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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 20, 1912

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Array PAID ilfttfiftttN, LA8f iisue:  IM
Fourth Year, No. 58.
$1.00 A YEAR
Our lut two meetings have not been
so exciting as of yore and a number
ot the delegate! aeem to have an attack of ennui, but we hope It won't
last long, ai tbere 11 too much at
stake tor the unions to permit their
delegates to attend the meetings when,
ever they feel like It It delegates
don't want to attend they should say
so, and the unions elect others to tske
tbelr place.
From Information received we learn
that the Kelsey Furnace Company of
Syracuse, N. Y„ Is employing nonunion sheet metal workers and molders In the making ot their furnaces,
and all our members are hereby advised to take notice of thl! fict and
govern themaelvei accordingly.
The Button Workers ire now being
civilised by the powers that be (who
ever they are) In Muscatine, Iowa, and
their strike for "more" and better
sanitary conditions In the workshop!
lias been continued all winter. They
wrote us asking for financial assist,
once and their request wai referred to
the affiliated unions.
All the unions reported trade fairly
good, with the exception of the Shingle™ and TUelayers, who reported trade
very bad and a large number ot their
members Idle.
The Cement Workers reported that
they were holding a real smoker In
O'Brien's Hall on Friday evening,
April 19th.
The Stonecutters have not sent any
delegates to the Counoll for some time
and It looks as If they are content to
remain Union Stonecutters, However,
they will come to us when they need
our help.
A delegation from the Free Speech
Committee was admitted And asked
for financial assistance to help In the
defense of the men who were arrested
in January and we agreed to donate
the sum ot $10.
The Building -Trades Department
wrote, advising that copies of the revised constitution were now ready for
A dally piper malldouily says:
"Our recollection ot previoui
strikes Is that considerable 'educational work' uiually goes with a
strike of the railroad men."
The brutality of the authorities, both
Canadian and American, as exempli
fled In Vancouver recently, and at the
present time In San Diego, In their
treatment of the workers who have
the temerity to voice their protest
against the conditions they are enduring, Is producing a state of mind in
the workers Immediately concerned
(and In a less degree among those at
a distance), that will make the coming revolution as complete and sweeping ns the French revolution. The
longer they use such tactics, the more
fitted will the workers be, animated
as they will be by the spirit of revenge
for cruelties suffered, to see it through
to the bitter end, and never eease
until the last veBtlge of power Is
stripped trom the hands ot the most
brutal ruling class that ever robbed a
slave class. J: H. B.
If you have not received a copy of
the proceedings of the second convention ot the B. C. Federation of Labor,
drop a card to the secretary-treasurer,
V. R. Mldgley, Box 1007, Victoria, B. C.
No unionist In British Columbia should
neglect to read this 100-page booklet.
Yes, there is much educational work
resulting trom every strike.
The workers are educated to the
fact that the powers of municipal,
provincial and federal governments
are used against them.
They are educated to the fact that
such papers as The Province are
against them.
They are educated to the fiot that
only by their own united strength can
workingmen gain that to which they
are entitled, whether It be on the
political field or on the economic field.
They are educated to know the
clever, malicious, Insinuating, deceptive ways In which capitalist newspapers twist and distort facts In order
to create prejudice against the strlk
On the other hand, the big business
Interests are educated to the fact that
In the united working class they are
confronted with a power to which they
must make concessions.
They will be educated during the
railroad construction workers' strike,
They will be shown that the working
men will not be divided by the in.
faiences of their opponents, that they
will stand together and Insist to the
last ditch upon their rights.
This Is not the kind of educational
work that The Province would have
the public believe accompanies a
strike, It would Insinuate that the
strikers ars predisposed to violence.
It would like to prepare the way for
civil war; Jail sentences for agitators;
huge profits for the bosses—and overalls and- corned beef for those who
build the railways.
Secretary Pipes of the Central Labor Body parliamentary committee
wishes to Impress upon members the
Importance of better attendance. The
committee meets the Friday previous
to Council nights, first and third Thursdays. Members, too, are requested to
give their addresses to the secretary.
All vacancies will be filled and an effort made to give Chairman O. W. Palmer the support he deserves.
Lay on Macduff.
A few years ago the Anaconda Cop-
per Co. boasted that they had stamped
out the socialist movement in Butte
and vicinity, tor all time. Now comes
word that the corpse has revived and
walked on with the mayoralty and
the rest of the city offices. When the
truBt recovered from their astonishment, they fired 400 active socialists,
and both sides are now stripped tor
a fight.
Well-Picked Juries.
A man named Albert Parrlsh was
recently killed In Vancouver, the stage
on which he was working having collapsed. At the inquest the evidence
showed that It hnd been constructed
to carry a weight of 000 lbs., but there
had been placed on it In addition,
twelve bags of sand, nine iron plates,
and a wagon load of bricks, as well
as other material. Verdict: "Accidental death."
The executive committee of
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council has opened a Defense
Fund, the proceeds of which will
be devoted to the payment of
legal fees in connection with
the trial vof unionists upon the
charge of "unlawful assembly,"
Including Secretary Pettipiece.
A few contributions have already been received. When the
fund is closed a list of the contributors will be published.
Victoria Sheet Metal Workers
voted S25.00.
Send remittances to Jas.
Campbell, treasurer Trades and
Labor Council, 1994 Fourth Ave.
West, Vancouver.
The vegetarian locleties of America
have adopted many attractive means
of propaganda for their belief!. Much
Ingenuity and scientific skill have been
expended in devising an Infinite variety of edible dishes which would contain no animal matter, but It would
seem that they have neglected the
possibilities of Chicago aa a means of
obtaining converts,
Paoktngtown Is a smell more than a
place, and it a mm still remains a
meat-eater after spending half a day
witnessing the sights and miffing the
itlnki of thlt malodoroui mburb, then
It li absolutely useless attempting to
convert him by my other method. The
first thing the vegetarian society
should do with would-be converts Is
to take them round Packlngtown for
a day, then it they still show my In-
clinatlon to flirt with the Juicy "porterhouse," Just drop them right there
for they are past redemption.
Outside the packing houses proper
are many acres of pens built on the
ground. The sides of these pens are
made of strong planks with spaces In
between through which the animals
can be seen. The top is open In most
cases so that the rain and sun alternately soak and dry the deep deposits
of manure whloh He on the floors ot
the pens. This produces an effect in
smells against whloh the average English dictionary Is useless.
An ordinary visitor makes his way
very gingerly down the road which
leads through the pens to the slaughter house; tor here are scores of stock
men on horseback, with broad brim,
med hats and long crackling whips,
racing hither and thither and shouting all finds of blasphemous Instructions to Innumerable herds of bewildered pigs and oxen which even In
their confusion, seem to have an instinctive desire to go down the opposite way to that which leads to the
killing house.
Here also are to be seen the buyers
of the various packing establishments,
making dally purchases of as many as
12,000 oxen, 30,000 pigs and 15,000
The animals when purchased are
driven Into the pens of the particular
firm by whom they are bought, and
from there they commence the journey
to that bourne from whence none return alive—the slaughter house.
The pigs are brought Into the slaugh
ter house In batches of about fifty at
time. They enter an enclosed pen
wherein stands a man. Above him Is
a large, solid wheel with a number of
round pieces of iron screwed into It
at right angles. From these hang
hooks which, being loose, hang upright
all the while the wheel is going round.
The man In the pen has nothing to do
but put a chain round each animal's
leg and slip the chain onto the hook
as the wheel goes slowly round. This
all looks very Orderly and simple to
read, but Imagine it you can the terrific noise made by the squealing of the
animals and the clank of the machinery whilst all this Is going on.
The animal, when attached to the
wheel, is suspended hy one leg and
gradually raised as the wheel goes
round until the chain by which he
hangs automatically slips from the
wheel on to a sloping rod down which
the animal slides to the place where
the slaughter-man stands with his
knife. This man does nothing but
thrust his knife Into the throats of the
pigs—except whin hi sharpens his* ' —; . r—
knife.  He looks i veritable demon In- nt lookl oyer the edge of the h..x, the
carnate, for the animals when cut immediately commence to twist and
struggle, thus throwing the fresh blood
which Is flowing from them ill over
him from held to foot. He does Ms
part io quickly ind 10 deftly thlt as
many is twenty pigs ire sometimes
struggling together at once. The concrete floor 11 actually swimming in
blood, the air li rent with the agonised
■hrleks of thl dying, beasts, mingled
with the clanging din of machinery,
and the sickening stench of hot fresh
blood mixed with manure.
After leaving the slaughter man-
sometimes quite dead and sometimes
not quite—they are transferred by
machinery to a large tank of boiling
water and moat of the, hair is scraped
off the carcase. On the bottom of this
tank is a moving platform which conveys the animal to the end of the
tank by which time It'll scraped, then
President J. W. Wilkinson hai
called a meeting of the B. C. Federation of Labor executive hoard
for Sunday, April 18, at 10 a. m„
In Labor Hall, Vancouver.
Oeneral matters of Importance
to the affiliated membership of
the Federation will be presented
by Secretary Mldgley for consideration, among which Is a long,
delayed reply from Premier McBride to representations made
to the executive council of the
government at Victoria on Jan.
27 last.
tumbled through a hole and down an
inclined board on to another moving
table. Two men stand there, one on
each side of the table and all they do
Ib, to turn the pigs ail one wsy for
the convenience of the men next to
them. All these men have to do is to
cut off their heads. Next to them are
the U. S. A. Government Inspectors
who look very wisely at the throat of
each animal. If they don't say anything—they don't seem very talkative
—then a stamp is put oil the carcase
which certifies that the United States
Government Is satisfied that the meat
is good enough to eat. The carcase
then passes on through a multitude of
hands, each of which performs a certain amount of labor upon it and finally enters the refrigerator twenty-five
minutes after it entered the slaughter
house alive.
The oxen are more powerful and
take longer to dress, but the machinery for handling them" Is Jhst as effective.
On the floors where these animals
are killed are long rowB of heavily
built boxes with open tops and strong
flap doors hung horizontally along the
front. The animals are driven into
the boxes from one end, and are separated into pairs by partitions which are
lowered after they are Inside. The
head of one beast points one' way, und
the other the opposite way. Above
these boxes Is a platform. When all
Is ready a man comes along the platform wlh a <ong handled hammer.  As
animal naturally raises Its held to
look at him, ind In doing so plioei Its
head In the molt convenient position
to receive a terrific blow between the
eyes whloh brings It to the floor of the
box—providing i the outcher aims
straight Sometime! hi will miss his
•In, or the r.nimal may move 111 head
slightly, with the result thlt Its eye
li hunt out by the blow, producing
terrible pain and making the place resound with the thunderous bellowing!
ot the tortured brute. Whatever hip-
pent to the flnt ono, the effect on tbe
other animal li painful. It cmnot understand what has happened to its
companion which lies struggling In the
bottom of the box, snd tho outcher Lis
to wait whilst It inirt tne fallen beast,
ill the while trembling Itself snd
plaintively bellowing with fear until
in its turn It collapses on to the body
of its mate fel.ed in, like manner by
crushing blows from the hammer.
The front of the box is then thrown
open, and the animal rolls out on to
the floor where It is pounced upon by
m army ot butchers, whether it be
entirely dead or not. On the killing
and dressing floon miy be seen men
ot every color md nationality rushing
hither and thither with knivei In their
hinds like so many demons, The owner! of the picking houses have evidently taken a leif from the book of
Jehovah himself who hid hli own very
novel md effective wiy of dealing
with the strikers on the Tower of Babel Job. All notices posted in and
around the works are printed In four
different languages, which suggests
that the men and women working
there have not enough knowledge of
one fanguage to enable them to combine effectively for the purpose of Improving the conditions under whloh
they work. J. w. W.
A  tow  "agitators'     	
building tradM oontracton are reported to be "itlrrlag up itrlfe" by advocating a general reduction In wagee,
MpseliUy to. oarptntirs,
If thi employiri have ai much sense
u Nature endows Uttli rose with
they will lsivi the present wsgi Mali
"'onii •
Thou who go looking for trouble
generally and it,
According to sub-contractors who
in endeavoring to but thl wig•
garni on O, If. R. construction work
In thli province, thl rial oontracton
hive i cinch; one that would put a
broncho-buster to rout or a mult-sklu-
air to shame.
"The contracton have ui coming
md going," they say.
"They em't ion, for we take all
ths risk. Ws have a station contract
to take out some 10,000 yards of rock.
"We have to wheel this to a All md
git 15 centi a yard for it
"We hive to buy our supplies from
the contractor md must pay him for
our board.
it cost! ui (0 cent! a yard for drill-
Ing md hinting, md we hive only 85
cent! left for moving the stuff. For
this we hive to take ths chince ot a
slide or a back-break from a ihot
which will bring down thousands of
yards of rock on ui, All thli extra
we muit remove for nothing.
"The contractor buyi hli powder for
90 cent! a kig In Vincouver and ■•lln
It to ui at IS a keg.
"He mikei from 10 to 50 cents a
yard on ths rock we remove.
'He makes money on our board,
'Ai for ui, we work bird, We take
the chmce. We miy mike money.
We miy not Thi contractor li lure.
He has three good chances, We have
one chance, md that m uncertain
It Is thli sort of thing that makes
the men sore."
B. 0. UNI0NHT8
Thi membership of thi Oarneat
Workm' Union la Vuoouvtr, ai aa»
whiri, li audi up largely of youag
women. Thiy an working aa eight-
hour day, under unitary ooaditioai,
md ths average wigs row around 110
to (li per week. Thir an employed
for the moit part In tin mmufactun
ot overall! and ihirt!. UlUmisti who
wm the goodi say they stud up will
with Imported union goodi and an
away ahead ot thi non-union product
of eaitern sweatshops, aria when tha
relative price only Is considered. It
thin li one union In Vanoouvir that
deserves the support of union an
that union li thi Garment Workers'.
A visit among the pretty, Jolly md
union girls employed in the two local
•hopi would convince even a marrisd
mm that home-made union-made work.
Ing shirts, overall!, mechanics' aproni,
•to., should be thi only srtlole found
on wage-workers la thlt provisos.
Merchants an prone to boost thi nonunion article because there li mora
profit In them. But thi duty of union
In the premises Is plain. Tha
young lady delegate! to the centra!
labor body threaten to "comi to meet.
Ing" ss soon as the new Labor Temple '
Is opened, md appoint themselves ia
examining committee. The Federa-
tlonlit, therefore, gives fair warning
before the revelations among union
men Is commenced.
The Conservative presB In the province is uttering dire forebodings as to
what is going to happen to the persons
responsible for the explosion at the
Diamond Vale colliery.
The ooroner's Jury reported Infractions of the Act by the company, md
negligence on the part of the Mines
Inspector in the performance of his
duties. Eight miners lost their lives.
We will soon Bee If anything Is done
or not.
A Qusstlsn of Viewpoint.
The Edmonton Builders' Exchange
and the Trades and Labor Council are
at logger-heads over a question of
fact The former say that they will
require at least 50 per cent mora
mechanics than are at present employed, while the latter say that out
of 300 men only 00 are now employed.
Miking Rebels.
"Compelling persons to xlss the flag
and sing a stanza of the national anthem Is not a new way of producing
patriots. The Czar of Russia has had
that system perfected for a number of
years."—Edmonton Capital.
If you think yourself a union man,
why not work at It?
Name on the voters' list?
Ready for You now
WHEN you walk along Granville St
drop into the store and take a look
at the new $15 Suits for men on
display. They represent the latest styles in
men's suits and inoidentally they represent
the best men's suit values ever shown in
Vancouver. They are made of specially
seleoted Sootoh tweeds. The coat collar and
fronts are made so that they will retain
their shape. The vests show a neat out and
are trim. The trousers hang well. We
doubt very muoh whether you would see
better looking suits than these in any store
and we are positive you will not find as
good value. Come in all sir.es.
Hudson's Bay Stores
Personnel of the National Civic Federation
At  tho recent convention  of the     atlon. of clothiers, New York City.
American Federation of Labor, in At- ,s &MS   ci"4tami':I''iMolclt*n(1"' """""'
lanta, Georgia,   the   delegates of the CHARLES a.  Muoub,'  Manufacturer,
United   Mine   Workers   of   America „,^w York city. r .
brought In K resolution calllmr on OEOKQK M. REYNOLDS. PreHlilont
nrougnr. in a- resolution caning on Cimtinent0| am, commjKal National
those officers of the A. F. of L. who Hunk. Chicago, ill,
were members of the Civic Federation FRANK TRUMBULL, Clialrman Board
to withdraw from that body. Mr. John ?vaf New Yo?k'cu'y "^
Mitchell, who was at one time Presl. Theodore n. vaii).'President Ameri-
dent of the United Mine Workers, was can Telephone and Telegraph Co., New
- - -      - York City.
DANIEL J. TOBIN, President International Brotherhood of Teamsters, In
dianapolis, Ind.
).  L.  CEASE,  Editor "Hallway  Tl
men's Journal," Cleveland, Ohio.
from the Civic Federation of resigning
from his membership in the Mine
Workers. He resigned from the Civic
Federation. The Incident at that time
attracted considerable attention. The
miners, after setting their own house
in order, then carried the tight right
into the American Federation of Labor
Itself. The debate occupied the whole
of one day and brought forth some
very candid expressions of opinion,
both with regard to men and matters.
The resolution was defeated by an
over-whelming majority, and the position of the officers of the A. F. of L.
as members ot the Civic Federation
was thereby endorsed. A llBt of the
Executive of the Civic Federation Ib a
delicious morsel as will be seen from
the following:
ixEOUTrvn oouboil.
BETH LOW, President.
.SAMUEL GOMFEHS, Vlco-Presldent.
ELLISON A. SMYTH. Vlco-Presldent.
BENJAMIN I. WHEELER, Vlco-Presldent.
RALPH M, EASLBY, Chairman Executive Council.
Commute! on Pure Food and Dl'UKs.
WILLIAM R. WILLCOP. Chairman Employers' Welfare Department.
ALTON B. PARKER, Chairman Department on Reform In Legal Procedure.
NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER, Chairman Industrial Economics Department.
AUGUST BELMONT, Chairman Department on Compensation for Industrial
Accidents and Their Prevention.
GEORGE W. PERKINS, Chairman Wage
Earners' Insurance Department.
SETH LOW, Chairman Department on
Regulation of Industrial Corporations.
EMERSON McMILLAN, Chairman Department Interstate and Municipal
MRS. JOHN HAYS HAMMOND, Chairman Woman's Welfare Department.
R.  A.  SELIQMAN, Chairman  Taxation Department.
D. L. CEABE, Secretary,
On tht Fart of Employers t
WILLIAM D. BALDWIN, President Otis
Elevator Co., New York City.
WILLIAM    BARBOUR,   President    tho
Linen Thread Co., New York City.
WILLIAM  C.  BROWN,  President  New
York Central Lines, New York City. .
GEORGE    B.    CORTELYOU,    President
Consolidated Gas Co,, New York City.
FREDERICK H. EATON. President American Car and Foundry Co., New York
OTTO   M.   EIDLITZ.   Building   Trades
Employers'   Association,   New   York
DAVID R. FRANCIS, President Francis
Bros, & Co., St. Louis, Mo.
MARCUS M. MARKS, President Assocl-
Nlchols Co,, Son Franplsco, Cal,
On the Put of Wsge-Bsraen:
SAMUEL GOMPERS, President American Federation of Labor, Washington, D. C.
WAHRlvN S. STONE. Grand Chief International Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, r,<-velnnd, Ohio.
JAMES iVI. LYNCH, President International Typographical union, Indianapolis, Ind.
A. B. GARRETSON, President Order of
Hallway Conductors) Cedar Rapids,
JAMES DUNCAN, General Secretary
Granite Cutlers* International Association of America, Qutncy, Mass.
W. G. LEE, President Brotherhood Roll-
road Trainmen, Cleveland, uhlo,
WILLIAM I). MAHON, President Amalgamated Association of street Railway Employees of America, Detroit,
TIMOTHY IIEALY, President International Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen, New York City.
W. 8, GARTER, Prolldent Brotherhood
Locomotive FlreittQn and Engfnemen,
Peoria, Hi,
"When the old Labor Hall is
Btirrendered there is likely to be
a scramble for Jialls," said Manager McVety of the Labor Temple Co. Asked for an explanation he said that many of the
organizations had not made arrangements for quarters In the
new building, although circular
letters had been sent to them
months ago urging that accommodations be arranged for, As
a result some unions will have to
change their meeting nights to
secure halls, aB the early applicants have naturally taken their
choice of the building.
The following are the organizations as yet unprovided for:
Bakers, Barbers, Civic Employees, Engineers (Stationary)
Firemen (Stationary) Garment
Workers, Marble Cutters Helpers, Moving Picture Operators,
Pattern Makers, Plasterers,
Pressmen, Quarrymen, Structural Iron Workers, Stage Employees, Commercial Telegraphers, Upholsterers, Longshoremen.
JOHN F. TOH1N, General President Boot
and Shoo Workers' Union, Boston,
JOSEPH F. VALENTINE, President International Molders' Union of North
America, Cincinnati, Ohio,
DENIS A. HAYES, President Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of United
States and Canada, Philadelphia, Pa.
WILLIAM D, IIIIHKH. President United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and  Joiners of America, Indianapolis, Ind.
Oa the Part of Uu Public!
WILLIAM II. TAI'T, President of the
United Slates, Washington, D. C.
FRANKLIN MncVEAOH, Secretary of
the Treasury. Washington, D. C,
ELIHU ROOT. United States Senator,
New Y'ork City.
ANDREW CARNEGIE, Philanthropist,
New York Olty,
JOHN IRELAND, Archhlahop of the Roman Catholic Church, St. Paul, Minn.
JAMES SPEYMR. Spoyer & Co., New
• York City.
Conference of t'ommUsioncr* on Uniform State Laws.  I'liMndolphia. Pa.
ALBERT SHAW. Editor "Review of Reviews," New  York City,
V. EVERIT MACY, Philanthropist, New
York City.
THEODORE MARBURG, Political Economist, Baltimore, Md.
JEREMIAH W. JENKS, Political Economist. Ithaca, N. Y.
Louis, Mo,
TALCOTT WILLIAMS, Economic Writer. Philadelphia.
CHARLES HTEI./.LE, The Men and Religion Forward Movement, New York
JOHN M. staiil. Farmers' National
Congress, Chicago, HI.
T. Eiton Ce. fighting Union.
The Federatlonist hold! no brief for
"home merchants," but wige-workers
throughout Canada will do well to
remember that the T. Eaton Co, has
locked cut Its clwkmiker employees,
who rebelled igalnst wages and con
ditlons that prohibited a living, let
alone decency, Cut the psilm-slngtng
outfit off your calling Hit, ind let 'er
go it that.
A wife-workera" meil ticket and hli
vote hive i clow relationship; the
better the Job, the less he Is swore ot
the relationship.
Nanalmo, B. G, April 16 —
Final preparations for ■ fitting
celebration of Intsrnatlooal May
Day here hive been nude. .
A  splendid    programme    of
sports will be pulled off, end as
the miners have decided to take
a general holiday there will be
plenty of athletic competition.
Among the speakers will be J.
Piece, M. P. P., Pirker Williams,
M. P. P., Frank H. Shepherd, M.
P., F. J. Hayes, International
vice-president of the U. M. W, ot
A, Chris Pattlrison, Geo. Pettigrew, and one or two executive
members of the B. C. Federation
of Lsbor.
Robt, Foster, president of Ols-
rlct 28, U. M. W. of A., will be
mister of ceremonies,
Every Piciflc Coast unionist
Invited to "come on over."
Condition!   In    Oovsrnmsnt-AiilsUd
Pulp Industry i Concnti
Eximpli of Moirlds
Ai a modern haven of slavery th*
"development of 'our' pnlp Industry,"
as personified at Powell River, Il
probably the rankest In the province.
The chattel slave of old would refuse to stand for tha working conditions snd sharp practices of the company operating In that locality.
The company stores have the Kelly
Truck Act shot to smithereens; thl
wiges run around iltt centi per hour;
16.00 per week for hoard, and thi
bunk-houses would be condemned al
rabbit pens.
As a modern alive plantation the
Powell River pulp "Industry" li in a
• by Itself.
Bikers' Local 46 held an organisation meeting In Labor hall lut Saturday evening, with about sixty members of the trade present.
Addresses were delivered by offlcen
of the Tradei and Labor Council and
members of the Bakers' union. In
whloh the need for a more thorough
organization ot the Bakers wu required, In view of Immense developments
now going on in the province. Near
the clou of the meeting, applications '
were called for, and eight of the
Bakers present responded to the call.
Five qew members were Initiated at
the business meeting, Which brings
the membership up to sixty-eight.
Next meeting of the Bakers will be
held In Labor ball tonight, Saturday,
April 20. Business Election of International oncers.
New Brand ef Students.
A recent press notice said that a
tralnload of Immigrants arrived from
Halifax which Included 100 Cossscks
from Southern Russia. The Federatlonist wss under the Impression that
the existing Vancouver brand were
fully up to Mayor Findlay's requirements. It Is a possible explanation
that the "Little Father" of the Russians has heard of their fame, and baa
sent these tyros in the art of beating,
up unarmed men and women to learn
something from Mayor Flndlay.
Amalgamated Carpenters,
The Amalgamated Carpenters arc
bnsy these days. An active organization campaign is being carried on and
the members are taking a greater Interest in the meetings at this time
than at any time since last year. A
live committee has the organisation
campaign In hand, and they are doing
fine work. The members, however,
will need to do their part If they intend the work of the committee to
have a lasting effect. In the near future an aggregate meeting will be held
to discuss the B. C. Federation of
Labor's referendum on the Principles
of Socialism nnd to discuss the methods to be adopted In the work ot building up the membership. North Vancouver branch, which has been opened
recently, meets every alternate Monday In the St. Andrew's Club room,
Lonsdale avenue. The next meeting
will be held on Monday, April 22nd,
at 6:00 p.m. North Vancouver members please note. A. S. W.
The working cIubh Is being pun-
Ished for the crime of contentment."
Buck Brand
Our Trade Mark Is Our Fortune
Here It Is:
H Our goods arc Vancouver-made, union-made;
made Io wear and give satisfaction. Here's the
proof—You'll find it in the right-hand hip pocket:
Bearing this guarantee or good workmanship and quality
Wm.J. MclVJaster
& Sons, Ltd.
..APRIL 10, mi
Traders Bank of
q Canada □
113 Branches in Canada
Paid-up Capital
and Surplus $ 6,550,000.00
Total Assets -   50,000,000.00
Savings Accounts
Deposits of $1.00 and
upwards      received
and interest allowed
at ourrent rates
One Dollar Will Open An
Vancouver Branch
Hastings Slieet, Comer of Homer
Opsin Saturday Evenings 7 to 9
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $   6,200,000
Reserve 7,200,000
Total Assets 100,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
businen will be welcome
be it large or small
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve Find
• 5,000,000.00
• 6,000.000.00
Interest allowed on deposits
of ONE DOLLAR and upwards FROM DATE OF
Main Office—694 Hasti gs
Street West.
Hastings and Abbott St.
Branch — 84 Hastings
Street West.
Fairview  Branch — 2013
Granville Street S.
Main Street Brunch—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
Gaskell & Odium
Textbooks on all Trades
and Professions
Books of Special Interest  .
to Wage-Earners Wishr
ing to educate themselves
Tin tatkill-OdlM Dinners, LMtsd
681 Grsnville St. 632 Main St.
alio at New Westminster and
The TaMsH Ititlistri Co., Ualtsd
S26 Hastings Street West
nr) with
The Home of High-Class
Where Everybody Goes
Owned and published b? Vsncou.sr Trades
snd Labor Council, with which is affiliated fifty-two unions, embracing a
membership   of  8000  wase-workere.
Issued on the 5th and 20th of each month
asanas:   IMS   St   Catherines  Street.
Managing; alitor: ». Fumater Pettlplece
Phones—Office, Sey. 1380; Res., Fair 426
Subscription:   11.00 per year; to unions
subscribing in a body, 50 cents.
Advertising Hates: Five cents per line
per issue; 14 lines to an inch. Contract
rates on application.
Correspondence from unions' and unionists  Invited.
•Ualtr of Labor; tn* hope of the world."
PAPER.   Ef this number Is on It, your
subscription expires next Issue.
We often read and hear the statement that in Canada there is an assured future for the poor man who
Ib not afraid of work. Opportunities,
particularly in this II. C. of "curs," are
simply laying around waiting for some
one to pick them up and make his fortune. Lack of success Is due either to
laziness, waiting around for something
respectable at least, if not "classy,"
to turn up, or, In the case ot the small
business man, lack of astuteness and
up-to-date business methods.
One often reads these and similar
remarks in the dally press, but the
same issue often contains one or
more news items of the following
nature, taken from the A. F. of L.
weekly news-letter: It is a dispatch
from Washington, and Is an extract
from a speech by Congressman Mott,
made on the introduction of a bill to
prevent tobacco manufacturers enclosing any offer of a premium or gift In
packages of their products. The measure is being supported by independent
tobacco manufacturers all over the
country.   The Congressman said:
"There was a time when a man
could enter the tobacco business with
the hope of some day owning a store,
but the big organization which controls so much of this business now
has a way of swallowing up the retailers, and tbe best a young man can
hope for Is a job managing one of
the trust's retail stores."
The process has attained such proportions In the United States and
has aroused such world wide attention
that the similar process going on in
Canada has attracted little attention
from Canadians, but the indications
are that the doom of the small producer and merchant will be accomplished In much shorter order and
more completely than had been the
ense In the country to the south of
For one thing, Canada is next door
to the country In which capitalism
has reached a higher pitch of development than any other, where the most
scientific methods of machine production have been more generally in
vogue for a longer time, and In which
the productivity ot the individual
worker, due to the fore-going, far surpasses that of'other nations.
American capital, seeking investment tor the surplus produced, by the
American workers, over and above the
value received in wages, has to look
abroad for new fields to conquer, and
duels at Its very door a new country,
with natural resources of fabulous
extent, In many cases offering exceptional opportunities' for production on
a grand scale, rendering the elimination of the small competitor an easy
In the United States large capital
has been a growth; in .Canada it Is nn
importation, and In that fact lies the
justification for the statement that the
development ot Canada will be more
rapid and complete than was the same
process In the former country, for the
Incoming capital will have, (or rather,
has) at Its back, ell'the accumulated
experience, the latest machinery,- tho
bost brains and the most callous1 commercial Instinct—all developed under
a regime tn which the feudal sentiment and Institutions that have hampered, to some extent, the development of other countries, has been
totally absent
The following items will serve to Illustrate the process that is going on
without any? fuss being made about it.
The number of industrial amalgamations consummated' in Canada from
January, 1969, to December,, 1911, was
41: ■■-..•        '  ' , '.J-r   '
The aggregate authorized capitalization of 39 of these, Including bonds,
was (334,938,260.
Tho- 41 amalgamations absorbed 196
individual companies.
The 28 securities Issued to the public, resulting from the amalgamation
movement, totalled $41,071,200.
With 13 of these, amounting to (15,-
950,000, an aggregate bonus of (6,567,-
500 waB given.
Tho largest amalgamation was the
Canada Cement Company, which absorbed 12 companies, nnd now has an
authorized capitalization of (98,000,-
000. Including bonds.
The number of banks hns also been
reduced from 4.1 to 27.
The same process of nbsorbtlon or
elimination has boon going on among
the smaller .concerns. — Vancouver
World, .Ian. 24,1912.
For a nation of 8,000,000, this Is not
it bad twclvo month's work.
It. Is this universal tendency towards
concentration of wealth Into ever
fewer hands, with the dispossession
and exploitation by them of the rest
of tho community, that Is the reason
anil justification for the positlveness
of I lie Socialist propaganda, which Is
so Irritating to those people who love
to argue on these questions without
having previously studied them.
Far from trying to set back the
dor'.; of time, by storming and railing
at the trust and seeking to dissolve
It and revert to the days of free competition, which Is the manner In which
the nearly eliminated middle class
draws attention to the fact that it Is
down and out, the Socialist welcomes
the advent of the trust as a great advance In human achievement, and a
step towards the final goal—It may
be the last step—the time when the
means of producing the social neces-
sosiiltlos will bo under the control of
society as u whole, and the jungle
struggle for a bare existence on the
part of the great majority give way
to a period when a full and free development will be possible to all.
The main motive that has Impelled
the Introduction pf ever Improving
tools and machines for supplying hu-
man wants has been the desire to attain the most results with the least
possible expenditure of energy, from
tho time when the savage conceived
the idea of  scratching the ground
with a stick to the advent of the mod']
em trust.
Under capitalism that motive is
manifested In the discarding of as
much, wage-labor as possible, by introduction of labor saving machinery,
with the object of making the share
of the laborer in the wealth produced
by him as small as possible.
As machinery develops the total
sum paid in wages declines, compared
with that employed for the purposes
of production, buildings, machinery,
raw materials, etc., with the result
that the largest consuming class—the
actual producers—are unable to buy
with their wages anything but a small
fraction of what they have produced.
This results in that periodical suspension ot production known as a
panic, when the wheels of industry are
stopped and the wealth producers
turned adrift, to starve, shiver, beg, or
become criminals and prostitutes, for
the fault of having produced too much
food-stuffs, too much clothing, too
much wealth of all descriptions.
Whole hecatombs of the workers
perish during these crises, and multitudes of the small-fry capitalists are
squeezed out and fall into the ranks
of the working class, there to make
the competition for Jobs so much the
keener. Many of them prefer suicide
to that prospect. Borne find a temporary lodgment In the ranks of the small
shop-keepers, but they are constantly
being squeezed out and gravitate to
the lowest economic strata—the unemployed,
Thus the ranks of the dominant own-
lng-class are being constantly depleted and those of the dispossessed
as constantly reinforced. The contradiction Is now so glaringly apparent
between the respective positions of
the actual producer and the non-producer, the manner of wealth production and Its appropriation, the resulting discontent is so widespread and
crystallizing so rapidly, as the result
of the development ot these economic
forces that the end seems to be now in
sight. The pressure on the great majority is so fierce, and their necessity
so great, that in self-preservation they
will be compelled to make the method
of appropriation correspond with that
of production, which Is social.
"That means confiscation," cry
some. May be. Others call it "rest!
tutloh." It all depends on the point of
view, which is determined by the different economic Interests Involved.
But one thing Is certain—economic
laws work to their end Independent of
all codes of human ethics.
The International labor movement
Is growing. It has almost developed
Into manhood. It has reached a stage
where the services of men are required. Its units must soon accept the
responsibilities of administering the
affairs of the world. There are many
things to unlearn and undo.
The organization of wealth production is reaching a point where the
form of ownership must be made to
harmonize with it. v
Never was there a time when the
world stood more In need of MEN.
And only from the worktngclass can
the proper men be developed.
When Japan wanted experts she
sent her youth to all corners of the
world to seek the. necessary knowledge; and they returned experts,
armed with the latest results of centuries of Investigation. Now Japan
is reaping the reward.
If organized labor Is to evidence
a like wisdom It will select Its students and give them every opportunity
of studying the workers' history, needs
and requirements, in conventions, by
travel and observation, in a word, experience.
This having been done the most
thorough and deserving "students"
should be sent to conventions of the
International Socialist Congress,
where they will have an opportunity
of mixing with the MEN of the labor
world and "graduating" Into a sphere
of real usefulness to the International
working class.
The great industrial army Is too
busy working, or looking for work, to
effectively do their planning. Men
must be chosen from the ranks and
trained to assume the duties which
will shortly be placed upon us.
The labor press Is growing and doing splendid work. Countless speakers are crystallzlng a world-wide discontent among the propertyless workers. Economic pressure Is forcing the
But we still lack MEN; or at least
sufficient of them to constitute a
World Administrative Central Body.
What we have accomplished in the
recent past In the matter of "Inter
national" organization we must enlarge to International scope and com
There Is need and justification for
MEN coming Into, and staying in, tbe
greatest movement the world ever
knew—the united international hosts
ot Labor.
Judas IscartotB there no doubt will
be; lack of confidence and real backing on the part of the workers we may
But, all things considered, the labor
movement today offers the greatest
inducements of all to MEN.
McBride prosperity—and more Jails!
"Loave it to me."—Bowser.
Mayor Flndlay—Aid. Williamson. A
tough pair to draw to.
Has McBride "prosperity" hit you
The workers will win respect when
they can command it.
Dr. McQulre's "coal Inquiry" Is still
coming up.
The corporations own tho beefsteak;
I he workers the appetite.
If railways bring "prosperity," why
didn't you stay where you were?
One thing that commends the I. W.
W. to the labor press:   Its enemies.
Weill What about that royal commission, to Investigate labor conditions in British Columbia?
New Westminster's proposed civic
coal yard seems to have got lost In
the shuffle.
Here's to "the clique that runs the
union." May their number ever Increase.
The workers create all wealth and
receive very little of It. The "workers
build the Jails—and live In them.
King Capital will make Its last
stand in the Last Qreat West. It will
likewise meet its Waterloo.
About the only escape from real
death or mutlliatlon In the industrial
world Ib to join the militia.
Listen: "Nanalmo's Nature Treasure Chest!" But it all belongs to Dan
and BUI, with McBride as hired man.
Nanalmo Socialists Caught a Place
in the personel of the B. C. legislature. Ladysmlth, too, was once more
The days of "plantations" are not
| over. Several Interior sawmill companies are still conducting them on an
improved basis,   More anon.
A little touch of the old Spartacus
spirit seems to permeate the minds
of the modern slaves of the mill, mine,
railway and faetory.
Boss Bowser should be prevailed
upon to abolish the present provincial
voters' list. Nearly all the present
voters are on the government's payroll.
Every jail In British Columbia Is
overcrowded and new pens are being
rushed to completion—by the working-
men, for the workingmen.
As soon as the workers take a
notion to "mind their own business"
there will be lean pickings for Coupon-
There can be no fault found with
capitalists as individuals. The same
can be said of bedbugs. It's the way
they make their living we object to.
Railway and other corporations live
up to arbitration awards and agreements—just as long as their employees
have the organization (power) to compel them to do so.
Now, If the Hon. W. H. Ross would
only tell land-seekers WHERE the
FREE LAND Is located, In specific
.terms, several Inquirers would take a
chance on going "back to the land."
The "standard" rate of wages In
British Columbia for unskilled workers Is (3.00 for an eight-hour day.
And none but abject slaves will consent to work tor less.
The wage-worker-who Is loudest In
proclaiming his freedom and patriotism generally loves the boss, says
"the workers won't stick together"—
and would starve to death if out ot a
job thirty days.
"There shall be no distinction of
race or religion and people shall have
freedom ot speech and assembly."—
Draft constitution of Chinese republic;
not an excerpt from Mayor Findlay's
The Leather Workera' union Bhould
remember Aid. Williamson, One
year's free sub. to the reader who will
provide the best suggestion for the
medal Inscription.
The difference between a "gentleman" and a useful citizen is the difference between a clean-shaven, bathed and well-clothed man and a "hobo,"
A hobo Is a wage-worker out of captivity.
The bathing beaches and "privileges"
of Vancouver should not only be owned but operated tree of charge by the
city of Vancouver. This from any
and every standpoint but one—the
Ex-Pres. Roosevelt fooled the people
of the United States a lot longer than
his namesake will tool the patrons of
the B. C. Electric Ry. Co. In Vancouver. The employees, too, will take
slowly to being "Americanized."
The "minimum wage" of members
of the British Columbia legislature
was, some years ago, raised from (800
to (1200 per year. The "minimum
wage" of several judges and other governmental officials has recently been
raised. The "minimum wage" of wage-
workers, however, remains subject to
the Inexorable laws of the condition
of the labor market.
Looks aa though the chances were
a 10 to 1 shot In favor of the B. C.
Electric Railway Co. getting away
with a 26-year consolidated franchise
for Greater Vancouver. The compost,
tlon of tbe city council should make
the bet an easy one. While the "dear
peepul" are attracted by dally press
"scandals of the cockroach," the parties Interested will pull off the steal.
It keeps a "labor" paper busy In
these stirring days of international
Industrial warfare to compete with
the capitalist dally press in the matter of "news." Doesn't seem to be
much else "In the papers." And it
will be worse before It's better. The
light must go on until the social and
economic system that produces strikes
and extremes Is supplanted by a system more In harmony with the modern mode of wealth production.
The workers of the world are getting tired of fighting, each other for
the sake of determining which "nation" shall control new marketB. The
corporations have about arrived at the
conclusion that they have interests
everywhere and see no particular use In
destroying their own property. Hence
the workers refuse to fight for a country they do not own, and the capitalists refuse to finance wars among
themselves. The real mission of the
militia and soldiery, therefore, Ib to
keep rebellious workers In line; Inter,
nal rather than external.   Get that?
Vaneouver Trades and Labor Council Is agitating for the appointment of
a food Inspector, especially meat and
milk. If the present brand of McBride prosperity continues the workers will have so little of either that
It will not make much difference
about Inspection. A few more Inspectors, however, would strengthen
Bowser's voters' list; bo there Ib some
probability ot an appointment
The Vancouver General hospital
should be owned, operated and maintained by the provincial government,
under a department to be established
and manned by a competent minister.
The best hospitals known to the world
should be built, or taken over, throughout the provinces and run with a view
to protecting life and limb. ThlB
action Is Just as. necesBary to "conserve our resources" as the army of
policemen, fire wardens and other governmental "protectors" and "servants." And certainly would be a lot
more useful and appreciated.
"Doe" Morgan's New Berber Shop.
If there's a better known union barber shop magnate in Vancouver than
"Doc" Morgan, Labor hall philosophers would like to know It. "Doc" has
juBt opened a swell new shop at the
corner of Homer and Hastings streets
(Homer street entrance under McMillan's store). Take a look at his
advertisement elsewhere, then call and
get acquainted with the bunch.
"Archie" says: "All branches of the
tonsorlal art executed with ambidextrous dexterity."
Between Ourselves
If you are one of the "live" ones,
send for 10 "Fed." sub. cards, and,
when sold to fellow workera, remit
(7.50 to the man who pays the printer.
Bert de Wlele, Greenwood, comes
back with 7 more sub. cards, and asks
us to potlatch 10 more. Our auburn-
haired stenographer just Bmlles,
John L. Martin, Victoria, catches a
place this week and hits her up for 10
sub. cards. The Capital CJty seems
determined to be different to most of
its kind, judging from advices round
Labor ball.
Ten annual sub. cards, (7.50. Pay
when sold to the uninitiated. Get in
on the All Red Route.   It's great!
A. S. Wells, located wherever he
hangs his hat, and agltator-ln-chlef for
the Manglemated, gets time to remember The Fed. with a few sub. cards.
He says every unionist In British Columbia should be on our mailing list,
and, of eourse, It Is agreed.
The Federatlonist will be what Its
supporters make It possible to be. If
you like It, boost; if not, tell us your
troubles. Let's get acquainted, "anyhow,"
A few more subs, from Vancouver
Island coal miners would be strictly In
order,   How about It, over there?
John McMillan, business agent Vancouver Building Trades Council, makes
It his business to dig up a new paid-up
reader a day for The Federatlonist.
What are YOU doing?
Arrangements are being made by
The Federatlonist to place a representative among the miners of Vancouver Island. The working conditions will be portrayed in each Issue,
and In return we expect 2000 new
L. H. Burnham, J. W. Wilkinson, B.
D. Grant, J. H. McVety and Bob Craig
are helping to swell The Fed.'s circulation. There Is room for 150,000
Eight hundred and thirty-five Street
Railway Employees In one foil swoop!
Gee!   It's great to be an editor!   •
Several communications, some of
them too long at any time, along with
"copy" of interest to every unionist, is
held up this Issue. Simply haven't
got room. Paper too small. Revenue
too small to make it bigger. Needs
only one thing—circulation. With circulation all other things are added, if
one rustles for It. May Day would be
a fitting day to make the enlargement
to eight pages. Ask your union to
subscribe In a body (50 cents per year)
at next meeting. Send for ten sub.
cards, sell them for (1 each and remit
(7.50 when Bold. But do it before May
"Notes of the notables" list too short
thlB Issue. Must have more eubs. to
eratlon or Labor—Meets In annual convention In January or each year. Executive
officers. 1912-13: President, J. W. Wilkinson, P.O. Box 11S5 Vancouver; vice-presidents, Oeo. A. Burt, Box 792. Nanalmo; B.
D. Grant, 713 Fifth avenue, New Westminster; -as. H. McVety, 1744 Broadway
west, .Vancouver; R. P. pettlplece, 2549 St.
Catherines street, Vancouver; J. Roberts,
Bo 36, Moyle; C. fllvurts, 1278 Denman
street, Victoria; J. J. Tp"lor, Ladysmlth.
Secretary-treasurer, Victor R. MU'-lev. Box
1195, Vancouver; delegate to Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, R..P. Pettlplece,
2349 St. Catherines street, Vancouver; fraternal delegate to Washington State Federation  of   Labor,   Jaa.     H. ■ McVety,   1744
"Victory will be ours the moment
we make up our minds to be the victors."
Fted Petty
HAS moved from
835 Pender &.
to 518 Hornby St.
a few doors hom
Pender. Before you
order a suit come in
and look over our
stock. Use the label
Phone Seymour 4490 420 Hastings W.
E. T. Kingsley
"The shop where progressive thought is
merged with the
Official Organ otthe Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Magazine 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Moderate Prices
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Opp. Labor Hall
Good Wearing Work
OUR BLACK SATEEN SHIRT AT $1.00 is the best shirt that the
makers know how to make. It has a double yoke that comes well,
over the shoulders to meet the moil wear. Double stitched throughout and made of an extra tough dead black sateen.
WHITE OVERALLS—For painters and plasterers; extra stout drill and
double stitched. Jackets to match.   A garment       -       -      65c
ENGINEERS' OVERALLS—In blue stripe drill with bibs and sn*
pehders, Price, $1.00.   Jackets to match      -      -      -   $1.00
CARPENTERS' APRONS—Made in three sizes, short, medium and
hill length, three to seven pockets: large aprons have rings and snaps.
Prices      ......      35c 65, $1.25
David, Spencer, Ltd.
H Secretaries are requested to notify manager of change of officers.
flnt and third Thursday, Labor
Hall, 112 Cordova atreet west, (up*
stair*)- President, J. W. Wilkinson;
vice-president, John McMillan: general secretary R. Parm, Pettipiece, «49 St. Catharine* street; phone Fairmont 426; secretary-treasurer, Jaa. Campbell, 1994 Fourth
avenue west, phone Bayvlew 953R; statistician, Mrs. Ruse L. Gardiner, sergeant-alarms, Fred A. Hoover: trustees, J, Kavanagh. James' H. McVety, Victor R, Mldgley.
International   brotherhood   of
— Electrical Workers Local -Union No.
681 (Insida Man)—Meets in Bartandars'
Hall, 54 Cordova street weat, second and
fourth Wednesday* at 6 p-m. Praaldant J.
Montgomery; vice-president, F. Duff; recording secretary, J. H. Carney, impress
Hotel; financial secretary, F. Woods;
Treasurer, W. Jarvis; bmints-, agent, F,
every Friday In Labor Hall, 112 Cordova street west. President .1. Kavanagh;
vice-president, j. met on; secretary, J, Mc*
Mlllan, Labor Hall; financial secretary-
treasurer, Wm. M. Herforth; business agent,
J. McMillan, Labor Hall. Phone Seymour
1360. Office, hours, 8 to 9, 12 to 1, 4:30 to 6.
of Vancouver—Meeta aecond Monday In
the month In Labor Hall. President, B.
Jarman, pressmen's Union, 923 Hornby
•treet; vice-president. George Mowat, Bookbinders' Union. 515 Dunlevy avenue; secretary, A. H. England, Typographical Union,
567 Hornby  street,   P.  p.  Box 66.	
•tXstreet and Electric Railway Employee*
of America, Pioneer Division No. 101—Meets
In Oddfellows' Hall, Mt. Pleasant, sscond
and fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and
first and third Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President James Fletcher; vice-president, H.
Schofleld; recording; secretary, Albert V.
Lofting. Box 17B. City Heights P. O. Financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover, 2409
Clark   drive.
psntera and Joiners; Vancouver District— Business agents, j, w. Wilkinson and
J, A, Key; office hours at Labor Hall, 8
to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.; phone Seymour
Tuesdays at 8 p.m. in Labor HaU.
President, Mr. Wright; secretary, H. Carter,
Box 991-
fourth Wednesdays In Orange Halt,
Hastings and Gore avenue at 8 p.m. President, W. Hanson; secretary. D. Mitchell,
South  Hill, a  C.
Mondays at 8 p.m. In lodge room,
2233 Granville street south at 8 p.m. President; J. Tltley; secretary, J, Fowler, 633
Pacific strset. /
third Thursdays In Room 4, Labor
Hall at 8 p.m. President G. Lamberton
(Factory Workera); secretary, J. Thompson.   149 Tenth  avenue east.
Mondays In Orange Hall at 8 p.m.
President Wm. A. West; sserstary, A. McLaren.  1033  Richards  street.
CENTRAL PARK BRANCH MBBTS Alternate Frldaya in Arglcultural Hall,
Central Park at 8 p.m. President, G. Man-
son; secretary, j. Anderson, Jr. Box 883
Central Park, B. C.
In South Hill achoothouse. South Vancouver, every alternate Friday nt 8
p.m. President, H. Itayner; secretary R.
W.  Jackson,   South Vancouver,  B.   C.
national Union, No. 1—Meets every
Tuesday, 8 p.m., O'Brien's Hall, corner
Homer and Hastings atreets. President,
James Haslett; vice-president, J. J. Welsh;
corresponding secretary. W, g, Dagnall,
Box 83; financial secretary, F. R. Brawn.
Business agent, W. 8. Dagnall, 108 Hastings
street  east;   phone   Seymour  8799.
League, No. 676—Meets 514 Keefer
street, first and third Sundays of each
month at 8:30 p.m. President, Chas. Lehr;
vice-president, H. H. Harrison; secretary,
Richard Dalton; treasurer, Wm, Mnttlshaw;
business agent, John A. Fraser, 514 Keefer
street.    Phoje Seymour 6225.
Joiners, South Vancouver Union No.
1208—Meeth in Staple's Hall, Fraser and
Fiftieth avenues, flrat and third Tuesdays
of each month. President, E. Hall, Cedar
Cottage; vice-president. 8, Fraser, Fraser
avenue, p. o,; recording secretary; E. H.
Uelsey 253 Tenth avenue east; financial
Secretary, J. A, Dickenson, South Vaneouver  P. O,  _^___
Union of America, Local No. 357—
Meeta In Labor Hall on the first Tuesday
In oitrli month at 8 p.m. President, Robert
J, t'rulK; vice-president, D. A. McMillan;
secretary, J. C Pouser, Mainland Cigar
Factory, 112 Cordova atreet west; labe.
custodian and treasurer. B, W. Johnson;
delegates to Tradea and Labor Council, J,
C.  Peuser,  Miles  Nugent.  R,  J,  Craig.
of America, British Columbia Division,
Canadian Pacific System, Division No. 1.
Meets 11 a.m. third Sunday In month, at
O'Brien's HaU. Local chairman, J. F.
Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local secretary-treasurer, A. T, Oberg, Box 432, or
1003 Burrard street.   Vancouver.
40.—Meets at Labor Hall second and
fourth Tuesdays of each month. President,
Bro. Fox; vice-president, Bro, Hunter; sea*
retary, Wm. F. Herforth. 2138 Westminster
avenue; treasurer, Bro, Beaver; delegates to
Building Trades Council, Bros, Herforth,
Thompson and Glnnsdalo. Delegates to
Trades and Labor Counoll, Bros, Fox, Lor-
I ansky and Hunter.
Electrical Workers, Local No. 813—
Meets every Monday evening at 8 p.m. In
Labor Hall, 118 Cordova street weat,
President, H. B. Durant; vice-president, C.
L. Hardy; recording secretary, r. a, Morris; financial) secretary secretary, H, Lauder; treasurer, Sam Cawker; trustee, H. T.
Johnston; foreman, W. P. Carr; first Inspector, B. O. Bheppard; aecond inspector,
C, W. Teag; business agent, B. L. ■eMil-
lan,  75  Broadway   west.
America Vancouver Local No. 120—
Meeta first and third Wednesdays in Labor
HaU at 8:30 p.m. President, C. B. Herrltt;
vice-president, J. W. Green; recording secretary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, 439. Abbott street.
Phono   Seymour   2170.
tinners' International Union of America, Local No. 46.—Meets in Room 4, Labor
Hall, every aecond and fourth Saturday at
7:30 p,m. President, McCurraoh; vice-president J. Hendricks; treaeurer H. Lsaworthy;
secretary and business agent, B. Hutchlngs,
Phone 1380, Labor Hall.
America, Vancouver Branch No. 178—
Meetings held on the first Friday in each
month at O'Brlen'i Hall, corner Hastings
and Homer streets, 8 p.m. president H.
Nordland; vice-president. A Larson; secretary, W. W. Hocken, 1582 Thirteenth
avenue east, p. O. Box 503; financial secretary^. Wakley, Box 503.
North America, (Vancouver Branch-
Meets In Labor Hall second and fourth
Tuesdays at 6 p.m. President, Fred
Rumble: vice-president, Henry Hague; corresponding secretary, Jamea Rayburn; financial secretary, Wm, Jtrdine; treasurer,
P. Talnsh.
tlonal Association of Mnehliiiets—
Meets In Labor Hall, second and fourth
Thursdays at 7:16 p.m. President, Robt.
Thomson; vice-president, Chas, Mattison;
recording secretary, J. Brookes; financial
secretary, Jas. H. McVety, 1744 Broadway
west.    Ptiono Bayvlew  1141..
Decorators' Union, Local 138—Meets
In Labor Hall, 118 Cordova street, every
Thursday ut 7:30 p.m. President, W. J.
Nagle, 1566 William street; vice-president,
'Johnson Bradley; financial secretary, F. J.
Harris, 1668 Robson street; recording secretary, Skene Thomson, sub. p. o. No. 8;
treasurer, B. Staples, 658 Hornby street;
'conductor, H. Whiteside; warden, a. Powell.
Local N. 1—Meets 614 Kecfsr street,
every Tuesday evening, 8 o'clock. President.
T. Burkes; secretary, T. M. Wright. 517
Pacific street. Headquarters 614 Keefer
street.     Phone .Seymour  6225.
1 tlonal Alliance, Local No. 280.—Meets
every Thursday 7:30 p.m. at 118 Cordova
street west, Room 4. President, H. Spear;
vice-president, j. iW. Heath; recording and
corresponding secretary, Jas, Jamleson, 921
Drake street; financial secretory and business agent, J. Peters, 118 Cordova street
west; conductor, H< Anderson; warden,
Thos.  Edgar.	
No. 62—Meets first and third Wednesdays of each month. Labor Hall, 8 p.m.
President, R. Neville; secretary, P. O.
Hoeuke,  Suite  2.   1202  Woodland  drive.
ten and Joiners, Local No, 617.—
Meets every Wednesday evening In Labor
Hall, 118 Cordova atreet west at 7:30 p.m.
Executive committee meets every Tuesday
evening 8 p.m. President, Murdo McKsn-
sle; recording secretary, Geo. C. Lesley;
financial secretary, L, H. Burnham; treasurer, J. W. Schurman; business agent,
Geo. W. Williams. Phone Seymour 1380,
Labor Hal).
No. 226—Meets In Labor Hall last
Sunday of each month at 2:30 p.m. President, \W, S. Armstrong; vice-president, G.
W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66; sergeant-at-arms, C.
Proske; reading clerk, W. H. Youhlll; executive committee; prealdeno, vice-president, secretary-treaeurer, W. R. Trottor, G.
Bartley, H. Hunt and L. !••• Dennlson; delegates to Allied Trades Council, A. H. England, T. Kean and H. Neelands; delegates
to Trades and Labor Council, R. P. Pettlplece, w. R, Trotter, H. C. Benson, G. W.
Palmer,  w.   8.   Armstrong and Q.  Bartley.
pany, Ltd.—Directors, Fred A. Hoover,
Chas, Stowe, s. Thompson, Jas. H. McVety, James Brown, E.lward Lothian, James
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. p. Pettlplece, John McMillan and Murdock Mc-
Kensle. Officers: President Jas. Brown;
vice-president, John McMillan; secretary
and managing director, Jaa. H. McVety,
Labor HaU, phone Seymour 1380, residence
1744 Broadway west, phone Bayvlew 114L;
treasurer, Jas. Campbell, residence 199-1
Fourth avenue  west,   phone  Pavvlew 953R.
of these books selling
Ingersoll's 24 Lectures - . .SO
Dr. Brown's True Marriage
Guide - - - ,S0
The Escaped Nun, Mary
Moult      -      -      -     .60
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova W.
Our Type & Model System
A splendid achievement in designing and proportioning, by
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"A Fit for every figure" ' A Style for every taste"
garments are worn by the best dressed men in Canada, from ooean to ocean
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The Garment Section is Completely
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By this we mean that Spring stocks are now practically
replete and include models that hold high favor here and
elsewhere. This season's aggregation of new models is
above the average. At no previous time have our offerings
been so noteworthy. There is ample selection here of good
cloths for women desiring to dress well and with good taste.
11N TAILORED SUITS the stock includes a wide range of
models in fine serge, diagonal suitings, whipcords, double-
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(faroon UrgaoaU, fttnttrii
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Open   from   9  a. m.   to 8 p, in.
Honest snd Artistic
The roost scientific and
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank gf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Colombia Grants Pre-emptions of
J 60 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least]
two years; improvements to the extent of;$2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the [end ]o(Jtwo
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e.'$120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest alJ6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
The Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information
Padmore's Big Cigar Store, 642 Granville Street
Macdonald, Marpole Company, Ltd.
'Under Socialism Will
Craft Unions Be Needed?'
E. H. Gadsden, secretary of Vancouver local union No. 105 of the Inter-
national Brotherhood of Bookbinders,
has propounded a query to the editor
of The Federatlonist, which may prove
ot general interest enough to Tarrant
public dlsousston.
The subject matter may be taken as
an Indication of the general discussion which has been stirred up among
British Columbia unionists as a result
of the recent submission to a referendum vote, by the B. O. Federation of
Labor, asking for a pronouncement as
to whether the Principles ot Socialism
shall be endorsed or rejeoted.
Bro. Gadsden asks:
"• • • Under Socialism will craft
unions be needed?"
Although disliking to be considered
ss prophesying as to what will be the
details of the new social organisation, which role Is better left to those
Utopian Socialists who are Infected
with the bourgeois conception that
Ideas and not material conditions are
the source from which we osn draw
our explanations, I think It can safely
be said that the craft union, and also
the Industrial union, as we know them
today, will not be needed under a system in which all the means of wealth
production will be owned in common.
To properly understand this, it Is
necessary to understand the present
function and purpose ot the union,
whether it be craft or industrial.
Society, as at present constituted, is,
founded on class divisions. These had
their origin In the dim ages of antiquity, thousands ot years before the earliest records that have been discovered
were written, and appeared with the
Institution of private property at
which the historical period ot the human rsce commences. (By historical
period Is meant that which has supplied ub with written records, whether such writing be on parchment or
In the form of hieroglyphics, as tn the
records of the Egyptians and Assyrians). According to Lewis Morgan's
work, "Ancient Society," (which I believe is in the Free Library) a period
of 50,000 years had elapsed before
private property appeared as a dominant Institution, and with its appearance classes appeared.
Under the preceding stage of evolution (tribal communism), all the proceeds ot the activity of the trlDe were
enjoyed by all members, without distinction of age or sex. Men and women alike had an equal voice In tribal
councils, and there was a solidarity ot
interest in those communities that no
succeeding stage of society has attained.
Class distinctions gradually arose
through the elected tribal chiefs,
usurping or being accorded rights thst
were not the privilege of the rest ot
the community, and which soon were
claimed as an hereditary right by their
Immediate successors. As these chiefs
were usually the ones to whom the
community entrusted the management
ot the defence against raiding tribes,
they used their military power to enforce their increasing demands for special privileges at the expense of the
community, and that Is the origin of
the modern State.
Thus slavery was established—forced labor for another.
In Ward's "Ancient Lowly" are
found references to a system ot trades
unionism that had grown up alongside
the existing system of chattel slavery
of the Roman Empire. They were
composed ot tree-born Roman citizens
and emancipated slaves, and the records they have left show most conclusively the purpose for which they
were organized.
It is one long story of struggle with
the owning class as to the terms on
which they should sell their services,
and brings out most vividly the class
ilivislons that had appeared and grown
with the growth of private property,
and the irreconcilable antagonism
that existed which necessitated the
formation of the unions.
I hope It will not appear too prosy,
but I have been endeavoring to give
you a bird's-eye view, ns It were, ol
the reasons for the existence of the
The subject cannot be properly un
derstood without a knowledge of the
origin and growth ot class divisions.
Chattel slavery gave place to feudalism, under which the slave was
known as a serf, boing tied to the soil,
and a part of the baron's farm stock,
having a patch of land he was allowed
to cultivate to meet his own needs,
the balance of his time being put In on
his lord's estate, without remuneration.
At the same time, in the cities, there
existed the counterpart of the Roman
trade union, organized tor similar purposes and,engaged In a similar struggle with the dominant class as to the
prices to be received for their services.
The tools ot production were small
and capable, owned and operated by
Individuals, so that the struggle did not
take on the aspect of one between the
slave and his master, but between the
Independent producer and his cub.
tomer, in this case the feudal nobility.
But the forces of evolution proceed,
ed to assemble the scattered tools and
transform them Into a machine, which
Boon grew to be both too large and too
expensive to be operated nnd owned
by an Individual, and the latter was
reduced to the position of having nothing to sell but labor-power, which
could only be utilized by operating the
new machines.
The struggle then opened up between the owners of the machines,
who had become the dominant class
through the ruin of the larg landholder,
and the craftsmen, reinforced by the
freed serfs, who had been driven off
the land by tne breaking up of the
baronial estates.
These formed unions, against which
the master class enacted the most
ferocious legislation, (see Thorold'Rog-
ers' "Six Centuries of Work and
Wages," and Gibbon's "Industrial History of England"), but they persisted
until they forced legal recognition In
the early years of the 19th Century.
The struggle that the modern unions
are engaged In today Is In all essential
particulars Identical with that waged
by the ancient Roman union and the
dispossessed serf and craftsmen of dying feudalism.
Like them the modern trades ulonlst
has no property In the socially necessary means ot production and has to
offer his services to those who do own
He lives up the sale of his labor-
power, without which the means of
production cannot be operated.
The primitive machine of early cap-
ltallsm has grown Into the vast Industrial plants of modern Industry, around
which are assembled armies of workers, who are thus compelled to act In
large masses In their disputes with the
The whole system of production Ib
now so complex and Interwoven that
hardly any Industry can be said to be
Independent of another.
Specialisation and subdivision of labor Is the order of the day, snd the
cratf union, the members of which
were originally masters of every detail of their trade, Is finding the special skill ot which It was the repository supplanted by machines which
oan be operated by unskilled
woman, or child.
All labor Is rapidly being redueed to
one common standard ot common, unskilled labor.
The craft union has, speaking broadly, outlived its usefulness, snd In the
natural course of evolution Is bound
to b* supplanted by the Industrlsl or
federated union, which, In contrast
with the excluslveness of the craft
union, seeks to embrace all the workers In a given Industry, skilled and unskilled.
The evolution of the organisation
engaged In the building trades Is a
striking example ot the truth of this.
As to whether the craft union will
be needed under Socialism, I think
that from the foregoing you will gather that It Is unlikely to be in existence
for any considerable length of time, if
Industrial evolution proceeds at the
rapid pace It has set within recent
Unions are absolutely necessary as
long as the labor-power of the worker
Is a commodity, that has to be sold in
competitive market
Without the union the position and
stadnard of living ot the worker would
be absolutely at the mercy of the capitalist, to be beaten down at his pleasure.
By banding themselves together the
former are enabled to put a brake on
the downward tendeney not to stop It)",
and form a center ot resistance to the
encroachments of capital.
But when all la said and done, and
It Is no use covering up the truth, the
unions, sb such, are lighting a losing
battle, The Immensely productive capacity of modern machinery Is rendering more and more of the workera unnecessary, skilled and unskilled, resulting in the market in which the
unionist Is endeavoring to sell his labor-power being chronically overstocked, a fact which Ib fully appreciated by the buyers, (the employers of
laobr) and which provides them with a
most effective weapon In resisting the
"exactions" of the unions,
Even the mass-action, as we have
seen it recently in England, of industrial unionism only layB bare the
terrible conditions existing under this
system, when by that attempt of one
section of the working class to better
Its condition the precarious living of
multitudes in other sections Is Immediately placed In jeopardy, cauBlng
them to give voice to their distress and
use their Influence to get the strikers
back to work, in order that they may
still be enabled to extract a miserable
wage from the Industry in which they
were employed.
With the means of production In the
hands of society (Socialism) all the
members of that society will be part
owners, operating them as they do
now, In common, but enjoying the result ot their labors, which they do not
No longer will they be compelled to
sell their labor-power to a small class
In society In exchange for a more or
lesB precarious existence, the necessity tor combining In order to resist
the demands of a hostlje class will no
longer exist, and the .union, aB we
know It today, will be of no use,—but
the organisation of labor that has been
created by the evolution of the machine Itself, that has resulted in every
man knowing his place and duty In the
social mechanism of production, that
organization will remain,. In the new
In closing, what you doubtless con-
stder a too lengthy answer to your
query, I would like to point out to you
the fact once more, that unionism Is
a constituent element of a society divided Into classes, and with the disappearance of claes society unionism will
disappear also, belns unsuitable and
superfluous In a society In which the
ownership ot the means of production
Is vested In the whole of that society,
and not In a small fraction.
All previous owning classes have
been compelled to seize the armed
force of the State In order to ensure
to themselves that their ownership
shall not oe merely a nominal one, but
that they shall reap the fruits resulting
they shall reap the fruits resulting
from the operation of the things owned
and In that. I j to lie found the object
and purpose of the International Socialist movement—capture of the relnB
of power, the forces of government,
army, police, militia, without which the
present owners could not own, and the
possession of which Is absolutely
sentlal to the workers.
Class society is founded on class
ownership, and both will go out to.
gethor. J. H. B.
Alberta Capital City Agitator Extends
Olad Hand and Invites Fomentation Among tho Slaves.
Dear Fellow Agitator: If still engaged In spreading the glorious doctrine of discontent, allow me to hereby notify you that there Ib a cut rate
on soap boxes In Edmonton at the
present time. Dynamite can be had
here at "standard" prices and there
Is nothing you need be afraid of from
the dictograph, aB the current supplied from the municipal plant (which
la the nearest we have to the Marxian
In these parts) cannot be relied on
long enough at any one tlmo to record
the framing of a plot for the elevation
of a dog house. It Is merely as a
statement on the side that I mention
that the supply of steam beer Is adequate In this vicinity for the emergency.
This Is a fertile Held In which to stir
the populace to a realization of their
wrongs, and It such a thing should
transpire that at the expiration of the
Blavery agreement by which you, some
three years ago, tied up the slaves of
the print shops to their Inexorable
masters, you should be again called
in as an expert promoter of fomentation against the capitalist class, I beg
to hereby make It plain to you that
you will be welcome to our city and
that there are members of the Com-
mora, who would be glad to chaperon
you to regions • • * of which Mr.
Parkhurst and such other Illustrious
Bervltors of the good of the human
race bid ub beware!
Edmonton, Alta.      '*
The U. 3. "Busted" Trust.
Tbe roast beef of old England is a
myth. The British market is as much
controlled by the American beef trust'
as—well as the Canadian market—
Tbe World.
New Westminster, B. C, April 10—
(Special to Federatlonist)—Regular
meeting; Vice-President- Stoney In
chair. Minutes of last meeting read
and approved. Credentials received
from Del. Casper from the Barbers,
arid Dels. Dodd, Morris, Duncan, Grimmer and McLean of th* Strset Railway
Communication read trom J. D. Taylor, M. P., In which he stated that al-
tho* the government had decided sot
to place fresh sodkeye on the fre* list,
concessions had been secured trom th*
canners whloh would ensure th* Fraser River fishermen a fair price for
their fish and also a larger proportion
of th* catch than heretofore.  Filed.
From th* Typos re the taking over
of th* unfair Werner Co. by th* Bryant Publishing Co. was Med and secretary Instructed to send a letter of protest to th* Bryant Co. The statutory
report of th* Labor Tempi* Co. wss
read, showing a very satisfactory state
of affairs,
Delegate Grant reported for th* committee whloh waited on th* School
Board re th* fair wag* clause, stating
that the committee had laid their ess*
fully before the Board, but had found
no vary enthusiastic supporter* among
the trustees. Chairman Tnpp had expressed surprise that union men only
work sight hours per day and drew
overtime for Saturdays. He claimed It
Is a crime to man to work only eight
hours during the lovely summer weather. Trustee Thornbur considered the
duty of the Board waa to get the work
done as cheaply as possible. Trustees
Green and Peck favored some sort ot
wage guarantee, but objected to tbe
Insertion of a definite scale. Trustee
Mrs. Cross stated thst the Board had
no time to waste discussing such a
commonplace subject as mere wages,
while Trustee Mrs. Oilley stated that
union men seemed to have too much
time to stand around street corners.
If they would stay at homo and assist
their wives there might be a reason
tor a shorter work day, She asked the
members of the committee If union
men gave 10c to their wives every time
they spent a dime for tobacco. Delegate Christie assured the Board that
union men were allowed two bits per
week tor tobacco and other luxuries.
However, the report stated that altho'
the secretary had received no notice
from the Board, it had been stated In
the press that some sort of fair wage
clause had been inserted in the specifications.
Delegate Darke stated that one contractor who secured the plans in order to tender on the work, refused to
tender at all because he considered
the wage clause unsatisfactory. Merely a blind.
Delegate Cameron stated that the
T. & L. Council had made a mistake
In endorsing the two women candidates at the last election. "We thought
we were supporting Intelligent women
for the position, but find we were mistaken. We should place worklngmen's
wives on the Board."
Delegate Gilchrist suggested that
these women are but the reflex of the
vote that placed them there. ,
Delegate Duncan, reporting for the
municipal committee, stated that they
had secured from.the City Council a
fair wage clause embodying a union
schedule of wages, the Council seeming on the whale to favor progressive
legislation for the workers. Tbe Council stated they had no power to exempt the V. M. C. A. or any other semi-
public or business Institution from taxation.
The City Solicitor had stated that
the Council could not prevent the
School Board from placing the High
School on Tlpperary Park, which evidently they are determined to do. contrary to the expressed wish of the
The question of Municipal Coal Yard
had not been yet taken up. Report
Delegate Stoney reported that the
Switchboard operators of the B. C. E.
R. had held an organization meeting.
All unions reported their members
all working and the Street Railway
Employees and II. B. Carpenters reported weekly additions to their numbers.
Delegate Grant Introduced a resolution which was carried asking the
Trades and Labor Council to circulate
petitions against the' placing of the
High School on Tlpperary.
A committee consisting of Delegates
Grant, Cameron, Chockley, Gilchrist,
Duncan and Newsome was appointed
to attend to the details.
In speaking to the resolution, Delegate Grant stated that Tlpperary will
soon be In the centre of the business
portion of the city and would be a most
undesirable place for any sort of educational Institution, while on the other
hand the city,owns 30 acres of land,
centrally located, which will soon be
a central location and an ideal site for
a High School end such supplemental
buildings as will gradually have to be
added to It.
The Labor Temple was asked to
place n directory board ot the front of
tho Hall.
Delegato Duncan was nominated to
represent tho Council on the Ijibor
Templo Committee Hoard.
The secretary was Instructed to
send a protest to tlie Minister of Railways aenlnst any loan being given to
the G. T. P. Railway until such time ns
they reach a settlement with their machinists.
The secretary won Instructed to
confer with the secretary of the Machinists' Union re tliclr capita tax to
this body.
Receipts, $ir>.
Meeting adjourned at 10::».
15.—The regular mooting lnpt Monday
night wob well attended by a live
bunch ot members. Bro. llurnliam,
secretary-treasurer ol' the District
Council, B. D, Grant, general organizer of the northwest, and Business
Agents Williams and Philips were
present. The meeting was most enthusiastic, every member taking an
application blank anil forming hiinnelr
into a committee of one to bring a
new member to the next meeting.
New life haB been Infused Into the
Local by the appointment of an organizer for the district and the taking
over of the business agents by the
District Council.
An office has been opened In the
Hub Cigar Store, phone 823, where the
secretary will be found on Saturday
afternoons from 2 to 4.
Contractors and others desiring men
call at above address.
There will sure be things doing In
Local No. If39 this season. The carpenters of the district are beginning
to realize that only by thorough organization can the present conditions
be maintained or Improved, with the
present rapid influx of men from every
»••»•* ah«>«s Ats Wrgtimmmpiw
Ms.4* in Noa-ValM T**rtm*Hm
Do not buy any Shfte
no matter what Its nam*, units* It bam a
plain and readable lmprtsaion of thai Btssap.
All shoes without tfc* Union Iteap (It
always Non-Union.
Ps sStsscspi'sB* memhnbmee* si Ultt Stsssp
M Summst Strsst Boston, Mais.
John F. Tobln, Pros. Chas. L. Bain*, W.-TNM.
Get Your Money's Wortl.
Many dealers will try to indue* you to tak* some other brand
Wby f    For larger profits sake.       Don't lot them fool yon.
patronizes a Bar should not oary
irslst upon being served by Unisa
Mixologists, but demand
The Keg* Bear the Label
ask rat tmiiN mme mi
"Boom all Union Labels"
Don't You
Want to
Do That ?
—should receive the support of trade* unionists
above all labels. Every time it is used it mean*
a boom for all labels and unionism. sj Union
newspapers are more favorable to organized labor
than non-union sheets. tj That's support you
want when in trouble, »J By demanding their
label you not only help printers, but advance
labor's cause, and that HELPS HUMANITY.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
If easy running, fait cutting and an absolute guarantee count for anything in a hand taw, then every mechanic should use this Simondi Saw.
It is certainly much different from other saws.. Let us tell you why,
or better yet, let the Simondi tell its own story.
HI Hasting* St W.
Phone Seymour 204
'Work with the Present and
the President works with you*
President Suspenders Cusrsnteed
 t *
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
THE BRITIBH doLUMltfA ^Et>B3BA*IOiflS^ ,-'
§Hitrk6AV.2!ii::;;.£..it;fiit to, isi*
Whale Brand
A special cut, nude by union
giils, under die supervision af a
unionist, who thoroughly understands the overall needs and requirements ol Vancouver wage
workers. Ask your merchant
(or them and look (or both the
Union and Whale Brand
"Size, Strength, Endurance'
22 Water Street Phone Sey. 1993
New Store
Invites you to visit
the store to look
as well as to buy
Money   Saving  Pfioes
Everything"to Eat
Money   Saving   Prices
Cor. Pender and Gambie Sts.
Phone Exchange Sey. 5868
Up-to-Date Union
Cor. Homer snd Hastings Streets
Annual Sub. Cards
Pay vdten you Sell them
The B. C. Federatlonist
2349 St. Catherines St.
goods a
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Castings and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Notwithstanding that engineers are
more numerous than good boilers,
most of our members are working and
membership Increasing.
We meet every second and fourth
Monday In Labor hall, and an Invitation Is extended to all competent engineers to attend our meetings and
hear what we are doing to Improve
working conditions for the members
In this line of work.
Our organisation has been Instrumental In securing for all competent
engineers the eight-hour day and a
wage of $4.50.
If you are not working under these
conditions, and have no Idea how they
can be obtained, come and join us and
we will show you how to get them.
Don't think that we obtained these
conditions by lying on the sands at
English Bay, or that we got them by
burying ourselves In a back room in
some downtown block trying to settle
as to the best method ot keeping the
flywheel on the holler; we got these
conditions by demanding them, and,
as the bosses, having "their" business
to maintain, urgently needed our services In order that he might continue
to do business, he granted these demands because he could not find any
other packages of labor-power of our
particular commodity.
A number of engineers have a very
high opinion of their abilities. We
take this opportunity of reminding
them that ability does not count for
much In this world of profit, and In
most cases the man that gets the
Job, when the labor market Is overcrowded, Is the man who works the
cheapest and who Is the hungriest;
he has a contract with his stomach,
which he must carry out at least once
per week, or he ceases to exist.
If you want to get a larger return
for your labor-power, come and Join us.
C. T.
John L. Martin reports front Victoria that the strike of the employees
of the Canadian Mineral Rubber Co.
Is pretty well complete. Only a few
faithful slaves remain at their Jobs,
and as the work cannot proceed without a fuil gang, they are not much use.
They are out for $3 per day, the city
employees' wage. The abolition of
overtime, and full pay from 8 a. m.
until sent home. In their perplexity
the company sought the assistance of
the mayor, Beckwith, and received Immediate assurance that the company
would be "protected," the promise being put into effect by the use of the
police to prevent the orderly strikers
from standing,op the street corners,
and similar exasperating tactics. Up
to date they have failed to Induce the
strikers to play Into their hands by resenting the overbearing conduct of the
police. The strikers are nearly all
from Italy, very few of them can
speak a word of English, but the tie-
up Is as complete as it could possibly
be. The I. W. W. are managing the
Another strike Is In progress on the
addition to the Parliament buildings,
the "foreigners" there having been
compelled to come out for better
terms. The high cost of living Is the
motive for both strikes.
Two arrivals from the Old Country
last week managed to find their way to
Labor hall before the local Conservative Association employees got to
them. They will therefore And Jobs
In the usual manner ami get their
names on the voters' list In due course.
Of course they will be barred from
civic or provincial workj nor will they
catch a place on the police force.
When they are In town longer they
will, of course, learn the proper way
of getting In on McBride's prosperity.
Necessity the Real Agitator.
Socialists may get lax In their work
of agitation, but hunger forever keeps
the wage slave In rebellion against his
It is a good thing to know where you can buy a good Umbrella,
and where your ideas us to price and quality can readily be satis-
lied. You probably know of our SPECIAL UMBRELLA AT
$1.00, good top and trustworthy frame and a variety of handles.
T. B. Cuthbertson & Co., Limited
345 Hastings W. 619 Hastings W. 630 Granville
Cuoliion Sole and Extra Dry
Shod $5,50,
Men's VelourCalf and Gun Metal Bluchers, new styles, high toes — $4.50, $5
Opp. City Hall Repairing
Rabbit  Hill  Correspondent
Writes From Farm's
Potato Patch.
Labor Hall Philosophers—Yes, Parm
is about to try the simple life. He has
joined with a fellow-sinner In a 120-
acre pre-emption at OlbBon's Landing
and will become a "rancher"—at long
distance, however, 'me Incubator Is
already on the way. Other developments will soon be In order. The boys,
Including the Tanktown scribe, have
been Invited to a week-end seance.
Bob Edwards and Col. Lowery are eligible and will probably be lured Into
spending their holidays hoeing Parm's
Potato Patch.
Lawyers' love trouble, and It's mutual.
J. W„ City—Archbishop McKneel
Is credited with making the following
statement. "Families In the West are
being broken up more rapidly than In
the East." And they do say Socialism
"destroys the home."
To the Law Society—A client In the
office Is worth two In the penitentiary.
To P. W. N„ City—While Mr. Norton
Griffiths Is busy making speeches In
favor of the closer drawing together of
the "Imeprlal Ties" the local branch of
the firm buys their lumber In Seattle.
While there's life there Ib a chance
for subscribing to The Federatlonist.
R. P. P., City—The Minister of Education Is going to have a first-class
pedagogue as principal of the University of British Columbia. We agree
with this declaration, but why not
start at the top?
A lawyer la known hy the clients he
The Law Student's Primer Lesson—
"Oh! See the sad little fel-low with
the plug hatl Is he the under-taker
on his way to a fu-ner-al? No; he Is
a law-yer on his way to de-fend a crlm-
i-nal. What has the crlm-1-nal done?
The criminal has broken the law, and
the lawyer has broken the crlm-i-nal.
But why doesn't the poor fel-low get
a doctor, then? Because the law-yer
Is the only fel-low al-lowed to doctor
the laws. Is he a doctor of laws? Oh,
no, but he doctors the laws Just aB If
he were a reg-u-lar prac-tltlon-er. His
business Is to de-fend the ac-cused.
How does the law-yer man-age to defend htm, If be Ib gull-ty? By getting
his fee first." Even lawyers who are
not fastidious have to observe correct
forms or the Law Society will take
away their gowns.
McBride's Army of Voters—Game
wardens; more game wardens; road
superintendents; rosd foreman; road
employees; fire wardens; more firewardens; railroad financiers and their
friends too numerous to mention.
BritiBh Columbia for British Co-
lumblans—The prairie provinces, with
less American capital Invested, have
clamored less about being thorough
Britishers than British Columbians,
where more than half of all the capital Invested Is American, Here Ib
something for the "flag-wavers" to
think about.
The Gentle Art of Murder.
An exchange puts the following before a theoretically Intelligent public,
and expects that it will go down. It Is
from a column headed "Boy Scout's
Gazette—Headquarters Bulletin":
"Scouts snd Cadets—A number ot people are under the Impression that the
League of Boy Scouts is In opposition
to the Defence Act. This Ib not bo by
any means. The Scout movement,
while It Is essentially non-mllltary, Is
yet intended to fostsr and cultivate all
the faculties nscsssary to the soldier.
While Its drill scheme Is of the simplest character, its methods of Instruction In first aid, rifle shooting, signalling, watermanship, pioneering, and a
host of other allied aubjscts, are most
complete. It can be truly said that
the cadet who has s 8cout training hss
a great advantage over the one who
has not" Notice how the Innocent
recreations" ot "watermanship and
pioneering" are sandwiched in between
the purely military stunts of "riflle
shooting, signalling" and "a host of
other allied subjects." These people
are not even skilful liars.
Tom Mann, Disturber.
The Imprisonment ot Tom Mann, the
famous British Socialist and Industrial
unionist, because he called on the soldiers to refuse to shoot their fathers
and brothers when the coal strike began
has created a general furore among
the working people. Mann was committed to jail without bail upon the
charge that he was attempting to Induce the soldiers to commit mutiny.
In other words, Mann waa accused of
being guilty of treason, because he
advocated peace and order, and the
Socialists challenge the government to
try him on the charge of being a
traitor to "merry England." It Is admitted by able politicians that the
Liberal government, in attempting to
serve capitalism faithfully, is getting
In very bad. There Is a deep-seated
antipathy growing towards the Liberal party, and It will require all the
nstutenesB of Lloyd George to save
the ABqulth regime from an early fall,
unless the government changes front.
A Slight Recognition.
News-Ad.: "The moral of the
Crow's Nest strike and of the great
British strike Is one and the aame.
The destiny of nations, or at least
their commercial prosperity, Is In the
hands of organised labor. This new
sovereign power has, with the best
possible Intentions, Inflicted upon
Eastern B. C. and upon Great Britain
respectively, staggering blows which
would have cost the old-fashioned kind
of sovereign either his throne or his
In the sinking of the liner Tltantlc
1800 lives are reported as being lost.
The great majority of these will, In all
probability, be found to be of those
who produce the world's wealth, the
minority the useless class that never
created anything but trouble for the
others. Yet we find, In the early reports of those saved, no reference to
the former, but columns of names of
the Hrst-clasB passengers who shipped
and other columns devoted to the enumeration of the wealth owned by
them. Hard cash Ib the only thing
that can arouse the enthusiasm of tbe
scribblers ot the capitalist press. Columns can be devoted to the worship
ot the golden calf at a time like this,
when thousands of the relatives of the
working class victims are tortured
with grief and anxiety, and scanning
these papers for news that would dispel or confirm their worat forebodings, to be met with particulars as to
the wealth owned by the Astors, Gug-
genhelms, Strauss' and other magnates
whose families were represented on
the vessel. It Is only one more ot the
constantly recurring Instances of the
contempt In whloh the workers are
held by the dominant class.
Here   Is   What  the   Socialist   Party
Has   to   Offer   ths
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In
convention assembled, affirm our allegiance to and support of the principles
and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
the producers It should belong. The
present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means
of production, consequently all the
products of labor belong to the capitalist claas. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State
will be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class
lies In the direction ot setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system, under
whloh Is cloaked the robbery of the
working class at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates
the transformation ot capitalist property In/ the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and the
worker Is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the reins of
government—the capitalist to hold, the
worker to secure It by political action,
This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with the
object of conquering tbe public powers for the purpose of setting up and
enforcing the economic program of the
working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and
management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office
shall alwayB and everywhere until,
the present system Ib abolished, make
the answer to this question Its guiding
rule ot conduct: Will this legislation
advance the Interests of the working
class and aid the workers In their class
struggle against capitalism? If It will,
the Socialist Party is for It; If it will
not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all the public affairs plaoed In Its
hands In such a manner as to promote
the Interests of the wonting class
Here Is What the Industrial Workers
of the World Say Must
Be Done.
The preamble of the I.W.W. constitution may be of Interest as indicating
the lines upon whloh the organization
is working.  It la as follows:
"The working class and tne employing class have nothing In common.
There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions
of working people, and the few, who
make up the employing class, have all
the good things ot life.
"Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of
the world organize as a class, take possession of the earth and the machinery
of production and abolish the wage
"We find that the centreing ot the
management of Industries Into fewer
and fewer hands makes the trade unions unable to cope with the evergrowing power of the employing class.
The trade unions foster a state of affairs which allows one set of workers
to be pitted against another set of
workers tn the same Industry, thereby
helping defeat one another In wage
wars. Moreover, the trade unions aid
the employing class to mislead the
workers Into the belief that the working class has Interests in common with
their employers.
"These conditions can be changed
and the Interest of the working class
upheld only by an organlastlon formed
In such a way that all Its members
In any one Industry, or In all Industries
if necessary, cease work whenever a
strike or lockout Is on In any department thereof, thus making an Injury
to one an Injury to all.
"Instead of the conservative motto,
'A fair day's wages for a fair day's
work,' we must Inscribe on our banner the revolutionary watchword,
'Abolition of the wage system.'
"It is the historic mission of the
working class to do away with capitalism. The army of production must
be organized, not only for the everyday
struggle with capitalists, but also to
carry on production when capitalism
shall have been overthrown. By or
ganlzlng Industrially we are forming
the structure of the new society within
the shell of the old."
The conditions in San Diego have
reached such a pass that the Federated Trades local council have notified Governor Johnson that ' unless
he took a hand and protected the
workingmen, they would take steps to
protect themselves against the police
and the "vigilantes." If he refuses
to act they will establish a guard of
1,000 men to patrol the streets and
protect the workers. On the other
hand, the "citizens" have formed a
committee of 1,500 to aid the police
against the I, W. W. members.
Premier McBride has gone to London to encourage some more financiers to develop "our" resources.
Synonymous terms: Vancouver's
mayor and the chain gang.
The flrat trade union in the United
States was incorporated In New York
109 years ago today. It was the Society of Journeymen Shipwrights, and
had a considerable membership in the
metropolis. Three years later, In 1806,
the House Carpenters In Now York
formed a union. The organled labor
movement gained little ground until
1817, when the printers of New York
organized the New York Typographical union. It was not until 1825 that
unions extended beyond the bounds of
a single city where organized. From
that time on, with the extension of
the factory system, labor societies
constantly Increased in membership
and Influence. The International Typographical union, which dates back to
1850, Is the oldest existing American
tradeB union.
Vancouver is the one city In western Canada that bo far disgraces Itself as to maintain a civic chain gang,
one of the many insults handed to the
workera by Mayor Flndlay. The autos
used to convey the victims to work
last month coBt the city $300, but "his
worship" points out that the city got
$1200 worth of work for nothing. The
chain gang will be one of the things
that will help consign the lofty pinnacle of blunderbuss, Vancouver's excuse for a mayor, to oblivion next January.
Law and Order.
The Illinois Slants Zeltung, a capitalist dally, is quoted as saying: "We
have always been of the feeling that
a devil Is needed to drive out Beelzebub, that socialism must be fought
with anarchism. The maize-bugs and
kindred insects are killed by letting
other insects on them, which kill them
and eat their eggs; so should the state
cultivate and bring up anarchists In
the socialists' stronghold and leave
to them the work of destroying socialism. The anarchists will do the work
more effectively than the police or
prosecuting attorneys would be able
to." From an advocate of capitalist
"law and order" this Is quite consistent. The manner In which they put
their anarchistic principles Into practice has been quite edifying, as wit
tiess San Diego, McKees Port Rocks,
Colorado, Vancouver, Toronto, Lawrence, St. Petersburg, Warsaw, etc.
The Plot Thickens.
Tbe Appeal to Reason asks why the
Investigation Into the so-called dynamite conspiracy, which was launched
with such stage thunder a month or
two ago, has been boycotted by the
capitalist press for the last few weeks.
They have probably found out who
were responsible, or were getting too
close, and had to be called off.
Slaves As An Assst.
Returns have been received by the
Washington house of Congress showing that the railroads subsldary to the
steel trust have returned dividends to
the amount of 24 per cent. This represents the results of the unpaid labor
of the workers, without which the
whole plant would be as valueless as
so much Junk.
More Identity of Interest.
Tbe Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in the United States are balloting on fifty ot the eastern railroads
aB to whether there shall be a strike
or not, to enforce their demand for
increased wages. So far, the ballots
received Indicate that the men are In
favor ot striking.
An Enderby correspondent to The
Federatlonist, discussing the recent
election in Okanagan riding (Price
Ellison's) says: ". . . Did not
have a polling booth In all of the polling places advertised. In one place,
16 miles from here (Huples P. O.),
where we polled a Socialist majority
In the Dominion election last fall, the
voters did not get a chance to vote at
all—no polling booth opened. . . ."
The rest of the comment Is too warm
for publication, but contains a world
of truth concerning the Bowser
Too Slimy to Crawl.
1 would rather see a child of mine
lowered Into the grave than become
a detective In the   ranks   of  wage-
workers' organizations."—R. P. P.
Wonts Than War.
"The railroads of the United States
kill or injure an employee every six
minutes, and every two hours a man
Is killed."—Senator Chamberlain.
The "8eattle Spirit." ,
The Socialist parly of Seattle received 24,000 votes in the recent municipal election.   There seems to be a
lot of red-skins In the west yet
The Bossss Understand. •
The city clerk of Hoqulam, Wash.,
has been discharged by the city commission for taking an active part In
the mill-workers' strike.
Still "Going Op"!
It Is still going up!    The U. S.
Bureau of Labor states that the wholesale prices of food stuffs have Increased 2% over last year.
Don't Be an "Indian."
Join a union and get your name on
the voters' list.   Then learn to look
the boss In the eye, und make a noise
like a Red,
Mule-Skinners Balk.
Over 500 teamsters In Toronto went
out on strike on April 2 for $2 per
day.   They are getting $1.81.
The government of the province of
Alberta has appointed a commission
to Investigate and report upon its mining laws. The commissioners are
Messrs. J. T. Sterling, W. F. McNeil,
and Wm, B, Powell, president of District 18 of the U. M. W. of A. The
coal miners are looking with anxiety
for some needed amendments aa a result of the report of the commission.
Fernle, Lethbridge, and Bankhead
are going to celebrate the International Labor Day, May 1, In style. Well-
known speakers will addresB the
crowds, and the usual sports will be
pulled off. The miners of the Island
are emulating them, and intend to set
a standard that other camps will have
to accept as a standard tor their future efforts.
Fernle workers intend to take a
hand In future municipal elections,
just to keep their hand in for the
next provincial contest. A campaign
to place names on the municipal and
provincial voters' lists lias been started.
A correspondent ot tbe Granite Cutters' Journal says that the trade outlook In Vancouver Ib not good. Some
of the gangs are Idle, with prospects
of their ranks being increased.
Pacific Coast wage-workers will
wend their way to Nanalmo on May
Day, where an excellent program has
been arranged by the coal-diggers' organizations.     <'
Fashionable Spring Attire for Women
The Smartest of Models and the Strongest of
Values in Suits,and Coats for Women, Misses
VlflTH the variety of many new suits, new coals and new
" dresses—late purchases that have recently been received,
our showing of new Spring Apparel is now so complete, as to
be beyond criticism. The mest fastidious woman can easily
satisfy her garment needs here.
We invite your criu'aal inspection. We ask you to examine
closely as to style, a» to tailoring, as to fabric, and more closely
ai to value. You will consider our prices moderate in the extreme. This applies to garments that show all the niceties, all
the clever style features-—for there is not an ordinary or common place model in our showing. Visit this department now.
You will find a courtesy and service that will appeal to you.
Between Abbott and Carrall
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phono 3822
Building Hardware, General.JIardware, Tools for
the Carpenter, Cement-worker, Plasterer, Machinist
Bricklayer, and all the other trades. Lawn Mowers,
Bakes, Spades, Hose and the other requisites to
make your home look neat and tidy.
McTaggart & Moscrop
7 Hastings
St. W.
If all Union Men in
Vancouver were to demand union-made bread and sue Hint the
LABEL is on every loaf, we should lie nblo to double our staff in
a wook. Union men don't bo misled by bread made by unfair
labor in unfair shops. Demand the'loaf with tho label and made
by skilled workmen, us made and supplied by tho
733 Keefer Street Phone Sey. 3323
The Most Wonderful Range in
The World
You'll think so, if you take
time to look it over. You'll
know it after you have had
ono in your kitchen for a
few weeks
You'll find this Peor of all
Ranges at (ho store of
W. R. Owen
2337 Main Street
Phone Fairmont 447
We Handle
Overalls, Hats
Gloves, Pants
See Our Special Workingmen's Special
Suits from $15 to $25
43, 47, 49 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B.C.
Port Mann
I have for sale business and residential property in the official town-
site and acreage immediately adjoining. ' Full information, official
maps, etc., sent upon request
6 Winch Bldg. Vancouver, B.C.


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