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BC Historical Newspapers

The Eagle 1900-02-14

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 . , .,
The   Eagle.
"���,    \
* VOL. I. NO. I.
$2.00 A YEAR.
'"'lined Up  From n  Coinineroliil  Point ol
Borne'FrolltnMo Investment. For Good
Practical Hen,���The Dl.trlet'l UOUnil
arien, IU Town., Topography, Scenery,
Attraction* and Wonderful Hiclitie.H of
��>r�� Deposit.,-Willi Trail., Rallwayn,
'Smelt am aud Labor It Will Be The
-Pride of ltrltiHh Columbia.
���It is' no easy matter to define the
boundaries of tho (miner's) Lardeau
mining district with accuracy, the out*
.t line being; bo extremely irregular.
However it is that section of British
Columbia which is bounded approximately by the Upper Arrow lake on
the west, by the Duncan river on tho
east, by an imaginary line running
from Nakusp to Argenta on the south,
and by the headwaters of Fish river
on the north.
Trout lake, socajled from the nbund-
' ancc of the tinny tribe found in its
waters, is about in tho middle of tho
L district, and is itself a sort of enlargement of tho Lardeau river, from which
the locality takes its name.
Only a very few years ago this whole
section was. in common with the
greater part of British Columbia,
almost inaccessible, the innumerable
mountains being very stoop and thickly woodod from their baso to timber
lino, so rendering progress most difficult and slow. Bub iu tho faco of all
these and many more drawbacks, the
prospector has not been discouraged,
��� indeed it would almost seem that the
harder tho country Is to prospect the
more determined ho will be to penetrate into the midst of it in nis search
for valuable minerals, and it Is to him
alone, with his indomitable spirit that
the world is now indebted for the
knowledge of the wonderful richness of
the ore deposits in this region.
The same natural causes which
operate in preventing tho prospector
froin examining the rocks, also inter-
fore with briiigthg the ore out and
converting it by .means of a smelter
Into bard cash, the. extreme difficulty,
which means oxponso, of moving the
material from the mine to tho reducing
Works having been a very .powerful
agent in retarding the development of
tbe country.    , ,. i       .,
Such very marvellous wealth however as has been abundantly proved to
exist could not long remain unused,
and it is very satisfactory to find two
railroads already commenced, which
Will by furnishing convenient transportation jfrom, ;tho very heart of ..the
district, enable, olulm owners, to real-
izq at las( tho profits that liave so long
boon dolayed, and reward them for all
'tliu toil and privation that they have
Bone through during the years that
thoy have held onto and worked at
their properties.
With the certainty of railroad facilities in the immediate future, tho usual
townsltcs have been laid out and buildings eroded thereon i but whether all
of these incipient cities are destined to
live and grow is ipiltu another question,
though somo of them are so favorably
nitiiared that their future Is pretty well
assured. It Is certain that as the
population Increases, accommodation
must lie provided, but tho sltos suitable
for towns are fow enough owing to the
natural formation of tho ground, which
as above stated Is extremely rough and
Tho oldest townsite is probably
Thomson's Landing, situated at tho
eastern end of tho northeast arm of tho
Upper Arrow lake, from which point a
wagon (V) road has been constructed to
Trout luko.
Trout Lako City, the next oldest
town Ib placed amidst somo of tho
prettiest soenery to lie found in all ll.
C, which as wo nil.know abounds In
grand and beautiful views. The wagon road just spokon of is unfortunately,
owing to niggardly arrangements of
post and presents governments, usually
in a more or less impassible condition,
deep mudholes being far too numerous.
Trout Lake City is well built and
sensibly laid out, It boasts of several
very good hotels, the usual stores and
ofcourso a newspaper, without which
no self respecting western town can
exist. It may bo taken for granted
that this town has come to stay, as it
is a most convenient point to start
from either north pr south, a comfortable steamer which runs On the lako
'during the season enabling prospoetors
and other travellers to reach, the vac
Ions 'creeks Bowing iato tho lako with
tho greatest ease. The projected railroads will run one on oneh side of the
water, and it is intended, Into tho city
itself, thus still further improving the
situation from the travellers' point of
Tho apology for a wagon road is continued from Trout lake, or rather from
a point about a half mile out, on to
Ferguson, about four milos northeast,
which lattor town is capitally Looated
at the junction of tho north and sonth
forks of the Lardeau river, on what is
probably the most extonslve pieeo of
tlat ground for a very long distance In
either direction.
Ferguson also has undoubtedly como
to stay, one of tho railroads having
determined to make it a divisional
point, and to continue their road up
and down the north and south forks,
to BUoh camps as are likely to find
work for them In tho way of shipping
tho produce of the mines. Forguson
must always be headquarters for supplies to the many mining properties
that suri'ound it, and is bound to increase and flourish rapidly as these
mines are most of them quite in thoir
infancy yet, and like other growing
things will need more supplies as they
become older and bigger.
Beyond Ferguson again wo find the
two rising towns of Circle City on the
north, and Ten-Mile on the south fork,
both very young but with excellent
prospects, as they are located at tho
mouths of important crocks and in tho
immediate neighborhood of well
known mines.
Tho general geology of the Lardeau
is oxtremely confused and very puzzling, even to the writer who has been
more or loss In the district since '90.
Tho most common formation is perhaps
schist in ono form or another, very
frequently grKptolitic hi character, but
limestone comes very much into prominence in some parts of the district.
The usual direction of tho ledges is
n. w. to s. e., and a very casual glance
at the map will show that tho main
waterways have a similar direction,
except in tho case of the northeast
Arm, which is a veritable crossfissuro
across the general lay of tho country.
Several very rich doposits of ore have
been found in the limestone, but more
commonly the veins 'are found at tho
contact of lime and some other rock,
or at a contact between the usual
country rock and some other, such as
quartz or'diorlte.
The minerals hitherto found in the
Lardeau are'numerous 'enough, and no
doubt more will be found as development progresses and different places
rare, opened up. The principal ones so
far are galena, almost invariably
highly argentiferous; grey copper or
fahlore, commonly currying extraordinary values in silver and some gold.
Yellow copper ore or copper pyrites,
and large quantities of iron pyrites
which is frequently arsenical and
usually carries a little gold. There
are also some free milling gold quartz
lodges known though, owing to the
short time that has elapsed since their
discovery, very much work has not
been done on them. Molybdenite is
not uncommon, though not in large
quantities. But oddly enough so far
there seems no nickel, at any rate
there is no authentic record of it having been found excepting in more
traces. It is hardly correct to class
the vast bodies of so-called "carbon-
atos" as minerals, they are merely
tho result produced by ages of atmospheric action upon tho ledges that lie
beneath, but which were once on the
surface ; still they are by no moans to
be neglected as they not only givo a
sure indication of mineral treasures
below, but very often indeed are themselves highly valuable,
A word of caution here may not bo
out of place. It is a fact that gold,and
free gold, Is by no means rare in these
"carbonates" which are commonly
largely composed of ''gossam," a dark
reddish-brown earth which lias been
derived from- iron ore. Now although
this gold Is "free" now, it would be
most unwise to erect a large stamp
mill to deal with it, ns at a very few
feet below the surface tlio gold will bo
no longer free but combinod with
iron pyrites and consequently not in ��
milling but in a smelting condition.
This mistake has been made in one
Instance at least In West Kootenay, to
the groat loss of tho shareholders, who
havo spont monoy on a well equipped
mill for which now there is very little
use. This is just one instance whore a
scientific training would have been
better than the untaught but practical
man's advice, and would have saved
much usoloss expense,
In tills district most especially, the
services of a thoroughly good assayer
are indispensable to tho economical
working of a mino, as then good stuff
will not bo thrown away, and acon-
tlnuul series of assays will show the
| manager what ho has and what ho
may reasonably expect to have as the
development proeoods. j
With a full knowledge of thodiffi-j
eultios in so doing, it is yet impossible
to closo tills article without a reference
at least to a lew of the principal mines.
Bold indeed would the man be that
attempted to enumerate and describe
them all! Ono of the oldest and must
extensively developed Is the Silver
Cup und adjoining claims, now belonging to the "Sunshine" Co., which has
often produced ore running as high as
1000 ozs. silver per ton, and whoso
average value is probably not loss
than $150. It is situated at tlie head
of ono of tho creeks Mowing into tho
south fork of the Lardeau, four miles
from the home of the EAGLE. The
Abbott group is another well known
property near the head of Haley creek,
also tho Great Northern near tho north
fork of the Lardeau, tho great Horn
ledge not far from Circle City, the
Glengarry a little further north, and
the Old Gold and Primrose in the same
neighborhood. Tho Badshot group at
the head of Gainer creek is an example
of a very rich vein occurring in limestone, while the Lade property, close
by, is one of tho few free milling gold
veins that are known at prosonl.
Coming nearer to Forguson. the Nettie
L. demands attention as being but a
young mine yet, but with wonderful
values, the actual dump itself carrying
more silver than many a definite vein
does. This mine, as well as the Silver
Cup, is shipping as fast as the ore can
be transferred, and will soon rank
among the dividend payers.
Fish river and its tributary creeks is
by no means behindhand with valuable
properties, some of which seem likely
to pay from the grass roots. But time
and space forbid more than just a
mention of vory few of tho principal
ones which are Bituated on Mohawk
nnd Lexington creeks, while Sable and
Pool creeks also have several highly
promising prospects.
Enough has been said. Wo hope to
induco [capitalists to investigate our
resources. We need not promise anything that we cannot perform, and
will only too gladly welcome tho strictest examination that can bo made of
this wonderfully rich district.
Then Our Interests Arc Identical.
Trout Lake Topic: It. !'. Potttnlece hits con*
iludod to enter tho Journalistic field In tlie
near future with ForaUBon (is his headquarters.
The new paper will be culled the FergUBon
Eftglound ft will bo dedicated to the interests
of Hie sister divisions of Trout i.ukc mid Lardeau. Heretofore we always considered our
selves the most optimistic person In the
country,but we must certainly climb down
now nnd let I'arm up as he lias clearly gone us
one bettor, it is an old saying that misery
is fond of company, but be that as it may, wc
arc fortunate in having ns a companion in
sufferingono as genial as our friend Mr.l'ctti-
picee. We wish hint the very best of good
luck aud hope that with two shoulders to the
wheel the district will be made to move just
that much faster during the coming season.
Sorry  that J. J. didn't stay forthe
draw or soo his way clear to call us,
for we are not drawing to a bobtail.
And we really oxpoct to be so busy
recording events which will transpire
in this promising district, turning out
job printing, and rustling   round   in
search of filthy lucre, that there will
be positively no time to foci miserable.
So come now Mr. Langstaff, cheer up,
shako thoso dry bones, and crawl out
of that throe long soporific year's rut,
and "let's keep a push in' and a shovoti."
A Vigorous Protest.
There is no better water power
streams in B. C. than those " within a
radius of 10 miles of Ferguson," and
tho residents and business men were
more than justified in sending a slrong
protest to Victoria. They will do well
to keep thoir weather eye on any company which applies for such lead-pipe
cinches as tlie North Kootenay Water,
Power and Light Co., headed by J. 1).
Molson, hank manager. Revelstoke,
has done. Companies of this nature
are not only looking for the earth, but
tho water as well. Ferguson will bo
installing a water works system soon,
for Are and domestic purposes, and tho
town has a right to these privileges, if
they must be given awav. There arc
too many privately owned "people's
rights " in this province already.
Mr. Keltic Docs a Good Deed.
J. M, Kellio has certainly struck a
new and capital anti-Chinese scheme.
Clause 3 of a bill which he has introduced roads:
3. No owner, agent or manager of a
mino shall employ underground in any
mino to which this Act applies, or
allow to bo underground In such mine
for the purpose of employment, any
person who has or wears hair on tho
scalp of his head over six inches in
It should havo tho desired e(Toot, as
the Chinaman would rather part with
the country than his ouo. Tho Act,
however, is not needod in his constituency, as no Chinamen arc so employed.
Uudyard Kipling must have been
gazing from the top of Nettie L mountain when ho got off Our Lady of the
Tho city of Calgary has purchased
the privately owned waterworks system, at $85,1100. Bub it had to come
sooner or later. There is only one
way of getting rid of a monopoly.
monopolize it.
After perusing the editorial columns
of tho Kootenai an one is led to believe
that there is a man named Buchanan
who would give his hide to step into
It. P. Green's shoes; but apparently
his feet���or head are too swelled.
R. P. Green, member for the southern portion of this district, with the
Slocan his main constituency, is asking
for a special appropriation of $20,000
and $15,000 respectively, for certain
trail building purposes. The EAGLE
has not scon a similar request by J. M,
Kellie, though eagerly looked for.
Tho EAGLE did have some notion of
" hornswoggling" that " published in
tlie greatest wbito metal camp on
earth " from \V. Mao Adams of the San-
don 1'aystroak. But after seeing tlie
Kaslo board of trade's cold blooded
steal of K. T. Lowery's " the lucerne
of America," placed upon tlie title
page of thoir recent production of an
illustrated write-up of that city, even
our nerve failed us. Tho rest of tho
Slocan may be swiped anytime now.
This district is not suffering so much
for tlie need of railways as trails. The
boys, In many cases, have the ore, but
thoy have neither money nor means of
getting to it with even a pack train.
In fact they arc kept broke from one
year's ond to the other doing assessment work under such adverse circumstances.
The EAGLE rises to remark that it
has come to stay. It is no boom sheet,
just started to create a furore aud then
fold its white wings and silontly steal
away. It represents the sum total of
the interests of its proprietor on earth
and has come to Ferguson to cast in its
lot with the business men and miners
of iiiic oict/iiuti fur keeps. It haa cither
to make it stick or break. Among tho
mountains of this great and glorious
district is its home and in its fortunes
tho future of the EAGLE is inextricably
bound up.
As to newspaper etiquette 1 Parties
wishing to enter tho Eagle oflice at
this particular juncture should bo
govorned by tho following rules : Advance to the inner door and give three
distinct raps-or kick the door down.
The "devil" will attend to the alarm.
You will give your name, postoflice
addrOS8 and tho number of years you
wish to stake out tho EAGLE. He will
admit you. You will advance to tho
centre of the room aud address the
editor with tho following countersign :
Extend tho right hand about two foot
from the body, with tho thumb and
index llngor clasping a $2 bill, which
drops Into the extended hand of the
editor, at tho t-aiuo time saying:
"Were you looking for me?" Tho
editor will grasp your hand and the bill
and pressing it will say : " You bet J
was!" After giving him the news
concerning your locality you will be
permitted to retire with a receipt for
an obligation properly discharged.���
[Apologies to Marcus (town) News.]
Tho residents of this favored district
should bo happy. No banks, lawyers,
highway robbers, policemen, Bhei'iff,
smallpox or other Infectious diseases.
No cowbells, cats, engine belts, street
cars, public meetings, churches, theatres, blackjack dons, ntokle-iu-lhe-slot
machines, money or hush fires to
keep one awake nights. No labor
trouble, fresh (?) war news, city council, board of trade, political cliques
and healers, tinhorns,.hangers on, red
lights, etc. In fact there is nothing
to do but work, oat, read,and sleep,
and enjoy the bright clear sunshine.
And there is no cemetery or undertaker. Nearly 160 minors arc hard at
work in this neighborhood blast ing,
picking and tearing out the precious
ore, while the muckers, ore sorters,
rawhiders, four-horse teamsters and
Offloe men aro hard at work. Tho
business houses arc just doing the
local supply trade, the hotels are doing
a light business, und o very body in the
camp is happy, but impatiently wailing for spring, trails, etc. Wo have
more reason to bo thankful for what
wo havo not got than for what we
possess.    I tut there'll COino a time���.
s. A. Sutherland, of the firm of Mo-
Kinnon .\: Sutherland) general mor-
ehnnts, loft fur Vanoouvoi' an Monday
inumiii^. tci n|H'ik1 u ft'W weeks holiday.
Whore  nnd What Somu   or   Fergtlflun'
Proportion Are.
I erty; from tho shaft above down to No.
2 tuntie! 200 feet, from No. - bo No. 1
.tunnel 280 feet. The management
I now feels warrant* d lu  Increasing tha
force at as early a date as additional
i supplies can be got in, and it is tho
| intention   of   tho   company   to   begin
shipping in the near future.
Now Goin ft on In the IJlBtrlot.��� Souio of
Them Witt Employ Largo Faroes Early
This Spring.���Supplies Ileitis Take" Up,
Cabins Being Unlit, Work Planned and
Laid Out.��� Untiugh Work in Sight To
Muko Thin ii Busy Camp Next Season,
-Oro Shipments,-New striken, Etc.
Loile Star Group.
The Lode Ssar gronp of six claims,
tho Silver Bow, Silver a Spray, Mountain View, Royal Clipper, Lode Star
and Liverpool, is located about ono
mile southwest of Hall creek and five
from the point at which tho creek
empties into/.ho "iftKioan. There are
three tunnels now run on tho property,
No. 1 tunnel, 09 J feet, on tbe Silver
Bow, No. 2, TO foot, on the Silver
Spray and No. .'{tunnel which is now
in 76 feet on the Lode Star giving a
depth of -10 feet and which is the one
which the owners, the Lodestar Gold
Mining and Development Co., of Liverpool and Kaslo, will work during the
coming season, it has already cut a
thirteen foot lead of concentrating
silver-lead ore, giving values at different depths of from $58 to $180. There
has also been some drifting done both
ways to further prospect tho lead.
Two cabins have been built at a cost
of $600, giving accommodation for 40
The Lodestar group adjoins the
Bannockburn and is opposite the Abbott and its close contiguity to these
groups affords a strong assurance of
the very promising nature of the
property. A wagon road runs within
1000 feet of it and the railroad will
come within four miles. There is
splendid water power within 50 feet of
tho present workings. The lead,
which is sixteen feet wido on tho surface has been traced over 0000 fcet,
It runs east-south-cast by west,northwest. Ton or twelve men, perhaps
more, will bo put on to work next
season- when .the claim will be crown
granted and a shipment if only of a
smelter test will be made. With cartful management good results may confidently be expected from this property, and under tlie supervision of Mr.
S. S, Connauton of Kasio, the manager,
the EAGLE has very little hesitation in
saying that tho Lodestar has every
prospect of turning out one of the
banner mines of this wonderful district.
Tlie Old Gold Quart* and IMuucr Mining
Co., or Roislaml, B.C.
This company owns two groups of
claims, one of which is situate in the
Nelson division, while tho Silver Queen
and Silver King is situated on tho
little west fork of tho Duncan river in
the Trout Lake division, about 12 miles
north of Ferguson by road and trail,;
and live miles cast of Circle City. Tho
Silver Queen and Silver King are exceptionally promising claims. There
aro three leads passing through this
property, two of which aro of great
promise. One lead has over 300 feet
of work done on it, two tunnels being
driven. No. 1 is being driven on the
Silver King and No. 2 tunnel on the
Silver Queen, in the face of No. 2
tunnel some three feet of high grade
concentrating oro is exposed and along
the side of and on tho foot wall theft
is eight inches of clear grey copper,
ore which assays as high as $2,000 In
silver and -fil in gold per ton. There is
now considerable ore in sight on this
property. The results of two smelter
tests from ore taken from near the
surface gave values of $120.SO and
$132.40 per ton. The property is now
well equipped with buildings necessary
for the miners' supplies, with the
necessary trails leading up to the
different workings, etc. The developments so far havo been very satisfactory to Iho management, and they intend Increasing the working force and
completing the necessary arrangements for commencing shipments just
as soon as tho season will permit.
The IMmroBo Uroup.
This group consists of seven claims,
and is located on the little west fork
of tho Duncan. Development operations now being pushed in two tunnels
have exposed a large body of high
grade ore, smelter returns of which
give values of over $;t00 per ton. Assays .range from *i!2-") to $1,400, with
from 20 to 211 por cent, copper. Already over 600 foot of work has been
completed. There is nearly 500 feet
of ore in sight in depth on this  prop-
Tin* Towner,
Tbe Towsor is now working 22 men.
They have started to sink on tbe oro,
where It is hoped that clean shipping
ore will be strue.k. Tho bonders, by
the number of men working, must
have great faith in these, claims, which
adjoin the Silver Cup and Sunshine.
A report has just reached us that six
inches of clean shipping high grade
ore was exposed yesterday, which we
hope to cowttrm next issue.
Umpire Group.
Extensive work will bu commenced
if possiblo next month on a 200-foot
tunnel to cross-cut two leads and to tap
tho main load at a depth of 150 feet,
on this well known group by tho new
proprietors. Supplies are already on
the ground. This will add another
shipper to the list. The Empire group
is 10 miles from Ferguson on the head
of Cariboo creek, which flows into the
Idle Hour Group.
-J. C. Kirkpatrick and W. H. Howard
returned last night from tho Idle Hour
group, situate back of the Nettie L.
They have completed their cabin and
blacksmith shop. Supplies have been
taken in and preparations aro boing
made to drive a ]00-foot tunnel on the
lead. The Idle Hour carries concentrating galena, and gold values.
The lllucb Diamond.
The Silver Tip Mining Co., who are
working the well known Black Diamond, intend to renew work on their
tunnel and expect to strike the ore
within a fow feet of where they left off
at, and work in, continuing'-develop-
ment. Tho surface showings carry
gold, silver and copper.
The Centre Star.
The Centre Star Mining Co., of
West Superior, are making arrangements for tho development of their
property. Tt is their intention to commence work as soon as supplies, which
will be bought here, can be taken up.
Gold Bug.
J. Livingstone is working on this
claim, and is now within a few feet of
the lodge. He is getting some galena
-ith copper, indicating that it is likely to be struck at any timo.
The Nettle L.
W. U. Pool and A. H. Holdtoh left
Tuesday morning to superintend the
shipment of 100 tons of Nettie L ore
from the Landing to Trail.
Abbott  Group.
The owners of tho Abbott group intend doing extensive work this season,
bosides having them surveyed.
The Silver Cup.
Some 20 men are at work on this
property. Nearly 200 tons of oro is being shipped to Trail.
II. Breeley and Dan. Williams intond
driving a tunnel on the Pittsburg, on
the Nettie L hill.
Capt. Davey is doing assessment
work on the Eight-Mile claims, known
as the townsite.
Preparing for Spring,
J. Laughton is thoroughly renovating the interior of tho Hotel Lardeau,
and has a lot of new furnishings on tho
way in. Tho third floor is also boing
converted into a dozen or more comfortable bed rooms. Tho lumber for
an addition on tho west side of the
main building, to be used as a bar
Doom, is being hauled and driod. Mr.
Laughton will have everything in
shapo for the early spring trade, which
is very likely to bo brisk. He is also
endeavoring to get an A 1 chef to look
after tlhe cuisine department.
A Station and Agent Needed.
Ferguson business men aro jointly
corresponding with Hewitt Hostock,
urging upon him the groat necessity
of the Kootenay Lumber Co. building ^
a floating freight shed at Thomson's
Landing, and placing an agent in
charge. Mr Mostock writes vory favorably ami the chances are jjj will
Published every   Wednesday morning at the
office of publication, Ferguson, B. C., by
Advertising Rates: Display ads, 81.60 per
eolumu Inch; W.00 per inch when inserted on
title page. Legal ads, 10c per (uonpariel) line for
nrstiniertlon; 5c for each additional insertion.
Raading notices 10c per line each issue. Birth,
IfarrlttKe and Death notices free. *�����
Subscription Rates: By mail or carrier. M.00
per annum; 91,00 for six months, No pay, no
paper; stopped at expiration.
Job Department: Thk Eaolb Job Department
is well equipped, and Is prepared to execute all
kindB of printing at honest prices. Mall orders
promptly attended to. Give us a trial on your
next order.
To Correspondent:*: Tuk Kaulk Invites cor-
respondent's on any subject of interest to the
general public, and desires a reliable regular cot-
respondent in every locality surrounding Ferguson. The hona tide name of the writer must accompany manuscript.
Address all communications to���
Ferguson, B. C.
We're a pore un'appy Heinpire, an' we
'aven't gort no friends;
If we wins, thenytions 'opes the news
ain't true;
If we're beat, they all yoonite tor re-
mawk it serves us right,
An' they wish we'd copped it 'otter,
so they dew.
They draws"piekshurs of us, trustin'tor
ter get ar dander up,
A thing they is pertie'lar 'andy at,
An' sarcawst'ic observyshuns they is
strong on, is them nytions;
But���yuss���thev mostly lets it stop at
We're n pore un'appy Hempire.an'we
'aven't gort no friends,
But wo 'as some near relitions 'ere an
They mye sini a quiet crew when theer's
nutthink much ter dew,
But they're up as soon as lightin's in
the air.
We don't receive no complimints from
furriners an' sicli,
An' the biddin' fur ar livor's rawther
But though we've gort no friends,we've.
our sons tor mike amends,
And we're jollv glad ter let it stop at
A pore un'appy Hompire?   Nort a bit
of it, we ain't
While the tie 'twixt son an' father
never fails;
Art o' Canarder they come ter the rol-
lin' of the drum,
An' the bugle calls the men of Noo
Sarth Wales
It's solid 'elp an' welcome, an' yer bet
we know its worth;
When site at 'ome yer soldiers might
When war was on the bill, yer gave us
ver goodwill���
Yer "did, an' didn't let it stop at that.
���Barry Paine.
Every white man's paper in the
Province has come ont flat-footed
against the mine managers in their
efforts to import aliens to work in the
mines of the Slocan. Here is a broad-
aid* from the Nelson Economist that
has the right ring to it: ' 'If British
subjects feel that they are justified
under existing conditions in accepting employment at the Payne mine,
they must be protected. Bnt should
It transpire, as is alleged in some
quarters, that the manager of the
Payne has imported Swedes, Italians,
Boers and other foreigners who have
no further interest in the country
than acquiring the wealth which is
the heritage of British subjects, the
Government will be justified in
bringing up with a sharp curve the
man who would so far forget his obligation to British Columbia as> to attempt such a thing. The Economist
has always contended that the mine-
owners have been unfairly dealt with
and it still maintains that tbe mining
legist ation of last session was uncal led
for and discriminated against a class
of men who had already done and
we're still doing a vast amount of
good in opening up the resources of
tbe country, bnt it cannot and will
not endorse the importation of
foreigners to absorb the labor and
profit that rightly belongs to bona
fide British subjects."
have not confidence enough in our-
sel ves as Canadians. We are looking
to the United States, to the Washing-
tons, Webeters, and Lincoln*, and
seeing in these names the elements
of greatness, forgetting that on Canadian soil we have their equals iu
the Browns, Baldwins, Blakes and
Mowats of the present day. Let us
display our loyalty to our own men.
We th'ink of the great expanse of the
United States, forgetting we have a
still greater expanse. We talk of
the constitutional development of
England, forgetting that we have
made even greater development constitutionally than England. There
is no land more free, there are no institutions more stable, no people more
intelligent than ours."
New Denver Ledge
Outside of the tw:> Association
organs in Kootenay, one at Nelson
and one at Sandon, and the literary
chameleon at Kaslo, the newspapers
of the Province are unanimous in declaring that the eight-hour law is
here to 3tay, so far as the people and
Parliament are concerned. True,
some have criticised the advisability
of thrusting the law upon us at the
present stage of development, and
the limiting of the law to one class of
workmen, but none have opposed the
principle ot the law nor the law itself.
Politically the law has no opponents. The Liberal party has come
out strongly in favor of it, and the
Liberal-Conservative party has done
likewise. The leaders of both have
never lost an opportunity to speak
favorably of the law. It has even
been suggested that the law should be
made to apply to other branches.
Speaking on the subject the Vancouver News-Advertiser says: "The
miners rightly say, that it they are
to be considered as mere animalB or
machines, needing neither books nor
recreation, and ready to spend the
whole of their working lives either
in a mine or a bunkhouse, then it
matters not how long their hours of
work may be. But if the contrary
be the case���as certainly it is���oar
miners ought instead to be regarded
as human beings of ordinary sensibilities, and able to read and think,
and appreciate also the ordinary
good things of this life. Under such
circumstances, the passing of eight
hoars ot each working day beneath
the ground, under dangerous and unhealthy conditions, including tho
presence and endurance of foal air
and noxious gasses, may reasonably
be considered something like an ordinary maximum of proper employment for a metal or other miner.
Such a term of work, moreover, approximates to the standard day ot
mining labor in most parts of the
English-speaking world, and only
leaves the man who is thus employed
a reasonable margin for the partaking of meals, the necessary cleaning
and attention to clothes and person,
and the enjoyment of a not undue
amount of recreation and rest, other
than sleep. In fact, to put the matter
plainiy, and as we believe correctly,
the gist ot the dispute between masters and men in the Slocan country
lies not so much as to hours of work,
but rather concerns rates of remuneration and amount of recognition of
the conditions of organized labor.
An eight-hours' day limit for labor
that is hard and continuous is in fact
becoming so generally  recognized
The Pioneer
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Thomsons Landing,
Trout Lake City,
Ten Mile.
to all points in the
District. Light
rigs for quick trips
provided. Saddle
horses at all stables.
The traveling public accommodated at
anytime of the day
or night. For any
further particulars,
freighting rates, etc.
Craig & Hillman,
The Labor
Trouble in the
is still unsettled, and
all lovers of British
fair play are requested
to keep away until
���elded. Due uutioo
will be given when
the time comes.
February 1st, 1900.
throughout not only the British Empire, bat also in the English-speaking
world, that it has become exceedingly difficult���nay, almost impossible
-for any popularly elected legislative body to recede from a position
once taken up by it in statutory
recognition of such a working day."
In the British navy there are 150 vessels that have been in service at least 25
Published at the office, Victoria
Ave., Ferguson, B, O, every
mining flerjus
of the Liafdeau
and Tt��oat Iiake
will be its mission, and
the interests of these
districts will be its sole
duty first, last and al
ways. Properties now
being operated will be
visited and accurate reports of development
given. Being published
right in the centre of
the present activity it
will prove a valuable
medium to advertisers,
The Eagle will grow as
fast as the promising
district in which it is
$2.00 per annum
"No pay, no paper."
Will be sent to five addresses tor $7.50. Old
countrv subscriptions,
13.00.' Help the district,
help the publisher, help
Job Printing
Of every description executed on shortest notice
at moderate prices.
Mail orders solicited.
Ferguson, B.C.
Tlhe Double Eagle <
MieSeg & Development Co.
Capital, $1,000,000, in $1 shares.
4oo,ooo in the Treasury.
First Block of Treasury Shares now
on the market for a limited time
at 10 GENTS.
Manager the Cochrane Ranch, Limited, Macleod.
Managing Director of The Herald, Calgary.
W, B. POOL, President Great Western Mines, Limited. Ferguson and Revelstoke.
Gold Commissioner, Atlin, BC
Rancher, Pincher Creek
Solicitor, Revelstoke
W. M. BROWN, Proprietor St Leon Hot Springs, Revelstoke.
The Double Eagle Company has been formed for the purpose, not only
of mining its present properties, but of acquiring promising claims and developing them to an extent that will justify their sale to English and other
companies at a profit. The company already owns and has paid for in fall,
the Trilby and Old Saul properties in the famous Fish River district, and a
three-quarters interest in the May Bee mine, in tbe Lardeau district one and
a half miles from Ferguson. Sufficient promoter's shares have been set aside
for the purchase of the remaining quarter.
The May Bee is the sister claim to the now famous Nettie L, which has
broken all records in British Columbia for large bodies of phenomenally
rich ore. The May Bee and Nettie L were located together in 1892 by
Mr. W. B. Pool (who has been appointed manager ot the Doable Eagle Co.)
Both claims carry identically the same rich ore on the surface and the same
remarkable ledge runs through both, carrying high values in gold, copper,
silver and lead. The promoters have already spent $4,000 in developing
the May Bee, with excellent results, and in order to place the mine quickly
on a shipping basis the company now offers the public the opportunity of investing to a limited extent in fully paid and non-assessable treasury shares
(par value $1) at 10 cents each.
Shares will be sold in blocks of 100
and upwards.
The company reserves the right to withdraw the sale of shares from the market atany time
without notice.     Application* may be sent to the Secretary,
A. H. HOLDICH, Revelstoke.
Or to JNO. J. YOUNG, Herald Block, Calgary.
Ex-Empress Eugenie is a victim of the
tea habit. She is said to drink thirty or
forty eups a day. .
And at all times insist on the
box bearing the blub label
It helps manufacturers to see the
force of paying fair and honest wages
Nelson "Iigar Makers' Union,
Staple Stationery
Letter and Note Pads,
Envelopes, Blotters,
Pens, Pencils, Ink,
Blank forms, Etc., for
sale at moderate prices
at the office of���
<< The Eagle"
Victoria Avenue.
Hon. G. W. Robs, premier ot On
tario, in a recent speech made at
Whitby, Ont.. gave some very good
advice to Canadians. "We want to
feel more and more the growing responsibility upon us," said he, "the
growing responsibilities upon the Dominion of Canada. We must rise to a
conception of the magnitude of our
position as Canadians. Canada as
owner of half a continent is destined
to have a future, the brilliancy of
which and the success of wh'ch no
one can anticipate. Why, at the beginning of this century the population or the United States was only
6,000; 000. Scarcel y a hundred years
have flown away, and today their
population Is estimated at 75,000,000.
In 20, 30, or 40 years what will the
population of Canada be? It will be
Just what our energy in developing
the latent rewurces of the country,
iu encouraging settlement and In improving the social condition of the
people will make It We have not
enough confidence In ourselves.   We
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The Sandon of the Lardeau. The destination of both the Canadian Pacific and Kaslo & iLardo-Duncan Railways, which will provide the long-looked-for
transportation for ore to places of treatment. High Grade Ores, silver, lead and gold, now being shipped, even under present conditions, at a handsome profit
by a few companies operating. Conveniently situated on an ideal bench at the forks of the North and South Lardeau. All the roads from the manv developing
claims and working mines lead to Ferguson. Plenty of timber and abundant water power. Capitalists come straight through to Ferguson, put up at the com
fortable hotels and from there walk to personally inspect prospective purchases.      The miners come down the hill into Ferguson to get their supplies.
Lots  in Fer-
Over 100 men
now working
and many
more will be
in a short
No labor
on in the
Lardeau or
Trout Lake
Mining Divisions. Blest
with practical men, bona
fide mining
c o m p a nies.
Plenty of
room for legitimate investment.
The starting point for all mining operations on the North and South Forks of the Lardeau River,
and many have purchased lots with a view to establishing businesses of various kinds as soon as the Jcoming season properly opens up.
gardening.      Special inducements offered and a splendid field and opportunity for manufacturers.
For further information, apply to���
guson are going steadily
through the
quietest time
of year.
Ferguson is
the natural
and commercial centre of
the Lardeau
il and   will   be
i the head-
quarters   for
'��� wholesale
; houses,   corporations and
banking   institutions.
The mines'
direct supply
Ferguson is well represented with business houses, hotels, etc.
An Al location for market
W. N. Brayton,
Oeneral Agent.
Henry Floyd,     ft
I     AA��1 4~._<t *V-**
Local Agent,
Kootenay Miner. Protest Against Interference With the Statute.
The present session of the Legislature
has been fruitful of talk and petitions
regarding the Eight Hour Law. "Wipe
it off the statutes," say the mine owners;
"Maintain the law exactly as passed,"
declare the miners. There could be no
two more opposite requests. It is an
open secret, says the Vancouver News-
Advertiser, that the government intends to retain the law, while seeking,
of course,to mako the relations between
men and owners as pleasant as possible.
In the early part of the session some
strong petitions were presented by the
owners against the law; now petitions
of equal strength are coming from the
miners, asking for the maintenance of
the law in its entirety. One of these
resolutions has been sent to Mr. Macpherson, M.P.P., as well as others, and
reads aO follows:
Whereas, unsettled conditions exist
between labor and capital in the metal
liferous mining districts of the province
ot British Columbia, arising from many
causes, chief of which is the eight hour
law I the Mine Owners Association and
their several organs have advocated
their cause persistently before the public and their emissaries have written
and stated through the public press
that the miners did not want the eight
hour law. Being fully conscious of how
disastrous to the people of the Koote
nays any mis-step or wrong move by
either party would be at this moment,
we deem it our duty to state our position to the citizens of British Columbia
and their representatives, who hold and
guide the destinies of the province.
Much depends on the foresight and
wisdom of these men guiding the ship
of state, as we hope they will continue
to do, to a safe port.
Whereas we, the members of District
Union No. 6, Western Federation of
Miners, comprising eleven unions, with
a membership of three thousand miners;
do hereby protest against any political
trickery that would tend to disrupt the
present government, and we appeal vo
all organised labor to remember that
the prosperity of our people depends on
the maintaining of the metalliferous
mines act as amended at the last sitting
of the legislature.  If miners ire to be
considered in the same category as so
much machinery or some kind of animal that lives on black bread and hog
fat, needs no books, can live in a rude
hut, or sleep in a mining company
bunk house without being dissatisfied,
then there is no cause for quarrel over
how many hours he shall or shall not
work. Conceding him to be a human
being, a modern man able to read,think
and appreciate the good things of life as
others do, then we contend that eight
hours are sufficient for men to work underground. The dangerous and unhealthy nature of our calling are good
and sufficient reasons for shorter hours
than other branches of labor, skilled or
unskilled. Oft-times by a slight mishap or the ignorance of an employee,
the individual who makes such mistakes is not only killed, but causes the
death of his comrades who may be near
him. Working in artificial air, breathing poisonous gases every moment
while underground, men often lose
their lives before they can retrace their
Bteps to a place of security. We are
tempted In this resolution to question
the competency of the Mine Inspector
for the Kootenays, and wonder why a
government should retain a man in
their employ who has lost the respect
and confidence of the men of whose
lives he is the guardian.
The wage question on which is based
the present struggle between the miners and mine owners in the Slocan district, is not above tbe standard paid to
first class miners in other places, such
as Cripple Creek, Col., where miners
have been working eight hours since
1894. It would be superfluous to add
that in all the British colonies and in
Great Britain miners work but eight
hours, There is no place outside the
Kootenays in this western mining country, with the exception of Alaska,where
more of the necessities of life cannot be
purchased with a dollar than In the
mining districts of British Columbia.
In the state of Montana, where wages
will average from 76 cents toll per day
per man higher than in portions of British Columbia, clothing, food, and in
fact everything that would satisfy one's
desires can be obtained at least 25 per
cent cheaper than in any portion of the
Therefore, we contend that wages are
not high, bnt,on the average, are below
the standard paid In other localities.
People in British Columbia are not able
to maintain their physical strength, not
to speak of their mental and moral requirements, on the same wages paid for
labor in Europe or the eastern provinces. Labor should not suffer for the
mistake of men who have more money
than judgment. Unscrupulous speculators plot and scheme in every way
imaginable to float mining properties
for millions when they are not worth so
many thousands. The speculators get
wealthy on one or two such deals and
everything is charged up to the cost of
mining, even champagne suppers. The
next move is to reduce wages. We
further believe the testimony given before the government commissioner, Mr.
R. C. Clute, has proven beyond the
shadow of a doubt that miners will perform as much work under the eight-
hour day as was previously accomplished under the ten hour system.
Therefore be it resolved that we, the
miners comprising District No.B, Western Federation of Miners, believing in
the justice of our cause, do hereby protest against any revision of the eight
hour law.and insist on the maintenance
of the same, even if every metalliferous
mine in British Columbia should close
down. Any tampering with the eight
hour law at this late day will result in
a struggle which will last until every
dollar in the Western Federation of
Mines has been expended. It is only by
such laws that we will attain the higher
and nobler walks of life.
At present several political buccaneers are at the seat of government with'
in the sacred chambers of our legislative halls. Their very presence is a
menace to our representatives. Their
objects are to hamper and intimidate
the government in expressing the will
of the masses of this province.
Be it further resolved that we will
look with suspicion on all political freebooters who are ever ready to array
themselves with the opposition���a party
which, during their reign as government, has never placed one single act
on the statutes that would better the
condition of the masses of British Columbia As an organization we are irrevocably opposed to party politics.
When party lines are drawn unscrupulous individuals entrench themselves
behind the bulwarks of party politics,
and prejudice man against his fellow
man.   Partisans have done more in the
past to destroy the spirit of human pro
gress than all the other evils reformers
and reform organizations have had to
combat against.
Alfred Parr, A. J. Hughes,
Secretary. President.
Montana  Men Developing a Rieh  Property on Howe Sound.
The Britannia group of copper claims
on Howe Sound, are being inspected by
a number of mining men from Montana,
Washington and California, and, according to the miners, the claims which
are at present shipping ore will surpass
the Le Roi as a money winner.
In view of the coming importance of
these properties, the following facts in
connection with the purchase, development and prospects of the company will
no doubt prove of interest:���
In 1896 a trapper on Howe Sound located the claims, and sold them to J.
Boscowitz, of Victoria, for 120,000. The
latter spent 115,000 in proving the prospects.
All work was carried on in a very
quiet manner. In fact, for the past 18
months 16 men have been hard at work
on the Britannia group, but few mining
men in British Columbia were aware of
the fact.
Mr. Adams, one of those interested in
the property, said he thought he knew
all of this province's mines, but it was
not until he was visiting Patrick Clark
at Spokane that he learned of the Bri
tannia mine. He became interested,
visited the group and secured a 30-day
option on the property. Then he went
through this province looking for a man
with money and mining instinct to help
him buy what he thought was the best
property in the entire province. He
could not find a partner, and so wired
H. C. Walters, of Montana, that he had
50,000 tons of five per cent copper ore in
sight, vein traceablo 8,000 feet; vein 40
feet wide.
Mr. Walters came expecting to be
disappointed, but when he saw the property and spent five days examining it,
he remarked: "It's no dream, Adams;
you are below the mark." The owners
were with him on this examination and
;hey closed the deal verbally on the
���pot, and at once Instructed the men to
work at a spot 500 feet east of the principal workings where the vein stands
boldly out of the mountain 400 feet in
length, and 10 to 150 in height.
On their first examination they found
that the mammoth bluff was well mineralized, and they instructed the workmen to investigate the bluff. On their
return they found that the men had
broken into ore running six per cent in
copper. This crosscut tunnel had been
driven in 208 feet on their first visit, in
an attempt to tap the vein 180 feet from
the top. The tunnel was being driven
west, but they instructed that it be diverted south, and on thoir second visit
they found the workmen had struck
the vein after a 16 foot drive to the
south. The vein has since been crosscut, and is 26 feet from wall to wall,
aud will run six per cent copper and
about 816 in all values.
On their return from their first trip,
they proceeded to Victoria and closed
the deal, which in itself was of very
large dimensions. The first payment
was $10,000 cash, and when all the pay-
ments are made and the mine put in
If you desire
any Information
Concerning this district
drop me a line and I
will cheerfully give
you any particulars I
Town Lots or
Mining Properties
Handled on commission. If you have
either to sell or wish to
invest, write me.
There are
some splendid
here for various businesses. Write tor
Ferguson, B. C.
shape, it will have cost Mr. Adams and
associates 1200,000. After the deal had
been closed Mr. Walters said to Mr.
Adams, "Are we dreaming? We have
paid an enormous sum for a British
Columbia property that no one seemed
to have known anything about and
people wouldn't touch. We had better
go and look at it again." They visited
the mine again, but were still more
favorably impressed.
The extent of the ore body is of vast
proportions, and very unusual richness,
the ore in sight has been variously estimated by mining engineers. 'One
mining man said there was enough ore
proved up to keep a Blackett tram running, with a capacity of 1,000 tons per
day, every day for ten years, But it
may be safer to say without the slightest fear of a blunder that there are 200
e5��oJ��n^- $16,orc in 9iSht> or "N���
13,200,000 in value.
The only direct route from
Keotenay entry
to all points East & West
First-class Sleepers on all trains from
Revelstoke and Kootenay Landing.
Tourist Cars pass Revelstoke Daily
for St. Paul; Tuesdays and Saturdays for Toronto; Thursdays for
Montreal and Boston. Same cara
pass Medicine Hat one day later.
Daily train to Arrowhead from Revelstoke on main line. Daily steamer connecting for all Kootenay
points and Crows Nest branch.
For Boundary country via Robson,
leave Arrowhead daily except
For rates and full Information address nearest local agent or���
Art Arrowhead.
'* F. Anderson,
T. P. A., Nelaon.
��. J. COTLK,
A. a. P. A��t, Vancouver
i N
'    i
St. Valentine's day.
Cold and clear���8 below.
A public hall is to be ereoted in town.
W. Innis of the Towser, spent yesterday in town.
Ferguson needs a public school, and
is entitled to one.
Miss K. Edwards of liatho iV Co., is
A laundry would do a land office
business in this nuclous.
There would be a small fortune in a
good market 'garden here next season.
It. C. Scott intends erecting another
houso Immediately lumber is available.
A. E. Klnoalde was down from the
Nettie L a oouple of days ago. He
Buys ���' I tell you she's a bird."
G. B. McGregor of tho Silver Cup,
dropped down yesterday and arranged
to havo the Eagle fly his way for one
Lew Thompson and Harry Carter
Carter are about to have their ranch
eurvoyed, at Circle City by A. P.
Fred. Desjardin, with three men.
started in cutting wood for the local
market this morning, down near tho
saw mill.
Messrs. McKinnon & Sutherland intend building an addition, .M.vM), to
their already large store, as soon as
they can get lumber.
"The Imperial Automatic Voting
Machine" may be used hereafter at
municipal elections in this province.
No more spoiled ballots.
Tho Eagle man on the wing purposes paying a visit to every working
mine in the district aB soon as possible.
You know the rest.
The Hotel Ferguson is putting in
their ice supply. Tho ice is good, the
frost having come before the snow last
fall.   S. Daney is hauling it.
Lord Roberts has succeeded General
Boiler in command at Modder river.
Great snap for the innumerable fireside
"critics" and "war experts."
.A letter received from tbe Slocan
last night says tho labor trouble is now
practically settled, and the mines are
hiring utilou miners by the score.
Tho Arm is likely to be kept open all
winter. The'-big C H. R. boats are
coming in regularly for oro from the
Nettie L. Silver Cop and Beatrice.
A. H. Holdich, assayer, and secretary of the Great Western Mines, will
movo to this placo ' in the spring, as
will also the offices of the company.
.lust imagine getting "fresh war
news" in a weekly paper. The war of
life and activity'in'this great and
glorious climate is all the Eagle can
P. Burns & Co., who controls the
fresh meat business of the Kootenays,
have lowered their prices in Rossland.
May the good work bo brought nearer
Tlin Kootenay Mall has blossomed
out as a semi-weekly published on
Tuesdays and Fridays, while tho Her-
ale has adopted the same days of publication.
There is plenty of wood around this
metropolis, spruce, fir, tamarack and
cedar, and all that is necessary to
possess it'is^o outlt. But there's the
Service will lw hold noxt Sunday at
3 p. m, in tho Lardeau hotel hall, by
J. E. Fleming. Do the right thing
boys, and turn out. Encourage homo
J. E. Pleming, Methodist pastor at
Trout Lake City, was in town yesterday. Forguson will havo regular services as soon aa a meeting placo 'is
Fegiison will at least have ono representative in South Africa. Murdie
McRae wa9 accepted and left Revelstoke with Strathcona's horse contingent on  Friday last enrouto.
���If you intend to do work of any
description on any property in this
district this season, let the Eagle
know of it. This is the kind of information that counts with the invosting
W. N. Brayton, general agent for
the Ferguson townsite, will be hero In
a fow days. He will likely make some
arrangements for the saw mill to start
up at once, so as to supply the local
demand for lumber.
Gold Commissioner Coursier says that
if he gets tho appropriation ho has
asked for from the government this
district will soon be given more trails
and bettor roads. The EAGLE sincerely hopes he will make it stick.
���Ferguson offers special advantages
and good reasons for the early establishment of reduction works, concentrators, smelters and manufactories of
almost any nature. It Is centrally
located, good sites and there is unlimited water power.
Through the enterprise of the rustling general townsite agent, W. N.
Brayton, the Eagle will produce some
good "cuts" of local scenes in its next
issue, tho 21st. The Eagle had hoped
to do so this Issue, but the cuts have
not arrived from the engravers.
Wm. Glenn is busy 'rawhlding ore
down the hill, from the Nettle L. He
has some exciting experiences at times,
his mules occasionally taking to standing on their heads by the wayside.
South African kopjes are sure not in it
with some of these rawhide shortcuts.
,T. W. Westfall, manager for several
good live mining companies which are
operating on properties near here, of
Trout Lake'City,was in town yesterday,
and did an annual assessment on the
EAGLE for himself and others. Mr.
Westfall will make Ferguson his headquarters this season.
Messrs. Batho & Co. have added
considerable to the .convenience of
thoir store during the past week, tho
post orhce receiving special attention.
Additional shelving and other changes
have been made for the purpose of giy-
Ing their goods a better display. R. C.
Scott was the wood artist.
In making its bow to the residents
of the Lardonu und the public generally, tho EAOLE by no moans feels
called upon to otter any apology for its
debut in the journalistic field of British
Columbia. The town of Ferguson and
the Important mining camps around it,
north, south, east and west havo now
reached a stage of development, at
which the establishment of a newspaper to bring the doings of tho district from week to wcok before the
notice of tho outside world has become
an imperative necessity. Without at
all aiming to create a boom or stam-
pedo, the Eagle fuols confident that
the mere record and description of
mining development and mining
properties in this rich camp cannot
fail to have a stimulating effect on the
progress of the Lardeau. The camp
has suffered as much from tho fact that
it has never been half advertised as
from anything else. This defect the
EAGLE proposes to tho best of its
ability to rectify.
Last year saw this district take a
considerable i stride. This year will
inevitably witness another groat advance. With tho arrival of tho iron
horse next suniraur the great natural
hindrance, which has hitherto kept
the Lardeau back from progress and
development���its inaccessibility���will
be once and for ever romoved and then
a groat chango will come over the
scene. At least from 25 to 30 properties will be shipping ore from the very
start off, a number which will bo indefinitely increased with tho rapid development of other promising claims and
the influx of capital, which will speedily follow the advent of tho cars. The
history of Rossland and tho Slocan
will repeat itself in the Lardeau.
Business activities of all kinds will
spring up to supply the demand from
the mines, a big pay roll will rapidly
roll up and property will establish
itself on a solid and paying basis. The
business, distributing aud railway
centre of all this life and activity will
be without a doubt Forguson.
A glance at any map of this groat
district will bo quito sufficient to convince tho most unobservant of the faith
of this last statement. Situated as
Ferguson is at the junction of tlie
north and south fork of the Lardeau,
ou tho 'Only flat extensive enough to
contain a large town for miles around
and holding the key to the principal
mining camps in every direction tho
town of Ferguson holdB a unique and
commauding position in the Lardeau
district, to which no other placo can
oven protend. Tho principal properties of the district can in fact only bo
reachod by passing through Ferguson.
The miners', though not the official
Lardeau, extends from Fish river on
the northwest to Haley creek ou tho
southeast and from Trout lake to the
Duncan river. Its earliest located,
best known and most promising properties are situated on the north and
south forks of the Lardeau river; Ferguson right at the forks. With railways, as there soon will be, centering
right at Ferguson, as a terminal and
divisional point and branching off
Trom there up both the forks of the
river the great volume of the business
of the district must necessarily pass
through the hands of Ferguson merchants. It cannot be diverted from
them. It cannot therefore be successfully contested but that Ferguson
offers to every kind of business enterprise at the paesent date an opening
without a parallel In the province.
These facilities and advantages of
the present and near future it will be
the aim and object of the Eagle to
keep steadily before the public eye.
Onr mining news it will over bo our
principle to keep reliable and up to
dato. All the very latest happenings
of tho camp will be found in our columns. Tho Eagle will constitute itself a guide to the intonding investor
whether in mining or other business
and will constantly furnish to capital
an ui:l-npcachnblo advertisement,
based ou a strict record of facts alone,
of the extraordinary mineral wealth of
this wonderful camp. Politics we
shall eschew. Our polities aro the
advancement of the Lardeau. Any
one, politician or otherwise, who proposes to further this end will have onr
support. Any one who opposes or
thwarts it will find in the Eagle a
determined opponent. This is our
programme and with its announcement the Eagle takes off its hat and
makes its bow with Vol. I. No. I.
Money Must Be Expended .Before A
Kcvcniic Will Accrue.
Mining companies invest money in
undeveloped properties before thoy can
possibly get results. Tho provincial
government has so far done the very
opposite, in the matter of trail building
in this vicinity at any rate. Up the
north fork of the Lardeau crook there
aro dozens of claims sufficiently developed to prove that they arc worth more
than as3essinont work ; but tho owners
are waiting for some means of getting
supplies into them, other than upon
their backs. The railway would not
run a spur to them at the present stage
of the game, But a trail good enough
for a mule to navigate upon would.
Theso trails must be provided before
the government can hope to receive a
cent in return, outside of licenses, certificates, etc. The money so expended
would all go eventually into actually
opening up properties, as the men who
would do the trail building havo their
all in the ground, and are only too
pleased to get an opportunity to earn
a .little ready cash to buy supplies
with. Its all very nice for those in
command at Victoria to sot up a howl
about the wasto'l ei incy already spent
in this largo and scattered district.
Tho Eagle can witness some very
striking incidences, without flying
vory far. But It doesn't help the case
any. The present otherwise progressive government should do something
more In legitimate trail building and
repairing, and less haphazard patch
work, at an early date. As is tho case
in any businoss, money must bo judiciously expended before money can be
Money Order Office for Ferguson.
In response to a petition signed by
the business men of Forguson asking
that a money order oflice be established
here, the following reply has boen
received :
Post Office Injector's Office.
Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 29tli, 1900.
Gentlemen: With reference to your petition
of tin- HAth in��t., uskiiiK Mm, the poM office at
Ferguson lie constitute! a money order office,
I beg to say that the mutter will without .delay
belaid tiefore tho Postmaster General for Ills
Yours truly,
Post Office Inspector.
Ferguson Is entitled to this convenience, and 1b also pleased with Inspector
Dorman's prompt action.
T. A. Wilson, M. D.
Ferguson, B. C.
Fred C. Elliott,
Ferguson, B. C.
Harvey, McCarter tf Pinkham
Solicitors for Imperial Hank of Caunila.
Geo. S. McCarter. J. A. Harvey.
A.M. I'lnlthnm,
White, Cwillim e? Scott,
Revelstoke, B. C.
We Can Outfit Yon
With Everything
required in this district. Prospector, minor, capitalist, expert,
laborer; it matters not, We can supply you, in any quantity, and aa
wo already do nearly all the local supplying, it evidences the fact
that our goods, prices and treatment la right. We successfully
compete with largo outside firms.; we buy direct from tho manufacturers in largo lots at close cash prices, and can sell you a
corapleto outfit, car.efi.lly packed, and ready for pack-horse transportation to any part'r* the district.     When yon reach Ferguson
portation to any par
don't overlook.these.f icts,
McKinnon & Sutherland,
A- E. Holdich, Esq.,
Revelstoke, B. C.
Our [Natural Ciflnr Supply Point.
Messrs. Sims it Co., of tho Kootenay
Cigar Manufacturing Co., Nelson, B.C.,
are reaching out for a share of the
cigar business in this camp, as will be
seen from their ad. in the EAGLE.
Their cigars speak for themselves and
in the interests of those who interest
themselves in our field, these cigars
should be called for and insisted upon
by men of all classes in this district.
Hon. F. Carter-Cotton will visit this
placo at early spring. The EAGLE
would suggest to Messrs. Craig & Hill-
man that " Dycie " be the driver from
the Landing on this occasion. And if
that road isn't corduroyed, drained and
tho danger of constant mudslides and
falling trees overcome within one
month, we miss our guesB.
ArrangemontB with tho telephone
line here for daily despatches from the
outside world wore being negotiated
this week, but for tho present it was
decided to wait awhile. Messrs. Kin-
man & Currio havo tho lino in good
shape, and Ferguson, Trout Lake City,
Thomson's Landing and Comaplix are
now listed as telegraph offices in the
C. P. R. system.
Ferguson Packing
and Transfer Outfit
Contracts ontorod into for packing of
Mining Supplies, etc., to any point
In the district.
Good, prompt service, and any work
undertaken guaranteed.
Freighting from Thomson's Landing
to Ferguson a specialty.
S. DANEY, Proprietor.
H.J. Jackson,
General Blacksmith.
Drop a lino to mo, or II von want
Bread in any quantity, let me know,
and I'll quote prices fow enough to
Interest you. Our WeddiliK Cake
artist Is the beat ill B. 0.    Address:
Beer    ���*
Made by tho Enterprise Browing
Co,, at Revelstoke, Ib keeping
the camp cheerful. When you
want the bost insist on " Enterprise." All tbe leading hotels
handle it.
No danger of bush fires now
But you litul bettor communicate with the
unilcrslKiic'l for rates, etc., of insurance "f
.   your buildings, slock, etc.    Forewarned is
forearmed.  Our ratosare, reasonable Bond
tit once for particulars.
Real Estate, Loan and Insurance Aircnt,
Methodist Church,
Services iu Forrester's Hall every Sunday at
7::!0jt.]ii. Sunday School al:: p.m. Everybody
cordially invited.
.1. E.   i'LEMINli.
S. Shannon,
Assayer and Analytical
Ferguson Shaving
All brunches of the tonsorlal art executed with
ambidcxtcrious dexterity.
Send your white shirts
where you can surety depend upon getting
them " put up" iu the beat possible style,
and at a reasonable price. We will pay the
carriage to and from Arrowhead and do
your laundry at Revelstoke prices. Give
us atrial. Wo believe we pan satisfy you
In carriage, price and work.
outgoing mall leaves Pergu��on oflice every
Tuesday, Thursday nnil Saturday at 12 a.m.
Mail arriu's same evenings, until further
notice is given.
The Pioneer Store
Cummins & Co.
House Painting
and Decorating
J. Booth,
The s.s. lardeau
Leaves Comaplix for Thomson's Landing
at 8 a. m.
Leaves Thomson'H Landing   for Arrow-
bead at 6:'<V) a. m.
Returning leaves Arrowhead for The
son's Lauding at 2:30 p. m.
leaves Thomson's Landing for Uomapi...
at 4 p.m.
Comaplix, B. G,
The Roat from Arrowhead Arrives near mlddnv
and you just feel like having a good square
meal at the
Prospector's Exchange,
Thin done to the ([Ucen'H taste, the wayfarers
may then proeure anything to suit their taste
from a select stock of Wines, Liquor and Cigars
and proceed totbeir destination.
T. W.OIUHAMK, Proprietor.
Sick People
If you want medicine supplied from the
purest nf Drugs and accurately dispensed
fend to the
��� ���      , REVELSTOKE, II. 0.
.Mall orders promptlyattemled to.
1 Go to The Post Oiiice Store
If you wish to got tlio^necossuries for home or the
hillside otunp.
Groceries, Provisions, Dry Goods,
Tools, Boots nnd Shoes, Clothing,
Crockery, Steel, Powder: all kinds
of Miners' Supplies
fpjj Wo have a fjoocl assortment, in these lines, and can supply Camp
1$S Outfits on short notice, at close prices.
Call and 6ce our stock add fret quotations.
Batho Sz Co.   ,
Special attention to orders sent by carrier.
...Hotel Lardeau.
J. laughton, Proprietor.
Ferguson, B. C.
i jjHjHjHSf ���3$H$KvHfH��5 #$#r$-$ &$���$$ $^H$H>H
IrTergusoii, B.tX
Hotel Ferguson
-��)��.����<���� go H��m����������
The Bar is supplied with the best brands of
Wind', Liquors and Cigars
Headquarters for Mining and Coirtmercial Men.
Mates $2.00 a Day and upwards.
Ferguson Bros., Proprietors.
<������tO����o��aw �����*- m+***HHHW+
if .^S^g^Si
A large stock of aborted Wall
Papers, embossed nnd ingrain,
With border and eelllngs to
match, now selling at a vcrv
low llgure.
The Kootenay Cigar Mf.g Co., Mlso/i, B.C.


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