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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 6, 1912

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDE8AT
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH. .
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND R C. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
FIFTH YEAB. No. 87.
VANCOUVER, B. C,,J?Bit»&Y, DECEMBER 6,1912.
(SEEPAGES)
ALARMING NUMBER OF DANGEROUS
FIRE TRAPS HARBORED IN THIS GITY
r   Are tbe big apartment bouses ot this
i  ty safe?  That Is a question whloh
' J  I agitating many o( tbe tenants, as
.' S  rell as Insurance agents and the Ire
o   lepaitmeat lately.
, «"* / "Vancouver has' never had a great
r   Are disaster with a heavy loss ot lite,"
,' $   said a leading Insurance agent, "but
J    the conditions are ripe for It, and un-
$    less something Is done to Improve
i them It may occur any time.   Host of
the tenants of these houses are living
. In blissful Ignorance of tbelr danger,
but others tell me that they do not (eel
sate, and are thinking of moving unless tbe means of escape are Improved
and the precautions against fire Increased."
Nor Is the Are department lacking ln
vigilance. It Is only recently tbat
Vancouver has become a great city
where a great tre might occur, and
Chief Carlisle Is fully awake to the
danger that has arisen with the building of a  multitude  of apartment
"The conditions-are very bad, and
ln some of these homes the protection
io life Is entirely inadequate," said the
chief. "A disastrous are If fanned by
a good wind, and allowed to get a start
when there are no watchmen about,
might occur shy time. I have two
men now Inspecting apartment houses,
hotels snd rooming houses, snd as
soon as tbelr reports are In I shall recommend that firs escapes be put on
some buildings where there an how
none, and that others be put In a serviceable condition."
In addition to the Inspection which
It being made by the Are department,
tbere has been some Inspection msde
on private account. One of the men
who went about getting a first bind
knowledge of the actual conditions
visited practically all the leading
apartment houses in the West End,
and reported to a prominent Are Insurance company which prefers to be
left out of. the discussion.
"I will give you an example of one
day'a work of Inspection," said thla In
vestigator. "On that day I visited
twelve of the biggest apartment
bouses in the West End, In each of
wblcb there are hundreds of persons
sleeping every night. In ten of these
twelve there are no-night watchmen.
Upon entering each I rang tor tbe
Janitor, and upon meeting him my Invariable question was: "Will you
kindly tell me where I can Ind the
night watchman?' In almost every
case the Janitor thereupon stared at
me in blank amasement, as If doubting my sanity. Upon making sure
thst I wu not dangerous, he ejaculated: 'Night watchman! We have no
night watchman.'"
"The elevators ln these apartment
bonses atop at midnight, and from
that time until Ave to seven in tht
morning tbere lt no protection. Of
court* tht Janitors art there, but
thty presumably sleep at soundly ti
other people. Ont Janitor admitted to
me that a Are had burned In an apartment house on Melville Street for two
hours before it was discovered; but
there wss not much thAammable ma-
' ttrlal near by, and lt made but little
headway, so that It was easily extinguished."
' A representative ot a prominent Are
Insurance company said: "I am not
directing my criticism against any
particular person or house, but thlt It
a serious matter which In the rush of
business hu been neglected. In two
fashionable apartments, for example,
there Is only, one Are escape each, and
thlt in both cases la located away at
tbe rear of the building. As everyone
knows elevator shafts and open stair
ways are regular flues when a big Are
gets started. If such a Are occurred
In olther of these buildings, It might
cut off all meant of escape for those
is tbe front."
"Nor.are these the only' dangers.
In tht case of one big house the Are
escapes are located In the area ways
at the back of the building, and these
area ways extend In about JO feet almost to the center ot the building,
while the ways on both tides are dot
ted with windows having wooden
frames. In case* of a big Are these
wooden frames would readily burn,
tht gists' would fall out, and the rush
of flames from tht windows might
heat tbe area ways or courts so that
escape would be Impossible. A Are
escape never ought to be put In an
area way or alley way, or anywhere
but on tbe street tide ot the building."
"In another houtt tht Are escapes
art at the Innermost part of these
courtt about IS feet In from tht back
of the building, and the courts tbem-t)
selves tre only about. 6 feet wide,
lined with windows, so that they would,
under right conditions, heat to a burning point In almost no time. Indeed
there Ib a row of Windows from top
to bottom right back of the Are escape
Itrelf, and as these are large and not
safeguarded with wire gists, a rush of
dames from them could easily out off
all means ot escape. Still another
house has Its Are escape In an alley
way about 8 feet wide right next to a
high wooden house. If the latter were
to burn and the wind drive tbe Are
Into the apartment houtt, the Are
escape would be useless."
"In one building tbe Are escapes are
In the area ways, which are about 20
feet deep. At the bottom of each of
these Is a sort of a basement, which
would Impede hurried escape, One of
the Are escapes would land a person
In this sort of basement with a wall
4 or 5 feet high In .front of bim; and
the other would land bim On top of a
roof about 8 feet above the ground.
Even If the Are escape was not. surrounded with Aamet from tbe windows
of the court, one would have to either
Jump'or climb after getting to the
bottom of It." .
"I am not criticising these particular
buildings. They are as good as the
others, and a good deal better than
tome others. • It it a general danger,
and many others might be mentioned.
One court ts a frame building with
brick veneer, and even the elevators
run In wooden casements, These, ln
case of Are, would convey the Aamea
to every part ot the building without
delay. Then an, however, Ave stand-
pipes, and tht Are escapes are properly located on the outside of the
building."..
"Indeed, lt Is quite common here for
the elevators to run in wooden casements, which would render them en
tlrely useless at a means of escape
should s Are happen to occur any.
when near the elevator shaft.. What
ts still worse, Is that at the top of many
of the elevator shafts are wooden
courts, to which the elevators are attached. Then might readily burn
and render the elevators wholly useless. Moreover, many of tbe court
walls are built of wood covered with
tin, and while this would ward off
sparks, It would be no protection
against anal lln. Many big apartments an close to frame hpusei, and
a Are In the latter would make heat
enough to light the wooden court
walls of the apartment houses ln spite
of this tin covering,"
A representative of one of . the
biggest Are Insurance concerns In
western Candda, a man who for years
has' studied building construction as
related to tree, says: "From our point
ot view a wooden apartment house Is
a crime. Even the brick ones are
anything but Areproof. They are what
ts called teml-mlll construction, or
•low burning construction Wt, however, call them fast burning construction because of the way they are
made. The floors are made ot wood,
and usually green two-by-fours are
used, and when these dry there are
cracks between whloh render them
kind,Ing wood."
"The elevators and stain, are wide
opes, so that unlets then are excel-
lent Are escapes and plenty of them,
these buildings are Are traps. Most
of them have standplpet, for tho
simple reason tbat to Install stand-
pipes lqwen the rate for Are Insur-
Winnipeg Lt|er Ttmplt.
The Labor Tempi* Co. at Winnipeg
has declared a real/dividend.
U.S. 8oelmitt Vote Over a Million.
The socialists vote for 1912 In tha
United States now reaches 1,011,(08,
Eh, what?"
A. f>. of Li, Seattle, 1113.
Western unionists will be "delighted" to learn that tbe 1913 convention
of the American Federation of Labor
Ib to meet at Seattle, Wash. It will
be some convention*
Endorse Industrlti Unionism.
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council last weak endorsed Industrial
Unionism—unionism by Industries Instead of by craft—by more than a two
to one vott.
0)10. W. ISAM*
Xsatsaat   Tuoeavsr   total   Sf*.   ISO,
~    Joarasrua tttWMtlSMl latitrt
Pnlon ot tmtrlot.
large apartment house should have:
First, a day watchman and a night
watchman, both of whom are thoroughly familiar with the use of the
Are hose. Seeond, a Are alarm signal
system connecting directly with headquarters. In some of the houses there
an gongs which will ring on different
Soon; but while these would serve to
awaken the Inmates, they would alto
give the Impression that an alarm had
been turned In to the Are department,
when lt had not. Third, there should
be Are escapes at the ends of all the
main halls, especially on the street
sides of the building, where they
could not bo rendered useless. Until
we get these three things 1 am afraid
the word 'Are traps' Is the correct description of many of our big apartment houses."
Labor Ttmplt for Ntlcon,
Nelson unionists are considering the
advisability ot erecting a labor
temple. The Brotherhood of Carpenter! nave taken the Initiative, aid the
central,labor body-will be asked to
name a committee to take up the preliminary work,
Strttt Railway Employees.
The Amalgamated Association of
Street nallway Erdployees stands to
tbe membership of'tht entire American Federation of Labor as 1 to 81
In other words, of (very 83 members
of the A. F. of L, ole Is a member of
the Amalgamattd Association.—Motor-
man and Conductor.
Tho Bank of Montreal Is said to
have made a general Increase In tht
"salaries" of over 1000 men employed
In 146 of Its branches ln Canada, averaging about |100 a year. Qod knows
then was plenty ot room for It.
HERB'S A CHANCE
FOR LOCAL JCLOTHIER
TO |ffT IN RIGHT
There Is k real opening In
Vancouver for some live clothing merchant to stock Union-
made ready-made clothes; one
of the most difficult things to
flnd tn the city. Then are
union manufacturers and there
It no tenable excuse-for the
scarcity, except that there may
be a little more profit in handling the non-union article.
To the flrst merchant that will
put in a stock of Union-made
ready-to-wear clothing Tbe Federatlonist will /contribute 150
worth of advertising space free,
to be used the first month.
Here's a tip tor a live one;
and one that will get the money,
at well as do unionists seeking
the right- brand of clothing
(within reach of wageworkers)
a favor that will be appreciated;
FAILS TO BREAK SPIRIT OF MINERS
Shut Metsl Workers. No. 280.
It Is with regret that we record the
resignation* of our secretary, -James
Jamleson, who It leaving town to
start up tn business for himself In
Kent, Washington. W0 are always
pleased at seeing any one of our
members being able to beat the wage
system, to some extent, and every
memoer of 'Local 280 wishes Bro.
Jamleson success In his venture.
Royal City Municipal Activity.
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council called a mass meeting last
week to select candidates to contest
the forthcoming municipal' election.
Three aldermanic candidates, Messrs.
Aid. Dodd, ex-Ala. Ralph Wilson and
Archie ..ogg, were chosen for nomination; three school trustee candidates,
Messrs R. A. Stoney, president ot tbe
central labor body; F. H. P. Mcintosh
snd Henry C. Chamuerlln wtll be
placed In the field. A campaign committee waa named, and every effort
will be made to elect the whole of the
ticket.
B, C. Royal Labor Commission Not Yet Named
Premier McBride stated over long'distance phone to The Federationist on Monday
last that tie Labor Commission wouldbe announcedthe following day. .But up
to this (Thursday) morning no such announcement had taken place.
Mr. McBride assured The Federatlonist tbat the B. C. Federation of Labor was to be rep-
resented on the proposed Board of Inquiry,
"It the Canadian Collieries
(Dunsmuir) Ltd. will furnish me
employment In connection with
the mlnet la Extension District,
I hereby agree'to work for lt for
two yean from th* 7th day of
November, 1911; otherwise In
all respects upon tht stmt ttrmt
snd conditions and according to
tht system and practice heretofore prevailing at such mines."
Not only mutt the strike-bretkers
replace the locked-out coal mlnen at
Cumberland awl Ladysmlth, who an
battling for the enforcetnint of the
provisions of tbe Coal Mints Regulation Act, hut the above tenss of bond-
He must be agreed to. Anl what the
signing of the above means does not
appear on the not of It, It means a
form of slavery that can only be appreciated by those who have been
through the' milt of experience In the
coal mines of Vancouver Island or
elsewhere when lack of organisation
on tht part of the mlntn obtains.
The locked-out miners an lighting
against great odds; the powers of the
provincial government are all at the
disposal and Peek of the coal company.
The U. M. W. of A. Is paying strike
pay, but lnumuch aa tht. coal company
OWNS everything' In right In and
around the mlnet, Including tht "public" roads, the locked-out miners and
their wires and families an being tut-
Jected to every conceivable tort of Infamy, In order to break the hearts tnd
spirits ot those who dare act like men
and women.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council
It holding a mass meeting on Sunday.
Dec. 8, tn aid of tha lbckedout miners.
LADYSMITH, V. I., Dec. l.-At the
regultr meeting of Local Union No.
2389, U. M. W. of A., held In Union
hall on Wednesday evening, Nov. 27th,
the following members were expelled
for violating their obligation:
Thos. Strang, Oeo. Smith, David
Cordon, Jas. Nelson, Hugh Taylor,
Hugh Davidson, and Jas, Gleason.
We with to deny the reports that
appear In the press from time to time
with regard to the coal production at
Cumberland.
We have lt on tbe authority of Mr.
Parker Williams, M.P.P., wbo spent
considerable time in Cumberland
studying the situation, that than an
only 130 certiAcated mlnen Working
In Cumcerland, and these are nearly
all Chinamen.
We WOnder how 1000 tons per day
LOOAL 1,8.POP 0.TORN8
DOWN REQUEST OF MOTE
WORKERE ON STRIKE
Refused to Lend Imprsas Thstvtr*
Platform for Forty Mlnntss to
•trikori* Rspi-tssotAtivos,
At a business mtttlng of Local No.
I, S:P. of C„ last Tuesday evening, In
thslr headquarters over tht Union  .
Btnk on Hastings Street, Oeo. Petti- .
gnw, International board member of
the United Mine Workert of Amerlcs, .
toting on tht authority of District 28,
embracing the strike tons on Vancouver Island, and upon the advice of
officers  ol  Vincouver Tradei   and
Labor Council, was present.
Org. fettlgrew asked the members
of Local No. 1 to agree to run a Joint
meeting of the Mine Workers snd
Socialist Party In the Empress
Theatre next Sunday evening, with a
view to affording an opportunity tor
tbe woraers of Vancouver to hear tht
cause of the lockout at Cumberland
and Ladysmlth ana a true relation of
the situation to date. Also that Local
No. 1 agree to give the Mine Worers
the theatre tor one nlgut, the Mine
vt'oikcra to pay the rent.
A motion waa submitted that Local
No. l agree to a Joint meeting, giving
two sptuere for the Mine Workera
thirty minutes each, to be followed by
a speaker trom Local No. 1.
An amendment wai Immediately
made by Mr. Bennett (one of the 8.P.
candidate! at last election, a nonunion barber) that Looal No. 1 do not
agree to suoh; a negative to be aura,
but of little consequence among unitarian parliamentarians.
In speaking to bis amendment Mr.
Bennett sneeringly referred to the
strike at Cumberland as no part of the
clasa struggle, only a commodity
struggle, fcluce they (the mlnen)
had engaged In direct action, and
since the provincial government bad
also engaged In direct action to the
extent that they had tent a large
number ot police there, he only hoped
that the striking miners would be
clubbed over the head good and bard
—and many of them—so that the
bump on tbelr heads might then hold
sens*.    Mr. Bennett further stated
A. F. OF L CONVENTION
GIVES EVIDENCE OF
GROWTH AND CHANGE
MABB-MBETTNO SUNDAY
IN DOMINION THEATRE
TO HEAR SPEAKER!
UNITED BROTHERHOOD
OF CARPENTERS POTS
ANOTHER LOCAL ON MAP
Reds Put Ginger Into Proceedings, Vancouver Wago-workert to Re
and Assist in Molding Future       —      - -
Policy and Personnel
The Rochester convention   of   the
American Federation of uibor was
one of the largest and most Interesting
anoe. They should also be equipped ' gatherings ever held uy that bpdy. .
with chemical Are extinguishers, but,    While It Is true that the proceedings ! ™e ausplcsa of Vanoouvsr Trades and
.Ll^JlFTtL^^L^ Jrom d.*Ky t0 d;)' '*ld.not *■"""■ g"at"' i Ubor Council, In tht Interests of tht
watchmen at all hours of the day who from those of previous conventions,!
are capable of using the hose.   What says Max Hayes, there was neverthe-; locked-out coal miners st Ladysmlth
good are standplpes and hose so long less a stronger and more favorable un-; and Cumberland.
Given First-hand Opportunity
to Hear Truth of Lookout.
A mats meeting will be held next
8undty evening, 8 o'eloek, In tht Dominion theatre, Granville strut, under
as during half the night there Is no , demurrant toward progressive Indus-
one there to use them?
"In the effort to obtain a larger Income from then bouses, snd to secure
beauty of construction, safety bas
been neglected. Stairs and elevators
should be enclosed In brick or concrete walls, and should be equipped
with lire doors, so that they could remain in service In case of Are. At at
present, they would be the first portions of tbe building to HU with
Aamea.
"There an three things which every
.  Int Board Membsrt Frank Ftrrlng-
ton tnd Oeo. Ptttigrt, tnd J. W. Wll.
trial and political action noticeable
this year than ever before. •,,-., .       .  t   _ . _ .
The debates on the Federation's po-iklnson,. president of the B, C. Federa-
lltlcal policy, the halters' caae, Indus- tlon of Labor, will bt tht spttkers.
trial unionism, the lnit.atlve and ref-     Ev,ry   waps-worksr   In   Vancouver
enndum and other questions of gen- .h.„u h. „,._.
eral interest were undoubtedly tne, •nould ot thsrs.
best and most Instructive ever heard |    Comt and hear tha story for your-
HUDSON BAY CO. ADVT.
The Hudson Bay Co.'s Advt
will be found on page 3 of thla
and subsequent Issues of The
Federatlonist, Instead ot page 1
as heretofore.
There must be 10,000 or 12,000 wage-workers
in Vancouver and vicinity who wear overalls and
shirts. We feel confident that if they only knew
the QUALITY and get-up of our OVERALLS
and SHIBTS every one of them would buy the
BUCK BRAND-made in
Vancouver—Union made-
well made—made to stand all
kinds of wear and tear-
made in a well ventilated factory, under union conditions,
with aH that that implies.
The margin of profit on
BUCK BRAND is not so
large for retailers as on
cheaper sweat-shop brands; hence buyers are sometimes urged to take something "just as good." But
wage-workers who desire a DEPENDABLE
OVERALL always insist upon having the BUCK
BRAND. Ask your dealer for them.
WM. J, McMASTER AND SONS, LIMITED.
1176 Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
In any trade unton assemblage In thla
country.
It la a pity that so much time Is occupied In submitting reports and that
an Intermission of two full daya was
taken to permit committees to consider resolutions, all of which tlm.e
should have been devoted to the consideration of propositions that during
the latter part of the session were hastily disposed of.
The convention voted to continue to
extend lta sympathetic support to the
Union Haters, who have been fined
1242,000 and costs for boycotting, and
secure the amending of tht Sherman
anti-trust law if possible.
The action of the Scranton convention regarding Industrial unionism,
was reaffirmed. It was held that the
A. F. of L. could not and would not
pnvent International organisations
from amalgamating and controlling Industries If they desired to do so, nor,
on the other hsnd, was It deemed advisable to attempt to Influence or compel unlont to combine If they wen disinclined to take such action.
The present political policy of "rewarding friends and punishing enemies" waa also reaffirmed over the vigorous protests of the Reds In the convention. An Ineffective attempt was
made to lay the around work for the
formation of a distinct labor party,
hut lt met with little favor from either
the dominant conservatives or the protesting radicals.
The discussion over the resolution
to elect Federation officers by referendum vote was necessarily limited on
account of time, and the proposition
waa defeated by an eye and nay vote.
The opponents of the plan repeated almost verbatim the objections heard
that the nfenndum vote was a very
fine principle, but wholly Impractical
tn A, F. of L. affairs, seemed to appeal
to a majority of the delegates.
There wen many other questions
threshed over that were cf Importance
to various international unlona affected, inch at the unseating of that
branoh ot steamfltters wbo refuse to
affiliate with the plumbers, the rejection of the demands made by Pacific
coast central bodies for wider powers
of home rule, the Chicago newspaper
si rtke situation and similar matten,
but there were fewer Jurisdictional
controversies between rival organise-
sslf, Ant hand.
Brldgt tnd Structural Ironworkers.
Local 97 has pleasure In reporting
that trade Is fair and the number of.
men here at present more than covers
the number of Jobs In sight Despite
the difficulties confronting lur organ-
Isatlon we keep Increasing our mem-
bershlp, locally, and If the carpenters
paid stricter attention to legitimate
carpenter work, our members would
be more fully employed.
ttont aired on Ihe floor than In any
convention held ln tbe last decade,
As a protest against the policies advocated by President Oompers, delegates representing numerous International nions nominated Max 8. Hayes
to oppose the former for reelection.
Oompers was again chosen as president by a vote ot 11,974 to 6,074. All
tbe other officials were also reelected.
Seattle secured the 1913 convention.
UNION MEETINGS
AT LAROR TEMPLE
FOR COMING WEEK
Monday, Dec. 9—Olass Workers; Lathers; Waitresses; Electrical Workers, No. 213; Teamsters; Brotherhood of Carpenters; Amalgamated Engineers,
Tuesday, Dec. 10—Sign Painters; Shinglers; Pressmen; Amalgamated Carpenters; Stone
Cutters; Bricklayers.
Wednesday, Dec. 11—Stereotypers; Cement Workers; Marble Cutters; Amalgamated Car
penters; Straet Railwayman,
2:30 p.m.; Plumbers; Steam Engineers,
Thursday, Dec. 12—Barbers;
Horseshoers; Marble Cutters'
Helpers; Painters; Sheet Metal
Workers; Machinists; Mass
Meeting of members Of Brotherhood and Amalgamated Carpenters. ,
Friday, Dec, 18—Structural
Iron Worken; Parliamentary
Committee; Cooks; Floor Layers
and Finishers.
Saturday, Dec. 14—Bakers.
Vancouver Carpenters Will Join
In Social at Now Westminster
on Tuesday, Deo. 10.
The U.B. District Council of Carpenters of Vancouver, on Tuesday
evening, Dec. 3rd, by authority of
Gen. Pres. Huber, installed a new
Looal Union, numbering 33 charter
members.
The new union will be known aB
Floor Layers' and Finishers' Local
Union, No. 763.
L H. Burnham, secretary-treasurer
of the DC, was appointed installing
officer, and called the meeting to
order. Read tbe.letter authorising
him to instal (or appoint another to
do so) the union. He then called Mr.
a. McDonald, President of D.C., to the
chair, and proceeded to collect the
see from applicants, when he repor-
ed all had paid. Mr. J. W. Wilkinson
was asked to address tbe meetfng.   It
useless to say that his remarks
were to the point, for they are always
hat, and the close attention given
him was the best proof of the interest
taken by those assembled. A generous applause was given, and the members are most gratified for the good
advice proffered. The members were
now assembled around the president's
-hair, and Mr. McDonald In Impressive
manner administered the obligation.
The election of officers resulted as
tol'ows: President, Oeo. Wllklns;
Vice-President, John Alexsan; Rec.
lee. B. I, Wllklns; Fin. Sec, Fred
Johnson; Treat,, A. J. Kggan; Conductor. James Norvold: Warden, Oscar
Sodermsn.
Three delegates were elected to represent the union in D.C. Chartor
will be kept open until Jan. 1, 1913,
during which tlmo members will be
accepted at the low tee of S2 50, and
11.25 for apprentices. After Jan. 1st
fee will he 110 00 and $5.00. Monthly
dues |1 00 and .75 for apprentices.
Cigars were plentiful. The D.C. attended In a body, and the general sentiment was that a good work had
bern accomplished. The new Local
will meet In Labor Temple, Room 302,
on the second and fourth Fridays of
each month. Business Agent Simmons invited all to attend social In
New Westminster, Dec. 18, and many
signified their Intention to do so.
Meeting sdjouraed 11.30.
D.C. this week, on account of Instal-
latlom new Local Union, met only to
pay bills.
Local Union 817 is Bending out cards
for special meeting Dec. 9, and election of officers. A large attendance
Is earnestly desired. Bring In your
due hooks.
TKe Carpenters of Vancouver will
'•™eed by special car ot care to New
Westminster Tuesday, Dec. 10, In response to Invitation from Local 1039
>o Attend a social given on that date
Ktf the carpenters of the Royal City.
Let Sec. Burnhsm knows now many
teats you will want at your earliest
convenience, so that proper arrangements may be made forthe transportation or all.
tt would require four timet that num.
ber of men to produce that amount of
coal.
Are these men better producers, aa
strikebreakers, than under normal
conditions!
To us the purpose of these report!
Is clear. The company Is using every
means, fair or foul, to have the men
divided.
Above is the agreement which the
company, and their tools, an asking
men to sign. These tools sn working
from house to house, under cover of
night, to do this dirty work.
The Ladysmlth Chronicle refused to
print this statement. It was a positive
statement, yet they put In their paper
every week a positive "official" statement to the effect that the output of
the Cumberland mines Is four and Ave
times greater than It Is.
The mines here are closed tight,
with the exception of those mentioned
and one miner, Jock Campbell,
We are holding a concert and dance
every week. Our hall Is not half large
enough, and a masquerade ball on
Thursday, Dec. 5; concert and dance
on Saturday, Dec. 7th.
has been produced when, sccofdlng to.. .._.*        .....  ...
the Minister Or Mines' nrwt1W"lWf*<H*»"«h hssVhttn^.by thy mover
A. S. Wells writes Ths B.C. Federatlonist: "At last meeting ot the Victoria Carpenters the coal mlnen'
strike at Cumberland and Ladysmlth
was discussed, resulting In a vote of
•tar, being made to assist tbe miners
against the heavy odds they are lighting The Central Labor Body will also
to asked to call a mass-meeting of
workers in the Capital City, with a
view to raising funds for the Btrlkers
snd placing the true reasons of the
strike as to tbe brutal methods now
being employed by the coal barons,
ably assisted by the McBride government, to defeat and degrade the workera of the coal flslds. Every central
labor body In British Columbia should
follow the example of Victoria. What
Is needed Is more action and less sympathy."
The risks of Capital, forsooth. What
rifts have the plutea and spongers,
who drive lor profit the slave-gangs of
this country ever taken? How many
if those avarclous human vultures
have fallen, - maimed and blood-
sploshed, from the hungry machines
that run day and night to turn them
out gold plecea? How many of the
coal barons of British Columbia have
suffocated In those hells of fire-damp
wherein Labor tolls and sweats—nay,
even dies—In order to make golden
profits for Capital! How many of the
money-hungry magnates of the Canadian Collieries Co. smothered In that
miserable death-trap their parsimony
created to destroy valuable working-
class lives? Where are the risks
taken by those portly captains of finance? Do those gentlemen of substance gluttonise, eating rich meals
and drinking rare wines, until their
souls glow with the brute satisfaction
of Colac bulls stuffed to the gorge
with clover pasture? Can anyone
point to a serious risk taken by one
of those commercial whited sepulchres full of all uncleannsss and dead
meu's bones?
The Federatlonist Is In receipt ot a
letter from an old-time miner, now In
Vancouver, wbo ridicules the Idea of
the Sun's lurid story of an alleged attempt to blow up Trent River bridge,
within the strike zone of Vancouver
Island. "Who ever heard of a 'fifty
yards of fuse'?" asks the miner, who
of tte motion about.the Local of the
B P. of C. at Cumberland. Ho questioned very much tf they were more
than 18 or 20 In somber, and he questioned It they were socialist j at all.
He further believed they bad men In
tbelr own Local who could explain the
mining situation better than tny of
the Mine Workers' representatives, as
the latter had no one among them
canahle of doing so.
The amendment was carried by a
vote of 10 to 12. At tn evidence of
sympathy and co-operation, coming
from an alleged political party of tha
working class, tbls action should bo
recorded where It will serve the best
purpose. >
Ptlnttrs, Loctl 138
The list meeting of the Painters,
Decorators and Paperbangera' was
fairly wall attended. The situation
with regard to tbe building trades tn
general was thoroughly discussed, and
our delegates to the Fedonted Building Trades Instructed to do all In
their power to further the organisation
of that body. At our meeting of
Nov. 13 we donated 110 to the strike -
fund of the Ladysmlth and Cumberland miners, and are sorry that we
are unable to donate a larger sum,
Trade quiet, and a number of members
Idle.
Baktn, Local 46
The Bakery and Confectionery
Workers of Vancouver District Intend
holding a series of social evenings
during the winter, with the object of
making people Interested In the trade
acquainted with the conditions under
which the bakers and confectioners
of this district work, lu order that
they may get enough to purchase food,
clothing and shelter lo go to work,
and do the same thing all over again
from day to day (when the opportunity to go to work offers Itself). Our
next social evening for women and
children will be held In abor Temple
on Saturday, December 28.
Cnrpsnters' Mass Meeting.
On Thursday, 12th December, the
carpenters of Vancouver and District
will finally deride the rate at which
they will sell their only commodity
(their labor power) next spring. With
tho continuous upward tendency of
the cost of living they have come to
the conclusion that 14.25 per day Is
Inadequate to clothe, feed and house
themselves and families. So, have decided that thoy will make a demand
for a little more or what they. pro.
duce. At their mass meeting on the
above date thev will be asked to con*
sltler a recommendation from the
Joint Committee, who have had the
matter In hand for some time; and
between now and next spring there
will be-something doing In organize-
'ten wrk in the carpentry trade.—
H J. McE.
'twenty-five sticks'? Frozen dynamite
will explode If the explosive cap Is Inserted. "The story," continues the
correspondent, "Is too raw for even a
school boy to credit. It la as bad a
break as was made In the Cripple
Creek district In Colorado a few years
ago, under Peabody's reign, when a de-
t.rctlve agency blew up the railroad
platform and killed a lot of non-unionists, when a similar story waa related
as to the number ot sticks ot dynamite. The story savors of Jonah and
the whale. The Sun's anxiety to bring
declares that It Is only sold In 100-foot discredit upon the striking miners Is
colls. The 'plant' must have been too farfetched to serve the purpose
counted before it was burned, cist why evidently Intended.
-V:".:'--'^'.'%'''::. 'i--'i';::' 'i-l-r>.j'-w! PAGE TWO
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FRIDAY DECEMBER 6,  1912
TOO MUCH APATHY
One thing particularly noticeable In
regard to the labor movement ln Canada Is the lack of activity at present
displayed. Tbere seems to be little If
anything doing out of the ordinary,
and especially Is this true along political lines. From the beginning of
this century down to about two years
ago considerable working class activity along political lines was ln evidence. An Increasing Interest was
manifested ln eaoh succeeding election and the promise of a commanding position In parliamentary life by
the hosts of labor seemed a matter
of certain attainment ln the not distant future. But for the past two or
three years the workers, especially of
this province, seem to have been
stricken with an apathy, or political
paralysis, that If continued promises
to eliminate even the possibility of
any efficient force Invading either the
Provincial or Dominion parliaments to
push forward the demands ot the
working class.
Until the working class becomes
the dominant factor In the life of the
race the condition of the worker must
remain an unsatisfactory one. He
must continue to eke out an un-
confortable existence, continually
pressed by poverty or threatened
with It by virtue of uncertain employment and wages that always manifest a persistent tendency toward a
lower level. And yet were the workers to act together as a mass, their
power could aweep all obstacles from
the pathway of labor and make ot the
working class master of the-earth and
ot itself. /
So long as the workers refrain from
participation In the Industrial and
political life of nations, except as
humble slaves In production and
obedient followers and dupes of their
masters ln politics, their average condition must steadily become worse
and their tenure of life more and
more uncertain. To leave the control
of Industry and the domination of
Labor In the hands of a ruling class,
without protest, Is to acknowledge
that slavery Is the normal and proper
condition for those who toll and freedom and manhood but mythical nonsense.
A civic election Is to occur In Van-
couver a month hence. At least a
very large portion of the eligible vote
la ln the handt of wage-workers. Up
to the present moment there are no
signs of any more toward participating In thlt election by the workers on
behalf of their own class Interests.
Presumably they are atlll content to
throw their political strength to the
cause ot their particular mastera and
continue to endure the Intuits and
Iniquities heaped upon them between
elections and swear that tbey like lt.
This city, like every other, ought to
be in control of Its working people
and would so be If we ot the working
class were not yet a class of dubs to
far aa our class Interests are concerned,
While we are more or less Interest-
ed In our Immediate dally affairs of
waget, Jobs, etc., let us not forget that
If we would free ourselves from the
miseries entailed upon us by capital-
lam and ltt wage-slavery, we must
shake off the apathy and Indifference
of abject slaves snd take on the earnest and determined activity of men
who would be free.
Let the men of labor forge to the
front In every phase of social and Industrial life. It Is labor that produces
all wealth and they who produce
should also control. That control cannot he attained through apathy and
indifference.   Shake them off.
fighting, and the pity of it is that these
silly (oik have no better sense than to
respond to the call, though they have
nothing to gain but everything to lose
by to doing. It Is their blood that
must be shed and their lives that must
pay the forfeit. Those who survive
must perforce return to work, like
galley slaves, In order to recoup their
precious rulers for the money cost of
.the war and till their treasury once
more, ln preparation for the next one.
What they are unable to accomplish
owing to the shortness ot their span
of life, will be passed on to their
equally Ignorant progeny to be settled
In the future. The whole miserable
business works as a sort of perpetual
Instalment plan, each succeeding generation making payment, to the extent
of Its ability, ln sweat, blood and
agony without ln the least diminish-
Ing the principal.
Every Influence in modern society
that is In harmony with the rule of
capital, either openly approves of war
and all of Its oonsequences, or at least
does nothing towards preventing It.
The priests of all religions, lt Is true,
pray for peace,, hut only at the price
of victory for their particular side of
the controversy ln question.
Happily, however, a force Is rapidly
developing In modern society that not
only makes for peace, but promises In
the near future to become so potent
as to make war impossible. That
force Is what is commonly termed the
Socialist movement. It has already
called a halt upon the Balkan-Turkish
atrocities and practically made lt Impossible for the war to spread beyond
Its present confines. Arrangements
are already made to paralyze Industry
by mass strikes In the various European countries, If lt becomes necessary, ln order to prevent the spread
of the war madness,
According to the spokosmen, apologists and defenders of the present
order, Socialism Is to destroy the
home, family, religion, and the delightfully pure and lofty moral and
ethical code of present-day civilization. If tbere Is anything better calculated than war to lay waste the
land, devastate the home, destroy the
family, wreck all moral and ethical
codes and reduce religion to the level
of a disgusting blood lust under spiritual pretense, we confess we have
never yet heard of it. That the Socialist movement alone raises its voice
and uses Its powers to abrogate war Is
quite sufficient answer to tbe accusation above referred to.
Tho growing repugnance among the
workers for militarism and all tbat It
Implies Is one of the most cheering
signs of the times. Just now In
France the powers that be are greatly
wrought up over the disclosure tbat
fully 80,000 young men liable for
service under the conscription laws
succeeded ln<avoldlng such service or
have deserted after enrollment. When
workers become sufficiently enlightened as tb the significance of capital
and their position under Its -baneful
sway, they will no longer sacrifice
their lives upon either Its Industrial
or military altar. They will forever
put an end to war by removing the
cause of war—the present class
ownership of the means of production.
They will rise as a class to mastery
ver their means of living, and thence
forward through the arts and instruments of peace lay firm the foundations of home, family, moral and ethical codes and religious concepts at
least worthy of the name.
Speed the day when Labor shall
become master of itself and peace be
proclaimed throughout the earth.
The demand for higher wageB represents our conviction that a constantly
greater share of increased social
wealth should go to those who create
It. The progress of humanity results
from the elimination of poverty. Poverty means degrading environment
and Influence that result ln Intellectual and moral degeneration.—Samuel
QomperB,
It only remains to be proven that
the McNamara brothers were' spys,
and the whole series of dynamiting,
now occupying so much attention of
U.S. courts, can, be charged to an organized band of Burns' Detective
Agency scoundrels, who desired to
make the employers potash real
money, and at the same time cast discredit upon and ruin organized labor.
Let the probing go on. The plot
thickens.
Whatever sympathy and eulogies
may have been showered upon the
heroic union musicians of the lllfated
Titanic, tbe fact remains that the decision of the judge In the Liverpool
county court rules that they were not
on the ship's rating, and that therefore no compensation was payable in
respect ot them. Not unlike several
other brands of sympathy of the em-
ploying class-when It comes to atoning
in financial terms.
aristocracy and nobility ln ease and
luxury.
The histories of the school! abound
with deeds of valor on the battle fields,
In the conquest tor commercial privileges. Pages are devoted to pictures
of bloody battles and likenesses of
military heroes who are extolled for
their peculiar abilities to lead armies
of men to slaughter, other armlet of
men. Hatred for foreigners Is taught
and foreign achievements are belittled
and every line of the history reeks
with national conceit Young men
are reared to crave distinction on the
battle field and young women to worship heroes of International slaughter
bedecked ln gold braid and brass but-
tons. Girls are applauded when they
shower their admiration and their
klsBes on some returning bloodstained butcher from the seat of war,
the result of the poppycock Instilled ln
their juvenile minds while at school.
The school children are taught to worship wealth and, are educated along
business lines. The "almighty dollar"
Is the god.before which they are
taught to kneel. People who have accumulated Immense wealth and who
have been able to keep out of tbe
penitentiaries through the cunning
practices of hired legal talent are
pointed out to them models of success.—The New Era.
PEACE VS. WAR
At the present moment the prospects for a termination of the war between Turkey and the Balkan States
appear favorable. It is to-be hoped
that1 a settlement Is agreed upon and
that this affair may prove to be the
last reckless and brutal slaughter of
human beings to satisfy the ambition
of ruling class ruffians and the moral
and ethical yearnings ot their respective religions.
Tbe empire ot spiritual and temporal rulers all down through the ages
has been upheld and made possible
only by the exercise of military power
and the countless millions of fools
who have been killed In the sanguinary conflicts incident thereto have
been merely a sacrificial offering upon
the altar of Ignorance and brutality.
Whenever a conflict of Interests be-
tween rulers, or section of the ruling
class, breaks out Into open rupture,
the common herd, the peasants and
workmen, are called upon to do the
QUITE SO.
"In trying to get an estimate of a
labor convention, lt would be much
easier to do so several months after
adjournment. Then one has a better
perspective. No one, I believe, can
successfully Interpret the forces at
work—he can't disassociate himself
from his personal views In all things,
no matter how hard he tries, and no
matter how fair he attempts to be."—;
James P. Egan, in Toledo Union
Leader.
Is tbls the same James P. Egan who
deplores the "meekness of men" In
convention wbo "talk loud when 'back
home'"?
Surely, then, the Reds cannot be
blamed for accepting the experience
of Mr. Egan, by recognising the forces
they have to meet In convention, making the best of It, and then returning to
tbelr respective homes prepared to
carry on educational work among the
membership.
Sooner or later the membership of
the A. F. of L, will awaken to the
necessity of Independent political action. Each succeeding convention
proves that. The Reds can afford to
wait. Meantime the old guard will
ginger up a little. And that helps
some.
"Be good—for something."
Sometimes a "progressive" movement is another name for slowgress.
Mayor Lunn of Schenectady, NY.,
says: I never try to show contempt
for our courts—I try to conceal It.
Pres. Oompers of the A. F. ot L.
looks upon the Reds as "a great
danger from within." Danger—to
whom?
"The member who has failed to
bring In an application to his union
since he was Initiated has mighty
little license to boast ot the work
which he has done to keep his union
on the map."
With the pronouncement of the International Socialist Congress as to
what the workers of Europe were prepared to do In case the ruling class
declared war there has been a notice*
able lull In "war" news. The prospect
of the capitalists having to do their
own fighting la so different.
CAPITALISI.. THE EN.-.MY
It Is all very well to introduce specially severe and brutal forms of punishment for the creatures who decoy
young women ana girls into hells of
vice and infamy, We have no word to
say against that except that mere brutality of punishment bas never yet
proved efficacious as a deterrent.
What w'e would urge, however, Ib that
lt flogging Is deserved by procurers—
and some ot our legislators evidently
are of opinion that boiling ln oil or
any other kind of torture would be too
good tor them—then surely at least as
severe a punishment should be meted
out to those who by maintaining a
system of Industrial slavery for women make the trade of the procurer
possible. The basis of that vile trade
Is poverty; Its victims are drawn from
the women and girls of our class, to
whom, by comparison with their own
hard lot, the alluring pictures painted
by their tempters offer Irresistible attractions. Why have our labor men
nothing to say about this, the economic side of the question? If flogging
Is to be the punishment of procurers,
what punishment should be meted out
to the smug Pharisaical manufacturers
whose profits nre wrung out of the
sordid slavery and degradation of our
womenklnd? A girl In a brothel, at
any rate, gets a sufficient supply of
food, and Is able to be cleanly ln her
person, and woll-dressed; but we know
of factories owned by reputable Christian capitalists where personal cleanliness Is unknown and Impossible;
where the clothing of the women and
girl workers nothing but filthy rags,
and where the wages paid are too low
to pay for a sufficiency of even the
poorest and coarsest food. Small wonder that In such cases lt Is very generally stated that these miserable wages
are supplemented by prostitution, and
that Instances have heen known where,
among some hundreds of girls and
young women employed all, on examination, have been found to be unchaste. However that may be, it Is
quite clear that these conditions offer
a fruitful field for the procurer; that
his patrons and those who. manufacture
his victims belong to the same class,
and that while parliamentary fulmlna-
tlons are being hurled at the agent,
and fresh means for punishing him are
being devised,, the principal himself
ought not to be allowed to go scot free.
Here, as In so many other cases, we
find that capitalism is the enemy, Do
all that Is possiole to mitigate Its effects certainly, but realize at the same
time that only with the abolition of
capitalism will the white slave traffic
disappear.—Justice. . •.
Oompers and Ltbor.
President Gompers, of the Americas
Federation ot Labor, ia vigorously
fighting the adoption of a direct political-policy at the convention now In
session. For years this light has been
going on, each year the sentiment for
such a policy being greatly Increased.
In Bpeaktng against lta adoption, President Gompers said last wo k: "Only
the recognition of the rights ot tbe
toilers to the best and all that Is produced can end the struggle of the toilers of our time."
These words sum up all that can be
desired by working people. As a matter of flat Interpretation, they claim
the earth for labor. But one Is left
wondering how he purposes securing
the recognition, and the reward to
which he referred. It is an easy matter to desire the earth, but somewhat
different to lay plans by which lt may
be possessed.
There are only four ways whereby
labor can secure what It believes to be
Its rights—wishing for them, asking
for them, striking for them, voting for
them. The flrst Is universal; tbe second has largely been proved futile; the
third Is being recognised as Increasingly Ineffective under new social conditions. The fourth has yet to be
tried. And from press reports It Is
evident that a large number of the
delegates to the convention desire to
try It at the earliest moment.
It Is surely true that the day of the
trade union strike Is disappearing.
The method haB served its purpose.
For protection against a trust of capital It was doubtless necessary to form
a trust of labor, as a tradea union
might well be termed. It was a defensive measure. But ln the development of Industry and society, lt. Is
found that trades cannot supply a
broad enough basis for defensive or
aggressive action. The Interests of
all laborers are one. The Industrial
Workers of the World form an Illustration—though a malodorous one—
of the breaking down of trades units
and divisions.
Sane and safe reform lies along the
line of the ballot. The vote Is the
"Onen Sesame" of the door of Industrial fortune. A strike Is a relic of
barbaric compulsion. Political action
is the modern method of solution. Let
men vote for their rights, and there
will be no need to strike for them.
Labor can never secure its rights until lt use; the ballot In collective action against the wrong. The recognition of that, fact by the Federation of
Labor means the ultimate success of
Its efforts.—Ottawa Citizen.
A Pretentloua Humbug.
The dividend shark is a pretentious
humbug. He Is a paraBitlc excrescence
that society at the present stage could
get rid of with advantage. He makes
investment an effective instrument ot
robbery and exploitation He Is
driven by an insatiable hunger tor
gold, and, to teed that gold hunger
and Increase his gains created by the
labor of others, he Is eternally scheming. He Is a boss of parliaments,
courts, departments and markets. The
whole world of servile oucialdom
bows and Bcrapes to him and does his
behests as submissively aa a lag gang
under the rifle. He is an employer because he is too lazy and too cunning
to work himself. He has modernised
and made respectable the business of
Dick 1*urpin. He and pirates like him
havs got control of most Industries,
and, In these, tn order to carry on
production ior profit, he employs men,
women and children giving them a living wage, or as much less than a living wage as the law allows him to
give, and, of all the things made and
produced by Individual or corporate
labor, he shears away the surplus
value, and calls It his wages ot ability.
He Ib a solemn fraud, economically,
but unfortunately the world yet takes
him at his own value. Strictly his alleged wages of ability Is on a par with
alms cadged by a roving mendicant
from a circle of benevolent fools.
Capitalism Is mendicancy exalted and
aystematlsed and given a power of
legalized extortion.—Labor Call.
Suit Spec
We hold and can maintain by
that men who buy -suits at 8
ot value and satisfaction thai
store can give; _• - ■ :
Today has arrived a new lot ■
we have marked to sell at 911
smart styles and smart worthy
lar red browns in tweeds,, other
mixtures and worsteds, too, for
■FLMTOIg-tVT 9W_rt(JMMM
m
These are coats that no man i
well, the materials are good, th
In any way.
The materials are tweeds In sm
Two of the best patterns are
arc small designs in brown and
dark tone.   Every coat is lined
■way collars.
VAN00TJ
Stoves an
EVERYTHING F(
Mount Pleasant headqua
and ail kinds of Builders'
W.R. OWE
THE KING'
Tested snd improved during ma
skating gro
Star Skates, all that a a
Automatic Skates, imm.
GREAr CHOICE O
For Young Men, Young
J.A.FLETT,LI
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards Inserted for $1.00 a Month
B. O. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets In annual convention in January, Executive officers, 1912-11; President, J. JV. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
glem Stubbs. B. D. Orant, J. H. MoVety,
R. P. Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Slverts,
J. J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meots Brat and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. w.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple,- Ins. Campbell, treasurer; A
Beasley, statistician; J. H. McVety,
-orgl-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, W. J.
Pipes, E. Tralnor, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday In month.
President, E. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; secrefory, A. H. England.
P. O. Box 8«.
How "Patriots" Art Made.
You know how a patriot Is made.
The process Is begun when the
critical faculties of the young lie dormant. Children's toys are usually In
the form of guns, drums and tin soldiers, guns with bayonets and miniature cannon and forts. Juvenile stories are crammed with narratives of
war slaughter and' bloodshed, and
ttach rtvtrtnct tnd admiration for
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANV, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
MoVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. VV. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan Murdock Mo-
Kensle^   Managing director, J.  H.  Mc-
Hardware
jjj A Splendid stook of the
We make a specialty of eu
qnirements of the artisan i
McTAGGART
7 Hastings Street West
YOUR WIN
Should be Tailor-made and made by I
FREDPERR
LONGSHOREMENS* INTBRNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 52—Meets
every Friday evening, 183 Water street.
President, Q. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 133 Water Btreet.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt. Tnompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. «S«Q.
Vety, Room :
■ Sey, 6360.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
puntera and i Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 29QS. Business agent. J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 5 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
rieiday lh Room 302.
BAKERS'  AND  CONFEC-
tloners'  Local  No.   46—
Meets  second  and  fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m.  President,   J.   Kinnalrd;   «*or*>
**»-..    responding   secretary,   w.
wi-OT.'   Rogers.  Room  220,  Labor
Temple:   financial  secretary,   P.   Robin-
BARBERS! LOCAL, NO. 120—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:30 p. m. President, Geo. W. Isaac-i; recording secretary, Charles Brown; t?eci-etary-bu*lness
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: II to I; 6 to 7 p.m.
Bey. 1778.
BARTENDERS' LEAGUE NO. 676—
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
each month, 7:30 p. m., Room 806. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottishatv, Tel.
Sey. 463 (Yale Hotel). '
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No, 817—Meets
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary. A. Paine; financial secretary. L,
H. Burnham, Room 804.    Sey. 1380.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiner*. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W.
PIckte->on; recording secretary, Tho*.
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J, A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conaher;
warden, g. Hall.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meet-? second and fourth Friday. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
J, A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
738 Semlln Drive, phone Sey, 839.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meeta every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
807. President, James I-fs-Oett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
R3; financial secretary, F. It. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
218.    Sey. 1739.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President; F. Barclay, 3BS Cordova Ea*t;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES AND GENERAL
Laborers' Union,—Meets first and
third Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p, m.
President, P. Hurst; secretary, E.
Tralnor, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Old A RMAKERS' LOCAL, NO 3B?H
Meets first Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert ,T, Craig; secretary, J, C. Peuser. Kurtz Cigar Factory;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnson.
COMMERCIA L T lO L E G R A P H E R S\
British Columbia Division, C. P, Sya-
tern, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, ,T. F, Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas,, A, T, Oberg,
Box 482, or 1003 Burrnrd street.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
218.—Meets Room 301, every Mondav
S p. m. President. W. P. Cnrr; vice-president. Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A, A, McDonald, 5 Lome street east; financial "ecretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H, A,
.Tones, Room/jOT, Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
821 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 208 8 p.m. President 8. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent. F. L, Est-
Inghauaen, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.
GLASS WORKERS' LOCAL. NO. 40—
Meeta s.vond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month President, J. Fox; vice-
president Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 428 Dufferln street, Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 145, A. F, of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry ; financial secretary, F. J, Harris,
1068 Rnbson St,; recording secietarv,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
SHEET METAL WORKERS', LuCAL
No. 280—Meets every. Thursday, 7:80
p.m.. Room 302. President, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Dor mod y,
STON ECUTTKRS:, VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; cor respond In- secretary, Jamea Ray-
burn; flananclal pecretary, Wm. Jardlne.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Emplovees, pioneer Division No. 101
—.Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays nt 2:16 p.m. and first
and third Wednesdays, s p.m. President,
H. StWiofleld; recording secretary, Albert V, Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
TAILORS. VANCOUVER BRANCH NO.
178—Meetings held first Friday In
each mi-nth, 8 p.m. President, H. Kord-
'and; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Bos
603; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
608.
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', LO.
cal No. 02—Meets first and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R, Neville; secretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite t, 1202 Woodland drive,	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO, 226—
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. S. Armstrong; vice*
president, Q. W. Palmer; secretary.treasurer. R. II. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
VICTORIA, B. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets every first and thhd
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. Preaident, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slvertz, Box 302,
Victoria, B, C.
Electric Hdusi
• ' •  * ■   •   ■
nces make Approp
They Are Useful, Han
LOOK OVER'
Electric Ranges
Coffee Percolators
Toasters
Heating Discs
Teapots
Immersion Boilers
See These Appliances
B.C.ELE
Carrall and
Hastings Street
VANCOUVE PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..............DBCEMBBK «,  1111 *
THOUSANDS
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
1S2 Cordova W.
A Credit to Union Workmanship
sHUMBER-i
CIGARS
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Hones
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
MULCAHYS CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
RUBIO
Ask Your
BARBER
For
AFTER A SHAVE
a. o. itimi itr-mr oo.
S17  BOBIOtt ITBBIT
jtfiOB* BtTXDOar 4401
Berry Bros.
Agenta for Cleveland Cycles,
"Thi Blayole with the Bepntattoa"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
«9 XAITXVOI IT. 1.
■Fhono ■oymonr 7508	
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St Formerly at 440
TABCOUVEB, B. O.
Rhymes of Revolt
BY  Wl LFRID   GRIBBLE
Neat little volume of virile verse
25c Special price for quantities
For Ssle si Lsbor Temple Cigar Store
Miners* Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
BOOKS FOR THE
WINTER  EVENING3
Now la the time to get down and
study. You will find an assortment of
books below. Pick out one or two
and send along the price to W. Watts,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C.. and
we will mall tbem to you postpaid.
Lafargue's Social and Philosophical
Studies 50
La Monte's Socialism, Positive and
Negative  60
Lewis' (Arthur M.) The Art of Lecturing  60
Lewis'  (Arthur M.) Evolution, Social and Organic  60
Lewis'  (Arthur M.)  Marx vs. Tolstoy (Darrow Debate)  60
Lewis' (Arthur M.J Ten Blind Leaders  60
Lewis* (Arthur M.) Vital -Problem*
In Social Evolution 60
Lewis' (Austin) The Militant Proletariat  60
Lfebknecht's Memoirs of Karl Marx   .60
Marx'a Capital, Vol. 1  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. II  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. Ill 2.00
Marx's Critique of Political  Economy  1.00
Marx's The Poverty of Philosophy.. 1.00
Marx's    Revolution   and   Counter-
Revolutton    .'. 60
Marx's Value, Price and Profit 60
Marx and Engels' The Communist
Manifesto  60
Morgan's Ancient Society  1.60
Myers'   Great   American   Fortunes,
Vol. I   1.60
Myers'   Oreat   American   Fortunes,
Vol. II   1.60
Myers'   Oreat   American   Fortunes,
Vol. Ill   1.60
Pleehanoff's   Socialism   and   Anar-
Chl-Msm  60
Tolchmann's Life and Death 60
Telchmann's Great
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol. I... 2.00
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol. II 2.00
War, What For? Klrkpatrlck  1.30
Boelsche's The Evolution of Man 60
BoellohtVa  The Triumph of Life 60
Dletigen's   Philosophical   Jftways     1.00
Dletsgen's Positive Outcome of Phil-
oiophy   1.00
Engels'    Socialism,    Utopian    and
Scientific  60
Engels' Feuerbach  60
Engoh'    Landmarks    of    Scientific
Socialism  1.00
En-TdV Origin of the Family CO
Ferrl's Tho Positive School of Criminology  .'. 60
Ferrl's     Socialism     nnd     Modern
Bclenc e  1,00
Fitch's Physical Basis of Mind and
Morals   1.00
France's Germs of Mind  In Plants   .60
Kaut-dty's   The  Class   Strutrff'e 00
Kout<ky's The Social Revolution 50
Kautsky's   Ethics   and   Materialist
Conception of History 60
Labrlola'a   Materialistic  Conception
of History  1.00
Labrlola's Socialism nnd Philosophy 1.00
Lafargue's   The  Evolution  of  Property 60
Lafargue's  The  Rleht to  De Lazy
and Other Studies  60
Socialist Party Directory
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of Canada, meeta second and fourth Tuesday. Secretary, Wm.
Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir St., Vancouver, B C. 	
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Tuesdays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St, Wm. Watts, Secretary.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary,
Box 647, Calgary.	
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL Executive. S- P. of C, Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan, 222 Stada-
cona Street West, Moo=e .Taw, Sask.
MARITIME PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada, meets every second and fourth Sundays ln the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay, N.
S. Dan Cochrane, secretary, Box 491,
Glace Bay, N.S	
LOCAL VANCOUVER. NO.09, S. P. of C.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir street. Business meeting on first
of every month nt 8 p.m. Secretary, F.
Lefeaux, Labor Temple. Vancouver, B C.
LOCAL FKRNIE, 6. P. of 0„ HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall every Sunday at 7:30. Business meeting first Monday ln each month
at 7:30 p.m. Economic class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30. H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.	
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO 26, S7 P. of C.
meets In-Mlners* Hall every Sunday
at 7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, organizer;
Will Jones, secretary, Box 126. Finnish
branch meets ln Flnlanders' Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, secretary,
Box 64, Rossland, B.C.      	
LOCAL MICHEL, B C. NO. 10, S. P. of
C, holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday afternoon at 2:30 in Crahan'"
Hall. A hearty invitation is extended
to all wage slaves within reach of us to
attend our meetings. Business meeting*
are held the first and third Sundays of
each month at 10:30 a.m. ln the same
hall. Party organizers take notice. T.
W. Brown, secretary 	
LOCAL NELSON, S.  P.  of C,  MEETS
every Friday at 8 p.m., In Miners'
Hall, Nelson, B.C.   I   A. Austin, secretary,
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, B.C., NO. 7 S.
P. of C Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, secretary.
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO. 3«, S P. OF
C. Meets every. Tuesday at 7:30
p.m. In the Sandon Mlnres' Union Hall.
Communications to bo addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B.C
LOCAL SOUTH FORT GEORGE, B. C,
No. .61, meets every Friday night at
8 o'clock ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, secretary; Andrew Allen, organizer,
LOCAL CUMBERLAND No. 70, S.P."of C.
Business meeting every Sunday,
10:30 a,m. Economic class held twice
each Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift).
Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney. Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.	
VANCOUVER-LETTISH LOCAL, No. 68,
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday. Rom
open to everybody at 512 Cordova Street
East, 2 p.m. Secretary P. Anderson, Bar-
net B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B. C, NO 46,
Finnish. Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays In the month at 213
Hastings Street Eost. Ovla Lind, Secretary.
LOCAL GIBSON'S LANDING, NO. 49.
S. P. of C—Meet first and third
Sunday of the month ln Socialist Hall.
Secretary. J. N. Hlntsa, Gibson's Heights,
B. C.
LOCAL COLEMAN, ALTA., NO. 9,
Miners' Hall and Opera Houe. Propaganda meetings et 8 p.m., on the fir t
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evening1,
following Propaganda -meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steelo, Coleman, Alta. Sec-
rotary, Jas. Glcndennlng Box 63 Coleman Alta. Visitors may receive Information any dny at Miners' Hall Secretary,   Wm.   Graham,   Box  63,   Coleman.
LOCAL EDMONTON ALTA. NO. 1. S,
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meeting every
Wednesday at 7:30 p. ni- sharp. Our
reading room Is open to the public free,
from 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. dally. Secretary J. A. S. Smith, 622 First Street.
Organizer, W. Stephenaon.	
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4, S. P.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the heed-
quarters 134 Ninth Ave., West.
S. K. Read, Secretary.	
LOCAL RFGINA, NO. 6, SASK., MEETS
every Sunday Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday 8 p.m.
Trades Hall. W. B, Bird, General Delivery, Secretary.
LOCAL LETHBRIDGE, ALTA., NOT 18.
S. P. of C, Meets first and third
Sundays In the month at 4 p. m„ In
Miners' Hall, Secretary, Chas. Peacock,
Box 1983.
LOCAL MOOSEJAW SASK., No. 1, S. P.
of C— Propaganda  meetings   every
Sunday,  7:30 p.m.  In  the Trades  Hall,
Economic  Class   every   Sunday,   3   p.m.
Secretary,   J.   Harrison,   102   Hochelaga
St.   A. Stewart Organizer.
LOCAL OTTAWA, NO. 8, S. P. of C—
Business meetings first Sunday In
month ln the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street, at 8 pm. Secretary,- Sam Hor-
wlth "The White Book Store," 144
Rldeau Street, Ottawa,
LOCAL GLACE BAY, NO. 1, of MARITIME—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every evening. Business and propaganda meeting at headquarters every Thursday at
8, p.m. Alfred Nash, Secretary, Box 168.
Haro'd Q. Ross, organizer Box 606.
LOCAL SIDNEY MINES NO. 7, OF
NOVA SCOTIA—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday at
7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall hack of
Town Hall. William Allen, Secretary,
Box 344.
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S.P. of G, Ir organised
for the purpose of educating the Ukrainian workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The Ukrainian Federation publish their own weekly organ.
"Nova Hromada" (New Society), at 448
Klnlstlno Ave,, Edmonton, Alta. English comrades dclrlng Information re
the Federation write to J. Senuk
Bracken-dale - Cheakamus
MOTOR STAGE
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H, JUDD, Prop.
A PAGE FOR SOCIALISTS
The matter for this page la furnished by Secretary of the Dominion Executive   of the Socialist Party of Canada
Dominion Executive.
Tuesday, Nov. 26. Present: Comrades Kingsley, 8. Lefeaux, Burrough,
Mengel, Anderson and Secretary Com.
ijefeaux In the. chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted'
as read.
Correspondence—A charter application filled ont by nine farmers ln the
neighborhood of Collins, Sask., accompanied by a letter explaining that the
writer was unable to get ln touch with
the Provincial Executive committee.
Application granted as to Local
Roseland, and the comrades notified
to communicate with the Dominion
Executive Committee until such time
as the Provincial Executive Committee
of Saskatchewan reveals the whereabouts of Hs existence.
A communication from the Lettish
comrades of Vancouver was laid over
for the next meeting.
A communication from W. Harrison,
secretary of Moose Jaw, Alta., Local,
enclosing (13 for Western Clarion account and Dominion Organizing Fund,
and notifying the committee that the
previous secretary of the Local had
been expelled for standing for election
on the ticket of a capitalist party.
Secretary Instructed to acknowledge
receipt of communication, expulsion ot
Wm. McAUster confirmed and ordered
published ln the minutes.
A communication from Calgary Local, enclosing copy of circular letter
sent by them to all Alberta Locals.In
connection with the suspension of the
Western Clarion, and stating that they
had commenced raising funds to pay
off the Clarion indebtedness.
The Secretary was instructed to reply, and lt was further decided that
the whole question of the party press
and organization be given full space
ln the next Bulletin.
Good of the Movement—The advisability ot calling a Dominion convention
In the spring of 1913 was fully discussed. The Executive were unanimously of the opinion that the time
was ripe and necessity pressing for
such a step.    Adjournment.
WM. WATTS, Secretary.
B, C, Provincial Executive
Tuesday, Nov. 26.—Meeting convened at 8:30 p. m. ln Labor Temple
basement. Present, Comrades Kings-
ley, S. Lefaux, Burrough, Mengel, Anderson, and Secretary.
Comrade S. Lefeaux voted to the
calr.
Minutes ot previous meeting adopted as read.
Correspondence.—A letter from
Com. C. M. O'Brien (being a copy ot
the original sent to Jas. Cartwrlght of
East Wellington) in reply to one trom
he latter (enclosed) admitting and
giving reasons for having Joined the
S. D. P. ln Nanalmo, B. C, at the same
time seeking to retain his membership
In the S. P. of C, were read.
Burrough-Mengel:—Motion: "That
Jas. Cartwrlght Is no longer a member
of the S. P. of C, and that the letter
read be published In the next Bulletin."
Anderson-KIngsley — Amendment:
'That the letters be Med," instead of
"published in the next Bulletin."
After discussion, the motion was
withdrawn, and another motion embodying the amendment put, and carried unanimously.
A letter from the secretary of Fernle
Local, asking for information as to the
probable cost of procuring speakers
from Vancouver If any available, and
offering to assume responsibility of
routing such ln their district.
Secretary WattB Instructed to reply
that Fernle Local will be advised
when speakers are secured.
In answer to Com. Kingsley, Sec.
Watts stated that the receipts from
the cards sent out for securing contributions to the Organizing Fund had
been over 1200 for the first month
and about $20 for the second. Many
cards had not been returned.
Bills—None.   Adjournment.
WM. WATTS, Secretary.
To B, C, Comrades
Comrade J. R. Knight of Edmonton,
Alta., our candidate last spring against
the Hon. Chas. Cross, attorney-general, now organizing for the Alberta Executive of the S. P. of C„ has agreed
to make an organizing and lecturing
trip through the Kootenays, Boundary
and Okanagan to the Pacific, thence
along the Coast wherever needed.
Those east of Vancouver who want to
use Comrade Knight, write to C. M.
O'Brien, Box 58, Coleman, Alta. Those
along the Coast can get dates from
Wm. Watts, secretary S. P. of C, New
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, C. Don't
be discouraged because you wrote tor
O'Brien and did not get him. It was a
rush trip he made. Comrade Knight Is
a good speaker and active worker and
wtll All all the dates he can get.
The best and cheapest
WORKWOMAN'S HOME
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
THE CHOICEST AND BEST UNION-MADE
CIGARS and TOBACCOS
LABOR TEMPLE CIGAR STORE
Magazines arid Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
One thousand carloads of potatoes
have been dumped Into a gravel pit
at Elgin, Illinois, so as to keep up
the prices of the commodity and at
the same time thousands of people
within a few miles of the place are
almost starving. Since this discovery
j charity workers have found out that
18,000 families are sorely In need of
food In Chicago, and a great stir has
been made about the destruction of
the spuds. Charity' workera would
have the spuds distributed amongst
the poor, but the men Interested in the
selling of potatoes say no, the potatoes
are ours, and we have a perfect right
to do as we like with our own goods.
When the products of labor belong to
labor, commodities will not be destroyed as long as people are In need
of them. There Is only one remedy
and that Is the collective ownership of
the means of wealth production.
Have you ever read the Manifesto
of the Socialist Party of Canada? Interesting and instructive, It Is well
worth ten cents of your money. Send
to the Dominion Secretary for a copy
or get one from the Local In your
town.
When the workers grow old, the
capitalist class do not want them in
their factories and the landlords do
not want them In their shacks. They
are of no further use to them aa profit makers and rent payers; hence we
flnd families turned out of their miser-
able shacks In almost every city.
n     C.     FHDKHATIONIST
-AND THLI. THHJM   WHY.
ATENTS
PR0HPTLV8EPURE
In an countries. Ask for our INVEN-
Toit'si A I )VISER,whloh will be stmt free,
MARION & MARION,
364 University St., Montrssl.
BOND GUARANTEES.
By T. EDWIN SMITH.
Premier Slfton Is making his greatest plea tor support on his railway
policy, and we should vote for htm or
not according as this railway policy
affects us. Let us examine It, and
Bee how we stand in relation to lt
His policy consists In having guaranteed the bonds of the C.N.R. and a
few subsidiary companies for various
branch lines and for various amounts.
Suppose one of these UneB, for example the C.N.R. from MacLead to
Calgary, a distance of 100 miles. The
Province of Alberta guarantees the
bonds ot this line to extent of $25,000
per mile at 4 per cent. The CNR.
can now issue bonds for, say, $2,600,
000 bearing 4 per cent. Interest, and
the Province of Alberta undertakes to
pay the Interest ln case the railway
company is not able to do so. This
would amount to $100,000 per year.
The Province of Alberta simply backs
the note for the C.N.R.
The whole thing hinges on whether
the C.N.R. can operate this branch of
line and earn this $100,000 over and
above all the operating expenses. In
considering this particular case, we
must assume that this branch Is operated as a separate road, and the earnings of this branch considered separately Instead of as merely as a part of
the whole system.
In actual practice this Is not done,
but we can do lt for purposes ot Illustration.
This road is to be used to transport
various commodities used by man
from the points of manufacture to the
consumer, and lnthe process value Is
given to the commodities transported.
But this road cannot move the commodities alone. The engines cannot
move unaided, nor will the cars roll
along. Human labor power Is needed.
This human labor power Is applied in
many ways. As wipers, switchmen,
mechanics, clerks, telegraphers, superintendents and others. There are two
factors ln the transportation. The depreciation of the plant and the necessary repairs and human labor power.
Both are necessary and both give
value to the commodities.
The $10,000 we spoke of before must
be part of the value given to the commodities moved. It Is what Ib left
over after all expenses Incident to
transportation are paid. It represents
no value given, so It must be value
taken with no equivalent rendered. It
must be part of the value added by
one ot the factors In transportation
mentioned above; either the passive
factor represented by the original cost
and necessary repairs and improvements or the active factor; the human
labor power. One of these factors has
given value to the commodities greater than It has taken out. Either the
equipment has given values to the
goods greater than Its own cost, or the
human labor power has given values
to the goods greater than It haa taken
out ln wages.   Which has lt been?
The equipment and the supplies
necessary to repair on the average
have been bought at their true value.
How can they give values greater than
themselves? Most emphatically no!
The steel rails spiked in position never
Increase in form, magnitude or usefulness to humanity, though left for a
million years. In fact they decrease,
for rust attacks them, and In a period
of time, varying according to local
conditions, wear out completely. A
steam engine can never Increase In
usefulness, but constantly decreases.
The reason for which we buy an
article and its value to us as pur-
chasers consists ln Its usefulness. All
Increases ln value are due to Increases
in usefulness to humanity, although
they are not necessarily ln the same
ratio. All changes and efforts that do
not increase the usefulness of some
parcel of existing matter are waste
efforts, and therefore without value.
All the equipment and supplies If
left alone can never Increase in value,
but on the contrary decrease. If they
are kept ln action during the decrease,
then the value lost by the one goes to
the other commodity. It they are
kept In Idleness the value has not
been transferred, but simply wasted.
The best we can do Is to transfer
the value of the equipment direct to
something else, but we can never
make It Increase. This being the case,
the equipment, roadbed and supplies
of tbat railway can never give to the
commodities moved values greater
than themselves.
There ts the other factor, human
labor power. The willingness and the
ability of the men to work. Can this
factor create values greater than It
takes back in wages? Most emphatically yes. The wages men receive for
work on the average Is determined by
the cost of living. The cost of living
Ib tbe amount of food, clothing, shelter and a certain amount of enjoyment necessary to enable the man to
do as good work the next day. The
average worklngman, by the use of
the Improved tools handed down by
society, Is enabled to produce far more
than he needs to keep him In decent
condition. Though he can do this he
must still be content with barely
enough to keep body and soul to-
gather, while the owner of the machine where he applies his labor takes
the rest. The difference' between the
wages (or cost of living) and tbe
value of the Increase to the object of
his labor Is called surplus values and
goes to others In the form of rent,
Interest and dividends.
We see, therefore that the active
factor In production (and transportation is simply one step In production)
can produce values greater than It
takes out In wages. This being the
case, that $100,000 that must be paid
out of the proceeds of transportation
on that line must be values created
by the men and withheld from them.
These men must give up part of the
products of their labor to men who
have produced nothing.
in the case of this line, MacKenzie
& Mann are the men who make the
workers give up this value. They are
supposed to have a right to control
these men by virtue ot their superior
smartness, cleverness, shrewdness, or
whatever you hove a mind to call lt,
Let ub assume, for example, that
for a certain year the railway has not
earned a profit of $100,000, or any
profit at all. In plain English, for one
year McKenzle & Mann were not
smart enough to take from these men
any part of their product without giving them some equivalent. In this
case the province of Alberta must
pay the money to the bondholders.
But the province of Alberta la not
merely an Inanimate thing, It la tbe
people ln that particular stretch of
Lettish Comrades, Attention I
Comrades: A Lettish organizer,
Miss Milda Klawtn, elected by a general vote of the U. S. and Canadian
Lettish members of the S. P., will take
a lecturing trip through Canada this
winter, beginning In January from the
eastern locals westward to Vancouver.
The foreign slaves In this country
are far more ln need of an organizer
than English, because of their lack of
language; they have to meet here
unfamiliar ways and strange traditions
ln the fight between capital and labor,
and an organizer Is the only one who
can put them on solid ground In the
revolutionary political force, and also
tie them up with all nationalities in a
union on the industrial field.
A labor union Is just as necessary
under the present system as our political S. P. Our victory Is their victory, and their victory ours.
Organized labor begins to draw
nearer socialism every day, and ln
many cases greatly supports It; Just
like the B. C. Federatlonist, a fighting
weekly, who takes action politically
ae well as Industrially, like a double-
bitted sword.
Every member of the S. P. should
get on the firing line for this paper.
Subscribe for lt, hustle for It, and at
the same time support us with our
organizer financially, especially Let-
tlsh comrades who are scattered all
over the Dominion.     Take   notice,
Funds could be sent directly to me
or Comrade Wm. Watts, Secretary,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C.
Further particulars about the organ-
Izer's trip, see the B, C. Federatlonist.
Fraternally yours,
P. ANDERSON,
Barnet, B.C.
SASKATCHEWAN DRY
FARMING CONGRESS
John B. Worst, President of the
North Dakota Agricultural college,
says that scientific dry farming will
reduce the high cost of living. J. S.
Dennis, assistant president of the C.
P. R„ Says: "Dry farming must be adopted by the farmers where Irrigation
Is Impossible, as a railway company
was mainly Interested In anything that
had for Its object the Improvement of
agricultural conditions." He also
states that "the man behind the
plough Is the man that bas made the
country." Dr. Bailey, official representative of President Taft to the dry
farming congress, also stated that "the
duty of every man on the land was to
do his best, for the surface of the land
belongs to society (?), and ln tbe future those who do not realize their responsibility will not be tolerated. With
this a new religion will come out of
the earth, a religion that means to
love, to work and to pray." Several
other speeches were made, but the
trend of the whole thing waa, "Work,
you sons of guns, work—for the moment you quit working, our or our
masters' profits cease; adopt every
scientific method you can because lt
means more In our pockets," and the
slave of the farm makes up his mind
to work ten times .harder and buy
more machinery, adopt new methods
and thereby Increase the Income of
his (master's) family.
The Saskatchewan government Is
boosting for two million of population.
Free farms for everybody. A hundred
doors of opportunity open for you.
Come now and Join in the prosperity.
Thus states a big advertisement and of
course suckers will come, they will
join in the prosperity but they will
get very little of lt. Wake up, you
slaves; get wise to the skin game and
Instead of being a bunch of suckers
you will get everything you produce
and the idler, the real estate booster
or the government hireling will have
to work by the sweat of their brow
and become useful citizens Instead of
a bunch of grafters.
territory. This money represents
something produced by those people.
The productive Industries of those |
people are farming, mining, transportation with small groups of retail and
manufacturing people. We will con-,
slder them as all being In the first
three.
Now, when the province of Alberta |
pays over to the bondholders In London $100,000, it delivers to them products of these people to that value.
It takes from the farmers and miners
$100,000 and hands it over to a group
of parasites.
McKenzle & Mann start out to ex- j
tract from the men engaged In trans-
portatlon $100,000, representing food,'
clothing and shelter. If they are not\
successful, A. J. Slfton, Cross ft Co.!
take the amount out of the farmers
and miners. McKenzle ft Mann do
not need to be clever any more. They
get the conventional reward for
shrewdness without needing to possess it. By his very act Slfton destroys the only excuse McKensle ft
Mann ever had for their existence.
This bond guarantee Is a fine thing.
It sets the miners and farmers against
the railroad men In spite of them-!
selves. If the railroaders kick on dividing up, so greatly we miners and
farmers will array ourselves against
them and to protect ourselves wa will
compel them to be submissive. The
railroad magnates set us to fighting
each other ond no matter wblch way
the victory goes they get the plum.
It Is a grand thing for another
reason. Now all the powers of the
courts, police and militia con be put
in action against every worker In the
province to see that they come
through, whether the recipients are
able to do anytnlng In return for lt
or not.
Farmers and miners of Alberta, re-
member this: "Slfton's policy of
bond guarantees Is simply a trick to
make us pay up If McKenzle ft Monn
aren't slick enough to rob the railroad
men."
65 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Tr»di Marks
Daaians
Copyright* Ae.
rsmsr' *olk«, vlttost cnsnrs, lo Us
Scientific Jltnericati.
musmlflq Jo5timj.
.iffi
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Others Will
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thirty-four thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine
readers represent a tremendous force which harnessed to a good intention would be a lever of inconceivable power.
Here ib a suggestion, a good suggestion and not
altogether a selfish one:
Will you today, tonight when you lay down this
paper, take advantage of THE FEDERATION-
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"LIBRARY OP ORIGINAL SOURCES" to the
person who sends in the greatest number of subs,
between now and Feb. 1,1913*?
Library of Original Sources
Should be
Read by
Every Unionist.
Tailing of a popular uprising In mediaeval England.
and how the people pot their rights.   A rare document   of   greatest   Interest   ana   Importance   to
wage-workers.
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Ought to bo In ever library."
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boon to workingmen who have
not time nor money to get a
college  education."
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urging ell my friends to secure your great work."
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The Library of Original Sources
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capitalist writers have deliberately kept from the people.
Gives—for the flrst time--the real facts behind the ordinary surface
events which you read of ln histories—the rock-bottom facts red-hot from
those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the TRUTH
even though they lost their lives for It—und you know how many of
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JOHN MOE
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434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
I nave just returned from Vancouver Island, where a number of mine
workers are on strike. So it Is expressed. Marx has taught us that
Just as we do not judge a man by
what he says himself, neither should
we judge social conditions hy their
expression.
There Is already considerable evidence that the trouble on Vancouver
Island Ib a lock-out. Under the rule
of capital wage slaves do not produce
wealth for their own use and enjoy-
ment, but for the proMt and glory of
the capitalist class. There are times
when lt pays to limit the output of an
Industry, and to put the blame on
others than those who are guilty.
The representatives of capital quietly
encroach upon the so-called dignity .ot
the slaves. That la, they reduce the
slave's portion (wages), then the
slaves come out on strike. So they
are blamed tor Industrial stagnation.
With this, as with most strikes of
late, the slaves have done everything
ln tbelr power (even to sacrificing
some ot the privileges that they form-
erly had) to avoid a strike. But the
representatives of the mine owners
refused, and the Conservative government, whose first minister Is also
minister of mines, also refused to try
to get a settlement.
According to the law, if a slave finds
gas and does not report lt. he Is committing a criminal offence, aa well as
a moral offence against himself and
his fellow slaves. Some time before
this strike a committee of slaves reported gas at or near where a number
of slaves had been killed ln a gas explosion. One of the committee notified the department of mines. The
following quotation ts a part of the
reply as well as an acknowledgment
ot the correctness of the committee's
report:
"I beg to say that those places will
be attended to at once, as 1 have been
out to see the places you refer to myself.—(Signed" Acting Chief Inspector
of Mines,"
For daring to take such interest In
the enforcement of the law regarding
the safety of his own life and that of
hla fellow slaves, one of the committee was discharged. Rather than
cause his Local Union any trouble trying to get him reinstated, he went
away about; one hundred miles to an
other mine' When they learned his
name they refused to employ him
Then the Union took up his case.
After every effort to do business
with the representatives of the mine
owners failed, they wrote to the Hon.
"- R<chard McBride, and asked the
following question:
"Sir, the Information that we desire
from you is this—when men are ap-
polntod-or elected sb a gas committee at any mines In the Province, and
do their duty under the law, what
protection does the law offer them?
Doea It prevent the employer or his
agents from discriminating against
them or discharging them In case
they make a report not satisfactory to
the management?" Signed by the
Union officials.
Note In the reply how the Hon. Sir
Richard evades the question: "Have
carefully perused your letter of the
"list Instant, and fall to find grounds
warranting ah Inquiry under the coal
mines regulation act." Signed, Minister or Mines.
He also refers them to certain sections ln said act which have about as
much bearing on the question as have
the Books of Matthew, Mark, Luke
and John.
The government was building a
wagon road surveyed through the new
towns populated by the slaves at No.
7 and 8 mines, near Cumberland.
Now that these slaves are on strike
the government has changed the survey; so these will be cloBed towns,
with private roads to the Klng'B highway.
Since I have been a member of the
Alberta Legislative Assembly I have
tried to get several Important amendments to the Coal Mines Act, but
each time they were voted down by
Liberals, Conservatives, and Independents. However, I was successful ln
getting the government to appoint a
commission to prepare a new Coal
Mines Act. I expect It will be submitted at the next session.
At tho last session I lutroduced a
res-lution censuring tho government
for the horrible conditions of the Alta
mines, particularly censuring the government for not prosecuting those responsible for 31 deaths in the Bellev.ue
disaster. I quoted statistics from the
1910 Blue Book complied by the Department of Mines at Ottowa to show
that from 1905 to 1910 Inclusive, Alber-
ta had killed and Injured seriously and
slightly more men and boys per thousand employed in the mines than In
any other part of the English speaking
world during this long period of time.
I also proved that the government,
snd particularly the mines department,
was familiar with these facts. I read
from their flies letters and telegrams
sent by Miners Unions telling of open
violation ot the Coal Mines Act, and
pleading with tbe government to take
some steps to protect the lives of the
men and boys. About the only record
to show any effort on the part of the
government to remedy these conditions was when urged by the Union
they prosecuted a mining company for
killing a boy under age In the mine,
for which the company was fined
twenty del tars.
In the face of these facta and many
more that I produced, that space will
not permit here, Liberals, Conservatives nnd Independents stood as one
man against the resolution. I stood
alone on the floor of that assembly in
support cf my resolution to censure
the government for allowing such
wholesale slaughter of mine slaves.
Ills Majesty's loyal Opposition
(most Loyal) the Conservatives, did
not dare support such a resolution, for
they are the political expression of the
C.P.R., and are heavily interested In
coal mines. A few weekB later the
Conservatives met ln convention at
Calgary. They did not take their representatives to task for supporting
the government by voting against my
resolution of censure; but, true to the
vulgar character of those who profess
one thing while acting another, they
Incorporated In their platform something to the effect that they believed
in more safety appliances for the
mines. No doubt such bait, coarse as
It Is, will catch some suckers, ill Informed slaves are usually very sceptical regarding every statement coming
from the political party of their own
olasa. But long experience at swallowing coarse, vulgar bait from capitalist
politicians has developed a wonderful
gullibility.
For about ten years the Socialists ln
the B.C. Legislature have been con-
stantly agitating the government for
better conditions and more protection
CHAlMUHWlttlllE
OF TABDAOI BiriBUD
TOMnrarasoFLABOi
After making' application to the
Minister of' Labor for the appointment
of a hoard to deal with the matter of
yardage at Fernle and Michel, the C.
N. P. Coal Company saw that the
union Is In earnest and asked that
the minister not to appoint a board
under the Lemleux Act until they had
an opportunity ot taking the grievance
up directly with the union. So now.
President Stubbs for the mine work-,
ers, and Commissioner McNeil for the
operators, have the whole dispute un-
-der consideration. -
A chairman could not be agreed
upon by these parties and Mr. Crothers has been asked to appoint one.
With regard to the dispute at Frank1
and Hosmer, Mr. J. 0. Hannah, of Calgary, haa been agreed, upon by Commissioner McNeil and President
Stubbs.—District Ledger. - ,
Says the Nelson News.
The long trial of the leaders of the
Lawrence, Mass., strikers has ended ln
acquittal. The -verdict will bring
pleasure to the labor unionists of the
continent, and will be commended by
others who know the circumstances of
the struggle ln whloh these men were
engaged.—Nelson News.
Fort William Wags Earner.
The Wage Earner, published at Fort
William and Port Arthur, Ont.
has entered upon the second year of
its career by enlarging to six pageB
Editor Fred Urry says the Wage
Earner haa broken even the flrst year
and the prospects for the coming year
are encouraging. As elsewhere, In
the transltlonary stage of the labor
movement, the difficulty of getting the
workers to act in unison politically Is
one of the problems which the Wage
Earner Is endeavoring to solve ln the
Twin Cities.
Wage Workers Forum
Metal Trades.
At tbe recent convention ot the
Metal Trades In Rochester, N.Y., lt
was agreed by the delegates to recommend to the organizations affiliated
the appointment of an organizer from
each International organization for the
purpose of conducting an organizing
campaign among the metal trades during the coming year. It Is expected
that all of the metal trades organizations will respond to this plan, the
effect of which will be to Inaugurate
a revival ln the metal trades and
secure a large number ot local councils, as well as an increased membership.
Winnipeg Municipal Politics.
The labor men of Winnipeg have
decided that henceforth elections tor
civic or other .honors will not be conducted in the haphazard manner characteristic of the past, but that lt will
be systematized as far as possible. To
this end the different unions are appointing delegates to a conference to
take place shortly, at which some sort
of an organization or party may be
formed, through the medium of which
labor men hope to elect their representatives to places where labor men
are absolutely needed to represent the
workerB, and secure legislation which
cannot be secured by any other
means. Much good ia expected from
this movement, and It is the hope of
all trade unionists that through it they
will be given the opportunity to "vote
as they walk."—C. A. H.
To the Jokers.
Say, brother, 'fees up now, honest
Injun like, and tell ub you Joke when
you talk about YOUR unionism,
You—who haven't reached that
point where you will cease handing
union made dollars to your "open
shop" enemy.
You—who haven't enough ability to
oven organize your purchasing power.
You—who work beside a non-unionist, day In and day out, and never
tell him what organized labor means.
You—who haven't ability enough
io demand nn eight-hour day, which
wi.l glvo you time for leisure and time
to think.
You—who won't even spend five
cents a month to support your labor
press.
You—who imagine you are working
wonders when you attend one meeting
a month.
You—who think you have "done
your part" tc-cause you probably served one term as torseant-at-arms, or
In some other office of your local
union, several years ago.
You—who look on your union __
a THING that will automatically Improve conditions. Instead of realizing
that YOU and men like you ARE the
union.
You—who sulk, and growl, and
fume, and worry, and fret, instead of
Jumping Into the fight—AND STAYING THERE—Instead of putting your
shoulder to tho wheel and saying a
good word for the fellow beside you,
who Is also lending a helping hand.
Don't fool yourself, brother. Begin now to LIVE the life of a UNION,
man. Of course, It's tough sledding
—the knocks aro hard and many. But
God Almighty has no use for a quit-
ter. Neither has this old world of
ours. Tho quickest way we can come
Into our own Is for every one to do
his or her port.
You may say, "Oh, It will come out
nil right."   That's only a guess,
remember—zlflV 66|Mc
But even If It's true, you must
remember that pome one else Ib doing
YOUR SHARE to make thla possible.
Some one Is drlng double duty because of your inaction. If you will
only do your part, "things will come
out sll right" Just that much quicker.
Oult lokln', brother. Got Into the
n>ht—AND STAY THERE.
He a UNION man, and not merely
a member of some labor organization.
•Toledo Union Leader.
Unfair Roemlng-Hsuse Competition.
Editor B.C. Federatlonist: The aver-
age rooming-house landlady, or landlord, depends for personal income
upon the difference between receipts
(rom the .letting ot rooms and the
various expenses of maintenance.
This is due to (allure lo grasp the
full significance of the rooming-house
business. Tbe custom ia to give as
much physical comfort aa ln possible
for the money without regard to the
spiritual well-being of the roomer.
This la lamentable; every rooming-
house ahould care for the souls of Its
patrons aa well aa the.r bodies. So
far from entailing additional expense,
this would eliminate expenses altogether, and the receipts would be clear
profit. How? Why, Just as soon aa
soma Interest would be taken ln keeping roomers out of hell, all expenses
would be Immediately assumed by the
Government and the Public.
Anyone who thinks this Is an Idle
dream, will please have an eye to the
Central Mission of this dty. This or
ganlzatlon conducts a large rooming-
house on Abbott Street, especially designed to catoh what money Is left In
the workingman's pocket after the
Skldroad" gets through with him. It
has, however, a more lofty purpose
even than this. That Is, to lit hla soul
for higher things and his body for
lower. To promise salvation on high
and teaoh resignation to low wages.
The McBride government could not,
then, refuse 110,000 to such a worthy
Institution knowing that when the
Central Mission gets through with a
man he Is ready to accept most anything that Is rotten on earth, and the
business ot strike-breaking be made so
much easier. The General Public also
comes through most liberally, that
vague quantity always being willing to
pay handsomely (or the privilege of
being deluded Into the belief that It Is
doing something charitable.
This article Is merely by way of advice to other rooming-house keepers
to do likewise. Undue competition
would, of course, spoil the game. The
proper way to do Is to (orm a coalition, then jointly hire preachers to
spread the gospel and good advice
among the various roomers at stated
Intervals. A whirlwind campaign tor
public support ot a "worthy cause"
would then be In order.
L. M. N. O.
Employers' "Benefit" Schemes.
When working men who have been
paying Into those supposed "benefit"
funds get down Into the question, and
begin to see how these benefits are
paid and what other things are between the lines, cleverly concealed by
these humanitarian features, they will
begin to question this form o( philanthropy nnd wonder whether they
have not been duped through these
Lcnofts.—Ubor Clarion.
Local Industries,
Mr. Dennlson's statement to the Progress (jlub concerning Vancouver
should arrest the attention of those
who nre advocating new industries (or
this neighborhood. The Vancouver
printing Industry pays out $443,380 a
year In wages. ThlB goes largely to
high class workerB, who maintain (amines and are good customers for local
traders. But the business men of Vancouver appear to be paying $160,000 a
year for work done ln other parts of
the country and are thus encouraging
one industry to remain away from Vancouver. Moreover, the- Vancouver
printing firms spend much money here
besides the amount paid ln wages and
salaries. They use paper made ln this
provinoe. They pay rent and buy supplies here. Besides the craftsmen who
work In printing o.i.ces there are
clerks and other office people. It will
he seen that an Industry supporting
many hundreds of persons could be
added to Vancouver by the general
consent of local business men to have
their printing done at home.—News-
Ad. editorial.
$100,000 worth of Staple and Fancy Goods to bo Cleared Oxbsfot*
the first of Iht^ycer, when a new Propittonhip takes over this I   '
TOOLS
I4.se Carborundum Orlnders IMS
S7.S0 Carborundum Grinders (MS
Siy.OO Carborundum Grinders SUM
These aro the latest model In oil
running machines.
25 only. Stanley Wood Bottom Jack
and" Jointer Planes.   Values to
11.00: to clear at .......MM
■aad sns In all makes; values to
It**; for  -IMS
Those are fully warranted saws.
loan
t for .
Sawei regular
•I regular 11.21 for
Oaspsatssi" Isms-Seven pocket
heavy brown duek; regular
and 11.25, for. ,.
3, 4 and 5-Inch Tapes ITloa, four
for  .........  ....Me
1-inch Stillson Wronohw; rotular
8-Inch Stliison Wri'ncriisr rwiuu-
ll.lt ._*»..., .J._L»*e
10-Inch Stillson Wrenches: rotruUU-
11.21 .. Me
14-Inch SMIIsoa Wrenehao; rotular
♦1.71  J..-JLM
Quick out Emory Oil Stones, tie .
value for . ._........._._.Me
11.00 also for™...-.. Ma
Builders' Hardware
Cupboard catches, 15c, each. M
Caaamena adjusters, post mado„S0o
Casement fasteners....... —...IM.
4-ln. Japanned door butts, palr„.le
-Hat and coat books, 8 dos. ato
Drawer pulls, dos...... ......_....4Be
Steel butts, par pair. le
Strap hinges, pair.......... ..lOo
Doer belts, eaoh. .  IM
BELOW COST Is the rule of this Sale theCo-
operative plan is suspended till further notice
H
ON IG STORE
56-5840 HASTINGS ST.  EAST
TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 3472 and: 3473
s
FALL SHOES FOR MEN
•       ■ - ■'  '' -
Shoat for-S orvloo Shoos for Contort
Shoos tor Dross     Shoos for stworr Rosrutromot
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
of every man who desires the beat shoes his money oan buy.
Wf     ft P  P    204 MAIN STREET
•  Joj    \J MS. IV OppMte the City HaB
Named Shoos Aro frequently
Made) In Non-Unsoit foctorlos
DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
no matter what its name, unlaw it bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stomp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non- Union.
Boot A Shoo -WorHors* Vision
246 Summer Street. Boston, Haas.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Bains, See.-Treas.
Honest Leather
WORKED UP BY
COMPETENT WORKMEN
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
GOOD SHOES
THE ONLY KIND WE HANDLE
TUB SHOE TJT^^^^^^   Look for the
specialist    Yy   m^sf X^J \J  Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W.. near Cambie
tor the slaves. They Introduced many
important amendments, and were successful In having some ot them Incorporated In the Mines Act. Tbe Socialists said the Act was far from being
what they desired, yet it was one ot
the best Acts they knew of. When the
Chief Inspector ot Mines cancelled the
certificate of a mine manager who discharged a slave because he reported
gas, the slaves did not suspect that
this, with other such acts, was so
much bait to catch suckers; but when
the election took place the Chief Inspector of Mines was a candidate, and
ejected on a master class ticket. His
successor, the new Chief Inspector of
Mines- returned the certificate, and
that mine manager Is now taking the
place of one ot the striking slaves.
It would take volumes to tell of all
the coarse bait that slaves have swallowed at election times, and there are
still as easy suckers aa ever were
caught; but they are not so numerous,
thanks to the Socialist propaganda.
The slaves are learning to view things
ss Ihey are, not as they appear. -
C. M. O'BRIEN.
A Loss to ths Civic Federation.
Mark 1 lamia was more than
shrewd politician. He came nearer
being a statesman than any other man
In American public life within the last
forty years. One of his biggest Ideas
waa tint of the Civic Federation.
1 Haima clearly understood the fundamental conflict of Interest between
capital und labor, nnC he saw In this
comllct a grave danger to society as
now organized, and did his utmost to
aveit it. He used all his great powers to build up an Institution which,
be hoped, might indefinitely postpone
the decisive struggle and prolong the
lite ot capitalism. He did not Imagine
that the Interests of the two classes
could be harmonized. Uut he thought
that a modus Vivendi might be estab-
Ilsbed between them and the antagonism prevented from reaching a breaking strain.
If Hanna's great plan Is falling, the
cause of its failure Is the stubborn
arrogance of the class he sought to
save, ihe Civic Federation was
launched under favorable auspices.
In spite of Socialist warnings, the
working people as a whole were
pleased with the Idea. Many labor
disputes were settled at small cost to
the employers. Prominent labor leaders wore cajoled into becoming the
diplomatic representatives of capitalism within the labor organizations.
Sevoral large unions seemed for the
time entirely deprived of militant
spirit, Bui, unluckily for the founder's hopes, the masters of Industry
.wore too much Intoxicated with powor
to keep up even a plausible show of
moderation. Muny great ctpltallBts
stood aloof. Even among the Civic
Federation leaders were some who, ln
their separate dealings with labor,
threw away the velvet glove and ruthlessly used the Iron band. Their
leedB spoke loujlei- than their words,
and the working class gradually
opened Its oyer;.
A year or more ago the United
Mine WorkerB—the largest union in
the country, numbering 339,000 men
after long end sharp discuBSlon gave
ts leaders the option of cutting loose
from the Civic Federation or forfeiting their union membership. This example has now heen followed by the
Brotherhood of Carpenters, with Its
240,000 members, whose national con*
ventlon has peremptorily ordered Its
officers to sever their connection with
the Civic Federation. It also passed
l resolution advising local unions to
discuss social mtestlons with a view
'n the overthrow of tho wage system
find the establishment of tho co-operative commonwealth. The words of
the Socialist dolegates who proposed
these measures probably counted for
less than the acts ot the organised
employers, who have been using the
lockout, the blacklist, and the Injunction to prevent tbe union from
getting a foothold among Ihe workers
employed In the manufacture ot sash,
doors, blinds and other carpenters'
materials.—Metropolitan.
Get Your Money's Worth
Patronize Home Industry
BY ASKING
FOR THIS
ON YOUR
PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
The Beer Without
a reer
one
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY  ...DECEMBER   6,   1*12
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Province and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Whale Brand
■sjjjfcl**
"Site,   Strength,    Endurance"
OVERALLS
They are beyond question ■
brand of overalls that "speak for
themselves." The expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a solid and
worthy reputation ONLY for the
"WHALE BRAND OVERALLS."
The pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are made to suit
your "POCKETS."
FOB BALB A* TOUB CLOTEXn
A. WADDINGTON
aujnrrAOTnBBB,
aa Water at,     TueouTor, s. 0.
B. C. City Advertises In Labor Paper.
The City ot New Westminster Is advertising £256,300 sterling 414 per
cent, debentures for sale ln The Dally
Citizen, the new Old Country Labor
dally newspaper. Circulation counts,
to be sure; but there must be others
than wage-workers reading The Citi-
sen.
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the oool weather at
W. TURNER
897 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
Nanalmo Mines Change Hands
Newspaper reports indicate that the
coal mine interests of the Western
Fuel Co. at Nanalmo have been purchased by a big London company, capitalised at 17,500,000, a sum that will
keep the coal diggers busy paying the
normal rate ot Interest upon. Manager
Stockett continues in charge.
Congress Delegate Returns
D. S. Cameron, New Westminster
Trades and Labor Council delegate to
the Ouelph convention of the Trades
and Labor Congress ot Canada, who
proceeded to the Old Cuntry from
Ouelph has returned to the Royal
City, after a pleasant holiday. He Is
again In harness, and as secretary of
the new Westminster Labor Temple
Co. is endeavoring to make up for lost
time.
nr\ with
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
We can furnish
YOUR HOME
Won't you let
ui have your
oidei
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
MASS-MEETING SUNDAY
IN DOMINION THEATRE
An Awful Price.
The following advt. appears ln a
Victoria daily paper: "88th Victoria
Fusiliers, 917 Douglas Street, Victoria,
B.C. Notice—Recruits are wanted for
the above Regiment. Terms of enlist
ment are for three years. All men
must be In regular employment, and
must pay an entrance fee of $5.00 to
the Regimental fund on attestation
Orderly room will be held on Tuesdays
and Thursday at 8 p.m., commencing
on Thursday, the 21st Inst.—W.
BBALB, Major, Acting Adjutant."
Alberta Coal Mines Regulation
Before the opening of the coming
session of the Alberta legislature and
probably within the next month, the
report of the coal mines commission,
appointed early in the year for the
purpose of inquiring Into proposed
changes In the Coal Mines Act, will be
presented to the cabinet. John T. Stirling, provincial Inspector of mines,
who as a member ot tne commission
has been ln attendance at every session held during the summer and fall
months, states that a number of Important changes will he recommended
with a view to Increasing the safeguards against explosions ln the mines
and Increasing the means of escape ln
even of a disaster.
"When, a union elects a member to
an official position It does so not to
make him a target tor censure anl
abuse, but that he may be a center
around which the members shall
gather to make effective the work ot
the organisation. This Is a lessn«
that has no ttaken hard enough hold
on the minds of union members
There Is a peculiar perversity possessing many union people that makes
them knock the men they have elected
to office. They seem to have an li
that because they have elected a
brother to office tbey have a right to
dog him to their hearts' content. They
treat nim very much the same way
the Indians used to treat their squaws,
only worse... The Indian male his
squaw do the work, but he did not
have much to say, while the union
man piles all the work of the organization on the shoulders ot the officer
and a heap of abuse on als head. 1
the union members who are guilty of
this folly, would have aB much to say
in the way of boosting as they have
In the way of knocking, how easy
would be tho worn ot the officers and
how successful the organization."
Mr. Union Man
Here is tho place to
buy a union - made
HAT
Wo oarry the largest
assortment of union-   '
made lints in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
-IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings nnd
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 Hats
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
•J When you buy your suits
(rom us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
«J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HASTINGS ST.
VANCOUVER.
EAST
B.  C.
OITY COUNCIL ASKED
TO AH) IN TRAINING IN
GENTLE ART OF MURDER
Never 80 Many Requests Made
for "Charity" as During this
"Prosperous" Tear.
What will Vancouver's chancellory
of the exchequer—otherwise the finance committee—do with the two appeals for monetary help which will
come before lt at Its next meeting?
The appeals are widely apart ln
their Intent, as one Is to aid ln training good little boys to become good
soldiers, and the other Is to help to
buy Christmas presents for the children ot those miners on the Island,
who have been on strike since September.
Working men of Vancouver will
wait somewhat Impatiently to see the
members ot the finance committee
torn between the upper and nether
millstones ot a desire to make a grand
gift of some hundreds of dollars to
buy uniforms for would-be cadets who
ought to be spanked and put to bed,
and the chance of contributing a humble little sum towards the very laudable object of bringing a little joy and
dren who are suffering because their
brightness into the lives of little ohil-
fathers are fighting for a great principle—the right ot themselveB and
their babies to live decently.
Is It not the Irony of fate that the
finance committee may make a gift
that will help to train some lads care
Fully and gloriously to shoot down ln
vears to come some other lad whose
Christmas this year will be dull Indeed If a few paltry dollars cannot be
collected.
Just listen to this:
At Monday evening's council meeting a letter was read from the Cadet
with the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders,
dorps, recently formed ln connection
itatlng that 148 boys had already
Joined and a hundred uniforms had
lust been received from Scotland,
These, after payment of freight and
1uty, had cost $20 apiece. The motive
of the corps was to make the boys
?ood citizens and good soldiers. So
far the corpB had been entirely successful, although handicapped by lack
it funds ln paying for their uniforms
ind providing a proper place to carry
on the winter's work.
Wouldn't that rasp you? But what
tbout this tor a piece of bumptious
effrontery?
The corps actually has the Impudence to ask for an annual grant of
12,000.
Quite ln keeping, isn't lt, with the
spirit of that great Christ of Galilee,
whoBe coming we commemorate during this month.
By all means, train the boys to be
?ood soldiers; then some time when
their brothers are fighting the old, old
never-ending light for Improved conditions, the authorities can trot put
hese nicely trained boys, armed with
magazine rifles and biff! the worktop
man Is over-awed and he must crawl
Into his hole or come a-runnlng and
eat out of the capitalists' hands such
old hard crusts as, out ot their beneficent natures, they choose to give.
Two thousand dollars, to make decent human boys Into kilted killers;
'wo thousand dollars to aid In training
healthy and mischievous lads to grow
up Into uniformed, legalized murderers.
Two thousand dollars!
Two thousand hells, more like!
What a difference between this arro-
-ant appeal and the humble petition 0'
Hobert Walkenshaw, of Ladysmlth
who, as one ot a committee, are seek-
'ng to raise a sum of money with
which to buy Christmas presents for
'he unfortunate children of the miners
of that district.
This Is the recognized season of
"Peace on earth and goodwill to men,'
Mthiwh Christ and Mahomet seem to
he having a deucedly rough scrap ln
the Balkans.
But on the subject of children at
Christmas time we all ought to be at
one.
It Is no fault of the little ones that
'heir fathers' homes will not be visited
by Santa Claus this year, -so whv
should the children have their youne
hearts wrung with anguish because
fhere are no toys for them at Christmas.
Vancouver's nuances are almost at
their last gasp for this year, but eurelv
to God, there Is not a decent minded
man or woman In this fabulously
wealthy city, who would scruple at
the city recommending a decent sum
for a delightful cause, even If some 0'
'he would-he cadets- had to go with
his legs entirely bare.
Wh«t will the committee do? Th'
'wd knows, but Vancouver will wait
with mixed feelings the outcome ot
the members' deliberations.
.Inst a suetrestlon: A few of the
chairman's chocolates thrown ln for
good measure would not hurt him and
would pleaBe a few chlnldren who do
not get many luxuries.
Everybody seems to be wantlnp
money nowadays. Even the Salvation
Army hss been holding out Its red-
trimmed hat and hss rrnthered In fGOO
of the city's good dollars,
Yet Staff Captain White said there
was not ss much privation In the cltv
ns one might Imagine from the nature
nf his request. But he wanted a little
heln In dealing with individual cases
Curious tbat! What Is privation
made up of, If not from Individual
cases.
So when the Army Is on the war-
nnth and doing good by anything but
ntealth, they come around asking for
"win from extraneous sources, meanwhile salting down their own wealth
in good renl estate, whloh cannot be
Mown to Eternal Light or Friend
Lucifer, snd then sitting back with
the patience of a .ir-llf-bellled Job to
wait for the Inevitable increase in
value.
But if they desire to feed the nun.
srv even nt somebody else's expense,
here's morn power to them!
The electors of Vancouver will be
"•''nd In Janiinrv to nnns a bylaw for
170.000 to purchase sites and acquire
niil'dlnga for creche purnoaes, and a"
these are used for caring for little
children while their mothers are out
fiarnlne their living honorablv if hardly, we hope the ratepayers will give lt
a gigantic majority.
NEW WESTMINSTER
TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL MEETINO
Enter Municipal Politics; Endorse
Industrial Unionism and Raise
$137.60 for Widow.
Regular meeting held on Wednesday, Nov. 28, Vice-President Cameron
in the chair.
The minutes of previous meeting
were read and adopted.
Credentials were read from the
Lathers for B. Dodson, L. Cotell and
H. U. Stroup, accompanied by the affiliation fee of (5. Credentials were
received, and Delegates Dodson and
Cottell were obligated.
Communications.
International Association of Machln-
InstB.   Reference to new business,
Report of Committees.
The Municipal Election Committee
reported that a public meeting Is to
be held on Friday, Nov. 29, tor the
purpose of nominating candidates for
civic honors.   Committee continued.
Tbe Entertainment Committee reported that the benefit concert was a
success, the sum of $137.00 being realized for Mrs. Hardgraves, Committee continued.
Reports from Unions,
Typos., all working.
Plumbers, business slack. Industrial unionism lost by 12 votes to 20.
Clgarmakers, one shop closed at present.
Street Railway employees, a vote on
Industrial unionism 425 for, 12 against.
A.S. Carpenters, nearly all working.
Bakers, absent.
Teamsters, still adding new members.
U.B. Carpenters, going along well
and everybody wormng.
Painters, work slack on account of
weather.
Letter Carriers, all working, busy
reason beginning.
Lathers, a little slack.
Unfinished Business.
The communication from the Van-
couver Trades and Labor Council re
'ndustrlal unionism, was brought up.
Moved and seconded tbat a vote be
aken. Considerable discussion en-
wed, both of Instruction and edification of the meeting. Del. Maiden
Uated that the Typos had a majority
against Industrial Unionism and the
delegates had been instructed to vote
against lt. Some of the members suspecting It was merely Socialism with
whiskers, and others did not know
what was meant by Industrial Unionism. Del. Grant explained that Industrial Unionism means Unions by Industries as against the present craft
torm of organization; while Socialism
means th abolition ot the wage system entirely and the establishment of
1 cooperative commonwealth, two entirely different propositions.
The vote stood 14 for, 6 against. The
unions who have taken a vote reported
is follows:
For AgalnBt
Typos   5       a
Plumbers 12
Cigar-makers  11
3t. Ry. Employees 425
A. S. Carpenters 20
Teamsters  12
U. B. Carpenters 20
New Business: Communication from
Winnipeg Ma'c|)lnlsts asking this body
to forward resolution to the Dominion
Premier, Minister of Labor, the Minister of Public Works and the Minister
of Railways protesting against public
money hclng granted to a company
ivhose employees are on strike, snd
"alnRt the giving over of the Gov-
rnment railway shops at Tfanscona
to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.
On motion the secretary' was instructed to comply with the request.
Bro. Geo. Pettigrew of Nanalmo, Dls-
'rlct Board Member of the United
Mine Workers ot America,, addressed
the meeting, giving an excellent resume of the Mine Workers' strike on
Vancouver Island and incidentally
traced the growth of Industrial Union-
Ism in Great Britain.   .
A hearty vote of thanks was tendered to Bro. Pettigrew for his In-
-tractive address and delegates urged
to bring up this matter at their next
meeting.    Del. Glbb suggests    that
6
12
0
0
4
BIO STRIKE ON AMONG
ALGOMA STEEL WORKS
AT SAULT STE. MARIE
New Corporation Imposes New
Cow Conditions on Workmen
and Refuse to Compromise
SAULT STE. MARIE, ONT., Nov. 23
—The conditions of work, time and
pay In the Algoma Steel Works where
the men worked-were: Time and a
quarter for overtime until 10 o'clock,
and time and a halt after that hour;
time and a half for Sunday work, I.e.,
12 hours for 8. Not much work en
Sunday and none for the blacksmith
except in case of break-downs.
The Algoma Iron Works were transferred to the Algoma Steel Company
in September. The men got their September and October pay under the
new management. No change was
made In their pay, the time of their
pay, tbelr time or Sunday work, even
the pay sheets were the same.
On or about September 30th, a notice was posted which read as follows:
"From this date, the Algoma Iron
Works will take their time from the
Steel Plant; .'" am. till 12 noon; and
12:60 to ti p.m. on all days except
Saturdays, and on Saturdays, ? to 12
a.m. and 12:60 to 5 p.m." This notice waa signed by "H. Derrer, Supt.,
Algoma Iron Works." The Moulders
were told-by Mr. Derrer that they
were not working under the steel
plant regulations or time, so the men
who had been transferred from the
Algoma Iron Works had had no Intimation of any change in their regulations under the steel plant management.
The first Intimation they had was on
Sunday, Nov, 3rd. Some of the men
were called ot to work, During the
day the foreman blacksmith told them
that they were working on steel plant
time. The men worked under protest
The foreman told Mr. Derrer of their
complaint. His reply was that they
would receive their old rate for that
day. This intimation caused a meeting to be called by the men during the
week ln which they said that lt they
were asked to work on Sunday, they
would Inquire of the foreman If lt were
necessary work and tf they were working under the old rates for Sunday
work. If assured that lt was necessary and that they were working un.
der the old rates, they would work,
otherwise, they would not
On Saturday evening, Nov. 9th, the
foremen of the machine shop, blacksmith shop and boiler shop asked most
of the men to report for work on Sunday. The foremen told the men that
they would receive time and a quarter,
Instead of what they had always received, time and a half for tbe work.
They did not go to work.
On Monday morning when they returned to work, they found this notice: "The machine shop, blacksmith
shop and boiler shop will be closed
down, and the men find their pay
checks at the time office, at 7 o'clock."
The molders went to work on Monday, and when tbey asked Supt Duncan whether or not they would get pay
for overtime, the same as they had always, be replied, "No, no extra pay tor
overtime, If compelled to work 15
hours or less; but If they worked 16
hours or more they would receive
double time. This, we foundry men,
say is unreasonable, aB lt Is practically
impossible for a man to work ln a
foundry on a single Job, 6 hours over
time.
To sum up:    It there were any
changes to take place concerning time
or pay, we feel we should have been
consulted, or at least notified.   We
consider, further, that the Company's
way ot dismissing us was unfair and
should be beneath the dignity ot a
great corporation.   To call ua all out
for Sunday work, a thing unprecedented, and then dismiss us tor not coming, when they knew as well as we,
that It was not for emergency work,
was not fair treatment   Had   they
wanted to cut down our wages, they
could have told us; had they wanted
to dismiss us trom their employ, they
could at least have posted a notice to
that effect.   We men do not want to
work on Sunday and If compelled to
do so, we ought to get time and a half
._. for our work.   Ut Because lt Is what
here Is a splendid! opportunity for the we have always had and no notice of
organisation committee to get busy, any change had been given.  2nd. 2nd
as the Electrical Workers and others  Because the wear and tear of seven
ire ready for organization. 1 days' work a week on our bodies and
Del. Jamleson for Bartenders asked minds Is such that we ought to get the
If the Cosmopolitan Hotel had been extra price for it. We feel that
olaced on the unfair list and was In- the time and a half Is needed, as pro-
formed that no such action had ever tectlon to us from Sunday work,
126-127 Hastings Street Weat
also 614-616 Yates Street
Victoria
Down Go
Overcoat
Prices
Our brisk Overcoat selling
this fall has left us with a lot
of broken lines. Just one or two
of each number in stock.
«J We have picked these
odd lines out, between fifty
and and sixty overcoats in
all, and will plaoe them on
•ale Friday and Saturday
at the following greatly
reduced prices.
H8 to $20 Overocata 114.76
$22,60 to 127.60 Qvercosts .t18,7»
$30 to $35 Overcoats $24.76
*J These coats are our very
best selling lines, in the new
shades of Brown, Blue,
Gray, in the diagonal and
combed fleeced tweeds.
DO  NOT  MISS  A  CHANCE
LIKE THIS.
Look for the Red
Arrow Sign
J. N. Harvey
LIMITED
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S-HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B.  C.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
NEW PROCINCIAL EXECUTIVE
TO BE ELECTED NEXT SUNDAY
A convention of all the locals of the
Socialist Party of Canada within the
Vancouver City electoral riding will
be held on Sunday, Dec. 8, at 3 pm.,
(or the purpose of electing a provincial
committee, which is aiso the Dominion
executive committee, pending the calling of a Dominion convention. Two
English-speaking Locals Nos. 1 and
89; the Lettish and the Finnish Locals
will be present. Some drastic changes
are slated.
U. 8. Department of Labor.
President-elect Wilson of the United
States la credited with the announcement that It Is his intention to initiate
measures that will result In the estab-
Ishment of a Department ot Labor,
separate and distinct from existing
departments.
B.C. Miner st Bisbee, Arl.
B. Graham, an old-time quarts miner
of B.C., Is now located at Bisbee, Arizona. He writes: " . . . I find the
miners more alive and advanced concerning their own welfare than when!
was here last. The SoolalUt party
maintains Its headquarters ln the
Union hall, and nobody seems to be
apologizing for lt. The union here Is
over a thousand strong, and still growing. Debs polled a majority vote ln
No. 1 ward. Muckers receive 13.75;
miners $4.   .   ."
een taken by this council. Bro,
Jamleson stated that the. Cosmopolitan
is and always has been.
Receipts $8.00.
Meeting adjourned at 10:30 p. m.
As Viewed at Seattle.
The best news that has reached Seattle for many moons, from a union
standpoint, was flashed over the wires
ast Saturday evening, when we were
Informed that the next convention ot
'he American Federation of Labor will
meet In our city next year, and lt Is
naturally expected that every member
ot every union In th city will be as
proud of the fact as he would be to
attend one of his old tlme"Down East"
neighborhood reunions. For while he
may not meet his personal friends at
this convention, he will have a chance
to meet those friends who have been
tried out ln the tests of unionism and
found   not   Wantine    Therefore  his
>ry best friends. Brothers, a year Is
only a little span; let ut not lose Bltrht
of the fact, for one day of th« time
'111 this convention approaches, that
ve are to be the hosts and, to make
the visit of our guests a pleasant one
ts well aB one fraught with much good
to organized labor generally, all along
the Pacific coast, should be our whole
aim. Therefore, from this day till our
guests have arrived let us not cease
in our preparation for them. Let us
start the pot boiling and keep it boiling until the feast is spread. The car-
penters of Seattle have ever held the
banner for a progressive union, bo let
us not give lt over now to some other
union. Let us commence boosting and
'Teep boosting for A, F. of L., Seattle,
1913.—Seattle Record,
A. P. of L. 1913 Convention
That the holding ot the next American Federation of Labor ln Seattle will
prove the greatest boon to organised
labor in the Pacific Northwest, and
nartlcularly the International Shingle
Weavers' Union of America, Is with-
out argument After a careful study
of the proceedings of the Rochester
convention, just closed, no conclusion
can be reached other than that the
1913 meeting will witness manv radical changes In the American Federation of Labor, politically, Industrially
and otherwise. Many of these will be
welcomed by the rank and file, especially by those who take a broader
view of the labor question thsn la
found ln the present form of unionism.
—Shingle Weaver.
Following our previous statement
regarding the men's side of the question, perhaps It Is wise to give some
Idea of the efforts put forward by the
workmen to effect a conciliation.
They have approached the mayors
of Sault Ste. Marie and Steelton, and
also several of the ministers of the district, and have Influenced them to put
forth efforts to bring the management
and a committee together to discuss
the situation and if possible to come to
terms.
All efforts of these gentlemen have
failed, the officials refusing to meet
anyone.
Further than that, the men have
spoken with Mr. A. C. Boyce, M.P. for
tho district, and he promised to do all
he could.
This morning a committee of three
men called upon Mr. Hale, comptroller
of the steel corporation, at his office,
but he would not see them, He referred them to Mr. Duncan, mechanical superintendent, with whom they
got ln telephone communication, but
Mr. Duncan refused to meet them.
This leaves the matter at a standstill, the company evidently being unable to face a just argument.
Committee:
S. J. PEPLOW.
J. STUART.
M. WILKS.
Demand Union-Made Bread
It Is said that many bakeries ln the
city are discouraging the use of the
union label by telling patrons that
their bread is union made, but that
labels are scarce and can not be obtained. Unton men and women should
not pay any attention to such statements as they are wholly untrue and
every employer can get an unlimited
supply of them. Demand the union
label and see that you get lt.
Thoughtful Union.
A resolution of condolence and sympathy was passed on Friday evening
by the Edmonton Street Railway Employees, and is forwarded to Mr. and
Mrs. Ecker, parents of the little schoolboy who met a tragic death beneath
an electric car last week. The resolution Is as follows:
"Dear Mr. and Mrs. Ecker—I am instructed by. the employees of the
street railway department, division
Still, to tender you our deepest and
heartfelt sympathy ln the sad bereavement which befell you In the loss of
your little son. I may say next to
yourselves, there Is no one who feels
more deeply than the car crew.
Trusting that Ume will soften the
blow, we remain, yours ln sympathy,
Edmonton Htree. Railway Department,
Division 569—Charles H. Wentworth,
recording secretary."
/'Honey at half the price of butter
Does that tempt you? It's from the
fertile alfalfa fields In the mountain
valleys of Idaho, and It's pure, Oet a
li0.pound tin for $9.00 delivered. Write
jr phone O. L. Charlton, City Market,
i a.rmont 2047.
LAKQLslYl— Owner lias a few 6 1-4
and 5 3-4 aero farm*, 12 miles from New
Westminster, near B. C. K R. Rich soil,
suitable for fruit and gardening. Wlshei
to sell at once snd will take on-thlrd
lesB than price of surrounding property.
Three year terms, No Interost, No
Agents, For full particulars apply Box
2343, North Vancouver.
Carpenters Wanted.
All carpenters, their families, sweethearts, and friends who wish to get
together and get acquainted, are
specially invited to participate in the
first joint social evening this season,
under the auBplces of the Vancouver
and District Carpenters' organisations,
to be held ln tho Labor Temple on
Thursday, 19th Dec, at 8 p.m. This
social will take the form of a whist
drive (for which prises will be donated) ln the early part ot the evening,
after which a dance will be held,
when all those Inclined can trip the
"light fantastic" to their heart's content. Songs and recitations will be
riven and refreshments provided, the
committee ln charge leaving no stone
unturned in their efforta to make this
tho event of the season. The New
Westminster carpenters Intend giving
all their assistance, and are represented on the committee. So all together
tor the carpenters' social. Tickets 50
cents each (ladies free), are now on
sale and can be had from the business
agents or members of the committee.
H. J. McB.
SXJOOHX) JTABBOWS BBIOOB construction will soon start. Buy now before
prices Jump: four large lots left: only
a block from waterfront, right at Second Narrows; $560 each; quarter cash,
balance «, 12, 18 months. What, will
tlie«e be worth when building begins?
Whltaker & Whltnker, The North Vancouver Experts, 430 Howe street, Van.
couvar,
, It Is not often that The Federationist can agree with Attorney-General
Bowser; hut the way he put It up to
the moral reform Vancouver delegation last week was worth while. That
the advice of the Attorney-General to
the clergymen ln queatlon will be
acted upon seems Improbable, Judging
from previous records of that brand of
social surface-skinners.
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy ail the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
& COMPANY, LIMITED
34S Hsstings W.   630 Oranvllle
619 Hastings W.
FOB EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SEE
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Sey, 955
Direct Importers of
TALISKER
WHI8KY
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
L BURNS & CO.
Hardware and Furniture
Dealers
Carpenters' Tools Our Specialty
Bargain hale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stovea at
prices that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
$10 Makes First Payment
on 10-acre Farm
We are offering for sale a limited number of specially selected
10, 20 and 40 acre farms In the Bella Coola district, suitable for
mixed farming, hog raising, poultry raising or fruit growing. Ids.:
climate; mild winters; good sell; plenty of water; praotloally no
clearing; level, open land. Sigtll ba served by two railroads. Unlimited markst. Good road and government telegraph line right
to tha property. Prloe while they last 120 per acre; payable on the
very easy terms of *1 per acre cash, balance $1 per acre per month.
No interest. Send your name and address for further particulars to:"
J. I. Eakin & Co.
418 Holden Building,
Vanoouvsr, *B. C.
Name
Addr aa

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