British Columbia History

BC Historical News Nov 30, 1975

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 historical
NEWS
November 1975
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K^      - BRITISH COLUMBIA HISTORICAL NEWS
Vol. 9 No. 1.
November 1.975
Published November, February, April and June each year by the
British Columbia Historical Association, and distributed free to members
of all affiliated societies by the secretaries of their respective
societies. Subscription rate to non-members: $5*00 Canadian per year,
including postage, directly from the Editor, Mr P.A. Yandle, 3450 West
'20th Avenue. Vancouver, B.C. V6S 1.E4.
Deadline for Submissions: the 1.0th day of each month of issue.
Executive 1975-76
Hon. Patron:
Hon. President:
President;
Past President:
1st Vice-President:
2nd Vice-President:
Secretary:
Recording Secretary:
Editors:
Treasurer:
Executive members;
Lieut-Gov. Walter Owen
Dr Margaret Ormsby
Mr Frank Street
Col, G.S. Andrews
Mr Jack Roff
Mr Alf Slocomb
Miss Jill Rowland,
Dr Patricia Roy
Mr & Mrs P.A. Yandle
Mr Kent Haworth
Mr Donald New
Mr Rex Tweed
4800 Arbutus, Vancouvei
/ # 203, V6J 4A5.
TABLE OF CONT-NTS
Page
Editorial
Minutes
Society Notes and Comments
Jottings
B.C. Boo'.cs of interest, by F,Woodward
'Hand-books and guides for local societies
Reports from Provincial Archives
Never take no for an answer; Pamela Mar
Book Reviews:
(And So They Came to Cowichan, M.Bishop
(Horsefly. Horsefly Historical Soc
From Cordwood to Campus in Gordon Head, Ursula Jupp
The Dukes, Douglas E. Harker
East Kootenay Saga, D.Scott and E.Hanic :
(Cariboo: the newly discovered gold fields
(For friends at Home, ed. by R.A. Preston
The Princess Story, by N.Hacking & W.K. Lamb
The B.C. Historical Assoc-our First Fifty Years, R.Bramaall
List of Affiliated Societies
2
3
4
5
7
10
1.0
1.2
15
1.6
17
1.8
20
21
23
27
The cover series for Volume 9, drawn by Robert Genn, will depict
Indian canoes. This issue features canoes of the Kwakiutl. EDITORIAL
It has been said "a picture i' worth a thousand words" and "the
camera doesn't lie". For the naive these may be truisms, but another
saying "seeing is believing" strikes nearer to the truth. This past
summer we had the opportunity to view first hand what we had always seen
in glorious technicolour in magazines, books, brochures, etc, extolling
its natural beauty - our magnificent west coast inland passage and islands.
There is no question about the grandeur of the passing kaleidoscope of
mountains, verdure and the ever, changing cloud patterns, but look closely,
and the appalling filth that abounds in that inland boating paradise is
beyond belief.
We travelled the inside passage from Port Hardy to Prince Rupert and
back. Last year we had taken the luxury cruise of the Spirit of London
to see this wonderful waterway, where, the brochure states, "the salmon
leap, while overhead the bald eagles soar:in majestic splendour". We
never saw it because we travelled this scenic stretch of water, at a bit
better than 20 knots, mainly at night. This time we saw it from the
deck of an 80 foot ,".tug, and anchored and explored such places as Pruth
Bay.-Calvert Island, ■HorFefly Cove -Green Inlet, Kisameet Bay -northeast
of Kipling Island, just to mention a few. And it was always the same -
refuse littered the shoreline, consisting of various plastic containers,
bottles, nylon rope and rusting metal of varying descriptions.
We had always thought what a romantic place Oona River, on Porcher
Island, must be to bear such a euphonius name. Forget it. We chugged
about five miles, in the out-board motor boat we carried on the tug deck,
from Chismore Passage to Oona River, and a more squalid disgrace to the
human race would be hard to find. From deep water at its mouth at Oona
Point and up the navigable channel, both river banks are littered right
into the growing timber, with refuse beyond description. Everything from
broken toilet bowls, remains of innumerable boats, rotting floats*,wire
cables, machinery and slowly decomposing household waste, greets the
intrepid explorers on landing. Can you believe the remains cf old cars
and this on an island without ferry service and virtually no roads i This
is a community of less than 1.00 people,, and this river is a garbage dump
as far as the eye can see.
There is far more to this inland passage than the pictures in
Beautiful B.C. or the glossy highly coloured pictures put out by the
cruise ship companies. Seeing is believing. Oh Lord, how much longer
do we have to endure the thoughtlessness of industry, and the total
disregard for their environment of a few inhabitants, before one of the
most spectacular networks of protected seaway anywhere in the world becomes
as unacceptable as the canals of Venice.
This was the cradle of civilization on this coast, and let us never
•forget it nor ever allow it to be so desecrated by thoughtlessness. 3
MINUTES
The'November Council meetingsof the British Columbia Historical
Association Was held on Sunday, 'November 1.6, 1975 at the home of P.A.
Yandle,-' Vancouver.
Present were: J. Rowland (Vancouver); A. Turner (Prov.Archivist); J.
McCook (Victoria); G. Jamieson (Alberni); R. Millway (Burnaby); F.Street
(Pres.);1 K. Leeming (Victoria); A. Slocomb (Victoria) ; D. New (Gulf
Islands); J.Roff (VicePres.); R.Tweed (Campbell River); G.Andrews (Vict.);
R.Barnett (Campbell River);K.Haw®rth (Treas.); A.Yandle (Co-Ed.);
P* Yahdle (Ed.); M:irs-F.'Street,'PVRby(Rec.Sec.). ' President F.Street was
in the chair.
Moved,' K. Leeming; seconded, J.Roff: that the minutes be adopted as
circulated.
P.Yandle read" hisletter of resignation as corresponding secretary
of the Association. Moved, J.Roff; seconded K.Haworth: that Mr Yandle's
resignation be accepted with regret and deep appreciation for past
services. Carried.
•- j. Rowland has agreed to act as interim secretary .until the new
elections are held in the spring.
P. Yandle reported On his work as corresponding secretary:
1) That he wrote to the Mayor'of:Lytton about the.vandalization of a
■cairn and ..received a reply that the cairn has been repaired.     > ;
•2)'That he has been in communication with Professor .Autyiof Simon
Fraser University in respect to the Captain Cook Symposium.'    '"'''
'3) That Bowen Island and New Westminster have inquired about the
formation of historical societies. Mr Yandle reported that he has drawn
up a basic constitution which'^may be used by local branches.
4) That Burnaby has invited-the Association to hold the convention
there in 1.977*
Moved, K. Haworth; seconded', .J. Rowland: that the Treasurer's
report, as circulated, be accepted. Carried.
J. Roff reported that his letter to branch secretaries about
submissions to-the News was "in the mail".
K. Leeming advised that the Constitution Committee will have-1 amendments' ready for the February Council meeting. This will include changes
'in-nominating procedures. Mr New said" he now believes that elections should
'be- held &t  the Council meeting rather than at the general mooting. 'He
argued this would provide for better geographical representation of the
electorate. A vigorous debate followed on suggestions for changes in the
election procedures.
Moved, R. Barnett; seconded, G. Andrews: that the co-editors of the
News be authorized to purchase a new typewriter at a total cost.of $850-
$900. Carried.
F. Street informed the meeting that Bowen Island has 72 members; that
Maple Ridge has opened a museum; and that New Westminster is forming a
historical society. P. Yandle reported that the covers for the News this yoar will
illustrato four difforent typos of canoos. Ho notod that although the
subscription list is up, tho number of branch commitments is down.
K. Looming spoke on the Convention which will begin on 3rd June,
1.976 with registration at Graigdarroch Castle in Victoria. Accommodation
will be at the University of Victoria. K. Haworth invited suggestions for
excursions.
Moved, D.Now; seconded J. Roff: That the Council confirm the action
of the Convention Committee in changing the date of the convention. Carried.
Moved, R. Millway; Seconded, K. Haworth: that the Convention Committee
investigate the possibility of visiting Government House. Carried.
The next Council Meeting will be held on Sunday, February 8th,
1976 at I.30 p.m. in the Board Room of the Provincial Museum, Victoria.
The meeting adjourned at 3.30 p.m.
SOCIETY NOTES AND COMMENTS
(Notes and commonts are scant this issue because of tho mail strike.)
CAMPBELL RIVER In the spring of 1.9?4 the District Municipality of Campbell
River provided our Society with a greatly increased budget, which enabled
us to hire a professional curator, Mr John Frishholz, for the Campbell
River and District Museum. As well, with the financial support of the
Council, the Society has undertaken the responsibility of operating the
Tourist Information Centre, from May to September.
After reorganizing the whole interior of the Museum last spring, we
were able to open in June, mornings from 1.0 to 1.2 and afternoons from 1 to
4. During this time Mrs Alice Evans carried on as manager of the Museum,
until September, when Mr Frishholz came.
The Museum has been open to the public continuously since September,
with the help of a very dedicated and interested group of volunteer
women, who give their time five days a week. -
The Society has held monthly meetings, and among the speakers we have
heard, have been John Kyte, Museum Advisor to the Provincial Museum, Dr
Philip Akrigg from U.B.C. who spoke on the early history of the Hudson-'s
Bay Co across Canada and in B.C.; Mrs Joy Inglis, formerly with the
Centennial Museum in Vancouveri  spoke to us on "How to judge Indian Art".
Meetings were also exchanged with the Courtenay and District Historical
Society, and with the Port Alberni Museum, and the Alberni Historical Society.
Early this year we sponsored an application for a L.I.P. grant under
the name of Genesis, and co-ordinated by Jon Ackroyd. This has been a
highly successful search into the past history of this area, by a most
competent group of workers. A massive collection of this material has
been added to the Historical Society Archives.
Last but not least we invited the B.C. Historical Association to hold
their Annual Convention here in Campbell River, and due to the excellent
workers on our Committees we hope that this has been enjoyable and successful.
(Ed.: it certainly was a great success.) EAST KOOTENAY In August - a■field trip, arranged by Mrs Marjean Noble,
was held at the practically ghost town of Bull River, early lumber mill
centre,, Mrs Doris Battersby of Fernie and Mr Johnson gave interesting
talks of the days when the place was in its heydey, some 50 years ago,
The Field Committee, under R. Jeffrey, have had a busy summer,
servicing and putting in order old cemeteries at Wild Horse, Fort Steele,
Moyie, etc They received assistance too from tho boys at the Fort
Steele Historic Park,
- However, their main project this year has been establishing and
clearing a Walking Trail along side what is left of that most historic
old Baillie-Grohman C^nal at Canal Flats, some 50 miles north of
Cranbrook. Besides clearing the trail, the hardworking committee made
and set up an entrance arch with turnstile near the road into the old
lock etc
September 7th, the official opening of that Walking Trail took
place. Dave Kay, Secretary, told something of the intriguing story of
the old canal built back in 1.887-88, and at the new entrance arch
officially declared the trail open, after which he invited those present
to walk the lovely mile-long tstail to the Kootenay River, The possibility,
announced by B.C. Hydro recently, of diverting water from the Kootenay
River at Canal Flats into the Upper Columbia for extra power purposes,
is ironically what Baillie-Grohman originally planned almost 1.00 years
ago for the canal, but was thwarted at that time mainly by the C.P.R.
who were building their main-line tracks close to the Columbia north of
Golden,
On September 21.st, another field trip was held at What is left of the
old lumber town of Wycliffe, nine miles north of Cranbrook on the St.
Mary's R'.ver. Mrs Palm Drysdale, granddaughter of Otis Staples who
founded the mill and town there in 1.904, .told those gathered the stoiy
of Wycliffe's rise and fall.
"NANAIMO Two Nanaimo members celebrated their 90th birthdays this year.
They are Mrs F. McGirr, President 1961.-62; born on Wentworth Street,
Nanaimo, Oct, 1.9, 1.885" taught school first at North Oyster, 1.903; and
Mr Robin J. Walley, President 1963-64; born at Nantwich, Cheshire, England,
July 23, 1.885; served as Chief Chemist for the manufacture of explosives
at Victoria & Nanaimo.
VICTORIA   At their June meeting Dr R.H. Roy spoke on the topic "Major
General G.R. Pearkes and the Conscription crisis in B.C. - 1.944".
#      5{C      ^C      5{C      'Jf.      %.
JOTTINGS
From the Journal of For gat History. July 1.975: "About a year ago a
group of forestry students from the University of British Columbia discovered
a 30,000 pound steam engine while hiking in the Pitt Lake area of their
school's research forest. The huge engine originally belonged to a-firm
callod Abernathy Logging and was simply loft in tho woods when it outlived
its usefulness. This year's graduating forestry class decided that tho
engino would bo a fitting memento for thorn to leave UBC. Class member Chris
Boniface roports that $5,000 has boon raised to pay for tho transport and
restoration of tho old ongino. Twenty-five students took - the machine apart
iri preparation for a helicopter lift of four miles to the forest gates,
where it will bo scraped, reassembled, and painted. The steam engine will
bo the first display of a small forestry museum." And from the same issue Pat Philips, B.C. Forest Museum manager,
in a talk to the Rotarians related "how his grandfather, Gerry Wellburn,
had the foresight to collect many items of early logging equipment before
they could be destroyed and converted to scrap metal. Wellburn established
a private museum on his property at Deerholme. It soon outgrww the site
and Rotarians and other citizens of Cowichan Valley came to his aid and
formed the Forest Museum Society. In 1972 it turned over all assets to
the provincial government, which assumed liabilities and operating
expenses. Today the museum comprises forty acres of land, one and a half
miles of narrow gauge railway, and an outstanding collection of artifacts."
From Life Member Wm Barraclough of Nanaimo "Thought the enclosed
article by Mrs D. Tonkin featuring J.W. Hardcastle would be of interest
to you. Dr R.E. Forester's son of Vancouver took a picture similar to the
Cadboro to have it framed; the shopowner would not retain it there until
the frame was ready, saying it was too valuable..,. Mr Hardcaslle's
pictures are accurate drawings rather than regular paintings... I forgot to
mention I made the frame from local yellow cedar on the Cadboro".  At
the Convention at Campbell River in May the Secretary was presented with a
painting of the Cadboro by J.W. Hardcastle from the Nanaimo Historical
Society in appreciation of his services to the B.C.H.A. Mr Barraclough
made the presentation.  (The article referred to above appeared in the
Islander, September 28th, 1.975 'Artist Jack Hardcastle, modest Yorkshireman'.
From the Vancouver Sun, Nov. 13th, 1.975: "Coos Bay, Oregon: The
largest Douglas fir in the United States was toppled in the storm that tore
through southwest Oregon Monday. Finnegan's Fir, recently listed with
*fche American Forestry Association's social register of big trees, was
blown over in winds that measured up to 1.45 miles an hour. The tree wes
named for Lance Finnegan, the bureau of land management employee who discovered it. It stood 302 feet high, was 4l feet in circumference and more
than 800 years old. It was located in the Burnt Mountain resource area
of Coos County. The nation's largest Douglas fir now becomes the previous
champion, Queets Fir in Washington's Olympic National Park. "
From the Vancouver Sun, July 26th, 1.975: "Thieves tako 2 hea "stcrios.
RCMP are searching for two headstones stolen from the historic Stanley
Cemetery at Barkerville Provincial Park. John Premischook, supervisor of
the park, said Friday that the headstones, one reporting the death of Josiah
Beedy (died 1.880) and John Peebles (died 1.899) were taken earlier this
month. Three other headstones stolen from the gravesites in June have
been recovered by the RCMP in Prince George after they were dumped on a
side road."
From the Vancouver Sun, July 26th, 1975: "B.C. government getting a
bargain in 19-acre Haig-Brown property. . The brief government press release
announcing that Victoria has bought Roderick Haig-Brown's 19-acre prop erty
here is only a fraction of the story. The land and the man who sold it are
a special part of B.C. The 19 acres slope gently to the swift-running
Campbell River and include an old farmhouse that is now a memory-filled
family home, an arboretum started nearly 40 years ago, a barn built by a
master carpenter, a library crammed with books and alily pond that the
government doesn't even know about yet. The man who sold it, 67-year-old
Haig-Brown, is probably Canada's most famous conservationist. His 24 books,
his 33 years as a provincial court magistrate and judge here, and his many
honors and appointments have made him a household word in B.C. And now the home he and his wife, Ann, have shared, protected, improved and loved since
1936, has become government property. But the Haig-Browns will stay there
for the rest of their lives.
In the June 1975 issue of the News in the Book Review section, Mr Kent
Haworth offered a prize for a question that was asked by him arising from
his review of Great Gold Fields of Cariboo, by Wm Hazlitt.. On page 22 he
invited membors to submit to him the name of the first prizewinner of
Governor Douglas' essay contest. Herewith is the letter from the winner,
Mr John Gibbard, "I think probably you are referring to British Columbia -
an Essay, by Rev. R.C. Lundin Brown, published in New Westminster by the
Royal Engineers Press inl.863. I know it was written for a competition by
the then rector or vicar of, I think, Lillooet. Some forty-odd years ago
I read a copy of it which a pupil of mine said his family had found in the
basement of an old house in Victoria which they had occupied for a time.
He offered to give it to me along with a copy of the Select Committee Report
on the Hudson's Bay Company, London, H.M.S.O. 1.857, acquired the same way.
I refused because I was sure neither he nor his family had any idea of
their value, either historical or monetary, but I did say I would buy them
when either they or I could be sure of a reasonable price was being offered
and accepted. Alas, the family disappeared from Vancouver shortly after
that and I failed to trace him any further. His name was Alex. Young."
**********
B.C. BOOKS OF INTEREST, by Frances Woodward.
AKRIGG, G.P.V., and Helen B. British Columbia chronicle, 1778-1.846;
adventures by sea and land. Vancouver, Discovery Press, 1975. 429 PP«,
illus. $1.4.95* (Ed.: Review of this book has been held up by mail strike.)
THE ARCHITECTURE OF ARTHUR ERICKSON, with text by the architect.' Montreal,
Tundra Books, 1975. 228pp., illus. $35.00.
BASSETT, Isabel. The parlour rebellion; profiles in the struggle for women's
rights. Toronto, McClelland & Stewart, 1.975. 223 PP«, illus. $1.0.00.
(Includes Ma Murray, Helen McGill, Nellie McClung, Martha Black )
BOOTH, Marion, ed., Bouchie Lake Women's Institute. Pioneers of Bouchie Lake...
historical compilation... Bouchie Lake, 1.975* 58 pp., illus. $3»25«
BRADLEY FAMILY. Historical outline of Seymour Arm 1860*4970. Revised edition.
Sicamous, The Bradleys, 1974. 24 pp., illus.
BRITISH COLUMBIA. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary. The handbook for craftspeople in B.C., expanded by ... Arts Information Service.... published by
Information Services, Dept. of Economic Development. Victoria, 1.975. 101 pp.
BRITISH COLUMBIA. Provincial Archives. Aural History Institute. Aural
History Institute of British Columbia; manual, by W.J. Langlois. Victoria,
1974. 52 pp.
BRITISH COLUMBIA. Dept. of Travel Irriustry. The' "Royal Hudson" North Vancouver
to Squamish excursion; an impact study* December 1.974. Victoria, 1975. 32 pp.
BRITISH COLUMBIA CHURCH DIRECTORY.' (religious and related"bodies) Burnaby,
Grenadier Pub. Co. Ltd. 1.975. 127 pp. illus.
BRYAN, Jack & Liz. Backroads of British Columbia. Vancouver, Sunflower Books,
1975* 160 pp., illus. $1.4.95*
CANADA. NATIONAL MUSEUMS OF CANADA. The Athapaskans: strangers of the North.
(Catalogue of ,an international travelling exhibition- "from the collection of
the National Museum of Man...) Ottawa, 1.974* 208 pp., illus. $5.00. 8
CANADA. National Museums of Canada. Bella Coola ceremony and art, by
Margaret A. Stott. (Canadian ethnology service paper no. 21) Ottawa,
1975. 153 pp., illus. $2.25.
CANADA. Public Archives of Canada. Into the silent land: survey photography
iri the Canadian west, 1.858-1900; a P.A.C. travelling exhibition by A.J.
Birr ell, Ottawa, 1.975. 50 pp., illus.
CAREY, Neil G. A guide book to the Queen Charlotte Islands. Anchorage,
Alaska Northwest Pub.Co.,. 1.975. 71 PP., illus. $2.95.
COX, Thomas R. Mills and markets: a history of the Pacific Coast lumber
industry to 1900. Seattle, Univ. of Wash. Press, 1974. 332 pp., illus. $17.50,
CURTIS, Edward S. Portraits from North American Indian life, with introduction
by A.D. Coleman and T.C.McLuhan. New York, A & W Visual Library, 1974.
176 pp., illus. $8.95.
FARROW, Moira. Nobody here but us. Vancouver, J.J.Douglas, 1975* 300 pp., illus.
$10.95.
FERGUSON, Ted. A white man's country; an exercise in Canadian prejudice.
Toronto, Doubleday, 1.975. 200 pp., $8.95. (Komagatu Maru incident.)
FORESTER, Joseph & Anne D. Fishing; British Columbia's commercial fishing
industry. Saanichton, Hancock House, 1975* 224 pp., illus. $1.4.95«
GOULD, Edwin. Logging; British Columbia's logging history. Saanichton,
Hancock House, 1975* 224 pp., illus. $1.4.95.
HARMON, Daniel Williams. A journal of voyages and travels in the interior of
North America between the  47th and 58th degree of North latitude...(New
York, Allerton Book Co., 1922) New York, AMS Press, 1.973. 382 pp.
HARKER, Peter. Gold rush in the Cariboo. Toronto, Ginn & Co. 1.974. 24 pp.
illuso
HARRIS, Christie. Sky man on the totem pole. '..Toronto, McClelland & Stewart,
1975. 167 PP., illus. $7.95.
HARRIS, Lorraine. Halfway to the goldfields; a history of Lillooet. Vancouver,
J.J. Douglas, 1975. 176 pp., illus. $10.95
HEATH, Charles, The Heath report on a survey of zoos iri the province of B.C.
Vancouver, B.C. Society for the Prevention of Cnuelty fo Animals. 1972, 26 pp,
HELMCKEN, John Sebastian. The reminiscences of Doctor John Sebastian Helmcken;
edited by Dorothy Blakey Smith. Vancouver, U.B.C. Press, 1975. 396 pp.,
illus, $1.8.95
HIRNSCHALL, Helmut. Eyes on the wilderness. Saanichton, Hancock RVise, 1975.
175 PP., illus. $7.95.
HUNT, William R. North of 53°: the wild days of the Alaska-Yukon mining
frontier, 1.870-1914. New York, Macmillan, 1974. 328 pp., illus. $12.95-
JUPPj, Ursula. From cordwood to campus iri Gordon Head, 1.852-1959. Victoria,
1975- 186 pp., illus. $8.95.
LIOY, Michele. Social trends in Greater' Vancouver: a study of a North
American metropolis. Vancouver, Gordon Soules Economic Research, 1975«
175 EP-4 illus. $8.95....
LOWER, J. Arthur. Canada on the Pacific rim. Toronto, McGraw-Hill Ryerson,
1975. 225 pp., illus. $4.95 paper; $8.95*
MACFIE, Matthew. Vancouver Island and British Columbia; their history,
resources and prospects. (London, I865) New York, Arno Press, 1973. 5?4 pp.,
illus. $28.00.
McGEACHIE, Pixie. Adventures in Canada; a book in English and French for
children. Vancouver, Cedar House, 1975* 52 pp., illus.
MacNEIL, Grant, comp. The I.W.A. in British Columbia. Vancouver,I.W.A.,
1971* 63 pp., illus.
MATHEWS., William H. Garibaldi geology; a popular guide to the geoiogy of the
Garibaldi Lake area. Vancouver, Geological Assoc of Canada, 1975* *+8 pp.,
illus, $3.00, MORTON, Harry, The wind commands; sailors and sailing ships on the Pacific
Vancouver, U.B.C. Press, 1.975. 498 pp., illus. $29.00.
NICOL, Eric There's a lot of it going around, Toronto, Doubleday. 1975.
179 pp., illus. $7.95.
OKANAGAN SMLKAMEEN PARKS SOCIETY. Is everything all right up there?
Summerland, 1.975. 29 pp., illus„ $2.00.
O'NEAH, Hazel. Doukhobor daze, 4th ed. Sidney, Gray, 1.974, 1.43 pp., illus.$1.95.
OUTDOOR CLUB OF VICTORIA TRAILS INFORMATION SOCIETY. Hiking trails 3: central!
and northern Island, including hiking routes of Strathcona Park, Victoria,
1975* 72 pp., iUus. $1.75*
PETHICK, Derek. First approaches to the Northwest coast. Vancouver, J.J.
Douglas, 1975* 268 pp.. illus. $1.2,59.
 Men of British Columbia. Saanichton, Hancock House, 1.975. 223 PP*,
illus, $1.4.9£.
PLETCHER, David M. The diplomacy of annexation: Texas, Oregon and the
Mexican war. Columbia, Univ, of Missouri Press, 1973« 656 pp., $20.00.
P0P0FF, Eli, Tanya. Grand Forks, B.C. Mir Pub. Soc 1.975. 276 pp., illus..^8,95,
PRESTON, Richard A, edr For friends at home; a Scottish emigrant's letters
from Canada, California, and the Cariboo, 1.844-1.864, Montreal, McGill-
Queen's Univ. Press, 1.974. 338 pp., illus. $1.2.C0.
RANKIN, Harry. Rankin's law; recollections of a radical. Vancouver, November
House, 1975. 250 pp. $7.95.
RICHMOND, Guy. Prison doctor; one man's story that must be told in Canada
today, Surrey, Nunaga Pub .Co., 1.975. 1.86 pp.
SHACKLET0N, Doris French, Tommy Douglas: (a biography), Toronto, McClelland
& Stewart, 1.975* 333 pp. $1.2.95.
SHEWCHUCK, Murphy. Fur, gold and opals; a guide to the Thompson River
Valleys. Saanichton, Hancock House, 1.975. 128 pp., illus, $3.-9§.
SOULES, Gordon, Readership study of forestry industry journals in British
Columbia. Vancouver, Gordon Soules Economic Research, 1969*12 pp. $4.00.
SPEARING, David N. Living on mountain slopes. Vancouver, J.J. Douglas, 1973*
48 pp., illus. $3.95.
STEWART, Dave. Okanagan backroads. Sidney, Saltaire Pub. 1.975' 2 v, illus.$3,95.
each, Vcl South central O&anagan. V.£. North Okanagan-Shuswap.
SPIEGEL* Ted. Western shores; Canada's Pacific coast. Toronto, McClelland
and Stewart, 1.975. 128 pp,„ illus, $22,50.
•",    - X   ..   --.-. '     v-
THRIFT, Henry T. Reminiscences. Surrey Museum Press, 1975. $2.00.
T0UCHIE, Rodger. Vancouver Island; portrait of a past. Vancouver, J.J. Douglas,
1975. 128 pp., illus, $7»95 paper; $1.2.95*
TRADE UNION RESEARCH BUREAU, VANCOUVER. The Mackenzie story: a study in the
history and development of a foresy. industry and town at Mackenzie, B.C.
Mackenzie, Citizens Committee of Mackenzie, 1.974. 62 pp,
URHAHN, Helmut J. Interim report on the physical and natural resources of the
U.B.C. Endowment lands; Vancouver. 1974- various pp. illus.
WATT, Robert D. and Alison J* To the county and beyond; a memoir of Alexander
Greer and his descendants. Vancouver, Authors, 1.975* 143 pp. illus. $1.0,00,
WEBBER,. Bert„ Retaliation; Japanese attack and allied counter measures en the
Pacific coast in World War II. Medford,Oregon State University Press, 1975*
1.84 pp., illus. $1.4.50.
WOOD, Daniel. Kids! Kids! Kids! and Vancouver. Vancouver, Fforbez Enterprises,
1975. 3l6pp., illus. $3.95.
W0CDALL, Ronald. Magnificent derelicts; a celebration of older buildings.
Vancouver, J.J.. Douglas, 1.975* 1-+3 PP*, illus. $29.95.
WRIGHT, Richard & Rochelle, Yellowhead mileposts; points of interest along a
famous road.Vol. 1 Route of the Overlanders: Winnipeg..to Kamloops.. Vancouver,
Mitchell Press, 1974, 251 pp., illus. $7.95. 10
HAND-BOOKS AND GUIDES FOR LOCAL SOCIETIES
An enquiry from the Campbell River Historical Society prompted us to
publish the following list of pamphlets, which might interest other
affiliates.
DEMPSEY, Hugh A. How to prepare a local history. Calgary, Gleribow-Alberta
Institute, I.968. Glenbow Archives Series No. 2. (Glenbow-Alberta
Institute, 9th Ave & 1st St. S.E., Calgary, Alberta. T2G OP3)
PARKER, Donald Dean. Local history; how to gather it, write it, and publish
it. New York. Social Science Research Council, 230 Park Ave,, New York,
N.Y. (1944)
So 2*ou want to write your community's history! Published by the Canadian
Confederation Centennial Committee of B.C. in co-operation with the
B.C. Provincial Archives. Victoria, 1.965*
The American Association for State and Local History published many
leaflets and books. A list may be obtained by writing to them at 1400
Eighth Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee 37203*   The B.C.H.A. is a
member of this association. Here are a few of their titles:
SILV3STR0, Clement M, Organizing a local historical society. (1968)
PLANNING TOURS. (Technical leaflet No, 25)
RECRUITING MEMBERS (Technical leaflet No. 37)
PLA.NNING A LOCAL MUSEUM (Tech, leaflet No. 78)
*************
REPORTS SFROM PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES
Archives News and Notes
The Provincial Archives of British Columbia has embarked upon a
major reorganization of its manuscript and public record collections.
Private manuscripts received since the beginning of this year are being
catalogued immediately :nder a new Additional Manuscript designation
and collections dispersed in the old catalogue will eventually be brought
together again and catalogued under the new Add.MSS. system. Public
records are being received regularly from government departments and
catalogued as they are accessioned.
Recent acquisitions of note include the John H. Mclllree Papers.
Mcllree was the sixth man to join the Royal Northwest Mounted Police upon
its creation in 1.873. The unit consists of three reels of microfilm
(A-530 - A-532) containing 29 volumes of diaries and not"  >oks spanning
tho yoars 1874-1910,
With tho cooporation of the B.C. Council of Women's Institutes the
Archives has accoptod Minute Boots, Cash Books, Membership lists and local
histories from several of tho Institute's Branches, covering the years
1911 to 1973,
Those interested in social history will be pleased to know that the
Archives has just received the minutes, secretary 's reports, and selected
correspondence of the Children's Aid Society, Friendly Help Association,
and Family and Children's Servicee incorporating the years 1902 to 1972. 1.1
The PABC has also received from a Victoria donor the James R.
Chamberlain collection (Add.liSS.266). The papers document the history of
the Chamberlain family, of Nova Scotia origins, and include material
dating back to 1.783. Although the collection contains little of interest
to students of B.C. history, it is a valuable source for genealogists.
Its acquisition reflects the Archives' concern to preserve material for
researchers in family histories.
Through the diffusion programme of the Public Archives of Canada,
the PABC has received two private collections of significance to all
Canadians interested in their history: the Laurier Papers and Macdonald
Papers, Both collections are on microfilm and finding aids have been
supplied with them. The Laurier Papers are on reels A-ll to A-228 and
the Macdonald Papers are on reels A28l. to A-529. The unpublished Sessional
Papers of the Federal Parliament have also been received on microfilm from
the Public Archives and are on reels B-7 to B-57.
The staff of the Provincial Archives have conducted several workshops
around the province during the year., Miss Frances Gundry, the head of
the Manuscript and Public Records Division, attended the B.C. Library
Association Convention in Prince George last May and spoke at a seminar
on local history collections in community libraries. In March, Mir Kent
Haworth spoke to groups in Creston, Cranbrook and Windermere on the
relationship of the Provincial Archives fo local archives. J. Robert
Davison and Leonard C. DeLozier of the Provincial Archives presented two
workshops as part of the programme of the B.C. Museum Association's 1.9th;
Annual Seminar held at Prince George, September 1.7-20. The workshops,
titled "Archives and the Community Museum", focused on some of the problems
confronted by local museums in tho care and collection of photographs,
manuscripts, and other historical records. Forty curators and museum
workers attended from throughout the province.
Mr Kent Haworth and Mr Terry Eastwood of the Manuscript and Fublic
Records Division attended a five week course on Archives Principles and
Administration sponsored by the Public Archives of Canada at Ottawa.
This brings to four the number of PABC staff who have attended and
successfully completed this diploma course.
Aural History News
A new style of historical writing has appeared in B.C. Steveston
Recollected: A Japanese-Canadian History (edited by Daphne Marlatt) is the
first B.C. book to utilize aural history as its basic methodology. It is
a study of the.role of the Japanese-Canadians in the development of B.C
through the words and thoughts of the Japanese-Canadians themselves. Aural
history gives the writer/historian access to the thoughts, feelings, and
life stories of the individuals whose lives are the very substance of history.
In this way, the hidden heritage of workers, women, cultural minorities, and
tlie unpowerful can be recorded. Aural history is extending the limits of
historical documentation.
Steveston Recollected (published by the Aural History Programme PABC)
was compiled by the well-known B.C. writer, Daphne Marlatt who has shown
the close relationship between aural history and literature. The modern
photographs of Rex Weyler and Robert Minden and the historic photographs
of F. Dundas Todd and Philip Timms provide dozens of fine illustrations.
This unusual history book provides an intimate view of Steveston and the
Japanese-Canadians through their real voices.
The Second Canadian Oral History Conference was held on October 4 & 5
in St. John's, Newfoundland. Dr Janet Caruthers and Derek Reimer, from the 1.2
Aural History Programme (PABC) and Sue Baptie, Historian and Archivist
of British Columbia Forest Products, presented papers.
Allen Specht, from the Aural History Programme (PABC) was one of
three delegates at the Tenth National Colloquim on Oral History held in
Ashville, North  Carolina, October 24-26, 1975. One highlight was the
evidence of world wide expansion in the use of oral history. Next year's
meeting will be held in Montebello, P.Q,, in cc njunction with the
Canadian meeting.
************
NEVER TAKE NO FOR AN ANS1ER; the fight for Haslam Hall
by Pamela Mar, Nanaimo Hist. Soc
Since our first attempt in 1.974 to save Haslam Hall we have realised
how blindly we entered the fray, not knowing the best avenues to follow.
In the hope that our experiences may help others who also find themselves
with property in need of preservation, we felt it would be a good idea to
share them. Perhaps other groups will also hav*- stories to share which
will ;help us, as we are not yet at the end of the road.
The Haslam House has stood in Nanaimo since the early 1.890's when
Andrew Haslam, millowner and later Mayor of the city built it as a family
home. Its fortunes, like those of the Haslam family, fluctuated, but in
its early years it was the scene of many social gatherings. When Haslam
was representing the City first in the Provincial and later in the Federal
legislature, it must have seen a number of interesting and well known figures,
Mrs Haslam was a lady of talent and her paintings, though hidden at present,
decorate some of the ceilings in the house.
After the Haslam fortunes were at a low ebb and the family moved from
Nanaimo, the house changed hands more than once. In the 1.940's it had
fallen into a sorry state and the then owners applied for Government aid
to refurbish it and turn it into an apartment house.
In this fashion it has stayed and until 1.974 all was comparatively
quiet. Early that year, at a business meeting of the Nanaimo Historical
Society, a member sought firm news of the house, reputed to be changing
hands for the second time in a few months for speculation and for replacement
with a large apartment building. A month later we were no further forward
in our knowledge - but could something be done to rouse public interest
and try to preserve the house?
Two articles on the house and family were written and published in the
local paper and application was made to City Conncil to see if the house
could be preserved. The BCHA Conference was asked urgently for their support
and came up trumps with letters sent to several important bodies. City
Council was most sympathetic and took steps to name the house and two other
buildings in Nanaimo as heritage sites. Could it really be this easy? Had
so little work gained us the first heritage buildings in Nanaimo? We were
dubious - and rightly so.
The new owners, property developers, had been abroad and came back to
the news of the heritage designation. Immediately they made contact with
the City and the Historical Society and our representatives met with them. It
was a friendly but firm meeting. Their site was valuable to them as development land, not as an historical monument, though they were well aware of its
intrinsic value to a City like Nanaimo. We agreed. Would we or the City 13
like the house as a gift - provided we moved it and they would help with
the cost? We declined. Haslam House had much to recommend it in situ -
move it (even if it were possible) and much would be lost. We countered
with suggestions for incorporating the house into their planned structure
or having them turn it into a centre of some kind for Nanaimo's benefit
while they developed the land alongside which they also owned. We parted
disagreed but not disagreeable.
Since an obvious problem from our standpoint would be finance if the
house had to be purchased to save it, application had been made to the
Federal and Provincial Governments for a heritage designation. If given,
they might provide the funds we lacked. For moral support Heritage Canada
might take up the cause. In this latter we were to be disappointed initially.
. "The Nanaimo Historical Society was not a member." However, after some pressure
was brought to bear, their position was reversed and they gave us their rupport.
Heritage Canada were not the only ones to reverse a decision. In July
the developers appeared before City Council asking that in fairness to themselves the heritage designation should be removed. Alternatively.- Council
should buy the property. The Historical Society had been joined by this
time by other interested bodies and individuals in the City. A counter case
was put on the group's behalf but the City felt it could not afford to buy the
house for a figure being bandied around of $250,000. They, agreed to ask
Victoria to hold up final signing of the heritage designation ruling.
We had tested and continued to test public opinion on wih^her the house
should be preserved. There was no trouble in getting signatures, but much
surprise that the house was still endangered. Surely the papers had said
it was saved? This early news story was perhaps our hardest stumbling
block and a reason for the apparent complacency or apathy in the City.
Time was moving on. First the Provincial and then the Federal agencies
came to look. On the whole they were sympathetic but not very hopeful, a
state of affairs- borne out in their final reports. We had tried to show them
that we had little else of a comparable nature in Nanaimo, even though the
rest of Canada might possess houses of equal or greater architectural merit.
One of the Haslam granddaughters had seen a brief television report on the
house and was able to produce an original photo. Although the 1.940's had mado
several interior changes the outside was easily recognisable as a not-too-
altered 1.890's house, and this gave us heart for its preservation.
By fall all parties were getting impatient. We had prodded City Council
several times concerning the house and in November met with them in informal
session to make a last attempt to get a favourable decision before the new
enlarged City Council took office in 1975« We had been lucky to enlist
architectural help and advice and the Christ Church Cathedral situation in
Vancouver was giving us cause to think deeper on the preservation issue. For
the last time, sympathetic as ever, they turned us down.
The new Council were, if anything, even less in favour. We appeared with
regularity asking for a stay of execution to their abandoning the Heritate By
law completely. Our arguments were based on information from Carolyn Smiley of
the Hallmark Society, who was very helpful to us, on an overall plan for the
area around the house and on the democratic stand that the people of Nanaimo
should be given a chance to vote on the future retention of the house.
At last the developer, the City and ourselves again stood in triangle
discussion and argument. We had held the walls for almost a year but they
were to be breached. The City ultimately, and probably thankfully, tossed
out the Heritage By-law, and freed the developer to go ahead with his plans 1.4
for an apartment building on the site.
This was not the time to cry. It was the time for work to start again.
A new avenue had to be found. We decided that we must look for an "angel".
This became even more pressing when a "For Sale" sign appeared on Haslam Hall!
A brief was prepared so that it could be presented to a large concern who might
be persuaded to finance the purchase of the house, alone or in consortium.
Our arguments emphasised the prestige and possible financial advantages of
their doing so, which were more relevant in this context.
As it happened that brief was not delivered. Just before we sent it a cal]
came from the developer asking to meet us. His first words were "I have given
serious consideration to your arguments... and I think we may have a solution
you will find more acceptable". The gist was that the house would be allowed t<
stand - possibly moved a few feet on its own property. The adjacent lots to
be developed, with City permission, on a greater density basis, and the house
ultimately restored at the developer's expense.   Its use would be agreed on
with ourselves, but hopefully it should be self-supporting. Our co-operation
was needed, not our opposition, as CMHC funds and other financing were involved
We agreed to co-operate on the basis of a verbal outline and a pencilled
sketch of the development. The first formal plans we saw were less to our
liking than the verbal outline had bean, but other, more detailed plans are
being worked out to conform with changing City restrictions. We have yet to
see these. Both sides have spoken in concert before City Council to smooth the
way, but to ensure that we are not regarded as being completely acquiescent in
all that {$>es on, we have brought up the desiasability of having a land use
contract to protect the site for the future. This may come about in time.
We have gained more than just valuable experience from our first essay int<
preservation. We have learned whom to approach and where to turn for aid. We
have had much wise counselling and have been instrumental in having the City
set up its own Heritage Advisory Committee - something all areas should do. Th:
is now beginning to act as a watchdog over other property in the City. It is
important that it should be divorced in the Council's mind just from the Haslam
Hall question with which it was initiallyvconcerned. We were lucky to have the
support of our local Press, but were disappointed that our citizens were not
more vociferous in their support for the project.
In looking at a piece of pproperty from a heritage and future use point
of view, it has to be borne in mind that the most obvious use may not in fact
be feasible because of zoning and fire regulations, etc., which cannot always
be altered to suit one's desires. So sometimes.a less viable alternative must
be accepted. If a building is to show a good financial return there is sense
in having a real estate company look at its potential.
There were several avenues we left untried, particularly the raising of
funds through local service clubs. The sum involved was very high and if we
did not achieve it money would have had to be returned, a difficult process if
there are anonymous donations. Government funds might or might not have been
forthcoming if we had had money in hand, certainly municipal funds were unlikel;
We are still touching wood on what the future holds but we must accept the
developer's intention in good faith. We are more than anxious that the House
should pay its way. It can then be a model for others who can be persuaded int
saving other precious pieces of property. We were lucky that the developer
ultimately changed his mind, but had we not persisted the house would have gone
months ago. Perhaps the best piece of advice of all that we were given was tha
it is never too early to look into saving a piece of property: it is too late
when you have to lie down in front of a bulldozer.
************* 15
BOOK REVIEWS
AND SO THEY CAME TO COWICHAN, by Margaret W. Bishop. Victoria, Robinson
Press, 1975. 33 pp., illus. .
HORSEFLY ... ITS EARLY HISTORY 1.859-1915, Horsefly, B.C., Horsefly
His-torical Society, 1975. 28 pp., illus.
These two publications fall into the genre of what the reader may
think of as "pamphlet histories". Both reproduce the same sort of long
hoarded, treasured, time-faded photos. They print to yet paler contrast
the family gatherings, the triumphs, at work or sport, with grandparents,
workmates, dogs and children alike recalled as family members. The written
material shows, in both, a laudable regard for such literally factual
truths as can be dredged up from old records and from aging recollections:
dates of arrivals, of births, of beginnings of farms and mine workings,
names from tho family and district hierarchies.
The starting points are different indeed.
Margaret Bishop's And So they came to Cowichan is a family chronicla.
A Scottish immigrant family and Welsh brothers reached Vancouver Island
in the  1.860's and 70's respectively. Fusing to produce fresh generations,
they astound us by their energy. Before the advent of crosscut saws,, a
right-handed, paired with a left-handed axeman, working on springboards,
chopped and felled four giant firs or cedars a day. James Evans, single-
handed, split 7,000 shakes for the church roof. Mother milked nine cows,
made butter and cheese, produced a flock of children whilst also responsible
for a flock of poultry and the kitchen garden. She made suits for boys,
as well as dresses for girls, and found leisure to produce tatted or
crocheted edgings for successive babies' garments, not to mention "hair
work" pictures from the family's shorn locks. The mind boggles at such
vitality. Songs cheered the day's work. An agricultural society was
founded, roads gazetted and straightened, prize wheat grown. When a man
was killed by a bull, one needs must row from Cowichan to Brentwood Bay,
then walk the length of the Saanich peninsula to Victoria, to advise his
family of their loss.
There was fun as well as sorrow to chronicle . . . the dusky evening
the family pig was shot in mistake for a deer; the school socials,
brothers who drove girls to distant dances.
The 33 pages of fine print leave a record of solidly held values,
adhered to with warmth and conviction, as opposed to sterile rigidity,
*n Horsefly the local Historical Society thanks all who shared "their
colourful memories'' of the district, and does not credit any editorial
centrifugal force. Twelve charter members in 1.970 increased to 42 by 1971,
opened a museum in August 1973 and produced this history in May 1975« In
addition to reproduced old photos, written material is enlivened by sketches,
maps and drawings of original townsite house, mine and mill locations -
not to mention a photo of the formal invitation to the 1.898 bachelors'
ball at the 1.50-mile House.
The first page establishes that the first gold found in the Cariboo
was taken in the Horsefly River in 1.859. From there we are led through a
chronicle of mining and some of the folk tales of the time: "a boiling 1.6
kettle on the stove would have its handle coated in frost" .... "there
was a continual poker game going in Horsefly in the 90-s" ... "drowned in
the river" ... "killed in the mineshaft"  "Sometimes Harry carried the
bullion by packhorse on the 1.08 road, while the stage that supposedly
carried the gold had an armed guard and Went atya different time".... "The
store bought miners' gold, trappers' furs and shipped goods to the mines",
(We are not here in the lush Cowichan Valley!) .... but yet in 1.896
a locket of the local gold was presented "to Minnie Hazel Walters, First
white child born in Horsefly, B.C." There was Alex, who "fixed himself
a wooden leg or peg leg and on this he courted Matilda". '(Mr Wawn homesteaded
in several places, taking his cabin with him each time . , first dismantling
and -then reconstructing it on the same site".
So these delightful nuggets of particular recollections are imbedded
in the bedrock of martialled facts. It is the little local histories which
get us closest to the humanity of the pioneer fact. Whether an individual
reproducing family background, or a group mining the memories of a district,
we are indebted to these chroniclers.
Clare McAllister
Mrs McAllister is a member of the Gulf Islands Dranch.
FROM CORDWOOD TO CAMPUS IN GORDON HEAD: 1.852-1959, by Ursula Jupp. Victoria,
Printed by Morriss Printing Company for the author. 1.975* 1.86 pp., illus.
$8.95*
Ursula Jupp, a resident of Gordon Head since 1912, has written a book
that will be of particular interest to people of Victoria and to many
others concerned with the early history of Vancouver Island. In a
leisurely style somewhat reminiscent of Gray's Elegy written in a Country
Churchyard, Mrs Jupp evokes former times and people who had populated
the area through the century. To do this, she treats one region at a
time from the arrival of its first settlers to the district it has become
today with its university campus and its network of streets and roads.
The early stories take up by far the greater portion of the book and they
are the best. The first school began in 1.861 with Mrs Henry King contributing two hours a day to teach the neighbourhood boys (not the girls).
From her one book, the Bible, they learned to spell small words and to sing
holy songs. After two years of this slender fare, a salaried teacher was
hired for j?30 per annum. There is the record of that lovely, lonely
bachelor who was invited to join the Ladies' Aid Society, which he did.
The day was long in the home and in the fields. Wives made their own
soap, their own vinegar, and candied prunes and oranges. Teenagers' lives
were taken up going to distant schools so the dances and concerts of the
weekend which interrupted this pattern were greatly relished. In the school
house Mr Fitz would play his fiddle and call the square dances from 8 p.m.
to 3 a.m. When it was all over he would walk back to Victoria the way
he had come - all for $4 a night. It was in these earlies*- days too that
Indian visitors in their forty-foot canoes were a frequent sight.
This period of land clear-fig and hardship, gave way in the 1.890's to
the  strawberry and flower gardening that made Gordon Head famous across
Canada for the next few decades. Then in the 1.920's a new kind of settler 17
moved into the area - individuals not dependent on the land for their
livelihood - retired businessmen, pensioners like Nellie McClung, or
affluent Victorians who built summer homes down Arbutus Road.
World 'War II brought the army camp. A final change was the purchase of
the first land for Victoria College in 1.959, which was gradually increased
to the 380 acres of the university's campus today.
The book is filled with names of the past that are now familiar streets,
with accounts of schools and local associations. Mrs Jupp has combed newspapers and early accounts, has talked with many old-timers to amass the
detail that brings this local history to life. The print is excellent;
the book is well illustrated and of clear design. Particularly useful
are the end sheets comprising a lot plan of 1.859 at the front, then at the
end of -the book this same plan overlaid with a 1.975 road map of the region.
Though it is to be regretted that there is no bibliography, the footnotes
are plentiful and there is an excellent proper-name index. It was an
added pleasure, in this day of careless editing, to find not a single
typographical error in the whole book.
Helen Gray
Mrs Gray, a member of the Vancouver Historical Society, is a librarian at
Simon Fraser University.
THE DUKES: THE STORY OF THE MEN WHO HAVE SERVED IN PEACE AND WAR WITH
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA REGIMENT (D.C.O.) 1.883-1973, by Douglas E. Harker.
Vancouver, B.C. Regiment, 1.974. 438 pp., illus. $1.0.50.
Military histories are very often dull, rather confusing chronologies
of battles and changes of command. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why
there are so few histories of Canadian regiments. Of these, only about a
half dozen are of British Columbia regiments.
The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own), popularly
known as "The Dukes", can trace its history back indirectly to Colonel
Moody's Royal Engineers, who came in 1.858 with the birth of the crown colony
of British Columbia, and disbanded in I.863, leaving many men as settlers and
founders of ..the pioneer militia groups including the Seymour Artillery in
' New Westminster in 1.866, from which The Dukes are descended. Major Harker,
who served many years with the Regiment,' including active service during
World War II, tells its story from the founding of the Colony to 1.973 and
intersperses it with vignettes of some 38 officers, including names of
national prominence. As the Regiment is. Vancouver's pioneer corps, its
story is also the story of Vancouver.
This is a very readable book, with interesting photographs placed
appropriately with the text. Unfortunately, there is no list of illustrations,
and the source of individual pictures is not given. In fact, there are no
footnotes, and the sources given in the aaknowledgements and bibliography
are incomplete and misleading; for example, newspaper clippings, periodical
articles, such as R.H. Roy's "Early militia and defence in British Columbia
I.871-I885" from the B.C. Historical Quarterly in 1954, books and theses,
such as Silverman's M.A. thesis written at the University of B.C. in 1.956-
The illustrations do not include maps, which would have been helpful in
following the Regiment's movements in major military campaigns, such as
Ypres. No military history should be without maps, which are so vital to 1.8
successful military operations. There are a few troublesome typographical
errors and changes in tense, such as in the third paragraph on page 265.
Major Harker has had the use of many personal diaries and letters (which
one hopes will be preserved somewhere for future historians) among other
sources to assist him. Excerpts from old diaries are generally well-used,
and help bring the "people and events to life. It is unfortunate that
more accurate information could not have been used for the first chapters.
In the first paragraph he has reduced the four groups of Moody's detachment
of Royal Engineers to two, and has confused them with the Engineers of the
North American Boundary Commission who arrived July 1.2, I.858 (not J_.y 1.8),
The first of Moody's men arrived October 29, I.858, and the last nearly a
year later, on June 27, 1.859* Chapter 2 begins with the story of Lt.Col.
Wolfenden, who joined the Royal Engineers in 1855,  and was one of the first
volunteers for Moody's detachment in I.858. The newspaper, The Emigrant
Soldier's Gazette and Cape Horn Chronicle (one title, not two) was edited
by two officers en route in the Thames City, 1.858-1.859, and was printed by
Wolfenden as King's Printer in 1907.
Much of the story is of the non-military activities of the Regiment,
which are too often forgotten by the public, who view anything connected
with the military, including the Legion, as war-mongering. Many "human
interest" stories have come out of wars. In December 19l6 the Regiment
took time out to help the citizens of Bruay fight a flood. In 1948 they
fought a major flood at home in the Fraser Valley. In World War I the
Commanding Officer of the Reginent as part of the 7th Battalion Canadian
Expeditionary Force, produced a newspaper, the famous Listening Post.
Like people, few books are perfect, and I would recommend this book
to anyone interested in the history and people of British Columbia.
Frances Woodward
Miss Woodward, a member of the Vancouver Historical Society, is a
librarian at the University of B.C.
EAST KOOTENAY SAGA, by David Scott and Edna H. Hanic New Westminster,
Nunaga Publishing, 1974. 1.28 pp., illus. $4.95.
No comprehensive history of British Columbia's Kootenay district
yet exists, although Clara Graham's trilogy (Fur and Gold in the Kootenays,
1945; This was the Kootenay, 1963; and Kootenay Mosaic, 1.971) have
publicized much of the region's interesting historical past. No other
published accounts of the Kootenay area as a whole are in print, although
local histories of individual towns in the region have appeared during recent
years. One of these, Nelson: Queen City of the Kootenays, by David Scott
and Edna Hanic, appeared in 1.972. Dealing as it did with one of the area's
most important centres, and one whose history had never before been published,
the Nelson book filled an important gap in B.C. history.
Another book by Scott and Hanic has recently appeared, this one entitled
East Kootenay Saga. At first glance one might expect the volume to cover
the history of half the Kootenay region, but unfortunately such expectations
are destined to meet with disappointment. Like Clara Graham's books, East
Kootenay Saga highlights some of the most colourful events in the region's
past - and very little else. Each chapter deals with a different period,
place, and cast, with little continuity or thematic cohesion for the book as
a whole. Even more unfortunately, much of the book's content will be 19
familiar to those who already know Clara Graham's works. (It is not surprising; the best known stories about the best known figures are usually
recounted most frequently; witness Gassy Jack or Bill liner!)
The Kootenay District (or even just the East Kootenay) like British
Columbia as a whole, sprawls across a considerable distance, its communities
scattered about at distant points. The Cranbrook merchant may have closer
ties with Nelson or Penticton than with Fernie or Natal, even though the
latter two, like his own town, are within the East Kootenays. And so it has
always been. Throughout their history, vast regions like the Kootenays and
Cariboo (each of which is roughly half the size of England!) have had very
loose regional ties. Yet similarities there are - similar environments,
resources, histories, even a sharing of the same famous pioneers - which
give such regions an individuality, a personality, a something not quite
definable that both residents and visitors are aware of, but cannot quite
put into so many words.
Such a feeling for the East Kootenays is, sadly, lacking from East
Kootenay Saga. Each of the events described could equally well have happened
in a different part of B.C. or a different province of Canada. The reader
gets no sense of what the East Kootenays are, or were, as a whole - just a
catalogue of place names, a little information about some, a lot about others.
Historically, the emphasis in East Kootenay Saga is on the early days,
the pre-1.890 years, with accounts from the gold rushes, the Mounted Police,
the Indians, and the settlers. The years after 1.890, when the Kootenays
entered their heyday, with mines and railroads opening in rapid succession
for a couple of dizzy decades, get relatively brief treatment, Ther^ is
practically no mention of the changes and developments of the 20th century,
except for brief descriptions of some of the communities today,    But this
is a common failing, for local historians usually concentrate on the earliest
people and events, ignoring those of later periods. Yet - if we are to
learn lessons from the past, are they net more likely to be observed from our
grandparents, after towns had been established, than from the days of the
r'aw frontier?
Despite its shortcomings, East Kootenay Saga makes several significant
contributions to the literature of the region. Its sixteen pages of photographs, many never before published, are of considerable interest. Its nine
maps are all of value. (Frequently omitted in local histories., maps are
essential in giving readers from outside a region any kind of understanding
of an area.) Another asset is the book's well detailed index, surely a contribution of co-author, Edna Hanic, librarian trained and obviously aware
of the needs of students and researchers. The book also features a comprehensive bibliography - a real boon to anyone seiiously interested in Kootenay
history. The. book has obviously been carefully researched and the authors
must have encountered farirore material than they could use in this relatively
short book. If only they had waited, to produce a more detailed, more, complete
history of the region, making use of much more of the information they hadt
All in all. East Kootenay Saga is an excitingly written and readable book.
It proves that history (even in book form) does not have to be dull. Had it been
the first book published on the Kootenay region, it would have been a significant
achievement. As it is. It provides an alternate, introduction to the area's
history. One day, perhaps, we shall see a comprehensive account of development in
this, and other B.C. regions, from the earliest times to the present, told in an
equally readable, equally well-illustrated, and equally researched manner.
Ron Meyer
Mr Meyer, member of Vancouver Hist.Soc is Geography Instructor, Vancouver
Community College. 20
CARIBOO: THE NEWLY DISCOVERED GOLD FIELDS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA . . . by a
returned digger . . . Fairfield, Washington, Ye Galleon Press, 1975.
76 pp. $6.00.
FOR FRIENDS AT HOME: A SCOTTISH EMIGRANT'S LETTERS FROM CANADA, CALIFORNIA
AND THE CARIBOO 1.844-1.864, ed. by R.A. Preston. Montreal and London,
McGill-Queen's University Press, 1.974. 338 pp., illus. $1.2.00.
-Cariboo: the newly discovered gold fields of British Columbia is a
reprint of one of -the many guides to the colony which were published in
London in 1.862. The news of the Cariboo gold discoveries created a ready
market for .such publications and some writers apparently succumbed to the
temptation of producing guides without bothering to visit the colony first -
drawing their information instead from sources already available in London,
such as Donald Fraser's letters to the London Times.
If the "returned digger" was in British Columbia from the spring until
the fall of I.86I, as he claims, he gives no sign of it in his text. The
first two chapters, which purport to be a description of his experiences as
a miner and of conditions in the colony, consist of warnings against the
dangers of drink and gambling, and of a general, and often misleading account
of tht) colony - the interior of which is said to possess "no excesses of
temperature, no excessive rains, no droughts, and a good and easily reached
seaboard". The remainder of the book is made up of descriptions of routes
of travel, lists of equipment needed, and shipping, mining and land regulations.
The information is interesting, but much of it can be found in W.C. Hazlitt's
The great gold fields of British Columbia, also published in 1.862, which has
already been reprinted.
The soyle is amusing, and curiously American, in tone for a writer who
claims to have been born in England. The "returned digger" says that he
"worked and lived temperately and . . . got a decent small fortune", and
remarks that "nothing so pulls a man back at gold digging as spirits", and
"starvation makes a man look about him". However, the humour soon palls in
the absence of one sentence of authentic detail. The book is most interesting
as an example of the sort of misleading accounts circulated in London which
were cursed by miners who found that they could not, as the "successful digger"
writing in the same year, suggested, "dig gold along the banks of che river"
as they proceeded towards Cariboo, "thus compensating for idle time",
For friends at home describes the experiences of someone who actually
did go to Cariboo in 1.862, and who found, in place of the "returned digger's"
"rich teeming earth . . . and gold as plentiful as hard words in an English
workhouse", "mosquitos and bad water . . . bad roads and poor society". James
Thomson emigrated to Canada from Scotland in 1.844 and practised his trade
as a baker in Montreal for a year before settling in Edwardsburgh, on the St.
Lawrence River near Cardinal. He left Edwardsburgh twice, first from 1.849-1852,
to work in Chicago and travel overland to the California gold fields, and again
in 1.862, to try his luck in Cariboo. The book consists of letters Thomson
wrote to his family in Scotland from 1.844 to I.856, and of letters to his wife
and c diary describing his journey to .Cariboo in 1.862 via the Isthmus of
Panama. The material is deposited at Queen's University and has not before
been published.
Thomson left Chicago in the belief that "the best thing a young man with
two or three hundred dollars can do is to go to California. No doubt hundreds
who go there will be disappointed, still there is a better chance of success
in going there than by embarking in any sort of business with the same amount 21
of capital". His reasons for going to the Cariboo were much the same, though
less vigorously expressed. As he wrote to his wife, "we were poor ... and
you had to deny yourself many of the comforts of life -.that a little money
would have secured". With his partners, "the Port Elgin boys", he took up
two claims on Williams Creek on July 7th and abandoned them on July 1.1th after
striking bedrock at four feet. He worked in the colony as a sawyer at
Woodward's ranch near Williams Lake, and for Thomas Spence, the road contractor,
until November, when he returned home probably poorer than when he left.
This is a pleasantly written account of the author's daily activities,
most interesting for its sections on Ontario and California. The description
of the journey to Cariboo occupies only the last seventy pages of the book. It
does provide yet another example of failure to make a fortune at the diggings,
but for the most part it consists of bare statements of fact - places visited,
jobs obtained, money made. Many more detailed and descriptive journals are
already available. The editor's contribution consists of an introduction in
which he expands on the historical background of the events in which Thomson
participated. It is useful, but no more than adequate, and the section on
"The Cariboo" contains many careless mistakes and misspellings.
Frances Gundry
Miss Gundry, a member of the Victoria Branch, is an archivist in the Provincial
Archives of B.C.
THE PRINCESS SIORY; A CENTURY AND A HALF OF WEST COAST SHIPPING, By Norman
R. Hacking and W. Kaye Lamb. Vancouver, Mitchell Press, 1.975* 360 pp.,
illus. $9*75*
The combination of newsman Norman B. Hacking's history from 1.827 to
1.901 and the historian-archivist W.. Kaye Lamb's account from 1.901 %o 1.974 uner
under one cover is an excellent idea and will appeal to seafarers and historians
of the Pacific Northwest on both sides of the international boundary. Had
they been preceded by a summary narration of the early maritime fur trade on
the Northwest Coast in the late eighteenth century and the early nineteenth,
the trilogy would have been complete, but perhaps that earlier period may be
added later in another edition.
Of particular interest to the reader unfamiliar with the Canadian maritime
history is Hacking's tracing of the relationships of the venerable Hudson's
Bay Company, the Pacific Navigation Company, and the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Also, portions of his narrative, especially at the beginning, are examples
of lucid historical writing at its best. In other sections, however, this
reviewer became somewhat confused by the wealth of detail submitted without
establishing for the reader a connection with a basic cohesive theme. Perhaps
more of .this material could have been omitted from the text and noted in the
Appendix.
With the introduction of personalities such as Captains William Irving,
John Irving, and William Moore, an easily followed and most interesting pattern
of intense competition is developed and is good reading indeed. The section
on the Fraser River traffic and the Klondike Gold Rush were excellently done,
and his comment on the loyalty of Victoria to the ailing Canadian Pacific
Navigation Co. in the concluding pages of Part I make for an easy transition
to Lamb's Part II, which covers the period 1901-1974. 22
Lamb's Part II is excellent historical writing, comprehensive and fast-
paced in spite of his meticulous attention to details of ship dimensions and
speeds. Competition on the Vancouver, Seattle and Victoria run are described
with zest, and Lamb's comments on the influence of the automobile on Canadian
coastal shipping are most interesting and seem to make good sense. Excellent,
too, is his narration of the role of the Princess ships in World War II.
For this reviewer, as for many other residents of Alaska and Puget Sound,
the Princess ships will be remembered for a particular reason, one which
Lamb describes on p. 272. Regrettably, back in the 1930's at least, the
Princess ships were superior to the American ships on the Southeastern Alaska
run. They were faster, and by reputation, superior in passenger comfort and
service.
But especially frustrating to passengers on the American ships such as
the old Admiral Watson and Admiral Evans was the way the Princess ships were
navigated in the dehse fjogs in the sounds, straits and narrows of the Inside
Passage. As the old Watson or Evans, for example, cautiously ran at slow
speed or stopped entirely and their frustrated passengers muttered and
cursed at the delay, the Princess ships passed by, invisible, whistles
blowing, full speed ahead and right on course.
There is good history well told in The Princess Story, and nostalgia
too, for Canadians and Americans alike.
Robert A. Stearns.
Dr Stearns is a Californian educator, interested in the history of B.C.
**********
CHAMPNESS. To CAriboo and Back in 1.862.
There are still copies available to our members, of this book published in
memory of Gordon Bowes in 1.974. Copies may be obtained for $10, postage
paid, from the Editor, Mr P.A. Yandle, 3450 West 20th Avenue, Vancouver,
V6S 1.E4.
************
NOTE: The new Secretary of the Association is Miss Jill Rowland,
4800 Arbutus Street, Vancouver, B.C. Please send all secretarial
correspondence to her.
Information for the News, of course, should still be submitted to
the Editor, Mr P.A. Yandle, 3450 West 20th Avenue, Vancouver V6S 1.E4.
Deadlines for submissions: the 1.0th of February, April, June and November.
********** 23
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
OUR FIRST FIFTY YEARS
(Being the Text of the President's Address, given by Robin Brammall,
May 26th, 1972 at the Annual Convention in Port Alberni)
This p ast ten to fifteen years we have had a surfeit of historical
anniversaries, centennials and the like. All of us are without a doubt a
little weary of them all. However, one anniversary we should not fail to
recognize is our own fiftieth golden anniversary as an organization.
■ I have long been intrigued by the reason for the organization of our
Association on October 31st, 1922. The first minute book of our Association
in the Provincial Archives describes the founding meeting in the Provincial
Library. John Forsyth, the Provincial Librarian and the first Secretary of
the Association, describes the reasons for founding our Association in the
First Annual Report and Proceedings for the year ended October 1.1th, 1.923:
It was found that many local societies were taking some interest
in historical matters relating to the Province but with the various
activities of these bodies they could not be expected to fill the
place of an historical society. Moreover, there would always be to
some extent duplication of effort. To obviate this it was considered
advisable to form a Provincial Association, with which all societies
interested in historical work could affiliate and thus co-ordinate
the work. Accordingly a public meeting was held in the Archives
Department on Tuesday, October 31st, 1.922, when it was decided to
form a British Columbia Historical Association, which would act as
an auxiliary to the Provincial Archives Department.
First Annual Report and Proceedings for the
year ended Oct. 1.1th, 1.923, page 1.4.
The original objects of our Association as set forth in 1.922 were
retained with minor changes when we incorporated under the "Societies Act"
on March 2nd, 1.927 and the objects continue to this day without further
change. I feel it is important to remember our succinct objects which are
as follows:
To encourage historical research and stimulate public interest in
British Columbia history; to promote the preservation and marking of
historical sites, relics, natural features and other objects and places
of historical interest and to publish historical sketches, studies
and documents.
We may well ask how have we fulfilled these objects over the years?
Or, indeed what have we accomplished? What are we now doing? Where are
we going in our next fifty years?
Our history over the past fifty years breaks down into three distinct
periods - the period up to 1.936 and the birth of the B.C. Historical Quarterly,
the period of the Quarterly from 1.937 to the late 1.950's and early 1.960's
which witnessed the lamentable death throes of the Quarterly and almost our
Association, and finally the last ten year period of regeneration. 24
During the first period to 1.936, the membership of the Association
was largely centred in Victoria and its activities were closely linked with
the Archives and the Provincial Library. Although the activities of the
Association were thus closely centred in Victoria, and the officers of the
Association were particularly connected with the Archives and the Provincial
Library, a surprisingly one-third of the eighty-two membership in 1923 lived
outside the Victoria area (twenty-eight out of eighty-two) and slightly less
than one-third of the fifty-four membership in 1929 lived outside the Victoria
area (fifteen out of fifty-four).
Historical papers were presented by members and outsiders, annual field
trips were organized, and commencing about 1.927 an annual Blanshard Day
Dinner was held to celebrate the arrival of Governor Blanshard on March 1.1th,
1.850. The Blanshard Day .Dinner was inspired originally by Mr Justice Martin
in 1.926 in a very lengthy submission in the form of a resolution to the
Association respecting the "Birthday of British Columbia" which avidly
supported the date of the arrival of Blanshard as being the true and
unequivocal birthday of the Province of British Columbia. Judge Howay, the
President of the Association, equally strenuously supported the November
19th, 1858 date. Despite the great difference of opinion between Martin and
Judge Howajr, who resigned because of the dispute as first President of our
Association after a three year term, the Blanshard Day Dinners were extremely
successful and carried on regularly from 1.926 or 1927 to the early 1.940's.
A number of the dinners were held at Government House and in 1940 there was
a particularly memorable evening with a historical sketch being presented
with the help of the Victoria Little Theatre. Unfortunately, the Planshard
celebrations seemingly tapered off about the time of the death of Mr Justice
Martin in 1941, and Howay was finally vindicated with the official acceptance
of the November 1.9th, 1.958 date by our present Government.
Judge Howay was of course the local representative on the Federal
Historic:Sites &nd Monuments Board of Canada and during the 1.920's he
influenced the marking of many sites, among them being Nootka Sound, Fort
Langley, Yale, Fort George, Prospect Point, and Gonzales Hill, The Society
itself erected at least one marker at Leechtown.
In its early years, the Association had a very active standing committee
system and initially had a marine history committee, an Indian history
committee, a local history committee, an educational committee, a genealogy
committee, and an historic sites committee. These committees carried right
through to 1.935 and there is an interesting minute book in the Archives
covering the reports of committees from 1.923 to 1.933.
The Association published four Reports and Proceedings dated 1.923,  1924,
1.925 and 1929, all of which contain interesting papers and chronicle the
activities of the Association. However, the Depression being what it was,
the reports were not continued and the historic papers prepared and given by
members are certainly not readily available, if at all,' to either ourselves
or the public at large. Despite the failure to publish annual reports and
proceedings, the standing committees were still in full force in 1935 and
comprised - reception, necrology, bibliography, programme, marine, ethnology,
historic landmarks, mining and auditor.
At the 1935 Annual General Meeting Dr Lamb proposed a thorough
reorganization of the Association and shortly thereafter the Association was 25
broken down into a federation of sections, initially the Victoria and
Vancouver sections, which were quickly joined by the New Westminster and Fraser
Valley section in 1.936, the Lillooet section in 1939, with much later in
1947 the Okanagan Historical Society and in 1.954 the West Kootenay Historical
Society, the Nanaimo Historical Society, the Fort St, James Historical Society
and the Central B.C. and the Boundary Society with Burnaby, East Kootenay,
Fort St, James, and" the Gulf Islands joining subsequently.
There is little doubt that the many foregoing societies joined for one
reason only, and that waa the B.C. Historical Quarterly, edited by Dr Lamb
from 1.936 to the end of 1946, and subsequently by Mr Ireland, By 1.953 the
Quarterly was in arrears and the 1.958 Quarterlies which were the last ever to
appear, did not appear till about 1.963. as a :single volume.
If the Quarterly were merely a first class historical publication, its
loss though acute would not have been as traumatic to our Association aw
it was. It really was the life blood of the Association and there is some
doubt as to whether our Association had any real vitality or raison d'etre
without the Quarterly. Indeed, Judge Howay shortly before his death in 19-'2
wrote to a friend as follows:
The Quarterly is the THING, the Society is a mere bit of shadow-boxing.-
To get the Quarterly on its feet some means had to be taken to supply
a part of the funds; and the Society was that means. And we must confess
that owing to the winning way of my old friend and partner, Mr R.L.
Reid, the Society was established with a good substantial membership,
which really meant a good substantial list of subscribers to the
Quarterly.
Howay Papers. U.B.C. Special Collections,
Although Judge Howay may have been a little cynical in the foregoing,
its truth is really the only explanation of the unseemly squabblings which rent
our Association in the late 1.950's and early 1960's„
With the Quarterly clearly defunct, our Association had to stand on
its own and exist on its own or perish. i*ow that our Association is standing
on its own, and beholden to none, it is perhaps hard for us to understand
the frustrations of our members over the slow and agonizing death of the
Quarterly, all of which was the root cause of the bitternesses which arose
and nearly wrecked our Association.
It is regrettable that many of those who wer^ at the meetings in
question have been unable to understand the real frustration for what it
was, and have been unable or unwilling to continue their participation in
our organization and thereby our interest in history which is indeed our
first love. Judge Howay, despite his bitter fight with Judge Martin in
1.926 as a result of which he resigned the Presidency of our Association
which he did so much to foster, did not let that prevent him from continuing
to support our Association and participate in its activities right up until
the time of his death in 1.942.
But least said is soonest mended and we should pass on to the third
and present period of our history. Since the Burnaby Convention of 1.964
and the inception of our Revised Constitution, we have clearly operated
as a federation of like-minded historical societies, united by our common
interest and dependent on no outside support. Over the past ten years our 26
annual conventions have become one of our more important activities.
Up to 1.941 the annual meetings were all in Victoria', from 1.942 to 1957 they
alternated between Vancouver and Victoria, but since 1.957 they have gone
farther and farther afield throughout the province as really befits an
association truly provincial in scope. The idea of the convention of a
day or two, rather than a few hour annual meeting, was launched with the
successful Penticton Conference in 1.960, and it has maintained its
popularity ever since.
Perhaps our greatest strength is our very successful B.C. Historical
News, Our Association has long recognized its dependence upon a house
publication. The Report and Proceedings of its early years, and later
the Quarterly, -fulfilled that role. With the end of the Quarterly,
various attempts were made to launch a newsletter. In 1956 Mrs J.H. Hamilton
apparently prepared a few issues of a newsletter, which were followed from
time to time with various attempts, culminating in Mr New's letter of
1.965, mine of I.966, and Miss Choate's in I.966. But for one reason or
another none of the efforts continued until Mr Yandle issued his first
News in February of .1.968, since which time he has not only continued as
Secretary of our Association, but has also faithf ully and regularly
produced with the help of his ever willing wife our excellent News. To
Mr and Mrs Yandle we are indeed indebted.
The new societies which have joined our ranks in recent years, and
our increasing membership are due in large measure to the  News alone.
Dr Lamb edited the Quarterly for ten years, Mr Ireland edited the
Quarterly for ten years, and Mr Yandle has now done it for almost five
years as a labour of love and without the support afforded by a paid
position in the historical field. It takes a very special and peculiar
talent not only to ferret out good articles, but also write the good "copy"
which gives tlie Mews its interest and individuality.
I trust that there is nothing prophetic in the words of Judge
Howay in yesteryears. Once again quoting from his same letter which I
quoted earlier:
The Society will run along smoothly, anyhow, and the Quarterly
will maintain its standard so long as Dr Lamb sticks to the
editorial chair. I don't know what we'll do if and when he says
he's tired of the 'Thank you' and thankless job °f editing it.
After almost five years of editorship we trust that Mr Yandle will
at least equal if not surpass the ten year editorship of Dr Lamb and the
twelve year editorship of Mr Ireland.
However, we should not become complacent and overly dependent'
upon the News, important as it unquestionably is. While we should continue
our role as a universal meeting place and clearing house for our member
societies through our annual conferences and our News, we need to go on
from there, perhaps returning to the standing committees of the 1.920's
and early 1930's, which would help us involve more prople, perhaps
embarking on a publication or two, or even the marking of historic sites. 27
But, as a federation, our strength has to come from the member
societies. Ideas and initiative have to come from the member societies
through their delegates to Council. It is impossible for a handful of
officers to do any more work, and if our Association is to do more, a
way has to be found for more people to be able to participate.
While we sometimes regret the lack of direct monetary support by
the Provincial Government, such as most provincial historical associations
enjoy, at the same time our experience over the years with our dependence
upon the Archives may have really sapped much of the strength we had.
In earlier years the Association had a decidedly more academic, or
semi-professional orientation, and the progression has been from hard
to soft-core history over the years. It is to be hoped that our membership
will start to produce papers once again which can find their way into the
News.
However, it is easier to be critical than constructive and in
conclusion I would like to count our blessings.
We are independent, solvent, and blessed with supporting member
societies throughout the Province. For ten years we have enjoyed harmony,
good fellowship and peace among ourselves, all of .which has enabled us
better to purste our objects, and I wish for little olse during our next
half century.
List of Societies Affiliated with the B.C. Historical Association
Alberni & District. Mrs H. Ford, Stirling Arm Drive, R.R.3, Port Alberni,
B.C. V9Y TV?
Atlin, Mrs T.O. Connolly, Box 1.11, Atlin, B.C.
Burnaby Mrs Ethel Derrick, 8027 - 1.7th Ave., Burnaby, B.C. V3N 1.M5.
Campbell River Mrs Ruth Barnett, P.O. Box 101, Campbell River, B.C. V9W 4Z9.
Chamainus Valley Mrs Betty Pederson, P.O. Box 1.72, Chemainus, B.C.
Cowichan Ian Mac Innes, 1.020 Lee Street, Duncan, B.C.
Creston & District Mrs Margaret Gidluck, Box 1.123, Creston, B.C. VOB 1G0.
Golden Mrs Jean L. Dakin, Box 992, Golden, B.C.
Gulf Islands Mrs G.B. Jennens, South Pender Island, B.C.
East Kootenay Mr Dave Kay, 921 S.4th St., Cranbrook, B.C. VIC 1H6.
West Kootenay Mrs Ralph Cook, 1.362 Birch Ave., Trail, B.C.
Nanaimo Mrs J.-Mar, 242 Cilaire Drive, Nanaimo, B.C.
Vancouver Mr R Watt, Box 3071, Vancouver V6B 3X6.
Victoria Mrs E:F. Stewart, 408 Dallas Road, Victoria, B.C.
Windermere Mrs E. Stevens, Box 784, Invermere, B.C.
Please report any mistakes or corrections to the Editor.

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