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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 3, 1912

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POLITICAL mfrt?*$Uixkui?
Foilrth Year,/ No.
$1.00 A YEAB
■•' Unmistakable are the signs ot discontent among wage-workers engaged
ln the mining, industry of British Columbia. This is true of both tbe coal
and metallferous miners. Rumblings
of the coming upheaval, unless condition are ended or amended, are becoming more pronounced from day to
day. The Federatlonist has been deluged with individual complaints
against employers ln various sections
of the province, and especially vitriolic
has been tbe criticism levelled at the
provincial government for Its delay
In tbe appointment ot a long-promised
commission to enquire Into Industrial
conditions, with a view to remedying
some ot the evils complained of. Not
only has the government not acted to
date, but most flagrant violations of
the mining laws are being permitted
with impunity; alleged inspectors, like
Justice, are blind; the employers are
are putting'the mines in better shape?*)
I think it muBt be the latter. '
For instance: We had a miner killed
and burled this morning (July 20) at
10 o'clock, through the manager forcing him to let his own cars down after
he had loaded them. This place,.as
far as I know, Is from 40 to 60 degrees
of a descent, and the cars hbld approximately two tons of coal. The
manager admits he told the dead man
to let his cars down. He might Just
as well have told him to commit suicide, as the breaks were ln front of
the car Instead ot behind, thus showing what a difficult Job the man was
pitted against as soon as the block
holding the car was knocked out
"All the miners here, where the
seams pitch, have to help get their
cars to and from the face,' ln order to
save the bosses from putting men on
to do the work.
"If one kicks and says It Is not their
work the boBses will either tell them
obdurate"and"seem to delight In tak-1 worK'"0 "•"""■» "'" ■"•"■■ "" ""T
ing advantage of the necessities of i *> get out, or let them go to work
*        __r?..,.1_J ,. „„i„„i„  „„. without getting any care until one
government-assisted new arrivals, unacquainted with the conditions ot the
country. The miners' unions are determined to do Bomethlng to alleviate
the. conditions of their membership
and the conflict of interests Increases
In intensity. The breaking point cannot be far distant.
: Metallferous Miners.
Locals of District 6, Western Federation of Miners, having Jurisdiction
throughout the province, since July
29th have been discussing the situation
"with a view to taking concerted action
towards obtaining a raise in wages of
50 cents per day for all mine, mill and
smelter employees ln the metaliferouB
• mining industry ln the province."
"It seems to us," says the official
circular, "high time that the men engaged in the mining industry tn this
province should receive a raise in
wages, seeing that many other crafts
and industries have received a raise
within the last two years; tn fact the
metallferous mining Industry Is the
only Important industry in I). C. which
has not. . . . There are several reasons why we should be able to obtain
higher wages now, among these, of
course, being the higher cost of living,
and the higher scale of wages being
paid elsewhere ln the same industry.
' .. . . We urge that n referendum vote of the membership of District 0 In B. C. be
at once.taken, as we are prepared to
strike to enforce our demands, ...
A vote' In favor of a strike would necessitate an application to the Department bt Labor at Ottawa for a Board
of Investigation and Conciliation, under the Industrial DIsputea Act. We
therefore recommend that Immediate
action be taken."
The Coal Miners..
• ■ LSst week The-Fe'deratlonfst liitl-
mated, through a special dispatch
from Cumberland, Vancouver Island,
that there was trouble brewing in that
territory. Fallowing the telegram The
Federatlonist Is In receipt ot a letter
from a working miner setting forth
specifically some of the grievances
"Since we organized ln Cumberland," says the writer, "we have been
able to get the mines ln a little better
or safer conditions; though one of the
managers claims that this has been bo
ever since he came here, a matter of
about four or five montbs ago,
course which, he alleges, has put the
company to considerable expense. But
It this IS so, I would like to know the
reason for so many serious and fatal
accidents every month? 1b It that the
managers and pit-bosses are neglecting other work, or are tbey'getting
work done by less men in order to
save enough to pay the other men who
helps to get tbem in.
"This, to my way of thinking, is
murder, and the man who gives such
orders a murderer, who should be
tried for manslaughter. But no, there
Is no law for these kind of people who
help to kill more than ever did the
working class ln all their strikes and
bloody riots of all history. These are
are real murderers whom the governments should be getting hold of instead of the Bttors Snd Glovanettes,
Jailed on the trumped up charge of
being accessories before the fact,
"We had another man killed St this
particular mine, through similar operations of the profit system, a short
time previously. He was ordered from
a compressor engine to take charge of
a train, from a given time ln the afternoon to a given time at night, all to
be done inside his shift ot eight hours.
"These are only, a couple of instances of the miners' experiences. We
have others who are Incapacitated for
life, Including over a dozen cases
within the past two montbs.
"Numberless accidents have occurred where the victims could not be
taken Into the hospital without putting some convalescent out before being St.
"Nqw, after killing and maiming so
many of our brothers, through rotten
working conditions, we are finding It
very difficult to pay compensation that
the men are entitled to.
"For instance: We have a man who
is lamed for life, so the doctors Bay.
He went to the company for his compensation, but the cashier told him
that he would have got It if he had
not put his claim in through the union.
Britannia Miners' Union early
last week made application to
the Department ot Labor for a
board of Investigation Into grievances at the Britannia mines.
Tho miners named Geo. Heather- -
ton to represent their Interests,
and word has Just been received 4
that W. J. Elmendorf. a mining
engineer, has been selected by
the Britannia Mining & Smelting Co., to watch their side of
the controversy. The two will
now have to name a chairman,
or, falling that, Minister of Labor Crothers will do so. The
company officials had ordered
union officials oft their property,
and refused to deal with the
miners as a union.
luooessor to Bod autbeson as .Bustusss
Agent for Vancouver Painters', Vapet-
haogsra' aad Deooratore' Union.
But this same man had the misfortune
to be lamed on a previous occasion,]
before the advent of the union, and;
made a similar application, but got
nothing, after being off work three
"This cashier, who seems to be the']
controller for this company, is extremely officious and has a magnified
notion of his Importance ln the community. He is agent for the C. P. R.,
for the American Consulate, for the
Canadian Colliery Co., and one of the
high muck-a-mucks In one or all ol
the different lodges. As agent far the
C. P. R. his sympathy was recently
shown, when a third-class ticket was
provided tor Mrs. Logan to the Old
On the day of the funeral of Mrs.
Logan's husband the members of the
U. M. W. of A. paraded to the residence of deceased, headed by the'clty
band. On arriving we were surprised
to learn that we had to take the rear
in order to let the Free Masons take
the lead, as they claimed the right to
bury him. That was all right, as far
as we were concerned; we fully
agreed, thinking that they, having the
'rights bur* bim,. would iahra "as-1
sums the right to pay all expenses.
Mr. Clinton, I think, had something to
say In tbe matter, as he was there tn
full regalia, and one of the. high officials ot that particular lodge. But
what did he dot Well, he Is secretary-
treasurer of the Medical Fund, which
all miners are assessed tor at tbe rate
of $1 per month, ltt case of accident,
and deducted from the miners' pay by
the company, at the office, Mr. Clinton
paid |100 to the undertaker, as provided tor ln the: bylaws, without even
asking if ln the meantime Mrs. Clinton
had money enough to support herself.
"To fully expose the wrongdoings of
the cashier in question tor the past
twelve years would require about that'
time to do it in.
"Whilst the members of Local 2299,
U. M. W. of A, are fighting the esse
for Mrs. Logan, we will take up a
collection on payday, so tbat she Mil
be able to proceed to the Old Country,
a call that will be liberally responded
to by all Cumberland miners."
These, then, are some of tbe factors
making for discontent and crying out
for adjustment.' What the outcome
will be, In the light of so much.evidence tbat the government is wholly
with and on the side of the employing
Interests, remains for the future to unfold. |  J,
At a time when tbe world-wide labor
movement Is causing nations to surge
and the dally press to discuss little
else, it may be Just as well that the
workers of British Columbia shall line
up with the procession and demand
more participation In some ot the
things which they make possible.
Reglna Palntera' Strike
Reglna, Sask., Painters are on strike
for 45 cents per! hour. They have had
no agreement with the employers for
a considerable time, and now Want a
minimum rate died. Org. Trotter of
the Labor Congress addressed a mass-
meeting of the strikers one night last
When purchasing from or doing business with the advertisers in this. paper, always mention The Federationist.
no mount* will
The local C.'N. R. strike committee advises The Federation-
let that a. letter has been received from tbe Department of
Labor at Ottawa, ln answer ti)
a request for a federal board
of inquiry, stating that a regular board Will not be granted;
but that with the consent of the
strikers and the employers,
both agreeing to abide by the
decision, something might be
done by the department. A proposal which neither the men
nor the construction contractor j
will stand for. The situation,
therefore, remains unclmngea,
with the addition of some 4000
more strikers added to the list,
contributed   By   the   O. T. V.
Vancouver Is full, of Idle men.
And the outlook for'the coming
..winter Is one that still .require '
more than "free speech" demonstrations to grapple with,
FrwlosM turn Weetalastar ItreetraU.
Miners   by Referendum Return
Mover by Three to One Vote—
Davidson Elected.
President—Charles H. Moyer, 8,318;
Thomas Campbell, 3,744,
Vice-president—Charles E. Mahoney,
7,379; Harry Lappin, 3,351; E. B. Si-
manton, 986,
Secretary-treasurer — Ernest Mills,
7,674; Thomas J. Rellly, 3,765.
Executive Board members—John C.
Lowney, 7,512; Yanco Terzlch, 6,020;
William Davidson, 7,046; Frank Brown,
2,668; Guy B, Miller, 6,777; Joe Guelfl,
2,660; Leslie W.-Turner, 2,729; Albert;
Nap Oautbler, 2,027; John Puera,
1,952; Howard Tresldder, 1,061; Fahl
Burnham, 675; J. B. Dahl, 782; John
C. Williams, 2,717.
Delegates to the American Federation of Labor convention—Edwin
Young, 7,059; Joseph D, Cannon, 6,953;
Dan Leery. 4,173; Thomas Campbell,
3,960; Harry Lappin, 3,443; M. J
Scanlon, 3,613; Dan Holland, 7,276;
John C. Williams, 6,920.
When in Doubt
Fee Sals a*
NOT only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they are union
made, and no union
man should wear any
other kind.
The fact that they
are union made proves
that they are well
made, and the name
"Peabody" Is your quality guarantee.
Price: $1.25
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number of
pockets, finish, etc, There's no other overalls that can
hold a candle with them for good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally good. Note
the gauntlet cuffs, and tbe uniform band collar, and then
you'll be satisfied there's only one good Jacket, that's the
one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Day Stores
(Victoria Brotherhood of Carpenters)
VICTORIA, July 31.—The new officers of the Brotherhood are all ln harness and everything Indicates an era
of prosperity for tbe U. B. for the next
six months.
Bro. Margarell has been elected
president of the Building Trades, and
Delegate King of the Plumbers has
been elected business agent of the
same. It
Since the resignation of Webb as
business agent of the Building Trades,
i it appears to many who contribute to
| the support of the organization that It
has been merely a figurehead catering
I to the whims and caprices of a few.
i If anything Is to be deplored, it Is the
j short-term business agency. Any
brother who accepts - such office,
whether he be Imported from the mainland, or Is chosen from Its own membership, should do so with a singleness ot purpose, viz.: the unionizing
of the non-union forces of the city.
If any business agent accepts the office
simply for the emoluments tbat accrue
to him, It were far better, for both
contractors and wage-earners, that the
office remain vacant; but with Bro.
King representing the Building Trades,
unfettered and unmuzzled, we see
lai-Re things in store for the council.
There is a large Influx of carpenters,
mostly nonunion, coming both from
the States and mainland. At the last
meeting the United Brotherhood received four initiates and five clearances, resulting in a steady Increase
of members. Delegate Wall of the
Building Trades has recently taken
out Mb clearance and returned to the
States, while several have made their
wry to the mainland.
Bro, Mrars, who has been confined
to the hn-ipltul, Ib again about the
streets, ns is also Bro. Pfennig.
The committee on by-laws has reported and the draft has come up for
tbe aecond reading. The third reading, however, will not be reached for
some time, owing to the drafting of a
All In all the local union Is doing
Pres. Craig Snapped as He Relates Stories of the One
He Didn't Get.
(President Clgarmakers' Union.)
The photo herewith was taken on a
fishing trip up the Seymour Creek,
where a few Bteelhead trout can be
killed providing you have good luck
and do not lose the big one. The
clgarmakers are known for their aptitude in the piscatorial art. The stories
they tell of their battles with gamey
sea trout and greased lightning steel-
heads sre truly marvelous, as this
photo would indicate. No good trout
artist will exaggerate the number or
size or his catch, and the clgarmakers
live up to the rule, notwithstanding
the remarks passed by the members
of the B. C. Mountain Climbing club,
that we are frequenters of the Billings,
gate fish market. .
Mr. Wood, the subject of the photo,
who is merely explaining the big one
he lost, holds the championship so far
this year. He killed one 14% lb.
steelhesd In May.   If I were to tell
Edmonton Labor World.
The organized labor movement at
Edmonton, Alta., is reported in fair
condition. The Hotel and Restaurant
Employees, organized about a year
ago, and wblch recently had a flare-up
with the central labor body and withdrew Its affiliation with the international, Is reconsidering its action, and
It Is expected matters will be adjusted shortly. The Laborers' union,
too, has withdrawn from their international, and, like Vancouver, seem unable to "stay put" anywhere. The
Plasterers are on strike with prospects
for a settlement good. Altogether,
there Is much being done, much to do
and much undone; The TradeB and
Labor Council will send a delegate to
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada convention at Guelph, Ont,
which convenes on Sept. 9th, If funds
can be raised.
Shinglers Join Brotherhood.
Tho Vancouver Shinglers' union,
which has been in existence for some
years as a national union, haa voted
unanimously ln favor of taking a charter from the Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Bob Craig relating; hla days' Ashing ex.
parlance to Ut. Wood, a fallow union
where, all those amateur fishermen in
the printers' union would come up and
frighten the fish away.
John C. Peuser, better known as the
"Dolly Varden Kid," Is ln the Jim Jef-
ferles' cIsbs this year, he can't come
back. He thinks that eruption up in
Alaska had something, to do with it,
and the moon has not been quite satisfactory for spoon fishing. He has a
catalogue on fly fishing now and can
name the whole 57 varieties snd when
to use them.
Did you ever meet one of those fly
fishermen on the creek, a real cham*
plon from Washington state, or the
prize winner on the Richtbuctco and
hear them talk files? It makes one'
feel how Insignificant one's knowledge
of trout fishing Is. Many times I've
been tempted to quit the game after
listening to one of those champions
talk. Should J. C. ever reach tbe top
rung of the ladder in fly fishing my
outfit Is for sale cheap.
Wage-workerB will be Interested to
have the assurance of tbe dally press
financial pages that the "financial
panic Ib about over."
Amalgamated Carpenters.
Things are going along pretty good
with "Tbe Animated" and while we
are not getting everything we want,
like the sharks, we are able to snap
up a little every once ln a while.
According to reports for the year
ending 1911, our union paid out tho
following amounts in benefits to members and their relatives in various
parts of the world where the English
language is spoken. Unemployed benefit, $186,670; sick benefit, 8163,065;
death benefit, 136,320; tool benefit,
«14,646; strike and lockout benefit,
$18,725; accident benefit, $14,725; su-
peranuatlon benefit, $275,660; grants
to members and other trades from
contingent fund, $14,260, making a total distribution in 52 years of $18,-
881,560. In the Old Country our membership Is Increasing ln leaps and
bounds under tbe active administration of voluntary organizing committees, and ln several cities an Increase
ot wages has been secured without
adopting any drastic measures. Our
general executive board have recently
had a joint conference with the chief
officers of the general Union ot Carpenters in Great Britain, for the purpose of trying-to amalgamate the two
bodies together; but after a good
general discussion on various clauses
in each constitution, It appears to us
that there Is every prospect of an
amicable arrangement being arrived
at after our General Council meet next
year. It is gratifying to know that
the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners didn't go to the British Trades Congress and get them to
pass a resolution compelling "The
General Union ot Carpenters" to consolidate themselves with our body
simply because they are numerically
weaker, which Is very much the case
between the two carpenters' unions
in this part ot the globe. Mr. Editor,
most of us believe In solidarity, bur
as the old proverb soys, "there are
other ways of choking a pig, besides
doing It with butter," Locally, tricks
are all right; only our boys would be
kept at work steadier If the lumber
merchants wouldn't let the material
go on strike bo often.
VICTORIA, Aug. 1.—Some tuns ago
tbe coal diners on Vancouver Islam
Joined the United Mine Workers of
America, and the question arose of
what to do with the Chinese employed
in snd around this mines.
The international executive board
decided thst the Chinese must be organized, but were in no hurry at the
beginning, until ths whits miners hsd
msde a fair showing, believing that if
the Chinamen were organised too
quickly they might become Impatient
and drop out, owing to lack of immediate results.
Acting on instructions of the inter
national president, because of representations made and requests for sn
organiser, George Pettigrew was sent
to Victoria to Interview the Immigration Department, about the middle of
May. The question of bringing ln
Chlness organisers was taken up. The
men were at Rock Springs, Wyoming,
where they are all organised and have
had their wages raised from $1.(5 to
$8.10, and were secured with difficulty.
The organisers secured the consent
of their employers to a three months'
leave of absence. But when I. B. M.
Pettigrew 'went for them shout Juns
15th the bosses had reduced the layoff
to ten days. Then another organiser
was arranged for, and he reached
Seattle on June 19th, only to find
that the U. M. W. ot A. bad to deposit $1000 in his name and wait a
month for return papers from Wssh-
Ington, D. C.
The papers having arrived last
week, Organiser Pettigrew went to
Seattle on July 21 to accompany the
Chinese organiser to Victoria, reaching here yesterday.
The terms arranged at the time
were that Mr. Pettigrew, being a
British subject, could have a man
brought along with him to act as an
Interpreter, on a bond of $600; this
to be refunded upon his return.
Mr. Pettigrew called at the Depart,
ment offices here on Monday, and arrangements were msde to have sn
official at the boat upon its srrivai
yesterday, the conditions being tbe
same as ln the middle of Hay. Upon
arrival the two went to tbe Department offices only to be confronted
with a new proposition, namely, that
the Chinese organiser, being designated as a laborer on his United
States papers, could not be allowed to
land. This because a new Interpretation ot the Act bad been given, and
the officers "must comply with the
law," a copy of which Is given herewith:
-   •       (Copy)
Emigration Branch.  -
Victoria, B. C, July 31,1912.
Mr. Geo. Pettigrew, Esq.
Dear Sir: I beg to Inform you that
a recent decision given about two
months ago of (he Dominion Government is to the Sect that Chinese are
not permitted to come from any country than their own, namely, China,
unless he Is a merchant, and then only
passing through from port to port,
Yours truly,
Controller ot Chinese.
Mr. Pettigrew was accordingly Instructed to return with his companion, tbe latter being kept locked up
for the night.
To The Federatlonist correspondent
Mr. Pettigrew said this morning:
"During my conversation with the
immigration authorities I asked the
officer In charge why a man designated as a laborer could land from
China and not from the United
States. He told me thst 800 had
landed each week during the past two
Org. Trotter at Prince Albert, 8ask.
Org, W. R. Trotter of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, has sue-
ceeded ln organizing a central labor
body at Prince Albert, Sask., with six
of the seven unions affiliated and the
remaining one certain to come in
later. Not only has the new Trades
and Labor Council organized, but,
right off the bat, will send a delegate
to the Guelph Congress convention.
A new local of the International Typographical Union has been planted at
Prince Albert, Sask., as a result of the
visit of Org. W. R. Trotter of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
The charter list comprises fifteen
members. In all probability First
Vlce.Presldent Tracy will be asked to
visit the new union after the close of
the Cleveland I. T. U. convention this
1.—The amount of coal produced by miners here for the
month of June was 60,226 tons.
One thousand men are employed
in and around the mines. The
company receives $8 per ton
for its cosl. Assuming thst the
average wage of the men runs
to $3 a day, it will he found
that the "takings" of the company amount to some $400,000
for the month. Much of the
coal, sold at San Francisco,
brings $12.50 per ton.
Over 500 of the men employed
receive less than $3 per day.
The Miners' Magazine Bays that any
who may havo repudiated the Idea of
hell should visit the plants of the steel
"The persecution of labor Ib but
driving nails In the 'coffin of capitalism."
"Moral suasion never brought about
a revolution."
weeks and that two more boats wees)'
to land this Week. I asked htm If he
"complied with the law" In seeing
that those men hsd |M0 or U sosse
corporation put It up. He repUad
that it was neither his business Mr
mine, but said: Ton workers aad
union men sre always jealous ead
grumbling. He aaksd It we were so
much Interested in the Chinese why
should we bring one mors la aad
were prepared to bond him, too, lor
"This ought to be a lessen to the
men In the unions who are opposed
to politics being discussed, hy showing them that tha employing etass
not only make the laws, hit; eta pat
new Interpretations on them as they
plsase, to prevent organisation.
Howsvar, we will asanas* to organise the Chlness somehow, (a spits of
every obstacle.
Nelson Retail Clerks' Union.
Tbat the formation ot a Retail
Clerks' Union will do much to cause
labor men to purchase In the city la-
stead of from mall order houses Is the
statement ot George H. Hardy, secre-
tary ot Nelson- Trades aad Uhor
Cuoncll. "Money has left the city in
large quantities from tha working
people to mall order arms because the
unions had no guarantee that Vocal
clerks were better paid than ln the
mall order houses. The retail clerks
have now organised and 'claimed recognition In the labor movement aad
central labor body, and the unity spirit
will demand that the workers of Nelson carrying union cards spend their
money with members of the Retail
Clerka' Association. I believe this will
mean the retention In Nelson of considerable hard cash that previously
has gone to build up other cities."
"Non-Partlasn" Milwaukee.
The supporters ot the non-partisan"
administration in ths city ot Milwaukee are now beginning to Bad oat
what non-partisan means. At a recent
meeting the civic "fsthers" granted a
permit to the Chain Belt Company to
extend their factory, which wu protested by the socialists on account Of
its being a violation ot the building
•treet Railway Employees
System is necessary In the sate aad
useful operation of cars. System requires axed rules.' It is a manager's
business to authorise sate, profitable,
set rules of operation. It a rule is
regarded by any member aa not contributing to safe aad profitable operation or otherwise objectionable, It Is
tbe member's duty to take up the rule
for discussion with the officers ot the .
local or ln a meeting ot the local aid
point out lta defects or the objections
to It If It Is concluded that It Should
be modified or revoked, it le the duty
ot the officers of the local to take tt
up with the management ot the company and bring about a mutual under,
.landing relative to its operation or
annulment. It Is not wise tor any one
member to disobey or ignore a rule
Issued by the management Ills raise
should be observed until modified or
changed in the regular way through
the efforts of the local or its officers.
The member who threatens to withdraw from bis locsl Division because
he thinks that a grievance Is not adjusted to bis liking or perhaps because
a wage adjustment does not reach up
to hts expectations should remember
that without his organisation and In
an unorganised state, he would aot
have even the privilege of voting "no"
upon the proposition. In fact, where
no union prevails, no employe bas anything to say what his wsges shall be;
under what conditions he shall work
istled than they are when, through or.
and his complaints would go less sat-
ganlzotion, he Is permitted to indulge
bis displeasure. If unorganised he
should render a kick, it would rebound and kick him off the job. No
one knows that better than the man
who kicks against his union.—Motor-
man and Conductor.
Coast Shipping.
Victoria B. C„ fair; Vancouver, B.
C, medium; Tacoma, Wn., dull, prospects uncertain; Seattle, Wn., medium; Port Townsend, Wn., medium,
prospects uncertain; Aberdeen, Wn.,
shipping snd prospects good; Port-
lend, Ore., dull, quite a few men a-
shore; Eureka, Cat., fair, prospects
uncertain; San Pedro, Cal, slacking
up, not many vessels In port; Honolulu, H.I., dull, prospects poor; San
Francisco, fair.
Buck Brand
"Not a  Raw
Seam in the
Ask Your Dealer for Them
Price Right; Quality Right
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons
SATtftDAir  .AWGtJfctt SV 1912
Traders Bank of
□ Canada □
113 Branches in Canada
Paid-up Capital
and Surplus $ 0,550,000.00
Total Assets-   50,000,000.00
Special Attention Given
Savings Accounts
Deposits of 91.00 and
upwards     recoived
and interest allowed
at current rates
One Dollar Will .Open An
Vancouver Branch
Hastings Street, Comer of Homer
Opsin Saturday Even-
Inge 7 to 9
The Royal Bank
off Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $   7,500,000
Reserve 8,500,000
Total Assets 114,000,000
One Dollar will open    '
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized - $10,000,000.00
Capital Paid-up - 6,000,000.00
RsasnaFaad    -    -   6,000,000.00
interest allowed'on deposits
of ONE  DOLLAR and upwards PROM DATS OF
Main Office-640 Hastings
Street West.  •
Hastings and  Abbott St.
Bratreh — 84 Hastings
Street West.' '.
Fairview Branch — 2013
Granville Street S.
Main Street Branoh—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
More Money
A definite practical plan
for accumulating money
is to deposit a Stated
Sum, eaoh week or
month, in the
It is not so muoh the
as it is tho regularity.
Start an Account WUh
V* Today
Secretaries of all unions in British
Columbia are requested to assist The'
Federatlonist by acquainting It with
Items of Interest to wage-workers.
Something New
If you are ruptured you should
have the best. This means that
you are looking for a new Johnston Appliance.
Writs or Csll for Information
Private l'itttiig Rooms
The Johnson Truss Mfg.
Phone Sey.   f»«
6700        bO
594 Richards
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
Issued every Saturday morning.
Sfanafi&ff Editor: 88. varmater Vattlploes
Office:   Boom 810, X>abor Temple
SaL far. 3SSO.  .
Subscription:    81.00 per year;   in Vancouver City. 81.25;   to unions subscribing in a body. 75 cents.
1 inch, per issue 75c      80.75
2 inches, per issue 70c        1.40
3 inches, per issue 60c 1.
4 inches, per Issue 65c        2._.
5 inches and upwards 50c '       2.60
Transient advertisements, 10c per line:
subsequent insertions.  Re ner line;   14
lines to the Inch.
Correspondence from unions and unionists  invited.	
'Unltr of Labor; the bops of the world."
'V PAPER. If this number la on tt
your subscription expires nest Issue.
A Nanalmo critic finds fault with
The Federatlonist because it "Is not
the organ of the Social Democratic
party.'" The Federatlonist pleads
guilty Nor is tt the "organ" of any
other political party. The Federation-
let is owned by The Federatlonist,
Ltd., Incorporated under tbe Companies' Act of this province, and owned jointly by the B. C. Federation of
Labor and Vancouver TradeB and Labor Council. Insofar as the last con.
ventlon of the B.. C. Federation of
Labor submitted the question of an
endorsatlon of tbe Principles of Socialism to its 16,000 members, and
those principles were overwhelmingly
endorsed, the political policy ot The
Federationist has been defined. But
no decision has yet been made as to
what organisation would be chosen by
the membership to reflect or. champion
those principles. It may be that the
% C. Federation ot Labor and through
It the Trades and Labor Council, will
decide to give political expression to
the legislative needs and requirements
of Its membership itself at the next
convention.. That remains for future
decision. Meantime The, Federatlonist Is an open forum through which
the wage-workers of British Columbia
may give expression to what may be, in
their opinion, the solution of problems
with which they are confronted. While
on the subject, It may not be-out of
place to observe that It will require
more than a "letter head" political
organisation to meet tbe requirements
ot the case. At the present writing
there are no other kinds of workers'
political parties doing business In
British Columbia. Be the cause what
It may, this fact must be faced as a
fact. And Just what the B. C. Federation of Labor may be compelled to
do under such circumstances, is not
tor The Federatlonist to say, until, a
pronouncement of tbe memberships'
representatives at the Victoria convention next January. Meanwhile, the
columns of The Federatlonist are open
tor a discussion of this or any other
subject calculated to hasten the day
of Industrial freedom.
"Everybody's out camping!" Sure.
Are you one of them? It not, why
Vacant stomachs should be of more
Interest to the workers of Canada
than the discussion ot vacant lots.
Workingmen will be pleased to
learn tbat sweeping changes are to be
made In the 1913 models of automobiles.
If union officers were unanimously
acceptable to some of the bunches
that call themselves' unions In this
country, then they ought to be embalmed.
Some two hundred workingmen are
Incarcerated In the filthy Jails ot British Columbia for no other crime than
striking against conditions imposed by
slave-herding railway contractors.
So long as corporations own the machine and maintain tbat ownership
by getting busy on election day, and
keeping busy between election days,
the working class will be compelled
to accept the laws of a labor market,
Tbe Federatlonist Is arranging for a
series of photos Illustrating Premier
McBride's "White British Columbia,"
taken on railway work between Vancouver and New Westminster.
Too many bartenders are but stool-
pldgeons for detective agencies, a position that Is forced upon tbem by the
fact that their licenses are Jeopardized
unless they "come through." Great
The best possible thing that could
happen the American Federation of
Labor would be the execution of the
court's decision to send Gompers,
Morrison and Mitchell to Jail. Nothing would be more calculated to Jolt
The Bank of
Cspitsl & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to yon and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bunk that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St West
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    .    ■  'B.O.
the membership Into the correct line
of action.   Lay on Macduff!
Tbe scramble for markets Is the
basis of all modern wars. All a question of what employers are to do with
the surplus values they steal from the
workers through the wage system-
No use ot robbing the workers unless
the robbers can cash in on the swag.
It now develops that J. n. McN'mi-
ara, Imprisoned at San Quentln, was
promised freedom if he came through
with Information sought by the Burns
Detective Agency. The ramifications
of United States justice are calculated
to make one dizzy, If an attempt be
made to follow them.-
A British syndicate, entitled the
"Services Canadian Lands, Ltd.," has
purchased 13,000 acres of land In the
Nicola Valley, on wblch are to be
"planted" retired officers snd men
from the Imperial Forces. This must
be the embyro of the corps of mercenaries which the present system of
capitalist production Is bound to bring
Into being in an attempt to uphold its
tottering structure.
The industrial condlt'ons ln a gro>"-
tng city like Vancouver clearly indicate the other side ot the dollar mark.
The employment pf girls and women
In many factories, mills, restaurants,
hotels, departmental stores, etc., at
ridiculously low wages and unfit working conditions Is driving many working girls to the brothels, at present
aided and abetted by tbe civic government.
No sooner Is the announcement of
the Grand Trunk Pacific railway construction camps strike heralded by tbe
dally press than comes word that police forces are being rushed to the
scene by the governmental executive
of the employers, to overawe and beat
the rebels Into subjection. For such
is the "railway policy" of governments,
voted for and made possible by working class votes.
It taxes the dally press of Great
Britain to keep the workers' minds
from internal affairs, especially the attempt to demand an opportunity to
earn a living. The German war scare
Ib worked overtime, but without the
desired result. The demands of the
workere will not down. Strangely
enough, the workers of Great Britain
have about made up their minds to refuse to starve to death; a problem
that Is keeping the politicians ln hot
The B. C. press In some quarters regrets to note tbat several outlaws and
murderers are still at large In this
province, including a couple of Indians
who killed off a policeman or two.
Truth to tell, the police are so busy
"protecting" the interests of employers against rebellious strikers and
"free speechers" that they have no
time to attend to catching. bank robbers and murderers. Even at that a
man has to be pretty drunk before a
B. C. policeman can catch him.
As a result of (he Liberal party ln
England having contested a Beat hitherto held by the Laborltes, the latter
are now placing candidates in every
constituency opened for an election,
much to the discomfiture of the Lib.
erals. In fact the Liberals have lost
one seat already as a result of the
new policy. Tbe Liberals have forced
the Laborltes to do what should have
been done long ago, namely, go it a-
lone. The working-class have nothing
to expect from any but the working-
The Toledo Union Leader issues a
timely warning to unionists to beware
of spies ln the ranks. Thewage-work.
ere should have nothing to fear in this
direction. There Is nothing secret
about our organisations, and so far as
secrecy is concerned the business of
unions might just as well be conducted on the public highways of the
country. Spies there are and will be,
but if the membership could be Induced to take sufficient Interest in
tbelr meetings to "run the union"
there need be very little fear of traitors. The majority will somehow or
other stumble onto the correct line
of action. The real danger rests In
allowing a few to dominate the affairs
ot unions. The fault does not rest
with the "few," but with those who
permit such practices to prevail.
Unions are what the membership
make them.
Our national system of education
bas many obvious defects, but unquestionably it has raised the average
Of intelligence among the people, and
this, conjoined with the administrative
experience from their work in trade
unions, co-operative societies, friendly
societies, and other agencies, has
given the working classes a fitness
and an aptitude for taking part In the
industrial evolution that is ln progress. The spread of knowledge and
the growth of Intelligence are causing
the working classes not only to feel
but to see, that whatever is not necessarily right. Discontent may Btlil be
as rife and acute, but It is not accompanied with the despair, hopelessness
and helplessness of former days; It Is
conscious of Its grievances, and Is bent
on having remedy and redress. Studying the elements and causes of discontent and devising ways and means of
social betterment—such are the things
to which an Increasing number of the
working classes are giving their leisure hours.—Anthony Fairfax.
The annual necessity for "harvest
hands" Is presenting a problem to the
prairie farmers thst will solve Itself,
sooner or later, In the introduction of
machinery that will replace hand labor. In Ifact, to a large degree this
has already been accomplished. It Is
now possible for a few men to till and
harvest the wheat crops that a few
years ago would have been Impossible.
With the Introduction of the modern
gasoline engine, plow, harvester, seeder, thresher, etc., the question resolves
itself Into one merely of additions and
Improvements. With' the transformation the lite of tbe small farmer will
become even more hazardous, presenting problems that will compel a great
mass of the workers of Canada to join
with their fellow workers ln the wage-
workers' organized labor movement to
press for a solution. And thus the
forces of capitalism continue to dig
the grave of the present social system. Let the good work go on. It's
a hard, cruel road, but the only one
to which the workers will respond.
So long as the workers are content
to slave It for the capitalist class and
go hungry; and then clothe that class
with all the political power In the
land, endorsing election after election
the system under which they are robbed, the system that gives them—
whenever they struggle for better living conditions—tbe policeman's club,
the militiaman's bullet, the Judge's In
junction and tbe jailer's "free" lodging, so long as the working class does
all this, there is no hope of betterment. But the moment the working
class wakes up, realizes wbat It is up
against, and realizes also its tremen-
uoub power, there Is not only hope,
but deliverance Is near. The workers
will then make for the final aim of the
labor movement, viz., the overthrow
of the capitalist system, the re-taking
of the instruments of production for
the common good, the abolition of
wage-slavery and the establishment of
the co-operative commonwealth. And
on the way to this goal, the working
class, gathering strength as it marches
on, will use Its political power for
progressively Improving its condition,
backing up its struggles on the economic field, smiting Its foes, rooting out
from its ranks the agents of the capitalist, who have so long a time insidiously betrayed it.—The People.
"The working class, In order to be
able to produce wealth, must first
have the use ot the tools ot production
to work with, such as machinery, factories, mines, railroads, steamships,
etc.; it must have raw materials to
work upon, and it must have access to
the land. The working class has none
of these. The capitalist class, though
It never built a machine, forged a tool,
dug a mine, constructed a railroad,
steamship or factory, nor created the
land, has ln Its possession all these,
and Ib, by virtue of such possession,
enabled to dictate terms to the work-
in? class—and It does dictate terms."
Workers who talk rhout the unionists being dominated by "leaders'
should note the way the strikers lh
Great Britain are at present being led.
Or Is It that tbe "leaders" are being
driven? There are no "lenders" ln
the Labor movement. There may be
prominent workers wbo are classed
as such by tbe capitalist press; but no
man can lead the working class for
more than a week. Just one mistake,
and he gets beheaded. One of the
usual rewards of a "leader," ln a commodity-selling organization Is that of
being unable to find a purchaser for
his own commodity, after getting
Cards Inserted for $1.00 a Month
dent, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Geo. A. Burt, B. D. Grant, J. H. McVety.
II. P. Pettlplece, J. Roberts, C. Siverts,
.1. J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R, Mldgley,
Mocts In annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1912-13; Presl-
Box 1195. Vancouver.
Meets first and third Thursdays,
Executive board: J. W. Wilkinson, John
McMillan, R. Parm Pettlplece, Jaa.
Campbell,.R. L. Gardner, Fred A. Hoover, J. Kavanagh, J. H. McVety, S. Kernighan.
every Monday. President, P. Sabln;
vice-president, Jas. Bltcon; business
agent and secretary, John , McMillan,
Room 208. Hours 8 to 8, 18 to 1, 4:80 to
6.   Sey. 9406.
—Meeta second Monday in month.
Preaident E. Jarman; vice-president,
George MoWai; secretary, A. R, England.
P. O. Box 66,
Dlreotors: Fred A. Hoover. 3, R,
r»*v  t<.~— « rard Lothian
Portland Unions Crowing.
Reports from Portland, Ore., are to
the effect that   organised   labor   Is
growing more' rapidly than ever before.
Woodstock Printers Fight.
Woodstock, Ont., printers   hsve   a
fight on, one or two offices having declared for "open shop," thst Is, closed
to union men.
Eastern Unionists Organise,
Truro, Nova Scotia, unionists are
discussing the formation of a Trades
and Labor Council. They also Intend
to celebrate Labor Day with a mass
'Twero Better—for Hsnford.
Judge Hanford, Washington state,
is to be permitted to resign without
being tried on Impeachment charges,
brought at the lrslunce of Victor Ber-
ger, Socialist congressman.
Seattle Street Railwaymen Organize.
Seattle street railway employees,
after many attempts, have succeeded
ln planting a division of the International union that looks as though It
would stay put this time. The organisation is of particular interest to Vancouver, New Westminster and Victoria
Divisions, who are a part ry and closely affected by the condition on street
railways tn the Pacific Northwest.
A Worthy Object Lesson.
Almost without a dissenting vote,
the Chicago Federation ot Labor has
called upon the unions affiliated with
that organisation to assess every
member ten cents for the support of
the Chicago Evening World. This action Is one of the most progressive
that has ever been taken in the history of the American labor movement
And It Is one that should be taken note
of by every unionist In the Dominion,
Urges That Delegates Be 8ent.
Says the official journal of the A. A.
of S. and E. R. E. of A., Motorman
and Conductor: The 28th annual session ot the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada will convene In the
Armouries Building, Huskisson street,
Guelph, Ont, beginning at 10 o'clock
Monday morning, September 9, The
call Is Issued by President James C.
Watters, Vice-President Fred Bancroft
and Secretary-Treasurer P. M. Draper.
All locals are urged to attend. The
convention will be of vast Importance
as It will have many, vital matters
before It for consideration.
Sec Perry Taylor a Visitor.
Secretary Perry Taylor, of the
Washington State Federation of
Labor, with headquarters at Ta-
coma, was a visitor ln Vancouver
for a few hours on Monday lost.
Tbe Federation Is carrying on a
vigorous campaign of organization. It
might be mentioned that the per capita tax to the Washington labor body
Is 10 cents per month, as compared
with two cents now levied by the B. C.
Federation of Labor, and only raised
to that figure last month from one
cent, Hence the possibility of keeping organizers In the field and attending to union business.
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Sey. 955
Direct Importers of
Twinkle Scotch
, Whisky
to all
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
Everything for tho Home in our
Kitchen Ranges
Our pride and specialty
Carpenters' Tools
Builders' Supplies
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent. 3, A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 5 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm. Manson, 928 Raymur avenue.
Bran chen meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room 804.
tloners'  Local No,  48—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:10 mm. Pres-
rB   Ident,   J.   KInnaIrd;   cor-
^9nWB_\f   responding  seorttary,   W.
,wni*Trttm.   Rogers, Room 220, Labor
Temple;  financial  secretary,  P.   Robinson.
first and third Wednesdays, 8:80 p.m,
President C. E. Herri tt; recording sec
detary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business agent, O, F. Burkhart, 489 Abbott
Street.    Sey. 3170.
Meets first and third Sundays of
each month, 2:80 p.m., Room 80S. President, Chas. Lehr; secretary, Richard Dal-
ton; treasurer, Wm. Motttshaw. Sey.
and Joiners, Local No. 817—Meet*
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday. 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; laaaclal secretary, L.
H. Burnham, Boow 144.   Sey. 1880,
and Jotaet*. South Vancouver No,
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday. 8 p.m. President.
Wm. Robertson: recording secretary, B.
T. Phillips, Colllngwood East; financial
secretary, J. A. Dickenson, South Van.
couver P. O.; treasurer, Robert Lindsay,
Cedar Cottage.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business asent, W. 8, Dagnall, Room
216._Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 863 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser. 1161 Howe Street.
Meets first Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J. Craig: secretary, J. C. Peuser, Kurts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. Johnson,
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver, Local sec-treas., A, T. Qberg,
Box 482, or 1008 Burrard street.
218—Meets every Monday. 8 p.m.
President, H. H. Durant; recording secretary, B. S. Morris; flnanolal secretary,
H. Lauder; treasurer, Sam Cawker; busi-
ngsj agent, E. L. McMillan, Room 207.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Frl-
tlnv Room 206 8 p.m. President S. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent. F. L, Est-
Inyliausen, Room 202.   Sey. 2848.
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J, Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 426 Dufferln street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 t 82—Meets
every Friday evening. , Room 807, 8
o'clock. President. B. Hughes; secretary,
T, Nixon, 740 Powell Street.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Robt, Thompson; recording
secretary, J, Brookes; flnanolal secretary,
J.-H. McVety.   Sey. 8360,  	
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H, Murry; financial secretary, F, J. Harris,
Ekene Thompson, Sub. P.O. No. 8; business agent, W. J, Nagle.
every Tuesday,  8 p.m., Room  221.
President,   T.   Burkes;   secretary,   Mike
Knelling, 882 Richards street.
No. 280—Meets every^Thursday. 7:30
p.m., Room 302, President, H. Spear:
recording secretary, Jas. Jamleson, 921
Drake .street;, financial secretary, Ed,
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; corresponds- secretary, James Ray-
burn ^onan^biljewetaryi_Wm. Jardlne.
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, eecond and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m, and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Bnhofleldl recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 18. City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive,
178—Meetings held first Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. President H. Nord-
Inml; secretary, W, W. Hooken, P.O. Box
603; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
cal No. 62—Meets first and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville: secretary, P. O, Hoeuke,
Suite 2. 1203 Woodland drive.
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:80
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president. G, W. Palmer; secretar v-trear
urer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
"Man was born for two things—thinking and acting."—Cicero.
Look at the Label
tj It is not a Jaeger Shirt unless it bears the name. Because of its lasting quality and
distinct style of fabric and
oolorings, the JAEGER shirt
has become immensely
T. B. Cuthbertson
345 Hsstings W.  «30 Orsnvlll.
tit Hsstings W.
Clothing for Workingmen
OOBSVBOT TMOVniMM—Mnde of a narrow rib American cord and
in several shades of fawn; made In outing style, with belt loop
and cuffed bottoms or regular cut   Price 83.00 aad 1376
BBDTOSS COBD TBOPllM—These are intended for men that need ,
a strong, cool trouser; made of drab colored cord and with Ave
pockets.   Price ■Mw
WXXPOOKD TSOVIBM-r-These are made of a very strong whipcord   ■
and a greenish gray shade; made with belt loops, Bide stripe, cuffed
bottoms and five pockets.   Price  13,80
OTBBALL PAVTS— Blue or black denim; four pockets; buttons can
not pull off.   Price .. .\ fLOO
*X> OTBBALLg—In blue or black, or blue with white stripe; full
bib, good and stout suspenders.   Price   11.00
sTAOKBTB to macth above.   Price ..
CAJsVFBBTBM' ABBOBB—Short Aprons, Wo; ton- Aprons, with
three pockets and hammer hold, 75c Long Aprons, with seven
pockets and hammer hold 91.00
CABFEWTEB*' OTIBALLO— Made of heavy brown duok, with double"
fronts; eleven pockets, two hammer holdB.   Price 91.75
David Spencer, Ltd.
VAMTKttJVWt, B. 0.
Campbell's Clothing
—*—is honest clothing
IT stands for real value in quality of cloth, trimmings and workmanship—and is guaranteed to
keep its shape.
Just take a look at your own. Does it fit on the
shoulders and around the collar t Has it held its
proper shape- in front! That is where Oampbsll'i
Clothing Btands in a class by itself.  Ltt ut ihow yon.
"f*\%_m\\—*f- 7fo Campbell Clothing Man
V/naniDerS^j Hastings Street East
Our Boy's
When buying a suit for the boy
remember we are agents for
"Lion Brand"
They are Suits that will hold
red-blooded athletic boys, at
a price that will hold the attention of thrifty-minded
Clubb gjj Stewart
—!   AND 	
Building Hardware, General
Hardware, Tools for the Carpenter, Cement Worker, Machinist, Plasterer, Bricklayer
l/awn   Mowers,   Rakes
Spades and Hose snd sit
requisites to make your
home neat and tidy
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 684
Simonds Saw
We would Remind You ihe
Simonds Saw is the Best Saw
that can be Made
Sola AaySU for Vaacauwr
111 Hsstings tt W.
Phons Seymour 20)4
The Home of High-Clsii
Where Everybody Goes
When You Do Drink Beer
See thst it is drawn (rom a keg bearing
this label
Nineteen Children
once remarked that he saw no
merit In the saying. "Keeping
everlastingly nt It brings sue-
cess," Perhaps not. Some Ideas
run to large families—others, run
to dollars and cents. Here's something for the latter kind to think
There are 450 printers In Vancouver. Printers get 926 to ?33
fer week. Saturday comes and
hese men have over $10,000 to
spend. They spend It with the
merchant that patronise them.
Don't you want a share of this?
Demand the printers' label on all
your work and you will be on the
road to getting your share of
their business.
See thai this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
•J It Stands for all thai Union
Labor Slsnds for.
order s suit come in
snd look over our
stock. Use the label
Dealer, in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Castings snd Repair. Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Week End Trips
Every workingmen needs rest and change. It's true he can't
take a winter trip to Southern California or en extended trip
to the resorts in the rockies, but he should, as for as his time
and money permits, get away from the city from time to time
for a day or so, taking his family for a pleasant outing
It is to meet the workingmsn's case thst the B. C. E. R. Co. hss
arranged (or week-end trips, at reduced rates, over ihe Fraser
Valley division of its lines during the summer. Special tickets on
sale Saturday and Sunday, good lo return Monday.
Round Trip from Vancouver is only $2.80
Trains leave Carrall Street station at 8:30 a.m.; 1:15 and 5
p.m, Trains returning (rom Chila'wack are so timed' that the
round trip may be made in a day with a stopover of several hours
Lighter Underwear
Including a complete range of summer, vests, with or without
sleeves, ln Swiss ribbed or porous knit cotton or lisle thread; some
plain and others are with lace yokes; many styles; at 25c, 35c
and 50o.
Women's union suits In every wanted style, ln fine Swiss cotton
lisle thread, silk or union at prices ranging from 50c to $8,50 a
Including cotton, lisle or union vests, drawers and combinations, In
all slses and styles, at from 25c to $2.25.  :
(Matt BrpnaU, Eittttfrt.
575 Gramllle Street
Vancouoer, R C.
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific snd
Open from  9 a. m.  to 5 p. m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tt Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hssbngs
Cor. Carrall and Cordova
Light and Heavy Horses
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Ask Tour SUtbar for
That dallshtfully refreshing attar
ahave cream.
a. o. aaaaiaa nrrnvr oo.
Waclsaala and SUUU.
sit atoasoa srmsaT
fksae 8SRUU 4401
Berry Bros.
Agent* for Cleveland Cycles,
"Tht Blcycli with th* BtpnUtlon"
Pull line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
•18 XAITIMtH IT. 1.
Phono ••ymour 7503
E. T. Kingsley
"T|ie Bhop where progressive thought is
merged with the
Ten annual sub.   cards tor $7.50;
pay when sold.   Order ten today.
Maria Monk  % .60
The White Slave Traffic... .25
What all Married People
Should Know  2.00
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova W.
The Progressive
Shoe Repair Co.
Open till 8:15 Evenings
Cowan & Brookhouse
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock snd Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 st ihe end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual initalmenu of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial information, Victoria
Electric Light
Can now be Supplied in Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
Exposes Some of the Hypocrides
of Unholy Alliance Between
Old Country and; Panada.
W. B. Trotter, who is at this writing doing good and effective work tor
the Trades and Labor Congress ot
Canada ln the prairie Industrial
centres, has found time to take a rap
at one of the pernicious and mlschlev-
lous effects of the employers' real
idea of Imperialism.' The following
correspondence Is self-explanatory:
Reglna, Saskatchewan, Canada,
Mr. Charles Jackson,
Glasgow Trades Counoll,
■ Glasgow, Scotland. *
Dear Jackson:—
I want you to report Mia following
matter to your Trades Council and also
give the thing publicity In "Forward,"
and such other papers as may be possible.
As you know, too well and have repeatedly warned the workers of Britain,
there Ib a most unholy alliance between
Canadian "Boards of Trade" and British
shipping agents. These Boards of Trade
are not official or Government bodies
but simply employers' associations. I
have Just been ln Saskatoon where the
plasterers are on strike for better conditions. Knowing that a strike was possible the secretary of the Saskatoon
Board of Trade (Maclure Sclanders) has
been asking for plasterers in Scotland,
and, as usual, the shipping agents are
only too glad to get business and do not
tell tbe men they are wanted as strikebreakers. A. M. Henderson was thus
Induced by a man named Ballantync In
Cannock to come to Saskatoon. He received the following letter from Ballnn-
tvne, which shows how the game Is
On arrival here he went to Sclanders, who sent him to a building where
all the plastering work was completed, and this was the only effort made
to place him tn employment, The
secretary of the plasterers' union—a
brother Scot—found him three days
afterwards penniless and without pros
pect and took him in hand.
Henderson wrote back to Ballantyne
complaining about being misled, and
received the following beautiful reply,
in which you will please again note
the tactics of this Saskatoon "Commissioner." The union secretary, not
this employers' tout, found a place for
the man.
■ , Cumnock, 28ra April, 1912.
Mr. James Henderson,
II Hugh Vale,
Dear sir.—Yours as to situation as
plasterer ln Canada to hand. The place
I am presently advertising for tradesmen Is Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The
full fare from Glasgow to that place Is
tll-26, The prospects there are very
bright and the building permits for the
last three years speak for themselves,
being the best assurance of steady work.
In 1908 the building permits amounted
to one million dollars. This In 1910 Increased to about three million nnd last
year had Increased to over five million
dollars. The letter I have Is from the
Commissioner of the Board of Trade ln
Saskatoon and he states the wages for
plasterers from 6s. 8d. to 2s. lid. per
hour, with a nine-hour day, and he assured me that all parties Bent to his
care will be well looked after and placed
on arrival.
I  enclose   you  one   of   their   latest
pamphlets which wtll give you some Information, but I will be pleased to advise
you further on bearing from you.
Yours faithfully,
Per S. H. M.
Cumnock, July 1st, 19....
Mr. James Anderson.
Dear Sir.—I duly received vour letter
dated 5th June, and I need not say that
Its contents more than surprised me.
What made It more so, was the fact that
with your letter came one from the
Board of Trade office of the same date as
your one stating that you had been provided with work and were now comfortably settled.
1 am forwarding your letter to the
Board of Trade office so that full enquiry might be made, and an explanation
sent. I am asking them to get In touch
with you and get at the bottom of the
Personally. I have a feeling that if
you had watted. Bay another week, you
would not have written this letter. You
called at their office on the Monday nnd
wrote tilts letter on Wednesday. The
first week after arrival at your destination I usually, allow for the "home sick
fit" that In nine cases out of ten la experienced. I hope this was so. and that
by the time tills reaches you, you have
got into the swing of the work. I know
>ome young tradesmen who went to
Saskatoon a week or two earlier than you
<l!d from this plnce, ore sending their
friends splendid reports home.
You may, however, depend on me taking up this matter thoroughly, nnd at
the same time I will be pleased to hear
further from you.
Regarding boarding rates. Was it not
*tnted that we did not know the rates
st Saskatoon, but thot boord could be
obtained In the other parts of the Northwest at from lfls. to 20s. per week. The
voung man who took shorthand note of
the letter Is at present on holiday, but
on Ills return I will get him to turn up
this letter. I feel prettv certain tills
was what was said regarding Saskntoon
Yours faltHfullv, _   ,_
This Is not the only esse, as the day
I left there, July 22nd, I met and talked to a young plasterer named Thos.
McQueen, who had been. Induced to
leave Pollockshaws and was directed
to the Board of Trade, Saskatoon, by
an agent named McKay, of 42 St.
Enoch's Square, Glasgow. When he
arrived the strike was on and the
Board of Trade man had the Impudence to send him, not to work, but to
the union strike committee. The situation needs little comment when this
letter Is read by trades unionists.
They will understand it. What Is
needed now Is to publish the names of
these shipping agents, and give them
to understand that if they take orders
for men.from such bodies as Canadian "Boards of Trade" that they are
playing with fire and looking for trouble.
The situation right through Canada
is rapidly becoming one ot continual
warfare with the underground operations of these associations of employers and real estate sharks who masquerade under' the title ot a Board of
Trade. Let the Briton once clearly
understand that they stand ln the same
position and answer very nearly the
description of British "Chambers of
Commerce," and he will then know
enough In most cases to turn a deaf
ear to their persistent endeavors to
have on hand at all times a surplus
amount of labor.
There Is a painters' 'strike on here
In Reglna, and also some trouble ln
the printing trade ln Vancouver. A
strike ot carpenters ln Winnipeg and
another in Calgary, where 1,200 carpenters are out of work,
Four print-shops In Vancouver have
declared for the "open-shop"—that is,
non-union shop. In one of these there
is a young Scot from Glasgow who
once worked on "News" In your city.
He was not found competent to Join
Vancouver union except as a two-
thlrder. He Is now "scabbing" ln that
Yours sincerely,
Org, TradeB Congress of Can.
PAQti tHBJffi
*.. ■. mroLAiro
Who Left for Cleveland Thla Wssk to
Attend L T. V, Convention aa a Dale-
fata from So. ass.   '
In one column the Vsncouver dally
press tells of the "prosperity" of the
country and how all men looking for
work are employed. In the next column appears a report of how the railway contractors were'enabled to pick
up a shipload or two of strike-breakers
in a day or two, Slight contradictions
of this sort are a mighty small matter
to capable and well-trained modern
The Home Builders bo tar aB painters are concerned, observe a sliding
scale of wages. In the aggregate this
company pay less than the union
schedule calls for.
The lockout of unionists by certain
contractors, tn the painting trade Is
still In vogue. Originally lfi card men
were affected, but now all are at work.
The painters demand only a strictly
union shop—or nothing.
Wm. Cowan, father of Harry Oowan,
ex-presldent Trades and Labor Council of this city, Is dead at Ottawa,
aged 82 years.
The residents of Lynn Valley will
celebrate Labor Day with the official
opening of the park and new suspension bridge across the canyon. The
committee consists of Reeve May,
Councillors Erldgman and Westover,
Publicity Commissioner Lawler, 1. M.
Promme, J. Q. Parmer, H. Douglas, J.
Duval, E, V. Stuart, R.'Brown, H.
Thompson, R. L. Thompson, J. Baker,
B. S. Earl, J. Gould, J. W. Bartlett, R.
P. Purdle, S Allman, J, H. English and
H. E. Sharpe.
John O. Smith, ex-presldent of Van
couver Bricklayers' Union, has return
ed from Seattle, where lie has been
located. He reports trade bad; but
prospects are fair.
Frank Ball, the bricklayer who met
with an accident on Thurlow street
three weeks ago, has left St. Paul's
hospital and returned to his home.
He had three ribs broken and will be
unable to go to work for some time.
A. J. Buckley, lately secretary of
Fernle Typographical Union, has left
that district and gone to the coast.
At a meeting of the School Board
on Tuesday night McPhalen Brothers
were the successful tenderers for the
erection of four new eight-roomed
brick school houses at South Vancouver, the aggregate price being 1142,-
400. Union conditions, as far as wages
and hours go, will be observed.
W. S. Dagnall,. business agent for
the bricklayers, states that the brick-
layers and masons are generally well
employed. There were several; new
arrivals from Puget Sound cities this
week.   Prospects are uncertain.
W. S. Armstrong and Alf. H. England, of the Typos, left for Cleveland,
0„ via Victoria and Portland, on
Wednesday, to attend the I. T. U. con
vention which will open there on August 12th.
Ben Bspey,. printer, of Indianapolis,
Ind., has arrived and will locate ln
James McKnlght, of Newcastle Typographical Association, has deposited his traveling card with Vancouver
union, and ln future will reside ln
British Columbia.
Though Duly "Warned," He Failed to Find Horns on Union
Officers in West.
During hut month the Hon. T. W.
Crothers, federal minister of labor,
paid a visit to most of the industrial
centres of Western Canada, for the
purpose of acquainting himself firsthand, with conditions within the Jurisdiction of his department While at
Vancouver he was met by representatives ot the B. C. Federation ot Labor, when a number of questions affecting labor were discussed, with a
view to securing much-desired legislation. That Mr, Crothers has not altogether forgotten some of those with
whom he came In contact with Is evidenced hy the following:
Ottawa, July 22nd, 1912
Dear Mr. Pettlplece: At thla distance I want to express my appreciation for the active part you took to
enable me to learn the views of the
labor representatives at Vancouver,
and I was much pleased with tbe clear
and moderate manner ln which their
views were expressed, especially as I
had been warned not to expect such
moderation. I desire to ssy to you
that at no place ln the West did I
meet representatives of labor who presented their views in sny other-manner. On the contrary, I found them
all, while holding strong convictions,
willing to consider In a reasonable
way conditions as they exist, and to
adopt that course within the law
which gives the greatest promise of
reforms of abuses admittedly existing.
I am very glad to have had an opportunity of meeting, you all, and only
regret that I had hot at my disposal
tor this work three instead o f one
month. {
I wish you would write me directly
on any matters'of Interest, or talk
them'over with Mr. McNIven, the representative of this department at
Vancouver if. you think better to do
Executive Committee, July-December,
President J. Kavanagh
P. O. Box 1253.
Vice-President ,1. McMillan
Labor Temple.
General Secretary—..R. P. Pettlplece
Room 210, Labor Temple.
Treasurer James Campbell
1994 Fourth avenue west.
Sergeunt-at-Arms... .James H. McVety
Room 211 Labor Temple.
Labor Temple.
Trustee P. Hoover
2409 Clark Drive.
Trustee W. J. PIpeB
233 Keefer street
Trustee ..I. W. Wilkinson
p. o. Box hob;
California State Federation.
Tho thirteenth annual convention of
the California State Federation of
Labor will be held In San Diego, Cal.,
on Monday, October 7, 11112, nnd such
successive days as will be necessary
to complete the business of the convention.
Moose Jaw Electrical Workers.
Moose Jaw, Sask., Electrical Workers (Inside) are on strike, and representatives of the bosses aro busy trying to secure non-unionists, hv telegraph, the kind of workmen wllllnir to
meekly accept anything for his labor
and thank heaven for being alive.
The Painters. .
Locals of the Painters' International
Union, Including/ Vancouver, ore asking the executive to submit to referendum the question of asking for larger
Jurisdiction, and also some radical
changes In the Building Trades De-
pnrtment of tho A. F. of I... falling
that, a withdrawal from that organization.
Unionist Acquisition.
B. Simons of the Amnlgomated Cor-
penters' Union, Reglna, and Mrs. Simmons, arrived In Vancouver Thursday
en route to Victoria, where they Intend settling. Bro. Simmons is a Red
and a live unionist, taking an active
interest In everything that speeds
"The Day"
Building Trades Council.
Voncouver Building Trodos Council
has surrendered Its charter to the
Building Trades Department of the
A. F. of L,| discontinued the services
of a business agent In the Held, and
appointed a special committee to interview all the building trades unions
with a view to reorganizing In such a
manner as will avoid jurisdictional disputes.
Csrpsntsr's Mass Meeting,
The Brotherhood of Carpenters began the first of a series of moss meetings at Labor Temple last Wednesday.
The hall was well filled and with
music, speech and song the workers
of the building trades spent a pleasant
evening. Among the speakers were
Messrs. Nagle, Burnham, Grant, Soren-
Bon, Macdonald, Pettlplece and Chapman, the latter a Now Westminster
contractor. Tho Orpheus Choir wob
much appreciated. Other meetings
will be announced later.
Street Railway Employees' Wages.
Division No. 113, Toronto, Ont.
Wage increased 24c per hour. Present rates: First year service men,
23%c per hour; second year, 2Ci4c;
third year, 2754c per hour. Rate of
increase, 10 to 12%. Aggregate annual Increase, (138,000.
Division No. 521, Port Arthur, Ont,
Wage Increased to all classes, lc per
hour. Present rates: - First six
months' service men, 22 cper hour;
second six months, 24c; second year,
26o; third year, 28c; fourth year and
thereover, 30c per hour. Rate of Increase, 4%. Aggregate annual In.
crease, $1,600,
Division No. 279, Ottawa, Ont. Rates
Increased to: First year service men,
214c; second year, 224c; thereover,
26c per hour, with 2c added for Sunday work. Rates increased from:
First year service men, lac; second
year, 20c; thereover, 22c per hour.
Rate of Increase, 14%; Aggregate an-
nual Increase, 129,000,
Division No. 691, Hull, Que. Wages
advanced lc per hour to present rates
of 19c per hour for first two year service men; 20c for second two yesr
service men, 21c per hour to those of
four or more years service. Rate- of
luorease, 6%. Aggregate annual Increase, $1,700.
The aggregate annual Increase that
has obtained to the membership realizing an advance ni wages exceeds
The total number of members to
whom the aggregate annual Increase
comes from the adjustment of wages
during the flrat six months of 1912
reaches above 14,600.
The membership of 44 local Divisions participated ln increases of
wages during the first six months of
During the same period of last year
—1911—the members of 26 locals participated ln Increase ot wages obtained during the period. Those 26 locals
represented 8,000 members of tbe Association. *
It wll) be observed that ln the matter of wage advances, the first half
of the year 1912 has far exceeded the
same period of last year.—Motorman
and Conductor,
Marine Cooks and Stewards.
Seattle, Wn., shipping fair; San
Pedro, Cal.,,shipping good, few men
ashore; San Francisco, Cal., shipping
Thorlelf A. Andersen, No. 1670) a
native of Norway, aged 25, died at
San Francisco, Cal., on July 22, 1612.'-
He was a member of the Sailors' union.
Adolf W. Greth, a member of the
Marine Cooks and Stewards Association of the Pacific Coast, aged 28, native of San Francisco, Cal., died at
San Bernardino, Cal., on June 21,
Saskatoon Wags-Workers' Activities.
Saskatoon, Sask., Trades and Labor
Council has voted to be represented
at the Congress convention at Guelph
next month. As has also the Saskatoon Typo, union, the latter electing
R, Moore. The Plumbers, too, may
send a delegate. Saskatoon Plasterers
are on strike for a 50-hour week and
70 cents per hour. Some of the employers have conceded the demand.
The Painters have succeeded in getting a 6-cent advance,.: giving them
45 cents per hour for a nine-hour day;
conceded,without a strike.
There is a Period when every
man should come to a "full
stop" at
135 Hastings Straet E.
and Cigars
Big Cigtt
Store    <
642 Granville Street
To Builders
Cupboard Turns; reg. |2.00 per dot ............ J .96
Sash looks; reg. $1.26 per.dqit; J .60
Cupboard Catohes; reg. f 1.26 per dot 60
Easy Spring Mortise Looks; reg. 910 per doz.... ,'7,26
Cosement Adjusters; each  .80
BimlookSets; eaoh .;.,...'....'.... .30
Drawer Pulls; per doz, , 40
Remember Honig's Store is the Housewife's Store. Cheapest for all lines in
Groceries, Provisions, Household
Furnishings, and Dry Goods
P m60. Hastings St F Av
OUR $3.50 and $4.00 SHOES
Bright and Dull Leathers
Tans If You Prefer
Tennis Shoes
Orapotite the City Hal
Natsnad She*. Are rr*c>u*nta>
Maid* In Hon-Untost raeterles
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ara
always Non-Union.
Bool <ft She* Worh*ra' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, lists.
J. P. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Baine, See.-Tress.
For any WEAR and every WEAR
For Shoes that WILL WEAR
made of honest
material by
Union Workmen
THE SHOE TjtT ^^ af\ TX  Look for the
si'BCUUHT    If   %^sT %^# ^M  Union Stamp
'  Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
Get Your Money's Worth
Bis: IU B c."       c.u.iv^
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See Province and World eaoh day for full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get tlie benefit of Our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.    A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Whale Brand
''Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
Union • Made
A special cut, made by union
gills, under the supervision ti s
unionist, who thoroughly understands the overall needs and requirements of Vancouver wage
workers. Ask your merchant
for them and look for both the
Union and Whale Brand
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
Women's tnd Men's Hats
Blocked and
For Expert
aad Jeweleiy
G<o. G. Bigger
143 Hastings St. West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
We can furnishl vtwt>.» ut
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
Adjoining Central Park
$50 Cash; $10 a Month
Call at my office or phone
Bey.   1589  for appointment
VaANOOUVJSR,    -    -   B.C.
wAt>iwo»m*s, attbytiovi
Are you tired or working for wages?
Do you want to get away from the daily
grind? If so, will you accept the oppor
tunlty of a lifetime when It Is offered to
you? A company Is being formed to
manufacture the Talbot Toroed Otrmltv
tton Bottu ln Canada. Thla company
U still In Ub Infancy, and a few dollars
Invested In It now" will mean "Blf
IUm?" for you In a short time. This la
truth, and we urge you to Investigate our
You owe It to yourself and those de-
pendent upon you to come to our demonstrating rooms, at 124 Hastings St. W,
and see -this wonderful boiler In opera'
Just think of U!!! It can not explode;
It can not scale; It caa net foaaa er
prime; It Is one-third the siaa aad oae-
half the weight of old stylt boilers, and
It will save 20% In fuel It has already
passed the B. C. Inspectloa, aad Is creating a big demand. This Is not a dream
of the future; the boiler Is proving Itself
to hundreds every day and night.
Get In early while the company Is
forming and get shares at the present
low price. Shares are bound to advance
ln value ln a very short time because of
the enormous profits to be made In the
manufacture of these boilers.
SPECIAL—Mention this paper when
you call. We are making a special offer
to Its readers.
Among the exchanges of the Federatlonist Is the Fortnightly Review, ot
Victoria. It prints ai a caption: "A
journal for old and young, weak and
strong, foo) and knave, heathen and
Christian. Circulation and unlimited
and free to all. the publication haa
merit inasmuch as It carriea no advertisements, and lta criticisms are
fearless and to the point. Ae is pointed out, its readers are nothing if, not
cosmoplltan, and should be numbered
by the thousands. As a free lance, the
letterpress is clean and savory.
ban save a day's pay or more
if you let bim buy new or
seoond hand '
China, Crockery, Graniteware
Hardware' and Stoves from
897 Granville St., Cor. Smyth.
Phons Sey. .1745
When yeu play Paal Play at tea
Limit Pool Parlor
Headquarters Lathers' Union
39 Hastings Street East
J. 0. Parliament, Prop.
Men's Wear
To Readers of the Federstionist
for Saturday and week following
Men's  Black   Work  SliirtRi
refrHM^for #1.00
Men's filaok Work Shirts,
lighter weight  thiui   above;
reg. 91.00, for 85u
All Wool Books; reg 25o 20o
Union-made Overalls,
Hats, Gloves, Etc.
Also we shall give 10% discount off all suits, lints, eto
if you   mention   this   paper
The Belfast Store
166 Cordova St. West
Vanoouver, B. 0.
Where Rents are lower
They  Sell  Cheaper
(Opp. B. A K. Wharf)
j.     •     By B. D. GRANT
(Sec. New Westminster T. and L. C.)
Years ago the carpenters' position
in the Industrial world waa far different from what It Is today. It waB universally conceded that a term of apprenticeship ,was necessary and he
was required to know every detail
of the trade, as nearly all his material was worked up On the job; ln
fact, the manufacturing of the material was considered a part of the
trade. He had to he able tb use a
broadaxe to square his timber, to lay
It out and frame It ready for assembling. He had to make his sash doors
and frames, as well as tongued and
grooved lumber, and must carry tools
for the purpose of making mouldings
and Interior anlsh.. In other words,
he had to acquire the knowledge and
"kill necessary to,work the raw material Into the finished product. To
do this required years of painstaking
effort and study and'.constant practice. ,;■     'j
As a result carpenters were classed
as a craft sharply defined and distinct
from all other crafts ln the various
Industries which werevshaplng themselves Into form. They ware the
bnlldtn? tradesmen of their time and
practically controlled that Industry.
The evolution of the building Industry, to Its present form, embracing as
It does steel nnd brick skyscrapers,
stone and reinforced concrete'. structures, with modern heating, lighting
and sanitary appliances, has developed
a number of allied crafts which, ln
their day, developed skilled men In
their particular crafts, all having to
pass through, the successive stages
from apprentices to journeymen.
As capital gradually concentrated
Itself In the building industry, organisation on the part of the workers became a necessity, and thus' we flnd
unions of carpenters, plumbers, bricklayers, plasterers, stone masons, sheet
metal workers, painters, glaziers, tile
setters, lathers and shinglers being
formed for the protection of the workers engaged in the various departments of the building Industry.
The concentration of capital forced
economy in production and led to the
specialisation Into the various crafts
as we have them today. It also, for'
the same reason, led to the evolution
of machinery, so that the skilled work
formerly done on the job Is now done
In the mills and factories and the
tools of the skilled craftsmen have
gradually been, and are still, being
taken from them and placed In the
factories until today the skilled craftsman of other days Is becoming lops
and less necessary on the modern
building. '.:,,
Up to the present the carpenter has
felt the change more severely then
any other. The factories and mills
have swallowed up a large portion of
his trade; sheet metal work Is replacing his cornices; .sash ' and frames,
concrete and tile Is replacing his
floors nnd walls, and various products
are being substituted for his roofs,
while plaster-board, beaver-board Snd
other preparations are becoming a
factor In Interior finish.
He Is constantly embroiled with
newly rising crafts, lh jurisdictional
disputes, when a fresh slice Is taken
from his gradually-diminishing, territory. ,, , ... '
For example: The plaBter-board,
hollow metal trim, lathing, shingling,
etc. I have In mind a 1300,000 office
building where, after the cement
forms were put up, there was no further carpenter work on the building
except putting up picture mould, the
door frames being made and cased
and even the doors hung ln the factory.
To the skilled carpenter who years
ago served his term of apprenticeship
and has developed a pride In his craft
these facts are very difficult to realise; In tact, In many cases he refuses
to believe what changes he sees going on before his very eyes.
We, as carpenters, have ever been!
foremost ln the fight for better conditions and are even yet the foundation
of the building trades. ,
Let us. then, carefully study the evolution taking place In our bulldlm-
Industry, forget the craft ideals we
have too long been holding before us
and adapt ourselves to the conditions
that are forcing themselves on us.
We, the quarter-of-a'milllOn Brotherhood ot Carpenters on this continent, have a mission tb perform, and
by our very weight we have the power
to perforin it. It Is our duty, nay-It
Is even necessary for our self-preser
vation, that we broaden our organization until we take ln every last man
engaged ln the building Industry, and
then, and not till then, will our jurisdictional disputes cease, snd we will,
by presenting a united and solid front
to the employing class, be enabled to
secure better working conditions than
we enjoy at present and some portion
of what we hope eventually to gain by
a united effort on the Industrial and
political fields, the full productlof oui
"The scope nnd activities of the trades
mtlon movement cannot-be clearly defined: neither can they In- restricted
wllhln the narrow compnis of tlmfd
minds. They develop In the snmo rntlr
as Ihe potency of organised1 effort become-! manifest.." The school of experience Is n snfo Rlllde for the future." .
Wear Leader
It helps.you to be well
dressed for less money.
An endless variety of
soft and stiff hats of
every conceivable style
and color are here at a
saving to yourself of a
dollar to a dollar and a
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Secretary Victoria T. and L. Council.
VICTORIA, July 31—The TradeB
and Labor Council held an adjourned
meeting on the 24th and disposed of
a quantity of routine business., which
had to stand over from the previous
Credentials were received, the Painters appointing H, Ellard, the Building
TradeB Council Wm. Coffee.
On motion it was resolved that election of; standing committees be deferred until communications had been
dealt with.
The chair calling on Delegate Smith
to act as press reporter, that member
declined on the ground that his report
on a previous occasion wss transposed
and written to suit the, morning paper.
Delegate Gllllgan had himself excused on like grounds, stating that Ms
reports were not published and on one
occasion an entirely different report
was inserted In lieu of his own. It
was then moved nnd seconded and
carried that sending reports of the
meetings of the Council to tho Colonist be discontinued, and the notes be
handed to the Times ami also published In-The Federation)!t in Ihe
future. .        .
Letters were received from the c'ty
clerk announcing that a central Infirmary and ambulance service will be
provided for In the new police headquarters.   Received and filed.
From secretary Typographical Union
protesting against the new, declaration
of principle recently adopted as an
amendment to the constitution, also
protesting against the elimination of
the section prohibiting discussion of
party politics and religious BUbjects,
and requesting the Council to reconsider Its action, inasmuch as the
amendments did not have two-thirds
as required.
On motion of Delegates Slvertz and
Smith the letter was received and the
writer Informed that in the opinion of
the council the new declaration Is in
line with the. needs of the labor movement; also that the complaint over
the elimination of section barring
party politics and religion Is based on
error ss the provision referred to still
remains part of the constitution, arid
for the above and other reasons the
council Is not prepared to open these
subjects again.    ...
The notice of the 28th annual convention of the TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada was; received, and referred to a special committee for the
purpose of devising ways and means
to finance the sending of a delegate.
Prom Victoria Labor Temple, Limited, containing Interpretation referring to representation of unions holding shares, and ruling that no organisation holding, shares can be represented at shareholders' meeting except
by trustees.  Received and filed.
From Musicians, Machinists, Theatrical and Stage Employes' replies to
lettev re the establishing of s legal defense fund. ' Tabled until more are received.
From. Hod Carriers nnd Builders'
Laborers, announcing their withdrawal
from affiliation. Referred to special
committee consisting of Delegates
WatchmSn,L'Armbruster nnd Slvertz, to
ascertain reasons for withdrawal.
Accounts for 129.66 were referred to
the finance committee with favorable
recommendation. '   !■'
Delegate Sfailth reported progress for
committee to1 meet mill owners. Received. ',','.
Delegate feivertz reported progress
for special committee to meet manager. 6-10-16-cent store.
Delegate. Smith also reported progress for special committee on Oriental Immigration, showing that for the
twelve months ending June 30, 1912,
4,391 Chinese.had paid the head tax
of 1600 each, besides those exempted
under the'Act; also that for the same
period 305 Japanese had entered, adult
New Business.
The secretary was directed to write
to the Times suggesting the feasibility
of the paper arranging for a labor
page, as the Colonist had rerlmtly discontinued the weekly labor column.
The question of a Labor Day celebration was referred to a special committee consisting of Delegates Watchman, King (E. A.), and Lygate.
Notice ot motion hy Delegate E. A.
King: "Moved that the formation.of
a committee, called the Building
Trades Committee of the Trades and
Labor Council, to be composed of two
delegates of each. Of the building
trades affiliated to this council; the
committee,to meet and report In writing at each of the regular meetings of
the council." ,.
Officers and.Standing Committees.
President, H. J. Sheen, P. O. Box
1183; .vice-president, A. Watchman,
Labor Hall; recording and corresponding secretary, C. Slvertz, P. O, Box
302; financial secretary, J. L. Martin,
P. O. Box 302; treasurer, O. H. Tlb-
bitts, P, O. Box 302; sergeant-nt-arms,
R. Leggate, Albion Iron Works.
Executive Committee—11. J. Sheen,
A. Watchman,.,.Phil. R. Smith, J. L.
Martin, A. yafpey. Wm. Coffee.
Finance . Committee—A. Armbrus-
ten, 1411 Lang street; J. L. Martin,
P. O. Box 302; J. Croker, rare 1409
Blanchard street; K. Ollllgan, 141.1
Douglas street; A. E. King, P. O. Box
1498. , '   ,
Credentials Committee—A. Watchman, Labor Hall; A. Varney, 837
Broughton street; C, Slvertz, P. O. Box
302; J. Bills, P. O. Box 1183; Wm.
Coffee, Labor Hall.
Organization, Committee—A. Varney,
837 Broughton' street; J. L. Martin,
P. O. Box 302; H. Ellard, P. 6. Box
1477; Wm. Coffee, Ubor Hall; A. R.
Sherk, J302 Oladstone avenue.
Press Committee—E. Ollllgan, 1413
Douglas street; A. Armbrusters, 1411
Lang street; O. A. Coldwell, 1734 Davie
street; R. Havers, P. O. Box 1183; R.
Ryan, Parliament buildings.
Civic and Legislative Committee—
H. Johnstone, H. B. wharf; Phil. R.
Smith, 521 Yates street; A. R. Sherk,
1302 Oladstone avenue; H. Ellard, P.
O. Box 1477; E. Ollllgan, 1413 Douglas
Constructive Policy Committee-
Phil R. Smith, 521 Yates street; A.
Watchman, Labor .Hall; Christian
Slverti, P. O. Box 302; A. E. Holm-
wood, 2404 Government street; A. E.
King, P. O. Box 1498.
Del. Wilkinson Elected by Acclamation to Attend Congress
VANCOUVER, Aug. 1.—Regular
meeting Trades and Labor Council convened in Labor Temple this evening
at 8 o'clock. President Wilkinson ln
chair and other officers present, save
Executive Board Member Wilkinson
and Statistician Beasley, absent from
the olty.
Minutes of previous meetings read
and adopted.
I    Bakers—C. F. Ferguson, H. G. Lee-
worthy, J. Buchsn, W. Sellings.
Bartenders—John Clary.
Bartenders—John Clary.
Clgarmakers—John C. Penser.
Painters and Paperhangers, No. 138
—A. W. Abbs, Joseph Freckleton, G.
McMillan, H. Grand, Carl Jorgenson.
Credentials received and delegates
The following unions were not rep
Signwrlters, Boilermakers, Glass,
workers! Letter Carriers, Musicians,
Stonecutters, Stage Employees Shinglers, Walters, Upholsterers, Brother,
hood of Carpenters (North Vancouver), Commercial Telegraphers, Stereotypers and Electrotypers.
From Branch No. 5, Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters and Joiners.
Upon motion referred to Arrangement Committee of the A. 8. C. and J.
Regular meeting executive commit
tee convened July 31, 8 p.m., President
Kavanagh presiding.
Present: Dels. Kavanagh, McMillan, Campbell, McVety, Pipes, Hoover
and the secretary.
Communication from Wm. McQueen,
city clerk, advising council of tbe following resolution having been passed
by the city council:
"Resolved, that the president, secretary and treasurer of the Trades and
Labor Council of this city be requested to Investigate the wages paid, and
conditions under which women are
employed tn departmental stores,
shops, factories and other Industrial
activities In the city, and to report to
this council at the earliest possible
McMillan-Pipes—Recommended that
the secretary be Instructed to advise
the council that this council Is prepared to furnish the Investigating com-
mittee, provided the expense is borne
by the city. The secretary to also
state reasons for such a course. Concurrence.
From J. H. MacDermot, secretary
Vancouver Medical Association, advising that council's request for co-operation in securing Investigation Into
working conditions for women In Vancouver, would be placed before the
association at the earliest opportunity.
Filed.   Concurrence.
From (Mrs.) M, H. McNnughton,
1934 Barclay street, advising council
that meeting of association would not
take place till September. Filed. Con
From "J. K. Unsworth of the Ministerial Association, personally endorsing council's request, but the association itself yjould not meet till
September 2.   Filed.   Concurrence.
From J. C. Lowe, private secretarv
Hon. H. 8. Young, Victoria, advlslns
council of appointment of W. J. Pipes
as a commissioner for' placing names
on the provincial voters' list. Filed.
From Frank Morrison, secretary
American Federation of Ubor, Wash-
ington, notifying council that per capita tax was due. Recommended for
payment.   Concurrence.
From O. F. Gibson, chairman Good
Government League, assuring council
of co-operation "In any movement
looking to the protection and betterment of the conditions of the wmen
and girls engaged In the vsrlous lines
of work mentioned." Filed. Concurrence.
Following accounts recommended
for payment: B. C. Federatlonist.
card, $4; Jas. Campbell, July, $10; R.
P. Pettlplece, July, 810, stamps, 60c,
1*10.50; Labor Temple Co., rent, $31.
Following are the standing committees named for the ensuing term:
Organization—MoMlllan, Partridge,
Parliamentary—Palmer, Pipes, Free-
kelton. Mowat, Beasley, Morgan, Bur-
gesB, Fraser, Macdonald, Blumberg,
Union    Label    League—Burkhart,
Macdonald, Craig,'Peuser, Leeworthy,
Miss Brisbane, S.monds, Bartley.
Dslegstion Received.
Messrs. Halcro and Carrol of the
I. W. W., upon motion, were given the
floor to explain Imprisonment of Bros.
Ettor and Giovannitti. and asked for
co-operation of council to assist in
preventing these men from being
legally murdered, by holding a mass-
meeting to present the case to members of the working class. New business.
Parliamentary Committee.
Secretary Pipes submitted report of
Parliamentary Committee.
Del. Blumberg presided as chairman.    New delegates    Beated    from
Virtue and labor are useful ond profitable only when someone else employs
them. To the capitalist there Is nothing above eating and drinking, and wor-
-shfpptng at the shrine of Venus. Nothing Is so real to him, when the end of
his days approaches, aa the actual enjoyments he has wallowed In.
If the workers were more candid
with and among themselves ss to their
resl financial standing, Instead of forever deceiving themselves thst they
are putting on a "front," the evils
would the sooner be barred and the
remedy sought,
"Obseqnlcsness begets  friends;
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phono 3822
Bricklayers, Brotherhood ot Carpenters, Civic Employees and Stonecutters.   Nineteen delegates present.
Recommended that the secretary
be' Instructed to write the federal
marine department and the provincial
government for Information relative
to motor-boat regulations, providing
for Inspection; also for copies of laws
covering same, Including Inability of
white citizens to secure same privileges as Japanese.
Recommendation, again condemning
operation of private employment
bureaux, and urging that a provincial
government scheme of employment
bureaux be pressed for. Questions to
be also referred to proposed royal
The question of celebrating Ubor
Day was discussed, nnd a mass picnic
was recommended ns the most advisable, under the circumstances. Con.
Committee: Dels. Pipes, Oould.
Burkhart, Burgess, Hurst.
Recommended that the fedefnl and
provincial statutes be asked for by
the secretary, for the use of the
council. \
Recommended that a request be
msde of the government tn amend the
Medical Health Act, making provision
for registration of mldwlves, same to
permit all women who have graduated
In Great Britain to practice In B. C.
Recommended that steps be taken
to have legislation enacted compelling
payment of wages ln cash.
Roll Call.
Statistician reported 59 delegates
Auditors' Report.
To   Vancouver   TradeB   and   Labor
Dear Sirs: We, your auditors, beg
to report that we have examined the
books of the Trades and Ubor Council and B. C. Federationist, and find
the same to be correct and well kept.
We further certify that all our requirements sb auditors have been complied with and in our opinion the balance sheet Is drawn up so as to set
forth the true financial position ns
disclosed by the books on July 25th,
W. .1. PIPES.
July 25, 1912.
Reports of Unions.
Barbers—Del. Burkhart reported
union card taken from Savoy barber
Sheet Metal Workers—Del. Gould
reported all members working.
Amalgamated Carpenters—Del. Key
reported trade fair; some new Initiations; building material scarce.
Moving Picture Operators—Del.
SlmmondB reported regarding lockout
situation, as printed elsewhere In this
Issue of The Federatlonist,
Congress Convention.
Trades and Ubor Congress of Can-
ada convention call read, and upon mo-
tlon It was decided to send a delegate.
Delegate Wilkinson placed ln nomination by Secretary Pettlplece. Elected by acclamation. ,
New Business.
Request of I. W. W. delegation:
Upon motion the council decided to
comply with the request of delegation
and Bupply a speaker.
Speaker:    Delegate Burgess.
Adjourned 10 p.m.
Do You Want
to be Successful
** man is one whose
judgment is- good;
one who appreciates
his ohanoes, and one
invests funds, however small, in such a
way that he makes
money from his investments.
•J Use good judgment   in
your wearing appar-
rel; buy good honest
goods and you have
made a start on tbe
road to suooess
613 Granville Street
There liavo been (several development*
In the controversy between the moving
picture operators of thin city and the
B. 'C. Association of Exhibitors, some of
which were caused by the members of
the operators, and others Just happened;
but at any rate the local has demonstrated the fact that they are still In the
ring. The Exhibitors' Association has
bsen very hard presoed to get men to
fill the pjisitlons In the city, in spite of
the fact that a school for scabs has been
running in full force ln one of the
theatres for some time, and also that
tbe school has in Its possession three
copies of the examination questions
which are given to applicants for city
licenses. The«e questions are word for
word with the questions which were
seen In the office of the city electrician
on Thursday of this week. Some ot
these copies are ln the hands of the
secretary-treasurer of the rump association of nperntors. who goes by the name
of W. K. Young, and who Is now employed at the Electric theatre. We can
produce witnesses who will swear that
they were told by Young that be obtained the questions from the cltv electrician, It appears that on last Wednesday night Mr, Cook, who Is assistant to
the city electrician, was visiting several
of the moving picture theatres, and upon
."tartIng to enter the operating room nf
the Province theatre, he was refused admission for some time, but finally forced
his wnv up and found a man oncrnting
without a cltv licence, and be lived up
to the cltv bylnws by closing tin tin*
tbentre, The «nnie course was followed
at the Crystal theatre.
On the same evening the machines nt
the Electric theatre and tin* Majestic
were nm by men who did not have city
licences, for a part of the evening. . tie
city electrician made the statement tin*
next dpv that be was very sorry that
Mr. Cook took this course, nnd assertpd
that If lie had known about the situation,
nothing of the kind would have taken
place. He al»o refused to accompany
any of the operators to see If any of tbe
theatres were not complying with the
bylaws of the city the next night, but
stated that he was going to make a personal Investigation himself, but did not
want any of the old operators to speak
to htm or even to recognise him on the
streets, as the managers knew he was
going around and he would undoubtedly
be watched, to see where he was going,
and he did not want any of said managers to think there was any collusion
between him and the operators1 union,
nnd we want to assure any of the managers that there Is not anvthlng of the
vind existing. The article In this week's
Truth headed "Not a flcab" wax written
hy a man named Tlnney, who was
brought here to go to work In one of the
theatres, and is one of the "things" that
took exception to the remarks concerning "foreign scabs" in a recent Issue of
the B, C. Federatlonist, and It seems that
.the word "foreign" hurt him more than
the word ".scab." He came from
The Exhibitors* Association has re-
celved word from some source that the
operators were going to pull out Ave
more men tonight, nnd the union states
now that It has changed Its plans, and
that it will not pull nut any men at any
time, and neither will the men quit at
any time that the exhibitors are expecting such action; and further, that although tho union operators are cognizant
nf all actions taken bv the exhibitors
and the "rat operators" iust as soon as
such action Is taken, still they will not
learn of what the union Intends to do
until after same has taken place, and If
they think there Is anv chance for a
leak, then that weak place will be attended to. ■    , ■ '
The International vice-president for
this district is expected on the grounds
any day now, From conferences with
the Aim manufacturers ln the east,
which has been difficult for the union to
deal with, without hurting some of the
smaller exhibitors, who have been
anxious from the first to be allowed to
employ whom they desired, will be entirely cleared, though the union la now
In a position to guarantee any of   the
exhibitors that they will furnish them
tllms now In advance of those obtained
by members of the B. C, Exhibitors'
In conclusion, we would again caution
the general public that the operation of
moving picture machines 1h a very hazardous occupation, and that you should
be sure that a competent operator Is
running machines before you allow any
of your families or friends to enter
such places, as It only takes a second
or ho for a film to catch fire, when not
In motion, and any such occurrence Is
liable to start a panic with disastrous
results to the audience.   -
Why We Should Organize.
Machine power la displacing men
every day. These displaced men are
force dinto Idleness; Idle men compete
for the Jobs of the workera; competition for jobs, forcea down wages,
lengthens the work-day, and creates
wretched working conditions.
Organization means better wageH,
better working conditions, and a shorter workday.
As Individuals,1 we can not secure
these; as an organised body we can,
as has been amply proven by our
brothers who work ln like occupations
In other cities.
"Organisation la civilization; without it, Humanity Is a mob,"
Let's get civilized, my brother.
Think, act, organize!
Pre-lnventory Clearance
Sale new in Progress
UNPRECEDENTED Opportunities to Economise! Spend
Liberally and Savel Our purpose is to effect an Immediate
clearance In every department to
reduce stocks to normal proportions. Manufacturers and wholesalers have co-operated with us,
enabling our offering of wonderful
values. Thousands take advantage
of our sensational price concessions.
This sale Is an event that In
magnitude of scope and genuine
economy will give another manning to the word "SALE"—growing
greater each year by reason of the
steadfast policy of selling only
goods of highest merit at prices to
attract the most economical buyer. Watch dally papers for specials.
James Stark"'
xastdtos •». wist
■atwMB Abbott aa* damn.
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
•J When you buy your, suits
from us you sre doing so, We
employ union workmen only.
a] In dealing with us you sre
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT snd the MOST UP-TO-
We Dye for You I
515 Hamilton Street
Also Repairing
and Alterations
AD Goods Called for snd
Phone Seymour 8069
Graduate   Detroit
Optical College
106 Bank of
Ottawa Bldg.
phons aav. asa
Bridge. .Moot lots one block from
tbe waterfront In D.L. 193, price 1650,
quarter cash, balance ln 6, 13 and 18
months. Building- lots ln North Vancouver, from 1260 and up, on easy
terms. Whltaker & Whltaker, "The
North Vancouver Experts," 480 Howe
Street, Vancouver. Phone Seymour


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