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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 20, 1912

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERA
'. INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B.C. FEDERATION. OF LABOR.
.FIFTH YEAR.     NO. 89. No. 699. Watch your address label,
VANCOUVER, B. C.,»RH)AY, DECEMBER 20, 1912;
WILL MEET AT NELSON ON JAN. 8
District 6 ot the Western Federation ot "Miners, with Jurisdiction over
all tha metallferous miners, and men
employed ln and about the mines and
Smelters ot British Columbia, will hold
lta fifteenth annual convention at Nelson, aou racing January 8. The
"call," iJ? tsued by Sec.-Treas. Shilland, Si / m, gives a fairly good Ides
of the 3> k ahead of the convention,
and re |   as follows:
3* 'e of District Association,
,'S No. J, W.F.M,
- andon, B.C., Dec. 9th, 1912.
To £*   Membership of Looal No. —
T .P.1I. <
Df 9 'Irs snd Bros.—You are hereby
notl* that the fifteenth annual con-
ven . of District Association No. 6
of Western Federation of Miners
will lid held In Nelson, at 9 a.m„ on
Wednesday, January 8, IMS.
Under the terms of Sec. 8, Art II.
of the District constitution and bylaws
it Is provided that when practicable
the date of the district convention shall
depend on the assembling of the provincial legislature. No proclamation
having been Issued so far, nor any information available as to Its probable
convening, it was deemed advisable to
hold our convention at such a date as
would make It convenient for any delegates selected by his Local to attend
the convention of the B.C. Federation
of Labor, or auch delegates as the District convention may see It to select
to go direct from our District convention to the coast.    -
The B.O. Federation of Labor con-
ventlon will be held In Victoria oh
January 13. Although nothing definite
Is sb fsr known ln this connection, lt
is probable that the provincial legislature wtll convene while the B.C. Federation of Labor convention Is ln session.
Local unions of the District are entitled to representation at the convention of the B.C. Federation of Labor,
aside from such delegates aa the District convention may choose to send.
The B.C. Federation of Labor—contrary to the method adopted by this
yearly report that each Local Is re-a
quired tb make to the Federation will
be sufficient.
This matter Is of considerable importance in that it will enable your representative on any Board of Conciliation that Is, or may be, appointed, to
show that organised labor Is performing a beneficlent bfflce In looking after
lta sick and injured, and burying lta
dead,
■ It a local union has any matter ot
Immportance that It ia their Intention
to present to the convention, I would
draw attention to Sec. 5 of Art; III. of
the District constitution. If such
Local will send me such resolutions
or their subject matter, as they Intend
to bring up, I will send the same to
the other local unlona, ln order that
all of the delegates may have an opportunity of learning the wishes of
their Local on the matters that will
come up for discussion.
I enolose credential certificates that
I believe will be sufficient for your
needs. The basla of representation at
the District convention is, aa set forth
In Sec. 1 of Art. I. of the constitution, a delegate for each one hundred
members in good standing, or fractional part thereof. If I have not sent
enough certificates, wire me colleot,
and I will remedy the detect It 1
have Bent too many, please return
the overplus.
Have your delegates to the conven-
,'Jon ask their FSspeof-lve selling
tloket agents for receipts in standard
form.. Steps will be. taken to secure
reduced transportation for delegates,
or members ln good standing of the
Federation who may deaire to attend
the convention. In order to profit by
such probable reduction, these receipts
In standard form are essential,
Yours Fraternally,
A! SHILLAND,"
Secretary-Treasurer.
While on the subject of miners'
affairs, Tbe Federatlonist herewith
prints ln full a recent application
made by District 6 to the Department
ARTHUR K. KOBB.       .
PrwIdent-eleet of Vancouver Typo. Vnloa,
No. 226.
District-does hot pay the travelling i of Labor at Ottawa for a board of In-
expenses of delegates attending their
convention,"
r would suggest that you keep these
points.In view when selecting your
delegate to the district convention.
One matter of vital Importance that
will claim the attention of the delegates In attendance at the District convention is the present agitation for an
Increase In wages, and In,view of US
intimate reldton to every wage-worker
n this Jurisdiction; your .executive
board earnestly advise that each local
union make a special effort to he represented at our convention, aa fully
w tbelr circumstances will permit
To such Locals aa have been making
regular, quarterly reports to the District office. I would suggest that they
hurry up their current report and to
those Locals that have been dilatory
In this regard I would suggest that
they let me have all statistical Information possible relative to their present numerical strength, the conditions obtaining ln their vtcinty, and
the amount of oompensaton they have
heen able to collect, or expect to col'
lect from pending negotiations or lltl
gatlon
qulry, prior to the general adoption of
a wage Increase In those parts of the
province where not already conceded.
The application Is printed not so much
as a matter of lta news value aa to
give other members of organised labor
In the province a line on how to proceed when a federal board of Inquiry
Is deemed advisable. With changes
to suit the. case the same form will fill
the requirements In most Instances:
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR,
CANADA.
The Industrial Disputes Investigation
Act 1907.
Form ef Application for Appointment
of a Board of Conciliation and
Investigation..
Sandon, B.C., Nov. 26,1912.
To the Registrar,
Boards ot Conciliation and
Investigation, .
Department of Labour,
Ottawa.
The undersigned hereby makes application to the Minister of Labor for
the appointment of a' Board of Conciliation and Investigation under the
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act,
If all of the Locals will send me a -W07i to wnlch a <"«P»te between the
summary of their financial transac- parties named ln the accompanying
tlons for the year dealing with sick statement may be referred under the
arid funeral benefits, compensation, provisions of the said Act, and submits
etc., I will endeavor to tabulate the the atatement and statutory declare-
data, so that each Local may know tion prescribed under the Act as neces-
how its neighbors are progressing, and «sry in making such application,
perhaps profit from whatever of virtue (a) STATEMENT,
there may be In the administration ot    Locality of lspute: Slocan and Alne-
the business of any particular Local,     worth   Mining   Divisions,   Kootenay,
For  this  purpose  a copy of the B.C.
"Invietus
Shoes'9
for men-are
leather all
through
SOME makers of oheap shoes olaim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles. If they do it's
oertainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you evero routine the sole of
cheap shoes? If you did, the oolor was apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
- Did you observe what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearanoe the leather had?' Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The soles of Inviotus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather,
There's no better grade made—a fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out. We have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
I $5% to $7^
FOR SALE AT THE
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER Of GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
Trade or Industry: Metalliferous
mining.
The Parties to the Dispute—
(■1) Employer: Luck Jim Zinc Mines,
Ltd., Rambler-Cariboo Mines, Surprise
Mine; Hope Mine, Noble Five Mines,
Richmond-Eureka Mines, and Idaho-
Alamo Mines.
(2) Employees: Sandon Miners'
Union No. 81, Western Federation of
Miners, the membership of which is
employed in various capacities in and
around the mines and mills operating
In this vlclnty.
Approximate estimate of number ot
employees affected or likely to be affected:—Directly: Males, 21 years or
over, 210; males, under 21, nil; females, nil; total, 210. Indirectly: 90.
Nature and cause of dispute, including claims and demands by either
party upon the other to which exception Is taken:—The cause of dispute Is
a demand on the part of the employees
tor an Increase in wages, averaging
fifty cents per day per capita, which
demand is more specifically set forth
tn the attached schedule, "District
Wage Scale," and further explained
tn correspondence marked "Exhibit
A."
Outline of efforts made by parties
concerned to adjust the dispute:—In
conformity with Section No. 57 of the
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act
1907, which provides that: "Employers
and employees shall give at least
thirty days notice of an intended
change affecting conditions of employment with respect to wages or hours"
—a copy of the enclosed communication, together with the other data mentioned therein, and marked Exhibit
(A), was forwarded by register and
regular mall to the several mine operators In the Jurisdiction of Sandon
Miners' Union. The receipt ot this
communication has not been acknowledged, nor have any overtures looking toward a settlement been made by
any ot the companies so addressed, excepting that the Richmond-Eureka
Mine posted a notice on that property
granting an increase ln wages of fifteen cents per day to miners and
twenty-five cents per day to muckers
or carmen.
Person recommended as member on
Board of Conciliation and Investigation:—Name in full: John E. Smith,
Coal Creek, Fernle, B.C.
this- application Is made on behalf
of the employees.
Signature of parties making application:—James R. McMillan, Vice-president, Sandon, B.C.; Anthony Shilland,
Financial Secretary, Sandon, B.C.
Authority:—At a special meeting of
Sandon Miners' Union-No. 81, W.F.M.,
held on Saturday, November 9th, 1912,
a resolution waa unanimously adopted
authorising the above officers to make
application to the Department of Labour at Ottawa for the appointment
of a Board of Conciliation and Investigation under the Industrial Disputes
Investigation Act, 1907.
(b) Statutory Declaration.
Canada: Province of B.C., County of
Kootenay, to wit: I, James R. McMillan, of tbe City ot Sandon, in the Province of British Columbia, and I,
Anthony Shilland, of the City of Sandon, in the Province of British Columbia, do severally solemnly declare as
follows, that Ib to say: that, to the
best of our knowledge and belief, falling an adjustment of the dispute herein reerred to, or a reference thereof
by the Minister of Labour to a Board
ot Conciliation and Investigation
under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, 1907, a strike will be declared, and that the necessary authority to declare such strike has been obtained; that the-dispute has been the
subject of negotiations between the
committee and the employers, that all
efforts to obtain a satisfactory settlement have failed, and tbat mere la no
reasonable hope of securing a settlement by further negotiations.
And we make this solemn declaration conscientiously believing It to be
true, and knowing that It Is of the
same force and effect as If made under
oath, and by virtue of the Canada Evidence Act
Signed.
JAMES R. MCMILLAN,
Vice-President.
ANTHONY SHILLAND,
Financial Secretary.
Declared by the said James R. McMillan and Anthony ShSUland before
me at Sandon, in the County of Kootenay this 26th day of November, A.D.
1912—W. J. Parham, J.P.
Leather Workers' Union.
The Amalgamated Leather Workers'
Union of America has Just Issued a
charter to a local union ot tanners In
St Johns, Newfoundland. The new
organisation starts out with a good
sized charter'list
Redistribution Measure.
Premier McBride baa announced
that there will be; no redistribution
measure introduced at the coming session of the provincial legislature, but
that before the next appeal to the
country such a measure will be passed.
The Bakery Workers.'
The Bakery Workers ask you tor
your assistance when buying bread;
to see that the union label stands aa
a guarantee that the best ot sanitary
conditions prevail • and that decent
wages and hours are maintained ln
these plants using the label, thereby
protecting the public as well as the
bakery worker.    '■< ■
The Bakery Workers of Vancouver
are asking you for this assistance ln
order to maintain their union; and If
you do your duty and buy only bread
tha beara tbls label our fight will be
somewhat easier against the non-union
shops.
Barbers, Local 120.
The members ot Vancouver Local of
the Journeymen Bkrbers' International
Union, No. 180, hate made a. little Innovation by fifteen volunteers making
a tour of the various civic children's
orphan homes and cutting their hair
gratis, aa a sort of Christmas box.
The participants have already visited
two of the institutions, arid received
Such a hearty welcome by the children
and those In charge of them that the
tonsorlal artists declare they got more
good out of lt than the children. As
a sample ot "something different," The
Fed., passes it up'.to other Barbers'
unions of the Dominion.
»L0eATE4B
THE UNITED SUPPORT OF ORGANIZED
LABOR WILL WIN FOR COAL MINERS
OS
TEMPLE
G WEEK
Sunday, Dec. 82.—Nil.
Monday, Dec. 23—Glass Workers, Lathers, Waitresses, Electrical Workers,: 213; Brotherhood of Carpenters, Amalgamated Engineers. 'Aggregate Meeting Amal. Carpenters.
Tuesday, Dec, 24.—Sign Painters; Shinglers; Amal. Carpenters; Stone Cutters; Bricklayers, j-
Wednesday, Deo. 25.—Cement
Workera; Marble Cutters; Metal
Trades Council; Amal. Car
penters; Street Railwayman;.
Plumbers; Steam Engineers.
Thursday, Dec. 26.—Garment
Workers; Horseshoers; Marble,
Cutters' Helpers; Painters;
Sheet Metal Workers; Machinists.
Friday, Dec 27—Structural
Iron Workers; Parliamentary
Committee; Cooks; Floor Layers.
Saturday, Dec. 28.—Bakers.
— 	
District Meet ef tTattod Mae Workers
of Ansstea sad a vtM-prestarat of
a. a -roaentta of XAber, with besd-
qusrters at Msysmitti, r. x.
district 6. w„r. or Bt,
SECURE ADVICE AS TO
WAGE* NON-PAYMENT
Vexatious   Question   of   Millers
Wait-tig* for Wag** Doe Subject for District Convention
Next Month.
District 6 ot the Western Federation of Miners, with headquarters at
Sandon, has decided to investigate tbe
question of non-payment of wages due,
and see what can be done for its affiliated membership.
In presenting the case to their solicitor, Alexander MacNeil, of Fernle,
Secretary-Treasurer A. Shilland, on behalf of the membership, says:
A condition of affairs has, particularly of late years, arisen in this Jurisdiction, where men are dismissed from
their employment and compelled to
wait for several days for wages due
them. I need hardly point out the
hardship this Inflicts upon a man who
may have a home In another town,
where he may desire to live during his
period of Idleness; or the expense that
it Is to any man to have to hang
around some locality where employment Is scarce, awaiting the payment
of his wages, when,'had the latter
been paid promptly he might have
been successful ln getting work at
some other point. ... I have frequently heard It so stated that a man
so treated can recover from such delinquent compensation for the time
during which his wages have been unduly retained. Whether this principle
is law or mythology I do not know,
but as aeeretary of the District this
matter has heen referred to me, and I
would like to have you look Into the
matter and let me have the benefit ot
your opinion In this connection. An
opinion in extenso Is not essential, but
I would like to have one of such
ileflnlteness that I may print It for clr-
The following Is an additional list
of unions whioh have responded to the
call of the B.C. Federation ot Labor
for funds to assist the miners on
strike at Cumberland and Ladysmlth,
Vancouver Island:
Previously acknowledged .... 1442.00
Horseshoers' Union, Vancouver 10.00
Barbers' Union, Vancouver,.. 10.00
Electrical  Workers,  No.  344
Prince Rupert -.'.    25.00
Stone    Cutters'   Association,
Vancouver        4.00
Pressmen's Union, Victoria... 32.50
Railway' Carmen, Vancouver.. 6,00
St. Railway Employees' Union,
Vancouver       50.00
Klmberley Miners' Union, No,
100, W. F. of M..      50.00
Total to date ....    623.60
A meeting under the auspices of the
U. M. W. of A, was held In the Opera
House at Vancouver, Sunday night,
Arthur Jordan presiding.
Objection was taken by Robert Geo.
Foster to the figures appearing In the
local papers ot tne output at Cumberland. These were erroneous. Only
five scows left there this week, the
dally working only amounting to
600 tons. Reports circulated about
troublesome miners were false and
gotten up. Chief David Stephenson
had wired for the provincial police on
the excuse afforded by having .trouble
with one man on the sidewalk. He
had tried to get the true facte ot the
strike Into the local press, but the
reports were so blue pencilled and
garbled by those In charge, he had
given up supplying information. The
position at Ladysmlth and Cumberland was that" there was as much
chance of winning as ever. The U. M.
W. cf A. had offered every Inducement
to settle the crisis amicably by submitting their miners' grievances to
any committee or commission which
the Premier might appoint, but all to
no avail.
Mr. Foster censured the writer of a
Toronto Civic Elections.
Western unionists are Interested ln
the result of the Toronto municipal
elections, to take place on January 1.
James Simpson Is a candidate for the
board of control, with bright prospects
of making way with election. Fred.
Bancroft, vice-president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, Is a
candidate for the board of education,
and a number of other unionists are
In the field.   May they all win,
Building Trades Department.
The building tradea department,
which has derived its funds from a
1-2 cent per member per month per
capita tax, at the Rochester convention reduced this per capita tax to 1-3
ot 1 cent per member per month.
This action was taken: pursuant to
the fact that it was found that the
revenue produced by the reduced per
capita tax would produce sufficient
funds to conduct the operations of the
department The primary reason for
the reduction tn per capita tax was
the large Increase In membership.
Barbers' Union, No. 120
Local 120 of the Journeymen Bar-
here' International Union of America,
at their last regular meeting ln Room
210, Labor Temple, spent a goodly portion of the evening's session In the
election of officers for the ensuing
term, which resulted as follows:
Presldent-C. Hald.
Vice-President—Geo. Wilson.
Financial Secretary—C. F. Burkhart!
Recorder—Geo. Isaacs.
Treasurer—C. Herrltt.
Guardian—Wm. Goodman.
Guide—H. A. Knickerbocker.
•letter appearing In the Free Press
I under the nori de plume "Nanalmo
Citlsen," throwing discredit on the
U. M. W. of A., tbe speaker observing
that the communication came at a
most untimely moment, Just when a
collection wu being taken to brighten
the Christmas ot the children at
Ladysmlth and Cumberland, victims
ot the strike. The U. M. W. of A.
were, snd had always been, willing to
meet sny representative of the Canadian Collieries Company, from the
commencement of the trouble.
Arthur Jordan said that at Vancouver some days ago the employment
bureaus were placarding a demand for
miners at Cumberland at (3.60 a day,
"ho strike there," which Information
was misleading and deceiving those
seeking work.
Robert Harland, ot executive hoard,
No. 10, drew attention to the necessity ot organisation.
Mr.   Farrington,  of the executive
hoard of Illinois, and representing
President White In B.C., gave a brief
history of the good work the U. M. W.
of A. Is accomplishing for the workers.
In 1897 the membership was 9,000, today lt is 870,000.   In tbe course of
his remarks he said with the opening
of the Panama Canal the sudlence
might expect sn influx of alien Immigration Into America aid Canada, ud
much of this would be Asiatic.    The'
steamship  owners  were  competing
with one another aa to holding out
rosy accounts of the money to be
made.  When the men frost. Southern
Europe were fetched ont they would
enter the mines, or clear the timber,
and If tbe present workers were not
organised and could offer no resistance to the cheap labor, they might
be prepared for being reduced to the
low standard of living of the newcomers, U the latter were not compelled   to   be   members of trades
unions.  If, as at present the worker
depended  upon the   generosity  or
whimsicality of his boss, then" the latter was* a mighty poor keeper.    They
would always meet organised opposition from the masters, who had behind them the churches, the capitalists and the big Interests, whose one
sole Idea was to get more dividends.
In  the name  of  God, the speaker
asked, by what right they owned the
mines and the minerals therein, and
waa the flesh and bone ot the underground worker hot to be considered?
Was the mission of the miner only to
tatter out his brains below?  The fallacy that the U. M. W. ot A. fostered
or sought strikes was a pure fallacy
rotten up by those who loathed the.
Idea of the workmen being organised
for their mutual protection.   The organisation detested strikes, but when
the employing classes, refusing to listen to amicable appeals for conciliation, set their teeth at tkea, wtstt;
™uld they do hnt defend themselves?
U Cumberland and U. M. W. of A. recognized the Justice of the strikers'
cause, and the former had used every
effort these three montbs to effect s
settlement    They had shown a willingness at all times to meet whomsoever the company might appoint to
discuss matters, they had appealed to
the provincial government and the
premier.     The result bad been nil.
Mr. Farrington  stated   that (100,000
Had been distributed ln .Ladysmlth and
Cumberland In strike pay, and so long
as   their  organisation   lasted  they
would support the miners ln both
places until their legitimate demands
were satisfied.     It waa up  to  the
mlher, and Indeed to every manual
laborer, to be in a union, a duty he
owed to himself, his home and his
family.
The speaker referred also to the
letter signed "Nanalmo Citlsen," and
presumed the writer was one of those
men too thick in the head to see why
men should organise, and In criticizing the U. M. W. of A., Mr Farrington said their actions were above
board. It was an attempt to throw
discredit on the organisation. The
audience knew what the U. M. W. of
A. had done for the Christmas fund,
nnd he would like to compare their
work with that achieved by outsiders.
Tbey would not accept a red cent
'rem the writer for auch a charitable
and humane cause aa the Santa Claus
fund, which permitted the kiddles to
have a few toys on their Christmas
trees. The miners should flnd out
from the editor of the Free Press who
the writer wss, thst they might return
the latter's donation.
After an appeal to tbe miners on
Vancouver Island to Join their forces
the meeting adjourned.
.... , .... During the meeting we received a
eolation among the local unions of the; pleasant visit from representatives of
*""'"'"' the Cooks'   and Waitresses' unions,
District"
Solicitor MacNell's reply Is as follows: "Re Workmen's Wages: An employee who has beon discharged cannot recover wages for the time he
losses whilst awaiting payment ot the
amount due him up to the time ot his
discharge, but If he has been die-
charged wrongfully and without cause
or notice, he can recover damages for
the loas sustained by bim by reason of
such wrongful dismissal. We cannot
give an opinion offhand as to the,
amount of damages a workman who
has been discharged wrongfully can
recover, for that is a question to he
decided by the court. If a workman
Is employed at a day wage, the damages would be the wages which he
would have earned bad he been given
the proper notice, but where the wage
of tbe workman ts not a day wage, It
Is a little more difficult to say what
damages would be assessed. It would
depend a great deal upon the time It
would have taken him to obtain em-
ployment had he started out to flnd
other employment Immediately upon
being discharged. But nothing would
be allowed him for the time he spent
trying to obtain from the employer
the wages which he had earned up to
the time of the discharge.
asking that we, as union men, should
patronize restaurants where a Union
Shop Card was displayed; also to look
tor the working card and button.
Local 120 also voted 825 to the strlk-
jlng con I miners of Vancouver Island,
and while we were at It decided to purchase 50 more shares ln the Labor:
Temple Co.
The Barbers' Union Is thriving, and
Is plan for the complete organization of
the city Is on foot for the coming
year. Watch the Barbers' Union Crow!
B, c. F. of I,. Convention Hallway
Fares.
Delegates to the forthcoming convention of the B. C. Federation ot Labor at Victoria should remem'ber to
secure railway certificates, paying
their fare one way and thus make possible the usual rates given, upon signature of the secretary of the convention. Thirty of these will be required
to secure the special rate of fare and
a third.
Typo. Union Election.
election of officers for the ensuing
term took place at Labor Temple on
Wednesday of Typo. Union No. 226.
with the following result:
President—A. E. Rb'bb,
Vice-president—A. H. England.
Secretary-troasiirer—K. H. Neelands.
Executive committee—E. K.irkimt-
rlck, W. C. Metsger. H. Moiuitstcjihen,
J. E. Wilton, W. H. Youhill.
Audit committee—W; C. Jones, E.
Trumper, N. Wllllnms.
Trustees—George Wllby, H. C. Ben-
eon, W. It. Trotter.
Sergeant-at-arms—C, Proskc.
Delegates to B. C. Federation of Labor—-H. Neolunri's, H. O. Benson. H. P.
Pettipiece, W. It. Trotter.
Sick committee—w. Allinson, N.
Wllllnms, G. Fleetwood, fi. E. Phillips.
N. Mason.
Dclegntes to the Trades and Labor
Council—H. C. Benson, G. Bartley, W.
R. Trotter, J. Rankin, R. P. Pettlplece,
A. F. Reld.
Building Trades Meeting.
A meeting of the Federated Bulla-
ing Trades Counoll will 'be held at Labor Temple on Friday, Dec. 27. Every
delegate Is expected to be present.
LADYSMITH, VX, Dec. 18,-Ws ar*
confident of winning the struggle,
though the situation is unchanged so
far as outward appearances go, bit to'
those ln the know things an breaking our way. We are going to give tbe
children a good time hers Christ-ass;
have |<00 collected tor tbat purpose.
The locked-out misers sag tbelr
wives and daughters participate la •
social dance every Thursday evening,
and we will hold • masquerade ball on
Dee, to. A reference In a previous Issue ot Tbo Fed. to Jas. Oleasoa sbsaM
have read Jas. Glenn. We desire to
express our thanks and appreciation to
tbe B. C. Federation of Ubor for the
splendid aid II has been tastrnsseatal
In giving us, through Its ■IfM'trd
unions throughout the province, during
these stirring times. We appreciate
the odda we are pitted against tat
we understand the pries ot anything
that partakes ot Industrial freedom,
and we are prepared to go tbe limit
to win out on thli occasion.
VICTORIA, B.C., Dee. 1S.-U Is understood Mr. "John Jardlne, Viacoo-
ver Island's representative upon the
recently gasetted Royal Conuatssloa
on Labor, Is strenuously argiag ttat
that body' lose no Ume ln
Cumberland, the centre' of prosit i
content seriously affecting tbe eoal -
production Industry, with a vtsw to tbo
presentation of on Interim report
thereupon la advance ot tho meeting
ot the Legislature In January, so ttat
recommendations wltb tbo object of
satisfactorily ending the present situation may be given Immediate street
The commission Is to bold lta organ"-
satlon meeting here on tbe 18th last.
when Its plan ot procedure will bo OMV
sldered and decided upon.
Firm friends ot the admlnlstraHoa
in the directly Interested district iro
much exercised over what tbey regard
as a grave tactical blunder oa tbo part
of tbe government In dealing wltb tbo
Cumberland strike aad by not granting an Inquiry into the grievances ot'
the men when It was first applied ter,
ae thereby averting not oaly nek
suffering on the part ot tbo workers
and their families, but also proviad-
ally wide Inconvenience la a ■it-
winter shortage of coal, lad vary
serious disarrangement ot the export
trade. Instead, the policy bal been
adopted of spending trom 846,000 to
850,000 of public money la a quite unnecessary mslntensace ot a huge
police force, the prsooaoo ot which taa.
been tolly taken advantage ot by tbo
operator, to Introduce Oriental slista
breakers to tbo number ot start TH.
"The result will Inevitably be," sola
-Att'-^ritM
the government at tbe flrst opportsm-
Ity in which labor men of independent
views, Socialists, Liberals sad a good
many hitherto staunch Conservattves
will flnd common ground, and which la
every probability will lose the government and the party at least four Island
seats."—Daily World.
The mayor of Cumberland Is credited with saying that "whatever
chance the miners bad ot winning before, since they started to fly tho red
flag there Is nq hope for them at alL
The company and tbe government can
stand anything but tbat" Tbe mayor
Is sadly mistaken. The only real hope
of the miners, as well as ths rest ot
the working class, lies In organising
politically under the red flag ot labor,
and proceeding therby to sweep to
well-merited oblivion such silly mayors
as the above mentioned, as well as all
capitalist governments and tbe tools
and the tools and henchmen ot tbe
class that rules and robs.
"If the people ln the cities tar removed from the mines would only stop
to think under wbat conditions tbo
coal that keepa them warm aad comfortable Is being dug," said Mother
Jones a few weka ago, "lt they could
only realize at wbat a great cost to
human life theae black diamonds are
being brought out from within tbe
earth, they would see a tear In every
particle that composes each lump of
coal. They would, instead ot tho rod
flames, see bloodshot eyes, and la
every one of these flickers they would
see sn accusing linger pointed at tbem,
holding them responsible for the
maintenance of a system which breeds
such conditions. They would know
that every piece and every grain ot
coal Is baptized In workers' blood."
There must be 10,000 or 12,000 wage-workers
in Vancouver and vicinity who wear overalls and
shirts. We feel confident that if they only knew
the QUALITY and get-up of our OVERALLS
and SHIRTS every one of them would buy the
BUCK BRAND-made in
Vancouver—Union made-
well made—made to stand all
kinds of wear and tear-
made in a well ventilated factory, under union conditions,
with all that that implies.
The margin of profit on
BUCK BRAND is not so
large for retailers as on
cheaper sweat-shop brands; hence buyers are sometimes urged to take something "just as good." But
wage-workers who desire a DEPENDABLE
OVERALL always insist upon having the BUCK
BRAND. Ask your dealer for them.
WM. J. McM ASTER AND SONS, LIMITED.
1176 Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
______________ JPAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1860
Paid-up Capital
Reserve
Total Assets
$ 11.500,000
12,500,000
175,000.000
WE ALWW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
■'   busmen will be welcome
"   be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
THE BANK OF
VANCOUVER
■Md 08m     ■    TMeonYflr, B.C.
*
sUtkOllMd 0»pJttl 10,000,000
•abforlMd Oultt' 	
Km \t_ o»Fw...
1.1M.MO
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln It
by the people, and lt ts alwaye
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management
Tow acMnnt tstj cordially
CITY BstAMOnt
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts.
Granville St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
vllle fit
Pender  St  Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall fits.
h. W. SHATFORD,
General Manager,
W. El JARDINE,
Assistant General Manager.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO
Cspital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to .you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects.your future . welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saying. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of flnanolal strength
since the year 1855    .
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.   '
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Sheets
VANCOUVER,    .    . B.O.
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that ibis Label ii Sewed]
in the Pockets
tj II Stands (or all that Union
Labor Standi for.
SPECIALISTS IN
PRINTING
Cowan & Brookhouse
LasosTimple Phone Sey. 44S0
SSL HATS
Velours and FeltB of all oolors
CAPS and
GLOVES
—AT—
PERIARDS
185 Hastings Straet E.
THEATRE
The Home of High-Class
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
1 B.C. FEOEHAPONIST
Published weekly by The zT.-C Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 organised wage-
workers.
Issued every Friday morning.
President. Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMillan
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor K, Parm. Pettlplece
Offloet   Boom 810, -baser Temple
TsL ley. MM
Subscription:    91.00 par year;   in Van*
couver City. 91-29;   to unions subscribing ln a body, 76 cents.
YEARLY ADVERTISING RATES:
1 Inch, per Issue. TGc      90.76
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3 Inches, per Issue SOe        1.80
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6 Inches and upwards 60c        2.60
slaves as free men. "A rose by any
other name would smell as sweet/'
So would.a skunk.
While we are expending tremendous
energy In trying to prevent our condition as slaves becoming worse, lt
would appear as wisdom to not overlook the necessity of still greater effort for the purpose of bringing that
slavery to an end by wresting from the
capitalist class its control of the political and economic power of modern
society.
'Oalty ot Laboti the hope ot the worta."
OA WATCH THE LABEL ON YOUR
W PAPER. It this number Is on It
ynui- subscription aspires next Issue.
DECEMBER 20, 1912,
WHAT'S IN A NAMfct
It has been said that "a rose by
any other name would smell as sweet.
This Is equivalent to saying that lt Is
the essence ot things that counts]
rather than the particular term used
to designate them. sssoL^Z-.
Time was, In human history, and
.not so very long ago at that, when
the great bulk of the world's laboring
class was held In chains of chattel
bondage. The workers were slaves,
owned and controlled outright by (he
masters, Just the same as pigs,
chickens or dogs. The master's
power was absolute, and ae was within his rights when he exercised that
power over his slave, even to the extent of taking hia life. No matter
how brutal and arbitrary the master,
the slave had no redress within the
law. If he took matters Into his own
hands and struck a blow in his own
defence, the wrath of tbe master was
speedily visited upon him, without
scruple or mercy.
With no other standing in human
society than mere property belonging
to their masters, these old time workers for thousands of years carried
upon their shoulders the burdens of a
civilisation, the foundations of whloh
were laid In their own enslavement
and cemented with-, their blood and
sweat.
From the days ot chattel slavery
down to the present Is no far Journey.
Within the memory ot thusands now
living' human beings mere still sold
upon the auction block as merchandise, and driven under the lash like
oxen to the plough.
But now labor is free. The working
man ln sold no more upon the auction
block; no master longer holds htm
under the lawa of property. He Is,
theoretically at least, maater of himself. In some lands he is termed
sovereign, In others subject, but in
any event he is a free laborer.
The free workingmen of today does
exactly what their chattel slave predecessor did some thousands ot years
ago. They carry upon their shoulders
the burdens of a civilization in every
essential the same as that which existed when workers were chatties' and
masters were the owners thereof.
The world's Industry Is carried on
now for the same purpose as it was
in the days of the great slave empires
of the past, and that is for the con-
tinually Increasing enrichment and aggrandisement of the ruling class, the
masters of property,
-The status of the working clan ln
modern society ia that of property
only. The worker has no standing
under the law other than that of property. True; this property right Is supposed to be vested In the worker himself—that he is supposed to be owner
and master of himself. This la but
another way of asserting that he Is
free—that he Is not the property of
Some ot the anti-White Slave ex
ponents might suggest the payment of
sufficient wages to permit of girls and
women remaining independent.
The average business man or firm
of today is but a collecting agency for
the industrial pirates higher up.
The hope that something will turn
up tomorrow keeps a lot of ub over
today. In fact, the human animal Is
the most hopeful cuss on earth.
The Industrial freedom of woman,
giving her equality of opportunity, re-
numeration and franchise, will settle
more of the discords, contradictions
and subjects for modern yellow Jour-
nallsm than any other factor on the
map.
A local dally reports that the postal authorities are working overtime
to cope with the great quantities of
letters, postal cars and parcels which
are deluging the Vancouver post office." ThlB Is the first time on record
that the Letter Carriers and Clerks
have been referred to as the "authorities."
The flag-wooers who come around
election times and tell us about the
glorious Empire and what a great
blessing lt Is to be a British subject
(object), are now busily Importing
Japs and Chinamen to take the places
of the striking miners on the Island.
"What Is Bsid by employers ot labor
against, agitators is unquestionably
true. Agitators are a set of Interfering, meddling people, who oome down
to some perfectly contented class of
the community and bow the seeds of
discontent amongst them. That is the
reason why agitators are bo absolutely
necessary. Without them, in our Incomplete state, there would be no advance toward combination."
ment of two cents per member per
month fop. the payment of an annual
BuhBerlptlon te The B.C. Federatlonist,
lt would: mean a circulation of 20,000
each week-, with comparatively no expense for book-keeping and collections,
and make possible a paper that would
be a cerdlt to the organized labor
movement of the province. Each
union secretary would then supply the
names and addresses of their respective memberships; there would be no
individual subscriptions, and the Increased circulation and economy ln
collection would make it possible to
secure an eight-page weekly paper at
24 cents per year. The Idea Is ope
worthy of the consideration of the
unionists of every province ln Canada,
especially where provincial federations of labor have already been
formed.
The 'Frisco Way.
The question of an assessment of 50
cents per month on men and 25 cents
on women, to run for eight months,
was presented to the Labor Council
last Friday night by the Hall Association. The money Is needed In order
that work may be started on the new
labor temple. Voluntary investments
by the unions have not raised sufficient money, so that the plan of unions
raising lt by assessment will be tried.
—Labor Clarion.
another,
Unfortunately for himself and his
freedom, however, he cannot exist
without access to the earth's resources, through and by means ot the
instruments and processes of modern
industry. These are the property of
others, and because the workers must
have access to these things or starve,
the resources and tools ot production
thus owned become the means where-
by the owners command the services
of the workers and obtain tor themselves what the chattel slave masters
of old obtained through d.rect ownership of the slave himself.
Under the present order of things
the workers are as completely enslaved as were the chattel slaves of
6,000 years ago. Out of the product ot
their own labor the wage slaves of
today receive whatever they may be
able to get In the way of food, clothing, shelter and other creature comforts. The chattel slaves got that, and
so did their immediate successors, the
feudal serfs. No matter how great
the abundance resulting from the toll
and sweat of wage slaves, they dare
not lay a hand upon lt or avail themselves of lt without permission of
their masters, a permission that Is
granted only to the extent ot their
wages, which In turn are quite scientifically graduated to cover the cost
of the very cheapest grade of living.
The chattel slave got a similar cheap
grade of living without the bother ot
wages at all.
The size of it is that the enslaved
has to work for his master, tne latter
getting all that the slave can produce
In excess of his own actual living ex-
pense. The slave Is entitled to nothing better, and may even be forced to
accept less, without the master overstepping his property rights and privileges.
The wage slave is peculiarly at a
disadvantage as compared to the
chattel slave, for the reason that he
costs the master nothing. When a
master no longer needs the slave he
drives him trom the premises forthwith. This Is called "discharging a
hand." If the "hand" falls to find
another master who will kindly loan
him a Job he will soon be without
either food, raiment or shelter, a con-
dltlon that is strictly against the law
of this greatest Empire upon which
the sun ever shone. A slave with
neither a Job, food, raiment or shelter
becomes, legally speaking, a public
nuisance, The chattel slave cost too
much—and was therefore too valuable
an asset—to admit ot his owner allow-
Ing him to sink to the level of garbage
and ordure.
Slavery Is a curse. It is the parent
of all crimes, a prolific mother of a
vile and numerous brood, a reeking
stench In the nostrils of decency. The
vile stench of slavery is neither lessened or changed by designating the
One brand of Direct Action that Is
not overworked is rustling subscribers
for the Labor press. The Militant
Minority are those who do the work
that the fellow never ceases grouching
about. Sabotage is accepting an< increase in wages that- tbe union secured, and ataylng outside. Progressives are generally mental dyspeptics.
Unionists are the men who keep right
on doing spade work while oh-what's-
the-use critics bellyache.
"Who wbb or Is the greatest woman
ln all history?" Two hundred girls
answered the query, and with enthusiasm and unanimity the Judges awarded the prise to one who made thie
reply; "The wife of the working man
of moderate means who does her own
cooking, washing, ironing, sewing,
brings up a family of boys and girls
to be useful members of society, and
finds time for intellectual Improvement."
"It Is a very simple operation, and
one that appeals to certain superior
types of social saviors, to go aloof
trom the rank and file and save the
working class by doctrinaire methods.
It Is nothing short ot sensual lndul
gence to colonise, to form a small com-
pany of selected Utopians, who separate themselves from the rest of their
fellows, and being Immaculate them-
selves, make it their bounden duty to
point to the blemishes upon those who
are down in the dirt ot the battle,"
Vancouver Labor Temple Co.
The Vancouver Labor Temple Co.,
Ltd., after a hard campaign of over
three yean, Is now on easy street.
Rents derived from tbe Labor Temple,
whloh has been occupied since last
May, run around 12,100 a month, while
the expenses and Interest are about
$1,200. A second mortgage of 130,000
haa already been reduced to $22,000,
or at the rate of 11,000 per month.
With the payment of the second mortgage there will he ample funds available to provide a sinking fund for the
first mortgage and the payment of
whatever "dividends" the shareholders
deem advisable. The total value of
tbe company's holdings run well .over
1250,000, with a first mortgage of
1107,000, runlng over a period of ten
years.
B.C. of L. Activities,
The executive board ot the B.C. Federation of Labor has received over
1500 from unions throughout the pro-
vnce ln response to Its appeal for aid
tor the striking miners of Cumberland
and Ladysmlth, Vancouver Island.
And more coming in daily.
The collection and compilation of
statistics in reference to the workings
of the Workmen's Compensation Aot,
"In order that the executive board
may report to the next convention as
to the advisability and probable cost
of assuming the management of all
cases that may arise In the various
affiliated organisations when compensation for Injury ln Industry Is to.be
collected," Is bringing a better response than expected, which will materially assist in the presentation of
a recommendation at Victoria next
month.
Any unions which have not received
forms to till out or calls for the convention are requested to immediately
write Sec-Trees. V. R. Mldgley, Box
1044, Vancouver, B.C.
. By BUI Uno.
Honest partner; this' ain't Christmas,
Sure lt can't be, way out here.' - '
Why, this crazy, gloomy bunk house
Makes old Christmas seem so queer
That it sounds almost unholy
To repeat Its name so dear.
Now there's BUI, that's known no better;
What?   The beggar says I lie,
Well he looks so damn neglected
That I thought that may be I
Had been made of better flannel-
See him look away and sigh,
Sur enough he started even.
Loving mother, doting dad;
Way back somewhere in the eastland
And they thought their little lad
Would grow big and strong and famous
And would make the old folk's glad.
Told him tales about Kris Kringle
And his prancing team and sleigh;
Filled hia stockings by the fireside,
Drove to church on Christmaa day
Where the preacher told of heaven
With Its angles bright and gay.
Well, those things sre nigh forgotten,
Not much wonder when roil know
How his fondest dreams were shatter'd
How he's taken blow on blow,
'Tilt he's growing old and battered
And his feet are getting slow.
No, It wasn't wine and women
Put him with the losing throng-
Though he's had his days of sunshine
And his nights of mirth and song;
Some have piled together millions
Who had characters less strong.
Only somehow he was chosen
Like the myriad other men
Who are gathered at the bottom,
Where the chance Is one to ten
Of your climbing np the ladder
Into luxury again.
But, what use is Idle pining
For the things that "might have
been?"
Only let's search a pathway
At whose end all men may glean
Recompense ln full for labor,
Making life less cramped and mean.
Christmas morning, bless Its memory,
Once its dawn held hope and cheer
Little worry for the future,
Fame and fortune seemed (so near.
Now Its Just a day more labor
'Neath a sky that's cold and drear.
Printing Trades "Industrialism."
Vancouver is probably the only city
in Canada where the Allied Printing
Trades Council affiliated unions have
agreements all expiring on or about
the same date, near enough to mean a
settlement with all five unions during
the same month. It has taken some
years to work out, and is as hear the
"Industrial" Idea as can be reasonably expected for some years In the
printing trades. The arrangement has
been of incalculable value to the
{-Stereotypers, Pressmen and Engrav-
' era, making It possible for the Typos,
and Bookbinders to give them a lift
at a time when lt was needed.
WJ   __mt.
that ■•«__.
of vi*"*****
storet. Sft-1-
Toda: pjj^t.-
KaJUtol*-
lar ri not:
■"'""tlasBrsr
fjossa
ta.  to
ThesearsBd
The I"
Two
are s   fn-
dark    •_**
way i stm-aa
isake
1 tbe
'live
-*B.C
•asiat-
w.
Vancouver's phenomenal building
trades activity la said to be In preparation tor the "business" consequent
upon the opening of the Panama Canal
In 1915. If one Is to Judge by the present trend of events ln the Industrial
world along the Pacific coast, combined with the announcement of very
cheap ocean traffic and passenger
rates and the feverish anxiety of employers to flood this provinoe
with cheap and docile wage-workers, the "opening" bodes, no good
to tbe present standard of living
throughout the Pacific northwest, as
scant and uncertain as It already has
become to thousands of workers. Only
complete organization of Labor's
forces and a mutual understanding of
the task before them can prevent
social conditions compared to which
the eastern manufacturing centres will
be a paradise. With the merging of
practically every Industry, in the province into the hands of the foreign-
corporations, and the importation of
the smoothest bunch of labor skinners
that eer graced the earth, there are
interesting times ahead for Labor.
The members of organised labor
should lose no time finding fault
with each other; they should every
one be up and doing. There Is no
time to be wasted. These and other
Important phases of the labor question should provide plenty of material
for discussion at the coming convention of the B.C. Federation of Labor,
to be held at Victoria, commencing
January 13,
Vol. 1, No, 1 of The Alberta Federatlonist, a weekly four-page paper, published at Calgary, of which L. T.
English Is managing editor, Is the
successor to the Western Labor Review. The change ia for the better,
and with the ownership vested in the
Alberta Federation of Labor and the
Calgary .Trades and'Labor Council
Jointly, on similar lines to The B.C.
Federatlonist at Vancouver, the future
usefulness of the new Federatlonist Is
assured. Inasmuch as organized labor benefits by the publication ot labor
papers, they should own and control
them. And this Idea Is gradually
being worked out all over Canada.
Besides, if there must be a loss sustained, lt is unfair to expect Individuals to bear it, There has been too
much or that sort of thing In the past.
Those who pay the freight generally
Bee that the goods are delivered to
their own address. And If this is not
done, the fault must be laid to the membership of organized labor. The International Typographical Union, with
a membership of some 60,000, has
adopted the principle that five cents
per month of the per capita tax goes
to pay for the I. T. U. Journal to each
member, which ensures proper circulation and at the same time makes
the venture a financial success. An
extension of this principle to all labor
organizations and their official Journals would result in less wreetllng
with the sheriff, better service from
editors, and the accomplishment ot the
purpose of labor publications. There
are 16,000 unionists In British Columbia. If the B.C. Federation of Labor
were empowered to levy an
Bartenders' League
Our International union, as you will
recall, began a campaign for a larger
membership about this time a year
ago, and while we have not In reality
reached the pinnacle yet we have made
very nice progress as can be seen from
the following table which shows the
voting strength of sixteen international unions—the real leaders of the
American Federation of Labor—this
tabulation taken from the roll call of
the Rochester, N. Y„ convention, Nov,
11 to 23 Inclusive, 1912:
Votes
1 United    Mine    Workers    of
America  2670
2 United Brotherhood ot Carpen
ters and Joiners. 1923
3 Brotherhood of Painters, Dec
orators and Paperhangers.. 685
4 International  Association   of
Machinists  598
6  Lady Garment Workers, International   584
6 International    Typographical
Union  ..'.....;....*......... 547
7 Western Federation of Miners 506
8 Int. Moulders Union of N.A... 500
9 Musicians, Am. Fed. of  500
10 Hotel A Restaurant Employes
Bartenders I, League of A. 470
11 Garment Workers, United 464
12 Brewery Workers, United.... 450
IS   Clgarmakers Int. Union 420
14 Teamsters, Chauffeurs, etc... 415
15 St Railway Employes 402
16 Boot & Shoe Workers  333
Capital
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Behind the
grey meagre walls of a prison. In the
death row, a remote corner of the institution, separated from civilisation like
Infected lepers with a barrier between
them and the. outside world, men are
awaiting their doom. The silence of the
cold walls, and the tedlousness of their
environments, wrought* upon their
nerves; they become mentally deranged
from fear and Impatience. Tho march
from the condemned cell to the death
chamber Is beynd description.
Some shout and curse, pray and rave,
ond others become Insane and have to
be carried bodily Into the chamber of
horrors. Those that appear to maintain
a bold front during tne proceedings of
the entry to the gallows become terror-
stricken at the sight that meeta their
eyes, their knees tremble, and they bite
their lips until tbe blood flows to keep
from breaking down completely,, A
greenish hue settles down upon their
prlson-pallored faces, they become regardless of their surroundings, they
«eem to be children again and the gallows with the hangman attired In his
hideous   robe   appears   grotesque.     He
B.C. F. of L. Convention.
Credentials for delegates throughout ihe province aro already reaching
Secretary-Treasurer Mldgley, of the
B.C. Federation of Labor. The big
convention will take place at Victoria,
beginning January 13. New Westminster Trades and Labor Council Is
out for the next convention.
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 aMonth
I, C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention in January, Executive oncers, 1912-19: Presldsnt, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs, a V. Oram, J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberts, C. Slverts,
3. 3. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R, Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
de-
Tested *__*
J. A.
Ha;
"Waa-ixy
—a  so
qu      to
-   and
MCaoeS
fvaay-
OPEN
10    O'Olok
Evenitisx.
Don't  You  Save All You
It's wonderful
what a sum yon can
secure for yourself if
you    spend    intelli-
•gently at the IIONIG STORES, taking close advantage of all
the great snaps the MUST offer to induce rapid and extensive
buying because, be it known to all and sundry—HONK'S,
come the new year, change proprietary and are bound to clear
up store _by- then. So not only are they giving BABGAINS
BEYOND BELIEF, but additionally thrust handsome gifts
upon each purchaser—gifts so fine and good that, in your turn,
you can'donate them to others and so save your money by not
having to purchase the numerous Christmaa gifts called for
at this time of yeyar.   Remember
Honlg'a Prio— are Half Others.
WH-Y?
HONIO MUST CTUUB.
Othara Don't Kood.
Toys.     Tools.
"Taney Goods... Xmaa Cards.   MkM/swatj.
Hardwana... Otunea, Ite.
H
ONIG STORE
56-58-60   HASTINGS   ST.   EAST
TELEPHONE   SEYMOUR 3472 and 8479
SHOES FOR MEN
»«•• sTosr- &m%—ra*sm
»•»•    atosr-    Darssts
Sheas for Ctnafswt
Shoes for st-reny Recratrersssat
We've picked -winners in Men's Fail Shoes. We're at the service
of every man  who desires the best shoes his money can buy.
W. J.  ORR
204 MAIN STREET
Opposite the City Hal
Named Shoes Are rractsaontli-
Made In Non-Union Facterlaa
DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of tbls Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot oft Shoe Worken' Vnloa
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
3. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Baine, sac-Tress.
ELECTRICAlOlei-
. 21!.—Miaer-
9 p.m. Pros»»»»
ldent, Fred 1 •"«»
A. A. McDomauae
snclal secreti -we
urer, H. H. . r_—
thur Rhodes Ior
Jones, Room
BLECTRICA] *■»
, 991 (InsrlDS
Jay Room 2avjji.«l
Duff; recordl**™*^
treasurer anft>"*»-
Inghauaon, R the
Qlass wo-svaay
Meets s:_
of each monti
president, w?;^-
rotary, Wn -ntlx-
Hettler, 429 !    in-
FsJrmoht" lis,
==
Honest Leather
WOBKED UP BY
COMPETENT WORKMEN
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
GOOD   SHOES
THE ONLY KIND WE HANDLE
THE   SHOE
S PKC1AHST
Central "K" Boot Agency
160  Cordova Street W., near Cambie)
W    Vas/ \mJ *\—9   Union Stamp
'iartto
TRADEB AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets flrst and third Thursdays,
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; 3. W.
Wilkinson, secretary, Room 910, Labor
Temple; Jas, Campbell, treasurer; A.
Beasley. statistician; J. H. McVety,
sergt-at-erras: V. A, Hoover, ~
Pipes, E. Tralnor, trustees.
McVety,
w. j:
ALLIED PRINTING TRADEB COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday '- — -•*-
President   E.   Jarman;   vl„ , _.,
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England.
day In  month,
vice-president,
JSe _  _
President   E.
George Mows
P. O, Boa 99.	
LABOR TEMPLB COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover.- J. H.
McVety, James Brown. Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, 3. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettipiece. John McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, J. H. Mc-
Vsty. Room 911.   Bey. 9990.
AMALGAMATED
penters    and
SOCIETY   OP  CAR-
Jolners—Room JOS,
seems to have a very vague impression
of the whole ceremony In which he Is
the central figure, and he mounts the
scaffold unconsciously.
Some gaze pitifully from one face to
another to find a spark of pity and compassion, and he only meets the cold stare
of some dreRmy-eyed government physl- ■
clsn who-regards the whole affair with
Indifference, owing to his practice which
has Inured him to the sight of suffering.
Some see a vision' of the courtroom
again with the pompous judge ln his judicial robe pronouncing the death sentence and they curse at him ln a Aery
tone.
Women have been carried away -madly
Insane after bidding the condemned one
bood-bye forever, and others have dashed their brains out against the wall In
tho prison yard.
Some condemned women terror-stricken at their approaching7 death submit
themselves to humiliation and dishonor;
have given birth to Illegitimate ohlldren whilst In prison In the' hope of
softening the heart of those who have
sentenced them to die. Unfortunately,
such actions are held In abhorence by
these worthy gentlemen, and the women
have only In vain added another touch
to their scarlet past.
After the lire of life is extinguished
In their dissipated bodies they become
fresh stock for the vivisecting tool.
Those charitable and soft-hearted
classes who shudder when rending their
classics .of new methods of torture, and
the Spanish Inquisition appears a hideous nightmare to them, and yet today In
our civilised state there exists this miserable human torture that sends men
and women to their doom lighting
maniacs .and skeletons of their former
self, worn down to the bone by suffering.
Sey. 9909. Business agent, J. A. Key;
office hours, 9 to 9 o.m. and 4 to 9 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, 999 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday snd Wed-
nesday In Room 909.
BAKERS' AND CONFEC-
Doners' Local No. 49—,
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:90 p.m. Prss-
Ident, J. Klnnalrd; corresponding secretary, W,
Room 920, Labor
■—   P.  Robln-
_.     .  . -• ■   Rogers!
Temple; financial secretary.
BARBERS'   LOCAL,   NO.   190—MEETS
second Thursday, 9:90 p, m.   President Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Chsrles Brown: secretary-business
agent, C. P. Burkhart, Room 209, Labor,
Temple.   Hours:   -------
Sey. 1779.
LONGSHORIJnls-
AssocLcrirv
every Ifr-day"**"11-"-
Preeldent, G. lgss
Nixon, 199 VI   Sit
MACHINISToBtlc,
ond and U-».«-
Presldent R*01**
secretary, J. len,
J. H. McVety   M.11
MUSICIANS''OU.
•    Union, L*
Meets second   *
Robson   strec
vice-president
P. Ward; trei„_„
PAINTERS', . ._
Decorator »*o-
Thursday, 7:U„,-
ry; Itaanolar**31*
1999 Robson e*. . —
Bkene Thompi _
business agen    or
SHEET   ML.   .=-
No. 990— -tho
p.m., Room  nat
recording seozr**ri
Drake street1*"110--
Dormody.
IT
Get  Your Money's Worth
ST   1KB  C
c.S?     eve***
I  Patronize Home Industry
STONECUTT]»"»ot;
Branch—will
p.m.  Preside^—__
Ing secretary®"1
flnanolal secrwor
Tl'to" 1; 9 to'7 p.m,
BARTENDERS' LEAGUE NO. 979—
Meets flrat and third Sundays of
each month, 7:90 p, m., Room 909. President, Walter Laurie: secretary, A. MacDonald: treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel,
Sey. 499 (Tale Hotel).	
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No. 91?—Meets
Monday of each week, 9 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday. 9 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; flnanolal secretary, L.
H. Burnham, Room 904.   Sey. 1990.
STREET   AN°US
■mploveets.es. t.
—Nets   Latt-'he
fourth Wedno",*;;
snd third Wee" «">'
H Schoflelditlio
bert V. Loftl i„
P.O.; financial __
2409 Clark dr earn
TAILORS. V/_ lr»
179—ileell-m-t
each month, lead
land; secretar-„„
909; flnanolal tec
909. ase-
TILB LAYEP""'-**--
cal .No.  frs** v
Wednesdays
dent R. Nov.
Suite 9, 1909
l\\
With the rapid growth of Socialism
e can see on tho horizon the dawn of
a new world—a merciful and bloodless
life.
Montreal.
BROTHERHOOD  OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners,   South Vancouver No,
1209—Meets Ashe's hall, 91st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 9 p.m.    President,
W, J. Robertson; vice-president J. W,
DlcklesonL recording   secretary.   Thos.
"-" ' llnan-
... jreasurer,
A. Conahar;
Dlckieson; recording secretary,
Lindsay, Box 99, Cedar Cottage;
olsl secretary, J. A. Dlckieson: tn
Robt. Lindsay: conductor, ' ~
warden, E. Hall.
BRIDGE   AND
WOF        	
Looal_97—Meets. Mcond and fourth Frl-
     STRUCTURAL   IRON
WORKERS^ ^International    Union,
day, Labor Temple, 9 p.m. President
J. A. Beeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
799 Bemllh Drive, phone Bey. 999.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO, 1
—Meets every Tuesday, 9 p.m., Room
907.   President James Hoslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
B9; flnanolal   secretary, F. R, 	
business agent, W.
219.   Bey. 9799,
saa
TYPOORAPH;^n'
Meets lasllist
p.m.   Presideia.an
presidentG. 1 __,
urer, R. H. N< SP
 -i~ci s
PATBOMIZBtlOU
ADV8RTISBRSt*I1>"
t;	
BY   ASKING
FOR THIS
COUNCIL >
ON YOUR
PRINTING
The Printing; Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000100 Every Week
p££j_j,,   \Vhere i-\i-rv lit t lc*^>-i.| "y-nl
*.*Wi
"' ^assssj^      counts  -  -
PRESIDENT
\\  ^Wmr^ttamA  SUSPENDERS 11
mw'^M.           j___\
"Work with the President and
the President works with you"   !
Pra«id«nt 0n«p«adtn OnuMtMi
secretary, "F. "... ...
B. Dagnall, Room
Brown;
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vanoouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 9 p.m.
President, F, Barclay, 9(9 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street,
CIVIC EMPLOYEES AND GENERAL
Laborers' Union.—Meets flrst and
third Fridays, Lsbor Temple, 9 p. m.
President, P. Hurst: secretary, B,
Tralnor, Room 220, Labor Temple.
CIOARMAKDRB'    LOCAL,    NO.    997—
Meets first Tuesday each month, 9
?.m. President Robert J. Craig; secre-
ary, J. C, Peuser, Kurts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHERS',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No, 1—Meets 10:90 a.m.
third Sundsy In month, Room 204. Looal
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 498. Vancouver. Local sea-tress., A. T. Obsrg,
Box 49!, or 1009 Burrsrd street.
or
on-
ry.
,lp;
nces £ti
-tho
uc-
ithe
s.nd
iter
. ur>
Elec
The,
Ele —
Cof
Toi
u diy
Seerty
toy
Carrall tbe
Hastings    of
User
ts-tsm
The. Beer Without
cl Peer
Phone
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited PAGE EOtrtL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY DECEMBER M, Ull.
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts.   ancouver
Whale Brand
"Size,    Strength,   Endurance"
OVERALLS
They are beyond question a
brand of overalls that ''speak tor
themselves." The expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a solid and
worthy reputation ONLY for the
"WHALE BRAND OVERALLS."
Th. pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are made to suit
your "POCKETS."
MB 9UI AX YOU* OXOTSHB
A. WADDINGTON
sat——act—am,
SS Water St,     Vancouver, a. 0.
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the oool weather at
W. TURNER
897 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
QQWITH
THE
BUNCH
_*__ THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
We can furnish I won't you i«
YOUR HOME "13,'^
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
MASS-MEETING SUNDAY
IN DOMINION THEATRE |
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy a union - made
HAT
We carry tho largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
-IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 Hats
TH
* OF
OUSANDS
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine. 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll.... 20c
The People's Bookstore
192 Cordova W.
MULCJtHY'S CAFETERIA
-me BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
& COMPANY, LIMITED
346 Hastings W.   MO Oranvllle
«1s Hastings W.
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Stbebt Wist
Phone Set. 955
Direct Importers of
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goods Delivered free to all
parts of the city
L BURNS & CO.
Maritv/iire and Furniture
Dealers
Carpenters' Tools Our Specially
Bargain sale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prices that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main  Phone Sey. 1579
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
tj When you buy your suits
(rom us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
•3 In dealing with us you ate
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and Ihe MOST UP-TO-
" DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HASTINGS ST., EAST
VANCOUVER.    B. C
HOW TO GET l-OOO.
FOB EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CAM, AND SEE
Geo.G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
By W. B. GAYLORD.
Tbe world is getting HUNGRY—
dangerously hungry!
When the world   gets too hungry,
smnphnilv «--*- fc.irt
Telling the people to "eat grass"
started the French revolution.
• *   •
More food per capita is produced
than ever before.
The labor ot the world produces the
food.
With the wages paid for labor the
world must buy food.
If wages go higher, the cost of producing food goes up, too.
The price of food Ib Axed by adding
the profits of the Idlers to tbe wages
of the world.
The world's wsges can never equal
the price of the' world's food—under
this system.
The same is true ot everything that
tbe world makes—and must use.
The capitalist don't care what wages
are—If they Si the selling price.
* *   *
Capitalists used to suffer from overproduction."
That was when they believed in
"competition"—before the trusts came.
Sometimes the world could not buy
the food at the market price.
Then prices had to go down, and the
world got a little relief.
Manufacturers had to sell to get
their money back.
• •   •
Now the trusts stop making food
when the world cannot buy at the
price.
Or—tbey store up the food, and hold
it until the world buys—at the price.
Coffee, beef, oil, and other trusts do
this on an International scale.
THE TRUSTS CONTROL PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION AS
WELL.
THEY DO NOT SELL FOOD NOW
—UNLESS THEY GET THEIR
PRICE.
AND THAT IS THE REASON FOR
THE HIGH COST. OF LIVING.
. *   *   •
Prices go up with high tariff, low
tariff—or no tariff.
As long as tbe trusts control production and distribution, the high cost of
things will continue,
They, will force It as high as they
can—without starting riots.
The trusts guess wrong on where
the riots will start.
That is what has usually started
revolutions—ignoring the danger line.
* •   *
Socialists don't want riots. They
want bread!
Being -workers, they do not get
wages enough to buy the bread they
need. •
Declining to starve duletly, they propose to change the rules of the game.
They kaow that control of tbe biead
lies In the means of making bread.
Therefore they; who make the bread,
want to own the means of making
bread.
System is good—lt saves labor. But
lt musl save the laborer, too. .
The Socialist Party is busy getting
control of the system.
They propose that THE PEOPLE
SHALL OWN Tim TRUSTS.
THAT IS THE FINAL ANSWER TO
THE HIGH COST OF LIVING.
♦ -»   «
Just now the termers sre getttlng
the best ot the Increase In prices.
But the coining of the tenant farmer
changes all that.   -
Aiid tenants now operate one-third
of all farms,
Trade unions raise wages enough to
help for a while.
But a change In machinery starts
that fight all over again.
Co-operatives help those concerned
in them, to some extent.
But cooperatives cannot buy the
trusts—nor control them.
• • " *.
. We must apply co-operation to the
industries of the nation.
THE NATION MUST OWN THE
TRUSTS.
If you don't believe that—vote any
old ticket!
United Brotherhood ef Carpenters
Since our last communication, sev
era) things have happened, chief
among them being the election of officers In Local No. 617, when Mr. A.
P'-hmond waa re-elected president
'without opposition, ss wss also Arthur
Paine, recording secretary, this action
telling better than words of their past
efficiency and the satisfaction ot the
membership with them aa officers.
Mr. George Williams waa elected
financial secretary, after a spirited
contest with three other candidates.
Former Financial Secretary Burnham
refused to allow his name to be resubmitted.
' We bespeak for Bro. Williams the
support and aid of the membership,
and feel sure that If past record and
fidelity to duty are a basis for Judgment, Local 617 will have a good secretary for the succeeding term.
The social at New Westminster last
Tuesday eve was attended by 65 from
Vancouver taken over to the Royla
City by special car via B. C. B. R.
and a royal good time was enjoyed
by all. We herewith return our earnest thanks to Local 16S9 for their
splendid and generous entertainment.
Local 61' at last meeting elected
seven delegates to the B. C. F, of L.
and wll decide Dec. 31 how many
shall be sent,
LABOR PARTICIPATES
IN VICTORIA 1*13
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
Victoria, Dec. 18.—At last regular
meeting of Victoria Trades and Labor
Council It was decided to call a mass*
meeting for Dec, 17 to find out tf the
workers of this city desired' to 'be represented by men of their own class in
next year's City Council.
This -meeting was held last night ln
t:ic Labor Hall, which was fairly well
attended considering weather conditions.
A platform drawn up and submitted
by the Trades and Labor Council was
adopted unanimously.
Three candidates were selected to
run for aldermen and two for school
trustees, namely:
McDonald Olllver and Slvertz, aldermen; and Mrs. Clayton and 3. L.
Martin, school trustees.
A cam-palgn committee was also
elected -and things seem to -have started on a -businesslike footing, which
argues we'll for the campaign from
the workers' standpoint.
1918 Is the first year that the ward
system Is to be replaced by voting at
large and It Is felt In labor circles
here that a great obstacle has been
removed' from the way -of labor representation on future city councils.
A. VARNEY,
Sec. Campaign Committee.
ROYAL 0.WYT1UDES
AND UBOR COUNCIL
IN BEOULAE SESSION
Municipal Election Activity and
Two B. 0, F. of L. Convention
Delegates Elected.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Dec. 11.—Regular meeting of the Trades and Labor
Council was held ln labor hall, Vice-
President Cameron In the chair. The
minuted of the previous meeting were
read and adopted.
Communication*
B. C. Federation of Labor, convention
call.   Referred to new business.
B. C. Federation of Labor, asking for
report of accidents. Referred to unions.
Btreet Railway Employees, re vote on
Industrial unionism,   Filed.
Typographical union, naming L. Neth-
erby and P. Smith on Labor Day Committee.    Filed.
Credentials were read from the Letter Carriers for John McDell, W. Taylor and John dough, Received.
Btvortt of Committee*
Del, Dodd reported that his special
committee had visited several unions to
get a* many delegates as possible to
attend the B. C. Federntlon and had met
with considerable success but had yet
several unions to visit. Report received
and committeo continued,
Del. Maiden reported for campaign
committee that two meetings had>been
held and candidates had been nominated
for aldermen, Walter Dodd, Archie
Hogg and Ralph Wilsn, and for school
trustees, R, A. Stoney, Fred Mackintosh
and H. C. Chamberlln, and had turned
over the campaign to a general committee.   Report received.
Del, Knudsen reported that the entertainment committee has a balance of
$10.08 from the Benefit Concert, also
that aome members have withdrawn end
ask* that new members be elected on
the committee.   Report received,
Del. Hogg reported that some progress
had been made In preparing matter for
the Labor Commission, but much yet remains to do,   Committeo continued.
Beperta of Unions  -
Typos—Nearly all working.   The del-
egates laid sample of letter to be sent
by all unions to Curtis Publishing Co.
before the delegates.
Bartenders— * bsent.
Plumber"—All working.
Clgarmakers—All working.
Street Railway Employees—Taking In
new members, ■
A. S. Carpenters—All working.
Barbers—Absent.
Teamsters—Nearly all working. Intend holding a smoker on Dec. 19 ln
Labor Hall.
U. B. Carpenters—Nearly all.work-
Inic. Held a very successful social ln
Odd FeHown hall on the 10th.
Painter"—Nearly all working.    Have
considerable Inside work just now.
Letter Carriers—All busy.
Lathers—Many non-union men in town.
■Tew BnalnsM
Mr. Minthorn addressed the meeting.
asking the labor men to bring several
matters before their candidates during
the coming municipal campaign, noticeably in connection with the administration of the olty water and light. The
city owns Its own light plant and
charges consumers lie per kilowatt,
which they get at a cost of l-47o and
merchants only pay 4c for sign light".
Citlsens of New Westminster pay $1.30
per house, while ln Victoria only 90c is
charged and In Vancouver 80c.
A vote of thanks was tendered to Mr;
Minthorn,
Del. Dodd explained that a flght wa"
put up In the council during the present year, to have the electric light system run at cost, by himself and Aid.
Orev, with the only tangible result of
having the meter rent struck out He
believed lt foolish to collect a surplus
of $80,000 a year from electric light
and $20,000 a year from our water system.
As an illustration of the way In whloh
business men on the council safeguard
the interests of the workers he cited tho
Instance of Aid,' Curtis moving that the
V.P.R. Meat Co, be granted a reduction
In their water rate, and when the matter
was laid over for investigation It wa"
discovered that It would result In a
revenue loss to the city of $400 per
month.
Dels. D. S. Cameron and B. D, Grant
were elected delegates to the B. C.
Federation of Labor, which convene?
on Jan. Ill, IMS.
On motion the secretary was Instructed to notify the bank manager that tho
name of the seerefary-trea"urer Is sufficient to get -the vouchers from the
bank.
Moved and seconded that the Council donate $10 to the municipal campaign fund.   Carried.
The Secretary was Instructed to
write, thanking Mr. J. Henley for his
donation of soda fvater for the benefit.
On motltn -the next regular meeting
will be held on Friday, Dec, 20, Instead
of the 25th.
Meeting adjourned at 10:16,
B-. Ifc GRANT,  .
■J General Secretary.
Letter -Cirri-trr Bitot Officers
Branch 12 of the Federated Association of Letter Carriers held Its regular
monthly meeting on the 6th init with
a record attendance.
A large amount ot Important business was disposed of Including a considerable amount of correspondence
from the Federated' Secretary and
others dealing with various Improvements ln the condition of the Letter
Carriers of Canada.
Like alt the rest of the working
people we are up against -the Increased cost of living (or which really
means a decreased wage) and we are
living ln hopes that the Government
will see Its way clear to grant us a
substantial increase this session. Much
Interest was taken in the election of
officers for the coming year the voting
in some cases, being close and exciting. Tbe following were duly elected:
President—John Cass.
Vice-president—Alfred Wyborn.
Tyler—Geo. J. Tanner.
Secretary—Maurice W. Buck.
Treasurer—Edward Bellhouse,
Collectors for the General Post Office—L, C. Carl and David Samson.
For sub-station C—M, H. Harlock.
For North Vancouver—A. Prime.
The present delegates to the Trades
and Labor Council, Bros. Cass, Buck
and Harlock, will hold office until the
next regular meeting in January.
Bros. Kemp and Squires were elected to audit the books of tbe Association for the closing year.
Much regret was caused by the retirement pf Bro. 6. P. Carr from the
office of secretary-treasurer, which he
has well and faithfully filled continuously for nearly eleven years. The
success of Branch 12 is largely due
to the able manner In which Bro.
Carr stuck to his post and kept hammering away when most of us felt like
quitting ln disgust, and steps are being
taken to substantially recognize his
services at the January meeting.
Our me tings are growing ln Interest every month, largely due to the
fact that our younger members are
taking hold of matters with a wtll, and
this is as it should be for, after all, pur
meetings are what the membership
make them. W. A. S. ,
A STEP. FORWARD.
A Credit to Union Workmanship
DUMBER*
CIGARS
By D. I,. HUNT.
E. T. Baker, of tbe Amalgamated
Carpenters, wbo bas recently returned from a visit to England, reports
tbat tbe building trades organisations
of that country are now taking a vote
upon the amalgamation of all men In
the building industry, Into one International organisation of Building
Trades craftsmen.
- Our brothers In England are to be
congratulated upon their action, as It
Is indeed a "STEP FORWARD," for
only through such an amalgamation
can the majority of the men following
the building Industry be organised,
I have been advocating a move of
this kind tor a number of years, but
so far have received nothing but discouragement and ridicule' and have
been repeatedly told, owing to the position I held, that I should be the last
man to advise such an action.
Consider brothers, whether or not
It Is logical: Why should we maintain the great number of international
organisations with their headquarters,
that we are sow maintaining, when
ONE INTBRNATIONAL with' ONE
HEADQUARTERS, could look after
our needs as well If not better than
they are looked after at tbe present
time.
I appreciate-the fact If an amalgamation of this Und were brought
about It would mean the loss of position anl prestige to a considerable
number of men' who are now representing tbe different Internationals ss
general officers, but If they are successful in tbelr present positions aad
are earnest In their endeavors for the
betterment of the conditions of the
men they represent, they could equally well Ml positions as Organisers of
ONE ORAND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION ot BUILDING TRADES
MECHANICS. Even though they
should loose their positions many a
good man hai been and many more
will be sacrificed for the Interest of
the majority.
Tbe great aim of the labor movement Is to better the condition of the
majority of tbe workers, but the consummation of this aim cannot prevail
under our present system of organisation, as each "craft" now acts Independently of the other Instead of ln
unison; (except In a few Isolated
esses where the Building Trades
Counoll Is strong enough to control
the local situation) whereas, with the
International of building trades mechanics, every member thereof Interested equally in tbe condition of every
other member, who will say, when one
branch of the industry asks for better
conditions 'I will not work until every
man tn the Industry Is granted the
conditions he asks," a solidarity would
be brought about that has never pre-
vailed and our membership Increased
by hundreds of thousands through tbe
organlsaat'on of the small town from
whence come the larger per cent of
the men who take our places when
we are "LOCKED OUT" or "ON
STRIKE" for -better conditions, snd
are too small to support organisations under our present system;
Therefore It behooves us "HEN OF
THE BUILDING TRADES" to get together for a greater solidarity and a
"STEP FORWARD" in the LLabor
movement.
Let US have ONE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF BUILDING
TRADES, MECHANICS, with ONE
General President, ONE General Secretary, ONE General Treasurer and
ONE General Vive-President representing BACH branch of the Building
Trades Industry, with local autonomy
for each branch, and use tbe money
thst Is now being used to maintain th*
different -International Headquarters
to place Usb ln the Held snd organise
overy village and hamlet In the coun-
try Into local unions of building trades
mechanics, so there will be none to
take our places when ws are "LOCKED OUT," and to build up a "DEFENSE FUND of sufficient else that
every man who goes "ON STRIKE"
for better conditions may be main-
talned indefinitely.
The day of "NO LOCKOUT" for us
will never come until all men follow-
Ing the Building Industry are organ-
Ised; neither will the day ever come
when we will not, at some time, be
forced to go on strike, until every employer knows that we have a DEFENSE .FUND large enough to provide for every man until our demands
are granted.
Think It over, Brothers; tslk It over
with your fellow workman, even If he
does not follow the ssme trade, and
let us show our brothers across the
water that we have decided "AN IN-
JURY TO ONE IS AN INJURY TO
ALL," and are ready to take a "STEP
FORWARD" for the greater good for
the greater number
Business and Religion.
""Psrson," exclaimed Ephralm, 'Tee
got llglon-'llglon I tell you!"
"That's One, brother. You are
going to lay aside all sin?"
"Yes, sah."
"You're going to church?"
"Yes, sah-ree."
"You're going to care for the widows?"
"Ah, yes sah."
"You re going to pay your debts?"
,"Sah?    Hold on heab parson.    Dst
ain't religion; dat's business."
Fraternal Delegates. •
The next meeting of the British
Trade Union Congress will convene ln
Manchester, England. The fraternal
delegates elected at the convention at
Rochester to represent the American
Federation of Labor at that congress
were Louis Kemper, secretary of the
United Brewery Workers, and Charles
L. Balne, secretary of tbe Boot and
Shoe Workers' Union. W. J. Mc
Borley, president of the International
Union of Lathers, was elected a fraternal delegate to the Canadian
Trades and Ubor Congress.
Miners In Bsth County, Kentucky,
had to arm themselves against th* assaults of th* mine guards and hind
thugs employed by the mine owners to
drlv*   miners   to work.
.   A WOUDOr WA-kM.
The most prominent feature of society as at present constituted Is that
lt Is a world of wares. -Everything
Is for sale. Everyone a huckster.
Belling their own wares or another's.
Their own labors or the crystallssd
sweat of another's. Not only vendors
of wares, but of human flesh. and
blood and themselves vendible. Courtier and courtesan, artist and artisan,
all transformed by the elohemy of
gold to the common ■ level of commodities. Man's' "honor" and woman's
"virtue";' genius and thuggery; all
alike. "Every man has his price," and
also everything the hand of man fashions or the 'heart.of man desires.
Yet few'have ever stopped to enquire what determines the price, snd
most of the few have been content to
blame lt on the trusts, the railways,
or Providence.
to go further seems simple enough
on the surface. We see the price of a
commodity rise when that commodity
Is scarce, fall when It Is plentiful,
hence we say that the condition of
supply and demand governs the price.
Yet, there Is more behind that, for,
with the money we receive ln selling
a commodity, we buy other commodities, so that the sale and purchase
amount actually to a barter or exchange of commodities for one another, a trade.
Whence arises afresh the question,
what determines the exchange relatione of commodities to one another?
On what basis can they he compared
ln value? They are more varied than
. the hues of the spectrum. They are
of   stone and steel, wood   and   wool,
$10 Makes First Payment
on 10-acre Farm
Wa an offering for sal* a limited number of specially seleotsd
10, 20 snd 40 son fsrms In th* Bella Cools district, suitable for
mixed farming, hog raising, poultry raising or fruit growing. Ideal
cllmste; mild winters; good soil; plenty of water; praetloslly no
clesring; level, open Isnd, Will b* served by two rallroed*. - Unlimited msrket. Good rosd snd govsrnmsnt telegraph lln* right
to th* property. Price while thty last 120 per sen; payable on th*
very easy term* of f1 par son cash, bslsnc* 11 par acn per month.
No intenst. Send your nam* and address ter further particulars te:
J. I. Eakin & Co.
410 Holden Building,
Vanoouver, B. C.
Nam*
Addr ■
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B. 0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABBL
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
your WINTER suit
Should be Tailor-made ant) made by Union Tailor*. Fine stock to select from
FRED PERRY Labor Temple Tailor
Comer Homer and Duniauir Streets
of paper, of gold, of clay, of all materials to be found upon the earth,
and many of no material but purely
abstract. In no respect do they resemble one another, neither th freight,
or form, color or consistency. Nothing
common to all anywhere meets the eye.
Yet one thing hidden' they all contain, and one thing alone — human,
labor.    Without   labor   none  of   them
terlals of which they are composed,
have, untouched by. labor, no value
and no price. When labor has discovered and developed a new territory, Its natural resources become
Rateable. A demand arises for them
as potential means of production and
of exploitation. As labor delving into Nature's treasures, fashions the
raw materials to the uses .^of men,
they, too, become saleable, wares with
a price, varying in accordance with
their scarcity and plentttudc, but with
a value determined by the labor necessary to produce them.
The laborer receives in wages less
than the value his labor creates. The
difference, the unpaid labor, Is the profit of the capitalists.
With the same process taking place
on a national and international scale,
we have profits being taken in various
fields of production whose average gives
us the average rate of proflt
When the price of any commodity
rises above the prices of commodities
of similar value, the proflt in the production of that commodity rises' above
the/average rate of profit, and so tends
to attract capital, ever profit-hungry,
to that field of production, The greater the rise the stronger the attraction.
The production of that brand of com-
. modlty Is accelerated beyond the requirements of the market and i the
price falls below the prices of commodities of .similar value, cancelling the
previous rise.
Thus the law of value ast-terts Itself
Indirectly and by roundabout methods,
bringing commodities in the long run
to exchange one with another at their
exchange values.
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Hones
and Shetland Ponies for Bale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Berry Bros.
Agents tor Clevelend Cycles.
one Hereto with the SUpetetto."
Full line of eecessorlee
Repslrs promptly executed
'"") -CM-RUM 9-Jf. «.
RUBIO
Aak Your
BARBER
For'   -m
AFTER A SHAVE
•17 aoaiow t-ran-v
■ffcoaa .Wymomr 4401
XtAsTOKBT:—Owner has a few I 1-4
and 6 .t-4 acre farms, 12 miles from New
Westminster, near B. c. E, R. Rich soli;'
suitable for fruit and gardening. Wishes
to rell at once and will take on-third
leas than price of surrounding property.
Three year terms. No Interest No
Agents, for full particulars apply Box
2348, North Vancouver.
When your Grocery Bill
comes due, why not
pay it to yourself?
v Did you ever think of tb* tremendous difference
it would make to you, were you on the other side of
the cash register when pay-day comet round t
Perhaps you did, but you immediately concluded
there was no use—the more you thought about'it the
more disgusted you became.
With beef-steak rapidly climbing into the realm
of luxuries, and wages remaining practically station*
ary, the butcher bill is even worse tban the grocers.
Still, the butcher and the grocer can't help it.
Neither can the baker. Some of them are failing
every day. They are all competing against one
another, wasting time, money and energy—and you
pay the bills.
Some of the people in Vancouver have become
tired of it. They have organized themselves into an
association Which is already supplying them and
others with groceries and will soon supply them with.
till other household necessities.
Their store in here in the Labor Temple. Wage
and salary earners entirely' own and control it.
Whatever profits are made are given back to tbem
in the shape of either yearly dividends or monthly
rebates, or both,
In this way when they pay their grocery bills
.they are really taking the money out of their pocket
with one hand and putting it in the cash register
with the other.
When we get fully organized and secure larger
store space it is our intention to branch out into
meats, hardware, clothing, furniture, in fact everything needed in the house.
How about yourself f   Which side of the cash
register are you onf If you persist on being on.the
wrong side of course we cannot interest you, but you .
should at least investigate this, and see how easy it
will be for you to change your position.
Try us for" groceries. Our stook is fresh and
pure. Service courteous, delivery prompt. Use the
telephone. No left-over, worn-out stock at eye-catching prices, but pure-food articles at prices as low as
, elsewhere, or lower, Information gladly given any
time.-
LABOB TEMPLE 419 DUNSMUIR ST.
PHONE SEYMOUR 6480.
CO-OPERATIVE STORES
410 Dunsmuir St.
LIMITED
Vancouver, Can.
"Watch Us Grow" PAGE *FrV©
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
DECEMBER 20, Ull.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1899
Psid-up Capital,
Reserve
Tots! Assets
$ 11,500.000
12,500,000
175,000,000
WE ALLOW IN-
TEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
buckets will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
THE BANK OF
VANCOUVER
Ks-aA OSes    -     TanoonTsr, B.C.
Anttortssa Capital 19,000,000
•abMribad Capital 1,1 ••.•00
Mid Up Capital     890,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed In lt
by the people, and It ts always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management
Tou account very eordlally
■ollcittd.
on eHuurcns
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts,
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
villa St
Pender St  Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
L. W. SHATFORD,
General Manager.
W. B. JARDINE,
Assistant General Manager.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument ot financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of 91
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St West
Cor.
VAHOO
Hastings ani
FOOUVEB,
and Carrall Streets
- B.O.
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Label is Sewed'J
in the Pockets
0 It Stands for sll thst Union
Lsbor Stands (or.
SPECIALISTS IN
PRINTING
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Tsmpls        phons Ssy. 4400
NEW 11 A T» C
FALL «A  1 O
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
GLOVES
—AT—
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(ftrpbnmt
THEATRE
The Home of High-Clsis
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
I LLC.
1ST
Published weekly by The B. C. Feder-
atlonist. Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 10,000 organized wage-
workers.
Issued every Friday morning.
President Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. VV. Wilkinson
Vice-President 3. McMillan
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Managing-Editor......I!. Parm. Pettlplece
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FRIDAY DECOMBER 27. 1912
THE NEXT STEP.
The older we get snd the more experience we gather, the more convinced we become that names, after
all, don't matter very much. It Is the
object that counts. Atter haling decided on the object, the next ln order
ot consideration Is the means ot attaining that object.
The object we wish to specifically
refer to Just now is the socialisation
ot the means ot wealth production.
For manv years patt we have considered It our cbiet duty, snd found It
our grestest pleasure ln life, to endeavor to convince the workers that
they should, and eventually must,
combine for the attainment of this
object.
One thing Is certain—that object
will never be attained until enough of
the workers realise Its necessity, and
another thing la equally certain, Judging by results on the political field,
that slow, If any progress, Is being
made In this part of the world In this
direction.
Now, we happen to be so fortunate
as to be very optimistic by nature,
and our optimism Is as great as ever
at the present time. We know that
the little .work we have done in the
past has not been in vain; We know
that the labors of such rebels as
Kingsley, Mortimer, Hawthornthwalte,
O'Brien, Harrington, Leheney, Simpson, Volkovskl and a host of others,
most ot whom have, through death or
for other causes, dropped out of the
flght, have borne, or will yet bear,
fruit
We know that all over the Dominion, and especially ln thla Western
country, there are a great number ot
workers, quiescent at present, who
will rally to the standard of labor on
the political field when the right sort
of call Is made. We do not wonder
that they are quiescent at present In
some esses, no doubt. It is because
they have grown weary, but we are
convinced that ln most cases lt is
through disgust at the state of things
on the political field from a labor
point ot view—a disgust which we confess we share,
We claim tbls disgust ts Justified,
but are not going to dwell on the matter, as we are looking forward, not
backward.
The question Is:   What to do nowT
A great deal Is said about scientific
socialism. It seems to ub the most
scientific socialism Is the socialism
which gets there.
The object once being stated, the
more simple and clear the arguments
In Us favor, the more scientific they
are; the more effective the means of
attaining the object the more scientific those means.
We may become so scientific (?)
thst we spend all our time wrangling
over words, heresy-hunting, hairsplitting 'and criticising adversely
what others an doing, while doing
nothing ourselves.
As far as we are concerned we
would sooner see anything done than
nothing.
To come to the point It is our
opinion that It Is up to the B.C. Feder
atlon of Labor, as such, to go Into
politics—on clear, uncompromising,
working class lines. After* much
thought, we have become convinced
that this Is the only effective way of
dealing with the problem. We ex-
pect criticism of all kinds on this
stand, but we know that the stand
we take is already taken oy many, lt
la necessary for someone to take this
stand publicly tor the flrst time, and
lt seems to us the time has arrived
for that stand to be mads.
When the workers of the world de-
cide to quit doing the lighting there
will be sn end to war.
It the Industrial pay roll o. this pre
vlnce were transferred to the voters'
lists,the" workers would have no ex.
ciise for not electing members of their
own disss to legislate for them.
If a Jobless worker goes on the
street and begs he Is spt to get thirty
days. This begging graft Is reserved
for the exclusive use of organisations masquerading under the cloak of
religion.  "Keep the pot abollin'."
The fact that big corporation representatives hate the ground certain
"attornlea" for unions walk on should
be taken as a certificate of loyalty.
Look out tor "union" officials that re-
calve praise from the employers'
press.
If one watches closely they-will gen-
tally flnd that the member who deplores Independent political action on
the part of the working class is busy
around election times pulling off some
dark-lantern stunt with old-party politicians. '
It has been discovered that 85 per
cent, ot the money contributed to the
welfare^ association of Kansas City
goes for salaries and only 15 per cent,
reaches the poor. It may be something of a scandal, but, after all, "It's
business."
One drawback to having the American Federation of Labor not only committed to political action but to one
working class political party would be
the destruction of any opportunity for
"leaders" tb dicker with old-party politicians about election time. The exchange value of being an "Independent" must not be overlooked. Political contortionists of the Sammy Landers type who run "Independent" labor
papers would have an awful time If
the political policy of organised labor
were definitely fixed. It's so convenient to be free to pan-handle old-party
"friends of labor" in tbe guise of election cards every once ln a while!
Every wage-worker in British Columbia should be a member of a union.
The union is what the membership
make it. If working conditions are to
be improved, if wages are to be increased, it legislation Is to be Becured,
it must be made the business of someone to do it. The per capita tax, to
the Individual, is insignificant, but tbe
aggregate sum makes it possible to
employ the most competent of the
membership to secure for wage-workers what they themselves have not the
time to go after. The employer cannot always discharge a union official,
though ofttlmes he creates slimy stories for the consumption of his employees. Just ae the big corporations
employ solicitors and attornles, so
must the trade unions employ representatives to loos after the interests
of their membership. If, however, the
unions desire to get permanent results
they will have to make up their minds
to transfer a few of their business
agents to the legislative pay roll of
their respective Capital Cities. Necessity Is rapidly compelling the workers
to take the correct line of action.
Tho delegates (A.F. of L. convention) evidently represented the average opinions of the members of the
unions that sent them. The more progressive element cannot go ahead very
far until these others become convinced of the necessity of adopting
their Ideas. To educate them to that
point we must stay with them; accept
the verdict of the majority while we
continue our work of education. We
may become Impatient, disheartened
by the inertia of the mass, but we
cannot go far ahead of the mass. We
can only lead our fellow workers ln
the light by staying with them. We
have the right on our side. Grim
necessity will continue to forward our
programs. The one fatal mistake we
could make would be to sever our relations with those who, In time, will
be forced to see the logic of our position. In each convention the minority,
representing the real leaders, is becoming more formidable. Let us stick
with them until we become the majority.—United Mine Workers' Journal.
Lecky, In the fifth chapter of his
"History of European Morals," says:
"There has arisen tn society a figure
which Is certainly the most mournful,
and ln some respects the most awful,
upon which the eye of the moralist
can dwell. That unhappy being whose
very name Is a shame to speak; who
counterfeits with a cold heart the
transports of affection, and submits
herself as the passive Instrument of
lust; who is scorned and Insulted aa
the vilest ot her sex, and doomed, for
the most part, to disease and abject
wretchedness and an early death, appears in every age as the perpetual
symbol of the degradation and the
sinfulness of man. Herself the supreme type ot virtue, she is ultimately
Ihe most efficient guardian of virtue.
But for her, the unchallenged purity of
countless homes would be polluted,
and not a few who, ln the pride of
their untempted chastity, think of her
with an indignant shudder, would have
known the agony of remorse and of
despair. On that one degraded and
Ignoble form are concentrated the
passions that might have filled the
world with shame. She remains,
while creeds and civilisations rise and
fall, the eternal priestess of humanity,
blasted tor the sins of the people."
The capitalist party of Canada Is
very busy and very happy these daya.
Just now Its two sections are greatly
elated at having found an Issue of
minor Importance over which they
can'declaim and debate, and therefore befool the people Into thinking
that although one has succeeded the
other in office without any vital
change of policy, that there is still
some fundamental difference between
them. The difference between tweedle-
dee and tweedle-dum is a most
marked contrast Indeed when compared to the artificial lines of separation on an alleged naval policy which
are supposed to divide the two sections of the capitalist party Into conservative and liberal. We are now
to be treated-to a very realistic parliamentary sham battle—In full dress,
the dispatches say—between the two
political regiments ot capital, and
doubtless some of the explosions of
hot air will make a noise like a real
flght. This will be very amusing to
those who know and understand, and
will provide a fair substitute for mental food for those who think they
think, if the conservative and liberal
wings of the capitalist bird of prey
were to start to debate on their main
point of agreement which is fundamental to both, the utter depravity of their
common master—Capital—and Its
right to exploit and defraud labor
would make many of their political
dupes in the working class open their
eyes in amazement when they came to
understand the real hut hidden principle of both conservative and liberal.
—Alberta Federatlonist.
scullln's Vlctoris Mesl Ticket,
Only a few months ago the emls
series of the local Industrial Peace
Association collected large sums from
the merchants and other prominent
people of this city. The ladles worked
on a commission basis, and were most
Importunate In their demands. Since
that time a very disastrous strike has
been ln progress on Vancouver Island,
and Victorians have suffered as a result. We have not heard, however,
that-the local branch of the Industrial
Peace Association has taken any action to try to bring about a settlement. Apparently the Scullenltes
work only for Sculleu, and not really
In the interests of Industrial Peace.
We are surprised that several prominent clergymen and business men
should continue to lend their names to
a lake movement that has wormed
money from people's pockets and
given absolutely nothing in' return.
We do not want this to be constructed
Into an attack on the men who were
Induced to Join the Scullen organisation. We have too much respect for
them to do that. We think, however,
that they should either see that the
society acta up to its professions or
they should publicly withdraw. It
was largely because of the influential
names that were connected with the
local branch that people dug down for
the-dollars when the lady canvassers
appeared on the scene.—Victoria
News.
Old Country Miners' Wsy.
The Welsh Miners' Federation, in
convention, have recommended that
the sum ot $50,000 be Invested In The
Dally Citlsen, Arrangements are now
being completed to have The Citlsen
published simultaneously at Manchester and London.
The Liberty to Enslave.
To own slaves lt is not necessary
to own men. It Is quite sufficient to
own the means of their work. You
have them as surely one way as the
other. Indeed, you have them at even
a worse advantage under wage slavery
than under chattel slavery. For under chattel slavery you had to maintain them when tbey were sick, or
when one piece ot work was finished
and another was not ready to begin.
But under wage slavery you avoid that
responsibility. You can turn them
out into the streets, and can even get
up a reputation for philanthropy by
subscribing to the unemployed fund
got up for their relief. Liberty, then,
ln the capitalist sense, means the
liberty to enslave men through their
work and to bring them into as perfect
subjection to the capitalist from the
responsibility of saving his slaves
from starving.—Fred Henderson, M.P,
0. T. P. Strike Settled.
After a strike or lock-out lasting
over a year the Machinists' and Boilermakers' Union have secured a settlement with the Grand Trunk Pacific
Railway Co. On this occasion It must
be admitted that the Federal Depart-
ment of Labor proved of some value to
the strikers, as through the peculiar
circumstances surrounding the conditions between the government and
the railway company regarding the
Transcona shops It was possible to
bring pressure to bear that could not
be warded off. A federal board of Inquiry had been Instituted early ln the
-dispute, but tbe company ignored the
decision, and the strike resulted, lt
has been a bitter fight, and one that
organised labor In general will be glad
to see terminated, Inasmuch as the
men have secured tentative terms that
make a settlement possible, chief of
which Is recognition. The company
has agreed to accept the findings of a
board that will be appointed by the
Labor Department ln the spring to
adjust matters not covered ln the present agreement.
Why We Organise.
One of the greatest dangers that beset organisation of labor Is the ever
readiness on the part of many to mag-
nlfy the shortcomings of some of the
members. There Is a too great tendency to let petty and personal differences overshadow the real purpose
of our organisations.
We are not organised through any
great love that we may feel for each
other, or through religious belief, or
through political aspirations or ties,
but through the overwhelming necessity of united action to gain better
living conditions, to elevate the men-
tal, moral and physical standard of ourselves and those dependent upon us.
It Is our purpose to raise wages, to
put our children ln schools, the
women in the homes, where the true
instincts of their nature may reach
their highest stage of development
When men and women are forced
Into competition with their offspring
In the Industrial world In order to earn
a bare exltsence, It Is nothing less
than a crime; It Is a blast upon the
claims of civilisation. The savage
beast of the forest does not live upon
the toll of its young, no bird lives upon
the effort of Its fledgling; man Is the
only creature of the universe that lives
by the sweaOand tears of youth and
chlldbrooSSj-Harry Call, In Shingle
Weaver.'
Enemies as an Asset.
You can't make real success without
making real enemies.
You can't, hold a strong position
without strong opposition.
You won't seem right to any If you
don't seem wrong to many.
A useful life can't be entirely peaceful and care-free.
You must do your duty as you see tt.
Every earnest man In every generation has paid the price of Individuality.
You can't dodge.
The greater you are, the greater the
penalty of your progress. The far
ther you go,, the wider you range, the
more you Increase the points of con.
tact with which you must reckon; and,
therefore, you multiply your battles
against misconception and slender and
malice.
You can't avoid or evade your allotted destiny—you can only hold your
share of trouble by holding back.
In every sphere men gibe and sneer
—even the peace ot the ditch-digger is
threatened by the unemployed laborer
who covets his Job.
So long as you ssplre, others will
conspire.
You'll have hostility to face In every
place and at every pace.
Go straight on to your goal.
So long as your conscience Isn't
ashamed to acknowledge you as a
friend, don't you give a rap for your
enemies.—Herbert Kaufman.
Private Datsotlves In Unions.
An officer of one of the local unions
haa handed the federatlonist a set of
Instructions to private detectives employed by a local Secret Service company. The detectives are called
"operatives," and are placed ln the
shops of unions by the companies to
make daily reports on everything they
hear. There are 51 questions to be
answered dally, among them being the
following: ,
"No. 17—Do you note any dissatisfaction on the part of employees ln
regard to wages?  State ln full.
No. 26—What man exerts the greatest Influence, and to What extent? To
whom do employees look for advice ln
the event of labor disputes?
"No. 26—Report conversation
amongst the men ln relation to factory affairs. If such Is Important,
name those who participated in same."
It can be seen from the above how
employees keep In dose touch with
unton affairs, and how they can readily distinguish whether some resolution or wsges demand passed by the
local Is only a bluff, or whether it is
backed by a united and firm determination of the men to enforce their
demands.
The following advice to "operators" Is found ln the Instructions: "It
Is at all times essential that you plaoe
yourselves ln the position of the
owner of the plsnt. Judge from this
viewpoint the way the factory ahould
be run. Do not be oversealous ln
pushing things along." .
To beginners, this advice la given:
"Never for a moment allow yourself
to think that your mission Is known
amongst the employees wtll you have
a very good reason to believe lt. An
operative is rarely, ever, known as
such by the employees, and even then
It Is only made by his own Indiscreet
tongue ln telling relatives and very
near friends. Never allow prejudice
or favor to color your opinions—be
absolutely Impartial and loyal to the
company." . ,.
SHOW ME THE UNION LABEL
Show me the union label,
And prove you're a union man.
Don't adopt some ruse, with a lame
excuse—
That's the artful dodger's plan.
Do not be a sweatshop agent—
An "alias" union man.
When you're asked to show the label,
"Get by" fairly, If you can.
Show me the union label;
It's proof you're on the square.
You have no excuse to offer
If the label isn't there.
With union cards some still believe
That ends it, there and then;
But the union label's treasured
By all loyal union men.
Show me the union label
On your garments, hat and shoes;
Show me the union label
On the things you wear and use.
If your unionism's of the kind
That reaches to the core,
When you're asked to show the label
You'll  "come through" without a
roar.
—Thomas H. West.
A NEW YEAR'S RESOLUTION.
By BILL UNO.
Though rich ln a lordly palace,
Or poor In a squalid pen,
We each on New Year's morning
Make high resolves again,
The coming year will flnd us,
We pledge, more kind and true
To those who travel with us
Whle lite we Journey through.
And then before the evening
We scold the office boy,
Or call the boss a tyrant,
Or some one else annoy.
In short, we're Just the sixpence
That passed a year before;
The same old face a smiling,
But worn a little more.
Still, New Year's resolutions
Are not entirely bad,
And help to show the heart within,
And keep ft warm and glad.
So here's my resolution,
And may you vote an aye:
We'll surely find the sunBhne,
If there's any ln the sky.
A MODERN BONNIVARD.
(Dedicated to B. V. Debs.)
A score of years our leader,
Our comrade in the van,
With fearless, hardy manhood
He fought the tyrant's plan.
Recked not of Iosb or sorrow
That on himself might fall,
While through those years ot trouble
He nobly served ub all.
His life for ours he gives, men,
For life or death Ib he -
Our loyal friend and leader,
The foe of tyranny.
•J
But tyranny still lives, men,
A fiendish, vengeful go'ul,
And seeks to bind our comrade
In prison dark and foul".
A He for their Indictment,
A bribe to seal bis fate
With mercenary Jury
And judges ot the state.
No ransom will be give, men,
No quarter does he cry;
H« Is fighting for our freedom-
Shall we sleep and let film die?
—ANN EXILE.
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1,00 a Month
B. O. FEDERATION OP LABOR—
Meets tn annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1912-13: Presl-
dent, J. \V. Wilkinson; vIce-pre->l(JentB,
Clem Stubbs. B. D. Grant, J. H. McVi-ty,
?• P* Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Slverti
J. J. Taylor: nec-treas., v. R. Mldgley.
Box 1044. Vancouver,
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets flrvt and tlilnl Thuradaya.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, preaident;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; A,
BeaAey, statistician: J. H. McVety,
^ergt.-at-arms; P. A. Hoover, W. J,
Pipes, E. Tralnor, trustee-,.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday In month.
President, E, Jarman; vjce-pre"tdent.
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England,
P. ». Box 16.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety. James Brown, Edward Lothian,
.lamer* Campbell. J. \\\ Wilkinson. It. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan Murdock Mc-
Kenilc. Managing director, J. H. Mc
Vety. Room 211.   Sey. G360; •
AMALGAMATKD SOCIETY OF CAR-
pentera and Joiners—Room 209.
Sev. 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. ana 4 to 5 p,m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday tn Room 802.
BAKERS*  AND CONFEC
tloners' Local No.  u—
Meets  second  nnd  fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. Pros-
* Tini-w n   'dent,   J.    Ktnnalrd;   r-jr-
'. •fl-'Ji-WIt ..*■'    responding   secretary.    W.
■"••'^•■fWp ■   Rogers,, Room 220, Labor
Tomple:  financial  secretary.  V,  Robin-
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 120—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m, Presl
dent, Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Charles Brown; secretary-business
agent. C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
Hey. 1776.
BARTENDERS'    LEAGUE    NO.    676-
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
each month, 7:80 p. m„ Room 808. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. Mae-
Donald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey. 488 (Yale Hotel).  __
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No, '617—Meets
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday. 8 p.m.
Preaident, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; flnancral secretary, L,
H. Burnham, Room 804.   flgy\ 1880.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraaer
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vlce-prealdent, J. W.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thos,
Lindsay, Box 88, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A, Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt.  Lindsay; conductor, ;A. Conaher;
warden, B. Hall.	
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
T. A. Seeley; secretary, A, W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 689.	
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
807. President, James Htulett; corresponding secretary, W. 8, Dagnall, Box
J3; financial secretary, F. H. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
218.   Sey. 8799.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 n.m.
President, F. Barclay, 368 Cordova East;
secretary, A, Fraser, 1161 Howe Btreet.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES AND GENERAL
Laborers' Union.—Meets flrst and
third Fridays, Labor Temple, 8 p. m.
President P, Hurst; secretary, E.
Tralnor, -Room 220, Labor Temple.
CIGARMAKERS'    LOCAL,    NO.    367—
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
f,m. President, Robert J. Craig; secre-
ary, J. C. Peuser, Kurtz Cigar Factory;
treasurer, 8, W. Johnson. 	
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHER 8',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.m,
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F, Campbell, Box 482. Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 482, or 1008 Burrard street,
Suit Special at $15
Wo hold und can maintain by proof of 'service as well aa style, .
that men  who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of  value and  satisfaction   than  any  smaller  or  less  experienced
store can give.
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we have marked to sell at 916.00. You will be surprised at the
smart style* and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns In tweeds, other tweeds as well In grey and green
mixtures and Worsteds, too, for those who want them.
■KJMPIPI.T ■■BYIOaABLa AB» MMaVB OTJBCOACT
rom tio.00.
These are coat* that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
In any way.
The material-* are tweeds In smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs ln brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat Is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars,
David Spencer
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Stoves and Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds ot Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
W.R. OWEN
2337 MAIN STREET.
PHCNE FAIR. 447.
THE KING OF SKATES
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
STAR Skates, all that a skate can be.... 75o to $6.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75c to $6.00
GREAr CHOICE OP SKATING UOOTS
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
J. A.   rLbl  1,   LrlMITEL) Phone SsymourW
Hardware and Tools
<1 A Splendid stock of tlie best in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in onr line.
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 684
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
219,—Meets Room 901, every Monday
9 p. m. President, W. P. Corn vice-president, Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A, A. McDonald, 6 Lome street east; flnanolal secretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
Jones, Room 907, Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
991 (Insldo Men)—Meet every Friday Room 90S 9 p.m. President S. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent. F. L, Est-
Inghausen, Room 902.   Sey. 2349.
GLASS WORKERB' LOCAL, NO, 40—
Meets SKond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary. A. O.
Hettler, 426 Dufferln street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1239.
LONQSHOREMENS' INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 39 x 62—Meeta
every Friday evening, 133 Water street
President, O. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nixon. 133 Water street.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt. Thompson; recording
secretary, J, Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety,   Bey. 9990.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. ot M.—
Meets second Sunday ot eaoh month, 940
Robson street. President, J, Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 198—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H, Murry: flnanolal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1999 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
SHEET METAL WORKERS'. LOCAL
No. 280—Meets every Thursday. 7:30
p.m., Room 302. President, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 931
Drake street; flnanolal secretary, Ed.
Dormooy.
STONECUTTERS',       VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets "econd Tuesday, 8:00
f».m. President, J. Marshall: correspond-
ng secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
flnanolal secretary, K, McKensle.
STBJ-ET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 179, City Heights
P.O.; flnanolal secretary, Fred A, Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
TAILORS. VANCOUVER BRANCH NO.
179—Meetings held flrst Friday ln
each month, 9 p.m. President. H. Nord-
land; secretary, W. W, Hooken, P.O. Box
909; flnanolal secretary, L. Wakley, Box
608.
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No, 92—Meets first and third
Wednesdays each month, 9 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P. O, Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 228—
Meets last Sunday each month. 2:90
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president. O. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 98.
PATRONIZE    B     C.     FEDERATIONIST
ADVERTISERS—AND TELL THEM WHY.
tictobua, a. o.
VICTORIA TRADEB AND LABOR
Counoll—Meets every flrst and thhd
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 791 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slverts, Box 902,
Victoria, B. C.
-saw was-ncxaTtniB, a. o.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES 4k
Labor Council—Meets every second ,
and fourth Wednesday at 9 p.m., In
Labor Hall. President R. A. Stoney;
flnanolal secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P, O. Box
934.   The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFITTERS' Local 496—Meeta every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall.
7:80 p.m. President, D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 9(8, New
Westminster, B, C,
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
penters, Local Union No. 1839—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.
KIMBERLEY MINERS' UNION, NO. 100
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, tn Union Hall.
President, E. A. Hlnes; secretary-treasurer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
No. 2999, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Outhrie; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth. B. C.        ■:
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W. of A.
—Meeta every Sunday in District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:90 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B, C.
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO. 89,
Western Federation ot Miners—
Meets every Wednesday evening, in
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent
President, Bam Stevens; secretary, Her-
bert Varcol. Box 421. Rossland, B, C.
TRAIL'MILL AND SMELTERMBN'B
Unlon, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:90 p.m. Presldsnt,
George Castell; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 28, Trail, B. C,
.—.v—— JTAirTXD— For Squamlsh
school; salary, 976 per month, Apply
to H. Judd, secretary, Brackendale P.
O., B. C.
MADE
Beer
AND
Porter
^cfe> Of America  rlc"*-**
C0ST9I9MT «1«»D9 HAS* MSI8TIS80 I SOS
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Would it not be advisable for you to Secure this improved form of lighting?  :
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp' counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary carbon lamp. „.
-.'     For the convenience of osr customers we;. •. : ", ,.';
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an •     ' '.
approved type in stock    '•"- ,
Carrall snd
Hsstings Street
B.G.ELEGTRIG
VANCOUVER, B. C.
1138 Granville St.
near Davie

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