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Lardeau Eagle Aug 22, 1900

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VOL. II. NO
FERGUSON, BRITISJH COLUMBIA, AUGUST 22, 1900.
82.00 A YEAR.
TUB WAGNER OROUP
Situate fit thv Head of Haley and Cariboo Creeks Along the Lardeau
and Duncan Summit
The Wonderful Lime Dyke Belt Upon Whioh Many Prominent Mining
Properties are Located.���The Abbott Oroup.���The Big Wagner
Group���Splendid Shewings on the Frances Jewel and Dunoan.���
Lack of Hallway Transportation up the Duncan River Valley is
Keeping Back One of the Finest D',3trlots in British Columbia.
Ex-Provincial Mineralogist Carlyle
is keeping back one of the finest districts in the whole of British Columbia.
Still, like the othei'B, Mr. Porter is
getting ready so as to be able to ship
as soon us the railway comes, and it
cannot be very much longer delayed.
This season has seen somo good work
done in that section, surveying, etc.,
and though there Is littlo probability
of any railway movement thore this
year the iron horse should be doing
the climbing next year.
said that the grandest scenery he ever
gazed upon was from the summits of
the great lime dyke back of tho
Wagner group. And as a frontispiece to his report reproduced one of
theso scenes. Having a desire to visit
this
SEA OF GRANDEUR
and desiring a better and personal
knowledge of the country the Eagle
man accompanied Cutler T. Porter, a
prominent mining man of Spokane, to
the Wagner group.
Leaving here on Thursday afternoon
we arrived at the Ten-Mile hotel, at
the mouth of Gainer creek, where
Chef Earnest Davis and the gon'al
"Johnie-on-the-spot" mado us :
fortable for the night at tho "prospector's happy home." At four o'elduli
the next morning we were on our way
up the j south fork of the Lardeau,
through a drizzling rain. Soon tve
ascended a short series of switch-backs
and gradually landed on tho fine    '��� ���.
LOW LEVEL SUMMIT,
between  the south  fork am!  Haley
creek.' From hero we descend'd. by
the same means,  Russell p'oek, a\ ! in
the
hale- ���:i'i. ' ^al ��� > .""
n idert,tree ire \ d !:, ��� boi ;> and+ ������! I
ViuiMU. l$V...>tfw;���,.JW>.: & ���... A-
followed what is supposed to bo a
government trail, consisting of blazed
trees only, (this is in R. Green's riding)
up Haley ereok to the foot of
ABBOTT HILL.
After an hour's climb, "tailing" the
horses up the switch-backs, we found
ourselves at the Abbott cabin.
Probably the first thing to command
attention from the visitor, after peering
through the clouds to seo the big lime
dyke above, is tbo
LONESOME GRAVES
of Wm. Brecinridge and Jake Hoar,
who were killed in '90 by a snowslide
while coining down from their day's
. work, within sight of their long resting
place. Prom the Abbott cabin we
wind around tbe brow of the hill
towards the head of Haley creek,
keeping well up on the benches, until
tbe
WAGNER GROUP QUARTERS
are reached.   Liko two drownsd
we dismounted, chilly and hungry, and
more than appreciated  the warm lire
and   bannock    within   the   canvass.
Turning the horses out on the
BEAUTIFUL MEADOWS
along this Lardeau and Duncan summit we lay in for the evening, the
usual camp-fire discussion being
participated in until it was time to
take to the blankets. Rising early on
Saturday morning Mr, Portor and the
Eagle man struck out to view tho
Wagner group claims and incidently
post survey notices on the claims, thus
affording us a splendid opportunity to
see the wholo works. Dropping down
from tbe summit into the Hall creek
basin or head wo walked or climbed
for 8ix hours up the northern slope of
Hall oreek upon a ridge lying in
between two monster
LIME DYKE PEAKS.
First over the Midnight, then the
Morning and Death-on-the-trail, and
after some engineering and perseverance we reached the Little Tommy,
lying right up against thedyke proper.
Having taken this kopje we were
shown tho immense lead where open
cuts hare been mado and
THE ORE EXPOSED.
The ledge is visible right away down
as far as we could see. We returned
to camp in the evening, so leg-weary
and hungry that we ate one of Sandy
Laughton's '(Sand/ was up doing
assessment work on a claim above tbo
Abbott) bannocks and the- beans and
sow-belly tasted better than a Hotel
Vancouver spread. On Sunday morning���a beautiful clear cloudless day���
we prjfked up the camping outfit,
roundjd up the.horses and at (i o'clock
we si/rted
A       OWR THE SUMMIT
r'.'.ilai
and .Jlacier between Hall and Cariboo
cri k, and the Eagle is informed
thi    ;e are the first parties  who ever
$290.67  TO  THE  TON
The Triune's First Shipment Yields the Highest Average  Value Ever
Produced in the Lardeau.
OVER ONE HUNDRED TONS M0RET0G00UT WITHIN SIXTY DAYS
Nettle L. Force tn lie Increased,
Foreman B. Crilly intends to put on
another shift in the long baso tunnel
shortly and if possible get under the
upper workings in timo to stope this
winter. Manager Pool hopes to ship
at least 600 tons of oro this winter and
If possible to get it to the Landing, 750
tons.
A Record Hard to Beat���The Old Gold Camp la Lively.���Work on the
Bannookburn Group.���The Rob Roy's Progress.���Mining Men Still
Bidding for the True Fissure.���A New Company.���The Climax,
Marie, China, Lardeau, Effa and Jane.���Three Shift Force on the
Empire Group���They  Expect to  Crosscut the Leads Very Soon.
too .jjiorses clear over this route. It-
wasic. novel and frying experience.
Standing on the top of this summit the!
huge lime dyke peaks are towering
above us on every band; the
MOUNTAIN PEAKS FOR MILES
and miles around look like a big lake
of snow-capped waves. Here, too, the
headwaters of four creeks, Haley,
south fork of Lardeau, flowing west,
andH-'l end Cariboo creeks flowing
ov ..r. seen. The
majksWo nr
seems to '<o hot it in
reality is seven.   1 jlor
effect caused by the rising sun over
Red tjJpBmTiln and the many glaciers
surrounding us Is simply grand. Surely
in no "(her part of the world is there
such
8WJJ SCENIC BEAUTY.
Valleys half, peaks there, the whole
count r> is beneath us; it's a sight that
rod i never be forgotten. But we
i iusl not riwei. bore ���oo'ong. Starting
1y. ���-Ah<- mo?>v^ . yA^i ,'.'",JtLl,,,e
southern end of tne Wagner group and
ull the way over this summit and down
to Cariboo creek we are crossing
THE WAGNER GROUP,
a wonderfully rich mineral belt, which
a Spokane syndicate have managed to
secure during the Inst sixyears. Starting at tho camp, at the head of Haley
creek, Is the Lucelle K., joining tho
Abbott, then the Jewel fraction. Tho
next is tbe
FRANCES JEWEL,
upon whieh a good deal of prospect
work has been dono, and from a 40 ft.
tunnel driven on the ledge
ABIGPILEOFORE.
has been thrown on the dump, average
assays of which run from $80 to $100 to
the ton, but nothing more is likely to
be done until transportation up the
Duncan river is provided. But even
at present they could build a trail
down Hall creek, five miles, and down
the Duncan river to the head of
navigation, seven miles, and
COMMENCE SHIPPING,
if they bad a concentrator built. From
the Frances Jewol we cross to the
Emma, Basin 'fraction, Queen Mary,
Princess Marie, Lardeau fraction, Lardeau, McCartney fraction and on to
the
DUNCAN MINE,
for a mine it is, Though we could not
see all of the surface shewings on
account of the snow, we saw enough to
oonvlnce us of its value. A 100 ft.
tunnel has been driven and at tbe end
a 40 ft. crosscut. At the 00 ft. point a
crosscut reveals
A 10 FT. LEDGE,
nearly 2 ft. of wbloh is dean ore, the
balance good concentrating ore. At
this point a 00 ft. winze is sunk and at
the bottom the lead is the same as
abovo, thus demonstrating that there
must be thousands of tons of ore almost
in sight. Assays of Duncan ore run
from $87 to $203 to the ton. The Duncan is
A RICH PROPERTY
and will surely add to tho wealth of
the province as soon as a railway is
provided. From the Dunoan we start
down tho Cariboo creek slope, passing
over the Ould Jim fraction, Ella, Texas,
Iowa, Snowstorm fraction, Hather and
Sata Rita. This lands us in tho valley
of Cariboo creek, from where we can
look up to the Empire group, which we
visited, but of the rest of the trip the
Eaole will tell next issue.
Mr. Porter is as enthusiastic as ever
over his syndicate's property, but ho,
like all others, greatly deplores tbe
lack o/railway communication whioh
In Treat Creek Camp.
Wm. Glenn camo down nfrom the
Trout Creek camp, over the divide
from Haley oreek, on Friday, whore he
was doing assessment work on some
re-located claims, anil the EAGLE is
informed that thero will soon be
razors in the air over the disputed
territory.
Black Diamond Oroup Surveyed.
J. P. Burnyeat, C. E,, P. L. S���
of
Vernon, ia down from the Blnck Diamond group, up the north fork, having
linished surveying the Silver Tip Mining Co's group. He is now preparing
his field notes and tho application for
a crown grant will appear in the Eagle
next issue.
Nice NhewiiiR on the Mountain view,
Frank Appieost and Low Thompson
came down from the Mountain View,
up Gainer creek, a few days ago,
where they have beon doing assessment
work, and report a find of 10 inches of
<���':';'. ..'.rnlena ore. R. Caloy o: Kevelstoke owns a half interest nnd they
hold the other half.
The Lost Tunnel oroup.
Messrs. Templeton, Evans, Murray
and Culkeen aro doing prospect work
on the Lost Tunnel group, up the sonth
fork of the south fork, with encouraging
results. The boys intend to open this
property up enough to prove it, and
then either stuff or commence shipping
ore next season.
To Operate up the North
The Galena Crock Mining Co. of
Lardeau, B. C, Ltd., is a now concern
organized in Belleville, Out., to
operate properties in this district.
Vernon H. Cowsert is secretary, A. E.
Lewis, treasurer, J. A. Marshall,
president, W. B. Riggs, vice-pres. and
J. M. Miller, the well known mining
man of Rossland, a managing director.
Tho executive office is Belleville, Ont.,
the head office Rossland, B. C. Further particulars of tho new company's
future intentions will be made known
at a later date.
Tbe returns of the Triune's maiden
shipment of ore to the Trail smelter
have been given to the Eagle. All
kinds of rumors, published guesses in
our contemporary and conjectures
have been afloat. But with its usual
reliability tho Eagle begs to present
the exact figures, There was 1180 sacks
of ore, the gross weight of which was
42,180 lbs., the net weight 39,895 lbs.
or 405 lbs. less than 20 tons. The ore
sized up in these proportions: Gold,
$237,68; silver, $4,985.95; lead, $589.96.
Total gross value. $5,813.49, or, ligur-
on a 2(1 ton basis, $200.07 to tho ton.
Transportation and smelter charges
amounted to $430.05, leaving the net
proceeds $5,376,84, or, on a 20-ton
basis, $268.84 to the ton. It costs $10
a ton to pack It to Ten-Mile, $15 to
haul it to the Landing und the
enormous figure of $22 a ton for freight,
transportation and smelter charges to
the C. P. R.
The shipment was accompanied by
A. Ferguson, one of tlie ownors, and
V. Lade, one of the lessees. They got
$20 an oz. for their gold and 01 cents
peroz. for thoir silver. The EAGLE
need not comment. The figures shew
for themselves. lint it is safe to say
that every ton of Triuno ore shipped
this season, (the owners hope to get
out im tons, a isort of which '������;��� lrendy
on the way to the Landing) wiil net at
east $2"(i.00 a ton, after paying $47 a
ton for freight ami treatment. The
Triune, it must be remembered, is
only about ten week's' old, and the
lessees have over 20(1 tons blocked out
right now, after having driven less
than 125 ft. of tunnel. The cost of
mining, too, is expensive, but just
think of an average value of over $300
a ton from what was a mere prospect
three months' ago. And what is more
not one single rent of capital was
invested to open it up. Tho lessees
co-operated, leased the property, stood
off tho merchants for 15 days and went
to work. The above Inures shew tlie
result.   The EAGLE defies any other
eamp  In  this  | vince  to produce a
better record.
snow drives thoin down. The Bannookburn ledge is another of tho great
lime dyke's productions, on the Duncan
side in this instance. Aiurther report
will appear next issue. E. H. Tomlin-
son. late of the Last Chance, and Alex.
Smith of Surprise (Slocan) fame,Kaslo.
are the owners. The Bannookburn :.-
to the Duncan side of the dyke what
the Abbott is to the Haley creek slope,
both shewing wonderful mineral out-
croppings.
The China und   Lardoau.
Joseph Brandon, of Silverton. has
lately acquired a valuable silver-lead
property in the Lardeau country. The
property acquired consists of tho China
and Lardeau claims, situated on the
south fork of Gainer creek, about eight
miles from Ferguson. There has been
considerable work dono upon tlie
property and the ledge Is exposed in I face of the tunnel just driven.
Rushing Work i.u  the Empire.
R. Leckie-Ewing returned from tlie
Empire group, at the head of Cariboo
creek/yesterday. He was accompanied
by Engineer Roberts, who lias been ��t
tbe property for some time. Three
shifts are now at work on the long
crosscut, about 120 ft. now being
driven. In another SO ft. tbey hope to
crosscut the first lead and then push on
to tap the other two, the second ono
having the best shewing above. They
will have possibly 200 ft. deptii und if
the ore body is found the [Umpire may
bo considered beyond the doubt stage.
The company paid $.'10,000 cash forthe
property last year. Tho great iron
capping and from $50 to $80 galena on
the surface, with lack of railway transportation,   makes   it    an    expensive
pi-Upoeltion t��� vtoi!:, but if they iret the
ore the company havo money enough
to overcome tlie other difficulties. A
dotailed report of the EAGLE'S visit to
this property will appear next issue.
The Malic (lull.
The Old Oold Culup.
Supt. J. W. Westfall is down from
the Old Gold camp, having successfully piloted another tenderfoot safely
over the scene of action. .Mi-. West-
fall reports the Primrose looking
better than when wo were there last
week, moro mineralized quartz being
encountered with each shot, indicating
that the ore body is not far distant.
Work is also being pushed on the
diagonal crosscut in tbe upper workings
of the Old Gold, but it will be some
littlo time yet before they got under
tho big surface shewing of galena anil
pyrites of iron above.
A  diagonal   crosscut  is   also being
driven ou tho Guinea  Gold from the
This
Parallelling tbe Cariboo creek slope
portion of tlie Wagner group, right on
the top of a "lime dyke" mountain of
granite-like lime, lies the Marie
mineral claim, owned by Gus. Johnson
and John C. McCartney. They have a
fine shewiug of clean galena ore in a
4 ft. ledge, running from 70 to 100 ozs.
in silver and 84 per cent, lead, so much
that the ere is nearly soft aud lead-llko.
It is traceable for over OHO ft. Tho
K.wtt.K man bus a fine speciman. personally secured fi'om the property last
Sunday. Two years assessment, a 10
ft. shaft, is all tho development so far,
but next soason more will be done.
many places. The ledge, which is a
large one, carries a paystreak of from
five inches to two feet of clean ore that
gives assay values of from 25 to 00
ounces to the ton in silver and from 66
to 82 per cent, lead.���Silvertonian.
J��lsiuero Oronp.
Ed. Hillman left to-day for tho
Elsmere group of five claims, In which
he holds a half inteaest, Messrs. Graham, Craig and C. Hillman owning the
other half. Three men went up
yesterday and all four will drive 25 ft.
more on the 20 ft. tunnel already
driven on the lead, ore being encountered all the way, assays of which run
from 60 ozs. to 100 ozs. in silver and
from $9 to $137 in gold. Tho lend has
been open cut on each of the five claims
and ore exposed in place, in every
instance. If surface shewings go [for
anything this property is ono of the
best up the north fork.
will tap the lend at considerable dopth
and develop many other characteristics of the mine, from whieh a hotter
idea of future work will be derived.
The Old Gold camp is pounding
right along night and day and If their
wonderful developments wero made in
The Climax.
Several opon cuts on the lead of this
claim have oxposed a good shewing of
galena. It is located on the Iron Mask
lead on the southeast side of Hall
ereek, over on the Duncan slope, near
tho lime dyke, and is owned by that
well known old old-timer. John ('. .McCartney, who, 1 hough 1(2 years of age,
Is still ns full of hope as the younger
folk. "Old John.'' as ho is often
called, has great faith in this portion
of the country and as he has been mining for thirty years his opinion is
worthy of weight.
True  Fissure.
Tills wonderful galena proposition
just hack of Ferguson on Groat Northern hill, Is being negotiated for by at
least three different parties and tho
EAGLE hopes to learn of a big deal in
the course of thirty days.   The sucoess-
Rossland, you couldn't koop investors f���i p80pia WU1 hnvo a good property in
or a railway out with a club, lint in the True Fissure, as everyone in thia
the Lardeau it is accepted as a matter oump -knows who has visited the
of course. But the Lardeau and ground. The massive galena ore body
Lardo-Dunean will soon have its day. | looks more like a quarry than a lead.
Tt is not so high grade as many others
Work on the Hunnnrhlmru.
The famous Bannookburn group of
six claims lying in a hugo draw between two lime dyke peaks below
in the district, but there's lots of it.
The Boh Roy.
Two shifts are pushing work on tho
glacier, on the southern slope of Hall j lower crosscut tunnel in the Hob Hoy.
creek basin, up near the Lardo-Dunoan ' They should reach the No. .'I lead in a
summit, is being worked this year., few days now. Drifting will then bo
The Eagle man saw the property on 1 commenced. The Ron Roy will havo
Sunday last. Three men have now 70 ' tlio greatest depth yet attained in the
ft. of a 100 ft. crosscut tunnel driven Lardeau whtn they get under their oi"
and they will continue work until thojiu the upper workings���over 500 ft. PROVINCIALPARUAMENT
(Continued From Last Week.)
FOURTEENTH DAY.
Victoria, August 9.
The House met at 2 o'clock p. m.
Hon. Mr. Turner presented a petition
from the Phoenix Board of Trade, supporting the Grand Forks & Kettle River Rallwav Bill.
Mr. Helmcken presented five petitions
asking for certain amendments to the
Game Act.
Hon. Mr. 'McBride presented a return to an Order of the House for ail
hydiaulle leases granted since 1st January, 1S0S, In the Atlin District, with
names of lessee, dates of application,
name of creek or rivor, with location
of ground on it covered by each such
lease; also name of applicant and
leases still in abeyance or Withhold; silso
return of applications for water leases,
numbei of inches applied for In each
case, these granted and those In abeyance.
FIRST READINGS.
Mr. 'Helmcken introduced a Bill rj-
lallnit to employment on works carried
on under franchises granted by private
acts.    The Bill was read a first time.
Mr. Oliver introduced a Bill to amend
the Municipal Clauses Act, which received its first reading:.
Mr. Mclnnes introduced a Bill relating to Labor. The Bill was read a first
time and its second reading fixed for
Monday next.
BALLOT    RETURNS.
On the motion of -Mr. Brown, seconded by Mr. Oliver, it was resolved,
That an humble address be presented to His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, praying that he will cause to be
sent down to this House a return showing the number of ballot papers actually issued to voters in each riding of
the Province at the General Election
held on Ihe Sth day o' June. 1900.
QUESTIONS.
'Mr. Mclnnes asked the Government
the following questions:
1. How many licences have been Issued under Section 14 of the "Game
Protect lot' Act, 1898," and how much
rever.ue has been derived from the issue of such licences?
2. How many convictions have taken place under the said Act, and what
is the total amount of the fines which
have been imposed?
Hon. Mr. Eberts replied as follows:
"1.   7;   $350.
2. It will take considerable time to
prepare a return that will furnish the
information requested by this <:ues-
tlon."
Mr. Oliver asked the Hon. the Minister of Agriculture the following questions:
1. Why was Mr. Thomas Wilson dismissed from the Horticultural Board1.'
2. Who has been appointed in his
place?  and
a.   At what salary?
The Hon. Mr. Turner replied as follows:
1. Mr. Thomas Wilson was not dismissed: his term of office expired on
June 30th, 1900.
2. The vacancy on the Board was
filled by  Mr.   Thomas Cunningham.
3. Members of the Board of Horticulture are paid $5 a day when actually employed."
MECHANICS' LIEN ACT.
' MR. HKLMOKBN rose to continue
the debate on the Bill to amend the
Mechanics' Lien Act, having moved tht
adjournment, upon the motion for the
second reading of the Bill, on the previous day. in order to give time for
studj of its provisions. Mr. Helmcken
said that during the interval he had
looked into the question, and as the
workingman waa properly protected in
the Bill, he considered there ought not
to be any objection to its passage. Ht
would simply state that the measure
would have his hearty support.
MR. McPHILLIPS, while not objecting to the principle of the Bill, considered that in view of the desire exhibited
to economise the time of the House (he
himself had consented to withdraw a
Bill on 'that consideration) the measure might be allowed to stand over until the next session of the House. If
the discussion of the Bill were proceeded with he would feel justified in
reintroducing the Act which he had
withdrawn.
MR. BROWN did not oppose the second reading of the Bill, although he
thought the principle of admitting a
provision regarding material men Into
the Act was a dangerous one. The Introducer of the Bill had a-sured him,
however, that priority would be given
to mechanics In the BUI, and that it
would practically continue to be a Mechanics' Lien Act, and in View of that
he had no objection to it. At the same
tlm-�� he would like to see his hon.
friend withdraw the BUI and let it lie
over until next session.
MR. HUNTER remarked that the
best way perhaps would,be to allow all
the blMc that offered to be introduced.
The House could then pass Ihe Estimates and leave them on the Order Paper
to bo dealt with at the January session.
MR. EBERTS was glad to pee that h's
hon. <friend from New Westminster ('Mr.
Brown) had changed his mind with regard to this Bill. He reminded the
House that since 1888 the Lien Act had
been in force providing a Hen for material men, and in that Bill the material
men came after the laborers, on the
same principle as proposed1 in the Bill
before the 'House. But the member
for 'New Westminster was not satis-
fled with that Act. He thought that
material men should get no protection
at 'all, not even the contractor, if he
was a laborer upon the works, and in
1891 the hon. member introduced a Bill
embodying those principles. He was
glad to observe his conversion in that
regard. For himself he had always
been in favor of giving a Hen for material men and would therefore support
the present measure.
MR. BROWN corrected the hon, gentleman.    What he argued in 1891 was,
not that material men should not be
protected, but that he considered such
a provision out of place in a Mechanics*
Lien Act
The question being put, the motion
carried and the Bill was read a second
time. It stands for commitment tomorrow.
LOAN   SOCIETIES  BILL.
The debate upon the motion for the
second reading of the Investment and
Li an Societies Bill, adjourned upon request of the Hon. Minister of Finance,
was further deferred upon his request,
to afford an opportunity to look Into
the quc.-lion of fees appertaining to its
provisions.
GAME BILL SHELVED.
MR. McINNES moved the second
reading of the Bill to amend the Game
Laws. He said that the present laws
were not altogether satisfactory to a
great many of those interested in thi3
subject, nnd it was at the request of a
large number of sportsmen he had introduced the Bill before the House. In
tin; Bill an amendment was proposed
to Section 8 of the Act, fixing a minimum penalty of (60 for illegally taking
ti'out. The section protecting game
birds during the clo-e season was also
amended by imposing a minimum penalty of $25 for shooting- any game birds,
to the number of six, during the close
season. These minimum penalties were
not in the Act before. Section 9 was
amended also by making it unlawful
for any person under sixteen years of
age to carry or have in his possession
any gun or fire-arm, unless accompanied 'by his parent or guardian. Since
this amendment was drafted, however,
he had been advised that this might
work hardship in the rural districts,
and he had limited the application of
it to within ten miles of any city. Section 13 of the Act was- repealed and it
was proposed to substitute the following:
"No 'person shall buy, or sell, or have
in his or her possession, any of the said
animals or birds, or any part or portion
of 'any such animals or birds, during
the period in which they are so protected; provided -always, that if lawfully killed or obtained, they may be
exposed for sale, or kept In cold' storage for live days, and no longer, Immediately after the commencement of Buch
periods of protection; but, in all cases,
the proof of the 'time of killing, taking
or purchasing shall be upon the party
in possession."
The object of this was to restrict the
haltrft which was somewhat prevalent
of killing very large quantities of game
and keeping it in cold storage as a
supply for the whole season. Provision
was also made that It should be unlawful for the Lteutenant-Oovernor-ln-
Coincii to remove any provisions of
the Act regarding the close season until two years from the present time.
MR. McPHILLIPS argued that the
Bill was not in order, holding that It
dealt with the question of taxes or re-
veni'cs, and therefore came within the
prerogative of the Government. He
ctiod tho penalties imposed under the
Bill a;-: revenue-producing measures.
MR. MARTIN pointed out that this
argument was fallacious. It was a
line and not a fee that was dealt with
in the Bill; not a licence for doing anything, but a penalty as a preventative.
The hon. irentleman was certainly not
debarred from introducing the measure
on that ground.
MR. SPEAKER ruled that the Bill
was perfectly in order.
MR. OLIVER objected to the Bill on
principle. The distinction drawn between cock and hen pheasants he could
not see the force of. The Lieutenant-
Governor could remove the prohibition
only as regards cock pheasants. Suppose a person shot a hen pheasant in
mistake, was he to be fined for it? He
also took exception to the provision
against boys under sixteen years of age
carrying arms. He had a boy 13 years
of age who was not only capable of
handling.a gun but was an adept in
the use of the weapon, and he was
proud of it. Some of the best gunners
in his district were boys under 16 years
of age. They could not only kill game
birds but tackle bears as well. (Applause.)
MR. NEILL considered the Bill a
contentious one which would hamper
the business of the Hou*e and he proposed to vote against 1t. He moved
that the Bill be read this day six
months.
MR. MARTIN, although not particularly a sporting 'man, disbelieving in
fact in nny game laws at all, yet protested against the attitude of the last
speaker. Surely the hon, gentleman
did not consider becuse the Government
in order to obtain a lease of power, had
agreed not to do anything this session,
that the House was to be bound by
such an arrangement. 'So far as the
Opposition was concerned at least it
considered Itself bound by the obligation It was under as representative
of the people, to do what it felt necessary in the public service. He did not
think that responsibility should be
shirked In the manner suggested by tht
hon. gentleman.
MR McINNES pointed out that this
was a matter in which a large number
of people were interested. Several
largely signed petitions had been presented that very day in regard to this
legislation; and he understood there
would be more within a day or two.
While there might be some question as
to the general Idea of the Act, there
should be no contention whatever as to
the propriety of giving the Bill consideration. The details could be amended in Committee as the House saw fit.
As to the hurry being evidenced to
shirk the duties of legislation, he reminded the House that the present session would cost Just as much as a general sersion, and the people would probably look upon it in that way. They
had been elected for that purpose, and
not for the purpose of squeezing
through the session with as little pains
as possible in order to get away again
quickly. It was an important thing
also that the game should be properly
protected, and for these reasons he was
desirous that the Bill should be proceeded with.
HON. MR. EBERTS thought the present Bill contained some unnecessary
provisions. It was on the statutes that
a 'boy under 14 years of age should not
carry fire-arms. The regulation in regard to cold storage he thought undesirable. He could not see why a sportsman should not be permitted to keep
the birds he killed as long as he desired to do so. Of course. If he kept them
over into the close season, the law
would apply to that case. He sympathised heartily with the general purpose of the Bill. The protection of our
game was an important matter. He
instanced the State of Maine as an illustration cf how important the preservation of game really waa to a country in the interests of travellers and
sporttmen. The preservation of the
z:\me meant to that State something
(like two or three million dollars in that
i way. and in the same manner it applied
In this Province. He argued that the
1 best way to protect the game was to
i prohibit the sale of came birds and
thus do away with the pot hunter. He
would support the motion for the second reading of the Bill.
MR. NEILL'S amendment, giving the
Bill the six month1' hoist, was then
put, and carried on division. Names being asked for, there appeared:
For: Messrs. E. C. Smith, Oliver, Kidd, Neill, Green, Hall, Turner,
Dunsmuir, A. W. Smith, Clifford, Hayward, Garden, Prentice, Wells, Pooley,
Murphy, Rogers, Taylor, Dickie and
Mounce.���20.
Against the amendment: 'Messrs. Mclnnes, Gllmour, Stables*, Brown, Martin, Curtis, Munro, R. Smith, McPhillips, Helmcken, Eberts, Fulton, Tatlow,
and Hunter.���14.
ORIENTAL EXCLUSION.
MR. RALPH SMITH, w-ho moved the
adjournment of the debate on Mr.
Helmcken's resolution on Tuesday, in
regard to the letting of Government
contracts, rose to continue the discussion. It will be remembered in this
connection, that Mr. Mclnnes moved
an amendment excluding Chinese and
Japanese labor, in the following word*:
"Also that in all contracts, leases and
concessions of whatsoever kind entered into or made by the Government,
provision be made that no Chinese or
Japanese shall be employed in connection therewith:"
And that Mr. McPhllllps moved an
amerdment to the amendment, substituting therefor the following:
"If any Provincial aid be granted in
the way of contributions from the public funds of the Province, or a grant of
Crown lands In aid of any public undertaking, that any such aid or grant
be conditional upon a contract being
entered into by -any such person or
Company receiving aid or the grant of
lands, that no Chinese or Japanese be
employed upon any such work or undertaking."
Mr. R. Smith said that, in moving
the adjournment of the debate, he had
done so with a desire to record his position on this auestion, He had secood-
ed 'the original resolution, and personally he thought It a mistake that these
amendments had been associated with
it. However, it was now before the
House as was also the amendment to
the amendment, which embodied the
same principle, but not to the same degree. His position was this: He was
not prepared to support any principle,
which appeared to him to be exercising an authority not pos?essed by this
Legislature, and which the Government would not have the power to enforce. In the second place he did not
Intend to advocate any principle of legislation tending to Interfere with the
Industrial interests of the Province. If
the amendment moved by Mr. Mclnnes went beyond the powers of the
Legislature he would vote against it,
but at present he bsw no reason to
think that it did. And while he would
not support any legislation on this
question that was shown to be ultra
vires of the powers of the House, he
would not oppose any measure which
promised restriction of Mongolian competition, unless convinced that the Legislature had no right to pass such a
measure. The junior member for Victoria was the only member who had
disci!��ed the constitutionality of the
question, and he (Mr. Smith) did not
think that he had proved to the House
that the Government hod not the power
to go to the extent of the proposition
made by the hon. member for North
Nanaimo. He regarded that amendment simply as an order of the House
to the Executive Council of the Government; simply an Instruction to the
Government, that in all its private contracts, it should provide for this necessary restriction against the employment of Mongolian labor, a restriction,
which it seemed to he the unanimous
opinion of members of the House,
ought to be placed. The Junior member for Victoria had read into his argument a plea that that would include
statutory provisions, and was therefore
subject to disallowance. He did not
see where that came In at all. He did
see that it would necessarily be involved In a statute of any kind. He was
therefore prepared to support it. He
considered that it was the duty of this
House to do oil in its power to effect
a remedy in connection with this question, subject of course to a precaution
not to Interfere injuriously with public
interests. He would have no hesitancy
in voting against any measure which
threatened to cause a revolution in that
regard. The argument of the Leader
of the Opposition, that it was useless
for this House to pass resolutions urging the Dominion Government to do Its
duty in this respect, did not meet with
his full concurrence. He thought that
the unanimously expressed opinion of
this House, embodied in a resolution,
would have more effect than anything
else In waking the Dominion authorities to the Importance of this question,
and In Inducing action on Its part. If
possible any such measures should be
backed by Unanimity, bo that there
would he no escape through differences
of opinion in this House In that regard.
The hon. Junior member for Victoria
had complained that the Dominion authorities had not done all they could
to bring relief to this Province in connection with this Oriental problem. He
was not prepared to say the hon..gentleman was not right in that respect
Personally he agreed that the Dominion
authorities should have done more, but
he wanted to know what excuse any
member of this House could have for
not dclng his duty, through a complaint
been lacking in that regard. If it was
true that the Dominion Government
ought to have done more and had the
power to do more, then he asked how
any hon. member could And reason for
not exercising the authority that belonged to this Houae in that regard.
He regarded this question as one of
Immense importance. Every member
in the House had pledged himself right
and left In regard to it, and he considered that they should all be prepared
to do everything within the powers of
the House to effect a remedy, especially
if their action was not likely to Inflict
any disaster upon the Industries of the
country, and he did not think the business of the Province would be seriously
affected by the full application of the
demands of the resolution before the
House,
MR. CURTIS asked the Indulgence of
the House for a moment, as he did not
wish this question to go to a vote without making a few remarks upon It. He
had 'been very much surprised at the
action taken by the hon. Junior mem'
ber for Victoria in refusing totsupport
the amendment of the hon. meyber for j
North Nanaimo on the groundWhat It I
was ultra Vires of this Legislature, j
How could a resolution on this qraMon
be ultra vires? The amendmeiyj' was
not to be Incorporated into an ax and
did not run the gauntlet of the ��� .sallowing powers of the Dom In lor 1 It
was a mere expression of the o Aon
of this House for the guidance oi the
Government, and the only question ot
ultra vires that could arise, with regard to it was as to whether the Provincial Government, when entering Into
contracts, granting a concession or giving a lease, of something which It really owned, could annex to such concession, grant or lease, certain conditions
upon which such privilege was to be
enjoyed by the party securing H. It
seemed to him a monstrous proposition
for the hon. member to come there and
tell them that they had not that power.
But If he (Mr. Curtis) had any doubt
about it (he had not much confidence
in the hon. gentleman in the matter of
law) he would find an answer to that
question in the very amendment which
he (Mr. McPhillips) had moved, for
there he said: "If any Provincial aid
be granted in the way of contributions I
from the public funds of the Province,
or a grant of Crown lands In aid of t
any public undertaking, that any such
aid or grant be conditional upon a contract being entered into by any such j
person or company receiving aid or the j
grant of lands that no Chinese or Japanese be employed upon any such work i
or undertaking." Why, he applied tho
very principleJn his amendment, wht/h ���
he��i*#eeted .fcfln l*w-Wr��t ono. If was j
well pointed out toy the hon. member
for New Westminster that he 'had admitted the principle; that he was pre-
pared to go a certain distance and stop- !
ped short. Now, was there any reason
why they should not attach conditions
proposed in the amendment to any I
grant made by the Government? The
hon. men: ber had admitted that It was
fair enough in the case of a bonus that
suoh a condition should be exacted.
Why should they stop there. In grant-
Ing a charter, for instance, to a company, that was, in cases of an extremely
valuable commodity, *t was not uncommon in Canada for such grants to acquire a very great value. Then why,
in granting such franchises, or any privileges whatever should they not annex
this very reasonable condition as suggested In the amendment of the member for North Nanaimo? In that, too,
It was left emirely In the hands of the
Government. It could use discretion.
It need not impose this condition unless it thought It a proper thing to do.
The House of course, instructed it that
it was a proper thing to do, but still I
the Government's hands were left ah-1
solutely free to act as it chose in the
matter He was glad to see that no i
other member of this House had taken j
the stand of the hon. fourth member j
for Victoria that such an amendment
was not within the powers of this
House. Then they had' also the argu- j
ment of the Hon. Minister of Mines In j
whicli he quite agreed with the amendment moved by Mr. MaPhlllips; and
whom he understood to say, as> some
other members had also, that that am-1
endment went as far as the policy laid
down bv the Leader of the Conscrva-1
tlve Party, in the late camratgn. He
(Mr. Curtis) took Issue with that state-1
ment, and' quoted from! Mr. Wilson's
speeches to show that his policy was
In exact line with the amendment of- j
fered by Mr. Mclnnes, wherein Mr. WU- '
son had suggested that a Chinese and
Japanese exclusion condition might be
attached to privilege* granted1 by the
j Government, such as railway charters
! and chattels for the construction of
t telephone and telegraph lines. This
was al! that was suggested In the amendment of the hon. member for North
Nanaimo. the motion which he had the
honor of seconding. He asked those
gentlemen who followed the banner of
Mr. Wilson, If they were going to keep
their election pledges. The vote on
the amendment to the amendment
would test them in that regard; Of
course he (Mr. Curtis), If he could not
have the amendment carried, would
be very glad Indeed to support the amendment to the amendment. It gave
them something, but it gave nothing at
all like what they had in the amendment itself. Then again, take the position of the first member for Victoria.
He deprecated making a condition of
this kind to his motion. In the first
place he wouU say that credit was due
to that gentleman for Introducing the
original resolution, which was In the
prope��� direction, 'though he was not
prepared to go further and do what
he could towards excluding Mongolian
labor. That resolution Itself, however,
If properly carried out and applied, so
far ai  Government works were con
cerned, and matters of that kind, would
have a tendency to exclude Mongolian
hvbor, ibecause' when a standard wage
wa* established, such labor was practically excluded, because as he under"
stood it, Mongolian tabor was1 never
used In this country unless it could be
had at a lower price than ordinary
white labor. (Hear, hear.) He was,
therefore, glad so far as the original
resolution was concerned, to give it
his hearty approval. Mr. Curtis quoted from a speech delivered by Mr. McPhllllps, in May last, in which he had
urged as a means of remedying the
Oriental labor question, that they (the
people) should set an example and not
use that labor themselves, and in whioh.
he held that British labor should be
given the preference; and based an argument thereon that he (Mr. <McPhlh
lips) was not justified In opposing tha
amendment before the House. Some
members In the House had' elated that
they were so tired of this question that
they wished it were consigned to some
llmb'�� whence it would never return.
He thought those gentlemen would be
far more tired of the question eventually unless they agreed 'to measures such
as they had proposed on this side of
the House. Until Mongolian labor was
practically excluded from competition
with white labor in this Province, the
question would not be at rest, In the
Interior of the country, It would be
found that the question was a burning one. At Greenwood the feeling
was so strong that the buslnesss people
had joined hands with the Labor people
and had agreed hy resolution not to>
employ or use Mongolian labor, with
the result that a large part of the Chinese population had left that place. He
did not want to make this a party question at all, and would like to see the
Government urge that the amendment
of the member for Victoria be withdrawn and some resolution pass that
every member of the House could agree
on. Unanimity would have great effect ait Ottawa and through the country. He thought the Government would
strengthen Itself by accepting a pror
position like that contained in the amendment of the member for North Nanaimo. Referring to the recent action
of the Japanese Government In prohibiting emigration, Mr. Curtis referred
with amusement to Hon. Mr. McBride's
claim that that was due to something;
contained in the Speech from the
Throne. They all knew the reason of
that. It was the exigencies of war
that was causing the Japanese Government to keep its people at home. That
could not be taken as a final settlement
of the Japanese portion of the question. iNor could they depend upon
the arrangement proposed by which
only ten or eleven Japanese citizens per
month, from each prefecture, should be
allowed to come to British Columbia.
Even If that carried to the full, there
would be nearly 6,000 emigrants per
month, because there were 40,000 prefectures in Japan. And what safeguard
had they ttiat-these regulations would
6e carrlfralul*!*' TWSy fftilgHTbe atoro*
gated tomorrow, and the full Influx
go on again. It was therefore of the
highest importance that they should,,
without delay, take every step possible
to suppress and keep down that immigration if not by direct then by Indirect
means, and the proposition of the hon.
member for North Nanaimo was one
that would go a long way towards accomplishing that result    (Applause.)
HON. MR. McBRIDE said that so far
from being unfavorable to the stand
he had taken on the hustings in regard
to this question, he would repeat that
he would stand by every word he had.
uttered in connection with the Mongolian question. He would repeat here
now	
MR. BROWN rose to a point of order. The hon. gentleman had already
spoken to the amendment to the amendment.
MR. SPEAKER ruled that Hon. Mr.
McBride was out of order.
HON. MR. McBRIDE: "My hon.
friends opposite are a little afraid to>
listen to me on this question."
MR. GILMOUR thought if the hon.
gentleman was going to make such at
statement as he made in the last debate, that credit was due to this Government for the action of the Japanese
authorities, it was better that his opinions were unspoken.
HON. MR. McBRIDE denied that he
had made such a statement. What he
did say was that the action of tlie Japanese Government was due U the policy
outlined In the Speech, and not that It
was directly attributable to the Influence of the Government of British
Columbia.
MR. GILMOUR said he thought members of this House should advocate Provincial rights, and not get up and tell
the Dominion Government what it had
not done. The Dominion Government,
he admitted, had not done enough, but
Conservatives and Liberals alike were
responsible for that. He thought tbe
House should support legislation as offered In the amendment as a means of
doing something to remedy this question.
HON. MR. TURNER said he only had
a word to offer. The member for Nanaimo (Mr. R. Smith) had' said that he
would not advocate anything that was
likely to prove revolutionary with respect to the trade and commerce of this
Province. He thought the amendment
ofthe member for Nanaimo was of that
character. That amendment would affect all contracts, leases and concessions of whatsoever kind entered Into
by the Government. No Chinese or
Japanese were to be employed in that
connection. Now, they knew there
were certain leases which the Government made to verloua businesses in the
Province. Take the fishing industry.
A large number of the canners were
on leased ground, and If the amendment passed they could not employ
Chinese or Japanese labor. Then there
was the lumber industry. A man coming for the renewal of his timber lease
would he under the necessity of accepting the condition that no Chin aeh mid
be employed In connection with his
work. In that light the amendment
certainly struck him as being of a revolutionary character.    As to the can- <l
nlng industry, which he really knew
more about, it really meant an absolute prohibition of the industry. He
bad heard it said by a member during
this session that he did not abject to
that, and that for his part he would
prefer that there should not he a cannery In the Province, and that the salmon should be running up and down
the river uncaught. He (Hon. Mr.
Turi.tr> hardly thought that was acceptable to the Province or the world
at large. It was altogether against the
doctrine of political economy. How
would the people of Great Britain con-
alder it? Was there nothing In that
business which proved beneficial to the
people of the Mother Country? Were
they not Interested In getting a supply
of good food at a reasonable price?
Would it not be a revolution of trade
If that enormous amount of food was
taken out of that market? When they
considered that In one year a million
or more cases of salmon had been sent
there fron�� this Province, representing
many thousand pounds of good food for
the i-eople of Great Britain and when
they took into consideration In connection with that the fact that the production that year of a million cases of salmon, or, say, eight hundred thousand
cases, which was nearer the average,
meent an expenditure on Chinese labor
necessary for carrying on the work, of
���400.000, the significance of this point
would be seen. Then there was the expenditure for white labor and Indian
labor, and for boxes and other products of the Province, the total expenditure in connection with those eight
hundred thousand cases would be at
leas: one million and a half dollars,
that largely went into the pockets of
white men, and of which not one cent
would be expended In the Province, but
for the expenditure of that $400,000 on
Chinese or some other cheap labor. If
any labor could be got to replace the
Chinese, at such prices as would enable the Industry to got on, then it
would not 'be revolutionary to prevent
Its employment, but he said it was revolutionary if such an enormous difference was made 1n the production of
food in this Province and in the expenditure on the white labor, which
had been, as he said, on that eight
hundred thousand cases, one million
and a half of dollars, In labor, and In
purchasing the productions of the Province. Was R for this House to say
"We will sweep away a million and a
half expenditure in this Province, that
goes into the pockets of the white laborer, because the Chinese get an approximate $400,000 In connection with i?
And in connection with that $400,000 he
would venture to say there was $200,000
of it expended In this Province. He
wai not arguing for Chinamen now.
He wished they could do without the
Chinamen. But at the present moment there was no means of carrying on
that industry without them. But there
was an erroneous opinion with respect
to them. If they examined the books
of an;s, of these cani:eri*^g they would J
find that the Chinamen expended large
amounts in the actual productions of
the country, In boots and shoes, cloth'
Ing and food. Some of them spent very
liberally Indeed. He saw an hon. gentleman smile. He ventured to say that
that gentleman had never been up the
Cariboo Road and seen the Chinese
shops there. The first thing perchance
he would call for If he did visit one of
those shops, would be a little brandy.
He would find himself supplied with
the very best "Three Star Hennessy"
or the best cognac.
MR. McINNES: "They must be jolly
good ftllows."
HON. MR. TURNER continued that
tne matters he had* referred to offered
one reason why suoh a resolution would
prove a revolution to the trade of this
Province, and he thought to a large extent the same might be applied to the
large manufacturing industries of the
country. It was true if they could get
workmen from the East, (he saw hon.
gentlemen smile at that.) But the
fact was that they could not get them
although they were not earning as good
wage.". In the East as they paid to the
Chinamen in this Province. He felt
perfectly safe In saying that.
MR. CURTIS: "Do I understand you
to be making a plea for cheap labor In
British Columbia?"
HON. MR. TURNER said the hon.
gentleman could twist his words in any
way he liked, but he was only stating
what was a fact, that there were certain industries In British Columbia today, producing enormous revenue,
which would not exist unless under the
conditions he was referring to. When
an hon. gentleman brought In a resolution of that kind which swept away
one million and a half of dollars out of
the pockets of the working men In
British Columbia, he should produce a
substitute to enable that expenditure
of ono million and a half to go on. But
he did not do that. The hon. gentleman referred in his resolution to "con- j
tracts, leases and concessions." Now. !
what was a concession in public work?
He Imagined It must mean a concession
from the Government of lands or mon
the amendment, proposed by the fourth
member for Victoria, in which he laid
down Something that they could carry
out, which could not be objected to, and
which would work out in some measure
the remedy the country desired. The
amendment on the contrary was useless
as It would be subject to disallowance
bv the Dominion Government.
MR. CURTIS; "We are not asking
for an act."
HON. MR. TURNER knew what they
were asking for exactly. In the case
of a concession their resolution required an act. In the case of a contract
or lease he was quite aware it did not,
and the hon. gentleman said the Government need not carry it out, If the resolution passed. What use would it
be to advise the Government that it
shuuld insert certain conditions In the
lease If the Government Ignored those
conditions? The hon. gentleman said:
"Pass this resolution or instruct the
Government to do so and so, but it need
not do It."
MR. CURTIS: "You cannot be compelled to carry out the instruction."
HON. MR. TURNER said the other
was aa amendment framed In such a
way that It could be carried out and
would be carried out. When they saw
a resolution which could not help the
Province in any direction, and which
stood a chance of destroying one very
important industry* at any 'iate in the
Provlhce, he could -hardly think that
gentl/meii on the other side would be
prep'.red to vote for such an amendment as that, but would vote for the
amendment of the hon. fourth member
foij Victoria,    (Applause.)
' he vote was then taken, when Mr.
M nnes' amendment was defeated on
a vision, the names standing as folio..;:
&.n the amendment: Messrs. Mcln-
neo, Gilmour, Stables, E. C. Smith, Oliver, Neill, Brown, Martin, Curtis, Munro, Green and R. Smith.���12.
Against amendment: Messrs. Kldd,
Hall, McPhillips, Helmcken, Turner,
Dunsmuir, Eberts, A. W. Smith, Ellison, Clifford, Fulton, Hayward, Garden,
Tatlow, Prentice, Wells, McBride, Pooley, Murphy, Rogers, Hunter, Taylor,
Dickie, and 'Mounce.���24.
A vote was then taken on the amendment to the amendment, put by**Ir.
McPhilllDs, and on the original resolution as amended, which carried nem,
con.
MR.  TATLOW'S MOTION.
A lengthy discussion then took place
on Mr. Tallow's resolution affecting
Chinese immigration, the debate upon
which was adjourned on August 1st.
MR. HELMCKEN, who moved the
adjournment of the debate on that occasion, took up the thread of the argument, dealing with the familiar history
of this question, and eventually moved
the following amendment, in substitution of the original resolution:
"Whereas resolutions have been passed bj* this House from 'time to time requesting the-dominion Government to
increase the pdil tax un Chinese* Immigrants Into Canada;
And whereas the Dominion Govern-
ent has passed an Act, known as the i
possibly Jeopardise the constitutionality of the Act, that the broader term
"Mongolian" should be Inserted. This
was done.
MR. McINNES mentioned that the
term "Mongolian" had been held in
cases to include the inhabitants of Pin-
land. Swedes and Norwegians were
included.
HON. MR. EBERTS thought that
even so, although he was not assured
in that regard, the application of It
would be in the usual acceptation of
the term.
On motion the BUI was read a third
time and finally passed.
The House adjourned until 2 o'clock
p. m. to-morrow.
FIFTEENTH   DAY.
Victoria, Friday, August 10.
The House met at 2 o'clock p. m.
Mr. Tatlow introduced a Rill to regulate Immigration into British Columbia. The Bill was read a first time.
Its second reading U fixed for Monday
next.
In reply to Mr. Oliver, the Attorney-
General stated, that there were 249
licences at $100 per year, and 157 at $200
per year in force under the Liquor Licence Act, In 1899.
IN COMMITTEE  OF THE  WHOLE.
The House went into Committee of
the Whole, on the Land Registry BUI,
which was taken up from its adjourned
stage, and concluded. The Bill was reported up, complete, without amendments and stands for its third reading
on Monday next.
The Judgments Bill was also considered In Committee of the Whole. The
Committee rose and reported progress.
The Official Administrators' Act was
also dealt with, and was reported1 with
amendments. It stands for its third
reading on Monday.
SUCCESSION DUTIES BILL.
HON. MR. EBERTS moved the second reading of the Bill relating to Succession Duties. Section 13 of the BUI,
proposed in substitution of Sub-Section
3, .Section 4, of the Succession Duty
Act, as proviso that where the aggregate value of the property of the deceased exceeded $25,000. and passed under a will, intestacy or otherwise,
either In whole or in part, to or for the
use of the father, mother, husband,
wife, child, grandchild, daughter-in-
law, or son-in-law of the deceased, the
same, or as much thereof as so passed,
should be. subject to duty as follows:!
"Upcn the value up to $100,000, at the
rate of $1.50 for every S100 of value of
the whole property; where said value
reaches $100,000, but does not reach
$200,000, at the rate of $-'.50 for every
$100 of value of the whole property;
where said value exceeds $200,000, at the
rate of $5 for every JlrtO of value of the
whole property." The Attorney-Gen-!
era! explained bristly the various
clauses of the Bill.
-MR. CURTIS suggested in connection
with the amount of succession duties
to be paid that there should be a sliding ecale to regulate tho application of
the law. He considered' the jump from
$L50 for every hundred dollars of pro-
I perty value on an estate valued up to
Chinese Immigration    Act. .1900,   !nc >s
reasing the poll tax from the sum of   ^ %mm ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
$00 to the sum of $100. | d d   h      h       h   w b
Be it resolved, that In the opinion-of  ������m^ ,���friT,������^,���,��� ���������,���
this House, the said Act 13 Ineffective
and inadequate to prevent Chinese immigration into Canada;
Be it further resolved, that an humble address be presented to His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor requesting
him to respectfully urge upon the Dominion Government that the effective
mode of dealing with the question of
some intermediate scale.
MR. NEILL thought that the Succession Duty Law of the Old Countrv
could 'be copied to advantage in some
resxeets.
The Bill was read a second time.
'BENNTT-ATLIN    COMMISSION
BILL.
HON. MR. EBERTS moved the Bee*
restricting Mongolian immigration into ond reading of the Bennett-AUin Conv
Canada would be by either increasing mission Bill. In doing so he said that
the amount of the per capita tax to the the intention was to appoint a commls-
sum of $500, or by the passing of an sion, Immediately if required, to go to
Act based on the lines of the Natal that country to inquire into the condi-
Act, known as the 'Immigration Re- i tion of certain mining property. Cer-
strlotlon Act, 1897.' " | tain  mining claims    there    had been
MR. BROWN consented to the with-  staked over and  over again,  until it
drawal  of hia   amendment, and  Mr.   was impossible' to tell who  were the
Helmcken's resolution passed unanlm-  owners.    It was with a view of deter-
ously. I mining tihs question, that the Commls-
COMPULSORY ARBITRATION.      '' si��� was to be sent there.    In Commlt-
, ��� *u-   tee of the Whole, he Intended to move
The next question taken up was the
adjourned debate on Mr. R. Smith'
solution providing for compulsory arbitration.
aii amendment that the Commission
should be limited as to time. It was
not necessary to have the Commission
urauun.      _________     .    .    . _.,,.,,   sitting very long, because In- hoped, In
HON. MR. TURNER, who had nwed   (hp n__p fiifm.p   ^ ^ At][n count_y
the adjournment of the debate, explain
ed that the resolution was of such an
important nature that nothing could
be done in the way of legislation this
session. The Government would take
the matter into seriou3 consideration,
however, with a view of introducing
an act at the next session of the House.
MR. SMITH thereupon asked leave
to withdraw his resolution, which was
granted.
MR. BROWN reglsered an objection
to the withdrawal of the resolution
on the ground that no definite promise
had been given that an act would bo
introduced and
MR. CURTIS also objected, on the
same ground. He thought the Government had treated the subject Inadequately.
MR. TURNER  did  not  think  hon.
les by Parliament.    Now, It was well , ,
known to every gentleman there that if gentlemen opposite had any right to in
a concession were made of land, an act atruct the G��vernment ana
must be brought in to make that concession without the authority of this
House. If therefore, that act was
"brought into the House it would require
to have this Chinese and Japanese ex-
the near future, that thi
would have its own Court to settle disputes arising there. It was only with
a view of settling disputes now In existence, that the Commission was to be
appclnted.
MR. MARTIN looked upon the Bill as
a very drastic one, which could only
be supported under special elrcumstan-
cos. He would not oppose the Bill,
with the distinct understanding that it
was to be modified, so that the Com
mission would cease after the present
appointee had got through with the
cases awaiting settlement. Hi' looked
upon it as a matter of some danger that
a judge should be sent there, where he
was outside of any law for guidance,
to settle perhaps important questions
affecting property, and he understood
that there were no cases similar to
those for which the Commission was
anointed in 1899, namely, the boundary dispute and loose records. There
would 'be no appeal from the decision
of the Commissioner. He had absolute
power, and the matter was therefore not
without Its graver aspects, 01 course,
he assumed that the Judge appointed
would act In good faith, but they all
knew, that the decisions of judges were
MR. GREEN supported him In that
view.
HON.   MR.   McBRIDE  also  took   a
hand in the discussion, and pointed out
that Mr. Brown had not shown any
elusion clause placed in it,7nd"then the! desire  for hurry ^^T^^S!
act would be destroyed altogether, be- j orbitration. until the present occasion _	
cause, as the hon. gentleman stated He thought the assurance given that often open to reasonable appeal,
himself, the Dominion Government J the Government would seriously con- HON. MR. EBERTS, in further ex-
would repudiate that act. So that he aider the question with a view to tram- plantation, of the proposed Commission,
held again that that resolution was j ing legislation for the next session said that disputes had arisen In the Pcr-
very much In the nature of a revolu- ; should be sufficient. cuplne District In which the boundary
tion with respect to the Industries of j After considerable parrying the ob- question was involved. A great many
this Province. Now from this he took ' Jection was withdrawn. miners went in there, with the Idea that
it that the proposition before the Hou?e \ MR. McINNES raised a point that R was American territory and staked
meant disallowance. What the Gov- J the consent for withdrawal must be their claims in conformity with the
crnnent  proposed  was  different      it j unanimous, which was disallowed. American law;   that Is, they had taken
LIQUOR LICENCE BILL. up claims 200 feet In length, against 100
MMfww** feet| under Canadian Law. Upon In-
^^^ HON. MR. EBERTS moved the third quiry, through Mr. Graham, the Corn-
some people take certain ideas. 'WhSt ��� wading of the Liquor Licence Bill. ��� mlssloner In the Dlsctrlct. It had been
the Government proposed to do wns to ! In doing so he drew attention to the found that under the circumstances it
act so as to prevent the Chinese being ! words "Chinese" and "Japanese" would be advisable to have the matter
employed more than was absolutely ne- where they were used in the exclud- arranged In the same way as was done
cessariv in this Province. Their action In* phrases of the Act, and suggested, . jn 1899.
was suggested In iba amendment to   on the ground that those termi might MR.   CLIFFORD   considered   It   of
was not a resolution which could be
talked of in this House and heralded
over the country with a view of miking
great importance that the Commission
should be appointed as soon as possible. He instanced one case, that of
the Yellow Jacket claim, where operations were at a complete standstill,
pending a settlement of the points .in
dispute.
MR. STABLES said that he would be
pleased to support the Bill, with the
amendment promised by thu Attorney-
General. As it was, be would have
opposed it. He did not believe that
the circumstances in Atlin were at all
similar to what they were last year.
With regard to the difficulties arising
there over the first claims, he thought
that while Mr. Justice Irving had no
doubt given entire satisfaction, there
was no doubt that a great many of the
cases he had had to deal with were difficult ones. Of course there were a
few of the disputants that were dissatisfied) but that could only be expected,
under tho circumstances. As it was
at present, there was no difficulty in
that district any more than existed in
any other mining district, and he
thought it would be unfair to give the
Judge going into that district any special powers such as Mr. Justice Irving
had. There were certain laws governing mining there, 'and the miners in
that district were men who for the
most part, studied those laws and tried
ti live up to them. With regard to
the Porcuolne District, it might be necessary to give a judge such powers,
and he trusted that no time would be
wasted in sending a judge there, with
a view to having the existing disputes
settled. There was no reason why a
judge should not have been there
months ago. There was no doubt that
a great many miners were waiting to
have the disputes arbitrated, so that
they could get to work and earn something to keep them over the long and
severe Winter.
HON. MR. EBERTS, replying to the
point that a judge might have been sent
to the Porcupine District before, said
that he had to amend the Jurors' Act
in order that cases might be tried in
Atlin; otherwise, it would have been
necessary to take a Jury up to Atlin to
try the cases there. That Bill had been
hurried as much as possible. It was
now arranged that the Judge should
start In a few days for that district.
MR. McINNES asked the name of the
Judtre?
HON. MR. EBERTS said it was Mr
Justice Martin.
HON, MR. McBRIDE paid a tribute
to the manner in which Mr, Justice
Irving had performed the duties connected with the commission of 1899. He
agreed that it was a dangerous tiling
to give any judge special powers to
deal with matters over which the laws
of British Columbia had full and adequate control, but there was the isolation of the district, and the distance
which separated it from Judicial bodies, to be considered. It was nearly
1,000 miles Into that country, besides
which it was a matter of some little
difficulty at some seasons to get into
the country. Last year, the conditions
were such that this Rennett-Atlln Commission was absolutely necessary. As
to the Porcupine territory, a report had
been received from the Gold Commissioner some months ago that it was
likely to prove a very good country, at
the same time suggesting that some
steps should be taken to have a Provincial Commissioner sent in there.
Since then a Commissioner and a police constable had been sent there, and
a very good report sent In on the country. Discoveries had subsequently been
made. He had received a report only
the other day. showing what the conditions were there. There were certain
claims about which there was contention
as to whether they were in United
States territory or in the Province of
British Columbia, and It was with a
view to the settlement of these disputes
that a Judge was required, !
The Bill was read a second time and |
will be taken up in Committee of the
Whole on Monday.
ROYAL   ASSENT.
���His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor,
during the afternoon visited the Cbam-
b?r ond assented to three bills, namely,
The Liquor Licence Act,
An -Act Affecting the Liability of
Trustees, and
An Act to Amend the New Westminster Relief Act, 1S99.
MECHANICS' LIEN ACT.
The Mechanics' Lien Act was taken
up in Committee of the Whole and progress reported.
The House adjourned until 2 o'clock
p. m. on Monday,
SIXTEENTH   DAY.
Victoria. August 13,
The House met at 3 o'clock p. tn.
Mr. Helmcken presented m petition
from W. E. Fisher and others, re amendments tn tlie Game Act.
Mr. Halt, Chairman of the Committee
on Printing, reported! that the Committee recommended that the correspondence relating to the fishermen's strike
on the Praser River, be printed for the
Information of the House.
Mr. Pooley, Chairman of the Railway
Committee, reported a Bill to amend
the Vancouver & Lulu Island Railway
Act.
FIRST READINGS.
Mr. Helmcken Introduced a Bill to
permit tho use of voting machines ip
the Province of British Columbia.
Hon. Mr. Prentice Introduced a Bill
to Incorporate the Vancouver City Hospital.
Hon. Mr. Eberts introduced a Bill to
confirm the Assessment Roll of the City
of Greenwood.
Mr. McPhillips introduced a BUI to
amend the Law relating to costs allowed to mortgagees.
These bills were read a first time and
will receive their second reading at the
next sitting of the House.
NATURALISATION   PRECAUTIONS.
MR. HAYWARD, seconded by MR.
HELMCKEN. moved:
"Whereas, the provisions of the Naturalisation Act are believed to be constantly evaded by Chinese and Japanese;   and
Whereas It Is most desirable that such*
practices should at once be stopped;
Resolved, that It is the opinion of thia
House that an humble address be presented to His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor, respectfully requesting him
to urge upon the Dominion Government
ihe desirability of amending the provisions of the Naturalisation Act in such
a manner as to compel all persons wishing to become naturalised to bt- identified before a judge of the Supreme or
County  Courts personally."
In moving this resolution, MR. HAYWARD said that there seemed to be
good ground fur believing that a large
number of Japanese had been admitted
as citizens of Canada without having
shown that they were people properly
qualified. The law as it stood at present was. inadequate to meet such oases,
and In view of the necessity f ir more
effective regulations in that respect, he
huiied the House would be favorable to
the passage of thia resolution,
MR. McINNES said that in 1890 he
hud Introduced an amendment to ths
Naturalisation Aot along the lines now
proposed in this resolution, Although
the arguments used were suffl< lent to
make It plain to any one that it w.is
desirable to have the Aot amended in
that regard, yet for some reason or
other the Government preferred not to
accept the amendment offered. He was
very glad the present resolution had
been introduced in this Hou e because
he was confident, that had his hands,
and the hands of other members from
this Province been strengthened, at
Ottawa, by such a resolution, the amendment he had proposed there would
have passed that House.
MR. MARTIN remarked that he had
in the past opposed a number of resolutions  that had come into the House
dealing with matters that were beyond
its Jurisdiction.    He still took the same
view he had expressed before with regard to that question.    One resolution
of that nature had already passed the
House this session, and he had not objected to it.    Nor did he intend to object to this one because he considered
that  this  was  a matter upon   whicli
they   had   certain   powers and  a  good'*
deal of jurisdiction.       Unfortunately,
the Dominion Parliament also had jurisdiction, and there were certain phases
of  this  question   that  they  were  not
able to reach in this Hou:;e.    He saw-
no objection, under these circumstances
in this House in letting the Dominion
Government and Parliament know what
their views wore with regard to a matter of this kind, where it desired really
to supplement its own legislation, with
legislation that it had to ask from the
Domir.lon because It was beyond  the
powers of this House.    That was not
the kind of resolution to which he objected. The kind of resolution to which
he objected was one which took up in
this House a disputed question of general policy, which was discussed at Ottawa, and upon  which parties divided
there; for them, as a House to undertake to express opinion with regard to
what should be done by the Dominion
Parliament In a matter that was conclusively      within     Dominion      jurisdiction    was    altogether    u'tra  vires.
That  was a proposition  that  he still
adhered to. and he thought It would be
a great waste of time of thU House if
resolutions such as those he had objected to in the past were continued to
be brought into this House, over which
it could not hope to have any jurisdiction whatsoever, and' which It    could
not hope that its views would make any
Impression at all upon the two parties
at Ottawa.    He might point out however,  that they were assuming some-
thins here which had never been proved to the House.    That was, the resolution said:  "Whereas the provisions of
the Naturalisation Aot are believed to
be constantly evaded by Chine*se and
Japanese]   etc."     Now,   they   did   not
know as a matter of fact whether that
statement was true or not.    In fact, it
did not put it very strongly.   It simply
said it was believed, and did not say
by   whom.     Personally  he  was  under
the impression that the staement was
true, although he could not attempt to
prove it in any way.    If those provisions were evaded it meant that there
was perjury on the part of somebody.
The Dominion Act, if adhered to, and if
Its provisions  were carried out, fully
protected   them   in   that   regard.      He
would point out that the local Government was not without its responsibility in this matter.    If the hon. gentleman  was correct   In saying that   the
Japanese and Chinese deliberately committed fraud nn the country in obtaining naturalisation papers, the Government should follow up every suoh case,
and a person gully of perjury should be
prosecuted  to the   fullest   extent,   it
seemed to him, now that the attention
of the Government had been very pro*
mhieiily called to this question, that it
would he well from now on If some of
their officials were to be Instructed to
look Into thi;1 matter, and satisfy themselves whether these frauds were being practised on any large scale, ind if
necessary go to some considerable ex-
liens.1 In order that an example might
be made of any poisons found guilty
In that connection,    That was something which was absolutely within their
jurisdiction.     While he did not object
to the hon. gentleman calling the attention  of  the  Dominion  Government   to
this matter, lie con Idered It was still
more incumbent upon members of this
House to press this local Government
into n full sense of its responsibility in
the matter.
HON. MR. EBERTS said he was not
opposed to this resolution, although he
foresaw that some injustice might be
worked, if carried into execution by the
Dominion authorities, upon some of
these people coming into our country,
who desired to become naturalised.
Along tlie Coast, for instance, on the
SWWlne River, or In Atlin country.
Japanese or Chinamen residing there,
would not be able to become naturalised
unless thoy came down before a judge
if the Supreme or County Court, of
which there was no permanent representative In that part of the Province,
and where heretofore no judge had
visited officially. It might be possiblo
therefore that any of these people Uv-
(Continued On Page~Slx.> Lardeau Eagle. Uwcmu shortstops
Canada should abolish the Senate.
ublished every Wednesday momlng at tho
office nt' publication, Ferguson, n C.,by
It, P. I'KTTIl'lECK.
Advertising Bates: Display ads., ��ft.30 per
column im'ii nor month. Legal ads. 12 cents
per (nonparleli line for first Insertion ; Scents
For each additional insertion. Reading notioos
15 oi ut" per line each Issue. No ads. accepted
at less than full rate*-.
subscription Rates : By mail or carrier. |2.0Q
pet-annum ; si.QO fur six months. To foreign
addroBses.f2,50,  stepped at expiration,
oh Printing: The Eagle job department is
.veil vi uippod. and is prepared toexocutoa"
kinds of printing at hones: prices,
etf^o cheilites accepted,
Addrcsfl a l conuaunicatloua 1�� !'"'
I.AItliK.U   EAGLB,
PBRGL'SOX, B.C.
WEDNESDAY,  AUGUSUT 22, 1900.
THOS. TAYLOR, M.P.P.
Thu Topio oootioues to tell its half-
'liizon subscribers that "wo told you
to'' story of Thus. Taylor, M. P, P.
Thu Topio must know that the reason
thu present anti-Chinese clauses aro
being thrown out by tbo government
in committee is that the premier has
promised, on the lloor of the house, to
bring down a bill of the nature of the
Natal Act. and also have passed a
resolution prohibiting the employment
ol Orientals on any public works or
franchises to which the government
gives any aid. The object of the
opposition is simply to obstruct and
embarrass the government, as they,
with the Topic, know full well what
the government's intention is in tho
matter already. Consequently il is
readily understood why these continual
and everlasting resolutions are voted
down. So far, the EAOLE has no fault
to find with Mr. Taylor. He has
secured nearly $7,000 of a special
appropriation for our trails, etc.,
$12,000 for tbo liig Bend road and
the regular estimates give us tho handsome figure of $17,000, the money
(or whioh will bo available in a few-
days. Thos. Taylor has been true to
his word. Hohas to this date fulfilled
every > miso he made, and tho dis-
trict gut,orally has been woll represented at Victoria, to which tbe elector?;
would attest twenty-fold to-morrow if
they had a chance. Mr. Taylor was on
the right side of tbe fence on tbo
"eight-hour law meddling" question,
aud the electors will, tho EAGDE believes, lino him on the right track
when there is something more than
nonsensical issues at stake. Tom Taylor apparently wants to see moro
business and less politics. And Tom
is right���in this at any rate.
When a mineral claim expires it is
any man's property; but a man who
will "jiKup" a claim upon technical
formalities, knowing tlie original
locator to bave acted in good faith, is
not worthy of the name. He must
needs belong to the canine family.
Much to the credit of cigar consumers in this community nearly every
brand now on salo in the hotels here
aro union-made���bearing the "blue
label." Three months ago r. no but
non-union cigars were sold. The
people only noed to bo educated as to
the advantages gained by demanding
union-made products. The supply
follows tho demand.
Smoke Cigars
���    And at all times insist on the
box bearing the blue label.
It helps manufacturers to see the force
of paying fair and honest wages.
The Label Committee, C. M. I. U.
This century is saturated with commercialism and materialism. It Is of
no use for the preacher to preach .Testis
on Sunday and'.have hLi members yo
and pick pockots o;. Monday. The
biggest thieves to-day are members of
Christian churches, These whoot'gan-
ize big deals or big steals are pious
deacons and church members. If the
preacher were to speak out they would
fire him quicker than Beat���he would
lose his job.���Rev. Chas. A. Eaton.
No good union man should join or
belong to a militia, judging from
recent events. There is no tolling
how soon one union man, afc the instance of the wire-pullers, may have to
shoot down his brother workman, who
is struggling for and demanding the
right to make a living for himself and
family. Let union men, ull men; buy,
own and control the monopolies of the
day and the "cause'' or need for
militiamen will soon cease. Think
men, think. Then unite and upset
these old methods uf government.
SCREAMLETS.
Canada should own the C. P. IX.
Now that the men in this riding
employed on government reads and
trails receive a fair day's wage they
must expect to do a fair day's work.
Speaking of socialism aud the trust
���the trust is socialistic it is private
BOeiallsm, unregulated socialism���run
for the few at the expense of tlie
many.
The labor unions of Canada have
\otod in favor of forming a labor party,
in federal affairs. Ralph Smith is
looked upon as tho probable leader.
Tho more one travels over Lardeau'
hills the more evidences of  wealth he
���ens.    If the  Lardeau could treat its
ore at the gross value of Kossland ore
it would be satisfied for tlie present.
The metalliferous mine-owners, who
applauded the action of Premier Dunsmuir in Imposing a tax upon the output
of coal mines, du not find the same
incentive for approbation when the
premier invites them to have something with him.���Nelson Tribune.
And now they will treat $(i ore at
Kossland at a profit. What a bonanza
four times that amount would he with
Lardeau's ores. Just back of Ferguson
the major portion uf Great Northern
hill could be ground through at a
profit.
If tho Vancouver News-Advertiser
would give as much- prominence to the
Eaule's mining news of the Lardoau
as it does to our views on the Chinese
question, this district would compare
, favorably with any othor In the
province.
Tho Eaole learns with pleasure
that Thos. Taylor. M. P. P., has
succeeded in securing $3.00 a day for
mon employed nn the roads in his
riding. This is another Feather in
Tom's hat. The wage is only a fair
one and no one will object to working
for the government now. The difference between a live representative at
Victoria and J. M. Kellie, a political
corpse, i.i daily becoming more evident.
instead of mlapent dollars on trails and
roads to town sites in which the member got his divvy, we find a judicious
expenditure where most needed in tbe
district.
Thi! Lardoau would welcome a
redistribution bill, cutting it off from
Revelstoke as proposed in the bill Joe
Martin's vote killed. The revenue is
largely derived from this end of the
present riding and bv the-time our
appropriations cover the Revelstoke
end we are called a pap-fed district.
Between schools, river banks and Big
Bend roads, Revelstoke receives ti
great deal more than it pays out. But
it is not so with the Lardeau end. The
EAGLE hopes to see this much desired
change an accomplished fact before
long. We have been tied up and held
back by Revelstoke long enough.
Speaking of the legislators at Vic
toria the Nelson Tribune says: ''The
most probable outoorae appears to be
tbe division of the house upon federal
party lines. As to the desirability of
this, public opinion has very greatly
changed within tho past few weeks.
Many who opposed the introduction of
party lines during fbc recent contest
are now prepared to welcome it, and
ihe new converts to the innovation
may be sufficiently strong to briny it
about." This is a brand new conver
sion, so far a*i. yohn Houston is
concerned; bnt fk'q- Eagle wouldn't
mind knowing, as,*!, matter of curiosity,
upon whioh side Mi', Houston will line
up.
Does your
Watch
need fix-in'?
Bring it to mo at once and I'll
guarantee its repair. My shop
is In thu EMJLE bldg.
S. F. W. Gainer.
When you want u Cool
Refreshing Drink
Try
Enterprise Beer
All LardBftH'fl leading hotels handle It.
Manufactured hy tjy
Xnterpri&e Brewing (Jo,,
&vetatoko, B. C.
SMOKE.
Hoyal
Seal
Kootenay
Belle
Little
Grem
.   .,-O^CIGARS
UNION MADE
by the
Kootenay Cigar M'fg k,
NELSON, B. C.
IVBec that tlio lll.ci;   LAllliL is on
each box.
The Union Label
On everything you Imy is a guarantee
that tlio producers thereof receive a fair
rate of wages for its production.
Insist on having thk label.
SMOKE
CIGARS
f ���
I  UNION MADE
See that tills Label is on aii clothing you buy
ALL WORK   GUARANTEED.
Ferguson Packing
and Transfer Outfit.
HEADQUABT1SKS AT FERGUSON, H. C.
Contracts entered into for packing of
Mining Supplies, etc., to any point
in the district.
Good, prompt service, and any work
undertaken guaranteed.
Freighting irom  Thomson's Landing
to Ferguson a specialty.
��� .         .
S. DANEY,  Proprietor.
The
Central
Hotel	
One
of
'     the
llest
Equipped
Hotels
in
Revelstoke \
Is
uinler
tho
same
management.
WBEN VOU ABE IX
PUT UP AT
' T LAKE CITY
-^Queen's
Hotel-.
Abrahamson Bros., Proprietors.
Evorytb Dg Haw nnd up to date.
xSCk Fire prbfi4 safe.
f@(9) Finest .Vinos, Liquors nnd cigars.
^*H?/ ��� Mining men's headquarters.
Gheorful dining room ; A 1 service,
MODERATE in-TKH GIVEN,
, >*��^8>^^^^^*^M^^^^^^^M��4��&^
1IKHT CUISINE SERVICE.   TW
REFITTED AND KEFI'RXISHEI),   {BJ,
y&   1IKST WINKS, L1QUOB8ANDOIOABB.
XL   FINELY EQUIPPED BAR.
REST 12.00 A DAY HOUSE
IN THE LARDEAU DISTRICT.
��� ���
��� ���
/. Laughton, Proprietor.
Fergusp, R C.
HEADqiBfclTERS FOR MINERS
AND MINING MEN	
CONVENIENTLY
SITUATED ON VICTORIA AVE.
$}   NEATLY FURNISHED,
ji    WELL LIGHTED AND HEATED BOOMgj
| Hotel Ferguson
THE PIONEER HOTEL OF THE LARDEAU
Wholesale Markets	
RosBland, Nelson, Sandon, Grand
Forks, Revelstoke, Greenwood
and Vancouver.
Retail Markets.	
Rossland, Trail, Nelson, Ymir,
Kaslo, Sandon, New Denver,
Silverton, Cascade City, Grand
Porks, Greenwood, Phoenix,
Midway, Camp McKinnoy, Revelstoke, Vancouver, FergUBon.
WM. SCHMOCK,
Manager Ferguson Branch. J
ft   The Bar is supplied with the best brands of:
,��4h Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
R Headquarters for Mining and Commercial
'* Men.   Tenderfeet comforted.
lEnteri 413.00 h day and upward*.
Ferguson Bros., Proprietors.
iao Pacific
RAILWAY.
"Imperial
Limited9'
Service for ihe year 1900
will be commenced June 10.
The "Imperial Limited"
takes you across the continent in four days without
change. It is a solid vesti-
buled train, luxuriously
equipped with every possible
essential for the comfort
and convenience of passengers. Ask your friends
who have trauelled on it,
or address
.1. MoCKEERY, Agent Arrowhead,
T. w. HHADsiiAW, Agt. Revelstoke.
E, J. coyi.e, A*st. Pass. Agt., Vancouver, H. c
Stationery is in our line
And we have juHt reoclved a tine stool
uf Letter  Pads.   Patronize
" TV.
The Eagle."
Pur People Who
till J
rbo"��nglo" lias the following list of boobs
for Mile:
Caesar's Column, (Donuely) Me.
The American Peasant, (Tibbies) 'J.jc.
Ten Men of Mnncv Island,  [Norton! 230.
A Tramp in Hoeietv, iCowdrevj 2flc.
Hotter Hays, j Fitch I 'M,
Tho Golden Bottle. IDontiely] 60c
An Ideal Republic, [1'hclpiu ffli*.
Christ the Soclalhit 7."-��.
.meriCHti Poonle'a Money, [Donnelly] fUSi;.
The Little HitituKiunti, [ArmHtroi^j  ,.2fic.
Government Ownership of Railroads	
hy F. G. It. Gordon Met.
Poems for the People. W.F. Phelps Hie.
In Hell und the Wav Out, by H.V.. Allen. .'.SAC,
one Way to Co-operative Commonwealth.,10c.
Law, Labor mid Liberty, by E. V. Debs Jtle.
The Concentration of wealth, E. Irving.... luc.
A Pure liemoerney, by li. S. Thompson 'J.'ie.
Direct Legislation; by.I. W. Sullivan inc.
Municipal Loclaliem, by P. g. R. Gordon:..inc.
A Fow Things About Trusts Hie.
Hard Times,cause and eufe, by Gordon....inc.
The How and His Money Lawn We.
Merrie England, by Robert Blatchford 2"iC,
Tho Story of Mv Dictatorship 2.1c.
Looking Backward, by Edward Bellamy..,,.We.
Shylock's Daughter, by Margaret 11. Butes.AOc.
A Daughter of Humanity, by K. M Smith,.26(1,
An Appeal for the Mind. by.W. A. Itateliffo.lOc.
Proportional Representation 10c.
-Lumbep
Everything is now in
shape for us to supply
Lumber
Don't delay but get
your order in tit once:
.Richard Davis
Save you become a paid-up
reader of The Eagle ?
I It's a Pleasure
1 to have
| Your Printing!
JUSt as yon like it.
If you are discriminating In your tastes '<<
^ you will appreciate Iho neat, nrtistlcjj
z mid appropriate stylos adopted In
The  Eagle's
Job Office.
We havo mm lo Improved facilities and \
know Ikiw to use them. Wo tan do all <
the printing iu this entire district, Iff
\ strict attention to orders wjll secure tt,,
| Prices Consistent
with the
Quality of Work
Try uk with your lioitt order.
Mull orders promptly llllcd.
The Lardeau Eagle,;
<
Ferguson, B. C! V
SOCIALISM DEFINED.
Readers pf tho Eaule will notice
that tho word "socialisui" is sometimes
iised in these columns. To thoso who
havo read socialist books and papers
.its.meaning is clear enough; this note
is tor those who have not. There has
���been much prejudice against the word
by those who do not know what it
means, but this prejudice is dying
out.
Socialism does not mean violence; it
means a revolution, but a legal revolution by the votes of the people.
Socialism does not mean ''dividing
up;" it means running the*railroads,
tho trusts, etc., in the interest of the
whole people, with all the poople own
ing them together.
Socialism does not mean to abolish
private property in the things people
use; on the contrary, it means to let
nlno-tentbsdiave much more than thoy
can got now, and to let tbe other tenth
have as much as they huve any real
use for.
And, lastly, socialism does not have
to wait until every one is angelic and
unselfish before It can be a fact. It is
coming, soon because tho working
people, who are nine-tenths of all tho'
people, will come to see that it will be
a good thing for thorn. If you who
read this note are one of the working
people, you ought to read some of the
books on socialism, and you will see
that it will be a good thing for you.
NEVER IN THE HISTORY OF
ip^^Ki^i]
WHY EIGHT HOIIltS.
Because with the present long-hour
day many are unemployed, and the man
on the street fixes the wages paid to
theoman at work.
The price of labor is regulated by
the supply. Eight hours would reduce
the supply.
Labor saving machinery has Increased the producing capacity of
workmen, who In justice should be
afforded more leisure.
The eight hour day would increase
the longevity of the workers.
It would give greater opportunity
for social and educational development.
It would raise the standard of living,
upon which prosperity depends.
It would give men a chance to get
acquainted with their families.
It would promote temperance by
removing the desire for stimulants
whioh comos from long hours of labor.
It would make better citizens by
giving the citizens more timo to understand his duties.
It would help tlie taxpayer by putting the tramp at work.
It would promote an independent
spirit, which is lacking In over-worked
people.
It would build up trade unions, and
concentrated oit'ort is tho law of
success in tbo militant world of
Industry.
It would open up tbe road to every
desirable social reform.
Horses
and Freighting
Business For Sale
v 	
Three stages and ten head of horses,
with mail contract in connection.
Fifteen head of saddlo horses with
saddles.
Twenty head of freight horses with
five freight wagons; ore Bleighs
and all necessary rigging, extra
stables at Thomson's Landing,
Trout Lake City and Ferguson.
Will sell any purl of tlio nliove to still purchaser.
For particulars, write
Craig & Hillman,
THOMSON'S LANDING.
The Lardeau District
HAS THERE BEEN SO MANY MEN EMPLOYED, OR SO MUCH DEVELOPMENT GOING ON.
THE LARDEAU WILL HAVE AT LEAST
A Dozen Shippers This Winter
��4
n-m
" With the advent of a railway over One
Hundred properties within a radius of ten
miles of Ferguson could become shippers
in three months' time."
Ferguson is the Hub
AND  THERE  IS   NO  CAMP IN BRITISH COLUMBIA WHICH PRODUCES
SUCH   HIGH-GRADE   ORES  AND   WONDERFUL   SURFACE   SHEWINGS.
Ferguson is the supply point
k
FOR THE NORTH AND SOUTH FORKS OF THE LARDEAU. BEING
BEAUTIFULLY LOCATFD ON A NATURAL TOWNSITE BENCH,
RIGHT AT THE FORKS; THE NETTIE L. AND GREAT NORTHERN
HILLS, AND ALSO THE NORTHERN PORTION
of the Lardo=Duncan country.
1
Editor!   N.H. FANNING.   ,
Associate: John ISmory McLean.
Tills famous magazine l�� now publtsued hi
Now York.
It is nn absolutely free mid ludopoudont
Journal ot the first class, presenting both sides
ot the leading questions ��' tlio nay ���rom the
pens of tiie best wrltors, ...      ,
Progressive mid vigorous, yei scholarly and
���jilji to I..It ihotilcj bo road by every one
Sollrbusof obtaining up-to-date Information.
It is Indlsponsable lo ovory advanced mind.
yr> Cents a Copy,
t)l),80 a Veoi
At all now��tand��,'or post-paid by the pnbllsbc
THR ARBNA COMPANY,
"Life" "Ids.,   NJiW YOI1K, N. V.
tlonsstrietiyconnaBiiuai. u.u��uuu.uu..
sent free. Oldest nmnoy for snourlmiu>att
Patents t����en tiranih Mujn A Co. n
nreUU notice, without cliarge, In tbe
Scientific American.
A hsndsomolr llmstrsted weekljr. !*"���".?'-
oulotloii of any sriantiao Iirariud. Terns, W s
year: four months, II. Bold byall newsdealers.
*Bi��KvrsSsle��
Ferguson is the Payroll
... Centre *,.
ALL MINING MEN MAKE FERGUSON THEIR HEADQUARTERS WHILE IN THE DISTRICT. SUPPLIES
IN ANY QUANTITY CAN BE PROCURED IN -FERGUSON CHEAPER THAN ON THE OUTSIDE, AS THE
LOCAL MERCHANTS PROCURE LOWER FREIGHT RATES. FERGfUSON l�� NOT A ROOM TOWN,
BUT HAS BEEN STEADILY GROWING SINCE 1897. THERE NEVER. WAS ':' .MORE OPPORTUNE
TIME TO BUY FERGUSON REAL ESTATE OK INVEST IN THE CAMP'S MINERAL PROPERTIES THAN
RIGHT NOW.      WITH A RAILWAY PRICES WILL TAKE A SHARP RISE.
Come Straight to Ferguson
The Rossland-Nelson of the Lardeau.
1
���
Come and see the town and district for yourself.
They will stand investigation.     BUY NOW.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE OR APPLY.TO
:
W.N, BRAYTON,
M8NRY FLOYD,
r
GENERAL AGENT.
LOCAL AGENT,
gagaggflBgBgaiSMg
mwm$l\il'.    ' Cas
(Continued from page Three. )
ing in those parts would have to make
�� long and expensive journey to reach
aqclace where a judge was located. As
to the remarks of the Hon. Leader of
(the Opposition, he agreed that it was
the duty of the Attorney-General's Delia" t nen t to prosecute any cases of
fraud, where alliens went before the
courts and made affidavit to the effect
that they had lived a certain time in
the country and had not done so. He
might say that he had given instructions with reference to that already.
Jn reply to a question asked the other
day as to what would be done where a
number of aliens had made Explication
to be- naturalised before the proper
time, he had replied that it was the intention of the Attorney-General's Department to go into the matter very
thoroughly, and if any of such applicants had made false affidavits thoy
were to be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.
Mil. CURTIS was very glad to hear
the assurances that had fallen from
the lips of the Attorney-General with
regard to this matter. From newspaper
reports he gathered that a number of
applications for naturalisation by Chinese and Japanese had been made away
up in 'Chilliwack, and according to the
reports in many of these cases, the applicants did not understand the words
read to them at all. He thought that
3�� tho investigation to be carried on by
the Department of the Attorney-General special attention should be paid
to that fact and that the Justices of the
Peace who had certified in these coses
���should be vory closely examined as to
whether tlie Individuals who came before them clearly understood what they
were swearing to or if a number of Justice;* of the Peace were .lending themselves to these fraudulent naturalisation schemes.
HON. MR. McBRIDE: "I cannot allow these remarks to pa3s unnoticed.
It setms to be insinuated by what has
been said, that a number of justices of
the peace around Chilliwack have been
lending themselves to securing irregular naturalisation."
MR. CURTIS said that while the applications were made before these justices of the peace, they might, perhaps,
���have beon sworn to and signed by a
judge elsewhere;   say in Atlin.   ,
HON. MR. McBRIDE remarked that
that would, of course, alter the statement somewhat. He personally knew
several justices of the peace up thero,
and he felt sure that they would not
lend themselves to anything of that
kind. He was pleased to see that the
Hon. Leader of the Opposition had
somewhat climbed down from the position which he had taken In this House
Tor two sessions at least regarding matters of this kind. When he (Hon. Mr.
McBride) had brought forward a resolution dealing with the fisheries In
the Province he had received a severe
castlgation from hia hon. friend, al-
through it appeared to him that it
would have gone just as far toward remedying the evil complained of here,
���as the resolution which the hon. gentleman was supporting at the present moment. He ventured to think that the
soothing influence of the hon. member
lor North Nanaimo had had something
to do with this change of front In his
hon. friend. With reference to the resolution, he thought that what the Hon.
Attorney-General said should be seriously thought of. That was in the
case of pert-ons residing some distance
from the courts it might possibly work
hardship upon them. For in-tance, a
man might have to travel from Stiklne
to Victoria to be naturalised, a long
journey and an expensive one. No
matter where a Justice of the peace was
a man could go before him and make
affidavit, but he must have that submitted before ho became naturalised.
J'orhaps that was a phase of the question one might study -before passing
this resolution as it stood.
MR. 'McPHILLIPS observed that the
Hon. Leader of the Opposition, when in
power, cancelled the commission, and
one would have thought that these Jus-
4 ices of the peace would have been im-
ti.aculatc. Now an argument was advanced by the hon. member for Rossland that these justices of the peace
were not discharging their duty properly. Under the circumstances, he
thought It only proper to refer to the
circumstances under which these Justices were called into office. For years
they had been responsible men throughout the country, gentlemen of high
character and Intelligence and education. They had been justices of the
peace for years, but notwithstanding
all they had done in the interests of the
country, they were ruthlessly dismissed	
MR. MARTIN rose to a point of order. \He had no objections to his hon.
friend  going    into   thai;    subject, but
about $50 per head to reach a Judge to
secure their papers. Practically it
would debar them from exercising the
franchise.
-MR. OLIVER said that there was an
impression abroad that more Chinese
and Japanese had been naturalised during the past nine months than there
were in the Province altogether two
years ago, and that led to the idea that
there was something wrong with the
naturalisation procedure. He thought
the justices of t'he peace should not
have the duty of examining persons for
naturalisation imposed upon them. He
considered that there sihould not only
be an Investigation as proposed by the
Attorney-General, but that these naturalisation papers should only be granted
by >a judge of the County or Supreme
Court.    He supported the resolution.
MR. KIDD thought It would be bet
ter to have the matter left in the hands
of the Government, seeing that the
Hon. Attorney-General had stated that
there would be an investigation in regard to it. He believed himself that
there was good ground for the impression that quite a number of Japanese
had been naturalised through misrepresentation in some way, but he thought
it would be well if the hon. gentleman
withdrew his resolution, and gave the
Government time to act in the matter
to determine whether there was really
anything wrong or not.
Mil. GILMOUR considered that the
present Law needed Improvement. The
change foreshadowed In the resolution
might inPict hardship upon some persons, but he thought the exigencies of
the case demanded some such change.
He hoped the Government would, as indicated by the Attorney-General, take
steps in this matter without delay, to
find out whether these Japanese employed1 on the Fraser River fisheries
were properly naturalised citizens or
not.
Tho n otion was then put and the
House divided upon the question as
follows:
For the resolution: Messrs. Mclnnes,
Gilmour, E. C. Smith, Oliver, Curtis,
R. Smith, Houston, McPhillips, Helmcken. Turner, Eberts, Clifford, Fulton,
Hayward, Garden, Tatlow, McBride,
Pooley, Murphy, Rogers, Taylor and
Dickie.���22.
Against the resolution: Messrs. Kldd,
Neill, A. W. Smith, Ellison, Prentice,
Mounce.���7.
Weils
QUESTIONS.
Mr. Curtis asked the Hon. Finance
Minister tho following questions:
1. Whai are the approximate revenue receipts from ordinary sources for
the fiscal year, ending June 30th, 1900?
2. What is the approximate expenditure for ordinary purposes for the same
period?
2. Will the Public Accounts for the
past fiscal year be laid before the House
during the present session?
The Hon. Mr. Turner replied as follows:
"1.   $1,527,000.
2, $1,780,000.
3. No;   cannot he got ready."
Mr. Gilmour asked the Hon. Attorney-General the following questions:
1. 'Have any steps been taken by the
Government in connection with the injunction against building a saw-mill
on Deadman's Island?
2. If not. Is it the intention of the
Govon.n ent to take any action in the
met ter, and, if so, when?
The Hon. Mr. Eberts replied as follows:
"1. An action Is now -pending respecting this matter.
2. An action is now pending respect-
inc this matter/'
���Mr. Mclnnes pointed out that the reply to Mr. Gilmour's question was not
satisfactory. The question referred
to tho injunction and oailled for a simple answei yes or no. He hoped ttie
Attorney-General would see fit to furnish the answer called for to-morrow.
IN   COMMITTEE  OF  THE  WHOLE.
The House went into Committee of
the Whole when the Bill to amend the
Judgments Act was again committed
and reported complete with amendments On motion, the Bill was read
a third lime and Anally passed.
Th* Biill relating to Succession Duties vas also taken up In Committee of
the Whole and reported up complete
without amendments. It stands for its
third reading to-morrow.
OFFICIAL ADMINISTRATORS' ACT
PASSES.
The Act to amend the Official Administrators' Act was read a third time
and finally passed.
THE   MUNICIPAL   COMMITTEE.
Nominations were then received from
Mr. Dunsmuir and Mr. Martin for members of the Municipal Committee. Upon the suggestion of Mr. Martin seven
members were appointed to this Committee.    They were: Messrs. Helmcken,
thought It only fair, If he did go into it..
he should do so on a motion that would (Garden. .Murphy, McPhllllps, Brown
admit of a reply from him. It was a| M-Clroes, and Oliver,
direct attack upon him. The hon.'RAILWAY CHARTER AMENDMENT
gentleman was bringing it forward,! The Vancouver & Westminster Rail-
dragging It in by the feet, when he j way Bfll was then taken up in Commlt-
knew he was not able to defend him- i tee of the Whole, when
self. Otherwise he would not raise the; ,Mr. Curtis moved the following aim-
point Of order, as he was perfectly will- j endinent, which he explained he would
ing to discuss the matter al any time, peek to have Incorporated In all the
MR. SPEAKER held that the hon. j several railway charters now before
Gentleman was rather out of order.       Ithe House:
MR. McPHILLIPS proceeded to ar- j    "(a)   The mortgages or bonds issued
gue that he was in order, a point upon 'by the Company shall not bear a higher
which the Spenker again corrected him, I rate of interest than five per centum
and finally alluding to the resolution, ] per annum, and the face value of such
said he hftd no fault to find with it.     j mortgages and bonds shall not In the
MR. NEILL proposed to vote against j aggregate exceed the fair cost price of
the resolution.    He thought the House | the whole of the Company's corporeal
was a little too much given to passing  property when its undertaking is corn-
resolutions   without sufficiently inves- f pleted ready for operation;
tigating their character.    This resolu-      <b)   The powers granted to the aaid
tion proposed something about the Chi- ComDany shall be subject to such con-
nese, and therefore, the House was to  dilions for securing such running pow-
proceed  to vote for It automatically,  ers or traffic arrangements and other
The terms of the resolution, If acte<l 1 rights as will afford all reasonable fa-
upon.   Wi��uld  infiiot a grave injustice | duties, and equal mileage rates, to all
upon perse ns in his constituency. There  railways  -connecting   with   the   Corn-
were a considerable number of Danes pany*s lines m the Lieuteojant-Gover-
and  'Swedes  there,   deserving  people,, nor-ln-Oounell determines:
aome of whom had been naturalised al-     (c)   The Provincial Government shall
ready and some'of whom were about to  have the right ten years from tfae pass-
acek naturalisation.    The effect of this Ing of this Act, upon giving one year's
resolution would place them at a serl- notlct* of its Intention so to do, to pur-
OMsdlaadvint*jrf.A,8 it would cost them chase   all   the   Company'*   property,
rights and franchises at the fair market value of its corporeal property, together with such bonus (if any) not
exceeding ten per cent, of such market
value as the Government may agree
to i>ay:
(d) The purchase, lease or right to
use any lands, belonging to the Province- shall, notwithstanding anything
contained in. or required or permitted
by, any other act to the contrary, be
valid only upon a contract being entered into by the Company with the Provincial Government, containing such
terms and conditions as the Lieutenant-
Governor-in-CouncU may see fit to Impose, and the same to be signed on behalf of the Provincial Government by
such member or members of tite Executive Council of the Province as the
Lieutenant-Govern or-in-Counc II' may
designate,'
This amendment was taken up section
by section and discussed at length. In
this connection
Mr. 'Curtis intimated' that he was willing to withdraw that portion of it referring to the rate of interest on mortgages or'tends, saying that he Intended
subsequently to move for an amendment, covering that in the Railway Act.
Section (b) passed without opposition,
but a leng and animated discussion
arose upon Section (c), at which stage
the Committee rose and reported progress.
.Mr. Helmcken also had an amendment to propose to this Bill, one provision of which gave the Company the
right to'build branch lines "not exceeding 20 mileB in a direct line from the
main line of ir&'llway."     To this
Mr. Martin raised objection that this
proposition should have been made before the Railway Committee, where
reasons could have been heard from
those representing the Company for the
request. He could not see the necessity of 20 -mile franchises to a road
which was only 12 or 15 miles long. The
amendment was allowed to lie over, and
will probably come up at the next sitting of the Committee.
The House adjourned until 2 o'clock
to-morrow.
SEVENTEENTH   DAY.
Victoria, August 14.
The House met at 2 o'clock p. m.
Mr. Helmcken. Chairman, reported
from the Committee on Private Bills
respecting an Act to Incorporate the
Grand Forks & Kettle River Railway
Company. This Bill was reported to
the House on July 31st last, but owing
to some oversight was not introduced.
The Committee recommended that leave
be granted to inroduce the Bill and that
double fees be not exacted. The report was adopted, and the Bill was introduced, read a first time and referred to the Railway Committee.
QUESTIONS.
Mr. Stables asked the Hon. Minister
of Mines the following question:
In the event of a hydraulic lease being granted covering ground held by individual free miners, and in the event
of said claims lapsing in any way, who
is entitled to the said claims, the Crown
or the lease-holder?
Hon. Mr. McBride replied as follows:
"The claim reverts to the Crown."
IMr. Stables asked the Hon, Minister
of .Mines the following Questions:
1. Has a gold commissioner power to
issue an Injunction against a free miner and stop him from working his claim
when complaint is laid against said
free miner for any cause?
2. If not, to what extent does his
power extend in the matter of settling
disputes that may arise from time to
time among free miners?
Hon. Mr. McBride replied as follows;
sale or in any of the proceedings relating thereto, or any proceedings having
relation to the assessment of the land,
but a certificate shall be furnished by
the proper officer of the Government or
the municipality showing the years for
which there were taxes due and in arrears for which the land was sold at
such sale, and the Registrar shall,
where practicable, procure an affidavit
or statutory declaration from the person who conduoted the tax sale, stating
that the same was openly -and fairly
conducted, and he shall also cause to
be served upon all persons appearing
to be the persons who, other than the
tax purchaser or his assigns, are interested In such lands a notice requiring them, within the time limited by
Buch notice, to contest the claim of the
tax purchaser; and in default of a caveat or certificate of lis pendens belrig
filed within the time so limited, or before the registration as owner of the
person entitled under the tax sale, or
his assigns, all persons- so served with
notice shall be forever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim to
or in respect of the land so sold for
taxes, and the Registrar shall register
the person entitled under such tax sale,
or his assigns, as owner of the land
so sold for taxes.
Section S hereof shall not apply to
any title in litigation at the time of
the passing of this Act."
The Committee ro3e and reported the
Bill complete with amendments.
The Bill to amend the Act relating
to Succession Duties was read a third
time and finally massed.
THE GREENWOOD CITY BILL.
Hon. Mr. Eberbs moved the fcecond
reading of the Bill to confirm nie assessment roll of the City of Greenwood
for the year 1900. He explained that
some doubts had arisen as to the legality of the assessment roll of that place,
and the BUI was introduced at the re-
Quest of the Mayor of the city.
Mr. Kldd asked if after the passage
of this BUI appeals could be made on
the merits of the assessment before its
confirmation by the Legislature?
Hon. Mr. Eberts said he did not know
that there had been any appeals. There
was one case of objection to the legalising of the rolls by a party who claimed
that his property was over-taxed, but
the measure was apparently desired by
the great majority of the ratepayers of
the city.
The Bill wns taken up and passed In
Committee of the Whole, after which
It was read a third time and finally
passed.
COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE.
Consideration of the Bill to Incorporate the Vancouver & Westminster Railway Company, was continued in Committee of the Whole, when the discussion upon the amendments proposed by
Mr. Curtis, as reported yesterday, was
proceeded with. The following section
was the first to be dealt with:
"(c) The . Provincial Government
shall have the right ten years from the
passing of this Act, upon giving one
year's notice of its Intention so to do,
to purchase all the Company's property,
rights and franchises at the fair niaik t
value of its corporeal property, together with such bonus (if any) not exceeding ten per cent, of such market j
value as the Government may agree to I
pay."
Mr. McPhillips opposed the amendment on the ground that it would tend
to retard railway development in the
Province, and
Mr. Hunter considered it too Indefinite ae to tbe manner in which a fair
market value was to be determined.
Mr. Curtis and Mr. Mclnnes argued '
that, locking to the possibility of Gov-
1.   A gold commissioner has no pow- errment ownership of railway , th�� a:n-
er to issue an injunction. The powers
of a gold commissioner in regard to the
working of a mine are defined by Section 110 of the 'Mineral Act.'
The powers of a gold commissioner
in this behalf are defined by Part V.
of the 'Mineral Act.' "
Mr. Curl Is asked the Hon. Minister
of Finance the following questions:
1. The names of all persons or oor-
norations who received a rebate or refund on timber dues on account of timber expo, ted, during the fiscal yaar ending June 30th, 1900?
The amount of such refund in each
case, so far as known?
���3. What proportion of the dues fixed
bv Statute was refunded?
4. By what authority was such rebate made?
G. Is it the Intention of the Government to provide if necessary, by a new
Order In Council that all licensees or
leaseholders employing in their timber
business Chinese or Japanese shall not
be entitled to such rebate?
Hon. Mr. Turner replied as follows:
"1 and 2. Brunette Saw-Will Company, $2,172.67; 'Moodyville Lands &
Saw-Mill Company, $3,408.9!); British
Columbia Mills, Timber & Trading
Company, S5.452.34; J. A. Sayward, $57-
G4; William Tytler Lumber Company,
$96.15; William L. Talt, $161.06; Splcer
Shingle Mill Company, $565.94; Canadian Pacific Lumber Company, $338.37;
E. 'H. .Heaps & Company, JSO0.C4; Archibald McNair, $44.62; Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company, $1,477.52;
Thomas Kirkpatrick, $242.12; Pacific
Coast Lumber Company, $264.05; total,
$15,088.11.
3. One-half of the royalty due on
timber exported.
4. By authority of Section 70 of the
Land Act* and Orders-in-Councll dealing therewith.
5. I must decline to answer this question, on the ground that it asks for a
statement of Government poJlicy. which
the Government is not prepared to
make in reply to a question."
BILLS   PASSED.
On the motion for the third reading
of the Land Registry Bill, Hon. Mr.
Eberts moved that the Bill be recommitted for the purpose of amendment
The Sill was thereupon taken up In
Committee of the Whole, when the following clauses were added as Sections
I and ��;
"In the case of applications under
tax sale", the Registrar shall not take
endment was a step in the right dlrec-1
tion. A long and lively debate took
place in which the political history of
the hustings was invoked to show how
one and another member stood Upon
the question of Government owners-hip
of lailway.-. Eventually the amendment was voted down by a straight
party vote, Messrs. Houston, McNeill,
R. Smith and Munro voting with the
Opposition.
Discussion then turned upon Section
(d) providing that, "the purchase, lease
or right to use any lands belonging to
theProvlnce shall,notwithstanding anything contained in, or required or permitted by, any other act to the contrary, be valid only upon a contract
being entered into by the Company with
the Provincial Government, containing
such terms and conditions as the Lieu-
tenant-Governor-In-Council may see fit
to impose, and the Fame to be signed on
behalf of the Provincial Government by
Buch member or members of the Executive Council of the Province as the
Lleutenant-Governor-in-Council mav
designate."
Mr, Curtis said that the adoption of
this section would, while not specifically referring to the employment of Chinese ond Japanese, enable the Government to make a contract that would
accomplish their exclusion. This he
held was certainly In line with the policy enunciated by the Conservative
Leader, Mr. Charles Wilson, and if gentlemen supporting the Government were
anxious that such a policy should be
consummated, he did not see how they
could withhold their support from this
amendment.
Mr. McPhillips raised a point of order, holding that the amendment dealt
with the manner in which Crown lands
should be disposed of or administered,
a matter which belonged to the Crown.
It was infringing on the Government
prerogative.
Mr. Curtis and IMr. Brown argued
contra. There was nothing in the amendment instructing how such lands
were to be purchased or leased, or in
any wav conflicting with the Crown's
prerogative.
The Chairman (Mr. Kldd) held that
the amendment waB out of order.
Mr. Curtis appealed from the decision
of the Chair, whereupon a question waa
raised as to the right to appeal, and a
debate upon Parliamentary procedure
ensued. It waa at length decided that
the appeal was in order, and Mr. Speaker was called In.    Mr. Speaker decided
notice of Any  Irregularity in the tax  that the amendment was out of order.
Section (b) owing to are-arrangement,
of the sections on the order paper waa
mistakenly reported as being adopted
yesterday. This section was really
withheld to be proposed to another portion of the Act, and was only submitted
to day, when It was voted down, so
that the whole four sections of Mr. Curtis' amendments were defeated.
The Vancouver City Charter was then.
taken up in Committee and the wearisome' task of reading through Its
clauses begun.
On Clause 3, dealing with the constriction of the wards of the City, coming up, discussion arose between Mr.
Martin, Mr. Gilmour, Mr. Garden and
others as to the number of wards to be
constituted, and It was left over for
further consideration. The Committee-
rose. |
ESTIMATES.
The Estimates for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1901, were laid on the
table of the House.
THE BUDGET SPEECH.
Hon. Mr. Turner announced that the
Budget Speech would be delivered on
Thursday next.
Th? House adjourned until 2 o'clock::
to-morrow. ,
EIGHTEENTH   DAY.
Victoria, August 11
The House met at 2 o'clock p. m.
Mr. A. W. Smith, Chairman of the-
Mining Committee, submitted the following amendments to the "'Mineral
Act":
Section 8. "Mineral Act":
"Every person who mines for any
minerals for hi3 own sole use and benefit on any Crown lands in tne Province
of British Columbia without having
taken out and obtained a Free Miner's
Certificate shall, on conviction thereof
In a summary way, forfeit and pay a
penalty not exceeding $25, besides
costs."
Section 25B be repealed and the following substituted therefor:
"25B. Upon the failure of any one of
several co-owners to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required by
Section 24 of this Act, the co-owner or
co-owners who have performed the labor or made the expenditure may, at
the expiration of the year, give such
delinquent co-owner notice by publication in a newspaper published and circulating in the division In which the
claim is situated, or, in the absence of
such local paper, in the one nearest
thereto, tor at least once a week for
90 days, and if at the expiration of the
90 days of publication such delinquent
should fall or refuse to contribute his
proportion of the expenditure required
by said 'Section 24, together with all
costs of advertising, his interest in the
claim shall become vested In his co-
owners who have made the required ex-#
pcndKure, pro rata, according to their
former interests, on the filing with the
Miring Recorder of the division In
wnlch the claim is situated such notice-
in full, and there shall be attached
thereto an affidavit of the manager or
publisher of the newspaper in which the
notice was printed, stating the date of
the first, Ian and each insertion of such
notice therein, and where and when
the newspaper was published during
that time, and the name of such newspaper. Such notice shall be recorded,
as aforesaid within 120 days after the
first publication thereof."
Section 127 be repealed and the following substituted therefor:
"127. The owner of a mineral claim
who has had his claim surveyed, anal
has filed In the office of the Mining Recorder in the Mining Division in which
the claim is situated a declaration by
a Provincial Land Surveyor stating that
ho has surveyed the claim as required
by Sub-section (c) of Section 36 of this
Act, and has delivered'two copies of the
plat of the claim and a copy of the original field-notes, and delivered two copies of the plat and one copy of the field-
notes to the owner, then the owner of
such claim shall be entitled to have the
cost of such survey, not to exceed $100,
counted as work done on the claim, as
requited by Section 24 of this Act."
Sub-section (h) of Section 36 of Chapter 135 of the Revised Statutes, 1897, is
hereby repealed, and the following inserted in lieu thereof:
"(h) Twenty days after the expiration of the term of the said publication,
unless a notice that an action has been
commenced and a copy of the writ in
such action have been filed in the office -
of 'the Mining Recorder in the (Mining
Division in which the claim is situated,,
the Mining Recorder shall forward to
the owner or agent, under Form I of
the schedule to this Act, the documents
referred to above, together with a certificate that the notice provided by Section 36, Subsection rd). has been posted in his office, and the field-notes and plan deposited for reference therein from the-
da'te of the first appearance of the said'
notice In the "British Columbia Oaa-
ette," and continuously therefrom for a
period of at least 60 days. The recorder shall also set out In Form I the
name of the vecordel owner of the claim
at the date of signing the same."
The report was received.
RIVAL   RAILROADS.
MR. POOLEY, Chairman of the Railway Committee, presented' the following report:
"Your Select Standing Committee on-
Railways begs leave to report as follows:
The preamble not proved of Bill (No.
16) intituled 'An Act to Incorporate the
Lake 'Eennett Railway,* on the grounds
that the expediency of the said railway
has not been satisfactorily shown, and
that It is against the Interests of this
Province to grant the charter prayed
for at the present time."
Upon -the motion that the report be
received.
MR. STABLES rose and moved In
amendment, seconded by MR.. McINNES,
That all the words after "that" bo
struck out, and the following substituted-. "The report be not received, but be
referred back to the Railway Committee, with instructions to pass the preamble." -   n
5
#
MR. STABLES said that he did this
on behalf of his constituents. The people of that district were unanimous* In
the wish to have that country opened
up by further railway construction, and
he thought it but just and fair that the
matter should be fully discussed, and
that good and sufficient cause should
be shown why the preamble of this
3111 should not pass. There was no
���doubt that the people of that district
paid exorbitant railway rates at the
.present time, and in their behalf fie
asked that the Bill be referred back to
the Committee.
HON. MR. TURNER said he thought
it waa known to the House that the
policy of the Government in connection
with railways had been defined by the
^statement that It objected to anv railway charter which would have a terminus in foreign territory. It was op-
Dosed to this in the belief that to entourage such lines would have the effect
of preventing the construction of an
ell-Canadian route; and It was felt
that the energies of this Province should
be devoted to securing such a road. He
thought it had already been stated in
the Railway Committee that it was
the policy of the Government to discourage any railway, which would carry
the trade of a part of Canada to an
American port, where regulations were
in effect to the disadvantage of Canada, and which regulations might be
increased to the detriment of the merchants of British Columbia; and the
trade interests of the Province. He felt
sure that, though such a railway might
for a time apparently prove beneficial,
it would in the long run operate adversely to the interests of the Province
i��nd the Dominion at large, and it would
have the effect at any rate, of retarding
the progress of railways which would
have their terminus In British Columbia in connection with those important
districts to which, reference had been
made.    As to the question of exorbitant
��� charges which the hon. gentleman had
alluded to, by the railway at present
operating In  that    country,  he  knew
���something about that, although not Interested in the road In anyway. There
was this fact to be considered however,
If a proposition had been made to the
merchants of Victoria and Vancouver
and the people of the Province generally, 'to the effect that that road could
have only been built, with assistance
from the public coffers, the people
would have been willing to grant very
tstrong concessions', rather than be without the railway, even at the rates
charged to-day. ��� There was no question
about that. As to the rates being exorbitant, he believed if this were really
���so, and representations were made to
the proper quarter, they might receive
consideration, but he felt that a company that had had the enterprise to
���construct a road through that country,
Ai a large expenditure of money, should
not have the rewards of its enterprise aken away from It. He would
like to Pee it make money. He
thoight if that feeling were more gen-
��� erally exhibited there it would be calculated to encourage other enterprises
��� of a like nature. He thought the nollcy
of the Government was" more in relation
to the fact -that It should not encourage
the building up of a foreign port to the
���detriment of the Province of British
Columbia. He knew that was the policy which the Premier had announced,
and he waa very strong on that question.
MR. McINNES observed that the
Hon. Minister of Finance had' just informed the House that the Premier
had anrounced a policy on this subject, and that certain statements had
been made In the Railway Committee
indicating that policy. So far as be was
aware, and he was a member of the
Railway Committee, he had not
heard any statement of policy from the
Premier either directly or indirectly,
made there. As to the question before
them he thought they would all agree
that It was a very serious matter to
refuse the right to any persons to en-
! gage in such an enterprise in this Province, and he thought It was far more
���serious In view of the circumstances
���-surrounding this case, in which an attempt had been made to smother that
enterprise tn a corner of the Parliament Buildings. What were the cir-
-cums'tances? At the present time there
was but one railway over the passes
���Into the Yukon and Atlin districts. The
whole of that great country va�� contributing to that railway, and the result waa, that being in a position to
���monopoliBe the whole of that trade,
they were able to charge excessive
rates, and that they did charge excessively there was not the shadow of a
doult- The ordinary rate he believed
was $60 per ton. Now they knew as a
matter of fact that freight could be
brought from Montreal to Victoria, a
distance of about 3,000 miles, for $14
per ton. Yet this railway, the White
Pa'is Company, which was attacking the
application before the House, was
charging $60 per ton for carrying
freight 41 miles. It was therefore clearly shown that the rates were not only
excessive, but out of all reason. It
had been shown In the 'Railway Committee, he thought to the satisfaction
of every one present, that the White
Pass Ccmpany had a decided tendency
to monopolise every means of transportation Into that country. There was
a little foot-trail there, called Bracket's Trail. The Company immediately purchased It. There was another
means of transportation by an air line,
���the Dyea Tramway, over the Chllkoot
Pars. The Company also purchased
that. The result was that at the pre-
-eent time there was little, if any, competition in the Atlin District, and so
far as the Klondike was concerned, the
only possible competition was the
round-about means via St. Michael and
the Yukon River, which In the nature
of things was a very unsatisfactory
competition with the White Pass Railway. Under these circumstances, the
present applicant, the Lake Bennett
Company, came before the House and
asked for a charter for the purpose of
building a rival railway over the Chllkoot Pass so as to give relief to the
people of the Atlin District against the
present exceiaMve freight charges.     It
would naturally be thought that there
should be no opposition to such an application. More especially In view of
the well understood proposition drilled
Into them above everything else, that
It was necessary for Parliament to do
everything possible to encourage the
Investment of capital and the building
of railways in this Province. Yet
strange to say the very members who
had spoken most loudly along those
lines had been the first and foremost
In the present instance to defeat this
application and to pevent people from
Investing In railways In the Province.
It was but fair to say, however, that
they had not held these opinions always. There was a time when they
believed It was a good thing to have
competition to this White Pass Railway. In fact during the early stages
of the consideration of this BUI In the
Railway Committee, they entertained
those views. But, at the conclusion
of one of the sitting* In that Committee, the Chairman produced a letter,
and	
M'R. SPEAKER reminded 'Mr. (Mclnnes that It was not permissible to refer
to what took place In Committee.
MR. McINNES agreed that it was
not right to make such allusions, before the Committee reported to the
House, but that report had now been
made.
MR. SPEAKER Insisted that personal references should be excluded.
M)R. McINNES continued saying that
up to a certain stage some hon. members of theft Committee were in favor
of granting this application, and then
suddenly Upon the production of a mysterious I missive from the Premier,
those gentlemen faced right about in
their attitude and opposed that which
they were prepared to support Just before.
MR. SPEAKER suugested that no
particulars should be given.
M!R. 'McINNES-proceeded to ask what
the, reason of this change of front was.
It was because the Government had
outlined a policy upon the question and
declared that the application could not
be granted. Now he was not surprised that the Government heretofore In
this- House had not seen fit to declare
its policy. They had had discussions
lately upon a great many subjects, and
the Government had persistently refrained from expressing any opinion
with regard to them. Instead of that
It put up a couple of pliable members
In this House to make statements
which it did not itself like to take the
responsibility for. It Its policy upon
all these other matters was in line
with the policy enunciated with regard
to the present question, he rather admired its discretion, for It could not
be doubted that no policy could be formulated upon that particular subject
which was more diametrically opposed
to the best Interests of this country
than the policy just announced by the
Finance Minister. But that policy was
not a new policy In this country nor in
this House. The policy of standing by
monopolists whenever tl-ey insisted, to
prevent relief to the public from exorbitant charges of railways; that was
exactly Ip tune with the policy with
which this country was familiar. Thai
was the policy which dominated the
Turner Government. That was the
policy that had been associated with
Dunsmulrism throughout this country
for years past, and that was the policy
which they had much In view in this
country to-day, conceal It as much as
the Government wished to. Now what
was the reason the Government had
foi* not granting this charter? The
onf statement which In any way con-
vei'ed a reason was that It might In
son��� way retard the construction of
the all-Canadian route. If there was
any Immediate prospect of the construction of an all-Canadian route that
argument might have some weight, but
he submitted that there was absolutely
no prospect, in the sense of an -immediate and rea?onab!e prospect, of an
all-Canadian route being built through
British Columbia, because an all-Canadian' route starting on the Coast at
Kltimaat Arm, and following Teslin
Lake would be some 450 miles long and
In the nature of things could not compete with a line only 41 miles In length.
Consequently, It would be absolutely
Impossible to find business men ready
to put their money Into the construction of such a railroad, in competition
with the existing White Pass Railway.
The result would be that before such
a railway could be constructed it would
have to receive enormous subsidies
from this Government and the Government at Ottawa. What was the prospect of such subsidies being granted?
So far as this province was concerned
It was possible that this House would
irrant a subsidy to the extent say of
$4,000 per mile. That would be the
outside limit. But the bulk of the subsidy for the construction of an all-
Canadian route -must come from the
Dominion Government and unless the
Dominion Government was prepared
to grant something like $10,000 per mile
then that road would never be built-
Now was there any man of common
sense who would believe that the Dominion Government would grant a subsidy of $10,000 per mile towards the
construction of that line? Certainly
no one who had any knowledge of the
feeling of the Government at Ottawa,
and of the members of the Ottawa
House, would contemplate for one moment that that Parliament would be
disposed to grant such a subsidy as
$10,000 towards the construction of an
all-Canadian route Into that country.
He therefore saw no immediate prospect of such a road. There was another reason why the authorities at
Ottawa would not be prepared Immediately at all events, to outlay money
In connection with the construction of
an all-Canadian route, and that was
that such a course would destroy their
chances of success in the arbitration
between Canada and the United States,
with regard to the boundary question;
and for this reason. The contention:
of Canada and Great Britain was that
these very ports of Dyea and Skagway
were within British territory. If they
were to go to work and largely subsidise a road altogether through Cana
dian territory, as at present defined, it
would certainly appear very much as
ii they gave up all hope of acquiring
Skagway or Dyea. Consequently, until It was absolutely determined that
Dyea and Skagway were not within
British territory, the Dominion Government was not going to subsidise a
line which the settlement of that question might alter the complexion of. For
that reason, if for no other, the Dominion Government would not be disposed
to deal with that question for years
to come. There was another point In
connection with this question. It was
that this proposed line wis not contemplated, according to the Rill before
them, to cross the boundary at all. It
was entirely within British Columbia,
beginning and ending In tho Province.
It was a Provincial matter altogether,
and that being so It could n >t in any
way Involve the question of the settlement of the boundary between Groat
Britain and the United States, and did
not involve in any sense the question
ot what the policy of tho Dominion
Government was with regard to this
matter. But, he contended, that this
excuse which the Government offered
for opposing the present Hill���that It
would interfere with an all-Canadian
route���this show of patriotism as a reason for perpetrating injustice, was really a pretext. It was not so much because It desired an all-Canadian route,
not sc much that it possessed the quality of patriotism, that actually the
Government. The Government'-* desire
to crush this railway was rather Jn the
hope that an all-Canadian mute might
be started, engineered or negotiated by
particular favorites of the Government.
They had seen things like that before
In this country. So far as this present
charter was concerned, and the attitude of the Government upon it, there
were evidences already maturing in
this Province which showed that favorites were already at work to get a subsidy from this Government. Not only
that, but there was another circumstance which showed that possibly the
Government had a disposition to be
rather favorable to the White Pass
Railway, In this Instance, by shutting
out the present charter, and that reason was found In the fact that up to
a very short time ago the Premier
himself held a prominent position In
connection with this White Pass Railway Company. While It might be
true���probably was true���that he had
eliminated all his interest in that Company, it stood to reason that he could
not eliminate so suddenly all his sympathy and Interest in that work. Consequently It was apparent to every one
that that sympathy must still exist.
He OMr* Mclnnes) thought that the
Hon. Minister of Finance gave another
reason why the Province personally
should be very anxious to throw out
this charter. He had given them to
understand that, possibly as a substitute for this road, the day might come
when the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Line,
along Vancouver Island, would be extended up the north end of the Island,
so that hy means of a connection with
this line to Kltimaat into the Teslin
Lake, there would be a straight line of
communication all the way up, right
into Dawson. If anything like that
would mature, It showed again that Inasmuch as It would directly benefit the
Premier, it must of necessity lead to
his being partial to tho consideration
of that scheme, and would consequently militate against the application for
this charter. Why should they refuse
these people who were coming here,
asking for no subsidy, no bonus of any
kind, no special privileges from this
House? Why should they refuse them
the right to build a line of railway
within this Province.? Anil particularly when It had been pointed out that
it would be a relief to the people of the
North districts, who at present were
being undoubtedly squeezed by a monopolistic railway, -which controlled the
whole country? He hold that, In view
of all the circumstances enumerated,
it was the duty of the House to grant
the application, nnd he therefore heartily supported the motion to refer the
Bill back to Committee to have the
preamble passed and the construction
of the line authorised.
IMR. CURTIS said he was surprised
that they had not heard something
more about throwing out this BUI on
the other side of the House. He had
expected, after the lucid statement of
the hon. member for Nanaimo, and the
cogent reasons offered by him why this
Bill should be sent back to Committee,
th'at some answer would be given by
rentlemen opposite. The procedure
with regard to this Bill and the manner
In which It had been treated since Its
Inception, did not seem to him to be
fair or right. The Committee had for
some days sought to consider the Bill
clause by clause, and at the final end,
when the question of whether It was to
be reported or not came up Intimation
was given that it was the policy of
the Government, as put forward there
to-day by the Minister of Finance, to
oppose any such Bill. That meant a
very great waste of timo, not only In
the House, but in the Committee, and
he took very great exception to that
sort of procedure. But It was In Committee, as It was in the House. It wns
a matter of great difficulty to get the
Government to announre any policy
until the last moment. As to the present Bill, he thought the greatest possible weight should be given to the representation by members from the district where the railway would operate.
The Junior member for Casslar had
stated that the charter should be granted, and they had It from the senior
member for Casslar In another place,
if not here, that hip opinion was in the
same direction, and he hoped the matter would not be disposed of until the
House-heard from the hon. senior member for Casslar on that point. Mr.
Curtis proceeded to enter a strong plea
for the proposed railway, following
pretty much the line of argument taken by Mr. Mclnnes. The construction
of such railways meant the development of the mineral resources of the
Province and Incidentally an Increased revenue for the Government. Referring to the point as to the reason
for competition alluded to by Mr. Tur
ner, in which he suggested that the
White Pass Company had ventured
much and deserved reward, Mr. Curtis drew from that and other things
that the Government 'was actuated In
Its present course by a desire to nurse
that railway. He argued that that
Company had passed the nursing stage
and quoted a report to the shareholders in which the profits on a
month's operation of that line were
stated to be ��170,000; Chat the working expenses for the same period
amounted to 40 per cent., and that the
net profits reached half-a-milUon of
dollars. It wus shown that the cost
of that road 41 miles long, was In the
neighborhood of ��10,000 per mile, a little less than $50,000 per mile- So that
the net (profits for four months were
sufficient to pay 25 per cent, dividends
on actual cost of the road. The profits
for a year at that rate would be 75 per
cent., which meant th'at the road, according to returns for four months,
was returning three-quarters of the
cost In one year. He thought this
showed that no argument that the road
needed nursing should influence the
House In preventing another road .from
entering into competition. Speaking of
the Government's method of announcing policies, the speaker, declared that
they did not appear to have any policy.
The only expressions which might be
termed policies got from the Government were squeezed out at the last
momenlt, as if thoy had difficulty in
making up their minds to anything. In
this connection he suggested that the
"Colonist" newspaper seemed to be
ahead of the Government so far at
least as the House had advice in the
matter. The House had had no announcement as to the policy in regard
to the matter except that the Government was opposed to this charter. Yet
the "Colonist" that morning contained
a statement���w.hich he presumed from
the association of Government members with that paper, might be taken
for something���"that it, the "Colonist"
felt satisfied In assuming that Premier
Dunsmuir had in mind the formation
of a plan whereby the northern portion
of British Columbia would be developed, etc., etc." He (Mr. Curtis) thought
if the Government had any policy as
suggested In that organ, that the present was the proper time to announce
It, or inform the House whether there
was anything in the statement.
HON. MR. EBERTS Interpolated that
the Government might be asked to get
up every day and answer In regard to
newspaper reports.
MR. CURTIS said that of course the
Government was not bound to answer.
Judging by the past, he ventured to
think it would not Inform the House.
There was another matter he wished to
refer to, as affecting his constituency.
He understood the Hon. Minister of
Finance to announce the policy of the
Government with regard to railways
which connected with American territory  as being directly against  them.
HON. MIR. TURNER: "I said American ports."
MR. GILMOUR: '^1 took the words
down.    You said foreign territory."
HON. MiR. TURNER said it was perfectly true that he mentioned foreign
territory, but he then said ports in
foreign territory. He thought the hon.
gentleman should have taken that
down also.
MR. CURTIS thought the Hon. Minister of Finance was trying to get out
of a difficulty.
HON. MIR. TURNER did not see any
difficulty. Did the hon. gentleman dispute his statement that he said ports
in foreign territory?
MR. CURTIS was willing to admit
that such a qualification may have
been used, but he understood the hon.
gentleman to say that. In any case
he would like to hear something more
explicit from members of the Government with regard to thoir general railway policy, touching the International
boundary line and .in regard to competition generally. A great deal had
been said about getting capital into
this country, and surely the prevention
of railway charters did not seem to
conform to such a desire on the part
of the Government. Mr. Curtis concluded by saying that he would support the motion that the Bill be referred back to Committee, with instructions to pass the preamble and report
to this House.
MR. SPEAKER drew attention to
the wording of the motion. It called
upon the Committee to do a certain
thing, and was therefore out of order.
He pointed out that the proper motion
would be to refer the BUI back for reconsideration.
MR. STABLES thereupon withdrew
his motion, and
'MR. McINNES moved In amendment,
seconded by MR. STABLKS:
"That the report bo not now received,
but that It be referred back to the
Railway Committee for re-consldera-
clon."
Lengthy speeches ensued upon the
amendment, during which questions of
order cropped up here and there and
evoked numerous sub-discussions. For
instance,
MR. MoTNNES referring to the action of the Committee in refusing to
pass the preamble of the Bill, said that
lo reasons had been offered there for
the course taken with the exception of
the bald 'fact that tho Chairman had
received a communlcatiinn from the
Premier that the Government did not
wish it to oass.
MR. McPHILLIPS here raised the
point of order that the proceedings of
the Committee were not open for discussion In the House, that a member
should not publish the evidence laid
before a Committee before the report
had been .made, and
MR. MARTIN took the ground that
the report had been made and that so
far as the evidence was concerned,
none had been taken and that It could
not, therefore, be reported at all.
During the cross-firing which ensued upon the question of order, and
following the point touched upon by
Mr. Martin, that no record had been
made of the Committee's proceedings,
MR. ROGERS asked If he might
strain the point of order, If there was
any against him, to state the reason*
for his vote in Committee. His reason
for opposing the application before tho
House, in Committee, was that there/
was another application before thsi
Committee, asking for a charter foran all-Canadian route whtfch- would
meet the needs of the country just a*
well as this. He therefore voted with.
a view of giving preference to the all-
Canadian route.
MR. McINNES said that these
might be the reasons for Mr. Rogers'
vote, but they were certainly not this
reasons which had influenced the Committee.
MR. GILMOUR referring to the question of an all-Canadian route as an influence on the opinion of members,
pointed out that the officials of the-
White Pass Hallway Company were all
American citizens, whereas the promoters of the Company now seeking*
a charter were all Canadians and th-��y
were asking to build a road through
Canadian territory.
'MR. MARTIN said that a year ago
wben this Bill was Introduced ond was
reported favorably by the Railway
Committee, he was tho only one in the>
House to take the point that It was.
not advisable for this Legislature to-
pass charters of that kind, for the reason that the boundary negotiations were
going on between Canada and the United States, and the interests of British*
Columbia were absolutely in the handa
of the Dominion Government. The latten
was their agent so to speak���though
unfortunately they had no control over
It���and it was most important that
those boundary negotiations should
have a successful issue. At that time*
It had been announced by the Ottawa
Government that it would not charter
any railway running to a port on the
Lynn Canal, and this railway intended to do that, having so stated before
the Committee. He had therefore opposed the Bill on the ground that th��
granting of such a charter might unfavorably affect the Canadian case before the High Commission. He was:
told that this Bill was now being opposed for reasons similar to those given by him lust session. If that were
so, he was prepared to support that
proposition, as he had not changed hia
views, but he thought they were entiled to know really why the Bill was
thrown out. The report from the Committee gave no indication of the reason, and he clajmed that it should be
a clear and definite one. It was a serious matter and certainly opposed to
his ideas of what the House should do.
to throw out any railway charter in
that way. Ho understood that the action of the Committee was dictated by
a Government communication. He
did not say that was Improper, but it
evidenced the absurdity of the arrangement followed in this Province,
whereby no members of the Government were represented on those important committees. Now, if the Government had come to the conclusion that
the arguments put forward by him
last session were sound, and it was
prepared to act upon them, It was ft��
duty in the first place to have had a
member on that Committee to explain,
the matter at once. The Committee
would have been able to carry a report at that time and the matter
could have boen put to the House with
a great saving of time. All this debate had arisen from the fact that
while those were the facts the Government did not seem to have the
nerve to get up and say so. While he
was prepared for the reasons he had
stated to support the Government inks present policy, the Government had
no right ito ask member-? of this House
to support them unless they could so
vote because of reasons which really
actuated them. In addition, he added
that it was utterly impossible for him
to vote for the reception of the report
of the Committee for the reasons he
had mentioned. The report was not the
report of the Committee, The hon.
Chairman of the Committee (Mr. Pooley) would agree with him that the
reasons for throwing out this Bill were
never submitted to the Railway Committee; and the reasons put in the report were apparently put in by himself.
Certainly the members of the Committee were not consulted with regard t*>
them. For that reason he (Mr, Martin) thought it important that the Rill
should go back to the Committee In-
order that It might bring in a report which would state clearly and
definitely why tho Bill had been thrown
out.
MR- OLIVER announced h-Is Intention to vote for the motion to send
the Bill back to Committee, supporting
his position In a brief speech. He favored the Bill.
MR. POOLEY (Chairman of the
Committee) offered a few remarks In.
view of the exception taken to thp report of the Committee, He contended
that the report did fully express the
reasons of those who opposed the Bill.
He had not given tho reasons of those
who voted tor the preamble, nnd he
did not presume to do so. He was
representing the Committee nnd wa��
not supposed to present the views of
those gentlemen.
Some further discussion followed,
taken part In by MB. CURTIS. MR.
HUNTER, MR, BROWN, AIR. McINNES and others. MR. BROWN said
that he had voted for Ihe throwing
out of the BUI, practically on the same
grounds outlined by Mr. Martin.
The vote was then taken, when, fbe
motion of amendment to recommit th#
the Bill was defeated, names appearing as follows:
Por the amendment: Messrs.
Mclnnes, Gilmour, Stables. Smith. K.
C, Oliver, Brown, Martin, Curtis,
Munro, Smith, U.���10.
Against the amendment: -Messrs.
Kldd, Nell!. Green, ���McFhllHps, Helmcken, Turner, Dunsmuir, Eberts, Smith,
A. W.. Ellison, Clifford, Fulton, Hayward, Garden. Prentice, Wells, Me-
Brlde, Pooley, Murphy, Rogers, Hunter, Taylor, Dickie, Mounce���24.
The report of the Committee wast
passed. (hN; THE WING ITEMS
Ohus. Short unci .lus. Mesley came
tlowu from the Wagner group on Bun-
day.
There is some talk ot the Lardeau
football team going to Silverton or.
Labor day.
If you are not on the voters' list and
wish to register, call at the EAOLK
office. Forms, etc., furnished free
gratis.
An unconfirmed report has readied
town that Dan. Cameron had one of bis
hands blown off, in a mine, up l-'isli
ereek Inst week.
Surveyors MoGregpi", Wilkin, Cummins, Burnyeat and Wilkiearo busily
engaged here and there in tlio district,
while others are at work in the Pish
rivor eamp.
P. Cummins, lJ. L. S.. and party loft
for the Abbott group last week, to lay
out a prospective townsite on Haley
ereek, at tho foot of Abbott hill and
also do other survey work.
All the newspapers in Kossland will
soon be machine-set. The Industrial
World, a semi-weekly labor paper, and
the dally Record are tho latest to put
the poor compositor on tho bike.
Some fine catches of mountain trout
aro being made thoso days at the forks
of tbe Lardeau just below the town.
S. Sutherland and 1). Dunbar presented
the Eaolk offloe staff with five beauties
the other day.
Surveyor Cummins has finished sur
veyingj. J. Young's half section ot
timber and building land for the Nettio
L., located in the Y between the north
and south forkB of tho Lardeau, across
from Ferguson.
The trail betweon Ten-Mile and
Haley creek is a cinder path compared
with what it was before J. Atkinson's
road gaug repaired it. They will be
through with it in a day or two. The
Gainer creek trail should come next.
A noticeable convenience to tenderfoot sight-seers in this district is a few
finger hoards at cross-trails indicating
the name and distance to such and
such a property. Tho idea is a good
ono and the government road builders
would do well to post more of them.
The government trail up Gainer
creek is in a disgraceful condition and
with a portion of the regular estimates
it should be repaired at once. It is a
trunk trail, or an excuse for one, and a
good deal of packing is done over it all
the timo to various properties.
If the electors of this riding would
becomo paid-up subscribers to the
Eaolk tbere would be no need of taking hearsay for what our legislators
are doing and saying. A 'ull report of
the House proceedings appears in the
Eaolk every issuo���and it should be
read and digested.
A sheriff's sale ot the goods of tbe
Lardeau Mines, Ltd., and H. O. Mo-
Clymont, including all interests in the
Lardeau King, Lardeau Queen and
Lardeau Prince, situated on Lexington
creek, on tho southern slope of Goat
mountain, takes place to-day at 2 p. in.,
in Revelstoke.
Savage Bros., grocery und provision
merchants, Revelstoke, have made an
assignment for the "benefit of their
creditors. Tho.Cowan-Holten-Downs'
liquor business was sold out by the
sheriff last wook and M. K. Lawson is
going out of business. Revelstoke's
old firms seem to beholding their own.
The bawdy houses of Ferguson continue levelling in the whisky business
and tbo usual weekly batch of scraps
and annoyance to the' townspeople haB
taken place since last Ibsuc One out-
lit has been advised by Mining
Recorder Campbell to leayc town, but
there is still need for a policeman to bo
stationed here.
The Nelson Economist, among many
others, Is lacking in goographicnl
knovvledgeof this distriot, The ''Lardo-
Duncan" is that portion of territory
lying cast of the "backbone" range,
some five or six miles oast of Ferguson,
or along tho Duncan river slope from
where the waters commence to flow
east. Or in short Taylor's electoral
riding lis known as the Lardeau, tho
other, Greon's, as the Lardo-Duncan.
Wjn. Tier, M. A., of Lucan, and Jas.
McNIece, B.  A.,  of Welland,   Ont.,
after having spent a few days of thoir
vacation knocking around among the
mountains of the  Lardeau with their
old   classmate,   S.   Shannon, left Ferguson on Friday evening, to return to
their professions back east, the former j
intending to stop over at Banff and j
Winnipeg for a few days,   tho lattor to i
like  a short  trip   Into Montana lind |
-honeo return via Crow's Nest on ('. P.
II.   Both  loft  hero  satisfied  that  a
ningniilcient future was in store for
this camp.
Pack trains are now busy packing
out winter supplies to the many properties which will continue work twelve
months in the year from now on. This
is a good sign of development progress
in itself.
Mailed parcels to the Eagle, posted
on Saturday last in Vancouver, only
arrived here on tn-day's mail. Other
mail of Sunday morning came .through
two days ago. Some of the postmasters
need a caution from tho P. O. Inspector. The mail service is slow enough
at any time, but unnecessary delays
are inexcusable.
Assayer Shannon, B. A., made an
estimate ol the Triune 20-ton shipment,
derivod from soveral assays,"of $205 a
ton. Ho was out loss than $3. His
assays of tho pulp from the smeHer
wei'o exactly the same as given by tho
Canadian Smelting Co., though he had
no knowledgo of the smelter returns
until after his tests wore made. As a
consequence,, the Triune owners and
lessees think highly of Mr. Shannon as
an assayer and of the smelter ns giving
fair returns.
Tint ('tiniHlliiii-l.imlfiiii.
Allan Chisholm was in town yesterday from the Canadian-Lardeau property up the north fork. The property
is looking well and work is to bo continued nil winter. Provisions are now
going up for tho winter.' Cabins, etc.,
havo been built and everything is in
readiness for the best of progress with
development.
T.A. Wilson, M.D., CM.
L. R. C. P. & S.   IQimen's University.]
Provincial Coroner, Ete.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Ferguson, B. C.
Fred C. Elliott,
BARRISTER, NOTARY PUBLIC, ETC.,
TROUT LAKE CITY B. C, AND
Ferguson, B. C.
Earvey, McCarter $ Pinkham
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
OFFICES :,   REVELSTOKE AND UOLDEN.
Solicitors forlmperlnl Hunk of Canada.
Ueo. s. MeCnttor. I. A. Harvey,
A. M. I'inkliani.
White, Gwillim c? Scott,
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
OFFICES:   McKEX/.lE AVENUE,
Revelstoke, B. C.
A.H. Holdich, M.C.M.I.,
ASSAYER AND ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,
Revelstoke, B. C.
Methodist Church
Triune   Fraction,
A 700 ft. fraction between the Triune
No. 1 and No. 2 was discovered and
staked by Messrs. Frank Appieost.
("Kamloops"). S. F. \V. Gainer
and Fred. Disjardine, on the 11th
inst. They leave to-morrow to
do assessment and prospect, work. A
fairly good offer has already been
made them for the property.
Kltti mid limit).
Two annual assessments on these
claims, situate in Dry Gulch on tho
south eastern slope of Cariboo creek,
have shown them to be two promising
properties. They are owned by George
and his father .Tuhn C. McCartney.
Some fine specimens from the Elfa and
Jane were shown an Eagle representative while over there last Saturday.
* When in Trout Lake City register
at tho Queen's. Best service in the
town.
* Perfect printing punctually performed pleases particular people. Is
the EAGLE doing your printing? If
not, we're both tbe losers.
* If you want all the news of the
Lardeau you must become a paid-up
subscriber to the Eagle, the largest
newspaper in North Kootenay���and the
best.
* The Toronto World has increased
its circulation by thousands during the
past few years. One reason for this
advanco is found in the fact that ii
publishes the most accurate and fullest
market reports of any Canadian paper,
Send.the EAGLE to yourfrionds, or to
anyone you think will become interested in the camp. It passes from one
place and person to another, is read,
extracts copied into larger papers; the
news will spread. But give us a lift to
do tbo introductory work. Printer's
ink made Rossland; it cad do the same
for the Lardeau.
Liberal-Conservative Meeting.
Owing to tlie probability of tin early Dominion election, the annual meeting of thu Liberal
Conservative Union of llrftUh Columbia-will
lie belli In the Assembly ilnll, New Westminster, on the RQtli day of August noxt, common*
chitr mi 10 a. m.
All Liberal Conservative! will be welcome.
The   right   lo   vole   ia  eoulltieil to   delegates
elioson by Liberal Conservative Asscotatione
or District Meotlnxi convened for this purpose,
nne delegate for every twenty members of such
Association or District Meeting. Proxies can
only be used by Members of the I'nlon.
July 80tl., 1900.
It. H  KIJJS, Secretary, Vancouver.
G. (i. I'ftlOH, Pro, L.C, U.ofB. 0..
2tV2l Victoria.
G. FORDDRED
Boot and Shoe Maker
Miners' Shoes a Specialty.
Trout Lake and Ferguson.
The Only Way
To intelligently judge the future is to
judge by the past. Preacher ami poli-
tieian, professor and scientist, all agree
ou thai point. The only way to measure
ii merchant tailor's ability and Integrity
i* by v.lial his customer?; do nnd wha't
ttieysay, The gentleman who has never
���purchased clothes of me can Judge by
nsVhig Hie opinion of a long lino of
j.'itnms. ltd can further judgu by thc
inci ilia! ibis long line of patrons Jtoeiis
iiimlng batik for more clothes. My
inllorlnjj reputation in the past has been
���mod. My ctiristant endeavor is to make
It better.
R. S. Wilson, Revelstoke,
Ferguson:. Services in school house every
Sunday at;��p.m.  Sunday schoolat 2 p.m.
Trout Lake City : Services in Forrester's
hall every Sunday at 7:80 p.m. Sunday
school at 2:30 p.m.
REV. S. ,T. GREEN, Pastor.
S. Shannon,
Assayer and Analytical
Chemist.
OFFICE:    VICTORIA AVE., FERGUSON, B, C.
np*All kinds of Photographic work done.
Mining properties a specialty. Local views for
stile.   Call at office to see samples.
Ferguson Shaving
Parlor	
Wm. SehneJI,.
TONSORIAL ARTIST
All branches of the tonsorial art executed with
ambidexterious dexterity.
General Blacksmithing
and Repair Work���
Promptly attended to at moderate rates,
ilorse shoeing a specialty.
'   PKED. DESJARDINE.
Furniture
and
Furnishings       <
The largest and moat \
complete stock in North {
Kootenay. We can out- <
fit your home or hotel as {
complete and cheap as '
eastern or coast firms. \
Prompt attention to mail <
orders; shipments made \
on shortest notice. Ask "���
[or quotations. )
rndertakers. )
R. Howson & Co.
���REVELSTOKE, B.C.
Imperial Bank
vm      of Canada.
CAPITA,, AUTHORIZED, ��,500,000.00.
CAPITAL PAID UP . . *'J,4S8,l!O3.0O.
REST ��1,700.000.00. .;
General Banking Business Transacted
Interest allowed on deposits In Savings
Department at rurrent rates.
A. K. bThEARN,
MANAGER REVELSTOKE BRANCH.
: FLELD <$ BEIVS,
���   Druggists
Chemists     ��
Stationers
iftj&S REVEL8T0KEA
If you need anything In
Photographic
Supplies...
Send to tlie
CANADA DRUG* BOOK CO.,
KEVELSTOKE, B. 0
Leave Your Watch
With A. C. Cummins, Ferguson, and he
will guarantee prompt and safe delivery
of your WATCH to me.   Repair department Is in charge of It. N.  Doyle, an
expert In Engllab, Swiss and American
watch repairing.   All work guaranteed.
.   , ,    A line line of Diamonds, Watches,
clocks, Silverware; Hold and  Silver
Electro Plating and Engraving.
J. Guy Barber,
C. P. R. Watch Inspector,
Revelstoke, B, 0.
Located In   FefgUSOn,   The Payroll Centre
We Lead because we keep constantly
in touch with ihe largest manufacturers in Canada, Great Britain and the
Ignited States, securing cash bargains
at, all seasons.
We iead because we have the capital
and the experience to buy in the best \
markets of the world.
Lead in giving customers better
value for their money than any othci \
store in the Lardeau. \
We Lead in doing the largest business j
because we treat our customers all the \
same, business-like and courteously.
We Lead in giving good values for
your money in I
Gents' Furnishings,
Boots and Shoes,
Hardware,
Miners' Supplies,
Groceries, Etc.
Post Office Store
Ferguson, B. C.
F | Miners9 Supplies
We have juBt placed in our iv.ire room a large stock of choice
fresh Groceries. Also a big addition to our well assorted stock
of Boots and Shoes, 'Clothing, Crockery, Miners' Supplies, Ktc.
Special quotations to cash purchasers. Goods carefully packed
for pack horse outfits.    Close cash prices.
BATHO & CO.,
General Merchants and Outfitters for the Lardeau.
Great Departmental Store
^  REVELSTOKE, B. ���,
More Than Freight Saved By Buying Miners' Supplies From Us.
BOURNB BROS.
C. B. Hume & Co.,
Wholesale and Retail
��,@   General Merchants....
Heaviest Buyers in North Kootenay.
Branch at
Trout Lake City.
Revelstoke.
HM��s>SIO����IOSO.��MI>mHI��HIIHIIIil����.��.������l����s>lf��sHHmHIHHimM
Imperial Brewing Co., Limited.
KAMLOOPS, B. C.
Manufacturers of Lager Beer, Porter and all kinds of aerated waters.
l!rSonbyBrCed-       E.T. W. Pearse,
i   otherwise promptly attended to. manager.
OOiHBiiiiiliiiiHonnini1lliiirittiririniftiniiiiii��nrnniin>>iiiii iiiiiiinnMi.it
FERGUSON
_LS  LxlO ��� ��� ��� ���
PAY ROLL CENTRE��
.Hi^LMMHi

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