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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 12, 1912

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circulation  ... i.. i.....;. ..7,000
NDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH. ^^ •. •.    *   OFPnaAtPAPTOV-VANeOOTs* TlttTjajs;'4NI^tj»arOR GOB^Clt ANtfiB.'C:.
     ■ ■ '   '   'ins..     . ■■.•mt ft "■
Fourth Year, No. 79,
wfi i,     *& L&i    - i   ***       . '     a. ■   fcn
j ^^COUVEft,!^
As ^announced exclusively ln The
Federatlonist some, weeks ago, the
Western Federation of Miners have
adopted a new schedule ot wages and
working conditions which the mem-
bershlp Intends to put Into effect at
the earliest possible moment
Official sanction ot the demands of
District 6 has been secured from head,
quarters,, and the usual local prelim.
Inarles provided ln such cases Is all
that remains to be done.
The miners having agreed among
themselves, In convention and by referendum vote, upon what they do
want, the next step Is to notify the
■ employers of the proposed change.
With this in view, Secretary-
Treasurer A. Shilland; ot Sandon, hat
prepared a statement to be addressed
to the employers and mine workers
and mlllmen within the jurisdiction of
the District by the respective local
union secretaries. In part the statement reads: - •..
"For some years past the steady Increase In the cost of all those things-
food, clothing and shelter—which the
■ worker must have ln order to continue
to live and labor, hs been so great
that lt has been evident that a demand
for a corresponding Increase ln wages
was not only Just and logical, but inevitable. As long aa the market value
of those metals which jointly furnish
us a livelihood continued at low ebb
we refrained from pressing our case.
Now that metal prices have ruled high
for some time past, and from all Indications will continue so to rule for
some time to come, we can conceive ot
secretary of Sandon .Miners' Union,
No. 81, of the Western Federation of
Miners, to request that thirty days
from, ths receipt of this notice.you
grant your several employees such Increases in ' pay- aa the enclosed
(endorsed 'District Wage Scale') calls
for, or formally advise me ot your unwillingness to do so and of your Intention not bo to do. •'
"I will, on receipt of your answer,
or of any other communication that
you may desire to make on the question, refer the same to the members ot
this organisation tor their considers,
tlon and instructions.
"I trust, and I speak for our entire
membership, that whatever correspondence may ensue will be conducted
without animus or Insincerity. With
us It Is purely and simply a business
proposition. With yourselves 1 presume, .that It will be the same.   J
"In the camps of Britannia, Hedley,
Grand Forks, Phoenix, Greenwood,'
Rossland,, and Trail an advance In
wages has been conceded, within the
past month, and we ln this Jurisdiction
feel that our-need for Increased remuneration Is as great as theirs, anl
our title to, It ss clear,     h       ■ ■
"trusting that you will give this
matter the consideration that its Importance deserves, and that you win
communicate with me at your earliest
convenience.   I am, yours -."
The Factory Workers' union, Victoria, organised by the Amalgamated
?. TS!?,".1?; to.P&i.PJSZSrZ Society of Carpenters, although losing
their strike, are,busy again.    I say
we should not ask to be allowed to
participate In the general prosperity
which the mining Industry Is at this
time enjoying.
"We would direct your attention to
a report and recommendations ot a
Board of Conciliation and Investigation, which I enclose, that sat at Moyle
In 1907.
"If the conclusions then arrived at
by three dispassionate lawyers—not
one of them could be accused of being
prejudiced In favor of the working
class—were sound, and the scale of
wages they recommended appeared to
them to be just, assuredly in the Ave
years tbat has elapsed since their Investigation was made no circumstances have arisen that would lessen
the. soundness of such conclusions or
deny the Justice of their recommendations.
"Rather Is the contrary the case.
The price of metals has advanced beyond that point under which these
gentlemen classified mining conditions
as 'abnormally favorable,' and the cost
of living, the other factor on which
they based their' conclusions, la
greater now than when the award was
"At the solicitation of a number of
Us affiliated locals, a special convention of District Association No. 6 of
the Western Federation of Miners waa
held, In Nelson, on the 23rd day of
I "This convention gave the
question and Its corelattves a very
earnest consideration, and decided to
submit to the mine, mill and smelter
workere of the provtnco, affiliated with
the Western Federation tf Miners, a
wage schedule.
"It was the understanding that lti
endorsatlon by a majority vote Would
be followed automatically by Its presentation to the employers ln each
local Jurisdiction.
"A referendum vote ot the membership of this Local has been taken on
this wsge scale, and the same haa
been almost unanimously endorsed.
"It becomes my duty as financial
lost, but a strike Is never lost,.. The
employers never knew the value of
those men until they ceased work; Oi
walked.out, leaving only 16 tn 9 mills
and remained out for two weeks, when
we had over 150 outside men Idle for
finished lumber.. The rumor has
reached my ears that one large firm
lost $6,000, for demurrage on a boat of
lumber, and the manager got fired
So every thing was not so sweet for
Organiser Wells has been amongst
them again, and they now realise that
their conditions cannot exist as they
are, and are determined to build up
their ranks, and by the-time this is In
print they will have held a smoker and
organisation meeting, at which they
hope to add a number to'their membership.. H. J. S.
GEO. W. WILLIAMS    .,',,
Business   Asent   Vancouver   Local   117
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, with headquarters at-Vancouver
Labor Temple.
por sterna
Piftsjdint established
Ivenlng in the
Well, what' do'you know about thlsT
Listen to the resolution psssed by
the Baptist Church st Nanalmo, last
Sunday evening, "
. Resolution put. by Pastor Howe and
passed unanimously: '
"Resolved, That this meeting assembled tn the First Baptist Church
Nanalmo, at the close of the evening
service on Sunday, October 6th, desires to express Its sympathy with
ths Extension and Cumberland miners
In the sacrifice they are making to
vindicate the' rights of the fellow-
workmen, and urges upon the Provtn-
clsl government the Introduction of
such legislation as will protect miners
from discrimination tor reporting tbe
true condition ot the mine :
'■'. Hare Is the Miners' Reply:
NANAIMO, R C, Oct. 8,—Convention District No, 18, U. M. W. A.;    .
"Whereas, the congregation of the
First Baptist Church ot Nanalmo
have -by resolution expressed their
sympathy with the miners of Cumberland and Ladysmlth In their struggle
to . secure Justice for their fellow,
hsrefore, be It resolved, that we
the delegates ot District No 28, U. M.
W. of A. In convention assembled go
on record as heartily appreciating the
action of the congregation of this
church, assuring, them that such acts
ln the Interest of Justice and fair dealing would go far to change the attitude of many working men toward
the churches and their opinion that
the churches are the bulwark of the
Delegates to the central labor body
are reminded that the Council meeta
next Thursday evening,, Oct 17, at 8
o'clock sharp.     -   "
A number of questions f importance to organised labor locally will be
up for disposition.
Herein fall not.
Royal City Nearly Went "Dry."
The'New Westminster Bartenders'
union received, an awful slam this
Week. A telegram t'-at Attorney-
General Hovreor had- addressed to the
New Westminster Bar Association,
reached the Bartenders' offices In due
form. After reading "Assises adjourned till Oct 28," the secretary he-
came excited, and Ut out to the tele-
graph office for an explanation.
Naturally enough the message waa Intended tor a bunch of lawyers. The
Bartenders' assises wlh continue to
meet twice a day as usual.
J. W. Wilkinson Returns.
.1. W. Wilkinson, president of the
B.C. Federation of Labor and western
organizer for the Trades and Labor
CongresB ot Canada, reached Vancouver Thursday, after a three
months' organising tour of British
Columbia and Southern Alberta.
Nelson, B. C, Oct 8.—Union condition's continue to   improve here, so
much so that In the case of the fol-lprMenT industrial system'that inflicts
lowing unions every wage-earner must'such monstrous cruelty, hardship and
hold a paid-up working card:. Team- injustice on the working classes."
Bters, Hodcarrlers, Laborers, Carpenters, Bricklayers, Bartenders, Plasterers, Electrical Workers, Maclnlsts. We
desire to. put this record up to any
other industrial centre of the   province.
The great Sir George Askwith,
campion strike-breaker of England,
has paid us a visit, with a. view to
securing Ideas for the promotion of
strike-breaking by law lh the Old
Land, via the Lemon Act (apologies
to McV.); but having met Frank
Phillips, Mat Austin, and. George H.
Hardy jie must have received anything out a comfortable reception.   .
A. local contractor here recently
sent a bricklayer to an out-of-town
Job, but refused to pay the travelling expenses tor same. The matter
was placed In the bands of a solictor,
but several sessions resulted ln nothing being accomplished. The Trades
and Labor Council took- the matter
up, invited the complainant and con-
contractor to the meeting, found ln
favor of' the bricklayer, and upon refusal to settle, instructed Business
Agent Hardy to notify the contractor
that the ten local carpenters, two
plumbers and six laborers in his employ would be called 6ft the Job un-
:    A. 8. WELLS
District Organiser of the Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters and Jointers, who
Is at present doing effective work la
Sir George Askwith met President*
Clem Stubbs and the Executive Board
of District 18, U.M.W. ot A., at the
Sanatorium, Frank, Alberta, on Mon-
dy afternoon, Oct. 7th. Those present were Sir Oeo. Askwith, Mr, LH.
Mitchell, of the British Board ol
Tradei Clem Stubbs, president of District 18, U.M.W. of A.: J. O.' Jones,
vice-president; A. J. Carter, secretary-
treasurer; J. Burke, aecreury Belle-
vue Local, and J. W. Wilkinson, president of the British Columbia Federation of Labor.
President Stubbs presented the
views of the miners concerning the
Industrial.Disputes Investigation Act
In a masterly resume he covered the
operations of the Act In District 18,
since the Inception of the Act In 1907.
. The Interview lasted from 1.80 until
0.30 p.m., during,which the minors
made ho disguise of ihe fact that their
experience of the Act had proven to
them that tn lta present form tt Is
worse than useless to the;:).
Preeldent Clem Stubbs tnd the
members ot the executive board of
District 18 of the United Mine Workers of America met In session at the
Frank hotel, Frank, Alberta, lut
Tuesday, Oct. 8.
rarUaaaantaly Oomnittee.
The Central Labor Body parliamentary
committee meets tha .second and fourth
Fridays of each month, Labor Temple,
Every union ahould be represented. Secretary: W. J. Pipes, 233 Keefer Street.
Asctdeats Snoold Ba Beportad.
I.ocnl 'unionists are requested to report all accidents In the Industrial world,
occurlng ln Vancouver and vicinity to
the secretary of Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council, Room '210, Labor Temple.
Such reports are required for statistical purposes.        .   ;,
Ftethry Workers Organize.
The men engaged in local woodworking factories are realising the
necessity of getting together, and
splendid progress has been made during the last month, many members
having been admitted Into the organisation. There Is, however, room for
further improvements, and special efforts are being made by No. 4 branch
of the Amalgamated Carpenters to
bring the men Into line, and It is the
desire of the members of the organisation to see, In the near future, the
complete organisation, of all men engaged ln the factories.
less he came through.   After a brief
period In which'to adjust his dignity,
the contractor settled.   No bill as yet
trom the lawyer/Workers,    please I Home at Colorado Springs, Colo., dur-
copy. I. Ing the coming year.
Local Job Printing Trade.
The Job printing trade in this city
haa not been so dull In several years
as at present. Though no failures
have been reported, some half doten
plants have been put in storage., As
usual, In quiet times; a few of the
officers are making cuts ln prices.
About 25 Journeymen are Idle and
prospects poor.
I.T.U to Spend 141,000,
..The   International- Typographical
Union will expend 141,000in enlarging
and  Improving the Union  Printers'
The jurisdiction of the B. C. Government has been extended. It now
Includes oysters as well as lobsters.
- There's no poetry in slavery
When in Doubt
*•» Sal.br
Buy     f
'OT only are, they.
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear, any
other kind.
The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are. well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
COMPARE THEM—Note the lit, yardage, number of.
pockets, finish, etc There's no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them for good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally good. Note
the gauntlet cuffs,' and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good Jacket, that's the.
one made by Peabody, ,
Leaves No Room for Federal Unions in Canada, Chartered by
Dominion Congress.
The executive council of the American Federaton-of Labor seems to be
doing Its utmost to provide for the
federation of existing unions ! Into
larger groups,' covering Industries, as
rapidly as possible under existing
One of the latest moves In this direction was made at an executive
meeting, held at Washington last
week. An excerpt from the official
minutes read:
: "The application of the Hodcarrlers'
and Building Laborers' International
Union contained m Resolution 129
of the Atlanta convention, for Jurisdiction oVer. common laborers employed in the construction of streets,
sewers, and tunnels, was granted and
authority given for the charter to be
issued to the international union
under the title, Hodcarrlers' and Common Laborers' International Union."
' The above .has a special significance
In Canada. Briefly, lt means that
the Trades and Labor Congress ol
Canada will no longer have any-excuse tor Issuing charters to federal
labor unions, Inasmuch as Its constitution provides' for no organise-
tons covered by existing International
It also gives the Congress a splendid opportunity to stick to its own
legislative knitting,' and thus keep
clear of trade disputes, Jurisdictional
squabbles and tbe necessity of getting men Into a union that cannot, ln
the very nature of things, pay strike
benefits If need be.
The action of the A. F. of L. executive council has made It easy to
strengthen the .position of both the
Federation and the Congress.
Question Put up to Three Vancouver Locals -by Trades and
Labor Council.
Boilermakers' Official Here.
Vice-President Atkinson of the International Boilermakers' unton, was
a visitor In Vanouver during the past
week,. He addressed a meeting ef the
local union, and a number of local
Issues were dealt with, which will probably result In renewed interest by
the membership.
How "Property'' Votes.
Out of about 1,500 voters ln the district of North Vancouver, 91 were cast
last Saturday on two money by-laws,
aggregating the sum ot 858,000. This
very fact should Condemn the "property qualification" property voters.
Residents, though propertyless, are
niore Interacted any -time In civic
affairs than "outside" landowners, the
latter comprising the great bulk of
names on the voters' lists.
' All those Interested ta the ftxr-
ganisatton. of the building trades siess-
cll, and who hav• been saying last Use
council sbltild do sosnthlig, have saw
every opportunity of telling the ootm-
cll what to do. la the meantime sat
out and work tor tt"
Hudson's Bay Stores
Capital City 'Manglemated.
The Amalgamated Soclcety ot Carpenters and Joiners lh the Capital
City are very .much alive, although
Sammy Gompers made use ot the
steam roller at the last convention of
the A. F. L.
Our members have settled down to
organizing, and swear by the old card
of the Mais. During the last three
months our business agent (H. Sheen)
has taken' over ninety applications,
and our ranks are swelling daily, and
instead of being put out of business,
we are progressing more favorably
than ever.
Our membership having Increased
to- such an extent, we found lt Impossible to conduct business and collect
dues on meeting nights, so the mem.
hers decided to place a permanent
secretary th the field and to consolidate the Branches and meet weekly;
and in. doing so they msde a glad
oholca ln selecting Bro. A. E. Wrench,
who for several years conducted that
position tn Salt take City.
■I.T.U, Representative In B.C,
R. A. Stoney, president of New
Westminster Trades and Labor Council, hss been appointed as a representative of the International Typographical Union, of which, he Is an old
time member on the Pacific ooast, for
the province ot British Columbia.
Elected aa a Member of the B. C. Federation of Labor executive board, vice
Oeo. Burt, resigned,
ON B.O.F. of L. Board.
Coal Miners Pay Per Capita aad
Will Be Well Represented
at Victoria Convention.
Clem Stubbs, president of District
18; Unfted Mine Workers of America,
with B.C. headquarters at Fernle, has
been elected by the executive board ol
the B.C. Federation of Labor to fill the
vacancy caused by the resignation of
Vice-president Burt
Secretary-Treasurer A. J. Carter has
forwarded to Secretary-Treasurer V.
R. Mldgley, of the Federation, per
capita tax for the current half year
upon 1,578 members, divided as follows: Fernle, 925;; Hosmer, 240;
Michel, 333; Corbln, 80. This constitutes the average membership of District 18, In British Columbia, for a
period covering the big strike, and
will be considerably augmented by the
end of the present fiscal half year.
The coal diggers of the Crows Nest
Pass coal fields will be well represented at tbe forthcoming convention of
the B.C.F. of L., at Victoria, and none
will be more welcome than Pres. Clem
Stubbs himself.
South Vancouuvsr School Beard.
' A deputation" waited on the South
Vancouver School Board, on Tuesday
evening, from tbe Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Jolnera and the Amalgamated Society ot Carpenters and
Joiners, and lodged before' that body
a protest against the violation of the
contract labor clause and by some of
the contractors. It appears that the
rule provides sn eight-hour day, with
a Saturday half-holiday, at the current rate of wages. In* a number ot
instances workmen put In nine hours
a day and all day. Saturday.
Trustee Neelands pointed out that
the fair contractor on the General
Wolfe School was further advanced
with his work thsn the' unfair contractors, and held that It was doubt-
less on account of the cheap labor
that they were behind with their
The Board Instructed the architect
to see that the work was done according to specifications In the future.
Vancouver Building Trades Council.
A meeting of all unions Interested
For Dividends and the OM Plssv
As a side light on thktgs tS«W
realty are, the Judidios oteerver Mar
care to know that sll there Is to tat
esntroversy between the UatMsV
States and Great Britain al
Panama canal Is a struggle
two railroad Interests.
Nothing else In the world.
When Great Britain praise ejraat
treaty obligations, and whsa tht
United States replies with at sapesl
to Jingo sentiment and all tast/eota
countries are acting al the coausaad
ot capitalists that hsve railroad Investments to further.
Great Britain Is trying to git adtasv
■ages la the canal tor the OsaadMa
Pacific, and the United Stats* Is Ms*
to get advantages for the Staadtrt
Oil roup that owns or controls ta*
greater part of our transportation system.
For the sake of these tevssfsats
the two government an standing sad
making faces at each other, sad the
newspapers are lUed with psIpsMe
distortions of the tacts, aad with
sloppy appeals to patriotism.
'his Is what patriotism mesas ta
these days, the gentlemen that art
shouting their heads off with excitement on one sM* and the other are
expending their breath tor ths asks or
two gangs of exploiters, and tor a*
other object on earth.
It must be grand to be tbat Had ef
a patriot Think ot a sun goiag tat*
battle and being shit to pieces for th*
sake of John D. Archbold and Us drrt-
dends!—Coming Nation.        ■
The following excerpt from the of.
flclal minutes   of last    meeting of] ln~ the'formation'of a"cen"tral~coun~cii
Local 69, S. P. of C., will prove  of I for the building Industry was held In
some Interest to the unionists    of
Messrs. McVety and Pettlplece, as a
deputation from Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, enquired on behalf of that body If the S. P. of C.
would be entering the next municipal
campaign. Speaking us members of
the party, both comrades expressed
themselves strongly In favor of the
atep. Comrade W. w. Lefeaux |
thouught the step would be a good
one from an educational standpoint.
Comrade Burroughs spoke against the
proposition, as the Issues at stake
were practically all affectng property
owners, and he could see no prospect
of any educational work being done.
Comrade Watts thought the party was
strong   enough ln   Intelligence   and
Labor Temple on Monday evening,
Tjctober 7th. The following unions
were represented: Amalgamated Society of Carpenters. Brotherhood of
Carpenters, Cement Workers, Elevator
Constructors, Hoisting Engineers,
Lathers, Marble Workers, Machinists,
Plumbers and Ueamfltters, Painters,
Paperhangers and Decorators, Tile-
layers, Sheet Metal Workers, Iron
Worker and Bricklayers. After an Interesting dscusslon a motion "that the
delegates present report to their
unions on the advisability of forming
a local council of building trades, and
all unions Interested In the matter, be
requested to return an answer within
two weeks, and' that they send properly credentialed delegates to the next
meeting," was unsnlmously adopted.
A number of plans, for tbe thorough
education to keep clear of confusing 'orpinlzlng of local building tradesmen
Mr. I. '9. any Billed.
A very sad accident, occurred on Monday evenlnx. which resulted In the death
of Mr. J. F. Gray, an old-time carpenter of this city. He was .struck by a
taxicab while he was standing and waiting for a street car at the corner of
Cypress street and Fourth avenuo west.
The chauffeur, R. Toynbee, was arrested
Immediately   after  the   fatal  accident..     ,    _.	
He and Mr. A. B. Cody, manager of Klneslev
the Reliance Auto Company, were on thel - " J*
front seat or the machine, and K. E.
Qasnon, Mrs. E. A. Bharpe and Miss
Constance Sharpe were In the cab. At
the Inquest lt was shown that for about'
a block the taxicab had been following
a westbound Fourth avenue car; Arriving at Cypress street the car stopped
to allow passengers- to set off. There
was another automobile near the front
of the street car. The chauffeur turned
to the right, cutting across tha tracks
behind the westbound car. Seeing another street car approaching from the
West he found It Impossible to get
around tho first car, so he turned to tho
extreme right. Applying the brakes until the wheels locked and twisted, the
taxi was brought to a sudden stop, but
not before Mr. Qray had been knocked
down. Tho jury found that the unfortunate man had met his death by an
automobile In charge of It, Toynboe,
through neglect tn running his machine
on the wrong side of the street.
- The late Mr.. Gray was wall and favorably known as a good oltlsen.    Be
issues in a municipal campaign. Comrade Kingsley was emphatic ln his
approval of the step, and Bpoke at
length on the. question. He said
that actual experience In administration was a prime necessity for the
workers, and the sooner they set
about acquiring domination In social
adminlstraton, the sooner would their
ultimate object be attained
After further discussion, Comrade
Kingsley moved: "That this local
Is In favor of entering municipal politics, and that a committee ot three
be appointed to draft a manifesto.'
Comrade Burroughs moved an
amendment; "That all locals In the
city be asked to meet to consider the
question." The chair ruled the
amendment out of orded, and the motion carried. Comrade Burroughs
then moved: "That a mass meeting
of all locals ln the city lie called to
consider the question In all its
aspects."    Motion lost.
Comrade W. W. Lefeaux moved:
"That the committee of three be instructed to explain the position ot
this local to Local No. 1." Motion
Tbe foregoing motions and amendments were lost on the ground that
lt was better to wait until the
delegation from Trades and Labor
Council had interviewed Local No. 1
Committee on manifesto: Comrades
Squires,   and W. W. Lefeaux.
The central labor body committee
visited Local No. 1 8. P. ot C. on
Tuesday evening last and repeated the
enquiry made of Local 68.
By a vote of 13 lo 11, Local No. 1
decided to take no part ln the coming municipal campaign.
The Finnish local will be visited
by the council delegation during the
coming week.
council should do something, have now
be a live organsatlon In the building
Industry In future. A great deal ot
work lies ahead the Building Trades
Council to do, such as the Inspecton of
pay-rolls on school work, getting after
the city council regarding their "fair"
wage scale, and the organising of laborers, carpetlayerB, and other men
working in and on buildings who are
at present unorganized.
Canadian Cooperative
- According to the Canadian Go-Oper>
ator, a Brentford, Ont, pubUcatlea,
there are only fourteen co-opentive
societies in affiliation with the Cooperative Union of Canada. Ontario
leads with live—Guelph, Preston,
losal. SL Thomas; Civil Service Sap-
ply, Ottawa; Twin City, Berlta. Nova
Scotia Is nett In line ot provisoes
with tour—British-Canadian, Sydney
Mines; Workmen's Stor, Dosstaioa;
Inverness; Glace Bay. Third In place
is Quebec, with three—L'Aveair da.
Magog, Magog: Industrial, Valley-
field; Lachlne Loess.   Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan PUfthaslng, Broadview;
and New Westminster.
Man and Machinery.
Man learned the uses ot steaas sad
electricity and how to apply them to
his needs. Today hs stands aghast at
the monster machinery ot production
that his energy and knowledge haw
brought forth. But today he Is governed by It, enslaved by Its productiveness. The machinery has turned
into a curse where It should bo a
blessing. However, the mind of man
will yet turn the productiveness ot
machinery to his own benefit, marking the next step necessary to his
freedom. The private owne^hlp ot
the machine has created the newer
slavery—industrial slavery. The social ownership of the machines will
bring the newer freedom—industrial
freedom.—Peter Klnnear.
"When machinery was Invented the
ruling class, who became the owners
of the machinery, found that It wss
more profitable to pay wages to a laborer when they wanted htm and let
him shift tor himself when they did
not want him, than to "own" him sat
be responsible for his livelihood, Then
they decided that chattel slavery, ot
human beings wss 'wrong.' Tbe eternally right thing, to their minds,
came to be free competition, laborers
competing for Jobs, capitalists competing ln the sale ef the goods
produced by wageworkers."
Chas. Deny, for the put II years
or so a sojourning printer on the
Coast, Is here. He was a candidate
against President Lynch, of the International Typographical Unon, seme
years sgo, and caused consternation
in the administration camp of the
day. Charlie Is one of the best-known
compositors on the continent. In alt
probability he will settle down for
life in Vancouver, provldng he esa
get used to the tall buildings sad
the smsll type.
8. O. P. Meeting:
Vancouver Local of 8. D. P. will
hold a public meeting tomorrow (Sunday) evening, in the Labor Temple.
leaves eight children and a widow to
mourn hla loss. The family are pretty
well grown. He was a member of the
Carpenters' union.
If the union men of Vancouver expect employees to oonoede
union shop wages and working conditions, they must expect
to buy the products of such factories, other conditions being
equal.   The quality of
is indisputably the best on the market for the money. Ask
your dealer for Buck Brand and,enjoy the satisfaction of a
union-made, well-made, made-in-Vancouver garment.
Wm. i. McMaster & Sons, Limited
1176 HOMER ST.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $ 11,500.000
Reserve 12,500.000
Total Anets 175,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and. your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
Head Offloa Vancouver, B.O.
Authorised Capital...
aabserlbad Capital...
Bald Up Capital	
...    830,000
Tho Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed In It
by the people, and It Is always
. ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management.
Tour account vary eeidlelly
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts.
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
villa St l-     .1.  '.
Pender St.  Branch,  Cor.  Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing' so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your'future welftre
and-happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We,
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize ib
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1865 -
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St West
Cor. Hsstings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    . B.O.
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
•J It Standi (or all that Union
Labor Standi lor.
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor TiMr*Li        phone sky. 440i>
Velours and Felts of all oolors
CAPS and
135 Hastings Straet E.
The Home of High-Clau
Where Everybody Goes
i b.c. mam
Published weakly by The B. C. Federatlonist, .Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organised wags-'
Issued every Saturday morning.
yasa-lai Bdltori St. Barmatet Betttylaea
Offlcs:   acorn SIO, Saber Temple
«eJ. Say. SSSO.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;   In Vancouver City, $1.26;   to unions subscribing ln a body, 75 cents.
1 Inch, per Issue Tic      $0.76
2 Inches, per Issue 70c 1,40
3 Inches, per Issue 60c 1.80
4 Inches, per Issue 66c 2.20
6 inches and upwards 60c 2.60
Transient advertisements, 10c per line;
subsequent Insertions, fin ner line; 14
lines to the Inch. _
Correspondence from unlona and unionists Invited.
'Patty ef tabori the hops of tha world."
PAPER.   If this number la on It
your subscription explrea next Issue.
The duty of the trades union
movement of today Is to agitate, educate and organise. This Is admitted
by all schools ot thought and activity
In the labor world.
Such a programme does not mean
that the unorganised workers must
be herded together and stampeded j
Into a strike, on .the strength of all
kinds of promises. It alma rather to
do exactly what the slogan implies;
Agitate, educate, organise!,
Before the organised labor movement can hope to accomplish very
muoh it must have not only organisation, but education. The agitation
will follow as a natural sequence.
Because ot the rapid Introduction of
the modern machinery ot wealth production the skilled worker has to
large extent lost his grip when lt
comes to wringing better terms from
the employing class. It Is now a
much easier task for the employer to
replace strikers than heretofore.
First because the government, as the
executive ot the employing clsss, haa
developed a liberal Immigration
policy, wblch has resulted in an overstocked labor market. Next because
the machine has reduced to a dead
level the productive power of the
Under such circumstances, therefore, the strength of trade or federated unions in future will depend upon
numerical strength rather than ability
to withhold necessary skilled labor
from toe market.
With the line of demarcation he-
tween hitherto craft unions almost ob-
lltered by the machine and the consequent massing of unionists into fewer
and bigger organisations the necessity
ot eduucatlon along correct lines becomes more and more apparent to students of the International labor movement.
A recognition of this basis gives to
every union a starting point. Wlthn
such premises there can at least be
some question as to the wisdom ot
unionists forever looking for a scrap
with the boss, except In esses ot .self-
defence. If the organised workers are
to recruit the large numbers necessary
to attain their ends, .there must be
more time,, money and energy de-
voted to that purpose, and less to
carrying on a guerilla warfare that
leads to nowhere, ot which there has
been altogether too much tn British
Columbia for the past year or two.
Every union treasury In this province
should be depleted ln a supreme effort
to organise and educate the' wage-
workers of the mines, mills, factories,
and various Industries ot this province; not tn encouraging men to
strike for the sake of striking. Let
there be some definite object In view,
and the union movement bullded and
directed to tbat goal.
The powers ot state, Including the
militia, the policemen, the codrts, the
judges, the Jails, the penitentiaries,
the press, the pulpit, the civil service,
and all that the machinery of government implies, are today ln the hands
of the employing class. The workers,!
on each succeeding election day, have
made such a condition possible, and
are even yet perpetuating, ln this and
every other province of the Dominion,
the folly cf expecting concessions
from legislative representatives of the
Manufacturers' Association, and railway, mining, lumber, elevator, and
other corporations.
The employers have not only organised themselves Into associations, but
their Industries hsve been so highly
and perfectly organised that competition has been praatlcally eliminated,
and the output of their respective commodities. Is regulated to meet the requirements of the market. The visible
supply Is kept at a point where the
unwritten law ot supply and demand
does the rest.
In direct contrast, the competition
between Job seekers has been aggravated and increased to auch an extent
that It Is well nigh Impossible for the
workers to maintain their previous
standards of living, let stone secure
advantages or participation In some of
the benefits ot their Increased productivity as wealth producers, as the
result of the Introduction of modern
machinery and the extended application ot the forces of Nature.
It would seem, then, that the activities ot the workers must soon be
transferred to the task of securing the
powers of state, so that they may be
able to write and enforce laws that
will meet these new requirements.
This because then can be no further
progress without It
Premier McBride and his colleagues
hav* done absolutely nothing for the
wage-wnrjksrs of B.C. tor the past
three years. They have not even
deigned to enforce "labor"N laws already writ upon the statutes.,
The B. O. Federation of Labor has
held two annual conventions at Victoria. It will hold a third one In'tbe
Capital City In January next, Just
prior to the opening of the B.C. legislature.
The Federation Is organized to do
for its affiliated membership what its
membership gives it the power to do.
It has, in less than three years, affiliated with lt practically every union
and unionist In British Columbia, a
dues-paying membership of some
The last convention decided, to sub.
mlt tbe question of the adoption of the
Principles of socialism, as Its ultimate
aim and object, to a referendum vote
ot the membership for approval or rejection. This was done, and the
Federation unequivocally, and over
whelmlngly decided that such a programme would meet Its needs and requirements.
But the Federation cannot stop with
such a declaration of policy. It must
be-followed with an organisation aiid
educational campaign that will secure
results.. \     '
As to Just how best to go about the
accomplishment of such a stupendous
task, In the shortest possible time, Is
one of the subjects that wi)l require,
the best thought and consideration Of
the delegates who will be elected, to
attend the next convention.
The Federationist Is in receipt of
many letters favoring the Federation
of Labor going directly Into the political field on Its own account and under
Its own banner. Others point out,
with some, degree of truth, that the
Socialist party Is not an organisation
outside the wage-workers, but Is, In
fact, the wage-workers' own party, and
that It Is already here to meet the requirements of the situation, But,
truth to tell, it does not seem te nil
the bill, It lacks numbers,, organisation, the machinery for the maintenance of a political party. The Federation of Labor has all save a proper
understanding, on the part ot a large
portion ot Its membership, of the task
-that lies before the working dais.
And there the matter stands!1
Something will be done, because
something -must be done, The
unions of this province have reached
a place xhere they must take a
chance on a forward move or die of
dry rot, apathy and cowardice, aided
and abetted by a government-assisted
importation of Jobless men, women
and children trom all quarters of the
For these and other reasons that
mlgh't be cited the next convention ot
the B.C. Federation of Labor will be
one tbat will write history In the provincial labor movement; be the final
results of Its deliberations what they
The question Is often asked, "What
Is a great man!"- It Is always an interesting question and the answers to
It are always Interesting, says the
Chicago World.
If a GREAT man must be a GOOD
man, .then there are many FAMOUS
men who oan not be called GREAT.
Some of the biggest rascals that ever
escaped the hangman's noose have
been famous. But it Is one thing to be
famous and another thing to be great
Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar,
Napoleon the First—here we have famous men. Every schoolboy thinks
of them as heroes of slory. But many
people nowadays refuse to call Alexander or Caesar or Napoleon a "great"
We are beginning to see that no
man ought to be called "great" -unless
he was also a "good" man, a friend of
Alexander and Caesar and Napoleon
were warriors. Bach of them made a
life business ot war. Bach ot them
planned war, started war, ended war,
and'began war apew, and lived WAR
from the beginning to the end of his
lite. These men were experts In human, slaughter.
It Is not a great action nor a good
action to kill ONE man. We call that
murder and the man who does It we
call the worst of criminals.
But ln our history tbe warrior who
kills a MILLION people and wastes
aad crushes human lite by wholesale
Is often recorded ss a hero and a
"great" man. Alexander the Great
should be changed to Alexander the
Great Butcher of Men.
We are changing our standards.
The day Is almost here when we recognise that the great man Is the man
who saves human life and makes human life more worth living.
Labor unions are Just exactly wbat
their membershp make them.
The most Interesting "news" of
every modern dally newspaper Is the
"copy bluue-penciled by the city
For the flrat time In the history of
the local organised labor and socialist
movement the workers will take a.
hand. In municipal elections ln January
Thanks to the activities of private
employment sharks the civic tree
labor bureau, established In 1911, has
been relegated to the scrap heap by
Gold-chain Flndlay.
"A labor organisation's greatness
does not Stone depend upon Its numer-
teal strength, but upon the education
of Its membership towards affiliation
with other crafts, and knowing why
they are organised."
The strongest argument la favor of
the workers going Into municipal poll-
tics Is the strenuous opposition given
the proposal by old-party politicians,
backed by civic contractors.
Once more Premier McBride has
announced that the Iniquitous poll tax
of |S per year, Is to-be abolished. Like
the royal commission promised to
Inquire into labor conditions throughout the province, lt is still to be.
Judging from recent events at the
Capital City, the delegate at the last
convention of tbe B.C. Federation of
Labor*wbo prophesied that Bro. Webb
might some day be created King's
Painter, was nae sa' Hellan.
Wage-workers must learn to organise and educate before plunging into
a guerilla warfare with employers
which lands the strikers Into the position of beggars within a weak. It
takes more than noise to wring concessions from profit-mongers.
Competition bas been practically
eliminated from the sale of every commodity except that ot labor-power.
So far the government cold storage
plants have not been utilised In tbe
preservation of the only thing the
workers have to sell.
Color schemes sometimes work out
peculiarly. The Redness ot the delegation that composed the Guelph convention of the Dominion Labor Congress has caused a Greenish hue ln
the vicinity of Hamilton, Ont, and a
Bluish tinge around tho sanctum of
the Labor Snooze of the same city.
The SLander-ous part of lt, too, la
that the present complexion seems to
suit the unton membership of Canada,
with prospects of a development Into
firecracker Red., "■
Montreal unionists will have been
well advised If they eliminate, at the
next convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, the' time
usually given over to old-party politicians to talk a great deal upon subjects they know very little about At
Guelph some two days was given over
to such a waste of time and patience.
It would not only save a tot ot time to
the delegates, but lt would prevent a
host of lies being told to men who
know them to .be lies. Old-party
sophistry and punk economics are
some of the things the Congress can
get along without
If the federal Department ot Labor
concedes the request of the executive
council of the Trades and Labor Congress of, Canada a royal commission
will be appointed to Investigate the
conditions of the. steel mills and plants
of Nova Scotia. It statements officially made at the Guelph convention,
as to the employment ot company
police to trail union organisers and
the deplorable working conditions of
the slaves In captivity of the steel
trust be only halt true, there are
likely to be some startling revelations
made as a result of the Inquiries snd
publicity given, of the proposed
governmental commission.
Cards inserted for 21,09 astonth
Meeta In annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1112-1$: President, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs, B. D. Grant, 3. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Siverts,
J. 3. Taylor; aec-treaa., V. R. Mldgley,
.Box 1044, Vancouver.
Meeta flrat and- third Thtrredeys.
Executive board; 3. Kavanagh, preaident;
John McMillan, vice-president: R. "P.
Pettlplece, aeeretary; Jaa. Campbell,
treasurer; A. Beasley, statistician: J. H.
McVety, aergt-at-arms; F. -Ar Hoover,
W. J. Pipes, J. W. Wilkinson, trustees.
every Monday.   President, P. Sabln;
vice-president,   Jaa.   Bttcon;   aeeretary,
John McMillan, Labor Temple.
—Meeta aacond Monday In month.
Preaident, E. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; aeeretary, A. H. England.
P. O. Box SS.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J, H.
McVety. Jamea Brown, Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J, W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettfbleca. John •McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, J, H. Mc-
Vety, Boom III, Bey, H60,       ,
Say. 2008,
_._ Jolnsra—Room- $01.
Say. 210$. Bualneaa agent, J. A. Key;
office hours, $ to s a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, l$l Raymur avenue,
Branohea meet every Tuesday and Wed-
nesday In Room $0$.   ,  -1-'
tloners' Lojoal No^ 46
..u.isra    uyisti   no,   10—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:10 p.m. ~
Want,   J.   Kujnalrrt
"p.m. "Pres-
""   "    r-or-
responding aeeretary, W,
Rogers, Room 220, Labor
sola! secretary, P. Robin-
rs flrat and third Wednesdays, 8:80 p.m.
President, « E. Herrltt; recording sec-
detary. Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business agent, C. F. Burkhart 488 Abbott
Btreet, „8a.v, 2176.
Meets flrat and third' Sundays ot
each month; 7:80 p. m., Room 206. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. MacDonald: treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey, 468 (Yale Hotel).       !■
British Columbia Division, C. P. Bye-
tern, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80* a.m.
, third Sunday tn month. Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell; Box 482, Vancouver. Local sec-treas,, A. T. Obers,
Box 488, or 1008 Burrard atreet
The Brewery Workers, Miners,
Molders, Machinists, Blacksmiths,
Car Workers, Printers, Pressmen,
Switchmen, Cigar Makers, Painters, Iron Workera, Plasterers, Carpenters, Bookbinders, Shoe Workers, and Plumbers are among tbe International trade unions to contribute
to the United States Socialist Party
campaign fund this year. The Brewery Workers voted $1000, and while
the others put up lesser amounts the
testimony to th* growing solidarity ot
the organised working class is worthy
of note. The workers are beginning
tb appreciate the need of financing the
patty of their clsss. Every penny received Is published ln- the monthly
Bulletin of the party, showing where
the funds came from and how expended.
The local dally press hsd no difficulty In discovering and announcing ln
scare head lines that the prince ot
takers, Dowle's successor at Zlon City,
addressed a few hundred people at the
Empress theatre last Sundsy afternoon, with due-emphasis on the tact
that "socialists"—sure, who else could
It bet—had resented public misrepresentation ot their position ln a public
meeting. But the mass meeting of
workers, jammed to the very roof, ad-
dressed the same evening ln the same
theatre by Com. Fltsgerald, was easily
overlooked by the same reporters and
press. The meeting together of some
3000 working men on a Sundsy evening to discuss .their own affairs Is of
no concern to the press that Is always
willing to make a mountain out of a
mole hill when lt comes to doing any-
thing that may throw discredit or disrepute upon the 15,000 or 16,000 social-
lsts and unionists ot this province.
Ontario "Sand Rats" Win 0-Honr Dsy.
The  International  Molders'  union
throughout the province ot Ontario
and Joiners, Local No. 617—Meets
Monday, of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A.-Paine: financial secretary, L,
H. Burnham'. Room 804,   Beyy 1880,
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meeta Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m; President
Wm, Robertson: recording secretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colllncwood Eaat; flnancla,
secretary, J. A, Dickenson, South Van*
couver P. O.; treasurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage,
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m„ Room
307.    President, James Haslett; corres-
Eondlng secretary, W. S. Dagnall,, Box
3; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent. W, S. Dagnall, Room
215.   Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vanoouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets flrat and third Mondays,. 8 p.m.
President F. Barclay, 368 Cordova East;
seoretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street.
- Meets flrst Tuesday eaoh month, 8
p.m. President Robert J. Craig; aeeretary, J. C. Peuser, Kurts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnson.
. 213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President. W. P. Carr; vice-president, Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A, A, McDonald, 5 Lome atreet eaat; financial secretary, Harvey Bauder; treasurer, H. H. Free; press aeeretary, Arthur Rhodes: business agent H. A.
Jones. Room 207. Labor Temple.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. president S, B.
Duff; recording aeeretary, L. R. Salman:
treasurer and bualneaa agent F. L. Est-
Inghauaen, Room 802.   Bey. 8$48,
Meeta aecond and fourth Tuesdays
of eaoh month. President J- Fox; vlce-
prealdent Wm. Thompson: financial aeeretary, Wm. Worton; secretary. A. O.
Rattier, 426 Dufferln atreet' Telephone,
Fairmont 1228.
ASSOCIATION, No, it x 62—Meets
every Friday evening. 121 Water atreet
President B. Hughes; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, lis Water street
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:11 p,m.
President Robt Thompson; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. a McVety.   Sey. MM.
Decorators', LocaI_ 138.—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m.   Preaident H. Murry:  flnanolal  secretary,  F.  J.  Harris,
1688  Robson  St.;    recordln~  *—
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. ]
buslneaa. agent W. J. Nagle,
"recording 'aeoretarV,
' " 0. No, $, Box 3;
-   every Tuesday. 8 p.m., Room' 221.
President   T.   Burkes;  secretary,  Mike
Knelling, 182 Richards .atreet
No. 280—Meets every Thursday. 7:80
p.m., Room 202. President H, Spear:
recording secretary. Jaa. Jamleson, 121
Drake- atreet; flnanolal secretary, Ed.
report splendid progress towards the
establishment of a nf *"~
(nlneiour work day,
Flndlay Is evidently anxious to get
another opportunity to instruct Ignorant ptjllce to heat and ride down men
and women guilty of no other crime
than a public discussion of the unemployed.
Flndlay will have an opportunity,
during his 1913 campaign, ot meeting
on the platform some of the workers
he was Instrumental In clubbing two
weeks after his election this year.
A pap-r purporting to voice the
needs and requirements of Labor and
at the same time carrying political
advertisements of old-party candidates
for office, should be watched with suspicion by unionists.
Stewart, B.C., Mlnsrs Win.
The disagreement reported last
week between the Stewart Miners'
Union and the Portland Canal Tunnel
Co. has been adjusted. Secretary CaS.
Davis, of Local 181, W.F. of M„ wires:
"Everything settled; we win."
Industry's Tell In Canada.
Industrial accidents occurring to 303
Individual work people In Canada during the month of August, 1912, were
recorded by the Department of Labor.
Of these STwereJatal and 806 resulted
ln serious Injuries;
Simpson A.P, of L. Delegate.
James Simpson has been elected by
Toronto District Trades and Labor
Counoll as Its delegate to the Rochester convention of the American Feder-
a .on of Labor next month.
Another Head In "Red's" Basket.
The United-Brotherhood of Carpenters snd Joiners ot America, representing 180,000 trade unionists, have
demanded that any official of L.e Carpenters' union who Insists upon remaining a member of the National
Oleic Federation shall at once withdraw from that organisation. The action ot the" carpenters Is tn line with
that taken by the United Mine Workers of America, who some months ago
compelled John Mitchell to resign
from the Civic Federation. "Bill"
Huber has announced his retirement
from the Brotherhood presidency at
the end of his present term, and has
also decided to' resign from the
Branch—Meeta second and fourth
Tuesdays, 1 p.m. President Fred Rumble; correspond^- secretary, James Ray-
burn: flananclal aeerstary, Wm. Jardlne,
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
^Meets_. Labor   Temple,_  second, and
imployees. Pioneer Division No. 101
-..its   Labor   Temple,   second   snd
fourth Wednesdaya at 2:46 p.m, and flrat
and third Wednesdays, $ p.m. Praaldant
H. Bchofleld: recording aeeretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 171, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A, Hoover,
2408 Clark drive,
178—Meetings held flrat Friday In
each month. 8 p.m. president, H. Nord-
land; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
608; financial aeeretary, L. Waklay, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 82—Meets. first and third
Wednesdaya each month. 3 P-m. Presl-
dent R. Neville; secretary, P. O, Heauke,
Suite 1, 110$ Woodland drive,,	
Meets laat Sunday each month, 2:20
p.m. Praaldant W. */. Armstrong; vice-
president tt W. Palmer; aeoratajy-trsaa-
urer, R. H. Nealanda, P.O. Box II,
Imperial Wine
64 Cobdova Street West
Phone Set. 965
Direct Importers of
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake In buying Jaeger Brand.
TB. Cuthbertson
MS Hsstings W.  (SO Oranvllle
•II Hastings W.
The Han Who Puts Wear Before
Style in His Shots
is spt to get the advantage of a moderate
price instead of a high one> provided he
chooses his store right. A men would be
well advised to come here and see .these
shoes we have just unpacked.   They are
not deficient in good looks but their chief
interest lies in the fact that each pair can say "I am solid leather
and made to give good service,"
$3.35 for men's box calf bluchers with standard screwed and
sewn soles, leather lined, broad, easy last,
93.00 for men's velour calf bluchers with stout sewn soles.
$3.00 for Men's Russia calf bluchers with sewn soles.
Boy's Box Calf Bluchers; Solid wear, suitable for everyday or best.
Sites 1 to 5 for $1.65       Sizes 11 to 18 for $1.35
Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 for $1,00
David Spencer, Ltd.
"'■s /\A AAA i
a /\ A /\/^A-
A A A A A A /
Is Honest Clothing
*> It stands for real value In qual- '
tty of cloth   trimmings and workmanship—and Is guaranteed to keep
Its shape.      v
Just take a look at your own.
Does It -fix on the shoulders and
around the collar? .Has it held Its
proper shape In front? That Is
where Campbells Olothlnf stands In
a class by Itself.   Let t» ihoy you.
The Campbell Clothing Man.
23 Hastings Street East
Stoves and Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters'Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies! -
Mechanics' Tools
Including "The saw that has no equal"
Sole Agent* for Vancouver ,
111 Hsstings It W. Phone Seymour 204
Hardware and Tools
 — ' . 1 '-.
H A Splendid stook of the best in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
7 Hsstings Street West Phone Seymour 684
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards onSale
Are You Satisfied ?
Printing that Pays
Q If you hsve any doubt about ihe
quality of your printing, call or phone
us.   We can help you.
E. T. Kingsley
Labor Tempts, £atrsnce oa Homer St.
We Print the B. C.Federationist
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Mlnsrs' Magaiine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
patronize   b   o.   t-ederationist
_    Of America rQ>*r
eewsKiMT amei HUKMsHTmo itoa
Week End Trips
Every worklngman needs rest and change.  It's true he can't
'   take a winter trip to Southern California or an extended trip
te the resorts in the rockies, but he should, as for as his time
.     and money-permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a 'day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It is to meet the workingman's case that the B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged for week-end hips, at reduced rales, over Ihe Fraser
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday and Sunday, good lo return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
. Trains leave Csrrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.; 12:15 and 5
p.m. Traini reluming from ChilUwack are so timed "that the
round Hip may be made in a day with a stopover ol several hours
m_mtt_m_m_m r3ATntolY.......;....bCT6BBii is, ma
Come and View New At-
 lil'f     i     i  . ,. . i     r. ;■       .    '     il'     '; ■ \        "    . , '   .     ■''..*''.■■'
rivals in Women's Tailored
Advance fan styles aw now o .
oa display In ths Salt Depart- ^
ant, Itany saw faatoraa are ""*
to be forma. Ike salts are * sa
rather varied la styles, aoata I I
(avotuf tha ss reM MJaoh \J
laBfthT Tha belted style Is
much la evidence sad the oat.
away, atlU suite stroar, tatiw.
 .-.i=-—t (w (jUiJleadar
anna, whs skirts retain
straight Uaa elect avea w:
Wtrtifhl 11
%leata ai
*tttth of a
Ith of skirts has aot ohansad
yThnt the skirts an
wont from one to two laches
loafer. AU tbe new materials
are to he found, but tka ilk-
bea weaves are novelties la the
heavier fabrics. They coma In
whip cords Bedford cords ana
heavy oordad ekeviota, All
dlaroial. AU dlatonal weaves
are good aad many are to ba
round in tbe boneapana aa weU
aa the harder anifeaod materl-
ala. In colore havy again leads
tat tobaooo and seal brown at*
well thsnght of, and tha
tweeds skew r oomblnatlon of
several oolora.
$30, $35, $40, $45~|   S |    UP TO $65.00
(Sorbon Brpfcafc, fcttntfei.
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, 'ttC
t    -
A Storeful of New Autumn Merchandise  Is Ready to  Gr jet /You   Here
Especially attr JCtlv* sre the new
displays of Isnjswne dress fsb-
rics snd silkn ft* tbsnewseasorl.
Every wyntcd weave, every new
weave and eery Color are well
shown.   A visit tcfor Daylight
■ Department on the
rfloor will,
jecotri' floor will interest every
woman who. is planning a new
suit ,'or gown. May we nave the
pleasure of showing you our
handsome stock.
JAMES STA&K£?2ti?&
■ASirSTM sjtfc waa* ,     llsiweea Abbott and OatraU.
Ladies9 Knitted Coats
A natty coat in
W lovely shade
of fawn, made in semWfprfolk style, buttoning close up to neck
with belt to match.' Y'Bly comfortable and smart. Frioe s)7.5Q
309-315 Hastings
Street West
Should be Tailor-made and nude by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select front
FRED 1PKRRY L*bor TemPle Ta'tor
Corner Homer and Dunimuir Streets
Review of Congress
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open   from   9   a, in.   to S p. in.
Office Open Evenings Hours 9 to 6
s    DENTIST jS     \
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hailings
Patroni z e H o m e I ndustry
BY ASKING  , ■^ffijl|f%S  '      ON YOUR
F0R THIS . <^ti|ggfip      PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
~        Than $15000.00 Every Week
Ten "Fed." Sub Cards for $7.50
Order today—sell at $1.00 each and pay for When sold
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
'.   • Stock and Poultry ,-—.".
British Columbia^Grants Pre-emptions Of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at .
-■,'M PER ACRE? i
'..    TERMS:  Residence on the land for at least '-,. ...
two years; improvements to the extent ol $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two   ' ' '
yean, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $l'20) il .•   '
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6% ,
For Further Information Apply lo
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
, Buriaii of Provincial Information, Victoria
R. Ai Rigg, the permanent secretary
and business atent.of the Winnipeg
Trades. Council, and, the Vice-President of the congress for Manitoba,
dealt-with the'Ouelph Convention In
his report to lsst Council meeting, snd
ssld In psrt: ,
"I propose to deal with the general
features of the convention, believing
as I do that the Congress sessions fur
rush the very best criterion ot the'
development of organised labor In this
country. It Ib the. main artery
through which there pulses the life-
blood that feeds the organism generally designated as the labor movement. : It Is of. Importsnct that- we
[ahould take stock and ascertain when
[*e stand. This is revealed ln the resolutions submitted and passed upon.
jut It is of greater moment that we
should Ind ouut whither we are head-'
Ing, and tbls Is only discernible ln
the spirit whloh dominates the-members,, snd that struggles very Ineffectually for, expression in resolutions.
One very marked characteristic of the
Congress Is the lncressed respect In
whloh it Is held by the outside world.
This Is clearly shown by the attention
paid by tbe press to Its deliberations
and ultimate decisions, snd also by
the. Increasing numbers, who seek to
gain acoess to its platform. Regarding the last-named feature, I desire to
say that the time has come when the
Congress should reduce to narrow
limits the time allowance for fraternal
greetings, and old party political fame
' Prison wu Preferable,
"While in QUelph.we visited the
prison farm, and I will content myself
at present by stating that It was
somewhat commonly remarked that
the prisoners' appeared to have a
much more secure and satisfactory existence than, millions of the so-called
free, tolling class A delegate from
Sprlnghlll, N.8., stated on the floor ot
the convention that It was 'better to
be a criminal In' Ontario than a clal
miner ln Nova ScotuC One of the
outstanding features of the convention was the presence during the flrst
two days ot that veteran champion of
working class interests, the Grand Old
Man of tbe British. Labor Party—Keir
Keir Hardle Well Received.
"The spontaneous outburst of enthusiasm With which he wss greeted,
the breathless Interest and vociferous
applause accorded his utterances,'
both on the convention floor and In
the public meeting held on Tuesday
evening, betokened the heartfelt appreciation of his services to the cause
of International working class Interests. But It did more than this. It
revealed how closely the mind of the
Canadian labor movement approximates to tbat ot Great Britain. A few
years ago the word Socialism wss
tabooed.In Congress conventions, and
Its advocates dubbed dangerous fanatics whose Influence muust at all costs
be curbed. Today Socialist sentiment
dominates the Congress and a general
desire expresses Itself In favor of the
solution of the problem of securing the
solidarity of the working class along
Independent political lines. It Is
utterly Impossible for one to attempt
to convey to you any adequate conception of the Influence exerted by Keir
Hardle upon the. minds of the convention delegates. The germ of socialistic thought received a powerful quickening impulse of life and the day of
realising the consolidation of the present divided political forces of the
working class Into one overmastering
organisation brought perceptibly
Value' of Congress to Labor Movement
"In' endeavouring to estimate the
worth ot the Congress to the labor
movement It seems to me that It has
two principal values. First, and most
obviously, It acts as an agent for giving expression to the voice ot labor
concerning legislative demands. Secondly, as the most effective machine
at the present time for giving direction to ihe consolidated labor move
ment. '„.     .'
"In this connection the congress
must be estimated,- not'according to
Its immediate value, hut as a factor
making for a stage of development
when the working class will no longer
he exploited, but when every toller
shall be economically free. In this
sense the Congress has a value not
merely tor what Is, but what Is to be.
As every new movement must, the
labor movement Is making the men
qualified to give it prestige and ensure
a policy of success. The problems
that confront' us challenge the best
thought- and stimulate the maximum
ability. And these high qualities concentrate themselves upon the con
grass convention floor.
Influence of Convention.
"The influence of the tonventlon Is
not measureable by the business
transacted at Guelph, nor even when
to this is added the efforts of the
CongresB execeutive throughout this
year. The Social co-operation and the
Interchange of thought-gave a wider
vision, a fresher Inspiration, and
more ardently determined spirit to
those present, and these will return
to their widely scattered centres of
activity radiating all over the Dominion something of this Influence
which they have Imbibed.".
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
Use Stave Lake Power;
and Reduce > Expenses
Office: 602r610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, BC        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
Between Ourselves
Vernon Typo, union sends along six
hits a piece for each of lta membership
this week, an example worthy of emu-
If halt the unions ln B.C. were to
subscribe -for The Fed,, in a body,
there would be no difficulty in securing and holding sufficient advertising
patronage to pay for an' eight-page
paper. Besides, The Fed. would be
placed ln a position which would make
possible the expenditure of more
money for good live labor news ot the
The Fed. Is with the workers when
they need assistance. The workers
should be with The Fed. In times ot In-
dustrlal truce.
Ten annual' sub. cards for 17,60.
Order fen today, and sell at Jl each.
Pay for cards when sold.
Bt. John, N.B., Machinists.
St. John, N.B., Machinists' union Is
drafting a new schedule of wages and
working conditions, which lt will present to the employers for consideration this month.
Technical Education In B.C.
The present system of technical
| education- aa a part of the public
school system Is to be considerably
widened In scopein British Columbia,
according to Dr. Qeorge Bryoe, who
has returned to Winnipeg from Victoria, where he had a long Interview
with Dr. H. B. Young, minister of education.
a business It must copy (where
original devise Is Impossible or Impracticable) the methods of other
business enterprises. ThlB last Is particularly applicable to our financial
system. 'i ." -
We cannot maintain conditions or
bring about betterment without money,
and money must be raised In a manner that Is not only lust, bUt that
goes a step farther, Is equitable. <
There are certain expenses,, those
ot parent bodies,' Internationals, that
are set; that Is, that can be compared
to the "overhead" or "fixed expenses,"
chargeable'to "maintenance," "wear
and tear," "tax," "insurance," etc., accounts of business enterprise. These
are justly covered hy per capita taxes.
Tbey are constant and not affected to
any great extent by varying local conditions because pf the scope and influence of International bodies, Where
there Is a slump In membership In one
locality there IB usually a corresponding
Increase In another sufficient to cover
varying conditions; so that the flat
rate /of tax to support the general
movement Is aa good as any that could
be devised.
: But for local purposes,"for the very
reason of varying employment, a flat
rate ot taxation Is unjust to the membership, and for that reason threatens
the welfare of both the International
and the "local unions. Conditions and
hours should be maintained by. the
general movement—public opinion—
but wages Is a matter of looal Jurisdiction, and as such must be paid for
out of the money earned locally.
By no method of money logic dan we
ask a man who, say, as a carpenter
makes $15 during a given week, to pay
the same amount for the privilege as
he who' earns 130 during the same
period of time. The extent lt protection Is not the same. Both get the
same hours of labor, during the time
they work, but not the same amount of
r-money for the week's time, snd it is
what you get ln your pay envelope on
pay day that pays "grocery hills and
enables you to meet assessments and
A percentage method of laplny local
taxes Is both lust and equitable. It
makes the man who Is steadily employed (gets all the benefit and protection possible out of the unton) pay the
hulk of local expenses. The mail out
of work pays nothing for the time he
Is earning nothing. When be does go
to work he haa no "dead horse'
count of accumulated local dues and
assessments against him to settle, and
as a result remains In good standing,
Instead of being read out ot the union
tor not doing what he cannot do.
Units in tbe Future. Great Indus-
trial Army Out to Win Industrial Freedom.
When a nation drills an army lt
doesn't "bunch" 10,000 men In one gigantic mob and teach'them how to
handle a gun, how to "keep step"
and how-to know other things con
nected with military life, observes the
Union Leader.
Instead, we find a small number
of recruits placed in charge of a
drill-master, and just as fast aa the
would-be soldiers acquire enough
knowledge they are attached to
company; regimental drills flnd the
increasing numbers ready to form a
brigade; then comes the divisions,
and finally the monster army corps.
All through this chain runs the
thought that the Individual and
flrst be taught to act with a few, and
the number increases as they become
intelligent and disciplined,
This Illustrates the "craft Bystem"
It unionism, as favored by the American Federation of Labor, and which,
experience has shown, Is best adapted to the needs and lite of American workingmen.
Under craft unionism, men form'
small groups, called "locals" or
"unions." They first learn to act and
move together; they acquire their
first idea of independence; they find
for the first time in their lives that
power giveB them confidence, and
they begin bettering shop conditions.
They interest fellow workers In
nearby towns. They ' spread the
thought throughout the state, and
Anally a convention Is called and a
national organisation Is formed.
Slowly, step by step, and many
times unconsciously, the men of this
craft find themselves drifting Into
more friendly relations with their
'fellows In other crafts working ln
the same' Industry. Tbls Ib the logical result of organization. In time
these crafts get together and form
what Is called a "department." These
organzattons give each craft the
right to manage their own Internal
affairs—wages, conditions, etc.—but
continually urge that no contracts be
signed unless contracts for all other
crafts tn the department are signed,
A craft cannot be stopped from signing a contract, for the American
trade union movement denies the
right of interference to every one. A
stronger, authority, however, than
force Ib being developed, and that Is
the unionism—the fraternity—of or-
ganlsed workers, who are stopping
this cut-throat policy through a de.
vetopment of Intelligence and the
Idea of ONENESS that naturally
comes through unity.'
So the craft unions are slowly
merging Into one body that will act
as one after the various crafts—the
units—have agreed between them-
selves as to wage rate and conditions.
To llluustrate the workings of this
system: The Metal Trades depart,
ment, for Instance, says that Machinists are better equipped to talk wage
scales and conditions for Machinists
than is the Boiler Maker or the Pattern Maker. But after the Machinist, the Boiler Maker and the Pattern
Maker settle between themselves
these questions, none should sign a
contract until all do.
In the railroads, In the printing In-
dustry, In the building branch and In
other Industries Is this plan being
worked out by men who see their
dentity of Interests, and who see
that only by federation can they
right wrong. But they also see that
this Is no more possible withrut numerous mistakes snd slow development through various grades, as
shown above, than lt Is to expect an
army to   act In concert without the
The Workers Forum
'Society" In Vancouver.
To Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—
With smiles of complacence on
their faces, and with envy, hatred and
uncharltableness ln their hearts, a
mob—that Is the only term that can
be applied—of Vancouver's more or
Snob It Opinion IxpnMtd by
Matlon Writer Wbo Favors
'   PeroeiiUge System.    :
Labor unionism Is becoming ■vWsi-   _ _ 	
ness—the business of the workers.' As+fess elite struggled for two hours to
■ " ' k»k at ease st.the reception to Their
Royal Highnesses. The flower ot
Vancouver's society was there, the
chief qualifications for guestship evidently being a pull with the powers
that be, books of disdain were east
by those.who possessed gowns with
trains on-those who wore ordinary
party dresses, and those who wore
silks and satins plsinly intimated by
their glances thst they did not con-
elder themselves In the same class as
those who were wearing dresses of
less expensive material. Supercilious
shrugs of the-shoulders and slgnlfl-
cant nods of the head, Indicated surprise that Mrs. Qo-and-So was present,
these little amenities being generally
reciprocated all-over the crowded
rooms where the "crush" wss held,
Some ot the guests chatted restrain-
edly and dropped their "g's" and "h's"
with the' most reckless abandon, and
fidgeted uneasily In their unaccustomed—and lh many cases borrowed
—garb. The Duke and Duchess, consumed with ennui, wearily nodded
their heads ss the guests passed In a
seemingly unending line, cogitating
how In thunder many of those present
had managed to evade the vigilant
guardians at the doors, or had managed to secure tickets for the affair.
Snobbishness reigned supreme. , Nowhere ltt Canada or on the American
continent could suoh an aggregation
of. women have been gathered together as assembled at the Vancouver
hotel that night. All the arts of the
dressmaker, the. hairdresser and the
make-up specialist were of no avail
to change the unprepossessing character ot some of those faces. Good
looks were decidedly at a premium.
It seemed as If a pretty face was a
handicap tut precluded the possessor
from securing a ticket for the reception, judging by the array ot unlovely
women who were present.
Comments could he heard on all
sides of "I am surprised to see you
here," with emphasis on the "here,
whioh - left the Impression that the
person making the observation was
cogitating as to how the other party
could have possibly secured an Invitation.
In the refreshment room some of
the guests were more at their ease,
although quite a number lined up at
.they were snatching a hasty repast
the buffet and behaved as though
a quick lunch counter. Men choking
In unaccustomed boiled shirts and
stiff collars, enquired if "them there
sandwiches contained '"am", or If
that there dark colored liquid was
"booze" or "soft stuff," and ladies of
wash-tub persuasion loudly whispered
their Intention of staying a little
longer and having some more Ice
cream, as lt was not every day they
could have, two or three dishes with
impunity. Thoroughly tjred, but
flushed with social aspirations at last
realized, and with the happy knowledge that they could now drop fre-
quent references about their introduction to royalty to their less distinguished friends, the heterogeneous
mass of humanity wended Ub way
home, well satisfied with the whole
proceedings, while the newspaper
representatives wended their way towards their offices, trying to figure
out a new set of adjectives to describe
the affair and to concentrate their
thoughts on what they, were expected
to write and to suppress their own
personal Impressions of the hollow
mockery of the whole business.
Another "Flndlay" at Edmonton.
The eight-hour day for civic employees has been restored at Edmonton by the city commissioners, after
the aldermen and mayor had legislated lt out of existence. Commenting
upon the mayor's action the Dally
Capital .editorially says: "For the
mayor to make it apparent tht he believes he can assure peace and stability In tbe labor world by marching
out platoons of police armed with
clubs and guns Is probably the best
evidence of his colossal Ignorance of
the thing with which he was dealing."
Pres. Hubsr to Retire.
William D. Huber, for thirteen
years president of the International
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, has declined nomination for re-election.
Advocates 8lx-hour Day.
'The Montana State Federation of
Labor has declared in favor of a six-
hour work day in the mines. Editors
and apologists who have never worked
underground are very much disturbed
over the "preposterous" proposal.
Teamaters and Chauffeurs.
The newly-organized Teamsters and
Chauffeurs' union ln Vancouver has
started off with 80 members. Local
officers are considering the placing of
a permanent business agent In the
field with a view to building up
sufficient membership to enforce new
working conditons and a raise In
Sunday Morning Mass Meetings.
Toledo Central Labor Body has com
menced holding a series of open mass
meetings every Sunday morning. Tln>
experiment Is meeting with much sue-
cess, and the ranks ot various unions
are being considerably recruited as a
result of the educational work accom
pllshed at the meetings.
Edmonton Bridge Workers Strike,
Ironworkers, bridge carpenters, and
other employees of the Canadian
Bridge Co., on tbe Edmonton, Alta.,
high-level bridge, are out on strike.
They demand CO cents per hour and a
nine-hour work day. The Structural
Iron WorkerB' union holds the key to
the situation, and the officers claim
that the labor market is ln their favor,
and they will therefore win.
Calgary Building Tradea Council.
Secretary J. E. Young, of Calgary
Trades and Labor Council, has submitted a proposition to affiliated unions
to organize a Building Trades Council,
Independent of the central labor body.
The question of- whether It shall be
affiliated with the A.F. of L. Building
Trades Department or remain a local
organisation will be submitted to a
referendum vote of the building trades
unions .affiliated, after the flrst ques
tlon has been decided.
preliminary training experience has
shown Ib absolutely necessary.
Craft unionism Is but a means to
an end—It betters conditions today,
hut, more than this, tt prepares work
ers before they sre merged Into the
Industrial army that takes years to
educate, discipline and equip,
To Builders Artisans art
These are Real Snaps-
Come and See
Stillson Wrenohes—18-in,
$1.85; 6-in. 85c; 8-in. 90o;
14-iii, 81.25. ;.':■.,'
Fast Boring Electricians'
' Bits,  in sets complete
(13) ■■■■■■. 85.50
Large sue Clark's Expan-
,   sive Boring Bits, np to
3-in.;...,.,..,; ...fLM
Special Cheapline in 4-in.
Japanned Butts; lOo pair
Per down pair.. ■ .f 1.00
All small sizes in Marple's Chisels Gouges—Values
up to 75c; each. .".  25o
Casement Adjusters; eaoh ". 30c
Casement Fasteners; eaoh  16o
Sash Locks, eaoh 5c      Drawer Pulls, each 5c
Cupboard Catches, 5c
Cupboard Turns, lOo
56-58-60 HASTINGS ST.  EAST)
Shasta for Service
Shoes  for Drees
Hone tit Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
THEJHOE TWT^^ AX|^ Look for the
si'Ki IAL13T    yfyf   m^jjT mLJjT J^esT   UiiiouStamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
rNUtl^    OH
Shooa for Coaafort
_Sho«s for Iverr Ke)C|ulrossiot
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
of every man who desires the best shoes his money can buy.
WT    .TI P P    204 MAIN STREET
•■' ).* .*»*'■*>*> Cworitetbe CftyHtf	
Natnod Shooa Aro rroo^rtontlr
Made In Non-Union f aetorloa
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable Impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoo Workora' Unlem
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    U. L. Bains, sec.-Trees.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited ■■■■■
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will da
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Union - Made
Certainly, every union man
who wears overalls should
wear only  union-made—the
' "Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
Whale Brand
fills the bill and answers
every requirement
Ask your dealer for them
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
We can furnish
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend?
Western Studio
424 Main St Formerly at 440
-,.,     TAxoor/Tas, a. e.     -■
XH O U S A N D 8
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll „... 20c
The People's Bookstore
1>2 Cordevs W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Bale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
9 These collars sre made out
of the best 3-ply linen, and
made into the latest styles and
shapes by experienced union
girls who receive a living
wage, union conditions snd
shorter hours.
Will send Catalogue on reque(t
6 for $1-12 for $1.75
Postage Paid lo any part of Canada
Inion Label Supply Co.
Labor Temple, 165 James Street
400 Vancouver Men
Have Invested in
Talbot Boiler Stock
After a thorough consideration of the
affairs of the Talbot Engineering Company, Limited, and a painstaking investigation of the Talbot Boiler, 400 hard-
headed Vancouver men have Invested in
shares of this Company.
The men who are. officers of this corporation are practical, hard-headed business men—every one. The .best mechanical, engineering, manufacturing and
business experience that could tie secured has been incorporated into the
personnel of our organisation.
Dividends depend on profits. Profits
depend. on demand and the difference
between the.cost of production and the
selling price, Talbot Boilers sell at the
same price of other boilers, but can be
built for very, very much less,
Our 44-page "Boiler Book"
FREE; Explains ALL
About TALBOT Boilers
Are you the man to Ignore auch an
Investment opportunity? Line up your
future with the Talbot Boiler. Talbot
Boilers are a success—-a wonderful success. Join the four hundred who are Insuring their future by investing in thlB
substantial, .permanent and, at the same
time, very profitable-enterprise.
If you cannot call at 220 Carrall Btreet
and see the actual demonstration of this
marvel in economy of not only fuel but
space, weight, wages and eost of construction, send the accompanying coupon
for our photographically illustrated
prospectus and Talbot Boiler book. Sent
postpaid, absolutely free.
Talbot Engineering
MO Oarrall I treet, Corner
YeUroOUTO) Ss o.
Berry Bros.
Asents for Cleveland Cycles,
■Ths Bleyole Willi the Befasetto*."
Full line of acceaaorles ■'
Repairs promptly executed
sis ausmtas st. a.
 Steal teysaaar Mas	
Harris Hair Tonic
Dandruff Cured or Honey Back
a. a iisisii mmx ao.
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*koae Seymour 4401
•BOOSTS BABBOWS BBIBOB construction will soon start. Buy now before
prices jump; four large lota left: only
a block from Waterfront, right at Sec*
ond Narrows: f6G0 each: quarter cash,
balance «, 12, 18 months. What will
these be worth when building begins?
Whltaker ft Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experts, 430 Howe atreet, Van.
' eouver.
Plenty of Union-made Hats
At the Leader $2 Hat"
Store, corner Hsstings
snd Abbott Sts. Hsrs
you will find every conceivable styls, color and
site ef union hate. You
havs unrestricted choice
of thousands ef hsts,
soft or stiff, to select
from st ens price—tt
—hare Instssd ef pay-
Ing more elesswhsrs.
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Eastings and
Abbott Streets
My Friend the Barkeep'
- By Msc
"Hello, Pal!" said tbe genial bar-
keep' the other evening, as I dropped
in casually to have a chat. "How are
tbey going?"
"Oh, fairly well," I replied. "How
are things with you?"
"Why, this Is my busy day," he
answered In his breesy way; "didn't
you notice my. announcement In the
society columns that this Is one of
the evenings that I'd be home to call-
ers, an', believe me, they're calling
all right, fleet I've had more nutty
guys ln tonight than I've had for an
age. I don't understand it; but there's
three or four nights ln the month
that some people have a screw loose
somewhere; msybe Its the change of
the moon or the weather, but Its
always been a mystery to me how It
happens. Now, for Instance, here's a
man that will come In every night
for severs! weeks snd tslk Intelligently on any subject, and.all at
once he shows up some night with the
greatest line of fool talk that ever
happened. Now If you've a lltttle
leisure time, just stick around for
awhile and see what turns up. Ah!
what did I tell you; see who ws
have with us.   Willy off the yacht!"
With the latter ejaculation I turn-
ed to see whom he wss addressing,
and as my eyes rested on the new-
comer I realised tbat the truth of the
Barkeep's remarks that there are people dwelling In our midst that on
certain periods, so tar as their mental
condition is concerned, are decidedly
"off.!'    .
The strsnger was a slim, delicate
man, with a high forehead and eyes
that seemed to burn with a feverish
fire; on his head was'a tall silk hat,
considerably the worse for wear; his
coat and trousers were much too large
for him, and clung to his slender form
like a wet sack.
As he approaced the bar he struck
a tragic attitude, and ln a deep voice
that seemed to come from hla shoes,
Bald: "I have arrove."
"I noticed that," said the Barkeep
"Yes," said the strange newcomer,
"I came unanimously. I came to shed
the light ot my presence on the kindred spirits gathered here."
"May I ask who we have with us
this evening?" asked the Barkeep.
"Ah! now you have It," exclaimed
he of the tall hat and tragic air. "I,
sir, I am the man, sir, that Wrote the
"I always understood that Julius
Caesar wrote the Almanac," said the
"No, sir! I wrote the Almanac, sir.
I, Junius Brutusu Boggs, I wrote the
Almanac, sir. The scribes gave the
credit to Julius Caesar, and I was the
victim of a foul conspiracy, sir; a conspiracy hatched by Cardinal Richelieu
and John L. Sullivan, a conspiracy to
deprive me of my lawful heritage, but
kind sir"—and here he dropped his
tragic air and lowered his voice almost to a whisper, "I seek a little
liquid refreshment to stimulate me,
sir, to stimulate me as i journey on
my way to seek Justice, sir."
"Oh! that's the point," said the Bar-
keep, as he poured out a drink. "Gee!
but we've been a long time coming to
"Ah!" said the stranger as he set
down the empty glass, "that was nee-
tor for the gods, and for your kindness, sir, I will make you famous.
Your name will go ringing down the
corridors of Time," and with a wave
ot his hand tile stranger passed out
Into the night.
"Well," ssked the Barkeep with a
smile, "how ..do you like it as far as
you've got?"-
"Is that a spsclment?" I queried.
"That's one ot the fifty-seven varieties," replied the Barkeep. "Now you
can guess what the others are like."
Just then we were interrupted hy a
tall Swede that all unnoticed had been
standing close by. "Say," he ssked,
"have you a job for me?"
"A job tor you?" replied the Bar-
keep. "No, I'm sorry to say that I
haven't, but hold on. Yes, I have, too,
and I think you're just the man tor
the piece. The boss has. just bought
a ranch up the coast, and be hss
shout seven thousand jackrabblts on
lt, snd he wants someone to go up snd
brand them."
The Swede received this Information with the stolid expression of his
kind, but after a while the true Import
of it dawned on him, and he woke up
with a start
"What's that?" he yelled. "Seven
t'ousan' yackrabblt? Aye want a yob,
but you tank aye ban a foxtarrler I
shall chase seven t'ousan' godam
yackrabblt," and with a snort of disgust the Swede vanished through the
Alter the smiles had ohassd themselves away, and my face had resumed
Its normal expression, I bade my
genial Mend goodnight and started
home firmly convinced that any time
I sought relaxation (rom the humdrum
monotony of business cares I knew
where to go and get It. ,
The Workers Forum
Bsneflts ef Single Tax.
Editor B.C. Federatlonist:—For a
considerable time I have been thinking along the line of Single Tax, and
In my poor Illiterate way I want to
ask your readers a few questions:
In the'flrst place, the single taxera
assert that taxation of land values Is
the correct form of taxation, because
the people settling on the land are the
people who Increase the value of the
land, and not the previous owner.
If all the Increased value belongs to
the people who live on tho land, then
I guess we must go back and see what
the value was before anyone lived
there, and we find It Is worthless to
the race before lt Is Inhabited, and all
the value belongs to those ln residence, and not to the landlord.
Oh", Oee! First thing I know I will
be finding out that my landlord Is getting something out of me for nothing,
and that the lot I am living on belongs
to me because I am making tt valuable
by living there.
I will try agsin. You should tax the
land because tbe people's residence or
coming into contact with that land
makes It of a given value, Let us see,
Does not the ssme apply to the groceries In the store? Does not the fact
of people wanting groceries place a
price on the same, and It by any
means no one wanted groceries, would
not the price fall?
Well, then, the contact of the people
to the groceries, to the goods In the
store, and the demand, raises the
price. Then we will tax the food ln
the store not sold.   Oh Lord!   Again
I am In a mess .
' We have get protection; now the
oovwon. MKinNo.
Boutin* and Legislative Work Oo-
oupy Attention of Dekgstes
in Busy Session.
New Westminster, Oct. ».—Regular
meeting Trades and Labor Council convened thla evening, Pres. stoney In the
chair,    .    . >.
Minutes or previous meeting were read
and approved.   -
Communleatlona wars'read aa follows:
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
Asking that we endorse the principle of
Industrial Unionism. Moved that thla
ba made a special order of business on
the laat meeting In November, and that
In the meantime the locals be asked to
take a referendum and report back to
the Tradea and Labor Counoll.
International Typographical Union—
Asking that We take action re unionising
the Curtis Publishing Co. Secretory Instructed to write Curtis Publishing Co.
and ask various locals to do the same.
- Tradea and Labor Congreaa—Giving
detailed financial report Filed.
SMpeo* el Oossmtttsaa.
Investigating committee re horse show
Job reported aa follows:
lew. Westminster  Tradea  and  Labor
Council: '
We, your committee eelected to in-
veetlgate the agreement made between
the u. B. of Carpenters and the Powers
Conatructlon Company whereby carpen-
tare on' the horse ehow building being
erected In Queen's Park would work
twelve hours per day. flnd upon Investigation that tne bualneaa agent of the
U. B. of Carpenters made an agreement
with the said Powers Construction Com-
fany to permit of union men' working
waive hours per day for atralght time
pay on condition that the carpenter work
on the horse show building be given to
strictly union men and strictly union
conditions would be observed after the
week that the life of the agreement
would .last.
We also flnd that the Powers Conatructlon Ceinpany had to have the horse
ahow building completed ln time for the
fair and also ware to receive a bonua of
I17S0 If the building were completed by
that time. Permission was granted to
tha Powers Company by the City Council
to work, more than' eight hours, provided that unton conditions with reference
to overtime were observed. We are of
the opinion that If the bualneaa agent
who negotiated the above mentioned
arrangement had made proper Investigation of the matter he would
have found conditions aa we have stated and 4ila union would not then have
deemed It necessary or expedient to have
entered into the agreement that It did.
We do-not think that the bualneaa agent
waa fully alive to the neceealty of properly safeguarding the Interacts of his
union, ana we believe that the union
itself acted with undue haste In endorsing hla action In the case. Further, we
hold that the U. B. of Carpenters should
have notified the Amalgamated Carpenters of their action at the earliest possible moment and we regret that thla
waa not. dens, no matter what the reason
may have been for the omission of this
simple act ef - trades union courtesy.
We would auggest that hereafter the
U. B. of Carpenters pay more attention
to these amenities and also be more
careful Id their scrutiny of the arrangements made by their bualness agent aa
we cannot Ignore the fact that they have
set what may be a troublesome" precedent In the matter of working overtime
at atralght time pay. We. regret that
the business agent of the V. B. of Carpenters did not attend the meeting of
your committee, although he waa aware
of the time and place of meeting, as he
appears to have been the one person
that might have furnished ub with the
exact Information that we sought In
concluelon We would suggest that both
bodies of carpenters, endeavor to work
more In harmony In the future for the
good of ail concerned.
Respectfully submitted.
Jl        W.,& MAIDEN.
Moved and seconded that the report
of the committee be adopted and recommendations be concurred In and that
thla be referred to the U. B. to be read
at their meeting.   Carried.      •    .
Labor Day Commit tee reported, recommending that we held a celebration on
Labor Day. Ills, aad that strong representation be made to the B. C. Federation to declare for a Provincial celebration to be held In New Westminster on
the above date. Also that each local be
asked to name two members to be added
to that committee.
Beporta of Onions.
Typographical Union—All working.
Have endorsed' Labor Day proposition.
Bro, R. A. stoney has been appointed
International Typographical organiser
for British Columbia.
Bartenders—No delegates present
Plumbers—All working.
Clgarmakers—All working.
St Ry. Braptoyeee-^Twelve new members.   Now a total of 645 members, pel.
Mclvor made a splendid report of doings
of Trades and Labor Congrese
' A. R. Carpenters—All working.
Barbara—Absent      .
Teamsters—All working.
U. B, Carpenters—All working.
Painters—All working; plenty of work.
Letter Carriers—All buay.
Del. Christie moves that aeeretary be
Instructed to memorallsa the attorney-
general re the Increase of pay far Jurors.
Moved and seconded that this body
endorse the action of the Barrlatera'
Association in asking that fall assises
be postponed to Nov. 14th:   Carried.
Moved and seconded that thla body
put a card In The Federatlonist, with
names of officers and dates of meetings.
Delegates Instructed to ask their lo-
clala to subscribe In a body for The
Federatlonist where possible.
8el. Hogg stated that it waa a hard-
i on delegates not to be able to die-
cuaa questions "without a motion while
under the head of new bualneaa. The
chair pointed out that we were acting
under Cushlng's Manual.
Del. Maiden, on behalf ef Types.,: pre-
inted the council with a framed no-
simile of the union labels of the unions
of this continent The fac-almlle was
accepted and a hearty vote of thanks
tendered to the Typographical unton for
. Moved that a committee be appointed
to gat'as many voters on' the list aa
possible and to- take up question of advisability of placing candidates in the
fleM at next election.
The matter of opening the olty library
on Sunday evenings waa brought up.
Action wu deferred until next meeting,
aa Library committee was reported aa
atlll working at It
.Moved and seconded that an entertainment committee be appointed to report on aeries of open meetlnga for the
winter montha,   Carried.
Committee for voters' lists —Dels.
Christie. Whltelaw, Smith, Bacon, Maid-
sn.        f        '
Committee .oa entertainment—Dele,
Knutaan, Grant, McLaren and Glbb,'
Moved and seconded that these com.
mltteee have sower to add to their members.   Carried.,
Bills were paaed as follows:   Secre-
Sry's salary, I months; 110,00: capita
Trades and Labor Congreaa, 17.74.
Receipts of evening, 117.60.
"The poll tax must go," so sslth
Chief Tomorrow.
"Jack" Csrswell, carpenter, wu
here from Edmonton the other day.
He hu been away trom Vancouver for
about fifteen years. *
Nelson Brotherhood ot Csrpenters
kicked In with a renewal of a bundle
ot 10 this week.
What Is your union doing or con.
trlhutlng to make The Fed, a bigger
and better exponent for Labor?
tax is sdded to the price ot the goods,
and we oan't buy.
Is it not reasonable that ths msnu-
facturing clsss, from the profits of
Industry, buy the land from the landed
elus tnd ths working clsss, because
they cannot meet the taxes, wilt add
the taxes to the eost or selling price
before you or I con buy,—— !
I must give It up, I started out to
explain the wonderful benelts ot
single tax; but goodness. I hope some
other good brother, will do, because
Henry George says It is there, only I
can't see lt
'......        , O. H. HARDY.
Nelson, Oct B. ,
w/nsw COLUMBIA■■■'--:
The British Columbia Provincial
Federation ot Ubor wss formally organised at a meeting held on May t,
1910. Delegates met at Ubor Hell,
Cordova street, Vancouver, B. C, rep-
resetlng the cities of Victoria,-New
Westminster and Vincouver, and
unanimously resolved that a federation shall "be organised to do industrially and legislatively what its affiliated membership gives lt the power
to do."  -
A call wu issued by Secretary Petti,
piece to hold a general convention st
Victoria on March U, Mil.
The first annual convention ot the
new B. C. Federation of Ubor was
called to order in Ubor Hall, Victo
B. C, at 10:30 a. ni., hy Christian __
verts, ot the Victoria Trades Ind Labor Council. Hs addressed the gathering at some length, extending a most
hearty welcome te the delegates. "You
present to the world." he said, "now
■ complete snd perfect Itbor movement, built trom ths foundation to the
top. We hsve sn organisation Hot appointed, but elected by the workers ol
the province to look titer their interests. We cannot gst the legislation
we want; nor can we resist the legislation that ws don't want unless ws
are organised tor that purpose, tnd
tor that reason this convention will
have its flrst task today." Mr. Slverti
closed a most Interesting address by
calling upon President J. a Wstters ta
take the chsir. Attar a few brief remarks, saying that "since the federation wss formed there wu ample evidence that It ni needed. It will be
but a short time before we will have
100 per cent of the unions of British
Following officers were elcted for
President, J. C. Watters, Vlctorit.
B. C.
First vlce-prestdenut, J. Wm. Wilkinson, Vancouver, B. 0.
, Second vice-president, R. A. Stoney,
New Westminster. B. C.
Third vice-president, Christian Si-
verts, Vlctorit, B. C.
Fourth vice-president Jas. H. McVety, Vancouver, B. Ci-.,
. General secretary, R. Perm Pettlplece, Vancouver, B, C..
Secretary-treasurer, Victor R. Mldgley, Vancouver, B. C.
Delegate to Trades and Ubor Congress ot Canada, J. C. Watters, Victoria, B. C.
' •   •   •
On January 23, 1011, tht British
Columbia Federation of Ubor held its
second annual convention tt Vlctorit,
B. O.
President Pierrot of the Vlotorit
Trades tnd Ubor Council celled the
meeting to order.
Christian Stverts on behalf ot or
ganlsed labor mtde a very optimistic address of welcome to the delegates.
Parker Willitms, M. P. P., tnd Hon.
Richard McBride, Premier, followed
with able addresses complimenting tat
Congress on their work.
■'■- Mayor Beekwtth welcomed the delegates from ill parts—and remote
parts—ot the Province. -'■'
Among the many resolutions carried wu one to take a plebiscite ot
the unions ot the Province regarding
the adoption of tht principles of Socialism.     N
Following officers for 1IU-U were
President—J. W. Wilkinson, Van
couver. ..'
Vice-Presidents—George A. Burt,
Nanalmo; B. D. Grant New Westminster; James H. McVety, Vincouver;
R. P. Pettlplece, Vancouver; J. Roberts, Moyle; ti. Slverts, Victoria; J.
J. Taylor, Ladysmlth.
Secretary-Treasurer—Victor R, Mid
Becretiry-Treuurer — Victor' R.
Mldgley, Vancouver.
Delegate to Trades tnd Ubor Congress of Canada—R. P. Pettlplece,
Fraternal Delegate to Washington
State Federation of Labor—James H.
McVety, Vancouver;
Declaration ot Principles.
The British- Columbia Provincial
Federation ot Ubor it organised for
tht purpose ot voicing the needs tnd
aspirations ot Ubor, legislatively sad
otherwise; tnd to provide a place
for worthy members of lta ttOllttad
unions to participate ln tht discussion of those practical problems upon
the solution ot which depends their
welfare u workert, individually tnd
With the Introduction of the modern machinery of production tnd the
harnessing ot the forties ot Nature, it
is only fitting that the wealth producers should participate In the bsneflts derived.
Ladysmlth, B.C., tub. list Is grow.
Inc. Ntw Westminster tnd Vlctorit
unionists are slmost sound uleep.
The miners up-country are adding t
few live onet each Week. Bot there's
plenty of room, for Improvement No
Kick In—now!
Your Appearance
li/lANY a man hu lost
"* good opportunities for
advancement in lite limply
because he did not dress
well The print of stylish,
serviceable clothing today
it so little that anyone oan
afford it. If you doubt
this, come to our store.
We will, prove it to your
618 Granville Street -
Break Your Chains-
and go back
to the land
We Help Tou to Locate
Homesteads ajid Pre-Emptions
in British Columbia
Western Farming & Colonization Co.
5 Winoh Building       LIMITED        Vancouver, B.C.   ,
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Padmore*s Big Cigar/Store
Watch for Announcement
Next Issue V
*rH     : ;    ■ \) ' -'"':
Labor Temple
"Watch Us Grow"
As sn orator, Debs stands without an
equal In the United States. I say
this, .having heard every orator In the
United States who la worth hearing.
Beside htm Bryan Is an the moon's
beams are to sunlight. I have heard
Debs speak, every ten minutes,' to
little crowds tt tuitions through whloh
his campaign train passed. I have
heard him apeak ln little halls, big
halls, snd In tremendous sudltoriutns
In New York; but never'did I hear
him speak, when, he did not sway his
audience as the wind sways the lesves
of a tree, gently lt he desired to,
with cyclonic fury U he wished. And
tbe whole secret ot his oratory, as he
himself hss said, Is In believing so
mightily In something vital that the
thing says Itself.
Nothing pleases Debs better than to
gttber tbe flowers ot language and
hand them to some one, whom' he
loves—and be loves everybody; even
those wbo hate him. Debs cannot express any pleasure moderately. He
feels no pleasure moderately. When
a public reception wai glvn to him
upon his return to Terra Haute, after
the Great Northern victory, Debt did
not. sty, "I am much obliged to meet
you," but Instead! •
"As a rosebud yields to the tender
Influences of a Msy shower, lust so
does my hesrt open to receive tbe expressions of gratitude and esteem
from you, my Mends snd neighbors."
Debs wss married In 1886 to Hiss
Katharine Metsel—hit "Kate," as he
affectionately calls her. She believes
In him, Idolises him, works with him
tnd for him. Whatever she can do to
make his burden lighter, she does.
They have no children, so they hive
taken t little- nephew to live with
them.  .        	
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
«j When you buy your wits
from ni you ire doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
f, In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured ol the
FIT md the MOST UP-TO-
Tot rest, to any aubaorlset So
th* Western aaitaai HMO pec
month; eleee K> ear; Stab Ave.
Appjr H Stio Wlaakeeter Ave,
or Waste] '—  	
Pis, Oltf.
Rhymes of Revolt
Nstt little volume ol virile'
25c Specltl price for quantities
Far Sale at Label Temple Cejar Sim
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Castings snd Repair. Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Whea you play Pool Play al tbe
Limit Pool Parlor
Hesdqusrters Lathers' Union
SS Hastings J9trekt East
J. O. Parliament, Prop.
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Something New
If you are ruptured you should
htve the best This means thlt
you ire looking tor t new Johnston Appliance.
Write or Call for Information
rrlvete PUtlnf Rooms
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phons Sey.' IV ' 694 Richards
6760        llU.       Street
' Stoves and Nice Warm
for tho cool weather at
897 Granville Street Cor. Smy the
Phone Sey. S74J


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