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The Advance Jan 24, 1895

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 THE ADVA
Bi Cv
Vol. II, No. 13.
MIDWAY, BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1895.
$2.00 per Year,
W.T.SHATFORD&CO.
Fairview and Vernon,
General Merchants.
We  always  have on hand a well
selected stock of the following goods:
Groceries,     Clothing,     Dry Goods,
Gents' Furnishings,
Boots and Shoes,    Hardware, Etc.
ALL AT THE LOWEST CASH PRICES.
SKATES! SKATES!! SKATES!!!
Just received; all numbers in stock; Send io your orders at once.
PENTICTON
HOTEL
J. THURBER, Prop
* Pleasantly Situated at the Foot of Okanagan Lake. $
Stage Connection with SS. Aberdeen
to Fairview, Osoyoos and all points in
Washington.
All arrangements made for providing
Guides and Outfits for Huntingj;Parties.
fail Boating and Filing.   How Boats and Sail Yachts for Hire,
SajEQIOXJMIC  BEOS.  *Sc  CO.
Ki::i.o -w ri A..
Dry Goods, Gwras, Heady-Made Clothing, Hardware, Etc., Etc.
Orders from the Lower Okanagan will receive prompt attention,
Prices Reasonable..
VERNON SAWMILL
SMITH & CLERIN, Props.
SASHES, DOORS, MOULDINGS,
TURNINGS, Etc
All kinds of Factory work kept in Stock
and made to order.
Coast  cedar worked into  furnishings
a specialty.
All kinds of lumber, laths and shingles
kept in stock.
A   MACDONALD,
BARRISTER,
OmcE, 11 a itN.uui Avenue.
VEItNON, B. C.
CRANK McGOWAN,
SOLICITOR, NOTARY PUBLIC, Etc
Olllco, I'ltiiiiil block, Barnard Avcnuo,
Vornon, 11. C.
POUHBANE k BILLINGS,
BAnnisTKitu, solicitous and
NOTARIES I'UULIC.
Olllco: Gllmoro'a Block, Barnard Avouuc,
VERNON,    ■    B. C,
W. M. COCHRANE, ■ KllEll. IllLLINOS
"T  E. CHOVVELL,
TIIONSON ST., VEIINON,
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Olllco and Store Fittings a Specialty,
H.
W. RAYMER,
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
KELOWNA, B. C.
Plans and SnccitlciitloiiH 'iroparcil and eriti-
iiniliia furnltilioil iiii illl kinds of buildings,
J H. LATIMER,
VEIINON, B. C,
DOMINION AND PROVINCIAL
Xin-n-d.  Surveyor.
Mom. Amor. Soc. Irrig. Kngs.
JOHN A. CORYELL, A, M., B. C, A.
Civil Engineer,
PROVINCIAL   LAND   SURVEYOR
AND DRAUGHTSMAN.
Irrigation Projects, Engineering and Survey Work, with Plans and Estimates,
In Any Portion of the Province, Immediately Attended to.
Maps and Plans of any Portion of
Osoyoos District,
VERNON,    MIDWAY,   KETTLE   RIVER.
C. De B. GREEN,
Assoc. Mem. Can. Soc. C. E.
PROVINCIAL LAND  SURVEYOR
AND DRAUGHTSMAN.
Surveys of Every Description In the Lowor
Country from the Slniiikaineou to Grand
l'riilrle immediately Attended to.
Payment will bo received either in Cash,
Stock, Produce or Labor.
J. 0. HAAS, B,«., BJ. M.;* ' -
MINING  ENGINEER AND ASSAYER,
MIDWAY, B. C,
Samples for Assay From a Distance Will
Receive Prompt Attention,
Analytical   Cliomtst   and   Assayor.
GKO. A. GUESS, M, A.,
Honor Graduate In Chemistry and Mineralogy, Queen's University, Kingston,
All Kinds of Assays and Analyses Carefully
and Accurately Performed.
Care of Strathyre Mining Co.,
Fuirvlew, 11. C.
TEBSS-Gold, Silver or Lead, each ?l.50; Gold
and Silver, 82; Nickel, 15; Copper, 12;
Copper, Gold and Silver, 1)3. Other prices
on application.	
C. F. COSTERTON
VERNON, B. C.
—A.grmma.'t  fox*	
The Anglo-Columbian Co., L'td., Wholsale
Importers of Wines and Spirits,
Nleholles k Renouf, Agricultural Machinery,
The Best of Material Always Used.
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS.
Sawmill on Okanagan Lake, handy to shipment.
Sash and Door Factory en C, P. R., Vernon.
MIDWAY SAW MILL
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Constantly on hand at Reasonable Prices,
LEQUIME   &   POWERS, Proprietors.
XI. C. OARQILL/CO.
ARMSTRONG, B, C.
GENERAL   MERCHANTS.
Dealers in Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hardware,
Clothing, and Supplies of all kinds.   A specialty
made of Home Cured
HAMS   AND. BACONS.
Write for prices.
A LARGE LIST OF   FARMS FOR SALE.    ■
»■  O,   OjWWKX.Ii  «fc OO., ^KMSTKOWa.
—-A-mmaa.^ Por—
The Okanagan-Spalluracheen Dists.
FOR
The Royal Insurance,
The London k Lancashire,  ,
The Insurance Co. of North America,
The London k Canadian Fire Ins. Co.
The Sun Life Assurance Co., of Canada.
The Canadian Permanent Loan & Investment Co.
The Dominion Building k Loan Also*
elation.
Gm dust
FIiOTJJEfc.
Kit       Kit       Kit
•*.*■<     r-y.     ...
ft        ft        4.1
MADE FROM SELECTED NO. 1 WHEAT
Si   Si   Hi
ft     ft    TS
I have been appointed agent
by Messrs. Eltel Bros., Bridgeport, Wash., for the sale of their
celebrated brand of Gold Dust
Flour, and shall sell the same
on arrival at
PER
BBL
$6.35
% % §
CASH,
Every Sack Guaranteed
Strictly First Quality.
$   $   §
McNICOL
. MIDWAY, B, C.
HiiliHiHSKitKit at Kit at at at at
<jv •"■» •*!•. *i> 4.\ 4STSiSiSi'Si'S 4.i
iA
V
I
I
.Kit
R. N. TAYLOR,
I THE DRUGGIST
'iv
i
I
f
I
I
I
I
I
¥
f
I
9
9
9
9
sk
(Hy Exam.)
Teraon
A Full Lino of Kiif{lisli, Caiuulliin
mill America ii
PATENT MEDICINES,
DRUGS AND CHEMICALS,
FANCY AND MEDICINAL SOAPS,
PERFUMERY, BRUSHES,
Ami all RcquWlofl for (ho Toilet ami
Siuk Koom
Onlcrxhj'Mall receive careful Attention and Quick ])inpiiteli.
AOENT KOK
B. LAURENCE'S
Spectacles and Eyeglasses
iltH.iSiH.iH.iH.iiliHsHtH.tH' at
4(4 4,> 4.1. 4,4 4.4 4,4 4.\ 4,47.4 /jVVlV?!?
BRITISH  COLUMBIA'S
ioneer {loiter |Ai!l.
"RED STAR."
This Well Known Brand Makes
More Loaves of Bread to the Sack
than any Other Brand on the Pa.
cific Coast,
SEE THAT YOU GET THE GENUINE.
Manufactured only by
Columbian Flouring
JVFilJs Co.,
ENDERBY, B. C.
NOTARY PUBLIC.
A. D. WORGAN.
vkhnon, n. a
VIEWS OF THE DISTRICT FOR SALE.
SLOANE-PAINE-RICHMOND CO.,
The Leading
WHOLESALE * RETAIL
GROCERS
Of the Northwest,
ttpokano,  -OTaa-.il.
SOLI'' AGENTS FOR
Lipton's Celebrated Ceylon Teas.
Anheuser-Busch Budweiser Beer.
" Diamond " Creamery Butter.
Wrlto Cl For Prices on Anything lo
Eat or Drink.
SLOANE-PAINE-RICHMOND CO.,
olIMm SPOKANE, WASH.
W. nAIiRYMPCE;
Geiicrnl     BlnclK»!«,lih
FAIRVIEW, B. 0,
All Kinds of Repairing.   Horseshoeing a
Specialty,
W. C. POUND,
TAXIDERMIST.
IIII1DS, ANIMALS AND K1SII MOUNTED
IN APPROPRIATE STVLKS.
Natlvo Birds and Heads Kept for Sale.
Orders  by mall nx-nlvo prompt, attention,
Mounting Heailn a Specially.
VERNON, B.C.
G. Arthur Rendell,
General Merchant
BOUNDARY FALLS, B.C.
A Full Stock uf
DRY  GOODS,
GROCERIES,
MINERS' SUPPLIES,
ALL   AT   THE   L0WE8T   PRICES.
J. Kerr. r. d. Kerr.
KEJ2I-J Hl^OS.,
Ill'TCIIICKB,
MIDWAY and BOUNDARY FALLS
. Meat delivered at llm'k Creek ami nil Hn
VillillB I -|UII|i:.,
TOBACCO GROWING IN THE OKANAGAN  VALLEY.
(Contrlbutcd.l
Tobacco was firs! Introduced to the
English speaking people liy .Sir Walter
Raleigh, who first, learned its use from
the Indians while exploring in
America, Since then theoonsumptlon
of tobacco lin-s Increased, and tobacco
growing 1mb become one of the foremost Industries,
At present tbe annual consumption
of tobacco Is enormous and according
to siiiiistii's thirty per cenl of the
white population of ilu* world use to*
Imcco, averaging 20 pounds per capita
annually.   Tills In ('iiiaiilaaliaianiaans
un annual consumption nf :iii,i>io.iii>i
liomiils, of which 1)5 per cent, is iin-
ported tram the Stales,
Now, if this can be raised at home and
sold nt. the low figure uf •£> cents per
I'lninil iii ibe raw stale, it means an
annual Income of $ii,i<nj,otiO to the
Oariadian farhiers,
As regards soil, thore are two kinds
In tills valley especially adapted to the
growing of tobacco) 1st, sandy loanii
2nd, light or dark day. The first,
winch is very abundant in this valley,
produces a plant which matures a
week or two earlier than on clay soils;
the leaf is apt to lie light In color, elastic and silky, nnil makes very gond
hinders, averaging from 10 cents to $2
per pound, nml produces from WO to
BiflO pounds per acre,
The light or dark clay soil, on which
timber hns grown, when well drained
and cultivated; produces the finest
quality of tobacco, The leaf is larger,
darker, soft and silky, and rich In gum
or finish, making good wrappers,
and brluglng from 25 cents to $10 per
pound, anil produces from 1200 to 1800
pounds per acre,
There is n prevalent notion among
farmers who have neyer grown tobacco that it very soon ruins soil. This
is not so, for with proper fertilization
good crops of tobacco can he grown on
the same In ml for fifty years, and the
tobacco becomes of a lietler quality
after the first three crops; and the
land should not be changed yearly, as
new hind produces n leaf with much
larger veins limn land on which it has
been grown the year previously.
Sixty-five dollars is an outside cost
per acre from the time of planting until the leaf is packed fur market, nnd
taking an average orop of lMOpounds
per acre for good light or dark clay
soil, which will bring at the least 15
cents per pound, or $225 per acre,
leaves a net. profit of $100 per acre.
From long experience of tobacco
({rowing in the States, I have come to
the conclusion from the samples I have
grown at Kelowna, that the climate
and soil of this valley is especially
adapted to the growing and successful
curing of first quality tobacco; and
the fact that I have been ottered from
25 cents to 35 cents per pound for nil
iny last year's crop delivered at the
wharf, Kelowna, speaks for itself,
Any person desiring further information regarding the growing and curing of tobacco may obtain Ihe same by
applying to Oolllns A; Holman, of
Kelowna. Lewis Holman.
, ~H4-	
DEPOSITION OF GOLD.
Ill a very able lecture delivered by
I'i'oft. J. I,. Ijiibley some Interesting
theories were advanced in regard to the
origin of gold quart* veins, In this
lecture the Professor states that il,
seems probable that under natural con
diliiins of bent and pressure gold will
unite wilh silica, forming a silicate
of gold Slightly soluble in hot-water.
Thus the same conditions thai favor
Ihe solution of silica itself, which, as
It well known, is slighlly soluble In hot
water. Thus the same conditions Unit
favor the Bolutlon of silica Itself, which,
ns is well known, Is slightly soluble In
hot, water, nnd llie disposition Of II
In the cavities or fissures, would likewise he favorable in the formation of a
silicate of gold in siliceous auriferous
rocks nml the subsequent (olutlon of
the compound and Ils transportation
also from the massive nick Into any
cavity or fissure, There would thus
bean Infilling of fissures with silica,
together wilh nn admixture of silicate
of gnld, not to mention other minerals,
Time alone would be required to effect.
the eoinplele separation of the gold
from Ihe silicate with which it. was
United, iiiid leave it as free inelalic gold
in the diversified forms and quantities
iu which It Is now found In.quartz
veins: In support of this view llis-
choir, Dr. Slerry limit, and Prof, Newberry, all high authorities, have expressed the opinion that gnld has
probably been Introduced into the
veins in silicate. Since tho sea Is the
great receptlcle forall solutions, il. wns
safe to conclude that it contained the
soluble sails of gold, luil the fuel is not.
now a matter of mere deduction, but
of actual knowledge, Sonstadl found
from careful experiments on the aea
Water of Ramsey liny, Isle nf Man,
that sea water contains a little under
u grain of gold per ion.  Estimating
Ihe whole of Ihe gold product ion of the
world to the present time at £8,5000,-
000,000 sl Mng, nnd taking Ihe weight
if sen water of the globe at 500,01X1,000,-
000,000,000 tuns, as was estimated by
Prof. H, Wurtz, of New York, we find
thai the present sens of the globe contain upwind of 6,000,000 limes ns much
gold as has ever been extracted from
the rocks, nud consequently we must
conclude llnil the sens of the globe iu
the post linve been fully able to stock
Its mineral deposits with nil the gold
they contain, Prof. 0. Wilkinson carried out a long scries of experiments,
from which it was evident that gold
precipitated by organic matter aggregated around metallic nuclei, and that
besides gnld Itself, lbe sulphides of the
metals, as pyrites and galena, were especially attractive, This is in entire
accordance with the well-known fact
of the association of gold with the
metallic sulphides, and particularly
with pyrites. When in association
with pyrites or other metallic minerals,
whether nn association of adhesion
merely, or as an alloy, the gold would
remain so associated until induced by
the occurrence of new and favoring
conditions to sever itself from its
metallic associates,and chemically combine with nn element or compound
for which under the conditions to which
it wns exposed it Iind an affinity, and
which body would be supplied by silica.
From these conditions it seems probable thnl gold wus Originally dissolved
in tlie waters nf the ocean from which
it wns deposited as the result of decomposition of soluble sails of gold by the
action of organic matter, nud then was
eliminated from sedimentary rocks (iy
segregation to other metallic matter,
with whicn it remained associated until thermal conditions (caused by deep-
seated positon or not fnr distanl ig-
neous action) induced n chemical reaction and likewise heated sufficiently
llie subterranean water nf Ihe rocks In
make it an effective solvent of the auriferous compound. Ho the gold nf the
massive rocks was carried with silica,
by percolating water into the accumulating "vein stuff" of rock fissures,
where on cooler conditions supervening, the auriferous compound wns deposited in a solid condition, and the
gold itself subsequently sepnraleil by
the segregation of the silica lo the vein
quarlz and left disseminated through
the vein stuff as metallic gold in the
forms in whicli it is notv found.
 -v»~< -
progress in the blmilkameen.
From the Okanagnn Outlook we
glean n few fuels relative to Ihe condition of affairs in the SirallKaiueen
valley, ns observed by Mr. Frank
Toson, a gentleman from the other
side, who evidently possesses in a good
degree .tiie faculty of observation.
He says the wentbec has been very
mild so far, and only aboul three
inches of snow on tlie ground. None
of the stockmen are feeding yet and
cattle are in excellent condition.
It is several years since Mr. Toson
last visited the valley and he found
that great changes and Improvements
have been made. There are many
more settlers and the rich bottopi hinds
are being cleared and cultivated. All
kinds of grain and vegetables are
raised in abundance, and fruit, such as
apples, pears, iipi'icnts, peaches, plums
and prunes can be successfully raised
in Ibis fertile valley. Fruit raising
in that country promises to develop
into a very Important and profitable
Industry and all the 'ranchers are selling out orchards on n large or small
scale, according jo their means,'
The Douglas, llros. are Inking a ditch
out of ihe SlmllkAUieen with which to
Irrigate their ranch and intend going
Into the bop-raising business. Webster brothers lime grow* pemiiils very
successfully nnd Mi't.'.ui'ily'hns nlmiiml
trees growing lu his orcbjlrd. •Snnio
of the ranchers have tried raising tobacco uml say that it can lie grown
successfully,
The freshet of Inst sprliig, he snys,
did no'material damage, and a largo
liny crop was bnivesled, sniiie pf lbe
ranchers having put tip us 'nnldfc ak'800
tons.
Grain is quoted in the vnlley at, 2
rents n pound, pqlntoes ill from 1 to 2
rents,' nnd olhel- vegetables accordingly. '
The country ia *ml tjuckly settled,
owing to the fuel.that the laws fnnii-
lerly permitted 'li person to huy any
quantity of land from the government
and most of Ihe lancheisure now, holding from 801) to 1000 acres each.   Were
these large'ranches divided Into small
holdings, as lhey prn|iu,|ily will be some
day, the Valley would easily support
ten families where there is now Inil.
one.
The mining inteiests, Mr. Tonsou
says, are in a lieu)tby nnd promising
ciiuilidilon, 'Several companies are
preparing to hydraulic at Princeton,
ami (ii'iinili'crei'k,
Everything considered, the outlook
for Ihe country si'cins In be brighter;
than il has been foi son ie time,
"   ' .  '      a-':;   .yva- 'oi:ifft .'■'<■. THE ADVANCE.
pri".\RT k NORRIS Pkiii'hietobs.
Published   weekly   at  Midway,  B. C,
Subscription Price. S-.O" per anniini, payable
in sdvanco, either yearly or half-yearly at the
,i|ilion of the subscriber.
Advertising Rates sent on application.
Though the columns of The Advinoi are
always oneii for the discussion of matters of
liuhlu! interest pd itnportanc'i-, we do not nee*
USSsHly endoinc any of the opini(|iis e'xtirc -aril.
llurresHoudeiice of anersoiuil niitMJc wjll not be
published.
THURSDAY, Jj^UARY 21,1895.
In fqi-q)ei- jsiflies reference has been
piode to the slaughter of cattle pn the
(.'qlvjlle. reseryatlon, just south of here.
|t Hflflt transpires thaf the cattle so
slaughtered beiongeil to Manley Bios.,
pf Gj-imd Prairie, ipul for the crime
(wo men pntiiei} pilly Matheson and
Link Ewep were (itrested and held in
Custody fi||' some days. It seems, however, that eithen a sufficient amount of
I'viduni't' wai) nqt forth,ppming pn
which to prosecute, or that the case
bus been treated with the usual amount
pf leniency whichpharncterlzes thedis-
peiisatii||i nf the law in Unplp Sum's
lerrilory, for the prisoners, we ure
given lo ui|derstni|d, have been set at
liberty. Tl'is auij like cases s|ipuld
clapil (l|e SPliUIIB attention of the
|iuthoi'iljes im (his side, fqf whether or
nii( th(i linilllllis in question wpre
-itillen iq ||i il isl) Columbia and driven
Ittieniiii unto the, reserve, qr strayed
aci-row. does not. mutter. One thing is
1'ertaln, and ""it is, an example cannot
|h* too soon made mining the lawless
clement. Il|at linye, their habitations
I'lose to |h|i International iHiqndiiry
line.
After many mouths of waiting and
quires uf foolscap spoiled, the postal
authorities have nt last, put of tbe gen
I't'qsity of their hearts,, condescended
|<i respond to the petition that was
SjCflf til the department last May, bear*
||i(f tjiB signatures uf nearly the whole
lif tl,e milling population of Boundary
creek, and are alHiut to establish u
post office at Boundary Falls. The
parties who have so, persistently
worked for this renovation are to he
congratulated on the success of their
labor, and no doubt the inconveniences
suffered in the past will soon he forgot-
(on, and the boon conferred will help
|o rerqneile Ihem |(. the harrjliln disadvantage (if pitWHsillK "illy a weekly
|nail servicp,
r-—7-H»--r—
The amendment to the Cuttle Act,
llie text (if which may be seen on our
fourth page, and which has virtually
jiepomu law, provides that no brand
shall be registered which shall allow
flm cutting off of both ears of all aiii-
(ni\l. We are not super sensitive on
iqatfers of cruelty, but we consider
rather a fine distinction is drawn when
lie who lops off one em- of an animal is
justified, whilst he who lops off both
Cars is considered to have violated the
Criminal law,
 ►-♦•< •
A letter from qui' Armstrong correspondent bearing dale January 12, arrived nu tlie Zi. It takes twelve days
for u letter to travel 175 miles in this
Country, and the people wonder we
kjpk at the mai| service.
— l-«H	
We havp no room Ihis week for a
comment on G. S. (1,'s letter touching
the question of options and bonds.
—. ►#-*	
CRISIS  IN   (TRANCE.
The attention (if'he whole of Europe
|s at the pcejient l,i|pe centred on
(•'ranee, as a result (if the political
Crisis which, has taken place in that
Country by the resignation of the
Dupny ministry and Hint, of President
Cassjn(ir-Perier. The present is looked
(•poll by many as the iqost critical
i|erioi| in t.jie country's hjstory. Following is t|ie President's, letter, in
which, he states his reuspns for tlie
action tuken i
" I dii| nqt concei(l fnuil myself the
|liflli'ull(esi|f tl(e task which the national assembly' inii"ls,'d upon ilie. I
(iinl foi-csiiiiii them j hut if one does
lint.refqse a post in the inpnient of
danger, one con only preserve one's
dignity iu the convicfliiu that the
1'iiqntry |s being served, 1 he president
pf a i-epiililic without iiieii'us of act ion
pr without control, can derive from
| be confidence of the nation alone I hul
nun iti force wil bout which lie is nothing.
" I dnuhl. neither the good sense nor
he justice of France, lull public oiiin-
on has been li'i| iisli'iiy. .\|nri' Iliad
went y yearsdevotiid |,(| the same cause,
nore than t.wut|ty years' attachment
o the republic uiui devotion to (Iconic-
■ncy have sufficed neither to convince
lie republic of the sincerity and ardor
pf my political faith not disabuse my
adverseries, who lielleve 1 will make
inyself tile insl I'lmieiit of their piissious
pr hopes.
" For tlie lost six months <* campuigii
(if slander and Insult has been going ou
(tgiunst army magistrates, parliament
|ind the chief of slate, and tins license
fo disseminate social hatred continues
(o lie called ' '''"'I'l>' "f thought,'
"The ri's|«'cl und (imbition which 1
entertain for my coi||(l|'y \yill 1(01 allow
me to nckowledge that «WHl||ls of the
country, iind lle who pttpriwentii it In
|he presenile of fnveign niVli'Hm HU'V >»'
insulted every day.
'i I remain persuaded imfniw* can
pnlji he carried, out with the assistance
pf A government delei-iiiineil to insure j
respect for the laws, fo make itself
pbeyed by ilssi|lsiriliiiiil,,'s,and hi group
| belli all together hi common action for
common good.
" I lay on the table of the senate and
phainber of deputies Iny resignation of I
(he functions OS president of tin* re-
BY THE WEATHER MAN,
At either imle -.lie ititi-nsity nf the eolar
bent Is (inc ti'urth ureiiti-f innn ai theeqna-
(or, li-.-HU-t* nt |lm pule tiie sun aliiuee
during llie *flin|e. (wpnty-fiuir bourn.
The Htinunl rainfall of fluent Britain
pqutilx I). 1100. llllll ligrs*' pmver; uf Gerininiy,
11.8llll.0lli|;,., Krai eta 12,000,000; of Rus*
rn " UUO.OOO: of the United States, 430,-
poo.ooo.
Tne opening of the door uf a warm room
in Lnplnn I during the winter will be in*
i qtuntlr followed by A miniature snowstorm, the pundeiiaed moisture falling la
flukes.
In 1684 nearly all the birds of Europe
were killed by the cold. Wolves entered
Vienna mid other large oities, aud, driven
by hunger, nltaolted the people in the
streets.
The only knowledge we have of the air
currents from ten tu une hundred miles
above ihe rui'Lli's surface Is what Inm been
gained aiau ivaichbig il,ii luminals (ruins
)eft by meteiirs.
The i-iilil nt the Dominion seems to diminish wiih mi increase of population, Be-
tween 1828 and 1837 Hndsun's liny was
plueeil au average of one lituidrt-d and
eighty-four dais every year; now its iee
lists one hundred and eevi-iity-nitie days,
NOTES OF THE FOOTLIGHTS.
Peppn and I .ulla luverniszl are delight,
ing Paris willi dances in ancient style.
Of the twenty girls who sang recently at
• Marches! ooueert in Paris teveu were
Americans.
Accunnls of a recent sale of music ball
shares In London sliuiv s general depreciation In values.
Thirteen members of the English Cinderella company have secured engagements
in this country.
An Amsterdam choir of twenty singers
recently gave a concert in London to au
audience of thirty-four.
A syndicate of oapitalists is to build a
(1,000,000 theatre neur the corner of Monroe and Chirk streets, Chicago.
Miss Fiances E. Willard suggests a
Christina theatre—one conducted in a way
that religious papers could advertise anil
recommend.
unj^
HAS |(EEN A
GREAT SUCCESS
In Africa, Australia, America, and
also in Canada, including fh,? Prci
vjnee of British Columbia,,        '
It Will Not Cost You more than $4 pqr ton to
extract from 90 to 96 per cent of the
assay value of your ores. Send samples
to us and we wilt report thereon free of
cost, provided freight is prepaid, Call
and see us or write tq
JK? Gassel Qqjd
Extracting (io., Lid.,
W. PELLEW HARVEY, F.Q.S.,
Supt. Experimental WoRKg.
Hill) VANCOUVER, p.C.
CURRENCY,
A tux vraB levied on cats in Persia until
a few yearn ugo.
There aie 13,000,000 men of military age
lu tlm United States.
The siztt of a woman1! shoe should be
just half that of tier iilove,
Tlie normal weight of the liver is betwveu
three nnd fuur puuiids.
The lnrgfrit toi-acco ware limine in tbe
world it* nt Louisville, Kr.
A deer hunt, with n comical terminal
tion, was lately witnessed in Meath, Ire:
laud. The name, being hotly pressed,
plunged into the bea aud swam to an island
a mil'-distant,
" 'Sieiira-lieated,' as it appears on the
signs of H ts and buildings ol one sort or
another," said a citizen, "ueems just now
almost a superfluity; but it will be all right;
next winter."
FOR SALE
OKANAGAN MISSION,  B. C.
This iii ji Nplcwlirily ilnisliotl Iiouko inside
anil out, almoKt now, with good stable ai)<jout
buildings, Is centrally located In the valley
and comniftudB a good iraiie. It stands on Its
own groiii|dn of Iwo and a half acruu in extent,
and i'„* a gnqd Invostmoiit
AISO A FIRST-CLASg
BLACKSMITH SHOP
WITH
COMPHETE OUTFIT OF TOOLS.
This building in two storcyw high ni|i( stands
on its own ground of half an acre in extent, and
is in a commanding business position,
FOH TflHHH Al'I'fcY Tp
D, NICHOLSON,
Okanagan Mission.
BOUNDARY FALLS HOTEL.
Centrally Located In the Boundary Creek
Mining Camps,
BEST OK LIQL-OHS AMD CISAUS,
OHAItOKS MODERATJI.
Mining Men Personally Conducted to Any of
the (.'limps, or HurscH Funitshed,
THOMAS. J. HARDY, PROP.
uuld t/ummissiuncn s rtuncr..
OVER  LAND AND SEA.
One hundred lalies in the Tyrolese Alps
luive sulisiiled and di*ii(upeureil within the
|iib( oi-mury.
Mount Lagan, l'j Ahmk, iiiiieteen thousand live hundred feet high, itisnowuliiiin,
ed is tlie highest iiiiiuiitaiti In America.
A great bridge over the Seine bearing
theatres ami hoimes will be one Of the
phief it!irnciin||ii of the Paris einimiiiun ii|
1800.
A long-distance telephone Hue between
Madrid nud llarcelonia, a distunoe of live
hundred miles, wiil be completed in two
pr three mnnlhs.
Chicagiiiius per capita are not .. well
policed as Lnndoiiers, the police ill Chicago nuiulieriiig only 2.720 for 1,000,000
people ngilillst Loiidou'a 111,814 for ,5,000,,
000 population.
NOTABLE MEN.
pH<'i
pAHIXIII I'HIIIKll.'
Tbe sultan of Johore wears an electrio
light in his shirt frunt,
Liszt's great skill wi'li the piano was in
part due to his luiinense industry. For
jetns he practiced teu hours a day.
The Bookman makes the aHtouislitug sn-
liouuueineii (hat uu bnuk of Mr. Buskin's
|iss ever been translated and published in
a foreign language.
Mine. Klniic says that Bret Hart iq, of all
the American authors of (he time, tbe
most popular in Frauoe, and that Howells
is not generally liked by the French.
A Paris j.uirnal says that (he American
wtist, Mr, Thi'iiuis Shields-Clarke, at
present resident jn Paris, pursues five clif-
ferenl brunclii's qf art in live different
studios.
HORTICULTURAL HINTS.
Attempt to grow no more frnll than you
cm properly attend tn.
Varieties will not run out if strict earn
In the snlei'lloii of seed Is eserclied.
The southern grown pole beau clings k>
fhe pule better (linn northern grown.
ll Is (hmu'l't by Investigators uf the subject thai Ine soil has much lo do with ihe
flavor nt melons.
The tomato baa been greatly changed In
form by c|illivaiiiiii, but it is iho snme old,
(otuatii In ll.ivur.
It is claimed Hint If the t'ti'im plants of
celery are weeded, nut the on||stiiuiiou und
size of the vegetable will l;e jiijured.
INDUSTRIAL ffgHlg,
The niniiiifai.'tnre of nrtilie|a| granite ts
now a California Industry,
As yet there have been discovered but
(wo processes (or enameling oaai irunr
A new nml v linil'lo method of coating
aluminum wiih o(l|er nietuls ha. b.on per*
fellleil iii Oermatiy.
Coke is belter than cos), snd charcoal
better sliil fur producing intense hest, because of the larger percentage of curiam
they contain.
The efficiency of bobbins for preparing
cotton is now much increased by forming
tin ir niaiilar body purl uf corrugated
sin el ine'.ul.
TAX NOTICE.
Rock Creek Division of Yale
District.
NOTICE is hereby given that assesspd and
Provincial revenue tftxes for 1895 <\r« now
duo and payable at my olHct). OsoyooR, at tho
following rate* t—
If paid on or before the 30th Juno--
One-half of one per cent on the assessed value
of real estate:
One-third of one per cent on the assessed
value of personal property;
One-half of one per cent on the income of
ovory person of fifteen hundred dollars
and over;
Two per cent on tho assessed value of Wild
Land.
If paid on or after tho 1st July—
Two-thirds of one per eont on the assessed
value of real estate;
One-half of one per cent on the assessed value
of persunal property;
Three-quarters of ono per cent on the income
of every person uf fifteen hundred dollars
and over;
Two and one-half per eont mi (|ie assessed
value of Wild Land,
All persons whose taxes are ii) arrears up to
the 31st December, 181IJ, are requested to pay
the same forthwith, or costs will bo Incurred at
an early date,
Cl. A. H. LAMBLY,
Assessor and Collector for the
ltock Creek Division of Yalo District.
Government OHico,    *
Osoyuos, fill. January, 18D5. td
NOTICE.
PURSUANT to tho "Trust-ecu and Executors
Act," uol lee is herehy given that all credi-
1 tors and oilier persons having any claims
against the estate of John Mottat, of Fairview,
: llilllsh Columbia, who died on the lirst day of
November, I MM, aud of whose estate probate
wns granted on tbe 17th day of Docomhof, (o
i Ucorgc .1. Sliccliiui. uf fairview, aforesaid, \\vv
[ horoby required to send in the ptirticuh,ri, of
their claims or demands, duly verified, tn \\w
, undersigned on or before tbo iKth day of |iv*.ni-
; ury, \W>> after which dato the executor will
proceed to dlstrlbuto the assets of deceased
amongst Iho parlies entitled thereto, having
reference only to the dohta, claims apd demands of which he shall then have had notice,
and iiiii the assets or any part t hereof so administered or distributed and he will nut lie lialile tn
j any uerson of whoso debt, claim or demand he
shall not then have had nolieo ; (pal alf persons
indohlcd lo Iho estate of tho ||,inmjul are re-
: quired forthwith lo pay the annnml of their
debt), respectively to the executor,
(JKOItGK J. HHKEHAN,
pXEOUTOIt,
Detii^ibpr, Uttli, IM*. Fairview, B, C.
MINERAL ACJy, 1891.
Oortlftciitc of Improvements.
NOTICE,,
The Empire MpuwAjL Claim,
Situated in Camp Fairview, in the Osoyoos
'Mining Division dfYtilo DistHct.
TAKE NOTICE that I. Francis R. Kline,
Free Miner sceHIfifiiUe'62,155, intend by
my agent. Thomas Elliot, of Camp Fairview,
sixty days from the date hercnt, to apply to the
Uol'd Commissioner for a corliucatc of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown
Urautof the above claim, "
Anil further lake notice, Uial adverse claims
must be sent to the Hold Commissioner and
action commenced boforo tlio Issuance of such
oci'tilV*iito of improvements.
Dated this Ktl. day of January, 1S05.
Osoyoos Division of Yale I)i^
trict.
All placer claims and lease hohU in t||U \l\n.
trict legally held u\]\y be h^d over from tho 1st
of November, iwi|, id the 1st pf Jung, |$5.
C. A-R. LAMBLY,
Osoyoos, B. C, Gold Conunlssioner,
27th October, 1894.
CANADIAN PACIFIC
RAILWAY,
The    World's    Highway
from Atlantic  to Pacific
STEAMER ABERDEEN
LEAVES PENTICTON
TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS and   SATURDAYS
at 8 a.ni., Connecting at
OKANAGAN  LANDING
With Train.8 for the East «nd West
—-♦-	
Througl) kimM'Iuhh Nl,'i-|iiiig purs
llitlly llctwi'.'ii Viiiii'ouvcr and Moil
treal i|iid St. Paul*
Through Tlcketa on Snlc to I-lostei-ii
nnd Put'lllc t'ouat Points,
 -♦	
Bates Lower Than Any Oilier Lino
For Hates, Time &C, Apply to
H. S. SCADDING,
Agent, PENTicTOri
OR TO
G, Ml. BROWN,
Di8T, Pass. Agent,
Vancouver, B. C.
SPOKANE FALLS
and
NORTHERN RAILWAY
Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway
ALL RAIL  TO NELSON, B. C.
Only through  line to  Nelson,
Kaslo, Kootenay Lake
and Slocan Points,
Through Trains Semi-Weekly,
Daily, except Sunday, between Spokane und Marcus.
W a.m. Ly SPOKANE Ar. 5:30 p.m.
On Wednesdays and Saturdays trains will
run through to N'clson, arriving at 5:41) p.m.,
making close connection with tlie steamer Nelson for Kaslo and all lake points, arriving at
Kaslo ut 9:00 p.m. same days. Returning, passengers will leave lake points nnd Nelson on
Tuesdays and Fridays, arriving at Spokane
same day.
Passengers for Kettle Kiver and Boundary
Creek oopyeot at Marcus with stage-on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Kriduys.
auglolf
CANN & CO.,
BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS
And Dealers In
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS,
SEWING MACHINES,
WALLPAPER,
TOBACCOS, ETC, Eto.
Needles for All Makes of f-iewinj;
Machines Kopt in Stock.
»
Mail orders from the Lower Country
will receive prompt attention.
CANN & CO.,
TBBiroir,   b.   o.
FAIRVIEW HOTEL
JOHN MOFFAT, PROP.
EXCELLENT BOARD
GOOD STALLING
Horses and Buggies for Hire.
GRAND PRAIRIE
HOTilL
OI1ANI) 1'IIAIIIIK, KETTLE IIIVKII.
(Iiiiid Slock o
,   .   .   Good Stabling,
I'HIUKH REASONABLE,
McLaren bros., proprietors.
IILACKSM1TI1   6*1101'   IN   CONNECTION
Stages Leave nyovy Monday and Wculnosday
(Ol Marcus, Wash.
ENDERBY HOTEL
II, W, WniGIIT, PHQP,
!-.|   ENDERBY, P. C.   :-:
Livery iu Connection.
Firtjt-elaBs accommodation for Commercial
Travellers.
Hunting and Fishing in abundance through
thia district,
Pa^.k Horses and guides furnished to K^irts-
nio^nn shurtect iHjt^c,
% ELUOTp
General Merchant,
FAIRVIEW, 3, 0.
Keeps the Largest and Best Assorted Stock of
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots & Shoes, &e,
any place south of Vernon, anil sells on terms to suit v|ie timep,
Cheapest Place to buy for Clash lq the Okanagan Country.
FULL WEIGHT AND  MEASURE ASSURED.
CAMPBELL BROS.
Importers and Manufacturers
of All Kinds of
FUEUITUBF,
d5-6m VERNON, B. C.
BAN ^MONTREAL
CAPITAL (all paid up) $12,000,000.
REST     6,000,000.
 +	
SIR DONALD A. SMITH, Pies.     HON. GEO. E. DBUMMOND, Vicii-iYc*
E. S. CLOUSTON, Genkkal Manager
 +	
savix-jg-s br a pre:
HATH OK INTEREST AT PRESENT 31 PER CENT.
BULLION AND GOLD DUST HANDLED.
Brunches In London, Eng,, New York and Ohlc'ttjfo.'and'in all the principal cilie.
in Canada.   Buy iindaell Sterling Exnhangeand Cable Transfers, Grain
commercial and travelling credits,*! ailable in nn> pni-tof the world.
Drafts Issued.        Collections Made to all Points.
UKAN'CUICS IN nillTISIl COLUMBIA I
VANCOUVER     *     -    NEW WESTMINSTER.
VICTORIA
Vernon Branch : 6. A.
NEL.SQN
WULFFSOHN & BEWICKE, Ltd.,
BANKERS
Financial, Real Estate, Insurance and
General Agents.
Dock Howe, Bii.i.iteh Stiieet, London, England,
VANCOUVER, B. O, and VERNON, B. C.
JOHANN WULFFSOHN, Managing Director.
Vernon Branch, G. A. Hankey, Manager,
NICHOLLES & RENOUF, L'td
Victoria,  B.  O.
AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY.
SOLE AGENTS FOR
Brantford ® Binders ® and § Mowers
THE BEST IN THE MARKET.
A Full Line of Waggons, Trucks, Ploughs, Harrows &c, &c.
WAREHOUSE AT VERNON.
C. X1. Costerton, J\.fgexi±.
Armstrong Sash and Door Factory,
ALL KINDS OF
DOORS, SASHES, MOULDINGS,
HOUSE  FURNISHINGS, ETC., ETC.,
M^imlacturejd on the Premises and Kept in Stock.
Write for Prices to
N.MCLEOD,
>, ARMSTRONG, B. C,
ARM5TR0NQ   HOTEL
II. KEYES, Prop,
Good Accommodation,
lies! Liquors iind Qlgnre,
|''ii-sl*ClimH Sl nlil ing.
ARMSTRONG, B. C.
ROCK GREEK HOTEL . . .
MOUTH OF ROCK CKEEK.
IK.   n*fto»».clx-i*B-l».,   TOCjar.
FlIIBT-CLABS   ACCOMMODA-Tipx   fOK  GOESTS.
GOOD STABLING
IS-Ex(Hi|lolit Fishing on Ki;(llo Illvcr.jgr
The, fiO^y Shaving Parlor
VEIINON, 1). C.
The Oilmpre Block,
Opposite the Post Office.
*trLaillc»' mi Chllnrcn's balr-outttng and
slil\iniiuiiliiK n Hpoclalty.
K,GOOD?i(lM(Pliy,iI'rop,
Gilbert's Resort,
OKANAHAX LANDING.
HUNTING, FiSHIM, BOATING.
TllOKOUOIIby Compohtapi
--FIl'Ht-dllSH--
LIQUORS and ClGA.i.,.
GRAND FORKS
HOTEL
KETTLE  klYEIia;, B. C,
Stages to Miircus, W'nsii., and
Midway, B. C.
Every Attention Given to Guests,
J. L. WISEMAN, Prop;
J'aintoiA's J^lvisic Store*
-OLD   P08T   OFFICE-
409 Hastings Street, Vancouver,
Pianos and Organs-Easy Terms,
S.lieet Musk;, &c. Special attention given, ^
Wall Onjers, BIRTH.
3ncr'M On Scniliiv morning. January 20th,
III* w^e yf 11. If. Iiijirain, Kettle River, i/<
a daughter.
LOCAL ANB DISTRICT.
Mr. Monnghan returned Tuesday
(from a trip to Penticton,
Mr.-jC. A. R. La-molyretufoed south
,on Wednesday from Vernod.
Mr, W. Dalrymple is building an addition to his dwelling at Fairview.
We regret to learn that Mre, A.
I i Johnson, of Vernon, is very seriously
" Mr. Cameron has completed assess-
•ment on the Fontenoy, Camp Mi>
.JCinney,
Mr. A, L. Manley, of Grand Forks,
•paid Midway a visit on Friday last and
■returned on Saturday.
Mrs. Doicding returned to the Lower
.country hy Monday's hunt, and will reside in future at Osoyoos.
Mr. W. Edwards has lieen doing
/lasessment on Mr. Lnmlily's cluim,
west of the Eurekn, Camp McKinney.
Mr. S.uj'dam <tnd Mr. Mclntvre
passed Ihnnigli Midway on Saturday
last on their way Io and from. Rock
icreek,
Mr. J. Hadigan, nf Rock c^eek, who
lli.r some time past has lieen in the hospital at Spokane, is, we are gl.nl to
hear, recovering,
The mill at Fairview is now working
splendidly, having liwji thoroughly
overhauled while it wns shut down
wailing for the new shoes and dies
from San Francisco.
Last week's stage lo Penticton met
with two accidents on the way, owing
ito which it was only ahle to make
,Rock creek on Thursday night, instead
of I'map McKinney, as usual,
Mr. .1. Stevens has done considerable
development work this winter on tlie
Comet claim, Fairview. The shaft is
now down twenty feet on a strong
four-foot lead of good ore. The Cornel
fe a north-west extension of the Steni-
•winder.
On Friday evening, Jan. 18, a dance
will lie given at Mr. Spraggett's, Grand
Prairie, Kettle river, at which all
friends from near and from far are cordially invited. Everything will he
,doni' for those who attend to insure to
litem a truly enjoyable time.
Messrs. A, Donahue & Company are
gunning fu a tunnel on their hill claim,
near White's bar, to tap an old channel
,of Rock creek. Messrs. D. Rankin and
J. Tliurley are working on a similar
proposition at the crossing. J. Blase
k Company are sinking in the creek
lower down.
Within Ihs next two weeks or as
•30011 iin the necessary material arrives,
Boundary Falls will enjoy the luxury
of a (lost office. Mr. T. Hardy has been
appointed postmaster, with Air, G, A.
lteiiojrll assistant. Mr, Reudell will be
•acting postmaster, and tlie office will
lie located in his store,
About a week ago a horse belonging
to Mr. John Thornton died on the
range at Boundary creek. Wishing to
turn the animal to good account, although dead, he stuffed it with strych
nine, and a day or so after was rewarded with four tine specimens of the
jgeniis caiiia, or timber wolf.
Di. Jakes returned to Midway hy
■yesterday's stage. We are pleased to
learn that lie successfully passed the
examination which confers upon him
the right to practice in the province,
•mil what js good news as well, he has,
,-is he well deserves, been promised the
(lovernineiit appropriation, which was
voted for a resident medical man in
.this section.
With tlie opening of spring the
■tlready extensive orchard of Mr. Covert, Grand Prairie, will be increased
by having set mil, in it another 1,000
fruit trees .of different varieties, If the
past rate at increase is kept up very
soon this gentleman will possess the
largest fruit plantation in B. C. It is
known that Mr. Covert entertains the
idea of setting out his entire property
in fruit, and then, as the country ad.
vances and the proper time arrives,
.split it. up into small holdings and
place it upon the market. This has
lieen done in California and other
countries, and has returned enormous
iiroliis to liic expei'iiiictitor, and there
is no reason why the same experiment
should not prove a profitable venture
In this country.
Tl|e Iirsl of the series of bi-uionlbly
il.inii'a Imik place on Saturday night
at i'lilinci'sion's hall, preceded by Oar-
son's great sterenptlctui show of the
World's Columbian Fair, and other
beautiful views of the rugged mountain scenery along the western portion
of IheI'aiiiiilinii Pacific railway; also
some of Ihe wonders of tlie Yellowstone
park, .Munition, and scenes iu other
purls of lbe world. The entertainment
drew forth a fair audience, who, by
their expressions of approval, seemed
thoroughly to appreciate the same. Al.
(.lie close of the enterlainuienl limiting
was iiiiiiiedinti'ly commenced, and
soon all were lost in the mazy whirl of
the waltz, and all other thoughts ex
copl. the thorough enjoy men I of tlie
hour were crowded from tlie minds of
the participants. Punctually at half-
post eleven the strains of music ceased,
which brought to a close an evening
pleasantly spent and thoroughly appreciated hy all who were fortunate en-
PHIjfl to take part therein,
News conies from the Okanagnn Mis* I
sion of the hiirningof another haystack |
of thirty or forty tons, the properly of
Mr, John Conroy. The fire is nodoulit [
the u'ork of nu incendiary, and it is to
be imped the miscreant will be brought I
to justice.
 *■+-,	
TERRIBLE DISASTER   IN   BCTTE,    I
Work  at nn   Incendiary—Nearly  Oue
Hundred Lives Lost.
The following account, which is
taken from the Spokane Chronicle, records one of the most horrible disasters
of its kind that has overtaken any city
on the American continent, and as tlie
work of an incendiary, deserves a first
place iu tlie initials of crime;
Butte, Mont., Jan. IB—The most
awful calamity ever recorded in the
history of Montana hns left this city
stunned .'did horro'r-Btr.icsen, scarcely
yet able to realize the truth of the terrible ilis.iislei- which cost the lives of
scores of oue bravest and best citizens.
A terribl*' explosion of giant, powder,
stored in a warehouse near tbe depot,
in direct violation of the city's lows, In
it single instant destroyed the city's lire
department, men, engines nnd horses,
BOUNDARY CREEK NOTES.
(From our own correspondent.)
Boundaky Creek, Jan  17.— This
morning Messrs.   Snydain and  Jllc-
Intyre, accompanied by Messrs.  W.
W. Gibhs, J, flarlan, J, Winters and
N.   LaPliintej started fw Deadwood
and Copper camps, with the intention
of thoroughly examining some of the
properties.
It is understood that Mr. Mclntyre
will take a look at all the camps with
a view to investing.
On their   way  over  from   Grand j
Prairie Messrs. Suydnin and Mclntyre
inspected   the   Skylark   and   Helen
mines, and in conversation Mr. Mclntyre expressed himself as highly
pleased with both these properties, and
said that for the amount of work done
the Helen showed up better than anything lin bad seel) for many a day.
Mr. Ed. JJennett, of Colorado, an old
lime friend of Mr. Scott .SJcRae's, nr-
rived via Henderson's " lightning express yesterday.  Mr, Bennett will, in I
nil probability, remain in the country
to try his hand the coming summer at
prospecting in this neighborhood,   He ,.,,,.
is an old time prospector, hunter and W»e*l»fc»48t three pollceu.en, and hqiv
ninny other   pimple   niny   never   be
known.
The lire broke out In tlie ButU'Hard-
warn company's warehouse, and quickly spread tb the warehouse of Ihe
Keuyoii-Cornell coinpiitiy. At It)
o'clock, iiiimi'ilinii'ly after the fire department arrived on the ground, a terrific explosion shook the earth, a column of flame and smoke shot, high in
the air, and before llie deafening roar
hud ceased to echo the fragments of
the roofs came crushing down; burying
the few brave firemen who were still
alive in au awful flaming tomb.
The bravest citizens rushed forward
anil rescued three wounded firemen
from the flames, when the second explosion occurred and a wave of death
swept through the dense crowd thai
hail gathered about the blazing buildings, Some were hurled in Ihe air and
torn to pieces, sonic were struck hy
flying beams, a few were killed by the
concussion, though unscarred. An
awful pause and then a third explosion
—tlie weakest and the lust.
The roaring flames threw a ghastly
light upon an awful spectacle of death.
Mangled bodies, severed limbs, heads
without budies, blooil, hones and brains
scattered everywhere. Above a'.l the
roar rose tlie shrieks of the tortured
dying nnd Hie wails of tbe living, who
stumbled forward to seek their dead,
Blocks away the streets were dotted
with gory fragments of human flesh
So fnr between fifty und sixty mangled bodies have been recovered and
more are being picked up on all sides.
It is impossible to get all the names,
It is estimated that about 100 ailcli-
i tiotial persons were injured, several of
whom died after lieing taken lo the
hospitals. At this hour wagons are
still taking dead bodies from the scone
to various undertaking establishments
and the wounded to their homes and,
hospitals. The list of dead will possibly
reach seventy-five anil the damage In
property will be more than $1,00Q,000.
Large pieces of iron were thrown
miles.. Several bodies were hurled n
long distance and picked lip iu unrecognizable masses of flesh.
Among the firemen who perished
were t'hinf Cameron and Assistant
Chief Sloan. It is believed that only
three members of the department escaped instant death,
At three o'clock this morning the
lire had partially burned itself out, bul
all night tbe crowds of anxious people
trapper, and just, such a waij as we
love to welcome among us.
Synionds and Dillier are sinking on
the Helen. They have erected an
arinstrong hoist and are down some
twenty-six feet, and have at the bottom of the shaft a ten-inch vein of
very high grade ore, which Improves
with every foot sunk. Free gold antl
native silver have got to be so common
in this lend that even Brother Dillier
does not now pay any attention to it.
The Dittmer Bros, nre hard at work
on tho Miunont. They are down 1(1
feet and it is looking fine, beautiful
specimens showing free gold and
native silver are constantly being
taken out of the cluim.
Messrs. Lind k Will-si' have commenced work ou tlio Capital Prize,
which is steadily improving.
Messrs. Win. McCormick and J.
Dunn have resumed operations on the
Gem mine, Deadwood camp. They
are at present erecting a blacksmith
shop.
Mr. Scott McRae, accompanied by
Mr. Joe Pid (Cupid) lias returned to
his Deadwood ranch and will remain
there for the balance of the winter.
Mr. W. Porter is erecting a large
biini on his ranch. This keeps biin so
busy be has no time to put sober men
to bed, and he says he will not do so
again until next Xiiins Eve.
There is some talk among the Upper
Boundory creek bovs of putting another bridge over the creek, which, if
done, would greatly facilitate travel.
Past experience lias shown the boys to
be greater adepts with the axe' and
shovel than with words, so the near
future may see this much-needed
Improvement, Rex.
LOVE'S TANGLES.
Swiss girls iii the time ,f William Tel]
were married hi b;-ii*ui-.colored guwn, plaid
anion, red hose, bridal wreath and n
sioinaclier, ou wiiich the bride's name and
the date of her birth were eugi-ared in
large letters.
InGeiinany the bride is enliiled lo (he
morgeuulie, morning gift; the custom Inlying lonjierly been that ou die mowing
after tlie wedding she wm entitled to ask
for wbni «lie Tileased, and her request could
uol he refused,
Iimne i-i'iinirydistrlctof Germany '-'nay-
weddings" were Jn rogue as late as tlie present century, eaoli guest paying for lii» rn.
teriniiiiiii-iu ns umeli tube would at annul,
(he.receipts goiug to sol up tne happy pair
jn their new tunic.
Qretim Green was commonly chosen (or
a place of marriage by English runaway
couples, is ii wm (he (irst village across
(he border on the wist const mud, and die
laxity nf Scottish, marriage laws avowed
aliitnst nn)- kiiido.f ceremony,
Tlie Riii-as of Bnrumli hale llieir marriages in n funeral feast. Wlieti n vlllngi r
dies Ilia remains nre tem|or..rily disposed
of until one nr inline marriage! cnn ne Arranged, when they uio diiiuieired, a great
feast mail* mil) the futierui seryii-es properly performed.
When a (Jlilnem girl Is married her at*
lendin.ls nre always (lie olilesl and ugliest
women in lie found in tlie neighbor!!, od,
who ar** |iniil ui uot at fails tn tier tieailly,
It Is snid iliat umiie exceplluiuiliy u.dy old
women make iljt-ir liviiia. hy noting as
professional attendants at weddings,
In Sweden nml Russia ihe cro'vn Is the
bride's chief ornament It is ceiiuiioidy nf
silver aad often very becoming, During
the cer.-uiony tin, groom must nine* it on
the lll-il.i of tliu Initio with Ills own I,..nils.
and If liy nni- (malice it should slip in one
Bide or i'u I off Um omen i« regarded ae ex-
ceedingiy disastrous,
ARMSTRONG HAPPENINGS.
(From our own correspoiidont.l
The following officers have beep
elected iu the Spnlluincheeii Municipality : For Reeve Mr. J. Hainill received 70 votes as against 43 for Air. J.
A. Cameron, Mr. A. Schubert Junr.
was elected to Pleasant Valley ward
by acclamation, as also Mr. Muttheson
for the Salmon River ward. In the
Okanagan ward Capt. D. G. Cummings
received 12 votes to Mr. Crozier's t>.
Spallumcheen ward returned Mr,
James Jackson by 18 to Dr, Ojferhaus'
10. Mr. F. Heathcote acted as returning officer. There was a great deal of
excitement near the close of the polls,
aud I he defeated candidates say it is
impossible for people to tell tbe truth
now a days.
On Monday last an accident took
plaee near Duck's, on the C. P. R,, a
freight train of 14 cars breaking
through a trestle bridge 80 feet high.
The engine and cars were all smashed
up, but I understand noonewas killed,
although several were injured.
»i i
were searching the ruins for the dean
and found a number of limbs and other
portions of human bodies. In a
window of a Northern Pacific, passenger coach an arm was dangling, having
been torn from its socket. Pieces of
skulls and brains were lying about
everywhere and were gathered together in a basket. The hospitals were
ailed, the spare rooms in tiie hotels
were taken and private houses were
thrown open where uecessai'y, and all
through the morning the work of
searching the ruins went on continually,
The lire was undoubtedly Incendiary,
as there were no tires of any kind In
the buildings burned. All the giant
powder was iu the Kenyon-Connell
building, Tim company claims there
were only lull pounds, bi|t the lii-eiueii
say llnil amount would not have
Wrought such damage.
The buildings burned include the
warehouse of tbe Butte Hardware company, Pareben Dacheiil Drug company, and theKfliiyim-Couni'ljMercantile company, the old electric llghl
works, the old Schlilz brewing build
in.., and a Hour and feed ivnrolioiis,',
'J'lie Great Northern freight dentil ivi
completely wrecked and "six wood em
burned.
 —!• 4 4	
(litBAT f'OI.LI'RV DISASTER.
whom bad already been rescued, whilst
u large number of men and hoys are
still underground, Around the pit
mouth the scene is truly heartrending.
Hundreds of wives, inoihoi's and children stand weeping uml wailing ami
ceiiselesslv watching the efforts of lbe
rescuing parties who, recruited from
a host, of willing volunteers, descend
thein, surely it is a long time sine
Vernon city launched on a honeymoon
trip two more popular citizens, '
1 regret to have to chronicle another
accident   to   Mr.   Siren I field.    Your
readers will remember the accident of
last spring, when be wns kicked bv a
horse and hatl his leg broken,   Whilst
coming to church on Sunday morning
(20th hit.) the horse he was riding | hourly to wrestle with the obstacles
that keep thein from those who are
virtually burled alive. Twenty men
who were iu the lower workings, have
undoubtedly lieen drowned. The
greatest fears are enleituined that the
water, bv undermining the galleries,
will cause a cave-in of tne mine, which
should it take place, woi|li| ipeun sure
death to those below,
fell, breaking the same leg again. He
wns brought to the Coldstream hotel,
where Dr. Morris attended him and be
is doing as well as could be expected.
Mr. L. Girouard, who has been sick
for soine time, is somewhat worse today, and his condition is a source of
great anxiety to l|is many old time
friends,
ing v,i|i
iBtle wil
SHIP.* AND SHIPPING.
The use of steel for ship building will
begun iu 1870.
The mi dern French navy dales from the
reign nt Napoleon III,
Tlio screw ptopeller was introduced into
the. British nuyy in 1840.
Tlie heaviest anchors weigh aboul mv*
enty seven hundred weight.
Little Greece line a mercantile marine
employing 2(i.8U0 Bailors.
The greatest naval victory of modern
times was iron at. Trafalgar in 1805.
The greatest uiival action In Greek history wus linn at Siilmnie, B.C. 480.
Sea signals were invented nnd put In
operiit.on daring the reign of J.ones II.
At tlie present day al,uut ninety-six per
cent, of all vessels are built of steel,
Copper slieatliiug wns first used fnr vessels of die English navy about the year
1770.
The log was first used in navigation by
Pigabetta early in the siitoenth century.
The lirst naval expedition on record was
that of the ArgouauU, probably piralee
B. C. 12(13.
Tbe first sen fly-lit mentioned in history
wae between tho Coriutbiani aud (Joroy*
reane, B. C, 0(14.
The average consumption of coal is one
and oue-lnilf pounds per hour to each Indicated horsepower.
The average life of an American ship is
eighteen years; of mi English, twenty-six;
of a Scandinavian, thirty.
RELIGION AND REFORM.
VERNON NOTES.
(From our own correspondent.)
The municipal battle has been fought
and won, and peace once again reigns
supreme in our City. The light was
short, sharp and decisive. Tlie chief
event was the contest between Mr. J,
Martin and Mr. W. .1. Armstrong, for
Mayor. The chanpi's before election
seemed about even, bul once again the
ballot gave Mr. Martin n majority over
his opponent of 12 votes iu a total of
120 cast, whilst las) year llio tlluYreiu a
between Ihe siiine' two parlies was a
majority for Abulia of a, i,, ii mini
i if 80.
Mr. W.T. Shall,' il n id 'I -. Kih
Malice were Joined in boh mulriinoii)
by the Rev, Mr, Wood-till tlie Mel hud
1st church on Saiiiiila;,, I'.nii lust.
After the ceremony lbe couple lefl by
train for Halifax, N, 8., vln Sun Fran*
Cisco, The church was filled to over
flowing with friends anxious to witness
the ceremony, und judging from the
number uf people gathered at the station to witness their departure, and tin ■      , ,,    ,   ,i    ,      .,
quantity of rice wasted, and llle lavish : '"K8 mlJ"< ™l ,l"'"'1"' tl,l',"ll> mUmh
well wishes Ibal, were showered upoiiMug a large number of men,  150 ofj
News from London, lingliind, hearing dale January IS, gives nu account
oi-i leciilile disaster at the Dlglnkc
colliery, Aiulley, Norlli Staffordshire,
Engliind. Il was caused liy nn inrush
| nf water Into tbe mine from old work-
Jerusalem hits 135 places where liquor
is Sold, the license fees going to Constantinople.
There are more Eudeavorers In .tun-
tnilin than in England and the remarkable
growth is mutilated.
The number uf educational institutions
of tun- kind or another iu India is put
down iu Chambers' Cyclopedia (181)2) it
134,0.00,      .
The Congregntinnaliats of Massachusetts
have adapted a plan for bringing together
clinn.'lies without pastors und pastors witii'
out churches.
Dr. Wlslmrd, of tho Presbyterian mission in Pet-sin, has been invited to visit the
palace ut tlie shah, and to attend liis'wives
■ii their sickness,
The jiirgest family In the world li that
of the Klntf of Slain, Hie miijfsty has two
ofliciul wives, cichty-eiglit wives of minor
orde-. ntnl soveutyiwo children.
In Iii -nanny 89.000 families paid income
taxes on Incomes from £150 to £210 a
year; 82,400 paid on £210 to £480, and
10,800 paid mi iiieuuies almve £480.
Tlielinir hns a growth of its own apart
from dim which animates the human
body. This accounts (or tiie growth of
the hair in the dei-d long nfier interment.
One of tin* most Interesting spots iu the
Immediate vieiniiy „( Windsor C'nsile, (lie
summer ri-iiiili-noe of Queen Victoria, is the
celebrated '-(ii-nvryiird for Rn.iil Dng»."
Seasoned limber Is but little liahle lo
decay under ih,0 influence of a dry atmosphere, mn] Wil| resist deioiiiposiiiou fur au
indefinite period when kepi totally mil-
merged in water,
It is snid ilmt a man al Hemlng'i Cor,
tiers, Ti'iin,, shrinks once n month from
180 to 1 III pounds ami remains iu tlmt cull*
ditiun for n ivi-nk, after which he regions
his original ivciclit,
Abriiin Barton, of Bristol, England, hu
devised a am murine boat for which he
cliiims a speed of sixteen knots. It is
shark-shaped, nud is propelled hy twin
•crows located at whnl would be the («;..
of die fluke in the fish.
Dr, Siiiinlf, o[ Vienna, has applied photography I" tiie study of tlie ll ulli ml skin.
A bright light Is projected on (he purl of
(he «k:li io i,o exam ned, ami liy direol exposure ninny small details of die skin, including markings nol usually dinwriMble,
lire photographed,- '   1/ ,1 ■
p.'u :■'■ ., *-, „—.,
The empress ol Austria Iuu, lo give a
ivri!,ii'n»ciiei|it,for t|ll*sdltc jewels every
time she \veurs •.heni, and her majesty, a»»
rcittilt. Usually coiiients herself with her
|.n vnlo |-i.ljce| inn, which I.s worm }|,.HKJ,t»iO.
Princess .Minn! is an HSvetcrtitp punster.
Kilt] inherits luii love of i*uipa uiui cranks
from tier lather, the I'rlncc of Wales, who
.n-iii-ly loves a joke. Princess .Maud is more
ami her lather than, any of the Prince of
. wiles'child i-en,
ARPlhND THE CENTURY MARK.
Mrs, LoMTHaiily, of Churl stown, R.I.,
fese ("eii '.outlet d her HHtli y, ar. She is
u ,l»,,si,w ■/ n neynUitionmy Soulier,
Mrs. i.0,v t-Wlia, of littturln, f"i., ll
nver JIS] ware old, y«et it is reported she
'•ni walk live milts without ex'^riencing
ntlilsv tjiti.ue,
H"«ea Jlwwn of Wildermen, Ore., it
laid ut be tne only surv.vor of '.he wur ut
1812 on the i'ai-ijie la-iist who dfhWs a pen-
lion,   II-■ is 10J years old.
Israel D. Coiulit, of Miihurn, X J., who
!n s ji»-i cel'-aiviial his 92tid birthday, U
the only living charter member of the
Morris ,v K-sex railroad.
Mm;-an. I'ntirotiert, probably the oldest
living holder of a baton, recently cele-
hrau.il his SOih birthday. He is the pel of
hi' nuiit, Mine. Wilkinson, who It hale
and hearty in her 102d year.
Tli'iinai llnrmley, aged 104 years, was
klriiked duwu and had his shoulder broken liy a horse ear in N*w York recently,
Xotwiihstnud.tig his great na--, Mr. Conn-
Icy is said to he in snch splendid health,
taut he will reuorer from the nei-idelit.
Jaajuii lin no, of Nevada, Mo., who il
now iu his Onlh year, as a youth helped to
ili-lend the liolliel uf the Missouri lelllen
ngniiiit the raidi of Black Hawk's war-
ion. Ills family is related to that ,,(
Daniel Boone, nnd he owui an old flint-
look gnu which wu a favorite wilh the
frontiersman.
D.   fflcDUFF,
General Blacksmith,
MIDWAY, li. 0,
All Kinds of Work Executed to die Hntls
faction of ('us''liners.
MARTIN BROS.
UEADUIS WCBB FOJU
Hardware, Stove, lie-
ware, Paints, Oils
and Class,
Vevnon, 23. 0,
Vernon Private College,
VERNON, B. C,
F. Adrien Meyer, Principal,
skxii fob I'lio.si'i'-.r'ris.
LOOKOUT FOR BIRDIE.
Hard-billed birds u» Hum wbish lire
ou seeds.
Soft-billed birds do not lire on seeds,bul
on insects and prepared food.
Feed very little sweet ituffa, it spoils the
dicesiioii, and then the bird's health is
gone.
Hard-hilled birdi need littio for food
besides seed nud occasionally t bll of let-
nice, apple or celery.
Moulting cannot be called a disease since
it is a natural process of providing the bird
with new plumage.
A bir i should be given its bath, Iti food
nnd a clean cage at the same hour eaoh
any, and by the sniue person.
After a bird lakes his water bath hi
should linvi- a sun bath if there is > spot iu
die house where the sun Bhinei.
Cuttle lio|ie js nn important article of
diet for linrd-hilletl birds. There ll •
salty taste lo it which seems to bo a tonic
lor feathered bitaidi,
'flic health of all birth depends upon
three things, regularity III being fed and
given ils I nth. good food and absolute pro-
tendon from draughts.
CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS,
Alexander Muir,
ACCOUNTANT AND GENERAL AGENT
VERNON, B, C,
P. 0. Box, 91, Barnard Ave,
llnoks Posted, Audited ujid aSuuured Un,
Proper intention glvon to sinallor Qrmi,
Flic, t.ift'iinil Aeciileijt Insurance''licet wl,
-■♦--
' PROVINCIAL BUILDING & LOAN ASSOC.
(IncorpMnt-ud)
Of Toronto, Out.
I Ih opui) to I'1,1 ii Mono)' fur I he plifpoec uf buiM-
iny In alii) jh'ikiihI Vitiioii. No delay XfhofQ
Boourity ts good.    Apply to
ALEXANDER MUIR,.   ■
Seo.-Theas. and Aoe.it,
W, HENDERSON'S
STAGE   LINE
Tho "tlevll'i looking gW i« a uniootfc
«t"iif) (orit.iit|t)JJ uut) h uml red fact vide,
uinl rUlllg twu hundred fe-et out of the
Nii]ae)iiii-K>' river h» TtfiiueiMA
Tin? Hindoo god of mnrringe in repra-
Dented with i\ hum"!) hodjr aud ulephimi't
hwiil, f>eat"d nu 4 throne raiting on a circle
ul human skulls.
Thirty-five years ago Mrs. Milton Steven-
sou, of Georgetown, Ky., ran a pi^oe of
hi'.-keii glum* into her bund. La»t woek
tlio iihw \\w taken out at tlin elbow.
The Nr-w Jersey aoctety of Cincinnati
devotes tiie income of a fund of thirty
thousand dullurs fur the marking of placee
in that state' made historic by the war of
t'.ie revolution.
There is a wild flower tn Turkey that U
the exact image of a humming birJ, The
breast is green, the wingx are h depp rose
vn'.or, the throat yellow, the head and beak
. Imost black.
At the lunch given by the municipality
of Rome to tne physicians who attended
tlie recent international congress, six
thoiih&iid bottles and three hundred and
sixty ilaski ot wine were con Mimed.
THE GREAT ARTIST.
MIDWAY AND GRAND PRAIRIE
CARRYING
Mail, Freight. Express & Passengers.
Connects With E, D. Morrison's Stage
to Marcus,
Loaves Grand Prnirto Hotol Wednesday nnd
Saturday} loaves Midway Thursday and yum
day.
Loaves Mai-cits Mondays and Fridays for
Grand Prairie, and Grand Pratrlo Wodnesdayti
and Sahirdays for Midway. dcliWtllo
FOR SALE
TX Till-: IIKST I.lir.ll.ITY ON TOR VE!t
1   NON Townsitc. n tow aero inni luilf-ncro
lnia. either fnr nuimin*' ur gnrdonln{(.
Apply at this olllco or to
I'. AHItlAN MEYKIt,
VKli.vnx. ll.C
i<OR SALT
160 Acics ol Land. Aii Meadow.
Remhrnndt's real mime wm Ri'inhrandl
Hermauszoon. He was the ion of a miller.
Mlgunrd wai • doctor who abandoned
hie pill lioiei fur the palette and brushes,
Correnyio, in spile of Ihe <-rentness of
hi. Works, lived and died In almost pitifol
poverty.
l'.ili-inie win tbe first ureal battle-painter. He was a turlmlo.it character, and
more (linn onco waa ejpe'led hy (he au(h-
orities of Niiplea for paiti.ipating in ri-
vo.titioiiiiry iiiiiyt'iiieiiis.
Ciiniil'ilo'i Madonna, now in the Church
of S. Murla Novella In Florence, when
tinistieil, wns carried from hia bouse to the
ciiiireli in solemn precession, wilh bands
of intislo and great pomp.
Inline wns the greatest fruit, flower and
niilmnl painter uf the fifteenth century.
He gi,*- the same attention to botany and
K-j.-logy that Michael Angelo gare to anal-
tuny, ami with the same results.
HINTS FOR THE CUISINE.
B ww i.i:-;
iiii-i Drill
Kiiintij. One
cciilr Acroa Cleared
Ics [ruin I'nni'i .lie.
All young meats should bo well cooked,
Veal cutlets are improved by a toinolo
saiioe poured orertlieiu.
FI li and eggs are (he diet for milliner,
as nature plainly intimated when ibe pro*
vnleil mein In such plenty al tlili seiumn.
Pens a 1,'Aiiglalae.—Iloil tbe peai until
tender, and put tliem iulu a inuce'skii, ai-
lowing an I'liuue of butter to a pint of peai,
Set iiii tin* store, Kir geu'.ly (111 thoroughly
Inn, add a little ohopped parsley and Ihe
yolk o' one egc, ami serve,
Velvet Cnke.—One pound of flour, one
pound of sugar, half • pound of butter,
live egcB benlon le'iarately, then poured
logetliei a»d beaten again, half a lea-
si nhil of snda,   > teasp. onfiil of cream
of lunar| flavor with vanilla, wiuegliu of
wine or brandy,
MISSING LINKS-
The hinge hold Ave quarts of air,
England Iuu a tax on grnveatonei,
A heavy dew ii the precursor of rain,
Queen Anne invented newspaper duties,
A tl-sli of lightning et-nali 12,000 hone
power,
A single bait will beir > wilgtl of 1,190
grains.
Ill 1899 Chinese inhjtcu p«!d £4,000,-
000 taxes on laud,
Widow, actors
SEALED TENDERS
ENDORSED, " Tender, Gov't Uulldtnga
Midway, H.C" will he rocolvotl by Die
undersigned up to IS o'clock noon on the lut day
of February, 1895, for the uriiclion of u
Recorder's office and a lockup
at Midway, b. <*.
Raoh tender must he acconiiianleil hy an ac-
eppt-cd bank oboqUe for tm.m, made pnyablo
to the Hon, Chief Com minimi it of Unds and
Works. Such ohoquo will be returned to nib
successful competitor*, bul will be forfoltod by
any bidder who may decline 1.0 oxoouLo a eon.
tract if cftllod upon lo do BO, I'u the event nf t\
contract hying l»l. the choquo will bu reiunied
upon the contractor furnishing approved sccuri
lly, amounting to $i,onfi, fur the due complollou
of the work,
1'liuiH ami HpecllU'-nlioiiH um bosoQliand form
of tender obtained at Ihe following |l]ncos)
Government Ofltoo, dwyooai Go vor nine til
Ollleo, Itoek Crookl Adtaner" Oltlee, Midway; nnldonoo of Mr, H. li. Almond, .1, r.,
Kettle Itlvori and at Hie o|||rr of ihe midir
ilgnod,
The IowchI or iinj tender nol iiocwwirlly
accept od,
LKONAHD SOltma
Asst, (.'oinniMoner Lands and Wuvka
Vernon, H. f'.,
November l.Mh.lwU, Md
County Court Notice.
SlTTiKOSoftho.GminlyConri-ol inle «il|
lm Inililiiii iw folluivs I
At Ostiyooson Wislurstliij-, lnill April. 18D3|
At Midway on Sulunlny. Ulli  April, lk'Ai,
nt llle hour of eleven 0 clock In the fiirt-nouu.
lly (-iiinnuiuil
C. A. II, I.A.MIII.Y,
ii, e, c,
QOVKHMMEKT (IrPICB, 0«nvoc.\
Wrtl April INI, CORRESPONDENCE,
A Word of Warning,
To tlie Editor ol The Advance ;
Sin - From the columns of yours and
other papers [gather tbe fact that ever
anil unon some party, or parties, generally fnnn across the line, are making
their way into the Kootenay country
to look over gold, silver antl copper
properties, and without presumption
as iniicli may lie claimed for this section, for seldom tines a week pass without one or more strangers lieing found
in our initlst, either directly or indirectly representing capital, May I he
allowed, therefore, through your paper,
without being considered one who
wishes to meddle in other people's
liusiness, to sound a mile of warning
(to those who, like myself, have large
illtorests nl. slake) ou one very important quoiitlon affecting Ihe immediate prosperity of the mining interests
in I his seel inn, nnil thai is on the matter of giving to Irresponsible middle
ineii options or bonds, thereby lying
up, us tens done ihe past summer,
suine of our most valuable properties,
antl In- such means keeping them out
nf the hands of other Investors, who
were ou several occasions willing anil
able In piirchasi'llieni for cash from
the owners themselves, As Ihe general feeling among mining men seems
In he tlml. this presenl yenr of 1KI.1 will
witness vast strides in the mining In-
teiosts generally, let nothing be done
that shall retard tho utmost advancement hi this section in particular, and
(hen, if such a policy he carried out as
J would suggest, viz., straight dealing
between owner and capital, I will dare
to prophesy that before the close of
the year such substantial progress
shall have been made as shall he worth
chronicling, and the fame of the mines
of this section shall spread even to the
<*n«ls of the earth. (1. S. 0.
Boundary Greek, Jan. 10,181)5.
 » .4      	
(liiAXli Piiairiis BniniiK.
To Iho I'dHor of Tun AovANcic;
Sin In your last week's issue a letter appeared signed R. A. (i., in which
the building of the bridgo at Ingram's
was touched upon. May I be allowed
tu couple wilh R. A. ti.'s request that
the Government get a move on, not
only on the work which is of so much
Importance to the people ou Boundary
creek, hut also llie bridge that crosses
the Kettle river here. The sound of
hammer and saw is the only true
panacea to tlie fears that at present
haunt the people Unit this summer luis
in store the same danger and inconvenience in crossing this river liy the
ford as has been suffered iu the past
by llieni and your obedient servant.
Isolation,
Kettle River, Jan. 23,1805.
—-—•-♦-.-——
AMENDMENT  TO  CATTLE  ACT.
The following amendment has been
made to the Cattle Act this session:
" The officer of any district who is
or shall be authorized to record brands
for branding cattle, and marks for
marking cattle, shall not record marks
which shall mean or consist of the
cutting off of both ears of the animal.
Any such marks recorded prior to the
passing of this Act, shall be cancelled
by the recording officer, who shall
within thirty days after tlie passing of
this Act give notice in writing of such
cancellation, mailed under registered
cover and addressed to the person who
recorded such mark tn his lust known
place of liusiness. Such notice shall
be deemed to have been received by
such person at tlie expiration of ten
days from the date of its having been
so mailed.
"Every person, the recording of
whose mark is so cancelled, shall
within ninety days after the receipt of
such notice, send tu the Government
Agent of the district iu which lie resides a transcript of the marks be
wishes to register in lieu of the ones
cancelled us aforesaid,
"Every person contravening this
provision shall be liable, for each
offence, to punishment us set nut in
section IU of tlie " Cattle Act."
 1*-.>-4	
SAHCASM   AND   1'ltOPIIESY,
As the years went by it came to pass
that oue Tempter, who had long dwell
on the Kettle river, ttitink iitiiingets
Into the mountains that thero abound,
anil addressed them thus;
"Behold In these iniiiintiiins lie the
riiusoins of a million kings. This I
give unto you, each man his portion
according to his capacity, nnd all I ask
of you is that ye shake not Ihe dust of
this soil from off ynu- feet, when ynu
have gol Ion your pile, in indecent
haste, but remember ye of the freedom
of your gain, and keep l.hyselves In -
hidden tu roi urn some measure of good
for what ye have profiled, thereby
eschewing the error of returning evil
lo the country that has given thee of]
her bounty. Barken ye unto thesu
precepts, and see Hint ye spoil not thy
cousin of Ills birthright. Let not
thy greed be likened unto lbe
whetted appetite of the famished
wolf, tlmt hunteth and sluyetii
his quarry far from his layer, and ro.
liiriielli thereto as quickly as his
hunger is uppoasetl, but rather let It he
like unto the iliuueslie ox Hint ealcth
Ills lill andlieth down where itsoeat-i
Dili, So shall thy days he happy in a
land of wealth, though civilization
lunvl around its outskirts.   Having
thus spoken hn turned him to a stained
and mountain-dew besprinkled tinier.
Why, pard, how so long a face? hast
thou not even struck the ransom of a
prince? Perchance thy knees have
caught the ague and thy feet refuse
the intiiuitain steep, or, uiuyhup some
spirit of reform hath kept thy feet
cloyed on the trail? Nay, cheer up,
sunny; perhaps thy perspective
qualities need but a little more exercise, and thy pick a trifle less rust.
Sleep over what I've said, and you'll
find it'll come all right."
" What's that you remarked about
my prospecting qualities? I'd have
you to know, Mr, Tempter, that 1
don't turn ray buck op any man ns far
as prospect in}' goes; and what's more,
1 can tell what's In a prospect just as
soon as I chip my eyes on it—whether
ils a hole in the rock or a bottle of
whiskey—so you need not come here
teaching your grandmother how to
use darning needles | ami as for being
down on my luck, that's maybe my
fault, and maybe not, hul anyway, its
nobody olsus business, and as long as 1
can keep sole and uppers together
I ask no otitis of any man I Maybe
yon don't know that times are haul
enough just, now to pinch out the best
lead?"
"Times are hard, I admit, but the
prospects of the future teach the nb-
servimt mind that all is yel before you,
and Ihal what has passed hitherto is
bul ns the first grain of sand In the industrial mountain that is so very
slowly, yet just so surely rising up
amongst you, and the present Inactivity is hut us the calm before the storm,
tu- tlm transient cloud thai temporarily
obscures the sun.
WlQOINS,
 ► •■<  ,
NO OPPOSITION  TO   run HILL.
The general expression of Ihe people
uf Nelson in regard lo Hie Red Mountain Charter Extension Bill i.s that the
Bill should pass, although they would
prefer to see a road built down Trail
creek and connection made with the
Nelson tic Fort Sheppard at Waneta.
No one here is opposed to the building
of the road, even if il has to be built tin
tile Sheep creek route, The people of
Nelson know that the country will
never have its full measure of prosperity unless it is given competitive
transportation routes. The men who
would deprive Trail Creek district of a
competitive railway use. precisely the
same arguments as were used in 1801
and 18112 against the passage of any
hill chartering a railway that would
give us an tail let to the south. Without au oul let to tlie south, iu what
position would Southern Kootenay be
to-day? Instead of our mine owners
and merchants having the best freight
rates of tiny mining country ou thu
Pacific coast, they would lie at the
mercy of the Canadian Pacific, and
when the Canadian Pacific has the
cinch it uses It, The people in South-
en) Kootenay arc not antagonistic to
the Canadian Pacilic, but they do not
want to be in its power.—Tribune,
It is now an open seeiet that the
Canadian Pacific, or an interest friendly to the Cuuuiliun Pacilic, is looking
about fin- a smelter site. One element,
is pulling for Nakusp, because of the
unsold town lots nt that place. Another element favors locating the smelter at one of the falls on Kootenay
river below Nelson. If the smelter is
built nu Kootenay river not n pound of
ore from a mine in South Kootenay
will be shipped to a smelter on the
American side, If built at Nakusp,
the ore from Trail Creek and Nelson
districts is more likely to go to Amen
can smelters than anywhere else-
Witli a smelter on Kootenay river and
one ou Kootenay lake, mine owners
would not he cinched.—Tribune.
J. W. Ii^EED,
WATCHMAKER and JEWELLER
MIDWAY, B. C,
Fine Watch Repairing a Specialty.
All Work IVni-rintteil.     o3-2ln
P, B, JACQUES,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry.
Spectacles and
Silverware.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
VERNON, B. 0.
H. C. COOPER
MANUFACTURER OF
Harness and Saddlery
VERNON, 1!, 0,
G-OXN-G-  SOX7TH
will leave Penticton 7 a, m. every Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday, arriving at Fairview 1 p. m., and Oro, Washington,
the same evening.
will leave Oro, Washington, 7 a. m„ Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays, reaching Fairview at 11 a. m., connecting with
SS. Aberdeen and S, & 0. and C. P. Railways.
Aaron Johnson, Prop.
COLDSTREAM
HOTEL
VERNON, B.C.
OPPOSITE TO RAILWAY DEPOT.
H.   O.   MVLLBB,  Froprlatox*.
BEST OF WINES, LIQUORS Al CIGARS.
GOOD STABLING.
Terms - From - $1.00 - per - Day - Upwards.
Okanagan Saw Mill
Kelowna, B. C.
A Large Stock of All Kinds of Rough and Dressed Lumber,
of Superior Quality, Thoroughly Seasoned, Constantly on Hand.
BUI  Sfcxxil' a. Specialty.
Onlera   Promptly   Filled.
Lath, Shingles, Sash and Doors.
Goods  Delivered at Okanagan Falls at Reasonable   Rates,
LEON LEQUIME, Proprietor. ly
f| WtaliSlo ■IlfeMMffci.jfi «|i gjl «£ <*! 1 ''ll' i,
wmm
Tlio    Future
Wjffmm k\\\\\\\a\\\\\Wimka^mVMl^kWlt^m\Wm
I Railway, Mining and Agricultural
Centre of the Kettle River
Country.
*
*   *
MIDWAY
iiinn-Sffiiiip
I   Lots on Easy Terms to Actual
Residents.
FOR PARTICULARS APPLY TO
MIDWAY B. C.
#
;il!*:;:;i3HieSffl3m«W!»ffii
The Tm Livery      5
g    Feed and Sale
Having taken over tlie stallion nf Gallagher & Stevenson, and thoroughly over
hauled and refitted the premises, I um prepared to meet the demands
of the puhlic,  1 have on hand a complete stock of new rigs,
(double and single) for public use, and also n good lot
of well broken carriage and saddle horses,
Tourists desiring to see the country would do well to call,
Good Single Drivers,      Good Boiie Drivers,
Ladies' gentle double and single drivers and saddle horses.
Horses boarded by the week or month (box stalls if desired).
Horses broken to harness, nnd horses nnd cattle sold on commission,
Denier in hay and grain, wholesale und retail.
Cornev Of nll-Mlon and Trounon Btreots
Ounii&lte \V. It. Mcgiiw'e Store.
Post Olllee 110X137
W. GARDNER, Phohuetoi,
JfOTHi—Tliifl stable will lie run strictly flrstXJlasH in every partioulnr. My drivers are all free
uinl gentle disposition, nml tlie nioaf durable stuck llie market can produce. Special attention
tn transient trade and to boarders,
Vi AH kinds of heavy teaming promptly attended to.
W.J.ARMSTRONG
TB1WON, S.O. jft O. Bl»r,iaT.
HARDWARE, TIN Al STOVEMAN.
Stoves, Ranges and Heaters of all Kinds
Agricultural Machinery.
.I"'
4)
u
ti
is
HI
'3
ti
u
0
8"
U
Rifles and Shot Guns.
Force and Lift Pumps.   Iron   Piping.
General JototoixLg: Slxop* lxx
All Its Branches.
W. J. ARMSTRONG.
KELOWNA
•
*
•
•
#
The GARDEN TOWN of B. 0,, and the natural
Shipping and Distributing point for the famous
This new town affords the best and safest investments to be found in British Columbia,
Oka,xxa,£paiXi. "Valley.
Town Lots
The smallest size being 60x120 feet
with 100 feet avenues and 20 feet
lanes. Acre blocks from 5 Acres upwards.
"FOB PMCES" APPLY TO
DONALD & SUTHERLAND,
ly AGENTS, KELOWNA
A. G. FULLER
Barnard Avenue,       Vernon, B. C.
INGRAM & BUBER
General Teamsters and Freighters,.
ROCK CREEK,  B.  C.
Rates from Penticton to Gamp McKinney, Bock Creek, Midway and
Boundary Falls, two cents per pound for two Urns or under, Marcus lo Midway, the same rate.   Marcus to Grand Prairie one cent per pound.
Special Rates for Large Orders and Ore Contracts.
BOUNDARY HOTEL
MIDWAY, KETTLE RIVER.
First Class Accommodation,   Good Stabling,  Terminus of Stage Line
from Marcus, Washington,
McAULEY & LUNDY, Proprietors.
Golden Gate Hotel.
FAIRVIEW, B. C.
THOMAS ELLIOT, Proprietor.
GOOD ACCOMMODATION - - GOOD STABLING
Stopping Place for Stages to Penticton and Oro, Wash.
It-A-HOL'S   HORN   HOTEL.
LUMBY, B. C,
First-Class Accommodation for Guests. Good Hunting and Fishing
Stages to Vernon and Blue Springs,
Iionis XKEox*a,zi.d, Prop.
Midway Livery, Feed and Sale Stables.
GOOD DOUBLE AND SINGLE DRIVING HORSES.
Rigs tu Rock Creek, Penticton, Grand Prairie, Marcus and all other points In
tlie Country,   Parties desirous of seeing the mines should
Give us a Call.
Heavy Teaming Promptly Attended To.
RILEY  <t  DONALD'S
Agricultural  Machinery  Kept in Stock.
CONKLE & DONALD,
MIDWAY, B. G.
GENOWAYS & McAVINEY
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in and Growers of.
CHOICE NURSERY STOCK.
AU Stock Grown Without Irrigation.
All Trees Inspected Before Leaving the Nursery
SPOKANE   FALLS,
P. O. Box 582. Washington;

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