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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 5, 1912

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Array »*
.   ST
sent provincial
opportunity to
Eoola would put
ltlon now with
...    1909.
:   *.«r>   ttraLtg as.i>out.
aa.s-«s>   saarmtnat
than    tbeay
alnco    1908.
»•     ss.SBSBliatla.tsad:
tsrasB   snlsn-vess  until
t*»«y    were   In-
bed     tlaelr   txsas-d
t«r>     Just    as.   run
«r>aT    speculation
asias    well   ata  tbe
ia.vlng    Invented
house   sand
>Iclxats   mortgage
oclsUlst       Psartjr
itlon   more   \p
t>   flStatins tbe
t-wx-ts     every    position   la  neltb-
LXS.dlaXsa.teai.   noll-
rotea.        In    1912
own  ticket.
list      (nominated
d      be     obtained
in   Skeena, and
raanavftnao. The
1844     (from   t\*s-
<a       of     -wrrttiner.
»t     decrease   or
Liona    there
than counter-
The form-
aln ©*- ISO
Comox -with 33.
down to New-
t>, end Victoria
ain of three,
ollows: Oreen-
1909 -vote by
Rossland 75.
[average) 242.
l-m«3 several eon-
nd the decline
a balance on
C The contra-
prevloua atate-
ine 861. and
tence la only
Isrure was the
:he aggregate
at in 1909 and
refer only to
L -vote of those
re     contested
itltuency   -will
swing,   but   It
e    compretaen-
merely   local
Ion   sub a whole.
be   lararely
le    consequence
of   party   metn-
»    our   ranks   of
iccepted   aole-
»r signed    the
or ap-
ry    nature   of
x       they     affixed
x-opssx*    function
Dlitlcal   parties.
tt      standing    In
working      class
ict   on   each
«V   decline
m em ber s
Influx   of
provide   a   fol-
who   are   presto     are    always
racy.        bierotry.
Never   hav-
tis claptrap
themselves, and bavins; had lota of*
practise In shooting off their mouths
In tbe locals, their now of language
and fine sounding phraaea hold tbe
half-baked new comers spellbound,
and tbe element that has been en.
deavorlng to get-posted on Marx and
keep Its feet on the ground la voted
down and bas to see the organization
degenerate Into a bunch of sloppy,
compromising Incompetents. Small
wonder that they lose heart occasion
ally and let the other bunch go to It.
Tbe propaganda inevitably suffers, losing; tbe positive note of Marx and assuming a nondescript character that
threatens capitalism not at all and
amuses It a good deal.
Small wonder that the vote shows a
decline if this state of affairs la gen-
eral throughout the province. Having for years listened to the Socialism
of Marx, which alone adequately Inter
prets the conditions of these critical
days, the workers of the province are
.not taking kindly to the products of
tbe hermaphrodite pseudo-Socialists
who now compose such a large percentage of tbe party membership, and
it  la a good sign.
(It Is to be understood that the
foregoing remarks are not intended to
apply to the situation in Vancouver.
Both the English locals In that city
are, in the aggregate, of a'type in
which tbe element referred to In this
article would find a short shrift. When
the    present   lack   of    mutual    under-
J. C. 'Watters. president of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
with headquarters at Ottawa, has recently been doing a little missionary
work in tbe province of Ontario, and
Incidentally while at Quelph made arrangements for the 1912 convention of
the Congress which takes place In
September next.
President Watters will spend the
next few weeks visiting the eastern
and maritime provinces in the interests  of the Congress.
During the session of the federal
house Just closed the executive of
the Congress has done Its utmost to
watch and safeguard Labor interests
asalnst tremendous odds, and while
the tangible results are not unlike
those accomplished in some of the
provinces the knowledge of our weakness, so long as old-party representatives are elected to do the law writing,
Is rapidly being disseminated among
the members of organized Labor
throughout all Canada. .
It must be remembered, too, that
Labor bas not a solitary representative in tbe federal house, a handicap
that must be keenly felt by the Congress executive.
While Westerners are of the general opinion that the Congress does not
give publicity enough to its efforts
in Labor's behalf at Ottawa, that Is
a matter that can be remedied in convention.
Like other Labor organizations, the
Congress is just exactly what its affiliated membership makes it.„
The Federatlonist is satisfied with
the work of President Watters to date.
He   Is  making good.
Secretary P, M. Dnper, of
the Trades and Labor Congress
ot Canada, Ottawa, hu lent out
a call to affiliated unions and
other bodies for the second Instalment of per capita tax for
the year 1912.
"No doubt you are aware,"
says the call, "that the president
of the Congress is now engaged
watching legislation at Ottawa.
Aa soon as parliament prorogues
he will go east as far as Sydney,
C. B., on an organising tour,
which will, we hope, be productive of much good to the international labor movement In the
Eastern provinces. The provincial executive; have been both
energetic and watchful as to
provincial labor legislation. *
• * If the finances of the Congress will warrant it, the executive council is anxious to hare
an organizer In central Ontario
for a few months; as well as one
in the Western Provinces for
a like period during the coming
standing has given place to mutual
appreciation of the different viewpoints, the result will be an organisation without an equal on this continent. To one who has been outside
the local scrap, the air seems to be
already clearing.)
•   *   *
What is the prime essential for a
militant Socialist party? To the
writer It seems that a small numerical membership well posted on the
fundamentals ot Marx and willing to
do spade work for the movement Ib
of great value, and a large membership, gained by appeal trom the platform, and admitted without question
as to their understanding of the proposition, is a distinct danger. The former type keep the issue clear, the latter
inevitably obscure It. The necessity
tor a large dues-paying organlzatlod
seems to be past, and the time now
here for a tightening of the lines,
-J. H. B.
On the same day that the news arrived of the British coal miners returning to work despatches appeared
in the press announcing that 90,000
had walked out in the anthracite and
bituminous coal fields ot the United
States. Over 400,000 men are directly
Splendid Frogman* b Arranged
and All B. 0. Worker*
NANAIMO, B. 0„ April 2.-The
miners of Vincouver Island are plan,
ning a monitor demonstration for
Thursday, May lit, to be held here,
and they have secured the use of the.
Exhibition Park for that day.
There will he iporti, consisting of
races for both ladles ind-gentlemen,
tug-of-war, flve-a-ilde ind eleven*-
side; football matches, and a money
prise will be liven for the winners of
the football match, Vincouver Island
vs. Mainland. '
A number of speakers have been
asked to attend and meet the International president of the United Mine
Workers of America, John P. White,
who, If his duties In ths Eastern
States permit, will be present.
Ladysmlth, South Wellington and
Cumberland locals are going to turn
out their full membership and arrangements are being made to run a special
train from each of these point! to
Nanalmo; fuller details of which will
be given later.
The workers of Victoria have also
decided to celebrate the only real In.
ternatlonal Labor Day by taking a
holiday on Thursday,' May 1st, and
they have been asked to Journey to
Nanalmo and help the miners to have
a real first-class Labor Day demonstration. At present no mention has
been made of the part that the workers of Vancouver are going to take in
the celebration, but we hope that Vancouver will live up to the' reputation
they are supposed to hive, and make
a noise like men.       '
Ho for Nanalmo oh May 1st Show
the Intelligent member! of the working class on Vancouver Island thlt
they are aware of the. Importance ot
this celebration and thai It they cannot attend In a body they will attend
in hundreds if not thousands.
m-     ——
Edmonton Filling Into Line.
Edmonton city council, will probably
adopt a minimum wage clause for all
employees of the corporation. It provides for not less than180 cents per
hour, and the union rate "of wages
must be paid to mechanics. The eight-
hour day Is also to prevail on all work.
At least this recommendation has
Deen made to the commissioners, and
it Is more than probable that the
suggestion will be accepted.
Royal City School Board.
New Westminster school board has
instructed its architect'to insert the
following provision in ill future contracts for school buildings: "The
contractor must pay the minimum
standard rate of wages prevailing In
this district to all employees engaged
by him, either directly or Indirectly
through a sub-contractor, and he must
exhibit the pay sheet* when called
upon by the architects."
Advices from Secretary Midge-
ley, ot the B. 0. Federation ot
Labor, who Is now located at
Victoria, B. 0., Indicate that the
referendum calling for a declaration on the part of B. C. unionists for or igalnst endorsing
the principles ot Socialism hai
been cirrted by a sweeping majority.
The result! will be tabulated
and submitted to an executive
meeting, which will he held
some time next month, snd then
coiveyed to all affiliated unions
through the official paper of the
Federation, the B. 0. Federatlonist.
The Federatlonist Is In receipt of a
communication from J, S. Biscay, I.
W. organiser, now at Aberdeen, Wash.,
regarding the strike In the saw and
shingle mllli now In progress in the
Grays Harbor district Out of IT mills
affected there are only two not closed
up tight. The longshoremen of both
Hoqulam and Aberdeen are out In
sympathy, and all sections of the mill,
tant workers are standing together,
whether of the Socialist party, the
I. W. W„ local unions, or unattached,
until the matter Is settled by the con-
cession of all demands and reinstate-
ment of all strikers.
The hunger whip has been brought
into play by the masters. Having pass,
ed through' a hard winter, the strike
has brought many to the point of destitution, and the mill owners have supplied the local merchants with lists
of- the strikers and are bringing pressure to bear to make them refuse
credit to them.
The situation has become so urgent
that help Is badly needed. The majority of the workers have families and
cannot Jump away, many not being
able to hold out a week longer without
relief. The money already raised has
been, expended. Biscay says that circulars will be Issued calling for relief, but the present call has been Is-
sued because every moment is valuable.
Those able and willing to help keep
tbe kids from starving can send their
contributions' to F. H. Allison, 211 Occidental (rear), Seattle, Wash.
Ldw wages;   long   hours;   slavish ed to subject tbe net of society te
the level of heweri of wood lad draw.
A Boy Scout armed with a rifle shot
and killed a nlne.year.old boy in New
York last week.
Eastern Unionist Sends Greetings to the West
More  Applicants Than Jobs.
At the labor exchanges in Germany 3,708,000 men and women operatives offered their services for sale
tn 1909. Employers made 2,208,000 applications for employees.
Ready for You now
HEX you wrallc alone Granville St.
drop into the store and take a look
«.*. the new 91X5 Suits  for   men on
Tl»e>y  represent the latest styles in
li-fcaa  unci incidentally they represent
men's suit    -values   ever   shown  in
irer.-      They   are    made   of   specially
Scotch tweeds.   The coat collar and
x-«B  made so    that    they   will   retain
ape.    The -vests show a neat out and
ra.        1"n\o    trousers   hang   well.     We
ery     much    -whether   you would see
■oking suits than these in any store
are     positive   you  -will   not find as
».     «Oozne in all sizes.
on's Bay Stores
Your magnificent building, dedicated
to the cause of Labor, will be an unanswerable argument to those who
claim that Labor will never unite. It
will stand as a monument to the unswerving loyalty and untiring work
of the leaders and rank and Die of the
Vancouver trade union movement.
Vancouver, located on the shores ot
the Pacific, needs a strong organised
Labor movement to cope successfully
with the many problems arising from
Its geographical position as the western gateway ot Canada. The same
need tor thorough organization exists
in Montreal, Quebec, St. John and
Halifax, as these ports are the dumping grounds for alien Importation
of labor. Halifax, through Its location
on the shores of the Atlantic, Ib the
port of entry of thousands of immigrants, who, garnered from the four
corners of the world and from the Innermost recesses of older Europe,
brlii'? to this country all their old-
world traditions, which are more or
less based on the low standard of living which generally accompanies long
hours nnd low wages.
These Immigrants should be met
on the threshold of this country by a
powerful organised movement, so as
to bring those new citizens in Immediate touch with the alms and objects
ot the Canadian Labor movement.
How many of the leaders of our movement fully recognize the importance
of watching the Inlets through which
the tide ot immigration Is flowing?
The ranks of the strike-breaking dement must of necessity be largely recruited from the men who dally are
being dumped almost penniless on
the shores of Canada.
Much has been written of the capacity ot Canada for assimilating foreign Immigration. "The Melting Pot
ot Canada" has become a worn-out
and dangerous phrase, because it Insinuates that Canada can readily absorb any amount of foreign immigration, which is not true, as it takes
years to wear away the traditions snd
customs of a lifetime; and It is the
Interval of time taken up with the
wealing away process that is fraught
with much danger to the Canadian
workmen. So the necessity of thorough organization of the maritime
ports of Canada becomes an immediate necessity, as the task of educating
the new comers to a proper conception of the wants of labor will naturally fall upon those most Interested—
the workmen who are subject to Injurious competition for employment.
One way of arriving at this desirable
strength of organization Is to erect
labor temples In every maritime port
In Canada, which will serve to consolidate the varlouB units of Labor.
The trade unlets of Halifax have
long since recognised the advantages
of having a labor temple, but so far
have found It practically Impossible to
make any forward step In the matter.
The Halifax Trades Council have manfully wreBtled with the problem, but
on account of local conditions not being favorable, were reluctantly compelled to abandon for the time being
the proposition. The workmen of the
city are Injuriously affected by the
Influx of foreign labor and at times
have found It extremely difficult to
maintain their organisations. The example shown, by the Vancouver unionists  will  provide an Impetus to the
movement for building a labor temple,ty-
and It Ib to be hoped that ere the New
Year ends its course plans will be
formulated, and carried into effect,
that will provide for the erection of a
chain of labor temples, beginning In
Halifax and-Sydney In the far east,
and stretching across the continent to
Victoria and Vancouver tn the far
Halifax, N, S.
Vancouver Island locals ot the Socialise party, In conjunction with the
miners' and other unions, are preparing for a fitting celebration of May
Day at Nanalmo.
It Is expected that John P. White,
president of the United Mine Workers of America, will be one of the
speakers of the day.
J. W. Wilkinson, president of the
B. C. Federation of Labor; R. P. Pettipiece, J. H. McVety, E. T. Kingsley
and other mainland speakers have
also been Invited to be present.
Victoria unionists will be asked to
cancel their proposed arrangements
for May Day and adjourn en masse to
the Black Diamond City for Interna-
tlonal Labor Day.
The miners on Vancouver Island
have just completed organization
work, after a lapse of some years, and
the prospects for tho Immediate future are somewhat brighter from Labor's viewpoint.
It Is therefore In keeping with the
eternal fitness of things that the Pacific Coast workers should guther
at Nanalmo and get acquainted.
The women, too, will be there In
force, and tuere Is every prospect of
high Jinks as becomes free men anil
women (or at least one day of the
We are unconcerned whether a man
Is a Protestant, Catholic, Jew, Mo-
hamedan or any other believer or non-
believer respecting religious matters;
but we are concerned In every movement that tends to uplift humanity
and to make life worth living while
we are here on earth—we are concerned In the questions of abolishing
poverty and all its attendant evils,
and to establish freedom and justice
for all mankind.
We know that those are the ideals
for which the organizations of the
workers, Industrial and political, are
striving, and therefore we caution
them to beware of the sinister
schemes that are being concocted by
the privileged few to incite religious
quarrels for the purpose of once more
blocking progress and Inaugurating
q period of reaction.
The robber classes In all ages used
religious cloak when necessary to
cover their villainies and perpetuate
their power. The robber class of today, knowing there Is worldwide dissatisfaction with Its barbarous snd unjust rule, will attempt to utilize all
the means within its reach to divide
the people Into warring camps to prolong its reign.—Max S. Hayes.
Aid. Joseph A. Clark of Edmonton
has succeeded In getting the council
to adopt the eight-hour day and the
minimum wage for civic work, but the
Saturday half-holiday Is not included.
That will probably come later.
The opposition used all kinds of
parliamentary tactics to defeat the
proposal, but It carried by a majority
of one. The new wage scale is aB follows: Hod carriers, 30 cents per hour;
bricklayers and masons, 66 cents; carpenters, 45 cents, stone cutters, 65
eents; machinists, 47% cents; plumbers, 6o cents; plasterers, 65 cents;
lathers, lu.no per day, second class
?5 per day.
Printed and all kindred work must
bear the union label. All contracts
must Include a guarantee that the
above scale will be paid, and if it
turns out that a contractor as not
done so, the amount missing and due
to the employee 1b to be deducted from
the unpaid balance due the contractor
and handed to the underpaid workmen.
work, Isolation and "he" life; .punk
grub; unsanitary camps; lack of
proper hospital facllltlei, In short Inability to make even a living—these
are facton at work In railway eon.
structlon csmps In B. C, working for
the general revolt among thl slaves
who build the roadi that the government Jays tor, and Bill and Dan win
own when completed.
The countless strikers hivi decided thlt they must have a 13 per
nine-hour day, Instead of IMS for
ten hours,
Ths contractors, of course, will have
none ot It, and Intend to throw dust
In the public eye by blaming I. W.
W. agitators, rather than the rotten
working conditions, for the general
discontent ind cessation of work by
the employees.
Whatever opinions may be held as
to the correctness or otherwise of the
position taken by the I. W. W. as to
what li the most vulnerable point In
the armour of capitalism and the most
effective methods of combat, the thoroughness ind determination with
which they are putting their policy
to the teit compel! admiration from
those who moit strongly disagree with
History affords few, If any, Instances of such working class movements as the one In question, not
only In the vigor with which the tactics advocated are put into execution,
but also In the widespread acceptance
they have received from a section of
the workers previously looked upon as
the most difficult to organise and least
susceptible to the Idea of united action, owing to the multitude of differ
ent nationalities Involved, with the,
hitherto, Invincible national prejudices.
The present strike on the C. N. R.
affords a striking object lesson as to
what a movement animated by the uncompromising spirit of revolt against
the slavish conditions thlt capitalism
Is imposing upon Its victims oan accomplish, in welding the widespread
discontent among the most heterogenous srmy of slaves that any system
ot production ever assembled together.
But the most sinister portent to
the ruling class of today lies In the
the fact that the system of which they
are the beneficiaries and defenders
Is being undermined by that section
from which they least expected dinger, because they had selected It with
the deliberate calculation that the national antipathies Involved, which they
were careful to foster, by pitting one
against the other, would prove an insurmountable obstacle to the propaganda of revolt
That their object has so signally
failed of accomplishment, In spite of
the elements In their favor, is another
of the multiplying proofs that the
signs of the times provide of the utter Incompatibility with further social
progress of a slave system of production.
Feudalism fell when It could no
longer provide an existence for the
majority of those who depended upon
It for an existence, and made way for
the present order, which is now on the
verge of a similar revolution, tbat Is
being propelled by the same Inexorable laws of social evolution, and the
economic necessity of the vast majority, to whom the next step in advance
lias become a matter of life and death.
By whatever methods It Is accomplished; that step wilt place the workers In possession of the political power by which the present owners ot the
ers of water,
Once In possession at that power,
they will use It to perform tha rota
that II historleslr/ theirs, by oatreaea.
Ing themselves la tbi posltloa ot
ownership at tbl machinal they alone
can create and use, thai ensuring to
all willing to perform their ihare of
tbe social talk the full soda! nuln,
lint of their tabor performed.
It can't be to soon.
A charter bas bun Issued oovertaf
the Dominion of Canada to tho Press
Telegrapher! and their offloers bavo
been elected.
The general chairman Is B. B. Maw.
A Saddened Horns.
The many friends of John W.
Bruce, international organizer for the
Plumbers' union, throughout all Canada will be sorry to hear of the death
of Mrs. Bruce, which took place re-
cently at Toronto. The wives of union
officers are compelled to accept many
responsibilities unknown to the average unionist's helpmate; many nights
are spent alone, nwaltlng the homecoming of husband nnd father, who is
engaged In the duties of his office, at
home or along the fighting line; the
home life is broken to a large extent,
and it Ib sometimes difficult for them i
to reconcile themselves to the necessity of standing by their husbands
through thick and thin. But Mrs.
Bruce always had a cheery letter and
word of encouragement for J. W. B.
and was just aB enthusiastic over the
triumphs of Labor as those who are
most closely Identified with the movement. Unionists everywhere will ex-
tend to Bro. Bruce the right hand of
good fellowship and share with him
In his bereavement.
Bom, of Toronto, and the general no,
i, H, Whltner, Ottawa.
retary-tressurer, C,
The membership will, ooror from
Prince Rupert, B. C, to Halifax, snd
those carrying cards with the Commercial Telegrapher!', union will bo
transferred to..tho now branoh.
Tali branoh wu found necessary
owing to tho groat dlfferenoo In tho
work covered from thl general commercial, and It will bo bettor adapted
to handli msttsrs pertaining particularly to this branch of telegraphy. Ot
course, sympathetic touch Is still
maintained with the other telegraphers' unions and they will be found
working together.
There are over 600 man employed
at the Trail, B. 0., smelter, Of tats
number lew than 200 are on tho voters' list
There are some 1200 mlnen working at Michel, B. C. Less than 300
votes were cast at the recent election,
It would be a conservative estimate
to say thlt less than 70 per cent, of
the workeri ot British Columbia have
their name! on the voters' Hat, not
to mention the thousands of aon-
citizens and floaters.
means of wealth production are enabl- ners.
B. D, Grant, secretary of New Westminster Trade and Labor Cuncll" and
a vice-president of tho B. C. Federation of Labor, hu received the appointment from headquarters of tho
International Brotherhood ot Carpenters and Joiners of America, of organiser for the district of British Columbia, including the rsilnlind and
Vancouver Island.
Mr. Grant was In Vancouver thli
week, conferring with local officers
of the Brotherhood relative to work
to be undertaken And will assume the
duties of his new office on Monday
The appointment is one thlt will
meet with general favor among Pacific coast unionists, who already have
much evidence ot Mr, Grant'! executive ability.
Mr. Grant has Just returned from
a two weeks' campaign in the upper
country, in the Interests of the candidature of Andy Shllland.
At a mass meeting In Trafalgar
Square, London, thousands of people
protested against the arrest and Imprisonment of Tom Msnn, the syndicalist leader. They sang ths Marseillaise, and carried red flags and ban-
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters.
The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters In Vancouver are carrying on
an active organization campaign.
Friday last a meeting was held in
North Vancouver and a branch of the
society opened in that district. W.
Garrlck was elected secretary. Another meeting will be held on Wednesday, April 3, In the Club Block, Esplanade, North Vancouver, to complete the
formation of the branch. All members of the society resident In North
Vancouver are requested to attend
that meeting. No efforts will be spared
by the above society to strengthen
their position. Organization committees have been elected, and the Blogan
of the society In this district Is every
member a new member. All members are requested to attend the
branch meetings and take their part
in the work before us.
—A. S. W.
Buck Brand
After all is said and done the above
caption tells its own story. The
record of BUCK BRAND Overalls
and Shirts—Union-Made, Made-in-
Vancouver, Made-to-Fit and Wear
and Stand the test of the worker's
requirement—is what counts
Bearing this guarantee of good workmanship nnd quality
Wm.J. McMaster
& Sons, Ltd.
1176 HOMER ST.      VANCOUVER, B. C "•*»■■
Traders Bank of
n Canada n
113 Branches in Canada
Paid-up -Capital
and Surplus $ 6,550,000.00
Total Assets -   50,000,000.00
Special Attention Given
Savings Accounts
Deposits of $1.00 and
upwards     received
and interest allowed
at current rates
One Dollar Will Open An
Vancouver Branch
Halting. Street, Comer of Homer
Opan Saturday Evin.
inga 7 to 9
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Piid-up Capital,   $   6,200,000
Reserve 7,200,000
Total Assets       .100,000,000
One Dolkt will open
the account, snd your
' buanesi will be welcome
be il large or small
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Csnittl Authorind - »10,000,000.00
Capitol Psid-sp • 5.000,000.00
RsssmFssd    -    -   6,000.000.00
Interest allowed on deposits
of QNE  DOLLAR and upwards FROM DATS OP
Main Office—694 Hasti gs
Hastings and Abbott St
Branoh — 84 Hastings
Street West.
Fairview  Branoh — 2013
Granville Street S.
Main Street Branoh—Cor.
Main and Cordova Sts.
Gaskell & Odium
Textbooks on all Trades
and Professions
Books of Special Interest
to Wage-Earners Wishing to educate themselves
681 Granville St.     OS Miln St.
alio at New Westminster and
Tat Tsmmi Ititliiiri Cs., UMti
825 Hastings Strict Wist
Owned and published by Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, with which is affiliated fifty-two unions, embracing a
membership  of  8000  wage-workers.
Issued on the 6th and 20th, of each month
Address.    834t   Bt   Catherinea   «treet.
Managing- Editor: B. Vunuttr -Petttpleoe
Phones—Office, Sey. 1380; Res., Fair 426
Subscription;  $1.00 per year; to unions
subscribing; In a body, 50 csnte
Advertlslnn Rates; Five cents per line
per Issue; 14 lines to an Inch. Contract
rates on application.
Correspondence from unions and unionists  Invited.
"tmity of .Labor; th* hop* of the world."
PAPER.   IV itt.li number U on It, your
subscription expires tint issue.
ire tne most comfortsble suspenders because -the principle
it their back adjusts Itself to
everr bend of the body. Every
pair guaranteed. Look tor
Hs*IWatd«nt" on the buckles. Tritna.!nsia can-
•*•♦ mets Made heavy or
Hfht, wide or narrow.
Prico 50c.
Ho, tor Nanalmo on the first ot
The undertakers have a hard time
of It when the coal miners are on
strike. ' .
if this paper pleases your boss, lire
the editor," advises the Industrial
Over forty thousand Orientals now
resident In British Columbia. Hurrah
for McBride's "White B. C."l
It Is rather in keeping with the
eternal fitness of things that the new
provincial asylum should be located
at Coqultlam.
This would be a slow old world
without the man with a hobby. Hobbyists have been tbe forerunners of
The constitution of this snd every
other commercialised nation Is the
product of dead men. About time
lire ones ceased to be dead ones.
Farmers' cooperative sehemes are
doing for the agriculturalist what the
trusts are doing for the manufacturer
—getting things properly organised
for collective ownership.
Mr. Justice Murphy, at the Vancouver Law Students' banquet last week,
stated that "the Canadian constitution
was free as freedom was known nowadays."—News-Ad.
'No Men Wanted; Keep Out!" Is
the sign-board that greets Job-seekers
on many of the big buildings being
erected In the city. Great is our
The secret of accomplishments lies
in organization. It Is true of industry and politics. It Ib true of the
workers. It they ever expect to get
any place they will have to organise.
The government, In its estimates of
revenue for the coming year, figures
on $600,000 to be collected In Oriental
head taxes, "A White B. C," for
'The political struggle Is not a
struggle for Jobs for a tew favored or
self-seeking Individuals. It is a fight
tor class privilege and Its perpetuation."
McBride "prosperity" In the CrowB
Nest coal fields has resulted In the
coal-diggers working half time, at
wages that would puzzle an Oriental
to live upon. The "Incentive" under
corporate ownership of coal mines is
nothing to write home about.
It railways snd population make for
prosperity," the- tales of suffering
from London, New York, Chicago and
all other big industrial centers, due to
unemployment ot the workers, are not
submitted as corroborative evidence.
Have you ever paused long enough
to figure out the time and energy and
ceaseless hours snd years of organization and educational work it required
to make possible the calling out on
strike of a million and a half of miners?   Dreamers, eh?
Mr. Congdon, K. C, on the floor ot
the House of Commons at Ottawa:
" .• « • The Ideal I have of Canada Is not a country with fortifications here and there and the people
listening to the drums and tramplings
of soldiers, nor. of a' country whose
seas must be patrolled by hideous
battleships.  •  *_*."
If the workers of British Columbia
ever expect to get any place politically, they will have to do a little
more work and organizing between
election days. Elections are not won
by prayer or platform oratory; as the
many Bowser lire wardens, road bosses, policemen, civil servants, etc., can
well attest.
Pensions are sort of soothing to the
capitalist conscience, after tho recipient has contributed the bone and muscle and mind of a lifetime In coining
profile for the owner of the Job. If
the workers owned the means of life
and were producing wealth for use Instead of profit, they would receive
iholr pension as they earned It, without any of the uncertainties of the
present reform tinkering.
We receive through our exchange
list every other day copies ot the debates in the House of Commons at Ottawa, which are promptly consigned
to the W. P. n„ as containing none of
the matters that are of Immediate
concern to the most numerous and
only useful class In Canada. It goes
without Baying that the present complexion of the House looks like peaches and cream to the employing class
of Canada, and has the appearance of
pimples, wertB and blotches to every
Intelligent worker.
Every unionist in British Columbia
will learn of tho defeat of Andy Shll-
land, secretary of District 6 of the
Western Federation or Miners, San-
don, In the recent election for the Slo-
can riding with regret. Shilland
Is one of Nature's noblemen and
thoroughly liked by all acquainted
with his sterling qualities. Had
he been elected, 'he would have
made a creditable addition to
His Majesty's loyal opposition at
Victoria. Too much McBride "pros-
all the mines dosing down; therefore
no miners left to vote for Shilland or
any other working-class representative; a condition that prevails In
many ot the Interior constituencies,
Immigrants are arriving In British
Columbia at the rate of hundreds per.
day. Even with the opening up of
tremendous public, railway and other
works, the labor market Is glutted to
such a degree that it seems impossible for the unions to anywhere hear
maintain the standard of wages or
working conditions that prevailed a
few years ago. And this despite the
fact that tbe purchasing power of a
dollar today Is equivalent to about six
bits two years ago. The corporations
which own British Columbia have
eliminated competition among themselves; but they are taking mighty
good care that there shall be plenty
of It among the Job-seekers. Tbe
workers seem to like It, for only last
Thursday they voted to have the government that makes such conditions
possible continued In office,
Tbe late Sir John A. Macdonald
used to say that in order for a political party to win, It must have a policy. So far as the workers are concerned, the only portion of the International labor movement worthy of
the serious consideration of wage-
workers Is the party that stands tor
the collective ownership of the things
used collectively; as against the present system of corporate ownership of
the things the workers must have access to In order to live. It Is a "policy" that Is today compelling all
other political parties to unite against
it In a frantic endeavor to stem the
tide; a policy that Is occupying the
minds of 'the brightest men on this
old plsnet; a policy that Is bound to
win If the workers are to survive,
A banner convention of the B. "C.
Federation of Labor In January; a
Jail-sentence within twenty-four hours
after adjournment as the result of
participation In a free-speech campaign In February; the responsibilities of a member of the Labor Temple Co., Ltd., executive board, Just
completing a quarter of a million venture; and the springing of a provincial general election, In March; these
combined with the usual duties of an
official in the organised labor movement, has made it Impossible for The
Federat.onist to be given the attention It. was entitled to. As a result,
some of the Improvements proposed
at the beginning ot the year remain
undone. As soon as the trial and result of The Federatlonist editor Is
over, on a charge of being a party to
an "unlawful assembly" on Jan. 28th
last, a number of Improvements will
be mods, ths first of which will be an
enlargement to eight pages, and, as
soon as possible, a weekly, publication
Instead of twice a month. Meantime
the cooperation of every union and
unionist in British Columbia Is needed.
The "news" service being circulated from the Vancouver Dally Province
office, relative to the pressing need
for laborers In this province, could
be no better calculated to deceive the
working-class If It were sent direct
from the Pacific Coast Employers' Association headquarters. Not content
with conduct that compelled the Vancouver Trades snd Labor Council to
place It on the unfair list, The Province furnishes Interior papers with luring stories of the demand for labor on
the coast; and this at-a time when
thousands are looking for Jobs, up and
down the Pacific Coast. The truth of
the matter Is that the labor market Is
already so glutted that wages have
been forced down to a point that
bodes no good for the coming months.
The problems ot the older countries
are rapidly being transferred to this
province. The few corporations which
already control the natural resources
of the Canadian West seem to have
become drunk with power and nothing
short of rebellion Is courted if the
present lying and ravenous grabbing
for profits Is further accentuated. The
employers seem" determined to officiate as their own grove-diggers, thanks
to the economic Ignorance and stupidity of ths workers themselves, who
elect law-makers to act as an executive for the corporations.
The lessons to be drawn from the
British strike do not seem to support
the claims of the advocates of the general strike as a cure-all for the conditions that the workers are suffering
under, but rather they give point to
the arguments of those who contend
that the task of uniting the workers
on the eoonomtc field is an impossible
one, and the only possible way Is to
unite politically. "Class solidarity"
applied to the struggle In question Is
a mls-nomer. The struggle is not
between the miners and the owners,
although they are the parties to the
dispute. The actual struggle takes
place In the ranks of the miners themselves, and resolves itself Into a test
of the state of the labor market. That
market is chronically overstocked, snd
the efforts of the unions are concentrated In the endeavor to prevent others of their class from offering their
commodity (labor power) for a cheaper rate than the one they are demanding. The owners, on the other hand,
are not competitor! In buying labor
power, as there Is more than sufficient
for all roqulrementi, and they can afford to wait until competition forced
on by the threat ot starvation gets In
Its work In the rank! of their opponents. Their children are not hungry,
their wives do not have to worry
about the credit at the grocer's, and
they can confidently await the outcome.
"Many a man thinks that It Is goodness that keeps htm from crime, when
it Is only his full stomach. On half
allowance he would be as ugly and
knavish as anybody. Don't mistake
potatoes for principles."—Thomas
There never came from the lips of
man more truthful words than the
above from Thomas Carlyle,-says ths
Miners' Magazine. It Ib an easy mat-
ter for a man In a comfortable borne
and a well-filled larder, to respect the
law and merit by his acts and con
duct tbe title of law-abiding citizen.
The man who Ib supplied with the
necessaries of lite and at times enjoys some of the luxuries, Is but little
tempted to become a lawbreaker. But
the man who feels the pinch of hunger and the Insolent sneer that Is
usually accorded the victim of poverty, Ib always treading the danger,
ous pathway that leads to a prison
Every student of social questions
Is realizing more forcibly than ever
that poverty breeds crime.
The young lady surrounded by the
comforts of life and shielded by the
affection of loved-ones, Is deserving
of no vast amount of credit because
she retains upon her brow the crown
ot chastity. But the woman who has
met the storms of life's battle, who
has felt want clutching at her vitals
and remained unsullied, Is a heroine
whose womanhood Is worthy of the
most glowing tributes that can be
plucked from the flowers of rhetoric.
Criminals are the products of wrong
economlo conditions, and when the
time comes that the earth will be
blessed with a humane civilization,
man will become what he was Intended to be—"the noblest work of God."
Clipping* by a Native of
Tanlrtown, or Parings from
the* Potato Dispatch.
To that "Ticket"—There are some
Socialists In this city whose Socialism
is in high dinger of being dislodged
by one square meal.
To V. E. M, Victoria.—Where angels fear to tread, thou art a gallant
youth and gay. 'Twas ever thus;
whilst the would-be wise ones are pondering over much In tbe houses of
tools, the magnificent folly ot youth
outruns the sagacity of greybeards.
To Andy o' Sandon.—Can any place
be as slow ai the Slocnn can? Hoots,
Sandy, me mon, but 'a doot It, lid.
Thou wait a valiant candidate and
true, but 'twai a shame to drag thee
from the eylvin haunts of "Sandon 1'
the snow" with the object ot consigning thy worthy carcass to tbe "thieves'
kitchen." Tell Johnson we shall "come
To Harrod o' Nelson—Mefesrs thou
didst make "arrod" for thine own
back. Up-to-date version of Nelson's
message: "Every man this day shall
do as he Is told snd never mind a dam
what those crazy Socialists at the
Opera House say."
To O. H., Greenwood—There are
other green things at Greenwood besides greenwood. Warn B. de W. not
to "de Wile" away any of his o'er
busy hours trying to explain things or
how It happened, for 'twere thrice distilled folly so to do. There are two
distinctive types of Idiots In every
community—the one who tries to explain how an election was lost, and
the other who believes him.
To J. W. W., City.—So the circus Is
back In town; eh? We understand you
spoke at fourteen meetings on behalf
of four candidates and they all got
licked. Splendid man you are—but
then of course you can't be held responsible for the candidates, can you
now? Sure! That's exactly what we
said on election night Only Science
could explain them.
To R. P. P., City.—Why mlr mir
about Ymlr? If they had not the Intelligence to elect you, it's their loss,
not ours. Be of good cheer, friend.
Whilst there Is a rubber factory there
Is hone, and you will always be more
interesting as a scalping critic than as
an occupant of the Treasury Bench.
We* are "satisfied" It suits your type
of beauty better.
To W. J. B„ Parliament Buildings,
Victoria.—Bow, Wow, Sir! Let us
congratulate you on the way you have
trained your pups, mongrels doubtless, but worthy ol their mother, every
son of 'em.
To L. D. T., late of RoBslsnd.—A
Liberal education Is apparently never
complete, mlt we would not have It
for the world. Meanwhile tbe Sun will
need a lot of spots knocking off It before It can shine properly.
President Harlln of District 10 ot
the United Mine Workers of America,
covering the State of Washington, was
a recent visitor to Vancouver Island
locals, and expressed himself to The
Federatlonist as being well satisfied
with the progress being made in or
ganlzation work over there.
Mr. Harlln and International Board
Member Pettigrew of Nanalmo left for
headquarters at Indianapolis last week
on business lh connection with the
submission ot a wage scale In various
Mr. Pettigrew Is an ardent supporter and booster for the B. C. Federation of Labor, and takes much Interest in Its activities and convention
As a result of the recent election
of officers for District 18 of the United
Mine Workers of America, embracing
Jurisdiction over Vancouver Island,
Robert Foster has been elected president, to succeed Geo. A. Burt. He Is
well spoken of by those competent to
Judge of his executive ability, and Is
big enough to assume the duties of
the office.
The Tillora' Union.
The Tailors' Union li thriving. A
few new members have been added to
the local membership, and things are
moving along much as usual.
The following statement has been
Issued from headquarters:
"We take this opportunity to Inform
you ot the following facts: In buying
clothes please observe that the J.T.U.
of America have a desire to stamp out
onoe and for all, the undesirable sweatshops, which Is a menace to public
health. We, therefore, ask your cooperation in this matter- by selecting
only union-made clothing. We beg of
you, as union men, to examine the
three garments, coat, trousers, and
vest, and observe that our label is inserted In each garment, as some unfair employers have this same label,
attached to coat only, while the vest
and pants sre made Oy unfair methods
by the same establishment We would
also like to state that in the near future we will supply you with cards
with names ot union shops. Thanking you In anticipation for your help
In above request, Journeymen Tailors'
Union of America."
A. S. Wells, for some years Identified with the trade union and Socialist movement at Reglna, Bask., but
more recently a resident of Victoria,
B. C, bas received the appointment as
western organizer for the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters snd Joiners,
and has already assumed the duties of
the office.
Organizer W. Briscoe of the International Seamen's Union Is In Victoria. He will make in effort to add to
the membership the cookl and waiters
ot the Pacific Coast marine service,
plying In British Columbia waters. Re-
porte to date Indicate a desire on the
part of the employees In question to
organise and take their place among
the federated trade unions of the province.
Vlctorls Stsvsdorss Win.
The Empire Stevedoring Co., Victoria, B. C., has conceded the demands
of the International 'Longshoremen's
Union, and hereafter none but members of the union will be employed.
'Longshoremen Getting Uneny.
Waterfrontmen in and around Vancouver are once more giving some evidence of life, despite the congested
condition of the local labor market.
An effort Is being made among themselves to organise a union.
The "Freedom" of Slivss.
Last week sixty-five unorganised
teamsten decided to strike tor 88 a
day for a work day lasting from daylight to dark. Men who were nearer
the point of starvation, were put on In
their places. Great Is McBride's Immigration policy, ably assisted and
abetted by the Emigration Department
of the Salvation Army.
S. L. Landers, editor ot the Hamilton Labor News, Is renewing the agitation for the formation of a provincial federation of labor In Ontario.
He advises tbe dissolution of the
Labor Educational League and the
merging of the organisation Into the
proposed federation. A convention
of Ontario unionist! will probably be
called for May 84th next, to further
discuss the qnestlon and take definite notion, rather than referring the
matter lo other sources.
Shall you complain   who   feed   the
Who clothe the world?
Who house the world?
Shall  you   complain   who   are   the
Of what the world may do?
As from this hour
You see your power
The world must follow you.
The world's life hangs on your right
hand, .   .;• ,
Your strong right, hand,
Your skilled right hand;
You hold the whole world In your
See to It what you do!
Or dark or light,
Or wrong or right,
The world Is made by you!
Then rise as you ne'er rose before,
Nor hoped before,
Nor dared before
And show as ne'er was shown before
The power that lies In you!'
Stand all as one
Till right Is dons!
Believe and dare and do!
—Charlotte Perkins Oilman.
The Bakers' Union.
If the good people of Vancouver
were aware ot the unsanitary and
other unolean conditions under which
their breadstuff! were, made, there
would be a genuine demand for union-
made products, the only guarantee at
present obtaining/ In the absence ot
proper civic Inspection, and the non-
enforcement of the Shops Regulation
A good way to compel decent conditions in the trade Is to demand
union-labeled bread, and accept no
other kind.  Take no chances!
Miners Organizing.
Over fifty applications for member
ship were received by Nanalmo Miners' Union last week.
Official Organ of ths Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Year
Miners' Msgssine SOS Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Good Wearing Work
OUR BLACK SATEEN SHIRT AT $1.00 u the best shirt thai the
makers know how to make. It has a double yoke that comes well
. over the shoulders to meet the most wear. Double stitched throughout ind made of on extra tough dead block sateen.
WHITE OVERALLS—For painters and plasterers; extra stout drill oner
double stitched. Jackets to match.   A garment       •       •      65c-
ENG1NEERS' OVERALLS-ln blue stripe drill with bibs and suspenders, Price, $1.00.   Jacket, to match      •      ■      -11.00
CARPENTERS' APRONS-Made in three sizes, short, medium and
full length, three to seven pockets; large aprons have rings and mips.
Prices 35c,65,$T25
David Spencer, Ltd.
VAK00UV1B, B. 0.
11 Secretaries are requested to notif
' manager of change of officers.
FOB   60o   PER   ISSUE.
eratlon of Labor—Meeti In annual convention In January of each year. Bxucutlve
office™, 1912-13: Preeldent, J. W. Wilkinson, P.O. Box 1195 Vancouver; vlce-preei-
dsnts, Qeo. A. Burt. Box 798, Nanalmo; B.
D. orant, 713 Fifth avenue. New Westminster; r*a. B. McVety. 1744 Broadway
weit, (Vancouver; R. P. pettlplece, 2349 St.
Catharine! atreet, Vancouver:- J. Robert!,
Bo 33, Movie; C. Biverts, 1278 Denman
atreet, Victoria; J. J. Taylor, Ladyimtth.
Secretary-treasurer, Victor B« Mldgiev, Box
1195, Vancouver; delegate to Tradee and
Labor Congreii of Canada. B. P, Pettlplece,
2349 St. Catherine! street, Vancouver; fraternal delegate to Washington State Federation of  Labor,  Jaii.   H.  MoVety,   1744
40.—Ussls at Labor Hall sscond nj
fourth Tuesdays of saeh month. President,
nro. Poa; vice-president, Bra Hunter; sserstary, Wm. r. Herfortn, 1138 Wsstmmstsr
arenue; treasurer, Dro. Bearar; lelesatea to
Bulldlns . Trade. Council. Bros,. Hsrlcrtk,
Thompson and Olnnsdals. Dsjsmtsi <o
Trades and Labor Counoll, Bros, Tos, Lor-
ansky and Hunter..    	
The Home of High-Clsss
Where Everybody Goes
Moderate Prices
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Opp. Labor Hall
-*• flrat and third Thursday, Labor
Hall 112 Cordova street weit, (upstairs). President, J. W. Wilkinson;
vice-president, John McMillan: general secretary R. Parm, Pettlplece, 2349 St. Cath-
trlnsa street; phone Fairmont 426; secretary-treasurer, Jaa. Campbell, 1994 Fourth
avenue west, phone Bayvlsw 953R; etatls-
tlclan, lfrs. Boas L, Qardlnsr; sergeent-et-
arms, Fred A. Hoover; trustees. J. Kavanagh, James H. McVety, Victor R. Mldgley.
, Electrical Workere, Lseal No. SIS—
Meets every Monday evening at 8 a.m. la
Labor Hall, 112 Cordova strset west,
President, H. B- Durant; rtoe-prestdent, *C
U Hardy; recording secretary, R. 0, Mor-
rls; financial secretary aeerstary, H. Under; treasurer, Sam Cawfcer; trustee, H. T.
Johneton; foreman, W. P, Carr; flrat Inspector, B. O. Sheppard; eeeond Inonector,
C. W. Tsag; business scent, B. L. floMtl-
lan,  75 Broadway  west	
every Friday In Labor Hall, 112 Cordova street west, preeldent J. Kavanagh;
vice-president, J. Blcton; secretary. J. McMillan, Labor Hall; financial secretary-
treasurer, Wm. M. Herfortn; buelncse agent,
J. McMillan, Labor Hall. Phone Seymour
1360. Office, hours, 8 to 9, 12 to 1, 4:30 to 6,
of Vancouver—Meets second Monday In
the month In Labor Hall. President, E-
Jarman, Pressmen's Union, 923 Hornby
street; vice-president, George Mowat, Book*
binders' Union, 51B Dunlevy avenue; «ecre-
tary, a. H. England. Typographical Union,
567 Hornby strsst.  P. 0.  Boi 66.	
atreet and Electric Railway Employees
of America, Pioneer Division No. 101—Meets
In Oddfellows' Hall, Mt. Pleasant, second
and fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and
first and third Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President James Fletcher; vice-president, H.
Schofleld; recording secretary, Albert V.
Lotting. Boi 178, City Heights P. O. Financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover, 2409
Clark drive. -
Metal Workers' International Alliance,
Local No. 280.—-Meets evsry Thursday 7.30
p.m. at 112 Cordova strsst west. Room 4.
President A. J. Crawford; vice-president,
H. Spur; recording end ^corresponding ssc-
retary, Jas. Jamleson, 921 Drake strsst.
Financial secretary, B. A. Edworthy, 112
Cordova straet wast, Jamas Muds, treasurer; business agent, J. Pstsrs, Labor Hall.
psntera and Joiners; Vancouver District—Business agents, j, W. Wilkinson and
J. A. Key; office hours at Labor Hall, 8
to S a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.; phone Seymour
Tuesdays    at 8 p.m.  In Labor    Hall.
President, Mr. Wright; sscretary, h. Cartsr,
Boi 991.
fourth Wsdnssdays In Orangs Hall,
Hastings and Oora avenue at 8 p.m. Presldsnt, W. Manson; secretary, D. Mitchell,
South Hill.  B.  C-
Mondays at 8 p.m. In lodgs room,
2233 Granville street south, at Bj.ra, President; j. TItley; sserstary, J, Fowler, 833
Pacific strsst.
third Thursdays In Room 4, Labor
Hall at 8 p.m. President 0). Lambsrton
(Factory Workers); sserstary, J, Thompson,  149 Tenth avsnus sast.
Mondays in Orange - Hall at 8 p.m.
President Wm, A. West; sserstary, A. McLaren   1033 Richards street.
ternats Fridays in Arglcuitural Hall,
Central Park at 8 p,m. president, O. Man-
son; secretary, J. Anderson, Jr. Boi 223
Central Park, B. C
rJ In South Hili schoolhouoe. South Vancouver, every alternate Friday at 8
p.m. President, H. Raynsr; secretary R.
W. Jackson, South Vancouver, B. C
national Union, No, 1—Meets svsry
Tuesday, 8 p.m., O'Brien's Hall, corner
Homer and Hastings streets. Presldsnt,
James Heslett; vice-president, J. J. Welsh;
corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall,
Bot 53; financial secretary, F. R, Brown.
Business agent,, W. 8. Dagnall. 108 Hastings
street cast; phone Seymour 8799,
League, No. 676—Meets 514 Keefer
street, first and third Sundays ot each
month at 2:30 p.m. President, Chas. Lchr;
vice-president, H. H. Harrison; secretary,
Ulchard Dalton; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw;
business agent, John A, Fraser, 514 Keefer
street.   Phone Seymour 6226.
llonel Association of Machinists-
Meets in Labor Hall, second and fourth
Thursdays at 7:15 p.m. President, Robt,
Thomson; vice-president, Chas. Mutt Ivan:
recording secretary, J, Brookes; financial
nt-cretary, Jos. H, MoVety, 1744 Bruadway
west.   Phono Bayvlew 1141*
•j Electrical Workers Local Vnion No.
621 (inside Men)-Mssts Id Bartenders'
Hall, 34 Cordova strsst wast, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Presldsnt j.
Montgomery; vies-president, f. Duff; recording secretary, J. H. Carney. Empress
Hotel; financial sserstary. F. Woods;
Treasurer, w. Jarvls; feuslnsce agsnt, F.
America. Vancouver Local No. ISO— -
Meet* first and third Wsdnssdays la Labor
HaU at 8:30 p.m. Presldsnt. 0. ». Hsrrltt. ,
vice-president, J. W. Orson; recording secretary, Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business
agent, c. F. Burkhart, 439 Abbott street.
Phone  Seymour 817ft
V Honors' international Union of Asnap.
lea. Local No. 46—Meets In Room 4, Labor
Hall, every second and fourth Saturday at
7:30 p.m. President, McCurrach; vice-president j. Hendricks; treasurer H. Loaworthv;
secretary and business agent, &. Hutchlngs.
America, Vancouver Branch No. ITS—
Meetings held on tha first Friday la saeh
month at O'Brien*, Hall, corner Hastings
and Homsr streets, • p.m. Presldsnt H,
Nordland: vice-president, A Larson; sac*
retary, w. W. Hocken, 1582 Thirteenth
avenue sast, p. O. Boi 503; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Boi SOS.
North America, Vancouver    Branch—
Mocta In   Labor  Hall second and  fourth
Tussdaya    at    8 g-m.      Presldsnt,    FrsS
—-•--   -■        ijKt, "
nanciaT sicretary, Wm.' JaVdlnsf'treasurer.
Rumble: vice-president, Henry Hague; corresponding sserstary.   Jamas Ray bora;  f|.
-s- Decorators' Union, Local 138—Meets
In Labor Hall, 112 Cordova strest, every
Thursday n\ 7:30 p.m. Presldsnt, W. J.
Nngle, 1566 William street; vice-president,
•Johnson Bradley; financial aeerstary, F. J.
Harris. 1668 Robson strsst; recording secretary, Skene Thomson, Bub, p. o. No, Si
treasurer, B. Staples, 688 Hornby straet)
■conductgr, H. Whiteside; warden. Q. Powell.
Local  N.   1—Meete 614  Keefer street.
every Tuesday evening, 8 o'clock. President,
T. Burkes; secretary, T. M. Wright Bit
Pacific  atreet      Headquarters   61*f Keefer
street.    Phone Seymour 6826.
tlonal Alliance, Local no, 28ft—Meets
every Thursday 7:30 p.m. at 118 Cordova
street west Room 4. President H. Spear:
vice-president, J, iWr Heath; recording and
corresponding secretary, jas. Jamleson, 981
Drake street; financial secretary and business agent, j. Peters, 112 Cordova strset
west; conductor, H. Anderson; warden,
Thoa. Edgar.     _____
No. 62—Meets first and third Wednesday* of each month,- Labor Hall, 8 p,m.
President, R. Neville; secretary, P. O.
Hoeuke, Suite ft 1808 Woodland drive.
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617—
goete every Wednesday evening In Labor
Hall, 112 Cordova strset west at 7:30 p.m.
Executive committee meete every Tueeday
evening s p.m. President Murde McKen-
ale; recording secretary. Qeo. a Lee ley;
financial sserstary, l. ii. Burnham; trsasursr, j, w. Sohurman; business agent
«"o. W. Williams, Phono Seymour "sfe
Labor Hall.
joiners, South Vancouver Union No.
1208— Meets In Staple's Hall, Fraser and
Fiftieth avenues, first and third Tussdaya
of each month, President B. Hall, Cedar
Cottage; vice-president 8. Fraser, Fraser
avenue, P, p.; recording secretary, B. H.
Belssy 863 Tenth avenue east; financial
secretary, J. A, Dickenson, South Vancouver P. O, ■  .   . - '
Union of America, Local No. 357—
Meeta In Labor HsJi on ths first Tuesday
in each month at 8 p.m. presldsnt, Robert
J Craig; vice-president, D. A, McMillan:
secretary J. C Pouser. Mainland Cigar
Factory, 112 Cordova street west; labs
custodian and treasurer, B. W. Johnson;
delegates to Trades and Labor Council, j.
C Peuser, Miles Nugent, R. J. Craig.
No. 226—Meets In Labor Hall' last
Sunday of each month at 8:30 p.m. Presl-
?.?"*■, ?**• 8. Armstrong; vlce-presldsnt, O,
W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, B. H. Neelands, P.O. Boi 66: sergeant-at-arms, a
Pmske; readlna cleric, W. H. Youhlllj eg-
ecutlve committee; presldsna, vice-president, secretary-treasurer, W. R. Trotter, O.
Bartley, h. Hunt and l, B. Dennlson; dele-
gates to Allied Trades Council, A- H. Bng-
lond, t. Kean and H. Neelands; delegates
to Trades and Labor Counoll, R. P, Pettlplece, w. R.- Trotter, H. C. Benson, O. W.
Palmer, w. s. Armstrong and Q- Bartley.
pany, Ltd.—Directors, Fred A. Hoover,
Chas, Stows, a Thompson, jga, H, MoVety, James Brown, El ward Lothian, James
Campbell, J. w, Wilkinson, R. p, pettipiece, John MoMIWan and Murdoch Me-
Kensle. Officers! Presldsnt. Jaa Brown;
vice*preeldent, John McMillan; sserstary
and managing director, Jas. H. McVety,
Labor Hall, phone Seymour 1360, residence
1744 Broadway west, phone Bayvlsw 114L;
treasurer, Jas. Campbell, residence 1894
Fourth avenue west Phone Bayvlsw 86BR.
of America, British Columbia Division,
Canadian Pacific System, Division No, .1.
Meets 11 a.m. third Sunday in month, at
O'Brien's Hall. Local chairman. J, F.
Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local secretary- treasurer, A, T. Oberg, Boi 439, or
1003 Burrard street, Vancouver.
Our Type & Model Systetri
A splendid achievement in designing and proportioning, by
which men ot every weight, figure and height may be fitted
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"A Fit for every, figure" "A Style-tor every taate"
garments are worn by the best dressed men in Canada, from ocean to ocean
.APRIL 5, i91l
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The Garment Section is Completely
Ready to Attend to Your Needs
By this we mean that Spring stocks are now praotioally
replete and inolude models that hold high favor here and
elsewhere, .This season's aggregation of new models is
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been so noteworthy. There is ample selection here, of good
oloths for women desiring to dress well and with good taste.
IN TA1LOBBD SUITS the stook inoludesa wide range of
models in fine serge, diagonal suitings, whipcords, double-
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The  most scientific
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The one way for filling or crown-,
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Office Open Evenings Hours 9 to 8
Bank ft Ottawa Building
. Cor. Seymour and Hillings
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Firming, Dairying
Stock snd Poultry
Brttlih Colombia Grants P*e-empttoni of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: ReiiLace on the land [or tt least
two vein; impidVMMs to the extent of $2.50
per sere; payment of $40 at" the end of two
yean, snd the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instilments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
The Secretary, Bureau of Provtoialjlnforaiation
Padmore's Big Cigar Store, 642 Granville Street
Macdonald, Marpole Company, Ltd.
Twurxy-nvx yeabs
of b. o. hovemekt
The Strugglu of B. C. Worksrs
In Various Fermi for Past
Quarter of a Cintury.
(With this Issns The IMeratlealet seats..
u«s th. publication of s esrlea at artlolss eeaa-
pJled tjr so old-timer la tha oriaalsM lakor
movsmsnt from aathorltaUfe    —
arlni the hlsterr t the local labor man-
sua! for tha past twsatr-nm rears. Mat
the rsvlsw will ha appreciate! kr eves
thoaa who are tusr ■roaklnj hlswrr" la
these stlrrlu asn-aars wsttk llTlns—Is
osrtala).—BC JvasratleaUrt.
The year 1887 saw Port Moody move
down tbe Inlet to Vincouver ind also
the pining ot Its struggling little
newspaper, the "Oaiette," which had
been launched In great ixpiotatloni ot
blooming thl "monarch of all dalUei"
ot this province.
Vancouver now enjoyed activity la
continuous building operations, thin
hiving been over 800 buildings irected
during the yeir. In addition to the
extending ind griding ot itreets ind
laying ot sidewalks ind other road Improvement!, some ot the huge olty
undertakings were now being puihed
forward, among which were a general
sanitation and sewerage system. Consequently employment tar navvies—
mostly "Otalians," "Pat" being on the
Job too—wis brisk during 1887 and
Eleven hours a day was ths rule—
the eleventh hour being considered
overtime—at 17 to 20 cent! an hour.
Of course the most Important event
that happened was the completion of
the Capilano waterworks.
The first Plpi
acrou the First Narrow! wis successfully lsid by Capt Chai. Cates on August 28, 1888. In Hay, about 5o Italians went on strike near the Capilano
Canyon, snd refused to dig any more
in the trenches unless an Increase ot
wages was forthcoming. In a couple
of days they went back to work on
the contractor's terms, but in order
that no one could do as much work
as formerly, each man out a piece oil
bis shovel, consequently all had short
shovels and less work was done.'
All Boris of trickery was now Indulged In to get names on the voters'
list, the K. of L. taking a leading hind
In persuading workingmen to enroll.
Contractors and others also were busy
getting voters. As a result, 1638
names uppeared on the 1888 lists. It
was estimated that there were fully
2000 men located In and around the
olty, and It did not matter what their
nationality was—so long as they were
citizens—they were expected to register anyway. When next election day
arrived, there were a great number of
absentees, and It was openly declared that the lists had been "stuffed."
Labor Legislation.
Among other things agitated by op
ganlzed labor was "that it shall be
lawful and right for the government
to give grants to night schools."
Another thing that tbe K. of L. agitated for was "the repeal of all laws
tending to the monopolisation of land,
and for the gradual abolition of private ownership of land snd the present system of Indirect taxation; and
the substitution therefor of a system
it taxing land values whereby the people will be reinstated In their Inherent
rights as possessors of the land."
"That on all money by-laws all
householders shall be entitled to
"To make the establishment of arm-
ad and uniformed private police and
detective bodies Illegal."
"Contractors on all government
work to observe tbe eight-hour day,
and five hours on Saturday, under
penalty of forfeiture of contract."
"To provide pupils of all schools
with books free of charge."
"To abolish the Senate of Canada."
"The abolishing of ,
Convict Labor
by the Federal Government, and that
irlson-made goods be marked to Inform intending purchasers that they
ire such."
"That all workshops in Canada shall
be regularly and properly Inspected by
competent government inspectors,
holding the confidence of organised
That the assessment rolls shall be
"That the working class of Canada
bring opt candidates in the constituencies in which they reside."
The abolishment of assisted Immigration."
Trssson (?)
"That the office of Lieutenant Governor In each province be abolished,
as being unnecessary, and that the office of Governor-General be filled by
popular vote." This resolution was
carried by the Dominion Trades and
Labor Congress on Sept, 28, 1887, and
approved by K. of h. members here.
Wm. McAndrew, delegate of Hamilton i ypographlcal Union, held that the
congress was treading on dangerous
ground, and would incur the risk of being called anarchists and Socialists.
A" delegate called the Governor-General a bull pup. A representative of
Queen Victoria should not be called
by that name, he argued, amidst Ironical laughter. They might Just as well
start to abolish the connection of Canada with the British Crown. It may
be added here that a strong feeling tn
fsvor of Canadian independence prevailed In the ranks of organised labor
all over tbe Dominion.
The law for the collection of debts
wss declared oppressive and condemned.
(Many decisions of the Small Debt
Courts ot B. C. are shining examples
of how poor people can be persecuted.)
Organized labor "demanded (1887)
manhood suffrage at the hands of the
> Ths "Truck System"
for the payment of wage! wai common in the lumber mill! and Canneries
of this province, and was condemned
In scathing terms by labor leaders of
B. C. as well as In Eastern Canada.
The "fair" or "standard" wage clauss
waa advocated tor all government contracts.
"That an act be passed to abolish
the principle of voting for municipal
officers and councillors in other wards
than that in which the voter resides."
The contract system on all public
works was recommended,
Proper Inspection of stationary en-
sines and boilers wss advocated by
the K. ot L. in 1887.
(The Local Trades and Labor Council disposed of this in 1888.)
"BonuBlng Industries" and "professional bonus hunters" was condemned
by the working people In general of
this province,
"The organisation of female labor,
to the end that better wages and
shorter hours of tabor may be accorded them," was strongly advocated by
labor leaden of the province.
A New Era.
Subsequent to the local Chinese
riots of 1887, large numbers ot work
ingmen kept coming and going. In
1888 work in Vancouver, in fact In all
the cities in British Columbia, wai
good, but It wu better across the line
in the neighboring State of Washington, when higher wages were the
rule. In Seattle the real estate boom
had Just begin to show Itself, but
greater doings were going on at Ti-
coma. Thl old steamer, Premier, left
this port weekly for Puget Sound
ports with more than a full passenger
list—all bound to."the land of promise" to reside there permanently.
For thl time being nothing seemed
to be settled. Several of the leading
Knights of Labor worked their political "puUV to a finish; old members
and true lift one by one, ind the'once
thoroughly organised and powerful
Knights of Labor became a body In
name only, with only a few Knights
in good standing on the roll. It may
here be stated that this ones noble
order held that tha rights ot ufbor
could only be obtained through political action, and'that meant thlt all
public bodies must be controlled by
"true" Knights. Tall give rise to factions in the local assemblies, which
ultimately broke them up.
A new tide then let in In labor attain. Skilled tradei and other occupation! begin to grow large enough to
form tradei unions. This wis thl firat
turning point ot organised labor. The
initial trade union in this city wis
that of
Thl Printers.
In May, 1887, they applied for a
charter for a Typographical Union. It
was granted to Messrs. Ed, Cameron,
Henry Murray, "Hobo" Thompson,
"Pet" Maher, A A Anderson, Robert
(Dr.) Matheion, Ed. Evans, Ed. Bar-
glson snd Robt Todd.
Just previous to this embryo union,
Fred Shakespeare, secretary of Victoria and organiser of the I. T. U„ In
answer to Mr, F. a-Cotton's request,
deputized Robt. Todd to go to Vancouver and settle the trouble which had
arisen over a proposed new scale In
the Advertiser bfflce. On the morning of May 24,1887—the day of the arrival of the flnt through passenger
train on the C. P. R., In this olty—all
differences were adjusted, and a wage
scale agreed to by Mr. Cotton and the
men, In the old Reglna Hotel, which
waa located on the present lite of the
King Edward Hotel. Thti hotel was
the only building that wai left standing after the great ure of the previous
The firat charter got lost in the
mails, and after a few months' duration another effort wai made, and
through the offices of Secretary
Shakespeare, Typographical Union No.
226 came into existence. Several of
the firat contingent of printers had
left the city and became' scattered.
Then on January 22, 1888, a meeting
of the Journeymen printers ot Vancouver was held at the White Swan
Hotel (on the site of the St. Francis
Hotel), to form a union. There were
present Messrs. W. M. Witters, F. J.
Waterman, W. A. Calhoun, A. A. Anderson, D. A. Munro, P. Whltworth, T.
Kerr, J. W. Grier and J. W. Qunn. Mr.
Watters was appointed chairman and
Mr. Guirn secretary. Letters from F.
Shakespeare, of the Victoria union,
snd tbe secretary of the I. T. U. were
read, showing that the charter sent by
the latter in the previous year—the
year of the Queen's Jubilee In 1887—
had been lost. Then on motion of Mr.
Waterman and Mr. Anderson, tt wss
decided that application be made tor
a new charter and'anew list of names
be forwarded, which waa accordingly
carried out, and the union has ever
since maintained a permanent organization, ihe new charter was issued
on Feb. 7, 1888, and.at a subsequent
meeting permanent officers were elected ss follows: President, W. M. Wat-
ten; vice-president, Alex. A. Anderson; financial secretary and treasurer,
D. A. Munro; recording secretary, J.
W. Gunn; aergeant-at-arma, F. J. Waterman. The executive committee comprised A. A. Anderson, J. M. Wright
and D. A Munro. About the first
trouble the new union had was In the
spring of 1888. It was the enforcing
of the scale and new rules in tbe Her-
aid office, then located on the corner
ot Cambie and Hastings streetB.
Ex-Alderman Brown was editor and
publisher. The.Herald wu the first
paper published In mis city.
In December, 1888, A. A. Anderson,
Michael Garvey, Bert E. Nye, D. Car-
ley and Jas. Webster were appointed
a committee, with full powers to act,
to Interview the other labor organizations In tbe city for the purpose of
forming a trades and labor council,
but It did not materialize till a year
The union has always adopted a
policy of progresslveness, but at the
same time was sure of each foot be-
fore attempting to make a step forward. Unionism by the printers Is
looked upon ss a purely business proposition, snd tt Is only when politicians Interfere with the rules of the organization that the union as a body
will go Into party politics, and this
they have no hesitancy In doing the
world over.
The next union on record formed In
Vancouver was that of the Stevedores
In the spring of 1888, In Reefer's Hall
on Alexander street. For about 16
yean afterwards this body maintained a thorough organisation on the
waterfront, and was one of the strongest on the coast. Wages were low,
and a great deal of favoritism had
been shown, but this wss soon rectified. The stevedores was a purely local organization, being known as Stevedores' Union, No. 1. Among those
who were prominent at tbe time were
P. A. Olsen, Geo. Noonan, "Belfast"
Courtney, J. Spearing, Colin Macdonald, "Shorty" Amos, Ben Hughes,
Jack Hardy, C. H. Thompson, C.
Leah, W. Cartwrlght, F. Lamb, C.
Leer, W. Elliott, J. Powell, J. Austin,
W. Brooks, and a host of others. A
large number of the membership had
been memben of the Knights of Labor. The 'longshoremen were certainly a power for good. About tbe flnt
piece of legislation put forward by
them was: "That the Federal Government be petitioned to pass a law
compelling all Canadian bottomed vessels, whether steam or sail, to carry
competent crews of seamen; also a
law making It necessary to have hulls
and rigging properly Inspected; and
alio a law to stop the loading of vessels below a certain mark, to be designated by said Inspector."
Brswsry Workers Get Raise.
The Brewery Workere at St. Catherines, Ont, have received an advance
In wages as the result of the efforts
of Secretary J. D. Corcoran of the
Toronto local. In addition to an all-
round Increase of $1.60 a week a nine-
hour work day Is provided for.
How thl "Dresmera" Do It.
The coal mlnen of Nanalmo subscribe! I860 towards the Socialist campaign fund some three weeks before
the recent election. This probably accounts somewhat for the results obtained. Goods sre generally delivered
to those who pay the freight,
Between Ourselves
"Enclosed find a dollar for a year'i
•ub, to Thl Federatlonist • •:'•
More later, as the boys bays Just "discovered" the belt labor paper la Canada. « • • Will be glad to see it
converted into a weekly, as hu bun
suggested."—W. B. Meliaao, Tmlr,
"I dulre to thank yon for having
been good enough to lend mi a simple of your paper. I appreciate It
very much, and to my mind thl trade
unionists of B. O. should hi proud of
It and If they give It thl support It
deserves there is no doubt that Thl
B. C. Federatlonist will be a gnat
factor In solving the many problems
confronting labor. Yon will find an
order for II In payment of a year'i
•ub."—R. S. T/erd, Winnipeg, Man.
Bertram di Willi (It ipelli like the
name of a count) of Greenwood, B. C,
secretary of the Mlnen' Union, sends
■long three subs, ind threatens to do
It some more. All of whloh will count
for mora than countless count!.
Ten yearly sub. cards for 17.60. Or-
der today. '
Has your union subscribed in a body
yet? in bunches of over ten, 60 cents
a year, If paid In advance.
It would be Interesting to know
whit formula would have to be prepared to itlr up the dozens of union
secretaries in thli province who hive
fallen sound sslsep. Some one of the
membership should suggest an obituary notice in the very next Issue of
The Federatlonist.
mobridi promises better
Mini inspection in future
The executive board of District 28
ot the United Mine Worken of America, with headquarter! at Nanalmo,
have been after the provincial government for thl non-enforcement of thl
Coal Mines Regulation Act. Letten
recently addressed to Premier McBride; covering a number.of gross
violation! and making specific obliges
have seemingly itirred the premier to
action, for he has replied to the district secretary thst unless ths regulations are enforced hereafter there
will be mine inspectors put on tho
Job who will do their duty. As a result there his been a shaking of dry
bones, and the percentage of accidents snd unnecessary death tell
among Vincouver Island coal-diggers
may bs materially lessened as a result of. the agitation of the mlnen'
organisation. Another factor that
probably hid something to do with
the promptness of the premier's action is the faot that the mlnen carry
their unity of purpose to the ballot
box on election days as well ss work
days; as was splendidly shown on
Thundsy of last week. The mlnen
ot the Crows Nest coal fields might
well take notice.
With few exceptions the constitution and bylaws ot the B. C. Federation of Labor, adopted at the second
annual convention In Victoria In January last, have been ratified by the
membership and, will, therefore, be
enforced after the next meeting of
the executive. The most Important
change was an increase in the per
capita tax from 1 cent to 2 cents per
month per member.
Magnus Sinclair, executive board
member of the Street Railway Employees' Association, with headquarters at Toronto, is covering sn assignment in the province of Alberta. He
Is completing organisation work and
assisting In scale negotiations for the
Calgary and Edmonton divisions.
Ontario Machinists Active.
Lou Beuloin, general organizer In
Canada for the Machinists, is busy In
Ontario towns Just now, and reports
good progress.
Frisco Unsmplsyed Demonstrating.
The unemployed of San Francisco
are becoming noisy, and, like the
workers of this portion of the Pacific
Coast, refuse to calmly and meekly
starve to death. Hence atreet parades
with the usual results.
Winnipeg Typos Sign Up.
Winnipeg Typos (news) have signed up a new scale for one year, carrying an increase of SI per week all
round. The Job scale Is still under
negotiation. Winnipeg Bookbinders
are also after a raise In wages.
When labor declares a strike, the
brutality of capitalism becomes exposed.
The many strikes In various parts
of the world will teach the working
class to strlks ut the ballot box.
Massachusetts that was once hailed
as the "cradle of liberty," Is now
known as the morgue of freedom.
The Individual working man Is absolutely lost in so far ss the means of
Improving or maintaining his position
Is concerned In the modern mill, factory, and mine.
Trade unions enable the workers to
collectively achieve by united effort
that which It is Impossible to acquire
single-handed and alone — Cigar
makers' Journal.
The International Typographical
union celebrates Its sixtieth anniversary this year.
Trafficking In His Nsme.
Fraternal Delegate Roberts, In his
address to the recent convention ot
the American Federation of Labor,
said, In part: "• • • A few years
back one of our progressive newspapers organized a sweated Industry
exhibit, and I learned there (In England) that the folding of the Bible and
Prayer Book sheets was done for a
penny a hundred sheets. * And I
learned that the women and girls who
had seen folding up God's Word were
compelled to go out at night and earn
what their employers denied them."
Though the capitalists remain In the
background, they nevertheless command the political' situation.
To secure to each laborer the whole
product of his labor, or as nearly as
possible, Is a worthy object of any
government—Abraham Lincoln.
The power of the people to produce
should be the measure of their freedom to consume; for, if they are able
to produce In abundance, they should
be free to enjoy that abundance.—
John Collins.
A wage-slave Is a man, woman, or
child who produces wealth for a boss
and only gets a fifth of what Is produced in the shape of wages.
Those superior people who preach
"dignity" of labor to the workere are
content to remain "undignified" all
their lives.
Workers united are Invincible; divided invisible.
It ii a good thing to know whim rnn nin birr i groin1 TfwtmJIa.
and where your ideas ai to prioe and quality oan nattily beeatie-
fled. You probably know ot our SPECIAL UMBBBLLA AT
11.00, good top and trustworthy framed a variety oil
T. B. Cuthbertson 8e Co., Limited
846 Hastings W. 811 Hiatlns* W. |"
Nasmad IhessAre W»gmmm»tir
Mad* In Mon-Vnlm WSSmwlmt
Do not buy any Shoe
no matter what lta name, nnlm It bean a
plain and readable ImprtMtea of tak Stamp.
All shoes wltkont thl Union Stamp an
•Iwiys Non-Union.
US Summer Street, Beaton. Miss.
John F. Tobln, Pros. Chas. L. Balne, IM.-Treas.
Get Your Money's Worth:
Many dealers will try to induce you to tak* some other brand
Why?    For larger profits sake.       Don't let them tool yon.
pihomxes a Bat should aot only
rask< upon being served by Union
Mixologists, but
The Kegi Bear the Label
"Boom all Union Labels"
Don't You
Want to
Do That ?
—should receive the support of tradei unionists
above all labels. Every time it is used it means
a boom for all labels and unionism, fj Union
newspapers are more favorable to organized labor
than non-union sheets, fj That's support you
want when in trouble, ij By demanding their
label you not only help printers, but advance
labor's cause, and that HELPS HUMANITY.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
If easy running, fait cutting and an absolute guarantee count for anything in a hand law, then every mechanic should use thii Simondi Saw.
It it certainly much different from other laws. Let us tell you whys
or better yet, let the Simondi tell its own story.
111 Hilling! It. W.
Phone Seymour 204
The Beer Without
a Peer
The Vancouver Breweries
.'.;..APRIL 5,1912
New Store
Invites you to visit
the store to look
as well as to buy
Money  Saving  Prices
Everything to Eat
Money   Saving   Prices
Cor. Pender and Gamine Sts.
Phone Exchange Sey. 5868
Phons Seymour 4410 420 Hastings W.
Fred Petty
LIAS moved from
"835 Pender St
to 518 Hornby St.
a few doors horn
Pender. Before you
order a suit come in
snd look over our
stock.1 Use the label
U. B. C. AND J. OF A.
Since writing The Federatlonist last,
several things have happened In the
U. B. and we feel that some ot the
happenings will be to the benefit of
tbe Carps. In this vicinity.
First and chiefest of all was the appointment aa organizer for the Northwest, of B. p. Grant of New Westminster. Bro. Grant had the unanimous
endorsatlon of all the local unions in
this district and also of Victoria, a
good, In fact the beat, testimonial he
could receive ot the high esteem and
confidence the membership have for
and In him.
Next In Importance Is the step taken
by the D. C. They having arranged
to take over the management of business agents and placed another agent
in the Held. We believe this will work
greatly to the ndvantage ot the U. B.
and indirectly assist In organisation
and reorganization of several of the
other trades.
Mr. Bert Phillips of South Van-
couver Local was the new man selected to act as business agent tor the
D. C.
Mr. 0. W. Williams, the old wheel
horse and Vest business agent In
British Columbia, was of course re.
talned, and very wisely, too, for who
could do better?
Incidentally we might mention that
B. A. Williams has erected a house on
his property in Collingwood Bast, has
removed his tamily and the dog there,
to and now puts on allthe airs of the
country gentleman. All right, George.
Continue to be proud; all the rest
are envious.
That there Ib more work doing Is
evidenced by the fact that more than
twice as many calls for carpenters
during March as compared with Feb
ruary was had in the secretary's office.
Do you all member the pleasant,
courteous little lady who formerly
presided In Labor Hall as stenograph-
er and typewriter? But, of course, you
do, for who'could forget? Well, your
scribe bad the pleasure ot spending a
most delightful afternoon and evening
with Mr. and Mrs. LeFaux Sunday,
March 31st, at Hollyburn, the beautiful. I would advise the carps, that
in our opinion it Ib all right and that
Mr. Lefeaux may, without reserve, be
endorsed by the union. Not that he
is good enough for our sister carpenter, but just that he Is hot too bad.
Many thanks, my kind host and pleasant hostess. May your content and
Happiness grow greater, it .that be possible.
To the non-union carpenter: If
there Is nothing except the dollar that
appeals to you,. If the principles of
unionism are not sufficiently developed in you to make you Bee the advantage of organization, let us appeal
to you in the only other way. We are
having more calls for csrpenters than
wo can nil, and, of course,' we give
the job to the man who carries a card.
Get busy and get yourself a card. Call
on Secretary Burnham at Labor Hall,
make your application for membership and get a job as a prize. This
is about the only way you can be
reached and the quicker you call and
make arrangements, the quicker you
get the prize (the job).
of these books selling
Ingersoll's 24 Lectures - , .50
Dr. Brown's True Marriage
Guide - - - .50
The Escaped Nun, Mary
Moult      -      -      -     .60
The People's Bookstore
152 Cordova W.
E. T. Kingsley
"The shop where progressive thought is
merged with the
Dealers .in
Stoves and Metals
Stove Castings and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Hardy Bay
Farm Lands and Building Lots
to Hiinply the world from their mllla, mines and factoriali the ciiotiilmi
of Industry all over the world hove npent millions to help wako up the
Orient; the name nuin Indirectly ciuwed the bullilltis of tho I'imaiim
( until to handle the slow freight and resources of the Orient for tho
inurki'tH of Europe.
. The same captains of Industry are to make Hardy Boy the terminal
for all the imsHenser service, mall and font freight, are now spending fortunes on preliminary work In the district.
JAPAN (IN THE PAIEIC COAST, which will eonncct the three groat
trunk railroads with the Oriental and Alaskan lleet.
oa» as •arrriD raosi babot bat bt bailboad-tboi bay.
PACIFIC TO THE ORIENT. Mammoth coal and Iron deposits hove
hern discovered near tho harbor. Well-known financiers ore cnntemplut.
ng bulliling om- of the largest Steel plants In the world. They also
Intend to build n Pulp Mill that wll be second to nono on the continent.
Hardy liny wll also couture the Alaskan trade, and Is the only natural
dy liny ...
gateway of the
of the North.
  couture the Alaskan trade, and II  ,  „,„,
Pacific Coast—und Is destined to become the Metropolis
40-Acre Farms       City Building Lots
Western Farming and Colonization
Office: 5 Wiflch Bldg. Vancouver, B. C.
Combine Business with Pleasure
and Add Many Recruits to
LADYSMITH, B. C, April 2.—The
miners here held a grand smoking
concert for the purpose of educating
their members as to the advantages
to be obtained hy organisation.
Among the speakers of the evening
were President Harlln of District No.
10; International Board Member Pettigrew, J. H. McVety, J. McMillan,
Vancouver, and the Conservative candidate for Ladysmlth, Dr. Dler, who
has since died a political death.
After refreshments were served, the
chairman, in a heat and concise
speech, outlined the purpose of the
smoker and that it was the intention
of the executive to hold these gather-
lngs every two weeks, and he was
sure that they-would result in much
good accruing to those who attended.
Mr. Dler was asked to speak on Industrial Unionism, but he asked to be
excused as he did not come to the
concert with the intention of speaking; he came to listen to the songs
and recitations and was sure the audience would not care to listen to
speeches with such an excellent programme before them.
Mr. McMillan made a few remarks
along the line of solidarity and hoped
that the lessons to be learned from
the British miners' strike would be of
much benefit, not only to the miners
on Vancouver Island but to the craft
unionists of the province. He also
said that It they wanted legislation
tor the better regulation of the mines
that they would get it by electing a
member of their class; and that all
the legislation passed by the McBride
government in the Interests ot the
working class could be written on
the back oi a postage stamp.
President Harlln of District No. 10
was very pleased to be with the coal
miners of Ladysmlth and hoped that
they would keep up the good work
they were doing In getting the camp
Mr. McVety congratulated the miners ot Ladysmlth In having a mayor
whom they thought worthy of Inviting
to their social evenings; as it was
more than any union in Vancouver
would do, invite their mayor to attend such social functions, owing to
the manner in which the mayor of
Vancouver had handled the recent
free speech fight. He would have liked
to have heard Dr. Dier'a speech on
Industrial Unionism, and would like
the audience to look, up tbe Dental
Act on the statutes of the province
and see for themselves what sort of
closed shop the dentists had in this
province; that It was Impossible for
a dentist to practice without becoming
a member of the dentists' union. He
was of the opinion that If they wanted
a tooth pulled they should have it done
by Dr. Dler, but If they wanted to
have better enforcement of. the Mines
Regulation Act It should be done by
one of their own class, a man who had
worked In the mines, who had been
taken trom the mines to represent
them in the house at Victoria, and
that man was Parker Williams. He
was sorry that the unionists ot the
Mainland were not so much alive to
their interests aB the workers of Ladysmlth. Every time a delegation trom
the unions visited Victoria on legislative matters, Parker Williams was
the first to offer assistance.
Board Member pettigrew was
pleased to see so many members present. It was a better way to spend a
Saturday evening, where every one
could enjoy himself and hear a first-
rate concert for a very small sum.
Over twenty songs and recitations
were listened to, and while none of
the performers were ot the Slgnor
Caruso class, the miners have every
reason to congratulate themselves on
haying such a variety of talent.
Seventy-one . miners have been
brought up dead trom a mine In
Welch, West Virginia, in which an ex-
plosion took place March 26. The
miners, who are unorganized, claim
that It could have been avoided and
that they had warned the officials.
Two hundred orphans have been
made as the result of the explosion.
Vancouver Building Trades Council.
The Building Trades Council was
organised for the purpose of giving its
affiliated unions the greatest possible
return for their per capita tax; by doing Ub best to have every man that
works on a building join the union of
the trade he follows, and to secure a
standard workmanship on buildings,
in order that the people who want
buildings erected will have the value
of their money, and will also have the
pleasure of saying that this building
waa erected by men who received a
living wage, and no more.
There are a tew buildings being
erected In this city where the minimum rate of wages Ib not being pa
and, needless to. say, there are no
union men employed on the Jobs.
At our last meeting we decided to
endorse the principles of Socialism,
by a vote of eighteen for to four
against, and one delegate refrained
from voting.
With the exception of the Tilelay-
ers, the affiliated unions reported trade
improving, and In some Instances
membership increasing—the blacklist
of the various meal ticket associations ot the employers and others who
never worked on a building notwithstanding.
The report of the Building Trades
department for the fiscal year ending
August 31, 1911, showB a loss of
1687.60, although there is a balance on
hand September 1, of (3,235.96.
The Brotherhood of Painters paid in
per capita tax the sum of 13,216.21,
and were the largest union affiliated.
The union paying the smallest per
capita was the I. A Heat, Frost, Snow
and Wet Weather Insulators and Asbestos Workers, with the sum of
The president and secretary-Treasurer or the Building Trades department each receive a salary of 12,000
per year, and the expenditure for the
past year was $19,086.09. A great deal
ot time is spent by the secretary in
dictating circular letters to local councils enunciating the laws, rules and
regulations of the department. As a
sure cure for insomnia they can give
the American Federatlonist cards and
spades, snd that's going some!
J. McM.
Bricklayers Lining Up.
At the last convention of the Bricklayers and Masons favorable action
was again taken to submit the question of affiliation with the American
Federation ot Labor to a referendum
vote of the membership. The entire
western section ot the country is practically unanimous In favor of affiliation, and Is using every .influence to
secure favorable action when the vote
is taken. The national officers of the
Bricklayers and Masons have for years
expressed themselves aB favorable to
affiliation, but tbe membership has
thus far refused to become a part of
the general movement by affiliation.
The prospects at this time are brighter for favorable action than at any
period heretofore.
Tuberculosis and Unions.
It is becoming- recognized by scientific health authorities that tuberculosis Is a result of poverty and malnutrition, at least to a very large extent.
Of course this disease finis victims
among the well-to-do classes, but the
fact that the death rate continues without perceptible diminution proves that
while modern science has been able to
apparently cure the dread disease in
Its early stages the cause of the disease has hot been seriously attacked.
Dr. Edwin F. Bowers, an eminent authority on this subject,' prescribes
good food, proper clothing, sanitary
homes, short hours, high wages, com'
pensatlon for injured workmen and the
substitution of the "Golden Rule" for
he "Rule of Gold." His prescription
and that ot the unions are Identical-
Shoe Workers' Journal.
No man ever created a single atom
of anything in nature; all he does Is
to labor to make it useful. For mil
lions of years the little cell-builders
labored to store up coal and build up
forests and perfect plant lite, and
here the Rockefellers and Morgans
claim that it all belongs to them on
account of what they call their superior brains. Poor, silly Rockefeller
can't make a hair grow on his own
head, far less add anything to nature,
nor does he expend any labor power
to make anything useful.—From "Nature Talks on Economics," by Caroline
. Cushion Sole and Extra Dry
Shod 85.50,  86.00
Men's Velour Cnlf and Gun Metal Bluchers, new styles, high-toon — $4.50, $5
Opp. City Hall Repairing
I ain't the man who led the way
A rldln' proud and stately;
I walked for miles in the display:
The same fatigued me greatly.
I wasn't of the chosen few,
Silk hatted and high collared;
I did Jes' what they told me to—
I am the man who hollered.
They told me I was needed there;
Sech doln's always has 'em—
The folks who forwards the affair
With their enthusiasm.
I never tried to make a speech,
Not bein' any scollard;
I merely jlned the general screech—
I am the man who hollered.
I've had to meet with some expense
That couldn't be neglected,
My achln' head, It feels immense,
I'm weary and dejected.
Not one of 'em could tell my name—
Those leaders whit I follered.
A patriot all unknown to fame—
I am the man who holleed.
(Isn't he a beaut?)
R. A. F.
Under the monopoly of our Industries and the private ownership of our
natural resources, that "equal chance"
has been lost which our fathers en-
Joyed through the freedom to all ot
forest and farm and undeveloped industrial opportunity. What we Social,
ists want Is collective ownership by
the people of the things which are
necessary to their collective. Industries
to make them Independent ot private
control, This is ths only basis upon
which It Is possible to establish an
efficient administration of industry
and equality of opportunity for the
people who are to do the work.—From
"Incentive Under Socialism," by Warren Atkinson.
Comrades and Brothers:—
A war of extermination against all
organized efforts of the working class
is on in San Diego. Big business has
begun its rule of "bipod and Iron" so
long threatened by Harrison Gray Otis
of the Los Angeles Times.
"Emergency ordinance's," "moveon
ordinances" have been whipped out of
the council and are used with bloody
vengeance to move pickets, break up
all street meetings, and terrorise weak
hearts Into servile submission.
The city and county Jails are filled
with old and young, with broken heads
—Socialists, Unionists and industrialists—for the crime of congregating
upon the public streets and discussing
the unemployed problem; for holding
street parades and tor daring to defend member! of organised labor when
in the clutches ot the master butchers.
Other Jails In other counties are being filled with .union men arrested and
beaten up in San Diego. Money appropriated to build big stockade to
hold other hundreds. Union carpenters refused to build-bull pen; scabs
at work..
Thirty-eight Socialists and union
men Indicted by grand Jury charged
with criminal conspiracy. Many of
them of national reputation. Big bust
ness boasts It will send them all to
San Quentln. Meetings broken up by
police with drawn clubs. Men and
women left with broken heads bleeding unconscious on pavement Hun:
dreds drenched with fire hose for
hours, among them many women and
children. Mrs. William Thurston
Brown, Wife of the well-known Socialist writer and author, nearly drowned
while standing on sidewalk.
Entire working class of San Diego
standing a unit against the most
atrocious barbarities by police thugs
since the days of Cripple Creek and
Tellurlde. Dally capitalist press calling for murder ot all active workers
by militia. Members ot Western Federation of Miners among the arreBted.
J. Edward Morgan, who Is here In
the fight, bulldozed for hours and
threatened with being put out of the
way for the part he played in raising
money for the defence of Moyer, Haywood and Pettlbone. Police told him
he was marked and would be put out
of the way.  He Is still on the Job.
Union men thrown into auto, taken
many miles and beaten nearly to death
hy thugs In uniform. War to the death
Is declared here. Plnkertons skulk
everywhere. No backing down! We
must whip these tyrants into the dirt.
We need money at once. Come to our
assistance, brothers and comrades
everywhere. Lend a hand while we
have yet strength and life to fight.
By order of the Executive Board,
KASPBR BAUER, Secy-Treas.,
631-532 Union Building,
San Diego, California.
Supply and demand will compel the
readjustment of the pay for agreeable
work downward and of the pay tor disagreeable work upward, so that the
human energy consumed will be at
least as well compensated tn one occupation as It would be in other occupations. Nothing else Is finally possible because nothing else Is right.—
From "Incentive Under Socialism," by
Warren Atkinson.
Winnipeg Single Taxers are trying
to show the phenomenal growth ot
Vancouver and Victoria under single
tax. These cities are new compared
with Seattle and other American cities,
snd anybody with any common sense
knows they must grow ss their geographical position forces them to;
because they are growing does not
prove that the working class get bet
ter off. It acts Just the opposite. Come
here and see.
We have been trying to tell the Liberals for the last tour years that they
were dead. Now perhaps they will be
Soldiers have been sent for to drive
the strikers out of Aberdeen, Wash.,
and surrounding districts. Who said
the ruling class had any bralnst
There can be no question that the
avenues of personal development in
the United States are fast becoming
closed and that henceforth the American working man will have to rely
more upon his efforts as a member of
his class than upon his own personal
efforts for his Individual success.
Henceforth his lot In life becomes to
an ever increasing degree dependent
upon the conditions of others like himself. He eannot rlss out of the work.
Ing class. He Is Inevitably and
Irremediably confined to the class to
which he belongs, and his economic
position becomes more and more determined by the economic position ot
the class. Hence his whole salvation
depends upon class action.—From
The Militant Proletariat," by Austin
Some industrial unionists Insist that
government Ib but the "shadow, ot
economic power." In San Diego the
"shadow," In the form of the police
clubs, Is manifesting itself In an exceedingly material manner. Strikers,
sympathisers, and the public generally,
are being beaten up with generous
impartiality by the police ruffians, recruited from the ranks of the working
cUbs. Not unlike Vancouver some
weeks ago, in fact.
May Day In Europe.
May Day will be celebrated upon a
large scale in Europe this year. It Is
planned ' to have all the organized
workers in Great Britain take a day
oy May 1, and similar demonstrations
of labor's solidarity will doubtless take
place In many of the continental countries.
Longshoreman Organise
At a meeting of the longshoremen
of Vancouver in Labor hall last Saturday evening an application for a
charter, signed, by 60 members, was
forwarded to headquarters. Provisional officers were elected, and a good
organisation committee provided for.
It is confidently expected that the new
organization will soon embrace every
longshoreman on the Job;
Common Hypocrisy.
Some of tbe daily papers would hive
one believe that if the suffragettes in
the Old Country had refrained from
kicking up their latest particular kind
of publicity stunts that the franchise
would have been granted. All of which
is Just common, every day newspaper
lie, and the editors who write such
trash know auch to be lies when they
prostitute themselves to the Interests
to writs them. Such silly arguments
provide an easy way for governments
to stave1 off the inevitable, and place
the responsibility elsewhere. It Is an
old game, and one that applies with
variations to more than the suffragettes.
Minimum Wags In Canada.
The federal government has for
some years, In a more or less haphazard sort of way, provided for "the
minimum standard rate of wages prevailing" in contracts awarded throughout Canada.
But It Is not generally known that
the principle of government establishment of a minimum wage has been accepted by the law-makers, a question
which Ib JUBt now occupying the attention of Old Country public men.
For instance, a contract recently let
by tbe Ottawa authorities for a big
Jetty In this province the minimum
wage set for carpenters is fixed at
M per eight-hour day, while laborers
must receive not less than $2.76.
As far ii can be gathered, nearly
170,000 worker! are on itrike in the
United States, without counting the
miners who have Just gone out
The high cost of living is reduced to the minimum if you
buy your groceries from
Cor. Burns and Broadway B.
Frse Delivery    Phone Pair. 420
The Smartest of Models and the Strongest of
Values in Suits and Coats for Women, Misses
VT'lTH the variety of many new suits, new coals and new
dresses—late purchases that have recently been received,
our showing ol new Spring Apparel is now so complete, is to
be beyond criticism. The most fastidious woman can easily
satisfy her garment needs here.
We invite your cribiaal inspection. We ask you to examine
closely as to style, as to tailoring, as to fabric, ind more closely
is to value. You will consider, our prices moderite in the extreme. This applies to garments that show all the niceties, all
the clever style features—for there is not on ordinary or common place model in our showing. Visit this department now.
You will find i courtesy ind service that will ippeal to you.
Between Abbott and Carroll
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Hardware and Tools
Building Hardware, General Hardware, Tools for
the Carpenter, Cement-worker, Plasterer, Machinist
Bricklayer, and all the other trades, Lawn Mowers,
Bakes, Spades, Hose and the other requisites to
make your home look neat and tidy.
McTaggart & Moscrop
7 Hsstingi
St. W.
If all Union Men in
Vancouver were to demand union-made brood and see that the
LABEL is on every loaf, we should be able to double our staff in
a week. Union men don't bo misled by bread made by unfair
labor in unfair shops. Demand the loaf with the label and made
by skilled workmen, as made and supplied by the   	
733 Keefer Street Phone Sey. 3323
The Most Wonderful Range in
^ The World
You'll think so, if you take
time to look it over. You'll
know it after you have had
onsAi your kitchen for a
few weeks
You'll find this Peer of nil
Ranges at the store of
W. R. Owen
2337 Main Street
Phone Fairmont 447
W* Hindis
Overalls, Hats
Gloves, Pants
See Our Special Workingmen's Special
Suits from $15 to $25
43, 47, 49 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B.C.
Port Mann
I have for sale business and residential property in the official town-
site and acreage immediately adjoining. Full information, official
maps, etc., sent upon request
6 Winch Bldg. Vancouver, B.C*


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