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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 17, 1913

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Array :tW,- •-:■.•:.■.■• ,":0..-- ,- ■•••.'•   •NlJ.W.l^l|5^iP•W!P•J|!a»PI
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERAT1
INDUSTRIAL UNITY! STRIWOTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
FIFTH YEAR.    NO. Bit *H^ No. ni. Watch your address label
VANCOUVER, B. C.? FSIPAY, JANUARY 17,1913.
ORGANIZATION OF TIMBER WORKERS
A POWER IN THE LABOR WORLD
WP/ X OF AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY
FROM POLITICAL POINT OF VIEW
P
L. HADDON, Sydney, N.8.W. •
re are two active political par
ties ln Australia, the Liberals and the
Laborltes; and there are seven parliaments—six State and one Federal—
In which the balance ot power Is divided between these two parties. Thus,
In New South Wales and Victoria, the
two chief states, the former hu a
Labor government holding office by a
small margin, while In the latter the
Liberals have a good working majority.
Queensland has a Liberal government,
the Laborltes having been turned out
of office as a result of the general
strike some time ago tn Brisbane.
In Western Australia the Libor* party
Is In power, and so It IS ln the Federal
House, sitting tor the time'being In
Melbourne, where Prime Minister
Fisher has a comfortable majority
These two parties have the political
arena all to themselves, and the Issue
throughout Australia, In .Federal and
State legislature alike, is between these
two—a clear-cut, hand to hand light be.
tween the moneyed class and the workers. That, at any rate, is how the
situation Is generally regarded, though
there are some who hold a different
opinion.
Let us look at the origin and makeup of the two parties, and see whether
it is so, for we Canadians are apt to be
Bceptlcal In regard to Labor Parties,
and we know that,Liberalism means
anything at all, according to climate
and location.
To begin wltb, where are the old parties who, np to the last tour or five
years, fought and argued ln our halls
of leglslaturer-the Freetraders and
the Protectionists, the Liberals and
Tories who followed them, the Federa
ttonistB and antl-Federationlsts, and
what not? All gone. Labor had not
awakened ln their day—at least, not
sufficiently to prove an obstacle. The
er.rl-iylng class ruled without opposl
(Ion, and so divided itself Into factions
whlrh tbe worker li'ndly supported.
Then came the awakening. Labor
found I's strength, and showed signs of
asserting;' It And now a wonderful
thin? himnened! These time-honored
parties, these hitherto implacable foes
—they all forgot their (actional bitterness and party ideals, and formed
themselveB Into one glorious brother-
hood A common enemy had appeared
at their gate—a big strong enemy—and
they united under one banner to crush
him. And so we find In Australia a
unique political party, embracing all
those sects which, under different circumstances and In other times and
places, would call themselves Tories,
Liberals, Republicans or Democrats—
In other Words, a.united Capitalistic
party—at. peace within its own ranks,
but at war with the long-subservient',
but now rebellious, producing class, as
renresenfed by the Labor Party.
' Tbls amalgamation of factions Is
'•nown as tb» ' Iberal Party, and by
some aB the Fusionlsts. It has an elaborate and nicely-worded platform,
which It Is .not neocrrary to Bet down
here. The make-up of the party
should speak for Itself.
The Labor party bad Its Inception in
the sending to the New South Wales
parliament twenty years ago of several
working men—Jacob Garrard and
others—to watch the Interests ol the
workers of the state—"to sen what
was doing," and report back.
jam outniu,
-rststaiat B. 0. TtemMom, Ltd., ana ■eeretsn-Tisaaam Tmoouysi tm4»s
sod Lasos Ooaaeu.
the workers.   They began to Include we iuuiu uoilnea, ana' iuo issue more
men did-watch, but they did very little
of a political nature for some years.
Gradually Increasing numerically,
they came to .be known as the Labor
party, but were a labor party ln name
only . They voted for the Government
or the Opposition aB occasion arose,
to secure some paltry palliative for
in their ranks men who had no sympathy with the class of labor, but
merely took advantage of a gullible
working class to secure their election
to the legislature. But this condition
ot things gradually changed. Labor
became better organised. The doctrines of Socialism became more or
less Infused through the workers, who
began to select men directly from
their own ranks, and send them to
the house 'with a definite platform
laid down In their unions and trades
councils. Their demands were at first
modest, and aimed at such Ideals as a
universal eight-hour day and a white
Australia.. The accomplishment of
these and similar objects gave conn-
deuce to Labor, and It came to be regarded by the old-time legislators as
power to be reckoned with and
feared.
During these developments ln Labor
circles, Australian politicians were
framing a scheme for the union of the
Colonies Federation, , K waa held;
would offer an effective barrier to the
progress of Labor. Bald Edmund Barton, one of the fathers ot federation,
and Australia's first Prime Minister:
"Let us form a Commonwealth, an
electorate so vast that the voice of
Labor shall be lost." Well, federation
Is an accomplished fact, and the voice
of Labor is still heard, and, moreover,
it Is heeded. With the union of the
States came the federation of organised labor—the uplifting and education of the workers, and Sir Edmund
lived to see the affairs of his Ideal
Capitalistic Commonwealth admlnis-
These teret* by a Duncn °' working men.
Such, then, is the position ln Australian politics today. Labor haB
learned Its power, and has consolidated Its forces to assert that power:
Capital has arrayed itself In a solid
phalanx to crush lt. The position Ib
the same as In other civilised countries, except that the opposing sides
OUR JANUARY
SALE NO W ON
Buyers now not only save money
but they get the same reliable
stocks as we sell the year round
WE USE OUR
CLEARANCE SALE
as a medium to clear out seasonable lines, so that we shall not
carry goods from one season tb
another. Adopting this method
our stocks are continuously fresh
Everything in the Store
Reduced During Sale
With the exception of liquors, groceries and
a few contract lines
BUY NOW AND SAVE
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER Of QRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
mar-cut unu ueluuie.
That the workers, in the face of tremendous opposition, muiuuiug mat or
j. powertui ana estaohsueu press, nave
„6ue remarkably goou wo, a in piuc-
.ug themselveB ln a position wuere
...ey can, If they win, u.c.ato tueir
omo. terms, must be couceuwi oy au.
-uey have performed a icai in orgagn-
.tdiion anu education pernaps un-
i,aralellea in the hiBtory ui laoor. as
co whether they are uting ineir power
m tne right way, opinion is to some
extent divided, is trie moor tarty ol
.vUBtrana a labor party 111 name only,
ox a labor party ln fact i ib it mereiy
pandering to the moneyed class, or is
,i socialistic? Let us look Into the
matter.
First ot all, what does this Labor
•'arty stand tor? I have beiore me a
araft ot the Labor Party's piattorm,
and also tne Principles and frograin
of the Social-Democratic party
under which olugene uetis was nominated tor the presidency. The two
piattorms are indention in all salient
matures. Like the Socialists of the
united States, the Laborltes realize
that the Capitalistic system is no
longer capable ot meeting me problems now confronting society, and
aims at the ultimate attainment of a
oo-oporative Commonwealth. Wltn
this aim In view. Its policy Is to secure such measures ot reuef aB lt can
force from Capitalism, as a preparation for the workers to lay hold of
the whole system of socialized industry. These measures include the acquisition ot all public utilities at pre-
sent controlled, by private corpora-
ions; the conservation of the lives
and Wellbetng of tbe workerB by
shortening the hours of labor anu
raising wages, and the prohibition ot
child labor; the suostltutlon of day
labor for the contract Bystem; universal suitrage, and so forth. Many of
these relief measures are already accomplished facta. The railways are.
state owned, so are the tramways,
telegraphs, telephones, and other utlll-
t.es. 1 propose to deal more fully
with these later." The universal buu-
rage has come to stay, and every
auult, male or female, In the Commonwealth, has the same voting power,
ine condition of the worker, so far
as legislation can regulate that con-
(Coutlnued on Page 4.)
THE CONVENTION
The third*, annual convention
of tht British Columbia Federation of Labor Is now In session
at Vleiorla.
Matters which concern deeply
•very* worker In the Province
will come up for discussion,
Watch tor Convention Number
next weak.
LETTER CARRIERS HOLD
INTERESTING MEETING;
Regular monthly meeting of Branoh
12 Federated Association of Letter
Carriers held In Labor Temple, Jan.
3rd, Bro. John Cass, President, ln the
chair. New officers for rJl3 Installed
and the Branch declared to be "In
order" by Past President Bro. W. A.
Squires. Election of delegates to biannual convention, wblch takes place
in Winnipeg next August, resulted ln
Jrou. Squires and Cass being the
choice of the meeting, with Bros. Buck
and Carr alternatives.
Much discussion took place over the
fact that many houses, particularly
ln the west end, South Vancouver,
North Vancouver and many office
buildings bave no place in them for
the receipt of letters.
Suggested tbat the public be respectfully requested to provide against
annoyance and delay by having letter
drops put In their .doors. It was
thought also that the building inspector may be able to help out In thte
matter by having a clause added to the
building bylaw providing for the installation of mall receptacles lu the
-door. A committee, consisting ot
Bros. Squires, Cssb and Egan, were
elected to go further Into this matter.
A most Interesting event took place
during the meeting, when Bob. 0. P.
Cubs was presented with a purse of
gold and an address in honor of his
long years of faithful service on behalf of Branch 12, as secretary-
treasurer.
The President, In an appropriate
manner, presented Bro. Cass with the
address, and Bro. Cass responded in
his usual sincere manner, saying that
although retired from the office ot
secretary, his services would ever be
at the call of the association.
The address, which really was a
work of art, was printed on parchment, and contained the names of the
members of Branch 12, and reflects
much credit on Bro. 0. J. Tanner,
whose artistic lien was responsible for
Its production.
Meeting adjourned at 10.80, to meet
again the flrst Friday In February.
W. A. S.
MINERS' CONVENTION AT
NELSON FAMES VERY
IMPORTANT RESOLUTIONS
Diitriot No. 6, W. F. ol M., Will
Bring Mitten of Serious In-
.  ter-wt Before Ltgiilature
The convention Of District 6 of the
Western Federation of Miners, which
concluded its deliberations at Nelson,
on January 10th, hat. resulted In the
advocation ot some very Important
amendments being adopted with a
view to their enactment, regarding
the Workmen's Compensation Act and
the Eight Hour Law. 'Legislation providing that workers acquiring miner's
phthisis and other diseases resulting
from employment under unhealthful
conditions may eeeur* compensation
as under the Workmen's Compensation Act, and that the B.C. Workmen's
Compensation Act be brought in conformity with the Alberta Workmen's
Compensation Act The extension of
the Eight Hour Law to cover carpenters, machinists, boiler makers, helpers and chain gang workers working
around smelters waa submitted by
Trail.    ,
It was explained that this class of
workers had to work;under the same
conditions as regards smelter fumes,
etc., as tbe regular smelter workers,
and yet had to work nine hours. President "BUI" DavldBon explained that
such proposed legislation had been
presented ineffectually on several occasions by the Socialist members In
the House at Victoria. The resolution
was adopted, and the delegates to the
Federation of Labor" convention at
Victoria, Messrs. Percy W. Johnston
and James Cuthbertson, Instructed to
bring this matter to the attention ot
the delegates from alt over the province. Owing to an iccldent at the
Mother Lode mine, MR W. B. Mclsaac
of Ymlr, was unable to be present Mr.
A. J. Carter, Secretary-Treasurer of
District IS of the U. M. W. of A. conveyed to the convention fraternal
greetings from the eoal miners.
In his address to the convention he
spoke in regard to the conditions existing, as follows: The strike of the
coal miners in tbe Crows Nest Pass
during 1911, was a fight against tremendous odds. The cost to the mine-
workers was 1650,000, and the results,
taken as a whole, were a credit to the
organisation.
The membership of District 18 at
the present time was equally as strong
as ln any previous year at this season,
and was about 6,000." With regard to
the "Compensation" Act; he declared
that it appeared that the operators
were using the "workmen's" compensation act to bring about dissension
among the membership of the unlona.
It was up to the workers to compel
tbe legislature to make the amendments desired by the unions.
Mr. J. W. Bennett, representative
of the miners on the conciliation
board, wub present by Invitation and
was Introduced by President Davidson
who mode It clear that Mr. Bennett
was not present in bis capacity as a
member of the conciliation board.
Mr. Bennett, ln referring to the
growing need for solidarity among the
workers, said: "The spirit of solidarity, of putting aside little sectional
differences, was growing steadily.
There was no body of men doing
more for their fellow workers than
the Western Federation and the United Mlneworkers. Mr. McNIven, fair
wage officer tor the Western District
of Canada, also spoke. Mr. James
Cuthbertson ot Greenwood, was elected President, Mr. W. Davidson, retiring president, not being eligible, owing
to his position as member of the International Executive Board, "As long
sb honesty wears a rag and rascality a
robe, there Ib only one goal at which
labor should aim," declared Presidentelect Cuthbertson, who described that
goal as control of the means of production.
•  The lumber Industry Is) t*st pra-som I
mating Industry la Washington, Ore- i
gon, British Columbia, Nortlun Catt-
lornia. Northern Idaho iad Wwtsn
Montana.  Not Isw than IM^ workers aro employed ia th* forests tat
mills la this territory, wktsh pnt>.
tically embraces all of watt to kswwi'
as the Pacific Not-thwart.
Tha organised tore* oflahtrlatalt
same district total about IMM, ta:
other words, th* nrgaansrhn of tho
quarter ot a million toilers would mil-
uply the number ot organised mea hy
•ii. AND THE POWME OF LABOR
.VOULD BE MULTIPLIED ALMOtt
jsilfOND CALCULATION.
Take th* Grays Harbor dtttrkt aa
tnexamplo. Less than 2,000 avta ar*
at present organised. Thai* are scattered among decent of small traits,
. Ohalzatas, Boast of DinotoM, Taasoavs* Sato* -Mantle eisspsaj, Ltd.
ACCIDENT DEPRIVES
LABOR MOVEMENT OF
WELL KNOWN WORKER
As the result of a snowsltde at Dun-
edln mine at Sandon last Sunday,
which carried away the blacksmith
shop In which he waa working, Levi
R. Mclnnes, the well known Socialist
speaker, was killed. Levi was a
brother ot John Mclnnes, ex-M.L.A.
tor Grand Forks, and was well known
throughout this Province for the active work and Interest that he showed
In the working class movement. At
the convention of District 6 of the
Western Federation of Miners, which
was held recently at Nelson, a resolution of sympathy with the relatives
of the deceased was unanimously
adopted.
UNION MEETINGS
AT LABOR TEMPLE
FOR COMING WEEK
Sunday, Moving Picture Operators; Telegraphers, Mde. Mar-
rscbe; Society of Friends; Lettish Local.
Monday, Tailors; Electrical
Workers, 213; Bro. of Carpenters; Builders' Laborers.
. Tuesday, Sign Pajnters; Shinglers; Bookbinders; Amalgamated Carpenters; Loo. Firemen anu
Englnemen; Bricklayers.
Wednesday, Stereotypers; Cement WorkerB; Marble Cutters;
Sons of Scotland; Metal Trades
Council; Amal. Carpenters;
Street Rallwaymen, afternoon
meeting; Plumbers and Steamfltters. ■
Thursday, Trades and Labor
Council; Garment Workers; Barbers; Horseshoers; Sheet Metal
Workers; Painters ft Decorators; sMrble Cutters' Helpers;
Machinists.
Flday, Structural Iron Workers; Cooks' Union; Floorlayers;
Saturday, 26th, Bakers' Smoker.
VANCOUVER'S LABOlt
TEMPLE AB VIEWED
■V CALOARY UNIONIST.
The Alberta Federatnonist, says:
The average journeyman tourist who
wanders hltherward and hence in pursuit of his occupation or to please a
passing whim to see this, that and the
other town, and gain that knowledge
and experience of bis own craft and
calling which always distinguishes the
-travelled craftsman trom the ."homesteaders" who are content to cling to
tue narrow associations anu training
afforded In their home town, will have
a genuinely new experience when they
.each the city which marks the most
westward point of their travels ln Canada, provided they stick to the main-
.and. And that experience will come
to them In the form of a most pleasant
surprise, and if they will stay long
enough to learn something ot the history and struggles precedent to the
building In Vancouver's palatial labor
temple, they will carry away with
uem to other parts an impression, an
inspiration and a lesson that will be
tue deepest, the brightest and as enlightening as any experience that may
ever encounter.
The picture we hereby reproduce by
courtesy of the B. C. Federationist
conveys but a taint idea of the elegance, neatness, beauty and comfort
which the designers, planners and
workers of Vancouver's home of labor
nave embodied ln their new and magnificent labor temple, which stands ln
tne heart of the city ot Vancouver, at
the corner ot Richards and Dunsmuir
streets. At the cut shows, the ground
floor Is taken up with stores and shops
ot various kinds, but all of the highest
order of merit. The basement con-
alns besides the heating plant, which
a somewhat ot a novelty, ln that
crude oil Is used tor fuel, a printing
jfflce In whloh the B. C. Federationist
Ib printed. The other floors contain
the offices of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, the Labor Temple
company, and also those of the business agents ot the various unions.
Other floors are divided into halls of
varying slse to accommodate the
union meetings, and the top floor Is
taken up with-what Ib undoubtedly
one of the finest auditoriums In Can*
ado. The Interior Ib finished ln a
manner that bears mute but eloquent
testimony to the taste and refinement
of the men whose energy and devotion
to the cause ot labor called lt Into
being. While there Ib an excellent
elevator service, the humble scribe
who had the good fortune to pass a
few brief hours in Vancouver during
the holiday season, could not forego
the luxury of tripping up the marble
stairs to where his brother scribe presides over the editorial helm of the
B. C. Federatlonist.
There are lavatories on every floor,
whose appointments are In keeping
with the rest of the building, and tbe
woodwork, floors, walls, ceilings and
iixtures reflects the watchful care of
the manager and secretary of the
Labor Temple company, and his corps
of Janitors. The gentleman who occupies this position Is Bro. J. H. Mc-
Vety, of the Machinists' Union, snd if
we did not know that "Mac" Is one
ot the best labor men that-ever rose
to a position of honor and trust within
its ranks, his watchfulness and care or
the magnificent property whloh Is In
his charge would tell the tale of sterling abilities In a manner that could
not fall to Impress even those of us
who'are apt to pass lightly over the
achievements of fellow workers In the
labor movement.
But while every labor man In the
coast city has contributed some part
to the erection of this labor temple,
the one man who has put Into Its con-
ceptlon, erection and completion not
only months but years o, personal ef-
fort and who haB stamped into It that
spirit ot optimism and staunch deter-
minatlon which are the leading char,
asterlstlcs ot his own nature, is R. P.
Pettlplece, and whether he acknowledges it or realizes It himself, those
who know, whether opponents or sup-
porters (and when you know Parm
you have to be either one or the other)
acknowledge that but for his untiring
efforts the completion ot the labor
temple would have been delayed for
years and would certainly never have
been completed on lta present dimensions.
And speaking of dimensions, lt is
now the ambition of those who control it to add two more stories to the
structure, as already It It taxed to
capacity tor accommodation. Thlt
will be the limit to which It can be
built, but will provide full accommodation tor tn Indefinite time to cone.
BAKERS WILL HOLD SMOKER
It it the intention ot Bakers' Local
No. 46 of Vancouver, to hold a smoker
on the twenty-filth day ot January la
Labor Temple, all those who are In
aay way Interested la the doings ot
the Bakers' and would like to have a
nice, quiet and enjoyable evening are
Invited to purchase tickets, which will
be on tale at the Labor Tempi* Cigar
store, at fifty centi each. A luge
number of well known "artist*" have
promised to assist In the vocal part ot
the entertainment, tad a number of
novel tettures will be staged, Including a parody on that wtll known
poem: "The Man with the Hoe," entitled "The Man ln the Dough." Liquid
refreshments will also be served during the evening.
Trades tnd Ltbor Council.
The important business it the next
meeting ot the Vincouver Trade* and
Labor Council will be the election of
officers tor the next six months. So
far there ire only twenty-two nomlnn
tlon* for the nine positions on the
ifixecutive. Nominations will I
opened at next meeting. All delegates
ar* requested to attend. Meeting wm
be called to order at S p.m. prompt.
Painters, Local 138.
■Local 138 reports thlt trade 1* dull
and a number of members idle, but
prospects for a busy spring season are
very bright The next meeting of the
Northwest Pointers' Conference will be
held In Sacramento, Cal., during the
flrst week in March, when an effort will
be made to induce all locals of the
Brotherhood in California to affiliate
with the conference. In order that
steps may be taken to cope with tbe
Influx, which has been promised ut by
various emigration bureaus, on the
completion of the Panama Canal.
hundred mtehaaks la
trad** coaitltuM th* hulk of th* Organised labor movsmtnt
None of ths** trade* ar* stigllld
in th* Industries that form ta* v*ry
basis of drays Harbor—LUMBER tat
SHIPPING. The form*r-tai lumber
Industry—with th* exception ot tat
shingle mills, Is wholly unorgtnltsd,
Th* worker* engaged la shlpplaf
hive ln tha sailors tad longahorusta's
unions some measure of pow*r.
Then tn tbout 8,0*0 worktn la
tha lumber Industry la tht district *a-
braelng whit U known at Oraft Harbor. Th* entire organised Mitagta
It contained In about 160 mambtn of
the shingle weavers' union.
Let us look Into tht futur* tor a Inr,
brief moments ind ttt whit Might:
happen war* these 8,000 producsWt ot
lumber organised tor matual promotion and ifltllattd with tht mt ot tht
organised totters ot Grays Harbor.
There would b* ao mora aklaaiag
employment sharks to fattea ot* th*
hard-earned dollsrs ot tht laggtrt a*4
mill worker*. The members of tat
union would in to lt that the bos***
would go to th* union headquarttn
tor their employe*. :;
The hospital grift would b* iboUth-
ed. The workert could,; it thty to desired, follow the exampl* of th* organised cokl miners In mott ooauaua-
ltles tnd organise their own hospital
associations, erect their own hotpittll
and tak* car* of tht sick aad disabled among tbelr members tat (Mr
families.
The time-stealing tyttaat that It
uted In so many place* would aot bt
tolerated by a group of organised
workmen. Unorganised they must
submit, being powerless indlvidasily.
There would b* ao mor* such out-
THE JOY RIDER.
This animal Is essentially a product
of modern times. He It tha clearest
possible expression of the tlct that
certain portions of mankind are it
careless ot human life now at at any
period of history. In comparison with
the Joy rider, tbe drunken gun-men of
cow boy dayt wit it a disturbed
Bchool-mi'tm it a chitauqua.
One dead and Ave Injured It the
splendid list of casualties to th* credit
ot the Joy-Rider ln Vancouver within
the past few dayt. But we mutt not
speak too harshly, as the victims were
mere snow-shovellers. Had a good
spender, a "live one," been killed,
great would have been the gloom. But
those whose unimportant function lt
Is to make and maintain streets do
not count for much. They mtke splendid targets. Let ut be "moderate"
with Joy-riders by til means. The
"boys" ire only having a good time.
That is, so long ts they only kill
slaves.
would refute to accept whatever ashj-M'
be placed before tbem la torn of food.
Nor would there be toy mora victims ot the vicious company star* system, ln Cosmopolls and other place*
today the workert ire the slave* ot
the company, whether they work, eat,'
sleep or anything else. A good ualoa
would enable them to be trta met
when away trom their Jobs it least
The length of the work day would
not be wholly determined by th* host
it it It today. A maximum ot working hours would bt set and adhered
to. If found necessary to exceed thli
limit Overtime pay would b* exacted.
In many mills at present mea in
working on* tnd a quarter Urns, or
12V> hours per day, and no mora It
paid per hour for the overtime than
for regular Ume.
There would he a uniformity of
wages paid. The men would no laager be compelled to be victims of un-
scrupulous employers, some of whoa
pay much less thin others. Aad
wherever and whenever wage* wan
considered Insufficient tbe men who
receive the wiges would hart i
thing to sty about determining I
At present, not acting together, they
are powerless.
These are but a tew of th* advantages that would come directly to tht
men In the lumber industry. Tht
added power that would com* to th*
other branches of Orginlxed labor
staggers the imagination of tht average member, who hat become accustomed to plod along slowly without
making any material progress tad
without the consciousness of power
thtt should be tnd Is felt by members
of t well organized body.
Imagine   the   cooks   and   waiters
should demand a 10-hour day Instead
of 12 hours as at present?     Thlt
I Con tinned on page 4)
Ask Your
Dealer
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Labels
If you want the best, wear
Buck Brand Overalls
Fitwell Hats
UNION MADE GOODS
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vincouver, B. C
Wholesale Dry Goods and Jlgents for Ihe Manufacturers. 3E>E3Ifc^.TIONTST
FRIDAY-
-JANUARY 17, IBM
• IV** I
.ildbood,
V SBS.S3     iim-
ermtned
-were
lo copy,
l>«3 in-
eceiving
_ a._>Yx.or-
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xxiecl   to
patient
■w-asa.risa.toly
He pro-
tlble.
|is^m=, of
indica
move-
|<=Xx*>-a>*tiozx
ion    and
ids        it
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aixnless
parently
nidations
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I t____   pre-
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jieinbera
Sound      it
| to ttoe
iftort    tn
idvance
io have
ad*, -wtoo,
tunities
%•_. "ts.s3.-v-e
^eir     fel-
V to    ttoe
I-O-sKT-
t.     mass
,     and
1st.
{country
union
is ap-
IrJ»«l, for
kxne oto-
a«3nt-d*-s.y
L
for   us
 r    s<5aa.t-
!—■■£   «2raa.sTt
s«3 lines
Lx etoar-
!    sa.    Ions
I that   it
Idlers   of
follaw.
ueglins
>a=s-i"e   ex-
ifinitely
II untary -
I is less
Inerally
5 atten-
'■_Z head
K     life    a
int con.-
the dc-
I x-es i> on-
i manity
jlas and
I «2*ta       are
Isinssr - to
«3se   in-
r*
pins, t-o-
Lsylutns
jsponse
[si   xna.de
y-l_»e in-
results
d     e&p-
isBTtot     to
them
:hem of
'tstrially
hi-tue of
imodlty
ing the
i things
;tion of
Es_«I-vi3in.e-
its may
us    indl-
p labor
dstence
levelop-
;d    as. a
tenden-
!
cans   of
s       from
pravity
*e>    from
er-    that
vils      of
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eaniza-
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isigned
lone.
l   to   the
adualiy
clearly
i com-
mately
to-w-ard
a.       that
six      tbe
velfarc
it     with
orkers
a their
ss, and
to leg-
ox- the
xxxexn-
x-enre-
;erests
ectlng
ray    oy
tra.de
l*±    be:
on on
•iari-fcy
teld.
ixx the
nexatal
. meas-
[C5S3      OXX
Delng
rxT   the
xnay
Boy
not
'r3.     •~r<y-
"SBWhO
their
i ttts eri-
been
al    to
»J sects*
I uro-
■—rotT-lc-
t that
cal of
L,sx*bor .
given Us approval to the National
Civic Federation, but the majority of
tbe members of the executive council
were members of the Civic Federation
and used the most specious arguments
to convince others that the National
Civic Federation had performed
splendid work in tbe settlement ot
differences between employer arvi employe.
The approval of tht. executive council of tne A. F\ of I*, will not change
tbe character of the Boy Scouts, nor
will the approval change the opinion
oi- remove the Impression from tbe
minds' of those observing men and women of the labor- movement, who have
reached the conclusion that the Boy
Scouts have been launched for no
other purpose save to convert the boy
into a soldier to be used ln future
conflicts between exploiter and exploited.
The Boy Scout of today is to be tbe
soldier of tomorrow, and this organization, having the support and backings of Capitalism and its allies, leaves
an indelible impression that no- good
to labor can come from the Boy
Scouts.—Miners' Magazine.
UNITED   MINE  WORKER8 OP
AMERICA
District No. 18
Fernle,   B.C.,  January  1, 1913.
Call   for the Tenth Annual Convention
of District No. 18, U.M.W. of A.
To the Officers and Members of District 18.
Greeting: You are hereby notified
that the tenth annual convention of
District 18 will be held in the Labor
Temple, bethbrldge, on Monday, February 17, 1913, commencing at 10
o'clock in the forenoon.
Your delegate or delegates are particularly requested, when booking railway ticket, to purchase a single ticket
and ask the agent to furnish a standard certificate. This Is very essential
as arrangements for reduced return
rates cannot be made unless a sufficient number of standard certificates
be  drocured.
"We would respectfully refer you to
Article 7, Sections 1,' 2, 3 and 4, Ot
District Constitution, which fully explains matters pertaining to the convention.
Enclosed you will flnd credential
forms and -you are requested to forward the original to district secretary^
treasurer not later than February 10,
1912.
C. STUBBS,
President.
A. J.  CARTER,
Secretary-treasurer.
If the A. F. of L.. delegates to the
Seattle convention next November decide to accept the Trades and Labor
Council's Invitation to "see Vancouver,"* it will give tbem a chance to disabuse themselves of many of the
things said and done by over energetic
apologists, to discredit one of the finest groups of the international organized labor world In America. They'll
like Vancouver, and they'll like Vancouver . unionist. Created misconceptions would disappear like snow before
a. Pacific chinook. By ail means come
to "Vancouver. "It's the water."
There would even be hope for Editor
lenders and other mental dyspeptics
under the benign influence of the
soft salt sea breezes of the briny
"Pacific!
Suit Special at $15
i
We hold and can maintain by proof of service aa well as style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give,
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we have marked to sell at #16.00. You will be surprised at the
smart styles an* smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns in tweeds, other tweeds as well in grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them,
■rttagpipsT WTicaABiJ amm mw oviiBCOATg
TOB tlftOQ.
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
ln any way.
The, materials are tweeds in smooth and rough effects,   .
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat Is fined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars.
DAVIDSPENCER
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
THE KING OF SKATES
Tested and improved during; many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
Star Skates, all that a skate can be 75c to $0.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular ?5o to #6.00
GREAT CHOICE OF SKATING BOOTS
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED KJXt£S'
Stoves mp Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
W. R. OWEN
2337 MAIN STREET.
PHONE FAIR. 447.
Hardware and Tools
fj A splendid stock of the best in the world's market.
*We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements cf the artisan in our line.
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 684
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
B. O- FEDERATION OK LABOR—
Meets in annual convention ln January. Executive officers, 1912-13: President:, J. "W. Wi Ikinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs, £3. r>. Orant. J. K. McVety,
H. .E-V PtBttlpleee. J. Roberts, C. Slvert*.
JT. j_ Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Bojc   1Q44,   "Vancouver.	
TKADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.—
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavabagh, president;
John McMillan. vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer: A.
Beasley, statistician; J. H. McVety,
serKt.*>at-arras; F. A. Hoover, W. J.
Pipes.     B.     Tralnor,. trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
 Meets    aecond   Monday   in   month.
President, E. .Tarman; vice-president,
Oeorge Mowat; secretary, A. H. England.
f*.    O.    Box    66.
LABOR     TEMPLE     COMPANY,    LTD.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdock McKenzle. Managing director, J. H. Mc-
Vety,    Room   211.      Sey.   6360.	
AMALGAHATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent, J. A. Key
office hours, 8 to 8 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
nesday   In   Room  302.	
BAKERS* AND CONFEC-
tinners* Local No. 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President, J. Klnnalrd; *->or-
-       _ ^-        responding    secretary,    W.
tnSPlpDl \      Rogers,    Room   220,   Labor
Temple;     financial    pecretary,    T?.    Robln-*-
J.**A KBEUS' LOCAL, NO. 120—MPJETS
second: Thursday. 8:30 p. ni. President. Oeo. W. Isaacs; recording? secretary, Charles Brown; -secretary-business
agent, C. P. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 5 to 7 p.m.
Sey.    1776.	
BARTENDERS' LEAGUE NO. 676—
Meets first and third Sundays of
each month, 7:30 p. m.. Room 306. Presl-'
dent. Walter Laurie; secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer. Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey.    453    (Yale   Hotel).	
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets Monday of each -week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
T>. m. President, A. Richmond; recording*
secretary, Arthur Paine, 305 Labor Temple; financial secretary, G. W. Williams,
S05 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. De-
aslel,   3Q5  Labor Temple.    Phone Sey. 1880.
BROTHERHOOD        OF        CARPENTERS
and    Joiners.      South   Vancouver  No.
1208 Meets   Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
*"W. J". Robertson;, vice-president, J. W.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thos.
Llndfay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conaher;
warden,   13.    Hall.
BRIDGE       AND      STRUCTURAL     IRON
WORKERS'        International      Union,
Local    97 Meets   second  and  fourth  Frl-
»1ay. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
T. - -A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
738   Semlln   Drive,  phone Sey. 689.
BRICKLATERS'   AND   MASONS',   NO.   1
 Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, James Haslett; corresponding: secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
2 IS.        Sey.    8799.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
■of* America, "Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first- and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, I***. Barclay, 353 Cordova East;
secretary,   A.   Fraser,   11S1  Howe Street.
CIVIC EM PLOYEES AND GENERAL
Laborers' Union.-—Meets first and
t Tn 1 rd Fridays, Labor Temple, 8 p. m.
President, I*. Hurst; secretary, E.
Tralnor,   Room   22Q.  Labor Temple.
•OIa■A.RMA.K:ERS• LOCAL, NO. 367—
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
X»-m. President, Geo. Qerrard; secretary,
Kobert J. Craig;. KurU Ci&ar Factory;
treasurer,   8.   _____ Johnson.	
•*gomm::ercial tisleoraphers',
British Columbia Division, C. P. Sys-
tem. Division 1*4o. 1—Meets 10:80 am.
-third Sunday in month, Room 204. Looal
chairmui, J. F. Campbell, Box 4S2, Vancouver. Looal sec-treas., A. T. Oberr.
Box   -432,   or   lOOS  Burrard street.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
218.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President, W. P. Carr; vice-president, Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 5 Lorhe street east; financial secretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary. Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A,
Jones, Room 207, Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room SOS 8 p.m. President 8, S.
Duff; recording secretary, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Eat-
lnghausen. Room 203.    Sey. 2348.
GLASS WORKERS' LOCAL, NO, 40—
Meets s-cond and fourth Tuesdays
of each niontn. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A,,0.
Hettler, 426 DuiYerln street. Telephone,
Kairmnnt 1238.
LONGSHOREMENS* INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 X 52—Me»ts
every Friday evening, 133 Water street.
President, O, Thomas; secretary, Thomaa
Nixon, 133 Water street.
MACHINISTS*, NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 p.tn.
Presldent, Robt Tnompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J.  H.  McVety.    Sey. 8390.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 145, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry ; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O, No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.	
SHEET    METAL   WORKERS',   LOCAL
No. 280—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
S.m., Room S02. ' President, H. Spear;
ecordlng secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Oormody. 	
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall; corresponding; secretary. Wm. Rowan, Box 1047
financial secretary, K, McKenzle.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, aecond and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. ' Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, C>ty Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO, 226—
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-
president, G, W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
TIOTOMXA, S. a
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets every flrst and thltd
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 781 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. President; H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slvertz. Box 802,
Vlctwia, B. C. "
.. 0.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES A
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., in
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
financial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. 0. Box
934.   The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFrTTERS' Local 496—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month in Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; aeeretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 956, New
Westminster, B. C. r	
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF OAR-
penters, Local Union No. 1638—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. C. Schmendt; aeeretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C. ,
KIMBERLEY MINERS' UNION, NO. 100
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union Hall,
President, E. A. Hines; • secretary-treaa-
urer, M  Pj Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
No. 2388, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.	
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W. of A.
—Meets every Sunday ln District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C,
STEAM ENGINEERS, INTERNATION-
al Local 397—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple.
President, F. Blumberg; flnanolal secre-
tary, Wm. Byatt,, Room 216.
TAILORS, VANCOUVER BRANCH NO.
178—Meetings held flrst Friday in
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Nord-
land; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
BOB; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
608. _:_	
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', L0-
cal No. 62—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P. 0. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO. 38,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, ln
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Her-
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B. C.
TRAIL" MILL AND SMELTERMBN'B
Union, No. 105, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President,
George Castell; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B. C
IS11S1
Union
MADE
Seer
"Ale
AND
Porter
Of America  r€«v
cor-rsitHT synisDf mmh-m-mitmip i»oa
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not be advisable for you to seoure this improved form of lighting? ,
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp. t
For the convenience of our oustomers we
carry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an
Carrall and
Hastings Street
approved type in stook
B.G.ELEGTRIC
VANCOUVER, B. C.
1138 Granville St.
near Davie ■MssMMMssW
wawaam
■P
FRIDAY-
-JANHABT 17, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Boxed.Silk Hosiery
AT MODERATE PRICES.
At their respective prioei we believe that the following
lines are as good as the market affords.
AT 76o A PAIR—Women's block silk boot hose, with high
spliced heel, double sole and toe. These have seamless
feet.
AT $1.00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top, with
double heel, sole and toe.  Come in black and white.
AT $1.60 AND $2.00—Onyx silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following shades—pink, sky, champagne,
light and dark grey, purplpe, wisteria, old rose king's
blue gold, tan, white or black. These have reinforced
heels,'double sole, toe and lisle thread top.
(Barium Irgvoalt. -Etmtfeo
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, B. C.
During January
We will hold pur regular sale. This will be our seventh
January tsle, and at before we will try and clear out all
Fall and Winter Goods -
Our prices willenoble you to save enough on an outfit  <
to start a bank account.   Hoping to tee you sometime
during the month, and wishing you a Happy New Year
Clo'thingManl   VlstlsCVlYlJjEflvO |    St. East
JAMES STARK
zAST-uaa ir. win
& SONS
LIMITED
Between Abbott snd OsCTSU.
Four Rousing Values from Home Furnishing Section
A visit to our busy Kourth Floor is well worth anyone) time.
The furnishing of the home is always a work of satisfaction and
profit when you invite pur co-operation. We submit a few items
. for your approval, many others just as good.
Axminster Hearth CI AO
Ruga, 27x54 inches •**'•*»
By taking all the mill had,
we are able to offer you an Axminster rug, well woven of pure
wool yarns, in several different
color's; size 27x52 inches, $1.49.
Guaranteed Feather
Pillows, eaoh.
Filled entirely of clean odorless feathers in best quality art
style ticking, slse 19x25 inches,
each     -U.J2
$1.12
Oil Opaque Shades QEp
Size 37x72, eaoh * •J""-
In a good shade of dark green
oil-opaque cloth mounted on rollers that carry ; smooth perfect
cloth, with brackets, site 37x72
inches; regular 65c. values,   85c.
Silkoline Covered (M T{j
Comforters, eaoh )L—-—
Well filled with white cotton
nicely quilted and covered in dainty Silkoline, size 66 x 72 in., $1.75
Overalls
Honest and Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W. J. GURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
RING    UP    SEYMOUR    2864    FOR    APPOINTMENT
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
DR. BRETT ANDERSON
DENTIST
Bank gf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
AMONG THE SOCIALISTS
Bt SOCIALISTS
DOMINION EXECUTIVE -
COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, Jan. X, 113.—the new
committee convened in the basement
of the Labor Temple. Credentials
were presented to Com. Watts, secretary ot the 1912 committee, and on
the conclusion of the meeting of the can stand lt.
Ten "Fed" Sub. Cards for $7.50
ORDER TODAY PAY WHEN SOLD
retiring executive the new committee
went into session.
Present: Comrades W. A. Fr'tchard,
Jr., J. B. Cassldy, A. Karme, J. H. Burrough, and R, I. Matthews (with credentials from Local 49, Gibson's Landing). T. Connor,'J. Reld and H.
Rahim were unavoidably absent,
Comrade Prltchard was elected to
the chair,
- Com. Matthews' credentials were accepted, and the comrade seated.
The following officers were elected:
Secretary, J. H. Burrough; Treasurer,
I. B. Cassldy; Recording Secretary, H.
Rahim.
The question of the Indebtedness of
the party to Comrade B. T. Kingsley,
Incurred through the printing of the
Western Clarion, was discussed. Comrade Kingsley stated that the debt was
approximately $440. The approximate
value of the party literature ln. stock
was $500. He made a liberal offer for
the settlement of the account for
which he was thanked by the "Executive. The matter was held over tor
consideration pending the result ot the
auditing committee's report on the
books of the retiring committee,
which had been unavoidably delayed
through-the absence of Com. W. W.
Lefeaux.
The next meeting of the committee
was set for Sunday, Jan. 12, at 2 p.m.,
at a place to be decided upon.
Adjournment.
J. H. BURROUGH,
Secretary.
*   ** *
Vancouver, Jan. 12,1018.
Commitee assembled In the new Finn
Hall, 2215 Pender St. B. Present:
Comrades Prltehard, Rahim, Cassldy,
Matthews, Karme, Connor, Reld and
the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
as read.
The matter of the debt owing to Com.
rade E. T. Kingsley was discussed. The
report of the auditing committee not
having been received, a committee, consisting of Prltchard, Reld and the Secretary, was apolnted to find out all the
the data, given power to act, and to
report at the next meeting.,
Com. Matthews submitted the outline of a plan for the production of an
official organ. After thorough discussion it was moved by the Secretary,
seconded by Connor, "That the committee would consider any business
proposition put forward by Comrade
Matthews on the lines suggested."
Carried unanimously.
Pritchard-Connor: "That the columns
of the B. C. Federationist continue to
be utilised by the Executive." Carried.
Burrough-Connor: "That the thanks
of the Dominion and B. C. Provincial
Executive Committees bo tendered to
the comrades of Local Vancouver No.
45 (Finnish) for the provision of a
meeting place for the Executive, and
desk room for the Secretary, without
oharge, until they are In a better financial position."   Carried.
Adjournment taken until Sunday,
Jan. 19.
J. H. BURROUGH,
Secretary.
vision of ah official paper. What tht
membership will be called upon to do
in order to accomplish that essential
preliminary will be announced as soon
at a definite proposition can be submitted. That object accomplished, the
party can turn lta attention to other
essentials.
The Dominion Executive Committee
is bankrupt. That state of affairs
never scared a red yet. No salary will
he offered to or accepted by the Seoretary until such time as the party funds
As he is a wage-worker,
he can only give his spare time until
he can be guaranteed a meal ticket,
but he will have the assistance of
bther members of the committee when
the work piles up: The sooner tt piles
up the better,
J. H. B.
WAKE-WORKERS' FORUM
Is In
DEBATE.
"Resolved, tbat Christianity
line with social progress."
The above resolution will be debated at Labor Temple Hall on Sunday next, the first speaker taking the
floor at 3 p.m. sharp.
Dr. W. J. Curry will take the affirmative and Wilfrid Grlbble the negative side of the proposition, nd the
audienpe will be given an opportunity
to vote on the question.
Two-piece overallsuits, specially
suitable for boys taking a course
of inniiual training. Sizes 26 to
D.:-.. D„. ess ...,.i..Ho« 34- Made of stout blaok denim,
rfice rCf ault, any Size $1 gO cut full and strongly put together.
WE AR-nrfN'FAHD  BOY8i~OUTFITTElBi
809-SH Hastings
Street West
CLUBB & STEWART
Translantic Steamship
AGENCY
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
GEO. B. COOMBB
City Tioket Agent
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
JOHN MOE
O.P.A. .
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers-at
$J PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two yean; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and die balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
v Bureau of Provincial Information. Victoria
A Loss that will be Frit.
By the death of Dave Paton,
killed by a runaway coal train in
' the Craw's Neat on Jan. 10th last,
the Socialist Party of Canada loBes
one of Its most faithful workers.
For some years, while secretary
of the Socialist local in Fernle, his
contributions to the Western
Clarion gave evidence of his whole
hearted service to the revolutionary movement of. his class.
White the Socialist Party of Canada has had. and still has many
such, who do their work^well, "and
blush to and it fame," their number Is not so great but that bis loss
will be keenly regretted by all
reds, whether they knew him personally or only through his chronicles of Socialist activity ln the
Crow's Nest, ln whioh he took so
large a part.
To his bereaved family and comrades our sympathy is extended.
TO THE MEMBERSHIP.
In accepting the responsibility of
undertaking the executive work of the
party for 1913 the new committee are
under no misconception as to the magnitude of the task thst lies before
them. . It ts no exaggeration to say
'nit the problems that confront them
are greater and more pressing than
any previous executive has been called
upon to face.
The task of providing an official organ for the party and placing it on a
basis that will ensure Its continued
publication is one which by Itself calls
for the most careful handling, and will
probably entail upon the partv membership a collective effort such as has
never previously devolved upon them.
That lt can be solved Is the opinion of
the executive. It will be solved if the
rank and file make lt their business,
Individually and collectively, to clear
the trail when the executive have
blazed a practicable route.
One thing is certain. If the Socialist
Party of Cnnn<*a Ib to function as the
educational and political expression of
the revolutionary socialist movement
ln Canada, and become a political force
to be reckoned with, an official organ Is
an absolute necessity.
The question of organisation will
also have to be dealt with. If an official organ Is an absolute necessity to
the continued existence of our organisation, the converse is equally true. If
there Ib not an actual functioning or
ganlzatlon behind the paper, the latter
Is doomed to extinction. As we have
assumed the task of capturing political
power, we cannot shirk the responsibility of definite and sustained action,
dictated by the nature of the struggle.
In knowledge of Marxian economics,
and In clearness of conception as to
the aims and principles of the International Socialist movement, the membership of the Socialist Party of Canada has averaged pretty high. The reputation the party has gained through
the ability and uncompromising attitude maintained by Its propagandists
and literature Is an - asset of great
value. But knowledge, If not translated into organized activity, Is largely
Innocuous to the enemy. To be a revolutionist, something more Is necessary than a paid-up dues card and a
bead full of economics.
It Is time we settled down In earnest
to the task of creating an actual political machine for the combating of the
capitalist forces in Canada.
The first essential step Is the pro-
In the. operation of the Panama
canal electricity will be extensively
used for light and power purposes.
The master class will not Invite you
to eat at their 'tables but they will
invite you to vote them the things
that are on It.
An all-electric steel melting plant
Is being built In Sheffield, Eng. This
plant will cut down the necessary
labor power to less than half that of
other plants.
New York police are tn their glory
just now because they have a chance
to batter up the men and wpmen gar
ment strikers.
Chinese authorities had 39 lepers
shot and burnt recently. That's one
way of getting rid of dangerous human
beings. We bave some dangerous politicians over here we would like to
despatch tn the same way.
Oreat scott! The Canadian Railway
Commission have been Informed that
the C. N. R. built branch lines to benefit its lands. Surely Canada Is going
to the dogs when railway companies
will build railways ln order to benefit
its lands?
Boy conscripts of Australia are being unmercifully flogged for the least
offence whilst ln training. Obedience,
Patriotism, Docility, and Ignorance
means security for the capitalist class,
thus lt is that these hoys have to be
flogged In order to force them to serve
the master class. But the henchmen
of the master class do many foolish
things and We believe, at least we
hope, the flogging has the opposite
effect to what was intended.
Two Turkish priests declare that the
failure of the Turks ln the Balkan
war Is owing to the laxity of religion.
The troops used to pray five times a
day but since the Young Turks got
Into power they have only had to pray
once a day. The priests declare that
as the religious spirit declines so does
the Inclination to fight. This goes to
prove our confension that religion
keeps the workers In Ignorance of
their own material Interests.
One billion five million seven hundred thousand dollars of trade ln one
year Is the Canadian record compiled
by the Dominion government Before
you throw your hat ln the air Just
stop to consider how much cf that you
have, becauseprobably you are one
of the slaves that helped produce that
amount. If you have not shared in
this prosperity as you think yon
should, It Is because the machinery
ot wealth production is the property
of a few Individuals Instead cf being
collectively owned by society.
We are pleased to report (?) that
her royal highness the Duchess of
Connaught is rapidly recovering from
her recent illness. We would suggest that she take a little more exercise In the future, such as office cleaning, dressmaking, laundry work, chain
making or some such beneficial exercise which, we are sure, would Improve
the health of her royal highness; at
least we are told that work is beneficial to the health and we are continually seeing reports of the Illness
of members of high society and very
seldom of the working class, so lt
seems to work out alright.
United Mint Worktrt of America.
Editor, B. C. Federationist: The
letter below it being tent ont by tht
Cosmopolitan labor agency of Vancouver with Intent to' deceive men
holding fire-bosses' papers ud Induce
them to go to Cumberland to scab.
No man should be deceived by any
such tissue of lies. These miners are
on strike, and will continue on strike
until the company concedes the just
demands of the men.
Our prospects of winning were never
brighter; and tuch letters are a sure
Indication of-the straits the management are in; the difficulty thy have
of getting men to scab under any pretence, and the mesas they adopt to
break the strike—something they cannot accomplish.
We are out to win, and win we. shall,
despite the circulation of such lying
statements at that referred to.
All men are warned to stay away
from Cumberland and Ladysmlth until
the strike is over, when due notice
will be given through the labor press.
Cosmopolitan Ltbor Agtney.
Help Furnished Free to Employers.
J. H. Welsh.
Telephone: Seymour 5210.
10 Powell Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
December 12th, 1912.
Mr.—
Dear Sir—You have, we understand,
extensive experience In coal mining,
and as there are a few positions open
here with a newly developed mint at
fire-bosses or shot-lighters, It occurs
to ut. that the employment there
might appeal to you.
The positions pay 18.63 per 8 noun,
or $100.00 per month, with boat excellent opportunities for advancement
to. positions at overmen or foramen
and mine managers,
I Thlt It a splendid opportunity for
advancement if you are planning to
prepare yourself for positions of thlt
nature, at the company it new and
rapidly developing ltt properties.
It Is as a consequence looking for
good men who are ambitious to gat
ahead aad fit themselves for positions
of trust and responsibility.
The company is spending tome
three million dollars In development
work, and when this work Is completed It will be undoubtedly the most
up-to-date and largest coal mining
company In Canada.
We are writing to you at we
thought a connection of this kind
might be attractive, particularly as lt
means coming to the mild coast
climate, with excellent prospects,
modern mining conditions, new houses,
good schools and all the coast advantages.
Would suggest that you give this
matter the most thorough consideration before doing anything, and If you
or any of your friends are considering
a move to the coast, lt might be well
to have someone look into conditions
for you and report to you what they
find. *-
On the enclosed postal card will you
kindly advise what you think ot the
proposition.
Yours very truly,
J. H. WELSH.
P.8.—You may have, noticed the
newspaper accounts ot the labor
troubles at the scene of operations,
I can say to you, however, that
these troubles are grossly exaggerated. They are rapidly drawing to a
close, and the men are returning to
work every day.
SCHOOL M
Honig's for School Supplies
25c Box for,.
Reeves' at —
Reeves' 60c Box...
SCHOOL PENCILS, per dosen.
Regular Jc, 1 for„_.... '
Extra thick board, covered;
regular zle....
Playlet Cards. m<»™u lie        Checkers sad Jftnrd. complete.
Crtbbajre Boards, reg. 26c tie        Dominoes; ret, tie, tor '
"Flinch;" reg. 60c and SOc .Mo       - Table Croquet.	
To reduce the high cost of living
the farmers of Manitoba are going to
cooperate and buy the necessities of
life by the carload. This scheme will
probably benefit them to the extent
of $40 or $50 a year, but until the
farmers act in conjunction with the
working class and abolish the present
system of production for profit they
will continue to exist In a precarious
condition. We are exploited as producers and not ss consumers, hence
all the tampering with the high cost
of living only relieves the situation
for a short time. The collective ownership of the means of production is
the only key that will fit the present
situation.
"THE QUITTER."
"You're sick of the game"; well, now,
that's a shame.
You're young and you're brave and
you're bright;
"You've had a raw deal!" I know-
but don't squeal,
Buck up; do your damnedest and
fight.
It's the plugging away that will win
you the day,
So don't be a piker, old pardt
Just draw on your grit; It's so easy to
quit:
It's the keeping your chin up that's
hard.
It's easy to cry that your beaten; -and
die;
It's easy to crawfish and crawl;
But to flght and to fight when hope's
out of sight-
Why, that's the best game of them
all!
And though you come out of each
gruelling bout
All broken and beaten and scarred,
Just have one more try—It's dead easy
to die,
It's the  keeping on living that's
hard.
—R. W. Service.
The Issues In the next Federal elections will be $35,000,000 for a navy
or $35,000,000 for a navy.
Oil fuel Is proving such a success
that oil burners will probably be Installed In all new tea-going vessels.
This means a reduction ln the operating staff.
PAY AS VOO ENTER, DURN YEI
By -Henry M. Tlchenor.
The fellow that Invented the "pay-
as-you-enter" street car toll gate
showed that the American public would
meekly stand for any old nuisance
that Big Bit proposed to Inflict on
them.
Of course, the object of the blasted
contraption Is to head off some half-
paid conductor from swiping a nickel
or two Intended for the bulging pockets of the street railway magnates.
This ''pay-as-you-enter" trap simply
makes a cash register dummy out of
every fool passenger that takes a ride.
If the street railway magnates de
•"ended It the same public that pub
up with this tomfoolery would wear a
bell tied around tbelr necks and ring
the thing every time they got on a
car.
In the mornings and evenings, when
the street cars are crowded with working men and women going to work or
returning home, It's a sight to see the
depths ot humility and servility the
human animals will sink to in order
to Bubmlt to their masters' yoke. People Jam the platforms and string along
the outside steps and hang on to the
rails like grim death to a dead nigger,
waiting patiently for the victims In
front to get the proper change from the
coged-ln conductor and drop their exact nickel In the slot. And even after
they have been handled like a bunch
of cattle run through a gangway, most
of the weary passengers have to stand
up and hang like a lot of bologna sausages, onto a strap. What do the street
railway magnates care whether you
have a seat or not, Just so you hsve
made a cheap cash register of yourself
and have personally attended to guaranteeing tbat your nickel reached tbe
pockets of Big Biz? And why should
the gentlemen care, so long as you are
willing to fall to their cunning little
game?
If tbe public had as much stiffness
In their spine as a Jack rabbit they
.would scott straight past that dinky
"pay-as-you-enter" cage, and If the
street car corporation wanted any fare
they would have to send a conductor
to collect It—and any passenger that
had to stand up and hang by a harness
and get bumped around like a load of
cabbage every time tbe car stopped or
started, wouldn't pay a darn cent. Why
should the public worry themselves
sick snd make monkeys of themselves
for fear the Btreet car corporation
might lose a nickel? Let the street
car companies pay decent wages for
their conductors, and the chances are
they would get all that's coming to
them.
The great American public will
never go to Hades when they die—
thev are too plagued green to burn—
Rip-Saw.
So, now It begins to turn out that
the real objectors, to the award of
the Board of Arbitration on the railroad wage question, are the "small
lines," who, lt Is now declared, will
be "hit hard," Can It be that the
whole move was engineered by the
"large lines" themselves and their affiliated largo Industries, In order to
smoke out (read confiscate) the "small
lines?"
Stay  away
Strike on!
from   Porcupine, Ont
We WILL clean up. Look at these: Premier Library, strongly borisd
Dosrds, In scarlet cloth, welt printed on food paper. Works ofMtrryatt,
Mayne Held, Chu. Reede, Ballintyne, Dickens, Dumas, Thtekery, victor
Hugo, Chas. Kingsley, etc., etc.; about 200 titles, mostly sold at from Me
to 760.   All.go now at one price.... ^ „...**.„.Jts
WOBgg*- s*nf sMMsBBf ■s*nTxC*s1
"Sows of a Bourdouih," "Ballads of a Checksko," and "Rhymes of a Roll-
Ins; stone."   Regularly told tt 11.25, we sell at ~     —
It Is Imperative that we clear out all fancy leather and similar
stocks; all stationery, fancy, general and commercial; and a whole
accumulation of dry goods and sundries, besides tome MM tf grocery oddments.   Ws will five them less thin wholesale prices.
H
ONIG STOREO
56-60 MSTIH6S SIHET EAST
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
d
i
FALL SHOES FOR MEN
•ho** for Sett-vie*
6 ho— for 'gross
_ ■_ ' Shoos for Coosfovt
Shoot for tvtry So^t-Jron-sot
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
ot every man who desire* the beat shoe* hit money can buy.
WT    O ft' ft   204 MAIN STREET
» JtUlllV        Otlpwihii>tCsVHdl
Nomad Shoos Aro rr*s*t«e»tlr
Mods tn Won-Vttlon roctortos
DO NOT BUT ANY SHOE
no matter what itl name, unlest it bean •
plain and readable Impression of thlt Stamp.
AH shoes withouf the Union Stomp tut
tlways Non-Union.
Boot Oft Shoo Workers' ValttM
246 Summsr Street, Botton, Mitt.'
J. P. Tobin, Pitt.    C. t. Btint, He-Treat.
LABOR TEMPLE CIGAR STORE |
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sals
Get Your Money's Worth
MlU1. -  "'
B £ S .   I f, B  C
,orAnlSH BluSSOt'-
Patronize Home Industry
BY ASKING
FOR THIS
TTm       ON YOUR
^      P.R1NTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
The Beer Without
a feer
Phone
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited ■HssHHssHSS
——-
PM^om^
z^z
~'^S-
jrm tiMMM totoMBu J,fity»RA.i?toNiB't
Wl»A¥-i-i*-4AWfAtty Hi nil
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue) now ready—Out of town oustomers
out get the benefit ot our low prices by tending name and -
address for a copy.   A postcard will da
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy all the comfort! and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake ln buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
ft COMPANY, LIMITED
Mt Hastings W.   MO Oranvllle
•II Hsstings W.
THOUSANDS
OT THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Ageef Reason, Paine 20c
Bight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
1K Cordova W.
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova   -
HEATERS
Stoves and Nioe Warm
RUGS
far the oool weather at
W. TURNER
HI Granville 8treet Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
QQWITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOLROOMS
We can fomish[wenTy«i let
YOUR HOME
us hate yoorl
41 Hastings Street W
Phone Seymour 3687
Mr. Union Man
Here it the plaoe to*
buy a union-made
HAT
We carry the largest
assortment of union-
made bat* in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
-IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
(2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott S treats
Largest Canadian Retailers of
62.00 Hat*
woa-s-a-M non-CD nu
» SOCIALIST
STANDARD
OfBoUlorrMof-nuSoolsOiitVurtr
'     oi OtMt Brltala
Head Office: 198 Grays Inn Road,
London, England.
■abgoriptlon Baton
12 montha....40e The "Western'
  Clarion" desriti-
6 moi.th8.-2Qc *f the "Socialist
—■ — Standard" as the
Single copies 5o ^ wper In the
Mr. Ernest Burns
wishes to inform his numerous
friends tbat he has taken out an
Aaatienetrt license, and will sell
goods tithtr by auction or commission at hit commodious sales
rooms.
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main  Phone Sey. 1579
Mr: Burnt il alto prepared to
conduct ttetien sales at any
address w tht city.
FOE EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SEE
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hasting* Street West
A Credit taOlnlon Workmanship
5c
CIGARS
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend'?
Western Studio
424 Main Bt Formerly at 440
_. rtaoa—rtm, m. 6.	
ORGANIZATION OF
TIMBER WORKERS
(Continutd from page ont)
would bt reasonable enough. An
eight-hour day would be more than
sufficiently long. Or- suppose they
should decide to take a day off a week;
like other civilised human betngif
Should the restaurant proprietors be
a little reluctant about granting the
demand! lt would be an easy matter
to secure a written statement from
BOOM* TO LSI
TO aa—Tm bright, eMetfal room.;
front and a single; furnace-heated;
meals if desired, Apply 489 Helmoken
street.
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Vow Own Principles
_ When you buy your suits
(rom us you tre doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
_ Li dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; ihe BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HASTINGS ST. EAST
VANCOUVER.    B.  C.
each of the lumber workers' local
unions, pledging their support. Do
you think the owners would be likely
to risk losing the patronage of these
lumber workers by refusing to grant
the demands) If he did, he would
probably not do lt more than once.
The same would hold true ln the
other trades. Bartenders, barbers,
clerks and all the rest of them would
feel the backing of the powerful organisations of the lumber workers.
The power of the organized building trades would be multiplied manifold. No construction can be carried
on without lumber. Whenever the
building trades or any portion of them
would have a grievance against a
building contractor lt would need but
a note from the lumber workers' locals
pledging their support to their aggrieved fellow workers.. A contractor would not hesitate long if he knew
what the support of the lumber workers meant Or if he tasted the power
of these hitherto scorned workers once
he would probably not do lt again.
The fact Is that the organization of
the timber workers would be the most
powerful single factor In the economic life of tbe Pacific Northwest, boning none. With power would come
self-respect Power and self-respect
on the part ot these hundreds of thousands of toilers would compel the respect of all others, Including that of
the employers. For, after all, nothing
Is respected as much as POWER,
Co-operating with the rest of the
labor movement, the lumber workers
would strengthen Organized Labor to
auch an extent that the feeling of timidity which now generally prevatli in
many labor unlont would cease to
exist
The organization of the' lumber
workers would also tend to encourage
the organization of thousands of other
unorganized members of the army of
Labor. Railroad construction workers, harvest hands, olty laborers and.
many others of the so-called migratory
workers, so numerous In the West,,
would soon follow the example set
them by the men in the lumber Industry.
One of the most important phases
of the proposed organization is the
possibility which lies ln guiding the
hundreds of thousands of Immigrants
that are certain to land on this coast
at soon as the Panama canal is ready
for passage. This subject will be
handled In next week's article.
JUST PLAIN ARITHMETIC
(By George B. Bowen.)
All scientific economists and those"
expert in the processes of production
agree that the worker himself receives
about one-fourth or one-fifth of the
value hit labor creates. Often hit
compensation Is much less than this
proportion.
Let us follow this pitiful beginning
to Its logical and tragic end.
The worker puts two dollars' worth
of time, energy and skill into the creation of a garment, a watch, a machine
or a piece of furniture. Right here lt
may be said that the value of the material. Which, technically, he does not
own, Is also a product of labor and subject to the same value measurement!
as his work, Itself.
The twodollar garment, tool, watch,
or desk, sells to the user for ten dollars. Let ut lay the worker buyi the
finished product for his own use. He
gives up the value of four days' time,
energy and skill, besides his own day's
wage, for what he produced In one day.
Thus the worker in buying hit own
product employe the labor of tour
other workert ln addition to hit own
effort
That la to, tay, he supports, besides
himself, four other workers.
; In this sense the worker becomes the
actual employer, not only of himself,
but of four other equally good and
equally hungry workmen.
More than this, he Is keeping them,
so long as ho tries to be a consumer, In
competition with himself.
It ti alwaya four against one. It it
four times worse than "dog eat dog."
Bven children and fools learn that lt Is
Impossible to lift oneself by one's boot
straps.
It may be admitted, and evidently Is
true, that while the worker li so busy
keeping up this Insane dance of death
he hss no time1 or strength or intelligence to realize .what is destroying
him.
It must be true that the false employer of workmen, feverishly anxious
to hold his awful advantage and continue to gather his deadly dollars, will
never be the one to ihow the worker
bis mistake or correct the unreal and
hideous conditions of servitude In
which be holdi the Industrial slave.
But the calculation proceeds For
the worker It Is always more and more
subtraction of benefits.
For the employer tt Is always increasingly a multiplication of profit-
dollars. '.:';.,
The employer, howeter, It too sure.
His greed hat blinded hie Judgment.
He can't always get something for
nothing. Mathematically, !f In no other
way, four to one, an equitable impossibility must come to an end.
Soon there will be no more >logt to
eat
The workert, driven by tht lash of
starvation, and despair, as ln Mexico
and Russia, to say nothing of our own
Industrial torture belli, will have destroyed each other, when unitedly they
should have destroyed snd displaced
their tyrant driver—capital.
The way of relief li by the ballot—a
sane, clear-eyed, Arm-voiced, conscience-determined ballot,
Reduced to votes, tbe advantage Is
alwaya reverted. It men understood
the arithmetic of Industry they would
not vote as they work—divided.
They would vote away the deceptive
power of the employer and make tt the
real power of their own.
In the simplest and most undeveloped conditions of Industry and commerce, as Illustrated by our four-to-one
wage basis, the worker holds tour
points of advantage, ts against one
held by the employer.
But primitive conditions no longer
exist, except for the worker left-ln
poverty, wretchedness and fear.
Gigantic combinations of capital controlled by the employer reduce the
vote of capital and multiply a hundred
or a thousand fold the vote of labor.
The votes all belong to labor, The
wealth they have created, and of
which they stand in trembling awe,
they have given away to be used
against them.
So lt ts no longer the one vote ot
the employer to tour votei of hit employed.
At the boss hat multiplied' his dollars
he has multiplied also bis slaves. They
are forty to one. Four hundred to one,
Bven four thousand to one. And yet
they cringe and crawl and accept beggarly crumbs and brute coercion when
they should be contentedly enjoying
whole banquets Of plenty and the unhindered possession of their beautiful
world. •    •
Who shall save tbe worker* and the
civilization they have built? Not the
employer, not the bondholder, not tbe
Idle profligate ot the benzine buggy
and the champagne chorus. Not the
incompetent heir to tainted* millions.
Not tbe paid politician, the pernicious
prostitute press, the courts or churches or schools of capital,
No one shall save the worker but the
worker himself.
None of the Interests he supports
will make any sacrifice or perform any
act of Justice for him. Why should
they? Because of him and his servility
they riot In waste and debauchery, and
dishonor. ,
They flourish ln arrogance, despotism and vanity—even unto their degenerate extinction.
There's no puzzle about it. The only
astonishment Is why the worker submits to bis blindfold, his bruises and
his growing burden.
The only result of this four-to-one
struggle, as now ln progress, Is chaos,
destruction and desolation.
But four to one only represents the
wsge allowance of the worker—the
dog'i allowance on which he may partially subsist while he struggles for
better or even less subsistence.
Against the worker: the loss of
four-fifths of what he creates.
For tbe worker: a thousand votes
to every one his master possesses.
Ii tt too easy?
It It a dream?
Or ti lt Just plain arithmetic?
CAPITALIST PRODUCTION.
The essential characteristic of
wealth production under the present
system Is that ot profit, This Is merely another form of getting something
for nothing. It is self evident that
something cannot be obtained tor nothing without some one getting the
wont of tbe deal. Capitalist production will be speeded up to the utmost
limit so long as a proflt can be realized, "The motive lying behind It Is
not the produce ot use value, but of
exchange value. No matter how urgent the. need ot any given thing, its
production under capitalism must
cease when proflt can no longer be obtained through its production and sale.
The matter of sale Is, of course, incidental to the progress of proflt getting.
Fully developed capitalism implies
the capitalization of the means of
wealth production, and production for
proflt
If a clear understanding ot what the
real meaning of capital It were first
obtained, much confusion might be
avoided ln dealing with the problems
that are continually arising under Us
rule.
Capital is a term applied to the
means of wealth production under certain circumstances only. A mill, mine,
factory, land, etc, may or may not be
capital. Operated exclusively by - tbe
labor of the owners these things would
not be capital. They would be merely
thlnga for use, owned and operated by
the tame persons. No profit would accrue to the owners from euch operation. Ai the articles produced would
contain only their own labor, lt Ib clear
that they could not obtain something
for nothing.
If, however, these mills, mines, etc.,
be owned by one man or set of men
whose labor power Is purchased as a
commodity in the market, they take on
the character of capital,, and bo function as long as the goods or wares produced realise a price In excess of the
sum paid for the labor power purchased. With full fledged capital the
labor of the owner It no longer expended In the matter of wealth production. This is entirely carried on by
hired labor. Capital then becomes
merely a means of exploiting or making a proflt out ot labor. It Is needless to say that thtt labor Is not fur-
Dished by the owners of capital.
Capital feeds upon- wage labor. The
labor market is Its legitimate feeding
ground. As capital develops and become! more completely concentrated
In the hand! ot the few giant corporations, the greater becomes the number
of those who are forced to sell their
labor power to prolong their existence.
The more fully stocked with labor the
market becomes, tbe more satisfactory
the situation from the standpoint ot
capital. The opportunity Is thereby
furnished to feed lti appetite with
those choice selections that render the
largest stream ot the juicy and succulent proflt.
It should always be kept ln mind
that capital Is any form of property
used tor the purpose of making a proflt out of labor.
The resource! of the earth cannot
he converted Into form usable by man
except by labor. The conversion of
the resources of the earth Into things
usable by man Is termed wealth production. Labor then produces all
wealth.
That portion of human society which
performs the labor required to produce the things necessary to the life
of tbe race and the prolongation of Its
existence Is the only useful part of It
It Is the working class alone thst
makes even the miserable civilization
of today possible, as it is the working
class that carries the burden of Its
support upon its back. Tbe working
class It tht only part of human society
thlt society cannot get along without
Tbe position of labor under the present system of capitalist property Is
not an enviable one to be occupied by
so Important a (actor. Labor power,
or the power to labor ii merely an article of merchandise, a ware, a commodity to be bought and sold in the
market like sausage, tripe, spittoons,
or coon skins.
Possessing no ownership or control
of the means of production, access to
which he must have in order to live,
the worker must sell his commodity to
■ome employer. The more complete
the development of. capital, the more
glutted the condition of the labor market. The more pronounced this condition, tbe keener and fiercer becomes
the competition for Jobs among the
workert. As a result the price of labor power (wages) ii inevitably
forced down closer and closer to the
bare colt of subsistence. In the face
of these adverse conditions of the market, the wage cannot he forced up.
The farmer with his small holdings,
tools, horses, etc., doea not work for
wagei, but the circumstances under
which he labors furnish but a flimsy
disguise for what amount! to practically the tame thing.
He works—wife, children and himself—for a bare existence, as a rule,
Hli hour! are longer than thoae of the
worker of the factory, mill, and railway. Tbe only advantage he hat over
bis compatriot the out and out wage
slave lt that his Job. is "steady."
Millions of small farmers pour their
products'into the vortex of the world's
market In such stupendous volume
that the price Is held down to a price
which will only allow, tbe farmer to
obtain what the wage slave gets—a
bare existence.
AUSTRALIAN POLITICS.
(Continued From Past One.)
ditlon, is perhaps as good as in any
part of the world. The eight-hour day
is universal. The country is white
throughout, and the worker ts spared
the humility of competition with
cheaper colored labor. The government Is already entering the field of
manufacture and Industry, and if the
"Referenda" now being considered by
the Federal government receives the
assent of the people, that government
wtll have the power to take over any
business Considered to be a monopoly
and to crush anything that has the
semblance of a trust. Is this Socialism or is lt not?
The moneyed'- class, through Its
press, says yes, and is predicting blue
ruin for the country. The Socialists,
or some of them, say It Is not Socialism. I say some of'them, because the
vast majority of Australian Socialists
are lh the Labor party, Those outside the party, sometimes referred to
as the Secessionists, withdrew from
the Labor party, some years ago, and
have an organization ot their own—
the Socialist-Labor party, with which
the I. W. W., how organizing here, is
afn'lated. The Socialist party It very
weak numerically, and more or less
divided Into sub-sections. They
sometimes nominate candidates for
the legislature, with the result that
a small portion of the Labor vote It
diverted, and the Liberal! reap the
benefit. Indeed, the Liberal! make
no secret of the (act that the Socialist
party holds the unique distinction ot
being a great assistance to them in
their flght against Labor. The Socialist party, regarded th other countries
as the vanguard of the Labor movement, Is not so regarded here. Rather
is its position like that of an old
countrv union in America, endeavoring to recruit the workers to Its
ranks, Instead of Joining forces with
the already established organizations
of the country having the same ends
in view. The Labor party is firmly
established here, and has the almost
undivided confidence of the working
class, and a pity it Is that tbe good
Reds cannot see their way to tall ln
line.
I have heen to considerable pains to
flnd out trom members ot the Socialist party the reasons for this secession, but these reasons have been met
with very fair counter arguments by
members of the Labor party. I append a few of the chief charges made
b the Socialist party against the labor party, with the refutations of the
latter, in catachlimal, form for the
sake of brevity.
Charge: The Labor party Is responsible for the establishment of a system of compulsory training ln the
Commonwealth, thereby declaring Itself In favor of militarism, whloh Is
anti-socialistic.
.Answer: True, the party did establish the system, acting on the principle that policies mutt ln a measure
conform to local conditions. Australia's peculiarly Isolated position and
sparse population makes lt a tempting
halt for hordes of Chinese and Japanese who are longing to pounce upon It,
and among whom the doctrine of anti-
militarism has not yet been preached.
The argument that the worker, who
owns nothing, could not lose anything
in case of an armed Invasion, does not
alter the case; for under the rule of a
long oppressed and scarce civilized
race, would not his partially earned
emancipation and freedom be taken
away? In the face of these facta, the
Labor party deems military protection
necessary, and io hat chosen tbe most
equitable form of protection, and Its
system provides that every male over
fourteen, rich or poor, shall participate In the country's defence. The
citizen soldier Is not obligated for service in case of industrial strife.
Charge: The Socialists claim that
the Labor party is but a tool In the
hands ot Capital; that It accepts palliative measures and sops instead of
taking hold of the countries' Industries and resources tor its own class.
Answer: The Labor party lh Australia, as elsewhere, li fighting against
great odds. The worker has to contend with an established and powerful system, which cannot oe over
thrown In a day. The palliatives and
sops referred to are hut slices of the
loaf which the worker hopet some day
to own In toto. If ihe attainment of
this object Is not proceeding swiftly
enough, the Socialists should help the
Labor party to move more quickly.
Charge: The Socialists, or the International section of them, condemn
the Labor party for restricting alien
Immigration.
Answer: After reviewing coun-
dltlons In countries where white and
colored labor compete, and comparing
them with tbe conditions ln Australia,
the Labor party does not deem lt
necessary to discuss the matter, Th >
policy of a white Australia stands.
Charge: The Socialist party con.
demns the action of Labor governments in supporting and pandering, for
royalty. The Federal premier li accused of attending the coronation in
barbarous splendor. The members of
tabor governments are charged with
raising their own salaries and living
up to a standard beyond that of their
class.
Answer: The Labor party plead,
guilty to the flrst section. With exceptions, ltt members do support or
at any rate ' do honor the King.
They hold, ln extenuation, that while
they are the direct representatives of
the working class, they are alto the
representatives of a nation that still
upholds royalty. The tame excuie
li given for the Prime Minister's attendance at the Coronation. In regard to the latter part of the charge,
the Labor party claims that a man
with the necetsary talent to bold a
ministerial portfolio should be well
paid for hit labor; and thtt If anyone
Is entitled to wear good clothes It is
the man who makes the clothes.
Some Idea may be gleaned from the
foregoing as to the reason for the
secession of the Socialists from the
Labor party. Whether the reason Is
good and sufficient to justify such a
lamentable state of affairs as a divided labor vote li a matter ot opinion.
Perhaps the day will come when the
Socialist party wtll see lit to re-unlte
with their fellow workers. It may
mean a slight concession on their part
-■-perhaps concessions on both sides—
but the present state of things Is without doubt Inimical to the best inter
esti of the working class.
Meantime, the Labor party Is paramount In Australia. It has come to
stay.- It has recruited the workers'
forces In the labor organizations, snd
Is educating and drilling them In the
Political tabor League, The working
class has learned Its strength, and Is
using It. And while the flght Is raging, the slogan is, "Organize and Educate." Workers the world over are
eagerly watching tbelr Australian
comrades at the front, and the result
of the conflict will not be disappointing.
Agents Wanted
Throughout Canada to sell
Vancouver Real Estate and
British Columbia Acreage
References given and required.   Liberal commissions.
W.W. LEFEAUX
Labor Temple Building
/     Dunsmuir Street Vincouver, B. C.
"Best.Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B.  0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
_______ WI NTER SUIT
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select from
FRED PERRY^Te*ff T^
Comer Homtr uid Duuninr Streets
Imperial Wine
Company
64 Cordova Street Wkst
Phone Set. 955
Direct Importers of
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goods Delivered Free to all
' parts of the city
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Magaiine 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Herses
and Shetland Ponies* tor Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 70S
Stay  away  from   Porcupine, Ont
Strike onl
Berry Bros.
agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"The Hereto wtur ike g-**ats«t«i»
Full line of accessories
Repsirs promptly executed
t» MtMT—omtr.m.
note teysswt ttot
Ask Your BARBER For
LETOURNEAUX
Q-aalltx tha Baat
>> ITUST
Which Will You Pay?
$30 for a half deoent ready-made, made under con-
ditions that are indecent or will you pay
$40 FOR A HRST-IUASS SUIT
that has complied with union requirements and is
made of the very best English Woolens that money
Will buyf If you are a union man and consistent in
your principles you must decide in favor of a Onion
made Suit made by
FRED PERRY
 ; .....  ... -->.
Labor Temple   Dunsmuir Street
..tex*P?,
S

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