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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 6, 1912

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PUM.ISMD
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:, OTBBNOTH. -«tMt» '• OFFICIAL PAPftm    VANCOUVER TRAPEflAND LABOR COUNCIL AND B, C. yBDBRATtON OF LABOR, ^s> MLlWOist;''inftm
Fourth Year, No. 65
VANCOUVER, B, 0/SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1912.
Oft CONTRACTORS MAY MAKE
WITH THE STRIKERS
ly EDWARD COB...     ;
(Sec     j N.  H.  Strike Committee).
The contractors on the C. N. R. are
having many different varieties of
trouble. What with wooden-shoe men
and green men, they can see their
profits being eaten up—so they are getting madder all the time.
Peter Penning, ot Palmer Bros, ft
Henning, personally brought a gang ot
Swedes trom Minneapolis (who he
thought would be greet to the game).
The whole trip cost htm a goodly sum,
and when they got to Vancouver they
deserted htm and went to work elsewhere. Henning was like a madman
at Vale when he was telling of his ex-
. perlencs. Yon see the slaves are getting wis* to the game and are hitting
the boil ln hie only vulnerable spot,
Ms pocketbook (Us head Is too solid
to hurt). Toquist, foreman tor the
above mentioned arm, receives a guar
antee of.flve dollars (IB) a day and a
bonus of so muoh per yard for all dirt
moved above a certain amount, The
result Is, that any real scabs, who as
a rule are none too amlous to work
anyway, give him a wide berth. No
one wtll work for him. In a grand
effort to secure scabs, Toqulst came to
town with a hail-fellow-well-met,air.
However, when he returned to Yale
without scabs, he was asked by a sympathiser why he had not brought back
any men. "They drank all my money
up, stole my watch, I had to borrow
money to get back to Yah), and even
then not a single man could I get to
return with me; that Is your I, W. W.'s
for you," he exclaimed, ln a tired but
angry voice, You have much to learn,
Mister Toqulst, of the I, W. W.; and
speed the day when you will realize
that you can not sweep back the tide
with a broom.
One of the foremen ln the tunnel at
Yale says he has a bunch ot Russians
working, or at least drawing pay, who
would not work or let anybody else
work; getting in the way, It necessary,
to prevent them. On being asked why
he did not lire them, he replied,
"Where in h— can I get men to take
their plaoe, and make a bluff even of
working? D— theml .They know It,
too.",
Contractors on the North Thompson
say that they will hire nothing but
Austrlans and Italians hereafter on
their work. For their Information, we
Will aay tbat it la our firm belief that
there aro a few of the far-famed
wooden-shoe men amongst those so-
called foreigner!, and, as a whole, they
make poor scabs.
Forty-two scabs quit George Chew's
camp last week la a body, They happened to travel down to Vancouver
with a bunch ot contractors, who were
going to hav. a conference there. The
so-called scabs enlivened the Journey'
Vancouver by singing I. W. W. soil
for the entertainment of Martin Walsh,
George Chew, and others. We surmise
that when George returned to his camp
be found very little useful work had
been done by hla late employees.
The scouts at Spokane report the
return ot an Italian from the North
Thompson. When be learned of the
strike, on arriving on the Job, he refused to work, until he was forced to
do so by having a gun shoved In his
face. (Oh! you law-abiding contractors.) He managed to dodge the boss
(or slave-driver) and beat his way
back to Spokane. Thanks, Mr. Contractor, for the education you are bestowing so freely on the slave. From
tbe mood the outraged Italian Is now
In, ft bodes 111 for you and your kind.
Such actions aa these show the desperate condition the contractors are In
at the present time.
It Is law and order for the contractor
to use a loaded gun to threaten the
strikers; but if working men happen
to pack a gun, they are railroaded toi
jail and deported, if possible, as undesirable citizens. Now, workers are getting wise and finding out that the only
enemy and foreigner they know Is the
boss. They own the police, law courts,
government and all that goea with
them, body and soul. There are over
two hundred working men In the Jails
of this province, and hundreds more
have been deported or beaten up Just
for trying to Improve their conditions
of life.
12,000 Seaba Wanted; 2600 Working.
In order that the workers may thoroughly understand the present situation on the O. N. B., it is necessary to
know that of the 12,000 needed along
the 300 miles of construction, less than
2500 scabs are working. At no time
during the three months of strike have
the contractors been able to secure
even SS per cent of a full crew, The
men, numbering 7000, who walked out,
have put up a gallant light, and the
tie-up Is Just aa complete today as it
was the first day of strike. The picket
line throughout the Northwest, and extending aa far east as Minneapolis and
Montreal, has been effective.
Although some of the slaves (who
very seldom have this chance) have
not refused to take a'five hundred or
thousand mile Journey, at the expense
of contractors, few have ever gone, to
work. Those few, from all accounts,
are either so strong that they break
the shovel handles, or so Ignorant or
careless that they send dump-care Into
the river along with the dirt
Picket Reports.       -
In Seattle employment sharks are
being driven frantic, because they cannot get men to ship as scabs for the
C. N. R. If they cannot get the men
they cannot get the dollars, aud when
they see the chances for a rich haul
going by, you can bet your life they
have no love for the I. W. W. pickets.
The employment sharks in Spokane
have practically given up trying to get
scabs, as they begin to flnd advertising for men to work on the C. N. R.
Is beginning to injure their business.
Several men have been turned back at
the boundary by the Canadian immigration authorities, as they say they will
not chance getting any more of those
I. W. W. agitators Into the country.
Fakirs.
Ever since the beginning of the Canadian Northern strike, many things
have been tried by the contractors to
secure scabs that show them up tn
their true light. They are a bunch of
men who would go to any extreme to
save their profits; there Is hardly a
crime known to the human race that
they are not guilty of. Their latest
attempt to get scabs ln Vancouver Is
about the moat contemptable of all.
Through some mean's .or other one of
the Station men, who. would tell Ms
manhood for a few dollars, managed to
get an I. W. W. card. Armed with this
card, he came to Vancouver and accosted men ln the streets and saloons, tell-
B. 0. FEDERATION
EXECUTIVE MEETS
THURSDAY NEXT
Preslrent J. W, Wilkinson has
summoned a meeting of the executive board of the B. C. Federation of Labor, to be held at
Room 210, Labor Temple, on
Thursday evening next, July 11,
at 8 o'clock.
Several questions affecting the
interests of the organisation will
be before the executive for action prior to the president leaving for the east as organiser for
the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada.       •
When in Dodbt
PEABODYS*
HIGHEST
GRADE
FwSaUbr
Buy
Peabodys
Overalls
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
Tbe fact that they
are union made proves
that they are welt
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note the lit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish, etc, There's no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them for good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally good, Note
the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good Jacket, that's the
one made hy Peabody.
FOR SALE AT THE
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
jon w. BAuca
Orfaalast In Oanu *ot tht Halted Asao-
olauos of riojalXTS ana luun.
ttlwsv stow In Vancouver.
ing them that the contractor for whom
he worked had an agreement with the
I. W. W., allowing men to work for
him. He was, however, soon hunted
but hy the watchful pickets, who kept
close tab on him until he was well on
his way to camp, with a sad story to
relate to his master.
Employment Sharks,
The employment sbarks of Vancouver, who are masquerading as respectable citizens, have belittled themselves
to the extent of giving out lying statements to the slaves who are willing to
pay a dollar for the privilege of work'
Ing. One of the slaves, who had been
in Vancouver only a day or two and
was nearly broke, went to them for a
Job. After buying a Job on the Canadian Northern, be happened to walk
up to the I. W. W. hall and mentioned
where he was going. When told of the
Strike there he went back to the office
and asked for the return ot his money,
saying that he would not scab. The
slave refused to leave the office without hla money, whereupon the shark
called the police, who told the lad to
move on. When the lad tried to explain, he was told to move on or go
to Jail.
GEORGE A. TRACT IS
WESTERN CANADA'S
I.T.U. REPRESENTATIVE
Vacancy Created by Resignation
of R. P. Pettipiece Filled by
Typographical Executive.
Upon the acceptance of the position
of manager of The Federatlonist some
months ago, R. P. Pettlplece tendered his resignation as an International
Typographical Union representative
In Western Canada, a position he had
held since 1907. Several unions
throughout the Canadian West have
since been urging, upon the I. T. U.
executive council the necessity of
placing a successor In the field, and
Vancouver union last month recommended W. R. Trotter for the position; evidently too late for the consideration of tbe executive, for this
week First Vice-President George A.
Tracy of San Francisco arrived In
Vancouver, upon his return from
Prince Rupert, where he had proceeded direct from 'Frisco.
Representative Tracy was not long
in getting In touch with the local officers, and at once began sizing up the
work ahead of him ln such a big, new,
rapidly-developing territory.
"Keep members ot organized labor
working; wo do not want them on the
street either through lockout or strike.
Arbitration has proved one of the surest and safest methods 01 settling labor disputes. A strike should be called only after every pacific means has
been exhausted," said Sir. Tracy to
The Federatlonist yesterday.
Mr. Tracy's visit to Western Canada Is primarily to look after his or
ganlsatlon and aid in keeping It
abreast of the times. His presence In
Vancouver happened at most opportune moment, as negotiations are now
going on regarding the new scale for
Job printers. The cause of a single
typo, union Ib the cause of the big
parent organisation with Its fifty-odd
thousand members and its healthy
treasury and wonderful resourcefulness.
Mr. Tracy Is the embodiment of the
conservative yet aggressive union
man. Long tenure at his trade as a
practical printer has fitted him for the
many tasks that have fallen to his
lot. That this has been recognised is
vouchsafed in the fact that he has for
years held the position of chief executive of San Francisco Typographical
Union, and has been many times honored by the International organisation, now occupying the second highest honor ln the gift of his organisation.
Mr. Tracy's ideas of labor matters
has been gained by long years of service ln Its cause..
He has seen the Typographical Union grow from a small trades union to
one of tbe strongest, wealthiest and
most solidly united crafts organisations in the world. He has seen Its
various ramifications grow until today It la a great Insurance order, embracing everything looking to the elevation of labor and clothing it in a
dignity that permits It to command
that recognition whloh is Its due.
The organisation which he represents buries its dead decently; It cares
for the sick'and Injured; it demands
and enforces decent working hours
and equal wages for both Its male
and female members; Its motto haa
been "Inasmuch as ye have done It
unto the least of them, ye have done
It unto Me;" and last, and something
which has emblazoned upon tbe tablet of achievement ln letters of gold,
O, E, B. M.mber on Jet) Mew
Tom Halclo of the General Executive Board has arrived on th. scene,
and In response to a motion hy the
Central Strike committee tbat general
headquarters be asked to take over tbe
direction of the strike hits, assumed
charge of affairs. In a trip of observation to Kamloops, he reports that the
scabs ln the camps want I, W. W. or.
ganlsers to get busy organising them,
so they can com. out on strike In a
body and again tie up th* line completely. They are dissatisfied with
had they known that th. strike was is
complete, and effective as it Is, would
not have gone on the Job. They were
misled by lying reports that the strike
waa over and are now ready to make
amends for their error by doing all in
their power to win the etrtke.!
Before adopting new-methods ot carrying on the strike, an attempt will be
made to arrange for a meeting with
the contractors to show them that it
is cheaper to settle with the strikers
than to carry on a costly war with an
aroused and ever mere determined
working-class. Ere Th* Federatlonist
again reaches (ta readers the strike
will have been settled or else a campaign for a long, bitter, drawn-out boycott of the construction camps on the
C. N. will have been inaugurated; terminating only when the last spike
shall have been driven. The general
office of the I. W. W. is determined
that unless a satisfactory settlement
can. tie made soon, this strike will he
made an object lesson to the employing class; that when they angage In a
conflict with the I. W. W. It Is not
child's play nor healthy for well-filled
pocket books and big dividends; that
when the workera next ask for better
conditions ln the construction camps,
they will receive more consideration at
the hands of the bosses, than have
the workers .on the C. N.
The organisation haa had Its hands
full, but now that th. strikers have
asked headquarters to take over the
strike all energies will be bent ln this
direction and Just as soon as present
strikes and free speeoh fights are set.
tied In other localities, more and more
unsure will be brought to bear on the
C. N. situation.
ACTIVITIES OF VICTORIA
TRADES AND
$1.00'A YEAR
OTTY COUNCIL        '
IGNORES REQUEST
FOR COMMISSION
Mayor Flndlay does not "recognize" working women.
Although It Is now almost two
weeks since Mayor Flndlay was
asked by the Trades and Labor
Council to cause an. inquiry to
be made into the wages and
working conditions of women
engaged in departmental stores,
factories and workshops, in Van-
con ver, he has not yet deigned to
even reply to the communication. ■'■'■
It. looks as though' he was
playing the same game which
he did over the restricted district. .
Mayor Flndlay does not "rec-
.ognlze" things he does not want
to see.
. ,u. 1. . ,l.     im'ii,; i
010. A. TBAOT
Weetsm   oauda's   >ew  astmattonsl
srypoftweuoal Oalsa stopNsmuMvo,
■«w tn Veaoouvsr.
Organiser in Town.
Tom Halcro of the General Executive Board ot the I. W. W., has been
ln B. C, for the put week, ln the Interest of the C. N. strikers. He holds
a card in the B. M. ft P, I. U. and
wherever he goes carries on a ceaseless propaganda amongst the brick,
layers to affiliate with the Building
Trades Councils of the various cities.
He is a type of the younger element
ln the labor movement who are forging
to the front, the need for closer affiliation and Industrial Unionism. These
young radicals are bringing new methods and tactics to hear ln the conflict
between Capital and Labor, and their
-• By CHRISTIAN SIVBRTZ.
Secretary Victoria T. and L. Counoll.
VICTORIA, July 4.-Three convicts
in Kingston, Ont, who, tn an attempt
'to regain their.liberty, broke jail, but
were recaptured, came up for trial, the
other day, and were each sentenced to
an additional term of nineteen years,
over and above the original sentence,
many yean of which, it appears, were
unexpired.
If there was a spark of •elf-redeem-'
lug manhood still lingering. ln the
minds of these men, It is burled now
nineteen, yeans deep under the unaup-
portable load of twentieth century prison discipline.
Almost the earn, day there oame up
for trial, for forgery, a Toronto broker.
It waa proved that he had committed
over eighty forgeries, by which he managed to appropriate other people's
Sroperty to an amount of some twenty-
ve hundred or three thousand dollars.
He was sentenced to two years' Imprisonment What an awful deal for
British justice!
' J. Havelock Wilson says Socialism
haa made no gains in Great Britain for
the last twenty years. Let ua wait till
J. Kler Hardle comet over this summer
to assist Doha In the United Bute*.
Perhaps he trill bring later newt than
Mr. Wilson's.
The Trades and Labor Council of
Victoria Is taking stent to provide
legal advice on the co-operative plan
to the members of the organised labor
movements. A special committee, to
whom, the matter waa referred, hu
outlined a plan whloh the council hu
approved and referred to the different
unions. The scheme consists of the
formation of a legal defence fund, by
an annual levy of (1 per member per
year, divided into four equal payments
of 10 centa per quarter. Any number
of unions, affiliated or not, oan Join
their efforte. At, toon u the fund ad-
mitt, the counoil or managing committee will secure the services of some
solicitor for an annual retaining fee.
The lawyer will then consider and advise on any matter connected with the
organisation or their members u such.
Something will be don. by th. council respecting conditions of employment in th. larger store, and other
places where young girls aro employed,
A committee was set to work some
uniform success In winning strikes by.
these new tactics and methods fore-, time ago to Investigate, and brought ln
shadows the not tar distant day, when a report at the last meeting of   the
Labor Will act as a unit tor the better,
ment ot all; and the sad spectacle of
one portion of the workers wringing
concessions from the employers, at the
expense of another portion, or all, of
the working due, will be only an unpleasant memory of the past. Speed
the day,
Offtet of B. C. Federatlonist, Labor
Temple.   Phone 3600.
CARPENTERS STRIKE
IN WINNIPEG FOR 55
CENTS PER HOUR WAGE
Amalgamated  Society   Officially
Deny Plans for Merging of
Carpenters' Unions.
The union carpenters of Winnipeg
went on strike on Monday, July 1st
They are demanding a wage of 66
cents per hour, with a fifty-hour week.
AH carpenters are warned to stay away
trom Winnipeg unless they wish to go
there to deliberately scab on those who
are trying to raise the wages of all
carpenters, both union and non-union
alike.
Carpenters' unions of Winnipeg are
not arranging to amalgamate. The
management committee of the Vancouver Amalgamated Carpenters are
officially Informed that no plana are at
this time being considered by their
membership ln Winnipeg for amalgamation with the U. B. of Carpenters ln
that city.
In "A White British Columbia."
Owing to the low wages being paid
on the excavation work of the $1,400,-
000 depot of the C. P. R. ln Vancouver,
the contractors were unable to secure
a sufficient number of white men to
oarry on the work. This difficulty has
now been overcome by the contractors. They have been successful in
inducing about 76 Hindus to go to
work.   "A White B. C." Bunk!
commanding tbe admiration of the
civilized world, when the hoary frost
ot winter has cast its mantle upon the
pale of its members and the once vigorous human machine refuses to respond to the exactions of the employer, tt has a mansion sitting beneath
tbe shadow ot Pike's Peak, where,
amid luxuries found ln no other institution of its kind in the world, the
aged member can spend hla remaining
days, nurtured by fresh air and every
comfort, while his brother members
are contributing to the old-age pension that guards him from want and
Buffering,
Representing such an institution as
this, It Is well that organised labor
might doff Its hat to the First Vice-
President of the International Typographical Union, and feel honored
that a representative of such an organization baits In his routine duties
to take cognizance of so small a matter as two small job offices endeavoring to do what thousands before them
have attempted to do and failed—establish the open shop.
Tbe presence of Mr. Tracy is ln
line with perfect organization—dull
tbe thin edge of the wedge before it
cleaves asunder the body of labor.
A personal study of Mr. Tracy
readily solves the question as to why
he was chosen for the Important position which he now holds. Affable,
keen, and possessing a broad conception of everyday affairs, a striking personality accentuated by perfect poise,
trained in the school ot labor diplomacy he goes armed to meet on a
common ground any Interest antagonistic to the cause he represents,
After remaining a while tn Vancouver he will visit other sections of
Western Canada, giving counsel and
aiding ln more perfectly solidifying organization of the printing craft, Injecting hla mature judgment where
differences exist.
VANCOUVER JOB
PRINTERS' NEW SCALE
EFFECTIVE JULY
Only Two Offices Refuse to Sign
New Agreement—Show-
Down Monday.
At the present time Vancouver Typographical Union, No. 226, is negotiating a new Job printers' scale of
wages. ,
The job scale agreement between
tbe employers and the union expired
on June 30. The new scale calls for
48 hours a week as heretofore, and
128.60 per week for the first year and
$30 for the second year. The old rate
was $26.60 per week. Certain holidays will be charged double price.
Already the proprietors of several
offices have agreed to the new conditions.
A vote was taken at last Sunday's
meeting declaring that the new scale
will go into effect Monday, July 8th.
Following reports regarding tbe
present state of the printing trade
have been received, as follows:
Belllngham—Tbe printing industry
in this city is ln a very bad condition
from tbe standpoint of employed printers. Tbe papers consolidated the first
of the year and since then they have
dropped men from their pay-rolls until they have about reached the limit,
getting out two eight-page papers with
eleven Journeymen and one machine
apprentice. Conditions In the job line
are Improving, three new applications
being secured from men who have
heretofore been out of the union. Wo
expect to have another label shop by
the time this reaches you.
Seattle—There lias not been much,
if any, changes since our last report.
Work In all lines remain very quiet
and the -number of subs showing up
for work is ample to take care of all
in sight.
Walla Walla.—Conditions In Walla
Walla are about the sumo as previous
month; plenty of subs to take care of
extra work.
central body, describing conditions in
one particular establishment. The
council referred the report back, Instructing the committee to make the
scope ot Its investigation and recommendations more general.
"This council shall not, under any
pretence whatever, introduce or discuss
party politics. . . ." The above appears in the constitution of the Trades
and Labor Council of Victoria. The
foundera of our central body very likely
felt that by Including this provision
they had mad. thlt Institution of labor
non-partisan and without a political
bias. It strikes one, however, when
reading this profound cure-all of "poll.
tics In the union" that the noble souls
wbo propounded this constitutional
safeguard were conscious of a well-
developed political bias themselves,
proving that they were equal to the
requirements ot their position and well
ahead of the times. It they had no
political interests to serve or conserve,
why try to prevent others to preserve
their interests as they saw them?
True, the organisation of the workers
was undertaken with the Idea of com
CROTHERS CREATES GOOD
IMPRES8ION AT WINNIPEG
The representatives of organized la-
bor in Winnipeg had an extended interview with Minister of Ubor Crothers on that gentleman's arrival last
week, and laid before him various matters of Interest to their bodies. The
alarming increase In Industrial accidents, the contemptuous attitude of
the management ot the G. T. P. towards the strikers in their machine
shops, ami the refusal of the company
to observe the findings of the board
of conciliation appointed under the
act; the use of the black-list on some
roads, and the eight-hour day were tho
most important subjects discussed.
The minister ln his reply said some
things that have probably made some
employers of labor ask themselveB
whether Crothers Is insane, or Borden,
for putting a man with those ideas ln
that position.
1	
Miners Name J. C. Watters
J. C. Watters, President of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
has been appointed by tbe miners employed by the Inverness Coal ft Coke
Co., at Inverness, N. S. to represent
them on the Board; Finlay MacDonalcl
of Sydney, chairman; Norman Mac
Kenzle, of New Aberdeen; representing the company, and J. C. Watters,
representing the men. The board le
expected to convene ln Inverness
early this month.
HON. T.W. CROTHERS
WILL RETURN HERE
FIRST OF THE WEEK
Hon. T. W. Crotherc, Federal
Minister of Labor, reached Vancouver on Wednesday and left
for Prince Rupert the following
day.
Mr. Crothers has arranged with
H. H. Stevens, M, P., to meet
the executive committee of the
B. C. Federation of Labor on
Tuesday or Wednesday, next
This change of program was
necessitated by circumstances
over which Mr. Crothers had no
control.
The local representatives of
organized labor have in preparation a number of questions that
will be taken up tor discussion
with the head of the Ubor Department upon his return from
the the North.
bluing a great number of awn, of very
divergent views on political tutted,
but who. It wae hoped, could accomplish a substantial betterment ln their
condition and yet remain neutral
among themselves aad to all partita
In mattert of policy and party support,
Thlt wu a natural thing for them to
do twenty-five years ego, la fact, It
wu all that wu needful for the time.
Capital wu then la the throes of
competition within ltt own ranks aad
had not entered politics to the sen.
extent it hu now. But what have we
today! InduMMCov.rlngwhol.eoa>
tinents, governed by aa International
system that provide, for tariff charts.,
whether by railroads or customs rego-
lationt. In Canada today, there Is a
great railroad development plan being
carried out by th. federal u well w
the variant provincial. goverasseata.
Then large works cannot be carried
out without labor, aad herd labor at
that The contractor aad ether employer! of Itbor clamor for a plentiful
supply, and who do they ao to? To
tht labor unlontt well, not exactly.
They go to the government and demand a vigorous Immigration policy.
They are not satisfied with a man for
each Job they have; they want competition among the workera. Are the governments non-parttunT Do they tun
deaf eart to the contractors' demands
for a supply of labor that ensures competition for Jobs, and guarantees the
bote big profits? Well, they say nothing; but they Instruct their immigration agents ln foreign countries and
then abrogate their own regulations,
ostensibly invented for th. benefit of
the workert, and let the ban of tbe
Allen Labor Act down hy an order of
the immigration rules. Seeing that
this it the way the game le played
against the.worker, I claim tbat the
worker should enter the game ln his
own defence.
Moving Picture Operators
Ten proprietors of the. moving picture shows ln Vancouver have served
notice on the operator! of the machines that they mutt either resign
their membership In the union or
their Jobs, Ten theatre, are affected.
The trouble started In the engagement
by one of the theatrea of a man who
had resigned hit membership In the
union, The union proclaimed a boycott, and the employers are taking up
the challenge—u they put It; but to
the man la the street It looks u li
the boot Is on the other foot
J. HAVELOCK WILSON
ADDRESSES MASS MEETING
IN LABOR TEMPLE HALL
President of Greot Seamen's Union Reviews Events of the .
World-wide
J. Havelock Wilton, ex-M. P., gave
sn hour's address laat Saturday evening ln the Labor Temple. In the opening J. H. McVety stated that Mr. Wilson had been Invited to come to
Vancouver by the Trades and Labor
Council, tbe Seamen'a Union and th.
'Longshoremen. He haa been a most
successful worker among the transport
workers throughout Great Britain.
Mr. Wilson is on his way east after an
interesting tour of the land of the
Southern Cross. He It not in the best
of health, but would confine his remarks to trades unionism u president
of the International Seamen's Union of
the World.
Mr. Wilson on rising was greeted
with the applause of tome 600 listeners. He said that h. was not a
stranger here, as he had met several
friends and supporters. One had said
to him, "Hello! Wilson. The lut time
I saw you was at New York." Thlt
friend had helped In hla contest at
Mlddlesboro. "I would like to give an
address that would be useful to trade,
unionism," he said. "Political workera
must get together, or If they do not
they can do nothing. He had been for
33 years a trades unionist, and for 26
years had been the head of the Seamen's Union of Great Britain, About
21 years ago a tidal wave ot trades
unionism had swept the country.
Thousands ot men combined under the
banner called tbe
'New Unionism.'
ClasB distinction should die out and
make for common cause. This movement created quite a boon to labor.
Wages had been Increased 26 and 60
per cent. In 1800 the employers in the
shipping Industry got together and
formed the Shipping Federation, llm-
(Continued on page five)
Back Brand
OVERALLS and SHIRTS
Union-Made
made in
Vancouver
Union-Made
made by
Union Maids
Ask Your Dealer for Them
Price Right; Quality Right
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons
LIMITED
1X70 HOMER ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SATURDAY.
■Julys.»»
Mm Bank of
d Canada n
INCORPORATED 1885
113 Branches in Canada
Paid-up Capital
and Surplus $ 6,550,000.00
Total Assets-   50,000,000.00
Special Attention Given
Savings Accounts
Deposits of $1.00 and
upwards.   received
and interest allowed
at current rates
One Dollar Will Open An
Account
Vancouvar Branch
Hastings Street, Comer of Homer
Opstn Saturday Even-
ItMja 7 to 9
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED IN*
Paid-up Capital,   $   7,500,000
Reserve 8,500,000
Total Assets 114,000.000
WE ALLOW IN-
TEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Eleven Branches  in  Vancouver
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorised - $10,000,000.00
Capital Ptid-tp . 6,000,000.00
RassmFassJ    •    •   6,000^00.00
Interest allowed on deposits
of ONE  DOLLAR and op-
wards FROM DATB OF
DEPOSIT
Mais Office—640 Hastings
Straet West
Hastings and Abbott St
Branch — 84 Hastings
Straet West
Fairview Branoh — 2013
Granville Street S.
Main Street Branoh—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
THE MANGN OFFICES Alt OPEN
8ATUI0AY EVEHINM 7 TI 9
How People Save
More Money
A definite practical plan
for accumulating money
is to deposit a Stated
Sum, each week or
' month, in the
BANK OF
VANCOUVER
It is not so much the
AMOUNT
aa it is the regularity.
Start skit Account With
Va Todar
BANK OF VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER
Secretaries ot all unions ln British
Columbia are' requested to assist The
Federatlonist by acquainting it with
items of interest to wage-workers.
RUPTURE
TRUSSES
Something New
11 If you are ruptured you should
have the best This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Appliance.
Write or Call for Information
Mnte Fitting Rooms
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   p„    694 Richards
6760 llO.        Street    ■
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
1 B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published weekly by The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wage<
workers. 	
Issued every Saturday morning.
Managing Bdlton B. raraater PettipUce
Offlot:    Boon 910, Labor Tempi*
Tel. ley. 3880.
Subscription:    $1.00 per year;   In Vancouver City, 11.26;   to unions subscribing in a body, 75 cents.	
YEARLY ADVERTISING  RATES:
1 inch, per Issue 76c       |0.7fi
2 Inches, per issue 70c 1.40
3 Inches, per Issue 60c 1.80
4 inches, per issue 65c 2.20
6 Inches and upwards 60c 3.60
Transient advertisements, 10c per line;
subsequent Insertions. 5c ner line; 14
lines to the inch.	
Correspondence from unions and union*
ists  Invited.
"Unity of labor; tho hop* of tho world.'
WATCH THE LABEL ON YOUR
PAPER.   If this number Is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
66
SATURDAY July 6,191!
A SERVILE DAILY PRESS.
It is a part of the duty and policy
of the major portion of the dally press
to bring discredit upon union labor
officials at every turn ot the road.
Dissension, If possible, must be
created within the ranks of labor,
This course Is taken in obedience
to the counting-room and ln response
to the unwritten demands of legislators who represent the big employers'
interests.
Once in a while an official of organised labor dares to exercise some of
the privileges freely Indulged ln by
the "better element" In society.
Such opportunities are forthwith
seised upon by the official flunkies of
the employing class ln an endeavor to
wreck and ruin the confidence of the
workers in those who dare to assume
rights conceded to members of the
ruling class.
Law-makers do not write laws to
govern themselves; but for those
whom they govern to obey.
Members ot the working class should
understand this clearly.
The workers have no rights—except
those they take.
When the workers grow tired ot
obeying the law and dictates of the
employing class they are only weary
of complying with the result of their
own actions on each succeeding election day.
When they really get enough ot the
result ot their own political stupidity
they will elect members of their own
class to change the law.
Few capitalists break the law.
They change the law instead.
When the workers get ready to
adopt a similar policy, little time will
be required to do the rest.
Meantime those of the working class
who know better will have to suffer
the consequences along with tbelr
class until such times as a majority
can be compelled to see the necessity
of writing and enforcing laws enacted
by themselves.
parks, outside of Stanley park, the Terminal City is badly in need ot more
open spactB.
THE OLD COURT HOUSE.
The City Council la to be commended
upon the stand It has taken regarding
the question of securing the old court
house site. A committee has been
appointed to appeal to the provincial
government, asking* them to grant
Vancouver this property to be kept at
an open tpace or public park for all
time, and, falling to get this, to negotiate the best .terms possible. The
civic committee comprise Mayor Flndlay and Aldermen Klrkpatrick, Crowe,
Hepburn and Woodside.
The Federatlonist hopes that thia
matter will get the support It deserves.
This Is a people's movement, and no
doubt the local members of the legislature and the park commissioners will
lend their assistance In the right direction. Other public bodies, too, should
be up and doing, for it It In the very
belt interests of Vancouver to have
this ground. The News-Advertiser, tbe
chief government organ, states tbat
there is good reason to hope that the
city will come to some arrangement
with the cabinet at Victoria by wblch
the city will acquire this proposed
park.
By asking tor a free title to this land
the citizens ot Vancouver are only
seeking to get what belongs to them—
though controlled by the attorney-general. Any Increased value of the
property waa due to the growth of the
city, and this fact alone should be a
sufficient reason why Vancouver should
get It '•   , \\\   '
When   It  comes to a  question of
How many union labela have you
on your person?
Do you really think, or do you get
your ideas from the capitalist dally
press?
Do you belong to "the clique that
rune the union"? No) Well, why
not?
A union man wbo would help to
build a jail ought to be compelled to
live in it.
If beer keeps the workers poor,
wouldn't champagne keep capitalists
poorer?
It is fitting that Vancouver policemen should be clothed with scab-made
goods.
Let's see: Does Bob Kelly wholesale
atrawberrles? Or will none of the Water street wholesalers kick ln with
advertising for The Sun?
There's one tough obstacle In the
way of tbe citisens ot Vancouver securing possession of the old court house
site—F. C. Wade la ln favor of tt.
la your sister or daughter working
for $3 a week ln one of Vancouver's
departmental Btores or factories?
Ever wonder why?-
No true union man can consent to
join the bosses' forces for quelling
rebellious workers and be loyal to his
obligation to fellow-unionists.
Somehow nobody cared how the
poor was housed until the socialists,
who are said to be enemies of the
home, took the matter up.".
Always feel charitable towards
tbe fanatio or the union man with one
Idea. They oft times will do necessary work that others are too laty
to do.
The suggestion bas been made that
the postal authorities should Introduce
automobiles to collect tbe mails, and
thereby many more boxes could be located in the city and suburbs.
The function of your union is becoming ever more educational. See
that the members always leave a
meeting knowing more than before
they attended.
There's plenty of room tn the labor
movement for various kinds ot men
and Ideas. Give them all a chance.
It's the man without any Ideas of hit
own who needs a bunch of firecrackers lit beneath him.
The reason you do not own anything
Is tbat you do not own your job. The
only way you can own your job Is to
own the machine with which you work,
and that can be done only through
eel ectlvo ownership.
"Newborn kittens chloroformed from
a penny the litter; the poor free."—
Advt. In Exeter Express, Punch gets
phunny on this and says this is tbe first
real attempt to bring about a better
feeling between the upper and the low.
er classes,
If your union la not represented ln
the central labor body by a full quota
of delegates, see that the vacancies
are filled at next meeting. The council needs live men; absentees are dead
ones.
The workers organised industrially
and politically are Invincible. If you
believe that the workers should have
more of the fruits ot their toll get ln
and work for the awakening of the
workinar class. ' /
The Bank of
Toronto
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important jo you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO Y00
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 8%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    .  B. 0.
working class.
"In the shop there Is no flag. In the
shop thede Is no religion. In the shop
there Is no party. In the shop there It
no nation. In the shop there is only
work and workers. In the shop the
workers get together on the basis ot
their work."
"When a policeman hits a striker be
Is quelling a riot; when the striker hits
back to protect himself he is a rioter.
When thugs are employed to beat up
strikers it is called good business, but
when a striker bits a strike-breaker it
la a crime. If you put the grease from
the sewerage In butter and sell it, It Is
called good business; but If a striker
puts kerosene ln the custard it Is
sabotage."—Rose Pastor Stokes.
When a county court judge In Vancouver is commanded to "move on" by
a policeman and refuses, he is summonsed—and the police gets busy explaining It away, When a member of
an "unlawful assembly" resents being
knocked off the curb, while waiting for
a car, he Ib hurried off to the police
station and refused an opportunity to
secure ball.   Oreat la tbe law!
When a member of or a press apologist for the employing class gets
pickled at the club, the police lead him
to an auto and direct the driver to his
home. When a worker goes to the saloon, his only home or club,' and fills
up on beer, he Is promptly hurried to
the police station—the only thing the
workers build and live In. Tbere'a no
classes in this country. No slree?
While the workers are taking a
"mental rest" the politicians are putting it all over them, at the same time
administering more dope to keep them
sleepy. Wouldn't it be an awful thing
if the workers should suddenly decide
that they weren't satisfied to live a
life of work and sleep only but that
there are better things ln life which
the workers could get If they hook the
idling capitalists oft their backs? It
sure would!
The capitalists keep so much of the
product of the machines run by the
workers that by and by they cannot
sell It all and they find It piling up on
their shelves. Then they, of course,
need not so many workers to produce
as before and some are "laid off"—
you know what that Is—until times
plok up," These "picking up" times
are becoming less and less frequent,
and when they do occur they last for
ever shorter periods of time, so that
the suffering among the working class
Is Intense.
Among the "Signs of the Times" in
Spain, the Madrid "El Boclallsta"
statce the experience tbat "notwithstanding the unfavorable atmosphere
that, due to the stupidities of the rulers and the cowardice of the capitalists, envelops economic lite ln Spain,
It is comforting to notice how from
day to day the labor organizations are
gaining ground—how they are steadily perfecting themselveB, and conquering such modest improvements as they
oan aspire to within their narrow confines."
. Wage-workers in Vancouver who can
constitutionally get tbelr names upon
ths civic voters' list should not tail to
see that their names are placed on the
roll at once. In order to do so the
city hall must be visited ln person, the
only place where registration is possible. The hostility of the majority ot
the present administration should convince any one of the necessity for such
action. Next January every office
within the gift of Vancouver city will,
in all probability, be contested by a
wage-workers' ticket. The necessity,
therefore, of wage-workers getting
their names placed upon the civic
voters' list will be apparent.
There la only one way for the workers to end all this, and that Is to ORGANIZE. There are two fields upon
whloh the workers must organise—the
political field and the industrial field,
They must organize politically to capture the government so as to manipulate tt in the interest of humanity, and
on the Industrial field, ln the right
way, to at to fight for better conditions and In the end run the industries
for their own benefit, wblch they will
do by owning them. As the produce
of the tools of production Ib the property of those who own the tools, the
workers must secure control of the
machinery of production and thus Inaugurate a ayttem ot wealth and happiness for all.
If all tbe people, all together, owned
all the machines—at today the great
majority of the people operate the machine!—they would own also all that
those machines produced and they
would have plenty of everything and
to spare. There Ib no question today
that enough cannot be produced for
all. One man can today produce with
the aid of the machine, far more than
waa ever dreamt of before. The question Is not, "How shall we produce
enough?" We are already producing
enough. The question Is, ."Who shall
own this wealth which has been and is
being produced?—those who produce
it or those who own the machines by
which it Is produced?"
When the workers become dlscon-
tended and they go on strike, tbe
forces of government are turned
against them to make them be quiet In
their slavery. The capitalists and
their newspapers do not want to admit that the bad conditions have bred
discontent, so they lay the blame at
the door of someone who is active ln
having the wrongs ot the workers
righted. Then tbey cause the police
to arrest the striken for picketing,
etc,, and they make their judges send
the strikers to Jail. Sometimes they
even call out the militia to shoot the
workers on strike, make tbelr mayors
and chiefs of police prevent the work-
ers from exercising their right to free
speech.
With our great iron machines today
producing a hundredfold more than
our forefathers could in their crude
way, every person ln the world ought
to be Insured of a comfortable life.
Every person would be, too, If those
machines were not owned by a few
men as their private property. Being
their private property, the produce of
the machines Is also the private prop,
erty of these few men, and being
theirs, others cannot use It even
though they be starving and naked.
That is why we hear of and see people
starving in the streets at the same
time that the stores filled with food
That is why we see unemployed men
shivering on' the streets ln the winter
time with half enough clothes to keep
them from freezing outright while at
the same time the clothing stores are
filled with warm suits and overcoats,
—The People.
Between Ourselves
AN AFFAIR OF HONOR
FOR EVERY WORKMAN
August BebeL honored by the work.
Ing class of Germany, at one time gave
expression to the following: "Tbe time
will come when every, worker will con
elder It as a matter of course, aa a
matter ot honor, to belong to his or
ganizatlon ln order to Increase Its efficiency. To the organized workers only
belongs the future of the world; they
will be standard bearers of a new era,
the fighters for a better and juster
order of all our social relations; they
form the foundation for the organization of a society, ln which there will
be neither suppressors nor suppressed,
neither exploiters nor exploited."
Palntert Lootl 13S.
At our last meeting a resolution
endorsing tbe principles ot industrial
unionism were adopted by a vote of
sixty-seven to one, Two new mem-
bers Initiated and over seventy-six
members present,, shows that the
"miners" are about the llvest union
in the building trades at the present
time. Aa you are no doubt aware, our
members work ln union shops only.
We have no apologies to offer and
none are required. Trade Is fair and
some members Idle. We are pleased
to see that the city council Is Investigating the merits of the proposed
amendments to the health by-laws tn
re the removal of old paper or calcimine from walls or ceilings before
being re-papered or calclmlned.
Our donation to the defense fund of
the Kruz vs. Crow's Nest Pass Coal
company, In re the Workmens' Compensation Act case, amounted to $17.30
and a cheque for the amount has been
sent to the secretary-treasurer of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Conada.
Clgarmakers' Union.
One of the oldest unionists of this
province is Charles O. Copeland, cl-
garmaker. He served his apprenticeship at Liverpool and joined the Liverpool Clgarmakers' Mutual Protection
Association ln June, 1865—47 years
ago, He has been a continuous member ever since. Arriving at Brooklyn,
N. Y„ ln 1869, he deposited bis'card
with the Clgarmakers' International
Union of America. Mr. Copeland is
one of the old school trades unionists
and after travelling all over the United States, located at "Victoria ln 1898.
Three years later be came to Vancouver, where he has since resided. Hla
faith ln his union la as strong as ever.
The Baker*.
The bakers' organization has been
doing wonders ln the past year. The
fact that it stands for sanitary conditions, and its label Is a guarantee ot
auch conditions, has won public approval so tbat the campaign for union
bread In every city Is In part conducted by the consumers.
Why should the bakery workers organize? Because the organization, the
union, is the only means for the emancipation of the workers, trom dependence and misery for the working people. The Individual standing alone Is
defenseless and powerless at the mercy of the employers and torevr facing
the danger of unmployraent and misery. The working class ln Its union
Is Invincible. They can conquer the
world, If they are united,,
The circulation of The Federationist
Ib creeping up. With last Issue the
weekly edition was a month old. Inside another month the Federationist
will contain eight pages, If the unionists of British Columbia kick ln with
enough subs. The fuzzy-balred steno.
is waiting,
• *   *
On July 1st The Federationist becomes the property of The B, O. Federatlonist, Ltd., a private Joint stock
company, the stock of whloh is owned
jointly by tbe Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council, and tbe B. C. Federation of Labor,
• •   * '
The Federatlonist la now completing
Its fourth year of publication, first as
a monthly, under the title ot Western
Wage-Earner, seven months as a semimonthly and one month as a tour-page
weekly. It hss paid its Way from tbe
first issue, and IS now on a paying
basis. There has been no desire to
make a profit. Every cent has been
re-invested In increasing Its usefulness
to the labor movement. The next forward step proposed by the board of
control is to increase the site to eight
pages. With the additional space thus
provided It will be possible to add new
features of interest to its Increasing
number of readers. Later on tbe ttaff
will be augmented and The Federation-
1st will strive to become the "best
labor paper ln Canada."
• •   •
If The Federatlonist Is to grow; If It
Is to meet the needs and requirements
of the unionists of Western Canada, It
must have the hearty cooperation of
every unit ot Its owners—now the
16,000 organised wage-workers of British Columbia Tbe only limitation of
what The Federatlonlst's present managing board of directors Is prepared to
do Is that of finance. The only financing needed is a bumper mailing list.
You know tbe rest do It!
• •   •
Ten sub. cards for (7.50; pay when
sold.  Order ten today!
«.-♦'■■•
Sandon Miners' union kicks In with
17,50 for ten Fed. sub. cards, and
threatens to do It some more.
• •   •
J. W. Wilkinson holds the record
for securing Fed. readers last week;
13 of 'em in one day. B. D. Grant is
right behind him, and the way the
Royal City boys are giving a concrete
expression of appreciation of The Fed.
makes one feel "like going on."
• •   •
L. H. Burnham keeps handing ln
Bub. cards at a rate that causes the
flaxen-haired steno. to make eyes at
him.
• •   •
. John McMillan never overlooks an
opportunity to increase the mailing
list of The Fed. One every day is his
goal.
• •   •
If the subs, come in at the present'
rate tor a month there'll be nothing
to that eight-page Fed.
STREETRAILWAY EMPLOYEES
IN THE B. C. CAPITAL CITY.
According to a Victoria correspondent ln the Motorman and Conductor,
the Capital City Streetrallway Bm
ployees are sound asleep, and fall tc
awake in time to attend their own
union meetings. Yet the same correspondent Is finding fault with tbe
unionists in the central labor body
who Insist upon giving evidence ot lite
and vlrllty. As a general rule in the
labor movement only those survive
who are fit to survive. "They come
early and they stay late .  .  .  ."
VICTORIA WANTS LABOR DAY
CELEBRATION THIS YEAR.
Reports from the Capital City indicate that the unionists over the gulf
are bent upon scouring a Joint, celebration of Labor Day by the coast
cities. The question it now being discussed by Vancouver'! central labor
body executive, but as yet no definite
decision has been reached.
Two Million Too Muoh Yet.
' How would you like to be compelled
to worry along on 11,860,000 a year?
That Is all parliament will allow King
George ln future. The poor fellow will
be forced to practice rigid economy In
order to keep within auch a plebeian
Income. Just think ot It, a king reduced to such poverty by an ungrateful
parliament after he has permitted
them to live ln the same country with
him.        	
Sheet Metal Workers No. 280.
All members working and buay organizing among non-unionists in the
city. A number of the non-union shops
have applied to us for men, but, owing
to the demand for competent mechanics by the union shops, we have been
unable to supply them with the help
they wanted, believing ln supplying
our friends first; the other people
come afterwards.
Valus of Organisation.*
The school teachers of the city hsve
been shown the value of organisation
as a means of protecting themselves.
A protest from one or two teachers
would have little effect, but when the
institute, representing the whole ot
the members of the local staff, uses
its Influence, they obtain what they
want, They are adopting trade union
methods. While they would, many of
them, at any rate, object to affiliating
with a union, they have In fact shown
that their Insttute Is a union in everything but name. They are becoming
progressive.—Victoria News.
Reglns Slrsetrsllwsy Employees.
Reglna division of the Streetrallway
Employees' Association has Installed
the following aa officers for the ensuing term in their new union: President, Bro. James Regan; vice-president, Bro. James Giles; financial secretary, Bro. William Bangs; recording
secretary, Bro. William Ellison; corresponding secretary, Bro. F. V.
Evans; conductor, Bro. Chas, J, Mor
gan; warden, Bro. Norman Patterson;
sentinel, Bro. Henry Vermllyea; executive board, Bros, James Regan, William Strong, Alfred Williams, Geo. M.
Johnson, Chas. J. Morgan.
Elavstor Constructors.
Trade Is fairly good and one firm
ln the city has imported some men
from Portland, while some of the local
members are Idle, The only pleasing
feature about It is that the men
shipped in are union men. This is the
sort of thing we have to stand for
when we are doing our best to improve the working conditions ot our
own people. However, we are content
to wait, and a number of these so-
called "fair" firms round this burg will
get theirs some fine day when they
least expeet it
UROiM every department of our new,
J big store, the pruning knife is being
applied. ^ Whenever opportunities offer
prices are being cut to the limit, jd From
every nook ana corner goods which have
been mislaid or neglected' are being
brought forward to be sacrificed in this
grand clearance sale. 1$ The reputation
of this store for selling goods of quality
at money-saving prices will become
more apparent. i| From day to day we
shall tell you many of the values which
await you. (| But besides these every
piece of furniture will have a special
price based on an average of 20 per
cent discount, (f All carpets and rugs
will be similarly reduced.
The crockery and hardware
departments will have an
endless variety of bargains,
while our grocery, fruit and
provision departments will
save you  many  a dollar.
Remember we have
Everything for
the Home
Merchandise of Quality
-IN-
Carpets
Floor Coverings
Draperies
Kitchen
Hardware
Crockery and
Glassware
Groceries
Fresh Meat
Delicatessen
Fruits
And Provisions of Every Description
THE
H. A. Etfgett
CO., LIMITED
Corner Pender and Cambie Streets
Phone Exchange 5868 m
'I   SATORDAY July 6,1912
THE BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAOE THBD
The 1912
INDIAN
Motorcycle
The Indian Motorcycle is the Ideal
Machine for the Business Man
The Motorcycle of Quality, Material, Speed and Workmanship.
The Records of the Past are Good Enough Evidence
It represents the acme of perfection as far as Speed, Power snd Reliability are concerned.
It amply fulfils the wants of the public, whose requirements have not
received the attention they deserve.
The winner of The Tourist Trophy, held in July, 1911, on the Isle
of Man, England.
W.H. MORRISON
108 Hastings St. East Phone Sey. 2794
Agents for Massey-Harris Bicycles and Indian Motorcycles
Every Factor of Typewriter Supremacy
Belongs to the
Remington
The superior strength snd durability of the Remington snd its greater reliability
under every condition of service have always been recognized.
In sddition, every contribution to recent typewriter improvement has been a
Remington contribution. The First Column Selector, the First Built-in
Decimal Tabulator, the First Key-Set
Tabulator and the First Adding and
Subtracting Typewriter are four recent
Remington improvements, every one of
which constitutes s mile stone in typewriter progress.
Visible
Models
10 and 11
Remington Typewriter Company
818 PENDER STREET WEST
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry     -
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$1 PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) m
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply lo
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
The Beer Without
a feer
one
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited
THE URGENT NEED OF AN
EDUCATIONAL LABOR PRESS
By O. H. LOCKWOOD.
The people are not fools—the trouble with then! is that they know a lot
of things that ARE NOT SO.
Bight now the most important work
to do Is to DESTROY CONFIDENCE
IN THE CAPITALIST prfESS.
The capitalist press bas already
started the Job ln good shape. There
are hundreds of thousands of people
who no longer believe what they see
"writ," jUBt because it is "writ."
But there are still hundreds ot
thousands, aye millions, who believe
every blessed thing they read In the
capitalist papers, even tho the falsity
ot the statements are so glaring that
the slightest knowledge of the real
factB would prove them so.
The trouble is that so many people
take only one paper, or one "kind" ot
papers, that have little opportunity
to get tbe "other side" of the controversy, or even to know there is a controversy.
The WORKING CLASS MUST BE
WEANED PROM THE CAPITALIST
PRESS!
Millions of working men are still
"listening to their master's voice"
through there mouthpieces of the wage
system, and they are kept constantly
MISINFORMED on all the questions
of vital Importance to the working
class.
I do not say that the working class
should cease to read the capitalist
papers—It is, perhaps, wise that we
continue to read them in order to understand what they are up to, with regard to the labor movement. BUT—I
DO SAY THAT WE SHOULD NO
LONGER BELIEVE THEM, when it
comes to questions of Importance to
the working class, for ifwe do we are
sure to be trapped into, believing what
IS NOT SO, and again I reiterate that
this Is just the trouble with the masses
of the people today.
Here Is another point worth careful
consideration—1 have said that the
people are not fools—that they know
a lot of things that are NOT SO,—I
wish to add to this that they KNOW
A LOT OP THINGS THAT ARE SO
—BUT UNIMPORTANT. And, having
their minds with tbe really UNIMPORTANT things it keeps them trom
filling their minds with the really IMPORTANT things that pertain to their
economical welfare.
Nine working men out of ten today
can tell you more about baseball than
they can about economics. Some of
them know by heart the "batting averages" of all the so-called great players,
while others can give you the complete
history of nil the prize fighters on the
mat, while still others are up on the
"ponies," and not a tew are posted on
the stars and satelltes of the theatrical
world.
These things are all right for recreation—but when a working raan fills
his mind with such dope—to the ex-
elusion of an actual and positive knowledge of the fundamental economic situation that effects himself, his family
and his CLASS, then they become
vicious and dangerous.
The crying need of the hour is that
the working class shall STUDY AND
UNDERSTAND THE GREAT ECONOMIC PROBLEM OP THE CLASS
STRUGGLE. To do this much time
must be given to the subject, NOT
READING THE CAPITALIST PRESS
WITH ITS HALF TRUTHS AND UN
TRUTHS—but the reading of the
BOOKS MAGAZINES AND PAPERS
OF THE WORKING CLASS MOVE
MENT—the most remarkable literature
of any In the world movement.
The capitalist press NEVER admits
its allegiance to the employing class;
It always PRETENDS TO GIVE BOTH
SIDES—but. In this giving of "both
sides"—It always gives itself away, to
thoBe who are informed—But to those
who are NOT INFORMED on the workers side—FROM THE WORKERS
THEMSELVES—it carries weight, and
helps to fool the people, and this is its
REAL MISSION today.
It the capitalist press would come
out openly nnd oppose the workers, the
workers would at once get wise, and
commence to cancel their subscriptions, nnd that would never do, the employing class would not stand for such
a program for .a moment. It is absolutely necessary that the capitalist
press have WORKING CALSS readerB,
consequently Its pretense of giving
"both sides."
But does it give both sides? MOST
ASSUREDLY NOT. It gives only such
purtB of both sides ns will help to carry the favor of the employing class—
or at least to DELUDE THE UNINFORMED. The capitalist presB Is A
TOOL OF THE EMPLOYING CLASS,
Its chief means of FOOLING the people Into a continued support of the cap-
Itnllst system.
It Ib In this "both side" attitude that
tho capitalist press is dangerous, for
It really fools the people Into the lin
presslon that It really DOES give both
sides.
Tho capitalist press Ib ln a very pe-
cnllar position position. It MUST PRE-
TEND TO GIVE BOTH SIDES—but
in reality glvo only ono Bldo of the
great labor problem. Its mission Is
to POOL THE PEOPLE ALL of tho
time, or fool us many an It can.
Tho so-cnllod "labor press"—that Is
still working on the "community of
Interests" Idea, must also play tho
same same role as the employer Ib an
unreliable source of Information for a
man cannot servo TWO MASTERS
neither can a paper,—or an ORGANIZATION.
The only reliable press to give the
full truth In nil matters vitally effecting the lives of the working class Is
the LABOR PRESS. Here there is
no pretense of giving BOTH sideB,
The labor press gives the side of the
WORKERS—it Is the only Bide worth
giving. In the great struggle between
the robber class and the robbed, the
labor press takes tho Bide of the robbed, the economically exploited working clnss-and It Is ABOUT TIME
THE WORKING CLASS lined up behind the labor press—and let the employing class support their Own Press.
Get that?
Speaking of the capitalist press we
naturally mean the large metropolitan
papers owned nnd controlled by tho
large capitalists or their sympathizers
and pliant tools.
In the smaller places there are
many thousands of papers that are
really between "the devil and the deep
sea." They aro often owned by men
of very small means, not at all to bo
classed with the "real master," men
whose real personal interests should
be with the working class.
These papers are In a very unenviable position, for they will be damned
if they do—and damned If they don't.
When they take the side of the workers the capitalist axe fails on their
neck ln the shape of withdrawal of
"advertisement" patronage. And the
capitalists are not slow in personally
indicating their disapproval and ln
various ways making it hot for offending sheets, even to the extent of
putting them out of business if tbey
wish.
When they take sides with the employing class, then the Informed members of the working class—and they
are growing In numbers daily—commence to get after their goat, and have
no small power to make things decidedly unpleasant, to say the least;
besides the withdrawal of the working
class support is quite as serious as the
withdrawal of the employing class,
These papers are in just the same
position as the preacher who has members of the working class In his church.
His attitude on any question that vitally effects either clasB Is necessarily
a "straddle"—that Ib unless he has the
courage to stand for the truth regardless am criticism or censure, and very
few have.
Now here is the fact—HE WHO
IS NOT FOR US IS AGAINST US.
In this transition period, while tbe
working class Is becoming conscious of
its own Interests, it Is not possible for
the comparatively small number to
destroy the capitalist press. It is not
wise for them to boycott it, as ln this
way they are not able to keep Informed
as to what the capitalist press is doing. The beat they can do is to kick
—to protest vigorously directly to
these small-fry papers whenever they
misrepresent the labor situation. In
this way they can, ln a measure mitigate the harm the press may do— and
ln the meantime forge ahead with their
program of educating the workers until they all become class conscious-
then they will have also developed a
press of their own, and will be easily
able to force every paper to TAKE
SIDES.
Many of the "both sides" papers may
be won over to the working class side.
The evolution of Industry is fast making "advertising" of capitalist trust
products unnecessary. A paper can ex*
1st without advertising—but it can't
exist without readers. And the working class must ever be the readers for
the capitalist papers—if they have any.
For this reason the working class Is
not without power, and If this power
Is rightly used the capitalist press can
be made to feel it even to the extent
of modifying its policy.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTRO-
TVPER8.
Vancouver Union, No, 88, was or
ganized on July 16,1907, with tbe following charter members: O. Home-
wood, R. Crawford, O. Bayley, J, Mo
Klnnon, W. Bayley and I. Healey.
Chas. Bayley was elected president
and C. Homewood secretary. This union Is fully organised and bas bad a
recognised scale of wages since its
continued existence. The International pays $100 towards the burial fund.
Following are the officers for 1912:
President, H, J. Smith; flnanolal secretary, H. Jealouse; recording secretary, W. Bayley; sergeant-at-arms, H.
Woodbury. The executive board comprise E. KIbo, C. Bayley, J. McKinnon.
The union meets the second Wednesday ln each month at the Labor Temple.
STREET RAILWAYMEN,
Division No. 134, Street Railway Employees, was granted a Charter Jan.
19, 1900. Said Charter being granted
by tbe Amalgamater Association of
Street and Electric Railway Employees of America, with headquarters at
Detroit, Mich. W. D. Mahon, International President.
Of the charter members none are
now in active membership. Two are
In responsible situations with the employing company, two met with fatal
accidents at their posts of duty, and
were deeply mourned; another Is enjoying a well-earned rest in the even
ing of life. Division No. 101, Vancouver; No. 109, Victoria and No. 184,
New Westminster, all belong to one
association and when necessity aslses
they are not divisions, but stand as
one. The welfare ot one Is the concern of all. As employees of the B,
C. E. Railway Company they have
been fortunate ln never having had
any serious trouble which Is a very
good record for twelve years business
as a labor organization. Division No.
134 has passed the 400 mark in membership and is still growing. It is affiliated with the A. P. of L., the Trades
Congress of Canada, the B. C. Federation of Labor nnd the New Westminster Trades and Labor Council.
It has also a good slice of stock in the
local Labor Temple and its President
Ib vice-president of that company.
While the Local has no sick or death
benefits the Association bas an old
age, disability and death benefit
scheme, which was extended ln January last, rising to a sum of {800 for
8 years membership. Tbe Division
meets ln the Labor Temple, corner
Seventh Street and Royal Avenue, on
the second and fourth Tuesday of
every month at 8 p.m.
Printer's Ink, the recognized authority on advertising questions, nfter a
thorough Investigation on the subject,
says:
"A Labor Paper is a far better
advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper ln comparison
with circulation. A Labor Paper,
for example, having 2,000 subscribers, Is more valuuble to the
business man who advertises In
It than nn ordinary paper with
5,000 subscribers."
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF
MACHINISTS, NO. 182.
This union has been In continuous
existence since May 27,1891, the charter members of which were: Geo.
Taylor,' O. Skeffington, W. J. Beer, S.
P. Fraser, J. Hurliman, W. Davies,
John Flett, T. H. Obldfe, W. Hal-
dane, Chas. Hanbury, Alex. Wilkes, R.
B, Farwell, chas. McParlane, John
Morriseth, F. Hathgeber.
The International body, with wblch
It has always been affiliated, pays
strike and mortuary benefits to the
membership. The names ot the present
officers are: Robt, Thomson, president; C. Martinson, vice-president; J,
Brooks, secretary-treasurer; Jas. H.
McVety, financial secretary. The union meets ln room 301, Labor Temple.
MUSICIANS' UNION.
Tbe Musicians' Mutual Protective
Union, Local No. 145, A. F. of M., was
formally organised on May 25, 1901.
The charter members were: F. W,
Dyke, C. Frey, J. H, Smith, Horace W.
Harpur, W. H. Harper, W. Brand, R.
Chance, F. T, Cope. The first officers
were: C. Frey, F. W. Dyke, F. T. Cope,
W. Brand. The union has been ln continuous existence ever since, and
has now a large membership. A
local mortuary benefit of $75 4s
provided for deceased members. The
present officers are: J, Bowyer, president; F. A. English, vice-president;
Chas. P. Ward, secretary; Wm. Fowler, treasurer; J. T. Lawson, master-at-
arms; Chas. Rannie and C. P. Howett
on tbe executive. The headquarters
of the musicians' union is at 040 Rob-
son street.
SOCIALISM THRIVES IN GERMANY
In a monarchist and aristocratic
country the principles of Socialism
have behind them the emotional forces
that have won the long battles for political liberty in England and by Inheritance in the United States.' Free
thinkers find ln It a new theology, and
as a projected system of government
and political economy It engages the
hopes and the imaginations of those
who see tbe failures and limitations
of the things that are. I know nothing like German Socialism In the politics of other countries, for the grip
HOSTS VANCOUVER—and Harrows
Bridge. 41-foot lot* one block from
the waterfront In D.L. 1B3, price 1550,
ciuarter cash, balance in 6, 12 and 18
months. Building lots ln North Vancouver, from $260 and up, on easy
terms. Whltaker & Whltaker, "The
North Vancouver Experts," 430 Howe
Street, Vancouver. Phone Seymour
7949.
Some wit has remarked, after observing tho turkey trot dance, that. It
Is one where the turkey displays n lot
of white meat and very little dressing.
PROF. S. J F. STRANACH
Campbell's Clothing
 is honest clothing
IT stands tor rest valne in quality of cloth, trimmings and workmanship—and ie gaarantced to
keep its shape.
Just take a look at your own. Does it fit on the
shoulders and around the collart Hag it held its,
proper shape in front t That is where Campbell'l
(nothing stands in a class by itself, list us show tub,
sT*Viqi'ViKjii-,o flfc Campbell Clothing Man
UnamDerS^ Hastings Street East
'■*<,'
Get Your Money's Worth
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
/
Honest and Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W.J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from  9 a. m.  to 8 p. m.
RING   UP   SEYMOUR   2354   FOR   APPOINTMENT
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
DR. &RETT ANDERSON
DENTIST
Bank if Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
't doubt It.   Hoa.l '_	
Cure of a Wife" and "The Itoynl Itonil
to Holl" (Grave). Price 50c, sold nt
book stores. Mental Development [
Glasses, 5Ur., Tuesdays and Fridays
at fi p.m. Don't despair concernting
your heitltli anil that of your door
oiten. .
Call 561 Granville Street |
Phone Sey. 81221,
It has on the thoughts and emotions
of the men who have equal rights within the party. The party organisation
is quite extraordinary, extraordinary
for immediate results in tbe campaign
and more for the long look ahead. The
mothers and fathers are persuaded
that, while material ease and happy
Boclal conditions will most likely never
be theirs, their children may win them
if they know how to take hold ot the
levers that the Socialist Party otters
to their hands. Therefore, the child
must learn the meaning of Socialism,
and all that it may do for himself and
his class. Socialist mothers under-
take to put their children on the path-
Numerous little stories and romances
with a Socialist moral are In circulation for young people, and the Socialist lecturer, with magic lantern enter
tains and Informs. Dramatic and operatic performances, with Socialist motive, are given in all cities of importance. Pictures, texts and mottoes with
the party thrill ln them are on the
walls of half a million dwellings. The
party owns 76 dally newspapers, a
preBs association, several Illustrated
periodicals, and 57 publishing houses.
The literature, including a consider
able range of non-Socialistic books, Is
Immense. The party has 200 central
circulating libraries and 377 branches.
Tho management ot the party acts up.
on the principle that all stimulating,
scientific, poetic, philosophic and ro.
mantle literature advances the cause.
A variety of special books, designed to
detract from the reverence and respect for the emperor taught In the
schools, ore circulated. They are written boldly, yet with caution sufficient
to keep them within the laws against
lese majesto and sedition.—Scrlbnor'B,
"Horse Sense."
Those who prise grammatical accuracy and tbe fine construction ot
sentences above good Judgment ant
intelligence of purpose—or, In other
words, to use a popular phrase, "common horse sense"—may not find too
much to admire In the discussions at
the council meetings. But to others
there Is much tbat deserves favorable
comment There is the perseverance
ot men who are fighting an up-hill
fight. There Is tbe feeling—tome-
times unconscious—that they are attempting to solve problems that were
pressing for solution before their day
and generation, and that will still be
unsolved after they have passed from
the active stage. They know that
reforms are not the work of a day,
and are broad-minded enough to try
almost any lawful method to accomplish their purpose, so they are
not elated by a victory, and baring
faith ln the ultimate triumph of their
cause they quietly accept defeat
Their views are broadened by the
Influences tbat surround every progressive agitation. Though often subjected to abuse from those whom they
Indirectly and even directly benefit,
they act on the defensive with spirit
and continue In their way to help
along the social evolution of the
age.
Union Forces Federating.
In accordance with tbe decision of
the Atlanta convention of the A. F.
of 1,„ tho Amalgamated Woodworkers
have fused with the United Brotherhood or Carpenters and Joiners of
America, and have thus gone out of
existence as an Independent body.
Will Make You An Excellent Home
1J We have the only genuine article-only twenty-eight miles from
Vancouver P.O. and convenient to tram and good roads. An old
estate just being subdivided. % We know you will buy on sight,
so we will be pleased to take you out any day by auto to see.
Wo have lookod the ground over carefully oursolvcB, and do not lipnitnto to say Hint, it is the
best we have over had tho pleasure in offering to tho public.
Wo may not have an aero left by July 1st, so come abonco and arrange for what you need.
Notarios, Conveyancers,   Insurance
Loans
J. Z. Hall & Co., Lta.
Established 1890
731 Hastings St W
Vancouver; B. C.
L
_L
i.i^^e r
PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SATURDAY July 6,1912
1 -'
3
f-
\
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
' fl When you buy your suits
trom us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
4 In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HASTINGS ST. EAST
VANCOUVER.    B. C
I have a few choice Lots (or
sale on easy terms in
SouthVancouver
and Burnaby
They are low in
price, within the
reach of any wage-
worker seeking a
home
Call at my office or phone
-J.1-..^». L, "	
Bey.   1889  for appointment
DAVID B.
BOYD
6 WINCH BLDG.
VANCOUVER,    -    -   B.O.
"Meet Me Face to Face"
SUITS
that will fit and
-,-,.£   GENT'S
' Furnishings
that please and prices right
A. J. PERIARD
185 Hatatsnsja Straet E.
"\
THEATRE
The Home of High-Class
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
»■*-.....
The Progressive
Shoe Repair Co.
447
DUNSMUIR
STREET
Open till 8:15 Evenings
QQWITH
THE,
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
Ask Tour auBsr for
BRISCOLINE
That delightfully refreshing after
{ shave creara.
a. o. >Amans uvmr oo.
WhotettU sue StatUl.
SIT BOBIOW  STBB1T
Fhone SXyaoM 4401
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"»• aieyelt with tbe aepatatum"
Full "lie of accessories
Repail-Jromptly executed
• :<mm •». a,
JStyawut Tjjjj	
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
B. C. FEDERATION OP LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1912-13: Presl-
&«"> J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents.
Seoi,AV,B.';!''', a "• Qrnnt. J- H. McVety,
ft. P. Petllplece, J. Roberts, C. Siverlz
,,• ,T.'.',ylu,V; sco.-treas., V. It. Mldgley,
Hex UM, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets first and third Thursdays.
tix^K!,vc »on«1: J- W. Wilkinson, John
McMillan, R. Parm Pettipiece, Jas.
Campbell, R. L. Gardner, Fred A. Hoover. J. Kavanagh, J. H. McVety, S. Ker.
nlghan,
BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL—MEETS
every Friday. President. J. Kavanagh; vice-president, J. nitron: business
»?cnt, 3. McMillan, Room 208. Sey.
8406.   Hours, S to 9, 12 to 1, 4:30 to 6.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
d™^ ^"'V0?"11 M°nday ln month.
President, E. .Tarman; vice-president,
P 0*1     if    ""crotary, A. H. England.
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHER S',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System. Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday in month, Room 204, Local
chairman, J, F. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec.-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 432. or 1003 Burrard street.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety James Brown, Edward Lothian.
James Campbell, J. \V. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece John McMIHnn Murdock Mc-
Keiizlo. Managing director, J. H. Mc-
Vety, Room 211.    Sev. 0300.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
penters nnd Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent,. J. a, Key:
office hours, 8 to 0 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m!
.Secretary of management committee,
wm. Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
nesclay In Room 304.
BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' LO-
cal No. 40—Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President, McCur-
faeli! treasurer. H. Loaworthy; secretary. (7).   Sey. 8360.
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 120—MEETS
first and third Wednesdays, 8:30 p.m.
President. C. E. Herrltt; recording sec
detary, Geo. W. Isaacs: secretary-business agent, C. P. Burkhart, 439 Abbott
Street.   Sev. 2170.
BARTENDERS' LEAGUE NO. 67«—
Meets Brat and third Sundays of
each month, 2:30 p.m., Room 302. Presl.
dent, Chas. Lehr: secretary, Richard Dal-
ton;   treasurer,   Wm.   Mottlshaw.    Sey.
STIRRING MESSAGE TO
VANCOUVER WAGE-WORKERS
BROTHERHOOD     OP     CARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No. 187—Meeta
every Wednesday, 7:30 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m.
President, Murdo McKenzle; recording
secretary, Geo. C. Lestey; financial Bee-
retary, L, H. Burnham.    Bey. 1380.
'BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS
,«nDand, miners. South Vancouver, No.
13S!,~;MeetH StajiWs hall, Fraser and
Fiftieth avenues, first and third Tuesdays of-each month. President, E. Hall,
£ei"ar Cottage; recording secretary. E,
H. Belsey, 263 Tenth avenue east; financial secretary, J. A. Dickenson, South
Vancouver, P. O.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
»„,. —Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President. James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
53; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, "W. S. Dagnall, Room
215.    Sey. 8799.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meeti first and third Mondavs, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 353 Cordova East;
-ecretary, A. Fraser. 1151 Howe Street.
CIGARMAKRRS' LOCAL, NO, 357—
Meets first Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J. Craig; secretary, J, C. Peuser. Kurtz Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS*, LOCAL NO
213—Meets every Monday, 8 p.m.
President, H. B. Durant; recording secretary, B. 8. Morris; financial secretarv,
H. Lauder; treasurer, Sam Cawker; husl-
ness agent, E. L. McMillan, Room 207.
ELECTRICAL -WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
021 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday. Room 205, 8 p.m. President, H.
Comnton; recording secretary; L. Ri
Salmon: treasurer and business agent,
F. L. Estlnghausen, Room 202.
GLASS WORKERS' LOCAL. NO. 40—
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President. Bro. Fox; secretary, Chas. Roberts; treasurer, Bro.
Beaver.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182t-MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 o.m.
President, Robt. Thompson; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 6360.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANOERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday. 7:30 p.m. President, W. J.
Nagle; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Rohson street; recording secretary,
Skene Thomson, Sub. P.O. No. 8; treasurer, RiStaples,
SHINGLERS'. LOCAL NO. 1—MEETS
61* Keefer St. every Thursday, 8
p.m. President, T. Burkes; secretary,
T. M. Wright, 617 Pacific street. Heart-
quarters 514 Keefer street.    Sey. 6226.
SHEET METAL WORKERS'. LOCAL
No. 280—Meots every Thursday, 7:30
p.m.. Room 302, President. H. Spear:
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Dormody.
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays. 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; correspondln" secretary. James Ray-
bum: flanonclal secretary, Wm. Jardlne.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
Meets Oddfellows' HaU, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
James Fletcher; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 18. City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive. ^^
TAILORS. VANCOUVER BRANCH NO.
178—Meetings held first Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. President. IT. Nord-
<nnd; secretary, W. W. Hocken-, P.O. Box
503; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
603.   '
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', LO-
cal No. 62—Meets first and tlilfd
\Veilnesdnvs ench month, 8 p.m. President. R. Neville: sofretnry. P. O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2. 1202 Woodland drive.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—
Meets last Sunday earn month, 2:30
p.m. President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-
president, O. W. Pnlmer; Hecretnrv-treasurer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Ten annmil sub.    cards for $7.50:
pay when sold.  Order ten today.
Wear Leader
$2.00
Hats
It helps you to bo well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and stiff hats of
every conceivable style
and color are here at a
saving to yourself of a
dollar to a dollar and a
half.
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Comer Hastings and
Abbott Streets
T
Oy  AliTHUH  HOFFMAN
(Brotherhood  of Carpenters.)
If the obtainment of food, clothing
and shelter were the only object of
all ln life I would not hesitate to
blow this planet Into fragments were
it in my power to do so, but, thank the
stars, there are other things to live
for, and one of the noblest objects
of unionism is to make the life worth
while. It may yet have to solve this
problem after the manner of Alexander the Great by cutting'the knot ln
two. Some see only strikes and lockouts ln organized labor, and after the
smoke of battle they figure the loss
to the community ln dollars and cents.
ThlB method of reason is too Infantile
to deserve serious consideration. It
sounds to me very much like "how
much will you take for the French
Revolution? terms cash; J. P.; or
"please send us at once an Injunction,
enjoining one Julius Caesar from
crossing the Rubicon, also one box of
soap, C. O. I)." Us. A. Club. Nearly
all the wage-workers have long ago
passed through that stage of evolution
where any elaborate explanation of the
falacy of the above theory was necessary. Again there are a great many
who are bewildered, and- do not see
the reason or need of this or that
they read of court proceedings, fights
amongst ourselves, of new federations,
sympathetic strikes and God knows
what, and all seems chaos. Too great
an Inattention to past occurrences retards their judgment, while on the
contrary by comparing what is past
with what is present, they become
wise with little trouble. There are
certain circumstances which seem like
riddles, but after a considerable space
of time there comes the answer, but
by not knowing the solution they only
start new difficulties for themselves,
and as it were embarass evolution ln
her good designs.
Study the gradual evolution of our
planet or the evolution of human
thought and you will note the continuous changes taking place ln order
to effect an adjustment to new conditions. Progressive development Is
tbe secret of life. When evolution
ceases decay and death follow; if you
stand still you do so at your peril,
And now study the history of organ.
Ized Capital and observe the changes
ln industrial organizations necesary to
repell Its encroachments. The trusts
are here to stay; they follow the same
Immutable law of evolution and you
can no more destroy trusts by dissolution than you can destroy sugar by
dissolving It. Labor unions are also
here to stay and cannot be destroyed
until further evolution becomes unnecessary. To every action there Is
a reaction. Natural law obtains ln the
economic world aB well as In the world
of geology and astronomy, therefore,
unscramble eggs, we muBt move
ahead.   Are you coming along?
The ape does live hiB life on cocoa-
nuts and fruits, the coolie with a cloth
around hie loins on rice and fish, the
serf was happy when allowed to cultivate his little square of land and extra half a day, while the underling
would wear with pride the castoff gar-
ments of his master. The multitude of
former days would take with thanks
whatever it pleased the Lord to give.
The drudge, untrained in thought,
would join In praise the chorus when
Fortuna's horn was emptied on protected industry, the rank and Hie of
unionists today demand, and next
they'll take; it Is the law of lite.
This you will either believe or disbelieve, the difference is small; it Is
truth and no more affected by your
personal opinion than the result of
adding two and two. •
As human society Is the collectivity
ot individuals, we must leave our impress on It, it is entitled to the benefit or our best qualities, but our number being so great we must act by
weight of mass with those having a
similar Interest. You are not running counter to the state by doing so.
The state, In order to ensure its con-
jomrao pus hub puejs qomreo e» ss
tlnuity, must evolve. On the contrary,
Its very life depend upon that, but it
cannot advance If the individual lags
behind. No more than the body can
advance If you leave the other foot
behind. We should aid the state by
identifying ourselves with the organisation representing our Interests.
Organized Labor enlarges the Intellectual horizon of its members and
trains them to assume greater responsibilities and work for a comomn good.
Self-sacrifice, devotion to a noble
cause, and a firm object ln life are
some of the most massive stones ln
Its foundation. All prejudices against
Unionism must break down the moment the facts are examined; therefore, to help along with the general
advance, and who would not, without
proclaiming himself a coward, fall ln
line, join the ranks, wake up to date,
keep abreast of the times, develop
your characterlsttlcs, whatever they
may be, so that when you are called
upon to put your thoughts Into action
you will know your ground well; you
will realize that being ln harmony
with evolution the cosmos Itself Ib on
your Bide and you are right. Blow
your horn and let your trumpet blast
sound like a storm against the wall.
If Unionism were to go out of existence tomorrow, the pipe dream of
the dlvlne-rlght bunch, what difference would It make to you In dollars
and cents within one week? The
answer Is too plain to merit any space
In this paragraph. Do you know that
only by constantly keeping tab on
events, tracing every effect in the Labor movement to its cause, gathering
and disseminating Information, anticipating every move or organized Capital by being constantly on guard,
does organized Labor manage to preserve the status quo ln the labor
world? This highly organized system is just as necessary to us as the
system of the gentlemen on the other
side of the chess board, and its costs
money. The money comes from the
Individual members, which they pay ln
monthly dues and occasional assessments, hence ln an open shop, the
wages being the same, the non-unionist actually receives the benefit of the
presence of the Unionist, but you
never hear of a Unionist receiving
any presents from the benefltist. In
a non-union shop the benefltist often
receives the additional benefit of the
absence of the unionist, as the employer, having a smaller number of
men to select from, must, and often
does, overlook deficiencies of the professional benefltist so as to avoid having to call In the unionist. We do not
wish to Imply that there are no efficient men outside the Union and only
hope for tho pleasure of seeing them
inside the temple. Considered from
the angle as explained above the time-
worn theory of the right to work, the
right to live, would be the proper mot-
to of the vampire. These men are like
a lot of wooden dummies, they never
make a move themselves, and, like a
./.
bunch of barnacles, they never move
ahead with us, and make no steam,
but just retard our speed; their intellect is clogged with trifles: their will
is sluggish In Its action.
Furthermore, it is also a well
known fact that many employers had
rather see all labor organized in a
solid, unbreakable phalanx, as then
they would know where they stand
when they have to meet their competitors, but having agressive unionists
on one side and a hungry mob on the
other they naturally kick. If they did
not kick they would not be human.
Ab to what their private opinion is of
tbe non-unionist, that is another matter. From whatever angle you may
look at It the position of the non-
unionist today Is bo unscientific, so
out of harmony with everything in
modern life that it can only be accounted tor by the light weight ot
their brain matter, which naturally
keepB them outside the arena where
tbe battles of life are fought. This Is
one Instance where the lunacy com.
mlBsloners should recommend artificial sterilization to protect human so.
ciety.
Reason and logic may convince the
thinker, but nothing can reach the
heart that is steeled by prejudice but
hunger. Console yourselves with the
thought, if you can, that time will
hide your identity with the charitable
veil ot obscurity.
However, we know the workers'
mind. It is like a locomotive, slow
to start, but once fairly under headway it gathers in momentum, will fairly throw itself against anything obstructing its advance and if it suffers In the crash there are a thousand
more to take Its place, just anxious
to reach the end. And bo with you,
my lad; make up your mind, run over
them that just support the lamp post;
your sparkle In the eye tells me you
are afire. That Is. the kind we need;
come on, go to the front in the thick
est of the fray and, like a demigod
emerging from the temple, conscious
of right, advance and conquer; the
world is thine, A. H.
some bearing on that ot funds, Incorporation having obvious advantages
and disadvantages. In Canada the incorporation or registration of trade
unions Is the rare exception to the
rule. The Canadian Act respecting
Trade Unions was enacted ln 1872. It
Is permissive only ln character and
during the 40 years since Its enactment very few organizations have
subscribed to its provisions. There
are at the present time only, three
organizations registered under Dominion legislation, but some Canadian organizations, industrial or semi-industrial ln nature, have Incorporated or
registered under Provincial laws. Few
statistics are available as to registra-
Ion of trade unions ln the United
States; the matter falls to the Individual States and laws and practices
vary. In Great Britain registration Is
more general and statistics as to various aspects of rade unionism become
more easily accessible.
SOME A8PECT8
_0F UNIONISM
A GOVERNMENTAL report on
the ' labor organizations ln
Canada contains an article
under the above caption, in
which it is pointed out that during
the past few years much progress bas
been made ln negotiating working
agreements. In the more highly
skilled crafts, and ot occupations Involving severe responsibilities, union
officials have long participated freely
In negotiations between employer and
employees, and agreements are sometimes made directly under union auspices. In all such cases the union
receives obviously a certain "recognition," a term fraught with much
meaning and the subject from time to
time ot severe trials of strength between employer and employed. The
degree ot recognition varies and Is a
subject of fruitful controversy. Some
union members, particularly those belonging to the leBser skilled tratdes,
receive only a modicum of recognition,
or none at all. When recognition is
not conceded, employers are sometimes yet willing to have their employees unionize among themselves,
but are not willing to negotiate with
any but their actual employees; other
employers are frankly hostile and
have ln some cases made it a condition of employment that their employees shall not belong to a union.
The Union Label
presents a phase of the question of
unionism which can affect only a certain type of manufactured products
and affects as yet a comparatively
small proportion. It represents a
movement by which a label bearing
the name of a trades union organization may be placed upon each particular article of a certain line of manufacture; appeal Is thus made to
trades unionists to buy the article, and
various means are adopted to make
the label more or less effective ln
popularizing the goods with trades
unionists. The movement has resulted in a Union Label League, International in character, and of which numerous branches exist in Canada; the
object of the League is the promotion
of the use ot the union label. The
trades chiefly concerned are printing,
garment manufacturing, clothing, cigars, etc. Bach trade organization
controls the use of Its label and obviously the use by any Arm of a union
label Is substantial evidence of the
firm having given the fullest degree of
recognition to the union concerned.
Benefits.
The beneficiary aspect of unionism
is an Important matter and the more
highly organized trades unions bear
heavy liabilities In this direction with
results which are on the whole excellent. Few statistics for Canada are
available as to this point, but facts
may be gathered here and there which
bear upon It. From a United States
report on the subject It Is learned that
various International union organizations paid benefit funds during 1908 to
the amount of nearly (8,000,000. Most
of these organizations having Canadian branches, a due proportion of
beneficiary funds came, It may be presumed, to Canada, but Inquiries on
this point have not been fruitful.
Looking at a particular International
union prominently represented ln Can*
ada, such as the Order ot Railway
Conductors, It Is learned that between
1868, the year ot Its organization, and
1903, the Order had distributed in
benefits the sum of (6,329,067. Others
of the larger railway organizations
have figures to their credit equally
striking.   The possible
Magnitude of the Subject
will be seen in the fact that he funds
accumulated and controlled by 100
alone of the principal trades unions of
Great Britain ln 1910 were placed at
the large sum ot (25,258,300 (£5,051,-
460); the total number of trades
unions (meaning, not local branches,
but central or controlling organizations) is placed at 1,153, but the membership of the 100 unions whose funds
are stated 1b greater than half of the
total of union members, which, It will
be remembered, Is 2,426,592. The German trade unionists are reported as
numbering 2,625,000, and the fund controlled by the union is placed at (15,-
500,000 (£3,100,000). Thus not only
Is Great Britain more highly union-
lzed than Germany, having regard to
relative populations, but the unions
are greatly superior ln financial
strength. This fact is perhaps partly
to be explained by the operation ln
Germany of state Insurance laws affecting workmen, somewhat similar ln
character to the legislation only recently enacted in Great Britain.
Incorporation,
The question of incorporation has
PLUMBERS MOVE TO
CONSOLIDATE FORCES
ALL OVER CONTINENT
Backed By American Federation
of Labor the Principle of Con.
tolldation is Adopted.
By J. W. BBUCR.
(Int. Org. Plumbers' Union.)
The recent decision of the executive
council of the A. F. of L. In the matter
of the controversy of the United Association of Plumbers and Steamfltters and
the International Association of Steam-
Utters, whereby they were ordered to
amalgamate or be refused recognition
by the A. F. of L., lias so far been
put into effect by the A. V. of L., which
has sent out notice to all affiliated councils that hereafter there shall be only
one recognized organisation ln the pipe-
fitting trades, namely, the United Aug.
elation of Plumbers and Steamfltters of
the U. S. and Canada,
The Importance of this decision cannot oe underestimated by those who have
the future of the Industrial movement
tt heart, because it tends to end a
controversy that has existed for years to
the the detriment of the men who worked
at the trade. The fin» of dissatisfaction and distrust were constantly kept
burning by so-called leaden of ithe
movement, and employers of labor who,
ln times ot strife and jurisdictional troubles, were comblnlnb to defeat the will
of the majority by the use of one or the
other of the organizations against each
other.
So with the recent decision it appears
that the A. F. of L. has by force of the
existence of the fierce economic struggle today, accepted the sign of the
times and with Its power show that
today the wage-workers of the various
Crafts must adopt the newer and more
progressive Idea of consolidated craft organization for their own salvation.
It Is useless for wage-workers todov
crying out against the encroachment of
the specialized systems of industry bo-
cause its a matter of evolution brought
about by the system under which we are
living and It seems peculiar that men
who have to slave day ln and day out
In harmony on the job when it comes to
a question of organization for their own
advantages they cry out for protection
of their craft Interest; but the next day
from sheer force of economic necessity
lay down peacefully to the dictators of
tho system.
This has been apparent ln these two
organizations for years, but it looks now
as if the horizon was clearing nnd the
way made for a Btronger and more progressive organization of the pIpe-Atting
trades.
From Indications at present It appears that the officers of the International Steamfltters desire its members to
carry on a form of guerilla warfare,
with the hope of enlisting sympnthy and
recognition, but the more Intelligent
wage-workers will accept the decision
not as one attempting to force a numerically small organization into the
hands of a stronger one, but only as the
result of a true conception of the aim
and objects of a trade organisation.
So, to pipe-fitters alt over the continent today, the decision has a far-reaching effect, and It is to be hoped that for
the success of their own craft and for
the advancement of the movement along
tbe right lines of organization that tliev
will accept the mandate In the spirit
intended and combine thetr efforts, irrespective of the opinions of Isolated individuals who have not the real conception of the industrial movement of
our time, and build up a strong organization, both industrially and politically,
that will voice the opinions of those engaged in tbe pipeflttlng trades.
The general movement is now also relied on to accept and put Into effect this
decision and let us hope that they will
not neglect their duty to their fellow-
workers, but will enforce the decision
and remove from the Industrial field one
of the bitterest and most disrupting
lights that the industrial movement has
had to contend with in years and help
to consolidate tbe movement in the true
light of evolution by bringing the wage-
workers closer together for their own
economic salvation.
LESSONS IN ECONOMICS,
If several.workmen were to be asked: "How muoh wages do you get?"
one would reply, "I get a dollar a day
from my employer"; another, "I get
two dollars a day,' 'and so on, Ac-
cording to the different branches of
industry ln which they are employed,
they would mention different sums of
money that they receive from their
respective employers for the completion of a certain task; for example,
for weaving a yard of linen, or for
setting a page of type. Despite the
variety of their statements, they would
all agree upon one point: that wages
are the amount of money which the
capitalist pays for a certain period of
work or for a certain amount of work.
Consequently, It appears that the
capitalist BUYS their labor with
money, and that for money they SELL
him theln labor. But this Ib merely an
illusion. What they actually sell to
the capitalist for money Ib their
LABOR-POWER. This labor-power
the capitalist buys for a day, a week,
a month, etc. And after he has bought
it, he uses It up by letting the worker
labor during the stipulated time. With
the same amount of money with which
the capitalist has bought their labor-
power, for example, with two dollars,
he could have bought a certain amount
of sugar or of any other commodity.
The two dollars with which he bought
twenty pounds of sugar Is the price of
the twenty pounds of sugar. The two
dollars with which he bought twelve
hours' use of the labor-power, Is the
price of twelve hours' labor. Labor-
power, then, Is a commodity, no more,
no less than Is the sugar. The first
Is measured by the clock the other
bv ths sceIcb
Their commodity, labor-power, the
workers exchange for the commodity
of the capitalist, for money, and, moreover, this exchange takes place at a
certain ratio. So much money for so
long a use of labor-power. For twelve
hours' weaving, two dollars. And
these two dollars, do they not represent all the other commodities which
I can buy for two dollars? Therefore,
actually, the worker has exchanged his
commodity, labor-power, for commodities of all kinds, and moreover at a
certain ratio. By giving him two dollars, the capitalist has given him so
much meat, so much clothing, so much
wood, light, etc, ln exchange for his
day's work. The two dollars therefore
expresses tbe relation ln which labor
power Is exchanged for other com.
modifies the EXCHANGE VALUE ot
labor-power. The exchange value ot a
commodity estimated in MONEY Is
called Its PRICE. WAGES therefore
are only a special name for the price
of labor-power, and are usually called
the price ot work; it is the special
name for the price of this peculiar
commodity, which has no other repository than human flesh "and blood.—The
People.
TALBOT
Non-Explosive
Boiler
Syndicate Shares Go to 33 f-3
Gents After Saturday
June 29
The non-explosive, non-scaling
Talbot Boiler is creating a sensation
ln  the mechanical  world.
The syndicate now organizing at
124 Hastings street west to take
,over all the Canadian rights has
raised most of thlte money desired
for that purpose,
Subscriptions to the Syndicate will
cost you 33 1-3 cents each after
Saturday, June 2»th.
The Talbot Boiler Is a marvelous
steam generator. In reality It is a
fuel economizer, a bollur, and a
Bteam superheater all ln one-third
the space and with one-half the
weight of other bollors,
Kour tons of coal will do the
work of tlvt'—saving 20 per cent, of
the fuel bill. The Talbot Boiler Is
a great wage saver as well as a remarkable economizer of fuel. It has
a dozen advantages that make It a
better boiler than any other.
The fact that the low cost of
construction affords a profit of 100
per cent, assures an onormous
amount of dividends to shareholders.
SECU*ITY JOB UfTBITOM.
The Canadian rights for the Talbot Boiler are held in escrow by
tho Vancouver Trust Company, Limited, tut security for every dollar
subscribed.
When the $15,000 has been nralsed,
The Cunadlan Talbot Boiler Company, Limited, will be organized and
the stock sold at $1.00 per share.
After Saturday, June 29th, subscriptions will be received by this
Board of Syndicate Managers on a
basis of 33 1-3 cents per share,
Wlthiln a few short weeks the
shares wilt be selling at the full
price of $1.00 each. The biggest
profits will go to those who first put
their capital Into this enterprise.
Invest now.
Whether you have much or little
money, you nre invited to join the
Talbot Holler Syndicate, which controls this big money-making monopoly ln all of Canada. Remember,
you can get n number of shares for
every dollar you irtvett NOW. ONE
GOOD INVKSTMKNT IS WORTH
A LIFE-TIME OK LABOR. Build
your future by investing In the Talbot  Boiler  to-day.
Board of Syndicate Kanagf n for
The Canadian
Talbot Boiler
Company
114   HASTIMQS    STEEET   WEST,
TAHOOVTEB, B, O.
LATHERS' UNION, NO. 207.
Local Union, No. 207, of the Wood,
Wire and Metal Lathers' International
Union, was formally organized ln this
city on October 1, 1903. During this
period there was much activity In the
building trades. Low wages, with poor
working conditions prevailed in the
ranks of the lathers, and they decided
forthwith to organise, which union has
since been doing business. In addition
to the benefits derived by the local
body, the International pays $100 on
the death of a member—two ot these
amounts having been turned over to
the beneficiaries. The charter members were: J. Harrison, president; recording secretary, Fred Macey; financial secretary, Bert Surges; treasurer,
George Macey; Thos. Stone, Chas.
Macey, Wm. Stone, Geo. Buchenroth,
R. H. Ausbourne. The officers for
1912 are: President, P, R. Champion;
vice-president, Ed Morrow; secretary,
Thos. Anderson; treasurer, F. Leigh-
ton; recording secretary, M. Bond. The
union holds Its meetings ln the Labor
Temple.
OUSANDS
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
IngerBoll'e 24 Lectures   •  -   .50
Dr. Brown's True Marriage
Guide     -      -      -       .50
The Escaped Nun, Mary Moult .60
The People's Bookstore
152 Cordova W.
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
DIXON BROS.
100 HEAD OF
Light and Heavy Horses
FOB SALE
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
SPECIALISTS IN
PRINTING
Cowan & Brookhouse
LABOR TlMPLI PHONK Sey. 4400
Visit the Labor Temple
Billiard and Pool
ROOM
Two First-Class Burroughes
&  Walts   Billiard Tables
TOBACCOS
ca   CIGARS
Phone Seymour 3680
Transfer and Batfarf
Fred \?etty
MERCHANT
TAILOR
BEFORE YOU
• order a suit come in
and look over  our
stock. Use the label
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
0, It Stands (or all thai Union
Labor Stands (or.
L BURNS & CO.
'■ Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Housefurnishings
MECHANICS-
TOOLS OUR
SPECIALTY
Stove Castings and Repairs Kept
in slock
138 Cordova St. East
PRINTING
E. T. Kingsley
UBOR TEMPLE PRINTER
"The shop whore progressive thought is
merged with the
artistic"
PHONE SEYMOUR 824
A FATHER OF
Nineteen Children
once remarked that ho saw no
merit tn the saying, "Keeping
everlastingly at It brings success." Perhaps not. Some Ideas
run to largo families—othei'H run
to dollars and cents. Here's some-
tiling for the latter kind (o think
about:
There are 460 printers In Vancouver. Printers get $-G to ?33
?er week. Saturday comes and
hese men have over $10,000 to
spend, They spend it with the
merchant that patronize them,
Pon't you want a share of this?
Demand the printers' label on all
your work and you will bo on the
road to getting your share of
their business.
Ten Federatlonist sub.,cards, good for
one year, for 17.50. Order now, pay
when'sold at |1 each.
Imperial Wine
Company
Importers, Wholesale and
Retail Dealers in
Beers, Winea
Liquors'
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city '
Phone Skt. 055
54 Cobdova Street West
When You Do Drink Beer
_ . Of America  -©f
C»»rSHHT».TS>»IHm.KISTI»l»IS03
See that it is drawn horn a keg bearing
this label
Electric Light
THAT IS ELECTRIC LIGHT
' Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
WESTERN CANADA POWER CO.
LIMITED
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.O.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
-^r^"*^
:v ...*\
I. SATURDAY.;	
..July 6,1812
TBI BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDEBATIONIST
Lighter Underwear
ALL STYLES AND PRICES
Including a complete range ot summer vests, with or without
sleeves, ln Swiss ribhed or porous knit cotton or lisle thread! some
plain and others are with lace yokes; many styles; at 25c, 35c
and 50c.
Women's union suits ln every wanted style, ln fine Swiss cotton
lisle thread, silk or union at prices ranging trom 60s to 18.60 a
garment.
CHILDREN'S UNDERWEAR
Including cotton, lisle or union vesta, drawers and combinations, in
all, slses and styles, at trom 25e to 12.25.
(foruim ftpisgl*, Himttrt.
575 Gramllle Street
Vancouver, B. C,
HARDWARE
 • AND  —
TOOLS
Building Hardware, General
Hardware, Tools for the Carpenter, Cement Worker, Machinist, Plasterer, Bricklayer
-   Lawn   Mowers,   Rakes
Spades and Hose and ill
requisites to make your
heme neat and tidy
McTAGGART
& MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phons Seymour 684
Simonds Saw
the saw that has no equal
We would Remind You the
Simonds Saw is the Best Saw
that can be Made
Sols Aawls lor Vancouver
T.A.FLETT
LIMITED
111 Hasting* it. W.
Phone Seymour 204
HARDWARE
Everything for the Home in our
i line
Kitchen Ranges
Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
Builders' Supplies
W.R. OWEN
2387 MAIN STREET.
RHONE FAIR. 447.
Unionism as a Remedy
By S. P. OOW
. (Bricklayers' Union.)
Our Boy's
DEPARTMENT
When buying a suit for the boy
remember we are agents for
"Lion Brand"
CLOTHING
They are Suits that will hold
red-blooded athletio boys, at
a price that will hold the attention of thrifty-minded
parents
qiuhb (B. Stewart
SOWWHAfttlNO, STREET W.
tender Bouorrora
01* LAND SHARKS AND
PATERNAL ABETTORS
Government OirM Land to Corporations; Corporation* Boll to
Bettlera; Settlers Pay.
,„     „   B£ B- !?• ORANT   „
(Sec. New Westminster T. and L. C.)
NBW WESTMINSTER; B.C., Ju:
6.—In the Interior ot British Columbia lies a beautiful valley, through
which extends a railway line. In one
particular locality the valley widens
to form a considerable area ot valuable prospective fruit land.
This land was presented to the railway .company, along with nearly
everything else In sight,' as well as
some things that were not, In, consideration of their kindness ln condescending to connect up a large and
growing centre with the main arteries
of Its system.
Tbe railway outnt organised a land
and development company and turned
over the land to It at a price of $2 to
13 per acre.
The development part ot the company proceeded to survey this particular portion ot the valley Into ten-acre
blocks and advertised It In all parts of
the world, far enough away to make
It look green as the finest fruit-growing
district on earth, affording the best' of
opportunities and quickest returns for
men of moderate means whose tastes
or necessities Inclined them to the
fruit-growing Industry—cheap land on
easy terms, splendid climate, excellent
transportation facilities, etc.
Result: Buyers came from afar off
and purchased the land at from $100
to f200 per acre. You see, the company had also "developed" the price
of tbe land. In most cases, by the
time the settler had erected a house
and cleared a garden patch, his supply
ot collateral was exhausted and now
he has to devise ways and means to
clear his land, which costs on an aver
age $100 per acre; feed his family and
make the monthly payments on "HIS"
land.
How do you suppose he does It?
Well, if he joins the Conservative
Association he gets a job on a convenient government road during the
summer months and If he Is careful he
may have enough left, alter paying
excessive freight and other charges
on everything he uses, to teed his
family during the winter.
The paternal care exercised by a
beneflclent government at Victoria toward the Incoming settlers is really
touching (to the settler) ln Its Intensity.
Marble Cutters and Setters.
All members working; trade conditions good. We have been unable to
supply all the calls for competent mechanics. There Is more work In town
for marble men now than there has
been since the union was organised.
Attend the next meeting ot your
union t
PATRONIZE)    B.    C.     FEDERATIONIST
ADVHRTISERS—AND TOLL THEM WKT.
TOBACCO
and Cigars
PADMORE'S
Big Qgat
Store
642 Granville Street
United Brotherhood of Carpsnters.
Locals No. 617, North and South
Vancouver, are still doing business
and going ahead In their trying work
of educating the non-union carpenter
up to a more Intelligent understanding ot the duty he owes not only to
himself, but to the trade at which he
earns a living—when there Is a job
for him. All members are working,
and considering the large Influx of carpenters, good, bad and indifferent,
there are In the city at present, our
organization work Is meeting with success. Our business agents, Williams,
Phillips, Starke and Organiser B. D,
Grant, are very busy these days trying
to lead the "heathens" from darkness
Into light.
Loehatthe Label
tj It is not a Jaeger Shirt unless it bears the name. Because of its lasting quality and
distinct style of fabrio and
oolorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
popular
T. B. Cuthbertson
ft COMPANY, LIMITED
345 Hastings W.   ($0 Granville
Oil Hastings W.
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Yoar
Miners' Mansine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
xxvooBAVsaoax, vazosT.
On the seventh day of February, 1888,
a charter was granted to Messrs. W. M.
Watters, A. A. Anderson, J. M. Wright,
8. J. Feake, D. A. Mumo, T. Kerr, P.
Whltworth, P. J. Waterman, J. W. Ounn,
W. A. Calhoun and J. W. Oder for the
purpose of maintaining a subordinate
union to the International Typographical Union, to be known as Vancouver
Typographical Union No. 226, of Vancouver, B. c. During the previous year
a charter had   been   appfled   for and
E ranted to the printers of Vancouver,
ut was lost In the malls. The first
officers of No, 226 were as follows:
President, W. M. Watters; vice-president, A. A. Anderson; financial secre.
tary and treasurer, D. A. Munro; record*
Ing secretary, J. W. dunn: sergeant-at-
arms, V. J. Waterman. The executive
eommlttee was composed of Messrs. A.
A. Anderson, J. M, Wright and D. A.
Munro.. Since the date of Institution
No, 226 haa been In continuous existence, and, by conducting union affairs on
a strict business bails, the very best of
relations have been maintained between
employer and employee with the nat-
ural results that both have benefitted
thereby. While affording to its members protection as a trade organisation,
the International Typographical Union
has also provided a Home for aged and
, pension system and mortuary
. The  Union   - ' '
infirm. - .	
benefit system. The Union Printers'
Home is situated at Colorado Springs.
Colorado. This institution, to which all
members are entitled to admission (ex.
cent coses of contagious diseases) is
valued at over 11.500,000, and provides
assistance, not to aged members only,
but also to any desiring temporary treatment. In connection with this home Is
maintained a sanltorlum for the treatment of tuberculosis sufferers which has
received the commendation of medical
men from all parts of the world.
January, 1910, the Old Age Pension
feature was Introduced Into the I, T. U.
By this system members whp (have
reached the age of 80 years and who
hold continuous membership for a period
of 20 years or members holding continuous membership for 20 years and
who, through accident or otherwise, become Incapacitated, are entitled to a
pension amounting to five dollars per
week, A graduated Mortuary Benefit has
been adopted which provides a death
benefit amounting to 875 for a membership of one year or less and gradually
Increasing te 1400 for five years or
more  membership.    In  line with  this
policy No. 226 has a slek benefit fund
 ' !h provides for the payment to its
. .... _..  _  .^ imint in.
which provides for the payment to
members of 87.60 per week during ...
ness. The officers for the present term
are as follows: President, W. 8, Armstrong; vice-president, O. W, Palmer;
secretary-treasurer, H. Neelands; aer-
geant-at-arms, C. Prosky. Union meets
at 2 p.m. on last Sunday of each month
ln room 07, Labor Temple, corner Dunsmuir and Homer streeis.
Modern history Is the history of capitalism—the brightest period In old
earth's time. Unionism belongs strictly to this epoch; and,:of course, there
Is a reason. It Is to remedy certain
evils. And It Is a wlse'ldea to take
a look once ln a while to see how it
Is accomplishing Its object.
Capitalism means that part of the
world's history when, aa a result of
knowledge, production has a capacity
beyond the requirements ot the inhabitants. The capacity to produce is
limited only by the ability to dispose
of the products. Now products, or
those things useful or desirable to
mankind, constitute wealth. Although
the present epoch is the result of
knowledge, it Is very plain to anyone
who will look at it that that .knowledge Is slight compared with what it
ought, to be; tor, since products constitute wealth, the limiting of production Is the reverse; Tet poverty, absolute destitution, Is a very common
feature of capitalism.
Now, human desire for the good
things of life knows no limit Productive capacity and consumption are
both, therefore, limited only by the
ability to connect. The wealth of
the world Is limited only by the ability
ot men to obtain what they produce.
The remedy is simple, merely the
negation of the eause of the trouble.
The reason men do not obtain what
they produce Is that they are slaves,
and do not produce for themselves,
but for others. They are content to
take a small portion of what they
produce In return for their trouble.
This Is Ignorance, pure and simple-
call It what you like.
Unionism Is no attempt at the elimination of the cause of the trouble.
They want a little larger share of
what they produce, but they are perfectly content to leave the causes of
the difficulty absolutely alone. It Is
the same old struggle that has been
going on since the world started. Let
the masters sit there like overgrown
bloodsuckers and let us try to get a
share of what we create. As long as
the sharing continues there will be
strife about the division.
There are splendid examples of this
state of affairs In nature. Take any
plant or animal: the greater the
amount of parasitism, the less the
ability to produce—the less Its prosperity. In these cases where the farmer observes the process he does not try
and adjust the dispute between the
parasite and the plant or animal. The
complete destruction of the parasite
Is his aim,, whatever the results of his
efforts.
Nlcolaltanlsm is a disease of humanity. Locusts and grasshoppers
come from the uncultivated parts ot
the earth. Mosquitoes from the same
source. Plagues come from the uncivilised parts of the Inhabited earth.
Parasites are only carried by the
more Ignorant and degraded of men.
Human parasitism or nlcolaltanlsm originated at a time when darkness covered the face of the earth and gross
darkness the people, and can only survive while tbe cause remains.
The remedy for this the unions
know nothing of. But must this always be the case? Knowledge Is increasing comparatively fast Ib there
any Inherent quality ln unionism that
says that intelligence shall never penetrate UT There Is not, unless it be an
Idea that unionism Is all right as It is.
If this notion could be undermined
the greatest movement for the benefit
of humanity could be started right
away.
The unions are a very large, If noneffective movement, and once headed
In the right direction would constitute
the most effective Institution on earth
for the liberation of humanity from
the control of masters.
When men were created first they
were not to have masters. They were
created ln the image of God Almighty
and were to be masters, Having masters constitutes being slaves. "Any
violation of tbat law will bring certain
unlshment, and work is punishment.
When It was first given to men it was
as a curse and when last ordered—so
many days, months or years at hard labor it was also intended as punishment. But we are fools enough to
look upon it as a blessing. Not so the
masters. They have some Intelligence.
They have always despised the workers, and any one with a grain of mastery or Intelligence about his system
must do the same.
Upon a scheme of servitude tbe
whole idea of the union Is built. Tbe
doctrine of the Nlcoltalanes Is part ot
the foundation and structure ot unionism. It will take some work to eradicate this, but is the first step toward
putting unionism on the right track.
In order that human parasitism may
cease, the working class as a whole,
not part of tbem, must proceed to
that end.
Unionism is collective action. It is
a working class movement, but It Is
not aware of the fact It Is not aware
of most ot the facts with regard to
Itself. It has never made study of
unionism or of anything else a part
of Its programme. Without education
there Is no progress.
This is why unionism, aB an attempt
at collective action on the part of
the workers, has become merely a
sect among the various working class
organisations. Without progress It
could not fulfill Its mission In a world
of progress. Nor could It retain within Itself the progressive elements of
Its class.
Worse than tbat, Its methods are,
at least questionable. The reduction
of the hours ot labor Is the one outstanding exception to this rule. Its
main object Ib the Increase of the price
ot Its members' commodity—their labor power. The price ot commodities
is regulated mainly by the law of
supply and demand. The unions'
method ot accomplishing this Is by
restricting the supply of their particular line by keeping as many out of
the craft as possible. This Is a ntoe,
cruel and unchristian process, ln a
world overflowing to stagnation with
labor power for which they are trying
to find a market. This Is sectionalism for fair, and It doesn't confine Itself to those outside the union. There
Is more jealousy about jobs amongst
union men than amongst or against
outsiders, It Is undoubtedly a fine
state ot affairs when I would rather
see a man whom I call brother stay
In some out-of-the-way place where
he may not'be able to make a living
than to see htm come where he may
compete against me for a job. This Is
the movement some think Is the only
proper one for working men.
The scheme Is only possibly effective to a very slight extent. In a
world full of labor power reduction of
the supply Is not possible to any great
extent. To increase the demand for
their commodity with its far greater
potentialities, never has occurred to
them.     v
There is no limit to which the demand for a commodity can be restricted it the right methods be used. Besides the increase ot price, due to
Increased demand, the loss due to unemployment Is nullified, and the returns greatly Increased; and true fellowship and benefit fould result When
men have all the work they can do
there Is no competition for jobs. Chattel slavery has demonstrated that And
the getting of some other fellow's Job
Is individualism, not collectivism.
Class or social difficulties can never
be remedied that way. The getting
of every man his own job is the only
remedy. And that can only com*
about by dispensing with masters,
which are the only cause ot limited
production or unemployment
! Unionism bas never made a move to
get rid of a single master. The obtaining of masters is the principal effort of union at well aa non-union men.
The welfare of man, as well ss ot plant
or animal, consists ln getting rid of
parasites. In order that unions may
be a part of the working class movement they must back out of their
sidetrack and get out onto the main
line.
HAVELOCK WILSON
INVAHCOUVEB
(Continued from page one)
Ited, and started out going for htm first
Individually. "They levelled their guns
on me and put me In prison at the port
of Cardiff,"-said the speaker. It wu
now quite evident.tbat tbe shipping
men were In a bad state, for they got
together tbe "boarding house" masters, who charged him at court of riot
and Intimidation, and so he was arrested on a good Sunday night Ths
police also charged, "We thought one
pf the best things to do was to get
but the band, and asked the men to
flnd their clothes, which were hidden
from them by the masters of the
boarding bouses, and parade." They
did so, and the police were ln the procession. This constituted a riot
charge, which was ultimately- withdrawn. "Now, boys, this Is a scab
house, and we must beat It out tonight," he was accused of saying. The
Jury was packed by the master own-
, which found him "guilty." That
was the start. Other leaders were not
gone after. "When I got out of jail
the masters made me a bankrupt, the
litigations cost me about £4,000, and
In 1892 or 1893 tbey sold my effects.
This taught me a. good lesson, for I
never had a house since."
press did not fully represent the facts,
They never agreed Out we would tan
a strike or thought the seamen could
be
Induced To Oe Out,
They said, because told by the ship
owners, that only 400 or 500, mostly
bums, would go out, because there
would be a chance ot picking up tree
beer." The reliable seamen.the employers pointed out,- had nothing to
strike for—they had the medical ex-
animation because they liked to' be
overhauled every trip. Huge ships
could be brought to the rescue, and
from 10,000 to 15,000 strike breakers
landed st almost any port, at any time,
and thus defeat the greatest combination labor ever saw. "When was this
proposed International strike to take
placef" was asked. As time went on
from month to month and the question
ot the strike came up, "we said to the
public that we had a lot of grievances
and wanted to sit around the table and
discuss .them with the ship owners.
Would they be kind and good enough
to do sot" At last public opinion
forced them to state they might, but
could not recognise the union. They
claimed that (Wilson)
everything but a murderer, and did
not even know but that he had paid
assassins to do his work. Tbey did not
even know tbat there was a union;
they said they could not discover any
seamen who were dissatisfied. The
union then decided to'get the govern,
ment or president of the Board of
Trade, who was responsible for the
shipping regulations to act "We
knew'that In all fairness we had a
good show. The owners went Into In
land towns and picked up Its scum,
got them to go to sea—and got them
sea slok. This was against the Board
of Trade regulations.
We Had the lacking
of 160 members of Parliament. We
done all we could to avoid a fight
and Insisted on the government that
we did not want any but competent
seafaring men." (Applause.)
In July, 1910, all these matters were
explained to tbe president of the Board
of Trade, who was non-committal and
said that he would cummunlcate with
the ship owners,, In November they
were notified by the government that
It bad been In' cummunlcatlon with the
employers, who stated that there were
no grievances. Evidently they thought
that the seamen bad by this time got
used to them. "We said that the ship
owners had suoh a bad case that they
could not meet the men. Public opinion was now thoroughly with us. I bad
a time in my mind when we would
strike, It was ln June when the
coronation took place. We could then
suspend operations—and all have a
good time—why could we not too have
a good time. (Applause.) On June
14,1911, 65 ports at 9 o'clock at night
unfurled the banner bearing tbe words
"War declared and fight for home and
liberty." Next morning the world was
startled. The dally press also stated
that the strike was a fiszle, that so
many dozen ships left Liverpool. They
did not know how they got crews for
 ■. , ——These are Intended forts
a strong, cool tromer; made of drab colored oord ai
—.....   Prlcf ._.____.,.—_._. ^ i5J£L5	
%     '
! sour aeilsets; 1btrtsss» ean
-MM
Blue or slack denim;
OTWSUW  In blue or Mack, or blue with whits stripe;
i, good and stout suspenders.  pric« -•--- r
JABEMTt to macth above.  Price .
CUSWmmmsr AJBOsTO-Bhort Aprons. SCSI Loe- Apron, with
three pockets end hammer hold, Tse. Long Aprons, with sevee.
pockets and hammer bold —  ...,_......„,........._.._._j(W»
CAJSnarBSSO QTWItfS   Made of hesvy brown duck, with «MMs_
fronts; eleven pockets, two hammer holds.   Price.......................Jl.t*
David Spencer, IM.
▼unworn, & a
His Only Belongings
now were the clothes he wore and an
umbrella.  Every year since the Ship- „ ,   „ - -
ping Federation had a esse against Ave or six days If there was a strike
him.  One time he was served with 45 on'  If the men signed to proceed on a
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
Bright and Doll Leathers I tapfe tafef rt
Tans If You Prefer    |        Tennis Shoe!
OUTING SHOES  ■  •  CANVAS SHOES
204 MAIN STREET
Opposite the City Hal
W.J.ORR
ERS UNION/
UNION^D
factory
Named Shoes Ares rraftsMsktlr
Mad* in No6.-Us.Ua FaofrUa
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
no mstter what Its dame, unless tt bean a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
AU shoes without the Union Stamp aro
always Non-Union.
Boot <B> Shoo Urorken?' Vstion
246 Summer Street Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Baine, see.-Treas.
summons for taking that many Chinamen off a ship. For this the jury
awarded him 12 guineas costs for Inconveniences. A good many of our
leaders concluded that he was not deserving of such persecution. The employers had no more grudge against
me than the others. But they thought
that It would be good policy to take
one at a time—Just as laying out a new
crew. The buck mate lays out one,
and lets Tom, Dick or Harry alone and
pats them on the back. The next day,
however, he starts In on another fellow. In one week's time the whole
crew becomes tamed down. This pol'
ley the shipowners pursued on him.
When they thought that they had done
enough licking seamen, the 'longshoremen were started on. This licking
business was carried out nicely among
every class of shipping employees, till
there was not one left with a "ha'-
porth a fight in him." Thus the shipowners got through with tbem nationally—and turned on them Internationally. The ports of Norway, Sweden,
Holland, Germany, Italy, Spain ln turn
were tackled and beaten. Depots of
ships were equipped, and from 6,000 to
7,000 men could be transported, gen.
erally recruited strike-breakers. Tug
boats were used to carry them from
These Depots
to the ships. Even ports ot Sweden
transported strike-breakers from Great
Britain. "I looked on Englishmen with
shame—to think that Great Britain
was the home ot strike-breakers." This
system was extended to America, and
for four years a strike was carried on
here and in Great Britain, 'They had
the open shop. The Shipping Federation claimed to make no distinction
and insttuted the "welfare plan." The
boys called It the "hell-tare plan." A
man received a book with the date
written ln It when he was hired, and
when he quit his employment It was
taken away from him. This new
movement was first engineered In London by the International Federation.
When the supply of men exceeded the
demand, they bad to submit to this
and suffer. Every man engaged ln
British Bhips was paid from five shillings to a sovereign less than he was
entitled to. The owners decided that
they must Undergo medical examinations, because It would be a good
thing tor tbem. That was all humbug.
Mr. Wilson found that many diseased
men were shipped. Magnificent specimens ot manhood had to accept
the lower rate ot wages on the pretext
that they were not sound of body,
Detective men, so alleged, called
around the next day and were told
that It they took 10 or 15 shillings
less would be put to work. "One thing,"
said the speaker,
"I Never Depend on Meetings.''
Those present may seem to agree,
but when they go elswhere act differently. You must get right among
men to flnd out where you are at.
They are then on their own dunghill
Many a time I have gone Into the
fo'sel and talked to men, wbo asked,
Is that fellow Wilson at the head of
the union?' and then proceed to tell
me all the nice (?) things about him."
(Laughter.) They bad had as much
ship's tyranny as they could stand.
Even the cooks and others got ready
for a fight. "If you are going to hit a
fellow on the nose don't tell him. We
didn't tell the employers that we
would hit them," One and all quit the
ship at the same time. It can hardly
be realized how difficult It Is to get
160,000 men together, when It was
usual only to get 20 or 30 of them
to attend a meeting. In order to surmount the difficulty, pamphlets were
scattered all over, even ln this port
(Vancouver.) Mr. Pierce, tbe local
organizer,, received all tbe minutes.
This circulation of the proceedings
enabled all tbe members to learn exactly what was going on. By that
means In 1909 on the east coast of
America for 12 months during a strike
meetings were kept posted at different
ports and held every night. Meetings
were also advised In Great Britain,
and on the continent "We didn't
rush  to   reporters!    The  capitalist
voyage before the time the strike was
called tbey had to sail.  There was
A High Old Time
for 48 hours. The owners said "Didn't
I tell you there would be no bother
at all." The next day they told a different story when 15 huge ocean liners
tied up. (Applause.) Thousands of
pounds sterling had to be returned to
purchasers of tickets who wanted to
see the great review. Every port was
effected except Hamburg. It was then
decided that £5 a month would be the
minimum wage to sign a two year
agreement or II not 10 shillings more.
Previous are wage was £3 10s. Mr.
Laws, manager of the Shipping Federation, limited, was asked by the ship
owners, "Where are the Bhlps?" He
said that he could not get men Just
now. Then he was Informed that he
was incompetent to manage their business, and be Wss subequently removed
at 'the earliest opportunity. The ship
owners then looked for him (Wilson.)
In response to a tap at the door of his
office he said, "Gentlemen, come ln."
They did so and said we've got two or
three ships hung up; can't you get us
orews." "No trouble to get them. It Is
only a matter of conditions," came the
reply. In a few weeks all differences
were settled. The union card was recognized, and no men were shipped
unless they had clean cards. Previous
ly the employers said, "We'll never
meet that man Wilson." Other unions
now
Became Involved
namely, the. 'longshoremen of Liverpool, Hull, Manchester, Bristol, ports
In Scotland and elsewhere. He (Wilson) now "moves forward on lines of
respectability." Increased wages and
better conditions were granted to more
than 600,000, Including 176,000 firemen, 100,000 longshoremen, 225,000
carmen or draymen organized, and
the whole business was brought
into line. The membership ot
these bodies were Increased 20 to 50
per cent, and the price of labor 16 per
cent The draymen had been working 100 hours a week, now they work
72 hours, their wages were Increased
from 18 shillings n week to 25 and 30.
All benefited. How long this will last
he did not know. The most dangerous
time to labor was after a victory. Men
Joined the union because of the In.
crease of wages. Many of tbem when
things settled down to normal conditions asked, "What am I paying up
for?" Like smallpox, the disease
started to spread again. They began
to lose their heads, especially tho
leaders, and rush in. They were again
provoked and taunted by the employ-
ers. The reactionary employers ever
since our victory In June last have
been working assiduously underhand
to bring about a conflict In order to
wipe out
The Bitter Defeat
and to restore conditions to what they
were when we started, said the speaker. "It is our duty to watch these
things and not allow the employers to
catch us asleep. I am afraid that something like that Is happening Bt London today. I hope that I am taking a
wrong view. L do not know how the
fight is going on at London, because I
have not been able to keep In touch
with It. It will be a very dangerous
thing for us If we are Involved In a
dispute that Is going to last more than
six weeks. I hope that the position Is
much better than I think alter fighting for 12 years to be degraded Just
as much as we ever were, and If after
removing the shackles of slavery and
obtaining some of the liberty that we
should enjoy, we should be thrown
back Into tbe old posltlon.(Applause.)
I want to get back as speedily as possibly. I think I have a little Influence
yet to have a terrible defeat, I thank
you. Mr. Wilson then resumed his
seat amidst loud applauseo.
Chairman McVety thanked the
speaker for his graphic and realistic
statement. It was refreshing to hear
first hand Information. He referred
to Mr. Wilson's great effort, though In
poor health, and wished him a safe return home. (Applause.)
The proceedings then terminated.
For any WEAR and every WEAR
For Shoes that WILL WEAR
For Shoes made of honest material by
Union Workmen
 SEE	
WOOD
THE SHOE
SPECIALIST
Look for tho
Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Stroot W., nmmr CatmMo
We, therefore, pledge ourselves to
unceasingly demand a universal workday of eight hours or less; so long as
labor-power Is sold aa a commodity.
We believe there Is more efficacy
In electln working-class representor
tlves to write the law than by sup
plicatory methods; and  our
will be more In that direction In nature.
We are firmly convinced that the
future belongs to the only useful people In human society—the working-
class.
"SUUMT" SXS1LE.
the Champion labor Lltaratan Ssllsr
of Canada, with stadanarteM at
Vancouver.
Week End Trips
TO CHILLIWACK
Every worklngman needs rest and change. It's true he can't
take a winter trip to Southern California or an extended trip
to the resorts in the rookies, but he should, as for as his time
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It is to meet the wotkingman's case that (he B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged for week-end trips, al reduced rates, over the Fraser
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday and Sunday, good lo return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
Trains leave Carrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.; 1:1$ and 5
p.m. Trains reluming from ChilHwack are so timed that the
round trip may be made in a dsy with a stopover of several hours
B. C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO.
TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIOJTIBT:
SATURDAY... JUNE 19, 1911
Liquid
Sulphur
:CURES-
Rheumatism, Eczema, Stomach,
Kidney Troubles, Skin Diseases
WHY
Because Liquid
Sulphur is the
greatest known
blood purifier of
the century.
Every one knows
that sulphur is
good for the entire system.
Almost every one has taken
sulphur in some form or another. But is it known to you
that sulphur in its powdered
form cannot be assimilated into
the blood through the stomach.
If the stomach cannot dissolve
sulphur, how can the blood be
purified? Liquid Sulphur is
already dissolved; is, in fact,
ready for the stomach to distribute through the system.
Liquid Sulphur goes direct to
the seat of the trouble, impure
blood, attacks and drives out of
the entire svstem all germs and
impurities.' IT REMOVES
THE CAUSE AND PERMANENTLY CURES.
Do Not Accept a Substitute
There is only One
Liquid Sulphur
CHACE&
JACKSON'S
Price: 50c
Sold by the following Druggists:
W. r„ Almas
Brjwn t, Beaton
Bridge St Pharmacy
Broadway Pharmacy
Brown <• Dawson
A. W. Campbell
Capltola Pharmacy
Cunningham's Drug Store
Csmpbell's, Ltd.
J. ft. Darling
H. E. Cldrldge * Co.
H. W. Ferguson A Co.
(2 stores)
Georgia Pharmacy
Wm. Harrison A Co.
(3 stores)
J. Haughton
Independent Drug Store
E. L. Knowlton
W. E. Law (2-storee)
Marret A Held
McDuffey Bros. Co.
P.. H. Morrison
Manhattan Pharmacy
Mt. Pleasant Pharmacy
McDowell's Pharmacy
North Shore Pharmacy
Owl Drug Co,, Ltd.
(4 stores)
Park Drive Pharmacy
Pill Box Drug Store
Red Star Drug Co.
Standard Drug Co.
Ernest Stuff
Woodward Dspt. Store
Of we will send by mail outside
of Vancouver on receipt of price
Remember the Name
LIQUID
SULPHUR
Prepared Only By
CHACE & JACKSON
VANCOUVER
506 Smytfw Streetj | Phone Sey. 4254
TRADES AND LABOR
CONGRESS OF CANADA
CONVENTION CALL
Twenty-eighth Annual Session to
Convene at Guelph, Ont,, on
September 9.
Ottawa, Ont, July 6,1912.
To the Officers and Members of Provincial Federations of Labor, Trades
and Labor Councils, National
Trades Unions, Federal Labor
Unions and International Local
TradeB Unions ln the Dominion ot
Canada, Greeting:—
Fellow Labor Unionists and Brothers:
The twenty-eighth annual session of
the Trades and Labor CpngreBs of
Canada will convene in the Armories
building, HusklsBon street, city of
Guelph, province ot Ontario, beginning
at 10 o'clock, Monday morning, September 9th, 1912, and will continue ln
session from day to day until the business of the convention has been completed.
The delegates assembled at Calgary
last year chose Guelph as the next
meeting place, and it will be a striking
tribute to the enthusiasm and enduring
ability ot tbe organized wage-workers
ot the "Royal" and progressive city
and surrounding Industrial centres ln
the heart of the province of Ontario
to have a large representation of delegates from all over Canada ln attendance. The bill of fare to be presented
is one that will require the very best
intelligence of the delegates to grapple
with.
The past year has been replete with
matters ot vital interest to the workers, and tbe opponents of organised
labor are very active, as will appear
from the systematic and persistent
endeavor being made In Canada and
Great Britain to weaken regulations
that were Imposed for the protection
of the working classes. Bach year has
witnessed a wonderful growth ln the
Intricacy and difficulty of the problems
to be dealt with by the congress, and
the Guelph convention will be no exception tn this respect. Among other,
matters calling for Immediate attention are the following:
1. Dominion and provincial legislation affecting labor Interests.
2. The Allen Labor Act and Its utter uselessnesB to protect the working
classes ln its present cumbersome administration.
3. The immigration laws.
4. The Eight-hour Bill.
5. Tbe Workingmen's Compensation Acts In tbe various provinces-
administration of by provincial governments and tbelr Interpretation by
the courts.
6. Amendments to the Industrial
Disputes and Investigation Act.
7. Clear definition of our position as
wage-workers on the projected Old
Age Pension measure now before a
special committee of the Dominion
House of Commons.
8. Proposed amendments to the Dominion Elections Act, to make election
day a public holiday and to abolish the
S20O deposit now exacted.
9. Payment of wages on railways
fortnightly, and many other features.
Never more than now bas there been
greater necessity for vigilance In safeguarding the rights ot labor. Organised bodies on every hand are contesting for their own protection, and In
this regard labor no longer has the
Aeld to Itself. If labor Is to receive Ub
portion It will have to keep watchful
every hour of every day.
Send your best, most experienced
and faithful men to the convention,
and elect them NOW. It you neglect
to do so, don't complain that your
particular Interests have been overlooked or neglected. This Ib the time
of prosperity, and labor must be prepared to do battle at every available
opportunity If It Is to keep up with the
procession.
Fraternally yours,
JAMES C. WATTERS,,   '
President,
FRED. BANCROFT,
Vice-President.
P. M. DRAPER,
Secretary-Treasurer.
Executive Council, Trades snd Labor
Congress of Canada.
Pre-lnventory Clearance
Sale now in Progress
UNPRECEDENTED Opportunities to Economize! Spend
Liberally and Save! Our purpose Is to effect an Immediate
clearance ln every department to
reduce stocks to normal proportions, Manufacturers and wholesalers have co-operated with us,
enabling our offering ot wonderful
values. Thousands take advantage
of our sensational price concessions.
This Bale is an event that In
magnitude of scope and genuine
economy will give another meaning to the word "SALE"—growing
greater each year by reason, of the
Htetulfnst policy of selling only
goods of highest merit at prices to
attract the most economical buyer. Watch dally papers for specials,
James Stark
ft SONS
LIMITED
suiTtsiM ■*. nn
Bstwra Abbott and Carrall.
Whale Brand
"Size,    Strength,   Endurance"
Union - Made
OVERALLS
A special cut, made by union
girls, under the supervision ef a
unionist, who thoroughly understands the overall needs and requirements of Vancouver wage
workers. Ask your merchant
for them and look for both the
Union and Whale Brand
Labels
A. WADDINGTON
MANUFACTURER
22 Water St. Phone Sev. 1993
VANCOUVER TRADES
AND LABOR COUNCIL
OFFICIAL MINUTES
Splendid Address by Wm, Davidson, J, W. Bruce and Geo. Heatherton Features of Evening
VANCOUVER, July 4—Regular
meeting of the Trades and Labor
Council convened this evening at 8
o'clock, President Wilkinson in the
chair, and other officers present, save
statistician.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and affirmed.
Credentials.
Longshoremen—Ben Huges, B. J.
Riley, N. Howard, George McRae.
Tile Layers—J. Kavanagh, Jas.
Smith.
Street Rallwaymen—P. Haigh, Fred
A. Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, E. S. Cleveland, H. S. Scbofleld, W. E. Beattie,
W. W. Burroughs, J, O. Plynn.
Steam Engineers—Fred Blumberg,
Wm. Byatt.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters—
Jas. Campbell, S. Kernighan, Street,
Fraser, Schurman, Sisterton, Milne,
Graham.
Bricklayers—Jas. Anderson, vice S.
P. Gow.
Letter Carlers—M. Buck, John
Cass.
Electrical Workers 213—J. F. Pils.
Amal. Carpenters—D Morgan, J. G.
Smith. W. Currte, J. A. Key G. H.
Page, J. W. Wilkinson, Wm. Manson.
W     6 mfw ofl,loflo,oztl
Communications.
From the Young Men's Christian Association, Vancouver, ln re Council's
request for civic commission.  Filed.
From A. D, Cartwirlght, secretary
Board of Railway Commissioners, Ot-
tawa, advising the Council that a sit-
ting ot the board would be held ln
Vancouver on July 27, at 10 a. m,
when the question of providing adequate protection at Pender street,
raised by the council, would be taken
up. Upon motion the council decided
to name a representative to attend the
sitting.
REPORTS OP COMMITTEES.
Executive.
Regular meeting Executive Com-
mlttee convened July 8 at 8 p, m.,
Pres. Wilkinson ln tbe chair.
Present: Delegates Wilkinson,
Campbell, McVety, Kernighan, Gard.
ner, McMillan, and tbe Secretary.
Communications from V. R. Mldg-
ly, Secretary B. C. Federation of La.
bor, re per capita tax. Recommended
for payment.   Concurrence.
From W. J. Bowser, attorney g
eral, Victoria, re Electrical Inspector
attending coroners' inquests. Filed.
Concurrence;
From A. E. Lees, chairman of Park
Commissioners, Vancouver, re Council's request for playgrounds at Coal
Harbor.   Filed.   Concurrence.
From Wm. Henry Green, Divisional
Commander of the Salvation Army,
Vancouver, re Council's request for
civic commission to enquire into
wages and conditions for women em-
ployed ln Vancouver. Filed. Concurrence.
From Wm. McQueen, city clerk, re
old court house site. Recommended
that this Council go on record as being In favor ot the old court house site
as a permanent park.   Concurrence.
From Herbert W. Collier, Chief Probation Officer, Juvenile Court, Vancouver, ln re civic, commission. Filed.
Secretary to send copy of resolution
to Mr. Collier personally. Concur
rence.
From W. S. Rawllngs, Secretary
Park Commissioners, Vancouver, re
Coal Harbor basin and playgrounds.
Referred to Parliamentary Committee.
Concurrence.
From University Club, Vancouver,
re civic commission. Piled. Concurrence.
From E. Cobb, Secretary C. N. R.
Strike Committee, ln re financial state-
ment  Filed.  Concurrence.
From P. M. Draper, Secretary Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, Ottawa; Convention call. Laid over until
first meeting in August  Concurrence.
Accounts.—W. W. Lefeaux, multl-
graphing, 11,80; R. P. Pettlplece,
stamps, |3.85; Vancouver Labor Tern-
pie Co., rent, 118,50; B. C. Federation
ot Labor, per capita, 16.00; Northwestern Messenger Service, Ltd., 25c;
U. B. of C. & ]., phone rent, April,
$2.00; J. H. McVety, Havelock Wilson
account, 17.20. Recommended for pay.
ment.   Concurrence.
Re Labor Day.—Referred to Open
Council for further instructions. Referred back to Unions; delegates to
report at next meeting.
Parliamentary Committee.
Secretary Pipes of the Parliamentary Committee submitted a report,
covering a number of questions..
The next meeting of the committee
will be held on July 12th, to which
all members are invited to be present.
Visitors Present.
Pres. Wilkinson called upon Wm.
Davidson (W. F. of M.), John W.
Bruce (Plumbers), and George Heath-
erson (Loggers), who were present as
visitors, to address the council In the
order named. The visitors were well
received and their remarks thoroughly enjoyed by the delegates.
Roll Call.
Fifty-six delegates signed the attendance roll.
Reports of Unions.
Tile Layers—Del. Kavanagh reported that Coquitlam asylum tile work
was being done by a non-union Portland firm.
Moving Picture Operators—Del. Sy-
monds reported that 10 moving picture
houses had Issued a mandate calling
upon operators to quit their union or
their houses. Full particulars would
be furnished the council. Denied the
correctness of tbe Sun's report regarding same.
Amalgamated—Del. Key reported a
strike of factory workers at Victoria.
Trade locally fair,
Street Railway Employees—Del.
Hoover reported that they had subscribed for more shares ln Labor Temple; now hold 3,000. Union would hold
a picnic on July 24 and 25 at Queens
Park, New Westminster.
Bricklayers—Del. Pipes reported all
members employed.
Nomination of Officers,
Pres. Wilkinson announced that he
was ready to receive nominations for
officers of the council for the ensuing
term same to be left open till next
meeting.
President—J. McMillan; McVety;
Kavanagh,
Vice-President—Kernighan; Hoover;
Pipes.
General Secretry—R. P. Pettlplece.
Secretary-Treasurer—Jas. Campbell.
Statistician—A. Beasley.
Sergeant-at-Arms—Kavanagh.
Trustees (three)—Palmer, Wilkinson, Kernighan, Hoover, Morgan.
Audit Committee*.
. Dels. Beasley, Blumberg- and Pipes
were named as an auditing committee.
New Business.
McVety—Beasley—That the secretary be Instructed to forward copies
of resolutions passed at last meeting,
PAINTERS' UNION
ELECTS OFFICERS
FOR ENBUINO TERM
W. J. Nagle Chosen as Business
Agent; President-Elect Hurry
Speaks; Council Endorsed.
The halt-yearly election of officers
was the most Important business at
our meeting in Labor Temple last
Thursday, and the names of the newly
elected officers are as follows:
President, H. Murry; vice-president,
J. E. Phillips; conductor, John Zoller;
conductor. West Morley.
The meeting endorsed the projected
playground and stadium instead ot an
artificial lake, with regard to the disposal of the area In Coal harbor.
The action of the TradeB and Labor
Council in asking the City Council to
appoint a committee to Investigate as
to the wages paid to women and children engaged in department stores,
biscuit factories, etc., was approved.
Business Agent Matheson reported
trade conditions fairly good and a few
applications for membership In hand.
After the Installation of officers,
President Murry was called on to
make a speech. "When I first came
to Vancouver I was much amused at
the different dialects of the members
who took part in discussing matters
of interest to the members, but I have
since been educated up to a more enlightened view of trade unionism,"
Bald Bro. Murry. "As far as\l am con-
cerned, it does not matter what a
man's creed, nationality, or dialect Is,
If I Bee any one who Is anxious to do
his beet, to better the conditions under which he worked, that Is the
man I try to help. - I hope the members will do their best to assist in furthering the Interests of 138, and by
doing so they will be furthering their
own Interests and the welfare of trade
unionism ln general."
One member was Initiated; sixty-two
members present
W. J. Nagle was elected business
agent by a large majority. There Is
no danger of 188 becoming a back
number.
FACTORY WORKERS AND
MACHINISTS ON STRIKE.
Advices to hand this morning from
Victoria state that the Factory Woodworkers and Machinists are on strike
ln that city for a reduction of the
10-hour day.
A visiting brother says that the
chances are good for winning out, It
the skates keep away from the iBland
City.
This movement on the part of the
Woodworkers and Machinists certainly
shows that.their conditions must have
been rotten, ae the men have only
been organized a few months under
the banner of tbe Amalgamated Society.
Vancouver Woodworkers, wake up,
and follow the progress of fellow-
workers ln Victoria.
asking for civic commission to Inquire
Into working conditions of women In
Vancouver department stores and factories, to each alderman ln the city.
Carried.
Lymonds—Freckelton—That organisation committee be requested to assist the Moving Picture Operators In
their trouble with a number of local
houses.   Carried.
Receipts, 113.90.
Expenses, 167.64.
Adjournment, 10:45 p.m.
™/n Union there's
strength
Let us get
together
It might be to
our mutual benefit
Big reductions on
SUITS
for the next 10
days. There up-
to - date nobby
styles, and we
keep them pressed for you.
OAK HALL
613 Granville Street
LON08HOBEMBNS' INTBRNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening. Room 807, 8
o'clock. President. B. Hushes; secretary,
T. Nixon, 740 Powell Street.
2nd Annual Mid-Summer
Clf P off Clothing, Hats and Fur-
iJsAI vTi nishings now in full Swing
A Sale Here Means Genuine Bargains
Everything for men and boys at greatly
reduced prices to clear. All prices marked
in plain figures.   You can see just what
you save.
LOOK FOR THE BIG RED ARROW
J. N. Harvey
 LIMITED
125-127 Hastings Street West
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B. 0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
Steam Engineers.
Organisation ot the Interatlonal
Steam Engineers Union, Is progressing rapidly, when the local here Initiated a larg number ot candidates at
their last meeting Wedneday night.
A large number of Engineers Interested in organisation were present and
after hearing the aims and objects of
the Engineers' Union decided that
their Interests could best be served by
joining. The general opinion seems
to be that through the negligence of
the engineers in the past ln not organising In a live organisation, out
to better the conditions of the men by
Increasing their pay and shortening
their hours instead of just being
shown how to earn more money,
but allowing the boss to collect it, as
has been the case,
established association In this olty
which has just degenerated Into a meal
ticket for Its paid officers
They all realized that they were
earning quite enough now if only they
find some way of getting It
Remember, all Engineers, that the
half-hour of meetings on Wednesday
night in Room 1, Labor Temple, is an
open meeting, free to all engineers
whether they belong to the organization or not and that we only want to
explain to them what are our alms
and objects are, and how they can be
benefited by belonging to us.
Shoe Repairers Organize. .
The Shoe Repairs of Vancouver City
and District have organized and will
attempt to adjust prices that will make
It possible for them to pay for leather
and a meal ticket They say that ln 1902
they received better prices for their
work than now, and meantime the
price of leather has advanced at least
15 per cent Orer 100 attended the organization ' meeting last Wednesday
evening, at the offices of Messrs.
Storey £ Campbell.
Amalgamated Carpenters.
Things are looking pretty bright
with the "Manglemated" once more,
notwithstanding the fact that the
great steam roller ot Oompers & Co.
Ib threatening to crush us out of "The
American Separation of Labor"; but it
will take a larger machine than "The
Hon, Sammy" can invent, unless he
has kid gloves on when he Is driving
it, but we expect to have the final
decision of the high court of American
(not Canadian) labor very shortly and
then we shall know where we get oft
at In the little game.
Our semi-annual local election has
jUBt terminated, and the following
members have been elected to represent us on the central bodies:
Trades and Labor Council—J. W.
Wilkinson, J. A. Key, W. Hanson, O.
H. Page, J. O. Smith, W. Currle and
D. Morgan.
Building Trades Council—J. W.
Wilkinson, T. Almond, W. Dennles, W.
West, J. Bltcon.
For the office ot business agent, Bro.
J. A. Key has been elected by a large
majority vote, and takes this opportunity of requesting nil members to
aid him in his work by boosting unionism on all possible occasions, as every
non-union carpenter In the city Is an
obstacle In our path which has to be
removed before we can hope to attain any kind of solidarity.
THOMAS SPAHN
316 Carrall St.
PLUMBING, HEATINQ AND
REPAIRS.
Thoroughly praotlcal snd has had a
wide experience. Hit location Is the
most central In the city. Having been
In business In the olty for nearly three
years, and having made a study of ths
needs ef the public In his time. Is
conducting business In a manner that
Is gradually winning him a large and
established business. Mr. Spohn employs no boys; none but strictly first-
class mechanics ssnt on his work.
Should you need a plumber, or wish
estimates on any work In his line, call
at 316 Carrall St., or phone Seymour
4822.
Women's and Men's HaU
Cleaned     ft THE HAT
Blocked and
Dyed
|533 Richsrds St]
When you plsy Pool Plsy st the
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union
39  Hastings Street East
J. O. Parliament, Prop.
Red Arrow III Tools-Hardware
Pharmacy
WHEN in need of Drugs,
Chemicals, Toilet Articles, Drug Sundries or Medicines of any kind, you will
flnd our stook complete. We
pay particular attention to
the compounding of prescriptions given to our oare, and
base our price on cost of material-used, which enables us
to give you the best service
at the lowest possible oost.
Always in stock: Cigars, To-
. bacco, Cigarettes and Confectionery.
Tree Delivery to Any Part
of the Oity.
Cor. Keefer ft Campbell Ave.
Phones: Sey. 8889
Residence, B868L
Highest Quality at Lowest Prices
Best 7-pooket heavy Carpenter's Apron, with legs or straps  .90
Pattern Makers' Tool Cases, all sizes and shapes.
Steel Carpenters' Cases, with wood lining .............   $5,90
Genuine Russell Joining's Bits, in Sets, in canvas case
per set 88.25
Full Set Rockford Augur Bits, in case  84.78
Clark Improved Expansive Bits; cuts from {th to 3 inches $1.25
Automatic Drills 81.25, $1.00, $1.90
THE HOUSEKEEPERS MARKET    .
Finest Prices on
Groceries - Provisions
China, Glass, Sundries
Fruits for Preserving
Garden Tools, Hose
Camping and Picnic
Outfits, Lawn Mowers

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