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Herald Feb 14, 1931

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 0
A little paper
with all the
f news and a big
circulation
THE HERALD
Published in the interests of Alice Arm and Anyox, B. C.
" V" !•*•■ T—'
$2.50 a Year
Alice Arm and
Anyox. $2./5 to
all other points.
VOL. 10,   NO.   35
Alice Abm, B. O, Saturday, February 14, 1931
5 cents each.
Large Number Attend
Instructive Mining
i;
7
The lectures conducted at Alice
Arm during the week by Dr. W
V. Smitheringale on behalf of the
Provincial Department of Mines
were well attended by prospectors
and others interested in mining.
Meetings wore held during every
afternoon and evening at T. W.
Falooner's hall, and the spjaker
imparted a mass of useful information to his eager listeners. Audiences of over thirty were quite
frequent during the evening lectures.
. In addition to the regular lectures,
Dr. Smitheringale at the conclusion
of eaoh one invited anyone present
to ask any question on which he
needed enlightment. Many ques
tions were asked and much valuable information was obtained not
-only by the questioners, but the
whole audience.
In explaining his points and also
in answering questions the speak
er, in using a technicality, explained it fully. He also drew many
diagrams to further illustrate his
points. Samples of different ores
were also shown and explained to
the audience, especially at the
afternoon meetings, when, as the
speaker explained, the daylight
was much more preferable than
the evening artificial light.
The first meeting was held on
Monday evening. 0. Evindson.
President of Alice Arm branch
B. C. Chamber of Mines occupied
the chair, and he -explained the
reason of Dr. Smith?riugale's visit.
Dr. Smitheringale commenced
his lecture hy taking his audience
baok to the beginning of the earth
when it was a molten mass. He
explained that the earth's outer
crust was relatively thin, being
only about 45 miles thick. Two
more zones were formed inside the
outer orust. The inner core was
molten and was composed principally of iron and nickel, as these
metals being heaviest naturally
gravitated to the centre.
Of the outer crust, Dr. Smitheringale stated that only 1.4 per
cent, is composed of ore bearing
rook. Igneous rooks were the first
formed and sedimentary rook form
ed on their surfaoe at later periods.
The speaker then traced the origin
of sedimentary rooks and showed
how these were classified by the
fossils found in various stratas.
This leoture he explained was a
prelude to those to follow.
Tuesday's leoture dealt chiefly
with the erosion of the world's
crust by the various elements. One
of the chief processes in nature
Dr. Smitheringale said, is that of
erosion and this is also of import
anoe, direotly or indirectly, when
the subject of ore deposits is con-
Continued on Page 4
The Mine Club Farewell
Dance Brilliant
Affair
The Mine Club, which has been
iu existenoe for a number of years
passed out in a blaze .of glory on
Friday, February 6th, when a
large crowd assembled at the Mine
Hall, to take part in the farewell
celebrations arranged by the members of the now defunct Mine Club.
The Hall was gaily decorated and
the floor was perfeot for the dancing of the largest assembly of
partners seen at a dance at the
Mine. Nearly fifty dancers made
the trip from the Beach to join in
the gay festivities. Harry Ward's
Orohestra playing efficiently and
the Rosemary String Orchestra
obliged with some well played
items while the regular jazz band
sampled the swell supper. The
Rosemary Orchestra delighted the
crowd with two numbers "Little
White Lies" and "Sing Something
Simple." .
Buffet Supper was served under
the able direction of Ed. Blundell.
While George Dyer and assistants
dispensed other refreshments to the
happy throng.
Tw Committee-in oharge consisted of E. Blundell, G. Dyer, Ray
Roberts, R. Shewan T. Sanderson
and Stan. Mcintosh
The occasion was a very fitting
end to the successful Mine Club
whioh is now absorbed by the Mine
Branch of the Anyox Community
League.
Pats and Micos Win At
Basketball
On Thursday, February 5th.
two games of basketball were
played. The Pats won by nine
clear points from the Cadets and
by good defensive work prevented
the new team from scoring The
winners' points came from K.
Bve-5, Mrs. MoRostie-2, Calder-
oni-2.
Another senior men's game was
spoiled by the attitude of some
of the spectators, with two referees
it is apparently hard to satisfy
some of these fans who are probably laoking in the knowledge of
the rules and how to "play the
game." It would be better for the
players if these fans were to refrain
from giving air to personal re
marks to the men who handle the
games.
The players didn't appreciate the
interference of the culprit fans as
it spoiled the game and resulted
in the Micos leaving the floor in
protest. Up to this point the
game was very strongly contested.
Th* score was in favor of the
Micos at the abrupt ending, and
the Celts were one point behind.
The soores being Mioos 15—Bass
6, Anderson 2, Dwyer 5, Deeth-2.
Celts 14—Steele 9, Calderoni-4,
McDonald-1, Davis 1.
LO.D.E. Elect Officers
For Coining Year
The members of the I.O.D.E.
assembled in the Legion Club room
on Monday, February 2, for the
purpose of holding their annual
meeting and to elect officers. Regent Mrs. J. W. Lang occupying
the chair
The following officers were elected:. Honorary Regent, Mrs. Brayfield; Regent, Mrs. C. 0. Fricker;
1st. Vice-Regent, Mrs. Learoyd;
2nd. Vice-Regent, Mrs. Eve; Secretary, Mrs. McRae; Treasurer,
Mrs. C. Cundill; Educational Secretary, Mrs. Wynne; Echoes' Secretary, Mrs. Cody; Standard Bearer,
Mrs. J. Smith; Councillors, Mesdames Roy, Barclay and Cloke.
A vote of thanks was tendered
the retiring officers. Special mention being made of the excellent
services of the retiring Regent,
Mrs. J. W. Lang, to the local
Chapter during the four years since
its inception. During this time the
membership increased from 15 to
56.
During the past year ten regular,
three special and' four Executive
meetings were held, and the average
attendance at th$regular meetings
was 27; *f?P
Donations have been sent to
various organizations including the
Shaughnessy and Anyox General
Hospitals, and G.W.V.A. and Province Fund.
High School books were presented to the winner of the Governor-General's medal, and libraries
have been given to several schools
in need of them.
The Chapter is greatly indebted
to the Canadian Legion for the use
of their pleasant club room.
Hostesses forthe Annual Meeting
were Mesdames F. T. Larson, D.
Macleod, G. S. MacDonald and A.
R. Kent.
F. E. Patton, who for many
years was on the engineering staff
at the Hidden Creek mine, left on
Monday, for Portland, Oregon.
Mr. Patton has been a resident of
Anyox since early days of tlie camp
and his many friends wish him the
beat of good luck iu his future
endeavors.
Sunrise Cabaret
GYMNASIUM
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 16th.
Thi$ it one night of tho ytar you
cannot afford to stay home
A night of Dancing, Singing and
Vaudeville
The evening'i  enjoyment   commences at 9 p.m.  Will you please
be there at that hour
Afcuuiog:   Per Couple $1.50,  Gent
only $1.00, Extra Ui, 50c.
Adaiuion   Fee  includes  Supper,
Dancing and Entertainment
Large  Number   Enjoy
Concert At Mine
_HaU^
A large and appreciative audience greeted the efforts of the
Anyox Amateur Orchestra last Sunday evening, when a concert was
given at the Mine Hall. This was
perhaps one of the best programmes
ever presented by the orchestra,
and reflected great credit on Mr.
Stuart Steele, the director, for his
untiring energy in the cause of orchestral music for the people of
Anyox.
The programme was fully varied,
consisting of marches, light concert
numbers, massive overtures, such
as "Morning, Noon and Night in
Vienna," favorite national airs, etc.
Each number was given with good
expression and careful attention to
detail, and the evening's performance marked a decided advance in
the individual as well as collective
ability of the performers.
In the selection, "Gems of the
Ould Sod," there are some very
pleasing passages for the trombone
and cornet soloists, who acquitted
themselves well. "Southern Miniatures" offered nice variety, especially a "Recruits' Patrol," and an
old time "Colonel's Party," also a
pleasing love theme "The Love of
Caroline." "Light Cavalry was
well received, and the audience was
delighted with the descriptive
piece VUncle Remus tells a Story,"
the same being apropos of scared
niggers on a sugar plantation. Mr.
Buntain, an old resident of Anyox,
who has just returned to camp,
jumped into popularity with his
banjo solos, and Walter Stenton, a
member of the orchestra, sang with'
fine feeling and expression, "The
Bell at Sea," receiving a well earned
encore, to which he responded with
"The Sunshine of your Smile."
We predict that the next concert
will be eagerly awaited and will be
well worth attending.
Midnight Prowler Arouses
Bank Staff
An amateur bank robber" made
an unsuccessful attempt to appropriate the wealth of the Anyox
Branch of the Canadian Bank of
Commerce on Monday morning at
the hour of 3 a.m. His amateur
efforts aroused the staff and he fled
from the scene. Later iu the day
Antonio Perez, a Spaniard was
arrested by Constable S. Service in
connection with the affair. Ac
cused has been remanded for 8
days.
The robber evidently believed in
direct methods as the quickest way
to acquire a fortune, for he smashed
a window, in order to gain admission, but the noise of his mode of
entrance spelled his ruin for the
staff were ready to receive their
unwelcome guest.
Opening Session Mock
Parliament Draws
Big Crowd
The Government and Opposition
benches were almost filled at the
opening of the Mock Parliament
which took place in the Recreation
Hall, Thursday, February 5th. and
the public gallery was crowded
with people of both sexes and all
ages. There were, however, sev
eral Ministers absent from the
Government side of the house.
The Speaker, Mr. R. E. Collis,
entered the house with all due
seriousness preceded by the acting
Sergeant-at-Arms, Mr. Joseph An
deraon. Passing the guard of honor of local Boy Soouts the Governor-General occupied the speaker's
chair aud delivered an eloquent
speech from the throne and declared the Parliament officially open.
The speech included a review of
the past year and its effect on
Canada, and the strong position of
Canadian banking institutions.
The measures to be brought in by
the Government were outlined,
these covering relief for unemployment by adjustment nf working
hours, creation of new industries
aud stabilization of present industries. Agriculture was dealt with
and many factors in the marketing
of wheat will be debated during
the coming session. Hydro-power
development, mining, prospecting
and tariffs are also down for discussion.
To give all the details of what
will be brought before the house
would be 'giving the show" away,
so those interested in the Parlia
ment should go along and hear for
themselves at the next session.
Members for the fictitious eon-
stituences of Mine, Strawboss,
Hill Street, Smelter Hill, Round
House and Coke Plant took the
floor on several occasions during
the debate ou the speech from the
throne, and there were several interesting and amusing passages
throughout the evening. Some of
the speakers were oalled to order
ou several occasions, but there is
no doubt as the meeting progress
the members will improve with
knowledge of parliamentary procedure, and the debates will then
be more interesting.
The speech was duly passed,
whereupon the house adjourned till
Thursday, February 19 at 7.30 p.m.
Undoubtedly the Mock Parliament will be followed with interest
and everybody is invited to attend
the debates whioh have decidedly
educational, as well as recreational
advantages.
H. F. Kergin, M. L. A. left -on
Wednesday for Victoria, where he
will attend the present session of
the Legislature which met on
Wednesday. It is expected that
the Legislature will prorogue before the Easter holidays.
% ALICE  ARM   AND  ANYOX   HERALD.   Saturday, February 14,  1931
Alice Arm & Anyox Herald
Issued every Saturday at Alice Arm
Alice Arm and Anyox $2.50 Yearly
Other Parts of Canada, $2.75
British Isles and United States, $8,00
Notices for Grown Grants - - $15.00
Land Notices - - - - 816.00
Transient Advertising, 50c. per inch
Contract Rates on Application.
E. MOSS, Editor and Publisher.
A lot of words have been spill
ed in the past in regard to giving
assistance to prospectors, to enabl
them to successfully conduct their
search for new mineral deposits
and to carry out their limited
amount of development work to
the best advantage. It has, however, remained for the Hon. W
A. McKenzie, Minister of Mines
to impart first hand information to
the prospector, without any expense whatsoever to the latter
Commencing last year, the Department of Mines engaged the services of Dr. W. V. Smitheringale
and instructed him to visit severa
mining centres throughout the
province; address meetings of
prospectors and others, and impart to them all the necessary
information that would assist them
in their work. In view of the success attained, it was decided to
enlarge the scope this year and
include some of the smaller mining
camps. Commencing on Monday,
Dr. Smitheringale delivered a series
of lectures at Alice Arm. These
lectures were extremely well
attended and the prospectors of
the district and those interested in
mining have gained knowledge of
incalculable value. Questions that
have puzzled prospectors for years
have been carefully explained and
those engaged in the search for
metals have gained more knowledge during the past week than
could otherwise have been gained
in years. It is hoped that the experiment of visiting small mining
camps, inaugurated this year, will
prove successful and that the Department of Mines will continue
the good work of sending us a
lecturer each winter.
Canadian business during 1930
averaged about the level of 1927
and was not far short of 1928, says
the Financial Post. It forecasts a
quiet first quarter in 1931 and a
gradual crescendo of business
throughout the remainder of the
year.
Parliament Will Discuss
Many Weighty
Questions
Ottawa, January 7; (Special to
the Herald). Thursday, March 5
has been tentatively lixed by the
Government for the opening of
what is expected to be one of the
most important sessions in the
history of Parliament. There is a
possibility that delay of a week
may be occasioned by inability to
get the legislative program in
shape, but this is not considered
likely.
The program is now well determined but in many instances the
details of its application remain to
be worked out. The most laborious
task is preparation of customs
schedules in conformity with the
Prime Minister's promise of complete tariff revision. Exhaustive
study of every branch of every
industry is a necessary forerunner
of action for the pledge is that
there must be no exploitation of the
consumer under the guise of essential protection.
In applying safeguards under
this pledge the Government has at
work a staff of statisticians at
Ottawa, with representatives
throughout the country, checking
and rechecking wholesale and retail prices before and since the
tariff revision of last session.
Thus far only two intances have
been disclosed in which industries
appeared to be taking advantage of
the tariff to boost prices and in
these two the protection was withdrawn. *
There is a concerted effort on
behalf of manufacturers to secure
new increases on perhaps half of
the 1,200 items of the tariff.
Everyone of these has to be subjected to a careful study. At the
same time it is recognized that unorganized producers of goods in
other schedules really are as much
if not more in need of assistance
than are the organized forces. It
is the duty of the Government to
watch their interests if there is be a
balanced readjustment of tariffs.
Staffs are also working in preparation for the adjourned Imperial
Conference which will meet in
Ottawa, probably next fall. Incidentally, Premier Scullin's announcement on his return to Australia that
closer Imperial economic unity is
assuredly coming finds enthusiastic
endorsatipn among Mr. Bennett's
colleagues. The latter insist that
the McDonald   Government's sug
gested quota purchasing for wheat
was not rejected, that it could not
be reduced to a workable formula in
time for the London Conference,
but is likely to be presented  in  de
tail at Ottawa.
We are told that certain musical
notes prevent sleep. So also do
promissory notes.
e
GENERAL OUTFITTERS
We carry at all times a Full Line of First Class
Groceries;    also Heavy and  Shelf .Hardware.
Clothes,   Boots,   Shoes   and   Rubbers   of   all
descriptions.   A large stock to choose from
T.   W.   FALCONER Alice An,
GENERAL MERCHANT
-J
PRINTING
THE LUBRICANT OF THE
: WHEELS OF  INDUSTRY :
The Herald Job Printing Department is
equipped to handle any class of work
:   :   ;  Promptly and Efficiently  ;   :   :
Posters
Billheads
Letterheads
Office Forms
Business Cards
Admission Tickets
Booklets
Envelopes
Programmes
Visiting Cards
Invitation Cards
and Announcements
Are among the many forms of Printing
handled by the Herald Office
Daring the past ten years the Herald
Printing  has won an enviable  record
OUR  MOTTO:
PROMPTITUDE,  FIRST-CLASS WORK
AND A  FAIR PRICE
Anyox Community
League
The Council of the League
meets on the Second and
Fourth Wednesday of each
month, in Recreation Hall,
at 7 p.m.
Al. Falconer
Alice Arm
Baggage, Freighting, Pack
and Saddle Horiei
COAL & FINISHED LUMBER
Slab Wood Cut any Length
Every Order Given
Immediate Attention
E.  MOSS
Agent for Alice Arm Mining
and Development Co.
New Championship Golf Course
George S. Lyon, Canada's Granc
Old Man of Golf, split the fair
way with the first ball driven from
No. 1 tee of the Royal York Golf
course recently when this new
championship course, built by the
Canadian Pacific Railway for the
benefit of guests of Canada's
premier hotel, was formally opened
sin the presence of Their Excellencies Lord and Lady Willingdon.
This 18-hole course, claimed by players to be
one of the best on the continent, has a par of
72 with a length of 6,510 yards. All Toronto golf
clubs were represented at the opening and prominent golfers of the Dominion came together here for
the occasion. This course has been selected as the
scene of the annual interprovincial team match on
August 2, and many tournaments in connection with
conventions, including the monster one of the Shriners, will be staged there. Lay-out shows the $100,000
Club-house of the course with a view of the Royal
York Hotel.
BUILDING LOTS
ALICE ARM
Business Lots from $200 to
$500
Residential Lots from $50
to $300
H
Ul ALICE   ARM. AND   ANYOX   HERALD.   Saturday, February 14, 1931
If
"Manslaughter" Is An
Appealing Play.
Tuesday
Since its first appearance in 1922,
Alice Duer Miller's best-seller novel
"Manslaughter," has become an
American classic. Now it has been
made into a thrilling, all-talking
melodrama, with Claudette Colbert
and Fredric March in the leading
roles. "Manslaughter" will feature
the Anyox Theatre program, Tuesday, February 17.
Modern, up-to-date, "Manslaughter" is an introduction to the
careless, carefree life of the wealthy;
their gay parties, their nerve-tingling sports, their light, laughing
love affairs. But it is also a grim
melodrama that shows how a
beautiful daughter of wealth he-
comes a conscious woman by
means of a great tragedy and a
powerful love.
Miss Colbert, as the petted
society beauty, falls in love with
Fredric March, young, handsome,
ambitious district attorney, and
attempts to twist him around her
finger just as she has done dozens
of other suitors. March is of
different stamp, however, and remonstrates with her against her
thoughtless, selfish life. Arrested
for speeding she bribes a traffic
policeman. March tries to tell her
that she is contributing to the ruin
of the man by such action. She
laughs at him.
H
ere an
d TI
iere
(696)
Atlantic coast lobster fishermen
fared well in 1930 in catch but
not so well in prices. Nova Scotia
fishermen landed a record catch of
630,000 pounds, of which 126,800
pounds were shipped in shell whilo
2,024 cases of canned lobster were
packed.
Boxing on snowshoes will be one
of tho novelties at the Banff Winter Carnival opening February 7,
marking another point in ihe great
battle for popularity honors t>o-
tween snowshoen and skieis.
George Sutherland, All.:rta flyweight champion 1926 will be in
charge of the bouts.'
Roaring down from Edmonton
through the Bow [liver Gap through
which 60 years ago the first C.P.R.
survey party made its laborious
passage, airplanes bearing aquatic
stars will steer for Banff where
their passengers will take part in
the open-air swimming and diving
events, unique in winter sports, in
.the hot springs al the Banff Winter Carnival on February 9.
Toronto and Ontario recently
honored their Grand Old Man of
railroading, William Fulton, assistant general passenger agent for the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Toronto, who had completed 40 years'
service with the company. He
was guest of honor al the Royal
York Hotel at a banquet given in
his honor by his fellow-officers of
the company to celebrate the occasion.
Letters pour Into the radio department of the Canadian Pacific
Railway dally In connection with
the "Melody Mike' feature every
Monday night. One lady, writing
from Vulcan, Alta., says in part : —
"There were six in my house listening to the broadcast and I know of
at least a dozen other radios that
were tuned In. . . I am writ
ing to say how much we enjoyed
your broadcast"
Postal history repeated Itself
February 2, when an air mall service between Winnipeg and Pembina. North Dakota, on the International boundary, was put Into
effect by the Canadian Postal Department. Pembina was linked up
with Winnipeg, then Fort Garry, In
1867 through tbe United States mall
service. The prairie airmail postal
service will be extended by the Federal Government in the near future.
STBAMEjp SOUTH
CTrrisiocrah
Transporfah
s
20ft
sf^ ANADI AN National offers
7^ many luxuries and comforts which add pleasure to
your trip South hy Steamer
or Ennt hy Train.
S.S. "Prince George" or S.S.
"Prince Rupert" leave Anyox
(or Prince Rupert and Vancouver via Stewart, Wednesday at midnight.
Kcguliir services to North
and South Queen Charlotte
Islands. Particulars of sailings, rules, etc., on request.
Passenger trains leave Prince
Rupert for Edmonton, Winnipeg and points East every
Monday, Wednesday and
Saturday at 11.30 a.m.
Canadian
national
11. F. McNAUGIITON
District Passenger Agent
Prince Rupert
W-148A
For Information call or write Local
Agent, or write R. F. McNaughton,
General  Passenger Agent, Prince
Rupert, B. C.
W-1S3
Advertise in the Herald
International Committee
Formed For Road
Formation of an international
committee representing Canada, the
United States and British Columbia
to consider the whole Alaska road
project was announced last week
by Premier S. F. Tolmie. • It will
consist of the United States and
three of Canada as follows:
Canada: J. M. Wardle of Banff,
Alta., James McNeill of Dawson,
Y. T., George P. Napier of Victoria, B. C.
United States: Herbert Rice, Detroit, Mich., Ernest Sawyer, Washington, D. C, Major Malcolm
Elliott, United States Engineer
Corps.
The Committee will be a factfinding body and will start its
investigations as soon as weather
permits.
Bob Martin To Return
North Shortly
Bob Martin, was was lost in the
wilds of the Laird River country
with the Burke plane for 61 days is
going back again as soon as possible. Gold is the lure of the
return trip. It appears that Oscar
Anderson, a 55-year old fur trader
discovered gold there about 28
years ago and has imparted the
secret to Martin. Anderson could
not again locate the gold, but Martin claims that he has been successful in locating the lost mine.
One hundred and six million postage stamps, enough, if extended in
a straight line, to reach from Vancouver to Toronto, were sold in the
Dominion during 1930.
3F=iC3rJ=^i iqnczirjc
3r=n:
Candies. Stationery, Proprietary
Medicines. Toilet Articles, Etc.
W. M. CummingS,   Agent for all Vancouver Daily Papers
Post Office Building, Alice Ann
3C3nC
Picture Show for 25c.
Commencing with the advent of the Talkies, which
date is August 30th., members of the Anyox Community League, will be allowed admission to one picture
show each month, on the presentation of their membership card, "showing dues paid to date, for the price of
25c.   This arrangement to be in lieu of past free show.
FREE SERVICES TO MEMBERS ARE:
Library 3. Organized Sports
Reading Rooms     4. Excursions
To keep these going we need your membership and your patronage
1.
2.
BUY   AT   THE LEAGUE
COUNTER
^
^
NESTLE'S
BABY SIZE
EVAPORATED,
MILK
FIRST we tale pure creamy cow's milk—then concentrate it to
double richness by evaporation. Splendid in coffee and gives
cream soups, sauces and desserts a smoother, creamier flavor.
NESTLES—World's Largest Producers and
Sellers of Condensed and Evaporated Milk.
A2
r-
Men's Clothes
We carry a full line of Men's Clothes including
Dress Suits in latest patterns and styles. Gabardine
Raincoats, Shirts, Ties, Hats, Shoes, etc. For working
purposes we have; Slicker Coats and Pants, Mackinaw
Shirts, Coats, and Pants, Waterproof Pants, Heavy
Boots, Rubbers in all lengths, Gloves, etc.
LEW LUN  & Go.
General Merchants, Anyox
West side of Smelter
.OPEN   UNTIL   10   P.M.
Ji
Don't Rob Yourself
During these tight times by failing to
take advantage of the advertising
columns of the Herald
If you have anything to sell, whether it is a piano,
a radio, phonograph, an admission ticket to a dance,
concert or card party, Life or Fire Insurance, something to eat, wear or smoke,' an auto ride, or whatever you have to sell: then
Advertise it in the Herald
and Increase Your Sales
Managers of social affairs are reminded
that an extra ticket or two sold pays for
an advertisement, and the others sold
through advertising are all clear
profit
ISN'T  IT   WORTH   CONSIDERING?
We will gladly write your advertisement for
you,  if necessary, and display it to the best
possible advantage
l&- ALICE  ARM   AND  ANYOX  HERALD.   Saturday, February 14, 1931
Large Number Attend Intruct-
ive Mining Classes
sidered. The majority of ore deposits are formed within the crust
of the earth and at varying depths
from the surface. Such deposits
hecome exposed and are made
available to us through the agen-
ceies of erosion, which cut away
the overlying rocks and thus expose the mineral deposits to us.
Processes involved in erosion are
both chemical and physical. The
physical agencies are frost, change
in temperatures, rain and wind.
Chemical agencies are those of
solution, oxidation, hydration car-
bonation, and the chemical and
physical action of plants and animals.
Erosion results in great masses
of material being moved from one
part of the earth to another, thus
causing unbalanced stresses, which
finally result in readjustments, re
suiting in the folding and faulting
of the sedimentary rocks, aud the
intrusion of magmas, which usually
carry with them various amounts
of ore minerals, which on escaping
from the cooling batholith form
mineral deposits of various kinds.
Dr. Smitheringale took for his
subject on Wednesday, the various
kinds of rocks composing the
earth's surface. These rooks, he
said are of various types. They
are divided into three main groups,
igneous, sedimentary and metamor-
phic. Igneous rocks are formed
by the crystalling of a molten mass
of rock material texture, thus having a crystallizing texture, and is
held together by the interlocking
of the crystal grains.
There are two groups of igneous
rocks,  the speaker  said, namely,
the coarse grained rocks formed at
considerable depth below  the snr
face, and fine grained igneous rocks
usually formed as lava Hows on the
surface.    The  sedimentary  rocks
have been laid down as beds  in
bodies of relatively  quiet   water.
There are four main types of sedi
i'nentary rocks, nameiy, conglomer
ates, sandstones, shales and limestones.   These rocks are not crys
talline in texture, but are made up
of fragments of other rocks or mineral grains, and are held together
usually by a cement.
At the meeting on Thursday,
Dr. Smitheringale explained how
dykes, sills and lacoliths were
formed. A distinction between a
stock and lacolith was also made.
Lava Hows were also dealt with.
Structures found iu sedimentary
rocks were also explained, such as
anticline, syncline, monocline, un
conformity, etc.
The speaker gave details of various faulting systems, such as
throws, heaves, slips and offsets,
and drew diagrams to more fully
explain the various faulting systems. An explanation was also
made regarding various silver ore
in conjunction with other metals.
Various minerals and tlieir occurrences were taken up at both
the afternoon and evening meetings.
Arm during the present week will
give a similar series at Anyox
during the coming week, commenc
ing on Monday evening at the
Recreation Hall. Lectures will be
held during every afternoon and
evening.
In our last issue we gave a
report of why these lectures were
being conducted, and readers of the
Herald are therefore acquainted
with the facts.
B. P. O. ELKS
Dominion ol Canada and Newfoundland
ANYOX LODGE No. 47
Meets every second and fourth Monday ol
the month
Hall for rent for dances, social functions, elc.
on application to club manager
Preparations Are All Made
For Sunrise Cabaret
Everything is ready for the
"Sunrise" Cabaret which is being
held Monday next, February 16th.
The joint Committee of members
of the I. 0. D. E and Canadian
Legion wish it to be known that
the entertainment will start
promptly at 9 p.m. and everybody
should be in their seats by that
time as tables will be limited.
The admission charges of $1.50
per couple, $1.00 single men, and
50c. ladies are very reasonable and
include entertainment, supper and
dancing. Children will be admitted only at the same prices.
Everybody is assured of a good
time.
The proceeds will be devoted to
relief and charity work.
7-
-~1
PIONEER MESS
CAFE
ANYOX B. C.
Bread, Cakes, Pastry,
Catering
SPECIAL DINNERS
ARRANGED ON REQUEST
PHONE 273
Ik
British Columbia
Department of Mines
NOTICE!
ANYOX NOTES
Will Give Lectures At Anyox
Next Week
Dr. W.  V.  Smitheringale,  who
gave a series of lectures at Alice!
Mrs. D. R. Learoyd and daughter
arrived home on Wednesday from
a visit south.
C. O. Webster, H. J. O. Oster,
junr. arrived on Wednesday from
Vancouver,
J, Burritt, J. Kelly and P. A.
Darby arrived from Prince Rupert
on Monday.
Mrs. W. Rogers and two daugh
ters arrived from Vancouver 011
Monday.
Mr. Overand returned to Prince
Rupert on Monday after spending
several weeks in Anyox as Customs
Officer during the absence of J-
Wynne.
Chas. King arrived from Stewart on Sunday, and left again on
Monday for the Flin Flon mine in
Northern Manitoba.
H   M.  SELFE
REGISTERED   OPTOMETRIST
ANYOX
Office:   Opposite Liquor Store
ALICE ARM
FREIGHTING
COMPANY
GENERAL CONTRACTORS
Pack Trains, Saddle Horses
and Heavy Teams
No Contract too Large or
too Small
MILES DONALD Manager
You are invited to apply to the Department of Mines,  Victoria, B.C.,
for the latest authoritative information
regarding   mining   development   m
British Columbia.
Annual Reports, Bulletins and Maps are
available free of charge, upon application to
THE HON. THE MINISTER OF MINES,
VICTORIA, B. C.
For Results,  Advertise in the
Herald
Cr
=^
MINERAL AOT
(Form F.)
Certificate ov Improvements
NOTICE
"Bunker Hill No. 1," "Bunker Hill
Fraction," "Couger" and "Rocket"
Mineral Claims, situate in the Naas
Kiver Mining Division of Cassiar District.
Where located:—On Granite Creek,
about 7 miles from Alice Arm.
TAKE NOTICE that I, W. B. Bower, F. M. 0. 02146-C, agent for Josenb
E. Trethewey F. M. 0. 35277-D, William Grav P. M. 0. 35278-D, and Robert W. Harris F. M. C. No. 35270-D,
intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder
for a Certificate of Improvements for
the purpose of obtaining a Crown
Grant nf the above claims.
And further take notice thataction,
under section 85, must be commenced
before the issuance of such Certificate
of Improvements.
Dated this 29th. day of October,
A. D. 1030.
W. B. BOWER, Agent.
Dry Goods Department
NEW ARRIVALS IN SPRING WASH MATERIALS
Rajah Pongee, very pretty designs, suitable for childrens rompers and dresses,  price
per yard, 45c.
Broadcloth in pink, green and blue, suitable for dressers or rompers, per yard price 35c.
Print iu lovely ■ lesigns. per yard 30c.
Organdie for dresses and collar sets, colors of mauve, green, maize, pink and blue,
price per yard, 80c.
DRUG DEPARTMENT
We are prepared to suppy yonr Photographic needs.   Get ready for the long bright
days ahead    Cameras, films, finishing chemicals, papers, and equipment, tripods, cable
releases, portrait attachments, self timers, carrying cases.   We also stock a fine assortment of albums, photo paste, white ink and art corners.
Hardware Dept
Roast Pans, from 30o"
Bread Pans, from 25c.
Scrub Brushes, from 25o.
Nickel Plated Copper Bottom Kettles
$3.25 aud $4.00.
Can Openers, 15c. and 25c.
Tea Pots 80c. 90c. and $1.00
Feltol Rugs, 14 ins. by 24 ins. each 25c.
Feltol Rugs, 18 ins. by 36 ins. each 35c.
Shoe Dept
GUM   BOOTS FOR ALL
THE FAMILY
Children's Knee Boots $2.45
Misses' Knee Boots $2.85
Women's Knee Boots $2.95
Boys' Knee Boots $3.00 and 4.00
Men's Knee Boots 5,25
BOYS' DEPARTMENT
Knee Pants in grey tweeds and blue cheviots.   These are neatly made and of good
wearing qualities.   Size 22 to 28, price $1.25 and $1.50.
Black Pullover Sweaters with crest.   Made from all wool and rib knit to ensure a
perfeot fit.    V neck style.   Sizes 26 to 34, price $2.25.
m
GRANBY   STORES
V:5
'
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