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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 27, 1912

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Array *—-m
ciRCULAtlbN .It; V. M
Fourth Yea,'*   fo.
Bishop Vaughn,  the  distinguished
English prelate, has come to America
to point out the unrighteousness of
. the working'olsss uniting for the pur-
i pose of establishing better conditions
for themselves and families under a
| cooperative system of Industry called
The bishop will esrn his money and
i do his duty to those who employ him,
but It will take something besides talk
to explsln away the cold, hard facts ot
working clsss poverty under the rule
, of prlvste monopoly. The bishop will
go from our shores with his object un-
sttslned because tt Is to accomplish
the Impossible, to thwart the progress
ot natural evolution.'
It Is contended by the bishop and
others high ln church authority thst
Socialism Is against religion.
If the greed and avarice of commercial buccaneers Is a form ot religion
to be fostered and sustained, then we
are against that kind of religion.
The essence or aim of Socialism Is
to bring order out of disorder, to harmonise and unify the Interests of all.
Is this Irreligious?
If It Is bad tor the helpless workers
to combine to establish better cndl-
ttons, why was It not bad for the oppressive capitalists to combine? When
these powerful, labor crushing organisations ' were formed, you, Bishop
Vsughn and the organisation back ot
you, remained unmoved. They were
not stigmatised as against religion.
Yet deceit, force and fraud were back
of every one of them. In wolflshness
and feline mercllessness has the capitalist class ever stalked their quarry,
the workers.   Vet their actions: Were
terlal wealth.in the hands of the op-s)-
pressors ot lsbor was more potent in
arousing you and those you represent
to action than all the untold misery of
the working-class.
Tour conception arises "from the
means whereby yod sustain your physical lite, vis. by the division of humanity Into classes, Into master and
man, employer and wage worker and
this precludes the possibility of you
snd the clsss you represent under
standing the necessity of world wide
unity to those who toll.
Suggestion to Local Correspondent and Others of His
Frame of Mind.
A local correspondent, who falls to
make known his identity, writes The
Federatlonist, protesting against the
acceptance of advertisements from'
one of the big departmental stores of
the city, upon the grounds that It
"does not pay labor union wages to
men or females, and cares nothing for
and even refuses to purchase union-
made goods."
A statement, hy the way, that would
be equally applicable to practically
every store In the city.
If the correspondent    ln question
would muster up sufficient courage to
demand the Union Label when making purchases or refuse to buy the
goods the evil would soon be eliminated.
The fault lies with   the   workers
never msde a target against which to themselves, not with the merchants,
engage ln s great moral crusade. They are not ln business for their
How Is It that when the poor work, health, and can probably make more
ers whose lives are made miserable by I profit out of the sale of non-union
all the flagrant abuses and oppression or prison-made goods. T
of private monopoly, organise to right {   This because they find union (?)
their wrongs at the ballot box, you are' men willing to buy such .goods,
up ln arms against tbem? I   When tbe workers   demand   the
The reason Is, you fear the rising I Union Label upon goods purchased
tide ot working class Intelligence. The, there there will be no neeed to chide
working class is dally getting a better
Idea of the material basis ot life.
They begin to understand the motives
bsck of men, and political parties and
organisations, and it Is making tbem
conscious of the necessity of subject-
Ing all your gross materialism to control, that the spiritual may have a
chance to develop. They see thst prlvste capital In the hands of a Morgan
or a Rockefeller or a Roman hierarchy. Is not a divine but a human Institution, and that Its oppressive char
acter is no longer tolerable for the
masses. You are educated, Bishop
Vsughn, but lack knowledge ot the
process of social evolution.
Because of your unfortunate situation In being at and representing, a
class who has made a divinity of material things,. you think Socialism
threatens your material power, and
presuming upon the religious inclinations of the people, yqu tell them it
Is sgsinst religion. Again, I ask you,
what kind of a religion Is it against?
The protection of all this vast ma-
the only medium the workers have—
the labor press—for acceptance ot advertisements of any sort.
Tbe chances are the same correspondent has been paying for and receiving the dally press for low these
many years, containing the advertisements now complained of.
And it's a ten to one snot he never
subscribed for a Labor paper ln his
life. ' ,
Yet with such support he expects
tbe central labor body to run a
paper at no cost to Its affiliated membership.
It would be Interesting, too, to have
a committee of one make an investigation of the apparel ot the correspondent, as: to the number of union
labels he bears.   Come again.
araotwa ihcbease
notice to ornr
Tbe city delivery ot The Federatlonist Is now In charge of
the Northwest Messenger Co.
Their phone number Is Sey.
If you fall to receive your
paper promptly, or wish a
change In address phone 9240.
pace with the high cost
in .thls^clty, Vancouver Typographical
In order to as far aa possible keep
 of living; existing
  ar  Typographic!,!
Union, No. 22S, linn for, the piiHt two
months been negotiating a new scale of
wiitjes to apply to Job printing ollteo,'.
At a special meeting held on 24th July
Inst., n proposition satisfactory to the
employers and employees was adopted
by No. 820.
The new scale provides an Increase of
82.00 per week, which brings the wnges-
of Job printers to 827,50 per week of
forty-eight hourH, and Is signed for a
period of three years.
A persistent demand for the Union
T.abel on all printing will at this time
he of materia), assistance to the Typo-
gninhical Union and allied trades.
Union men—and others—be consistent
and demonstrate that your cry for better working conditions and the upbuilding of a Greater Vancouver la not an Idle
those who are favorable to the better-'
ment of the worklngman. Demand the
.n   Old-Time   Vancouver   nloaiat   Still
Serving aa an Executive Btamfeer ot
Typographical Union and Delegate to. Central labor  '
Wilkinson at Sandon, B.C.
: J. W. Wilkinson, after visiting Rev-
elstoke on behalf ot tbe Trades and
Labor Congress ot Canada, went on
to Sandon, where he addressed a large
open meeting of all workers last Saturday evening. Many miners came ln
specially from the mines around Sandon and the meeting was ss good as
has been held by organised labor for
many mdonB. At the close of Wilkinson's address, many questions were
asked regarding the past and future
of tbe Congress, which proved that
the meeting had been an Instructive
and Interesting one for the workera of
lightly sold
bit of gold.
tsob swob now*.
When a girl goes wrong we mouth and
prate ,'.'■■       '
Of how she. "fell from her high estate."
Of womanly virtue—and llghtl:
Her body and eoul for a bit ol „.-.
And the moralists lift tbelr eyes and
sigh .''  • ■
That aha dropped ao low- from a placeso
And nine times out of ten that place
Was a Job that sapped all.her youth and
and grace ••..    .
That starved her body arid warped her
soul .■'
And took her life as .toll. . '.,.    .    .
A Job. scarce paying her board and rent
In a shabby place in a tenement.     '
That .left her, whan her wiek was done,
With never a cent for decent fun;
A Job tnat the devil must have planned
To put temptation on ovary hand
That shut her out from her rightful
shsre .,    :    '.'«„..-'-
Of love and sunshine and-God's fresh
Well, that la the high estate wa give'.
To girls who honestly try to live ..
In waya of virtue and patha of good
Which we "properly ask for. womanhood."
We let them starve in their rectitude.
And our cries of censure are loud and
long-    . J,   ., •■, • s*a} .      •  . ..
When a girl goes wrong*
■    —Barton Bradley.
'•'-' —*?if '     '_''■
Seattle Convention Frames Program to Meet Requirements of
Its 5,000 MemftriUJ).
The coal miners of;; Washington
state are In the midst of a very Important convention' at Seattle. The
delegates are In Joint conferences
with tbe mine owners to adjust a
wage Bcale and an agreement cover-
Ind other wonting conditions for the
next two years.
The coal miners. are, the largest
single body ot organised-workingmen
In the state, comprising upward of
6,000 men. And they are the only
organisation which is compelled to
fight real Big Capital, the Northern
Pacific Railway Company being the
Traoy's Plan Altersd.
First Vice-President Oeo. A. Tracy,
of the International Typographical
Union, who has been detained In
Vancouver in connection with the negotiation of a job scale for some time,
will be compelled to .cancel other
dates throughout Western Canada for
a time. He bas to attend a meeting
of the I. T. U. executive council on
August 7th at Cleveland, O., and will
proceed from hare east via Calgary
end Winnipeg.
A local of theisheet Metal Workers
has been' organised by W. J. Bartlett
at Winnipeg.
26.—(Special)—The prospects
for a complete tie-up of all tbe
coal mines on Vancouver Island,
are developing at a rate tbat
warrants the facts being made
Premier McBride's' long-promised commission will probably
come too late to prevent one of
the most far-reaching strikes
ever pulled off In British, Columbia.
Gross violations of the law by
the mine owners and discrimination against union men are
chief among the grievances,
though the working .conditions.
are rapidly going from bad to
. A series of meetings will be
held during the coming week to
discuss the situation*.!   - -''•
Organiser for   tha Trad..
Ooignai      ~     "   ~
dtan   ST'
Typo Union Xzeoatlve.
JB of Canada, stow In the Oaaa-
xrorthwast—Kembar   ~
    ■■      -  t =
largest mine owner in Washington.
The convention has drawn up demands for a workday of "eight hours
from bank to bank,"'-that is, eight
hours from the time they go underground till they come out on top
At present they work .eight hours
underground and go down into the
mine and leave again on their own
time. •   ... '.
Many other demands, such as pro-
Visions for the price of powder, a
semi-monthly payday, and othesr, are
on the program that must be thrashed
out before the close of the convention,
—Hoquiara Free Press.
Central Labor Body 'Meeting.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council meets next Thursday evening,
August 1,'at 8 o'clock sharp. President-elect Kavanagh will" wield the
gavel, and as there are several matters requiring tbe attention of delegates, including the celebration of
Labor Day, all delegates are urged to
be present.
■qn,o.-eliarigo at Government- to* Aon*.
nnnn »     1...1.     1.1.1. LJ        j     A      -''
/       ,-      -         -.      -.	
change nothing but tho nnme
When in Doubt
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
.The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note the lit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish, etc. There's' no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them for good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally good. Note
the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good jacket, that's tbe
one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Bay Stores
Warm Debate Over Civic Enter-
tainment of "Royalty"—Official Minutes.
(Sec. New Westminster T, anil L. C.)
new  Westminster;  juiy   24.—
Regular meeting Tradea. and Labor Coun
ell held this evening, Pres. Stoney In
Minutes previous meeting read and
Credentials read from W, R. ' Car-
-lientor? for O. Wnrdrone; Painters, Albert Arfjyle,  Thos. Collins.
Communications rend and disposed of
if follow?:
I Two'Hnrfoors, Minn., stntinp that the
c|ty Iind opened, a Municipal Coal Yard,"
hut after buying seven cars of ciial hud
been refused a further supply by the
conl operators,.   Filed for reference.
B. C. Federation of Labor, calling for
payment of cnulta tax.   Ordered paid.
Now Westminster Labor Temple Co.
asking for delegate to shareholder*'
meeting on Friday, August and. Laid
over to new business.
, Seports of Committees.
Committee on Ways nnd Means to se-
eu're funds to send delegate to T. nnd L.
Congress, reported that unions be asked
to pay ne\t (|uarlerN per rnplta in advance and that a committee be named
to arrange for a smoker to raise the
balance, Report adopted, and on motion
the Wnvs nnd Means Committee, comprising Dels. Chockley. Maiden, McLaren,
Cameron and Knudion. with power to
ndd. was instructed to arrange for
Committee on Civic Employment Bu-
rentiH rondrtefl that the committee ap-
pointed hv the Cltv Council had recommended t'Mit the fMtv CouhHl establish
n Free Jjabor Ryehnnjro, and that qunr-
tori h" arranged or same In the proposed new fjJtore<i TiulMlmt. This pawed
the Cdilnnll and the cltv engineer wa)
Instructed to arrange plans and specif!
cntlnp"  n^cordittgly.
SnnltnMon Committee reported prn-
•n'oss and was given an extension of
Baports of Unions,
Tvnfi"—All working.
Bartenders—All working and adding
new metiibers.
Plumbers—All busy: new members oc-
Cigannakers—Report one shop closed
for n short time,
Street Rnlhvny Employeos—Progressing favorably.
Amalgamated Carpenter")—All work-
in*: one new member at last meeting.
Barber0—All wnHdmr: two shops still
nnfnlr. nnd rrnuhtS reported over the
card In the King's hotel bnrber shop,
which has just Vhnnged hands,
Tenmsters—Five new members at last
W. B. Pnrnent*>r«—-Venrlv nil working.
Painter"—Not getting along well and
th<* delegates made a stnmg plea to
ether union* to ask for Painters' card
e« tho |ob and assl"* in every wav io*j-
«U.lf» fie Pnlptcf". Tli'ev reported Hud-
^n's, Body * ni«Pp. MeKnv & Hindi-
fllffe. nnd McMillan fr Hunter ns work-
in™1 under union shop conditions,
Mpslrlnns—Dnlnir fnlrly well,
On reniipot of Painters. Del. Chockley
""■read to bring nn nt n«xt mettllig of the
Plumbers nnd Rtennifltters tbe matter
of sinnmfitler= pnintlne radiators. Del.
Barclay nHcs th*> Painters' Union to ln-
vn»tiente the painters working on Fraser
hotel ,1ob,
On motion the SccMarv wns Instructed tn write the Cltv Council pro-
tnoHnur mrnlput e grant of money to the
v. M. C, A. equivalent to their water and
light bill.
On motion Ihe Secretary 'was ln-
tmeted, to write the Secretary of the B.
C. Federation ef Labor asking them tn
r*>f|,«*»"t the B. C. Government tn nmend
tbe Municipal Clauses Act so that church
nt-opertv shall not be exempt from taxation: Mi|« In view of the ■ referendum
taken bv Vancouver nnd New Westminster declaring strongly against such exemption.
Moved nnd iceonded that this council
rrotct against the City Council expending any money on the entertainment of
fie Puke? of Cnnnnught nnd Col. Hughes,
Considerable discussion ensued. Motion
Delegate Hogg wos elected as delegate
Practically All Railway Building
in B. 0. Ib Suspended Pending
Concessions to Slaves.
As wired to The Federatlonist last Issue, and 'on scheduled time, some 3000
construction workers on the Grand
Trunk Pacific railway at northern interior pointB have decided to Join the
CN.R. strikers and make the demands
general for such work throughout the
W. A, Thome, one of the strikers' committeemen, writes The Fed. as follows:
"It Is time the people were Informed
as to the conditions on the Grand Trunk
Pacific construction.
"Men are being shipped from Vancouver through the sharks for fee of |1.
Wages promised 4J3 per day, board II to
11.60. The fare is advanced. When
they reach New Hazel ton they have to
walk sometimes 60 to 100 miles.
When they reach a camp they are offered station work, which l.s the same as
all contract work—a means of cutting
down wages. Every camp I have visited
I have found station men Jumping their
contructs as they are In debt after working iiard for several months. Very few
station men make wages, There are
some who hire men by the day and try to
work them to death. They are worse
than the contractors to work for.
"The prices in the camps are 100 per
cont higher than In the cities, Board,
$1 and $1,60; a five-cent bar of soap
costs 25c; two five-cent boxes of matches
cost !'6c; a $3 pair of shoes, |G,50.
"Bunk houses have double deckers,
One small window In each bull pen. Each
pen contains from 50 to 60 men. Very
few of the pens have Doors. 1 find that
most of the stables have tloor—horses
cost money, slaves are cneap,
"Grub is rotten. Very little fresh
meat. Everything in the line of eatublea
is put up In cans, even the butter. Men
are being laid off because they have no
grub to feed thorn with. No Hours In
the dining camps.
"Hospital fees are fl per month. What
are they giving the men for their II
per month on tho G.T.P? One barn at
Scaly, with six bunks in It, which is an
Insult to the nume hospital. There Is a
half-breed horse doctor to take care of
those who are sick. His skill Is such
that a horse would run If It suw him
coming. There are thousands of men
working on this line, which Is 200 miles
long, und only one slaughter house.
"The road house charges 76c per meat
and 76c for a bed. The meals are very
poor and the horsM f«t tetter beds.
"Here Is the way to get out: Telkwa
to Scaly, 56 miles stage, fare Is |12
Skeena Crossing to Prince Rupert, $8,
Prince Rupert to .Vancouver, f8jf,total
fare |28, and this does not Include meals
on the road or boat. The trip takes
about eight duys-r-figure this up yourselves,"
nude the election of » ffspmsatatlTe
of the minority of the eleeton at
large, possible, if only by the aeeldeat
of the wards.
Tht nest stop to take, la order to
nuke a taorattfU? repntentattTe
board of aldermen possible. Is the
single transferable vote or proportloa-
al representation. An agitation having this for its object, should be start-
ed u soon ss possible.
Welcomes Opportunity to Promt
Bastorn uttajUantn Trom
Oettinf J01 the MPhatM
In Tie* Of alt the flapOeodnV that
eeven, oamely tbe president, vice pre.- {mJ"^^.:? ^^c^Z'xiaV!!™*
Ident.  recording .eoretary  tnd  four tag 0f the pSL^oS li »1m£
were elected In addition to the officers fe| reft(Jr/ fof y^j ^^ ^ uafat
' Secretary Victoria T. and I* Council
VICTORIA, July 14.—At the regular
meeting on the 17th Inst, Victoria
trades and Labor Council elected Its
officers for the neit six months, making tbe following eelectlons ont Of
abundant material offered:
President—Herbert J. Sheen, business agent for the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners.
Vice-president—Alex. Watchman, of
the United Brotherhood ef Carpenters.
Recording and Corresponding Secretary—C. Swerts, of the Letter Carriers.,
Flnanolal secretary—J, L. Martin, of
the Laborers Protectlre Union.
Tressurer-Oeo. H. Tlbbltts, of the
Journeymen Tailors.
8ergeant-et-Anns—Robt Leggatt of
the Iron Moulders.
The Eiecutive,  which  consists  of
mentioned: Phil R. Smith, of the
Bookbinders; A. Varney and J. L. Mar
tin, of the Laborers, and Wm. Coffee
of the Building Trades Council.
The meeting was a protracted one',
and at 11 o'clock communications had
not been reached, so the council accordingly adjourned for a week.
Before rising the Council, however,
provided for, a public meeting to be
held on the Mnd, when Jack Wood of, pass every
London, England, and more recently
of Los Angeles, wtll address the unionists of the city.
A special committee was also appointed for the purpose of Interview*
Ing the mlllowners, whose employees,
the factory workers, went on strike, a
Vancouver a national port li
rational one, -the following
culled from the colums of the Saturday Evening Poet; should be of Interest to our readers as showing how
trade experts look upon the matter:
". . , . And yet you can, In fancy,
turn from the gray-haired sage of the
Northwest and stand beside ths desk of
a man whose - desk rests In an ofltao
building, high above, the llfetldas thst
Civic Employment Bateau.
Some time ago the Trades and Labor
Council of New Westminster adopted ft
resolution calling upon the City. Council
to establish an employment bureitu.
Through the efforts of Alderman Dodd.
who is a delegate from the Street Hail-
way Employes union, to the .Trades and
Labor Council, the city council has endorsed the proposal and provision has
been made for the bureau, In the. police
to attend the meeting of Labor Temple
Co. on August 2nd.
On motion the secretary was instructed to request tbe City Council to
take up the question-of the Inadequate
service at the Great Northern depot,
where numbers of persons have been unable to purchase week-end tickets and
have had to pay full fare on the train.
Moved and seconded that a mass-meeting of workers be arranged for as soon
as the Organization Committee Is up*
pointed by the new Executive.   Carried.
On motion the secretory was Instructed to ask the City Council what bad been
done relative to the painting Job on the
library and also re Sunday band concerts.
Bills for capita tax to B, C. Federation of Labor, 16,00; freight on bundle
of Annual Review, 60c, ordered paid,
Receipts,  $7.40.
Meeting adjourned 10:
!0 p.m.
Assisted by International Treasury and Local Unions They Will
Resist the Blacklist.
There lias been no appreciable change
in the situation as between the B. C.
Exhibitors' Association and the Moving
Picture Operators' Local 233, I, A. T,
8. E. The members of the union were
very much pleased at the wording of
the article that appeared in The Fed last
week, though a number of the narrow-
minded members of. the Exhibitors? Association have made the remark that the
Operators are not fighting tliem fair, oi
in an upright manner, and some of the-
Incompetents who are taking the places
of our loeked-out members, and at the
Vame time aro endangering the lives of
thousands of men. women and more
especially the children, are not satisfied
with the wording of the aforementioned
article. These imported aliens, and incompetents, along with thy wretched
creatures who have broken their solemn oath to their co-workers, (In order
to help starve their former brothes into
betaylng their obligations, and thereby
assist the B, C. Exhibitors' Assn. In their
most despicable and Impossible tusk of
breaking up .the Operators' Union, the
members of whom had served them
faithfully for several years), do not deserve any consideration at the hands of i
the public pre»°, but should be classed
as henmles to laboring men, and should
be treated with contempt they deserve,
That the remaining members of The
Moving Picture Operators' Union are
true-blue and iuteml tit <tntt the business before they buckle down to those
employers, who are trying to deprive I
them of tho necessities of life, for n"
other reason than that they refused to I
become traitors to their •obligation, goe*
i without saying, and tbey.will carry the1
! difficulty to the finish, and (lie only (Irish that any Local of the I. A, T. S, E.
has ever known has boon n winning
finish, and our organization dates since
It is now a well-known fact that there
is some deep underlying reason on the
part of the H. O. Exhibitors' Assn, for
such a rotten method of blacklisting, »J
thov are now practicing, and there ]■■
r > doubt, that in a short time the degraded scheme will ho made plain to the
public and then all the people will know
the class of men that are bidding for
a share of their patronage,
A moving picture theatre "ii lln«tlng
St. ha" had painted, and is exhibiting a
sign, which rends, "Patronize organised
Labor) we employ members of the B, C,
Operator'*" Association," or words to
that effect. Now this sign l« exhibited
with the Intent t<> deceive, and give the
Impression that union ooerators are employed. When n man sink* to such deception there surely musr tie .something
hurting him. Any such signs should be
shunned, like a pestilence, .hy all loyal
union men. their families and wytnpn-
tbisters. That any business that endeavors to profit by sucii methods, is unworthy of partonage if a setf-evldeut
fact, and such a niece of business should
be treated with the contempt It deserves.
While we would not .it anV time attempt to bovcqtt ft theatre, still for the
general welfare of the pUUHc we wish te.
advi«e you that you should not let your
families enter into a place that mnv become a fire-tran through the employment
of incompetent men, who do not know
the proper precautions to take, to avoid
against accident, and that there are
manv such now employed will he apparent by glancing nt the list showing the
class of men who have taken the places
of nur locked-out members.
There are seven expelled members of
our Local, four of whom were expelled
for signing'the ultimatum handed them
by malingers, one for drunkenness, and
the other two for refusing to be disciplined after violating their obligation.
There are four persons who had an
annl cation into the Local, but were unable to pass examination. Then there
are some that had their application In,
hut failed to corfic in on neconnt of the
trouble starting. The others have been
nicked up nt different places. We will
take pleasure In publishing the names,
addresses and history of these mlshe-
gulded persons In a future Issue as wo
believe they need and covet notoriety.
i"They do not easily rise whose abilities are repressed by poverty at home."
couple of weeks ago, but who returned
to work without any settlement
The Council li desirous of securing
to these men whatever concession the
committee may be able to get The
committee have a delicate task be*
fore It, provided, however, there le
any disposition on the, part of the
owners to agree to any settlement
One of the beneficial effects of this
strike, perhaps the only one, and an
important one at that, le the absolute
futility of one craft attempting to accomplish anything by a strike, with*
out a definite understanding with the
kindred and Interdependent trades.
. Officials and representatives of the
different wings of the labor movement
who preach the need of larger cooperation among worth; men, have an
object lesson in this local Incident in
the necessity of restraining their enthusiasm and not advise a strike of an
isolated union until the plans are fully
prepared and a fair and reasonable
prospect of success has been provided
for as far as conditions allow of.
The mayor and ten aldermen of
which the municipal council of Victoria, will be selected fay tbe election
at large next new year, the ward
system having been abolished.
The credit ot having taken this Initial step, as well as following It up,
belongs to the central labor body.
Formerly the city was divided Into
five wards, each elector having the
privilege of voting for one or two
Under the new arrangement it
seems that each voter has ten votes
and can vote accordingly for one to
ten aldermen.
This shows that the abolition of the
ward division Is only one step ln the
direction of the idea of securing a
council which would reflect the views
of the electorate, as the present method of ten votes to an elector the bare
majority could elect the entire council more surely than before under the
ward   division   arrangement   wblch
At the time Wm. Davidson
was in Voncouver a couple of
weeks ago It was thought that
the necessity of the appointment
of a federal board of Investigation, to Inquire into the differences between the Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co. and the
Britannia Miners' Union, would
be obviated; but developments
during the past week make this
course impossible.
Tlte board has been applied
for by the miners and George
Heatherton has been named to
represent them. The company
has not yet selected tta nominee; the chairman has therefore
yet to be named.
   day through Powell1 strati,
Ban Francisco. This last man knows
the Pacific Coast ax he knows th* Sugars
of his hands.   He resents -Tarn' Hill's
—. that It will navtr become
treat manufacturing section.
"'Last week I went down to our olive
grove and a carload of cans was lust ln
from Pennsylvania. Do you think that
California la alwayn going to bring her
cans from three thousand miles awayf
Whan the canal ta done '   .    .
"There you have It—the canal—the
Panama ditch—that la tha hi
splratlon of tha Waat Oaaat
Callfornlan continues:.
CHEAP LABOR—a Ubor market. If you
please. It Is solnjr to mean that .hip.
will ateam Into this ha "       	
harbor from Uvar»
pool and Hamburg and Naples, brlnsjnj
  *o work and who haveTia8
SMeen dollars for   their
.   No longer la the Eaat,
Coasr,going to pick at and cull out
* "This last msn" Is Tsrjr essdld with
bis views of what the opening ot the
Psnsms Canal means to ihe manufacturers of this part of the Pacific Coast
but we do not hear a squawk from the
"Imperialists" and "patriots" ln Vancouver ss to the cheap labor. They
know thst the cheap labor Is here
And whst are the "cheap laborers"
going to do about ltt
Are they still going to continue to
remain unorganised?
There is not a section of the workers thst cannot be organised, It the*
sre willing to get together.
Tbe central labor councils ot this
snd sT«r other city on the Paoiac
Coast a» always willing to help tha
unorganised, provided they are willing
to help themsslves.
Without such help we can do nothing. With such help the workers
csn be the law-makers whenever they
make1 up their minds as to what they
are going to do. —J. Hell.
That the C. N. R. construction contractors have gathered the biggest
bunch ot roughnecks and blacklegs
ever placed In a railway camp Is pretty well emphasised, by recent events
In thst locsllty. The.other day a
foreman, Barney Mulligan, murdered
s slave with a knife who dared to
cross his track. Another dead slave
or two Is neither here nor there, sat ,
it will be Interesting to note the disposition msde of the murderer by the
contractors' governments) representatives of "law and order.""
Chicago unionists and socialists
have been experimenting with open-
air mass meetings and picnics as a
means ot reaching unorganised wage
workers, with good results. . Live
speakers sre engaged and the membership of both political and union
organisations have been considerably
strengthened as a consequence.
Something of the kind may be tried
In Vancouver on Labor Day, the question now being under consideration
by the central labor body eiecutive
Berger at San Francisco.
Victor Herger Is to be the Lsbor
Day speaker at San Francisco.
Buck Brand
"Not a Raw
Seam in the
made by
Union Maids
Ask Your Dealer for Them
Price Right; Quality Right
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons
1176 HOMER ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C I. w
8AT0HDAf....,„........„..iTJLf If, HU
Traders Bank of
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113 Branches in Canada
Paid-up Capital
and Surplus $ 6,550,000.00
Total Assets -   50,000,000.00
Special Attention Given
Savngs Accounts
Deposits of $1.00 and
upwards      received
and interest allowed
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OiwWlai Will Open An
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Hastings Street, Corner of Homer
Opart Saturday Evan*
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of Canada
Paid-up CspiuL   $   7,500,000
Reserve 8.500,000
Total Assets 114.000.000
One Dollar will open
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be il large or small
Twelve Branches in Vancouver
Imperial Bank
Capital Aadmiud • $10,000,000.00
Capital Psial-ap •
Rassne Fas.)    .    •   6.000400.00
Interest allowed on deposits
of ONE DOLLAR »nd upwards PROM DA.T8 OF
MamOfioe-WO Hastings
Street! West
Hastings and Abbott St
fcanob — 84 Hastings
Street West
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Main Street Branoh—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
A definite practical plan
for accumulating money
is to deposit a Stated
Sum, eaoh week or
. . month, in the
It is not so muoh the
as it is the regularity.
Start an Account With
Us Today'
Secretaries ot all unions in British
Columbia are requested to assist The
Federatlonist by acquainting it with
Items ot Interest to wage-workers.
Something New
If you sre ruptured you should
have the best. This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Applisnce.
Write or Call for Information
Private Pitting Rooms
Tho Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   An    694 Richards
6760        bU.        Street
Published weekly by The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. .Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 organised wage-
lamied every Saturday morning.
Managing Editor. B. Vanuater PatttpUoe
Boom fllO, Labor Tempi*
Tel. fey. 3890.
Subscription:    $1.00 per year;   ln Vancouver City,  $1.25;   to unions subscribing ln a body. 75 cents.
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"Pttlty of Labor, ttt hope of taw wort*."
PAPER.   If this number Is on Ik
your subscription expires next Issue.
George A. Tracy, of San Francisco,
who left here this week tor the east,
Is vice-president of the International
Typographical Union. He is about
the only International union official
that bas ever attempted to. gain a
first-hand knowledge |bf the labor
movement in this and the western
provinces. He bad no Idea that this
country is one of such magnificent
distances and that It requires larger
expenditures of moneys by the executive councils ot the different lsbor
bodies,,whose ramifications extend to
all points on the North American
continent, if organized labor must
keep pace with the growth of the
prairie provinces snd Biltlsh Columbia. With the advent and development of so many new cities, towns
and districts, there must needs be
hundreds of new unions formed, and
to do. this a representative official or
officials must be on the ground tor
that purpose. It Is simply an affair
of business that prompts workingmen
to join unions. If they do not, It Is
only but a matter of time that their
wages will be reduced to a pittance.
The big corporations and other financial concerns have such a strong
hold In this vast new country that
they are already all powerful to
crush the life out of labor If they so
choose. The only Internstlonsl executive officials that are at all alive to
this tact are the railroad brother
hoods, who follow the rails as fast as
they are laid down. The myriads of
new and embryo communities that
are In the beginning require the care
and attention ot organised labor. And
this can only be accomplished by the
careful selection of strong and able
men, whom must be paid good salaries, and sending them out on continued tours as permanent organisers.
The Federatlonist hopes that at
the next convention of the International Typographical Union, which
takes place next month at Cleveland,
that this question wtll be raised and
thst steps will be taken to create a
new office to cope with this great
new country tn keeping abreast of
this.new era. There Is no doubt that
the few delegates from British Columbia and the first vice-president
ot the printers will make this topic
a strong feature tn their representations to that august body which will
sit at the Forest City on the shores
of Lake Brie. Let the I. T. U. be the
pioneer union to take up this ques-
lion snd give it favorable consideration.
Government so long as It la clsss
government, has no other reason for
Us existence except to despoil the
weslth producing people of a land.
It is no excuse to say that the spot
latum was practiced by a feudal class;
It will not stead those who say that
under a democracy as opposed to an
absolute monarchy there is no such
exploitation. Under a democracy, a
bourgeois or capitalist democracy, the
capitalist class, are In political power
and they see to It that the reign ot
capital Is protected against the demands ot tbe workers of the lend.
Under such a democracy the workers
are despoiled; government again becomes a club to keep down,and'strip
the people ot the wealth.they create.
That is the point we would score; that
is the lesson we would point out. .This
privilege of a class to extort other
people's goods hss been the leading
fact tn all history; It Is that privilege
which must be forever ended. It can
only be ended with recognising the
sociological, facts that twentieth century civilisation furnishes; namely,
that Industrial development has
reached such a stage tbat the people,
tbat Is, the working class, must tske
over the nation's Industries snd carry
them on for the good of the workers.
Industry Is socially carried on, but
not. socially controlled. It must be
now the social property of the work-
ers. Thereby spoliation will be stopped, and the nation's tollers will be
given their rights and economic In.
dependence.—The People.
The Bank of
Capital & Reserve il 1,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it,
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hsstings and Carrall Streets
VANOOUVKR,   -   ■ B.O.
i It is so much easier for the average
critic; la the labor movement to place
tbe blame for shortcomings upon'
some one or more individuals. It In.
volves no effort and it duly impresses
the hesrer with the superiority of the
grouser. The officers of the organ,
lsed labor movement are usually a reflex of the membership. When tbe
membership really desire a change of
officers the way is plain. Attendance
at meetings and an Intelligent vote
will do the trick. "The clique that
runs the union" will welcome tbe ad.
vent of the critic, provided he does
his kicking where it will prove ef-
feotive. Back-biting and saying things
ot men not present will never solve
the shortcomings of wage workers'
organizations. The labor movement
Is s movement for men, not fishwives.
Get that?
The permanent federal board of
Investigation and conciliation suggested by Minister of Lsbor Crothers,
while at Vancouver recently, would
have Its bands full were it the only
trlbunsl at present. There are no
less than eight boards sitting or called
for at this date, with others in sight.
At Halifax, the Streetrallway Employ,
ees have named John T. Joy to represent them; at Toronto the C. P. B.
Telegraphers have chosen J, G.
O'Donoghue to present their case to
the board, and there are three or
four other cases pending In tbe east
In the west tbe Britannia Miners'
Union hsve applied for a board; as
also have the C. N. a strikers. There
sre two or three other disputes "com.
Ing up." And this Is the off sesson
for rebellion among the workers,
Our old friend, the Devil, will how
be able fully to sympathise with'
Manuel, Abdul Hamld, Dias et al., recently dismissed trom their Jobs by
due process of revolution. A news
Item ststes that "By unanimous action today the International Bible
Students' Association adopted a resolution unreservedly repudiating ss
thoroughly unscriptural the teaching
of a state, place or condition of 'hell-
fire brimstone' 'for the torment of the
wicked." Poor old Belsebubl To
have his place of business closed thus
summarily will no doubt agitate htm
considerably. A Monarchist movement is said to be already on toot and
is reputed to fln'd sympathy among a
great many ministers.
Judge. Hanford, Seattle, who some
weeks ago cancelled. the naturalisation papers of a worker guilty ot no
other crime than being a socialist bas
anticipated the outcome of the federal
Investigation committee. Instigated
at the request of Victor Berger, and
resigned. "Ill health" Is given as the
reason. Whether his resignation will
prevent lube board .of .Investigation
from getting too near to the scent of
many other reasons why the Judge
should be deposed or not remains a
matter ot conjecture. At any rate, It
proves tbe value of workers having
representatives ln the law-making
With the growth and cultivation of
the "Imperial" spirit in Canada and
other dominions of the British Empire
it Is possible that a parent parliament,
In which all the colonies will be represented will be tbe outcome. The
consummation of such a programme
will do no harm, though It may prove'
rather tough for the lords and dukes
to be compelled tq associate with ordinary persons. Inasmuch as Jim
Hawthorntbawlte and Joe Martin are
on the ground It might be Just as well
to let them take a fling at the new
legislative factory as Canada's representatives.
The Labor party In the Old Coun
try are getting onto themselves snd
have decided to adopt some ot the
tactics of the Irish members to secure
results. The Liberal party has done
sll it can, within the limitation of Its
premises, for the workers—practically
nothing of real value—and the representatives of labor have decided to
take a hand In the proceedings. The
result hu been a most disquieting
wail from the dally press, the best
evidence possible that tha members of
the Labor party are getting on the
right track at last
It's getting pretty well 'round to the
time of yesr when the farmer crys
for "harvest hands" to assist him gar
ner profits for the railway and elevator trusts. The same victims who
were let out on the eve of winter lut
year by the ^foresaid farmer' will
crawl from his point of hibernation
and repeat the operation again this
year. Hypnotism or something of the
sort will soon have to be devised
among the unemployed to meet the
requirements of the modern slave
When a labor union expels an err
Ing member from membership em.
plovers' apologists call It "depriving
a man of his livelihood." When the
lawyers' union takes a member's card
away trom him It Is purely In the In-
terests of the profession. The lawyers have been more In politics snd
their sctlon is therefore legal—and
right. When unionists get as wise ss
lawyers politically they can expect the
same privileges because they will then
be In a position to take them.
A recent murder case revesls the
fact that the police, alleged preservers
of "law and order," are the ohlef offenders In the case, acting In collusion with other parties. These belong to the same gang of uniformed
scallawags wbo were beating down
women strikers In New York only a
few weeks sgo, Immune from dsnger
of apprehension and backed by all
the powers of government.
The real estate sharks of Vancouver threaten to organise, So that "the
public may be protected" and no bets
overlooked in the science ot placing
subdivisions on the market. To make
certain of success an ex-parson or two
will be placed In executive positions.
Like the lawyers' and doctors' unions
they sre organising solely In the Interests of the "dear pepul."
The only happy outlook for the
workers so fsr as the completion of
the Panama Canal Is concerned In
this neck o' the woods Is the Importation of thoussnds more Job-seekers
sufficiently starved to ensure them
going to work at any terms for the
big corporations now In possession of
British Columbia.
'Some of our clerical brethren say
that the object of the earth Is to prepare men for heaven. As a means of
preparing men tor heaven, the earth
Is not now a howling success. In
fact, It Is at present muoh better
adapted M prepare men for hell. The
thing of prime Importance Is to creste
a decent environment on earth,"—
J. M. W.
Did-It over-occur to you tbat-the
man who.thinks he Is besak skinned
when' h« pays his dues to a lsbor organisation thinks be Is "slipping one
over" on the bookie when he puts his
money on a "sure.thing" at the races?
—A. W. Swenson, Spokane Labor
Speaking of "organizers": After
listening to Samuel L. Landers for an
hour, in the office of The Labor
News, Hamilton, a meeting of bank
clerks decided tbat a union, "one not
to let the bank managers know they
were organised," was preferable to
anything Samuel had to offer.
It now transpires that the detective
force of Toronto are mixed up In the
FaFrmers' Bank swindle In Ontario.
As preservers of "law and order" and
representatives of "British Justice"
the common herd are apt to lose confidence ln the whole outfit If disclosures keep up st the present rate.
j If wage workera used their ballots
ss Intelligently as they sometimes do
the strike there would be less fsult
to find with policemen who beat them
up at the Instance of the bosses, when
rebelling against the conditions they
themselves make possible on election
i As the time neare tor the re-election
of Samuel Gompers ss president of the
American Federation of Labor tbat
hardy old annual, "a Jail sentence,
Is once more doing yeoman service ln
tbe dally press.
■i A news Item says that the $3,000
bill Is becoming quite rare In circulation. There may be something In the
rumor, for The Federatlonist has not
noticed any of them of late.
Mr. Hemming, of tbe Anglo-Canadian Bond House of K. N . McFee
and Company, London, says that "the
speculative spirit of the west hss been
allowed to run riot ln town lot-selling.
"Some men have become such
slaves that they don't dare to say their
souls are their own, much less ex.
press an opinion antagonistic to the
Interests of their masters."
Vancouver Trades and Labor Coun-
ell has asked the federal government
to provide adequates life-saving fa
duties at the First Narrows.
Adopted as read: Sam Landers
says: "One way to Insult the man
who offers you a Job lot of advice
is not to take it"
"It Is a crime to advocate peace
when war suits business, but the
workers, should be peaceful and submissive by all means.
Speaking of property qualifications
for mayor, does It Imply brains? If
so It should be raised to about a million.
Treachery of the Dally Press.
Take a labor strike. You know wbat
a labor strike means. Workingmen
want more pay; tbey want fewer
hours; less exploitation; more of the
necessaries of life; everything that,
will give them better conditions. In
a labor strike, the workers are in.
volved in a struggle, their own struggle, with no one to help them, but
fighting their battles alone.
Ought not such a strike, such a
crisis, prove a test as to who the
friends of labor are? Of course it
ought. Then is the time one learns
that a friend In need Is a friend In.
Now, what do you see ln the time ot
a strike? Do you see tbe dally papers
or the fellows who at other times try
to. get your attention as champions ot
the people helping you out when Indus,
trial war is on? We guess you don't
Instead of standing by you ln such a
crisis, they either remain silent, or
they hit you over the head with denunciations and condemnations; more generally the latter. The "great" 'old-
party press publish lies about your
strike. They retail false reports of
dlsorderliness ot the strikers; of al.
leged riots and destruction of property. All this Is done with a view to
depriving you of support and defeating your strike.
The worthies who seek to corral
your support tn campaign times sand
bag you ln strike times. When the
police Interfere with your lawful rights
to conduot a strike; when the authorities arrest you on pretexts of breaking
the strike; when your pickets snd
strike leaders are outrageously Jailed,
the would-be champions of the "poor
people" don't have a word to say In
protest. They acquiesce In all the unconstitutional acts ot the police and
petty Judges. They show themselves
ln their true colors, tbat of toes of
Now, there Is no amount of noise,
of campaign noise, thst those papers
and those political candidates can
make that can offset their devilish
work, their treacherous work, when
they He low during times of strike.
Their treacherous work sticks out
and by it tbey can be Judged. Hence,
to cite but this one fact should be
enough to enlighten the working class
on how little of interest there Is for
tbem In the so-called burnng Issues of
the old political parties.
Don't allow yourself to be film-Hammed by the noise msde by the old poll-
tlcsl parties.—The People.
Eagls-Eysd Justles.
Tbe Ettor-Glovannlttl trial, arising
out of the recent Lawrence, Mass.,
strike, has been postponed till September, The defendants have been
locked up since January and their
friends are much disturbed over the
delay ln bringing the trial on, tor
they expect an sojuittal. For a
"free" country the Justice dished up
In the United States Is not unlike the
same article under other flags of
Everything for the Home in our
Kitchen Ranges
Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
Builders' Supplies
2U7 MAIN STRUT.    1
PHONE Pt\\m 447.      I
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets in annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1912-18: President, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Geo. A. Burt, B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
It. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberts, C. Slverti,
J. J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1195, Vancouver.
Meets first and third Thursdays.
Executive board: J. W. Wilkinson, John
McMillan, R. Partn Pettlplece, Jaa.
Campbell, R. L. Gardner, Fred A. Hoover, f. Kavanagh, J. H. McVety, S. Ker-
every Monday. President, P, Sabin;
vice-president, Jas, Bltcon; business
agent and secretary, John. McMillan,
Room 208. Hours 8 to 9, 12 to 1, 4:80 to
6.   Sey. 9406.
—-Meets second Monday In month.
President B. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England.
P. O. Box U,
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J, H.
McVety. James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W, Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, J. H. Mc-
Vety, Boom ill.   Sey. 8880.
penters and Joiners—Room 80S.
Sey. 8808. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to B p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm, . Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
—..— ._ «— i0{
nesday In Room 894.
tloners' Local No. 48—
Meeta second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m. President, J. "* "• ■
Klnnalrd; cor-
ig secretary, W.
Room  220,  Labor
financial secretary,  P.* Robin-
first and third Wednesdays, 8:80 p.m.
President C. E. Herrltt; recording sec*
detary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business agent, C. F. Burkhart, 489 Abbott
Street,   gey, 2170.
Meets first, and third Sundays of
each month. 8:80 p.m., Room 802. President, Chas. Lehr; secretary, Richard Dal*
ton: treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw. Sey.
and Joiners, Local No. 617—Meets
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording sec*
retary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L,
H. Burnham, Room 804.   Sey. 1880.
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
Wm. Robertson: recording secretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colllngwood East; financial
decretory, J. A. Dickenson, South Van*
couver P. O.; treasurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage. ■
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
807. President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
53* financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
215.   Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 363 Cordova East)
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street.
Meets first Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J. Craig; secretary, J. C. Peuser, Kurts Cigar Factory
treasurer, S. W, Johnson.
British Columbia Division, C. P. Sys*
tern, Division No, 1—Meets 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 804, Local
chairman,. J. F. Campbell, Box 432. Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 482, or 1003 Burrard street
213—Meets every Monday, 8 p.m.
President, H, B. Durant; recording secretary, B. 8, Morris; financial secretary,
H. Lauder; treasurer, 8am Cawker; business agent, E. L. McMillan, Room 207,
821 (Inside MenWMeet every Friday Room 205 8 p.m. President 8. ft
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent F. L. Est-
ingliausen, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.
Meets second and fourth-Tuesdays
of each month. President. Bro. Fox; secretary, Chas, Roberts; treasurer, Bro.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening, Room 807, 8
o'clock. President. B. Hughes; secretary,
T. Nixon, 740 Powell Street	
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt, Thompson; recording
secretary, J, Brookes;'financial secretary,
J. H, McVety.   Sey. 8880.
Decorators',. Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
Ekene Thompson, Sub. P.O. No, 8; business agent, W. J. Nagle.
every Tuesday,  8  p.m.,  Room  221.
President,  T.   Burkes;   secretary,   Mike
Knelling, 882 Richards street.
No. 280—Meets every Thursday, 7:30
p.m.. Room 802. President, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street;  financial  secretary,  Ed.
Drake  ...
Branoh—Meets second and'fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; correspond^- secretary, James Ray-
burn; flananclal secretary, Wm. Jardlne,
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Scbofleld: recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 18. City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary. Fred A, Hoover,
2409 Clark drive,
178—Meetings held first Friday ln
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Nord-
land; secretary, W, W. Hocken, P.O. Boa
R03; financial secretary. L. Wakley, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meets first and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, G. W. Palmer; secretarv-treas-
arer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 16.
Winnipeg's Typo. Job Scale,
Winnipeg Typo.   Union has   completed an agreement with the Job offices covering a period of five years,
carrying Increases from $19 to $22,
» Loohatthe Label
$3 It ia not a Jaeger Shirt unless it bears the name, Because of its lasting quality and
distinot style of fabrio and
colorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
T. B. Cuthbertson
Ms Hsstings W.   630 Orsnvllls
•11 Hsstings W.
Visit the Labor Temple
Billiard and Pool
Two Fint-Clais Burroughs*
& Watts   Billiard tablet
Phons Seymour 9680 •
Transfer and Bagafaajst
COSSUBOT TBOVSUa—Made of a narrow Mb American cord and
In several shadaa of fawn; made in outing style, with belt loott^
and cuffed bottoms or regular cut  .Price - .6*00 aaa SS.7B
BIDTOBD COBS IBOWBB*—These are Intended for men that need
a Strong, cool trouser; made of drab colored cord and wltn nve
pockets.   Price   isaum
WBOCOBD TBOUS1BM—These are made or a very strong whipcord
and a greenish gray shade; made with belt loops, aide atrtpe, cuffed
bottoms and Ave pockets;   Price  .ga.so
. j VA8TM—Blue or black denim; four pockets; buttons can ■_
not pull off.   Price * .SUM
BIB OTBBaXLS—In blue or black, or blue with white stripe; full
bib, good and stout suspenders,   price 91,00
JACncaVf to macth above.' Prloa  : S1.00
OaBIBsrvaBt' AVBOBS—Short Aprona, SBc| Lon~ Aprona, with
three pooketa and hammer hold, 78c Long Aprons, with seven
pockets and hammer hold .—.., ; .91.00
OABMsntBSa' OVSBUKS—Made of heavy brown duck, with double
fronts;,eleven pockets, two hammer holds.   Price. 91.76
David Spencer, Ltd.
VAVOOTJvaa, b, o.
Campbell's Clothing
-—is honest clothing
IT stands for real value in quality of cloth, trimmings and workmanship—and is guaranteed to
keep Kb shape,
& JuBt take a look at your own. Doeg it fit on the
shoulders and around the collar t Has it held its
proper, shape in front! That is where Campbell's
Clothing stands in a class by itself. Lot ut show yon.
•T*1n«am1,Ye»*»,0  — __^______\
V/naul Dei S 23 Hastings Street East
Our Boy's
When buying a suit for the boy
remember we are agents for
"Lion Brand"
They are Suits that will hold
red-blooded athletic boys, at
a price that will hold the attention of thrifty-minded
ClUbb jjg Stewart
Building Hardware, General
Hardware, Tools for the Carpenter, Cement Worker, Machinist, Plasterer, Bricklayer
Lawn   Mowers,   Rakes
Spsdes and Hose and all
requisites to make your
home neat and tidy
7 Hsstings Street West
Phone Seymour 681
Simonds Saw
We would Remind You the
Simonds Saw is the Best Saw
that on be Made
Sola Astats lor Vaaeoswr
111 Hastings U W.
Phons Seymour 804
The Home of High-Clsss
Where Everybody Goes
When You Do Drink Beer
See that it is drawn (rom a keg bearing
this label
Nineteen Children
ones remarked that ha saw no
merit In the saying, "Keeping,
everlastingly Bt It brings success." Perhaps not. Some Ideas
'run to large families—others run.
to dollars and cents. Hero's something for the latter kind to think
£ .Thert>,are «<> I^Ptaw lq.Yan;
louver.    Printers get 125 ,to I3S
Ber week. Saturday come* and
tiese men have over 110,000 to
spend. They spend It with the
merchant that patronise them.
Don't you want a share of this?
Demand the printers* label on all
your work and you will be on the
road to getting your share of
their business.
See that this Lsbelu Sewed
in the Pockets
tj li Stands for all that Union
Labor Stands for.
?ted Petty
' order a suit come in
and look over out
stock. Use the label
Imperial Wine
Importers, Wholesale and
Retail Dealers in
Beers. Wines
Goods Dslivsred Free to all
parts of the city
Phone Sot. 955
Week End Trips
•     ^.VwfctW
£ the resorts in the reckies, but he should, ss for as his t me
md monir SmlteY get »wsy from the city from Ume to time
fw a Sa^oTs?; Sting his fsmily for s'I pleasant outing
It is to meet the worldngmsn's esse thst the B. C. E. R. Co. hu
arranged for week-end trips, at reduced rates.over the Fraser
Valley division of iu lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday snd Sunday, good to return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
Trains leave Carrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.; 1:15 and 5       ,
p.m. Trains returning from ChilhVack are so timeH that the
round trip r«y be insde ma <Uy with s stopover of several hours   •
b. c. Electric railway co.
TJUNSPOitTATlON DEPARTMENT a^iMt.,u...„,,iz;ivi^ «i- iiii
Lif hter U n d ej^eaf
Including a complete range of summer vests, with or without
sleeves, ln Swiss ribbed or porous knit Cotton or lisle thread; some
plain and others are with lace yokes; many styles; at Wo, lie
and 60a
Women's union suits in every wanted style, lh fine Swiss cotton
lisle thread, silk or union at prices ranging from 60s to 18.60 a
Including cotton, lisle or union vests, drawers and combinations, ln
all slses and styles, at from 26o to 12.25,       -
Cfotimt IrgHiialr, Cimttri.
575 Gramllle Street
VancouHT, B. C.
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific snd
Open  from  9 a. m.  to 8 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
i   • Bank tf Ottawa Building
. >• Cor. Seymour and Hastings
Cor. Carrall and Cordova
Light and Heavy Horses
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
ask Tew Batter for   ,
that delightfully refreshing after
shave cream.
B. o. sunaias strmr oo.
oa. Hfmt
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"the Btsyete with the BepatatUn"
Full line of accessories
; Repairs promptly executed
'    SIS lUTDNW ttt. B.
faeae ■eyaaoat T60S
E. T. Kingsley
"The shop where progressive thought is
merged with the .
Ten annual sub.   cards for 17.50:
pay when sold.  Order ten today.  .
Maria Monk  $.60
The White Slave Traffic... .86
What all Married People
Should Know  2.00
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova w:
The Progressive
Shoe Repair Co.
Open till 8:15 Evenings
Cowan & Brookhouse
L.eoa t.m.ls
Phons Ssv..44S0
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Fanning, Dairying
, Stock snd Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS; Residence oh the land for at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual inttelments of $40, with interest st 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretaiy, Bii.au of Provincial Information, Victoria
Electric Light
C» now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City .
Use Stave Lake Power   ;
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Garter-Cotton Bldg.
VonoouveiyRC.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
Saskatchewan, Alberta and British
Columbia Put to Shame Scab
Sweat-ihopi of East.
It might be news to Borne of The Federatlonist readers to know that the Clgarmakers* Union has an all-union shop'
ln. Yan£>0UV*D antl throughout the whole
?LBo S aTune awne *PP"w to Alberta
and Saskatchewan,
Only one non-union shop had'the temerity to open In Kelowna some time ago
and its stay was very short
We haveT four locals in the province:
■ tyv&t N6W Wrtta-lnster. Vancouver
fffj J*«■". .M*.*U. «* affiliated with
the B. C. Federation of Labor.
All shops put the Blue Label on their
cigar boxes, so no one need be in a
quandary over which Is union and which
it not.
This apparently Is, not the case with
the Bakert' Union; in this city. Ask a
driver if his ■ bread is union-made and
he will say. "Yes. but yT don't put the
Label on the bread, for- some people
object to It." Several of our members
have asked me what Arm of bread-makers use the .Label and no definite answer
if the result The Crown bakery used
the Label up to recently, but it Is absent
now. if the Bakers' tfiilon will publish
a list of union shops It will be to their
benefit. Take no offense at this, fellow
bakers, It Is not meant that way.
The following shops in Vancouver employ none but union clgarmakers, and,
their goods are made up to the standard
and worthy of patronage:
Kurt* Cigar Factory makes' the Kurti
Pioneer, Kurtz's Own and Spanish Blossom,
Mainland Cigar Factory makes the
Mainland and British Lion cigar.
Terminus Cigar Factory makes the
Terminus cigar.
P, ft R. Cigar Factory makes the Capilano and P. ft R. cigar.
. Sunset Cigar Factory makest the Sunset cigar,
Old Crow Cigar Factory makes the
J. C. and Old Crow cigar.
Diamond Crown Cigar. Factory makes
the Vancouver Club, Diamond Crown and
Face-Value (6c) cigar.
Bull Dog Cigar Factory makes the Bull
Dog (two Bliea) cigar.'
Burrard Cigar Factory makes the Vancouver Belle and Very Best cigar.
Coast City Cigar Factory makes the
Coast City cigar,
What does "Empire" mean to the toll-
ilety    Nothing but an
empty shibboleth. - After long centuries
•Ing mass of socle
of toll and moil, building up by Its
labor the colossal structure of capitalist
civilisation, the working-class of Great
Britain at the heart of the va*t Empire
are more enslaved than ever; Thousand!
of weak women and children of tender
years slave In fetid atmosphere in vile
slum surroundings from early morn until
late in the night for a few pence a day
and live God alone knows how, while
a Cradley Heath woman 'tolled at the
forge making huge chains for which they
receive In many cases less than 10s per
week. Further, It Ib estimated that In
this portion of the wealthiest Empire
extant fully thirteen million persons are
always on the hunger line, while the
rest of the millions of the working
class gets as a reward for incessant toll
Just a bare subsistence. On the other
hand, a few thousands riot in luxury
and pleasure on the wealth stolen from
the useful working class whose members are ever chained to the tolls and
steeped in poverty. Empire Day, therefore, with all its tinselled gaudlness and
flag-flapping, means nothing to the workers, if It does mean anything at all, it Is
only symbolic of their subjection to their
economic masters—the capitalist class.
As members of an exploited class the
working men and women of Australia,
or of any part of the Empire, have, no
cause to Join In the capitalist shout of
exultation and rejoicing about golden
bonds and silken cords, or wax enthusiastic about the flag of "freedom" which
under the name of the Union Jack Is supposed to wave over the freest people on
this planet. No wage-slave Is free.- His
means of livelihood is In the hands of
others. How then, can such a one claim
to be free? In Australia the workers
have not evfen the freedom tp withdraw
their labor-jpower from sale to force an
enhanced price from the owning capitalist employers or compel better conditions of slavery! And every boy is compelled'under the Conscription Laws of
the Federal "Labor" Party to be a soldier—a machine of murder. Compelled
under penalty of physical punishment!
And British subjects boast about the
"glorious fla,g of British freedom floating over tens .of millions of free-born
cltixens."—Sydney People.
MInert' Day at Rowland.
The Rossland Miners' Union celebration last week was a pronounced
success.   J. W, Bennett was one of
the speakers.
Portland Shingle Weavers, are on
Weat Leader
It helps you to be well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and stiff hats of
every conceivable style
and oolor are here at a
saving to yourself of a
dollar to a dollar and a
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Casting! snd Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Contemporaneous Conditions; Under Which Motormen and.
Conductors Labor.
' by b. a. PAVIS
(Cor. Bee.  Street Railway Employees.)
To the unobservlng public, tbe work
ot an everyday street car slave is,
In the words of the real estate..man*
"a snap," but to Illustrate what a
snap it Is, to have to grind away: nine
and* quarter hours and more a day,
and do this for seven days a week so
as to earn an existence, let me open
your eyes a little and then, in place
ot envy, you will have a little, sympathy for thow who travel: and work
on wheels for your pleasure.
Now, as you all know, our labor,
Including our nerve system and
brains, which the public don't think
we possess, are hired, for the .first
three months at the munificent rata
ot- twenty-two osnts per hour. Now,
here's.a littles punle for you: How
long will a man have to work a day
In Vancouver to buy three square
meals for. himself, and perhaps his
wits and kiddies, to pay his rent, etc.,
at twenty-two cents per hour? Fleass
address answers to the Bull ' Pen,
Prior street. Now this big wsge continues for the: first three months, al'
though the man Is held tone Just
ss responsible In the course of his
duties as the man who has been on
six years, Then ire continue along
for another three months with the
addition of another three cents par
hour and after worrying along for one
year, climbing' up the sliding scale,
we have reached the sum of twenty-
nine cents per,hour.       ■
This lasts tor * whole year, so sfter
two yesrs you , start on thirty-one
cents an hour,.and if you don't get
cold feet, which we are prevented
from doing, as < the company has given
us heaters in. the winter, the- third
year you may • reach the thlrty-five-
oent-an-hour stage.',
After four years, climbing up that
endless, or seemingly.so, sliding scale,
and, standing off from, yourself you
view with disgust the i ladder you
have been wasting those-years ot
endless toll climbing up and up and
up for what? "Nine hours and ten
minutes per day, at thirty-five cents
per hour, which, when reckoned up,
gives you the sum of s»;80 per day.
Now, compare this alongside of the
man who is pushing a broom along
the-Btreet. - '■■'•■
He does not have to use any brains
snd he only works eight hours a day,
yet he gets the same wages when he
starta.working for the olty as this
poor over-ridden street car man gets
for his nine hours and ten minutes,
after four years of self-denial and
hard work; and as for Sunday, why,
all days are alike, "the music ot the
rsil and wheel."
I often wonder, whether the Fourth
Commandment was.written as a Joke
on the wage-slave or If .the shareholders of streetcar systems ever go
to church. This Would be a good
subject for a sermon by the Rev. Dr.
Spencer and an object lesson for the
Good Government League.
However, following along the same
trail, Just Imagine ln this enlightened
twentieth oentury, and in this "Prosperous Canada ot ours," a large organisation of workera like the Street
and Electric Railway Employees having to work seven days a week to
make an existence, This is actually
throwing in one day and a half a
week ln the year for a mere existence over and above the ordinary laborer's working week.
Isn't It time they went after a living wage?
, It has been said that railway workers are forced to work' sine and ten
hours a day or more owing to the
different shifts.
Now it stands to reason that when
a man is forced to be caged up at
his work for over four hours at a
stretch his tive senses are going to
relax, and In doing so is it sny wonder that we read of accidents!
I think that the travelling public
and other organisations ought to push
this matter for their own benefit, not
alone the weary streetcar workers,
and see to It thst ao man who hu
the charge of human life ln his hsnds
should he allowed to work more than
eight hours a day or more than tour
hours ln one shift; as is the general
rule now.
I would like to See some of the
growlers amongst the sweet-tempered
public stand on the back end of a
car taking fares and keep astnlling
face after some drunk or garrulous
person has called you all the names
he could, without taking a breath,
Just because you didn't know he wanted to get off at the next street, which
you have Just passed, while he sat
reading a paper; or perhaps some
lady puts two bits ln the fsre box and
the "dear public" says "smile, damn
taps you up for the change, but still
you, smile."
The same thing applies to the motorman. He has a hundred and one
teams to dodge, even though the rail
is greasy, they never get off the
track until the motorman is shout red
ln the face;, and as for kids and pedestrians, they don't understand thst the
slightest miscalculation on his part
means death or accident to themselves or others aboard the car. Or
If any part of the mechanism falls
to act, the motorman has to have a
level head so as to know what to do
ln an Instant. Ha has to use his eyes
like a camera, so ss to know the next
move of every living object on the
sidewalk and road, and be able to
read the mind of the person who Is
standing behind him and wants to
get off at the next corner, but never
makes a noise or says anything, so
that the motorman need not have to
turn his head for an instant and run
over some one who gets In the way
when he has his head turned. Or,
maybe, if it is dark, the passenger
stands holding the inside door open
snd allows the light inside to shine
on the motorman'B Windows, so as to
obstruct his view of tbe road, but it
is "smile" Just the ssme.
Of course,- there are a few funny
incidents to liven matters up a little
sometimes, but- the average working
hours of a streetcar man are not very
sweet, aa a rule. So that It really
takes an angel to stay with it and
become competent, yet an experienced
man, when applying for a Job, if he
Is not refused, he hss to start all over
again. Just the same as a greenhorn,
and perhaps when he has again
climbed up that "sliding scale" to a
fairly decent existence, he hss an accident or is taken sick, or gets let
out tor some trivial affair with one
ot the "dear, generous public."
another thing that sticks ln my gullet Is this: The Dominion Government have appointed a tramway inspector over sU lines ln the Dominion.  Now, this very action Itself ad-
Pick'and shovel men, but not; of
the British persuasion, have, been very
busy In large numbers at North Vancouver thla season.   '
"Jack" Slattery, an old-time labor
unionist ot this olty, is spending his
holidays here snd on the lslend. He
now resides at Edmonton and has an
Interest ln two ranches. "I am Just
as strong a union man aa ever," he
W1U It be a picnic oh Ubor Day?
Tbe rock and stump blasters In
Vancouver snd suburbs should" or
guise and- draft a few rules to regulate their work. North Vancouver
early every morning volleys aiid thunders, likened unto a war battle.'
Alt. H. England and W. 8. Armstrong, of the Types,, leave oh Tuesday to attend the printers' convention,
to be held at Cleveland hast month.
.AL Whiteway, a former longshoreman of this and Paget Sound ports,
is visiting his sister,; Mrs. 8. H. Tidy,
Ot this city. Hs now makes bis home
at San Francisco, where he says
unionism Is holding Its own.
It Is stated that the C. P. R. em.
ployees' are endeavoring to arrange a
picnic. In days gone by this once-a-
year outing used' to be looked forward to by th« men and their friends
and families In great expectation-
always s success.' ,
The many friends of "Jim" Apple-
ton, a former bricklayer of local
prominence, will be pleased to learn
ot his marriage at pokan'e to Hiss
Julia Cowan, of that city.
"Strike" seems to be in the sir.
Now it's the New Westminster Lacrosse Club.
- Archie Drummond, one of Vancouver's pioneer cobblers, who took a
deep Interest In tbe affairs ot the defunct union, spent a few happy hours
on Wednesday In this city on his
way from Nelson' to Victoria. He's
still sticking to his last.
rA&traaxa raannsn
°*     '
There land iaw limiting the Scope of
trade unions; neither la 'there any artificial barrier to cheek the usefulness,
growth and .development The functions
and beneficence are aa broad as the universe, and aa protective aa human Ingenuity can devise. With growing Intelligence, and the elimination of narrow
selfishness, the trades unions can fulfil a mission, overshadowing the best
and noblest traits of human endeavor
and character in. the world'a progress.
The scope of the trade unions is developing with the growth of organisation
on a permanent basis; the keystones to
the arch of permanency are the protective and benevolent features,   what
we need Is a wider scope; rising above
petty selfishness and the apprehenaloi
of tfmid minds,   A more perfect organi
sation of labor on a trades union basis,
Is the most stupendous work Of modern
times; it has no. parallel in history.
Prejudice, Ignorance, aelflsliniww and cowardice are some of the obstacles in the
path of progress, 'which have to be removed.
The scope of a trades union, as constituted at present, embraces many valuable features.—Clgarmakers' Journal.
Stolen aellfloa.
Editor Federationist:—The other day
a local parson announced his discourse
"How to Study the Bible." The religion
of modern times is, "How io Study the
Labor Problem." It has been asserted
that were children kept-from church Influences till after they were 10. years of
age, that In two decades the sway and
power of religious orthodoxy would cease
to exist, and the new milfenlum would
appear on the hortson. The fetiah of
superstition would have passed away and
the phantom of want and starvation become a thing unknown in a civilised nation. , Thanking you for. your valuable
*PaCe' PETEK -ppr%CE.'
B. C. F. of L.'s Executive Vacancy.
Vice-President Geo. A. Burt of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, has tendered his resignation to Acting President McVety. This because of his
change of residence from Nanalmo to
a suburb of Vancouver and a change
also ln occupation. Sec-Treas. Mldgley has requested members of the executive board to submit names for
consideration to fill the vacancy.
mlts that we as workers on these
lines ss clsssed as skilled workers,
and therefore are entitled to skilled
laborers' wages, which, in Vancouver,
Is rated at 46c to 50c per hour. -
So that in getting our rights—
namely, an eight-hour day and a
forty-four-hour week, at 45c or 50c
an hour—a streetcar man would then
get a "living" wage, instead of what
he gets now, and that is a bare existence.
Pre Inventory Clearance
now in
UNPlliSCEDENTED Opportunl-
tlen to Economise! Spend
Liberally and Save! Our purpose 1h to effect an Immediate
clearance In every department to
reduce stocki. to normal proportions*. Manufacturers and wholesalers have co-operated with us,
enHbllnfr our offering of wonderful
values. Thousand* take advantage
of our sensutlonal price concessions.
This sule Is an event that In
magnitude of scope and genuine
economy will give another meaning to the word "SALE"—growing
greater each year by reason of tho
•teadfimt policy of selling only
goods of highest merit at prices to
attract the most economical buyer. Watch daily papers for specials.
James Stark m
Between abbots and CarraU.
"Meet Me Face to Face"
that will fit and
thai please and prices right
135 Hastings Strsjat E.
tnd Cigars
Big Cigar
642 Granville Street
Extra special out prices until then.   Ito worth your
wliiie to study this store carefully and daily,   B«r>
.    gainsiualldepartmenta...■•,,; :-■■:•
Mechanics'9 Tools, Hardware
always lowest prion*
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
Mght and Dull Leathers [ Caopt, Boatvf at
Tans If You Prefer    |        Tennis Shoes
WT    n R R    2Q* MAIN STREET
•  J*   V *>> «V        Opposite the City Hal
Nstsnod Shoasj Ars rracruontlr
Made In Non-Union TactorUa
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without ths Union Stamp are
always Non-Union. '•
Boot cB. Shoo Vrorkars' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. t. Skins, see.-Trass.
For any WEAR and every WEAR
For Shoes that WILL WEAR
made of honest
material by
Look for the
Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
*Ur^<  "
■ '■    i n *3 r
r:"        c \giv>\
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Isabel
'Work with the President and
the President works with you"
fTtritiiltiit SimiHitilrrs Guaranteed   .
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
SATURDAY...,:.— JVIiY 17, 1911
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See Province and World eaoh day for full particulars
: Catalogue nOW ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Whale Brand
''Sine,   Strength,   Endurance"
A special cut, made by union
girls, under the supervision si a
unionist, who thoroughly under-
stsnds the overall needs snd requirements of Vancouver wage
workers. Ask your merchant
for then and look (or both the
Union and Whale Bund
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
Women's and Men's HaU
Cleaned     ft THE HAT
Blocked and
Dyed ,
l»3RkWd,S.J  aft HOSPIBL
For Expert
and Jewelety
Geo. G. Bifget
143 Hastings Si West
A Credit tt Union Workmanship
We can furnishl wwt m u.1
YOUR HOME " «£»'""
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
Adjoining Central Park
$50 Cash; $10 a Month
Call at my office or phone
Sey.   1689  for appointment
VANCOUVER,    -    -   B.0.
wiuwoinu, itnnioii
Are you tired of working for wages?
Do you want to get away from tha dally
grind? If so, will you accept the opportunity of. a lifetime when It la offered tn
you? A company Is being formed to
manufacture the Talbot VoreM Oteonla-
ttoa Bollar in Canada. Thla company
le still In' lta infancy, and a few dollars
invested In It now will mean "Stff
KoB»r" for you In a short time. Thli is
truth, and we urge you to Investigate our
You owe it to yourself and. thoae de-
pendent upon you to come to our demon'
atratlng rooms, at 124 Hasttnga St. W„
and see this wonderful boiler In operation.     '
Just think of It!!! It can not explode;
It can not scale; it caa aot foam or
prime; tt Is one-third the slse aid on«v
half the weight of old style boilers, and
It will save 20% ln fuel. It haa already
passed the B. C. Inspection, and is creating a big demand. This is not a dream
of the future; the boiler Is proving Itself
to hundreds every day and night.
Get In early while the company Is
forming and get shares at the present
low price, i Shares are, bound to advance
in value In a very short time because of
the enormous profits to be made in the
manufacture of these boilers.
SPECIAL—Mention this paper when
you call. We are making a special offer
to Its readers',
114 Basting* «. Weat
"Virtue often trips and falls on the
sharp-edged . rock *bf poverty.'"—Eugene Sue.
" "Our knowledge li the amassed
thought and experience of Innumerable minds."—Emerson.
Han's Inhumanity to women and
children make countless manufacturer! prosperous.—Cynlcus.
oan save a day's pay for you
if you let her buy new or
second hand
China. Crockery, Graniteware
Hardware ana Stoves from
8»7 Granville St., Cor. Smyths
Phone Sey. 874S
Wkea you play Pool Play al the
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union
39 Hastings Street East
J. 0. Parliament, Prop.
Men's Wear
To Readers of the Federationist
for Saturday and week following
Men's  Black   Work  Shirts;
reg. 81.25, for $1.00
Men's Black Work Shirts,
lighter weight  than  above;
reg. S1.00, for 85o
All Wool Socks; reg 2So 20c
Union-made Overalls,
Hats, Gloves, Etc.
Also we shall give 10% discount oil' all suits, hats, eto.
if you 'mention  this   paper
The Belfast Store
166 Cordova St. West
Vancouver, B, 0.
Where Rents sre lower
They Sell  Cheaper
(Opp. B. & K. Wharf)
(Vancouver Tile Layers' Union)
There has been ot late various articles written by pseudo-economists,
Invariably apologists for the capitalist
class, dealing with tbe high cost of
living and in many cases offering pal-
Datives for the same. The said palliatives In the main consist of lectureB
to the working class, showing them
how to lower their standard of living
and thus cheapen production.
One of the most widely advertised
of such works in the past two years
has been the book entitled "One Way
Out,'" by Carleton. This book has
been very favorably written up by all
the apologists of the present system,
its great worth being in the fact that
it shows the working class how to
live in a tenement building and sub
slst on 15 cents per. This to provide
for three persons.
It may be said in passing that
neither books or lectures are required
to teach the workers how'to exist on
a lower standard than they have been
accustomed to. That knowledge has
been steadily forced upon them tor
the last five years; so much so, that
s further lowering will Inevitably re
suit In a diminution of productive power on the part ot the workers, and will
thus defeat Its own object—the lowering of the cost of production.
Some writers have adduced the
cause to be the high standard of living
of this generation as compared with
the last, contending that-tbe high rate
of wages demanded by labor, having
Increased the cost ot production, is responsible for the present soaring,
prices of commodities.
Let us examine this statement
briefly. For Instance, the Chinese
have one of the lowest standards
living, the standard (and by that
meant the average living conditions
of the people of any particular court
try), gradually Improves, working
from East to West. The European
better than the Asiatic, the American
the highest standard In the world. It
would seem apparent that as the living conditions reach their highest
polat la the West that the coBt of production would be In like ratio.
On examination, however, we find
that while the Ohlnese receive, on
an average, one-third of the value ot
their product, the highly-paid workers
of America receive, on an average,
one-seventh of, the value of their product.
The standard of living possessed by
the workers does not appear very
feasible as sin explanation of the cost
of living when measured by their productive capacity.
With reference to the Improved conditions under which the workers exist, we find that during tbe latter half
of the nineteenth century the real
wage (and by that is meant the pur
chasing capacity of the wage), steadily lncressed, due mainly to ths Increase In education among the working class, which, being brought about
principally hy the evolution of the
machine, forced them to demand a
.higher standard of living ln order to
adequately reproduce the Increased
mental and physical energy which was
being expended ln that system of production. ''
With the Increase In the wage of
the worker came increased Improvements In the labor-saving machinery,
so that the higher rate of wages received made little or no difference to
the cost of production.
It must' be understood that labor
saving machinery has never been
used for the benefit of the workers,
but simply tor purposes of making
profit by displacing labor and thus
cheapening production,
From tbe beginning of the present
century until now the real wage ot
the worker has steadily decreased,
though the'nominal wage has continued to rise.
To get some understanding of this
anomaly it will be necessary for us
to review tbe production of gold ln its
relation to other commodities.
Ths Gold Standard.
All highly civilised, or capitalised
nstlons hsve adopted what Is known
as the (old standard In connection
with its currency, or medium of exchange. This does not mean that gold
has In Itself a standard value. It simply means that gold Is the standard
by which the value of other articles
of currency is messured. It is a standard of measurement, not of value.
For Instance, assuming that the
Standard for the IB coin is 600 grains
of gold, one silver dollar is measured
as having the exchange value of 100
grains of gold or one-fifth of the
amount of gold contained in One $6
coin. All other currency Is measured
ln like ratio. •
Currency, in Itself, has no exchange
value except that given to It by the
commodity, gold, by which it Is measured. For instance, although the exchange value of silver Increased 20
per cent, and that Of gold decreased
to the same extent, the exchange value
i' one dollar would still remain one-
fifth of that of the |5 goldpiece.
Some may say: What haa this to
do with the cost Of living? We will
power ot thst IB coin has decreased,
proceed to see how tbe purchasing
The gold, by which all currency Is
messured, Is a commodity and as such
Is subject to the same1 laws as other
commodities I. e„ It exchanges, on the
iverage, at Its value, and Its value, as
bet of every other commodity, Is determined by the amount of necessary
social labor-power expended ln Its
Gold was adopted as a standard for
currency mainly because of Its comparative rarity and consequent del-cased probability of fluctuation ln
alue. Prior to 1900 gold remained
fairly steady. Tbe opening up of the
Yukon gold fields marked the first
:reat decrease In Its value. Owing
to the difficulties of transportstlon
ind tbe fact that It was very difficult
rat machinery Into the gold
fields no very apparent change ln
the value of gold took place during
the three years following the gold
rush, In 1000, however, owing to the
nrreased facilities In transportation,
'nd the installation of labor-saving machinery, the value of gold decreased
almost 10 per cent In Its relation to
commodities ln the production of
which the amount of necessary social
labor-power hsd not been decreased
to the same extent.
This mesnt that tbe amount of gold
contained In the 16 coin had lost, on
sn average, about 15 per cent of Its
exchange value or purchasing power.
In 190M the Importation of Chinese
to work the mines at the Wltwaters-
land, 8. A„ In place of the negro, and
the white skilled miners, about the
mines, caused a further decrease in
the value Of gold, and a consequent
decreese In the purchasing power ot
all currency measured by that standard.
The Improvements In labor-saving
machinery has grown more rapidly
since then snd the workers are com
pelled to strike for higher wages In a
hopeless attempt to keep their value
or standard ot living at the point
which they had reached prior to 1000.
The Introduction of labor-saving machinery ln the production of other
commodities will not help the workers
any, for an Increase in labor-saving
machinery is followed by an increase
in the unemployed In the labor market, resulting In more Intense competition among the workers in the struggle for existence.
You say this Is all very fine, but
what are we to do to alter It? Must
we take gold from the list of commodities?
No, my friends, we cannot remove
gold from the list of commodities, but
we can and must remove labor-power,
or human energy, from that list.
Labor-power, or the power to labor,
at tbe present time, functions as a
commodity. It is bought snd sold
exactly as butter or eggs are bought
and sold. But when you sell your
labor-power for eight hours for a cer
tain sum you cannot go home as you
could do after selling eggs. Nol You
must stay and deliver that labor
power, for when you sell your commodity, you sell yourself; for your
labor-power Is contained within you;
it is your human energy of brain and
Can you now distinguish any great
difference between the wage-worker
ot today and the chattel slsve of half
a century ago?
There Is one thing to be said ln
favor of the chattel slave. He did
not sell himself.
Labor-power exchanges, on the aver
age, at Its value; that Is the standard
of living necessary to reproduce that
laborpower, and that standard1 Is being forced down by the fact that there
are practically two men for every Job.
Now, although laborpower exchanges at Its vslue, the possessor, or
deliverer, of that power, does not receive the value of bis product
' The difference between the value
of laborpower and the value of the
product, of that laborpower Is what
the worker Is robbed of and is called
Last year, ln the U. S. A., according
to government statistics, the average
product of the workers was 12,500.
The average wage received was |S00.
This Includes every one receiving salary or wages.
In Canada the wages paid amounted
to 1150,000,000. The value of the
wealth produced was 1900,000,000, a
slight difference of 1750,000,000.
But how csn we remove labor-
power from the commodity list?
The only way is to use our ballot to
elect members of our own class to the
legislstlVe balls ln order that we may
use the powers of government to take
over for the benefit of the working
class all collectively-used property, ln
the form of wealth-producing machinery, and Inaugurate a system whereby
the producers will Own and control
that which they socially produce.
Then production will be for use and
not for profit, the Bra of Industrial
Another Woman School Trustee.
Port Moody hss chosen Mrs.   M.
Paulson as trustee st the snnusl election the other day.
I. W. W. Convention.
The seventh annual convention of
the Industrial Workers ot the World
will convene at Chicago on Sept. 16.
Brewery Workers Progress.
The executive bosrd of tbe Brewery
Workers reported new contracts
signed at Montgomery, Ala., Winnipeg, Oan., Baker, Oregon, and several
others under negotiation.
Capitalism's Incentive.
An Uxbridge (England) blacksmith
has Just completed his 101st birthday,
and celebrated the occasion by shoeing a horse. He Is no richer than the
day he started.
Parliamentary Committee,
The Parliamentary Committee of
the Central Labor Body will meet
hereafter on the second and fourth
Friday evenings ot each month.
Members sre urged by Chairman Palmer and Secretary Pipes to mske a
note of tbe date aad govern themselves accordingly.
Shorter Day for Strsst Railway Men.
The Massachusetts legislature has
enacted a law regulating the hours of
lsbor of Street railway employees after January 1, 1918, Regular trainmen will be limited to nine hours'
regulsr work, to be performed within
twelve consecutive hours. For substitutes eight hours must elapse between tbe close of one dsy's labor
and the beginning of the next.
I      Labor Temple Reading Room.
Wage workers are Invited to make
use of Room 206, Labor Temple, as
a reading room, conducted by Local
69 of the S. P. ot C. It Is bright clean
and cheerful and on the files will be
found papers front every quarter ot
the globe. It is a splendid and profitable place to while away an hour
or two.
Reglna Painters' Strike.
The Painters' union of Reglna,
Sask., have gone on strike for a pleoe
of the "prosperity" federal ministers
recently touring the west have been
telling them about; also corroborated
by candidates for office ln the provincial election Just closed, with the Liberal party returned to office. The
employers complain that the men
chose a time that was most Inoppor
tune—for them.
Another, Pioneer Dies.
A despatch chronicles the demise ot
George Pollay at Discovery, Atlln, B.
C, on Thursday. Mr, Pollay was a
pioneer In the labor movement ln Vancouver, having been a prominent figure ln the Knights Of Labor before
and after the great fire Of 1886. He
was a strident In economics, snd gsve
many lectures and speeches on subjects slong these lines. He wss one
of the founders of the Trades and
Labor Counoll at the close of the
eighties. He was also a member of
the Single Tax Club (now defunct),
About 1884 so strong were his beliefs In co-operation that he Joined a
co-operative colony in Tennessee, snd
sfter sbout five years active work
there returned to this city somewhat
disappointed with the experiment,
though still strong In, his tenets in tbe
Cooperative Commonwealth of Lawrence Gronlund. He was one of the
first committees, that endeavored to
plan the building of a labor hall, and
helped to draft many labor platforms
and resolutions for political purposes
In this city and province. Honest and
upright ln all his dealings, he wss
respected by sll who knew him.
Act! labores Jucundl.
Latest Addition to Labor Press.
Arthur Jensen has again broken
Into the labor paper arena,' an announcement that will be received with
satisfaction by his many- friends in
the Pacific Northwest. This time he
Is editor of The Free Press, published by Hoqulsm Trades and Labor
Council, ln the neighboring state of
Washington. Cnder the management
ot Mr. Jensen, The Coal Digger, while
It lasted, wss one of the brightest
productions of the labor world. That
the Hoqutam Free Press will resoh
s million clrculstlon before the year
Is out Is the wish of the unionists
of British Columbia. "By the way,"
says Jensen, "It Is to laugh to see
some good people, who bravely carry
guns to subdue unarmed men on
strike against starvation wages, always advise workingmen as to whst
they should or should not do or read."
Timber Workers' Struggle.
The Brotherhood of Timber Workers, with hesdqusrters at Alexandria,
La., are up against a tough fight for
existence. The lumber, trust, under
the guise of the Lumber Operators'
Association, have issued a declaration "to crush all union1 labor out of
their mills and camps, drive all socialist speakers out of their towns,
snd run things ss they damned
please." "For twenty long months,"
says the members of the Timber
Workers' Union, "we have fought this
mighty and merciless combination of
capital, this vicious combine of grafters and gunmen, and because they
are not able to whip us back into their
mills snd slave pens they have
planned the massacre of Grabow and,
falling to kill our President Emerson
snd his associates, they have taken
him and them to Jail, and are prepar
ing to stage another legal murder."
*ae Open Shop.
An open shop la the place, alas,
You find employed the worklns ass,
He bead la Weak, hla back la strong,
His pay Is short, Ids hours are tang'
He's  "Independent/' yes, of course---
So Is the meek, dumb broken horse.
Poor chump, he cannot realise
Employers even  him  deaplae.
He's satisfied and well content
So long as he can pay hla rent.
He lust exists from day to day,
Thats food enough for auoh a Jay;
"No Labor Unions goes for me,
For I am an 'Independent'- -you see." i
Employers pat him dn the back,
And urge along the braying Jack.
An open shop Is where you find
The baokward type of humankind;
Of being "free" he likes to blow,
see where he reaps where others Sow:
He furthers sweatshops, crime, disease,
And  pads   he wears upon hla kneea;
If he has brains they're not on top;
Sustalnor of the Open Shop.
F. M.. N.
Become Too Fossilised.
W. Abrahams, for forty years connected prominently with the South
Wales Federation of Miners, Liberal
and Labor representative In the House
of Commons, has resigned his post on
account of advancing years. He has
been of the conservative type of labor'
official, pinning his faith to arbitration, conciliation, sliding scales, etc.
His successor Is reported to be of the
same type, He is W. Brace, a Labor
M. P.
The Boilermakers.
> The Boilermakers, at their recent
International convention in Little
Rock, Ark., lncressed the per capita
tax from 60 cents to 11 per month.
They determined thst hereafter they
would endeavor to fight their own
battles by accumulating a defense
fund, rather than by passing the hat
among other unions in times,of stress.
The discussion brought out many
good arguments in fsvor ot higher
dues. A policy of tending to more
uniformity in trade regulations and
wages wss also laid down at the convention.
Conscription In South Africa.
Says The Voice of Labor, published
at Johannesburg, South Africa: "On
the 14th of June, 1912, was promulgated the latest effort ln tyranny
and repression by. the master clsss
on the bosSted liberties Of the wage
slaves of the British Empire. To the
god of Imperialism has been offered
up freedom of speech snd conscience.
To the 'sworn', drilled and bedlsened
Jackals of war, to the blood-sucking
parasites ot the capitalists, the wage
workers of South Africa, in the name
of defense, have been handed over
bound ln the straight Jacket of conscription."
Why Be a Gambler?
The capitalist system of industry is
a gambler'a system of Industry. There
Is a chance tor a few to get rich,
with a certainty that the mass of the
people will be plunged Into poverty.
Millions Of workers support the present Industrial system because they
hope that some day they may be
lucky enough "to win the big prise"
and become capitalists. As In moat
gambling games, the great majority
of the players are bitterly disappointed.
Isn't It about time, fellow workers,
that we quit gambling for a chance
to. get rich and make it certain that
we and our children get a comfortable
Let the nation own the trusts, and
we will thereby put an end to financial gambling and establish seoure
living conditions for all,—Chicago
Do You Want
to be Successful
•** man is one whose
judgment is good;
one who appreciates
his chances, and one
invests funds, however small, in suoh a
way that he makes
money from his investments.
•J Use good judgment in seleoting
your wearing appar-
rel; buy good honest
goods and you have
made a start on the
road to success
613 Granville Street
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone.3822
The label of the Garment Workers
is a proof that the articles upon which
It appears are made by white men
and women. Demand It when purchasing suits, shirts, overalls, etc.
All 8ame Vancouver. .
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council
has received startling Information as
to tbe filthy condition of the non-union
bakeries, and the exploitation to which
the men employed are subjected. They
are Investigating the matter,
Either That or a Strike.
And so the Steel Trust Is going to
be good, and will not work its salves
more than six days a week, and Is
going to "consider" the reduction of
tbe 12-hour day?  Quite philanthropic.
To Natlonallss Portuguese Railways.
It Is reported by a foreign news
gathering agency that the next par-
Is estimated that it will require |60V
llamentary session ln Portugsl will
authorise the government of that country to take over the railways, which
are now owned by French bankers. It
000,000 to complete the deal.
Saskatoon Building Trades.
Bricklayers, lathers and plasterers
of Saskatoon are making demands for
more psy. The brickies want an increase from 67Hc. to 75c, lathers
want six cents Instead of five cents per
yard, and plasterers want 75c, per hour
instead of the 66c. they are now getting.
Properly Clsssifiad.
It Is now Sir Richard McBride.
The tltte la somewhat of a handicap
to a rising politician, but if Dick can
stand it we suppose his supporters will
be compelled to bear the affliction
with Christian fortitude. SU11 it is
about the limit to class the premier of
this great western province with the
promoters of cement mergers and tinhorn railway schemes.—Slocan Record.
Organising System Federation.
Information to tbe effect tbat twenty-five lodges comprising the Order of
Railway Conductors, are favorable to
forming a system federation on the
Northwestern Railroad. This is following the line of the system federations recently perfected by the shop
organisations on various western railroads.
Musicians' Union.
The 17th annual convention of the
American Federation of Musicians recently held In Omaha, Neb., re-elected
Joseph N. Weber president; Owen
Miller, secretary, and Otto Ostendorf,
tressurer. The cash balance ln the
treasury of the organisation is 189,000
snd the secretary reported 588 locals
on the roster, all In good standing. The
next convention will be held In Toronto Can,, convening on May 13th, 1913.
Rebelling Agslnst Slavery.
Over 7,500 fur workers ln 400 New
York shops walked out to enforce
their demands for recognition ot the
union, more wages, shorter hours, regulation ot overtime, holidays, sanitation, strict observance of all factory
laws, and abolition of piece work and
time contracts. Nothing like getting
everything cleaned up while at it
Keep Pegging Away.
Continue to demand the union label
on the goods you buy, even though the
merchant tells you he does not hsndle
union label goods' because there Is no
demand for tbem. You are a poor
union man tt you cannot make your
patience last longer thsn the merchant's pocketbook. If you continue to
demand the label he will finally be
compelled to supply it
Quarry Workers.
Int Sec.-Treas. Fred W. Suitor reports that President J. C. Watters of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada has addsd two new branches
of the Quarry Workers, totalling 800
men, to the Canadian membership
from the qusrries of Nova Scotia, Sec.
Suitor Is also taking Interest ln the
affairs of the Vancouver branch and
will give It all possible aid to make
It a 100 per cent, local.
Winnipeg Carpenters. .
Winnipeg employers have been in
the habit of telling corproters' committees to go snd get organised before
they talked about better terms, being
under the Impression that It was Impossible for them to be organised.
Half a dosen business agents hsve been
on the hustle, snd now the men are
preparing to meet the employers on
a hotter footing thsn has been the case
In the past. Whether the employers
are pleased Is another question.
Why Ssmuel Is Ssd.
The other day President Gompers of
the American Federation of Labor was
at Chicago, where he was Interviewed.
He was ssked what he thought about
politics. He declined to enter Into a
discussion, contenting himself with the
reply tbst "politics is rotten." And
when requested to be specific, he responded: "There Is no nsed to be
specific. The whole system Is rotten,
nnd there is no need to separae tt into
blta to see the rottenness of it"
Only Antl-"Reds" Qualify.
There Is little room ln this world
for the pessimist Almost sny other
kind of person serves some useful purpose In tbe world, but the confirmed
pessimist, oan you conjure up in your
mind any good that Is brought about
by or through him? He Is eternally a
brake on progress, a hindrance to happiness, snd s detriment to creation.
Why he was ever permitted to creep
into existence we do not know, snd
why he has been allowed to remain Is
a mystery,—'Frisco Clarion. .
O'Brlea TJissalsses.
Charlea M. O'Brien, socialist member
was arrested last week while. addressing an open-air meeting at Calgary,
along with Wallace McCIoakey on the
convenient charge of '"Impeding trar-
no." Both were dismissed the following morning by the maslatrate because
of "Insufflolent evidence." Charlie spent
four hours In the only houses the work-
era build and live In.	
Bawsiflsfl ■arty.
The "trial" Judse In the McNamara
case, J. W. Bordwell, haa announced hla
Intention of resigning and returning to
private practice. It jnlsht have looked
better to have waited till the Ink waa
dry on the aentence which meant ao
muoh to the Big Interests at Los Angeles
on the eve of an election which threatened to upset the plana of the plutea.
Labor Bar at "Ska MM." . v
Lethbrldge, Alta., Trades and Labor
Counoll la arranging an excursion to
Medicine Hat for/Labor DW whA™uttS
unionists of both cltlea will hold high
sraiTino sooth vA»ootnra
asoTsuBMooD ox- oaansnnM
The regular weekly meeting waa held
at Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser, on Friday last, when a record number of members turned out, with President Robertson In the ehatr. A general discussion took place after the regular order
of business had been gone through. Several members of other Locals of U, B.
J'atlng their willingness to transfer to
the South Vancouver Local. We ask all
members who have not yet taken out
their clearance to do this Immediately
and come along to the meeting; there's a
good time in store for you, brothers.
Tills local is going to he one of the
largest In South Vancouver. We al o
ask all the members who have not this
quarter's working card to come and see
Financial Secretary Dlckleson. We meet
every Friday at 8 o'clock. Carpenters
wishing to Join the above local will get
all Information from J, A. Dlckleson,
South Vancouver, poatofflce, "Coma and
got acquainted." B. T. P.
Under the auspices of Local 817. United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, a mass-meeting will be held In the
large hall, Labor Temple, on Wednesday
evening next, July 8tst, at 8 p.m.
Several prominent carpenters will review the conditions prevailing in the
craft, past, present and future, Itema
of vocal and Instrumental music are also
down on the programme.
This will be a real old-fashioned rally, and all carpenters are invited to attend.
Bro.- D. B. Grant, general organiser,
will be one of the speakers, J. P. Boren-
sen, formerly organiser of the A, F. of
L. at Seattle, has deposited his union
card in Local 617, and will again resume
his trade here; he will also apeak at
the meeting, addressing himself especially to the Scandinavian carpenters.
"Poverty Is shunned and persecuted
all over tne globe."—Lucan.
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
•J When you buy your suits
(rom ui you are doing so. We
employ, union workmen only.
<J In dealing with ui you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
515 Hamilton Street      ...
Also Repairing
and Alterations
All Goods Called for and
Phone Seymour 8069
Gndaete   Detroit
Optical Colltft
106 Bank of
Ottawa Bldg.
Phons ssv. ssb
aroBTB TASCOUTU-aad steirowa
Bridge. 41-foot lota one block from
the waterfront In D.L. 188, price 8880.
quarter cash, balance ln 8. 18 and 18
months. Building lota In North Vancouver, from 1260 and up, on easy
terms. Whltaker ft Whltaker, "The
North Vancouver Experts," 430 Hows
Street, Vancouver. Phone Seymour
alow orqulck
death. 9/hte
la the Viata
—goat doubt it, Read "How to Take
Care of a Wife" and "Tha Royal Road
to Hell" (Grave). Price 60c. sold at
book Btores. Mental Development
Classes, 60c, Tuesdays and Fridays
at 8 p.m. Don't despair concernling
your health and that of your dear
cam. mi asAsmxu sntiiT
-       iC
Phone Bey. 8122L


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