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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 5, 1912

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Array •jtaip
fclUcULATior.! 'IM
Fourth Year. No. 55.
Nothing; possibly could be more diametrically opposed than the views expressed by the Hon. Richard McBride
at the recent convention ot the British
Columbia. Federation of Labor tnd
those expressed by the various labor
leader* who attended that: convention.  No one can peruse the report ot
the proceedings without noticing thlt.
The premiers addren of welcome
wa*. a* usual, a clever piece of work,
In which th* usual tact, caution and
smoothness were displayed; and In
which, a* usual, the spoken word*
contained very little meaning compared with the Inference* to be
drawn from the unspoken. But In
suite of th* diplomatic Ungual* In
whloh It was couched, the premier'*
message to the worker* ot tbl* province was unmistakable: The govern-,
ment he represented—and which, he
took pains to explain, wa* not a labor
government, not t capitalist government, but a government for air the
people of British Columbia—considered they had gone aa far a* they
could In meeting the wanta of th*
treat working class, and were of the
opinion that the worker* of the province had little cause for complaint and
good cause for satisfaction.
Now, all of tbl* sound* very well,
specially when voiced by tuch an
eloquent speaker aa Mr. McBride. But,
strange to say," not one ot the one
hundred delegates present agreed
with the Premier'* assertions. On the
contrary, Subsequent debates disclosed
th* fact that, without exception, the
delegates were of the opinion that
Premier McBride waa all wrong; that
the worker* were not, and had never
been, accorded fair treatment.by the
Government, and that the position of
the worker In this province wit not
bv anv means sitlsfaotorv. And, be
tt remembered, the delegates to. that
convention were no fool*, but the
r-wwm of the working class, the very
best exponent* of the cause of labor
'"'tho tirovlnce—men who had studied
th* subject tram til angles and were
In a position to speak, from personal
stndv and years of experience, of the
conditions under which men of this
province labor.
Nor I* It necessary to go far afield
to tnd the reason for such opposition
in the present administration on the
nnrt of the delegates to the conven-
ventlon. Had they not heard the
jiremler make lust such * speech a
ystr taxi? Had they not heard him
often before aay how .solicitous Ms
mvrrnrhent was for tbe worklna man
of the province? And had they not,
diirrne the Intervening year, gone re-
neatedly to the executive chamber to
be* for that very thine the government stod for—equal right* for all
the people—amlr*(m" denied It* The
fact of the matter Is, the delegatet
to the convention merely voiced the
feeling* of a vast army of workers,
throughout the province who are tired
ot listening to smooth-tongued promise* that are never fulfilled, who are
tired of befgine: and supplicating for
what Is theirs by right, and who have
awakened to a realisation that the
nnlv way for them to get fair legislation Is to send their own representatives to do the legislating.
Vow, this may sound somewhat paradoxical. Why, It might reasonablv
be asked, seeing that the worker* are
awake to their position and know tbe
remedy for their existing unsatisfactory condition—why la It that the old
parties are returned to parliament
with auch unerring regularity? The
question Is a pertinent one. and It Is
a painful one to answer; for, Indeed,
It Is a fact that the worker will groan >
and complain the. year round, will
condemn the government and bewail
the fact that no legislation I* enacted
for his benefit, and still on election
day the same representatives anient
to Victoria. The legislators from our
own ranks—where ire theyt What
mysterious force has been at work
to pjrevent their election? What enemy
at* blasted our fond hopes? We want,
ed reforms. W* wanted our own men
to govern ut. We had the power to
put men from the ranks of labor In
the house* of legislature. Wat, th*n,
Is tbl* oat has come between us and
our goal? Hit name It Inconsistency!
.Go to your lodge-room, Mr. Union
Man, and bid the member* cease for
a moment their loud condemnation of
the "*yst*m"»nd ths government. Ask
them, one by one, how they voted at
th* election*, and carefully record the
answer*, Now read them off. Horror!
Listen to thin "I wim't on the voter*' list," lay* on*; "I'm hot eligible
to vote,'! says another; "I wa* working, and couldn't get to the poll," say*
a third; "What'* th* use of throwing
my vote away," tayt a fourth; "Can't
be bothered with politics," says a
fifth;" "I'm an American cltlsen,"says
a sixth, "and can't vote In this country." Toull find the same thing In
vour union, Mr. Bricklayer, and you,
too, Mr. Carpenter. And now let us
all go down to tbe abor Hall and see
how many are going to vote in the
mayoralty election today. Question
these men lifting round the stove-
there ire twenty ot them, There art
four Who are not yet naturalised and
cannot get on the voters' list Twelve
are eligible to be put on, but have
neglected to do so. The remaining
four are actually on the Hit, but are
too buy or Indifferent to vote! Truly
this Is an awful state of affair*, especially at the headquarter* of organised labor, but therein liet the answer
to Cynic'* question.
What's to be done? This farce cannot continue. It It a disgrace to the
laboring class of the province. Let
us act like rational beings: We lee our
objective ahead of ut. We are unanimous as regards our objective. But
pure Indifference and cutiedneii prevent our falling In line for the onward march to that objective.
This month we are offered another
opportunity to make our belated start
toward self-advancement. Are we going to grasp the opportunity, or are
we going to listen to the glib promises and be overwhelmed by the sliver
oratory of our political dictator* once
more? Are we going to vote for another year or so of begging and supplication for what Is ours for the taking, or are we going to take it? Art
we going to continue to air our wants
In the open air and get clubbed for
our pains, or are we going to satisfy
those wants for ourselves in the
houses of legislation.
In the name of comon sense, accord-
At this writing it looks as
though tht outcome of the big
itrika in Great Britain would
result In the nationalisation of
coal mint* a* the only ■ohitlon..
With- th* principle Involved
once conceded the dawn of a
new Industrial era will toon be
ushered In by a united International working class. -
Are the "dreamer*" only
to bang our heads a* cowards and
hear our friend Trotter pronounce his
cutting commentary on our lack of ag-
gresslvenesi—" 'Twit ever thus."
>■'■■';    J. L. H,
Progretslve Program Outlined for
Coming Beaton by Knight*
of Squirt and Saw.
On Wednesday night, February 28,
we had an old-time meeting. The room
waa full and everybody very Interested
and many subject* thoroughly considered and discussed from all angles. :          _  .„..„   .
Recommendations from the District 'GLECT THIS ANV LONGER,
Worktrt Ott What Thty Ota Take
—Thtrt It Ho "Batiittj"
to Run Without Thtm.
Are you a member of the union of
your trade?   If not, why not?
At an individual you are at helpless at a sapling on a moor of torn-
PMt -
Ton know that your bout to work
for whom yon mease, tor at many
hour* *■ you, please, and a* mueh a*
you please, 1* a Joke.
Ton know that no non-union man
can do that, for he has to ask the employer for the right to work, for what
he chooses to p*y, and as many hour*
aa ha desires.  ' , ■
Organised labor has been able by
united action and collective bargaining to shorten the work day, raise
wag**, and In many ways Improve the
condition* of the worker.
All will agree that the worker doe*
not get a fair share of the wealth produced; that tha hours of work per
day are too many.
Organised - labor has by united
action been able to secure let* hour*,
better wages; to resist, successfully,
reduction* In pay; to make them
selves respected; to have better
hornet, better clothes, better food,
more comforts; to make the shop a
better place to work In and many
other things too numerous to mention.
Your own common Sense tells yon
that you should be a member of your
union. :,;■'■ tj.
Tour duty to your family, fellow
worker, and yourteK, demands It.
You have no doubt made up your
mind that as an individual you are
powerless to Improve your working
conditions and that you will at tome
time become a member.
Council were read and commented on
by many, very ably Supported and expressed by Brother A. McDonald, president of the U. B. D. C.
Some of the recommendations follow:
Raise dues of all local* of U. B. to
$1 per month,
Lower initiation fee to <6 for three
Raise per capita tax to District Council to 25 cent* per month and give
initiation fee to same body.
District Council to take over control and pay services ot business
All these are to be thoroughly discussed again on Wednesday night,
March. 14th, and voted on at a specially called meeting.
These are matters of grave Importance to the local and every member
should make a special effort to attend,
The financial secretary will tend card
notices to all those whote addresses
he has.
Members are requested to come in
and correct their addresses. Also to
leave 60 cents with the Financial Secretary for one year's subscription to
the official organ, the British Columbia
We see by the News-Advertiser that
no more stores of any kind are to be
Ing to the amount with which we are I allowed open on Sunday.  Well, If this
severally imbued, let us make a step Is a good thing why not stop the street
forward.    Let us  first   think—then cars? Close the hotels?   The licensed
make others think. Let us wske up
the dead ones, and get the blood once
more coursing through their veins,
et us mobilise and organise our forces,
and having organised, let us drill and
teach them. Then we shall have an
army the advance of which cannot
be stayed. What though we do not
meet with sweeping victory at the
elections, we shall find satisfaction
In knowing that we put up a good
fight, and that we have paved
way for better things next time. And
havlg fought well, we shall not have
assignation houses? The ferry? Clear
Every day's delay places you and
your fellow worker In a more dangerous position, and unless you assist to
put a stop to it you are responsible
for your own and your fellow workers' degradation.
Remember that the workers' is the
only organisation that has up to this
time done anything for the workers,
and Unless all pull together, you workers will be compelled to accept whatever the employer chooses to give.
The union desires to benefit the
worker and to do good; Its aims are
to improve "the conditions under which
men and women are compelled to
work and live. ■ ■ ".:
The fight of ONE is. the fight of
ALL and unless ALL get together
SOON the workers' slavery will be
The chairman of tht central
labor body parliamentary committee write* The Federatlonist
as follow*:
" "Will you please draw the attention of amllated union* to th*
fact that each local I* entitled
to send one delegate to tt* Parliamentary committee. Judging
by tht attendance tbl* I* not
very generally known. It It particularly desirable that each
union should be represented regularly.
"The committee, meet* twice
a month—on Friday* preceding
Trade* and Labor Council meeting"
By becoming:* member Of your
union you can do something to elevate the   workers.   Of  course,   you
£..'- , ,      ■• .   "- '• ._	
the streets of the automobiles that obstruct them In the vicinity of the Astor
grill and the Bismarck cafe? There
ara-some other Innovations that, might
be tried. Among Others the Opening
of the churches during week days and
the dispensation among the deserving
poor of the city of an amount to at
least equal to that now being collected
for China.
"Charity begins at home," and Mayor Flndlay and tbe police force are dispensing it for Vancouver.     L. H. B.
may not be able to revolutionise the
world, you may not be able to change
the whole system Immediately, but
you will be doing something to make
the world better not only for yourself
but those who come after you.
The employers says he will run hie
business to suit himself; HOW FOOLISH THIS IS, for he knows It Is IM
POSSIBLE for him to get along without the worker.
Men have a right to say for how
much they will work, and how'many
hour* per day—Just as much right a*
the employer has to organise and by
limiting production raise the price of
his product whenever he sees tit.
When the employer sees an opportunity to raise the price upon hi*
goods he does it, but when the workers say that they will raise tbe price
upon labor the boss immediately says
they are running his business.
SLAVES, and it is about time to revolt.
The only Intelligent way to revolt le
to thoroughly organise.
The unions of the world have accomplished a great deal In the paat
for tbe workers. They have raised
wages, reduced the hours ot work,
provided better and more sanitary factory conditions. Nay, they have done
more, they have succored the sick,
burled the dead and relieved the unemployed.
The workers' organisation has not
reached the end of Its usefulness;
It will do more. It will continue to do
good until complete Justice Is done
tbe. workers.
.. Are you, Mr. Non-Union Man, willing to aid in this humane effort?   """ '
Are you willing to join hands with
your fellow workers in an effort to
push on this work to its ultimate
We say again, JOIN THE UNION,
and then study the relationship between your ballot and your meal
Ready for Yon now
WHEN' you walk along Granville St
drop into the store and take a look
at the new $15 Suits for men on
display. They represent the latest styles in
men's suits and incidentally they represent
the best men's suit Values ever shown in
Vancouver. They are made of specially
selected Sootoh tweeds. The coat collar and
fronts are made so that they will retain
their shape. The vests show a neat out and
are trim. The trousers' hang well. We
doubt very much whether you would see
better looking suits than these in any store
and we are positive you will not find as
good value. Oome in all sizes.
Hudson's Bay Stores
Central Labor Body Activities
Of Neighboring Cities
The recent publication In the form
of a Trades Union Directory for this
city has proven itself to be a work
of art.- It has, In addition to information regarding the various organizations other matters of local Interest.
Another Interesting feature is the
Provincial labor law*, such as the
Workmen's Compensation Act, the
Employers' Liability Act, Mechanics'
Liens Act and the Shops Regulation
Act These matters will be to the
workers a very present help in time
of trouble. It wa* printed under the
supervision of the central labor body,
and the way that It has been handled
has made It a source of revenue to
that body. Anyone wishing to obtain
a copy of It can do so by applying to
C. Slverts, 1278 Dehman street, Victoria, B. C.
A rumor ot a rather interesting nature to the workers of this olty is
being circulated broadcast. A certain
member of the Provincial cablpet,
high up at that, who resides In this
city, was holding a festive function
at his home.
Regular meeting held in Labor Hall
Wednesday, February 28.
Credentials were received for Delegate H. Corder ot the Teamsters'
union. Delegates Callow, Federal La-
bor union, and Corder of the Teamsters' were seated.
Report of Unions.
Typos—Two new members; all
Bartenders—All working except
Delegate J. McDonald, who Is HI In
the hospital.
Plumbers—Some men still Idle, but
business is Improving,
Clgarmakers are all working.
Street Railway Employees report
eight new members and everybody
work for Chinamen's pay.    Finding
that foreign labor Is a much cheaper
,   . ,.      ....   , commodity than tho Britishers that
Several of his political tney talk about they have had Chinese
confreres were In attendance to par
tlclpate In the sumptuousness of the
occasion. During the progress of the
programme the host was called upon
to make a speech, political In Its character, of course. He spoke of better
terms, railroad policies and Oriental
exclusion. As a modern Demosthenes
he poured forth his soul on the importance of British Columbia becoming a white man's country- It was In
the middle ot this incident that the
empty vessels required further replenishment. In order to add earnestness
to the speaker's remarks for the total
exclusion of Orientals this was done.
arrived on the sceen with the drinks.
After several months of agitation
the city council has. decided on.making $3 the minimum wage for civic
employees. Throughout all this period
the Victoria Builders' Bvchange, of
whloh Alderman W. A. Oleason Is
member, has maintained a dignified
silence. They arrived on the scene
at the last moment, however, with a
protest againat the action taken. The
reason advanced Is In common with
that of all employer* of labor, as can
be readily expected. They are ot the
opinion that this Is rather hard on
the poor contractors. In the letter
addressed to the city fathers they state
that they are not opposed to any legitimate Increase In the rate of wages.
They tail to state what is a "legitimate wage." It la evident from their
objection that It must be below |3.
They do not ttate that they believe In
giving British subjects the preference.
The history of the labor movement
In thl* city will bear out the truth of
that statement—when British subjects
employed as hod carriers Irrespective
of the fact that railroad companlea
and other such philanthropic Institutions were flooding the labor market
with Immigrants from the Old Country. Their contention Ib that the Increase In wages will have the tendency of embarrassing the contractors
by forcing them to increase the wages
of their employees also, and to force
them to pay the extra two bits is no
wonder that they should raise the
kick at this time. The most novel
of their objections Is that the action
will have the effect ot bringing in
"alien and undesirable labor." Judging from the past record of this contractors' union, the only labor that has
really been undesirable is the Britisher. They complain that these foreigners that are coming here have no
sympathy for British Institutions. It
can be proven without much exertion
that they have almost as little use
for British Institutions as the contractors have for British men. They
state that the "labor market at present is filled with men demanding
work." This Is something known by
every union man. Why there should
be any objection from an organization
of bosses to a condition of the sort Is
more or less of a surprise, seeing that
such a market condition would have
then tendency of cheapening labor.
The secretary of this organisation Is
not far from the truth when he says
that 75 per cent, of this labor is
foreign. But it is the railroad companies that he hat to praise, or blame,
and not the labor unions for this golden opportunity for him to obtain some
cheap slaves.
Amalgamated Carpenters, nearly all
Harbors all busy; report two unfair shops.
Teamsters are holding an open
meeting on Thursday, to which the
executive of the central body is invited.
United Brotherhod Carpenters report an Improvement In trade; nearly
all members busy and new members
Federal tabor union, all busy.
Painters report few unemployed.
Delegates Grant and i Robertson
were elected to vacancies on the
grievance committee,
Delegate Cameron, Teamsters, was
elected to municipal committee.
Delegate Turnbull, Amalgamated
Carpenters, was elected to parliament
committee and Delegate Grant, United
Brotherhood Carpenters, to the organization committee.
Mr. Moses Cotsworth was given
privilege to address the meeting on
the Iniquitous bill proposed by the
legislature giving the architects'
union a rake-off on every home built
by the workers of value over $600. He
suggested that every trades and labor
council and free library should be
supplied with a copy of all proposed
legislation so they would know what
Is being done at Victoria In time to
enter a protest when the Interests of
the workers Is being jeopardized.
A telegram was sent to J. D. Taylor,
M. P., at Ottawa, endorsing his action
In having fresh salmon placed on the
free list.
Delegate Cameron made a report
for the Labor Temple Company stating that affairs are in a very satisfactory condition,-but suggested that Individual unionists are not falling over
themselves In an effort to secure
stock. Delegates asked to report back
to unions,
Delegates Gilchrist, Maiden and
Knutsen were elected a special committee to Investigate conditions in
the Royal Columbian Hospital.
Delegate Cameron Inquired if any
notice had been received from the
B. C. Federation of Labor regarding
the referendum vote which should
have been taken within thirty days
of adjournment.   Receipts 11.80.
• OTTAWA, March L—From *11
petraaoa* tt* only oooaldtratioa Labor win receive (it tt* hud* tf tt*
government during tht trtasnt ianion
I* such ** I* incidental tt tt* Matt*
on question of preponitewtlat Importance. . Ky
Such quMtlsa* *■ food to tt* starving, the savin* ot children fret* poverty sad want, tt* treveattoa of our
■liter* tram being swept lata a lit* of
•ham* «* a result ot laadequate remuneration (or taeir dally toll, tt*
making of oondlttoai surrounding labor
which will ensure comfortable and
happy home* tor tt* worker*—the
welfare of tt* whole human family
pal** Into intlgnlfloanee when compared with th* overwhelming magnitude of "bounties oa Iron,'* the granting of charter* to railway com
th* payment of a few million* for th*
transcontinental railway*, etc.
In otter wordt human life—should
tt* life beihlTOf th* worker-Is of
let* Importance to our legislator* than
li th* condition of th* pocketbook of
certain Individuals.
It seem* to be comnaratiely easy for
the Manufacturer*' Association, th*
large capitalised corporation*, even the
fanner*' deputations, to gain, the ear
of the government and to secure something of a tangible nature, but tor
Labor, embracing a* tt doe* tt* ma-
Jority of tht, population of th* Dominion, It I* wholly different
On February 5th an Interesting debate arose over the "Fishery Protection Service of the Pacific Coait" Mr.
Bheppard ot Nanalmo not alone championed th* protection of tbe Canadian
fisheries from poachers, but stated
bluntly and emphatically that he
"would eliminate all Oriental* from
tt* Ashing industry." He finished
noteworthy speech as follow*:
"Now, Mr. Speaker, permit me to
tay a word or two with regard to the
Oriental question. Thar* I* no quid pro
quo. Our own people cannot entice
in the fisheries or enter Into any other
Industry in Japan or India. Therefore
the advantage It clearly on the aid* of
the Asiatic, and the present system Is
manifestly unfair to our own work-
en. I sincerely trust that the member* of this House will, without regard to party politics, endeavor to
frame laws for the country such aa
will eventually tend to a white Canada. The Oriental question will probably come up before thl* House at an
early date and I shall then have more
to aay on tt* subject. I trait that
honorable member* on both tides of
the House will give np their support
in our endeavor to eliminate some of
the disadvantage* under which our
people are laboring on the Pacific
The debate on the appointment of
"tariff oonwlsstao" on. February /
gave one something to think over. The
government'! aide proved to its own
satisfaction that Labor was protected
by the tariff,, while the opposition, particularly through Mr. Oliver of Edmonton, proved that Labor was not
protected since It was sold In free
competition with all the labor that
cared to come to Canada. On the other band, while the manufacturer is protected by preventing gdods from coming Into Canada in competition with
the goods he Is selling, the government
is doing everything through emigration agexcies, etc,, to bring in labor
free In competition with the home product—the Canadian worker. Again, the
tariff, Mr. Oliver contended, Is responsible tor Increasing tbe cost of living
and making it harder for the worker
to live.
On wltttsta let I* tWvta te th*
ooaeltatot that IrtftisfUl it Hit**
wagee on tt* whale .tatty Mtov tht
out of nvtag, it wltata* tt* totals';
living oa thl* aortaara toatjsatat, la
lo*. aarop* aad Atto totoOttnt tt> •
dlStrtae* la win*.
Is leu tha* la tt* W«t St attttw
Oa fisTthtr rtaectloa B It bora* la «;
one that th* oa* ttavg tt**ati*l lit
th* working awn to totra It to i
What ha dOM that ht trW natt*
itand how to pat tht avacataary a
motion to eotuerv* thlt* latarett*.   .
To achieve thlt tad rnteero* matot
eat agnation, srmlitrln* *tvt teteea-
tlon. '   £•"»':■•"'
Through agitata** tt tctat tat ttt
carry *a a prnp*n*at at
Th* education required It a I	
ait* of ttt faro** opening la tht ■*•>
ducUOB Of all tt* ItMSMrs** MS] tMtV
fori* of rite and the force* itsmaatsW*
for the tew bang in ptaMatoa of a
superabundance of tho** thaw* white
tt* vast majority have MtUe or are la
actual want la abort, * study of political and social i
It may be of Interest to wigetaraon
to know that on Prstldtnt WOUaata
of th* local Trad** and Labor Otejadl
waiting on th* Board of School Ttat-
ton of the municipality of South Vancouver he wa* assured hy ttat body
that as far as poeejMe aaloa condition
a* towage* and hours of labor would
be observed In carrying out ttt eta-
tract* for new school bolldlagi to tt
•noted during tht year.
Another matter of considerable Importance to the worklagmaa Is the appointment of a medical laipector tad
assistant nun* to attend to matter*
relative to the health of South Vancouver ichool children hy tat only ad-
vising th* parent* ot children la whtt)
any physical weakest* or dlteue t*
discovered but also provMiag without
cott to tha parent* staple prescriptions and attention of a aant, who
visits the home* of children who coat
under the care of tne medical inspector.
Through the effort* of Trustee* Net-
lands and Vogei substantial Inert***
ha* been mad* la tt* aalarie* paid to
teachere by raining th* schedule to ttt
same a* that of the city of Vtaoouvar.
Satisfaction Peculltr te Lawyer*,
"I tent yon an account ot £S tar
collection," said a man, enulag lato
the office of a lawyer.
"Yee, you did:"
"What success have you had?"
"Sued htm last week tnd got It"
"That't good.   Give me th* money,
and tell me tt* amos.it of your feet
tnd I will pay yon."
My fees are £10. I have given yon
credit for th* £5 collected, pay at*
another £6 and we'll be square."
"What?" gasped the man. "I don't
see where I make anything by collecting the debt"
"Nothing, my dear air, from a money
point of view; but you have th* satisfaction of knowing that a <''
man hat been brought to Justice.'
I. T. U. Election of Officer*.
On February 17th President Lynch
of the International Typographical
Union had received 172 nominations
for reelection In May next, while his
presidential opponent, Mr. Barker of
Spokane, had 78. The anti-admlnls-
tratlonlBts are putting up a well-organized effort to make a change In the
personnel of the I. T. U. executive
Over 9,000
Unionists   Affiliated
with the B. C. Federation of Labor,
of those who use
If all
Overalls and Shirts
would insist upon buying none but the
Buck Brand
Bearing this guarantee of good workmanship and quality
There would lie double the number of employees  in  our factory,  working   under
sanitary and union conditions.
Wm.J. McMaster
& Sons, Ltd.
..,..._ .. JiUiHMfWa-
TUE8DAV..,,, ■ ,,„.ltkSm.X -Mil
Traders Bank of
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TUESDAY..... '.MARCH 6, 1912
The greatest Industrial struggle that
has ever taken place in the Old Country Ib now being waged In all its grim
Nearly a million miners are on strike
for the principle of a minimum wage
for those who work In the most dangerous of all Industries, as Ib shewn by
the figures Issued by the Board of
Trade and based upon the returns of
the Factory and Mining Inspectors of
the Old Country.
The following is the number of
workers killed in the leading industries ot Great Britain during 1909, the
last available figures:
Miners 1493
Shipping 1210
Factories   700
Docks, etc  117
Building   106
Quarries    84
Railways   872
. One thousand four hundred and
ninety-three miners killed In one year!
That's one side of the question.
Here Is the other:
"The average return on the capital
sunk In Ordinary shares in the British
coalfields received In the period 1898
to 1910 was 0.6 per cent.
This means that taking the collier,
ies as a whole, good and bail together, the shareholders received their
capital back about one and a quarter
times In thirteen years, '
.The original capital invested is still
Intact, and in most cases has been Increased by appropriations taken from
the profits to build up reserve funds.
Yet the owners are not satisfied.
They say, "We are to run our business In our own way."
Well, they never had a better chance
In their lives.
But why don't they get busy?
The miners are certainly not trying
to prevent them, for they have left
the collieries entirely to the owners.
The truth Is that the canting humbug about "their business" is exposed by an object lesson more convincing to the miners than ton years of
mere theorizing.
The owners, by their selfishness
have taught the miner more than he
could have taught himself In the same
They have killed the goose with the
golden" eggs. The murder Is out, and
the truth Is as plain and clear as the
sun In heaven.
The capitalist has no business unless the workers are willing to make It
for him.
The collieries are there; all the ma
chinery Is there; but neither have any
value by themselves.
It Is the labor of tbe miners which
produces tha coal. The coal has no
value until It. Is produced.
Therefore the value of the coal when
it is produced, should rightly belong
to those who have produced it—the
Thus Is capitalism forced—In spite
of Itself, and in spite ot the apathy of
the workers—to prove that the only
permanent solution of this problem
is to make the mines the common property of the people of Oreat Britain,
to be operated by them for the use
ot the people and not for the making
of profit, which can only be obtained
by robbing the miners of tbe major
portion of the value of their work.
something which might be stolen?
This will greatly assist the Vancouver
Police Department In the solution of
the many mysteries which have baffled them of late.
An unlawful assembly Is tbe assembly of three or more persons met to
carry out a common purpose In such
a manner as to cause persons in the
neighborhood to have reasonable
grounds for feeling that the peace
would be disturbed tumultuouBly. This
exactly describes an assembly on the
Powell street grounds Jan. 28th. Well
on to one hundred policemen, mounted and afoot, assembled there evidently with a common purpose. There
can be no doubt whatever that their
presence caused persons In the neighborhood to have reasonable grounds
for feeling that the peace would be
disturbed tumultously. In fact, this
feeling was so pronounced that a
great many persons ascended to the
roots of nearby houses for safety's
When we look at this affair entirely
aside from tiresome legal quibble, It
teaches the workingmen of Vancouver
a lesson It Ib to be hoped will not soon
be forgotten. It shows them the shallowness of their "liberties" when their
masters' Interests are endangered. It
Illustrates better than any argument
of words that government Is clasp
government and the governed class Is
tho working class. It should teach
them the Immediate necessity for
working class representation In
houses of parliament.
Whether they have learned the les
son or not will be seen on March 30.
■tt th* most comfortable suspenders because the principle
at their back adjust* itself to
tsrtrjr bend of the body. Every
pair guaranteed. lioot . for
Mt*r*rald«nt" oa the buc-
kles. Trimming* can.
Mt mat. Made heavy or
ngtrt, wide or narrow.
Price) 50c.
The'decision of Judge Mclnnes by
which-Peter Johnson, William O'Brien,
Albert Pown and M. Bodner will spend
three months in the Provincial jail
Is one of peculiar interest. These men
were arrested on the Powell street
grounds Sunday, Jan. 28th, when the1
police broke up a meeting ot working
men which had been called for the
purpose of hearing Premier McBrlde's
message to the unemployed. His Honor held that tire meeting was an unlawful assembly and the accused, being members thereof, were guilty of a
The reasoning by which this decision was arrived at was absolutely
flawless and the decision itself eminently Just. The Judge pointed out
that there had been a large crowd of
spectators at the grounds who had
quite evidently been attracted by the
expectation of some disorder.
"What did that crowd of five thousand people expect was going to happen?" said he, "can any other reason
tor their presence there be assigned
than that they expected that there
would be a breach of the peace?"
" The wisdom of this was apparent
to all. Even the defense could not
and, moreover did not, deny that these
thousands expected a breach ot the
peace. , Further, the defenso did not
deny that there actually had been a
disturbance of the peace. On the
other hand, It was clearly set forth
by the prosecution itself that the disturbance was caused by the police
and not by the accused, and that It
was solely the actions of the police
that had drawn the crowd. His honorV
reasoning;, (therefore, being Jpartlcu,
larly cogent and just, establishes an
extremely interesting precedent.
Henceforth, whenever disorders occur and the peace Is disturbed, punishment will be meted out, not to the disturbers, but to those who Buffer by
the disturbance. An admittedly peaceful assemblage Is violently Interrupted
and rudely scattered by police. The
victims of this action, not the assailants,, are brought before the bar of
justice and found guilty of unlaful assemblage. No one can find fault with
such, a finding. Clearly, if there wore
no peace it could not be broken, and
those who are keeping it are necessarily parties to Its breach. If we apply
the decision to other crimes It will be
seen that the man whose watch Is
stolen Is equally guilty of theft with
the person who got It Perfectly correct. How could anyone be a thief If
there were no one In possession of
"Daughter am I In Kelly's house
But no mistress In my own."
Join a union and make a noise like
a man.
Nomination day, March 12; election
day, March 28.
The cloudy political weather seems
to be affecting the Sun.
A wage-worker without a union is
easy prey for labor-skinners and flag-
The "rabble" has an opportunity on
March 28th of becoming "responsible
The deadest thing In British Columbia, with the least cause-for resurrection—the Liberal' party.
Demand union label products; join
a union and don't vote the same political ticket as your boss.
The Liberals have even assumed
the Socialist prerogative of walking to
the polls on election day.
Just as though It made any difference whether the Liberal "party"
places any candidates in the field or
"Every time I successfully negotiate
a loan from the bank I feel just like
McBride'B railway policy—till, the note
comes due."
Aid. and Police Commissioner Williamson, being an authority on all
things he knows tho least about,
should have caught a place on the
"high cost of living" civic commission.
"I'll venture to say there are more
real estate speculators per capita
among Vancouver clergymen than any
other profession this tar west," was
the remark overheard by a Federatlonist reporter on a belt line street
car the other day. Who said something about materialism?
Mayor Flndlay moves in mysterious
ways his blunders to perform. No
sooner docs Premier McBride get him
nit of the free speech jack-pot than
he rambles into punch-clock methoda
it the city hall. As playing the part
of a grown-up school boy, Flndlay
may be a howling success; but as the
executive head of a city he should ue
under canvas as a "horrible example."
Might be well tor officers of organized labor to secure a few "dictographs." The game would work well
the other way round. Supposing for
Instance, we had a dictograph account
of the conversation between McBride-
SowBer and FlndlaykoffskyI Or better
still, the real terms between BUI and
Dan and the governmental executive
at Victoria. Sure thing; let'B have
the dictograph!
Aid. White has undertaken to solve
tbe problem of "high cost of living."
The city council may be Induced to appoint a commission to Inquire Into
the working of several alleged combines, the meat trust in particular.
The operations of the Investigating
committee, If on the level, would probably be lnstiuctive; but just what Aid.
White intends to do about It, anyway,
might prove of Interest to psuedo-
reformers and social surface-skimmers,
"I used to roast Bob Kelly; now
he leadeth me; I used to slam the
racetrack brigands, but ono page ad
flxeth me and tt will be all right when
my horse wins; verily have I been on
every side of every question since the
beginning; I accuseth labor officials
of graft! but never need or UBe proof;
for am I myself not the best single-
handed grafter that ever came down
tho pise; yea I would suck a lemon If
Bob Kelly so directed."—John P. Mc-
Connell (Bruce).
The Good Book is authority for the
■itntcmont that lllie begets like. It
1ms been sold that some dogs will lick
the bond that smites them. The Sun
interviewed a Vancouver policeman
last week. "That's one thing about
a Chinaman," said the sergeant, "1
never see one go away angry. Soak
them as bard as you like and they
always leavo smiling." Was It Bis-
mnrrk who said: "Smile as you lead
them to the scaffold, but hang them"?
Now, which characteristic was being
developed In the Asiatic mind?.
In a suburban town near Iandon,
England, the employing class have
adopted a novel Idea to lure young
men into tho service of the citizens'
army. An organization ot young
women has been effected, pledged
"not to marry; not to become engaged
to: not to walk out with; not to dance
with: not to go on the river with; not
to nmllo upon; not to speak to any
young man who Is not, or who does
not promise to become at once a Territorial." All of which seems to Indicate the desperate and fanatic methods that must be employed to cajole
workingmen Into the service of the
enemy. The sentiment, however,
"that If the capitalists want war, let
them do their own lighting," seems to
be spreading Very rapidly; so much
so that tbe bosses are somewhat disturbed.
"War is hell! Let the capitalists
go to—war."
Good morning! Have you "discovered" 'steen sticks of dynamite?
Have.I done something for the general Interest? Well, then I have had
my reward, et this always be present
to thy mind, and never stop doing
good.—Marcus Aurelius.
When guttersnipe meets blatherskite: Sam Qothard and Jack McCon-
nell (Bruce) engaged In a bar-room
brawl one day last week, both receiving black eyes; and, as at character-
assassination, honors were about
"Convicted on the evidence of police
and parsons" was one of the comments overheard at the. trial ot the
wage-workers found "guilty" of daring
to speak on a public square contrary
to the wishes of the grown-up school
boy who temporarily presides at the
city hull.
The Liberals and Conservatives are
having much difficulty in trying to
convince the workers that there Is any
difference between their respective
parties, In Ferule, or any place else,
however, they soon sink their differences and combine to beat working
class candidates.
In view of recent events all over
the labor world It might be well for
wage-workers to reconsider their attitude towards the soldiery and militia.
Probably It would be advisable to join
en masse and learn the gentle art ot
manslaughter on a wholesale acale.
The knowledge might come In handy
before the struggle between those who
make wealth and those who take
wealth Is over.
Flndlaykoffsky'B newly.-organized
chain gang, a disgrace to civilization,
has been In operation for a couple of
weeks, cleaning up a lot of land on
the cheap for the city. The unfortunates had occasion to go on strike last
Saturday, refusing to work on Saturday afternoons. As a result the recalcitrants are subsisting oh a bread
and water diet; a further tribute to
the mighty mind temporarily presiding as chief magistrate,
A Dutchman, addressing his dog,
said: "You vas only a dog, but I vlsh I
vns you. Ven you go mlt your bed In,
you shust turn round dree times und
lay down; ven I go mitt de bed In, 1
have to lock up de blace, und vlnd up
de cloof, and put the cat oud, und on-
dress myself, und my frau wakes up
and scolds, den de baby wakes up
and cries, und I have to valk him mlt
de house round, den maybe ven I get
myself to bed It is time to got up
again. Ven you get up you shust
stretch-yourself, dig your neck a little
und you vas up. I haf to light de Are,
put on de kettle, scrap some mlt my
wife already, und get myself breakfast.
You blay around all day und have blen-
ty of fun. I haf to .work all day und
have Plenty of drubble. Von you die
you vas dead; ven I die I haf to go to
bell yet maybe."—The Plasterer. ,
"There is a cause for the high cost
of living.
Commissions may Bit on It, draw
their salaries and go home, but it will
not go down.
It is up to stay. The days of 15-
ccnt eggs and 18-ccnt butter arc over.
In these two commodities, which arc
concrete examples, the price fell when
the supply rushed to the market in
excess of the demand.
Do not stand around wasting your
time waiting for the grand rush.   It
will come no iture.
dead.   The march of progress is its
funeral march.
Organization is the little joker that
causes the price of the necessities of
life to go bounding upward.
Not only have the big trusts found
this new Aladin's lamp.
Every agency that touches the commodity from producer to the tabic—
ave, the groaning tabic—groaning
from its poverty—of the dazed ultimate consumer has come under the
spell of organization.
The maker, the shipper, the wholesaler, the jobber, the distributer, yes,
even the little store-kecper, all arc in
their respective organizations .inict
those combines have but one reason
for existence, that the individual member may have profit, that he may be
protected from the oempetition of his
It is the age of organization. ^Tlie
workers, the last to catch the inspiration of the spirit of the age, will be
forced to form one big organization to
preserve their very lives.
Business is unconsciously preparing
the world for socialism."
Tlie Clgarmakers' Union desire to
draw the attention of organized labor
the apparent lax demand for the shop
card and the union label in this city.
Why the trades unionists are pot
more consistent and persistent in buying the products of their fellow union-'
lets Is more than I can understand.   .
Possibly many take a similar view
to the benighted card man who last
summer told me he never asked for
the label first on making a purchase,
because the clerk would jump the
price two-bits or more on the article.
There you.are; a full grown union,
man afraid to let the salesman know
who he was, what he wanted and why
he wanted a union made article, afraid
to the extent of two-bits, when In
reality there were no grounds for
that imaginary raise.
One can buy a loaf of bread with
the label on it for the same price
as a non-union loaf. The same thing
can be applied to a pair of shoes, a
hat, a suit of clothes, etc. etc.
Of course, a native, may get stung,
now and then, but more often if he
purchases cheaper non-union goods,
for a cheap article is dear at any price.
Every purchase of non-union goods
is a blow indirectly at your own interest. Every purchase of union-made
goods Is a boost for a fellow unionist in the trade and indirectly a benefit to your union.
Refrain from assisting the scabs in
the future and particularly the scab
cigarmakers in the province of Quebec.
Notice our blue label cut in this paper and have it in mind the next time
you shove your hand in the cigar case.
We need your assistance, fellow unionist, and need it badly.
Did we ask for monetary assistance
you might have cause to squirm. We
have never yet asked for financial
assistance, but we have, do now, and
will in the future ask for your full patronage of the blue label cigars.
R. F. GRA1G.
At the solicitation of a number of
union officials throughout the province
yearly subscription post cards, ready
for rc-mailing. have been printed b)
The Federationist.
These will be sold at the rate of 10
sub cards for $7.90, and upon receipt
from any quarter will be accepted as
good for one year's subscription to
any part of the postal union.
Officers and business agents arc requested to send in orders at once.
Where necessary the cards will be
mailed and charged to the account
of the agent to be paid for as sold at
the regular rale of $1 per year.
All parties without exception recognize us (the workers) as a political
power, and exactly In proportion, to our
power. Even the craziest reactionary
that denies lis the right of existence
courts our favor and by his acts gives
the He to his words. From the fact
that our assistance Is sought by other
parties some of our comrades draw the
strange conclusion that we should reverse the party tactics and, in place
Of the old policy of the class struggle
against all other parties, substitute the
commercial politics of logrolling, wirepulling, and compromise. Such persons forget that the power which
makes our alliance sought for, even by
our bitterest enemies, would have had
absolutely no existence were it not for
the old class struggle tactics.. •   *   *
Just In thlB tact lies our strength,
that we are not like the others, and
that we are not only not like the others, and that we are not simply different from the others, but that we are
their deadly enemy, who have sworn
to storm and abolish the Hostile of
Capitalism, whose defenders all others
are. Therefore we are only strong
when we are alone.—Wllhelm Lleg-
A "Scibby Outfit."
Tho T. Eaton Company of Toronto,
Montreal and Winnipeg are once more
engaged In an effort to thwart the
moderate demand* of the poorest paid
lot ot slaves In Canada. This time it
Is the membership ot the Cloakmak-
ers' Union, composed mostly ot young
woman, who are the victims. The
practice of non-payment for overtime,
charging up "spoiled" garments to
such an extent that the girls owed the
company at the end of the week, brutal
treatment by petty bosses In all depart,
ments and wages that cause the filling of more than half the houses of
prostitution In Canada—these and other grievances are at the bottom of the
present strike.. The membership of
organized labor throughout Canada
should know what to do.
As a political contortionist C. M.
Woortworth is In a class by himself,
Thank heaven, he haa never attempted to break Into the working class
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subicrlptlon $1 Par Yatr
Miners' Maniine 60S Railroad
Bids ■ Denver, Colorado
The Home of High-Clan
Where Everybody Goes
—is no concern of the union man. How he can use
the Trust is muoh more to the point. 11 The advantages that accrue to the big concern come freely in
the natural course of business. The same advantages
can express themselves only in two ways—lower prices
or higher profits and competition decides on low prices,
H Low pices rule at Spencer s. You oan buy almost
any article here, and buy it at a lower price than you
oan elsewhere —Groceries, Meat, Brygoods, Wearing
Apparel, Furniture—everything wanted in everyday
life—You oan save money here, f On one principle
and one alone you should buy your commodities here.
David Spencer, Ltd.
f Secretaries are requested to notify manager of change of officers.
eratlon of Labor—Meeti In annual convention In January of eaoh year. Executive
officers, 1918-13; President. J, W. Wilkinson, P.O. Box 1195 Vancouver; vice-president!, Geo. A. Burt, Box 798, Nanalmo; B.
D. Grant, 713 Fifth avenue. New Went-
mlmter; tm. H. McVety, 1744 Broadway
weit, Vancouver; R. P.. Pettlplece, S349 St.
Catherine! street, Vancouver; J. Roberta,
Bo 35, Moyle; C. Blverti, 1878 Donman
street, Victoria; J, J. Tn-lor, Ladysmlth.
Secretary-treasurer, Victor II, Mldglev. Box
1195, Vancouver; delegate to Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, R, p. Pettlplece,
2349 at Catherines street, Vancouver; fraternal delegate to Washington State Federation   of   Labor,   Jaa,     H,   McVety,   1744
40.—Meets at Labor HaU second and
fourth Tuesdays of each month. President,
Bro, Fox; vice-president, Bro, Hunter; secretary, Wm. F. Herforth, 2136 Westminster
avenue; treasurer, Bro, Beaver; delegates to
Building Trades Council, Bros, Herforth,
Thompson and Olnnadale. Delegates to
Trades and Labor Council, Bros. Fox, Lor-
ansky and Hunter.	
Moderate Prices
137 Cordova Street W.
' Basement Hotel Cordova
Opp. Labor HaU
first and third Thursday, Labor
Hall, 118 Cordova street west, tup-
stairs). President, J. W. Wilkinson;
. Ice-president, John McMillan: general secretary R. Parm, Pettlplece, 8349 St. Catherines street; phone Fairmont 486; sec-
rctary-trcam.er, Jas. Campbell, 1994 Fourth
avenue weft, phone Bayvlew 953R; statistician, Mrs, Rose L. Gardiner; sergeant-alarms, Fred A. Hoover; trustees, J. Kava-
iaKh. James H. McVety, Victor R. Mldgley.
every Friday In Labor HaU, 118 Cordova street west, president J, Kavnnanh;
vice-president, J. melon; secretary, J, McMillan, Labor Hail; financial secrotary-
treasurer, Wm. M. Herforth; business agent,
J. McMillan, Labor Hall. Phono Seymour
1380. Office) hours, 8 to 9, 18 to 1, 4:30 to 5.
of Vancouver—Meets second Monday In
the month In Labor Hall, president, E.
Jarman, Pressmen's Union, 983 Hornby
street; vice-president, George Mowat, Bookbinders' Union, 515 Dunlevy avenue; secretary, A, H, England, Typographical Union,
567 Hornby  street,  P.  O. Box 66.	
Street and Electric Railway Employees
of America, Pioneer Division No. 101—Meets
in Oddfellows' Hall, Mt. Pleasant, second
and fourth Wednesdays at 8:45 p.m. and
first and third Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President James Fletcher; vice-president, H.
Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V.
Lofting, Box 17S, City Heights P. O. Financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover, 8409
Clark  drive.
Metal Workers' international Alliance.
Local No. 880.—Meets every Thursday 7:30
P.m. at 118 Cordova street west, Room 4.
President. A, J. Crawford; vice-president,
H. Spear; recording and corresponding secretary, Jas. Jainleson, 981 Drake street.
Financial secretary, B. A. Edworthy, 118
Cordova street west. James Mude, treasurer; business agent, J. Peters, Labor HaU.
penters and Jolnera; Vancouver-District—Business agents, J. W. Wilkinson and
J. A. Key; office hours at Labor Hall, 8
to 9 a.m. and 4 to S p.m.: phone Seymour
1380. [   ■■ *"
Tuesdays at 8 p.m. In Labor Hall.
President, Mr. Wright; secretary, H. Carter,
Box 991.
fourth Wednesdays In Orange Hall,
Hastings and Gore avenue at 8. p.m. President, W. Manson; secretary, D. Mitchell.
South  11.11, B.  u
Mondays at 8 p.m. In lodge room.
1S233 Granville street south, at 8 >m, President; J. Tltley; secretary, J. Fowler, 833
Pacific street.
third Thursdays In Room 4, Labor
Hall at 8 p.m. President a. Lambsrton
(Factory Workers); secretary, J. Thompson,   149  Tenth  avenue  east,
Mondays In Orange HaU at 8 p.m.
President Wm. A. West; secretary, A. McLaren. 1033 Richards street;
J ternate Fridays *n Arglcullural Hall,
Central Park at 8 p.m. President, G. Man-
son; secretary, J. Anderson. Jr. Box 883
Central park, B. C,
In South Hill schoolhouse, South Vancouver, every alternate Friday at B
p.m, President, H. Rayner; secretary R,
VY.  Jacfcaon.  South Vancouver,  B.  C.
national Union, No. 1—Meets every
Tuesday, 8 p.m., O'Brien's Hall, corner
Homer and Hastings streets. President.
James Haslntt; vice-president, J. J. Welsh;
corresponding secretary, w. s. Dagnall.
Box 53; financial secretary. F. R, Brown.
Business agent, W, S. Dagnall, 108 Hastings
street  east;   phone  Seymour  B79t).
League, No, 676—Moots 514 Keefor
street, first and third Sundays of each
month at 8:30 p.m. President, Chns. Lehr-
vieo-presldent, II. H- Harrison; decretory
Richard Dalton; treasurer. Wm, Mnttlstiaw
business agent, John A. Frnsor, 514 Keefor
street.    Phone Seymour 6825,
tlonal Association of Machinists-
Meets In Labor Hall second and fourth
Thursdays at 7:16 p.m. President, Robert
Thomson; vice-president, John Hamilton;
recording secretary, John A, Mclver; financial secretary. Jas H, MoVety, 1744 Broadway  west.  PhoneSej^nouj^_1146L.	
Joiners, South Vancouver Union No.
120B—Meets In Staple's Hall, Fraser and
Fiftieth avenues; first and third Tuesdays
of each month, president, E. Hall, Cedar
Cottage; vice-president, 8. Fraser, Fraser
avenue, p. o.; recording secretary, E. H.
Betsey 853 Tenth avenue east; financial
secretary, J. A, Dickenson, South Vancouver P,' O.
Union of America, Local No, 357—
Meets In Labor Hall on the first Tuesday
in each month at 6 p.m. President, Robert
.T. ■Craig; vice-president, D. A. McMillan;
secretary, J. c, Peuaer, Mainland cigar
Factory, 118 Cordova street west; lab*
custodian and treasurer, s. W. Johnson;
delegates to Trades and Labor Council, J.
C.  Peuaer,  Miles  Nugent,  R.  J.  Craig.
Electrical    Workers,    Local  No. 813-=-
Meets every Monday   evening at 0 p.m. In
Labor Hall, 118 Cordova street west.
President, H. B. Durant; vice-president, C,
L, Hardy; recording secretary, R, s. Morris; financial! secretnry secretary, H. Lauder; treasurer, Bam Cawkor; trustee, H. T,
Johnston; foreman, W. P. Carr; first Inspector, D. O. sheppard; second Inspector,
C. W. Teag; business agent, B, L. lfctlll-
lan,  75  Broadway  west. ■^^
- Electrical Workers Local Union No.
681 (Inside Hen)—Meets In Bartenders'
Han, 34 Cordova street west, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President J.
Montgomery; vice-president. F. Duff; recording secretary, J. H. Carney, Empress
Hotel; financial secretary, F. Woods;
Treasurer, W. Jarvls; business agent, F.
America, Vancouver Local No. ISO-
Meets first and third Wednesdays In Labor
Hall at 8:30 p.m. President, a B. Herrltt;
vice-president, .1. W. Green; recording secretary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, 439 Abbott street.
Phone  Seymour 8170.
tloners' International Union of America, Local No. 46.—Meets In Room 4, Labor
Ilnll, every second and fourth Saturday at
7:30 p.m. President, McCurrach; vice-president J. Hendricks; treasurer H. Leaworthy;
secretary and business gs™* ™ •«-*-•-■- —
Phone 1380. Labor Hall.
** America. Vancouver Branch No. 178—
Meetings held on tbe first Friday In each
month at O'Brien's Hall, corner Hastings
and Homer streets, S p.m. President H.
Nordland; vice-president, A Larson: sec*
retary, W. W. Hocken. 1588 Thirteenth
avenue oast, p. O. Bu« 503; financial sec-
retary, L, Wakley, Box 503.
North America, Vancouver Branch—
Meets in Labor. Hall second and fourth
Tuesdays at 8 p.m. President, Fred
Rumble: vice-president, Henry Hague; corresponding secretary, James Rayburn; financial secretary, Wm. Jardlne; treasurer,
P.  Talnsh,
A orators union, Local 138—Meets In
Labor Hill, 118 Cordova street wowt, ovary
Thursday evening. 7:30 o'clock. President,
W. J. Nnglo- vice-president, Johnson Bead-
ley; financial secretary, y, J, Harris, 1238
Pender street west; recording secretary,
Skene Thomson, 523 Twelfth avenue east;
treasurer,' R. C. staples, 658 Hornby street;
conductor, H. H. Whiteside; warden. O.
Powell; business agent. Rod Matheson,
Labor Hall,  phono Seymour 9166,
Local N. 1—Meets 514 Reefer street,
every Tuesday evening, 8 o'clock. President,
T. Burkes; secretary, T. M. Wright, 517
1'aclflo street. Headquarters 514 Keefer
street.     Phone  Seymour   6286.
tlonal Alliance, Local No. 280.—Meets
every Thursday 7:30 p.m. at 112 Cordova
Htroet west. Room 4, President, H. Spear;
vice-president, J. iW. Heath; recording and
correspond! nK secretary, Jas. Jnnvleson. 921
Drake street; financial secretary and business agent. J. Peters, 118 Cordova street
west; conductor, H. Anderson; warden,
Thos.  Edgar. _^
No. 62—Meets first and third Wednesdays of each month, Labor Hall, 8 p.m.
President, ;   secretary,   P.   O.
Hoeukc,  Suite  2.   1202  Woodland  drive.
tcrt and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets every Wednesday evening in Labor
HaU, 118 Cordova street west at 7:30 p,ffl.
Executive committee meets every Tuesday
evening 8 p.m. President, Murdo McKen-
ste; recording secretary, Geo. C. Lesley;
financial secretary. L. H. Rurnham; treasurer,' J, W. Schurman; business agent,
O0O.-W, Williams. Phono Seymour 1380,
Tahnr HalL
* Nn. 226— Meets In Lilmr Hull lasl
Sunday of end, month nt 2:30 p;m. President. W. s. ArmBtrong; vice-president, G.
W, Palmer; sec rotary-treasurer, R, II. Neelands, P.O. Box 66; serffeant-at-arms, C.
Proske; i-radlng clerk. W. H. Ynuhlll; executive commiiiee: pr?sI,!ona, vice-president, secretary-treasurer, w. R Trotter, G,
Hartley. It. Hunt and ],. R Donnliion; dnte-
Knti's to Allied Trades Council, A. H. Bng-
Irtnd, T. Kean nnd II. Neelands; dolcfratoii
to Trades and Labor CoUnoll, R. P. Petit- -
lilf-ro, W. R. Trotter, H, c. Benson, O. W,
!'ii™£r'  w«   S.   Armstrong and  G.   Hartley.
l>any, Ltd.—Directors, Fred A. Hoover,
Chas. Stowe, s. Thompson. Jas, H. McVety, James Brown, Elwni-d Lotlila'i, Jnmes
Campbell, J, w. Wilkinson, R. p. Petti-
piece, John McMIKan and Uunlock Me-
Konslo. Offices; President, Jas, Brown:
vice-president, John McMillan; ■ secretary
and managing director, Jas. II, McVety,
Labor Hall, phono Seymour 13S0, residence
1744 Broadway west, nhnna Bayvlew 114!,;
treasurer, Jaa, Campbell, residence 1901
Fourth avenue west, phone Bavylcw 9B3R,
of America, British Columbia Division,
Canadian Paclflo Svstom, Division No, 1.
Moots 11 n.m. third Sundav In month, at
O'Brien's Hall. Lnrat chnlrmnn. J. F.
Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local secre-
Inry-treamirer, A, T,. Oberg, Box 432, or
1003 Burrard street, Vancouver.'^'
Qur Type & Model System
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garment* are- worn by the best dressed men in Canada, from ocean to ocean
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The Garment Section is Completely
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By this we mean that Spring stocks are now practically
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elsewhere.. This season's aggregation of new model* is
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IN TAILORED SUITS the stock includes a wide range of
models in fine serge, ditgonal suitings, whipcords, double-
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The  most scientific
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The one way for filling or crowning sensitive teeth painlessly
Office Open Evenings Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
SplenJid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Slock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
i 60 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERNto Residence on the land (or al least
two yean; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
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3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
The Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information
''Labor Powewes the Mean* of Its
Own Liberation and 'from No
Other Source Oan Freedom and
Justice Come."
A century has elapsed since Benjamin Franklin said that- "either the
workers must hang together or hang
separately." What a century it has
been. Compared with previous ones
it represents the rush of a mighty torrent in contrast with a slow moving
■current. On the bosom of this stream
we are being borne, onward with increasing momentum every year. Since
Franklin applied his wit so happily to
indicate the alternative fate of the
working class, a lot of hanging has
been done. The forces of capitafhave
learned the secret of hanging together,
for the purpose of more effective and
economical control, of labor and its
output, and a terrible fate of banging
has been experienced by the Working
class through the lack of intelligent
co-operation. ..
Yet this is no time for despairing.
Black as the night may. seem, It Is
the hour before the dawn. There is
an old Jewish proverb which says:
"When the tale of bricks is doubled,
Moses comes." And In spite of the,
increasing army of the constantly unemployed; in spite" of sweatshops,
Taylor system and increased cost of
living, this is the day for optimistic
faith'rather than pessimistic despair.
.On the horizon are plainly visible the
first grey streaks of dawn. We are
learning with somewhat painful slowness, it is true—nevertheless we are
learning to organize ourselves for the
mastery. For the moses of our economic emancipation comes not from
the outside, but from the Inside, We
have all read the ancient fable ot the
driver whose cart sank In the ditch.
After exhausting his powers of encouraging his horses by coaxing and whipping without success, he appealed to
Jupiter to come to. his aid. Jupiter's
reply was, "Put your own shoulder to
the wheel." . -
Labor possesses the means of its
own salvation and from no other
^source can freedom and justice come.
And this "consummation devoutly to be
wished" can only be effected by well
organized effort on the part of the
great mass of the working class. The
labor movement today stands seri.-
ously in need of a general awakening
of interest among what is generally
termed the rank and file. The democracy that contents itself with mere
membership and dues-paying, Ib a
bastard form of democracy. Too much
power and responsibility is being
shouldered upon the few. No man
or woman has decently begun to do
his or her duty in this movement by
being nothing more than a member
in good standing. That is the very
least that can be done and is not sufficient to ensure success. "Put not
your trust In leaders" for "like people,
like priests." A few veaTs ago a delegation from the Winnipeg Trades
and Labor Council waited upon the
City Council to present a demand, and
ill the course of his remarks the then
president warned the city fathers that
he had over 8000 organized workers
behind him. So he had. They were
so far behind that the City Council
could afford to smile at him and ignore
his demand. During the last Dominion election campaign an emissary of
the Liberal Party offered me a thousand dollars if I would withdraw as
candidate. On refusing, he asked why
I "wasted my money and strength
upon a bunch of d—-<1 fools, who
had not the sense to see their own interests."
We have inherited the doctrine and
instincts of slavery. We drank them
in at our mothers' breasts, and the
task before us is one of herculean proportions. The two things essential
are: First, the Intelligent under,
standing ot the cause and means of
oppression, and the remedy for the
same. 'And secondly, the organization of ourselves for the purpose of
applying the remedy. With the space
at my disposal I have no opportunity
of opening out in detail. But I wish
to extend my congratulations to' the
workers of British Columbia for the
share they are contributing toward
tihe accomplishment of these tasks.
The new Labor Temple—a home for
working class organizations—and a
paper with the highly significant name
of "Fedcrationist"—a potent means
of education—ought to prove a fount
of inspiration to all. British Columbia has blazed the trail in many things
affecting labor in this country, and I
confidently anticipate that the Labor
Temple and "The Federatlonist" will
mean more power to the arm of labor.
I ought to say "arms." For the day
of lopsided development is over. ' Industrially and politically our federating must be done. And as I opened
with Franklin, I will close with Marx:
"Workers of the World, Unite. You
have nothing to lose but your chains,
and you have a world to gain."
OUppinpi by a Native of
Tanktown, or Parings from
the Potato' Dispatch,
Between Ourselves
Padmore's Big Cigar Store, 642 Granville Street
Macdonald, Marpole Company, Ltd.
H. Kempster, Revelstoke— "Enclose
$7  for subs,  to  The Federatlonist.
• * • Will forward a few more
In a day or two. • • • Hoping you
are still out of Jail, and with best
wishe*.  •  •  •"
The only way subscribers to The Federatlonist can get addresses changed
or properly kick about not receiving
the paper Is to notify the managor,
who Is not a mind.reader, but always
anxious to put matters right.
A little sub. now and then Is relished
by the best of 'em.
Unions not having subscribed for
their membership In a body at 50 cents
a year, mailed to each Individual mem-
ber's address, should place the question on the "order paper" for next
"• * * Accept my congratulations
on the spirit and quality ot the B. C,
Federatlonist. To use the stereotyped
and frequently humbug phrase, but in
this case entirely merited, It supplies
a longfelt want and Is deserving of
the very best support possible that
can be given to It by organised labor.
• •   •."—H.   A.   Rlgg,   Winnipeg,
Local No. 94 of the Upholsterers'
International Union has affiliated with
the B. C. Federation of Labor, and, In
cldentally, subscribes In a body to The
Federatlonist. Secretary V. Zelllnsky
Is a good rustler and worthy of the
confidence Imposed In him by the mem-
Ten yearly subs, cards mailed to any
unionist for 17.60.
Individuality can floulsh
free common life; the ecoi
of life must be secured. A
never bloom till Its root*
Humanity Is a flower, the
the blossom; this blossom
till the bread-and-butter question la
settled.—Wentworth. t
Ubique, city—Yes, quite right three;
the .resuscitation of the Liberal party
looks to us like applying a galvanic
battery to a corpse.
F. W. W., Alaska—Six day* were
occupied In making haven and earth;
but the Vancouver courthouse, Burns
building and Labor Temple-are still
J, W. W., city—After witnessing the
battel for the championship of Labor
hall we have an opinion that "Jack"
Johnson should resume actle tralnlg
right away. The Vancouer "white
houe" showed excellent headwork In
a work-out with his Trainer,  .
Old saying revised: Early to bed,
early to rite: make* a man healthy,
wealthy (for the boss), and tbe father
of a large family.
Child Labor,
No fledgling teed* tho father bird,
No chicken feed*.the hen;
No kitten mouses for the cat—
Thl* glory I* tor men.
We are the wisest, strongest race-
Loud may our praise be sung:
The only animal alive that lives upon
It young!
—Charlotte P. Oilman.
Labor produce* all wealth; and gets
very Uttle of it.
If Mare Findlaykoffsky, Wllllamson-
ovltch and Leekinskl are looking for
recruits for the police force why not
examine the halfbacks of the Thistle
Football club? They are ill there
with the rough (tuff.
Bakers' Union, olty—The Shops
Regulation Act has been amended and
the Trades and Labor Council will In
all probability have the subterranean
bakeries removed nearer the daylight.
Of course It was Impossible for the
attorney general to have the act
amended so as to make It effective all
In one year; he Is a member of the
lawyers' union and like all unions it
can only exist by providing work for
Its members—hence the delay.
The Bplder's Webb across the door
of the Victoria Building Trades council got swept away in the house clean-
cleaning stunt that was carried On
about two weeks ago. It is up to the
council to appoint a real. business
agent and give the unions some return
for their twenty-five cents per capita.
The textile workers of Lawrence,
Mass., are being civilized by the same
methods that will be used to Christianize the Chinese.
The mine operators in the Old Country have now every possible chance
to run "their" business In "their" own
way, but they don't seem to like It,
or the proflt-maklg would be continued. Have they got wise to the
fact that without the help of the
miners they have no business?
W. W- W. M. P., city-We are Informed that the provincial elections
will he held on March 28. If the
amount of working-class legislation enacted during the session is taken note
of by the workers it will be April the
First for the McBride government.
Civic Committee, Chinese Relief
Committee, city—If every man, woman and child In Greater Vancouver
were starving and $3 would save a
whole family from death, what would
we do? .Well, this Is what we would
do: We would sell our biscuit factory
and give each of the families $3. If
that was Insufficient to stay the pangs
of hunger we would sell all our shares
in the Dominion Trust Company and
hand each family $o. If that was not
enough we would then go to tbe city
council and say: Don't rive Dr. Underbill that raise of {1,000; give ?3 to
each family that Is starving. We
would also say to the city council:
Don't give a raise of $800 to each
alderman or a raise to any ot the
salaried employees of the council:
give that money to the starving families. We would then journey to Victoria and Interview the McBrlde-Bow-
ser combination. We would say to
them, don't give the Salvation Army
$20,000; don't give every little jerkwater i af lroad umpty-ump million acres
of land; don't allow your agent-general In London, England, to donate
public money to the anti-Socialist campaign. Gather that money or money's
worth together and give It to the
starving families. That Is what we
would do. Don't you think that would
be the best way to assist the starving
families? Unfortunately for the starving families we don't own a biscuit
factory, nor yet shares In the Dominion Trust Company; nor have we
sufficient influence with the provincial
government or the city council to persuade them to carry out these suggestions; and, last, of all, we have not
got. $3 to give to any one. If we had
we would pay part of a $25 board bill
that Is overdue. And In conclusion.
If such a contingency did arise that
we had $3 that we did not know how
to use to the best possible advantage
we would consult our friends, and I
know one of them would say: Send
your |3 to the civic committee and
advise them to spend the money in
buying a brain massage or a brain exorcise?.
Among the Typos.
Vancouver Typographical Union has
voted to accept a compromise agreement with the Daily Province and the
morning New-Advertiser, providing for
an Increase of wages from $2!), day,
and $31 night, seven and one-half hours,
to $30 and $33; pr what has become
known as the Dally World scale. The
World, however, provides for a seven-
hour day at the end of an agreement
which has still two years to run. The
new agreement applies only to the
news men, and is for three years, dating back to January 1,1912, with back
pay. The Vancouver job scale Is open
again In June, and a wage of $5 for
eight hours will be asked for by the
job men. The typos also voted ten
cents per member to the Krucz vs. C.
N. P. Coal Company case fund, now
before the privy council In England,
to determine whether "dependents"
who are non-residents of the Province shall be entitled to compensation
In esse of the death ot a bread-winner. The membership of No. 226 Is
now nearlng the 300 mark. Trade
conditions are slack on the Job side,
only fair on the ad side, but one or
two subs on the machine side could
catch a place.
last meeting of Seattle Typo-
cal Unlbn adopted a resolution
ig five days a week's work. A
dum vote was called for and
(position was endorsed by a
165 for to 95 against, This law
Is ib effect for thirty days from February 11th,
Correspondent in Smelter Centre
Touch** Up Gout Worker* on
Their Boasted Freedom.
Greenwood, B. C, March 1.—We are
wondering here, in this fair Boundary
district of B. C. how strong the Over
Seas Club is, in Vancouver. It ought
at least to be 100,000, seeing that its
creed is "Believing; the British Empire
to stand for justice, freedom, order
and good government, we pledge ourselves, as citizens of the greatest empire in the world, to maintain the heritage handed down to us by our fathers."
We are of the opinion that these
truths ought to appeal very strongly
to you folk* at the Coast. What! You
do not think so? My dear sir, have
they not, quite recently, been demonstrated down there, i
Take! the Unemployed Parades: You
were fre* to keep away from these
free speech demonstrations, the mayor
was fre* with his suppressive methods,
the police were fre* with their batons,
and Th* Province, most impartial and
reliable of newspapers, was very free
with its commendation of this very
general freedom. All of which is very
cautiful and unquestionably illustrates the JUSTICE AND GOOD
ORDER for which our Empire
And then, our heritage: Handed
down to us by our fathers. .You bet;
we boys up here would just die for it;
some of us, in fact, many, have done
so. It I* our precious heritage that
allows us to tramp all over the earth,
seeking in woods, mine and mill, a
beneficent master, who wilt permit us
to work. It is our heritage to work
until we are worn out, and then, with
thankful hearts, pass to the poorhouse,
thanking an all wise Creator that we
were born British; greatest of all, It
is our heritage to elect OUR MEN
to the parliaments of our various nations, after they have been- "carefully
selected" by our benevolent bosses, so
that they may safeguard our welfare
by perpetuating these very desirable
Therefore ye Vancouverites, proud
of your mayor and proudest of your
premier, shew us, we pray tlicc, thine
own imperial spirit; often perchance
by an Imperial pint, and boost for the
Over Seas Club, and the continuation of Britain's JUSTICE, FREEDOM ANtJ GOOD ORDER.
. The two main elements in the American labor movement are the political socialists on the one hand, who
who believes in capturing the capitalist state, and then transforming industry into the collective ownership by
all the people; and, on the other hand
are the non-voting industrialists, believing it possible to capture and operate industry through the direct action
of the industrial union.
The true position undoubtedly is
between these two, extremes. When
this position is recognized it will form
the basis of a more united labor movement. It is of no use saving that the
union is merely a transitory institution; the union is bound to play its
part in building up the commonwealth
of labor. Of course, it is only when
the union recognizes the principle of
the class struggle, that is it really "a
part of the labor movement.
We should look upon our' economic
organizations as a means of carrying
on industry, for the public use, instead
of for private profit, after the capitalist state is broken down; we should
by all means make use of our franchise as a powerful weapon for propaganda, as well as using it to curtail the
power of organized capital.
As a beneficial factor to the wage
workers of this province, the B. C.
Federation of Labor, of which our
delegates to its recent convention re-
Eorted so favorably, must, and will
e, in a great measure, judged by the
manner in which it seeks to unite all
the workers on the basis of the class
A working class must place its interests above any craft or industry;
above the miners, above the plumbers,
above the joiners, above them all.
How far arc the craft unions prepared to go in this respect? Surely
far enough to accept the card of any
of the affiliated unions. It may seem
unjust to those unions with a twenty-
five or fifty-dollar initiation fee to accept the cards of unions that only
charge 15.00, such as the Western Federation of Milters, a body whose very
name is synonomous of sturdy revolt
against oppression; but any union that
will stop at such easily disposed of
obstacles, cannot form a consistent
part of a working class organization.
Wc should endeavor to attain a universal maximum initiation fee, and $5
is, in our opinion, sufficiently high.
It seems to us that the prohibitive
fee charged by some craft organizations, is inimical to the objects for
which labor unions are ostensibly
created, and it is, in our humble opinion, a most glaring example of the
tyranny of labor, to-which our many
and varied detractors so glibly advert.
In Rosslnnd, B. 0„ the civic minimum wage Is fixed lit $3.60 per eight-
hour day; In Spokane, Wash., $3; In
Nelson, n. C, $3.20; In Prince Rupert,
H. C, $3.20; in Lnilysmlth, II. C, $3:
In letoria, II. C, $3-all with an eight-
hour day. But In Vancouver, though
nearly all the aldermen and the mayor-
elect were pledged to a minimum wage
for civic employees of $3, the Board
of Works, In conjunction with the city
engineer, seem determined to stick to
the $2.80 minimum wage, contenting
themselves with ralBing the "salaries"
of officials and aldermen In and about
tho city hall.
New Westminster Trades and Lnbor
Council has just succeeded In having
She Royal City council adopt a minimum wage of $3 for an eight-hour day
ror civic laborers.
South Vancouver municipality is considering the adoption of a minimum
wage ot $3 per eight-hour day for Its
laborers, with gooil prospects for the
The New Westminster Labor Temple;
Company, Ltd., has been Incorporated
A site with * temporary building has
been purchased and $4,000 has been
raised towards the erection of a $10,000
labor temple,
Southern Keotenay Socialists.
Says the Nelson Dally News: There
was a large attendance at tho Socialist convention held In Miners' Union
hall last night. The chair was taken
by A. W. Munro. As a result or balloting A. W. Harrod was nominated
to contest the Nelson riding In the
coming election. R. P. Pettlplece was
nominated by acclamation to contest
the Ymlr riding. A joint meeting will
be held tonight In the Miners' Union
hall at 8 o'clock to arrange campaign
Button, Button, Who'sfiof
If yon mean the blue button, it i* any Uak*
Bartender.   Demand the BLUE BPTBOH
when being served by * bartender.     ■, v I
Bartenders' International Leaguei $76
Do not bfoatayg|p<,
no matter what it* name, unlit* it
plain and readable mn>r**ssso*f tu
...  AllstoMwttawttbtUalwSAsapiN
alwaya Non-Union. i;
M6 Summer Street, Boston. Has*.
John F. Tobln, Pro. Co**. L. Brit*. MtvTiaa*.
Get Your Money's Wortfc
Many dealer* will try to induce you to take eome other brand
Why ?    For larger profit* sake.       Don't let them fool; you,
P*taoaizei a B* sboaU aot aaly
irVst upon heist •*»**) fcy • Uaioa
Miiolo*ists, but
umou MAPElt.l
The Keg* Bear the Label
" Boom all Union Labels"
Don't You
Want to
Do That ?
—should receive the support of trade* unionist*
above all labels. Every time it is used it toeana
a boom for all labels and unionism. •} Union
newspapers are more favorable to organised labor
than non-union sheets, fj That's support you
want when in trouble. ej By demanding their
label you not only help printers, but advance
labor's cause, and that HELPS HUMANITY.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
If easy running, fast cutting; and an absolute guarantee count for anything in a hand taw, then every mechanic should use this Simondi S*w.
It ii certainly much different from other nw*. Let us tell you why,
or better yet, let the Simondi tell its own story.
111 Hasting* It. W.
Phone Seymour 204
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited t>AGE FOtil
m mm#M\mii mm^tmm
.iiAfieai, an
New Store
Invites you to visit
the store to look
as well as to buy
!'<   Honey  Saving  Pfices
Everything to Eat
Money . Saving   Prices
,,;.   aH|llssssssssssss«ssssss,BBBBBBBa^
Cor. Pender and Cambie Sts.
Phone Exchange Soy. 5808
The high cost of living is re-
duotd to the minimum if you
buy your groceries from
.Cor. Burns and Broadway E.
Free Delivery    Phone Pair. 420
The Chefs Lunch
Was. Ball. Prop.
Fte4 Petty
LIAS moved from
"835 Pender St
to 518 Hornby St.
* few doors from
Pender. Before you
order * suit come in
and look over our
Hock. Use unlabel
p. t. Kingsley
>»,, '!The shop, where pro-..
*'" gres'sive thought is
merged with the
of these books selling
Ingersoll's 24 Lectures - . .51)
Dr. Brown'* True Marriage
Guide': -..-..- - .50
Tbe Ese»p*d Nun, Miry
Moult     -      -      -     .60
The People's Bookstore
IK Cordov* W.
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Casting! and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
British Columbia Federation of Labor
Pksa* ■armour 4410 420 Hastings W.
Office of Secretary ■Treasurer, Post Office Box  1195, Vancouver, B. C
Much), 1912
Punuant lo the Constitution and the instructions of the Isst convention I
herewith submit the amended Constitution and By-laws of the Federation to *
referendum of the entire membership.
You will please notify me at once of the action taken by your organization, and if any particular clause is objected to by your'members, you will state
in your reply the Article and Section objected to' and the votes for and against.
In case no reply is received by May I, 1912, it will be understood that
your organization approves of the entire Constitution and By-laws.
Yours fraternally,
 VICTOR R MIDGLEY, Sec-Treisurer.
Constitution and By-Laws
The British Columbia Federation of Labor is organized for the purpose
of voicing the heeds and aspirations of labor, legislatively and otherwise,
and to provide a place for worthy members of its affiliated unions to participate in the discussion of those practical problems, upon the solution of
which depends their welfare as workers, individually and collectively.
With the introduction of the modern machinery of production and the
harnessing of the forces of nature, it is only fitting that the wealth producers should participate in the benefits derived.
We, therefore, pledge ourselves to unceasingly demand a universal
workday of eight hours or less; so long as labor power is sold as a commodity.
We believe there is more efficacy in electing working-class representatives to write the law than by supplicatory methods, and our efforts will be
more in that direction in the future.
We are firmly convinced that the future belongs to the only useful
people in human society—the working-class.
The delegate members hereof do constitute and adopt the following
rules for the government of this Federation:— ,
Article I/—Name.
Section 1. This body shall be known as "The British Columbia Federation of; Labor."
How Composed,
Section 8. Any Trades or Federal Labor Union or any Central Body,
District Board, Building Trades Council, Allied Trades Council and similar
bodies existing in the Province of British Columbia shall be entitled to
mVmbership in the Federation upon the approval of the Executive Board.
Sec. 3. Each organization affiliated "with the Federation shall be entitled to representation on the following basis:—
Each labor union shall be entitled to two delegates for the first hundred members or less, and one delegate for each additional hundred
members or major fraction thereof.
Central Labor Bodies, District Boards, Building Trades Councils,
Allied Councils and similar bodies shall be entitled to two delegates each.
Delegates from Central Bodies must be members of Unions iffiUstsd with
the Federation.
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegate's shall receive their credentials from their local unions in
duplicate and send one copy to the Secretary of the Federation at least two
weeks previous to (he date of the Convention and deliver the other to the
Committee on Credentials.
No credential shall be considered valid bearing more than name of
delegate and alternate. Provided that if alternate presents credentials and
is seated he shall be the only recognized representative throughout the
sessions of the Convention.
Article II.
Sec. 1. Any Union or Central Body that has not been previously affiliated may become affiliated by paying six months' dues for the term they
make application. >
Section 2, Any organization not paying its per capita tax on or before
the fifteenth day of the second month of each term shall be notified of the
fact by the Secretary. In case of no response notice shall be sent to the
nearest officer of the Federation or to the Central Body In that locality.
If, at the end of six months, it is still in arrears it shall be suspended from
membership if valid reasons are not shown why the dues have not been
paid; the Executive Board to be the judge.
Section 3. Any Central Body or Union that becomes suspended from
membership for non-payment of per capita tax may be reinstated by payment of arrears not to exceed one year.
Article HI.
This organization shall meet in annual convention in the City of Victoria.' The time of the meeting to be decided by the Executive.        *
Article IV—Delegates
The Secretary shall prepare a preliminary list of delegates where rio
contest is filed from duplicates in his possession, and such delegates so
returned shall have power to transact business until the report of the Credentials Committee is received and adopted.
Article V.—Presiding Officer
At the opening of the Convention the President of the Federation shall
take the chair and preside at the sessions of the convention.
Article VI—Committee*
The following committees, to consist of not less than five members,
shall be appointed by the Executive Board: "Credentials," "Constitution.
Rules and Order of Business," ".Officer*'. Reports," "Resolutions," "Audit
and Grievances" and "Wavs and Means."
Article VII—Officers—Term—How Elected
The officers of this Federation shall consist of a President, Seven Vice-
Presidents, and Secretary-Treasurer.   These officers shall constitute  the
Executive and Legislative Committee.   The term of the officers of this
organization shall be for one year, or until their successors are installed In
office, and their duties shall begin on the day of election—elections to be
"held at each annual convention.   Any amendment to this article shall not
be subject to a referendum of the membership at large.
Article VIII—Books md Accounts
All books and financial accounts shall at all times be open to the inspection of the President and Executive Committee.
. Article IX—Ex-Officer*
Section 1. It shall be the duty of the President to preside at all
general conventions; to exercise supervision in the Federation throughout
its jurisdiction; to sign all official documents; to travel with the consent of
the Executive Board whenever required in the interests of the Federation:
to submit to the Secretary at the end of each month an itemized account
of all moneys, travelling and incidental, expended by him in,the interests
of the Federation; and he shall report his acts and doings to the Annual
Convention. The President, if not a delegate, shall have a casting vote in
case of a tie, but shall not vote at other times. He shall receive for his
services 15 per day for the time actually devoted to the Federation, and his
actual expenses while so employed.
In case of his office becoming vacant the Executive shall elect one of
its members as his successor. He shall be chairman of all the meetings
of the.Executive and Legislative Committee, having power to convene in
special session in case of emergency, or when requested to do so on a
written request of a majority of Its members. He shall have a voice in the
deliberations of the Committee but no vote except in case of a tie.
Article X.—Duties of Officers—President
The President and Secretary-Treasurer shall be members of the succeeding convention in case they are not delegates, but. without vote, and
shall not be eligible for re-election unless they are delegates, and if such
officers are not delegates their expenses to convention shall be bourne by
this Federation.
Section a. The Secretary-Treasurer shall keep a correct record of the
proceedings of the Convention and on its closing prepare and have printed
a report which shall contain a record of the business transacted. He shall
collect and receive all moneys due and payable to the Federation, giving
his official receipt for same, and depositing all moneys in some chartered
bank in the name of the British Columbia Federation of Labor. He shall
arrange with the bank to have a certified statement of the Federation's
account forwarded to the President at intervals not exceeding one month.
He shall prepare and submit an annual report showing receipts and ex-
It is a good thing to know where you can buy a good Umbrella,,
and where your idea* as to price and quality can readily be satisfied. You probably know of our SPECIAL UMBRELLA AT
$1.00, good top and trustworthy frame and a variety of handles.
T. B. Cuthbertson & Co., Limited
346 Hastings W.
619 Hastings W.
MO Qrsnvlll.
Cushion Sole and Extra Dry
Shod $8.50, $8.00
Men'* Velour Calf and Gun Metal Bluchers, new styles, high toe* — $4.60, $6
Opp. City Hall Repairing
Evolution of Cigar-
makers' Union Label
MAttutiit AWeiMiiN*f m rMmc nut, uatiAMtMutaitriMu IfiO 90
Cigar makers' Association of the Pacific Coast.
44 UniQH Ciisir,
ST. LOUIS. M0.     ^S^^f.eM
penses and deliver his books, accounts, receipts, etc., to the Committee on
Audit at each Annual Convention..
He shall, together with the President, sign all cheques authorized by
the Executive; and conduct the correspondence pertaining to his office. He
shall be the custodian of the documents and other property of the Federation. He shall notify all affiliated bodies not less than thirty days before
date of Annual Convention. He shall, upon vacating his office, deliver to
the Federation all moneys, books, papers or other property in his possession
and belonging to the Federation. He shall receive for his services such
remuneration as the Annual Convention may decide upon.
Article XI—Legislative Committee     v
It shall be the duty of the Executive and the Legislative Committee
to act for this Federation when the same is not in session. And that so far
as its means will permit, it shall discharge the following duties: It shall
put into proper form all unfinished bills approved by the Federation and
procure discussion of all bills before various labor organizations of the
Province. It shall see that all legislative measures and resolutions approved
by the Provincial Federation are presented to each political Provincial
Convention, held within the Province, for approval or disapproval of •such
Convention. And the action of such Convention shall be reported to the
Unions of the Province. The Committee shall also cause to be presented
to each nominee of each party, who, upon election, would have a vote upon
the passage of any of the bills approved by the Federation. The bills shall
also be presented to the nominees of the different political parties for their
approval or disapproval. The approval to be simfied in every case by a
promise, clear and explicit, in writing, to support the bills as presented by
the nominees.
Article XII.—Revenue.
The revenue of the Federation shall be derived .as follows; A per capita
tax of two cents per member per month from all local Unions; from Central
Bodies, District Boards, Building Trades Councils, Allied Trades Councils
and similar-bodies, One Dollar per month. All moneys shall be payable in
advance to the Secretary of the Federation in two half-yearly instalments
due and payable in June and December of each year. '
Article XIII.—Remuneration.
The remuneration for loss of time by members of the Executive Committee, or speakers engaged by them, shall be (5 per day and actual expenses.
Article XIV—Rule*
The Executive Committee shall have power to make rules to govern all
matters hot.'in conflict with this Constitution, and a majority shall constitute
suspend any officer or member ot the Committee (or good cause shown,
Provided, they first shall give such officer or member due and proper notice
and hearing, and they shall, by resolution, provide the manner of such
hearing. The Committee shall, Immediately after any auch suspension,
report to the various local Unions affiliated with the Federation all the
proceedings had In-such hearing, and shall submit to such locals tor a referendum vote: the question whether the action of the Committee shall be
sustained or not. It the vote sustains their action, then the Executive Committee shall declare the suspended officer's or member's seat vacant If
said vote falls to sustain their action, then the officer or member shall be
entitled to 'his 'seat. ' In case of vacancy on the Committee by resignation,
death or otherwise, the vacancy shall be filled by a majority vote of said
Commlttee.and the member so appointed shall hold hi* seat as provided by
the Constitution,
a quorum. ■    '' •
Article XV.—Petition and Referendum
The Executive Committee shall be required when petitioned by at least
seven Unions, to submit to a referendum vote any propesition dealing with
the affairs of the Provincial Federation.
Article XVI.—Quorum.
A Convention quorum shall consist of fifty per cent, of the accredited
-Article XVII.
The Executive Committee shall have the power, by a majority vote, to
entitled to his seat.' In case of vacancy on the Committee by resignation,
death or otherwise, the vacancy shall be filled by a majority vote of said
Committee, and the member so appointed shall hold his scat as provided
by the Constitution.
All resignations shall be handed to the Secretary,- who shall notify the
President of same, and in case of death the local to which the deceased
officer belongs shall notify the President of same. The President, upon
receiving notice of the death or resignation of a member of the Executive
Committee, shall appoint a member to fill such vacancy, subject to the
approval of the Executive Committee.
Article XVIII—Rules of Order
Roberts' Rules of Order shall be the authority of this organization
unless otherwise provided for in this Constitution and By-Laws.
Article XIX.—Amendment*.
Amendments to the Constitution shall be first acted upon by the
Federation in Convention Assembled. All amendments adopted by the
Convention unless otherwise provided for shall within thirty, days be referred to the' membership at large, and a majority of those voting shall be
necessary to adoption, the returns to be in the hands of the Secretary within
sixty days subsequent to adjournment of the Convention. All amendments
adopted shall take, effect from date.
Order of Business
1.   Call to Order.'
8V Committee on Credentials.
3. Roll Call.
4. Appointment of Committees.
6. Communications.
0.   Reports of Officers.
7. Introduction of Resolutions.   .
8. Reports of Committees..
9. Unfinished Business.
10. Election of Officers.
11. Place of Next Convention.
12. New Business and Good and Welfare.
Hardy Bay
Farm Lands and Building Lots'
to supply the world from their mills, mines and factories;, the captains
of Industry all over the world have spent millions to help wake up the
Orient; the samt men Indirectly caused the building or the Panama
Canal to handle the slow freight and resources of the Orient for the
markets of Europe.
The same captains of Industry are to make Hardy Bay the terminal
for all the passenger service, mall and font frelg.it, are now spending fortunes on preliminary work In the district.
JAPAN ON THE PAIF1C COAST, which will connect the three great
trunk railroads with the Oriental and Alaskan fleet
tamt *nuza»
   ,.i «»» Off TKM
PACIFIC TO THE ORIENT. Mammoth coal and Iron deposits have
Men discovered near the harbor. Well-known financiers are contemplating building one .of the largest Steel plants In the world. They also
Intend to build a Pulp Mill that wll be second to none on the continent.
Hardy Bay wll also capture the Alaskan trade, and la the only natural
gateway of the Pacific Coast—and Is denned to become the Metropolis
of the North.
40-Acre Farms       City Building Lots
•  omvsb noo» raioii ajto munr nun,
Western Farming and Colonization
ransnraam naming, un ammoa *jrt> :
OA* M OTOTD W1^*BBT jar al JM£bM>.
tsTO) a wvia DAT'* Trim ovaa abt otbi*
Office: 3 Winch
ancouver, B. C.
Vancouver Agents for Standard Fashion Pattemt
10c and ISc
A Complete Range of
Women's House Dresses
[MADE in neat style* from percales, zephyrs and other fashionable wash fabrics. Garments are made with Dutch neck,
three-quarter length sleeves; skirt* show front and back panels;
colore inolude navy, grey and fancy checked and striped patterns
Prices range from $1.95, 2.85, 2.50, 2.75, 3.00, 3.26, 3.50 to 6.75.
Apparel for Women, ffllua' arid Children
Houte Furnbhingi, etc.
Between Abbott and Carroll
"Best Throe Dollar Hat on Earth"
417 Granville Street, Phono 3822
Building Hardware, General Hardware, Tools for
the Carpenter, Cement-worker, Plasterer, Machinist
Brioklayer, and all the other trades. Lawn Mowers,
RakeB, Spades, Hose and the- other requisites to
make your home look neat and tidy.
McTaggart & Moscrop
7 Hsitlnp
St W.
If all Union Men in
Vancouver were to demand union-mode bread and see that the
LABEL is on every loaf, we should be able to double our staff in
a week. Union men don't be misled by bread made by unfair
labor in unfair shops. Demand the loaf with- the label and made
by skilled workmen, as mado and supplied by the
733 Keefer Street Phone Sey. 3323
The Most Wonderful Range in
The World
You'll think so, if you take
time to look it over. You'll
know it after you have hod
one in your kitchen for a
few weeks
You'll find this Peer of all
Ranges at the store of
W. R. Owen
2337 Main Street
Phone Fairmont 447
W*> Handle
Overalls, Hats
Gloves, Pants
See Our Special Workingmen's Special
Suite from $15 to $25
43, 47, 49 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B.C.
Port Mann
I have for sale business and residential property in the official town-
site and acreage immediately adjoining. Full information, official
maps, etc., sent upon request
6 Winch Bldg. Vancouver, B.C.


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