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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 15, 1912

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'■     ■■              ■■■ ■   " '■'   M,.,- jvE ■!■■    , ■ ...-TirS- -,      ■■»,..!•   in-.- .  ,r
Only Hope for Humberleis Army
J . of Male »nd Female Poorly.
'   - paid, Long-honr Workers
' The Retail Clerks' International
Protective Association has a membership of 50,000. ' _"
There are over 1,000 local lodges In
that many cities and towns tn Canada
and the United States.
It Is the only organisation of the
kind ln existence having for lta aim
ths betterment and uplifting ,of tbe
employees of the retail trade.
Its work Is directed toward ths snd
that all members may bs benefitted.
It provides for toe members when
It aids the beneficiaries of Its deceased members.
It secures a shorter work day for
Its members.
It maintains a higher standard of
wages for services rendered.
It regulates the relations between
employer and employed.
It promotes a fraternal feeling between all salespeople by means ot. the
Advocate, a paper devoted to the In.
terests of tbe retail clerks of .Canada
and the United States. .
Tbe sick benefit ot five dollars per
week twelve weeks each year, aad
|J5 to 1100 according to length ol
membership Is the greatest fraternal
feature of the organisation.
These cash benefits are good undoubtedly, but even better Is the work
being done to uplift the standard of
life for the retail salespeople by securing shorter hours of work and a higher
rate of wage.
The old system of working from six
and seven In the morning until nine
and ten every evening and as late aa
eleven and twelve on Saturday has
given sway to the 5:30 and ( closing
throughout the week except Saturday
Retail salesladies are eligible to
membership and receive the same ben-
lets as the men.
Thousands of women and girls are
compelled to work long hours In poor-
ly ventilated stores for a meagre
This association reduces the hours
of labor, requires the payment of a
living wage and compels employers
to provide comfortable seats behind
the counters of the retail establishments.
. Few, If any, insurance companies
pay a combined sick and funeral benefit to women. This membership contains many thousand ladles,
How to Organise.
Any number of retail salespeople,
not less than seven, who are not under any restriction specified in the
constitution of this association, may
form a local lodge.
Flrat secure application forms and
printed matter from headquarters.
Then call a meeting through public or
private Invitation and, explain..the
necessity and benefits of organization.
Obtain the signatures to the application and forward with fee of $1.00
each on at least seven applicants to
Internationa! headquarters for charter.
All necessary books, papers, seal, etc.,
will he furnished for the sum of 110
Each local has lull charge of Its
own local funds and is only required
to pay to the International association
a monthly per capita tax of 25c. on
each member ln good standing. This
payment protects a., members ln the
bim and funeral benefit.
Carefully Stand Stunt to Dig-
credit "Beds" and Herald
Steam-roller Viotoryl
The American Federation ot Labor
is in session at Rochester, N. Y., this,
week. The dally press Is loaded with
the stock-worn story of how the "socialists are going id oust Oompers,"
and other equally ridiculous yarns,
especially to unionists who have had
the experience of attending a convention.
The A.F. of L. last year laid down,
In convention, the principle of "on.
Industry, one organisation," and as a
result somewhat drastic action ln certain caBes has bad to be taken.
The executive council Is confronted
with a whole lot of members who sre
forever bowling for Industrial unionism, but when It comes to making a
move in that direction the dim sounds
like a pack of coyotes separated from
their base of supplies.
, It the plumbing and steamfittlng Industry is to be placed under the Juris-
ln|biMri ud Pntapasa Called
Out in Effort to Port* aa
Early Settlameiit
At th. time of Tb. Federatlonist going to press (Thursday stoning) than
has been no settlement mad. oa Vancouver Island by the Canadian Collieries Co. with th. locked-out eoal minors
at Cumberland and Ladysmlth. , Beyond ths calling out of th* sngtasars
and pumpman, reported trom Ladysmlth below, th. situation has only
become mora acuta; th. struggle for
supremacy mora bitter. Th. company
Is stopping at nothing to atarr. aad
drive th. strikers baok to work, aad
In this position they are being ably assisted by Premier McBride's polios department. On th. other hand, th.
miners recognise what th. loss of their
demands would mean. Simply that no
employs, dare report gas la dangerous
quantities or assume tor oa. taunts te
do for themselves what tb. government mln. Inspectors an paid to but
do not do.   It means mor.: It would
fcOMMOff ffflrni  '■.■;
stack, u Effort of Dtebioi Hndtd
Down by I
sVsonHIHg SMntarr Division 1st, Strset
SMlvay    SnploysM-    Union,    ■•»
Edmonton Sheet Metal Workers
The Edmonton branch ot the Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers, consisting of over a hundred members, Is
on strike. A minimum scale of 45 an
hour for Improvers and 60 cents an
hour for Journeymen Ib the demand of
the men which occasioned the walkout.
diction of one organisation, then the
A. F. Of L. Is dead right ln insisting
that that shall he done. And likewise
ln every other case. Right or wrong,
timely or untimely, it the line of action
is the correct one, let the Job be tackled, even to the temporary Injury and
dismay of a minority.
Wbat the biases. Is the use of talking
federation and industrialism and then
make such a trade union development
It's time the theorists took a tumble
and lined up their own membership.
There Is absolutely no need for more
than one organization ln any one industry, and the sooner tbe unionists
ot this continent get that Into their
minds, along with sufficient starch In
their spinal columns to back It up, the
better for the 'International labor
Experience proves tbat the .officers
of unions go as far as the membership
will let them go, and sometimes much
If there is any thing the matter with
President Oompers and the executive
council of the American Federation ot
Lsbor, lt can at least be Bald ln truth
that they are but a true reflex of a
membership that refuses to Itself get
together and do the things they alone
can do.
The principle of "one Industry, one
Plans   Drafted  by  Provisional
Meetings Submitted to Membership for Approval
The unionists of Winnipeg seem to
have at last devised a plan whereby It
will be possible for them to secure representation In law-making bodies.
Each union was Invited to send
three delegates to attend an Initial
meeting, for the purpose of discussing
the plan and arranging for the next
At the second meeting provisional
officers were elected, representation
of all unlona provided for, and a per
capita tax of 1 cent per month levied
upon the membership.
In the absence of a provincial federation of labor the present organisation
provides only tor the city of Winnipeg.
R. A. Rigg and ,W. J. Bartlett were
elected secretary and president respectively. . ,„„■.-...„.,„■si.ruw.it'&t-
Individual membership fee hss been
fixed at $1 per year.
The recommendations of the second
meeting have been submitted to the
membership for approval, rejection or
It Is the Intention of the new or
ganlzatlon to enter the forthcoming
municipal elections ln tbe Prairie City
The experiment will be watched
with interest ln the organized labor
world, ln view ot tbe elements that
have pooled their Interests In an effort
to bring order out of chaos.
. Sunday, Nor. 17—Telegraphers, 10:80 a.m. Bartenders, 8:00
p.m. £
Monday, Nor. It-Boilermakers, Elevator Constructors, Tailors' Executive, Electrical Workers, 213; Teamsters, Builders'
Laborers, Brotheshood ot Car
penters. y
Tuesday, Nov. IS—-Sign Painters, Bookbinders, Shinglers,
FresBmen, Amal. Carpenters,
Loco. Firemen and Englnemen,
Wednesday, Nov. 20—Cement
Workers, Tile Layers, Amal.
Carpenters, Street Rallwaymen,
Plumbers, Staty. Engineers.
ihursday, Novi 21—Pattern
Makers, Malntainence of Way
Employees, Ship Carpenters and
Caulkers, Painters, Sheet Metal
Workers, Bro. of. Railway Carmen, TradeB and Labor Council.
ttiday,   Nov.  i22—Structural
Iron    Workers,   parliamentary
'SaturdayTNov! 23—Bakers.
for men-
leather all
SOME makers of oheap shoes claim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles, If they do it's
certainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you evere xamine the sole of
oheap shoes? I( you did, the color was apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
Did you observe what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The soles of Inviotus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—n fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine ond tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out,   We have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
Hudson's Bay Stores
B. C. Federation of Labor
The third annual convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor will convene at Victoria on Monday, Jan. 13.
Earl B. Pettlplece, an active member of Olacler Lodge, No. 61, Brother
hood of Railway Trainmen, at Revelstoke, youngest brother of R. P. Pettlplece, was married last evening to
Miss Gladys McMullen ot Vancouver.
Lgbor Congress Executive Council
The executive board of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Csnada has
heen In session at Toronto during the
past week, preparing the business referred to lt by the Ouelph convention
for presentation to the federal government executive.
President J. C. Watters, Vice-President Fred. Bancroft and Acting Secretary James Simpson will represent the
CongresB, while others will be added
to the number to take up matters ot
special Interest to the Letter Carriers
and other unions.
The result of the conference with the
government will be awaited with keen
Interest by the affiliated unions of all
A. P. of L. Convention.
It is generally conceded that tbe
coming convention of the American
Federation of Labor will be epoch-
making. A determined effort will be
made to effect a radical change In the
policy of the A. F. of L. The long
drawn-out controversy between the
two factions of the International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
wlH probably be settled once and for
all, as far as the A. F. of L. Is concerned. The demand of the San Francisco Labor Council and tbe California State Federation of Labor tbat
the charter of the Alameda County
Central Labor Council be restored,
will cause a lively debate. So will
the request of many labor bodies
throughout the country that the con-
stitutlon of the A. F. of L. be so amended as to give greater local autonomy to central labor bodies. The Mc-
Namara case, the trlel of Ettor and
Olvoannlttl, tbe trial ot forty-six union
men at Indianapolis, the strike of tbe
textile workers at Lawrence, the strike
of the timber workers In Lousiana and
the question of Industrial unionism
are some ot the Important subjects
which will come before the convention
for discussion,
union," has simply got to come, sooner
or later. If that be so, why prolong
the agony? Let's out out lambasting
the other fellow alt the time, tbe easiest thing In the World to do, and take
a look nearer home. Chances are It
would keep us so busy putting our
selves right we Would have less time
to assume tbe cowardly attitude of
shoving the blame over onto "the men
higher up." When w. make sure tbat
our own hous. Is Is order we will at
least be more Justified ln supplying
a few stones tor ths attention of the
"well-oiled roller" of Oompers, et si.
Municipal Election Probabilities
—Larger Appropriation for
Parks Board Wanted.
If our estimable friend, Mayor Flndlay, has his way, there will be no civic
employment bureau attached to the
board of works, as suggested by Alderman Ramsay.
Olory be, for tbat anyway, Tbat Is
one good thing the chief magistrate
has done during his year of office, and
even for small mercies the working
man of Vancouver is generally devoutly thankful.
Of course the council will accept the
sage mayoral views. His worship's
faithful henchmen would never dream
of going against bis desires.
lt would be so Immodest ot them,
wouldn't lt?
But wbat everybody most closely affected would like to know Is what
pains and penalties are to be Inflicted
on those soldiers of labor who having
fought for a mere existence In the
summer in the Interior have perforce
to make for the large cities when winter with its rigors comes along.
Vancouver must not be found "easy"
this winter.
That is tbe sum and substance of the
aldermanlc attitude, adopted quite recently.
In effect this conveys the ultimatum,
"Vancouver closed; keep out!"
This Is a very praise worthy stand
to take it you are seeking votes, no
doubt, but British Columbia, famous
all over the world along with tbe rest
of Canada, for Its generous, iree-heart-
ed and open-banded hospitality, Is
hardly tbe place which will turn the
hungry man from Its doors.
Tbe working man of Vancouver Is
Just alive to the exigencies ot the case
as those who are flush with money,
and when he cares to assert himself, Is
a power to be reckoned with. He has
no more use for the professional Idler,
the hobo, but he will not care to see
honest laborers turned away to starve.
It Is far better for the generous ones
to be imposed upon time and time
again than that one genuine worker
should be treated to a frost-bitten
sneer and a clammy paw.
Working men ot Vancouver have
votes and they will know how to use
them next January ln face of the ominous threats that have been held out
against their bretnren.
Now that Mayor Flndlay Is ln the
discard as a mayoral possibility, once
more.he bas become a negligible quantity, so with bim out of the running
attention is to be paid to the other two
in tbe field.
Alderman Ramsay, father ot tbe
punch clock proposition, has shown by
his attitude on that sore subject that
he is very Suspicious ot those civic employees who work at the City Hall,
Evidently he thinks they might steal
a few minutes occasionally, but. a
man's work cannot always be reckoned by the hours he puts In. If so,
some of us would get rich so quickly
we would never know we had ever
been hungry.
So far he has Alderman Baxter opposing him. There may be others
coming out later on, but no definite
knowledge on tbat subject Is obtainable at present.
In view of wbat the city council Is
desirous of doing to ths out-of-works,
Deliberations of Ouelph Convention Boiled Down and Presented
to Federal Cabinet Ministers
President J. C. Watters, Secretary
P. M. Draper, Vice-President Bancroft,
Toronto, and several other officers of
the Trades and Labor CongresB of
Canada, "waited" upon Premier Bor
den and Hon. T. W. Crothers on Saturday last and pressed upon them a
great variety of subjects In regard to
resolutions which were passed at the
last annual meeting of the Congress.
One of the requests made was contained In a resolution asking for a
royal commission to Investigate tbe
working conditions In the Nova Scotia
steel industry.
A federal bill granting cheap, simple
and effective facilities for the formation of co-operative societies Is advocated. The conservation and public
ownership of all water power and coal
at present untouched In the Dominion
was another request of the delegation,
A long resolution asking for the repeal of the Lemleux Act was presented,
It was stated that while believing In
the principle ot Investigation, and
while realizing the benefits that would
have accrued to certain bodies of
workmen under the Act, yet, ln view"of
the decisions and rulings of the Department of Labor In connection with
the administration of the Act, and ln
consequence of the Judicial decisions,
such as that of Judge Townsend in
Nova Scotia, declaring that to feed a
starving man on strike is an offense
under the Act, they asked for the repeal of the Act.
The delegates were given a courteous hearing by the ministers, who
gave the usual promise of consideration.   "Ab-men."
Oa th. ground tbat proper gaarsk
war. supplied for a Jointer la the factory of th. Reliance Sash and Door
Company. Magistrate Shaw dismissed
sa action brought against the earn-
pany by C. 8. Gordon, the Prarlasssl
ictory Inspector, on Tnssday I
Th. Information was laid sai
tlon 31 of Us Factory Act aad ststigrt
tbe company with "MgUgssvos ta oasr-
atlng a Jointer without ettaealag a
guard thereto." The magistrate MM.
and probably rightly so, that the coaa-
panye duty eaassd wh«a prose*
guards wm supplied, unlese the workmen war. enBspsD.il, te order to sere
tins, to operate tb. i
th. workman
adjusting the guard to salt til work.
Under Section « tn
for th. prosecution ot .
wbo operate machine, tor
guards bar. asm supelM, VttMat
seeing that they are in place aad properly adjusted. >
' A little cooperation on th. part at
th. workers operating machinery ln
Insisting that guards be supplied aad
using than when farnlsked would materially reduce tht number of accidents in factories aad mills.
On the question ot ths prevsotteh ot
accidents, the Oennen Society ot Prevention Engineers, In an analysis ot H
{years statistics lh various Industries,
points out that It is much caster te
invent machine hazards than, thos.
dn. to human recklessness, careless-
tss or drunkenness.
In spite of th. Increased uss of machinery tn the German Empire, th.
number of workers Injured by machines Is only one per cent greater
than 11 years ago, while th. number
Injured from all causes hu lncressed
ttt per cent
gssrstar/ Taiwan* naeteiets' Vales.
Peculiarities of Soma Union Men
A sticker was noticed ln a street car
the other day which read as follows:
"Jenkins A Abbott do not employ
union help." Ouess the union sticking       _. 	
this up were in the same boat, aa there ProvinoI*af~Consta"bies "palisrd "and
mean tbat all the organisation work of
the past two years wu for worse thsn
naught. But with the financial assistance ot the International and the loyalty of Jobless men elsewhere there
Is no Immediate danger ot a capitulation on the part of the coal miners.
Reports of "settlements" appear regularly ln the dally presB, but there hu
been no settlement, and ther. will be
none until the coal barons consent to
the enforcement of th. Coal Mines
Regulation Act and agree to put an
end to discrimination against union
coal miners.
LADYSMITH, V. I., Nor.».—A mass
meeting of the employees of the Canadian Collerles, held in Union Hall,
decided to call all the fire bosses, engineers and pumpmen out of the
struck coal mines.
The company was trying to get
these and others to sign two-year contracts, conditions to remain the same
as when they were locked out. The
company had gone so far u to hare
three of them digging coal, ao It wu
up to the locked-out miners lo ask for
a showdown. It It la to be a light to
a finish, then all Is fair in war; at any
rate, the Attest shall survive. Ths
miners are standing solid and are confident of ultimate success.
NANAIMO, Nov. 10.—On receipt of
orders from Victoria this afternoon,
wu no union Label on the sticker.
Ottawa Central Labor Body
Ottawa Allied Trades Council proposes to take part In the next municipal elections of the federal Capital
City. Among the reforms sought will
be a decent waterworks system, unionists attributing the present service responsible for tbe recent epidemic of | distance phone'to The Federatlonist)
Faulkner were hastily despatched to
Cumberland to assist ln keeping order
during the strike at the mines. The
officers left on the 8 o'clock boat for
Nanalmo and will catch the night bi at
for Cumberland and report to Chief
Stephenson.—Dally Herald.
LADYSMITH, V. I., Nov. ll.-(Long
typhoid fever.
According to tbe record of Industrial
accidents maintained by tbe federal
Department of Labor, there were 104
men killed and 324 injured during the
month of October. Compared with the
record for September, this Ib an Increase of 16 in the number of killed
and a decrease of 95 In tbe number of
injured. The greatest number of fatal
accidents occurred In tbe railway service, there being 28 employees killed.
The building trades come next, with a
total of 18 killed. Ot the non-fatal accidents the greatest number occurred
in the metal trades, the number recorded being 84, following second by
building trades.
let ub see what the Union of B. C.
Municipalities Is prepared to do.
This Is a body composed of mayors,
reeves and other members of city or
municipal councils,
TheyH recommended on Wednesday
to the municipal commission that salaries for mayors and reeves be as follows: For cities of 20,000 or more population, not exceeding $4000; of 10,000
to 20,000, not more than $2,000; from
5,000 to 10,000, not more than 81,000;
under 5,000 not to exceed 8500.
Lovely! Exquisite!! Superb!!!
Hard working men, get to Hades out
of here, If you can't find work. Give
mayors a good salary for looking after
the Interests of tbe city by keeping the
out-of-works on the run.
Chairman Jonathan Rogers of the
Board of Par<( Commissioners, advocated before the commission that hla
board be given power to levy taxes not
to exceed one mill on the dollar for
park purposes.
This is going rather far, but he Is
right In his contention tbat the work
of the board should not be restricted
through not knowing how much the
city council would grant them each
When, however, >t comes to having
two authorities with tbe power to levy
taxes, we are inclined to klek, and
kick good and hard, too,
One of that breed is quite enough.
But we would like to see the work
of the park board supported as gener
ously u possible, within reuon of
course, for the results of tt are beneficial to all classes, be they sugar refiners or shovellers.
"We have been compelled to take
drastic action: the engineers
pumpmen have been called out ot tbe
mines at Extension today, and they
responded to a man. This will start
something. An International Union of
Steam Engineers' organiser will arrive
here tomorrow to assist the miners in
taking them away forever from tbat
scabby outfit, known as the B. C. Association of Stationary Engineers, with
headquarters in the Flack block at
NANAIMO, Nor. 12.—Mah  Fok, a
Clem. Stubbs Return, t. F.ml.
Clem. Stubbs, president of District
II, U. M. W. of A., with headquarters
at Fernle, left Vancouver for bom. oa
Monday, after attending a meeting
of the executive board of th. B, C.
Federation of Labor, of whioh he Is a
member, and paying a brief visit to
President Stubbs Is of the opinion
that ths day Is nesting when the miners of this province will be compelled
to federate their forces tor mutual
protection, embracing both coal and
metallferous wags-workers.
The "Osborne" Case
The recent well known Osborne cue
by which lt wu sought to cripple tb.
political activities ot British Tradea
Unions by injunctions to prevent thus
from contributing to tb. support ot
Labor members la In a fair way towards a reversal.
The Lsbor Psrty Bill to restore the
previous Industrial rights of labor
unions Is now In Grand Commute, aad
tb. main point at Issue hu bun conceded by a vote of II to 18. As tb.
findings of the Commute, will undoubtedly become Isw, there ought
soon to be a wholesale "burning" ot
Alberts Federation of Labor
The flrst annual convention of the
Alberta Federation of Labor, since Its
organisation at Lethbrldge, during tb.
present year, will tak* place at Medicine Hat at some date In July next,
to be fixed by the executive board.
In addition to trade unions tb. Federation embraces affiliations of locals
of a farmers' organisation, a circumstance that will sooner or later compel
the Federation to go into polities,
there being scarcely sny other method
by which the termers can giro expression to their needs snd requirements.
John O. Jones, Lethbrldge, is presldsnt; L. T. English, Calgary, secre-
Chinese brskemsn, and B.
engineer, seriously injured In a wreck
wblch occurred on the Short Lln. between Ladysmlth ud Extension shortly after < o'clock Sunday evening. Th.
engine wu running alone at th. Urn.
of the accident, on the return trom
Extension, when, according to the
engineer, It struck sn obstruction on
the rails when travolilng at the rate
of thirty miles an hour, the engine
going a distance of fifty feet after
leavln gthe rails, then turning completely over, pinning to the ground the
Chinaman who was riding on the coupler, killing him Instantly.
Rassano, the engineer, bad five ribs
broken, and was otherwise Injured,
but not believed fatally. A man named
Ballantyne, wbo was taking the ride
down, was thrown clear of the wreck
and escaped with but a few minor
injuries.—Daily Herald.
Men Wanted
whose convictions dictate that he wear union-made, Vancouver-made,
that coat but a few cents more than the cheap kind and you will quickly
nee why It is cheaper and better to upend a little more at the atari and
BUCK BRAND Overalls stand all kinds of veer and tear—they
are made from the strongest and most durable materials, sewed ao
securely with such heavy thread the seams can't rip, nor will the
buttons come off.   These are the kind of overalls YOU should wear.
They wear twice an long as the cheap Imitation kind, tnd the less new
overalls you must buy, the more money you save. Try a pair of BUCK
BRAND and see If this Is not true.   Every pair Is faaiaaeeed to eat-
lsfy you.
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Limited
1176 HOMES ST.
iuysv *.- $?
He Royal Bank
' of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $11,500,000
Reserve 12,500.000
Total Assets 175,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or smsll
Twelve Branches in Vancouver
Head Office     -    Yaneoaver, 9,0.
Amihoriaed Capital H.000,000
■akeorlbed Capital l,16t,M0
raid Up capifiu     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln It
by the people, and It 1* always
ready arid willing to extend every
courtesy find liberality that la con-
atetent with safety and good management
Tou aooout very cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie 8ta.
Broadway    Weat    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash .Sts.
Granville St Branch, 1146 Gran.
vllle St.
Pender  St   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1885
We receive deposits of SI
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest psr annum.
446 Hastings St West
Cot. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    -  B.0.
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
€ It Stands (or sll that Union
Labor Stands for.
 ■   e
Cowan & Brookhouse
La •on Timpli   phone Siv 4400
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
135 Hastings Straet E.
The Home of High-Clau
Where Everybody Goes
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist. Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
workers.       ^ ^ ;* ^
Issued every Friday morning.
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FRIDAY...^ NOVEMBER 15, 1912
For nineteen hundred years the gospel of peace has been proclaimed
throughout the earth. To "love thy
neighbor as thyself," and to "do to
others as ye would that they should
do unto you," has been promulgated
as a divine command expressive of the
loftiest precepts that could shape the
conduct ot either men or nation. It
has ever been persistently taught, all
down through these centuries tbat the
hall mark of true manhood consists ln
the ability and willingness, "when an
enemy smites ye upon one cheek to
turn the other tb htm also." AS a re-
Bult of these and a multitude of similar teachings it would not be unreasonable to expect that mankind should,
after a nineteen century dose, be fairly
well Inoculated with the virtue of the
peaceful and decorous conduct that
such excellent precepts and teachings
would Imply. Sad to say, however,
even a cursory survey of the arena 01
modern civilisation shows that quite
the contrary is the case.
Upon every hand Is either war or
rumors of war. Every nation is either
armed to the teeth or straining every
nerve to become so. Each Is ever
ready not "to turn the other cheek"
in case of attack, but to strike back
with unchristian vigor, or, if possible.
strike flrst.
Even between the Individual units
In modern life there is little that indicates peace, no matter how earnestly
these Individuals may desire to avoid
strife. With human society divided
into classes along economic lines-
capitalists and workers—and the Individuals In either class ln continual
strife against the rest for the privilege
of surviving, there Is Uttle'to foster
peace, but much to cause turmoil nnd
Some there are who do not believe
that friendship between either individuals or nations, can be successfully
cultivated with bayonets and bombs.
They are even sb presumptuous as to
assert that the bonds of human
brotherhood are not forged with dirk
knives and gatling guns. They are
even so bold as to declare tbat a display of deadly weapons Ib anything
but an evidence of peaceful Intention.
Bombastic statesmen—God save the
mark—and modern "statesmen" are
little, it any, above the level of bombastic nuisances, In their efforts to
obtain public approval of their military and naval schemes, loudly proclaim their sole desire to be to Insure
peace by providing' such powerful de-
tensive weapons that none will dare
attack. Ab similar bombastic nuisances of all other countries are peddling the same guff to their constituents, and for similar purposes, lt
would seem that a tremendous saving
could be made by a mutual agreement
to refrain from such powder and shot
manifestations of friendship altogether. As they one and all, however,
refuse so to do, there Ib reasonable
ground for the suspicion that they are
either Interested ln powder works
themselves or are mighty close and
faithful friends to those who are so
The whole civilised world Is a large
military camp In spite of centuries of
the gospel of peace. Just what It
would he like had such gospel of
peace never been, promulgated Is Inconceivable. The best of human talent
Is continually applied to Improving and
perfecting the Implements and methods of warfare. Every achievement
In the Industrial arts is turned, If possible, to the purpose of human slaughter and rapine. A Panama canal Is
lug. primarily as a naval measure,
immediately the genius of man conquers the air this Is turned to military account ln every land under the
sun. Practically all that has ed far
been achieved along this line up to the
present has been turned to that account,
Europe Is now trembling over a volcano that threatens to vomit forth Its
fury at any moment. The Balkan-
Turkish slaughter has brought the
blood scent to the nostrils of the
larger brigand nations, and It is ss unreasonable to expect a band of fam-
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
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T. B. Cuthbertson
948 Hastings Vy.   (SO Oranvllle
St* Hsstings W.
ished natives to retrain trom gathering at a fresh meat feast as to expect
these brigands to keep tooth and claw
out of the rich jackpot opened up by
the victory of the Balkan allies.
Though the quarrel between the
Balkan allies and Turks may appear
to be something akin to a slight religious difference, there will be something more substantial than spiritual
pickings to be disposed of after the
bloodletting Is finished. The big brigands may be trusted to so supervise
the banquet as to prevent the victorious allies from contracting the gout.
"War Is hell," said General Sherman;
one of tbe boss butchers of the Civil
War period In the United States.
Verily war is hell for the working
people, for It Is they that pay the terrible toll In both property and life.
The wealth destroyed by war has already been wrung from the toll and
sweat of the workers, and lt Ib they
who must furnish the grist for the
mill of death. It Is Balkan and Turkish workers who are now slaughtering and being slaughtered. It will be
the workers of the other countries
whose blood and bones will again ter-
tillze tbe soil of Europe, as has repeatedly been the case ever since the gospel of peace was proclaimed by the
Some may object to the assertion that
the workers alone pay tbe toll of war,
upon the ground that other than
workers go Into battle and even lose
their lives upon the field- Possibly
so, but these others are absolutely
useless ln times of peace, the loss of
their worthless lives In war should
not be taken Into account unless lt
might be upon tbe credit side of the
The highest and best interests of
the human race centre around the acts
of peace and are broken asunder and
wrecked by war. And yet this state of
world-wide war or preparation for war,
Ib the best that capitalist civilisation
can offer after centuries of Christian
teachings. And the chief pity of it is
that the working people of all countries can still be used aa pawns upon
the chessboard of this murderous
game. When the workers refuse to
longer offer themselves as) food for
powder In order to gratify the blood
lust of brutal rulers, there will be no
more war with its awful travail of
agony, tears and blood. Peace on earth
will then be possible.
From the present look of things In
the world of labor, however, this consummation devoutly to be wished, Is
yet some distance in the future. This
capitalist world is, indeed, a mad
world and labor has not yet attained
Its majority. The working class has
not yet awakened to a consciousness
of Itself. The only solution of the future lies in that awakening. It Is the
only portent of sanity and peace.
soul—while he that-gives his lira to
mankind shall save unto himself all
that Is really saving."
A peculiar thing about the trial of
labor union officials tor "murder and
other offences Is that as soon as the
verdict of "not guilty" Is rendered by
the pury, the probing ends. What
about the m n "higher up?"
Unton officials caa only do what
their members give them the power to
do? Without the backing of the membership it matters not how far the
officers are prepared to go ln seeking
changed economic conditions.
Union officers' troubles begin with
the acceptance of the first check from
the treasury.
When a corporation retains a lawyer
to do something for it, no effort Is
spared to back htm to the limit, financially and every other way possible?
When a union hires an officer tn go
after something it wants, a part of
the membership usually gets busy
knocking; expect the union officer to
get results on about one-tenth ot a
lawyer's fee, and bellyache about the
soft snap of the business agent, whose
place they couldn't fill If paid a million a month.
It's about time the delegates to
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
cut out the burlesque stunts pulled off
at the two October meetings, and get
down to business worth while. Men
who seek delegateships merely for the
purpose of belittling the efforts of
trade unionists and expounding the
philosophy ot misery should be kept
In their place by the chairman, a
move which would receive the hearty
support of the majority of the delegates?
A central labor body delegate who
refuses to accept committee work has
no license to criticise the reports of
any who are willing to assume the
duties of doing the spade work?
It will require more than "lots of
fun" at union meetings to solve the
problems confronting labor?
How many shares In the Labor
Temple you own?
Resolvers are mental revolvers.
When we change our opinions we
change our friends.—George Moore.
We meet In society many attractive
women whom we would fear to make
our wives.—D'Arlevllle,
"Somebody's boy Is In jail this minute because you and the rest of us
"tnnd by proporly Instead of human.
Less asking and more action will ac-
rr-iur-HFh better results for organized
Anyone who has attended sessions
of the B. C. legislature need not marvel at the fact that lt was possible for
a late presidential aspirant to speak
With one shot. In him.
No union man should be permitted
to attend a union meeting who falls
to carry a union label In every garment worn. If enforcement were compulsory some "card" members would
have to go naked.
"Life would be a perpetual flea hunt
If a man were obliged to run down all
the Innuendoes, Inveracities, Insinuations and misrepresentations which
are uttered against him."—Henry Ward
"A thousand things rise to vex and
discourage the man who Is, faithfully
endeavoring to arouse men to vigor-
ous effort to better their own condition, but he keeps going on; he's built
that way."
"He that would save his'life by serving self loses the essence of life—Its
real greatness and true nobility of
If the workers would only give up
squandering their earnings on monkey
dinners, dog banquets, chorus girls,
joy riding, champagne, and the like,
and. save their money like the members of "smart set," society would at
once become normal.
Every Important event In man's life
started with union. Death alone requires no union of individuals. If
there is to be life at all there must be
union. For precisely the same underlying reason there must be nnlon wage-
workers If they are to survive.
" • • • • If I couldn't do better at
running things than you great know-it-
alls ot men, I'd ask the first fool woman who went past to lay down her
rolling pin and her dish rag and put
me in the closet somewhere to learn
to be good—and see what she could
make of tt—Honest, I would I"
If the expressed opinion of members
of the B, C. Federation of Labor executive board prevails there Is some
likelihood of the custom of permitting
old-party politicians to pat unionists
the back at convention times
being eliminated. The "patting" unionists receive between conventions is
probably responsible for the change of
The basis for working class politics
should be beerun In the public school.
A proper understanding of economics
and the complex Industrial system of
tcday would prove of Inestimable value to young students after they fore
the problem of getting a living. Organised labor should everywhere make
an honest endeavor to elect school
trustees from their own school of
Hangs the hammock, now deserted,
where so recklessly we flirted through
the balmy summer weather—wafted
heavenward together. Long, long days
of dreamy languor—halcyon days of.
light and splendor!—gone the rose
with light and shadow, gone the sunshine from the meadow, one the lovely, balmy weather—all have gone
away together with those days that
we remember—left us nothing but
November.—Machinists' Journal.
Did you ever hear of non-union men
banding themselves together to get
shorter hours or better wages? Or
to systematically care for their sick
or aged? Or to make concerted efforts to get better legislation for the
common good? Or to publish newspapers or magazines for the good of
their kind? Did you ever know a nonunion man who was proud of being
such?  Why not?
Even socialists are human. J. A.
Wayland, a man of 60 years of ago,
after many years or service ln the labor movement, took the short route to
end his career during the past week.
About a year ago his wife was Instantly killed In an auto accident, and
since then the Appeal to Reason veteran has suffered greatly. He was attempting to carry on the vigorous
work of a younger man, and the strain
was evidently too much for a man of
his years.
Organized labor's greatest handicap
comes from Its own members. Loyal
to a degree In times of strikes and
lockouts, disloyal during times of
peace. Particular about how they
spend their earnings during times of
trouble, Indifferent at other times;
during the times of peace building
up the defence fund of the enemy by
purchasing the enemy's products.
Change this for Just one year and our
membership will double, our earnings
he Increased by many per cent,, and
many more men be employed. This
without the additional cost of one
penny.—Fort Worth Union Banner.
Individualism, as the other isms, is
a restriction. No branded and self-
proclaimed individualist can be individual. He would be hampered by
the necessity of living up to his brand.
Many Individualists conceive that the
proper way to demonstrate their utter
lawlessness Is to act In a manner an-
tl-soclal. To them there Is a fundamental contradiction between the Individual and the social Instinct. So
they found a sect, evolve rules and
regulations, IAWS to regulate the conduct of all who would become respectable In the eyes of their fellow-
Individualists, and become a bore to
the rest of the world—Including those
who are so buBy being Individual that
they have no time to brand themselves as individualists. Besides, they
probably do not care to be .branded at
all.—Hartwell S. Shlppey.
The business agent Ib to the unions
and central labor bodies what
attorneys e ar to corporations.
They are paid to do for their
respective organizations what the
units of the organization have not
the time or training to do for themselves. The attorney, at present, has
all the best of the argument because
his clients recognise tbe value of activity on election day. So much Is this
the case that members of the lawyers'
union.do practically all the law-writ-
lftg, and ex-members of the lawyers'
union are retained as judges to Interpret the law, while all the powcis
of government are used to see that the
lawyers' "law" is enforced. The unionists who hire business agents to look
after their Interests have not yet
learned the necessity of emulating the
example of employers to get results,
When they do, by virtue of their numerical strength, the problems of the
business agent will have been solved.
C«tdsBiiOTtedfor$1.00 a Month
Meets In annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1912-13: President, J, W. WllktnRon; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubba, a D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Slvertc,
J. J. Taylor; seotreas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1014, Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursdays,
Executive board; J. Havana*!., preaident;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, aeeretary; Jas. Campbell,
treasurer; A. Beasley, statistician; J. H.
McVety, aergt.-at-aims; F. A. Hoover,
w. J. Pipes, trustee.
—Meets second Monday In month.
President, E. Jarman; vice-president,
Qeorge Mowat; secretary, A. H. England,
P. O. Box 6«.
Directors:    Fred A. Hoover, J.  H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Loth tan,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan Murdock McKensle.    Managing director
Vety, Room 211.   Sey. WO,
penters and Joiners—Room 208.
Sey. 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to * a~m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm, Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room 101.
tlon am' Local No. 46—
Meets aecond and fourth
Saturdays, 7:S0 p.m. President, J. Klnnalrtl; **or-
recponding   secretary,   W,
^^rkrjfS •   Rogers, Room 220, Lahor
Temple:  financial  aeeretary,  P.   Robln-
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m. President, Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Charles Brown; secretary-bus!nets
agent. C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
Sey. 1778.
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
each month/7:30 p. m., Room 308. President, Walter Laurie: secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey. 463 (Yale Hotel).
and Joiners, Local No. 817—Meet"
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond; recording secretary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L.
H, Burnham, Room 304.    Sey. 1880.
and Joiner*. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21flt and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W.
rtckle«on; recording secretary, Tho".
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conaher;
warden, E. Hall.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President. James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dajmall, Box
53; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business nirent, W. s. Dagnall, Room
215.    Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
of America, Vancouver Lodse No. 194—
Meet1' flrst and third Mondavs, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 3B3 Cordova East;
«ecretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Street.
Meets first Tuesday each month, 8
P.m. President, Rohert J,'Craig; secretary, J. C. Peuser. Kurtz Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T, Oberg,
Box 432, or 1003 Burrard street.
213.—Meets Room 301. every Monday
8 p. m. President. W. P. Carr; vlce-pres-
Ident, Fred Fuller: recording aeeretary,
A, A. McDonald, 5 Lome street east; financial secretary, Harvey tiauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A,
Tones. Room 207. Labor Temple.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 205 8 p.m. President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent. F, L, Est-
Inghauaen, Room 202.    Sey. 2348.
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president. Wm. Thompson; financial sec-
'•ptary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 425 Dufferin street Telephone.
Fnlrmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 52—Meets
overv Friday evening, 133 Water street.
President. G. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
M\on. 133 Water street.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:45 p.m.
President, Robt Thompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
T. H. McVety.   Sey. 6360.
Unton, Local No. 145, A. F. of M —
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans,
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry ; financial secretary, F. J, Harris,
16(8 Robson St,; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
No. 280—-Meets every Thursday, 7:30
p.m., Room 302. President, H, Spear;
recording, secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed,
Branch—Meets aecond and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, FWd Rumble; correspond!n~ secretary. James Ray-
burn Mhinandalw^etary^vVnr Jaj^lne.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and flrst
snd third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Schofield; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, Cltv Heights
P.O.: financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
Tailors, Vancouver branch no.
178—Meetings held first Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Nord-
'and; secretary. W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
603; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
cal No. 62—Meets drat and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville: secretary. P. O, Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
Youth is the springtime of life. It
Ib the time to' acquire Information, bo
that we may show It off in after years
Mid. paralyze people with what we
know. The wise youth will "lay low"
till he geta a whole lot of knowledge,
and then ln later days turn lt loose ln
an abrupt manner. He will guard
against telling what he knows, a little
at a time. That is unwise. I once
knew a youth who wore himself out
telling people all he knew from day
to day, so that when he became a
bald-headed man he was utterly ex-
I'aupted and didn't have anything left
to tell anyone. Some of the things
that we know should be saved for our
own use. The man who sheds all hla
knowledge and doesn't leave enough
to keep house with, fools himself.—
Bill Nye.
Was your chair vacant at the last
meeting of your union?
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-
president G. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.       t
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
financial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D, Grant, P. O. boj
934.   The public Is Invited to attend,
cal 495—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; secre-
tary. A, McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C.	
penters, Local Union No. 1639—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. Pre«ldent, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.	
mwamB' vmovR.
No. 2388, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. Presl
dent. Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKentle, Ladysmlth, B. C.
—Meets   every   Sunday  in  District
Office,   Vendome   Hotel,   at   7:80   p.m,
A rthur    Jordan,    recording    secretary,
Nanalmo, B^_C.            _^
rWs1Xnd-miners' union, no. 8
Western Federation of Miners'
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall, Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; secretary. Herbert Varcol, Box 421, Rossland, B, C.
TICTOMA, 1, c.
Council—Meets every flrst and third
Wednesday, Labor Hall. 731 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slverti, Box 802,
Victoria, B. C.
Suit Special at $15
We hold and can maintain by proof of service as well as style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can givo, .   £
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we have marked to aell at f 16.00. You will be surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns In tweeds, other tweeds as well In grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them,
rom tio.oo.
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
ln any way.
The materials are tweeds in smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs in brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat Is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars,
David Spencer
Good quality in clothing as in
everything else is never cheap.
•K dollar saved below a reasonable price, in more than likely,
poor economy in the long run.
Campbell's Clothing
is not the lowest priced, but it
has the absolutely honest value
of materials and workmanship
which makes the buying of it a
real economy.
23 Hastings Street East
The  Campbell Clothing Man
Stoves MP Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' TooIb
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Tested ond improved during many years in the world'e greatest
skating ground, Canada
Star Skates, all that a skate van be 75c to $0.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75c to $6.00
For Young Men, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
J.  A.   FLETT,   LIMITED Phon. 8oymourW
Hardware and Tools
<1 A Splendid stock of the best in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
7 Hsstings Street West
Phons Seymour 634
Magazines and' Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
Are You Satisfied ?
Printing that Pays ^™"g,ley
 = i—       PHONE SEYMOUR 824
«J If you have any doubt about the
quality of your printing, call or phone
us.   We can help you.
Lsbor Ismple, Enlr.nct on Hornet St.
 . , , _
We Print the B. C. Federationist
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorsdo
Sgjk Of America  r£2*r
Don't be a Washboard
There is no exotise for
a housewife toiling over
the old fashioned wash-
tub and hoard.
Zhe "THOR" Electric
Washer has revolutionized
home laundn work.
This appliance is operated by connection with an
ordinary household socket
and does the washing and
wringing of your family
Visit bur salesrooms at
Carrall and Hastings Sts. or
1138 Granville St. and have
the washer demonstrated.
The organised labor movement wtll
do for ..wage-workers what the sAU-
attd membership gives it the power
Ho.' its. __ roar jjjjjg _
FIFTH YEAB.  No. 84.
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
City Ticket Agent
O.P.A.     .
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
C. M. I. U.  Local Number 357, Vancouver
Blue Label Masquerade
Ball This Evening
Dominion Hall. Pender St.
Harpur's Orchestra Gents' Tickets $1.00
The B.C. Federationist
" sub.
fias a bona fide paid-up circulation of 7200.   We are determined to s
t up to the 10,000 mark by Feb. 1, 1813.   To stimulate the efforts of	
rustlers, we will give—free—a complete set of the "Ubncy of Original
sUaitoa" to the reader who sends The Federatlonist In the gssaissa aaas-
fesc at *— "-, —'• •  •—
! sabs, between now aad l*eb. 1, Mil.
Library of Original Sources
Should bt
Rtad by
Every Unionist
Telling of a popular uprising In mediaeval England,
and how the people got their rights.   A rare document   of   greatest   Interest   ana' Importance   to
John sttftrfo! "Moat helpful.
Ought to be In ever library."
Walter Lohmti, Wash.: "A
boon to workingmen who have
not time nor money to get a
college   education.
<1. at Slmouat "Superior to
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umei will be my most valuable
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The Library of Original Sources
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Olve —for the flret time—the real fact-* behind the ordinary surface
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Office: Room 210, Labor Temple.
Phone:  Seymour MM.
AH ind Soolallam. <
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: It dote
not take lone for art to reveal ltaalf.
The relation between Socialism and
art la very close. It music can be
considered a part' of art, then tht
relationship la even closer..
Since the days ot Euripides, Aristophanes and Sophocles, there hu been
a gradual broadening of dramatio art
For hundreds of yean later, hoy/ever,
the composition of plays wai unknown. With the advent of Beaumont, Fletcher and Shakespeare, a
new life was given th* drama, and lt
haa developed since Into perhaps tha
greatest of amusements. I think It
can he shown that mora people attend theatres, opera houses and music halls, and the like, than there are
people who go, aay, to football and
cricket matches.
It Is but of recent data, however,
that either dramatists or operatic, librettists have condescended to recognise the Industrial life of the people
aa a theme to build upon.
The dramas of Ibsen, G. B. Shaw
and John Galsworthy are well known
and belong to these that might be
called the social drama. Galsworthy,
even more than the other two. But
of far greater Importance, ln the dramatic line, has been the production
of "Hurdle Wakes," by Stanley
Houghton, who Is a member ot a "Socialist" club In Manchester. The fact
to realise from dramatic productions
is- that they express most emphatically the truth that art is a reflex of
the Boclal conditions. -But whllat for
the past 260 years we have had tragedy after tragedy, comedy after comedy, the productions have never extended beyond the age in which they
Were produced. - As an example,
Shakespeare's "As You Like It" waa
only possible ln a pastoral age, Just
as.Charles McE-oy's "Gentlemen of
the Road;" or Patterson's (?) "Fourth
Estate" Is possible ln an industrial
age. Galsworthy's "Strife" Is an outcome of the tactics of the labor fakir.
But though he haa done that work,
no one In the age of Jack Cade or
Wat Tyler ever wrote a drama on the
conditions of that day. .
Conditions were not ripe for lt. But
now it is different Repertory theatres are springing up ln most large
towns, mainly relying upon the lead
given by Miss Horniman at the Man-
Chester Gaiety Theatre.
Delightful though the productions
be, would.anyone have thought tbat
the Invasion of the operatic Held had
come about ln the 20th century?"
Yes, the operatic field has been Invaded and to much advantage. For
now, we can see a stuffy workroom in
Pails, where consumptive dressmakers are employed to eke out an existence.
The opera I refer to Is Gustave
Charpentler'a "Louise." Let it be.
known that the work has been In ex-
Istence for nearly 12, years. This
tardy criticism, however, Is due to the
fact that I had no opportunity, of
ing the opera until last night (Oct
17,1912), I bought tickets on hue occasion when Mary Garden bad to alng
In the opera, ln New York, but I
could not go.
My pleasure has been all the
Perhaps those of the readers who
have seen "Louise" may say. what
about the Spinning Chorus ln the Fly
Ing Dutchman? Does not that show
girls at work, too? Yes. It Is true,
but that crude effort of Richard Wagner cannot be compared to the desire
and Intention of the writer of
Louise." This much both operas
have ln common—that the words and
music of both operas were written by
the composers. A singular Instance
In these days when one writes the
"book" and the musician composes the
"opera," The story of "Louise" deals
with the home life of a small French
family, and-throughout the book there
are brilliant touches of sarcasm dealing with the present social system.
In tbe flrst scene Is an ordinary tenement, very bare of furniture. Louise,
her mother and father are discussing
the weariness ot toll. The mother
has been speaking of "loafers" and
says that there were many about-who
spent their lives in holiday making
and then exclaims thst "Every one
in the world ought to work." The
father replies that "When one has not
an income one must he satisfied to
produce for others." The mother re-
plies; "You are very resigned, Just for
once, hut riches are not a thlqg to he
despised."   Father says, "	
Those who have riches today will got
have a thing may be next week."
The aecond aot, however, Is one
wherein the author shows his- con.
tempt for operatic orthodoxy and Introduces as characters:   Rag-pickers,
Junkmen, coal hawkers, rag and bone
men, old clothes men, street sweepers, sluts, etc.  A crowd of Bohemians
arrive, among whom are some philosophers, poets, painters, song-writers,
sculptors.   The song-writer says:
"We're Indigent!
We've not a cent!
But we are most Intelligent!"
The first philosopher says that
Louise will be refused ln marriage to
Julian (an artist) because her mother
would like her to marry a middle-
class man. The second philosopher
says that tbe working men despise
the middle-class. "No," says Philosopher No. 1, "the one hope ot the
working class Is to be middle-class.
And the middle-class to be lords and
The scene changes to the workroom. A couple are engaged making
a bodice, the following the dialogue
that takes place:
Gertrude—"I do not see how I'll get
through this bodice. On the shape
it's right, but on the lady "
Irma—"Who'a lt for?"
Gertrude—"It's for the Duchess.
It's to have pads under the arms."
Cemille—"Must give her a shape."
The dialogue no doubt will be appreciated most by the ladles who read
the paper.
To those who have read the incidents recorded, It may be both uninteresting and ot no Importance. But
looking at the work from a Socialist
standpoint It la THE greatest advance made ln the history of the music and drama. For to It Is added the
"lelt motif" of the work-girls. Eaoh
Impression of the work and mind of
the girls is finely recorded In the orchestration. The revels of the third
act with the fete and the crowning
of Louise aa the "Queen of Bohemia'
la a remarkable contrast of musical
composition. In the work-room, the
orchestration Is auch as illustrates
sombreness,   meaotony   aid   Misery,
with only Just i momentary interruption of the foolish girl apprentice.
The desire of the girls to alng whilst
working the machines is but one way;
of the relief of monotony. The pas-
sagea for the strong Instruments show
the depressing nature of the toll. The
constant changing of the "motif
shows a desire to enjoy lighter and
better things, which la not heard until the fete lh Act Ird. No longer are
th* girls ill their toul den, packed
close "together as slaves; they are
now ln complete abandon, where Joy
Is untrammeled, where liberty reigns.
No longer are weird tonea played,
such as those tor the Work-room. No.
Now we have brightness, gaiety, delight and Joy. Tbe music makes on*
feel that after toll one .can get enjoyment sometimes. The relief to the
.mind, and tha Impression lt creates,
gives one muoh hope for the future.
"Louise" Is bound to "go," though
in England it has been purposely neglected for over nine years. Now It
has come Into lta own, It Will be a
means of pointing to the tragedy of
toil.      ...
The accomplishment is great, It
hat laid the foundation of industrial
life upon the closely guarded operatic
stage. It has given a blow to operatic prejudice. It has done more. It
portrays truth. Its plot Is not allegorical. It IS life. It is REAL. Yes,
it is REAL!
Industrial life has had Its Influence
upon music and now we have "Louise."
I see much In the work that Is valuable both musical and dramatic. Time
may come when "Louise" will he
shown a generation who will not know
of the vueness of wage slavery.
'.- uutee" is a production tbat proves
ue Impregnability ot the Marxian position. It tells us to persevere; do
our utmost to awaken the mlnda of our
fellow men and women. It shows to
us the difference between the dismal
and the Joyous life. Dramatically this
Is well seen, and musically It Is even
more so.
Yes, we are nearing our goal quickly, but though Art Is quick to understand our everyday toll and write a
symphonic poem on it, those whom It
photographs have hardly realised lt.
It Is up to you, worthy reader, to pass
on these views and Impressions, to
try and convince men and women that
the future Is ours, and that lt Is but
their Ignorance and stupidity that
keeps us so much longer in our hateful bondage. Make them understand
It Drill It into tbem, and no doubt
the day of economic salvation will
have come nearer.
commodity that transports Itself to
the place where It Is required, sometimes over a thousand miles, and pays
all costs of Buch transportation out of
its cost of subsistence.
Follow .the railroad worker. You
flnd hi leaves a central town ana
pays fire ot rides the rods almost halt
way across a continent till he lands a
Job.' He goes to work mucking In the
ditch at so much per day, he sleeps
In stinking, filthy, verminous, consumption-breeding bunkhouses, lying
on lousy hay, buys a little tobacco,
shirt and overalls, stays until conditions become unbearable or he gets
fired, picks up hla time; finds after
working two months after deductions,
commissary fees, fare, etc., he'has
$15 or 120 credited to him, or a time
check payable at a bank fifty miles
away. He either has to go to the
town to cash It or change it with some
s. ark and lose IS or 20 per cent.
He keeps up a game like this for
the summer, and finds In the fall, after working front break'up till freese
was In when he started,
up, with a week's Interval between
Jobs, he Is in the Identical-position he
Another trip on a side-door Pullman
or via the rods over the same country
that he travelled In the spring, stays
In the city, for a week until he Is -dead
Woke, then hikes tor the tall timbers,
where we flnd him with a whole camp
full of hla like, talking time checka,
Johnson bars, and the prairie, all dolefully asking each, other the mournful
question, "What did I do with my
summer's stake?" Poor suckers!. The
contractors saw to It that the problem
of disposing of a summer's stake
should not be theirs. So they stay in
the bush, where the conditions of the
railroad camp are duplicated and the
majority usually find themselves fired
before the season is over and paid off
"low," which means that they have
Just enough to go to town, have one
good drunk, and blow around until
"there is something doing again," and
so year In, year out, the game goes on.
Does he receive more than the cost
of subsistence?
Verily, are you strong ln the back
and weak ln the head. Wake up!
Quit abusing the capitalistic vampire;
refuse to feed him. SEG.
Winnipeg, Nov. 2.
A Continual Round of Pleasure.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: On the
national day of thanksgiving, the day
the honest tollers gather In churches
and other places, mostly other places,
to give thanks for sll the blessings
they have experienced through the
year; that country which Ib advertised
In the old world as the glorious golden
west, tbe land of promise, ever promising but never paying, was enveloped
In a beautiful white mantle of snow,
covering the virgin plain and recently
ravished soil to a depth of two feet.
Immediately a curious thing happened; the ersewhlle carefree worker
discovered he was no-longer required
at the place where until yesterday he
went to perform his daily labor ln order to receive his weekly or bi-weekly
wage, ln other words, he was laid' off,
and when he went to get another Job,
or rather find another market whereat
he could sell his commodity, he found
exactly the same conditions prevailing
there, and every other place the same.
He then realised he was right up
against the beautiful Invigorating Canadian winter with a.climate so dry
and crisp that although the temperature may be down to 45 degrees below, and a wind blowing at tbe rate ot
26 knots, you don't feel It; you might
be froze stiff as a log and be a pleface
ln 20 minutes, but watters, you don't
feel it.
Oh, yes, that wage slave with' his
Bteady three months' Job hod completely forgotten any such thing as
winter. Here Se was hurled right Into
winter without a moment's warning;
he had forgotten the cool season In
the fact that he had a Job.
He had arrived at that period of the
year when he sees the evolution of
the bricklayer Into tbe snow shoveller,
when the aristocracy of labor com-
petes with the cannallle of labor, the
mechanic with the mucker.
It would seem that nature had come
to give additional force to the argument that the socialist has been endeavoring to make plain to the worker
for long, long years, that that which
the worker receives In return for his
labor is the cost of subsistence and
nothing more. Oh, yes, you say, the
carpenter bas been getting his 14.50
a day and he can live for 22 a day and
the bricklayer has been getting between 26 snd 27 a day so that they can
save from 22 to $3 a day.
True, oh king, but the carpenter and
the bricklayer can from now until
spring store up energy so that he will
be an efficient slave next year, so
that we may take an axe and chop
his yearly nay almost in half, when
we will flnd that when spread over the
entire year his pay Is Just about equal
to the man with the steady Job and
at that time of the year when the
worker requires most he gets least; he
has winter clothes to buy for himself,
wife and children, coal, wood, more
food, more light.
The truth of this contention Is proven'by the fact that many mechanics
refuse to work at these tradeB, preferring a steady Job where the hourly
wages are 60 per cent, less than the
union wages of their trade.
Labor power being a commodity is
subject to the same laws as any other
commodity, to be brief, that is to say,
by the amount of labor necessary for
•es reproduction.
Let that careful, thrifty man who
does not smoke, drink or visit theatreB,
who has none ot tbe vices that is supposed to be Inherent in the wage worker, and who maintains a family, or
who, In other words, reproduces his
species, carefully overhaul his finances
and examine his bank book and see
how far he Ib ahead of the game; he
will flnd that he has Just about enough
to keep htm and his wife—the slave
of the slave—to a meagre existence to
their end and perhaps enough to bury
them, which analysed means that the
wages through his life has been his
cost of subsistence.
Then again, take the laborer, in Canada a great part of the working class
population Is composed of construction
laborers and lumberjacks and miners.
We lid that this elass of labor la a
Home Rule for Ireland,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: How
often bare we read this head line In
the capitalist press!
So often that tbe ordinary person
passes It up with a smile.
But those of us that understand,
know It Is only another move on the
part of the capitalist class to keep the
workers divided.
Few of us know that Socialism is
growing rapidly in Ireland, bo rapidly,
In fact that the capitalist and their
mouthpieces, the clergy, are becoming
alarmed. They fear that the socialists
are going to break up the Irishman's
home (God help us).
So they ate looking after the material ns well as Ihe spiritual welfare
of their Hocks by Instructing them
from the pulpits to Bteer clear of socialist speakers and above all not to
read their literature, ln the meantime
the Protestant church Is 'selling flags,
British of course, with an oath, that
each buyer protect lt with his life.
And while the game goes merrily on
across tbe water, the true Irishmen
over here are Bending their support
financially, both the Orangemen and
the A. O. O. H. to their downtrodden
fellow countrymen (a la P. T. O'Connor).
While Carson wraps the flag of the
B yne around him and calls on tbe
Orangemen of every country to gather
round him and defend lt, while Redmond and his followers are doing their
bit to keep the masses of the people
Ignorant to the cause of their misery, the Socialists are spreading
tueir propaganda' of freedom to the
slaves of Ireland, and they are seeing
the light. -
Dublin has elected socialists In municipal affairs and so the good work
goes on. AN IRISHMAN.
Hardy Bay, B. C.
"The meanest men in the world are
those wbo have allowed themselves to
forget their mothers. To drift away
from them and forget all about them.
The best and bravest men ln the world
are those who have never been so
proud as when doing something for
their mothers nnd ln making them
realize their great love and worthy respect.
Never be ashamed of mother. "Old,
bent, and ora.v, shabby perhaps, and
far different in personal appearance
than when you first know her, -yet she
is your mother. She is the party responsible for your being In the world,
and she is the one upon whom you
should lavish all the nffer.tion of your
heart am) nil the love of your soul. She
will pass through life but once, as will
you, and ln that passing there will be
only one thing she will ever do to
grieve you. Thnt Ib when she will
have to die nnd lenve you. The hero
loves his mother; the coward loves.nobody but himself. It Is a beautiful sentiment this love of mo* her, which elevates the soul of man and creates
within his bosom a feeling of mnnhood
which without It he would never know.
Even the beast loves Its mother.
therefore, why not you? Think of
mother. Keep your heart aglow with
a love of her. You may >)o thousands
of miles away from her, hut you enn
love her Just the same, nnd you could
write her a fond letter every day If you
wanted to. Never ho too busy to do
this. Don't let anything Interfere with
It. It will only tnl,-i> n fow minutes to
scribble a word nf laving nttentlan. A
single line Is enough for fond remembrance." -
The place on the editorial staff of the
"Metropolitan Magazine" mado vacant
by the death of William Mallly has
been taken by Algernon I.ee, formerly
editor of the New York "Call," and
otherwise well known ln the Socialist
and Labor movement The "Tidings
of the Times" department will be re-
I sumed under his editorship in the December Metropolitan Magazine. William J. Ghent author of "Mass and
Class" and "Our Benevolent Feudalism," will also be associated with the
"Metropolitan" as Washington correspondent, and will from month to
month record and Interpret Important
developments it the National capital.
I can deliver a few
Lots in Block 5,
Dist Lot 122 for
TERMS: $25.00 Cash, and
Monthly Payments of $15.00
Interest at 7 Per Cent.
These Lota Are:—
^ Only a few yards from the present
City Limits.
CJ One mile from the waterfront.
Q One mile and a half from the E. &
N. (Canadian Pacific) Railway Stations very near most probable site of
Canadian Northern Railway Station.
li Situated in the center of what will
be the West End Section of the city,
overlooking the harbour.
<J You cannot help making money on
this investment.
<J Port Alberni is destined to be one
of the large cities on the Pacific Coast
of Canada.
tf, 111*
Coal Miners
Locked Out
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Tuesday. Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir
St, Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Csnada. meets second and fourth
T..?sdays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 428 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box S47, Calgary. .-	
SASKATCHEWAN . PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, S. P. of C, Invites all comrades residing in Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organisation matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West. Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—This card Is inserted for the purpose of getting
"TOU" interested In the Socialist
movement SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Purby
St.. Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourtli Sun-
jay" In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, r*ax
4S1, glace; Bay, N. S.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, No. 69, S. P. of C.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir street Business meeting on flrst
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretary,
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
holds educational meetings ln the
5,Llera„l,n.lon Ha" «very Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
ln each month, 7:80 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:80.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 880.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, No. 26, S. P. of C,
meets In Miners' Kail every Sunday al
Ai,?P. R,"1- a Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125.
Finnish branch meets ln Flnlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m. A. Sebble,
li   Secretary, Box 64. Rossland, B.C.
When agreement is
reached^ with the
coal company it will
be officially
announced in these
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, No. 16, S. P.
of C, holds propaganda meeting.-,
every Sunday afternoon at 2:80 p.m. In
Crahan'a Hall. A hearty Invitation 1-
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs.'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:89 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organisers take notice. T. W. Brown,
The matter {or this page is furnished by Secretary of the Dominion Executlyi   of th« Socialist Party of Canada
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. A us-
tin. Secretary.
S. P. of C. BuHinesd meetings ut Socialist headquarters fourth Thur*dayr
of each month. B, F. Gayman, Secre
tary. 'i
LOCAL SANDON, B. C, No. 86, S. P.
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 »
ln the Sandon   Miners'   Union
Sommunlcatlona     to     ba
rawer K, Sandon, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA, No. 2, S. P. of C—
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meet-
lng Sunday, 8 p. m. Empress Theatre.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. Hi Public Library Room. Join
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Alien
Buslness'meetlng every Sunday, IU:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Pro-
Bagenda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
.eadquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
pout office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
8. P. of C.—Business meeting ever)
first Sunday of the month and propa
ganda..mejBtlng every third Sunday
Room open to everybody at 512 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary
P. Anderson, Barnet, B. C.
Finnish, Meets Bverv second ant
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 218
Hastings St. East. Ovla Lind, Secretary.
Business meeting every Tuesday even-
Ing at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St
East. H. Rahlm, Secretary.
Stay Away!
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
Leaves Squamish wharf-daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD,' Prop.
Local Gibsons Landing, No. 40, S. P. of C.
meet first and third Sunday of ths
month in Socialist Hall. Secretary, J.
N. Hlntsa, Gibsons Heights, B. C.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Prqpa
ganda meetings at.8 p.m. on ths flrst
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings, on Thursday evening*
following propaganda meetings at 8
Organiser, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.
Secretary, Ja<. Olendenning, Bex IS
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recslv,
Information any day. at Miners' Hal
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box S3, Cole
man, AH
P. of C. Headquarters ill First Hi
Business and propaganda meeting'
every Wednesday at 7:80 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the pub
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally
Secretary, J. A. 8. Smith, 822 First St..
Organiser, w. Stephenson.
The result of the elections ln the
United States on Nov. 6, was a sweeping victory for the Democratic Party,
which for the third time since 1860
finds itself In control of the legislative
and executive machinery of the Republic.
The great bulk of the vote-in the
States is cast by workingmen, either
farmers or wage-earners.. Whichever
way the vote goes decides the Issue at
stake. It Is upon this vote that all
political movements or parties depend for success. Without this no Interest seeking control of the machinery of government can hope for success.
The Democratic Party stands for
exactly the same thing as the Republican Party, ln so far as the ownership
of property and the control of industry
is concerned. They are both political
creatures of the present or capitalist
system of property and control o( industry. Though they may differ as to
matters of detail they are as one when
It comes down to fundamentals. They
are a unit when it comes to the matter of dealing with the working class
and Its demands, when such demands
ln any way threaten the rights of cap
ital In the control of Industry.
The capitalist system of production
is based upon the exploitation of the
wealth producers. Capitalist ownership of the means of production is
the key to the process. With control
of the means of production the capitalists are also in control of the whole
Industrial process and the product
thereof. This reduces the workers to
the level of owners of a single commodity, their labor-power, which they
are forced to sell to the capitalists ln
order to obtain the price ot the food,
clothing, shelter, etc., necessary to
their existence. This, in turn, leaves
In the hands of the capitalists whatever wealth the workers may be able
to produce, ln excess of the amount
represented by what they have received for their commodity—labor-
True lt Is that the farmer does not
sell his labor power outright for
wages as does the. industrial worker,
but he has to first coin lt into wheat,
corn, cotton and other things and
then surrender these Into the capital-
1st market., In the last analysis he
lands just about where the wage-worker lands. In return for his labor he
gets little, tf anything, more than an
average living. N
The status of neither' farmer nor
wage-earner is altered an lota by the
change from Republican to Democratic administration, or vice versa. None
of the rules of ownership have been
altered. The same exploitation must
inevitably continue. No appreciable
betterment ln the condition of the
workers can reasonably be expected.
The economic pressure upon the entire working class must continue to
Increase as it has done in the past.
The cause remaining untouched and
undisturbed the same results must
continue to follow.
That a great mass of voters rush
flrst in one direction and then in an-
other, looking for relief, is not sup
prising so long ns they lack a thorough understanding of the cause of
their economic ills. This lack of knowledge is undoubtedly the reason for
the apparent eccentricity manifested
not only In the United States but
other countries as well. -As an understanding ot capitalist production Is
acquired by the working class its erratic conduct politically ceases, and
When in doubt go to a Socialist propaganda meeting.
WorkerB of Canada, line up, get out,
do something that will bring results;
the wage slaves wont come to you, you
have got to go to them.
J. W. Wilkinson will speak in the
City theatre, New Westminster, on
Sunday, 8 p.m., November 17. Take a
friend with you and be on time.
The English socialists are lining up
for a great campaign for next year.
The German comrades are doing the
same.   Where do we come in?
The third edition of the manifesto
of the Socialist Party of Canada Is now
for sale. It is recognized the world
over as the finest piece of literature
the S. E. pf Ct for its sshrdlu crafwyp
the_S. P. of C, Labor Temple, Van
couver, for a copy, ten cents.
What Is Socialism? Is one of the
latest pamphlets published by tbe S.
P. of C. Send In for a copy and when
you are through with lt pass it on to a
Woman suffrage was voted on ta five
states in the recent Presidential elections and four of the states voted in
favor of it. Women can now vote ln
the. following states: Michigan, Arizona, Oregon, Kansas, Utah, California, Colorado, Washington, Idaho and
"Twenty-four hundred steel workers
In Pennsylvania are on strike for more
pay. Detectives and thugs have heen
rushed to the scene and the usual
horseplay is expected.
The city ot Lisbon has been placed
under martial law owing to the conflict between Liberals and Clericals,
The working, class as usual are doing
the fighting and twenty-five have been
Local secretaries or comrades are
requested to send In a little news of,
the doings ln their burg. Comrades^
sending contributions for publication
are requested to Bend in as short articles as they can or they may flnd
their way to the. W. P. B.
Flaring headlines announce that
Europe Is to be plunged into a Rreat
war. Wbo will do the lighting but
workingmen who do not own one foot
of the country for which they will
light? When the workingmen realise
that they have nothing to lose but
their chains they wtll quit fighting
eaoh other and line up against the
common enemy—the capitalist system'.
The Socialist Party of America polled almost a million votes ln the presidential election. This vote is the result of persistent work on the part ot
the members in the distribution of
leaflets and pamphlets. When the
members of the S. P. of C. make up
their mind to get out and do something in the shape ot, distribution of
leaflets we may be able to ahow better
results than we have In the paBt,
Capitalism—The least possible number of men tor the longest possible
day at the lowest possible wages for
the utmost possible toll in the cheapest possible surroundings for the
greatest possible profits.
Socialism—The   employment of  all
guided by tbat knowledge and un-lmen for the shortest possible day In
derstanding, their political course Is the best possible surroundings for the
steered towards a definite harbor and greatest possible good of the human
of C.—Business meeting every Satur
day evening at 8 o'clock at the head
Suartera, 134 Ninth Ave. West
. K. Read, Secretary.
•very Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business  meeting,   second   Friday.   8
Bm. Trades Hall.    W. B. Bird, Gen.
el., Secretary.
S. P. of C.. Meets first and third Sundays In the month, at 4 p.m., I*
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1888
OF C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln the Trades Hall.
Economic class every Sunday, 3 p.m.
Secretary, j. Harrison. 102 Hocheloga
Bt.   A, Stewart, Organiser.
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Tempts. Business meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 p.m., In Labor Temple,
James St. Business meeting directly
after propaganda meeting. Secretaiy,
J. O'Brien, Room 12, 580 Main St.
LOCAL OTTAWA, No. 8, S. P. of C.
Business meetings first Sunday In
month In the Labor Hall, 218 Bank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, Sam Hor-
with, "The White Book Store," 144
Rldeau Street, Ottawa.
In all countries. Ask for ear INVENTOR?
ADVISER, which will be sent free.
3tt iMmitrACtg Stbthrms Montreal
LOCAL GLACE BAY, No. 1, OF MARITIME.—Headquarters in- Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary,
Box 168; Harold G. Ross, organiser,
Box 606.
Trade Maims
Comriohvi Ac.
"«£» sis tp^.i.'T.S^siav.
ip<vc' notto*, without cbumt. In tfie
SMific Hntriim
■UmtislM WStBr.   "
f»<Umtiilo Journal.    -.
jest, SCissSS snail*.
'hum. *«w!KE
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the 8. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town HaU. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary. Box an. 	
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of c, is organized
for the purpose of educating tht
Ukrslnean workers to the revolution-
ary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (Nev
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., K.I
monton. Alts.    English  comrades  de
■ siring Information re the Federation
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Seoretary.
The extent of this awakening to an
understanding of capitalist production
and Its baneful effect upon the working class Is at any given time measured by. the Socialist vote. The result of
the election referred to shows, as near
aa may be judged, from present Information, a Socialist vote ot about
This means practically doubling the vote at the previous election.
If this has been accomplished lt indicates a healthy >nd satisfactory
educational advance along the Una of
working class interests. In -that-lies
the only cheering sign upon the political and economic horizon.
The workers of all lands have long
been kept wandering in the political
and economic wilderness by listening
to the teachings of those who have
been allotted the task ot defending the
Interests ot that class ln human society that has always lived and thrived
by Bucking the blood of labor. They
have been persistently taught an
economic and political doctrine, that
concerned the interests ot Industrial
tyrants and commercial brigands and
dealt out death and destruction to
working class interests and tended to
smother every worthy ambition that
ever found lodgment In human breast.
Perchance many a useful lesson
may be gleaned from the recent election and Its results, but we shall be
forced to patiently await the complete
returns as they come through by slow
freight. Though the political success
or failure of the beety Taft, the garrulous Roosevelt and the bonehead
Wilson will be peddled to the uttermost parts of the earth, even down to
the minutest detail, capitalist news
channels are not available for any.
thing vitally Important to the welfare
and uplift of the working class. -
That an ever Increasing number of
workers are becoming sufficiently
Wise to cease making an election day
display of asininity Is encouraging.
May It continue until labor has broken
the age-long shackles of slavery and
come-Into possession of Its own, the
earth and all that Is on top of lt and
underneath it. Until that has been
accomplished every political victory
will be a victory for the ruling class
and Its fruits, as In the present case,
will turn to ashes upon the lips ot labor.
Due Stamps, each.,	
Platforms, English, per 100..
Platforms, Foreign, per 100.
Due Cards, per 100... 	
Constitutions, each '.,'•'■
Receipt Books, each...
... 6c
Warrant Books, each. /. 16c
Comrade Hoses Barltz requests us
to inform our readers that his present
address is Ellesmere Club, Manchester, England.
Back to the Land.
After twenty years of persistent
work a machine has been inventerkfor
the milking of cows. A Canadian government report states that the machine Ib efficient In every detail and
with the aid of four men 100 eows can
be milked ln the same time per cow as
it takes by hand. Hardly May passes
but what we hear of a machine being
Invented to do the work that it seemed
impossible for machines to do. Only a
short time ago a machine was Invented
to do the -work of cotton pickers, and,
lt has almost succeeded ln wiping the
human cotton ploker out ot existence,
Can you get rid ot some leaflets ln
your town? We can supply you with
one hundred tor twenty cents.
Wage worker—A human animal that
helps produce the world's wealth and
turns It over to the master class .who
ln return gives to the worker enough
food, clothing and shelter to enable
htm to go to work next day.
Capitalist—An owner of property in
the means of wealth production. He
Is kept lh Idleness by the working class
because they think it necessary to pay
Bomeone to enable them to get a Job.
Wage slave—A two-legged mule that
yells for king and country, that defends the present system, that doesn't
own one foot of any: country, that
works at breakneck speed, that Is
looked upon with disgust by his mas.
ters, that is easily led, bribed and
skinned. ->
Evolution—A state of change that is
always taking place ln human, vegetable, animal and organlo life. The
present (capitalist) system Ib going
through a state of evolution and will
force us to adopt andther system. It
may be socialism; it all depends on
the working class.
Trade unionist—A wage-worker that
combines with other workers to try
and control the price of his labor
power and the conditions under which
he shall work, owing to Ihe state of
the labor market and the fact that
labor power is a commodity, he, nearly
always takes what he oan get.
Organising Fund.
Local Revelstoke, No. T.	
Local Content No. 40	
Local Toronto No. 1
Per J. Rowans...
...     ,60
... 1.66
Per W. Oreen  1.00
Per E. Yates  2.00
Per J. L'awson 25
Per L. WllBhaw  1.00
Local Crawford Bay No.,70—
Per W. Baylies .  ::..:  2.50
Local St. Catherines No. 30  1,00
Forces That Make for Socialism.
The Inter-colleglate Socialist Society is one'of the forces making* for
Socialism ln the United States and
This society has locals, or chapters,
as they are called, In fifty-three colleges In .the States and Canada.
The soolety was formed In 1910 and
has carried on a tremendous amount
of propaganda work since that time,
lectures, debates and economic classes
are carried on every week ln the colleges.
Fifty thousand pamphlets have been
distributed amongst the students,
magazine articles on socialism have
been supplied by, the members to at
least twenty magazines and several
books written on socialism.
A Vancouver evening paper states
that the armies and navies-'of the
World act as a preventive of war. That
to .say, If there were no armies or
navies there would be one continual
fight on the land, between soldiers that
did not exist and on the water between
navies that were never built.
The Passing of the Clarion
Editor B. C. Federationist;—Not
without a slight feeling of regret, despite the materialistic determinism in
our education, doea one view the exit
of our old weekly friend, the Western
The history of the socialist movement haa been and will be made up of
such struggles as this paper has been
through for the last ten years and the
revolution Is not yet.
Individuals and movements perform
tbelr various functions In the evolution of society. Being themselves but
the reflections and effects of hereditary and environment, they in their
turn pass by, leaving efteots that bear
witness to their peculiar demonstrations. \
If the struggles of the personages
individually in their endeavors to follow certain lines of action: of the efforts put forward to keep afloat certain doctrines or ideas that to them
appear necessary; of the financial and
material convenlencea they will undergo ln the course of their endeavors
to spread a special propaganda; little
may be Said for history properly read
ia but a record of material evolution
written and reflected hi the lives of
just such.
What of those responsible for the
production of a peculiar periodical
such as that under review?  *
We flnd herein expressed views and
doctrines that betray an extraordinarily clear insight Into the workings
of human society, an Insight beyond
the grasp of the great majority who
are only casual readers and are per-
fectly contented to allow others to
do their thinking for them. But
thinking hy proxy does not pay any
And such a philosophy with which
to feed the mind of the embryo "sub"
rustlerl Ye gods! No wonder Marx
died in poverty, and we have a long
list of propagandists, well posted In
the materialist conception, hovering
on the border line of flnanolal over
draft, down to our own immediate
vicinity and days of Kingsley, McKensle, Vancouver Local No. 1, et al.
Yes, we are highly educated. Educated also are those of the capitalist
class to whom lt would be dishonor
to soil the hands with mental work.
Armed with a thorough knowledge
of the economic determinism, the materialist conception of history, the
ability to analyse value with the concomitant reflex ln the line of philosophy generally known as the "automatic," one can Imagine this equipped
hunter after subscriptions at "one dollar per year or fifty cents for six
months" starting out on his quest.
That he should seek a comfortable
wayside seat and ponder over the dull
stupidity ot the wage slave class from
the viewpoint of automatic philosophy
cannot be greatly wondered at. It
would be Impossible for the average
mentality thus equipped to do otherwise. That there have heen a number who still insisted upon working
for the cause under such circumstances only demonstrates the tact
that we have tn the Socialist Party of
Canada quite a number of extraordln-'
ary individuals, who in addition to
their economic and philosophical education, realize that a movement Is
composed of Individuals In sympathetic motion.      —
That the Western Clarion lasted as
long as It did is but a proof that this
minority worked hard with little to
encourage them, and that we have In
this movement a sufficient number j
with characteristics that ensure its
The Federatlonist wtll no doubt apnea! more to tue majority of our number, and the matorlty can understand
that what Ib lacking In the absolutely
scientific Will probably be more than
made up by the Increased number attracted our way to be treated to a
course of analytical economics.
Au revolr, Clarion! We shall no
doubt see you again, or something ot
which you will be the prototype, but
not just. yet. Your cardinal sin was
that you were too scientific and truth-
til. Your other—that you were a
little before your time.
Enthusiasm together with a liking
for work necessary to keep you in existence, Is not a reflex of your being.
„, W. W. L.
U. S. Socialist* Cast 000,000 Votes.
The biggest and cleanest socialist,
vote In all the political history of the j
United States was cast last week.     |
Although reports of the vote are as|
yet fragmentary, the Indications aro
that it will reach Into the neighbor
hood of 900,000 ballots.
Notwithstanding the insidious efforts
ot the discerning corporation Interests of the country to stay the tide
of working claas political progress,
the tollers have surged reslstlessly
forward. Aa far as deceiving the workers of the United States Is concerned,
the so-called Progressive party has
proven itself a dismal failure.
Everywhere the news of the socialist advances was received with great
rejoicing. The socialist position In
thlB election has been stamped by Eugene V. Debs, socialist presidential
candidate, and Emll Seldel, socialist
vice-presidential candidate, as a splendid and encouraging victory.
Everywhere the news of the socialist gains have been received by the
old-party politicians as an augury of a
great political revolution whloh Is
nigh. Terror has been stricken into
their midst From all quarters of the
nation come concessions that the socialist vote waa never clearer.
O'Brien at Cumberland
The socialist meeting held on Friday evening In the Cumberland hall
was well attended and the several
speakers listened to with marked attention. The sneakers of the evening
were Parker Williams, M.P.P., for
Newcastle District; C. M. O'Brien, a
member ot the Alberta legislature,
and D. Irving, organiser of the U. M.
W. of A. Mr. O'Brien was the speaker of the evening and delivered a
spirited and interesting address. He
has socialism down to a science, and
is the best that has been heard on that
subjeot in this city. He is no ranter,
but ia a plain, cool and forceful speaker, one who gives you something to
think about.—News.
Notice to "Clarion" Subscribers
The Western Clarion, published at
Vancouver since June, 1903; has suspended publication, because ot lack
ot sufficient financial support. Its mailing list, comprising a circulation of
6,100, will be DIM out by The Federatlonist. •     -    . "'
Mr. Union
Do they fit youf Have they style and shape keeping
qualities? Are they all wool British goodst Do they
carry the Union Label f Are you quite satisfied with
These questions are answered
to the satisfaction of Union
Men if they are made by
Fred Perry
1 have heen making clothes in Vancouver for eight
years, daring which time I never bought goods that were
not British woolens and the beat I oould put my hands on.
For this reason, while f make no pretension to giving
bargains, the clothes I make repay you 100 cents on the
dollar and are the cheapest in the end.
Look through my stock
you will lind my shop at
Labor Temple
Remember that I stock
Fred Perry
.And that Style, Fit and Workmanship Aro GuaranUtd. Jbu)ax.....™.„..,n6vbb|ber 16, i»ii
Scotch Wool Blankets
This Is a good line to become acquainted with, lh fact It Is the
best Jfne that we know of at the price. All pure wool, full weight
end-positively free from any foreign substance. Come and
Inspect these blankets and compare them with any that you have
seen. Hold them to the light. You can not buy better blankets
at the same prices—anywhere.
The highest grade of work combined with the best of materials is assured those who purchase this kind of furniture here.
We make any atyle that you require/and our range of coverings
is very extensive. Price, too, is a desirable feature—Ihe lowest
consistent with quality. Let us figure on some of this furniture
for you.  We can please you.
(gnriion BrgaM*. Etmiirt.
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, B. C.
An immence stock of Blankets, Pillows, Comforters, Beds. Prices right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving; during the patt few daya. The culmination of weeks of careful
effort, backed by our long experience. It will pay you to investigate.
White Cotton ruled Oomfortsre,    Yorkshire Wool aiaakats,.* Ihe.
MoLlatooit ft sW_iown baUtaj    Yorkshire Wool Blaakets, • J
Ton neeee Wool Blankets, « to     	
10 lbs,, rate: Ss.oo, tioM
Onaraatesd nilliu mon, pais,
HaansMHS •*. WIST       Between Ahhott aad OarraU.
-  SMS .
Yorkshire Wool MeaksW, T Ihe.
S1.4S to SMO
Two-piece overallauits, specially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training, Sizes 26 to
o •     n    c ■•. .    .... 34. Made of stout black denim,
PriCC Pef Suit, any Size $180 cut tull and strongly put together,
309-815 Hastings
Street West
your WINTER suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select (rom
FRED PERRY Labor TemPle Tailor
Corner Homer end Dunimuii Street!
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open  from   9  a. m.   to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
Ten "Fed." Sub Cards for $7.50
Order today—sell at 81.00 eaoh and pay for when sold
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock snd Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or al least
two yearti improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment ol $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in •
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
. Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
, Bureau jif Provincial Information, Victoria
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Coti
Vancouver, B.O.        Phone Seymour 4770i
Notice to Union Secretaries
Whenever there is a change ol
working conditions or rate of wages
see to It that the secretary al tha
Trades and Labor Council Is promptly notified.
Labor Temple Reading Room
The Labor Temple Co. maintains a
reading room tor unionists on the
second floor. UK* the member* of the
Waitresses' Union; it is neat,-clean,
and attractive. Labor papers from
every quarter of the globe are oa Die.
Unionists should avail themselves of
the advantages of the nice warm
quarters and Indulge ln a little reading during spare hours of the winter
After less than, an hoar's deliberation a verdict, of not guilty waa rendered by the Jury In the trumped-up
murder case against Emerson and
other members of the Timber Workers' Union, of Alexandria, La. This Is
a signal victory for organised labor in
the South, for the unsuccessful attempt
of the Lumber Trust to railroad these
Innocent men to the gallows will act
as a boomerang and aid. Instead of
Impede, the organising of the timber
worker* In the southern states.—
Shingle Weaver.
Wisconsin SeolalKs Vote
The socialists ln Milwaukee polled
more votes last week than they polled
two years ago, when they carried Milwaukee county and sent Victor Berger
to Congress. However, this year the
fusion "non-partisan" ticket defeated
the socialist ticket, in spite ot this
actual gain In the socialist vote. Now
this means nothing except that the
Social-Democrats of Milwaukee are
not yet a majority party. Returns thus
far Indicate also a large gain in the
socialist vote throughout tha state of
Barbers' Invitation
On the 5th day of December, 1912.
the Journeymen Barbers' International
Union of America will celebrate Its
twenty-fifth anniversary throughout
the United States, Canada and Porto
Rico. On that day or evening every
barber In the land Is invited to attend.
No special Invitations will be issued,
as the meetng will be open to all. You
are invited. You will not be imposing
on us; on the contrary, you will honor
us with your presenoe. Our entertainment, of whatever it may be composed,
will Interest you. No trills, no fancy,
Just faots. We want to tell you who
we are; what we have done; what we
want to do In the future. Come to our
meeting, take a seat, and ltaten to the
history of the Journeymen Barbers'
International Union ot America.
Less Idleness but More Accldsnts
The monthly returns to the .Bureau
of Labor Statistics at Albany make an
excellent showing of the condition of
the labor market. Reports from 185 re-
presentative trade unions indicate
such activity and demand for workers
ln their lines ot industry that the
mean monthly percentage ot members
reported Idle for any cause is but 19.7
for tbe first half of this year as compared with 24.8 for the corresponding
period of last year. \
The number of strikes and of lockouts reported for the second quarter
of this year is about the same as tbat
of last year, but only about halt as
much time lost. The strikes of the
waiters and ot the furriers in this city
account for almost one-halt of the employees Involved in all disputes during the period and more than half ot
the time lost.
The one sad feature of the report
la the list of accidents, which during
the three months under review reach-
ed the number of 19,567, of which 13,-
731 were In factories. This Is the largest number ot accidents reported in
any one suarter of a year on record.
It comes as an object lesson in a
period when agitation for factory ln
spectton and security Is widespread.
"Down With th* AL    ,._
"I fell asleep and had a drsam
Of a phvo* w* any talk about War,
A pe«iyfrted d*moh«*s   uttered   a
•Down with tha agitator.'
W* IM In a place where wa wanted
-i   no furs,
Twas mora hot than  the  dashed
And frlssllng Tooraklans chanted ln
■Down with the agitator."'
Notice to Correspondents.
The Federatlonist welcome* short
communications upon any phase of
the'labor movement, but they must be
short. "Boll It down." Have something to say—then say it.
Montreal's Labor Tempi*.
Montreal unionists aro considering
plans for the erection of a 1150,000
labor tempi*. It Is proposed to have
it ready for tha Trade* and Labor
Congress of Canada convention to be
held In that olty In September next..
Live Lite; Not Study It
"There Is no solution; believe me,
no solution of Life'* enigma worth th*
reading. • * • You and natural
Ilka your* make this groat error: you
aro moralising at\d speculating on
what Ufa ought to be, aad ln the
meantime It slips by you, and you are
nothing and Lite Is gone."
Central Ubor lady Meets Nov. 21.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council delegates should remember that the
next regular meeting of tha central
body takes place on Thursday, Nov.
21, commencing at 8 p.m. sharp. If
your union Is not represented see that
a few HVe one* aro put on the Job.
There's plenty of th* "dead" variety
Lemleux Aot Ovsrlsoksd
Bellevue mine was closed down for
two days last weak over a dispute
between Local 411 and the mine management over the discharge ot two
men because of a dispute which they
had with one of tha fire-bosses. After
a conference between the officials on
both sides, the dispute was amicably
settled, and work was resumed on
Saturday morning— Blairmoro Enterprise.
It Would, Indeed
It. would be Interesting, at least, to
know why Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister of labor, refused the request of
the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway
Employes tor a board of conciliation.
Surely if these men have a grievance
they have a right to have It Inquired
Into. Mr. Crothers, however, up to
the present, so far as The Daily News
knows, has given no reason tor his
refusal. He might, at least, explain
and perhaps the public would understand—Nelson News (Conservative)
Industrial Unionism
The "Industrial" plan ot organise,
tlon is by no means new. It has been
adopted as a principle by many labor
organisations both within and without
the American Federation of Labor. By
those without A. F. of L. affiliation It
has been elevated to the rank of a sort
of religion, and all sorts of absurd possibilities aro claimed for Industrial
unionism as distinguished from craft
unionism. This Industrial plan of organizing labor unions is known in Europe as syndicalism.
As to wherein trade unionism differs from Industrial unionism and
wherein they are Identical we will
have more to aay at a later date, but
the spirit and wording of the Vancouver communication Is to be commended as having evidently emanated from
reasonable men who are honestly seek.
Ing the best plan to organise the different grades of workers so aa to produce the strongest and most aggressive labor units; and when one takes
a glance at the rather chaotic formation of Labor's ranks as exemplified
by the American Federation of Labor
as at present constituted can It in
truth be said that we have exhausted
the possibilities for Improvement In
labor union organisation? We tblnk
not, and ln the hope that something
better may come of tt we join In commending Vancouver Council's action ln
this matter.—Calgary Labor Review.
An Active Unionist's "Pay."
Every once ln a while wa meet
union men who have been active In
their union or ln the general labor
movement; who have become discouraged. They will tell you that workingmen are unappreclatlve, that the
only reward for those who work ln
the Interest of the tollers Is extreme
criticism, contumely and vilification.
Those who enter the labor movement expecting to receive the plaudits
of the workers and expect to traverse
a path strewn with roses, had better
keep out of the game. It is bricks for
the guy who plays the game square ln
e labor movement, and usually most
of the bricks come from his own side
ot the house, that Is, from the workers.
The union man who pouts because
he does a little more work than the
other fellow, and rants about the other fellow not doing his share of the
work, is as much of a nuisance as the
union man who lays down on the Job.
The labor movement Is kept alive,
is being perpetuated, by the voluntary
work of the men and women who
never expect any reward beyond the
consciousness that they did their duty; that they have contributed their
share towards making this a better
world to live In,
The man who can face the howling
mob, though they be of his own class,
with a consciousness that he ' has
fought their battles and fought them
well, doss not look for bouquets or
applause; his reward la in the knowledge of a duty well performed, and
It's brick bate for him.—The Liberator.
Condemn Factory Act.
"Resolved, that this (Winnipeg)
Trades'and Labor Council go on record as expressing Its absolute lack
of faith in the administration ot the
Manitoba Factory Aot, and that this
council's observation of the work of
the present factory inspector Justified
this Council in the conviction that to
all practical purposes there Is no-factory act ln this province.
"Anil further resolved, that copy of
this resolution be sent to the Minister of Public Works, and that all
affiliated unions take similar action
in forwarding strongly worded protests to the Provincial Government."
—The Voice.
Labor Congress Publicity.
Unionists who understand the value
of publicity will hope that at the recent, meeting of the executive council
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, the question of Issuing a
weekly, or at least monthly, newsletter was considered. Such a venture would assist in keeping Old Country wage-workers informed as to-industrial conditions in Canada more effectively than any policy heretofore
adopted. The usefulness of such a
service to the labor press and organised labor movement of this continent
cannot be estimated ln dollars and
cents. The Congress hu been long
enough without a medium for keeping
Its affiliated membership In closer
touch with each other.
The Workers' Claim.
I have looked at this claim by tha
light of history and my own conscience, and It seems to me so looked
at to be a most Just claim, and that
insistence to It means nothing short
of denial of the hope of civilisation.
This, then, is the claim:
It Is right and necessary that all
men should have work to do which
shall he worth doing, and be of Itself
pleasant to do; and which should be
done under such conditions as would
make it helther over-wearisome nor
Turn that claim about aa I may,
think of It as long as I can, I cannot
flnd that It Is an exorbitant claim;
yet again I say If society would or
could admit It, the face of the world
would be changed; discontent and
strife and dishonesty would be ended.
To feel that we were doing work useful to others and pleasant to ourselves, and that such work and Its due
reward could not fall us I What serious harm could happen to us? And
the price to he paid for so making
the world ..appy Is revolution.—William Morris.
Federation Meats Jan. »
" i Stat* Federation of Last at Olympla on Jan. to.
itin* ranchers hav* undertaken
ranching on a large scale in tb*
province of Alberta.
Winnipeg ■artendar* Orejanln.
Business Agent Rigg of Winnipeg
Trade* and Labor Council, has, just
lompleted th* organisation of a new
local of the-Bartenders' League, with
a membership of (0.
Ward's Union at Winnipeg.
R. S. Ward, a union machinist of
Winnipeg, who has occupied many positions In the girt of organised labor,
and Is at present secretary-treasurer
of District No. 1 of the I. A. ot M.,
succeeded In organising a unton last
Week that should grow. Miss Jean
Whyte wss a party to tha application
tor a charter.
What* I* th* Attom*y-Q*ner*l?
W* find that tha deceased, Miss
Maria Isabella Pari* McKensle, died
at tbe Genual hospital. Vancouver, B.
C, on Nov. », Ull, from Injuries received through neglect on the part ot
tha B. C. Electric Railway Company,
between llth and 14th avenues on
Main straet; on Oct 80, by being
thrown oS th* car through tha Increasing of th* speed after a two-
hall signal fit given."—Vancouver
coroner's Jury verdict, last week.
1M0O Suicides In U. 6. During 1011.
According to a report by Frederick
L. Hoffman of tha American Statistical Association, there were 16,000 sul
tides In th* United States during Ull.
Whtt* the rate In ahull cities I* larger than la tha big centre* of population, tha general average for all cities
was IM par 100,000. The principal
causes assigned are disease, nervous
troubles and alcoholism. Mr. Hoffman
adds to th***: social and moral discontents and tha depressing and Infectious Influence of the publicity given to suicides in the newspapers.
Vancouver's Labor Market
The Incessant rainfall of the past
week In Vancouver has been the cause
of hundreds of workmen missing a
pay-day, especially those engaged in
the building tradea and outdoor civic
work. This, with the Increasing num.
ber of Job-seekers from the Old Coun-
try, Is Increasing the competition for
what Jobs are going. Hence wages
are on the downward course; while
the purchasing power of wages Is rapidly decreasing. Eggs, for Instance,
are up to six bits a dosen and the prospects are that they will roach the dollar mark before the winter Is over.
Fresh meat Is almost out of the reach
of the average wage-worker. The labor market prospects are anything but
B. D. Grant la "Papa."
B. D. Grant, secretary of New Westminster Trades and Labor Council,
and a member of the executive board
of tbe B. C. Federation ot Labor, is
the happy father of a daughter of the
revolution—Ihe flrst, by the way. All
Bro. Grant has evidently had in
mind the assumption of the duties to
be expected from a family man, for
last week he tendered his resignation
to President Huber as B. C. organiser
tor the Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners, and will henceforth "saw
It is unofficially understood in local
labor circles that L. H. Burnham, secretary-treasurer of No. 617, "will be
Mr. Grant's successor.
8tudy Job Ownership,
Unless you own your own home,
free from any man's claim, unless you
are receiving an equivalent of $2/
per year for useful work; unless your
children have the beat advantages of
education, proper food and shelter, unless you have certain promise of sub-
tenance for yourself and family ln
your old age, unless you are healthy
and enjoying life in its fullest, brightest sense, you are being robbed. Because there Is enough In these days
of modern Improvements for all—for
every single Inhabitant of the earth.
It you are not getting your share,
someone else Is getting more than belongs to them. You would be considerably wrought up If some one
would steal your pocketbook, wouldn't
you? Well, why don't you get busy
and find out who or what Is robbing
you, snd your family, of the Joys of
life? It wouldnc take you long to
catch and punish the thief.—Hope.
ThtOfalu* of th* Union
Hfloylng, as many of us do, the
weekly pay-day and the right to quit
work whenever we desire and collect
our pay on the day we quit we are
somewhat inclined to take these privileges as something quite for granted,
and these rights, small though they
may be, to be ours by legal enactment Such, however, is not the case
and that the organised worker when
he goes to work may feel tolerably
sure that at least his wages will be
forthcoming at the end of the week,
Is due almost entirely to the enforcing
of union regulations governing the
payment of wages ln tbe different
crafts snd trades.
If the labor union did nothing more
than save their members the trouble
and expense which they undoubtedly
would often be put to in this respect,
if lt were not for the protection the
unton affords the union would, on this
ground alone, he ot no Inconsiderable
benefit to Its membership.
And it Is time that the decade-old
legislation bearing, on the relations of
masters and servants were aired and
revised, and re-wmten with, Ua wishes
and desires of wjBteM ■hdled
ln their new drafl K"as
written with
the employer ■■ snd
so framed that™ fib to
give both sides ,■ Wit In
reality can.be «■ Hvery
case In dlsputeM ■ and
unfair mannerJH I Re
Light From the Labor Bureau.
The federal bureau of labor is the
authority for the statements:
On June 16, 1912, fourteen out of
fifteen articles of food, comprising two-
thirds of the workingman's needs, were
higher In price than one year before.
During the year, nine of the fifteen
articles advanced more than ten per
cent The one decrease was smoked
bacon, which declined one-tenth of one
per cent.
On June 16, 1912, all of the fifteen
articles were higher than ten years
before, and ten of them had advanced
more than fifty per cent, over the
average retail price for the ten-year
period of 1890-1899. The lowest advance was on granulated sugar, 8.5 per
cent.; the highest, Irish potatoes, 111.9
per cent
This country exports food products
contained In this list In large quantl-
quantltles. It shuts out foreign pro-
by the Imposition of heavy dutlea.
Potatoes, for example, advanced 7 6
per cent. In one year and 111.9 per
cent, ln ten years. The duty on potatoes is 25 cents a bushel
Smoked hams advanced 2.7 per cent,
ln one year and 61.3 per cent. Inten
years. The duty on hams Is four cents
a pound.
Creamery butter advanced 15.3 per
cent In one year and 43.3 per cent. In
ten years. The duty on butter Is six
cents a pound.
Flour advanced 10.7 per cent, in one
year and 39.3 per cent. In ten years.
The duty on flour Is twenty-five per
Smoked bacon Increased 96,7 per
cent, ln ten years. The duty on bacon
la four cents a pound.
Strictly fresh eggs ln one year advanced 11.8 per cent, .and in ten years
26.1 per cent. The duty on eggs Is
five cents a dosen.
While all this has been going on,
official reports sbow an Increase In
farm mortgages.
Some American foodstuffs in this
list are sold cheaper abroad than at
Conditions revealed by the labor
bureau present the question of removing the embargo on foreign food which
promotes famine prices In a light not
now but exceedingly bright—Longshoreman.
Autolst—"I haven't paid a cent for
repairs on my machine in all the ten
months I've had It"
-Friend—"So the man who did tbe
repairs told m*."—Boston Transcript
$100,000 worth of Staple aad.Fsacy Goods to ba da**!
the first of the yeir, whan a aaw ftefmsonbip takas o*«r
84.88 <
noloo (
I Carberundam Orlnders I
> Carbonmcnm Grinders I
 > Carborundum Orlnders I	
These aro the latest model la oil
running machines.
26 only, Stanley Woe* Bottom Jack
and Jointer Planes.   Value* to
_ll.00j to clear at... SMS
sua Saw* In an makes: vain
*3.00: for;
Those ajh
...- „ -__—r ftSI
-uu «.,« tor..^, .TSo
8, 4 and 8-inch tags* Ma*,, four
8-Inch "stTitsonWr«ohss;' rsiriilar
8-lneh Btlluwn Wren
81.18......... §3	
. lO-lnch Stillson Wreathes;
14-Inch stiiiwn WMnebsei
Quick cut :
value for.._..__...
•I.N »!*» tor.	
fittUdert* Hardware
Sash locks, each _.. ... ._.._§•
Cupboard catches, lie, oaen.......„s*
CasesMns adjusters, best roads..***
Casement fsstsntrs............. ..lis
4-ln. Japanned deer butts, palr.-J*
Hat and eaat hooks. 8 des....      -
Drawer pulls, de*......,
Steel butts, per pair..
Strap hinges, pair. __„
Door bolt*, each........... ._._
BELOW COST Is the rule of this Sale theCo-
operativc plan ia suspended till further notice
TELEPHONE  SEYMOUR 3472 and 3473'
■hoc* for Sorwieo.
Shots*  for Drasa
_.        .   Shooa for Comfort
Shoo* for Ivsry «o«at»lromot
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
of every man who desires the beat shoes his money oan buy.
•  )•    V *V *V        Oppose the CityHai
Nomad Shooa Aro rroquantlr
Mad* In Non-Union raelorlaa
no natter what Its nam*, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of thi* Stamp.
All shoes without th* Union'Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot Cb Shoo WorKora' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Haas.
J. F. Tobln, Pros.    C. L. Balne, sec.-Tresa.
Honest Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result,
THE SHOE ^_fiF^\^^¥\ Lo»k wr the
sry.ciAi.i3T   yflf   ^^gW^katW eWsmW   Vu'onStsmp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
B.tST  IN 8.C.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries


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