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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 3, 1913

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 THE
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  WRBNQTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VAJJCOUVlfJl TRADIM A14D-LAgOR COUNCIL AMD B. C. VEDCttATtON OF LABOR.
FIFTH YEAR. No.M.
'No. 701. Watch your address label.
tAyCOtrVl^^^tlDAY, JAMAS* 3,1913,
VANCOUVER ISLAND COAL MINERS'
LOCKOUT ONCE MORE REVIEWED
Editor Free Ptess, Nanalmo: I notice In a recent Issue of your paper
you state that you would like to have
a true and unbiased account of the
strike In Cumberland.
Considering tbat 1 am a man who
has resided here nearly 16 years, am
hot a socialist, and never worked a
day in the mines In my life. I feel that
It la my duty to state the right* of
this trouble, as 1 have seen It.
Being a subscriber tb your paper, I
have occasionally been shocked on
reading s 9 at the awful things
whioh ha\ happened up here since
the commi    sment ot this trouble, .
I wish, It "Editor,, to start right ln
at the con 'ncement and touch on
eveiy point \ineoted with the affair
up to the pr   pt day. ■"<»'.
\   "*j* Cause
A certain V acted on the gas
committee at jdysmlth, the committee reporting in a certain part ot
the mine, whi the government inspector had sU.«m. the placet, to be
Clear, shortly after thla the man waa
Informed that there was ho puce or
work for him, he came to Cumber
land, and got a position as a driver
with a certain contractor . who waa
drawing pillars,
The contractor was Informed by the
mine manager that the company would
not pay (3.60 per day tor driven,
wblcji waa the figure the contractor
waa paying thla man, and that he
must discharge him.
After being discharged thla man applied for a position ha driver for the
company, but was Informed by the
boas driver that he waa too late, although ether men were being employed.
The contractor mentioned above had
paid hia driver 83.50 per day for two
months previous to his employing tbls
u an from Ladysmlth and the company had never made a murmur.
The supposition is that this Lady
smith man found gas where the government Inspector had reported the
places clear, and the company did not
want men of thla calibre about tbelr
■ worka.
1 claim, Mr. Editor, that it ts up to
every man, no matter where he works,
whether In the mines or above ground,
to look after hla own safety. The
British Columbia mine laws allow a
committee of tbe men tb Investigate
the conditions In tbe various coal
mines In thts province and make a re-
part, should their Investigations show
something epitrary to the . report
made by the government inspector,
have they no protection when the company under whom tbey happen to be
working discriminates agalnat them.
The Effect
The U. M. W. of A. took up thl*
man'a ease and aaked for hla reinstatement, he being a member of this
organisation, but the company would
not listen to any deputation from this
order nor recognise them In any way,
therefore they decided to cease work,
just as other organisations have done
In England, pending the re-lnatatement
of this man. - '
Since then they havo drawn up a
schedule of Wages and asked, the company to recognise their union, but so
far to no purpose.
. The company are producing a certain amount of coal, chiefly through
the medium of Asiatic labor, but at
what a cost!
We have been Informed time and
again through the press that thla government stands for a white Canada,
end tt haa alwaya been a mystery to
me how the employment of Chinese
and Japs has been allowed In the Cumberland mines, when tbey, do not ap
pear underground la any other mines
In British Columbia.
1 am atlll awaiting a solution ot this
problem. "
How many men In British Columbia
or anywhere else ln the civilised
world go to work for a corporation and
do not know until the end of the
month what they ar* making par day?
I do not think that thla state of
affaire exists anywhere else in the
known world except tn Cumberland,
hut such Is the case here.
A man starts as a digger In a place
that it deficient in coal and at the end
of the month the officials slse up what
coil he has produced and pay him
whatever they see fit for the rock ha
has shifted,
I know of. one Instance where a man
worked In water nearly to hia knees,
wearing oilskins, for lt wa* teeming
all about him, and he wu paid oft at
the magnificent sum of 89 cents per
■day, '     :'':-;'"
It la generally allowed that comparisons are odious, but I wish to compare a few of the figures that prevail
for.miners' supplies here and in Nanaimo:—
Article, Nanalmo price. Cum. price.
30% powder . .18c per lb, 30c per lb.
40% powder . .17c per lb. 30c per lb.
Monobel ,.... 22c per lb.. 80c per lb.
"    j-yti -        Ft —
Ordinary fuse 75c per 100 81 per 100
Coal shovel r...| .86each (1.50each
Rook shovel .... 1.26 each 1.60 eaoh
Coal picks .....   .60each    1.26each
-The miner here la supposed to receive 60c per ton of 2,240 lbs., but 20'
per cent. Is deducted for alack and 111
per cent. Is then added for what coal
he has produced, thla 10 per cent, also
applies to dead work. Compare this
with Nanalmo, Northfield or the Jingle
Pot figures and see how lt pans out,
A great deal has been written about
tbe rioting and violence which it sup-
pored to have taken place here, and
the consequent call for special --"—
protection.
I will admit that some women did
in one or two instances maul some
men Who happened to be working, and
called them some objectionable names,
and In one Instance a man waa supposed to be molested ln his own house,
but does that call, Mr. Editor, for the
flooding at the' town . by 200 special
foot, and mounted police, or necessitate the closing of the bars.
Then there was the daatardly attempt to blow up Trent river bridge.
1 will leave it to any man with
common sense-to state it he does not
think that a miner, a man well versed
In the use of handling of powder,
Would not have had the giant thawed
and laid bis plans to secure the wrecking of the structure, Instead of the
futile attempt "reported." I say reported for I have heard two versions
of tbls affair from men on the force
here. One stated that they had found
18 sticks of giant, and another that a
quantity ot black powder had been discovered somewhere about the structure, Now, lt they had found 18 sticks
of giant or the black powder mentioned, what caused the blackening of the
uprights reported In your paper, for lt
Is evident the powder neither exploded
] or burnt, for they found lt there, "they
say."
A resident living In tbe neighbor
hood of the bridge state* that he examined tho structure the next day and
[/could find no sign whatever of any
burning or explosion having taken
place.
The question Is who found the powder, and lt found, was lt giant or black
powder.
Of course, the police have a good
thing up here, nothing to do, and all
day to do lt In, and. wish to bang on
toj the Job, therefore you need not be
surprised if you hear of more scares.
I don't know what we would do If
we were in the same position here a*
they are In the Old Country with the
•uffragettes. It would mean another
1,000 police here at the leaat.
There baa positively been nothing
here approaching a riot.
The company hav* seen fit to discharge their operator, a man who has
held tbe position for the put 18 year*
I because he refused to weigh coal during the strike, and quite recently tbey
discharged the operator who held a po-
sltlon In the freight shed, for what
reason nobody knows, neither "would
tbe company explain. ■-"-!■
Now, Mr. Editor, these are . facts
which I can substantiate. Wbat the
outcome of tbe trouble will be nobody
."mews.. ■   :-,
I might have some idea were I a
member of the U. M, W. of A, but
unfortunately I am not. I am merely
an .ONLOOKER.
Cumberland, V.L* Dec. 86, 1912.
Cornea to Its Own
The Beilingham Journal, the official
Organ of the Central Labor Counoll of
tbat city, has been "designated u the
official city paper of Beilingham, the
contract for the city printing tor 1918
having been awarded to thla paper by
the city council. The Journal hat a
wide circulation ln the city.
The Auatrajlan Way.
.All sugar grown In Australia tn future mutt be prodced by white labor
and the minimum wagea advised by
the sugar commission must be paid
to all sugar workers. Tbls is the
.edict of the federal government, following the abolition of the augar
bounties previously paid and the excise ddty,
A Frightful Toll
Perhaps the most Important feature
of the annual report of the U. S. Interstate Commerce Commission, which
hu been transmitted to congress, wu
the summary of railroad accidents In
the United States for the year ending
June 30,1912. This report gives some
startling facts relative to the enormous
Iosb of life on American railroads.
The compilation of this report shows
that the total number of casualties for
tbe year on steam riads.wu 180,123,
of which 10,586 is the number of per
sons killed and 169,638 represents the
number Injured, showing an-Increase
of 189 In total number ot persons killed
and 19,379 In the number Injured.
ORmnrAi pIJulty of .••
00. RaWTOMNQ ON OLD
auPEura at nxxa
That It atay *b*u The* to Comfort and Provide for All Path-
•rleu Children and Widowi"
The grim reapif. never leaves For
nle for long' at a.tlme. Lut Monday
morning alit menwere killed Instantly, and seven nWre Injured in such
fashion that somiiof,them are not expected to live.     '
I The Wiled At*! Jamea Buckley,
Fernle; Harry Mai. West Fernle;
Alex Worthlngtc*. Coal Creek; D.
Roaaeyo, Fernle; TJ. Nulyctuk, Coat
Creek; T. Kltenary, Coal Creek.
"The Injured ar*: Archie Nlcholaon,
Fernle, Injured tack; Percy- Jones,
Weit Fernle, Injured back and pelvis;
Fred /Piatt, Wait Fernle, foot fractured and face injured; Sam Card*-
mon, Fernle, shoulder fractured and
back injured; T*ny Secreretl, Coal
Creek, fractured skull; George Michel.
Coal Creek, Injured leg; Walter
Campbell, shohji.'-,
Tbe disaster occurred early ln the
morning, when th| men were gathered
In/the carpenter shop Whlch la sit-
. uated at the tWLm a steep bank. A
[heavy snow had fallen the previous
day and on th* morning ot the disaster a slide one hundred and fifty feet
wide cam^tearlng down tbe mountain
side overwhelming" the structure and
all Its occupant*. *"
Scarcely a week passes but there Is
an accdent ot some kind or other at
Coal Creek, and each month the
steady dribble ot death wlnda Its way
from the mines of the Crow's Nest
Pass* Coal Co. to the quiet place on the
hill. *>|
And those who? are left, what of
them? ..^.
Little can thoy expect beyond the
never-falling kindliness and charity of
the only really charitable people on
earth—the iioor.';:.
Certainly they "cannot look for much
from the Crow's NeBt Pass Coal Co.,
after the bitter flght they made over
the notorious Krua case.
Krus wae killed whilst working for
thla stnte comp company, and the
United Mine Workers claimed compensation for hla widow ln the supreme court of British Columbia.
The legal representative of the company said:. "TWa woman hu no
claim on this court."
Shylock, claiming hla full pound of
flesh, was nothing compared to the
modern company lawyer making himself worthy of hla hire.
"Nay, nay, not upon thy sole, but
upon thy soul, harsh Jew."
There is reasonable ground ton
thinking that this disaster could have
been avoided It warning had only been
taken from the tact that a similar accident occurred In the same place a
few years ago. .Since then the company bu erected a snow break on the
hillside which has proved too weak to
prevent a repetition of the-daughter.
LOVE AND LOANS-FAUKS Tt) *
FURNISHED ON INSTALMENT PLAI
LABOR COMMIMION MEETS
DURING, CONVENTION WEEK.
The newly appointed Labor Commission will hold It* firat meetings ln
Victoria'January Hth and 15th. The
convention of the B.C. Federation ot
Labor will meet In Victoria Monday,
January 18th. Thla makes a very dei-
llghtful combination, and only those
Who are aware of the disgust which
the personnel ot the commission hu
aroused among the organised workera
of the Province can make a guess aa
to what is likely te happen, One
thing la almost certain, that one of
the very firat matten to he discussed
at th* convention will be the attitude
of that body towards tbe Commission.
Jewish Workman'a Circle        1
A concert and ball will be given by
the above organisation In the Orange
ball on Friday; Jan. 17th, at 8 p.m.
Tickets 60 cents.   Ladles free.
The 83.00 poll tax,:.which has been
collected each year trom every citlsen
of British Columbia that could not
avoid being caught by the tax collector, will be discontinued trom the
firat of the year. The abolition of tbe
tax is tbe result of a recommendation
which came from the Taxation Commission which Investigated the revenues of British Columbia a year or
mor* ago, - It is said that Premier
McBride Is utlsfled that his "White
B. (*."• policy will bring him more revenue from the 8600.00 head tax on
Chinamen coming into thla Province
than he got trom the 83.00 poll tax.
Another instance of the awful price
which workingmen pay tor their par
tlolpatlo nln the wan of others is offered In the experience of a South Vanoouver church audience whllo ushering
In the New Tear. An Insane man
named Jamleson rushed Into tbe
church and* took possession of the
platform, until the preacher had telephoned the police and bad tbe unfpr
tunate victim removed to the police
station. Jamleson uld he had been
through the South African war, and
ever since, owing to the awtul sights
he had witnessed, had been subject to
dreams. Like many others, the insane
man was looking for "Justice," Readers of The Federatlonist will remember that scores of "returned heroes"
of the South African war have since
committed suicide, gone Insane and In
some cues became "criminals." For
all ot which there Is undoubtedly a
deep underlying cause.  -Whit'Is ltt "
Timber Workers Organization Planned at Seattle
• Nearly every large olty In Caaadae
haa a branch of the "Home Reunion
Association." This I* an organisation
of business men formed for the purpose of loaning money to workman
who are living In thla country and
who have left their wlvu and famlllee
In England and elsewhere, whtlat the
bread-winner cornea out her* to try
and rebuild the home which socialism
has broken up In the country of his
birth.
The shrewd Gradgrind mind of the
tittle business man has noticed that
large sums of money ar* sent out ot
Csnoda every month by workmen to
support their families whom they have
left behind: That money" means trade,
and there is naught In heaven above
or earth below that I* better than
trade to the mind of a real estate
man, or your modem aromatic grocer.
It Is very amusing to near a real
estate man voicing hia imperial aentl-
ment* and hla love of the flag. But It
la. more than funny to aee him using
the Hag which he professes to love so
well, for tbe purpose of advertising hla
land "snaps,' and he will chue a
Chinaman with the moat Indecent
haste If he thinks he can get a few
dollars profit by selling him a piece
of tbe British Empire. Neither, doe*
your enterprising grocer scorn to decorate his nasty little sugar bags sad
soda packets with libellous portraits
of "the first gentleman In the land,*!
and his loyal consort too, If he think*
that hy so doing It'will enable him. to
sell hi* wares quicker and make more
profit. >    ■
However; to come back to our muttons: The "Horn* Reunion Association" has discovered that the love
of "home" is something which all
men wilt do much for, and hu laid Its
plana tor the purpose ol exploiting
tbat home love for all it I* worth.
The Gradgrind* gathered themselves together, and each put ao muoh
money Into the bualneaa, Then
they spread It abroad that they were
prepared to loan that money In var
tout sums, at "reasonable Interest,"
to "deserving persons" who wish to
bring their famlllee out to Join them
In Canada. Thla brings scons ot applications . from workmen who an
anxious to be reunited with thou
they love, and without Whom life I*
not worth living. But not every one
that salth unto me "A loan, a loan,"
shall enter the number of the blessed.
Flnt of all a man muet bo able to
show that he la able to repay the
money by being in -regular work.
Then hla employer muat be able: tb
testify that the workman ia a good
"steady" man, and a "deserving per
son," according to the specifications.
That meana that he muat be a man
who Is not likely to kick for more
wages, for fear of losing his Job, and
"Invietus
Shoes"
for men'-are
leather all
through
SOME makers of cheap shoes claim that they use
onk tanned leather for the soles. If they do it's
certainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you evere xamine the sole of
cheap shoes? If you did, the color wu apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
-Did you observe what a ooarse, 'spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes, ■ The soles of Inviotus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—a fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out. We have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
$5^ to $7-
FOR SALE AT THE
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
Coincident with the decision of the
American Federation of Labor to place
funds and organisers at the disposal
of the Shingle Weavers' International
Union' and the Washington and British Columbia State Federation of
Labor, for the purpose ot organising
the lumber workers of tbe Pacific
Northwest, comes an announcement
from, the I. W. W„ In the form of a
special number ot the Industrial Worker (Spokane) that "the timber workers must be organised." The I. W.
W. must concentrate every organiser
on the Washington camps."   ,   '
Advantage must betaken of the agitation carried on by the A. F. of L. to
swing the men Into the Saivatlon
Army of the labor movement. And all
of thla tender solicitude on behalf of
men who have repeatedly been Importuned by I. W. W. organizers to throw
in their lot with the "best organisation in the world," and aa repeatedly
refused.
Following the preliminary effort put
forth by Vancouver Trades and Labor
Counoll, In placing Organiser George
Heatherton In the field to organise
the loggers, a general campaign has
been Inaugurated by the Shingle
Weavers, hacked by the American
Federation of Labor, to extend the
jurisdiction of the latter organisation
so that every worker In the timber Industry can be enrolled under one
charter and without the necessity of
forming another International union.
With the Idea of working out the
details of the program, a meeting took
place In Seattle last week, the various
organizations being represented as
followa: C, R. Caae, president Washington State Federation; Vice-president E. P. Marsh (Everett), Vice-president Hall (Beilingham), J. G. Brown,
International president Shingle
Weavers' Union; Wm, H, Reld, secre-
tary-treuurer Shingle Weavers; Ar
thur Jenson, editor Free Press, Hoqulam, Wash.; C. O. Young, general
organiser °A. F. of L.; Thoa. Russell,
president District No, 10 United Mine
Workers; Robert Harlan, executive
board member United Mine Workers;
Geo. Heatherton, organiser B. C. Lumbermen, and Vice-President McVety,
representing tbe British Columbia
Federation of Labor,
From the general discussion at the
Seattle meeting, the writer ia of the
opinion that the problem of organising
tbe woodsmen of Washington and Oregon Is a muoh more simple one than
to carry out the same work among the
workers ln British Columbia. In the
states mentioned the mlllworkers are
all white; the shingle weavers have
Bhown what a small compact body of
men can do to better working conditions; the camps are large and, comparatively speaking, close together,
and there la a great deal ot discontent
among the men themselves that only
requires to be crystallised to make a
strong militant addition to the working class movement.
In this province conditions are entirely different, Here the camps are
separated by wide distances; tew men
In a camp; no connection whatever
between the woodsmen and the mill-
men, because tbe latter are about 96
per cent, Asiatics and without the
fighting experienced shingle weavers
to show the way to secure the removal
of some of the damnable conditions of
employment that curse tbe life of a
lumberjack..
The situation from   California   to
ONION MEETINGS
AT LABOR TEMPLE
FOR COMING WEEK
Sunday, Jan. 6.—Picture Operators, 7 p.m.; Bartenders, 2.80
''Monday, Jan. 6.—Boiler
makers, Pile Layers, Blectrical
Workers, No. 213; Builders'
Laborers, Brotherhood of Carpenters, Elevator Constructon.
Tuesday, Jan. 7.—Sign Painters, Clgarmakers, S hlnglers,
TallorB, Amalgamated Carpenters, Loco. Firemen and Engine-
men, BrlcklayerB.     -
Wednesday, Jan. 8.—Stereoty-
pere, Cement Workera, Marble
Cutters, Photf) Engravers, Amalgamated Carpenters, Street Railwayman, Plumbera, Stationary
Engineers.
Thunday, Jan.- 8.—Barbers,
HorseBhoers, Marble Cutten'
Helpers, Painters, Sheet Metat
Workers, Machinists.
Friday,   Jan.   10.—Structural
Iron   Workers,    Parliamentary
Cooks, Floor Layers.
,   Saturday, Jan. 11.—Bakers.
Alaska was thoroughly canvassed and
at a number of large camps ln Wash-
Ington the feeling In favor of organisation la so strong that one union has
been formed without any assistance
from the outside.
The delegates were unanimous In
their choice of Geo. Heatherton as the
first of the organisers to be appointed
by the A F. of l.„ recognising that Inasmuch aa he had been carrying on
the work In British Columbia that his
experience will be very valuable In
the greater work that Is now to be
undertaken.
For obvious reasons the detailed
plan of campaign cannot be given out
at present, but with the assistance or
opposition of the I, W. W. the lumber
workers of the Pacific Coast are going
to be organized.
PORCUPINE STRIKE NEWS
The muter class in tbls district
have now thrown off all pretence at
observing the law, and have enlisted
the support of all the powers of government to assist them ln carrying
out their nefarious designs,
Lut night (Friday)'sixteen men
were brought In, In the Pullman car
"Inverness," and as soon as lt pulled
Into tbe station, the provincial police
blocked the approaches to the cars,
even those which formed part ot the
regular train, refusing to allow anyone to board the train.
Some ot the boys, navlng the Idea
that the public had the right to use
a railroad that they are supposed to
own, Insisted on their rights, with the
result that four of them were badly
clubbed and beaten up and thrown
into Jail, being held on ball of 81,000
each,
There can be no doubt that this
whole episode wu purposely arranged
by the authorltiea In order to incite a
disturbance, which would provide an
excuse for the militia being shipped ln
to murder the workers wholesale.
We have dosens of witnesses who
are willing to Swear that one Of tbe
provincial officers emptied his revolver In the attempt to murder a
man who was doing his best to avoid
trouble by leaving the scene of the
trouble. This miserable caricature of
insulted humanity is known and he
may reat In the assurance that somewhere, sometime, he will reap his reward, the reward of any other cur
that,, losing, bis usefulness to his
owner, Is spurned under his master's
feet.
lt should be noted here that the
Thiel gunmen who ahot down our
brothers In Tlmmins In cold blood,
are atlll at liberty, tbe only one who
was committed for trial being allowed
out on 81.000 ball, and has not been
seen since. It a slave tries to enter
a public vehicle and only succeeds lu
getting Into Jail, hla ball Is 31,00(1
(might as well be 31,000,000), while a
company tool can attempt murder and
get away with it 31,000 being less to
the men who employ them than 10
per cent. Is to a worklngman.
Notwithstanding these difficulties,
the fight Is going on with added vigor,
and the ultimate result ia no longer ln
doubt; the working class is now becoming too Intelligent to allow themselves to be divided upon the Held ot
Industrial conflict and defeated by detachments.
The gigantic strides that have been
made In this respect may be seen by
comparing thla conflict with that of
Cobalt In 1907.
At that time lt wu a simple matter for the labor skinners of Cobalt to
get all the minora they wanted from
the unorganised districts of the various Eutern provinces.
Today, notwithstanding that the
scabherders nf Canada and the United
States have been scouring the country to secure miners to break the
strike, It would not be too conservative an estimate to say that there are
not twenty competent men working
In the mines of this whole camp.
The first bunch of real miners thnt
the operators have been able to hoodwink Into coming up here, deserted In
a body when they discovered that
they were required to work against
their own class Interests; and these
men were from the vicinity of Sudbury, where it has been the proud
boast cf the Canadian Copper company that an organizer cf labor could
not stay.
Authoritative word hu been brought
out from the Dome mines that even
the scabs have organised a little strike
of their own, aB they all want to quit
and the company has refused to pay
them.
The Holllnger mines have seized on
the personal effects of a lot of the
mon who quit their employ and refused to give It up, and when this
was reported to the local Judicial
authority, he made the remark that
"He did not give a d—n If they ever
got their baggage."
One thing ta certain that the workers in this camp are not getting what
they voted for, u at the last election
th? workers here rolled up a big majority for the socialist canldate, and
whatever the result ot the Industrial
fight may be, there will be some capitalist politicians who will sincerely
regret having opened the slaves' eyes
to what they may expect from a parasite government, under the present
system of exploitation.—H.B.
wicked trade, unions which are
posed of "coarse persons," who are
always agitating for more wages,
which would enable, them to bring |
their loved ones out without having to
'surrender every scrap ot personal
iilvnity by crawling to their masters
tor a loan to finance the Job with.
When the worker has entirely satis-
fled the Association that he Is a
worthy subject tor their long-sigflted
charity, he geta his loan, and, having
hauded it over to the tender mercies
of the O.P.R., he eventually geta his
family, whose grown-up members can
then compete with their father for a
lob In the labor market.
Our much-worried worker then finds
thnt. his troubles are Just beginning,
for his debt, ln the shape of tbat loan,
haunts him Bleeping or awake, Like
all the working clus, he haa a horror
of debt. Not so wltb hla master or
his kind. He rather gloriei in being
<n debt. He does not scorn to owe
his tailor a bill a yard long, or hla
wine merchant one twice u long. In
tact, his rapacity tor Incurring debts
is only limited by the credulity of his
creditors, and only excelled by hie
sons.
With the workera lt la different;
they never rest as long u they are
In debt, and even If they were Inclined
to, their creditors would not let them.
Consequently, with the debt to the
"Home Reunion Association" hanging
over his head the worker will put up
with almoat any conditions his boss
tries to Impose upon bim, and the
more there aro like him, the harder It
Is for the trade unionist to make a
successful fight tor the better conditions whloh he cannot get for himself without getting them for the other
fellow as well.
These men who come out under debt
♦WAN AND TVBITtsOE.
A ItecflllecUon by'J. W.;Wj'.,!*'   -
Among  those  whose name* have "
figured most prominently In tto. .t*fw»
which hu closed at Indianapolis thlt :
week are Frank M. Ryan, ex.Pts*l|lsat
of the Bridge and Structural ta-srwork-
era, and Olaf A Tvelfmoe, aVwatarfi
of the Stat* Building Tradu Ceoaell
of California,    As a delegate to the
Atlanta convention ot th* American
Federation of Labor, In Ull, 1 met
ind mad* the personal acquautaac* .
of both these men, and my recoUeo-
turns of them do not brlag to my salad
anything ln their manner or appearance whlpb might lead on* to think'
that ther* i* truth In the aatouadlng
charges of which an American Jury-
saya they are guilty.  Tha whole affair
leaves me amased beyond raeuure,
Frank M. Ryan, u 1 remember him,
nil quiet-mannered man, between
fifty tnd sixty ywr* of age, of medium
height and hair turning Iron grey, with
kindly eyes and aa unusumlng manner. In the coin-** ot conversation- be
spoke of being tired of tbe life-long
wear ud tear ot fighting against the
fierce opposition which'ths Iron Workers have had to face from the sheet-
tors' Association for many yean, ana
said thlt he intended to retire from
office lad nek freedom from his care*
oh a farm It be could find land cheap
enough to be bought by hi* modest
savings.
Olaf A TveUmoe Is a man ot giant
stature, standing between six-and
seven feet high. He hu the shoulders of an Atlu, and ike voice ot a
Stentor, with a chest girth which mut
meuure fifty inches, Physically at
least he la a typical descendant of th*
Scandinavian Viking stock trom which
his ancestors sprung, ln the convention of the A. F. ot L. 1 lit it a table
•bout four feet In front of him, ana
when he spoke to the house lt wu u
though a, thunder storm poured from
hla tremendous lungs, and on* could
understand why his friends called him
"The Hammer ot Thor."
At the convention of tbe Building
Trade* Department I served on a committee of which he wu the chairman,
and thus saw quite a deal of him personally. A* bla build .would-denote,
he-la undoubtedly 1 very forceful man,
and bear* a strong facial llkenau to
ex-Presloettt Roosevelt As he expressed himself from time to time hla
view*'seemed broad and generous, u
might be expected from a man who
had travelled much and had Men a
good deal ot th* world through the
eye* of a workman.
Certainly tbere wu nothing In hi*
.„^„, --. _ i,-^. meaner to lead one to think that a*
» not: likely to Join one of - tMa^-WonM aloi,Mrpixitttob* drawn Into
the Insane business which Is responsible for his present dilemma.
■ r    1      :
Work for Union Printers.
The census figures showing that
there are 280,000 persons engaged In
the printing industry ln the United
States would Indicate that there is
plenty of organising work ahead of
the printing trades unions, In th*
United State* and Canada then ar*
less than 100,000 unton members ln
the allied printing trades—less than
60 per cent, ot those engaged in the
business. Apparently the gain In
membership in the lut ten yean hu
kept pace with the Increased numbers
entering the Industry. Think It over,
Mr. Union Printer.
to this Association do not understand
that wages here hear just the aame relation to the price of living u they do
In England or elsewhere, and the result Is that they are an easy prey to
employers of the Y.M.C.A. half-baked
philanthropic type who watch for the
coming of their carcases like so many
vultures awaiting the finish ot battle.
The worker under modern conditions finds himself unable to be sentimental over thie question. He realizes that If there are more Jobs than
men, he can get a better wage and
better conditions; and tbat If there
are more men than Jobs, he hu I bird
time to keep going.
Consequently, whilst he can understand the desire ot others of his kind
to bo reunited With their famlllee, he
Is bitterly opposed to any scheme for
bringing that about which tends to
weaken the measures which he hu
taken for the protection of his standard of living before others of his kind
were on tho ground. J. W. W.
Ask Your
Dealer
Look for Ihe
Labels
If you want the best, Wear
Buck Brand Overalls
Fitwell Hats
UNION MADE GOODS
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Wholesale Dry Goods and Agents for the Manufacturers.. T
PAGE TWO
THE BEITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...........JANUARY 8, 1913
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 18M
Paid-up Capital
Reserve
Total Assets
$11,500,000
12,500,000
175,000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DE-
POSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
ike account, ud your   -
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches in  Vancouver
THE BANK OF
VANCOUVER
Sm4 OflM    -    Yeacoover, B.C.
.taa-MM Capital 11,000,000
takMrlOM   OaplUl 1.169.900
aWA Vp CMplW.     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln It
by the people, and It N always
ready ud willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that la con-
•latent with safety and good management
Tour aoeoaat very oordlally
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Gamble Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash St-.
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
vllle St
Pender  St   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
L. W. 8HATFORD,
General Manager.
W. B. JARDINE,
Assistant General Manager.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital & Reserve $ 11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that ao closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank- that ha* been a monument of financial strength
•inoe tho year 1865'
We receive deposits ot 91
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
/VANOO
kings and
UVXB,
B.O.
4 It lands for all that Union
Labor Studs for.
WKN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
SPECIALISTS IN
PRINTING
Cowan & Brookhouse
Lasoa Timpli       Phons (iv. 44So
NEW UATC
FALL «A  * O
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
GLOVES
—AT—
PERIARDS
135 Haa-tintfe Street E.
THEB.C.
Published weekly by The 8. C Federatlonist, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 10,000 organized wage-
workers.
Issued every Friday morning.
President Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. \V. Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMillan
Treasurer. : J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor ti. Parm, Pettipiece
Office:   Boom 810, Leber Temple
Tel. ley. 3690.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;   In Vancouver  City,   $1.26:    to   unions  subscribing in a body, 7B cents.
YEARLY ADVERTISING  RATES:
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Ject-for congratulation as it entails
consequences tbe reverse of beneficial
to tbe political movement of the workers. But of this more later when we
get around to our good friond the petty
bourgeois.
One more point before we leave J
this unconscionably long dissertation
on classification. Some socialists are
fond of pointing to the vast amount
of useless labor performed under tbe
present system, such as advertising,
etc.
It should, however, be borne in
mind that this is the capitalist society we are examining, and that,
however useless such functions as ad*
vertislng would be under the co-operative society, they are a part and parcel of the present society, are useful
and necessary to it, and that the labor
bo expended must be reckoned with
as being embodied in tbe mass of
social wealth. It may be laid down
as an axiom that, the usefulness ot a
function performed ln one state of
society Ib not to be gauged by the
standards of another state of society
of a totally different character.—Mc.
©raljrmtt
THEATRE
The Home of High-Class
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
'Party of XtaporVtaa hop, of ths worts.'
Q9 WATCH THE LABEL ON YOUR
**<• PAPER. If this number Is on It
your subscription expires, next Issue.
FRIDAY JANUARY S, 1913
lu-f;
EXPLOITATION
Wealth is produced by the applies-
tlon of labor-power to raw materials.
It is the embodiment of the labor thus
expended.
We can conceive ot an Individual
producing by his own efforts every
thing he needs. The wealth he would
thus 'produce would be the embodiment of all his labor. This would be
pure and simple individual production.
Wo can further conceive of a number
of Individuals thus independently producing wealth. The sum total of the
wealth thus produced would embody
all the labor of all the Individuals.
It would, nevertheless, still be individual production.
If, however, we conceive of a number of Individuals working together
to produce wealth, each one doing
that which he Is most capable of do-
Ing, or that whloh, for any other
reason, falls to his lot to do, wo have
social production. Such a group ot
individuals would constitute, ln Its
bare outlines, a society, and their
labor would be social labor.
The wealth thus produced, being
the result of the combined efforts ol
this society, would logically be the
property ot the society as * whole, and
each Individual would own a share ln
the social wealth. The proportion of
each individual would be equivalent
to the proportion of his social labor
embodied ln that mass ot wealth.
Now thlB may appear very simple,
In fact childish, but lt leads us to a
point on which there Is a great deal
of misunderstanding, that Is, aa to
who Is exploited and who exploits.
If we conceive of a society that has
collectively spent 1,000 hours producing a certain mass of wealth, then
each Individual would logically be entitled to the ownership ot a thousandth part of that wealth for every
hour ot labor he performed. Any
dividual member of that society receiving more then that proportion,
can only do so when some other member or member* receive less. That Is
to ssy, he would receive It at the ex.
penBe of the others. The latter would
thus be exploited out of a portion ot
the wealth tbey produced. The for.
mer would benefit by this exploitation, however accomplished.
This gives us the dividing line be-
tween the two classes and may be
broadly generalised thus: Whoever
receives from society more than he
gives to society belongs to the class
of exploiters. Whoever receives less
from society than he gives to society
belongs to"the class   of the exploited,
The existence of such a division is
most notoriously!the caae ln society
as at present constituted. Those who
do little or nothing are wealthy, those
who do the most have the least,
To go at all comprehensively Into
tbe details of the classification ot the
various members of capitalist society
would require far more space than
the writer has at his dlspojal, nor, tor
such a task, hu he the ability.
All he can do Is to sketch the outline, leaving who will to fill ln the details for themselveB.
There, then, are the two classes In
society, the' exploited, working, or
slave class, who get less than the full
product of their toll, the exploiting,
or master class who get more than
the product of theirs.
j True lt Is that there are many who
•perform no function useful to society
end yet derive an Income therefrom,
but, It should be self-evident that
tbey can thus get something for
nothing only because others are getting nothing for something. They are,
therefore, beneficiaries of exploitation
and belong In tho exploitation class,
It might be well to remark that It
Is by no means necessary that a man
should be an employer of labor to be
an exploiter ot labor. To belong to
the exploiting class It Is merely necessary to receive from society more than
one gives. On the other hand It does
not stand to reason tbat to be an em*
ployer of labor Is to be an exploiter
of labor. An employor of labor may
be and very often is merely In the
position of a foreman or overseer, tho
proceeds of the exploitation of his em-
ployees passing through his hands to
tbe exploiting class behind him. He
may himself be exploited, and unless
he receives the full product of his own
labor, he Ib exploited, though perhaps
ln a degree less than his employers,
yet even this Is often not the case.
The ownership of a blacksmith shop
does not entitle a man to a position
ln the master class ust because he
happens to Save a husky slave or two
doing the manicure act on horse-nails.
Nor Is a contractor necessarily a
bloated plutocrat by virtue of the fact
that he has tho hiring and firing of
some 'stecn bricklayers and other
satellites of the barrow brigade. Some
builders' Bupply company may have
him by the slack of his pants. '
Some understanding of this point
appears to be necessary, as, In tho
writer's experience, not a few socialists need to revise their system of
classification. It Is the more necessary at the present time, when things
hav ecome to such a pass In some
quarters, that a man Is likely to be
branded as no proletarian If he should
accidentally happen to wash back ot
the ears.
It may be objected that the above
classification would place in the category of the exploited not only what
is generally known as the working-
class, but also a large proportion of
tbo so-called "middle-class." This the
writer Is prepared to admit. However
undesirable company they are for the
working-class, there they are, Their
presence there Is by no means a sub-
THE LESSON.
It was not so long ago that It was
the almost universal custom for trade
union   men   to   decry   the  need   ot
political action.
Did a member of a union wiser than
his time and kind, dare to hint, even
In the mildest manner at the need of
such, he was certain to be overwhelmed by a chorus of blatant know-
nothings whose only argument was,
"No politics in the union."
But things do not remain the same,
and the time mentioned is happily
past, or passing. Trade union men of
today are Increasing who realize the
need, the great need, of labor taking
action on the political field, There is,
on the other hand', a form of unionism
—and we have no quarrel with Its
form—many of whose prominent adherents, moved by impatience, disgUBt,
want of knowledge, or utter brainless-
ness, who are not content with the
old cry of "No politics ln the union,"
but go out of their way to attack the
very Idea. And yet, at every turn
these same Individuals find themselves
confronted and thwarted by the powers ot the state, Either they are too
blind to see, or, seeing, from some
ulterior motive, they choose to Ignore
tbe need of obtaining possession of the
state ln order to move lt out of the
path of labor's aspirations to be free,
Even In those* petty Bquabbles for a
little more bay and oats and a little
better stable—In a word, higher wages
—In the form of a little more money,
shorter hours, or better, conditions,
they find their masters using the powers of government when It suits their
purpose.
HarraBsed, beaten up and driven from
Aberdeen, Hoqualm, San Diego and
numerous other places, by the powers
of tho state, the political power of the
employer class, they seem incapable ot
realizing haw that power, so useful to
their masters, would be equally useful
to them, aye, even more so; for while
the employer class can only use that
power, while they have lt, to make the
rule of capital last a little longer; In
the hands of labor, political power can
be used to settle labor's problem for
good and all.
We have lately had an object lesson
In the result of the trial of the "dynamiters," Ryan, et al Now, whether
these men are Innocent or guilty we
know not, and we are not going to express an opinion, as It behooves one to
be careful ln expressing opinions on
such matten since the McNamara confession, but, Innocent or guilty, the
fact remains that they were hunted
down by the state, tried by ,'he state,
convicted by the state, and will bo
kept .behind the bare by the state as
long as It suits the state.
What has labor to do? Become the
stats Itself, In order to use the powers
of the state on Its own behalf as Its
present possessors are using lt today.
It Ib not by senseless Individual violence, either on a small or large scale;
It Is not by sabotage, either In Its
petty form ot putting sweaty soaks In
the dough, sand or emery powder ln
machinery, or In Its extreme form of
dynamiting buildings, that labor will
realise Its aspirations and achieve Its
freedom. These expressions ot uneducated resentment and Impatience, or
this stool-plgeon treachery, can only In
the long run work to labor's dlsadvan
tage, and postpone Its triumph.
Labor must be educated to become
fit for freedom, and, In the present
stage ot the game, the only sensible
way a unionist can express his resentment at wage slavery and his impatience to see its finish. Is to educate
himself, to educate his' fellows to combine for Its downfall.
Hypnotlo Phrases.
"Peace on eartb, good will to men."
Such Is the palava handed out right
and left by our friends the enemy.
"Peace on earth?" How can there be
peace when thousands, aye millions,
of men, women and children driven to
work In mine, mill and factory for a
mere pittance, driven to work In
places dangerous to life and limb,
driven to slave In an Insanitary sweltering atmosphere?
How can there be such a thing as
"Peace on earth," that these parasites
vomit forth week In and week out
when our sisters and daughters are
being forced to sell their bodies on
the streets to satisfy the lusts of these
damnable horse thieves and murder
ers?
"Good will to men I" And the penitentiaries are overcrowded, asylums
overflowing, charity Institutions kept
up for the benefit of a few officials,
murder ships being built to knock
hell out ot the poor dumb fools who
get In their way, armies and navies,
police and thugs, murders, robberies,
strikes, divorces, suicides and a thousand other beautiful things that suggest the possibility of "Good will to
men."
The prostituted press, political
skunks In the form of human beings,
pilots that slobber over Ignorant
women, and deliver ghgost stories trom
the pulpit, grafting lawyers who
squeeze tho-last dollar from their victims, wage slaves dressed like monkeys tn colored uniforms, judges who
always do the bidding of their masters, and others are helping to uphold
the present system of robbery and exploitation. These are the human vultures who keep the slave class from
knowing.the truth; these are the
hoggish pimps that live off the sweat
and blood of the working class; and
ilipsc are the tools that are used by
our masters to slobber and Vomit
forth "Peace on earth, good will to
men," to the pauperised wage mules
of the twentieth century.
Slaves, wake up! Throw those
words back Into the mouths of the
llck-splttnls that say them; tell them
to get to hell; brace yourself up; look
these parasites ln tbo face and tell
thorn that you can be fooled no longer
VANCOUVER TRADES
AHD LABOR COUNCIL
IN REGULAR SESSION
-   Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Dec. 19th, 1912.
The regular meeting of the Trades
and Labor Council convened this even.
Ing at .8 o'clock, with Vice-President
McMillan in the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved.
Credentials    were    received    and
delegates seated as   follows:    From
Bricklayers   and   Masons   for   John
O'Prey   and   ThoB.   D'Arcy;    from
Shinglers for G. E. Peterman and S.
Ellingson; from Plumbers for Coghlll,
Holmes,  Welsh  and  Cowling;   from
Typographical Union for H. C. Benson.
Reports   of   Committees—Report   of
Exscutive Board.
, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Dec. 18th, 1912.
The executive committee met this
evening at 8 o'clock, with the follow-
Ing members present: McMillan,
Tralnor, McVety, Campbell, Wilkinson,
Beasley, Pipes. »
Communications:
From Attorney-General Bowser, enclosing two reports re conditions at
cement works, Saanlch Arm. Recommendation, that It be filed, concurred
In.
From Department of Labor, acknowledging receipt ot circular re "Industrial, Unionism." Recommendation,
that it be filed, concurred In,
From TradeB and Labor Council, St.
John, N. B„ stating that they concurred In Industrial unionism. Recommendation, that It be filed for compilation,
concurred In.
From "Half Million League," asking
tbat two representatives of the council
be sent to their meeting. Recommendation, that it be filed, concurred In.
From Grant Hamilton, Washington,
D. C„ re Industrial Unionism. Recommendation, that It be filed, concurred
In.
From Frank Morrison, secretary A.
F. of L., acknowledging our order for
literature. Recommendation, that lt
be filed, concurred In.
From Moncton, N. B„ Trades and
Labor Council re Industrial Unionism.
Recommendation, that it be filed for
compilation, conourred In.
From B. C. Federation of Labor, containing call for the convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor to be neld
In Victoria, B. C, January 13th, 1913.
Recommendation, that lt be referred to
the council. Moved and seconded that
It be laid over to the order of new
buslnesB.  Carried.
Bills.
Remington  Typewriter Co.  for
now ribbon %  .If
James Campbell for December... 19.00
J. W. Wilkinson for December... 10.00
B. C. Telephone Co. for 'phone
rent ,.ij  12.36
Recommendation—That these bills
be paid, and that the Items on the bill
of the telephone- company, "which are
chargeable to the B. C. Federation of
Labor, b> charged to that body by tbe
secretary-treasurer of the council.
Concurred ln..   '
Recommended—that the council pay
another three hundred dollars on the
last one thousand shares taken In the
Labor Temple Co. Moved and seconded that we concur In the recommendation. Moved and seconded, in amendment, that the balance ot six hundred
dollars owing on shares be paid twelve
months from how. Amendment lost;
motion carried.
The report of the executive board as
a whole as amended was, on motion,
adopted.
Organization Committee Report.
The committee reported progress,
and the report was, on motion, accepted.
Parliamentsry Committee Report,
The committeo reported as follows:
Dec. 13th, 1912.
The parliamentary committee convened this evening at 8:30, and Dele-
gate Freckleton was elected to the
chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved,
Credentials were received for Bro.
Tralnor, who was duly seated.
It was resolved that tbe following
list of questions be submitted by tbe
council to candidates" for municipal
honors
Are you In favor of the extension
of tbe municipal franchise to include
all lodrers paying an annual rent ot
|60 or more?
Are you In favor of the abolition
of contract work and the substitution
of day labor on all city work?
Are you In favor of the employment of  union labor  on all city
work?
Are you In favor ot the strict enforcement of the 44-hour week on all
city work?
This part of the committee's report
was, on motion, adopted, and the secretary of the council was Instructed to
mall copies of the list of questions to
all candidates for municipal office.
The committee further recommended
that In view of the numerous accidents
occurring dally* on buildings In this
city, candidates should sIbo be ssked
tbe question, "Are you In favor ot an
amendment to the city charter providing for the appointment of a scaffolding Inspector?" This recommendation
was. on motion, adopted.
The renort ot the committee a* a
whole was, on motion, adopted.
Miners'  Meeting  Committee   Report.
Vice-President McMillan reported for
the committee that a meeting had been
held in the Dominion theatre on Sunday, Dec. 8th.
The following account of  receipts
and expenses was presented: .
Receipts.
By collection  140.66
Expensss.
Hire of. Theatre  .$12.60
Musicians    760
Wages, D. Brlckley r.   3 60
Hopps & Duker for signs    6.00
$28 60
Roeelpts MM5.
Expenses  28.60
Balance  $12.16
On motion, the secretary-treasurer
was Instructed to band this balance
over to the miners of District. 28, U
51. W. of A.
Reports of Unions,
Burgee:'  (Molders)—Trade   Improving.   Owing io lack of finances the
>
molders were not able to send delegates to the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Tralnor (Civic Employees)—Making
many new members. Expected to be
very strong by the coming spring.
Walker (Cooks and Walters)—Had
made one more union house since the
last meeting of the council:- Pioneer
restaurant not ln satisfactory condition from their point of view;
Abbs (Painters)—Trade fair. Mating new members..   .
Mrs. Baumgarten (Garment Workers)—Union In good condition, with
good prospects for the coming 'year.
Smith (Horseshoers)—Trade brisk,
and only one man out of work.
Smith (Amalgamated Carpenters)—
Trade quiet  Making new members.
Herrltt (Barbers)—Meetings of barbers were being well attended. Had
given $26 to striking miners of Vancouver Island. They had taken 60
more shares In the Labor Temple Co.
Jones (Electrical Workers)—Outside
men had signed up an agreement with
Western Canada Power Co as follows:
Minimum/wages for groundmen and
helpers, $3.30 per day; linemen track
bonders, 7466; operators, $4,06; lamp
trimmers, $3.80; telephone Installed,
$4.66; automobile drivers, $3.30; meter-
men, $4 66; cable splicers, $6.66.
Pettlplece (TypoB)—They had elected four delegates to the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Faulkner (Teamsters)—Organizing
was going ahead.
Motion, McVety-Harrlson—That owing to the Illness of President Kavanagh, all checks be signed by Vice-
President McMillan until further
notice.   Carried.
Roll Call.
The statistician reported 06 delegates present.
New Buelness.
Moved and seconded that we send
two delegates to the convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, and that tn
view of the fact that we are paying
$800 on our shares In the Labor Temple, we only pay tbe expenses of the
delegates.
Moved and seconded, In amendment,
that we send two delegate* and pay
their wages and expenses.
Moved and seconded, In amendment
to the amendment, that we pay the
wages and expenses of one delegate
and give $40 to the striking miners.
Amendment'to the amendment lost;
amendment lost; motion carried.
Delegates Wilkinson', Mldgley and
Trotter were placed In nomination.
The result of the election was: Wilkinson 48, Mldgley 37, Trotter 24.
Delegates Wilkinson and Mldgley were
declared elected. _
The matter ot sending representatives to appear before the Royal Commission on labor conditions was then
taken up.
Motion,- that the matter be filed and
no action taken; amendment, that we
send two representatives. Amendment
carried by 24 ln favor to 14 against,
A motion to extend the time ot meet'
Ing for 16 minutes was carried.
Nominations were ailed for. Delegates Wilkinson and MVety were nominated. There being no further nominations, they were declared elected to
represent the council before the Labor
Commission.
Motion, Pettlplece-Tralnor—That the
secretary get Into touch with the Central Labor Council of Seattle, with the
object of having the delegates to the
convention of the A. F. of L. visit Vancouver for one day next November.
Carried.
A motion to adjourn was made and
seconded.
At this point the secretary called at-'
tention to the notice of motion from
the Painters' Union, but the motion to
nd'nurn being called for, the council
adjourned at 11:16 pm.
Suit Speeialjit$1 5
We ho^d and can maintain by proof of service ae well as style,
that men who buy suite at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give. , i
Today has arrived a new lot ot suite with special features that
we have marked to-sell at 916.00. You will he surprised at the
Kmart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics., Lots of the popular red browns ln tweeds, other tweeds as well In grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them.
■yisBCTPlPfcT IBmTIOBalBsM alBB mil OT»mOQAT»
22*_m*__
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they-are well made, and not skimped
In any way.
The materials are tweeds ln smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat Is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars.
David Spencer
VANCOUVER, B.O.
THE KING OF SKATES
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
STAB SKATES, all that a skate can be.... 76c to #6*.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 7Soto J6.00
GREAT CHOICE OF SKATING SOOTS
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Hisses
J. A.   FLjSTT,  LIMITED Phone Seymour KM
Stoves MP Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
W. R. OWEN
2317 MAIN STREET.
PHONE FAIR. 447.
Hardware and Tools
O, A splendid stook of the best in the world's market.
We make a speoialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
McTAQGART & 1YIOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West Phon-t Seymour 684
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHER 8',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday in month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 433. Vancouver, Local sec-treas,, A. T. Oberg,
Rex 432. or 1003 Burrard street
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 22«-~-
Meete last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. S, Armstrong; vice-
president G. W. Palmer; sec re tary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Bog M.
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 aMonth
B. U. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets In annual convention ln January. Executive officers, 1912-13: President, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs. B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety.
R. P. Pettipiece. J. Roberts, C. Slverti.
J. J. Taylor; aec.-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets flr»t and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary, Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jm. Campbell, treasurer; A.
Bea-'ley, statistician; J. H. McVety,
>erKt.-at-arms; F. A, Hoover, W. J.
-Pipes, K. Trainor, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday In month.
President E. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England,
P. O. Box 16.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. .H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian",
James Cnnipbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pottlntece. John McMillan Munlock McKensle. Managing director. J. H. MoVety, Room 211.   Sey. 6360.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
pentera and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent J, A. Key;
ofl.ee hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson,. 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room 302.
BAKERS'  AND  CONFEO
Doners'  Local No.  46—
Mnets  second  and  fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m.  Pres-
Tiim-sssi-n   'dent,   J.   Klnnafrd:   cor-
}"WipP*u™    responding   secretary,   W,
fnroifrPrftr-**..   r0WM|  Hoom 220, Labor
Temple;  financial   secretary,   P,   Robin-
with their cursed, goody-goody talk;
toll them that, from this day you will
stand up with your class, the working
class, In an endeavor to teach the
work-in* class that they, and they
alone, are entitled to what they produce; and that the working class will
some dny not far distant stand forth
qb a man and mark their ballots for
the abolition of the present system,
and In that day you will see the true
expression snd the founding of a system that will bring "Peace on earth,
good will to men."
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 130—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:30 p. m. President Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Charles Brown, secretary-business
agent, C, F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; ft to 7 p.m.
Sey. 17711.	
BA ItTENDKRS' LEAGUE NO. 67-3—
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
eaoh month, 7:80 p. m„ Room 806. President; Walter Laurie; secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey. 458 (Yale Hotel). •
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 305 Labor Temple; financial secretary, G. W. William*,
305 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. De.
ilel, 806 Labor Temple.   Phone Sey. 1380.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners, south Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W, J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thot.
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt  Lindsay;  conductor, A.   Conaher;
warden, E. Hall. *»	
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON
W.ORKERH' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Frl-
-lay. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
r. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
738 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 689.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS'. NO. 1
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, James Maslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
215.   Sey. 8798.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Rhlp Builders nnd Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 363 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES AND GENERAL
Laborers'   Union.— Meets   flrst   and
third  Fridays,  Labor Temple,  8 p.   m.
President,    P.     Hurst;    secretary,     E.
Tralnor, Boom 220. Labor Temple.       __
CIOARMAKETlS' LOCAL, NO. 367—
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
f.m. President, Geo, Garrard; secretary,
tobert J. Craig, Kurtx Citai- Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson,
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President, W. P. Carr; vice-president, Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A. A* McDonald, 6 Lome street east; flnanolal secretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H, H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent H. A.
Jones, Room 207, Labor Temple,
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 205 8 p.m. President S. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent F. L. Est-
inghauson, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.
QLASS WORKERS' LOCAL, NO. 40—
Meets s.vond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson: financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 426 DulTerln street Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
LONGSHOREMEN? INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x. 82—Meets
every Friday evening, 133 Water street.
President, G. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 133 Water street.
MACHINISTS', NO. 183—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 n.m.
President, * Robt Thompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; flnanolal secretary,
I, H. McVety.   Bey. 6360.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVB
Union. Local No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of eaoh month, 640
Robson street President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F, English; secretary, C.
F. ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry: financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St; recording aeeretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
SHEET METAL WORKERsV^LuCAL
No, 380—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
p.m., Room 302. President, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Dormody.
STONECUTTERS',       VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
fi.m. President J. Marshall; correspond-
ng secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
financial secretary, K, McKensle.
STREET  AND   ELECTRIC   RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer .Division No. 101
--_ Jdni..,—„    	
and thlrd^Wednesdays, 8 p.m.   President,
L—Meets Labor Temple, second and
^fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President
H. Schofleld; recording secretary, Albert V, Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive,
•lAILORS, VANCOUVER BRANCH NO.
178—Meetings held first Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Ltord-
land; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Boa
508; financial secretary, L. Waklay, Box
tot	
TILE LAYERS'" AND HELPERS',  LO-
cal No. 82—Meets first and third
Wednesdaya each month, 8 p.m. President R. Neville; secretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
TIOTOBIA, a, a
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets every first and thlid
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. President, H. 3. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slverti, Box 302,
VlcteHa, B. C.
■. a
NEW -WESTMINSTER    TRADES    4k
Labor Council-—Meeta every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Halt President, R, A, Stoney;
flnanolal secretary, J. B, Chockley; genera) secretary. B. D, Grant P. O. box
984.   The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' and 8TEAMFITTERS' LO-
cal 496—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall.
7:80 p.m. President D. Webster; secretary, A, McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C.
UN1TKD BROTHERHOOD OF OAR-
penters, Local Union No. 1689—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A, Walker, Labor. Temple, New
Westminster, B.^C.
Moriav vnoii.
KIMBERLEY MINERS' UNION, NO. 100
Western Federation of ■ Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, ln Union Hall.
President B. A. Kines; secretary-treasurer, M  PJJVIlleneuve, Kimberley, B.O.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION. LOCAL
No. 8381. U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President Sam Guthrie; secretary, Dunoan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.	
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W. of A.
—Meets every Sunday ln District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:30 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary.
Nanalmo, B. O,
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION. NO. 38,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, in
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Her-
bert Vareol, Box 421. Rossland, B. 0_
TRAIL" MILL AND SMELTERMEN'S
Union, No. 101, W. F. of H.—Meets
every Monday at 7:80 p.m. President,
George Castell; secretary, Frank Camp-
bed. Box II, frail, B. Ci
•e*^*-*-^*-*^
s
•Ale '
AND
Porter
_ . Of America rJc«V
cosnunr «mm MMSBECimaie i»*s
Short Lessons ip
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
1   Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three time*
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp'
with tbe same consumption of current?
Should it not be advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter olerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary carbon lamp.". ,
. For the convenience of our customers we
'      carry a full line of Tungsten lampB of an
approved type in stook
Csrrall snd
Hastings Street
B.C.ELEGTRIG
VANCOUVER, B. C.
1138 Granville St.
near Dsvie
mmmim T
FRIDAY........... JANUABY % t»I»
THE BBITISI
»
Boxed Silk Hosiery
AT MODERATE PRICES.
At their respective price* we believe that the following
line* are at good at the market affords.
AT 75c A PAIR—Women's block silk boot hose; with high -
spliced heel, double sole and toe.  These have seamless
.feet.   :     ^ •   ' ■•  '   \
AT $1.00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top," with
double heel, sole and toe.  Come in black and white..
AT $1.50 AND $2;00—Onyx'silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following shades—pink, -sky, champagne,
light and dark grtfy, purplpe, wisteria, old rose king's
blue gold, tan, white or black. These have reinforced
heels, double sole, toe and lisle thread top.
(gorhnn Brjja&alr, Efontei.
575 Granville Street       Vancouoer, B. C.
During January
We will hold our regular tale. This will be our seventh
January sale, and as before we will try .sad clear out ill
Fall and Winter Goods y
Our pikes will enable you lo save enough on an outfit
lo start a bank account. Hoping to see you sometime
during the month, and wishing you a Happy New Year
_c.n,pb..r» i CHAMBERS' M-H"tin'"
Clothing Men |
8t. East
BEDDING HERE APLENTY
An Immence stock of Blanket*, Pillows, Comforters, Beds. Prices right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving during the patt few days.  The c-ulmination of weeks of careful
effort, backed by our long experience.   It will pay yon to investigate.
wait* CJoesw 1-Uled Oossferters,    Yorkaklre Waol aiaaksts, llh
.'«, ■n.TSi 9*40, IMO, *jJ0O ...«.....; .03.70
■eUatoek * aW awn boute    Toraaklra Waal  aiaakets, • no.
-ran -haaa* Waal Blaakata, e te    TmtabJre"wiiei »iaailr»i'"» las.
10 lbs., pair. -W.O07n.OJS     »».TS
iMarutsei Mather Slows, pelt, «l.t* te IM0
JAMES STARK A SONS, i.TD.
_______ _        -..—n Asset! east Oatian,
Overalls
Two-piece overallsuits, specially
suitable for boys taking a course
'of manual training. Sizes 20 to
In !     o    c.-l •_  *j»a Si Made of stout blaok denim,
Price Per SUII, any SIZe $180 rut full and strongly put together.
W» AHE MEW'S  AND  BOYS' OUT TITTERS
80B-815 Hastings
Street West
CLUBB & STEWART
Honest and Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
RING   UP   SEYMOUR   2364    FOR   APPOINTMENT
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
DR BRETT ANDERSON
DENTIST
Bank ff Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Huong,
A
PRINTING
Artistic printing is our occupation. If you are preparing
a catalogue or booklet, circular or announcement or any'
other matter designed to nuke your butineuincrease, our
services will be of value to you.
Phone
Sey.
824
E.T. KINGSLEY
Labor Temple, Entrance on Homer St.
Translantic Steamship
AGENCY
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates   .
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
OKO. B. COOMBK JOHN MOB
City Tioket Agent C.P.A.
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$1 PER ACRE
TERMS; Residence on the land (or at least
two yean; improvements to the extent of $2,50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
yean, and the balance ol $lo0 (i.e. $120) in
-   3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Development of l
Many years ago England was tbe-
workshop of the world. In those" days
we did not find huge manufacturing
concerns, but found ln almost every
case the «w material brought In
from other countries and the Individual
bought such, then in their own homes
made It into the manufactured commodity and proceeded to the market
to have It exchanged for the other com-'
modules necessary for life. Those
were the days when the tanner made
tbe leather from hide in his own home,
the shoemaker made shoes In bis;
own home, tne weaver ■' sun cloth
In. his own home, etc. .  .
From records we find everybody did
not happen, to be so fortunate In his
home and the outcome being the finding of men employing other men to
produce tor them and paying them In
wages for labor performed.
As time'was going on we also find
the brain ot man developing to the
need of Invention and Improved machinery, to meet the demands of manufactured goods. For many years England bought those raw commodities
and In return sold the finished product,
but as time went on.and machinery
Introduced and Improved other nations
also began to copy its position and In
many cases we found our engineers
leaving and going to the European and
American continents. „
For many years the men engaged
In the different crafts, who were working for wages, began to consider ways
and means of protecting their labor
by having their wagee Increased and
hours of labor shortened, we find the
men organising Into unions of the different crafts, Tbe principal methods
sought by the crafts were to have as
few men employed In tbelr particular
craft by restricting a limited number
of apprentices for so many skilled men
and making the period of apprenticeship as long as possible. This worked
fairly satisfactory for a number of
years, but as improved machinery and
greater competition from other nations continued we find they were not
having the necessary Increases In
wages to meet the higher cost In living, etc.
We find the advice given b;- the men
at the beads of the various crafts* was
merely the calling of men to strike In
their particular crafts In the various
districts and having the men engaged
In the same crafts ln other districts
by means of levies, etc. pay tbe men
on strike an amount sufficient to keep
them' comfortable till the employers
had granted the conditions-asked.
Then, when the men. bad won their
point these men In that district returned to work and the men in the
other districts ln their turn asked for
similar Improved conditions, which,
usually, were granted without resorting to a strike, till the conditions had
been Improved all round In tbe crafts
engaged.
This sometimes was not too difficult as the employers ln the different
Industries had not grown to the point
where they owned anything more than
one concern and consequently they
had something to lose by those strikes
and competition between employers
did exist at that time, sometimes they
being very bitter at each other, but as
competition began to get keener between the employers themselves and
the men who were producing similar
commodities ln other countries, thus
causing a falling ln the price on tbe
markets to the sellers and the methods wblch had been adopted by tbe
unions, the outcome of such being a
formation of unionism by the employers, and In many Instances, by amalgamating their various concerns to
gether, thus making It more difficult
tor the craft unions to fight with success, as had been In the past.
The men who had been'employed
as unskilled laborers had, up to thli
point, never been really organised an!
were merely, dependent on the generosity of the employers when Increases
had been got by the skilled men ln
having their wagea raised.
This went on up to the year 1890-1,
when we flnd the trades best organised
began to Buffer repeated defeats The
trades then which had good organisations numerically and financially, were
the engineers, molders, rallwaymen.
miners, etc.
In 1890-1 the Scotch rallwaymen de-
declared a general.stoppage of work
and were defeated, principally by the
unorganised, unskilled men who were
unemployed at that period, then ln the
end of the year 1891, the engineers
who were the best organised at that
time, got notice of a threatened reduction of wages on the Tyneslde ln
the north of England. This brought
about a strike In that district and the
employers gave the Amalgamated Society of Engineers notice that In tbe
event of them raising (by levy ln other
districts) money to support the men
on strike, a general lockout all over
the country would be declared.
' From the year 1896 onward the unions in Britain, believing they oculd
strengthen their position materially
by linking the various unions together,
formed and strengthened an organise,
tlon kown as the Federation of Trade
Unions. Many of the large unions
tolneii this new organization, as It
looked strong by name, but when It
had been tested ln the critical periods
from 1898 onwards It did not prove to
be a success, as It had not added In
strength of numbers In any way, only
linking In a sympathetic way during
the time of disputes, Then when It
came to holding conventions the business done was merely a duplication of
tbe business done by the British
Trades Union Congress, this organisation being much the same nature as
the American Federation of Labor.
The men in the various unions be-
,«!an to see that too many organisations
were In existence and tbe personnel
In each case was nearly the same and
the business likewise, the result being
the death In a slow way of the Federation of Trades unions.
This was taken as bluff on the part
of the employers, and the men's union
Immediately ordered a levy to be
raised by the men working, and tbe
outcome was a general lock out. The
lock out lasted for nearly twenty-six
weeks, and after the yhole of the
money of the Engineers had been ex
hausted, and also monies subscribed
from other unions, they returned ln
defeat. This was the defeat of the
largest and most aristocratic of trade
unions, and was regarded by the employers as the defeat of trade unionism. Then In the latter part of the
same year the molders In Scotland
were forced to make a strike also
against a threatened reduction ln
wages When the strike hook place,
owing to the large number of men
wbo worked as molders' laborers,
and these men having previously
wanted to join the molders' union,
and having been met with the refusal
owing to tbem not being skilled artl-
id
'
:jS'Kj
ef Va
Witk
sans, tb
find wc
was not
Thee
and em
ers beci
the she
as man
the mei
at a !
pleased
as unloi
Then
the yes
were th
had In
Midland
land) li
teen to
standlni
came ta
disputei
18>0 to
power, i
organist
tlcular
as an e
latter ei
tlon of l
trlcts w
the fori
as the I
object t
unions I
till the
took pli
mostly :
tbat lt
the wor
being p
Taff Val
only tc
money I
waymen
hlblted
picket d
In the
ernment
strikes '
reported
T. Tomi
O. H. Li
W. Swa
A. B. Dl
A. Bona
D. McKi
The si
servatlvi
celved fi
retain tl
Munlc:
place ln
made ei
ties wen
stances
beat tbe
There
ures rec
during I>
ever reci
that the
down an
It Is r
potltan I
clalism
creased i
It how c
Woodr
less vote
Bryan fc
E. V. 1
the total
Panama
Ellas I
who esca
landed It
deported,
executed
the Russ
tuted pre
Certsl
"A rec
bune edl
killed an
through
road tra
appalling
take I ss
lt an uh
unexpect
Ing year
similar II
lie be asi
figures?
above thi
year befi
that the
clal Bort
year they
the year
that agai
expected
ly appall
usual thli
peoted?
pened lai
railroad I
Justify i
ures? T
the Trlbi
do, or an
The Dall;
Printer
Ity on ai
thorough
says:
"A T.abi
Using me
nnper In
Labor ps|
•Mlh'crlbor
busineis i
an orrtlna *•;<
,m____oommMMuihWiil
m
tmi::Ai\.\.Mili —
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
Furnishings
ouse
[
See the P-rovinoe and World eaoh day  for
full  particulars
Hf 11 m now aTe"*r»s*il**K-"-»Out of town customers
it the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a> copy.     A postcard will do.*
*lie H, A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
t-pt.  F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
hale Brand
s>.        Seira»nag*««>      Endurane-«»"
VERALLS
I     o*T    osra.a-as.llas    that
beyond     quatatloxi    a
-vlli   thet^-naak  for
Tha     smart    work;
  1.  to ault you
eBSaaas.   to   ault
WADDINGTON
* OF
O U 3 A N D S
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine-  20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore'
182 Cordova w.
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST Of
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
bo-vesB and Nice Watx-m
tlasB oool weather at
raan-w-iUeaSereo-t <3or. Stnythe
        te Sey. 8745
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake  in   buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B, Cuthbertson
* COMPANY, LIMITED
S45 Hasting* W.   630 Oranvllle
•1* Hastings W.
Sb _~^_ WITH
-THE.
BUNCH
tUTNSWICK
ROOMS
FOE EXPERT       ^
WATCH
• I I
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
' CAtli AMU 8KB     i
Cxeb.G. Bigger
148   Hastings- Btreet  West
 (*Wt yens let
ft   NOME- *£&,sro"r
astin^s Street W.
'hones Seymour 3667
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Street West
Phonb Sby. 955
Direct Importers of    „
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goods Delivered Free to all  '
parts of the city
L BURNS & CO.
'Hardware and furniture
Dealers-
Carpenters' Tools Our Specially
Bargain sale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prices tbat defy competition
135-8 Cordova St East
Near Main . Phone Sey. 1679
MEETING SUN0AY
DOMINION THEATRE|
-.   Union Man
ter«
a__r
the   plaoe  to
union - made
I AX
Vas carry the largest
ssortment of union-
lade hats in   -
r
S'l'lKK
TWEED
VELOURS
 IN CANADA
der  Exclusive
OO  Hat Store
Corner  Hajstings and
Alo\>ot.t, Streets
as-fe Oas.xiam.clits.ri Retailers of
•2.00 Hats
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
Union
Tailoring
•9 When you buy your suits,
from us you are doing so. We
employ  union  workmen only.
•J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS! the BEST .
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62   HASTINGS  ST.  EAST
VANCOUVER.     B.   C.
Merely* Merchandise!
I tfonder, wneii applying MP a Job,
whether any of my comrades have
ever been given fooifbr thought when
the boss says: "I will pay you what
you are worth." The average wage-
plug thinks that sounds all right, ibut
to some o( us who know the way In
which capitalists' profits ate made, it
makes us smile grimly. We know
that labor-power Is a commodity
bought and sold on tbe industrial market of the world, just ss eggs, or
boots, or coal, floods are sold on the
average at the cost of production, and
It that is so, we know our labor-power
will be paid tor at -the same rate, but
when we realise that the wages, thai
la, the price' of the labor-power, ia
quite different to the actual worth of
lt to the capitalist, we are apt to say
things.
The working class today get back
on the average, In the form of wages,
enough to buy the necessaries that
will keep them fit to produce more
wealth for tbelr masters. In the cost
of production Is Included also enough
to enable some wage-slaves to marry
and rear up a fresh batch to be exploited.
Well, It goods are Bold on the average at tbe cost of production, that Is,
at their real value, where does the
profit come In?
. Here I want to say the law of supply and demand fix market prices,
causing a rise and fall In money
values, but average for average It
works out to goods being sold at tne
cost of production.
Now, Into the production of a commodity goes:
(1) Raw materials;
(2) Wear and tear ot plant, Including, of course, all the attendant expenses ot running the same;
(3) Labor-power.
No profit can be made out of raw
material; full value has to be paid
for it, and so into the commodity goes
tbe cost of raw material. Wear and
tear of plant produces ho fresh value,
only Its own value Is added to the
commodity. By that, 1 mean to say
lust that amount la added to eaoh
commodity that will pay ior the introduction of new plant when the old is
worn out. Now we come tb labor-
power which the wage-slave Is forced
to peddle for a living (such as tt le).
The-capitalist buys this peculiar property, and having paid for It at Ha real
value (Its cost jot production) uses it
ae long as he possibly can. he finds
that after working two hours, say, the
labor-power he has bought produces
Its own value, but he, by virtue of bis
ownership for tbe time being, keeps it
working for another eight, we will say.
Now we arrive at the point,
To the commodity being produced
has been added cost of raw materials,
cost of wear and tear of plant, and
tow is added the cost ot the labor-
power embodied therein. It this particular commodity has taken two
hours to produce, and also, as we have
supposed, two hours Is the necessary
time to produce the workert wages,
this article will, now be sold at lta
real value. Our worker, however,
having earned his wages, does not
stop, but continues applying his labor-
power for another eight hours, for
which he receives no pay whatever,
in that time four other commodities
Have been produced; these commodities, like the first oner are Bold st
their real values, that .8 their coat
of production; but the capitalist has
'not paid the worth of the labor-power
to him, although be has paid tor the
production of It. He Is therefore, enabled to make profits not by selling
commodities above their value, but at
their real value.
Competition among the capitalist
class demands ever cheaper production which sweeps the small capitalist
and petty trader Into the ranks of the
wage earner, thus causing greater
competition among the sellers of
labor power. Now appears me trust
which eliminates competition and
starts to apparently undersell any
rivals, and the point Is put forth that
the trust can rule the market and put
prices up if It wishes. If this is sq,
where does our law ot "All commodities are Bold on the average at the.
cost of production/'stand?
It stands goodi for the market Contois the trust and dot the trust the
market, for if the trust puts Its prices
high above the cost-^f production for
any length of time, It will force buyers of. that particular commodity to
use less, the sales will decrease, and
consequently profits will fall. On tbe
other hand they may undersell a competitor for a time, forcing him to sell
out or quit business, but Immediately
thlB happens, prices will rise to the
average cost of production.
In this system of barter which goes
on today, money being the medium of
exchange, the Worker exchanges his
labor power for the necessary commodities to keep him alive. The tendency of modern capital le then to decrease the necessary labor time ln tbe
production of commodities, so that
more of the worklpg day can be set
aside In which to produce proflt, and
that Is unpaid labor.
All commodities exchange with eaoh
other en the average at the cost of
production, and the thing common to
them all by which all of them are
measured, or by which their value Is
determined, Is labor power. Without
labor power being applied, no wealth
is possible. Commodities are of value
then Just to the amount of the necessary labor power embodied ln them.
Capitalists may exchange goods and
make a profitable bargain thereby, but
the trlok of besting one another has
nothing to do with the worker who,
whatever else happens, gets back on
the average but wages to the amount
that will maintain and perpetuate his
labor power, trom the surplus product
of which nil profits are made.
Comrades, our sole aim Is then to
abolish the wage system, and for a
worker not merely to get "what he
le worth" sb merchandise, but to get
all he produces. Hence we are working always, for the Social Revolution.
B.
WAGE-WORKERS' FORUM
A Credit to Union Workmanship
5c
CICAM
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Yesr
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
THE NtW "EXECUTIVE AND
-   PROPAGANDA WORK.
- Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The
study of the growth of socialist
locals, which are, In a sense, the
units, of the provincial or state
rather than national and International
organised efforts of wage slaves who
are seeking freedom from the. rule of
capital, This is interesting and Instructive to all who are part of the
socialist movement. Composed, as 'we
are, of the only UBeful—yet lowest-
social class, In human society—muscu-
larly and numerically much superior to
our^masters—even mentally—In every
respect but one, namely, how to enjoy
the things that make life worth while.
A knowledge of the new science called
socialism Is rapidly making us equal
and pre-eminent to our masters In
everyrespeot. Though race, color,, religious, national and language differences are not with us to the extent
that they used to be; still we have
them to contend with—particularly the
latter—and even those who speak the
same language are from auch widely
different parts—therefore , they aro
creatures of different Industrial, climatic and traditional environments, all
of which are but a part of the difficulties to contend with In uniting our
forces.
But, In spite of, or perhaps because
of these facts, the socialist movement
has organised locals In moat every
city, town and hamlet in the civilised
world.. I think the few features that
I am about to relate regarding English-
speaking locals wtll be equally true of
those of other languages. Just bow
long It takes us to nass through the
Utopian stage depends on how correct
and plain the nubile sneakers state the
case for socialism. We are most apt
to read and studv the literature they
express, because after hearing them It
will be easier and more interesting
than any other. Once a bunch of
slaves In any community acquires a
knowledge of the materialistic conception of history—that Is, how to account
.for historic eventB—Including how to
measure value snd the struggle ot the
classes. In proceeding to thresh everybody they come in contact with some
will be added to their ranks. AU
others will be forced to leave them
strictly alone—except when a very
noted speaker comes to that locality.
There are not many renowned speakers In the socialist movement, and besides these well-informed comrades
wl|l not tolerate any speaker that happens to become noted, in such a community other than famous orators, no
matter how worthy they may be,' cannot get an audience. Noted speakers
will not bother with rural or unorganized places, except by the assistance
they get from the well organised districts. When a number, of locals become affected In this manner: about
the same time active propaganda Is
tied up. - Then the well Informed, op
ganlsed comrade mus( either take to
studying biology, astronomy, physics,
chemistry and other sciences that are
bo closely related to sociology, or
move to fresh fields (usually at that
stage of their development they are
too philosophical to do the latter), otherwise they scrap among themselves,
or blame the general body, of which
they are a part, for hampering—anyhow not creating more active propaganda. About two years ago a number of most worthy localB ln the socialist party of- Canada arrived at the
stage above briefly sketched, producing among other abnormalities a premature convention on the Pacific coast
which only added to the confusion and
increased the burdens of the B. C. and
national executives who; volunteer
their services and Individually gave
more to finance the party organ than
the other members. Had many of
those who were most active In making
trouble been on the executive they
would have became discouraged, but
bur executive stayed with it—dope
everything to mend matters, though
personal feeling still runs high lh some
Pisces. Th^ last few months shows
healthy sighs of renewed activity.
There Is a; 'demand for even young
speakers, that is, speakers that are not
well known. In the meantime the
executive had to cease publishing the
party paper. Rather than disappoint
the subscribers, they merged It Into
this paper. •; At the election of tbe
party officials, Comrades Burrough
and Karme were the only two of the
old executive that would accept nomination. They, with six others, were
elected as field.workers. It Is necessary for me to know what Is being
done, and what they intend to do. At
headquarters, such- Information cannot
always be satisfactorily obtained, by
correspondence, so 1 traveled from Alberta to Vanoouver, B. C, to meet the
new executive. As they do not take
office until the first of the year, we
could only have an Informal meeting.
J am well pleased thtt I made the
trip. As I traveled from the Atlantic
to the Pacific, or vice versa, comrades
asked me all manner of questions
about the personnel of all the prominent members of the party that they
have not met, particularly about the
members ot the executive. For tbe
benefit of those who do not know tbe
new executive they are here named, as
follows: Jack Reld, native of Scotland; Adam Karme, Finland; J. H.
Burrows, England: H. Rahln, India; A.
Conners, Ireland; W. A. Prltohard, England; W. Cassldy, Irish descent.
Through some oversight our Lettish
comrades were not In good standing,
>nd so they could not have a member
on. the executive. No doubt tbat will
be remedied. For the benefit of the
new comrades, the B. C. executive are
also the Dominion executive. That has
been and Is yet the best we can do.
Members of both the old and new executive, as well as several other old
time comrades - ln Vancouver, expressed a desire to have the Dominion
executive moved further east. But I
do not know of any place where the
comrades want to take on such a
task.. A representative party convention would be a grand treat for the
delegates and through them a benefit to all other members, This has
been and is yet a financial Impossibility, even If they' could finance a convention, there are. as yet several other ways that Buch money could be
spent wltb greater advantage to the
movement. Organizers and speakers'
ot the west to go east and return and
comrades from the east to come west
snd return would do tar more propaganda, as well as bring about a muoh
better understanding than could a convention. One local passed a resolution urging the provincial executive to
call a convention. In the same letter
they said their local was so short Of
meney that tbey could not give even
one dollar to a fund to maintain the
party organ. If such locals would
spend their time doing propaganda Instead of annoying the exeontlve, It
would be better for all concerned. Quit
brotherhood of Carpenters
Looal Union, 1208, Brotherhood of
Carpenters, continue to meet the second, and fourth Friday of each month
in Ash Hall, corner Twentieth and
iFraser avenues.
Our meeting December 13, was fairly, well attended and a visit was paid
us by a, committee from our district
council and an all round heart to heart
talk was Indulged In pertaining to the
welfare of our organization and the
trade in general. The regular order
being disposed of, Includlung the admission of, an old time member and
active worker,, formerly ot Montreal
and Winnipeg, in the person of Bro.
Mulr by card, the members were entertained with vocal and Instrumental
selections contributed by Bros. Phillips, Fraser, Lindsay, Conacher, also
Bro. Ohishoim of Union 617. -
At our meeting of the 87th tbe usual
order of business was transacted and
two new members Initiated and our
election ot officers deterred till our
meeting on the 10th of January, when
we hope to see a good turnout of the
members.
We desire to advise non-union men
ot our trade that our Initiation fee
has been reduced to five dollars for a
time, and we hope a goodly number,
will take advantage of this, become
members, line up with us and help to
make better working conditions for
our trade., We desire also to extend
an invitation to members of 617 who
are our hear neighbors, to pay us a
visit and get acquainted.
Remember our meeting night, every
second and fourth t rlday, 8 p. m., Ash
Hall, Twentieth and Fraser avenues.
Olve us a call. 0. W. W.
INTERNATIONAL LABOR DAY
The last act before adjournment of
the British Labor Congress, held In
Newport, Wales, was****} pass a resolution for observing May 1 at Labor Day,
thus falling In line with all ether Euro'-
pean countries.
In view of this action on the part of
Organised Labor In Oreat Britain, the
following article, by Kaspar Bauer, Is
interesting:
One Labor Day.
livery year has two labor days. One
of them makes the tyrants ot all Europe tremble. One, which the robber
class of the earth fears and dtea.ls and
prepare—annually—to meet with a
mailed fist. A day., when the Infantry
of every European city stands nervous
and apprehensive, with loaded musket
ready for Instant action. A day, when
in Germany, Russia or France, Italy
or Spain, the cavalry horse wiilts sad-
died and bridled, and murderous artillery Is stationed at every vantage
point. A day when the capitalist Trinity: Infantry. Cavalry and Artillery,
shows its teeth in token ot what It
will resort to In meeting the rislug
working class cry ot Solidarity, Liberty
and Fraternity. A day when the workers by the hundreds of thoussads come
together beneath the International
banner of Labor, keeping step 'o the
Marsellalse. -Parades that .leem cid-
less! Then to meet,In halls or parks
to hear their Ideals voiced hy earnest,
eager men.     .
And the Ideal? Everywhere In every
country across the ocean—Freedom
from Wage Slavery; the Rule of the
Working Class; Peace and Plenty for
all workers!
Thst Is the International Labor Day.
That Is the First ot May. .That Labor
Day—a day when Labor gathers and
marshals Its forces both as a protest
and a prophecy—was gained as the
result of much sacrifice. Rulers do not
like workers to come together en
masse, especially when that mass is
quickened by the Ideal of the ages.
Anything is apt to happen when such
masses gather.
The international Labor Day was
forced from the European capitalists
to hold sacred by the workers ss a lay
of universal rejoicing in anticipation of
Labor's freedom. And when one sees
or reads of the thousands of workers
marching in orderly parade—unarmed,
carrying high Labor's motto and flag-
there is born both an inspiration and a
confidence. We feel that we can and
will break the chains that bind us.
The Other Labor Day.
For business sagacity give me the
American capitalist. Every bit as merciless and brutal as .his crowned or
titled compatriot across the-sea; yet
does he differ from him ln many ways.
He knows that a man appreciates that
which he struggled and fought for,
whether tbe thing itself Is worth it or
not
He knows the value of the struggle,
He also knows that If s man wants s
thing very badly, and thlnke he cannot
have It, he will raise an awful row to
get lt. And rows of that sort are educational. But If the thing he thought
he wanted and thought he could not
have, Ib given to him before, he ever
even asked for It, nine chances out of
ten, he'll never look at It or use It
when he gets It. And, again, whether
the thing is worth anything or not
So, does Labor on this continent
w«nt a "Labor Day?" Sure, says Mr.
Capitalist, here lt la. And lt was even
so. State after state set aside a day
as "Ubor Day." And Labor, seeing Itself "recognised," felt proud of Itself,
yawned snd went to sleep, and it is
taking many a hard prod to make our
Giant realise that a Labor Day without
an aim or purpose or Ideal Is Just about
the most melancholy day of the year.
But the dawn Is breaking every-
where, and it won't be long until Labor's host, here as elsewhere, will keep
Its Labor Day, not merely aa a day tor
merry-making, eating and drinking, but
a day of high resolve and noble purpose, a day foreshadowing the time
when Labor's fetters will be broken
and scattered, and universal well being
Bhall reign In a happy land.
Briefs from Ouelph, Ont.
The labor movement tn the Royal
City Is steadily on the Increase, as
shown by the Increased membership of
the different locals. Since the convention of last September the working
class is beginning to realize that there
Ib something ln It tor the tollers.
The carpenters have been busy In
getting the workman In their craft Into
line and prospects look bright tor a
bumper, local and another successful
year. The Federal Labor Union mem.
ters are taking more active Interest ln
their, local and are adding new members every meeting night. The Iron
molders are still doing business at. the
same old place and are one of the
strongest locals In the city. The print,
ers are rlgiit en the Jon, every shop
washing dirty linen and remember We
past, so as to avoid pitfalls ln the future. Let us resolve to give the new
executive all the assistance we possibly can to make the S. P. of C. what
tt could he It we were worthy members. 0. M. O'BRIEN.
Tifirfe
Agents
Wanted
Throughout Canada to sell
Vancouver Real Estate and
British Columbia. Acreage
References given and required.   Liberal commissions.
W.W. LEFEAUX
> Labor Temple Building
Dununuir Street Vancouver, B. C.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417. Granville Btreet, Phone 3823
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL *
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE   TREET "
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
YOUR W I N TE R SUIT
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to eject from
FRED PERRY ™". **!_* Tajlor
.  " Career Homer and Duumuir Sum*
hate the «lf,hthour rlav ami the union
label In the bargain. The bricklayer*
and mesons are strong, fifty cents an
hour and eight hours a day. They
have ninety-live per cent of their craft
into line. The wine clerks' and barbers are ln good shape with the exception of one hotel all displaying the
union card. The weavers, since their
disastrous. strike in 1808, have made
wonderful progress and are stronger
now than any time In. their history.
The local held a grand smoking concert on November, 8th, which was a
howling, success from every standpoint, and another will be held in the
near future,:. The piano aad organ
workere are workers trom the word go,
as they know the benefits that are to
be had through organisation, but still
there is a lot of work to be done In]
organising the different crafts which i
are unorganised, but I hope to be able
to succeed in this respect some* time
ln tbe future. The tradea council, I un-.
derstand, will In the New Year; lay'
plans to try to raise funds tor the
building of a labor temple and If our
eiforts arc. successful It will mark
another page in history for organised
labor. W. B. P.
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Norses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
(48 Hornby St.    Phone Sey. 788
Berry Bros.
Assets for Cleveland Cycles,
"The aieraia with the ■afterlim"
Pull Una of accsssorias
Repair* promptly executed -
sit autnrniM n. m
Ask Your
BARBER
For
RUBIO
AFTER A SHAVE
' eh_—
mew
When your Grocery Bill
comes due, why not
pay it to yourself?
Did you ever think of the tremendous difference
it would make to you, were you on the other side of
the cash register when pay-day comes round!
Perhaps you did, but you immediately concluded
there was no use—the more yon thought about it the
more disgusted you became.
With beef-steak rapidly climbing into the realm
of luxuries, and wages remaining practically stationary) the butcher bill is even worse, than the grocers.
Still, the butcher and tho grocer can't help it.
Neither can the baker. Some of them are' failing
every day.' They are all competing against one
another, wasting time, money and energy—and you
pay the bills.
Some of the people in Vancouver have become
tired of it.  They have organized themselves into an
association which is already supplying them and
others with groceries and will soon supply them with
•   ull other household necessities.
Their store in here in .the Labor Temple. Wage
and salary earners entirely own and control-it,
Whatever profits are, made are given back to them
in the shape of either yearly dividends or monthly
rebates, or both.
In this way when they pay their grocery hills
they are really taking the money out of their pocket
with one band and putting it in the cash register .
with the other.
. When we get fully organized and secure larger
store space it is our intention to branoh out into
meats, hardware, clothing, furniture, in fact everything needed in the house.
How about yourself f   Which side of the cash
register are you on!  If you persist on being on the
wrong side of course we cannot interest you, but you
should at least investigate this, and see how easy it .
will be for you to change your position.
Try us for groceries. Our stock is fresh and
pure. Service courteous, delivery prompt,' Use the
telephone, Np left-over, worn-out stoofcat eye-oatch-
ing prices,-but pure-food articles at prices as low as.
elsewhere, or lower. Information gladly given any
,time.' '   ' "   .
LABOR TEMPLE       419 D0N8MUIE ST..
PHONE SEYMOUR ««0.
COOPERATIVE STORES
419 Dunsmuir St.
LIMITED
Vanoouver, Can.
"Watch Us Grow"
USs-a
A
-_:J]

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