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Lardeau Eagle 1900-09-26

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Ajsyxn^UL U&
$2.00 A YEAR.
From Deep Water Landing, on the Northeast Arm, To Ferguson, is
All We Need for the Present.
If Built It Would Flaoe The Mines Now Producing in Direct Connection
With The Smelter���Deceived Shareholders Would Corner Their
Deceivers on the "No Hallway" Excuse For Not Shipping Ore.
The Cost Would Be Comparatively Small.���The Restaking Evil
Discussed.- That 20 Miles of Railway Would Remove the Cause
It is quite apparent that no railway | tity of claims any prospector holds, for
will be constructed from the southern
terminus to thiB point this year. In
view of this can not the Revelstoke
board of trade and others directly
interested be induced to take up tne
if. matter of    getting    the   Arrowhead
branch extended along the present
outlet, via Comaplix and Thomson's
Landing. Twenty miles! Just think
of it! Only twenty miles of railway
needed to tap this district nnd put it In
connection with the Arrow lakes' fleet.
Another slip ut deep water landing, on
the northeast Arm, and twenty miles
of steel would do the job���for the time
being anyway. Tho grade ia an easy
one, as the survey already made demonstrates. The barges, tug and slip
are already provided at Arrowhead
and there appears to be no reason why
twenty solitary miles cannot be built
yet this  season.     No  snowslides  to
as yet it has not been shown that any
prOBpeotor has made a, fortune through
a monopoly on claims. And again,
Mr. Editor, if you just glance down tbe
number of assessments done this year,
for instance, and compare it with the
relocations, I think you will admit
that after all the relocating evil is a
theoritical one rather than a practical
one. No prospector will take chances
on relocating a claim which he has
reason to believe will turn out all
right, and they often do so much work
on one claim, hoping against hope that
it will prove bo, as to leave them
neither time nor money to do their
other assessments. Thus should they
not be able to restake they probably
find themselves poorer than when they
struck the country. For you must
bear in mind Mr. Editor that if our
mining laws get too severe, it will be
merely legislating in favor of tho capi-
u"?,���nie!,\"^.l?,!?l���..,^id��!!,���'0!ta��9ta ��?aln8t the   Poor  "an.    To
develop a property takes considerably
build, and no regular service needed. |
An old yard engine would suffice ; any
old thing. The city of Revelstoke
would derive a great bonelit from the
construction of this piece of road.
Thoy might secure and, if they wake
up, hold the Lardeau business. And
as for Lardoau and Trout Lako itself,
why it would cause a revolution hy
spring. Hundreds of tons of ore would
be shipped this winter, the payroll
would jump up, transportation charges
would tumble down to a point where
our dozens of low-grade propositions
would become paying shippers and
tho C. P. R.'s big smelter at Trail
would ho 'kept busier than ever. And
all this the direct result of twenty
miles of railway. Surely .the C. P. R.
can he prevailed upon, if approached
In the proper manner with these representations, to do this much to help
dovelop this wonderfully rich mineral
producing camp. It is certainly worth
trying for, as a last resort thia year.
Will all hauds unite and make an
effort anyway?
Editor Eagle:   Your issue of 19th
inst. criticising the Revelstoko Herald
of 14th inst., is calculated to give impressions which I think might do the
prospector a great Injustice, lf legislation on the strength of your assertions
were passed.   Theorltlcally one might
be apt to concur with you, but any man
who has had any lengthy practical
experience In a mining camp, in my
opinion,   would  not for a     minute
accept your views.   Firstly, yon say
"is one man owning forty olaims as
beneficial to a camp as ten owning four
each?"   This  is  mere  theory, for I
defy  anyone to  name an  individual
prospector owning forty olaims or oven
twenty.    Some big mining monnply
may, but of course we must find no
fault with them.   You state, Mr. Editor,  that  where  a   prospector owns
forty olaims no attempt is made at doing the assessment.   Well, as no case
of ono man owning forty claims has
ever come to my notice I am unable to
refute this, but I do know, personally,
right ln this camp, of one man owning
interests more or less largo in at least
eight or ten olaims and doing his share
of work in every one of them, and he is
as yet poorer than when he first struck
tbe country.   Should a man like this
suffer through legislation on account
of somo other man's lazzluess?   And
again, if every man were forced to do
assessment work on every claim he
owned, ln one year, he would not get a
single claim developed as a rule, for a
poor man nan  only afford a certain
amount of work every year, so that lf
he has to distribute it over a number
of claims, say three to six, (which is
above the average for men holding
full claims) a very poor assessment will
be done on each.   There  ia no  necessity ii.v legislation to limit tbe quan-
moro than an assessment or two and is
expensive work, and If a man has no
money ho must be allowed time. You
say that mon hold more ospects than
they can faithfully represent. Well If
yon force them to record some kind of
work it will bo done in a slovenly,
tdiufUli.g ii.'innor in UwBt pases, lor
though you tako a horso to tho creek
you can't make him drink. Regarding
the cheap-john'promoter, why let the
law get after him, not tho prospector,
for the latter only gives the cheap-john
what he evidently is looking for. But
do not think that this affects ,bona fide
invostors. And finally, Mr. Editor,
this cry that a few men hold everything sounds too much like tho wail
from some of the fine weather prospectors who hit the camp a little too
late to get in on the good things. "But
if I am not taking up too much space I
would like to suggest that a prospector
be allowed to do all his work for a
year, in no matter what part of the
mining district his claims be located,
on one claim if he so wish ; for many
men have lots of work done on a claim
which does not count on the other
property they may hold. Of course
this can be done now, if claims adjoin,
by filing usual notice, but why not include all a man's property ? This I
think, Mr. Editor, is the only change
needed ln our present mining laws,
from a local standpoint.
Pro Bono Publico.
Trout Lake, Sept. 23,1900.
Let's Make a Desperate Effort for
Twenty Miles of Railway.
The C.P.R. can spend half a million
dollars on a bridge across thoC'olumbia
at Robson,'M50,000.in station and yards
at Nelson, several thousands on its
line in the Boundary, more thousands
along the Crow's Nest and main lino;
but 20 miles of road from deep water
landing, on the Arm, to Ferguson, is
apparently undreamed of, though tho
cost would be comparatively trilling.
The Lardeau and Trout Lake districts
may be producers of tho richest ores in
B; C. and yet we may pray, petition,
appeal, wait and be d d, but no such
a thing as twenty solitary miles of
road over an easy route already surveyed, is forthcoming. There is
probably no twenty miles of railway
in Canada which would cause such a
wonderful change in a district and
convert so many prospects into
shipping mines. Inside of two yeara
the Rossland camp, as a producer,
would drop into insignificance as compared with this camp. The Slocan
wouldn't even bo a competitor, and in
no other camp in the provinco would
such activity, predominate.   For   the
Mr. Elector:
How is it that the new
Liberal government at;
Ottawa has spent every \
dollar of the twenty-six
millions of thai "increased
revenue," and yet "sunk
the Dominion seven million
dollars deeper in debt."
Echo Answers?
$4,000 Expended in Development Work on This Fish Oreek Property
Says Surveyor Ritchie.
If Favored jWith An Open Season The Ore Output From The Triune
and Cromwell Will Be Larger Than Expected.���An Important
Gold and Silver Strike Made Yesterday on the Morning Star and
Vancouver, Below the Nettie L���Will Build Cabin and Trail and
Work All Winter.���Great Stir in Town Over the Big Discovery.
Messrs. I,   Fred. Ritchie and R. C.  being as high-grade a proposition as
love of all tbat'shigh and holy lot's try
and induce this monstrous octopus to
extend us an arm of twenty, only
twenty, miles of cold steel. We'll
take a squeezing chance on the proposition, if we lose.
[As announced " Pro Bono Publico'
has presented his views on the "claim
relocating and holding evil" question.
But he carefully manages to ovado the
subject Ihe Eaolk dealt with, as
affecting the community at largo, and
deals with the question from a selfish
point of view. He utterly falls to shew
or acknowledge tho disadvantages of
his policy to the camp in general.���Ed.
Pro Bono Publico argues that a man
should have all the time he wants to
hold, sell or develop claims, and if a
claim is worthy he will not take re-
staking chances. How many claims in
this camp have been held for years and
years and to-day there is not a scratch
upon thorn. Is it in the public interest that this go on Indefinitely? The
pioneer should be rewarded, but where
do the present population, the whole
people, got off at? Must all have to
suffer to benefit the few? The Eaglis
hopes that soon wo will have a railway
and plenty of capitalists around so tbat
thie order of th'ngs will bo changed.
The pioneer will make his stake and
possibly In the end wo all will be
benefitted; but it's an uphill proposition for us all under existing
It Is the  Croaker With "Lots of
Money Behind Him."
The prevailing idea among many
"we-want-a-cheap-]noporty" minini;(?)
men, seems to ho that Lardoau prospectors are asking too much for their
hard-earned claims. Tho fact of tho
matter is thero lias not been one
genuine offer made lo a claim owner in
tho Lardoau this mason. There may
have been would-lio purchasers, with
"lots of money behind thorn," but
blamed little with them, in the district,
who go out to Rossland or elsewhere
and croak about "prohibitory prices,"
hut the prospectors havo long' since
learned the art of sizing up these
chenp-john men, and as a consequence
refuse to take them seriously. But let
a mining man strike camp and you wi
800 how quickly tho scene changes and
no stickling about prices, or bonds���If
working conditions are agreed to.
These croakers would like to havo us
deliver them properties such as the
Triune, Cromwell, Nettio L., True
Fissure and such for about $2.09. Then
they would want time to pay It in with
no restricting conditions. Thecountry
would be well rid of this species of
"mining mon."
Young, Dominion and Provincial land
surveyors, Rossland, returned last
week from the headquarters of Bear
creek, a tributary of Fish creek, where
they have been surveying the Black
Bear group. This group consists of
tho Black Bear, tho Kangaroo and tho
Mountain Bell mineral claims, located
near the divide between the Lnrdeau
und Trout Luke divisions, and are
situated at the very headwaters of
Black Rear ereok which falls into Fish
creek about 17 miles from Comaplix.
This group belongs to the Black Bear
Mining Company Ltd. of Lardeau,
whose shareholders are chiefly a
Detroit syndicate, one of tho officebearers being a brother of Chauncey
Depew, tho great railway magnate.
The syndicate spent upwards ol $4,000
iu development work���shafts, open
cuts and tunnels���in order to thoroughly test the property ere acquiring it.
Tho mineral is silver-lead. There is a
strong- 20 ft. lodge extending right
through tho properties. Tho load can
bo traced an immense distance, so
much so that from 75 to 100 claims uro
staked along this ledge.
An Eagle representative had an interesting talk with Mr. Ritchie, who
is a large mining operator, and who
.surveyed tiheorlglu^l ti'"-'. luu.o of i!o s
hind and who has boon in till the principal districts in British Columbia.
Ho was highly Impressed with what he
saw of tho Lardeau district, which
compares very favorably with other
districts. There Is abundance of water
und wood, and sites for concentrator.
All that, is needed is transportation.
But what is required before that can
be obtained is more development.
There must lie snir.c permanent
material to haul. Prospectors, in somo
cases, are making 1111' same mistake as
in other districts in asking too high
prices for mere prospects. They forget that every prospect is not a mine,
and that capital and labor may be expended in vain in developing a prospect, nnd thut without capital nnd
labor prospects may us well be loft
unslaked. Lot tho prospeotors have
a good recompense for their labor and
toil, privations anil hardships, hut
they should not put on prohibitory
prices as they aro injuring themselves
nnd the district in making capital
fight shy of that d isl rift however good
the shewings may be.
Mr. Ritchie is going into tho Crawford Bay district, along with Mr.
Young, lo survey the X-Ruy, tho Hammock and tho Big Fraction. He is Interested in these properties along with
a London syndicate. Mr. Ritchie
claims Crawford Bay to ho ono of tho
host mining districts In B. C. owing to
the high values obtained. In these
properties, which aro silvor, lead and
copper, assays have boon obtained
from tho X-Hay of 1600 ozs. ln silvor,
2.'1 per cent, copper and 10 per cont.lotul.
the Triune the outlook for the Cromwell is a bright one, and we may now
look upon it as another of our standby
sliippers. The development work done
to date consists of only an open cut on
tbo lead, but by dropping down a few
feet and crosscutting they can secure
foot for foot in depth. The mere fact
that such a large quantity of gold and
silver values may be sacked from the
grass-roots is the best of evidence in
tbe Cromwell's favor. The cost of
smelting the Cromwell oro will be
little over half of what Triune ore
costs, there being no lead or copper
values. It is distinctly a poor man's
proposition, and Mr. Capitalist need
not put in his appearance, so far as
this property is concerned, at all. He
is not needed.
Another Big Ould Strike-Near Town.
And now it is Ferguson's turn to ro-
joice. A big gold strike was made
yesterday, only li miles from town, on
6-mile creek, up the south fork, paralleling and just below the Nettie L.
mine, assays of which were made by
S. Shannon, B. A., last night. The'
lead matter assayed is oxidized Iron
...ni leiu, the rc-Milts bolnv 2 ". ,,/-.
gold, or $50.00, and 127 ozs. in silver.
$80.01, a total of 8130.01 to tho ton.
The claims, the Vancouver and Morning Star, aro owne.l by Messrs. H. M.
Carter, A. J. Gordon, W. IT. Shannon
and Lew Thompson. Thoy will leave
at once to build a cabin and a half-mile
trail to tho south fork wagon and prepare to sack ore and make shipments
this winter, thus providing winter
employment for the four of them at a
much hotter thing than wages; besides
adding another grass-root, gold and
silver shipper to tbe list at onco. Gold
is becoming a common find in this
camp this season, but this one, so near
town, and so accessible is certainly a
boom to tho entire district. The
ISagle will await with anxiety the
progress and results of further development of .what seems to ho the best
strike of tho season���not so high-grade
it Is true, but 2 ft. of $100 ore. lj miles
from town, should be good enough for
If a Charter Can be Seoured the
Country is Safe.
M. L. Moyer of Philadelphia, says:
"If I could get a eharter'I would build
an electrical tramway from hero to
Comaplix Inside of three months; my
people recognize a paying proposition
and this would certainly be a good one.
There is power enough in the Lardeau
creek at almost any point between
Ferguson and Trout Lake to propel
half a dozen tramways." Hero is un
opportunity for the Trout Lake Trades'
Committee to do something in the
publio interest. Can we secure
oharter for Mr, Moyer? If so, let's do
it at onoe,
Jus. Grant, one of the owners of the
Cromwell, was in town on Saturday.
At the timo he left tho mine . they had
203 sacks of ore ready for the pack
train, 37 sncl:6 of which three of them
sacked on Thursday. "And," sayB
Mr. Grant, "if we got ten or fifteen
days moro oi favorable weather we will
have a carload out." S. Daney is now
packing il down the hill and teaming
it to tho Landing, at a cost to the
owners of $30 a ton. While In town
Mr. Grant received a letter from Oro
Buyer Moore and from seven samples
he had taken out for a smelter test an
overage value of $213.60 In gold and
$15.50 ln silver, or $220.16 to the ton
was secured, The assay certificate
will also be very valuable to tbem in
future sacking as they now know which
Is their host carbonates, etc. While
the average returns may (all short of
The Triune's Ore  Shipment.
Jas. Lade and E, J. Ward  arc down
from tho Triune.   Thoy have ovor 700
sacks let down tho "gravity tram" and
enough at Ten-Mile and Thomson's
Landing to make up a 10(1 ton shipment.
They arc now piling their sacked ore
in tho tunnel, louring to let it down
in the draw before S. Daney has packed
the present lot down, lest a suowslide
carry it away. Thoy hope, however,
to get out enough, if weather permits,
to make up a total 200 ton shipment for
tbo next trip to Trail. About four
inches of fresh snow fell on Sunday, so
that tho season up thero is drawing to
a closo���though only nine miles from
Ferguson. The old crow are all down
now, but a new gang uro busy at tho
tedious work'. They havo to encounter
about fifteen different kinds ot weather
a day; so that the men suffer from
"leading" and severe colds. The Triune will hold its own as the record
breaker of this district in the matter
of a high-grade grass-root proposition.
1st, direct legislation; 2nd, proportional representation; 3rd, public
ownership of railways and other public
services; 4th, compulsory arbitration
of disputes between capital and labor;
5th, government banking; 0th, publio
employment for themnemployed, TRhASURE TROVE.
Mr. Clarence J. McCuaig Talks in
Montreal of His Tour of the
Kich Mineral  Belts  of
British Columbia.
Mr. Clarence J. McCuatg, the noted
mining man, has returned to Montreal,
after visiting almost every mining eamp
In British Columbia ana Republic
Camp in Washington.
In an Interview regarding his extended trip he said to a representative
of the "Gazette": My party consisted
of Senator Warner Miller of New York;
Mr. F. H. Minard, a mining engineer
of ability, representing Eastern capitalists, and my Chief Clerk, Mr. Binmore.
We visited first the mines of the
Crow's Nest Coal Company, near Fernie, ln East Kootenay, and were surmised to see how much had been accomplished there during the past year.
Mr. Wilson, the General Manager, is
systematically preparing for the enormous output which will be necessary
for the Company's coal and coke. Although there are more than 20) ovens
in full blast, five times that number
Will not be able to supply the demand
at the end of the present year, when
the Trail, Hall Mines, Northport, Grand
Forks and Greenwood smelters are in
full blast. The smelters at Great Falls,
Montana, are using this coke in preference to all others, and would contract
for the entire output. The coal is of a
superior quality for steam purposes,
and is used by the Canadian Pacific
Railway for their engines. As the
Quantity of coal is inexhaustible, and
the facilities for handling it will be aa
perfect as in any other coal mine on
this Continent, when Mr. Wilson completes his scheme of development and
mining, the coal and coke can be produced at a very low price, and as the
demand will increase almost as rapidly
as the output can be Increased the Com'
pany will undoubtedly become one of
the great industries of the Dominion.
From Fernie we went to Kimberley,
and visited the
Mr. Frank Robbing, the Consulting Engineer of Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann,
is iu charge of the property, and conducted us through the various workings. No one who has not visited these
mines can form an idea of the quantity
of ore blocked out for shipment, and to
walk through tunnel after tunnel driven through the solid bodies of galena,
or silver-lead, glistening and sparkling
on every side, would convince the most
Gceatical that British Columbia is second to no state in the Union in the
richness of its mines. The mine is
now shipping about 1,800 tons per
month, which, after deducting freight
and treatment, yields about $40,000 per
The St. Eugene Consolidated at Moyie
ln the same district as the North Star,
has established a great record, having
shipped a greater quantity of lead during the month of July than any mine
in the United States, with one exception. The ore is rich in quality, and
the mine promises to be ranked among
the great mines of the world. It is
owned by the Oooderham-Blttckstock
Syndicate, and the Canadian Gold
Fields Company.
From Cranbrook we went to Slocan
City, and visited a number of properties In that district, which have already commenced shipments, or will do
as soon as roads now being constructed are completed. Chief among these
are the Arlington, Mollie Gibson, Smuggler and Enterprise. The Mollie Gibson and Smuggler are situated at an
altitude of 7,000 feet, in close proximity
to a glacier, and as snow was falling
when I visited the latter, about ten
days ago, the difficulties to be overcome in working these mines can be
imagined. It is evident also {hat the
mine must be rich to stand the expense
of packing supplies in on horseback
and lawhidlng ore out.
We then
and saw Mr. Bernard MacDonald, General Manager of the British America
Corporation of London, England, which
owns the Le Roi, Number One, Josie,
Annie, Nickel Plate, Great Western,
Columbia and Kootenay. In company
with Mr. MacDonald we Inspected the
Le Roi, and no words could express
our amazement at the remarkable development of that great mine under
Mr. MaeDonald's management. Two
years ago he told me that ore existed
in the mine outside of what were commonly supposed to be the walls, and
his work has not only proved that he
���was correct, but has also demonstrated
beyond question that the Le Roi !s one
of the greatest mines in the world. The
main shaft is now down 000 feet, and
the mine Is thoroughly opened up to a
depth of 800 feet. On some of the
levels the ore is being sloped for a
width of 107 feet, and faces to and 70
feet wide are common. Outside of this
���enormous vein other parallel veins have
been proved to exist, and it is estimated that the mine will pay about $10,-
4)00,000 in profits when the ore is taken
out as far down as the 800-foot level.
There is no reason to doubt that these
conditions will continue the same until
water level Is reached, 1,200 feet lower,
and it Is probable that the same conditions will prevail to a depth of 5,000
feet. You must remember that these
estimates are not haphazard, but are
carefully compiled from what has been
actually demonstrated by the development. The mine Is now raising 800
tons a day, and the net profits must be
In the neighborhood of $120,000 per
month. This output will be Increased
when the new shaft Is completed. The
���other properties mntioned above are all
In an
with large quantities of ore bio -ked
out ready for shipment, and will) Join
the shipping mines as soon as the Le
Roi smelter can be enlarged. Its capacity is now being increased from 800 t*
1,600 tons per day.
I did not have an opportunity of visiting the Centre Star and War Eagle,
but judging   from the development of
the Le Roi, which Is on the same vein,
and from what I could learn from people in Rossland, who should be in a position to know, the Centre Star is likely to prove to be equal to the Le Roi,
and the War Eagle is not far behind.
I notice that Mr. Blackstock has been
'interviewed   regarding  an  amalgama-
| tion of these two properties.   Although
' I have no Interest in either, I regret to
say, I think that it Is in the Interest of
I the shareholders of both that such a
I plan should be carried out.   The saving
effected ln the management and opera
tion of the mines would be large, and
: lf an English company should be form
'ed with ��1 shares for issue in Great
Britain, and four shilling shares (pruc-
j ticaly one dollar) for issue in Canada,
there is no doubt the English investors
would absorb  large blocks of shares,
[now that Le Roi has proved so suc-
I cessful, at  much higher    prices  than,
now prevail.
From Rossland we made a short trip
to Spokane and Wallace. Idaho, where
we visited the Last Chance group of
silver and lead mines, owned by the
Empire State Mining Company, which
Is developed to a depth of nore than
1,000 feet, and Is returning us owners
enormous monthly dividends. The property of this Company Is valued at
$7,000,000, upon which sum it is earning more than 12 per cent. A prominent Toronto broker and an equally prominent Montreal 'brewer and bank director are the fortunate owners of a
very large interest in this Company,
from which they draw a handsome Income.
We then visited
where we found the great mill af the
Republic Exploration & Cyaniding
Company rapidly approaching completion. The assay and chemist's office,
storehouse and machine shop were
completed. The buildings of both the
sampling and cyaniding mill and the
ore bine were completed. The machinery and engine of the sampling mill
were in place, and only the small work
of putting in a portion of the elevators
and connections remained to be done.
This mill will be completed by the 1st
of September. In the large mill the
six boilers were in place and connected; the three engines were in and connected; the crushers and pulverizers
were all in; the foundation for the two
Cummer dryers was in; the foundation
and steel frames of the three roasting
furnaces (125 feet long each) were in
place, and the brickwork of one nearly completed. The cyanide tanks, settling tanks and fitter presses were all
in and connected, so that very Httla
requires to be done to complete the
mill, and there is no doubt that it will
be In operation between the 15th and
the end of October, allowing for every
possible delay. The mill Is one of the
most complete and modern of its Kind,
and being automatic through will be
very economical. Let me say here that
the process in use is the ordinary,
every-day, straight cyanide method,
in use in all of the great mines in Africa, and In mines in Australia and
the United States. Mr. D. C. Jack-
ling, who has erected and will manage
the new mill, has been extraordinarily successful in treating the ores of
other mines of less than one-third value
of Republic ores. We have secured the
benefit of his experience and Insured
the treatment of our ores at the very
lowest possible cost. The development
of the mine Is in an advanced stage,
and the quantity of ore blocked out
and ready for extraction is sufficient
to keep the mill supplied for a long
time. It is the Intention to commence
sinking a shaft to a depth or 1,600 feet
as soon as the necessary plant can be
installed. It is proposed, as soon
as arrangements can be made with the
minority shareholders of the Jim Blaine
(of which the iRepublic Company owns
a controlling interest) to continue the
development of that property, with a
view to place it In a producing position.
The Qullp mine,,in which this Company also owns a large Interest, Is developing beyond expectation?, and is
In a position to commence shipments
of a large quantity of ore a? soon as
the new mill can take it. The Qullp
In the Republic Camp. Tlio Valley
group, In which the Company has an
Interest, Is in a promising condition,
and will probably become a shipping
mine. The Yankee Girl group is now
in a position to commence shipments
art soon as a satisfactory smelter rate
can be obtained- You will sec, therefore, that the [Republic Consolidated
Gold Mining Company, In addition to
the Republic mine, has other very valuable interests, which- will contribute
to Its anual Income, and I have no
doubt that when the mill Is in operation this Company will go far towards
restoring the confidence of the public
In standard mining Investments.
The Republic & Kettle River Railway Company Is now being organised
by New York and Canadian capitalists
to build a railway from Republic to
Grand Forks, or rather to a point on
the boundary line, with the anticipation that the Canadian Pacific Railway
will either build Itself from Grand
Forks to the boundary line or permit
the Coimpany to do so. If possible construction will be commenced this Fall,
but If arrangements are not completed
In time, work will be commenced as
soon as weather will permit ln the
Spring. We have secured the franchise for a steam tramway, which will
connect the new Republic mill with the
Qullp, Lone Pine, Surprise, San Poll,
Tom Thumb and other mines In the
camp, which are now tn a position to
commence shipments. This line Is now
being surveyed, and will be constructed
by the time the mill Is prepared to
take custom ore.
The Mountain   Lion    Tom   Thumb,
Lone Pine, Surprise and San Poll are
improving steadily under development,
and the iRepublic Camp generally is
looking well.
Good reports are coming ln from
the Lardeau, Boundary, Ymir and other districts of British Columbia, and
there can be no doubt that that Province will soon attract the attention of
capitalists in all parts of the world.
No doubt many Canadian Investors
have had their confidence shaken ln
mining investments during the past
year, and they have had sufficient reason undoubtedly, owing to the temporary stoppage of dividends of the
large mining companies, and the great
shrinkage in the value of their shares
caused by the loss of confidence, aggravated by financial conditions which
have prevailed. I look, however, for
returned confidence, as the Payne has
already resumed the payment of regular quarterly dlldends, and the Republic mill, before the end of September,
will be turning out gold bricks. The
Centre Star and War Eagle will soon
be shipping to the smelter. The North
Star Is paying regular dividends, and
earning a fat surplus, and the New
Year should see all of these companies
In great favor again.
The latest apllcatlon of the law and
discipline that have "followed the flag"
in the Philippines is effectual, however
barbarous it may be considered by the
makers and breakers of law at home.
Severe flogging of the men, "ducking" and flogging of the women are
the penalties now exacted for introduction into the town occupied by soldiers of the dangerous native beverage
To understand the temptation to
which the sight of beno subjects an
American soldier, It must be explained
that beno is made of the extract of
cocoanut and cane juice fermented nnd
boiled down, or of nepier juice and sugar put through a similar process.
Both varieties. are so bad that tnere
is no distinguishing them.
"Moonshine" whiskey and the Indian
hitters known as "perune," the effect
of which is almost fatal, are declared
by the soldiers to be mere soothing
syrups In comparison with beno.
Beno will drive t'he strongest man Insane, It is claimed, in six months. It
is as deadly as strychnine, but not so
hasty in Its action. Those soldiers
who, accustomed to strong stimulants,
have ventured to drink beno, have .ul
experienced the same effects. Extreme sickness la followed by great
lassitude, the nerves and muscles become deadened, the mind wanders, and
finally lunacy.
Notwithstanding all this, there are
always those who will persist in drinking the deadly beverage. This, too,
when It le known that the natives who
brew It never drink It themselves.
And In spite of the law prohibiting
the introduction of beno Into camps
and posts, there is always fome of it
available. It is handled very much
as the "whiskey bootleggers" of the
Indian Territory operate, only that
here women take the greater number
of chances, on the ground that, if
caught, the Americans will be more
merciful than they would be to a man.
A native man when caught with
beno, Is, under the direction of the
officer of the day, severely whipped.
Forty lashes are the penalty for the
first offence. For the second offence
he is given eighty lashes, and for the
third���well, we have never had a
thlrder" yet, so have never had an
opportunity to see the degree of punishment to be applied.
The women beno vendors when
caught are taken to the laguna and
"ducked." For the second offence
they are given two plunges, and for the
third they are whipped In the same
>rder as the men. No woman has as
yet offended thrice.
The officer of the day officiates at
this ceremony also. Four soldiers escort the prisoner to the bridge and n
non-commissioned officer ties a rope
around her arms and pushes her off.
The drop is about ten feet- Those
who fall to strike out for shore���and
nearly every woman here is an expert
swimmer���are assisted to shore by the
"non-com."���New York "Herald."
The camp is a collection of long
white huts, situated on a rise three
miles from Bulawayo. Here are the
Bushmen from New South Wales, from
Western Australia, from Victoria, from
Queensland and Southern Australia,
and Tasmania. They have finished
their trek, and the Beira Railway Is
only an unpleasant recollection ��� ft
bad dream of pungent smells, dead
horses, and yellow-skinned, shivering
comrades. The Bushmen are still marvelling at Bulawayo. It Is no new
sight, the mushroom city; the men
have mostly lived their lives making
such; supplying the leaven with their
own stout thews and sinews���but a
town like Bulawayo they have never
seen. The seven-year-old township
they wot of is a square laid collection
of tin shanties, with a brick prison
and, perhaps, a stone-built bank.
I dined the other evening with one
jof the Australian officers at the Grand.
The dining hall may have its equal
west of Temple Bar but It le doubtful whether Its superior could be very
easily found. A band somewhere In
the outer darkness, was playing the
opening bars of Gounod's "Faust";
there was a ripple of laughter and talk
from the dozen or so white-clothed
tables. Silver and flowers glittering
on thetables and the flash of snowy
shoulders and spotless shirt-ronts In
the glow of the self-shade electric
lamps. Many white turbaned waiters
moved silently to and fro, and there
was the cutter-clatter of knife and
dish, the popping of corks���and the
The Australian lookeJ - round, and
took it all ln.
"They tel) me," he said, "this place
Is seven years old?"
"Eight years ago it was the 'Place
of Killing,' " I answered.
He could only say simply, "It is wonderful!"
Bulawayo is just that. It la wonler-
ful. You have to walk through its
streets; Inspect its shops; take in its
splendid buildings; notice Ha public
monuments and penetrate to its suburbs���suburbs that maintain their own
police forces���to thoroughly grasp the
measure of Us wonderfulness. It is a
town with a people of its own, a
folk Indigenous to Bulawayo. It Is a
people that does not walk, because
such a town can neither be made, nor
maintained at the slow march. Everybody who doesn't ride a horse rides a
bicycle, and the business man comes
In to breakfast In his shirtsleeves.-
London "Dally Mall."
Will Introduce Fenny Postage at the
Hew Year.-Trade Relations
with Canada and the
United States.
New Zealand introduces penny postage on January 1st, a befitting commemoration ot the new century. Confident you reciprocate. I congratulaito
vou on forging another link In the
chain. (Signed) J. D. WARD, P. M.
G., New Zealand."
Such was the cable despatch received
by Postmaster-General Mulock, to
which he replied, heartily congratulating New Zealand on the adoption of
the penny postage. This will then include all the Colonies but Australia.
it was on July 12th, 1898, that Mr.
Mulock moved the resolution in London at the conference of the Colonial
representatives to bring about this reform, which has had such a force in
arousing an Imperial feeling. Mr. Mulock signed the convention with Great
Britain, not only for Canada, but, by
authority, for Newfoundland, and it
was afterwards signed by representatives of Cape Colony, Natal and the
Crown Colonies.
Mr. Seddon, Premier of New Zealand,
in his recent Budget Speech in the
Legislature at Wellington, advocated
the consideration of preferential duties, with a view to encouraging trade
The suggestion has received some attention in official circles at Ottawa. "I
presume " said a gentleman very near
the Administration, discussing the
subject to-day, "that by 'America' is
meant the United States, and that being the case, the preferential policy
would be robbed of its chief value by
including in any tariff arrangement our
principal competitors for Australasian
trade. If the Government of New Zealand wished to make a reciprocal arrangement with Canada alone, I have
no doubt that, on our part, it would be
very readily brought about."
The 33 1-3 per cent, preference now
applies to the United Kingdom, the
British West Inlles, British Guiana,
Trinidad and Tobago, Ceylon, the
Straits Settlements, and New South
Wales, but provision is made In the
Tariff Act for admitting to the benefit
of the preference "any other British
colony or possession the Customs tariff
of which is, on the whole, as favoratole
to Canada as the (Canadian) British
preferential tariff to such colony or
possession." New South Wales is the
only colony whose tariff Is considered
low enough to come within the terms
of this provision.
The tariff of New Zealand Is a
pretty high one. The last time an attempt was made to secure a reciprocal
arrangement between Canada and New
Zealand was during Sir Mackenzie
Bowell's administration, in 1895. Mr.
Ward, the Postmaster-General of New
Zealand, was in Ottawa, and at a conference with a Committee of the Cabinet, a schedule of articles, the products ot each country, as to which It
was proposed there should be reciprocity was drawn up, and an agreement, duly signed by both parties to
the conference. The Treaty was, however, thrown out by the Legislation
Committee of the New Zealand Legislature by a majority of two votes.
���  ;o:
Courts of Aulie, Nisi Prlus, Oyer and
Terminer and General Gaol Delivery will
be holden in the Court House, at 11 o'clock ln the forenoon, at the places and
on the dates following, namely:
Town of Richfield, on the 28th day of
September, 1900,
City of Victoria, on the 2nd day of
October, 1900.
City of Vancouver, on the 2nd day of
October, 1900.
Town of Clinton, on the 12th day of October, 1900.
City of Nanaimo, on the 9th day of October, 1900.
City ot New Westminster, on the 16th
day of October, 1900.
City ot Nelson, on the ltth day of October, 1900.
City of Vernon, on the 16th day ol October, 1900.
City of Kamloops, on the 23rd day of
October, 1900.
City of Revelstoke, on the 26th day of
October, 1900.
Okanogan and Spallumcheen 	
 Sept. 25, 21, and 27
Bait Spring Island Sept. 26
Surrey Sept. 26
Langley Sept. X
Kamloops ..Sept. M, (7 and 28
Chilliwack Sept. X, 27 anil 28
Vernon Sept. M and 27
Cowichan Sept, M and 29
Delta Sept. 28 and 29
Saanich Sept. �� and 29
Asherott Oct. 2, 9, 4, and 5
New Westminster Oct. 2, ��, 4 and ��
Comox Oot. 4
At St Barnabas Church on Tuesday
morning the Rector, Rev. E. G. Miller, united in marriage Mr, William
Howard Bullock-Webster, of Nelson,
Chief Provincial Constable for Kootenay, and Miss Marie Emmellne de Bau
of thi* city. Only relatives and into-
mate friends were present. Superintendent P. S. Hussey gave the bride
away, and Mr. N. B. Van Der Gucht
supported the groom. After a tour of
the Sound cities, Mr. and Mrs. Bullock-
Webster will make their home in Nelson.
The passengers on the Walla Walla
were yesterday released from their
quarantine at Williams Head. Meanwhile the steamer Tees, which arrived
from the North Is detained at the
Quarantine Station, there being aboard}
a suspicious case of sickness, the nature of which Dr. Fagan is Investigating.
The Centennial Methodist Sunday
School Is about tobe enlarged considerably.
The funeral of the late Mr. William
Winchester took place on Wednesday
the Rev. W. Leslie Clay officiating.
The funeral of the late Mrs. Wynne,
a oioneer resident took place the same
day from St. John's Church, the Rev.
P. Jenns officiating.
Gifts continue to pour in on the Jubilee Hospital. The ladles of Cowichan
are providing a fracture bed and Miser
Leiser of this City Is raising funds for
an indoor ambulance. An invalid chair
will be provided by the proceeds of
the recent lawyers' baseball match.
Large numbers' of the local Chinese
celebrated Confucius Day in their
usual style on Wednesday.
Mr. Conrad P. Schwengers of this
city was married to Miss Edith Wilson of Cadboro Bay on Tuesday afternoon at the Reformed Episcopal
Church by Bishop Cridge and the Rev.
Dr. Wilson. Many friends attended.
On Wednesday evening at the Metropolitan Methodist Church the Rev. K.
Rowe married Capt. Sears of the C.
P. N. steamer Yosemtte to Miss Carrie
M. Phillips, only daughter of Mr, Joseph E. Phillips ot this city.
There was a very large attendance
of citizens at the funeral on Wednesday of Mr. Robert Fisher, the late Superintendent of the South Wellington
mines and a victim of the recent accident at Ladysmith, The funeral services were conducted' by the Revs. C.
E. Cooper, D. Dunlop and George Taylor. The pall-bearers were Dr. W. W.
Walker and Messrs. Russell, Brennan.
Miller, McAllster, Morgan, Wall, Wilson and Sheppard. Floral wreaths were
numerous and the funeral ceremony affected most present to tears.
The first night of the Baer-Hull Spiritualist debate realised $168.75 for the
City Hospital as the result of a big.
attendance. ...
N. P. Dougan, the signaller at Ladysmith has been committed for trial for
manslaughter, as the outcome of the
recent fatal accident.
Frank Wegers sentenced to three
years imprisonment for stabling J.
Bolzano, was taken to New Westminster yesterday, there to serve his term.
The "Journal" calls the attention of
anglers to the grand trout fishing opportunities which are to be found between the town and Pennle's Station
oa the Bonaparte River. The local
merchants carry all kinds of anglers'
The Cariboo hydraulic miners hope
for a hard Winter so .as to make the
road in from this point good for heavy
haulage of machinery and supplies.
The road, is they say, very bad in
wet weather, almost untraversable.
The Labor Unions of Nel'on do not
agree with those of Rossland and are
disinclined to support the separate candidature of a laJbor man.
A gentleman named Scanlan writes)
to the "Tribune," urging the need of
analyses of the local milk, and prosecution of adulterators. He declares that
only one milkman sells the pure article.
The accusation la bold for Mr. Scanlan
signs his full name.
The expert report on the city's electric light service and Its water supply,
recommends the repair of the old dam
after the clearance of all debris. Action is being taken accordingly. The
storage capacity of the reservoir being
enlarged, simultaneously with the reinstatement of the dam. The reservoir
Is to hold 4,500,000 gallons and will
run the city lights at any time for eight
hours without any natural flow from
the creek.
A fire at the Boundary end Beaver-
ton Company's mine has caused nearly
13,000 worth of damage by the destruction of a miners' boarding-house and
other buildings about the No. 1 shaft
of the mine. The loss is practically
covered by Insurance.
The Rev. Mr. Pye, the recently-appointed Methodist Pastor here, watt
very cordially welcomed on Friday last.
The Rev. Mr. Clarke, the Anglican
Vicar, and the Rev. Bryan H. West
were amongst those who attended the
reception and spoke words of kindly
Mr. H. H. Smith, a leading merchant of this city, is under surgical care
at his home, having broken his left
arm as the result of a run-away, caused by a shying buggy horse.
Mr. Edward Tramble, of Revelstoke,
was here married on Wednesday last
to Miss Caroline Clary, of this city,
by the Revs. William Clarke and C. H.
Ridley, In St. Andrew's Episcopal
Scarcity of local labor tor the Smelter
caused the Management to insert last
week advertisements calling for workers, ln the Spokane and other outside
Stepping Stones of Industrial Great-
nen. -Catering the Prairie.���
Hew    Coadjutor. ��� "The
Handy Van".
A recent Issue of the New York
"Times" gives special attention to the
exhibits from Canada to Paris. Apples
almost a year old, some of which have
been transported from the coasts of
the Pacific, are shown in absolutely
perfect condition; butter as fresh as
when It left the dairy; eggs and cheese
��f equally inviting apeparance. This
feature Is unique In the Paris Exposition.
Mr. Th, de 'Schryver, of the Arm of
f Bishop-elect Is to be, and who la at
present returning to Canada from England, where he has been speh'ding the
' Summor months.
The annual meeting of the General
Sunday School and Epworth League
Board of the Methodist Church In
Canada was held at Toronto on September 5th. Eastern Canada was represented by the Rev. C. W. Watch,
Belleville; Dr. Griffith, Quebec; the
Rev- D. Winter and the Rev. J. T.
Mansell, Montreal; the Rev. G. J. Bond,
Halifax, and Messrs. J. A. Tompkins,
Granby, and W. Johnston, Belleville-
The General Secretary, the Rev. A. C.
Crews, read his annual statement,
which showed that the work of Sunday
Schools and Epworth Leagues was ln
a prosperous condition, the financial
statement being very satisfactory, ln
both Sunday Schools and Epworth
League sections a clear balance remained op hand. It was decided to
hold a Dominion Epworth League con
ventlon ln Toronto next Pall. The officers of the Board for the coming year
are:    iPirst    Vice-President,    Mr.    J
at home. The principal place of their
occupation Is the factory of the Havana Cigar Company on Jordan Street,
which employs between sixty and seventy men in making high-class "Ha-
vanas." The workmen are all Cubans
snd Spaniards. The Manager, 'Mr. A.
Friedman, is himself a Cuban, having
had charge of. a large factory in Havana for fourteen years. The product
of the Toronto establishment has
grown very rapidly, until the staff Is
considerably behind In their orders.
The Cubans live In good hotels and
boarding houses, except a few who
have taken up house-keeping. Many
have their families with them here-
Earning high wages, they live well and
spend money freely, some of them as
rapidly as they earn It. Mr. Friedman states that Within a few months
he expects to swell his staff to a
couple of hundred, and to also buy out
a large plant now at Key West.
Zoeller, de Schryver   &   Company, of J?1"""���' Belleville; Second Vice-Pres-
Auckland, New Zealand, le in Toronto. ��� Went, the Rev. D   Winter, Montreal:
Mr: de Scnryver-s flrm carr.ee on buel-1W*   ���e;��esUent, Jl^ J��.    W.
as commission agents, acting as
go-between for the manufacturer on
the one hand and the wholesale and
retail dealer on the other. Mr. de
Bchryver had not contemplated stop-
Ding over at Toronto, but 'intended
transacting   all his   business in   the
Woods, Toronto; Fourth Vice-President, the Rev. S. J. Deacon, Milton;
Fifth Vice-President, the Rev. C. T.
Scott, Aylmer.
The time-expired men from Esquimalt caused a -god deal of Interest in
United States. 'He was, however, in-I Montreal as they passed through. The
troduced to the President of the To- ' streets at an early hour on the morn-
ronto Carpet Manufacturing Company, | ing of September 7th resounded with
who suggested that he might be able. the skirl of the pipes and the tread
to deal just as advantageously with , 0f armed men from Her Majesty's Na-
Canadian manufacturers. Mr. de Vy. They were not the "Jackles" that
8chryver, acting on this advice, visited the girls love, says a despatch, but the
all the leading manufacturers In the red-coated and sturdy Marines, the
city,  and was  firmly convinced  that I very ideal of the British soldier.   The
through hie agency they would be enabled to do a large and profitable trade
with Australia, and entered Into agreements with a number of them to act
as their representatives.
Mr. Omer L. Auger, of Montreal, who
Is at present in Ottawa, has Just returned from Cape Nome. He says that
the alleged prosperity of that place is
a. gigantic fake and that the transportation companies are to be blamed for
the deception. While there are 10,000
people at Cape Nome, there is no more
gold there, he Bays, than ln the streets
of Hull. He, with a party of twelve,
left Montreal on April 23rd. He went
to Cape Nome by the way of Seattle,
and was two months on the journey.
He had $400 when he started, but had
very little after he had been In Cape
Dome for a few weeks. He then began to work at �� per day. Two weeks
afterwards his pay was decreased to
13 a day, and ten days later he lost his
Jo*. He Immediately started for home.
Only four of his companions were able
to accompany him on account of lack
of funds. They ate still at Cape Nome
without money or employment. Ga/nrb-
lng and violence were rife in that mining town and Auger was glad to leave
It *.
A Lethbrlde (N. W. T.) despatch
aays: "At three p. m. on Wednesday,
September 5th, the water In the Leth-
brldge branch of the Irrigation canal
reached the town limits, after having
travelled ninety-three miles. A number of prominent citizens went out to
witness its passage Into the town,
when they heartily cheered and congratulated Mr. Anderson, the chief engineer, upon the satisfactory conclusion of the great undertaking."
The Right Reverend Bishop Mills,
newly appointed Coadjutor for the Anglican Diocese of Ontario, Is the son of
the late William Mills, of Toronto. He
was born at Woodstock. Ontario, and
was educated at the Grammar School
there and at the Western University.
He pursued his theological studies at
Huron College and at Trinity University, Toronto, receiving from the latter Institution ln 1882, the "degree of B.
D., and In 1894 that of D. D. These
degrees were taken in course. He subsequently received the ad eundem degree of Doctor of Divinity from tlie
University of Bishop's College, Len-
IHe was ordained deacon by the late
Bishop Hellmuth, of the Diocese of
JUmdon, In 1872, and was prlested by
the same prelate in the following year.
After serving at Norwich, Ontario, he
became successively rector of St.
Thomas' Church, Seaforth, and of St.
John's, Quebec. In 1882 he was appointed rector of Trinity Church in
Toronto, where he remained until 1S96,
when he resigned and was appointed
Archdeacon of St. Andrew's by the
iKird Bishop of Montreal. He was in-
#talled us a Canon ot Christ Church
Cathedral In Toronto ln 1883. was chosen examining chaplain to His Lordship
Bishop Bond, ln 1885; and from 1834 to
1895 was lecturer In scripture in the
Montreal Diocesan Theological College,
of which Institution he Is a Governor.
Since 1895 he has 'been lecturer in ecclesiastical history In the same Institution. The Bishop has served as a
delegate from Ontario Diocese to the
General Synod, and was nominated for
the Bishopric of Algoma at the special
meeting of the Provincial Synod called
In 1896 to elect a successor to Bishop
Sullivan In that See. He failed to secure the necessary number of votes,
however, and the Rev. George Thorn-
loe, of Sherbrooke, was elected to the
vacancy. In 1888 the Bishop married
Katherlne, daughter of the late Stanley C. Bagg, of Toronto. He Is the
sixth clergyman from Ontario Diocese
to be elected to the dignity of ordinary
vacant Canadian sees, the others being
Bishop Dumoulin, of Niagara; Bishop
Baldwin, of Huron; Bishop Newnham,
of Moosonee;  Bishop  Bond,  of Mon-
men came through from Vancouver on
a special train, consisting of one first-
class sleeper, one commissary car, 6
colonist coaches, 2 bnggage cars, and
one first-class dining car, the whole
being in charge of the Travelling Passenger Agent, Mr. Richard Farrell,
who accompanied the party as far as
Ottawa. At that point the train was
taken in charge by Mr. Harry Ibbot-
son, of Montreal. Lieutenant Cayley
was in command of the detachment,
which comprised 12 officers and 247
men. Among Lieutenant Cayley's fellow passengers were Lieutenant Metcalfe; Captain Kirby (Invalided home
to England); Lieutenant Morant, Lieutenant Wllklng, Lieutenant, 'Maids,
Sub-Lieutenant Oxlade, Surgeon Harris, Engineer Patterson, Assistant Engineer Jenkins, Clerk Waterhouse, and
Boatswain Hutchison.
On reaching the city both officers and
men partook of light refreshments at
the Place Vlger Hotel, and the latter
were subsequently marched to the
Tunisian, on which ship they were
taken to England. The parade was
headed by a pipe band, and the streets
through which the men passed were
Craig, Gosford, Notre Dame, and
Jacques Cartler square. Although the
hour was an early one. six o'clock, the
men attracted a good deal of attention. They were well set-up fellows,
and appeared smart and intelligent.
There was a "row ln the house" the
other day ln Gait. The Centre Hotel
verandah was taken down by the Civic
authorities, notwithstanding Proprietor Caldwell's appeal to the County
Court. He was taken quite unawares.
Six policemen protected the men, but
Caldwell did his best to stop the work,
having to be handcuffed once. Fearing that there might be a riot, Acting
Mayor Duncan Murray made requisition for a company of the 29th Regiment, and 25 men of the Hespeler Company, with sergeants and officers, were
brought down by trolley, Lieutenant-
Colonel Aoheson commanding. They
were not needed, however, as after a
couple of hours' resistance Caldwell resigned the verandah to its fate.
Rat Portage has also had its attempt at Jail-breaking recently.
What nearly proved a successful attempt was discovered the other day.
While inspecting the corridor Jailer
Martin and Provincial Constable Emmons discovered a hole 18 inches
square through the outer wall of a cell
occupied by a young man named
Walker, who was convicted recently of
burglarising a clothing store and sentenced to a term in the Central Prison. Constable Emmons' attention was
attracted to some lime on the floor of
Walker's cell and upon closer Inspection found a heap of brick, stone and
mortar under the prisoner's bed. This
led to a thorough inspection of the
cell, and the hole above mentioned,
cleverly concealed with pictures, was
discovered. The prisoners, some eight
or nine ln number, were alt placed in
Irons. It was evidently the Intention
of the prisoners to make their escape
that night, and the attempt was frustrated Just in time. The hole was
made with a piece of glass and a bit
of hoop Iron. Had the prisoners made
their escape six men sentenced to
terms in the Central would have been
at lar^e.
The ships that are carrying Canadians and Americans to Cuba to open
up the Pearl ot the Antilles are being
provided with return lists of passengers and cargoes. The war which resulted In the destruction of Spanish
power In the West Indies has also resulted In the extension ot the acquaintanceship ot the Cubans with
their northern neighbors. During the
struggle of 1898 many of their number
came to this country and the United
States as refugees, and of these a considerable proportion have remained.
They found wages were much higher
than ln their own country, which fact
ireaZ and the late Bishop Sullivan, of j was an Inducement for them to stay.
Algoma. The consecration will take In Toronto there have arrived from
place In 'St. George's Cathedral, Kings-' time to time Cubans who now constl-
ton In OcTober, and It Is probable that tute a falr-slsed colony. As in their
the' consecrating prelate will be the native land, the majority of them en-
Arohblshop of Ontario and Metropoll- gage In the cigar and tobacco business,
tan of Canada, whose co-adjutor the  whioh they have learned to perfection
Successfully Launches His New Party
in Japan, the Association of
Constitutional Political
Appointments and Announcements in
Current "British Columbia Gazette"
The following appoint incuts and announcements appear la the current number of the ".British Columbia Gazette:"
Joihn Kinsman, of the City of Victoria^
Alderman, to be a member of the Board
of Licensing Commissioners for the said
city, vice Alderman Alexander Stewart,
Francis Xavler Martin, of the City of
Vancouver, to be a Justlco of the Peace
for the County of Vancouver.
Rupert E. McKi'bbon, of Steveston, M,
D., to be a, Coroner for and within the
Province of Bnitlsh Columbia.
John Black McKilllgan, of the City ' of
Vancouver, to be a Surveyor of Taxes and
Inspector of Revenue,
E. Owen Malins, of the City of New
Westminster, to be a Clerk in the Office
of the Registrar of the Supreme and
County Courts, at the said city.
Henry Nicholson has been appointed
Mining Recorder for Camp McKinney,
vice Charles Wenter.
The date of the sitting of the Court of
Assize at Clinton has been postponed from
the 5th to the 12th October. The sitting
at Riohlleld has been cancelled.
Notice is given of the assignment of
Hewitt Bostock, M. P., to J. F. Helllwell,
of Vancouver. A meeting of creditors is
palled for September 26th. Notice of the
assignment of the British Columbia
Printing & Engraving Corporation to the
same assignee is also given. The meeting of creditors Is called for Sept*mn<n
Notice is also given of the assignment
of A. N. Sandell, formerly of Victoria,
and lately conducting business at Vancouver under the name of the Sandell
Shirt Company. He assigned to Sheriff J.
D. Hall. All claims against the assignor
are to be submitted prior to October 10th.
Aaother Vancouver failure noted Is that
of Alfred Berg, doing business at the Ter.
minal City under the name of the Vancouver Bottling Works. He assigned in
favor of J. K. M-cCredy. The creditors
will meet on October 1st.
Tenders are called for the binding of
800 volumes of statutes, :W0 of journals,
and 300 of sessional papers. Tenderers are
to state price per volume, Including labelling. The tenders will be received until
noon, September 17th.
Notice Is given that a public highway
has been established in Esquimalt district commencing at a post planted at
the corner o( Sections 57 and 68, on the
northern boundary of Section 59; thenca
north 50 deg. east (Ast.y on the section
line between Sections 57 and 58, a distance
of 30 chains, more or less, to the Rocky
Point Road, taking a width of 15 feet on
each side of the said section line between
Sections 57 and 58.
Seven notices are given of application
for licences to prospect for coal on lands
situate on the Tel-kwa River, Cassslar
District. Tlie applicants are 8. M. Robins,
C. W. D. Clifford, W. R. Bryant, J. H.
Harwood, Capt. John Irving, Jane Irving
and J. D. Quine.
The Incorporation, us an extra-Provln-
clal Company of the King Solomon's Mining Co., of Phoenix, Arizona, is given notice of. The capital is stated at 830,000,000,
divided into 30,000.000 shares at $1 each.
The head office in this Province is situated
at Wampsha, Woodbury Creek, and D, H.
Nellis, engineer, of Wampsha, is attorney for the Company. The time or existence of the Company is 25 years. All the
usual privileges are asked for.
Notice Is also given of the incorporation
of the Hall Mines Mining & Smelting
Company, of Nelson, with head offices
there, and a capital amounting to ��825,000
In 325,000 shares of ��1 each. The usual
privileges are asked for.
An Order-In-Councll Is published disallowing the Liquor Licence Act or 1809;
the Mldway-Pentlcton Railway Subsidy
Act of 1899: the Placer Mining Act of l^TO;
and An Act to Amend the Coal Mines
Regulation Act.
Marquis Ito Is a burning and a shining light Just now In the Mikado's
Kingdom, and as leader of the Progressist Moderates, and representative of
modern culture and New World civilization, his career Is watched with a
good deal of Interest from Europe. In
this connection it Is of moment to read
in the Oriental mail that the promoters
of the Rikken Seiyukal (I. e.. Association of Constitutional Political Friends)
as the new Japanese party formed by
Marquis Ito Is called, held a meeting
on August 25th, at Tokyo, to make preliminary arrangements for the formal
establishment of the party. At that
meeting, the Marquis after thanking
the gentlemen present for their attendance and consent to become promoters
at his request, said he would not state
the general aims and principles of the
Association, which had been already
published in the newspapers. With all
his earnest desire to attain the political progress of the country in accordance with -the principles laid down, he
could not think It possible to reap the
sweet fruits of Constitutional Government In the course of a few years.
Every country passing from the despotic to the constitutional form of Government had spent many long years
before It obtained good results, and
Japan would have to wait equally long.
It must be especially borne In mind
that it was only ten years ago that
Japan had adopted the present form
of Government. Thirty years ago, the
country was under the
and had had no communication with
the outside world for several centuries.
As the constitutional form of Government was thus quite new to the people and had no parallel in the history
of .the country, we had mainly to depend upon the experience of Europe
and America for our guidance. We
were adopting principles similar to
other countries, in spite of the difference In 'manners, customs and habits
of the people, as well as of the national
orgarlsatlon; and means .taken for our
national development, the results and
the manner of transition would, therefore, naturally differ from those of other
countries. We must take the course
best adopted, most advantageous and
beneficial to our own country. It went
without ?aying that while the principles were the same,, the results would
differ In different countries. It was
not an easy task to obtain good results
of cr institutional Government, but that
no other form of Government was so
well fitted to the promotion of civilization was admitted in all countries, Japan adopted the policy of progress since
the Restoration, adolishing the feudal
system; laid the basis of the Nation
in the Imperial House, anil took measures for the encouragement of education; then with the intention of giving
civil rights to the people and thereby
advancing the prosperity and position
of the country by the harmonious working of all ranks, promulgated the Constitution, and came to what she was
now. In order to perfect
it was necessary not only to carry out
judiciously the administrative and legislative measures of the Central Government, but also to strengthen and
develop the basis of local corporations;
the system of local self-government. In
other words, central affairs must go
aide by side in unison with the local
development. Governed by fixed rules
und principles as the affairs of the Central Government were, they must always keep up with the progress of the
Nation. We had, therefore, always to
think of making Improvements. Such
a course, however, could not be successfully pursued by Government olllcia's
alone, unless the people In a body directed tlieir efforts toward the same
end. He (the Marquis) thought, therefore, that it was one of the most important duties of a political party to
diffuse political knowledge and lead the
people toward the right course. The
development of local administration
and self-government must accompany
the development of agriculture, commerce and industry. But people on-
gaged in these branches of business
generally considered themselves alien
to politics and were used to regard politicians as a special class; while In fact
no on ��� could understand political questions touching their business, and having Important bearings on their personal welfare and existence better
���then they themselves. They did not
seem .to be aware that such questions
could be left to the discussion of others,
and that they themselves must bo
If they were to protect tlieir own interests and perform their duties towards
It waa only when laws were
was able to give such encouragement
and training to the people. But as he
and his friends were doubtless In the
position of superiors toward the men
of the rising generation, tt was their
imperative duty to make endeavors for
cultivating the intellectual faculties of
the people. No law, no system, however beautifully formed, could be effective If It was not ln the hands of
able men, He was, therefore, anxious
to train young folks so as to make them
fit for the task of promoting the national weal in their respective sphersa
In the future. Anent the subject of
he had spoken in various places. The?
gentlemen present having been engaged
In party affairs for many years, had
doubtless much more experience than
he In such questions. He thought, however, it was a difficult task for anybody
to keep together a large number o' men
under strict discipline-, especially when
these n en were not restrained like s d-
diers. but free to think and act In anyway they liked. But without order and
discipline, no political party could consistently express its views in the legislature or act In the way of guiding
the people to a right course. As an
individual politician must guard himself against evils and abuses, so a political party must show its course and
policy movements compatible with
strict discipline and order, with a view1
to promoting the national weal and
benefiting the people. The gentlemen
present would uf course agree with
him In this connection, but he mentioned the necessity of maintaining
order and discipline by way of asking
them to pay particular* attention to
this fact in making arrangements for
the formal establishment of the party.
Hitherto he had not invited any outsider to join the party, and he understood various rumors were afloat with
reference to the personnel of the party.
Now that the party was on the stage
to commence operations, he would ask
the gentlemen present to commence
such invitation. The invitation, however, must be confined to those holding the same views as those he had
publicly announced, otherwise men of
different principles would prove themselves prejudicial to the party. It was
not desirable to enlist large numbers
of people Indiscriminately at the beginning. It would be better to
and gradually expanu the list as the
principles of the party were better
and more widely understood by the
public. There was no necessity at ail
to admit men who would join the party
simply for the sake of novelty, without
sufficiently understanding the principles. Parties in the past had been
started by dint of peculiar circumstances. But in the orderly state of
the~country. actions or a political party
should be those of civilians and essentially peaceful. Rowdy behavior of the
SOsht cla<w must bo strictly guarded
against. The admittance of turbulent
rogues and people seeking chances
through the party would be contrary
to the aims and principles of the party.
The party, however, should be open to
any one who thoroughly understood Its
principles and wished to join it, irrespective of the views he had held in the
past. He (the Marquis) saw no necessity to inquire into the past, and assort men according to their former
connections. Such narrowness as to
maintain old feelings and reject any
one who had opposed him and his
friends, even if he now sympathised
with their views, he would strongly
condemn. Some other gentlemen than
those present might be included
among the promoters of the party, but
he would not fall to consult with them
Is the  more she
A fine (low of natural gas baa been
struck on a farm near Lynden, in the
vicinity of Brantford.
As a result of the consolidation of 22
of the largest laundry concerns In Chicago into one Corporation, prices have
been advanced all along the line. The
capitalisation of the big combine Is $2,-
An Eastern Syndicate, headed by Mr.
Thomas Kennedy, is going to establish
a two-sett woollen mill In British Columbia, probably at Nelson. The capital
proposed Is $125,000, of which about half
has already been subscribed.
Mr. W. W, Moore, of the Department
of Agriculture, Ottawa, left a few days
ago for Cape Town, South Africa, for
the purpose of developing trade in the j the State.
interests of the Department.    He will - passed, that they might leave matters
be absent until the last of January.       | In the hands of Government or com-
During August the sales of lands by , minal officials; but In making the laws
the Manitoba Government amounted to' they themselves should take part, and
4,019 acres, for which the sum of $11,856 have their views expressed in such
was realised, in comparison with 1,760 laws. I>t being the speaker's earnest
acres sold for $5,758 during the corres- j desire to have various branches of busl-
pondlng month last year. I ness represented in the Parliament, he
About thirty-five million feet of deals would use the Infiuence of the new
have been shipped from West Bay party just formed, with the support of
(Parrsboro), so far this season. There the gentlemen present, for encouraging
are more to go, but it Is difficult to get business men of all classes to take
tonnage. The shipments wilt exceed pant In politics and contribute their best
forty millions. services towards the State.    Buch en-
A writer In the Montreal "Herald" couiageirent would also serve to de-
draws attention to the successful work velop the Intellectual faculties of the
performed by the ice-breaking steamers people, besides benefiting them In their
built for Russia by the Armstrongs, public and private capacities. It was
and asks why the St. Lawrence River from among the people trained to poll-
could not be kept open for navigation tics 'that great statesmen rose In any
much longer than at present, by means country. He, with his meagre know-
of similar appliances, ���        ledge, would not venture to say that he
A dog may have fleas, but a flea never
has dogs.
The plainer a  won
Continued   cheerfulness
sign of wisdom.
Three chief feasts during which the Chinese tako legal holidays are those of the
dragon, the moon and the year. Five days
attend the first two and thirty the last.
Those who have lived In China for any
time   invariably   award   the   palm   for   at-
tractlveness to the feast of (lowers, which
occurs In the Spring. Then the trees are
In bloom and every private garden In tho
land is a flower show of the first order,
In thousands of thrifty homes the people
make their favorite rice wine, marching
out In procession to the accompaniment
of music to the rice llolds.
The Guelph face was certainly not In the
ate English Poet Laureates mind when
he created the phrase "tlp-tllted like the
petal of a flower." to express a certain
typi ui feature. Queon Victoria's faco it
mlghi hu Imagined, was sufficiently familiar to her subjects-even to those whose
souls cannot rise out of the fog or nrt.
it is, therefore, amusing to rind thai the
artist who designed one of the stamps of
the Mauritius, gave Her Majesty n re-
trousse nose. Was this Ignorance, care-
| lessnoes or preoccupation with the face of
another lady?
The term grouse has been borrowed from
the French, the old French adjective
"griesche/ signifying gray, from which
some 800 years ago, originated the plural
word "grlce," modified Into, the singular
[ "grows." Before Mien the grouse was
; known as the moor fowl, or mulr fowl, tho
j term being applied equally to black game
��� and gray game, but in course of time tha
name "grouse," came to be applied ex-
cluslvelj to the red variety, Othor derivations have been given of the word,
hut they aro somewhat far-fetched, and,
looking to the many >ither terms of French1
origin used to the present day in Scotland and unknown In England, there
should be little doubt that the term his
come from Prance, with which Scotland
at the timo had close relations, In the
Gaelic the term most employed is "cenrc-
I'haoich," signifying the heather hen,
which is descriptive, as without heather
ihe grouse cannot exist for any length of
It Is given out 'that the locomotive
works are to be removed from Kingston
to some place across the line, the cause
being said to be the giving of contracts
by the Canadian Government to American firms. MM
Lardeau Eagle.
Published everv Wednesday morning nt tht
office of publication, Ferguson, B 0.,by
Advertising Hates: Display ads., fl.50 per
column Inch per month. Legal ads. 12 cents
per (nonparlcD line for first insertion ; 8 cents
For each additional insertion. Reading notices
15 cents per line each Issue,   No ads. accepted
at less than full rates.
Subscription hates: By mill or carrier,<2.00
per annum ; fl.00 for six months, To foreign
addresses 52.60,  Stopped at expiration.
fob Prlntlnt-: The Uuglo Job departments
well equipped, and Is prepared to execute nil
kind* of printing at holiest prices.
jJSp-Xo cheques accepted.
Address all communlcstlons to tho
Public ownership.
Direct legislation.
Pin your fallb to tbe Larcleivu.
Canada Bhould own tho C. I'. R,
Oh! for twenty miles of rutlway,
Smoke Cigars
And an all times insist on the
box bearing the blue label.
It helps manufacturers to see the force
of paying fair and honest wages*
The Label Committee, C. M. I. U.
t        SMOKE
Many a man protests that !i
lay down !;!.* lifo fpr a won
after marriage ho won't lay
carpet for.
The introduction of a Labor candl
date to politics in Kootenay is the
death-warrant to partyism.���Sandon
Ono thine that it seems the people
have difficulty in understanding is,
that there can be capital without a
capitalist. They have boen taught to
look upon capitalists as a necossity to
employ them. There is an immense
amount of capital invested in tbe
postoffice system and it employs many
hundred people, but there is no capitalist connected or necessary. All capital
could and should bo furnished in the
same way.
With the construction of twenty
milps of railwa' this fall, that time-
worn excuse for some of tho mining
companies iu this district of "wait till
tho railway comes" would be knocked
into a cocked hat. And what a pity il
would be for some of them, who are at
present keeping their shareholders'
spirits up on the strength of "no ruil-
way." If there was a railway some of
these companies would either ho out of
business or many p"operties, now
prospects, turned into shippers. The
companies with noore bodies, "waiting
for a railway" would then be caught
in the act���in the soup as it were. And
it is time they were.
There has, in all. been about $4a,000
spent on'the wnyon road between here
and the Landing, enough to build us a
railway that would answer the pur
No prospector takes chances on
relocating a worthy mineral claim, for
he simply sleeps on the property until
midnight and the stakes already prepared do the trick.
The Queen's
Hotel ���.
Abrahamson Bros., Proprietors.
The C.P.R. has reduced the passenger fare in Manitoba to three cents a
mile. If the government owned the
road tho fare would be less than a cent
a mile.���New Denver Ledge.
If the Revelstoke people were to
make an effort to secure the construction of tho railway between deep water
landing on tlio Arm and Forguson (on
the survey line now made) the Nelson
wholesalers might arouse themselves
and endeavor to get the southern end
ot tho lino built.
$V$ &%^^%%k$^*fc
The Union Label
On everything you buy Is a guarantee
that the producers thereof receive a fair
rate of wages for its production.
Insist on having the label.
Everything now and up to date."
Fire proof safe1.
Finest Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
 Jg i~���
Cheerful dining room;
A 1 service.
HJHMHfe 4K^^^^
Sec that this Label is on all Clothing you buy.
Do nnt bo Annoyed if at tho expiration of
your subscription tne Eagle ceases io fly your
way. Due notice will be sent you ond if there
is no response your name will beaut off. It
stives us time nnd money, and "business is
While here a week ajjo D. W. Moore,
the C. P. R. ore buyer for the Trail
smelter, said that the company Intended to make Trail tho Bmeltlnp;
point for the entire Kootonay. This
being the case tbe Lardeau has no
particular reason (except to reach
Nelson wholesalers as against Vancouver) for tin; construction of tbe
expensive or southern portion of the
Trout lake valley road. All we
actually need at present is twenty
miles of steel between hero and the
deep water landing on tbe Arm. There
are comparatively no obstacles to
contend with and tbe results would
handsomely repay the first cost inside
of six months.
NOTICE is HEREBY GIVEN that ono raontli
after date I Intend to apply to tho Chief ('om
missioner of Lands and Works to purchase^
acres of land in tho District of West Kootenay,
described ns follows: Commending at a post
marked "Jacob Smith's south-west comer "
placed on tbe west bank of the little west foi
of tho west fork of tho Duncan river, about40
chains north of the mouth of tlie littlo west
fork; thenconorth 40 phalnB) thence oust sn
chains; thoncosoutti lOcholnsj thonce ivesl 80
chains to point of commencement.
Ferguson, II. C September 'ii, 1900.        31-31
One of the mainstay planks in tbe
Conservative policy, and for the matter
the Liberals too, is "protection." Now,
protection is a good thing, if it were
protection; but to protect industries
which arc controlled by a few rapidly-
growing-rich men and who are daily
exploiting tbe large majority of the
people, is not protection in its true
meaning. If, on the other hand, the
government itself was the manufacturer or producer and as- a people
we thought protection advisable, then
shove on your protection. But the
brand of "protection" now mooted out
is nothing morn or less than a systematic underhand means of robbing the
masses to enrich private manufacturers
and provide funds for crooked politicians. It is indeed timo for a
Tako notice that v.o the undersigned Co-owners with you of the Jumbo, Florence, Union
Jack, Canadian Hoy, Independant and Parrsboro mineral claims, Bltuated on the south
fork of tho Lardeau creek in tho Trout Lake
Mining Division of West Kootonay in the
Province of British Columbia, havo performed
aud recorded tho assessment work and made
the expenditure required to bo done and
recorded on the above mentioned claims for
the year 1890 as well as tho yeais 1808,1897 aud
1R98  under section V\ Of the Mineral Act und
Lho years for which such work was performed
and expenditure inado having oxplred wo do
hereby give you notice pursuant toSection4of
the Mineral Act Amendment Act 1000, to contribute your proportion of such expenditure
forthe years hereinbefore mentioned within
DO days of the first publication- hereof.
hated at Trout Lake this 20th day of September A. D.1000.
81*43 L. THOMPSON,   Co-Owneis.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN thai (80) thirty
days afterdate I Intend applying to tie Chief
Commissioner Of Lands nnd Works for a license
to em and carry away timber Irom lho following described binds situated in Trout Lako
mining division of West i ootonay: Common*
cing at a i.ost on Triune crcok.a tributary of
the south fork of the Urdeail liver;  thence
running west 12a chains; thenco north no
chains; thenco oast 128 chains; thenco south
BO chains to the point of commencement, containing io(w acres more or less,
Forguson, it. c��� September 13, woo,
It does the EAGLE good to see the
"Farmers'   Sun,"   and   sundry   newspapers squoailing ovor tbo oppression
and price-raising trusts.   After n time
they will discover that it i.-s no political
party which is to blame,  but themselves.   These trusts are all right���for
those who own them.   But why not tlie
whole people own thorn, then all would
receive tho benefits accrued therefrom.
The profits would then go into a public
fund  for the public good.   If, instead
of  "protecting"   those   "home  industries" (trusts In disguise) the government would start in and compete how
quickly the trusts would sell   to tho
said    government.    Then    all    alike
would   receive   the    benefit.    Goods
would be manufactured for wear aud
use, not for profit only.   Adulteration
and paint and putty yould1 he less in
evidence; living wager, would be paid,
under   better ccondltiono and shorter   C)n-f/3kt9tyiJalSc>/^    .Q^a-m
hours, and tho goods would be sold at jQMilQF^jFlhC^   I3SGF
a slight advance on the cose of pro- AllUrdaauyiaadlnghotoishandle It
ductlon.   Hut no, that would never do.
Why! that would bo socialism. Bntorpru.* -^'[^y^
month I Intend to apply to the Cbtr-f CommU
Bloner of Lands and Works to purchase ��
acres of land in the Distriot of West Kootonay
Bltuated on tho west side of Duncan rive:
Immediately north of the mouth of McDonald
creek nnd more particularly described us follows :  Commencing nt n post marked " H. M.
Curler's 8, 10. Corner," thence WOBl 10 Hialijs.
thenco north 20 chains, thence cast 10 mains,
thence ninth '20 chains to the point of commencement.
Dated at Trout Luke this llih day of September,A. It. 1U0O.
29-82 11. M. CARTER.
Ferguson Packing
and Transfer Outfit.
Contracts entered into for packing of
Mining Supplies, etc., to any point
in the district.
Good, prompt service, and any work
undertaken guaranteed.
Freighting frotu Thomson's Landing
to Forguson a specialty.
S. DANEY, Proprietor.
..Hotel Lardeau..
/. Laughton, Proprietor.
Ferguson, B. C.
ku    nitui u.jmuu ����u ns��iiii ��w��. SITUATED ON VICTORIA AYE.   jji
well h aiiTEn a:;d heated rooms.
and Freighting
Business For Sale
Three stupes und ten bead ot horses,
with muil contract in connection.
Fifteen head of saddle horses with
Twenty head of freight horses with
five freight wagons; ore sleighs
and all necessary ringing, extra
stables at Thomson's Landing,
Trout Lake City and Ferguson.
Will sell tiny ptirt of the Above to suit purchaser.
Forpartioulnrs; write
Craig & Hillman,
Halcyon Hot Springs
Sanitarium ....
The most complete pesor! on lha continent
of North Amorloa, Situated midst scenery
unrivalled for grandeur, Hnating. fishing
and excursions, llesldont physician aim
nutso. in telegraphic communication with
all parts of tho world. Two mails arrive and
dopartovery do v. its baths on.ro all nervous
and muscular disoBEes Its valors heal all
kidney, liver and stomach ailments, Its
bailis und wRtprb urea euro roimidv airnlnst
all argentiferous poisons. TJCUMS: $16 to
|18 per week, according to rosldouco In hotel
or villas.
When you wont a Cool
Refreshing OrinK
I Hotel Ferguson
The Bar is supplied with the best brands of ',
Wines, Liquors and Cignrs.
Headquarters for Mining and Commercial
Men.   Tenderfeet comforted.
Ktites $3.00 u day nnd upwards,
Ferguson Bros., Proprietors.
Canadian Pacific
"Imperial Limited"
Fast Daily Service between   Atlantic and
Improved Connecting Bcrvico to and from
Kootenay country.
First ('lass Sleeper on  all   trains   from
Arrowhead and Kootenay Landing.
Tourist Cars pass Rovolstoko, dally for St.
Paul, Fridays for Mom teal and Boston.Sun*
days nnd W(;dm*iliiys I'm- Toronto.    Smne i-ars
puss Medicine Hat one day later.
Pally Train to and from Revelstoite and
main line
19.4.-) lv ARROWHEAD arr fi.25
Dally Btoainoi'i connecting for Kootenay
points and Crows Nest Line
U5 lv ARROWHEAD arr 19.85
For  rates,
apply to
tickets and   full  information
Wholesale Markets^
Rossland. Nelson. Sandon, Grand
Porks, Revelstoke, Greenwood
und Vancouver.
Retail Markets	
Rossland,'Trail, Nelson, Ymir,
Kaslo. Sandon, Now Denver,
Silverton, Cascade City, Grand
Forks, Greenwood, Phauilx,
Midway, Camp McKinnoy, Revelstoko, Vancouver, Ferguson.
Manager Ferguson Branch.
.1. MoOREEKY, ARont Arrowhead,
T. W, DEADSHAW, Agt. Rovolmoko.
Or lo	
W, F. ANDERSON,T. I1. A., Nelson, B.C.
i. J. COYI.E, AflBt. Pass.Agt.1 Vancouver, B. 0,
Stationery is in our line
received Hill
;,   l'utronlze
The Eagle.
And we have just received a fine Block
of Letter  l��nd��.   Patronize
Pur People Who-
riio" Eagle" baa the following list of books
for sale:
Caesar's Column, (Donncly) ������ ��� .
The American Peasant, fribbles)	
Ten Men of Money Mand. [Norton!	
A Tram p in i-'oclcly. lOowdrevi	
Better Days, ��� Mtchl	
An Ideal Republic, [I'ht-lpsj I.,
Christ the HntdaUst	
AiuorleanPuopIcVMon^y, IHomic-lly]...
The Little Slateainau, [Armstrong* 	
Government Ownership of Railroad*..,.
by KG. R.Gdnlon	
Poanisfor ibo Pooplo, W.F. Phelps	
in Hell .and tbo Way Out, by U. E, Allen,...
One Way to Co-operative t'ominouw^jilih,,IO.'.
Uw, Labor and l.i'turty, by K. V. IJehs Me.
The Couceiitration of Wealth; Is. Irvliijr... ,10b.
A Pure DeinocMcy. bv 11. K Tbonipsoii.,.. use.
Direct U>Kh;latimi. by J. \V. Huillv.111  Khfa
Municipal l-iH'iaii.*in, by K.G, R. Unrdon...]wc.
A 1\H', Tilings About Trust;' n>.
Hard Tltnett, c��u��eandcnre,hv ��6rdou....Hli.',
The Sow and His Money Laws li'*,
Morrle EngUnd, by RobertlUfttfhfonl SB''.
The Story of My DicMtor.��hl-p Wt*.
LunkinjT IJivkwiird, bv Ifdwurd OcMntiir... \!.i;\
YM ;W.-k':\ naURhtor, by >iiir{-nrc-t H. IM^.^if.
A [Jiniirlits.'i-nf ihurnnity, by IC'M. Siiillb. tfir.
An Appeal forthe blind, hy w. a. Kati'llftoild*,
Pioportloual Repreueutatiyu Ku>
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I'ertiifl, S3 a
At the 1898 session of the Dominion
Trades of Labor congress held in
Winnipeg, tho following platform was
adopted. We would especially commend it to the consideration of the
workers of British Columbia at tlie
present timo:
1. Free compulsory education.
2. Legal working day of eight hours
and six days a weok.
3. Government inspection of all industries.
4. Tho abolition ot the.contract system on all public wovks.
5. A minimum living wage, based
on local conditions.
6. Public ownership of all franchises, such as railways, telegraphs,
waterworks, lighting, etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation on industry und increasing it on
land values.
8. Abolition of the Dominion senate.
9. Exclusion of Chinese.
'' * 10.   The union label on all manufao-
,' tured goods, where practicable, on  all
government supplies.
11. Abolition of child labor by
children under 14 years of age; and of
.female labor in all branches of industrial life, such as mines, workshops,
factories, etc.
12. Abolition of property qualification for all public offices.
13. Compulsory arbitration of labor
14. Proportional representation and
the cumulative vote.
15. Prohibition of prison labor in
competition with free labor.
United Sate of North America
of the United Hatters of North America. When you
\ ars buying a FUR
1 HAT, either sou or
I -ttlff, sue to it that
tho genu(no ONION
LABEL is sowed in
it. If a retailer lias
loose labels ln his
possession and offers to put one In a
bat for you, do not
patronize him. He
has not any right to havo loose tabids. Loose
labels in retail stort's are counterfeits. Do not
listen to any cxolauatfon aa to why tbe hat has
no label. The Genuine Onion Label is perforated on the four edges exactly the same as a
postage stamp. Couterfeits are sometimes
perforated on three of tbe edges, and sometimes
only on two. Keep a sharp lookout for the
counterfeits. Unprincipled manufacturers arc
using them in order to get rid of their scab-
made bats. The John li. Stetson Co. and Henry
II. Roelofs, both of I'biltulelphla, Pa.rare nonunion concerns.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President. Orange, N. J.
JOHN PHILLIPS, Secretary,477 Park Ave,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Time Table   No. 51
Taking Effect, June loth.
Monday, at 7 o'clock a. m. Regular freight
steamer will leave Victoria at midnight on
Tuesday and Thursday nnd Vancouver at midnight on Wednesday and Friday.
on arrival of 0. P. Railway No. 1 train. Regu-
lur freight steamers will leave Victoria at 12
p. m, on Tuesday and Thursday and Vancouver
at 12 p. m. on Wednesday and Friday.
n:-;w westmivster route.
leave victoria for new westminSTER, Lfttlbor. Lulu and Islands, Monday,
Wednesday and Friday at 7 a. m,
LEAVE NEW WESTMINSTER FOR VICTORIA and way ports���Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday at 7 o'clock a. m.
steamer Beaver leavea NEW WESTMINSTER
for Chilliwack and way landings, Tuesday,
Thursday aud Saturday at8 ft. m.i connecting
at Mission City with 0. P. it. from Vancouver.
Returning loaves Chilliwack for New West
minster, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday at 7
a. m.i connecting with boat for Victoria.
Steamships ol this Company leave from
Evans, Coleman A Evans' wharf, Vancouver,
for Naas and intermediate portSi every Monday
at'J p. m.
Steamships of this Company leave from
Evans, Coleman & Evans' wharf, weekly for
Wraugul and skagway.
Steamers lOflVfl Victoria for AHierni, Ahouset
and way pnrtiron lit, 7th, 14th and 20th of each
month cxtalidlug later iri'.s to Quatsino and
Capo Scott Tlio Company reserves tho right
of changing this Time Table at any time without notif1 cation,
tiencral Freight Agent.
Passenger Agent.
The Lardeau District
A Dozen Shippers This Winter
Editor;   N. 0. FANNING.
Associate:  John Emory McLean.
This famous magazine is now published ln
New York.
It Is hu absolutely free and Independent
journal of the first idriss, pre.sen ting both sides
of tbe leading quostlous ot the day from the
pens of the best writers,
progressive and vigorous, vet Fcbolarly and
high toned, it should he read by every ono
desirous of obtaining up-to-date information.
It la indispensable to every advanced mind.
��r> Cents n Copy.        -       .StS.fto n Yeur,
At all liewstands,;6r post-paid by the publishers
'���me'Ulldg,,   NJ5W YOKK, N. Y.
"Witfi the Advent ot a railway over One
Hundred properties within a radius of ten
miles of Ferguson could become shippers
in three months9 time."
uson is
Ferguson is the supply point
of the Lardo=Duncan country*
Ferguson is the Payro
... Centre...
Come Straight to Ferguson
The Rossland-Nelson of the Lardeau. ��
Come and see the town and district for yourself.
They will stand investigation.    BUY NOW.
LOCAL AGENT. Hew s**t*v\   a '���/���-���;
��� .��� ;.; ��� ���.- .���
A Glimpse at Machadodorp, Where Mr.
Kroger lately Preiided Over
the Deliberations of His
Moribund Ministry.
Com Paul has at length moved himself and his Capital outside of Transvaal territory. The latest site of that
���quantite negligeable Is in Portuguese
limits, hut up to a week ago
Ills railroad car was stationed
at Machadodorp, Here, wrote a correspondent nf r the Toronto "Globe," on
June 28th, the little hotel rejoices In
ihe high-sounding title of Hotel de
France, althought a German flag floats
over It. When I went over from the
train to engage a room the German
l��roprletor told me there were no rooms
to be obtained for love or money. The
place was "full up." He was turning j
people away. There had never been
jjuch a rush In Machadodorp before,
and a number of hie guests were obliged to take lodgings on the floor of the
billiard room.
He then renewed his work of opening a bottle of beer every thirty seconds for the jam of thirty customers,
and left me face to face with the prospect of sleeping out on the veldt or of
���securing a corner of a flat car. Both
of these alternatives were unpleaslng,
for when the sun goes down up in this
S.70G foot altitude a cold spell sets in
that reminds one of Winter Jn Medicine
We crossed a couple of tracks,
rounded a long row of flat-cars heaped with a cargo either valuable or dangerous, dutifully threw away our cigars at the request of a Boer guard :
and Stopped at President Kruger's
An Executive session of the Council
was being held In the car, and through
the half-closed blinds were visible a
number of old men sitting in the observatory compartment, At this time and
vnder these conditions I got my first
glimpfi*? ��t President Kruger, He
wore his ta.'l ffUK hat and was standing, talking loudly to" the Councillors
British control all the cables leading
to South Africa, and would probably
let nothing come through that might
reveal to us that their forces were to
be deeply Involved elsewhere. I ;
derstand that the situation Is rather
serious in China."
I now began to meet a great many
Boers about Machadodorp, who certainly were of a sort to destroy any
preconceived idea that the Transvaal-
er Is a rough, Ignorant, bigoted man
of narrow prejudices. Mr. Malherbe,
the Treasurer-General, and Mr. Marals,
the Auditor-General, are good types of
the men who are now
of government. They are both old
men, very good-humored, very bewhls-
kered, und very cordial to Americans.
At least they were to me.
They talked about the War quite
freely and did not seem to be In the
least degree despondent or downcast.
When they spoke of the British there
was no bitterness or resentment. It
was "General Roberts this," and "General Buller that," with no savage qualifying clauses. Perhaps down in their
hearts they were bitter, as most Boers
are toward the British, but If they
were, they were too gentlemanly to
is how it by words.
The President's car is a handsome
one, highly polished and decorated
with the Transvaal coat-of-armtf.
Hut even life In a highly-polished
private car will grow Irksome if one is
obliged to remain in it day after day,
and for this reason the President will
soon go down to Waterval Onder,
where he can occupy a cottage, and
enjoy greater privacy and far greater
comfort than he does in this uncbeer-
ful town, which catches every freezing
breath of wind that sweeps over the
high veldt.
There are scores of cars now standing on the sidings at Machadodorp;
several of these are loaded with big
Creusot guns, others are loaded' with
many small field pieces, othersAre said
to contain ammunition, and dozens are
heavily freighted with supplies. The
entire machinery of Government is on
wheels, and is calculated 'to be as mobile as the Boer Cavalry, should occasion demand a hurried movement. If
the British should come too strongly to
be held by the Boer forces on the veldt
the -Government and its Immense supplies and stores of arms and ammunition could  easily retire a few miles
Some Reminiscences of tho Life and
Work of Lord Snisell of
Killowen.-"A Strong
sitting about.   He looked ex-a^ly HKe  eastward where the mountainous
ilia   mint.-***     or,^   ��-*����   ��<"   ��������"*   ���������***��
tils picture, and even like the caricatures that have been made of him.
?��� 'Any vne who has read the newspapers during the last year would never
fail to instantly recognise Oom Paul.
His face, figure and costume are
unique. His individuality is as striking as that of the sphinx, and one
would as soon think of asking if that
���lieavy, stoop-shouldered old man with
���the massive features, fringe of whiskers and stovepipe hat pulled down on
lis ears was President Kruger as he
would think of asking whether the
���enormous cronching figure with the
battered head rising high above the
desert was the sphinx; or if the long
building with the big dome is the Capitol at Washington, or the picture of
the scowling man with his arms be-
���tilnd him is Napoleon. They are all
In their way,
It is needless to say that we did not
intrude upon the Executive Council
with our room-hunting trouble!. We
left this car and Its armed guard and
pushed down between two long rowe
^jpf cars until we came to a couple of
"passenger coaches wedged In among
some freight ears. Ih One of these
cars we- found State Secretary llcltf
busily working in his little compartment.
The Secretary looked up pleasantly
when we entered*and invited us to sit
down. My Hollander friend was a Pretoria man who knew Mr. Reltz very
well, and they fell at once Into a conversation, in which I caught the words
VAmerikanischer" and "Philippines"
and Chicago "Record." I was then Introduced and the language switched
back from Dutch to English.
"Well, how are things In the Phlb-
I told him that there was still some
fighting of a guerilla sort, but that
conditions were gradually tending toward the better.
"Aren't you Americans out there trying to do about the same to the Filipinos that the British are trying* to
do to us down here?" the Secretary
asked with a smile.
"The two cases are hardly parallel,"
I answered. "The Filipinos are not
ua advanced as the Boers, and would
hardly be able to govern themselves
if they had their Independence."
This ended our short discussion of
*% subject which Americans lind
while among the Boers. There Is a
certain "under-dog" similarity between
the Boers and the Filipinos which
makes a red-hot advocacy of America's
national policy In the Philippines Impracticable In Boer country. The
"portable" Capital and Government of
the Boers also suggests the restless
journeying of Don Emlllo's seat of government.
Mt. Reltz was very pleasant and
npoke gratefully of the many expressions of sympathy which President
Kruger was receiving from Americans.
He was particularly pleased with a
little programme in book form of the
Princess iSalm Satm's benefit for Boer
widows and children which was given
in New York some 'time ago. In regard to the present outlook for the
Boers, he was neither depressed nor
boastful, and was unwilling to predict
wnat the outcome would be. Like
many other officials with whom I have
talked, he was firm In the belief that
In the Lydenberg Mountains the British could never conquer tbe Boers.
"These troubles In China may benefit us some," foe said; "but we get such
meagre reports up here that we would
���not know whether a big war had broken out until long after it started.  The
Upon a low kopje 300 or 400 yards
west of the station and town is a Kafir
village���a swarm of huts and people
which resembles from a distance an
encampment of soldiers.
At the present time there are probably 500 or 600 men in and about Machadodorp. Besides1 the Government officials there are 200 or 300 men who
have been sent back to the front because 'they had no horses. They are
now waiting here in the hope 'that the
Government will supply them with the
necessary animals. Then there arc usually a dozen or so recruits who have
come from Europe to help out the
Boers. These, too are waiting to get
horses before proceeding to the front.
In addition to these various classes
ther? are contractors from Laurenzo
Marques passing back and forth between the two towns. "When in Machadodorp they may always be se?n engaged in deep and low-voiced conversation with some Government official,
either on their way to .the hotel bar or
jum. feturne<| -from. it.
Every flfly a {rain comes from Delft-
96a Say and runs on to the end of the
line near Balmoral. The-"e trains are
nearly always crowded with men coming ttii to the Capital from the low veldt
or going on to the front, and other men
coming back from the front for (a few
days' rest or recuperation. There are
only n very few sick men In Machadodorp, for when a soldier becomes seriously III he is sent down to Waterval
Bo', er or Waterval Onder; and If he
is not seriously 111 he
about It.
Some of the men have left tlieir wives
and families in the Capital. The appearance of women about 'the houses
adds to the peaceful-looking character
of the town, and the stranger, on seeing them, would never suspect that
War vVas on a few miles up the railway, and that these women probably
have husbands or sons at the front.
There are no bugle calls for drilling
In the Boer military scheme. When
an order or command Is given It is
passed about by word from one to another. None of the soldiers whom I
saw about Machadodorp wore uniforms
although most of thein had the Transvaal colors wound about their hats and
many of them had their hats pinned
up on one side with a little metal
Transvaal coat of arms. Beyond these
emblems, and the rifles carried by most
of them, there was nothing in the appearance of the men to suggest war
and -military service. A few policemen
In iblue uniforms were scattered about
the town, but the rank and file were
dressed in farmer clothes, riding
breeches and legglns, ond for the moat
part exactly the same clothes that they
would wear In times of peace.
Toronto, Sept. 12.~The Labor Party or-
gnnlsed a couple of weeks ago by Labor,
Temperance ond Social Reform delegates,
and which adopted Prohibition as one of
Its plonks In the Toronto campaign, has
found Prohibition decidedly unacceptable
to the unions. At a meeting to-night, the
Temperance representatives being absent, a resolution was passed taking out
the Prohibition plank ond substituting one
favoring tho New Zealand law, which provides for a vote of the electorate every
three years on the question of the sale
and manufacture. If a two-thirds majority says "no sale," there is prohibition;
if a bare majority, licences may be reduced In number; If a minority, there Is
rib change.
iMr. Charles W. Mathews, writing on
the subject of the late Chief Justice of
England, Lord Russell of Killowen, ln
the London  '-Dally Telegraph," says:
There were many who   thought they
knew Lord Russell well,  who, at  the
date of his appointment to the Chief
Justiceship, prophesied some loss of reputation for him.   "He was hasty ln
temper,  quick  In  temperament,  rapid
in rushing to conclusions," said they;
"and,"    went on these    censors,  "his
magnificent upeaking power would be ,
a danger     to     him    rather   than   a
strength."     I \hove    aaid that  these
prophets thought they knew the man
they were criticizing, for no one who
really     appreciated     Lord     Russell's
greatest quality as an advocate, could
have    failed  to realize    that he waa
bound  to make an exemplary judge,
for what he excelled in at the Bar, In
the conduct of cases  to victory, waa,
above everything else, judgment.    His
method, first, of arriving at the point
of the case; then of relegating a point
of the case to Its proper place, with the
due  importance  attaching io  ft,   and
no   more;   and   then   of   eliminating
all such points of the case as had been
needlessly    introduced    into    it,    and
served only either to lengthen or complicate  it,  was quite   as  conspicuous
In   consultation as  on the judgment
His habit of work at all   times revealed
Often when he was at the bar,   and
when some sensational case was adjourned for   the day,    have I stayed
with him in his'chambers, and, as his
junior, submitted something which bad
occurred to me, in the hope of Its being useful, and,  almost as often has
come the rebuke:   "It's past 6 o'clock;
I don't intend to resume any thought
of the case which ts proceeding until
we meet here.at 10 o'clock to-morrow
morning.    Depend upon  It, we have
devoted as many hours to our work as
can be usefully given to-day.    In the
morning our    refreshed    minds    may
bring us fresh Ideas.    Will you kindly
tell my derk to cali me in 20 minutes ,
as you go out, for I am speaking tonight at Hackney, and, if possible, I
always sleep between day and night
work."    Simple as seem the words I
have above quoted, each one of them
Is something more than an indication
of strength, in Indicating how strength
not only can but should be husbanded.
How well for all who work hard if they
could banish the day's unfinished task
from the mind by a fresh pursuit, or
by some recreation, or, above all,  by
undisturbed sleep,  and  resume It,  at
a pre-determ!ned hour with a mind refreshed.     Again, .what a power,    that
power of sleep, at moments when feebler mortals, under the apprehension of
some public performance,  are  frightening themselves Into a panic, which,
though it may endure only until they
face     their     audience, and are well
through   their first    spoken  sentence,
eats into their
first to ahatter, and, by repeated and
continuous strain, to destroy itl
But It must not bo assumed that
Lord Russell was not nervous when
he rose to speak upon an occasion
which he deemed of any importance.
He has often told me that In his opinion, a speaker required to be nervous
to produce his best; and that an audience was much more sympathetic to
one who approached them nervously,
and who by degrees, and in their sight
and hearing, lost his constraint under
the Influences of his own enthusiasm
and their encouragement. For eloquence of the old "round-mouthed"
school Lord iRussell had much more
contempt than liking, and, as h<? was
not himself apt to be swayed by mere
"tall talking" or "word spinning," he
could not believe that it had any effect,
even of a transitory character, on others. He denied that eloquence was a
gift, when it only consisted in the
power to deliver words however well-
selected and spoken. According to
him, true eloquence consisted in the
power of evoking the sympathy and
stirring the feelings of your audience.
"Every man can be eloquent, and, on
occasion is," I have heard him assert.
"He has only to convey to his audience that he feels what he says, and
to make them feel what he is saying,
to accomplish the most difficult task
which can be set to eloquence, and to
win Its highest reward." For mere
words, redundant grandiloquent, polysyllabic, he shared the contempt of
As Lord KuBsell practiced his preaching, his speeches at the bar, with
are scarcely likely to be widely read.
Indeed, no collection has been made
of them for the instruction and guidance of others who would learn how
forensic triumphs are to be achieved.
On ordinary occasions he disregarded
"form," and even disliked peroration;
but when the occasion warrante5. let
all who delight In real eloquence t3rn
to the report of the proceedings befo*-*<*
the Parnell Commission, to satisfy
themselves that, given the "cause," he
could conjoin the "form" to It. As a
rule, I know for a certainty that he
did not prepare what he was going to
say. His "note" was at most a skeleton of Incidents and dates, ln chronological order, for which he was A
great stickler. Lucidity was his first
ambition, to make hits tribunal follow
and understand his case his first aim,
and of self-display he never thought
at all.    The word "dwell," written In
direction to himself which I have ever
seen written on any "note" of hie, prepared either for an opening or a reply, and this signified that he waa to
make the most of that particular
point, which, I need scarcely say, waa
usually one to his advantage. But the
language was left to the moment,
which, In his view, would suggest the
moat effective. In the "Parnell"
speech, which he realized was, ln some
sense, making history. Lord Russell,
"an Irishman," as he said in It, who
"was pleading the cause of the land
of his birth and to the land of his
adoption," prepared, not only patiently, but minutely. Indeed, I well remember poor Sir Frank Lock wood,
who was with him in the case, and who
sat next to him fn court, telling m*
that the peroration lasted a whole
morning, and was a
Increasing In their heart-stirring power and effect, and culminating In an
appeal which left no dry eyes among
his audience, while the speaker himself was so strongly moved that Look-
wood grasped and retained the hand
neareat to him by way of giving comfort to one who, In the midst of those
momentous surroundings, still seemed
simple enough to ask for it.
It has been said against Lord Russell
that he lacked humor In himself, and
did not always appreciate It In others,
and certain it is that he depreciate 1
merriment in court, and .vas no friend
of the judicial or barristerial humorist, and yet free from humor he could
not have been altogether, as the following well-authenticated story will
In Mr. Russell's young days in
"silk," when the late Mr. Justice Den-
man was going the Northern Circuit,
just before the rising of the court on
a warm Summer afternoon, some very
high words were flung from the Bar to
the Bench, in a tone and with a vehemence which caused the learned
judge to say that he would not reprove
them In his then condition of sorrow
and resentment, but would take the
night to consider what he ought to do,
and when they met again the next
morning he would announce his determination, In considerable commotion
the Court broke up, and on the following day It was crowded, in anticipation of a "scene"���an anticipation
somewhat encouraged by Mr. Justice
penman's entry into Court with, if
possible, more than ordinary solemnity, and on taking his seat commenced the business of the day by saying,
"Mr. IRussell, since the Court adjourned last evening, I have had the advantage of considering with my brother
Forster, and by his excuses for not
emigrating to America with the help
of the money which, he said, kindly
Mr. Forster had given him more than
once for the purpose.
Sir Charles Russell, quietly helping
himself to a contemplative pinch now
and again, plgott making himself
more ludicrous every instant with his
story of excuses to Mr. Forster, and
his three judges trying hard to pre-
serve a severe composure���made an ineffective picture. The three judges
were not equally successful. Sir'
James Hannen compressed his lips.
Sir Alexander Smith thrust his hands-
into his pockets and stared hard at
the celling. Mr. Justice Day laughed:
outright���reddened, and laughed at
eaoh fresh recital of Plgott's failure
to emigrate with poor Mr. Porster's-
money. The only absolutely self-possessed man there waa Russell himself,.
now seemingly lost in a brown study,
* * * Upon which Russell quickly
broke In with, "My Lord, I beg you
will not say a word more upon the subject, for I can honestly assure you that
I have entirely and forever dismissed
It from my memory"���a turning of the
tables which evoked such a roar of
laughter In the Court that even the
learned Judge himself could not but
join in It-
Like most men who speak correctly,
Lord Russell was both a writer and a
reader. His address to the American
jurists assembled at Saratoga Springs
In August, 1896, when he took "Arbitration" for Ms theme, Is a good sample of his powers of composition, for
this woe an effort confessedly written
to speak, and, as a reader, he was,
or had been, omnivorous of Shakespeare, with all of whose works he was
perfectly familiar.
The "London News" says, In telling
of the famous Parnell Commission sitting:
At 1:30 Sir Richard Webster's examination of Richard Plgott came to an
end. Almost before Sir Richard sat
him down, Sir Charles was up. The
loud murmur of talk that broke out
after Pigott'a "evidence" came to a
dead stop. You could hear a pin fall
as Russell and Plgott stood there confronting each other. "Take that," the
words rang out sharply in the breathless silence. "That," was a sheet of
paper which Sir Charles Russell held
out. Plgott took It���gazing the while at
Sir Charles in blank amazement. "Write
down 'livelihood,' 'likelihood,' your own
name, 'proselytism,' Patrick Egan' and
his initials, and 'hesitancy.' " Which
Plgott did, smiling the while foolishly,
and with a flushed face. It will be remembered that ln one of the forged
letters Plgott had spelled the last word
'hesltency.' "
It has often been said since, and by
experienced members of the Bar, that
Sir Charles' initial tactics were a
mistake. Was It not probable that
Plgott, warned by the early discussion about the forgeries, would have
taken care to spell the word aright?
Pigott might have done it. But he
didn't. Sir Charles Russell had taken
stock of his man, and considered the
effect of a surprise. The subject
suggests a military analogy. By "the
rules of war," Wellington, says the
military critics, "ought" to have been
beaten at Waterloo. But he wasn't���
and there's an end on't. An ordinary
advocate would not have started with
"Take that." Sir Charles Russell waa
he was an advocate of genius, and
that first shot was decisive. I can see
Plgott's round broad back as he bends
down <after screwing his eyeglass Into
its place) to scrawl th* word "hesltency" and when he stands up again,
a short, stoutlsh, round-shouldered
man, with a bald, shiny head, bushy
White whiskers and moustache, large.
Irresolute mouth, big, fleshy nose, and
smallish eyes far apart. Many an
amusing scene occurred In the cross-
examination which showed how Plgott
had tried to swindle both sides���Par-
as If ln search for an Idea, now taking   a   prlnch,   and   then   darting   a
searching loofc at his victim, with a
brief, half-confidential question.    The
emotional side of Russell's nature, his
Inborn tenderness, his deep humanity,
revealed   themselves In all their   unconscious strength In the magnificent,
historic speech In which he summed
up his case, not merely for the Parnel-
lites, but for the Ireland of his birth.
In private life, and in his professional life behind the scenes, Lord Russell
waa a man of warm heart, and deep-
affections.   He waa not afraid of strong;
language; he was sometimes Impatient
of contradiction, and he did not suffer
fools gladly.   A consultation with himu
was often rather a formidable ordeal..
But juniors who worked with him and1
for him found out that he was quick
to   acknowledge ability and generous
In   recognition   of  services   rendered-
The first essential for a barrister, he- *
was wont to say, is good   health,   &
sound constitution.   This he undoubtedly had.     He wae a desperate worker, and equally energetic at play.   He
was fond of a rubber of whist,was not
unknown at Monte Carlo, might now
and then be found handling a billiard!
cue, but his grand passion   was   for
horses.     He was as fine a judge of
a horse as he was of a witness, and
whether riding or driving   would   always   be   found   to   have   something;
worth looking at In the way of horseflesh.     He was one   of   the   keenest
of turf patrons.   He had a residence
at Epsom, where, during Derby week
he might always be   found   with   a
houseful of sporting friends, and such
was his knowledge of everything pertaining to the course that in ths famous  Bend Or case both sides eagerly
competed for his services.     Probably
one reason why he found time to devote attention to horses and horse rating that would have prevented many
men from doing   much   besides   was
that he Is said to have been capable
of doing with far less sleep than most
men.   He was a delightful companion
In private, witty and anecdotal, with*
a  manner  vigorous,  cordial,, and  Inspiriting.   He was a great snuff-taker,
and  usually   took a  pinch   when  he
knew he was going to make a good
point.     His family was large, but so*
also was his Income, though he would
Indignantly repudiate statements now
and again appearing In the public pa-
pera aa to his fees.     "Three thousand
pounds In a week Is perfectly absurd,""
he once said to the writer.   "A tenth
part of that would be much nearer the
It may seem strange to the average
Briton (says a writer In "The Regiment") that there are In this country
at the present moment some hundreds
of spies belonging to, foreign countries,
alt in receipt of large aalarlea, in return for which they find out as many
of our military secrets as possible, and
promptly inform their governments of
what they discover. Now, it takes a
tolerably sharp man to be able to penetrate any of the secrets that the War
Office holds, but it has been done before
now. The foreign spy finds two great
difficulties besetting him. He has not
only to And out such secret Informa-
ton, but to do so in a manner that will
not cause him to be suspected.
It Is extremely difficult for a foreigner to obtain a berth of any importance In an office where he would
be brought face to face with military
secrets. The police are fully aware
that a small party of spies la watching Woolwich Arsenal to-day, ready to-
pick up any crumbs, aa it were, that
fall from the rich man's table. The
War Oflice Is watched by as many
more of all nationalities, who work
alone, but with the one object of "finding out what we would hide. They
succeed sometimes, It la true, but be It
said to the credit of the authorities,
that such occurrences are very rare
Foreign governments are spied upon
to precisely the same extent, and am
instance of a spy's method of working:
may be cited. A few years ago an
Italian Invented a piece of mechanism
which, when fitted inside a magazine
rifle, accelerated the firing and lessened the recoil- He parted with it to��
his Government soon afterwards, and!
received In exchange a handsome
cheque. The Italian Government, of
course, sought to utilize the Invention
without foreign Powers being any the
wiser. Preparations were made tor
manufacturing the patent in large
quantities, and drawings were made to*
be handed over to several firms. A.
talented French spy, In some inexplicable manner, got \vlnd of the affair, entered the employ of the Italian Government ae a draughtsman, and made
copies of the drawings, which he sent
nimt*. and ant.-Parnen.te,   But the  ^one^e^r". *SS.*%��%��
met amusing of all were earned by (ound tne Prencn we^e ������     ^ ��
Plgot-.admto ion, ��to hli pertinent Invention  in  the magasine rifle,  thi
efforts to "sell Information"   to   Mr. 'secret leaked ouf but   of <-num��   ih
his own hand, was his most elaborate  Forster, to cajole and even bully Mr. spy bad made himself'scarce.
Giant ,    41 12$
Iron Colt *... , ��� 80
Bpitzee  .,  ...   ������ 20
Rossland, Sept. 15.���The chief news
t-of the week is the record ore shipments, which approximate nearly 7,000
tons, the figures being 6,930 tons. The
record broken was one for last February and was 6,206 tons. The present
record beats that output by 724 tons.
'The Increase Is caused by the shipments of the Centre Star, which ran
rather over 300 tons per day. About
90 tons of this are being taken from
the dump and the remainder from the
west stope on the second level, which
Is thought to be a continuation of the
Mulligan or eastern stope on the Le
Roi. Three machines were breaking
���down 100 tonB per day apiece, which
were taken together with the tonnage
-shipped from the dump. The output
Is therefore more than the mine intends to ship for the present. In consequence one of these,machines is to
be laid off. The Le Roi shipments are
not within 1,000 tons of its record. The
isame amount is now going down to
Northport and a less amount is also
"being taken by Trail, owing to the lack
���of facilities In the Smelter and yard
-accommodation. The shipments from
the Le Roi No. 2 are also being kept
���down for this reason. It Is expected
that this mine ought to be able to put
���out, so soon as the accommodation is
furnished at the smelter, about 2,000
tons a week, or about ten times its
���present output. The War Eagle is not
shipping as yet, although It has been
practically decided upon to ship by
���means of the second level surface tunnel, by which all the ore was shipped
from this mine just previous to Vhe
'���erection of the big hoist on the hill
above. The Iron -Mask is going upon
a. system of development work, but
the shipments from this mine ought to
begin before Winter and will be not
less than 200 or 300 tons weekly. It
will therefore be seen that the present
Tecord Is not likely to remain for anything like seven months, unbroken as
-did the last. There Is still a full month's
work ahead in the completion of the
arrangements for shipping on the Le
Tlol, and it will probably be double this
time before the smelter facilities at
Northport and Trail will have been increased as intended, to twice their present capacity.
Mr. H. B. Lefevre, of the Engineer
*   Mining Company, states that a surveying party for the White Pass & Yukon  Railway,  of which he was  one,
while surveying on Taku Arm. an outlet of Lake Bennett, found croppings
��� of what appeared..-to be, an extensive
ledge of gold-bearing ore.    The ledge
Is so close to the water that the steam-
���ers place  their gang planks upon It.
The ore Is tellurlde and some assays
have shown from 132 to $50 per ton,
while the country rock is said .to be
worth $12.     Mr. Lefevre ha* hopes of
another Treadweil, "as the outcome of
vthe discovery,
The Jaune de La mare Syndicate Is
ibusjly. operating the ground on fifteen
hydraulic leasee, comprising about 1,000
���acres of auriferous gravel at Boulder
���Creek,' Atlin. Twenty employees are
at work with two monitors and the
usual hydraulic appliances and though
there will be no output of moment during the short remanlder of this season,
the Syndicate, which has behind it
much French capital, ia very sanguine,
:as to the results to accrue next season.
It ha.? taken the Syndicate about a year
to inatal the necessary appliances, prepare flumes and sluices and get everything ready for the work whioh has
now begun. The workers are operating ground, which has a surface deposit of a slide of blue clay, containing
recent wash and some gold, but they
���expect tangible" results of value to accrue from an understratum of gravel
which was once the bed of a creek.
The Sunrise Gulch Hydraulic Company has closed down for the season,
the placer miners on Pine Creek having
restrained the Company from dumping
tailings on their claims. The Management of the Company hopes that by
closing down for a brief period, the
placer miners will find opportunity to
wash out their claims, thus leaving un-
interrputed after-opportunity for hy-
draullclng above .them.
Bedrock has, meanwhile, been struck
at the Birch Creek hydraulic workings,
and though it Is late In the Beason there
are hopes, ere It closes, of a first wash-
The Atlin "Claim" states that the
iprospects of the Engineer free milling
gold mine on Taku Arm, are now so
favorably regarded at Skagway that
the stock whieh was two months' since
placed on the market at 10 cents U now
-enquired for at a dollar.
A thorough Investigation la now be-
!lng made of some apparently promising nickel claims, recently located and
���staked by White Pass Railway officials
���on Tory Inlet.
The yield of this season will probably exceed, though not very grea.tly,
that of last. It Is expected to reach
���$1,000,000 as a certainty, and may rise
to $1,100,000 or thereabouts. But until
hydraulic results accrue next season, or
in the succeeding one, .there will be no
���phenomenal growth of gold yield.
The following are the shipments for
the past week and year to date:
Week Year
* Tons.    Tons
���Le Roi 4,870
War Eagle 	
'Centre Star 2,276
Iron Mask ���
Le Roi, No. 2  319
T X. L...4* 	
Evening Star ���
:Monte Crlsto ���
Totnl 6,910      138,944
Denver, Colo., Sept., 17.���It was announced to-day, that Thomas E.
Walsh would receive $13,000,000 for his
Camp Bird mine, at Ouray, Colo., from
a Syndicate of English and American
investors, headed by Alfred Beit, the
South African diamond king, and Mr.
J. Pierpont Morgan. It Is said that
a draft covering the first payment Is
now on deposit at the First National
Bank. Mr. John Haya Hammond, the
mining engineer, arrived in Ouray today, to make a final examination of
the mine, on behalf of the Syndicate.
In reference to ithe scheme now being
considered by the Minister of Mines for
the exploration of the metalliferous
countrv of the Kootenays by the aid
of a Government diamond drill, Mr. H.
E. Neave, M. E��� euggestor of the proposal, supplies the following figures:
The cost of a plant to bore 1.200 feet
would be about $5,000, but the cost of
working shuld be under $4 per foot.
According to statistics from various
parte of the United States, the cost of
boring 12 holes from 200 to 800 feet in
length each, 'totalling 5,957 feet, was
$14,839.62,*or $2.49 per foot. This included labor, superintendence, bits, repairs,
water, extras, freight, travelling and
In Northern 'Michigan two holes totalling 634 feet, two 360, six 1,350, two,
611, six 1,091 feet, or 18 holes totalling
5,048, cost $2.60 per foot in very hard
ground. In Colorado 567 feet were bored at 44 cents per foot.
The cost depends a good deal, says
Mr. Neave, on the length of Btandplpe
used. The smaller drills suggested
would be worked either by hand or
It la stated in Kamloops that a good
strike of high-grade cinnabar ore, rich
In quicksilver, has Just been made at
the mines near Savonas, at which work
was recently re-started after a period
of closure.
A Kamloops "Standard" news- item
aays; By last New Zealand papers we
notice that the Lady Rjanfurly, sister
dredge to the British Columbia Coble-
dick dredge, scooped up 1,234 ounces of
gold (102 lbs., 10 ounces), for five days'
work, and was well on to 2,000 ounces
for a week when papers left. Also that
the famous Hartley & Riley dredge still
paid $223,3.15 In dividends in 12 months.
When will the people of British Columbia awaken to the fact that there are
equally as rich rivers here as In New
Of course, all of us hope that Fraser
River dredging will prove highly successful. But conditions on the Fraser
are snore difficult than those of the
New Zealand streams, and goodly returns from Fraser River dredging are
yet ito come. One would prefer to read
of practical realisation of substantial
gold returns, In lieu of a rather undue
amount of anticipatory booming.
The Nelson "Miner" states that Captain John R. Gifford, Manager of the
Silver King mine, has closed two contracts for additional machinery for the
Silver King. The purchases were made
from the James Cooper Company, and
the Jen c k es Mach I ne Com pany and
everything will 'be installed within two
months. The machinery Is purchased
for development work. It Includes
steam boilers, an 85-horse power double
drum hoisting engine, large pumps,
cages, ropes, buckets, etc. The boilers
are to be placed underground, an Innovation In the Kootenay country. They
will be In No. 5 tunnel and will require
400 feet of smokestack to carry the
smoke up through the old workings to
the open air. The shaft Is located in
No. 6 tunnel. As soon as the new machinery Is .Installed development work
on the mine will be pushed as rapidly
as possible and under the very able
management of Captain Gifford theStl
ver King promises to take its place
again among 'the big mines of the coun
The Cowan Coal Company has begun
work on Its property at the Eastern
end of the Crow's Nest Pass. It Is now
working three eight-hour shifts. Meanwhile machinery la being put ln place.
Marketable coal la now being taken
out within ten feet of the surface and
all Indications point to remarkably good
deposits. The Company has also, it la
said, opened negotlatlona with the Can
adlan Pacific Railway with a view to
the road using Its coal for steam purposes until <the mine shall be opened up
to such an extent, that shipments can
be made ln large quantities to outside
markets. Mr, Maynard H. Cowan Is
on the ground superintending operations during the absence of Mr. 8. W.
Gebo, at present In Montana.
The shipments of clean ore from the
mines, from the North Star and Sullivan for August amounted to 2,660 tons
or 120 carloads, showing a slight decrease from July. The output will be
largely increased this month, as the
Sullivan is now using machine drills
instead of hand. Adding 1,900 tons of
high-grade concentrates from the St.
Eugene at Moyle glveB a month's yield
of 4,650 tens of silver-lead ore from
three mines near Moyle, much of which
ore has been taken out simply in developing.
A shipment of half-a-ton of ore was
last week made ito the Trail smelter
from the Bunyan mineral claim, one of
the Pilgrim group of claims, situated
about four miles west of Canterbury,
East Kootenay. The ore Is believed,
from assays, to go high in copper and
silver, and the owners, Messrs. Harrison and Taynton, seek to know the pre
cise value of the ore, as they intend
working the property this Winter.
Those holding the option on the Britannia group declare In emphatic reply
to certain rumors to the contrary that
the second $5,000 due on their bond on
this Howe Sound property will certainly be paid punctually on October 1st.
Their projected Company Ib not yet
formed, but they state that it will be
within three -months when an actual
money capital of $1,000,000 will be set
aside for equipment and development.
.Leading experts, by the bye, declare
that to develop the property thoroughly
at least this amount will be needed for
mine buildings, plant and appurtenances, miners houses and working capital.
It Is stated that, some ;i,000 tons of ore
have up to the present been shipped to
the Granby smelter fn>m the City of
Paris mine on which a modest force of
about 25 men Is employed.
The fourth annual meeting of the
Brandon & Golden Crown Mining Company waa held at Greenwood yesterday.
Of 1,500,000 shares, over 1,300,000 were
represented. The business transacted
included the election of officers and
submission of a statement of the Company's financial condition, which was
satisfactory. The General Manager's
report gave the mine's total ore shipments to date, as 1876 tons. The mine
has been developed to a depth of 3(0
feet. The officers elected were: Hon,
T. Mayne Daly, President; Mr. W. J
Porter, Vice-President; Mr. W. L. Orde,
Secretary, and Mr. George H, Collins,
Managing Director.
Mr. De Keyser, of Vancouver, has returned from Yule, where he tested with
his patent gold extractor machine- 05
yards of auriferous river gravel. He
thence claims a result of two ounces of
gold, got at a cost of $5 per ounce and
is in consequence satisfied that his machine will realise his hopes' of It us a
gold extractor.
The Juno Gold Mining Company has
been organised at Montreal to operate
this free milling gold mine on Morning
Mountain, Nelson. Development work
will shortly begin, under the management of Mr. M. S. Logan, a prominent
promoter of -the Company, all the stock
of which has been privately subscribed.
The camp Is rather quiescent just
now, but one mine, the well known
Cariboo, being now. at work, with 20
stamps treating 50' tons of rich ore
daily and producing a value of $��0,000
a month. There are 56 employees at
the mine and the lowest depth as yet
reached Is 360 feet.
Meanwhile, the Minnehaha properties
are being taken over by the Sailor Consolidated Gold Mining Company of Toronto, which as Increased, will have a
nominal capitalisation of $2,000,000, in
stock however issued after Western
wont at a large discount. It Is expect,
ed as a result that work will shortly be
resumed at the Minnehaha,
The management of the Tamarack
mine will begin shipping the ore on its
dumps very shortly now, on the completion of the tramway. There are
stated to be over 2,000 tons of good
grade ove on the dumps.
This Boundary mine will begin ship
ping ore at the rate of about 25 tons a
day, a contract having been let for the
hauling of 1,000 tons of Athelstan ore
to the Winnipeg's railroad spur, en
route for the emelter, at the rate of a
carload daily.
The new compres-or has now been
installed at this East Kootenay mine.
The output will ln consequence increase
to 50 tons a day.
The Trail Smelter is unusually busy
just now, and last week the heaviest
shipment of lead and copper as yet
made thence, left the works. Greater
things will be accomplished when the
two furnaces now in blast are increased
by others. In anticipation of the coming extension of operations, large orders
for new machinery have been placed
with 'Eastern firms, and more workers
are being engaged:.
The following are the shipments received at the smelter from different
shipping mines for Ihe week ending
September 14th:
Cfittrr Star 1&S2W
Le Roi 326tf
B. C 534
Enterprise      15%
Ymir    47-JS
Athabasca 81%
Slocun Sovereign     17%
Bosun SH4
Sullivan 91*)j
Brooklyn ^%
Total    3130
The following advertisement which
appears in the current issue of the
"Silvertonlan" of Sllverton In the Slocan, <ls quoted as the first notice advertised by authority of the new clause
of the Mineral Law Amendment Act of
last session, which was passed at the
instance of many mining men. The
advertisement shows an aggrieved'
partner's "modus operandi" so far as
local advertising Is concerned, and
runs thus:
Notice to Delinquent Co-Owner.
To James Anderson: You are hereby
notified that we have expended One
Hundred Dollar? In labor and Improvements upon the Oakland Mineral Claim
on Four-Mile Creek in the Slocan Mining Division, located- on the 30th day
of August, 1896, and recorded' at the
Record Office of said Division on tho
!2th day of September, 1896, In order
to hold said claim under the provisions
of the Mineral Act, being the amount '
required to hold the same for the year I
ending September 12th,   1900.     And  if |
within  ninety days  from the date of I
this notice you fall or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditure together with all cost of advertising, your interest in said claim will
become the property of the subscribers
under Section 4 of An Act to amend the
Mineral Act, 1900.
���F. F. Liebscher, T. H. Wilson, W. R.
Dated Ms fifteenth day of September,
Thnse reached by last Friday the
aggregate of 2,984 tons for the year to
date, as against like shipments of 3,07.x
tons for the whole of 1S99. The latter
were not passed in amount bint week,
as seemed likely, but the cloe<> of the
present one should see the total of
1809 exceeded, with further shipments
yet to come.
In yesterday's column tth-e Tamaroc
was in error classed as a coming Kossland shipper. The Tamarac js. however, a Slocan mine, not one of the
Tra'il Creek District.
The "Silvertonlan" declares that this
Slocan mine on Ten-Mile Creek, which,
belongs to bhe Warner-Mill I er Syndicate, will shortly surprise the Province
by its rich production. Our Slocan
contemporary, Indeed, avers that appreciable quantities of the on- will
show more than 800 ounces of silver to
the ton, mixed with black iron and
zinc. Over 1,200 feet of development
work have been done, and a force of
20 miners is kept steadily engaged. It
is added that a contract for packing
the ore to Enterprise Landing on Slocan Lake has lately been let. as a result of which the Smuggler will speedily make its mark as a shipper. The
fact that shrewd capitalists of the
Warner-Miller type own the Smuggler,
of ilserf suggests that the mine is- in
all probability of more than usual
value, hence the news of Its shipments
be awaited by mining men with
considerable interest.
The big strike of the anthracite coal
miners Is on and 78,000 miners are involved and they are to be joined by
another 70,000 or more and this will
make It the greatest strike yet known
In the coal mines of the United States.
Should the railway men and some others join, as they are likely, the number would be still further augmented.
The strike comes at a time when the
demand for coal is great and its price
Is high. The Powers in Europe are
storing coal for the use of their navies
as fast as it can be mined, and for
this reason there Is but little coal for
export In any of the European countries. The demand for coal Is In excess of the supply and the United
States Is supplying the deficiency
wherever it can find customers.
The miners In their request for an
increase of wages have taken the great
demand and the increased price into
consideration. In brief, they ask a 20
per cent, advance to all classss now
receiving less than $2.50 per day; a
15 per cent. Increase for all day laborers receiving $1.50 a day. but not exceeding $1.75, and a 10 per cent, advance to all laborers receiving more
than $1.75 per day.
The miners claim that their .wages
have been so reduced that they are no
longer to support their families, despite the fact that "the prices of coal
are higher than they have been for
many years, and the profits of Investments in coal property are In excess
of those obtained In other periods."
To this the operators have entered
a general denial and claim that the
competition in bituminous coal is hard
upon them. They further allege that
though present prices are somewhat
higher than in the past, these are not
large enough to Justify an increase In
wages.���Rossland "Miner."
The rotary mill at the Venus gold
quartz mine near Nelson, has proved
unsatisfactory. It will be replaced by
a ten-stamp mill. Meanwhile the ordinary force of men continues engaged in the mine.
Mr. Paul Johnson, of the Greenwood
smelter, visited Grand Forks the other
day and after carefully Inspecting the
Granby Smelter, spoke most favorably
of the works, although connected with
what will be In part a competitive Institution. However Mr. Johnson is
persuaded that there is ample opportunity for both smelters in Boundary
and Is delighted to know that the
Granby Smelter has proved that low
grade ore of the district can be treated at a profit.
These already amount to nearly 2,000
tons a week and are steadily increasing. As a result of this and other developments, successful local smelting
being a great factor, much more Eastern Canadian and other outside capital Is about to enter the district. Many
enquiries are being made on behalf of
very solid Investors.
A very fine strike has lately been
made at this Boundary mine, where
It Is said that the whole of the "railroad tunnel," so called because run
on a lead uncovered by graders, Is In
a beautiful, fine grained sulphide ore
that appears the best and richest yet
found in the mine. Those interested
claim that they have 80,000 tons of ore
in sight and they are consequently
well pleased with their prospects.
Private advices recently received
here , place rather a different complexion on affairs at Porcupine, from
��� that previously stated. The portion of
Porcupine allotted to Canada, as part
of Atlin, under the modus vivendf, i��
according to these the less valuable,
and an areo on which at present very
little activity Is noticeable. It has
doubtless, however, possibilities. Tbe
trade of the camp is mainly done ore
the American side of It.
The Dewdney Canadian Syndicate ha*
made the second payment on Its bond
on -the Indian Chief group of mines at
Kidniy Inlet, on the West Coast of Vancouver Island. The employees of tha
Syndicate have been working steadily
on this group for the past twelve
months and within the past two months
have opened up a body of high grade
copper, carylng both gold and silver,
several hundred tons of which are already in Hight. Should further development show a continuity of tin- ore
body, an arrangement Willi be made
to ship the ore, which is close to the
The success of the Hayes mine arid
the Monitor worked by Mr. Maynard,
coupled with the development at Sidney Inlet, should, the "Colonist" thinks',
convince mining men of the value or
the AVest Coast as a field for investigation and operation.
The Indian Chief group is situated ore
the west side of Sidney Inlet, about t;i|
miles from Alberni Canal. There is a
fine harbor, ships being able to gv��
right up to the bank. The shores are
lined with good timber, including red
and yellow cedar, hemlock, spruce and
pine. There is also good water-power,
available for mining purposes.
Mr. George Gooderham. President or
the War Eagle and Centre Star Mining
Comr'anies, who recently returned to
Toronto from British Columbia, was
seen by a "Mail and Empire" reporter
the other day. when he said:
"I consider the conditions at Rosa-
land more reassuring than at any timo
in the history of the camp. During"
more than a year the attention of the
Management of the War Eagle ami
Centre Star mines has been directed towards the solving of the problem involved in the treatment of the low-
grade ores Formerly it was thought
that the cost of mining and of freight
and treatment in Rossland was so high*.
as to preclude the possibility of attempting to deal with any ore excepting fiom the high-grade chutes. There
Is a large amount of high-grade ores tm
the developed chutes of both mines,
and the properties look very promising;
from this standpoint alone, yet as a,
matter of fact there Is probably a great
deal more value in the low-grade orest
than in the high-grade, and there ought
eventually to be more profit in their
treatment. We have always thought
that the success of mining in Rossland
depended upon the solution of the problem of treating this class of ore. Mr.
KIrby, our General Manager, has for
this reason during the past year directed his attention to the equipment of
our mines and the organisation of the
force so as to reduce the cost of mining, particularly by the introduction of
the contract system of work. Latterly
we have been in treaty with the Canadian Pacific Railway for a reduction
in the rates of freight and treatment.
I must say we have been met in a very
liberal spirit. We have now to deliver
under the old contract about 200.010
tons at a rate of $6 for freight and
treatment. The railway offered, if we
would Increase this tonnage to 800,000)
tons, to reduce the rate from $6 to
$4.75 per ton. After giving the matter
the fullest consideration we did not
see our way to accept this offer, as, ire
our view, the rate Is not low enough to>
enahle us to treat the lowest grade oro
of the camp, while at the j*&me time
wt feel that it la quite possible that:
rates may in the near future fall even
below the very handsome offer made usr
by the Canadian Pacific Railway. The
Le Roi mine has solved the problem ire
question by acquiring its own smelter
nnd treating its own ores. This is probably the only satisfactory solution for
the War Eagle and Centre Star mine*,"
"What have you to say In reference
to the resumption of dividends?" queried the reoorter.
'As to dividends." said Mr. Gooderham, "the Centre Star will resume payment as soon as it has wi:>ed out the
indebtedness incurred during the period*
that the property has been closed down.
"The War Eagle has not yet resumed
shipments. Its development had fallen
considerably behind, but is now rapidly proceeding. Under present condition!-, it Is expected that both mines will
gain depth at from 400 to 500 feet per
annum. In the yenr 1899 I think thu
War Eagle shaft was only sunk VMt
feet, while more than this has been accomplished in the shaft In the past three
months. The probability is that the
War Eagle will resume shipments very
shortly. Whether dividend? will be resumed at once or not until the indebtedness of the Company has been wiped out. is a matter yet lo be considered by the Directors. It may be left
over until the annual meeting.
The shafts in both mines are -rolng;
down at about 50 feet per month (under the contract system), being nearly
twice as fast and at nearly half the
former coat. Then, too, by the introduction of a new plant, we have done
awav with the delays that formerly
took place during the excavation of
the stations on the different levels, se
that It is now hoped that sinking will
go on almost continuously through the
The cost of drifting, raising and stop-
ing has also been greataly reduced fn>
consequence of the contract system.
All this has naturally taken a considerable time to bring about and necessitated the closing down of the min*-*
for a certain nerlod."
Stock In the Giant Mining Company
has lately been In strong demand at nn
Increased value at Rossland, where it
ia believed that the Phlladelphlan capitalists who have bonded this Trail
Creek mine, will shortly complete the
purchase and work the property thoroughly. ���������I iiiillHHUIIBfllMllii
Thursday, October 18th, has been
proclaimed Thanksgiving day.
Tho "beautiful" now adorns the
summits round and about Ferguson
Winter supplies went ovor by pack
train (his morning to the Old Gold
Arthur Gunn and James Otto are
enjoying a few days' outing at tho Hot
Tho lumber is on tho ground for Ii.
U. Smith's laundry, which will bo
built at once,
A. W, I'tittcohns beon nominated as
tho Labor candidate for Winnipeg. Ho
will probably be elected by acclamation.
* Union label hats for sale at Lardeau's Leading Store���tho best on the
market. No need to go without a
union-mnde hat.
D. Dunbar and S. F. W. Gainer have
returned from the Triune, whero they
built a frame cabin, 14x20, forthe
Ferguson brothers.
McKinnon & Sutherland havo just
opened a splendid stock of rubber
goods, the latest and best novelties in
every lino.   No better in Canada.
A socialist league has been formed
hero, which will do its utmost to
promote tho return of an advanced
Labor candidato for Yalo-Kootenay, in
opposition to Messrs. Macuelll and
The Lardeau season will soon be
over and It can, without exaggeration,
be said fcb havo boen a most successful
one. A lino of railway is needed to
make tlie region one of the greatest in
the world.���Nelson Tribune.
A fine now insulator has been installed in the telephone office hore,
much to the relief of a long-suffering
public. The ordeal of speaking with
the Landing or othor points is not so
exasperating as heretofore.
Road master McPherson was in town
yesterday. Ho hopes to havo all road
and trail work completed iu tlie district within two weeks, including
necessary repairs on the wagon road
between born and Trout Lake.
Legible co-owners in mineral claims
arc. already making use of last session's
now law, giving them the privilege of
advertising out, delinquent co-owners,
as may bo noticed in tho Eagle to-day.
It was a timely law. and ono which
many a claim owner will thank the
government for.
"Vou." lie cried, "aro the type of
perfect womanhood." "And you are
tho typo of perfect manhood," she
faltered shyiy. "We are spacod out
too much, don't you think?" he whispered. And as he drew her to his
bosom lie encountered only the feeblest
and most perfunctory icsistance.    ���
Ralph Smith, in responso to the
demands of the Dominion Trades and
Labor Council, of which ho has just
been re-elected president, and pressure
from Nanaimo friends, has decided to
contest Nanaimo district as the
Independent Labor candidato at the
Dominion election.   And he will win.
Rev, S. .1. Thompson of Revelstoko,
will give a lecture hore on Saturday
evening next in Laughton's hall, on
Henry Ward Beecher. As Mr.
Thompson is a splendid lecturer and so
well kn ,wn here he should draw a big
audience. A collection only will bo
taken, (lo will also preach here at 3
p. ni. on Sunday and at Trout Lake at
7:30 p. in., Rev. S. .1. Groen aud he
bavin;' exchanged pulpits for the
If yon ask a man for an ad. or a fow
locals, says tho Tolotlo Daily Nows, ho
will tell you lie don't believe In advertising���a paper is never read. Hut let
him he caught hugging tlie hired girl
or chaBlng a piece of loose calico up
tho St." ot after dark, or struggling
with a jur of "Tauiariii" water, if tho
printing oflieo is in tho garret of a
twenty-story building lie would climb
to tlio top nnd ask tlio editor not to
publish it in the paper where everybody will read it.
The Eaole is in recoipt of a
communication from a recent government employee, on the road work,
complaining of having to wait for his
money and heing forced to cash his
time check at a discouutof 10 per cent.
Eu says that on or about election times
thore in no such difficulty as this, and
piinls out good reasons why the
goivrnpi t should pay aa promptly as
ttn Individual dr company. He has a
Kick cooling and but fur lack of space
,lhe EAGLE would present his letter in
full. I'.od tape,, yyith a government
seems necessary, bin. when tho evil is
carried loo far it seems to be a considerable nuisance.
Boer Proclivities Put in the Shade
by Local Bear Hunters.
The Eagle could tell an extremely
interesting bear story, whieh occurred
at the head of 7-mile creek last week,
but it was rather a dangerous experience, at the time, to be amusing���to
the participants. Messrs. R. and G.
Leckle-Ewing and W. Shannon started
out on a bear hunt with three old
rilles���not -worth the powder within
them. They surprisingly ran onto
throe line large silver-tips and R.
Leckie-Ewing could not resist the
temptation, so he lot drive at tho
largest ono, striking bruin in the
shoulder blade, which Immediately
caused a pow-wow among the unsuspecting animals. Then to increase the
sport Mr. Shannon let blaze into thotr..
This caused u commotion, a real live
sun-dance. But hero is where tho
story bogins. The boars decided to
have vengeance. The race began, ovor
a rugged course, and quite a distance
to a tree. But it was a pretty race; all
arriving at the tree, minus a gun, at
the same time. Mr. Shannon, on the
principle that might Is right,
scrambled up first and his boots went
hard with Mr. Ewlng's hands in the
excited-endeavor to roach safety. The
third party, when it was discovered
that the bears had not given chase at
all, had his legs held tip woll and was
hanging on like a pup at a root; but his
spinal end was found to be only seventeen inches from tho ground. After
lowering themselves the "bear hunters," by a series of outflanking
movements mado kopje after kopje and
broke all previous records on the
return trip to town, minus, we understand, ono rifle, two hats, three
leggings, a coat and with several
garments sadly in need of repair. A
party, with trustworthy fire-arms, will
possibly be organized to hunt up and
capture the annoyed bears.
T.J. Wilson, M.D., CM.
L. R. 0. P. & S.   [Queen's University.]
Provincial Coroner, Etc.
Ferguson, B. C.
Fred C. Elliott,
Ferguson, B. C.
Harvey, McCarter $ Pinkham
SollcltorH lor Imperial Hank ol Canada.
Geo. 8. McCarter. J. A. Harvey.
A. JI. Pinkham.
White, Gwillim if Scott,
Revelstoke, B. C.
The greed of wealth is a seductive
and treacherous aspect of unrighteousness, asserting the falsehood that a
man's life consists in the multitude of
the things he possesses, it is the
great hardener of hearts. It knows
neither justice nor mercy. It befouls
charity with insincerity and ostentation. It poisons the ingenuousness
of youth, pollutes the wisdom of life,
makes age unvenerable and death a
degradation. Yet tho conviction can
hardly ho avoided that this insane
greed has become the controlling
passion in the lives of a largo and
Influential body of our people. It sways
every aspiration and rules every
activity with a presuming and
audacious authority never before so
plainly manifest.���Boston Herald.
* A ledger for sale. Apply at Eagle
* When in Trout Lake City register
at tho Queen's. Best servico in the
* New stock of writing pads just
opened at the Eagle office. Also fine
lino of envelopes. Try the EAGLE for
your stationery.
* Perfect printing punctually performed pleases particular people Is
the Eagle doing your printing? If
not, we're both the losers.
* The Lardeau Eagle and the
Family Herald and Weekly Star will
be sent to any address under the sun
from now until Jan. 1st, 1901, for four
bits.   Try this offer for roal worth.
* If any man or concern has a good
thing to present to the buying public,
no better Hold can bo found than that
covered by tho LARDEAU Eagle, with
its circulation groator than any othor
medium In North Kootonay.
J. B. Cressman
The Leading Homo
In tlie West
lor ....
Models of beauty
You can not duplicate our
Tailored effects In READY-
MADE GARMENTS, If you paid
twice tho emount the clothier
asks. It's "In the system," and
ft shows. Our Clothes show the
elegance, the time and care
required to produce Beautiful
Models In clothcB or sculpture.
You'll look well dressed in our
garments. When in Revel stoke
drop In and see our up-to-date
J. B. Cressman
A.H. Holdich, M.C.M.I.,
Revelstoke, B. C
Methodist Church
Ferguson : Services In school house every
Sunday at 3 p.m. fiunilay schoolat2 p.m.
Trout Lake city: Services in Forrester's
hall every Sanday at 7:30 p.m. Sunday
school at2:30p.m.
REV. S. ,t. GREEN, Pastor.
S. Shannon,
Assayer and Analytical
���J��"A11 kinds ol Photographic work done.
Sliiing properties n specially. Local views for
sale.  Call at office to see samples.
Ferguson Shaving
Wm. Stimuli,
All brandies of tlio tonsoriul art executed with
ambidexterious dexterity.
Boot and Shoe Maker
Miners' Shoes a Specialty.
Trout Lake and Ferguson.
A Reliable
Is a Jewel.
If your watch is out of order, needs
cleaning or regulating bring it to me
at once and I'll guarantee its repair.
My shop is in tho Eagle bldg.
S. F. W. Gainer.
General Blacksmithing
and Repair Work���
Promptly attended to at moderate rates,
Horse shueliiL,- u specialty.
Imperial Bank
���411      of Canada.
CAPITAL PAH) UP . . 12,468,(103.00.
RE8T      ft ,700,000.(10. ;-.
General Banking Business Transacted
Interest allowed on deposits In Savings
Department at curroat rates.
A. R. bThEARN,
���   Druggists
Chemists      <g)
Ifgsag! RE?MMT0RE.\
If you need .anything in
Send to the
The Only Way
To Intelligently judge the future Is to
Judge by the past. Treacher and politician, proloasor and scientist, all agreo
on that point. The only way to measare
a merchant tailor's ability and Integrity
Is by what his customers do and what
they Bay. The gentleman who has never
purchased clotheB of me can judge by
asking the opinion of a long line of
patronB. He can further Judge by the
fact that thia long line of patrons keeps
coming back for more clothes. My
tailoring reputation in tho past has been
(ood.    My constant endeavor |s to make
t hotter.
R,S. Wilson, Revelstoke.,
Post Office Store
Ferguson, B. C.
1   1 Miners' Supplies
Fresh limits
General Merchants and Outfitters for the Lardeau.
An Immense Stock of Fall Goods
Just Receded at the ����.
Send for Prices, samples and particulars
. . . Bourne Bros.
C.B. Hume & Co.,
Wholesale and Retail
��:��    General Merchants....
Heaviest Buyers in North Kootenay.
TroutaLakeaCity.  MXeVelStOKe.
\   Is the	
The place where
the Mines are.'


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