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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 14, 1912

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Array Fourth Year; No. 75.
$1.00 A YM&
{Cumberland, B. C, September 10.—
me time ago when the mlneworkers
, Cumberland decided to join the
i M. W. ot A. they were at a loss
fj know how to collect dues from the
Bombera. They were o( the opinion,
fliwever, that it they could get near
ye pay bank they would have better
ccess. A committee waited on the
intnk manager, who agreed that they
could stand Inside the bank doorB.   A
was, removed. No doubt, owing to the*
success ot the meetings held there.'
Also Saturday night
Meetings Wert Prohibited
on pay day. The "Boys" must learn
that we won out on this occasion by
packing the council from the "outside." Why not pack It from the "Inside?" Were a few workers on the
council board material might be found
to keep "The Federatlonist" busy, and
similar concession had been asked and intake lt necessary to extend Its field
to that of a dally.
Some time ago a petition had been
drafted by the Cumberland men to
have the'powder house of the company removed out of the danger sone
of the city. So far the Only prominent
citlsens who refused to sign this document are: 0. 8. Macdonald, ex-mayor
ot Cumberland; J. W. Macmlllan, mine
boss; Harry Murdoch; Tom Blckle,
Chinese contractor; J. Thomson, acting-chief of police; 0. W. Clinton,
cashier for coal companies.
The petitioners desire to see nothing
happen the powder house; but a large
Fire Happened Rsosntly
near this place, which endangered the
safety ot the lives ot all citlsens. The
above men evidently have no regard
for the lives of anyone—not even
themselves,   i
A report hat been ln circulation on
the streets ot Cumberland that evening classes will be started shortly, and
that for every one attending and getting a third olass mining certificate, a
premium of twenty-five dollars will be
paid them. Perhaps, this desire to
have Sre-boss papers granted is owing
to the are-bosses having Joined the
union. The men will have to consider
ways and means of having representation on the examination hoard too
as It Is evident this can be abused if
it has not already been done,
granted the mlneworkers at Lady
smith. All this went on In both places
tor two or three pay days. Then It
became evident that pressure had
been brought to bear on tbe bank managers, owing tn the meantime to the
Large Success and Growth
of the organisation. The men In both
places 'made no objection to this. As
the good weather was approaching
tbey simply went on to the street Instead and were no worse off. However, on Saturday last a notice was
handed to the secretary of local
Cumberland from the city clerk, of
which following Is a copy:
"Cumberland, B. C, Sept. 7,1912.
'To   the   Seoretary,   U.   M.   W.   of
"Gentlemen,—I have been Instructed
to notify you that collecting of money
on the streets of the city of Cumber
land without special permission of the
council is forbidden,
"Yours truly,
"A. McKlnnon, City Clerk."
This also hindered the men from
making further collections on behalf
of cases of distress—even where the
companies refused to pay compensation In case of accident.   The men
Dlseussed the Question
at their meeting on Sunday evening,
and elected a committee to wait on the
City Council the following evening
(Monday). The city hall was packed
as It never was before by workers.
The minutes of the previous meeting1
of that body were read, in which nothing appeared relative to the action
ln question. When the deputation addressed the meeting this fact was pointed out, and permission was asked to
ocntlnue as usual. Mayor McLeod said
that at the outset he desired tb make
an explanation. It was, that under a
by-law a request had to be made; as
this had not been done, and, as pressure had been brought to bear on htm,
he had been compelled to act tn the
matter. The City Council could now
take action.
When the question had been   discussed, an alderman moved that   the
miners he allowed to collect on the
Brat pay day aa usual. Then let them
Find Some Place Else.
The committee again pointed out
that they wanted either a refusal or a
free hand and aot bq"fequlred to
come month after month-for permission. It was again moved that the
union dues be collected at any time
without asking permission; hut that
any other collections he prohibited unless special permission be asked for.
One alderman made the remark tbat
recently a collection had been taken
up that was an Imposition. Tbe only
collection which the men of Cumberland know of tbat he can refer to as
being such, was on behalf of the
strikers of the C. N. R. For the In
formation of this worthy alderman It
may be stated that every cent collected ln this Instance was tor a just
cause, and the proceeds duly handed
to where lt belonged.
This is a lesson to the workers,
showing, as lt does, how the City
Councils can be used by the corpora-
. tlons.
Recently the band stand ln Nanalmo
A healthy Increase inthe sale ot
Labor Temple shares has resulted
Bince the announcement of the Board
of Directors of an Increase to 11.50 on
October 1st. The Typographical Union
has taken 1100, Trades and Labor
Council 1000, Tile Layers 100, Barbers
60, and quite a number of Individual
members anywhere from 10 to a couple
of hundred.
This does not, of course, Include the
monthly Instalment of 135 taken .by
Local 213 ot the Electrical Workers
which has had an assessment on Its
members tor -9. months past, the proceeds to be devoted to the purchase of
If every union and unionist would
do as well as the electrical workers
the cemneny would be compelled to
increase the capitalisation ltt order, til
provide sufficient shares to go around.
Man Meeting
The Factory Workers branoh of the
Amalgamated Carpenters will hold an
open meeting on Friday, September
20, at 8 p.m., in Room 307, Labor
Temple, with the object ot strengthening the organisation. Some time ago
the Factory Workers of Victoria
brought their organisation to a position where lt can cope with the working conditions of the men engaged ln
the woodworking factories, and the
Vancouver factory workers are deslr-
oub of putting their organisation In as
good a position. All factory workers,
machine men and bench hands are
invited to attend. Several speakers
will be in attendance and address the
meeting.    ,
Trades Council, Victoria.
Typographical  Union,  Vancouver.
Veteran Secretary "Paddy" Draper Ablaut Through Bieknesi
—Number of notable
Visitors Preient.
The convention of the Dominion
Tradei Congress Is In session this
week In Ouelph, Ont,, with President
Watters, well known ln British Columbia In the chair, and "Jimmy" Simpson, formerly vice-president, acting as
secretary-treasurer In place of "Paddy"
Draper, who Is unable to attend
through the Ottawa typhoid, epidemic
which has given him a hard tussle.
Among the notable men attending
from other countries are Mr. J. Kler
Hardle, M.P., fraternal delegate from
the British Labor Party; Mr. John D.
Smith, representing the American Federation of Labor, and Mr. W. A. Alloyd,
who U supposed to be an authority
on Australian labor legislation.
The delegates are dealing with the
multitude of question! referred to the
annual meeting ln record order and
expeot to hear from Hon. T. W.
Crowthers, Minister of Labor, on var-1
ious matters affecting labor lh Canada and particularly with reference to
the operation of the Leraieux, or what
is now generally known as the "Lemon
Aot" A great deal of fault has been
found with this legislation, more par-
tleularly since lt has been discovered
Street Railwaymen, Vancouver.
Trades Council, New Westminster.
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Some of the B. C. Delegates at Guelph Convention This Week
When in Doubt
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note' the fit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish, etc. There's no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them tor good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKET8—They are equally good. Note
the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform hand collar, and thli
you'll he satisfied there's only one good Jacket, I
one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Bay
Important Rewlutwns Carried—
Next Convention at Sacramento, Cal.
The Northwest Painters Conference
convened ln the Labor Temple ln this
city, on Monday, September 9. There
were representatives present from
Seattle, Wn., House Painters; Seattle,
Wn., Sign and Pictorial Artists; Seattle, Wn., Glaciers; Tacoma, Wn.;
Aberdeen, Wn.; Hoquiam, Wn.; Bremerton, Wn.; Belllngham, Wn.; Walla Walla, Wn.; Spokane, Wn.; Van-
couver, Wn.; Portland, Ore,; Astoria,
Ore.; Vancouver, B.C.; Victoria, B.C.;
New Westminster, B.C.
The affiliated locals reported that
trade for the past six months was
fair, there being no shortage of labor,
with no signs of improvement during
the coming winter
Resolution endorsing Industrial
Unionism was adopted.
Resolution protesting against use of
turpentine substitute in naval yards
and on all government vessels was
Resolution calling upon U. S. government to pay employees for time
lost through sickness caused by lead
poisoning, the same as mon who are
injured, was carried.
A protest,was entered against the
attempt of the authorities In Lawrence, Mass., to Bend Messrs. Ettor and
Olovanltti to the electric chair and to
their enforced imprisonment tor a
crime which any Intelligent person
knows was not committed by them.
During the laBt six months goodi
work has been done with the intention
of enlarging the scope of the confer*
ence to take ln the whole Pacific
coast. Replies from locals ln the
south were so gratifying as to warrant the next convention being held
In Sacramento, Cal.
The conference indorsed the candl
dature of Bro. J. Clarke of L. U. 64, Tacoma, for the position of fourth vice-
president, vice H. I j. Hunt, resigned.
The conference Is taking steps to
prepare to organize the immigrants
who may come via the Panama canal,
In this we hope to have the co-operation of other organizations.
Conference adjourned at 5 p. m. on
Tuesday, September 10, to convene at
Sacramento on March 3, 1913.
International President William H.
Johnston, of the Machinists' union,
ln his annual report says that forty
four new agreements have been made
by the organization with employers
during the fiscal year closing June
39, 1912, and that "a much larger
number of agreements have been en
tered into with employers by local
organizations, but which have not
been reported to the International,"
the last agreements being, one with
the Martin Gable Machine Company,
of Louisville, Ky, ln which a union
shop agreement was made, granting
a nine-hour day and a minimum rate
of 33 1-3 cents per hour.
A "sovereign citizen" of Massachusetts said recently, speaking of the
Ettor-Glovannittl case: "Fair trial?
Damn 'em, If I get on that Jury I'll
vote to Bend them both to the electric
chair, no matter what the evidence
is. They hadn't ought to waste time
trying them. Ought to take all these
damned agitators out and shoot them."
It may yet be necessary to prevent
the wanton slaughter of these workingmen by force ot arms.
that the minister rules that every application received can be accepted or
refused at the will of the department
and without regard to the interests of
the men affected.
It is expeeted that the officers will
be re-elected without serious opposition, they having demonstrated during
the past year their ability to carry on
the work of the congress without the
assistance of old party politicians or
high priced solicitors.
Ouelph, Ont., Sept. 13.—Election of
officers and the selection of next
year's place of meeting was the business at yesterday afternoon's session
ot the Dominion Trades and Labor
CongresB. There was no night session,
the evening being given up to a splendid banquet tendered by the local
council to the visiting delegates.
Preeldent Walters had no opposition
for re-election, Samuel Clocking ot Toronto declining the nomination. Other
officers elected were:
Vice-president, Fred W.- Bancroft,
Toronto; secretary-treasurer, P. M.
Draper; executive committee. Nova
Scotia, J. Brooks, Halifax; W. N.
Goodwin, Truro; E. V. Fisher, Inverness. New Brunswick, P. Campbell,
St. John; P. p. Ayer, Moncton; L. M.
Keller, Moncton.
Quebec—T. Bertrand, O. Jette, R.
Brunette, Montreal.
Ontario—-W. B. Parker, Ouelph; Joe
Marks, London; T. Moore, Niagara
Manitoba—H. I. Iratln, Portage la
Prairie; H. Taylor, Brandon; H,
Strange, Winnipeg.
Saskatchewan—Ed. Chicken, Saskatoon; J. Somerville, Mdosejaw; O,
H. Martin, Reglna.
Fraternal Delegates to Federation of
Labor—John Bruce, Toronto.
Fraternal Delegates to the British
Trades Union Congress—P. M. Draper,
Vice-presidents—Nova Scotia, John
J. Foy of Halifax; New Brunswick, J.
L. Shugrue; Quebec, J. B, Foster; Ontario, Jos. Gibbons; Prince Edward Island, left to the executive of Prince
Edward Island; Manitoba, R, A, Rlggs,
Winnipeg; Saskatchewan, Mac Allis-
ter, Moosejaw.
Alberta and British Columbia have a
Montreal secured the meeting of the
CongresB for next year, beating out St.
John by a close vote ot 98 to 96.
The following letter signed by Hon.
Frank Cochrane, Minister of Railways
and Canals, was received:
"I beg to acknowledge receipt ot
your telegram of Sept. 10, in reference
to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
and Its treatment of its employees. It
Ib, and will be the aim of the government to secure as far as possible fair
treatment for the employees of public
service companies tn receipt of government aid, and we are still hopeful
that' the difficulties heretofore existing in the Grand Trunk Pacific will be
satisfactorily adjusted."
The convention will conclude tonight.
Out of every 1,000 persons ln England, 939 die without owning any property worth speaking about, according to Mulhall'a Dictionary of Statistics, and 691 out of every 1,000 without furniture, investments or effects
worth £200. Tbe institution of private property seems to have reached
the vanishing point in England.—La-
bor Clarion.
One of the outstanding features of
the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club Is It
patriotism. This patriotism Is Impervious to mercenary considerations.
There are, doubtless, other reasons for
its fleet having been enriched by three
new yachts built In Hong Kong and
brought across the Pacific by Jim
Hill's steamer Minnesota.
Attorney-Oeneral'i Reply on Poll
Tax—More Orgauiiation
At the meeting ' of the Victoria
Trades and Labor Council last Wednesday evening recommendations from
the executive committee carried. They
recommended that the city council be
written regarding two clauses In the
building by-law, namely, that clause
nine be struck out and clause eight,
which deals with the construction of
thoroughfares, be amended so that a
gathering of people be not considered
an obstruction so long as the assembly is between a line on the centre of
the street and the curb.
A protest will be sent to the city
council regarding the refusal of tbe
chief of police to grant the privilege
of street speaking to the I. W. W.
On the motion of Delegate King It
was decided to purchase Tungsten
lights for the different rooms, these
lights to be fitted with guards to prevent them being carried away.
The council decided that Room 6
ot the uibor hall, be left open as a!
reading room during the winter.
The United Brotherhood ot Carpenters, No. 1848, wrote stating that it
had been decided to assess each member $1 per head, per,year for maintenance of legal adviser. The letter
was referred to the legal defence committee.
Poll Tax.
The attorney-general replied to the
letter from the Trades and Labor
Council regarding the poll tax. The
central body had asked ln Its letter
that workmen be given notification
previous sb to when the poll tax is to
be collected, ln order that they may
show receipts and thus prevent losing
time in visiting the collector's office to
obtain refund.
The attorney-general stated that he
expected the tax ln question would
not be ln existence next year, and
therefore there was no occasion for
any alteration now.
Delegate Barfuss spoke on the or
ganlzatlon of a union for Brewery
Workers, he apprised the council ol
the favorable success of the move*
ment and that the first demand ot
the union will be a decrease of hours
from 10 hours to 9 hours per day, with
the same wages.
Woman's Unions.
Delegate Havers suggested that an
a Women's Union label league could
be formed lt would be a great helper
in the union of labor.
Delegate Havers stated that at present there was greater ned of organizing the men at present unorganized,
but If wished to start organizing the
women they could start with the laundry girls.
Delegate Martin moved that such
an organization be attempted, but the
motion found little favor, and lost.
A new blackboard will be purchased
for the lobby of the Labor hall, for
writing down messages, etc.
Affiliation Wltrv T. and L. Council,
Delegate Havers sugegsted that an
attempt be made to bring unions which
marched in the Labor Day parade, but
were not affiliated with the TradeB and
Labor Council, Into the central body.
A motion was made accordingly and
• New Westminster, September 11
The regular meeting ot tbe Trades an<
Labor Counoll wu held In the Labor
Temple last night Delicate Christie
In the chair.
The minutes ot previous meeting
read and approved.
were accepted from the V. B. ot Carpenters for A. Walter, In place ot O.
Strawbridge, resigned; Delegate A.
Walker, U. B. ot Carpenters, and Delegate P. Drysdale, Btreet Railway Hm-
plbyeea, were, obligated and seated.
From New Westminster Progressive
Association, asking tor Information ai
to number ot men In various unions
and scale of wagee. Filed ant secretary
instructed to reply.
From chairman ot committee ot
Independent Labor Party, Inviting
counoll and members to attend meeting to be held on Friday at which Joe.
Martin, M.P., will speak.
Reports ef Committees and Delegate*
Delegate Chockley, for Ways and
Means Committee, reported, IMS received from smoker which sum ha*
been, deposited In the bank to credit
of the Tradei and Labor Counoll. He-
port received.
Delegate Smith reported for committee delegated to attend Vancouver
Labor day demonstration, that an enjoyable Ume had been spent though
the celebration wai somewhat marred
by the unfavorable weather. Adopted.
Delegate Christie reported that he
hsd attended the meeting between the
joint city and hospital committees, and
Contractor Dill of tbe hospital Job,
and that the contractors bal been not.
Ifled they had until Tuesday to
straighten the Job and comply with
the conditions of the contract, which
they have since done. Report adopted
with the thanks of thli body to Acting
Mayor Gray and hli colleagues for
their activity In protecting the inter
ests ot the workers.
Report! of Unions
Typos—Work picking up. Everybne
Plumber*—Work still slack.
Clgarmakers—AU working.
Street Railway Employee* — All
A. B. of Carpenters—All working.
Barbers—All busy. Two shop* atlll
unfair; are having acme trouble with
Burton'* (hop, Begble street.
Teamsters—All working; are negotiating for- an Increased wage scale.
U. B, of Carpenter*—All working.
Painter*—All working.
Letter Carriers—Have not enough
men to do the work..
New. Business
The invitation of the I. L. P. for
delegates to attend Jos. Martin'* meeting and for the officer* to take the
platform on that occasion now came
up, when lt wa* moved and seconded
that the invitation be accepted.;
Amendment, that the acceptance Include only the Invitation to unionists
to attend and that this council to opposed to Its officer* officially taking
seat* on the platform at this meeting.
Considerable discussion ensued. One
delegate characterised Joe Martin a*
a labor fakir and another stating that
tt would be ridiculous for this body to
lend Itself to any attempt of Joe Mar
tin to foist himself on a labor party.
The amendment was finally carried
by an overwhelming majority.
On motion the Organisation Committee was Instructed to call a mass
meeting of workers during the month
of September for the purposes of or
Delegate Gough asked who were the
members of the Municipal Committee,
and was referred to the secretary.
Delegate Chockley asked if lt was
true that Adkison and Dill are reducing wages on the hospital Job, since
they have reduced the day to eight
Delegate Christie stated their con-
tract calls for the union scale a* specified.
Delegate Bacon gave notice of mo-
Canadian Machinists.
The machinist* employed on the
railroads of Canada will meet In convention at Toronto, Ont, beginning
September 16th. The body is a new
section decided on recently hy referendum vote, and comprise* ln Its scope
all of Canada. It I* expected that 75
delegates will be ln attendance. The
Grand Trunk Pacific strike In the
West and conditions on the Grand
Trunk railway lines esst of Fort Wll-
Ham will be discussed and action
taken thereon.
tlon to amend article IV. by addtttoa
o( section to read a*, follow*: "Date-
gate* elected to represent thli eoejull
at any convention shall be allowed W
per day to and from the convention
and prevailing transportation rates by
•hortest route: alio It per day, Including Sunday* tor the tat-it day*, aid
$4 per day for each additional day the
convention remain* In ssseloe. No
other appropriation from the read* of
the' council (hall be made la favor of
the delegate."
Bills were passed for A. Christie, »l
attending meeting ot hospital hoard.
Notification card*, IMS. Receipt* tt.
A, Revelstoke dispatch of Beptemebr
10 auto* that J. McGinn]*, brakeman
on work train tot, at Six-mil* Creek,
six miles trom Beavermouth, and eaat
of Revelstoke, wa* killed on the C. P.
R. Both leg* were cut off. Mr. Me-
Olnnl* had Just thrown tb* switch,
and having jumped on the train a* the
car* were pulling ont of the siding,
lost his balance and fell under the
wheel*; He wa* taken to Golden ln a
box car, and died about half an bow
after reaching that spot Deceased
waa 15 year* of age, a Nova Sootian,
and had two cousins employed ea the
C. P; R. at Revelstoke.
Vancouver Latent* Visits Winnipeg
R. P. Pettlplece, editor of the British Columbia Fed*rat.onl*t and the
R.P.P. of the Voice column*, dropped
off on hi* way East on Wednesday and,
ipent a tew boor* In the olty. Mr.
Pettlplece I* a delegate to the Tradei
and Labor Congrats at Ouelph, which
opens its session on Monday next He
I* representing the B.C. Federation ot
Labor: Before proceeding to Ouelph
he will pay a visit to Ottawa In th*
hope ot being able to Interview the
Minister of Labor on matter* of Industrial Importance to tbe worker* of
B.C. He report* that there are a large
number of men unemployed out at the
Coast, and that the prospects for tb*
coming winter are of a very gloomy
charaoter.-fThe Voice.
In British Columbia tbe public **•
tate I* sacrificed without regard to '
anything but the dollar* which It
bring* to the provincial treasury. In
Ontario the government have jilt
made a sale of land In connection with
which they stipulate the purchasers
shall clear 25 acre* on each lot offered
for sale, shall built thereon a house
and barn; shall construct ud maintain all road* ant bridges; shall make
adequate provision for pubUo schools;
shall settle the land with one aettler
to each 150 acre*; and shall reserve
to the crown future townsltes, water .
power* and control over all agree-
ment* tor sale, with power to fix their
term*. Tbat to something nke a hud.
policy. In British Columbia the minister of lands knows mor* about compelling railways to use California on
ln preference to British Columbia coal
than about a progressive land policy.
—B. C. Mining Recorder.
Judging by the above, Ontario I* advancing slowly, but, nevertheless, surely. Many people sneer at the demand*
of the Socialists. Yet some ot the
political turtle* now and then are
forced to give advanced legislation.
Bless the agitator for It He to needed In such a materialised, money-:
grubbing community, he ha* ideals,
and knows what is coming out of thl*
seething mass of political, economic
and religious unrest.
Dr. Billot Rowe talked seme when
he told a gathering tbe other day at
Chllllwack: "It Is a curious fact tbat
those who paint the Joys of the farmer
so well are those who show their self-
sacrifice by living In the town*. . .
What better use could th* capitalist
of Vancouver, Westminster ud the
various communities la the Fraser
Valley put their money to than by
purchasing, say, 100,000 acre* of that
land, aultable for settlement, being
content with a nominal and just return for their investment Then they
could settle four or five thousand families. What they wanted In the Fraser Valley was producer*." British
Columbia does not bold out uy Inducements whatever to the poor man
who is willing to go back to the land,
and until the government aids settlers
the people who live in Vancouver must
necessarily Import all their foodstuffs.
It may be added also tbat half the
population of British Columbia Is within a radius of six miles of tbe Labor
The Montreal Tramways Company
has Increased the wages of Its conductors and motormen, the Increase being
two cents an hour for five-year men,
and one cent an hour for others.
Twenty-two hundred men are affected.
The increase will date from July 1st
Shirts and Overalls
We are prepared to fill the order* of any consumer
through any retail hoiiue you may name.
Ask your dealer
for them
Buck Brand
Union-Made by
Union Maids
Should your retailer not handle our goods, a letter
direct to us will put you in touch with the proper
source of supply.
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Ltd.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $   7,500,000
Reserve 6,500,000
Total Assets 114,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
buiineu will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
MMd Ottot
Tuaconvtr, B.C.
Aattorind Capital *ja,ooo,ooo
■tttooribatt Capital  1,169,900
raid Up Capital.....    630,000
■ The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln It
by the people, and-It Is always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management
Tonr aooonnt wry cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastlng3
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts,
Granville St Branch,  1146  Gran.
ville St.
Pender St  Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You;
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
end happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
ot nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank tbat has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Halting, and Carrall Su-eeti
VANCOUVER,    -    ■  B.O.
Everything for the Home in our
Kitchen Ranges
Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
Builders' Supplies
To Reduce the High Cost of
Living Buy Your
and Furnishings
Clean-tip Sale
133 Hastings Straet E.
The Home of High-Class
Where Everybody Goes
Published weekly by The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver .Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 'organized wage-
Issued every Saturday morning.     ■
Managing Editor: B. Parmatar FetUpleae
Offloa.'   Boom 110, Labor Sample   .
Sal ley. asso.
Subscription:    11.00 per year:   in Vancouver City, 11.26;   to unions subscribing in a body, 75 cents.	
1 Inch, per issue 7fic       10.75
2 inches, per issue 70c        1.40
3 Inches, per issue 60c 1.80
4 Indies, per issue 56c 2.20
5 inches and upwards 60c 2.60
Transient advertisements, 10c per line:
subsequent Insertions.  6c ner line;   14
lines to the inch.
Correspondence from unlona and unionists  invited.
"unity of Labor: the taps ef the worn."
to paper. If thla number la on lt
your subscription expires next Issue,
Looking down through the ages,
even as far as the days ol savagery,
there appears to have existed an unwritten law for tbe protection ot non-
combatants. Women and children, tbe
maimed and the sick and hospitals
and churches have, even ln war, been
Immune from the penalties suffered by
vanquished combatants.
Practically the same rule has obtained in modern journalism, more
especially in regard to religion, except, of course, In tbe organs ot rival
religious denominations. This rule is
but tbe modern interpretation of the
ancient law and Is intended to apply,
as long as the religious sets pursue
their theological researches into the
hereafter and do not meddle with the
more material and contentious cues-
tlons of'the here-present.
With this time honored practice the
Federatlonist Is not inclined to quarrel, ln tact, labor papers generally
have, perhaps, been among the strict
est adherents, even in the face of occasional bitter criticisms trom theological doctrinaires;
. The first religious organisation to
voluntarily surrender lta sanctuary
rights was the Salvation Army, this
organisation having tor many years
been engaged In a traffic ln human
merchandise—for monetary gain. The
furnishing of strikebreakers flrst
brought the Army to the serious attention of labor papers and lt Is now con-
sldere'd a purely commercial enterprise masquerading under the cloak ot
religion, because of the ease with
which dupes can be secured through
that route.
Within the past four years the Catholic church has gradually, but none
the less surely, been changing, or rather broadening Its field of activities
and Is now engaged, in a campaign
having tor It* purpose the raising of
religious, scientific and political antagonisms within the ranks of organised labor.
Starting at the top, ln the conventions of the American Federation of
Labor, the Catholics were able to secure the seating as a fraternal dele
gate, of Rev. Father Diets, one of the
most clever and astute officers ot that
religious denomination. After carefully looking over the ground and no
doubt being surprised at the number
of Irish Catholic international officers,
he formed an organisation called the
Militia of Christ, securing as members
such Influential persons as Jas. O'Con-
nell, International preaident of the
Machinists and vice-president of the
American Federation of Labor; John
Mitchell, president of the United Mine
Workers; Frank Duffy, secretary-treasurer of the Brotherhood of Carpenters; John Alpine of the Plumbers,
Collins of the McNulty Electrical
Workers, and a host of Others holding
Important positions in the labor world.
So powerful and far reaching has
this organisation become tbat at the
last convention it was claimed tbat lt
controlled from 60 to 70 per cent of the
entire vote.
From the A. F. ot L. tbe program
was carried into the International Association of Machinists, a dead set being made against any nominees for office known to have progressive or socialist ideas. So bitter did tbe struggle become that the last election of officers was fought on the basis of Militia, ot Christ against 'socialism, O'Con-
nell going down to defeat before Wm.
Johnston, a comparatively little known
member who ran for International
president as a socialist. The strut-
gle is being carried Into other organisations and practically every convention and every election of officers by
referendum will be fought out on the
above mentioned Hues.
The defeat of the working class government of Milwaukee was due almost
entirely to the injection of Catholic-
Ism, there being a large number of
unionist* ln that city who rallied to
the public call of tbe Catholic church
and voted against members, In some
cases, of their own unions.
From the small movement, started
by Father Diets, the contest has
grown to national and International
proportions, until in every city and
town the priests and bishops are aligning their forces, in tbe unions and out
of them, on a basts of Catholics
against the field, Rev. Father Bedard
of North Vancouver being the flrst in
this vicinity to show his absolute Ignorance of the subject.
From the standpoint ot tbe unionist,
the Federatlonist deprecates the forcible introduction by the Catholic
church of religious and political questions ln the unions, the consideration
of which, ln the minds of many, cannot but result disastrously—for whom,
time alone will tell.
Having entered the field of politics,
members of tbe Catholic faith should
not be offended if their church Is treated as a political party and their priests
as, politicians.
For the cadets, these budding young
soldiers wbo are to defend "our empire," the lesson cannot but be a valuable one, proving as lt does, that
those who make war will not fight and
are extremely unwilling to pay others
for doing so.
Speaking of "empire building," one
always thinks of that great imperialist,
J. Norton Griffiths, M. P., known to
his friends as "Empire Jack," and his
enemies as "Hell Fire Jack."
Every time he visits Canada he fairly bubbles oyer with stories of what
he thinks should be done to "build up
our beloved H'empire" and to confound
the enemies ot Oreat Britain. All the
time he is so strong on the empire
dope he Is still stronger on tbe neces-
ity of his company getting the contract
to build a (13,000,000 dry dock at St.
John, N. B.
Close Investigation shows Mr, Griffiths' patriotism to be very similar to
the religion of a man who was asked
what church he belonged to. He said,
"I am a Presbyterian, but I am not
working at lt." Here In Vancouver
one of Mr. Griffiths' companies carries
on a very extensive business and bas a
large organisation. Nearly all ot lt*
higher officers were Imported from the
United States. A short time ago the
company found It necessary to build a
wharf—to land material purchased ln
Seattle. Even the material used ln
tbe construction came from below the
4'Sth parallel, one of the officers stating, "It is cheaper over there."
Stripped bare, patriotism is a commercial term, used the most when the
user has some nefarious scheme to pull
off while the multitude Is waving the
flag and yelling itself hoarse singing
"Rule Britannia,"
The completion of the equipment of
the Canadalan Palclflc Railway with
the telephone system of train die-
patching, coupled with tbe news that
tbe railway telegraphers have declined
a 6 per cent increase and are taking
a strike vote, is but another indication of the rapidity with which skilled
workers are being reduced to a common level by tbe use of modern machinery and inventions.
Numbered, since the days of primitive railroading, as one of the five essential occupations necessary to the
successful operation ot railways, the
railway telegraphers have continued to
force better conditions for themselves
from railway corporations, until finally, the roads commenced the testing, improvement and installation of
systems for the despatching of trains
by telephone.
The offer of a paltry 5 per cent. Increase in wages, without any other
concessions when 25 per cent ot an increase was demanded, proves rather
conclusively that the Canadian Pacific
has perfected Its new system to such
an extent as to warrant a test of
strength with the telegraphers, a test
that cannot fall to ultimately reduce
tbe number of strong railway organizations by one.
Without taking any satisfaction
from the prospect, the Federatlonist
cannot help but remember that the
Order of Railway Telegraphers has
always kept Its members at work when
other railway organisations were in
trouble and ln the Shopmen's strike of
1908 many ot It* members Issued orders and clearances to trainmen ln
which they were Instructed to accept
trains with defective air brake equipment and without a test to even Ind
out really how much was unfit for service.
Chickens generally come home to
A good deal of quiet amusement
Is being taken by citizens generally
at the. predicament tbe cadets flnd
themselveB In at this time.
Started off to the Land of the South-
ern Cross with the idea of "advertising
Vancouver" and "cementing the H'empire," the lads now find tbe "patriot-
Ism" and loyalty they were so highly
inflated with by such illustrious imperialists as School Trustee Geo. J. Dyke
a little hard to live on, and frantic
cablegrams for funds show the real
standing of "empire builders" and flag
In passing, be It noted that the
Vancouver School board granted |2,-
000 to this project and a preliminary
Investigation points to the prospects ot
the members Of tbe board being given
the opportunity to refund school funds
illegally used,
That a number of trade union officials joined with tbe Catholic church
ln New York ln Its "educational" crusade against Socialism, is a sad commentary on the mental state of the
membership that elected them.
The National Fraternal Committee
of St. Louis Is sending out thousands
of copies of a "great American protest," calling upon all American citizens to vote for the Socialist party as
being "the only party free from Romish Influence and domination." It
claims that the greatest danger to
America is the Influence of the Rom-
an Catholic church ln politics.
Striking railroad laborers are accused by the Victoria Times of having
"predatory" Instinct*. Predatory In-
stincts that are unable to secure more
for their victims than these laborers
enjoy should be Immediately amputated.
Half of a Swedish soldier's brain
has been removed, and he still lives.
This was no doubt the part that fell
into disuse while performing military
A scientist figures that the world
will be overwhelmed by water ln 3,
500,000 years. There Is yet time for
the workers to be politically educated.
"Life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness" Is a phrase that has led
the working class to many a battlefield in the interest* of somebody else.
"Save your money." Every newspaper ln the land gives this advice,
and every newspaper In the land lives
by printing inducements to spend It.
Railways can think of everything to
Induce workers to engage ln construction work except living wages and decent conditions.
The Lumber Dealers' Union, or Association, has.a habit of blacklisting
and attempting to ruin non-union dealers. Union dealers are referred to as
"ethical," while scab dealers are termed "unethical." What a difference a
few dollars make!
Machinery Is the magnificent result
-of man's desire to escape from arduous toll ln the pursuit of a living,
The escape, however, will only be
completely affected when machinery
is socially owned.
King George Is said to be a democratic monarch, given to paying Informal visits to worklngmen's cottages.
This will be excellent consolation for
a slim pay cheque,
Mrs, Stuyvesant Fish gave a little
"affair" the other night tbat cost |56,-
000. This Is one of the reasons that
the workers of the U. S. are unable to
buy beefsteak*.
We see a good deal In the "news"
about the color of the king's socks,
but very little about the striking dockers at Fort William and Port Arthur.
The working class needs a news service ot Its own,
The refusal of tbat Socialist Official
In Switzerland to pay court to the
Kaiser, should be a lesson to those In
our own land who are continually
hoisting royalty of some kind or other
up to be admired,
Apart from the many features of
general and commendable Interest ln
the programme of the Labor Day celebration ln Victoria, the parade of the
trade and labor organizations was a
worthy demonstration. Never before
in the history of the city has so large
and representative a body of men
formed a purely representative procession through the streets of the capital.
While much of the credit for this must
be given to good organization, the most
significant feature of the event was its
proof of the animated condition of
trades activity In Victoria. These men
represented the largest and perhaps
the most Important class In the country, for without them none of the other evidences of progress could become
manifest. They were, too, a creditable
presentation, the men constituting the
procession being men of fine types,
clean, well groomed and apparently
prosperous. There was In their bearing some manifestation of the dignity
of labor, not offensively, it is true, but
in that spirit which is becoming more
and more characteristic ot the men
who toll with their hands and produce, i ue marshalling of so large a
force of organised men employed In
their various handicrafts shows .what
goes to make up the bone and sinew
ot the country.
"The bronsad face, garlanded with worth
Doth never envy royal birth;
The swart brow, diamonded with Bweat,
Hath never need of coronet."
Its pride Is In what It Is, and not In
what someone else Is. Among these
men could be found many thoughtful
students of economy, both political
and social, and the influence of such
among their fellows, when tempered
with prudence and controlled by a
high sense of justice, cannot but betoken the universal progress ot the
race. The whole celebration was ln
every way worthy of the organizations
of which lt was composed,
A word of praise is due to the bands,
the City and Fifth Regiment, which
assisted during the day In the celebration. The chief marshal, Delegate
Moran, and his assistants, Delegates
H. J. Sheen and J. W. Hacgarrell, are
to be congratulated on tbe display, as
are also the union officials themselves.
The secretary, E. A. King, bad a busy
morning, and deserves a special measure of praise for his efforts.—The
Rev. R. J. Wilson of St. Andrew's
Presbyterian church, this city, last
Sunday referred to results of labor
movements as follows: "In 1824 a
movement of combination and co-operation In labor began. Men laughed
at lt, yet in less than a century the
labor of the country has organised it-
Self Into powerful and masterful
groups, more and more able to meet
on equal terms any combinations of
capital which might be found to balance or oppose them. This movement,
dreaded and suspected though lt has
been, accused and not always without
reason or perversity, tyranny and
blindness, has bad ltB root tn the nature of things. It was the Inevitable
outcome of an industrial system, and
of the nation'* collective responsibility, and the power of common action,
that men who have a common master,
should have a common Interest, and
thai If one member suffers all suffer
With him. Men ask whither this
movement ot a million wills in unison
direct Itself, to what spirit and what
sanctions will lt bold Itself amenable,
how will it conceive of its relation to
a body politic as a whole. Now all
movements of combination speak of
power and power Is a strong temptation. A sudden acquisition of power
is a temptation of Incalculable
strength and the danger ot the present and the future lies ln the possible divorce of power from moral re-
soonslbillty. A body that lives for
power cannot live for justice. And
this indeed would be the Irony of history, if the brotherhood should In the
end lead the very men lt has Inspired
to a combination, hostile and Indifferent to the needs and well being of
the. national or universal brotherhood
as a whole. We need not fear movement any more than we feared the
Methodists In Wesley's day."
The suggestion comes from J. J.
Miller that the government of British
Columbia should invest ln heavy logging plants and dear tracts of 4,000
and 5,000 acres for settlers, letting the
land to settlers and giving them time
to pay- At Agassi* there Is a
splendid tract of land, 4,000 or
5,000 acres covered with trees. Let
tbe government, clear that land
and they would' be able to
let It In Ave, ten and twenty-acre
blocks ln a week, If a man held big
tracts of land purely for speculation,
let the government take lt back from
bim. Australia had set a splendid example and had got back 2,000,000 acres
of land for the people, and had lent
thirty millions of dollars to Its Bet-
tiers for the purchase of stock and
Implements. The lending of money
by governments at a low rate of interest had proved a financial success.    ,
Alfred Penzer, passenger conductor,
running between Kamloops and Field,
was instantly killed at 4 o'elock Sunday morning at a point one mile west
of Golden. He was on an eastbound
train. His train was running about
twenty miles an hour when he leaned
out from the oar steps to ascertain
tbe cause of a Are reported by the
brakeman on a colonist car. His head
came ln contact with a cattle guard.
Tbe deceased was the oldest conductor-on the British Columbia division,
having entered the service In 1887.
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meeta ln annual convention In January. Executive orncers, 1812-1!: President, J. W. Wilkinson: vice-presidents,
Geo. A. Burt, B. D. Grant, J. S. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberto, c. Slverti
£' ^.T&'W' """"--'"aa., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1196. Vancouver.
Meets nrat and third Thuradays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, preaident:
John MoMillan, vloe-presfdenl: R p!
Pettlplece, secretary; Jaa. Campbell,
treasurer: A. Bouley, statistician; 3. H.
McVety, sargt-at-arms: P. A. Hoover,
"•"-'— J. W. Wilkinson, trustee
every Monday.   President, P. Sabln:
vice-president,   Jas.   Bltcon:   secretary.
John McMillan, Labor Temple y
—Meets aecond Monday  in month.
President,   B    Jarman;   vice-president,
grorge Mowat; aeeretary, A. H. Buff land,
c. O. BOX 60.
• .Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
MoVety, Jamea Brown, Edward Lothian,
Jamea Camdbell, J. w. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdook Ma-
Kenale. Managing director, J. H. Mc
Vety. Room 111,   gey. (ISO.
Pentera and Joiners—Room 101,
Sey. 2001. Business agent. 3. A. Kay:
office hours, I to I a.m. and 4 to I p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, III Raymur avenue.
Branches meat every Tuesday and Wad-
neaday In Room 101.
tlonere' Local No. 41—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdaya, 7:10 p.m. Pros,
ident, J. Klnnalrd; corresponding   secretary,   W.
uaaaemm i   Rogers, Room 220, Labor
Temple;  flnanolal secretary,  P.  Robin-
flrat and third Wednesdays, 1:10 p.m.
Preaident. O. E. Herrltt; recording sec-
detary, Goo. W. Isaacs: secretary-bust-
Meeta Drat and third Sundays of
each month, 7:30 p. m„ Room 101, President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. Mac-
Donald; treasurer, Wm. Mottfshaw, Tel.
Say. 483 (Yale Hotel).
and Joiners, Local No. 117—Meets
Monday of each week, I p.m. Executive
committee meeta every Friday, I p.m.
President, A. Richmond; recording secretary, A. Paine; flnanolal aeeretary, L.
H, Burnham. Room 104.   Sey. 1880.
' .and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, Hat and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President.
Wm. Robertson: recording aeeretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colllngwood Eaat; flnancta.
secretary, J, A. Dickenson, South Von-
couver P. O.; treasurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage.
—Meeta every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, Jamea Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
216,   Sey. 8718.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 1*4—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m
President, F. Barclay. 163 Cordova East:
secretary, A. Fraser. 1161 Howe Street.
Meeta flrst Tuesday, each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J. Craig; secretary, J. C. Peuser, Kurts Cigar Factory:
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman. J. P. Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver. Local sec-treaa., A. T. Oberg,
Box 432, or 1003 Burrard atreet.	
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President, W, P. Carr; vlce-pres-
Idont, Fred Fuller: recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 6 Lome street east; flnanolal secretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary. Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
Jones, Room 207. Labor Temple.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Eat-
lnghauaen. Room 202.    Sey. 2348.	
Meeta second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm, Thompson: financial aeeretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O,
Hettler. 436 Dufferin atreet Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening, 188 Water atreet.
President, B. Hughes; secretary, Thomas
Nixon. 133 Water atreet	
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt Thompson; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary,
,T. H. McVety.   Sey. 1310.
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry: financial secretary, P. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P, O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J, Nagle.
every Tuesday,  8  p.m.. Room 221.
President,   T.   Burkes;   secretary,  Mike
Knelling, 882 Richards street
No. 280—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
p.m., Room 802. Preaident H. Spear:
recording secretary, Jaa. Jamleson, 121
Drake street; flnanolal aeeretary, Ed,
Branch—Meeta second and. fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President Fred Rumble; corresponds- secretary, James Ray-
burn; flananclal aeeretary. Wm. Jardlne.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, aecond and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and flrat
and third Wednesdays. 8 p.m. Preaident,
H. Schofleld; recording aeeretary. Albert V. Lofting, Box 18, City Heights
P.O.; financial aeeretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive. 	
The Banner Is leased to note the
steady Improvement made In every
successive Issue of the British Columbia Federationist. Editor Pettlplece
runs a "real paper" and writes "real
stuff" Into lt, and you don't have to
lose any time wondering -what It
stands for, either. We trust'the Federatlonist may have a long career and
for years to come keep on the job ripping them up tbe back.—Industrial
Banner, London, Ont
Victoria, B. C—Shipping good; few
members ashore. Vancouver, B. C—
Good. Tacoma, Wash.—Good; men
scarce. Seattle, Wash.—Medium.
Port Towniend, Wash.—Poor; prospects uncertain; Aberdeen, Wash.—
Shipping and prospects uncertain.
Portland, Ore.—Poor; prospects uncertain. Eureka, Cal,—Fair; prospects
uncertain. San Pedro, Cal.—Shipping
and prospects good. San Francisco,
Cal.—No report. Honolulu, H. I.—
Dull; prospect* poor.
A necessary corollary of tbe unification of trades Is tbe unification of
178—Meetings held flrst Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. Praaldant, H. Nord-
land; secretary, W. W. Hooken, P;0. Box
60S; financial aeeretary, L. Waklay, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays eaoh month, 8 p.m. Preaident R. Neville; secretary, P. O. Hosuke,
Suits 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
Meeta last Sunday each month, 2:80
p.m. President, W. S. Armstrong; vloe-
presldent O. W. Palmer: secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box II,
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West
Phose Bey, 965
The only house in town which
SO Year Old Brandy
Good* Delivered Free te all
part* of the city
LooK at the Label
•J It is not a Jaeger Shirt unless it bears the name. Because of its lasting quality and
distinct style of fabric and
colorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
T. B. Cuthbertson
345 Hasting* W.  MO Granville
619 Hasting* W.
The Man lo Puts Wear Before
Style in His Shoes
is apt to get the advantage of a moderate
price instead of a high one, provided he
chooses his store right. A man would be
well advised to come here and see these
shoes we have just unpacked.   They are
not deficient in good looks but their chief
interest lies in the fact that each pair can say "ram solid leather
and made to give good service."
$2.35 for men's box calf bluchers with standard screwed and
sewn soles, leather lined, broad, easy laat.
*>3.00 for men's velour calf bluchers with stout sewn soles.
93.00 for Men's Russia calf bluchers with sewn soles.
Boy's Box Calf Bluchers; Solid Wear, suitable for everyday or best.
Sizes 1 to 5 for $1.65      Sizes 11 to 13 for $1.35
Sizes 8 to 101-2 for fl.OO
David Spencer, Ltd.
la Honest Clothing |
It stands for peal value ln quality of cloth trimmings and workmanship—and Is guaranteed to keep
Its shape.
Just take a look at your own.
Does It fit on the Shoulders and
around the collar? Has It held Its
proper shape ln front? That Is
where Oampbslls Clothing stands ln
a class by Itself,   3brt tu ahoy you>
The Campbell Clothing Man
23 Hastings Street East
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
That is Different
We Print the B. C. Federationut
Hlgh-Clq»8 Commercial
and Publication Printers
E. T. Kingsley
Labor (TempIe, Entrance on Homer St.
and Heavy Horses
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"The Bloyole with ttat BspnUtlon"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
Phons isymonr 7803
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor temple Phons Sev. 440*
1 OF.
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine. 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll
The People's Bookstore
152 Cordova W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Callings and Repairs Kepi
, in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Ask Tom Barbae te*
That delightfully refreshing-attar
shave cream.
■. o. laaaaa* tromr oo.
WholaaaU ana Satan.
 nuu ■ejMQnr 4*01
When You Do Drink Beer
Of America &*>
temuMT amoi Hiaaatstsri.i* no*
See that it it drawn (rom a keg bearing
this label
See that this Label it Sewed
in the Pockeli
tj It Standi for all that Union
Labor Standi (or.'
Week End Trips
Every worklngman needs rest and change. It's true he can't
take a winter trip to Southern California or-an extended trip
to the resorts in the rookies, but he should, as for as his time
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It il to meet the wotkingman't case that the B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged (or week-end trips, at reduced rates, over the Fraser
WtMey division of ill lines during ihe summer.  Special tickets on
irday and Sunday, good to return Monday.
Jrip from Vancouver Is only $2.80
fcave Carrall Street nation at 8:30 a.m.; 12:15 and 5
m. Trafes returning from Chlwack are to timed that the
und trip ma* be made in a day with a stopover of several hours
MVtvn**-"-'*** ^mmmmm\
Come and View New Arrivals in Women's Tailored
Advance fall atylaa an now
oa tlaplay la tha Salt Depart.
meat,   may new features at*
to aa fauna. The salts an
nther varied In atylaa, aoata
favortor tha a* aad st-lnh
l*a»th. Ihe haltM style la
mnoh la avtaanca as* ths oat-
away aim tall* •twin, betaf
•apeouuiyjrooa for taUTalraaar
afnraa. Aa sUrta retain the
aftelfht line alaot even when
pleat* an tntamdusd. The
wlath of shirts haa notehaand
materially, tat ths BhSS an
worn from oa* to two laohea
longer. All tha sow materlaS
are to bo fonaV tat IhoriW
bee weaves an nomtloe la the
heavier fabrlea. Thoy soma to
vol; aorta ■eafort oerta aaa
beavj oorae* ohovtots. all
diagonal.   AU diagonal weave*
ale. In oolon navy agalnleade
bnt lobaooo and aoalbrowB an
wau thought of, aad th*
twaada show a eomMaatum of
several colon.
$30, $35, $40, $45
UP TO $65.00
tfnriHon Srpbafc, Hfortfei.
575 Granville Street      Vancouoet, B. C.
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open  from  0  a. m.   to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
For Hie best union-made
in Vancouver try
Labor Temple Tailor
PatronizeHdme Industry
BY ASKING   -^B%>lh       ON YOUR
FOR THIS    ^SglllP^      PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
We Have Buyers for All Kinds of
Call at office, or phone Sey. 1589 for appointment
»«******■ ******'— —■——a—at—
6 Winch Building, Vancouver, B.C.
Boys' and Men's   '$%&'*$*•&
CLOTHING       ***
30M1J Hastings
Stmt West
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two yean; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
yean,, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual initalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria -
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce
Office: 602-610
Vancouver, B.C.        Phoni
June* Keir Hardie, M.P. fa British Parliament, TtlU of
the Plan*.
Jaa. Keir Hardle, M. P., In an Inter
view at Toronto on Monday, said:
"So strongly do we ot tne Labor
party (eel on the. matter ot war, tbat
we are now engaged In an effort to or
ganlze the working class. Feeling Hi
all countries Is at such an extent tbat
II every means tall In averting war,
we are.prepared to organise a revolutionary strike, which would necessitate tbe presence ot the armies at
iiome and prevent the! being sent out
to slaughter each other In a quarrel
whleh is not theirs."
He roundly denounced jlngolsts and
the dangerous German .war scare.
James Keir Hardle 1* leader ot the Independent labor party ln the British
house ot commons, and was on hi*
way to the Dominion Trade* Congre**
at Ouelph aB' the fraternal delegate
from the British labor organisations.
■ "I will lay. special emphasis ln my
utterance* at Ouelph and other place*
on the need ot the Canadian workmen being on their guard against being drawn into the maelstrom of militarism1," he said.
"Several of my colleagues tn par
llament have been endeavoring to extend to Canada the alleged antagonism
between Germany and ourselves. I say
in the most emphatic manner that outside of the vested Interests and our
bankrupt party politician*, there 1* no
desire for war ln either country."
City Haa the One and Only Chance
on False Greek for Industrie*.
There Is quite an agitation going
on In Grand View and the eaat end of
the city to keep the railroad* from
corralling the whole waterfront at
the upper end of False Creen. Charles
Reed at a meeting the other night, at
which he presided, was very emphatic on this question. "I have yet
to see a corporation of any kind that
once had its tentacles on a part of a
city, would release them unless the
city paid liberally for lt," he said.
"They employ the most skilled counsel
possible and bottle, tbe district up,
body and soul. The Great Northern
could have done all the work they
have done In thirty days, despite the
agreement with the city—and yet
would like to see the city get any
Judgment from them. The Canadian
Northern is a Canadian road, but it
Is one or two other things besides;
lt will fool anybody lt can. It is the
greatest real estate booster In Canada. They have divisional points all
over God's creation. The B. C, B.
Railway recently paid $60,000 an acre
for the Royal City Hills site, where
the water Is twice as deep as at the
False Creek head. But they know
what they are doing. When the Canadian Northern or the B. C. E. Railway has to pay for their terminals they
hesitate to pay tor It.. If the Canadian
Northern goes somewhere else I don't
think we need weep about lt. I would
a great deal rather see an American
road come ln and pay it* way than a
Canadian road enter free of charge.
The fact that industries are looking for
sites here and cannot get ln is the
greatest knock the city can get. Just
now we have a payroll that depends
upon development work. Wbat will
happen when that work stops? All
this construction and clearing work
is merely temporary. Once done we
must have something for these men
to do. Our only big Industry now Is
lumber. We have gone as rapidly as
possible in real estate. We must do
something. The only thing to do Is
to have a permanent payroll. We
have got tbe one and only chance In
False Creek. We could place scores
of little Industries there that would
employ ten to fifty men each. I would
keep part ot It as a waterway for the
mosquito fleet, for the time Ib coming when Burrard Inlet will all be
given over to tbe transpacific liners,"
Labor Member on the Aldermanlc Board,
City of Edmonton.
Tha county of Stormont In old
Ontario loat a worthy aon and
tha Waat gained a live wire when
Joseph A. Clarke, now alderman
in Edmonton, caught the gold lever, became Infected with tne lure
of the Klondike and Joined In the
stampede of 'the' Yukon ln 1897.
He waa then a law Btudent ln
Brockvllle, a crack football and
lacrosse player and a lew other
things. He remained ln the Klondike eleven years, took part tn.pol-
itica, ran against lion. J. H, Rosa,
present-senator, - for member of
parliament, and, as the alderman
aaya himself, he got everything
but money In the gold country.
Bight after he waa defeated by
Mr. Rosa he waa elected as senior
member for Dawson city, tn the
Yukon counoll. Once more he ran
tor parliament, thla time being
aandwlohed tn with a four-handed
contest, ln which F. T. Congdon
won out. After that Mr. Clarke
left for Edmonton, where he took
up the practice of law and haa
since resided. At the municipal
convention held recently at Windsor, Ont, he read the following
paper on single tax:
Laborers on O. T. P. Try to Reach
D. Young, who has been freighting
on the Fraser river for tbe past six
months, arrived at Edmonton on Monday and report* that the Grand Canyon
on the Fraser river, west of Tete
Jaune Cache, is a veritable death trap,
that twenty-five bodies have been recovered from the Fraser river within
the past few days, all of them taken
out of the water between tbe Grand
Canyon and Fort George, and that all
were bodies of fen who had been
working in the railway construction
camps, and leaving dissatisfied, found
this the only way ln which, without
putting themselves to greater expense
than they could afford, they could
reach civilization.
"Nothing has been done, so far as I
know, to report these discoveries to
the police," Mr. Young declared. "Re
ports came up the river when I was at
Canyon and though lt Is a matter of
common knowledge all along to Fort
George, so far as I can learn, nothing
has been done.
Young states that on his last trip
through the Canyon he learned of
other drownings. "All I was able to
find out was tbat foreigners had been
knocked off rafts with an oar, that
they had come up once, and then been
finally swept away ln a whirlpool. J
That was in the lower canyon. During our last trip down we timed our
selves from when we struck the drop
until our, arrival at the lower end ot
tbe canyon, three-quarters of a mile
away. We were exactly two minutes
In going through,"
Mr. Young Is convinced tbat the dissatisfaction now prevalent among the
3,000 men at work on the O. T. P. Rail-
\way from the eastern end will culminate In a strike in the very near future. The men strongly object to the
system by which they become Indebted to the company to tbe tune of ISO or
160 on their arrival In camp, ln addition to this, they make many other
complaints against the contractors.
Young himself left the company's ser-
because they reduced bis pay
im So cents an hour to 40 cent* a
short time ago. He Is going back Into
the mountains to set up ln business
for himself.
Superintendent Campbell of the provincial police force states that he has
received no reports from his men of
the finding of the numerous bodies
wblch were mentioned In a dispatch
from Edmonton a* having been found
In th* Grand Canyon..
At the municipal convention lately
held at Windsor, Out, Aid. Joseph A.
Clarke, of Edmonton, read the following paper on "Taxation," In which he
showed how, the land tax plan worked
out in Mb city. ' It Is as follows:
I fully appreciate tbat the predominant reason why 1 should be elected,
or requested, to deliver a paper on
this subject Is that 1 come from a
city that Is supposed to be the pioneer
single tax city ot Canada, and therefore on any new phase or philosophy
sn this burning subject I should be
expected to have something absolute
ly new to say. With this feeling ;
have undertaken this paper, assured
in advance that ln most respects you
will be disappointed. Notwithstanding
general belief, Edmonton is not a single tax city, and no city under our
form of government could by any
stretch of its charter be made a single
tax city, but as a city wblch has developed Its land tax to the fullest extent, and much further than other cities have done, lt may be Bald to come
nearest of any city In Canada to being
a single tax city. Students of single
tax philosophy will know and realise
once the question Is raised, that by
the very nature of circumstances a
city within Itself cannot apply the
principle of single tax. Furthermore,
the principle of single tax is that tbe
community-created value should be retained, If not lu whole, then ln part,
by the community which created lt,
to a sufficient extent to defray tbe
entire expenses of government. To
understand thoroughly the point of
view which Inspires this statement,
we must get back to the first principle, that outside of the natural
value of any uninhabited,
Wild and Undeveloped Land,
land has absolutely no value except
that caused by the people who Inhabit
the land or other land adjacent thereto. If the condition should arise or today existed that our federal, provincial and municipal governments were
to abolish all other taxation and
were to take all the money required
for tbe purposes of all government
out of the community-created value
of land, then you would have single
tax, provided that we took all of this
community-created value, Anything
short of that constitutes a condition
inconsistent with single tax. This
gathering Is of course aware, that the
city of Edmonton has not single tax;
that no country in the world has, although there has been a good deal
read and spoken about Lloyd George
and bis land taxation In Great Britain.
But all of these rolled together are
only a starter of what may some day
be expected, when the 'community
would retain all value which It creates. Nor Is the single tax limited
only to taxation ot land. It might and
undoubtedly would Include taxation of
franchises, as these Important adjuncts   of   our   modern   civilisation
have no value except the community-
created value. In illustration of this
principle, In the province of Alberta
the taxation of franchises Is arrived
at by subtracting th* physical assets
from the actual itock value of the
market securities. The difference 1*
the franchise value.' Ihe province of
Alberta permit* It* munlelpalltlei no
other source of taxation except land
taxation and franchise taxation
above described, I. e., taxation upon
community-created value alone. In
order to give present conditions an
opportunity to adjust themselves, It
is stipulated that all other taxation
now In force must be
Rndueed 25 Per Cent Each Y*ar,
thu* providing absolute abolishment
In four yean, from the lastseeslon of
tbe provincial legislature. Those who
have followed tbe Lloyd- George development of taxation In Great Britain
will recognise bis object. Lloyd
George tax** a varying percentage upon tbe Increment on land according
to location. Undoubtedly it I* hi* Intention to ultimately (else tbe entire
Increment for the purposes of tbe
state. They say that open confession
is good for the *oul, and I may a* wall
candidly admit that It I* a matter of
very grave doubt whether the people
who inaugurated the system of land
tax in vogue In Edmonton had any
Idea of single tax or of th* fundamental economle* upon whloh It I*
based, when they established the land
tax which has made Edmonton famous; and whether It wa* tha Intention or thought of the flrat mover*
of land tax In Edmonton to take th*
flnt (top* toward* single tax, I* very
doubtful, Thl* conoluilon 1* forced
by the fact that all Kinds of license*
on all kind* of businesses w*re retained —restaurant*, barber shops,
poll tax, olgar stand* and a floor
space or business tax. But ln th*
very beginning provision wu mad*
entirely exempting Improvement* on
land (buildings), from taxation. Motive 1* a very important thing, and
at the risk of being Moused of telling
tale* out of school, t must say that
I believe the real reason for th*
adoption of the land tax In Edmonton
was that the mere handful of people
who actually lived In Edmonton at
the time the charter wa* adopted
and therefore controlled the municipal government, owned all the Improvement* In the city, but outsiders,
non-resident*, owned large portions
of land within the city limits, on which
there were no improvements, and the
motive for exempting Improvement*
waa really
A Very Selfish Desire
to saddle the non-resident* with the
greater portion of the taxes, and not
a recognition of the Justice of the land
tax In Itself. As the city grew, the
ideas which thus accidentally were Incorporated Into the charter took firmer
hold, and the business tax, the floor
Lax and the poll tax were driven out
by successive councils, and these licenses and other pernicious forms of
taxation were gradually eliminated or
abolished until this year poll tax,
business tax and floor tax are gone,
and the licenses which have been retained are only for the purpose of
regulating the holders from the
standpoint of health and morality and
public safety, otherwise our taxation
Is only a direct tax upon land (always
excepting, of course, our old friends,
the transient traders and the circuses). The agitation which led to the
abolishment of the uoor space and
business tax came almost entirely
from the retailers and their Bound,
Incontrovertible argument being that,
regardless of whether they were
owners or renters, having paid taxes
on the land, to require them to pay
taxes for the eccupatlon of anything
built upon that land would be charging them taxes twice, which would
be manifestly unjust. This being more
or less a theoretical exposition ot the
peculiar form of taxation that exists In
the city from wblch I come. I have
very little to show of the actual working out of the system, which I believe
we have demonstrated to the proper
system. So far as we have gone,
our light taxation upon land values Is
sufficient oply to meet current expenses and tbe sinking fund for our capital expenditure seems to bare caused
an Increase In
The Value of the Land,
In 1900, with a population ot approximately 13,000, the assessment was $6,-
620,000. in 1908, with a population ot
approximately 20,000, the assessment
waa $22,636,000. In 1912, with a population of approximately 63,000, the assessment is 1123,902,690. That Ib, you
will notice that the property valuation
per capita varies very little. The triumph ot our land tax is found and
most clearly shown In that In 1906 we
had building permits to the amount
of $1,668,069, while in 1912 they will,
reach the unprecedented value of
$16,000,000. If the previous ratio
of building per capita bad continued,
It would have required 80,000 ot a
population to Justify thlB enormous
expenditure In building. We find
that in the flrst year all other taxes
except land taxes are taken off, the
building permits grow to the unheard-of proportions of this year.
All the Benefits of t^operatiOB
Without the Risks of Investment
♦J Study carefully the co-operative proposition bow being carried out by the Honig Store*. This u what it in: Every customer becomes a ehareholder in the profit* by tbe simple action of
dealing at the store*. Honig's divide their profits in two—two
equal halve*—one half goes to the proprietary, one half goes to
the customer*. The customer* are not asked to buy shares or find
any capital or take any risk*. They just purchase the beat and
finest goods to be found in the city at a considerable reduction
on the prices charged by most stores and with eaoh purchase *
oheok showing the amount expended is handed them. These
check* should be kept, they show the amount upon whioh the
customer'* dividend is payable. Ask for farther particulars of
this great oo-operative scheme from the store management, or
any sales clerk. Ask, too, for full particulars of the      '
Deposit System SUISSE
to customers, aa it ensures delivery without any trouble.
TELEPHONE  SEYMOUR 8472 and U1%\0   ||
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
BrigM and Ml tatters I tophi, Butty ui
Tans If You Prefer    |        Tennis Shoes
Opposite the City Hal
Namad Shooa Ar*> rr*ctw*>ntl>
M*tds> In Non-Union ficlTl—
no matter what it* nam*, unless it bears a
plain and rsadsble Iraprssslon of thi* Stamp.
All shoes without th* Union Stamp sre
always Non-Union.
Boot OA Shoo Workers' Unto**
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobln, Pre*.    C. L. Balna, gee.-Tre*s.
Honest Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshop* has one inevitable result
THE SHOE TTT^^^%¥%   Look for the
specialist    yy   ^oaj^kj e\\*w   Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
Oars in More Deplorable Condition—By Irony of Fate Striken Defeat Selves.
Evidence is being uncovered by officials of the western federation of railway federations showing that the
strike-bound Harriman lines, bave con-
santly been getting assistance from
the other roads and tbat lt is this timely aid wblch has enabled them to light
the 38,000 shopfen for a period of one
year. Already enough facts have been
collected to prove beyond a doubt, according to officials of the federation,
that the railroads west of Chicago
have a secret understanding and hope
by concerted action to demolish the
Harriman federations and the Federation of Federations.
In this gigantic conspiracy the railroads are trying to set the unions
against each other so as to prevent
them from combining against their
common enemy—the railroad trust.
Freight cars owned by one road often
have to be hauled over some other
road to reach their final destination,
But the other road, under ordinary circumstances, will not accept a car unless It Is In good condition. If It gets
out of condition while on the "foreign"
road lt must be repaired by tbat road
and returned to the road which owns
it ln as good condition as It was received:
Since the strike began, however, the
road* west of Chicago hare been ac
cepting Harriman cars In deplorable
condition, so badly dilapidated, ln
fact, ln many caseB, that the Harriman engines could hardly drag tbem
over to the "foreign" road. Ordinarily
the "foreign" road's Inspectors woula
have rejected cars ln such condition,
but now they have orders to keep the
bars down for all Harriman cars so
that they may be repaired. By a
strange Irony of fate some of the strikers who have found employment on
the other roads have been compelled
to repair Harriman cars, thus helping
to defeat themselves and the unions
to which they belong.
Syndicalism was crushingly defeated at the Trades Union Congress at
Newport, Bug., last Friday, by the adoption by an overwhelming majority
of a resolution pledging the support
of the Independent working class of
Oreat Britain to political action for a
more equable share of wealth of the
country. Syndicalism Is the most discussed feature of the present Socialism. It Is a movement tor the placing
of means of production, such as factories, mines and railways under the
direction of the workmen themselveB.
Delegates representing 1,076,910 workers are In attendance upon the congress. In spite of the stormy year
labor has experienced, the number of
members of the affiliated unions represented In the present congress is
S4.870 more than the total of last year.
Although lt is said that the treasuries
of the unions are almost depleted, the
figures given above Is meant to Indicate that the unions are forging ahead,
"Work with the President and
the President works with you"
maiden! luapendere Ouatantasd
The Beer Without
a R
The Vancouver Breweries
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.    A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
The Fort Fraser
—will give reliable information regarding the Fort Frater District, Fort
Fraser the metropolis of ihe interior of British Columbia. The interior of
this great Province will pour out its virgin wealth to its first settler*. Farm
lands, town lots or business opportunities. Sawmill, Government Buildings,
Bank, Store, Hotel and other buildings now built or under construction.
Railway grading. Transcontinental line next year. Write
W. A. MATHESON SeoW P.O. Box 1756
.—  Vancouver, B. 0.
It has been suggested that we
print a card, 11x14 inches,
setting forth the superiority
Whale Brand
"Site,    Strength,   Endurance"
To the wage-worker who will
send ub the best "copy" for
the proposed card, we will
give a prize of $5 in cash.
Answers to be mailed
not later than Sept 30
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
You are hereby Invited to visit our
new demonstrating rooms at 843 Granville, and see the 25-horsepower TALBOT BOZLHB In operation. It you have
already seen the holler you must know
that we have a proposition which la revolutionising steam and Is bound to make
big money for all who participate ln the
development of this company. If you
iiave not seen the boiler you owe lt to
yourself to at least Investigate. A description in print of the advantages of
i .   ■
over all other
boilers would sound like a fairy tale.
Pay ub a visit and have them explained
In person. It will be well worth your
time and trouble to just see a boiler
which has all its water on top and all
the steam at the bottom, next to the
firebox, where it belongs. Mention this
paper when you call. There Is a reason,
KKMEMBE7R, we are still selling
stock at par, $1.00 per share. Get at
least a small block before it advances In
price. We give you terms which will
pleiise you,
843 OruviUe ItrMt
Wage-Workers' Forum
Union desire to
II known to ell concerned
the   .franklin  Orchestra  Is
and not entitled to the
patronage of unionists.
We can furnish! Won't you u
YOUR HOME w tb'"'1
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
For Expert il
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hustings St. Went
noaeaad* ot Tanoonvar eltunms
hav. ban eared, sal oan testify to
Because Llquil Sulpuhr la the;
greatest known blool pudlfler of
the century. Every one. knows that
sulphur Is good for the entire system. Almost every one has taken
sulphur In some form or another.
Gut Is It known to you that sulphur In Its powdered form cannot
bo assimilated into the blool
through the stomach? If the stomach cannot dissolve sulphur, how
can the blood be purified? Liquid
Sulphur is already dissolved, Is ln
fact, ready for the stomach to distribute through the system. Liquid
Sulphur goes direct to the seat
of the trouble, Impure blood, attacks and drives out of the entire
system all germs and Impurities.
It removes the cause and permanently cures.
If your druggist cannot supply
you, we will send by mall to any
address, on receipt of prlco 50c
and 11.00 at our risk.
Prepared only by
506  IMTtn ST.,
Vancouver  B. O,
tion will soon start. Buy now before
prices Jump; four Jurgo lots left; only
a block from waterfront, right ut Second Narrows; $5Jin ench; quarter cauli,
balance 0, 12, 18 months. What will
these he worth when building begins?
Whltaker & Whltaker, The North Vancouver .Experts, 430 Howe street, Vuti_
Maker,   of Fiat   PotliailiU
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
rOB I ALE.—natulan Olaat Mar..; two
months  old;   thoroughbred;   II  each.
Apply  W.  13.   Jonas,   Brockton  Point
. Lighthouse or V. O. Box 27, City.
Cleaned, Blocked. Dykd
|333 Richard, stj Hat Hospital
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miner*' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
WAKTTSD— Hoys to deliver The Federatlonist. Good hoys cun earn money
every Saturday morning. Call at 525
Pender Lane.
David Wadds
25 Hastings Street East
Phone Seymour 2970
The Toronto journeyman tailors'
strike Is still and most emphatically
"on." The strikers still on the payroll
receive their envelope regularly, and
the union certainly has no Intention of
declaring the strike "off," particularly In view of the fact that the largest
and most Important shops are now
working under the new agreement
with the union,
To Editor B. C. Federationist:—
Sir—I am afraid that Mr. Saxby
is assuming that I said or meant considerably more than 1 actually did.
When stating that the "membership
of the Federation was no further advanced in economic intelligence,"
etc., I did not imply that every individual member was ln such a condition of mental inertia. I spoke of the
membership as a whole. We can only
Judge of the intelligence of any mass
of the people by the manner in which
they use any power which is In their
possession. The majority of the members of the Federation possess the
franchise and the political faith of the
majority of the citizens elected to the
legislative halls Is proof that they
have not used this franchise Intelligently. The fact that a small percentage of the members of the Federation
are aware of their position in society
does not affect my statement with regard to the membership as a whole.
With reference to the platform of
the S. P. of C. Mr. Saxby must remember that I did not claim any Infallibility ln connection with It. The letter from Mr. McVety in the current is-
use Is a full explanation of my statement In that connection.
I must admit, Mr. Editor, that tbe
statement re the class consciousness
of Mr Saxby was used only with the
Idea of ensuring a reply.
The reforms mentioned by Mr. Saxby have not, contrary to his statement,
been, wrung from the capitalist governments by the power of organised
labor, but by reason of the evolution
of the machinery of production, which,
owing to its constant displacing of labor power, has Increased the Intensity
of the struggle for existence amongst'
the proletariat to such an extent that
lt has become necessary to grant palliatives to sections of the workers
In order to make their slavery more
palatable. To others, ln order to ensure themselves against a deficiency
of efficient slaves, and mainly In an
endeavor to stave off the approaching
revolution. I am not dealing with the
decrease ln the real wage from 1830,
but the decrease ln the real wage
since 1900. The fact that the condition of the working class Improved
during the latter half of the last century does not alter the tact that tor
the past ten years the condition of
the working class has grown steadily
The Same cause which forced the
education of the working class and a
consequent demand for Improved conditions Is now bringing about the further degradation of that class, and
that Is the evolution of the machine.
With regard to the effect of tbe
adoption of an eight-hour day or less,
Marx writes, page 440, "Capital": The
first effect of shortening the work day
results from the self-evident law, that
the efficiency ot labor power Is ln an
Inverse ratio to tbe duration of its
Expenditure. Hence, within certain
limits, what is lost by shortening the
duration Is gained by the Increasing
tension of labor power, and further, on
page 447, "Capital": "So soon as the
gradually surging revolt of the working class compelled parliament to
shorten compulsorlly the hours of labor, and to begin by Imposing a nor
mal working day on factories proper,
so soon consequently as an increased
production of surplus value by a prolongation of the working day was once
for all put a stop to, from that mo
ment capital threw itself with all its
might Into the production ot relative
surplus value, by hastening the further Improvement of machinery." One
only needs to note the countries where
most of these reforms are ln effect In
order to perceive to what extent, If
any, the workers of those countries
are benefited.
I am sincerely sorry that Mr. Saxby,
who Is evidently a student ot the Socialist philosophy, does not realise
that support gained by means of a
platform of reform measures, is Invariably lost when the same If not
more drastic reforms are promised by
one of the capitalist parties. There
has been much criticism ot my objections to the "Federation" becoming a
political party. Now, Mr. Editor, I
would like to hear reasons why a new
political party should be formed for
the purpose of representing labor.
Vancouver, B. C, Sept. 12, 1912.
To Editor B. C. Federationist:—
Sir—I understand the object of the
B. C. Federation to be the bringing together of all the different unions in
B. C. Into one organisation or affiliation, thereby strengthening the resisting power of labor against the encroachments and effects of this cheap
wage-system. All men and women,
whatever their political views may be,
are agreed that more wages are good
for them and less wages the reverse.
Therefore the Federation to go Into
politics would be to alienate all its
members who may oe opposed to Its
particular politics, and further It
would add another political party to
those already In B. C, and to that
extent tend to divide the workers more
than ever at the ballot box,
The well being of the working class
is measured by the amount of com.
modltles they oan purchase with their
wages, and as statistics show that that
Wear Leader
It helps you to be well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and stiff hats of
every conceivable style
and color are here at a
saving to yourself of a
dollar to a dollar and a
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
amount Is growing slowly but surely
less, it stands to reason that this system called capitalism can only give
to the workers an "ever-increasing
measure of misery and degradation."
That Is why the Socialist Party of
Canada stands for the abolition of the
wage system and I could never understand why any party pretending to
represent tbe true interest of the working class can stand for anything else.
We have an object lesson just now
in the United States of a party of capitalists standing for everything in the
platform of the Socialist party of that
country except Socialism. The result
will be that terrible Teddy will poll
all the votes of thOBe who have been
educated up to tbe point of demanding
reforms and the Socialist vote next
November will not he greater than
four years ago. While If the Socialist
party of tbat country had "stuck to
Its last" and in and out of season advocated the ending ot human slavery,
the coming of another party on the
scene would have made no difference.
Therefore I am much surprised at
Brother Jordan of Nanalfo writing as
be does about the Western Clarion
not being In touch with the working
man. That Is evidenced by the fact
that the workers of B. C. Insist on voting for a continuation of a system
which Is giving them all It can give
them and much more at time goes
by. This, however, Is not the fault
of the Western Clarion. Bro. Jordan
might have added that the capitalist
press Is In touch with the working
man and "touch" him they do, good
and plenty. Education and still more
education as to their position in society is what the worker needs, minus
fads and fancies of any sort, however
well meant
It Is also rather unfortunate for the
working class that the platform of the
Sociality Party of Canada Is not their
gospel, If lt were (and I am sure Bro,
Jordan will agree with me ln this)
there would soon be something worth
while doing.
Another writer (Mr. Saxby) In last
week's Issue ot the Federationist,
quotes a part of Marx where he says
that "the general tendency ot the capitalist system is not to raise, but to
sink wages." And he goes on to wrongly Infer that the Socialist Party of
Canada teaches the workers that they
"ought to renounce their resistance
against the encroachment of capital."
What the Socialist party platform
really says Is this and Mr. Saxby
knows It. It points out to the workers
"That as long as the capitalist class
remain In possession of the reins of
government all the power of the state
will be used to protect and defend
their (capitalist) property rights ln the
means of wealth production and their
control of the products of labor." The
platform then goes'on to "Call upon all
workers to organize (politically) for
the purpose of capturing the government and enforcing the economic programme of the working class." Karl
Marx says tbe same and Mr. Saxby
should have added to his quotation
Marx' words, which are as follows:
"Instead of a fair day's pay for a fair
day's work, the working class should
Inscribe on its banner the revolutionary watchword, 'The abolition of the
wage system.'
My advice to the B. C. Federation
of Labor is to continue its work of
federating. My advice Is get the workers in touch with the Western Clarion
and make the platform of the Socialist
Party oc Canada their watchword and
they will then be ready to take the correct line of action when the hour for
freedom strikes.
Vancouver, B. C, Sept 11, 1912.
To Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—
Dear Sir—The belief ot some suffer
Ing early Victorian editor and the
BCheme of the Californlan freak are valuable educational observations for the
publication of which we are Indebted
to Mr. McVety. The opportunity he
has also given us of memorising his
Important opinions calls tor our gratitude and admiration. Modesty Is a
worthy attribute, 'but Mr. McVety
should guard against excess of the
virtue. When he says Bro. Kavanagh's
points are "good and as yet yuan-
swered," he Is too modest ln not
taking credit to himself for having
authoritatively laid It down that the
B. C. Federation have adopted the
principle of socialism.' Mr. Kavanagh
was laboring under the Idea that lt
Bro Kavanagh's point that the Fed-
eratlon Is unfitted to enter politics Is
peculiar In Its effect upon Mr. McVety,
for whilst tt Is "good and unanswered"
he Is Inclined to the be.Het that the B.
C, Federation could adopt a clear plat
form and conduct a better campaign
than the 8. P. C. It Is very thought-
ful of Mr. McVety to advise you, Mr.
Editor, that the discussion should not
be permitted to become entirely foreign to the subject. I am In hearty
agreement with him on that score, Indeed I am convinced that sufficient
freaks are to be found north of the
forty-ninth parallel.   Yours truly,
Vancouver, B, C, Sept 11, 1012
leg and other Injuries received on August 5, 1911. This decision waa rendered by Judge Morrison ln the Supreme Court last Friday.
A. W. Puttee, ex-M.P., editor of the
Winnipeg Voice, left last week on a
two months' trip to his parents ln
England. He was accompanied by
Mrs. and MIbs Puttee.
Francis Nellson, labor member of
parliament in England, will speak on
behalf of the brotherhood movement
next Sunday at 4 p.m. The meeting
will be held ln the First Presbyterian
church, corner Gore avenue and Hastings street.
J. C. Peuser, secretary of the Clgarmakers' Union, No. 356, this city, has
been elected aa a delegate to attend
the convention of the International
Clgarmakers' Union, which will be
opened at Baltimore, Md., on September 17th. The last convention was
held 16 years ago.
The new San Francisco Labor Temple, which will be located at Sixteenth
and Capp streets, will be a live-story
and basement steel frame and reinforced concrete structure, and will
cost 1300,000.
The Ottawa Moulders' Union I* yet
holding out, having turned down an
offer from the foundry owner*, who
promised a nine-hour day the firat of
January. They are yet confident of
finally winning their demand*.  •
By M*c.
Local and Otherwise
Miss Anna Maley Is a socialist can
dldate for governor of the State of
The Upholsterer* will hold a smoker
In the O'Brien Halt on Friday, Sept.
27.   Tickets 60 cents.
E. R. Still will represent the local
Plasterers' Union at the annual convention, whloh will be held at Milwaukee, Wis,, on Sept 30.
The job printing trade In this city
at the present time Is strl6tly on the
"bum." Several printers are out of
The oldest banner carried In the
Labor Day parade at Victoria was
that of Shipwrights and Caulkers'
Union, founded at the Capital City ln
Manager Shafner of the Coquitlam
Shipbuilding and Marine Railway Company leaves here ln a few days for
Nova Scotia, where he will engage 60
experienced ship carpenters to come
to Coquitlam.
Arthur McDonald, of Local No. 617,
of this city, will represent Mb organisation at tbe annual convention of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners, which convenes at Washing-
ton, D. C, on September 17th..
Fishermen at Stewart, B.C., are busy
fishing for cohoe salmon, 16 cents a
fish being paid by tho canners. The
run Is good, and .the men earn from
$10 to $16 every 24 hours.
The Vancouver Bakers Association
Borne days ago petitioned, the city
council to amend the by-law governing the manufacture of bread In the
city. Bakers outside the city limits, lt
appears, may now sell short weight
loaves and go soot-free.
Motorman Alt, Bowers was awarded
$4,000 damages against the B. C. Electric Railway Company tor a broken
Magistrate—Prisoner at the bar:
You are charged with assault and battery; also wrecking the plalntl-'s
place of business, and conducting
yourself in a warlike and disorderly
manner generally. What have you to
say for yourself?
Prisoner—Yer anner: This mon runs
a employment office; an' his sign read,
"Folve Chinamen Wanted," also "No
Irish Need Apply."  An' (spits on his
hands) well, anyway—
Magistrate—Prisoner discharged.
Hobbs—id have you know, sir, that
lots of smart men come from my town,
Dobbs—Yes, I don't doubt It,   Anyone with Intelligence, when they got
tbe chance, would surely come from
"Yes, there's no use talkln,'" declared the chronic kicker, as he re
sumbed his seat on the cracker barrel
and took a fresh chew. "With th'
present high cost o' livln' an' th'
Bcand'lus waste o' good money by th'
wlmmin folks over their stylish togs.
They've gone beyond th' limit. I'll
tell, yo', gentlemen, that we've got
to call a halt an' call lt soon, or the
country will be on the high road to
perdition. Now, jest to show, ye, only
last Friday my wife asked me fer
ha'f a dollar. Saturday night she wants
a dollar. Sunday she wants fifty cents.
Monday morn' she wants seventy-five
cents, an' only this mora' she asks
me—"   .
"What is she doing with this moneyt
Have you asked her how she Is spend'
ing itT"
"Well," drawled the chronic kicker,
as he lowered his voles, "I'll admit I
hain't given her any yet."
The troupe of entertainers at English Bay have been offering prices for
"limericks," and, as we understand it,
the subject must be localised, and
beBldes men folks are barred from participating.   However, lt Is not too late
In the season to have a tew up our
sleeve that we beg leave to submit.
Any young lady of our acquaintance
that can use them ha* our entire permission with our compliments, To our
way of thinking the following ought to
stand ln line for flit prise:
An old maid from Shaughnesay Heights
When went to bed early o' nights
One day at the beach
She gave a loud aoreech—
For aha saw a man swimming ln tights.
Our second offering ought to bring
home the hand-painted cup and saucer
or doormat or—excuse us, but we are
a little hazy as to what the prises are.
Anyway we will take a chance on the
following for second choice:
A young man from far Inverness,
Said the bathing la good hare, I guess,
He went In for a dtp,
But he felt something rip,
And he gave out a cry of distress.
Third and last call:
A young girl by name Ellen Votta,
Said her vision was blurred up ln spots;
Her derangement of sight
Caused her quite a fright—
She got it by "counting the dots."
On one of the tall office buildings
back east when the structural steel
worker* were up about fourteen storeys at noonday lunch one day one of
them lost his balance and fell down a
shaft to the basement and the unfortunate man was killed. The coroner
was Immediately summoned and called
all the men off the building to testify
at the Inquest. A plasterer named
Casey, of pure Hibernian stock, was
eating bis lunch beside the shaft,
through which the luckless man had
fallen, and the Idea of attending the
Inquest caused him considerable uneasiness, as he thought some one was
going to be held responsible for the accident. Almost the entire working
force had testified when the coroner
saw Casey hanging back. "Come here,"
he said, "and tell us what you know."
With faltering step Casey approached
and raised a trembling hand. "On me
oath, yer honor, I'll have to say that
th' man was all right when he passed
Break Your Chains-
and go back
to the land
We Help You to Looate
Homesteads and Pre-Emptions
in British Columbia
Western Farming & Colonization Co.
5 Winoh Building       LIMITED        Vancouver, B.O.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
A Storeful of New Autumn Merchandise  Is Ready to Greet You   Here
Especially attractive are the new
displays of handsome dress fabrics and silks for the new season.
Every wynted weave, every new
weave and every color are well
shown.   A visit to our Daylight
Dress Goods Department on the
■econd floor will interest every
woman who la planning a new
■ult or gown. May we nave the
pleasure of showing you our
handsome stock.
JAMES STARK, limited
WkSmaom »T. win'      litiwi Abbott ana Oanall.
 — AND 	
Building Hardware, General
Hardware, Tools for the Carpenter, Cement Worker, Machinist, Plasterer, Bricklayer
Lawn   Mowers,   Rakes
Spades and Hose and all
requisites to make your
home neat and tidy
7 Heatings Street West
Phone Seymour 634
Simonds Saw
We would Remind You the
Simondi Saw is the Best Saw
that can be Made
Sole Agenti lof Vancouver
111 Halting* II. W.
Phone Seymour 204
Your Appearance
$JI ANY a man has lost
1T1 good opportunities for
advancement in life simply
because he did not dress
well. The price of stylish,
serviceable olothing today
is so little that anyone oan
afford it. If you doubt
this, oome to our store.
We will prove it to your
613 Granville Street
"No politics ln the union," being Interpreted, meaneth, "do not Interfere
with our politics."
■ The Duke ot Connaught provided
Calgary with an excuse tor a high old
time the other day.
Anybody can win, but lt takes a
real man to stand defeat without becoming a sorehead.
A "sober-minded" worklngman, ln
the eyes ot apologists for the present
system, Is one who is intoxicated with
their particular ideas.
A funeral procession, following the
body of an alleged anarchist, was
broken up by Italian troops in Rome
Peoria, 111., will be the meeting
place of the International Association
of Bridge and Structural Iron Worker*, the annual convention opening on
September 16.
Trades unions have made the meeting room, the debating club on economic and social questions; the church
of humanity, In which all races and
creeds meet on equal terms.
A novel strike haa taken place ln
Switzerland, where five of the generals
ln the Swiss army have struck because
they do not regard their annual re-
muneratlon of $700 sufficient wages.
The proposed convention of the International Plumbers and Steamfltters,
which was to have been held at Bos-
ton, Mass., this month, has been postponed Indefinitely.
London underwriters state that the
election of Qovernor Wilson to the V.
S. Presidency Is considered sure,
Judged by premiums, they say, his
chances are 85 per cent. This Is
Socialist sentiment runs high in
Alaska. The aiclallst candidate for
congress In a recent election passed
both the republican and democratic
candidates and came within 200 votes
ot tbe progressive. The most strenuous work of the campaign was done
by Mrs. Lena Morrow Lewis, who
"mushed" over the trails and visited
nearly every camp in the territory.
"Labor Day, Fort William, 1912;
compliments of the Wage-Earner to
subscribers," was the Inscription on a
neat white silk badge sent to the readers of that enterprising paper by the
management, as a souvenir ot the big
Labor Day celebration held there; also
ln connection with a special Labor Day
lsBue of ten pages. Editor Fred Urry
Is to be congratulated on the success
of his undertaking.
President Short, six feet two Inches
ln height and weighs over 200 pounds,
of the building tradeB department of
the Araartsjstr Federation of Labor,
came to town.1***.Saturday and left on
i* HO p. s£4jielthbound train for
a and St Paul on Tuesday,
i .object in vtalllng Vancou-
was delighted^Srttb. tw»'.'
home that the'unlonl*t*>jf Vt
have, and hoped:, that the _
TradeB Council would soot be *bl* to
have their various aflllat«l organisations In keeping with' the bt" "
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
*J When you buy your suits
from us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
*J In dealing with ui you ate
helping yourself in another way,
became you are aiiured ol the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
Where Rente are lower
They  Sell  Cheaper
(Opp.B.&K. Wharf)
When you play Peel Play at lh*
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union
39 Hastings Street East
J. O. Parliament, Prop,
Something New
If you are ruptured you should
have the best, This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Appliance.
Writ* or Call for Information
Private Fitting Room.
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   f»n    594 Richard*
6760        llU.       Street
Wouldn't You Be
angry, if after purchasing
Stove Bedding, Crook-
ery and Furniture elsewhere, you found out you
could' get the same thing*
for a great deal leas at
897 Granville St., Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
NOTICE is hereby given that on and
after October let 1912, shares in the
Vancouver Labor Temple Company, Limited, will be increased from 11.00 to 91.60
per share,
;_ Managing Director.
.unr ltninii iitin  or  nwrt-
vwy wanting down-town headquarters
•an secure free desk room at the Min-
to ,«#bl Room, 784 Main Street


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