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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 21, 1912

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Fourth. Year, No. 76,
(President B. C. Federation of-Labor)
The B. C. Federatlonist has a duty
to perform, not only to the organised
workers, but to all citlsens, There
are tour legitimate dally newspapers
ln Vancouver—and the Saturday Sunset. Not one of these organs of "voracity" dare tell the truth as to what
they think will he the labor situation
In Vancouver next winter. The reason Is, tbat lt would not pay tbem to
do so, because It would antagonise tbe
"Interests," who support them by advertisement contracts and money subsidies for political purposes. The ethical standard of tbe press of this city
Is typified by the real estate dealer's
motto which says, "stand not on the
order of your getting—but get." And
woe betide any who dare to say that
there Is trouble ahead. Aa President
ot the Trades and Labor Council ot
Vancouver, I prophesied last summer
that last winter would be one of the
worst that the working class ln Vancouver had ever passed through, and
subsequent events justified my statement. There were anywhere between
8,000 and 12,000 unemployed workmen
In the city and the close connection
between unemployment and crime was
plainly seen by all who had the Intelligence to understand and sufficient hen-
esty to be honest with themselves.
Stores, cafes, hotels, street cars, men
and women were nightly  -
Held Up and Robbed
—not only In secluded places, but right
In the very heart ot the city Itself.
Some ot the offenders were caught
and sentenced to terms of punishment
which were the reflections of a terror
stricken propertied class. One ot the
most notorious hold-up caaes was that
of the Mclntyre cafe on Seymour
street. This house with a fifty-foot
frontage, brilliantly lighted, full of
people, and situated within two blocks
of Granville and Hastings streets—
the two principal thoroughfares—was
held up at the point of the gun at 8:45
p.m. and the contents ot the cash register taken away by some practical
humorist who has never been heard
of since. This was only an Instance
of many others of a similar kind.
Then there were the terrible "Black
Sundays," invented by Mayor Flndlay
and Messrs. Williamson and Leek, the
police commissioners. When the unemployed dared to expose their poverty and degradation to public gate
they were clubbed and bludgeoned by
tb* police acting under orders from
Mayor Flndlay. This continued until
J. H. McVety and myself, acting on
behalf of the Trades and Labor Coun
ell, went to Victoria and made representations to Premier McBride. That
gentleman had a keen eye to the provincial election which was Just about
to take place, and Mayor Flndlay was
made to quit hi* tooling.  Now, I wHl
 Make th* -Prophecy
that, bad a* lait winter was, the coming one will he worse. Vancouver Is
already overstocked with workmen.
This Is due In a certain measure to
the fact, that the railroad contractors
of British Columbia have been badly
hit hy the strike of railroad workera
against the iniquitous conditions Imposed upon them in the camps. They
want cheap and docile labor. This can
only be got by swamping Vancouver
with workers who must have a Job
or starve, unless they are prepared to
rob a street car or cafe. The main
reason, however, Is that more men
are being brought west by systematic effort than ever before. The following statement was Issued by J.
Bruce Walker, Immigration officer in
Winnipeg, on August 15th last:
"Crop conditions for the past ten
days have been splendid. Outlook con
tinues of a most gratifying character.*):
Labor conditions In the west are
acute. Between 40,000 and 60,000 men
are urgently needed; 90 per cent, of
whom must come from Eastern Canada."
By such tactics as these, thousands
of men come to the West. The harvest season Is very short, and then
the men are discharged Into the. already overstocked labor market of the
Middle West with nothing ln front of
them but the prospect of being unemployed during seven months of terribly cold weather. They have accumulated Just about enough during the
harvest season to bring them
Aoross th* Rooky Mountain* >
, to Vancouver, where tbe climate I*
not so rigorous, and so they come.
This city has practically no industrial
activities outside those connected with
building. As much as possible of this
class of labor Ib suspended during the
winter on account of the wet .weather.
For that reason thousands of those
who are already here will be out of
employment. When we attempt to anticipate these things by intelligent observation, we are called pessimists,
but even now Mayor Flndlay. can see
what is likely to happen next winter.
He has not forgotten his experience of
last year—neither have we, and January Ib not a long way off. In tbe Dally
Province (August 20) appeared the report of an Interview with Mayor Flndlay on the labor situation In Vancouver. He Is reported to have said,
amongst other things, that "we as a
city can clearly understand that the
railways under construction must at
all times be well supplied with men
and that a certain reserve of labor
must he available." Now, why does
Mayor Flndlay say that "a reserve of
labor must be available"? It he were
to answer truthfully, he would have to
admit that an element of unemployed
men Is desirable, in order that those
who have a Job can be kept In subjection by the threat of being displaced by those who want a job. He
Is brutally truthful when he so far
forgets himself as to say what he
really thinks. He Is a perfect "Handy
Andy" let loose amongst the raw realities of the modern Industrial system, and he must be-
An Awful Worry to His Friend*.
Continuing, he says "Still we can
prophecy that conditions this coming
winter e e likely to assume a very serious atuect." The conclusion ot the
Interview contains a more honest expression- Of opinion than has ever before been given out to the public by a
mayor of this city, and it should be
publUhed from one aide of this continent to the other. His worship Mayor Flndlay jays:
"I hop'*'I may not be over-pessimistic, but I dread the coming winter. We had an. experience of tbe
bread, line last winter and In the early
spring. . From all Indications, conditions will be aggravated during the
corresponding months of the coming
late autumn, winter and early spring.
I am still of the opinion that some restrictions should be placed on tbe Inroad of laborers Into the province
from the United States, and also that
some alleviation should be looked tor
so that we may not be overloaded
with broken men,"
The reader may wonder why this
condition of things should be possible,
and what Ib the reason and remedy
tor it. The reason is this: The government of Canada, also the provincial governments, are composed of
employers, or capitalists, who have
been elected to office by the votes of
working men.   Having'thus gained
Control of the Political Power
ot Canada, these men at once use lt
When in Doubt
Peabody V
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number of
j pockets, finish, etc.   There's no other overalls that can
[hold a candle with them for good values.
•It   LOOK AT THE JACKETS-They are equally good. Not*
a the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good jacket, that's the
Hone made hy Peabody.
udson's Bay Stores
■leotad as neteraal Delegate te th*
Beohasttr, a. T„ Convention ef tha
American redstatUm ot labor
by Onslpb Ooavantlon
Dominion Labor
to put themselves lit possession of the
natural resources of the Dominion.
These natural resources are no use to
them unless working men can be obtained who will exerclee their human
energy or labor power on those natural resources, and thus produce
things which have value because they
are capable of being sold (or exchanged) In the world's market for profit.
The capitalist not only must have this
labor power, but his essential demand
Is that it must be cheap, ln order that
larger profits may be made. Now,
Whilst the capitalist knows that he
cannot do anything without this necessary labor power, he also knows that
attached to each parcel of It in the
shape of a working man, Is the stomach of. that toller. That stomach must
be fed winter or summer—hail, rain or
shine. So the capitalist uses the machinery of government which the worker has voted Into his hands, to devise
means to starve the worker Into accepting low wages. ThlB is accomplished ey transporting more men Into this country than there are jobs
for—so that the worker will be forced
NANA1MO, Sept. 18—The organised miner* of Vancouver Island are Idle. A Nanalmo tele-,
gram to The Federationist briefly summarises: "Mines stopepd
ln Cumberland on Monday. Chinese, Japs find all miners are Idle.
Company offered Chinese $1 per
day Increase to do work. Refused. Company offered Stationery'
and Brotherhood of Engineers 20
per cent. Increase and recognition of their union to work, Both
refused. Company offered fire
bosses increase and recognition
of union to work and they refused. Fire bone* will atop work
> Thursday, a* will engineers.
Ladysmlth men will come out ln
sympathy with Cumberland men.
Look* like a fight to a finish. We
are out to win, Advise workers
to remain away. Will keep outside worker* Informed."
Miner* Affiliate With Congress
The result In detail of the referendum vote, of District 6, Western Federation of Miners, Is not yet to hand,
but Sec. ShlUand's telegram to the
Trades and Labor Congress that the
miners had voted to affiliate, will be
received with satisfaction ln labor circles. It will also be a feather In the
cap of J. W. Wilkinson, Congress or
Will Expel Officer* Having Anything to Do With the Latest
"Open Shop" Decoy.
Having In mind the recent publicity
stunts pulled off by P. H. Scullln in
an attempt to Inveigle a number of
innocents, into his pet meal-ticket
scheme, an alleged Industrial Peace
Association, the following resolution,
Introduced by R. P. Pettlplece, delegate to the Ouelph convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
from the B. C. Federation of Labor,
and which was heartily and unanimously concurred in by over two hundred delegates from all over Canada,
will help wage-workers to understand
something of the latest variety ot Scullln humbug:
Whereas, one P. H. Scullln, twice
publicly denounced by the American
Federation of Labor, in convention
assembled, as a traitor to labor; an
expelled member of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
and thoroughly discredited In the
United States trade union movement,
has recently wafted Into Western Canada;
"And whereas, Mr. Scullln's activities have resulted ln the formation of
an alleged Canadian Industrial Peace
Association, throughout Canada, aided and abetted by parasitic celebrltes
of more or Icsb note;
"And whereas, there are no labor organization affiliated or identified with
Mr. Scullln's meal-ticket Inspiration,
"And whereas, the daily press has
been used as a medium by Mr. Scullln
to misrepresent the attitude of organized labor towards this new militia
of Christ and National Civic Federation under another name;
'And whereas, there Ib already a
Federal Government tribunal for the
investigation and settlement of labor
"Be It therefore resolved that this
Congress emphatically condemns the
Whole scheme and cunning hypocrisy
as a swindle and a fraud;
"And be it further resolved that the
Congress constitution be bo amended
that any .union officer identifying himself with the Canadian Peace Association be Ineligible for office and, where
possible," expelled from the trade union
to offer himself for lower wages in order to get the work that halt a dosen
others are after. The wages that a
man gets who has a job are not determined by the cost of the things which
he considers are' necessary to maintain himself, his wife and family
in Decency and Comfort.
They are determined by the number
ot men who are unemployed and who
are also anxious and able to take his
place rather than starve—or rob a
store or bank.
When the market Is so glutted with
beet or potatoes that the price which
Ib offered for tbem does not cover the
cost of their production the - beet
trust, and the potato growers' union,
stop selling beef and potatoes, and
put the stuff In cold storage until such
time as the market recovers. On the
other hand when the labor market Is
so glutted with workmen that the
price which Is offered for labor power
no longer equals the cost of producing
it under living conditions the worker
has been used to, then he finds that
his position In human society is not
as good as that of a sack of potatoes.
He must eat—he cannot wait for the
market to recover—so he must fall
ln line, adopt a lower standard of
living, and smaller wages. The only
permanent remedy for all this state
ot affairs Ib to remove human labor
power from the list of commodities.
This can only be accomplished by taking the production and distribution of
all those things, which the whole ot
society depends upon for its dally life,
out of the hands of private individuals
and corporations.
Ba-ateotetto Acclamation aa fresilntaad tarUamantur BopnmteUvs el
the Trades and Labor Congress ol Canada, at Ouelph ~-c     	
Oh ho!    You clam-diggers!
Hottest weather of the year ln
Guelph during convention week—and
everybody believed it
Toot, toot! Beware of the pile
driver, the guy-ropes of which extend
from Halifax to Victoria.
She'* a bear.
The Montreal delegation was the
feature of the week. Modest, too.
Only wanted the vice-presidency,
the fraternal delegateship and the
1913 convention. But they are live entertainers and will take good care of
the next convention.
iwdd w. qonrLAjr.
Bsalgnad as Bulimia Agent of numb-
era' Union and loft for California
A, F. of L. Organizer Here.
C. O. Young, general organizer for
the American Federation of Labor,
arrived In. Vancouver on Thursday. He
will remain here for some weeks on
official business in connection with the
parent trade organization. Organizer
Young's last visit was at a time when
the present quarter-of-a-million dollar
Labor Temple was being dreamed of
by local unionists. He says lt Is the
best on the continent, at any rate until the completion of the proposed new
San Francisco structure. Thus (Jo
dreams sometimes come true.
Ontario Typos to Federate.
Ontario printers will hold a provincial convention at Hamilton on or
about Thanksgiving Day for the purpose of discussing trade affairs, with
a view to organizing a provincial allied
printing trades council. The move Is
looked upon as the beginning of a
closer relationship between the print-
ln'g trades of the premier province.
Org. Sorensen Is meeting with much
success in the perfection of our organization.
We intend holding a grand smoker
on Sept. 27, in O'Brien's hall. Admission 50 cents.
A. Duthie, 1003 Homer street, Is the
name and address of our new secre*
Central Labor Body to Raise Legal
Defense Fund for the Mem.
berihip'i Protection'
VICTORIA, B. C, Sept. 17.—Local
Union, No. 1848 rounded up twenty
new members last meeting night, and
the life and Interest of the meetings
is continually growing.
Trustee Chas. Calhoun has gone to
Bellingham and Bro. Crokey was elected his successor. Bros. Lewis and
Hogg were elected auditors.
At a referendum vote of the unions,
It wa* voted to Increase the per capita
of tbe Brotherhood to the Trades and
Labor Council from 10 to 35c per quarter for a legal defense fund, and the
union Is still awaiting a reply from
the Trades and Labor Council.
Also by referendum vote, the union
decided to uphold the quartely card,
but it is understood the Building
Trades have approved of the monthly
button ln lieu of same.
The C.N.R. has purchased the prominent corner, known as the Five Sisters property, and will soon start an
8- or 10-storcy structure.
The outlook for a busy winter is assured along all lines, industrially and
Executive   Cdhncil-Eleot   Widen
Sphere of Congress and Show
Big Balance.
Stories told In figures are not always the most Interesting; but inasmuch as figures oft-times give one
a line on the organization that makes
them possible, the following statistics,
covering the financial and membership
growth of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada for the past twelve
years, will be read with zest and appreciation by those who are striving
to make the Congress the legislative
expression ot the organized labor
movement ot Canada:
8,381    .
The Loggers' Union.
George Heatherton Ib meeting with
much encouragement in the organization of the Loggers' union along the
Pacific Coast. During the past month
many new applications have been received and the old membership is being maintained. The task has not been
an easy one, but Bro. Heatherton
feels confident that the hardest of the
work Is over. The headquarters are
maintained at Room 216, Labor Temple, along with the Miners.
Salvation Army Immigrants.
Col. Lamb, head of the work of the
Salvation Army, who has just arrived
from the Orient, with Brigadier Harden, who has charge of this work in
Canada, called on members of tho provincial government at Victoria an
Monday in reference to the work
which Is being carried out under the direction of tbe army. They met Premier McBride and Attorney-General
Bowser. The army will bring In domestic and farm laborers as anticipated. They received a "sympathetic"
Chas. W. Nelson has left Halifax,
N. S„ and Ib now located at Medicine
Hat. He was president of the Halifax
T. and L. Council, secretary of the Independent Labor party, and International Typographical Union organizer
for Nova Scotia.
I 1,1109.88
Balance on hand, September 1, 1911..,	
Receipts from per capita tax, charters and supplier-.
A, I-\ of Labor Grant for legislative purposes	
Interest on deposit In bank 	
| 908.00
I     101.88
I 3.356.96
Record attendance. The Calgary
record of 178 delegates wu shot to
smithereens.   One vote totalled 304.
Such pretty women In Guelph too—
ana so many. It was a (name to leave
The city of,Guelph may be small,
but the thousand resident unionist* ot
the Royal City handled the big delegation to the satisfaction of all,* thank*
largely to President Parker, chairman
ot the local committee on arrangement*.
The "western" delegates will run
the danger of becoming back member*
If the "eastern" boy* keep up their
"Jimmy" Simpson waa at hi* beat
He has absorbed a wonderful knowledge of the International labor move-
ment as the result of his globe-trotting
while representing the Congress on
the federal royal commission to inquire into technical education. The
convention received the - benefit,
"Jimmy's" face Is the best asset possessed by the Trades and Labor CongresB of Canada.
"Faddy" Draper was missed, but
well remembered by the convention.
Bancroft excelled himself. He is a
Pesldent Watters, ruled like a pile-
Better a steam-roller than a gas
pipe."—JameB Simpson to one of the
Hamilton delegation.
Who thi said "Toronto, the good?"
As a manufacturer of street-walkers
Eaton's store should be put under
Kler Hardle unmercifully tanned the
hides   of   advocates   of   wholesale
The "Lemon" Act got an awful
Landers' special to The    Snooze:
Sensational    socialist    sweep    outstanding feature of convention. Consternation   reigns    supreme.    Roller
won't stop.   It's just awful, Mabel."
Official Cartoonist tlrui-e has supplied The Fed. with an unpubliBhable
reproduction of what "McVety saw at
»the convention."   It ba* b*
and   now   decorate   y*
further adorned with HcVe ' .
wrench and *cr*w-drlv*r.   Who MM
It sure was » convention, nkotfh
lnsplratlon to keep a labor editor ta
copy for a r*ar. And of eeeno that'*
an any labor paper a**d*. Anybody
know* that Resolutions, too, make
In* substantial meal* for th* labor
Draper wa* dob aad he couldn't
com*, "tunny Jim" Mmpaon auut* a
good substitute.
Th* Congr*** decided to <seh*af*
fraternal delegate* with th* British
Trad** Union Congr***, though aot
unanimously. Th* political cocnploloa .
of tho** who would b* *l*etoi usmsd
to peev* th* Hamilton ileAegUhtm
Such a chant* la alx short man.
Six Red* at Victoria In 1106—« at
Ouelph In 1M2. A dally pre** *dU»
rlil on "The Decline of Soclallam" l»
now In order.
Montreal, 1911; BL John, tti«j_Vancouver, 1916; Sukatoon, 1111! Bow**
that for a convention city profrunt - j
At Vancouver alone will th* eoavta.
tlon be held In a Labor Tempi*, owned
by th* membership of th* organised
labor movement
If th* Congre** delegate ware o«ly
real law-makers, instead of framm,
the dawn of iudtutrlal liberty wool*
soon be at hand.
Bach y*ar th* general artrag* ot
Intelligence Increases. Ouelph gav*
ample, corroborative evidence.
Phil, Obermeyer brake away from
captivity for on* day, to renew aad
make acQualntanceihlp* at. th* convention.
Sammy Lander* wa* not a "dttl-
got" Too busy, he aay*, keeping hla
Snooie awake.
The attitude of the federal government toward* th* Industrial Dispute
and Investigation Act will be worthy
of an eagle eye.
"The soberest bunch of men I ever
had around my boon," uid th* Royal
Hotel proprietor, where the convention headquarters were maintained.
Scullln got hi*. And d***rr*dly eo.
He I* a fraud aad a faUUur.
Western delegate were reminded
ot those old happy day*—down on th*
farm.  It wu gnat!
Delegate Riga,. Winnipeg, wa*. on*
of tha big men of th* convention.
The All-Red route I* not u rough
a* lt uied to be.
The local committee used vary good
judgment In the matter of entertainment
It only require* a week to draft the
resolution* submitted; lt will take
much longer to secure their adoption.
by the real law-maker*.
But each succeeding convention
teaches the worker*' representativee
the necessity of going Into politic*
and law-making and enforcing for
Del. Wilkinson did himself and Vancouver Justice at the big public mass-
meeting in the city hall.
Guelhp socialist* held atreet meetings every evening during convention
week, with good crowds present
The city of Guelph own* mon public utilities than any other place In
Canada, but there are more girl* and
women employed in Industry, Ptr capita, for leas wages, than any other Industrial centre visited by the writer,
it will require more than municipal
ownership to solve labor's problem.
After all, the moat effective medium
for the discussion ot labor lubject* I*
through the labor pre**, where th*
pros and cons can be read and digested st leisure. The real value of conventions is the personal acquaintanceships made and renewed.
There is no denying the soft Impeachment.   Some of the delegates In-
(Continued on Page 4.)
Total receipts from all courccs ./    [115,699.79
Total expenditure, as per itemized accounts rendered -I 10,219.82
Bolanco in Bank, September 1, 1912 1. II 6.479.07
Shirts and Overalls
We are prepared to fill the orders of any consumer
through any retail house you may name.
Should your retailer not handle our goods, a letter
direct to us will put you in touch with the proper
source of supply.
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Ltd.
1176 HOMER ST.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $   7,500,000
Reserve 8,500,000
Total Aaets 114,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
Mm& OfflM     -     TanooaTer, B.C.
eUtkoriwd capital •fl.ooo.ooo
AlWeHlMd   Capital 1.1W.900
MM V» Capital     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed In it
by the people, and lt Is always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is con-
■lstent with safety and good management
. Totw aeoonnt Tary cordially
orrr bbavoxm
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor..
Broadway and Ash Sts.
Granville St. Branch,  1146 Gran.
vllle St
Pender  St   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
W. E. JARDINE,     .
Assistant General Manager.
C*pit*l & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
' That there ie nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1865
We receive deposits of $1
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interest per annum.'
446 Hastings St West
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Everything for the Home in our
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Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
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|      23S7 MAIN STREET.    I
I        PH0N8 FAIR. 447.      I
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Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
Issued every Saturday morning.
Managing- Ballon B. Parmatar Pettlplece
Offloa:   Boom SIO, Labor Temple
Tel. »ey. 3690.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;   in Vancouver City,  11.25:   to  unions subscribing ln a body, 75 cents.
1 Inch, per issue 75c 10.75
2 inches, per issue 70c 1.40
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Transient advertisements, 10c per line:
subsequent insertions. 5c ner line; 14
lines to the inch.
Correspondence from unions and unlon-
> Ists   Invited.
"Unity of Labor j tha hops ol'the" world."
' ' PAPER. If this number Is. on 11
you,' subscription expires next- Issue.
"For tbe second time tbe Trades
and Labor CongresB of Canada bas
asked (or tbe repeal ot tbe Lemleux
Act. It would be Interesting to know
whether the organisation would favor
any other form ot conciliation or arbitration," observes tbat staid old Jounr-
al ot light and learning, the-News-
Wbat other kinds of conciliation
and arbitration are there except the
compulsory conciliation" and voluntary arbitration of the Lemleux Act
and the compulsory arbitration feature
of tbe New Zealand legislation?
The Federatlonist holds, as did the
delegates to both the .Calgary and
Guelph conventions of tbe Congress,
that the compulsory conciliation, or
rather interference of the state,
through the Lemleux Act, Is used
merely as a means of delaying strikes,
until such time as the employer Ib
better able to cope with the situation, and that lt was enacted for that
specific purpose.
Considered without political bias, for
Its operation Is the same under the
present aB the previous administration,
the conciliation feature of tbe Lemleux Act is a joke. Take the case of
the .Machinists, Boilermakers and
Blacksmiths on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. These men sought to
bring their conditions to the same
level as that of other men ln similar
occupations on parallel -roads. For
daring to make a demand, 40 per cent,
of the employees were locked out and
the balance struck before making application for a board, to "conciliate."
The government did not penalize the
railway for a breach of the act, but
the board Anally gave a' decision reprehending the action of the railway
ln fltthjg language and conceding
every demand of the men. The G. T. P.
although heavily bonused by the government has never yet been "conciliated" and the men are still on
strike In an effort to force the railway to concede the conditions the
board agreed we're fair. Where is the
"conciliatory" feature, If the government cannot Induce a state-aided railway to accede to the same conditions
aB apply on parallel prlvately-bullt
Again, the employees of the Union
Steamship Company asked the government to appoint a board to "conciliate" tbe company which had re-
duced their wages 16.00 per month,
without notice. The Minister of
Labor declined to appoint a board because the signatories to tbe application were not British subjects, a decision without precedent and without
the slightest foundation of authority
under the act. Another case is that
of the men employed on the construction of the Canadian Northern. Mr.
Crowthers, Minister 'St Labor, promised while on the coast, to favorably
consider ah application for a board to
"conciliate" the "alien" contractors
wbo are building that road, but on
receipt of tbe application he refused
to Interfere on the ground that tbe
act did not apply until the road was
completed. Under the circumstances,
The Federatlonist repeats—the "conciliatory" feature Ib a myth and intended to hamper and Intimidate the
workers, Instead of securing the
'sympathy of the public," a phrase
continually harped on by Mr.
Crowthers. With the disposal of the
conciliation portion of the Lemleux
Act the whole measure falls to the
ground as there are no provision* for
arbitration In the'act that cannot be
made privately by disputants without
application to the government.
Compulsory arbitration, the only alternative with the exception of repealing the present measure, offers no
charms, even to the present government, Mr. Crowthers having stated
that it is not Intended to enact such
As far as the workers are concerned, they would prefer to take
what can be wrung from the employers by means of Industrial nnd
political organization, rather than to
have their wages adjusted by lawyers,
preachers and college professors, the
Invariable choice for chairmen of arbitration boards.
"There is nothing to arbitrate" la a
statement commonly made by employ-
era when they consider the chances
of defeatlm: their employees are good
and by the same token the employees
should adopt a similar attitude.
Under the present system of society
with labor power bought and sold as
a commodity, there Ib no such thing
as a "fair day's work for a fair day's
poy." The employor seens to secure
his labor power and material for the
lowest price and to sell the product
for the highest. Where Is the line
to be drawn? Every reduction or Increase, unless the. market conditions
aro favorable, means a light and only
by abolishing the commodity nature
of labor power can the workers hope
to (.scape the exigencies of a constantly overflowing labor market and
the tendency of that market is to
bring about more reductions than In*
creases In either the real or money
Held of operations, his new mission
being the salvation of all Canada Instead of British Columbia, with, of
course, a corresponding Increase in
After a tour of the eastern provinces, Scullln recently gave out an
interview in which he outlined his
--mpaign, pointing to himself as a
public benefactor, and "soft pedaling"
on the per capita end of the proposition. Among other things he claimed
that Mr. P. M. Draper, Secty:Treas. of
the Dominion Trades Congress, had become a member and was ardently devoted to the purposes for which the
association Ib alleged to be organized.
Hence- the Introduction and passing
of .the following resolution at the
Guelph convention Inst week: "Where-'
aB, P. H. Scullln has' formed an alleged Canadian Industrial Peace As-,
sociatlon throughout Canada, and
whereas there are no labor organizations affiliated or mentlflcd with Mr.,
scullin's Inspiration, and whereas,
there is already a federal government
tribunal for the investigation and settlement of'labor disputes, be it therefore resolved thut this Congress emphatically condemn the whole scheme.
And be lt further resolved that the
congress' constitution be so amended
that any trades unionist identifying
himself with the Canadian Peace Association be ineligible for office in this
The movement on the part of the
congresB was timely Indeed, first because It nationally condemns what Is
well known on the Pacific coast as a
humbug and a fraud and at the same
time protects unwary members of our
own organizations from falling into
the net so carefully cost by Patrick.
As the Peace Association grows in
the east, those affiliated will no doubt
be astounded at the amount of revenue required to grease the machinery, taking into consideration that
the sole machinery is included in the
stomach of Patrick Henry Scullln.
Gave Recent Congress Convention
Advantage of Her Experience
aa Probation Officer,
When the Calgary convention de-
elded that the Dominion Trades Congress had grown to such proportions
as to necessitate placing a permanent
officer in the held, lt was feared by
some delegates that the election of
J. C. Watters to the presidency, making It the permanent office, was only
a temporary measure tbat would be
rudely set aside by the Guelph convention, composed of a preponderance
of eastern delegatea.
That Buch was not the case will
no doubt be a source of gratification
to western unionists to whom Watters
is well and favorably known, point-
ing; aB it does, to a recognition ot
worth on the part of eastern delegates, regardless of territorial or
other considerations.
i-resldent Watters' activities ln tbe
east, to the exclusion of the far and
middle west, has been the means of
breaking down many Imaginary barriers between the various sections of
the country, and he has been ably
assisted in this work by Vice President Fred' Bancroft of Toronto.
Taken all the way through, the ratification of tbe Calgary decision and
the re-election of the officers chosen
at that time augurs well for the future
and points, to the wisdom of making
the change of policy.
As will be seen by the news columns, the convention was notable In
many other respects, and this province was, as usual, represented by
delegates who knew what they wanted
and when they wanted it.
One of the best boosters of The Federatlonist circulation is Mr. John Neale
of North Vancouver.
After every issue he writes a letter
to the News-Advertiser grossly misrepresenting facts as stated in The Federatlonist and as a result many persons purchase the paper to read for
themselves, finding they have been
deceived by Mr. Neale and thereby Induced, by false pretences, to purchase
the paper.
Keep it up. It educates the readers
and helps the circulation, ond, after all,
that's all we hope to accomplish ln
any case.
Organization In the West. .
The Federatlonist some time ago
drew attention to the fact that It was
necessary to have labor organizers
placed in the Canadian Northwest so
that the growth of unionism could
keep pace with the growth of the
towns. George A. Tracy, first vice-
president of the International Typographical, who was in Vancouver last
month, reported on this question to
the recent convention of the I. T. U.
at Cleveland, Ohio. He said ln part
tbat "perhaps no section of our jurisdiction offers a greater or better Held
for organization work than tbe Canadian Northwest. While my trip was
Interrupted In Vancouver, I was able
to get a quite comprehensive view of
conditions, enabling me to submit to
the executive council what I believe
to be the necessity for organization
work in British Columbia, Alberta,
Saskatchewan and Manitoba. This
vast territory is the last of the great
West. Its resources and Its future development seem to be almost beyond
the comprehension of those of our
members living In the southern and
eastern parts of the jurisdiction. Its
remarkable growth even seems to exceed the development of the western
half of tho United States. 1 believe
the future holds ln store for that coun.
try an era of prosperity that will make
It one of the strongest parts of the
International jurisdiction,
Mrs. Rose Henderson, probation officer of the Juvenile Court of the City
of Montreal, addressed the recent
Guelph CongresB convention upon the
subject of Old Age Pensions for mothers. She-did not know of anything
more important than the problems
concerning the working men and. the
working women of the nation. She
was present to speak in the interests
of the voiceless and helpless children
of the poor.
I have not come," she said, "to
propose women's suffrage, but I .am
strongly ln favor of that much-needed
legislative reform. Men have fought
out battles long enough and we want
the ballot to help you to deal with the
child problem. If any workman Ib
opposed to giving the ballot to women
lt is because he does not know any better, but those in power are opposed
because thev do know exactly what it
will mean if we obtain the franchise.
They did exactly the same when the
demand was mode for manhood franchise."
Mrs. Henderson reviewed the work
of the old arts and crafts guild which
preceded the organisation of the trades
union movement. She said that the
members of these guilds not only discussed the problems connected with
their own crafts, but dealt with the
wider range of problems including education, art, music, literature and such
question ol sanitation as clean
streets. She emphasized the fact that
It was through the agitation ol those
guilds that the impetus was given to
art, music and literature. Later-when
the children, men and women were
swept into the factories and the manufacturers began to worship gold rather more than humanity, the workers
were compelled for purposes of mutual
health to form themselves into trade
unions and any of the comforts which
we enjoy today had come forward
through the trades union movement.
Such reforms as old age pension, workmen's compensation, the rise of wages,
.factory legislation for children and tbe
women of the sweat shops are the result of this great movement In which
you ore Interested. There was a time
when the little children were not allowed to eat until the pigs were satisfied and if tbey asked for their share
of food they were informed that they
would have to wait tilt the pigs were
through. These Improvements, Including the hygienic and medical inspection, came through the trade
unions. It la something to be proud
of. I want to urge you to give your
heavtiest co-operation to secure tbe
passage of a Mothers' Pension Act. I
wish to appeal to you to arouse all the
sentiment you can In favor of such
legislation. This Ib an appeal for the
mothers who are deprived of both their
children and husbands. The average
wage In Canada is a little over $400
for the male workers and for women
approximately 1200 per annum. With
such low wages lt Is almost Impossible
for the worker to pay union dues, much
less insurance dues. Industrial accidents are on the Increase and there
are hundreds of men wbo cannot endure the sight of their children suffering because of poverty. ThlB condition
leads to the constant nagging by the
mother and the result Is that the husband becomes a wife deserter. We
want legislation to protect the wives of
deserters, tbe widow, and save tbe
little children from being brought up
In all kinds of charitable and philanthropic Institutions. We have all kinds
of legislation dealing with the production of wealth, but not for the protection of the human race. Investigations
are being conducted as to the causes
of these conditions, one author alone
having written books on eleven differ-
ent subjects, but we are not one bit
nearer solving the problem. Tbey only
uead to confound and confuse us with
fine phrases. At Ottawa there are a
number of learned men from the colleges and universities, but not very
learned I must admit They are spending thousands of dollars for the bet-
terment of cattle, bugs, bees and pigs
and almost every other animal under
the sun but very little for the better
ment of the children and mothers of
our race. We are decaying because
we worship wealth instead of human
beings, and those held as the cheapest
are our little children. Motherhood Instead of being Idolized Is our cheapest
commodity. There are children In
Montreal working twelve, fourteen and
sixteen hours a day. These are the
protentlal fathers and .mothers of our
race. After slaving they become degenerated before they reach fourteen
years of age. We have all kinds of
mission angels, charitable workers and
other good people offering all kinds of
good advise. They say that If these
people were only educated and lived
better lives everything would be all
right. Tbe marvelous thing to me Is
how these women bring up their children under such conditions. Personally, I have a great deal to be thankful
for that I hod such advantages that
these people do not enjoy and I want
you to help me to get this legislation
In their interests. We must have'all
the information we can get upftn the
subject." i'
Mrs. Henderson then, referred to
Judge Plnkey of ths.Juvenlle Court of
the City of Chicago, and quoted   at
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets In annuel convention in January. Executive officers, 1912-13: president, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Geo. A. Burt. B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
"   P. Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Sivert*.
J, J. Taylofrsec.-treaa.T"vT'R.'Mldgley!
Box U95, Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J, Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president: R. P.
Pettlplece, secretary; Jas; Campbell,
treasurer; A. Beasley, statistician: J. H.
McVety,  sergt-At-arms;  F. A.  Hoover,
trustee; J. W. Wilkinson, trustee,	
every Monday.   President, P. Sabln;
vice-president,   Jas.   Bit can;   secretary,
John McMillan, Labor Temple,
—Meets second Monday ln month-
President E. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; secretary, A, H. England.
P. O. Box 86. •
Directors: Fred A. Hoover. J, B.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdoch Mo
Kenile. Managing, director, J. H. Mc-
Vety, Room '211.   Sey. <8I0.
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Jey. 2908. Business agent. J. A. Key;
ofllce hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of . management committee,
Wm, Hanson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday in Room 802.
tloners' Local No.. 40—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m\ Pres-
Ident, J. Klnnalrd;, corresponding secretary, w,
Rogers, Room 220, Laboi
secretary,  P.   Robin-
flrst and third Wednesdays, 8:30 p.m.
President, C. E. Herrltt; recording sec*
detary, Geo, W. Isaacs: secretary-business agent, c. F. Burkhart, 489 Abbott
Street.   Sev, 2170.
Meets flrat and third Sundays of
each month, 7:80 p. m., Room 806. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. Mac-
Donald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel
Sey. 453 (Yale Hotel).
The Man Who Puts Wear Before
Style in His Shoes
is apt to get the advantage of a moderate
price instead of a nigh one, provided he
chooses his store right. A man would be
well advised to come here and see these
shoes we have just unpacked.   Tbey are     __,
not/deficient in good looks but their chief      —
interest lies in the fact that each pair can say "I am solid leather
and made to give good service."
$2.35 for men's box calf bluchers with standard screwed and
sewn soleB, leather lined, broad, easy last.
SS.OO for men's velour calf bluchers with stout sewn soles.
. 03.00 for Men's Russia calf bluchers with sewn soles.
Boy's Box Calf Bluchers; Solid wear, suitable for everyday or best.
Sizes 1 to 6 for $1.65       Sizes 11 to 18 for $1.35
Sizes 8 to 101-2 for $1.00
David Spencer, Ltd.
VAXoouvas, B. 0.
and Joiners, Local No. 117—Meets
Monday of each week, S p.m. Executive
committee meeta every Friday, S p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording aeeretary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L.
H. Burnham. Room 804.   Bay. 1880.
and Jolnera. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meeta Aahe'a hall, Slat and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
Wm. Robertson; recording" secretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colilncwood East; flnancla,
aeeretary, J. A. Dickenson, South Van*
couver P. O.; treaeurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President. Jamea Haslett; corns-
ig secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
... financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room
216.   Sey. 8789.    	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No, 184—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8_p.m.
President, P.'Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Street.
Meeta flrst Tuesday eaoh month, S
p.m.. President, Robert J. Craig: secretary; J. c. Peuser,. Kurts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
British Columbia Division, C. P. Sya.
tern, Division No. 1—Meats 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday ln month. Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell. Box 482. Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T, Oberg,
Box 432, or 1008 Burrard atreet
218.—Meets Room 801. every Monday
8 p. m. President, W. P. Carr; vice-president, Fred Fuller: recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 8 Lome atreet east; financial secretary, Harvey Sauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
Jones, Room 207, Labor Temple.
821 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President 8. S,
Duff; recording secretary, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Est-
Inghauaen. Room 202.   Sey. 8848.
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial aeeretary. Wm. Worton; aeeretary, A. O.
Hettler, 426 Dufferln atreet. Telephone,
Fairmont 1288.
ASSOCIATION, No. 86 X 62—Meets
every Friday evening, 188 Water atreet
President. B. Hughes; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 133 Water street.       -.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt Thompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial aeeretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 63M,     ....
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. Preaident H. Murry; flnanolal secretary, P. J. Harris,
1688 Robson St; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent W. J. Nagle.
every Tuesday,  8 p.m., Room  821.
President T.  Burkes;  secretary, Mike
Knelling, 882 Richards atreet.
No. 280—Meeta every Thursday, 7:80
p.m.. Room 302. President, H. spear:
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 881
Drake atreet; financial secretary, Ed.
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President Fred Rumble; corresponding secretary, Jamea Ray-
burn; flananclal aeeretary, Wm, Jardlne.
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.M. and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. Preaident,
H.   Sohofleld;   recording  aeeretary,   Al-
bert V. Lofting, Box 118, City Heights
P.O.; JnenolaVaecretary, Fred A,	
2408 Clark drive.
. Hoover,
178—Meetings held flrat Friday In
each month, 8 p.m.   President H. Nord-
ll'id; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
financial aeeretary, L. Wakley, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meets first and third
Wednesdaya each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville: secretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 8, 1808 Woodland drive,	
For Borne time past one Patrick
Henry Scullln has been working In
an effort to organize a Peace Association for Canada and Incidentally a
few pieces for Patrick. Thanks to
the activities of the It. C. Federation
of Labor and central councils throughout the provinces, results (tor Patrick) have been somewhat meager, although his work was duly consecrated
by numerous bishops and his collecting carried on by a number of honest
but misguided women connected with
various churches,
Patrick bas recently enlarged his
While   T6' - --.    --     '<*„"»   «•««   i|uu>.vu     a,
grettlng that lt was not possible prior some length from his statements to
10 this convention to make the thor- show the noceaMy of the legislation
ough Investigation that was expected, she was Interested ln. She said that
still It Is undoubtedly necessary to from 50 to 75 for cent of the children
subdivide the territory Into at least ] In these outsld.4 Institutions should be
three districts, and I am fully con-1 ln their own/home. The fact of tbe
vlnced that the organization work 11c- matter Is the mothers of so many of
cessary will amply Justify the inter- our children are out working while
national union In making such a dlvl- their children are becoming subjects
Bion and place In the Held active or-: Tor thfc Juvenile Courts of our country,
ganizers to follow tho march of civil-1 References are then made to this vaga-
izatlon. The country is being pop- boni 0f a mother, this drunkard, and
ulated so fast that the wheels of trans-1 tliair children are taken from them
portatlon are clogged temporarily; but, lading not only the seperatlon of the
with the opening of the Panama canal
and the operation of direct service to
Europe from the Pacific'coast, the tide
of commerce will naturally be dlvldei j
between the Atlantic and Pacific
oceans, and the question of handling
the products of this vast and fertile
territory will be solved. Cities ttjat
three or four years ago were mcrtf outposts are today thriving communities
of thousands of population. I Know of
no more fertile field for organization
work, and believe no section) of our
Jurisdiction offers better opportunities
than the Canadian NorthwcAt. I predict that If the organization work Is
Instituted and carried on as Suggested,
the result will prove of lasting benefit
to all,"
Children from their mother but the
I, separation of the children ln different
Institutions. A stigma Is then placed
on the child because he or she is what
Is known as the Institutional child:
They are looked upon as bo much
cheap labor, not being trained to enter
Into the stress of competitive Industry.
Calgary Unionist Comes tt0 Coast.
Oeo. Howell, for somo yetr8 secre-
lary of Calgary Trades aftd Labor
Council, has arrived In Vancii)UVer and
will remain here, if possible (to locate
a meal-ticket, I
J. 3. Randolph, an old-time printer,
has been elected dictator of tbe Moose
lodge at New Westminster, which
places "Joe" at the head of the largest
lodge In that city.
When you've got a thing to say,
Say Itl   Don't take half a day.
When your tale's got little In It,
Crowd the wholo thing In n minute!
Life Is short—a fleeting vapor—
Don't you fill the wholo blamed oaper
With a tale, which ln a plifch,
Could bo cornered In nn Inch.
Boll her down until she simmers;
Polish her until sho glimmers.
Whon you'vo got a thing to say,
Say It!   Don't take naif a day.
—H. PAUL, Calgary, Alta, I
Meets laat Sunday each month, 8:80
p.m. President W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, O. W. Palmer; aecretery-treas-
urer, R, H. Neelanda, P.O. Box 66.
Imperial Wine
The only house in town which
SO Year Old Brahdy
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Set, 965
Goods Delivered Free te all
parts of the city
Loohat the Label
t] It is not a Jaeger Shirt unless it' bears the name. Because of its lasting quality and
distinot style of fabrio and
colorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
T. B. Cuthbertson
345 Hastings W.  ISO Qranvllle
611 Hastings W.
'\ A/\ AAA*
a aaaAa/n
Is Honest Clothing
It standi for real value In quality of cloth trimmings and workmanship—and Is guaranteed to keep
lta shape.
Just take a look at your own.
Does lt fit on the •Shoulders and
around the collar? Has lt held Its
proper shape ln front? That Is
where Campbells Clothing1 stands In
a class by Itself.   Let « mor Vn,
The Campbell Clothing Man
23 Hastings Street JEm<
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
That is different
We Print the B. C. Federanonist
HlKh-Cktt Commercial
and Publication Printers
£. T. Kingsley
Labor Temple, Entrance oa'Homn St.
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Catlings and Repairs Kepi
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Light and Heavy Horses
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"Tht Biojele with tha Btptttatton"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
Ml XAintWM bt. a.
Vhona ■eymonr 7003
Cowan & Brookhouse
Laion Timplc Phonk Sky. 4409
■ of these books selling
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
182 Cordova W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
flf\ WITH
Ask Ton Barber for
That delightfully refreshing after
shave cream.
Wholesale aad Beta!!.
en Boaaoa stsbbt
Fhoa. feymonr 4401
When You Do Drink Beer
See that it is drawn from a keg bearing
this labe)
A Credit to Union Workmanship
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets   .
Week End Trii»
'Every worklngman needs rest and change.  It's true he cantf   | .
take a winter trip to Southern California or an extended truKj|
to the resorts in the rockies, but he should, aa for as his titiS'
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time'   >
tor a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing   .,,-.
It is to meet the workingman's case that the B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged (ot week-end trips, at reduced rates, over ihe Frattt
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets oa
sale Saturday and Sunday, good to return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2Jul
Trains leave Carrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.; 12:15 andj
p.m.  Trains returning from ChilGwack are so timed that
round trip may be made in a day with a stopover of several I
.'3(h»t?i,f-. .:■;?;? ji; mmmm
Come and View New Arrivals in Women's Tailored
Mvaaa. fan styles an bow
ob display la uu Salt Department ataay new (estates ere
to be found, She salts at.
nttw v*rts« ta etrtee, ooets
favoring- the M aa* M-laoh
leagtik m. salted style is
■ask la evlaenoe oat tt. cat-
aatay atlll elite rtrong, balar
eepeeleUrfM* for tall, deader
agtiMfc A. skirts (Mala tb.
sfrstflt Una t>«t evn where
pleat, an lntrodaoaa. The
width of skirts baa net ohaagM
won from one to two Inches
longer. AU the new autarlala
an to ba fonnd, sat the alb-
he. weaves are aoveltiee la tbe
heavier fabrics. They oome la
whip oorda Bedford oord. aad
heavy oorded ohovtota. all
diagonal. All diagonal weave,
an good and many are to be
fonnd ut the noauspnaa as wen
a. tha harder awfaoed materl-
ala. In colore navy again leade
bnt tobaeoo aad seal brown an
weU thought of, and tt.
twMd. show a combination of
several colors.
$30, $35, $40, $45
UP TO $65.00
(gi.r2.att ErjjH&afc, Vimttr o
575 Granville Street      Vancouver, B.C.
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open  from  9  a. m.  to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
'    Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
for the best union-made
in Vancouver try
Labor Temple Tailor
Patronise Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
We Have Buyers for All Kinds of
Call at office, or phone Sey. 1589 for appointment
6 Winch Building, Vancouver, B.C.
Boys' and Men's   Fm*mwfi»Mm
CLOTHING       w
J0W1S Hastings
Street West
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Fanning, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at   ,
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two yearn improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest al 6%
' For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B, C.
, Bureau of Provincial information, Victoria
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.O.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
The Federationist herewith prints a
carefully prepared and a correct report of that memorable speech regarding militarism of James Keir Hardle,
M.P., the fraternal delegate of the
British labor party to the Ouelph, Ont,
convention of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada on September 9th
The welcome extended this distinguished laborlte as he arose to speak
clearly Indicated that he had lost none
of his popularity with the delegates to
that gathering. He said- that he had
brought with him the greetings of one
and a half millions of trades union-
lsts and one hundred thousand Social.
lsts who are banded together In the
British labor party. "The situation
over there," he continued, "so far as
the worker Is concerned, Is much the
same sis the situation over' here,
waa much Interested In a previous
speaker's reference to the Increased
cost of living. It Is not only peculiar
to Canadian conditions—lor we have
the same feature on the other side
where we have no Cold storage.
(Laughter.) During the past seventeen years the cost of living In tbe
British Isles has gone up 22Vi per cent,
and, until two years ago, wages, during that period had been almost stationary. .During the first ten years,
from January, 1900, to December, 1910,
the income of those
Who Pay Income
tax or all of those receiving more than
three pounds a week, Increased 249
millions of pounds sterling.   During
the same ten years, according to the
board ot trade figures, the wages of
the working class Increased six million, pounds sterling, or four cents a
week increase.  It Is, therefore, not a
question ot cold storage, but the ever-
increasing amount ot me product of
labor going to the capitalist and landlord class, which Is the cause of the increased cost of living.  In the past ten
years, however, conditions have  Improved because the working class haa
asserted itself In militant fashion. The
big strike In the transport trades and
the miners' strike, ln which every
underground workman laid down his
tools and stood together ln a battle
for a common cause, were an evidence
of this. We had the big railway strike
when the reforming   liberal government sent out the whole British army
of 36,000 men, with twenty rounds of
ball cartridge eaoh, to protect   the
blacklegs, when union men were striking for better conditions.   ("Shame!
Shame!" cried a number ot delegates'.)
The result of this Industrial unrest
was 1254 per cent added to wages,
but the cost of living went up 12%
per cent,, thus leaving the workers 10
per cent, worse off today than they
were ten years ago.  I am not here to
tickle your ears with pleasant nothings.   It has not fallen to my lot to
have that part to play In the British
Isles.  I am here to say that It Is possible for the working class to
Redress Every Wrong
and remove every Injustice, if they
will only band together as working
men and brothers, and fight for the
emancipation of their own class.   On
the other side of the water we are no
longer content to organise Into trades
unions Industrially and vote for our
enemies politically. (Applause.) There
are gathered around these tables as
fine a body of representatives as the
world can produce.   There are differences ot nationalities, creeds and political affiliations, but we are here together as workingmen.   We have so
far overcome the difficulties where different nationalities and creeds meet as
to be united together Inside our trades
unions.   This Ib the first step towards
the organization of the working class.
Without the trades unions the working class would be a disorganized mob,
with no power or self-defence, but with
them we can become an effective fighting force.   I have heard some Socialists declare that the day for the trade
union had passed, but such who express this opinion are either fools or
knaves.  The day for the trades union
Is here now and this   working-class
movement cannot stop.   The  trades
union Is the very foundation and basis
upon wblch the whole movement must
be built up.   For you to  strike, be
locked ouc and suffer, and still con-
tlnue to go on electing representatives
of the master class,' Is playing
The Pool's Game.
We are net merely to hold our own
In the field ot Industry, but we must
hold our own ln the political arena,
both in the United States and the Dominion, by our votes, and have our
own party financed by ourselves and
drawing representation from our own
ranks. I am not going to cast any reflections upon the working class movement tor not reaching that stage. I
am glad to see my friend Vervllle
here, and to point out that his position
proves that we can get men even from
our ranks. I know that In politics we
have to move somewhat different to
what we do ln our Industrie- organize-
help each other.   I don't believe in
The German scare.
It is all manufactured, but there are
millions in lt for those who build our
warships and the contractors who furnish the supplies. It Is a manufactured conspiracy for which there Is no
foundation whatever. If the German
government wants war with England,
the German workmen do not; and if
the English government wants war
with Germany, tbe English workmen
do not! Are you going to take sides
with the capitalist class to bring on
war—or with the working class to
stop it? We are now organising our
forces whereby the governments of
both countries will be prevented from
bringing on war. The trades unionists'
In both countries will be called upon
to stop work, cease to provide the munitions of war by a revolutionary
strike, rather than allow the war to
go on. The trades union movement in
the British Isles has Increased over
500,000 during the past year.   This is
sufficient reply to the assumption
that because the trade unionists have
entered politics, they must necessarily
neglect business ot the trade union
movement. The longer your "old-age
pension committee" can delay Its report the better (or all concerned. We
had three commissions on old-age pensions appointed by the British government, and then another commission
had to be appointed to report what the
Three Commissions
had been doing. (Laughter.) But,
when the forty-two labor and Socialist members were elected to the British house of commons, we got the old-
age pension legislation. Isn't It a wonderful thing that when men get injured they should want compensation?
We have also obtained the minimum
wage for colliers, the best compensation act in the world, our latest Insurance scheme, which, with all its defects, Is a good and useful scheme;
we have also begun to tax Incomes
and also land values. In six years we
have accomplished what would have
taken six hundred years If we had depended entirely upon the old parties.
Go thou and do likewise. (Laughter.)
Don't be ashamed of being called, a
Socialist, the capitalist class will
make you proud of being called a So-
! ciallBt. The railways and land of
Canada should be owned by the people of Canada,' instead of by the people who don't even live among you.
See to lt that you hand over to your
children a nobler life than you yourselves have entered Into.
Mr. Hardle resumed his seat amidst
prolonged applause.
when the worker shall be free. Too
long have the workers been lead "P
blind alleys and It Is only a matter of
ume when the men who can talk scientifically can expect to hold his place
with the workers.
As regards Greet Britain, I think
enough Ink has been wasted to wipe it
off the map. Where men and women
have to eke out an existence on the
garbage grounds with hardly a rag to
cover them, and If those that have
been In the front rank of labor had
taught-the workera that the abolition
ot the wage system waa the forerunner ot freedom, the workers of Great
Britain would have been nearer their
goal instead of the' confusion which
exists there today. With regard to
I. L. P. and industrial unionism, and
the so-called big strikes, does lt not
react on the workers? Take the strike
of the botlermakers and machinists of
the so-called most prosperous country
ln the world, where the workers
walked out aa one man from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and his stomach dictated to him that something else was
needed than hanging around the sta-
..on and factory doing picket duty,
out of mat ln this city grew the local
of the Socialist Party of Canada. One
may say that lt was the engineers
and firemen combined with all the rest
to make up a gigantic corporation
like the C. P. R. who beat us down,
and If we had all been In one union
we would have won out Nothing of
the kind. These workers helped financially to keep out and win. It was
the competition trom without that
beat us, and If we were one, the competition from within would have done
lt, as a man can only hang out as long
as his stomach will allow him.
Boilermakers' Union. Moose Jaw, Sask.
At Boston in Connection With the
Textile Workers' Strike
at Lawrence.
A dispatch ot the 16th Inst, states
that William D. Haywood, of Denver,
general organizer of 'the Industrial
Workers of the World, was arrested
at Boston, Mass., on a capias warrant
Issued as a result of the Indictment
charging him with conspiracy In connection with the strike of textile workers ln Lawrence last winter. He was
released on $1,000 bond. Haywood ln
addressing a mass meeting of 15,000
persons, on Boston Common, sounded
a call for a general strike of New England workers to begin a nation-wide
movement as a protest against the
"arrest, imprisonment and .trial of Et-
tor, Giovannittt and Caruso."
These three Industrial Workers who
were active during the Lawrence
strike, are charged with complicity to
murder, ln connection with the shooting of a striker, Anna La Plaza, during
a riot In Lawrence last January. Banners were displayed at the meeting On
Sunday calling for the release of the
three leaders, and Haywood 'was
cheered when he cried: "We will open
the jail doors or close the mill gates."
The Indictment on which Haywood
was arrested was returned by the Essex county grand jury several months
ago, and although It was announced
that he would come into the state today, no Interference with the mass
meeting was attempted.
Wage-Workers' Forum
To Editor B. C. Feduratlonlat:—
Sir—In your Issue of August 31st,
Mr. Jordan has an article on politics.
He says the Socialist Party ot Canada,
Its platform and official organ, The
Western Clarion, is out of touch with
the working mass, and asks how a man
can belong to a labor union and at the
same time agree with the dope published In that paper.
In regards to all slave papers, and
papers that cater to people who want
, - platform about the size of a block,
tlons. There are many difficulties ln | one may safely say that they are out
our way, but the day will come \vhen, 0f touci, w|th the working mass, as It
i„ <-„n„rf,, „„ .„ ,.,„ it„u^ a,„,„ „„,.! k       them hUBt||ng t0 kee|) all     ag
ln Canada, aB In the United States and
Europe, the working class movement
w... be as cohesive In politics as In
tbe trades union activity. At home
every day and every hour we have
great advertisements and agents
scouring the country, urging our people to come out to Western Canada,
or to the Golden West, where they
can own their own home and become
millionaires if only they will be sober
and thrifty. (Laughter.) Our aristocracy, to show their patriotism and loyalty, are Introducing ln this country
the system of private ownership of
lands which lies at the root of poverty
ln England. The titled and untitled
Aristocracy Is Here.
Although the conditions of life are
better here than in England, lt Is because this Is a new country, and the
trades union movement Is strong
enough to protect wages. Now, comrades, an attempt, very powerful, Insidious attempt Is being made to introduce that other adjunct of capitalism Into these new territories. I refer to the system of militarism, and
with all my strength and force I urge
you to fight this unholy thing right
from the start. What use bas Canada
lor armies and navies? Thousands of
miles of your border Is without any
kind of defence. Militarism Is antidemocratic, and If the capitalist class
can get you shouting for "the flag and
the greatest empire," they will be able
to pick your pockets with Impunity, I
am reminded of'what Solomon said:
"The eyes of the fool are at the ends
of the earth," and I advise you to keep
your eyes at home on the methods ot
exploltatlng the working class. Tbe
labor movement of the old world
stands uncompromisingly against war
and the Implements of war, and all
the war spirit. What Interest have
the working class In going out to kill
their brothers? We do not stand for
militarism to tight each other, but for
the worker has been taught misconceptions In the so-called places of education, bo that when a working class
paper Is offered to him to read, little
less to subscribe, he thinks It a joke
and lt Is generally turned down. Therefore lots of good sheets containing
good, sound matter, like the sheet that
was started in Reglna, had to go out
of business on account of lack of support from the workers, the petty little
store keepers doing more to keep lt
alive than did the workers themselves.
Hence The Western Clarion holds the
front rank of all slave papers sold in
the city of Moose Jaw. This paper has
done more to clean up the misconceptions that have been taught in the so-
called places of education, than any
other paper published ln the English
language. It has more subscriptions,
and has put its readers in the front
rank, with a clear concept of the position which the workers hold In society,
until from holding meetings in a room
12x12, the audiences now go to the
largest and beat theaters of Moose
Jaw, with an average attendance of
three hundred. It may be out of touch
with Mr. Jordan, but lt is a falsehood
to say that It is out of touch with
those that want education and agree
with Its platform.
What platform does the slave need?
It is not platform they want. It Is
knowledge, and when they have sufficient knowledge to elect a majority,
then, and then only, can the workera
expect emancipation. The ownership
of tho earth Is all the platform that Is
needed, and I guess lt hurts to be told
that as long as labor power remains
a commodity slaves will remain, When
a fellow trades unionist attepmts to
teach his fellow unionist that political
action, with the ownership of the
earth aB his goal, that man Is generally put down as a knocker of the
trades union movement, when he Is
"The Federatlonist In Polities."
Editor B, C. Federatlonist:   Thanks
are due to Bro. Kavanagh for clearing
up so many points In his thoughtful
and considerate reply last week.
I agree that the Intensity of the
struggle for existence, Including modern education, procreates the revolutionary type of reforms I mentioned.
Capitalism, however, Is a whoring
father and only desires to satisfy its
sensual and selfish Instincts and lta
momentary convenience. It tries by
morally Illegal process and Its opera-
tlons of finance to prevent the development whloh the British and Australian
labor parties are fostering. It Is no
sham fight In which the representatives of capital pit their money power
against labor. With the power of their
press they try to hound out Hardle,'
Macdonald and Fisher. When false
argument and ridicule falls, they try
bribery, then open threats, then millions In money. They jail Tom Mann.
They tie down Darrow. They would
murder Ettor and Glvannittt to prevent the accomplishment of tbe type
of reforms and the betterment of conditions for which these men bo nobly
fight when free.
The representatives of capital will
risk their eternal mansion, the music
of heavenly lyres, the Infinite Inspiration of feathered females, In order to
oppose what Bro. Kavanagh calls pal-
The proper socialist process of reform carries into the economic sphere
the practice ot artificial selection
which has proved so successful tn the
biological domain. Natural selection
Is comparatively very slow tn operation. Artificial selection means much
more rapid development.
Your correspondent's quotation from
the first volume of "Das Kapltal" In
no way conflicts with my contentions
as to the material benefits to be de-
rived from a shortening of the work-
Ing day. Marx does not Introduce
that phrase (P. 440) "within certain
limits" merely to lengthen the chapter. He plainly means that what Is
lost to capital by a shortening of the
working day cannot be absolutely regained thro the Increased Intensity of
labor power. On this subject not only
does be say that the maximum and
minimum limits are very elastic, but
also that within these limits an immense scale of variations Is possible.
I must ponlt out that 1 nno way at
any time have I disputed the fact that
the tendency of capitalism Is to push
the value of labor to the minimum
limit. When Marx used the word
"tendency" he did not mean lt to carry more than the term covers.
It would be Interesting to follow any
attempt ot Bro. Kavanagh to reconcile
his Idea that capitalism will continue
to crush tbe proletariat to the point
of revolt, with his belief that labor
parties are promoting the Interests of
capitalism, In view of his opinion that
reforms have no beneflcal effect upon
the working class.
The B. C. Federation should enter
politics because lt is a well-organized
body of oppressed labor. Karl Kant-
sky, In his brilliant analysis In the
"Social Revolution," after considering
Marx's definition, rightly, to my mind,
Interprets him in saying that "Anyone
la a revolutionist who seeks to conquer
political power for a hitherto oppressed class, and he does not lose
this character If he prepares and hastens this conquest by social reforms
wrested from the ruling classes. It is
not the striving after social reforms,
but the explicit confining one's self to
them that distinguishes the social reformer from tho social revolutionist.
The workers are becoming m«re
willing each day to fulfill the deslr; of
Marx, to form a working class party
In politics, not only to efficiently promote the Inspiring Ideal of socialism,
but to strive all the time to protect
the people so that they may enter Into
the glory of the co-operative commonwealth, not as broken wretches past
salvation, but as labor's human liatal-
llons still capable of enjoying to the
full heritage for which they have
fought and won,
I do not wish to subject the members o' the S.P.C. to further criticism.
If they are convinced that I have reasoned right ln this discussion, they
will encourage the Federation to enter politics and unite themselves in a
democratic spirit with the real working class revolutionary movemont.
Finally, Bro. Kavanagh should now
be surfeited with reasons, but one
more and I have done. Lord Davenport Issued a letter to the British
press whilst tradeB union dockers
were dying of starvation for their
loyalty to working class unity. In the
course of what was an Insulting jihll-
llplc against organized labor he said:
"Nothing short of legislative action
will change the attitude of the port of
London authority toward those who
declared this unprovoked and unjustifiable war."
Lord Davenport has not lived In vain
If the workers of Great Britain and
British Columbia will only rise to a
full realization of his unintended hint.
346 5th Ave. West.
International solidarity whereby  we generally doing It to hasten the day
There Is a general depression In the
printing trade at Reglna, Sask. Reglna
Union, No. 657, now has a membership
of ever 100. Last year there were 50
Study These Prices, the Goods are Right
Black Diamond
Hand Saws
Fully Warranted
20-in. $1.25     24-in. $1.50
22-in.   1.34     26-in.   1.75
Of Best Heavy Canvaa
16-in. $2.00       20-in. 2,50
18-in.  2.25       22-in. 2.75
Co-operation Without Investment—Ask About It
StUlaon'e Wranohss
6-in., reg. $1.00 80
8-in., reg. $1,15 SO
10-in., reg. $1.25........ .95
14-in.,reg. $1.75... 1.26
V/astcott Wranohaa
6-in. 65c 10-in. $1.00
8-in.85o 12-m.  1.60
With Mitor Pipe
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
Bright and Dull Leathers I Camping, Beating mi
Tans If You Prefer    |        Tennis Shoes
Natnad Shoas Ara rraquantlr
Made tn Non-Union ractartaa
no matter what lta name, unless It bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoo WorKora' Union
246 Summer Street Beaten, Han.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.   C. L. Baine, see.-Treas.
Honest Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary work?
' shops baa one inevitable result
THE SHOE \K7/^^^1^  Look for the
specialist    YY   ^LetW ^ktttw eM^sw   Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
(       l,,"' "Hi".*
0£S     IN B.C.* cU'e^*^
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
■J  "Work with the President and
the President works with you"
PrMKMttt afoipmHtm Onarutotf
The Beer Without
a reer
The Vancouver Breweries
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province, and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
The Fort Fraser
—will give reliable information regarding the Fort Fraier District, Fort
Fraser the metropolis of the interior of British Columbia. The interior of
this great Province will pour out its virgin wealth to its first settlers. Farm
lands, town lots or business opportunities. Sawmill, Government Buildings,
Bank, Store, Hotel and other buildings now built or under construction.
Railway grading. Transcontinental line next year. Write
W. A. MATHESON Secr^^aBox 1756
It has been suggested that we
print a card, 11x14 inches,
setting forth the superiority
Whale Brand
"Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
To the wage-worker who will
send us the best "copy" for
the proposed card, we will
give a prize of $5 in. oash.
Answers to be mailed
not later than Sept 30
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
*ke aaateuws* Union desire to
aaaka tt knewa te an ooneemed
skat a* Vraaailn oreheatra is
aoasalna aaa not entitled to tbe
We can furnish] wwi you ted
youn home|" Sn
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
For Expert
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings St. West
■BOOMS VetMOWa IBIDOE construction will soon .start. Buy now before
prices Jump; four large lots left; only
a blook from waterfront, right at Second Narrows; 9650 each; quarter cash.
balance f, 12, 18 months. What will
these be worth when building begins?
Whltaker & Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experts, 430 Howe street, ,Van_
JTOB 1AX.B.—Plemiih Giant Bares j two
moftths old; thoroughbred: $1 each.
Apply W. I>. Jones, Brockton Point
Lighthouse or P. O. Box 27, City.
Cleaned, Blocked, Dyed
|»3? Richard, stj Hat Hospital
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of ths Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Magaiine 80S Railroad
Bldf., Denver, Colorado
Tou are hereby Invited to visit our
new demonstrating rooms at 843 Granville, and see the 25-horsepower Telfc-
BOT BOUiBB in operation. If you have
already seen the boiler you must know
that we have a proposition which is revolutionizing steam and is bound to make
big money for all who participate ln the
development of this company. If you
have not seen the boiler you owe it to
yourself to at least Investigate. A description in print of the advantages of
over all other
hollers would sound like a fairy tale.
Pay us a visit and have them explained
in person. It will be well worth your
time and trouble to just see a boiler
which has all Its water on top and all
the steam at the bottom, next to the
firebox, where it belongs. Mention this
paper when you call. There Is a reason.
REMEMBE7R, we are still selling
stock at par, $1.00 per share. Get at
least a small block before It advances ln
price. We give you terms which will
please you. .
Carrall Street
Thousands of Tuooutw dttitni
hart been cured, aad oan testtfy to
thttt facts.
Because Llquil Sulpuhr is the
greatest known blool pudlfler of
the century, Every one/knows that
sulphur is good for the entire system. Almost every one has taken
sulphur in some form or another.
Out is it known 10 you that buI-
Khur ln Its powdered form cannot
e assimilated into the blool
through the stomach? If the stomach cannot dissolve sulphur, how
can the blood be purified? Liquid
Sulphur is already dtsnolved, Ib ln
fact, ready for the stomach to distribute through the system. Liquid
Sulphur goes direct to the seat
of the trouble, Impure blood, attacks and drives out of the entire
system nil germs and impurities.
It removes the cause and permanently cures.
If your druggist cannot supply
you, wo will send by mail to any
address, on receipt of pi-Ice 50c
and 11.00 at our riwk.
Prepured only by
606  SMYTHS  ST.,
Vancouver   B. O.
Chairman    Resolution     Committee
Otttlph Congress Convention.—
Elected Vice-President
for Manitoba.
Weai* Leader
It helps you to be well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and still' hats of
every conceivable stylo
and color are here at a
saving to yourself of a
dollar to a dollar and a
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Strong Peeling in Favor of Participation in Civic Elections
By Workers'Party.
VANCOUVER, Sept. 19.—Regular
meeting Trades and Labor Council convened this evening, Labor Temple, at
8 o'clock, President J. Kavanagh In
chair and other officers present, save
Executive Member Wilkinson,, not yet
returned from the Ouelph Convention
ot the Trades and Labor Congress ot
Minutes' of previous meeting read
and approved.
Tile Layers and Helpers—Jas. H.
Waitresses—Miss Polly Brisbane.
Garment Workers—Miss MacRae,
Mrs. Baumgartner.
Regular meeting executive held Sept.
18, vice-president McMillan tn chair.
Present—Dels. McMillan. Campbell,
McVety, BreaBley, Piper and the secretary.
Communication from Secretary Morrison, American Federation of Labor,
Washington, D. C. Convention Call.
Filed.  Concurrence.
Following accounts recommended
for payment: T. Walden, cartridges,
Labor Day, SI; W. Wastell, day's work,
S3; Chas. F. Wood, Musicians' Band
and Orchestra, Labor Day, $85; J. C.
Burgess, wax, 70c.   Ordered paid.
Committee recommends that Cooks,
Waiters, and Stage Employees' Unions
be notified of arrears ln per capita
tax, and given one month ln which to
pay amount due. Concurrence.
Parliamentary Committee.
Secretary Hpes reported a lively
meeting held on Sept. 13, with Del.
Blumberg presiding, and 17 delegates
The question of the Trades and Labor Council participating in the next
municipal election, which was referred to the committee for consideration
and recommendation was discussed at
great length, most all of the delegates
taking part ln the debate.
It was finally resolved that .the
Trades and Labor Council be recommended to take part in the coming
municipal election, and that the unions
be circularized, requesting them to
elect delegates to a nominating convention to be held later.
Macdonald-Burgess—That the council non-concur in the recommendation.
Discussion participated in by Dels.
Pettipiece, Burgess, Blumberg Graham,
McVety, Hutton.
Petttpiece-Freckelton—That a committee of three bo named to interview
the Socialist Party as to its intention
of participating ln the next municipal
campaign.   Carried.
Committee: Dels. Pettipiece, Graham and McVety.
Referring to the reported case of
mal-admintstratlon at the City hospital, the sub-committee appointed to interview the Interested parties reported
that the case had been somewhat exaggerated, Report received and a vote
of thanks tendered the committee for
Its services.
A discussion ln connection with C.
N. R„ the city council and False Creek,
resulted in a recommendation that the
Trades and Labor Council be requested to protest against the granting of
the bed of False Creek free to the Canadian Northern Railway. Non-concurrence.
Labor Day Committee,
Secretary Burgess reported a balance of $236.30. .Received as progress
Trades and Labor Congress
Trades and Labor Congress.
Sec. Pettipiece briefly outlined the
proceedings of the recent Guelph convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Reports of Unions.
Steam Engineers—Dels. Blumberg
reported that the World and Province
offices were employing non-union engineers.
Amalgamated Carpenters—Del. Smith
reported membership growing. Org.
Wells ln city. Mill workers being organized.
Painters—Del. Abbs, reported trade
fair; progress being made.
Sheet Metal Workers—Del. Gould reported special efforts being made In
organisation work.
Longshoremen—Del. Hughes reported good results along organization
lines. One of their members, Bradley,
had died during the week; Would he
buried by the union.
Typos.—Del. Pettipiece reported
Thomson Stationery Co., printing office
on unfair list.   Situation well ln hand.
Moving Picture Operators—Del.
Schmltt reported strike still on, but
outlook encouraging. Princess theatre chief offender. Asked delegates
to report same back to their respective unions.
Roll Call.
Statistician Beasley reported 41 delegates present.
New Business.
Plpes-Knlght—That the executive
committee be requested to formulate a
recommendation covering the holding
of council meetings oftener, or at least
arranging for special meetings to be
held for educational purposes. Carried.
....Miss MacRae (Garment Workers)-
Pipes—That each delegate to this council be requested to secure 25 members
from their respective unions to pledge
themselves to purchase local-made,
union-made overalls, either Buck or
Whale brand, with a view to assisting
the members of the Garment Workers'
Cumberland, Vancouver Island,
advices trom officers of the United Mine Workers' union are to
the effect that the miners are
taking a sort of voluntary holiday, pending the adjustment of
differences with the mine operators, chief of which seems to be
that of discriminating against
union men.
No strike has as yet been declared, but it looks as though
it might resolve itself Into something of the kind.
So far as can be learned no
effort Is being made by the mine
owners to Import men to continue the operation of the mines.
Thus readeth the flrst chapter.
(Continued from page one)
dulged In a little politics. Even "caucuses"—whatever that Is—were said
to have been held in certain quarters.
However, lt all came out in the wash
—or rather—on the floor.
Robert Hungerford was also present.
' To listen io those Frenchmen singing the "Marseillaise" was a treat.
They were Indeed the songsters ot the
The hoisting of a Montreal pennant
by the delegation trom that city at
the opening session was the cause of
good-natured repartee. It might be explained that lt was red, with the letters in black. Red stands for socialism, said the local dally press.
For the twelfth year, Frank J. Plant,
circulation clerk ot the Lab,or Gazette,
Ottawa, represented that journal at
the convention.
The Montreal delegation was headed
by Alphonse Vervllle, M. P., who is of
the dual tongue, conversing alike with
ease and fluency, in English and
A resolution of sympathy for P. M.
Draper of Ottawa was passed during
tho sessions. Mr. Draper Is the secretary of the Congress, but Is only convalescing from an attack of typhoid
fever. James Simpson acted as secretary.
The Montreal delegation were a lively bunch. They were out after the next
Congress. Their motto was "Chaucum
son tabac, which means "Smoke your
own tobacco," or in other words, "sudden death." '
A noticeable figure at the convention was Mr.. Allan Studholme, M..P.P.,
of Hamilton. He had his coat off and
took an active Interest ln the affairs
of the convention.
Montreal was strong tor the 1913
convention and got lt, every one of
the 27 being boosters for the other
Royal City. New Westminster and
Vancouver want lt for 1916.
By way ot boosting Vancouver for
the 1915 convention the Guelph Mercury ran a cut of the Vancouver Labor
Temple together with the "mugs" of
Wilkinson, Pettlplece and Trotter.
Kler Hardle gave Col. Sam Hughes'
military jingoism a few hard bumps
in his address to the delegates.
The election of "Jack' Bruce as
"Infernal" delegate to the A. F. of L,
convention, fills, as the country editor would say, "a long felt want."
"Jimmy" Simpson was as large as
life and filled the office ot secretary-
treasurer ln his usual able style.
From all accounts none ot the delegates were detained when they visited
the prison farm.
Observes the Poor Scotchman:
"Bruce as the 'Infernal delegate' verifies the old truism: 'Chickens come
home to roost'"
In a brief and appropriate reply to
addresses of welcome, President James
Watters said he was pleased at the
kindly sentiments expressed by those
who had extended a welcome to the
Congress delegates.. He said that from
his experience In Guelph he had every
reason to feel satisfied with the welcome extended and the arrangements
made for the convenience and pleasure of the delegates. "But we are
not here for pleasure," said President
Watters. "The questions to be considered are of great importance and
responsibilities rested upon the dele-
gates to legislate In the interests ot
humanity. If we take out the working
class there Ib nothing left, and therefore I speak advisedly when I say we
are building tor humanity. I ask the
delegates present to carefully consider
all matters brought before the convention and to try and place themselveB
in the other fellow's shoes. If this is
done we will have the real solution of
the labor problem. At thl* stage,
however, I would like to refer to the
International character of this convention. This feature Is strongly em-
done, we will have tbe real solution
of the labor problem. At this stage,
fore I speak advisedly when I say we
are building for humanity. I ask the
phaslzed not only by the presence of
the representatives of international
trades unions from this continent, but
also by the presence of our comrade,
Keir Hardle, representing the British
Labor Party, and Brother Smith, representing the American Federation
of Labor."
Trades unions have rescued women
from the underground mine, the child
from the factory, and encouraged the
building of homes, more schools, parks
and playgrounds.
a. a. Sim.
Bmln.li Aceas Faatanra' Union, wa:
left Teet.rtey aa Detente '
KUwankee OonventToo.
[ate te
A, F. of L. RULING.
Membership Insist that U. B. of 0.
& J. and Amalgamated Shall
Settle Between Themselves
Active rebellion against dlctums of
the American Federation of Labor has
become manifest ln the city and was
made public at the trades and Labor
Council meeting last week, when a let.
ter from Secretary Frank Morrison
was read, ordering the council to expel the delegates of the local unions
of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners, because of the letter's refusal to merge with the Brotherhood of Carpenters and so place themselves Under the jurisdiction of the
A. F. of L. Strong resentment was
shown by the delegates at what was
described as the unwarranted Interference by the big American organisation ln local affairs. Several speakers
said the time had arrived for a change,
when Canadians should have Jurisdiction over their own affairs. The discussion was very bitter, the remarks
ot Organiser Ryder ot the Brotherhood,
who declared that the members ot the
Amalgamated Society were not worthy
of being considered union men, was
greeted with cries of "shame." He followed this up by saying they were not
fit to sit ln the council, as they were
always opposed to progress, and kept
the scale of wages down. At which
statement there were shouts of "Lie."
Mr. Ryder then appealed to the chairman to compel the delegates to retract
this remark. They refused to do so unless he apologized for and withdrew
his offensive statements. After much
tumult order was restored and the epithet was withdrawn, only to be repeated ln a more polite form.
It was proposed that the letter be referred to the executive committee ton
consideration, and that they be Instructed to bring in a recommendation
on the matter In accordance with the
terms of the council's charter. This
was met with an amendment that the
council comply with the conditions laid
down by Secretary Morrison's letter.
After further heated discussion, ln
which personalities were freely Indulged in, a further amendment was
proposed that the matter be referred
to the executive committee) which
body should hear evidence from both
organizations regarding the matter in
dispute, and report to the council what
action, if any, should be taken. This
carried, as did a further motion that
only three representatives of each or
ganlzatlon, who should be members of
Toronto .unions, should appear before
the executive.
Non-Label Printing Criticized.
Commenting on' an advertisement
of a certain large Jewelry firm In this
city, Diogenes in "Street Corners"
column of the Dally Province of September 13, draws' attention to a gross
error appearing therein, caused by the
misplacement of an apostrophe. This
error has been flaunted before the
traveling public of Vancouver for some
time and had Diogenes read the advertisement through he would have noticed the business of the advertiser to
be that of Jewellers and "Silversmiths."
Now, Silversmith is a term which
might apply to a wood dealer or some
calling of that description, but certainly Is out of place when applied to
a business as refined as that ot Jeweler
and silversmith.
Upon closer scrutiny lt is also noticed that the advertisement tn question does not bear the Union Label—
the guarantee of work being done hy
competent workmen under conditions
necessary to produce the best result!.
Is not the quality and appearance or
their printed matter ot some concern
to proprietors of ouslness establishments? Is lt not of some importance
that when they place their wares before the buying public through street
car advertising, or otherwise, that this
Is done In an intelligent and attractive
manner, rather than In such a way as
to become the object of ridicule and
criticism?  By asking for and Insisting
The presence, during tbe week, of a
real live duke has been the occasion
of a good deal of pleasant amusement
for those who have little else to do.
local, largely composed of girls and
women.   Carried.
Del. Blumberg asked tiie Council to
assist in the further organization ot
the loggers along the Pacific coast. Del.
McVety suggested that the question be
referred to the executive committee
with power to act. Agreed to.
Org, Young Present,
C. O. Young, general organizer of the
American Federation of Labor, was Invited by Pres. Kavanagh to address the
meeting, which he did, briefly, promising at a later date to have more to
say to the wage-workers of Vancouver,
Asked for the co-operation of local
unionists In helping to make his work
as effective as possible during the
next few weeks.
Your Appearance
MANY a man has lost
good opportunities for
advancement in life simply
because he did not dress
well. The prioe of stylish^
serviceable clothing today
is so little that anyone oan
afford it. If you doubt
this, come to our store.
We will prove it to your
813 Granville Street
Break Your Chains --
and go back
to the land
We Help Tou to Locate
Homesteads and Pre-Emptions
in British Columbia
Western Fanning & Colonization Co.
5 Winoh Building       LIMITED         Vancouver, B.O.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
A Storeful of New Autumn Merchandise  Is  Ready to Greet You   Here
Especially attractive are the new
displays of handsome dress fabrics and silks for the new season.
Every wynted weave, every new
weave and every color, are well
shown.   A visit to our Daylight
Dress Goods Department on the
second floor will interest every
woman who is planning a new
suit or gown.   May we nave the
Eleasure  of  showing  you our
andsome stock.
auirxmn m. w»t
Between Abbott and Oarrall.
British Board of Trade Reports on
Railway Accidents
The British board of trade report
just Issued at London states that In
1911, one passenger was killed on the
average In every 94,700,000 Journeys,
and one Injured ln every 2,830,000, as
compared with one ln 70,000,000 killed
and one ln 2,100,000 Injured ln the ten
years ending with 1910. These figures
further, take no account of the Jour
neys of season-ticket holders, the number, of whom, lt Is stated, has greatly
Increased In recent years, so that the
risk is really less than the figures Indicate. Last year 1,070 persons were
killed and 8,346 were Injured, an increase of eight killed and three Injured on 1910. Of those who were
killed 390 were railway servants and
462 trespassers (Including persons
who committed suicide).
S. O. P. Meetings.
. Vancouver Local, Social Democratic
Party of Canada, meets every Sunday
evening tn O'Brien's hall. Business
and propaganda meeting.
, Subject tor. Sept. 24: "Resolved,
that B. C. provincial and city governments take Immediate steps to prevent recurrence of an unemployed
problem such as Vancouver faced last
winter." <•
T. Matthews will lead discussion.
All Interested invited to take part
In these discussions.
William Mallly, ex-secretary of the
U. S. Socialist Party, died last week.
He paved the way for hla successors
ln office and lived to see a good der>
of the work accomplished that he and
his comrades dreamed of and worked
hard for.
on the Union Label being placed on
your frlenllness to organised labor,
your f rlendllness to organised labor,
but also protect yourself sgalnst Inferior workmanship.
In order to establish an equitable
scale of wages for workingmen lt is
necessary unions do all ln their power
to protect honorable employers from
competition with non-union and cheap-
labor concerns which employ unskilled men and even boys ot school
age to turn out work that only journeyman printers should handle. Work
is turned out every day by such concerns which Is a disgrace to the printers' craft.
Any competent printer can secure
the label by making aplplcatlon to the
union and conforming to Its constitution and bylaws.
Maker,  of Fine   Portrsii,U
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
TAaooirt-BB, a. a
Building Hardware, General
Hardware, Tools for the Carpenter, Cement Worker, Machinist, Plasterer, Bricklayer
Lawn   Mowers,   Rakes
Spades and Hose and all
requisites to make your
~home neat and tidy
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 624
Simonds Saw
We would Remind You the
Simonds Saw is the Best Saw
thai can be Made
Sale Aseali lor Veaceuter
111 Hastings tt. W.
Phone Seymour 204
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
«J When you buy your mils
from us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
tj In dealing with ui you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
Where Rents are lower
They  Sell  Cheaper
(Opp. B. & K. Wharf)
When you play Pool Ploy al ihe
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union
39 Hastings Street East
J. O. Parliament, Prop.
Something New
If you are ruptured you should
have the best This means that
you are looking for a riew -Johnston Appliance. ,'
Write or Call for Information
Private Pitting Ruome
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.
j«U    594 Richards
Wouldn't You Be
angry, if after purchasing
Stove Bedding, Crockery and Furniture elsewhere, you found ont you
could get the same things
for a great deal less at
897 Granville St., Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey; 8745
NOTICE Is hereby given that on ami
after. October 1st. 1912, shares ln the
Vancouver Labor Temple Company, Limited, will be Increased from $1.00 to $1.60
uer share,
1 Managing Director.
AMT    BVUBBM    aXQam    or    Iwrf-
tary wanting down-town headquarters
oan secure free desk room at the Mln-
to Pool Room. 784 Main Street


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