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BC Historical Books

Settler's guide to Victoria and Island, British Columbia Victoria and Island Publicity Bureau 1924

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 VANCOUVER TOURIST BUREAU
LOBBY, HOTEL VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER  so good that they draw pupils not only from the rest
of Canada but also from North America generally and
the European colonies in the Orient.
Outdoor games and sports are played all the year
round, while hunters and fishermen come to Vancouver
Island annually from all quarters of the globe. Despite
the fact that large numbers of people come to Victoria
under doctors' orders, the general death rate is very
low, while the infantile mortality is the lowest for any
city of the same size in the whole world.
Besides their residential charm, the city of Victoria
and Vancouver Island generally offer rich opportunities
to the man of initiative, capacity and ambition who
comes determined to help in the exploiting and marketing of the natural resources — timber, minerals, fish,
and agricultural produce, with which Victoria and the
Island generally are so bountifully blessed.
When you have read this little brochure you may
desire further information. If so, please communicate
with the undersigned, and you will receive a reply, if
possible, by return mail.
THE
Victoria & Island Publicity Bureau
George   I.   Warren,   Commissioner
P. O. Box No. 608
Belmont House Victoria, B. C, Canada
" PARADISE  FOUND ! "
Victoria, B. C. The City of Happy Homes
The experience of our 35 years in the Real Estate Business
places us in a position to give the most reliable advice
regarding—
VICTORIA AND ISLAND PROPERTY FOR SALE
Also on—
INVESTMENTS, MORTGAGES, VALUATIONS, ETC.
or Information valuable to  Prospective Settlers.
Enquiries  Always  Appreciated.
SWINERTON & MUSGRAVE
Real Estate, Financial and Insurance Agents
One of the "Old Reliable" Firms.
640 FORT STREET VICTORIA, B. C.
'mm
■
Farm Lands
Dairy,    Poultry    and    Mixed
Farms.    Small Holdings.
Cattle, Sheep & Fruit Ranches
Residential Properties
Beautiful homes, small or
large, in town or country, for
sale or lease.
Sporting Estates
Valuators and Estate Agents.
II!
Mi
?iir m *
fifim,   .^-s&ssdijyi
lilii
Careful Attention to Every Inquiry
Mortgages
Large or small amounts invested or raised on secure
First Mortgage on Productive
Farm, Business or Residential
Properties.
Bonds and Stocks
All Government and other
first-class securities bought
and sold.
Insurance
of any class written.
We specialize in
Timber Lands and Leases.
PEMBERTON & SON
PEMBERTON BUILDING
Established 1887
VICTORIA, B. C. The Lure and Charm of Victoria
Because Victoria is recognized as the premier residential city of the Pacific Coast, some people may
imagine that all homes here are mansions, and land
and buildings expensive. In reality beautifully located
building sites are cheaper in Victoria to-day than in
any other western city of
similar   size,   and   with   not
half    its    advantages,    while _:JfcLiu_
despite the increase during
recent years in material and
labour, houses cost less in
Victoria than anywhere else
on the Pacific Coast.
Many newcomers like to
buy a house and lot, but
there are others who have
their own ideas and ideals
which they wish to see take
form in timber, stone or
stucco, as the case may be.
Many of the most beautiful
homes in Victoria, large and
small,   have   been   built   by
A Glimpse of a Victoria Public Park
such newcomers who, catching some new beauty of
landscape, seascape or local environment have, aided
by an architect, built homes that one feels are ideally
suited to their settings.
It   is   because   of   the   resultant   individuality  in   its
homes that Victoria holds
such a universal charm; for
not only has every street
some distinctive feature, but
also almost every house,
bungalow and cottage.
While owing to the mild
climate one does not want
a house built to withstand
the rigors of the north, yet
one does want a building
that has the stability that
is indicated in the Anglo-
Saxon word " home." In
consequence the great majority of Victorian homes
are substantially constructed
to delight and endure. SHAWNIGAN LAKE
PREPARATORY SCHOOL
A   CHURCH   of   England   boarding   school   for
boys,   ideally  situated   on   Shawnigan   Lake,
400  feet  above  sea  level,  thirty miles  from  Victoria.    Cricket, football, swimming, tennis, and all
outdoor sports.
♦
For particulars apply to :—
C. W. LONSDALE,
Shawnigan Lake,
Vancouver  Island, B. C.
Prospective Vancouver Island
Home Builders
We manufacture every kind of Woodwork that
goes into the building of homes.
We are one of the oldest and best known Companies in Western Canada.
If you wish any information on the subject of
home building on Vancouver Island, our services
are at your disposal.
Lemon Gonnason Company
LIMITED
VICTORIA, B.C.
CANADA
For Canadian Business Success
Canadian Business Methods are Essential
THE SPROTT - SHAW BUSINESS  INSTITUTE has as
its   purpose   the   teaching   of   Canadian   business   methods.
It is a private and business
institution, and therefore
endeavours to serve all society. No matriculation
examination is necessary,
as those who have not had
the opportunity to obtain a
good primary education
may do so here.
The school is essentially
a training school, and is
equipped  with   every  useful
and practicable business system and device, and the student
receives  expert instruction in the very latest methods  and
practices.
All   our   instructors    are   specialists.    In   choosing   our
teachers  we  give more weight to  practical  experience  than
merely theoretical training.
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
Commercial Secretarial Radio  Telephony
Stenography Higher  Accounting     Civil  Service
Combined Radio   Telegraphy       Preparatory
Academic
For further particulars :
Mr.  JAMES H.   BEATTY,   Managing  Director
Rocklands  Academy
SPROTT - SHAW BUSINESS INSTITUTE
VICTORIA, B. C.
She JTairfirift 2fofc>l
wumssms,
Centrally located at Douglas and Cormorant
Streets, is a moderately priced, all modern, fireproof residential hotel catering especially to the
needs of the traveller who is looking for home
comfort for himself and family.
56 rooms, some house-keeping and kitchenettes.
Terms: Single from $1.00 a day; $6.00 a week.
Double $1.50 a day; $8.50 a week.
Special terms for families.
Phone 3292 O
H. Lineham, Proprietor.  and corn being raised, and there are many outstanding
herds of Jerseys and other pure-bred stock. Poultry-
farming and seed production are also profitable, and
small-fruit growing is on the increase. Duncan, 42
miles north of Victoria, is the commercial centre of
this thriving district.
The Nanaimo District includes agricultural areas at
Ladysmith, Cedar, Nanaimo, and Wellington ; the
majority of the holdings are small, except at Cedar ;
there is, generally speaking, much fine farm land in
these districts yet uncultivated. All sorts of grain do
well, also small fruits, market-garden crops, and poultry. Nanaimo is also famous for its bituminous coal
fields.
The Nanoose District includes settlements at Parks-
ville, Errington, Coombs and Qualicum. Parksville is
100 miles from Victoria, and one of the older settlements. Dairying, small fruits and poultry are the best
lines to follow.
The Alberni District, on the west coast, comprises
the area drained by several rivers and streams running
into the Alberni Canal; the two towns, Alberni and
Port Alberni, are about two miles apart. The Alberni
Canal is a natural fiord from 2 to 5 miles wide running
up to Port Alberni, some 40 miles from the open ocean.
The agricultural area is about 15 miles long by 4 miles
wide, and consists of a variety of soils, chiefly red
loam; there are also bottom lands with rich black soil.
Mixed farming and fruit-growing do well.
The Comox District is one of the largest connected
areas of land suited to agriculture on Vancouver
Island ; the lands are of a rolling-bench character
between the mountains and the sea, some 40 miles long,
with an average width of 7 miles,, a part being heavily
timbered, while other parts consist of marshes and
beaver meadows that can be profitably reclaimed
The chief agricultural settlements are at Courtenay,
Comox and Sandwick, while Cumberland is chiefly
noted for its coal-mines. Dairying has been developed
successfully to a large extent, butter - making and
poultry-raising being important industries; also oats
and roots and all forage-crops do well. The town of
Courtenay is 140 miles north of Victoria.
There are estimated to be 40,000 acres of good
farming land in the valley of the Salmon River, in the
Sayward District. The soil being clay loam or silt is
well adapted for mixed farming. There are large areas
of logged-off lands awaiting development, which is
slow, partly owing to lack of through road communication via Campbell River to southern parts of the island.
Communications at present are through Port Kusam,
at the mouth of the Salmon River, and Vancouver, on
the mainland, distant 150 miles.
Aside from the main island, there are numerous
smaller ones in the straits between it and the Lower
Mainland, many of which are already well settled and
under cultivation, such as Saltspring, Pender, Mayne,
Galiano, Thetis, Gabriola, Denman and Hornby Islands,
H. W. DICKIE
REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS
FARM LANDS — MORTGAGES
COUNTRY HOMES
H. W. DICKIE, DUNCAN
Vancouver Island British Columbia
BE SURE to Visit COMOX VALLEY, Vancouver Island
Before Locating Elsewhere
Mild   Climate — Excellent   Sport — Fertile   Land
F. R. Fraser Biscoe
Oldest Established Real Estate firm in the District
A good list of property in the COMOX VALLEY
BISCOE BLOCK Phone 64 COURTENAY, B. C.
Phone 19
MATTHEW STOREY
INSURANCE and REAL ESTATE
Dominion Theatre Buildings, Bastion St., NANAIMO, B.C.
Representing among other good  Companies  the
Fidelity-Phenix   Fire   Insurance   Company   of   New   York.
PARKSVILLE FARM LANDS ARE FAMOUS
Full   Particulars   from—
E. D. Thwaites
REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS
PARKSVILLE, V. L, B. C.
Cable Address:   "Thwaites," Parksville. B. C. 500,000 UNDEVELOPED WATER POWERS
Electrical  Energy Waiting to be  Harnessed by Man
Not   only  has  Vancouver  Island  a  practically  unlimited supply of the best bituminous coal to be found
on the whole Pacific Coast,
but also owing to its topographical configuration every
part of the Island is within
easy commercial reach of
large water powers that can
be easily and cheaply harnessed for the use of man.
It is officially estimated by
experts that many of the falls
on these Island rivers will
produce over 20,000 h.p., while
the falls on the famous Campbell River will give over 70,000
continuous  horse  power.
The total known undeveloped water power on Vancouver Island is estimated at
over 500,000 h.p. When considering the commercial utilization of this power, it should
be remembered that little or
no provision need be made
against winter conditions, and
also that the water powers are all either close to tidal
waters and excellent deep water natural harbours, or
actually adjoining the same.
Some of the Vancouver Island falls
have already been
harnessed for man's
use, such as the Jordan River Power
Plant of the British
Columbia Electric
Railway Company
and the Municipal
and Mining Plants
in the Comox Valley. It will be of
interest to know
that wherever the
Island water falls
have been utilized
commercially the
ventures have
proved entirely successful.       Power   is
50,000  h.p.   Running  Wild
quired to help market and manufacture the vast natural
resources in minerals and timber now lying ready for
exploitation, and these water powers are ready to hand
and easy to develop.
In short, the wonderful water powers on Vancouver
Island are waiting
for man to develop
them, as are indeed
practically all the
other wonderful natural resources at
present lying dormant here. And with
the quickly awakening Orient, only just
across the Pacific,
as a hungry market
for all that can be
manufactured here,
fortunes must surely
await the men who,
bringing experience
and energy, come
here and supply the
demands of Asia and
indeed also the rest
most    certainly    re-
Just a typical Island Waterfall
of the world to-day.
Phone 10
GEO. J. HARDY
Notary Public        -:-        Land Agent and Auctioneer
COURTENAY, B. C.
Established 1911 IS    YOUR    OPPORTUNITY    HERE ?
The following list of industrial openings and opportunities in Victoria and on the Island generally was compiled
by the members of the Victoria Rotary Club, all of whom are local business men and therefore conversant with
local industrial conditions.    It must be clearly understood, however, that this list is in no way exhaustive.
Slate Quarries
Cabinet Making
Grain Elevator
Silk Industry
Tannery (leather)
Oil Refinery
Fish Curing
Large Creamery
Glove Making
Sheep Raising
Match Factory
Boots & Shoes
Hat Factory
Auto Assembly Plant
Turbine Water Wheels
Nail Factory
Alining
Poultry
Aerated Waters
Fruit Extracts
Textile Spinning Mills
Wood Pulp & Paper Mill
Broom & Brush Factory
Lumber Assembling Plant
Implement Factory
Blast Furnace & Smelter
Ink & Paste
Bicycle Factory
Peanut Butter
Glass Factory
Milk Evaporator
Twine & Rope
Jam Factory
Box Shooks
Moving Pictures
Flour Mills
Wine Distillery
Wood Veneering
Seed Growing
Turpentine Extraction Plant
Utilizing Lumber Waste
Paper, Jute & Cotton Bags
Kelp & its by-products
Fox & other Fur Farming
Ladies' Dresses & Woollen Clothes
Household China & Pottery
Fruit Growing & Mixed Farming
Medium Class & Common Furniture
Railway & Freight Car Factory
Fruit & Vegetable Canning
Ship & Small Boat Building
Do you not sometimes long for a spot in a delightful, balmy climate, where Nature always smiles upon your
efforts ?    With that vision in mind, consider the opportunities suggested above in Victoria and vicinity.
EXCELLENT INDUSTRIAL SITES ON DEEP WATER, WITH TRACKAGE FACILITIES, IN THE
HEART OF VICTORIA, CAN BE LEASED FROM THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT AT NOMINAL
RENTALS.
For descriptive Literature on Agricultural and Industrial possibilities, apply to—
VICTORIA AND   ISLAND   PUBLICITY   BUREAU,
George I. Warren, Commissioner. Victoria, B. C. SMALL FRUITS AND SMALL HOLDINGS
The southern end of Vancouver Island is coming
into its own as a wonderful fruit - growing district.
Experts in this branch of agriculture declare that
there are no strawberries on the American continent
which equal those grown in the fertile Saanich Peninsula adjacent to Victoria. There is no other strawberry to match this fruit in flavour, in colour and in
keeping qualities. This makes them an ideal shipping
fruit. This year there were over 1,200,000 baskets of
these berries shipped to the Canadian Prairies alone.
While it must be understood that the whole of
south Vancouver Island is not adapted for fruitgrowing, probably fifty per cent will be found ideal for
this purpose. In choosing land for this branch of
industry, a light sandy loam with a clay sub-soil is
best, well drained, and with a southern slope.
Next to the strawberry, the loganberry—which is a
cross between the blackberry and the raspberry—has
been most successfully produced. It is a delicious
fruit, either in the fresh state or made into jam, and
grows to a very large size. Trellises are prepared for
the vines, which grow rapidly and bear prolifically
from season to season. This is a fruit seldom attacked
by pests, and needs no replanting. Like the raspberry
and blackberry, it continues to bear for years, or so
long as it is cultivated. Raspberries are a good crop.
Gooseberries produce excellent results. Black currants
bring good returns, and rhubarb thrives splendidly.
Among the pit fruits, cherries easily take first place,
vying with those from anywhere on the North American continent in colour, quality and quantity.
Italian prunes and plums of all kinds do very well.
Apples and pears are successfully grown, but there
are few commercial orchards, and this branch of the
fruit industry has been more or less neglected, other
fruits bringing quicker returns.
Poultry farming, when conducted by experienced
men in a businesslike way, has proved to be one of the
most profitable branches of agriculture. Some of the
most successful poultry breeders in Canada are located
on Vancouver Island.
Egg production pure and simple is the mainstay of
most of the poultry farms, although a few ranchers
find the production of table poultry profitable.
Geese and ducks thrive wonderfully on the Island.
COWICHAN DISTRICT
FARM LANDS
SMALL HOLDINGS
COUNTRY ESTATES
POULTRY RANCHES
And TIMBER
Are World Famous
Full   particulars   about   any   of   the   above   gladly   sent   on
request   by—
J. H. Whittome & Co., Ltd.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS  AND
INVESTMENT BROKERS
DUNCAN
Vancouver Island British Columbia VICTORIA
THE CAPITAL CITY
    OF   	
BRITISH COLUMBIA
I
.:  . ■.; .
S the first and last Canadian port of call fc
Victoria is also the natural outlet for tl
copper and other minerals, fish and agric
A GLIMPSE OF VICT
About Victoria and
INFORMATION   OF   INTEREST
Vacant  and  unreserved  surveyed  Crown  lands  on Vancouver  Island  can  be   obtained by settlers  by  pre-emption
under the  Land Act.    Any British subject being head of a
family, a widow, a femme sole over eighteen years of age
and self-supporting, a woman deserted by her husband, or
a bachelor over eighteen years  of age ;   or an alien, upon
making declaration of intent to become a British subject, can record pre-emption of 160
acres on payment of a recording fee of $2.00. He can obtain title after fulfilling the
conditions of occupation and improvement after five years, having made improvements
to value of $10.00 per acre, including clearing and bringing under cultivation five acres.
The total payment required is $14.00—including $2.00 for recording fee, $2.00 for certificate of improvement and $10.00 for Crown grant.
Vacant and unreserved Crown land may be purchased or leased under the Lan.l
Act for agricultural purposes. The price for first-class, or arable, land is $5.00 per
acre, and for second class, or pasture land, $2.50 per acre.
Provision  is also made under the  Provincial  Land Act for  leases  of 20 acres of
vacant and unreserved Crown lands subject to erection of a dwelling within a year at
rental of 5% based on valuation of $10.00 an acre, and title can be obtained after occupation for 5 years, subject to the land, if un-
surveyed, being surveyed at lessee's expense.
The  homesite  leases  provide  opportunity for
fishermen,   prospectors   and   others   to   obtain
land for settlement on the shore, or elsewhere and carry on seasonal avocations
and at other times cultivate their holding.
An area, covering 2,110,000 acres, east of a line running northwestward to the
50th parallel at Crown Mountain, north of a line between Otter Point and the
head of Saanich Inlet, and with the shoreline as the eastern boundary, is included
in the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Grant, given about fifty years ago to the
railway company in consideration of building the Island railway.    Lands within
this area are  owned and  administered by  the  Esquimalt  &  Nanaimo   Railway
Company, which maintains a Land Office at Victoria.
There are approximately, in addition to the lands taken up — settlement of
Parliament Buildings
TIMBER RESOURCES
Douglas   Fir 	
Red Cedar 	
Hemlock	
Balsam  	
Spruce    	
White  Pine  	
Lodge-pole Pine
Yellow Cypress .
Total-
El Hi
ill ships sailing to or from the Orient, to South America and to the Eastern States and Europe via the Panama Canal,
vast natural resources of Vancouver Island, which include practically inexhaustible quantities of high-grade coal, iron,
ural products, and over twenty billion feet of merchantable timber.   The resources are here but the population is lacking.
IA'S  BUSY  WATERFRONT
ier Island Kingdom
'O   THE   INTENDING   SETTLER
Vancouver Island has. proceeded since the earliest days of
British Columbia, and in addition to the large area held as
timberlands   under  timber   license,   lease,  or  other  form  of
tenure — about a thousand surveyed, vacant and unreserved
lots.    There is also a considerable area of unsurveyed land
vacant and unreserved.
The larger proportion of the vacant and unreserved surveyed Crown Lands are  in Rupert district at the northern
part of the Island; on Malcolm Island, off the northeast coast  on  Nootka and nearby islands  off the  west  coast ;   on
Ucluelet   and   Hesquiat   peninsulas   in   Clayoquot  district ;    and there are scattered lots in various other portions.
Much of Vancouver Island is forested, and a considerable portion is mountainous. Most areas in which lands suitable for agriculture are found require clearing. Lands which contain timber in excess of 8,000 feet, board measure, to
the acre are not open for pre-emption, being reserved as timber lands by the Crown. Lumbering is an important
island industry. The forests are a great potential resource. On the east some 1.350 square miles of forest carry 30,000
feet or more to the acre — some stands being so dense that they cruise 100,000 feet to the acre; 1.700 square miles carry
from 10,000 to 30,000 feet to the acre, and 2.290 square miles have young forest growth under 10,000 feet per acre. On
the west 1.035 square miles carry 30,000 feet or more to the acre, 1.515 square miles from 10,000 to 30,000 feet and 1.535
square miles under 10,000 feet per acre.
The timber industry is largely developed, some fifty mills  being operated,  including shingle  mills,  and  sixteen  mills
have output of over 7,000 carloads. There is also a large pulp mill at Port Alice
on Quatsino Sound and a pulp mill was built at Beaver Cove on Johnstone Strait.
Crown timber can be obtained by timber sale. Particulars respecting conditions, etc., can be obtained on application to the Forest Branch, Dept. of Lands.
Water Rights are administrated by the Water Rights Branch, Department of
Lands, from which particulars can be obtained regarding conditions under which
rights may be obtained to water for power or other development purposes.
While as stated above wild lands can be homesteaded on Vancouver Island,
newcomers are strongly advised to locate in or on the edge of an existing settlement, and to buy improved or partly improved farms, acreage or small holdings.
Such districts as Saanich, Metchosin, Sooke, Cowichan, Chemainus, Nanaimo,
Ladysmith, Parksville, Coombs, Alberni, Qualicum and Comox offer perhaps the
best inducements to a man desirous of farming or living in the country, while of
course Victoria is unequalled as a residential City.
J VANCOUVER
ISLAND
Saw Material    P
iling & Poles
Pulp-wood
  43,511,365
1,300,000
  27,884,450
825,000
  28,095,435
1,790,000
1,970,000
  11,027,805
1,150,000
     3,781,990
         761,785
225,000
           16,445
1,833,645
116,922,900
3,915,000
3,345,000 The B. C. Land and
Investment Agency
Limited   *
ESTABLISHED    .1863
REAL ESTATE
Financial and Insurance Agents
Agents for Phoenix Assurance  Co., Ltd.
of London, England
RESIDENTIAL, BUSINESS
AND FARM PROPERTY
FOR SALE
HEAD OFFICE        -        -       LONDON, ENG.
 HEAD OFFICE FOR B. C.	
922 GOVERNMENT ST.
VICTORIA, B. C.
Harold Fleming's
PHOTOGRAPHS
OF VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND
ARE FAMOUS
If you desire views of any of the scenic attractions of Victoria and her Island Kingdom write
to—
HAROLD FLEMING
SCENIC AND COMMERCIAL PHOTOGRAPHER
1014 Government Street
VICTORIA, B. C.
N.B.—Finishing and Enlarging.  Amateur Work a Specialty
LET YOUR RENT MONEY
BUY YOUR HOME
To responsible persons  I will build homes on monthly
payments  of $10.00  on each $1000.00 put  in the house,  on
small  payment   down.
D. H. BALE
BUILDER
Cor. Fort and Stadacona Avenue
Phone 1140
Victoria, B. C.
Victoria
is
A CITY of HOMES
We have extensive listings
of properties of all classes
and invite inquiries from
-: intending purchasers   :-
BRETT & KER, LTD.
623   FORT   STREET
VICTORIA VICTORIA'S FAMOUS CLIMATE
By F. NAPIER DENISON
Director Dom.  Meteorological Observatory,  Victoria
VICTORIA "' -
BRIGHTON eNG.
TORONTO -
SEATTLE -
BELFAST Ireland -
CLEVELAND -
MONTREAL -
PHILADELPHIA -
CARDIFF wales 
BOSTON       m
NEWyORK 
ATLANTA      -
NEW ORLEANS
HALIFAX N.S
VANCOUVER
HONGKONG
The climate of the southern portion of Vancouver
Island including Victoria and
the beautiful Saanich Peninsula greatly resembles that
of the south of England including the Channel Islands,
and compares favourably
with other important centres
in the States of Washington
and Oregon.
The winters are also remarkably mild and the summers cool, the average temperature of the coldest month
(January) being 39 degrees
F., and for the warmest
months (July and August) 63. The delightfully cool
summers and mild winters are due to this portion of
the Island being surrounded almost on three sides by
the ever changing tidal waters of the Pacific, in conjunction with the invigorating sea breezes.
Few   fogs   are   reported   here,   and   thunderstorms
seldom occur.
The   heaviest   precipitation   on   Vancouver   Island
occurs along its western
seaboard, caused by the      ,  _          —„.,.
moisture laden air from
the Pacific being forced 9
up the West Coast
Mountain slopes to
colder levels, where it
condenses and falls as
rain. The average yearly fall exceeds 100 inches on the West Coast,
whereas on the eastern
side of the island it is
much less, ranging from
27 inches at Victoria to
37 inches at Nanaimo, „
and about 60 inches at
Campbell River. The
winter months are the
wettest throughout the
Island, and in some
years the cold weather
which usually spreads
southeastward from the
Yukon into the Prairie
Provinces extends southward to the Island,
causing some snow and
low temperatures which
are of short duration.
Summer „
Day^f
Temperature
itv
victoria
61°'
Afaaqe
tUinter
Day
Tempo*
ature
iw
Mom
\rw
above
Victoria's  Golf  Courses  are World  Renowned
So far Mr. Napier Deni-
son. Now the question will
naturally arise in the mind of
the intending settler, " Does
Canada want settlers?" Yes,
Canada wants settlers, both
men and women, but these
settlers must be of the best
type mentally, morally and
physically, and it is well to
recognize that while Canada
encourages immigration it is
not in the interests either of
Canada or the intending settler that the movement
should exceed Canada's powers of absorption. Settlers
do not pay a tax on entering Canada, but as a rule
settlers are required to be in possession of a certain
amount of money at time of entry. The purpose of
the money test is first, to prevent a person entering
Canada without sufficient funds to look after himself
in case he is unable to secure employment immediately
and secondly, to protect Canada against an oversupply
of any class of labour for which there may not be a
demand.       All    women
_ ... ,     from   the    British   Isles
going to Canada to
 settle must have an
Emigration Permit from
a Canadian Government
Emigration Agent unless accompanied by
husband, father, mother
or such other relative as
may be approved by the
Superintendent of Emigration for Canada in
London, England. (This
regulation does not apply to Canadian citizens,
tourists, or other classes
of non-immigrants.)
Passports are not required for British subjects proceeding to Canada from the United
Kingdom, providing (a)
they land at a Canadian
port, and (b) that they
intend to remain permanently in Canada. Passengers from Europe,
not British subjects, require passports. MILK GOATS ON VANCOUVER ISLAND
By GEORGE PILMER
Provincial  Government of British  Columbia  Expert
Starting as a measure of war-time economy the
keeping and breeding of milk goats has made steady
progress and is now
a recognized and
well - established
branch of agriculture on the Island.
With the organization of the British
Columbia Goat
Breeders' Association in 1917, and
financial assistance
given by the Provin-
c i a 1 Government
through the Association, a large number of high - class
pure-bred sires was
imported, resulting
in a remarkable improvement in the
milk yield of the goats kept. Goats milking a gallon
of milk a day are fairly common, and there are many
which give considerably higher yields.
The excellent quality of goat's milk and its peculiar
virtue in cases of malnutrition and weak digestion has
become more and more recognized until to-day the
business of goat-dairying, especially in the cities, is on
a firm basis, and the demand is still considerably ahead
of the supply.
While there are many breeders on the Island with
herds of from twenty to over a hundred goats, some
kept for the sale of stock only and others combining
this with dairying, goats are chiefly kept in small numbers for the supply of milk for the household, as goats
can be kept at small expense to produce milk economically, and from the milk excellent butter and cheese
can be easily made.
Vancouver   Island   is   excellently   adapted   for   the
Goats Thrive on Vancouver Island
keeping of milk goats, owing to its varied and prolific
growth  of all  kinds  of  natural  feed,  and  there  is  no
question the industry will continue to
grow; in fact, there
is no reason why
Vancouver, Island
should not yet rival
Switzerland in time,
and we look forward to seeing the
industry sufficiently
developed to permit
of the establishment
of cheese and other
factories that use
goat's milk as their
raw material. Experts from Switzerland and other countries where this industry thrives state
that Vancouver Island is ideally suited to goat-keeping.
The initial financial outlay is not excessive, the returns
come quickly, and, as already stated, the demand for
goat's milk far exceeds the present supply.
FARMS
HOMES
INVESTMENTS
WRITE OR SEE
Gillespie, Hart & Todd, Ltd.
711 FORT STREET
VICTORIA, B. C.
Exceptional Buys in Farms and Homes
Houses Furnished or Unfurnished for Rent
Expert  Advice   Freely   Given
Use Our Services — They Are at Your Disposal
Prompt   Attention   and   Satisfaction   Guaranteed
TIMBER
STOCKS
BONDS
Absolutely fireproof
PHONE 6600
^ofppBouglag
DOUGLAS, AT  PANDORA
VICTORIA, B. C.
RATES :
With private bath, Single $2.50; with detached bath
$1.50 and $2.00
With private bath, Double $3.50; with detached bath
$2.50 and $3.00
Having several extra large bright  rooms,  we are especially
able to cater to families at rates that will be appreciated.
Whatever accommodation you require, we have it.
EB p
The First and Last Port of Call
Between the Awakening  Orient  and  Canada
Great changes have recently taken place in the
movements of shipping on the Pacific Coast. In the
past San Francisco was the principal port, but now by
far the greater movement of shipping is in the Straits
of Juan de Fuca, en route to Puget Sound and British
Columbia ports. With few exceptions all these vessels
call at Victoria.
Not only will the second largest drydock on the
North American Continent be ready for use in Victoria
early in 1925, but the Government of Canada, recognizing the pre-eminent importance of Victoria and the
Pacific Coast, has built and operates deep-sea docks
at Ogden Point, Victoria.
The Ogden Point Docks consist of two piers, with
about 4,000 feet of berthage in 35 feet of water at low
water spring tides. On the wharves are sheds 700 feet
and 200 feet in length by 300 feet in width, with rails
along the sides and down the centre. These docks are
protected by a solid breakwater 2,750 feet in length.
Rithet's Wharf at the mouth of the Inner Harbour
comprises three wharves in from 27 to 33 feet of water.
No. 1 Wharf has a length of 688 feet by 100 feet wide
and a shed of 541 by 60 feet, with a carrying capacity
of 1,600 tons. No. 2 Wharf is 1,050 feet in length by
125 feet in width, with shed 818 feet in length, varying
in width from 59 feet to 90 feet, floor area 68,090, carrying capacity 13,000 tons; open space at ends of shed
21,500, and 18,000 for rough freight.
Victoria Inner Harbour is used almost exclusively
by vessels engaged in coastwise trade.
OLD COUNTRY BOAT
BUILDERS
In this furthermost part of Western Canada
our virgin Spruce forests furnish Boat Lumber
that is without rival in point of quality, width,
and length.
Why not arrange for your own importations.
No matter if your requirements are small, a
brief letter stating your needs will receive an immediate response.
Lemon Gonnason Company Ltd.
( Sawmills )
BOAT LUMBER MANUFACTURERS
VICTORIA, B. C. FOX FARMING ON VANCOUVER ISLAND
A Profitable Occupation for the Out-of-Doors Man
Fox farming is the direct outgrowth of the attempts
of Canadian trappers to hold over foxes captured out
of season, until the animals became
full furred.
Although a few foxes had been
kept in confinement in Canada for
a number of years, the expansion
of the fox industry did not really
begin until 1910. Then the knowledge that the men already engaged in the enterprise were
making handsome profits leaked
out, and a scramble to get possession of foundation stock began.
However, the European war put
an end to these conditions, and
a highly speculative venture was changed into a legitimate industry.
While at first it was thought that the hard, cold
winter climates of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island,
Quebec and Ontario were essential to the profitable
raising of foxes, it has now been clearly and definitely
demonstrated that the mild winter climate of Vancouver Island is superior for breeding and raising young
foxes, and produces a fur of a very high quality. In
consequence, this form of farming is to-day quickly
becoming one of the established industries of the
Island.
Besides offering a profitable investment, this industry has a peculiar appeal to the out-of-doors man who
loves country life, but also desires some definite
interest to help occupy his time. Not only is the
rearing of foxes a most fascinating industry but it is
also highly remunerative if care, thought and common
sense are used, for a world market exists for a good
quality of fur.
The newcomer desirous of entering this industry
is strongly advised to benefit to the full from the experience of those pioneers who are to-day making a
success of it on Vancouver Island.
Victoria and Vancouver Island have always made
a very strong appeal to the man and woman who loves
The First Fox Bred on Vancouver Island
ELK HOTEL, COMOX
RATES from $3.50 to $5.50 daily. $22.50 to $32.50 weekly.
$80.00 to $115.00 monthly.
A comfortable country hotel for the tourist and traveller.
Excellent  cooking and  service  assured.
Best of stream, lake and sea fishing. Hunting in season.
Unequalled bathing at Goose Spit: hot sandy beach: 10
minutes' row from hotel. Boating, tennis, golf, dancing, etc.
Open all the year round.
Beautifully situated on the sea front, commanding splendid view of mountains and Comox Glacier alike.
Climate: healthy  sunny,  invigorating.
Best of farm products daily.
Direct boat, train and stage service from Vancouver,
Victoria  and  Nanaimo.
country life for its  own sake.    Many such are  to-day
living on the Island, enjoying the almost ideal country
life that one can live here. Fishing, shooting, hunting fill the days
in their respective seasons. Such
people do not need to engage in
the more arduous forms of farming. Fox farming should have an
especial fascination for such, as
while the heavy work and routine
necessary to dairy farming is
eliminated, yet care and sympathetic attention are essential if the
venture is to be successful. Such
settlers are therefore advised to
enquire into this industry carefully.
Vancouver Island is the natural home of fur-bearing
animals, marten, mink, coon and bear having long been
trapped here. As the world supply of rich furs is not
meeting the demand it is only natural that attention
should now be paid to the rearing in captivity of these
and other animals, and it is no exaggeration to say
that for this form of farming Vancouver Island is un-
approached by any other part of Canada, and it should
be remembered that Canada is pre-eminent as a fur
producing country.
Beaumont Boggs & Co. Ltd.
ESTATE AGENTS
620 Broughton Street, Victoria, B. C.
HAVING made a special feature of farming
lands and homes on Vancouver Island since
1889, and being the pioneers of Fox Raising, we
are in a position to furnish both suitable sites and
the best advice to those contemplating settling on
Vancouver Island or engaging in Fox Raising.  
THE ISLAND'S RICH COMMERCIAL FISHERIES
By EDWARD G. TAYLOR
Government Inspector
In District No. 3, which comprises the whole of
Vancouver Island waters and the mainland coast opposite, there are 15 salmon canneries operating. Last
season the pack of the various species of salmon frequenting these waters approximated 200,000 cases.
The methods of conservation employed have been
so successful that there is no danger of the supply
being depleted. The number of men entering the
fishing industry has increased considerably of late, and
this season promises even a better yield. In addition
to the canneries there are 20 salmon salteries drv
salting salmon, for which commodity there is an
excellent market. Considerably over a hundred salmon
seines are operating this year, and their number has
been increasing yearly, which can be taken as a criterion of the interest which i<= being taken in commercial fishing. To the private individual gill netting or
trolling offers a healthy and lucrative livelihood.
One of the outstanding features of recent years has
been the development of the herring industry. Last
season alone over 40,000 tons of dry salted herring
were shipped to the Orient, where the market offers
exceptional prices. I A number of new salteries are
being established this year to meet the demand. The
supply of herring is practically unlimited both on the
East and West Coasts of Vancouver Island. Scotch
cured herring reveals an excellent opening for development of this industry. The lack of skilled curers prevented the demand for this commodity being filled
last season.
Another profitable undertaking which has developed
within recent years has been the production of fish
meal and oil from grayfish, which abound in the waters
of this district, especially during the runs of herring.
Two additional plants have been established this
season to cope with the demand.
Yet another species of fish frequenting these waters
in abundance is the pilchard ; although a fine food fish
only one company is canning this species at the present
time.
To the newcomer who is desirous of entering the
fishing industry the initial cost, of course, varies in
accordance with the system of fishing adopted. A
salmon troller would require a suitable boat which
averages from $300 to $1,000, the larger type of boat
being necessary for the West Coast of the Island. A
salmon gill net usually costs from $150 to $300, according to size. Seining, on the other hand, requires a
larger outlay. A fully equipped seine boat would cost
in the neighbourhood of $5,000 to $8,000. Seining is
possible practically throughout the
year, during the summer and fall
for the various species of salmon,
and during the winter months the
herring run in abundance.
Raising  the  Nets  at  the   Salmon  Traps
From 1,500 to 3,000 Fish are taken at one time by this method
Walter Ford
40 years on Vancouver Island
and the pioneer of the rich
farming district of Coombs,
B. C, invites those interested to
write to him.
Mr. Ford has both improved
and unimproved land for sale in
ten acre or larger blocks.
Prices from $15.00 to $100.00
an acre.
WALTER FORD
COOMBS, B. C.
CANADA 
Printed in Victoria, B. C, Canada
Clarke Ptg.  Co., Ltd. 

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