British Columbia History

BC Historical News Apr 30, 1968

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\ BRITISH COLUMBIA HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
Executive
President: Mrs, Mabel Jordon
First Vice-President: Mr H.. R.  Branmall
Second Vice-President: Mr G. E. Bowes
Secretary: Mr P.  A. Yandle
-Treasurer: Mrs G. E. Bowes
Executive Committee:    Mr H. B.  Nash
Col.  G. S. Andrews
Editor: Mr P.  A. Yandle No. 2       BRITISH COLUMBIA HISTORICAL NEWS April, 1968
After a ship has been launched and it still floats, the
ship-builder hasn't really accomplished very much. Will it be
stable? Will It stay tight and not spring leaks, and, most important of all, can it be relied upon to reach a definite destination?
Sq far the B.-C. Historical News has been launched, is still floating,- and ni major leaks have shown up. Actually it "swelled" a little
with its new buoyancy and several compliments thankfully received
,should go a long way to making it stable.
The advertising media with its subtle propaganda has never
made a great impression upon me, but occasionally the odd bit
trickles through and is remembered. This phrase from a T.V.
commercial has made its mark and states "A message is nothing
juntil someone reads it". The B.C. Historical News so far has
•certainly been read, even to the extent that James Nesbitt found
in it enough to make a full column to the Vancouver Suny March
14.th. His last paragraph read
"Prof. Humphries' paper is to me one of the best
contributions in a long time to political British
Columbiana. The E.C. Historical Association has had
it printed, and certainly the wav Humphries did his
job makes it exciting reading. The facts are hard to
believe in this supposed^ enlightened age."
Although Mr Nesbitt's reference to the B.C. Historical
Association is not strictly accurate, and the "News" did not get
the "plug" he could have given it, at least an acknowledgement of
the source was made. Better luck next time, and all the more
reason to pass on to the "News" such items for publication.
In an interesting letter from Miss S. D. Johnson of Trail,
she says
"Apropos the paper by Prof. Charles Humphries on The
Banning of a Book in B.C. - did you notice the letter to
the Editor, Vancouver Sun, Feb.23rd re commemorative
stamps - deploring the choice of Henri Bourassa as one
of threes Presumably he was chosen because he founded
the newspaper Le Devoir, to counter-balance George Brown,
founder of the Toronto Globe, without any thought to what
happened in 1914.-1918. Anywaj', why bring up old sores?"
Yes, I did, and herewith is the letter to the Sunj(Extract)
"The Sun (Feb.14) carried notice of three special
postage stamps commemorating well-known Canadians: George
Brown, a father of Confederation, and founder of the - 2 -
Toronto Globe; Col. John McRae, author of In Flanders
Fields; and Henri Bourassa, who founded the newspaper
Le Devoir.
I strongly resent the inclusion for this honor of
Bourassa, who was little short of a traitor to his
country during the First World War, where he used his
paper and all his talents to hinder the war effort..."
The last copy of the "News" mentioned the 1967 Convention
of the B.C. Historical Association at Williams Lake, and now.it's
a scant two months till the next one to be held in Victoria. The
theme of "100 Years of Capitalism;i, suggested by Mr Donald New,
seems too humorous to overlook. Arrangements are being made for
a most interesting programme of events, and Victoria should be
dressed up in her very best gardens for the benefit of all
Convention goers by that time  Running a convention is no easy
matter since the attendance is usually an unknown quantity. ' It
would be a suggestion, on my part, if all those planning to attend
(and who wants to miss Victoria in early summer?) could maybe let
Victoria know as soon as possible how many to expect from their
society.
Following is a provisional programme for the Convention.
Thursday: May 23. 1968
Place: Maritime Museum, Bastion Square
7 p.m. Registration
8 p.m. Assembly.
Address:   'The Maritime Museum'. Col. Symons.
Refreshments.
Friday. May 21, 1968
Place:    Caucus Room, Parliament Buildings
9 a.m.    Council Meeting of 1967-68 Council
Place:    Council Chamber cr Theatre, City Hall, Centennial Square.
10 a.m. General Meeting.
Address of welcome: His Honor Mayor Stephen
Film: "Victoria"
Address: 'Centennial Square': Ainslie Helmcken
2 p.m. Tour of historic Victoria, conducted by W.E. Ireland
(Tour leaves from Vancouver Island Coach L^nes Depot)
8 p.m. Pla o: Provincial Museum Auditorium
General Meeting.
Address: 'The New Museum': Dr Clifford Carl.
Tour of the Museum. - 3 -
Saturday, Mev 25, 1968
Place: Provincial Museum
10 a.m. Annual General Meeting.
2 p.m. General Meeting
Meeting of new Council
7 p.m. Banquet in Georgian Lounge, Empress Hotel
Speaker: Clifford Wilson.
SOCIETY NOTES AND COMMENTS
ALBERNI
The Alberni Society is co-operating with the producer of a
community programme on the local radio station CJAV. Interviews
with pioneer residents are being taped as well as items of historic
interest. Five members visited the new Nanaimo Centennial Museum
in February.
Mrs Ford, the Society's secretary, pointed out an error in
last issue's report. The last sentence should have read "The
Society sells hasti-notes, the covers of which depict the Anderson
Mill and the paper mill, the first in B.C.
GULF ISLANDS
Poor travelling conditions between the islands led to the
cancelling of the December meeting and a car accident to, the
President, of subsequent gatherings
KOOTENAY. WEST
At the January meeting George Mclntyre of Rossland traced
bee-keeping from the days of the Old Testament to the present,
including local bee-keepers. The February meeting was a showing
of slides of a member's trip to Europe last year.
VICTORIA
At the January meeting Mr R. C. Coates, a graduate student
at the University of Victoria spoke on "Fur trading days, the
social life of the trading posts". In February an overflow meeting of 130 people gathered to hear J.K. Nesbitt speak on "The
Premiers of B.C.".
. PROGRESS REPORT OF THE CENTENNIAL SCHOLARSHIP COMMITTEE.
Chairman: Professor John E. Gibbard
University Section:
Only two universities responded - University of B.C. and
University of Victoria. In each case the Head of the History Dept.
selected the three best, which were submitted to our panel of - u -
judges who are working on them now and hooe to reach a decision by the
end of i"Krch.
The judges ire: Mr Douglas Cole, De >t. of History, Simon Fraser University; Mr Willard Ireland, Provincial Librarian and Archivist; Professor
Neil Sutherland, Faculty of Education, University of B.C.
Secondary School Section
Thirty-nine essays were considered worthy of entering the contest.
The judges in this section must not only decide the winner of the ^250
prize but also which essay in each of the five divisions should receive
the Social Studies Teachers' Professional Association's ^50 prize for
the division. The .judges' decision should tIso be ready by the end of
March.
The judges are: Mr H,**.. Brarnmall, B.G. Historical Association; Mr
Bruce Ramsey, Vancouver Province; Mr Donald Sage, "9.C. Social Studies
Teachers' Professional Association.
The following letter, "hich is cooied from a manuscript in the
TT.B.C. Library, gives us a glimpse of life in the Colony 100 years ago.
It appears to be written by a man called Dissette to a friend in Upper
Canada. 'There seems to be a parallel here that communications between
East and West after 100 years have not yet been resolved
VICTORIA, V.I.
July 1?S4
My de^r Friend,
It behoveth me tn be^r in mind that I owe "ou an answer for your
last welcome letter, and to forewarn you that when you do get it, it
will- be more conspicuous for a lack of news, and an enlargement upon
a few items than anything else  ^or as to our news, we cannot report
anything startling, nor indeed anything of ~-hic!r the newspapers will
not already have apprised you. In fact the discoverers of facts are
paid to be slower than the reporters, and as to Cariboo there are
long arrears which the former seem to be despairing of ever making
up. It is beginning to be acknowledged that the fourth estate is at
least a year ahead of the country, evincing thereby a progressive*
spirit- and that in the interests of "things as they are", you will
need to read "things as they are represented to have been", in the
future tense  When a claim is said to have yielded, in June 1P-6U>
400 oz per day, read, "-ill yield in June '65". Not that miners tell
lies; or stretch things when shares are for sale. Not at all. For
who could be so void of the fear of punishment, as to impeach the
veracity of a man who could whip his weight in wild cats, swear a
blue streak across the tent at you, or -insinuate himself or his knife
into your affections; and who invokes the most awful imprecations on
his own head if he is not telling the truth  So it will be vase to
remember that the newspapers are dependent for. their hews- on these
wild fellows, and are proportionately reliable as authorities. It is - 5 -
anything but attractive to read the Globe's column of Cariboo news,
Goldstream news and Shuswap items, when we have paid our "2 bitts"
for it. Items of interest which created then little sensation,, and
were successfully contradicted 2 months before, come back to stare us
in the face, and excite our risibles. The biggest liar may be the
greatest stranger but will create the greatest noise for the time.
You may wonder that such persons are not exposed and that public
opinion does not lash the impostor. I can only say that perhaps it
would if it could reach him. It requires that he shall have
character in order to attack it, that he shall be somewhat acquainted and that his interests bind, him to seek the good opinion of others.
Personal punishment is out of the question; the reputation is the
only chance. But miners generally have no such interests to look
after, at least none worth naming. ?Jo settled home, friends, or
acquaintance, they take it to be rather smart to "sell" a correspondent, get their name in print and boast of the feet to their few barroom cronies. Add to this' that similar authorities have been the
cause of their delusion and disappointment previously, and like
genuine ignorance everywhere, their vials of irath are poured upon
the medium of their deceit and deception.  "We learn from a reliable
source" at the beginning of a paragranh, seems now, to me, to be an
intimation that the statement following may be a lie, and has been
relied upon, but either from its flexibility or an inordinate capacity for lying on the part of the render - it is still reliable.
It is a remarkable fact that our papers on mining, prospecting,
etc., like you on politics, rarely correct their own errors, back
out of their false assertions, or tell us th-^t they were wrongly
informed. In the first place there is little need of it, for few
people believed them. In the second, the untruth in mining, is
only gradually proved untrue and as fast as it is done it is made
known to the public. I can tell you noir, that Shuswap is a fizzle,
Goldstream is played out, Bridge River is not heard of, Stickeen is
not thought of, and I suspect that a similar tale may be anticipated
concerning Kootenii, which now absorbs public attention. Oh yesl
Kootenai is to be the next excitement, and wonderful tales are coming in, under the patronage of the agents of the H.p.Co., and from
them directly as authors. There is one sentence near the close of
the report which if it does not nullify the .'.hole, has at least a
soothing effect on our excitability. "W! ich it are understood"
"The chief factor of the Co. has given orders to forward goods to
that country and to remove the station from FoH Colville in order
to supply the expected emigration".
I need not here digress on the subject of the inequality of
the status of an imperial and colonial .subject. It is degrading
enough to think of, for beside the lack of all national unity,
fraternity, and self reliance, and the humiliition one feels in
looking on at the national parties, and the study of a past history -
even the Germans here have these - or a definite aim in the future -
a lack that all colonists must feel, - then is an undefined consciousness th^t other oeoples regard us ^s dependents and our country
as a dependency, v'hile our rulers the Imperial authorities and the
English people, not only think so but act so. Hardly ever does a o -
Governor think of bestowing patronage on the colonist, there is always
some hardbaked hungry aristocrat for every important office, and as for
the Imperial authorities, it would surprise us more than it did Hinks to
find them taking any account of a colonist. 'T'here is not any injustice
nor a false step taken by the Lome Govt, or its representative towards a
colony, no matter how silent the people are, but tends to weaken the best
kind of loyalty of thinking men.
Day after day we have been compelled to attend an assize court,
the business of which Judge Gowan would get through in three days, -
which here occupied a week and the indictments of which 'fere so loosely
drawn that the Grand Jurv remonstrated, and the cases had to be tried
over again.
Aug. 21st 1864
It was just as well thrt I didn't date this letter in the beginning as owing to a new excitement <e  have been very busy indeed. I
enclosed to Edward by last mail a number of clippings from the locals, -
which have, ere this met your eye, - giving us the startling intelligence
of an extensive discovery of gold just at car doors. Sooke is a barren
mountainous almost impassable region, within an easy day's march of
Victoria, having a small river tumbling around angles -among rocks and
at last deliberately emptying into a fine shallow harbor, about 20 miles
from here. Our exploring expedition's miner discovered good prospects,
and left the expedition to wor'-- them. H?ving been getting $100 a month,
<^nd being well knc-n, his report drew away from the city a good number
of the most sanguine, who, on further examination of the River and its
principal tributary (Leach River) confirmed his statement. The excitement
grew from the first and was the only theme of interest and conversation.
Two steamer loads went uo on a Saturday (so th-t they could prospect on
Sunday and return to work) and just as they were getting tired and
incredulous, after oass.ing through so many physical hardships, a negro
washed out a ^74 nugget, and like magic the whole creek became lively
with surveyors of claims, diggers, washers, crevicers. 'The results were
soon manifest and each one began to accumulate something. "The gold was
coarse button or flaxseed gold smooth and flaky and must- have had an
origin farther back." Every man's little pile was a fresh-Item of news
and his opinion was recorded - if favorable - in the most respectful
manner. To give the press its due, it did confine itself to what it was
told, and usually gave its authority. It warned man to wait a while and
not rush away from their work if they were doing anyway well. : It
appealed to their reason, however, only after it had stunned or paralyzed
it with gold, news  For it is a fact almost admitting of demonstration
that men's minds under such influence will not have a normal action, and
that though their regular wages are from 3 to ^6 per day - with all the
comforts of good food, and shelter, and easy ,ror!r, - on the announcement
of the discovery of gold - not oven in paying quantities -' away they
rush, through water and over boulders, sleeping on the ground' in the
open air, eating musty bacon and stale beans, badly cooked, although
they know - or used to know - that the chances are ten to one against
their making even a livelihood. Ship carpenters and caulkers at *6 per
day were quite as bad as the rest, machinists only waited "to hear if
these dampapers were telling the truth" and. away they went to dam the - 7 -
river and return damning themselves. Men left snug berths to run
up and jump a claim and returned to find their "berth jumped". The
few case-hardened dealers in supplies coolly sold off their long
standing stocks of dippers, Long Tom's, Jenny Linds, rocker irons and
rockers, shovels, picks, gold pans, blowers, camp kettles, spoons,
tin plates, blankets, shirts, hatchets, beans ?c  pork. Pale bilious
shoemakers and tailors and ne«?t daoper clerks, frantically charged
up hill with 50 lbs. and 70 lbs on their backs. John Chinaman caught
the infection, and with the inseparable shoulder stick and the two
packages swinging like an old fashioned pair of scales, trudged out
in significant silence venturing along precipitous rocks, and diving
into deep defiles. Poor John made a hasty dive in one case and f.-iund
himself in such bad repair that it was not worth rising again. His
neck was broken.
At first, complaints were made of a want of blaze and finger
posts to mark the way, but the returning wave of the disappointed
left behind it such a deposit of preserved meat cans, abandoned mining tools and other burdensome debris that the complaint soon ceased.
Yet witha11, there continued to be good news from Sooke at
the arrival of each steamer.  Gold in re-lly good oaying quantities
was rewarding a few, but the fact was sparingly alluded to, that
though men found a dollar to the pan of dirt on their claims, there
was but a few pans on the claims, and. th^t tint was in vertical
crevices of the rock. In this respect I think th't the press did
not fairly represent public conscience  They h^ve over estimated
the confidence of the people in the permanence of the diggings, and
it is now a fact acknowledged with an ill grace thnt unless pay is
found in the banks and. benches further from the river bed, the Sooke
mines will "Peter". "Rumors were rife concerning good pay having
been struck in the hill behind the -- claim hon our informant left",
is a common style of concluding items haa&ed "Sooke News". Meantime
our intrepid Explorer and his party (Dr Brown) are adding to our
knowledge of the resources of the Island. A new and apparently
extensive coal mine at the rear of Comox - our most promising agl.
settlement - has been discovered, and the river running near it
called Brown River, More prairies, more timber, and more indications
of gold are making this people - already flaccic, drained and relaxed,
from comparatively fruitless excitement, look thoughtful, almost
hopeful.
The poor dear deluded, public, who ran away from well doing
and comfort, and got the very opposite, on returning from Cariboo
two years ago, had somewhat of an advantage over the same class from
Sooke. Though then covetousness was at the hottora in both cases, in
the former their vanity found scapegoats in the -lersons of Lon. Times
Corrt., Donald Fraser, Esor., Bis1 o^ TTills and above all of Parson
White; now they fall bac' on their ovn res urces.
In one way we reap a permanent benefit  Just as in Brit.
Columbia roads are being made across ble^1'- barren, and otherwise
unprofitable tracts lying between us and valuable country which would
be impassable for an age, rrere it not for those excitements. Now without enlarging on Cariboo, - which I trust will do its
own part - and ring eloquently before the season closes, I may say that
I have given you my ,;essence of mining ne"'s". To spoak of our commerce
I may say that we are still buying largely from England. Our.heavy
firms are setting on permanent lines of ships, enlarging their-stone
warehouses and extending their "harves along our narrow harbor.- This
is becoming a gre-t distributing point for English goods; B.- Columbia,
Pu0et Sour. 1, Russ arerica, W. Territory, Portland Oregon, San Francisco,
and even Mexico though at war, - are about to become permanent customers.
So much for our free port. But protectionist ideas will run in the
heads of some of our peoole, and v'eie it not that we have a strong infusion of the Free-Traders of England, and a most persistent champion
Editor (Alex Bell of thv Chronicle) thore might be a rolapse into the
Canadian and B, Columbian modes of collecting revenue.
Owing to the separation of the countries into the two colonies
of V.I. and P.C. - and the jsalousy of the politicians of the latter,
the numerous coasters which have been in the habit of taking cargoes
from our wholesale merchants hers and clearing from this port for the
Nor'West coast of B.C. are nc. by a naw B.C.. ordinance required to
clear from New Westminster; thus compelling them to ascend the troublesome channel of the Fraser, unload and reload their cargoes and return,
before proceeding on 0 ir voyage. Allowing for adverso winds, rapid
currents, change of tides and risk of shoals of the ever shifting bars
it the mouth of tlie river, there will be a weo:<.s delay to o.ach of these
vessels, on an average. For even coasting steamers will require a good
deal. °'r time 0:1 account of greater bulk. It is vain to .tell these
.people that they will only injure our trade and the coasters, or that
it would be better to let the parties load and clear here under the
supervision of a B.C. official :'i om they would willingly pay. Nothing
will 31ve but that as Victoria "has got thoir trade" they will try to
get it hack again, and the natural result will be that instead of
doing so they will gat neither the colonial revenue nor tha profit on
sales. . Already I hive known of an sxtoasive dealer in furs and Indian
trade, to ^ke out a clearance on a heavy cargo, for the Northern
extremity o3 the Island and "Sitka"; and I bolx-ave that it is just
the prelude to is c ^mplete and irremedia->j.j a system 01 smuggling as
evar exisv-l,  Tbo indiscriminate 10 par cent duty on all good3 entering B.C. prevents any unsold cargoes of being stored, thero, and the
intense envy, jealousy, and. malignity cf the half employed N. Westminster peoolo blinds- th^r-- to commit gross errors. Thoir sickly solitary paper is always "llled. with morbid, affusions on their imaginary
abuses, and e-'en the Van 0^ War (Tribune) could net get.aground and
almost go to wrack before they dismantled her, below Westminster,
Yfithc-.it the B. Columbian accusing the pilot of being bribed by Victorians
to act designedly in order to injure their harbor. Conscious of our
invincibility, and our prosperity, the throa daily papers here have
*cted toward thair neighbor as though it -vas an invalid mora to be
pitied than blamed, to be Indu.lg.3d. °nd soothe (rather) than corrected
and .punished  Bug some independent fellow took hold ot the pan a week
or two ago and. in the Sunday morning issue of the Chronicle gave their
"magnificent town site" such a ribroasting as nearly expatriated the
paper from the sacred soil.  One.cf tho proprietors being on.a visit
lately to that "'city cf stu.-.ps, steeps and staircases" found it advisable to iubrionte things a little but in s-rita of everything he "damned - 9 -
them with faint praise", ^be Exoress copies an able and lengthy
article from the Edinburgh Review in which -T T7. is said to be
declining owing to the extended northward direction in which the
gold discoveries are being made, and iromising that a coast route
must ultimately supercede the river route to Cariboo. Of course, we
know what will be the effect of such a  suoercession.
"The city not so blest as we, 5lust in its turn by coast route fall
Whilst ours shall flourish. Shall flourish longer and free
And by its trade supaly them ill
Rule Victoria, Victoria rules the mart
ate.  etc. "
This is the first obstruction thro-tfi in the way of our trade;
it is petty, foolish, "innocuous" and will fail.
In agriculture I ennot report anything very definite only
that our settlements aro busy with hard workers, and gre~t promises
are made as well as gre^t complaints  First, that there are no
roads and but irregular visits from tho ! ail vessels, second tint
Indians are too often .guilty of petty degradations without being
punished.
New tracts of land ars boing discovered by the "Exploring
Expedition", and thoso already settled are being made the most of.
We hava a soil and climate remarkably mil adapted for fruit culture
and producing better flavored fruits than our southern neighbors.
Our apple trees bear in their third year and some other fruits are
even more precocious. The grasses here are very luxuriant, and
pasturage is plentiful. It is surprising how quickly the early
spring months - April and May - alter tho appearance of the "earth
and they that dwell therein" on this island. Cattle fatten very
fast. Tall ferns spring up on every r.aste place, and with their
feathery arms cover nearly everything, leaving places for wild larkspurs and lupins, and a low sized bulrushy sunflower, - with other
articles too numerous to mention, as Buffon might say, to fill out
the picture.
Of our politics, you can kno- but little unless by regular
perusal of our papers, and indeed I mi ,ht leave "unless" out of tho
last sentence. Our parties are well deiinad and instinctively the
negative and positive the progressive and retrogressive, the Radical
and Tory, Clear Grit and corruptionist aro taking their raspective
places, and regarding one another as dangerous to tho commonwealth as
ever. But the great lack still is a statesman on either side; or a
man capable of bringing existing evils down to the people to deal
directly with them. \Tc n we reill;r not eve i a second rate politician
on tho Island, that his mad.o 1 if voice hewrd  Let ma state in a few
words how we are placed, We have a Governor like you and a Council
not like vou, for ours is irresponsible.  It is composed of Atty.Genl.
Surveyor Genl. Treas. Col. Secy. Chief Justice and two or three others,
who can negitive anything done in the Assar.bly. The Assembly misrepresents the Island, because 5/6 of the population are represented
by four members and 1/6 by 10, most of horn com? from petty pocket - 10 -
boroughs where -they poll 6,* 8, 10 or 14 votes. The rich H.B. Co.
settlers, being at leisure can easily work their way into the house
and obstruct everything like progressive reform. We have but one
lawyer in the Lo^er House, and one in the Upper. The Upper one is
a rogue with just enough cunning to know it, the Lower one is a
fossilized flabbergasted incapable, and doesn't know it. You yourself know (or you ought to, for J.W.H.W. Esqr. ventilated, the subject at one of our junketings in the domicile of the patient patriarch of the Land of Uz;) that colonics are and must be largely
dependent on the Legal profossion for its politicians  Nov.' Victoria
has seven lawyers - I think - and out of the whole seven there is
not one - positively not one, to whom I would entrust the interests
of a constituency, nor the draft of a single statute of any importance. They are all from England, and being in possession of an
exclusive right to practice, - given to them by a kind providence as
a sort of recompense for a deorivation of ability - they religiously
preserve it.  It is in vain that their champion th- Attl. Genl. -
the most passable one among them, has mide in abominable botch of
incorporating the city, that he has L-ft tho council without power
to collect tha taxes, or pay the half-completed contracts, that he
has incorporated the land but not the residents, and that the Chief
Justice has declared the Act absurd. While the whole city almost
stinks for want of regulation, and in the rainy season the people in
the ravine had. to leave their houses submerged, for -ant of a council
order to expend a few dollars, these incapables who are at the bottom
of it all have succeeded in defeating the bill for the admission of
Colonial Barristers to practice in our Counts.  It passed both Houses,
but the Atty. Genl. protested on some technicality and the Governor
withheld, his assent until the arrivil of our new Judge, who is
supposed to be waiting in England for us to pass the Civil List.
Sept. 21st, 1864
Our Governor is a gentleman, Irish, and from the North,  Lot
friend Dugan draw tho inference  Our Speaker K. of A. is not quite
a gentleman, Scotch and belongs to the II.?.Co. Nothing to infer.
Our Mayor is a Ft, lst-af f ian butcher, English, represents grog influence,
That is inference enough.
Our Governor at a public dinner in a Belfast compliment alluded to the results of the nine months incubation ("setting" the Mayor
would say) cf the House, and. hoped etc. etc. Our Speaker, retorted
cannilj that birds hastily hatched were ill developed. Our Mayor
responded that aggs too long sat on became -addled.
I forward these three nuggets. From diggings like Sooke they
come and bring with them a hope that there be more of the same behind.
You may apply any or all of them to this long delaj^ed, unconnected
letter
The Barrie - - newspaper informed rae that you were about
going to Europe and I became inattentive until my leisure was gone.
Now I must close in a hurry. - ll -
Before "mailing let me sa,y thit Cwrio'oo has been a failure for
this season. TTo new strikes, old claims un-'orked, waiting for the
completion of the Bedrock Train, business stagnant, merchants overstocked, hands idle  These ire the facts and -> drove of broken men
are returning. Nov our Island will got such a prospecting as it never
had. Now ill foreign timber and lumber vessels are rushing to us for
cargoes, as there is a new order on the American side, prohibiting all
foreign bottoms from goin^1 further than tho custom house at Port Angeles.
And so we go up, up, up, and to-morrow we'll 'go down, down, down, with
nothing at a fixed price but -ahiskey and town lots, at a low price but
potatoes, nothing very high but flour and. wheat, ^12 bbl. and 4 cts lb.
We have still a dry pleasant Autumn and our few farms give a good report,
Our Indians have been troublesome and are about to be punished. They
are a brutish set. From you, who in tho love of Nature holds communion
with its visible forms, I shall expect an answer in your leisure hours,
after the fall goods are marked ind. advertised, and Bradford grows
lively with customers. You will be able to toll me something more of
the federation project than I have y-at heard, from all the Globes. Hov
does tho Minister from Simcoe lean, or can you believe him after that
lie of his last session, about McGee's lecture.
L-?ive us i chance to join our claim '"hen the time comes.
Remember me to tho Reeve John 0.0., G.H.P., and the remaining
members of the ".L, li D. Glub. And so saying, with kindest wishes,
I am, 'our friend,
(Sgd.) Jno. 1.  Dissette
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# II Minutes of tho Council of Vancouver Island. Commencing Aug,
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93 pp. King's Printar, Victoria, B.C., 1^18.
Buckrar; bound.        ^1.50
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§  III Minutes of tho House or  Assembly of  Vancouver Island,
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■Scholefield, T   pp. King's Printer, Victoria, - C., 1918.
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By Henry Drummond Dee, 98 pp. King's Printer, Victoria,
1946. Paper bound 1.50
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First " 1923 34 pp.. $2.50 Third 1925 66 pp. *2.00
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2. F.V. Longstaff, Esquimalt Nival Base; a history of its work
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