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New light on the early history of the greater Northwest : the manuscript journals of Alexander Henry,… Henry, Alexander, 1739-1824; Thompson, David, 1770-1857 1897

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The University of British Columbia Library
THE
CHUNG
COLLECTION
m
   Henry and Thompson Journals.
VOLUME III.
  NEW LIGHT ON THE EARLY HISTORY OF
THE GREATER NORTHWEST
THE MANUSCRIPT JOURNALS OF
ALEXANDER HENRY
Fur Trader of the Northwest Company
DAVID THOMPSON
Official Geographer and Explorer of the same Company
L COMMENTARY E
ELLIOTT COUES
IN THREE VOLUMES
Vol. Ill
flnOej and dBaps
NEW YORK
FRANCIS P.  HARPER
 Copyright, 1897,
FRANCIS P. HARPER.
All rights reserved.
 LIST OF MAPS AND PLATES.
VOLUME I.
Portrait of Elliott Coues, Frontispiece
VOLUME III.
Three Sections, and Legend Sheet, Traced from David
Thompson's MS. Map of the Northwest Territory,   .   In pocket
28239
  INDEX.
N. B.—This index covers all the matter of the two preceding volumes,
both of main text and notes thereto. It is mainly an index of names,
proper and common, without analysis of what comes under them. All
proper names are intended to be indexed in every place where they
occur, excepting the author's name. " N. W. Co." is indexed wherever
it happens to appear, though the whole work relates to the North West
Company. Of common names the list is quite full, though it is exclusive, as a rule, of mere mention or allusion. Proper are distinguished
from common names by capitals, the same as they would be if occurring in ordinary sentences. The arrangement of the entries is intended
to be strictly alphabetical, without regard to the logical order in which
phrases or phrase-names would follow one another; thus, Albert, Joseph, comes after Alberta, and before Alberton, Ont. Contractions and
abbreviations are alphabetized as if they were spelled out; thus, pt. for
"point" precedes p. for "portage." Place-names which are phrases
are entered as usually spoken or written ; thus. Lake Superior under
Lake, but Moose 1. under Moose; Fort Dauphin, but Dauphin r.;
though many such are also entered both ways, with cross-references.
Alternative and variant names of the same thing of course appear ; as
Lac a la Pluie, Lac la Pluie, Rainy 1., for the one body of water.
Besides subserving the usual purpose, this index has been utilized for
the purpose of introducing a comparatively large amount of new matter, representing many memoranda which I had made for use in my
notes, but which the author's text did not happen to bring up in any
connection. Most of these additional entries are biographical items of
voyageurs and others of the N. W. Co.; they commonly end with a date,
looking at first sight like a reference to a page ; but this will occasion
no uncertainty, as the pagination of the text does not reach four figures.
The sans f agon style of writing French personal names, which may or
may not begin with a preposition or with the definite article, makes it
impossible to observe any rule in such cases ; these names must be entered as they are found—for example, such as De La Fayette, La
Fayette, or Fayette, are all liable to appear.
Usual abbreviations or contractions tor names of States and Territories of the United States, of Provinces or Districts of the Dominion
of Canada, of civic, military, and ecclesiastical titles, etc. Also, the
following:
br., branch (of a stream or railroad); chf., (Indian) chief; co., county;
cr., creek ; dept., department; ho., house; H. B. Co., Hudson's Bay
Company; Ind., Indian; interp., interpreter ; isl., island; Kam., Kaministiquia ; ldg., landing; Mt., mt., Mount, mountain; N. W. Co.,
North West Company ; p., portage ; pra., prairie ; pt., point (of land);
r., river; rap., rapid or rapids ; res. (Indian) reservation in the U. S.,
reserve in the Dominion of Canada; R. R., Ry., railroad, railway;
Sask., Saskatchewan; St., Ste., Saint, Sainte; trib., tributary (lake
or river); vUl., village ; voy., voyageur; voy. c.-m., voyageur contre-
maitre.   Any abbrev. or contr. may take s for the plural.
 9i8
Abbitibbe ho., at or near the head
of Lake Abbitibbe, source of
river of same name, br. of
Moose r., trib. to James bay
of Hudson's bay ; also Abbi-
tiby, Abitibbi, Abittibi, etc.
Abercrombie, Lt. Col. J. J., 148
Abigail, Man., 415
Abraham Plains, battle of, 289
Acequemanche, 53, 54, 79, 95, 97,
103, 170, 261, 262, 263
Acer saccharinum, 130, 172
A'cha, Jose, 864
Acipenser medtrostris, 753
Acipenser rubicundus, 20, 70, 192,
444.448
Acipenser transmontanus, 752, 753
Acquimance, 54
Act of Congress, 22, 25
Act of Parliament, 663
Acton, N. Dak., 95
Adam, Eustache, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Ada, Minn., 143, 150
Adhemar, Jacques, 299
Adhemar's fort, 290
adipocerite, 768
A-go-kwa, 54
Aguskogaut, 180
Ahantchuyuk, 812
Ahketoons, 97
Ahnahaways, 323
Ahrattanamokshe, 368
Ahtahcahcoop res;, 490
Ahtena, 524
Ahwahharways, 323
Aiken, Job, 766
Aiken, Mr., 766
Aiktow cr. or coulee, 300
Aile du Corbeau r., 274
Ainse or Hance, Joseph, Sioux
trader on Minnesota r., 1786
Aird, George, brother of James
Aird, Sioux trader on Minne-
Aisainse, 97, 263, 427
Aishquebugicoge, 54
Aissugsebee r., 47
Aitken, Job, 766
Akoklako, 550, 708
Alain, Pierre, N. W. Co., Mouse
213. 777
Albany, N. Y., 897
Albany r., 29
albatross, a bird, 853
Albatross, a ship, 764, 795, 828,
844, 855
Alberta, 462, 499, 524, 548, 563,
573, 574. 618, 740    .
Albert, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Alberton, Ont., 20
albino buffalo, 159, 242
Albion, 896
Alces machlis, 2
Alceste, Man., 415
alders, 815, 840
Alexander res., 566
Alexandria, Br. Col.,
Alexandria, Man., 213
Alexis res., 633, 741
Algonquian family, 382, 510, 523,
524, 533. 733
Algonquins, 533
Alkali cr., 618
Allaire, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Allaire, Michel, 776, voy. N. W.
Co., was with D. Thompson
June 18th, 1811, at Ilthkoyape
falls in Aug., 1811, and went
/ to Okanagan with one Bellaire
Allan, Sir H., 255
Allard, Ambrose, 274
Allard, Pierre, 274
Allary, Michel, N. W. Co., Fort
Dauphin dept., 1799, see Allaire and Alleire
Allen, Simon, an Iroquis, N. W.
Co., Athabasca, 1804
Allerie, Michel, 176, N. W. Co.,
en route from Grand Portage
Aug. 12th, 1797, fitted out by
C. Grant for Fort Dauphin
Sept. 15th, 1777, see Allary
and Allarie
All Saints' Day, 660
Alnus rhombifolia, 815
Alnus rubra, 815, 840
aluminum, 768
Amahami, 323
Ambercombie, see Fort Aber-
crombfe
ho., fall of 1806
Amelanchier alnifolia, 405
Amelanchier canadensis, 40;
Amelia bay, 673
America, 614
 n
INDEX.                                              919
American antelope, see antelope
Arguette, J., on Willamette  r.,
American elk, 2
1833-42
American flag, 848
Arikara village, 843
American Fur Co., 21, 882
Arkoitte, Augustin, voy.  N. W.
Americans, 24, 663, 720, 757, 848,
Co.,    Lake   Winnipeg,   1804,
849, 903, 907
compare Arcoitte
Armell, Mr., 735
American woodland reindeer* 285
Amiel., 472
Arnes, Man., 451
Amiot, Frangois, N. W. Co., Lake
Arrow 1., Rainy R. route, 8, 10
Winnipeg, 1804
Arrow r., Rainy R. route, 8, 9
Amiurus nebulosus, 431, 444
arrows, poisoned, 808
AMK. Co., 282
Arrowwood r., 618
Ancien fort, 43
Arsinau or Arsineau, Pierre, N.
Anderson, Capt. S., 25
Anderson, John, boatswain, per
W. Co., Red Deer 1., 1798-99
Arwacahwas, 323
ished on the Tonquin
ash, a tree, 49
Anepemenan sipi, 82
Ashe 1., 492
Anglojibway, 512
Ash ho., 301, 302, 305
Anglo-Saxon, 465
Ash isl., 492
Annals of Iowa, 330
ash-leaved maple, 4,172
Anse de Sable, Lake of the Woods,
Ashley cr., 674
13, 14
Ashton, Joseph, 749, 766, 781, 836,
Anse de Sable, Winnipeg r., 33
868, 887, see Joe
Anser albifrons gambeli, 752
Ashualuc, 914
antelope, 191, 305, 310, 634
Asnaboyne, 45, see Assiniboine
Antilocapra americana, 191, 305,
311
aspai in S. Fraser's Journal, spye
in Harmon's Journal, is the
Antler hill, Alb., 638
Rocky mt. goat
Antolle, Louis, voy. N.  W.  Co.,
aspen, 49, 131
Le Pic, 1804, perhaps for Louis
Aspern, Germany, 558
Anatole
Aspin fort on Peace r., 581
Antyme,  , guide N.W. Co.,
Assembly of Upper Canada, 189
1791
Assinepoetuc, 505, see Assiniboine
apishemeaus.   " We remained in
Assiniboia, 45, 299, 300, 308, 462,
camp, trading buffalo robes,
761
apishemeaus,    etc.,   of    the
Assiniboine brigade, 47
Indians,"   Townsend,  Narr.,
Assiniboine dept., 60, 214
1839. P-3i
Assiniboine ho., N. W. Co., 207,
Apistiscouse, 656
298, 301, 302. 303, 415, 416
apistochikoshish, 311
Assiniboine Inds., 37, 42, 43, 93,
aqua Lucise, 732
119, 132, 152, 159,190,195,196,
Arabuthcow, see Athabasca
198, 203, 210, 212, 228, 239,241,
Arapahoes, 384
244, 250, 253, 257,263, 273, 275,
Arbutus menziesii, 816
286, 293, 302, 307, 309, 312,314,
Arcan ?  of N.  W. Co., wintered
325, 328,355,383.385-386,388,
1804-05 on Missinipi r. with
402, 405, 407. 408, 413.419. 429,
La Freniere, Bouche, and an
484, 487, 493. 500, 508, 513, 516,
other
517, 518, 519. 520,521,522,523,
Archduke Charles, 558
525, 533, 542, 547. 549. 55i. 552,
Arcoitte,   Frangois,   voy. N. W.
553, 57°, 576, 577, 579. 583. 587,
Co., Nepigon, 1804, compare
588, 589. 590, 59i. 592. 593. 595,
Arkoitte
597. 599. 6°°. 614, 616,620, 623,
Arctic ocean, 80, 193, 472, 473, 474,
624, 625, 626, 627, 628,720, 737,
510, 568, 862
742
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, 581
Assiniboine 1., 208
Ardea herodias, 103
Assiniboine r., 2, 3, 4, 35, 38, 43,
Arepersay, 71, see Aupersay
44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 55, 56, 57, 66,
argillaceous earth, 768
61, 63, 70, 80,154, 156,163, 175,
 920
INDEX.
183, 185, 188, 189,193, 202, 203, 5". 553, 554, 555, 558, 565, 566,
204, 207, 211, 213, 234, 259, 260, 567, 573, 580, 581, 583, 608,611,
265,268, 269, 277, 286, 287, 288, 615, 640, 641, 642, 643, 652, 667,
290, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296,297, 668, 738, 742, 761, 874
298, 299, 300, 301, 302,303, 305, Athabaska, see Athabasca
309,314, 319, 343, 356,406,415, Athapascan family, 523, 524, 532,
416,426, 428, 442, 448, 516, 554, 737
576,  592,   776,   837,   and see Athapescow   for   Athabasca   in
Upper Red r. Hugh Murray, 1829
Assiniboine River Inds., 119 Athapishow 1., 489
Assiniboine trail, 306, 307 Athapupuskow r., 557
Assinneboins, 263, see Assiniboine Athapuscow 1., 557
Inds. Aticamake 1., 471
Assinniboin  r.,   45,   see  Assini- Atlantic, a ship, 847, 866
boine r. Atsinas, 505, 530, 531, 733
Astoria, 259, 279, 293,  561, 612, Attina, Gabriel, N. W. Co., Lake
629, 647, 747, 749, 750, 752, 756, Winnipeg, 1799
757, 758, 759. 760, 761, 762, 763, Aubigny, Man., 63
766, 767, 769, 770,771,773, 774, Aubry, Frangois Xavier, b. Mas-
776, 777, 781, 782, 783,784,787, kmonge parish, Three Rivers
788.791.792.795.814.817.842, district,   Canada,   Dec.   4th,
844, 845, 848, 856, 865,881, 882, 1824.   Left home in 1843, and
883, 884, 885, 886, 887, 895, 896, went to St. Louis, Mo.   To
899 New Mexico, and returned to
Astorians, 44,  52,  216,  293, 556, St. Louis Aug. 28th, 1846.   To
603, 667, 756, 763,766, 773,787, upper Miss, r., 1846, and re-
788,814,825,842,843,856,857, turn.     Organized a carai
862, 867, 869, 871,872, 873, 882, for Santa F6, N. M., etc.; &
899,912,916, and see overland became a famous plainsn
Astorian  Stuarts,   791,   882,   see and  trader.     Best biog. in
Stuart, A., Stuart, D., Stuart, Tasse, II., with portrait.   Fort
J., and Stuart, R. Aubry, on Ark. r. in Colorado,
Astor, John Jacob, 303, 749,758, named for or by him. Aubry's
759.760.763.764.766.842.843, trail in New Mexico, Ariz.,
845, 853, 860, 886 and Cala. is his, ca. 1850-53 :
Astotin 1., 611 see Western Journal and Ci-
Atchanis 1., 611 vilian of St. Louis. Aubry
Athabasca, 14, 164, 172, 187, 188, City,  Ariz.:   see   Whipple's
199, 202, 203, 212, 214, 216, 222, Route in P. R. R. Rep., and
223, 248, 275, 267, 280, 282, 311, Mollhausen's  Diary.     Killed
442, 457, 461, 474,481, 553, 554, in a quarrel by Major Rich-
556, 557, 583, 612, 759, 767, 782, ard H. Wrightman, U. S. A.,
783, 792, 895 Santa Fe, N. M., Aug. 20j;h,
Athabasca brigade, 759, 767 1854
Athabasca Crossing, 566 Aubry, Jacques? in command of
Athabasca ho., 581 fort at Blue Mound ; killed in
Athabasca 1., 282, 510, 511 Black Hawk war, June ioth,
Athabascan headwaters, 443, 572, 1832
598, 641, 642, 648 Augebois is found for Ojibways
Athabascan Rocky mts., 629 Aug6,  , engage N.  W.  Co.,
Athabascan waters, 253, 462, 465, Assiniboine ho. at mouth of
472, 473. 573. 574. 580 Mouse r., winter  of 1793-94
Athabasca packs, 14, 16 Auger, Joseph, N. W. Co., Upper
Athabasca pass or p., 253, 573, 640, •   Red r., 1799
642, 652,  668, 669,   748,   874, Auger, Prisque, voy. c.-m. N. W.
900 Co., Nepigon, 1804
Athabasca r., 215, 237,  248, 253, Auguemance, Auguimace, 54
278, 279, 280, 282, 292,448, 510, Auk, The, a periodical, 854
 Auld, Mr., H. B. Co., 561, 895,
was at York factory in 1793
Aumier, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Aupersay, Aupersoi, Aupusoi, 54,
71. 79. 83. 104, 194
Aurialle, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
•Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Australian trade, 189
Austrians, 559, 900
Awakane Pawetik, 31
Awene, Man., 207
Ayabaska is found for Athabasca
Ayashawash res., 23
Ayotte, Joseph, N. W. Co., killed
by Eskimos with Livingstone
and others, 1802
Azure, engage, N. W. Co., Assiniboine r., 1793-94
Azure, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy r. and Upper Red r.,
1804
Azure, Joseph, 301, 305
babiche, babishe, bobbish, from
native name assapapish, thong
of leather
Baccanal, Alexis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Bachelor's isl., 821
Back, Capt., 27
Back Lake cr., 741
Back's or Great Fish r., Luetchor
r. of the natives, with reference to cetaceans, descended
•by Capt. Back in 1834
Bad Ax, 54
badger, 156
Badger cr., 524
Bad r., br. of Fraser's r., 777
Bad r., 473, see Sturgeon Weir r.
Bad Water r., 55
Bahwetego-weninnewug, 733
Bahwetig girl, 733
Baie St. Paul, 289, 290
Baie Verte, 164, 234, 240
Baillarge, Bejarge, Pierre, with
M. and M. Cadotte in 1799
Baillargeon, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Bailly, Alexis, Canadian, b. in
Mich., became a pioneer in
Minn., died very old at Wabasha, Minn. See Tasse, I.
p. 324
Baker, , a freeman, 818, 837
EX. 921
Baker's bay, 754, 757, 758, 759,762,
763. 769. 779. 848, 857,858, 859,
860, 862, 866, 892, 893, 916
bald eagles, 172
Baldwin's ho. on Missinipi r. in
1793
Baijennie, Sask., 498
Ball Club 1., 21
Balsam Bay, Man., 40
Banff, 618
Baptiste, , 668
Baptiste, Jean, 429, see Desmarais, j. B.
Baptiste s brook, cr. or r., br. of
N. Sask. r., 507, 553, 607, 651,
653, 662, 738
Baranhoff, Count, Russian trader
at New Archangel
Barbeau, Simon, voy. N. W. Co.,
Barbu, Etienne, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Baribeau, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Bark hills, 523
Bark isl. ,455. I find that there is
an island of this name on the
route in Lake Winnipeg; so
the text is no doubt correct, if
we read " foot of the traverse
of Bark island"; identification
with Black Bear isl. question-
Barnes co.r N. Dak., 144
Barnes, Jane, 896
Barren hill, 478
Barrieau, Frangois, one of those
who started with (Sir) A. McKenzie, June 3d, 1789
Barrier 1., 471
Barrier p., 31
Barrier r., 471, see Fishing Weir t.
Barthe, Laurent, Sault Ste. Marie,
1788
Barwick, Ont.,21
Bas de la Riviere, 38,188, 213, 215,
246, 249, 264, 276, 277, 285, 293,
428, 429, 438, 443, 447.448, 539,
759. 79i. 873 ,     .
Bas Fond de la Loge de Medicine,
677,699   ■
Basfond du Lacs des CEufs, 586
Bashkega isls., 458
Basinet, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Redr., 1804
Basinet, Jean Baptiste, interp.
N.W. Co., Torch 1., 1804
 922
Basquia r., 462, 470 j
. Basse mt, 298, see Bos
basswood, 49
Basswood 1., in Minn.,
Basswood 1., on Rainy River route,
14. 15
bastard maple, 4, 172, 492
Batailleur, 605, 627, 632, 633, 657,
660, 665
Batailleur's wife, 628
Batchewoinan bay, 199, 283
Bathgate, N. Dak., 230
Batoche,  , probably different
persons of this name, 614, 626,
627, 629, 630, 631, 634,635, 636,
638, 664, 668, 670, 675. Ahalf-
breed of this name was killed
in the Semple affair on Red r.
June 19th, 1816
Batoche, Sask., 470, 484, 490, 614,
615
Battailleur, an Indian (?) engaged
as hunter by Thompson at
Rocky Mt. ho. in Oct., 1806.
See Batailleur
Battelier, a hunter, 605
Battimeau, Battineau, 226, see
Bottineau
Battleford Agency, 522
Battleford, Sask., 499,   500, 505,
Battle 1., 499, 636
Battle r., 462, 495, 498, 499, 500,
503, 508, 516, 523, 548, 55i. 552,
553. 597. 620, 622, 633, 635, 636
Battoche, see Batoche
Baudette r., 21
Baudry, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Baye Verte, 187, 190, see Baie
Verte
bay lynx, 206
Bazinet, see Basinet, J. B.
B. C. beads, 355, probably meaning blue Canton beads
Beacon Rock, 798
Bear, a chief, 250
bearberry, 581
Bearberry cr., 618, 703
Bear Butte, 309
Beardy res., 490
Bear hills, 523
Bear isl., 233
Bear Lake r., 896
Bear r., 884
bears, 121, 157, 449
Bear's Head band, 522
Bear's Paw band, 522
Beaubien, , 244
Beaubien, Jean Baptiste, sen.
(family name Cuillerier), b.
Batiscan Jan. 6th, 1709, married at Detroit Jan. 26th,
1742, Marie A. Barrois, by
whom he had, besides four
daughters, three sons—Joseph, Lambert, and Jean Baptiste 2d, latter b. about 1785 :
biogr. in Tasse, II. pp. 83-98
Beauchamp, , 703
Beauchamp,Beauchamps,Jacques,
705
Beauchamps, Jean Baptiste, 705
Beauchamp's wife, 628
Beauchemin, Andr6, 51, 77, 442
Beauchemin, Jacques, 705
Beauchemin, J. B., 51
Beaudoin, Am., voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Beaudry, Baptiste, interp. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Beauharnois, Marquis C. de, 23,
45. 661
Beaulac, Hippolyte, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1894
Beaulac, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Beaulieu, , 673, 674
Beaulieu, , 266
Beaulieu, Basile, 266
Beaulieu, Frangois, 266
Beaulieu, Joseph, 266
Beaupied, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Beaurdeaux, see Bordeaux
Beauregard,  , 591, 613, 614,
Beausejour, Man., 40
Beausoliel, Etienne, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804 ,
Beauvais, Ren6, 557
Beauvois, , 552, 555, 559, 630
Beaver Club of Montreal, founded
1785, flourished till 1824
Beaver Co. of Canada, established
about 1630
Beaver cr., br. of Assiniboine r.,"
Beaver cr., br. of N. Sask. i
,565,
 923
Beaver Creek fort, 301
beaver dam, 213
beaver, epidemic among, 256
beaver, fabulous, 449
Beaver Hill cr., 565, 611
Beaver Hill Crees, 594, 623
Beaver Hill 1., 611
Beaver hills, Alb., 532, 566,  567,
595, 611, 613, 634. 635. 737
Beaver Inds., 510, 524, 532
Beaver 1., on Sturgeon Weir r.,
472
Beaver 1., trib. to Battle r., 499
Beaver r., 278, 293, 490, 516, 540,
554. 561, 573. 574. 580, 593. 600,
601,603, 604, 612, 613, 614, 619,
620, 621, 875, 895
Beaver River p., 574
Beaver River route, 604
Beaver, ship, 279, 756,  759,  763,
764, 767, 814, 844, 852, 893, 912
Becker co., Minn., 143, 146,  147,
148
Bedard, , N. W. Co., Mouser.,
1794
Bedford ho., 897, founded by D.
Thompson, autumn of 1796, on
Deer 1. (Missinipi waters), lat
. 570 23' N., long.
See old Fort Caribou
Bedlington, Idaho, 707
beeswax, supposed, 768
Beger, , 655,657, 658, 660, 664,
compare Begin and Berger
Begg, A., 176
s-lic
,63
,  655, compare 1
: and
Be-gwa-is, 257
Begwionushko, Begwionusk r., 70
Beignet, Jacques, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Belair, Belair, , 776, 780
Belaire, Baptiste, 776
Belaire, Louis, 776
Belanger, Belanger, , 874
Belanger, Andre, 874
Belanger, Basile, 874
Belanger, Frangois, 874
Belanger, Joseph, 874
Belanger, Louis, 874
Belanger, Pierre, 874
Belcourt,  , voy. N. W.  Co.,
Redr., 1804
tby
Belcourt, Man., 290
Belknap sta., Mont., 674
Bell,  , an American me
D. Thompson at Sand 1
S. Shore of  Lake Superior,
May 14th, 1798
Bellacoola r., 777, 898
Bellaiei, , 776, 875, see Belair,
Belair, Bellaire
Bellair, Bellaire, , 837, 860, 875
Bellaire, , 440
Bellaire, Registre, 674, 776
Bellanger, , 874, see Bell
Bell, C. N., 27, 38, 43, 44, 45, f82,
208, 288, 296, 298, 301, 426, 482
Belleau,- , 293
Belleau, Antoine, 293, 868, 904
Belleau, Jean B., 293, 872, 875
Belleau, Mr., 293, 561
Belleau, Pierre, 293
Belleau's houses, 293, 300
Bellecque, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co., Redr., 1804
Bellefleur, , engageN. W. Co.,
Peace r., 1803
Bellefleur, Registre, voy. N. W.
Co., 1804
Bellefleur, see Roussin, Andr6
Bellegarde, , 591
Bellegarde, Charles, 51, 52, 77
Bellehumeur, Simon, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Bellevuept, 878
Bell, George, 766, 806
Bell isl., 217
Belly, Fat, an Assiniboine, 597
Belly r., 462, 485, 524
Belonger, Augustin, 874
Beloni, Louis, fils, voy. N. W. Co.
Fond du lac, 1804
Beltrami co., Minn., 21, 143, 146-
Beltrami, J. C, 27, 45
Ben, a Kanaka, 873, 875
Bennet, John, N. W. Co., Sault
Ste. Marie, 1799   .
Bennett, Capt., 221
Bennington, Vt., 897
Benoit, Jean Baptiste, 51, 77
Benson co., N. Dak., 144
Bercier,  , 443, 607, 611, 651,
692
Bercier, Alexis
Bercier, Antoine, 611
Bercier, Joseph, 611
Berdash, 53, 163, 164, 165
Bereau, Jacques, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du lac, 1804
Berger, , 594, 629, 652, 671
 924 INI
Berger, Joseph, 594
•Bergeron, Mr., 293
Bering sea, 857
Bernard, Raphael, voy.N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Bernicla canadensis, 9, 172, 740
Berry cr., 618
Berthold res., 318
Berthold sta., N. Dak., 315
Bertrand, a Cree, 581, 587
Bertrand, J. B., 302, 303
Bethune, Angus, 259, 627,629, 632,
633. 647, 648, 651, 662, 756, 759,
760, 761, 774, 784, 791. 844. 860,
862, 866, 868, 892, 900,901, 902,
903, 904, 905, 910, 911
Bethune's wife, 603
Betourn<§, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Bettanet, A., 874, 875
Bibeau, , engagl of Gregory,
McLeod and Co., 1786
Bibeau, Paul, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
biche, 2,764, an&passim throughout the book
Biddle, N., 424, 913
Big Belly fork of S. Sask. r., 485
Big Belly Inds. of the Missouri,
314, 334. 335, 336,337. 338,343.
344, 345. 348, 35o, 35i, 354, 355.
356, 357, 358, 359, 361, 363, 368,
369, 370, 372, 373, 374, 376, 379.
380, 383, 385, 389. 390, 392, 396,
397. 399. 400, 402, 530, 53i. 733
Big Belly Inds. of the S. Sask. r.,
530, see Atsinas, Gros Ventres
Big Belly vills. on the Missouri,
321, 322, 323, 398, 403
Big Birch isl., 479
Big Bowlder, Winnipeg r., 30
Big Eddy, Sask. r., 471
Big Fish 1., 585
Big fork of Kam. r., 220
Big Fork r., 20, 21
Big Forks P. O., Ont., 21
Big Grassy r., 23
Big Hay 1., 611
Bighorn mts., 843
Bighorn r., 302, 844
bighorns, 680
Big isl., 22, 26
Big isl., Lake Winnipeg, 451, 453
Big isl., Tongue r., 230, 267
Big Jackhead r., 455
Bigl., 566
Big Lodge, 54
Big Man, a chf., 332
Big Marsh, 39
Big Miami r., 96
Big Mouth, a chf., 54
Big Nigger bay, 477
Big Pine p., 12
Big pt., Lake Winnipeg, 460
Big r., br. of Missouri r., 843
Big Rock p., 8
Big Salt r., 95, 137.138
Big Stone, 630
Bigstone cr., br. of Pipestone cr.,
635
Big Stone 1., 145, 300
Big Stone, Bigstone r., 475, 476
Big Sturgeon r., 472, 477
Big Throat, a Piegan, 643
Big White, a Mandan chf., 329, 330
Big Wood r. is a name of Boise r.
Big Woody Point p., 31
bilingual vocabulary, 538
Billique, P., was on Willamette r.
in 1838
Birch, an Assiniboine, 587
Birch brook, 503
Birch cr., 548
Birch isl., Lake Winnipeg, 457
Birch isl., Sask. r., 479
Birch 1., on Rainy River route, 14
Birch 1., Sask., 548, 552, 585
Birch (Shoal) 1., 897
Birch r., 472
Birdl., 33
Bird, Mr., 475, 558, 559, 567, 569,
598, 600, 663
Bird Mountain fort or ho., 253,
277, 300
. 144
.4
Baptiste, was one of six
voys. who started with (Sir)
A. McKenzie May oth, 1793
Bissonette, Mr., N. W. Co., 1789-90
bitches, 166
Bittern 1., 611, 635
bittersweet, 172
black-bass, 445
Black bay, 18, 20
black bear, 121, see bears
Black Bear,  a Piegan chf., 643,
645, 647, 648, 653, 654, 655, 656,
659, 660, 670, 675
Black Bear isl., 455, see Bark isl.
blackberries, 816
Black, Capt.,  279, 757,  758, 762,
763, 769, 77o, 771. 772,774. 775.
761, 781, 866, 902
L
 Black Cat, a chf., 323, 324, 329,
331, 401, 402
Blackfolds, Alb., 637
Blackfeet, see Blackfoot Inds.
Blackfoot coulee, 499
Blackfoot hills, 499
Blackfoot Inds., 398, 484, 500, 505,
506, 507, 508, 523, 524, 526, 527,
528, 533. 539. 54i. 544. 545. 546,
547. 551, 556, 557, 558,566,571,
572, 574. 576, 577, 579. 587, 588,
59°. 595, 598. 613, 623,660, 722,
726, 731, 733, 735. 736, 867, see
Siksika
Blackfoot rum, 542
Black hills, 383, 843
Black isls., 452, 453
Black, Mr., 222
Black Mud cr., 634
Black r., br. of Rainy r., 20, 21, 22
Black r., br. of Red Lake r., 127
Black Robe, 53
Black, Samuel, of N. W. Co., was
at Grand raps, of the Sask. r.,
en route for the interior, July
25th, 1817
Black Shoe Inds., 323, see Souliers
Blackwater r., 777
Blaeberry cr., 692, see Blueberry
Blaine 1., 492
Blanc, Cadien, 556
Blette,  Louis, clerk N. W.  Co.,
Red Lake dept., 1804
Blindman, Blind Man's r., 637,639
Blondeau, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Blondeau,   Louis,  guide   N.  W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804,
Toronto in Oct., 1818
Blondin, , 278.   One Blondin,
very likely the same, guide N.
W.   Co.,  was at capture of
Fort William Aug. 13th, 1816
Blondin's house, 278, 583, 584
Blondish, Blondishe, 278
Blondishe's fort, 290
Blood Indian cr., 618
Blood Inds., 508, 523, 524, 530, 533,
543. 544. 545, 568, 569, 578,639,
643, 647. 649, 650, 653,655,663,
722, 731, 735, 736
Bloody cr., 492
Bloody r., 45
Blouin,    Joseph,     and    Blouin,
Nicolas, voys. N. W. Co., Lake
Winnipeg, 1804
694
Blue Earth Inds., 712
Blue Fish r., 896
Blue hills of Brandon, 303
Blue mts., Ore., 884
Blue Quill res., 563
Blue range, Rocky mts., 706
Blue rap., 650
Blythfield, 55
Boat Encampment, 669
Boat harbor, 454
Bobbishaw, 659, 662, 664, compare
the word babiche
Bobtail res., 499, 636
Bodianus achigan, 445
Bodoine, Jean Baptiste, was guide
and    interp.    to   the   elder
Henry in Jan., 1760
Bceuf, an Indian, 54
Bceuf Blanc, an Assiniboine, 597
Boggy Hall, 292, 443, 507, 555, 557,
572, 592,608, 610, 611, 614,629,
633, 643, 648, 650,652, 659, 738,
74o
Boileau, Frangois, engag6 N. W.
Co., Grand Portage, 1804
Boileau, Louis, interp. N. W. Co.,
Le Pic, 1804
Boiling r., 42
Boilvin, see Boivin
bois blanc, 49
Bois Blanc 1. and p., 14
Bois de l'Orignal, 592
Bois (or Boise) de (or des) Sioux,
145, 146
Bois des Sioux r., 145, 147
Bois de Vachel., 585
Bois d'Orignal, 219
bois fort, bois forts, 83
bois inconnu, 139, 155
Bois Perce on Red r., 86, 87, 88,
93, 108, 113, 132, 133, 134, 136,
153, 155, 159, 168, 178, 255, 437
Bois Planter cr., 664
Boisseau, Joseph, 301, 303
Boisverd, , 606, 607, 871
Boisverd, A., 871
Boisverd, T., 629, 871
Boisvert, , 870
Boisvert, Amg., 873
Boisvert, Antoine, 871
Boisvert, Augustin, 871, 873
Boisvert, Baptiste, 871
Boisvert, Jean Baptiste, 871
Boisvert, Louis, 871
28239
 926                                                 INDEX.
Boivin, usually Boilvin, Nicolas, of
Bouch6, J. B., 219
Prairie du Chien
Bouch6, J. M., 219
Bolieu, , 266, see Beaulieu
Bouche, Joseph, 219
Bonaparte, Buonaparte,  , 674
Boucher, , 219
Bonaparte, Joseph, 900
Boucher,   ,  voy.  N. W. Co.,
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 558
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Bonasa umbellus, 103
Boucher, , said to have killed
Bonaventure, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Gov. R. Semple June 19, 1816
Co., Athabasca, 1804
Boucher, Alexis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Bonenfant, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Chippewa r., 1804
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Boucher, Charles, voy. N. W. Co.,
Bonhomme, , 673
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Bonneau, , engag6 N. W. Co.,
Boucher,   Frangois,   voy. N. W.
Assiniboine r., winter of 1793-
Co.,   Athabasca,   1804;   also
94
listed as the same, English r.,
Bonneau, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
1804;  also as interp. N. W.
W. Co., Upper Redr., 1804
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Bonner's ferry, 707
Boucher, Frangois Firmin, was in
Bonnet 1. and portages, 32, 33, 34
the Semple affair of June 19th,
Bonnin,  Frangois, voy. c.-m. N.
1816;    captured   with   Paul
W. Co., Rainy 1., 1804
Brown by Lord Selkirk Aug.
12th, 1816 ;  sent  to  Canada
Bonsan, an Indian, 863
Bonsecours, Jean Marie, voy. N.
for trial as accessory to Sem
W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
ple's death ; was at Toronto
Bonza, Pierre, 50, 52, 77, 171, 180,
in Oct., 1818
194, 207,  231, 276, reappears
Boucher, Pierre, engage N. W.
at capture of Fort William,
Co.,  among  those  captured
Aug. 13th, 1816
with B. Frobisher in 1819
Bordeaux,     Bourdaux,     Beaur-
Bouchette, Joseph, 61
Boucier,   Alexis,   611,   compare
deaux, Michel, 647, 674
Borgne, personal name, see  Le
Borgne
Bourcier
Boudrie,     ,     584,     compare
Borraginacea?, 63
Vaudrie
Boruf, 275
Bougainville, , 27, 43
Boss cr., 298, 306
Bougeault, Joseph,  voy.   N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Boulanger,  Michel,  voy.   N. W.
Boss hill, 298, 302, 306
Boss Hill cr., 306
Bostonese, Bostonian, 628, 867
Co., Rainy L, 1804
Boston, Mass., 279, 628, 763, 850,
Boulanger, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
907
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Boulard, Michel,   647,   703,   704,
Bostonnais, a person, 628
Bostick, , 867
705
Bostick, Joseph, 904
Boundary, see U. S. Northern
Bostwick, Henry, 867
Bostwick, Joseph, 904
Boundary cr., 413, 414
Bourassa, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Bottineau, , 274
Redr., 1804
Bottineau, Charles, 226, 473, also
Bourassa, Ren6 ist, b. near Mon
appears as Bottureau
treal Dec. 21st, 1688 ; married
Bottineau co., N. Dak., 310, 413
(1) Agnes  Gagne Oct.   23d,
Bottineau, Mme., 226
1710; married  (2)  Catharine
Bottineau's son, 268
■Lerigee Sept. 25th, 1721; had
by Agnes a son, Rene 2d ;
Bottle p., 16
Bottureau, see Bottineau, C.
was also father of Charlotte
Boubonniere, Amable, of N. W.
Ambrosine    Bourassa,    who
Co.,   Kam.,   name   probably
married C. M. de Langlade.
Bonbonniere, Aimable
Ren6   Bourassa    ist    estab
Bouchard,   Antoine, voy. N. W.
lished    Michilimackinac    ca.
Co., English r., 1804
1742
L^
 Bourassa, Vital, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Bourbon, , engage N. W. Co.,
Lac au Flambeau, 1804
Bourbon 1., 38
Bourbonniere, Frangois, voy. N.
W. Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Bourbon r., 465
Bourcier, , 611
Bourcier, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., La Pointe, 1804
Bourdaux, see Bordeaux
Bourdeau, Jacques, voy. N. W.
Co., Red Lake dept., 1804
Bourdignon, , 869, 904
Bourdon,  , voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Bourdon, Jean, "des 1656, ....
avait p&i6tr6 au fond de la
baie dTHudson et pris possession de ses rivages au nom
de Louis XIV.," Tasse, I. p.
Bourdon, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co., Torch 1., 1804
Bourdon, Louis, voy. c.-m. N. W.
Co., Redr., 1804
Bourguignon, , 869, 871, 904
Bourguignon, Isaac, 871
Bourguignon, Pascal, 871
Bourguignon, Pierre, 871, 874
Bourie, -, 443
Bourier, Antoine, 302, 442
Bourke, John P., H. B. Co., in
command of artillery in the
fight near Fort Douglas June
19th, 1816, when Gov. Semple
and others were killed, was
wounded, captured, and, July
28th, was at Fort William
Bourlon 1., 566
Bourr6, , 443
Bourr6, , 668, compare Brure
Bourree, Joseph, 442
Bourret, Joseph 442
Bousquai,  , of X. Y. Co. at
Sandy 1. on Mississippi r.,
1802, as per Wm. Morrison
letter of 1856, is same as next
Bousquet, Charles, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804;
was in Fond du Lac dept.
1799; reappears as Charles
Brusky, etc.
Bouthiller, Miss Elmire, 214
Bouvier, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co., English r., 1804
Bowethich, Joseph, 867, 868, 904
EX. 927
Bow fort, 705
Bow Fort cr., 705
Bow hills, 675
Bow range, 706
Bow r., 222, 439, 462,484, 485, 532,
608, 618, 640, 655, 670, 671, 703,
704, 705, 706, 723, 734, 761, 778
bows, 713
Bowstring 1., 21
Bowwetig girl, 733
Bowwood r., 485
box-elder, 172
Boyer, Mr., 293
Boyer r., 506, 511
Braconnier, Jean Baptiste, Bran-
conier in Tass6, II. p. 341,
voy. N. W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804, was at Fort Gibraltar on Red r. when it was
taken for the H. B. Co. by
Colin Robertson in Apr., 1816 ;
was captured, sent to Hudson's bay, then to England ;
appears at Toronto in the-
Semple case in Oct., 1818
Bradbury, John, English scientist,
went with W. P. Hunt up
Missouri r. to the Nadowa
Apr. 17th, 1811, and afterward
as far as the Arikara vill. and
returned to St. Louis. His
book of travels is important in
connection with Astorian matters, etc.
Bradlen, , 913, 914
Brandon hills, 303
Brandon ho., 297, 298, 303, 329,
Brandon, Man., 305
Brant isl., 798, 801
Bras Courts, 54, 187
Bras Croche, 278, 762, see McDonald, John, of Garth
Bras Forts, 53
Bras Gros, 53
Brazeau, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Brazeau, Mr., the one who signed
the recommendation of Geo.
Catlin's book, was at Fort
Edmonton in 1859
Brazeau r., 607, 650, 651, 675, 738
Brazilians, 762
bream, 445
Breasseaue, , 874
Breckenridge, Minn., 145, 146
Bresaytor, Sask., 502
Brevece, Benjamin, 580
 928 IN
Briand, Gabriel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Torch 1., 1804
Bridge Spur, Man., 290
Briere, , of N. W. Co., was on
N.  Sask. r.  near  Baptiste's
brook Oct. 8th, 1808
Briere, Antoine, is listed voy. N.
W. Co., Upper Red r., 1804
brim, 445
Brisbois, , 259, see Brisebois
Brisco range, 706
Brisebois, , a guide N. W. Co.,
was at capture of Fort William Aug. 13th, 1816
Brisebois, Angus, 226, 443
Brisebois, Auguste, 226, 227
Brisebois, Joseph, 227
Brisebois, Michel, 227
Britannic Majesty, 24, 770, 771
British, 561, 757, 913
British America, 24, 308, 413, 462,
512, 522, 524, 565
British Columbia, 277, 550,   675,
706, 784, 898
British Commission, 25, 80
British Crown, 748
British flag, 848
British possessions, 309
British ships, 845
Brochet, a Cree, 619
Broken Canoe pt., 459
Brokenhead r., 40, 280
Broken Knife, a Sarcee, 606
Broken Leg 1., 705
Brook of Reeds, 69
Brook of Swamps, 69
Brosseau,  ,   871,  see Brous-
Broughton, Lieut., 774, 796
Brousseau, , 861, 874
Brousseau, Joseph, 861
Brousseault, , 871
Brown, Paul, listed voy. N. W.
Co., Red Lake dept. ,1804, took
part in the Semple affair of
June 19th, 1816, was captured
next Aug. 12th, and sent to
Canada for trial with F. F.
Boucher and others
Bru, Augustin, voy. N. W. Co.,
Torch 1., 1804
Bruce, , 293
Bruce, Mr., 293
Bruce, Pierre, 293
Brugiere,    Bruguier,   Bruguiere,
 ,788,899, is Regis Brugiere
of 1 rving's Astoria, Canadian
freeman, trapper, and trader,
who came «to Astoria Oct.
5th, 1811, as said in the text
Bruguine, Pierre, 871, 874, see
Bourguignon, P.
Brule, Brule, Brusle, Louis, Tonquinian Astorian from New
York Sept, 6th, 1810, to the
Columbia Mar. 32d, 1811
Brul6 Narrows, 19
Bruneau, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Bruneau, Baptiste, 655, 661, prob-
with Thompson from Boggy
Hall into the mts. in 1810
Brunelle, , 630, 666
Brunelle, Baptiste, 630
Brunelle, Louis, 630
Brunet, Jean Baptiste. In 1785
his son was one of seven families who composed the population of Baie Verte
Bruno, Baptiste, of N. W. Co.,
Upper Fort des Prairies and
Rocky Mt. dept., 1799
Bruno, Remi (Rene?), voy. N. W.
Co., Torch 1., 1804
Brunswick ho., H. B. Co., built
1730 on N. br. of Moose r.,
trib.   to  James' bay of Hud-
Brunwin, Stephen, clerk and
interp. N. W. Co., English r.,
1804
Brure, , 659, compare Bourr6
Bryce, Jacques, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Brymner, Douglas, 302
Buche, , 561
Buche, , 219, N. W. Co., see
Buckingham ho., 474, 475, 484,
498, 504, 546, 560
Buck 1., 741
Buenos Aires, 913
buffalo, 159, 167, 168, 169, 171,174,
177, 178, 241, 242, 254, 446,
682, 725, and passim nearly
throughout Parts I. and II.
Buffalo, an Indian, 54, 58, 196
Buffalo Chipl., 585,652
Buffalo coulee, 499, 620
Buffalo Dung 1., 585, 652, 661
Buffaloe's Tent, 68, 101,
Buffalo Head, 198, 419
Buffalo Head mt, 68
 INDEX.                                             929
Buffalo Hump I., 81
Cadien, see Ducette, Charles
Buffalo Inds., 377, 384, 387
Cadien, 862, see Landry, Joseph
■ Buffalo 1., Minn., 147
Cadien, Charles, N. W. Co., Fort
Buffalo 1., Missinipian waters, 581
Buffalo 1., trib. to Red Deer r., 618
Chipewyan
Cadieux, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.   .
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Buffalo pt., 23, 26, 69
buffalo pounds, 518,519,520,576,577
Cadillac, M. de Lamothe, founded
Buffalo rap., 683
Detroit, Mich., 1701
Buffalo r., 147
Cadorette, , N. W. Co., with
Bull 1., 741
D. Thompson on the Sask. r.,
Bull Pounder., 618
1804
Bullr., 706
Cadot, see next
Bull's Forehead, 619
Cadotte, , 423
Bull's Head, Lake Winnipeg, 454,
Cadotte, Augustin, 188, 195, 198,
QP
455
204, 210, 211, 221, 229, 235,244,
Bull's Head, Man., 419
250,   251,   267,   276
1
Bull's Head mt, 68
Cadotte, Etienne, voy. N. W. Co.,
bulrushes, 70
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Bungees, 533
Cadotte, Jean Baptiste, 127, 128,
Buonaparte, , 674
152, 481, 610, see following
Bureau of Ethnology, 125
Cadotte, Jean Baptiste ist, came
Burgoine, General, 897
to   Michilimackinac   in Oct.,
Burleigh, , 561
1756, with his wife Anasta-
Burlington, Ward co., N. Dak., 313
sia, a Nipissing, and their in
Burns, Jane,   896, 899, 900,   901,
fant   Marie-Renee,   b. Aug.,
904, 905, 908, 909, 910
1756, baptised Oct. 15th, legiti
Burns, John, of N. W.   Co.,   at
Sault Ste. Marie in 1799
mized by marriage Oct.  28th,
1756;  wife died ca. 1767;  he
Burnt Fort de l'lsle, 503
soon  married  Marie   Mouet
Burnt 1., 641
(probably mother of C. Lang
if
lade), and same year had by
Burnt Wood isl., 26
her Joseph Marie Cadotte,  b.
Burr brook, 63
Oct.,    1767,   baptism   registered as of July 23d, 1768 (first
Buskay and Buscay are D. Thomp
son's  spellings  of  name   of
entry after departure of the
parents from Michilimackinac
Charles  Bousquai,   Bousqu6,
Bousquet or Brusky
Busse,   perhaps  for  BouchiS,   is
in 1765).   J.B. C. founded a
post on American side of Sault
Ste. Marie, ca. 1760, and was
VI
named by D. Thompson as a
Canadian  on   Qu'Appelle  r.
found there May 19th,  1762,
Nov. 9th, 1797
by   A.    Henry,    Sen.,   with
Bustard p., 9
whom he went in partnership;
butchering buffalo, 446
went with him in 1775 to the
Butte de Sable, 306
Sask. r., and separated from
Butte des Saulteurs, 504
him  at   Cumberland   ho.   to
Butte St. Paul, 309
go to a Fort des Prairies in
Oct.   He is said to have pre
C
vented   the   Lake   Superior
Chippewas from joining Pon-
Cabana, see Chanou
tiac.    He remained in trade
cabbri, cabbrie, 191, 305, 310, 643,
and agriculture to 1796, on May
see antelope and Antilocapra.
24th of which year he gave
I have lately noticed the un
his property to his two legiti
usual form caberey
mate sons, J. B. Cadotte 2d
and Michel Cadotte, at Sault
Cabinet range, 672
Cache bay, 12
Ste.   Marie.    Date   of death
Caddo, see Cadotte
conjectural between 1803 and
Caddoan, 400
1812, at a very advanced age
-
 93° INI
Cadotte, Jean Baptiste 2d, brother
of Michel, see above. His
Saulteur wife survived him.
He had by her children Loui-
son, Sophie, Archangel, and
Polly. This is generally the
" J. B." Cadotte of the Henry
and Thompson period; d.
1818. Name appears as Caddo, Cadot, Cathdot, Chaddo,
etc.
Cadotte, " Le Petit," appears in
1804, compare Michel Cadotte 2d
Cadotte, Louis, about 1840 a carpenter of Sault Ste. Marie, of
French descent, mother and
grandmother Ind.; compare
Louison Cadotte, son of J. B.
Cadotte 2d. Geo. Catlin took
him to London as " chief" of
a band of Inds. he exhibited
there. L. Cadotte married an
English girl and brought her
to S. S. Marie, where she died.
• He was living there in Sept.,
1853: see Wm. Kingston's
Western Wanderings
Cadotte, " M. and M.," 199, 873,
see following
Cadotte, Michel, 161, 280, is one or
both of the following
Cadotte, Michel ist, son of J. B.
C. ist and brother of J. B.
C. 2d, was on S. side of Lake
Superior in partnership with
his son Michel 2d; his house
was in the bay, between Sand
r. andBadr., in May, 1798; his
wife was an Ind.; one of his
daughters married Leon St.
Germain
Cadotte, Michel 2d, is listed as
voy. N. W. Co., Chippewa r.,
1804; took part in capture of
Michilimackinac, 1812
Cadotte, Mr., unidentified, 166
Cadotte's ho. on Clearwater r.,
129
Cahokia, 303
Caille, Toussaint, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Cain, Edward, in 1819 servant of
J. G. McTavish and captured
with him by the H. B.  Co.,
whose sc
a left
e he entered and
Caisse, Gabriel, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Calahoo res., 566
Calapooyas, 812, 814
Caldron Linn, 787, see Cauldron
Caldwell, Jas., 202, 259, 345, 346,
403
Caledonia, N. Dak., 141, 142, 143
Calf mt, 68, 419
Calgary, Alb., 484, 485, 633, 704
Calgary and Edmonton br. of C.
P. Ry., 499, 567, 618, 634
Calihue, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Calipuyowes,  814,  860,   879,   see
Calapooyas
Calispel, 709, see Kalispel
Callamox, Callemex, 858
Calling r., 4, 300, see Qu'Appelle r.
Calloph, 782, see Coalpo
Callorhinus ursinus, 851, 857
Calpo, Calpok, Calpot,   782, see
Coalpo
Calpok's, Calpot's pt., 782
Caloptenus spretus, 39, 430
Caltahcota, 367
Calvin, John, 347
Camanche, 818
Camarade a Soulier, 607, 614
Camass eaters, 818
Camassia esculenta, 777
Camenistiquoia, 220, see Kaminis-
Cameron,  , and Latour, 176,
873
Cameron, .ffineas, 189, 255
Cameron, Donald, 189
Cameron, Dugald, 189
Cameron, Duncan, 189, 255, 667
Cameron, John, 172, 173, 186, 189,
190, 194, 197, 204, 208, 212, 221,
225, 229, 233, 235, 236
Cameron, John, another ?, 189
Cameron, John Dougal or Dugald,
189
Cameron, Jonathan, 189
Cameron, Mme. John, 227, 228
Cameron, Mr., unident, 189, 216,
247
Cameron, Mr., unident., another,
765
Cameron, Murdoch, 189
Cameron, Roderick, 189
Cameron, Ronald, 189
Cameron, Ronald, another, 189
 Caministiquia, 220, see Kam-
Camloops r., 783
Campbell,  , 621, 631, see Le
Campbell
Campbell,  , appears as clerk
N. W. Co.,  Columbia dept.,
"a few years " before 1815
Campbell, Archibald, 25
Campbell,' Colin or Collin, 222
Campbell, Duncan, 222
Campbell, John Duncan, 222, 255,
792
Campbell, " Mr. J.," 222
Campbell, "Mr.," unident,  222,
277, 475
Campeau, Frangois, came to Sault
Ste. Marie ca. 1796
Campeau, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Campement de Plumb, 129
Campion,   Etienne,   old   French
trader, in association with A.
Henry, Sen., 1761
Campion, Joseph, trader among
Sioux about Falls of St. Anthony, 1786
Camp Monroe, 79
Camp Spokane, 899
Canada, 6, 19, 23, 26, 45, 175, 189,
210, 219, 223, 278, 280, 300,378,
.   424, 457, 465, 481, 526, 550, 748,
759. 764. 777. 784. 788, 790. 848,
872, 873, 896, 903, 915
Canada, , a person, 668
Canada goose, 9
Canada lynx, 206
Canadian annals, archives,   219,
. Canadian houses, 465, 778
Canadian Institute, 705
Canadian map, 16, 22
Canadian Northwest, 45
Canadian Pacific Ry., 26, 33, 35,
40, 43. 55. 81, 207,218,228,289,
290, 291, 296, 305, 308, 414, 417.
500, 618, 619, 744
Canadian pine, 688
Canadians,  18,  36, 321, 533, 575,
641, 722, 752, 773, 775, 780, 788,
825, 840, 869, 900
Canal Flat, Brit. Col.,440, 675, 706
Canaswarel, Thomas, 875
Canawatiron, Ignace, voy. N. W.
Co., Rainy I., 1804
Candle cr., 472
candlefish, 787
Canning or  Cannon, Wm., 857,
861, 868, 888, 915
Canoe and Paddling Assiniboines,
522
Canoe Assiniboines, 522
Canoe camp, 555, 610, 629, 669
Canoe r., br. of Columbia r., 253,
,292, 440, 508, 555, 610, 629,642,
648, '669, 672, 694, 869, 873, 874
Canoe route, old N. W. Co., 455
canoes, see Chinook canoes and
Clatsop canoes
canoes, skin, 181
Canook, a chf., 798, 799, 800, 802,
804, 806, 809
Cantara, , engage N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1788-89
Cantara, Cantard, Frangois, voy.
N. W. Co., Upper Redr., 1804
Cantara, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Cantaras,    ,   engag6  N.   W.
Co.,   at   Fort Chipewyan in
Nov., 1799, probably same as
Cantara,	
Canton, China, 764, 848, 863, 896,   .
899. 9i3
Cantonnias,    ,   a   half-breed
captured   at   the  taking  of
Pembina post on Red r., Mar.
20th, 1816
capapee, 551
Cape  Disappointment,  750,   751,
752, 755, 756, 757,758,759,763,
764, 769, 841, 855, 858, 888, 891,
898
Cape Elizabeth, 864
Cape Falcon, 755
Cape Flattery, 889, 890
Cape Foulweather, 755
Cape Horn, the bold promontory
of high, black rocks below the
Dalles of the Columbia was
so named by David Stuart's
party in July, 1812
Cape Kitchinashi, 460
Capel, Capelle r., 300, see Qu'Appelle r.
■ Cape Mendocino, 857
Cape Verde isls., 762
Cap 1., 33
Caplette, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Capois,   Antoine,   interp. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Capot d'Ongnal, 617
Capot Rouge, 54, 154, 231, 243
Capreolus caprsea, 614
Caraire,  Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
 932 INI
Carder, N. Dak., 410, 412
. Cardinal, Cardinalle,  , father
andson, and various unident.,
548, 55t 553, 554,561,579,582,
'   584, 589. 590. 591. 600, 601, 603,
604, 611, 613, 614, 619, 620, 622,
623, 627, 628, 666, and see next
Cardinal, J., 629, see next
Cardinal, Jaco, Jacco, Jacko, 554,
Cardinal, Jacques, 650, 676
Cardinal, Joseph, 554, 629
Cardinalle, , 554, see preceding and following
Cardinal, Louis, 501, 554
Cardinal, R., 554
Cardinal, S., 554
Cariacus columbianus, 764, 778,815
Cariacus macrotis, 614
Cariacus virginianus, 3, 127, 274,
311, 614
Caribbean, 613
caribou, 285
Caribou isl., 459
Caribou 1., 600
Caribou p., 9
Carlton ho., H. B. Co., on N.
Sask. r., founded 1797
Carlton ho., on Upper Assiniboine r., appears on McKen-
Carlton, Sask., 489, 490
Caroline, ship, 763
Caron, , 629
Caron, Eustace, 629
Caron, Frangois, 629
Caron, Jean Nicolas, 629
Caron, M., 629
Caron, Thomas, 629
Carp brook or cr., 564, 744
Carp 1., 14
Carp p., 14
Carp r., br. of Sask. r., 222, 486
Carp r., br. Sask. r., another, 563,
624, 632
Carreboeuf, 9
Carrier, , 555, see Carriere, M.
Carriere, , 554. 593. 629
Carriere, Andre, 555
Carroll, Man., 305
Carron, , 629, see Cavon
Carrot r., 470, 471, 477, 47b
Carsino, 797, see Casino
Carson, Alex., 857, 861, 871   874,
Cart cr., 90, 93
Carthagena, 814
Cartier, , 630
Cartier, Claude, 630
Cartier, Igm
Cartier, Jacc
Cartier, Jose,.-, .
Cartier, Joseph, 629, 630
Cartier, Joseph, 776, 785, 786, 840,
868, 890, 891, 892, 900, 905., 910
Cartier, M., 630
Cartier, Man., 58
Cartier, Mr., 629
Cartier, Mons., 629
Carver, Jonathan, 27
Cascade inlet, 777
Cascade Locks, Ore., 801, 802, 803
Cascade range, 757
Cascades of Columbia r., 783, 798,
799, 801, 822, 874, 886
Cascade, Wash., 801
Casino, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802,
803, 805, 806, 807, 808,809, 810,
821, 824, 825, 826,831, 854, 879,
880, 890
Cass, , a person, 885, 887
Cass co., N. Dak., 144, 147
Casselais,  , prior to 1803, as
per Wm. Morrison letter of
1856
Casse, Pierre, alias Vienne, voy.N.
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
cassetetes, 226
cassettes, 226
Cassino, 797, see Casino
Cass, Lewis, 227
Castor, a dog, 173
Catabuysepu, 300
Catenoire, Michel, 868, 904
Catept, 478
catfish, 431, 444
Catfish r., 40, 280
Cathartes aura, 4, 147
Cathdot, see Cadotte
Cat Head, 457
Cathlamet channel, 833
Cathlamet Inds., 812
Cathlamet, Wash., 833, 834
Cathlamux, 812, 813
Cathlapotle Inds., 812, 821
Cathlathlaly vill., 798, 801
Cathlayacheyachs, 794, 798, 809
Cathlayackty vill., 798,  799, 803,
 INDEX.                                           933
I
Catostomus lesueuri, 445
Charbonneau, , 442
1
Cattleputles, 812, 821, see Cathla-
Charbonneau, Etienne, 49, 50, 77,
potle Inds.
108
Cauldron Linn, 844, 882, 883, 884,
Charbonneau, Louis, 50
see Caldron Linn
Charbonneau, Toussaint, 50
'
Causey, N. Dak., 322
Charette,  , 423.   I find that
Cautoquoince, 55, 160, 273
this word is or has been in use
Cavalier co., N. Dak., 81, 83, 89
Caveninavish, 384
Missouri r., meaning a steve
Cave, the, Winnipeg r., 27, 28
dore or roustabout
Cawandawa, P., voy. N. W. Co.,
.Charette, Pierre,  engage N. W.
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Co., Upper Fort des Prairies
Cayalle, A., 873, 875
and Rocky Mt. dept., 1799
Cayuses, 819, 827
Cedar 1., 38, 277, 465, 466, 467, 472
Charette p., 28
Charette, Simeon or Simon, 423
-    I|
Cedar p., 12
Charles, an Iroquois, 647
Celastrus scandens, 172
Charles, Archduke of Austria, 558
Celilo falls, 801
Charles,    Mr.,     "governor    of
census of 1805, 282
Churchill,"    in    Thompson's
MSS., Oct. 2d, 1804.   There
Century Dictionary, 790
Cervus canadensis, 2, 62
were two of the name, George
Cervus elaphus, 2
Charles  and  John   Charles.
Chaboiller, Chaboillier, Chaboil-
The former wintered on Peli
les, 60, 61, see next
can 1. about 1793-94; Thomp
Chaboillez, Charles ist (Charles
son speaks of him as under
Jean Baptiste), 60, 61, 79, 80,
" Mr. Staynor's orders," Jan.,
81, 97, 120, 155, 202, 207, 208,
1796
214, 255, 298, 299, 778
Charlo, an Iroquois, 274, 647
Chaboillez, Charles 2d, 202,  291,
Charlo, an Ojibway, 54, 55, 58, 71,
299. 304. 33i. 332. 346, 394.401.
79, 94, 104, no,  117, 136, 137,
417
139, 140, 148, 153,156,159, 161,
Chaboillez, Charles 3d, 61
162, 163, 167, 168
Chaboillez, Jean, 61
Chaboillez, Marguerite, 61
Charlton isl., in Hudson's bay, N.
W. Co. post estab. there 1803
Chaboillez, Mr. (Charles ist or 2d),
Charou, , see Roy, Joseph
Charoux,  Charles, clerk  N.  W.
172, 173,176,189. 214, 245, 274
Chaboillez's houses on Red r., 80,
Co., Rainy 1., 1804                                      •
182
Charrette, Simeon, see Charette
Chaddo, Mons. de, 128, see  Ca
Charron, , 704, 705
dotte, J. B. 2d
Chartier,   Charles,   voy.   N.   W.
Chain of Lakes, 509
Co., Torch 1., 1804
Chalifoux, Michel, 612
Chatham ho., 778
Challifoux, ——, 612, 613
Chatham, ship, 774
Chamanau, 169, 178, 180, 189, 196
Chatique, 470
Chamard, Michel, 252
Chateliain, , 214
Chambly, Bernard, interp. N. W.
Chat Noir, 324
Co., Red Lake dept, 1804
Chattellain, Louis, 484
chamois, 757
Chatteux, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Champenois, Mr., 764
Redl., 1704
Chanauegan r., 786, see.Okana
Chaudiere falls, 20
gan r.
Chaudiere p., 19, 20
Chanou, Frangois, alias Cabana,
Chaumard, Michel, see Chamard
N. W. Co., Kam., 1804
Chaurette,   Charles, voy. N. W.
Chappelle,   Andr6,   667,   see  La
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Chapelle
Chappel, Lieut., 45
Chaurette, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Chapert, Charles, 868, 904
Chaurette,   Ignace,   voy.  N. W.
Chapert, Chaput, Stanislaus, 869
Co., Nepigon, 1804
1
 934                                           INDEX.
Chaurette, Tean Baptiste, voy. N.
Chilts, Chiltz, 855
W. Co., Upper Redr., 1804
China, 768, 913
Chaurette, Pros., voy. N. W. Co.,
Chinese, 864
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Chiniquy band, 522
Chausse,   Frangois,   voy.  N.  W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Chiniquy's cr., 705
Chinookan   tribes,   799, 811, 812,
Chayenne, 332, see Cheyenne
821, 896, 913
Cheboillez, 61, see Chaboillez
Chinook canoes, 779, 837, 842, 848,
Chebois, 16, see Ojibways
855, 860, 888, 894
Cheepoostequahn band, 522
Chinook hill, 754, 755
Chef des Enfants, 241
Chinook Inds., 749, 750, 755, 757,
Chehalis, 855, 867
789, 793. 794. 812, 826, 836, 837,
Chehalis co., Wash., 864
840, 853, 856, 859, 867, 881, 888,
chenal ecarte, 138
892,901, 905, 909, 910,911, 912,
Chenette,  Frangois, voy.  N."W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Chinook pt., 754, 762, 769, 773, 780,
Chenette,   Joseph,   voy.   N.   W.
837, 848,854,856, 858, 867, 891,
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
892, 893, 894, 908, 909, 910
Chenette, Louis, clerk N. W. Co.,
Chinook vills., 789, 793, 855, 893
Rainy 1., 1804
Chipewyans, 524, 532
Cheneyechoe, Paul, an Iroquois,
Chipl., 585
voy.  N. W. Co., Athabasca,
Chippewa Inds., 82, 510, 532
1804
Chippewa r., 240, 292
Chen hyperboreus,. 599, 752, 756
Chippewa vill., 13
Chenier, Ignace, N. W. Co., Fond
Chippewayans, 532
du Lac, 1799
Chippeways, 23, 79
Chisholm, Donald, clerk N. W.
Chenier, Chenier, Chenier, Leon,
N. W. Co., Michipicoten, 1799
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
cherries, 816
chizchickquoi, 203
Cherry on a Bush, a chf., 367
Choecoos r., 707
Cherry p., 9
Chohoptinr., 786
Cherub, ship, 762, 763, 847
Chester, a Kanaka, 868
Choke-cherry, a chf., 367, 368, 388,
390
Chesterfield ho., 279, 500, 619, 761
Chonick, 913, see Cooniah
Cheval de Bois p., 12
Chopunnish Inds., 398, 709, 827
Chevalier, Jean Baptiste, N. W.
Chouinard, Charles, alias Quebec,
Co., Nepigon, 1799
Chevalier, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
N. W. Co., Kam., 1804
Christinas, 667
Nepigon, 1804
Church co., N. Dak., 316
chevreuils, 127, 614, 764, 815
Churchill  people,  561,  see   Fort
Cheyenne Inds., 346, 382, 843
Churchill
Cheyenne r.,   121,  144,  145,   146,
Churchill r., 472, 574
147
Church of England Mission, 488
Cheyenne Treaty, 367 to end of
Chute al'Esclave, 31
the chapter
Chute a Jacques, 30, 31
Chicago, 21
Chute de la Chaudiere, 20
Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul
Cinclus mexicanus, 685
R. R, 147, 148
Cine, George, 873, 875
Chief mt., N. Dak., 146, 147, 148,
Circe, 531, see Sarcee
fMmwmm
Cire, George, 875
Cire, Joseph, 873, 875, see Cyr
Chief of the Wolves, a chf., 368,
37o, 379, 389
Ciseau, Cizeau, 203
Chiehills,   Chiehilths,   Chiekehs,
Clackamas, 812
812, 855, 867, 881, 898, 905,908,
Clackamas co., Ore., 811, 813
910,911, 912
Clackamus r., 811
Chies, a Fall Ind., 657
Clahclellahs, 798
child torn asunder, 161
Clairmont, Frangois, voy. N. W.
f
Chilluckquittequaws, 812
Co., Nepigon, 1804
 Clairmont, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Clam r., 47
Clapp, B., 764, 790, 864, 912
Clappine, Antoine, overland Astorian, drowned at Cauldron
Linn, on Snake r., Oct. 28th,
1811
Clapp, Mrs., 912
Clarkamus Inds., 811
Clark,   Capt.,   of  the   Raccoon,
Clark, Capt. Wm., 297, 298, 301,
302, 311, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323,
324, 329, 330, 331, 332,333,334,
341, 345, 346, 349, 365, 367, 368,
381, 382, 384, 398,406, 423,424,
425, 524, 591, 7o6, 709, 712, 735,
748, 749, 751, 753, 757, 771, 772,
778, 786, 787, 790, 794, 796,797,
799, 801, 803, 811, 812, 814, 821,
827, 832, 833, 836,842, 843, 855,
856, 857. 882, 883,886, 898,913,
914
Clark, Charles, 158
Clarke, John, 759, 761, 764, 766,
767, 770, 774. 779. 783, 784.787.
788, 854, 855, 857, 863, 865, 872,
874, 887, 899
Clark's Fork of Columbia r., 606,
672, 673, 674, 707, 709, 710,786,
895
Clark's map, 297, 406
Clark's Point of Observation or
View, 751
Clark's r., 709, see Clark's fork
Clatscanias, 812
Clatsop canoes, 794, 835, 879, 892
Clatsop Inds., 756, 765, 767, 768,
772, 776, 780, 781, 783, 793. 812,
821, 835, 837. 838, 839, 840, 845.
879, 887, 890, 891,901,905,907,
912, 913,915
Clatsop pt., 841
Clatsop vill., 751, 752, 753, 891
Clause, Mr., is said to have been
the first to go much beyond
Lake Nepigon ; reached Nid
du Corbeau in 1767 ; was killed
by Inds. at Fond du Lac
Clay co., Minn., 147
Clear 1., 581
Clearwater ho., 640, see Rocky
Mt. ho. (Sask.)
Clearwater 1., 23, 27
Clearwater r., br. of Athabasca
1 58:
Portage, 1799
Clearwater r., br. of N. Sask. r.,     Collae or Collaire,
EX. 935
279, 547, 639, 640, 649, 651, 653,
670, 702, 703
Clearwater r., br. of Red r., 127,
128, 233, 429, 610
Clement, , one, or several, 553,
554, 589, 632, 651, 653, 670, 675
Clement, Antoine, 553
Clement, Mr., 633
Clermont, , an Ind.(?), N. W.
Co., left Rocky Mt. ho. Oct.
26th, 1806
Clifton, Ore., 833
Cline or Clive, , engage N. W.
Co., Forks of Peace r., 1803
Clouston, Mrs., 189
Clouthier, Zacharie, N. W. Co.,   .
Grand Portage, 1799
Cloutier, Mr., of Detroit, compare
Croutier
Clover bay, 567
Clowewallas, 811, 819
Clukemus r., 811, 820, see Clacka-
Coah, James, 868
coal, 679, 702
Coalpo, 782, 793, 794, 799, 825, 864,
866, 907, 912
Coalpo's pt., 892
Coalpo's vill., 851
Coalpo's wife, 793, 794, 797, 799,
800, 801, 805, 808, 809, 821, 824
Coaster, Mr., 674
Coast range, 757
Cobourg, Ont., 189
Cockings, Mr., 472
Cocos isl., 763
coehorn, 428
Coeur d'Alene Inds., 672, 709, 711
Cceur d'Alene 1., 672, 709, 711
Cceur d'Alene r., 767, 899
Coffin Rock, 796
cohorn, 428
Coite, Mr., 863, compare Croite
Cold band, of Blackfeet, 524, 530,
539. 54i, 543, 572, 578, 560
Cold 1., 557, 573, 574, 579. 591. 604,
627, 628
Cold r., 557
Coleman isl., 217
Cole, Mr., 498
Colenso, Minn., 143
Coleret, M., see Langlois, M.
Coles, John, 766
Colin, , see Collin
Colin, Antoine, N. W. Co., Grand
t Bel-
 936 ini
leau's ho., near Elbow of Assiniboine r., Oct. 16th, 1797
Collappohyeaas, 814
Colleret, M., see Langlois, M.
Collin, , interp. N. W. Co., at
Alexandria, on Assiniboine r.,
under Hugh McGillis, 1804,
see next
Collin, Joseph, interp. N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804, is probably full name of the last
Collin or Colin,  , engage^ N.
W. Co., Fort of the Forks,
Peace r., 1803
Collins, John, 914
Colocasia antiquorum, esculenta,
756
M.
Colpo, 782, see Coalpo
Colter, John, 914. After his discharge from the Lewis and
Clark expedition he stayed in
the country winter of 1806,
and in the spring of 1807
started down the Missouri for
St. Louis ; at the Platte met
Manuel de Lisa, and returned
with him up the Missouri and
Yellowstone to Bighorn r.
Here Lisa made a post, and
sent Colter en derouine
among the Crows. Colter's
" route of 1807 " in Yellowstone Park, etc., was on this
tour, during which Colter and
Crow Inds. had a fight with
Blackfeet. It was next year,
1808, on the Jefferson r., that
Colter had his historic race
for life, after his companion,
Potts, had been killed. In
1808, also, Lisa returned to
St. Louis to form the Mo. R.
Fur Co. In June, 1809, Andrew Henry went out and
built the fort at Three Forks
of the Missouri. Early in 1810
several of Lisa's men returned
to St. Louis, Colter, no doubt,
among them, as we next hear
of him there, when the overland Astorians were outfitting.
See Brackenridge's Louisiana,
p. 90, seq., Chittenden's Yellowstone Park, 1895, and lat-
ter's letter in N. Y. Nation
May 28th, 1896, where it appears that Colter's activities
with Crows against Blackfeet,
rattier than Capt. Lewis' original killing of two of the latter
the main cause of the long-
.    protracted Blackfoot  hostili-
Columbia brigades or canoes, 547,
569, 604, 622, 626, 642, 645, 646,
647. 648, 653. 654. 677
Columbia dept., 752, 895, 896, 899
Columbia falls, 844
Columbia Fur Co., 146
Columbia ho., 616, 626
Columbia lakes, 300, 440, 606,
672, 706, and see Winder-
Columbian black-tailed deer, 764
Columbian headwaters, 606
Columbian Inds., lower, 812
Columbian waters, 578, 692, 757,
895
Columbian salmon, 750
Columbian sturgeon, 733
Columbia r., 51, 52, 97, 215, 216,
219, 278, 279, 293,439,440,442,
460, 474. 507, 508, 550, 556, 578,
603, 605, 607, 608, 609,610,611,
612, 613, 624, 626,628,629,643,
647, 648, 652, 654,661, 669,672,
674, 675, 677, 690, 692, 693,694,
695. 704, 705. 706, 707, 709, 710,
711, 712, 713, 742, 747, 748, 749,
750, 752, 754. 757. 759. 760, 761,
763. 764. 766, 767,768,773. 774,
777, 782, 783, 784. 785. 786,787,
788, 791, 794, 804,812, 814, 816,
819, 827, 829, 830, 831,836, 842,
843, 844,847. 851,855,856,857,
860, 866, 869, 871, 873, 874, 879,
882, 883, 884, 886, 887,889, 900,
910, 912, 914, 916
Columbia tour, 781
Colville res., 786
Comcoml6, Comcomly, 750, 752,
753, 758, 77i. 772, 779, 789, 793,
821, 838, 850, 851, 852,854. 855.
859, 865, 866, 888, 889, 890, 901,.
902, 906, 911, 914
Comcomly's sons,  768,  770,  781,
 Committee's Punch Bowl, 642
common deer, 311, 614
Comowol, Comowool, 913
Comptois,  , voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Comtois, Frangois, one of six
voys. who started for the Pacific with (Sir) A. McKenzie,
May 9th, 1793, see Courtois
Concomly, 750
Conconully cr., 750
Congress of the U. S., 22, 25, see
Act of
Coniah, 913, 914, 915
Conjuring cr., 744
Connecticut, 867
Connelly, Connolly, Conolly, William, left Ireland when a boy,
and the family settled in
Canada ; entered N. W. Co.
about 1800-02, and went to
Athabasca; was clerk N. W.
Co., Rat r., 1804; "a young
man who has seen little else
than bad and extravagant example," says D. Thompson
Oct. 9th, 1804, when Connelly
was at Indian 1. with five men;
Thompson sent him June
28th, 1805, with Mr. Frobisher
from Cranberry 1. to Sturgeon
rivulet; he was at Cranberry
Lake ho. Sept. 14th, 1805, and
was sent by Thompson to
winter at Indian 1. 1805-06.
He was a senior clerk N. W.
Co. 1817, expecting promotion
next year; was bourgeois at
Cumberland ho. in Sept. ,1819,
at the time of death of B.
Frobisher, whose journal he
took charge of; was in the
H. B. Co., Columbia dept., to
1827 or later. Mr. Connelly
early married a Cree girl, by
whom he had several children. On his retirement he
settled at St. Eustache, Lower
Canada, 1831, and sent his
Ind. wife to the Convent of
St. Boniface, where she died.
He married Miss Woolwich of
L'Assomption. The legal
questions raised after his
death, regarding the two marriages, disposition of property,
etc., at instance of a son by
the former marriage, became
EX. 937
a cause celebre: see La
Revue Legale, vol. i.
Constant, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Constant, Joseph, bis. voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Constant, " Mr.," guide of a trading party sent out by C6te in
Constantineau,
sngage of
510, 598, 607, 618, 650, 652,706,
745. 748, 777. 874. 884
Cook, Capt, 828, 829
Cook co., Minn., 13
Cooking 1., 611
Cook's cr., 42
Coon6, 913, see Coniah
Cooniac Inds., 812, 913
Cootanie, Cootenai, Cootonais,
550, see Kootenay
Copper River Inds., 524
Corbeau, 54
Corbin,  , clerk under M. Cadotte, Lake Superior, 1804
Corbin, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Chippewa r., 1804
Coregonus tullibee, 624
Cormorant pt., 26
corneilles, 239
Corne, St. Luc de la, 482, 483
Cornfield isl., 26
Cornus sericea, 496
Cornus stolonifera, 496
Cornwall, 897
Corriveau, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Chippewa r., 1804
Corvus americanus, 169, 239
Corvus caurinus, 756
Corylus rostrata californica, 815
Coteau de Missouri, 144
Coteau du Lac, 897
Coteau du Missouri, 314, 315, 406
Coteau of the Missouri, 81
Cot6, C6te,  , one or several,
578, 579. 629, 659, 675, see
.     Cotte-
Cote des Serpents, 897
Cote, Joseph, 578, 629, 647, 668,
679, 870
C&te, Jules Maurice, 301
C6te, Miss, 301
C6te, Mr., fitted out an expedition in 1783, under .a guide
named Constant; lost four
men, eaten by famished Inds.
 C6te sans Dessein, 187
Coton, Jean, N. W. Co., Fond du
Lac, 1799
Cott6, , 647, see Cot6, Joseph
Cotte, Joseph, 870, 871, see Cote,
Joseph
Cotte, Pierre, 870
Cotton,   Mr.,   232, 233,  234, 235,
238, 244
cottonwood, 49
Cottonwood, an Ind., 54
Cottonwood r., 129
Coudre, Le, 494, see Elbow of N.
Coulombe, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Coulombe, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Cournoyer, , 190
Cournoyer, J. B., 190
Courtchene, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Ratr., 1804
Courter, Mr., 674
Courtes Oreilles, 82, 429, 448, 614,
673, 695
Courtois, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., one of six who started for
the Pacific with (Sir) A. McKenzie May 9th, 1793, see
Comtois
Coutanie, 550, see Kootenay
Coventry copy, 748, 751, 754, 759,
762, 828, 854
Coventry, George, 747, 915
Covert r., 32
Coweliskee r., 796
Cowie, Robert, clerk N. W. Co.,
at capture of Fort William by
Lord Selkirk Aug. 13th, 1816
Cowlitch Inds., 879, 880
Cowlitz r., 796, 809, 839
Coxe, John, 868
Cox, Ross, 27, 550, 613, 629, 641,
642, 748, 749, 752, 753, 756, 757,
759, 76o, 761, 762, 763, 764, 766,
767, 768, 771, 776, 777, 782, 784,
787, 788, 790, 79t 792, 797, 841,
845, 847, 855, 865,867, 868, 869,
871, 872, 873, 874, 885, 886, 887,
894, 896, 899, 916
Crafton, Ont., 189
Craig, Capt. Thomas E., 883
Craite, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804, probably for Croite
cranberries, cranberry-bush, 82,
753, 859
Cranberry coulee, 618
Cranberry isl., 457
Cranberry 1., 50, 303, 629, 871
cranberry-tree, 82
Crane, a chf., 385, 402
Crane 1., 17
Crawford, , 222
Crebassa, John, 188, 221, 257, 259,
267, 275, 276, 281
Cree Assiniboines, 597
Cree Inds., 35, 41, 42,43,46,* 47, 78,
119, 132, 152, 154,159,160,165,
166, 185, 190, 195,203, 204, 208,
210, 228, 244, 250, 263, 273, 274,
290, 293, 295, 300, 309, 314, 382,
383, 408, 413, 419, 429, 441,444,
445, 484, 488, 489,49t 495,498,
499, 500, 501, 506, 509, 510, 511,
5I3,5H, 515, 5i6, 5I7,520, 523,
532, 533, 540, 542, 544, 545, 547.
548, 549. 55t 552, 553, 557, 558,
565. 567, 568, 569, 570, 574, 575.
576,580, 581, 582, 584,585,587,
588,590, 59t 592, 593, 595, 596,
597,605, 607, 608, 614, 615,619,
620, 621, 622, 628, 632, 635, 637,
644,648, 658, 664, 666, 695, 719,
720, 723, 733, 737, 742
Crepau,  Crepaud, Crepaud,  Cre-
peau,   Crepeaud,    ,    606,
610, 674
Crevier, , 554, 572, 582, 591
Crevier, Charles, 554
Crevier, Jean Baptiste, 554, 868
Cristivomer namaycush, 574
Crochu, Clement, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Croite,    ,   549,   552, 555,  557,
584, 590, 603, 608,609, 611, 614,
' 615, 617
Croite, , or Mr., 863, 893
Crooked 1., 15, 16
Crooked Legs, 54, 79, 97, :
156, 159
Crooked portages, 15
Crooked rap., 58
Crooked r., 512
Crooks, Ramsay, 760,   788,   814,
843, 844, 852, 856, 873, 881, 882,
883, 884, 886
Crookston, Minn., 127
Cross bay, 12
Crosse, see Isle ala Crosse
Crossing Place on S. Sask. r., 490
Cross 1., Rainy River route, 16, 17
Cross Lake rap., 464
Cross 1. on Sask. r., 464, 465, 467
Cross pt., 456
Cross portages, 16
 Croutier, Mr., 7
Crow, an Ind., 54, 71, 79, 83, 84,
85, 86, 89, 93, 94, 95, 102, 103,
104, 105, 106, 113, 117,136,160,
161, 171, 173. 175. 195. 664
Crow Inds., 361, 398, 399, 400, 597,
600,  720,  721, 726,  732,   733,
843, 886
Crown Lands dept., Toronto, 301,
748
crows, birds, 169, 239, 756
Crow Wing r., 45, 146, 148, 149,
274. 428
Crusot, Peter, 914
Cub Bank cr., 311
Cuchoise,   Jean,   Canadian,    at
Michilimackinac massacre of
Cumberland District, H. B. Co.,
476
Cumberland ho., several different
ones so called, 222, 253, 259,
278, 280, 462, 471, 472,473, 474,
475. 476, 477. 483. 489. 508, 539,
558, 569. 572, 582, 608,612,629,
630, 871, 873, 875, 895, 897
Cumberland 1., 472, 475, 476
Cumberland Lake r., 478
Cumberland sta., Sask., 469
Cummings, Mr., clerk N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804; Fort William, Aug. 16th, 1817; had
then been 13 years in the
service
Curot, Michel,' clerk X. Y. Co.,
Lake Superior, 1803
Currant r., 8
Curry, Thomas, 465, 481
Curtain p., 15, 16
Cusson, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Englishr., 1804
Cust's ho., 512
Cut Bank cr., br. Mouse r., 310,
311, 412
Cut Bank cr., br. N. Sask. r., 564
cypress, 688
Cypress hills, 40, 42, 43, 60, 70
Cypress r., 417, 418
Cyr, George, 875
Cyr, Cire, Seer, Sire, Joseph, 195,
197. 231, 873, 875
Daer, Baron, 81
Dagenais, Frangois, '
Co., Upper Redr.
EX. 939
Dagenais, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Daichouion, Daichouiou, 914
Daigneau,  Richard, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Daisville, Joachim, 50, 51, 77, 182
Dakotan, 552
Dakota r., 144
Dalaire, , given as name of a
man who went to the Pacific
with Simon Fraser
Dalcourt, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804, see Del-
Dalles of Columbia r., 801, 856
Dalles of Winnipeg r., 27
Dama platyceros, 3
Damelaphus hemionus, 614
Damphousse, Michel, 443
Dancing pt., 459
d'Anglade, see Langlade
Daniel, Joseph, 705
Daniel, Pierre or Peter, 793, 705
Danish r., 472
Danube r., 558
Daoust, Alexis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Daoust, Baptiste, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Daoust, Pascal, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Darlington sta., Man., 419
D'Ase, Hippolyte and Hypolite,
so in Thompson's MSS., for a
man of the N.  W. Co., Red
Deerl., 1798-99, see Daze
Dauphine, , 561
Dauphine\ Frangois, voy. N.  W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Dauphin,  Jacques,  voy.   N.   W.
Co., Ratr., 1804
Dauphin hill, 300
Dauphin ho., 176, see Fort Dauphin
Dauphin 1., 207.   The remains of
the old N. W. Co. fort on W.
side of the lake, S. of mouth
of Valley r., are  still visible
in S. W. % of Sect. 34, Tp.
26,  R.  xviii.,  W.   of   princ.
Dauphin L,   458,   see  Lake  St.
Dauphin mts., 207, 305'
Dauphin r., 164, 175, 458, 873
Dauphin River system, 38
Dauphin,   Vincent, voy.  N.  W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
i
I
I
 940 in:
Davenport, Colonel, of A. F. Co.
for 30 years, Rock Island, la.,
assassinated July 4th,   1846 ;
city and county of Davenport,
la., named for him
Davenport, Mr., 20
David, , 630, 666, 675
David, Basile, 630
Davies, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Redr., 1804
Dawson route, 17, 26, 33, 40, 217,
218
Dawson, S. J., 218
Day, J., 861, 872
Day, John, 844, 856, 857, 872, 873,
881, 882, 885, 886
Day, Joshua, 856, 872, 875
Daze, , 582
Daze, Hippolyte, 582
Dead Lodge caSon, 618
Dead Man cr., 618
Deadman 1., 566
Dead r.,.br. of Red r., 41, 250,
259, 265, 280, 430,440,448,449,
481
Dean, , 629, see Deau
Dean, Mr., 764
Deapolis, N. Dak., 329, 368
Dease, Francis M., trader among
the Sioux of Minnesota r., ca.
1803
Dease, John Warren, clerk N. W,
Co.,in charge of Rainy 1. ho.,
with 7 men, late in 1816 or
early in 1817, when  it was
captured by Capt. D'Orson-
nens, under Lord Selkirk
Death r., br. of Red r., 41, see
Dead r.
Death r., br. of Sask. r., 562
D'Eau, , 629
D'Eau, B., 668, is probably next
Deau, Baptiste, 629
D'Eau, Guillaume, guide N. W.
Co., Lake Huron, 1817
Deau, Jean Baptiste, 629
Deaw, , 629, see Deau
Debreuil, Jean Baptiste, 882
D'Echafaud, , 510
Decharge a Bas Rond, 32
Decharge de la Cave, 28
Decharge de l'lllet, L'Islette, 34
Decharge des fepingles, n
Decharge du defunt Minet, 34
Decharge   du  Petit  Rocher   de
Charette, 28
Decharge of Winipic r., 34
Decharge, see also Discharge
De Charlaix, see Desjarlaix
Decoigne, Frangois, 279, 280, 484,
491,  508,  544,  562,  584.   597.
616, 626, 641
Deep bay, Lake Winnipeg, 454
Deep cr., br. Sask. r., 611
Deep r., Missinipian waters, 581
deer,   311,   614,   778,   see  biche,
chevreuil, elk, red deer, Cariacus, Cervus, Dama, Damela-
phus
Deer hill,  574
Deer isl., Columbia r., 832, 834
Deer isls., Lake Winnipeg, 453
Deerl., 778, 897
Deer Lake ho., built by D.
Thompson 1796, see Bedford
ho.
Deer r.,'778, 897
Deer   River   ho.,   noted  by   D.
Thompson   May   31st,   1796,
lat 550 34' 05" N.
Deer River, Minn., 267
Defond, Joseph, N. W. Co., Kam.,
1804
De Gray, Philip, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804'
Dejadon, , 269, 291
De Jardin, , 269
Dejarlais, Dejarlet,  , 237, see
Desjarlaix
ainey,  Jose"
Delaunay, '_
Dalashelwilt, 913
Delaunay, Benjam'
Delcceur, -
Delcour, , 674, 675
Delcour, , jun., 606
Delcour, , sen., 606
Delcour, B., 668
Delcour, Jean Baptiste, 610
Delcour,Joseph, 610
Deleon, Baptiste, 659
Delfort, Joseph,   on Willamette
r. in 1838
Deloraine, Man., 414
Delord, , 806
Delord, Pierre, 871, 874
Delorme, , one or various, 193,.
214, 246, 259, 440, 447
Delorme,   Aimable, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Delorme, Frangois, 193, see Enos
Delorme, Pierre, 193, see Lemay,
 Deloze, Joseph, was on Willamette r. in 1838
Demarais, see Desmarais
Demay 1., 611
Demers, Nicolas, N. W. Co.,
killed with Livingston and
others by Eskimo, 1802
De Meuron, 43
De Montigny, see Montigny, O. de
Denard,  , 573, 574, see Dunord and Dinault
Denarth, , see Denard
Denault, Antoine, 611
Deneau, Frangois, 611
d'Englade, see Langlade
Denomer, r , 592, see Desrosiers
Denomm<5, Joseph, 592
Denomm6, P., 592
Dentalium indianorum, 753
Dentalium pretiosum, 753
Dept. Interior, 22
De Qoiue, De Quoine, -^-, 280,
see Decoigne
Derome, Basil, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac
Derome, Joseph
Derosiers, 592, see Desrosiers
derouine, 166
Desbarats, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Descarreau, Descarrie,  , 244,
274
Deschamps, , 609, 614, 617, 622
Deschamps, Frangois, 562, 603
Deschamps, Frangois, jun., 546,
555. 557. 592
Deschamps, Frangois, sen., 546,
549. 555, 557
Deschamps, Jean Baptiste, 557
Deschamps, Joseph, 557
Deschathn, Basile, voy. N. W.
Co., Athabasca, 1804
Des Coteaux, , clerk under one
Campbell, a free trader on
St. Pierre (Minnesota) r.;
murdered by his squaw, soon
after 1804-05
Descoteaux, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Descotteaux, M., interp. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Deserciers, , 592,  see Desro-
Desford and Duford
Desford, J., X. Y. Co., 187, 231
De Shaw, sic, in D.  Thompson's
EX. 941
MSS., engage N. W. Co.,
Reed 1., winter of 1804-05
Desilet, Louis, interp. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Desjardins, , 268
Desjarlais, , 237, see next
Desjarlaix, , 612, 675, 691, 699
Desjarlaix, , another, 237
Desjarlaix, Antoine, 237, 238, 244,
259, 267, 276, 281, 614, 616
Desjarlaix, Antoine, another; 237
Desjarlaix, Baptiste, 659, 665, 666
Desjarlaix, Frangois, 237
Desjarlaix, Joseph, 237, 609, 614,
620, 624
Desjarlaix, Mme. Antoine, 237
Des Lacs r., 315
Des Lacs sta., N. Dak, 315
Deslard, , 871
Deslard, Pierre, 806, 874
Desmarais, , of 1789, 80
Desmarais, , one, 416
Desmarais, , one, at Astoria,
870
Desmarais, Frangois, 51
Desmarais, Ignace, 51
Desmarais, Jean Baptiste, 3, 51,
52, 61, 63, 64, 65, 68, 76, 77, 78,
79, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,
90, 9t 92, 93, 97, 98, 99, 100,
101, 102, 103, 105,107,108, 112,
117, 123, 124, 132, 155, 156,
157. 158, 175, 176, 180, 182,
188, 191, 192, 196, 429, 443
Desmarais, Joseph, 870, 872
Desmarais, Louis, 443, 872
Desmois, , 870, see Desmarais
Desmois, Louis, 872
Desnoyers, , 576, 591,603, 609,
614, 622
Desorcie, Simon, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
DesPortes, J. B., on Willamette
r., 1831 and later
Desrivieres, Mdlle., 896
Desroches, Jean Baptiste, voy.
N. W. Co., Fort Dauphin,
1804
Desrosiers, , 592, 668
Desrosiers, Frangois, 592
D'Est, Auguste, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Desy, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Detaye, Pierre, overland Astorian;
detached Sept. 28th, 1811, at
confluence of Hoback's with
Mad r., to trap with Pierre De-
 1
942                                                 INDEX.
launay ; killed by the Crows,
Dog's House, N. Dak., 316, 411
spring of 1812
Dog Tent hill, 301, 302
Dolly, boat, 747, 749, 765, 766, 769,
D6tour of Lake Winnipeg, 460
Detour pt., 461
770, 77i. 772, 775. 781, 836, 848,
Detroit le Due, 455
850, 853, 854, 859, 860,877. 878,
Detroit, Mich., 248, said to have
891, 893, 899, 900, 901
been founded by M. de La-
Dominion City, Man., 69
mothe Cadillac, 1701; but post
Donald 1., 17
there ca. 1685, and place first
Dondaine, , 624
visited by the French, 1610
Donville, Joachim, 50, 51,82, compare Daisville
Deux Grosses Buttes, 506, 584
Deux Rivieres aux Marais, brs. of
dor6, a fish, 444
Red Lake r., in Minn., 151
Doree, , sick at Lac la Pluie,
Deux Rivieres p., Kam. route, 217
Aug. 12th, 1804; so D. Thomp
Devil's cr., 41, 42
son's MS.
Devil's Drum isl., 468
Dorel., 217
Devil's Lake Agency, 522
Dorion, Jean Baptiste, is listed as
voy. N. W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
Devil's 1., Man., 41
Devil's 1., N. Dak., 145, 286, 406
Dorion, Jean  Baptiste,   another,
Devil's Lake res., 144
was the son of Pierre Dorion.
Devil's mt., 297
'' I   am   accompanied   by   a
young half-breed named Bab-
tiste Dorion, . .   This is the
Devil's Pine cr., 618
Devil's Scuttle Hole, 844, 883, 886
Device's map, 175, 176
son of old Pierre Dorion, who
diable, 604
makes such a conspicuous figure in living's  'Astoria.'"—
diamond willow, 330
Dick, a Kanaka, 756
Towns. Narr.   1839,   p.  244,
Dienelle, Louis, 868, 869, 904
date of July 25th, 1836
Dimo, Mr. (for major domo), 756
Dorion, Louis, 203, 221, 225, 236,
Diomedea exulans, 853
238, 244, 259, 267, 274, 281, 290
Dionne, Timoth6e, 873, 875
Dorion, Mme. Louis, 290
dippers (birds), 685
Dorion, Pierre, 203, 883, 886, 887
Dirtl., 585, 652
Dorion's (Pierre's) wife, 844
Disappointment r. is a  name of
McKenzie's r.
D'Orleans, Thomas, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
District of Ossiniboia, 45
Dornin,    Mr.,   trader   from   St.
District of Sask., 462
Louis, was found by the re
Dixon, Admiral, 762
turning Astorian overlanders
Dobbs, Arthur, 27
at   Otoe  vill.   on  Platte r.,
Doctor's cr., 567, 611
Dog cr., br. N. Sask. r., 546, 562,
Dorrien, in Ross Cox, p. 136, is
see Dog Rump cr.
Pierre Dorion
Dog cr., br. Sturgeon r., 566
dory, a fish, 444
Dog Den butte, 316
Doucet, Charles, see Ducette
Dogden, N. Dak., 316
Douglas cr., br. Missouri r., 320
Dog hill, 302
Douglas, Thomas, otherwise Lord
Dog 1., Kam. route, 218
Selkirk, left Canada 1818, died
Dog 1., Man., 259, 267, 281
at Pau, Apr., 1820
Dog p., 218, 247
D'Oust,    ,   N.  W.  Co.,  Fort
Dog  Rib Inds., 524, translating
Chipewyan, 1800
Plats CStes de Chien
Dog r., 218, 220, 247
doves, 889, see turtles
Dog Rump cr., 546, 558, 562, 583
Doyen, , 665
Dog's Den, N. Dak., 316
Drapeau, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
Dog's Den hill, 406
W. Co., La Pointe, 1804
Dog's Head, Lake Winnipeg, 451,
Drayton, N. Dak., 90
454, 455
Dreuelle, Louis, 869, 904, see Die-
1
Dog's House hill, 406
 1
Drewyer, George, 913, otherwise
George Drouillard, paid John
Collins and another $500 for
their land claims on Sept.
29th, 1806, and sold them for
$1,300 Apr. 30th, 1807; entered Manuel Lisa's service in
1807 or 1808; killed Antoine
Bisonette near mouth of
Osage r.; was tried, and acquitted in a few minutes; was
killed by Blackfeet near Lisa's
fort at Three Forks of Missouri r. while Andrew Henry
was there, in 1809; record of
death in register of a Catholic
church in St. Louis, Mo.
Drewyer's r., 767
Dried Meat 1., 499
Drifting r., 207
Drinking Bull, a chf., 567
Drolet, , N. W. Co., arrived
at Fort Chipewyan July 19th,
1800
Drouillard, George, see Drewyer
Drouin, Louis, listed as voy. N.
W. Co., English r., 1804, appears in D. Thompson's MSS.
as Louis Drouine and Droine,
Red Deer 1., 1798-99
drum, a fish, 445
Drum isl., 468
Drummond isl., 222
Drunken r., 451
Dry Berries 1., 14
I Dry Weed isl., 20
Duaime, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Dubard,  ,   182,   see  Dubois,
Dubaye, , 620, compare Dube
Dube, , 303
DubiS,    ,    505,   (Umfreville's
Dube, 618, 620
Dubeau, Louis,, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Dubeau, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Dube\ Joseph, 302, 303
Dubois, , 226
Dubois, , 553,  554,  578,  579,
580
Dubois, , 873 (Astoria)
Dubois, , 618, see Dub6
Dubois, Antoine, 50
Dubois, Frangois, 50, 630
Dubois, Jean Baptiste, 50
118, 182
larguerite, 50
Dubord, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Redr., 1804
Dubord, Joseph, 182, 226, compare
Duford, Jos.
Dubord, Mme., 226
Dubreuil, Jean B., 873, 875, 886,887
Duburiel, Jean B., is the foregoing
Ducept, Ducette, , N. W. Co.,
was at Winnipeg ho. July
31st, 1798, and at Rocky
Mountain ho., with D. Thompson, in April, 1800
Ducette, Charles, dit Cadien,
started with (Sir) A. McKenzie
for the Arctic ocean, June
3d, 1789; started with the
same for the Pacific ocean,
May 3d, 1793 ; name found
also as Charles Doucet
Ducette, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Ducharme, , 234
Ducharme, Antoine, 234
Ducharme, Dominique ist, 234
Ducharme, Dominique 2d, 234
Ducharme, Jean Marie,. 234
Ducharme, Joseph, 225, 234, 250,
252, 285, 290, 292, 304, 317, 332,
417, 421
Ducharme, Laurent, 234
Ducharme, Nicolas, 234
Ducharme, Paul, 234
Ducharme, Pierre, 234
Ducharme, Pierre litienne, 234
Ducharme, X. Y. Co. in 1804, 234
DuchSne, Pierre, 837
Duchesne, , 890
Duchesne, , an Ind., 914
Duchesne,   Benjamin,   837,   868,
878, 888, 903, 905
Duchesne, Joseph, 837
Duchouquette, Frangois, 868, 904
Duck isl., Lake Manitoba, 237
Duck 1., 563
Duck Portage ho., 778, was built
by D. Thompson in Sept-
Oct, 1795, "on the point of
pine on S. side of Duck p.,
Missinipi r., position made
lat. 55^ 40' 36" N., long.
1020 09' or 07' 37" W.; he wintered there with Andrew
Davey, Magnus Berston,
George Stainger, and James
Bellenden, Sept. 6th, 1795, to
May 23d, 1796
 944 1NE
Ducoigne, Frangois, 279, 280, see
Decoigne
Dudevant, Xavier, on Willamette
r., 1834-42
. Dufferin, Man., 78
Duffusne, , 874, see Dufresne
Duford, Joseph, 63, 187, 197, 205,
214, 221, 231, 259, 270, 271, 272
Dufresne, , P. F. Co., 861,874
Dujardin,  , 269, see Desjar-
Dulude, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Duluth, D. G., 219, 220
Duluth, Port Arthur, and Western
Ry.,«
Du Mai, , sic, D. Thompson's
MSS., engage N. W. Co., on
Musquawegun 1., winter of
1804-05, perhaps same as the
Dumais, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rat r., 1804
Dumas, Pierre, clerk and interp.
N. W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
Dumesnil,    ,   303,   see   Mini,
J. B.
Dumetz, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Dumond,   ,   one  or various,
554. 555. 704, 705
Dumond, Frangois, 555
Dumond, Jean Baptiste, 705
Dumont, , one or various, 554,
555, 582, 603, 607, 631, 634.653.
654, 664, 670, 671, 675, 704
Dumont,  Gabriel,   555,  634,  636,
639,659
Dumont, Jean Baptiste, 555
Dumont's (Gabriel's) son, 634
Dumont's wife, 659
Dumouchel, L., voy. N.W. Co.,
Ratr., 1804
Dunallen, Man., 415
Dunord, , one or various, 572,
573, 574. 630, 668
Dunord, Antoine, 572
Dunvegan,   510,   512,    see   Fort
Dunvegan
Duplein, Louis, 767
Duplessier, , 222
Duplessis,   A.,   voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Dupond,  , 615, see Durand,
Dupont, Jacques, N. W. Co., Lake
Winnipeg, 1804
Dupre, , was with D. Thomp-
09
1 the Rocky n
Duprd, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Dupre, Frangois, bis, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des. Prairies, 1804
Dupuis, , 603
Dupuis, B., 603
Dupuis, Frangois, 603
Dupuis, Louis, 603
Durand,  , 549. 552, 554. 555.
567, 615, 653
Durand, , 572, 573, see Dunord
Durand, Joseph, 555, 592, 629
Durand, Louis, 555, 570, 627
Durand, Paul, 555
Durion, Louis, 276, see Dorion
Durion, " old," of Lewis and
Clark, 203, 886
Durion, Pierre, 203, see Dorion
Durocher ,< , engag6 N. W. Co.,
Lac au Flambeau, 1804
Durocher, Aimable, clerk and interp. N. W. Co., Fond du Lac,
Durocher,   Joseph,   voy.  N.   W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Durocher,  Urbain,   voy.   N.   W.
Co., Torch 1., 1804
Dusablon, , N. W. Co., an old
man at Fort Chipewyan, 1799
Dutremble,   Jean  Baptiste, voy.
N. W. Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Duval, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co..,
Rainy 1., 1804
Dynevor Man., 42, 252
Eagle Hill brook or cr., 497
Eagle Hill fort, 498
Eagle Hill r., 497, 498
Eagle hills, 497, 498, 499, 504, 523,
593, 597
Eagle Hills Assiniboines, 523
el., 592
Eagle r., 33
Eagle's Nest, Man., 78, 178    !(£&■
Earbob Inds., 709, 711
Earl of Southesk, 505
East Grand Forks, Minn., 127
East India Co., 896
East Indies, 756
East Main ho., see Fort East Main
East Mossy pt., 466
East Reed r., 69
East Selkirk, Man., 42
eau de Luce, 731
 Eaux qui Remuent p., 34
Ebb and Flow r., 460
Echeloot Inds., 812
Echinospermum deflexum, 63
Echinospermum floribundum, 63
Echinospermum lappula, 63
Echinospermum virginicum, 63
Echo, N. Dak., 313, 408
Eckmiihl, 558
Ecorces Jaunes, 489
feorchures Jaunes, 489
Ecorres Jaunes, 489, 494, 558
Ectopistes migratorius, 4, 8, 195
eddas, edders, eddoes, 756
Eddy co., N. Dak., 144
Eddy sta., Mont., 674
edible snail, 753
Edinburgh, 603
Edmonton,   Alb.,   566,   567,   568,
585, 603,   619,  633,  635,   744,
745
Edna, Minn., 141
Egg isls., 460
Egg lakes, on or near N. Sask. r.,
562,  563,   564,   570,  575.   585,
586, 595, 596, 602, 614
Ehnainger, Ehninger, George, 764
Elalah, Elallah isl., 832
Elbow 1., 46
Elbow of Assiniboine r., 80, 300
Elbow of Mouse r., 302
Elbow of N. Sask. r.,494,495,497,
498. 539. 587. 592
Elbow of S. Sask. r., 300, 494 ■
Elbow of Tongue r., 230
Elbow r., br. of Bow r., 704
elder, 840
Eleanor, ship, 847
elk, 2, see biche, red deer
Elk isl., 37, 38
Elk p., 9
Elk rap., 42
Elk r., 511, see Athabasca r.
Elk r., br. of Kootenay r., 706
Elkwood, 81
Ellice, Alexander, 255, 301
Ellis, Hon. Edward, 301
Ellisport sta., Idaho, 673
elm, 49
Elphinstone, Man., 305
Elysian Fields, 521, 529
emerise, 816
Emerson br. C. P. Ry., 69
Emerson, .Man.,   79, was called
Gate City in 1874
Emill, Emmel, Emmette, Emmill,
735 IPIIeS
Emporium of the North, 511
EX. 945
Encampment isl., Lake Winnipeg,
455. 458    *
Encampment isl., Lake Winnipegoosis, 215, 277
Encampment isl., Peace r., was
between Forts Vermilion and
Dunvegan
England, 189, 220, 223, 279, 747,
762, 784, 792, 860, 892, 895,
902, 903
England, James, 249
English, 29, 465, 561, 900
English brook, br. of N. Sask r.,
503
English canoes, 561
English cr., br. of Turtle r., br..
of Redr., 138
English 1., 472, see Pine Island 1.
Englishman r., br. of N. Saskr.,
483. 502, 503
English r., a channel of the main
Sask. r., 471, 472,  see Tear-
English r., another, 28, 29
English r., main, 51, 52, 164, 199,
212, 222, 223, 249,268, 277, 279,
280, 282, 293, 303,439,457, 554,
572, 581, 582, 584,592,600, 611,
612, 629, 630, 759, 774, 776, 777,
870, 871, 872,874. 883, 895,897,
so named by or for Joseph
Frobisher, 1786 ; Riviere aux
Anglais of the French ; see
Churchill r. and Missinipi r.
English River system, 38
. Enhydris marina, 753
Enos, Frangois, 193, see Delorme
Eon, Tim D., 873, 875
epidemic among beaver, 256
epinette, 208, 296, 688
foinette blanche, epinette rouge,
Epiphanie, Epiphany, 165
Equator, 25
Equisetum, 667
Equisetum telmateia, 752, 859
erable a gigoire, 172
Erethizon epixanthus, 682
Ermantinger, , retired trader,
Sault Ste. Marie, 1817
Ermine Skin res., 635, 636
Ermine Tails, a chf., 546, 547
Escalier p., 11, 12
escargot, 753
Eskimos, 524, 705
esquebois, esquibois, 183
Esox lucius, 44.4
Essex, frigate, 279, 847, 866, 879
Essex Union, ship, 847
 946 ine
Essling, 558
esturgeon milieu, 192
Etherington, Major, 234, 867
Ethier, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Chippewa r., 1804
Ethier, G., voy. N. W. Co., Rat
r., 1804
Ethier,  Louis, voy. N. W.  Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Eth'tom-E, 521
eulachon, 787
Eumetopias stelleri, 820, 857
Europe, 614, 702, 753
European sheep, 688
execution of horsethief, 552
Eyebrow 1., 300
Eyuck Whoola, 777
Facteau, , 293
Faignan, Raphael, 302, name also
found as Faignant, and Faini-
ant, appar. same word as
faine'ant
Faille, , 554, 556, 603, 622
Fainiant, Jean Baptiste, N. W.
Co., Kam., 1804
Fairford ho., on Missinipi r., 1 m.
below junction of Deer r.,
noted by D. Thompson as lat.
550 33' 28" N.; he left it June
ioth, 1796, via Deer 1., Hatchet
(Wollaston) 1., Black r., etc.,
to Lake Athabasca July 2d,
and returned to the ho. July
21st, 1796
Fairis, Mr., N. W. Co., in charge
at Cumberland ho. July nth,
Fairview, Minn., 84
Falardeau, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Falcon,  , clerk N. W. Co. at
fort at mouth of Mouse r.,
.  winter of 1807-08
Falcon, Pierre, jun., Canadian
half-breed, b. at Fort du
Coude (Elbow), Swan r., As-
siniboia, June 4th, 1793, present at battle of Sept Chenes
(Seven Oaks) and witnessed
Gov. Semple's death wound;
could not read or write, but
became a popular balladist,
whose song of the fight was
pub. by Dr. La Rue in 1863,
and   by   the   historian   Har-
Red  :
souri Ind. woman. The son
was taken to Canada when a
child, and in 1808 returned
with his father to Red River
country; entered H. B. Co. in
1821, and in 1825 settled at
White Horse Plains, where he
was living in 1878; married
Marie Grant in 1812, and besides four daughters had three
sons, Jean Baptiste, Frangois,
and Pierre 3d: see biogr. in
Tasse, II. pp. 339-351
Falcon, Tanner's pseudonym, 98
Falle a Perdrix, 164
Fallewine, 53, 209, see Vieux Folle
Avoine
Fall Inds., of the Columbia, 785
Fall Inds., of the Missouri, 302
Fall Inds., of the Sask., 213, 503,
505. 508, 530, 545.655,656, 657,
660, 666, 670, 671, 718, 719, 720,
7?6, 733. 734. 735. 736, see At-
fallow deer, 3, 127, 274, 311, 614
Falls of the  , see names of
falls besides the following
Falls of the Cleft Rock, Chute de
la Roche Percee, Kam. r., see
Kakabeka
Falls of the Columbia, 783
Falls of the Willamette, 811
Falls of the Winnipeck, 31
Fanny's bottom, 794, 795
Fargo, N. Dak., 144, 147
Farguson, Alexander, 277
Faribault, J. B., 222
Faries, 898, see Fairis,   and see
Faries, Hugh, clerk N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804. OnMay22d,
1810, with J. Stuart and others,
he passed Fort Dunvegan on
his way down Peace r., with
returns from posts in New
Caledonia.en route for Rainy 1.
Farli, Farly, Farley, Jacques, interp. , etc., at Michilimackinac
ca. 1742, witnessed massacre
of June 4th, 1763, married
Marie Josette Dumouchel
Farnham, Russell, 767, 787, 788,
790, 828, 830, 848, 851,864,886,
899
 Farquhar, Capt. F. U., 25, 309
Fat Earth, an Ind., 54, 160
fathom-fish, 787
Fautienne, , 573, 574
Faux, Francis Le, 614
Fecteau, , 293
Felco, Mr., perhaps Mr. Halcro,
arr. Grand Portage June 29th,
1798
Felix, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Fentoine, , 572
Fercier, or Forcier, , 292
Fergus Falls, Minn., 146, 148
Ferguson, Alexander, 277
Feries or Ferris, Mr., being probably   Hugh   Faries,   was   at
-   Cumberland ho. with Mr. J.
Thompson, June 12th, 1812
ferns, 816
ferriage of Blackfeet, 542, 545
Fertile, Minn., 141
Fia for Tia, 913
Fiddle cr., 641
Fidler, Peter, 474, 561. Among
his activities was his taking
part in the disturbances on
Redr., 1814, under orders of
Gov. Miles McDonnell; was in •
charge of H. B. Co. Cumberland ho., winter of 1806-07;
was at Isle a la Crosse in
Sept., 1799
Fields, J., and Fields, R., 914
Filande, J. B., N. W. Co., Fort
des Prairies, 1799
Fily, Laurent, traded on Milwaukee r. about 1805
Findlay, see Finlay
Fine Meadow r., 707
Finlay, Jacco, Jaccot, Jacko, or
Jaco, Ind. half-brother of Mr.
James Finlay, had charge of
a certain Fort des Prairies in
1796; was with D. Thompson
on Sask. r., in 1800, at Rocky
Mt. ho. in 1806, at various
places with him in Rocky
mts. to 1810, and at Ilthkoyape
falls in Aug., 1811
Finlay, James, jun., apprenticed
clerk of Gregory, McLeod,
and Co., 1785, and brother-in-
law of Mr. Gregory
Finlay, James, sen., 465, 481, 508.
He first appears about 1769,
but later records are much confused with those of John Fin-
n Sask. 1
lay and of James 2d; :
all I possess appear s
as pertaining to "Mr.
lay or Findlay
Finlay, John, 255
Finlay's fort, 443
Finlay's r., 5"
First Pines, <
First Rut cr.,. .
fisher, an animal, 103
Fisher bay, 238, 455, 456
Fisher cr., 673
Fisher, Minn., 127, 151
Fisher r., 238, 456
Fisher's Head, 457
Fishing lakes, on Qu'Appelle r.,
300
Fishing lakes, trib. to Beaver r.,
573
Fishing Water cr.,  Fishing Weir
Fish lakes, several, about upper
N. Sask. and Beaver r., 562,
573, 585, 595, 596, 602, 613, 614,
Fish 1., trib. to Sturgeon r., 565
Flacon p., 16
Flag r., 767
Flamborough Factory, H. B. Co.,
before 1750, on a trib. of Hud^
son's bay falling in near the
mouth of York or Nelson r.
Flanagan, , 818, 837
Flat Bow Inds., 550, 708, 709, 710
Flat Bowl., 672
Flat Bow p., 706
Flat Bow r., 606, 672, 705, 706
Flat Ham, an Ind., 647
Flat Head country, 718
Flat Head ho., 674, see Saleesh ho.
Flat Head Inds., 398, 399, 526, 598,
643, 644, 645, 655, 666, 672, 707,
708, 709, 710, 711, 712, 713, 726,
787, 819, 874, 899
Flat Head Kootenays, 550, 708
Flat Head 1., 672, 674, 707, 709
Flat Head if 671, 672, see Pend
d'Oreille 1.
Flat Head language, 714, 715, 716,
717, 7i8
Flat Head r., 672, 674, 709, 710
Flat Head r., 672, 673, see Clark's
fork
Flat Heads, Great Road of the,
672, 673
Flat Heart r., 253, 669
 Flat Mouth, a chf., 54
Flat Rocks, Winnipeg r., 28
FlattJ., 763
Flat, Willy, and his boy, 644, 658,
665, see Flett, W.
Fleming, , 555. 557
Fleming, John, 455, 456, 458, 468,
470, 475, 476, 479. 485
Flesh Eater, a Fall Ind., 657
Flete, Flett, J., 763
Flett, Sandy, i. e. Alexander, 584
Flett,   Wm.,   614,   644,   658, see
Flat, W.
Fleurine, Antoine, 870, 872
Fie
iry,-
-.442
Fleury, Frangois, 442
Fleury, Louis, 442
Flint or Flinty 1., n
Floating Stone 1., 573
Florimeaux, Mr., a Canadian who
passed some years in the N.
W., and whose half-breed son
was a  Cree   or  Assiniboine
chf. in 1804, when the latter's
son was a guide to Harmon
in Assiniboia
Flott,  Wm.,   614,   see  Flat and
Flett, W.
Foie de Rat, 229
Folle Avoine r., br. of Red r., 150,
164, 231, 423, 427
Folle Avoine, unident. place, 283
Fond du Lac, 130, 185, 199, 212,
232, 240, 244, 280, 282, 283, 554,
629,  630,   776,   869,  870,   874.
The house there was in charge
of a Mons. LeMoine when D.
Thompson passed, May nth
and 12th, 1798
Fond du Lac dept., 80, 164, 187
Fontaine, , 573, 574
Fontaine, Antoine, 573
Fontaine, Charles, 573
Foot Assiniboines, 523
Forbes, John, clerk and interp.
N. W. Co., English r., 1804
Forcier, ,  292,   581,  606,  607,
668, 674
Forcier, Stienne, 292
Forcier, Jean Luc, 292
Forcier, Michel, 285, 292
Forcier, Pierre, 292
Forcin, 292, see foregoing
Forks of Athabasca r., 567
Forks of Peace r.,   187, 554, 642,
759
!. Co , 483
cs bay, mouth
--• lat. 520.
181, 183, 185,189, 196, 201, 202,
211, 214, 224, 236,238, 240, 244,
249, 250, 258, 260, 264, 265, 275,
276, 288, 293, 421, 430, 447, and
see Winnipeg City
Forks of Red r., see Grand Forks
and Grandes Fourches
Forks  of   Sask. r., 484, 485
Forest and Stream, newspaper, 84
Forester, Forister, ship, 864
Forsyth and Co., 561
Forsyth, James, 255
Forsyth, John, 255, 256
Forsyth, Thomas, 255
FortlAbbitibbe, built by De Troyes,
on lake of same name, 1686
Fort Abercrombie, 147
Fort a la Corne, 481, 4"
Fort a la Corne, H. B
Fort a la Reine, 290
Fort Albany, on Jai
of   Albany   r., n<
about long. 820, si	
vicinity as old Fort St. Anne
and Fort Chechouan. Capt.
Geo. Barlow, governor, when
attacked by the French in
1704. Old factory on the
mainland, S. side of mouth
of the river ; Fort Albany on
S. side of Factory isl., in the
, mouth of the river ; the two
about 2%, m. apart
Fort Alexander, 35, 40, 213, 214,
791, see Bas de ia Riviere
Fort Alexandria, on Assin. r., 213,
Fort a M. Frobisher, 42
Fort Armstrong, 883
Fort Assiniboine, 207, 301, 345,
522
Fort Assiniboine, on Athabasca
r., 566
Fort Astoria, see Astoria, Astorians. One of the chimneys
of the original post was still
visible in 1834. See Town-
send's Narr., 1839, p. 182
Fort Athabasca is a whilom name
of Peter Pond's first ho. on
R. a la Biche or Athabasca
r., commonly called Old Pond
fort
Fort au Bas de la Riviere, 188,
see Bas de la Riviere and
Fort Alexander
 Fort Augustus, new, 439, 479, 481,
507. 508, 509, 523, 543, 546,
547. 549. 554. 555, 559, 560, 561,
563. 566, 567, 570, 572, 574. 578,
579. 58o, 583, 584, 586, 588, 589,
591. 592. 594. 596, 598, 602,603,
611, 618, 632, 633,638, 705.719.
745. 76i, 782
Fort Augustus, old, 216, 278, 279,
563, 566, 567, 605, 607, 623, 627,
633. 744
Fort aux Trembles, on Assin. r.,
Fort aux Trembles, on Sask. r., 482
Fort Babine, Brit. Col., on 1. and
in mts. of same name, about
lat. 55' N., long. 126'' 30' W.
Fort Bas de la Riviere Winipic,
35, and see Fort au Bas, etc.
Fort Belknap, Mont, 522
Fort Berthold res., N. Dak., 530
Fort Bird mt., 204
Fort Bird's Tail, on Assiniboine
r., at mouth of Bird's Tail cr.
The modern word " Birtle "
is a corruption of this name
Fort Boise, Idaho, 761, 767, 886
Fort Bourbon, oldest, on Hudson's
bay, 465
Fort Bourbon, old, on Cedar 1.,
Sask. r., 38, 465, 467
Fort Brisebois, 485
Fort Briil6, Bruler, 502, 503, 531
Fort Caribou, new, at or near S.
end of Caribou or Reindeer
1., about lat. 560 30' N.
Fort Caribou, old, on W. shore of
Caribou 1., near lat. 580 N.,
vicinity of Bedford ho.
Fort Carlton, 490
Fort Castor, on W. side of McKenzie's r., above (S. of) Fort
Norman, and between mouths
of Great Bear r. and Dahadi-
Fort Charles, Hudson's bay, Rupert r., founded by Zachariah
Gillam, Sept., 1668
Fort Charles, Missouri r., 778
Fort Charlotte, 6, 7, 8, 13
Fort (Charlton?), N. W. Co., on
Charlton isl., James' bay, 1809
Fort Chechouan, see Fort Albany
Fort Chepewyan, Chipewean,
Chipewyan, Chippewyan, new
and old, 51, 52, 80, 212, 216,
219, 223, 277, 289, 489, 510,
511. 532,  556, 862.   Views of
the fort a
8 of C
Whitney's book on the Barren
Grounds, 1896
Fort Churchill, on Hudson's bay,
mouth of Churchill r., built
1715,  in   1776    northernmost
post of H. B. Co.
Fort Clatsop, 750, 771, 772, 913
Fort Confidence, at head of Dease
bay of Great Bear 1., lat. about
66° 54' N.
Fort Connelly, on a headwater of
Skeenar., Brit. Col., lat. a little beyond 56" N., long, about
1270 W.
Fort   Coulonge,   on Ottawa   r.,
above Grand Calumet p.
Fort Cumberland, see Cumberland
ho.
Fort Daer, 81
Fort d'Arc, see Bow fort  '
Fort Dauphin dept., 203, 215, 277,
443
Fort Dauphin mt, 1, 207, 208,305,
Fort Dauphin, N. W. Co., 52,176,
195, 212, 213, 215, 226, 233, 234,
237, 244, 268, 274, 277, 279,280,
291, 292, 294, 299, 303, 417,442,
458, 594, 778, 870, 871. Letter
of John F. Hosegood to Hon.
C. C. James, dated Lake Dauphin, Man., Mar. 7th, 1896,
speaks of the H. B. Co. fort, 1
m. up W. side of Mossy r.,
which was abandoned in 1821,
when the N. W. and H. B.
companies were fused in one,
and says that the H. B. then
moved to the N. W. Co. fort
on Valley r., which he thinks
was called Fort Dauphin
Fort Dauphin, of Verendrye, 175,
J76 gl§PS!
Fort Dauphin Prairie, 214
Fort de Bourbon, 465, see Fort
Bourbon
Fort de la Corne, 482, see Fort a
la Corne
Fort de la Frenier, 305
Fort de la Montee, 215, 490
Fort de la Reine, 289, see Fort a.la
Fort de la Riviere Rouge ou de
Grand Marais, 612
Fort de la Riviere aux Boeufs, old
French
 950 INI
Fort de Levi, on the St. Lawrence, surrendered Aug. 21st,
1760, and became Fort William Henry
Fort de l'lsle, Finlay's, 508
Fort de l'lsle, N. Sask. r., lower,
503
Fort de l'lsle, N. Sask. r., upper
(Decoigne's), 508, 562, 587
Fort de l'lsle, Winnipeg r., 28,
see Portage de l'lsle ho.-
Fort de Milieu, 489, 490
Fort de Nippeduing, 481
Fort des Bois, see Fort Pointe des
Bois
Fort des Epinettes, 296
Fort des Pins, 296, see Pine fort
Fort des Prairies, several different
Sask.- posts so called, 50, 164,
187, 195, 199, 212,215,216,222,
240, 248, 268, 269, 280, 282, 289,
292, 303. 343, 440,443,457,474.
481, 487, 508, 509, 553, 554, 555,
556, 557. 56o, 566, 569, 571, 572,
573. 583. 59t 592, 598, 602,603,
610, 611, 620, 629, 640, 648, 667,
705, 782, 837, 870, 871, 873, 874,-
900, 903
Fort des Trembles,   Assiniboine
Fort des Trembles, Peace r., 512
Fort  de  Traite,   at  Portage de
Traite or Trade portage over
Churchill"
Frobisher first wintered 1774-
75, then northernmost post of
either N. W. Co. or H. B. Co.
Fort de Tremble, Assiniboine r.,
Fort de Tremble, Peace r., 511
Fort Douglas, 44, 81, 189, 557
Fort du Lac au Flambeau, built
winter of  1804-05,  by  F. V.
Malhiot
Fort Duncan, 223   .
Fort Dunvegan, 222, 277, 439, 512,
604, 759, 767, 784, 791, 898
Fort du Mont6, 490
Fort du Pas, Sask. r., old French
of the' Verendrye period ca.
1748
Fort Duquesne, 214, old French,
1754,   on   site of Pittsburgh,
Pa., became Fort Pitt, 1758
Fort du Tremble, Assiniboine r.,
Fort du Tremble, Peace r., 512
Fort Eagle Hill, N. Sask. r.,
burned by the Crees 1780, see
Eagle Hills post
Fort East Main, H. B. Co., 1730,
on E. side of James' bay, Hudson's bay, lat. ca. 520 15', long.
ca. 830 20', at mouth of river of
same name, also called Slude,
Canuse, and Hudson's r. Old
East Main ho. on Fishing cr.,
N. side of mouth of the river;
new East Main ho. on a point
on S. side of mouth of the
river about 4^ m. S. W. of
the old one
Fort Edmonton, see Edmonton.
The H. B. post about 1859 was
a large, oblong, palisaded
structure, with bastions, immediately upon the crest of a
steep descent to the river.
See also Fort Augustus, new
Fort Ellice, Ellis, 300, 301
Fort Encampment Island, 511
Fort Enterprise, so called, of
Franklin's expedition, June,
1821, Point 1., near sources of
Coppermine r., lat. about 640
40', long, about 1130
Fort Esperance, 47, 50, 202, 300,
301, 442, 778
Fort Estekatadene, 784
Fort Fond du Lac, 244
Fort Frances, wrongly Francis
and St. Francis, 20
Fort Franklin, S. W. angle of
Great Bear 1. at its discharge
into Great Bear r., approx.
lat. 65°,long. 1230; Geo. Keith
there winter of 1811-12, before
it had this name; W. F. Went-
zel there, winter of 1814-15;
Sir John Franklin, on his sec-*
ond exped., winter of 1825-26
Fort Fraser, on Fraser's 1., about
a mile from its discharge,
built by S. Fraser in 1806; J.
M. Quesnel sent by Harmon
Nov. 12th, 1810, from Stuart's
1. to reestablish it; John
Stuart went to winter there
1810-n ; Harmon came there
Dec. 29th, 1810 ; burnt down
Oct. 3d, 1817
Fort Frobisher, see Fort a M. Fro-
Fort Garry, 43, 44, 202, 761, see
Winnipeg City
 Fort Garry, lower, 44
Fort George (Astoria), 279, 561,
629, 752, 757, 759, 761, 767,769,
77o, 771, 772, 774, 776, 782, 783,
784, 787. 788, 791. 792. 794. 809,
814, 820, 822, 824, 826, 827, 828,
831, 834, 843. 844. 848, 853. 857,
872, 873, 874, 876,877, 894, -895,
896, 897, 900, 910, 915, 916
Fort George, on Fraser's r., 561,
Fort George, on Sask. r., 216, 219,
278, 280, 293, 481, 498, 504, 506,
508, 544, 546, 548, 549, 554, 555,
557.560,561,562,563,;"
590, 594. 595. 602, 673
Fort Gerry, see Fort Garry
Fort Gibraltar, 44, 187, 189, 279
Fort Good Hope, new, on McKenzie's r., at mouth of Hareskin
Fort Good Hope, old, on McKenzie's r., beyond lat. 670
Fort Hall, founded by Capt. N. J.
Wyeth on Snake r., Idaho,
1834
Fort Hannah, on James' bay of
Hudson's bay, E. of Moose
Factory, S. W. of Fort Rupert
Fort Henry, 752
Fort Hibernia, high up on the
Assiniboine, above Fort Pelly
Fort Hope, old and new, same as
Forts Good Hope
Fortia, or Fortier, Louis, was on
Williamette r., 1842
Fortier, or Fortin, Baptiste, voy.
N. W. Co., Ratr., 1804
Fortin, Louis, appears as clerk
N.W. Co., Ratr., 1804.—Louis
Fortin, N. W. Co., was engaged by D. Thompson Dec.
8th, 1804, at Musquawegun
Lake ho.—Louis Fortin was
interp. for Mr. Wells, Egg 1.,
winter of 1805-06.—One Fortin arrived at Cranberry
Lake ho. June 27th, 1805, and
at that place D. Thompson
says " old Fortin tipples,"
Aug. 17th, 1805
Fortin, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Fort isl., Cedar 1., 465
Fort Isle a la Crosse, 222, and see
Isle a la Crosse
Fort Jonquiere, 484
lEX. 951
Fort Kamanistigoya, Kamanistiquia, see Kaministiquia
Fort Lac au Serpent, on Lac des
Serpents, Roderic McKenzie
there 1786-87, opposed by
Wm. McGillivray
Fort Lac Orignal, or Lac d'Orig-
nal, 164. One post of this
name was built by Angus
Shaw, 1789
Fort La Corne, 481, 482, see Fort
a la Corne
Fort La Maune, sic, is said to have
been built by Duluth before
1684 on Albany r., at or near
mouth of Lake St. Joseph, and
thus not far from Osnaburgh
ho. of H. B. Co.
Fort La Reine, 175, see Fort a la
Fort la Traite, see Fort de Traite
Fort Liard, Athabasca r., 897
Fort Liard, Peace r., 581, 898
Fort Machault, old French
Fort McLeod, Peace r., 512
Fort McLeod, Peace r., another,
512
Fort McMurray, at confluence of
Clearwater r. with the Athabasca, is still kept up
Fort McPherson, on Peel r., within the Arctic circle, maintained since 1848
Fort Mandan, 323
Fort Maskake, 740
Fort Maurepas, 35
Fort Monsoni was near site of
present Moose Factory
Fort Montagne a la Bosse, 298, 299
Fort Montagne d'Aigle, 498
Fort Mumford, on Stikine r., Brit.
Col., near lat. 580
Fort Muskako, Muskeg, 740
Fort Naskopie, on a large lake in
the interior of Labrador
Fort Nelson, H. B. Co., on Missinipi r., after 1740
Fort Nelson, original one, on Hudson's bay at Rupert's, York, or
Nelson r., 1670; locality ap-
prox. of French Fort Bourbon,
1676 and 1682, Fort York, and
later York Factory
Fort Nemiscau, old French, built
1673 at or near Lake Nemis-r
cau (Frenchman's, Rupert's,
 1
95 2                                                 INDEX.
Fort  Nepigon,   old   French,   at
or  near mouth of Churchill
mouth of Nepigon r., on the
r., built 1688, rebuilt 1721
left,    about    1680;   on   some
Fort Providence                ) memo-
maps   as   " Fort Ancien du
Fort Providence, another \ randa
Sr. du L'Hut" (D. G. Duluth)
Fort Providence, a third ) mislaid
Fort Neuve Savanne, French, on
Fort Rae,  on E.  side  of N. W.
Hudson's bay, mouth of Sev
arm of Great Slave 1.
ern  r.,  rebuilt   before   1702
Fort Reliance, on McLeod's bay,
from old Fort Severn of the
near  N.   E.   end  of    Great
H. B. Co., before 1686
Slave 1.
Fort Nippeouing, 481
Fort  Resolution,   80,   on   Great
Fort Nippeween, 482
*      Slave 1., at one of the mouths
Fort Norman, McKenzie's r., at or
of Great Slave r., later name
near  mouth   of  Great   Bear
of the post originally founded
by L. Leroux and C. Grant,
Laker., approx. lat. 64*40',
long. 125°, flourishing ca. 1810
1786
Fort Oakinacken,  782,  see Fort
Fort Richmond, H. B. Co., before
Okanagan and Okanagan ho.
1765,  on  Richmond bay,  E.
Fort of the Forks, Athabasca r.,
side of Hudson's bay, near lat.
581,   so   D.   Thompson,   see
56°
Fort McMurray
Fort Riviere au Pas, J. Finlay's
Fort of the Forks, Peace r., 512,
" old" ho., 1789
583, 874
Fort Rouge, 43, 44,46
Fort Okanagan, 783, 786, 787, 856,
Fort Rupert, H. B. Co., 1667-68,
882, see Okanagan
at or near mouth of Rupert's
Fort on Athabasca r., 642
r., same place or vicinity as
Fort Osage, 843
Fort St. Jacques and Fort St.
Fort Osnaburgh, H. B. Co., Lake
Charles of the French
St. Joseph, Nepigon district,
Fort St. Anne, old French, mouth
1786
of Albany r., same place or
Fort Paubna, 80,   120, see Fort
vicinity as Fort Albany
Fort St. Charles, Buffalo pt, Lake
Pembina
Fort Peck, Mont, 522
of the Woods, 23
Fort Pelly, 299, 300
Fort  St.   Charles,   old    French,
Fort Pembina, 79, 80, 82, see Pem-
mouth of Rupert's r., same
place or vicinity as Fort St.
Fort  Pierre  au Calumet, Atha
Jacques and old Fort Rupert
Fort   St.   Francis,   20,   see  Fort
basca r., beyond lat. 55°
Fort Pitt, H. B. Co., 500, 505, es
Frances
tablished 1831 ;  squared, pal
Fort St. Germain, Duluth,  1684,
isaded, bastioned,  100 yards
on Albany r., vicinity of Lake
from the river
St. Anne
Fort Pitt, 1758, see FortDuquesne
Fort St. Ignace, Michilimackinac,
Fort Pointe des Bois or Fort des
La Salle, 1679
Bois, supposed to have been
Fort St. Jacques, old French, at
mouth   of  Rupert's r., same
established by Verendrye ca.
1736 or 1737, on Red r. about
place  or vicinity as Fort St.
mouth of Goose r.
Charles of the French, and old
Fort Pond, also called Fort Atha
Fort Rupert of the English
Fort St. James, in Brit. Col., at or
basca, and Pond fort
Fort Ponchartrain, at mouth   of
near  discharge of Stuart 1.,
Eskimo r., Gulf of St. Law
about lat.  540 30', long. 124°
rence, in Quebec, near boun
30'
dary of Labrador
Fort St. John or St. John's, 512,
Fort Poscoiac, Poskoyac, 469
767
Fort Presq'ile, old French
Fort St. Joseph, old French, N.
Fort    Prince     of   Wales     (Fort
E. of Lake Michigan
Churchill),   Hudson's bay, at
ill
Fort St. Louis, Hudson's bay, 484
 Fort St. Louis, Sask. r., N. W.
Co., 481, 482, 483, 484
Fort St. Louis, Sask. r., old
French, 478, 482, 483
Fort St. Paul, 563
Fort St. Pierre, 1737, at N. W.
end of the Grand portage, site
of later Fort Charlotte
Fort St. Pierre, Rainy r., 20
Fort Saskatchewan, 566
Fort Sauvage appears on some
maps for the old French establishment   at   Sault   Ste.
Fort Severn, on Hudson's bay, at
mouth of Severn r., before
1686, see also Fort Neuve
Savanne
Fort Simpson, 642, McKenzie's
r., at confluence of R. aux
Liards,   Liard  r., or Moun-
Fort Smith, " at the portage of the
rapids between the Athabasca
and the McKenzie on the
Great Slave r," about lat. 6o°;
still kept up; James McKmley
in charge, 1894-95
Fort Souris, 207, 298
Fort Spokane, 899
Fort Stevenson, 313, 320, 406
Fort Swan River, see Swan r.
Fort Totten, 406
Fort Union, 557
Fort Vermiiion, on Peace r., 511,
512, 581, 759. 767
Fort Vermilion, Vermillion, on
Sask. r., 440, 479, 481, 506,
507, 509. 5i6, 524, 539, 547, 548,
565, 567, 568, 573, 576, 579,
584, 592, 596, 601, 602, 604,
614, 745, 826, 875
Fort Victoria, on E. side of James'
bay, Hudson's bay, lat. about
540 and long, near 78° 20', at
mouth of Big r., on S. side,
opp. a certain Fort George
Fort Wasp Mount, sic, 281
Fort Walsh, in Cypress hills, near
heads of E. fork of Milk r.
Fort Whoop-up, on Belly r.,
mouth of Pot-hole r.
Fort William, 7, 17, 189, 202, 214,
216, 217, 218,220, 222, 279, 424,
428, 430, 438, 439, 440, 506, 509,
539, 578, 600, 612, 621, 747, 752,
759, 761, 767. 774. 778. 781, 782,
783,   784,   791, 792,  856,   868,
sx. 953
869, 874,875,894,896,897,898,
899, 903,904, 916. For its capture by Lord Selkirk and De
Meuron regiment, Aug. 13th,
1816, and subsequent events,
see journal of J. Vandersluys,
Aug. i2-28th, 1816, in Narrative of Occurrences, etc.,
pp. 70-102 (daily record of an
eye witness). For condition
of in Aug., 1817, see Ross Cox,
pp. 287-289. The big Thompson map, which Cox says was
then hanging there on the
wall, is the one of which three
sections are reproduced by
tracing for the present work
Fort William Henry, see Fort de
Fort William, on Columbia, r.
founded on Wappatoo isl.,
" about 15 m. from the lower
mouth of the Wallammet,"
by Capt. Nathaniel J. Wyeth,
1834
Fort William, on Ottawa r., about
20 m. above Renfrew, in Pon-
tiac Co., Que.
Fort York, see York Factory
Fourche aux Gros Ventres, 761
Fourche des Assiliboiles, 45
Fourche des Gros Ventres, 485
Fournier, , 289
Fournier, Ignace, 289
Fournier, Jacques, 289
Fournier, Joseph, 289
Fournier, Louis, 289
Fournier Prairie, 289
Four Posts r., 624, 632
Fowl lakes and p., 9
Foxcr., 488
Fox, Ebenezer D., of Boston, first
mate of the Tonquin, from
New York Sept. 6th, 1810, to
the Columbia Mar. 22d, 1811,
drowned on entering the river
foxes, animals, 108, 820
Foxes, Inds., 187
Fox Head, an Ind., 660
Fox's channel, named for Luke
Fox, explorer, who left Dept-
ford May 5th and reached
Lumley's inlet June 20th,
1631, voy. pub. London, 4to,
1635
Fox-Wisconsin route, 760, 843, 882
Fracherd, G., 871, 874, see Fran-
 954
INDEX.
France, 40, 220 French 1., 217
Franchemontagne, Frangois, 782, Frenchman's butte, 505
870,871 French p., 247
Franchere, Gabriel, 219, 221, 279, French r., 217
280, 299, 472, 506, 573, 603, 640, Frobisher, Benjamin, 42, 222, 259,
641, 642, 747, 748, 749, 750, 752, 667, 792, 873, appears as clerk
757. 758, 760, 762, 765, 766, 767, N. W. Co., Rat r. and Eng-
769,770,771,773,776,777,781, lish  r.,   1804; left house  on
783, 785, 787, 788, 790, 791, 793, Cranberry 1. with D. Thomp-
794. 795. 796, 797. 801, 807, 809, son July 25th, 1805, to Trade
810, 814, 821, 822, S23, 824, 828, p. Aug. ist, and to the " old
830, 831, 833, 834, 841, 844, 845, houses " on Deer 1. Aug. 4th,
846, 848, 852, 856, 860, 863, 864, where he was left with goods,
865,868,870,871,872,873,874, under orders to build. In
875,878, 881, 882, 883,886, 887, 1819 Mr. Frobisher was cap-
899,912 tured at Jack r. by the H. B.
Francceur,  Joseph,   voy.   N. W. Co., receiving in the collision
Co., Athabasca, 1804 certain injuries which led to
Frangois, called a   " creole," was his dreadful death.   He was
on Ross Cox's overland jour- taken to York factory, where
ney of 1817 he escaped from prison Sept.
Frangois Seni, sic, 49 30th,    1819,    together   with
Franklin, John, lieutenant R. N., Aimable Turcotte and Joseph
later Sir, 188, on his first ex- Lepine.   The three wandered
pediton was at   Fort Chipe- on to Pointe de Lievre or Rab-
wyan Mar. 26th to July ioth, bit pt., Lake Bourbon, Nov.
at'' Fort Enterprise " in June, 20th, when Frobisher was un-
and reached the Arctic ocean able to proceed further.    His
July 21st, 1821 ; for his second men left him and pressed on to
exped.   left    Liverpool   Feb. the N. W. Co. post on Moose
I5th»i825, to New York Mar. 1., in hopes of bringing him
15th relief,   and   reached it Nov.
Franks, Jacob, trader, Baie Verte, 24th.   Mr. George Nelson, in
ca. 1805 charge, instantly sent men to
Frankure,    ,   299,   see   Fran- rescue him, but he was found
chere '   dead where he had been left,
Franquelin, 37 half burned by falling in the
Frappiez? , on Kam.   route, fire, from which he had been
July, 1804 . too exhausted to escape, Nov.
Fraser, Alexander, clerk N. W. 27th. His remains were de-
Co., 897, 901, 902, 904 cently   interred   there   next
Fraser, Alexander, proprietor N. year, 1820    The journal  he
W. Co., 255, 897 had kept as long as he was
Fraser, Richard D., 898 able to write was found and
Fraser, Simon, 35, 255,   759, 782, given in charge of Wm. Con-
784, 790, 897 nolly at Cumberland ho.   See
Fraser's 1., 219, 759, 784, 898 Masson, I. 1889, p. 146, seq.
Fraser's r., 510, 561, 642, 777, 783, Frobisher, Joseph, 42, 465,470,474
784 Frobisher's bay, 42
Fraxinus americana, 49 Frobisher's fort, 42
Frazer, Alex., 894, see Fraser, A. Frobisher's ho., 474
Frazier, Robert, 914 Frobisher, Sir Martin, 42
Frechette,  fitienne,  N.  W.  Co., Frobisher, Thomas, 42, 465, 470
Kam., 1804 Frog, a chf., 190, 241
Frecier, , 792, see Forcier Frog cr., 548, 551, 560, 566, 579,
Frederique, Mr., 28 596, 611
Fremont, J. C, 843, 884 Frog 1., 548, 549
French, 465, 559, 663, 900 Frog pond, 43
 Frudelle ?  , see
"■     Trudelle
fur seals, 851, 857
Gabriel, one or 1
called, whetl
not, 611, 613, 615, 617, 627; one
of them is Gabriel Dumont
Gadfly, an Ind., 54
Gadourie,  , voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Gahsemoan, 448
Gagnion, , 544, 556, 582
Gagnon, Joseph, 556
Gagnon, Pierre, 556
Gaillard, Louis, interp. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Gailloux, , 555
Gailloux, Joseph, 827, see Jaloux
Galarneau, , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1800
Galet de la Pointe aux Loutres, 34
Galet du Bonnet, 33, 34
Gallion, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Gallipeau, Joseph, 581
Gallipot, , 581
Gallisoniere, Gallissoniere, 27, 175
Gallois on Winnipeg r., 215
Galveston, Tex., 312
Gamanestigouya, 220, see Kam.
Ganac, , N. W. Co., Kam., 1804
Gap, the, 704
Gardeipied, B , 872, 875
Garden isl., 26
Gardpie, B., 872
Gardpie, Frangois, 872
Gareau, , voy. N. W. Co., Fort
des Prairies, 1804
Garfield, N. Dak., 318
Gariepy, B., 875
Gariepy, Louis, 872
Garrison cr., 320
Garth, Glengary co., Ont., 279
Gass, Patrick, 591, 751, 754, 858,
914
Gate City, see Emerson
Gaudier, J., N. W. Co., left Rocky
Mountain ho. Oct. 26th, 1806
Gaulthier, Gaultier de Varennes,
Pierre, 66i, 873, see Varennes
and Verendrye
Gaunenoway r., 147
Gausacegiushe, 54
Gauthier  , 69, 873, see Gaul-
EX. 955
Gauthier, Auguste, 873
Gauthier, Charles, 873
Gauthier, Frangois, 873, 875
Gauthier, Mr., 873
Gay, Charles, on Willamette r. ,1842
geese, 9, 172, 599. 740, 752, 756
Geillioux, Joseph, 555, 872, 875
Gelineau, Nicolas,   voy.   N.   W.
Co., Chippewa r., 1804
Gendron, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
General Choke-cherry, 388, 390
General Land Office maps, 10, 16,
21,145, 146, 311, 675, 707, 786
Genereux, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Genou, Antoine, voy. N.W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Genou, Pierre, 556
Gens de Corbeau, 597
Gens de la Grande Riviere, 587    •■
Gens de Pied, 494, 553, 579, 597
Gens des Feuilles, 435
Gens des Souliers, 323
Gens des Vaches, de Vache, 144,
388
Gens du Bois, 549
Gens du Bois Fort, 575, 587, 597
Gentilly, Minn., 127
George, a Kanaka, 872
Geo.,   third   mate   of  the Isaac
Todd, 907
Georgetown College, D. C, 505
Georgetown, Minn., 147
Georgians, 756, 895, see Astorians
Georgian Stuarts, 791, see Stuart,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Gere, Aimable de, 240
Germain, , see St. Germain
Germain, Jacques, voy. N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
German cr., 43
Gerome, , see Jer&me
Gerome, , interp. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Gerome, Mr., 544
Gervais, .630, 443
Gervais, Alexis, 443
Gervais, Jean Baptiste, 443, two if
not three persons of the name;
one of them witnessed the
disturbances on Red r. in-
Oct., 1816 ; two of the identical name are listed separately,
each as voy. N. W. Co., Upper
Redr., 1804
 1
956 ind
Gervais, Joseph, 868, 869, 889, 904
Ghost Pine cr., 618
Ghost r., 704
Giaoux, , 555, 584, see Jaloux
Giaoux, Joseph, 872, 875
Giasson,   Frangois,   voy. N.   W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Gibeau, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Gibeau, Louis, voy. N. W.  Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Giboche, Louis, N. W. Co., Red
r., 1799
Gibotte, Louis, interp. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Gibraltar,   a   high    steep   rocky
island on the Columbia, below
the   Dalles,  so called by D.
Stuart's party July 6th, 1812
Gibson, George, 914
Giguere,  Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Gilbert, Charles, 303
Gilbert, Etienne, 303
Gilbert, Pierre, 301, 303
Gill, Prof. Theodore, 444
Gimli, Man., 451
Ginan, Pierre, 556
Gingras, Antoine, 869, 904
Girard, Augustin, voy. N. W. Co.,
Le Pic, 1804
Girardin, Louis, clerk N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804
Girard, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Girard, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Gisson, Rene, 302, see Jussome
Givins, Mr., 7
Glacier lakes, 640, 689
Gladstone, Man., 1
Glenboro sta., Man., 296
Glengary co., Ont, 189, 279
Gloucester ho., H. B. Co., Albany
r.,   Lake  St.   Anne,   before
1798, at or near site of Duluth's
Fort St. Germain of 1684
goat, see mt. goat
Gobin, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Goddin, see Godin
go-devil, 604
Godin,  , nick-named Alderman, in charge of Fort Cou-
•  longe on Ottawa r., 1817
Godin, Antoine, Canadian, killed
by Blackfeet at or near  Fort
Hall on Snake r., a few years
before 1834; Godin's or God-
din's cr. named for him; his
half-breed son was with Bonneville and withWyeth: Tasse,
II. 1878, p. 313; Townsend's
Narr. 1839, p. 114
Godin, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Chippewar.
Ratr., 1804
Godreau, P., voy. N. W. Co., Rat
r., 1804
Goedike, Frederick, 512, was   at
Alexandria on Assiniboine r.
1801-05;  to Athabasca dept.
1805; on Peace r. 1808-09
Goers and Comers, 248
Goldner, Minn., 143
Gonneville, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r.,  1804; at
capture    of     Fort    William
Aug. 13th, 1816
Gonneville, Augustin, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
, Good Fish 1., 573,613
Good Harbor, 460
Goodwin, Robert,   46,   168,  was
factor H. B. Co., Fort Albany,
before 1800
Gooseberry 1., 500
Gooseberry pt., 740
Gooseberry r., 8
Goose Creek p., 475
Goose Encampment, 740
goosegrass, 667, 859
Goose isl., 453
Goose 1., Rainy River waters, 9
Goose 1., trib. to Sask. r., 472, 548,
582
Goose p., 9
Goose r., br. of Red r., 82, 140,
141, 142, 143, 147, 150, 208
Goose rock, 9
Gopher cr., 306
Gosdrick, Silas, 913, 914
Gosselin, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804
Gosselin, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804
Goudrie, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Gouin, Etienne, voy. N. W. Co.,
Ratr., 1804
Goulet, , N. W. Co., Peace r.,
 Goulet, Alphonse, voy. N. W.
Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Goulet, Jacques, voy. N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1804
Goulet, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Goulet, Louison, a half-breed
whose wife was widow of La
Riviere and daughter of W.
F. Wentzel
Gouthier, Frangois, 875, see Gauthier, F.
Gouzzeon, Andre, 370
Government Printing Office,
Washington, D. C, 22
Grafton, N. Dak., 90
Graham cr., 308
Graham, Duncan, traded among
the Sioux of Minnesota r.,
1803
Graham's Point, Minn., 148
Grame, , qu. Graham? N. W.
Co., a lad at Fort Lac Orignal, 1792
Grand Batard, 622
Grand Discharge, Winnipeg r., 27
Grande Decharge, Sask. r., 464
Grande Fourche, br. of Rainy r., 20
Grande Gueule, 54, 238, 239, 243,
254, 261
Grande Pointe, 454
Grande Pointe des Bois p., 30, 31
Grande Ronde Agency, 812
Grandes Fourches, Redr., 127,136,
137, 139, lijl"' r77. J86, 191,192,
194, 195, 196, 197, 242, 267, 275,
281, 427, 429, 440
Grandes Oreilles, 267
Grande Traverse, Turtle mt.,414
Grande    Tremblaie, Trembliere,
292, 294, 295
Grand Forks co., N. Dak., 82, 95,
138, 141, 204
Grand Forks, N. Dak.,  127, 138,
139, 186
Grand Galet, 26, 30
Grand Galles, 16
Grand Gaily, 26
Grand isl., 453
Grand Lac, 38
Grand  Marais,  Lake Winnipeg,
39. 245
Grand Marais pt, 39
Grand Marais, Red r., 67, 78, 188,
285, 447
Grand Nepisangue, 818, 820, 827,
887,    909,  otherwise   Joseph
Mokooman
EX. 957
Grand Noir, an Ind., 275, 276
Grand Passage, Assiniboine r., 57,
185, 203, 211, 287
Grand Passage, Mouse r., 414
Grand Passage, Pembina r., 190,
Grand Passage, Red r., 75
Grand Point, Red r., 437
Grand Portage, 6, 7, 10,14, 68, 80,
156, 164, 172, 173, 184,188,199,
200, 215, 216, 218, 220, 223, 224,
228, 248, 269, 277, 278, 293, 300,
439. 505, 508, 561, 581, 611, 759,
778, 895, 897
Grand Portage des Cerises, 9
Grand Portage isl., 7
Grand Portage Neuf, 10
Grand rap., Columbia r., 784, 790,
875
Grand rap., Sask. r., 300, 462, 463,
608, 667, 776
Grand rap., Sask. r., higher up,
478
Grand rap., Winnipeg r., 31
Grand Remous, 471
Grand River Assiniboines, 624
Grand r., br. of Missouri r., 843
Grand River forks is the confluence of Liard r. with the Mc-
Grand r. is a name of McKenzie's r.
Granite bay, 12
Grant, Charles, 896
Grant, Cuthbert, 44, 47, 80, 164,
176, 299, 511
Grant, David, 80
Grant, James, 80
Grant, Mr., unidentified, 20, 161
Grant, one, on Mississippi r.  in
1805-06, 80
Grant,  Peter, 47,  51,  79, 80, 81,
120, 181, 255, 778
Grant, Robert, 47,300
Grant's Fort Esperance, 202
Grant's From Ocean to Ocean, 32
Grant's ho., on Red r., 80, 181
grasshoppers, 39, 430
Grassy Narrows, 453
gratia, 63
Gratias, Gratiats r., 63, 190
Grattan cr., 499, 620
Gratton, , 620, 622, 626
Gratton, P., 620
Gravelly pt., 460
Gravesend, Eng., 762
Gray Nunnery, 301
Gray's bay, 754. 773. 833, 834, 836,
 958                                            INDEX.
Gray's cr., 279
Gretna, Man,, 81
Gray's harbor, 756, 864, 880, 888
Grey's bay, harbor, see Gray's do.
gray squirrels, 817
Great Basswood p., 14
Greysolon, Daniel, Sieur duLuth,
Lake Superior, etc., ca. 1683
Great Bear 1 , 782, 896
Grey, Tom, 583
Griggs co., N. Dak., 144
Great Bend, Missouri r., 843
Great Bend, Sask. r., 471
Grignon, Pierre, voy.  Lake Su
Great Black isl., 453
perior region, then free-trader
Great Britain, 24, 25, 748, 902
at Baye Verte,  before  1763,
Great   Carrying-place,   505,    see
married   (1)   a   Menomonee
Grand p.
woman,   by  whom  he    had
Pierriche Grignon and other
Great Cherry p., 9
Great Divide, 676, and to end of
children; (2)   in   1776   C. M.
the chapter, see  Continental
Langlade's dau. Louise Domi-
Divide, Height of Land, and
tilde, by whom he had 9 chil
Howse Pass
dren, of whom the sons were:
Great Fish 1., 562
Pierre Antoine, Oct. 21st, 1777;
Great Fish r.  is also   known as
Charles, June 14th, 1779; Au
Back's r.
gustin, June 27th, 1780; Louis,
Great Ind. Camping Place, 468
Sept.   21st,  1783;  jean Bap
Great Lakes, 8
tiste,   July  23d,   1785; the 4
Great Moose isl., 456
daughters 1787-95.   He died
Great Nainouboushow, 521
•*Nov., 1799, aged 55-60 years;
Great Northern Ry., 80, 81, 143,
his widow married Jean Bap
313. 315. 4io, 709
tiste Langevin
Great Pines p., 15
Great rap., Columbia r., 801
Grindstone pt., 453, 454
grizzly bear, 121
Grizzly Bear coulee, 499
Great Red Elk r. is Athabasca r.
Great Road of the  Flat Heads,
Grohman, Brit. Col., 440, 675
Grondin, Louis, voy. c.-m. N. W.
Great Shoot, Columbia r., 801, 803
Co., English r., 1804
Great Slave 1., 80, 487, 510, 583
Gros Blanc, Blackfoot chf., 543, 660
Great Slave r., 80
Gros Blanc, Mandan chf., 329, 330,
Great Spirit, 180, 528
333, 375
Great Stone p., 8
Gros Bras, 194, 195, 209
Great Whitewood Carrying-place,
Groseilliers, , 37
Groseilliersr.,8
Greenbush, Minn., 84
Gros Portage des Bois Blancs, 14
Greene, Lieut. F. V., 25
Grosse Butte, N. Dak., 409
Green Encampment, 794, 833
Grosse Gorge, 670
Green, Francis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Grosse   Isle   de la  Riviere a la
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Folle Avoine, 143, 427
Green 1., 490, 561, 574,589, 600, 899
Grosse Isle, Riviere aux Marais,
Green r., 574, 580
Minn., 126
green sturgeon, 753
Greenwich, 25
Grosse Loge, 54, 118
Grosse Roche, 8
Greenwood Inds., 712
Grosses Buttes, 635, 636, see Peace
Gregoire, Frangois, 647, 674
Gregory, John, 255, 256
Gregory, Lieut. J. F., 25
Gregory, McLeod and Co., 7, 233,
269,580
Gregory, McTavish and Co., 223
Grenier, Joseph, N. W. Co., Kam.,
1804
hills
Grosses   Buttes,   588,  see   Deux
Grosses Buttes
Gros Tete,  557,  see Deschamps,
Gros Ventres of the Falls, Plains,
Prairie, 530, 733, 735, see At-
sinas, Big Bellies
Gros Ventres of the Missouri, 322,
394, see Big Bellies, Minnetarees, Hidatsas
 Groteau, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Groult, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Groulx, Charles, guide N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Guano isl., 453
Guatimozin, ship, 763
Guayaquil, 763
Guenet, Antoine, 869, 904
Guerin, Louis, who died 1865,
aged about 83, was father of
Vital Guerin, who was b. St.
Remi July 17th, 1812, and in
service of G. Franchere in 1832
Gueule Platte, 54, 74, 75
Guilbault, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Guillemont, Louis, clerk and interp. N. W. Co.,   Rainy  1.,
Guilliou,  , 554, 555, 583, 603,
604, 623
Guillotte, Noel, interp. N. W. Co.,
Red Lake dept., 1804
Guimond, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1804
Gulf of Mexico, 145, 384, 462, 473
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 473
Gull Egg r., 460
Gull isl., 460
Gulll., 637
Gull p., 475
Gulo luscus, 694
Gun Flint Iron Mine, 11
Gun Flint 1., 11, 12
Guy, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Guyon, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Guzzeon, see Gouzzeon
G. V. P. Cy., 197
H
' Haeltzuk tribes, 778
Haggart,   Duncan,   voy.
Co., Redl., 1804
Hague, N. Dak., 143
haiqua, 753
Hair hills, 66, 68, 78, 81, 82,
93, 94, 99. i°4, 118, Ii
137, 138, 142, 150, 153. i:
160, 165, 186, 189,190,11
193, 194, 207,210, 225,2:
239, 240,243,251,253,2;
286, 294, 417, 418, 420,4:
431, 434, 440, 516
Hair pt., 466, see Hare pt.
Hairy Horn, a chf., 332
Halcro, Mr., 280, 569
Haldane, John, 255
Hale, Horatio, 555
Halfway 1
561, 587, 598, 599,620,627, 628,
875
Hall, Hugh, 914
Hallock, Charles, 84
Hallock, Minn., 84
Hallowell, Wm., 255, 256
Halsey, J. C, 752, 758, 759, 761,
762, 764, 765, 766, 776, 790,817,
848, 852, 854, 864
Halstad, Minn., 143
Halthwypum, 827
Hamel, ,  555,  557,  576, 605,
615, 617, 620, 629
Hamel, Frangois, 52
Hamelin,  , with D. Thompson on the" Columbia, 1811
Hamelin,   Louis,   established   at
Michilimackinac after 1763
Hamel, Joseph, 51, 52, 77,120, 152,
155, 166, 182, 277
Hamelle, , 557, see Hamel
Hamel, " Mr.," 603
Hamilton, Mr., 247, probably the
Hamilton, W. H.,  clerk N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Hance, see Ainse
Hand hills, 618
Haney, H, 424, see Heney
Hanged, an Ind., 53
Hanie, Mr., 425, see Heney
Hannaford, Minn., 21
Haplocerus   montanus,  641,
, 682,
757
Haplodinotus grunmens, 445
Haplodon rufus, 749
haquilaugh, 783
Haranguer, a Piegan) 657
Hare Inds., 524
Hare pt., 466
Hare r., 146
hares, 559, see Lepus
Harmon, Daniel Williams, 11, 27,
33, 35, 204, 208, 213, 219, 220,
277, 290, 291, 296, 298, 299, 300,
301, 345, 439, 462,465, 474, 484.
512, 575. 58o, 784. 79i. 899,916
Harmon's fort, 899
Harnois, Toussaint, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
I
 960                                                 INDEX.
Harper, John, H. B. Co., traveled
a party of Eskimo, July i6th,
with D. Thompson from See-
in sight of the sea,. 8 m. dis
paywisk ho. to York Factory
May 28th-July 31st, 1793
tance, morning of the 17th,
and .reached it that day ; no
Harrington, , two brothers so
sunset ; . took  possession  of
named, engaged  as hunters
the coast on behalf of the H.
at St. Louis for the overland
B. Co., and started back July
Astorian expedition,  one  in
18th ;  reached P. of W. fort
autumn of 1810, other in Mar.,
June    30th,   1772,    after   18
1811'; both abandoned the ex
months' and 23 days' absence.
pedition May 2d, 1811, a little
Hearne  was   thus   the   first
above FJatte r.
white man who ever traversed
Harrison, Edward, 203, 214, 221,
the  Barren  Grounds,  lately
224, 236, 237, 238, 244, 246,248,
exploited by Warburton Pike,
255. 258, 259
Caspar Whitney, and others.
Harris, William, clerk and interp.
Regarding the question which
N. W. Co., Le Pic, 1804
some have raised of his found
Harry, a Kanaka, 868
Hastings 1., 611
ing    Cumberland    Ho.,   his
own statements are (I cite 2d
Hatpt, 7
ed., 8vo, Dublin, 1796): "Inthe
Hauteur de Terre, 11, see Height
spring of the year 1775, when
of Land
I  was building Cumberland
Haviland, Man., 415
House," p. 34.    "An inland
Hawaii, 846
settlement that I established
Hawes, Jasper, 641
Hawkesbury, 40
for the  Hudson's Bay Company in the year 1774," p. 266.
" When I was at Cumberland
Hawley, Minn., 147
Hawse, Haws, jasper, 613, 641
Hayes r., see York r.
House, in the Fall of 1774,"
p. 378.    " In the Fall of 1774,
Hay 1., 611     .
when I first settled at Cum
hazel trees, 815
berland House," p. 435.   He
Hazleton, Minn., 84
says, p. 436, that his "crew
Headingly, Man., 288
.  .  . consisted only of eight
Hearne, Samuel, 472, 474.     His
Englishmen and two of the
first journey, from Prince of
home    Indians   from    York
Wales  fort and return, Nov.
Fort," and that " Cumberland
6th-Dec.   nth,   1769, was  a
House   was the   first inland
failure from desertion of his
settlement the [H. B.] com
Indians under Chawchinahaw.
pany made."
His only two white men were
Wm. • Isbester  and Thomas
Heart brook, 583
Heaslip, Man., 415
Merriman.   Second journey:
Hebert, Baptiste, N. W. Co., Red
Left P. of W. fort Feb. 23d,
Deer 1., 1798-99
1770, with three Northern and
Hebert, Joseph, N. W. Co., Red
two Southern Inds.,  and no
Deerl., 1798-99
whites;  proceeded   to Aug.
12th, about 63 ° 10', broke quad
Hecla, Man., 453
He Dog, a Cree, 703
rant,  and  decided to return.
Heiburg, Minn., 143
Reached the fort Nov. 25th,
Height of Land, Athabasca Pass,
1770, after a fruitless journey
668, 669
of  8  months   and 22 days.
Height of Land between Hudson
Third.journey :   Left the fort
and Mexican waters, 143
Dec. 7th, 1770, with the guide
Height  of  Land between Sask.
Matonabbe; reached Copper
and Athabascan waters, 565,
Mine r. July 13th, 1771, at a
566, 573
place where it was 180 yards
Height of Land, Howse Pass, 508,
wide, shoal, with three falls in
607, 674, 675, 688, 690, 692, 693,
ftHJf?
sight;   his   Inds.  massacred
•~	
 Height of Land, Kam. route, 218,
247
Height of Land 1., in Minn., 146
Height of Land, Nicollet's, 143
Height of Land, N. border of Ontario, 29, 217
Height of Land, Peace r., 898
Height  of  Land,  Pigeon River
route, 277
Height of Land p., Pigeon River
route, 8, n, 203
Height of Land, South Pass, 882
Heinbrucks, see Steinbruck
Helix fidelis, 840
Helix pomatia, 753
•Hendrum, Minn., 143 .
Heney, Hugh, 424, 425,426
Henley ho., H. B. Co., Albany r.,
above the forks, ca. 1744
Hennepin, Louis, 505, 872
Henny, H., 424, see Heney
Henry, , unidentified, 620
Henry, Alexander, one, is said to
have been killed at Fort Nelson, winter of 1813-14 (before
Jan. 15th, 1814)
Henry, Alexander, sen., 7, 13, 20,
23. 27, 32, 35, 37, 122, 465, 470,
472, 474, 481, 487, 867
I Henry, Alexander, the author of
this book, is not indexed
Henry,   Andrew,   752,   787,  843,
867, 885
" Henry," Hugh, 424, see Heney
Henry, " J.," occurs in Franchere,
in connection with the Athabasca Pass
Henry, Robert, 584, 767, settled in
Cobourg in 1817 and d. there
1859, aged 81  years; wife d.
1865, aged 79 years
Henry's (Andrew's) Fork of Snake
i; 752, 787. 843. 844, 867, 882,
884, 885
Henry's (Andrew's) post, 844
Henry's (William's) camp, 642
Henry's (William's) ho., 642
Henry, William, 253, 258, 270, 273,
275,  276, 285, 288, 292,   422,
424, 429, 440, 608, 627,   641,
642, 646,  650,  653, 654,   669,
752,  757.  777.  797.  810,   814,
815, 831,  854.   860,   868,   892,
893,  908,  910,  913
Henry, William, another, 253, 641
Hepburn, Mr., on Franklin's first
. expedition, 1821
heron, a bird, 103
EX. 96I
Heron, Mr., at Fort Alexander,
Bas de la Reviere, with Crebassa, July,1817
Heron rap. and sta., Mont., 673
Herring rap., 673
Herse, Joseph, clerk N. W. Co.,
Torch 1., 1804
Hesperocichla nasvia, 816, 835
Hesse, Charles, 228, 231, 238, 244,
250, 251, 259, was with Bostonnais Pangman, Alexander
Fraser and others at Pembina
River post on its capture by
H. B. Co., Mar. 20th, 1816
He that Speaks Cree, an Assiniboine, 742
Hetu, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1804
Hidatsa, Hidatsan, Hidatsas, 322,
323. 352, 530, 733
High Bluff parish and sta., Man.,
High Craneberry r., 82
Highlanders, 472
High wood r., 704
H3i
t. 753
Hill, , seaman, 764,765, 774. 775
Hillier, Capt., 762
Hill, James J., 80
Hill of the Murdered Scout, 313
Hill, Quartermaster, 770
Hill, Robert, of Albany, N. Y.,
ordinary seaman on the Tonquin from N. Y. Sept. 6th,
1810,  to the  Columbia Mar.
Hillsboro, N. Dak., 142
Hillyard, Hillyer, Capt., 762
Hind, H. Y,  306,  453,  455,  468,
75. 483
Hni
-.451
Hoback, John, 885, 887
Hoback's r., 844, 857, 872, 874
Hobbema sta., Alb., 635
Hobhough, John, 887 *
Hodgkin'spt, 673
Hoffman, Dr. W. J., 125
Hohe, 522
Holbrook, Hollbroke, on C. and
E. Ry., 636
Holdane, Mr. (probably Mr. John
Haldane), left Fort Duncan,
Nepigon, with D. W. Harmon, Dr. J. McLaughlin, and
others, Aug. 13th, 1807, en
route to Red 1., where he wintered
IP
111
I   lii
m
 962 INE
Holden,  , probably meaning
Mr. John Haldane, was found
by D. Thompson at Winnipeg
ho., Bas de la Riviere, with
one Ducette, and one Chaurette, Chauvette, or Charrette
Hollow Hill cr., 564
Holmes,  , tailor N. W. Co.,
left Fort George on the Columbia Apr. 16th, 1817, overland for Fort William; at
mouth of Canoe r. was sent
back to Spokane ho. with six
other invalided voyageurs;
was wrecked, sustained life
some time by cannibalism,
died, and was eaten in turn
by La Pierre and Dubois
Holmes' isl., 487
• Holmes, Mr., 487
Holmes, Samuel, 487
Holt, , H. B. Co., killed with
Gov. Semple and others near
Fort Douglas June 19th, 1816
Honor6, Joseph, voy. N.W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Hoole, Jacques, b. in France,
soldier in Scotland in 1745,
wounded and captured at
Culloden, exchanged and sent
to Canada, engaged in old
American war, present at battle of Abraham Plains, arrested in carrying Montcalm
into Quebec; turned farmer
and married; sergeant of the
militia in the Revolutionary
war; wounded at siege of
Quebec, and lame for life;
left the army for the life of
a free trapper; went west,
and was killed by Blackfeet in
1814, aged 92; was long known
as Pere Hoole
Hool, Louis Joseph, 301, 303, 442
Hope sta., Idaho, 673
Horse cr., 503, 627
Horse Hill cr., 567
Horse hills, 567, 581, 594, 620
Horse isl., 461
Horse 1., 566
Horse Pond cr., br. Medicine r., 739
Horse Pound cr.  or r., 638,639,
Horseshoe fort or ho.,  506, 554,
- [, 784
Houle, , 442, compare Hoole,
Jacques
Houle, Frangois Capois, jun., 442
Houle, Louis, 302, 303, 442, compare Hool, Louis Joseph
House, Mr., H. B. Co., 479, 547,
599, 605, 627, 656
House of Commons, 301
Howard, Thos. P., 914
Howes, Josp., 641,   see   Hawes,
Howse pass, 508, 569, 607, 640,
674, 681, 689, 692, 703, 900
Hubbough, John, 887
Hubert, Simon,	
Hudson House by Mr. Turner,
487
Hudson House by Mr. Tomison,
489
Hudsonian waters, 21, 143, 217
Hudson's bay, 8,   29,  38,  41,  44,
145, 256, 462, 465, 472, 473, 580
Hudson's Bay Co., 20, 21, 22, 26,
35, 36, 38, 44, 46, 50, 79, 81,
146, 167, 187, 189, 190, 194,
196, 198, 202, 213, 216, 220,
223, 237, 255, 265, 266, 275,
276, 277, 280, 281, 291, 293,
297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302,
329. 345. 352, 355. 356, 416,
424, 425, 426, 427, 438, 440,
463, 466, 468, 472, 474, 475,
477, 479. 484, 487. 489, 490,
500, 503, 505. 507. 531. 533.
541. 545. 546, 55i. 552, 558,
559. 560, 563, 566, 568, 569,
574. 578, 579, 580, 589, 591,
592, 593, 594, 598, 599. 600,
•601,  604,  605,  606,  607,   609,
611,  612,  614,  616,  617,   619,
627,  633,  649,   653,   654,   655,
656,  659,  662,  664,  666,   668,
669,  670,  671,  672, 675,   734,
742,  745.  746.  761,  766,   767,
778,   782,  784,  792,  895
Hudson's Hope, new, 489, 512, 642
Hudson's Hope, old, 489, 512, 642
Hudson's ho. on Sask. r., 489, 642
Hughes, —r-, an American, 275
Hughes, James, 255, 278, 279, 474,
508, 543, 566, 568, 570, 583, 584.
585, 594, 596, 600, 617, 626, 628.
655, 663, 745. 782, 791
hummingbirds, 889
Huneau, , 265
Hungry Hall, 477, 480
 Hunter's isl., 217
Hunter's Lodge, on Athabascan
headwaters, 1814, so named by
Franchere, p. 238
Hunting hill, 618
Hunting 1., 673
Huntington, J. V., 748, 762
Hunt, Wilson Price, 760, 764, 790,
795, 841, 842, 843, 844. 845.847,
848, 849, 850, 851, 852, 853. 854
857, 859, 860, 861, 864, 866, 867
871, 873, 874, 882, 883, 884,885
886
Huot, Minn., 127, 128
Huron, N. Dak., 79
Hurricane hills, 308
, Hurteau, J., 872, 874, 875
Hurteau, Pierre*, 872
hurtleberries, 753
Husavik, Man., 451
Hutchins, Mr., succeeded Humphrey Martin at Fort Albany,
1774
Hutchison, Lieut., 779
hyaquau, 753
Hyodon tergisus, 444
. Icelander's r., 451
Icelandic r., 451
Icelandic River, Man., 451
Idaho, 667, 672, 673, 675,  707, 709,
Ignace, an Iroquois, 647, 860, 908
Ignace's boy and woman, 891
lie aux Fraises, 801
Illinois, 550
Illinois r., 303, 384, 735
ilots de maisons, 66
Ilthkoyape falls, 51, 442, 647, 705,
776
Immell, , 735
impounding buffalo, 518, 576, 577
India, 365
Indiamen, 762
Indian Head, 522
"' a Pear Island 1., 471
ilies, tribes, and individuals
Inglis, John, 255
Invincible, ship, 202, 214, 216, 221
Iowas, 187
Iron cr., 499, 620, 622
Iron isl., 453
Iron 1., 16
Iron Stone, a place, 622
)EX. 963
Iroquois Inds., 550, 610, 641, 643,
647. 704. 734. 839, 908
Iroquois, Pierre, of N. W. Co.,
Kam., 1804. Such Inds. in
the service often took their
tribal name as surname or
soubriquet in addition to a
baptismal name. See Ignace,
Thomas, etc.
Irving, Washington, 215, 221, 556,
748, 749. 750, 758, 760, 769, 771,
783, 788, 789, 842, 843, 845,846,
847, 856, 873, 874, 881, 882, 883,
854, 886
Isaac's ho., 482
Isaac Todd, the, a ship, 279, 762,
763, 773, 774, 778, 779, 792, 826,
841, 847, 866, 868, 893, 894, 895,
896, 899, 900, 902, 903, 904, 905,
906, 907, 909, 912, 915, 916
Isham, Charles, 561
Isherwood P. O., Ont., 21
Island falls, 218
Island fort or ho., on N. Sask. r.,
above Fort George, 562, 585,
615
Island ho., on N. Sask. r., lower,
503
Island ho., on Winnipeg r., 28
Island of Festivals, 468
Island p., Kam. route, 217
Island p., Winnipeg r., 28, 553
Isle a la Biche, 37, 264
Isle a la Crosse, 223, 279, 557, 561,
580, 581, 582, 584, 589,600,604,
611, 628, 777
Isle a la Crosse ho., N. W. Co.,
580, 581. The H. B. Co. ho.
there was captured by the N.
W. Co., winter of 1816-17.
The N. W. Co. ho. was in
charge of McMurray and Ogden when R. Cox passed,
June 26th, 1817. The two
houses % m. apart
Isle a la Crosse 1., 619
Isle aux Festion, Festins, 468
Isle de Fer, 453
Isle de la Traverse, Cedar 1., 466
Isle d'Encampement, 456, 458
Isle du Passage, Redr., 117
Isle Jesus, 188, 249
Isle I., 565
Islenois r., 384
islettes ,de bois,  66
Isles d'^corce, traverse of, in
Lake Winnipeg (Ross Cox,
p.  277), is evidently  Henry's
 r
964
"traverse of Bark island":
see Bark isl.
Isthmus of Darien, 814
Itasca co., Minn., 20, 21, is badly
named, for Lake Itasca is not
in it, and an erroneous impression is thus conveyed regarding the source of the Mississippi. The trouble was the
ignorance of Minnesota legislators in 1849, when even
the Rev. E. D. Neill, then
fresh from his Illinois ministry, had not acquired the
information he subsequently
possessed, or at any rate
did not use his influence
to prevent a misnomer.
The credit of fixing appropriate names of six or eight Minnesota counties is mainly due
to the late Mr. A. J. Hill of
St. Paul, whd once wrote me
that he should always regret'
that he was not so successful
in this case
Itasca 1., 143, 146
Ixodes, 180
Jacco's brook or cr., 650,679
Jackfish isl., 20
Jackfish r., br. of N. Sask. r., 501
. Jackfish r., trib. to Lake Winnipeg, 456
Jackhead isl., 455
Jacko's brook, 679
Jack r., 456
Tack's falls, 31
Jackson cr., 308
Jacob's band, 522
Jacob's falls, 31
Jaco's, Jacqucos, or Jacques',
brook or cr., 507, 607, 650,
679, 698, 699
Jacques, 667, 670
Jacques r., 144
Jaloux, Joseph, 555, 872, 875
Jamaica, 814
Jambes Croches, 54, 97
James, a servant of Mr. A. McKenzie, drowned at Fort William Aug. 2d, 1812
James' bay, 426, 484, named for
Capt. Thomas James, whose
voy. was pub. London, 4to,
1633
mes' cr., 618
mes, Dr. Edwin, 3, 18, 20, 41,
47, 70, 82, 97, 98, 263, 291, 425,
733
mes' falls, 30
mes,   Mr.,   wintered   at   Lac
Esturgeon, 1778
mes' p., 31
mes r., br. of Red Deer r., 702
mesr.,inN. Dak., 144
mes' Tanner's Narr., see James,
Dr. E., and Tanner, J.
ne, the, a boat,  749,  901, 902,
903, 906, 907, see Dolly
Jarves, Jarvis, 443, see Gervais
Jarvis, , 584
Jarvis, Mr., 583
Jasmin, Michel, 226, 227
Jasper ho., 613, 640, 641, 642, 759
Jasper 1., 641
Jeboint Paul, interp. N. W. Co.,
Upper Redr., 1804
Jellifaux, ——, 612
Jemmerck, 605, 620
Jennings, Mont., 673
Jer6mie, P. D., 773
J6r6me, 544, 545, 555, 557, 584, 587,
599, 603, 604, 620, 623, 627
Jerome, Jerome, Mr., 280, 544
Jerdme, Pierre, 544
Jervis, , 443, see Gervais
Jesmin, Michel, 227
Jewettmap, 21, 146
Jewish dogma, 529
Jnumell, 735
Jobin, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
"Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Jobin, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Jocquot's son, 757
Jodoin, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.',
Fond du Lac, 1804
Joe, 849, 877, 878, 891, 893, 909,
see Ashton, Joseph
John Day r., 856
John Gray's r., 884
Johnston, John, of Irish extraction,
came to Canada aged about
20, began as freeman at La
Pointe, winter 1791-92; married dau. of Wabogish or
White Fisher; settled at S. S.
Marie, d. there 1828; his
dau. became Mrs. H. R.
Schoolcraft: see Kingsford,
Dominion Monthly, July, 1881,
 965
"   and   Masson,  II.   1890,    pp.
135-174
Joli,  ,   of   N.  W.  Co.,  Fort
Chipewyan, winter 1799-1800
Jolie Butte, 606
Jolies Prairies, 666
Joliet, Minn., 84
Joliet, , voy. N. W.Co., Upper
Redr., 1804
Jollifou,. , engage N. W. Co.,
Assin. r., winter 1793-94
Joncquard, Chrysostome, 302, 303
Jor
-., 735
Jones, Benjamin, 857,871, 881, i^
Jordan, Martin, was at Fort Gibraltar on Red r., when it was
seized by C. Robertson for
the H. B. Co., Apr., 1816; was
witness in the Semple case at
Toronto, Oct. 1818
Joseph, a Nipissing Ind., with D.
Thompson on the Columbia,
1811
Joseph, an Iroquois, 610, 626
Joseph 1., 611
Joshua, a Kanaka, 875
Jourdain, Joseph, guide N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804; witness
in the Semple case, Toronto,
Oct., 1818. Name also found
as Jourdains. He was b.
Nor6, Lower Can., and was
engage N. W. Co., on Red
r. 1815-16, at Pembina River
post Mar. 20, 1816, when it
was captured by the H. B. Co.
Joutel's Narr., 346
Joyalle, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Redr., 1804
"uan de Fuca straits, 848
uan Fernandez, 763
udge, a person, 867
uggernaut, 365
umping deer, 305, 634
Jumping Deer hills, 624
Jumping Pound r., 704
—eau, Laurent Solomon, b. near
Montreal Aug. 9th, 1793, son
of Frangois Juneau dit La
Tulipe and Therese Galar-
neau; incorrectly reputed first
white man at Milwaukee, but
was not there till 1818, and
had been preceded there since
1777; d. Nov. 13th, 1856
Juniper isl., 456
Ren6, 301, 302, 333, 401
K
Kababeka falls, 218
Kabetogama 1., 18
Kagohami, 329
Kahpetogamak 1., 18
Kakabeka falls, 218
Kakepenais res., 34
Kalama r., 796
Kalapooian family, 812, 814
Kalispel Inds., 709
Kalispelm, 709
Kalispel, Mont., 709
Kalisteno, 505, see Knisteneaux
Kalo, 756
Kamanatekwoya, Kamanaitequo-
ya, Kamanistiquoia, Kaminis-
tikia, Kaministi Kweya, Kam-
inistiqa,   Kaministiqua,    -~
Kaministiquia, 7, 17,187, 216, 217.
219, 220, 224, 246, 248, 258,260,
276, 277, 279, 280,282, 283, 284,
423, 424, 474, 508, 509, 556, 569,
580, 581, 583, 603,608, 630, 747
782, 784, 791, 870, 871, 872, 873
874
Kaministiquia r., 217, 218, 219
774
Kaministiquia route, 51, 1
223,
247, 442, 569, 759, 778, 792
Kaministiquia trade in 1806, 284
Kamloops, 787
Kamtschatka, 788, 815
Kanakas, 756, 764, 777, 783
Kananaskis, Alb., 705
Kananaskis r., 705
Kaninaviesch, 384
Kanisku r., 673
Kansas, 289
Kantoko r., 145
Kaomenakashe r., 63
Kapel r., 300, see Qu'Appelle r.
Kapepoonoway, 584
Kariume, Wm., 871, 873
Kash-ke-bu-jes-pu-'qua- ne -shing,
468
Kaskaskia, 111., 311
Katapawi-sipi, 300
Kay, Alex., 303
Kay, Alexander, trader from Montreal 1784, died of wounds received in an affray with Inds.
at Two Mountains 1. Aug.
28th, 1785
Kaygecaon, 53
Keasseno, 797, see Casino
 966                                            INDEX.
Keating's Long's- Exped., 3, 22, 23,
Kingston, Ont, 216
27, 41, 44, 55, 61, 63, 82, 145,
Kinistineaux, 382,   510,  533, 534,
146
535. 536, 537. see Kn-.
Keating, Wm. H, 3, 22, 23, 27,28,
Kino Inds., 524
31, 32,33. 34.4i,44.5i.55. 61,
Kinosota, Man., 208
63, 68, 69, 81, 82, 144, 145, 146,
Kinwow bay, 457
147, 220, 221, 263
Kishathenis, an Ind., guided D.
Keewatin, 28, 38, 460, name given
as meaning " north wind "
Thompson from Seepaywisk
ho. to York factory, May 28th
Ke-ez-a-no, appar. same name as
-July 21st, 1793
Casino, found in Townsend's
Kisiscachiwin, Kisiskatchewan r.,
Narr., 1839, p. 237, where a
son of this chf. is said to have
642, see Sask-.
Kitche Amicks, 449
died 1836
Kitchimanitou, 129
Keina, see Blood Inds.
kits, 723, 817.    It maybe a ques
Keith, George, 782
tion whether the    "kits" of
Keith, James, 757, 776, 781, 782,
this work were not coyotes,
786, 788, 791, 822, 823, 828, 832,
Cam's latrans,   and  not kit
835. 851, 853, 856, 857, 858, 875
foxes, Vulpes velox, as there
Keith, Joseph, 782
Keith, Mr., of X. Y. Co., is found
is   otherwise   no mention of
the former
as   probably   a   mistake  for
Kitson, George, was at Sault Ste.
Leith, Mr.
Marie, Sept. 13th, 1797
Kejeechewon r., 462, see Sask. r.
Kittson co., Minn., 69, 84
Kellsey, Henry, 38
Kenewkauneshewayboant, 291
Kituanaha, Kitunaha, Kitunahan,
550, 706, 708
Kennedy, Minn., 84
Klanoh Klatklam, 550
Kent, Minn., 148
Klaskaniner., 750
Kentuckian,    Kentucky   hunter,
Klein, Michael,  voy. N. W. Co.,
885
Athabasca, 1804
Kerry's 1., 512
Klikitats, 827
Kettle falls, Columbia r., 51, 442,
Knee Hills cr., 618
647. 705, 761, 767, 783, 784, 79i.
Knife 1. and p., 13
see Ilthkoyape falls
Knife r., 322,  323,  329,  337,  345,
Kettle falls, Rainy r., 17, 18, 20
347. 358, 396, 397
Kettle isl., 468
Koaster, Johann, 749
Keveny, Owen, 98  ■
Kocheche-se-bee r., 18
Keyassno, Kiasno, Kiersinno, 797,
Koo-Koo-Sint, 748
see Casino
Kootanae, 550, see Kootenay
Kicking Horse r., 606
Kootanae ho., 508, 672
Kilamox, 858
Kootanae 1., 672
Kildonan church, parish, 43
Kootanae lakes, i. e., Columbian,
Kilhowanakel r., 750
672
Killamuck, Killimux, Killymucks,
Kootanae plains, 507,686
Kootanae pound, 690 £
King George, 758
Kootanae r., 440, 508, 672, 694, see
King isl., 777
Columbia r.
King, James, of N. W. Co., upper
Kootanai,   Kootanaie,   Kootanie,
Fort des Prairies and Rocky
550, see Kootenay
Mt dept., 1799
Kootenae r., 669, see Columbia r.'
King, Mr., unidentified, 216, 561,
Kootenae road, 675
whether one person or two.—
Kootenai, 550, see Kootenay
One Mr. King, of X. Y.  Co.,
Kootenay camps, old, 687
then N. W. Co., clerk to J.
Kootenay chf., 674
McDonald    of    Garth,    was
Kootenay falls, 673, 707
killed by Mr. La Mothe, clerk
Kootenay ho., 278, 554, 556, 606,
to P. de Rocheblave, in 1801
648, 656, 674, 675, 677, 691, 694,
Kingsley, Man., 418 1
708, 782, 871
 Kootenay ho., modern, 707
Kootenay Inds., 51, 443, 550, 556,
611, 672, 690, 703, 704, 705, 707,
708, 757, 788, 871, 899
Kootenay 1., 672, 707, 710
Kootenay Pare or Park, 690, 691,
695
Kootenay plains, 611, 627, 644,646,
648, 650, 651, 686,688, 690, 691,
696, 697, 701
Kootenay r., 300,440,606, 627,656,
672, 673, 675, 694, 704, 705, 706,
707, 708, 710, 868
Kootenay r., 677, see Columbia r.
Kootenuha, 550, see Kootenay
Kootones plains, 686
Kootonois, 550, see Kootenay
Kowilitzk, Kowlitch r., 796, 839
Krees, 533, see Crees
Kullyspel, Kullyspell ho., 606, 672,.
673. 674
Kullyspel, Kullyspell Inds.,   709,
Kullyspel, Kullyspell 1., 672, 674,
675. 709,7"
Kutani, 550, see Kootenay
Kutchin, 524
Kutenay, 550, see Kootenay
Kuttlespelm, 709
Kyeassino, 797, see Casino
L', La, for words beginning thus,
not in following list, see same
names without L', La
La Barbue, , 674
La Barthe, Louis, 869, 904, 915
La Batte, Jacques, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
La Batte, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1804
La Berdash, Sucre's son, 53, see
Berdash
Laberge, , 630
La Berge, Louis, 630
La Biche, an Ind., 429
La Biech, Francis, 914
La Bissoniere,  , N. W. Co.,
on Musquawegun 1., Rat
River country, 1804-05; probably same as next
Labissoniere, Louis, voy. N. W.
Co., Ratr., 1804
La Blanche, Chinook woman, 750
Labombarde, Joseph, N. W. Co.,
Kam., 1804
Labombarde, Joseph,.to, voy. N.
EX. 967
W.   Co.,   Fort  des  Prairies,
1804
La Bonte,  , one of two persons, 872, 875, see next two
La BontS, Benjamin, 867
La Bonte, Louis, 867, 868, 878
La Boucane, , 613, 614
Labouchere channel, 777
Labrador, 84
La Branche, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
La Breche, an Ind., 674
Labrie,   Felix, brother of Joseph
and Pierrot, N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Labrie, Joseph, brother of Felix
and Pierrot, N.W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Labrie, Pierrot, brother of Felix
and Joseph, N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan;   died   of   frozen
feet Dec. 16th, 1799
Lac, for most lakes of following
list, see under Lake, and also
see English equivalents of the
French phrases
Lac a Flambeau, 883
Lac a Fumee, 564, 615
lacaishe, 444
Lac a la Biche, 237, 580, see Lac
la Biche
Lac a la Biche, another, 636
Lac a la Crosse, 574, 580, 581, see
Isle a la Crosse
Lac a la Loche, 600
Lac a la Pluie, 18, see Lac la Pluie
Lac a la Queue de Loutre, 149
Lac a l'^turgeon, 472, see Pine
Island 1.
Lac a l'Orignal, 466
Lac au Flambeau, 873
Lac aux Cariboux, 600
Lac aux Outardes, 9
Lac aux Voleurs, 130, 192
Lac Bourbon, 38, 270, 465, 470
Lac de Bois, 22
Lac de Bois Blanc, 148
Lac de Bonne, 32
Lac de Bourbon, 38
Lac de Flambeau, 266
Lac de la Graine Rouge, 592
Lac de la Marte, 487
Lac de la Pluie, 18, see Lac la Pluie
Lac de l'lsle a la Crosse, 619
Lac de Sable, 150
Lac  des  Asiliboils, Assenepolis,
Assinebouels, Assinipoils, As-
sinipoualacs, 37
 I
968                                              INDEX.
Lac des Boeufs, 489
La Chenille, a Cree, 591
Lac des Bois,   14, 22, 70, 85, 217,
Lachevrotiere, Joseph, voy. N. W.
248
Co., Red Lake dept, 1804
Lac des Buttes, or Lake of the
Lachine, 80, 234, 278, 279, 603
Hills, is Lake Athabasca
Lac la Biche, 199, 573, 609,  612,
Lac des Chiens, 267, 280, 282
614, 616
Lac des Christineaux, Cristinaux,
Lac la Croche, 15
37
Lac la Croix, 16, 17, 215, 217, 218,
Lac des Couteaux, 13
223
Lac des Deux Montagues, 234
Lac la Nonne, 566
Lac des Isles, 22
Lac la Pluie, 14,  15, 18, 20, 173,
Lac des Isles, 283
175, 188, 199, 200, 217, 219, 224,
Lac des Isles, 574
232, 246, 248, 280, 282,345,439,
Lac   des    Killistinaux,    Killisti-
539. 626
noes, Killistinons, Kinistinoes,
Lac la Pluie Inds., 192, 193, 447
Knistineaux,  Kristineaux,  37
Lac la Roche, in D. Thompson's
Lac des Mille Lacs, 199, 217, 218
MS. Sept. 13th, 1804, is Atha-
Lac des Pierres a Fusil, 11
pupuskow 1.
Lac des Placottes, 420
Lac la Rouge, Minn., 51, 81
Lac des Prairies, 207
Lac la Rouge, Missinipi waters,
Lac des Serpents, 223, 439
187, 216, 897
Lac des Sioux, 22
Lac le Mecan, 17
Lac des Voleurs, 126
Lac Mille Lacs, 280, 282
Lac de Travers, 148,149
Lac Namaycan, 17
Lac de Travers of Franchere is
Lacombe, Alb., 637
Cross 1. on Sask. r.
Lacombe, Aug., voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Lac de Vivere, 616
Lac d'Orignal, 278
Lacombe, Pere, 208
Lac du Bois, 22
Lac Orignal, 466
Lac du Bonnet, 32, 217
La Corne, see Corne, and Fort la
Lac du Brochet, 588
Lac du Diable, 523, 553, 606
La Corneille, , 670 \
Lac du Diable, N. Dak., 121, 145,
La Coste, Frangois Xavier, was on
286
Willamette r. 1832-42
Lac du Hauteur des Terres, 11
La Course, ,668,671.   One of
Lac du Male, 664
this   surname,   perhaps  the
Lac du Pichou, 667 ; for the name,
same,   appears  as Canadian
engag6 P.  F.   Co., Astoria,
compare what is said under
Tete aux Pichaux
Lac du Placotte, 82
Lacouture, , 212
Lac du Serpent, see Lac des Ser
Lacouture, Frangois, 212
pents
La Certe, , 580
Lac Passeau, 14
Lac Plat, Lake of the  Woods,
Lacerte, Bon., 580
23
Lachance, , 50, see Lafrance,
Lac Plat, Man., 289, 290
J. B.
Lachance, , coureur des bois,
Lac qui Frame, qui Fume, 615
Lacroix,  , voy.  N. W. Co.,
killed at Fort aux Trembles,
Ratr., 1804
fall of 1780
Lacroix, , X. Y. Co., near Fort
Lachance,  Charles,  voy.  N.  W.
Chipewyan, 1800
Co., English r., 1804
La Croix Ind. vill., 17
La Chapelle, , with S. Fraser
Lacrosse 1., 580
to the Pacific
Lacs des CEufs, 586
La Chapelle, Andre, 862, 886, 887
Lacs du Placotte, 82
La Charette, Mo., 423
Lac Seul, 505
La Charite, Frangois, voy. c.-m.
Lac Traverse, 464
N. W. Co., Red Lake dept,
Lac Vaseux, 468
1804
Ladder p., 11
mmmmm\
 969
La Deroute, Philibert, engage" N.
W. Co., at capture of Fort
William, Aug. 13th, 1816
Ladouceur, , 553, 582
Ladouceur, Joseph, 554
Ladouceur, Louis, 554
Ladouceur, Simeon, 554
Lafantaisie, Jacques, 873, 875
Lafantuese, Jas., 875, same as the
last
Lafarge, engage" N. W. Co., Rainy
1., July 22d, 1798
La Faux, a Cree, 548, 587, 591
La Fleur, , N. W. Co., unidentified, was in charge of a post,
La Fleur, Baptiste, interp. N. W.
Co., at Fort Dunvegan on
Peace r., under Harmon, 1808-
09 ; he had a brother supposed
to haye been drowned or
killed by Inds. between Rocky
. Mt. p. and St. John's on Peace
r., spring of 1809; compare
last and two next
La Fleur, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co.,  Fort Dauphin, 1804
La Fleur, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Le Pic, 1804
Lafond, Charles, 870
Lafond, Joseph, 870
Lafontaine, , 573, 582, 870
Lafontaine, Joseph, 573
Lafonte,  , 870, compare Le-
fond
Lafortune,  , Canadian -hunter, soldier under C. M. Langlade, married an Ottawa, and
lived near Michilimackinac
La Fortune, , 668
Lafournaise, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Laframboise, Alexandre, 869
Laframboise, Michel, 757,868, 869,
905,909
La France, , 50, 293
La France, Antoine, 50, 77
La France, Jean Baptiste, 50
La France, Lafrance, Jean Baptiste, 301, 302, 329, 332, 345
La France, Joseph, 18, 22
La Freniere, , 219
Lafreniere, A., is listed as voy.
N. W. Co., Ratr., 1804, probably same as next
La Freniere, Antoine, N. W. Co.,
is named by D. Thompson,
Red Deer 1., 1798-99
Lafreniere, Jean Baptiste, voy.
N. W. Co., Torch 1., 1804
Lafreniere, Pierre, N. W. Co.,
named by D. Thompson with
Antoine, Red Deer 1., 1798-99
Lagace, Andre\ 50, see Lagasse, A.
Lagace, Charles, 51, see Lagasse,
Lagard,   Joseph,   interp. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Lagasse, Andre,   50, 73, 77, 78;
117, 118, 120, 229, 233, 234, 235
Lagass6, Charles, 51, 634, 674,703,
704, 874
Lagassers, see Lagass6, A.
La Gimondiere, , 632
Lagimoniere, Mme., 427
Lagopus Leucurus, 687
La Grave, , 303
La Grave, Frangois, 302, 303
Lahina, 846
Laird res., 29
Lajeunesse, , 554,555, 593, 616,
Lajimoniere, Baptiste, 427
Lajimoniere, Mme., 426
Lajoie, Joseph, voy. c.-m., N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Lake, see names of lakes, besides
following list, also Lac
Lake, a chf., 367
Lake Athabasca, 223, 293, 532
Lake Bourbon, 38
Lake Champlain, 773
Lake co., Minn., 13, 16
Lake     Craw-shaw-bau-way-gaw-
maw, 130, 141
Lake Dauphin, 176
Lake de Bourbon, 465
Lake des Isles, 23
Lake du Bois, 14
Lake Farquhar, 309
Lake Indian road, 673, 675
Lake Itasca, 143, 146
Lakeland, Man., 1
Lake Lome, 81
Lake McLeod, 212
Lake     Maninthonobanc,     Mani-
thoubane, 224, 291, see next
Lake Manitoba, 1, 38, 41, 175, 176,
203, 207, 208, 236, 237, 244, 289,
290, 291, 451, 873
Lake Manitou, 244
Lake    Manitouabanc,     Manitou-
bane, 41, 208, 236, see Lake
Manitoba
 970 INE
Lake Micane, 17
Lake Nepigon, 223, 283
Lake of the Crees, 37
Lake of the Hills, 510, 511
Lake of the Island of Sand
Mounds, 23
Lake of the Kris, 37
Lake of the Meadows, 208
Lake of the Sand Hills, 23
Lake of the Two Mountains, 788
Lake of the Woods, 6, 18, 21, 22,
23, 24, 25, 26, 46, 69, 70, 80,
217
Lake Saganaga, 217
Lake St. Ann, 565
Lake St. Martin, 175, 176,207, 458
Lake Superior, 1, 6, 8, 38, 51, 172,
185, 188, 190, 217, 218, 220, 221,
283, 465. 56i, 574, 58i, 630,783,
872
Lake Traverse, 145, 146, 147, 263,
300
Lake Whiteford, 564
Lake Windigoostigwan, 218
Lake Winipec, Winipic, 37, 40,
149, 193. 199, 215. 216, 224, 239,
244, 249, 250, 264, 277, 280, 282,
430, 431, 442, 450,451, see next
Lake Winnipeg, 6, 27, 32, 34, 36,
37. 38, 39.40,43.45, 50, 52, 148,
149, 189, 190, 207, 212,214, 216,
217, 222, 238, 259, 274, 279, 280,
289, 442, 443,451, 457,459- 462,
467, 507, 555, 580, 603, 608,611,
629, 630, 664, 745, 778, 872, 873
Lake Winnipegoosis, 164,175, 207,
215, 253, 277, 299, 466,470, 506
Lake Winnipic, 217
La  Lancette,    ,   X. Y.  Co.,
Lake Superior, 1804
Lalancette, Antoine, clerk N. W.
Co., Torch 1., 1804
La Lancette, Frangois, interp.
and voy. c-m. N. W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
La Lande, , 233
La Liberte, , 561
La Liberte, Louis, an old voy.,
well known in the Ind. country, witness of the smallpox
epidemic ca. 1781-83, see Ross
Cok, p. 151 and p. 306
La Liberty, Louis, listed as interp. N. W. Co., Fort des
Prairies, 1804, may or may not
be same as the last
La Libert^, Pierre, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Lalonde, Jean Baptiste, 233
La Mar, see Lamarre, S.
La Marche, , 664
Lamarche, Charles, 664
Lamarre, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Lamarre, Seraphim, clerk and interp. N. W. Co., Fond duLac,
1804; at capture of Fort Gibraltar, Mar. 17th, 1816
Lambert, , 212
Lambert, Antoine, 212
Lambert, Etienne, 212
Lambert, Jean Baptiste, 212, 214,
232, 233, 244, 249, 275, 276,
441,  583
Lambert, Joseph, 212, 242-
Lambert, " Mr.," 212
Lambert, Pierre, 212
La Mothe,  La Motte,   Lamotte,
 ,  clerk X.  Y.  Co.,   who
killed Mr. King in 1801, 214
La Mothe, Germain, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Lamoureux, L'Amoureux, Jean
Baptiste, 629
lampers, 154
Lamsoi,893, 895, 909
Landreaux, Mr., clerk N. W. Co.,
at capture of Fort William by
Lord Selkirk, Aug. 13th, 1816
Landreville, , 782
Landriau,  , given as at capture of Fort William, see Lan-
Landrie, , 862, at Astoria
Landrie, Frangois, 868, 869,
904
Landrie, Joseph, 870, 872, a
Landrie, Louis, 862
Landry,  Frangois, 667,  862,
and see Landrie, F.
Landry, Joseph, 872, at Astoria
Landry, Joseph, dit Cadien, 862
Landry, Nicolas, 862
Land's Height p., 11
Lane, N. Dak., 410
Lange, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Langevin, Denis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Langie, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
 Langlade, Augustin Mouet de
Moras, Sieur de, b. Trois
Rivieres, Canada, Sept., 1703;
formed trading Compagnie
des Sioux' 1727, and about
that time went to Michilimackinac; married Domitilde,
widow of Daniel Villeneuve
and sister of head chf. of the
Ottawas; went with his son
Charles Michel de Langlade
ft). May, 1729), about 1745 to
Green Bay; is of record at
Michilimackinac to 1763; after
the war continued in trade at
Baie Verte; d. about 1777
Langlade, Charles, son of C. M.
Langlade and an Ottawa;
settled at Baie Verte, later at
Michilimackinac, and took
part in the capture of the latter under Roberts in 1812;
married an Ottawa; had sons
Charles 3d and Louis, and
two daughters
Langlade, Charles Michel de, b.
at Michilimackinac May, 1729
(baptised May 9th); son of
Augustin   de   Langlade and
I of a sister of Ottawa chf. La
Fourche. Went with his father
about 1745 to Green Bay.
Whipped the English under.
Braddock, with French and
Indians, on Monongahela near
Fort Duquesne July 9th, 1755;
was in service at Fort Duquesne 1756, and Aug. 9th,
1756, ordered by Chevalier
Dumas to strike Fort Cumberland; was in council at Montreal 1757, and rendered important services that year; on
Sept. 8th, 1757, was ordered by
General P. R. de Vaudreuil
to be second in command
under L. L. V. de Beaujeu at
Michilimackinac; was there
1758; left June, 1759, with
savages to reinforce Canada
and reached Montreal June
23d, 1759; foughton the Plains
of Abraham Sept. 3d, 1759;
was at Michilimackinac Jan.
7th, 1760; returned to Canada
1760, and was commisionedby
King Louis as lieutenant Feb.
ist, 1760.    Official  permit to
SX. 971
himself and father to reside
unmolested at Green Bay,
from Geo. Etherington, dated
Michilimackinac Apr. 13th,
1763. Warned Etherington of
the threatened massacre; witnessed it June 4th, 1763; is
reproached by A. Henry, sen.,
for his " sordid inhumanity **;
is said to have saved Etherington and Leslie from burning at the stake. Took an
active part in leading Inds. in
our Revolutionary War, especially in 1777-78. Established at Baye Verte in 1785,
when his was one of the 7
families of about 50-60 inhabitants of the place. Married
at Michilimackinac Aug. 12th,
1754, Charlotte Ambrosine
Bourassa, dau. of Ren6 Bourassa. Had 2 dau., one of
whom, Louise Domitilde, in
' 1776 married Pierre Grignon,
at age of 17 years. Before
this Langlade had by an Ottawa a son Charles. He died
Jan., 1800, and acquired title
of " Father of Wisconsin."
Langlois (Coloret), Michel, 50, 52,
74, 75, 76, 77. 78, 81, 116, 117,
132, 134, 152, 153, 154, 155.
165, 166, 169, 175, 176, 178,
180, 182, 185, 186, 189, 190,
193, 194, 196, 204, 205, 212,
214, 221, 222, 225, 227, 232,
236, 241, 250, 252, 253, 257,
259, 264, 270, 271, 272, 275,
276,  431,  440,  441
Langlois, Eustache, 51
Langloise, Mme. M., 227
Langtin, E., 875, compare Long-
Languedoc, , 555, 630, 670
Languedoc, Auguste, 557
Langyale, Man., 415
Lanniau, L'Anneau, Pierre, 7
La Noue, , 20, 220
L'Anse, 187, 199, see Anse
La Paquia, see Pacquia
Lapensee, Basile, 874
Lapensee, Ignace, 874
Lapensee, Olivier Roy, 874
La Perouse, , 505
La Pierre, , 549, 554, 556, 584
590, 599, 603, 604, 626, 661
La Pierre, , bis, 869, 873, 904
 972 INE
La Pierre, Antoine, 556
La Pierre, Joseph, or " Joe de,"
556, 873, 875
La Pierre, Louis, 556
La   Plante,  ,   268,   see  also
Plante
La Plante, , bis, 584, 591
La Plante, Joseph, 268
La Plante, Louis, 868, 901, 905,
906, 907, 915
La Plante's r., 505, 549, 593
La Pointe, Antoine, 226, 442
La Pointe, Joseph, 226
La Pointe, Michel, 226
La Pointe, on Lake Superior, 280,
283, 553. 554
La Pointe, Supplice, dit Desautel,
engage H. B. Co. under John
Clarke, Athabasca, 1815.; engage N. W. Co., at capture of
Fort William Aug. 13th, 1816
La Poitrie, Barthelemy, voy. N.
W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
La Prade, Alex., 868, 904
La Prairie, Canada, 311
La Prise,  , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Laramee, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., 1804. Compare Laramie,
3ographical
La Remm6, , 561
Large- Corn   r.,   302,   see   Big-
La   Riviere,    ,    a   Canadian
whose wife was dau.  of W.
F. Wentzel
Lariviere, Frangois, interp. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Lariviere, Frangois, bis, voy. N.
W. Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Lariviere,   Jean    Baptiste,   voy.
c.-m. N.   W. Co., Red Lake
dept., 1804
Lariviere, Joachim, voy.  N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
La Riviere sta., Man., 418
Larix americana, 208
Lark, ship, 844, 845, 846, 847, 850,
885, 887
Laroche, , 52, see Larocque
Laroche, Auguste, 52
Laroche, Mr., 301, see Larocque,
F. A.
Larocque,  , 557
Larocque, Alfred, 301
Larocque, Antoine, 53, 443
Larocque, Armand, 301
Larocque, Charles, 52, 441
Larocque, Frangois Antoine, 50,
52, 82, 298, 299, 301, 345, 415,
778
Larocque, Jacques, 52
Larocque, J. B., 443
Larocque", Jean Baptiste, jun,, 51,
52, 77
Larocque, Jean Baptiste, sen., 51,
52, 77, 156, 182
Larocque,  Joseph,   52,  301,  752,
761, 784, 791, 886, 916
Larocque, M. le Chevalier, 301
Larocque, Pierre, 52
La   Ronde,    ,   freeman    on
French r., Canada, 1817
Laronde,  Toussaint,   interp.   N.
W. Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Laroque, see Larocque
La   Rose,    ,   240,   see  Gere,
Aimable de
Larose, Baptiste, 240
Larose, Frangois, 240
Larose, Jean Baptiste, 240
La Salle, Man., 55
Latour, , more than one, unidentified, 176, 872, 873
Latour, Charles, 873
Latourelle,  Jean   Baptiste,   voy.
N. W. Co., English r., 1804
Latour, Frangois, 872, 875
Latour, Louis, 873
Latour, La Tour, "Mr.," 872, 873
Lattenville, , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799
Laughton,   Gilbert,   H    B.   Co.,
with  Magnus Tate   on Jack
Tent r., June 29th, 1790
Launoir,  Hippolyte, N. W.  Co.,
Kam., 1804
Laurent, , at Astoria, 869, 904
Laurent,   Frangois,   voy. N.  W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Laurentian waters, 217
i  of s
! full :
N. W. Co., in Fort Gibraltar
at its capture, Mar. 17th, 1816
La Valle, Baptiste, 870
Lavallee, , 870
Lavallee, Antoine, 870
Lavallee, Ignace, 870
Lavallee, Jean Baptiste, jun., 1870
La Vallee,   Jean Baptiste, sen.,
 1
Lavallee i
Laventure, , 212
L'Aventure, Louis, 212
Laventure, Paul, 212
Laverdure, , 212, several persons, see Robillard, J. B., and
Riquerin, Jos.
Laverdure, Joseph, 212
Lavigne, , 302, see   Bourier,
La Vigne, Augustin, voy. c.-m. N.
W. Co., Red Lake dept., 1804,
at capture of Fort William,
Aug. 13th, 1681
Lavine, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Laviolette, , 244, 291
Laviolette, Gabriel Atina, 244
Laviolette, Jacques, 244
Lazy p., 218
Le, for French names beginning
thus, see also without the
definite article in some cases
Leaf 1. and r., 149
Lean, Mr. Alex., H. B. Co., addressed in a letter from D.
Thompson dated Duck p.,
May 27th, 1796
Leavings, Alb., 636
Le Barb6, , 674
Le Barge, , 630
Le Barte, Louis, 862, 915, see La
Barthe
Le Beau, , engage N. W. Co.,
Lac au Flambeau, 1804
Le Berge, , 630
Le Blanc, , more than one of
the name, 554, 556, 630, 665,
671, 704
Le Blanc, Baptiste, half-breed
hunter, Flat Head r., 1816
Le Blanc, Pierre, 556
Le Bceuf, a chf., 182, 205, 219, 243,
I     587
Le Bceuf Blanc, a chf:, 576
Le Bceuf qui Boit, a chf., 544, 568
Le Borgne, a Big Belly, Minne-
tareeor Hidatsachf., 259,322,
346, 347, 352, 357, 359, 367, 369,
373. 375. 377. 379. 380, 381, 383,
385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 392,
393, 394, 395, 396, 403, 404
Le Borgne, an Ojibway, 54 •
Le Borgne, a Piegan chf., 643,654,
I     657,671
Le Borgne, on Sask. r., whether
•EX. 973
or not same as the last, 604,
608, 611, 617, 620, 626
Le Borgne, soubriquet of James
Grant, of John McDonald
(not of Garth), and of one
Mr. McKenzie
Le Cambell, Cambie, Campbell,
628 : With this wholly uncertain name compare Lacombe,
Aug.
Le Camse, Pierre, 871, 874
Le Cardinal, a Cree, 627, see Car-
Le Cedre, an Ind., 242
Le Certe, see La Certe
Le Chat, Monsieur, soubriquet
Angus Shaw
Le Clair, Antoine, 883
Le Claire, Batard, 665
Le Clerc, Antoine, 883
Le Clerc, Charles, 883
Le Clerc, Frangois, 881, 883, 884
Le Clerc, Giles or Gilles, 883, 887
Le Clerc, Jean Baptiste, 883
Le Clerc, Pierre, 884
Le Comble, Comble, 607, 628, and
see Le Cambell
Le Compte, , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Le Compte, Augustin, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
La Compte, Frangois H, voy. N.
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Le Diec for Le Due, 182
Ledoux, Jean Baptiste, voy. N.
W. Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Le Due, , 182, 190, see Larocque
Le Due, Frangois, 190
Le Due, Jean Baptiste, 190
Leduc sta., Alb., 635
Leech 1., 53, 54, 131, 136, 150, 186,
190, 195, 215, 216, 244, 273,
274, 275, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431
Lee r., 27, see Sea r.
Lefebre, , 872
Lefebre, Jean Baptiste, 872
Lefebre, Pierre, 872
Lefeive, , 872, 875
Lefevre, , 872, 875
Lefevre, Charles, 872
Lefevre, Jacques, 872
Lefevre, Joseph, 872
Lefond, Charles, 870
Lefonte, M., 870, 873
Le Fou, a Cree, 548, 591
Lefoute, , 870, see Lefonte
Le   Gamble,    ,   628,   see  Le
 Cambell, Le Comble, andc<
pare Lacombe, Aug.
Legislative and Executive Councils, Lower Canada, 214
Legislative Assembly, Montreal,
Legislative Assembly, Toronto,
218
Le Gosse, Charles, 874, see Lagasse, C.
Le Grand, a chf., 332, 401
Le Gros, , N. W. Co., Rocky
Mt. ho., Nov., 1806
Leith, James, 214, 255, 569, 784
Le Jaune ? Le Jeune ? , N. W.
Co., on Sask. r., 1800
Le Mai, Louis, dit Poudrier, N.
W. Co., starved to death under W. F. Wentzel at fort on
McKenzie r., winter 1810-11
Le Marquis, 255, see McTavish, S.
Lemay, Jean Baptiste, voy. c.-m.
N. W. Co., English r., 1804
Lemay, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Red Lake dept., 1804
Lemay, Pierre, 193, see Delorme
Lemire, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Athabasca, 1804
Lemire, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Lemoine,    ,   N.   W.   Co., in
charge of Fond du Lac ho.
May, 1798
Le Muet, , 674
Leonaix, 579, see Lyonnais
Le Page, John Bte., 914
Le Pendu, an Ind., 52, 135, 136
Le Pic, a place, 52, 187, 280, 283,
303, 557. 872
Lepine, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Ratr.
1804
Lepine, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Red Lake dept, 1804
Lepine, Joseph, 667
Le Premier, 255, see McTavish, S.
Le Premier, an Ind., 267
Le Prine, , 903
Lepomis pallidus, 445
Le Pourie, Le Pourrie, 626, 627
Lepus campestris, 559
Le   Ramme,    ,   583,   see La
Remme
Le Raye, Charles, I find noted
as among the Sioux of Minnesota r., 1803; this must be the
Charles Le Raye whose Journal, etc., forms pp. 158-219 of
Lieut. J. Cutler's Topographi
cal Description of the State of
Ohio, Indiana Territory, and
Louisiana, etc., a rare book,
i2mo, Boston, 1812
Le Rock, , 52, see Larocque
Le R.ock, Mr., 301, see Larocque,
F. A.
Leroux, Antoine, figures much in
New Mexico, Arizona, etc.,
1840 to the Pacific R. R. surveys, as in Emory's, Abert's,
Sitgreaves', Whipple's, and
other reports; Leroux spring
in Arizona, Leroux isl. in the
Colorado Chiquito r., named
for him; was living probably
to Mar., 1870; one of his sons
was Jean Leroux, Las Vegas,
N. M. Biogr. in Tasse, II. p.
229 seq.
Leroux, Laurent, 80, 487, clerk N.
W. Co., sent by Peter Pond
with Cuthbert Grant to
found at or near mouth of
Slaver., 1786, the post later
called Fort Resolution; wintered there 1786-87; and 1787-
88; afterward founded Fort
Providence, " au nord du Lac
des Esclaves" (Great Slave
1.); returned thence Mar. 22d,
1789, and started from Fort
Chipewyan with (Sir) A. McKenzie June 3d, 1789; engaged
for five years at ^"ioo in 1791;
married Miss Esther Loiselle,
1796; had a dau. who married*
Moise Raymond in 1815; settled at Assomption; d. 1855,
aged 97
Le Roy, Leroy, , 186, see Roy
Les Cedres Seigneury, 190
Le Sieur, , 214
Le Sieur, Calixte, 214
Le Sieur, Toussaint, one or another, 35, 214, 265
Leslie, Lieut., 867
Les Petits, 223, see X. Y. Co.
L'Esperance, Antoine, voy. c-m.
N. W. Co., Red Lake dept,
1804
Lessard, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Lesser Cherry p., 9
Lesser Slave 1., 278, 280, 439, 448,
583, 601, 610, 612, 614,620, 752,
784, 791
Lesser Slave Lake ho., 791
 Lesser Whitewood p., 15
Le Sucre, Le Sucrie, 53, 97, 190
Le Sueur, , 265, see Le Sieur,
T.
Le Sueur, Mr., 267
Le Sueur, Toussaint, 276, see Le
Sieur, T.
Le Tang, Letang,  L6tang, ,
Le Taonsone, 203
Letellier, , 69
Le Temps, Le Terns, , 610
Le Terns, Mons., 128
Letendre, , 610
Letendre, Jean Baptiste, 610
Leteur, Frangois, 875, see Latour,
F.
Lavalle,  ,  598, see Lavallee
\ and Vall6
L'EvSque,   Joseph,   voy.  N.   W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
L'Eveque, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
1763
t Michilimac-
ILewis and Clark, 27, 50, 61, 97,
145, 203, 206, 207, 289, 297,
298, 299, 301, 302, 311, 319,
320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 329,
33o, 33t 332, 333. 341. 345.
346, 349, 365, 367, 368, 381,
382, 384, 398, 423, 424, 425,
524, 581, 591, 706, 709, 712,
735. 748, 749. 750, 75i. 753,
754, 757, 767, 768, 771, 772,
778, 786, 787, 790, 794, 796,
797, 798, 799. 801, 803, 811,
812, 814, 821, 827, 832, 833,
836, 842, 843, 855, 856, 857.
858, 882, 883, 886, 898, 913
Lewis and Clark's r., 750
i Lewis' fork of Columbia r., 748,
786
Lewis, James, 777
i^Lewis, Meriwether, 27, 50, 61, 97,
145, 203, 206, 207, 289, 297,
298, 299, 301, 302, 311, 319,
320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 329,
330, 331. 332, 333. 334. 34i.
345. 346, 349, 365. 367. 368,
381, 382, 384, 398, 423, 424,
425. 524. 581, 59i, 706, 709,
712, 735. 748, 749. 750, 75i.
753. 754. 756, 757. 767. 768,
771, 772, 778, 786, 787. 790,
794, 796, 797. 798. 799. 801,
803, 811, 812, 814, 821, 827,
832, 833, 836, 842, 843, 855,
856,  857,  858,  882,  883,   886
898,  913
Lewis, Philo, clerk and interp. N
W. Co., Le Pic, 1804
Lewis' r., 709, 712, 748, 760
L'Heureux, Frangois, voy. c.-m,
N. W. Co., Fort Dauphin,
L'Hire,   ,  257,   258,  275,
Hilaire
L'Hirondelle, Jacques, voy. N.
W. Co., Athabasca, 1804
PHomme au Calumet, 503
L'Homme, Benjamin, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Liard, an Ind., 54, 79, 95, 163
liard, a tree, 49, 244
Liard r., br. McKenzie's r., translating Riviere des Liards or
aux Liards, also called Grand
River fork, Mountain r., Poplar r., and Thetladesse r.
Liard r., br. of Red Lake r., 129
Library of Parliament, 747, 915
limagon, 753
Lima, Peru, 907
Limestone Cave pt., 455
Limestone 1., 564
linden, 49
Linklater, Mr., unidentified, 291,
561
Linklater, Thomas, H. B. Co., was
at Duck Portage ho. Mar.
29th, 1796
Linklater, William, 439
Lionnais, see Lyonnais
Lisa, Manuel de, 311
Lisey, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Lisgar, Man., 63, 82
lisses are certain strakes of woodwork about a birch-bark canoe, as distinguished from the
varangues or flooring
Little Assiniboine, a Cree, 658,
659, 665
Little Athabasca r., 581
Little Athens of the Hyperborean
regions, 511. One who would
like to see how classic the place
looks now may see pi. opp. p.
88 of C. Whitney's On Snow
Shoes, etc., N. Y., Harper and
Brothers, 1896
Little Basswood p., 15
Little Beaver r., 573
Little Black isl., 453
Little Bow r., 462
Little Broken Knife, a chf., 547
 -
t., 31
Little Caribou,
Little Cherry p., 9
Little Chief, 53
Little Christmas, 165
Little Clam, a chf., 97, 427
Little Co., 223, see X. Y. Co.
Little Crane, an Ind., 53, 71, 79,
95. 209
Little Devil, an Ind., 198
Little Dog p., 218
Little English r., 471, 472
Little Fish 1., 562
Little fork of Kam. r., 220
Little Fork r., 21
Little Fork r., br. of Sask. r., 689
Little Girl Assiniboines, 522, 616
Little Grindstone bay, 454
Little Hunter res., 563
Little Iron, a Piegan, 657
Little Jackfish Head r., 456
Little Jackfish r., 456
Little Jackhead r., 455, 456
Little Jack r., 456
Little Knife, a Cree, 622
Place, 13
Little Lake la Pluie, 260
Little 1., near Edmonton, 634
Little Lake p., 248
Little Long bay, 455
Little Medicine Lodge, 409
Little Missouri r., 318, 334, 843
Little Moose isl., 456
Little mt, 566, 567
Little Muddy p., 9
Little Mud 1., 473
Little New p., 10
Little Ones, 223, see X. Y. Co.
Little Pine 1., 146
Little Pine res., 499
Little Raven, an Ind., 329
Little Red Deer r., br. of Red
Deerr., br. of Bowr., 618
Little Red Deer r.,  br.   of Red
Deer r., i. e., of Athabasca r.,
874
Little Red r., br. of Peace r., 511
Little Red r., br. of Sask. r., 487
Little Reindeer, an Ind., 54
Little r. of Thompson, 472, see
Little English r.
Little Rock p., Rainy River route,
Little Rock p., Winnipeg r., 28
Little Sask. r., br. of Assiniboine
r., 305
Little Sask. r., trib. to Lake Winnipeg, 458
Little Shell, a chf., 53, 97, 194,
196, 231, 243, 251, 436, 437
Little Slave 1., 583, see Lesser
Slave 1.
Little Slave Lake ho., 584
Little Slave Laker., 874
Little Slave r., 583, 584
Little Society, 561, see X. Y. Co.
Little Stone p., 15
Little Strait, 10
Little White Mud ho., 741
Little Woody p., 31
Livernois, Dominic or Dominique,
227, 228
Livingston, Livingstone, Mr. Duncan, 612, 705, N. W. Co.,
founded a post in 1796 on
McKenzie r., " nearly 200 m.
N. of Great Slave 1.," or " 80
m.^from source of tie river;
killed with four others by
Eskimo while on a march
down the river, about eight
days below the forks, in 1799
(so W. F. Wentzel) or 1802
(as others say)
Lizotte, Baptiste, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Lizotte, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Loach p., 581
Lobstickl. andr., 562, 585
Lochart, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
locusts, 39, 430
Logan, Mayor, 44
Logan, N. Dak., 313
Loge de M6decine, 645, 651, 653,
670, 677, 683, 699
Loge des Boeufs, 68, 101
Loge de Serpent, 319, 320,  321,
Loiseau, Aimable, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
London, 6, 24, 25, 279, 505, 559,
603, 749. 892, 894, 916
Lone Tree sta., N. Dak., 315
Long Cherry p., 9
Long, J., trader and interp., Prairie du Chien, 1780
Long Lake ho., N. W. Co., at or
near month of Long 1., Keno-
gami r.  (Albany River sys- j|
 index.                                    977
Longl., Man., 290
Lower Fort Garry, 42
Long I., N. Dak., 302
Lower Kootenays, 550, 708
Long Lake r., trib. to McLeod 1.,
512
Lower Red r., 45, 50, 52, 188, 193,
195,196, 198, 199, 212,214, 216,
Long 1., trib. to Beaver r., 573
226, 228, 232, 247, 252,266,274,
Long 1., trib. to Pipestone cr., 635
281, 303, 442. 583. 592. 661, 775,
Longmoor, Longmore, Mr., 506,
871, 873, see Red r. of the N.
55i. 587. 599
and compare Upper Red r.,
Long Narrows of the Columbia,
name of Assiniboine r.
844
Lower   Red River brigade, 246,
Long plain on the Sask., 679
Long pt., Lake Manitoba, 237
Lower    Terre   Blanche,   Lower
Long pt., Lake Winnipeg, 460
Long Prairie, 203
White Earth ho., 278,663,666,
667, 675, 742, 744, 745, 747
Longprd, Andr6, on  Willamette
Loyola, Frangois, 439
r., 1835
Luce, a person, 732
Long Reach on Red r., 447
Lucie, Basile, 871, see Lussier, B.
Long Sault, Ottawa r., 788
Lucius lucius, 444
Long Sault, Rainy r., 21, 22
Luscier,   Lussier,  ,   556,  605,
Long's expedition, 3, see Long,
606, 609, 611, 618, 622
S. H.
Lussier, Basile, 556, 868, 871
Long Sioux rap., 21
Lussier, C., 871, 874
Long, Stephen H, 3,  22, 27, 41,
Lussier,   Etienne,  556,  868,  892,
44, 51, 55, 61, 63, 68, 69, 79, 82,
904, 915
145, 146, 221, 263
Lussier, Frangois, 554,556, 603,628
Longtin, L6on, voy.  N.   W. Co.,
Lake  Winnipeg,   1804, com
Lussier, Joseph, 554, 556, 603
Lutra canadensis, 85
pare Langtin
Longueville, Mr.,  of which Co.?
Lynx bay, 457, 458                           *
Lynx canadensis, 206
passed Cumberland ho. with
Athabasca canoes June 20th,
Lynxpt, 458
1805
Lynx rufus, 206
Loon, an Indian, 605
Lynx rufus fasciatus, 817
Loon 1., 16
Lyonnais, , 579, 621, 628
Loon's straits, 455
Lyonnais, Auguste, interp. N. W.
Lorain, Loraine, Joseph, voy. N.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804,
witness in the Semple case,
M
Toronto, Oct., 1818
Lorain, Lorrain,   Jean  Baptiste,
M', Mac, Mc, the prefix, uniformly
reduced to Mc followed by a
voy. N.  W.  Co., Lower Red
r., 1804
capital   letter, and  alphabe
Louis,  an Iroquois on R.  Cox's
tized as if spelled Mac
journey, Fort George to Fort
William, 1817
Macaron,  , voy.  N.  W.   Co..
Fort des Prairies, 1804
1      Louis XV., Louis XVI., 35
McAuley, , clerk N. W. Co.,
Lou isl., 217
Lac Rouge and Lac Seul, 1804
Louzon, Jean, voy. "N.  W.  Co.,
'     Fort Dauphin, 1804 ; surname
possibly for Louison, familiar
McBean, John, clerk and interp.
N.   W.   Co.,   Fond  du Lac,
1804 ; partner N. W. Co., Fort
diminutive form of Louis, but
William,    Sault Ste.   Marie,
compare    the    geographical
etc., 1816
name Luzon, Lugon
McBeth'spt.,458
Lower Chinookans, 812
McCauleyville, Minn., 148
Lower Columbia 1., 508, 606, 672,
McClellan, Robert,  882,  see Mc-
677
Lower Crossing on N.  Sask. r.,
McCloud, Archibald, 277, see Mc-
489
•  Leod
 -
McCrea, -
1785
n charge of
McCrea, W.,' clerk N. W. Co..
Rainy L, 1804. The right
form of this name is probably
McRae
McDolland, , 98, is Miles McDonnell
McDonald, , unidentified, 589,
600, 761,784, 821, 886
McDonald, JEneas, 202
McDonald, Alex., 279
McDonald, Allan or Allen, 279,
299, 304, 332
McDonald, Angus, 50, 79, 279, 441
McDonald, Archibald, H. B. Co.,
at capture of Fort William by
Lord Selkirk Aug. 13th, 1816
McDonald district, Man., 1, 290
McDonald, Finan or Finnan, 279,
554, 606, 610, 611, 612,629,648,
666, 673, 675, 692, 705, 707, 787,
869, 899
McDonald, Gov., 98, is Miles McDonnell
McDonald, Hector, H. B. Co., at
Fort William Aug.  23d, 1816
McDonald, John, dit Bras
Croche, see McDonald, John,
of Garth
McDonald, John, dit Le Borgne,
proprietor N. W. Co., was at
Fort William Aug. 16th, 1817
McDonald, John, dit Le Pretre,
from his strict Romanism,
was a retired partner N. W.
Co., settled at Long Sault
on Ottawa r.,1817
McDonald, John, made prisoner
at capture of Fort William
Aug. 13th, 1816
McDonald, John, of Garth, 44,
202, 219, 255, 278, 280, 457, 500,
508, 640, 747, 750, 758, 761, 762,
763, 766, 771, 774, 775,78o, 784,
791, 825,826, 827, 838, 839, 843,
845, 850, 853,854, 859, 863, 865,
866, 871, 879, 894, 895, 916
McDonald, John, unidentified,
255, 278, 279, 280,508, 544,561,
611, 849, is more than one
person
McDonald, J. or Jo.,-unidentified,
278, 279
McDonald, Peter, 279
McDonald's r., 707
McDonald, William, agent of
Lord Selkirk in Scotland, 1813
McDonel, McDonell, see McDonnell, to which single form the
variants are here reduced
McDonnell, ^Eneas, 202, 592, is
same as McDonald, ^Eneas
McDonnell, Alexander, 202, 279
McDonnell, Allan or Allen, 202,
299, 332, 346, 898, compare
McDonald, Allan or Allen
McDonnell, " Big," 279
McDonnell, F. R., 612
McDonnell, John, 35,40,42,47,48,
174, 202, 207, 215,255,276, 278,
289, 290, 291, 293, 298,302,303,
388, 778
McDonnell, John, jun., 203, 208,
McDonnell, Michael, H. B. Co.,
on Red r. in Mar., 1814, pillaged J. B. Desmarais, N. W.
Co.
McDonnell, Miles, 40, 44, 98, 189,
202, was in custody at Fort
William in Aug., 1817, to be
taken to Canada for trial on
charges preferred by the N.
W. Co.
McDonnell,    Mr.,    unidentified,
248, 430
McDonnell's ho., 298
McDonnell, W. j., 40, 202
McDougal,   ,   759,  see   McDougall
McDougall, Alexander, 255, 759
McDougall, Duncan, 750, 753, 757,
758,  759,  76o,  762,  765,   766,
774. 775. 779. 784. 789.   792.
852,  853,  854,  861, 862,   863,
865,  868,  889,- 891,  892,   893,
894,  899,  901,  903,  904,   906,
911,  916
McDougall, George, 759
McDougall, James, 759, 898
McDougall, "Lt. Col., widow of,
McDougall, Mrs. Duncan, 891
McEacan, Hugh, 304, see Mc-
Crachen
Maceon, Joseph, 51, see Magon,
Masson
McFarlane, Allen, clerk N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1799-1804
McGilles, D., 215, 788, see McGillis, Donald
McGillis, A., 215, 216, 274, 280
 McGillis, Hugh, 97, 213, 215, 216,
255, 274, captured at Fort
William by Lord Selkirk
Aug. 13th, 1816
McGillis, Mr., unidentified, 215,
2i6, 584
McGillivray, , 97
McGillivray, Archibald, 439, 898,
arrived at Fort William from
the interior and was taken
prisoner by Lord Selkirk
Aug. 20th, 1816
McGillivray, Duncan, 255, 439,
584.704
McGillivray, John, 222, 255, 439,
512, 584, 604, arrived at Fort
William from the interior 1 p.
m. Aug. 20th, 1816, and was
taken prisoner by Lord Selkirk
McGillivray, Joseph, 439, 761,
784, 886, was a son of Hon.
Wm. McGillivray; lieutenant
of Canadian Chasseurs, war
of 1812; at taking of Michilimackinac July 17th, 1812;
partner N. W. Co., 1813, from
2d7 and supposed to have
kept on and reached Astoria
in Sept. or Oct.; left it Oct.
29th, and wintered 1813-14 at
Fort Okanagan; left Fort
George Apr. 16th, 1817, overland to Fort William; was at
Rainy Lake ho. Aug. 7th,
1817, en route to Athabasca;
was in H. B. Co., Columbia
dept, after 1821, to 1827 or
McGillivray, Mr., unidentified,
more than one person, 440,
629, 694
McGillivray, Simon, 439. One of
this name, N. W. Co., appears
on Winnipeg r., with Roderic
McLeod, en route to Athabasca July, 1817, and one, H.
B. Co., at Rainy Lake ho.,
Aug., 1823
McGillivray's p., 440, 606, 674, 675,
see Canal Flat and Grohman
McGillivray's r., 440, 606, 656, 672,
675, 705, 706, 710, see Kootenay r.
McGillivray, William,   220,   255,
256, 439, 584
McGilveray, , 97,  see McGil-
McGlees, , 97, see McGillis
McHenry co., N. Dak., 311, 409,
machinaway, 388
Mcintosh, Donald, N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1799, see next
Mcintosh, Mr., unidentified, 52,
584. The following items
may refer to more than one
person : Mr. Mcintosh had a
N. W. Co. ho. on Lake of the
Woods, 1797. Mr. Mcintosh
arrived at Grand p. June 29th,
1798. Mr. Mcintosh wintered
at N. W. Co. ho. on Lesser
Slave 1. 1803-04. Mr. Mcintosh was on Winnipeg r. Aug.
18th, 1804. Mr. Mcintosh,
partner N. W. Co., Michipi-
coten, was taken prisoner by
De Meuron soldiery under
Lord Selkirk late in 1816
Mcintosh, William, N. W. Co., at
Fort Vermilion in Dec, 1818 ;,
partner N. W. Co., 1819; captured that year with B. Frobisher and others; escaped
June, 1819. Compare Mcintosh, Mr.
Mcjhale (sic), John, clerk N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
McKay, Alexander, 255, 580, 760,
773, 776, 777. 778
McKay, Alexis, 301, 345, 778
McKay, D., 778, 863
McKay, Donald, H. B. Co., 778
McKay, Donald, was agent of
Lord Selkirk in Scotland, 1813
McKay, George, 778
McKay, J., 778
McKay, J. A, 778, 870, 873
McKay, " Mad," 778
McKay, Mr., H. B. Co., 22
McKay, Mr., of Fort Charles, 778,
is no doubt McKay, J.
McKay, Mr., various persons, unidentified, 97, 428, 778, 859,
860, 865, 915
McKay, Neil or Neill, 47, 778
McKay's ho., 778
McKay, Simon, 778
McKay's 1., 778
McKay's mt., 220
McKay's pt., 778
 980 INE
McKay's route of 1807, 778
McKay, Thomas, 776, 803, 835,
840, 844, 845, 848, 851, 855,
859,860,861, 870, 872. "We
were this evening visited by
Mr. Thomas McKay, an Indian trader of some note in
the mountains. He is a stepson of Dr. McLaughlin, the
chief factor at Fort Vancouver . . . This is the son
of Mr. Alexander McKay, who
was massacred by the Indians
of the N. W. Coast on-board
the ship ' Tonquin.' "—Town-
send's Narr., 1839, P- 82,
speaking of camp on Bear r.,
trib. to Great Salt Lake, Utah,
July 8th, 1834
McKay, William, 28, 246, 255, 269,
291, 778
McKee, , 97, 778, see McKay
McKenzie, Alexander, bourgeois
X. Y. Co. and N. W. Co., not
Sir, 255, 256, 277, 896
McKenzie, Alexander, clerk N.
W. Co., 894, 896 •
McKenzie, Alexander, others of
McKenzie, Alexander, see McKenzie, Sir Alexander
McKenzie, Andrew, 511
McKenzie, Charles, 202, 216, 259,
298, 301, 302, 345, 346, 394, 403
McKenzie, D., 216, is probably
the next
McKenzie, Daniel, 216, 255, 279,
561, was taken prisoner at
Fort William on its capture by
Lord Selkirk Aug. 13th, 1816 :
see especially Narrative of
Occurrences, etc., 8vo, London, 1817, pp. 115-119, and
App. pp. 70-83. He was at
St. Anne, Ottawa r., in 1817
McKenzie, Donald, 44, 216, 279,
448, 500, 752, 760, 761, 766,
767, 783, 787, 788, 79t 814,
843, 844, 853, 865, 866, 871,
883,  886
McKenzie, Hector, 346
McKenzie, H, N. W. Co., west
bound on Rainy River route,
Aug.,   1817,  is probably the
McKenzie, Henry, brother of
Roderic McKenzie, was acting
for the N. W. Co. in 1816, in
taken consequent
upon the capture of Fort William Aug. 13th. In 1815 he
married Miss Bethune, dau. of
Rev. Mr. Bethune; d. 1832,
leaving several children,
among them Simon McTavish
McKenzie of Montreal, and
Mrs. Stowe of Toronto, living 1889
McKenzie, J., 265, 276, 277, of the
JI. B. Co.
McKenzie, James, 216, 255, 277,
612, 759
McKenzie, James Alexander, 897
McKenzie, John, 792
McKenzie, Keith, 216
McKenzie, Kenneth, agent or
director N. W. Co.; with Wm.
McGillivray in charge of Fort
William when it was captured
by Lord Selkirk Aug. 13th,
1816; taken prisoner, and very
shortly afterward drowned
with 8 or 16 other prisoners in
an overloaded canoe on traverse of Batchiwoinan bay,
Lake Superior
McKenzie, Mr., of Forsyth and
Co., 561, was one of the elder
. Alexanders. Ross Cox says,
p. 306, that four of the Mc-
Kenzies had respectively the
soubriquets of Le Rouge, Le
Blanc, Le Borgne, and Le
Picot6, but does not say which
was which
McKenzie, Roderic, 7, 14, 61, 216,
218, 223, 255, 256,439,442,489,
511, 759, 896
McKenzie, Roderic, another, 216,
221, 223; he was still a clerk
N. W. Co. in 1817, when
nearly 50 years old; at Fort
William Aug. 16, 1817
McKenzie, Sir Alexander, 6,9, 16,
17, 18, 24, 27, 28, 32, 33, 34, 80,
193, 208, 213, 216, 220, 223, 248,
255, 266, 282, 346,455,458, 465,
474.481, 487. 498, 510, 511, 557.
580, 629, 705, 776, 777, 778, 829,
862, 896, 898
McKenzie, Sir Alexander, and
Co., 223, 282, see X. Y. Co.
McKenzie's r., 199, 253, 283, 474,
476, 510, 612, 641, 642, 782,. 898
McKey, , 778
McKie,  , 97, 778, see McKay
 Mackinac, Mackinaw, Mich., 274,
439- 760, 843, 857, 882
McLain, Alexander, H. B. Co.,
killed with Gov. Semple and
others near Fort Douglas
June 19th, 1816
McLain, John, 215, 490
McLaren s ho., 217
McLauchlin, Mr., N.W. Co., on
Kam. route, July, 1804. is
probably Dr. John McLaugh-
McLaughlin, Dr. John, N. W. Co.,
Fort Duncan, Lake Nepigon,
Aug., 1807; Sturgeon 1., winter of 1807-08, visiting Red 1.,
Dec. 1807-Feb., 1808; at Fort
William on its capture Aug.
13th, 1816; there Aug. 16th,
1817; at H. B.Co. Rainy Lake
ho., Aug., 1823
McLean co., N. Dak., 320, 321
McLellan, Archibald, clerk N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1799-1804
McLellan, Donald, 899, see McLennan, D.
McLellan, Mr., see last and next.
Mr. McLellan was at Bas de
la Riviere in June, 1795. Mr.
McLellan, clerk N. W. Co.,
Dog 1., near Lake Superior,
1797. Mr. McLellan, N. W-
Co., was at Chaboillez ho. on
Red r. in Mar., 1798, and arr.
Grand Portage July 5th, 1798
McLellan, Murdoch, left Fort
William for Michipicoten Aug.
ioth, 1812
McLellan, Robert, 760, 844, 856,
881, 882, 883, 884, 886, 899
McLennan, Archibald, see McLellan, Archibald
McLennan, Donald, 767, 783, 788,
790, 865, 899
McLennan, Robert, 882, see McLellan, R.
McLennon, Robert, 882, see McLellan, R.
McLeunnen, Donald, 899, see McLennan, D.
McLeod, Alexander, more than
one person, 277
McLeod, Archibald Norman, 255,
277. 898
McLeod, Mr., unidentified persons, 213, 277, 293, 481, 759
McLeod, Roderic, N. W. Co., on
Winnipeg r., with Simon Mc-
EX. 98I
Gillivray, jun., en route to
Athabasca, July, 1817
McLeod's fort, 214, 512, 784, and
see McLeod's Lake fort
McLeod's 1., 512, 759, 898
McLeod's Lake fort, 784
McLeod's r., 566
McMillan, A., 279, 606, 607, 609,
611, 656, 671, 674, 757, 791, 792,
895, 899
McMurray,   ,  N.  W.  Co., in
charge of Isle a la Crosse ho.
with Mr. Ogden, 1817, compare next
McMurray, Thomas, clerk N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
McNabb, , H. B. Co., 1793
McNabb, Thomas, a half-breed,,
who died, at present Lake
Dauphin (place on Vermilion
r., W. of Dauphin 1.) in 1895,
was born in the old N. W.
Co. fort on W. side of Dauphin 1., S. of Valley r.
McNeil, Hugh, 914
McNeill, Hector, from a North of
Ireland family; entered army
early as ensign; quit the army
in trouble; enlisted as private;
promoted to sergeant-major,
and after the battle of the.
Pyrenees his regiment sent to
Canada; left the army ; entered N. W. Co.; courted
fame as a bully; fought three
duels; was discharged from
the N. W. Co., and left Rainy
Lake ho. Aug. 7th, 1817, for
Fort William and Canada
Magon, , 869, see Masson
Magon, Frangois, voy.-N. W. Co.,
Nepigon and Kam., 1804
McPherson, Mr., on Rainy r., en
route to Athabasca, July, 1817
McPherson's, on Lake of the
Woods, 26
McReacan, Hugh, 332, see Mc-
Crachen
McRobb, Robert, clerk N. W.
Co., at capture of Fort William Aug. 13th, 1816
McTavish, Alexander, 792, 894,
895, 896, 902, 904
McTavish, Donald, 255, 279, 512,
749,  790,  792,  826,  894,
903.
 McTavish, Frobisher and Co., 223,
255. 439, 895
McTavish, Geo. J., 279, by error
■ for John George McTavish
McTavish, J., 895
McTavish, James Chisholm, 894,
895, 906, 914
McTavish, John George, 222, 259,
512, 752, 758, 760, 761, 766,
774, 782, 784. 791. 792. 794.
809, 825, 826, 838, 865, 893,
895
McTavish, Joseph, 895
McTavish, Mr., one or more, unidentified, 561, 584, 895
McTavish, Simon, 61, 223, 255,
895
Madgetonce, 53
Mad r., 844, 857, 872, 874
madrono tree, 816
Mageau, P., 873, 875
Magnetic 1., 11
Mahaha,    Maharhar,    Mahawba
Mahnon of Mandens, 302
Mailloux, , 284
Mailloux, Charles, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Maiminch, Maimiutch, Maimunch,
55
Main Divide, 844, see Continental
and Great Divide
Maineau, Antoine, 868
Mainville, Prisque, N. W. Co.,
Kam., 1804. One Mainville
is the " half-breed Maveen " of
Tanner, p. 216
Maison du Chien, 316
Majeau, Mageau, Louis, 873, 875
Makaoos res., 504
malasheganeh, maleachegan, or
" male achegan," 41, 445
Malataire, , interp. N. W. Co.,
Fort Vermilion, 1818
Malhiot, Frangois Victoire, or
Francis Victor, also Erambert,
220, 611, 873, brother of Lt.
Col. Pierre Ignace Malhiot
and of Hon. Francis Xavier
Malhiot, entered N. W. Co. as
apprentice clerk in 1791, aged
about 15 years; clerk, and
sent to Red River post, 1796;
sent by Wm. McGiflivray into
Dept. of Montreal r., 1804;
built Fort du Lac au Flambeau there and wintered 1804-
05; returned to Canada with
his half-breed son Francis
Xavier Ignace Malhiot, aged
five years, 1807; settled and
d. at Contrecoeur, 1840; his
widow married one Desroches,
then one Pelletier, latter the
father of O. Pelletier, who
was for some years deputy to
the legislative assembly of
Quebec. See F. V. Malhiot's
Journal from Fort Kamanaiti-
quoya to Montreal r., 1804-05,
in Masson, I. pp. 225-263
Malign chute, dam, and p., 217
Malign r., 17, 217
Malign r., 472, 473, see Sturgeon
Mallet, Jean Baptiste, founded
Peoria, 111., at first known as
Ville a Mallet Tass<§, II. p.
42, says b. Michilimackinac
about 1773, but p. 43 says he
founded Peoria about 1778.
He was killed in a quarrel
with one Senecal in 1800 or
1801, when his son Hippolyte,
the "Paullette Meillet" of
some writers, was 22 or 23
years old
Mallette, Frangois, N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1799
Mallory, Minn., 127
Manaundea, 55
Manchester ho., 489, 503
Mandane, Mandan vill., 298, 299,
302, 323, 329, 330, 354, 359, 360,
397. 5i6
Mandanes, Mandans, 50, 52, 61,
145,
175.  178.
16, 259, 289, 290, 293, 298,
301, 302, 304, 314, 317, 319,
323, 324. 330, 333, 334, 335.
336, 337. 338, 343. 344. 345,
347. 348, 349. 350, 356, 358,
361. 362, 363, 365. 366, 370,
372, 374. 380, 382, 383. 385,
394. 398, 399. 402, 403. 424.
442.  53o,  531.  778
Mandan tour of the author, 285
and following to 421
Mandeville, , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799; one of the
name on Lake Superior Aug.
Mandeville, Alexis,
Co., Redr., 1804
Mandeville, Antoine,
Co., Fort Dauphi
roy.  N. W.
 Manethowaubane, 208
Mangeurs de Lard, 248
Maniant, , engage N. W. Co.,
Fort at Forks ofPeacer., 1803
Manicque, M., 870, 873
Manitaubos.Manithoaubang,Man-
Manitoba, 1, 4, 23, 26, 29, 33, 38,
.   43,45, 69, 79, 82, 126, 207, 208,
300, 308, 413, 426, 460
Manitoba Hist and Sci. Soc., 27,
482
Manitoba 1., 291, see Lake Mani-
Manitoban, 208
Manitoba R. R., 63
Manito hills, 297
Manito 1., 566
Manito rap., 21
Manitouabanc, Manitoubanee 1.,
203, 236, 237
Manitou, god, 121, 199, 200, 340
Manitou, Man., 419
Manitou rap., Rainy r., 21
Manitou rap., Winnipeg r., 34
Manitowapaw, 208
Manominee r., 143, 147
Manvel, N. Dak., 138
Man Who Took the Coat's band,
Man with One Ear, 241
Many Point 1., 146
Maple Bay, Minn., 130
Maple isl., 237
Maple r., 144
maples, 4, 130, 172, 492
Marabceuf 1. and p., Marabou p.,
Marais, 511
Marandas,   Joseph,   voy.   N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Marchand,    ,   a young man,
agent     of    Michilimackinac
traders at Baie Verte, 1785
Marchard,   Michel,   N.   W.   Co.,
Rainy 1., 1799
Marchisseau, 303
-Marcil,    ,   N.   W.  Co.,   Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Marcotte, Frangois, voy.  N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Margaret, Man., 415
Margry's Decouvertes, 346
Maria's r., 398, 524
EX. 983
Marion co., Ore., 813
Marion, .F-, 670
Marlboro ho.  appears on upper
Assiniboine r. on McKenzie's
map of 1801
Marquesas isls., 844, 847, 912
Marquette, , 346
Marquette, Man. ,289, 290
Marseilles, Frangois, voy. N. W.
1798-99,
Red   Deer
English r., 1804
Marshall co., Minn., 90, 126, 127
Marsh r., br. of Red r. in Minn,,
143
Marsh r., br. of Red r. in Minn.,
another, 150
Marsh River, Minn., 143
Marshy pt., 237
Marson, Alexis, 869, see Masson,
A.
Martel, Baptiste, 556
Martelle, , 554, 584, 589, 590
Marten p., 10
Martin, , one or another, unidentified, 442, 555, 557, 580.
Two of the name, father and
sonj freemen, were at Grand
rap. of the Sask. r., 1817
Martineau, Ambrose, voy. N. W.
Co., Torch 1., 1804
Martin, F., 609
Martin, Frangois, 868, 904
Martin, Francois, 442
Martin, Frederic, 442
Martin, Hon. G. B., 675
Martin, Jereinie, 442
Martin, Michel, 442
Martin, Pierre, 441, 442
Martin p., 10, 11, see Marten p.
Martin's falls, 36,46
Mary, see St. Jaccou, Hippolyte
Mascan, Mascou, Alexis, 869, 907,
909, 910, see Masson, Alexis
Mascouche, 269
Mashquegie, Mashquegon, Maske-
gan, Maskegon Inds., 231,466,
468, 470, 47t 477, 509, 571, 742
Maskwa r., 34
Mason,    ,   90
Alexis
Masquegies, 287,
Inds.
Massachusetts, 787
Massacre isl., 26
massacres in Montana, 735, 736
Masse, , N. W. Co., Fort a
forks of Peace r., 1803
see   Masson,
i Mashquegie
 Mass6, , Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Massicotte, Jean Baptiste, v6y. N.
W. Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Masson, Alexis, 868, 869, 892, 903,
905, 907, 909, 914, 915
Masson, Joseph, 51, 77
Masson, L. R., 35, 40, 47, 50, 52,
82, 166, 174, 189, 195, 196, 212,
216, 220, 221, 223, 256, *276,
27.8, 289, 300, 301, 302, 345,
388, 398, 424, 457, 611, 763,
766,  782,  784,  790, 916
Masson, Mrs. Senator L. R.,897
Massue, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Masta, Pierre, N.W. Co., Kam.,
Masula r., 707
Mathews, William W., 788, 810,
811, 813, 815, 827, 828, 830,
834, 838, 840, 844, 849, 851,
867, 868, 877, 878, 888, 892,
893. 903
Mathurin, Joseph, N. W. Co., Red
Deer 1., 1798-99
Matootonha, 329
Matte, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Matthews, W. W., 760, 783, 788,
see Mathews
Mattson, Minn., 90
Maui, 846
Maurand, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Maurepas, Comte de, 35
Mauvaise Hache, 54
Mawkoose, a Cree, 656, 660, 664
Maximilian, PrinzzuWied, 365,557
Maymagwaysee pt., 456
Maymiutch, 54, 56, 71, 79, 95, 96,
98, 101, 104, 124, 125, 131, 133,
134, 136, 162, 167,175, 196, 232
Mayotte, a Mr.,% married an Ind.
at Bas de la Riviere Aug.
8th  1800, compare Meiout
Mayville, N. Dak., 142
Mayville, N. Y., 761
Meadow, a camp on .Pigeon r., 8
Meadow Inds., 133, 494, 517, 652,
673, 719, 725, 727, 734, 737. 819
Meadow 1., 208, see Lake Manitoba
Meadow 1., another, 561
Meadow p., between Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipegoosis,
175, 207
Meadow p. ,on Kam. route, 218,247
Meadow p., 290, s
Meadow r., br. of Clearwater r.,
Meadow r., on Kam. route, 218
Medewiwin, 125
Medicine Knoll, Knowl, 507
Medicine Lodge, 700
Medicine Lodge hills, 638
Medicine Lodge r., Medicine f.,
638, 939
Medicine Tent, 666, 667
Meiout, a Mons., clerk N. W. Co.,
named as from Qu'Appelle r.
by D. Thompson Oct.   nth,
1797, compare Mayotte
Melangon, , 196
Melbourne sta., Man., 296
Menacliez ? Mr., on Kam. route,
July,   1804,   compare  M6ne-
Menard, , " old," 311
Menard, Col. Pierre, 311
Menard, Frangois, 311
Menard, Frangois, 311
Menard, Hippolyte, 311
Menard, Joseph, 311
Menard, Michel B., 311
Menard, Pierre, and Pierre jun.,
3«
Menaukonoskeeg r., 47
Meneclier, Louis, clerk N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Meneshosha r., 346
Menie, Jean Baptiste, 303
Menteith Junction, Man., 305
Mephistopheles   of   Astoria,  750,
758
Mercer co., N. Dak., 322
Mercier, Jean Baptiste,   voy. N.
W. Co., Upper Red r., 1804
Meriwether's bay, 750
Merleton r., 685
Mero Lake ho., N. W. Co., " old"
Mesen, -
■, 869, 903, see Masson,
Messier, Charles, N. W. Co., lower
English r., 1799
Metaharta, 323
Me-ti
Metass6 pt., 36
Methode, Methote, ,
Methot, Frangois, 610
Methuen sta., Man., 305
Methy 1., 600
Methy p., 472, 510, 581
Methy Portage r., 581
 Metra, Joseph, N. W. Co., Kam.,
Michel, an Iroquois on Lieut.
(later Sir) John Franklin's first
expedition,   1821,   murdered
pt Lieut Robert Hood, and was
killed by Dr. (later Sir) John
Richardson
Michel, Pierre, 874
Michepicotton, 199, see Michip-
Michilimackinac, 190, 234, 240,
423, 890; among recorded
forms of the word are Mich-
ilimakenac, Michuimakina,
Michilimakinac, Michilimak-
inaouak, Michilimaquina,
Michillimakinac, Michillimak-
inaoua, Miscilemakina, Mis-
elimackinack, Misilemakinak,
Missilimakina, Missilimaki-
nac, Missilimakinak, Missili-
■ maquina, Missilimaquinak;
there are many others, some
as far fetched as Mahimilli-
mae. The word is Algonquin
for " Great Turtle" ; it was
applied to the genius loci of
the isl., to the hill which the
turtle-god was supposed to inhabit, to the island on which
this aboriginal Olympus stood,
and the post on the S. side
of the strait, built by orders of
the Governor-General of Canada, This was almost entirely destroyed by fire Dec.
22d, 1762, but had been largely
. restored when the massacre of
June 4th. 1763, occurred (see
next). The place was taken
July 17th, 1812 ; news of the
. capture to Fort William per
ship Invincible Aug. 2d, 1812
Michilimackinac massacre, 234,
867. The widely discrepant
statements, both of the
strength of the garrison and
of the total casualties, have
never been satisfactorily explained. The accounts range
between about 90 soldiers, 4
traders, 300 Canadians, present, of whom about 70 soldiers
and 1 trader were killed, to
about  35   soldiers,   39 or 40
>ex. 985
total English, of whom 17
soldiers and 1 trader, and
later 5 more soldiers, were
killed. The wide discrepancy
between " 70" and " 17 may
possibly be due to similarity
of the words " seventeen "and
" seventy," or mistranslation
of the French "dix-sept." The
officers were: Major Etherington, in command; Lieut.
Lesslie ; Lieut. Jean Jemette
or John Jamet; the latter
killed, the others spared. The
civilian traders present were :
A. Henry, sen., who vividly
narrates the tragedy in his
Travels, etc., 1809, p. 76 seq.,
and assigns the high figures
to the casualties; Ezekiel
Solomon; Mr, Bostwick ; Mr.
Tracy (killed) ; and there
seems to have been a fifth, an
Englishman from Detroit.
Among the many Canadians
present, all of whom the Inds.
spared, were C. M. Langlade
and a Jesuit missionary, the
latter supposed to be the Pere
Pierre Luc de Jaunay who
bore Etherington's letter of
June 12th to Major Gladwin.at
Detroit, being gone on this
journey June 2oth-3oth
Michipicoten, Michipicotton, 188,
199, 241, 283, 284; island also
known as Isle de Maurepas;
French trading-post on mainland " old " in 1767
Micropterus dolmieu, 445
Middle Bear, a chf., 625, 655, 657,
659, 660
Middle cr., br. of Assiniboine r.,
95
Middle p., 218
Middle r., 294
Midway cr., 488
Miette r., 642
Migneron, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Rainy 1., 1804
Milieux, 284
Milk r., 462, 524
Miller, Joseph, 885, 887
Miller, Mr., H. B. Co., 275, see
Miller, Thomas
 986 INI
Miller, Private Theodore, 274
■ Miller's r., 884
Miller, Thomas, 187, 265, 266, 281
Millet's rock, 641
Millet sta., 635
Miiiigan, , 818, 837
Mills, D., 176
Millstone rock, 16
Miln, John, N. W. Co., in charge
of Pine fort on the Assiniboine in Oct., 1793; left with
one Houle to build post at
Montagne a la Bosse, 1794;
died Sunday, Mar. 8th, 1795
Milwaukee r., 234, 869
Mini, Minie, Minier, Menie,
Menier, Meunier, Jean Baptiste, 276, 301, 302, 303
Mininittee 1., 23
Minishoshay r., 346
Ministic 1., 611
Minitakie 1., 505
Minitic 1., 25
Minnedosa, Man., 305
Minnesota, 6, 10, 21, 22, 23, 26, 44,
45, 52, 79. 146, 147. 189. 205,
516
Minnetarees,  321,  322,   323,  530,
and see Big Belly Inds.
Minnititi 1., 23
minoique root, 732
Minot, N. Dak., 313, 410
Miquelon 1., 611
Mirey cr., 320, see Miry cr.
Mirleton, Mirliton r., 685, 697
Miry cr., 313, 319, 320, 321, 405,
Miscousipi, 45
Miseaebitte, 54
Mishewashence, 257
mishinaways, 388
Misistaupey, 615
Miskwawgumme-wesebe r., 82
Misquonogous, 615, 621
Missinipian system, waters, etc.,
439, 462, 472, 474, 580, 581, 897,
Missinipi r., 187, 219, 223, 277, 472,
473. 557. 600, 778, 807, 897
Missionary post, Lake of the
Woods, 456
Mission du Chien, 316
Missisourie r., 301
Mississaugue, 887, 889, 903
Mississippian waters, 21, 45, 444
Mississippi r., 24, 54, 80, 122, 1:
131, 138, 143, 146, 150, 4,
462, 760, 843, 882, 883, 890
Mississourie, Mississouri r., 3*
704
Missistaygouine, 53, 209
Missisticoine, 580
Missouria Inds., 346
Missouri basin, 314
Missourie, Missouri Inds., 304,3.
360, 384
Missourie, Missouri r., 144, jg
146, 159, 187, 202, 286, 2(
299. 302, 303, 309, 312, 313. 3
316,317, 318, 319, 320,321,3:
323, 324, 325, 328, 329, 331, 3:
339, 344. 345, 346, 349, 353, 3!
359, 362, 368, 370, 375, 383, 3'
398, 400, 401, 404, 406, 407, 4<
415, 423, 462, 487, 516, 522, 5:
525, 530, 531, 532. 539. 54i. 5!
723, 732, 733, 736, 752, 778, 8:
914
Missourie plains, 314
Missouri Fur Co., 735
Missouri River hunter, 857,
Missourite Inds., 346
Missouri tobacco, 327
Missouri waters, 843
Mistanbois, 584
mistletoe, 816
Mistowasis res., 490
Mitchell range, 706
Mitchell, Thomas, 196
Mithanasconce, 224
Moberly, Brit. Col., 607, 692
Moberly's r., 510
Mocard, , trader, served under
C. M. Langlade, was related
to the Grignon family, died
very old at Detroit, ca. 1807
Mohammedan dogma, 529
Moineau, , 629, 671
Mokooman, Joseph, an Indian,
otherwise Grand Nepisangue
or Nipissing
Moltnomas, 812
Monatagg61., 505
Moneta sta., 637
Monier, Joseph, guide N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Monk, George Henry, clerk N. W.
Co., ca. 1807
Monongahela r., 214
Monontagua, 283
 Montagnais, 524, 532
Montagnards-, 524, 532
Montagne a la Basse, 298, see
Montagne a la Bosse
Montagne a la Biche, 504
Montagne a la Bosse, 4, 61, 268,
301, 306, 307
Montagne de Chef, 146, 147, 148
Montagne de Foudre, 523
Montagne du Diable, 297
Montagne du Milieu, 549
Montagne du Pas, 470,   473, 477
Montagnes Bleues is the orig.
French name of Blue mts. in
Oregon, near Columbia r.,
given 1812 or earlier
Montana, 522, 524, 672, 673, 675,
707, 709. 735
Montana Hist. Soc, 735
I Montana massacres, 735, 736
Mont des Cercueils, 796
Mont des Tombeaux, 796
Montee, Mont<5, place on Sask. r.,
490, 502, 539, 585, 626
s Monterey, 792, 900
Montignier, —-, given as of N.
W. Co., on Okanaganr., Kamloops r., etc., 1813-14, is probably the next
'  Montigny, Ovide de, 783
Montour, , 757
Montour, , 584, 604, 605, 611
Montour, Bonhomme, 443
Montour, Mr., 603
Montour, Mr., 611
Montour, Nicolas, clerk N. W.
Co., 1804, and later, 443, 656,
671, 674, 757, 7S2, 788, 899
Montour, Nicolas, partner N. W.
Co., 1787, 443
Montour, Nicolas, voy. N. W.
Co., 1799, 443
Montreal, 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 19, 40, 60,
80, 164, 188, 200, 202, 219, 222,
223, 234, 240, 248, 255, 256,
266, 269, 277, 279, 283, 301,
439, 465, 505, 602, 608, 626,
747, 760, 777, 843, 853, 854,
"  ,  875,  897.   903.
915
Montreal agreement, 189, 214, s
222,  223, 278, 301, 439,   5
612, 759,  777.  778.  894,   J
896, 897
Montreal r., 280, 283.
Montreuil,   , Canadian fi
man at Grand rap. of Sask.
Montreuil, Joseph, voy. N.W. Co.,
Chippewa r., 1804
Montreuil, P., freeman, Fort des
Prairies, 1804
Moody's r., 884
Mooney, , 316
moon-eyed toothed herring, 444
Moorhead, Minn., 80, 147
Moorhead, N. C, 84
Moose cr., br. of Athabasca r., 641
Moose cr., br. of Sask. r., 560, 562,
570, 575. 587, 589, 623
Moose Dung, an Assiniboine, 597,
623
Moose Dung, Minn., 127
Moose factory, 484, on S. side of
the isl. at mouth of Moose r.,
James' bay, Hudson's  bay ;
N. W. Co. ho. founded 1803
Moose Head, Man., 415
Moose Head hill or hills, 302, 303,
304
Moose Hill cr., 560
Moose hills, Assin., 522
Moose hills, N. of N. Sask. r.,
504, 546, 549, 557, 558
Moose isls., 455, 456
Moose 1., Beaver r., 875
Moose 1., Missinipi r., 259
Moose 1., Rainy River route, 9
Moose Lake r., 466
Moose 1., Sask , 466, 477
Moose mt, 308, 310, 402, 522
Moose Mountain cr. and 1., 308
Moose Muzzle, a person, 218
Moose Nose isl., 461
Moose p., 9
Moose r., br. of Beaver r., 574, 875
Moose r., br. of Sask. r., 561, 595,
596 WBmm
Moose r., trib.to Hudson's bay, 484
Moose woods, 592
Moosomin res., 499, 501
Mooyie, Hooyie r., 707
Moreau, Hyacinthe, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Morelle, , 289
Morgan, , 316
Morlgeon, , left Saint-Martin,
Canada, 26 years before he
was found, Sept., 1845, by
Father de Smetsomewhere on
Columbian waters in Montana
Morijeau, Joseph,voy. N.W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Morin, , 569, 870, see Morren,
Morrin
 Morin, Augustin, 569
Morin, Etienne, 569
Morin, Frangois, 569
Morin, Jean Baptiste, 569
Morley,   Morleyville,   Alb.,   522,
705
Morningside sta., 637
Morren,  ,  569,  630,  870,  see
Morin, Morrin
Morren, Frangois, 569
Morrin, 569, 870, 873, see Morin,
Morren
Morrin, Frangois, 569
Morris, Man., 63, 69
Morrison, Roderick, clerk N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Morrison, Wm.,in Minnesota, 164,
611; with him, as per his letter
of   1856,   were   the   brothers
Antoine and Michel Cheniers,
John   McBean,  one   Bouvin,
and one Grignon
Morrison,William, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper    Red   r.,   1804,    301,
345
Morse's slough, 138
Mosquito pt., 478
Mossy portages, 207, 466
Mossy r., 207
Most, a person, 603
Mouge, , 191
mountain buffalo, 682
mountain goat, 641, 682, 757
Mountain 1., 9, 10
Mountain p., 218
Mountain r., 510
mountain sheep, 641, 680, 687, 688,
697
Mt. Forbes, 689
Mt. Hood, 830
Mt. Josephine, 7
Mt. Mirliton, 686
Mt. Murchison, 689
Mt. Neahkahna, 755
Mt. Nelson, 675
Mt. Ranier, 796
Mt. St. Helena, 795
Mt. St. Helena Inds., 879
Mt. Tacoma, 796
Mouse r.,4, 167, 189, 202, 207, 208,
212, 296, 297, 298, 301, 303, 305,
306, 308, 309, 310, 311, 313, 3i4,
315, 316, 319, 406,409, 410, 411,
412, 413, 414, 415, 661
Mouse River, N. Dak., 408
Mousseau,  ,   several  of  the
name, 607, 629, 648, 668, 674
Mousseau, Louis, 648, 868, 869,
903
Mowat, , 202, 592
Mowee, 846
Moyic r., 707
Muddy cr., 512
Muddy 1., Lake Manitoba, 208
Muddy 1., on Sask. r., 468
Muddy portages, 9, 12
Muddy r., br. of Peace r., 510
Muddy r., br. of Red r., 55
Mud 1., on Sask. r., 465, 468
Mud 1., on Rainy River route, 10
Mud r., br. of Peace r., 510
Muffle d'Orignal, 218
mule-deer, 614
Muleton r., 685
Multnoma, Multnomah Inds., 811,
Mumford, , 882, is John M. of
Mass., second mate of the
Tonquin, from N. Y. Sept. 6th,
1810, to the Columbia Mar.
22d, 1811, and at Astoria for
some time after the Tonquin
left
Munro, Dr., N. W. Co., Grand
Portage, 1797-99
Munro, Henry, clerk and interp.
N. W. Co.,LePic, 1804
Munro, John, clerk N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Munro, William, N. W. Co., Upper
Redr., 1799
Mure, John, 255
Murray, —'■—, 301, 302
Murray, Donald, 426, 427
Muscagoes, 474,484, see Mashquegons
Muskako country, 189
e-gum-me-wee-see-bee
Muskeek p., 70
muskeg, 287
Muskeg hill, 640
Muskego chf., 180
Muskeiko country, 778
Muskrat r., 61, 439, see Rat r,
Musquawegun 1., 630
mussels, 901
Musselshell r., 302
Mustela americana, 122
Mustela pennanti, 103
Mustelidse, 829
Myry cr., 320, see Miry cr.
Mytilus edulis, 901
 nacaysh, 444
Nacogdoches, Tex., 312
Nadawa camp, 883, see Nadowa r.
Nadeau, , 603, 604, 611
Nadeau, Denis, 603
Nadeau, Joseph, 603
Nadoneceronons   is   one way of
spelling Sioux in Radisson's
Nadouasis. 516, see Sioux
Nadowa r., 843, 856, 882, 886
Nadowasis, Nadowessies, 16, 23,
Nagailer, 524
Nahanies, 524
Nahathaways, 683
Nah-toos, god, 528
Nainauboushaw, 512
Nainouboushow, 521
Namakan 1. and r., 17, 18
Nainas, Alb., 566
Namaukan,    Namekan,    Nameu-
■ Namew 1., 472, 473
Namure,   Joseph,   N.   W.   Co.,
Kam., 1804
Nanaudaya, Nanaundeyea, Nan-
auduge,  54, 55, 78, 118,  119,
Nan-bun-ai-jam, 152
Nantais, L6on Marie, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Nan tel, Joseph, see Nentaine
Naowawgunwudju, 305
Napiquan is given as Blackfoot
name of British
Napoleon, 558, see Bonaparte, N.
Narrows of Cedar 1., 466
Narrows of Lake Manitoba, 207,
208
Narrows of Lake Winnipeg, 337,
445, 451. 454
Narrows of Tete du Chien, 454
Nashakepenais res., 69
Nash, Bell, 874
National Park, 618, 703
Naubeenvishcung, 54, 152, 423
Naubonostouog, 241
Naubunaejonbe, 244
Naubunaijam, 55
Naudowesis, 533, see Sioux
Naufaulk sound, 859
Nault, Baptiste, voy. c.-m. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Nawicquaicoubeau, 266, 270
Nawiti, 777
Nebenninahnesebee r., 82
Ne-bo-wese-be r., 41
Nechacho rv, 784, 898
Necklace, an Ind., 53, 285
Neepawa, Man., 1
Neepoin ho.,481
Neerchookioons, 798
Negisticook cr., 794
Neguaquon 1. and p., 16, 17
Negundo aceroides, 4,172, 492
Nenethawa, 505
Neill, Rev. E. D., 302
Nelson co., N. Dak., 82, 95, 138,
141, 144
Nelson, George, 259
Nentaine, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Red r., 1804
Neotoma occidentalis, 749
Nepawee ho., 481
Nepignon, see next _
Nepigon dept., district, or region
in general, 189, 190, 193, 199,
202, 223, 226, 233, 268, 280, 282,
290, 505, 556, 569, 573. 592, 603,
871, 874, 898
Nepigon r., 345
Nepisangue Inds.,   602, 608, 609,
611,   652, 695,   814, 908,   see
Nipissings
Nepisangue,   one,   old,  767,  797,
821, see Saganakie, J. B.
Nepiwa, Nepoin, Nepoway  ho.,
478, 480, 481, 482
Nepowewin ho., 481
Nepowewin mission, 482
Nepowewin rap., 482
Nequally cr., 794
Nequaquon, Nequowquon 1., 16
Nero, a dog, 863
Netley cr. and 1., 41, 42
Netnokwa, 3, 96, 229
Net Setting r., 488
Nettley cr., 41
Netulr., 750,771
New Archangel, 764
New Brunswick ho. of the N. W.
Co., on a headwater of that
Moose  r.   which  falls    into
James' bay of Hudson's bay
New Caledonia, 277, 512, 759, 784
New Caledonia ho., 784, 898
Newcetu bay, 777
New Chesterfield ho., 279
New Cumberland ho., 222
New fort, 220, see Fort William
Newfoundland, 629
New Grand p., 10
Newitty, Newity, 777
 99°                                                 INDEX.
New Jersey and Trenton Banking
Nolin, , clerk H. B. Co., Red
Co., 736
r., 1816, compare Nolin, Louis
New   London or Lunnon, Alb.,
Nolin, , N. W. Co., arrived at
566
Grand Portage June 8th, 1798
Nolin,  , retired trader, Sault
New N. W. Co., 223
New Orleans, La., 289
Ste. Marie, 1817, sold out about
New portages, Rainy River route,
1819 to C. O. Ematinger, and
went to Pembina
Nolin, Frangois, engage"  N.  W.
New Westminster, Brit. Col., 898
New Whitty, 777
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1799
New York, 84, 189, 293, 303, 505,
Nolin, Frangois, clerk N. W. Co.,
556, 603, 748, 749, 752, 759, 760,
Fort Dauphin, 1804, probably
763, 766, 767, 773, 776, 777, 78l,
same as the last
783, 787, 788, 814, 836, 845,852,
Nolin, Jean   Baptiste,   came  to
869, 874, 882, 883, 885, 891, 899,
case  at Toronto, 1818 ;  com
912, 913
pare Loueson Nowlan of Tan-
Nez Perces, 398, 709, 712, 799, 819,
827, 853, 879, 887
Nolin, Jean Baptiste, was a captain
Sault Ste. Marie, 1788
.   Nichols, C. A., 764
Nicolet, Jean, interp. of a Canadian
Nolin, Louis, witness in Semple
Fur  Co.,   Green Bay, Wis.,
in the War of 1812
1634
Nootka, 753, 777
Nicollet, J. N., 147
Nootka Jack, 864
Nicollet's Height of Land, 143
Nootka sound, 777
Nid du Corbeau, 667
Norfolk sound, 859
Nimitaw, Man., 415
Norman co., Minn., 141, 143, 150
Niobrara r., 843, 885
Normandin, Pierre, voy.  N. W.
Nipawee, Nipawi ho., 465, 481
Co., Le Pic, 1804
Nipigon, see Nepigon
Normand, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nipissing hunter, 797, see Sagana-
English r., 1804
kie, J. B.
Norquay, Man., 418
Nipissing Ind., 602, 782, 791
Norrin, , 703, 705
Nipissings, 652, 661
North America, 707
Nipowewin mission, 483
North Antler cr., 308, 310, 314,
Nippewean, Nipuwin ho., 481
412
Nipuwin r., Nipuwinsipi, 41
North br. of N. Sask. r., 650, 651,
Nithkeekpahk    Niskootake   Sipi,
652, 671, 675, 738
567
North brook, 679, see last
Niverville, M. de, founded Fort
Northcote, Minn., 84
La Jonquiere " at the foot of
North Dakota, 45, 69, 79, 81, 82,
the Rocky mts., 1752."   Mas-
310, 3"
son,  I. p.  5, says the  place
North Edmonton, 568, 633
was where Capt. Brisebois of
Northern Athapascans, 524
the mountedpolice established
Northern Boundary Commission,
a fort, shortly known by his
Report,   Survey,  22,  26,   80,
name, more than  100   years
309
later, i. e., site of present Cal
Northern Pacific and Manitoba R.
gary.   Others locate Fort La
R., 55, 288, 290, 291, 305, 418
Jonquiere higher up, at or near
the source of the S. Sask.
Northern Pacific R.  R.,  84, 90,
143, 147, 673, 674
Noah's ark, 521
North fork of Cheyenne r., 144
Nobert,   Hy.,   voy.   N.  W.  Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
North fork of Park r., 90
North fork of Reed r., 69
Noel, Louis, voy. N. W. Co., Eng
North Fowl 1., 9
lish r., 1804
North 1., 11
Noile,   Louis,   N. W.   Co.,   Red
Northmen, 7
Deer   1.,    1798-99,   probably
North Platte r., 884
same as Noel, Louis
1
Northrop, Capt., 841, 845, 850, 853
 North Saskatchewan r., 499, 500,
607, 618, 639, 640, 703, 782,
791, and see Sask. r. Most of
Part II. of the work relates
to this
Northwest Angle of the Lake of
the Woods, 24, 25, 26
North West Co., 7, :
1804
N. W. Co., Athabasca,
ri 576
40,
W. 45
48,
0, 51
52, 63, 79
80,
1, 137. 164, 172
, 187
188
189,
193
195
203
215,
216,
219
226,
233
234.
237.
244,
248,
249
253,
255,
259.
266,
268
277.
278,
279,
280
289,
292,
293,
297,
2Q8
299.
301,
302,
303,
311,
,345
346,
370.
425,
439,
442
443.
445.
457.
465,
466,
474
475,
476.
477,
483,
487,
500
503,
505,
508,
5SI,
544,
553
554,
555,
^6,
557.
560,
572,
573,
58o,
581,
583,
591,
592
594,
598,
6it
613,
626,
630,
641,
648,
659,
661
664,
667,
675.
705,
734.
748
749,
752,
757,
75«,
759,
761,
764.
766,
767,
772,
774
775,
776,
778,
779,
780,
782,
783,
784,
787,
788,
789.
790,
79t
792,
837,
848,
861,
862,
H65,
867,
868,
869,
870,
871,
873,
874.
877.
882,
883,
884,
889,
890,
894.
895,
896, 897, 898,899, 916
North West Co. flag, 810, 848
North West Co. map, 176
North West Co. outfit of 1805, 280
: North West Co. schooner, 792
North West Co. winter express,
275
Northwest Point of the Northwest
Angle   of the   Lake   of   the
Woods, 24, 25, 26
North Wind, an Ind., 588
Norway ho., H. B. Co., so called
as built by Norwegians, was
on the N. part of Lake Winnipeg, about entrance of Play-
gree
Nose cr., 499, s<
Nose hill, 500
Nouhity, 777
Noutka, 777
1.427
', Ignace, an Iroquois,
Noyau, Noyei
Nunl., 566
Nut isl., 457
Nuttall, Thomas, the subsequently
distinguished botanist and ornithologist, went with W. V.
Hunt from St. Louis early in
Jan., 1811, to the Nadowa
camp Apr. 17th, 1811, and was
left at the Arikara vill. July
18th, when the overland Astorians went on. In 1834 he
accompanied J. K. Townsend
on the Wyeth overland expedition to the Columbia r.
Oakinacken,790,865, see Okanagan
Oak 1., 305
Oakland, N. Dak., 412
Oak pt., Columbia r., 794, 820, 828,
834, 835. 836, 837, 838, 840, 848,
851, 853, 857, 863, 878, 914
Oak pt., Lake of the Woods, 26
Oak Point, Ore., 788
Oak Point vill., 793, 832
Oak p., Kam. route, 219
Oak p., Winnipeg r., 34
oaks, 49, 815
Oaks, The, 795, 825
Oathlamuck, 833
Observatoire de Clarke, 751
Ocanashkit, 53, 203
Ocean ho., 645
Ocean Man's band, 522
O'Connor, Patrick, 806, 874
O'Fallon's bluff, Nebr., named for
a hunter killed there by Chey-
Ogden, Nicholas G., 845, 846
Ogden, Peter, N. W. Co., was in
charge of Isle a la Crosse ho.
with McMurray in 1817
Ogebois,  Ogeebois,  54, 510, 533,
534.  535.  536,  537.  see Ojib-
Ogemawudju mt., 147
Ogilvie, John, 255, 256
Ogilvie, Mr., 203, 561
Ogoniarto, Thomas, an Iroquois,
N. W. Co., among those captured with B. Frobisher, 1819
Oheenaw, Ohhaw, Ohheenaw, 332
Ohio r., 96
 Ojibbeway, Ojibway Inds., 3, 16,
53.54.55,82, 122, 125,263, 267,
268, 427,448, 510, 512, 532, 533,
Okanagan r., 783, 786, 882
Okanogan co., Wash., 786
Okemasis res., 490
Okinakane r., 786, see Okanagan
Old, for several following see also
without "Old"
Old Bear, a Piegan, 703
Old Buffalo, an Ind., 58
Old Crane, a chf., 402
Old Fallewine, 53, 209, see Vieux
Folle Avoine
Old Fort on Athabasca r., 642
Old Frog, a chf., 190, 241
Old Island fort, 562
Old Man's cr., 611
Old Necklace, a chf., 53, 285
Old Wild Rice, a chf., 53, 209
Olor americanus, 4
Olor buccinator, 4, 752
Olor columbianus, 92, 752
olthen, 786
Omaha Inds. or vill., 778, 843, 857,
871, 884
Onayoise, Etienne, 875
Oncorhynchus chavicha, 750
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, 750
Oncorhynchus keta, 750
Oncorhynchus kisutch, 750
Oncorhynchus nerka, 750
Oncorhynchus quinnat, 750
Ondainoiache, Ondoinoiache, On-
doiworache, 54, 55, 194, 231
Onion cr., br. of Missouri r., 319
Onion 1, near N. Sask. r., 506
Onion Lake sta., 504, 505
Ontario, 6, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29,
301
Ontario Sessional Papers, 175
Ontonagan r. is Tonnagan r. in
McKenzie
Qoneepowhayoos res., 548
Oochenawga   is    the    way    D.
Thompson   spells   Okanagan
Aug. 29th, 1811
Opposition Co., 48, 136
Opuntia, 321
Ordeway, John, 914
Oregon, 268, 289, 303,443, 556, 757,
801, 812
Oregon City, Ore., 811
Oregon r., 749
Oregon robin, 816
Oregon trail, 843
Oredle Perc6 nation, 398
Orestes, sloop, 762
Oriental dogma, 529
orignal, 9
Orignal 1. and p., 9
Orion, Gabriel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Orkney isls., 426, 427, 462
Orkney lad or girl, 426, 427
Orkney men, 187, 479
Oroutagouga, Paul, voy. c.-m. N.
.-     W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
Osna Boia, 45
Osnaburg, 45
Osnaburghho., H. B. Co., on N.
side of Lake St. Joseph, about
long. 900 W., after 1799
Ossian, 45
Ossineboine r., 311
Ossiniboia, 45
Ossiniboyne r., 45
Otaskwan sta., 634
Otepe, Mr., trader in Minn., etc.,
in or before 1803, as per Wm.
Morrison letter of 1856
oto, 756
Ottawa, an Ind., 553, 554
Ottawa dialect, 82
Ottawa Inds., 96, 584, 591
Ottawa, Ont., 747, 915
Ottawa r., 788
Ottawwaw Inds., 96, 263, 448
Otter Point Rock, 34
Otter Tail   co.,  Minn.,   145, 146,
147, 148
Otter Tail 1.,   145,  146, 148, 149,
151, 274, 383
Otter Tail r., 146, 147
Otter Track 1., 13
Otter, ship, 221
Ottowwaws, 271, see Ottawa and
Ottawwaw Inds.
Oucanashkit, 54
Ouelette, , express with Fournier, Slave 1. to Fort Chipewyan Apr. 17th, 1800
8emess8rite, 346
Ouimet, Mrs. Alderic, 301
Ouinipeg, Ouinipigon, Ouinipique, 27, 37, see Winnipeg
Oui, Patrick, 868
Ouiseconsaint for Wisconsin, Mal-
hiot's Journ., 1804, in Masson,
I- P- 235
Oumissourite, 346
 Ouragon for Oregon r., in La-
rocque's Journ., 1804-05, in
Masson, I. p. 310
Outarde 1. and p., 9
outardes, 9, 172, 740
Overland Astorians, 787, 843, 857,
862, 867, 869, 871, 872, 873, 874,
881, 882, 883, 884, 885, 886, 887,
898
Ovis montana, 641, 680
Owl r., 574
Owlshead, 78
Owyhee, 847
Oxbow sta., Assin., 308
Ozaw-wen-dib, 54
O-zhusk-koo-koon, 229
Pacific Fur Co., 748, 749, 751
757. 758, 759. 760, 761,
766, 767, 776, 777, 783,
788, 789, 790, 792, 814,
834, 838, 842, 851, 852, _.
861, 862, 863, 865, 872, 874,
882, 885, 886, 897, 889, 891,
894.  899,  903,  912
Pacific ocean, 223, 266, 298,
333.  473.   524,   578,   583.   647,
692,   694,   705,   706,   712,
776,   777.   782,   784,   857.
866,  898, 914
Packanakra, a Kanaka, -674
Pack cr., 672
.   Packer, Packie, ship, 864
Pack r., 512
Pacquin, Pacquim, 599, 605
Paddle r., 566
Paddling Assiniboines, 522
Paddling 1., 492
Paegan, Pagan, 524, see Piegan
♦ .Paget, Antoine, 204, see Payet
ilPSget, Joseph, 204
Pahai, Peter, 868
Pahkee, 524, see Piegan
Pain Binatat, 82, see Pembina
Painter., 565, 611, 632, 744
Painted Feather,  507,   527,   529.
54i. 545. 547. 576, 577. 598
Painted Feather's band, 524, 530,
539.542.572,588.736
Painted r., 506, see Vermilion r.
Paint 1., 778
Fair6, , 630
Paiutes, 818, 819
Pakan, Alb., 564
Pakeeknaak, Thomas, 868
palimpsest, 97
EX. 993
Palliser, Alb., 633
Palliser range, 689
Palliser r., 906
Palooses, 827
Palouse r., 767
Pambian, Pambina r., 82, 94, see
Pembina r.
Pambrun, Pierre Chrysologue, b.
near Quebec Dec. 17th, 1792,
son of Andre Dominique Pambrun; took part in war of 1812;
entered H. B. Co.; in 1816 was
captured during the disturbances on Red r. by some of
-the N. W. Co. under C. Grant,.
R. McKenzie, and others, but
soon released; on the coalition
of 1821 went to Cumberland
bo., and while there married;
a dau. of Thos. Umfreville;.
took charge of Fort des Ba-
bines in New Caledonia about;
1825; left about 1827 to winter at Lac d'Orignal, and
went next year to Fort Vancouver; about 1832 took charge
of Fort Wallawalla, and remained there till his death by
fall from a horse about 1840
Panbian mt, 152, 154. 251, see
Pembina mts. and Hair hills
Papbian r., br. of Athabasca r.,
523, 566, 608, 661, 739
Panbian r., br. of Red r., 75, 79, 81,
153, 178, 180, 181, 182, 185,
190, 191, 192, 193, 195. 196,
203, 208, 211, 212, 213, 225,
230, 232, 238, 249, 250, 251,
255, 259, 260, 264, 265, 266,
281, 285, 286, 291, 292, 304,
416, 418, 420, 421, 422, 424,
430, 432, 433, 437, 440, 447. 889
Panbina r., 82, see Pembina r.
Pangman, Bostonnais, 269, 628,
668. 669
Pangman, Hon. John, 269
Pangman, Peter, 269, 507, 640,
662
Pangman's tree, 269, 507, 640, 662,
679
Panis, 145, see Pawnees
Papa or Pane, , was on Kam.
route July 27, 1804, compare
Papin, Pepin
Papaschase res., 568, 634
Papin, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
 994 INI
Paquet, Bastien, voy. c.-m. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Paquet, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Paquia, Joseph, 868
Paquia, Louis, 868
Paradis, Cuthbert, 443
Paradis, Cyrile, 443
Paradise sta., Mont., 674
Paradis, Frangois, 443
Paraurriee, a Kanaka, 868
Pareil, ——, 659
Pareil, Pierre, 578, 647, 669
Parent, , 775
Parenteau, , 548, 552, 553, 570,
57i. 572, 582, 587, 603, 604,
605, 608, 609, 615, 620, 624,
628, 631, 632
Parenteau,  , Athabasca, 553
Parenteau, Jean, 553
Parenteau, Joseph, 553
Paris, France, 603, 897
Parisien, , one or more, 555,
556, 557. 593. 594. 615, 675
Parisien, Baptiste, 556
Parisien, Bonaventure, 556
Parisien, Hyacinthe, 556
Parisien, Ignace, 556
Parisien, Jean B., 556
Parisien, Joseph, 557
Parisseux rap., 218
Parizzian,  , 556, see Parisien
Park, Joseph, 599
Park r., br. of N. Sask. r., 690
Park r., br. of Red r., 82, 86, 89,
90, 91, 93. 99, 102, 107, 126, 133,
137, 138, 141, 148, 158, 174,
175,   178,  229,  235,  437,   438
Park River post, 123
Parks, John, H. B. Co., 545, 605
Parks, Mr., at Fort George, 851
Parliament, 663, see Act of
Parrenteau,  , 553, see Parenteau: one of the name so
spelled appears as of Fort
Chipewyan, 1799, probably
the Parenteau of Athabasca,
above
Parrin,    ,   X.   Y.   Co.,   Fort
Chipewyan, 1800
Parrisien, , 556, see Parisien
Parsnip r., 510, 512, 777
Partridge falls, 164
Partridge p., 8
Pas, a place on Sask. r., 469
Paskonkin res., 22
Pas Mission, 469
Pasquayah r., 462, 481
Pasquayah vill., 470
Pasquia hills, 470
Pasquia r., 462, 469, 470, 471
Pasquiaw mt, 473
Pasquiaw r., 470
Pasquitinow hills, 470, 478
Passage isl., 119
Passeau Min
passenger-pigeon, 8
Patenaude, , 591, 621, 628
Patenaude, Michel, 591
pathagomenan, in  McKenzie, is
the cloudberry, Rubus chamce-
Patrick, Mrs., 216
Patterson, Charles, trader among
the Sioux on or near Yellow
Medicine r., br. of the Minnesota; Patterson rap. probably
named for him
Patterson, Mr., trader with J. and
T. Frobisher, 1775, met with
them by A. Henry, sen., on
Lake Winnipeg Sept. 7th,
1775; accompanied the latter
from a Fort des Prairies to an
Assiniboine vill., winter of
1775-76
Pattet, , 788, see Pillet
Patty, John, 913, 914, z. <?., John
Potts, of Lewis and Clark
Paubna, 82, see Pembina    .
Paul, Bat.-, 583
Paul, Jean Baptiste, 279, 457
Paul, Joseph, 279, 457
Paul, Nicolas, 457
Paul, Paulet, 457
Paul, Pierre, 457
Pautchauconce, 304
pautumaugan, 790
Pavilion, Pavionr., 767
Pawkee, 524, see Piegan
Pawnees, 145, 317, 330, 333, 334,
335, 336, 383. 384. 400
Payet, Antoine, 204, 226, 232, 239,
249, 250
Payet, Madame, 226
Payette, Frangois, 868, 914
Payette r., 761
Payoenancr., 483
Peace hills, 635
Peace Hills Agency, 522
Peace pt, 510
Peace r., 51, 187, 193, 214, 222, 266,
268, 277, 278, 293, 439, 489, 506,
510, 511, 512, 554, 581, 583, 604,
612, 642,705,759, 767, 777, 784.
 Peace River delta, 511
Peace River houses, 511, 512, 513
Peagan, 524, see Piegan
Pearson, James, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
Pedlar,   brig, 759, 788, 790,  814,
841, 842, 843,  844,  845,   847,
848,  850, 854, 855,  856,   857,
858, 859, 860, 862, 863, 864, 894
Peegan, 524, see Piegan
Pegouisse, 53, 257
Peigan, Peikan, 524, see Piegan
Peittet, 860, see Pillet, F. B.
Pekahkemew, Pekakemew r., 485
Pekan, 524, see Piegan
Pekasun r., 68
Pekaukaune Sahkiegun, 81
Pekitanoui r., 346
I Pekwionusk r., 69, 70
Pelan, Minn., 84
Pelecanus californicus, 771
Pelecanus   erythrorhynchus,   39,
195
Pelican, a chf., 470
Pelican 1., 81, 415
Pelican 1., in Minn., 148
Pelican r., br. of Athabasca r., 581
Pelican r., br. of Red r., 148, 275
pelicans, 39, 771
Pelletier, , 268, see Peltier
Pelletier, Jean Baptiste, 268
Pelletier, Louis, 268
Pellette,  B., 872, 875, see Pillet,
F. B.
Pellyquawkys res., 492
Peltier, , N. W. Co., 1793, 268
' Peltier, Antoine, 268
Pelton, Archibald, 867
Pelton, Joseph, 867, 868
Pembian mts., 419, see Pembina
mts.
Pembian r., 82, see Pembina r.
Pembina br. of C. P. Ry., 418
Pembina co., N. Dak., 81, 82, 89,
Pembinah, 70, 81, 263, 425, 448
Pembina mts., 54, 63, 66, 81, 82,
89, 95, 207, 208, 415, 417, 419
Pembina,   N.  Dak.,  25,   43,   51,
52,   55. 58, 60, 69, 79, 81, 82,
195.
214.
224, 232, 238, 239, 250, 268,
274, 279, 280, 398. 426, 430,
43t 873
Pembina r., br. of Athabasca r.,
279, 554, 565, 566, 567, 580, 583,
585, 602, 652, 659, 661, 761
Pembina r., br. of Little Athabasca
r., 581
Pembina r., br. of Red r., 63, 75,
79. 80, 81, 82,  143,  207,  247,
289, 418, 419, 424, 874
Pembina Ry., 414
Pembook, 652
Pembrillant, Antoine, 868, 869
Pembrook, 607, 652
Pemican p., 476
pemmican, 173, 232, 276, see tau-
Pemmican p., 476
Penawa r., 32
Pend d'Oreille Inds., 398, 709, 711
Pend d'Oreille 1., 606, 671, 672,
673, 674, 707, 709, 711
Pendennis, Man.,305
Pendroy, N. Dak., 408
Peninsula, the, Lake of the
Woods, 23
Pennawa r., 31, 32
Peoria, 111., 883
Pepin, A., 875
Perain, , 553, compare next
PcJrain, Thomas, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Peraiu, , 553, compare last
Peras, Mons., N. W. Co., was
sent by Harmon to winter
1806-07 at Moose 1. (Lac
Orignal, W. of Lake Winni-
4    peg)
Perche p., 11
Percy, Minn., 84
Perdrix Blanche, 53, 238
Pereau, Louis, engag6 N. W. Co.
apture of
Aug. 13th, 1816
Perigne, , 299
Perigne, Louis, 300
Perigny, , 553
Perigny, Louis, 300
Perizzien, , 556,
Permuatch, 614
Perogue pt., ir
; William,
MS.,
D. Thompson's
1 a place on the
day below Fort
Augustus
Peron, Godfroi, voy. N. W. Co.
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Perrault, , 303
Perrault, , 553
Perrault, , 868
Perrault, Gabriel, 630
Perrault, Guillame, 868
Perrault, William, 905
Perreault, Frangois, 301, 303
 r
Perreault, Gabriel, 303
Perreault, Guilleaume, 303
Perreault, Jean Baptiste, 303
Perreault, Jean Baptiste, bis, 303
Perreault, William, 868, 914
Perrin, , 553, 572, 582, 591
Perrinnu, , 298, see PerignS
Perrizian, , 556, 561, see Pa-
Perrone,  , X.  Y.  Co., came
with Bellegarde to Little isl.,
near Fort Chipewyan, May
23d, 1800
Perrot, Nicolas, was on the Mississippi with P. Lesieur before 1700
Perry, Minn., 143
Peruze, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Peshauba, 263, 274
Petabec r., 472
Peter Pond's old ho., 581
Petit Caribou, 54, 97
Petit Coquille, 97
Petit Coquin, 561
Petit Detroit, 10, 19
Petite Coquille, 53, 194
Petite Grue, 53, 209
Petite Montagne, 567, see Horse
hill
Petite Montagne de Roche, 224
Petite Peche, 10
Petite Pointe des Bois falls and
p., 30, 31
Petites Dalles, 31, 32
Petit, Francis B., 825, 872, see
Pillet
Petit Lac Vaseux, 473
Petit Lac Winnipec, 150
Petit Nepisangue, 675
Petit Portage de la Croix, 17
Petit Portage de la Riviere
Blanche, 31
Petit Portage des Bois Blancs,
15
Petit Portage Neuf, 10
Petit Portage Neuf, another, 18
Petit Portage Neuf, another, 18
Petit Rocher, Rainy River route,
13, 15
Petit Rocher, Winnipeg r., 27
Petit Rocher Brule, 31
Petit Rocher de la Riviere
Blanche, 32
Petit Rocher de Saginaga, 12
Petit Rocher des Couteaux p., 13
Petit Rocher du Bonnet p., 33
Petit Rocher du Lac Croche, 15
Petit Rocher du Lac du Bonnet
P-, 33   •
Petit Rocher p., Winnipeg r., 28
Petit Vaseux p., 19
Petopek r., 69
Pettit, F. B., 832, 854, 872, see
Pillet, F. B.
Pettitot, , 220
Petton, Joseph, 867, see Pelton,
Joseph
Peznor, Jacob, 885, 887
Phalacrocorax dilophus, 4
pheasant, 103
Pheasant Rump's band, 522
Pheiippeaux, Jean Frederic, 35
Philadelphia, Pa., 913
Phoca vitulina, 857
Phcebe, ship, 762, 847
Phoradendron flavescens vil-
losum, 816
Photograph cr., 560
Phragmites communis, 70
Pic, see Le Pic
Pic and L. r., 199
Picaneaux, 509, 524, 530, see Piegan Inds.
Picard, Andre, 872
Picard, M., 875
piccanan, picconou, 444
Pichaux, see Tete aux Pichaux
Piche, , a lad, 609
Piche,  , N. W. Co., Assiniboine r., 1794
Piche, , X. Y. Co., Fort Chipewyan, 1800
Pichet, Joseph, 554
Pichet, Louis, 554
Pichette, , 553
Pichette, , 603, 659, 661, 666
Pickenow, 524, see Piegan
Pickerel 1. and r., 217
Pickoutiss, 54, 55, 196
Piegan Inds., 495,509, 523, 524,526,
530, 533, 540, 544. 545. 547.
595, 635, 637, 641, 643, 644,
646, 647, 648, 650, 652, 654,
655, 656, 657, 658, 659, 660,
662, 666, 670, 671, 675, 676,
707, 710, 713, 7i8, 719, 720,
721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726,
727,  728,  729,  730,  731,   732,
I     734.   735
Piegan plains, 638
Piegan road, 639
Pierre,  ,  661, see La Pierre
and St. Pierre
Pierre, an Iroquois, 610, 626, 648
Pierre, " Joe de la," 873
 Pierre's r., 884
Pigan, 524, see Piegan
Pigeon 1., 499, 635
Pigeon Lake, Man., 289
Pigeon r., 6, 7, 8, n, 18
Pigeon River route, 218
pigeons, 4, 8, 194
Prjihir., 147
pike, a fish, 70, 444
Pike brook, 501
Pike Head, Lake Winnipeg, 456
Pike 1., 501, 588
Pikenow, 524, see Piegan
Pikenow camp, 704
Pikenow guide, 703
Pikenow plain, 638
pike-perch, 444
Piker., 501, 502
Pike, Z. M., 2, 3, 9, 36, 51, 52, 55,
80, 84, 137, 189, 216, 244, 274,
301, 302, 423, 597, 614, 628, 898
Pillet, Pillette, Pillot, Francis B.,
443, 757. 767, 783. 787. 788,
814, 825, 832, 854, 860, 865,
872,  875,  882,  899
Pilon, Frangois, N. W. Co.,
starved to death at fort at
forks of McKenzie r., under
Wentzel, winter of 1810-11
Pilot Knobs, 844, 884
Pimbina, see Pembina
Pinancewaywining r., 119, 154,
204, 205, 211, 419, 420
Pinault, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Pinawa, Pinawac r., 27, 31, 32, 33
Pincourt for Pain Court, i. e., St.
Louis, Mo., occurs in Masson,
I-. P- 273
Pine cr., br.  of Assiniboine  r.,
Pine cr., br. of Bow r., 704
Pine cr., br. of Sask. r., 484
Pine cr., br. of White Mud r., 1
Pine fort, on Assiniboine r., 50,
268, 296, 592, 776, 837
Pine Island fort, on N. Sask. r.,
503
Pine isl., large area on Sask. r.,
B    475. 476
Pine isl., small, on Sask. r., 469
Pine isls., Rainy River route, 14
Pine 1., near La Plante's r., 549
Pine 1., on Red r., in Minn., 146
Pine Portage 1., 217
Pine r., br, of Assiniboine r., 296
Pine r., br. of Peace r., 510
Pine r., br. of Peace r., another,
510, 512
Pine r., br. of Rainy r., 22
Pine r., feeder of Roseau!., 69
Pinnawas r,
pinnipeds
Pipestone
857
Pipestone
Piquaquoite, , voy" N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804
Piquet, J., trader at Lake Patcha-
techamban, 1784-85, see next
Piquet,   Joseph,  came  to  Sault
Ste. Marie, 1788
Piroquelon, 837
Pisaunegawpe, 218
Pishawbey, 274, 275, see Peshauba
Pisscows r., 783
Pittsburgh, N. Dak., 90
Pittsburg, Pa., 289, 591
Pivain, Pivian, , 553, 582
Placotte lakes, 81, 415
placottes, 81
Plain Inds., 687
Plain
p.,   290,
Plante,    , 268, see  also  La-
plante
Plante, Alexis, 268
Plante, Antoine, 268
Plante, Charles, 268
Plante, Joseph, 268, 277, 443
Plante, Joseph, another, 268
Plante, Louis, 268
Plante, Louis Auguste, 268
Plante, Pierre, 268
Plante's r., 589
Plats C&tes des Chiens, is French
name of the Dog Rib Inds.
Platte r., 384, 843, 882, 884, 886
Plumb r., br. of Mouse r., 302, 305,
4i5
Plumb r., br. of Pembina r., 420
Plumb, Plum r., br.  of Red r.,
67, 68, 117, 231, 285, 447
Plum cr.  or r., br. of Mouse r.,
305, 306
plus, standard of value, 2
Poak, Paul, 868
pocomagan, 790
Pocquin, Louis, 868
pbgamoggan, poggamoggon,  790
Pogonowisebe r., 21
Point, see names of Points not in
following list
Point Adams, 751, 755, 756,  764,
780, 889, 909
 Point de Sable, 36, 37
Pointe a la Framboise, 12
Canot Casse, 459
Sable, 16
Sable, Winnipeg r., 264
s ChSnes, 795
Gravois,   '
i Ragor
, Rayor
Pointe de Lievre, 466
Pointe de Meuron, 220
Pointe de Sable, 17
Pointe des Bois portages, 30, 31
Pointed Heart Inds., 672, 709, 711
Pointe du Grand Marais, 458
Pointe du'Lac, Que., 443
Pointe du Mai, 218
Pointe Fortune, 40
Pointe Maligne, 456
Pointe Maligne, another, 459
Point   Fortune,    Vaudreuil  co.,
Que., 202
Point George, 749, 755, 756, 770,
779, 842
Point Greenville, 864
Point Maymagwaysee, 456
Point Metass6, 36
Point Missineo, 460
Point of Sand, 36
Point of the Detour, 461
Point of Woods p., 15
Point Open-slope, 754
Point Samuel, 833
Point Turn Again, 458
Point Vancouver, 798, 830
poires,   poiriers,   405;   found   as
paires and misasquitominuck
in Harmon
Poirier, Augustin, voy. N. W. Co.,
English r., 1804
poisoned arrows, 808
Poisson, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
_ Nepigon, 1804
Poitra, Poitras, ,301.   Two of
this name, father and son, N.
W. Co., Assiniboine r., were
pillaged by   Selkirk   agents,
spring of 1814
Poitras, Andn§, 301
Poitvin, Andr6, N. W. Co., Upper
Red r., 1799, may be same as
the last
Polk co., Minn., 127,128, 129, 141,
151
Pollock,  Duncan, senior clerk of
Gregory,   McLeod and   Co.,
Grand Portage,  1785; sent to
Polygonum aviculare, 667
. Polynesian, 756
Pominville, jean Baptiste, N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1799
Pomme de raquette, 321
Pompadour, 35
Pond fort, old, 511
Pond, Peter, 80, 176, 269, 511
Pond's old ho., 511, 581
Ponis, 78, see Pawnees
Ponokasta., Alb., 636
Pontbriand, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Pontbriand, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Le Pic, 1804
Pooh Bahl., 217
Pope's ldg., 673
poplar, 49
Poplar fort, 292
Poplar Point sta., Man., 290
population in 1805, 282
Populus balsamifera, 49, 244
Populus monilifera, 49
Populus tremuloides, 49, 131, 292
porcupine-grass, 115
Porcupine hill or mt., 299, 300
porcupines, 682
Porcupine Tail, an Ind., 429
Pork Eaters, 248
Porlier, Jacques, b. Montreal 1765;
lieutenant of militia 1791;
went to Baie Verte, Wis.,
that year or 1797; two years
there in service of Pierre Grignon; became free trader on
Miss, and Wis. r. Married
in 1793 Marguerite Gresie,
French - Menomonee half-
breed of the St. Croix; wintered with Robert Dickson on
Miss. r. at the Thousand isls.,
below Sauk Rapids; met by
Pike in 1805-06 about Falls of
St. Anthony; took part in
war of 1812; justice of the
peace and captain of militia
at Baie Verte 1815; judge of
Brown co., Wis.; died Baie
Verte July 12th, 1839, and his
wife five years afterward; left
several children, some living
in 1878
Porlier, Jean Jacques, eldest son
of Jacques Porlier, about 18
years old in 1814; lived at Baie
Verte; had a large family;'
died Grand Kaukaulin 1838
Porlier, Louis B., brother of the
 11 above; lived at Butte des
- Morts; married a dau. of Augustin Grignon
porpoises, 821
Portage, see also names of portages not in following list
Portage a la Loche, 581
Portage a l'Eau Froide, 218
Portage aux Outardes, 9
Portage cr., at Portage la Prairie,
Portage de Chien, see Dog p.;
said by Sir Geo. Simpson to
have been named from the
Indian tradition to the effect
that two monstrous dogs lay
down to sleep on top of the
hill and left the mark of their
figures on the turf
Portage de la Croix, 17
Portage de l'Agac6, 32
Portage de la Pointe des Bois, 15
Portage de la Riviere Blanche,
3i, 32
Portage de la Terre Blanche, 27,
34
Portage, de la Terre Jaune, 27
Portage de l'lsle ho._, 28
Portage de l'lsle, Winnipeg r., 28,
30, 31, 224, 505
Portage de Rideau, 16
Portage des Bois Blancs, 14, 15
Portage des Carpes, 14
Portage des Chenes. Kam. route,
219
Portage des Chenes (Umfreville)
505
Portage des Chines, Winnipeg r.,
34
5 Por-
Portage des Chiens
tage de Chien
Portage des Eaux mouvantes, 34
Portage des Frangais, 247
Portage des Grandes  Eaux  qui
s Grands Pins, 15
Portage des Gros Pins, 12
Portage des Noyes, 80
Portage des Perches, 11
Portage des Trembles, 505
Portage de Traite, 472, "or, as it
is called by the Indians, Ath-
iquisipichigan   Ouinigam,   or
the Portage of  the Stretched
Frog-Skin,   .   .   . received its
 c from Mr. Joseph Frob-
this part
of the
country from
'.X. 999
Canada, as early as the years
1774 and 1775, where he met
with the Indians in the spring,
on their way to Churchill, according to annual custom,
with their canoes full of valuable furs. They traded with
him for as many of them as
his canoes could carry, and in
consequence of this transaction the portage received and
has since retained its present
appellation. He also denominated these waters the English River. The Missinipi is
the name it received from the
Knisteneaux, when they first
came to this country, and
either destroyed or drove back
the natives, whom they held
in great contempt, on many
accounts, but particularly for
their ignorance in hunting the
beaver, as well as in preparing, stretching, and drying
the skins of those animals.
And as a sign of their derision, they stretched the skin
of a frog, and hung it up at
the portage."—McKenzie, p.
Portage du Bonnet, 33
Portage du Cantara, 32
Portage du Hauteur des Terres, 11
Portage du Lac des Bois, 25, 26
Portage du Perdrix, 8
Portage du Rat, 26
Portage Ecarte, 218
Portage Frangais, 217
Portage la Croche, 15, 16
Portage 1., 146
Portage la Loche, see Portage a
la Loche
Portage la Prairie, 1, 2, 4,' 45, 46,
55, 56, 76, 132, 155, 156, 158,
161,169, 172, 174, 175, 176,180,
183, 184, 188,189, 191, 193,197,
200, 203, 207, 208, 209, 211, 212,
215, 224, 225, 232, 235, 236, 238,
239, 244, 245, 246, 247,249, 250,
252, 258, 259,265, 267, 269, 274,
276, 278, 281, 285, 286, 290, 291,
292, 295, 313, 417,421, 422, 423,
424, 510, 778
Portage la Roche, 13
Portage of the Big Pines, 12
Portage Paresseux, 218
Portage r., br. of Columbia r., 693
 Portages de la Croix, 16
Portages des Bois Blancs, 14
. Portages des Cerises, 9
Portages du Rocher du Bonnet
d'en haut, 33
Portages Neufs, several, 10, 18
Portage track, old, 566
Port Arthur, 218
Porter, Capt., 848
Porter, Commodore, 913
Porter, James, 481
Portland, N. Dak., 142
Portland, Ore., 810
Portsmouth, Eng., 762, 896
Poscoiac r., 462
Poscopsahe, 323, 324
Poskoiac, Poskoyac r., 462, 465
Pothier,  Toussaint,  N.  W.   Co.;
the
of  :
member of Legislative Council, 1823-38; seigneur du
fief Lagauchetiere ; d. Montreal, very old
Potties, 223, see X. Y. Co.
Poudrier,  , starved to death
under W. F. Wentzel, fort at
Forks of McKenzie r., winter
Poule d'Eau, 53, 209
Pouliot,    Potdiotte,    Poulivette,
Poultiatte, Nicolas, 51, 52, 77,
182, 226, 227
Poundmaker res., 499
pounds for buffalo, 518, 519, 520,
576, 577
Pourtlance, see Roy, Joseph
Powawassan res., 23
Powell, Maj. J. W, 550, 709
powmagan, 790
Prairie, a camp on Pigeon r., 8
Prairie a Fauneer, Fournier, 289
Prairie cr., 640, 670
Prairie de la Tete de Bceuf, 166,
419
Prairie du Chien, 50, 257
Prairie du Lac de Vire, 564
Prairie en Longue, 203, 259, 267,
281
prairie fires, 158
Prairie 1., 208
Prairie la Paille, 300
Prairie p., 290, 291, see Portage
la Prairie
Prairie p., Kam. route, 218, 219
Prairie r., Rainy River route, 13
prele, 667, 752, 859
President of the U. S., 25, 79
Presqu' Isle, 451
Preveau, Prevost, Jean Baptiste,
868, 869
Pricket, Richard,  interp.   N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
prickly ash, 139
prickly-pear, 321
Priest r., 673
Priest's rap., 783
Primault, , interp. N. W. Co.,
at Alexandria under Harmon,
Oct., 1802 ; probably same as
PrimeaU, Joseph, interp. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Primeau, Joseph, bis, voy. N. W.
Co., Fort des Prairies, 1804
Prince, , 618, 620
Prince Albert, Sask., 487, 488
Prince Arthur's ldg., 220
Pritchard, John, clerk N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804 ; had charge of
the Mouse River post when it
was attacked and pillaged by
John Spencer, acting as sheriff
under orders of Miles McDonnell, June, 1814 ; soon
afterward entered Lord Selkirk's service. Mr. Pritchard
took the place of one Falcon,
who d. at the Mouse River
fort, winter of 1807-08
Procyon hernandezi, 817
Prohibition Act, 663
Prospect cr., 674
Provengal, Louis, Minnesota pioneer in the fur trade 1800 and
later, Sioux Traverse; d. at
Mendota, 1855 ; a son of his
was killed by Sioux at Coteau
de Prairie
Provencher district, Man , 40, 63,
69
Provost, Paul, 869
pruce, 688
Prudelle, see Trudelle
Pruden, Prudent, Mr., 490, 561
Pruden's bay, 40
Pruneau, Prunoe, Baptiste, 633,
655, 661
Prunus emarginata, 816
Prunus pumila, 40
prush, prusse, 688
"       " 1, 900
Pryon,  N., 914
Pse r.,  br. of Red 1
., Nathaniel
143
Pse r., br. of Redr. in N. Dak., 147
 INDEX.                                           IOO I
Pseudogryphus californianus, 808,
817
Psoralea esculenta, 183
Quesnel, Frederic Auguste, (
Quesnel, Joseph, 611
Quesnel, Jules Maurice, 219,
266,
Psihur., 147
611, 705, 784, 898
ptarmigan, 687
Pteris aquilina, 816
Quicksand r., 797, 798
Quinaielt, Quinaiult, 864
Puljbekwawwaunggaw     Saugie-
Quiniss, 54, 160, 212, 213
gun, " the Lake of the Sand
Hills," occurs for Lake of the
Quinney cr., 562
quinquelingual vocabulary,
534,
Woods   in  Tanner's   Narr.,
535, 536, 537
p. 48
'Public Library of Toronto, 748
Quintal, Antoine, voy. N. W.
Co.,
English r., 1804
Pucketona-sipi, 488
Quintal, Joseph, voy. N. W
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Co.,
Pudding cr. or r., 812, 813, 819
Pudding River Kalap.ooians, 812
Quiscatina Sepy, or  River
the High Banks, so in
with •
Puget's isl., 833, 834
Mc-
Puget's sound, 839
Kenzie for a br. of Peace r.
Pukketowoggan brook, 488, 489
from the E.
pukkwi, 448
Punch Bowl 1., 642
R
Punk isl., 453, 454
Purie,  , 205, see Pierre and
Rabaska, see Athabasca
St. Pierre
Rabbit Assiniboines, 522
Puskeeahkeehewinres., 548, 560
Rabbit cr., 488
Rabbit hill, 634
Q
Rabbit pt, 466
Rabbit r., 146
Quagmire Hall, 740
rabbits, 559
quaittes, 341
raccoons, 157, 817
1     quaking ash or asp, 49, 292
Raccoon, ship, 279, 757, 758
76i,
Qu'Appelle fort, 49
762,  763, 765,  766,  767,
769,
Qu'Appelle, Long Lake, and Sask.
770,  772,  773,  774,  775.
779.
br. of C. P. Ry.,487
780,  847,  848,  865,  889,
893,
Qu'Appelle r., 4, 47, 174, 202, 279,
895,  901,  902,  909
298, 299, 301, 428, 470,   522,
Racette, , Canadian freeman,
616,  778
Grand rap. of Sask. r., 1
3i7
quart de loge, 572
Quartier, , N. W. Co., on the
Racicot, , N. W. Co., Lac au
Flambeau,     1804,    probably
Sask. r. in June, 1800
Quartier, Frangois, and Quartier,
Racicot, Jacques, voy. N. W
Torch 1., 1804
Co.,
Joseph,   both named by  D.
Thompson on his Red Deer
Racine, Michel, voy. N. W
Co.,
Lake journey in Sept., 1798
Nepigon, 1804
Quathlapotle isl., 821
Radisson, , 8, 37
Quebec, 98, 216, 278, 289, 303, 311,
Rafinesque, C. S., 445, 614
505, 897, see Chouinard
Raft 1., 290
Queenhithe, 864, 865, 866
Rainville, Joachim, 50, 182,
Queniult, 864
pare Daisville and Donville
Quercus garryana, 616
Rainville, Joseph, 51, 188, 249
Quercus macrocarpa, 49
Kamyl., 14, 17, 10, 19, 20, 2
1, 5i.
Queret, Pierre, in the fur trade ;
161,  166, 188,  203,  207,
248,
served in arms with C.   M.
303.  556, 611, 626, 750,
767,
Langlade  and   R.   Dickson,
867, 872,  873,  884,  898
1812;   at  Prairie  du Chien,
Rainy Lake City, 20
Green bay,  etc., about  this
Rainy Lake ho., 20, 80, 225
,277,
time ; returned to Canada and
508, 608, 752, 895, 897
Rainy Lake r., 18, 20, 21
Quesnel, Aimable, 868,904
Rainy Lake route, 457
 I0O2 INI
Rainy.r., 8, ii, 12, 18, 20, 21, 22,
23, 26, 217, 439, 778
Rainy River ho., 439, 440
Rainy River route, 6
Rainy River system, 38
Ram r., 705, see Kootenay r.
Ram r., br. of N. Sask. r., 678
Ramsay, , old, 768
Ramsay, Jack, 768
Ramsey co., N. Dak., 144
Randall, Magnus, H. B. Co., in
charge of Musquawegun ho.,
winter of 1804-05
Rand-McNally map, 21
Rangifer caribou, 9, 285
Rangifer tarandus, 285
Ransom co., N. Dak., 144
Raphael, Jacques,clerk N. W. Co.,
Upper Fort des Prairies and
Rocky Mt. dept., 1799-1804
Rapid City, Man., 305
Rapid cr., 552
Rapide Croche, 586
Rapid Inds., 277, 484, 530,733, see
Fall Inds. of the Sask. and
Atsinas. They are called
Pawistick Ienewuck by Harmon, p. 79
Rapid r., br. of Assiniboine r., 305
Rapid r., br. of Bow r., 705
Rapid r., br. of Columbia r., 606
Rapid r., br. of Rainy r., 21
Rapid r., Lake of the Woods, 22
Rapid r., Missinipi system, 187,
222, 782
Rapid River, Ont., 22
raspberry bushes, 840
Raspberry cr., 498
Raspberry pt., 12
Rat cr., br. of White Mud r., 1
Ratisbon, 558
Rat p., 22, 23, 26, 27
Rat Portage, Ont., 26
Rat r., 199, 268, 280, 282, 303, 439,
442, 472, 473, 630,661, 870, 871,
873
Rat r., br. of Peace r., 510
Rat r., br. of Red r., 58,60, 61, 80,
183, 212, 236, 238, 252, 421, 447
Rat r., br. of Winnipeg r., through
Bonnet 1., 33
Rat River country, 50, 473, 569,
630
Rat Root 1., 18
Rat's Liver, a chf., 229
Rattlesnake, a chf., 368, 387, 399
Raume, Simon, 164, see Reaume
Raven, an Ind., 54
r.,618
Raymond,' Baptiste, voy.  N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Raymond, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Raymond, Simon, 164, see Reaume
Read, John, of Astoria, 886, see
Reed, John
Reale, , 274, 557
Reaudet r., 22
Reaume, , 164
Reaume, Charles, 164
Reaume, J., 164
Reaume, Joseph, 164, 199
Reaume, Mr. or Mons., unidenti-
Reat
164
r.. 504, 505
Red Berry hills, 492, 548
Red Berry 1., 492, 592
Redberrypt, 690
Redburn sta., Man., 290
Red Cedar 1., 150
Red Clay cr., 563
Red Deer brook, 573
Red Deer forks, 500, 619
Red Deer Hill brook orr..
Red Deer hills, 504, 620, 627
Red Deer isl., 37, 38, 39
Red Deer 1., 561, 573, 574, 602
Red Deer Lake ho., 164, 574
Red Deer 1., trib. to Red Deer r.,
br. of Bow r., 636
red deer of Europe, 2
Red Deer rap., 42
Red Deer r., br. of Athabasca r.,
280, 574
Red Deer r., br. of Bow r., 462,
500, 528, 590, 618, 637, 670, 675,
702, 703, 704
Red Deer r., br. of Sask. r., 216,
279.504
Red Deer r., trib. to L. Winnipegoosis, 213, 215, 299, 458, 466,
Red Deer River watershed, 639
Red Deer sta., Alb., 618
Red Eagle, a chf., 574, 593
Red Earth cr., 563
red fox, 108
Red Hood, a chf., 54
Red 1., 54, 101, 126, 127, 128, 129,
130, 135. 137, 152, 161,164,166,
173.175.180,186,195, 199, 204,
205, 212, 214, 228, 233, 238, 240,
244, 275, 427, 438
Red Lake country or dept., 52,
240, 256, 268, 279, 557, 598, 862
 Red Lake Inds., 125, 135, 155,159,
160, 170, 192, 275
Red [Lake?! Inds., 20
Red Lake Ojibways, 196
Red Lake p., 152
Red Lake res., 69, 127
Red Lake r., 126,127,128,129,181,
283, 610
Red Patch hill, 755
Red Pheasant res., 498
Red Pine isl., 20
Redr., 1, 3, 7, 35, 39,40, 41,,
44, 45, 47.48, 49. 52, 55. 56, 60,
01, 63, 68, 69, 70, 71, 76, 79, 80,
81, 82, 83, 84,89, 90, 91, 92, 93,
95. 96.97.98, 99. 103, 115, 116,
117, 118, 120, 121, 126, 127,128,
129, 130, 134, 137,138,139, 140,
141, 142, 143. 144.145. 146,147.
148, 149, 150, 153, 154,157, 168,
181,185, 187, 188, 189, 191, 195,
231. 238, 239, 240, 245, 252, 256,
264, 265, 267,275, 280, 282, 286,
300, 303,343. 346, 355. 383. 420,
425,426,427, 431, 433,434, 437,
438, 441, 442.444. 448,450,452,
557. 612, and see Red River
of the North
I   Red River Assiniboines, 522
S^Red River basin, 82
Red River brigade, 6
Red River colony, 40
Red River country, dept, region,
82, 279, 426,   427,   448,   874,
898
Red River Inds., 295
Red River of the North, 25, 37,
38, 40, 45. 146, 473.  516, 761,
778, 897, and see Red r.
Red River settlement, 749
Red Rock rap., '464
Red Stone p., 26
Red Sucker Inds., 54, 57, 61, 71,
74. 75. 76
Red Tail, a chf., 335
Red Water cr., 565, 611,632, 744
red-willow, 496
Reedgrass r., 69, 70
Reed, John, at Astoria, 667, 760,
761, 784, 844, 873, 883, 885, 886,
887
Reed,   John,  bis, at  Sault  Ste.
Marie Sept. 13th, 1797
Reedl., 10
Reedl., another, 268, 269
Reed 1., another, 70, 439
Reed Lake ho., 873
Reed r., br. of Red r., 49, 69, 70,
1003
96, 116, 134, 153, 156, 166, 169,
„    173, 175. 178, 182, 196
Reed r., feeder of Lake of the
Woods, 23
Reed's r., in Idaho, 761
Reef of Rocks, 456
Regina, Assin., 487
Regner, Jacob, 885
Regnie, Regnier, Baptiste,   704,
705
Regnier, Jacob, 885
R6helle, Reihl, Reilhe, , 555,
557, compare Rheil
reindeer, 9, 285
Reindeer isl., 459
Reindeer 1., 782
Reinhard, Charles de, 98
Reinville, , 51
Relle, , 557
Remy, Hy., voy. N. W. Co., Lake
Winnipeg, 1804
Renau,  ,  voy.  N.   W.   Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Renville, , 51, 627
Renville co., N. Dak., 311, 313
Report of Canad. Arch., 35
Resner, Jacob, 885
Returns of Lower Red River dept.,
184,  199,
282
, 245,
259,  281,
Returns of McKenzie River dept.,
283
Rey, In., N. W. Co., Kam.,   1804
Rezner, Jacob, 885
Rheaume, , 164, see Reaume
Rheaume, Joseph, 164
Rhodes, Mr.
Riband 1., 81
Rib-bone, Rib Bone lakes, 81,119,
Ribbon 1., 81
Ribstone cr., 499, 500
Ricard,  Louis,  voy.   N. W.   Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Richard, Frangois, jun., voy. N.
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Richard, Frangois, sen., voy. N.
W. Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Richard,  Frangois,   voy.  N.   W.
Upper Redr., 1804
Richards, , 561
Richardson, John, 255, 256
Richette, , N. W. Co., Rocky
Mt. ho., Nov., 1806, left on a
 Ill
JO04 IND
tour in the mts. with Finan
McDonald, Feb. gth, 1807
Richland co., N. Dak., 144, 147
Richotte, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Rideau p., 15, 16
Ridge r., 472
Riding mts., 1, 207, 305
Riedo p., 16, see Rideau p.
Riel, Jean Baptiste, b. Berthier
en haut, married a metisse
Franco-Montagnaise; these
were parents of Louis Riel,
sen., b. at Isle a la Crosse
e 7th, 1817, d. at St. Boni-
' 1864, father
jun., who led
of 1869-70
Rigaud, 40
Rigaud cemetery, 202
Rio Janeiro, 279, 762
Riquerin, Joseph, dit Laverdure,
Rivard, Jean Baptiste, voy. c.-m.
N. W. Co., English r., 1804
Rivard, Jos., N. W. Co., with D.
Thompson on Musquawegun
1. Jan. 5th,   1805, to replace
race jui
of Louis Rie
eLal
3, besides
River, see m
the following
River of Clumps of Trees, 63
River of the Dead, 41
River of'the Four Posts, 624
River of Thieves, 130
River of Turtles, 8
River that Calls, 300
River that Turns, 300
Rivertown, Man., 451
Rivet, , interp. N. W. Co., on
the Columbia in 1815
Rivet, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Nepigon, 1804
Rivet, Pierre, voy. N. W.  Co.,
Fond du Lac, 1804
Riviej
s of 1
sides the following
Riviere a Bois d'Arc, 485
Riviere a Coquille, 47
Riviere a Fumee, 564
Riviere a la Biche, 618, see
Riviere k la Biche, 618, s
Deer r., br. of Bow r.
Riviere a la Biche, 458, s
, trib. 1
Riviere a la Folle Avoine, 143
Riviere a l'Aile du Corbeau, 149,
150, 274   .
Riviere a la Terre Blanche, 563*
586
Riviere a la Tete du Brochet, 456
Riviere a l'Eau Claire,  128,  130,
429, 431,  see Clearwater r.j
br. of Red r.
Riviere a l'Eau Claire, 640, 641,
702, see Clearwater r., br. of
N. Sask. r.
Riviere au Brochet, 501
Riviere au Calumet, 635, 638, 644
Riviere au Lac de Vire, de Vivres,
564. 570
Riviere au Pas, 469, 470
Riviere au Saule, 301
Riviere au Tourt, 8
Riviere aux Anglais, see English r.
Riviere aux Bceufs, 147
Buttes de Sable, 141,
.. -X IJpinettes, 296, 313
aux Gratias, 63, 66, 116,
,  188,  191,  192,  193,   195,
,  212,  213, 236,  238,   286,
,  420,  430,  447,  459
aux Groseilles, 8
aux Islets, Islettes, Hots
Riviere aux Liards, 189, 232, 235
Riviere aux Marais, br. of Red r.,
69, 117, 159, 192, 212, 266, 285,
447
Riviere aux Marais, Minn., 126,
128, 143, 229, 233, 234, 235,
239, 240
Riviere aux Marais, Minn., another, 150
Riviere aux Morts, 41, 42, 225,
236, 240, 242, 424
Riviere aux Oiseaux Puants, 147
Riviere aux Outardes, 141
Riviere aux Pares, br. of N. Sask.
Riviere aux Pares, br. of Red r.,
89, 193
Riviere aux Pas, 462
Riviere aux Rapides, br. of Assiniboine r., 305
Riviere aux Rapides, br. of Missinipi r., 187
Riviere aux Rats is among unusual
names of Athabasca r.
Riviere aux Roseaux, 69
 Riviere aux Saules, 310, 311, 411
Riviere aux Schaitake, 148, 149 ;
the Indian name means pelican, and is found in many
forms, one of which is Cha-
tique
I Riviese aux Tourtres, 8
I Riviere aux Vauteurs, 153
I Rivi&re aux Voleurs, 129, 155
I Riviere Blanche, 27, 32
Riviere Bourbeuse, 320, 405, 406
Rivi&re Bourbon, 465
Riviere d'Arc, 485
Riviere de l'Aile du Corbeau, 427
I Riviere de la Jolie Prairie, 702, 703
Riviere de la Loge de Medecine,
638
Riviere de la Montagne d'Aigle,
497. 499
Riviere des Cate, sic, 562, 586
Riviere des Chiens, 247
Riviere des Lacs, 313, 315
Riviere des Quatre Poteaux, 624,
632
Riviere des Schians, 147
Riviere des Selles, 586
Riviere des Tourtres, 8
Riviere du Lac la Pluie, 19
Riviere du Lac Rouge, 127, 128,
136, 139, 151. 232
Riviere du Meurleton, 685, 697
Riviere du Milieu, br. of Assiniboine r., 4, 294, 421,422
Riviere du Milieu, br. of N. Sask.
r., 560, 602
Riviere du Pare in Franchere, p.
248, is a name of the Sask. r.
Riviere du Pas, 461, 462, 470
Riviere du Port, 702
Riviere Grande Quete, 707
Riviere la Biche, br. of Bow r.,
618, 638
Riviere la Coquille, 80
Riviere la Croix, 17
Riviere la Sale, 48, 55, 71, 183,
185, 238
Riviere la Seine, 43
Riviere la Souris, 4, 167, 193, 208,
253, 258, 270, 286, 291, 292,
296, 297, 298, 305, 308, 310,
311, 313, 315, 319, 329, 334,
346, 405, 406, 408, 411, 414,
415, 417,522, and see Mouse r.
Riviere l'Eau Clair, br. of Red
Lake r., 141
Riviere l'Eau Clair ho., 640
Riviere L'Oisseur, sic, 33, see
Bird r.
ex. 1005
.Riviere Maligne, 17, 217
Riviere Maligne, another, 278, 473,
see Sturgeon Weir r.
Riviere Maurepas, 27
Riviere, M. de la, 35
Riviere Noir, 20
Riviere Oiseau, 33
Riviere Ple\ 310, 3"
Riviere  Qu'Appelle,   4, 48, 299,
300, 616
Riviere qui D6boule, 42, 252
Rivi&re Roseau, sic, 33, see Bird r.
Riviere Rouge, 45
Riviere St. Charles, 45
Riviere St. Louis, 484
Riviere St. Peter, of Verendrye;
305
Riv
Riviere Sanglante, 45
Riviere Terre Blanche, 1, 449
Riviere   Terre   Blanche,  trib. to
Lake Winnipeg, 250 (see 452),
45i
Riviere Tremblante, 47
Riviere Voleuse, 129, 135, 136
Rizner, Jacob, 883, 885, 887
Road of the Flat Heads, 672, 673
Robbins, Minn., 90
Robe Noire, 53
Roberge, , 606, 610, 630
Robert, Frangois, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Robertiere, , 561
Roberts, , Sioux trader on St.
Croix r., 1788
Robertson, Colin, 44, 187, 767,
clerk N. W. Co., English r.,
1804; misbehaved, and was
discharged by John McDonald of Garth; in service of
Lord Selkirk in 1815 ; headed
the party which captured
Fort Gibraltar Mar. 17th,
1816 ; was later taken prisoner
to Fort Chipewyan by Samuel
Black and Simon McGillivray .
Robidou, Joseph, b. St. Louis,
Mo., Aug. 2d, 1783, founder
of St. Joseph, Mo., d. there
May 27th, 1868. His first voyage up the Missouri was in
1799; founded Robidou's trad- '
ing ho. at foot of Black Snake
hills, ca. 1803, and was still
there in 1833. Robidou or
Robidoux fork of Gasconade
 ioo6 INI
r. was named for him. He
had two brothers, Jules and
Antoine. (Jules d. St. Joseph
Feb. 26th, 1875; Antoine, b.
St. Louis Aug. 29th, 1794, d.
St. Joseph Apr. 29th, 1869, is
the Robidou so much heard
of in the West, on the Yellowstone, in New Mexico, California, etc.; he was with General S. W. Kearny in 1846.)
He was twice married: (1)
To Eugenie Delisle, 1808, by
whom he had a son Josepn
2d, living in 1878. (2) To
Angelique Vaudry, in 1812,
by whom he had 7 children,
among them a son Edouard.
Biogr. in Tass6, II. 1878, pp.
119-129, portrait
Robidoux,  Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Robillard,   J.   B.,   212,   583, see
Lambert
~ jbillard, J  ~
Robillard, I
Robilliard, , 583
Robilliard, Peter, 583
robins, 816, 835
Robinson, Edward, 885, 887
Robinson, Mr., was at Fort Vermilion on the Sask. r. in July,
1808
Rocheblave, Mrs. Pierre de, 214
Rocheblave, Philippe de, 214
Rocheblave, Pierre de, 214,255,784
Rocher Brul6, 31
Rocher de Miette, 641
Rocher de Saginaga, 12, 13
Rocher des Couteaux p., 13
Rocher du Bonnet p., 33
Rocher du Lac Croche, 15
Rocher du Lac du Bonnet p., 33
Roche Rouge rap., 464
Rocher Rouge p., 22, 26
Rochon, Auguste, voy. N. W. Co.,
Ratr., 1804
Rock in Arrows, 15
Rock isl., 883
Rockl., 81
Rocky Assiniboines, 523
Rocky Mountain canoes, 759
Rocky Mountain  dept., 216, 222,
280, 508
Rocky Mountain goat, 757
Rocky Mountain ho., Athabasca
r.,  one or another, 279, 280,
640, 641, 642, 761, 784
Rocky Mountain ho., McKenzie's
Rocky  Mountain ho.,  Peace r.,
Rocky Mountain ho., Sask. r., 219,
237, 240, 266, 269, 278, 279,
292, 439, 443, 481, 507, 538,
547.   553. 554. 555. 556, 561,
576,   582, 594, 607, 611, 612,
613,  627, 629, 630, 631, 633,
636,  640, 641, 643, 648, 650,
659,  668, 700, 701, 703, 704,
705, 718, 721, 725. 738, 739,
740,   745, 776, 871
Rocky Mountain Inds., 354, 361,
398, 403
Rocky Mountain locust, 39, 430
Rocky Mountain   pine, 640, 688,
Rocky Mountain portages, several,
569, 607,  782,   784,   898,   see
Continental and Great Divide
Rocky Mountain ram, 383
Rocky mts., 25, 38,  51,  80
219, 237, 266, 269, 277,
292,  298, 301, 398,  399,
442, 443, 459, 462, 469,
478,  479.  484.  489,   509,
524,   525,   528,   532,   533,
547,  550,   556,   566,   578,
586,  588,   591,   592,   596,
609,  610,  611,  612,  614,
624,  628,  637,  638,  639,
648,  660,  661,  662,  675,
681,  701,  702,  703,  704,
706, 711,   723,   733,   737,
745,  759,  776,   782,
819,  842,  859,  871,
898,  899
Rocky p., 31
Rocky rap., 740
Rocque,  ,  547,   555, 557, 559.
^     587. 59t 593. 594. 620
Rocque, A., 52, see Larocque
Rocque, Joseph, 52, see Larocque
Rocque, Pascal, 52, 557, see Larocque
roe-deer, 614
Roger, Frangois, 77
Roger, Frangois, sen., 51
Rogers,    ,  H.   B.   Co., killed
with Gov. Semple and others,
near Fort Douglas, June 19th,
Roi,  ■,  186, see Le Roy and
Roy
Roille, , 274
Roi, Mr., trader from St. Louis,
 Mo., found by the returning
overland Astorians at Otoe >
vill. on Platte r., Apr., 1813
Rolette, Jean Joseph ist, Canada,
about 1750, had then two sons
and a daughter ; for eldest son
see next
Rolette, Jean Joseph 2d, went
West while young, and at 30
years of age married Ange-
lique Lortie ; they had Jean
Joseph 3d, Charles FrecLeric,
Hippolyte, Laurent, and three
daughter's ; he settled at Nicollet, Wis., about 1799-1800,
and d. Mar. 19th, 1828
Rolette, Jean Joseph 3d, commonly called only Joseph, b.
Quebec Sept. 23d, 1781 ; was
in trade at Montreal with
Dominique Lacroix from Oct.,
1803 to Apr., 1805 ; was at
Prairie du Chien in Apr.,
1806, when met by Z. M.
Pike; married, May, 1807,
Marguerite, dau. of Antoine
Dubois, aged 14 ; took part in
• capture of Michilimackinac,
1812; d. Prarie du Chien Dec.
ist, 1842
Rolling r., 299
Roman Catholic Church or Mission, 492, 565, 574
Romance race, 465
Rondeau, Charles, on Willamette
r„ 1836
Rondeau, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Rooptahee, 323, 329
Root r., 470
Roque, A., 52, see Larocque
Roque, Mr., 616, see Rocque,	
Rosal., 10
Roseau 1., in Minn., 69
Roseau 1., on Rainy River route,
Roseau r., 69, 70, 182
Rosebud Eater, an Ind., 623
Rosebud r., 618
Rose, Edward, a notorious vagabond who had lived among
the Crows when picked up at
Arikara village on the Missouri by the overland Astorians and engaged as interp.
in July, 1811
Rose 1. and p., 10
Ross,   Alexander,  555,  557,   748,
EX. 1007
749.   750,   757,   758.   760,   761,
763.   769.   771,   777,   783.   787.
788,  790,  791.  794.   796.   798,
809,  812,  814,   821,   833,   837,
845,  847,  860,  872,   875,   885,
886,  887
Rosseau r., 69, see Roseau r.
Rossignol, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
Rossignol,   Joseph,  voy. N. W.
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
Ross, John, of 1785, 269'
Ross, Mr., at Nepoin in 1794, 481
Ross, Mr., at Hungry Hall, 477
Ross, Mr.  Malcolm,  H.  B.  Co.;
compare last
Rostoul, Michel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Red Lake dept, 1804
Roulette,   Jean  Joseph,   50, see
Rolette 3d
Roundish 1., 611
Round 1., 146
Round 1., trib. to Sturgeon r., 565
Round plain, 679
Round Turn on Sask. r., 471
Roussel,   Auguste  or  Augustin,
825, 840, 868, 888, 903, 906, 910
Roussei, Rousselle, Benjamin, 825,
873. 875
Roussil,Auguste, 825, see Roussel
Roussin,   Andr6,   dit  Bellefleur,
voy.   N. W. Co., Athabasca,
1804
Roussin, Eustache, clerk and interp. N. W. Co., Fond du Lac,
1799-1804.
Roussin, Nicolas, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Routiner,   Etienne,   voy. N. W.
Co., Red Lake dept, 1804
Rovel., 10
Rowan, see Rowand
. Rowand, Dr., of Montreal, 602
Rowand, Dr., of Quebec, 603
Rowand, John, 602, 603, 609, 611,
615, 617, 619, 620, 627,   631,
632, 633, 662, 666, 667,   670,
675. 74t  742
Rowland, Mr., Fort  Pitt,   1859,
had been 40 years in the H.
B. Co.
Roy,  ,   various  unidentified
persons, 127, 137, 187
Royal, Man., 58
Roy, Aimable, 187, 190
Roy, Augustin, 187
Roy, Baptiste, one or two persons,
187
 ioo8
Roy, Etienne, 51, 77, 187
Roy, Frangois, 187,199
Roy, Jean, 187
n, 505 (UmfreviUe's ma
.n Baptiste, 187
ji Baptiste Louis, 187
seph, of Baie Verte, 17:
Roy, let
Roy, Je*
r.Je*
Saddle mt., 755
Saddler., 586
Saganaga 1., falls, and rock, 1
Roy,™
Roy, Jos
187
Roy, Joseph, of N. W. Co., alias
Portelance, 1804, 187
Roy, Joseph, of N. W. Co., Atha-
Roy, Joseph, of N. W. Co., with
Henry, 186
Roy's ho. on Red r., 127, 137
Roy, Vincent, 187
Rubiette, Nicolas, 52
Rubus spectabilis, 840
Rubus ursinus, 816
Rupert ho., see Fort Rupert
Rupert's Land, 749, or Prince Rupert's Land, the name for
mahy years of all the interior
of British America owned or
claimed by the H. B. Co. under charter of May 2d, 1670 ;
no definite boundary ever attached to the name; area
extended into present Minnesota and North Dakota
Rupert's or Prince Rupert's r.,
Capt. Zachariah Gillam, 1668,
later York r. and Nelson r.
rushes, 70
Rush 1., in Minnesota, 146
Rush 1., or Lake Manitoba, 208,
Sabine cr. and spring, 406
Sable, see Anse de
Sabourin,   Charles,   voy.  N.  W
Co., Red Lake dept, 1804
Sabourin, D., N. W.  Co., Kam,
Sabourin, Eustache,  voy. N.
Co., Red Lake dept., 1804
Sac-a-tout-Mettre, a Cree, 581
Sac Inds., 187, 346
Saddle cr., 563
Saddle 1., 563
3, Jean Baptiste,783, 797,
see Sakanakee
Saginac, Saginaga 1., 12, 13
Sagittaria variabilis, 777
1804
N.   W.
, Nepigon,
Saguns.-..,
Sahaptinr., 786
St Albert's, Alb., 566
St. Alphonse, Man., 418
St. Amant, Joseph, 862, 868, 904
St. Andrei, , N. W. Co., Fort
St. Andrew's parish and rap., 42,
249
St. Anne, Bout de l'lsle, 80, 223
St. Ann I, and settlement, 565
St. Boniface, Man., 43
St. Burah, , 561
St. Canute, 896
St. Charles parish, Man., 287
St. Charles r., 661
St. Clements parish, Man., 42
St. Cyr, , 195, see Cyi
St. Denis, , N. W. Co
iboine r., 1794
St. Denis, Eustache, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
St. Denis, Frangois, voy. c.-m. ]
W. Co., Upper Redr., 1804
Ste. Agathe, Man., 63
St. Frangois Xavier parish, Man.,
289
St. George, F., voy. N. W. Co.
Torch 1., 1804
St. Germain, , various persons,
unidentified, 188
St. Germain,  , with Umfreville, 505
St. Germain,
St. Germain, Hy.,
St. Germain, Jean Baptiste, 188
St. Germain, Joseph, 192,195,203,
208, 221, 244, 248, 249, 267,
276, 281
St. Germain, Joseph, another, 188
St. Germain, Joseph, sen., 188
St. Germain, Lemaire, 188
St. Germain, V., Venant, or Vincent, 51, 188, 190, 194, 207,
246, 247, 249
St. Hilaire, Minn., 129
 T
INDEX.                                               IOO9
St. Hyacinthe, Que., 301
St. Pierre, M." de, 465
St. Jaccou, Hippolyte, dit Mary,
St. Vincent, Minn., 79, 80, 187
voy. N.  W. Co., Athabasca,
St Vital, Man., 48
1804
St. Vrain,  Felix,  Ind.  agent at
St. James, , N. W. Co., Mouse
Rock Isl.,  111., killed in the
r., 1794
Black Hawk war  May  22d,
St. Jean Baptiste, Man., 69
1832
St. John, Ore., 810
Sakahigan Pekwaonga, 23
Sakanakee,    Sakanakie,    J.    B.,
St. John's, Peace r., 512
St. Joseph's isl., 439.   There was
a  British  fort in  1794 and
Nipissing  hunter,   673,    782,
790, 791, 868, see Saganakee
later; garrison 1 capt., 1 lieut,
Saleeish Inds., 708, 710, 711, see
1 ensign, 39 soldiers, in May,
Saleesh, Salish, Salishan
1800; N.  W.  Co.  post there
Saleeish r., 710
Saleesh camp on Clark's fork, 674
St. Laurent, Sask., 490
Saleesh ho., 556, 606,   648,   672,
St. Lawrence r., 190
674, 675, 895
St. Louis co., Minn., 16, 20
Saleesh Inds., 708, see Salish Inds.
St. Louis, Mo., 735, 760, 843, 856,
Saleesh 1., 672, see Pend d'Oreille 1.
881, 882, 883, 884, 885, 886
Saleesh r., 672, 673, 675, 709, see
St. Luc, see La Corne
Clark's fork
St. Malo, France, 629
Saleesh road, 673
St. Martin, Antoine, 872
Salem, ship, 848
St. Martin, Joseph, 872, 874
Sale r., 55, 56, 61, 71,183, 185, 265,
St. Martin 1., 207, see St. Mar-
266, 287
Saliahone, Ignace,  874, also ap
St. Martin's bay, 458
pears as Saliohony, Ignace,
St. Martin's isls., 458
voy.   N.   W.   Co.,  Fort   des
I     St. Martin's 1., 458
Prairies, 1804
St. Mary's r., br. of Bow r., 462,
Salishan family, 71, 524, 550, 708,
524
709, 7". 855. 858
St. Mary's r., br. of Kootenay r.,
Salish Inds., 709, see Flat Head
St. Mary's  r.,   near  Drummond
Salish 1., 674, 709
.   isl., 222
Salish r., 674
St. Mary Two Falls is a name of
Salish vocabulary, 714, 715,  716,
Sault Ste. Marie
717
St.  Michael, St.  Michel,   Louis,
Salix cordata, 320
857, 872, 874, 875, 886, 887
Salix rostrata, 49
St. Norbert, Man., 55, 238
Salmo (Cristivomer) namaycush.
St. Onge, Alexis, voy. N. W. Co.,
574
Nepigon, 1804
salmon, 750, 866
St. Onge, Antoine, voy.  N. W.
Salmon falls, Snake r., 844, 884
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Salmon r., in Brit. Col., 777
St. Paul, Minn., 21
Salt 1., 282
St. Paul's isl., 764
Salt r., br. of Red r., N. Dak., 55,
St. Peter's r., br. of Assiniboine r.,
82, 95, 103, 137. 138, 152, 153,
3°5                              ...
158, 160, 176, 188, 251, 253, 259
St. Peter's r., br. of Mississippi r.,
Saltr., 884
96, 144, 145, 146, 189, 516
Salt rivulet, 127
St. Pie, Man., 69
Sambucus glauca, 840
St. Pierre, , 659, 661
Samson res., 499, 636
St. Pierre, , of 1794, 661
San Bias, Cal., 814
St. Pierre, 484, see Verendrye
sand-cherries, 40
St. Pierre, Baptiste, 661
St. Pierre, J. B., 205
Sand Hill cr., 618
Sand Hill r., 141, 422
St. Pierre, Jean Baptiste, 661
Sand hills, on Assiniboine r., 297
Sand hills, on Red Deer r., 618
 IOIO                                               INDEX.
San Diego, Cal., 763
Sar, J. T., 667
Sand isl., 460
Sascatchiwine r., 481, 482
Sandpt, 17
Saskatchewan Assiniboines, 492,
Sand Point isl., 20
523, 597, 616, 624, 625, 706
Sand Point 1., 17
Saskatchewan brigade, 447
Sand r., 460
Saskatchewan district orprovince,
Sandwich Islanders, 757, 773, 780,
299, 460, 462, 499, 563
807,  828,  836, 837, 840,   846,
Saskatchewan ldg., 501
849, 852, 861, 868, 870,   871,
Saskatchewan    pass,     748,    see
872,  873, 875,  890, 893,   901,
Howse pass
905, 910,  915, see Kanakas -
Saskatchewan pt., 458
Sandwich Islands, 780, 836, 844,
Saskatchewan posts, see Fort des
845,  846, 847,  848,  850,   851,
. Prairies
864, 870,  871
Saskatchewan r.,  19, 38,  51, 52,
Sandy Bar, Man., 451
187, 205, 215, 216, 219,   222
Sandy bay, 478
234, 240, 266, 268,  269,   277
Sandy Hill r., 253, 422, 423
278,  279, 282, 288, 292,   293
Sandy hills, 496, 497
300,  314,   317,  343,  439,   443
Sandy 1., 150
447. 459.  460,  462,  465,   466
Sandy   Lake   ho.   is   made  by
Thompson, May 6th, 1798, S.
467,  468,  469, 470,  471,   472
475,  476,  477,  478,  479.   481
14°   E.   ij< m, from exit of
483,  484,  485,  486,  491,   499
Sandy Lake r.   Compare the
500,   501,   502,   504,  505,   506
identical position given in my
507,   508,   509,   516,   524,   530
ed. of Pike, 1895
532,   539,   546,   547,   548,   553
Sandy pt., Lake Winnipeg, 36, 37
554,   556,   557,   560,   561,   562
Sandy r., br. of Columbia r., 797
563,   564,   565,   566,   567,   568
San    Francisco,   Cal.,   792,   895,
569,   570,   572,   574,   58l,   582
586,   596,   597,   598,   602,   607
Sanguinet, Mdlle., 164
608,  611,  618,  619,  624,   630
Sans Fagon, Frangois, 674
633,  634,  638,  640,  642,   650
Sans Fagon, Pierre, voy. N. W.
651,  653,   659,   662,  664,   673
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
674,   675,  676,  679,  689,   691
Sansom, Michel, 868
692,  693,   700,   702,   703,   705
Sans Puells, 709, see Simpoils
718,   720,   723,   733,   734,   737
Sans Quartier,  , voy. N. W.
738,  739-  74i,  742,  744.   745
Co., Athabasca, 1804
746,  747,  761,  776,  778,   871
Sansregret, , 592
874,  875, 900,   and see North
Sansregret, Jean Baptiste, 592
and South Sask. r.
•Sans Souci, Jean Baptiste, voy.
Saskatchewan route, 448, 458
N. W. Co., Chippewa r., 1804
Saskatchewan  waters,   573,   574,
Sans Souci,  Pierre,  voy. N. W.
640, 692, 897
Co., Rainy 1., 1804
Saskatchewan watershed, 565
Santa Cruz, 762
Saskatchewoine r., 461
Sapetens, 709, 912
Saskatchiwane r., 498
sapin, 688
Saskawjawun r., 462
Sarcee Agency, 522
Saskawjewun r. of Tanner,  305,
Sarcee Inds., 508,  531,  532.   541.
544.  547.   55i.  569.   575,   576,
Saskowjawun r., 462
578,  579.  606,  615,  617,   620,
Saskutchawin r., 462
622,  623,  625,  627,  636,   637,
sato imo, 756
638,  639,  649,  653,  655,   656,
Satsika, see Siksika
657,  658,  659,  660, 664,   665,
Saucie, Pierre, interp. N. W. Co.,
737
Upper Red r., 1804
Sarcee res., 704
Saucier, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
Sarci, Sarcie, 531, see Sarcee Inds.
Fond du Lac, 1804
Sardepie  is  found for Gardpie,
Sault a la Biche, 42, 249, 265
Gardepied or Gariepy
Saulteur establishment, 452
 Saulteur fort, 239, see Pembina
Saulteur Inds., 4, 47, 54, 57, 71, 75,
125, 130, ]
159,  163, ]
179. 185,
195,
196,
'    203, 204, 205, 209,
240, 241, 242, 250, 252, 257,
s      261, 263, 269, 270, 286, 295,
304,  383,  395, 419. 421, 427.
428,  429.  43i. 433, 438, 448,
449.  450,  452, 466, 477, 482,
484,  488,  489, 511, 512, 513,
516,  521,  523, 533. 542. 582,
584,  591, 602, 603, 607, 608,
609,  612,  614, 652, 727, 742
Saulteur language, 648
Saulteur liquor, 3
Saulteurs, for Souliers, see Sou-
Saulteur vill., 323, 344, see Sou-
Sault Inds., 250, 252, see Saulteur
Inds.
Sault Ste. Marie, 50, 172, 277, 303,
481, 505, 573. Mission founded
there by Raymbaut and
Jogues, 1640, named Sainte
Marie du Saut; prise de possession by Daumont de St.
Lusson June 14th, 1671 (see
text in Tasse, I. p. 106); post
rebuilt 1750, acquired as he-
■ reditary seigneury by Les
Sieurs de Bonne et de Repen-
tigny; Chippewa vill. of 50
men in 1762; Lieut. Jemette
arr. summer of 1762; fort
burned Dec. 22d, 1762; Sir
Robert Dovers arr. Apr. 25th,
1763; last French commandant J. B. Cadou, Cadot, or
Cadotte; in McKenzie's time,
say 1800, "reduced to about
30 Algonquin families, who
are one half of the year starving, and the other half intoxicated,   and   10  or   12 Cana-
Sauv6, Jean Baptiste, interp. N.
W. Co., Nepigon, 1804
Savannah p., between Lakes Manitoba and Winnipegoosis, 207
Savanna p. and r., Kam. route,
218, 247
Savannep., 218
Savoyard, Toussaint, voy. N. W.
Co., Fond du Lac, 1804
Sawback range, 689
Sayer, Savers, John, 255; was at.
Grand Portage July 22d, 1797;
his ho. of 1797-98 was on Upper Red Cedar (Cass) 1.,, % m.;
N. W. from exit of Mississippi
r., i. e., on N. E. bank of the:
lake, about 2% m. S. E. from,
entrance of Turtle r.; D.
Thompson there Apr. 29th-
May 2d, 1798; I saw the site
in 1894. Sayer had before
wintered with one of the Ca-
dottes at Oak Point on the
Mississippi; their ho. burned
before 1798. He arrived at;
Grand Portage June 16th, and
left for Fond du Lac July 7th,
1798
Scandinavian dogma, 529
Scandinavian elk, 2
Scaphirhynchops   platyrhynchus,
Scart, John, 427
Schenectady, N. Y., 189
Schian camp, 367, 374, 375, 376,
381,398
Schian r., 121, 144, 164, 250, 383
Schians, 144, 347, 354, 355, 359,
360, 367, 375, 377, 379, 380,
383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388,389,
390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 396,
398, see Cheyenne Inds.
Schoolcraft, H. R., 27, 303
Sciatogas, Scietogas, 818, 819, 853
Scirpus lacustris, 70
Sciurus fossor, 817
Scotch Highlander, 278
Scotland, 189, 223, 440, 782, 882
Scots, 427
Scratching r., 55, 63, 82, 286
sea hogs, 821
Seal falls, 784
sea lions, 820, 857
Sealr., 798
Seal Rock or rocks, 798, 810
seals, 857
sea otters, 753, 829
Sear., 27, 32
Sear, Joseph, 195, see Cyr
sea-shells, 753, 829
Seaton, see Seton
Seauteaux, 704, see Saulteur Inds.
Sebascong bay, 23
Second Cherry p., 9
Second Rut cr., 567
Seekaskootch res., 504
Seepanock, Seepanok r. or chan-
 IOI2                                            INDEX.
Seepaywisk   ho.    made   by    D.
Thompson,  1792-93, lat. 550
H. B. Co. boats for reprisal
May 19th, 1816; fight between
03' 15   N, long. 970 41' 30" W.
H. B. Co. under Semple, from
Seer, Seers, Joseph, 195, 873. see
Fort Douglas, near
the Forks,
Cyr
and N. W.   Co.  half-breeds
Seiganagah, Seiganahl., 12
and   Inds.   under
Cuthbert
Seigneury of Terrebonne, 255
Grant, June 19th,
816; Sem-
Seine r., 43, 60, 421, 447
pie and about 20 others killed;
Selasphorus rufus, 889
Brule loss 1 killed, i
wounded;
Selkirk colony, 189
and the colony, then number
Selkirk dist., Man. (modern), 40,
ing about 180, soon
dispersed:
63, 299
See A  Narrative
of  Occur-
Selkirk, Lord, 40, 43, 45, 81, 202,
rences,    etc.,    8vo
London,     1
211, 759, 767, 894, 898
1817,   pp.  i-xiv.,
Selkirk  settlers,   425,  426, were
App. pp. 1-87
first  about  25 families, arr.
Semple case, 268, 442, 6
". 874
atFort York late in 1811, arr.
Semple, Governor Robert, 44, 98,
on Red r. late in 1812, under
187,188, 189,193, 21
5, 226,234,
Miles   McDonnell,   first gov
557. 611, 867
ernor of  the colony;  acces
Senate of the U. S., 25
sions in 1812-13-14;  procla
service-berry, 405
mation   for boundaries  and
Sesai, 53, 203
government    of    Ossiniboia,
Seton, Alfred, 752, 761
, 764, 788,
Fort Daer, Jan. 8th,  1814, by
790, 814, 827,   848
854. 861,
the governor, John spencer,
864, 882
sec'y;   immediate    collision
Settingr., 488, 489, se
3 Net Set-
with the traders ;   N. W. Co.
ting r.
post on Mouse r. forcibly en
sewellel, 749
tered and grand larceny committed ;    Duncan   Cameron,
Shabboyea,   Shabboye
r,   61,   97,
see Chaboillez
N. W. Co., in charge of Red
Shabona, T.,  914,  see
Charbon-
River  dept, who  had war
rants for arrest  of governor
Shagwawkoosink, 448
Shahaka, 329, 330
and  secretary,   served   with
notice to quit in six months
Shahala, 798
by McDonnell Oct 21st, 1814 ;
McDonnell and Spencer sur
Shahaptan r., 786
Shahaptans, Shahaptu
rendered and taken to Fort
709, 712, 827
William ;  petty warfare and
Shahaptianr., 786
starvation, winter of 1814-15 ;
Shahaptins, 819, 827
H. B. Co.   arrangements for
Shahiadar., 144
strengthening     the     colony
shamoys, 757
May  19th,    1815;    Governor
Robert    Semple   and   Colin
Shannon, George, 014
Sharp Head res., 499, 636
Robertson,   H.   B. Co.,  arr.
Shatasla, 827
Sept., 1815; N. W. Co. Fort
Gibraltar, at the Forks, cap
Shaved Head, an Ind.,
655
Shawanees, 181
tured   Mar.  17th,   1816,  and
Shaw, Angus, 222, 255
, 278, 560,
Cameron   sent   prisoner   to
Hudson's   bay;   N.   W.   Co.
561, 792; his soubriquet was
Monsieur Le Chat,
apparently
Fort Pembina captured Mar.
a pun on " Shaw
20th, 1816; papers and prop
story about it in R
erty of both seized and con
306,  in   which  Mrs.    Shaw
fiscated;   force   sent to   take
figures as Mme.  La Chatte,
Alexander    McDonnell's   N.
and the children ar
e les petits
W. Co. post on Mouse r. suc
Chatons (kittens)
cessfully resisted;  N. W. Co.
Shaw, Mr., father of the
foregoing,
seized 50 packs of furs from
independent trader
ca. 1785
 INDEX.                                               1013
Shawnees, 96
Silver Plains, Man., 63
Shawpatin, Shawpetin r., 748, 786
Simard, Auguste, voy. N. W. Co.,
Shawshawwabenase, 98
Rat r., 1804
Shaw's pt., 583
Simeon, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Red Lake dept., 1804
Shawyens, 346
Shaymanitou, 179
Simpoils, 647, 709, 711, 712
Shea, J. G., 505
Simpson, Geo., N. W. Co., 275
Shebandowan 1., 218
Simpson, Sir George, 20, 42, 603
1     sheep, see mountain sheep
Simpson pass, 706
Sheep cr., 704
Simpson r., 706
Sheep eaters, 819
Sims, Mr., 900, 903, 906
Sheepshead, 445
Sinclair r., 299
Sheetshoa r., 709
Sinew   r., br.  of Peace r.,   the
Shell 1..488
name  translates  an   Indian
Shell r., br. of Assiniboine r., 47
Shell r., br. of Missouri r., 302
Sinner's Head, 457, see especially
Shell r., br. of Net Setting r., 488
Tete aux Pichaux
Shields, John, 914
Siouan family or stock, 522, 530,
533, 733
Sheriff, Lieut., 762, 763, 764, 765,
Sioux, 13, 16, 23, 41, 52, 53, 55, 56,
766
64, 66, 71, 74, 75, 78, 83, 88, 89
Shoal (Birch) 1., 897
92,  95,  96,  97,  100, 101, 102
Shoal 1., in Manitoba, 289
104,   107,   108,  109,   117,   121
Shoal 1., Lake of the Woods, 23
122,   130,   131,   132,   140,   144
Shoal r., 299, see Swanr.
145,  146,   147,   148,   151,   157
Shonowane,  Ignace, an Iroquois
159,  164,   165,   175,   188,   210
hunter, perhaps the first one
of his tribe who ever crossed
231,  249,  250,   253,  264,   265
267,  270,  272,  274,  275,   314
the Rocky mts.;   arr. Astoria
316,  330,  333,  334,  335,   336
Oct. 5th, 1811, with wife and
346,  358,  359.  36i,  362,   370
two   children,   in   company
375.  377.  379,  383,  385,   387
with Regis Bruguidre
389.  399.  400,  403.  404.   4°8
Short Arm, Short Arms, an Ind.,
423, 427, 428,  431,  432.   433
434, 436,  437,  438, 441,   516
54, 187
Shortiss isl., 16
521,  733
Shoshonean family, 818, 819
Sioux massacre, 260, 261, 262
Shoshones, 794, 844, 867
Sioux of the Plains, 383
sho-sho-nez, 794
Sioux r., Sioux Wood r., 145
Shoto vill., 799, see Sotos
Sire, Joseph, 195, see Cyr
shovel-nosed sturgeon, 192
Sisiscatchwin r., 462
showfl, 749
Sitka, 759. 764. 788, 814, 859
Shults, Shultz, Shutz, Frederick,
Sitting Badger, a Cree, 581, 627
on Pembina r., 1794 ; clerk N.
Siveright, John, clerk N. W. Co.,
on Redr. during disturbances
W. Co., Nepigon, 1799
Shushwaps, Shuswhaps, 783
of 1816
Siatogas, 818
Skalzis, 550
Siberge, M., voy. N. W. Co., Rat
Skamania co., Wash., 801
Skeetshoe, Skeetshoo r., 606, 672,
Sicard, Antoine, voy. N. W. Co.,
675,709             ,           2:
Red Lake dept., 1804
Skeetshoo    ho.,    made    by   D.    ■
Sieur's fort, 35
Thompson lat. 470 47' 04" N.,
Siffleurr., 689
long. 1170 27' 11" W.
Sihasapa Inds., 524
Skeetshoo road, 673
1     Siksika, Alb., 744
Skeetshue Inds., 709, 711
Siksika Inds., 523, 524, 525, 526,
Skeetshue 1., 711
527, 528,  529,  530,  532,   533,
534.  535.  536,  537
Skitsuish Inds., 709, 711
Silver falls, 34
Skookumchuck cr., 706
 523
Slave falls, 31, 250
Slave Inds., Athapascan family,
523, 524
Slave Inds., Slaves, of the author,
495. 500,  506, 510, 525,   526,
529.  530,  53t   532.  533,   534.
535,   536,   537,  538,   540,   54i,
544.  546,  547.  548,  552,   557.
573.   578,   580,   585,  587,   59°.
595.  633,  652,  660,  671,   712,
718,  726,   727,  728,  730,   731,
734.   736,   737
Slave 1., 193, 199, 278, 289, 569
Slave 1., 583, is Little Slave 1.
Slave Lake canoes, 627, 628
Slave r., 266, 510
sling-shot, 790
Slocan 1. and r., 707
Sloping Bank brook, 562
slug, 753
Small, Charlotte, 581
Small, Mr., 555, 557, 575, 579, 580,
59°.  59L  599,  603,  604,   605,
608,  613,  617,'625
small-mouthed black-bass, 445
Small, Pat, 557
Small's r., 557
smelts, 786, 787
Smith, Capt, of the   Albatross,
764, 795
Smith, Capt., of the Isaac Todd,
897, 900, 902, 904, 907, 915
Smith, Edward, partner N. W.
Co., Great Slave 1., 1820
Smith, Mr., brother-in-law of Mr.
McCrae,   drowned   with   10
men on Lake Nipissing, off
Pointe des Noyes, so named
from this circumstance; later
Pointe aux Croix, from the 11
crosses erected there
Smith's br. of Bear r., 884
Smith's pt, 749, 751
Smith, William, 484, was interp.
N.   W.   Co.,   died   at   Geo.
Keith's post on McKenzie's r.,
winter of 1809-10
Smoke, Old, an Ind., 597
Smoke r., 510
Smoky cr., 564
Smoky Hill r., 614
Smoky 1., 564, 615
Smoky r., br. of Athabasca r., 613
Smoky r., br. of Peacer., 510, 512,
583
snails, 753, 840
Snake cr.,br. of  Missouri r., 313,
319, 320, 405
Snake cr., br. of Mouse r., 305
Snake cr., br. of Swan r., 299, 300
Snake Den hill, Snake hill, 321,
see Snake's Den
Snake hill, on Mouse r., 306
Snake hills, 563
Snake Inds., of Red r., so called
by the author, not identified,
unless he means Sioux, 46,78,
154
Snake Inds., Shoshonean,  properly so called, 398, 526, 558,
726, 794
Snake isl., Lake Winnipeg, 455
Snake Lodge, N. Dak., 404
Snake r., br. of Columbia r., 667,
706, 712, 748, 752, 760, 761, 767,
'783, 786, 787, 788, 842, 843,844,
857, 862, 867, 869, 872, 873, 874,
882, 883, 884, 886, 887, 889
Snake r., br. of Red r., 90,126, 229
Snake's Den, Snake's Lodge, N.
Dak., 318, 319, 349, 406
Snare Inds., 484, 596, 704, 705, 706
snicarty, 138, see Chenal Ecarte
Snipe hills, 563
Snowshoe 1., 33
Snpoiliqiq, Snpuelish, 709
Soldat, Soldier, a hunter, 605, 619,
Soldier's p., 18
Solomon, Ezekiel, 867, at Michilimackinac massacre, June
4th, 1763, with A. Henry,
sen., a Mr. Tracy, and Mr.
Bostwick; made prisoner, rescued by Ottawas, and ransomed at Montreal
Sonnants, 165, 166, 190, 204, 295,
429
Sorel, Louis, voy. N. W. Co.,
Chippewa r., 1804
Sotos, Soto vill., 799, 809
Souci, Benjamin, voy. N. W. Co.,
Upper Red r., 1804
Soulier Noir, Souliers, Soulier
vill., 323, 332, 337, 338, 343,
344, 347, 349, 358, 362, 363,
396, 399
Sounding 1., 500
Source r., 18
Sourisford, Man., 308
Souris, Man., 305
Souris r., 4, 50, see Riviere la
Souris and Mouse r.
mmmm
 INDEX,                                           IOIS
Sousonce res., 237
Spokane, Wash., 899
South Antler cr., 308, 412
Sportsman's Gazetteer, 84
South Branch fort or ho., 481,484,
spruce, 688
Spruce pt., 456
490, 491
South Branch, Flat Head r., 672
Squaw rap., 478
South Branch, Saleesh r., 674
Squirrel cr., 1
South Branch, Saskatchewan   r.,
squirrels, 817
479,   5O0,   572,   576,   582,   584.
Stacey, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
591,   592,   597,   598,   599,   616,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
626, 703, and see South Sas
Stag r., 706
katchewan r.
Stag, sloop, 762
South Dakota, 145
Stanford range, 706
Stanton, N. Dak., 323
South Edmonton, 568, 633
Southern Inds., 533, so called by
Star, an Assiniboine, 615, 626
the H. B. Co. in distinction
Starbuck, Man., 55
from Athapascan tribes they
Star, Old, Kootenay chf., 549, 587
called Northern Inds.
State Dept., 22
Southesk, Earl of, 505
Statenland, 763
South fork of Fraser's r., 642
Steawrs (sic, qu: Stearns ?), Rob
South fork of Park r., 90, 93, 95
ert, clerk N. W. Co., English
South fork of Reed r., 69
r., 1804
South Fowl 1.,9
Steele co., N. Dak., 141
South 1., 11
Steep cr., 564
South-Men, 289
Steinbruck, John, a German who,
South Pass, Rocky mts., 843, 884,
with four Canadians and two
885
women, started with (Sir) A.
South r., br. of N. Sask. r., 678
McKenzie for the Arctic ocean
South River ho. was high up on
Koksoak   r.,   that  South  r.
June   3d,   1789;   engage  N.
W.    Co.,    Athabasca,   1799;
which falls into Ungava bay
name  also appears  as  John
South Saskatchewan r., 462, 484,
Heinbrucks
485, 488, 489, 490, 491,   523,
Steller's sea lion, 857
524,   528, 530,  53i. 618,   639,
Stevens co., N. Dak., 315, 318, 320
and see South Branch, Sas
Stevens, Mr., 901, 902
katchewan r.
Stewart, for all of this name see
South Sea, 847
Stuart
South Trader, 289
Still, John, 233, see Stit
Sowle, Sowles, Capt. C, 759, 763,
Stinking r., 55
764, 852
Stipa spartea, 115
Spain, 220, 900
Stit, Stitt, J., 233, 234, 440
Spaniards, 378, 384
Stizostedion canadense, 70, 444
Spanish-Americans, 321
Stizostedion vitreum, 444
Spanish r., 844, 861, 884
Stockum, 852, 855
Spanish River mts., 884
Stockwood, Minn., 147
Spencer, Andrew, 609, 668
Stolephorus mordax, 786
spermaceti, 768
Stone Assiniboines, 523
spiritus ammonia? succinatus, 732
Stone Indian r., 45
Spitchie r., 704
Stone Indian River ho., 207, 298
Spoil-Ehiehs, 711
Stone Inds.,  190,  191,  204,   505,
Spokane co., Wash., 899
516, 533
Spokane falls, 899
Stone rap., 12
Spokane ho.,  578,  675,  709, 757,
Stone Roasters, see Stone Inds.
761,  767,  781,  782,  783,   784.
Stone Sioux, 37, 522
786, 787,  788, 791, 869,   871,
Stony cr., 562
872,  873,  896,  899,  905
Stony Ind. res., 705
Spokane Inds., 709, 711, 712
Stony 1., 562
Spokane r., 673, 709, 711, 761, 767,
Stony mts., 24.   The Rocky mts.
772, 899
were so  called  long  before
 Stony pt, 456, 457
Straight Horn, a chf., 332
Straits of Manitoba 1., 291
Strawberry cr., 744
Strawberry isl., 801, 802, 806, 808
Strong Arms, an Ind., 53
Strong Wood Assiniboines,  508,
523, 525, 615
Strong Wood Crees, 571, 585, 623,
706, 738, 746
Stuart, Alexander, 508, 747, 766,
770, 776,  781,  782, 784,   788,
790, 791, 803, 820,  821,   822,
Stuart, John, 27c
782, 783, 784
825, 828, 829,
838, 852, 854,
■, 761, 766, 767,
785, 786, 787.
844, 845, 848,
863,  865,   875.
761, 766, 781,
786, 791, 792,
830, 832, 833,
855, 856,   862,
Stuart 1., 219, 759, 784, 899
Stuart, Mr., unidentified, 216, 277,
561, 756, 760, 815
Stuart, Peter, of Quebec
Stuart, Robert, 760, 767, 781, 782,
783, 788, 791, 856, 881, 882,
884,  885,  886
Stuart's 1., 759
Stuart's r., 784, 898
sturgeon, 20, 70, 444, 752, 753
Sturgeon bay, Lake Winnipeg,
175. 458
Sturgeon cr., br. of N. Sask. r.
from the S., 741
Sturgeon fort, 487
Sturgeon 1., 472, 473, 474, see Pine
Island 1.
Sturgeon 1., discharging by Sturgeon or Net Setting r. into N.
Sask. r., 488
Sturgeon 1., Kam. route, 217
Sturgeon 1., unidentified, 505
sturgeon millers, 192
Sturgeon Narrows, 217
Sturgeon r., a channel of main
Sask. r., 477
Sturgeonr., br. of N. Sask. r., 488,
see Net Setting r.
Sturgeon r.,  br. of N. Sask. r.,
from   the  S.,  741, see Sturgeon cr.
Sturgeon  r., br.  of N. Sask. ;
main, 565, 566, 567, 633, 647
Sturgeon r., Kam. route, 17, 217
Sturgeon r., trib. to Lake Winnipeg, 207
Sturgeon r., trib. to Pine Island
1.,   472,   477.   see   Big   Stur-
Sturgeon rivulet, of Thompson,
488, see Net Setting r.
Sturgeon rivulet, of  Thompson,
566, see Sturgeon r., br. of N.
Sask. r., main
Sturgeon Weir r., 472, 473, 871
sucker, 445
Sucker cr. or r., br. of N. Sask. 1
lower, 486
Sucker cr. or r., br. of N. Sask. r
upper, 594, 621, 624, 632, 744
Sucre, Sucrie, a chf., 163, 190
Sugar Bush cr., 497
Suliere, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Athabasca, 1804
Summer Berry r.,   br.   of Little
Athabasca, 1804
Summerberry r., br. of Red r., 82
Summer Berry r., see Pembina r.
Summer Bird, a chf., 419
Sun. an Ind., 543
sunjegwun, 263
Sun Mutual Insurance Co., 814
Superior City, 872
Supreme Being, 352, 528
Surprennant, , 442
Sursee,    Sursie,   Susie,   Sussee,
Sussie, 531, see Sarcee
Sutherland, James,  N.  W.   Co.,
killed with Livingstone and
Sutherland, Joseph, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Sutherland, Mr., H. B. Co., 300
Sutherlandshire, Scotland, 43
Sutherland's ho., 293
Swain, Thomas, 299
Swallow Rock, 677, 678, 699
Swamp 1., 13
Swamp p., 466
Swamp r., br. of Red r., 69,127
Swamp r., on Reed River route,
70
Swampy Country, 778
Swampy   Ground   Assiniboines,
523, 585, 706, 738, 742
Swampy ho., 607, 740
Swampy Inds., 466, 468
 Swampy p., 218
Swampy r., br. of Red r., 60
Swampy r., trib. to Pine Island
1., 472
Swan cr., br. of Swan r., 299
Swan, Dr., 894, 897, 900, 901, 902,
903,904, 905, 906, 909, 910
Swan Lake Ind. res., 418
Swan 1., name of Lake Manitoba,
208
Swan 1., trib. to Lake Winnipegoosis, 299
Swan 1., trib. to Pembina r., 81,
418
Swan 1., trib. to Sask. r., 472
Swan r., br. of Athabasca r., 581
Swan River dept., 277
Swan River ho., 300
Swanr., trib. to Lake Winnipegoosis, 47, 199, 213, 215, 253,
277, 299, 300, 458, 466, 506, 576
swans, 4, 92, 752
Swanston, Mrs., 782   •
Swanston, Thomas, 782
Sweet, a chf., 97, 163, 190
Sweet Grass res., 499
Sweetwater r., 884
Sylvain, L. P., 915
syphilis, 836
Tabashaw, a chf., 53, 56, 59, 60,
67. 68, 75, 97, 134, 169, 178,
179, 181, 196, 209, 251, 252,
266, 427, 431
Tabault, , 554
Tabeau, an Ind., 579, 597, 623
Tabushshah, 97,180
Ta-bush-shish, 2571 427
Tach6, Mgr., 266
Tacouche Tesse, 898
Taculli, Tacully, 219, 524
Tahoorowa, Tahouraha, Tahou-
rakaisl., 846
Tailcr., 618
Taillon, Louis, voy. c.-m. N. W.
Co., Fort Dauphin, 1804
Tait, Mr., N. W. Co., superintendent of buildings at Fort William on its capture by Lord
Selkirk Aug. 13th, 1816
Takamanigan, 20
Talon, Jean Baptiste, b. Picardy
1625, d. Versailles 1691, second Intendent of New France
1663-68, again 1670-72 under
Gov. de   Courcelles,   started
Joliet   and   Marquette,   who
discovered the Mississippi in
1673
Tamaahmaah, 847, 848
Tamarac cr., 299
Tamarac isl., 455, 456
Tammeatameah, 847
Tanner, John, 3,18, 20, 41, 47, 53,
54, 61, 70, 81, 82, 96, 97, 98,
125, 147, 160, 163, 180, 181,
229, 256, 257, 263, 265, 274,
291, 305, 425, 427. 448, 462,
733, 778
Tanner's 1., 217
tanya, 756
Taon, Taonsone, 54,152,153
taro, taroo, 756
Tass6, Joseph, 51, 164, 187, 234,
303, 311. 705, 871, 872
T Association, 5
Tatelicum, 880
Tate, Magnus, H. B. Co., was
with Gilbert Laughton on
head of Jack Tent r. June
29th, 1790
Taupier, Frangois, of Ste.Therese,
Montreal, in service of N. W.
Co. under Duncan Cameron
at capture of Fort Gibraltar
Mar. 17th, 1816, and witness
in the Semple case at Toronto
Oct., 1818
taureaux, 173, 276
Taylor, Robert, an old freeman
from the Missouri, on the Assiniboine winter of 1793-94,
employed by Mr. C." Grant as
Tearing r., 472, 475,476
teeth of sea otter, 829
Teewhattahownie, George, Canadian Ind., N. W. Co., on
the Columbia; see Cox, p. 315
Teien, Minn., 90
Tekamamicuen, Tekamamiho-
enne, Tekamammaouen,   18,
Tekegonaibick,     Tekogonaibick,
96, 198
Telegraph coulee, 497
Tenny, Minn., 147
Teow, Isaac, 868
Terre Blanche bay, Lake Winni-
Terre Blanche cr., br. of N. Sask.
r. from the S., 634, 743
Terre Blanche ho., on N. Sask. r.,
 IOJ.8 INI
lower, 584, 585, 590, 591, 592,
594, 595. 598. 599. 600, 601,
602, 615, 649, 664, 665, 666,
and see White Earth, White
Mud, etc.
Terre Blanche ho., on N. Sask. r.,
upper, 651, 654, 655, 670, 671,
and see Upper Terre Blanche
Terre Blanche, Minn., 205
Terre Blanche p., 28
Terre Blanche p., Winnipeg r., 27
Terre Blanche r., br. of N. Sask. r.,
563, 566, 570, 595, 599,600, and
see White Earth r., White
Mudr.
Terre Blanche r., trib. to Lake
Manitoba, 1, 2, 4, 208
Terre Blanche r., trib. to Lake
Winnipeg, 250 (see 452), 451,
452
Terrebonne, 61, 869
Terre Grasse or Grosse, an Ind.,
54,160, 196
Terre Jaune p., 28
Tessier, Mrs. Cyrille, 897
Tete a la Biche, Assin., 310, 412,
413. 522
Tete a la Biche creeks, 308
Tete a la Biche r., 308, 314
Tete aux PScheurs, Pecheurs, Pichaux, 457, 458. My conjecture proves unfounded, and
the word in the text is to be
. retained. Compare Tete de
Picheu, in Ross Cox, p. 277.
Mr. Otto J. Klotz of the International Boundary Commission, Ottawa, informs me in
lit. Apr. 9th, 1896, that Pichou
or Picheau is the name of an
Ind. tribe living about Lake
Athabasca, noted alike for
their cleanliness and ugliness, and that the word is
used in Canadian French as
equivalent to "ugly," e. g.,
" elle est laide comme un
Pichou " ; but the reason for
assigning the name to the
headland in Lake Winnipeg
does not appear
Tete de Bceuf, 68, 419
Tete du Chien, 445, 451, 454
tetes-de-femme, 131
Teton Pass, 884
Tetons, Teton Sioux, 145, 524
Teulattakain, George, 870, 871
Texas, 312
Thaleichthys pacificus, 787
Thathaine, Jacques, 871, 874
Thellier, Antoine, 226
Thibault, , 554, 593
Thick Arms, an Ind., 53,194, 209
Thick Earth, an Ind., 54
Thief r., 69, 127, 130
Thief River falls, 127, 128
Thieves 1., 126
Thieving r., 130
Thifault, Basile, 554
Thilan-ottine, 532
Third Cherry p., 9
Thlamooyackoak, Thlaooyacko-
ack, 798, 799
Thobourn, Thobourne, Wm., 300
Thoburn, F., 782, 874
Thoburn, T., 871
Thoburn, Wm., 300
Thoebine, F., 782
Thogan r., trib. to Lake Superior,
was surveyed by some Americans in the fall of 1797. The
word is used appar. as
name of a weight or measure,
for D. Thompson speaks of
'J a thogan of pimmecahn,"
i.e., a. certain quantity of pemmican, July 7th, 1796
Thomas, an Iroquois, 652, 655, 668
Thomas' br. of Bear r., 884
Thompson cr., 673, 674
Thompson, David, 6, 12, 13, 14,
16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, I
28, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 45, 51,
55. 60, 63, 69, 79, 80, 82, 127,
128, 137, 164, 176, 187, 188,
193. 195. 202, 203, 207, 215,
216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 222,
223, 234, 237, 240, 253, 255, 266,
268, 269, 277, 278, 279, 280, 290,
291, 292, 293, 294, 297, 298, 299,
300, 301, 303, 304, 316,346,439,
440, 442, 443, 459, 460,465,466,
468, 470,471. 472,474, 475, 476,
477, 478,479, 481, 482, 484. 485.
486, 488, 489, 490, 492, 497, 498,
500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506,
507, 508, 509, 511, 512,548, 550,
"553.554. 555.557. 558, 560, 562,
564, 565, 566, 567, 569, 572, 573.
576, 578, 580, 581, 583, 584. 592,
598, 602, 605, 606, 607, 608,610,
611,612, 614, 626,627, 629, 630,
633. 634, 635, 637, 639, 640, 641,
642, 643, 644, 645,646, 647,648,
650, 651, 652,653, 654, 655, 656,
659, 660, 661, 662, 663,667, 668,
 669,670, 671,672, 673, 674. 675,
677. 678, 679. 683, 685, 686, 68g,
690, 692, 693, 694, 703,704, 705,
706, 707, 708, 709, 740, 747. 748,
760, 767, 777. 778, 782, 783,784,
868, 869, 870, 871, 872, 873, 874,
895, 897, 898
Thompson, H., 763
Thompson, J., 792, compare
Thomson, John
Thompson, J. B., 914
Thompson, John, 612, 760, compare Thomson, John
Thompson, M., 612
Thompson, Mr., at Astoria or
Fort George, unidentified,
760, 761, 762, 764, 851
Thompson's r., 783
Thompson sta., Mont, 674
Thomson, J., 255, compare next
Thomson, John, 511, 642, 760
Thomson, Mr., 222, compare last
Thorbeun, , 767, 782
Thorburn, Mr., of Hungry Hall,
477
Thorburn, Wm., 300
Thornburne ho., on upper Assiniboine r., appears on McKenzie's map of 1801
Thornburn, Mr., was at Finlay's
old Fort Riviere au Pas, 1789
Thornburn, Wm., 300
Thorn, Capt. Jonathan, 777, of the
Tonquin from New York
Sept. 6th, 1810, to the Columbia Mar. 22d, 1811, and from
Astoria June 5th, 1811; killed
on her
Thornhill, 4
Thorn, Jan
Thorn,
Those   Who   Have   Water   For
Themselves Only, 523
Three Bears, a chf., 542, 543
Three Bulls, a chf., 529
Three Hills cr., 618
Three Rivers, Kam. r., 220
Three Rivers, Quebec, 426
Thunder bay, 217, 220
Thunder cape, 220
Thunder Child res., 499, 501
Thunder hill, 300, 523
Thunder Hill cr., 299
Thunder, Old, a Cree, 587, 593
thunder-pumper, 448
Thuja occidentaiis, 466
Thyfouttana, , 573, 582
5X. IOI9
Tia, 913
Tiarks, J. L., 25
ticks, 180
tie-boy, 604
tigers, 817
Tdia americana, 14, 49
Tillamook Head, 755, 858
Tillamook Inds., 858, 867
Tisato, Jacques Quiter, Mohawk
Ind. voy. N. W. Co., Athabasca, 1804
Tissaragointe\ Th., voy. c.-m. N.
W. Co.,Rainy 1., 1804
Titons, 317, 358, 361, see Tetons
Toad islands, 458
Toadl., 146
Toad r., 146
Toan, 54
Tobacco cr., 63
tobacco, native, of the Missouri,
etc., 327, 402, is Nicotiana
quadrivalvis
Tobacco plains, 707
Tobacco Plains Kootenays, 550
Tobacco r., 707
Tobin's rap., 478
Toby cr., 508
Todd, Archibald, clerkN. W. Co.,
Lower Fort des Prairies, 1797,
arr. Grand Portage July 22d,
1797; arr. again there from
his post June 30th, 1798, and
left July 9th on the sloop that
sailed  with  packs on   Lake
Todd's Crossing of Battle r., 499,
636
675
Tomas, an Ind., at Rocky Mt. ho.
Opt, 1806, is probably Thomas
the Iroquois   •
Tomison, Mr., H. B. Co., 489
Tommy la Potac res., 568
Tongue Flag cr., 704
Tongue pt, 760, 771, 794, 828, 838,
839, 840, 844, 849,  850,   854,
860,   866,   867,   877,   878,   887,
890,  892,  903,  905,  909,   was
so named by  the   Astorians
May 2d, 1811
Tongue r., 81, 82, 83, 84, 118, 178,
195, 230, 239, 251, 267, 420, 434
Tongue River massacre, 260, 261
Tonquinian Astorians,  783,   788,
869, 873, 874, 882, 883
Tonquin massacre, 777
 Tonquin pt., in A. Ross, p. 69,
appar. for Tongue pt.
Tonquin, ship, 293, 303, 556, 603,
749, 752, 756, 759, 760, 764,
766, 773. 776, 777. 781. 787.
825,  852,  887,  893,  899
toothed herring, 444
tooth-shell, 753
Torch 1., 266, 873, 883, see Lac au
Flambeau
Toronto, Ont, 40, 187, 193, 202,
215, 226, 234, 268, 301, 442,
611, 705,  748, 874
Torrent r., 706
totem, 106
Totogon, Man., 1
Touche de la Cote Bucanieus, 614
Tourangeau, Antoine, engage" N.
W. Co., English r., 1799; wintered 1789-90 at Lac Vert
Tourbillion, an Ind., 576, 597
Tourelle, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Towner, N. Dak., 410
Tracy, Mr., English trader, killed
at the Michilimackinac massacre, June 4th, 1763
.Trade  p.,  472,   s
Traite
Traill co., N. Dak.
Tranqi
Tranquille,
Trans. Hist, and Sci. Soc. Manitoba, 426
travail, travaille, traverse, 142
Traverse bay, 27, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39
Traverse co., Minn., 145, 146
Traverse 1., 149
travois, 142
Treaty of Ghent, 24, 25
Tremblaie fort, 292
Tremblante r., 47
Tremblay, Alexis, interp. and voy.
c.-m. N. W.  Co.,   Nepigon,
Tremble, .engage N. W. Co.,
Lac au Flambeau, 1804
Tremblier fort, 292
trembliers, 49, 131
Trempe, Frangois, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Trempy 1. is found for Lake Winnipeg
Trenton, N. J., 842
Trepannier, Frangois, 870, 872
Tresbank sta., Man., 207
Troglodytes hiemalis pacificus,
755
Trois Rivieres, Que.; 443. 897
trout, 574
Trout 1., 574
Troye, Aimable, voy. N. W. Co.,
Red Lake dept., 1804
Troye, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Trudeau, , N. W. Co., Kam.,
1804
Trudelle, , or Prudelle, N. W.
Co., forks of Peace r., Jan.,
1803
Trysil, N. Dak., 147
tunas, 321
Turangeaux,  , engage N. W.
Co., on Sask. r., Sept., 1803
Turceau,   Aimable, voy.  N. W.
Co., English r., 1804
Turcot, Jean Baptiste, 667, 887
Turcot, Mr., 667
Turcotte, , 667, 669
Turcotte, Aimable, 667
Turcotte, Jean Baptiste, 667
Turcotte, Jean Baptiste, bis, 667
Turcotte, Jean Baptiste, ter, 862,
886
Turenne, Jean Baptiste, 301, 345
Turkey-buzzard r., 153
turkey-buzzards, 4, 147
Turner, Mr., H. B. Co., 489
Turner's lopt tree, 489
Turrenne, see Turenne
Turtle cr., 501, 502
turtle-dove, 8
Turtle fort, 501
Turtle 1., 501, 502
Turtle Lake r., 501
Turtle mt, 81, 306, 309, 311, 409,
410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 417
Turtle r., 216
Turtle r., br. of Mississippi r., 128
Turtle r., br. of N. Sask. r., 501,
506, 554, 561
Turtle r.,  br.  of Red r., 56, 82,
138,  139,  141.   151.  152,   204,
209,  251, 425,  428
Turtle River ho., 501
Turtle River, N. Dak., 138
Turtle r., trib. to Dauphin 1., 207
Turtle    r.,   trib.   to    Lake    Su-
Twelfth Day, 165
Twining, Maj. W. J., 25, 80, 309,
twisted wood, 172
 Two Islands, 480
Two Medicine cr., 524
Two Rivers, br. of Red r., 83, 85,
90, 120, 121, 126, 154, 436, 438
Two Rivers, Man., 207
Two Rivers, Minn., 114, 159
Two Rivers p., 217
Two Rivers, trib. to Lake Winnipeg, 460
EX. 1021
Upper Terre Blanche ho., or cr.,
on the Sask., 611, 614, 615,
617, 619, 620, 626, 627, 630,
631, 632, 633, 643, 647, 659,
666,  669,  670,  741,   742,  and
Upper White Earth or Mud ho.,
633. 74i. 743. and see last
Urocyon cinereo-argentatus, 820
Ursus americanus, 121
Ursus horribilis, 121
uthlecan, 786
U
ulichan, 787
Ulmus americana, 49
Umatilla r., 556, 844, 884
Umatillas, 827
Umfreville, E., 187, 188, 303, 311,
465, 504. 505. 53o, 733, 870
Umfreville's ho., 504, 505
Umprefurilee, Canalte, 870, 871
Unicorn, sloop, 762
Union Jack, 758, 770, 773, 780, 848,
894
Union Point, Man., 63
United Empire Loyalist, 189
United States, 6, 23, 24, 25, 26, 45,
63, 220, 308, 350, 373, 413, 462,
522, 706, 786, 842, 881, 914
United States chart of Lake Su-
United States Naval Service, 912
United States Northern Boundary
Commission, report, and survey, 26, 80, 309
Unjigah, Unshagah r., 510
Upper Chinookan tribes, 811, 812,
913
Upper Columbia 1., 300, 440, 606,
672, 706
Upper English r., 164, 199
Upper Establishment, 481, see
Rocky Mt. ho., on N. Sask. r.
Upper falls of the Winnepeek, 31
Upper Kootenays, 550
Upper Red Cedar 1., 150
Upper Red r., 45, 50, 51, 52, 199,
202, 203, 204, 212, 215, 227,
234, 245, 265, 276, 280, 282,
289, 303, 345. 424, 443, 554,
573, 591. 592, 610, 611, 612,
629, 630, 661, 778, 862, 872,
and see Assiniboine r.
Upper Strong Wood Crees, 623
Vaccinium macrocarpon, 82, 753,
I    859
Vaccinium ovatum, 753
Vaccinium oxycoccus, 82
Valade, Prince, N. W. Co., Fort
des Prairies, 1804
Vallada, Vallade, Rene, 578, 668,
669
Vallar,   Andri,   883, see  Vallee,
Andre
Valle, , 870
Valle,  jun., 598
Vall6, , one, 598, 604, 605, 606,
608, 609
Vall6, , one, 647
Valle, , sen., 598
Valle, Andre, 883
Valle, Augustin, 598
Vallee, , 870
Vallee, Vallie, Andr6,  881, 883,
884
Vall6, Louis, 598
Valla's wife, 603
Valley, a person, 735
Valley r., trib. to Dauphin 1., 207
Vallie, 870, see Valle, Vallee
Vancouver, Admiral Geo., 774
Vandal, Antoine, 442
Vandalle, Joseph, 442
Vandersluys, Jasper, bookkeeper
N. W. Co., at Fort William
Aug. 13th, 1816, when it was
captured   by  Lord  Selkirk;
his journal, Aug.  i2th-28th,
details the occurrences ; left
Aug. 28th, arr. Montreal Sept.
14th
Vandle, Pierre, 442
Vandette or Vaudette, , 606,
610, 668
 Mr.,
W.   Co.,
Athabasca, 1789
varangues are' certain pieces Of
hard wood used in building
canoes, contrasted with lisses
Varennes, P. G. de, 465, 873
varying hares, 559
Vase, Vas61., 468
Vaseux p., last, 9
Vasseur,  , a Canadian who
arrested Gov. R. Semple just
before latter was killed, June
19th, 1816
Vaudrie, Vaudril, Vaudry, Vean-
dier,Veandrie, Veaudrie, Veaudrie, Veaudry.Veiandre, Toussaint, 215, 225, 236, 259, 267,
276, 292, 295, 301, 303, 317,
332, 417,  422, 424, 438
Vendette, Frangois, 610
venereal disease, 836
V6randrie, 175, see Verendrye
Vercheres parish, 237
Verdier, Mr., 770
Verendrye, Sieur de la, 18, 20, 2;
27, 35, 37, 43, 45, 46, 127, 17!
176, 220, 290, 302, 341, 465, 48].
661,  873.     Forts   established
by himself or sons were :
Fort   St.   Pierre,    Rainy
2. Fort St. Charles, Lake  of
the Woods.    3. Fort Maurepas,   Winnipeg  r.    4.   Fort
Dauphin, Lake Manitoba.
Fort La Reine, Assiniboine
6.   Fort   Rouge,   Red   r.
Fort    Bourbon,     Cedar    '.
Sask.   r.   8.   Fort Poskoya .
Sask. r.    9.  Fort La Corne
(Nipawi), Sask. r.
Verennes, P. G. de, 302, see Varennes, Verendrye
Vermette,  , N. W. Co., Fort
Chipewyan, 1799-1800
Vermette, Joseph, voy. N. W. Co.,
Le Pic, 1804
Vermilion brook, 565
Vermilion cr., br. of N. Sask. r.
from the N., 744
Vermilion   1.,   on   Rainy  River
Vermilion 1., trib. to Sask. r., 564
Vermilion range in Rocky mts.,
Vermilion r., br. of Clark's fork,
673
Vermilion r., br. of Kootenay r.,
Vermilion r., br. of Sask. r., lower
or main, 506, 509, 524, 539,
544, 548, 552, 565, 576. 582,
595, and see Fort Vermilion
Vermilion r., br. of Sask. r., upper, small, 565, 570, 609, 632
Vermilion r., trib. to Dauphin 1,
Vermillion, see foregoing
Versailles, a person, 897
Versailles, Louis, engage" of Gregory, McLeod and Co., 1786,
left by Rod. McKenzie in
charge of house on Lac du
Serpent in June, 1787 ; on
Lower English r., 1799 ; same
name appears as of interp. N.
W. Co., English r., 1804
Vertefeuille, , 584
Vertefeuille, Jean Baptiste, voy.
N. W. Co., Athabasca, 1804
Viandrie, T., 304, see Vaudry
Viau, Jacques, of Baie Verte, on
Milwaukee r. for some years,
1818 and earlier; father-in-
law of S. L. Juneau
Viburnum edule, 82
Viburnum opulus, 82
Viburnum oxycoccus, 58, 82
Victoria, Alb., 563, 564
Victoria, Br. Col., 675
Vienna-, 558
Vienne, see Casse, Pierre
Vien, Pierre, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
Vient, Pierre, of N. W. Co., Kootenay ho., Mar., 1808, started
with A. McMillan Mar. ioth,
to return to Fort Augustus ;
was in the Rocky mts. with
D. Thompson, winter of 1808-
09 ; compare Vien and Vienne
Vierville, Gaultier, nephew of C.
M. Langlade; left Michilimackinac about 1798 for
Prairie du Chien, where he
lived with his son-in-law,
Michel Brisbois ; d. 1803, aged
ca. 65
Vieux Collier, 53, 56, 180, 285
Vieux Folle Avoine, 53, 209
Vigneron, Antoine, N. W. Co.,
Kam., 1804
Vigo, Col. Francis, 311
Ville a Mallet, 883
Villeneuve, Louis, voy. N. W.
Co., Nepigon, 1804
Villiard, , 668
 INDEX.                                                1023
Vincennes, Ind., 311
wampum, 753
Virer, 564
Wandering p., 218
Virginia fox, 820
Wandering r., 220
Virginian, 856
Wanotan, 263
Vitoria, Spain, 900
wapiti, 2, see elk, biche, red deer
Vivere, 564
Wappatoo Inds., 812
Vivier, Alexis, 301
wappatoo, waptoe, 777
Vivres, 564
Waquegante, 96
Vnipigon, 27, see Winnipeg
Waquetoe, 96
vocabularies,  534,   535, 536,  537,
war-club, 790
538, 714, 7i5, 7i6, 717, 718
Ward co., N. Dak., 313, 315
Voison, Pierre, 187
Ward, Jack, 608, 617, 620, 744
Ward, John, 632
Vulpes fulvus, 108
Vulpes velox, 723, 817
War Path r . 459
Vulture r., 147, 153
Warren, Admiral, 845
vultures, 4, 808, 817, see Cathartes
Warrener, Wm., 913, 914
and Pseudogryphus
Warren, Hon. W. W., 512
Warren, Minn., 126
W
Warren, Mr., 897
Warriors' r., 459
Wabano, 199
War Road r., 23
Wabano 1., 633
War-tent, 683
Wabasha, 273
Wasco, 812
Wabbano, 125
Washegamoishcam, 275
Wabeno, 125
Washington co., N. Y., 773
Wacalamus, 812
Washington, D. C, 331, 333, 675,
Wadin,  Mr., a Swiss, in 1779-80
786
at Lac la Rouge, Missinipian
Washington State, 673, 757, 801,
waters, was murdered there
864
by Peter Pond, or a clerk of
Washougal r., 798, 810
Pond's, or both of these, about
Washow bay, 445, 453,454
end of 1780 or beginning of
Wasough-ally r., 798
1781
Wasushkwatape r., 61
Wagetoat, 96
Waswanipi  ho., N.  W. Co.,   on
Wa-ge-tone, 427
lake of that name, headwaters
Wagefotahgun, 96
Waghorn, Alb., 637
Wahclellahs, 798
of Notaway r., trib. to James'
bay of Hudson's bay
Watab 1. and p., 10
Wahgekaut, 97
Water Hen, an Ind., 53, 209
Wahkiacum co., Wash., 833
Water Hen lakes, 207, 470, 574
Wahkiacum Inds., 812
Water Hen rivers, 207
Wah-ne-taw, 263
Watombaghenaton,     Gens     dn
Grand Diable;   there  was a
Waiilatpu,   Waiilatpuan   family,
819, 827
chf. called Grand Diable and
Waiquetoe, 55
Big Devil
Wakashan family, 778
wattap, 36, 804
Wakeman, Joseph, 868
Wattap r., 296, 297
Wakicums, 812
Wattasoons, 323
Wallace, Wm., 752, 759, 761, 794,
Waubeno, 125
S17, 820, 860, 862, 865, 874
Wauswaugoning bay, 7
Wallamitte r., 809, seeWillamette r.
Wawanesa, Man., 305
Wallawalla, 760, 884
Wa-wap r., 296, see Wattap r.
Wallawalla r., 882, 886
Wawbeno, 125
Wallawallas, 827
Wawonoisa, Man., 305
Walsh co., N. Dak., 82, 89, 90, 95,
Wawzhekwawmaishkoon, 97
138
Wayiletpu, 827
Walshville, N. Dak., 138
Wayne, Gen. A., 883
Wa-me-gon-a-biew, 257
Wayquatchewine, 205
 1024 IND
.  Wayquetoe, 54, 170, 190, 205
Webster, Milo, N. W. Co., Kam.
1804
Weedcr., 744
Weeks, John, 749, perished on the
Tonquin with the next
Weeks or Weekes, Stephen or Steven, armorer of the Tonquin
from N. Y. Sept. 6th, 1810, to
the Columbia Mar. 22d, 1811,
perished on her with, the last;
some suppose it was he, and
not clerk James Lewis, who
blew her up
Wee-suc-ha-jouck, 512
Welcome islands, 220
Welles, Jean Baptiste, voy. N. W.
Co., Lake Winnipeg, 1804,see
Wells, Baptiste
Welles, Wells, Mr., 425, 448, accountant N. W. Co., Grand
Portage July 22d, 1797, and
June 8th, 1798; arrived Cumberland ho. with 4 canoes from
Kam.  Sept.  ioth,  1805,   and
: . left with D. Thompson for
Rat River country; win-
: tered at Egg 1. with Louis
Fortin as interp.; was at Cumberland ho. again June 14th,
1806. Mr. Wells, N. W. Co.,
no doubt same person, was on
Red r., at mouth of Assiniboine r. at same time that
Mr. " Hanie " (Hugh Heney)
was; much about him in Tan-
ner'sNarr., pp. 181-186; death
noted, date uncertain, perhaps ca. 1815
Wells, Baptiste, N. W. Co., engaged with H. B. Co. in Aug.,
1816; probably same person
as Welles, Jean Baptiste,
which see
Wells co., N. Dak., 144
Wells, Samuel, voy. N. W. Co.,
Lake Winnipeg, 1804
Welsh Inds., 341
Wenagomo r., 55
Wentzel, Alexander, son of W.
F. Wentzel by a Montagnais,
b. at Isle a la Crosse; carpenter; married a half-breed
woman, name Lafert<$; built
the church at St. Norbert,
1855; left 4 sons, living at St.
Agatha in 1889
Wentzel, Willard Ferdinand, 216,
253, 581, 641, a Norwegian,
entered N. W. Co. as apprentice clerk Mar. 6th, 1799, and
served long and faithfully
with little reward or recognition, among the Northern
Inds. ■ Some dates and places
are : forks of McKenzie's r.
Mar. 27th, 1807; survived win-*
ter of 1810-11 on that river,
with nothing but skins to
eat from Dec 13th to Jan.
12th, and little else to Mar.
nth; Louis Lemai dit Pou-
drier, Frangois Pilon, and
Wm. Henry starved to death
at same place, winter of 1813-
14; Fort Franklin, Bear 1.,
winter of 1814-15; Fort Chipewyan May 28th, 1816; Rainy
Lake ho., Aug., 1818; Great
Slave 1., wintering, 1818-19-20;
Fort Enterprise, Winter 1.,
near Coppermine r. Mar.
26th, 1821; Fort Chipewyan
June 3d, 1822; McKenzie's r.,
1823-24. Mr. Wentzel accompanied Lieut. Franklin's first
Arctic expedition; it is supposed that less disaster, if
any, would have overtaken it
had his advice been regarded,
and also that he knew of some
horrible- things which were
never divulged. At Great
Bear 1. he married a Montagnais, by whom he had a son
Alexander, and a daughter
who became Mrs. Lariviere
and Mrs. Goulet. He wrote
to Hon. Roderic McKenzie
a series of important letters,
1807-24, pub.   in  Masson, I.
_..   PP-69-153 {o. v.)
Weskobug, 53, 97
Wesleyan  Missions, 499, 573, 635
West Lynn, Man., 79
West Indies, 788
West Road, 777
West Selkirk, Man., 42
West Washington, D. C, 505
Wetarhoo r., 843
Wetaskiwin sta., Alb., 635
Wettersoon, 323
Wheaton, Minn., 146
Whichhouse, Joseph, 913, 914
WhillWhetzvill., 794
Whinship, Capt., 795
 INDEX.                                               1025
White Buffalo Robe, an Ind., 659,
607,   see  White  Earth   ho.,
719, 721
lower,   and  Terre   Blanche,
white cedar,, 466
•White Clay r., 563
White Mud ho., old or upper, 507,
White, Dr., H. B. Co., killed with
563,   607,   see   Upper   Terre
Gov. R. Semple and others
Blanche
near Fort Douglas June 19th,
White Mud 1., 667
1816
White Mud r., br. of N. Sask. r.,
white earth, 190
lower, 563, see Terre Blanche
White Earth brook, br. of N. Sask.
White Mud r., trib. to Lake Mani-
r., lower, 563
White Earth cr., br. of N. Sask.
White Mud r., trib. to Lake Win
r. from the S., 634, 743
nipeg, 259 (compare 452), 451
White Mud wintering houses of
White Earth ho., lower, 602 to end
of the chapter, and see Terre
1801-02, N. W. Co., 418
Blanche
White Partridge, an Ind., 53, 154
White Earth ho., upper or old,
white partridges, 687
643.
White Plains, Man., 288
White Earth 1., 563
White r., a name of Winnipeg r.,
White Earth p., 28, 34
27, 32
White Earth res.,  141, 143, 146,
White r., trib. to Lake Manitoba,
147. 205
207, 208, see White Mud r.
White Earth r., br. of N. Sask. r.,
White Rock hill, 409
563, 584, 624,  and see  Terre
White Salmon cr., 750
Blanche
White's ho.  was on Missinipian
White Earth r., br. of Wild Rice
waters in 1793
r., 205
Whitewater 1., 414, 415
White Earth r„ trib. to Lake Win
Whitewater sta., Man., 414
nipeg, 451
whitefish, 624
whitewood, 14, 49
Whitewood portages, 14, 15
Whitefish bay, 23
Whitey's Narrows, 472
Whitefish 1., Lake of the Woods,
Whitson's p., 17
23
Who Calls r., 300, see Qu'Appelle]
Whitefish 1., upper Sask. region,
47i. 573. 613
Whulwhaipum, 827
"  Whitefordl., 564
Wicked pt, two of them, on Lake
white geese, 599, 752, 756
Winnipeg, 456, 459, 460
white goats, 682
Wickett pt., 460
Whitehall, Washington co., N. Y.,
wickiup, now   a common name,
773
throughout the West, of any
.    rude temporary shelter like a'
White Head, a Piegan, 671
White Horse plains, 211, 288
hut or hovel,  is said to be
White 1., 633
from    an  Algonquian   word
White Lake cr., 633, 741
rendered mikiouaps, meaning
White Loon, an Ind., 274
a conical leather lodge, wig-"
Whitemouth 1., r., and sta., 33
White Mud brook, br. of N. Sask.
Wide r., 220
r. from the S., 634
Widseor, Richard, 913, 914
White Mud Brook ho., 563, see
Wilcox,  Samuel, engage  N. W.
Lower Terre Blanche ho. and
Co.
White Earth ho., lower
wildcats, 206, 817
White Mud cr., br. of N. Sask. r.
wild cherry, 816
from the S., 634, 743
wild geese, 172
White Mud cr., br. of N. Sask. r.
Wild Goose r., 17, 217
upper, 741
wild horses, 708
White Mud fort, old, 633, see Up
wild pigeons, 4
per Terre Blanche ho.
Wild Rice, a chf., 53, 209
White Mud ho., new or lower, 278,
Wild Rice, N. Dak., 147
 1026 IND
Wild Rice r., br. of Red r., 143,
147. 150, 205, 427
Wilkes, Commodore, 767
Wilkie, Alexander, 259, 267, 274,
276, 281
Wilkin co., Minn., 145, 146
Wilkinson, , H. B. Co., killed
with Gov. Semple and others
near Fort Douglas, June 19th,
1816
Willamette falls, 812, 863
Willamette Inds., 765, 797, 881
Willamette packs, 861
Willamette post, 753, 776
Willamette r., 253, 268, 289, 303,
443. 752, 757, 759, 76o, 765,
780, 786, 787, 788, 794, 796,
797, 810, 812, 813, 814, 815,
818, 820, 821, 825, 826, 827,
829, 830, 834, 836, 837, 854,
856, 857, 860, 862, 863, 869,
872,  879,   882,   886,  890,   892
Willamette slough, 810
Willamette tour, 781
Willard, A., 914
Willetpoos, 827
William cr., 703
Williams, Gov., 457
Williamstown, Ont., 189
William, Th., voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort Dauphin, 1804
Willis, John, 255
Willock, 605
Willoughby. Mrs. Capt., 214
willow, 49, 320
Willow cr., br. of Mouse r., 310,
411, 412
Willow   cr., br.  of Red Deer r..
Willow Inds., 335, 344, 374
Willow islands, 451
Willow pt, 451, 457
Willow r., 301
Wilson r., 207
Windermere 1., 508, 606, 672, 677
Windr., 844
Wind River mts., 884
Windsor, Mr., arr. Grand Portage
July 5th, 1798
Winepegon, Winepic, 27, see Win-
Wi-nipa,   Winipeg,    Winipegon,
Winipic, Winipick, Win-nepe,
Winnepeck,   Winnepeek,   27,
see Winnipeg
Winnibigoshish 1., 21, 150
Winnipeg City, Man., 27, 43, 44,
51, 55, 185, 189, 193. 201, 214,
224, 249, '279, 288, 346
Winnipeg ho., 35, 216, 277, 608,
611, see Bas de la Riviere and
Fort Alexander
. P?S
. 37. t
e Winnipeg
:,  26, 27,31, 33,
,  224, 451,
Winnipegon, 27, s
Winnipeg r., 6,
34. 35. 36, 16
505. 553. 608, 630, 870
Winnipic, 27, see Winnipeg
Winship, Capt., 828
Wintering hills, 618
Winter Roadr., 21, 22
Wiscoup, 53, 67, 163, 190
Wiser, Peter, 914
Wishram vill., 844
wolf, 156
Wolf brook, br. of Battle r., 636
Wolf brook, br. of N. Sask. r., 740
Wolf cr., br. of Battle r., 636, 637
Wolf cr., br. of Missouri r., 321
Wolf cr., br. of N. Sask. r., 739,
74o
Wolf hills, 638
Wolf Man Chief, 368
Wolf r., br. of Red Deer r., 636,
637. 638, 639, 665
Wolf's Tent, 396
Wolf Track meadows, 636, 637
Wollaston 1., also called Hatchet
1., on divide between Arctic
and Hudson's Bay waters,
runs one way into the Missinipi system and another into
the Athabascan
Wolsleyl., 17
wolverene, 694
wolves, 156, 166, 817
Wood cr., 313
Wooded Islets r., 66
Wood End, 311, 412, 415.
Wooden Ears, an Assiniboine, 597
Wood Horse p., 12
Wood 1., 22, see Lake of the Woods
woodland reindeer, 285
Wood p., 26
wood rat, 749
wood ticks, 180
Woodvile cr., 884
Woody 1., 22, see Lake of the
Woods
Woody pt., 753
Woody Point p., 31
wrens, 755, 835
Wyeth, Capt. Nathaniel J., exped.
 overland to the Columbia in
1834,  see  J.  K. Townsend's
Narr., 8vo, Philadelphia, 1839
Wylie, Man., 127
Xanthoxylum americanum, r
X. Y. Co., 7, 48, 52, 63, 187,'
190,  193,  195,  204,  205,   207,
si8,   :
225,   23]
232, 239, 240, 242,  245, 25:
252, 253, 255, 256,  257, 268,
269, 278, 280, 282,   297, 298,
301, 474, 487, 561,   569, 583,
610, 784, 876
Yaack, Yahk r.. 707
Yaketahnoklatakmakanay, 550
Yam, a person, 860
Yamhelas, Yamils, 812, 819, 820,
Yampa eaters, Yamparika,
Yankton,   Yanktong   Inds.
358, 361
Yarn, Yarns, George, voy. N. W
Co., Lac au Flambeau, 1804
otherwise heard of, 1794-
Yauk r., 707
Yehuhs, 798
Yellow Banks, 489, 490
Yellow Bird, an Ind., 655
Yellow Earth p., 28
Yellowhead pass, 640, 642
Yellow Knives, 524
Yellow r., 812, 815, 860
Yellowstone, Yellow Stone r., 302,
462, 720, 735, 843
Yohkh r., 707
York, a negro, 914
York Factory, 41,  189, 463, 465,
466, 474, 475, 479,484, 489, 545,
558, 600, 667
York r., 38, 465, 473, formerly R.
Ste. Therese and Hayes r.
Young, John, 847
Young's bay, 750, 755, 756, 769
Young's r., 750, 751, 766, 771, 7S1,
826, 838, 877, 878
Young, Thomas, voy. N. W. Co.,
Fort des Prairies, 1804
yutao, 756
263,
823
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under the direction of
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Copyright, Francis RHarper 1896.
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