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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 13, 1912

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FIFTH YEAR.   No. 88.
No, 60S. Watch your address label.
C/aUCIAL period       in
"Neither the provincial nor the
/ominion governments will Interfere
in the strike ot the coal miners on
Vancouver Island, tor the reason they
know that the result of any Investigation on their parts as to the conditions existing' in the mines, or aa
to the merits or demerits of the strike,
would result ln a victory tor the strikers."
Such was tha statement made at a
mass meeting tn the Dominion Theatre, Oranvllle street, last Sunday
evening, by Qeorge Pettigrew, International board member of tbe United
Mine Workers of America, while placing before the union men of the city
the story of the strike.
"Sir Richard McBride," the speaker went on, "was asked by a commit
tee of the striking miners to look
Into the trouble and to make every
investigation In connection with' the
affair. In refusing to do tbls he stated that under the Mines Act of the
province he found no -clause which
compelled him to do this. Instead ot
helping to make a settlement between
the striking miners and the mine owners, the government has, by refusing
to comply with the request of the
minora regarding the investigation,
Impeded any settlement which might
have been arrived at."
In reviewing the history of the strike
Org. Pettigrew said: "It Is now
twelve weeks since the commencement of the strike, and although It
hu many times heen reported tbat
it haa ben settled, this Is not so, and
better proof of this statement cannot
be had than the knowledge that Mr.
Bowser has sent Into the strike die-
trltt too policemen. These constables,
v hen I hey arrived In the strike sone,
Immediately went amongst the Chinese miners, wbo, out ot sympathy with
their white co-workers, had also refused to go Into the mines to work.
The police told tbem, aa per Instructions, that they would have to choose
between going to work and getting
out of the country. They also told
the Chinese merchants that if help
were supplied to the strikers by them
i hey would also be forced out The
result ot thla plan waa that some
200 of the Chinese went back to work,
hut only worked sufficiently long
each week so that tbey would be left
unmolested by the government.
"It was here that the government
csmn to the help ot the Canadian
Collieries, Limited. By sending In
these special constables they were the
tsuse cf any trouble, wblch subsequently took place between the strlk-
< rs and others. Not oply had these
noUcemen tht power to carry out
tht law, but they also had the power
to break It. Many ot them were
drunken fellows and at different times
started trouble, which they themselves were wholly responsible for."
J. W. Wilkinson presided as chairman, and the hall was given for the
evening by Vancouver local of the S.
D. P.
The Canadian Collieries Co., operating at Cumberland and ladysmlth,
Vancouver Island, has commenced legal proceedings to evict the locked-out
coal miners and their wives and families from the miserable excuses for
homes, located on company property.
The Miners' Union is building tern-
porary houses for the accommodation
of the membership, pending the settlement which must come soon, If
there is to be coal mined at those two
points. Despite every difficulty placed
In the way of the locked-out miners, including the government's two hundred
special police, there Is every prospect
of the coal diggers' demands—enforcement of the Coal Mines Regula
tion Act—being conceded. Meantlmel
the International .s providing strike
pay and the miners are making the
beet of the enforced holiday. Though
the Canadian Collieries Co. Ib scouring
the country for strike-breakers they
are meeting with little success. The
scarcity of coal In Vancouver continues.
The following conversation took
place one morning last week between
one ot the striking miners and a man
who had been employed by one ot the
efrcuBe me, where are you golngT
What are you going to do there?
Answer—Work for the Canadian
Oc Pltrles Company.
Are you aware there Is a strike on
Answer—I am going to be a flreboss.
Have you got a flreboss' certificate?
Answer—Wbat Is a flreboss?
It was explained a flreboss was a
man employed to examine tbe workings In a mine and seek gas, etc., and
see the mine was ln a safe condition.
He then said he was under the lm-
irrsstnn that his Job as flreboss was to
look after men who were burning rubbish, stumps, etc., and decided he was
near enough the mines, and turned
away to seek another Job.
Fishermen Reorganising.
Pacific Coast fishermen are again
holding organisation meetings In Vancouver Labor Temple, after a lapse
of some years. This time the halibut fishermen are included.
Central Labor Body Business Agent,
Ihe compilation of reports from at-
filiated unions with Vanoouver Trades
and Labor Council shows that thirteen
of them were in favor ot the proposal
to place a permanent business agent tn
the Held, while Ave were opposed. Seventeen unions neglected to report at
all. The report was laid over till the
first meeting in February.
B. C. Electric Co.'s Payroll,
An excerpt from Chairman R. M.
Home-Payne's address to the annual
general meeting of B.C . Electric Rail-
way Co., shareholders at London,last
n-pptr, says:
"At a rough, but fairly reliable, estimate the company has Itself expended
in wages since 1808 (14,430,000, not including contractors' wages. During the
(MuVjral Organiser •Total aad aVsttauiut
Employees' XnienuUlonal Alliance aad
j—lindr—    •     -
den'  International
America, with hsadoi
natt, Ohio, now la Vi
Leant ot
i at Olnein-
A lettergram from Porcupine Miners' union, No. 145, South Porcupine,
Ont, to The Federatlonist asks that all
members of organised labor throughout Western Canada be notified of the
strike against a reduction in wages.
"Notwithstanding subsidized press
reports," says the conrespondent, "the
union haB the properties completely
tied up and is in a position to dictate
terms. Already four of the companies
have yielded and more concessions are
expected dally. We wish to impress
upon unionists that the Western Federation of Miners, being an industrial
union, wo have Jurisdiction over all
crafts and trades In this vicinity, Jurisdiction that Is conceded us by the
American Federation of Labor, and
Job-seekers will be well advised to
keep In close touch with our officers
before accepting work ln this district
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council will probably extend an Invitation
to the American Federation of Labor
convention at Seattle, next November,
to adjourn for one day to participate
In an excursion to the Terminal City,
leaving Seattle one evening and returning the next, the delegates to
spend the day aa the guests of the
local Council.
Street Railway Employees.
Vancouver Division No. 101 Is now
the largest Individual anion ln Vancouver, lta membership having
reached well over the 1,000 mark during the past few weeks. With the addition of some fifty cars dn the city
service after the flrst ot next month
the "waiting Hat" will lie further
drawn upon. The Division Is busy
electing officers for the ensuing term.
At last meeting the Street Railwayman took occasion to vote 150 to the
striking miners at Cumberland and
Ladysmlth. The membership of Division 101 are affiliated with the central
Tabor body, the B, C. Federation of
Labor; the Trades and Labbr Congress
of Canada, and, through their own International, with the American Federation of Labor. They-are among
the unions that subscribe for The Federatlonist In a body for their entire
membership; always send delegates
to every Important convention of organized wage-workers, and seem to
bo fully alive to tbe blgfess ot the
world-wide labor movement. They
have an all-union agreement with the
B. C. Electric Railway Co., get a tolerably decent wage, protect their membership while on the Job; 'maintain a
sick and death benefit fund, bury the
dead, and are ever ready to do a good
turn for each other and their dependents. Would there were more unions
like Division No. 101. It will thrive
because lt deserves to.
rest year alone we have spent on cap- „,„,„ „„,„,,„„„ „„,„ ,„ „.,„ „„„,„
lisl and revenue accounts |12,6M,717,, of any klnd untll thl, flght is won
of which \Vt_oi represents salaries • completely. Unionists", tell your friends
SL-SE.-K*1 oBoI»i»»111 "taff •» d'3'* that this Is a flght to maintain the
(176,780 the wages of other employees, |e|ght.hour work day and against a cut
leaving $8,813,359, a large proportion
of which represents wages paid by
contractors working for the company.
The total number ot employees on
the company's payroll at June 80th,
19,4 was 5,660, and the estimated
number of employees paid through
contractors was 2,500, making a total
of 8,160 employees in the service. As.
sumlng sn average number of persons
dependent on each wage-earner as two
we have a total number of persons
maintained by tbe British Columbia
Electric Railway Company, directly
and through its contractors, of 24,480,
or 11 per cent, of the total population served by the company.
At the end of 1898 we had 40 miles
ot track, today we have 280. In 1898
we had 2,000 h. p. available, today we
have 12,000 h. i>'. In 1898 we were operates 14 passengers cars, In 1908 we
had 71, In 1909, 97, ln 1910,128, In 1911,
840, and today we own or have under
contract for prompt delivery 359 passenger cars."
In wages, and for the present keep
away from Porcupine."
The Vancouver local Is fairly well
organized.   Strike still on at the Barber MattresB Factory.
FOB oobuno WEEK
Sunday, Dec. 16.—Clgarmakers, 1. p. m. Telegraphers, 10:80
a. m.   Bartenders.
Monday, Dec. 11.—Boilermakers, Tailors Executive; Electrical Workers, No. 213: Builders
Laborers; Brotherhood of Car
penters- Elevator Constructors.
Tuesday, Dec. 17.—Sign Painters; Bookbinders; Shinglers;
Amalgamated Carpenters; Loco,
Firemen and Enginemen; Bricklayers.
Wednesday, Dec. 18.—Cement
Workers; Tile Layers; Amal.
Carpenters; Street Railway-
men; Plumbers; Stationary Engineers.
Thursday, Dec. 19.--Pattem
Makers; Malntalnance. ot Way
Employees; Ship Carpenters
and Caulkers; -Painters; Sheet
Metal Workers; Railway Carmen; Trades and Labor Council; Carpenters' Social and
Friday, Dec. 20.T-Upholsters;
Electrical Workers, No. 621;
Cooks; Civic Employees; Molders;  Granite Cutters.
■eerttan-tttasara Vancouver Divlsloa
•To. 101, xatsnutloaal Association of
Street aad sfltotrlo Beltway r
Death of W. C. Pettlplece.
A telegram to R. P. Pettlplece yesterday afternoon from Revelstoke, announced the death of his brother, W.
C. Pettlplece, after a lingering Illness,
precipitated while on duty as a locomotive driver, over a year ago.
Much has been said In the columns*
of the Pacific Northwest labor press
concerning the slavish working conditions Imposed upon wage-workers In
the timber Industry, and tbe necessity
for organisation baa been keenly felt
ind urged by existing labor unlona.
When Preaident Brown of the International Shingle Weavers' Union, with
headquarters at Seattle, visited Vancouver Trades and Labor Council last
October, the question of tackling the
Job of completely organising the Umber Incustry waa thoroughly discussed.
It was conceded that George Heather.
ion, assisted by the central labor body
and the A, F. of L„ had done good
pioneer service, hut lt waa also recognised that some more comprehensive
■ - statutes and the addition «
plan would have to be adopted If tht other measures calculated tt
most effective results were to be of tht struggle of the workers fo
So Ssy We All.
The Labor and Socialist parties of
all lands stand firmly against militarism and war. We think a measure
. nould be drafted Immediately by the
Labor party and Introduced Into par
nent to push forward the question
of International arbitration. Our
working-class comradeB should do the
same In their respective countries. It
Is time that firm pressure were put on
governments to compel them to stop
the brutal and bloody methods of the
past, and to settle quarrels in the light
of reason and common sense.—Daily
Lookout! Preparel Beware! What
for? Why, the Carpenters' Union's
whist drive and dance, which will take
place on Thursday, Dec. 19th, at 8 p.
m. tn the Labor Temple. Valuable
prizes will be presented to the winners of the whist drive, which have
been generously donated to the committee by the following merchants:
Flett's. Hardware Store, 111 Hastings
W.; E. S. Kuowlton's drug store, 16
Hastings B.; Burton Bros., gents' furnishers, 69 Hastings W., and David
Spencer ft Sons. Come one, come all;
and have the time ot your life. Tickets
tor gents, 50 cents, ladles free; which
can be secured at the carpenters' office In the Labor Temple.
No wonder a doctor has "dreamB."
or men-are
leather all
SOME makers of cheap shoes olaim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles. If thoy do it's
certainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you overe xamiue the sole of
oheap shoes? If you did, the color was apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
Did you observe what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The soles of Invietus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—a fiuo-grnined flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out.   Wo have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
$5M to #7.22
Hudson's Bay Stores
International   Organiser  Instills
New Life and Determination
Into Local Culinary Unions.
I would like to call the attention ot
the people of Vancouver to the deplorable conditions which exist among the
culinary workers (cooks, waiters and
waitresses) of this city. Unfortunate*
ly the waitresses of Vancouver do not
enjoy the lioiiofltB of an eight-hour law
such as exists In the states of Washington and California, a law created
through the earnest efforts of the labor unionists and their friends.
In Vancouver It is nothing unusual
for waitresses to work ten or twelve
hours n day, and In many cases even
longer hours, under the most trying
conditions Imaginable. In many cases
they arc compelled to work under the
supervision of Chinese or Japanese,
who, on account of their low-wage,
long-hour working propensities, are
particular favorites ot the employers,
and as a result lt proves unprofitable
for the waitress, even though she may
have been the subject of unmentionable abuses from the said Chinese or
Jap, to complain to the boss. In 99
cases out of a 100 whore a complaint
Is made the girl will be dismissed and
the Asiatic remains on the Job.
A little ovor fourteen years ago, un-
able to longer Bland the abuses heaped upon them, a small number of
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses got together and formulated a Local, joining
what wan known at that time as the
"Knights of Labor." By hard and persistent work tbe "small bunch" grew
Into several Locate; Anally forming
what Ib now known as the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees' International
Alliance and the Bartendere' International League of America. From a
small and insignificant start the membership has grown until today we
stand tenth ln size of the Internationals composing the American Federation of Labor.
To recite the deplorable conditions
which confronted our craftsmen before
we became the organization that we
are today, would take up many more
pages than The B. C. Federatlonist
contains. At that time the "tougher"
a cook, waiter or waitress was, the
more competent they were considered,
wages being a nonentity, the employe
being expected lo "get theirB" aB long
as It did not come out of the bosses'
There aro pletny of bosses today
who would like to revert back to those
conditions if allowed to do so. Our
organisation stands firmly opposed to
such methods, and we propose to light
against them to the last drop of the
hat. In bettering the conditions of
our workers we have saved hundreds
of girls from the clutches of "white
Blavery," and hundreds of men and
women from the terrible "white
plague." We are demanding living
wages and sanitary conditions.
Are you with us?
boBses and the UNION BUTTON of
To the cooks, waiters and waitresses
Delegates- to the Central Labor
Body are reminded that the next regular meeting place at Labor Temple on
Thursday evening next, Dec. 19, at 8
o'clock sharp. A number ot questions
will be up for consideration, requiring the best judgment of the affiliated
union membership. Every delegate
should be present. Remember the
Trades and Ubor Council Ib what tho
membership make it.
Teamsters' Union.
The sum of 650 was voted to the
Teamsters' union at last meeting of the
Central uabor body, for the purpose ot
assisting tn organization work. The
Teamsters have had tough sledding for
some time, but the prospects are improving, and with the placing of a
business agent on the job this membership should be considerably increased during the next month or two,
of Vancouver, who do not belong to
the union:
In San Francisco the culinary workers, lu an endeavor to gain recognition for their Locals, secured a plain
little Mexican burro that had been
uted day In and day out by bis owner,
lo place In front of the restaurant being boycotted, the burro covered with
tho boycott signB being an extraordinary attraction. Although only au
unassuming, peaceful little "Jackass,"
that burro soon discovered the difference between working 24 hours a day
or eight with the same remuneration,
The Locals had been boycotting one
large place for several months without
getting the desired results, and aB the
proprietor of the place was supposed
to possess considerable finance, it was
decided to take the burro off that place
and tackle another one farther down
the street. Imagine the surprise ot
the num ln charge of the burro when
In taking him down to work the next
day to have the little "jackasB" stop
when he got ln front of the place
where he had been doing duty and refuse to go further on. After trying In
Innumerable ways to coax the burro to
come along, the man gave up and decided to loave tho burro there and go
to the union headquarters and report.
Ab the executive board of the three
Locals was in Beesion he reported to
It. The memberB of the board decided
that as his "nobs" wanted to "stick"
(thereby proving that he wasn't merely a "card bearer") they would give
him the chance, and thoy did, with
the result that the house was compelled to come to time, thereby proving that perseverance wins.
You cooks, waiters and waitresses
of Vancouver: Take a lesson from
that clever little burro, who saw at
once what you so far have failed to
see: that ORGANIZATION, EDUCATION, AOITATION and PERSEVERANCE WINS. Don't wait until the officials of the UNION hunt you up and
loose time trying to persuade you to
come In. Call at Ihe office at Labor
Temple, Room 203, and make application for membership. The Initiation
fee for cooks Is $3; for waiters, $2.60;
and for waitresses, 62.
International Organiser.
B. 0. rtdwattoa of Labor l_cni
Wren iMtstW.
For the past three years tht txeeo-
Uvt committee of tht British Colutv
bla Federation of Labor has beta mak-,
ing representations to tot McBride
government at Victoria, tttdtavortag
to secure tht enforcement of what
labor" legislation Is already ot. the
Membership of Over 300 Will Poll
Their Votes at Labor Temple
For Favorite Candidates.
Next Wednesday the annual election
of officers of Vancouver Typographical
Union, No. 226, takes placo in Rooms
212-14, Labor Temple. The polls will
be open from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m., and will
be in charge of Secretary Neelands,
returning officer. Only those actually
voting will be allowed In the room
where the voting Is being done, while
the polls are open.
At the opening of the polls the ballot box will be sealed up, and at the
close delivered to the scrutineers,
Messrs. Hunt, Dormaii and Connell,
who will Immediately count the ballets and make the result known to the
president and secretary.
Much Interest centers around the
contest tor president. Mr. Armstrong
1b up for re-election and Is opposed
by Mr. A. E. Robb, who served as
vice-president during 1910. The vice-
presidency, secretaryship, reading
clerk, and delegates to Allied Trades
goes by acclamation. Following Is a
list of candidates:
For president—Armstrong, W. S.
(Province); Itolih, A. E. (Sun).
For vice-president— England, A. H.
For secretary-treasurer—Neelands,
For executive committee—Metsger,
W. C, (News-Advertiser); Barber, H.
G. (Province); Wilton, J. E. (Province); Klrkpatrlck, E. (Sunset);
Mnunstephen, li. (Sunset); Youhill,
W. H. (Metropolitan); Schneider, F.
(Sun); Murdoch, W. (World).
Auditing commltteo—Bunn, W. (Province); Trumper, E. .1. (News-Adver-
tlBer); Jonea, W. O. (Linguistic
PreBS); Williams, N. (News-Advertiser).
Trustees—Wllby, George (World);
Trotter, W. It. (Province); Hoerle,
Alvan R. (News-Advertiser); Benson,
H. C. (World).
Reading clerk—Wilton, J. E,
Sergeant - at ■ Arms — I'roake,
(World); McLean, A. (World)
Hams, N. (NewB-AdvertlBcr);
Whlnney, W. (World).
Delegates to Allied Printing Trades
—Neelands, H.; Fleming, F. R. (Province); Sllckney, W. W. (World).
Sick Committee — Williams, N.
(News-Advertiser); Murdoch, W.
(World); Fleetwood, G. (Sunset);
Mason, N. (News-Advortlser); Hanley,
J. C. (Shllvock'B); Schneldor, F.
(Sun); Alllnaon, W. M. (Western Specialty); Phillips, C. E. (Province).
TradeB and Ubor Council—Trotter,
W; R. (Province); Pettlplece. R. P.
(Foderntlonlst); Rankin, J. (Sunset);
Benson, H. C. (World); Bartley, Geo.
(Sun); Youhill, W. H. (Metropolitan);
Reld, G. Fraser (Metropolitan).
Delegates to British Columbia Fed-
eratlon of Labor—Trotter, W„ R. (Province); Rankin, J. (Sunset); Benson,
H. C. (World); Wilton, J. E. (Province); Pettlplece, R. P. (Federation-
let); Neelands, II.; Wllby, Qeorge
(World); Youhill, W. H. (Metropolitan).
The suggestion that the Shingle
Weavers should ask for the extension
of their Jurisdiction to Include all the
men engaged ln the Umber industry,
was unanimously conceded to be the
beet count. With tht co-operation
of his own organisation, the Washington State Federation of Labor and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, Pres.
Brows attended the Rochester convention of the A. F. of L. end after the
presentation ot hla proposal to the executive council, the request was not
only conceded, but a promise made of
further support to help organise tht
timber Industry of the Pacific Coast.
Upon Pres. Brown's return'from
Rochester he Immediately set things
in motion by calling upon the Shingle
Weavers to take a referendum vote
aa to whether they were prepared to
accept the Increased Jurisdiction with
all the further responsibilities Involved. That the vott will be almost
unanimously In favor of the enlargement of the scope and usefulness
seems certain, Inasmuch as lt haa tht
hearty endorsatlon of the executive
That tbe anxiety for organisation
among the timber workera Is not con-
lined to the coast territory Is evidenced by the receipt of a letter to
The Federatlonist this week, dated at
Cranbrook, in which It Is urged upon
the B. C. Federation of Labor eiecutive board to see that an organiser
is sent Into the Interior.
And no wonder!
For Instance:   At a lumber camp
called Wycllffe the Otis-Staples Lumber Co. has Just posted a notice to Its
employees which reads as follows:
"On and after tht flrst day of
December, all time checks will bt
made payahlt May 1st, Ills."
ihe East Kootenay Lumber Co. baa
adopted the same system, aa has also
the Crowe Nest Lumber Co.
Aside from the fset that the lumber
companies insist upon doing business
upon the wages due their slaves, necessitating a stand-off for merchants
and a long "van" account at the company's store, lt Is also In violation of
the provisions of the Kelly Truck Act
—a mere detail to the McBride government, which refuses to enforce any
law calculated to benefit the workers.
a however, the lumber companies
should happen to need mounted Cos-
sackB to cow the lumberjacks Into submission to such conditions, they oan
depend upon the attorney-general's department delivering the goods. Clubbing men who dare to assume they
have a right to free speech; Intimidating strikers, as at Cumberland Just
now, overcrowding all the Jails and
pens of the province, and hastily erecting new and larger ones for the accommodation of tbe only buildings the
workers build and live In. These are
a specialty with the government that
has Just named an alleged "commission" to "Investigate" labor conditions,
a "commission" that Is so apparently
a Joke that organised labor will probably refuse to appear before It.
If the wage-workers in the timber
industry ever expect to secure better
working conditions, more wages or
anything else, they must be prepared
to do the Job for themselves.
; Wll-
Russlan Exile Benefit.
Tht Finnish Society held a concert
and ball in O'Brien's hall last Saturday
evening for the benefit of the Russian
exiles in Siberia. The participants
spent an enjoyable evening and a
substantial sum was raised.
the struggle of the workert for a living a little easier and safer. .
Nothing, absolutely nothing, kit
teen conceded.
List January Premier McBrldt
promised the union officers that a
"commission" Would bt appointed to
Investigate labor condition* of tht
whole province, with a view to aacer-
talnlng a better understanding of tht
needs and requirements of labor.
Almost a year went by.
The B. c. F. of L. was ssktd to stake i
recommendations for representatives
on the proposed commission.
.It did so.
The first names submitted wtrt
those of President J. W. WUMnsoa aad
Vice-President Jss. Roberts of tht
Western Federation of Miners at
Later Preaident Wilkinson was appointed Western Canada organiser for
the Trades and- Labor Congress of
otnada ud fearing ht would not bt -
available for tht commission the IM-.
eratlon executive board held a apodal
meeting and substituted the name of
Vice-President B. D. Grant, secretary
of New Westminster Tradea ud Labor
council, for that of President Wilkinson.
These names were duly forwarded
to Premier McBride.
Strikes ud rumors of strikes, Industrial unrest snd discontent prevailed
throughout the year all ovtr tht province.
The appointment of tht commlstlot
wu pressed for by the Federation.
Tbe lockout at Cumberland tad
Ladysmlth, Vucouvtr Island, took,
place, simply because a committee of
coal diggers dared to report -the pretence of gaa In dangerous quaatltltt,
contrary to the Coal Mines. Regulation <
Act, a duty that should have beta performed by the mint Inspector.
The Informants were fkred.   -.- ■* ■
A strike or lockout followed.
Still no commission.
Now, with tht next session of tht
provincial honae little more, than a
month away, the long-looktd-for
"commisslon" Is named.
But what a surprise package It Is:
Not a solitary representative of the
Federation la upon lt, nor la there any
one of the bunch but what might be
considered as having been handed tht
Job as a sort of consolstlon prise to
hss-beens ud want-to-be Conservative
H. O. Parson, chairman, defeated
Conservative machine candidate la
East Kootenay at lut election.
A. M. Harper, a Vancouver lawyer;
truly a student of the requirements of
John Jardlne, one ot the greatest political contortionists known to Vie.
torla; tint Labor, then Liberal, later a
Conservative supporter of McBrldt,
but defeated at last election In Esquimau riding.
R. A. Stoney, a steady member of
the Royal City Conservative party,
recommended to the McBride government by no labor organisation In British Columbia.
Lastly: J. A. McKelvIe, Conservative editor of a Vernon Conservative
newspaper supporter of the Conservative machine; never a member of a labor organisation, not even a tradesman,
and coming from the center of an agricultural settlement, giving no opportunity for training as to conditions la
the Industrial world.
Truly a wonderful aggregation!
Federal Eight-Hour Day SHI.
Alphonse Vervllle, M.P., has again
given notice that he will Introduce a
bill In the federal house calling for
the adoption of an eight-hour work
day on all public works.
Marble Cutters' Helpers.
Ths members of the Marble Cutters'
Union this week Joined In the strike
of their helpers, who have been oa
strike for a couple of weeks for an
advance in wages from 13 to 13.50 per
day. Negotiations for a settlement
are being made, with good prospects
of a win for the Helpers.
There must be 10,000 or 12,000 wage-workers
in Vancouver and vicinity who wear overalls and
shirts. We feel confident that if they only knew
the QUALITY and get-up of our OVERALLS
and SHIRTS every one of them would buy the
BUCK BRAND-made in
Vancouver—Union made-
well made—made to stand all
kinds of wear and tear—
made in a well ventilated factory, under union conditions,
with all that that implies.
The margin of profit on
BUCK BRAND is not so
large for retailers as on
cheaper sweat-shop brands; hence buyers are sometimes urged to take something "just as good." But
wage-workers who desire a DEPENDABLE
OVERALL always insist upon having the BUCK
BRAND. Ask your dealer for them.
1176 Homer Street page -iwd
He1 BRi*isrf JoLimtiiA taiiftA-MONis-i!
!'■■>■     ' ■II-*'
Thr Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $ 11,500,000
Reserve 12,300,000
Total Assets 175,000.000
One  Dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be il large or small
Twelve Branches   in   Vancouver
■Md Otto* TsUeonvu*. B.O.
Authorised Capital 98,000,000
■ubseribed Capital  1,169,900
raid Up Capital     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed In it
by the people, and lt Ib always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that ts consistent with safety and good management
Tow account very cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway.   West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts.
Granville St. Branch,  1146 Gran.
vllle St
Pender   St   Branch,   Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager,
Assistant General Manager.
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
•fleets your future welftre
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know> it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St Wist
Cot. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    ■  B.O.
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
tj It Standi (or all that Union
Labor Standi (or.
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor temple        Phone sey'. 4400
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
135 HMtsntfa Straet B.
The Home oi High-Class
; Where Everyfodry Goes
•'  >  ' r'    *      ■*-
1 B.C. fflHtlM
Published weekly by Ths B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., .owned Jointly tar Van;
couver Trades and Labor Counoll ana
the B. O. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wasjs-
Issued every Fridsy mornine.
 Jas. Campbell
...J. W. Wilkinson
 J. McMillan
 i. H. McVety
Parm. Peitlpl
ones:   Boom SIS, lsbor Temple
Tel. S»7. SSie.
Subscription:    11.00 par yesr:   In Vancouver City, 11.25;   to unions subscribing In a body, 75 cents.
1 Inch, per issue 76c
2 Inches, per issue 70o
3 Inches, per Issue ;0c
4 Inches, per issue...... J5o
6 Inches and upwards 60c
'•Jnlty ot Labor) tie tope cf the world.'
OV PAPER. If this numbsr Is on lt
your* subscription expires next Issue.
Vancouver Is once more being treated to a spasm ot virtue upon tbe part
ot a section ot tbe community that
can only find means ot emphasising
Its own purity by belittling tbat ot
others. Tbls "holier than thou" aggregation Is just now especially busy
ln decrying the social evil and demanding that dire punishment be meted out to those who sexually stray
from the path of rectitude, as surveyed and charted by the saviors of souls
and custodians of moralB ever since
those ancient and honorable occup-
tlons became lucrative callings.
Probably no more threatening symptom of the Innate rottenness of modern civilisation can be found than the
so-called social evil. To every student
of the times lt must be apparent that
in spite ot all tbe moral and ethical
teachings of the ages, an ever Increasing percentage of the females of all
countries are being engulfed In the
maelstrom of this awful scourge. This
fact stares us In the face and no one
short of a veritable ass can presume
for a moment that such a scourge can
be accounted for Upon the presumption of the human tendency to sinfulness and error, rather than towards
goodness and truth. And yet our
moral custodians of Vancouver, they
who loudly proclaim themselves disciples of the gentle Nazarene, have
nothing to offer in the way of dealing
with this plague, other than the policeman's club, the court and the prison
pen. Punishment! Punishment! Al-
ways punishment, more drastic and severe.
Is there such a lack of virtue In the
splendid teachings of he whom they
profess to follow, and wblch have been
so widely proclaimed tor the last 1900
years, that, ln the last analysis, resort
must be had to club, bludgeon and
gaol, ln order to prevent human society from smothering ln Its own rottenness and corruption? In sooth, lt
would so seem.
He who does not know that prostitution was unknown In history until
the birth of human slavery, does not
know much. He who does not know
that tbe period ln history known as
civilization. haB been the history of hu-
man slavery, Is also short ot know-
ledge. He who does not know that
prostitution Is part and parcel of present day trade and commerce, and that
It la Just as natural and logical an
expression and fruit ot slavery as any
other vice, has still much to learn before being qualified to pass Judgment
upon the victims of this awful trafllc.
Trade and commerce, carried on for
gain, are unthinkable terms except the
production of wealth be carried on by
slaves. Present day production is carried on by wage-slaves. That portion
of their product, In excess of their
purchasing power, whtcn Is measured
by their wages, affords the motive and
profit of the world's trade and commerce. The highly perfected tools and
Implements of Industry hsve so multiplied the productive power of labor,
tbat a surplus of slaves Is always to
be found ln the market. Less than the
entire number are required In order
to keep the world's market fully supplied with goods. The pressure for
employment constantly Increases as a
result of this, and eventually Individuals are forced to smother their loftier
moral and ethical conceptions, abandon principle and become physical and
mental prostitutes In order to obtain
their dally bread, that needful thing
that can no longer be obtained by
prayer, no matter hpw fervent Aa to
how much these ministers of Vancouver know In regard to the cause ot the
"Boclal evil" and other disgusting phenomena Incident to modern clvlllsa'
tlon, we do-not know; but of one thing
we are certain. If any one of them
possesses convlnctlons, the. expressing
of which will tread upon the economic
corns ot his dominant pewholders, unless he becomes a prostitute of the intellect by smothering those convictions, he wll) soon be out of a job
and with a reasonable prospect of
sinking to the level of "Weary Rag-
gle8" and "Dusty Rhodes." ■
Neither man nor woman can live
under capitalist rule, without something to sell. He, or she, who haB nothing to sell but honor and virtue, must
needs sell these or starve.
The billionaire, as well as the slave,
depends upon the ssle of something
In order to exist. Neither the profit of
the former or the wage of the latter
can be forthcoming otherwise. If the
latter happens to be ot the weaker
sex, and so-called honorable employment not available, it- need cause no
surprise if she be found among, the
outcast. No amount ot clubbing, arresting, lining, and Imprisonment will
ever check lt, much less stop lt. The
problem Is purely an economic one.
It Is neither a matter of morals, ethics, sentiment, Virtue or vice. It Is a
matter of cold, hard, material fact.
In tbe front pews, listening with
wrapt and approving attention to the
ministerial cftBtlgatlons of the victims
of the social evil, and the officials of
the law who fall to repress lt, sits
more than one employer of female labor whose slaves receive such miserably small wages that they cannot remain virtuous and live. And these
unctuous vlsaged, bargain-counter pirates join In the cry ot "Crucify them"
while every thread upon their backs,
yeB, even the coin they drop ln the collection, reeks and stinks with the
sweat and blood wrung trom these unpaid slaves.
Another commendable way to deal
with prostitution Is to drive Its victims
out of town. This has been done upon
several occasions here ln Vancouver
during recent years. It Is quite ss effective and fully as decent as would
be the case of attempting to inaugurate  sanitary Improvement  by each
family throwing their dead cats asid
other garbage Into their neighbor's
dooryard. 'Probably this pious practice finds precedent ln the famous
eviction from the Garden of Eden.
Instead ot dealing harshly with sin-
ful females, our garrulous preachers,
unctuous labor skinners and verbose
real estate sharks ought to look compassionately upon them; In fact ought
to treat them with veneration and reverence In honor of their, and our, ancestors. Mother Eve listened to tbe
serpent, whispered in Father Adam's
ear and both fell from grace. Had lt
not been for that fall, neither pulpit
or pulpit-pounder, unctuous labor skinner nor festive and verbose ireal estate shark, would now exist. Where
Vancouver now stands would still be
a howling wilderness. Our resources
would be still undeveloped and tbe
gentle art ot making a lancy living by
'swapping real estate and lying like
horse thieves, as yet unknown. That
such glorious possibilities should be
opened out to them through the sin ot
our first parents ought to cause every
apologist and disciple of the present
order to look with charity upon all
sinners along similar lines.
After previous virtue spasms ln this
city it was usually disclosed that some
particularly juicy real estate transaction lay behind the affair and furnished the zea. for virtue and the enthusiasm for purification and repentance.
It would not be surprising to flnd that
some equally worthy motive Ilea behind the present squawk. .
' Those who sincerely desire the moral and ethical uplift of the race should
remember that a society bullded upon
the enslavement of labor Cannot become superior to that upon which it
rests. Slavery Is the primal and only
curse ever Inflicted upon human society. It haa fostered and bred nothing that Is good, because lt Is ln itself
all that Is evil. Whatever there la ln
the modern world that Is good- and
worthy of preservation, has been attained ln spite ot the poison slave
virus running through the veins of
modern society. This speaks volumes
for the Innate virtue and goodness ol
humankind*! a virtue and goodness that
can be expected to blossom and flower
only by the abolition of slavery and Its
hideous train ot attendant evils, the
greatest of which Is the social evil.
Bo long as brute force Is master, with
ignorance and cbicanery to direct that
force, periodical howls may be expected against particularly stencbful surface Indications of the gangrene of
slavery that Is Gnawing at the vitals of
human society.
But the problem to be solved Is the
problem of Labor, and moralists and
sentimentalists dare not and cannot
tackle the job. It Is the working class
alone that must do lt. It Ib the working class alone that makes all progress.
The only place to look for consistency is In the cemetery.
Yes, there Is some difference between the reward for killing one person and killing thousands.
. In the labor world they are called
"agitators." In the capitalist world
they are termed "boosters" or "promoters." It's all a question of viewpoint.
According to such eminent authorities as Samuel L. Landers and Samuel
J. Gothard, the way to get things Is
to join the Socialist party.
When the Vancouver Island coal
miners.asked for "Justice," Attorney-
General Bowaer sent them mounted
Cossacks, accompanied by Astatic
When it comes to brass band methods of conducting an election campaign, the banner must be awarded to
a gentleman named Magratb at Edmonton. He Is sure some believer ln
the efficacy of printers' Ink.
"Capitalists" never built the railroads of this country. Tbe roads were
built by donations from the nation,
states, counties and individuals, and
then the people are robbed -. to pay
''Interest" on their own donations. The
people would not co-operate to build
the roads ther wanted, so schemers
co-operated them—and you can see
the result.—Coming Nation.
Vancouver's brilliant detective and
police forces has.made lt almost literally true that one can pick up money
on the streets of this city, \ First a
bank or two, then a restaurant cash
register or two; now an observation
car; any old -time a citizen, returning
home from the. .down .town section.
As a, drag-net (or helpless drunks or
"fallen" women the civic force Is a
wonder, but when It comes to doing
anything worth while, why it's a
shame to take the money! A
Premier McBride has now a golden
opportunity to put some of that
"White B, C." polloy of Ub glvernment
'Into execution, if he ever Intends to.
Asiatics alone-are being Imported Into
Cumberland and Ladysmlth to' take
the place of the miners who were
locked out for standing by miners who
dared to report the presence of gas
ln dangerous quantities. Strike breakers are being permitted to work without certificates required by law; "pub-"
lie" streets are being barricaded and
paroled by mounted Cossacks: the coal
company Is supplied all the machinery
of the government to persecute, jail
and turn out of the Company property
shacks any of the employees who displayed enough manhood to protest ln
tbe only way possible, since the premier refused to intercede by appointing a committee to investigate.
If anything more was needed to brand
the McBride executive council as a
collection of colossal modern Barnums
prepared to do tho bidding of the
coal barons, this sample ought to
Berve the purpose.
For tho past live years Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, latterly assisted by New Westminster and Victoria Trades and Labor Councils, bas
been urging upon the Department of
Labor at Ottawa the necessity of having the secretaries of central labor
bodies automatically appointed as official correspondents of the Labor Gazette, a monthly statistical publication Issued by the Minister of Labor.
After considerable agitation, tbe concession was made to New Westminster some months ago, and Secretary
B, D. Grant now fills the office. After
the election of H. H. Stevens In Vancouver to the federal house, George
Bartley was let out and W. H. You'll,
a Conservative and an active member
of_the militia, was appointed to the
ce. ThlB raised a furore In the
Trades and Labor Council, with the
result that he, too, was canned, followed by the appointment of G. W.
falmer, another member of the Typographical Union, but who failed to
turn ln the desired Information to the
department Upon the return of H. H.
Stevens, M.P., from Ottawa, he telephoned the secretary of Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, then R. P.
Pettlplece, that be bad "capitulated,"
and. wessnow prepared to get service
rather than the rewarding of pollcical
favorltek, 'Accordingly the principle
of appointing the secretaries of central labor bodies sb correspondents
was established ln Vancouver after
five years' agitation. Two months later
Secretary Pettipiece resigned the office to devote his whole time to the
management of The B. C. Federatlonist, owned by the Trades and Labor
Council, and J. W. Wilkinson was
elected aa his successor. Ex-Secretary
Pettipiece at once placed his resignation in the hands.of tbe Department
of Labor, and beginning with the first
of the year It Is expected that Secretary Wilkinson will be accepted by tbe
department as Its correspondent, an
appointment tbat will be entirely satisfactory to the unionists of Vancouver
and vicinity. The federal government
has not yet acceded to tbe request of
Victoria Trades and Labor Council, but
inasmuch as it is almost Impossible
for any other union officer to secure
the desired Information, It Is to be
hoped that the government will accept
the principle throughout the entire Dominion, so tbat the best statistical results may be obtained.
When an organization ot workers Is
so strong that they can command tbe
consideration of tbe employers In any
particular Industry, there is not much
difficulty about tbe recognition of the
Union. There Ib not much difficulty
about getting conferences with the
employers or arbitration boards to.
oonslder wages snd conditions of the
workers so organized. On the other
hand, these troubles arise Immediately
that the employers recognise that the
workers are not strong enough, in the
employers' opinion, to make It Inconvenient to refuse. Sometimes the
employer Is mistaken In the estimate
ot strength, But the lesson Is, If the
workers tn any' particular Industry
want -recognition or conference with
the boss, to save trouble: First make
your union as perfect aa possible. Organise, organize Into International
movement.—Eastern Labor News.
Penn's  Astonishing   Pronunclamento.
The Ideas of William Penn are not
often accounted heretical, and yet part
of his political creed as announced In
the following citation must appear
Iconoclastic Indeed to many persons
today, while others are surprised to
find him bo well abreast of the times,
He said:
Every government shonld provide
for every subject the mea .fa ot living
both honestly and at ease. We should
bring out of every man and every
creature aa much utility as we may.
Now utility' will never be produced,
unless we render life easy and comfortable. If all men and Women would
labor six hours In' the 24, some mentally, some corporeally, setting apart
one day In the seven, all work would
be completed that Is requisite for our
Innocent and rational desires. . . I
tell thee the thing Is possible, and Is
Economy In Peace.
The British chancellor ot the exchequer says: "To maintain peace
the nations of the world spend annually 12,260,000.000."
The nations by settling all controversies through an International court
could, after reserving 1500,000,000 for
policing, save annually $1,750,000,000.
This saving productively employed
would build annually 250,000 miles of
macadamised roads, exceeding tn
length the railroads of the United
It would build annually six transcontinental railroads from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
It would build annually five trans-
Siberian railroads.
It would build annually Ave Panama
It would build annually three "Cape
to Cairo" railways.
It would reconcile annually the
losses of tour San Francisco disasters.
It exceeds by 1880,000,000 the value
of our 1908 combined cotton and wheat
It exceeds by four times tbe value
of all gold produced ln the world In
The ArmS of Desth.
On the arts ot life man invents nothing, but ln arts of death he outdoes
Nature herself, and produces by machinery all the slaughter of. plague,
pestilence and famine, ;•>.-,.'        ■ '
The peasant eats today and. drinks
what was eaten and drunk by the peasant of ten thousand years ago; and
the house he lives In has not yet altered! bo much ln a thousand centuries
as the fashion of a lady's'bonnet In a
score of weeks. But when he goes out
to slay he carries a marvel of mechanism that lets loose at the touch of his
finger all the bidden molecular energies, and leaves the Javelin, the blowpipe, of his fathers, far behind.
In the arts of peace man Ib a bungler. I have seen his cotton factories
and the like, with machinery that a
greedy dog could.have Invented If lt
had wanted money Instead of food.,
I know his clumsy typewriters and
bungling locomotives, tedious, bicycles
and autos; tbey are toys compared
with the Maxim gun and the submarine
torpedo boat
There is nothing ln man's Industrial
machinery but his greed and sloth;
his heart Ib in his weapons. This mar-
velous force ot Life of which you
bout la a force of Death; man measures bis strength by his destructive-
ness. Whst Is his religion! An excuse
tor hating me. What Is his law? An
excuse for hanging me. What Is his
morality! An excuse for consuming
without producing. What is hla art!
An excuse for gloating over pictures.
What are his politics! Eltber the
worship of a despot because a despot
can kill, or parllamentay cock-lighting.
—Man and Superman, Qeorge Bernard
Shaw. -■   .
T^ographical Union Secures Substantial Increase of Wages
from Publishers.
VERNON, B, C, Dec. 7.—The new
scale of Vernon Typographical Union,
which takes effect January 1st, has
so far met with' the approval of the
employers that agreements have been
signed for two years with Tbe Vernon
News, Tbe Armstrong Advertiser, Interior Publishing -Co. (Mall-Herald),
Revelstoke, and a new job office which
has been opened In, the latter place
to be known as "Tbe Argus." As yet
the offices of the lower Okanagan have
not been signed up, but It Is hoped
that contracts may be made with these
at an early date. This scale provides
for 84.50 per day of eight hours for
floor bands, and 85.00 for 7V6 hours
for machine operators, being an Increase ot 50c per day all round and a
reduction of half an hour for operators. Special attention was given to
the provisions for apprentices, for
whom a graduated scale extending
over the four-year term has been adopted; the advancement In training
outlined, and, Anally, that at the commencement of the third year the apprentice shall pay to the union 60c per
week for fifty weeks to cover cost of
I, T. U. course.
Ancll R. Hllller, monollne operator,
on the Mall-Herald, Revelstoke, has
drawn his caret and left to accept a
position on the Nanalmo Herald.
The typos of Vernon are busily en-
gaged ln the production of a 02-page
Christmas number, to be issued by
tbe Vernon News, snd containing special write-ups descriptive ot the entire • Okanagan Valley. This edition
will be profusely Illustrated, and printed on book paper, with cover design
In two colors. M. J. Collins, who de.
posited an Everett card, Is acting In
the role of "extra" on this work.
Labor conditions in Vernon during
the past summer were good owing to
the large expenditure by tbe city, on
sewer, water and cement sidewalk extensions, but as this work has been
mostly shut down, the indications are
that there will be a number ot men
on tbe "retired" list for the next few
months. Most of this work, however,
was done by contract, and largely by
outsiders. Carpenter work has been
plentiful, but tradesmen of that calling, owing probably to lack of organization, are yet working a nine-hour
day at a rate considerably below that
prevailing ln Revelstoke and Kamloops.
Since organization five years ago,
the typos have enjoyed the distinction
of- being the only union men in town,
but latterly this monopoly has been
broken by tbe arrival of a number of
stonecutters to work on the new court
house, while an electrical workers'
button Is to be Been occasionally worn
by members of the telephone staff.
Sheet Metal Workers.
Trade Is fairly good and most ot the
members working. Owing to the resignation of Bro. I. Jamleson, who Is
now located at Kent, Washington, all
communications for the Sheet Metal
Workers are to be addressed to Mr.
J. Colvllle, Labor Temple, who Is now
recording secretary.
Tllelayere and Helpers.
Trade prospects for the next few
months look fairly good and at the
time ot Writing the majority of our
members are fairly well employed. At
nnr last meeting a committee was appointed to make inquiries as to the
holding of a smoker some time.this
month and to report at next meeting.
Elevator Constructors, Local 26.
At our last meeting the attendance
was fair, and that Is about alb-We
again wish to remind the Elevator
Constructors ot Vanoouver and district that we meet every first and
third Mondays In the Labor Temple.
If there Is any man who takes a passing interest ln the affairs of the worker generally who does not know
where the Labor Temple is situated,
we are sorry for him. Trade Is fair
and nearly all members working.
Cement Workers.
Trade, Is quieting down somewhat,
with tie result that a few of our members are Idle. At our lost meeting we
decided to - Stay with the Federated
Building; Trades and do all in our
power to assist ln having a strong
central council for all trades lh the
building Industry In Vancouver. If
they are able to have a first-class
Building Trades Council In Los An-
gelee we fall to see any reason why
the Vancouver building trade unions
should fall down In thla respect
Marble Setters.
Local 92 of the International Union
of Marble Workers take this opportunity of contradicting the statement that
was made at tbe last meeting of the
Trades' and Labor Council that the
Marble Cutters were fighting the Marble Cutters' Helpers, who went on
strike for an increase ln wages. We
wish to state that we are with the
Helpers ln their fight for higher wages,
and that this opportunity to help ourselves,
Federated Building Trades,
Reports to the contrary, the Federated Building Trades Is going to
"make good." As long as there are
six unions In the building Industry
willing to form a central council, so
long will there be a central council
for building tradea only. To date the
unions that have agreed to stay with
It are the Shinglers, Cement Workers
and Local 138 ot the Brotherhood of
Painters. Which union will be next?
The answer Is, wait and see. But we
do not Intend to wait too long. The
Bricklayers and the Plasterers have
decided not to become part of the newly-organised counoll.
A. P. of L, and Industrialism.
The minority report on Industrial
Unionism as submitted In the A. F.
of L. convention at Rochester, New
York, and on which the delegates
Voted was as follows: "That where
practical one organization > should
have jurisdiction over an Industry, and
where In the judgment of a majority
of the men actually Involved It Is not
practical, then the commltteo recommends that they organize and federate
In a department and work together ln
such a manner as to protect, as far as
possible, the Interests of all connecting branches."
Fruit Ranching In ths Okanagan.
An ex-member of the Western Fed
eratlon of Miners, who Is now a fruit
rancher in the Okanagan valley, near
Vernon, Is a visitor In Vancouver this
week. He states that while they have
bad a heavy crop the cost of marketing their goods leaves them worse/)!!
than it they were working for wages
at the end of the year. So much is
this the case that a number of the
"ranchers" are now, along with their
teams, engaged on railway construction work, in an effort to secure sufficient money- to meet payments due on
their lend. "We are at the mercy of
the railways," said The Federationist
.visitor, "and lt seems as though'it is
Impossible to beat the wage game. As
The Fed. once said, we have steady
jobs, all right, all right But there's
nothing in lt but the "enjoyment of a
glorious climate."
Suit Special at$tS
We hold and can maintain by proof of service as welt u style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
Btore can-give, \
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with-special feature* that
we have marked to sell at 110.00, You will be surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lota of the popular, red browns In tweeds, other tweeds as well in grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them.
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
In any way.
The materials are tweeds In smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects ln
dark tone.    Every coat is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars.
Stoves ANDRanges
.  i . i i -    i i-
Mount Pleasant, headquarters for Carpenters' Topis ..      -
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies '      j»
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Tested and improved during manyjreiJji»;-:iii tlie.., world's greatest"
; skating ground*.Canada , -'■'..■ •;.: •    ■-.•: ■>■
Star Skatks, all that a skatoajt,te'.^M"^©.to.|6.00'' .
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75o to $8.00 I   -
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys, and alisses''' :vfcy,.
Hardware anfl Tools
O, A Splendid stook of the beBt in the world's, market .
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
7 Hastings Street West " .. Phone Seymour (M
YOUR w INT E R 'suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select iron
FRED PERRY Lapor TiimPle T*for
Coraer Homer ud Duusuiii Struts
$10 Makes First Payment
on 10-acre Farm i
We are offering tor sale a limited number of specially selected
10, 20 and 40 acre farms In'the Bella Cools district, suitable for
mixed farming, hog raising, poultry raising or fruit growing. Idsal
climate; mild winters; good soil; plenty of water; practically no
clearing; level, open land. Will be served by two railroads. Unlimited market. Good road and government telegraph line right
to the property. Price while they last $20 per acre, payable oh the
very easy terms of ti per acre cash, balance $1 per acre per month.
No interest. Send your name and address for further particulars to:
J. I. Eakin & Co.
.   418 Holden Building,
Vancouver, B. C.   ,
Addr as
Ask Your i
For     S*
as mvmi oo.
oa stbut
luon. S.ymoar 4401
Berry Bros.
Agents for ClevBlimd Cycles,
"Tho Sloyole with tf e BepnUtlon"
Full'line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
•ib MAivnroi «r.'■■.,......
i Phone Seymour 7808   ' •■-'■ •
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
_OUS ANti'l
Origin of Species, Darwin:... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine: 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll.... 20c
The People's Bookstore
112 Cordova W.
*&>   OF AMERICA    rOxT
Electric Household Applia-
—      in i IS..HMSMBSB. .      s—ss—ssls.^ II I BJISIBH !■■■■■■' ISI—lsi.—
nces make Appropriate Xmas Gilts
They Are Useful, Handsome, Inexpensive -
Electric Ranges
Coffee Percolators
Heating Discs
Immersion Boilers
Utility Outfits
Cnafing Dishes
Washing Machines
Warming Pads
Foot Warmers
Electric Irons
See These Appliances at Our Salesrooms !
Carrall and
Hastings Street
1138 Granville St.
near Davie
Scotch Wool Blankets
This Is a good line to become acquainted with, In fact lt Is the
best line that we know of at. the price. -All pure wool, full weight
and' positively free from any foreign substance. Come "and
Inspect these blankets and compare them with any that you have
seen. Hold them to the light. You can not buy better blankets
at the same prices—anywhere. . i
The highest grade of work combined with' the beat ot materials Is assured those who purchase this kind ot furniture here.
We make any style that you require, and our range of coverings
Is very extensive. Price, too,, is a desirable feature—Ihe lowest
consistent with quality. Let us figure on some of this furniture
for you.  We can please you.
(tartan Irpfcak, EforifeiY
575 Granville Street! .    Vaneoiioer, B. C. '-;"
Good quality in olothing as in
everything else is never oheap.
A dollar saved below a reasonable price, is more than likely,
" poor economy in the long run.
^Campbell's Clothing
is not the lowest priced, but it
has the absolutely honest value
of materials and workmanship
whioh makes the buying of it a
real economy.
23 Hastings Street East
The   Campbell Clothing Man
- An ipmcnce stock of Blankets, Pillows, Comforters, Beds, prices right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving during the patt few days.. The culmination of weeks of careful
effort, backed by our long experience.   It will pay you tb investigate,
watte Cotton TUM Qomforttrs,    Yorkshire trod Blankets, S Is*.
..-.;• WW ss-oo, mm, sj.oo       *a.7«
. atoUatwk » tout' Down hums,    Yorkshire Wool  Blankets, S Ike.
'    ...^_Z.Z...,. mm to \uM .  !  :.........-. ..-. tH.»e
ran Ils.co Wool Blankots. c to     YorS.hlr.   Wool   BUnksts, T ts*.
10 Ike. pair.   Ss.oo, sio.es       ~-. ™. SB.TS
.........     4«»rahtsea -Natkn fellows, pair, IMS to »M0
B»STnro» it. watt
Bstwssa S-kbott and Osmll.
Two-pieoe overall suits, speoially
suitable for boys taking a oourse
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
D^r. D.. C.:. «.u .:^*4on M- Made of Btout blaok denim,
Pfice Per SMlt, any Size |180 cut full and strongly put together.
SOMIJ Hastings
Street West
HoneSt and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank / Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
Artistic printing ia our occupation. If you are preparing
a. catalogue or booklet, circular or announcement or any
other matter designed to make your business increase, our
services will be of value to you.
Labor Temple, Entrance on Homer St.
To and Prom Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates.
City Ticket Agent
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia land
Splendid oppprtunitiei in Mixed Farming, Dairying
.    Stot^ and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two years: improvements lo ihe extent of $2.50
\, per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
' 3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
'•.--   OTSOCULI8T8
To the Provincial Executive Committee, S. P. of.C:
Comrades,— On my recent trip
through B. C, I, addressed 14 meetings
and: received from collections aa follows:
Michel  U 1 1.50
Fernle ..; 10.76
Nelson .
Rossland -. :.». ,	
Bpence's Bridge 	
Gibson's Landing	
Salmon Arm -	
Total -.. —.....—466.26
It was a rush trip. It would require at least 'six months to nil all the
dates that were requested. I found a
strong movement as tar aa knowledge
Is concerned, but a very weak one
from the standpoint ot organisation.
Our most crying need is tor organisers who will rustle np the careless
and apathetic and whip them into line
for elective and thorough, work ln the
upbuilding of an organized machine
for carrying on our political and economic warfare against the common enemy. Unless such organizers are provided, many Comrades get discouraged and lapse into utter uselessness as
factors In the conflict.
The Conservatives have about reached the senlth ot their power, and It
we make proper use ot our faculties
and numbers we can soon put them
on the toboggan; slide for oblivion.
Whenever there are five or more Comrades they should organise a Looal,
wnether they can hold regular meetings or' not, and. where there are not
enough'to organise, each should become a member at large. Thla would
assist organisers In arranging for
meetings whenever such organisers
are available.
Now that no further drain upon party funds will be necessary in order
to maintain a party paper, more money should be available for the purpose
of organisation work. One or more
should be kept constantly ln the Held
In each province. In many places local Comrades have had such limited
experience and have studied party affairs so little that they do not trouble
to flnd out how the organiser got the
funds to bring him tb them, or how he
is to pay hla keep while with them or
pay his fare to the next place where
he Is billed to speak. They think If
they give a couple of dollars to the organising fund they have done their
share. There are very few comrades
who give all they earn to the movement Those who give least expect
most from an organiser. I know
there are a few cases where organisers
have Imposed on Local comrades, but
there are many cases where the reverse ts the case. Where the com-
rades cannot pay the hotel, they
should take the organiser to stay with
some of them, If the meeting Is well
advertised and each comrade bring as
many as possible to It, and the collection Is taken In a prompt and fearless
way, the audience will pay the balance. Each comrade should Bell party
manifestos, and take a subs, for the
party paper each month. Then assist
the organiser to sell to those who
could not be Influenced by local comrades. If the Kootney comrades get
busy they can elect a comrade to Ottawa. Then we will have an organiser
at the expense of our masters. A few
comrades worry so much about what
they know, or assume they know, particularly the latter, about the weaknesses and mistakes of most every
comrade but themselves, petty, trilling
things even It true but they think ot
these things so much and tell them so
often, that they magnify and grow ln
Importance, thereby occupying time
and energy that ought to be put to
better purpose.
If each would take a six or twelve
months' trip organising and lecturing,
selling books, taking subs, and distributing papers and leaflets lt would be
better, for both themselves and the
foiifoBiA jfgoiiu-ttqttffig? _ r
twice as trsat estJie railway's, sbJ the
operators'more than three times as
~*tTVet he iasde n» moveTplnst
», the C. P. R. does net care
th. Alberts government In
factIt looks ss If the oBlclala,of that
coWratlonsit up nights thinking out
Sew wars in which to flaunt their superiority to all laws, yet the minister
leaves us with the Impression that he,
single handed: can wrest concessions'
from them, if he went after the operators he might hope to accomplish
something, but against the C. P. Tt—
A few days after hie speech ln Cal.
Kary. an expert cost accounan t and an
experienced investigator who is familiar
with the coal mines ln Alberta, wrote to
Mr. Marshall and offered his services
gratis for a terlod long enough to> cover
the tlSld, and with no strings to his offer If the'Alberta government would undertake an Inquiry Into the mining end
of the business. . ',      _     .
Mr. Marshall turned the offer down,
saying that he waa only Investigating
the freight rates. • <    ._%
That action Is similar to that of a
man who drops a handful of loose
change on the floor and then gets down
on his knees to hunt for a copper while
th. silver rolls «way.EDwiN gJ(ITH
Local Lethbrldge. ia busy these days.
Comrades Mushkat and Knlsrht have
been there handing out the right dope
and the Looal Is now getting on Its feet
again. At the election of officers, the
following were appointed: Secretary.
Sam Larson, 1411 3rd Ave. N.; financial
secretary, Annie Sherman: organiser, W.
Comrade Gustavo Herve was arrested
and thrown Into prison for attempting
to address a Socialist meeting In Rome.
He was to speak at a meeting held to
protest against the war In the Balkans.
He has since been -released and expelled
from Italy.
China haa elected twenty Soclallata to
the new parliament
The Socialists of Norway have captured alx more aeats In the Storthing.
They now hold twenty-three, a gain of
twelve thla year.
Seventeen sailors of the Russian navy
have been condemned to death and 106
sentenced to long terms of: Imprisonment for participating In the repent na.
val mutiny. Workers in St. Petersburg
are conducting a protest strike.
Local MarkervUWNo. '1:
Per John Nelson - 11.10
Per H. H. Merrytleld..-    .86
Local Enderby .: ..  1.60
Local Nelson ■ ■'. 6.75
A would-be smart editor jay's: ,"1818
will appeal to the wage-earner, as It has
SS pay days." How many, of you receive even to pays lh one year?
A hill has been Introduced Into the
Dominion House of Commons.to prohibit
any person from defacing tbe beautiful
Union Jack. It also provides a severe
penalty for any; indignities that may be
offered to the flag. We will soon be com.
polled by law to be patriotic;
Sir Wilfrid Laurier stated in the
House of Commons that "Providence
provided good crops.   Providence Is the
ily power upon which tbo farmers of
e west can rely *~ *•- >-.<-- -«
s (?) crop."   Mir.     ..
Providence do a little more of your work
'eVtcan'rfiy for the marketing of
.Parmer, why not let
albuta MTaMnanrri wim—.
■■ When tbe Hon. Duncan Marshall, Minister of Agriculture for Alborta, was attending the convention of the U. P. A. at
Calgary, January, 1911, he addressed the
gathering and told them a lot about
what the government has done, was doing, and what -they were trying to do
for the farmers. He laid great stress
upon the hardships of the farmers, and
as an Instance spoke of the high price
of coal, and told them that his department was making an investigation Into
the transportation with' an eye to having a reduction made. He said that two
men whom he believed to be tbe best
qualified In America, were working on
the matter, and he hoped to have some-
"ilng to announce before long.
He gave the Impression that tbe farm
ers were overcharged by reason of the
high freight rates from the mines to tho
point of consumption, and that as soon
aa his agents had secured proof of this
that he would bring pressure to bear
upon the railway company to have the
rates lowered.
This looks to us Uke a bluff pure and
simple. In the flrat place he waa going
after the least important of all the overcharges. In the second place he would
not be able to accomplish anything even
If. he did mean business.   In the third
?lace he refused an offer to Investigate
he real troublo when he had the opportunity to do so without any expense or
effort on the part of the department.
To take up the flrst of these. Below
we give a list of the Items that go to
make up the price of a ton of coal ln
.. a.io.
Actual cost .,
Operators' profit	
Actual cost of haul	
Railway company's profit	
Local aTawfll'ng
Unloading cars  $0.25
Delivery     .50
Retailer's proflt 1.80
..   .64.
Total   n	
There la one Item In this list that requires explanation—that of freight. Tho
gross earnings of the C. P. R. last year
were 1123,000,000, and the working expenses were about 180,000,000, leaving
the net profit of operation of 113,000,000.
The working expenses therefore amounted to 63 6-10 per cent of tbe gross earnings. The freight on coal from Lethbrldge to Calgary Is 11.80 per ton: 63.6
per cent, of 61.80 Is 11.16. Of this we
simply took the average for the whole
system and applied it to a single Item.
This may be Incorrect, but as lt Is doubtful If any living man can figure out the
exact amount, this will do as well as
Suppose the C. P. R. should decide to
be.guided by hla recommendations, the
advantage gained would be very slight
No: official could demand that rates be
lowered to an extent that would bring
dividends to less than six per cent To
bring the C. P. R. dividends down to
that would mean a drop of 1714 per cent
all round, Therefore we may assume
that a reduotlon of 17 Va per cent, ln the
freight charge Is all that the minister
could hope to obtain. This would amount to a slvlng of 321s cents per ton
on the freight to Calgary.
It looks to us like poor policy to go
gunning after a reduction that will ho
? alned with difficulty. If at all, when
here Is an overcharge of 62,10 right at
hand and under the jurisdiction of the
Alberta taws.
From the figures given above we see
that the
Operators' profit la 80 per cent, of the
total cost;
Retailer's proflt is 1TK per cent of the
total cost;
Railway company's proflt is tl.T pes
Cant of .the total cost
Tha ratalltr'a profit Is. a burden nearly
Instead of trotting behind the plow fourteen hours a day? Why do you mortgage the farm when Providence can help
you out? Why, O why, Mr. Farmer,
don't you' appeal to Providence to put
clothes and boots on. your wife and
children? Providence will do all this,
The Socialist Party ot Canada ia not
to be blamed for the actions of a Local
or a few Individuals. Slurs have been
cast on the miners of B. C, but we and
a good many other Comrades realise that
tho miners are the most Intelligent and
enthusiastic Socialists In B. C. We do
not apologise for the action of Local
No. 1, because the damage Is done and
no apology can undo it
Five mining and smelting companies
In the Kootenay and Boundary districts
hsve declared dividends for the year to
the amount of 81,032,512. This and a
whole lot more Is ihe surplus value produced by the miners of that district ana
workers In general. .It means more
goose for the masters and less sowbelly for the slaves, ■
ISIS VMVtaelal Bseentive.
At a convention called" by the Provincial Executive Committee in the Labor Temple, Sunday, Deo. 8th, the following delegates were elected on the
committee for Itl3: H. Rahlm, "vVVCas-
sldr, 3. Reld, J. H. Burrough, W, A.
Prltchard, A. Connors and A. Karme.
This committee also acts as a Dominion Executive.
Workers of Canada, workers every,
where, unite under the red banner of
revolt. The bulwarks of capitalism
must crumble before us. As property
In human beings was the flrst step towards the realization ot capitalist own
erehlp, so an awakening of the worker
to a realisation that the sale of his
labor-power to a master and with II
■ ellnqulshlng the right to the product
of his toll, must necessarily end In the
overthrow of capitalist ownership.
capital means untold wealth for the
owners, but unspeakable poverty for
the workers. It means that a few
shall be surfeited with luxury, while
the many must go hungry and cold.
At the nod of the masters, kings and
rulers send forth their armies, recruited from the ranks of laborers,
to slay their brother workers with
whom they have no quarrel. From
the billions wrung from the life-blood
of the toilers, battleships, arsenals,
and armies are maintained, to force
weaker nations to buy tbe wealth created by the workers who suffer tor the
need of lt. Nor do the capitalist class
hesitate In using these armies to mow
down the workerB whenever they flnd
It In their Interest to do so,
Competition among the workers
means that the hungriest man will
work the cheapest and the Industrial
reserve army supplies plenty of hungry men. Hungry men have learned
the art of living cheaply, and are an
Irresistible force for battering down
.wages. A woman can live cheaper
than a man, so capitalism replaces
every man possible with a woman, but
children live more cheaply than man
or woman, and hence both are displaced by children.
A machine Is capitalism's Ideal. It
does not eat, drink, sleep, organize or
go on strike snd never asked tor higher wages, but every pulse of Its whirl-
Ing wheels means that the wage scale
Is being slowly forced downward, and
this must continue as long as capitalism lasts.
Every worker would be a socialist
If he understood what socialism means
to him. The awakening of the stupid-
ity ot the workers and breaking the
band of capitalist dominance Is the
task which lies before ub.
Just as the pulpits were a tool In the
hands of the slave master, so they are
being used today to cover up the real
Issue, the economic freedom of the
workers. Their message to the worker is a slave economy and not ln keeping with the need of our day. No
matter how frightful the consequences
of the laborers' Ignorance, no matter
It Insane asylums, Jails and penitentiaries be filled with their class, the
clergy persist in proclaiming their favorite benediction: "Well done, thou
good and faithful servant"; "Blessed
be the tie that binds," and respectable
society chimes a fervent "Amen!"
Their phraseology has become meaningless to the worker.
The paramount Issue today Is socialism vs, capitalism, and this Issue
will remain paramount until capitalism
Is abolished. Those who have seen the
light should proclaim aloud the new
gospel—they should carry to their coworkers the light of socialist teachings.
The movement ts worthy our enthusiasm and seal, for It presents to tbe
world the only solution to the problems
that confront modern society.   H.M.
Whew "Hrtto" CHrls ve Orguiig-
ed Better lervfce ttnd Oon-
dttitni Ob-tain.
Of all employments for girls there
Is none wblch, weighs quite so hard
on their strength and nerves as tbe
telephone service. What Is known
among telephone .workers ss excess
leading means putting upon them an
extra large number of calls per hour.
The experts of the companies consider
that 186 calls her hour are as many
as can be handled without Injuring
the service to the public.
"It Is safe to say that the breaking point of the operators' health
Is not far from tbe breaking point
ot efficient service."    . -
A pitiable figure Is drawn of tbe
girl who must be all alert and all attention; ■«■'*■,-';
"It mut not be forgotten that
with eaoh signal there Is not only
the flashing of • small light in
tbe operator's eyes, but tbere Is a
ollcklng sound ln her ears through
the receivers fastened to her head.
So when the Impatient subscriber,
angry because hla call has .not
been answered, moves the receiver ■
hook of his 'phone up and down
rapidly, he flashes the signal In
front of the operator and produces '
a click ln her ears every time the
hook goes up snd down.  The consciousness of numbers of people
waiting for*, call connections she
is unable te make, and that each  ;
one Is growing more Impatient
each second; that a supervisor Is.
standing behind her either hurrying her or calling her numbers to
be taken by other operators; that  '
a monitor may plug ln and criticise her any moment—these, with
the height of up-reach and length  :
ot side-reach, go to form elements  ;
of strain on the operator who la  j
Notwithstanding this there Is a great
deal of "overloading." The October
number of "Life and Labor" gives a
table of cities where calls exceeds 126
per hour.
And the girls are kept on the grill because they have not united.
Experts tell us this gives poor service to the public and at the same
time breaks down the constitutions of
tbe girls.
It makes "handsome profits" for the
Even Polloemen Rebel.
At Edmonton, Alta., civic policemen
are compelled to work 12 hours s day,
for very low wages.  As a result they
are quitting In squads.
McBride's "White B. C,"
Sandon Miners' Union Is protesting
against the Introduction ot Chinese labor Into the Slocan mining district,
hitherto a portion of a "White B. C."
Calgary Labor Temple.
Pending the sale of shares and the
construction of their proposed Labor
Temple, Calgary unionists are building a temporary hall, which will be
ready for the accommodation of local
unions by the New Year.
Calgary's Unemployed.
Calgary city has expended In wages
some $1,600,000 In public works during
tbe psst year. The working force has
been reduced to 600, throwing more
than one-half of the municipal crews
out of employment
Organising Ontario Forces,
A meeting of the shareholders of
the Labor Educational Publishers,
Limited, Toronto, publishers of the
Industrial Banner, was held on Dec.
14, to elect a board of directors, appoint auditors, adopt by-laws and
transact other necessary business of
the company,
B. C. F. of L. Convention "Call."
Sec.-Treas. Mldgley haf* sent out
during the week the official "call" for
the third annual convention ot the B.
C. Federation ot Labor, to convene
at Victoria on Monday, Jan. 13. Replies to date Indicate a banner meet
and a record attendance of delegates
from ail parts of the province.
Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers
The last meeting of Vancouver Local 138 of the Brotherhood ot Paint-
ers was remarkable for the number
of men that were Initiated, there being six Initiations. This has never
occurred In the history of .the Vancouver Painters' union at this time
of year, and Is a tribute to the effective
work of Business Agent W. J. Nagle,
more commonly known as "Bill." The
question of supporting the Federated Building Trades came up for
discussion and the decision of tbe
meeting was that Local 138 of tbe
Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators
and Paperhangers of America stay
with anything tn the shape of a central council ot building trades to the
last ditch and then some.
The Porcupine Strike.
A reign of lawlessness on the part
rf the mine owners and their henchmen prevails In the Porcupine mining
district. Professional gunmen and
strike-breakers aro walking the
streets unmolested. Tho companies,
with the consent of (ho authorities,
have put up a wire fence about their
property and charged lt with electricity ot a murderous voltage. This
practice Is even contrary to laws ot International warfare, That the mine
owners have' no regard for law and
will do their dirtiest to continue their
brutal exploitation Is evident from the
manner In which they turned down
the decision of the federal board of
arbitration In labor disputes, which
reported In favor of the strikers. The
decision of the board was defied by
the companies.
The clgarmakers ln the Kurtz Pioneer factory evidently do not believe
ln race suicide. Oeo. Miller bas a
little suffragette now in his home,
and K. Everett has added another Red
to the number, while Mylcs Nugent
boasts of three of a kind and all voters. This is a pretty good record for
Local 367 gave $25 to tho striking
coal miners out of the $100 they made
at the eighth masquerade ball.
Christmas time Is here and many
presents of cigars will be made by
unionists to their friends. As a gentle reminder: If you ahould feci prosperous enough to give your friend a
.jox be sure and see that tbe blue label
decorates the exterior of the package.
If you should order a hamper from any
of the wholesale liquor stores stipulate
that the cigars are Vancouver made.
Most of the cigars sold ln those hamper lots are non-union cigars. Our
membership Is Increasing slowly but
surely. If you Insist on the Xmas
trade being unton made we will reach
the century mark In a short time.
R. J. O.
■ mmmmmmmmmmmm^limmlmm
We have a very large stack el flsorge WosUnbolm IXL'CaJylasT sWtaasst;!'!!
Table Cutlery which we aro Belling at big dlacoonla for sarty Chrtst-"trT
buying^  Buy your Carving Beta, or Cutlery new whrie.tharibclfts
We CnM ssjulBl ssslasslsas ea
Bosses ItsT Wvamrsn -
Tea Spoons, reg. $8.80, dos $2.85
Dessert Spoons, dos....,.-'. 4.86
. Table Spoons, r»,
Dessert Knives, I™,..
Table Knives; regy It.
We stock thiiTii O
«■ v. dos™. Cm
b™« MM*.** Oriental and
Plain Tipped Daturas
Always Have Great Bargains.!!. Hardware Dept
-MUsts- surdwan
Sash Locks, reg. 10c, now.- 6
Drawer Pulls, reg. too, now • 5
Drawer Handles, reg. 10c, now.... 8
Cupboard Catches, reg. 10c, now., i
Cupboard Tunis, brass or copper, 28a, now—.>.   10'
Caiement   Adjustora,   brass   or
.. copper, reg. 60c, each 30
Casement Fastners. reg. 26c, ea..l6
Old Copper and Dull Brass Plated  Mortise  Looks,   reg.  60c
for 46
Old Copper and Dull Brass Plated Easy Spring Mortise Locks
with 1-plece knob, reg. $1 for..65
Rim Looks, reg. 40c, now., ......80
IXL Dessert Knives, dos 82.16
IXL Table Knives, rag. $1.18,
dos. :...™..Z..J*T.™-_., US
IXL Best Dessert Knives, reg.
$5.60, dos: : JTT..™_ 4.26
IXL Beat, Table Knives, dos... 4.46
Cobalt Silver Tea Spoon
"" ""rdos....
Small, reg. $1.00, dox ._..   .11
Medium, rag. 11.28, dos.    .71
Large, reg. 11. 10. dos. 4   .IS
These wlllwear for rears
Silver Plated Dessert Kalves
reg. $2.16 dos. for........._.„...„$l.«| i
Sliver Plated TaWe Kalvsa^ .   -'
dos.  „  4 ZL i,||
Silver Plated Nut Crackers aad
6 Picks incase, .™_..1 1.88
Silver plated .. .06
Nlckle Mated...-  ........   is
NlckUd   _™ 46
Shoaa for Sstrrte*
8 host* tor Drama
Shoos for Coasters)
Shoos for stworr Koctutrosmo*
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes; • We're at the, ratd-vios
of every man who desires the best shoes his money can bttjr.
WT    n P P   204 MAIN STREET
• ■/•    W  IV  sfV QH.cotedieCilrHa
Namod Shoos Aro rracguontl-r
Mawjo tn Won-Unlow Toctorloo
no mstter what its name, unless it bears •
plain and readable Impression ef tbls Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot (ft Shoo VTorKors' Unless
246 Summer Street, Boston, Msss.  ,
J. F. Tobln, Pres.    C. L. Bains, sec-Tress.
Honest Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
VV   \J \J t\j   Union SUmp
Get Your Money's Worth
nC**,,   VA
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
The Beer Without
The Vancouver BMeries
jiai a,— PAGE POUR
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Whale Braird
"Site,   Strength,    Endurance"
Tliey are beyond question a
brand of overalls that "speak lor
themselves." The expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a solid and
worthy reputation ONLY for the
The pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are made to suit
your "POCKETS."
TOB ■*» AT TOim CLOTatnB
as water. It,    Taaeoavw, B. a
An Easy Crop.
The easiest thing grown on a farm
Ib a mortgage. It grows on poor soil
better than on good. A bad* season
never retards the growth. You don't
have to pole It like string heans, nor
tence lt ln, tor there Is always a fellow
standing around ready to hold It for
The Socialists propose that the farmer keep the social value of the crop
and divide the work with the capitalist It Is unlawful for an unemployed
working man without other visible
means of support than hla legs to
stop for any length ot time. If he
would be a law abiding citizen he
must walk and starve. The flrst problem which the farmer tried to solve
was how to get rich. The next waa
how to get even, and the last and
present one Is how to turn a pumpkin
Into a pair of overalls. Just a matter
ot distribution, you know.—The Icono-
Stoves and Nice Warm -
lor the cool weather at
897 Oranvllle Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
We can furnish [w<»'i you i«
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3867
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy a union-made
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner^Hastings and
Largest Canadian Retailers of
82.00 Hats     <
It you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
349 Heatings W.   610 Oranvllle
«1> Hastlnge W.
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
Imperial Wine
64 Coedova Street West
Phone Set. 955
Direct Importers of
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
Hardware and Furniture
Carpenters' Tools Our Specially
Bargain aale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prices that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
•J When you buy your suits
(rom us you are doing to. We
employ union workmen only.
4J In dealing with us you sre
helping yourself in another way,
became you are assured oi the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
The Cmiifberlend Strike.
Editor B. C. Federation Ut:—If I'm allowed I would like to say a few words
through your paper concerning the attitude of and the statements made by
Bennet of Local No. 1 of the S. P. of C.
In saying that the present struggle in
Cumberland Is no part of the class struggle, lie does not teacn us anything, for
it is generally understood here by the
men on strike that It is a struggle between the buyers' and sellers of a particular commodity, viz., labor power;
therefore we realize It as a commodity
struggle, and It is treated as such. But
is that any reason why he should object
tb the representatives of the striking
miners sharing the hall with them?
Does that justify him saying the miners ought to be clubbed good and hard,
and many of them? Is that why he questions the numbers and the intelligence
of the Socialist Local here? Just be-
cauie it is a commodity struggle. It
so happens that every member of the
Socialist Local here are peddlers of that
commodity, over which the present
struggle is being waged, and such being the case, we believe in the amalgamation of all the sellers of that commodity, not only to keep up its price,
but to protect ourselves against the
cupidity and a vurf piousness of the mine
owners. To refuse to amalgamate and
fight, would mean to accent whatevei
term**; the mine owners wished to mete
out to us; and what are the terms which
they suggested, and which we reluctantly accepted, prior to the advent of the
U. M. W. of A.? It was this: You miners shall work six days per week. You
must not ask how much per yard, or
ton, you are to receive. We know what
Is good for you, and we will give you
what we think fit. If you know of any
violations of the law, on the part of the
company, you must keep your yap closed
or you will lose your job. If you get
Injured, or lose a limb while ln the company's employ, or If you get killed, we
will pay compensation, providing we are
made to do so. You must appoint men
from amongst yourselves to examine
the mines. If any gas 1b discovered, you
must report all places clear, or we will
put you on the blacklist. It makes no
difference how many explosions take
place. It makes no difference how many
of you are killed. It makes no difference
how many widows and orphans are created, that don't concern us, and we can
get lots of men to take your places. But
if you should find gas, and you report all
clear, and an explosion occurs, then we
are not responsible, but you, and we
will take care of you ln the penitentiary.
Such wore the conditions in Cumberland when the miners began to organise,
and while many of us recognized the
clais struggle, and the necessity for
political action, to form a political organization was utterly Impossible. If
there had been a bunch of such as Ben-
net here, I have no doubt they could
have organised, for the company would
have no cause to object to such a bunch
of meekllngs. But there happened to be
many men here with intelligence, principle and courage, who have been carrying on a silent propaganda for a few
years, and this action has been affective.
No sooner had the miners got organised
industrially than they organized politically, and this struggle on the part of
the mine owners Is just as much to oust
the Socialist element a<« to defeat the
demands of the U. M, W. of A, Listen
to the words of our mayor, who Is In
touch with McBride throughout this
"whatever chance the miners had of
winning before, since they started to
fly the red flag there Is no hope for them
at all. The company and the government can stand anything but that,"
It Is hardly necessary to state the
cause of the present picnic that the
miners are now enjoying. One of our
fellows was appointed on a gaa committee, gave a correct report, and having found gas in the mine, he wu (tn
an under-handed way) sacked and put on
the blacklist. The men said: We are
organised now and we will not stand
for it. We will fight. And the fight is
on, and Bennet, the would-be Messiah,
ays, "Club them on the head good and
hard, and many of them"—and ne a Socialist! You wage plugs of Vancouver,
don't forget to vote for Bennet at the
next election, so that If tt happens that
the injustice of your matter causes you
to strike, he, Bennet, will have the opportunity of dealing you out a dose of
what he prescribes for your fellow
--laves, who are now struggling, not to
abolish slavery, but to reduce the burden a little, that they may be better
fitted for the final struggle, the abolition
of the wages.system. Bennet questions
whether there, are more than etghteeu
or twenty members tn Cumberland Local of the S. P. of C. For information,
there are 96. He also questions whether
we are Socialists at all or not. Well, If
Bennet Is a Socialist, then he speaks
the truth—we are not. He also says
there are men in Local No. 1 that can
explain the situation better than the representatives of the miners. We don't
doubt that, but judging by his remarks
we are satisfied that Bennet can't. Bennet Bays the miners here have been taking direct action, and as a consequence
the government hustled mounted police
to the scene. I don't know Just what he
means by direct action, since there are
so many different versions of lt; but I
suggest he means that we have been
violating the law. But such Is not the
case.   It is not that.we wouldn't; it la
not that we have any respect for the
law; but because we realise the folly
of It while they, the company, control
the political powers. Our friend Bennet couldn't have got such Information
from the labor press; , therefore, we
come to the conclusion that he must
have received it from (so far as -our
present struggle Is concerned) where he
ftronerly belongs—the enemies of organ-
zed labor.
Cumberland, V. I., Dec. 4, 1912.
LOCAL jTO. 1, S. V. OT 0. AMD T*»
Editor B. C. Federationist: At a regular business meeting of Local No. 1.
S. P. of C, the undersigned was Instructed to write you as follows, with a request to give same a prominent place on
the front page of your paper:
After the general routine business of
this local was disposed of on December
3rd, a member from tho United Mine
Workers, on motion, was granted the
floor. In the few minutes that he spoke
he made a request for this local to let
his .organisation have the Empres Theatre for one night to give the general
public some Insight Into the real happenings in the strike zone at Cumberland,
His second proposal was to hold a
Joint meeting In the Empress Theatre for
the same purpose.
It was then regularly moved and seconded that we concur ln his second suggestion, with a speaker from this local
to close the discussion.
After considerable discussion this motion was defeated 12 to 16, Now, since
there was no amendment to this motion
ami certainly not one constituting a
negative, you will see that this report
differs greatly from the one Inserted In
your columns last week. Ab regards
the statements made at that meeting and
alleged to have come from Com. Bennett, they are, together with the other
remarks, merelv a series of slander, Inserted and designed for the purpose of
doing personal injury to the Individual,
and have about as much bearing on the
truth as the other part of the. report
already disposed of.
I may add that Com. Bennett, designated as a non-union barber In the latter part of thaf report, while he was
working at his trade, held a paid-up card
In his union, and since he has given up
that particular line of work, nobody not
altogether Insane would expect him to
still stay  with  the  union.
Regarding the general remarks which
have a bearing on economics, relative to
"The Class Struggle" and "The Commodity Struggle," the fact that the
workers strike for a rolso In price of
their commodltv, has about as much relation to the cia«s strucgle as the Alberta farmers holding their wheat for
91.00 n bushel.
To sum up: The report referred to
and printed ln a very prominent place
tn your paper is simply a tissue of lies
and stupid Ignorance, and not being In
th** form of a communication, does not
reflect the Intelligence which one may
reasonably expect from the management
of a paper that Is supposed to voice the
Interests of tho workers,
Hon,re thai you wilt: pee fit to give
this lotter as much opportunity of circulation as the report which Is the subject of It.   I remain,
Yours tn revolt,
Vancouver, Dec. 10.
The fact still remains that Local No. 1
DID refuse to give ithe locked-out
miners' representatives leave to speak
at the Empress Theatre. So far as The
Federatlonist is concerned, the incident
Is now closed and. there will be no further rag-chewing permitted ln Its columns.—Editor B. c. Federatlonist.
(tail tot Ocnwntlor.
To all Organized Labor ln British Colum
bla, Greeting— „ ,
Pursuant to the constitution, a call Is
hereby, Issued for the Third Annual Convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
to convene In Forrester's Hall, Victoria,
at 10 am., Monday, January 13, 1913.
Each organization affiliated with the
Federation shall be entitled to representation on the following basis:—
Each labor union shall be entitled to
two delegates for the flrst hundred members or less, and one delegate for each
additional hundred members or major
fraction thereof.
Central Labor Bodies, District Boards,
Building Trades Councils, Allied Councils and similar bodies shall be entitled
to two delegates each. Dstsfatss (rom
Omtral Boats* mast bs msmbtrs of
Unions sSUUtsd with tho wasnrtfcra.
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall receive their credentials from their local unions in duplicate
and send one copy to the Secretary of
the Federation at least two weeks previous to the date of the Convention and
deliver the other to the Committee on
No credential Bhall be considered valid
bearing more than name of delegate and
alternate. Provided that If alternate
presents credentials and is seated he
shall be the only recognized representative throughout the sessions of the Convention.
Any Union or Central Body that has
not been previously affiliated may become affiliated by paying six months'
dues for the term they make application.
The revenue of the Federation shall
be derived aa follows: A per capita tax
of two cents per member per month from
all local Unions; from Central Bodies,
District Boards, Building Trades Councils, Allied TradeB Councils and similar
bodies, One Dollar per month. All moneys shall be payable ln advance to the
Secretary of the Federation ln two half-
J early instalments due and payable in
une and December of each year.
The Executive Board will meet prior
to the date of Convention for the purpose of preparing reports, appointing
committees, etc. Tou should therefore
elect your delegates at once, as affiliated organizations who leave the selection
Of delegates to the last moment have
very little chance of representation on
the committees,
If your organisation ls-not yet affiliated, you may become affiliated, and entitled to representation at the Convention by .paying per capita tax for the
January to June 1918 term, at the rate
of. 2c per member per month.
jlotsl Acoommodation
Hotel Canada, II per day and up.
Hotel King Edward, 11.50 per day and
. Hotel Westholm, $2 per day and up. .
Hotel Prince Qeorge, $1 per day and
up. ,
The headquarters of the Executive
Board will be at the Prince George Hotel.
Many matters of vital Importance to
the future welfare of the working class
of the province will be brought before
the Convention for discussion and action
and It.Is necessary therefore that every
Union entitled to representation shall
send Its full number of delegates and
ba represented by its most earnest and
experienced workera ln the Labor Movement
Tours faithfully, i
Vancouver, B. G. Dec. 6, 1912
ni Bmirisvjg ooLirania, 	
nssmanoa or -lamb
Elsewhere In this Issue will be found
a copy ot the "call" for the third annual
convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor. Any union In the province that has not received ftonventton
call, credential forms, etc, may obtain
same on application to Secretary-Treasurer Victor R. Mldgley, Box 1044, Vancouver, B. C.
The following Is a list of the unions
who. have contributed to the strike fund
of District 28, United Mine Workers of
Laborers , Protective Union of Vic-   	
torla 125.00
Marble getters' Helpers, Vancouver 10.00
Quarry Workers, Nelson Island  10.00
Lathers Union 382, Victoria    MS
Longshoremens' Union, Victoria  26.00
Diet Council, U.B. of C. Vancouver   6.00
Machinists Union, Victoria.  10.00
Teamsters Union, Fernle  20.00
Painters Union, Vancouver  10.00
Lathers Union 20, Vancouver 10.00
Tile Layers 6 Helpers, Vancouver.. 10.00
Brotherhood Cptr;., 8. Vancouver..   6.00
Suarry Workers 183. Granite Island 20.00
t. Ry. Employees, N. Westm 100.00
Plasterers union, Vancouver  10.00
Ry. Helpers Union 12776, Rev'st'ke 25.00
Mwltlme Bldrs. Fed. No. 4, Vic..., 10.00
Plumbers, New Westminster............   2.00
Amalgamated Carpenters. Victoria.. 26.00
United Brotherhood of Carpenters,
Vancouver 25.00
Sheet Metal Workers, Vancouver... 10.00
Brloklayers, Vancouver  26.00
Cigar Makers, Vanoouver „. 26.00
Typographical Union, Vernon, B.C..   5.00
Blacksmiths No, 407, Revelstoke    6.00
Photo Engravers' Union, Vanoouver 10.00
Total to date ... 1442.00
The folowlng Is a list of Unions that
have affiliated with the Federation since
January 1st, 1912:
Waiters' Union, Vancouver; Waitresses' Union, Vancouver; Cigar Makers',
Vanoouver: Cooks' Union, Vancouver:
Lathers' Union No. 382, Victoria; United
Mine workers, Ladysmlth; Federal
Union, New Westminster; District No. 6,
Western Federation of Miners (entire
B, C. membership); United Mine Workers No, 872, South Wellington; Gloss
Workers' Union No. 40, Vancouver;
United Mine Workers, No. 2299, Cumberland; Sheet Metal Workers No. 134, Victoria; Stone Cutters' Union, Vancouver;
Bar Tenders' Union, Vancouver; Bar
Tenders' Union, Victoria; Machinists'
Union, Revelstoke; Moving Picture operators, Vancouver; Upholsterers' Union,
Vancouver; Blacksmiths ft Helpers, No.
407, Revelstoke; United Mine Workers,
No. 2165, Nanalmo; Amalgamated Society of Carpenters, New Westminsters;
United Mine Workers,. Fernle, Hosmer,
Michel and Corbln: United Brotherhood
of Carpenters, Prince Rupert.
tuteaotat the Striking mens   '**"
Cumberland, B.C., Dec, 8, 1912.
Following Is a resolution, passed by
Local 2299, Cumberland, on Sunday:
Whereas, It has become known to us
that In times of strikes there have been
parties using the name of this and other
organisations without sanction and for
their own personal gain, and
Whereas, Different parties have used
the name of this organization and have
secured aid, funds, merchandise, etc., by
Therefore, Be It Resolved, that no one
bo allowed to solicit for aid, funds, or
merchandise without proper credentials
Issued, by the officers of these Locals,
with seals of such locals attached.
And be lt further resolved, for the protection of merchants ond other sympathisers and the protection of the good
name of the striking miners of Cumberland and Ladysmlth, that a copy be sent
to The B. C. Federatlonist, U. it. W. of
A. Journal and Fernie Ledger for publication.
J. NATLAR, President,
J. Smith, Rec. Sec.
osronsa »opaoajtba.
I am sending a copy of the Chinese
magaslne. The Self Conscience, published Tn Vancouver In favor of the Social*
1st and Industrial movement. The magazine is gaining favor very rapidly, now
having a circulation of 5,000. The Chinese are awakening to the call of Freedom. They recently celebrated the flrst
anniversary of the overthrow of the
The writer had the honor of being Invited to their public tea, ln which over
two hundred guests took part. Revolutionary decorations were used and several speeches made that would do the
heart of Gene or Bill much good.
Saturday night, October 26th, Is the
night arranged for them to meet ln the
I. W. W, hall and take up the matter of
uniting their forces with their fellow
workers of this city.
The photo, reading from left to right,
is Master Gow, age 2%, who very 1m-
Eortantly announces that he Intends to
e one of the company when he grows
up.    The next Is Walter Lee.  a very
?remising high school boy, who never
Ires of agitation among his fellow
schoolmates. Mr. Georgia Fong, the Interpreter for The Toung China Association, comes next, followed by Paul Taun,
secretary of the movement, and -Arthur
Wann, the editor of the new Chinese
Comrade Wann won great admiration
during the free speech light last spring
In this city, when he fearlessly took the
box In the vast sea of humanity'on the
Powell Street grounds and defiantly delivered a most revolutionary address. In
the teeth of the police.   Certainly China
There Is very little ot public Interest
In city ball circles this week. It Is one
ot tbe easy weeks ot the month when
the committees are not particularly
prominent and when officials are left
alone to carry out their duties properly and in tbe Interests of the city.
One peculiar piece of business Ib the
easing up of Mayor "Flndlay. Now
that the sweet, dreamless sleep of political extinction Is overtaking his
mayoral dignity proud James doss not
care a continental what happens.
Hla unsuccessful tenure ot office,
marked throughout by high incompetence, Is about to end ln a blaze of Ignominy and Vancouverltes will not be
sorry to see him go. His double game
over one particular and unsavory subject has caused bim to be looked upon
with contempt by friend and foe alike,
and It is rather a pity that tbe story
of his doings as mayor and police commissioner cannot be expunged from
the civic records.
Alas, that cannot be; but James may
lay tbe flattering unction to his soul
that he will not be greatly missed.
There are candidates and rumors of
candidates for many public offices, but
up to the present time there Is only
one definitely ln the field for the
One of the. most Important bylaws
that will come before the electors ln
January is that for $166,000 for the
Vancouver Exhibition Association and
Ib well worthy of -the keenest support,
for the annual exhibitions are a huge
boost for the city. It haB Some $300,000
assets In the way of permanent Improvements at Hastings Park and but
$5,000 liabilities, a record not equalled
by any other Exhibition Association on
the American continent. It belongs to
the people and is managed by tha people, and should have the support of
every working man ln the city.. It is ot
Immense educational utility, too, ud
there la a movement on foot to bring
the test pupil from every school In
British Columbia to see tbe annual ex.
hlbltlon. He will be taught everything
the exhibits have to teach and he will
be asked to write, on his return home,
sn essay on the matters that have
come to his knowledge for the benefit
bt bis fellow pupils.
Pocket-book Patriots.
Nelson merchants are alarmed over
the amount of money which Is being
sent "out of the country" through the
mails bound tor the British Isles.
Logical Evolution,
The Reds of Washington State have
compelled all brands of the old par
ties to fuss to beat them In the recent municipal election.
Municipal Labor Candidate.
Alex, Ross, an active member of Calgary Trades and Labor Counoll, Is a
candidate for municipal office ln the
Foothills City, with promising chances
of election.
Post Office Surplus of $3,000,000.
The post office department of the
federal government has declared a sur.
plus of three million tor the fiscal year
Just closed. Every cent of lt was taken
out of the pockets of the letter carriers
and other underpaid clerks of the department. Ths "showing" Is no credit
to Canada:   .
Labor Temple Co. Annual Meeting.
The second annual shareholders'
meeting of the Vancouver Labor Temple CO., Ltd., took place ln Labor Temple on Friday evening-last, with 67,-
514 shares represented. The manager's report, aa published ln The Federatlonist two weeks ago, was read
and received, with unanimous approval. Anyone Interested can secure a
copy of the report upon application to
Seo.-Treas. McVety.
The Bakers.
The union label of the Bakery Work,
ers stands for sanitary conditions ln
all shops. It guarantees to all the
Bakery Workera a six-day week Instead
of seven days. Demand the label on
all bread you buy. By so doing yon
assist union men, as well as yourself In getting better sanitary and living conditions. Bakery Workers feel
confident that the general public does
not believe In the seven-day week and
for that reason they are asking the
There Is probably Just ss much poverty prevalent the year round In modern Vanoouver. It only required the
efforts of pseudo-charity publicity seekers to emphasise It at this season of
the year, aa the .dally papers so abundantly attest,
Pensions for Mothers.
President Jsmes Watters, of the
TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada, has brought to the attention of
the Minister of Labor and the Minister of Justice the necessity for legislation granting pensions to mothers who
are left with dependent children. This
Important demand should receive the
support of every right thinking man
and woman, and tf the Trades and Labor Congress, wltb the assistance of
other organisations, can secure such
legislation, hundreds and thouaandsof
deserted wives snd widows will thank
the labor organisations for their work
In their behalf.
The State of Illinois has psssed such
a law and thousands of little ohlldren
have escaped the pangs of hunger as a
result of Its beneficence. It Is clearly
the duty of the Federal Parliament to
pus a similar law for the benefit of
those who are compelled to suffer because ot no fault of their own, and If
there was ever an opportunity for the
strong to bear the Infirmities of the
weak this Is one. Frequently a fatal
accident la reported and the citlsens
look upon it as one of the many Industrial tragedies, another workman sacrificed for the good of civilisation?
But somewhere, perhsps ln a humble
cottage, or ln a sunless tenement, a
little mother feels the significance of
the blow aa no other human being can.
Unprepared to make the struggle for
her children she Is compelled to accept a future that self-respect and
sense of honor compells her to revolt
against, but hopelessly to surrender to.
It Is before the cruel economic pressure haa driven her to the wall that
the government should step ln and
through Its Pension Law guarantee
that protection which common decency says she Is entitled to. The mothers of this nation, upon whose shoulders the cruel hand of adversity has
never rested, should petition the Federal Government, either by post card
or letter, to Illumine the statute books
wltb such legislation as the Trades
and Labor Congress Is asking for.
will not be long In awakening with revolutionists like this.
Comrade Wann Is quite hopeful of being enrolled on the exchange with all Socialists and revolutionary papers In the
States and Canada, and already haa the
encouragement of a few.    Should any
Sapers desire translated news from the
went, he will be pleased to furnish lt
on request.
He stated In a conversation: "When
wo find out our true friends we need have
no fear of our enemies."—Frank W. Hudson, in International socialist Review.
125-127 Hastings Street. West
also 614-616 Yates Street
Down Go
Our brisk Overcoat selling
tills fall has left us with a lot
of broken lines. Just one or two
of eaoh number In stock.
•9 We have pioked these
odd lines out, between fifty
and and sixty overcoats in
all, and will plaoe them on -
sale Friday and Saturday
at the following greatly
reduced prices.
♦18 to ago Qverocats. .$14,78
I22.M to $27.60 0vcrooats..$187o
$30 to $35 Overcosts $24,78
•J These coats are our very
best selling lines, in the new
shades of Brown, Blue,
Gray, in the diagonal and
oombed fleeced tweeds.
Look for the Red
Arrow Sign
i. N.Harvey
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
.wtw SoolaUat aau for Tutnnr
Local Vancouver No. 45, Finnish. S.
P. of C, will open their new hall at
2216 Pender street eaat, on Dec. 20th.
ftlitBL'ehes will be delivered ln English
und FlnnlHh, and singing, music and refreshments wtll help make a pleasant
night's amusement. Admission, one dollar.   Doors open at eight.
On Saturday evening a theatrical performance will be given, and on Sunday
a propaganda meeting, with music and
singing.  •
A bill has been introduced ln the Quebec legislature to prohibit lunatics from
voting. If the bill becomes law, the So-
delists should win every seat
SIMPSON—At Toronto, to Mr. and
Mrs, James Simpson, 64 High Park
Boulevard, on Wednesday, Nov. 27,
a daughter.
tiAons   w,
•For    Squamtah
r-chool; salary, f76 per month.   Apply
to H. Judd, secretary, Brackendale P.
a, b, c.
Notice to Correipomlente.
A number of con.munioat.oni art unavoidably held oyer this iMue. Correspondents please bear the necessity
or brevity. Space, like cash receipts.
is too limited for any other course.
UUTOLXYt—Owner has a few I 1-1
and 6 1-4 aero farms, 12 miles from Mew
Westminster, near B. C. E. R. Rich soil,
suitable for fruit and gardening. Wlaht*
to sell at once and will take on-thlrd
leas than price of surrounding property.
Three year terms. No Interest No
Agents, For full particulars apply Boi
2348, North Vancouver.
•MOMS V.4BBOWS BBOMB construction will soon start. Buy now before
prices Jump; four large lota left: only
a block from waterfront right at Second Narrows; 1610 each; quarter cash,
balance f, IS, II months. What will
theoe be wortli when building begin*?
Whltaker 4k Whltaker. Tht North Vancouver Experts, 410 Howe street Ven.
When your Grocery Bill
comes due, why not
pay it to yourself?
Did you ever think of the .tremendous difference
it would make to you, were you on the other side of
the cash register when pay-day comes roundt
Perhaps you did, but you immediately concluded
there was no use—the more you thought about it the
more disgusted you became.
"With beef-steak rapidly climbing into the realm
of luxuries, and wages remaining practically stationary, the butcher bill is even worse than the grocers.
Still, the butcher, snd the grocer can't help it.
Neither can the baker.   Some of them are failing
every day.   They are all competing against one    •.
another, wasting time, money and energy—snd you
pay the bills. .
Some of. the people in Vancouver have become
tired of it. They have organised themselves into an
association which is already supplying them and "
others with groceries and will soon supply them with
nil other household necessities.
Their store in here in the Labor Temple. Wage
and salary earners entirely! own and control it.
Whatever profits are made are given back to them
in the shape of either yearly dividends or monthly
rebates, or both.
Tn this way when they pay their grocery hills
they are really taking the money out of their pocket
with one hand and .putting it in the cash register
with the other.
When we get fully organized and secure larger
store space it is our intention to branch out into
meats, hardware, clothing, furniture, in fact everything needed in the house,
How about yourself t   Which side pf the cash
register are you ont  If you persist on being on the
wrong side of course we cannot interest you, but you    ,
should at least investigate this, snd see1 how easy it
will be for you to change your position.
Try us for groceries. Our stock is fresh and
pure. Service courteous, delivery prompt. Use the
telephone. No left-over, worn-out stock st eye-catching prices, but pure-food articles st prices as low as
elsewhere, or lower. Information gladly given any
410 Dunsmuir St.
Vancouver, Can.
«Watch Us Grow"
WrVP** *>*•* "■**""J1'


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