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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 22, 1912

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Array *****
FIFTH YEAR.   No. 85.
Provincial Rules Going Into Effect Jan. 1st
May Afford Some Relief to
By JAB. a. McVETT.
The popular fallacy that the electric
lines ot ths lower mainland of this
province sre to be taken over In the
near future and operated by the city,
of Vancouver and surrounding munci-
palitlss, received a severe shaking
when Mr. Conway, Acting General
Manager of tha B. C. Electric Railway,
defined tha position of that company
In so tar at the franchises under which
it operates are concerned,
According to the agreement or franchise under which the company operates its lines within the city proper,
north of Sixteenth avenue and east of
Hastings townsite, the olty is given
the opportunity to purchase the holdings of the company In the year 1918.
If the right of purchase Is not exercised at that time, Ave years must
pass before the dty again has the
opportunity. ,
In South Vancouver and Point Orey
municipalities, districts converted
from virgin forest since the original
agreement with the olty of Vancouver
waa made, the company's franchises
do not expire forts years.
Before Hastings townsite became a
part of the city proper the company
obtained a perpetual franchise from
the Provincial Government, a right
that was not Interfered with when the
district became part of the city.
Now supposing, ss Mr. Conway
points out, that the city decides to
purchase the lines covered by the old
agreement In 1918. What then? The
city would charge one fare on the lines
purchased, and the workers, the great,
er portion of whom' live outside the
area containing the purchasable lines,
would be required to change cars and
contribute another fare on the tines
operated by the B. C. Electric Rail'
. But sweep the two fare objections
aside for the moment, and assums the
city bas purchased aa per agreement.
Where does It get the electric power
to operate, except It uses a steam
While the water-generated power
now used by the B. C. Electric Is undoubtedly owned hy the same shareholders under the name ot the Van-
couver Power Company, the city agree-
of the plant or even
Under the circumstances, It would,
In my opinion, be the rankest kind of
folly to take over any part Of the electric system unless It can all be
purchased—flrat, because ot the in-
creased cost ot operation, and secondly
on account of the added inconvenience
and double fares for the majority of
the patrons.
So those who are strong for "public
ownership of public utilities" may as
well turn their attention to ushering tn
the "Co-operative Commciwealth,"
whloh will be somewhat neater realisation before the B. C Electric Is re.
quired 'o relinquish its hold on the
lower mainland of this province.
Mr. Conway has made out a strong
case for the company. Its position is
Impregnable, and the "widows and orphans" who hold Its stock and bonds
will draw down their dividends and interest for many years to come.
With the danger of "confiscation"
entirely eliminated, and the possibilities for dividends assured, It seem* a
reasonable requirement tbat the Company should begin the Installation necessary to the operation .of a real
atreet ear service?
Chaunoey M. Depew, replying to s
criticism of some electric lines In
which he was interested, said: "The
dividends of a street railway are In the
straps." The B. C. Electric officials
hav* Interpreted this statement too
literally and In addition to ths strap-
■eeretary Wtoeels, a. 0., adasrs' Vale*.
holders draw a goodly portion of its
dividend from the steps, fenders and
lh some cases, from the roots of its
"Glad to hear you are getting more
cars," said Attorney General Bowser
te Manager Glover, "but I will be more
POwerTtseir      mation that although the company's plaoe ot thoM on Btrlke
officers are continually talking of the
large number of cars on order, the
number received is not sufficient to
relieve the congestion at the rush
After the Lakevlew wreck of two
years ago, the Provincial government
amended the Tramway Aot and appointed an Inspector and since that
time the operation and equipment of
the company's lines hss heen steadily
Improving, more especially on the Interurban branches. This hss been due
almost entirely to the Arm stand taken
by Inspector Rae and the support
given him by the Attorney General
where pressure was required to induce
the company to make changes necessary to safeguard the lives of passengers. And be lt said to the credit of
the Inspector, the employees of the
Hundreds of Special Police Rushed to Aid of
Coal Company to Intimidate Strikers
Into Submission
LADYSs|rTH, V.I., Nor. M.-ILong
Distance none Special to Tb* IWsra-
tlonlst) "It la no longer the Canadian
Colltrie* Co.. the striking miners have
to fight at Cumberland, nor Is It the
unemployed; they refuse to scab, It
Is th* McBrld* government direct Th*
miners have the company sewed up
and on even terms would win Inside
another weak; but ths coal barons, realising this, have called upon the provincial government to take a hand.
That Is, to sea that they (the company) are protected In violating the
laws of the country and decency.
Attorney-General Bowser has declared Martial Law at Cumberland. Hundreds of special polios and scab plug-
uglies, from God knows where, sre being sent In to bulldose, intimidate and
cow the strikers. The miners' families are being driven from the company
hovels; tn fact there la no infamy to
which Bowser Is not permitting or Instructing his paid flunkies to go In
order to break down and whip the
union miners into subjection.
By a Vote of 22 to 6, After Thorough Discussion, Vancouver
Circular Endorsed.
NELSON, B. C, Nov. 18,-Atter the
resolution sent to our Trades and Labor Council by Vancouver, had heen
referred back to the unions three
times, for further consideration, Nelson Trades and Labor Council, with
every union fully represented, and an
attendance of 32 delegates, thoroughly
endorsed the principle of Industrial
Unionism, by a vote of 22 to 6. Every
opportunity was taken by the pure and
simple trade unionists and the industrialists to canvass the situation in the
six weeks the matter lay on the table,
and the vote can be taken as a true Indication of the feeling of the unions
in this city.
At a previous meeting the Typo-
graphical union delegate spoke at considerable length against the principle,
as tending to place different trades ln
the same organisation, thereby, carrying the same card,' would be In a post-
or men-are
leather all
SOME makers of oheap shoes claim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles. If they do it's
certainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you evere xamine the sole of
oheap shoes? If you did, the color was apparently all
right But did you notice the texture of the leather?
Did you observe what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The soles of Invietus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—a fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out.   We have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
Hudson's Bay Stores
Delegate Hardy followed, claiming
that industrial unionism, on the contrary, would claim Jurisdiction over all
the men In the trade affected, and
would fine or expel those members of
the same union who tilled the places of
the strikers.
The Amalgamated Carpenters were
Instructed by their local to vote
against, while the Brotherhood of Car-
penters reported a unanimous vote tn
Amongst the other unions ln favor
can be numbered the Federal Labor
Union, the International Machinists,
Painters, Electrical Workers, Plasterers, Bricklayers, Molders and Clerks.
The Ministerial association and the
school trustees asked for permission
to address the body and the recognition of the strength of the workers
united was almost too much for the
body, though we recovered enough to
pass a resolution accepting their attentions, but reserved any resolution
until we had got from under the spell
of the two bodies.
Sunday, Nov, 24—Typographical Union, 2 p. ra.
Monday, Nov. 26—Glass Workers, bathers, Waitresses, Electrical Workers No. 213, Teamsters, Brotherhood of Carpenters, Amalgamated Engineers.
Tuesday, Nov. 26—Sign Painters, Shinglers, Amalgamated
Carpenters, Stone Cutters,
Wednesday, -wpv. 27—Cement
Workera, Marble. Cutters, Metal
Trades Council,: Amalgamated
Carpenters, Street Rallwaymen,
2:30 p. m.i Plumbers, Stationary
Thursday, Nov, 28—Garment
Workers,, Horseshoers, Marble
Cutters' Helpers, Painters, Sheet
Metal Workers, Machinists.
Friday, I   Nov.     29—Building
Tradea Counojl. '
- Saturday, No* 3fc~Nii.. ■
company and the company Itself, there
Is not an elcetrlc system on the continent that follows the steam railway
standard practices any closer than the
B. C, Electric Railway Company's
Interurban lines.
But despite the efforts of the Inspector, the Bupply of cars has been
sadly deficient. Not only Is It impossible to secure a seat at tbe rush
hours, but the average resident of the
suburbs is fortunate to secure standing room, many going to their homes
on the rear steps and fenders.
As a result of the large number of
accidents, due largely to the Inability
of the conductors to see the steps ot
the cars and to act accordingly, and tbe
complaints of citizens required to pay
fares to ride on the steps In the rain,
the Provincial government, by order in
council, under the Tramway Act, has
passed a new set o fruies to go Into
force on January 1,1913, the principal
changes being in sections 17 and 18
as follows:
iQDtnaarc a»d anuuroM voa
rAniaaiBjoaa* ornAraia
081 OTTT inUIIS.
17. Every company shall provide and
cause to tie used on all cars modern and
efficient apparatus, appliances, and
(a) To provide every car with automatic projecting fender and auto,
matlc wheel-guard;
(b) To provide every oar with a window-guard to be made of wire
screen; mesh of screen to be not
more than 2 inches; height of
screen to be not less than 18
(c) To equip every car with sanding
device for sanding rail;
fd) To provide every car with signboards to be placed In front of
car, where It can be seen by
night or day. designating route
upon which car Is operating;
(e) To provide casing on vestibules of
car where buffers overlap vestibules; casing to be made which
will prevent persons from stand'
AIT city street cars must be equipped with double trucks.   (In force
January 1st, 1913.)
("1 City street cars must be equipped with platform doors or gates,
to be so placed that when closed
the steps of cars will not be accessible to  tho public from the
street; these gates or doors to be
closed before cars are In motion:
(h) The height of step on city street
oars from the ground to first step
must not exceed 18 Inches;
(1) Plans must be submitted to the
Tramway Inspector for his approval, giving tho seating capacity
and dimensions of floor space of
all cars.
18.    Every. street oar or  train  ot
street cars run or operated In any city
shall  he  provided with  afcyeast
gong or bell, to be used
warning of the approach
train; and it shall be the duty of the
Motorman or person controlling the motive power on any car or train, when approaching any street crossing, to ring or
■ ouml such gong or bell within a distance aot exceeding 60 feet from such
crossing; and it shall also be the duty
of such Motorman or person controlling
the motive power of any street car, to
sound or ring such gong or bell whenever such person shall nave reason to
believe that there is danger of such car
or train colliding with or runnlm
against any person, vehicle, or any anl
ma! or obstruction.
(a) street cars must not meet oi.
cross-streets; they must slow up
so as to allow the car that Is
nearest the street to be fully 60
-feet over the street before passing;
(b) Before passing car that is receiving or letting off passengers,
ppeed of car must be reduced to
two miles an hour, and foot-gong
must be rung continuously while
passing; car to be kept under absolute control, so that Instant
stop is possible;
(c) Cars must not approaoh nearer
than 150 feet of any car going tn
the seme direction, end on descending grades they must keep at
least 200 feet apart;
(d) Passengers are prohibited from
riding on fenders or bumpers or
upon the steps of car outside the
l gates or doors, and lt shall be the
duty of every company and every
conductor in charge of a car or
train of tan to enforce this rule;
(e) The carrying capacity of city
street cars, in addition to the
seating capacity, shall be en the
ba«ls of i square feet for each
and every standing passenger;
(f) Notices ,.hall be posted ln a conspicuous place in each car, stating
the carrying capacity of said car
with respect to seating and stand'
ing room;
(g) When cars are filled to their enr-
i rylng capacity, a sign  must be
shown on entrance, reading "Car
The provisions of many of the subsections have already been complied
with, but the most drastic changes are
those contained In Section 17, sub-sections 0 snd H, and Section 18, subsections from D to 0, providing for
gates enclosing the steps as already In
use ln Seattle, Minneapolis, St. Paul
and other large cities—height of car
steps not to exceed 16 Inches—limitation of standing passengers to one to
every 4 square feet of aisle space, and
the posting of a notice In each car
showing Its capacity.
To say the least, the company is not
enthusiastically making provision to
carry out the new rules, because a
large expenditure of funds is required
to make the necessary changes. And
Its objections are perfectly natural and
reasonable, because It cannot collect
any higher fare from a seated passenger then one hanging on the steps. A
reduction of strap-hangers spells an
Increase in operating expenses and a
reduction of dividends.
But keeping In mind the fact that
the company still has 38 years of uninterrupted control, the patrons of its
tines should insist on better accommodation. The company is no doubt relying on a great wall going up when the
new rules are enforced and an Immediate demand on the provincial government for their suspension on account of the temporary inconvenience
caused those unable to get on the cars.
Despite the Inconvenience, any effort to have the rules suspended
should be opposed and Anally, when
the company finds It has to secure
more cars—the cars will then be procured and as a reward for a temporary
Increase of Inconvenience, everyone
will receive better and safer means of
transit to and from their homes.
Western Cauda Manufacturers
Clamoring for Oheap Labor Be-
gardless of Consequences.
The associated boards of trade of
Western Canada have petitioned the
Dominion government requesting the
removal of the restrictions at present
applying to mechanics and ethers Intending working at other Jobs than
farming, says The Voice. At present
an order In council requires that every
person coming into Canada to work at
some trade shall-be ln possession of
225 In summer time and $60 tn winter.
The manufacturers desire the restrictions to be removed and assistance
given to tradesmen and laborers who
may be induced to Immigrate to tbls
country. The petition states that lt Is
generally recognised that additional
labor Is needed for the development of
our cities and towns. It Indicates the
wisdom of the manufacturers to for
ward these requests at the time when
our harvest fields have swallowed up
an army of men, many of whom have
necessarily to be drawn from the
ranks of the Industrial workera, thus
causing a temporary shortage ot labor
In some sections. It la well known
that the flrst swallow does not make a
summer. Neither does the flrst harvester who drifts back into tbe city as
a job-seeker make a winter. But Just
as the arrival of our feathered friends
indicates the approach of warmer
weather and the unburdening of nature's bounty, so the arrival of the
Jobless harvest hands indicates the
arrival of suffering and starvation for
a great number of men, women and
children ln our Canadian cities. In another few weeks we shall have the sad
spectacle of the S.A. pans on the
streets giving the warning appeal:
"Help to give the poor a dinner at
Xmaa; It may be your turn next."
    Old'  Oonntrr   Socialist   Wke
ngurfs la Ivery Movement stasias:
for the Mtoatwa and SollfarUr of
Labor rones.
"If the Canadian Collieries
(Dunsmuir) Ltd,, will furnish me
employment In eonnsctlon with
th* mines In Extension district, I
hsrsby agree to work for It two
years from the 7th day of November, 1912; otherwise In all respect*
upon th* same terme and eondl-
tlona and according to th* system
and practice heretofore pravalllna
at such mines."
Molders Smoke.
Last evening ln Labor Temple the
members of Vancouver Molders' Union
staged a smoker that was a smoker,
and a "real pleasant time was had."
Tailor*' Jurladlctlon.
Upon the application of the Journeymen Tailors for extension of Jurisdiction over cleaners, pressors and dyers
to the A. F. of L. executive council, the
application was granted, and the local
unions of these workers directly affiliated to the A. F. of L. were trans-
ferred to the Jurisdiction of that organization.
Orgsnlrers' Pay Raised.
. of L. organisers will be paid 26
lay after Jan. 1,1213, a raise of II
Telegraphers' Dance.
The British Columbia Division of the
Canadian Pacific system, Commercial
Telegraphers' Union, held a pleasant
informal dance and scial on Tuesday
evening last at the Labor Temple.
The following committee had charge
of the programme: A. E. McNaughton,
chairman; H. W. Withers, Miss L.
Hall, Miss B. Qoodfellow, E. Johnston,
and Ashley Cooper.
To "Imperiallze" Labor Movement.
At a conference ot the Labor Party,
which will be held ln London In January, a proposal will be made that all
the labor parties of the British Empire
shall hold a convention "to consider a
labor policy In Imperial affairs with a
view to united action on questions
affecting the constituent parts of the
Empire, to each other, and to foreign
countries and the Labor-Socialist
movement as a whole."
NANAIMO, V. I., Nov. 18.—Above Is
a sample of the agreement the Canadian Collieries wish their employees to
sign, ss the price of being allowed to
earn their own living, and produce profits for the company.
The basis of the trouble on Vancou
ver Island, wblch has caused the demand of the company to its employees
Is briefly this:
.Under the Coal Mines Regulation
Act it is compulsory for the men to
elect a representative on the gas committee; falling to do this within a
certain specified time the Mine Inspector must appoint a man on the committee from among the men employed in
the mine. But the act provides no Indemnity nor does the Government guarantee any protection from dismissal of
any employee appointed on this committee, If he should have the temerity
to report gas in the mine and thus
carry out the safeguards Intended un-
der the act. There have been cases,
both at Extension and at Cumberland
where men have reported gas, and although not dismissed Immediately,
they have been told when the particular place In which they have been
working was finished that there wu
no other place for tbem, even though
new men were being put on every day.
This had happened ln one particular
Instance at Extension, and the man
removed to Cumberland where he obtained work, but was soon dismissed,
no cause being given for his dismissal.
The U. M. of A. at once wired Premier
McBride for a guarantee against discrimination by tbe company agalnat
men acting on gaa committees. Not
having received this, the men decided
after waiting sometime to take a holiday until they did receive it.
An investigation over at Ladysmlth
seems to point to the fact that over
ther* th* company Is th* law.
We dad them using unlicensed •*-
glneers In the operation ot their coal-
carrying road between Extension sad
Ladysmlth, and la. awry war dsdybu
the Boiler Inspection Art man thMgn
thty hare sworn tbat th* road Is a
part and parcel of tbelr head worka
in order to escape paying property tea
oh It.
Only quite recently w* find that as*
of these unlicensed (aad presumably
Incompetent) men, had a serious accident, resulting ta the death of on* nan
and otter damage.    -
Now with incompetent engtneer*
taking them to and from work, aad
their lives menaced with the continual
dangers ot gaa explosions, Is It any
wonder that the ntlaara decided to.
take * holiday until protected against
these dangers?
With regard to the financial aide of
the dispute a close Investigation shows
tbat on the whole the men employed, ;
at trade* are receiving a far smaller
wage than that received by men employed at the same trade la other part*
of the province, and that miner* and
laborers are receiving considerable
less than men In other parts of B, C.
whose labor Is not nearly ao arduous
or dangerous. In fact it appears that
every man would be better off working
at something else In some other part
of the province.
The trouble seem* to have all the
earmarks of a trouble forced upon th*
men by an arrogant aad aggressive
manager, who seems to consider that
the men in his employ are only slaves
to be treated worae than cattle and
who are beneath any protection from
the law.
NANAIMO, V. P., Nov. It.—In view
of the new* that a Labor Commission
had been appointed by the Provincial
government to settle, amongst other
matters affecting the welfare ot the
Industrial community, the grievances
at Cumberland, a delegation consisting of Messrs. John Plaoe, M.P.P.,
Parker Williams. M.P.P.. Oeo. Pettigrew, 0. Irwin and Joe Taylor of Ladysmlth. visited Victoria last Thursday.'
The visitors state that they were received by Dr. Young, provincial secretary, who informed them that the
news of the Labor Commission was aa
yet premature, and had been anticipated by newspapermen, but the deist-
gates state that from what they have
heard that such a commission has actually heen appointed.' The Interview
only lasted shout ons minute.
Seattle After Big Convention.
Seattle ta out after the 1913 convention of the American Federation of
labor, With bmwaukee, Washington
and Richmond, Va„ dose competitors.
May Seattle wlnl
Was Your Name on the List?
The Court of Revision, to revise the
provincial list of voters ln Vancouver,
closed on Monday last. As a result
1063 names were added to the list and
19 were deleted. As a few of the
names on the old list have been removed by being transferred to other
electoral districts, the new list, when
numbered, is expected to total approximately 24,000, being an Increase of
1000 over the list as revised six
months ago.
Edmonton Iron Workers Strike
Twenty-six strike-breakers who had
been brought here by the Canadian
Bridge Company from Montreal for
work on the C. P. R. high level bridge
across the Saskatchewan river at Edmonton, Alta., went down to the work
last Monday and then refused to take
up their tqols and get busy. At the
bridge they were met by representatives of the Structural Iron Workers'
Union, and the "side of th strikrs wss
explained lo the!}.
Org. Blow, who lei
week, la on the joj
doing things, as hef
Miners Win Pint Round
The Pearl Lake, Porcupine Lake,
Schumacher and Three Nation mines,
in the Porcupine mining district of
New Ontario, have acceded to the
Miners' union wage scale and will
start work. It Is likely that the other
mines will fight tt out. The settling
of these four mines, while claimed by
the unton to be a fair Indication or the
ultimate result of the strike, Is looked
upon otherwise by the mine Managers'
Association. Deme & Bollinger still
retain some men, and are endeavoring
to keep their mills In operation.
The Local Ubor Market.
Because ot the closing down of a
number of public works In and about
Vancouver during the past week or
two, the labor market In Vancouver Is
overcrowded with Job-seekers. The
building trades are only fairly active,
with more than enough men for the
Jobs. Suburban municipal outdoor
work Is about at an end for the season, throwing hundreds of men out of
employment, This, combined with the
wet weather aeason setting ln, makes
the prospects rather glum tor the man
who bas nothing to sell but his ability
to work. The situation will be further accentuated aa winter come* on.
"Keep away"—but keep away from
The first year's report of the operations of the old age pension law In
Australia shows that there were 16,-
638 persons who received benefits
amounting to 110,736,000. The cost of
administering tbe system was about
1209,000, which will be reduced somewhat the second year.
Men Wanted
whose convictions incut* that he wear union-made, Vencouver-made,
i few cents more than the cheap kind and you will quickly
_   'and better to upend a f"" * " - -"—* -"*
BUCK BRAND Overfills stand all kinds of wear and tear—they
that coBt but a few cents more than the cheap *_  _..   .   .   .
nee why it In cheaper and better to spend a little more at tha atari and
get THE BEST. r
are made from the strongest and most durable materials, sewed ao
ttecurely with ttuch heavy thread the seams can't rip, nor will tht
buttona come off. These are the kind of overalls YOU ahould wear.
They wear twice as Ions as the cheap Imitation kind, and the less new
overallH you must buy, the more money you save, Try a pair of BUCK
BltAND and aee if this la not true. Every pair la fuarutaat. ta aat-
lafy yeu.
Wm. 1. McMaster & Sons, Limited
1176 HOMER ST.
FRIDAY .....NOVEMBER 22, 1912
The Royal Bank
of Canada
-      INCORPORATED 1869
Paid-up Capital,   * 11,500,000
Reserve I2.SOO.000
Total Asset. 175,000,000
One Dollar will open
ihe account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in   Vancouver
Head Offloa     -     Vancouver, B.C.
Authorised Capital $2,000,000
■ubioribed Capital 1.169,900
Vald Up capital     030,000
The Bank of Vancouver, appreciates the confidence placed in. It
by the people, anil It In always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management.
Tour account Tary cordially
ozrr BSAiroxEs
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts. > '    •
Broadway West Branch, Cor.
Broadway and Ann Sts.
Granville St. Branch, 1148 Gran.
vllle St
Pender   St,   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
.und Carrall Sts.
. 1,.  W.  SHATPOIU),
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pocket.
•J It Stand, (or all that Union
Labor Stands (or.
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple Phone Scv. 4490
Velours and Felts of nil colors
CAPS and
135 Hasting;* Straet E.
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. 0. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organised wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
sunning Editor! B. Farmatsr rsttlplscs
)fflco:   Boom S10, Lsbor Temple :
Tel. Sey. 3080,
Capital* Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
Tliat ihere is. nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affeots your future welftre
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very, little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hasting, and Carrall Street.
VANCOUVER,    •    -  B.0.
The Home of High-Clan
Where Everybody Goes
Subscription:    11.00 per year;   in Vancouver Olty, 81.25:   to unions subscribing In a body, 75 cents.
I Inch, por issue 75c       80.76
1 Inches, per Issue ...70c 1.40
3 Inches, per Issue jjoe 1.,
4 Inches, per lBsue 55c        2..
5 Inches and upwards 50c
■Tjnitj ot Labor: tin nop, ot tb* world,'
<M> PAPER. If this number is on It
fouf subscription expires next-Issue.
Probably the most annoying (act
that has obtruded Itself upon the worklngman and the man of small means
whatever his walk ln life, during the
last decade, Ib the phenomenal and
persistent rise In the cost of living. To
the average man it has been not only a
most uncomfortable fact, hut one extremely perplexing as well. He haB
tried to account for lt In every conceivable way. Every possible sugges-
lon has been offered to forestall or
ward oft tls effects, but lh spite of everything, prices have soared upward
ind still continue to do so.
That this Increase In the cost of living Is felt most heavily by the working
class, the only useful portion of human
society, goes without saying. With the
average wage, even in tbe best of
times, at a figure barely sufficient to
cover the cost of the necessaries of
life, they (eel at once and keenly anything that tends to Increase that cost.
Unless the wage advances to keep
step with the increased cost of bread,
etc., such increase In prices Is equivalent to a cut ln wages. s This is surely
so plain as to need no further elaboration.
While the cost of living haa Increased during the period referred to, wages
have also risen but In a lesser ratio.
The result Ib that though wages have
nominally risen they have actually
fallen. Tbe average wage today will
purchase considerably less of the necessaries of life than would the average wage of, say, fifteen years ago. .
It would be well for every producer
of Wealth, whether wage earner or farmer, to understand, If possible, Just
what has occurred and why. In fact,
they can not intelligently cope with
this and similar difficulties unless they
first acquire an understanding of the
basis upon which rests the exchange
of all commodities, labor-power along
with the rest.   •■
A commodity is a thing that Is for
_ le, A something for which the owner has no use and which he must sell
In order-to obtain that for which he
has use. That Is why labor-power Is a
commodity. It Is something for which
the owner—tbe worker—has no use because he haB no means of production
upon which, or through which, he can
convert It Into food, clothing, shelter,
and the other things he requires. He
is compelled to Bell It to those who do
own and control the means of production.
Commodities exchange in the market according to their relative cost In
necessary human labor measured by
time. That Is to say, according to the
amount of socially necessary labor embodied In their production. Suppose a
sack of flour, a pair of shoes, or 25
pounds ot pork could be purchased In
the market (or three dollars, and that
this was the regular or normal price
it any given time. This would imply
that the cost of production—measured
in necessary labor time—of a sack of
flour, a pair of shoes, 25 pounds of
iork or three dollars in gold, was
equal. That Is why these things exchange as equals. The owner ot either
of these can exchange his commodity
'or any of the others oh equal terms.
He may exchange a sack of flour for 25
pounds of pork direct or arrive at the
'airie end by selling the flour for three
dollars and with this purchasing the
oork, and so on to the end of the
The ratio of exchange above referred to would continue so long as
nothing occcurred out of the ordinary,
If, however, there should appear upon
the market a considerable quantity of
any given article ln excess of the demand for lt, the tendency would be to
leprcas its price, thus altering the previous ratio of exchange. A large
luantlty of, say, flour would cause the
orlre to fell below three dollars. The
same would be true in regard to any
of the others.
Another thing that would likewise
effect the exchange would be the lessening of the cost of production of
any one of those commodities, the cost
of production of the others remaining
unchanged. If the lessening of the
cost of production went on In eaoh
case alike, no such change would
In connection with the exchange of
flour, shoes, pork and cash referred to
we will now add labor-power by assuming the wage to be three dollars
ner day. In this case the value of a
Back of flour, a pair of shoes, 25
pounds of pork, three dollars In gold
and one day's wages are equal.
Now, let us suppoBo that an' Immense advance in the cheapening of
gold production takes place, by the
dUcovery of new and prolific fields,
and better and cheaper methods of ore
extraction, while the coat of production of all the other commodities re-
mnlns stationary. Immediately the exchange value of e/old, relative to that of
the other rommodltles, falls. ThlB alteration of the ratio of exchange expresses
Itself—and can only expreSB Itself ln
a rise In the price ot the other commodities. This for the reason that the
exchange or price of nil the others Is
expressed In gold. If 25.8 grains of
"old nine-tenths fine constitute a dollar, and tho production of gold should
be so perfected ss to lower the cost In
tabor tlmo to one-tenth of the present
cost, the dollar would still be a dollar,
but Its standing ln exchange would be
but one-tenth of what lt Is at present.
The working man's "corned beef and
cabbage" dinner upon state occasions
that now costs two bits, would th<m
cost $2 50,
Much progress has been made during the last fifteen years In the wuy
of Improving the machinery and
method of producing the necessaries
of life. Their productive cost ln labor
time has undoubtedly been lessened.
But also has there been a rapid snd
far reaching advance made ln the matter of gold production. Immense and
marvellously prolific new fields have
been opened up in South Africa, the
Klondyke and Alaska, pouring in a
large volume of thla metal at low labor
cost. Tremendous strides have also
been made in the discovery of new processes for reducing refractory ores
and the profitable handling of those
of such a low grade as to be hitherto
untouched. It seems to be borne out
by overwhelming evidence that thlB
cheapening of gold production has
gone on at a much more rapid pace
than has been the case with the other
commodities. In this is found the explanation of the constant rise ln price
of everything that goes to the sustenance of the working man and hlB
Now aB to the reason why wages
lag behind all other prices in this upward climb. Every Improvement ln
the machinery and method of production adds to the surplus labor In the
market. No Improvement can be
made ln production, under capitalism,
that does not so result. As the power
of production Is increased by the Improvement of the means of production
a larger percentage of the workers
find themselves out of employment.
As this surplus labor in the market
becomes larger, It becomes all the
more impossible to force the wage up
to keep pace with the otherwise general advance in prices, A surplus of
any commodity In the world's market
Is a depressing factor In the determining of Its price. No hocus-pocus or
conjuring act can brush It aside.
So long as the working man lives he
generates labor-power. There Is no
way to curtain its production without
killing him. In other UneB of commodity
production an agreement among
owners might be made to close down
a portion of the productive power In
order to give an overstocked market a
chance to right Itself. But no such
agreement can be made effective when
lt comes down to tbe owners of the
commodity, labor-power. Each man'
little factory—his stomach—keeps on
producing the goods which must be
sold if the fuel supply IB to be kept
The capitalist control ot Industry Ib
responsible for all the Ilia that fall to
the lot of the enslaved class, whether
such comes in the shape of high cost
of living, low wages, uncertain em-
ployment, or none at all. Until the
workers as a class become wise to
this, and act together accordingly,
they will he forced to accept even
more uncomfortable and degrading
And yet the control o(~every municipality, province, and nation is within
easy reach of the working class once
it awakens to a realization ot Itself and
Its power, a realisation that can only
come as the conscious act of a working class guided by its own reasoning
There are signs of such an awakening.
YOU.leaye your
'working card'.' at
Do YOU believe everything YOU
hear about your fellow unionist, or do
YOU defend unionists whom YOU
know to be on the level?
Do YOU—but what's the ubb?
"Hunger  causeth
a   multitude   of
? ? ? ?- 7 ? ? 7 ? t ? ?
"What would YOU do if you were
unable to find a job, the rent was overdue, your wife was broken In health,
add you returned home in the evening
without a cent or a prospect, and
found six young children crying for
food?" Honor bright, , now what
would YOU do?
What part are YOU playing in keeping your union together, Increasing Its
membership, and assisting tbe officers
that YOU eleoted to do for YOU what
you refused to do for yourself?
What have YOU yourslf ever done
but find fault with those who are trying to do something for your class?
Oh the level, now, how many Union
Labels do YOU carry on your person?
Are YOU really a union man, or do
YOU only belong to a union?
When your union goes after a raise
ln wages and secures lt, does your
hand shake when YOU receive the
next pay envelope, inasmuch as YOU
did not attend the union meetings that
secured the raise?
Were YOU at the last meeting of
your union?
Do YOU think the-Typos, would
have a 1 1-2-hour work day and a SB
per day and $5.50 per night scale If
they were unorganized?
Do YOU think the wage-workers of
any other craft would be receiving
their present wage If It had not been
for organization?
What did YOU do to make the Ubor
Temple a possibility?
What are YOU doing to make the
Trades and Labor Council what it
ought to be?
Are YOU one ot those fellows who
never do anything yourself, but never
tire ot backcapplng those who made
your membership ln a union possible?
Do YOU always flnd any fault YOU
may have with your union on the floor
ot the union meeting? Or do YOU
skulk round the corner, ln the barroom or whisper your suspicions like
a serpent to others of your kind?
Do YOU vote the Bame political ticket as your boas?
How much of "the "prosperity" you
read so much about but see so little
of have YOU got?
Are YOU one of those people who
love to tell the boss about the wickedness of the other fellow?
Are YOU one of the unionists who
expect even courtesy, let alone appreciation, from your fellow workers for
the part YOU nave played In the organized labor movement?
Do-YOU think that ln these modern
days ot capitalism that the union will
run itself? Or do YOU see the necessity of making lt somebody's business
to look after your business?
Did It ever occur to YOU that YOU
and others like YOU were the units
that make your union what it is?
Did YOU ever stop to figure out that
If your union Is "dead" It is only a
reflex of yourself?
Have YOU yet observed that the
workers get what they vote fur"
When are YOU going to become a
committee of \me to boost lor your
1,160 "he workman
aun..nf   0r.ao
"One of the grandest sights on earth
Is a thinker in overalls."—Debs.
Immigration solves nothing. It
merely transfers the problems of one
locality to another.
The McBride government will at
least go down in history as a builder
of Jails, penitentiaries and asylums.
If more population means more Jobs,
why not return to the crowded Industrial centres of the Old Country, or go
to New York or Chicago?
Both the TradeB and Labor Council
and the Socialist party have permitted
another opportunity to enter a municipal campaign flit by without anything being done to look after the Interests ot the wage-worker. Too muoh
talk and theorizing; not enough organization-and action.
The Ottawa Citizen Ib authority for
the semi-official announcement that
the federal government will not Introduce a Redistribution bill during this
session of the house, a statement that
will come as somewhat of a surprise
to Western 'Canada constituencies,
which have much to gain hy the Increased representation assured.
A Vancouver contracting firm's foreman, doing work for the city, made the
Btatement this week that he had hired
80 men (rom an employment bureau,
and discharged them all two days
later. The employment shark received
$1 (rom each of the 80 persons employed. The wages were 13 per day—
$1 tor the privilege of earning 16, not
to mention time lost ln putting the
"deal" through. No wonder the city
council doesn't want a free civic labor
"Thousands of ""men returning to
city," says the Edmonton Capital,
speaking of the closing down of railway construction camps weat of that
city, owing to frost and the advent of
winter. In nearly all cases the men
have little money coming to them,
though many of them have been ln the
construction camps all season. Just
what the Jobless men will do during
the winter months Is a problem that
might be referred to those responsible
for their Importation.
Ottawa statistics show that during
the period between April 1 and Nov.
1 of this year, 300,841 Immigrants ar-
rived in Canada. The possibilities tor
exploitation are so full of potentialities that the employers' dally press
cannot help but give some vent to the
hungry anticipation. "It would take
601 passenger trains of ten coaches
each," Bays the Sun, "each averaging
60 persons to a coach, to accommodate
this number of the immigrants." It
will require more than railway coaches
to keep many of the unfortunates supplied with jobs before this winter Is
I telephoned the plumber .'.
And right on time he came
He truly was a hummer,
And should be known to fame:
He spent no time in gazing,
But found out what was wrong,
And.- what Is most amazing—
He did not con the matter
For half an hour or more,
No Bolder did he splatter
Upon the kitchen floor:
With zeal still undiminished
He worked away for us,
And when the job was finished
With beating heart 1 waited
His memo, of expense,
Until he lightly stated
His bill was fifty cents!
My face grew pale and haggard,
I gave a muffled scream,
Into a chair I-sltaggered—
And woke—lt was a dream!
—Berton  Braley.
Had I at command the fabled horn
of Gabriel, whose blast is to summon
earth's myriad dead on resurrection-
morn, I would be tempted to mount
high Olympus, crown this hour and
proclaim to all the world the emancipation of womankind.
Until that hour strikes in which the
womanhood of the world Is freed from
economic and political slavery, this
earth can never know the meaning of
In Its final analysis, every burden,
every wrong, every Injustice of our so-
called civilization, rests at last Its
crushing weight upon the womanhood
of the world.
For many centuries this condition
has obtained. Man has been born of
woman enslaved, and he has, ln turn,
suffered enslavement.
The most glorious feature of the
present world-wide revolution, and Its
most potent feature for tbe weal of
mankind, Is the millions upon millions
of women who have bravely and boldly
shattered the social and economic
shackles of the age and who are Inviting their sisters to Join them ln demanding their freedom and enfran-
With the power and responsibility
ot the ballot will come a mental awakening such as the womanhood of the
world has never known.
Intelligent consideration and discussion of the mighty problems of this
age will become a part of the mental
lite of every man and woman, to the
great and permanent profit ot the
Once unlock the fetters that (or
countless ages have cramped and
warped and starved the soul of woman
and you have opened the very doors ot
The political enfranchisement and
the economto freedom of women means
the birth of a race of freedom.
No event in the upward, onward,
Godward course of the race was ever
fraught with suoh nortentlous meaning
as is the emancipation of the womanhood of the world.
And the Socialists of the world welcome their sisters ln revolt. With
souls aflame and hearts afire, we face
the rosy dawn of a new civilization
and we welcome woman's emancipation as the harbinger of the glad new
For some months The Federatlonist
has been reproducing a number of
photographs of union officials throughout Canada. Inasmuch as the wives
of unionists have to assume more than
their share of the work.and responsibilities of many ot these men, The
Fed, would be pleased to have photos
of them, (or the purpose o( associating
them with the labor movement,
The Fed. believes that woman must
he encouraged to assist the unionists
of Canada In more ways than "staying
home alone." They must be taught the
necessity ot purchasing union labelled
goods; the need for a social side ln
support of the materialistic; they must
be taught the whys and wherefores; so
that the home Influence will be properly directed upon the rising generation.
For these and many other reasons
The Fed. Invites the co-operation of
the women, especially the wives snd
daughters of unionists.
Morality may be defined as tbe doctrine of moral duties, as estimated by
a standard of right and wrong, and
since standards of right and wrong differ with time and place, what is moral
or Immoral, right or wrong, Is there-
tore determined by prevailing economic conditions. For Instance, the
moral code of primitive peoples is entirely different from the moral code nf
those brought up within the confines
ot wbat we are pleased to call civilization. In a primitive society, where
rude communism prevails, It would be
considered a highly Immoral act for
any member of the tribal community
to refuse to allow another member to
consume whatever food he wanted,
even should be enter other thsn his
own dwelling to do so, because all
things being held ln common, those
cruel words mine and thine are unknown, and the code of moral duties
varies accordingly. In the society Into
which we are born, based upon the
private ownership of the means of life,
and Its consequent production (or prof.
It, the opposite Is the case. Should a
hungry man or starving woman take
and consume a loaf of bread they
would be charged with theft and pun.
iBhed accordingly, or should they ask
food, they are liable to be placed In a
house of detention, (or doing so, or If
found homeless and penniless, ln the
midst of plenty, would be charged and
convicted of vagrancy and jailed accordingly; a perfectly moral procedure, according to the prevailing
moral code of our civilization. The
shame Is true of sex relations, when
chattel slavery prevailed lt was a perfectly moral act for slave owners to
compel female slaves to bear children
to male slaves they had never teen
before, and consequently between
whom there was no affection or love,
But lt suited the Interests of the then
ruling class, and waa tn keeping with
the prevailing methods or producing
snd distributing wealth—International
'Twaa Ever Thus.
"Pa, what does It mean When you
say that prices fluctuate?"
"It means, my son, that they go up
knd down. When l's something you've
got to buy, the price goes up; and
when It's something you"ve got to sell,
the price goes down."—Judge's Library.
Vancouver Longshoremen.
Vancouver   Longshoremen's
has a dues-paying membership ot
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets In annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1812-18: President, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs. B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberts, C. Slvertz.
J. J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; A.
Beasley, statistician: J. H. McVety,
pergt.-at-ttrms: F. A. Hoover, W. J,
Pipes. E. Tralnor, trustees.
—Meets second Monday ln month.
President, E, Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England,
P. O. Box 66.        .   -
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J, H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian.
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdoch McKensle. Managing director, J. H. McVety, Room 211.   Sey. 6860.
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent, J, A, Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.nt.
Secretary of management committee.
Wm. ■ Manson, 828 Raymur avenue
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room 802.	
ttoners' Local No, 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President, J. Kinnalrd; corresponding secretary,   W.
Rogers,   Room   220,   Lahor
flnanclal   secretary,   P.   Robin'
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m. President, Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secre'
tary, Charles Brown; peer eta ry-bu°ine«-
agent. C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Lobar
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 p.m
Sey. 1776.
Meets flrst and third Sundays or
each month, 7:80 p, m., Room 806. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A, MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel
Sey. 468 (Yale Hotel).
and Joiners, Local No. 617—Meet
Monday of each week, 8 p.m, Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L.
H. Burnham, Room 304.    Bey. 1880.
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W, J. Robertson; vice-president, J, W.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thos,
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt.  Lindsay;  conductor, A.  Conah'er;
warden. R Hall. 	
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
J. A. Heeley; socretory, A. W. Oakley,
73S Homlln Drive, phone Sey. 639.	
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
S07. President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall. Box
63;  flna   ' -     "   "
financial   secretary, F.
business  agent,  W.   S.   Dagnall,  Room
"""    Sey, 8799.  '	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 8S3 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Street.
Laborers' Union.—Meets flrst and
third Fridays, Labor Temple, 8 p. m.
President, P. Hurst; secretary, E.
Tralnor. Room 220, Labor Temple.
CIGARMAKERS'    LOCAL,    NO.    .167-
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J, Craig; secretary, J. C. Peuser, Kiirts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnson,
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. J—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday in month, Room.204. Local
chal.'man, J. F. Campbell. Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 482, or 1003 Burrard street.
218.—Meets Room 301, every Mondav
8 p. m. President, W, P. Carn vice-president, Fred Fuller: recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 6 Lome Btreet east; fln-
iry, Harvey Sauder; treas<
"ree; press secretary, Ar-
business agent, H. A.
07, Labor Temple.
Suit Special at $ 15
We hold and can maintain by proof of service as, well as style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give,
Today has arrived a new lot of -suits with special features that
we have marked to; sell at 915,00. You will tie' surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popu-,
lar red browns In tweeds, other tweeds as well in gray and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them.
iwaronw ■amviCTsiBiai am iwri otswcoact
, »omtto*q.  ;
These, arc coats that -no; man need be afraid to don. ' They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
in any way, \
The materials are tweeds .in smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs in brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every cont Is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars, :-.*. \   '■
David Spencer
Stoves and Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
* skating ground, Canada
Star Skates, all that a skate oan be*.... 75c to $6.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75c to $6.00
For Young Man, Young Ltdies, Boys and Misses
J.  A.   FLETT,   LIMITED Phone Seymour 204
Hardware and Tools
*j A Splendid stock of the best in the world's market.
;We make a speoialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line. .
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 634
your WINT E R suit
Should be Tailor-made"and made by Unton Tailors. Fine ttock to select from
FRED PERRY Labor TemP*e Tailor
Corner Horn* and Duaunuir Street*
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room- 20S 8 p.m. President 8. 8.
Duff; recording aeeretary, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and bua.ne.ss agent, F. L. Est-
Inghausen, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.
Meeta aecond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. Preaident, J, Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm, Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 426 Dufferin street. Telephone,
Kalrmont 1288.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening, 113 Water atreet.
President, G. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nlxbn. 133 Water street.-
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, Q. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, R. H.' Neelands, P.O. Bex It,
. b. a
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., in
Labor Hall. President, R A. Stoney;
financial secretary. J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
984.   The public Is Inflted to attend. '
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt. Thompson; recording
■ecretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
]. H. McVety.   fley. 8380.
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of Ms-
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
.vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
P. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. Preaident H. Mur-
i-y; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
668 Robaon St.; recording secretary,
-ikene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
mslneaa agent. W. J. Nagle. 	
No. 280—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
un., Room 802. President, H. Spear;
ecordlng secretary, Jaa. Jamleson, 921
Drake atreet; financial secretary, Ed.
)ormody.   - -. 	
Branch-—Meets aecond and fourth
ruesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rum-
ile; corresponds- secretary, James Ray-
mrn; flananclal secretary, wm. Jardlne,
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
-Meets    Labor   Tempi*,   second    ana
ourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and first
ind third Wednesday a, 8 p.m. President,
II. Schofield; recording: secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial aeeretary, Fred A, Hoover,
.'409 Clark drive.
178—Meetings held first Friday In
•ach month, 8 p.m, President, H, Nord-
and; aecretnry, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
503; financial aeeretary, L. Wakley, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meeta flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; aeeretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 woodland drive.    ,
Meeta last Sunday each month, 2:3
cal 486—Meeta - every aecond and
fourth Friday of month la Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; aeeretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C, .-•.,.
penters, Local Unton No. 1619—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street, President, M. C. Schmendt; aeeretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster. B. Cj  -   ■  ;
TICTOsMA,   Me  O.
Council—Meets every flrst and thtid
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson
atreet, at 8 p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slverti, Box 302.
Victoria. B. C. '    .
. MWdW.UaMQW.ls '
No.   2888,   U.   M.   W.   of  A.—Meets
Wednesday,-Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B, C. >  '    ■
—Meets   every   Sunday   In  District
Office,   Vendome   Hotel,_ at   T:30   p.m.
Arthur    Jordan,
Nanalmo, B. C.'
recording    secretary,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sam Stevena; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B, C.
«3S^ of America  r£.v
cop)i;..iit 8JSA0I M«nKSKisTmp nea
Don't be a Washboard
There is no excuse for
a housewife toiling over
the old fashioned wash-
tub and board.
Vhe "THOR" Electric
washer has revolutionized
home laundry work.
This appliance is operated by connection with an
ordinary household socket
and does the washing and
wringing of your family
Visit our salesrooms at
Carrall and Hastings Sts. or
1188 Granville St. and have'
the washer demonstrated- ,
B.C. ELECTRIC mwmmmmmWmm*mM
The organised labor movement will
do for wage-workers what the affiliated membership give* lt the power
to do.-  r -
No. 686.   Watch" your address label.
Translantic Steamship
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
City Ticket Agent O.P.A.
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
6j But you should remember
the hot months, and how
pleasant it is to get away
from the city with its work,
heat and worry.
Q. Most people, however, only think of this when the
summer months arrive.   Then they sll rush to secure
places in the country.
Of course, when everybody wants to
buy, prices rise
«J At this season, when one's mind is on the furnace, the
owners of summer resort, take their lots from she market
and wait until they can command higher prices. But if
you had a chance now to get a lot in an ideal spot for a
summer home, at a price away below the ordinary and on
easy term,, would you take it?
0. We are forced to tell a few lots in a place dote to the
city where there are fine tea breeze,, good bathing and
good sport, and where there are no MOSQUITOES.
tj Spring water it piped to every lot. Two ttorei, pott
office and a daily steamer service add jutt enough civilization for comfort.
CjTwo hundred dollars; fifty
down and twenty-five quarterly, buys one of these lots
now-it will not do so in the
Spring. So get one now.
-    VANCOUVER, B. 0.
To Editor B. c. Federatlonist:—
Scarcely a day passes bat that we
read ln the dispatches about the unspeakable atrocities committed upon
the Inhabitants of Russia by the soldiers ot the Ciar. Men are tortured
by the knout and Ice balls, children are
murdered and women are enslaved at
the behest ot a single man. Crops are
destroyed, villages are_ depopulated
and whole districts desolated In re-
venge for the actions or the thoughts
even of a single individual.
Hen are sent to Siberia for daring
to speak, thrown Into prison for think-
Ing; tortured for teaching their chll-
drean to read or write. It is the sot
dlers who do all this! They are the
police and the executioners as well,
They butcher, knout, burn and ravish
In obedience to the command' of a
general or a governor. They know no
law but the command of a captain; no
religion but their obedleuoe; like a
[wol! in a fold they revel In blood and
delight ln horror. "   ,
Some may ask from where do they
come? Are they human? Whence
does the Czar draw his minions? Have
they human feelings or are they void
of every tender Impulse?
They are void of every human feel-
Ing because no tender feelings have
ever touched them. They live to serve
the Csar because they know nothing
They are merely lighting machines bred like horses for that purpose and no other.
Vladivostok Is situated on the eastern shore of Siberia Just north of the
Chinese boundary. The greater part
of the Inhabitants are a class of men
called Moujlks. They are to all In-
tents and purposes serfs, sent there
to farm the land for the Csar. There
are women there too; great magnificent, broad-chested, fair-skinned anl-
mats, sound of lung and strong of
limb. Perhaps nowhere else In the
world are better creatures physically
to be founfl than they. They spend
their days working' In tbe fields for
their masters and they are healthy
and strong. In fact, they could hardly
be otherwise. The men are poor,
earth-grubbing animals whose spirits
have been crushed by tyranny and
whose backs are bent with toll, yet
they too, are strong and healthy.
The men and women do not marry.
The men are not considered as humans, and the women are reserved for
the masters. Thus, these creatures
never know the finer feelings that
homes and. children bring. The men
are so crushed by their conditions that
they lack all power of Initiative and
all their energy. Owing to this fact
the women dominate them.
There are soldiers there, too, the
finest in the world. Drawn trom the
Dor Cossack where men are half sav-
age, strong and brave. They are fear-
leas almost to the point of recklessness, true as steel to their leaders and
loyal to any power that ta placed over
them. They.are too fierce to be over
awed completely " so certain concessions are made to them. They choose
their own captains, and wear a uniform of their,own selection. They are
Intelligent and can ride like centaurs,'
, They are picked from the finest regiments th the empire, and are sent to
Vladivostok ostensibly to keep tbe
peace and garrison the town. None of
them are married and they bring no
women along with them, but they do
not live alone. Each soldier has a
house in which he lives and be has
one of the female Inhabitants assigned
to him, who looks after his house and
plays the part of a wife.
'''his Is not merely the Irresponsible
action of the soldiery, but another Instance of their obedience to the orders
of their superiors. Bach soldier has
orders to live with the women whom
he has chosen until she is with child.
Their very officers oblige them to
breed these women and male children
are wanted. After the one woman Is
pregnant the soldier Is allowed to put
her away and choose another and re
peat the process.
If a male child is born it Is dedicated
to the service of the Csar and as soon
as lt Is eight or ten years old It Is
taken to the military training schools
and reared there like a soldier. These
children are taught that the Czar is
their father and they are trained to
regard him as such. This Is the reason that the Russian soldiers call their
monarch "Father," "Little Father," and
the like. They know no other parent,
and they give to their commander, aB
the representative of him, all the reverence that they would give to a parent. From the time they are placed
In these schools they are taught nothing but the army. They never see any
side of life but the garrison and the
camp. Every thing pertaining to the
military is taught then. jut nothing
else, bo that In time they become the
most perfect fighting animals in the
They are the slaves or the system
just as the horses of the army are.
They are bred, reared and trained In
exactly the same- manner as are the
beasts.   The ones ln command mate
the best men and the best women, Just
as a draft mare Is bred to a good horse
and the Increase Is taken In hand In
the same way.
This Is why the Czar's soldiers aro
History Repeat* Itself
To Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—
"Woe unto ye, scribes and Pharisees,
hypocrites, for ye make clean the outside of the cup and platter, but within
Is extortion and exceBs."
Great indignation has of late been
expressed 'by representatives of the
Church and Moral Reform Association,
that the authorities have not found Jail
accommodation for those "fallen women" who were recently arrested on
Alexander, atreet. They were even accused of being "anarchists" because
they failed to enforce the law against
these women.
Why these unfortunates should be
scapegoats while hundreds ot others
in the same business In this olty
should go free, Is not plain, unless
they are needed as warnings and examples,
ir so, why not return to public exhibitions of the whipping post, the gibbet, the rack and the fagot? Public
hangings In the horse show building
would fill the house at 16.00 a seat.
Think what this might do for the
"Red lights" are but one of the many
eruptions of the social leprosy now afflicting the human race, but for the
manufacture of. criminals, for the pro-
ductlon of physical and mental suffering, for .the destruction of body and
soul, red lights do not compare with
the penitentiaries and dungeons en-
doreed by many well meaning but
blind guides of humanity.
After all, why should our reformers
complain that the Honorable Bowser
& Co. should Ignore the law when then
see fit? Is the servant greater than
the Master? Is the clay greater than
the potter? Are these men not the
makers and masters of the law? Can
It be possible that some are so dense
that they do not understand that the
State represents property interests,
and not the common good?
The capitalists have gone into politics la their own Interests; the workers have not yet done so. When they
do the state will represent humanity.
But where were these friends of
law and order" last winter when that
From the Maritime Provinces,
Editor B. C, Federatlonist: Just a
word from the extreme end of Canada,
to say that the Carpenters of Sydney,
C. B„ -are getting a little of the west-
era spirit ln their labor organisation,'
although there are yet some great
changes to be made. They are, however, fairly well organized, with a
membership of over 300, and coming in
every Monday night Mr. Gregory Is
business agent, and a hustler.
It Is to be hoped that after the coming New Year there will be a decided
Increase ln the wagea in general.
Carpenters now In Sydney are receiving $3.00 per day of nine hours. On
the other hand, living has advanced
by leaps and bounds, so that 18.00 per
day, as a minimum wage, Is Just about
sufficient to live on.
There has been no agreement signed
yet by the master builders with the
U. B. of C„ as to the work of organising has been going on.
One of the difficult factors the union
has to consider is the Dominion Steel
Trust. This huge combine has Its
slaves working at a small wage, ln all
branches. They have their staff
of detectives and bulls watching the
wage worker. The moment he Joins
a union notice Is given him that his
services are no longer required. This
combine has upwards of 17,000 men
and boys employed, all practically unorganized. One feature noticeable
amongst the men Is lack ot comradeship, aa the man with the ordinary
wage feels satisfied, and doesn't seem
to have, any consideration for the
weaker brother; therefore the work
of organizing these men Is a hard and
difficult task.
Trusting that In the no distant
future these slaves will awaken to the
fact that the'world belongs to their
class', I am, yours,
Sydney, C. B„ Nov. 11.
A Few Questions.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:  I would
like to ask a tew questions, through
your paper:
1.   What has become of that Com-
wretched army of unemployed, and, mlttee of the General Good and Good
even respectable citizens were being [ of  the  City   and   "goodness  knows
charged and beaten by the mounted what," that made such a stir about
police   for   meeting   on   the   public:clearing up the city, etc, some time
squares? j ago?
Where were they- when many of 2. Why did they not accept the
these men were thrown into Jail Hie- challenge thrown out to them to internally as was admitted by the Judges | view some of the employers of female
who Med them later? | labor regarding wages paid to their
These victims of our "prosperity" j employees, hours, etc.? Were they
»ere crowded Into i filthy cells and afraid they would tread on the corns
lungeonB In a way that violated the of some of the leading members ot the
It ti tetter fe «att	
IT than ta vote tor
IIS        I     ,
$1.00 A YEAR
laws of the land and outraged health
and decency.
Nearly 2000 years ago another vie-
tlm of "-'law and order" was brought to
churches and public goody-goodies?
3. How Is It that a woman, whose
husband purchases real estate lh his
wife's name (generally to protect him
that great Teacher whom our Moral .self In case he falls in business), Is
Reformers are supposed to represent, I allowed to vote on all municipal affairs
This woman was convicted of adul-1 —when perhaps she Is as Ignorant as
tery and according to the aw of Moses a baby about these things, and a work-
she must be stoned to death.
Now the Jaw being entirely of male
manufacture, as It Is unto this day,
there was no mention made of her accomplice.
True, a commandment of Moaes had
forbid a man to "covet his neighbor's
wife or his ox or his ass or anything
that Is his," but like many laws made
by our corporation  governments to! the S, P. cruelty to human beings?
protect" Labor, there Is no penalty     5.   And lastly: When are the work-
attached.  Women were ln thoBe days ■ Ing men of Vancouver going to ubc
Ing woman who has studied economics
snd thoroughly understands who she
is voting for, who haB learned the lesson of life ln the bitter school of experience, Is not allowed a vote at all?
4. How Is it that the S. P. C. A
only nay their lady clerk, who is In
the office from 9 to 6. six days a week.
IB per week?   Do they not believe In
but beasts of burden and means of perpetuating mankind.
They have somewhat advanced since
then, many are dolls today; many
shine by the reflected light of their
husbands; some few shine through
their own intellectual brilliancy.
Horrible thought it was ln those
days of old, as it yet Is, that a man
might leave property to another child
through the unfaithfulness of his wife,
and so a horrible deathSvas the penalty for this offense.
Morals and laws grow out of property rights. What Is the life and happiness of the wage slave today? What
was the life and happiness of the
slaves two thousand years ago?
The reporter of the local Muck Rake
and the representatives of the Moral
Reform Leagues of Jerusalem were on
the spot. Here was something worth
"This friend of publicans and sinners" was already suspected of being
an enemy of "law and order." He had
on several occasions condemned the
chief priests, scribes and Pharisees as
hypocrites and "whitened sepulchres."
The fact that the' "common people
heard him gladly," and that he preferred men and women on a par with
the I.W.W. of today as his companions,
rather than the solid citizens and pillars ot the Church, waa enough to
brand him as an undesirable citizen.
Had be not declared that the "Sab.
oath was made for man, and not man
for the Sabbath?" He had even gone
nto the "Temple, bad upset the tables
of the money-changers and the seats
of the traders," and had said: "It is
written, 'My house shall be called the
House of Prayer,' but ye have made It
i den of thieves.
Now here was a chance to catch this
"agitator," doubtless the prototypes
of Orchard, McManlgal and Detective
Burns were on the spot and ready to
manufacture evidence and "plant dynamite" for a consideration; but even
In those days It was known that cub-
[ouHriaoe evidence often Veil down."
Probably it was the best posted man
In the bunch who spoke thus: (8 Chap.
John's Gospel): "Now Moses commanded that such .is this woman be
stoned, but what sa)est thou? This
said they, that they might catci: him;
so when they continued asking him
he lifted up himself and Bald: "He
who Ib without guilt, let him cast the
first stone at her,"
The record says that they left one
after another, and "Jesus was left
standing alone with the woman," and
Jesus said: "Hath no man condemned
thee?" She said: "No man, Lord," and
Jesus said: "Neither do I condemn
Neither do we Socialists condemn
the modern victims of heredity and
economic pressure,  but we have al-
their vote for their own class Interests
ln thla city and elsewhere?—ISABEL.
The "Risks" of Mill Owners,
Two giant logs on the log deck of
Hastings mill suddenly rolled together
last Monday night at 7.55, and crushed
out the life of F. Meloche, a French-
Canadian. His head was horribly
mangled, and he died almost Instantly.
Meloche waa working on the night
shift. He was hauling the logs aa they
came up from the pond to the deck
and then on to the carriage. He was
the skldway between two of the
logs, when some cause, presumably e
sudden Jar of the mill, started one of
them rolling towards the other, and
before Meloche had warning of Its
approach he was hopelessly caught ln
tbe trap.
Dr, McTavlsh, who was called Im
mediately, administered stimulants,
unsuccessfully. The body was taken
to Cent & Henna's undertaking parlors, where an Inquest will be held.
Meloche was residing at 549 Jackson
Avenue. He came to Vancouver from
St. Elbert, Ontario.
The Federatlonist goes to press on
Thursday morning of each week. Copy
must be In. by Wednesday evening at
latest, earlier if possible. Correspondents please note.'
"The C. P. R. Is strong on big titles
and small wages."—J. H. McV.
so faithful. Thla is why they are bo
heartless and cruel. They feel no bond
between themselves and their fellows
because they have not been placed In
contact with them. The Russian peasants are as foreign to them as are the
negroes or the Chinese, if not more so.
They think no more of massacrelng a
village than a hunting horse thinks of
running down a fox,
ready condemned to annihilation the
private and corporate ownership of
property In the means of life, For It
Is the poverty resulting from thla ownership which Alls the red lights and
lulls, the Insane asylums and slums,
sweat shops and pauper graves with
Its victims.
Only now are we beginning to read
aright the history ot the flrst century,
and to appreciate the greatness of the
leading character of that age.
We realize that this old, old struggle for life and liberty Is rapidly approaching the greatest crisis of human
history. Out of the wreck and tears of
ten thousand years of slavery, out of
the chaos and ruins of modern capt*
tallsm, there la even now evolving a
new type of men and women. Already
the material and Industrial basis of the
new order is here, and rapidly the Intellectual and spiritual foundations are
Thla Is to be the cooperative Commonwealth, the Brotherhood of Man,
of which tho prophet dreamed, and
for which they suffered, for which the
Carpenter of Nazareth lived, and for
which He died; for which thousands of
Hla comrades have since fought and
died and tor which millions today are
The Red flag, our standard, symbolizes the common blood ties of our j
race; It speaks net of war, but of
oeace on earth and goodwill toward
men. W. J. CURRY.
"••Honey at half the price of butter:
Does that tempt you?   It's
fertile alfalfa fields In the rajtfMn
valleys of Idaho,       ,^_^__^
tin tor I9JM H"''
or phone O, L, I'Ussl Wet.
Fairmont 2047,
I can deliver a few
Lots in Block 5,
Dist. Lot 122 for
TERMS: $25.00 Cash, and
Monthly Payments of $15.00
Interest at 7 Per Cent
These Lots Are:—
<I Only a few yards from the present
City Limits.
<I One mile from the waterfront.
<J One mile and a half from the E. &
N. (Canadian Pacific) Railway Station, very near most probable site of
Canadian Northern Railway Station.
<f Situated in the center of what will
be the West End Section of the city,
overlooking the harbour.
1% You cannot help making money on
this investment.
<J Port Alberni is destined to be one
of the large cities on the Pacific Coast
of Canada.
^m fAGffi FOUR
FRIDAY .........MOVBIIBER 21, 1911:
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
Rhymes of Revolt
Neat little volume of virile verse
25c Special price for quantities
For Sale at Labor Temple Cigar Stote
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
612 Cordova Street East
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Ye«r
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Now Is the time to get down and
study. You will find an assortment of
books below. Pick out one or two
and send along the price to W. Watts,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C., and
we will mall them to you postpaid.
Boelsche's The Evolution of Man .50
Boelsche's The Triumph of Life.. ,50
Dietsgen's Philosophical Essays.. 1.00
Dletsgen's Positive Outcome   of
Philosophy'  1.00
Engels' Socialism,  Utopian  and
Scientific    .60
Engels' Feuerbach  60
Engels' Landmarks of Scientific
Socialism    1.00
Engels'Origin of the Family 60
Ferrl's The Positive School   of
Criminology 60.
Ferrl's   Socialism   and   Modern
Science   1.00
Fitch's Physical Basis of Mind
and Morals    1.00
France's Germs of Mind Is Plants .60
Kautsky's The Class Struggle/... .50
Kautsky's The Social Revolution. .60
Kautsky's Ethics and Materialist
Conception of History       .50
Labrlola'a  Materialistic   Conception of History  1.00
Labrlola'a Socialism and Philosophy  ■•  1.00
Lafargue's The Evolution of Pro- .
party ....; 60
Lafargue's The Right to Be Lazy
and Other Studlea 60
Lafargue's Social and Philosophical Studies    .60
La  Monte's   Socialism, Positive
and Negative 50
Lewis' (Arthur M.) The Art of
Lecturing    .60
Lewis' (Arthur M.) Evolution, Social and Organic 60
Lewis' (Arthur M.) Marx vs. Tolstoy  (Darrow Debate)...    .50
Lewis'  (Arthur M.)   Ten  Blind
Leaders   50
Lewis'  (Arthur M.) Vital Problems ln Social Evolution 50
Lewis' (Austin) The Militant Proletariat  "• 60
Liebknecht's   Memoirs   of  Karl
Marx  50
Marx's Capital, Vol. 1  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. II '. 2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. Ill  2.00
Mux's Critique of Political Economy   1-00
Marx's The Poverty of Philosophy  1.00
Marx's Revolution and Counter-
Revolutlon  60
Marx's Value, Price and Profit.. .50
Mux and Engels' The Communist
Manifesto  50
Morgan's Ancient Society  1.60
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. I.  LG0
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. II.   1.50
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol, III.  1.50
PlechanoB's Socialism and Anarchism   60
Telchmann's Life and Death 60
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol. I. 2.00
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol.11. 2.00
War, What For? Klrkpatrick.... 1.20
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets sec-
ond and fourth Tuesday. Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Tuesdays tn month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E, Anderson, Secretary, Box 647, Calgary.
ECUTIVE, S. P. of C, Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West. Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—This card Is inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so tf you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.. Winnipeg.
Committee, socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sun-
dsys In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Hay,
N. 8. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, n«x
491. Olsce Bay, N. S.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, No. 69, S. P. of C.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir street. Business meeting on flrst
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretary,
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. C.
holds educational meetings ln the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:80. Business meeting flrst Monday
ln each month. 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 880.
LOCAL ROSSLAND. No. 25, S. P. of C.
meets in Miners' Hsll every Sunday at
7:80 p.m. E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125.
Finnish branch meets In Flnlanders'
HaU Sundays at 7:30 p.m. A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54. Rossland, B.C.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, No. 10, S. P.
of C, holds propaganda meeting"
every Sunday afterni.on at 2:30 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation Is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings
Business meetings are held the first*
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hsll. Pnrtv
organisers take notice. T. W. Brown,
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Aus-
tin, Secretary.	
8. P. of C. Businsss meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. dayman, Secretary.
LOCAL SANDON, B. C, No. 31, 8. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 n.m
ln the Sandon   Miners'   Untor   Hal'
Sommunlcattons    to    ba    addressed
rawer K. Bandnn. B. C.	
LOCAL VICTORIA, No. 2. S. P. of C—
Headquarters and reading room 576
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meet-
Ing Sunday, 8 p. m. Empress Theatre.
No. 61, meets every Friday night ai
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. Johr
Melnnts, Secretary; Andrew Allen
Business meeting every Sundav, 10:80
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:80 a.m. (for afternoon
shift). 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Pro-
8agenda meeting every Sunday 8 p.m
[eadquarters: .Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary.
Joseph Naylor.
8. P, of C.—Business meeting even
flrst Sunday of the month and props,
ganda meeting every third Sundav
Room open tn everybody at 613 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary
P. Anderson, Barnet, B. C.
Finnish. Meets every sepond at"*
Fourth Thursdays in the month nt 31?
Hastings St. East. Ovia Lind, Secretary.
LOCAL VANCOUVER No. 1, 8. P. of C.
Business meeting every Tuesday even
Ing at Headnuarters. 213 .Hastings St
Fast, H. Rahlm, Secretary,
S. P. of C—Meet flrst and third
Sunday of the month In Socialist Hall.
Secretary, J. N. Hlntsa, Oibson's
Heights, B. C.
Miners' Hall and Opera House, Prons
ganda meetlna» at 8 p.m. on the flrst
and third Sundays of the month, fiusl
ness meetings on Thursday evening*'
following propaganda meetings at 6
Organiser, T. Bteele. Coleman. Alt*
Secretary, Jas, Glendenning, Box S3
Colemsn. Alts. Vtsltors may rsc.lt*'
Information any dav at Miners' H.r
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 13, Coleman, Alia
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First Si
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Wednesday at 7:80 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to ths pun
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dallv
Secretary, J. A. 8. Smith, 623 Flrat St.-
Organiser, W. Stephenson.
of C—Business meeting every Batnr
day evening at 8 o'clock at the head
auarters, 134 Ninth Ave. Weat
. K. Read, Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades Hali, I p.m
Business meeting, second Frldav. *
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Oen
Mel., Secretary.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Sun
daya in the month, at 4 p.m., tr
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Pea
cock, Box 1963
OF C—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln the Trades Half.
Economic class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
Secretary, J. Harrison. 102 Hochefaga
St.   A. Stewart, Organizer.
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 p.m.. In Labor Temple,
James St Business meeting directly
after propaganda meeting. Secretat v.
J. O'Brien, Room 12, 530 Main St.
LOCAL OTTAWA, No'. 8, S. P. of C—
Business meetings flrst Sunday ' In
month In the Labor Hall, 210 Bank
Btreet, at 8 p.m. Secretary, Sam Hor-
with, "The White Book Store," 144
Rldeau Street, Ottawa,
Timos Mams
.. CorTmoHTtae.
Anrone tensing • ■sect, sttid dHcrlptlon rw
qnlfklr uoertsln onr opinion (ris wsstnir sn
iMi»iirKilr«.nMeiiUal. MSDtMs onPUniu
■ont Ires, (inert uenor for traits fswntt.
Patents taken tbronsb kutui iTJo. Motive
at-rtt1 sotlet, without cb.ru, la tSt
ScKMific Htttericait.
A. handKDMi   ntutntad m*Mj.   I*wet 4-*
eolation pTat.*  HileiitlOe Journal,    Termi lor
CsvrtavU. pn * ;«ai, |NNtiti (.r*p»M.   Bold try
TIME!. — Headquarters in Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open even
evening. Bub In ens and propaganda
meeting; at headquarters every Thurtv
day at 8 p. m, Atfred Nash, aeeretary
Box 158; Harold G. Robs, organiser
Box 606.	
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:90 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'iam Allen, Seen*
tary, Box 344.
for tha purpose of educating th-
Ukralnean worker* to the revolution
ary principles of this party. Thi
Ukranfan Federation publish their ow>
weekly organ, "Nova Hronwla" <N*?v
Society), &t 449 Klnlntlno Ave., K<i
monton, Alta. English comrades d*>
slrfng Information re the Federation
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
The matter for this page is furnished hy Secretary of the Dominion Executive   of the Socialist Party of Canada
The revolutionary army Is growing.
The end is ln sight.   Lend a hand.
The workers are learning how to use
the ballot Intelligently. Educators are
the necessity ot the day to put others
on the right track.
Returns for the Presidential campaign in the States are not all in yet.
The Socialist vote has passed the 900-
000 mark.
\ The latest published statistics of the
English coal Industry show that on an
average six miners are killed and 150
Injured every working day,
Victor Merger was defeated by a fusion ticket In the Milwaukee conteBt.
Returns Indicate that George T.Brewer
has been elected to the congress from
Kansas on the Socialist ticket.
You will probably send a Christmas
present to some of your friends. Let
us suggest that you send them one of
the Socialist books advertised In another column.
Most of the returns from the States
show enormous gains In the Socialist
vote. In Ohio, for Instance, there were
92,000 votes polled as against 33,000 in
In New York there are 80,000 women
who support their husbands. It may
be the men won't work, but the
chances are that they cannot obtain
access to the machines on account of
the cheaper female labor.
Local Vancouver No. 69 will hold Its
regular meeting on Sunday, December
the flrat, tor the nomination of candidates for the municipal elections. Don't
forget the date—Sunday, December
1st, 3 p. m.
It the elephant knew his power no
man would lead or drive him. If the
workers knew their power they could
also refuse to be led or driven. They
could command wealth and comfort
(or all.
What a glorious time this western
coast wilt have when the Panama canal Is finished. We will get cheaper
food, cheaper clohtes, cheaper necessities, and cheaper labor, a glorious
time Indeed—for the capitalists.
Rates and taxes are paid Out of the
surplus-value taken from the working
class by their exploiters. The workers receive ln wages enough to cover
their cost of subsistence, consequently
they have nothing wherewith to pay
Australia ia governed by a "Labor
Government" At present boys from
12 to 21 years of age are undergoing
imprisonment for refusing to serve under the "Compulsory Military Service
Bill," which the Labor Government
has passed.
The 1916 presidential campaign has
already been started In the States
There will be many thousands more to
help ln this than In the last. Thousands of tons more literature will be
distributed during the next four years
than the previous four and we In Canada are doing what?   '
Our prosperous farmers have been
forced to work Sundays during threshing operations and of course their spiritual welfare had to be looked after,
so the members of the Lord's Day Alliance had the police put a stop to lt,
How would you like to go back to the
Hon. R. H. Brand, C.M.G., of London,
Eng., states that Canada is able to
bbtaln money In Britain at a lower
rate than any other country or any
portion of the empire. The reason Is
that the Canadian slave Is far more
cheaper and far more productive than
those of other countries.
Canada needs workers In its revolutionary army. How many of you are
ready to get out and .distribute leaflets? How many of you will send in
for a bundle of leaflets at one fifty
a thousand? If we Issue a leaflet 15x
10 once a month will you endeavour to
get them distributed? Send us a postcard so that we can tell how many of
you are ready to put your shoulder
to the wheel. '.
Five mining and smelting-companies
ln British Columbia have paid dividends aggregating $932,000 .for the
year to date and every cent of lt was
the outcome of hard work on the part
of the working class. O you mutts,
when will vou wake up to the fact that
the Socialist Party is,In the Held for
the capture of the-governmant so as
to give to tbe workers the full product
of their toll?
Socialism is a science. It Is neither
a scheme nor a theory. It Is the
science of society. By the study of
this science your are able to determine how the people of past and pres-
ent society obtain their living. After
having found out how we of the present system obtain our living we are
able to determine what form of so-
iety Is necesBsry for the benefit of tbe
human race.
'The amount of capital Invested by
British capitalists ln South America Is
$2,775,000,000, Interest and dividends
from this amount to $125,000,000 per
year. In all probability these investors have'never seen South America.
With scientific management and ownership of the meanB of wealth production by the working class, this $125,-
000,000 now going to the capitalists
would be trebled and the working class
would get the benefit of it.
The slaves of the United States have
elected a new government, but they
wljl still work for their old bosses,
for ihe same miserable pitance, for
the same low wages and long hours;
will still be compelled to live in mis-
erable hovels. Women and children
will still toll for the benefit of a parasitic class. Prostitution will continue
Insanity will Increase. Drunkenness
will Increase. Poverty will Increase,
and so will profit?;
0"ing to the Increase In-the- need
of 'nmale labor ln our prosperous coun-
tn, the residents of Montreal and
> Toronto have been forced to' collect
funds for the building of day nurseries,
the object of which Is to care for the
children of mothers who are compelled
io go out to'V&wJriystera that forces
the Sen»ratlojl'.#f Ut» mother trom her
young Is to be condemned for that one
thing alone and yet some of bur
friends (?) say that "socialism will
destroy the home."
"L'Humanlte" states'on good authority that a new crime, similar to tne
murder of Ferrer, Is being contemplated by the Spanish government.
Senor Ramon Folch, Radical member
of the Municipal Council of Barcelona,
has been condemned, to death by a military tribunal. He Is accused of bar-
Ing directed a revolutionary group dur.
ing the events of the "tragic week"
three years ago. "L'Humanlte" adds
that ahould the execution take place lt
would prove fatal to the Spanish Monarchy.
Production Is carried on today purely In the Interest and for the profit
of the class which owns the means
of wealth production, I.e., mills, mines,
factories, railroads, etc. These ma-
chines are worked collectively by the
working class and the products belong
to the class that owns the machines,
The working class must have aceas
to these machines In order to live,
therefore it would be lo the benefit
of all If the working class owned that
which they must have access to In
order to exist. The object of the So*
delist party then, Is the collective
ownership of the means of wealth production.     V
The nert Dominion elections will
likely be fought on the "Naval Policy."
We don't give a hang whether Canada
has a navy or not. The country is not
ours and our only enemies are the
capitalist class. We note that the
Malay States have offered a Dreadnought costing $7,000,000 to the defense of the Empire, Premier Borden
suggests that we, the proud possessors
of a prosperous country, contribute at
least $30,000,000 to the defense of
our (?) empire. Millions tor murder
machines, whilst the working class are
living In abject poverty. No, we don't
want armie'B or navies, what we want
is the full product ot our toll.
The elections for the Norwegian Storthing, which took place on October 21,
had, as far as at present is known, the
following results: Liberals of the
Left, 170,943 votes, 33 seats; Conservatives and' "Progressives," 160,909
votes, 15 seats;'Social-Democrats, 120.-
077 votes, 9 Beats, At the time ot writing the results for a few consltuencles
are not yet to hand, so that there Is a
probability of 4.000 or 5,000 more votes
being added. But even without these
the vote constitutes an enormous Increase since 1909, when the Socialists
polled 91,268. Since 1906 their vote
has nearly trebled Itself. The fact Is
remarkable that while 59,698 Socialist
votes Were polled ln the town, a still
greater number, 60,379, were secured
In the country districts.
Organising Report
Comrades: From the time I last reported until'I left Alberta for British
Columbia I did not keep count of the
number ot meetings, but was busy as
usual. I had a few meetings amongst
the farmera before the harvest season.
Since then the farm slaves have been
too busy to attend meetings, so I have
been doing propaganda work ln the
Rocky Mountain district; also spoke
twice ln Edmonton and Calgary and
once at Beaver Creek mines.
Am In Alberta again and will hand
out the dope to the wage slaves of this
Province and help put a few more wise
before our masters spring another election upon us—C. M. O'BRIEN.
Tha Substitute Life
The cost of. meet went soaring up
To figures past belief,
Till Jones upon his table had
A substitute for beef,
The price of clothes went kiting up,
His purse was far from full,
And so Jones Wore upon his back
A substitute for wool.
The cost of land and rent went'up,
Wherever he might roam,
Till Jones could only live within
A substitute for home.
At last poor Jones himself,went up
And fared exceeding well;
"Come In,' St Peter said, "you've had
Your substitute for hell!"
—New York Sun.
Question Box.
. Questions of general Interest will be
answered In this column. No attempt,
however, will be made to split hairs,
Write questions separately and sign
name, but only initials will be used in
• •   /
G. W., Nakusp, B. C, asks if compensation was better or easier to obtain
before the Compensation Act was
passed than after.
• •   •
Am not In a position to be able to
answer that question, but 1 do know
that between the capitalist class and
the working class there can be no such
thing as compensation—it Is not compensation to hand back a small part of
stolen goods to those from whom lt
was stolen.    ,
It looks suspicious anyway when we
see a capitalist government passing a
law to grant "compensation" to the
worker—lt must be some other reason
than love for the working man that
prompted the act It may be because
the capitalist knows his game \t safe
so long as he can keep his slaves busy
chasing reforms or '-'something now."
If "compensation" Is easier to obtain
now than before the act was passed,
It Is because the workerB can no longer be trusted to support the capitalist
ticket blindly on election day; If it Is
harder now than before, lt Is because
the capitalists hope to be able to keep
the ballot out of the hands of a majority of the workers, as they have succeeded In doing owing largely to the
stupid indifference of said workers. .
No serious attention can be paid to
working men who strive to "better
their condition" between election days,
and then on that day go to the polls
and vote the same tioket as their capitalist masters.
When, however, you Bee the Workers
begin-to form a strong political organ-
izatlon by Joining the Socialist Party-
getting every last worker's name on
voters' list, and then on election day
proceeding to fill the houses of legislature with men ot their own class,
who know the cause of poverty and
how to remove lt (none others need
apply), then you will know that the
day of "compensation" has ended, and
the day of retribution has dawned.
• •   /
S. E. G. writes as follows:—Seeing
that the sale of a commodity implies
a purchase, does this Imply that sales
and purchases compensate each other
or maintain an equilibrium?
If you could see the large number of
packages of "labor-power" going about
the streets of Vancouver just now looking for a purchaser you would not
have asked that question. The fact
that they evidently fall to flnd said purchaser rather Implies thai your question must be answered ln the negative.
Local Winnipeg No. 1
Local St. John No. 6
Per M. Tarik :	
... 3.15
. 2.05
...   .10
The following appeared In a dispatch sent out from Washington, D. C,
and Is another proof of that prosperity
that spell-binders have been talking
about for the past two months.
The dispatch Ib as follows:
"Washington, Oct. 28.—'Dear ma. I
have lo work too hard and ain't going
to do It any more. You said I had to
take the clothes home—If I didn't you
would scold. God don't want me ln
His kingdom come.'
"After writing the above note yesterday afternoon, John Link, 10 years old,
youngest son of Mrs. Sarah Link, of
Capital Heights, shot himself In the
forehead with a small rifle, dying In-
stsntly. His mother has struggle! for
two years In an ellort to support a family of five."
The tragic end of a boy 10 years of
age Is an awful Indictment against a
civilisation that banishes from the human heart the last vestige of hope.
John Link, though but 10 years ot age,
had become tired of life. The pangs
of poverty and hunger were penalties
too great for this boy to endure to prolong a miserable existence.
What must have been the thoughts
of this boy, pauperized tn his childhood, when he penned that pathetic
Bentence: "God don't want me ln his
kingdom come."
This boy had lost faith In man and
God. and, peering Into the future, he
could see nothing save the dark gloom
of adversity, and with despair In his
heart he put an end to a itfe that had
no sunlight.
Such are the tragedies of an Industrial system that snatch the boy and
girl from the playgrounds of childhood
and make them the victims of wage
slavery.—Miners' Magazine.
"I've tried all kinds of health foods,
but none of them seems -to. fit my
"What Is It you are troubled with?"
"An appetite."—United Mine Workers' Journal.  .
J. W„ Winnipeg, In reference to the
law of the fall In rate of profit, wants
to know If It is not possible for profits
to fall so low that the capitalist in a
starving condition would clamour tor
something to do!
Such a condition may happen, and
tTors hapten to Individual capitalists,
but does not effect in the least the
capitalists' class as a whole. It is
with the capitalist class that we must
deal in all such matters, A relation
of mine was a capitalist, and lost all
hla property, but it* fell Into the hands
of other capitalists. As long as labor-
power Ib a commodity It can never be
possible for the capitalist class to
reach the condition you mention. We
must not forget that the real wage
(that Is the amount of commodities a
working man can pudchase with Us
wages) Is falling. We may as well get
wtse to the fact now as later, that the
condition of the working class will
continue to get worse-under capitalism. The longer capitalism endures,
the more desperate the condition of
the workers will become.
What happens tor the Individual capitalist or Individual workera is apart
from the question of Socialism. When i
we read.of some capitalist losing a'
million dollars In Wall Street we must
remember that the million dollars is
not lost, but merely changes hands-
some other capitalist gets it. Glad to
see you are so Interested in the
paper:  Come again—Salnach.
We happened In a home the other
night, and over the parlor door saw
the legend worked in letters ot red—
'•What is Home without a Mother?"
Across the room was another brief,"
"God Bless our Home."   '
Now, what's the matter with "God
Bless our Dad?" He gets up early,
lights the fire, boils an egg, and wipes
the dew off the lawn with his boots
while many a mother Is sleeping. He
makes the weekly hand-out for the
butcher, the grocer, the milkman and
the baker, and his little pile Is badly
worn before he has been home an
If there Is a noise in the night, Dad
is kicked ln the back and made to flnd
the burglar and kill him. Mother darns
the socks, but Dad bought the socks tn
tbe first place, and the needles and
yarn afterwards. Mother does up the
fruit; well, dad bought it all, and Jars
and sugar cost like the mischief
Dad buys the chickens for Sunday
dinner, serves them himself and draws
the neck from the ruins after every
one else is served. "What Is Home
without a Mother?" Yes, that's all
right But "What Is Home without a
Father?" Ten chances to one Its a
boarding house. Father Is under a
slab, and the landlady Is the widow.
Dad, here's to you. You've got your
faults—you may have lots of 'em, but
you're all right, and w'll miss you
when youre gone.—Sacklopedla, April,
The workers constitute ninety per
cent of the population. Ninety per cent
of the people never need to ask anybody for. anything—they can always
get what they want—when they want
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 26c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 60c
Due Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each   6c
Receipt Books, each  10c
Warrant Books, each.. 26c
In aR countries. Ask for our INVENTOR'S
ADVISER, which will be sent free.
M* Itovmltr SUsr. SICatterins Sl.MoKtu.
TfaeB.C. Federationist
has a bona fide paid-up circulation of 7200
We are determined to shove it up to the
10,000 mark by February I, 1913. To
stimulate the efforts of sub. rustlers, we will
give-free-a complete set of the "Library of
Original Sources" to the reader who sends
The Federationist in the greatest number of
subs, between now and February 1, 1913
Library of Original Sources
Should bt
Read by
Every Unionlet
Telling of a popular uprising ln mediaeval Knglaml,
and how the people got their rights.   A rare document  ot   greatest   Interest   and  Importance   to
John ■parro i "Most helpful.
Ought to be in ever library."
Walter Lohrenti, Wash.: "A
boon to workingmen who have
not time nor money to get a
college  education."
A. It Unions i "Superior to
encyclopedias: will be read
when novels are forgotten,"
a M. Bine, Wash.: "I am
urging all my friends to secure your great work."
Oeo. »ae, Alberta, Can.: "Just
the thing to help turn the
wheels of progress."
rred Warren i "Most Important production; a Local couli
not make a better Investment."
Arthur K. Lewis t "The most
valuable part of my library,"
O. ». OylflT, Cdltor Enterpriser: "The best book Investment I ever made."
jaok London. "A library
boiled down. I never could
spare these ten volumes from
my library."      "~
Imeet Vntennawi "The volumes.will be my most valuable
companions tills winter."
The Library of Original Sources
clears away the bigotry, and superstition that has accumulated around
religion, law', government, education, etc.—brings to light the naked truth
and ahowe why leolellem Is coming. Thla* wonderful'library gives the
authoritative sources of knowledge In all fields of thought—Socialist Philosophy, science, education, etc. The rock-bottom facts which for centuries
.capitalist writers have deliberately kept from the people.
Gives—for the flnt time- the real facts behind the ordinary surface
events-which you read of In histories—the rock-bottom facts red-hoi from
those daring men In all ages who had the courage to,tell the TRUTH
even though they lost their lives for It—and you know how many of
them did.
Ten "Fed" Sub.
Cards $7.50
Alaisssi B. O. r«4.rattonls», Boom ilO, Labor T.mpls, Tanoonw, B. 0.
Artistic printing is our occupation. If you are preparing
a catalogue or booklet, circular or announcement or any
other matter designed to make your business increase, our
services will be of value to you.
Labor Temple, Entrance on Homer St.
Verifying the Opinion Ex-
pressed by the Leading
■ ■ ' ' *    ' ' ' -' i■'    ■■'  ■'"   ' Baaaaaaammaaam■' ■■■ ■■—
Merchants of Vancouver
Printer's Ink, the recognized authority on advertising questions, after a
thorough Investigation on the subject,
"A Labor paper Is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper in comparison to circulation, A
Labor paper, for example, having 2,000
subscribers, is more valuable to the
business man who advertises In lt than
an ordinary paper with 6,000 subscribe
Only Labor Paper in British Columbia
Published weekly by the B. C. Federatlonist. Ltd,, owned jointly by Trades
and Labor Council and the B. C.  Federation of Labor, with which la
affiliated 18,000 organised wage workers.
Office:   Room 210, Labor Temple. Phone:   Seymour 8890. '    '     ^.pu WaaaaammaaaaamaaMas
FRIDAY.......... NOVEMBER 22, Ull
Scotch Wool Blankets
This Is a good line to become acquainted with, in fact it Is the
best line that we know of at the price. All pure wool, full weight
and positively free from any foreign substance. Come and
inspect these blankets and compare them with any that you have
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at the same prices— anywhere.
The highest grade of work combined with the best of materials is assured those who purchase this kind of furniture here.
We make any style that you require, and our range ot coverings
is very extensive. Price, too, Is a desirable feature—Ihe lowest
consistent with quality. Let us figure on some of this furniture
for you.  We can please you.
d&nrnnn Brpualr, Ctmttro
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Good quality in clothing as in
everything else is never oheap.
A dollar saved below a reasonable price, is more than likely,
poor economy in the long run.
Campbell's Clothing
is not the lowest priced,-; but it
has the absolutely honest value
of materials and workmanship
whioh makes the buying of it a
real economy.
23 Hastings Street East
The   Campbell Clothing Man
An Immence stock of Blankets, Pillows, Comforters, Beds. Frices right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving during the patt few days.   The culmination of weeka of careful
effort, backed by our long experience.   It will pay you to investigate.
White Cotton ruled Oomfortsis,    Yorkshire Wool Blankats, S lbs.
 W.M, MOO, SO.BO, S3.00  13.71
MoUatook li loss' Sown Qnllts,    Yorkshire Wool -Blankets, 6 lbs.
 .™ M.SO to 148.50  *4.7»
Fare netos Wool Blankets, a to    Yorkshire  Wool Blankets, 7 lbs.
10 lbs. pair W.oo, llo.es      ._;   w.75
Ckaranttoa feather Knows, pall, (MS to *M0
MSTOTOW IT. Will       Between Abbott and OanaU.
Two-piece overallsuits'.specialiy
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
i» i     n e •«. •    ** oa 34. Made of stoiit black denim,
ITICC Ker SUIt, any Size J180 cut full and strongly put together.
809-815 Hastings       ~
Street West
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open   from   9  a. in.   to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hasting!
Ten "Fed." Sub Cards for $7.50
Order today—sell at $1.00 each and pay for when sold
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
' TERMS: Residence on the land lor at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C. Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
Reports of  Committee* Finally
DUposed of at Adjourned Meeting of Central Labor Body.
Denouncing the Boy Scout movement as an attempted revival ot militarism, the Parliamentary Committee
of the Trades and Labor Council
brought forward a resolution at the
Council's meeting on Thursday evening recommending the organization to
look upon the movement with apprehension and grave forebodings.
In placing this resolution before the
Council, the committee stated that
they considered the success of such a
movement not only dangerous to the
future peace of the world, but held
that it would be a menace and a power
ln the hands of the master class to be
used against workers as they straggled
to Improve their conditions and to
bring about the final emancipation of
the class from a state of wage slavery.
Therefore the committee appealed to
the working class to counteract the
movement as much aa possible by
teaching their children the horrors of
war and the helpless and servile conditions imposed upon them on becoming members Of the army or navy.
They also appealed to all parents to
keep their children away from all organisations and private Institutions
which fostered the Boy Scout movement
That a member of the Council
should have tbe hardihood to defend
militarism came as a surprise and a
shock, but with the courage of his convictions—Ill-judged though those convictions might be—that was what Delegate Mattison did.
Not, said he, until he was satisfied
that the laws and customs of all powerful nations were equal to those of
his own—Great Britain—would he disapprove of militarism. History taught
them that nations wouid take advantage of nations If they dared, and it
was only the danger of conflict which,
prevented them from attempting to ox-
teud their territory. A nation that aspired to rule the world and did not
grant tho fullest freedom to Its own
citizens would bo hard to tolerate if It
ever grew strong enough to force into
submission a nation like Great Britain,
or the United States,, the citizens of
which had for so long enjoyed free
institutions, laws and customs. The
rights of citizenship they enjoyed at
the present day had been won by sreat
sacrifice, and oren hy bloodshed
through Internal Btrlfe. The only freedom people required was the franchise
•o elect those they deemed lit lo govern them! When conditions were not
what they should be, people blamed
everybody and ovorythlng but themselves.
Then the other delegates fell on
rolcgate Jiattlson, and, metaphorically, tore him Into minute particles,
and when they had finished wlth.hlm
there was not sufficient left to hold tt"
satisfactory inquest on.
taate pulled the
r&l       _
sought to IrJl
military were parada
Comparisons were drawn between
Great Britain and the United States
and Russia, In which last named country education was not so advanced as
In the two former. There was not so
much of the result of their toll taken
away from the workers ln Russia, as,
working chiefly with hand tools, they
did not produce so much as did the
laboring classes of the other two countries.
Militarism, It was stated, simply
forced men to work against their wills.
Delegate Pettipiece pointed out that
the American Federation of Labor had
passed a similar resolution at many
conventions in the past, and that body
could not be regarded as being particularly revolutionary. He had three
boys and three girls who went to the
public schools, and when they came
home they would sit at the piano and
pound out "The Maple Leaf Forever,"
and such tommy-rot that was positively nauseating. The only method
In which .workers could express themselves was by passing resolutions.
They were slaves of the capitalist
class, who would not let them have
Industrial freedom. He would rather
Bee a boy of his lowered Into his grave
that night than that he should join the
Boy Scout movement or any similar
The recommendation of the Parliamentary Committee was concurred In
with only one dissentient-voice.
A resolution was unanimously
passed that the city council be aBlied
to Insert In the False Creek agreement thr' the C. N. R. pay the union
wage which city employees were receiving.
Another recommendation which
brought out some creditable discussion
was that the city council be requested
to have an emergency hospital placed
at the police station, and that a police
; There never was a time, perhaps, ln
the whole history of labor In this
country, when there was such an opportunity for organization as there is
now, neither was there ever a time
when the necessity was greater, says
tbe. Machinists' Journal.
Many things have entered Into combination to bring about this condition,
things and elements that never had to
be considered before In the labor
Mighty forces created by great com-
blnatlons of capital and of effort have
made the more thorough and complete organization of the workers a
primal necessity, and which, lt Ignored
and left undone, will be more than
disastrous to the cause of labor;
Combination and co-operative effort,
is the only thing that will not only
bring us greater measure of relief, Increased liberty and Improvement nf
condition, but they are absolutely
necessary to enable us to hold what
we have already-gained and prevent
their sacrifice.
Many hands are uplifted against the
organization of labor, particularly the
handa of those who recognize In It the
only formidable champion of the
lowly against the encroachments of
privileged power and monopoly,
The privileged tew and the parasitical many are opposed tb labor's
advancement, and because of this they
would not only retard and check any
forward movement' on the part of
labor, but would make it criminal for
all who toll and sweat to organize for
mutual protection and Improvement.
To circumvent the desires of nil such
and to prevent them from putting
what they desire Into practice, lt Is
necessary that labor should organize
along trade union lines, and there
never was a time like the present to
do lt, nor a time, aB 'already stated,
when the necessity was greater.
In order that the forces of labor
should advance and. have a fair promise of success in return for their
efforts, it Is first necessary to enlist
the great majority of workers Into the
grand array ot organized labor.
After that comes their education,
Int flrat of all must come the enlistment.
Every effort must be made to bring
as many as possible Into line, for the
real strength of any movement, particularly of an economic nature, lies
In the number of those who have
Identified themselves with lt in Its advancement and growth.
No stone, should be left unturned,
nothing left undone that would be
conductive to success or aid ln the
work of organization; no task should
be considered too great that has for
Its end tbe enrollment of a greater
membership in the ranks of labor,
for it Ib only by sacrifice and effort In
this direction that the plan can be perfected that will protect the worker and
make his position secure. ■.
The most successful plan of organization, the plan that has given the best
results nnd brought the greatest returns, the best one of all, is the one
which can be carried on by every Indl-
*    unionist every day of his
But Insufficient Provision li Made
for. Penalty and Enforcement
of Law Governing Dairiei
We are all at one period of our lives
more or less addicted to the bottle—
the milk bottle, and that being bo it la
gratifying to learn that the milk commission and the city health department are doing so much, despite
statements to the contrary, to Improve
the quality of the milk supplied to the
Just as closely as this question concerns the rich, so -does lt affect the
laboring classes, for all start off in the
handicap of life with the Inability to
fend for themselves.
Milk Is the staple food of the poor
man's child, as lt Is the principal ar
tide of diet of the rich man's off-
spring, and ln Its quality there has
been a notable Improvement in the
last tour years.
One of the lending doctors ot the
city told the health committee the
other day that four years ago he could
not conscientiously recommend any
milk In the city being given to Infants,
but now certain dairies supplied milk
which he could conscientiously recommend.
If, by the way, these dairies who
wish the readers ot The Federatlonist
to know which they are, they can
easily realise their desires through
the medium of the advertising
columns, an attention which the business manager will strive adequately to
An appalling state of things existed
at one time here In all conscience, and
the poor people had to take the horrible stuff that was doled out to them
or go without. '
But now a much better state ot
things Is prevalent, but the condition
Is not even yet Ideal,
The milk commission seeks to have
legislation enacted which will put out
of business the dairyman who will not
do right, and at the same time will
proteet the one who is honestly strlv-
Ing.to give to the public milk of a high
standard of purity.
The provincial' authorities are fully
alive to the beauties of catering to the
capitalist class, but they do not seem
to take much Interest in the welfare
of the little citizens who cannot help
themselves, and who must, perforce,
take what they can get.
No law Beems to exist by which the
vendor of Impure milk can be punished,
nor does the provincial legislature
seem to be worrying Itself over the
matter.   -
Such work as has been done has
heen of an entirely voluntary character, and all honor be to those who have
Bought to give the residents'a pure
But much still remains to be done,
and tbe government must be forced
by the sheer weight of public opinion,
to enact legislation which will punish
the evil-doer, the one by whose unwholesome milk much Infantile sickness Is caused.
We have not much ubo for governments of the kind that holds sway ln
British Columbia, but here Is one time
ben they can do some real good,
" service to the coming gen-
that attends	
ual working quietly as an'   _
It Is the trade unionist Imbued wl
the true spirit of unionism, working
steadily and quietly for the good he
can do, mocked, jeered and misunderstood and ofttimes discriminated
against and maligned, but who struggles manfully along tbe path he has
selected who shows the biggest gains
in the end.
There is not a man ln any organization who has not the opportunity of
adding to the membership by tbls
means, if he but made the effort.
It will not be necessary at all times
to make any degree of sacrifice to gain
a new member and no one need be
fearful of consequences should they
make the effort.
A word or two ln advocacy of unionism whenever the opportunity occurs
and a fair statement of what lt Involves and the good that will conje to
all who toil when they are thoroughly
organized, will do more good and more
thorough work for organisation than
bluster or brass bands.
It is the quiet worker ln the shop
who quietly informs his non-unionist
fellow workman about the benefits
that will come through organization,
and who points out that it Is a duty we
owe to each other to be mutually helpful that builds up the trade union and
has placed it ln the position that It
now occupies.
It Is the same quiet man, steadily
and conscientiously at work, never
tiring and never ceasing, who will
eventually place the trade union movement on the high plane It Ib destined
to occupy and for which it was origin-
ally conceived.
The time Is ripe, the harvest Is
ready. Take your place among the
workers and help with all the zeal ln
the night schi
couver as a part ot the~pul
system.   Sixty-two Instructors are employed.
Opposes Boy Scout Movement.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, at an adjourned meeting last week,
once more reaffirmed Its opposition to
the Boy Scout movement and the Inculcation of the spirit of militarism.
Trainmen's Bail,
The Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen will give
their sixth annual hall In Dominion
Hall on Nov. 28, Thursday evening.
Tickets can he had at Ferguson Bros,
tobacconist, 39 Hastings St. East.
Porcupine Miners' Strike.
The Miners' unions of the Porcupine, Ont., district have decided, by
referendum vote, to call a general
strike of their membership, rather
than accept a reduction of 25 cents per
day In wages, at a time when the
wages should be even higher to meet
the decrease in purchasing power.
Considerably over 1,000 men are directly affected.
Miners to Ask for Bosrd.
District 6 of the Western Federation
of Miners, with headquarters at Sandon, B. C, will probably ask for a
federal board, under the provisions of
the Industrial Disputes And Investigation Act, for the purpose of lining up
some of the mining companies of the
Interior which have not yet acceded
surgeon bo ln attendance all the tinier I youV pmvertowa'rd the high idealthat, to the request of the W. F. of M. for
Cases  were  cltod   In  which  men I can only be reached through organlza-
taken to tho station had beon flung Hon.
Into a cell and treated as drunks, when I 	
In reality thoy had been "slugged.1
It was with a view to avoiding a repetition of this if possible that the recommendation was brought forward,
and It received unanimous approval.
Ths Coal Miner's Lot,
Peter Butala, 45 years old, a miner
at Coal Creek, B. C, was killed last
week by a fall of rock in No. 2 mine.
He was a Hungarian, and leaves a wife
and family In tho Old Country. He
had been mining In this province for
the past three years.
Nelson Ready for Commission
At Nelson a committee, consisting
of 0. H. Hardy, A. W. Harrod and J.
Nottman, has been appointed by the
Trades and Labor Council to appear
before (he proposed Provincial Royal
Commission on Labor.
Yea, and Much More,
Several were killed and Injured In
strike in New Zealand. By the way,
weren't Canadians told tho Industrial
disputes legislation of that colony,
upon which the Lemleux Act was
based, rendered anything In the way
of a strike Impossible?—Nelson News.
"Arbltrationlst," Indeedl
At Sydney, N. S. W., a new situation has arisen In the Walhl strike.
ArbltratlonlBts have taken complete
command of the situation. Thoy
sed the -strikers' headquarters,
burned their red flag, and sang the
National Anthem. They have ordered
the Btubborn strikers to leave Walhl
within eighteen hours.
Drath of W. R. Shier.
W.  RrBtolle Shier, a well known
labnr press  writer and socialist of
Toronto, ried last week of tuberculosis, aged 26.
Colorado Goes "Wet."
State-wide prohibition In Colorado
was defeated on  November 5 by
majority estimated at from 20,000 to
40,000.        c
"Eight-hour-day" Day.
The greatest Labor demonstration
ever seen In Sydney, Aus„ took place
on October 7, Eight Hour Day, when
77 unions, with their bands and banners, marched through the streets of
the city.
Want City Charter Amended.
The San Francisco Labor Council Ib
advocating Ihe adoption of an amendment to Ihe city charter providing that
all franchises hereafter granted shall
contain a provision for the 8-hour day
and a minimum rate of wages.
Hamilton Labor Temple,
Twelve members of Hsmllton, Ont.,
Trndes and I,nbor Council have subscribed for f 1,000 worth of shares, and
have become the provisional directors
In a $100,000 labor temple company
protect. Solicitor Wardrope has been
instructed to proceed with incorporation and other preliminaries, and the
prospects for a modern labor temple
at Hamilton In the near future are
good. "Shares will be offered to unions
as soon as the organisation of the
company Is completed.
a raise In wages.
Edmonton's Eight-hour Day.
A movement to lengthen the work
day on municipal work tn Edmonton
from eight hours to nine, is being
strenuously opposed by the 700 mem.
bers of the Brotherhood of Carpenters' union and other unions similarly
concerned. The proposal has been
staved off for two weeks, with the
prospects for its Introduction again In
the city council rather remote. Election day Is too near at hand.
Ottawa Stage Employees.
Ottawa Stage Employees' union has
raised Its Initiation fee from $25 to
150. It Is just Buch instances as these
that give a semblance of truth to many
statements made outside the trade
union movement. On the other hand,
the initiation fee of the International
Typographical Union, one ot the closest organizations on the continent, Is
only $5. The latter figure Is enough for
any union to charge for admission.
Jurisdictional Troubls at Trail.
The Mill and 8meltermon's Union at
Trail, B. C, chartered by the Western
Federation of Miners, the Jurisdiction
of which extends to all employees* In
and about the mines and smelters, Is
having some difficulty In securing the
co-operation of the local union of the
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, members of the latter refusing to
join the big parent unton at Trail,
The matter has been referred by Secretary Frank Campbell to the headquarters of both organizations In the
hope that some step will be taken to
Increase the solidarity of organized
wage-workers ln the Smelter City.
ing Hands
$100,000 worth of Staple and Fancy Goods to be Cleared Ott before
the first of the year, when a new Proprietor-hip takes,c*er ties husiness
• 10.01
1.60 Carborundum Grinders <
r.SO carborundum Grinders <
.  )-00 Carborundum Grinders I	
These are the latest model In oil
running machines.
26 only, Stanley Wood Bottom Jack
and Jointer Planes.   Values to
IS.OOj to clear at -SMI
last (Jaws In all makes; values to
12.00; for -W.se
These are fully warranted saws.
mtsTjr Bade Coptic Sews* regular
11.25 for  _ -Ma
Batata araeeei regular 11.28 for
 w ,„;, M eta
Oatjjmtsta'' Aproaa^s'eve'n pockets,
heavy brown duck; regular 11.00
and 11.26, for -fee
3, 4 and 6-inch "rapes riles, four
for  ._...._..,.•«•
6-Inch Stillson Wrenches; regular
d.oo....._..-  ^ n*
8-lnch Stillson Wrenches; regular
H.ll-.i —-, ■. Jet*
10-Inch Stillson Wrenches; rtcular
U-lrich SUris'on'wrencSs'rrwSlar
II.jj   _.. ., ..JHM
Quick out Emery.OH Stones, Tie
value for ...* ...Me
•1.00 alee for.  .Me
Builders' Hardware
Sash locks, each  ................._ee
Cupboard catches, lie, saeh .~.Je
Cssemens adjusters, bast made.lt*
Casement fasteners...... ........lie
4-ln. Japanned door butts, palr....le
Hat and coat hooks, I ao*—.,..... Jle
Drawer pulls, do* .._...«Ot
Steel butts, per pair............. le
Strap hinges, pair............—........10a
Door bolts, each—.,....-...... let
BELOW COST Is the rule of this Sate theCe-
operative pian is suspended till further notice
TELEPHONE  8EYMOUE 8472 and 3478
Shoes for Service
Shoas  tor Oral*
Shoes tor Comfort
Shoes for Cwery Koojaatsrotaot
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes, We're sit the servjoe,
of every man who desires the beat shoes hia money oan buy.'
W. J. O R R
Opposite the City Hal
Named Shoes Are rreejtientlr
Made in Non-Union factories
no matter what its name, unlets it bean a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ar*
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoe Workera' Unton
246 Summer Street, Boston, Hut.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Baine, stc.-Treas.
Honest Leather
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
THE SHOE \][.r^^^\^^  Look for the
yy   \J\Je_t9  Union Stamp
Jpot Agency
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited PAGE SIX
FRIDAY ..........NOVBMBBR II, lilt
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
We have been endeavouring to
place on the market the very
wants of working humanity, and
at last we have surpassed all previous brands of overalls for reliability In every respect, ln producing for the many particular MEN
the famous
Whale Brand
"Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
They are beyond question a
brand of overalls that ^'eneak (er
themselves." The expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a solid and
worthy reputation ONLT for the
The pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are made to suit
your "POCKETS."
and by
IS water St,    TsMOnvtr, B. 0.
SBCOaTS BABBOWS BBIoaB construction wtll soon start. Buy now before
prices jump; four large lots left: only
i a blook from waterfront, right at Sec*
ond Narrows: $560 each; quarter cash,
balance J, II, 18 months. What will
these be worth when building begins?
Whltaker ft Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experts, 430 Howe street. Van.
Union, No. 10S, W. P. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President,
George Caste!!; secretary, Frank Camp*
bell, Box 26, Trail, B. C.
Hardware and Furniture
Carpenters' Took Our Specially
Bargain sale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prlett that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Set. 955
Direct Importers of
Goods Delivered Free to all
parti of the city
Ask Your    D¥TT>T/"\
B. 0. BtBlBBt Itmi 00.
Hut* Seymour 4401
Hi Hastings W.   SSO Qranvllls
tit Hastings W.
A Cr*dit to Union Workmanship
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"Tht ■iojrcls with tht Bepntettoa"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
til KAITXKOl g*. 1.
Phone iaymimr 760a	
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age tf Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll.... 20c
The People's Bookstore
1S2 Cordova W.
Stoves and Nice Warm
for the cool weather at
897 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8749
We can furnish|wWtyouiei|
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
and Shetland Ponies for Balo
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Plenty of Union-made Hats
At the Ltadtr *2 Hat
Store, corner Hastings
and Abbott Sts. Hsra
you will find evtry conceivable style, color and
size of union hats. You
havt unrettrlcttd choice
of thousands •' hsts,
soft or stiff, to stltct
from at one price—»2
—her* Instead of paying more elesewhere.
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Eighth Annual Blue Label Publicity Social Participated in by
Over Six Hundred.
The Clgarmakers' eighth annual
Blue Label masquerade ball, held Friday evening In the Dominion hall, vas
a grand success. All the proceeding
ones were In the same class and Indications point to more successful ones,
No other society or union call approach the Clgarmakers in tbls line
of entertainment. We hold these an.
nual dances solely for the purpose of
advancing the use of our Blue Label.
Every patron becomes a booster tor
the local, and when you consider we
have over six hundred present at
every ball, you can readily see what
a good advertisement lt Is for us.
Four hundred and thirty-three dollars
were taken ln at the box office, and
the committee sold a number of tickets besides, which brought the attendance well over six hundred, Mr.
Chas. Parsons for the eighth time
acted as master of ceremonies,' Har.
pur's union orchestra played all the
latest selections to the satisfaction of
all. Miss Salem won the gold watch
with coupon 656. Hi Shaver, with
coupon 165, won the gent's tqmbola
prise. Mr. R. C. Boyce, representing
Kurtz's Royal Honor, got $10 for Ms
Idea. Miss Anita Slavich and R. War-
am were the best sustained characters. Mrs. Buttle and Mrs. C. M. Buol-
ter were the most elegantly dressed,
while Madame Pelletler and J. Hart
were the most original. Happy Lam.
brlch was the tramp of tramps. Mist
Williams got the colored character
prize, and Mr. W. Williams the national character prize. The judges'
decisions met with approval. The
"Home Walts" was pltyed at 8 In
the morning, when all left with Intentions of coming back again next
year. R. J. C.
B. C. F. of L. Convention Number.
The Federationlst's B. C. Federation
of Labor convention number Is now
In the printer's hands and will be Issued as the regular edition on December 28.
Better Traitor Than Murderer.
". . . Those who denounce militarism are traitors to their country,
tor there Is a motto, 'SI vis pacem
para bellum' (It you want peace, prepare for war) that each and all of us
should do well to remember!"—Kamloops Standard.
Shingle Weaver*,
Many of the shingle mills In Washington, Michigan and Wisconsin are
closing down for the season. This
fact retards the campaign of organisation which has been on among the
shingle weavers for some time. Owing to the fact that the Ballard, Wash.,
shingle mills have resumed operation
after a month's closedown, organization work will again be taken up there.
"Risks" Capitalists Don't Takt
Being struck by the ponderous hammer of the pile-driver at the new C. N.
R. bridge on the North Thompson and
Instantly killed was the fate of a labor
er named J. Swanson.   Deceased had
walked out on a plank to adjust the
iron ring over the piles that previ
the  tops  from
 . The deceased leaves
and child.
A, F. of L. and tht Brlcklayars.
Obeying the Instructions given by
you at our last Convention that the
Bricklayers and Masons should again
be Invited to affiliate with the A, F. of
L., we authorised President Oompers
and Mr. James Short, President ot the
Building Trades Department of the
A. F. ot L., to attend the Convention
of the Bricklayers' and Masons' International Union, then ln session at St.
Joseph, Missouri, and as duly apn-
polnted representatives of the A, F. of
L., to urge the affiliation of that organisation with the Federation. Important matters ln connection with our
movement having arisen to prevent
President Oompers attending the Convention, he addressed a letter to the
officers and delegates of that Convention, which President Short submitted.
President Short jvas cordially received, read President Oompers' letter,
and addressed the Convention. The
matter of affiliation was therefore or
dered to be submitted to a referendum
vote, which thus far has not been
taken, but we are advised that the
matter will be submitted to a referendum vote of the membership In the
very near future—from A. F. of L.
executive report.
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
tj When you buy your suits
from ui you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
«J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are anuied of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
Junk Dealers Pote At
"Public Benefactors"
James H. McVety.
The Second Hand Dealera' Protective Association, otherwise the
junk men, has asked the city
council to recommend its members for stolen goods found In
their possession and returned to their
rightful owners hy the police. Tbe argument on which they base their request Is that nearly all the stolen
goods found by the police are found
on their premises through the medium
ot the weekly report they furnish the
police department
If I read the news Item correctly,
the assumption Is that tbe Junk men
are reporting to the police because ot
their earnest desire to lose goods for
which they have paid. Such, however,
Is hot the case. The weekly report of
articles purchased is not optional with
the dealers, but mandatory and. Is required according to the provisions of a
city bylaw which provides a One for
non-observance. Indeed, so difficult Is
It to keep track ot the transactions of
the Junk men that the police department keep two detectives constantly
employed ln this particular work.
The admission of the Junk men re-
aardlng the amount of stolen goods
recovered on their premises is one to
be noted, tor If they have nearly all
that Is recovered, it Is reasonable to
assume tbat there Is considerable
more in their possession that owners
never claim. Considering the inherent honesty of tbe second-hand dealers
It would be Interesting to hare some
of tbem explain how It Is that any person can take a single second hand tool,
or a wagon load, bearing the names of
one or a dosen men, to almost any
dealer and dispose of them? The
prices tor which the tools are told
would at once arouse the suspicion ot
anyone overflowing with honesty, because there are only two classes of
men who sell tools—the owner, who
lt either leaving hit trade or It driven
to near the atarvatlon line that he
disposes of Ms meant of earning a
llvlihood ln response to the Immediate
demands ot his stomach, or the thief
who makes stealing bit business and
the Junk store his clearing house. Provided the tools, or other second hand
goods, are offered at a low enough
price, 'there are few If any questions
asked, and as a result, the tradesmen,
especially ln the building crafts, are
continually losing their tools and afterwards finding them in Junk stores
where they are required to purchase
them, although the articles tn most
cases bear the Imprint of a steel stamp
with the name of the owner.
Another remarkable feature of thlt
overwhelming desire on the part of the
Junk men to render unto every man
his own, is the fact that seldom, If
ever,, has a thief been captured
through the Instrumentality of the
Junk dealers and never are they able
to Identify thieves captured by the
police, although the goods the thief Is
charged with stealing are found on the
premises of the dealer who la asked to
Identify the thief as the man who sold
them. Not so long since, a thief confessed that a Junk dealer had ad'
him to leave town, and the
in         " '"
a Junk
partnership, or
order from a magistrate
'or the return of stolen goods, the flnt
necessity is to catch the thief and
induce him to "split on his pal." Suppose he does, which It seldom, who
will believe a thief against a wealthy
resident Junk dealer with a clever law-
ver conducting his defense? The only
other method of recovering stolen
property Is by writ of replevin, a writ
Issued by a Supreme Court Judge directing the sheriff to seize the goods ln
question, provided the applicant tor
the writ deposits a bond equal to
double the value of the goods In order
to provide a civil remedy In case the
trial discloses that the goodi have
been wrongfully seised.
The odds are all ln favor of the Junk
men and why the city council or anyone else should he required or requested to reimburse them for stolen goods
bought at prices that prove conclusively the nature of the whole transaction,
Is a mystery only equalled by the colossal gall of those making the request
Instead of making conditions easier,
the council should incorporate a provision In the bylaws providing for the
cancellation of the trade license of a
dealer when stolen goodi are found
three times on his premises.
A Bannsr Union.
The London, Ont, Clgarmakers'
Union Is the largest organization of
the craft In Canada. It has almost
doubled Its membership during the
present year, and now numbers close
to 600. London Is, next to Montreal,
the greatest cigar center In the Dominion. New factories are starting, and
the local concerns are Increasing the
number of people employed at frequent
Labor Temple Large Hall Audience Enjoy Scholarly Presentation of Woman's Can.
"Men, Women and People" was the
title of an effective address by Charlotte Perkins Oilman to the Pioneer
Political Equality League and Its
friends ln Labor Temple Tuesday
evening. Mrs. Oilman Is well known
as a writer, orator and socialist.
The theme of her lecture was the
triangle made by man, woman and tbe
world, the feelings that have made
woman what she is today, and the
facts, pleasant and unpleasant, which
must be faced to further woman's progress and therefore the world progress of the future.
"The world mind It slow to move,"
said Mrs. Oilman, "and therefore, lt
Is always a few, Inventors, scientists,
teachers, preachers, who make ior pro
gross, for change, who get away from
their totem poles of Inherited thought."
She brought out the authority of
Lester F. Ward, one of the greatest
sociological thinkers of the day, that
the female aa a sex Is superior to tbe
male; It Is the man stream of life, the
male; lt Is the main stream of life, the
change. That woman, subject during
the very short historical period of tbe
world, has been the leader In the pro-
lohlstorleal period—the beginner of
Industry and thus of all civilization,
She It wn who Blurted agriculture, domestication of animals, leather work,
needle work, pottery, art, architecture,
flrst to shelter her young—In a sense
that motherhood out ot Its surplus energy, Its creative force, flrst began
the foundation of all modern manu
facture. The male hunted and fought;
he does so yet. Was natural to the
woman; man has learned It with difficulty. But men excel In humanness
because they have been trained as
human beings aa well at males. Women have been always considered as
mothers, real or potential—that Is,
merely as females. From Abraham to
Napoleon, and tnence to Kipling, not
to mention Theodore Roosevelt, the
greateat woman has been the one who
had the greatest number of children.
Not worth anything In herself—Important only aa the maker of men;
never an entity, always someone's female relative, mother, sitter, wife,
It has been atd Is a man's world-
ruled by men to please men, and It
does not please women. It Is neither
clean, nor safe, nor beautiful, nor virtuous, nor prosperous enough. Women
alone might have done no better. Man
has done many and great things for
the world ln science, art, Invention;
he has also to shoulder the responsibility of unlovely things—war, Intemperance, prostitution—the first sometimes necessary, not always; the laat
two never necessary, always evil.
Mrs. Oilman's whole desire was to
show that woman Is human as well as
female; that her female function! ihe
shared with the females ot all the animal kingdom as man shares bis male
functions with the malttft Minimal
kingdom. But t*a*t vtMsal IWMU as
I* Mats*, tttKttretlrlt'-tMn-
A. F. of L. 1013 BII|.'o-ff.r«.
Complete organisation of the plants
of the great steel corporations, Including the United States Steel Company;
continuation of the struggle to union-
lie the metal trades on the Pacific
Coast, and to unionise all Los Angeles
Industries; to define methods to be
pursued In dealing with the Industrial
Workert ot the World where the Interests of the two organisations clash,
and to decide whether labor shall
maintain Its present Independent political attitude or go directly Into politics
ai an organisation.
Brlcklayera' Interprovlnolal Meet.
The annual conference of the Bricklayers' Interprovlnclal Congress, consisting of delegates from all the local
unions ot the International body in the
three prairie provinces, convened ln
Prince Albert on Nov. 4th and continued Its session until Nov. 9th.
Winnipeg bricklayers were represented hy E. 8. Jackson and W. H.
Lovatt. Walter Owens, also a member of the local union, wai present In
his capacity as president of the conference. The business of the convention was largely occupied with questions of Jurisdictional adjustments and
organization. Among the many decisions of the conference were the following: A uniform apprentice law for
the three provinces; the compulsory
recognition of the 8 hour day, and the
compulsory affiliation of all local
Trades and Labor councils. The election of officers for the year resulted
In the election of W. O'Carroll, Battle-
ford, at president; J. Kellaway, Brandon, 1st vice-president; R, Heavens,
Reglna, Snd vice-president; E. Sillltoe,
I Edmonton, tec-treasurer.—Tht Voice.
of L. In Figures,
lowing It the receipts and ex-
pendltures since the formation of the
American Federation of Labor:
1881....  J174.00 1164.00
1888  268.20 252.26
1883  690.19 362.82
1884......  367.48 643.20
1885  584.03 460.58
1886  474.11 63f
1887  1,939.82 2,074.39
1888  4,512.55 3,933.67
1889....  ' 6,838.40 6,578.33
1890  23,849.74 21,070.67
1891  17,702.86 13,190.07
1898  17,834.61 18,324.69
1898.— 80,864.68 81,383.36
1894  15,846.43 17.302.08
1895  18,761,75 15,612.42
1896  16,290.18 15,462.96
1897  18,639.92 19,113.83
1898  18,894.15 19,197.17
1899  36,767.13 30,699.22
1900  71,126.82 68,373.39
1901  116,220.89 118,708.39
1902  144,498.21 119.086.74
1903  247,802.96 196.016.57
1904 ' 220,996.97 203,991.16
1905.  807,417.62 196,170.10
1906..  817,816.18 218,540.04
1907.  174,330.26 159.960 84
1908..  207,656.23 196,987.36
1909  233,377.64 203,702.07
1910  193,470.84 177,859.34
1911.......  182,188.68 175,524.08
1912  207,373.60 277,479.23
Total  88,638,042.41   12,518,568,48
Receipts 12,688,048.41
Expenses 8,618,668.48
Balance Sept. 80, 1918....$ 119,473.93
Syd. Duncan, who for the last three
years, hat been an employee oi the
Nanalmo Herald, and president of Nanalmo Typographical Union, passed
through Vancouver on Monday en
route to Kamloops, where he has accepted a day lit, on The Sentinel.
Your Appearance
JMANY a man has lost
1 good opportunities for
advancement in life simply
beoause he did not dress
well. The price of stylish,
serviceable clothing today
is so little that anyone oan
afford it. If you doubt
this, come to pur store.
We will prove it to your
613 Granville Street
Break Your Chains--
and go back
to the land
We Help You to Locate
Homesteads and Preemptions
in British Columbia
Western Farming ft Colonization Co.
5 Winch Building       LIMITED Vancouver, B.O.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
We want every workirgman in Vancouver to visit, our
storeB and see for himself the very fine stook of union-made
garments parried here and all moderately priced.     .
SHIRTS—in fine pure wool flannels, serges, meltons and
military flannelettes; all sizes Price $1.75 to 2.75
SHIRTS—in the finer UneB of buckskings ooarda, fleece-
lined.   SuttenB and waterproof lines, at fSt to 9)4)
WORKINGMENIS GLOVES-in the very best makes
such as the H. B. K., Houson, Clark's and Vancouver
makes. Prices    35c to $2.75
Canvas Gloves; our price, 4 pairs for.
Headquarters  for Workingmen's  Apparel
Look for the Red Arrow Sign
J.N. Hafvey
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also 614-016 Yates Street Victoria, B.C.
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
Co-operation Moves the World
and the new buying, handling and selling system of the
Stores. Ltd.
(Store in the Labor Temple)
t| This store-is owned and managed
by .a number of co-operating, class
conscious workingmen for the benefit
of themselves, wives and families.
1& Each month they get back a percentage of their purchases during
that month and each year they draw
dividends on the total profits besides.
There are numerous other advantages which you should know about.
*J At present we handle only groceries, but in time it
is our intention to branoh out into all other lines of
merchandise—meats, drygoods, boots and shoes, hardware, eto. We also intend to open several branoh
stores for the handling of meats, provisions, etc. in the
outlying parts of the oity.
H Buy your groceries here—our stook is all fresh, new
and pure—no other kind kept, beoause our PRINCIPAL CUSTOMERS ARE OWNERS of the store.
Q But whether you want groceries or riot, come in
and learn about the new oo-operative merchandizing
system, which, it is expected, will substantially reduce
the cost of living to members and make possible a
greater industrial Vancouver,
Courteous Service and Prompt Delivery
Use the Phone — Ours is Seymour 6480
419 Dunsmuir St.
Vancouver, Can.
"Watch Us Grow"


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