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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 5, 1912

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jp^lptK^isai1 ifb. 78.
to&iUttt>Mi C. FttleUTION OF LABOR.
$1.00 A TEAS
CUMBERLAND, V. I., Sept. 29.—Tbe
lltTerences   between   the   miners   and
he   mine owners here are worthy of
explanation   to   unlontats  on  the outside.     Two. members of the TJ. II. W,
• 3t A.  were deliberately discriminated
.against for no other reason than that
ftbey    were    active    members   of   our
anion.       The contractor* hired them;
tl»e company fired them.
A. committee was named by the
Sainton to inveati«ate certain grievance*
sand interview the management with a
View to securing a mutual settlement.
Tbe committee, consisting of men who
have been residents and workera here
for years, started ln by interviewing
tbe p|t boss, who at once exclaimed:
"I don't-know you at all." Thla attitude on the part of a company official1
put the fat in the fire, though it had
long been*' evident that the company
-was anxious to start a row with the
new tshlon.
The*, committeemen then waited
upon the superintendent, but were met
with the same curt reception, Re said
he would not recognise any committee
of any organization, but that he would
deal with the.men individually. The
same old see-saw of employer* who recognise the helplessness of unorganized workmen.
The committee then decided to teat
the honafldes of the superintendent's
■statements, and Individuals were Rent
to see him regarding the grievance*.
One of the complainants asked the superintendent why he ' was "canned."
The"BOop"slmply replied "BecauBe you
were not wanted." Pressed for reasons the company blacklist victim waa
assured that the reasons, were best
known to the company.
Another of the "individual*" went in
and offered the superintendent to take
any Job ln  the mine, but was told to
see either the pit or driver boa*.  The
Mime   night   he  did" so,  but waa
tbat   though   they needed a few men. — .
they had orders trom the company not Jj,"™1^
to employ him.
After the incidents referred to had
been reported to the union officials a
mass meeting was held to discuss the
situation. The miners finally decided
tbat the company had decided to throw
down the gauntlet to the union, and lt
was a case of action now or the wrecking of their organization.
They voted to take a holiday until
some understanding- aa to the status of
tbe union with the company had been
They are still holidaying at thla
The Board of Trade soon got busy,
headed by the mayor, and called a
mass meeting:to tell the miners how
"prosperous" they were. One of the
chief spielers was a real estate shark
•viae, daring the rerent strike of aide-
coal barons, including the unspeakable! ►
Mr. Clinton, then went to Chinatown
and forced' Chinamen to sign a con
tract for two years, by threatening to
put them out of the Company houses
If they failed to do so. About 150 of
the Chinese "signed" the document.
The same company aggregation got
all the Chinamen In the woods and
logging camps to come tn and vote
against any such programme as the
strikers had determined upon. Ex-
Mayor McDonald and Mayor McLeod
also used all their powers of persuasion by telephoning to various
places to do all they could to get outsiders to come In and vote against the
strike, messages which were listened
to with Interest by at least one sympathiser. " Special trains were arranged
and paid for by tbe company to bring
throngs of Chinese from No. 7 and else-
where to vote for them as against the
white men, so that the company could
lay claim to the fact that "our men"
do not want to strike. Polling day,
Cumberland looked like a miniature
China, and It kept the company
officials busy Instructing the Chinese
how and where to put their X oh the
ballot, Free train* for the Chinese!
Full fare on May Day to Nanalmo tor
the white miners.
The Miners' Union however, Was not
asleep. When they saw how the company Intended to..use the Chinese to
swamp the vote of the white men the
coal company's scheme was exploded
by simply calling off the ballot, and
deciding to light it qut along their own
,'lnes Irrespective of the dirty intrigues
of the company's' allies.
Not to be outdone -by the striking
miners, the company official*, ably as-
elated by Mayor McLeod and other
political bosses, called a meeting of
the Italian element. But the Italians
would have none nf lt, As one of
tnM !tnem Put't: "Mr. Clinton and Mr Lock-
'"'art think Italians all the same
suppose tomorrow night
tbey try Scotchmen;" During the
meeting Mr. Clinton said the company
was willing to meet a committee to
discuss matters. However, his mission at the meeting was to secure a
two-year contract with the men, as the
shipping companies were forcing them
to do likewise, on the threat of seeking
Secretary-Treasurer of Labor Educational Publishing Co., Ltd., which will be-
.  gin publication at Toronto of The Industrial Banner, aa a weekly, on'Oct
- AMotfo mini
•'■;    AtiBTlWABT
Secretary A. C. Webb,
secretary of th* Britannia
Miner*' Union, with headquarter* it V«neeuv*r, has
received a telegram from th*
oflloare of Portland Canal
Miners' Union advising working men to remain away from
Stewart, *. O, a* the Port-
lend Canal Tunnel Company
refuses te nay th* union scale
of wagea
coal elsewhere. If the men would
sign the contract, he said, their wages
would be the same, no less he was
sure, and If anything a little Increase,
The contract would not be binding, as
a man could quit and get his time as
before. The miners of Cumberland
were ALL RIGHT; never saw a better
lot of men for the Work that they were
doing, and if they would only sign the
contract he would live up to the conditions set forth by himself In the.
contract. He urged that the stoppage
ot work waa bad—for them and also
the miners, their wives and families,
It was truly an tmpasslonate appeal,
but the Italians refused to fall for It.
Mr. Clinton's sudden thought and
heart-throbbing consideration for the
"wives snd children" Is worthy of note,
It is only a short time ago that he
overlooked several opportunities ot
(Continued on Page Four,)
shwolx w*umsv
Laying Plan* to Form On* Bis
,    Tualon in t^ Tlm»e
• 1. 0; Brown, president International
Shingle Weavers' Union of America,
with headquarters a,t Seattle, Wash.,
bas been a visitor ln Vancouver during tha week. He has been In conference with B. Q. Federation of Labor
and central body ofljclala, and Qeorge
Heatberton, organltor of the local
Loggers untod, relative to the advisability of tbe Shingle Weavers having their juslrdtetlpft extended to include all the worses) ln the timber Industry, under autonomous terms that
will meat local' conditions and: result
In the formation of; one big union ln
that Industry. ,' f
A. F. of L. Organiser C. 0, Young Is
also assisting in tb* proposed work,
and the prosp*ot*'for some definite
plan being devised are very bri ghi
It Is probable thM President Brown
will attend the Rochester convention
of the A. F. of L. tdr the purpose of
arranging with the executive council
such matters ss will require adjustment before tbe big' new organisation
can be launched.    »?       '
The movement ha* th* support of
the Washington State Federation of
Labor, and the Idea seems to be "taking" wherever enunciated.
'Who gave yeth' Black eye; Jlmt"
"Nobody gave It f me. I had t' light
fer It,"
The Labor Educational Publishing
Co., Ltd,, Toronto,' Will begin tbe publication of The Industrial Banner, as a
weekly, on or about the leth'lnst.
The A. F. of L. weekly news letter,
Just to hand, contain* a copy of the political declarations at the Republican,
Democratic and Bull Moose parties ln
the United State*, and entirely Ignores
the existence of the Socialist party, the
only one. ot the lot representing the
wage, worker* ot this .continent.   In
fact, the executive council goes as far
&!SBLESS£.££ AS SS1 *5»WUi out of w«Kn.as.
Sinco the big strike of June, 1111;
•. An outstanding characteristic ot the
organised labor movement the world
over I* th* fact that the work devolves upon few. "Th* clique that
run* the union" Invariably hu to do
all th* sped* work, while tb* critic*
content themselves with saying much
and doing little.
For the past thru year* In Vancouver the efforts of tb* tew active participants ln th* local labor movement
have been largely directed In the promotion of the Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Ltd., and the erection of a
(160,000 labor Tempi*, th* finest In
all Canada, and one of tbe best on
th* continent.
Despite all obstacles and calamity
howling tb* faithful tow stuck to their
run* and triumphed In the immediate
task of providing,* horn* for organised labor In Vancouver.
But the completion of tb* Labor
Temple was, after all, only a part of
tho plans of its promoters. Th* most
Important part of tbelr plans I* y«t
to be worked out.
Much has bees accomplished, it I*
true, but there still remain* the one
baric mission ot the International organised labor movement And to thl*
task tho minds of the "builder*" are
now bebig directed..
Naturally enough the tradesmen
which have suffered most during th*
strenuous period mentioned ere tbe
tint to bestir themselves. ,'•
Vancouver Building Trade* Council has had a somewhat Checkered career since its lnoeptton some year*
ago. It has had tt* up* and downs, its
triumphs and its bumps; it hu nude
progress and mtde mistakes. But underneath it all there hat been the
strong determination of a little band
of men to bring order out ot chaos and
most difficult tor local union offiotrs to
take care of aad assimilate ths a*w
i Just now there Is a bit of a lull aad
normal conditions prevail. As g coo-
sequence the building trade* unionists seem to bar* again struck tbatr
strld* and hav* mapped out a pro-
rramme that augurs waU'tor th* fa-
Lut Monday night a special matting of th* Building Trade* '
wm held, with tb* following
tors, Brotherhood of Carpast*f*7TO*
sort of soft pedals on the bastard Bull
Moose aggregation. No consideration
whatever Is given the A. F. of L.'s affiliated membership In Canada; probably too Insignificant to bother with, ln
the opinion of Messrs. Oompers, et al
Just bow long the membership of the
trades union movement of this continent Intend to stand for such political
treachery and trading remains to be
seen. The sooner the socialist unionists make up their minds that there Is
to be no quarter between them and the
there lias been considerable "marking
time" Ir. building trades circles. The
tremendous amount of building operations, the Importation of tradesmen
from the four earners of the labor
market, and the gigantic Increase In
the population generally hu made lt
preaent A. F. of L. executive council
politically, the sooner will tne Socialist
party receive the support and consideration it I* entitled to.
na t3. said
and" 93. said "bread and butter 1* good
enough for them without IS." ' Accord-
Ins to the loosl apologist rag, .The
islander, the miners showed nothing
but contempt for the good offices of
the board of trade. At any rate, the
meeting cavused quite a dissension, due
to the report of the committee which
bad attempted to Interview the coal
company management having been
placed before them.
Mr. Lockart stated there had been
no discrimination; that the -company
had simply reserved the right to hire
snd discharge unquestioned.
Strong influence* were brought to
bear upon the striking miners to re-'
turn to work. All kinds of dire calamities were threatened, but outside of a
few company weaklings there waa no
disposition to atop abort of a showdown, which not even a "secret" ballot
could  swerve.
The management and officials of the
By JAS. tt. McVETT
(Secretary Labor Temple Co.)
HE VISIT of Sir Qeorge Askwith, Industrial Commissioner
Of the Brtard, of Tradei svide-
?ers   tor   an "elght^heiir  ffaytnient. for tne^rpeOe'ot etudyhrg^Se
--------- -  iBDor legislation in force on the Ameri
can continent, and particularly the Lemleux Act, point* to the conclusion
that the British government Intends to
enact legislation that will prevent the
large and ever Increasing number ot
strikes that threaten, by Interfering
with the transport industry, the commercial supremacy of British manufacturers.
While Sir George's mission to Canada is ostensibly, using his own words
"to listen and to learn," it Is evident
to observing unionists that the British
government has already decided to
enact legislation similar to that obtaining in either Canada or New Zealand, and tbat tbe real purpose ot his
visit Is to analyse the legislation and
thus place the government ln posses,
elon of every possible argument In Its
favor By careful attention to the
opinions ot the -opponents of the Lemleux Act, Sir George hopes, by the
When in Doubt
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man ahould wear any
other kind,
Tbe fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish,, etc. There's no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them for good value*.
LOOK AT THE JACKET8—They are equally good. Note
tbe gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good jacket, that's the
one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Bay Stores
British Dominions First To Use State'
Interference As Weapon To Defeat Workers
tlnu>;h« wives.back hoe* to b* able*
to meet them and to be ln a position
to prepare a measure that the British
workers will flnd euy to swallow, but
extremely difficult to keep down.
In view of the struggles of present
day employers to compel the services
of unwilling wage .workers by legislative means, lt makes a most Interesting study to follow the various and
devious means by which labor has
been foroed Into Involuntary servitude
down through the ages, from savagery
to barbarism and on Into civilisation
and Its periods of chattel, feudal and
wage slavery.
In Ancient  Days.
During the earlier stages In the development of the human family the
sole problem was the securing of food
and shelter, problems that were
solved by the crudest exemplifications
of the doctrine of force. The strongest male took his choice of the most
bewitching females, and he likewise
secured the best and largest food sup-
Ply by virtue of his superior strength
enabling him to subdue weaker members of his own species and animal
life of the lower orders.
With the continued propagation of
the species, what we know now as
families came Into being, and during
the latter part of the period of savagery, and the entire period of barbarism, mankind In general were organized In gentes, phratries, and
tribes. These organisations prevailed
throughout the entire ancient world
upon all continents and were the
means by whloh ancient society was
organized and held together.
Savagery Period
Early ln the period of savagery the
passion for the possession of property, as the representative of accumulated sustenance, gradually went from
zero until It became the dominant
thought In the human mind. During
this entire period, aa well as during
barbarism, all property was communal and descent was traced through
the female Instead of through the
male, the reason for the change being
apparent as the changing forms of
property ownership are disclosed.
The art ot subsistence also went
through various stages during these
periods, fish, farinaceous foods, milk
and meat, and the product of field
agrlculuture each playing their part In
the progress towards civilisation.
Property and Enslavement.
It wu the possession of property,
even though the ownership was communal, that flrst brought about the
enslavement of labor. As the numerical strength of the tribes became
greater, the necessity ot extending
the tribal territory, especially where
the tribe was circumscribed by the
territorial limits ot others, forced the
expanding tribe Into wars wblch gave
to the victor the property of the vanquished. Including their persons as
slaves. The strongest ln war naturally became the largest owners of
property and the larger the property
holdings, the greater the number of
slaves required to "develop"—to use
a modern word—the property of the
Passing of Communism.
As the holdings of some tribes became large, the communal Idea became distasteful and gradually It gave
way to the new scheme ot private
ownership, the slaves being also "divided up' among the Individual owners of the formerly tribal lands, At
this stage the change, previously referred to, the change ln the line of
descent occurred, the males, by nature the strongest of the race, desiring that their property should descend
Acting President of the B. O. Federation of Labor, who deals exhaustively In
this Isauo with the Lemleux Act, le glslatlon that is Just now receiving much
attention at the handa of governments.
to their children, regardleea of whom
the mother might be.
Tribal to Nation.
From the organisation by tribes de-
veloped the nation, a number of tribes
closely akin In feeling and territory
banding themselves together for the
purpose of defense and offense. Among
the flrst to organise ln this manner
were the tribes that beacme the He-
brew commonwealth and lt was governed by priests, judges and kings
who held their authority, It was alleged, by a divine warrant and their
acts were sacred. To criticise their
acts was Indeed an act of bravery, being punishable by death or mutilation.
This form of government spread until
lt embraced the entire civilised world,
the prerogatives assumed by the rulers ultimately being known as "The
Divine Right of Kings."
Slaves Revolt.
During all of this development, the
large land and slave owners had a
great deal of trouble trying to keep
the slaves satisfied to live on the poor-
est food, while the owners lived, as
they do today, on the best the labor
of slaves affords. Revolt followed revolt, In every one of which there was
no quarter asked or given. If the
slaves succeeded, the owners wore put
to death, while if the owners were the
victors, torture and death was the
portion of the slaves.
Beginning of Feudalism,
To psclfy the slaves, the Owners decided to give a few days of freedom,
during which the slaves celebrated
much the tame at do the present-day
workert on Labor Day, But even tbls
remedy failed ln it* purpose.  Eventu
ally the owners gave many of the
slaves a piece of land to till for themselves, the land still remaining the
property of the master and the slave
being compelled to tabor a portion of
the time on the estate and to respond
at any i-lme to a call to arms to protect the Interests of the owner, 01
when the ruler exercised the "Divine
Right" argument on the owner and de
mended food and warriors to carry on
national wars. Up to this time there
were no labor problems to solve, because the workers, while enjoying a
measure of freedom, were subject at
all time to the will of the owners, or,
as they began to be called, the feudal
Appearance of the Machine,
The evolution from the hand tool,
with which everything had been produced up tb this time, to the Introduction of machinery presented a new
set of problems, both to the land owners or feudal barons, and to the machine owners who were composed of
skilled artisans who had acquired and
In many cases devised the machines.
These men, as machinery came more
and more into use, found themselves
confronted with a scarcity of labor,
the major part of the workers being
still bound to the feudal lords. They
begin to hire the feudal slaves to
work for wages on the days they were
free to cultivate their own plots of
land, and after a time tbey Induced
the slaves to desert their teudual masters and to work for wages—the first
real Introduction of the wage system.
The Factory System,
In some countries, notably tn Great
Britain, the manufacturing class, the
owners of the machinery of production, after a time became suffldlently
strong to become a factor in the advising of the rulers, a right formerly
enjoyed only by the feudal lords or
land owners. In.order to Hour* a
lgrgW xsgolf ot labor b» operate their
machines they pressed for the abolition of the feudal system—thus throwing all the feudal serfs into the labor
market as freemen—tree to work
when the machine owners required
their services and free to starve the
balance of the time.
Land Owners vs. Manufacturers.
The battle for supremacy between
the land owners and the manufacturers resulted in the abolition of feudal
serfdom and also in greatly reducing
the power of the rulers, who had heretofore been absolute monarchs, by
forcing the acceptance of advisory
counells or what are now called parliaments. The rulers, on some occasions still exercised the"Dlvine Right"
but this prerogative became extremely
unpopuular after a few heads had
been removed by the parliaments of
the day, and It Anally fell Into disuse
In the greater part of the civilised
world. This condition waa contributed to largely by the fact that at the
serfs had been set free, the ruler or
his council could only exercise the
right on the property ot the owners,
who were the monarchs of the advisory councils.
"Free" Labor.
For the flrst time labor was free,
that is, as' long as their stomachs
would permit them to remain away
from the operation of the machinery
of production—owned by the employing class, In return for freeing the
slaves, the owners were freed from
any responsibility tor their care or
Keep when they were not required
In Industry. The larger number of
unemployed, the better able the man-
ufacturer to select strong, skilled
workers and the competition between
them for the opportunity of working
for wages naturally had a strong ten-
dency to reduce the wages. They
(Contlnuod on Page Four.)
Batters, fainter*, Cetatat   ,
Lathers, Electrical Workers (lnatd*),
Elevator Constructors, aad MirM*
Cutters. The officer* pretest war*!
I>. Satan, pr*tld*«t; J. Bltooa, rloe-
pretldent; J. McMillan, atcreury-
treuurer, and. Trustees Havtrbnah
andBltcon. , ;.*, %:'■ • .     -     -
A general review of tha looal Mtsuv
tlon wa* freely made hy th* delegate*
pr***at »nd It wu decided to proceed
wittf°tb* work ot tberaagb re-trgaal-
setlon. With tbl* In view IHuwat*
Staples, Haverbuih, Dennis awl fata
were named a* a commltta* to visit,
all tbe building trad** union*, wkfthar
tt present affiliated or not, an* k**p
up a campaign till every Ulsglbl* union
In the dty Is a part ot th* BolMlag
Tradet Council.
The question of affiliation with tha
Building Trade* Department of th*
A. F. of U will aot be mad* aa lata*.
Th* Immediate mission will b* to organise this'building trades, tad far
the time Ming tb* movement win b»
a local one.
A suggestion bas ben mad* tbat
th* B. C. Federation of Labor b*
asked, st It* January convention, to
formulate a provincial Building
Trade* Department, but th* wisdom
of such a move It rather doubtful. Inasmuch as trad* affair* should b* settled by trade organisation*.
One thing It certain: Tb* "aaw"
Building Trades Council U deaefadaed
than shall be fewer JurladMleaal
squabbles In Vincouver In future.
With suoh evidence of closer to
otlon among looal union* nd th* |
era! tendency to get busy i"
ctl line*, through provincial i
tral labor body legielatlve bodK*, th*
odtlotk Is hopeful.
May the good work go on, I* tb*
ardent with of Th* *,*d*ratloal*t
Toledo   M*tal   Tradt*
Imum Circular of Far-
mobing Bffoot
ci'reuSflKsi waMMi^|nswiiM^""v"
Ing trades, building trades ooonxftV,
tbe central labor boat**, atat* tad
provincial federations' of labor, railway system federations, and delegate*
to tbe forthcoming convention of ths
American Federation of Labor, pointing out "tbat It Is absolutely n«c**- ,
sary for tbe worker* to be mora
closely united ln order to mor* *uc-
cessfully combat the combination* ot .
tha employing class."
With that end In view the Council
has urged an amendment to the constitution ot the A. F. of 1, "that Art,
11, Sec. 1, be amended by adding the
following: 'National ud International
Trade Unions shall have the right to
amalgamate; such amalgamation nWst -
be endorsed by a referendum vote of -'
the organisations affected. A two. "
third* affirmative vote of the measker*
voting on such amalgamation ta Saeh
organisation shall be tiiuastSJ? go
make the amalgamation legal and
binding. A new organisation created
by amalgamation shall hav* tb* right
to assuma a nam* appropriate to th*
Industry of whloh It I* a part, and
shall have full control of the Jurisdiction which before amalgamation wu
conceded to the different national and
International trade union* forming th*
new organisation.'"
The proposition has been endorsed
by Detroit and Grand Forks, Mich.,
Metal Trades Councils ud by th*
Toledo Central Labor Union.
British Columbia It building np a
landlordism which will eventually b*
second to none ln any other country
on earth.
"Now I lay me down to sleep
Any place where I may creep"—
Well the mother can not see
The lad who whispered at her knee.
If the union men of Vancouver expect employees to concede
union nliop wages and working conditions, they must expect
tn buy the products of such factories, other conditions being
equal.   Tho quality of
is indisputably the best on the market for the money. Ask
your dealer for BUCK BRAND and enjoy the satisfaction of a
union-made, well-made, made-in-Vancouver garment.
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Limited
1176 HOMER ST.
SATURDAY.....,, OCTOBER 5, ltll
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital   $ 11,500,000
Reserve 12,500,000
Total Assets 175,000,000
Oife Dollar will open .
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
XMd Office
Tuooimr, l.O.
Authorind Capitil .(8,000,000
■ataulbad Capital  l,16»,90O
FfU4 Up OiplflU     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed in it
by the people, and It Is always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety ond good man*
Tour account vnjr cordially
oin sBaUroni
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts. ,
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway end Ash Sts.
Granville St Branch, 1146 Gran.
vllle St
Pender   St   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager. •    -
Assistant General Manager.
Capital St Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that ao closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for. the sate keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1'
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St West
. Cor. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    - B.C.
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
0, It Stands (or all that Union
Labor Stands for.
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple   Phonk Sev. 4409
To Beduco the High CoBt of
Living Buy Your
and Furnishings
Clean-up Sale
135 Haatir.fi* Straet E.
The Home of High-Class
Where Everybody Goes
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
Issued every Saturday morning.
Managing Xdltor: S. Paraater Psttlplaoa
Offloa:   Boom aio, labor Tampla
Tsl. »IY. 3890.
Subscription:    11.00 per year:   in Vancouver City, 11.25:   to unions subscribing ln a body, 76 cents.
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Correspondence from unions and union-
s lsts  invited.
"Unity of labor; ths hope ot ths world.'
'" PAPER. If this number Ib on It
your- subscription expires next issue.
Tbe seriousness ot the strike or lockout ln tbe coal mining Industry ot Vancouver Island, at Cumberland and
Ladysmlth, Is being tardily recognised
by most ot the dally papers of the province. Whatever may be the statements or lack of statements by the
coal companies Involved, a review of
the circumstances leading up to the
present crisis leaves room for only one
i The coal-diggers have made up their
minds to organise and maintain a
union for the collective purpose of
maintaining a wage scale, regulating
working conditions, and having something to say as to the enforcement of
provincial laws governing the coal
mining Industry, especially with refer
ence to the presence of gases and
other factors which make the calling
a particularly hazardous one.
On the other hand, the coal barons
are as firmly determined that' there
shall, be no union so far as they are
Stripped of all verbiage that Is the
real Issue.        '
The coal-diggers figure that Inasmuch as without them there would
be no coal mining Industry, they
should and will Insist upon having
something to say as to the conditions
under which they will work.
The mine owners will brook no "Interference" with what they claim to
be their "business"
The question, therefore, resolves Itself at once Into a question of power,
Which of the two forces can maintain the position taken?
Quite true, the preliminaries to the
Btrlke or lockout were based on the
discharge of two men who had acted
upon a committee, In behalf of the
union, which compelled the mine Inspector to do his duty under pain of
publicity of the neglect.
But behind all the pretense the real
issue looms up as plain aa a pike staff.
Among the many platitudes Indulged
ln by Minister of Labor Orothera,
while west a few weeks ago, was his
declaration that "the day had gone by
in Canada when corporations could'
any longer deny the right to wage-
workers to organize Into unions for
self protection.1'
Under the circumstances lt will be
interesting to note how far the federal
Department ot Labor will go In the
premises to see that this "right'' Is
conserved to the coal miners of Vancouver Island.
Meanwhile the miners are taking no
chances. They .have gone upon the
well grounded assumption that the
workers get what the workers have
the power to take and hold. And in
this view they will receive and be entitled to the unreserved support of the
affiliated membership of the B. C.
Federation of Labor and their own
powerful International union.
Premier McBride having turned a
deaf ear to the representations of the
idle miners, no time should be lost in
commanding the services of the
federal Industrial Investigation and
Disputes Act, more as a medium for
giving publicity to their grievances
than In the hope of receiving any concessions which the -union cannot take
by virtue of Its power to do so, even
though at this late date neither parties to the dispute have asked tor the
Investigating board.
The trouble has been brewlag for
montbs. It has now come to a showdown. A few weeks more will determine whether the coal-diggers were
ready for the Inevitable conflict or
Whether It shall result In a victory
for the miners at this time or not
decides nothing. ' The question will
never be settled so long as coal mines
are left In the hands of corporations.
Nothing short of the collective ownership and operation of the entire Indus-
try will ever solve the problem. The
present struggle for supremacy Is but
one more step towards the ultimate
and Inevitable goal.
The police commissioners of Vancouver are very strongly opposed to
persons befng "beat up"—that Is to
say, certain persons, Including themselves and the police officers.
"Any man hitting a police officer
should be given a term of years," said
Commissioner Leek. . . "I hope the
officers will use their guns."
"I quite agree with Commissioner
Leek," said Mayor Flndlay. "I also
think that men who assault police
officers should be given a lashing.
Twenty lashes would teach them a
much needed lesson. I understand
that this man who assaulted the constable recently came from the other
side of the line. That makes his case
all the worse, and he should be given
a more severe sentence.''
These statements are not exaggerated—they are taken from the "Province," a Journal that has never been
known to He—except about the
workers and their cause. And all ot
this fuss is merely because a brutal
policeman, one of a brutal gang, controlled by Ignorant bullies, found a
man who was not prepared to be
pushed and driven. The policeman
"got his," and why should ho be en-
titled to any more protection than the
men, women and children who were
beaten, ridden over and-thrown Into
jail last spring? What redress was
given them, either by the courts or the
police commissioners? None whatever. The police were doing their
"duty," according to the Commission-
ers, and were commended for their
brutalities, an Instruction, In effect, to
continue to use their clubs on every
possible occasion, advice tbe police are
too willing to act upon.
We have ln mind many instances of
men of the working class who have
been beaten by the police, but'never
has the Commissioners paid the
slightest attention to the complaints,
always taking the word ot a policeman
regardless of the facts.
After all, what else Is to be expected
from such men as "Idaho Jim," Leek,
the non-union steam Utter, and Williamson. Bowser should be proud of
his appointees, for If he had tried,
three more ignorant, incompetent and
brutal commissioners could not have
been secured.
The only redeeming feature about
the Incident Is the fact that Magistrate
Shaw publicly condemned the commissioners in fitting language, and declined to be influenced in any particular by their mouthy frothings.
Under the circumstances the attorney-
general should ask for the resignation
of the commissioners.
Sir Qeorge R. Askwith and Mr. 1. H.
Mitchell of the British Board of Trade
were visitors in Vancouver during the
week. They are touring Canada for
the purpose of securing Information
that will assist In the construction of
some legislative measure that will
settle labor disputes without asking
the employers to get off the backs ot
the workers. Before leaving the Old
Country they had been led to believe,
that the Canadian Industrial Disputes
and Investigation Act (Lemleux)
offered a solution for all Industrial Ills,
but that Interpretation has been somewhat dissipated as the result of visiting the recent convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
at Ouelph, where, of the 240 delegates
present, less than 40 favored the retention of the measure ln Its present
form, If at all. Nor has the practicability ot the Act been elucidated In
any marked degree aa the result of Investigations where the Act has been
most applied. It can be safely anticipated at this time that Messrs. Askwith and Mitchell will return home
from Canada with very little of the
Lemleux Act that will commend Itself
to them as a structure upon which to
rear legislative machinery for adoption In settling disputes between those
who own Industry and those who make
It possible. Meantime the workers of
both countries will continue on their
way, with the goal of collective ownership of things used collectively as
their inspiration.
The spirit of organization Is ln the
air. Never before was the unrest so
great among the men who have suffered from the tyranny and greed ot
the captains of "sklndustry'' as now.
Moreover, this unrest Ib taking on definite form ln the shape ot organization of the workerB In the steel mills,
where the Iron heel has long been on
the necks of the men whose unpaid
labor and a high protective tariff
has made possible the formation ot a
billion dollar trust.
We must expect, too, that before
long steps will be taken to organize
the hundreds of thousands of men employed under the most degrading conditions ln the logging camps and saw
mills along the Pacific Coast.
The day when the petty theft of a
quarter of an hour on each end of a
day and a half hour at noon, the vermin-Infested bunk houses, the sloppy
cook houses, the remunerative hospital graft and the unspeakable straw-
boss Ib about over.   .
All industrial tyrants tear the advent of the union among their employes. Yet with marvellous stupidity
and short-sightedness they do the very
thing that make working conditions
without an organization no longer
What organization has done for the
miners will some time be done for the
steel and lumber workers. -The militant spirit of the American working
class Is being fired by the achieve-
ments of the organized workers in
Europe during the past year, and the
wings of the over-lords of Industry are
Boon due tor a clipping ln America.—
Shingle Weavers' Journal.
The third annual convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor will he field
at Victoria ln January next, lust prloi
to the opening of the provincial house.
The executive board figure on having
at least 150 delegates present. The
question of the Federation going Into
politics on its own account will be up
for discussion, besides the usual pro-
gram of resolutions and legislative do-
mands. It Is not improbable that the
Federation will cease "waiting" on the
provincial government) having come
to the conclusion that such efforts are
futile and would only be a further
waste ot time, Judging by results for
the past three years.
The Scullln Repudiated.
The annual convention representative of the organized workers ot Canada, Just held at Ouelph, and which
has again honored Mr. J. C. Watters
of this city by choosing him as president ot the Congress (congratulations
to him) adopted one resolution which
Is of especial Interest with respect to
the self-suggested activities ot Mr.
Patrick Scullln through his Industrial
Peace Association. As The Week has
pointed out on various occasions, this
association to a very large extent Ib
Mr. Patrick Scullln. It ostensibly
seeks to promote the reconciliation of
the conflicting views and Interests of
Labor and Capital by assuming to do
what the Dominion Government has
undertaken to do in this connection,
and has (In the opinion of the congress at all events) provided machinery for. Such being the case, the
necessity for Mr. Scullln's organization Is not exaotly apparent, and color
Is lent to the suggestion that personal
Interest may not be an altogether
negligible factor. What organized
labor thinks about lt Is crystallized In
a resolution adopted by the Congress
In which not only was the Industrial
Peace Association utterly discredited,
but any member of represented organized labor lending Its support was
thereby rendered Ineligible for office
In the Congress.—Victoria Week.
Tha Inner Life.
It would be almost as If we had
come back from the dead If we could
look into the {hearts of any houseful
of common folk; If we could but see
their Inner lite uncovered—the disappointments of their daily lot, the
broken ambitions, the griefs, and then
with what good cheer they front the
present life,-so narrowed from the
scope of yoethful dreams; how loyal
they are to the day's work, so
shrunken from early hopes; with what
patience they adapt themselves to imperfect icompanlonships; how An
vlnolbly U\e dreariest of folk face
danger and monotony.—Collins,
Painters Stick.
The Painters' International union
has decided by referendum vote to remain affiliated with tbe Building
Trades Department ot the A. F. of L,
Thus readeth the first chapter.
Socialists to Smoke.
Looal No. 1 8. P. of C, will hold a
smoker ln O'Brien's Hall on Saturday
evening, Oct.. 19, and an admission of
50 cents will be charged, to raise funds
for educational purposes.
Union Conditions Clause.
The following clause has been Inserted ln all contracts made by the
Municipality of South Vancouver for
the construction of school buildings
"The contractor shall pay at least
the Union scale of wages and work
the recognized number of hours constituting a day's work in the building
trades now ln force in the Municipality, and at the time of entering Into
Muslo and Labor.
Speaking, ot the function of the Royal
Academy of Music, held In the Labor
Temple, the News-Advertiser says:
"The hall selected for the presentation
of musical certificates on F rlday morning was probably chosen because of
location and availability. But It was
not unfitting that in the absence of a
temple built for and dedicated to the
arts, for which Dr. Young so appropriately pleaded, that the hall mark of the
great musical academy should have
been conferred In a temple erected by
Labor..' It suggested the natural sequence of achievement and culture In a
new land."
Carpenters' Mass Meeting,
Increased activity Is being shown ln
carpenters' circles. The second of a
series of mass meetings Is to be held
on Friday evening, Oct. 18, at Room
401 Labor Temple, for the purposo of
discussing local trade conditions,
building up the organizations and
making ready for the opening of next
season. The speakers will be the
carpenters themselves, no set pro-
gram having been arranged. Much
work along organization UneB has
been accomplished during the past
Bummer, shut the officers feel that
there Is plenty of room for improve-
ment, and it is with this object In
view that the carpenters will hold a
"get-together" to devise ways and
means of securing a little more of the
good things in life. Every carpenter
in the olty, union or non-union, is invited to attend the October 18 meet-
Marching Does Not Solve Anything.
"This Is the first time in my life,"
said Darrow, addressing a Labor Day
audience in San Francisco, "that I have
ever participated in a parade. I never
cared much for them. It makes me
tired to walk in the dust, and I never
liked to ride when the rest are walking.
"Neither do I care especially to see
the long UneB of people marching
through the streets representing a
cause—and representing it more or lesB
aimlessly, as our parades do.
"There were a great many men ln
this parade who fancied they knew
why they were marching; and a great
many others who only felt why they
were marching; and many, no doubt,
who thought marching was all there
was to it.
"-- nf the ♦-*•■'■'— with ""• worklngman is that he has done too much
walking. And it will take something
besides walking tb learn him to stop
"The great question between capital
and labor cannot be solved by marching. It might at one time have served
to put some fear in the minds and
hearts of those upon the other side but
they have long since learned that
marching doesn't mean very much."
Concerning Cc-Oparatlon,
The Canadian Co-Operator says that
lt may be a generation or more before
the robbery of the producer at the
point of production can be stopped.
C. P. Bell, who had 17 years' experience in co-operative business, has
been engaged by the New Westminster Co-Operative Association, as manager. The volume of trade has Increased -considerably since his acceptance of this responsible position. New
stores in the K. of B. block on Eighth
and Agnes streets have been leased
and the oulldlng Is without doubt one
of the most commodious and brightest
stores ln the city. The committee
have been commended on all Bides
for their enterprise In securing suc.h
desirable premises.
Lachlne (Quebec) has over 200 members. . For nine months (1912) the
Bales amounted to over (30,000.
The Twin City (Berlin) C. A. for
the first four months after Its forma,
tlon had sales of 17,238.83.
Alderman Walter Dodd Is secretary
ot the New Westminster Co-Operatlve
It may be stated that a co-operative
association Is In process of formation
tn this city, with headquarters at
Labor Temple.
Factory Workers Hold Open Meeting.
An organization meeting of factory
workerB was held ln Labor Teple last
Friday evening, which was presided
over by Organizer \<ellB of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters. Mr,
Wells, ln calling the meeting to order
enumerated the benefits to be obtained
by becoming a member of the factory
workers' branch of the society, and
pointed to the great ght put up by the
"bench hands" ln ictorla for improved
conditions, and although they did not
attain the end- desired, they had made
the "masters" ln that city respect their
organization, the ght was not yet over;
although the men were back at work.
Vice-president McMillan, of the TradeB
& Labor Council was asked to say a
few words and spoke In part as follows It was with great regret that he
knew that the unorganized factory
workerB ln this city worked nine, and
in a number ot cases ten and eleven
hours per day. In his opinion the man
that worked more than eight hours
per day ought to be given a term of
years in the penitentiary, or become
an Inmate of an asylum, those were
the most suitable places for men of
that type. With such a large number
of men out of work In all lines, workingmen should not work more than
six hours per day; It was long enough,
the boBs did not work as long as they
did, but he was better paid. He
owned, but did not produce. Now
there was only one way they, could
improve their working conditions, and
that was by being organised; the
sooner the bettor for themselves. Despite all this, two men made application to Join the union and a number
of them took the matter Into consideration. Organizer Wells reports
that since the meeting he has received
four more applications with ten more
to follow. "Everybody's doin' Ut'
Beems to be the factory workera' Slogan.
Cards inurted-for$1.00 aMonth
Meets in annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1912-13: President, J. w. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs. *B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberta, C. Slverti,
& J',Tfl.ylor: -we-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
Meeta flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; R. P.
Pettlplece, secretary; Jaa. Campbell,
treasurer; A. Beasley, atattottclan: J. H.
McVety. sergt.-at-arms; F. A. Hoover.
W. J. Pipes, J. W. Wilkinson, trusteea
every Monday. President, P. Sabln;
yice-president, Jas. Bitcon; secretary,
John McMillan, Labor Temple.
■ —Meets second Monday in month.
Preaident, E, Jarman; vice-president,
george Mowat; secretary, A, H. England.
Dlrectora: Fred A. Hoover. J. R
McVety. James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, J. H. Mc-
Vety, Room 211.   Sey. 6360.
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent, J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, 828 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
nesrtay In Room 802.
tloners'  Local  No.  46—
Meets second  and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President,   J.   Klnnaird;    rrjr-
'iiMBBt.f   responding  secretary.   W.
.wfliWRtaoY,   Rogers, Room 220, Labor
Temple;  flnanolal  secretary,  P.  Robin-
first and third Wednesdays, 8:30 p.m.
President C. E. Herrltt; recording sec-
detary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business agent, C. F. Burkhart, 439 Abbott
Street.   Sey. 2170.
Meets firat and third Sundays of
each month, 7:30 p. m., Room 306. President, Walter Laurie;.secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshavft Tel.
Sey. 463 (Yale Hotel).
and Jolnera, Local No. 617—Meeta
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
Preaident, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L.
H. Burnham. Room 304.    Sey. 1380.
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meeta Ashe's hall, 21at and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President.
wm. Robertson; recording secretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colllncwood East; flnancia.
secretary, J. A. Dickenson, South" Vancouver P. O.; treasurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, Jamea Hastett; corresponding aeeretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room
216.    Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 353 Cordova East;
aeeretary, A. Fraser. 1161 Howe Street.
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, I
p.m. President, Robert J. Cr-aig: secretary, J. c. Peuaer, Kurtz Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday in month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 432, or 1003 Burrard street.
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President, W. P. Carr; vice-president, Fred Fuller; recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 6 Lome street east; financial secretary, Harvey Sander: treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
Jones. Room 207, Labor Temple.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President S. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L, Est-
Inghauaen, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.	
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president. Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; aeeretary, A. O.
Hettler, 426 Dufferin street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62-^-Meeta
every Frtday evening, 133 Water street.
President, B. Hughes; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 133 Water street.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 p.m.
President,. Robt. Thompson; recording
secretary, J.Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 6360.
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson. Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.	
every Tuesday,  8 p.m.,  Room  221.
President,   T,   Burkes;   secretary,   Mike
Knelling, 882 Richards atreet.
No. 280—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
p.m., Room 802. Preaident, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; correapondln" secretary, James Ray-
burn; flananclal aeeretary, Wm. Jardlne.
Employees. Pioneer Division 'No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and flrat
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President.
H. Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V, Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A, Hoover,
2409 Clark drive*.
178—Meetings held flrst Friday in
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Nora-
tand; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
603; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
603. ■ '   	
cal No, 62—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R, Neville; secretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1203* woodland drive.	
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, G. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
The only house in town which
50 Year Old Brandy
Goods Delivered Free te all
parts of the city
Imperial Wine
54 Cobdova Street West
Phone Sey, 965
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand,
T. B. Cuthbertson
845 Hastings W.   (SO Granville
(It Hsstings W.
The Man Who Puts Wear Before
in His Shoes
is apt to get the advantage of a moderate
price instead of a nigh one, provided he
chooses his store right, A man would be
well advised to come here and see these
shoes we have just unpacked.  They are
not deficient in good looks but their chief
interest lies in the fact that each pair can say "I am solid leather
and made to give good service."
$2.35 for men's box calf bluchers with standard'screwed and.
sewn soles, leather lined, broad, easy last.
$3.00 for men's velour calf bluchers with stout sewn soles.
$3,00 for Men's Russia calf bluchers with sewn soles.
Boy'a Box Calf Bluchers; Solid wear, suitable for everyday or best.
Sizes 1 to 6 for $1.65       Sizes 11 to 13 for $1.35
Sizes 8 to 10 1-2 for $1.00
David Spencer, Ltd.
Js Honest Clothing   |
It stands for real value ln quality of cloth trimmings and workmanship—and is guaranteed to keep
Its shape.
Just take a look at your own.
Does lt fit on the shoulders and
around the collar? Has it held lta
proper shape ln front? That Is
where OampbflUi Clothing stands In
a class by Itself.   Ltt aa shoir you.
The Campbell Clothing Man
23 Hastings Street East
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
Stoves MP Ranges
Mount .Pleasant headquarters tor Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Mechanics' Tools
Including "The saw that has no equal"
Sole Agrali lor Vincouver
111 Hastings St. W.
Phone Ssymour 204
Hardware and Tools
fl A Splendid stook of the best in the world's market.
We make a speoialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan irf our line.
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 634
Are You Satisfied ?
Printing that Paw *•T- *ing>ler
""'""» """'"J        PHONE SEYMOUR 824
1} II you have any doubt about ihe Labor Temple, Eatraace aa Hornet St.
quality of your printing, call or phone ,   „ „ _ .   ...  ,
ui.   We can help you. we Print the B. C. Federationist
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation ot Miners
Subecrlptlon $1 Per Year
Miners' Magaslne 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
^c&>   OF AMERICA    rQtf*
Ask for This Union Label
Week End Trips
Every workingman needs rest and change.  It's true he can't
.  '  take a winter trip to Southern California or an extended trip
to the resorts in the rockles, but he should, as for as his time
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It is to meet the workingman's case that the B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged for week-end trips, at reduced rates, over ihe Fraser
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday and Sunday, good to return Monday. .
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
Trains leave Carrall Street station at8:30 a.m.; 12:15 and 5
p.m.  Trains returning from ChilHwack are so timed trial the   '.
round trip may be made in a day with a stopover of several hours i
TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT )SA*tJttDAif..lilii.:.i...6dt6fiBii 6, mi
Come and View New Af-
tivals in Women's Tailored
Advaaca tall styles an bow
oa display la the loll Department Man? new faatorea are
te ba found. Tie suits an
rather varied la strlea, ooata
favorlBf the 3* and M-lioh
laaallk Tha belted style Is
amok In evidence and tha ant-
.awajr atlll quite straw, Mar
aapeolallTjrood for tall, slender
anna. Tha shirts ratals tha
atmlfht line etTaot eves where
pleats an introduced. The
width ef shirts -has not ohanrad
worn' from one to two Inches
looser. All the new materials
are to ba found, bat tha ribbed weaves an noveltlee la the
heavier fabrics. They corns In
whip oorda Bedford cords aid
heavy corded ohovlota. All
diagonal. All dlafonal waavaa
an nod and many an to ba
found In the homaepuna aa wall
as the harder anrfaoed materials, in colore navy attain leads
hut tobacco and seal brown are
weU thoufht of, and tha
tweede show a combination of
aaveral oolon.
$30^$35, $40, $45
UP TO $65.00
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from  9 a, m.  to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
For the best union-made
in Vancouver try
Labor Temple Tailor
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
Port Mann
— is to be the centre for flour mills, workshops
and industrial plants. A good deal of the work
is under way. If you are interested, want to
know anything about Port Mann, write or call
6 Winch Building Vancouver, B. C.
Ladies' Knitted Coats iz%*_£
of fawn, made in semi-Norfolk style, buttoning close up to neck
with belt to matoh. Very comfortable and smart. Price 07.50
30M15 Hastings
Street West
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry v
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least
two years; improvements to the extent ol $2.50
per acre: payment ot $40 at the end ol two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
of vutixox aot
MoVety snd Federal Labor Department Hiniitejr Continue
.   Exchanging Courtesies.
Ottawa, September 12,1918.
Sir,—I am to acknowledge your letter addressed .to tbe Minister under
date of September 3rd; with reference
to certain aspects of tbe Industrial Disputes Investigation Act and Its administration.       '
, Tou ask whether, In the event ot a
Board having been refused, the employees concerned are free to strike.
The Minister's view Is that tbe courts
alone are vested with authority to de-
termlne whether in a given case the
statute has been infringed,
You discuss tho question of the applicability | of the statute In cases
where the employees are not British
subjects, and you appear not to have
clearly apprehended the Minister's
position on this point This particular
question Is not one, I am to state,
which has arisen for decision during
tbe administration of the Act, but the
Minister's view is that the Act applies
equally whether or not the employees
concerned are British subjects, In such
Industries, of course, aa are embraced
within the scope of the Aot . This
view Is believed to be entirely consistent with tbe statement contained ln
the departmental letter of August 1st
addressed to you by the undersigned,
"that the signatures to an application
should be those of persons resident In
It Is at the same time, I am to state,
the Minister's desire to.give a reasonable elasticity to the administration of
the Aot, and, as was intimated In the
Minister's letter to you of August 19th,
each application must be considered
on Its merits and having in mind all
Information before the Minister bearing thereon. -        ,
I have the honour to be
Your obedient servant,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
James H, McVety, Esq.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver, Sept 27,1912.
F. A. Acland,
Deputy Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont
Dear Sir: Replying to yours of the
12th Inst, with reference to certain
questions ln connection with the industrial Disputes and Investigation Act.
The refusal ot the Minister, representing as he does the Government, to
grant Immunity from the penalties of
the Act ln cases where applications for
boards have been refused Is in keeping
with the general administration of the
measure since It enactment, and Indicates that the spirit of "fairness"
exists in even smaller measure than
we had anticipated.
With reference to the question of
the nationality of applicants. You
state "This particular question Is not
one, I am to state, which has arisen for
decision during the administration of
the Act," a statement that is particularly refreshing ln view of the fact
that I have In my possession a letter
addressed to Mr. John Pearson, Agent
of the Sailors' Union, signed by Mr.
Gerald H. Brown, Acting Deputy
Minister, In which the application of
the employees of the Union Steamship
Company were refused a Board because the signatories were not British
subjects. The effort to shift ground
and to make lt appear as though "residence ln Canada" was the Issue Is
without avail, as the entire correspondence ln connection with the application of Mr. Pearson and his colleagues does not disclose a single
.reference or objection on the question
of residence. It seems rather late in
the day to raise this alleged reason for
a decision made some time ago, especially as the original correspondence
is still extant.
I am pleased to accept the decision
of the Minister that each application
for Boards "must be considered on Its
merits," but It would be Interesting to
know Just what constitutes "merits"
when applications are under consideration, The strength of an organization
—the. number of members—the proximity of an election and a host of other
considerations might be considered
"merits" by unkind critics, and lt Is
particularly unfortunate that the measure Is to become, like Its predecessor,
the Allen Labor Act, a political football.
Yours truly,
(Syd.) JAS. McVBTY.   ,
Purohaie 1,100 More Labor Temple Shares and Pan Upon Important Trade Questions.
The Typo, union meeting last Sunday afternoon was a bumper,' the hall
being filled to capacity, a condition
that may soon make the largest hall ltt
the Labor Temple necessary.
President Armstrong, who had Just
returned, with Alt. England1, secretary
of the Allied Printing Trades Council,
trom the I T. U. convention, presided
to the satisfaction of all.
~. The decision of last meeting to purchase 1,100 more shares ln the Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Ltd., was
finally passed upon, which makes No.
226 the largest union shareholders ln
the project. A number of Individual
members also signified their Intention
of getting In on the old rate before the
raise on Nov. 1.
The convention reports of Delegates
Armstrong and England, 1. T. U., and
Delegate Trotter from the recent convention of the Trades and Labor Con-
gress ot Canada at Ouelph, were read
and received.
The print shop of the Thomson
Stationary Co, (Gaskell-Odlum), Hastings Street was reported as nonunion, and action will at once be taken
to bring It Into line. A member of the
union, Morris, waa peremptorily ex-
nelled-tor "ratting," and the status of
one or two "white-washes" will be Inquired Into. Otherwise things prln-
torlally were reported to be moving
along nicely, though trade conditions
were a trifle slack on the Job side.
Wednesday, October 18, was fixed as
the date upon which the membership
would vote on certain 'questions sub-
l.mltted to a referendum by the I. T. U.
executive council. At the same time
and place the ..question of tbe union
subscribing, ln a body to The Federatlonist will be submitted to a vote.
A committee, with Geo. Wllby as
convener, was appointed to Investigate and report to next meeting regarding the advisability of No. 226 becoming a party to the formation of a
Pacific Northwest District of the Typographical Union, carrying with lt In
addition to many advantages a per
capita tax of 10 cents per quarter.
Another committee of three, of
which H.'C. Benson is chairman, was
named for the purpose of reporting on
the subject ot a real "get together" or
banquet some time In the near future.
Two new members were enrolled by
Initiation and about 20 travelling cards
accepted, with the usual batch of
Issuances outward bound.
The union decided not to become a
party to the arbitration agreement between, the American Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Intern-
national Typographical Union, an arrangement that can only be entered
Into with the consent of both local
The demands of the striking construction workers on the Grand Trunk
Paclc railway, who are making their
headquarters at Prince Rupert, B. C,
are as follows: "Nine hours shall constitute a maximum day's work, with a
minimum wage of 13.25 for muckers
and $3.r>0 for drillers; time and one-
halt for all overtime and Sundays.
Board not to exceed $1 per day. Better food, and strict enforcement of
the sanitary laws governing camps.
Hospital fees to be turned over to the
I. W, W., who will equip and maintain
all hospitals. Organizers and delegates
to have access to the camps at all
times." On July 20 about 3000 men left
the west end of the line In a body and
up to this time over 14,000 men have
quit the construction camps of the
G. T. P., so rotten are the working conditions Imposed by the contractors.
Ainu to Bring About An International Undemanding Between
Wageworken. -
Will Thome, M.P., wbo presided
over the deliberations of the recent
Brltish-Trade Union Congress, haa this
to Say about the proceedings: "It waa
the greatest and moat successful Congress ever held In this country, owing
to the large number of resolutions
carried, especially the one under the
head of political action. The majority
of the delegates were very much surprised at the small number of votes
against the resolution, because there
has been so much talk about syndicalism 4uring the last few months."
"The resolution on compulsory arbitration was voted down by a bigger
majority than at any previous Congress, and In face of such a big majority lt will be very difficult for the
government if they attempt to bring
forward their promised Bill on compulsory arbitration next session, . .
The resolution on the nationalisation
of the railways, land, mines, and
canals was also carried by a big
majority, the biggest that has ever
been shown. This goes to prove that
the railway strike of last year and tbe
coal strike of this have brought us
very much nearer to the land and railways becoming national property. . .
It appears to me that thli Congress
has shown more solidarity, unity and
understanding between all, delegates
than any previous Congress. There
was a general feeling exhibited between all delegates that there must be
amalgamations and assimilations between the various unions. . . For
the first time in the history of the Congress they.have decided to extend fraternal relations between Canada and
this country. The new parliamentary
committee havekuurther been Instructed to Invite trade union delegates
trom Germany, France, and one or two
other countries to attend our nextTrade
Union Congress, with a view of bringing about an international understanding with the wage-workers of other
countries. Thla, ln my opinion, is the
best that bas ever been made by any
trade unton congress, and Is bound to
prevent an increase ot armaments tn
all countries, and will to a great ex.
tent, be the means of preventing a
war taking place between any
European nations."—Reynolds.
Mr. Thome has been elected as the
first fraternal delegate to Canada, and
will attend the Montreal convention
oi the Trades and Labor Congress next
William McGllllvray, a miner employed by the Tacoma Steel Co., at
Marble Bay, Texada Island, bas been
awarded 13.000. damages by a Vancouver court, for the loss of his left
hand, due to a defective cable The
"compensation" had to be fought for
against one of the corporation lawyers
ln the province. Justice Morrison rendered the decision. Without a union
to back his case the chances ot winning a suit would have been very slim.
Vancouver's Acquisition.
Says the Winnipeg Voice: Mrs. Ada
Mulr, who has conducted the Woman's
Column ln The Voice for the past
seven years, leaves tbls week for the
Coast. Accompanied by Mr. Mulr and
family, they will locate ln South Vancouver. Mr. Mulr Is not In the best of
health, and lt Is hoped that a change
will do him good.
Molders' Delegate.
J. Lanlgan, the Vancouver "sand
rats"' delegate to the Molders' International union convention at Milwaukee, writes a postal to a friend
here: " . . .Strong and large bunch
of Reds here, and believe they will
eontrol the convention. Hope it will
be for the best Interests of all."
Riches and Contentment.
"Contentment Is better than riches,"
said the ready-made philosopher.
"True," replied Mr. DuBtln Stax,
"but my observation Ib that a man who
Is rich has a better chance of becoming content than a man who Is contented has of becoming rich."—Washington Star.
Clgarmakers' Ball.
Vancouver clgarmakers will hold
their eighth annual ball some time
next month, particulars of which will
be announced later. It may be difficult to outdo the efforts and success
of previous years, but the officers will
try.   Keep the event In,mind.
The Workers Forum
Editor B. C. Federationist: It Is beyond my power to make my position
more plain to Bro. Kavanagh. In reply to his last letter I asked him to
give further consideration to the arguments and facts set forth in the correspondence already published. My
quotations from Marx Justify the Labor party policy. Positive science;
the philosophy of the evolutionary
Idea; the superiority of artificial selection Justify the theory of revolution-,
ary reform.
It Is unworthy of Bro. Kavanagh to
speak of Hardle and Macdonald as
men who have been Interested In pro-
pagating false principles. It Is nonsense to say that these comrades and
the movement with which they are
allied are upholding the capitalist system. Whilst Hies:, men have been
honored with the opposition of a heavily financed anti-socialist union, Van
couver and British Columbia has been
and Is Increasingly dishonored by the
confidence of such as the Duke of
Sutherland, Lord Desborougb, Lord
Jolcey, the Beresfords, Doughtys,
Longs, and bloated antl-soclallst captains of British capital. They know
well enough that their capital Is safer
here so long as organized labor keeps
clear of politics and they see no harm
In the Socialist party of Canada sn
long as lt remains merely a modern
band of wise and otherwise men content to sit around and talk until capitalism obligingly brings worth from
Its Augean stable the new born child.
My patience Is at an end, Mr. Editor. The very thought of tne workers
submitting to be further fooled by
biblical Idea as worthless as the prophecies of scientific star artists and
as moth-eaten as eighteen hundread
years can make it is enough for m.
Let us pray for the Socialist party
of Canada, and then set to work to
better the condition of our class and
bring about ln a practical, workman-
like fashion a co-operative system of
society, a commonwealth In which
life Is possible.
During the past week' the local
building firm of J. J, Dlssette hired a
few carpenters. As soon as Foreman
Campbell discovered that some ot
them were members of tbe local carpenters' unions they were Invited to
call at the office and get their time.
If the carpenters of this city think for
one moment the "open" shop means
anything else but "closed" to union
men tbey have another guess coming.
Such discrimination should not be
tolerated for an Instant. Let the Jobs
be declared all union or all' scab.
There should be no halfway measures.
Tbe sooner the union building tradesmen recognize the necessity of drawing the lines as clearly as the employers do the better for all concerned. ,      ,(
Moving Picture Operators.
Local No. 233. Moving Picture
Machine Operators, are still on strike,
and still ask support of all union men,
their wives and families, by staying
away from picture shows. Two large
fires have occurred In the Imperial and
Savoy Theatres, while several fires
have occurred ln two other theatres.
Incompetent operators were the cause
of all the fires mentioned above. The
big fire' which occurred ln the Savoy
Theatre on Friday, Sept. 27, was kept
very quiet, as the B.C. Exhibitors' Association wished to keep the general
public Ignorant of the danger In connection with inflammable material
used In the film. We wish to warn all
working men to keep their wives and
children away from these theatres
which are employing Incompetent
operators. The city electrician still
continues to Issue licences to Incompetent men. ,
Local 69, 8. P. of C.
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, has been
elected as secretary of Local No. 69,
S. P. of C„ vice Stanley Lefeaux, resigned.
"The need of a strong organization
In Vancouver, which is the headquarters of the S. P. of C," says Secretary
Lefeaux to The Federationist, "has
never been more apparent than lt is
today. The material for such organization, also the financial backing, are
available in this city; the only thing
we lack is a systematic effort to gather
this material and build up at least the
frame of an organization Into which
we can all fit when tt becomes necessary to take some Important step or
do any Important work in connection
with the movement with which we are
all Insympathy."
Teamsters Affiliate,
Local 386 of the International
Teamsters, Chauffers, Stablemen and
Helpers Is the latest union to affiliate
with Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, contributing four more delegates to central labor body activities.
A Winner.
'Was the charity ball a success?"
."Oh, yes, Indeed. They say the gowns
must have cost a half-million at least."
"And how much waa -raised for
charltyT" "Why , nearly $700. Wasn't
that tine"—Cleveland Plaln'Dealer.
Quebec Federation of Labor,
The unionists of the  province of
Quebec have Initiated a movement to
organize a Provincial Federation of
Start right now to take some of the
profits that rightly belong to you, and
make money besides. Loam about
the co-operative plan of Co-operative
Stores, Limited, which will open a
grocery and provision store in the
Labor Temple, 419 Dunsmuir treet, on
Saturday, October 5. Watch them
grow—and grow with them.
A Correction
A few weeks ago The Federatlonist.
published an article dealing with the
Australian tour of the Cadets and
mentioned Mr. George Dyke, school
trustee, as being an "ardent Imperialist" and In favor of the cadets' trip
to Australia.
Mr. Dyke called at this office and
pleads guilty to the "ardent Imperialist" charge, but denies that, he was
In favor of the cadets going to Australia—he wanted them to golo Toronto.
The FederatloplBt gladly makes the
correction, although It cannot see why
Mr. Dyke should wish Toronto such
hard luck.
Terrible Toll of "Peace."
Six hundred and fifteen mine workers were killed in the hard coal mines
of Pennsylvania ln 1911, according to
the annual report Issued by James K.
Roderick, chief of the state bureau of
mines. That the same statistical Information cannot be obtained ln British Columbia Is ine of the peculiarities
of the McBride government. If tbe
figures were given publicity it might
start something.
Dessrves Support of All
"The inspiration that comes from tho
thoughts of the good that might be
done for a lot of the world's workers
who have been so long under the domination of the 'worst trust of them all'
should spur forward tho best thought
for the solution of this problem."
Carpenters Wanted
To attend joint mass meeting, to be
held ln Room 401 Labor Temple, on
Friday evening, Oct. 18, at 8 o'clock.
Carborundum Stonea — the
market We have the moat
coarse, in plain and double
Nail Bags.....;....   26e
Wood Hawks S1.15
Underhill Hatchets. .(2.36
Hatohet Gauges.... .15
Wood Darbies..,... ' ,76
hardest and fastest cutting on tho
complete line in line,' medium and
6-in. 1.00; 7-in. 1.15; 8-in. 1.88.
Stanley Ratchet
95c, S1.25, $1.75, i£25 and
Samson Braces with ring
ratchet — 15-in. sweep,
•3.35; 12-in. t3.65a4-in.
Diastons Plastering Trowels •1.65
Marehaltown    "      /"    £60
Atkins ,   "    ' ." .'    250
We carry a fall line of tools for artisans and mechanics
: In every trade.   Come and see.
TELEPHONE  SEYMOUR 3472 and 8473
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
and Dull Leathers I
Tans If You Prefer    j
VasWIHMIfKf ■rWsWTs^saFm        ssa^vel
Tennis Shoes
Opposite the City Hal
Hamad Shoos Are) rreKrusmtlr
Mstda> in Won-Unlotv roctorloe
no matter what lta name, unless It bean a
plain and readable Impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot tt Shoo Workers' Uniosa
248 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Balne, Sec-Tress.
Honest Leather I
'   under proper conditions, in sanitary work- <
shops has one inevitable result
THE SHOE ^|||ty^|^%T^ Look for the
specialist    yjyf   m^sf m^jsf '^aJ  Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
"Work with tne President and
the President works with you"
Prtildtiit Buiptadtri Ou*r»ntMd
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited FOtR
..OCtOBfift C 1112
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town oustomers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do,
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
It has been suggested that we
print a card, 11x14 inches,
setting forth the superiority
Whale Brand
"Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
To the wage-worker who will
send us the best "copy" for
the proposed card, we will
give a prize of $5 in casn'
Answers to be mailed
not later than Sept. 30
22 Water St Phone Sey. 1993
We can furnish
Woa't yau lei
si  haf. your
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
For Expert
aad Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings St. West
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll 20c
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Bale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Cleaned, Blocked, Dyed
|533 Richard. St | Hat Hospital
You are hereby Invited to visit our
new demonstrating rooms at 848 Granville, and see the 26-horsepower TAXi*
■OT »OILB» in operation. If you have
already seen the boiler you must know
that we have a proposition whloh Is rev*
olutlonlilng steam and Is bound to make
big money for all who participate tn the
development of this company. If you
have not seen the boiler you owe lt tb
yourself to at least Investigate. A description in print of the advantages of
over all other
boilers would sound like a fairy tale.
Pay us a visit and have them explained
in person. It will, be well worth your
time and trouble to Just aee a boiler
which haa all lta water on top and all
tha ateam at the bottom, next to the
firebox, where lt belongs. Mention this
paper when you call. .There Is a reason,
REMEMBE7R, we are atlll selling
stock at par, 11.00 per ahare. Get at
least a small block before lt advances in
price. We give you terms which will
please you.
msboc isramaora oo., md.,
Carrall Street
(Continued From Page One.)
putting some of that appreciation into
concrete form by paying a widow or
two the measly "compensation" due
under the Workmen's Compensation
Act for the loss' of husbands and
breadwinners m
The truth of the matter Is; we'have
been driven to'desperation by the
arrogant tactics and methods of the
local coal company officials and lack
ot enforcement of the Coal Mines
Regulation Act. We have determined
to put a stop to some of It, and this
we can only hope for by having a
union to back us up. Individually we
can do nothing. Organised we can
compel the company to listen to our
grievances and adjust some, of the
more flagrant abuses of the coal miner.
The president .of our District Is
ready and willing to have a committee
meet Mr. Clinton at any place and at
any time, but we propose to stand up
like men and be counted. We have
tired of being helpless slaves, subjected to the whims and caprices of as
mean a buneh of slave-drivers as ever
drew the breath of life.
We are laboring under great difficulties, the varied number of nationalities, purposely Imported by the bosses,
making organisation and understanding tedious, but ln spite .of all the
company can do to prevent lt we are
off to a good start, and victory will be
ours, because we are strong enough to
wring It out of the coupon-clippers who
own the mines upon which we are dependent for a living for ourselves and
dear ones; Nothing can stop us now.
We are out to win. Not a wheel hu
turned since we laid down tools. Not
a wheel will turn until we turn them.
It has been the best evidence ot Industrial unity ever exhibited on this Did
Island. Engineers, trainmen, all, ln or
out ot our union, are with us, and we
will because we must—or get off the
IIOOBTD WABSOWa UIIOI construction will soon start. Buy now before
prices Jump; four large lots left; only
a blook from waterfront, right at Second Narrows! 1660 eaoh; quarter caah,
balance 6, IS, 18 months. What will
these he worth when building begins?
Whltaker A Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experta, ISO Howe street, Van.
Wea* Leader
It helps you to be well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and stiff hats of
every conceivable style
and color are here at a
saving to yourself ot a
dollar to a dollar and a
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Will Assist President Brown In
Furthering Organization of
Timber Workers.
VANCOUVER, Oct. 3—Regular
meeting Trades and Labor Council
convened this evening at 8 o'clock,
A. P. of L. Organizer Young' In the
chair, In the absence of President
Kavanagh and Vice-President McMillan; other officers present.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Teamsters   and   Chauffeurs—O. B.
Wilson, L. Burfl.lt, P. S. Faulkner, T.
Machinists—J. Davis.
Application for affiliation and credentials received, and delegates obligated.
Regular meeting executive held October 2.   Present:    Dels.   McMillan,
chairman; Beasley, Pipes, McVety and
the secretary.
Communication from Local 386, International Teamsters, Chafreurs, Stablemen and Helpers: Application for
affiliation, enclosing 15, and credentials for four delegates. Committee
recommends acceptance of affiliation
and credentials.   Concurrence.
From Local 132, Journeymen Tailors'
Union, Toronto, asking for financial
assistance towards their light against
the Merchant Tailors' open shop campaign ln Toronto. Recommended tbat
appeal be placed In hands of local Tailors' union, endorsed by this Council,
and that local unions be visited by
Tailors' union on behalf ot strikers.
Prom Toledo MetaT'Trades Council,
asking for co-operation ln securing an
amendment to the A. F. of L. constitution, providing for the amalgamation
of such unions as by referenduum vote
desire to do so. Secretary to acknowledge and assure the Toledo Council of
Its hearty endorsatlon of the plan Initiated.   Concurrence.
From A. Peralon, general secretary
International Hod Carriers and Building Laborers' union, Albany, N.Y~ regarding Local 230, Vancouver. Filed.
Beaaley-Plpes—That we vote $100 to
George Heatherton to assist In further
organisation of the loggers. \ Concurrence.
Regarding the holding of special
meetings, by the Council, referred to
the executive, we desire to report progress, and a plan will be submitted at
next meeting to cover the requirements. Meantime the executive is
prepared to furnish speakers to local
unions holding mass meetings.
The following accounts recommend,
ed for payment: K. Hutto, distribution
-of U. M. W. of A. strike stickers, 14;
James Campbell, September, 110; Jas,
H. McVety, half September, 15; R. P.
Pettlplece, half September, |5: L. R.
Gould, Labor Day account, $5; F.
Freckelton, stamps, $5; E. T. Kings-
ley, 600 statistician cards, 18.60; 600
letter heads, Treasurer' Campbell,
$3.76; Remington Typewriter Co.,
typewriter stand, $15; Vancouver La-
bor Temple Co,, $24; Qeorge.Heather
ton, $100. Concurrence.
Roll Call.
Statistician Beasley reported 61 accredited delegates present.
Reports of Unions,
Letter Carriers—Del. Harloch reported that a smoker would be held in
Labor Hall, October 19.
Amalgamated Carpenters—Delegate
Smith reported that a successful
smoker had been held. Membership
Increasing; 76,000 In all.
Lathers—Del. Mldgley reported some
new members coming ln. New local
organised at New Westminster.
Moving Picture Operators—Delegate
Schmidt reported Princess theatre still
on non-union list. Crystal and Sun
were fair.
Bartenders—Del. Cleary reported
Machinists—Del. McVety reported
that union had renewed Its subscription to The Federatlonist in a body.
Painters—Del. Freckelton reported
flrst ot series of educational meetings
on October 10.
Teamsters—Del. Faulkner reported
that they now had 89 members, and
hoped to Increase that number with
assistance of Organiser Toung.
Garment Workers—Del. Miss Brisbane reported fairly good progress.
Urged Increased demand for their
Union Label.
Engineers—Del. Blumberg reported
Barbers—Del. Burkhart reported renewal ot affiliation with Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada. Secretary's office would soon be located tn
Labor Temple.
Benedict Sentence.
Del. Burnham reported result of his
interview with Solicitor Farris regarding Benedict sentence of nine months,
and upon motion tbe question was referred to the executive with authority
to act.
Parliamentary Committee.
Secretary Pipes reported progress.
Labor Day Committee.
Chairman J. C. Burgess reported In
detail covering the Labor Day celebration, showing a balance of $265.30.
Received and referred to auditing committee.
Municipal Election.
Del. McVety reported that Local No.
69, 8. P. of C, had been visited. It
was willing. Other locals would be
visited during coming week. Received.
, New Business.
Upon motion Joseph De Mayer, of
the I. W, W. strike committee, fresh
from the scene of the Grand Trunk
Pacific strike, was given the floor,
when he briefly reviewed the conditions prevailing and what the 6,000
strikers were after, emphasizing their
demand for a shorter workday. Strike
had been on since July 24, and lt was
still on, with the Prince Rupert organised workers on their side. Situation
well In hand, and expected to win during the coming month.
McVety-Knlght—That request be reported back to local affiliated unions
by delegates.   Carried.
Pres, J. O. Brown.
J. G. Brown, president of the Shingle
Weavers' International Union, was Invited to address the meeting. "Our
problems as a working class In every
country are the same," said President
Brown. H dealt with the necessity of
organization Into one big union of tbe
workers In the lumber Industry
throughout the Pacific Northwest,
Plans were now being drafted which
will make possible such an effective organization.
Upon motion the secretary was Instructed to draft a resolution heartily
endorsing the organisation plans out-
General Organizer of the American Federation of. Labor, Who la Doing Good
Work Among Local Unions and Assisting ln the Organisation of Several
New Unlona.	
Vanoouver Asks for Investigation
of Merits of Industrial Unionism—Will Compile Results.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll bas decided to take the Initiative
in causing a general continental discussion upon the merits of Industrial
Unionism, as they see lt At the regular meeting, Aug. 15, the following
resolution, Introduced by the Painters'
delegation, was, after a thorough and
Instructive discussion unanimously
adopted: -
"That this Council endorse the principle of Industrial Unionism, and tbat
our delegate to the American Federation of Labor be instructed to vote
accordingly . Copies of this resolution to be forwarded to all Central
Labor Bodies In Canada, and report
the result of the vote to this Council."
The circular) Is signed by President
J. Kavannagh and Secretary R. P,
Pettipiece, and in support of the action continues: "We feel satisfied that
the subject Is one, worthy of the at-
tentlon and consideration of livery
member of organised labor on this
continent. That there Is need for
closer feweration In our ranks there
can he no question. The Introduction
of modern machinery; the elimination
of skilled labor; the present lack of
craft' unity.;1 "constantly increasing
Jurisdictional squabbles; the trustification of industry; the gigantic and
effective organisation of employers
everywhere; these and many other
reasons that could he enumerated, appeal to us as warranting a discussion
of the advisability of Increasing the
size and decreasing tbe number ot
present-day unions—accepting all that
Is commendable of the Industrial
Union Idea and adopting the principle
in the workings and reorganization of
the workers with that end in view.
In tbe hope that tbe action of Vanoouver Trades and Labor Co uncil will
provide food for11 he best consideration, reflection and action of your central labor body, and Arm In the conviction that In' 'the'unity of labor is
the hope of the world,' we remain—"
(Continued From Page One.)
Labor Temple Directors.
At the monthly meeting of the
Board of Directors of the Labor
Temple Co., Ltd., a number of questions of Importance were disposed of.
Tbe Secretary reported that 4,600
shares had been sold during the
month, and that the Individual members of unions were showing a keener
Interest than ever before. In view of
the Increased Interest and the fact
that the Board desires to sell the re-
matnlng 20,000 among unionists, it
was decided to postpone the date ot
Increase In the price trom Oct. 1 to
Nov. 1, when they will be Increased to
$1.60. ■■■.:   .'
Tbe building was shown to be now
entirely occupied, a very creditable
condition of affairs, considering the
many vacant stores and offices In the
It was decided to equip tbe building
with oil burning apparatus forthwith,
the experience of other buildings and
steam producing plants showing that
a material saving In fuel and labor
can be effected.
A cordial Invitation to take advantage of the extension of time on the
shares Is hereby Issued, and terms
can be arranged for those unable to
pay cash.
could no longer return to their little
plot of ground on the estate of tbe
feudal baron, for they were now free.
"Right of Eminent Domain."
Although the "Divine Right" doctrine had fallen into disuse, rulers and
parliaments still found lt necessary to
take land and other property for the
use of the State. A new system was
devised, a system by which the owner
was compensated for any land taken
by the State, tbe power by which this
right of expropriation was exercised
being called the "Right of eminent
domain." This law Is still ln force
and Is used whenever a city, province
or nation requires any privately owned
property for the general use.
Modern Wage System.
To return to the position of the
workers under the newly Inaugurated
wage system. With the introduction
of machinery, the human race leaped
forward at a rate tar In excess of any
other period tn history. The workers
became a part and parrel of the great
Industrial system that had sprung up
through the use ot machinery ln some
countries. Generation after generation never put-their toot on agricultural land, but were huddled together
in crowded tenement districts ln the
cities. Where the greatest amount of
goods was produced there would be
found the greatest poverty and degradation. Where food was produced
the producers would be starving. .In
clothing districts the producers would
be found In rags, and, generally,
speaking, the great mass of the work'
ers found themselves a great deal
worse off under the freedom of the
wage systm than under the slavery of
Wage-Workers Organize.
But the workers did not give up.
They organized by subdivisions ot
trades and endeavored by suddenly
withdrawing their labor-power from
Industry to force the employers to
concede a greater proportion of the
product. The movement grew by
leaps and bounds, until parliaments
or legislative bodies placed severe
penalties on anyone wbo dared to refuse to work for certain sums which
were fixed. They were, however, per
mttted to work for as much less than
the prescribed rate aB they saw fit.
But the organisation of the workers
proceeded, ln spite of the penalties
and the struggle between the land
owners and the manufacturers finally
resulted In the workers, or a portion
ot them being given the right of the
ballot, the manufacturers believing
that the workers would side with
them against the landowners, a belief
that wa8 well founded.
Advent of Strikes.
Laws against organisation were
eventually repealed and nearly every
trade, in the countries where Industry
was being carried on to any great
(extent, organized ln various forms for
the protection of their members and
tor the purpose of securing higher
wages. Strikes became almost as reg*
ular as the seasons warranted and lt
became difficult to carry on Industry
owing to the serious Interruptions
caused by tbe cessation of labor, par
ticularly on the part of thoBd engaged
ln quasi-public utilities such as railways, telegraphs, steamships, and
mines. In the countries where these
utilities, or any of them, were state-
owned, the workers were partly defeated by the government's manning
Meter Cyole Races.
The Vancouver   Motor Cyole Club
will run off the' Labor Day races, postponed because ot rain, during the present month,
Painters'' Mass Meeting.
Don't forget the Painters' flrst educational meeting next Thursday, Oct
10, 8:30 p.m.   'Bro. Wilkinson la the
speaker.   Everyone welcome.
"Don't wait for the Joy-for-ever to
come. All that's coming to you you'll
get right here on earth, ao don't be
a dead lamb. Organize with your fellow to get all; you can while you—
may." j
"Printer's Ink-/' the recognized authority on advertising, says; "After thorough
investigation, of the subject, a labor
paper is a far better advertising medium
than an ordinary newspaper in comparison of circulation. A labor paper, for
instance, with a circulation of 2,000 is of
more value to the merchant who advertises than an ordinary newspaper with
12,000 circulation." .
Used by President Brown; copies to
be forwarded to Victoria, New Westminster and Nelson Trades-end Labor
Vice-President McMillan was authorized to sign checks during the absence of President Kavanagh.
The holding of a banquet was referred to the executive for consideration.
Receipts, $56.80; expenses, $200,80.
Adjournment 10:15 p.m.
Your Appearance
MANY a man has lost
"* good opportunities for
advancement in life simply
because he did not dress
well. Theprioe of stylish,
serviceable clothing today
is so little that anyone' oan
afford it. If you doubt
this, come to our store.
We will prove it to your
613. Granville Street
Your Ghains-
and go back
to thi land
We Help You to. Locate
Western Farming ft Colonization Co.
5 Winch Building       LIMITED        Vancouver, B.O.
Homesteads and Pre-Emptions
in British Columbia
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822.
A Storeful of New Autumn Merchandise  Is  Ready to  Greet You   Here
Especially attractive are the new
displays of handsome dress fabrics and silks for the new season.
Every wynted weave, every new
weave and every color are well
shown.   A visit to our Daylight
Dress Goods Department on the
second floor will interest every
Woman who is planning a new
suit or gown. Hay we nave the
pleasure of showing you our
handsome stock.
SAITZBOSJ bt. waa*
Between Abbott ana Carrall.
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
the utility with troops, hut this has
never teen an entire success in the
British Empire,
Employers  Disturbed.
How to prevent this dislocation of
the commerce has long been the subject ot study on the part of the employing class, or rather, the legislative
representatives of that class.
"The right of eminent domain," applied to labor, a remedy first Introduced In the civilised world by Rudolphs Lemleux, In 1907, he being at
that time postmaster-general and Minister of Labor ot the Dominion of Canada. Shortly afterwards the New Zealand government applied the same
law, ln a worse form than had been
enacted In Canada.
The Lemleux Act.
As applpled to labor, the "right of
eminent domain" applies not only to
State-owned utilities, but to all specified utilities, regardless of ownership,
tinder the terms,'of tbe Canadian act,
labor Is unable to Increase the price
of Its' commodity, labor-power, without flrst giving 30 days' notice and
afterwards having the matter Investigated by a board, appointed by the
state, thus giving the employer an opportunity of securing the required
commodity In another market, or taking advantage of changed conditions
In his own market, changes that are
likely to accur from climatic or other
causes. While, a handicap Is placed
on the workers by the state, the sellers of other commodities are permitted to Increase their prices without
reference to anything, but the condition of the market. Canada occupies
the unloue position of having first applied this hobble to labor and this Is
the measure that Is so deeply Interesting the employing class of Oreat
The Remedy?
The remedy! Where Is it? Pre-
vented from even taking advantage
of the labor market as do other sellers
of commodities, and Without the
slightest hope that the legislation now
ln force will ever be repealed by the
owners, who recognise the stranglehold they have obtained, what Is the
working class to do?
I see ho.way out, except to remove
laborpower from tbe oategory of a
commodity, and to do that requires a
Btudpendous onslaught on the citadels
of capitalism—the legislative halls of
this and every other country on top
of earth.
The most fashionable dance among
wage-workers Is the sidestep.
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
4 When you buy your suits
(rom ui you sre doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
*J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
became you are assured of the
Harris Hair Tonic
Dandruff Cured or Money Back
a. o. Banana mrrnvr oo,
sit bobsost stbbbt
Mone Sennonr **»1
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"The Vloyele with the Btpntettoa''
Full line of acoeHfiorles
Repalro promptly executed
eifl xaitxvqi st. b.
 Phone leymrar 7808
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Slove Castings and Repairs Kept
,    in stock
138 Cordova St. East
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
Whea yau play Pool Play at the
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union   .
39 Hastings Street East
J. 0. Parliament, Prop.
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Rhymes of Revolt
Neat little volume of virile verse
25c Special price for quantities
For Sale al Labor Temple Cisei Store
Something New
If yon are ruptured you should
have the best. This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Appliance.
Write or Call for Information
Private Pitting Rooms    -
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   f>n    694 Richards
6760 UUt       Street
Wouldn't You Be
> angry, if after purchasing
Stove Bedding, Crockery and Furniture else-
' where, yon found ont yoli .
' could get the same things
for a great deal less at
897 Granville St., Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745


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