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Lardeau Eagle 1900-09-19

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The lardeau eagle.
$2.00 A YEAR.
A Broader View of the District's General Prosperity Should Prevail
Among Progressive Men.
The Season's Work Nearly Completed on the Umpire Oroup.���Spring
Supplies Now Being Paokod In.���The Maggie May Group Sold
For $30,000.���Work Ceased on the Rob Roy at an Inoportune
Time.���The Nettle L. to Ship Between 600 and 750 Tons of High
Grade Ore.���Monitor and Mogul Condemned by Two Engineers.
In its issue of the 14th  the Revel-1 intersected tbe first ledge, at the 130
stoke Herald makes a  feeble attempt | ft. point and found some ore.   When
to demonstrate why a prospector
should be allowed to stake and relocate
year in and year out aa many claims
as he deems fit. If the editor of the
Herald bad ever resided in the midst
of a mining camp the Eaole believes
his opinion on this question would
change materially.
Does the Herald mean to tell
us that one man owning fort'
claims is as beneficial to the
camp's general prosperity as ten mon
owning four each.
In the former case no pretense
is made to do tbe required assessment work, but as the claims
expire periodically they are simply
relocated and the government gets
$2.50 for recording fees. No development is done, the property remains
unprospected and neither the owner
nor anyone else knows the value of the
property. And what is more no one
- else has any show. In the Eagle's
opinion it is a dog-in-the-manger
In the latter ease, however, where
the ten or maybe twenty-five ownerB
hold the property, assessment work
is done and the clalt a either become
prospective shippers ot nil.
and chances a prospector has to endure; but for the life ot ub wo cannot
see why one man should be allowed to
hold more claims than he can faithfully represent.
As one who is on the ground the
writer finds that in most cases these
��� "extra" claims aro held for the purpose of catching achoapjohn promoter,
who in turn forms a company, floats it
and rings it in on the said company at
tho price of a mine. This acts as a
boomerang in the long run and all
hands in the camp have to suffer and
pay dear for it.
If there were fewer claims held by
more actual owners more development
work would be done, more shippers
would be created and many more
saleable properties available.
Investors, if they are shrewd, are
not looking for a piece of ground with
a location post upon it. They want
properties which have been proved
worthy of further development. And
just so long as prospeotors can goon
and on, holding back a camp by relocating instead of developing, juat so
long will capital light shy, for they
realize at a glance that their chances
for securing a partially developed
property is very slim indeed.
If instead of always pleading for the
prospector a law wero put In vague,
the same as In two statoa across the
line, requiring all claims to expire on
one date, tho snmo as licenses, the
difficulty would bo almost entirely
removed. Tills may aeem harBh but
the Eaole assures Its roaders that it
is our conscientious opinion, after
sizing up tho local situation hero. Tho
whole district's welfare should not be
sacrificed to benefit (?) a few personB
no more than society should regulate
itself to help a few individuals.
[A reply, putting forth a different
view of the abovo question, by a local
well-informed man, will appear in next
issue of the Eaole.]���Ed.
tbe contract is completed some 40 or
50 ft. oi drifting will be done, which
will constitute the work for this season.
The desperate means of transportion
and 'the soarcity of wood makeB the
Empire an expensive proposition to
work, but lf the surface indications are
borne out with the present depth the
company will be amply rewarded for
their expenditure.
Maggie May Group.
James Rutherford has just returned
to Spokane from an eight months' trip
to London. He reports having formed
a company to operate a Maggie slay
group of mines in Lardeau district,
the company having a capitalization
of $50,000. This property was owned
by John Lynch of RoBsland, who sold
the claims to the company for $30,000,
and retains an interest in the company.
[The company organized is composed of
good substantial men who will take
hold of '.he properties and develop
them at >nco.���Nelson Tribune.
Sol Ready For thu Railway.
No fit i.ntract has been let as
yet on t '.'���"   to that it Is now
bfffi^ffig^i&i-ttiewiagin the
upper works, and no object attained in
the lower tunnel as it is, so that further
development seems necessary. It may
possibly be worked this winter. It
should be put over the critical stage
before ceasing operations, at any
The Old Standby.
The Nettle L. mine is ready and
waiting for the rawhiding season. The
company intend to ship between 500
and 750 tons of their richest ore this
winter, over a 100 tons of which is now
sorted and sacked. The Nettie L.
mine is growing bigger, richer and
better with every shift.
One of the Blanks.
Two reports recently made on the
Monitor and Mogul by mining
ungineers wero very unfavorable. A.
E. Welch's company has dropped it,
but all accounts aro being met by Mr.
His Excuse is a Very Lame One
Public money has largely if not
wholly built tho Crow's Nest Pass
railway for tho C. P. R. in its own
mime. Public money is building a
railway from Winnipeg to Lake
Superior In the name of Mackenzie &
Mann. If these two sections of railway
had been built for the pooplo who paid
for them, tbo technical supremacy!
which tho original C. P. R. agrooment
conferred upon that corporation would
not have been worth the paper upon
which tbat agreement was written.
The public ownership of tho Crow's
Nest Pass and Rainy River lines would
have put the country in a position to
demand fair treatment for tho west.���
Revelstoke Herald.
They Visit Halcyon Springs, Rossland and Nelson.
The vice-regal party, Lord and Lady
Minto,   with  their suite   and   stuff,
arrived in West Kootenay on Friday
the "th from the Pacific coast, after
visiting tbo Yukon and Atlin districts.
They 'proceeded   direct   to   Glacier
House by a special, where Saturday
and part of Sunday was spent. Leaving
there on Sunday they arrived tlie same
evening by a special at Arrowhead,
where they embarked on board the a.
s. Kootenay and spent the night tbere.
Very little was seen of His Excellency
at Arrowhead as 'he remained in his
oar until he embarked on the steamer.
The   Kootenay started out sharp on
time   on   Monday morning, so as to
reach Robson West ahead of time in
order that the special train there for
RosBland might pull out half an hour
ahead of the ordinary train.
A short stay was made at Halcyon
Springs to enable the governor general
to view this up-to-date sanitarium.
The wharf waB profusely decorated
with bunting and flags, while the front
of the buildings were tastefully
ornamented with evergreen inter-
sperced with banners. Here the party
was joined by Hon. C. H. Mackintosh,
whose gueBt the governor general was
to be while in Rossland. After in
specting the establishment and
accepting a case of its. mineral waters
for his table use while in the west, the
steamer proceeded to Robson; arrived
on time and the special pulled out
according to schedule.
Rossland was profusely decorated to
welcome the vice-regal party.
Triumphal arches Bpanne'd its streets.
Avenues of trees were placed along the
main thoroughfares to bo traversed.
Many of tho business establishments
were nisgniflciently decorated. Flue:9
and bunting .wore- everywhere. Thoj
whole of Rossland in ull the various
classes of social grade vied to give His
Excellency e grand ovation.
After his reception and a drive
through part of the city the governor
general spent Monday evoning in
retirement. Tuesday was the day of
big events. Drives through the city,
social functions, visit to tho War
Eagle, lunch at the 13. A.C. offices,
inspection of tho Le Roi, with its
immense blocks of oro, banquet nt the
Kootenay House, filled up that day's
On Wednesday at 12 the party pulled
out of Rossland for Nelson, where a
b! miliar course of events wero repeated
and whore tho citizens endeavored to
outrival those of Rossland in its
reception of tho Queen's representative.
From Nelson the party proceeded
through the Crow's Nest Pass for
Alberta, with a short stay at Fernie to
visit the coal fields and inspect the
coko ovons, and before Medicine flat
is reached, on tho main lino, the party
will visit the various Indian reservations, in turn, tlio Stonoy Indians,
tho Bloods, tho Croes nnd tho Blaclc-
Contention That The Lardeau-Trout Lake Mining Division is a Low
Distriot Entirely Unfounded.
Two Big Offers Turned Down by the Triune Owners���126Sacks of Ore
Ready For Shipment at the Cromwell.���Great Strides of Progress
Being Made in the Old Gold Camp.���Properties in the Vicinity
Which Could Ship Ore at a Big Profit Even Under the Existing
Conditions.���Other Interesting Items For Perusal.
The Triune lessees are still getting
out ore, and hope for an open fall so
that they can make the best of their
lease, as it expires this year.   They
have shipped 20 tons of $300 ore for
which  thoy   have  received   returns.
Another 25 tons is now at the Landing,
probably 10 tons at Ten-Mile and about
50 tons sacked and ready for the pack
horses at the mine, which S. Daney  is
now rushing, down to Ten-Mile every
day.   The lessees hope to take out at
east 150 or 1G0 tons,  but if they get
anything like an open fall they will
reach their goal���200 tons.   200 tons at
the estimated value, $300 a ton net,
gives a total of $00,000 after paying $47
a ton for freight and shipment.   If it
is even $50,000, after making all allowances, the   lessees  and owners have
made an enviablo shewing.   Just fancy
proposition such as this one in any
other quarter of the globe.   Why it
would be alive with seeking investors
in a month's time.   But then this is
the Lardeau.   No such a record can bo
produced elsewhere in the Dominion
And this is only the beginning.
The Cromwell's Test Shipment.
S. Graham came down yosterday
from the Cromwell, with additional
samples for assay. The owners have
now 126 sacks ready for packing down
tho hill, and if the 3now stays away
long enough they will have their proposed 200 sack shipment out. The
average weight per sack is 70 lbs., so
that the smelter test shipment will bo
7 tons. The ore will bo packed down
the Trout lake slope of the mountain
via the Mabel trail. Mr. Graham feels
confident their returns will outrival
all previous records for high-grade
ore, there being higher gold values
than in tho Triune. Not a great deal
of development is being done this
season, but as soon as possible noxt
spring a systematic program will be
prosecuted. The discovery of this
wonderful claim, along with tho
Triune, is fairly good progress for this
season if nothing more had been done.
The outlook for next year is growing
brighter in spite of the mnny obstacles
confronting- and retarding development in this district.
Ferguson brothers have been offered
a $500,000 bond by btoralaod pMitiaa on
tbe Triune, with ten per cent, down;
hut as they know of no better investment at present for their money they
have turned the offer down. A standing offer of $100,000 cash for tills
property also stares them in tho face
(whttt a lovely sensation to wake up to
in the morning!) hut they have
determined to work the property
themselves���and if indications go for
anything rightly too.
P. Cummins, P. L. S., und party are
busy surveying tlie Triune group of
live claims, preparatory to crown
granting. Cabins are being erected
this woek on the property, and provisions will be packed in at once, so
that nothing will be left to hinder an
early commencement of work, by the
owners this time, on Lardeau's famous
high-grade one season old mine.
OMiund Ottmp.
A.,   who   returned
from the Old Gold   camp  on
rrORfms In th*
S. Shannon,   B.
evening, reports a prosperous oondition
existing in this woll known quarter of
the district. The strike on tho Old
Gold, ho says, has not been exaggerated by recent reports, and furthor
development is revealing tlie size of
the ore body to good advantage. On
tho Guinea Gold tiie crosscut should
tap the lead within a few days. Mr.
Shannon has an excellent opinion of
the Old Gold eamp and speaks in
highest praise of its future.
The Empire Group.
Superintendent R. Leckle-Ewing is
down from the Empire group for a few
days, buying Bupplles and arranging
with S. Daney to have them taken over
this week. The company will not work1
all winter but want to have everything
in readinesB for an early start next
season. The orosscut tunnel is now
in 160 ft. and the contract calls for 40
ft. moro. When this is completed Mr.
Ewing expects they will have crosscut
all three leads,   They have already
Postoffice Inspector Dorman is calling for tenders for winter mail service
between Arrowhead and Ferguson.
The new contract is for during the
close of navigation on the Arm and
calls for a twlce-a-week service. Mr.
Dorman is apparently taking dub
precaution this time to ensure a fulfillment of the same, as the conditions
are exacting, as may be seen from the
notice posted by Postmaster Geo, B,
Marked Progress Made This Year
Says the Topic
Keeping puce with  mining development has been Hie Improvements on
the various ranches along tho wagon
road.   Gua Olson lias made some very
marked Improvements to his property,
both ln building nnd Increase of crop
area.   So has Andrew Peterson, whose
property adjoins his. Harry Langrell's
place is looking will under this season's
work.   The Adams' Bros, aro forging
well to the front and John Pullman's
exertions thia sunimer has resulted in
placing   a very nice clearing at his
disposal   for  next season's  planting.
Frank Fulmer's placejias been markedly   Improved   and   next  year  both
vegetables and  small fruits  in large
quantities   will toward his industry,
All along tho line of tho road from
Trout Lake to Armstrong lake as the
months go by tlie.indUBtry of tho plucky
fellows who hnvo undertaken   to reclaim the land  from the virgin forest
is becoming moro  and more noticeable and their reward lies at no groat
distance in tho future.
The Facile has much pleasure in
giving the following, from the Topic
tho advantage of its larger circulation.
The sitititlion lias simmered down to a
point where wo muBt  needs do more
shipping, face tho music and go ahead
as though capitalists wero no use on
earth anyway.   The Topic very truthfully says:   Many of the strikes which
have been  mado    this summer  are
away above the average in richness
and OOuld he shipped  from railway er
no railway, nt a very fair profit.   Take
for   iustuni'o   the   Luoky  Jim,     This
property could be shipped from'tit a
big profit right now.   Soalsocould the
Cromwell, if surface indications go for
anything,    From   the    Metropolitan
group, one nf the latest and   richest
strikes, ere could hi: sent to the smelter
with a good net return.   There would
he no  difficulty in getting out a  shipment   from   tho I, X. L. which   would
more   than   repny   Ihe cost of mining
nnd smelting.     Smelter returns are a
mighty handy thing to have and are ti
hundred per cent more to a man  who
wishes to disposo of his property   than
ore on the dump.     It  needs considerable nerve to face existing conditions
but it can   be   done.     We   have   tho
Triune  as an example and no one can
say it was an easy thing.   The Triune,
of course, was a   wonderful proposition
hut we have confidence enough in   tho
country to believe that it.  is  not  the
only one.   The Triune had to be takon
on Its surface Indications,   and   il  did
not fail its owners.    So  why  not the
other'new ;;8trikos  which are giving
such phenomenal returns from their
The people of Fort Steelo must work
together for the common ireod. It is
the persistent man who wins in tho
long run, and so it must with communities. Tlie modest and retiring
man must take a Intel: "cut. if not ho
will be pushed from the course by the
fellow hound to get, there. On tho
same principle communities can get
what they want if thoy stay with it.
As the woman who married the man to
get rid of him, so witli governments tn
get rid of an Importunate legislator
wilt give him what lie asks,���Prospoc-
There  are   perhaps  one   thousand
business and professional men in Yale-
Cariboo, about evenly divided between
the Conservative and Liberal parties.
There are in the constituency  l!.2!i2
voters,    Tho    Liberal   party   in   tlie
constituency,    dominated     by     this
numerically small class, has nominated
a  candidate   for   tlie commons,   Tlio
Conservative party will also have such
a  candidate   in   the   field in the near
future.    The  interests  of   the    men
dominating  these   two   parties   are
identical   and it matters net who is
elected he will be expected to represent
these class Interests.   Neither can ho
elected except by the votes of working-
men.   Workingmen then will elect a
man to represent class interests which
are   opposed   to  the   interests  of the
workers.   Isn't that foolish?   Furnishing \our enemies with a  club to beat
von 1;�� death  with?    When  will you
learn better, workingmen?   When will
you learn that your votes at tho polls
will elect, a man to represent YOUR
INTERESTS  instead  of  a   man   to
represent interests opposed to yours.
Think a little (or yourselves.���Industrial World. IN KUMASSI.
Besieged in the Ashanti Town By
Blood-Thirsty    Natives. ��� Belief
March.-Thrilling Details by
One Who Was There.
Now that things are quieter in Ash-
antl, and Major Wilcox's punitive force
has the whip-hand of the Insurgent
natives, it Is Interesting to read an interview which a representative of
Reuter's agency has had with an officer who just returned from Kumassl.
Ht-- was with the relief force which
fought its way from the north Into the
Capital, was besieged with Governor
Hodgson in Kumassl itself, and was
with those who succeeded in cutting
their way out and only reached the
coa?t after heavy fighting. His narrative gives the first detailed account
of the siege of Kumassl by an eyewitness which has yet been published.
Dealing first with the remarkable
march from the north Into Kumossi
the officer referred to said:
On April 18th the first reports reached the British garrison at Gambaga of
trouble with the Ashantis, and immediately Major A. Morris, D. S. O., the
Commissioner of the Northern Territories, who was in command at headquarters, began preparations to march
to Kumassl, 340 miles to the. south. In
three days everything was in readiness, and the force, consisting of four
officers, 170 Hausas or all ranks, a 7-
poundor gun and a Maxim, set out for
the south, Major Morris In command.
Jn addition to this force there was a
troop of Moshi cavalry, a native volunteer force, which had been raised
by Major Morris and had successfully
been employed In the Northern Territories against unfriendly tribes. During the march to Kumassl the weather
was very trying, extremely hot ln the
daytime, with torrential rains at night.
The force marched along the narrow
track in single file, the column being
about a mile in length.
Six days after we had left headquarters
were received from the Governor requesting Major Morris to proceed to
his assistance at once. Pushing ahead
with all speed, the force reached Kln-
tampoo, 238 miles from our starting
place and 100 from Kumassl, in thirteen days, really a splendid performance, averaging seventeen miles a day.
A halt of two days was necessary at
Kintampo to concentrate the force,
and advantage was taken of this stop
to send messages to the powerful N'-
Koranzas with the hope of persuading
them to remain loyal. This Major
Morris succeeded In accomplishing.
At   tiiilf   paut   m'x   on   thu  mornlngr  ot
May 0th the reinfoived column, which
now consisted of seven white officers
and 230 non-commissioned officers and
men, with machine guns and 82 native
levies, under Major Morris, left Kintampo for Kumassl, During the first
twenty-four hours nothing of any importance occurred, but much anxiety
was felt as to whether the N'Koran-
zas, whose town we were rapidly approaching, would prove to be loyal.
The Chief, who had previously been
friendly to us. had been seized by tho
Ashantis and compelled to swear that
he would fight the British, but his
sister, the Princess, resolutely refused
to abandon her ancient loyalty- She
would probably have been forced to
side with the Ashantis had we not
reached the town in the nick of time,
thus supporting the Princess and enabling the King to defy the Ashantis.
The Princess and her followers met us
outside the town with great rejoicing,
Major Morris, immediately after our
arrival, ordering a big palaver to
which he expressed his pleasure at the
loyalty of the Princes** who was overjoyed wnen told that the town would
not be burnt.
The loyalty of
having been secured, the march was
resumed, and soon we got into the
thick of the enemy's country. The deserted village of N'Quanta was burnt
and soon we reached a broad river
where scouts exchanged shots with the
enemy, who retired rapidly. Two
hours later we encountered their main
body in ambush in the grass outside
the large town of Sekedumassl. A
galling fire was opened upon our advance guard, but on our machine gun
coming Into action the enemy bolted.
Our march had been so rapid that the
Ashantis, who jost heavily, we�� surprised. Our casualties were only
three wounded. We at once occupied
their town, where we were glad to
find a large quantity of half-cooked
meat. We camped for the night after
forming square round the place.
The night passed quietly, and early
next morning a. Hying column was
despatched to destroy the adjacent unfriendly town of Fran tee. This having been accomplished the column returned to Sekedumassi, the destrue-
ton of which place was then completed. In this town we found a large
fetish grove with remains of very recent human sacrifices. The stench
���was awful, the sacrificial receptacles
under the great trees containing fresh
human blood and portions of mutilated bodies.
An area of deserted country was
now crossed and on the following day
two more villages were burnt to the
ground without opposition. In one of
ihe villages we found a woman who
said that all the warriors had concentrated two hours from Kumassl In or-
<ler to oppose our advance.
Rapidly the situation became more
threatening, and on May 14th, two
nours after we had destroyed one of
the enemy's towns, our native levies
became heavily engaged, having walked straight Into an ambush. They fell
back on our advance column, and after
neavy fighting, In which we had twelve
casualties, the Ashantis were driven
off.   The ambush had been very
behind a great tree.
During the remainder of tihat day
we entered and burnt three more villages. "We found the country deserted,
the Ashantis having evidently, In view
of our unexpected rapid march, fallen
back for the purpose of concentrating
near the capital.
May 15th, the date of our arrival at
Kumassl, was a day of Incessant fighting, in the course of which Major Morris was severely wounded in the groin
while leading an attack. The previous
night the force encamped at Brumm
In the midst of dense plantation, and
ns an extra precaution all sentries
were doubled. Early on the morning
Of the lotih scouts brought in word that
a strong Ashantl ambush had been
prepared in front of us, and shortly
afterwards we saw an ugly stockade
right across the road. The 7-pounder
Was at once brought into action to
Craw the enemy's fire, and In a few
minutes the Ashantis replied with volleys from all directions. In about an
hour the fusilade ceased except from
behind the stockade, which Major Morris decided must be rushed without delay. The charge was ordered, Major
Morris and Caiptain Maguire running
ahead of their men. The former had
not prooeedd twenty yards before he
was badly wounded, and fell ln the
road. The stockade was eventually
taken, with tihe loss of Major Morris
and 15 Hausas wounded, and at 3
b'clock the same afternoon Kumassl
was reached. Major Morris continued
'from his hammock, although In Intense
pain with intervals of unconsciousness.
The first stockade taken, the advance
was rapidly continued in order to prevent the enemy reforming. A second
stockade was encountered 800 yards to
the rear, 6 feet high, on which even the
7-pounder had no effect, and scarcely
had this been scaled before a third
Stockade was discovered. Our rapid
advance had, however, entirely disconcerted the enemy, who had evidently
prepared to strongly oppose us at this
point. Kumossi was still some 12
mites distant. "We continued our advance until we reached one of the investing stockades round the capital.
To our great surprise this particular
one was not held at the moment of
our arrival, and we got into Kumassl
without further opposition. During
the day's fighting we had killed several hundred Aahantls, Including a
number of Important chiefs.
At 3 p. m. on May 15th, to our great
relief, we caught sight of the fort of
Kumassl, and saw that the Union Jack
was still flying from the flagstaff. A
few minutes later Major Morris was
receiving the congratulations of the
besieged garrison on his splendid
march  from  the north.
We found that the town was Invested nn every sldp. For a radius of a
mile round the fort, the Ashantis had
erected very strong stockades, each
communicating with the other by a
path so that every fort could be quickly reinforced. Each stockade faced
our fort and was about six feet Jn height
and loopholed at the top. Behind these
obstacles, which were made of great
balks of timber, the enemy were encamped. Having unsuccessfully attacked the fort already, the Ashantis
now acted on the defensive rather than
the offensive, so that within the
the garrison were able to move about.
Within this enclosure were a number
of other buildings besides the fort-
Three hundred yards distant were the
Hausa lines, whioh were occupied and
connected by entrenchments, with the
gaol, In which there was also a Hausa
garrison. All the other buildings cut-
side the fort were deserted, but within musketry range, the loyal native
Inhabitants were encamped ln huts,
while in the fort were the Governor
and Lady Hodgson, three Basel missionaries and their wives, some mining
engineers, and about half a dozen officers, the remainder being with their
men ln the Hlaiusa lines.
At this time the tension was not so
great as it became later on, as relief
from the coast was expected d irh g
the next fortnight. Both ammunition
and food were, however, rapidly giving
out. and soon we became very hard
pressed indeed. At the time the column with the Covernor cut lu way
out, rations had been reduced to a biscuit and a half per day, ar.d five
ounces of meat, Nothing e-lFe of any
description was to be had, and the native civilians were dying of starvation
Rlt the rate of 30 to 40 per day. The
few luxuries obtainable at the beginning of the siege were sold by the native traders for ridiculous prices. Biscuits, 10s. each; matches, 2s, a box;
a seven-���pound tin of flour, 6a-; a small
tin of corned beef, ��2 16s; whiskey, 2s.
a spoonful���such were some of the
prices readily paid so long as these
luxuries lasted, but these soon gave
out. Our five ponies had to be killed
for food, and on the day we left Kumassl there was only three and a half
days' rations on
for the whole garrison. It thus became a question whether it would not
be better to so reduce the garrison that
'the supply of food would last 24 days
than for the whole force to remain
with nothang before it but starvation
in three and a half days' time, so Major Morris decided to get out, leaving
a sufficient force to hold the place until relief came.
During this trying time the garrison
managed to keep up their spirits-, and
the ladies displayed great rowem of
endurance. One of the most depressing circumstances was the great number of deaths. Over 150 were daily employed in going the rounds and burying the dead, consisting for the most
part of native civilians and camp followers who had died of starvation. It
l-e?ame quite common th find live or
six bodies lying round the fort, and
towards the end even In the fort Itself
three or four Hausa soldiers died dally.
There were many cases of lockjaw
among the Hausas.
1 For some time after our arrival at
Kumassl Major Morris was so ill that
he had to direct the operations from
Jiis hammock.
, On May 19th It was decided to make
a reconnaissance in force of the Ash-
anti lines. Captain Armltage, with a
jtoroe of Hausas and levies, and a 7-
pounder, was ordered to attack the
Debleusaba stockade, while a force of
160 Hausas with four 7-pounders and
three Maxims was concentrated at the
jail. The nexit morning Major Morris
was carried down to the jail and opened a heavy fire on the Mampon stockade. Reconnolterlng parties were sent
put to other roads, and alt reported
.that the enemy was in great strength-.
A force under Captain Marshall approached to within a hundred yards
Pf the Krobo stockade, but
Captain Armltage was also ordered
.to retire on its being found that the
stockade he was attacking bad been
voluntarily reinforced.
; During the day's operations Captain
Leggett was severely wounded in the
. Several sonties were made to get information, and during the last week
a vigorous rocket fire was directed upon the enemy's stockades. There were
many casualties among the white officers, most of whom were wounded on
several occasions.
On May 2&th Captain Maguire was
shot dead during an attack at N'Tlmi-
da for the purpose of getting food, and
was burled in the afternon, the Governor conducting the service.
On May 30th a further reduction of
rations was ordered, and every day
matters steadily went from bad to
worse, until it was decided to partially evacuate the place. Every road was
eagerly waltohed by the enemy, but
after Infinite trouble Major Morris succeeded in discovering a track by which
he hoped to be able to get out of the
town. This was kept a close secret,
and until 10 o'clock on the night previous to their departure It was not
known that an attempt to get out was
From the time of the departure of
the relief column from Gambaga to
the date of the departure from Kumassl we had one officer killed, While
other officers received altogether seventeen wounds: Native officers, one
killed, three wounded; Hausas, twenty
killed, 294 wounded. In addition the
native levies suffered heavily.
to the coast was very trying, and waB
not accomplished without great hardships and heavy loss. After leaving
the capital our losses were two officers killed (one had been previously
wounded four times), one officer
wounded, 80 men killed and missing
and 37 wounded.
The column under the command of
Major Morris moved out of Kumassl
at 5 o'clock on the morning of Saturday, June 23rd. Fortunately there
was a heavy mist. With the force
were the Governor and Lady Hodgson,
the Basel mlslonarles and their wives,
two mining engineers and a number of
officers, doctors, and others. We had
wi-tlh us 600 Hausas of all ranks.
There were about 800 non-combatants
and also 1,000 native civilians following behind the rearguard. The whole
column was two miles ln length, the
ladles being In the centre surrounded
by a special guard. An hour after
the start, while wading through the
swamps, the advance guard became
engaged at the Patase stockade. Captain Leggett was severely wounded
and we Wad four men killed and nine
wounded, but after heavy firing the
stockade was turned by a flank attack. A road was out through the
stockade for the hammocks* and Loads,
and as the Ashantis were on the run
it waa of vital importance to push on
before the enemy were reinforced.
During tlie whole day we continually
encountered band* of Ashantis. Fighting continued all day, and Captain
Marshall! and Dr. Graham were
We halted 18 miles from Kumassl,
In the Village of Tereboum, whence
the Ashantis were driven after a few
shots and round whioh place we
To Increase our difficulties, a terrific
tornado broke upon us, and lasted
throughout the night. The scene was
a remarkable one. The rush of the
water and the howling of the natives
were Incessant, while there were nealy
3,000 people packed within the square
in a village not 120 yards Ln circumference.
Next morning the column proceeded
through dense forest and encamped
for tihe nitfhit at Maslasu, 30 miles from
Kumassl. Our rearguard had some
fighting with the Ashantis, and lost
six men killed and several wounded.
During the next few days the advance through, the dense jungle waB
most difficult, and the suffering of the
wounded very great. Gradually we
got out of the enemy's country, and
it became increasingly plain that, owing to Major Morris's tactics, the in-
emy would not be able to catch up
Wltlh us. On June 28th Captain Marshall beeaime worse, and In the evening of that day he died. He was burled in his hammock by the aid* of the
track, Major Morris reading the service. On the following day Captain
Leggett breathed his last. The sufferings of all, especially of the wounded,
were terrible, and the swamps and
deep rivers, together with the torrential rains, increased our hardships. It
must be borne In mind that moat of
us had only the clothes we wore, as
the carriers had lost our loads- Gradually, however, we got Into friendly
country, and all, more dead than alive,
eventually reached Cape Coast on July
11th, after a never-to-be-forgotten
march of nearly three weeks from Ku-
A young man may dislike to hear a
pretty girl whlstl#, but h* never objects
to the klssnbie pucker she gets on her
Siiter of Mr. F. K. Bell-Smith, E. C. A.,
Tells of Her Terrible Experience!
at the Commencement of
the Boxer Outbreak.
Exaggerated as doubtless the stories of
devellsh atrocities pej-petrated by the
Boxers In China have been, the truth
Is sufficiently horrible to render unne-
cessary any added coloring by the zeal-
i speak to these men, and I pleaded wita
them for life for all of us. One man
more savage than the rest ran forward
I crying' In Chinese at me, 'I will kill
you.' But another, who seemed to have
influence over 'them, said, alluding to
Mr. Goforlh, who lay in the bottom of
the cart covered with blood, 'You bave
1 killed her husband;   let her go,'  and
| they obeyed hfm.
We reached a village populated with
Chinese Mohammedans, and at first
they would not .receive us, but we
pleaded with them for food and shelter.
At last a poor old woman came forward ln pity for the baby, and then the
men became friendly. They took us
and hid us ln a hut, gave us food, and
when we left gave us even clothing
for the women and children.   We had
ous pen of the special correspondents i torn our garments up to bind the
at Shanghai and other places. There wounds of the men, and the weather
are Just now ln Toronto a party of was growing cold.
Canadian missionaries who came I when we reached the City of Nan-
through the troublous period of the Yang-Hsien we found the walls black
early Summer In China, after fearful with people. We had trouble getting;
experiences. Among these are Rev. I carts to go forward, and the Chinese
Jonathan Goforth, iMrs. Qoforth and gtood about and taunted us. But
children; Dr. Dowe, a lady physician;' we prayed to God to send us #.arts, and
Miss Slemman of Scotland; and Miss they came before we had given up
Pike, of Brantford. | nope,   when we entered the city, some
During the flight from Cheng-te-Pu' 0f those In the crowd cried:
to the coast Mr. Goforth was wounded
with nine sword cuts and nine blows
from curbs, and- has not entirely recovered from his injuries.    Mrs. Go-
but Anally we were allowed to go on
to an inn on the other side ot the city.
forth, who came througih it with her  AB s00n M we were Inside the popu-
ohlldren, the youngest being a balbe of  lace ""tea in, and we were ln danger
of being crushed to death. The children we placed on a bed, and they went
at once to sleep: the men were so far
gone with their wounds that they could
not defend themselves. The Inn waa
packed to suffocation, and the courtyard was jammed with the mob. It
was too dark to see in the building.
Finally we persuaded the people that
If they would go into the .courtyard we
would show them the children, whom
they seemed curious to see. The officials of the city came to us and said:
'Go away; go away.' Mr. Goforth replied: 'If you are going to kill us, kill
us here and have done with it. But
remember our blood will be upon your
heads. If you want us to go, give ua
money, and let us go peacefully.' In
the darkness of the early morning we
left In carts.
In the darkness we lost 'Mr. Griffith
and my son Paul, and it was only after many dangers we found' them again,
although many feared they were dead.
Many times men who came to kill them
turned over and rendered them kindnesses.   A day or so later we came to
seven n.onths, tells a most thrilling
story. She, by the way, Is a sister of
the well known Canadian artist, Mr.
F. iM. Bell-Smith. As a non-combatant, she was an eye-witness of all the
events of the Journey of 23 days from
Cheng-te-Pu to Hankow.
"I now believe ln the Providence of
God as I never did before," said Mrs.
Goforth, in telling her experiences,
"We had charge of one of three
stations In the northern half of the
Province of Honan," said Mrs. Goforth.
"The Yellow River divides the district
Into two parts, and' the northern section 4s shaped like an equilateral triangle. In one of the angles Cheng-te-
Fu is situated. It is surrounded by a
farming country, and, owing to the
failure of the crops and tho consequent
presence of famine, the people were
last -Spring ln a
However, we were ln total ignorance
of the events on the coast, although
our mails were delayed after the middle of May.   Early in June we received
a telegram telling us to escape south ��� a village where there were two Chinese
and avoid Tlen-Tsln. The word 'es- gentlemen who had stayed with us at
cape' aiarmed us, as we did not know | Cheng-te-Pu. At once they asked
what was wrong at the coast, and . where was Florence, our little girl w.io
Tlen-Tsln had been on our usual route had died, and were kindness Itself. They
out of China. We did not leave, how- I gave us letters to the officials of the
ever, but on June 25th we received an towns on our route, and the rest of our
Imperative telegram to leave by the I journey was aa easy as a Journey In
southern route. During the period that | sprirgless carts could be. On the thir-
elapsed between the two telegrams, our: tieth day we reached the Han River.
little daughter Florence -was taken ill Mr. Jamleson's party had arrived pre-
wlth throat trouble and dUd. On June vlously, and sent back money and as-
28th we left.i*�� n��iiSflf��.' .ntrty' Includ-! alstnnre t�� tis. We left for tha coast
Ing a large number from other stations |n Chinese river boats, and were ten
In Honan. Our route lay direct south, days on the water. The boatmen would
During the first few days of our warn us when we were coming to an
journey by carl we suffered Intensely anti-foreign village, and we would be
from heat, and it was only by hanging hidden. Three days before we reach-
wet sheets ln front of our carts and ed Hong Kong, a tug bearing foreign
applying wet cloths to our heads, that officials met us, and for the first time
we escaped sunstroke. During the In many days we tasted wheaten bread.
early -pan of the Journey the party for which the children had been crying;
divided and one convoy headed by Mr. for some time. Then we knew our
Jamtcson, who Is connected with an troubles were over."
American   Railway   Syndicate,   went
ahead. On the ninth day our party
reached the City of Hsln-Tlen, and here
we learned that the movement against
foreigners was at Its height. One of
the servants overheard the Chinese
saying that the foreigners would be
murdered at the city gate In the morn-
We were not molested  that night,
however, and next morning when we
To Be Held in New Westminster Early
in October.
The seventh annual   convention   of
the Sabbath   School Teachers, under
set out there must have been thirty or the direction of the Presbyterian 8ynod
forty thousand Chlne?c abroad to see  of British Columbia, will be held in.
us depart.    The city wails were I St. Andrew's Church on Monday and
m Af K with ppopi.ts Tuesday, October 1st and 2nd.     The
BLACK WITH PEOPLE. | programme|  wnlch ha, ju8t been ,,.
They did not attack us, however, ol- 8ued, Is as follows:
though all of us had gone to the city i pirgt Session���Monday evening, 7:30
gates prepared to face death. After' tt m p. m.: 7:30 to 8-Devotional ex-
we passed the gate and nothing hap- erclses; 8 to 8:15���President's address;
aened I turned and said to Mr. Go- 8:15 to 9-Reports of schools; 8 toSMtj-
forth that we had had all our worry , ..The True prim^ie of Grading the
for nothing, and that they were not gchoor-F. M. Cowperthwaite and W.
ffvfjf"1 US ���""?"��� bul J��* U>en j. Wnlte. 9:45 t0 io_Appolntment of
he sighted a party of four or five hund- committees,
red men on an elevation, and said:
'There's trouble ahead.'    When we ap
proached, the men, who were armed
with stones and daggers, poured down
upon us. We had stretched quilts over
the carts, which shielded us from the
showers of stones, but four horses were
killed at the first onslaught, Mr. Go-
forth Jumped from our cart and was
immediately attacked. I saw him fall
twice and rise again under the slashing
of their swords and the showers of
stones. He was covered with blood
from head to foot. His head was
slashed ln three places. A Chinaman
came up to cut his head off, and Mr.
Goforth gave himself up for dead, but
Second Session���Tuesday morning, 9
to 12 a. m.���9 to 9:15���Devotional exercises; 9:15 to 9:30���Reports of schools;
9:30 to 10���Home department work; 10
to 11���"The Value ot the Bible Class
and How to Make tt a Success"���Uev.
G. A. MacBeth; 11 to 12���1. "Lesson
Help"���G. B. Gross; 2. "Enrolment"
-W. J. White.
Third Session���Tuesday afternoon,
1:30 to 1:45���Devotional exercises: 1:45
to 2:30-"Use and Abuse of Prises In
the Sabbath School"���R. B. McMlck-
Ing; 2:30 to 3:30���"The Evils of the
Modern Sabbath School"���Geo. Mc-
Cualg; 3:30 to 4���"Question Box"���Rev.
by the mercy of God Ihe sword turned ��- B- Cumming; 4 to 4:30���"Teaching
in the man's hand just as he struck. Exhlblted"-4Mlss M. Hunt, B. A.; 4:30
Dr. Leslie was slashed ln fifteen places, to 5:30-"Supptemental Lessons"���Rev.
and his knee cap was cut In two. Mr. '��� ���*������ I*��ati: "Doctrine, History and
Mackenzie had many flesh wounds, and Government of the Church"���Rev. Dr.
Mr. Griffith was also cut. Campbell.
I was sitting in the cart with my Fourth Session, (Public Meeting). ���
little baby in my arms and four men Tuesday evening, 7:30 to 10 p. m.���
qame and struck at the child with their ';3�� to 7:40-Devotlonal exercises; 7:40
swords. One sword blow came within to 8:30-1. "The Raising of Church Fin-
a quarter of an Inch. I pleaded .tor ances"-James McQueen; 2. "The Cen-
my baby's life In Chinese, and Implored   tury'Fund"���J. C. Brown, M. P. P.;
3. "The Schemes of the Church"���Rev.
W. L. Clay; 8:30 to 9:16���"Personal
Decision and Profession of Faith"���
Rev. E. D. McLaren; 9:16 to 9:46���"The
Teacher and the Class"���Rev. J. B.
Vert; 9:45���Report of Resolution Com-
unharmed. While I was talking, Mr. mlttee; closing address.
Goforth, whom I feared was killed, Ttle officers are: President, Rev. J.
struggled to the cart, and the cart got A. n,gan, Eburne, B. C; Vlce-Presl-
away, leaving all our belongings be-   oenhli Rev. 0  A, wli80ni Vancouver;
nlnd', ,  ,      , ^        , Mr. G. B. Gross, New Westminster;
Only one servant deserted us during  M,��� P. B. Hartt Nana|mo; Mr. j. Mes-
thls IMlt, and he was not a convert.   t0I)|  victoria;  Mr. J.  Ramsay, Van-
them not to kill my children. They
comn-.enced to drag the trunks from
the cart, and I told them to take all
the ibooty they wished, but
At first our driver turned about and
couver;  'Treasurer,  Aid. J. McQueen.
said he was going back to the city, but Vancouver; Secretary, Mr. J. Prentice.'
we pleaded with him to go forward, Vancouver
and he did.   Before we got away, how- ���������
ever, the  mob again surrounded our     The earth is a turner and thf-E,:��; is i
cart to kill us.   God gave me grace to tanner. !>
The Series of Bloody Deeds Perpetrated
By Blacks in Vicinity of Sydney, H. 8. W.���Stories of
the Crimea.
got up and got through, the window,
and went towarde where she saw Mr.
O'Brien coming in with his dray, and
told him of the awful deed ot the
.From what can be learned it seems
that the blacks had been reading some
the dime novel kind of literature
about bushwhackers, and bad been
A white woman, who was married to
one of them, waa .found in the blacks'
camp, and arrested iby the police, about
twelve miles from the scene of the first
massacre. She said that her husband
had told her again and again that he
"would be a bushwhacker yet." He
had been reading about bushrangers.
She said this murder was contemplated
for some time, .but the blacks only Intended to murder the males. They
were also going to murder three of
their own people who were at Wollar,
on the Qoulburn Kiver, who, they allege, killed their father. They also
threatened that they would enlist six
more blacks to help them, who, It they
refused, would be murdered. The murder occurred at halt-past 10 on Friday
night. July 27th, and a short time prior
to this the blacks went to the old house
Urlet mention was made In Saturday's Issue of a series of crimes com
mltted by blacks in the neighborhood
���of Sydney, N. 8. W��� the news being
brought by the R.M.S. Warrlmoo. It
appears that the first of the tragedies
occurred at Berelong, about 40 miles
from Dubbo, on the main line from
Sydney, at tlie latter end of
July. The family of Mr. Mawbey
���was murdered by blacks while he was
awav at Berelong, and there was no
man ln the house. Three Iblacks who
lhad been working slashing trees for
*lm are believed to have done the deed.
When the police arrived at the Maw-	
bey bouse they found Miss Kerz, Miss ' -where the men reside, and called [or
Hilda Mawbey and Percy Mawbey jir, Mawbey. He came to the door,
were dead and horribly mutilated, leaving It open. The blacks saw some
Evidently a tomahawk -was used, their men Inside, and told Mr. Mawbey they
ekulls being smashed completely in. wanted rations ln the morning. They
Miss 'Elsie Clarke (a niece of Mr. then left and went straight away and
Mawbey's), Miss Grace Mawbey and committed the murder. The local mil-
Mrs Mawbey were found to be wound- ttla distributed rifles to the peo-
ed to such an extent as to give small ple of the distriet, and the -whole coun-
hope9 of recovery. try was In pursuit of the blacks, -who
iThe scene of the murder baffled de- were thought to be making for Port
ecrlptlon. Percy Mawbey's head was Stephens, where they hoped to be
nearly severed from his body by a shielded by the aboriginals. In a re-
blow on the neok, apparently from a port on the crime, the Inspector-Gen-
tomahawk. Miss Kerz was wearing a eral of the New South Wales Police
flannelette night-dress, and the stick 8ald it would be difficult to exag-
*hat she was 'killed with���an aboriginal Eerate the
Trade Between the Mother Conntry
and Her Colonies.-The Fuel
Famine on the Continent
of Europe.���Notes.,
CHAMBERS of commerce.
I all express wonder that with such advantages no export trade to Europe has
'yet sprung up. From conversation
with these vtsltors it appears that the
present demand for coal in Europe is
not a temporary one. caused by Continental war preparations, and eo due
to the accumulation of large reserves
of coat for naval purposes, although a
large amount of coal is being so used
at present. The principal demand,
however, is due to. the natural increase
of trade and commerce in the great
countries of Europe. Everywhere new
manufactories are being established:
railways, especially those of Russia, are
The recent meeting of the Chambers extending their mileage;   the carriage
of ocean freights has been transferred
of Commerce In London, was of particular Interest to Canada1 from the fact
that several important questions affecting Cotonial trade were threshed out.
The official report of the meeting Just
to hand gives the speeches by Hight
Hon. Joseph Chamberlain and Mr. E. B.
Osier, M. P., Toronto.    Mr. Chamber-
from sailing craft tn steamships, and
the fleets of the latter, belonging to
Continental nations, are all rapidly increasing in numbers; each Power of
Europe Is straining its resources to add
to its fleet of wairahlps, and with an
increase in one and all of the above
there comes an increased demand for
lain,  in opening the meeting, said in  coal to produce  the necessary steam
effect that there were three pians by  power.
which trade relations within the Empire might be arranged:
(1) The Colonies should abandon
their cwn fiscal policies and adopt that
of the Mother Country.    This, he said,
These are some of the principal reasons for the present imperative demand
for fuel.    Looking now at the sources
would, of course, be rejected by the ��r "Jf*'    thf Continental coalfields
_ . ' are hpinir   wnrkprl   lo  rholi' nitmrat cn-
are being worked to their utmost ca-
and the fluff from the night-dress,
into  which    the    distriot   had
Homesteads and occupations
The door of the   room   where   the nad  been  abandoned,   and  men,  wo-
females slept was smashed in with a men ana- children were crowding into
tomahawk.    As soon as the   inmates townshlp9 tor protection, and numer-
���oke and saw the blacks, Miss Kerz oug apPeais were being made for spe
and Grace Mawbey rushed outside
towards -where the men were sleeping,
about three-quarters of a mile away.
The two girls were probably running
hand in thand when they were overtaken and knocked down with etloks and
a tomahawk. The little boy, aged
���Ibout 8, who was concealed under the
bed, heard some of the blacks say:
"There is one more boy yet; we must
cet him." A black who was posted
outside the door, then sang out, with
an oath: "Sail Into them. Jack; ion'!
give any of them a chance; dash all
their brains out."
The greater number of murders that
followed are thought to be the work of
two of the same blacks. The next
murder was at (Mudgee, several miles
away, two days later. Alexander McKay was killed, his head being split
open. The Inquest, at which a ver-
diet of murder was brought In against
Joe and Jimmy Governor, the same-
two blaoks accused of the other crimes,
showed that Mrs. McKay was In the
house, when the girl came running ln
and said: "Two blacks are coming
here; one has a rifle." She went to
the door as they stepped on the verandah. One of them said: "We are
murderers; come outside, and
of you." Mrs. McKay stepped forward. One of them struck her with a
tomahawk, but she turned round to
get Into the house, and only received
a gash on tlhe side of her head. She
then banged the door and bolted It.
They tried to smash the door with a
tomahawk. They smashed all the
windows In with stones. One hit the
girl on the back. One stone also hit
Mrs. McKay on the back of the bead.
The blaoks said: "If you don't open
the door, we will kill the lot of you; if
you do, we won't." Mrs. 'McKay said
to the girl: "We might as well be
killed outside as Inside," and opened
the door and walked outside with her
child In her arms. The blacks ordered
them to stand on the verandah, searched Che place all over, took a lot of eatables and went away. The girl went
to the door and said: "Oh, God, listen
to uncle groaning." They went over to
tlie fence and found Mr. McKay lying
on his back, his head split open with
a tomahawk. They carried him ln-
alde and laid him on the bed. The
girl looked out of the door and saw
the blacks coming baok. The blacks
told the woman to come outside, and
demanded what money Mrs. McKay
had. Mrs. MoKay gave them a pound.
They asked her If she had any more.
When she told them she had not, they
���aid: "You are a liar; we found ��S In
the old man's pooket." They then told
Hrs. MoKay to give them her husband's saddle, saying he would not
want it any more. They took the
horses and left. 'Mrs. McKay also died
the following day.
The murderous blacks then continued on
They committed their next crime some
five or six miles away at Poggy. the
victims being Mrs. O'Brien and her 15
months old baby. Mrs. Bennett, a ladies' nurse, who was with Mrs. O'Brien,
at the inquest told the, story of the
coming of the blaoks and of the murder as follows: The two blacks came
and 'knocked at the door and called
out: "Is anyone at home?" Mrs.
O'Brien replied: "Yes; what do you
want?" The black then presented a
rifle at her and fired. He then turned
and fired at the witness. The shot hit
witness on the left collar-bone, and
came out at the right breast. Witness
fell on her face and lay still. She
saw the youngest of the two blacks hit
Mrs. O'Brien several times over the
head with a tomahawk. Witness could
hear the blows.    One   of the blacks
said to the other:   "Kill the kid."
The child was in Mrs. O'Brien's arms.
Witness saw one of the men hit the
child on the head with the stock of
the gun. This was all that happened
1n the kitchen. The blacks then went
i> Sato the .front part of the house. Witness could hear  them  talking.     She
clal police guards, and for arms and
provisions, which, for obvious reasons,
could not be provided. The Inspector-
General thought a more Judicious
course would be for these settlers,
after removing their families to a position of safety, to combine with their
neighbors in parties of three or four to
reside together at one of their homesteads until the danger was passed,
someone being constantly on guard,
and all being armed. Rifle carbines
were recommended as the best weapons
with which to equip those engaged in
the work.
Jacky Porter, the black captured by
the police, said: "I remember being in
Jimmy Governor's camp, with Joe Gov
ernor, Jack Underwood, Peter the boy,
Jimmy Governor and his missus, a
white woman. Jimmy and Jack Underwood lett'/camp. They wore away
about,, two hours. Jimmy came back
first. He said to all of us: "Well, we
better get away from here; we have
been rushing Mawbey's house, and
have hit the girl and boy, and two
more girls." Jimmy said one jumped
out of the window and hit them with
a nullah-nullah. When Underwood
came back he said: *Me and you bush
rangers now, Jack; we must go away
out of this to the camp at Dlgllah.
The police will shoot us If we Btay in
camp.' I said to Jimmy: 'You'll get
hanged now.' Jimmy said: 'I knocked down four.' He also said: 'Joe.
I'll kill you. I want to take you with
me; if you don't come. I'll kill you.
Jimmy says Jack Underwood came
back to camp and said: 'Jacky, how
many did you knock down?' He said
'Only one.' Jacky said: 'I hit the little girl on the head.' Jtmmy said he
killed three. Jacky had a rifle and a
tomahawk In his hand. He said Jimmy was going to kill all the blacks at
Woltar, and then go out bushranglng."
Appointments and Announcements in
Current "British Columbia Gazette".
Thu following appoint men ts nnil an
nr.uncementB appear in the current "Brit
ish Columbia Gazette":
John Lawrence, of Hope, to be Justice
of the Peace.
Ernest T. W.  Pcarse,  of KamloopB,
be Deputy Registrar of the Supreme and
County Courts.
William J. Rant, of Bennett, to be Do<
puty Mining Recorder for Porcupine, with
un office, at Pleasant Camp, on thu Pal-
ton Trull.
On and after the 1st of October tho
piaco of registration of bills of sale for
that pan of Kootenay covered by the
North Riding of Blast Kootenay Electoral
District shall be at Golden, and of tho
Revelstoke Riding, at Revelstoke.
The fee for the hearing of mining cases
by the Royal Commission sent lo the Porcupine Division of Atlin are fixed at $'Ar>,
being the same as charged last year tn
ouch oases.
A new school district has been established at Wlndermore, with the following
boundaries: On the north the Shuswap
Indian Reserve, east of the Rocky Mountains, south of the Kootenay Indian Reserve, and west Lake Windermere.
Certificates for incorporation have been
Issued to:
Tho Oleanor Mining & Milling Company,   Limited, of Cassiar.
Tho Nanaimo Building & Loan Company to take over a portion of the estate
of tho Nanaimo Equitable. Pioneers' Society of Nanaimo.
The Star Hotel Company of Vancouver.
The X-Ray Mining Company, of Rossland.
A licence has been Issued to t'he Nim-
rod Syndicate, Ltd., of London, Eng., to
carry on business ns an extra-Provincial
Company, and the Big Dipper Mining Co.,
of Spokane, has been registered as an
extra-Provincial Company.
Courts of revision to revise the voters*
lists will be held on November 5th, in the
following districts: Comox, Cowichan,
Nanaimo City and District, New Westminster, Richmond, Delta, Dewdney,
Yale (North Riding), and West Koote*
nay (Rossland).
Robert Erskine, as trustee, calls a
meeting of the creditors of Albert W. Snider, contractor, of Victoria, for September
2fith, 1900, under assignment, for the benefit of creditors.
(2) That which was laid before the P^tty and cannot exceed their present
Ottawa Congress, by which the Colon- annual output; those of Great Britain
les would be teft free to impose what J��� W^* approaching that state All
protective duties they please upon for- he ^���pean nations "e J?��k5g cloSe"
eign and upon British commerce, but
should foe required to make a small discrimination In favor of British trade,
in return for which Britain was expected to change her whole system and Impose duties on food and on raw material. As to this, Mr. Chamberlain Bald:
"I express again my own opinion when n,aturnl consequences are an lmmodlate
I say that there is not the slightest rl<* "> PJ1��� *f a ***** ,(��rMnew,
chance that in any reasonable time this ����urc��> of supply. The coalfields of
country or the Parliament of this coun
ly after their own coalfields, Germany
having" prohibited the export of coal,
while the newspapers of England are
catling for either a heavy export d'uty
or a total prohibition of export. With
a constantly increasing demand and a
limited supply of coal in Europe, the
find Us level, has tbe same effect as the
air in higher altitudes. It will mummify if anything, but I will guarantee
that fruit packed under my direction
can be shipped to any port and arrive
there in good cond'itlon."
The Ontario Government, it is understood, is backing the scheme, and In
this case will bear the expense of the
equipment of the steamer.
Some of the young women who work
on the second storey of a factory on
King Street West, Toronto, had an experience the other morning, which they
will not soon forget. They were seated
comfortably at their work, thinking
only of the number of ���pieces they could
manufacture beforn the lunci call come.
Without any previous announcement,
and without even awaiting an Introduction, a cow stepped In through the door,
and pandemonium reigned. In order
to call on then the animal was cfbll^refl.
to climb a steep set of stairs, This
did not trouble her at all. Once uu,
however, it was a problem how she waa
to get down. Cows make a very poor
fist of a trip downstairs. Tills cow refused to show its inability and so decided not to go down. It was with difficulty that the young ladles could b��
persuaded to remain "at home" and receive Mrs. Cow with proper dignity.
Most of them wanted to jump out of the
windows. History does not relate how
the visitor finally took leave.
! The Customs receipts at the Port of
���Montreal show a decrease for August
as compared with the corresponding
���month of last year of J78.909.65. Tha
fol'lowilnig are the amounts collected
during the months of August, 1899-1900:
1899     $902,948.64
1900       S24.030.99
try, will adopt eo one-sided an arrangement." The small share of Britain's
foreign trade tha*came from the Colonies, and the certainty that the British working classes would object, were
mentioned as the grounds of this opinion.
The third .plan, whioh Mr. Chamberlain thought was that to be submitted
by the Toronto Board of Trade resolution, wae 'the creation of a British zoll-
verein, which would establish at once
practically free trade throughout the
British Empire. Mr. Chamberlain
looked upon this as the only plan that
could possibly be considered by the
British people. He thought it necessary that the Colonies should yield to
the extent of a free interchange of
commodities with the rest of the Empire. Such a step would be the greatest advance for free trade since It was
first advocated. Such was the principle of the German zollvereln and of the
federation of the United States.
Mr. Chamberlain concluded by saying capital is being kept well In "hand. The
that if the Colonies were prepared for  r��om[nion Minister of Agriculture has
the Atlantic Coast of America are the
nearest and practically the only regions
where such supplies may be obtained,
and already large shipments are being
made from the United States. The
coal mines of Nova Scotia, located directly on the seaboard and In most cases
loading their produce directly from the
mine into the steamships, have a decided1 advantage over those of the United
States with their long haul by rail or
boat to the seaports; to this must be
added the advantage of being neariy
1,000 infles nearer to the European market, while Canadian coal Is fully equal
to that of the United States for steam
purposes. If, with these advantages,
and a ready and increasing market, a
large coal export trade does not spring
up in Nova Scotia, It wilt be due to lack
of enterprise or other causes among the
Canadian coal magnates and not to the
hope and wish of the Continental consumer.
The smallpox epidemic at the Yukon
such a step, the proposition that the
British Government appoint a convmis-
received a letter from Dr. Montizam-
bert, Dominion.Health Officer, who was
slon might be considered, but on no  sent  to Dawson to examine Into the
other basis.
Mr. E. B. Osier, M. P., later moved
health regulation* there, particularly
with reference to the outbreajt. The
letter Is dated Dawson, August 10th,
the resolution of the Toronto Board of and says: "The late smallpox outbreak
Trade which was subsequently with- here has been very well handled by Mr.
drawn. In moving the resolution, Mr. Ogilvie and his officer*, and there has
Osier said: "I think we are recognising not been a fresh case outside of the iso-
more and more the feeling that if we lation eamp since the 20th of July. The
are to obtain an interchange of com- diseose was introduced by a man from
merce between the Colonies and the Seattle, who came down the river, not
Mother Country, the Colonies must, to from Nome."
some extent, make concessions,    ���    *
In Canada we believe that certain Con-
cesslcns must be made If we arei to get returning members of
confederation, and ��.    ..��� .   ���* _.    mon nmny
Reports   have  got  abroad   of  corn-
England to join in a
I think that as Canadians we are will
Ins to make tho.-e concessions.     We
believe tt will be for our own interests
and for the interests of the Empire that
we should do so.    I thoroughly agree
with all that Mr. Chamberlain has Bald.
that it is imnonlblAtw'�� to have, in C0ntingent8 does not include the Strath-
the meantime. Great Britain Imposing  _._*
Strathcona's Horse. The men promise
to have much more to say when they
arrive at their homes In Manitoba, but
complain now of delay tn Quebec and
of the small sum given them to cover
their expenses to their homes. It appears that the fund voted for Canadi
a duty upon food products.'
Such was the statement of the member for West Toronto as It appears In
Judge MacTavlsh gave judgment in
the official report. Mr. Osier said, aa an interesting case tlie other day In the
representing Canadian opinion, that "In Division Court at Ottawa Dr. Gonvll
Canada we believe that certain conoes- sued H. Ackland for $15 for professions must be made If we are to get sional services rendered the defendant,
England to Join in a confederation, and who had his arm broken while praotis-
I think that as Canadians we are will- ing with the Ottawa Football Olub. Dr.
Ing to make those concessions." Mr. Cornell was a member of the Football
Oslor. as a member of the House of Executive. In his evidence, Mr. Aok-
Commons, is recorded as voting against land said that he understood the doc-
the resolution in favor of our preferen- tor's services were given gratis, a pro
tlal tariff.
The Island of Trinidad is sending exhibits to the Fair at Halllfax, aud haa
Issued a circular showing the trade of
the Island and the proportion hod with
Canada. Some of the figures are as
Total foreign trade, ��5,108,000,
Population. 2W.819.
Trade per heal, ��19.
Trade with Canada, ��88,163.
ceedlng which, he said, was customary
with Club .physicians. Mr. L. Bate, .if
the Ottawa Football Executive, said
that the doctor had been furnished with
transportation to Toronto and Hamilton at the Club's expense, Judge Mac-
Tavish said he did not see any evidence tending to show an understanding
between the Club ami the doctor as to
his services.
The    steamship    Manchester-Trader,
Decrease, 1900    $78,909.65
��� It Is said that the beet evidence of
the improvement Un tlhe harvest pros-
peots in the North West is the demand
of the farmers for more ibindier-tnvlne.
They find 'that the supply they had
thougtht would be enough Is quite Insufficient for the purpose. There ought
to be on an average 15 (bushels to the
acre, rather more than half tlhe ordinary crop. This ehould Ibring in a
fair 'return, especially as ithe grain is
of first-class quality. The weather
has so far 'been very propitious for
harvesting; and there does not eetstn
much difficulty In getting labor.
Some anxiety Is felt in labor circles
at 'the competition    of   the  GalLaians
and Doukhobors and other immigrants.
Naturally enough,  in  their  ignorance
of the conditions of 'the country and
' their   anxiety to make a living, they
[avill take wages at a lower rate than
the OaradJlan laborer.    It is very Ira-
I proibafbte ittoat they will ibe as efficient
���and 'hey will  probably    nut be as
cheap tn 'the Ions run���tout the immediate effect is to reduce the earnings
of   others tbelow   their    fair    market
The Montreal civic authorities have'
come to the conclusion that with little
or no outlay, and by proper management, the ordinary garbage collected
nightly from old ash barrels, to be
dumped Into the civic Incinerator,
would yield a revenue of thousands
of dollars 'to the city. This Information has 'been (brought to Uhe notice
of the Incineration Committee by Alderman Gallery. The method Is very
simple, so 'much so, In if apt. that the
Corporation 'would only need 'to charge
for what it now gives away, and reap
the 'benefit. At both incinerators, ai
multitude of women, iboys and girls
gather every day to pick over the ruib-
bish wihich Is gathered from all quarters of the city. At first sight thte
does not seem to be much, but Victor
Dubreull, iforeman of the western incinerator, Un St. Gabriel's Ward, put a,
now Hghtt upon tiie matter, and fromt
t'he calculation he gave, whioh was a
low one. Alderman Gallery ipolnted out
that the oity ought to receive for this
scraip material an income of from $5,000
to $10,000. When he urged that ten-
dors ought to be requested -for tihe fore-
mentioned privilege of sorting (he rags,
bottles, and the like, a smile played
around t'he lip? of the Committee, but
the argiument was serious, and it twos
clinched Iby the statement that the
OJ'ty of New York derived the sum of
$1)11.000 yearly -from the contractor who
; bought this same privilege, The mat-
\ ber seemed feasible enough, and u waa
i the general! opinion that 'if a few thousand dollars imore could (be put Into
; the treasury thereby, it iw;is worthy
: of attention.
Trade with Canada, per cent, of total,  which sailed from Montreal on Septem-
1.7 percent. &er lttt> hod among her cargo a carload
Imports from Exports to  of fruit from Grimsby that is being sent
Canada.      Canada,    to Manchester as an experiment, and
1097 ,.   .,��60,660       ��13,726   Whioh, if successful',  will mean one of
-gag  ,"..','.   73^053 21,645  the greatest and most substantial boons
lgg9 **]]   82,620 25^533   to   the  growers  of applies,   pears  and
 ," " '*, "    .'.',.   ,     ���nnt   peaches In the Southern part of Ontur-
It is stated on this point that a part ��
(unknown) of Canadian trade passes ^ ^ wm hmugYlt t0 Montreai
through and is credited to the Unit d |n & ^ ^ equ!pped ,by the G|Und
States. Canadas chief ��P��t�� *> ���e Trunk Railway Company with Mr. Han-
island appear to be flour, fish, and lum- automatic refrigera-
ber. which might be largely increased and ^^ (n ft ^^ Qf
if the island would accept our standing ^ compartments arranged be-
ofler of nclprodt9iJWW **f* ttotaf deckg h ftteamer Here a
treaty with the United States has fall- cold ^^ ^m ^ beon ingtaHed
en through. | on entirely new lines. The fruit is
THE CALL FOR COAL.              not frozen, but Instead, U kept at a
It Is said that a surprising number of temperature between 45 and 50 degrees,
enquiries, relating to Canadian coal, the constant circulation of pure air
are made daily at the Canadian miner- carrying off the gases, odors and mois-
al exhibit at Paris, by coal merchants, ture which the fruits throw off when
railway men and large manufacturers confined In packages. This alone, Mr.
from Prance, Germany, Russia, Aus- Hanrahan claims, wl!H keep the fruit
tria, Italy, Belgium and other parts of for an Indefinite period without the
Europe. All are desirous of obtaining least danger of putrefaction, whioh is
coal from Canada, and many, having so otnvmon in fruits sent a great dis-
no knowledge of the country, are sur- tance after it has ripened naturally,
prised at the extent of her Atlantic "The fruit will not decay," Mr. Han-
coalflelds, the excellence of the coal, rahan says. "The constant circulatdon
Its easy shipment and Its comparative of air, which, In this case is handled on
nearness to the European market, and the frlnclple that water will always
|    The Council of the British Empire
League, al  a recent    meeting,    after
j considering the reference to this mut-
1 ter made by the President, the nuke of
Devonshire, in his speech at the annual
: meeting of the League, as well as the
proposal   announced   by   Mr.   Seddon,
i the  Premier of  New  Zealand,   resolv-
' ed    that,    pursuant  to  the  resolution
j adopted by the Council of the League
��� on  the 8th of November    last,    steps
should now be taken for the formation
of a special Committee, including ox-
pert  members,  to consider  this subject.    It  was also resolved   that Her
Majesty's Government should be urged to arrange for an early conference
of the Imperial naval and military authorities   with   representatives   in   the
; Colonies, with a view to laying down
j the general principles and in due course
; working out the details of an efficient
' organisation ot the forces of the Empire.   Tho Executive   Committee   was
instructed to invite a limited number
of members  possessing special qualifications to join the proposed Special
Committee.    The    following    telegram
has since been sent   to   Mr.  Seddon:
, "Premier, New Zealand.���British Empire League adopted   resolution   welcoming your proposals united military
system will gladly assist.���Devonshire."
���London "Canadian Gazette." Lardeau Eagle.
Published every Wednesday morning at the
office of publicat!on> Ferguson, B 0.,by
Advertising Rates: Display ads., |E,60 per
column Inch per month. Legal ada. 12 eentB
per (nonparielj Una for first Insertion ; Sconts
for each additional Insertion. Reading notices
16 ceuts per line each issue. No ads. accepted
at loss thHn full rates.
Bubsortption Rates: Bv mail or carrier. 12.00
pel annum ; #1.00 for six months. To foreign
addresses 93.60,  Stoppod at expiration.
lob Printing! The Eagle job department is
woll equipped, and is prepared to execute all
kinds ol printing at honest prices.
gjp*No chequos accepted,
Address all coramunleations to tlio
A find such as tha Triune mine in
the Roftslancl or Boundury camp would
cause a stampede within a week. But
because it is so unfortunate as to be in
the Lardeau not a whiBper is heard
abroad. Every bouI in this district
should take a day oft; hunt up the
"jonah" in this portion of. tho hemisphere and court-martial and kill him
or it off on the spot.
There appears to be a "literary
factory" operated in tho interests of
the Liberal party, established at some
convenient point in Canada. Every
Grit newspaper in the country,
strangely enough, has a batch of
editorial (?) rot, all the same, only
different. If the electors can't tumble
to the nigger in the fence they are a
slow lot, for the Liberal machine is
coarse indeed.
tfthe Lardeau and Trout Lake mining divisions were ju*t on the other
side of the north pnle half of the
continent would be breaking their
nocks to got there, if they had to face
death In four languages. The Lardoau
is unfortunate in being so acccssiblo.
To easy to find mineral wealth hero.
No White Pass, no fiO below zero, no
plague stricken sand shores, too much
vegetation and altogether too easy to
get to.
Nn candidate running under tbe
auspices of the Liberal party ns we
Dnd It at Ottawa to-day could command
tbe confidence of the people. Laurier,
Tarte, Siftnn & Co. have violated every
principle, repudiated every pledge anJ
broken every promise on which thoy
were elected, and their four years'
administration lias been one wild
saturnalia of robbery, corruption and
general all-round rottenness from start
to finish.���Paystl'eak.
It is tbe Eagle's painful duty to
admit, tbat, there is to be nn railway
for the distriot. this season. President
Sbaugbnossy has proved himself to bo
a prevaricator. And the unfortunate
individuals who havo hanked thoir
work, money and confidence in tho
Lardeau upon his word will havo to
wait for another year at least, before
their hopes are realized. Tbe "wi
ing" doesn't make, so much difference
ns tho chances of becoming too closely
acquainted with the sheriff in the
Tn sizo the whole situation up It
amounts tn this: The Tories are out,
The Liberals aro in. TheTorics want
the Liberals thrown out. so that they
can do what, the Liberals are doing.
The Liberals want to bo retained so
that- thoy can do what tho Tories would
doifolected. In brief, you havo your
chnlce between a party in power that
will do nothing and a party in opposition that will promise nothing. ThlB,
together with a few appealB to
prejudice, constitute the sum and
Bubfltanoe of political issues before the
people to-day.���Sandon Payatreak.
Tbe working claBS must get rid of
the whole brood of masterB and exploiters, and put themselves in
possession and control of the means of
production, that they may have steady
employment without consulting a
capitalist employer, large or Bmal]
and that tbey may get the wealth their
labor produces, every bit of it, and
enjoy with their families tbe fruits of
their industry io comfortable and
happy homes, abundant, am' wholesome
food, proper clothing and all other
things necessary to "life, liberty and
the pursuit of happiness." It is there-
fore a question, not of "reform." the
mask of fraud, but of revolution. The
capitalist, system must be overthrown,
class-rule abolished and wage-slavery
supplanted by co-ope rat ivo industry.
Pin your faith to the Lardeau.
Canada should own the C. P. R.
There is but one way to relieve
poverty and to free labor, and that is
by making common property of tho
tools of labor.
The Revelstoke Herald says western
ConBorvatism means progressive
legislation, along government ownership lines, or in other words "having a
socialistic tendency." Will the Herald
kindly produce iho Conservative's
platform which says so?
The best thing we can do now in
this district is to just go on as if there
was no such a thing as minted money.
Never mind relying on capital; its too
slow and trying. Lets get in and work
the "Triune" remedy on a few more
Needless is it for the Eaole to say
to the thinking working man that he
has no choice between the two capitalist parties, that they are both pledged
to the same system and that whether
the one or the other succeeds, be will
still remain the wage-working slave he
is to-day.
Action should be taken immediately
by every labor union in the Kootenay.
The time is short. The campaign is
already on in every other part of
Canada, and the announcement of the
date of election is due almost any day.
A convention should be called in the
immediate future and a candidate who
can command the respect of the electors placed in the field. There should
be no uncertainty of purposo and no
procrastination. Tho workingmen of
this great constituency need but to
name their candidate now and the
light is theirs. But they must act in
tho immediate present. Onco permit
tho professional politicians to get a
lead in the field and they will divide
tho attention of the voters with their
timeworn appeals to prejudice and
their hackneyed bias of partyism and
the golden opportunity ol organizing a
solid labor party in tbe Kootonay will
be gone beyond recall.���Industrial
Do nut bo annoyed if tit ilm oxpirntlon of
your subscription liieJSaglo ceasea 10 liy your
way. Duo notice will be son! you and if there
\x no response your mitiic will becutoff. Il
saves us time and money, mul "business is
latters of North America
of tlie United liiu-
hTs of North Am.
erica. When you
are buying 11 ITU
HAT, either soft
miff, <<:e to tl that
thegenolne UNION
LAHKL if (.owed :��
if. If a retailer Im?
loose labels in lib
csskni and off.
era to put one in n
lint for you, do not
patronize him. He
hiiH not nnv right to have loose labels. l<oose
labels ln retail BtoroB aro counterfoils, no run
listen to any explanation an to Why the n.it has
no label. The Genuine Union Labol is potior-
nlod on the four edges exactly tliu silme an n
postage stamp. I'outerfeits ure HOWetltUOa
perforated on throe of tho edges, and sometimes
(inly on two. Keep A sharp lookoutfor the
counterfeits, rnprineipled manufacturers ure
using thorn in order to got rid of thoir pcab-
rnodo bats. 'Die John B, Stetson Co. nnd Henry
U. Koelofs, both of Philadelphia, IV.., are nonunion concerns.
JOHN A. MOFKITT, President, Orange, X. J.
JOHN' PHILLIPS, Bccretary,477 Park Aye.,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
When you want a Cool
Refreshing Drink
Enterprise Beer
All Lardeau's leading hotels handle It,
Manufactured by the
Enterprise It re whiff Co.,
Kevelstoke, B. 0
and Freighting
Business For Sale
Three stages and ten head of borsof,
with mall contract in connection.
Fifteen head of saddle horses with
Twenty head of freight horses with
Ave freight wagons; ore sleighs
and all nco-ssacy rigging, extra
stables at Thomson's Landing.
Trout Lako City and Ferguson.
Will sell any pari of tlio above to suit purchaser.
For particulars, write
Craig �� Hillman,
Smoke Cigars
And at all times insist on the
box bearing the dlue label.
It helps manufacturers to see the force
of payiDg fair and honest wages.
The Label Committee, C. M. I. U.
by the
Kootenay Cigar MTg Co.;
gafSee that the BLUE   LABEL is on
each box.
The Union Label
On everything you buy is a guarantee
that the producers thereof receive a fair
rate of wages for its production.
Insist on having the label.
��        SMOKE        I
CIGARS       f
ua that this Labol is on all Clothing you buy.
Ferguson Packing
and Transfer Outfit
Contracts entered Into for packing of
Mining Supplies, etc., to any point
in the district.
Good, prompt service, and any work
undertaken guaranteed.
Freighting from Thomson's -Landing
to Fergueon a specialty.
S. DANEY, Proprietor
Wholesale Markets_
Rossland, Nelson, Sandon, Grand
Forks, Revelstoke, Greenwood
Retail Markets	
Rossland, Trail, Nelson, Ymir,
Kaslo, Sandon, New Denver,
Sllverton, Cascade City, Grand
Forks,- Greenwood, Phoonlx,
Midway, Camp McKinney, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Ferguson.
Manager Ferguson Branch.
Hotel ���.
Abrahamson Bros., Proprietors.
V verytbinjr new aud up to date.
Pire proof safe.
Finest Wines, Liquors anil Cigars.
Mining men's headquarters.
Cheerful dining room ; A 1 service.
..Hotel Lardeau..
/. Laughton, Proprietor.
Ferguson, IC.
Hotel Perguson
m    0  The Bar is supplied with the best brands of;
MS Ah Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
flF   W Headquarters for Mining and Commercial
f*    A Men,   Tender feel comforted.
lEsiifH 83.00 ii day mid upwards.
Ferguson Bros., Proprietor.'
Canadian Pacific
Fast Daily Service between Atlantic and
Improved Connecting Service to ond from
Kootonay country,
First Class Sleeper on all trains from
Arrowhead and Kootenay Landing.
Tourist Cars pass Revelstoke, daily for St.
Paul, Fridays for Montreal and Boston, Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto. Same ears
pass Medicine Hat one day later.
Dally Train lo and from Revelstoko and
main lino
19.4ft lv ARROWHEAD arr 0.25
Dally Steamer, connecting for Kootenay
points and Crows Nest Lino
5.46 lv ARROWHEAD arr 10.85
For rates, ticksttt and   full Information
apply to
J, McCREEKY, Agent Arrowhead.
T. W. BHADSHAW, Agt. Rovelstoke.
Or to	
IV, P. ANDERSON, T. I*. A., Nelson, B.C.
!���;. J. COYIiB, Asst. Pass. Agt., Vancouver, B, C.
Stationery is in our line
And wo have Just received a fine block
of Letter Pudn.   Patronize
"The Eagle."
Por People Who-
It's a Pleasure
I to have
Your Printing*
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The Lardeau Eagle, i
Ferguson, B. C.f
Dte'; Eagle" bos the following list of books
for sale:
Caesar's Column, (Donnely) 2fic.
Tho American Peasant, (Tibbies) stfie,
Tun Men of Money Inland, (Norton! 2Pc,
A Tramp iu society, iCow.dreri 20c,
Better Bays, (KitehJ Ufo
An Ideal Republic, [Phelpsi fiOo.
Christ the Soeiriiist 7,1c.
v niericaii People's Money., [Donnelly] (Wo.
The Littlo Statesman,[Armslr-ngi 28i*. ���
Ciovernmeut Ownership of Railroads.......       |
by F.G. R.Gordon  lffr,!
Poems for the People, W.F. Phelps ...Tic.
In Hell and the Way Out, by II, E. Allen. ,.itto,
One Wav to co-operative Common wealth,, HK
I.nw, Lubor and Liberty, by M V, Tlehfl lOn,
The Concentration of Iveullh.E, Irving.., .Joe,
A Pure Democracy, by U. >4. Ti-.oinppmi !Wl��.
Hired U*ahilnllun, by J. W.Sulllvtiii  100.
Municipal Lnt'laltem, hi P. O. B. Moi'tai.. IW��,
\ KewfhlrtMAunnl Trust" I'"'.
lli.vd Tlmas, cud."' nnd cue, l'y tfnrdtin..,,t(ii,��
Tin-Sew and His Money Law* b>.
Mcrrlo Euglwult by Robert Jllaiclifonl iMc
TJiesinriMrfHvnft'Uturdilp ;..'. .v.-.
1,'ii.Hivr IbieVw.ird, by Edward IVlnmv , ,'lAc,
slwlook'H DHUglftor, by Marg'iM H. Rtti'H.WD.
,\ fiiiunhtf>rtif fluniunltv, bv E, M Mpilih Bfiu,
An Appeal for (tic Blind, by W, a. RateliHeJiH.1.
Ptoportiuua) Iteprcseiitat.oa  Ipe.
Trade Marks
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r Boenrinapatents
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Patents taken i
Scientific JUncrican.
A handsomclr illnstrated weekly. Lartrest dr-
dilution of any scientific Journal, Terms, $9 a
..rear: four months, II. Sold by all newsdealers,
** I��
At the 1898 session of the Dominion
Trades of Labor congress held in
Winnipeg, the following platform was
adopted. Wo would especially commend it to the consideration of the
workers of British Columbia at the
present time:
1. Free compulsory education.
2. Legal working day ot eight hourB
and six days a week.
3. Government inspection of all industries.
4. The abolition of the contract system on all public works.
5. A minimum living wage, based
on local conditions.
6. Public ownership of all fran-
chises, such as railways, telegraphs,
waterworks, lighting, etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation on industry and increasing it on
land values.
8. Abolition of the Dominion senate.
9. Exclusion of Chinese.
10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, ou all
government supplies.
11. Abolition of child labor by
children under 14 years of age; and of
female labor in all branches of industrial life, suoh as mines, workshops,
factories, etc.
12. Abolition of property qualification for all public offices.
13. Compulsory arbitration of labor
14. Proportional representation and
the cumulative vote.
15. Prohibition of prison labor in
competition with free labor.
Time Table   No. 51
Taking Effect, June 16th.
Monday, at 7 o'clock a. ni. Regular freight
steamer will leave Victoria at midnight on
Tuesday and Thursday aud Vancouver at midnight on Wednesday and Friday.
on arrival of C. P. Railway No. 1 train. Regular freight steamers will leave Victoria at 11
p, m. on Tuesday and Thursday and Vancouver
at 12 p. m. on Wednesday and Friday.
HTKR, Ladner, Lulu and Islands, Monday,
Wednesday and Friday at 7 a. m.
LEAVE NEW WESTMINSTER FOR VICTORIA and way ports���Tuesday, Thursday aud
Saturday at 7 o'clock a. m.
Steamer Beiver .leaves NEW WESTMINSTER
for Chilliwack aud way landings, Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday at�� a. m��� connecting
at Mission City witb C. P, R. from Vancouver.
Returning leaves chilliwack for New West
minBter, WednoBday, Friday and Sunday al 7
a. m., connecting with boat tor Victoria.
Steamships of this Company leave from
Evans, Coleman & Evans' wharf, Vancouver,
for Naas and Intermediate ports, every Monday
at 2 p, m.
Steamships of this Coin jinny loavu from
Evans, Coleman & Evans' wharf, weekly for
Wrangel and sicagway.
Steamers leave Victoria for Alberni, Ahousot
and way ports on i>t( 7th, 1-ttli and 20th of each
month ; extending biter nips to quatsino nnd
Cape Scott Tim company reserves the right
of changing this Time Table at any time without notification.
General Freight Agent.
\ 0. S. BAXTER,
Passenger Agent.
Editor:   N.O. FANNING.
Associate:  John Emory McLean.
This famous magazine is now published ln
New York.
It 1b nn absolutely free and independent
journal of the lirst class, presenting both sides
of tbo leading questions of the day from tho
pons of the best writers.
Progressive and vigorous, yet scholarly and
high toni'd. it should bo read by every one
desirous of obtaining up-to-date Information
It is indispensable to every advanced mind.
an Cents n Copy.
*!4.flO a Year.
At all newstanils,\ir post-paid by tho publishers ���
'.ifftfi AKI5NA COMPANY,
"Llfo" Bldg.,  NJSW ��ORK, N. I.       '
The Lardeau District
A Dozen Shippers This Winter
" With the advent of a railway over One
Hundred properties within a radius of ten
miles of Ferguson could become shippers
in three months' time."
Ferguson is the Hub
Ferguson is the supply point
il DEOi
of the Lardo=Duncan country.
Ferguson is the Payroll
... Centre...
Come Straight to Ferguson
The Rossland*Nelson of the Lardeau. 1
Come and see the town and district for yourself.
���* '   .���        ��� ���             -��..,.               ,_      .                          ..   ���
They will stand investigation.    BUY NOW.
And Statesmen of Eastern   Canada
Wine and Dine Together.-Informal Discussion of Canada's
Trade Progress.
A gmxl deftl was sent over 'the wires
albout uhe deliberations at the meeting
��r Canadian 'manufacturers ut Toronto. While the "business session itself
was Interesting enough, 'the banquet in
the evening wns none 'the less so, as
nmny Interedoing speeches were made,
The (banquet was given In fthe Aesem-
lily Hull nf the Temple Building, and
was attended iby fully 200 prominent
Canadian ibusiness men. Mr. P, W.
IflllM, tihe newly-elected President of
���the Association, ooouipled the dhatr.
On his right ��at Hon. G- W. Row, Premier of On'tanio, and on his Jeft Hon.
William Pa'terson, Minister of Cus-
tamfl. Others at the dfokif taible were:
Messrs. Andrew Smith, V.S., "W. F.
Maclean, 'M.P-, A. E. Ames, Byron E.
JWalker. W, E. H. Massey, Colonel Dr.
Ryerson, J. P. Ellis, and John Bertram,
Dundee, Cyrus A. Birge, Hamiilton, and
otiher prominent business men.
After tlhe viands had been disposed
of, the letters of regret were read-
That from Sir Charles Tupper received
it moat enthusla-sbio reception, salvo
�����fter salvo of applause following it.
Other regrets were received Ifrom Sir
"Wilfrid Laurier, Hon. G. E. Poster,
Won. Hugh John Macdonald. Sir William Van Home, and Mr, C. M. Hays-
IMr. J. F. Ellle proposed the toast erf
coupling therewiUb the names of Hon.
���G. W. Ross and Dr. Ryerson.
Hon. G. W. Ross- was greeted with
���Jheeraa. He began iwtth a Jocular remark albout facing fearful odds. He
expressed his pleasure at the reception
which had been accorded to the toast.
Oanadia ,\vas proud1 af her relations to
the Empire, and Jf .he (might Judge
:fmm the experience of the last few-
months Che Empire waa not ashamd
<tf Canada. (Applause.) Every reader
of history would admit that Canada
3*ad taugiht England how to form a
colony and how to govern a colony.
T.he great Colonial Empire of Canada
to-day was strong, united, and powerful, 'because of the lessons that Canada
*ad taug>ht in 'matters of constitutional
government. The great lesson tihat
*he had taught iwas that of the concession of self-government, and this
���Jiad ���certainly been conceded in fullest
aneasure. "Daughter we are in our
���nother's 'house, but mistress in our
sawn." (Cheers.) The example of
Canada had Ibaen 'followed by the Australian Commnnwealuh, with the result that In tooth these groat dependencies tihe "people Wars. hH loyal and
contented British subjects, He rejojceil
to know that iln tihe 'Mother i<��nd 'the��n
*ftCts had strenbw.ened the feeling C J
confidence in Canada, and of hopefulness ifor the ifuture of British T)Of<-
Besslons in North America. In 1S12,
Canadians had preserved this country
to the Empire, mainly by their own
Integrity of purpose and their *>wn
loyalty. Canadians had preserved un-
sulked  the
Jn this land, and lhad sent help to distant parts of the Empire which were
in danger, (lApplause.) Only on these
principles could the Colonial relationship 'be maintained and the great Colonial Empire be strengthened In Influence and power. In commercial affairs
Canadians. !n dealing with their own
business, should study their own Interests, and should exercise their
power in commercial matters in friendly relation to the Empire. No Canadian would 'willingly Interfere with
the commercial prosperity of 'tlhe Empire, and Canadians must always remember that Englislh Interests also
deserved consideration. True loyalty
required that much. (Applause.)
"Whenever it wns convenient -for Canada to help the Mother Land, it was
tier duty to do so, feeling sure that
She iwoultd reciprocate that spirit of
helpfulness. Mr. Ross then referred
to the loan to the Intercolonial Railway and One establishing of penny
postage a�� cases in which England had
ahown a spirit of goodiwill. England
toad made concessions to Canada In
matters of trade, and undoubtedly
���would do th��- same to the other colonies. It would Ibe iwell to consider whether Cuna'dlan trade should not be
directed as largely aa iposslble towards tihe British Empire. (Cheers.)
Canada now supplied only seven per
cent, of the foodstuffs used in Groat
Britain, but If iher countless acres were
timed, 3he could unquestionably supply much more.
The iflrst duty that lay at the door
cf the Ontario ami Dominion Governments was to promote the education
nf the agricultural classes, eo as to
enable them to appreciate the great
and teach them how to conquer it. But
at "Uhe same time there was room in
the British market -for a large quantity af Canadian manufactured goods.
(Applause.) It waa Impossible to make
a great country If only the agricultural
Side 'were considered. Canadians
were really Just beginning to find out
the resources of their own country.
He was sure that he saw before thlm
sufficient energy to 'make tine productive force of CanaJda a hundred times
greater wHIhln the next 25 years. The
xaw materials of the country should
t>e made up iby the skilled industry
uf tits own ipeople. Thus a larger
profit would "be secured. When he
*hought of 'tihe subject of technical
education, he almost regretted that tie
fcad abandoned the position of Minister of Education, perplexing though It
%vas, Ibecause he toad thought*'out a
plan for putting in force a system that
would place In the workshops of the
country a class of skilled workmen
whose wares would win the confidence
of consumers the world over. No na<-
tion could be great in t)he world unless
It found employment at home for its
own people���not 'tlhat he meant to say
that he would employ everybody who
asked for a place from the Ontario
Government- (Laughter.) A nation
that did not look alfter the comfort of
its own people forgot Its primary duty.
Within the next 20 years there sbould
be five millions of people between Winnipeg and Calgary. Canada wae one
of tbe choicest of lands, and her eons
should make her the most progressive
OS the nations of tihe earth.
Colonel Ryerson, IM.D., lately Red
Cross Commissioner in South Africa,
also replied, very briefly to the toast
nf "Canada and the Empire." He said
Canadians were prouder than they
even iwere before, 'because their country had played Its part in the affairs
of the Empire. It was well-known
and there was opening up for Canada
the trade of all the Empire. Especially in- South Africa was there room
for development. There they had gold
and diamonds. Ibut no manufactures,
nor did he think they ever would have.
There would, therefore, be a great
maitket for Canadian goods In South
iMr. D. W. Earn, of Woodstock, in
proposing "Canada's Foreign Trade,"
said that many more manufactures
could 'be sent aibroad. In raw material, mechanical skill, and machinery, Canada was second to none in the
Hon. William Peterson, Minister of
Customs, said that It was, und sliould
be, the dbjeot of all Canadians to help
in building up Canada. The trade of
this country had grown immensely
wi'thin recent years. He could not
give 'tlhe figures as to domestic trade
at the present time, ibecause what progress had been made in that direction
could 'be ascertained only by the decennial census, but the increase had
certainly 'been great, and it [was a
trade which enriched as It flowed. (Applause.) But the ^figures for foreign
trade 'Were available, and the progress
which the country had made could be
measured. The year before last was,
up to that time, the largest Un the history of Canada, but 'last year 'had surpassed It by fifty millions, and for the
year endinig June 30th, 1900, the foreign
trade had amounted to $370,000,000.
Canada last year did two dollars of
foreign trade for every dollar that was
done, in proportion to population, by
the United State. (Cheers.) Twenty
years ago the exports of manufactured goods were three millions. In the
next five years they grew to five millions, then to six and eight, or nearly
nine, but last year they had advanced
to eighteen millions. The progress
had (been steady, and certainly substantial. 'Mr. Paterson' also referred
to the Government's action in strengthening the Statistical Department at
Ottawa, so tlhat trade returns would be
��val1atel8 much earlier than had fotth-
l-rto keen the rase. He thought that
this would be
to manufacturers. He further referred to the high positions which many
Canadians occupied in foreign lands,
and declared that in future they were
going to 'have a fair chance at home-
Mr. B. E. Walker, of the Canadian
Bank of Commerce, hoped he would
be allowed to speak on this occasion
not as a banker, but as a Canadian.
In the overwhelming majority of the
human race there was a dislike of progress. That was a startling fact to a
people who had accepted the idea that
progress was the (rreat object of life.
Men should be measured by their mental and physical energy. One energetic
mind might be worth a million men
who were naturally inert. To a man
desiring progress it was a pleasure to
live in a land whose history was very
largely In prospect. Canada was for
practical purposes not r>0 years old. In
1S00 she was a fur-bearing country
and nothing more. By 1840 she had heroine something as an exporter of timber. In the last year two of the customers of his bank had soid a million
sterling of exchange for export. This
showed the progress that had been
made ln the last half-century. It was
difficult to make Englishmen believe
the truth about this country, and this
was really not surprising when it was
remembered that only within the last
few years had Canada begun to believe
In herself. Trade could not be got
easily where Canadian goods were not
better than those of another country.
Trade existed because the vital conditions were right, and legislation could
not greatly affect it. Canadians had
no right to expect that so difficult a
thing as a foreign trude could be biillt
up rapidly, but the necessary conditions were gradually being acquired.
They all knew the man who didn't
finish his goods for South Africa quite
as we.ll as those for Hamilton,
(Laughter.)   Such men were
Every individual instance of that kind
\of thing did more harm than a hundred instances of well-doing. Trade
didn't follow the flag, but the trade
of a good many nations besides England followed the British flag. That
flag was Canada's in exactly the sense
meant when It was said that "Trade
follows the flag." Canadians would
occupy this splendid heritage of theirs
just in proportion as they made use
of the opportunities that nation had
given them.
Mr. W. E. H. Massey expressed his
approbation of the sentiment that the
nation which manufactured for Itself
prospers. Our factories were growing
larger and better every day, and If
the statements he had made were true,
how much more was it true that the
nation which manufactured for other
nations as well as itself prospered.
He called his hearers' attention to the
Increase In foreign trade. He believed that the Canadian mechanic was the
most industrious and the most intelligent in the world. Foreign shipping
facilities were not what they should
be; there was no reason why Canadian
products should not be shipped from
Canadian ports and carried in Canadian ships. If some arrangement
were not made with France recent treaties with that nation would
rob Canada of a valuable trade, and
a similar state of affairs was already
threatened with regard to Germany.
He urged the Canadian manufacturer
not to attempt to deceive the foreign
buyer with inferior goods. Canada
was never so well and favorably
known to the world as It was to-day,
and with wise administration he
thought its trade would double In the
next five years, as It had ln the past
five yeans.
Mr. Sohneber, speaking
dealt with trade questions also. He
pointed out that New Zealand, with
800,000 Inhabitants, had exported 11
million pounds sterling of goods last
year. Queensland, with 500,000 inhabitants, exported precisely the same
sum In goods. Therefore, he was sure
that the Antipodes were able to pay
for all that they ordered from Canada.
Mr. T. A. Russell, Secretary of the
Association, proposed the toast of "Our
Transportation Agencies," alluding to
the momentous questions ln connection
therewith. He pointed out that the
people had contributed one-quarter of
the cost of the railways in Canada, yet
had not a voice in the fixing of rates.
Mr. W. F. Maclean, M. P., ln response, said he was a believer ln Government ownership of railways. The
railway should ever have been regarded as the Queen's highway just as the
canals and rivers. The railways should
be conducted for the benefit of the
Canadian people, and not for the benefit of foreign ports and foreign shareholders.
Controller Spence proposed "Canadian Manufacturers" In a speech of
welcome to the outside delegates. He
said that the prosperity of Toronto
depended on the prosperity of Canada.
Mr. Ballantyne, of Montreal, In reply,
invited the Association to meet In his
city next year. Messrs. C. A. Birge,
Hamilton; R. Walker, Walkervllle; S.
Coulson, Montreal; and Maclaren, of
the Ogilvie mills, Toronto, also spoke
to this toast.
'Mr. J. P. Murray proposed the toast
of "Sister Orj;anizations," which was
responded to by Mr. A. E. Ames, for
the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. H. A.
Miles, Montreal Board of Trade, and
Mr. H. L. Rice, of the Millers' Association.
Army at Aldershot an Army Only in
Name.-Removal of Bed-Tape
Cobwebi in War Offloe
The harsh and sweeping crlticlBm
made by Field-Marshal Lord Wolseley
ot the showing at the recent Aldemhot
manoeuvres came as a severe Jar to all
who take a Just pride In "the progress
of British arms. We now know, says
the London correspondent of the Toronto "Globe," what the Commander-
in-Chief thinks of our army and the
military situation at home, lie has
been challenged to give the country
the assurance from his place In the
House of Lords that we are amply
prepared for all contingencies, and
Lord Rosebery remarked that one word
from him would be more satisfying
than a dozen speeches from Ministers.
That word was spoken at the -evlew
at Aldershot, and 11 Is calculated to
make the War Office and the country
feel very uncomfortable. Lord Wolse-
ley's silence ln the House of Lords can
no longer be misunderstood. He preferred to deliver bis criticisms direct
to those In command at the nursery
and training ground of the army; and
he deferred his Inspection In order to
give the staffs an opportunity of showing what they can do. Lord Wolseley
was compelled to admit thut what he
had seen of the movement and management of the troops had not favorably impressed him. "There Is still
an enormous lot to be learned by this
camp." he said. "The task on this
Held day has been beyond the capacity
of both officers and men," he continued. There are 33,000 men at Aider-
shot, but they are an army
Lord Wolseley said It would be Impossible for any general officer to handle
more than a brigade at a time, and the
officers and men are not In a condition
of training to warrant them being sent
abroad as an army corps. They must
have gradual training for some time
before tactical operations on a large
scale con be fairly attempted. "I
hope," said the Commander-in-Chief,
"all regimental officers and brigadiers
will try to teach captains and noncommissioned officers to carry out th��
preliminary work that lei laid down
in our drill-book." He says In effect
that our Army ls> not an- army at all;
that It does not know the rudiments of
its business; and thus the Highest mill,
tary authority ln the country endorses
to the' full, the scathing criticisms
which came from the outside some
months ago. The country should be
as angry and uneasy about this muddling at the War Office as Lord WolBe-
ley himself Is. And wlhen the war is
over and our best men are released
from South Africa, It Is to be hoped
that 3ome strong men -will be found
to put things on a business footing at
Aldershot. This scathing speech of
the Commander-in-Chief will not be
without its Influence on the public
mind when the general election Is upon
us.   The reform of the War Office will
be one of the foremost questions, and
If the Ministerialists neglect It, Liberals will make party capital out of It.
The attack on
will probably gather strength from the
Colonies. The complaints which reach
us from Australia of the treatment of
the Australian contingent ln South Africa are provoking a good deal of comment. The story that Australian Invalided soldiers' were compelled to do
fatigue duty for ten hours a day, and
thai others were shipped from the hospitals to England before they were fit;
that some -were penniless, not having
been paid for months, and that they
were denied conveyance to the wharf
from the hospitals, and ordered to
clear out, is rousing general Indignation. We know it Is not the fault of
Lord Roberts, who on his arrival in
South Africa, commanded the would-
be haughty officers from England to
pay due respect to the Colonials. The
whole, question of the treatment of
Colonials at the front requires immediate and thorough investigation. It
would be a monstrous thing If the gallant fellows who -went to England's
war from Canada and Australia, full
of enthusiasm for the oause of the
Empire, should be allowed to return
home disillusioned and embittered by
the stupid or overbearing conduct of
As the "iDally News" remarked the
otiher day, in a leading article: "The
Government should- even yet add a
Colonial representative to the hospital
commission of enquiry which is proceeding to South 'Africa," for, as the
article concludes, "there Is nothing the
British nation will resent more Implacably than that these splendid
troops who responded so readily to the
Empire's call, should suffer any shadow of injustice, or any hardships not
absolutely Inseparable from a prolonged- campaign."
One radical remedy for the muddling
ln the Army of which Lord Wolseley
complains, and for that snobbish hauteur with which Colonials find fault In
our young officers, is to be found in
opening the military profession still
more to clever practical young men
of the middle class, who will adopt It
as a serious profession. Under existing
conditions, only men of considerable
private means can venture to enter
the military profession. Thus our officers belong to the classes who toil not
���neither do they spin. They have no
Incentive to work hard. They pursue
their professional training In the spirit
of the dilettante, and they look down
upon men who cannot boast their blue
blood, as rank "outsiders." We must
change all that by offering such pay to
the -working officer as will make it possible for men who are not born dandles
to take to the profession.
The Lovely Island Prepared for Boer.
Rebels���Where Arab! Pasha, the
Exiled Egyptian* Spent
His Bays.
Preparations Being Made for Resuming Work.
Pretoria, Sept. 5.���The mines at Johannesburg which are at the producing stage
aro able to start the crushing of ore already developed immediately. Only a moderate number of workers need return, as
the mills can be operated effectively without a full complement. Development work
at those mines will be delayed probably
for three months, but this will not Interfere with the general running ol the
The mines and the machinery are all
In good condition and pumping is .proceeding. It is expected that the mines
with tho most water ln them will be
emptied In three months. One Important
mine has 1,300 feet of water in it. The
mines which are not now at the producing stage will probably have to wait longer for pumping out, as labor wilt meanwhile have to be diverted from the producers for the construction of spurs from
the Rand to the Verecnlglng Railway, and
it is fair to give the producers the first
supply of labor.
Seven thousand Kafirs are now employed on the new railway to Glrouard. It has
been suggested that the various mining
bodies combine to buy ��500,000 worth of
rolling stock with which to run this railway, Mincowners are ndoptlng this plan,
and they intend to place immediate orders for the delivery In June of 300 trucks
and 15 engines. The question of buying
rolling stock is a vital one, for in tho
event of the enemy destroying tho 8,000
trucks and 200 engines which are now
massed at Sllntl���a groat part of which
belongs to the Free State and Colonial
railroads���It would' taken eighteen months
to replace them. This would mean that
halt of the population would be kept from
returning here Indefinitely, It would also
effect the mines, as they could not be
worked fully without supplies and coal,
and it would be Impossible for the population to exist.
The coal consumption on the Rand In
ordinary times Is 115,000 tons a month, It
Is estimated that the white population of
the Rand is now 30,000."Two-thirds of this
number are foreigners, and the natives
number about the same as tn ordinal?
times. About ItO.OOO British are away.
The Imperial Government Is now paying nntlves 30 shillings a month at the
mines against GO shillings a month paid
before the war. it Is suggested that tho
Native Labor Department be reconstructed under Government control, with shelters nnd travelling facilities Under special
Government protection, to induce the Kant
Coast and other natives to return to the
Rand. The appointment of a new civil
government Is strongly desired to enable
the authorities to study and arrange these
important problems, so that there shall
be no unnecessary delay In the return of
the expelled British workmen, who are
now in the coast towns, and who are beginning to suffer from protracted non-employment.
The Revenue Office In Johannesburg has
beon opened for the collection of licence
fees. It Is strongly felt here that licences
protecting unproduclng claims should be
remitted during the war, as many claim-
holders are fighting in the ranks of the
Colonial corps. It Is also contended that
prospecting licences should be greatly reduced In the future and the country
thrown open to the enterprise of new and
old settlers. The revenue thus obtained
would be from a fair share of the results, as In other mining countries, and
not from preliminary taxation as heretofore.
Some people spend so much of their
time in trying to be amiable that they
haven't time to earn a living.
Ceylon as well as St. Helena is to be-
used as a place of exile for the Boer
prisoners of war which the Britten ex-
sect to take or have taken. Out at
Dlyatalawa, in the Province of Uva,
the BritlBh now are building bis barracks and sheds for the prisoners and
for the soldiers who are to guard tbem.
Dlyatalawa Is a station on the railway
about 150 miles from Colombo, and is
very nearly In the centre of the Island.
Here the Colombo Commercial Company Is building 23 sheds, 120x40feet,
the Government factory is building 18
sheds, and Messrs. Walker Sons &
Company are building .seven sheila, all
of which are to be of tha Bame size.
These 48 sheds will be occupied by the
Boers, who will number, according to
calculation, 'between 2,000 and 3,000.
iln addition to these sheds the authorities are putting up a number of
sufficient to accommodate half a battalion of eoldiens. There will be ten
of these structures, 100 feet long by SI
feet wide, suited to shutter 50 m*n each.
They will be made of Iron and corrugated zinc, with walls lined with light
woods and floors boarded. .In, addition
to these ten buildings, there will be
others put up for the uje of the officers,
hospitals and cooking outfits, etc.
If prisoners are to ba congratulated
the Boers certainly are, says a writer
in the Chicago "Record," if only for
the natural beauty of the country in
which they are to pass the days of
their captivity. There Is hardly another country In the world as beautiful as Ceylon���certainly not another
tropical country. At the altitude of"
Dlyatalawa. the climate will be pleasant and helpful, and the prisoners-
ought to make thoir imprisonment as
pleasant as enforced detention anywhere could possibly be.
This is not the first time that Ceylon
has .been used to harbor exiles or prisoners of war. It was to this Island
that Arab! Pasha, who for a time was
King of 'Egypt In 1882, and some Important followers of his were, went
nearly eighteen years ago. They were
stationed In Kandy, In the Interior,
and spent most of their exile in that
most beautiful of all tropical cities.
During the later years of their exile
they were free to travel anywhere on
the Island without restraint or surveillance, the only restriction being1
that they must not leave Ceylon. It-
was largely
For a time, in 1882, Arab! succeeded
in obtaining possession of the Throne
of Egypt and reigned as Khedive during a short and stormy Interregnum.
Then he was dethroned, and acting on
the frantic appeals of his successor,
who greatly feared Arabi's Influence,
the English deported him to Ceylon,
with the most powerful of his followers.
Ten years later he was still in exile
ln Ceylon. He was growing old and
longed to return to the home of hiss
In 1893, 'Mr. Clement Scott, the writer, Obtained an interview from him in
Neura Eliya, Ceylon, in the course or
which he asked that Mr. Scott com-
munlcate a message to the British
"Tell the English people,'.' he said,
"that I am an old man���old before my
time. Tell the English people that I
have been ten years in exile, and that
I am broken down In health, unfit for
anything but reflection on the past,
inenpa'ble of dishonesty or dishonor.
Tell the English people that you have
looked into my eyes and seen them
clouded with shadow that will soon
close them to the light of day forever. I want to die among my own
and those I love before the last hour
comes. If the English Government
would allow me to go back to Egypt I
should go, not as an enemy, but the
friend of England."
In March of that year, Mr. Mohr, a
German electrician, and the writer were-
on a little Danish coaster In Singapore,
waiting to start to Bangkok. The captain explained why the sailing hour
was delayed, saying that an Egyptian
prince was to make the trip and that
his arrival was momentarily expected.
At 1 o'clock a tall, handsome young
man about 20 years old, accompanied
by an Arabic servant, came up the tubi gt
commodatlon ladder, and a few min- * *.
utes later introduced himself as Ibrahim Bey Pasha, the son of Arab!
Pasha. He was on his way to visit th*
King of Slam, In Bangkok.
But at last Arabi Pasha, who was
exiled for a year or two and who served  eighteen,  has been  allowed to re-        ,
turn to Egypt.   He was given this prl-      %
vilege only within the last few months,     I >
at a time when he Is old, broken down,
and   In his   o'wn   words, "with   eyes*
clouded with the shadow that will soon
close to them the   light of day forever."
The population of Duluth, Minn., as officially announced Is 62.969, an increase In
population of 19,664 or 59.9 per cent, from
TOO to 1900.
The Standard Oil Company has sent $10,-
000 to Governor Bayers for the Galveston
sufferers, and the New York Merchants"
Association has raised 14,850.
OOorgc Prousse was shot ln a holdup on the "Sheep Ranch" Saloon. Salt
r.ake City, on Tuesday night, and died
early on Wednesday morning.
The Comptroller of the United States
Currency Has declared a dividend of 41
per cent, ln favor of the arfv^Vg of the
Columbian Bank of Tacoma, Wash.
'���������--���-��� MEWS OF THE MINES.
The Slocan Lake shipments for the
;year to date have fey now about reached the total of them for the whole of
last year. There were then shipped
irom Lake points 3,078 tons In all, and
at the end of last week the like total
.of 1900 to date stood at 2,904 tons. This
like all other Indications shows that
the Slocan shipments of the year are
.steadily on the up grade.
deed of the copper opportunities of the
Simllkameen, the mineralised hills of
which have moreover the great advantage of being so graded by nature as to
be usually accessible with ease on
hors2back, whilst almost everywhere
on the mountain side is to be found
excellent feed. These are, /of course, '
great advantages In propectlng. In
addition to the copper possibilities of
the Simllkameen, there have lately
been found, eo Mr. Brewer states, fair
Indications of workable galena deposits, though further prospecting and
preliminary development are neceBsary
to determine whether or not galena
mining Is to become as great a seeming
The following were the ore shipments | certainty of the district as are its cop-
received nt the Trail smelter from dlf- Per opportunities. As to the coal deferent mines for the week ending Sep- posits. Mr. Brewer states that the
tember 7th: seams���which are In some cases six to
Tons, i seven feet thick���show well from pre-
Le Roi 0��i sent surface working, but very much
'Golden Eagle 41&  more remains to be done to test their
Brooklyn.. 4HVj extent.    The country Is very broken,
I where the coal lies, and only actual
, working on a fair scale, supplemented
 49y'��y careful Investigation of the coun-
 ku   trv's  ecological conditions,  can  show
Brandon & Golden Crown 62
-Cariboo-MoKlnney 31%
BcBUn 20
ixayne   65V4 W8  geological conditions,  can
B. C... "..".. ".."..   "..     !!     '.'.     .MOM to what   extent    they   are profitably
flulllvan 143% workable.      General   indications   are,
J. W. Young 24% however, good, and lf, as averred, the
Arlington 50 coai De found to possess good coking
Ymlr       2,tt qualities, Its Juxtaposition with exten-
l.       . /T^ elve lime deposits will   mean   every-
���al       I,����� thing for the smelting and treatment
LAST WEEK IN ROSSLAND.        I of the ores of the district.    Taken as a
The earlier published figures of Ross-1 whole, Mr. Brewer considers the Sim-
land's shipments of last week, which llkameen one of the very richest all-
appeared in our yesterday's issue, rath- round districts In British Columbia,
���er under-estimated the yields of the and Is assured that it ought���granted
Le Roi and Le Roi No. 2, as also the railroad facilities from this Coast���to
aggregate output of the week. This prove of. the very greatest value to
���came to 5,873 tons, of which the Le Roi Vancouver, unless southern and east-
contrl'buted 4,329 and the Le Roi No. 2, em connections, first afforded, should
:336 tons. Roseland's total shipments divert elsewhere the coming supply
���of the year up to and Including Satur- trade of the district. At present, too,
day last, amount to 121,914 tons. It 'loetal facilities are bad, there being
Is expected that Rossland's output of only one mall a week to and from Van-
the present   week   will make a new couver, and   the return mall leaving
maximum record for the camp.
The road from   Northport   will   be
.completed   this week, when the com.
I Princeton so speedily, that In many
I esses a fortnight's time Is taken in
sending a letter from here to the Simllkameen, and thence obtaining a reply.
This defect of the mail service should
pressor plant will be hauled In and in-       talnly ,be removed, and a promising
'8ta"ed' imp win   waoif country, only some 130 miles distant
THE  WAR   EAGLE. | fn)m th,g CUy   provllle(j w)Ul tt twlce-
The War Eagle is preparing to ship  a.week mall service,
ore through the old surface tunnel at ������,���������   .������ tKnrm ��� ���IV,F
the  250-foot    level,   without   awaiting   LAST CHANCE AND NOBLE FIVE,
the completion of the tramway.    The j   Victoria, Sept. 10.���Advices from San
Management Is eager to resume shipments.
Mr. R. C. Campbell-Johnston, who
now controls this greatly-boomed mine,
-w.viocts to make his Initial shipment
of a carload of selected high-grade ore
very shortly. Another once-noted mine
of the   Slocan, the   Two   Friends, Is
don report that the Noble Five commenced work on Saturday, drifting on
Tunnel No. 8, to exploit an ore chute
that showed In the seventh level. The
Last Chance Tunneel No. 3 reached the
Noble Five ground on Wednesday, and
work on it was discontinued,
Victoria. Sept. 10.���A vein of hematite Iron-ore, showing 22 feet, with one
meanwhile about to make a 20-ton wall, was opened to-day at Chemainus,
���shipment. Mr. Campbell-Johnston ex- 40 miles from Victoria on ground owned
pects to make a richly productive mine by E. J. Palmer, Manager of the Che-
_yet of the Bondholder, despite Its un- malnus lumber mills. An assay made
fortunate early record of some years shows 63 per cent. Iron with no sul-
.aso. I phur or phosphorus.     Lending   from
A QUESTION OF COOKERY. capitalists of Pennsylvania are Inves-
iForty-flve mine left the Queen Bess' <"*���">*���     **��'   **v��   n0"   "^""J
mine In the Slocan the other day at  ���ff��2��*S "!/h,'��� IT?f "/
very short notice, as a protest against
the  west coast  of Vancouver Island,
the board given them. The outcome with the object of securing necessary
Js a new cook and a new crew at the ?��� *"' smeItin�� ���d ��teel works at
mine of the "good Queen Bess." Port An*eIe". Washington State.
A BjTG slocan bond.
Mr. J. P. Collom has bonded the Ma-
Mr. J. Wi Harrison's latest San Fran-
bou and the Ohio group, above the well- Cisco Coal Market report suggests In
known Enterprise mine and between It the following passage that there should
^nd the Arlington. Mr. Collom now be In the Immediate future very profit-
controls all the intervening properties able California opportunities for the
irom the Arlington to the Enterprise, ieoa! of British Columbia, as well as
having accomplished this, bo It la stat- of the Northern Pacific Coast in gen-
ed, by a succession of deals, at a total  e>'al-
cost of $126,000. Big development work | Since the Alameda left the following
will follow, operations up to the present! deliveries have been made from Aus-
on the properties just acquired having tralla, namely: Glencaird, 3,786 tone:
been merely by way of opening up the  La Bruyere, 2,974 tons; Strathdon, 3,135
leads at a cost of about $7,000. A very
busy Winter will now be spent on the
Collom mine properties.
Many new coal claims have lately
been staked near Princeton, where
much encouragement has been afforded
tons; Cambrian Hills, 2,750 tons; Flintshire. 1.X0O tons; total, 14,445 tons. The
above cargoes were badly needed by
large consumers, hence none of same
went into yard. There are 39 vessels
reported chartered from Newcastle and
Sydney, having a carrying capacity
of 116.000 tons; this Is 24.000 tons less
than last month,  thus    showing that
to would-be coal exploiters by an an- new charters are not being made as fast
alysls of some of the local fuel, which a��� lJve vessels are arriving here. The
Js stated to have shown 60 per cent- ' present delivery price of coal there,
of carbon, and proved, under test at added t0 present ruling freight rates.
Rossland, a fair coking coal. The body j w|th duty and insurance, makes Col-
of coal on which recent claims have I onifll fuH too e08tiy for general use,
been staked, is a continuation of the and prohibitive for steam purposes,
seams on the property of the Vermilion I Atl Australian coal is the only for-
Forks Company. | elg;n competitor at present  that    our
THE BRITANNIA AGAIN BONDED. Const product has. It Is very evident
The Company owning the Britannia tbat n very profitable season Is awalt-
group on Howe Hound has bonded the in* ,UI' Northern collieries. They are
property to the Scott-Valentine Syndl- ihe dictators for establishing prices for
cate, an organisation of British capl- 'he moment, unless they should over-
tallsts, for $500,000 cash and 30 per cent, load us with their output, which is 1m-
of the stock In a new Company to be Probable, as they have not the carry-
eapitalised at $2,600,000. Five thousand '"* facilities for doing so, and it would
dollars have been paid to bind the bar- ho a lack of sagacity for them to do so,
gain, which It Is expected, will In due even If they could. English and
course be consummated. (Scotch shipments are matters of the
past, and Welsh shipments are beeom-
1 Ing more exceptional.    The fuel ques-
The Crow's Nest coal mines at Fernie
and Michel are now working day and
night and still cannot meet the de*
mands of the market. The Great Northern Railway was a recent large pur-
���chaser of Crow's Nest coal,
'Mr. W. iM. Brewer, M.E., Is now baek
In Vancouver from a short but most
pleasant and satisfactory visit to the
.Simllkameen.    He is decidedly of opln-
tion   everywhere Is   becoming revolu
tlonlzed, America Is selling Great Brit
aln, 'France and    Germany,   and  the
present    Indications    would    Intimate
that said    markets1 will  be fuel purchasers for years to come,
The Kaslo & Slocan (Railway brought
over 1,000 tons of ore to Kaslo during
August.     Of this 647 tons were from
the Whitewater, 210 from the Payne,
lon that the prospects of the district . iM from tne' Rambler-Cariboo, and 42
are all round excellent beyond exag- from the American Boy. The Reco
geratlon. The Simllkameen he deems onee more joined the ranks of the
capable of producing much grain, as anippers. sending out 13 tons last week,
well as excellent fruit and roots, aided  A]l  tneae    shipments   a.re.    however,
by Irrigation easily supplied. The district also should raise large herds of
fine beef cattle on Its ranges. All these
.are destined to prove moat valuable
adjuncts of great mineral possibilities.
As yet, In Mr. Brewer's opinion, the
simllkameen Is insufficiently prospected and too little developed' for the big
capitalists as a rule to come ln immediately, but all Indications point to
the certainty of their arrival to invest
solidly, substantially and with prbflt In
only part of the output of the Slocan
and Alnsworth camps. Much ore goes
out of the country by way of Sandon,
while the Slocan Lake mines are busily adding to the total.
The Robinson group near the Athabasca mine at Nelson, B. 0., has been
bonded tu H. L. Leigh-Spencer, broker,
Vancouver.    Development capital haa
the early future, when   more of   the been subscribed, and t*ie property will
necessary preliminary work shall have he opened up Immediately.   There have
-begn done. been   already   discovered   five   ledges
MAVrttewer thinks  very highly In- heavily   mineralised,    and   two   pay
streaks of free-jnilltng ore, going from
$50 to the ton. The mines will be operated under the superintendence of
Mr. B. Thomas, M. E., who leaves for
the locality on Thursday next.
Mr. E. Nelson Fell, Manager of the
above mine, has Issued the report of
the Company's operations for the
month of August. The report
strengthens the general hope of a satisfactory early dividend for the Athabasca stockholders. The report runs
Period of run  30 days, 14 hours
Tons crushed 4M
Bullion recovered $12,1126
Concentrates 4,sr?.fi
Value of bullion recovered  per  ton
ore crushed 20.11
Value of concentrates recovered-per
ton ore crushed $11.33
Total values recovered per ton ore
crushed $40.46
Corrected returns for July place the
total valueH recovered at $18,H50.
Meanwhile tbe work on the Athabasca's cyanide plant is being conducted
as rapidly ae possible in order that
outside operations may be completed
during line weather. Excellent progress is reported.
'Mr. G. Bradley, ��f the Spokane Engineering & Machine Company, and
agent for the Gates Iron Works, Chicago, received the contract for the 10-
ton concentrator at the Highland
mines at Alnsworth. The mill will be
installed at once. Mr. J. A. Kelly,
late of the Wakefield concentrator, Sllverton, will have charge of the construction and running of the plant.
The "B. C. Mining Record" has collated a number of statistics of metal
output for July, on the strength of
which It estimates that our Province's
yield of gold, silver, copper and lead
came that month to over $1,176,000,
without counting In placer gold, which
If Attln were Included, would probably add other $100,000 or so to the
month's output. The "Record" places
Ea^t Kootenay first for that month,
with an estimated yield of $317,000, and
Trail and the Slocan it credits ap-
prolmately with $300,000 each. Boundary is estimated to have yielded $132,-
500 of metals in July, the Nelson District, $66,000, and the Coast, and Vancouver and Gulf Islands, about $60,000.
The figures above quoted Indicate that
the metal yield of this Province, which
was in round figures���Including placer
gold���valued at $8,000,000 In 1899, Is
likely to reach a total of at least $12,-
000.000���a 50 per cent. Increase this
Tho New York correspondent of the
London, Eng., "Dally Mall," declares
on the authority of leading mine .operators, that although there have been
enquiries from France concerning the
coal suplies of different sections of the
United States, and a few sales have
Seen made, the export of American
coal to Europe Is as yet very small
Indeed. No other country than France
has yet asked even a price, adds the
correspondent, writing on the 2Sth
Another big wash-up has taken place
at the Cariboo Consolidated Hydraulic
mines. The exact figures are not yet
obtainable, but up-eountry reports
place the value of the return at from
$180,000 to $200,000. Humor generally
exaggerates somewhat, but It is quite
likely that the wasli-up may have
added at least $150,000 to the results of
Ihe first clean-up of the season, which
exceeded $135,000 in value. However,
the exact results will very soon be
These reached 5.32K tons last week,
the Le Roi being as usual by fur the
largest shipper. The Centre Star,
however, roeumed shipments on a fairly large scale, the I- X. L. made another of Its vory small shipments, and1
the 'Le Roi No. 2 another small one.
The camp's shipments for the*last
week and the year t�� date run respectively as follows:
This Tonnage,
week's   , yi ar
Mine. tonnage.
La   R��l 3,927
War Eagle ���
(Vntre Star 1,200
Iron Mask ���
Evening Star ���
Mi nte crlsto 	
I. X.   L     ..    29
Bpltsee  ��� 80
Le Roi,  Nn. 2 172 979
Hon Colt   70
Giant   12
Total 5,328 181,531
There If a slight revival of mining
activity in this district tributary to
New Westminster. Busy development
work U once more proceeding at the
Providence mine under the superintendence of ..Mr. de Pender, under the general direction of Mr. Cirkle, M.E. It
Is expected that development work will
shortly also be resumed on other properties about Harrison Lake.
Some very large promises were post-
prandlally made the other day at the
banquet given to 'Mr. S. H. C. Miner,
nnd the leading officials of the Granby
Smelter ot Grand1 Forks. Mr. Miner,
who Is a practical man of large experience, declared thai he purposed tn
mine, ship and treat nt a profit, Boundary ore running as low as $5 a ton.
though ore of about $7 a ton seems
at present nearly to touch the lowest
limit of profitable ability. Mr. Miner
alio stated that his Company would
shortly build and work Its own refinery, and added that he meant ln due
course to Increase the capacity of the
smelter to 4,000 tons dally capacity.
After this, "going one better," far better Indeed, tban even Mr. Miner, Mr.
J. B. McArthur declared that Southern
British Columbia would ln 1910 produce
to .late.
W.I 24
$250,000 000 worth    of   minerals, or la
round figures, about 30 times the present output of the district. Mr. McAr-
thur's prophecy may probably be regarded as beyond the bounds of possibility, though no well-informed man
will be greatly surprised if in 1910 our
Province's mineral output reaches $50,-
000,000 or $00,000,000, without even then
reaching any point near its zenith.
Mr. Miner's prediction, though optimistic, seems, however, to be just possible
of fulfilment, for recent cheapening of
freight and ore treatment methods
BUgge&ta that In the early future it may
become possible to mine, treat, and
hip Boundary ore running a little below $7, tht-- ore of the district being exceptional* easy to flux. And judging
by present results. It seems likely enough that there may in a few years be
found scope for a smelter at Grand
Forks, capable of treating 4,000 tons a
day. As to all these things we shall
however, be better able to judge when
the Granby Smelter shall have been in
full blast for at least'a twelve-month.
Meanwhile, it may certainly be said
with truth that the brief experience of
the concern to date justifies very
hopeful anticipation!* indeed ln regard
to further developments in 1901 or 1902.
The "B. C. Mining Record" takes a
different view of the new Provincial
taxation on coal and metal output from
that usually adopted by those directly
oncerned in the Industries affected.
Our contemporary first points out that
last year the mineral tax on an output of $6,750,000 from lode mines only
came to $31,000���certainly not a very
large sum���and if. as expected, the increased levy realizes $00,000 or $100,000
this year, the total will, especially if
a fair part of It be applied to reproductive public work expenditure in the
mine country, lay no very heavy burden in respect of an output that will
certainly reach $10,000,000, and may
easily reach $12,000,000 this season. It
Is not here as If���as In the case of the
Yukon under Mr. Sifton's blighting regime���the mining industry of the Province were being mulcted to provide a
large profit revenue to be expended far
beyond our limits, for it may safely be
said, that in the future more than half
any usefully made Provincial expenditure must enure directly or indirectly
to the benefit of our mining, an industry which should consequently in justice, contribute pro rata, but not beyond it. In fact, if the added taxation
on mining be mainly expended repro-
ductlvely, there will be little or nothing to be said against It. The one
present possibility of danger to our
Province financially, arises from the
strong temptation which assails Ministers to Increase so largely our permanent indebtedness, as to make it
difficult in the future for the Province
to meet the interest on heavy obligations, and at the same time raise without unduly burdening tlie people, sufficient other revenue for ordinary purposes. British Columbia cannot very
well afford any further very large increase of her indebtedness, and cannot
at all afford to pay out of capital, for
work that is temporary In character,
and such as should be chargeable only
to revenue.
This free-milling mine of the Nelson
District has Just preduced another
moderate-sized gold brick, which Is
valued at $1,000. The mill is doing
good work, though operations have
lately been rather Impeded by scarcity
of water. A cyanide plain will be set
up, so soon ns the accumulation of tailings Justifies the outlay.
The St. Eugene mine shipped In August 1.900 tons of concentrates, 1.600
tons of which wen I t<- Autofagosta,
Chile, the remainder to Great Falls,
Mont. Lowness of water, duo to Summer drought, rather reduced the output, which was 2.396 tons in July, hut
the new flume now almost ready will
prevent a recurrence of the obstacle,
and enable, so states the mine management, to turn out 300 tons of concentrates per month. li id reported
that a 1,900-ton output of St. Eugene
concentrates means a profit of about
$70,000. Less than half such a monthly
profit would mean goodly dividends for
the fortunate stockholders from this
East Kootenay mine.
British capitalists an- opening oil fields
In north-eastern Wyoming where they have
acquired l.oun.ooo a,.ns 0f land.
A fiery agitation is going on In Spain
against bull rights and popular feeling appears to be In favor of their suppression.
It is thought that the Conners' scheme
of elevators for Montreal will fall through
as the time for commencement of work
lias expired.
In consequence of the advance in price
of coal and other stores, an advance of
10 per cent, has been made In Atlantic
rates  of freight.
As the result of experiments at the Pasteur Institute ln Paris, a treatment of inoculation of leprosy lias been found successful In two cases.
Lieutenant C. D, W. Unincke, from the
Canadian Local Military Forces, Is gazetted  as Second   Lieutenant   in  the Royal
Regiment of Artillery, the promotion being dated May 23rd, 1900.
A Company has been formed to operate
103 miles of electric .tramway in Melbourne
and its vicinity and to supply electric
currents for all purposes. The cnpltnl expenditure Is estimated at *ir>.000,000.
In future commissions In the Royal Engineers will only be granted to cadets
who have passed through the Royal Military Academy. WootWtch, nr the Royal
Military College, Kingston, Ontario.
A correspondent nf the "Westminster
Gazette" states the all-astute Ambassadors either decide their own cipher messages or hand them over to their wives.
He cites Lord Dufferin as an example.
This advertisement from the "Melbourne
Ago" shows the kind of assistance somo
Colonial housewives Insist on: "Wanted
a Governess. Must be able to cook and
wash. Tf a lady, w*ll be treated ns one of
the family."
Lieutenant! Borden and Burch Fell
Gallantly Fighting.
Something was told at the time of
the sad death of Minister Borden's
young son, fighting gallantly at tha
front, but up to the present no detail*
of the regrettable occurrence had been
made public. It remained for Hospital
Sergeant A. E. Ross, C.M.R., writing
from Rutulel, Transvaal to tell th*s
utory of the death of Lieutenant Borden and that of Lieutenant Burch, or*
July 16th last:
"The part of the kopje which Lieutenant Borden went over was about li
feet high, with front almost perpendicular. Before reaching the steepest
part of the hill. Trooper Brown fell,
shot through the lung. Lieutenant
Borden and the remainder of his troop)
climbed the steep hill, and fonud themselves face to face with the Boers.
Lieutenant Burch and his men werer
advancing along the side and near the
foot of the kopje. The Boers and the*
Canadians now held peculiar positions.
Some of the Boers managed to get behind part of the Canadians, placing the
last named In a critical position.
Soon after mounting the kopje,
a Mauser bullet piercing his heart.
Lieutenant Burch and four troopers
found themselves In advance of the
other Canadians, with the Boers im
front and behind them. The Boers
called to them to surrender, but the
five plucky Canadians refused to pur-
render, and kept the 40 Boers at bay.
Two rifles choked, yet the remaining
three continued to keep the Boers off.
Then Lieutenant Burch received a
wound in the left knee. He continued
to fire, and was in the act of raisins
Ms rifle when a Mauwr bullet bit bin*
In the side, causing a fatal wound.
But the Boer who committed the deed
also fired his* last shot, as he was
knocked over at the same time.
One of the remaining four men���
Mulloy, of Ottawa���raised his head,
and immediately a bullet carried away
one eye and part of his nose. Boor
fellow! he may lose the sight of both*
eyes. Corporal Price was just an instant too late in firing ot the Boer who>
caused Mulloy's wound, but he prevented him firing another���in fact, or
ever firing again- We buried him
and his chum side by side, monuments
to Canadian valor and pluck.
Peculiar cirmcumstances surrounded
the death of these two young officers.
Lieutenant Borden had returned to>
camp only the night before. Lieutenant Burch had been on outpost duty
for days and was on the point of returning to camp, but at the sight or
preparations for the fight he Joined his
A slight turn In the current of events*,
would have prevented them going t����
the fight.
Next day we brought the two bodies
Into camp, and at 8:45 p.m. the burial
took place. It was a very Impressive
ceremony. The night was Intensely
dark, and about a dozen candle Ian-
terns, carried by the attending officers,
lighted up the gloom. The weird scene
was the perfect embodiment of a ,lrean��
or a scene one would read of and consider it imaginary. The officers etooiF
about the grave, with lanterns, and
the men silently pushed each other into*
a hollow square around the outside. It
seemed as though so many jpectrea
and not men of flesh and blond were
moving about and brushing pas: each)
other. The voice of the chaplain broke
the enchantment, as he read aloud the
burial service, and ns he closed the
Good Book a star shot from the sky
and illuminated the dark surroundings.
After all present had joined in singing
'Rock of Ages,' the fatigue party covered from view all that was mortal of
two brave, bright young Canadian
Superintendent Marpole, of tho pacific Division, was on the south-bound
boat yesterday, en route to Rossland.
He is reported as saying that the Canadian Pacific Railway Management
has decided to build a bridge across}
the Columbia River at Robson at once.
The bridge when completed will make
Nelson the headquarters of the Company's system for Southern Kootenay.
Th*�� Management also claim that the
depot that will be erected In Nelson
will be the finest between Winnipeg
and Vancouver. Nelson is bound to>
lie the metropolis of Southern British
Columbia.���Nelson "Tribune."
Following closely the death of .('limy
Macpherson. Chief of the Clan Chat-
tan, comes the announcement that another famous clan has lost Us head
by the passing away of Miss Margaret
Fergusson, of Punfallandy Castle, 1*11-
lochry, Perthshire, in her seventy-sixth
year. According to the family (tradition she became the Chlcftalness of the
Clan Fergusson on. the death, many
years ago, of her brother, who Inherited i.t from their grandfather, who
was a distinguished officer nnd fought
at Berlngapatam. The Fergusson Cla��
are supposed to be descended from
King Fergus, who reigned In theHlgh-
lands long before tbe Christian era.
and some of them afterwards became
Crusader.���London "Leader."
William Fowler, nn employer at Darling's sash and door factory, nt Everett.
Wash., wns held up and robbed of $20 by
three highwaymen on the bicycle patt*
near the Point about 8 o'clock on Tuesday morning.
The United StateB Postmastcr-43encral
has received a communication from E. W.
Vallle. Director of Posts in the Philippines, showing that there will he a surplus ot receipts over expenditures up to
June 30th, of 119.448.
A man can walk a mile without moving;
more   than  a   couple of  feet. 'ON THE WING ITEMS
Road and trail work is pretty woll
finished up tor this season.
Fergusonites are laying in their
supply of wood for the winter.
Winter provisions for summit points
are now being bought and sent out.
Jas. Cummings has returned from a
short business trip to Revelstoke.
Sandon has been christened with a
fall of snow. The finest of weather
prevails here.
A. M. Craig and Mrs. Craig of the
Landing, returned from the Calgary
fair on Sunday.
Flour and canned goods have gone
away up in price. Wages remain the
same of courso.
Thos. Taylor, M. L. A., and Mrs,
Taylor and son returned from the
coast on Monday.
S. Shannon, J. W. Westfall and ,T. ,1.
Langstaff wont over to the Old Gold
camp on Saturday.
Dr, Johnson of tbe Silver Belt group
on Brown ereek, returned to Rossland
yesterday morning.
W. Ross was up the north fork last
week, looking over Thos. Horn's property, the Black Warrior.
A 150 lb. samplo of excellent Nettie
L. ore dominates the east show window
of McKinnon & Sutherland's.
S. A. Sutherland was down at the
Landing, rustling up the firm's freight,
on Sunday, returning Monday,
The Triune owners purpose putting
in an aerial tramway from the mine
down to tbe timber line next season.
Some fine catches of brook trout are
still being made down near the north
fork bridge by local piscatorial artists.
"Dad" Black, ,1. Laughton, Mrs. E.
Knowlton and Miss L. E. Pettipieee
were up at.the Nottie L. on Thursday
Isn't it about time for another con-
cort, dance or some means of
amusement either hero or at the
Taking the Texas cyclone and cloud
burst into consideration the Lardeau is
not such a hard proposition to face
after all.
No positive date has been sot as yet
for the Dominion elections, but the
politicians are stumping the country
Tf your have not already become a
member of Lardeau Socialist League
No. 8, drop into tho Eagle oflice and
mako enquiries,
Tho trail from Ten-Mile up Triuno
ereok to the Triune mine is completed.
And a good job was made of it; ono of
the best in tbo district.
S. Daney got in a small band of
Okanogan horses on Saturday and
will now be able to cope with the
amount of packing in sight.
It, is a truism that tho paper whieh
brings the local men results will inov-
Itably repeat the conditions with the
general advertiser.���S. F. Whipple.
Arrivals at.the Windsor: W. H.
Jackson, H. J. Pratt, J. B". InkBter,
.1. M. Miller, Rossland; L. Didisheim,
Revelstoke; H. R. Douglas, Thomson's
The town is quiet; everybody in the
camp is still in tho hills���tho best
place for them, in the interests of the
district from a development work
This district will have shipped ovor
:' (100 tons of oro during 1000-1901, if tho
Cup people do their share. This
sliould sot the railway officials on the
qui vivo.
"iM'cy Chnpman, manager of A.
McDonald & Co., wholesalers, Nelson,
Is in town. He reports business lHsk
in .Wilson and speaks highly of tho
prospects for this district.
llobt. Samson of Revelstoko, has tho
contract of getting out wood and tim-
lior for tbe Sliver Cup company. Ho,
with R. Davis, J. Anderson and Andy
Edgar aro now filling the order.
V'rn. Johnson ofThomson's Landing,
took advantage of tho Calgary exhibition as an opportune time to join the
benedicts. The bride is Miss Carrie
McDowell", a sister of Mrs. T. W.
Griihame, so popularly known at the
Landing, They received a rousing
reception upon their return.
'���" e cyclone that swept Texas and
hruiight the sea into Inundate the
citios and towns is boyend precedent.
All that is needed now in Revelstoke
iB a shroud of snow, according to latest
"Safety from lightning is easily secured," says the Scientific American,
"Simply put on your rubbers and stand
so your clothes do not touch any thing
and you aro perfectly safe."
At a meeting of the Trout Lake
Trades committee last night a resolution was passed commending ThoB.
Taylor, M. L. A., for the energetic
manner in which he has looked after
tho Interests of this riding during his
short term of service.
A. H. McNeill, a JRossland lawyer
was the Conservative nominee at
Revelstoko on Saturday last. A Labor
convention will be held in Rossland
shortly and a man produced who will
do up both the lawyer candidates.
The Journal of Medicine and Science
gives some very practical advice in the
following terse paragraph: "Drink
less���breathe more. Eat less���ehew
more. Clothe less���bathe more. Ride
less���walk more. Write leBB���read
more.   Preach less���practice more.
T.A. Wilson, M.D., CM.
h. K. C. P. & S.   [Queen's Univerllty.l
Provincial Coroner, Etc.
Ferguson, B. C.
Fred C. Elliott,
Ferguson, B. C.
Harvey, McCarter $ Pinkham
Solicitors (or Imperial Bank of Canada.
Geo. S. McCarter. J. A. Harvey.
A. M. Pinkham.
White, Gwillim $ Scott,
Revelstoke, B. C.
* When In Trout Lake City register
at the Queen's. Best service in the
* New stock of writing pads just
opened at the Eaole oflice. Also fine
line of envelopes. Try the Eagle for
your stationery.
* Perfect printing punctually performed pleases particular people. Is
the Eagle doing your printing? If
not, we're both the losers.
* The publio will .never know what
one has to sell unless one tolls it
through some advertising medium.
Tho Eagle covers this field.
* Tbe Lardeau Eagle and the
Family Herald and Weekly Star will
be sent to any address under the sun
from now until Jan. 1st, 1001, for four
bits.   Try this offer for real worth.
* If any man or concern has a good
thing to present to the buying public,
no better field can be found than that
covered by the Lardeau Eagle, with
its circulation greater than any other
medium in North Kootenay,
* The Toronto World has increased
its circulation by thousands during the
past few years. One reason for this
advance is found in the fact tbat it
publishes tbe most accurate and fullest
market reports of any Canadian paper.
A.H. Holdich, M.C.M.I.,
Revelstoke, B. C.
Methodist Church
Fergueon : Services In school house every
Sunday at 3 p.m.  Sunday school at 2 p.m,
Trout Lake City : Services ln Forrester's
hall every Sunday at 7:80 p.m. Sunday
school at 2:30p.m.
REV. H. J. GREEN, Pastor.
S. Shannon,
Assayer and Analytical
f^-All kinds of Photographic work done.
.Mining properties a specialty. Local views for
sale. Call at offico to see sampler.
NOTICE 18 HEREBY GIVEN that <S0) thirty
days after date (Intend applying to the Chief
Commissioner of Landaana Works for a license
to cut and carry away timber from tlio following described lands Bttuated In Trout Lake
mining division of West Kootonay! 'common*
cinir at ii post on Triune creek, ti tributary of
the smith fork of tho Lardeau river; thence
running west l-'"> chains ; thence north HO
chains; thence east 125 chains ; thence south
80 chains to the point of commencement, containing 1000 acres more or less.
Ferguson. B. C��� September v>, 1900.
month 1 intend to apply to tlie Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works to purchase 80
acres of land in the District of West Kootenay,
Bttuated on tho west side of Duncan river
Immediately north of the mouth of McDonald
creek and more particularly described as follows : Commencing at a post marked "ILM.
carter's B, E, Corner," thence west40 chains,
thence north 20 chains, thence east 4Q cnains,
thence south 20 chains to tiie point of commencement.
Dated at Trout Lake this 11th day of September, A. I). 1900.
20*82 H. M. CARTER,
Halcyon Hot Springs
Sanitarium   .   .   .
The most complete resort on the continent
of North America. Situated midst scenery
unrivalled for grandeur. Boating, fishing
and excursions.     Resilient 'phvsician   ami
nurse, ln telegraphic communication with
alt parts of tiie world. Two malls arrive and
depart every day. its baths cure all nervous
and muscular discuses Its waters heal all
kidney, liver and stomach aliments. Its
baths and waters tire a sure remedv against
ail argentiferous poisons. TEUMB: fid to
fit) per week, according to rofltdonCQ In hotel
or villas.
J. B. Cressman
Tho Leading House
tn the West
for ....
���vxso done is estimated at twenty
I'on dollars. Including those
,' 1'irid In nil tlie town?,' the list of
1 : ! casualties is placed ut 7,000
persons. The sea shore is strewn with
corpses, Texas 1b Id great need of
immediate relief,
Models of tiemity
You can not duplicate our
Tailored effects In READY-
MADE UARMENT8, II you paid
twice the ..mount the clothier
nsks. It's "in the system," and
it shows. Our clotlieB show the
elegance, the time nnd care
required to produce Boiuitlful
Models in clothes or sculpture.
You'll look well dressed In our
garments, When In Revelstoko
drop In and see our lip to-dato
Ferguson Shaving
Parlor :���
Wm. Schncll,
All branches of the tonsorial art executed with
amhidextcrious dexterity.
Boot and Shoe Maker
Minors'. Shoes a Specialty.
Trout'Lake and Ferguson.
A Reliable
HA Jewel.
If your watch is out of order, needs
cleaning or regulating bring it to me
at once and I'll guarantee its repair.
My Bhop Is in the Eagle bldg.
S. F. W. Gainer.
General Blacksmithing
and Repair Work���
Promptly nit ended to at moderate rates.
Horse shoeing a specialty.
Imperial Bank
-\BnBfc_of Canada.
CAPITAL PAID UP . . ��2,4r*,<��n.0().
REST 11,700,000.00. K
General Banking Business Transacted
Interest Allowed on deposits In Savings
Department at current rates.
A. K. bThEARN,   .
��   Druggists
If yon need anything ln
Send to the
The Only Way
To Intelligently Judge the future Ib to
Judgo by the past. Preacher aud politician, professor and scientist, all agree
on that point. The only way to measure
a merchant tailor's ability and Integrity
Is by what his customers do and what
they say. The gentleman who has never
purchased clothes of mo can judge by
asking the opinion of a long line of
patrons. Ho ein further judge by the
met that this long line of patrons keens
coming buck for more clothes. My
tailoring reputation In the past has been
good. My constant endeavor Is to make
ft*"" - *
Post Office Store
Ferguson, B. C.
1   1 Mfoefs' Supplies
We have just placed in our ware room a large stock of choice
fresh Groceries. Also a big addition to our well assorted stock
of Boots and Shoes, 'Clothing, Crockery, Miners' Supplies, Etc.
Special quotations to cash purchasers. Goods carefully packed
for pack horse outfits'.    Close cash prices.
General Merchants and Outfitters for the Lardeau.
An Immense Stock of Fall Goods
Just Received at the i^.
Send for Prices, samples and particulars
. . ... Bourne Bros.
C. B. Hume & Co.,
Wholesale and Eetail
��-��   General Merchants....
Heaviest Buyers in North Kootenay.
Branch at
Trout Lake City.
��>limi)tom����000>moO>��0>��0*OMOOlO����l����0 IIIIWtltMIIIMIIIIIIIMII
! Imperial Brewing Co., Limited.
Manufacturers of Lager Beer, Porter and all Mods of aerated waters.
Satisfaction guaranteed.              T}   *T��   TXT    p���D1.c���
All orders by mall or                   A*.   A .   �� V .  X Cell OC,
otherwise promptly attended to.                                       manaukr.
MimoMiiiinnMiiiiiinti it r" ft m
T^  Is the	
11 ouwer.
J. B. Cressman r, s. Wilson, Revelstoke.l


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