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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 22, 1912

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'ourth Year, No. 63.
11.00 A YE|B
One Would almost think trom the
amount of agitation which has been
aroused of late that the problem of
sexual prostitution had only Just made
Its appearance ln Vancouver. It bas
always been here, but has only now assumed an Intensified form by the official recognition of a district Inhabited
solely by women prostitutes. As long
as the vice hid Itself away from public
sight tbe purist conscience of the
Goody Government Leamie type was
quiet, but Immediately tbe civic authorities sanctioned the segregated district then the trouble began in earnest.
This- Is typical of the smug self-
righteousness of the average British
community. Oven though millions are
on the verge of starvation (Sir Henry
Campbell Bannerman, prime minister
of Great Britain, said that 12,000,000 of
the population of the British Isles were
always on the verge of starvation), and
though thousands of children are growing up In the most degraded environment, yet long as things look all right
right on the surface then nothing else
The motto of the British has always
been, "keep up appearances"—the
creed of glorified grocers and "elevated" tradesmen who, with tbe assistance of a religion whloh, the clergy
who teach It do not believe ln, have
made us what we are. The discovery
Is no comfort; it's only a warning.
Now, tbe first thing to do when a
problem has to be solved is to study
the given quantity, and deduce from
that the solution, In this city there
are many thousands of unmarried men,
Most of these are young, healthy and
lUBty. They live In rooming-houses,
eat their meals In restaurants, and are
shut oft from the clean Influences of
domestic life which men may enjoy
who have real homes to live ln.
All men who care to be honest with
themselves know this, that the aver
age man Is generally ready to exchange
the pleasures of sexual Intercourse
with women who are disposed that
way. This Is only natural because
the desire Is there, and If the desire
Is there It Is also natural that It should
seek Its own satisfaction. -
At the same time, though the- desire Is present In the average man and
is the natural Instinct by which the
race le perpetuated, yet the average
man Is not a deliberate seducer or de-
spoiler ot virginity. All average men
know this, ln spite of the aggressive
caution displayed by wary mammas
when they are trying to form an opinion ot the male friends of their daugh-
, ters.
The Doctor Spencer type of mind at
once says: "Well, why don't these men
marry?" That Is a very good question
from a very bad economist, and it also
marks the spot where the rub comes
A working man who thoughtfully
faces the question of matrimony ln
Vancouver (that Is, if men ever tace
this question thoughtfully anywhere,
any time) will find, first of all, that
the law of supply and demand Is something he will have to take into account
when seeking an eligible partner. The
demands which marriage will make on
his limited income are such that he
has to be candid anil ask himself whether he Ib Justified In asking a woman
to share an Income which Is already
barely enough for one, let alone two
and maybe more, for amongst the
thousand possibilities of matrimony
the two-legged kind predominates.
Women, too, are more alive to the j
economic aspect of marriage than they
were years ago. That is to say, women who are really fit to be wives, tor
a woman who does not think about
ways and means before she marries
Is likely to wreck the happiness of the
venture by her post-marriage experiments. The wouldbe wise ones would
have ua believe that women do not
think, but whether they do or not they
certainly display a keen sense of the
Importance ot money when selecting
their husbands, for they know that upon that fact depends the quality of the
rearing they can give to their children.
Once tbe children come, the importance of the husband takes a secondary
place, only his importance as a money-
getter remains. It you doubt this ask
a woman friend to ask your wife and
to come back and tell you tha truth
about what your wife says. Don't be
such a fool as to ask your wife yourself, for she knows that the only way
to keep you In a good temper IS to let
you think you are still the most Important thing around the house,
There are thousands of young working men today wbo, whilst they are
quite willing and Inclined to marry,
nevertheless refrain from doing so because they know that the wages which
they get, even if they are able to find
work all the time, are not more than
will support one person decently. They
know, too, that nothing undermines
domestic happiness so quickly aB the
heart-breaking game o. trying to make
two short ends meet. Only men who
know these things have a right to
marry, and they do not marry unless
they can properly dress and clothe
their wives and children and surround
them with those domestic comforts
which modern civilisation has made essential to all men and women whose
outlook on life Is higher than the "bed
and work" point.
Low wages, insurity of employment
and Increased cost of living make most
thoughtful men halt on the threshold
of matrimony, and the stress of modern
lite is fast developing a new type of
monk—the economic monk. But he is
not necessarily, an ascetic, nor is the
baBlc passion of mankind thereby
stamped out of him. Rather than that
his sexual desires are Intensified by
lack of opportunity for legitimate activity and many of his kind go per-
force to the loose woman for casual
Many over-good people seem to think
that all the women who inhabit the segregated district are there from choice.
Doubtless a portion of them are, but
from personal acquaintance with some
of their kind, and observation of the
dally routine of their lives, it Ib difficult to believe that the majority adopt
the lite for purely voluntary reasons.
Let the average man—he Is not exactly a saint in his sexual Inclinations,
snd he knows It—ask himself this
question privately, and answer It the
same way, for If any one else asks blm
he will moBt likely tell a lie in order
Vancouver unionists will be
pleased to know that J. W.
Bruce, organizer for the United
Association of Plumbers and
Steamfltters, with headquarters
at Toronto, is now en route to
Vancouver and Is due here today. He was ln Calgary last
week. Organiser Bruce Is no
stranger to Canadian Pacific
coast unionists and will he a
welcome visitor. Bro. Bruce
suffered the loss of his wife a
few months ago at Toronto, and
now one ot his boys is reported
as ill, which may necessitate his
return east before coming to
When in Doubt
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
i. >. anamusv
Hnuolal sjMxtus- v. a. ol Oupenten
aaa gosun.
to make somebody who Is no better
than he is think he Is a monument of
virtue. Let him ask himself this:
"Supposing I were a girl, good-looking,
young and full of the Joy of life, and
I found that by working ln a departmental store I could only get from (4
to |10 a week, and that by obliging my
outwardly virtuous men friends from
time to time I could make from $60 to
|200 a week, which should I be likely
te do?"
Now that is exactly the question
which confronts thousands of girls ln
Vancouver and elsewhere, and those
srho have studied this question the
closest know that the redlight districts
of all large cities are largely recruited
from the ranks of girls wbo cannot
support themselves on the low wages
paid to them by employers, who themselves are often members of Good Government Leagues or financial contributors to such Institutions.
Many a girl ln this city has gone to
her boss, or his manager, and said that
she could not pay 13 weekly room rent
and $6 weekly for food, and dress as
he Insists she shall dress whilst working In his store out of the 47 or $8 a
week which he pays her. Tbe answer
as often as not is, "Well, no, girlie;
I guess you can't, but then, surely you
have some friends?"
Every day of her life this girl sees
hundreds of other girls dressed in nice
clothes and enjoying many ot the good
things of life which she herself desires
and has a right to.    She Is what the
ON JUNE 28 OR 30
John Pearson, secretary of tho
Sailors' Union in Vancouver, has
been in communication with
Walter MacArthur, editor of the
Coast Seamen's Journal at 'Ms-
Co, with the idea of securing a
visit from Havelock Wilson, president of the world-wide Sea-
mens' Union, who Is now on the
coast, having arrived at 'Frisco
on Thursday, Juu* 13, He has
received the assurance that Mr.
Wilson will be in'Vancouver on
June 28 or SO, ant the matter of
organising a publ|o mass meeting Is now ln the hands of the
Trades and Labor Council executive.
Oaasral ■Mntarr-Tnaram Vaaeeavn
BtUdlBr MSh OomoU—TlM-FnU-
4ns T. sod Is OouaoU—Tlw-rrMMnt
Knee aempls Company, aimttsc
boss would call "good," the other Is
possibly the mistress ot the boss and
Is wearing On her back things which
have been purchased ont of the profits
which have been sweated from the labor of the "good" girl and hundreds
like her. Some day she may see things
ss they really are, and then—well
think It out for yourself.
Indeed, If the root, cause of prostitution Is earnestly sought It will be
found In nine cases out of ten to he
an economic one.
What Is responsible;'tor the choice
of Alexander street aa the site of the
segregated district?, 7 ,
Get to the bottom of that, and most |
likely tt would be found that persons
influential In the public life of Vancouver have made handsome profits
from the sale of the land, upon which
they took options to the landladies of
the bawdy-houses,
I do not think that Mayor Flndlay
or the police commissioners have
enough knowledge of economics to understand the real causes of the prostitution problem, but I believe that ln
sanctioning the establishment of a segregated district they' have done the
best thing that can be done until the
people who elected them learn for
themselves the real causes and put
men In office who reflect that knowledge.
If Mayor Flndlay had a running ulcer
on his body, would Dr. Spencer advise
him to take Mb finger and rub the matter and suppuration which poured from
tbe ulcer all over his body? Not
likely. He would advise him to keep
the trouble In one place and localize
It. It Is the same with the prostitution problem. If It Is spread all over
the city It will be a bigger problem
than ever, for It cannot be stamped
out by that method.
If Dr. Spencer had a cancer on his
body he might Just as well think he
could remove It by putting a piece of
flesh-colored sticking plaster over it.
He is a mental ostrich who seems to
think that by dispersing this thing all
over the city, so that he does not know
where It Is, that consequently it will
not exist.
Mayor Flndlay was'tbe same over
the Free Speech trouMe. but his. bead
was pulled out of tbe sand for him and
next January he will be pulled out ot
office by his friends for the same reason, commodities, neither Dr. Spencer nor
It Dr. Spencer and his kind want to any of his smug associates have any
really abolish prostitution let them go right to condemn any woman for her
down to the root of the trouble, and methods of gaining a livelihood. "He
what is more, when they come up that Ib without sin let him cast the
again let them tell their congregations first stone.
what they have found—If tbey dare.
Denunciation of loose women won't accomplish anything fundamentally, even
If. It resulted in the abolition of the
district—which Is not likely.
The late W. T. Stead visited the Chi.
cago redlight district and described
what he saw as "hell with the lid on."
Gipsy Smith held gospel meetings
there and the women were delighted
for more people learned of the district
than ever and trade Improved wonderfully from the advertisement.
When It Ib possible for all men to
be certain of being able to obtain a
sufficiency of the necessaries of life
by working for them then they will be
able to marry and ..vo decently,
Such Is not the case today, for the
majority ot men do not know from day
to day whether they will be able to
flnd an employer, which Ib the only
way they can exchange their labor for
bread, no matter how anxious they
may be to do so.
While the bodies and souls of women
are exploited for profit ln the departmental stores and factories and shops
It Ib not possible for thousands of them
to earn enough to preserve their honor
and chastity.
Until the manhood and womanhood
of the nation are lifted from the list of
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish, etc. There's no other overalls that can
hold n candle with them for good values.   Prices	
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally good. Note
the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good Jacket, that's the
one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Bay Stores
VANCOUVER, June 20.—Regular
meeting Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council convened this evening at 8
o'clock, President J. \v. Wilkinson In
the chair and all other officers present, Bave Trustee Kernighan.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and affirmed.
Cooks—C.'F. Duke.
Received, obligated and seatel.
Present:   Dels. Wilkinson, McVety,
Campbell, McMillan, Kavanagh, Gardner and the secretary.
Communication from Chas. R. Ather-
ton, general secretary Metal Polishers' International Union, Clncinnatti,
Ohio, In reorganization work in Vancouver, Referred to organization committee.
From P. D. Draper, secretary-treasurer Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, Ottawa, call for per capita
tax. Secretary to advise that It bad
already been paid.   Concurrence.
From W. J. Bowser, attorney-general, Victoria, B. 0„. advising that the
Increased remuneration ot Jurors In
British Columbia would receive the at-
tendon of his department at next session.   Filed.
From J. E. Nurnberger, conductor
Vancouver city band, ln re controversy
with Municlans' union. Filed and acknowledged. No label on letterhead.
From Samuel Gompers, president of
American Federation of Labor, Washington,, asking for report on council's
attitude towards election ot A.. F.. of
L. officers by referendum.. Secretary to reply ln favor of referendum
tor election of officers..
From William McQueen, city clerk
Vancouver, advising council that provision had been made for seating a
representative at city council meetings..   Filed..
Following accounts recommended
for payment: Cowan & Brookhouse,
2,000 letterheads, $8.76; 0 1-2-sheet
cards, $2.75, Jas, Campbell, June
wages and sundries, 111.50; R. P. Pettlplece, June wages, $10. B. C. Federatlonist—Angell Engraving Co.,
cuts, $5.75. Clelland-Dlbble Engraving Co., $22. F. Lefeaux, multigraph-
Ing, $2.30, E. T. Kingsley, stock,
composition, press-work, folding, mailing and mailing list, issue No. 61, June
8 $86.60; Issue No. 62, June 16, $78.25;
108-page special edition, $1,329.35; express on desk, $2, R. Battson Co., on
Am. T. ad., $31.20; R. P. Pettipiece,
cash, June 8, $12; June 15, $12; discount on Shoe Dealers' check, 25 cents;
June 22, $12; June 19, stamps, $1,
total, $37.25; wages, June 8 to June
22, at $80,, $60. George Bartley, part
wages on special, $10. J. H. Burrongh,
part wages, June 8 to 22, $10. Upon
motion ordered paid. i
Re Playgrounds for Coal Harbor.
We commend the presentation of the
council's position before the park
commlBsioners, pressing for playgrounds at Coal Harbor, and Instruct
the secretary to write to the board of
park commissioners emphasising the
necessity of carrying out such a plan.
Havelock Wilson.
John Pearson appeared before the
executive committee and advised them
that Havelock Wilson, president of the
International Seamens' Union, would
be in Vancouver at the end of this
Your committee recommends that
the council provide a hall for the holding of a mass meeting upon his arrival.
Parliamentary Committee.
Secretary Pipes of the Parliamentary committee, reported that the
Workmen's Compensation Act had
been laid over for further consideration, as was also the system of peonage now in vogue at the Britannia
and other mines.
In connection with council's declaration In favor of the fllllng-ln of Coal
Harbor to form a playground for the
people, Instead of the proposed lake,
your committee recommends that
copies of the resolution be forwarded
to all unions ln the city, and to the
playgrounds commission, the Y. M. C.
A., the amateur athletic associations
and other associated bodies throughout the city, asking them to take similar action as Boon as possible. Con.
Your committee recommends that
the council draw the attention of the
Medical Association to the action of
the police surgeon, Dr. McTavlsh, In
adjudging M, Betschowa Insane. Also
that the Medical Association be asked
to protest against the action of the
police department ln refusing to allow doctors admission to prisoners
when asked for.   Concurrence.
Your committee recommends that
the council address a letter to the police commissioners protesting against
the discriminative action of the police authorities in arresting labor
speakers on public thoroughfares and
allowing religious speakers to speak
unmolested.   Concurrence.
Your committee recommends that
the secretary ot the council write tbe
minister of Justice requesting that the
men now Imprisoned In connection
with the free speech campaign be released.   Concurrence.
Your committee recommends that
the secretary write the playgrounds
commission and the park board urging the necessity of more public
conveniences ln the parka of the city,
Stanley park in particular. Concurrence.
Your committee recommends that
the secretary be Instructed to write
the attorney-general asking that Electrical Inspector Roberts be Instructed
to attend inquests ln cases where men
are electrocuted.   Concurrence.
Chairman Palmer and Secretary
Pipes had appeared before the park
board with reference to tho council's
resolution favoring playgrounds for
Coal Harbor.
Seventeen delegates were present at
the meeting and a new representative
was seated from the, Longshoremen's
Report as a whole adopted.
Organization Committee.
Delegate McMillan reported that
the Steam and Electrical Engineers'
organization meeting had proved a
success, seventeen new members being added to the roll. Received as
progress report.
Reports of  Unions.
Machinists—Delegate McVety reported that though many of the members had been on strike for over two
years, the union had subscribed for
another bunch of shares in the Labor
temple. Many of the Individual members were also subscribing liberally
to what they considered a first-class
Investment. Delegate Maitlnson reported that the railway workers on ail
lines weBt of the Missouri river were
now voting on the proposition to call
a general strike.
Barbers—Delegate Burkhart report
ed that the employing barbers had
asked for a new schedule of working
conditions ln which a halt-day was to
be worked on Labor Day; a request
that the union had turned down. Gen*
eral Organizer Felder would visit the
city shortly.
Amalgamated Carpenters—Delegate
Smith reported membership increasing; trade good.
Painters—Delegato Freckclton re.
ported trade conditions fair; membership Increasing.
Brotherhood of Carpentera—Delegate Burnham reported thnt the district council, recently organized, was
getting along nicely; three business
agents and a general organizer wore
busy and getting results, Several
union Jobs In tho city now and the
prospects for increasing the number
were very favorable. Labor temple
calls for union men Increasing daily.
Election of Brotherhood officers for
ensuing term had takon place at last
Musicians—Delegate Ward reported
regarding non-union bands In tho city;
urged unionist to ask for the musician's union card as a teat when employing them.
Building Trades Council—Delegate
McMillan reported trade good and tho
carpenters employed by the school
trustees are receiving less than tho
minimum union rate of wageB, despite
the fact that In their contracts for the
erection of school buildings they have
a clause which stipulates that the rate
to bo paid on the work shall be the
minimum union rate of wages. How-
(Continued on Page 4.)
To give a true outline of the strike
to the workera of British Columbia It
Is necesary to' hark back to the1 conditions that prevailed along the C.
N. R. previous to the strike. For the
workers to comprehend the situation
it Is necessary that they know something of the cause* that led up to
the walkout and the facts that the demands ot the striken were baaed on.
Anyone who has ever- worked ln
a construction camp knows that At
best these Jobs are bad ones. The
construction worker la denied the
things that make life bearable for the
city worker—a home, a wife and children. He Is herded In bunkhouses
far removed from the Joys, pleasures
or conveniences of civilization and
life becomes a dull, monotonous, laborious grind. The worker under
such conditions becomes more beast!
than man.
All the worst and none ot the good
features' of camp life wu .present
along the C, N. R. The places provided for the workers to live In could
only be termed bunkhouses by cour-
tesy. Most of the-men that worked
along the line were Immured to bad
and Insanitary conditions In camps,
but even these were shocked with
conditions as they found them on the
C. N. Words can hardly describe
the situation, and it Is almost beyond
Imagination. Tbe men lived In shacks
without floors or windows, and the
only provisions made for ventilation
were doors that were fashioned, to
save space, on an extremely n
scale. Tier after tier ot bunks were
crowded Into the shacks, and scarcely
sufficient apace waa left between them
to permit a man to crawl Into bed.
Owing to tbe overcrowding and lack
of ventilation the air became ao foul
nights that It was not. an uncommon
occurrence for the men to arise in
the morning too sick to work.
The food provided was on about a
par with the sleeping accommodations.
The men found It Impossible to stand
the board but a very short time and
many were taken sick and were removed to the hospital as a result of
being subjected to the treatment described. Where any provisions were
made tor toilets, the contractors,
through Ignorance or lnd.fference,
placed them where they were a menace, and not a safeguard, to the health
ot all in the camp. To illustrate: In
one camp a toilet was so arranged
and placed that the refuse was discharged In the river Immediately upstream from the place where water
was drawn for cooking purposes.
The wages paid vere very low and
not ln keeping with the extremely
high prices charged for board anu
commissaries. The men ln discussing the situation declared that they
were building the road for their overalls and snuff, meaning board, working clothes and tobacco. And this
was true. The writer, after working
ten days ln one camp at the hardest
and most dangerous kind of toll, had
lust cleared thirty cents over all expenses.
The chief cause for discontent was
the Indifference of the contractors
for the safety of the lives and limbs
of the workers.   The work, by Its na-
The unionists of the province
ot Alberta are the first to follow
the lead of British Columbia ln
the actual formation of a Provincial Federation of Labor.
Delegates from all Industrial
centres of the province convened
at Lethbrldge last Saturday and
succeeded In completing the
formation of the second organization of the sort ln Canada.
Upon the following officers
has devolved the duties and-
Bponslbllltles of the Federation
for the year 1912-13:
President—John Jones, Femle.
Vice-Presidents—W. G. Tre-
glllus and George Howell ot Cat-
gary; Donald McNabb of Lethbrldge; Jas. Thompson of Medicine Hat; J. Qnlnce of Barrons;
and W. Hughes or Edmonton.
The first annual convention of
the new Federation of Labor Is
scheduled to meet ln July, 1913,
at Medicine Hat, and it is the
hope of the exceptive board that
by that time the affiliated membership will have reached 15,000
tare, would be extremely dangerous
under tbe most careful administration,
but the contractor!, In tbelr greed aad
cupidity, sacrificed aaa after man
where it could have been prevented.
It was common to hear a crippled
worker, when speaking of the accident that had robbed him of an arm
or a leg, remark bitterly that mm
wear cheaper to the contractor than
Umber, and that It cost him lees It a
worker lost a limb than It would to
provide timber that would hav* prevented the rail of rock that had canoed
the accident. Indeed, alone the Fraser River human life was held ltt contempt by the contractors. Workers'
Were plentiful and they had to work
or starve, so why waste money or
time ln safeguarding the live! of th*
workers?  Why,'indeed?
Tbe workers found it necessary to
organise, and they were thorough In
their manner and method. All during the winter months they-carried on
a campaign of education and organisation, and preparations were made
for the struggle that everyone knew
was Inevitable. While thli was going
on numerous small conflicts occurred.
In some camps tbe boss wai forced
to remedy the bunkhouse outrages; In
others to provide better food. Ae petition with 6,000 signers was forwarded to the health authorities requesting ail Investigation of the violation
of the health act A government Inspector did Investigate and his report
to his department stated the contractors were violating the law, and action should be taken, ae the necessity
of remedying the conditions was urgent; but the government failed to
In March the unrest became marked
In all the camp*. On the 27th day ot
that month the men in Nelson Benson'* Camp No. 4, unable to stand the
unbearable condition* any longer,
walked out In a body. On their way
to Lytton they were Joined by the
crew* of the camp* they puied. Upon
reaching Lytton a meeting wa* held
and delegates appointed to carry the
strike call along the entire line. Camp
after camp walked out, and In three
day* the line was tied up completely.
Out of the 7,000 men involved not
fifty remained at work. To the surprise
ot the contractor* the walkout wai
a perfect success.
The men then arranged to carry on
the strike orderly and In an Intelligent manner, Committee* were elected and commissaries, sleeping quarters and details of housing and feeding 7,000 men were attended to. Strict
discipline was maintained. Drunkenness was prohibited, and thee* who
Insisted on getting drunk were soon
controlled. A system ot communication between the various strike camp*
wa* established and all matter* pertaining to the strike baadtsst w«h
good Judgment The striken' had the
situation well In hand and waited the
first move of tbe boss, They bad not
long to wait
The strike locality wna flooded with
police and deputies and an active
campaign of suppression was started
In the hopes of stampeding the men.
The right to picket under any or all
circumstances was dented. The leaders of the strike were arrested without eouse or excuse and railroaded to
Jail on charges of vagrancy. Men who
bad not even spoken to a policeman
were charged with Intimidation of an
officer and received sentences of from
six months to a year. After a time
it was found that the strikers were
still standing Arm, so further persecutions were resorted to. Forcible deportation began. The men were ordered at the point of a gun either to
return to work or leave the strike
country. Their demands that the procedure prescribed by law be enacted,
that they be arrested and tried if
they had committed a crime, were
not heeded and the men were forced
to leave under heavy armed guard.
Protests to tbe Government were Ignored. Martial law was practically
ln operation without cause or formal
All the rights that the workers are
supposed to have were trampled under foot The right to picket or to
strike were virtually dented. But
still the strikers were not discouraged; on the contrary, they were
more determined than ever. The desertions have been so few that they
were not worth mentioning and the
bosses had not succeeded tn getting
scabs. Picket lines were established
at every point that the contractors
attempted to obtain Bcabs. Such
picket lines exist, nt the present moment, in all the large cltleB in the
(Continued on Page 4.)
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the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Eleven Branches  in  Vancouver
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Cspitsl Aulhwind - $10,000,000.00
Capital Psid-sp - 6,000.000.00
RstsmFiuul    .    .    6.000,000.00
Interest allowed on deposits
of ONE  DOLLAR and upwards FROM DATB OF
Main Office—640 Hasting*
Street West.
Hastings and Abbott St.
Branoh — 84 Hastings
Street West.
Fairview  Branoh — 2013
Granville Street S.
Main Street Branoh—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
How People Save
More Money
A definite practical plan
for accumulating money
is to deposit a Stated
Sum, each week or
month, in the
It is not so much the
as it is the regularity.
Start an Account With
U« Today
Office of B. C. Federatlonist, Lsbor
Tsmpls.   Phone 3690.
Something New
If you are ruptured you should
have the best. This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Appliance.
Write or Call for Information
Private Fitting Rooms
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   Pn    594 Richards
6760 llU.        Street
Owned and published weekly by Vancouver Trades and Labor council, with
which is affiliated flfty-two unions,
embracing a membership of 8,000
Issued every Saturday morning.
HamHur nilton B. Purmsfr Frttlplscs
oactl   aeoni 110, labor Temple
Csl. —j. MM.
Subscription:    $1.00 per year;   In Vancouver City, $1.26;   to unions subscribing in a body. 75 cents,
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2 Inches, per Issue 70c 1.40
3 inches, per issue 00c 1.80
4 inches, per Issue 55c 2.20
6 Inches and upwards 50c 2.50
Transient advertisements, 10c per line,
subsequent Insertions. 5c ner line; 14
lines to the Inch. _
Correspondence from unions and union,
ists  invited.
'Units' of Labor; ths hope of the world."
PAPER.    If this number Is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
OF 1915.
A strong sentiment prevails ln labor
circles of this province that tbe Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, which
meets this year at Guelph, Ont., should
come to Vancouver ln 1915—the year
when so many cities up and down tbe
coast will hold fete days to commemorate tbe opening of the Panama
canal. This announcement may seem
to some to be too previous, but It may
be pointed out that ln these busy days
In order to accomplish anything of Importance preparations must be started
very early. Besides we must not be
behind other coast cities during Panama year, which will see so many big
conventions coming westward. During that year extraordinary special
rates will be made on ail transcontinental lines to and from San Francis-
so's world's Panama exhibition, via
Vancouver. Eastern delegates can
take advantage of these Inducements,
and will thus be enabled to see the
last great west, take ln the Golden
Gate city, and attend the Vancouver
Congress of 1916. The Terminal city
Is the only large one ln Canada that
tbe Trades and Labor Congress has not
yet visited, and The Federationist submits In all fairness that we are entitled
to the honor of having the convention
held here that year, which will be
the twenty-flfth anniversary of British
Columbia's affiliation with the Congress.   ,
Slavery Includes all other crimes.
It Is the Joint products of the kidnapper the pirate thief murderer and
hypocrite. It degrades labor and corrupts leisure.
With the Idea that labor Is the
basts of progress goes the truth that
labor must be free. The laborer must
be a free man.
I would like to see this world, at
least, so that a man could die and not
tret that he had left bis wife and children a prey to the greed, the avarice,
or tbe cruelties of mankind.
There Is something wrong ln a
government where they who do the
most have the least. There Is something wrong when honesty wears a
rag and rascality a robe; when the
loving the tender, eat a crust, while
the Infamous sit at banquets.
Tbe laboring people should unite
and should protect themselves against
all Idlers. You can divide mankind
Into classes: The laborers and the
Idlers, the honest and tbe dishonest.
Every man la . dishonest wbo lives
upon tbe unpaid labors of others, no
matter If he occupies a throne.
We need free bodies and free minds
free labor and free thought, chain-
less hands and fetterless brains. Free
labor will give us wealth. Free
thought will give us truth.
There will never be a generation of
great men until there has been a generation of free women—of free moth's.
When women reason, and babies sit
In the laps of philosophy, the victory
of reason over the shadowy host ot
darkness will be complete.
The rights of men and women
should be equal and sacred—marriage
should be a perfect partnership—children should be governed hy kindness
—every family should be a republic
—every fireside a democracy.
Every school building being erected
tbis season ln Vancouver Is the product ot non-union labor. It's wbat
the unionists voted for last January.
If the workers were but aB half alert
as their employers when their Inter-
ests are likely to be affected Industrially or politically the day when things
will be owned as tbey are used would
not be far distant.
Mayor Flndlay receives $5,000 a
year. He Is probably paid from the
same fund that Is made up of fines
The Bank of
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so olosoly
nll'ects your future welfire
and happiness as thrift and
laving. They are the parentB
of nearly, every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safo keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since tho year 1855
We receive deposits of SI
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    •    •  B.O.
from woman, victims of Alexander
street. Comes awfully near being a
case of living off the avails, of prostitution.
Premier McBride has surely earned
his royal title, for never was there a
more fawning ever-ready tool of the
employing class reared on two legs.
The big Interests, foreign and other
wise, couldn't do the lob any better If
they were doing It for themselveB.
Many workingmen along the Pacific
coast are beginning to learn what the
bosses keep police around for. Not
only are tbey needed to see the boss
to an auto when he gets plastered, but
It must be seen that the slaves are
kept on their own ekldway. Talk about
The A. F. of L. organizers report
that never have they met with such
success In their work as ln tbe present
year, unions all over the continent, almost without exception, gaining garge-
ly in membership and new ones being
formed dally. The percentage of unorganized ln the skilled crafts Is being
gradually reduced and tbe tendency to
federation of unions, or industrial un.
lonism, Ib becoming pronunced.
Tho United States of America Is a
large tract of land lying between Canada and Mexico by permission ot J.
P. Morgan. It Is populated principally by Theodore Roosevelt and Wm.
H. Taft Several other persons are
said to reside there, but nothing bas
been heard ot them for some time.
The principal Industries consist of the
Republican Convention and tbe newspaper business. It exports a large
volume of political forecasts, while tbe
home market Is quite able to absorb
the vast amount ot abuse and horrible'
threats dally produced.
The average person does not think.
He Is born into a certain mental atmosphere, and absorbs his Ideas without thought. When the feudal age was
on be thought In terms of knight* and
nobles and vassals. He could not picture any other state of society, Now
that capitalism Is here he thinks ln
terms of employers and employees,
wages and dividends, rented houses
and strikes. He cannot picture any
other state of society. That Is why
Socialists have such a hard time with
him. He thinks he thinks, and must
be shown what thinking really Is.--
Cotton's Weekly.
The exhibition of belly-crawling sycophancy on the part of the provincial
Conservative press on the occasion of
Premier McBride's knighthood Ib only
what could be expected from the political bums whose sole ambition Ib to
get a seat at the pie-counter, or a large
handout ln the shape of fat printing
contracts. PreBs parasites and prostitutes are giving a complete exemplification of what the poet meant when
be alluded to those who "crook the
pregnant hinges of the knee, that thrift
may follow fawning." They are fair-
weather friends, Dick. Wait until your
political fortunes change, and then see
where they are.    Speed the day.
All strikes and lockouts resolve
themselves Into a test of the condition
of the labor market. If the market Is
crowded with workers and work
hungry slaves, the employer wins. If
tbe reverse Is tbe case, and there te
not sufficient surplus ot unemployed,
then the workers win—If they are not
fooled into accepting "arbitration," and
compromise away all that they might
have secured by going out, The modern slave market is the Caesar to
which both sides appeal to settle the
dispute, and tbe resulting verdict Is
always beyond criticism, tor tt Is always In strict accordance with the
state of tbe market—the relation of
supply to the demand for labor-power.
The average wage-worker, who Is
employed ln mechanical and industrial
establishments, according to government statistics, creates something like
11,151 worth of wealth ln a year. According to the same authority he gets
ln wages only $476. Here Is. a differ
ence of $176, which the workers earns,
but doesn't get, Queer, Isn't It? The
worker earns the wealth with his
brains and bands, and common Justice
entitles him to all he creates. He
creates $1,161 worth, but receives only
$476. Wbo gets the rest of It! Answer; The owners of the machinery
of production, or what socialists term
the capitalist class. They get it as a
legitimate and legalized) rake-oft by
virtue ot the fact that they own the
machinery of production. — Baker's
Journal. •
"Young man! Come West and Join
the Beaver Club, the Conservative or
ganlzatlon ln this land,of 'opportunities,' and, provided that you can contribute to the slush fund and deliver
the goods ln the shape of votes, we
will take care of you." Mark Eagleson,
late Conservative member for tbe district of Llllooet ln the last parliament,
and proprietor ot the Victoria hotel
In the town of that name, had a board,
er who fell behind In his rent through
no fault of his own, his principals In
Michigan not having come through. He
got a Job at a local sawmill and earned
enough to pay hi* bill, when his em-
ployer fell sick and had to go to Vancouver for some money. Mr, Eagleson
appealed to the police, who obllglgly
arrested the culprit, and held him In
gaol tor forty days after the preliminary hearing, and then had to produce
him at the assises, and explain to the
Judge why they had done so, nnd why
he was denied opportunity to obtain
ball. "British Justice" has a distinctly
Conservative odor In B. C. these days.
The theory of substituting the strike
for political action Is based upon tbe
assumption that society and the state
have no resources with wblhh to meet
tbe strike. No greater fallacy was
ever propounded In connection with
the woklng class movement. I know
the value of tbe strike, what it has accomplished and what tt still can
achieve. So long, however, as the
state Is In tbe bands of, and under the
control of,' the capitalist class, the
strike on a big scale has difficulties to
encounter whlcb will, I feath prove Insuperable. The upshot, therefore, Is
that sooner or late the workers wtll
be forced Into political action. There
are many drawbacks associated with a
reform secured by Act of Parliament,
but the conditions of modern industry
lead to the conclusion that such reforms alone are likely to be permanent
and abiding. Political action Is not so
sbowy as the other and calls for more
drained preparation; but the working
class must develop the necessary qualities If In the end It Is to win freedom
from economic bondage.—J. Kelr
Unemployed to B* Accentuated.
The head of the natural resources
department of the C. P. R.. bas announced that 50,000 more men are
needed for railway construction in
Western Canada than are at present
available. The Lord loves a cheerful
Wagi^cirkeW forum
«,™'?S B- A Federatlonist; When a
"SBUS"* .trlM t0 wrlte " '•"" for
Pffiucatlon In a newspaper, he feels In
JimAeif 1 W"n«. 'hat want which Is
S5KKterte,!c ln all those who have been
aenled a college education, or a tutor's
nstructlon re classics. The writer, being one of those, self-educated through
a wide fund of good reading and a
U,n.0.w'Sdge.°f 'he world In general, It
SS? Jfe. "'Interest to the readers of
IS Fe">rationlst to put before them a
row facta which the present-day workers have to face.
„ J1""—Craft Unions: One can hear In
whatever part of the country he resides,
grievances from fellow-workers; more
so amongst the tradesmen. Unions have
been organised throughout the country,
In order to bring about better wage conditions, setter living conditions, etc.
It Is true, to a certain extent, this
has been accomplished; hut It Is also
true that it is far from being up to the
..Granted such craft unions have raised
the standard of wages and lowered the
number of hours, It is also true that
such conditions have brought with it a
higher standard of living. Commodities
which the workers require have soared
A better knowledge of his skill is required to fill his position; the competitive Idea has been formed In order to
Bet the most out of him. Mnny things
have been brought about to nil the buT
And what does it all amount to?
simply this; The wage-earner must
K0^1 aBd BeH his labor-power at a
higher figure than heretofore, but must
pay more for his every day necessaries.
„„?.".?£ ?velY ,our >'enrs he |B as«ed to
contribute his only prlvlleeg (his vote)
at the polls,
.He to so unconscious of the fact that,
that will mean to him four years more
of the same old system.
He reasons: "Because Mr. So and So
votes for a certain party, so must I:
perchance I'll lose my Job If I don't,
and, too, the one I am voting for has a
handle to his name; It Is necessary, of
course, to have him for our representative in 'our' legislature."
Through such Idiotic reasoning our
present Industrial laws are made.
On repeated occasions we have heard
such representatives defame their political opponents ln loud terms,
we also note their everyday lives.
We see them living ln luxury, with all
the rood things of life at their command.
But what or the workers who put
'hem 'here? It Is a picture, fellow
reader, that Is brought home to us every
Not long ago the writer, had occasion
to be present at the scene of a sad and
serious accident, appalling in Itself, he-
cause of the very fact that the victim
waa a laborer employed by a large corporation. In the routine of his various
duties, he was asked to do Home repairs
on a dangerous machine, with the result
that he lost his life; not because of his
own carelessness, but that of his em-
ployer. And his wife and two small
children left to the mercy of the world.
Think of It! Here was a huge corporation, subsidised by the government,
whom you put In office, and which to
you means nothing but continued misery
and want, for the little ones, whose very
existence depends on you.
Suoh Is an everyday story In the great
industrial world; misery, want and woe
for. the tollers, but luxury for the exploiters.
Consequently, the preamble of this article Is to remind working-class voters
of the fact that It Is up to them alone
to elect men to the respective governmental offices to formulate laws that
will, In a measure, protect their families from the cruel treatment of which
the above Is but an Instance.
It Is a fact that craft unions have
brought about some good measures,
shortening hours, etc, but there is still
a greater work to be done.
We need, first and foremost, political
We need education along these lines.
We need brooder views of everyday
Every class-conscious worker must admit that the only way to bring about
this result to at the polls.
Make your strongest weapon count.
Vote for your own welfare.
Put men In the responsible offices who
will agitate and work for such results;
men who will make and enforce measures for the uplift of the workers and
relieve them from the ruling power of
the capitalist class.
Let yOur legislative representatives be
men who are ever conscious of the fact
that the world belongs to the workers.
Soo, Ont. W. M'LBAN.
Saber Ideals.
Editor B. C, Federatlonist: As a reader of The Federatlonist may 1 be privileged to express an opinion. The subject of Labor Day, which appeared ln the
last edition, deserves special 'emphasis.
The labor movement without an Ideal to
he aimed at wilt not serve the best Interests of society. Labor throughout
the land to passing through a period of
great unrest, which Is ever increasing
and will continue as long as the present
soolal system makes It possible to have
millionaires and plenty on the one hand,
and on the other paupers and starvation.
During this widespread dissatisfaction
of the workers with present conditions,
the labor speakers and writers are exerting all their mental and physical energies to ameliorate the lot ot working
people. That the workers have Justifiable reasons for demanding the amelioration of their state no one will gainsay; but the methods adopted by them ln
manv coses are not commendable. Trades
unions are urged to get more wages, better food and additional time for leisure
and amusement; but nowhere do we flnd
counsel being given how to make the
best use of these boons to humanity. In
this regard the orators on Labor Day
could do a great deal of good. Again,
If trades unions would devote a part of
their time to a study of the duties of
citizenship I am convlnoed It would prove
beneficial to the Individual members ln
particular and to the great cause of labor ln general. If the "new" force In
our political life, which Is now superseding the middle-class parties. Is to be correctly Judged an ideal must of necessity
be kept before It, Just as Constantino the
Great kept the cross with the words, "By
this Conquer" ever before him on a battlefield. Labor must be taught that
"where there Is no vision the people
perish," Wishing you every success ln
your big weekly labor paper I remain
South Vancouver, O.C., June 20, 1812.
Sweet things seem to go together at
tbe City halt. Now the wants-to-be-
mayor Ramsay Is stuck on the "punch
clock." He "did not see any reason
why It should not work at the City
Our Boy's
When buying a suit for the boy
remember we are agents for
"Lion Brand"
They are Suit* that will hold
red-blooded athletic boys, at
a price that will hold the attention of thrifty-minded
Clubb (ft Stewart
Everything for the Home in our
Kitchen Ranges
Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
Builders' Supplies
I      2337 MAIN STREET.    I
I        PHONE FAIR, 447.      I    ■
Cardii inserted for $1.00 a Month
„,„,?' Labor-Meets in annual convention    ln_ January    of    each    year.
w. Wilkinson, Vancouver; vice-Dreai-
S geo. A. Burt, Nanalmo? I D.
Grant, Ner; 7,\atminster; Jas. H. McVety, Vancouver; R. p. Pettipiece Vancouver; J Roberts. Moyie; C liverU
Victoria; J. j. Taylor, Ladysmlth; secretary-treasurer, Victor ft MidWlev
Room 210 Labor Temple, Vancouver
v___T a£d AMpd Thursdays, Labor
Temple. President J. W, wflklnson-
vice-president, John McMllani genera
nSSJV' ?,*™! Pettipiece, RooiS 210
Ce^rnnhBi.em& ^ertary-treaaurer, Jaa.
■t-Wf1?' J??4 fourth avenue west;
ataUstician, Mrs. Rose L. Gardiner; ser-
f^;at-arms, Fred A. Hoov"; tJMS,
nighan,    * '        ea H* McVety» s- Ker:
^.•tW Friday. Labor Temple. Pn*U
SS^/eLS™*11! vice-president, J. Blt-
t ^2?.ftUry;Jreasu!:e.r.' business agent,
J. McMillan, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Phone. Seymour 9408. Office hours, 81 to
v, \i to l, 4:30 to 6,
,„ °',yflnoo»yer—Meets second Monday
in each month—Labor Temple. Presl-
u£&i£ JftSS»' Passmen's Union, 923
Hornby street; vice-president, George
Mowat Bookbinders' Union, 616 Dun-
levy avenue; secretary, A. H. England.
pyo0,B*ox 86     Unl°"' Hornby »W
pany, Ltd.—Directors, Fred A. Hoov-
fSx -*%• ft. McV,ety, Jame* Brown. Ed-
ward Lothian, James Campbell, J. w.
WllklnBon, R. P. Pettlplece, John McMillan, Murdock McKenzle. Officers: Presi-
_mhi%$§Mt Browni vice-president, John
McMillan; secretary-treasurer and managing director, Jas. H. McVety, Room
211, Labor Temple. Phone Seymour 8380,
Street and Electric Rallwav Employees of America, Pioneer Division No.
101—Meets ln Oddfellows' Hall, Mt.
Pleasant, second and fourth Wednesdays
at 2:46 p.m. and first and third Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President James Fletcher; vice-president. H. Schofleld; record-
ft* dSSPlSf&i. A'bert v- Lofting,/ Box
18, City Heights P. O.; financial secre-
tary. Fred A. Hoover, 240B Clark drive.
_ ■pwitm and Joiners—Office, room 208
Labor Temple. Business agent, J. W.
Wilkinson. Office hours 8 to 9 and 4
to 6. Secretary of management committee, Wm. Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
BRANCH 1.—Meetii in Room 802, Labor
Temple, on alternate Tuesdays, 8 p.
m. ^President. J. A. Key; secretary, H.
Carter, p. O. Box 191.
BRANCH J.—Meets In Room 302, Labor
Temple, alternate Wednesdays, 8 p.m.
President, J.  Fowler;  secrteary,  G.  F.
Read, 1517 Union street.
BRANCH 4.—Factory Workers—Meets In
Room 802. Labor Temple, alternate
Wednesdays, 8 p.m.   President, G. Lam-
berton; secretary, J. Thomson, 140 Tenth
avenue east.
BRANCH 5.—Meets ln Room 302, Labor
Temple, alternate Tuesdays, 8 p.m.
President, W. West; secretary, A. McLaren, 1083 Richards street,
Agricultural Hall, Central Park, alternate Fridays,  8  p.m.    President,  0.
Manson; secretary, J. Anderson, Box 233,
McKay P. O., B. C.     *
In South Hill Schoolhouse, alternate
Fridays, at 8 p.m.   President, C. Wilcox;
secretary,  R,  w.  Jackson,   South  Vancouver P. O.
in the St. Andrew's Club room alternate Mondays, at 8 p.m. President, A.
Glenn; secretary, w. Garrlock, North
Vancouver P. O,
penters and Joiners, Local No. 167—
Meets every Wednesday evening ln Labor Temple at 7:30 p.m. Executive committee meets every Euesday evening, 8
o'clock. President, Murdo McKensle; recording secretary, Geo. C. Lestey; financial secretary, L. H. Burnham; treasurer,
J. W. Schurman. Phone Seymour 1380,
Labor Temple.	
and Joiners. South Vancouver Union No. 1208—Meets In Staple's Hall.
Fraser and Fiftieth avenues, first and
third Tuesdays of each month, president, E. Hall, Cedar Cottage; vice-presl-
dent, S. Fraaer, Fraser avenue P. O.; recording secretary, E. H. Belsey, 363
Tenth avenue east; financial secretary,
J. A. Dickenson, South Vancouver P. O.
ternatlonal Union. No. l—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m.. Room 307, Labor
Temple. President James Haslett; vice-
president, J. J. Welsh; corresponding
secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216, Labor
Temple.   Phone, Seymour 8798.
League, No. 876—Meets first and
third Sundays of each month at 2:80
p.m., Room 302 Labor Temple. President, Chas. Lehr; vice-president, H. H.
Harrison; secretary, Richard Dalton;
treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Phone Seymour 6226.
Union of America, Local .No. 367—
Meets Labor Temple, first Tuesday In
each month, at 8 p.m. President, Robert J. Craig; vice-president; D. A. McMillan; secretary, J. C. Peuser, Kurts
Cigar Factory; label custodian and
treasurer, 8. w. Johnson; delegates-to
Trades and Labor Council, J. C. Peuser,
Miles Nugent, R. J. Craig. ^^
Ion of America, British Columbia
Division, Canadian Pacific System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m. third
Sunday In month, Room 204, Labor Tem-
Ele. Local chairman. J. F. Campbell,
iox 432, Vancouver. Local secretary-
treasurer, A. T. Oberg, Box 432, or 1003
uurrard street, Vancouver.
140.—Meets Labor Temple second and
fourth Tuesdays of each month. President, Bro. Fox; vice-president, Bro. Hunter; secretary, Chas. Roberts, Labor
Temple; treasurer, Bro. Beaver; delegates to Building Trades Council, Bros,
Thompson and Glnnsdale.
Electrical Workers, Local No, 213—
Meeta every Monday evening, 8 p.m.,
Labor Temple, President, H. E. Durant;
vice-president, C. L. Hardy; recording
secretary, B, S. Morris; financial secretary, H. Lauder; treasurer, Sam Cawker;
trustee, H. T, Johnston; freman, W. P.
Carr; first Inspector, E. O, Sheppard;
second inspector, C. W. Teag: business
agent. E. L. McMillan, Room 207, Labor
agent. 1
Electrical Workers, Local Union No,
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday ln
Room 20S, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, H. Compton; vice-president, S. S,
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer, Wm, Jarvts; financial secretary and business agent, F. L, Estlng-
hauaen, Room 202, Labor Temple.
fecttoners' International Union of
America, Local No. 46.—Meets Labor
Temple second and fourth Saturdays,
7:30 p.m.    President, McCurrach; vice-
Eresident,  J.   Hendricks;   treasurer,   H.
eaworthy; secretary and business agent, Phone Seymour 8860, Labor Temple.
America, Vancouver Local No. 120.—
Meeta first and third Wednesdays ln Labor Temple, 8:30 p.m. President, C, E,
Herri tt; vice-president, J. W. Green; recording secretary, Geo. W. Isacca; secretary-business agent, C. F. Burkhart,
439 Abbott street.   Phone Seymour 2170.
North America, Vancouver Branch-
Meets In Labor Temple second an
fourth Tuesdays at 8 p.m. President,
Fred Rumble; vice-president, Henry
Hague; corresponding secretary, James
Rayburn; financial secretary, Wm. Jar-
dine; treasurer, P. Talnsh.	
America, Vancouver Branch No, 178.—
Meetings held on the first Friday In each
month ln Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, H. Nordland: vice-president, A.
Larsen; secretary, w. W. Hocken, 1682
Thirteenth avenue east, P. O. Box 603;
financial secretary, I*. Wakley, Box 608.
al Association of Machinists—Meets
ln Labor Temple second and fourth
Thursdays at 7:16 p.m. President, Robt.
Thomson; vice-president, Chas. Mattlson:
recording secretary, J. Brookes; financial
secretary, Jas. H. McVety, Room 211,
Labor Temple.   Phone Seymour 6360.
Decorators' Union, Local 138—Meet
Labor Temple every Thursday at 7:30
p.m. President, W. J. Nagle, 1668 William street: vice-president, Johnson Bradley; flnanolal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robion atreet: recording secretary,
Skene Thomson, Bub. P. O. No. 8; treasurer, B. "Staples, 668 Hornby sereet; conductor, H, Whiteside; warden, G. Powell,
Clothing for Workingmen
OOBDVBOT TBOUSEM—Made of a narrow rib American cord and
ln several shades of fawn; made in outing style, with belt loop
and cuffed bottoms or regular cut.   Price   93,00 and 93.78
BEDFORD GOBD TUftWMsM Thn'nn are Intended for men that need
a strong, cool trouser; made of drab colored cord and with five
pockets.   Price 93.00
WBIFOOBD TBOUBSBt—These are made of a very strong whipcord
and a greenish gray shade; made with belt loops, aide stripe, cuffed
bottoms and five pooketB.    Prjce 93.60
OTBBALX* PANTI—Blue or black denim; four pockets; buttons can
not pull off.   Price    91.00
SIB OVEBALLS- In blue or black, or blue with white stripe; full
bib, good and stout suspenders.   Price  91.00
JACKETS to macth above.   Price 91.00
CABFEHTBK8' APBONI—Short Aprons, 35c; Lon- Aprons, with
three pockets and hammer hold, 78o. Long Aprons, with seven
pockets and hammer hold ..91.00
CABMWTBSsV OVBBAlts*—Made of heavy brown duok, with double
fronts; eleven pockets, two hammer holds.    Price Wi.75
David Spencer, Ltd.
Local No. 1—Meets 614 Keefer St.
every Thursday evening, 8 o'clock. President, T. Burkei; secretary, T, M.
Wright. 517 Pacific street. Headquarters 614 Keefer street. Phone Seymour
tlonal Alliance, Local No. 280—Meets
every Thursday, 7:30 p.m., Room 302,
Labor Temple. President, H. Spear; vice-
president, J. W. Heath; recording and
corresponding secretary, Jas. Jamleson,
921 Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Dorntody; conductor, H. Anderson; warden, Thos. Edgar,
cal No, 82—Meets first and third
Wednesdays of each month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P. O. Hoeuke, Buite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
Ion No. 220—Meets Labor Temple
last Sunday each month, 2:30 p.m.
President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-president, G. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P, O. Box 60; sergeant-
at-arms, C. ProHke.	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194.—
Meets In Labor Temple every first and
third Monday at 8 o'clock. President, P.
Barclay, 353 Cordova Street East. Secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street.      -*
Secretaries of all unions in British
Columbia are requested to assist The
Federatlonist-by acquainting It with
Items of interest to wage-workers.
Nineteen Children
once remarked that he saw no
merit ln the saying, "Keeping
everlastingly at it brings success." Perhaps not. Some ideas
run to large families—others run
to dollars and centB. Here's something for the latter kind to think
There are 460 printers In Vancouver. Printers get |26 lo f33
per week. Saturday ctrnies und
these men have over $10,000 to
spend. They Bpend It with the
merchant that patronise them.
Don't you wont a share of thl*?
Demand the printers' label on all
vour work and you wilt be on the
road to getting your share of
their business. 	
When You Do Drink Beer
Of America r£4V
See that it is drawn horn a keg bearing
this label
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple Phone Sev 4400
E. T. Kingsley
"Ths shop where progressive thought is
merged with the
Ten Federationist sub. cards; good for
one year, for |7.50. Order now, pay
when sold at II each.
I have a few choice Lots for
sale on easy tonus in
and Burnaby
They are low in
price, within the
reach of any wage-
worker seeking a ,
Call at my office or phone
Sey.   1589  for appointment
VANCOUVER,    ■    ■   B.O.
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Castings and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. Eas
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
q It Stands (or all that Union
Labor Stands (or.
Fred Petty
order a suit come in
and look over our
stock. Use the label
tk SIMMs
We would Remind You the Simonds Saw is the Best Saw that can be Made
111 Hastings It. W.
Phons Seymour 204
Week End Trips
Every worklngman needs'rest and change. It's true he can't
take a winter trip to Southern California or an extended trip
to the resorts in the rockies, but he should, as for as his time
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It is to meet the workingman's case that the B. C. E. R. Co. has
arranged for week-end trips, at reduced rates, over the Fraser
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday and Sunday, good lo return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
Trains leave Carrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.! 1:15 and 5
p.m.  Trains returning from ChilEwack are so timed that the
round trip may be made in a day with a stopover of several hours
Lighter Underwear
Including * complete rang* of summer vests, with or without
sleeves, ln Swiss ribbed or porous knit cotton or lisle thread; some
plain and others are with lace yokes; many styles; at 25c, 36c
and 60c.
Women's union suits in every wanted style, in fine Swiss cotton
lisle thread, silk or union at prices ranging from 50c to 18.80 a
Including cotton, lisle or union vests, drawers and combinations, ln
all slies and styles, at from 25c to 12.26.
darfrmt Srgaiiak, Cttmfei.
575 Granville Street
Vancouver, B. C.
Building Hardware, General Hardware,; Tools for
the Carpenter, Cement-worker, Plasterer, Machinist
Bricklayer, and all the other trades. Lawn Mowers,
Bakes, Spades, Hose and the other requisites to
make your home look neat and tidy.
McTaggart & Moscrop
7HsstingsSt. West
Fhon* Seymour 684
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
The Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information
Every Factor of Typewriter Supremacy
Belongs to the
The superior strength snd durability of the Remington snd its greater reliability
under every condition of service have always been recognized.
In addition, every contribution to recent typewriter improvement has been ai
Remington contribution.   The First Column Selector, the First Built-in
Decimal Tabulator, the First Key-Set
Tabulator and the First Adding and
Subtracting Typewriter are four recent
Remington improvements, every one of
which constitutes a mils stone in typewriter progress.
10 and 11
Remington Typewriter Company
Ten Federationist Sub. Cards for $7.50
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
B, 0. Federation of Labor Executive Arranging for Meeting
With Him.
A dispatch from Ottawa a few weeks
ago announced that Hon. T. W. Croth-
ers, the new Minister of Labor, would
shortly pay an official visit to Western
Canada and the Pacific Coast, for the
purpose of looking; into the working
conditions of the mining Industry ot
this province, with a view to securing
first-hand' Information for his department.
The executive committee of the B.
C. Federation of Lahor,.ever anxious to
court the fullest possible publicity Into
such conditions, is arranging for a
meeting with the Minister ot Labor,
and will assist him ln every way possible to secure the Information he Is
Vice-President C, Slverts of Victoria, ln advising the B. C. P. of L,
executive of his Inability to be present at the meeting, says:
"I am glad you are preparing to
make a presentment of some kind
to the Minister of Labor, should he
visit the Pacific coast. It Is Imperative that Labor should make Itself
heard on occasions like this. The laboring class has both a cause and a
case to present, and to neglect or fall
to show its readiness to do so on all
occasions Is or would be a. serious
thing. It does not matter whether
the party representing the governing
class Is known or supposed to be opposed to our demands, In a particular
degree or not—for a successful politician under capitalism, and a capitalist
minister at that, is bound to be opposed to the demands of Labor, even
in spite of his personal inclination
and sympathies—It is our duty to hammer away and never miss an opportunity to put them on record and show
the workers their callousness and Ignorance as well as their natural opposition to the Interests of the work
Ing class."
The cry "A White Canada" uns
been the election dodge ot every capitalist politician that ever attempted to
gain his end by fooling the working-
man, and owing to thi- proverbial
short memory of the aforesaid worklngman he has always succeeded In
turning the trick. You chumps who
voted for "Cowan and a White Canada" some years ago, will be pleased
to read the following as a record of
the success of your cupidity. The.
writer a few days ago had occasion to
visit a mill on False Creek. There I
counted seventy-five "hands" working
—live white men and the rest were
composed of Japs, Chinamen and a
few Hindus. One of the "white men"
with whom I had business, told me
that the Japs were In complete control
of the mill; that not one more than
the necessary five white men could
possibly get a Job there. He had seen,
day after day, a steady stream of
Englishmen, many of them Just arrived from home, come there looking
for work, to be told there was nothing
doing. He had seen white men turned
away and five minutes after a Jap or
Hindu taken on. I watched them
working nearly all one afternoon—
they just took their time and worked
along at a leisurely gait nnd refused
absolutely to be driven, for which they
deserve credit. Another mill, a little
further east, "employed" thirty-five
hands, including live white men. ThlB
Is not written ln any Bplrit of race
prejudice, for I have none, but I could
not help thinking that It would be better for all If B. C. contained less of a
non-voting population than It does. All
I ask and hope Is that when the next
spellbinder tries to benumb your brain,
Mr. Worklngman, with "Our glorious
Empire" dope and stuff flags down
your throat, that you will "remember."
Just think of It again, the employees
In these two mills were less than ten
per cent, white men. Rule Britannia!
Electrical Workers Coming Together,
The Internal strife ln the ranks of
the Electrical Workers at last seems
to be within sight ot the finish. General President McKulty, of the Mc-
Nulty faction, and General Secretary
Murphy, of the Reid faction, attended
an executive board meeting of the two
unions In Detroit on May 26th and
drew up a plan of amalgamation that
will be submitted to both factions.
Both men declared that they would
do their best to make Its acceptance
possible, and thus put an end to the
scrap, which has been a detriment to
the craft and the whole labor movement.
Keir Hardie Coming to United 8tates.
J. K«ir Hurdle has expressed his
wish to aid In the Socialist campaign
in the United States this tall. It Is his
wisk to Bpeak at ten or twelve meetings ln the big Industrial centers from
New York to 'Frisco and back again.
Photo-Engravers Line Up.
The Photo-Engravers' union is the
latest body to utilize the new Labor
Temple for their business meetings.
They are not,jet affiliated with the
Trades and Labor Council.
Reports show that 150,000 children
of school age In Quebec do not attend
Ingersoll's 24 Lectures   -  -   .50
Dr. Brown's True Marriage
Guide     -      -       -       .50
The Escaped Nun, Mary Moult .60
The People's Bookstore
1S2 Cordova W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Visit the Labor Temple
Billiard and Pool
Two First-Class Burroughes
&  Watts   Billiard Tables
Phone Seymour 3680
Transfer and Baggage
Monkey-like Precision Used—Patrol Wagon for Workers; Auto
for Drunken Weit Enders.
Last Friday W. Reld, another of the
seven whom seven policemen and two
parsons failed to convict of "unlawful
assembly" a few weeks ago, was i'ac-
costed" by a down-town burly in
uniform, and commanded to "move
on," with a shove off the ourb while
waiting for a oar, then arrested tor resenting It. Like the "d. and d." arrested the night before he was shoved
Into Jail, with no opportunity given
to secure ball. So flimsy was the
evidence next morning he was acquitted by thme magistrate. Looks as
though there was to be a policy of police persecution, with the prostitute
Morning Sun functioning as a .slimy
character-assassinator tor those who
dare to oppose the path of Mayor
Flndlay and Police Commissioner Williamson, both puppets ot the local Conservative machine.
The same afternoon a big "kind"
policeman assisted a drunken resident
of the West End from the bar-room
door of the Hotel Vancouver to a nearby auto and sent him home.
Of course there Is no class distinction In Vancouver. Perish the
thought I
tflOO WORTH or
SALEM, Mass., May 20.—John J.
Breen school committeeman of Lawrence was FOUND GUILTY ot planting dynamite In several buildings at
Lawrence during the recent strike,
with the Intent to discredit the strikers In the conduct of tbe strike. He
was fined $600 and costs.—News
Justice In the United States, as
elsewhere, is not unlike a good cafe
waiter. She Is blind to what transpires, receiving impressions only
through the palm of the hand.
For a worklngman to be caught
within smelling distance of a stick of
dynamite Is a crime for which hanging Is sadly Inadequate ai a punishment. But when a school committeeman deliberately attempts to Bend
numbers of Innocent men to prison for
long terms and with malice aforethought imperils the lives of many
others a little matter of five hundred
dollars squares accounts. Justice Is
satisfied and there Is no crime.
Well, why nott Mr. Breen only
sought to save the masters of his
bread and brains from the disastrous
consequences of a decent wage scale.
He should have been openly Instead
of secretly rewarded.—R. M.
There's an arlBtocracy at the City
hall. The "punch clock" brand or
common herd, and the privileged-class
Election of Local Officers of Division No. 101 to Take Place
Nest Monday, June 34.
The 950 local members of Pioneer
Division No. 101 ot the International
Association of Street and Electric
Railway Employees will move from
their present headquarters and meeting roof on Main street to the new Labor Temple on July 6. ■
Election ot officers for the ensuing
term of six months will take place at
the "bull pen" on Monday next, June
The organisation Is ln a flourishing
condition and now embraces the employees of the powerhouses and other
departments hitherto not covered. It
Is one of the 100 per cent, unions of
the city, and has a working agreement
with the B.C. Electric luuiway company ln Vancouver, New Westminster,
Victoria, and over all the Interurban
lines of the company.
The very best ot feeling exists between the company officials and the
executive of the union, and grievances
or differences are settled without delay between the representatives of
both. .
The local division Is affiliated with
the central labor body, the B, C. Federation of Labor, the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, and through
Its international with, the American
Federation of Labor, and as a rule
sends delegates to the annual conventions of these organisations. The
membership also subscribe for The
Federationist ln a body, another evidence of their progresslreness.
Machinists, Lodge 182,
A number of our members are still
receiving strike pay and answer roll
call every morning. Quite a number
ot the unions evidently have forgotten
that we went out on strike On July
1st, 1910, for the eight-hour day and
Increased wages, along with all the
other machinists on the Pacific Coast,
as far south as Portland. The present indications for a settlement of the
dispute are so beautifully Indefinitely
definite that there Ib no need to dwell
upon them tor any length of time.
Some of the members have sought
pastures new and are making good.
If the slogan of the International Labor Movement, "an Injury to one Is
an injury to all," had been something
real and not a platitude, there Is no
doubt that aB far as the machinery
work In this city Is concerned we
would, in conjunction with the other
members of the "black squad," be the
Vancouver   Building  Trades   Council
Organization   Mestlngs   Attended
With   Encouraging   Results.
The organization meeting of engineers held ln Labor Temple on Wednesday evening, resulted ln a number of
engineers being admitted to membership.
P. Blumberg acted as ohalrman and
stated that the meeting was called by
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the Building Trades Council with a.view
to furthering the organisation of the
International Union of Engineers. In
his opinion the engineers should be more
strongly organized In this city. ThBre
was a large number of. them and owing
to the peculiar nature of their work—
working for less wages than received
by Hindoos and Clilnks employed by
"patriots" who own the sawmills along
the waterfront—they should be strongly
George Heatherton, organizer of the
Loggers' and Lumber Workers' Federation, who was the next speaker, briefly
reviewed the progress made by the members of organized labor since coming to
British Columbia some 22 years ago.
He did not favor the forming of tne
workera Into a craft union, and when
they found that more progress could be
made by organizing Industrially they
would do so. Previous to the formation
of the Western Federation of Miners
they had tried to organize the workers
into one big union, hot they were ahead
of the times and hail found it Impracticable; but the Western Federation of
Miners had shown thnt the fundamental
principles of Industrial Unionism were
correct, and was pleased to see such a
large number of craft unionists ln Vancouver being converted to Industrial
Unionism. By being organized Industrially it was possible for all the men en-
flnged In any one Industry to secure a
arger wage for the expenditure of their
labor-power. He was willing to do all
ln his power to assist In organization
work among the engineers and was of
the opinion that in his work of organizing the loggers he would be able to add
to their membership.
J. W. Wilkinson, president B. C. Federation of Labor and also of Vancouver
Trade and Labor Council, said that he
was pleased to see a desire on the part
of the engineers to become attached to
the legitimate labor organizations.
"When I say legitimate organizations I
mean that those of you who have been
members of the B. C. Association of Engineers are beginning to see through that
very old trick of the employers who encourage the formation of local and pro-
vtneial unions of employees ln order that
their employees may be kept from
gaining a more complete Idea as to the
particular nature of the commodity labor-power. Now, the legitimate labor
ganlzations of this city, which are a
part of the provincial labor movement;
which ln Its turn is a part of the Dominion nnd Internntlolal labor movement, occupies a position of great Importance to the more advanced thinking
portion of the workers. If you are genuinely desirous of being together you
will, by becoming members of the In.
temotlonal Union of Engineers, receive
the support of nil the other orgnnlza
thins tiiat can possibly be given you."
After discussion by several of those
firesent a number of engineers were In-
tlated and a motion adopted that at the
next meeting the first half hour will be
open for discussion, to engineers who
are likely to Join.
In future meetings will bo held every
Wednesday and a cordial Invitation is
extended to all engineers to attend.
Editor B. C, Federatlonist; — This
branch of the community Is oil right
collectively, but none can refute the
truth that many are canting humbugs.
Why all this unnecessary flutter in letters to the press from the pulpit about
an evil when it Ib their duty to teach
and Inculcate home moral discipline to
their respective congregations, and Ini-
pressing upon all to keep sober, temperate and chased. Unless parents Instruct their little ones through The Spirit to lead hold lives from the commencement, tho country Is lost, for "if the
women and children aro not good, God
help the nation." Again, "men are beasts,
but women are worse." Encourage early
marriages, because "Natural Selection
wtll lessen that which we all morally
loathe. Young men and women In Canada have received a handsome education and earn ample wages to found a
home, therefore, there Is no reason why
they should not marry If so disposed,
early ln life. Gilds must cease to dress
extravagantly and young fellows must
forget those foolish and selfish amusements which are neither elevating nor
profitable; then, by mutual sacrifice,
there would be many more happy homes
and less work for the police; cleaner
clttes and a healthier atmosphere in
every grade of society. Everybody must
have a religion whether it bo Christian,
Jewish, Parsee, etc.. for:—
■Tis religion that can give
Sweetest pleasures while we live;
'TIs religion must supply
Solid comforts when we die.
Many parsons take the flattering unction to their souls that thst- are tho only
teachers. Well! we know differently. It
behooves parents to guard their homes
and teach their children to "eschew evil
and learn to do well," Yours truly,
Vancouver, B.C., June 14,1912.
8hlnglers, No. 1, of Vancouver.
We are now located In Labor Temple and very much pleased with Its
appearance, both exterior and Interior,
as we have no doubt that It will have
the effect ot Inducing some of the
"respectable" people to think more of
the Labor problem, without which the
respectable people would lose their re-
spectabillty and require to work; and
such a contingency, when it does confront some of them, will pause their
decease. Our tug-of-war team is rapidly getting into form, so If any of the
unions want a long pull for their
money, Just let us know and we wl,l
show them how to do It.
Winnipeg Brotherhood "Coming Back."
Winnipeg local of the Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners recently
took In nfty new members at one meeting. They have now two additional
business agents at work, and they ex.
pect to soon bring the organization
back to Its old Btrength. Negotiations
are being conducted with the Amalgamated, looking to a local understanding between the two bodies to prevent
any clashes. This is probably the origin of the misleading report that they
were completing arrangements for
A Real Labor Department Report.
The Department of Labor at Ottawa has Just Issued a valuable report
on labor organization In Canada which
should be In the hands of every secretary and organizer. The report
shows the conditions as generally pre-
vailing at the close of 1911; the
names of officials are, as far as possible, tor 1912. It is the Intention of
the department to make the report
an annual affair, revised from year to
year, with such added features as may
appear advisable.
Tllelayers and Helpers, No, 62.
Trade is dull and some of our members are hitting the sidewalks part of
the time, trying to hit a Job. How
ever, we manage to live and that Is
about all that any bunch of workmen
can expect to do at present ln this
alleged prosperous country. Premier
McBride's era of "unprecedented pros-
perlty" has not reached us yet. and
as far as his railway policy Ib con-
cerned It Is of no Interest to ub. Tile
Is not used In railroad building.
"Wharf Rata" Want More Wages.
The truckers on Evans, Coleman fc
Hvans' wharf in Vancouver struck on
Saturday last for an increase in wages.
They are receiving 25c. per hour, about
hulf what the stevedores are getting.
John Mitchell at Seattle.
Lust Sunday John Mitchell spoke In
Seattle, under the uusplcos of tho Central Labor Council and the Chntauqua
Advantage of Writing the Law.
The Socialists in tbe Gerninn Reichstag pre going to push the demand for
the universal eight-hour day.
The Home of High-Class
Where Everybody Goes
We Study ttt
Whsn Wo Cons* to Price) Oat Ossr
Tools and Hardware
Thoe* Homo Should Apatool
stci__tv!n, i«ei™h „PBA?fN?   M™*M«"«    l"t   H-tt    Vtaeh
ton™"-Aef nntV'ta ,lWr*Uk£8TEBI' MBAStJWNO TAPB with In-
down or stationary.    These are the stanUneous readings ,.-.,_ (js-TS
best made by the Nloholl's Company,
and will withstand salt water, iub,   No- 5 Iron Jack Plane WJth thick
S3.7S, 14.00 and tue. cutter   ,  ft ft
This Is "the" MARKET tor the Careful Housewife.
This Is STRAWBERRY WEEK.   These are at their, best end
-_..„„.   „v  wvw,   v,    uuvi    viua   os. iiuu, msj  |s. h sj|s \\j joy  jq pm U0|Q UD—
and NOW. We have the finest fruit direct trom local powers. These
we can guarantee. They are delivered to us fresh and fresh hour by
hour. We put our prices down to lowest Tou can get nor preserving sugar at our Grocery Dept. Tour pans, ladles, etc., at our
Hardware DepL We serve you throughout and WE SERVE TOU
Come See our cat-
play of Tan Shoes
Tan Shoes Are the Shoes for the Spring Season
High or Low„Cut as You Prefer
Button or Blucher
WT    fl P P    204 MAIN STREET
•  )•    \J IV IV Opposite the City Hal
Named Shoos Aro Frequently
Made in Non-Union factories
no matter what lta name, unless It been a
plain end readable impression of this Stemp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ere
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoo Vfortoi-o* Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mesa.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Balne, Bec.-Tress.
For any WEAR and every WEAR
For Shoes that WILL WEAR
For Shoes made by UNION WORKMEN of honeat
material see
The Shoe _\\T f*\   sO   T\    Look for the
Specialist W   \J   \J   MJ    Union Stamp
Control "K" Boot Agoncr
160 Cordova Street West, near Cambie Vincouver, B. 0.
Get Your Money's Worth
Many dealers will try to induce you to take some other brand
Why ?     For larger profits sake.       Don't let them fool you.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open  from, 9  n. in.   to 8 p. in.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank of Ottawa Building
Cot. Seymour and Hastings
The Beer Without
a feer
The Vancouver Breweries
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See Province and World each day for full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town oustomers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address fon a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
The scop, of pries and varieties
makes car Trunk station, situated
oa the Kara flora, ths sttst sup-
for TravtUsrs asctssL
plf onf
Inn on. may Una sstlsf.0-
 .  stlMUons ln th. ntnsiv.
ltBM and la th. prmnt pries.
'  is a broad snfffsstloB for
•eeaotay to thos. who ooatsmplatt
a annua*? trip abroad or rts.wh«..
Oar stook comprises an that la saw
aad noTtl 1a trunk* and you win
aad our prion right. Visit this
Motion now.
James Stark gMsi°TNEDs
H..»t.ntff Straet W«»t
Between Abbott and Carrall
Bridge. 41-foot lots one block from
the waterfront tn D.L. 193, price $560,
quarter cash, balance ln 0, 12 and 18
monthB. Building lots ln North Vancouver, from $260 and up, on easy
terms. Whitaker & Wliltaker. "The
North Vancouver Experts," 430 Howe
Street, Vancouver. Phone Seymour
Cannot Build
Fast Enough
The new Talbot forced circulation boiler has aroused an avalanche of interest among power
users. Orders have been pouring
In at the demonstration plant now
being operated day and night at
124 Hastings Street West.
An   Immense  amount   of  pro-
Jress has been made since Mr.
ohn Pecks Provincial Boiler Inspector, passed upon the safety
and practical perfection of the
Talbot Ooiler at the Sohaake Machine Works In New Westminster
on May Sth. The number of boilers used in British Columbia alone
Is surprisingly large—though Inquiries for Talbot Boilers are not
confined to this Province.
A party from Toronto insisting
on a 1000 Horse Power Installation
waa seriously disappointed at his
Inability to secure the Talbot Boiler. Besides the saving of one of
coal out of every f ve and the absolute safety from damage to life
or property, this boiler has an almost unlimited durability. Its
heating surface is guaranteed for
6 years, and there Ib never any
reason for reducing the working
{treasure that may be carried. If
n the course of years a few tubes
should give way, new ones can be
inserted ln a few minutes only at
a very Blight cost Depreciation
of value Is thus brought to a minimum in the Talbot equipment
Wasted—a Factory Location.
Several municipalities about
Vancouver are now Interesting
themselves ln offering inducements for the location of the Talbot boiler and engineering works
within their limits. Deep water
frontage with assurance of good
railway facilities In the future is
essential to the development of
any such enterprise. Excessive
outlay for land values is a tax on
Industry. The Canadian Talbot
Boiler Co. Is now exempting orders by having their manufacturing done In machine nhopn. Such
a promising and profitable industry, seeking to Interest Vancouver
capital, should not be long tn securing a felicitous location, on
very favorable terms. A fatal
hindrance to tho establishment of
a large body of wage workers
within any community Ib the lack
of Industries, Wage workers
themselves spuply most the capital for all enterprises, just as
their patronage supplies the bulk
of all custom in the mercantile
The Saw of Machine Production.
High wages force more and
more automatic muclilnery into
use. In turn such machinery nnd
consequent Increased efficiency of
workmen decrease tho cost of production. Talbot Iwllera and engines will be Imllt largely with
automatic machinery, and can be
sold cheaper and yet produce a
greater net profit, while at the
name time paying higher wages
than usually prevuilH In the mechanical world.
The management of the Canadian Talbot Boiler Co, Is pattleii-
larly concerned now In securing
high class fi/clent men associated
with all branches of the engineering Industry.
Talbot lolltri Cheaper and Setter.
High wages Itiri.iiv a better as
well as a cheaper product, (Scientific management Increases the
efficiency of the machine, while'
higher and higher wages secure
the most effective men. Talbot
equipments offer Inducements ln
economy of operation and maintenance at a lower first cost to the
purchuser than any other power
producer known. They offer practical assurance of higher wages
for organized operating engineers,
but reduce the total wages by bbv-
ing the cost of water lendres and
oilers required on other steam Installations.
Join Tbie Organisation Syndicate.
To men of practical training,
who associate themselves and
their capital with the enterprise
of manufacturing, marketing and
Installing Talbot forced circulation hollers and the Talbot pack-
Ingless engines, opportunity for
high wages is limited only by
their ability and efficiency.
The Canadian
Talbot Boiler
£— la orients; those opportunities NOW. Bee the demoiuitra-
tlon. plant, 124 Hustings West.
Whale Brand
"Size,    Strength,    Endurance"
Union - Made
A special cut, made by union
gills, under the supervision ai a
unionist, who thoroughly understands the overall needs and requirements of Vancouver wage
workers. Ask your merchant
for them and look for both the
Union and Whale Brand
22 Water St. Phone Sey..l993
Look at the Label
fl It is not a Jaeger Shirt unless it bears the name. Because of its lasting quality and
distinct style of fabric and
colorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
T. B. Cuthbertson
345 Hastings W.  (30 Granville.
619 Hastings W.
and Cigars
Big Ggar
642 Granville Street
light and Heavy Horses
6(6 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Imperial Wine
Importers, Wholesale and
Retail Dealers in
Beers, Winea
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
Phone Sey. 955
54 ConrjovA Stbebt West
"Meet Me Face to Face"
that will fit and
that please and prices right
133 H»«Un«<» Strips E.
Ask Tour Batbar (or
That delightfully refreshing after
Hhave cream.
a. o. uissii semi oo.
WUoisulo and Basalt,
en atoaiosi ITSBBT
rhont Mrmonr 4401
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"Ths Bloyclo with ths aspatatloa"
Full lino of accetiflorlefl
itenalrit promptly executed
wa zAinaot it. a.
Phono gtymonr 7503
Secretary Siverty Expresses Appreciation of Victoria Unionists
of The Federationist.
Accept my congratulations on the
weekly publication of The Federatlonist. In my estimation tbe quality is
fully sustained and in some respects
Improved; particularly Is the Improvement noticeable ln news Items. So we
as readers and subscribers are over
100 per cent, better off. In all conscience we need it; we need a labor
paper, in fact, the operation of a labor
press is an absolute and imperative
necessity. Just as the economic liberty of the working class can only be
accomplished by the working class It-
self, so must and will the workers deliver themselves from the mental
bondage which they are held ln today
by the policy of misrepresentation
practiced by the agencies of capitalism.
It Is a matter of regret and astonishment to me to note the continued
absence of even a bare mention of
history, aB written ln the capital. If
one were to go by The Federationist,
the Idea might be entertained that Instead of Mt. Katmal in Alaska break-
Ing out In violent eruption, that It
might have been Mt. Tolmle and as a
result Victoria was obliterated off the
map. It Is true that nothing of par
tlcular Interest or Importance has
taken place here lately. The Central
Labor body has revised Its constitution and by-laws, after several sessions
more or less contentious. The most
Important amendment Is the one doing away with the two-thirds necessary to amend, leaving it to the majority In the future. Several amendments ot minor Importance were
adopted. The whole thing resolved Itself Into a very Important struggle
over an unimportant subject; division
of opinion being1 very decided and well
defined, one section trying to remove
all artificial and sentimental obstruction from the council expressing Itself
on any queBtlon; the other section declaiming against such attitude as socialistic. The daily press, taking up
the cry, fanned the fires of contention
by egging what It styled the anti-socialists and giving prominent mention
to Individuals, referring to them as
I resolution was offered to strike
out qualification of delegates. This
was modified to read so that any one
an affiliated union sends Is accepted.
It was also moved to strike out the
section barring discussion on religious
and party politics, but was defeated In
committee. Yet when the substitutes,
as amended, were ratified, every paper
ln the city quoted the section above
referred to as having been struck out
and two of them urged Immediate
secession and the formation of an.
other central body. None of these so-
called anti-socialists had the grace or
good taste to correct this, but talked
secession and disruption. When the
writer sent a correction to the papers,
one of them would not print his very
brie! and formal letter, but held it
over for two days and wedged It in as
an Insignificant local. Do you think
we need a labor press? Well, I do.
It is an Indispensable adjunct of the
labor movement. We are cut out; we
are shut out; we are misrepresented
and vilified without redress, unless we
print our own news and publish our
own views.
Proposal Made by Organiger Grant
to Take Them in and Give Pro-
tion vrf the U. B. of 0. and J.
The spirit of federation and unity
of the forces of Labor Is again manifesting itself In Vancouver, not only
■within the ranks of the unorganised,
but among the members of craft unions
At last Tuesday's meeting of the
Shingle™' Union, B. D. Grant, general
organiser for the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners, with headquarters at New Westminster, was
present and, upon tbe authority of advices received from headquarters at
Indianapolis, he announced that the
Brotherhood was prepared to accept
the entire membership ln their organization.
The matter was referred to a special
committee for further consideration
and report at next Tuesday's meeting
In Labor Temple. If the comment of
individual members ot tbe Individual
members of the Shinglers' union Is to
be taken as any criterion there Is
every probability of the amalgamation
taking place.
Organiser Grant left for Nanalmo on
Wednesday, but expectB to return ln
time to attend the next meeting of the
Western  Federation  of   Miners
Will Apply for Federation Investigation Board at Once
For some months there has been
trouble brewing ln some of the mining
camps along the Pacific coast, owing
to discrimination being shown against
union officials by the managers of one
or two companies operating metalifer
ous mines In this territory.
So far as the Britannia mines are
concerned the Issue came to a show-
down last Monday, when Secretary
Webb was refused permission to again
visit the mines for the purpose of
transacting union business. As the
company owns the property round
about the mines the company had the
big end of the argument, temporarily
at least.
Executive Board Member Wm. Davidson was wired for and he Intends to
at once call upon the Department of
Labor at Ottawa to appoint a board
of investigation, when the Issues will
be given the light of publicity and the
miners will find out where they are at.
tailing a settlement by this means the
members ot Britannia Miners' Union
will try other methods, if not so acceptable at least more forcible.
There are already too many modern
"plantations" ln British Columbia ln
the mining, timber and pulp mill
camps and the miners propose to snuff
a few ot the more arrogant ones out
before It is too late. And if one Is
to judge by the past record of the
Western Federatloon of Miners It must
be admitted that they seldom start
anything they are unable to finish. The
result of the present little controversy
will be watched with keen Interest by
every unionist ln the province.
New District Organisation of Coal
Miners Formed at Butte,.
Mon., Last Week.
The convention of the coast coal
miners at Butte, Mon., has resulted In
the founding of the "Rocky Mountain
Association of the U. M. W. of A.'
It Is merely one of the district
branches of the U.M.W. of A., which
Is formed to better the working conditions of all coal miners ln the U. 3
and Canada.
The secretary, Robert H. Harlln,
National Board member,, will make his
headquarters In Seattle.
Briefly, the objects of the association are to cement together the various campB of the U. M. W. In the
Western States and Canada (west),
and such other camps as may be developed in the future; to insistently
advocate universal agreements covering wages, hours, and working conditions, "at one and tbe same time" for
all camps In the association; to afford
assistance and aggressive support to
all efforts to secure better conditions
ln the Industry, and to work unceasingly for the enactment of legislation
guaranteeing to every man who enters
or works around coai mines and other
hasardous occupations compensation
for Injuries received.
District 28, Vancouver Island, and
District 18, Crow's Nest Valley, are
represented in the new Association.
Steam and Electrical Engineers.
At our last meeting we elected
officers which are as follows: President, F. Blumberg; Vice-president, H.
Longley; recording secretary, (pro
tern); financial secretary, F. Johnson; conductor, H. Strickland! guard,
R. Averlll. An audit committee was
also appointed to take over possession
ot tbe books and other property of
the union, from the late secretary.
Brother Blanchard was elected aB delegate to the parliamentary committee
of the Trades and Labor Council. The
president was also Instructed to request the international to send an organiser Into this province, and In
view of the large amount of development work that Is now going on, It Ib
to be hoped that tbey will accede to
our requests. Our meetings will be
beld every Wednesday ln room 201,
Labor temple, and a hearty invitation
Is extended to every engineer to attend.
(Continued from. Page 1.)
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
1] When you buy your suits
from us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
<J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
Cent Bait Unionists Busy.
Sherbrooke, Ont., carpenters are on
strike,    They demand the hours cut
from ten to nine, and 30c. an hour Instead of 20c.
Last week Judge Mclnnes quashed
the convictions of three men who had
been sentenced to the Vancouver
chaln-gang in May by the police magistrate. The men were arrested during tbe early part of the strike on
the C. N. R, and were handed out a
sentence of six months.
Now, after serving nearly a month
at grubbing out stumps on food that
a dog would reject, it is discovered
that they have done nothing to warrant such treatment and are set at
liberty to meditate on the advantages
of living under tbe British flag, where
an accused person always is given
the benefit of the doubt and a policeman's word Is never accepted as final.
It would be productive of very Interesting results It all the convictions
ln the local police court since the revival of the chain-gang were submitted to a like scrutiny.
The men were released without
speeches on either side, the judge deciding that the evidence on which
they were convicted was not sufficient
to warrant their conviction.
ever, the only way this could be altered is by the Building Trades Council
becoming the board of school trustees.
Building Trades Council—Delegate
Kavanagh report that some trades
were permitting employers to pay bimonthly Instead of every week, as
heretofore, and urged members to insist on receiving their wages every
Moving Picture Operators—Delegate Symonds reported that his organization was having trouble with the
Electric, Lyric and Folrvlow picture
shows, whloh are now operating with
non-union operators, Delegates were
asked to report the matter to their respective organizations and the organization committee instructed to give
whatever assistance they could to the
picture operators in assisting to
straighten up these houses.
New Business.
Pipes—Judge—That the secretary
request the C. N. R. strike committee
to supply the council a confidential
financial statement of monies received
and expended.   Carried.
Civlo Inquiry Demanded.
President Wilkinson called Delegate
McVety to the chair to Introduce the
following resolution:
"Resolved, that the city council be
requested to appoint a committee to
inquire Into the conditions of employment, and the wages paid, to women
engaged in the departmental stores,
shops, factories and other industrial
activities ln the City of Vancouver.
And further, that a copy of this res-
olution be forwarded to the following
bodies: The Good Government League,
the Ministerial Association, tbe Y. W.
C. A., the Y. M. C. A„ Womens' Christian Temperance Union the Womens'
club, the University Club, the attorney-general. Captain Collier, probation officer, and the Salvation Army,
asking them to impress upon Mayor
Flndlay and the city council the
urgent necessity of this Inquiry being
instituted as soon as possible.
And, further, that the above bodies
be asked to Inform this council what
action they have taken In reply to
this communication."
President Wilkinson, ln speaking to
the resolution, said in part that a
great deal had been heard of late
about the prevalence of sexual prostitution In the city. Mayor FindlBy and
the rest of the police commissioners
seemed to think that by hounding the
women who carried on this trade, the
evil would thereby be stamped out.
He was desirous of seeing whether
the people, who had of late professed
such a keen regard for tbe girl-life
of the city, could be Induced to Inquire Into the wages paid to the women who have to work for their living, and that it would be a good thing
to have these people on record before
tbe municipal elections In January
next, when there would be a change
made In the personnel ot the city council. He was also satisfied that Mayor
Findlay's friends could not afford to
permit him to continue In office, and
that It was desirous that his successor should not be a man whose Income
was derived from the profits extorted
from the sweated labor of women.
Delegate Pettipiece said that when
the time came the council could furnish evidence which would aBtound
the public of the city, and would prove
that It was Impossible for thousands
of working women to live a decent
life on the wretched wages paid to
their women-workers hy some of the
pillars of society In Vancouver.
Delegate R. L. Gardner of the Waitresses Union, spoke of things which
had been told to her by members of
her union, and referred specifically to
a manager in one of the largest department stores In the city.
The resolution waB supported by all
the delegates, and the opinion was expressed that the time had come when
those who professed that they were
anxious to get at the real cause of
sexual prostitution, which is so
rife in the city, should have an opportunity to do so, or else to have their
hypocrisy exposed.
McMillan • Blumberg — Whereas:
There seems to be a desire on the
part of some of the members of the
B. C. Association of Stationary Engineers to become members of the International Union of Steam nnd Electrical Hoisting Engineers, and
Whereas: The rapid development
of this trade will be an Important factor in this development, and in order
that all engineers should be members
ot one organization only, and that
organization the international union;
Therefore, be It resolved, That the
secretary be Instructed to request of
the general executive board of the International Union of Steam Engineers,
that they place an organizer in the
province of BritiBh Columbia with a
view to strengthening their local
unions."  Carried.
Delegates Present.
Amalgamated Carpenters— J. W.
Wilkinson, J. Smith, W. Foxoroft.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—A. M.
Donald, L. H. Burnham, E. H. Slater-
ton, W. O. Milne, Jas. Campbell, J.
Downle. „    _,
Bricklayers and Masons—G. W,
Judge, A. Goodwin, S. Gow, W. Utton,
Palnters-J. M. Milieu, J. Freckleton, C. Gorgklnson, J. S. DavleB.
If you have boys
don't miss a chance
like this—
The New Westminster City Council
has appointed Aldermen Gray, Donald
and White to meet the committee of
the Trades and Labor Council of that
city with a view to making arrange-
ments to run a civic labor bureau to
the exclusion of all others.
(Continued from Page 1.)
Northwest. With all the aid of the
government, with the suspension of
the Immigration laws, and with p.
ruthless, autocratic (wllce force at
his beck and call, the Master has
found It Impossible to break the
strike, Tbe tie-up Is as complete now
as It was after the walkout, and the
strikers are standing firm.
The strike has demonstrated the
power of the unskilled worker when
organized, and a successful termination to the strike will result In the
organizing of the great mass of com-
mon laborers. It bas also resulted In
drawing the various labor organizations closer together and creating a
spirit of harmony and solidarity
among them. Without the aid extend
ed by the A. F, of L. locals In British
Columbia, the I, W. W, would not
have been able to conduot this strike,
Home of "Tailor Fit"
from $15.00 to $35.00
from 75c to $5 a Suit
from $1.00 to $5.00
from $2.00 to $5.00
613 Granville Street
A lot of odd lines of Boys' Suits in
sizes from 31 to 33 in Fine Tweeds
and Worsteds, some of which are
slightly soiled about the collar. Regular prices $5.00 to $10.00. Our Price
to clear ! $2.65
Boys' Two and Three-piece Suits in
Tweeds and Worsteds, sizes 26 to 33.
Regular prices $5.50 to $8.50. Special Price for Friday and Saturday,
only $4.86
Will buy yonr Boy a very dainty little
Wash Suit here on Friday or Saturday, such as you see elsewhere for
$2.50 to $3.00.   Our Special
Price $1.60
Boys' Wash Blouse in light and dark shadea, collars
attached, for boys agea 3 to 16 years. Our Bale
Price Friday and Saturday, 40 gents or two for 76
All Boys' Buster and Sailor Suits at
spocial priees Friday and Saturday.
J. N. Harvey
125-127 Hastings Street West
Campbell's Clothing
 is honest clothing
I T stands for real value in quality of cloth, trim-
' mings and workmanship—and is guaranteed to
keep its shape.
Just take n look at your own. Does it fit on the
shoulders and around the collar? Has it held its
proper shape in front? That is where Campbell's
Clothing stands in a class by itself.  Let us show you.
PllQniKar'e — Campbell Clothing Man
\sild.mOl2r & 23 Hastings Street East
Street Railway Employees—F. A.
Hoover, P. Halgh.
Typographical—R. P. Pettipiece,
Geo. Bartley, P. Fleetwood, L. Hornett.
Machinists—J. H. McVety, A. Beasley, C. Mattlnson.
Musicians—C. F. Ward.
Western Federation of Miners—F.
Electrical Workers, 621—Nil,
Glass Workers—Nil.
Iron Molders—F. N. Donaldson, J.
Lanlgan, H. Partridge.
Letter Carriers—Nil.
Bookbinders—Geo. Mowatt, H. Godson.
Cigar Makers—Nil,
CookB—C. F. Duke.
Electrical Workers, 213—Nil.
Barbers—C. F. Buckhart', T. F. Klt-
Building Trades Council—^J. Kavanagh.
Bakers and Confectioners—W. Sellings.
Boiler Makers—Nil.
Bartenders—A. McDonald.
Sign Writers-Nil,
Longshoremen—B. Hughes.
Sterotypers—Nil. '
Moving Picture Operators—F. W.
Simmons, J. Errlngton.
Tile Layers and Helpers—Nil.
Printing PresBmen—James Maiey.
Sheet Metal Workers—Nil.
Waitresses—R. L. Gardner.
Walters—C. F. Duke.
Civic Employees—A. Wrlghtman, J.
Commercial Telegraphers—E. W.
Financial Statement.
Receipts, S35; disbursements, (33.
Adjournment, 10;05 p, m.
Mag:—It Is not known whether Vancouver's two new female police will
wear uniforms made on the "bloomer"
plan or not.
Boilermakers' Union.
The Boilermakers' card appears in
The FederationiBt's union directory
column this Issue, and the membership
hereafter will become regular readers.
The union reports progress and seems
determined to play Its part in the local
and international labor movement.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
The 1912
The Indian Motorcycle is the Ideal
Machine for the Business Han
The Motorcycle of Quality, Material, Speed and Workmanship.
The Records of the Past ate Good Enough Evidence
It represents the acme of perfection as far as Speed, Power and Re-
my are concerned.
It amply fulfils the wants of the public, whose requirements have not
received the attention they deserve,
The winner of The Tourist Trophy, held in July, 1911, on the Isle
of Man, England.
108 Hastings St. East Phone Sey. 2794
Agents for Massey-Harris Bicycles and Indian Motorcycles


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