BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

Report of the Public Archives for the year 1938 Public Archives of Canada; Lanctôt, Gustave, 1883-1975 1939

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcbooks-1.0308118.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcbooks-1.0308118.json
JSON-LD: bcbooks-1.0308118-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcbooks-1.0308118-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcbooks-1.0308118-rdf.json
Turtle: bcbooks-1.0308118-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcbooks-1.0308118-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcbooks-1.0308118-source.json
Full Text
bcbooks-1.0308118-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcbooks-1.0308118.ris

Full Text

Array DOMINION OF CANADA
REPORT
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR
1938
GUSTAVE LANCTOT
Keeper of Public Records
OTTAWA
J. O. PATENAUDE, I.S.O.
PRINTER TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY
Price, $1.00  DOMINION OF CANADA
REPORT
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR
1938
GUSTAVE LANCTOT
Keeper of Public Records
OTTAWA
J. O. PATENAUDE, I.S.O.
PRINTER TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY /£7, 997
H TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Report of the Keeper of Public Records  v
Reports of Divisions      viii
List of Donations      xvii
Appendix I—Calendar of miscellaneous despatches from the Secretaries of
State for the Colonies to the Governors General of Lower Canada,
1784-1841     A 2
Index to the Calendar of miscellaneous despatches from the Secretaries of
State for the Colonies to the Governors General of Lower Canada,
1784-1841    A 17
Appendix II—Calendar of the Papers of Lord Dalhousie, 1816-1833  1
Index to Calendar of the Papers of Lord Dalhousie      145  REPORT OF THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR 1938
To the Honourable Fernand Pdnfret,
Secretary of State,
Ottawa.
Ottawa, December 31, 1938.
Sra,—I have the honour to present to you, with this letter, the report of the
Public Archives for the year 1938.
The first thing to note is that the year which has just ended has seen the
work of the department grow considerably: first, in order to bring its publications up to date, it was necessary to publish three reports in less than fifteen
months; and, secondly, the requests for information grew to such a point that
tile correspondence has nearly doubled its total of previous years.
In!
and its i
:he sec
of resea
Fin
plete ce
tions (b
roll an
ally a
rtain <
oth ol!
manusci
•lpt m
government d
aids to work ^
During th
of the si
fifty yes
taff.   '.
Index ai
The
adlnf
s depa
of its r<
noted hi
towards
jpresei
enricl
ibt
veha
pleti
abl
. Dn
sd a reorganization of the staff
r distribution of the work, a greater expedition
ic classification of the collections,
las been drawn up which is intended to com-
I for twenty years, to calendar several collec-
;n to prepare a short but complete guide to the
lives. This program will supply the different
ans, and research students with facilities and
mportance nowadays than ever,
ion has unfortunately removed several members
5 seen with especial regret the retirement, after
of M. Francis J. Audet, LL.D., Director of the
) record, with feelings of deep regret, the death
Mr. H. P. Biggar. A recognized scholar and
jars he contributed more than any other person
triching the Archives with documentary material.
With respect to acquisitions, the year 1938 has been an unusually fruitful
one, because of the important collections and numerous individual items that
have entered the Archives. I must be content to note here only the chief of
them.
The papers of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, on deposit in the Archives for some time,
have now definitely become its property. For this gift the department wishes
to express again its sincere thanks to M. Robert Laurier. As documentary title
to these papers, let us quote the letter in which M. Laurier gave the collection
to the Canadian Archives:—
Ottawa, May 2, 1938.
Mr. Gxjstave Lanctot,
Dominion Archivist,
Ottawa.
Dear Mr. Lanctot,—It is already several years since at your suggestion I placed on deposit in the Public Archives the correspondence and
personal papers of my uncle, Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Now, acceding to the wishes of his friends and the friends of historical
research, I wish to make a permanent gift to the Canadian Archives of
all the documents in this collection which are in your hands or in those
of others. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
To this gift I attach only one condition, that these documents should
not be made accessible to the public for ten years, except with my personal permission, or yours in my absence.
With best \
ROBERT LAURIER.
To give an idea of the importance of the Laurier Collection, I need only
mention that it includes the official and personal correspondence of the great
statesman, together with numerous memoranda and papers on many questions.
It covers the period 1871-1911 and totals more than 500 portfolios.
The collection of Sir John Willison (1856-1927), offered by his executors, is
made up of the correspondence of this well-known journalist, who mingled with
all the political figures and leaders of his time and exerted, behind the scenes,
a considerable influence. The collection, accompanied by an index, comprises
more than a hundred portfolios.
A third collection, the papers of Senator Charles Murphy, has likewise jus™
been bequeathed to the Archives by his brother, Mr. Edward Murphy.   Still in
the process of being sorted, it is composed of the Senator's personal letters, and
numerous documents and pamphlets relating to political and social questions.
Like the Laurier Collection, the Willison and Murphy Collections, because
they deal with questions that are still live issues, are not open to the public
and can only be consulted in special cases with the permission of the Dominion
Archivist.
A valuable acquisition which historians will welcome is a register of the
letters of the North-West Company for the years 1797-1803. It contains not
only lists of merchandise and of posts, but also a " List of Partners, Clerks,
Interpreters, who winter in the North-West Company service with the dates and
nature of their respective engagement." There are likewise numerous letters of
William McGillivray and Alexander Mackenzie, two outstanding figures, and
some letters of two other well-known traders, Duncan McGillivray and Roderick
Mackenzie.
The numerous devotees of constitutional history will note with pleasure*!
that the Archives has hunted out and acquired the complete text of the Report
of Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General, on the Government of Quebec,
dated December 6, 1772, which had hitherto escaped all investigators, even
Adam Shortt, compiler of the Documents relating to the Constitutional History
of Canada. This report, of which only extracts were known, is in the Smith-
Sewell Collection which contains, in addition, several documents of political
interest and material relating to the Church of England and the Jesuit Estates,
as well as the letters of the Sewell family. The journal of a voyage from
Quebec to New York in 1825 by Elizabeth Sewell {nee Durnford), and a petition
of the Executive Council of Lower Canada against the Assembly's activities in
1814 should also be mentioned.
Another journal worthy of note is that of Charles Langevin of Quebec,
1813-1842, a merchant of good family and the owner of a seigneury. In a stout
notebook bound in parchment are his notes in both English and French which
furnish all sorts of information on military, political, economic and social affairs,
mingled with varied information on town and country.
A third journal, this one very brief, was written by Richard Cartwright,
ancestor of Sir Richard Cartwright. It describes the journey from Albany to
Montreal of this young Loyalist, who came in 1778 to settle on British soil in
order to escape the revolution of the American colonies.
It will be sufficient to mention briefly two other important collections on
very different subjects. The first contains about one hundred letters of the Duke
of Kent, father of Queen Victoria and great-great-grandfather of George VI.
These letters, which cover the years from 1801 to 1816, are addressed to the REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1938 vii
friends whom he had made in Canada during his residence at Quebec in 1791-
1794. The second collection is composed of letters and documents transcribed
at the Archbishop's Palace in Montreal. It contains letters from M. Montgolfier
between 1760 and 1775, and the correspondence of Mgr. Lartigue with the
Government on the subject of the erection of the diocese of Montreal. It also
includes documents relating to the Hudson's Bay Company and, in particular,
an important collection of correspondence relating to the Rebellion of 1837.
Another collection which will arouse considerable interest, not only in
Canada but in the United States, is the Lamothe family papers. Among other
documents must be noted the account (drawn up by the Chief of Police Guil-
laume Lamothe) of the arrest and flight of the Confederate emissaries who made
the famous St. Alban's Raid, during which they pillaged the local bank.
Worthy of mention also is the correspondence between Sir Wilfrid Laurier
and John S. Ewart prior to the elections of 1896. As the question had arisen of
forming a united front among the Liberals of the country, Laurier declared that
he was determined that justice should be done to the minority in the Manitoba
School Question and that, if Mowat was willing to enter the struggle with him,
he was ready to concede him the office of Prime Minister. " The question of
premiership can be easily settled," he writes, " I would most gladly make way
for Sir Oliver."
This year, as usual, the Paris and London offices have sent over interesting
transcripts which further increase our collection of documents from English and
French sources. The list of these will be found in the report of the Manuscript
Division.
The historical museum, too, has acquired several items, among which must
be mentioned a bas-relief of Montreal, dating from 1767, formerly belonging to
Lord Amherst; the sword of Nicolas d'Ailleboust, sieur de Menthet, who served
with distinction under Frontenac; the autograph text of Colonel John McCrae's
poem In Flanders' Field; and the bust of Sir Charles Tupper by Henry Bain-
smith.
In the Print Division, among this year's numerous acquisitions should be
noted the following: one portrait of Sir Wilfrid Laurier by John Russell; one
portrait of Lord Aylmer by H. W. Pickersgill; two genre pictures by Kreighoff;
four watercolours by J. Cockburn; seven pen-and-ink sketches by J. J. Bigsby,
1818-1819; one miniature of Sir John Johnson and one of John Sandfield
Macdonald; three caricatures by N. MacConnell and a series of fifty prints of
historic sites in Nova Scotia by Wendell Lawson.
The first Appendix in this report contains a calendar of various despatches,
ranging from 1784 to 1841, from Colonial Secretaries to Governors of Lower
Canada—despatches which had been removed from the official collection and
had not been returned to it. They have now been replaced in chronological
order, thus filling up numerous gaps which have hitherto proved stumbling-
blocks to research workers.
The second Appendix is made up of the calendar of the papers of Lord Dalhousie, who was Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia from 1816 to 1819, and
Governor of Lower Canada from 1819 to 1828. These dates are sufficiently
indicative of the importance of this collection and the value of the calendar to
students of Canadian history.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
GUSTAVE LANCTOT. REPORTS OF DIVISIONS
MANUSCRIPT DIVISION
Manuscripts Received
TRANSCRIPTS FROM CANADA
Nova Scotia
Liverpool: Annals of, 1760-1867.
Ontario
London and Middlesex Historical Society: Minute Book of School Section
No. 8, 1814-56.
Argenteuil: Minute Book of St. Andre Parish, 1835-85.
Beaupre: Concessions and Sales in Seigniory, 1650-1790.
L'Islet: Register of St. Roch des Aulnaies Parish, 1734-81.
Montreal, Archeveche de: Archives.
Court House: Notarial Records of B. Bassett, 1674-5.
McGill University: Wolfe's Journal, 1759.
Universite de Montreal:   Documents of Baby Collection.
Documents of Bruere Collection.
Oka: Registre de 1'Etat Civil, 1786-1850.
Quebec Archives: Registre de la Prevote, 1742-43.
Denombrement de la Paroisse de Quebec, 1792.
Riviere du Sud: Notarial Documents of Jean Grenier, 1695-1864.
Vaudreuil: Parish Register.
TRANSCRIPTS FROM ENGLAND
Audit Office: Series 12 and 13. United Empire Loyalist Losses—John Garman.
Colonial Office: Series 5, Vol. 930, Letter of 1774 re post road from New
England to Canada.
Series 47, Vols. 130-39, Blue Books, Lower Canada.
Series 47, Vols. 146-54, Blue Books, Upper Canada.
Series 226, Vol. 91, Despatch, Dundas to Newcastle, 25 July, 1759.
Hudson's Bay Company: Accounts, Temiskaming District, 1864-70.
War Office: Series 12, Vol. 10800, Pay Lists, Glengarry Fencibles, 1812-16.
TRANSCRIPTS FROM FRANCE
Archives des Colonies
Serie E, carton   22, Dossier Beauharnois.
"    "      " 65, Charles Gedeon de Catalogne.
"    I      I       197, Dossiers de Gannes.
I    "      "       209, Dossier de Gontin (Mathieu).
Archives de la Marine
Serie B2, Ordres et Depeches.
Vol. 322, Guerre a PAngleterre. REPORT FOR  THE YEAR 1938
Archives de la Marine—Fin
Serie B^, Service Generale, Correspondance, Lettres Recues.
Vol. 432, St. Malo, 1745.
"   433, Port Louis, 1745.
I   434, Nantes, 1745.
"   438, Petits Ports de Levant, 1745.
"   439, Ministre, Clerge, Parlements, 1745.
|   440, Gouverneurs et Intendants, 1745.
|   441, Armateurs, etc., 1745.
"   444, Petit Ports de Normandie, 1746.
"   445, Petit Ports de Bretagne, 1746.
"    446, Port Louis, Nantes, et Rochefort, 1746.
"   447, Toulon, 1746.
450, Ministres, Parlements et Intendants, 1746.
"   451, Commandants, 1746.
"   452, Dunkerque, le Havre, Cherbourg, 1747.
"   453, St. Malo, 1747.
Serie B4, Campagnes.
Vol. 128, Amerique du Nord, 1776.
i 129, Cotes de France, 1777.
| 130, Cotes de France, 1777.
" 131, Mediterranee, 1777.
I 132, Amerique du Nord, 1777.
" 135, Projets, Armements, etc., 1775.
" 146, Amerique du Nord, 1778.
" 151, Amerique, 1778-79.
" 183, Amerique du Nord, 1780.
" 185, Amerique du Nord, 1780-82.
Serie C7, Personnel Individuel.
Carton 20, Dossier Beauharnois.
Archives Nationales
Serie E, Conseil des Finances.
Vol. 476A-536B, 1674-82.
Serie V6, Grande Chancellerie et Conseil.
Carton 35-8, December 1620-July 1621.
Serie Xla, Vol. 8658, Ordonnances de Louis XIV, 1652-4.
Serie Zld, Juridictions Speciales et Ordinaires.
Vol. 1, Registre de FAmiraute, 1559-73.
"    5, Registre des Sentences, 1598-1620.
Archives Charente-Inferteure
Serie B, 277-283, Amiraute de l'ile Royale, 1737-78.
5906, Capitaine de Bonaventure, 1692.
Archives Seine et Marne
Serie B, Liasse 41, Archives Civiles Fonds Divers
Famille de Douglas, 1785.
Bibliotheque de l'Arsenal
. Manuscrit 12,
262, Affaire de la Louisiane, 1765. x PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Bibliotheque Nationale
Departement des Imprimes,
No.   2989, Frangois Bigot, 1763.
"   25327, Pean-Pedamoux.
"   34331, Breard, 1749.
"   34378-79, Joncaire-Chapart, 1763.
Department des Manuscrits,
Nouvelles Acquisitions,
Vol. 7287, Memoires et Edits du Commerce, 1603.
I    9294, Origines Francaises, Nicolas Thoylard, et les Decouvreurs
du Mississippi.
Collection Clairambault,
Vol. 134, Titres Originaux de L'Ancienne Noblesse.
"    233, Comptes de la Tresorerie de L'Espagne, 1572.
"    284, Succession  d'Espagne.
"    286, Pieces Diverses XVII et XVIII Si&cles.
"    292, Instructions, Negotiations du Royaume.
|    300, Melanges.
"    362-67, Melanges, 1611-16.
"    376, Melanges, Journal, 1610-20.
j    379, Melanges, 1626-29.
I    381-92, Melanges, 1632-44.
Collection Colbert, Cinq Cents,
Vol. 204, Registres de Depeches Concernant le Commerce, 1669.
i    251, Edits et Declarations, 1661-67.
I    291, Proces Verbal de Visite Bretagne par le Sr Charles Colbert,
1665.
"    323, Traite Entre le France et l'Angleterre, 1625-64.
I    334, Affaires Etrangeres, 1661.
"    483, Lettres de M. de Cesy, 1623-25.
"    487, Manuscrits de Diverses Matieres.
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres
Correspondance Politique Angleterre,
Vols. 514-21, 1776-77.
Ministere des Colontes
Serie G2
Carton 185-98, Louisbourg Greffe Conseil Superieur, 1738-55.
TRANSCRIPTS FROM THE UNITED STATES
51. New York State Library
Mss. 2212, Letters dated 17 March, 1777.   Letter to Major Fonda
of the Albany Committee of Safety, 1777.
ORIGINALS FROM FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SOURCES
117. Governor General's Office
Letter Book of H.B.M. Minister at Washington, 1815-17.
Federal Government
Department of Juctice (R.C.M.P): documents left in cairn at Fort
Ross, Somerset Island, N.W.T., 1859.
Department  of  Mines   and  Resources:   note   book  of  Henry  W.
Bayfield, survey of lakes, 1816-25. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1988
ORIGINALS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES
Letters from Sir John Macdonald and Senator Maclnnes to M. H. McCulloch,
1881-83.
Letter Book of the North West Company, 1798.
Proclamation, 1763, by Sir William Johnson, erecting the four separate governments of Quebec, East Florida, West Florida, and Grenada.
Family Papers de Coigon, 1768; de Moras, 1789; Vaulx, 1551-1752.
Letter Book of W. Bell, 1801-23. ( Navy Shipwright).
Documents of Marie de Medicis, 1607.
Account for forage, 1811.
Historical Sketch of the Heron family, 1804-1905, by W. L. Scott.
Letters of Anna Jameson, 1838, to Henry Reeve.
Letters from the Duke of Kent, 1801-1816.
Commission of Captain Benjamin Marlow, 1756.
Letter of Anne Powell, 1789.   (Wife of Justice Powell).
License, Innkeeper at York, 1817.
Commissions in Norfolk Militia of Jacob Potts, 1812-23.
Letter of Father Gavazzi at Rome, 1887.   (To the Trinity Historical Society).
Papers of Sewell-Smith, 1741-1865.
Letter of Alexander Henry, 1823.   (To his son).
Ordnance Land Grant, 1783.
Indenture, Thos. Bentley, N.B., 1790.
Documents relating to Wrangel Island.
Letters between Sir W. Laurier and J. S. Ewart, 1896.
Papers relating to the Rideau Canal.
Manuscripts, Lorrain, 1890-1900.
Diary of J. H. Challoner, 1853.
Mission de la Capricieuse au Canada, 1855.
Documents to G. Lamothe relating to St. Albans Raid, 1864.
Letter to G. Lamothe of North West Co. (Peace River), 1804.
Journal of Marcus Gunn, 1850.
Schedule of Aliens and Deserters, 1814-21.
Indenture and Land Grant of J. Durand, 1825.
Commission of the Hon. R. J. Cartwright as Minister of Finance of Canada,
1873. Journal written by his grandfather in 1779. Letter from John
Strachan, 1839.
MAP DIVISION
During the eleven months to the 30th November, 142 requests for information were received, and 287 students and professional men consulted maps in
the Map Division and 559 photostat copies and photographic prints were
supplied to enquirers.
The maps in the list of accessions which follows are arranged in geographical order under the respective geographical headings. Special mention
should be made of the sketch book of Phillip John Bainbrigge, R.E., listed
under " Canada." The Archives already had on file one hundred and fifty-four
water colour drawings of scenes and plans in New Brunswick, Quebec and
Ontario made by Lieutenant Bainbrigge between the years 1838 and 1841.
Lieutenant Bainbrigge was gazetted a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers
in 1833 and attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of that Corps m 1855. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
ACCESSIONS
atlases and geographies
Geographia Antiqua et Nova: or a System of Antient and Modern
Geography, with a Sett of Maps Engraven from Cellarius's. Designed for The
Use of Schools, and of Gentlemen, who make the Antient Writers their Delight
or Study. Translated from the French of Mr. L'Abbe Du Fresnoy, with great
Additions and Improvements, from Ptolemy, Strabo, Cellarius, &c. To which
is added a Large Index. London: Printed for John and Paul Knapton, at the
Crown in Ludgate-Street.   MDCCXLII.
Le Pilote De Terre-Neuve ou Recueil De Plans, Des Cotes et Des Ports
De Cette He. Pour l'usage des Vaisseaux du Roi, et des Navires de Commerce
destines a la Peche. D'apres les Plans Leves par MM. James Cook et Michael
Lane Ingenieures Geographes Anglais. Precede De Deux Cartes Reduites, l'une
de Terre-Neuve avec les Bancs et Cotes voisines, l'autre de cette He en partic-
ulier; dressees sur les memes Plans et assujetties aux Observations Astrono-
miques de MM. le Mis de Chabert en 1750 et 1751, J. Cook et autres Officiers
Anglois en 1766, le Mis de Verdun, le Cher de Borda et Pingre en 1772. Public
par Ordre du Roi, au Depot general des Cartes, Plans et Journaux de la Marine.
1784.
Report.—International Boundary Commission. Re-establishment of the
Boundary between the United States and Canada, Gulf of Georgia to North-
westemmost Point of Lake of the Woods.   Ottawa.   1937.
Joint Maps.—International Boundary Commission. To accompany the
Commissioners Joint Report Dated October 27, 1937, Upon the Re-establishment of the Boundary between the United States and Canada. Gulf of Georgia
to the Northwesternmost Point of Lake of the Woods.    Ottawa.    1937.
Monumenta Cartographica Africae et Aegypti par Youssouf Kamal. Tome
Quatrieme (Epoque des Portulans, Suivie Par L'Epoque Des Decouvertes)
Fascicule II 1937.   Illustrated Atlas.
La Gvida Del Mercvrio Geografico Per Tvtte Le Parti Del Mondo, DAlle
Stampe Di Domenico de Rossi in Roma alia Pace. Conforme Le Tavole Geo-
grafiche Del Sansone Bavrand E Cantelli. Data in luce con direttione, e cura
di Gio: Giacomo de Rossi nella sua stamperia in Roma alia Pace, all' Insegna
di Parigi con Priu'.    del. S. Pont.   Tomo Primo.
Recueil Des Plans De L'Amerique Septentrionale A Paris Chez Le Sr Le
Rouge Ingenieur Geographe du Roy, Et de S.A.S.M. le Comte de Clermont,
Rue des Augustins, 1755.
Cartography of the Northwest Coast, of America to the Year 1800. Henry
R. Wagner. 2 Volumes.  Illustrated. University of California Press. Berkeley.
maps and plans
World
Map of the World showing Trade Routes and Shortest Sailing Distances
Between Canada, The British Empire and Foreign Ports. Canada Department
of Mines and Resources. Honourable T. A. Crerar, Minister: C. Camsell,
Deputy Minister. Surveys and Engineering Branch, J. M. Wardle, Director.
Compiled, Drawn and Printed at the office of the Surveyor General and Chief,
Hydrographic Service, Ottawa, 1938.    Col. Lithograph.
North America
British North America By Permission Dedicated to The Honble Hudsons
Bay Company Containing the Latest Information which their documents furnish.
By their Obedient Servant, J. Arrowsmith.   London Pubd 25 April 1852 by
J. Arrowsmith, 10 Soho Square.   Col. Engraving. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 xiii
Map of the Largest & Most Valuable portion of the Territories in America,
Granted to the Rt Honble Sir Wm Alexander, Earl of Stirling, In 1621-5, 1628,
& 1635. Drawn & Engraved by Js Wyld, Charing Cross. (From G Series.
Enclosure to Circular dated 1st Novr 1831) Col. Lithograph.
Canada
Roads along the Frontiers & in Upper Canada &c. P. J. Bainbrigge, Royal
Engineers. Chatham, U.C. 1838. (A manuscript sketch-book with many plans,
views, weekly progress reports and notes, covering Upper and Lower Canada and
New Brunswick.)
Ontario
Smith's Falls, Ont. Plan of that part of the Village of Smith's Falls which
lies on the west side of Brockville Street south of the Rideau Canal and which
is marked as Section, or Block F., on the general plan of the said Village drawn
by J. M. 0. Cromwell, P. L. Surveyor, and filed in the registry office of the south
riding of the County of Lanark on the 16th day of June A.D. 1870. Surveyed
and Drawn in May & June A.D. 1875 by J. M. 0. Cromwell P. L. Surveyor for
William Mirrick Ward Esq. Col. Tracing.
Plan of the Town of Smith's Falls, In the County of Lanark, Ontario, As
Extended and Ratified by Gov* Proclamation of 29th Sep* A.D. 1886. Compiled
and Drawn from Original Plans, and Surveys now made by J. M. 0. Cromwell,
P.L.Survr This Plan is correct, and is prepared under the provisions of the
"Registry Act" Joseph M. 0. Cromwell, Provincial Land Surveyor. Perth 24th
Dec. 1886.   Col. Tracing.
Map of the Province of Quebec Indicating its north western, northern and
north eastern boundaries, as declared by the Statutes of Canada, 61 Victoria,
cap. 3. Reduite et dessinee par Gustave Rinfret, d'apres la carte de la Province
de Quebec par E. E. Tache. Departement des Terres, Forets et Pecheries,
Quebec, ler decembre 1898.   S. U. Parent, Commissaire.   Col. Lithograph.
Carte Des Environs de Quebec En La Nouvelle France Mesuree tres exacte-
ment En 1688 Par Le Sr De Villeneuve Ingr Collection Gagnon. The Bishop
Co. Montreal.   Lithograph.
Plan du village des Sauuages de st francoix des abenakis LEue sur les
Lieux en lannee 1704. Ministere des Colonies, D.F.C. No. 491. Copie par Ch.
Baudouin, Septembre, 1938. Collationne le 16 Sept. 1938. Th. Beauchesne.
Col. Manuscript Copy.
Lachine Canal. Carte levee a vue de Pays par M. de la Morandiere pour
service d'eclaircissement au sujet du Canal projete entre LaChine et Montreal
1750. Ce plan a ete donne par M. de la Galissonniere, et a beaucoup servi aux
ingenieurs anglais charges d'ouvrir un nouveau Canal de Montreal a Lachine.
1750.   Tracing.
British Columbia
Commercial Map of British Columbia Industrial Traffic and Resources
Survey, Compiled and published by Sun Directories Ltd. Sun Building, 500
Beatty St., Vancouver, B.C.   Copyright Canada 1938.   Also Index.   Col. Litho.
United States
Map of Boston for 1887.   Published expressly for the Boston Directory by
Sampson, Murdock & Co.   155 Franklin St,   Boston.   Copyright 1885 by Sampson, Murdock & Co.   Col. Litho. xiv PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Vermont, U.S.A.
A Correct Map of the State of Vermont From actual Survey; Exhibiting
the County and Town lines, Rivers, Lakes, Ponds, Mountains, Meetinghouses,
Mills, Public Roads &c. By James Whitelaw Esqr. Surveyor General. 1796.
With the Privilege of Copy Right. Engraved by Amos Doolittle, New Haven,
1796.   Map Division, Library of Congress.   Photostat Copy (2 sections).
National Topographic Series, compiled, drawn, and printed at the Office of the
Surveyor General, Ottawa, and received from Hydrographic and Map
Service, Department of Mines and Resources
Sheet 21   A/S.E.       Province of Nova Scotia, Bridgewater.
(Provisional Edition)
"     31    O/N.W.     Province of Quebec, Choquette.
(Provisional Edition)
"     32   F Province of Quebec, Waswanipi.
(Provisional Edition)
"     53   K Province of Manitoba-Ontario, Stull Lake.
(Provisional Edition)
"     92   L/l Province of British Columbia, Schoen Lake.
"     92   L/8 Province of British Columbia, Adam River.
"     92   L/2 Province of British Columbia, Moss Lake.
National Topographic Series, prepared by the Geographical Section of the General Staff and published by the Department of National Defence
Sheet 21 G/16 Province of New Brunswick, Grand Lake.
"     21 L/l Province of Quebec, St. Zacharie.
"     30 M/3 Province of Ontario, Niagara.
"     30 L/14 Province of Ontario, Welland.
"     31 G Province of Ontario-Quebec, Ottawa.
Topographical Map of Manitoba. Canada Department of Mines and
Resources. Honourable T. A. Crerar, Minister. C. Camsell, Deputy Minister.
Surveys and Engineering Branch, J. M. Wardle, Director. North Sheet. Compiled, drawn and printed at the office of the Surveyor General and Chief, Hydro-
graphic Service, Ottawa, 1938.
Fifteen maps of townships and plans of base lines in the Provinces of
Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
NORMAN FEE.
HISTORICAL RESEARCH AND PUBLICITY DIVISION
I.   RESEARCH
Number of investigations completed:   153.
II.  PAINTINGS, DRAWINGS AND PRINTS
Pictures received:   203.
Volumes received:   3.
Pictures catalogued:   1,670.
A special catalogue of Great War photographs, with index, has been nearly
completed.
About 49,000 pictures have now been catalogued. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
III.  PHOTOGRAPHS AND PHOTOSTATS
Photograph negatives prepared and indexed:  111.
Photostat negatives prepared and indexed:  202.
Photograph prints supplied:  222.
Photostat prints supplied:  613.
IV. LANTERN SLIDES
Lantern slides loaned: 520.
JAMES F. KENNEY.
INDEX AND INFORMATION DIVISION
In the first place, it seems proper to mention the retirement of the director
of this division, Mr. Francis J. Audet, after service with the Archives for fifty
years. The deputy minister and the personnel of the Archives were pleased to
mark this event with a testimony of their esteem by presenting to Mr. Audet a
bust of himself, the work of the sculptor, Roland Beauchamp.
During the eleven months covered by this report the division has received
eighteen hundred and fifty-four requests for information. In the great majority
of cases it has been possible to supply the material desired. The services of the
division have been required by several departments of the federal government,
including the office of the prime minister. Departments of provincial governments have also asked for documents bearing on historical questions. There
have been numerous requests for information from the United States, Great
Britain, France and even from South Africa.
Archival records—particularly early census and militia lists—have made
sible the rendering of an essential service in establishing officially their ages
in cases of applicants for old-age pensions or for allowance to South African
War veterans.
Requests for information have related to the most varied subjects. The
most numerous of these continue to be those pertaining to genealogy and biography, but an increasing number relate to general and regional history. We
might add that for about six months the division has supplied ephemerides for
the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
After an interruption of three years the binding of the documents of the
Office of the Governors' Secretary, 1760-1841, called "S" Series, has been resumed,
the division having prepared for binding forty-six volumes of manuscript items.
The index of the Quebec Gazette has now been brought down to 31 May,
1824, 10,000 cards having been added. The index now covers sixty years; that
is to say, froom 1764 to 1824. This nominal and subject index is very important
and is frequently consulted.
To facilitate research by consolidating information the indexes of the French
editions of the annual archival reports, 1872 to 1889 inclusive, have been placed
in a single index system which contains 55,125 cards. The indexes of the
English editions have not undergone a like synthesis to permit of more exP6^"
tious research within each report. The research files have been augmented by
the addition of 5,200 records, and the Canadian biographical files by 950 records.
LUCIEN BRAULT. xvi PUBLIC ARCHIVES
PUBLICATIONS DIVISION
Created this past year, the Publications Division comprises the following
services: translation into English or into French, as the case may be, of historical documents; publication in English and French of the annual reports
and of special works; the distribution of the various publications of the department.
The first task of the new division has been the organization of the different
services and the assigning to members of its personnel of their special duties.
Thanks to the earnest and effective collaboration of each the division has been
able to accomplish considerable work in the year just closed. It has completed
the issue of the calendar of the second part of series G, State Papers of Upper
Canada; it has prepared the index of that series, and supervised its printinfM
distributed the Elgin-Grey Papers and the Report for the year 1936.
The division had also to reply to requests for other publications of the
department, requests which came from many sources but chiefly from Englrs^H
speaking countries, and to forward these publications when circumstances warranted and permitted.
S. MARION.
LIBRARY DIVISION
Extra demands were made upon the services of the Library Division in the
number of inquiries received and answered and in the growing extent to which
its facilities were sought by day-to-day visitors and students. The attendance
at the Summer School of History, conducted by Queen's University, the presence
of advanced research workers from Canadian and American universities, and
the increase in the number of students from secondary institutions added considerably to the routine activities of the Division.
In the preliminary investigations and studies, conducted on account of the
Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations, extensive use was made
of the Library's materials bearing upon various phases of federal authority and
jurisdiction. Similar investigations were made by legal and other research
workers on behalf of certain provinces.
The number of volumes, exclusive of newspapers and reviews, issued to
visitors, students and members of the Archives staff exceeded ten thousand.
More than six thousand cards and slips for catalogue and newspaper indices
were written: memoranda and bibliographies were prepared, information was
given and photostat copies were furnished in response to numerous requests.
Accessions of books and pamphlets numbered 1,015, including current publications relating to Canada. There were several volumes published prior to
1810, which were added to the valuable collection of Canadiana in the Archives.
In particular the Archives has been fortunate in procuring an excellent copy
of the Memoirs of the Siege of Quebec (edited) by Richard Gardiner, London,
1761, described as "a very rare tract," of which there are supposed to be only
two other copies in America.
Much appreciated gifts were received from the following inter alios: Hon.
C. H. Cahan, Dr. P. M. Hamer (National Archives, Washington), Dr. William
Inglis Morse, Dr. Francis H. Gisborne, W. Perkins Bull, K.C., Rev. J. W.
McNamara, D.D., Victor Morin, Mrs. H. M. Ami, Mersey Paper Company,
H. W. Brown.
A. F. MACDONALD.
_J REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988 xvii
DIVISION OF TECHNICAL AUXILIARY SERVICES
In the course of the year just past the numismatic section has acquired
several items—medals and coins—the most important of which was a superb
cross of the royal order of Saint Louis, the highest military decoration in Canada
during the French regime.
The cinematographic section has prepared lists of films which it possesses
and has got into touch with various organizations in Canada and abroad in order
to obtain interesting Canadian historical documents, past and present.
The museum section has made a new selection of various items and placed
them in its show-cases. Its collections have been enriched by several pieces of
different sorts, among which it is important to itemize the following:
Bas relief of Montreal by Tyler, after Montresor, 1767, from the residence
of General Amherst at New River Head, England;
Sword of Nicholas D'Ailleboust, Sieur de Manthet, commander of the
expedition which, in the winter of 1690, captured and destroyed Schenectady;
Autograph copy of the poem In Flanders Fields by Colonel John McCrae,
together with a sketch by Sir Edward Morrison of the little cemetery to the
north of Ypres which inspired the poet;
Ceinture flechee which belonged to Dr. Chenier, patriote of 1837, who was
killed at the battle of St. Eustache;
Statuettes of Sir Charles Tupper, A.-N. Morin, H. Langevin, and E.-P.
Tache, by Louis-Philippe Hebert;
Bust of Sir Charles Tupper by Bainsmith.
The bindery section has completed considerable work during the year. The
number of books bound reached five hundred, and the staff has three hundred
more in process of being bound. About 5,200 manuscripts have been repaired
and bound.
Several paintings and engravings have been restored in the course of the
year by the restoration section. It has also been occupied in putting statues and
busts which had been in a somewhat damaged state into good condition.
As to the photographic section, it reports a total of 13,096 pages photo-
statically reproduced, as well as 287 photographs and 165 negatives made.
PIERRE BRUNET.
DONATIONS, 1938
Manuscript Division
For the gifts received in the course of the year, as well as for records transferred from departments of the Federal Government, the Public Archives wishes
to express its sincere thanks.
Blanchet, H. H:    Notes on black walnut trees at Pointe Platon by A. Joly
de Lotbiniere.
Chart, Dr. D. A.:    List of Emigrants mainly to Canada and United States
of  America  from  Parish  of  Coleraine,  Co.    Londonderry,   1833-34
[Typed transcript].
Clarke, Borden:    Photostatic copy of Quesnel-Keith letters, 1807-1809.
Coburn-Smith, Mrs.:    Manuscript copy of a petition of Ehas Smith to
John Graves Simcoe, dated October 15, 1799, relating to lands m Hope
Township, Upper Canada, from original in Harvard Museum.
Coleman, Dr. E. H.:    Commission appointing William Warren Dean to De
Judge of the County Court of Victoria, Ontario, September 9, 1874. ii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Constantine,  Major  General  C.  F.:    Letter-book  of  Superintendent  C.
Constantine, N.W.M.P., the Yukon, 1895-98.
Furniss, H. A.:    Diary of Charles Langevin, Quebec, 1813-1842.
Gould, Alice K:    Ordnance land grant, North Elmsley, 1873; Chancery
law suit, Smyth vs. Simpson, 1844.
Gresley, Mrs. W. H.:    Original minute books of the Local Council of
Women, Ottawa, 1894-1907.   4 vols.
Addresses of societies affiliated with the Local Council of Women,
Ottawa.
Hemon, Mile. Marie:    Autograph letter by Louis Hemon, dated Montreal,
October 28, 1911.
Laurier, Robt.:    The Sir Wilfred Laurier Papers, 20 bound volumes and
33 boxes.
Lemay, Rev. Hugolin:   Photostatic copy of documents relating to relatives
of Louis Garnaud, ancestor of F. X. Garneau, historian.
Love, H. H.:    A Biographical Sketch of the Life of Sir William J. Gage
[typescript].
Matthews, Major J. S.:    Copy of Ceremony bestowing the freedom of
Vancouver, B.C., upon Lauchlan Alexander Hamilton at Kissimmee,
Florida, on April 10, 1938.    [Typescript].
Memorandum, typed, of a statement by C. J. Maltby in November, 1937, on
the claim of Alexander MacKay to be regarded as the discoverer of
the Mackenzie River.
Montague, Judge P. J.:   "Personal Sidelights on some Canadian Settlers,"
a paper read at Winnipeg, December. 13, 1937, by Frank W. Thompson,
at the U. E. Loyalist Association meeting.    [Typescript],
Murphy, the late Edward F.:   Collection of miscellaneous papers, letters
and commissions, etc., of the late Senator Charles Murphy.
McFarlane, Samuel H.:    Photographic copy of an agreement between John
_ Henry and the New Brunswick Railway Company, May 13, 1872.
Ouimet, Marcel:   Recit d'un chomeur en quete de travail, September 24
to November 10, 1938.   Signed Clemar.    [Typescript].
Royal Canadian Mounted Police:    Manuscript left in cairn by Capt. Sir
F. L. McClintoch, in 1859, at Fort Ross on Somerset Island, N.W.T.,
and found by Corp. W. C. Dodsworth, R.C.M.P., on September 2, 1937.
[Photostat].
Scammell, E. H., Estate of:   Joint resolution by the British Parliament on
the entry of the United States into the World War, autographed by
movers and seconders.
Scott, W. L.:   Letters Patent incorporating the Ottawa Canoe Club-House
Co., 1894.
Transfer of lease, Ottawa Canoe Club-House Co., 1894.
Shirreff, Dr. W. F.:  Letter of G. W. Hope (under-secretary in the Colonial
Department), to Charles Shirreff, Esq., dated Downing St., December 8,
1842, on the choice of Bytown as Canada's capital.
Thiverge, Father A.:    Photographic copy of the death certificate of Intend-
ant Dupuy, September 15, 1738.
Willison, Sir John, Estate of:    Papers of Sir John, 1856-1927.
Woolnough, Mrs. C. W.:    Commission by Byng to Benjamin Marlow to
be captain of the Dolphin, dated June 6, 1756.
Map Division
Congress, Library of:    A Correct Map of the State of Vermont by James
Whitelaw, 1796.    (Photostat.)
Constantine, Major General C. F.:   Map of British North America, by
Arrowsmith, 1852. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988 xix
Gould, Alice K.:   Map of Smiths Falls, 1886; Map of Ward Properties,
Smiths Falls.
Print Division
Anonymous.   Evolution of British railways: being a series of fifty-three
illustrated cards.
Baudry, C:   Album of war views, France, 1914-18.
Bovey,   Col.   Wilfrid:    Photographs   of   the   Cartier   Quartercentenary,
Gaspe, 1934.
Coverdale, W. H.:   Photograph of a water-colour sketch of the Quebec
Gate, Montreal.
Craig, Miss H. M.:   Pencil sketch of the Duke of Connaught by Francis
Craig.
Dickson, Mrs. J. R.:   Photograph of General Wolfe's Headquarters, Quebec,
in 1759.
8 Photographs of Laurier's election campaign, 1904.
Photograph of Kent House, Montmorency Falls, Quebec.
Forbes, Mrs. Colin:   Photograph of W. E. Gladstone.
Gibbon, Murray:  Photograph of a painting by J. H. Macnaughton, British
Soldiers at Quebec.
Gonthier, Geo.:    Photograph of a bust of Cardinal Richelieu.
Green, G. Colman:   General Wolfe's Grave, sketch in oils by the donor.
Hoffman,   Samuel   V.:   Two   photographs   of  the   so-called  Champlain
Astrolabe, dated 1605.
Houliston, Colonel J., Estate of:   Etching of Three Rivers, P.Q.
Matthews, Major J. S.:   Photograph of ceremony bestowing the freedom
of Vancouver, B.C., upon Lauchlan Alexander Hamilton at Kissimmee,
Florida, on April 10, 1938.
Mills, Edwin W.:   Photograph of the McClintock Cairn at Fort Ross,
Bellot Strait, N.W.T. _^
^Murphy, The late Edward F.:   Two paintings by Krieghoff:   Le Petit
Coup and Partie de Cartes.
Mcllhinney, M. G.:   Nine photographs and eight plates of Chats Falls,
Ontario, lumbering scenes, etc.
Scott, W. L.: 12 Photographs of Trappist Monastery, Oka.
Photograph of the Old Tadousac Church.
2 Photographs of American Canoe Association groups.
2 " "  Scenes in the Ottawa valley.
2 " "  Devlin picnic, 1886.
Photograph of the first rector of Ottawa University, (Rev.
Father Tabaret).
Stapleton, B. F.: City of Ottawa, Canada West, 1857; lithograph by Stent
and Laver.
Webster, Dr. J. C: Photograph of James Cuthbert of Berthier and photograph of Mrs. James Cuthbert.
Wood, Commissioner S. T.: Fourteen photographs of paintings by G. E.
McElroy depicting R.C.M.P. scenes and types from 1874, some reproduced from contemporary sketches.
Wooding, H. W.:  Two coloured reproductions of aerial photographs ol
Niagara Falls. .   .       ..
Woolnough, Mrs. C. W.: Print of Admiral John Byng from a painting ot
T. Hudson and engraved by R. Houston. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Library Division
American Folk-Lore Society: The Journal of American Folk-Lore, vol. 49,
no. 194 (Oct.-Dec. 1936).
Ami, Mrs. H.: Album of clippings, etc. relating to Colonel Jeffery Hale
Burland, first Commissioner for the Canadian Red Cross overseas, 1914.
Architecture, School of, University of Toronto: St. Andrew's Church,
Niagara-on-the-Lake, being bulletin 153 of the School of Engineering
Research, 1938.
Audet, Dr. F. J.: Le Barreau et la Revolte de 1887, par F. J. Audet. Offprint of Memoires de la Societe Royale du Canada, 3rd series, vol.
XXXI, 1937.
Bailey, A. G.: The Conflict of European and Eastern Algonkian Cultures,,
1504-1700, by A. G. Bailey, being publication no. 2 of the New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, N.B., 1937.
Best, R. I., Director of the National Library of Ireland: Catalogue of
Engraved Irish Portraits mainly in the Joly Collection (Dublin), by
Rosalind M. Elmes.  Bibliography of Irish History, 1912-1921. (Dublin).
Brigham, Clarence S.: Charles Evans, 1850-1935: A Biographical Sketch.
By Clarence S. Brigham. Reprint from Proceedings of the American
Antiquarian Society.
Brown, H. W.: British coronation programmes, etc., 1902.
Bull, Wm. Perkins: From Rattlesnake Hunt to Hockey: History of Sports
in Canada and of the Sportsmen of Peel, 1798-1934. By Wm. Perkins
Bull. (Toronto: 1934). From Hummingbird to Eagle: An Account of
North American Birds which appear or have appeared in the County of
Peel. By Wm. Perkins Bull. (Toronto: 1936). From Medicine Man to
Medical Man: A Record of a Century and a Half of Progress in Health
and Sanitation as Exemplified by Developments in Peel. By Wm.
Perkins Bull. (Toronto: 1934). From Brock to Currie: The Military
Developments and Exploits of Canadians in General and of the Men
of Peel in Particular, 1791 to 1930. By Wm. Perkins Bull. (Toronto:
1935). Spadunk, or From Paganism to Davenport United: A Study
of Community Development, of the Religious Life around which it
centred, and of the Pioneer Personalities which gave shape to both.
By Wm. Perkins Bull.    (Toronto:  1935).
Canadian Numismatic Art Society, Winnipeg: The Canadian Numismatic
Coin Topics, vol. I, no. 1, August, 1938.
Canadienne-frangaise pour l'avancement des sciences, Association: Annates
de VAcfas, vol. 4, 1938.
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: International Conciliation
for 1937.
Caron, Rev. Ivanhoe Robert Caron et sa Famille (Levis: 1937).
[Pamphlet].
Chelsea Club, Ottawa:    Annual Reports, 1925-1937.    [Pamphlets].
Coleman, Dr. E. H.: Reception at the Public Record Office, 26th October,
1988.    [Pamphlet].
Cook, Fred: The Struggle for the Capital of Canada. By Fred Cook.
(Ottawa: 1938).    [Pamphlet].
Correll, Ernst: Mennonite Immigration into Manitoba, Canada: Sources
and Documents (1872, 1873). By Ernst Correll. Reprint from the
Mennonite Quarterly Review, July and October, 1937.
Council of Women, Local, of London, Ont.; Res Gestae Mulierum (Deeds
of Women), 1893-1937 [booklet].
d'Eschambault, Rev. A.: Souvenir Programme of the La Verendrye Bi-Cen-
tennial Celebration, 1738-1988, September 3-11. La Liberie, Winnipeg,
September 14, 1938. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 xxi
Eayrs, Hugh: The Barometer points to Change: An Address delivered to
the Toronto Branch of the Canadian Authors' Association on Friday,
March 11th, 1938.   By Hugh Eayrs.    [Privately printed pamphlet].
Ecole  des  Hautes  Etudes  Commerciales  de  Montreal:     La  Crise  des
Echanges Internationaux 1988.   Par Henri Truchy.
Le Canada et la crise.   Par Henry Laureys.
Etude Economique, vol. VII, Montreal 1937.
Elliott, Jabez H.: William Tempest, 1819-1871; William Fairbanks Tempest, 1846-1866 (1938).   By Jabez H. Elliott.    [Pamphlet].
Sixteenth Century Books in the Academy of Medicine, Toronto.
By Jabez H. Elliott. Reprint from the Bulletin of the Academy of
Medicine, Toronto, April, 1938.
Gisborne, Dr. Francis H.: Our Church in the Maritimes, by C. W. Vernon;
Our Church in Quebec, by A. R. Kelly; Our Church in Ontario, by
A. H. Young; Our Church in Rupert's Land, by B. Heeney; Our Church
in British Columbia, by J. F. Day; being five pamphlets on Our Church
in Canada (Toronto: 1933).
Journal of Proceedings, General Synod of the Church of England
in Canada, Fourteenth Session, held at Halifax, 1937.
Godfrey, Dr. C. E.: Division of Commissions, State Officers, Judges, etc.,
by Thomas A. Mathis, of the State of New Jersey (1938).
Gould, Alice K.: Pembroke Observer, April 24, 1874; Irish Canadian
(Toronto), January 7, 1874: The Globe (Toronto), March 3, 1874.
Grace, Mrs.: The Presbyterian Banner and Its Battles, 1556-1925. By
Mrs. Anna Ross (Toronto).    [Pamphlet].
Graham, Gerald S.: The Gypsum Trade of the Maritime Provinces; its
Relation to American Diplomacy and Agriculture in the Early Nineteenth Century.   Offprint from Agricultural History, July, 1938.
Grape, A., Chief Librarian, Uppsala University: Fredrik den Store infor
Eftervarlden. By Hugo Valentin (Uppsala: 1937); Det Svenska
Licentvosendet I Preussen, 1627-1635, by Einar Wendt (Uppsala: 1933);
Parliamentarism och Partier I England under Minoritetsregerin-
garnas Tid, 1846-1852, by Georg Andren (Uppsala: 1929).
Gresley, Mrs. W. H.: Twenty-first Annual Report of the Local Council
of Women, Ottawa, February, 1915. Programme for the Forty-first
Annual Meeting, October 15 to 19, 1934, of the National Council of
Women of Canada.    [Pamphlet].
Report of the Royal Commission on Child Welfare, 1983 (Toronto:
1930).
Harris, Norman and Linda: Reminiscences of Dear Old "Bayside", Commemorating the Gordon-Campbell Centenary, 1838-1938, by the donors.
[Pamphlet].
Kiwanis Club of West Toronto: Casa Loma: Canada's Famous Castle.
[Pamphlet].
Catalogue of the Walter H. MUlen Collection of Canadiana, compiled by Capt. Percy F. Godenrath.    [Pamphlet].
Landon, Fred: Transactions of the London and Middlesex Historical
Society, part XIV (1930).
Larson, Edward Griffiths: American Military Biography of the Officers
of the Revolution.
Lewis, Ella N.: Sidelights on the Talbot Settlement (St. Thomas: 1938).
[Pamphlet].
Matthews, Major J. S.: Newspaper clipping file on Samuel Larombe,
Canadian prize-wheat grower. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Mission Nationale Franchise, "Cavelier de la Salle:" Louisiane et Texas.
Par A. Chevrillon, F. Strowski, A. Bernard, L. Cazamian, Marquis de
Crequi-Montfort, E. Fabre-Surveyer, M. Hebert, G.-L. Jaray, Mgr. 0.
Maurault,  A.   Martineau,  M.   Morand,   Princesse  A.   Murat,   R.-G.
Nobecourt, H. Peyre, Mme. St.-R. Taillandier, Mme. M. Tinayre, avec
Preface par Gabriel Hanotaux.    (Paris: 1938).
Morin, Victor:   Spy Plan of the Town and Fortification of Montreal in
1758.    [Printed folder].
Morse, Dr. William Inglis: Flower of the Rose.   By Bliss Carman,   [Pamphlet].
Supplement to Local History of Paradise, Annapolis County, Nova
Scotia (1684-1938).    (Boston: 1938).    [Pamphlet].
The Chronicle: Mountain Lake Number (1938), by W. I. Morse,
editor. [Pamphlet].
Catalogue of the William Inglis Morse Collection of Books, Pictures,
Maps and Manuscripts, etc., at Dalhousie University Library. (London:
1938).
McCully, J.:   Reflections of a Headmaster.   By J. McCully.    [Pamphlet].
McFarlane, Samuel H.:    A Century of Service: The History of Saint Paul's
Church, Fredericton, 1832-1932.    [Pamphlet].
McLennan, Mary L.:   A History of the North Easthope Pioneers, County of
Perth, Ontario, Canada, from Perthshire, Scotland (1937), compiled by
Mary L. McLennan.
National Gallery of Canada:   Henri Julien, 1851-1908, Exposition Commemorative (Ottawa, 1938).    [Pamphlet].
Nijhoff, Martinus:   The Dutch Archives and American Historical Research,
by Engel Sluiter. Reprinted from The Pacific Historical Review, March,
1937.
Old Authors' Shop, Montreal:   Quebec Harbour Commissioners' Reports
for the year 1885 (Quebec: 1886).
Annual Report of the Normal, Model, High and Public Schools of
Ontario, for the Year 1875 (Toronto: 1877).
Palmer, Mrs. Olga P., National Archives, Washington, D.C.   Serial Publications pertaining to Archives, Continental Europe, compiled by Mrs.
Olga P. Palmer.    (Mimeograph).
Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology:    Chinese Temple Fresco, bulletin
no. 12, Toronto, 1937.
Scott, W. L.:   The Catholic Ukrainian-Canadians.   By W. L. Scott.   Reprinted from The Dublin Review, April, 1938.
Nullity of Marriage in Canon Law and English Law.   By W. L.
Scott.   Reprinted from the University of Toronto Law Journal, vol. II,
no. 2, 1938.
Shufelt, Henry B.:    Our Folks: A History of the Shufelt Family (1935),
compiled by Henry B. Shufelt.
Smithsonian Institution:    Culture Element Distributions, vol. VI.    South
Sierra Nevada, by H. E. Driver.   Berkeley, Calif., 1937; and vol. VII,
Oregon Coast, by H. G. Barnett, Berkeley, Calif., 1937.    [Pamphlets].
Somers, J. W.:    Municipal Handbook, City of Toronto, 1938, compiled by
J. W. Somers.
Thomsen, Thos., Editor, Committee of the 5th Thule Expedition:   Reports
of the Fifth Thule Expedition, 1921-24, vol. I, nos. 5-6; vol. II, nos. 6-9.
(Copenhagen: 1937).
Vol. I, no. 5:    Ordovician and Silurian Faunas from Arctic Canada,
by Curt Teichert.
Vol. I, no. 6:    A Tillite Occurrence on the Canadian Shield, by Curt
Teichert.
_J REPORT FOR  THE YEAR 1938 xxiii
Vol. II, no. 6:    Birds, by R. Horring.
Vol. II, no. 7:    Fishes, by J. R. Pfaff.
Vol. II, no. 8:    Insects, by K. L. Henriksen.
Vol. II, no. 9:    Crustacea, by K. Stephensen.
Tyrell, J. B.: Letter of Roseman and Perch, July 10th, 1807.   By J. B.
Tyrrell.   Reprint from Oregon Historical Quarterly, December, 1937.
Walton, J. M.:   Extracts from the Aurora Banner of September 16 and 23,
1938, containing articles on Joseph Hartman, M.P.P.
Woolnough, Mrs. C. W.:    Extract from the Universal Magazine, January,
1757, with an account of Admiral Byng's trial.
Division of Technical Services
Bainsmith, B. F.:   Bust of Sir Charles Tupper, by the donor's father, Henry
Bainsmith.    [Loan].
Duff, Miss S. M. G.:   Henry's Bank note for half dollar, dated Laprairie,
27 June, 1808.
Fleming, Alan C:   Lady Aberdeen's signature, 1898.
Fripp, H. D.:    Original autograph copy of "In Flanders Fields" by John
McCrae.
Pen and ink drawing of a cemetery near Ypres by Major General
Sir Edward Morrison, dated 1917.
Murphy, Charles, P. C, M.P.:   Great Seal of Canada in use during the
reign of Edward VH.
Robertson, Mrs. Charles:   Gold watch made by Thos. Wightman in 1692,
sent to Canada 1825 by John Tait and since in the family of Hon. T. N.
Gibbs, MP. and Senator, 1854-82.    '  ■*"
APPENDIX   I
Calendar of miscellaneous State Papers addressed by the
Secretaries of State for the Colonies to the Governors
General or Officers administering the Province
of Lower Canada from 1784 to 1841
(Series G of Public Archives)  FOREWORD
The documents, calendared in the following pages, belonged originally to
the collection of State Papers, (now briefly known as G. Series), comprising the
despatches and enclosures addressed by the Secretaries of State for the Colonies
to the Governors General and Administrators of Lower Canada. At different
times these documents were taken out of their files for some particular purposes
and transferred to other collections, or simply shelved as being duplicates or
circulars. Wherever they were, there they remained when the collection of
despatches was bound in chronological order in volumes bearing consecutive
numbers. Later on, when the stray despatches now calendared were met with
in other collections, they were taken out and placed in special portfolios. This
explains why these despatches were unfortunately omitted when the bound
volumes were calendared in the reports for 1930, 1931 and 1932.
As these stray despatches fill many gaps to be found in G. Series, it has
been decided to publish here a calendar of their contents for the benefit of
enquirers. In order also to facilitate research work, the documents have been
re-incorporated in the regular collection of despatches where they have been
placed according to dates.  CALENDAR OF MISCELLANEOUS  STATE PAPERS
Sydney to Governor Haldimand, Quebec.   Transmitting petition     1784
of Messrs. Robin, Pipon & Company of the Island of Jersey, Mer- JJ^-1,
chants, stating the losses they had sustained in carrying their Fishery  rme
at the Bay of Chaleurs and asking for relief.
Enclosures:—
Petition of Robin, Pipon i.
Company.
Dartmouth to Cramahe.  (Copy.) Transmitting petition of Robin, m 1773
Pipon & Company. ™*p
Sydney to Lieut. Governor Hamilton, Quebec.    Signifying His      1785
Majesty had no further occasion for his services as Lieut. Governor Aug-13-
and directing him to return to England leaving with Colonel Hope
his successor his instructions and documents.
Dundas to Dorchester. (Duplicate.) Respecting the fees and 1794
perquisites of office particularly as regards the Courts of Justice, no J^1*^811'
instrument can create them but simply warrants the receipt of such as
are bona fide legal and customary, and in lieu of which no compensation has been received. Sees no objection to a temporary and discretionary allowance to the Presbyterian Ministers at Quebec and
Montreal since in framing the Canada Act the reservation for the
Church and the Crown in all grants of land was fixed at a larger
proportion than was originally intended to enable the King to make
such an allowance. Will send additional instructions granting him
discretionary power to add temporary members without salary to
the Executive 'Council. Approves of proclamation regarding seditious
attempts. Draws attention to the difference between a penalty
enacted in connection with a revenue bill and a penalty enacted in
connection with a bill for the suppression of crime. Approves of
appointment of Leon Antoine Panet as a Judge of Common Pleas
temporarily. Hopes to be able to furnish more arms and men this
year for Col. Simcoe, so that he may occupy York and Longpoint.
Major Gen. Clarke's leave of absence extended for six months.
Portland to Dorchester.   Leave of absence for Mr. George Pow-      1795
nail, Provincial Secretary of Lower Canada, granted. jSjJa?*"'
Portland to Prescott. Directs judicious notice to be taken of
Courts of Justice and repairing the Consolidating Act.
Portland to Milnes. Enclosing letter from the Bishop of Quebec.
Authorizes appropriation of the site of the late church of the Recol-
lets for the erection of a Metropolitan Church, and also the establishment of Parishes. The right to take tythes depends on special grant
from His Majesty. Importance of Legislature of the Province devising
some mode of providing for its officiating clergy until such time as the
church lands become sufficiently productive for that purpose. A greater
difficulty is to meet with persons of a disposition and character fit to
be trusted with the care of parishes. This subject will be referred to
the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Where the inhabitants
make a reasonable allowance for the incumbent he is authorized to
1798
Whitehall,
Nov. 6.
1799
Whitehall,
July 24. 1800
Whitehall,
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
make a temporary addition from the Provincial revenues not exceeding £100. The Bishop's Patent is subordinate to H.M.'s Commission I
and Instructions and so the question of his power to grant licenses
should be referred to H.M.'s Law Officers in Canada. Calls for a
report on the Seminary of Montreal and their exercise of seignorial
rights in the Island of Montreal.
Enclosure:—
Bishop of Quebec to Portland. (Copy.) Contrasting the situation
of the Protestant Church and its communities with the Church _ of
Rome, requesting legislation for the erection of parishes and regulation
of Church Wardens together with grants for an increase in the number
of clergymen.
Enclosure:—
Portland to Dorchester. (Extract.) Has maturely considered the
rights of the Protestant clergy in Canada to exact tythes from their .
parishioners and also the powers of churchwardens. Will make the
first point the subject of a distinct letter, as to the second point he conceives it must be the subject of legislative regulation under the
restrictions of the late Canada Act.
Portland to Dorchester. (Copy.) Referring to a letter from the
Bishop of Quebec dated 6th Nov. which requested:—
a. £100 a year for a Clergyman for Caldwell and Christie Manors.
(Agrees on condition that £25 per annum provided by the
Parish is absolutely secured to the Incumbent: Government
allowances to be considered as temporary inducements to
Parishes to provide for their own Clergy until such time as the
Church lands shall become sufficiently productive for that
purpose).
b. Title of Commissary be changed to Archdeacon.   (Prefers title
of Bishop's official).
c. Power to grant marriage licenses. (In the Bishop's Patent there
is no express jurisdiction given him in Causes Matrimonial;
will submit the question to the Crown Lawyers).
Portland to Milnes. Enclosing copies of the judgment of the
High Court of Admiralty on the Swedish convoy.
Portland to Milnes. Enclosing copy of a letter to the Bishop of
Quebec on ecclesiastical affiairs.
Enclosure:—
Portland to Bishop of Quebec. Suggesting the expediency of
enquiring among the inhabitants of his own diocese for persons whose
character and disposition render them fit for Holy Orders.
Portland to Milnes. Approving a Metropolitan church at Quebec.
Authorizing grant of 6,600 acres in the township of Clifton to Alexander Ellice. Lords of Treasury considering the expediency of establishing a Custom House at Montreal. Applauding precautions taken to
prevent the spread of infectious distemper. Privy Council considering
his letters Nos. 16, 17 and 21, relative to the Jesuit Estates granted
to Lord Amherst. Requesting report as to what manner and extent
it would be proper to appropriate revenues arising from the Crown
Lands for the education of youth in Lower Canada.    Approving REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1988 K
increased salaries for the Puisne Judges of the Court of King's Bench     1800
in Lower Canada, and also an allowance for Mrs. Walker.   Vesting
the appointment of the Indian Dept. in Lower Canada in the Governor.
Additional Instruction to Governor Lower Canada.   (Duplicate.) st. James-
Relative to Indian Department. Cou^t-
^ July 6.
Portland to Milnes.   (Circular.)   Requesting Report of Executive Whitehall,
Council on the best means to encourage the raising of hemp in Lower De°-18-
Canada.
J. King to Milnes.   Transmitting copy of a letter from General Whitehall,
Prescott and its enclosure upon the subject of the Memorial presented Jan-6-
to the Privy Council by S. Gale on behalf of a number of reduced
officers, and other applicants for grants of land in Lower Canada.
Enclosure:—
Copy of the Memorial.   (Printed.)
John Sullivan to Milnes.   Transmitting Speech from the Throne      1803
at the opening of Parliament. now1m8 St"
Hobart to Milnes.   (Circular.)   Enclosing copy of H.M.'s Order- Downingst.,
in-Council for detaining ships belonging to the subjects of the French Mayi7.
and Batavian Republics.
Hobart to Milnes.    (Circular.)    Enclosing copy of the papers Downingst.,
relating to the late discussions between H.M.'s Government and that Ma*19-
of the French Republic.
Hobart to Milnes.   (Separate).   In answer to No. 65 respecting     1804
the Church Establishment in Lower Canada.    Differences between DowningSt.,
heads of Protestant and Roman Catholic churches should not be  an'"
excited.   The impropriety of assuming any new titles or exercising
any additional powers should be intimated to the Catholic Bishop.
The French  emigrant priests should also be reminded that their
residence in Canada is only upon sufferance.   Requests sentiments
of the Protestant Bishop with respect to the policy of fixing his seat
.l|in' Upper  Canada.   Requests return  of incomes  of the livings in
Lower Canada.   Contemplates establishment and endowment of an
extensive institute of education in the higher branches to commence
by erection of seminaries at Quebec and Montreal.
Windham to Milnes.   Approving pensions of £300 for Sir George      1807
Pownall retiring Secretary and Registrar of Lower Canada. SSm.
Liverpool to Prevost.   (Duplicate).   Approving appointments of     isn
persons recommended to be members of the Executive and Legislative ^0w^"gSt-'
Council.   Mr. Baby as Grand Voyer, the Senior Magistrate at Three
Rivers to be Chairman of the Quarter Sessions with £200 per annum.
Authorizing allowance in lieu of forage for Adjutant and Quartermaster General of the Militia.
Bathurst to Prevost.  (No. 6).    Sanctioning levy of Glengarry      isi2
emigrants and the grant of 100 acres of land under the usual stipula- J^m*8*"
tions for its cultivation and improvement to each man when disbanded
or to his family if he should die.   Hopes that 100th Regiment has
been detached to Halifax and that the Royals will arrive at Quebec
soon   from  Barbados.    97th   Regiment   is now   under   orders   for 1813
Downing St.,
1814
DowningSt..
1815
Downing St.
Jan. 13.
1816
Downing St.
March 14.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Halifax and 102nd Regiment to Bermuda.   Regrets requisitions for
specie cannot be complied with and also that the transport which
sailed from England last autumn with a supply of Ordnance stores for I
Quebec had not arrived.   The "Lady Shore" with arms and ammunition for 10,000 men now ordered to Quebec. Approves of the general
principle that the defence of Quebec is paramount to every other consideration.   In self-defence the Indians must be employed, but under
control. Urges economy and reference Home where possible. Anxious I
to ascertain the expense involved in removal of naval establishment I
from Kingston to York.   Application should be made to the Provincial House of Assembly for pensions for Justice Williams and Mr.
de Bonne retired from the Bench.
Bathurst to Prevost.    (No. 15.)   Concurring in his suggestion as
to the necessity of securing the territory of the Indians from encroachment.    Reinforcements  (13th, 98th, and 41st Foot)  proceed immediately to Bermuda and enter the St. Lawrence as soon as the season I
will admit; two hundred sailors proceed to Quebec in the Spring.
Enclosure:—
Memorandum of stores sent to North Ameriea, 1811-1812.
Bathurst to Prevost. Introducing Mr. Scott, Comptroller of
Customs at Quebec.
Bathurst to Prevost. Approving an allowance of seventy five
pounds per circuit performed by the Justices of the H.M.'s Courts of
King's Bench.
Bathurst to Prevost. Enclosing copy of Treaty of Ghent and
instructions as to the cessation of hostilities.
Bathurst to Prevost. Instructions regarding Treaties which may
be made with and by the Indian Nations.
Goulburn to Drurnmond. Permission granted to Mr. Vander-
sheys and family to proceed to Quebec.
Bathurst to Drurnmond. Transmitting representation from Hudson's Bay Co., expressing apprehension of attack by the Indian
Nations near the Red River.
Goulburn to Drurnmond. Permission to settle in Canada granted
Taitt and family.
Bathurst to Drurnmond. Refusing further grant of land to Mr.
Felton and his associates.
Enclosure:—
Opinion of H.M.'s Attorney and Solicitor General, stating that
Honorary Members of the Executive Council when summoned are
duly qualified to sit as Members of the Court of Appeals.
Bathurst to Drurnmond. Transferring the superintendence and
supreme control of the Indian Department and all Indian Affairs to
the Military Commander of the North American Provinces.
Bathurst to Drurnmond. Ordering reduction of Indian Establishment to the footing upon which it stood in 1811, and the transfer of
the establishment formerly maintained at Fort Joseph to Drurnmond
Island. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1988 AS
Bathurst to Drurnmond.   Transmitting Return of various stores     1816
shipped as ordered for the year 1815. a"^88*"
Bathurst   to   Administrator.     Enclosing   correspondence   with Downingst.,
-Captain Norton conferring upon him the colonial rank of Lieut. M"^10-
Col. over the Indian Nations and securing to him and his companions
tiie possession of those lands originally assigned to them at the con-
Ielusion of the first American War.
Enclosures:—
(1) Norton to Goulburn.    Petitioning grant of land on Lake     1315
Huron, to be placed under Military administration and that the ^J"'
issue of arms, ammunition and clothing be confined to April and
September.   Requesting permission to go to the aid of Indian allies
should they be attacked.
(2) Norton to Goulburn.    Petitioning confirmation of Haldi- London,
I mand's grant on the Grand River in 1783, also a reward for those Dec- b
wounded in the last war as well as payments for lands from the
United States.
{3) Goulburn to Norton.   Acceding to his petition in terms but London,
^warning him against any act of hostility towards the United States.      Jan< *•
(4) Goulburn to Norton.   Acknowledging his services during the     1816
war and conferring the rank of Lieut. Colonel upon him.   Promising ^"j™884"'
gifts to Chiefs and warriors as well as the wounded.
Goulburn to Administrator.    Permit to Anthony Barelli  and DowningSt.,
Dominica Balzaretti to visit Canada. May it.
i Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Ordering the withholding of assistance
to Indians who remain in a state of idleness at a'distance from the seat
of their tribes.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke.   Forbidding presents to Indian Nations
resident in the United States.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke.    Ordering reduction of expenses defrayed
by Great Britain especially as regards settlers and Indians.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke.   Authorizing payment of pension to
Major Norton.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Transmitting copy of a letter from the ^
Treasury requesting an account of Indian stores and presents.
Enclosure:—
Harrison to Goulburn. Enclosing abstract of Storekeepers J
Returns and requesting an account of Indian stores and presents in i
Canada.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Ordering Indian Department to deliver i
Indian stores and presents to the Storekeeper General's Department.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke.   Requesting report on the Indian popart" \
ment in Upper Canada and the measures considered expedient for its
future regulation.
Dowi
ling St.
Dowr
July]
ringBt,
Dowi
July!
ling St.
ra.
Dowi
July'.
ling St.
Dowi
ling St. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Enclosure:—
Memorandum by Lt.  Col. James, 37th Regt. on the Indian
Department, Upper Canada, 1814-16, indicating the incapacity of
House of
Commons,
Feb. 12.
1817
Downing St.,
Jan. 2.
1818
Downing St.
May 13.
1817
York, U.O.
Nov. 7.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Approving issue of pay to Lieut.
Brisbois and Interpreters Soleman and Desaunier till 24th April next,
when the reduction of the Indian Department at Drurnmond Island
could take place.
An Account of Imports and Exports from Great Britain to
Canada, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton and;
Newfoundland, from 1804 to 1814.    (Printed).
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Approving increase of salary for Rev.
Mr. Bellinger, Roman Catholic Missionary of the Mic Mac Indians
at Restigouche.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Approving the continuance of Mr.
Richardson as surgeon to the Indians at Amherstburg and also of the
Indian schoolmaster at Lorette.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Transmitting letter from the Treasury
authorizing issue of six months salary to persons thrown out of employment by the transfer of the Indian stores and presents in Canada
to the Storekeeper General's Department and calling for a list of such
persons showing their age and length of service.
Enclosure:—
Secretary of the Treasury to Goulburn. Authorizing compensation
to unemployed people in the Indian Department.
Goulburn to Sherbrooke.
in Canada.
Goulburn to Sherbrooke.
Canada.
Goulburn to Sherbrooke. Transmitting letter from Chas Anderson requesting acknowledgment on the part of the Colonial Government to his title to 1200 acres of land at Rice Lake in the Indian
country.
Enclosures:—
Charles Anderson to Bathurst. Seeking acknowledgment of his
title to 1200 acres of land in the Indian country.
Copy of General Order appointing Lieutenant Anderson.
Plan of Chippewa lands on Rice Lake.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke. Transmitting application from Ensign
Fitzgerald, 41st Regt. requesting grant of 200 acres Crown Reserves^
Upper Canada.
Enclosures:—
Fitzgerald to Bathurst. Seeking permission to be allowed to
locate an ungranted wild lot contiguous and westward of this Garrison
Keserve of which he is Fort Adjutant.
fnr 0Fi^f£eral? f0 ^hurst    Petition detailing his services and asking
for a piece of land from Crown Reserves.
Permit for Thomas Sigsworth to settle
Permit for John Farr to settle in REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1938 A11
Sherbrooke to Samuel Smith.   Transmitting letter with enclosures     1818
tfrom Lord Bathurst relating to applications of Dennis Fitzgerald. juiy^.'
Bathurst to Richmond.   Enclosing authority from the Treasury     1819
for the purchase for public purposes of Indian lands near Lake Simcoe MtTm*8*''
and Rice Lake in Upper Canada, and for the sale of as much thereof as    aT
possible to individuals to reimburse to Government the expense which
may be incurred by the purchase.   Proper attention to be paid to the
interest and future comforts of the Indians.
Enclosure:—
I   Lushington to Goulburn.    Authorizing the purchase of Indian Treasury
lands near Simcoe and Rice Lakes. MaTM6™'
Bathurst to Richmond.   Transmitting correspondence with the Do^1 %
Committee of Privy Council for Trade and authorizing grant of 150 junTia!*   "
acres of land to C. F. Grece who proceeded to Canada in 1806 for the
purpose of promoting the cultivation of hemp.
Enclosures:—
(1) Lack to Goulburn.   Enquiring whether title to 150 acres has Whitehall,
been granted to C. F. Grece. May14-
(2) Lack to Goulburn.   Recommending that the grant in ques- Whitehall,
tion should be completed.
Palmerston to Dalhousie.   Transmitting copy of a letter from w"<*Bce'
Lieut. Alexander McDonell late of Butler's Rangers and enquiring
whether his appointment as assistant secretary to the Indian Department is of a military nature.
Enclosure:—
McDonell to the Secretary of War.   Stating the Indian Depart-     1820
ment is a military establishment paid from the Extraordinaries of the J^^
Army, sole control of it being vested in the G.O.C. of the Forces.
Bathurst to Dalhousie. Acknowledging receipt of his Despatch j^?^
No. 50, of 20th June last and enclosure relative to a certain book of Aug. 29.
Commissions and several Indian treaties claimed by the State of New
York. Authorizing him to decline the delivery of the documents
without specific instructions. In the meantime he may be enabled to
ascertain through Sir John Johnson whether they contain anything
which can make their delivery to the State of New York in any degree
objectionable.
Bathurst to Dalhousie.   Acknowledging receipt of letter of June DowningSt.,
28th with enclosures relating to a book of Indian treaties claimed by o*-30-
the State of New York which claim must be declined for the present.
Wilmot to Dalhousie.    Authorizing a grant of  1200 acres to ^822
Robert MacRobb and a reserve of 2000 acres adjoining it. June 8.
Bathurst to Dalhousie.   Transmitting copy of a letter from the jjJMg*^
Treasury approving acceptance of Mr. Caldwell's proposal to rent the Mar. 31.
Seigniory of Lauzon for two years.   Ordering remainder of his property
to be sold within such reasonable time and in the manner most beneficial to the Crown and Mr. Caldwell, in liquidation of the Crown s
debt. 1827
Downing St.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Bathurst to Dalhousie. Appointing Mr. Givens to be Deputy
Superintendent General of the Indian Department on the death of Lt.
Col. Claus. Promising to attend to the recommendation of Maj. Gen.
Darling at the expected vacancy at the Head of the Department.
King in Council. Assenting to five Bills passed by the Legislature of Lower Canada in 1826.
King in Council. Disallowing Bill re keeping of Registers of
Baptisms, Marriages and Burials by Protestant dissenters.
King in Council,
the Session of 1826.
Assenting to twenty eight Bills passed during
Goderich to Dalhousie. Transmitting copy of a letter from the
Treasury sanctioning a pension of one hundred dollars to the Indian
Chief Aimable Chevalier.
Treasury
Chambers,
June 2.
Treasury
Chambers,
1828
DowningSt.,
Feb. 28.
1828
Downing St.,
1830
Downing St.,
Enclosure:—
Hill to Horton.
Sanctioning pension for Indian Chief.
Goderich to Dalhousie. Transmitting copy of a letter from the
Treasury sanctioning the appointment of a blacksmith to the Indian
Department of Amherstburg and enquiring the expense actually incurred in each of the last four years for repairing arms for the Indians.
Enclosure:—
Planta to Horton. Authorizing the appointment of a blacksmith
at Amherstburg.
Goderich to Dalhousie. Stating it is not in his power to come
to any decision upon the application of Lt. Col. Claus' widow for
a pension until the question of the revenue and expenditure of the
Canadas has been more thoroughly considered and settled.
Huskisson to  Dalhousie.    Authorizing  the  appointment  of
person of competent legal knowledge as Chief Commissioner, Court of
Escheats, with a salary of £500 per annum and a clerk at £150 per
annum to be defrayed with the other expenses of the Board out of
the revenue which may be produced by the sale of the Crown lands I
and timber.
G. Murray to Dalhousie. No. 6. Transmitting copy of a letter
from the Foreign Office with its enclosure from Mr. Vaughan by which i
it appears that in consequence of his representation to the Government of the United States measures have been adopted with the view
of preventing the recurrence of bad conduct on the part of the
American Indians at the village of St. Regis.
G. Murray to Kempt. Transmitting copies of letters relating to
Mr. Talbot.
Enclosures:—
(1) Kerrison to G. Murray. Enclosing letter from Mr. Patterson relating to Mr. Talbot.
(2) H. Patterson to Kerrison.   Stating serious losses compelled *
Mr. Talbot to leave the Stock Exchange and emigrate to Canada.
He has active habits and intelligence. REPORT FOR   THE  YEAR  1988 A1C-
G. Murray to Kempt.    No. 135.    (Duplicate).    Transmitting      1830
copy of a letter from the Treasury increasing Mr. Mitchell's retired j^™"88*"
Ifllowance as an assistant surgeon from 4/ to 6/ per diem, but his
|laim of half-pay as a surgeon in the Army is not admitted.
Enclosure:—
I    Stewart to Hay.   Authorizing an increase of retiring allowance Treasury
for Mr. Mitchell. Chambers,
July 21.
G. Murray to Aylmer.   Transmitting copy of a letter from the Downingst.,
Treasury with regard to the allowance for travelling expenses to Nov.w.
officers of the Indian Department in Canada.
Enclosure:—
Dawson to  Hay.   Stating allowances  of personal  as well  as Treasury
travelling expenses to officers of the Indian Department (with the chambers,
exception of the President and Interpreter at Montreal)  should be
left to the discretion of the Commander of the Forces.
Gugy to Kerr. Transmitting despatch No. 3, with two enclosures. 1831
^Requesting report from Executive Council as to whether any objec- gtas£ewis
Ron exists to the repeal of the duty on salt in Canada. Jan. ai.
Goderich to Aylmer.   No. 100.   Transmitting copy of despatch     1832
to Colborne enclosing letter from Thomas Wilson suggesting improve- ^"riTas88*''
ments and reductions in the Indian Department.   Enquiring as to the
accuracy of Wilson's statements and the applicability of his suggestions to the Province of Lower Canada.
Enclosures:—
(1) Goderich to Colborne.    (Copy.)    Transmitting copy of a Downingst.,
Iletter to the Treasury relating to the expense of the Indian Depart- April 3.
ment in Canada and considering it proper to submit to Parliament an
estimate instead of paying the officers salaries from the Military
Chest. Requesting statement shewing the amount which the Indians
are entitled to claim on the faith of Treaties for the purchase of their
lands, as this part of the expense ought to be defrayed from the fund
produced by the sale of lands. It may then be possible to judge how
far it may be proper to charge a portion of the expense on the Casual
and Territorial Revenue. Transmitting letter and memorandum from
Thomas Wilson and requesting opinion on the question of curtailing
both establishment and presents.
(2) Thos. Wilson to Hay. (Copy.) Describing distribution of London,
presents worth £7000 at Drurnmond Island in Lake Huron to subjects Jan-5-
of the United States Government; this property the American traders
at Michilimackinac obtained in return for spirituous liquors and afterwards gave them back for furs. Children in the Missionary School
there taught to respect the United States Government and dislike the
British. Presents given at Amherstburg exposed for sale in Detroit.
At Grape Island the Indians are managed by a Mr. Case, placed there
by the American Methodist Conference at Pittsburg. Recommending
commutation of all future claims and abolition of the Department.
Assent to two Acts passed in Lower Canada in 1833.   Enclosed     1834
in No. 63, 27 May, 1834. %£*F
Account of Small Stores.   Enclosed in No. 15, 5 February, 1835. sePt.30. 1837
St. James,
June 22.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Appeal from Lower Canada in the Privy Council in the case of
K. C. Chandler and others appellants, and the Attorney General^
respondent.   Enclosed in No. 27, 5 March, 1835.
Hay to Aylmer.    Transmitting copy of letter from Treasury*
explaining the grounds upon which only a moiety of the usual stores I
for Indian presents were furnished in 1833-4.   Directions given for
transmitting without delay the stores required for the present year.;
Enclosure:—
Stewart to Hay.    Board was precluded from authorizing the'
transmission of more than a moiety of the articles requisitioned, as
the amount placed at their disposal by Parliament to defray the
charge for Indian presents in 1833-4 was limited.   Board inferred?!,
the accumulations in stores would cover the balance.
Authority to use the seal of the Province of Lower Canada until,
another is prepared.
Glenelg to Gosford. No. 269. Answer to No. 79 of 4th August,
1837, respecting the fees of the Vice-Admiralty Court. Subject to
be brought before the Provincial Legislature.
An Act to make temporary provision for the Government of
Lower Canada. (Containing instructions for Special Council of the
Province.)   Enclosed in No. 28, 19 February, 1838.
Glenelg to Durham. (Duplicate No. 77.) Enclosing copy of
report from Attorney and Solicitor General. The Queen commands
that the sentence of death passed on "Cadieu" be commuted for transportation for life to one of the penal settlements in Australia.
Enclosure:—
Opinion of Attorney and Solicitor General.
Glenelg to Durham. Enclosing correspondence with the Treasury
on the subject of the establishment of a tariff of fees for the Vice-
Admiralty Court at Quebec. A questionnaire now being prepared in
order to elicit information necessary for the guidance of H.M.'s
Government. Requesting issue out of the Revenues of Lower
Canada to the Registrar £250 and to the Marshall £125 as their
remuneration for the 18 months ending on 31st March last; until a
tariff shall be established they will continue to receive salaries, the;'
former at £150 and the latter £75.
Normanby to Colborne. (Circular.) Requesting that he confine
himself to making the agreement with the master of the vessel for1
the conveyance home of convicts and refer the parties to the Department of the Accountant General of the Navy for payment.
Glenelg to Colborne.
Lower Canada.
Transmitting seal for use of Province of
Normanby to Colborne. Transmitting claim of Mr. Roebuck for
arrears of salary as agent of the House of Assembly to be brought
under the notice of the Special Council.
Enclosure:—
Mr. Roebuck's claim for £1900. as agent of the House of Assembly
of Lower Canada from 1835 to 1837. REPORT FOR   THE  YEAR  1988 A
Russell to Sydenham.    No.  279.    Stating that if any more      1841
prisoners are sent to England for transportation they will be returned ja^T*   "
to the Province.
Russell to Governor of Canada.   Circular relating to the laws Downingst.,
and customs for enforcing quarantine, and payment of customs and ApriU
port dues by vessels.
Enclosure:—
Geo:  IV cap:  LXXVIII.    An Act to repeal the several laws      1825
relating to the performance of quarantine and to make other pro- June27-
visions in lieu thereof.
Convention of Commerce and Navigation between Her Majesty      1841
and the Hans Towns.   Accompanying Circular from Downing Street Augd3n'
dated 6 September. 1 INDEX TO MISCELLANEOUS STATE PAPERS
Acts.   See Lower Canada.
Admiralty. See Courts, Admiralty, Vice-Admiralty.
Amherstburg. Surgeon for Indians at, 10;
blacksmith for Indians at, 12.
Anderson, Lieut. Charles.    Claims land, 10.
Archdeacon. Title substituted for that of
Commissary, 6.
Attorney General.   See Law Officers.
Baby, Hon. Francis. Appointed Grand Voyer,
7.
Balzaretti, Dominica.   To visit Canada, 9.
Barelli, Anthony.    To visit Canada, 9.
Batavia.   Ships to be detained, 7.
Bellinger, Rev. .   Missionary to Mic Macs,
m lo.
Brisbois, Lieut. Michel, Indian Dept. Pay of,
10.
Cadieu, (Half-breed). Sentence to be commuted, 14.
Caldwell, John, Receiver General. Sale of
property of, 11.
Chandler, K.C.   Appeal to Privy Council, 14.
Chevalier, Amable.   Pension to, 12.
Church of England. Position and rights of,
5-7; establishment of Metropolitan Church
approved, 5-6.  See also Quebec, Bishop of.
Church, Presbyterian.   Allowance to ministers,
Church, Roman Catholic. Relation to Church
of England, 6; policy to be adopted, 7. See
also Quebec, Bishop of.
Churches. Religious establishment of Lower
Canada, 7; relation between churches, 7;
Dissenters not to keep registers of births,-
etc., 12.
Clarke, Major General A.   Leave extended, 5.
Claus, Lieut.-Col. William. Death of, 12;
pension for  widow  of,  12.
Council, Executive. Addition of temporary
members, 5; appointments to; approved,
7; to report on hemp, 7; qualifications of
members of Court of Appeal, 8; to report
on salt duty, 13.
Council, Legislative. Appointments to, approved, 7.
Courts.   Fee of, 5.
Court of Admiralty, High. Judgment concerning Swedish convoy, 6.
Court of Appeals. Qualifications of members,
8.
Court of Escheats.    Commissioner for, 12.
Court of Vice-Admiralty. Fees and salaries
of, 14.
Customs.    Establishment  at  Montreal,  6.
Desaulnier, Louis, Interpreter, Indian Dent.
Pay of, 10.
Drurnmond Island. Indian establishment, 8,
10. '    '
Education. Proposal to employ crown revenues for, 6; proposed seminaries, 7.
Ellice, Alexander.   Grant to, 6.
Farr, Thomas.   To settle in Canada, 10.
Felton, W. B.   Additional grant refused to, 8.
Fishery.   Petition of Robin, Pipon and Co., 5.
Fitzgerald, Ensign Dennis, 41st Regiment. Application for land, 10-11.
Fort Joseph. Indian establishment removed
from, 8.
France. Ships to be detained, 7; discussions
with, 7.
Gale, S.   Presents memorial, 7.
Givens, Major James. Appointed Deputy
Superintendent General of Indian Affairs,
12.
Glengarry.   Regiment to be raised, 7.
Governor. Instructions re Indian Department,
7.
Grece, C. F.    Grant to, 11.
Hamilton, Henry, Lieut.-Gov. of Quebec. To
be succeeded by Hope, 5.
Health.   Precautions, 6.
Hemp.   Report required, 7.
Hudson's Bay Company. Fear Indian attack,
8.
Indians. Instructions re treaties with, 8; military employment of, 8; attack by, apprehended near Red River, 8; Norton to
be Lieutenant Colonel over, 9; support
to be withheld from certain, 9; residents
of United States not to receive presents,
9; land claimed by Anderson, 10; authority given for purchase of lands at Rice
Lake from, 11; documents respecting,
claimed by New York, 11; conduct of
American Indians at St. Regis, 12.
Indian Department. Instructions regarding,
7; reduction of, 8, 10; superintendence of,
8; report required, 9; expense of, 9, 13;
stores and presents, 9, 13; memorandum
on, 10; Roman Catholic missionary at
Re'stigouche, 10; surgeon at Amherstburg,
10; schoolmaster at Lorette, 10; appointment of A. McDonell, 11; Givens, appointed Deputy Superintendent General,
12; pension to Amable Chevalier, 12;
charges made by "Wilson, 13; travelling
expenses of officers, 13; blacksmith at
Amherstburg for, 12.
James, Lieut.-Col. Reginald, 37th Regiment.
Memorandum on Indian Department, 10.
L_ PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Jesuit Estates.   Problem under consideration,     Qi
Judges.    Appointment of  Panet,  5;   salaries
of, 7; allowances to, 8.
Land, Applications. By reduced officers, 7;
Felton, 8; Anderson, 10; Fitzgerald, 10.
Land grants. A. Elhce, 6; Norton, 9; Grece,
11; MacRobb, 11.
Lauzon, Seigniory of.    Rent of, 11.
Law Officers, British. Question of ecclesiastical rights in matrimonial causes to be
referred to, 6; opinion on qualifications of
members of Court of Appeals, 8; opinion
on Cadieu's case, 14.
Longpoint.   Proposed occupation of, 5.
Lorette.   Indian schoolmaster at, 10.
Lower Canada. Disallowance of act for keeping of registers of births, etc., 12; assent
given to acts, 12-13; act to make temporary provisions for government of, 14; new
seal for, 14.
MacRobb, Robert.    Grant to, 11.
Marriages. Power to grant licences, 6; question to be submitted to law officers, 6;
Dissenters not to keep registers of, 12.
MacDonell, Lieut. A., Butler's Rangers. Appointed to Indian Department, 11.
Military. Reinforcements for Colonel Simcoe,
5; proposed occupation of York and Long-
point, 5; reduced officers apply for land,
7; arrangements and dispositions, 1812,
7-8; to have control over Indian Department, 8; employment of Indians, 8; arrangements for transportation of convicts,
14.
  Militia.    Allowances for Adjutant  and
Quartermaster General,  7.
  Ordnance.   Supplies, 8.
    Regiments.     Glengarry,   7;   Royal,   7;
100th, 7; 97th, 7-8; 13th, 41st, 98th, 102nd,
8.
Mitchell, Daniel, Assistant Surgeon, retired.
Allowance to, 13.
Montreal. Customs establishment at, 6; seigniorial rights in, 6; proposed educational
institution at, 7.
Mountain, Rt. Rev. Jacob, Bishop of Quebec. See Quebec, Bishop of, Church of
England.
Norton, Captain J. Military rank of, 9; grant
to, 9; pension for, 9.
Orders in Council, British. Detention of
French and Batavian ships, 7.
Parliament,   British.     Speech   from   Throne,
1803, transmitted, 7.
Pownall, George, Secretary of Lower Canada.
Leave to, 5; pension for, 7.
Presbyterian.   See Church, Presbyterian.
Prisoners.   Not to be sent to England, 15.
Privy Council.   Appeal of Chandler to, 14.
tine.   Circular relating to, 15.
Quebec. Proposed educational institution at,
7.
Quebec, Bishop of. Church of England. Correspondence with, 5-6; Seat of, 7.
Quebec, Bishop of, Roman Catholic. Powers I
and titles of, 7.
Receiver General.   See Caldwell, John.
Red River.   Fear of attack by Indians at, S
Regiments.   See Military, Regiments.
Registers. Of births, etc., not to be kept by
Dissenters, 12.
Restigouche.   Indian missionary at, 10.
Revenues of Crown. Proposal to employ for |
education, 6.
Rice Lake.   Chippewa lands at, 10.
Richardson, Dr. Robert. Surgeon at Amhersfc
burg, 10.
Robin, Pipon and Co.   Petition of, 5.
Roebuck, John Arthur, Agent of Assembly, j
Claim of, 14.
Salt.   Council to report on duty on, 13.
Scott, Thomas, Comptroller of Customs.  1
troduced, 8.
Sedition   Proclamation approved, 5.
Seigniorial System.   In Montreal, 6.
Settlers. Expenses for, to be reduced, 8. Taitt,
8; Thomas Segsworth, 10; John Farr, 10;
Talbot, 12.
Segsworth, Thomas.   To settle in Canada, 10.
Simcoe, Col. John Graves, Lieut.-Gov. of
Upper Canada. Military reinforcements
for, 5.
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, i
Reference to be made to, 5.
Solicitor General.   See Law Officers.
Soloman, William, Interpreter, Indian Department.   Pay of, 10.
St. Regis. Conduct of American Indians at,
12.
St. Sulpice, Seminary of. Rights in Montreal,
6.
Sweden.   Judgment re Swedish convoy, 6.
Taitt, James.   To settle in Canada, 8.
Talbot,  .   To settle in Canada, 12.
Three Rivers.   Chairman of Quarter £
appointed, 7.
Trade.   Imports and exports, 10.
Treaties. Of Ghent, 8; with Indians, 8; book
of Indian treaties claimed by New York,
11; of commerce with Hans Towns, 15.
United States. Indians resident in, no'
to receive presents, 9; New York claims
Indian documents, 11; measure taken re
conduct of Indians at St. Regis,  12.
Vandersheys,  .   To proceed to Quebec, 8
Vessels. Regulations governing dues and quarantine, 15.
Walker, Mrs.  .    Allowance for,
War of 1812.   7-8.
Wilson, Thomas. Suggestion for reductions in
Indian Department,  13.
York.    Proposed  occupation of, 5 APPENDIX II
CALENDAR
OF  THE  DALHOUSIE PAPERS 1746
April 17.
1759
1781
February 4.
1791
May 30.
1799
July 28 to
August 28.
KHen Keiten,
August 28.
Schagenburg,
September 10.
Schagenburg,
September 21.
October 4.
1799
Akmaer,
October 5.
October 20.
October 22.
1807
1812
July 3.
October 6.
1813
1815
May 15.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
VOLUME I
Captain (afterwards General) Wolfe to friend, describing the
battle of Culloden.
Marechal Contades' disposition of the allied army at battle of
Minden.
Major Hay to Bruce. On preservation of troops health, during
voyage to America.
Notes on America from 1497.
Lord Grenville. Speech in Parliamentary Debate on the appointment of judges in Canada.
Dalhousie.  Notes on Weld's Travels in North America.
Dalhousie. Diary during Expedition to the Dutch Coast under
Abercrombie.
Order of Battle.
Abercrombie's Despatch.
General Order.
General Order.
General Order.
Commander-in-Chief to Dundas.   Despatch.
General Order.
Dalhousie to Coote.
Coote to Dalhousie.
Abstract of clauses of instruction i
to Sir J. Craig.
State of Barracks at Shorecliffe, Hythe and Brabourne Lees.
Table of Returns, Sundgate.
J. H. A. Roux.    Address to Parish of Montreal calling out
Militia.
Dalhousie.   Receipt for fifteen hundred Spanish dollars.
Dalhousie's Commission as Lieut. General. Returns—7th
Infantry Division.
General Order re Capt. Archibald Johnson's resignation from the
Canadian Fencible Infantry.
Dalhousie.   Narrative of events during the Battle of Waterloo.
Report on Havannah's defences.
Journal de Rouen.    (French.)
Report on roads, Digby to Halifax, N.S.
i to granting of lands given REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
VOLUME II
Grant of Barrack Grounds at St. John.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, notifying him of his appointment
Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie's commission as Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia.
Duke of York, Commander-in-Chief, to Dalhousie. Instructions
as General Officer Commanding in Nova Scotia.
Darling to Dalhousie. Notifying him of his appointment as
Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies.
Palmerston to Dalhousie.   Similar notification.
Archbishop of Canterbury to Dalhousie. Recommending Society
for Education of Poor and the Society for the Propagation of Christian
Knowledge.    (Halifax branches) to his protection.
Sidmouth to Dalhousie. Giving him power to convene and confirm courts martial and appoint provost martial.
Angus Shaw, Proprietor North West Co. to James Fraser at
Halifax.   Regarding Lord Selkirk's actions at Red River.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke. Reporting his arrival, assumption of
Command and Government of Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Palmerston. Transmitting memorial of Quarter
Master Gillman.
Dalhousie to Lieut. General Calvert, reporting arrival at Halifax.
Dalhousie to Torrens, reporting arrival at Halifax.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, re General Smyth's leave, and reporting
barracks in miserable state.
Dalhousie to Fitzherbert, enclosing letter from Uniacke.
Myers to Smith, acknowledging receipt of a plan of Kingston.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, transmitting copy of letter from
I&hurst re encouragement to settlers in Canada; requests information on that subject.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, re Lieut. Col. Ramsay and Major
Anstruther.
Dalhousie to Torrens, re arrival and departure of transport brig
Prince of Orange.
Dalhousie to Secretary at War, respecting the new allowance of
rations.
Dalhousie to Bucleuch.   First impressions of Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to A. C. Harris, transmitting memorial from Mr.
Sinnot.
Dalhousie to Torrens, recommending Lieut. Gallagher 98th Regiment for promotion.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Col. Addison, re Col. Fitzherbert.
John Gordon to Dalhousie, items of personal interest.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, Diocesan Committee of Halifax express thanks for interest and patronage.
1816
Quebec,
February 28.
Halifax,
November 2.
Halifax,
November 2.
Halifax,
November 4.
Halifax,
November 6.
Halifax,
November 0.
Halifax,
November 12.
Halifax,
December 22.
1817
L Halifax,
February 1!
London,
March 7.
Halifax,
Halifax,
AprU 23.
Halifax,
May 6.
Halifax,
May 9.
Halifax,
May 17.
Halifax,
June 10.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, re disposal of Castine Duties and again I
requesting a statement of Government aid to settlers in Canada;}-
alluded to in Bathurst's letter of 4th October; also re winter mails'(.■
being sent by New York.
Dalhousie to Major-Genl. Smyth, re allowances, civil and:
military.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, death of Wills, a foreman of labourers.
Henry H. Cogswell to Lieut. Governor, Report regarding grants
of land in Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Smythe, re transfer in Garrison Orders.
John Gordon to Dalhousie, regimental accounts.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, asks for explanation of Order respecting Brigade Major assuming duties of Q.M.G. Department.
Kempt to Dalhousie, introducing Major Fitzgerald of the 60th"
Regiment and relating anecdote about Lord Combermere and governorship of Canada.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, reporting arrival of 15th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Torrens, re absorption of the 7th Battalion into 2nd
and 3rd Battalions of 60th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, on reductions in military establishments.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, disclosing orders received from England re movements of certain military units and individuals.
Extracts from a Pamphlet entitled The Colonial Policy of Great
Britain, by a British Traveller, 1816. Chiefly concerning defence,/
trade, and emigration.
Louisiana, a pamphlet by Tallyrand submitted to Bonaparte
while Consul.   Extracted from the Colonial policy of Great Britain.?.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, the mutiny of the 7th battalion.
Dalhousie to George Damerum, contract with Moodie & Co.
Dalhousie to Sir Henry Torrens, objecting to Colonel Fitzherbert being sent to 98th Regiment.
Judge Stewart to Dalhousie, about conditions in Pictou District.
Extracts from Mr. Sabatier's manuscript, on the Eastern and
Southern States.
Joseph Stonard to Dalhousie, regarding the Society for the
Propagation of Christian Knowledge policy in America in connection!
with Indians.
Vaughan to Dalhousie, on the subject of the S.P.C.K. policy.
William Parker to Dalhousie, informing him of appointment as
member in the S.P.C.K.
Stewart to Dalhousie, describing the River Phillip locality.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, answering despatches. On absorption
7th Battalion 60th Regt. The case of Lieut. Col. Hailes. The question of Town Mayorship of Moose Island. Attention will be shown
Mr. Cooper. Distress in Newfoundland relieved. Disbanded men
and officers of the 104th Regt. Fire in North barracks at Halifax.
Arrival of Rear Admiral Sir David Milne. In pursuance of his
orders 20 sail of American Schooners were sent in by the Dee, having
been found fishing near Point Negro. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Milne, thanks him for naval assistance in extinguishing fire in North Barracks. i
Dalhousie to Milne, asking permission for the sloop Earl of Y
Bathurst to hoist and carry the colours of the Squadron. J
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, regarding appointment of Duke of «
Richmond as Governor. J
Dalhousie to Milne, enclosing communication from Earl Bathurst *
on the intentions of H.M.'s Government in respect to American ves- J
:|sels fishing on the coast.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke, regarding administration of civil gov- %
ernment of Upper Canada. J
John Gordon to Dalhousie, regimental news and appointments.
Dalhousie to Torrens, submits memorial from Lieut. Colonel
Hailes.
Dalhousie to Torrens, regarding deficiency in military establishments in Nova Scotia and Dependencies.
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, method of notifying staff appointments
in General Orders, and particularly in the case of Town Majorship
of Moose Island.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, forwards half-yearly confidential reports
of the Garrison.
Richard J. Uniacke to Dalhousie, upholding the Customs Collector of Halifax in requiring a certificate of ownership with all
imported goods and urging action by the mother country to offset
the growing power of the United States. Report on the memorial of
William Bowie and Stephen W. De Blois, merchants.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, regarding the absorption of the 7th
Battalion and the Town Majorship of Moose Island.
Dalhousie to Torrens, recommending Major Cooper for promotion.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, regarding enlistment of men of the
7th Battalion. Lord Schomberg Kerr appointed as extra A.D.C.
Colonel Fitzherbert to return to England. Reduction of military
force at Prince Edward Island.
Lord Melville to Dalhousie, regarding a successor to Sherbrooke
as Governor.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, re 7th Battalion, 60th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, relating to the Town Major, Moose
Island.
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, stating he had resigned.
Thomas Pickmore, Governor of Newfoundland, to Dalhousie,
informing him of the fire in St. Johns, Newfoundland, and consequent
fear of famine in winter.
Dalhousie to Milne, acknowledging receipt of Pendant Sheet of i
the Squadron.
Dalhousie's account with Halifax Diocesan Committee. i
i
Dr. Burns to Dalhousie, acknowledging donation to Scotch s
Church in New Brunswick. I
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, reporting departure of Squadron for i
Bermuda.   Two destructive fires at St. John's, Newfoundland.   News i
of the restoration of Moose Island to the United States; England
retaining the Island of Grand Manan.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, regarding his succession to the Gover- e
norship. T
July 4. '
Halifax,
July 9.
July 12.
Halifax,
August 23.
Halifax,
August 24.
October
iber 12.
Newfoundland,
November 13. 1817
Windsor, N.S.,
December 24.
Chambers.
April 3.
London,
London,
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Address from the Agricultural Society of Hants Co., N.S., to
Dalhousie.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke.   On Castine duties.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, regarding the establishment of a Garrison Library.
Dalhousie to the Agricultural Society, Hants Co., N.S. Reply to
Address.
Dalhousie to Smyth, regarding the new store house at St. John's.
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, concerning his succession to the Governorship of Canada.
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, relating to the disposal of the Castine
duties.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regimental news.
Andrew W. Cochran to Dalhousie, soliciting his favour for
retention of Civil Secretaryship.
Letters selected from office of Chief Engineer on the defences at
Halifax.    .
Captain Owen. Letter re Lieut. Smith, 70th Regiment and his
services on a survey on the Lakes.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, regarding his succession to Governorship of Canada. Dalhousie's criticism and notes on a journey from
Virginia to the Illinois, by Morris Birkbeck, 1817.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, announcing the appointment of Duke of
Richmond to Governorship of Canada.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke, sanctioning payment of half the money
for Canal between Montreal and Lachine from Army Extraordinaries.
Enclosure:—
Harrison to Goulbourn, sanctioning payment from Army Extraordinaries of one half if Canadian Legislature will provide the other.
Gordon to Dalhousie, enclosing invoice of books for the Library.
Gordon to Dalhousie, relating to Sherbrooke's illness, and regimental accounts.
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, deplores his illness, and hopes to return
to England.   Hopes Dalhousie will succeed to the Governorship.
Dalhousie to Torrens, expressing gratitude for favour of H.R.H.
the Commander-in-Chief, of the Command in Canada.
Dalhousie to Major-General Widdringtoh, regretting Sherbrooke's
illness.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, announcing the appointment of the
Duke of Richmond to Government of Canada.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, expressing disappointment at not succeeding Sherbrooke and scoring his lack of candour and justice on the
appointment of the Duke of Richmond.
Dalhousie to Alexander Maclean, re appointment of Duke of
Richmond; can find no reason for it.
Judge Stewart to Dalhousie, regarding land grants to Scotch
settlers, the necessity of a road from Pictou to Truro. Halliburton
and the Pictou Seminary.
Dalhousie to Dr. Cochran, presenting books to the Agricultural
Society of Hants County, N.S. REPORT FOR  THE YEAR 19SS
A. W. Cochran to Dalhous
vious letter as requested.
e, stating he had destroyed his pre-
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, on appointment of Duke of Richmond. Halifax,
Remarks on the industry and kindness of Nova Scotians. Juneis.
Rev. William Black to Dalhousie, presenting the magazine and Halifax,
annual report of the Wesleyan Missionaries in Nova Scotia. June24-
Dalhousie to Black, acknowledging magazine and report from the June 30.
'Wesleyan Missionaries.
Gordon  to  Dalhousie,   regarding  regimental   affairs  and   the London,
supplies being forwarded. Juiy3.
Cochran to Dalhousie, acknowledging gift of books to the Agri- Windsor,
cultural Society of Hants County. July10-
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, expressing his intention of returning to Quebec,
England in August. July 22.
Bathurst to Sherbrooke, replying to a letter on the Report of the July 31.
Committee of Assembly on Civil List.
Notes by Dalhousie on a pamphlet written by Otis Little, 1748, Halifax,
on the state of Nova Scotia at that period. August.
Dr. Andrew Brown to Dalhousie, suggestions for the establish- Larkfieid, nea
ment of a literary institution in Nova Scotia. Augusta*'
Sir- James Cockburn to Dalhousie, expresses disappointment Bermuda,
over the Duke of Richmond's appointment. Complains of the heat August &
and regrets he will not be able to visit Nova Scotia.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding regimental matters. Encloses London,
letter from Colonel Oglander for a supply of drummers' coats and September 3.
grenadiers' caps.
Judge Wiswall to Agricola, on the agriculture of Nova Scotia October 20.
and particularly at Annapolis.
Gordon to Dalhousie, enclosing Circular on the establishment London,
of 26th Regiment of Foot. October 28.
Gordon to Dalhousie, on personal and military matters. Has London,
forwarded books and prints. October29.
Dalhousie to Richmond, forwarding memorial from Bishop Burke, Halifax,
praying for consideration for Roman Catholics in Nova Scotia. November9.
Dalhousie to the Adjutant General, Horse Guards, reporting un- Halifax,
favourably on Lieut. Colonel Bouverie. December 14.
Milne to Dalhousie, explains behaviour and treatment of the Bermuda,
late Mr. Young, sent in H.M.S. Warrior to the West Indies to procure December is.
specie.
Oglander to Dalhousie, giving details on the reduction of all Gibraltar,
regiments.
Memorandum of Quarterly payments to Post Office for Military December.
Departments, for the year 1818.
Dalhousie.   Expresses approval of the pamphlet, Thoughts on the Halifax,
Disqualifications of the eldest sons of Scotch Peers to elect or be Decem er-
elected from that country to Parliament, by Alexander, Lord Salton,
1788.
Abstract of Bills of Exchange drawn by order of Dalhousie and 1819
Quarterly Provincial payments. January 2.
Dalhousie to A. Mclean, intimating his intention to retire in a Halifax^
year's time. 1818
Halifax,
January 8.
Halifax,
January 24.
Downing
Street,
February 5.
Downing
Street,
March 28.
Street,
May 25.
Treasury
Chambers,
May 25.
Halifax
Halifax,
June 21.
June 21.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Smyth, unable to fill vacancy in the Medical
Department occasioned by death of Mr. Boyd.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Governor Smith, Lieut. Lane recommended
as Town Major in Prince Edward Island.
Dalhousie to Duke of Richmond, endorsing recommendation by I
Lieut.  Governor  of  Prince  Edward  Island that Lieut.  Lane  be
appointed Town Major.
Dalhousie to Torrens, transmits memorial from Captain Hogg
for half-pay.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, approving his projected visit to Quebec
and proposing him for the Government.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie's reply to above, declining the offer.
Lieut.  Colonel Harvey to  Rev. George Mountain, conveying I
Richmond's wishes regarding the services  commencing before his
arrival and the order of receiving Holy Communion.
Abstract of a Report by a Joint Committee of the Houses of
Assembly on the Convention lately concluded between England and
America, relating to fisheries.
Duke of Wellington to Bathurst, on the defences, forts and communications of Canada.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, requesting him to restrain Lieut. Governor
Ainslie from attacking American vessels frequenting the Gulf of the
St. Lawrence as their right to do so is not disputed.
Montreal Herald. Newspaper clipping relating to the Register
Office Bill.
Dalhousie to Duke of Wellington, requesting promotion for Major
Couper, A.D.C.
Motion by the Attorney General recommending the formation
of a Legislative Council in Nova Scotia.
Oglander to Dalhousie, explaining regimental changes, exchanges
and recruiting for the 26th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Colonel Mann, explains detention of Lieut.
Gregory.   Necessity for repairs to all military buildings.
Bathurst to the Duke of Richmond, necessary improvement of
the fortifications of Quebec and the water communication between
the Upper and Lower Provinces.
Lushington to Goulburn, conveying Treasury sanction to improving the line of communication between Upper and Lower Canada by
the Ottawa River if Colonial legislature will pay a moiety.
Lushington to Goulburn, conveying Treasury sanction to purchase of land in Quebec for defences.
Dalhousie to Harrison, regarding deficiencies discovered in Fuel
Stores, and trial of offenders.
Gordon to Dalhousie, relating to personal matters.
Dalhousie to Adjt. General and the Duke of Richmond, on the
arrival of five companies of 62nd Regiment from Bermuda.
Dalhousie to Torrens, announces arrival and disbandment of
Royal York Rangers, Colonel Smalt commanding.
Address of the Ministers and Elders of the Presbyterian Church
in Nova Scotia in Synod, to Lord Dalhousie. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Adjt. General and the Duke of Richmond, on the
reduced state of the 3rd Battalion, 60th Regiment.
Address by inhabitants of Halifax to Hon. Phillip Wodehouse, E
Naval Commissioner, expressing regret at his departure, and hisJ
replies thereto.
Memo, on arrangements made for Lord Dalhousie's journey from I
Quebec to Kingston.
Commissioner Wodehouse to Dalhousie, saying farewell. i
j
Dalhousie to Rear Admiral Griffith, acknowledging report of e
his appointment. a
Commisisoner Barrie to Croker, forwarding statement of the %
American naval force on the Great Lakes of Canada. A
Barrie to Richmond, forwarding copies of a letter and state- *
ment of the American naval force on the Great Lakes of Canada.      A
Lieut. Colonel J. Harvey to Dalhousie, announcing death of the a
Duke of Richmond. A
Chief Justice J. Sewell to Dalhousie, announcing death of the c;
Duke of Richmond. s
Dalhousie to Harvey, has no intention of making any move until e
instructions are received from Lord Bathurst. s
Dalhousie to Colonel Wilson, such orders as appear necessary e
have been sent to the Adjutant-General. s
Dalhousie to Maitland, directing him to take command of the e
troops in the Canadas. s
Dalhousie to Torrens, announcing death of the Duke of Richmond, e
s
Enclosure:—
General Order re command of the troops.
Dalhousie to Lushington, extract from a letter appointing Major
Blair Deputy Barrack Master General.
Carrick's Morning Post, Dublin. Account of a dinner given to
General D'Evreux.
Harvey to Dalhousie, gives details of departure of the Duke of
Richmond's family for England on the transport Ocean.
Statement of a seizure by H.M. Customs of tea, gin, and tobacco.
Dalhousie to Alexander Maclean, is awaiting word from Bathurst
as to the Duke of Richmond's successor.
Lord Rosslyn to Dalhousie, soliciting his protection for Mr.
George McLean, Deputy Assistant Commissary General, who is to
serve under his command.
Series of letters between Dalhousie and Agricola re establishment
of Agricultural Societies.
Admiral Wodehouse to Dalhousie, expressing his regret at the
reduction of the naval establishments at Halifax.
Address to Dalhousie from Kings County Agricultural Society,
and his reply.
Gordon to Dalhousie, has presented the order for twenty-five
pounds to Messrs. Coutts & Co. for payment.
Gordon to Dalhousie, the manner in which he must accept the
distinction proffered by the King of France.
1819
Halifax,
September 15.
September 17.
Septeml
Halifax,
September 29. 1819
October 1
Downing
Street,
October 13.
November 25
York,
December 2.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Gordon to Dalhousie, the Prince Regent has approved Lieut.
Colonel John Maule's appointment to the 26th Regiment of Foot.
Harvey to Dalhousie, indicating hope of his appointment and
perseverence in Richmond's policy. Believes Richmond's death was
not due to hydrophobia.
Gordon to Dalhousie, informing him that Lord Bathurst has
recommended him to succeed the Duke of Richmond.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, informing him of his appointment as
Governor-General of His Majesty's North American Provinces and
forwarding Warrant authorizing him to administer the Government
until his Commission can be sent.
Lieut. Colonel J. Ready to Dalhousie, offering to continue in
office if he should wish it.
Maitland to Dalhousie, unable to leave his civil government, but
will visit Quebec in winter if necessary.
Torrens to Dalhousie, informing him of Sir James Kempt's
appointment to command the troops in Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Lushington, recommending Major Blair, Deputy-
Barrack-Master-General.
Address to Dalhousie from Colchester Agricultural Society, and
his reply.
Address to Dalhousie from the Inhabitants of the Town of
Halifax, on his appointment as Governor-General, and his reply.
Report on state of road between St. John and Fort Cumberland,
by Lieut. Colonel Beresford.
Sir James Kempt to Dalhousie, announcing his appointment as
Lieut. Governor and asking for information about Nova Scotia and •■
the administration.
Commissioner Robert Barrie to Maitland, relating to the Naval
Establishment on the Great Lakes.
Instructions from H.R.H. the Duke of York to Dalhousie,
regarding the military forces in Canada.
Gordon to Dalhousie, referring to his appointment as commander-
in-chief in Canada.
The Adjutant General to Dalhousie, notifying him of his appointment as Commander of the Forces serving in Upper and Lower
Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and the Islands of Prince
Edward and Cape Breton.
Lord Blythewood to Dalhousie, recommending Captain W.
Marshall for any employment.
Address to Dalhousie from H.M.'s Council at Halifax on his
appointment as Governor-General, and his reply.
Dalhousie to Ready, forwarding warrant for Sir Peregrine
Maitland to act as Governor until his arrival, as he is unable to
get to Quebec, navigation being closed.
Uniacke to Dalhousie, congratulating him on his appointment.
Maitland to Dalhousie, complaining of the improper attitude of
Commissary General Wood.
j Dalhousie to Alexander Maclean, unable to go to Quebec until
spring. Maitland to assume Civil Administration. Sir James Kempt
arriving at Halifax. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Speech to Congress, by the President of the United States (from
the Weekly Chronicle), regarding a treaty with Spain and trade with
British possessions.
Oglander to Dalhousie, introducing Colonel Wells to his notice.
Asks for the presentation of a Bagpipe for the Regiment.
Chief Justice Monk to Dalhousie. Parliament prorogued to
29th January to afford him the means of meeting the Legislature.
Ready to Dalhousie, expresses gratitude for appointment to
office of Civil Secretary.
W. S. Skinner to Dalhousie, seeking employment.
Harvey to Dalhousie, remarks on the conduct of the Commissary-
General.
Ready to Dalhousie, Maitland in poor health; foresees difficulty <
with Legislature over finance. :
English Travellers in America, extracts copied from Washington i
Irvine's Sketch Book.
Sir Charles Hamilton to Dalhousie, explaining the affair between s
Colonel Manners and Notary Public Dawe.
A Patriotic Call, a pamphlet supposed to be written by Rev. *
Gerrish Gray, relating to the present state of Nova Scotia.
A list of Grants passed between January 1819 and January 1820.
Arguments in favour of separation between Prince Edward
Island and Nova Scotia.
Printed Statement of Imports and Exports in Canada for 1819.
Boston,
December 23.
December 27.
No date.
No date.
VOLUME III
Dalhousie's Commission from King George IV. Standing Orders
of the 26th or Cameronian Regiment.
Remarks by Dalhousie on Adam Hodgson's Letters on North i
America.
Extracts and remarks on the Memoirs of Lord Russell, by >
Dalhousie.
John Howe to Dalhousie, re Sir George Prevost's opinion as to e
the necessity of a safe expeditious route for mails to the Canadas.     J
Enclosures: Five letters written to Mr. Heriot, State Deputy
Postmaster-General, by Howe. Printed Way Bill from Halifax to
Quebec for Couriers of the Canada Post.
Henry Goulburn to Dalhousie, regrets inability.to provide fori
Mr. Hyde and family, relatives of Lord Compton. f
Dalhousie to Alexander Maclean, indicating his intention to b
stay his full tenure of office in Canada.
Dalhousie to Maitland, regarding the behaviour of the Com- b
missary General, feeling himself bound by orders only of the Treasury.
Dalhousie to Wood, on the misunderstanding in the Commis- h
sariat at Montreal.
Dalhousie to Robert Arbuthnot, re appointment of Stephen H. h
Binney as Barrack Master at Halifax. Ji
Dalhousie to Bathurst, indicating the factors which he hopes B
will help him to overcome the difficulties of his new appointment J'
and deploring the lack of Bathurst's confidence. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Lord Melville, mentions the lateness of mails and
his intention of carrying out his duties.
Dalhousie's daily memoranda of business in Nova Scotia, October
1816, to January, 1820, with remarks.
Dalhousie to the Duke of Kent, will do what he can for Mr.
Brook Butler.
Dalhousie to Torrens, expressing appreciation for his appointment as Commander of the Forces in North America.
Dalhousie to Ready, prefers courier through New Brunswick
to sending letters via Boston; supposes question of finance need not
be agitated.
Alexander Boswell to Dalhousie, congratulating him on his
appointment and referring to economic troubles at home.
Colonel Darling to Dalhousie, submits memo, on the Barrack
department.
Darling to Dalhousie, applying for appointment as Deputy-
Barrack-Master-General.
Dalhousie to Maitland, the Prince Regent's refusal to recognize
the Pope's having raised the Bishop of Quebec to Archbishop.
Inhabitants of Pictou to Dalhousie, farewell ,
Maitland to Dalhousie, intends assuming temporary administration of Lower Canada, having left that of Upper Canada in Mr.
Smith's hands. Remarking that a very little money would obtain
a good Parliament by enabling the old families who are very poor
to offer candidates.
Dalhousie to the Adjutant General, expressing gratitude for
his appointment.
Extracts from the Journals of the House of Assembly.
Dalhousie to Sir W. Lumley, sending copies of military orders
and rendition of returns.
T. B. Robie to Chief Justice, proposing testimonial to Dalhousie,
and Dalhousie's remarks thereon.
Cochran to Judge Stewart, extracts from Cochran's letter.
Government party weakened by recent elections; jealousy between
French and English apparent. Liberal policy of Sir George Prevost
and Sir J. C. Sherbrooke raised Canadians in their own estimation.
People have been told Government Party threaten their money and
religion; Sir John used his influence openly and constantly with
members of all parties, the Duke did not. General desire to get rid
of the absentees and sinecure holders. Fear of seizure by Crown of
property and revenues of the late Society of St. Sulpice of Montreal.
Same speaker, leader of Montreal Party, elected; jealous of Quebec
Party.
Dalhousie to Maitland, approving his having dissolved the
House and cordiality with Judge Monk. Death of Duke of Kent
and assassination of Due de Berri. Daring of the radicals in
Scotland.
Dalhousie to Admiral Griffith, remarks on the death of the King
and his own journey to Quebec.
Lieut. General Ferguson to Dalhousie, recommending Maclean
of the Commissariat Department.
House of Representatives to Dalhousie, farewell address. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Kempt  to   Dalhousie,  unable  to   start  before   12th   as  Lord
/Bathurst oh holiday and papers not ready.   Anxious for advice on |
Nova Scotia affairs, as neither Bathurst nor Goulburn have told |
him anything.
Dalhousie to Robert Dickson, of Onslow, naming Earlstown and a
Cartlereagh new settlements.
Dalhousie to Damerun, willing to recommend him indirectly to A
Treasury.
Dalhousie to  Maitland,  forwarding mails.   Bathurst  returned a
recommendations for Executive and Legislative councils for approval
before submission to His Majesty.
Dalhousie to Ready, is convinced there ought to be closer con- A
nection between Governor General and the local governments than
hitherto.
Dalhousie to  Harvey,  intends  to  be  absolutely  impartial  in a
politics.
Dalhousie to the Speaker of the House of Assembly, is mortified a
to find survey of the Province measure passed over and allowance for
inspection of Militia omitted from the Civil List, and consequently
is unable to accept testimonial offered.
Dalhousie to President of His Majesty's  Council,  forwarding c
copy of his letter to the Speaker of the House of Assembly. J
Commission and Instructions to Lord Dalhousie as Governor i
General of Canada. c
Torrens to Lumley, respecting irregularity in the transmission of i
military returns to Halifax. £
Gordon to Dalhousie, informing him of the method of drawing i
salary. A
Robie to Dalhousie, attributing omission of usual courtesy to a
confusion resulting from news of His Majesty's death.
Dalhousie to Hon. J. N. Jeffray, upholding Collector of Customs, <
Halifax.
Memo. On Boundary between New Brunswick and State of
Maine.
Magistrates of King's County to Dalhousie, farewell address,
and his reply.
Inhabitants of St. Mary's to Dalhousie, farewell address, and his
reply.
Gordon to Dalhousie, encloses invoice for wine. A saddle for
Major Couper is forwarded. Promotions in the 26th Regiment
mentioned.
Gordon to Dalhousie, giving regimental details re John Jardine.
Oglander to Dalhousie, forwarding returns and'details relating
to the 26th Regiment.
James Millar to Dalhousie, proposing to establish a school at
Montreal through the British and Foreign School Society.
Dalhousie to Maclean, requires a new A.D.C. who can conduct
correspondence in French.   Places great reliance in Colonel Ready.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, appreciating his confidence.
Dalhousie to General Ainslie, does not think the Admiral will let
him have a man-of-war either to Newfoundland or Boston.
April 19.
Quebec,
King's
County,N.S
May 3.
London,
May 6.
Gibraltar, Hi^
1820
Halifax,
May 25.
May 26.
May 81.
June 2.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Nutting, forwarding books for Halifax College.
J. W. Nutting to Dalhousie, asking him to state briefly to Kempt
the nature of the tenure he at present has of the office of the Crown
and Prothonotary of the Province; the circumstances that have
occurred relative to it and his opinions of his elaim on it.
Dalhousie to Cochrane, resigning as Patron of Agricultural
Society of Windsor on account of disputes and animosities in it.
Farewell address from the Subscribers of the Garrison Library,
Halifax, to Dalhousie, and his address in reply.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, regarding disposition on part of House
to overstep their privileges and not communicate with Legislative
Council.
!.        Wesleyan Methodist Missionaries to Dalhousie, farewell address,
and his reply.
Dalhousie to S. G. W. Archibald, does not advise Kempt to reject
Robie as Speaker, though he would have done so if he had not been
leaving. His wishes are for a better understanding between the
heads of the three branches of the Legislature.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, reporting Kempt's arrival.
Dalhousie to Principal Baird, sending collection of provincial
birds for museum of Edinburgh. Cambridge University to supply a
Principal for Halifax University and Edinburgh a professor of
Philosophy.
Dalhousie to Arnold, blaming him for making imaginary complaints.
Dalhousie to Kempt, giving a sketch of the Nova Scotia Government, the Council, Assembly, Revenue, Law, Church, Militia, Government Offices, Land Survey, Shubenacadie Canal, and Cape Breton.
Gordon to Dalhousie, personal details re salary and outfit allowance.   Bathurst seems disposed to be friendly.
Torrens to Lumley, cannot make any exception in the general
practice in the case of the command of the troops at the Bermudas.
H. M's Executive Council, Quebec, to Dalhousie, report on charges
(Ordinary and Extraordinary Expenditure) of the Province and out
of what funds such payment ought to be taken. If the House refuses
to pay Civil expenses the Royal Assent should be withheld to every
and any appropriation of the unappropriated Revenue which may be
proposed until so much shall be appropriated as shall be sufficient to
satisfy the privileged claim of His Majesty.
Kemp to Dalhousie, appointment of Chief Justice Blowers to
Vice Admiralty Court.   Annexation of Cape Breton to Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Kempt, sending scrap book of extracts descriptive
of Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Kempt, on difficulty of filling any vacancy in
Council of Nova Scotia. Re annexation of Cape Breton to Nova
Scotia. Archibald and Uniacke capable of giving safe advice. Proceedings of the Halifax Garrison Library.
Dalhousie to Kempt, describing his arrival in Quebec.
Dalhousie to Hon. Michael Wallace, appreciating action of
Council in accompanying him to his barge.
Memo.   Re share in the Lachine and Chambly Canals. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Memo.   By Lieut. Colonel Harvey relating to Military opera-
Rons in Canada, 1813-15.
Kempt to Dalhousie, thanking him for his letters. Will endeavour
to carry out his intentions for the Province.
Kempt to Dalhousie, relating to operating the Coal Mines in
Cape Breton.
Dalhousie to Kempt, is going to Sorel for two months rest.
Fears for SewelPs health; too many absentees in England.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, asking for instructions whether to give
way to system of retrenchment proposed by the Assembly or to maintain inviolate the prerogative of the Crown and the Civil List of the
Province as it formerly stood.
Michael Wallace to Dalhousie, despatch received from the
Colonial Office desiring information about the reserves in New
Brunswick.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the Nova Scotia Commission and Instructions for re-annexing Cape Breton not despatched yet. Bathurst's
reply to the suggestion of the possibility of applying for the use of
King's College at Windsor certain charitable bequests formerly made
for the benefit of Colleges in the United States when under the
dominion of Great Britain, is unable to trace any information relating
to such funds.
A. J. Christie to Dalhousie, if the changes in the duties on timber
in favour of the Baltic succeed Great Britain will lose the Canadas,
as United States emissaries are actively poisoning the minds of
merchants and the Roman Catholic clergy.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Colonel Drinkwater, general impressions on
the political situation and personal affairs. Condemns Government
interfering in elections; parliament grasping at the prerogative of the
Crown.
Sir H. Taylor to Kempt, Lumley's views of the nature and extent
of his authority as Civil Governor of Bermuda are erroneous.
Kempt to Dalhousie, expense of building new college; news from
England concerning failure of negotiation between Queen and Parliament.
Speech of Lieut. Governor Smith at the closing of the Session.
Gordon to Dalhousie, advising him to apply for an advance in
salary.
Dalhousie to Sir Herbert Taylor, regarding Darling's promotion
by brevet.
Kempt to Dalhousie, relating to arrangements in the Militia.
Agriculture improving in the province.
Lieut. Governor Smith to Dalhousie, enclosing his speech of 10th
August.
List of Members of House of Assembly, Lower Canada.
Philamon Wright to Dalhousie, replying to questions relating to
the settlement of Hull.
Kempt to Dalhousie, no instructions from Bathurst as to annexation of Cape Breton to Nova Scotia. Asks whether Rideau Canal will
be practicable.
Dalhousie to P. Wright, asking for information on country and
settlements about the Ottawa Falls.
July!
Chateau
St. Louis,
July 7.
July 14.'
Horse Guards,
August 19.
August 20. 1820
Perth, U.C,
August 26.
Whitehall,
August 29.
September 3.
September 6.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Inhabitants of Perth to Dalhousie, address of welcome, and his
reply.
Warrant. Authorizing allowances of clothing for Cavalry and
Infantry.
Hon. C. Arbuthnot to Maitland, regarding pensions in the Indian
Department.
Milnes to Dalhousie, wishing to dispose of lands in Lower Canada
granted him in lieu of his claims on the Government; seeks advice.
Dalhousie to Admiral Griffith, in government affairs much is %
necessary in the way of regulating and reducing to system, but reason I
and fairness in public matters are generally apparent.
Dalhousie to Stewart, describing settlement on the Ottawa River, I
Perth, Richmond  and Lanark; military works at Isle aux Noix.
Describes political mistakes of his predecessors, but does not apprehend
any trouble.
P. Wright to Dalhousie, many settlers seeking grants of land in
Richmond Settlement.
Cockburn to Dalhousie, forwarding letter from Thomas Amyot
on the performance of his duties in Canada.
Dalhousie to John Young at Halifax, regarding the progress of
agriculture and establishing a College chair in Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Maitland, progress of the settlements at Perth,
Richmond and Lanark; want of roads.   The right bank of the Ottawa |
River not settled owing to old extensive grants to people settled in
other parts of Canada and purchased by Americans.    Desirable to ■■
obtain the lot at Richmond Landing as a government depot of stores; I
refers also to Nepean township.   Encloses petitions from Shouldice j
and Taylor.   Raises question of similar system of land grants for all
four provinces.   Objects to Americans purchasing lands.   Has given :
six hundred pounds to encourage road building, has ordered stand3 |
of arms and field pieces at Perth and Richmond to encourage forming
volunteer companies.
Dalhousie to Kempt, is equally provoked at Bathurst's neglect.
Describes  settlements  along  the  Ottawa  River  and  thence  along
Rideau River to Kingston.   Has been reading up proceedings in the I
government and in Parliament.   Finance apparently the only serious 1
quarrel that ought to have been set at rest at once by an intimation I
from H.M.'s Government that the disposal of the Revenues of the
Crown and of the Province were distinct.    This country grown too I
large for the old established regulations, more magistrates and jails I
necessary.    The roads, the militia and the distresses of emigrants,!
and greedy scramble for every little office.   Sorel in poor condition I
as official residence makes the Canadian Seigneur think himself better
than the Governor; has no accommodation for his staff.
Dalhousie  to  Alexander  Maclean,   personal   affairs   at  home. I
Expenses of his office.   Speaks of his tour round the province.   Influx
of ten thousand settlers annually.   Found no discontent nor ill will
towards government.
Maitland to Dalhousie, explaining purchases alluded to in General Orders of 10th July.
Kempt to Dalhousie, has returned from tour of Annapolis and
Dalhousie settlements. Destructive forest fires in Yarmouth County.
Claim by the heirs of the late Mr. Mortimer against the Pictou
Mines.   Meeting of Governors of Colleges at Windsor and Halifax. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 17
Dalhousie to Hugh Mackay Gordon, regarding the progress of      1820
the peculiar situation in England.   It is very pleasing to see the civil September 2a.
and even polished manners of a Canadian habitant.   Is satisfied they
only want opportunity to show what may be got of them in defence
of the Country.
Maitland to Dalhousie, in reply to his of 22 September, relating York, u.c,
to the disposal of Crown and Clergy Reserves. October 2.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the Nova Scotia commission and instruc- Halifax,
tions re annexing Cape Breton have arrived.   Enclose confidential 0ctober2-
communications from the foreign office on the subject of the intercourse subsisting between the Indians within the territory of the
!: United States and the British authorities in Canada.
Maitland to Dalhousie, replying to his of September 22 on land York.u.c,
residence and improvement implied only in case of West 0ctober 3'
Indian Islands, elsewhere the only condition was ownership of a
house in some part of the colony or residence of three years on the lot.
Tax now extended to lands of absentees, forcing them to either sell
or cultivate.
Sir H. Taylor to Dalhousie, no immediate promotion, will remind Horse Guards,
H.R.H. of his wishes in due time. October 4.
Dalhousie to Monsieur De Vernoy, regrets there is no employ- Quebec,
ment for him as he is a foreigner.   Public duties to those he is de- October 5-
puted to govern are paramount to any desire to please Her Majesty
the Queen Dowager of Wurtenburg.
Dalhousie to Maitland, states his reason for making no allusion Quebec,
to himself or the Duke's memory in orders of 1 July. October e.
Dalhousie to Maitland, returning Colonel Foster's proposal for Quebec,
"his observations. October7.
Gordon to Dalhousie, Captain Tripp of the 26th Regiment is London,
resigning. October 7.
Stewart to Dalhousie, concerning the progress of settlements in Halifax,
Nova  Scotia. Octobei9.
R. Brown to R. 0. Cortland, defining certain detached pieces Quebec,
of ground in Quebec alluded to in his report of 16th ultimo. October 11.
Address from the Agricultural Society of Nova Scotia to Halifax,
Dalhousie, and his reply. October 12.
Oglander to Dalhousie, news concerning the 26th Regiment.       Gibraltar,
October 15.
Dalhousie to Kempt, concerning the reorganization of the Nova Quebec,
Scotia Militia. 0ctober16-
Address from the Quebec Agricultural Society to Dalhousie, and Quebec .
his reply. ' 0otober21-
Dalhousie to Maclean, relating incident of the Star and Sword Quebec,
presentation and deception over allowance for Inspection of Militia in October 21.
Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, has found no necessity to call the parlia- October 26.
ment together before the usual annual period. Will pay salaries as
formerly, but resist all incidental expenses unless Executive Council
recommends them. Revising some parts of the present system might
save much objectionable expenditure. Mr. Pike should precede Mr.
Uniacke for promotion to the bench. Deprecates troubles due to distinction made by some Governors between English and Canadian
alternately, ability and conduct should be only claim to notice.
Reference to a successor to Mr. Marshall.
66020--:
I PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Lord Bathurst, at Montreal the Government House
uninhabitable, and the Castle at Quebec is too hot in summer; requests five thousand pounds for a house and quarters at Sorel.
Kempt to Dalhousie, describes visit to Cape Breton.   People of
Sydney  averse  to  annexation.    Surveyor-General  Crawley is  also |
Superintendent of the Coal Mines.   When Nova Scotia laws are put
in operation in Cape Breton the Surveyor General is the only officer 1j
of Government whose annual salary is now voted by the British^
Parliament that it will be necessary to continue.
Maitland to Dalhousie, regarding implied censure of himself in
General Order of 10th July.
G.  Salton  to  Dalhousie,  Governor  of Bermuda   disinterested,
hospitable and kind, but is deficient in those qualities whereby man-1
kind are influenced and a spirit of mutual dissatisfaction is prevalent. I
I Commissary Robert Barrie to Dalhousie, has received orders from
Navy Board gradually to repair the ships and naval force on the
Lakes.   Hopes American Government will not represent that he is I
acting in contravention of the agreement concluded by Mr. Bagot
with them in April 1817.
Kempt to Dalhousie, furnishes a statement'of the funds and
building estimates for the College at Halifax.
Enclosure:—
Michael Wallace to Sir James Kempt, estimates and statement of
Dalhousie College funds.
Maitland to Dalhousie, alarmed for the constitutional independence of his Government because the Deputy Quarter Master
General, Cockburn, by his command requested that two captains on.
half pay settled in the township of March be appointed Justices of
the Peace and arms put in the hands of volunteers without reference
to the Provincial authorities.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, will draw a line between the Provincial
Civil List and that which the revenue of the Crown may afford. Will
naturally consider the bill framed by the Duke of Richmond for'.;
the increase of the Revenue. Considers Mr. Marshall's abilities
overestimated. Has declined support of any newspaper; the best,?v
mode to maintain the character of Government is to stand uninfluenced <
by newspaper controversy.   House meets on 10th January.
Dalhousie to George Harrison, refers to the Estimates for 1821;
provision of five thousand pounds for house at Sorel for Commander-
in-Chief. Encloses letter from Duke of Richmond to Bathurst relating to the Island of St. Helens. Proposal for disposing of Govt,
ground in the town of Montreal and for building stores, barracks and
hospital on the Island.
Kempt to Dalhousie, concerned with the confusion in Surveyor
General's Department.
Oglander to Dalhousie, quarrels between Americans and British
at Gibraltar.   Exchanges in the regiments.
Memo.   By Dalhousie, on jealousy in Council.
Dalhousie to Kempt. Affairs of the Halifax College; pleased
with progress in Cape Breton. Held an early Session. Had received
a beautiful snuff box from the Due D'Anjouline.
Dalhousie to the Hon'ble Stratford Canning, regarding deserters
from the army entering the service of the United States. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Dalhousie to James Buchanan, of New York, accepting dedication
of sketch on the Canadas. c
r
Dalhousie to Chief Justice, appointment of a board of audit not s
necessary.   Proposed to appoint to Executive Council as ex-officio r
members, consisting of the Speaker of the House, the Civil Secretary,
and the Auditor General of Provincial Accounts.
Dalhousie to the Speaker of the House, proposing his appointment to the Executive Council, ex-officio.
George Harrison to the Officer Commanding the Forces in
Canada, enclosing statement of claims for payment of compensation for damages sustained during the late war with United States.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, proposes to pay for new residence for the
Commander-in-Chief at Sorel with money realized from sale of old
stores.
Dalhousie to Harrison, concerning the new residence for the
Commander-in-Chief at Sorel.
G. Wood, Commissary General, explanatory remarks on the
fpBstimates for the year ending 24th December, 1820.
Annual Statement of Funds of the Garrison Library.
Lumley to Kempt, extract from a letter referring to the appointment of a Barrack Master, Bermuda.
The Commercial List.   Printed.
Extracts from the Minute Book of the Board of Commissioners
for the management of the Jesuits Estates in Lower Canada.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding his salary as Governor.
Dalhousie to Chief Justice, relating to constitutional relations
between the Governor and Lieut. Governors. American Estimates
and Board of Works.   Newspaper clippings.
Memo, on the Report and Statistical Table of Gaspe, by J. T.
Taschereau.
December 18.
December 25.
London,
December 20.
December 31.
VOLUME IV
Estimates of Public Expenditure for the year 1821.
Harrison to Dalhousie, asking for information on the present
establishment of the Indian Department. Memorial from David
Price for retirement.
Dalhousie to Kempt, finds the political outlook hopeful. Has
given the Speaker an ex-officio seat in the Executive Council.
Dalhousie to Maitland, referring to the lot known as Richmond
Landing, recently, purchased by Captain Le Breton.
Dalhousie to Macdonnell, regarding men of Glengarry obtaining
land in southern townships of Godmanchester.
J. Langley Mills to Dalhousie, referring to fees paid by persons
holding commissions as schoolmasters.
Return of the various species of wood to be obtained on the
Niagara Frontier.
Harrison to Commander of the Forces in Canada, advances to
Major Power on account of settlers questioned.
Chambers,
January 3. 1821
Halifax,
January 15.
Quebec,
January 17.
January 18.
January 18.
January 18.
January 18.
Gove
Washington,
U.S.A.,
January 24.
England,
February 6.
February 7.
k
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Kempt to Dalhousie, informs him of the attitude of Robie,
Speaker, and the procedure now followed. Legality of Cape Breton
election questioned. Dalhousie College funds totally inadequate,
are three thousand pounds overdrawn. Pictou and_ King's College
also asking for money. Provincial Agricultural Society meets with
opposition in House. Thinks House will provide pay for Inspectors
of Militia.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Governors, requesting information as to
annual revenue and expenditure; militia, roads, land grants and laws
in the different provinces, and their replies.
Chief Justice Blowers to Dalhousie, with reference to a Bill for
incorporating the trustees of Dalhousie College.
Dalhousie to Kempt.   Parliament is going on very calmly.
Opinion of Chief Justice on the Post Office discussion in Provincial Parliament. Banks in Canada. Intercourse with America
and with Upper Canada.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending payment of salaries of
school masters brought out by Rev. Macdonnell in the Glengarry
District.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending special pension for Mr.
Macdonnell.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, enclosing copy of his letter of 16th to
Lieut. Governors of the Provinces.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, transmitting memorial from members of
the Presbyterian Church.
Maitland to Dalhousie, objecting to his receiving petitions from
subjects of Upper Canada, has referred matter to Home Government
for instructions.
Canning to Dalhousie, transmits correspondence relating to three
deserters from 60th Regiment. Encloses his letter to Hon. John W.
Adams, calling his attention to the desertions and his reply that the:
matter will be enquired into and discouraged.
Kempt to Dalhousie, affairs in Halifax go on quietly. Harbour
completely filled with ice.
Outline of a memoir by Chief Justice Sewell on the interests of
England and the B.N.A. Provinces, 1814, and Dalhousie's opinion
of it.
Dalhousie, notes on Revolutions of Constantinople in 1807-1808,
by A. de Juchereau St. Denys.
Sir John C. Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, trusts that his first session
passes without unpleasantness.
Dalhousie to Maitland, the Government claiming land for public
purposes recently sold to the present proprietor.
P. Moore to Hon. James Cuthbert, will endeavour to purchase
the pair of grey horses required. The want of a Custom House at
La Prairie, as Canada is the natural market for Lake Champlain.
Kempt to Dalhousie, interference by Sir W. Lumley in military
command in Bermuda, especially in case of appointing of Barrack
Master.   Difficulty in obtaining money for Dalhousie College.
Dalhousie to Sir Charles Arbuthnot, enclosing documents relating
to the Indian Department. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988 2
Enclosure:— 1821
J. F. Addison to D. C. G. Thompson, sanctioning pensions to
persons shown on Return.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, describing his attitude towards the pro-February 23.
vincial parliament.
Dalhousie to  Maclean,  blaming  Government  for  not  having Quebec,
authorized him to reform abuses, chiefly sinecures held by people February 26-
in England, in no way and never having been connected with the
Province.   Intends closing session on 10th March and to visit Lake
Superior and the Selkirks during the summer to see how to keep peace
between the North West retainers and those of Hudson's Bay.
Gordon to Dalhousie, delay in Customs over shipment of books London,
and pictures. February 26.
Dalhousie to Blowers, hopes to overcome the difficulties of college February 26.
in Halifax.   Affairs in their respective legislatures progressing.
Taschereau's Report on the Act relating to the Inferior District Quebec,
of Gaspe laid before the House. February 28.
Stewart to Dalhousie, on affairs in Nova Scotia. Halifax.
Kempt to Dalhousie, Militia Laws revised. One thousand Halifax,
pounds appropriated to Dalhousie College, twelve hundred to the March6-
Agricultural Society, and grants for roads in Cape Breton passed.
Dalhousie to Sir John Keane, describing quarrels between Upper Quebec,
and Lower House in Canada.   Proposes going to the head of Lake Mareh 10"
Superior in July and returning by Lake Nipissing and the Ottawa
River.
Dalhousie to Kempt, hopes to prorogue Parliament at an early Quebec,
date. March13-
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding a promissory note from Capt. London,
Burrell, 60th Regiment. March ie.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, encouragement given to emigration of Downing
Scotch settlers.   Encloses copy of his letter of May 6, 1820, to Mait- MarCh 17.
land regarding settlers, with a memorandum of grants of land and
money to be provided for them by the government.
Dalhousie to Colonel Drinkwater, Parliament ended as in 1819 Quebec,
without any Civil List Bill; must continue carrying on an Account March22-
Current which must hereafter be settled by Bill of Indemnity.   Large
balance  of  unappropriated  money  in  the  Treasurer's  hands will
afford ample means to go on with.
Dalhousie to Maclean, closing of the Session. Civil List Bill Quebec,
rejected in Upper House. March24-
Dalhousie to Bathurst, explains the political situation and ask- Quebec,
ing for guidance. March25-
Rules and Regulations drawn up for the establishment of the Quebec,
Quebec Savings Bank.   J. Hale, President. March 27.
Memo, to Council, regarding the audit of Public Accounts; the March29.
Grenville Canal.
Kempt to Dalhousie, asks advice on defraying the expense of Halifax,
escheats. Encloses list of grants of land escheated in Nova Scotia Apr j
in 1819-1820.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, expresses the hope that Colonial Legis- *£w£ne
lature will make provision for a new residence for the Governor- Apra 7.
General at Sorel. 1821
Quebec,
April 8.
Quebec,
April 23.
Hawkstone,
April 24.
Portsmouth,
April 26.
London,
Treasury
Chambers,
April 28.
Treasury
Chambers,
Halifax,
May 9.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Stewart, remarks on the political situation, thinks
the people are led by some unknown adviser, some mischievous Canadian politician opposed to the Chief Justice and to the British majority
of the Legislative Council. Incident of the Chief Justice's dinner
party and the absence of the Speaker.
Oglander to Dalhousie, containing information relative to the
Regimental fund.
Minute of General Meeting of the Garrison Library. E. W.
Haden, Secretary.
Kempt to Dalhousie, enclosing a letter from John Le Breton,
Britannia, Ottawa River, regarding his purchase of land required by
Government.
Kempt to Dalhousie, transmits statement of the funds of the
Garrison  Library.
Ogilvie to Dalhousie, introducing Mr. Thomas Hill, a cousin of
Lord Hill, who goes to Canada as Deputy Assistant Commissary
General.
Dalhousie to the Bishop of Quebec, refusing his memorial.
Lord Hill to Dalhousie, introducing his cousin, Mr. Thomas Hill.
Sir Alexander Bryce to Dalhousie, introducing a young man in
the Commissariat Department, who is going out to Canada.
Gordon to Dalhousie, encloses a receipt from Robert Cathron for
thirty pounds sterling.
Gordon to Dalhousie, enclosing order for 26th Regiment to
return to England.   Survey of county lines to proceed.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the political situation in Lower Canada
and in Nova Scotia.
Harrison to Dalhousie, the resources of England are not to be
applied towards the erection of any works not absolutely and indispensably necessary for the safety of the Province. Expense of
erecting a house for Commander-in-Chief must be defrayed by the
Colony.
Gordon to Dalhousie, correspondence on the subject of enclosing
caps for the 26th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Harrison, recommends the appropriation of barracks
at Three Rivers for a free Catholic school by the inhabitants.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the 61st Regiment relieving the 15th Regiment in Nova Scotia. Recruiting for the 60th completed. Beresford
has been charged to give full account of the progress of the new
College.
Dalhousie to Kempt, observes with pleasure the acts passed in
last session in Nova Scotia. Sees in them acts tending to improve
the country made permanent. It is a source of much mischief to
create eternally repeated discussions of measures which in many
cases are only to be accomplished with perseverance and time. Desirable to obtain similar acts in these provinces.
s, Major Lynn to Dalhousie, has just received Major Couper's
letter, dated at Halifax, December 3rd, 1819, regarding the Board of
Enquiry on Barrack Department at Halifax, with reference to himself.
Dalhousie to G. W. Featherstonhaugh, thanking him for a copy
of the Memoirs of the Board of Agriculture of the State of Neio York. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Nicholas Garry, expressing pleasure at the Union      182
of the Hudson's Bay and North West Companies. Quebec,
Dalhousie to Harrison, explaining the appropriation and account- Quebec,
ing for money advanced on account of settlers.   Encloses letter from M*y18-
Bathurst to Maitland on the settlement of people from Lanarkshire
in 1820.
Dalhousie to Uniacke, expresses friendly compliments.   Refer- Quebec,
ences to results of the last session of Nova Scotia Legislature, regrets May2°-
the College debt and is pleased with advice on affairs.   Well being
at a standstill in Quebec province which is now suffering all the
evils of neglect under a weak and inactive government.
Dalhousie to Major Bazelgette, expresses satisfaction of his con- May21.
duct  of  Barrack Department at Halifax;  his  diligence  and perseverance has cleared up confusion, exposed a deep laid system of
speculation by Mr. Lynn and his clerk, Mr. Hall.   Disapprobation of
his conduct by Lords of Treasury founded on ignorance.
Dalhousie to Hyde, expressing disapproval at his appointment May 21.
as Deputy Barrack Master General in Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to Canning, apologising for not acknowledging receipt Quebec,
of his desptach of 24th January sooner. May 24.
Return of the various Departments in the Commissariat Establish- Quebec,
ment under General Wood. May26-
Memorandum on the Water Transport between Upper and Lower No date_
Canada at present in the hands of Americans, contrary to the Navigation Laws.
Memo, on communication- between Gaspe, New Brunswick, and May.
Nova Scotia, based on Taschereau's report.
Kempt to Dalhousie, has directed Home to send copies of Pro-June 4.
ceedings and Acts. Will forward by the Admiral the whole of Nova
Scotia Provincial Laws. Governors of Dalhousie College estimate ten
thousand pounds necessary to carry out original plan. Pictou Academy
received a grant of four hundred pounds for astronomical instruments
from the House without any recommendation from himself as
Governor.
Colonel Arnold to Dalhousie, explaining his reasons in obtaining Halifax,
rations for a veteran, named John Bell, without stating he was inJune4-
receipt of pay.
Robert Lamond  to  Goulburn,  asking for  an  appointment  as Glasgow,
Canadian Agent in Britain for the sale of Crown Lands.    Suggests JUDe ?•
Parishes could lessen their poor rates by purchasing them.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, draws his attention to the Bill regarding Quebec,
the establishment of Catholic Schools in the Parishes and of Corpora- June °-
tions for the management of each. The Catholic religion in this
province is certainly the most sure defence of it against our neighbours and every fair encouragement should be given to it in promoting education and learning. Chief complaint is being subjected to
the superintendence of the Royal Institution of which the Protestant
Bishop is President, Enquires if H.M.'s Government would sanction
the establishment of a Catholic Institution precisely similar to that
of the Protestant for the government of their schools? Informing him
of the appointment by the Catholic Bishop of four priests to be
Bishops.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, thanking him for permission to wear June 12.
"Windsor uniform.   Will not press matter of Civil Salary further. 24 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1821 Dalhousie to Goulburn, acknowledging letter introducing Mr.
Quebec Garry of the Hudson's Bay Company.
slZii. Dalhousie to Bathurst, regarding Sir P. Maitland's complaint;
forwarding the correspondence which Sir Peregrine withheld.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Harrison, stating circumstances regarding the pen-
june 12. gion of David price, Storekeeper, Clerk and Interpreter in the Indian
Department.    Enclosing the following correspondence:
Enclosures:—
May is.  j Maitland to Darling.
May4. William Claus to Major Hillier, A.D.C.
1818 William Claus to Sir John Johnson.
October 3.
1821 Dalhousie to the Lords of the Treasury, complaining of the
June 14. detention of his property, a painting, " Death of General Wolfe," by
Romney, and some water colour drawings, by the Custom House
officials.
june 14. Dalhousie to Robertson, exonerating him from blame while Deputy
Storekeeper General on the ground that the immense extent to which
the inferior officers have been scattered and the tedious nature of
communications made the general rules of his department inapplicable.   Recommending him as an efficient officer.
Quebec, Dalhousie to  Bathurst,  enclosing  Cockburn's  lucid  report  on
June 14. Lanark settlement, dated May 2nd, in which he considers sufficient
establishment now made in the military townships; suggests exertions be directed to the unsettled townships on the lower Ottawa.
Bathurst, under date 14th April, 1817, considered the expense of
survey and patent deeds should be defrayed by Colonial Legislature,
but Crown officers by no means inclined to dispense with their fees
and Provincial Parliaments have evinced no inclination to vote any
sum for this expense. Matter thus remains undetermined and settlers
who have performed every location duty required of them are still
without any legal or transferable possession of their lands other
than a location ticket. Suggests these be made legal under one General
Patent. Crown reserves source of expense for survey and inconvenience to settlements without any immediate benefit. Recommends their abolition. Also recommends issue of provisions rather
than money to emigrants as being cheaper to Government and
more beneficial to settler. Considers the object of establishing military settlements would be fully accomplished provided expense for
upkeep proportionate to their extension. Churches, schools and school
masters, medical attendance, roads, relief for fire, sickness, widows
and orphans, all require assistance not adequately given by the
Legislature.
Glasgow, Robert Lamond to Dalhousie, seeking his support in obtaining an
June 15. appointment as Canadian Emigration Agent in Britain.   Trade and
labour having improved Government aid to settlers now uncertain.
June 16. Dalhousie to Kempt, Bathurst required annual statement of the
funds of Pictou Coal mines, but will agree to appropriations for benefit
of public as suggested. Captain Le Breton, hearing of the desire of
Government to purchase Richmond Landing Place from Randall,
effected the purchase for four hundred pounds and then offered it to
Government for three thousand pounds.
Halifax, The Governors of Dalhousie College to Professor Monk, request-
June is. ing him to defer engaging a Principal until he hears further from
them. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Kempt to Dalhousie, forwarding the mail. 1821
Halifax,
June 22.
Kempt to Dalhousie, enclosing letter from Governors of Dal- Halifax,
housie College to Professor Monk of Trinity College, Cambridge.      June 24.
Hugh H. Hughes to Dalhousie, asking for employment. Montreal,
I Dalhousie to Bathurst, further mention of the increase in number Kingston,
of Catholic bishops. The Bishop of Quebec contemplates gathering July 10-
under his own immediate control, and patronage all those lately consecrated by him. Inconvenience and dissatisfaction may arise if
Catholic Bishop of Quebec appoints inferior clergy in the province
now committed to the Vicaires Apostoliques in Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick and Upper Canada. On the other hand much advantage
would be derived by a subdivision of them, in committing the superintendence to the Bishop or Vicaire in the provinces severally as they
would provide proper persons as superior priests in their district from
the British Territories and better control the political principles of
their flock and their priests would be secured against removal at the
caprice of the Bishop of Quebec; and, most important, it would guard
against an influence that may soon grow into a form in this country,
which might not be so easily controlled.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, regarding the expenses of public works in Downing
building the Grenville Canal on the Ottawa River, the Home Gov- .treet'
ernment will pay half, on the Colony providing the other half. ugust
Treasury Minute.   For the economical reduction of expenses of August 10.
Government.
Gordon to Dalhousie, caps for the 26th Regiment have not been re- London,
ceived. August24-
Gordon to Dalhousie, regretting unfavorable impression con- London,
veyed and explaining delay in the settlement of accounts. August 28.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, explaining necessity for the purchase of A!uebe°' 8
land interfering with Quebec defences,  as shown in the enclosed   ugus
letter from Col. E. W. Durnford to Colonel Darling.
A. Bastable to Dalhousie, requesting an interview. sT't^^T5''
Hon. Michael Wallace to Dalhousie, sincere friendly advice and *Faljfax-
encouragement to rely on his own judgment in dealing with the ep em er
Legislature of Lower Canada.
Dalhousie  to  Colonel  Thomas Barclay,  denying  any censure sorei,
meant.   Ignorant of differences between Mr. Bouchette and Messrs. September 15.
Chipman.
M. Wallace to Dalhousie, affairs of Dalhousie College and the Halifax,
proposal to unite with King's College. September 25.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regimental matters; memo, from Sir Herbert ^°^  27
Taylor relative to increase in price of commissions and difference  ep em w
between full and half-pay.
Kempt to Dalhousie, acknowledging his gift to Dalhousie College. ^^t
The Duke of Hamilton to Dalhousie, thanking him for his interest Hamilton
in the emigrants from Lanark and the necessity of raising money for 0^ei3_
a church for them.
Kempt to Dalhousie, unable to get any reply from Bathurst re *^n
appropriating  money  from  the  Pictou  coal  mines   for  Dalhousie
College.   Provincial Acts disallowed and those allowed. Portobello,
Scotland,
October 26.
Kelly,
October 27.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
J. Halkett to Dalhousie, relating to the assaults made on him
by MacdonnelFs ruffians ending in his shooting one of them. These
attacks were made on account of letters he was supposed to have
written Bathurst about the North West Company.
Oglander to Dalhousie, regimental news regarding the reductions
in the army; Spanish politics and the existence of yellow fever.
Dalhousie to Maitland, requiring his particular attention to the
regular system of military communications.
Colonel  Barclay  to  Dalhousie,  regarding  his  instructions   as
Commissioner for carrying into' effect the 4th and 5th Articles of the I
Treaty of Ghent.
Kempt to Dalhousie, progress of Dalhousie College. New arrangements for fordwarding the mails.
Dalhousie to Maclean, discouraging emigration. No funds provided for surveys, monstrous fees charged emigrants.
Testimonial of John Newton, Builder.
Colonel John Ramsay to Dalhousie, recommending John Rae,
an Edinburgh Doctor settling in Glengarry.
Dalhousie to Michael Wallace, grateful for his interest and
advice, sure that a change of Governor, even into more able hands,
would throw things back. The focus of the mischief is in Montreal
led by a few intriguing attorneys.
Dalhousie to Kempt.   In this province much of the mischief
arises from the state of contempt to which the King's Representative
is lowered without a house to live in respectably or any patronage to if
distinguish merit or public services.   Bathurst's silence due perhaps 4
to the coronation and home affairs.   Further instructions regarding
the coal mines of Cape Breton unnecessary; to act upon the instructions given for the Pictou Mines, bringing all of them under the same4;
system.    Confidential   intercourse   between   Governor-General   and
H.M.'s other representative as Lieut. Governors now established.;^
Dalhousie  College,  funds  and Principal;  suggests combining with:
Grammar School.   Idea of a University at Pictou unwise.   Nowhere
but in the Capital (Halifax) can a College be generally useful.
Dalhousie to Colonel Drinkwater, does not expect much change
in the Legislative proceedings of coming session.
Dalhousie to Maitland, arms ready for distribution in new
settlements. Requests his concurrence as Civil Governor of the
Upper Province in patriotic celebrations.
Dalhousie to Harrison, payment of claims for damages during
the late war authorized.
Dalhousie to Barclay, referring to discussion of the boundary line.
Report of the Special Committee of the Educational Society,
Quebec District.
Governors of Dalhousie College to Dalhousie, acknowledging his
gift of five hundred pounds for astronomical instruments.
Kempt to Dalhousie, Bathurst refuses to sanction appropriation
from Pictou Coal revenue for either the new college or escheats,
even after giving an understanding that he would; presumably due to
fear of "barkers" in the House of Commons. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Bathurst, submits his opinion on the reductions
in establishments of Indian Department, enclosing statements. Q
S. R. Lushington to Dalhousie, authorizing purchase of ground T
likely to interfere with the defences of Quebec. £
Bathurst to Dalhousie, authorizing purchase of ground said to n
interfere with defences of Quebec. s
Archibald Campbell to Dalhousie, informing him of the pro- Q
spective Register Act, calculated to prevent fraud in connection with E
the mortgaging and sale of estates.
Kempt to Goulburn, regarding the respective claims for support _5
by Dalhousie College and Pictou Academy.
J. Fletcher to Dalhousie, encloses a paper he has written respec- £
ting the Police of Quebec; his letter to Major-General Wilson of 8th
June, 1816, entitled Thoughts respecting the Police of the City of
Quebec and the means of improving it.
Dalhousie to Harrison, remarks on general estimate of expense <?
to be incurred in his command, including the Engineer Department,
Quebec Citadel, He aux Noix, St. Helens, extension of Commissariat
Office to house all the military offices, and construction of bomb proof
barracks on Niagara Frontier.
Kempt to Dalhousie, conveyance of mails, suggests more direct ^
route commencing at Scotts on the Fredericton Road and running in
a direct line to the St. Lawrence opposite Hare Island.   Nova Scotia
revenue falling.   Agriculture prosperous, does not attend public discussions of Society, only meetings of Directors of Central Board.
Debate on Motion to censure House of Peers for rejecting a Bill ^
sent to them by the House of Commons, 1742.
Reasons for Governor declining to divulge Royal Instructions on r
demand.
Mr. Simpson to Legislative Council, letter on the present ex- K
pensive and inefficient administration of Justice.
Dalhousie, remarks on The History of the Province of Massachu- ?
setts, 1691-1750, by Mr. Hutchinson, Lieut. Governor of that Province.
Dalhousie, notes on Tomlin's Life of Mr. Pitt, especially on the *
Quebec Bill, 1791, modelling the Government of Canada.
Dalhousie, memo, of Legislative Measures. '
VOLUME V
Sherbrooke to Dalhousie, mentions the permanent provision
being made for the Civil List. The difficulties met in an Assembly J;
constituted as that of Lower Canada, where many of the members
are totally uneducated and consequently easily imposed upon and
misled by prattling Attorneys and designing demagogues, requires
great patience and moderation as well as perseverance and firmness
in a Governor to carry a measure, however beneficial to the country,
which is liable to such exaggerated misrepresentations as that he
proposed again bringing forward.
Anthony  Barclay to Dalhousie,  relative to the  contemplated n
' discussions on the boundary between Canada and United States;
part of the Detroit River cause of present difference and will probably
be referred to a friendly Sovereign in conformity with the Treaty
of Ghent. 1822
New York,
January 10.
Castle of
St. Louis,
January 22.
Castle of
St. Louis,
January 25.
Castle of
St. Louis,
January 31.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Barclay to Dalhousie, introducing Mr. Thompson, H.M.'s
Astronomer and Surveyor on the boundary question.
Kempt to Dalhousie, detailing the rivalry between the colleges
at Halifax, Windsor and Pictou and suggests their difficulties would
be removed by a union.
Kempt to Dalhousie, praising his opening speech in confining
himself to one subject and in separating the fixed and known expenses
of the Civil Administration from contingent expenses.
Dalhousie to Ready, denying any promise to make his appointment equal to a certain sum.
- Dalhousie to Bathurst, bringing the question of Permanent Civil
List before the House in a way to obtain a positive decision appears
to have roused the anger of the Canadian lawyers who carry with i
them the majority of votes by the ignorant habitant members.   Their
violent  conduct  and unguarded language  show their intention  of
rejecting every wish of the Executive Government and of refusing I
every supply however necessary.   The Speaker is now the firebrand. '
Is puzzled by the manners of the Catholic Bishop, who, despite his I
fair words, exercises his influence in the Council in the wrong way.
Dalhousie to Kempt, the House has declared they will grant no :
subsidy nor supply to the King under any terms at present. As the
present state of things would refuse all grants to Agricultural societies, >
hospitals, roads, canals, salaries, pensions, from henceforward, it is I
a blow the country could not stand. De Bartstch, a democrat, who
has not been in his place these five years now disturbs the Legislative '.;
Council, which, however, is nearly unanimous.
Dalhousie to Kempt, irregularity in arrival of mails and practical !j
difficulty of making a new road for them.
Dalhousie to Ready, office of Private Secretary to Government
and that of Provincial Secretary ought not to be conjoined as Duke I
of Richmond suggested as the former necessitates a knowledge of
law and of the French language.
Dalhousie to Ready, expresses his opinion that those who, in I
Council or Assembly, feel they cannot support the measures of ;j
Government should resign their office before they place themselves i
in public opposition to H.M.'s interests.
Dalhousie, memo, of expenses in 1821 of establishments and I
objects of public charge for the support whereof a supply was asked :|
from Assembly of 5 February, 1822.
Kempt to Dalhousie, owing to the fact that almost all the officers
of the Government being Englishmen the Canadian party ■ in the 1
House have ever been desirous of reducing the salaries to such a scale I
that no person but a Canadian will accept office under the Colonial   I
Government.
Stewart to Dalhousie, remarking on his difficulties from being
among Frenchmen who have a constitution they cannot understand, I
mixed up as it is with French custom and English law.
Dalhousie, notes on the King's Prerogative in regard to dissolution
of Parliament on reading Hume's history of the reign of James I,   I
1621, as applicable to his present situation.
Dalhousie, remarks relating to the Censitaire of La Salle and
Sherrington. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 29
Dalhousie to  Maclean, refers to past Session and difficulties      1822
|   with the Assembly.   Revenue of the Crown in this province, hereditary Quebec,
and permanent, is sufficient to pay all the King's officers.   Merchants February2°-
petitioned Assembly for protection but were not listened to.   Encloses
his speech proroguing Parliament.
Dalhousie to Colonel Ramsay, the Assembly having allowed the February 20.
Revenue Laws to expire, next year they will have no funds in their
Treasury.
Kempt to  Dalhousie,  approving  of  his  methods  and  feeling Halifax,
convinced the Assembly, when aware of his tactics, will approveFebruary21-
without hesitation all services of a popular nature and reject only
such as may have a tendency, in their estimation, to strengthen the
hands of Government.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, the Assembly has refused to fulfil the Quebec,
obligations of their offer of 1810, and that offer should no longer DeFebruary24-
entertained by H.M.'s Government; it will always be a source of
dispute.   Thinks ill of the Catholic Bishop's double dealing.   Province hopes for free admission of agricultural produce in payment for
British manufactures imported.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, forwarding letter from the Lord Bishop Quebec,
of Quebec, and stating the reason for his resigning from the Council. February 25.
Extract of Lord Liverpool's Speech in the House of Lords on House of Lords,
the State of the Nation. February 26.
Maitland to Dalhousie, regarding a tract of waste land between York,
the  Midland  district  and the River  Ottawa;  the store house  at February 28.
Richmond Landing Place.    A supply of arms has reached Perth.
Two field pieces for Richmond have not arrived.   Refers to weakness
and absurdity of Assembly.
Kempt to Dalhousie, is endeavouring to get the whole salaries HaWax,
of Judges in Nova Scotia voted permanently.    Explains the delay February28-
in mails as due to bad roads and snow.
Ryland to Dalhousie, naming the Catholic Bishop as the secret February,
promoter of recent troubles.
Kempt to Dalhousie, has succeeded in getting the salaries of the Halifax,
Judges placed upon a permanent footing. March 7.
Dalhousie to Maitland, no further settlers for the Military castieof
settlements between Ottawa and Perth. Folly of the Lower Canada ^^*
Assembly.    Lieut. Governor arriving in the spring.
Kempt to Dalhousie, regarding the political situations in their Halifax,
respective provinces. March u.
Dalhousie to Maitland, considers objects of military settlements Quebec,
accomplished and reduction of establishments necessary at an early March 15.
date.
Commissary General G. Wood to Harrison, forwards account of Quebec,
Expenditure for 1821, with explanation of difference between the fore- March18-
going estimate and the actual expenditure.
New York Spectator. Copy of tables showing imports, exports, March 19.
duties collected at Quebec in 1821.
Dalhousie to Drinkwater, provincial affairs do not mend, and castle of
continue to cause much vexation. Mkrehlo'.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, makes suggestions for increasing the March 23.
revenue of the Crown; proposes a duty on salt. 30 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1822 William   Smith  to   Dalhousie,   concerning  the  union   of  two
March. provinces.
March 24. Dalhousie to Chief Justice, cannot interfere in the management
of the Quebec Gazette.
st. Louis, The Lord Bishop of Quebec to Dalhousie, regarding the La Salle
Atr^ business, and his loss of property.   The Clergy Reserves granted by
P    ' Parliament and vested in a Corporation by Letters Patent cannot be
transferred or allotted as indemnity to the parties concerned.
April 6. Dalhousie to the Editor Quebec Gazette, draft of a letter stating I
his objections to the conduct of the editors and the unfair exposition
of actions and motives of Government and its apathy to the interests
of the Crown.
April 13. Dalhousie to the Chief Justice, unable to suggest anyone as co-
editor of Quebec Gazette with Neilson.
April 6. Dalhousie to the Lord Bishop of Quebec, replying to his letter
on the matter of La Salle and Sherrington land grants; the Crown only
acts as mediator.
York, Maitland to Dalhousie, referring to the Military settlements,
Apri18' suggests ascertaining whether H.M.'s Government intend continuing
under the late reductions of the Army the gratuity to those discharged.
Carleton Militia to be supplied with arms from Kingston.
Lake superior, Plan of the country from Lake Huron to the Falls of St. Mary,
April 8. Lake Superior.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, leaving to his discretion reductions in the
Indian Department and retirement allowances. Expenses in the
Engineer Department provided for in Ordnance estimates. Asks for
his opinion on the concentration of the Military force in the Canadas to
effect reduction in the Barrack and Commissariat Department.
Kempt to Dalhousie, has received an addition of five hundred
pounds to his salary and an allowance for the Private Secretary
from the revenue of the coal mines in Cape Breton.
Dalhousie to A. W. Cochran, offering him the appointment of I
Civil Secretary.
Dalhousie.   Memo, of a conversation with the Chief Justice on
his application for the office of acting Provincial Secretary for his son.
April 24. Dalhousie to Cochran, explaining some details of his appointment
to the Civil Secretaryship.
Halifax, Kempt to Dalhousie, has impressed on his Assembly the necessity
April 24. Q£ ascertaining the Governor's reasons for voting sums in the annual
estimates before altering them.   Has been unable to get any accounts
of expense on Dalhousie College from Gregory.
Quebec, Cochrane  to  Dalhousie,   accepting  the   appointment   as   Civil
Aprim Secretary.
Quebec, Cochrane to Dalhousie, remarking that the office of Clerk of the
April 25. Prerogative Court forms part of Civil Secretaryship.
April 25. j Dalhousie to the Lord Bishop of Quebec, regrets he is unable to
assist him on his visit to Gaspe.
April 25. Dalhousie to Montizambert, appointing him acting Provincial
Secretary.
APrii25. Dalhousie to Cochran, accepting the Duke of Richmond's view on
the office of Clerk of the Prerogative Court.
MayS- Dalhousie to Gilbert Salton, describing present political situation.
Downing
Street,
April 10.
Castle of
St. Louis,
April 21.
April 23. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Hon. Mr. Irvine, expressing regret at his retirement
from the Executive Council Board. a
Dalhousie to Archdeacon Mountain, considers Government ought *
not to have interfered in the La Salle grant affair.   Advises the Bishop
to grant their lots freely to the Censitaires actually residing on them
as he does not project any family residence there for himself.
Dalhousie to Ready.    Knowing the difficulties in the Govern- s
ment of this Province is determined to entertain no sort of personal *
prejudices.    On experience finds arrangement of offices intended by
the Duke of Richmond unsuitable.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, Receiver General Caldwell's desire that r
scarcity of funds in Civil Chest should be relieved. Encloses Cald- ®
well's letter to R. Wilmot explaining this request.
Kempt to Dalhousie, recollecting that the late Sir James Craig b
expressed dissatisfaction at the want of method and regularity in *
keeping the public accounts, and the general impression at that
time was that the Receiver General had a very considerable balance
in his hands and would have much difficulty in settling his accounts.
Will terminate the contract for the services of the Chebucto, now in
Government employ. Seven officers and one hundred and thirty of
the crew of the French frigate wrecked on Salle [Sable] Island have
arrived on a small shallop.
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to advances from the Military q
Chest in aid of the Civil Government of Upper Canada, asking for Jl
instructions as to future.
Enclosures:—
(1) Dalhousie to Harrison, has issued Warrant for £5000 to
Sir P. Maitland. §
(2) Maitland to Dalhousie, requesting Warrant for £5,000 on y
Military Chest in favour of John Henry Dunn, Receiver General, for N
Upper Canada.
(3) Dalhousie to Harrison, regarding the issue of Warrant for
£15,000 to Maitland from the Military Chest. Q
(4) Maitland to Dalhousie, the recent failure of the negotiation y
for renewal of the Provisional Agreement between the two provinces A
has left him without means to defray the charges of the Government
of Upper Canada.   The accumulated distress of the Militia pensioners compels his request for £15,000.
(5) Charles Long to Simcoe, relating to the supply of funds for
Upper Canada from the Military Chest. Lieut. Governor Clarke,
Commander-in-Chief of H.M.'s Forces in Lower Canada authorized
to give credit for not more than £5,000 and not less than £2,000 at one
period.
Wallace to Dalhousie, progress of the college at Halifax and
difficulty of getting money for it. Presbyterianism making great progress in the Province.
Cochran to Dalhousie, Neilson prepared to accept the editorship
of the Quebec Gazette. Alteration in schedules accompanying despatch
to Bathurst on financial affairs of province. Complaints of the conduct of the Sheriff.
Cochran to Dalhousie, offering his own services as editor of the
Quebec Gazette, in the event of Neilson not desiring to undertake the
duty.
1792
Chambers,
L_ 32 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1822 Dalhousie to Cochran, referring to the editorship of the Quebec
Sorel'7 Gazette, and approving of Neilson.   Sends Bathurst's "confidential" .:
Junel' letter on subject of Union.   Criticising present political situation.
Halifax, Kempt to Dauhousie, enclosing statement of expenses for Dal-
june20. housie College.   Mr. George gone home to get Bathurst's consent to I
appropriation from Coal Fund. Rumour of Bill to unite Legislature
of both provinces with alterations as regards the representations. A
deficiency discovered in Military Chest, the cashier, Blackash, to be
tried by General Court Martial.
Enclosure:—
June 12. Abstract of the expense incurred in carrying on the building of '
Dalhousie College.
Quebec, Cochran to Dalhousie, expresses his personal opinions on the
June 22. union of the provinces and the Quebec Gazette.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Bathurst, regrets the surrender of islands near
July7' Amherstburg and Drurnmond Island, which will one day be severely
felt in Upper Canada. Considers the American claim unreasonable
and unfair. Acknowledges the Heads of the Bill for the reunion of
the Legislature. Fears some difficulty will be found in continuing the
taxes or Revenue Bills that actually expired on 1 May last, the
clauses of language and qualifications will be disliked by the Canadians; they are however wise and proper and will not affect the
language in the country which, with its Catholic religion, is the best
bulwark of Canada.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Lord Melville, has visited the Military works at .
Isle aux Noix; suggests stone store houses should not be built. Lieut.
Governor Burton has arrived. Union of the provinces may be carried
through during the present session.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Barrie, sale of vessels on Lake Erie to Americans
July8- will increase prevailing idea that British Government is careless of
safety and unwilling to incur expense on Niagara Frontier. The
Grand River is unsuited as a naval post and unworthy of expense to
improve it, though better than nothing.
Quebec, Herman W. Ryland, issues a Public Notice, by Executive Council,
JuIy8' on claims against H.M.'s Government.
Gibraltar, Oglander to Dalhousie, is desirous of issuing good conduct medals,
Juiy 9. recruiting has been rapid; regimental funds increasing.   Public affairs
in Spain.
Enclosure:—
1821 Oglander to Adjutant General, suggesting a good conduct medal
Gibraltar,       for the most deserving men.
December 20.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Drinkwater, arrival of Burton, to whom he will
y   • administer oaths of_ his office.   Question of the union much talked of.
Arrival of 7,000 emigrants of a very poor class from Ireland.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Drinkwater, Gordon's behaviour as regimental agent.
July 19. ° °
Quebec, Dalhousie to Bathurst, has purchased land in front of fortig-
juiy 12. cations at Quebec, in all about sixty-five acres.
juiy 12. Dalhousie to Lushington, transmitting copy of his letter relating
to purchase of land at Quebec for Lords Commissioners of Treasury.
Quebec, Cochran   to   Dalhousie,   memo,   of   agreement   for   officers   as
July is. Collector of Customs at Coteau du Lac and St. Johns. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Cochran to Dalhousie, reporting death of Mr. Wilson, Collector,      1822
at Coteau du Lac, his son having done duty for some time. Quebec,
July 16.
John Simpson to Dalhousie, accepting office as Collector of Chateau,
Customs at Coteau du Lac. Juiyie.
A. Bastable to Dalhousie asking for employment. Kingston, u.<
Dalhousie to Dr. Hackett, expressing fears of exposing thejuiy2i.
province to disease from the Irish immigrants.
Dalhousie to Maitland, regarding further Military settlements in Sorel,
Lanark.    Caldwell assures him the Union Act will pass this Session. July21-
Cochran to Dalhousie, postal difficulties between Sorel and Quebec,
Chambly; resignation of St. Denis postmaster. Montreal Bank Bill July23-
confirmed; the Quebec Bank delayed.
Dalhousie to Maitland, asking him to assist Thomas Blair who Sorei.
is collecting indigenous plants for a Public Botanical Garden on the July 26'
St. Helene's Island at Montreal. s&^iHri
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie to Thomas Blair, instructing him to proceed to St. No date.
Helene's Island with plants for the garden.
Dalhousie to Macfarlane, gardener, advising him to collect Cana- August 21.
dian plants for St. Helene's Island.
Cochran to Dalhousie, representations about Irish immigrants' Quebec,
ill health not believed in England. July27-
Kempt to Dalhousie, returns after an absence of four weeks. Halifax,
Is pleased the change in Civil Laws has turned out well. Will send July 27'
account of his tour in the Province.
Dalhousie to Harvey, expressing his liking for Burton and plan- sores,
ning Military assistance for civil government in Gaspe. Cockburn July29-
proposes to go there and see what is necessary.
Dalhousie to A. Caron, considering the establishment of per- sorei,
manent Military Post in New Carlisle. July30-
Enclosures:—
Caron to Cochran, a house for troops could be rented from Alex. Paspebiao,
Hall. Ju'y2"
Hall to Caron, proposal for fitting up his new building for the New Carlisle,
troops. Julyl-
Dalhousie to Cockburn, necessary to establish Military Post in sorei,
New Carlisle, Gaspe, to support Civil Magistrate in spring of 1823. Ju,y3°-
Instructs him to examine and report on situation there with a view
to carrying this out.
Dalhousie to Harrison, recommending pay for Superintendent of Q"e°ec,
Invalid Asylum at the Post of William Henry established in 1784, my6V'
now housing one hundred and thirty destitute persons.
Stewart to  Dalhousie,  improving  conditions  in  Nova  Scotia. Haitfax,N.s.,
Cochran's talents and integrity good, disposition might be better.    y
Discusses union of the two provinces.    His  old  friends Wallace,
Uniacke, Morris, and Halliburton all well.
Cochran to Dalhousie, sudden acceptance by Mr. Goudie of lease Quebec,
of King's Posts.   Simpson's commission at Customs Officer at Coteau Juiy3«-
du Lac prepared.    Asks if it is advisable to inform Bathurst by
despatch of the course that has been adopted with respect to the
Lieut. Governor and particularly the advance for house rent. I
34 PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1822 Newton to Dalhousie, joiner by trade, requesting employment.
August 2.
Montreal, Dalhousie to Burton, Appeal Court a disagreeable duty but
August 2.        necessary in the litigious disposition of the people at present.   Requests report of causes tried each term.   Invites him to Sorel.
August 2. Dalhousie to Cochran, refers to Mr. Goudie; retains commis
sions for Mr. Simpson. To report on the arrival of Lieut. Governor.
Irish immigrants in wretched condition; cure for this evil and many
others can come from the Legislature alone. Hopes serious and
just impressions will be made this summer on the public mind of the
necessity to restore to the Executive Government that vigour and
energy which springs from confidence in its ability and good sense to
provide for the public safety in unforeseen emergencies. All these
difficulties were obviously the consequences to be expected, which
he in some degree prophesied more than once to the Assembly. His
part must be perserverance and resolution that the country shall feel
the effect of its own work.
Montreal, Dalhousie to  H. W.  Ryland,  returns  a  circular  from  Civil
August 6.        Secretary's Office calling for information of a confidential nature not
mentioned.
Quebec, Cochran to Dalhousie, relating to efforts to prejudice Burton
Augusts.        against him; incident of James Stuart's invitation to dinner.
Quebec, Cochrane to Dalhousie, report of Council on King's Posts.   Jus-
August 8.        tice necessary in  the  townships.    Felton,  Nichols  and  WhitcheJa
appointed to assist the Judges.   Port of Entry to be opened at La
Prairie.   Suggesting McConnell to finish index in place of Simpson
who goes to Coteau du Lac.
Halifax, Kempt to Dalhousie, describing his visit to Yarmouth, St. Johns
August 9.        an(j fredericton.   New bill regulating the trade between the Colonies
and Europe and the West Islands will prove highly beneficial,
sorei, Dalhousie to Cochran, referring to Burton and meeting Jame3
August io.       Stuart; makes a point of banishing politics from private company.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Mons. Perrault, ardently desires to take leading part
August n.       jn promoting education.
Woolwich, Colonel W. H. Ford to Dalhousie, introducing Major Cockburn,
August 17.       Royal Artillery, hopes he may have an opportunity to make sketches.
Expresses regret at the death of Lord Londonderry and Sir Samuel
Auchmethy in Ireland.
London, Duke of Wellington to Dalhousie, ordering reduction of Corn-
August 19.      missariat Establishment in the Canadas.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to a Warrant for £1250 in
August 20.       favour of Felix Jetu for the purchase of land in St. Valier Street,
St. Roch's suburbs.
Quebec, Dalhousie to Harrison, has granted a Warrant, dated 15 July,
August 2i.       for £1955 t0 Ed   Jegsup for ground in township of Augusta upon
which Fort Wellington is situated,
sorei, Dalhousie to Ready, residence at Gaspe being offered him, but
August 21.       cannot imagine anyone wishing to live there.
sorei, Dalhousie to Cochran, thinks the Union Bill stands on too good
August 2i.       a foundation of old right in the Crown and old practice in the province
to admit of any question.   Burying ground should be on low ground.
Forbes said to resign Gaspe rather than live there; Ready willing
to accept the post. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Cochran to Dalhousie, thinks Ready wants Lieut. Governorship
of Gaspe to retain his influence in the province; does not believe Q
he contemplates residence. Connections of Speaker rousing the
people over the Union Bill. The influential party in the house plan
to remonstrate and refuse to proceed to business. Believes Mon-
seigneur too deep and cautious to commit himself openly. The
people in general are much more apprehensive of the measure as
being calculated to fix their Cures upon them with unrestrained
authority than as abridging the powers of the Bishop. George
Ryland, though unpopular, is standing for election to House.
Sir Thomas Maitland to Dalhousie, introducing Captain Libly l
of H.M.S. Niemen. Dissatisfaction at home over taxes, H.M. and A
Ministers not on good terms.
A. Bastable to Dalhousie, desires to obtain land near Montreal k
to form an Irish settlement.    Asks for testimonial of character of A
his partners, Henry Mackenzie of Montreal, and Jacob Oldham of
Terrebonne.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie to Bastable, testifying to the character of H. Mackenzie s.
and J. Oldham. s'
Lushington to Dalhousie, approves of advances from Military
Chest on account of Civil Government of Upper Canada to be
repaid out of first surplus revenue.
Gordon to Dalhousie, wishes to retain the Agency of 26th
Regiment which is returning to Ireland.
Newspaper cuttings from the Albion, relating to the boundary
line embraced by the 6th Article of the Treaty of Ghent, particularly
in connection with the importance of Cornwall Island, Long Sault
Islands, Grand Island, Duck Islands, Navy Island and Grand Island
in the Niagara River, Drummond's Island, and Barnharts Island,
written by A Canadian and Philos.
Dalhousie to Couper, informing him of the Ready-Cockburn
intrigue and suggesting an exchange for him with Cockburn.
Dalhousie to W. Bullock, giving his opinion on the theft of
a hound.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, declining to carry out instructions to
replace Uniacke as being injurious to the best interests of the Crown
and Country.
Sewell to Dalhousie, Marshall writes that Bathurst intends him
to succeed Uniacke as Attorney General. Recommends his brother
for Solicitor General.
Cockburn to Dalhousie, submitting a report on the district of
Gaspe and New Carlisle in particular with a view to establishing a
Military Post there.   Encloses plans.
No enclosures.
Dalhousie to Sewell, when the vacancy in Solicitor Generalship
occurs shall ask for the best talents at the Bar, declining all retrospect
to claims or to politics of former times.
Minutes of Meeting in Montreal of British and Canadian School
Society, Daniel Fisher, Chairman, for the benefit of children of the
labourini
Treasury
Chambers,
August 31. 1822
Quebec,
September 21.
St. Louis,
October 11.
October 14.
Treasury
Chambers,
October 18.
Halifax,
October 22.
i
1821
Quebec,
December 12.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Cochran to Dalhousie, has deferred action regarding the new
constitution of the Commission for the Jesuits Estates and also
respecting the Lieut. Governor's pew in church.
Colonel John Ramsay to Dalhousie, introducing Lawrence Brown,
son of Principal Brown of Aberdeen.
Dalhousie to Kempt, the Union Bill has fallen through for a
year because all classes in Canada, all merchants in London connected with Canada, the deputations from Upper and Lower Canada
at that period earnestly pressed Mr. Pitt not to divide the country.
Will not speak of the trade bills, being a decided advocate in their I
favour to lay a moderate duty upon every article that comes from
a stranger; the consumer pays it and the consumer may leave it
alone if he thinks it unreasonable.
C. F. Grece to C. W. Grant, as requested sends two bundles of
seed hemp for introduction into Canada of hemp growing as a staple
commodity for exportation, with estimate of expense.
Gordon to Dalhousie, further particulars as to the agency of
26th Regiment on its removal to Ireland.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the union of King's College and Dalhousie
College again proposed at a meeting held at Windsor.
Dalhousie to Shaw, referring to retirement of Uniacke, can make
no arrangement for office or place until actually called upon to fill
the vacancy.
Kempt to Dalhousie, refers to plan for the union of King's
College and Dalhousie College.   Intends going to England on leave
in March.   Maitland not yet decided on accepting the New Brunswick j
Government.
Dalhousie to Ready, regarding his military quarters and free
passage home.
Dalhousie to Ready, declining any further application of a
public nature.
Harrison to Dalhousie, purchase of lots for defences at Quebec
approved.
Kempt  to  Dalhousie, Bathurst  plans revision  of  the  Royal
Instructions to Lieut. Governors of North American Colonies.   A I
sensation will be caused by an expose of Caldwell's embarrassments. I
Sir Howard Douglas to take charge in New Brunswick and will command the troops in Nova Scotia during his leave.    Post communication I
through New Brunswick shamefully attended to.
Dalhousie to Hon. F. Primrose, offering welcome and support on
his arrival.
Dalhousie to Gordon, asks for his personal account and remarks
on the agency of 26th Regiment in Ireland.
Dalhousie to Gordon, statement, in round sums, of amounts received in salary and fees.
Dalhousie to Harrison, asknowledging copy of Treasury
Minute directing the management of the Barrack Department on
foreign stations to be transferred to the Ordnance.
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to the payment of £4,000 to A.
Ferguson for lot purchased by Duke of Richmond.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie to Harrison, regarding correspondence in connection
with payment for land purchased for Military purposes in Quebec. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Chief Justice, returning papers on subject not named.      1822
November 4.
November 6.
William Percival and T. A. Young to Cochran, informing him
decrease of Revenue in 1822 due to small quantity of wine being
imported. Comparative statement of Public Expenditure for the
years 1819-20-21-22, and of the indemnities proposed.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, introducing a Mr. P., [M. H. Perceval],
Collector of H.M. Customs at Quebec and a Councillor also, who goes
to England.
Dalhousie. Remarks relative to the Report of Council on the
formation of an Auxiliary Land Board.
Enclosure:—
The Report.
Dalhousie to Chief Justice Sewell, offering office of. Sheriff to his
son, who accepted.   An imprudent act.
Sewell to Dalhousie, accepting office of Sheriff for his son.
Dalhousie to Lord Lothian, discussing King's visit to Scotland
and the benefits that will be derived from it.
Dalhousie to Macdonnel, discussing union of the provinces.
Union in theory will not bring union in practice for some years at
least. Either unite and command attention to the immediate concerns
of the country, or withdraw H.M.'s troops and protection, and trade
with them as a free country to manage themselves. A very whisper
of such intention would terrify all Canada into any measure which
H.M.'s Ministers might think proper to propose. By retaining
Newfoundland, Cape Breton and Nova Scotia, Britain could open
or shut the gates of the St. Lawrence as she pleased. Jealousy
between the people of Upper and Lower Canada intense.
Dalhousie to Montague, the necessity of uniting the provinces.
The people hostile to each other and need a general government.
Would like to return home.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regrets delay in sending carpets out.
Accoutrements for 26th Regiment will be supplied when necessary.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to communication between the
provinces by the Lachine and Grenville Canals; requests another
£25,000 to complete the latter.
Dalhousie to Harrison, reporting £25,000 repaid to Military Chest
from Civil Chest, Upper Canada, and then advanced to Civil Chest,
Lower Canada.
Dalhousie to Uniacke, referring to the appointments of the
Attorney General and Chief Justice, would not interfere in the
matter.
Dalhousie to Percival, asknowledging fairness of his claim for
compensation, but refusing a land grant because locations given to
emigrant settlers are positively imaginary as there are no means to
cause surveys to be made.
John Walker to Dalhousie, seeking employment.
A. McNab to Dalhousie, asks advice as to the disposal of a
Jacobite relic, the broad sword of Prince Charles Stewart, which had
been brought to Canada, and which he would like to present to the
King
Council
Chambers,
iber 7.
,ber 8.
iber 8. No date.
Jamaica,
December 21
No date.
No date.
No date.
Treasury
Chambers,
December 31
No date.
No date.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Bathurst, reductions in the Indian Department
will be made; bad policy to curtail presents. Expenses of the
Engineer Department and the necessary concentration of the forces
in Canada. Breach of faith with Indians has to be avoided. Unwise
to check work on the Citadel at Quebec, Isle au Noix and St.
Helen's Island. Important to maintain Post at Sault Ste. Marie and
follow the Americans as they extend their line to the westward, not
only to protect the frontier but to maintain connection with the
numerous tribes of Indians.
Dalhousie to Harrison, forwards estimates for the coming year
which allow for reductions in the Military Departments.   Advisability I
of carrying on the establishments under way.
Enclosure:—
Abstract of Reductions in the Military Department.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, acknowledging two Bills to regulate
the trade of Canada which will no doubt place him in future nearly
independent of Legislative appropriations. Discussions have taken
place in the provinces and local opinions given on the Union Bill
in moderation.
G. Wood to Harrison, forwarding annual estimates and explanatory remarks thereon.
Enclosure:—
Estimate of Public Expenditure for 1823.
Dalhousie to Hale, giving his opinion on the Union Bill in regard
to language, religion, and pay of members.
H. Gates to Dalhousie, regarding his subscription to the children's
school in Montreal.
Dalhousie. Notes on a Report on the Penitentiary System of the
United States, by Charles G. Haines.
Census of Lower Canada 1822.   Printed.   Newspaper cutting.
Newspaper cuttings, 1822:—Criticism of Past Session.
Speech of Governor of Jamaica on proroguing the Legislature.
Speech of King of France, opening the Session of the Chambers.
Address of Farming Society of Ireland, and Wellesley's reply.
Canal proposed from Gulf of St. Lawrence to Bay of Fundy to
improve trade with the Maritime Provinces.
Maitland to Colonel H, criticizing the Assembly.
Lushington to Dalhousie, approving his purchase of certain
premises at Quebec for £1250, for military purposes.
Table showing the value of Imports into Quebec for the year
Dalhousie, various notes and anecdotes written over a period
covering the years 1817-1822, on the following subjects: Thermometer.
Climate in Nova Scotia. Duel at Halifax. American Indians. The
Gulf Stream. Refugee negroes. The Falmouth Packets. American
Antiquities. The cause of fogs on Nova Scotia coast. New Englanders.
Story about Uniacke at Annapolis. Politics. Father Burke. Cape
Breton. Judges in Nova Scotia. Height of Niagara Falls. New
Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. Resources of United States.
The name Yankee. Army wit, 1814. Sir George Prevost. Lord
Dunmore.   Lady Prevost.   Gypsum quarries of Windsor, N.S    ' REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
of pauperism. Montesquion's Letters on happiness and education.
Indians of Upper Canada. American honesty. Bishop Stanser.
American vanity. France. Toleration in religion. Lake Superior.
General Burgoyne. General Tarleton. The Jesuits in China. Burke
on Constitutional Government. Mr. Pitt. Lieut. Colonel Cockburn.
Pigeons in Canada..
1823
Treasury
Chambers,
January 3.
Castle of
St. Louis,
January 3.
St. Louis
Street,
January 7.
VOLUME VI
Harrison to Dalhousie, authorizing purchase of site of Fort
Wellington for £1955, from Edward Jessup.
Dalhousie to McNab, considering the peculiar interest of the
broad sword of Prince Charles Stewart, thinks it should be presented
to the King by McNab himself.
Sewell to Dalhousie, an official copy of Papineau's extraordinary
letter will be sent by Lindsay. Enclosed Report adopted as the
basis of the leave and instruction given to choose another Speaker.
Dalhousie to Kempt, the Speaker has accepted a mission to January 7.
England with an address against the Union by a common meeting
held in the streets of Montreal, this without leave from House or
Governor. The report is that the members from Montreal and
districts around will not attend so that a quorum shall not be
formed to choose a Speaker.
Dalhousie to Admiral Fahie, asking for a ship to take him to January 9.
Halifax about 1st July.
W. B. Coltman to Cochran, encloses an estimate of local expenses. Audit office,
January 16.
No enclosures.
Sewell to Dalhousie, hopes nothing respecting R.C. religion will Quebec,
be inserted in the Bill it is proposed to submit to Parliament.   Copy January 19-
of a petition from the late Bishop Denaud could be procured.
Kempt to Dalhousie, describing his failure to obtain funds for Halifax,
Dalhousie College attributing it to the intrigues of Dr. John [Inglis?] Januaiy21-
and the Bishop.
Enclosures:—
(1) Baillie to Kempt, expresses his regret on being unable to     1822
procure funds for Dalhousie College from Bathurst. October 12.
(2) Adam Gordon to Kempt, Bathurst refuses to favour a grant Downing street
for Dalhousie College. October 12.
(3) George to Kempt, referring to Bathurst's reasons for refusing October n.
aid to Dalhousie College.
(4) George to Kempt, fails to secure any assistance for Dalhousie November 12. -
College from Bathurst.
(5) Observations and suggestions for accomplishing the union No date,
of King's and Dalhousie Colleges.
J. Coffin, Secretary of The Baron's Club, which unanimously      1823
elected Dalhousie a member. January 21.
Dalhousie to Duke of Wellington, concerning reductions in estab- Quebec,
lishments; if the Treasury can compress the writings required, it is January 23.
there the reduction will be most effectually made.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, urged by his medical advisers informs January 23.
him that his inflamed eyes and violent headaches make it necessary
to take a short leave to England in the spring.   Has no intention of
quitting his post. 1823
Quebec,
January 24.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Wilmot, instances of open interference in political
matters by the Catholic clergy have been frequent, both by writing I
in the public press and lately from the pulpit.   These may be the I
indiscreet acts of individuals, but they have not been censured by
the superior members of the church.   Approves the spirit and clauses I
of the instructions drawn by Monk, the King's supremacy justifies
them and the improper conduct of the clergy has made them necessary.   If the Union Bill is carried thinks this precisely the proper
moment to assert the other, but if the one is abandoned the other .
should drop with it until the appointment of a Bishop shall offer
a fit opportunity as it ought not to form any part of the Union Bill.
It is a measure of amendment and should come as an Act of the ;
Imperial  Parliament.    Again  recommends  giving  Catholic  church
a Royal institution for the encouragement of schools in parishes..:
The Catholic clergy are not satisfied at being appointed only missionaries by the Bishop and removable as he pleases; neither are they
pleased by the subdivision of his diocese which has been lately made
under Vicaires Generaux, but actually installed by him as Bishops
titular.   Has received a paper from Mr. Mackenzie which expresses. I
the wishes of the clergy.
Dalhousie to R. Wilmot, giving suggestions for the Bill of Union.
The seat of Legislature should be fixed and permanent buildings
erected. Thinks Montreal most suitable for Parliament. The Crown
and Clergy Reserves oppressive, impolitic and unjust. The clause
admitting certain members to the Assembly without right of voting
will not answer. Members in Upper Canada receive pay for attend- .
ance, not so in Lower Canada; thinks it will be necessary to put a
stop to the former.
Dalhousie to Harrison, reductions in Commissariat Department
must depend upon the reduction of writing required by the Treasury.j|
Enclosures:—
(1) Wood to Darling, showing reductions made in Commissary^!
Department.   The principle of contracting can be extended.
(2) R. Edwards to Darling, regarding the extension of system
of contracting in the Commissary Department.
(3) Edwards to Darling, encloses amended returns for reductions
in the Commissary Department.   Withdrawing Commissariat Officer
at Sorel will embarrass out-pensioners of Chelsea and Kilmainham ;
Hospitals by necessitating their going to Montreal for their pensions.!'
Dalhousie to Bathurst, absence of Papineau and Neilson has
been seized upon by moderate men to choose Mr. Valliere as Speaker.:
Papineau and Viger have spread most unfounded alarms for their,
laws, language, and religion. Receives unwearied assistance from
Burton.
Dalhousie to Sir Herbert Taylor, intimating he may have to ask
for leave on medical grounds.
Abstract of claims made by Upper Canada on Lower Canada by
Arbitrator for U.C, followed by remarks by J. Hale, Arbitrator for
L.C.
Harrison to Dalhousie, payment of £4000 to Ferguson for land
purchased at Quebec, approved.
Condemnation of a paper called The Scribbler, by the Grand Jury
of Quebec. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Uniacke, Bathurst has given leave for Marshall to 182
return to England. Februar:
William D. Lindsay and William Macrae, transmitting a state- s*- J***
ment of Governor's share of all sums received from seizures at pebru^
St. Johns.
Dalhousie to Uniacke, Bathurst assures him that after the testi- Februar;
mony of his zeal and ability he has no intention of removing him.
Taylor to Dalhousie, seeking information relative to the Military Horse c
establishments of the British empire and local resources in foreign Fchiuar-
stations and to determine what would be the general situation in
event of war.
Kempt to Dalhousie, thinks Papineau and Neilson are given Halifax,
more credit than they are entitled to. Prosperity in Nova Scotia FehTUar-
returning.
J. Ferguson Winter to Cockburn, giving information on Port Paspebi:
Daniel River and settling townships there. No proper survey yet. Februar^
Agricultural Society in embryo.   Mill required.
Dalhousie to Horton, acknowledging instructions from Treasury Februar:
regarding the Receiver General's affairs; sends resolutions of Assembly
and Council on the subject.
Buchanan to Dalhousie, introducing Dr. Fisher, editor of the NewY01
Albion, New York. Februar;
Stewart to Dalhousie, anxious for his health and return. Halifax,
Februar;
Dalhousie to Drinkwater, Assembly now more moderate and Castieoi
reasonable as Neilson and Papineau in England. |t'bLom!
Dalhousie to Bathurst, Assembly quiet and moderate so hopes Februar;
a Bill of Appropriation will pass.   Lieut. Governor's salary increased.
Pensions granted to Monk and Ogden.   Recommends vacant Chief
Justiceship  at Montreal  should not be  filled, believes two  Chief
Justices unnecessary in one province.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, regarding the request for a mandamus to a Februar;
seat in the Legislative Council in favour of Lieut. Governor.   Salaries
for Speaker in Council and Speaker in Assembly should be provided.
Melville to Dalhousie, recommending Mr. Jaffray in Montreal Admiral
for employment under government. Februar
Dalhousie to Colonel C. R. Forrest, giving him four months castieoi
notice of discharge from his duties. lebruar
Dalhousie to Darling, giving his reasons for discharging Forrest, castieo:
Februar;
Dr. W. Hackett to Dalhousie, asking for assistance in obtaining Februar;
his pay as Health Officer.
Dalhousie to Hacket, question of pay rests with Legislature,    castieot
- Report of the Commissioners for the Adjustment of Land Claims Q
for the Superior District of Gaspe to Dalhousie, describing the method *
and result of their work in settling conflicting claims.
Forrest to Dalhousie, acknowledging his conge but complaining c
confidence withheld and no specific duties allotted him.
Uniacke and Vanfelson to Cochran, giving opinion on the q
escheat of lands in Lower Canada where conditions of improvement *
have not been performed. 1821
March 5.
1822
Quebec,
March 5.
1823
Treasury
Chambers,
March 8.
Washington
March 10.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Cochrane to Dalhousie, stating his opinions regarding the report
on escheat in Lower Canada.
Coltman to Cochran, transmitting schedule of heads of public
expenses in 1821 and 1822 not covered by appropriations nor thejA
Indemnity Bills and a statement shewing deficiency for the four
years from 1819-1822.
Enclosures:—
(1) Schedule of Public Expenses in 1821, not covered by the
Bill of Indemnity.
(2) Schedule of Public Expenses in 1822 not covered by the Bill
of Indemnity.
Dalhousie to Buchanan, H.M.'s Consul at New York, asking him
to inform Dr. Fisher that the Royal Gazette of Quebec is in want of
an editor and inviting him to accept the post.
Harrison to Dalhousie, compensation for losses in late war are
to be made through the Commissary General.
Canning to Dalhousie, transmits a selection of the papers printed
by order of Congress, relating to United States policy toward Indian
tribes.   Speech by Mr. Stirling on navigation of St. Lawrence on the .
report of a committee on foreign relations.   Appropriation by Con- I
gres3 on opening a frontier road.   Act for regulating commercial intei^J
course with H.M.'s North American and West Indian Colonies.   An?
Act affecting internal import trade- with Canada was passed last
session.
Dalhousie to Kempt, Halifax College unable to pay the debl|i
proposes Dr. Twining's Grammar School be carried on in the building.
Bills of Indemnity for 1818 and 1822, inclusive, passed Assembly but
too irregular in form to go through the Council; appropriations for
this year are liberal. Considers the attack upon Sheriff's appointment by Andrew Stuart a cowardly stab at the Chief Justice.
Kempt to Dalhousie, considers that if Sir James Craig had live<i|
to govern the Canada's for ten years the influence of the Crown
would not be in the degraded state in which he found it.   Requires
an additional Judge for the administration of justice in Cape Breton..;'
Dalhousie to Hon. J. Cuthbert, refusing to grant waste lands of
the Crown as land jobbing tends to arrest settlement instead of|
promoting it.
Cuthbert to Dalhousie, expressing thanks for explanation of
motives in disallowing grant for waste lands.
Melville to Dalhousie, will request Admiral Fahie to place
frigate at his disposal for return to England on sick leave.
Gordon to Dalhousie, enclosing return of personal income 1819-
1820-1821.
Enclosure:—
(1) Return of net annual income.
James Hall to Dalhousie thanking him, on behalf of the people
of Lanark, for money collected by the Duke of Hamilton for a
Church for them.
Maitland to Dalhousie, Mr. Sheriff's tract of land in Fitzroy to
remain as granted.
Taylor to Dalhousie, conveying Commander-in-Chief's approval
of his taking discretionary leave for ill health. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Gordon to Dalhousie, forwards account book, the carpets and     1823
various articles.   Heaphey says the picture of General Wolfe is a London,
copy, not an original. March 2s.
Enclosure:—
(1) Clothing account 26th Regiment.
Fisher to Buchanan, accepting offer of editorship of the Quebec
Royal Gazette.
Kempt to Dalhousie, describing further efforts to finance Halifax
College, hopes for assistance from Legislature.
Enclosure:—
(1) Kempt to House of Assembly, message asking for assistance
for the College at Halifax.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding pay for his servant Jardine.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, reporting on session just closed and the
calm good judgment of Mons. Valliere, the Speaker. The public
accounts still in confusion and under strict enquiry by Executive
Council. Assembly objects to twofold estimate, causing much discussion.
Distribution return of Companies of Royal Artillery serving in
' t under Command of Colonel Phillpott.
Harrison to Dalhousie, estimates and reductions approved by the
Treasury.
Caldwell to Dalhousie, desiring interview to remove unfavourable
impression respecting his position and duties.
A. G. Douglas to G. Railand, the season will not allow the
execution of instructions in Batiscan and Cap de la Madeleine.
Bostwic reports on Coffin's pretensions.   Claims made by Moses Hart.
Caldwell to Dalhousie, thanking him for limiting demands on
him for the present to the ordinary payments required for the local
establishments; for suspending all the larger appropriations until
December next and for delaying until the 5th July the Warrants on
the Permanent List. Facilities offered in laying his case before
H.M.'s ministers are appreciated.
Sir Ronald Ferguson to Dalhousie, introducing Thomas Anderson, a Scotch emigrant farmer.
General Edward Capel to Dalhousie, introducing Lieut. Cornwall
of the 60th Regiment, who married a daughter of Lord Charles
Somerset against his wishes and whose duties take him to Canada.
Dalhousie. Memorandum of remarks on Canadian society by
Mr. Justice John Fletcher.
Dalhousie to Hon. William Smith, suggesting formation of a
Canadian Historical Society.
Dalhousie to Vallieres de St. Real, suggesting formation of a
Canadian  Historical   Society.   Returns  grammar  of  the  Micmac
No date.
New York,
March 25.
London,
March 31.
Castle of
St. Louis,
March 31.
Treasury
Chambers,
April 9.
Dalhousie to Davidson, on his departure for England to lay the Quebec
subject of the Provincial Chest and the Receiver General's^ repre- Apr    •
sentation before Treasury Board.   Suggests Treasury allowing repayment to the Provincial Chest of the payments to the Clergy from
1813 to 1817, and of the interest of Army Bills, debts due to the
province. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Bathurst, a balance of £79,000 is available  for
public use but is not in the Receiver General's Chest; begs for specific^
authority how to act.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, forwarding Report by a Committee of
Assembly in last session upon the Provincial Accounts. General wish;
for opinion of Law Officers of Crown in England on the right of
Government to apply the proceeds of the Revenue and other sources .
permanently appropriated to certain purposes declared in the several
Acts.
Enclosures:—
(1) Memorandum of Accounts from the Receiver General, Cald
well
April 9.
(2) Observations made by Dalhousie on th
(3) Dalhousie, will lay before the Council
Me:
•randun
,ter to Bathurst. I
H. W. Ryland to Dalhousie, lays before him a memorandum on
the deficiencies of the Provincial Revenues of Lower Canada.
Enclosure:—
Memorandum relating to revenue in the hands of the Receiver
General.
Sir J. M. Doyle to Dalhousie, introducing Lieut. Cornwall, of I
60th Regiment.
Lord Fitzroy Somerset to Dalhousie, introducing Lieut. Cornwall,
60th Regiment.
David Thomson to Hon. John Hale, reporting upon Barnharts I
Island near Cornwall, U.C, as of little importance to navigation in the
St. Lawrence.   The island belongs to the United States.
Dalhousie to Smith, naming a committee for the Canadian His-/i
torical Society; the fees proposed and place of meeting.
Dalhousie to Canning, thanking him for the public documents seny!
Remarks on the question of Union.   The affair of Phoenix steam-.,
boat has terminated amicably.   Will visit Halifax and New Bruns- I
wick, regrets the death of Lieut. Governor of that province.   Remarks
on his own ill health.
Dalhousie to Vallieres de St. Real, expressing his views regarding I
the Canadian Historical Society.
Cochran to Dalhousie, an advance made for the current expenses I
of the Court of Oyer and Terminer.   Application from Commissioners |
of Lachine Canal for money already put in Caldwell's hands, but '
not now there.   Has communicated to Robert D'Estimauville he will
not succeed to the position of Grand Voyer.
A. G. Douglas to Railand, giving estimates for repairing mill
on River Envier and constructing another in Seignory of Batiscan.^
Importance of other mills on the rivers Veillette and des Chutes.
Douglas to Railand, the Lots et ventes of the Commune of Three
Rivers belong to His Majesty and not to the Jesuit's Estates.
Cochran to Dalhousie, asking him to settle whether Mr. Bi Hop,
who is 86 years old, or Mr. Chipman should be acting Lieut. Governor
of New Brunswick although the Commission gives him no actual
authority except when resident within the province. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1938
Sewell to Dalhousie, asking for his decision as to who will be      1823
appointed acting Lieut. Governor of New Brunswick.   According to May M-
Royal   Instructions   the   Government   is   to   be   administered   at
Fredericton.   Billop is unable to leave St. John and the people favour
Chipman.
Cochran to Dalhousie, respecting the swearing in of Taschereau Quebec,
as Grand Voyer.    Mrs. Baby's petition for the Crown and Clergy May ie-
Reserves in Sherrington, granted her late husband, objected to.   Mr.
Gore coming from Ireland to act as Comptroller.
Dalhousie to Hon. Ward Chipman, offering to go to Fredericton Sorei,
to   confirm  Council   choice,   and  remarks   discountenacing  Billop.May 17-
Intends to leave Quebec on 20th June for Halifax.
R. Cardoza to Dalhousie, introducing John Felton who is to Gibraltar,
reside in Quebec with his brother, a member of the Council. Mayis.
Douglas to Railand, has difficulty in searching land titles at Three Rivers
Three Rivers. May2°-
Vanfelson to Dalhousie, applying for office of Solicitor-General Quebec,
of Province. May 20.
Dalhousie to Irvine, regretting Mr. Young's removal from office. May 21.
Dalhousie to Vanfelson, acknowledging his letter applying for May 23.
the position of Solicitor-General.
Dalhousie to Fletcher, expressing good will towards him. May 24.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, introducing Bishop McDonnell who is Sorei,
going to England. May2r-
Dalhousie to R. Wilmot, introducing Bishop McDonnell of sorei,
Upper Canada. May27-
Cochran to Dalhousie, compensation to be made on revoking QUebec,
Letters Patent of Sherrington, relating to land held by Languedoc, May 27.
the Bishop and McCallum.   Mr. Gore's appointment.   Census.   The
prisoner, Fitzgerald, to be sent to England on the St. Lawrence.
Mr. East, Naval Officer, neglects to send in his accounts.   Caldwell
and Lindsay, of Trinity House, complain of his negligence.
Dalhousie to Harrison, requesting information as to travelling Quebec,
regulations and compensation to officers, their wives and servants. May 29.
Cost of transportation between Quebec and Montreal.
Cochran to Dalhousie, application of Act of 7th and 8th William Quebec,
3rd to inland navigation recognized by Canada Trade Act. Alarm MayM
felt for trade in consequence of seizures in Montreal.
Presentment of Grand Jury to Court of Oyer and Terminer, Montreal,
complaining that of three score bills of indictment all but five were May-
returned to Crown Lawyers from want of witnesses arising from
the necessary means assigned by Law to obtain their attendance.
Cochran, gives his opinion on a paper from the Judges respecting May.
the appointment of Mr. Sewell as Sheriff.
Cochran to Dalhousie, with reference to Desbarat's commission QUebec,
as Captain.   Grant to Mr. Mentanach at Upton does not interfere June 2.
with Judge Perrault.    Repairs to Castle are progressing.   Gives an
account of the murder of a woman, the wife of a shoemaker, on
the Glacis.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to the purchase of buildings Quebec,
from Hudson's Bay Company at St. Mary's Falls for the occupation June 3.
of that place as a military post. 1
1823
Quebec,
June 11.
Quebec,
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Enclosures:—
(1) Darling to Thomas Thain, agent for the H.B. CompanJp
asking their terms for the purchase of buildings at St. Mary's Fal^j
for occupation as a Military post.
(2) Thain to Darling, does not consider himself invested with
sufficient authority to state terms of sale of buildings at St. Mary's
Falls, but will transmit the enquiry to the Governor of the H.B.
Company.
Dalhousie to Harvey, the miscarriage of letters and returns from
Royal Engineer Office at Niagara should be investigated by Sipjv
Peregrine Maitland.
Fletcher to Dalhousie, accepting judicial office at Gaspe on Mr.
Caron's resignation, but hopes he may soon be transferred to a more
civilized part.
William McDonald to McNabb, requesting testimonial as Land
Surveyor.
Harrison to Dalhousie, allowance for Mr. Gray, assistant Barrack
Master at Kingston, and gratuities in the Barrack Department.
Bathurst to Ward Chipman, authorizing him to act as Lieut.
Governor until a successor is appointed to the late Major-General
Smyth.
Dalhousie to Sherbrooke, reviewing political situation, particularly that relating to finance, agriculture, and the union. The
spring Session of 1822 ended in a refusal of everything he had pro1
posed to the Assembly and in the suppression of the Revenue Bills
that were most productive. Papineau and Neilson volunteered to
carry home the petition against the union. Viger was rejected unanif
mously and Vallieres was unexpectedly placed in the Speaker's Chant
Sums far beyond the means of the Treasury were voted but no new
source of revenue was proposed. It is now necessary to ascertain
the actual means in the Chest, the needs of Government for the
ordinary payments of the year, also the balances applicable to
extraordinary appropriations. A balance of £80,000 is acknowledged
by the Receiver-General, but is not actually in hand. Thus embar*
rassed, those to whom various large sums were due were notified
that Treasury can only pay when means are provided. Agriculture
in every part is improving slowly.
Douglas to Railand, is arranging a meeting with Mr. Foy.
Dalhousie to James Hall, acknowledging letter from the inhabitants of Lanark.   Will promote their interests whenever possible.
Dalhousie to Taylor, grateful for leave granted, but health
recovered and leave not required at present.
Hon. J. Richardson to Dalhousie, considers that the disturbances
in Montreal originate in the old custom of charivari and suggesting
that there be one Chairman of the Quarter Sessions instead of two.
Mr. McCord and Mr. Mondelet are unfit for the position of Chief
Magistrate.
Inhabitants King's County, Nova Scotia, to Dalhousie, Address
of welcome on his return to Nova Scotia, signed by twenty-three
persons.
Richardson to Dalhousie, is of opinion that Mr. Oldham is a
very fit person to fill the position of Chief Magistrate in Montreal;
considers that neither Shaw nor Duchesnay are competent. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Commissioner Barrie to Dalhousie, recommends canal into Burlington Bay, and that Burlington Heights be held as a Military posi- B
tion in time of war so that the transport of stores to Lake Erie might J'
be safely carried on independent of the Niagara frontier.
_ Dalhousie to Jacob Oldham, asking him to accept the position of Q
Chief Magistrate of Police at Montreal. J'
W. B. Coltman to Dalhousie, laying before him a report of the c
Committee of Audit on the accounts of the Collector of Customs, J'
especially the recommendations therein and those of a more general
and permanent nature stated separately. Also a Report on the
accounts of the Receiver General and arrears due on the King's
Domaine. Submits some remarks he has prepared on the proposed
auxiliary Land Board. Considers that Mr. Cuthbert's influence with
the Catholic clergy might be rendered of much use.
Maitland  to  Darling,  furnishing  a  detailed  account  of  the s
probable cost of a bridge at Kingston to replace the scow now in use. Jl
Douglas to Railand, reporting on his visit to Batiscan where t
he spent the 12, 13, 14 and 15 May, in an effort to collect arrears of J
taxes.   Some tenants have not paid for fifteen or twenty years. Many
persons ask for concessions.   Gives an estimate, with observations, for
re-establishing the forces at Batiscan, dated 2 February.
VOLUME VII
J. C. Herries to Dalhousie, transmitting a statement of materials Treasury
furnished to the Civil Government by the Royal Engineers Depart- J^a^bere'
ment at Quebec from June 25, 1816, to December 24, 1822, and re-    y '
questing payment amounting to £3,419.8^ currency.
Enclosure:—
(1) E .W. Durnford, Lieut. Colonel, R. E., to J. H. Adams, en- Quebec,
closing detailed statement of materials supplied to the Civil Govern- Pebruaiy u
ment.    (Statement not here enclosed).
Inhabitants of Halifax to Dalhousie, Address of Welcome on Halifax,
his return to Nova Scotia. Juiy8,
Dalhousie in reply to the people of Halifax, assuring them of his Halifax,
continued interest and regard. Ju]ys.
Chipman to Dalhousie, thanking him for his readiness to assist Fredericton
in relieving the situation in New Brunswick by appointing him to ^B-'M
carry on the administration of the government.   Forwards documents
relating to the boundary question.
Chipman to Dalhousie, has received  despatch  from Bathurst Saint
stating it to be in contemplation to submit to His Majesty a plan for '^'^;B-
the revision of the Royal Instructions under which the Governors of
H.M.'s Colonies are now acting and asking for suggestions.
William Black to Dalhousie, presents a Memorial from the Canal saint
Committee begging him to recommend to H.M.'s Ministers that a canal •™in;!1N-B-'
be built from Au Lac to Bay Verte to connect the waters of the Bay
of Fundy with those of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, at a cost of £70,000,
on the grounds that it would encourage settlement and trade, enable
fishing vessels on both sides of the Bay of Fundy to proceed to the
fishing grounds of Newfoundland and Labrador and be of use in case
of war with United States. July 23.
Saint John,
Nieman,
August 10.
Quebec,
August 12.
Chambers,
April 24.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Attached:—
Extracts from Canal Committee Meetings.
Black to Kempt, informing him that Z. Wheeler and Charles
Simonds will present further explanations relative to the proposed
canal.
Enclosure:—
Zalmon Wheeler and Charles Simonds, report on the proposed
Canal across the isthmus between the Gulf of St. Lawrence and $JK
Bay of Fundy, taken in part from the Reports of Messrs. MineoK
and Johnston and from a plan in possession of the New Brunswick
government.
William Bainbridge to Dalhousie, introducing Mr. Contee who
will visit Quebec.
Dalhousie, in answer to a Memorial from a Committee of
Merchants from New Brunswick assuring them of every assistance
he may be able to give them.
Inhabitants of Colchester to Dalhousie, presenting an address
of welcome on his arrival in Nova Scotia.
Dalhousie to the Magistrates of Truro, thanking them for their
address of welcome.
Taylor to Dalhousie, Sir Howard Douglas's appointment to the
Governorship of New Brunswick is contemplated.
Inhabitants of Pictou to Dalhousie, presenting an address of
welcome on his visiting the town.
Dalhousie to the Magistrates of Pictou, thanking them for their
address.
Dalhousie.   Memorandum on the story of Quentin Durward.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, giving further information as to the
cost of erecting the bridge proposed between Kingston and Fort
Frederick and stressing the importance of such communication to
H.M.'s service.
Chipman to Dalhousie, hears from London that Sir Colin Hacket
is reported to be soliciting the Lieut. Governorship of New Brunswick.
Ryland to Cochran, enclosing extracts from Council Minutes
containing questions put to Mr. Coldwell by a special Committee
of Council.
Enclosures:—
(1) Minutes of the Executive Council, committee of three members appointed to report as to whether the Receiver General is in
a position to pay the demands of Government for warrants amount-  '■
ing to thirty-three thousand pounds.   At the same time His Excellency
appointed Sir Francis Burton, Lieut. Governor, and the Honourable :
Messrs. Smith and Hale to be the said Committee.
(2) Report of the Committee of the whole Council on the
deficiency in the accounts of the Receiver General.
(3) J. Sewell, chairman of a Committee of the whole Council,
reports that the  deficiency in the  accounts  of the late  Receiver  j
General is being liquidated by his son, the present Receiver General.
The amount of £6548.2.3 has been paid, the residue of £20,064.11.6
Stg. will be completed by November, 1815. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
(4) John Caldwell, giving an explanation of his late father's
indebtedness to the Crown when Receiver General; pledging his own
property as security for the repayment of the debt and asking for a
period of three years in which to make good the amount of £20,000.
Chipman to Bathurst, explaining the grounds and motvies which
governed Council in appointing him acting Lieut. Governor of New
Brunswick.
1812
Quebec,
September 10.
Freder
August 14.
Coltman to Dalhousie, accepting a seat in the Executive Council. Quebec,
August 16.
August 16.
Burton to Dalhousie, the report of a Special Committee on the
repayment of funds by the Receiver General.
Richardson to Dalhousie, stressing the importance of continuing
work on the Lachine Canal. He and Mr. Garden will pledge themselves to the Bank of Montreal for money required if there is a
certainty of repayment in January next.
Dalhousie to Richardson, depends entirely upon the measures
which the Legislature shall see fit to take on the bankruptcy of the
Treasurer.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, requesting advice as to how to proceed in
the matter of the bankruptcy of the Receiver General.
Dalhousie to Lord Melville, unable to return to England this
summer on account of circumstances, but hopes to do so in the spring.
Cochran to Dalhousie, has been informed that Mr. George
Hamilton is helping Caldwell through the confusion of his affairs.
The Chief Justice suggests Crown Officers be directed to look after
interests of the Crown by attaching or otherwise securing all Caldwell's resources as assets to meet the public debt. Wishes to know
if the future revenues are to be kept by the Commissioners in the
Bank of Montreal or Bank of Quebec.
Cochran to Dalhousie, will have to resort to Military Chest for
£15,000 necessary to meet immediate expenses. Col. Darling does
not consider himself authorized to advance that amount from the
Gordon to Dalhousie, forwarding four yards of ribbon for the <3
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, sufficient for two. A
The King's picture will be forwarded.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, the Receiver General has declared himself Q
bankrupt in the widest extent of the word. The finances of the A
province have been involved more by the ambiguous conduct of the
Receiver General and by the delicacy of the Assembly towards him
as a respectable member in society than by any confusion in the
accounts or want of means to cover expenditures. Now forced to
advance from the Military Chest as required and the Trustees are
instructed to pay back as the current receipts shall enable them.
Dalhousie, memo, on Commissioner Barrie's opinion that a Canal a
would be advantageous to the province.
Cochran to Dalhousie, seeking his opinion regarding actions for Q
the escheat of some lots of land as an experiment of the practicability a
or convenience of such a proceeding.   Will keep a close watch for
any  further   suspicious  transactions   by   Caldwell   and   act  upon
instructions.
Cochran to Dalhousie, Dr. Fisher has arrived to take up his q
appointment as Editor of the Gazette. 1823
Sorel,
August 28.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Alex. Maclean, referring to the total bankruptcy
of the Receiver-General with a loss of £100,000, which will fall on:
the Treasury in England ultimately.   It has been long foreseen.
Cochran to Dalhousie, has issued a warrant for Judge Ogden's
salary. Col. Vassal to proceed to St. Denis on temporary warrant;
for travelling expenses. The Jesuits' Fund balance in May was
£1500.
Cochran to Dalhousie, advances from the Military Chest and
payment of outstanding warrants.
Dalhousie to Cochran, regarding his meaning as to the payment
of warrant as expressed in the Minute of Council. If the Civil
government is to borrow from the Military Chest it must do it in
the form which the system of the Military Chest requires. "Outstanding unpaid warrants" is a term far too wide to be undertaken..;
Has the power to order the Collector of Customs to pay the amount*
of Bonds in his possession into the Military Chest and shall most
assuredly do so if necessary.
Captain Dickson to Dalhousie, the Hebe has arrived with 280
emigrants from Cork and Limerick. A few respectable families, but I
most of them a poor class. Arrangements have been made for thenSp
at Fort Wellington. Dr. Dickson, a surgeon in the Navy, is in charge^
of them. The Stakesby sailed the same day from Cork and is^
expected.
Dalhousie to Sir Herbert Taylor, regarding the proceedings of
the Court Martial and recommending the removal of Lieut. Colonel*
Burns from command of the 37th Regiment on account of his harsh®
unkind and jealous conduct towards his officers.
Dalhousie to Taylor, recommending Col. Fitzgerald for command-
of the 1st Battalion 60th Regiment on sudden death of Lieut. Colonel;
Andrews.
A. G. Douglas to Darling, remarking on his Agency to the
Jesuits' Estates, and suggesting they should be administered likjjfl;
the Seignory of Sorel.   Had the lease of Cap de la Magdeleine been
granted it would have been a precedent for granting leases of all
H.M.'s Seignories in this Province.
Bishop to Dalhousie, asking for letters of introduction to nobility
and gentry in England as he proposes spending a year there.
R. Christie to Dalhousie, expressing the disappointment of the
inhabitants of Paspebiac at not receiving a visit from him on his;
return from Nova Scotia.
Cochran to Dalhousie, informing him of the payment of outstanding warrants and also of the usual monthly pay lists to the
Engineers.
Canadian Courant, an article on the Customs House at Couteau
du Lac signed "John," with a reply by the editor of the paper.
Bishop Inglis to Kempt, making suggestions regarding the union
of King's and Dalhousie Colleges.
Dewitt Clinton to Dalhousie, transmitting the first two volumes
of the Transactions of the New York Historical Society.
Cochran to Dalhousie, asking instructions for issuing the warrant
for Sir F. Burton's salary.
Dalhousie to Colonel Gore, is unable to anticipate the expected
papers relating to Mr. Young. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 51
Dalhousie to the Catholic Bishop, will form no opinion on the     1823
subject of the Pamphlet alluded to, but intends transmitting a copy Member 20
to Bathurst requesting his instructions.
Percival to Dalhousie, stating that his duties as Collector of Quebec,
Customs prevented his attending the Court of Appeals. September 20.
Caldwell to Dalhousie, enclosing extract of a letter from Mr. Quebec,
Davidson. September 22.
Enclosure:—
(1) Davidson to Caldwell, stating that after an interview the London,
claims made were apparently admitted by the Chairman of the AuditJuly M-
Office, but the system disapproved of.   As they wish to come to a
settlement, will report in favour of the balance due by the Military
Chest, but says the security given bears no proportion to the amount
in his hands.
Dalhousie to Caldwell, acknowledging his letter and the copy Sorei,
of Davidson's enclosed.  Does not anticipate any favourable result, but September 24.
waits for official communication from H.M.'s Government.
Cochran to Dalhousie, referring to letters received relating to Quebec,
Caldwell's case and the repayment of sums due. September 23.
Cochran to Dalhousie, enclosing two proclamations for signature; Quebec,
is proroguing the Legislature.   Asks advice for transporting Burke SePte»»ber 22.
and Kelly, two pardoned men.    Some method, such as paying for
transportation in similar cases, should be devised.    A man named
Ivon is condemned at Three Rivers and a pardon being sought for
him by Mr. Hale.   The repairs at the Castle have been completed.
C. W. Durnford, statement of the proposed establishment of Quebec,
persons to be employed in the Royal Engineers' Department. September 24.
Norman Uniacke to Kempt, enclosing his observations on the
Commissions under which the Governor-in-Chief administers H.M.'s
Government in British North America, in connection with a plan
for the revision of the Royal Instructions which accompany the
Commission.
Dalhousie to Cochran, has found the abilities of Mr. Neilson's
son are altogether unequal to the task of King's printer. Dr. Fisher
has been appointed to conduct the Government Gazette and the two
commissions of editor and printer have been given him.
Maitland to Dalhousie, intends placing the settlers expected
from Ireland in the Johnstown and Bathurst districts.
Dalhousie to James Buchanan, asks for names of two men to
whom money was issued on their pretence to be British officers.
Regarding his brother's intentions as to land, explains that there is
no safe plan for granting it until the lands are surveyed and mortgages
are placed on record.
Cochran to Dalhousie, regarding threats made by Judge Kerr
against him and his continuing to practise law while Civil Secretary.
Neilson to Cochran, has been unable to come to terms with Dr.
Fisher over profits of the Quebec Gazette.
Fisher to Cochran, in view of Neilson's refusal to accede to his
proposal respecting the Quebec Gazette, is ready to issue prospectus
of a new paper.
Cochran to Dalhousie, stating that Judge Kerr has made overtures with a view to dropping the question he proposed placing before
the Government regarding his (Cochran's) practicing law while Civil
Secretary.
Mount
TJniake.
September 26. 52
1823
Sorel,
October 2.
Quebec,
October 2.
Regents Park,
London,
Ootober 6.
London,
October 8.
Treasury
Chambers,
October 9.
Custom House,
Quebec,
October 11.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Clinton, thanking him for Transactions of the New
York Historical Society.
Cochran to Dalhousie, asking for a decision on the report of the
Judges in the case of Pounder, lately convicted.   Forwards Ferder's
memorial, but is unable to find work for him.   Dr. Fisher and Mr. ;
Neilson discuss terms for carrying on the Gazette.   Davidson writes |
on matters related to Caldwell's case and a new arrangement for the
office of the Receiver General.
Cochran to Dalhousie, it is reported that James Stuart is to be
appointed Attorney General; Mr. Reid to be Chief Justice of Montreal >
and Mr. Uniacke raised to the bench.
Dalhousie to Percival, informing him that the duties of an
Executive Counsellor precede all others.
Forrest to Dalhousie, stating that the Secretary at War withheld
his half pay and now demands the return of £129.
Gordon to Dalhousie, the vacancy in the 26th Regiment has
been filled by Ensign Calder.
Horton to Dalhousie, as the office of Receiver General of the
Provincial Revenue wa3 imposed on Mr. Caldwell by the Assembly
without allowing him any additional salary, it is impossible to suppose that Parliament will make good the defalcation of the Colonial
Revenue.
Horton to Dalhousie, recommends course to be adopted in connection with Caldwell's bankruptcy and the £25,000 drawn in 1822
from the Military Chest in aid of civil government. £32,000 or under
may be drawn from Military Chest which, after the striking of a
balance, may appear to be due and against which no real claims"
exist on the part of H.M.'s Government. The object of this payment
will be to replace any sums of money from the Colonial Fund, the-
legality of which cannot be maintained.
Harrison to Horton, referring to Caldwell's bankruptcy, it is
suggested the proper law officers should draw up a statement of the
several branches of Revenue raised in Canada specifying whether
raised under British Acts or Colonial Acts and whether any and what
branches of such revenue is applicable by H.M.'s authority without a
previous appropriation of the Colonial Legislature. Measures to be
adopted towards Caldwell and his office, and providing proper
custody for the public money.
Dalhousie to Catholic Bishop, will inform him later on the
subject of the pamphlet by Chaboillez.
Percival to Dalhousie, acknowledging his direction to attend
the terms of the Court of Appeals and will inform the Commissioner
of H.M.'s Customs.
Judge Caron to Dalhousie, understands that the Lieut. Governor
of Gaspe is on his way out from England and will reside in the.
Paspebiac district.
Dalhousie to Harrison, Mr. Adams, Deputy Commissary General,
proposes reductions in the Department of Accounts.
Dalhousie to M. G. Prevost, regrets the cruelty and injustice
done to the memory of his brother, Sir George Prevost. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
General Frederick St. John to Dalhousie, introducing his son,
Frederick, Captain in the 52nd Regiment at Halifax.
Cochran to Dalhousie, asking his opinion as to whether the
proposed change in the title of the Gazette to the Quebec Royal
Gazette, would be legal.
Dalhousie to Kempt, agreeing to the union of King's and Dal- i
housie Colleges. c
Cochran to Dalhousie, proprietors of the Quebec Mercury con- <
sider government sanction essential before proceeding with publication in consequence of a letter from Neilson and Cowan.
John Young to Dalhousie, describing agricultural prog:
Nova Scotia, and stating the number of mills in operation.    The
defeat of his party in the recent elections.
Peter Turguand to Darling, giving information with respect to
the resources of his Department in case of war. Canada is entirely
dependent on England for money and provisions.
A. Lane to Charles Benns, referring to judgment on the petitions
of six prisoners, John McGregor, Richard Rollings, Paul Mabey,
Donald McDonald, Thomas Owen, and William Duckendorff, for
contempt, which will be passed when Chancellor is assured no return
of the like conduct will be resorted to and when he is assured the
judgment will be enforced.
Colton to Dalhousie, informing him that the Receiver General's
balance exceeds what it was stated to be at the period of Davidson's
departure by £20,000.
R. W. Horton to Dalhousie, the Legislature should be recommended to provide such an additional salary to the Receiver General
as may afford him fair and competent remuneration without compelling him to seek for such by the use of the public money, and a
quarterly audit should be held of the money in his hands.
Coltman to Dalhousie, returning Mr. Cuthbert's letter. >
Kempt to Dalhousie, enclosing copy of a letter from the Lieut, i
Governor of Prince Edward's Island regarding friction with the inhabi- *
tants and subsequent proceedings in Court of Chancery.
Enclosure:—
C. D. Smith to Kempt, relating to recent troubles and asking for c
a detachment of troops. *
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to sums advanced from the c
Military Chest to the Lanark settlers in Upper Canada.   A ten year J
mortgage in favour of the Government has been placed on land
allotted to each settler for the amount advanced.
Smith to Kempt, has no intention of pressing Chancery pro- c
ceedings until Government at home is heard from. *
Dalhousie to Bathurst,  all  discharged soldiers and emigrants Q
located in the Military settlement have been returned by Q.M.G.'s £
Department for their land deeds free of expense.   About 445 patents
have been issued.
1823
The Hall
England,
October 20.
Quebec,
October 20.
Willowpark,
Halifax,
October 28.
Commissary
Office,
Quebec,
October 30.
Charlottetown
October 30.
Downing
Street,
November i. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
1823 Dalhousie to Harrison, reductions in Commissariat Department,
Turguand reports unable to carry on without addition of Deputy
Assistant, asking for appointment of Assistant Commissary General"
Mason.
Quebec,
November 7,
Commissary
General's
Office,
ovember 10.
Enclosure:—
P. Turguand to Dalhousie, reporting on reductions in the Commissariat Department, and giving a Return of the various posts with
Ouebeo, officers in charge of each.
October 21.
Quebec, G. Harvey, Deputy Adjutant General, Report of Establishments
November 7.    Q£ TjepUty Adjutant General's Department in Canada.
Castaeof Dalhousie to Bathurst, as the appointment of a Chief Justice in
Montreal courts is to be continued recommends Mr. Justice Reid.
When Uniacke goes to the Bench James Stuart should be appointed
Attorney General. Considers Charles Ogden rather than Vanfelson,
as suitable for appointment of Solicitor General.
November w. Inventory of the United States navy, giving names and where
serving. Trade of New York as shown by arrival of ships from
foreign parts. The public debt of the United States. Statement
by Joseph Bouchette on the population of Lower Canada. The
revenue and shipping of New Brunswick, as taken from a Report
laid before the Legislature.
Commissary Turguand, Return of officers receiving half-pay, retired allowance
General's        an(j Chelsea pensioners in Canada.
Quebec,
November 11.
Navy Commander J. Chauncey to Hon. T. L. Southard, reporting on
commissioner's vessels in the U.S. Navy on the lakes and elsewhere.
November 13.
Saint John, Chipman to Dalhousie, has been informed that Sir Howard
n.b., Douglas will not arrive before the spring.   Has received no further
Novem er . a(jviGe on jfae boundary question. Refers to the survey of a route
from Shediac Harbour in the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the River
Petitcoudiac or other waters communicating with the Bay of Fundy
for the contemplated canal. Is impressed with the importance of this
project,
st. Louis Sewell to Dalhousie, returning draft of speech written by Dal
housie.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, acknowledging his despatch of 26th
August, and remarking on clauses in Stuart's paper on the Union.
Sentiments in Lower Canada are quite the reverse of what Papineau
and Neilson had stated. Sixty members for each Province ought
never to be exceeded. A seat in the Assembly should have a property
qualification of £500 to secure a greater respectability in the members
chosen. The Attorney and Solicitor Generals should be representatives and organs of Government in the Assembly. Considers Quebec
the proper seat of Government, but the prerogative of the Crown to
convene the Legislature wherever circumstances render it advisable
should be maintained. Parliamentary privileges should be clearly
defined. Restrictions as to language necessary in the Courts of
Justice as well as in the Legislature. The King's prerogative as
Head of the Church ought to be exercised in Lower Canada precisely
in the same extent in the Catholic as in the Protestant Church, in regard to the formation of parishes and induction of ministers. The
people of Lower Canada have perfect reliance in H.M's Government.
Street,
November 17. 1823
Montreal,
November 22.
Halifax,
November 24.
Legislative
Council,
November 26.
Castle of
St. Louis,
November 29.
REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Montreal Herald, published communication on the establishment
of Register Offices, written by "U.L.P."
Agricultural Society of Nova Scotia. Copy of an article in the
Halifax Journal on the monthly meeting of the Society.
Dalhousie to the Assembly, opens the Session with his speech.
Estimates. Recommends the Judicature Bill and Register Officer Bill.
Calls for harmony among the members.
Davidson to Grant, relating some of the difficulties in dealing i
with offenders against the law on the St. Regis reservation. The lack *
of roads in a serious inconvenience.
Davidson to Hon. C. W. Grant, regarding illicit trade with the 1
United States. Inefficiency of Militia system in conducting prisoners *
to jails.
Caldwell^ to Dalhousie, remarking on the effect produced in ?
England of his removal from the Receiver Generalship.
Dalhousie to Caldwell, impossible to comply with his request for
reinstatement as Receiver General, at least until all claims against him
are made good.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, Lieut. Governor of Lower Canada has
precedence as the elder province next to Governor in Chief and above
Lieut. Governor of Upper Canada.
Dalhousie to Harrison, has advanced £30,000 from Military Chest
to aid Civil Government, Lower Canada.
Dalhousiei, memo, on the bad behaviour of Mr. Marshall and
Colonel Ready towards himself.
Percival to Dalhousie, thanking him for letter received and the
acknowledgment of his services.
Dalhousie to Cochran, referring to the case of Pounden; the
Court respites the sentence of hanging.
Dalhousie to Chipman, expressing confidence in him.    Before Quebec,
leaving England Sir Howard Douglas should enquire into the bound- December
ary line question and the projected canal from the Gulf to the Bay
of Fundy.   The present state of the Government finances will not
allow of much assistance.
Sewell to Dalhousie, giving his opinion on the question raised by Quebec
Judge Kerr  on the jurisdiction of the Vice-Admiralty Court 0fDecember
Quebec.
Dalhousie, memo, on Chief Justice Sewell's manuscript dated No date.
February 20, 1819, on the jurisdiction of the Vice-Admiralty Court.
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to the purchase of a lot at Quebec,
the mouth of the Rideau River as a depot at a cost of £750.   The December
unreasonable price asked for Richmond Landing led to its rejection.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, the militia of the country is more a Quebec,
general arm of police by the existing French Laws than a body under December
Military regulations as in other countries. Scattered abroad the
formation in battalions is altogether imaginary and unless called out
by the appearance of war cannot be enforced. Arms and accoutrements are necessary for six flank volunteer companies for Montreal
and Quebec.
Enclosure:— ,    .
R. Gore, Ordnance Storekeeper, demand for ordnance, store and °™ce>
carriages to complete establishment. Quebec,
Custom
December 3.
Sorel,
December 3. Custom
December 28.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Drinkwater, regarding the £96,000 deficit and total
bankruptcy of the Receiver General. A better system to regulate
both revenue and expenditure is necessary. Expects to be in London
early in July and remain until spring.
Dalhousie to Forrest, defining his attitude towards him and his
reasons for replacing him as A.D.C.
Sewell to Dalhousie, recommending establishment of Chamber of
Commerce for Quebec, Montreal, and Three Rivers, to obviate evils
experienced by English ship-owners.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, the public hopes the Assembly will make
some provision by a loan in the Province to relieve the difficulties of
the late Receiver General. Proposes leaving for England 1st June.
Stuart to be in London in February on the question of the union of
the Provinces.
Dalhousie to Torrens, requesting him to make arrangements for
his return to England on short leave.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommends regulated emigration with
bounties and preparatory arrangements such as surveys, roads, depots,
and superintendents.
Dalhousie to Captain Hay, recommending him to return to
regimental duty.
Enclosure:—
V. Courtlandt, memo, on Captain Hay's desire for an exchange*
into the 8th Division.
Dalhousie to Viscount d'Escars, requesting him to present the
enclosed letter of congratulation to H.R.H. the Due d'Angouleme.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie to H.R.H. the Due d'Angouleme, congratulating him
on the success of his campaign.
S. Wood to Dalhousie, remarks of a general nature on affairs
in England. Improvement of the state of his eyes after an operation.   Will return to Canada in the spring.
W. Campbell to Dalhousie, referring to the inconvenience to
which masters of ships are subjected at Quebec, suggests the establishment of a Court of Summary Jurisdiction.
Kempt to Dalhousie, Hale, as Paymaster General in Canada,
was considered an honest and able accountant, should fill the
situation of Receiver General. Nova Scotia is very prosperous and
harmonious.
Peter Turguand, Commissary General, to the Lord3 of the
Treasurury, the annual current account.
A Return of desertions from the several Corps in Canada between
25th December, 1814, and 24th December, 1823.
Report on the number of chests and pounds of teas imported
since 1810.
Taylor to Dalhousie, referring to the Court Martial of Lieut.
Colonel Burns, 37th Regiment.
Dalhousie to Richardson, suggesting the proper care of the
insane and foundlings. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dr. Strachan to Dalhousie, expressing his thanks for letters of
introduction. His trip to Boston and Washington very pleasant and
his meeting with President Adams who is feeble, being in his eighty-
ninth year, gave him much pleasure.   Describes his stay in Scotland.
Debate in Assembly on Crown and Clergy
Kempt to Dalhousie, returning to him with commendations his e
letter addressed to the Speaker of House of Assembly. r
Dalhousie to Abbe Mignault of Chambly, referring to the case r
of Hagan, a wandering schoolmaster.
Memo, of the Interior Magistracies in each County. *
Dalhousie, memo, on the agriculture of Canada and trade com-1
pared with those of East Indies.   Also a note on the resources of
Michigan which are similar to those of Canada.
Dalhousie, memo, of his reasons for the appointment of Charles i
Ogden, as Solicitor General, in place of Marshall, instead of Vanfelson.
Dalhousie, a summary of the Huntingdon Peerage, by Nugent >
Bell.
The Quebec Gazette, Presentment of the Grand Jury of the >
District of Montreal on the expense incurred in summoning Crown
witnesses to attend the Court of King's Bench.
Dalhousie's Speeches opening and closing sessions 1817-1823.      v-
Dalhousie, memo, on the general government of Lower Canada, *
the Executive Council, Committee of Audit, lands, administration
of justice, collection of revenue and public accounts.
1823
Banff,
December 30.
House of
Assembly,
VOLUME VIII
1824
Notes on the state of the Church in Lower Canada. January.
The Hon. W. Smith to Dalhousie, enclosing a paper referring to Januarys,
the appointment of a Receiver General for the colony of New York.
Enclosure:—
Extract from Smith's History of New York. No date.
Sewell to Dalhousie, has searched the Journals of the Imperial January 8.
Parliament   for   instances   of  Addresses   for  official  opinions,   but
thinks the granting or refusing copies of opinions is discretionary on
the Crown and according to circumstances.
Smith to Dalhousie, quoting a letter from Secretary of State for January 12.
Colonies in 1768 to the Governor of the Province of New York prohibiting him from communicationg, either in Council or Assembly,
any copies of extracts from any Secretary of State without H.M.'s
particular directions.
Hale to Dalhousie, stating that Mr. Barclay removed from the Quebec, |
Bank of Montreal and conveyed to New York all the documents con- anuary  -
nected with the boundary question.    One copy was sent to the Foreign
Office.   The only map in his possession is a copy of one made of the
islands of the Long Sault.
Dalhousie to Commodore Bainbridge, inviting him to come toO"**^
Quebec in May.
Dalhousie to Harrison, land at Fort Wellington sold at a profit. g££*
The Block House and Redoubt have been reserved. 1824
Halifax,
January 21.
1823
May 28.
1824
Quebec,
January 22.
Downing
Street,
February.
1823
1824
Treasury
Chambers,
February 4.
February 7.
Castle of
February 2S
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Kempt to Dalhousie, regarding the proposed Bill for the union
of King's and Dalhousie Colleges.
Enclosure:—
Dr. McCulloch to Bishop Inglis, anticipates the union of the
Colleges will affect the College at Windsor more than that at Pictou. I
Dalhousie to Horton, stating the intentions of Assembly regarding financial arrangements resulting from discussion upon affairs of
the Receiver General. The recovery of the deficit has been left to the
Treasury. The appropriations of the last year to be provided for by
a provincial loan. Debt to Military Chest asknowledged as owing
by the province.   Funds for current year to be raised by loan.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, granting leave of absence from the government for six months.
Dalhousie to Horton, explaining the progress in construction of
the Lachine and Grenville Canals.
Enclosures:—
Henry du Vernet's report on the progress of the Grenville Canal.
Memo, on the water communication between Upper and Lower
Canada.
Harrison to Dalhousie, no alterations to be made in the system
of the Invalid Asylum at William Henry.
L. J. Papineau, speech in favour of the Canada Trade Actt||
printed in the Quebec Gazette, Monday, February 9.
The Quebec Gazette, proceedings in connection with the Canada
Trade Act.
Kempt to Dalhousie, the union of King's and Dalhousie Colleges
under consideration. Encloses drafts of the Bills prepared by Uniacke
and Inglis on the proposed union.   Not here enclosed.
Hon. James Cuthbert to Dalhousie, thanking him for receiving!
Roderick Morrison, and expressing regret on his proposed absence
from the country, even for a short time.
Mons. Chaboillez to De Lery, regarding Declaration of Vercheree
and those who signed it.   In French.
Maitland to Dalhousie, expressing regret that his letters should
have had the remotest tendency to diminish the good understanding >
which has existed between them.
Dalhousie to Cuthbert, informing him that he is going home
as early as possible in the spring, and that his return will depend upon
circumstances.
Dalhousie to Burton, requests that the Society (Historical ?) will
put him down as a subscriber at £100 a year while Governor in
Canada. Suggests the title of "Patron" be adopted in gaining Royal
protection and he will be honoured in accepting that of "Founder."
Dalhousie, memo, on opinion of Mr. Crawford of Gaspe, referring
to the road from^ Restigouche to Quebec. The residence of Lieut.
Governor in Gaspe. The system of land grants to enforce settlement.
Inefficiency of the Quarter Sessions in Gaspe. Fisheries and complaints of American encroachments. Settlements and Militia conditions.   Mr. Knagg, the clergyman, unsuitable and should be removed.
Dalhousie, memo, on revenue and expenditure, and the policy
of the Governor, for the perusal of any Member of the Legislature. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Dalhousie to Bathurst, believes augmentation to pensions to
Monk and Ogden rejected by House of Assembly. Recommends
Uniacke to succeeed the late Judge Chipman.
Stewart to Dalhousie, on affairs in Nova Scotia; the union of the *
Colleges, Sir James Kempt's visit to England. The General Assembly *
prorogued.
Dalhousie to Kempt, the union of King's and Dalhousie Colleges c
and advantages to be gained by the students. J
Laws and By-laws of Quebec Literary and Historical Society.
Dalhousie to Judge Caron, expressing his desire to promote the
interests of Gaspe.
Dalhousie, memo, on Treasury despatch on the affairs of late *
Receiver General and the course to adopt in the payments of 1824. s
Dalhousie to Herries, advising him that the Assembly ignores Q
demand by Treasury for payment for materials furnished to Civil J
Government by Royal Engineers Department; considers this demand
will always be resisted on the ground that the Castle of St. Louis is
the residence at once of the Civil Governor and Military Commander
in Canada.   Recommends past claims be dropped.
Dalhousie to Taylor, regarding the Court Martial and reinstate- a
ment of it.   Colonel Burn, 37th Regiment.
Dalhousie, to Sir W. Gordon, acknowledging receipt of Com- C
mander-in-Chief's instructions for Cockburn to resume his duties A
and a private, undated letter relating to Cockburn.
Enclosures:—Correspondence relating to charges against Lieut.
Colonel Cockburn.
(1) Dalhousie to Gordon, requesting the removal of Colonel *
Cockburn from Canada.
(2) Gordon to Dalhousie, considers Cockburn should resign or *
have his conduct investigated by a General Court Martial. '
(3) Cockburn to Dalhousie, denying the charge against him.
1824
Castle of
St. Louis,
March 15.
March 16.
(4) Dalhousie to Cockburn, reaffirming his charge.
(5) Dalhousie to Gordon, if H.R.H. thinks the request for Cock-
burn's resignation inadmissible, must submit to the extrordinary
situation of knowing himself, H.M.'s representative in Canada, liable
to the secret abuse and intrigues of any officer under his command;
(6) Cockburn to Gordon, refuting the charges brought against
him by Dalhousie.
(7) Gordon to Dalhousie, advising him that the charges against
Cockburn must be proved before a Court Martial.
(8) Gordon to Dalhousie, has advised Cockburn to apply for
leave and endeavour to arrange an exchange to some other station.
Young to Dalhousie, complains of the Assembly interfering with
the Agricultural Society making his position untenable; asks for
appointment as professor in the new College.
Quarter
Master
General's
Office,
July 3.
Quebec,
August 20.
Quebec,
September 28.
November 27
1824
Horse
Guards,
January 10.
Halifax,
March 31. Street,
AprU 10.
Castle of
St. Louis,
April 26.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie, notes on an extract from a letter by Chief Justice
Smith on the political and constitutional interests of Canada, written I
to Brook Watson, 1788.
Kempt to Dalhousie, regarding the union of King's and Dalhousie Colleges. Sir Howard Douglas to assume command in Nova
Scotia.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, has purchased 17 buildings from the Hudson's Bay Company at the Falls of St. Mary, as well as several small
pieces of ordnance and brass field guns.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, Treasury approves expenditure of £750
paid Hugh Fraser for a lot of land to be used for a depot for stores
at mouth of Rideau river.
Dalhousie to Hale, referring to the system of accounting in the
Treasury and the province.
Captain W. Marshall to Dalhousie, describing the Irish emigrants
and religious situation in Lanark.
Dalhousie, notes made on financial affairs in Lower Canada.
Address from the inhabitants of Montreal to Dalhousie, and his
reply.
Address from the inhabitants of Sorel to Dalhousie, and his reply.
Montreal,
May 10.
Halifax,
Castile of
St. Louis,
May 18.
Museum Si
May 28.'
Address from the Seminary of Montreal to Dalhousie.
Wallace to Dalhousie, mentions anniversary meeting of the
Agricultural Society, the quantities of flour and oatmeal brought to the
Halifax market.
Dalhousie to Caldwell, informing him that he (Dalhousie) must
be entirely guided by the report of the Executive Council, and the
future Treasury instructions in regard to the settlement of his affairs
with the public.
Montreal Herald, copy of an extract on the Upper Canada
elections.
Dalhousie to Sewell, asks advice in filling the vacancy caused
by death of Ainslie, Clerk of the Crown.
Dalhousie to War Office, inquiring as to the rate of exchange and
payment of troops.
Enclosures:—
(1) Kempt to Dalhousie, transmitting Memo, drawn up by
Deputy Commissary General Haden on the value of the dollar.
(2) Memo, relative to the value of the Spanish dollar as paid to
the troops.
Sewell to Dalhousie, sees no necessity for issuing writs of election
immediately. There must be one Session in every year, but the day
is left to the discretion of the Governor.
British and Foreign School Society to Dalhousie, testifying to
his exertions in the cause of universal education and appointing him
an honorary member of the Society.
Dalhousie to Vallieres, presenting him with the silk gown of
King's Counsel.
Quebec Gazette, publishes a letter by "A.J." on Colonial Governors in general and Dalhousie in particular. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Sewell to Quebec Literary and Historical Society, an Essay on
the Juridical History of France so far as it relates to the Law of the
Province of Lower Canada.
Dalhousie, memo, regarding a public dinner tendered to him
at Quebec, and the addresses' from Montreal and William Henry.
Dalhousie to H.R.H. the Duke of York, confidential report on the
military and other resources available in case of war.
Enclosures:—
(11 P. Turguand. Commissary General. Report on the Commissariat Department.
(2) Thomas Draper, Deputy Inspector of hospitals. Return of
Medical Department.
(3) Distribution Return of the troops in Canada.
(4) H. Phillott, Return of Ordnance.
1824
Quebec,
May 31.
October 25.
No date.
(5) H. Phillott, present strength of Royal Artillery serving in
Canada.
1824
Quebec,
May 18.
Quebec Literary and Historical Society to Dalhousie, a farewell Quebec,
May 31.
General Lewis Grant to Dalhousie, expressing his opinion on Bahamas,
political and public matters in the West Indies. june'i'.'
Dalhousie to Harvey, enclosing note of forgiveness to be given to castieof
Cockburn. ££T'
Enclosure:—
Note for Cockburn written on the same sheet as the letter.
Barrie to Dalhousie, enclosing notes on matters he would like Montreal,
placed before the authorities in England relating to Marines for June4-
garrison duties at Naval Depots; steam engines required as asked for
in 1819; boats necessary for transport on Lakes Ontario, Erie and
Huron. The widening of an opening to admit naval ships into
Burlington Bay. The appointment of agents to purchase hemp.
Suggests that Government would benefit by building a bridge at
Kingston.
Sewell to Dalhousie, asking him to apply to His Majesty for the Quebec,
provision of pensions for Canadian Judges.
Ralph Gore, Return of Ordnance, small arms, etc., in Canada.      Quebec,
Uniacke to Dalhousie, is averse to giving way to intrigue directed June 5.
against himself, but would be sorry to stand in the way of any measure
for the benefit of the colony.
Coltman to Dalhousie, expressing his dissent from last report on Quebec,
affairs of late Receiver General. JuneS"
Matthew Bell to Dalhousie, thanking him for rank of Legislative Quebec,
Councillor and asking for place on Executive Council.
Sewell to Dalhousie, requesting appointment of Provincial Secretary for his son.
Peter Burnet to Dalhousie, discussing the new Land Company
and the difficulties in placing settlers on the land. The effects of the
Tea Trade Bill.
Harrison to Dalhousie, the claim against the Civil Government
for materials furnished by the Engineer Department is to be dropped.
Quebec, Hythe
May 28. '
Dalhousie
Castle,
July 23.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Maitland to Torrens, asks permission to lay before H.R.H. the
Commander-in-Chief correspondence between himself and Dalhousie-v
in the case of Captain Vavasour, R.E.
Excerpts from the Administration of Sir Francis Burton.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, reporting upon the state of Lower Canada.
Enclosure:—
Memo, of various subjects relating to Lower Canada to be submitted to H.M.'s Government.   The Roman Catholic Church and
the appointment of Vicars General.   A Bill has been proposed for. the
encouragement of education among the Catholic population.   A new
subdivision of the Province for the better arrangement of the local
magistracy and militia is necessary.   The imperfect state of surveys'^
of the province.   The importance of the district of Gaspe for settle-1
ments.   Stresses the necessity of a Colonial vessel for service in thel
St. Lawrence.   Roads in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia are most;
important and necessary to open the country for settlement. Refers
to the existing application of the law to lands granted under the tenure§
of Free and Common Soccage.
Dalhousie to Horton, introducing Cochran who will confer with I
him on the affairs of Caldwell, late Receiver General.
Murray to Dalhousie, recommending T. Harris, Royal Staff
Corps, who goes to Canada.
Enclosure:—
The Earl of Grennock to Murray, testifying to the character of1
Mr. T. Harris.
Oglander to Dalhousie, regarding appointments and promotions,!
in 26th Regiment.
Gordon to Dalhousie, giving details relating to issue of pay.
Enclosure:—
Palmerston to Dalhousie, requesting him to have Captain Hayf
and Ensign Maule refund pay they were not entitled to.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending Toussaint Pothier for the
seat in the Legislative Council refused by de Beaujeu.
Gordon to Dalhousie, account for shipping charges.
Gordon to Dalhousie, referring to pay issued to personal staff.
Dalhousie to Duke of Wellington, regarding the American claim
to Rouse's Point.
Enclosure:—
Sir Sidney Beckwith to Sir H. Taylor, referring to the boundary
question and American claim to Rouse's Point.
Cochran to Dalhousie, Horton having gone to the Hague for
some weeks, Mr. Stewart of Audit Office has been interviewed
instead, relative to provincial accounts in Lower Canada.
Cochran to Dalhousie, stating that Bathurst and Horton will be
out of town till October, delaying any conversation on the question of
provincial accounts.
Pierre Le Blanc, Foreman of the Grand Jury General Sessions,
to Dalhousie, presents representations on the roads and police; the
necessity for a vault for the Court House at Carlisle for the security REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1938
of the archives; and the need of a new Court House. Proposes a new     182
mode for licencing and vending of spirituous liquors.   Fisheries regu-
iSations required.   Indians suffering from lack of food.
James Crawford to Dalhousie, informing him that a Court of New ***■
•Jfireneral Sessions of the Peace has been held after a lapse of twenty Augurt9-
years.   The presence of H.M.S. Menai on the coast has a good effect
in maintaining order.
Dalhousie to Gordon, refusing to endorse Dr. Hacket's memorial Aberdeen
for the salary of Health Officer at Quebec. The Quarantine Laws August *
fequire revision.
Peter Burnet to Dalhousie, inquiries as to the purchase of land Steam B°
And the formation of the Canada Company. August a
Enclosure:—
The Canada Company's Prospectus.   Printed.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending a salary for a Secretary August sc
Royal to the Institution at Quebec.   Will lay the subject of the
Jesuits' Estates before him when in London.
VOLUME IX
Jehu Le Boutillier, Foreman of the Grand Jury at Perce, District *
of Gaspe, to Dalhousie, recommending the erection of gaols and a
Court House. The opening of roads necessary between settlements.
Believes the Laws are out of print and copies cannot be obtained;
that the suspension of the Court of Quarter Sessions for over 20 years
is the cause of crime. The advancement of the district would be
promoted if the Lieut. Governor could reside there. Deplores the
frauds practised in the fisheries. Expresses gratitude and esteem for
the upright and impartial administration of Government.
Hale to Dalhousie, is of opinion that the state of the colony, s
perhaps the preservation of it, requires some change and hopes some
more comprehensive union may be contemplated, so combined as to
avoid the continual collision of the Executive Government with the
popular body: an evil the mere union of the two Canadas is not
likely to cure.
Dalhousie to Cockburn, expressing disapproval of the formation jj
of the Canada Company, and of his being appointed to fix the price
of lands.
Dalhousie to Horton, would grant Burton an increase of salary.     \
Dalhousie to Cockburn, has made it a rule that civil and military i
fl&irs must be kept as distinct as possible; regrets he is unable to <
iiaetion the civil appointment Bathurst has offered in Lower Canada.'
Dalhousie to Fitzroy, considers Barrack Department Instruc-1
tions could be carried out in Canada with the exception of two distant a
posts.   Cannot say if Van Courtland is capable of acting as Inspector
of Ordnance Accounts.
Dalhousie to Harvey, does not approve of his holding civil and i
military appointments. s
Felix Stewart, Foreman, to the Court, recommending erection i
olCourt House and School House and amendments to Fishery Bill. 8 1824
Quebec,
September 22.
Dalhousie
Castle,
September 23.
Castle,
September 28.
Dalhousie
Castle,
October 1.
Guards,
October 6.
Dalhousie
Castle,
October 11.
Dalhousie
Castle,
October 19.
Dalhousie
Castle,
October 31.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
P. Maitland, assistant Military Secretary, to Sir John Johnson,
regarding the petition of the Indians of Caughnawaga against Doucet,
Indian Agent.
Enclosures:—
(1) Johnson to Maitland, extract from the letter referring to
complaint of the Caughnawaga Indians against Doucet, the agent.
(2) Darling to Maitland, referring to the complaints of the
Caughnawaga Indians.
(3) Darling to Maitland, observations on the Petition of the
Iroquois Indians at Caughnawaga.
Dalhousie to Gait, declining Vice-Presidency of projected Canada
Company.
R. Christie to Dalhousie, the Courts of Quarter Sessions in Gaspe,
express their gratitude for his interest in the district.
Dalhousie to Taylor, returns the claims made by Anderson to the
Officer Commanding in Canada.
Dalhousie to F. Grigg, declining to make recommendations not
required by his duty.
Memoirs of the Administration of the Government of Lower
Canada, by Lord Dalhousie, from June 1820 to September 1824.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, declining to sanction the appointmnet of
Cockburn and Harvey as Commissioners to fix the price of lands in
Upper Canada.
Taylor to Dalhousie, urging reconsideration of his decision not
to sanction the appointment of Cockburn and Harvey.
Dalhousie to Taylor, declining to reconsider his decision regarding Cockburn and Harvey.
Dalhousie to R. W. Horton, thinks the general union of the
Provinces impracticable, while that of the two Canadas is simple
and essential to their prosperity.
Darling to Dalhousie, informing him of the petition of the
Caughnawaga Indians and Sir J. Johnson's reprehensible tone towards
the Commander of the Forces.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, ready to obey orders but declines to
recommend appointment of Cockburn and Harvey as Civil Commissioners.
Christie to Dalhousie, conveying expressions of his interest in the
district from the Courts of Quarter Sessions in Gaspe, and reporting
that he has procured some excellent specimens of feldspar at Mingan.
J. Richardson to Dalhousie, asking for a commission for his
nephew, T. R. Auldjo. Gives details of the work done and inquiries
as to the further financing of the Lachine Canal.
Darling to Dalhousie, referring to the distress of Mrs. Fraser,
and the consternation caused by the proposed amendment to the
Union Bill.
P. Burnett to Dalhousie, explaining his request for a large land
grant, and his desire to settle it.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, requesting decision as to the validity of
titles given by the R. C. Bishop of Quebec to Vicars General. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending a Royal Institution for education of Roman Catholic youth.
Dalhousie to P. Burnett, cannot support his request for land as
he is opposed to all large grants of land for purpose of settlement.
Wishes H.M.'s Government to encourage settlement by accurate local
surveys, by roads, and by grants under obligation of immediate settlement to forfeiture in three years, and also subject to quit rent after
three years. Considers the plan of the Canada Company a wild
speculation.
Darling to Dalhousie, has sent the Gazette and the first number
of the Canadian Review. Two Indian Dictionaries brought by the
Chief Justice bring the number in hand to six. They are in manuscript. Loss of crops from severe frost in July. Suggests Major
Eliot as Inspecting Field Officer should such an appointment be
thought of for Canada. Supplies for the Indians have given out and
the Harlequin freighted with presents for them has been lost on Green
Island. The Indian Chiefs from Lorette take a petition to the King.
Work on the Grenville Canal suspended for the season.
P. Wright to Dalhousie, notifying him that the Surveyor General
has explored the Hull district; asking payment for the early survey
of Hull Township made by himself and enclosing a statement.
Enclosure:—
Account of the land settlement in Hull Township, by P. Wright
and Associates.
Gazette de Quebec. Clipping on the claims of the Huron Indians.
Four of the Chiefs have taken passage in the brig Indian to lay a
petition before His Majesty.
Dalhousie to Harvey, can see no good in his appointment as Civil
Commissioner to price land.
Dalhousie to Simpson, referring to his election. Will be in
London in February.
Dalhousie to Horton, referring to the nonpayment of salaries to r
officers of Civil Government in Lower Canada. E
Horton to Dalhousie, enclosing Bathurst's despatch to Burton, r
giving the opinion of H.M.'s Law Officers regarding the application j,
of the revenue of Lower Canada.
Enclosure:—
Bathurst to Burton, the Law Officers consider the duties having r
been imposed by Parliament at a time when it was competent to s
Parliament to impose them they cannot be repealed, or the appropriation of them in any degree varied except by the same authority.
James Winniett to Dalhousie, applying for appointment of In- q
specting Field Officer of Militia.
Dalhousie to Harvey, Bathurst is determined to send him out r
as Civil Commissioner despite his own continued disapproval of the r
appointment.   Has nothing further to say.
Cochran to Dalhousie, informing him that Horton says Canada L
Company scheme was never meant to be applied to Lower Canada, t
Treasury   Report    on    Caldwell's    affairs    considers    Government
should be directed to secure his property for the public.   Hears the
Provincial Parliament is to meet for the despatch of business early
in January and feels he (Cochran) should return.
66020—5
November 14.
November 20. 1824
Quebec,
Chambers,
December 6.
Dalhousie
Castle,
December
Dalhousie
Castle,
December 10
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dr. Henry Grassett to Dalhousie, asking for his patronage in
retirement.   Has eight children to maintain and educate.
Darling to Dalhousie, giving Grassett's case in detail. Douglas
driven from Jesuit Board. The 71st Regiment replaced the 37th at
Quebec.
Enclosure:—
A. G. Douglas to Darling, explaining his resignation.
Sewell, Chairman of the Legislative Council, to Lieut. Governor
Burton, recommending payment of contingent expenses of the legislative bodies.
Quebec Gazette, communication from a correspondent, "Martin,"
on the financial difficulties of Lower Canada.
Dalhousie to Cochran, considers no good would be gained by
Burton calling Parliament together until he has received decided
instructions from H.M.'s Government regarding finances, the Receiver
General's affairs and the union. Is dissatisfied in regard to the
measures taken for the sale of lands in the Upper Province.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, requesting his leave of absence be extended
to the following June.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to the uniform which superior
officers of colonial governments are to be permitted to wear.
Cochran to Dalhousie, informing him of his discussions with
Horton regarding the financial difficulty with Assembly. The decision
of Law Officers sent to Burton. The Union Bill practically dropped.
Has been asked to draw up a preliminary statement on the counter
claims of the Province and Treasury. Bathurst considering the new
Institution for educating Catholic youth in Canada. Emigration to
Gaspe to be encouraged. The importance of the unsettled question
of the application of the French Laws to free and common soccage
lands in Canada. Caldwell's property to be secured and brought
to sale in such way and at such time as the local government shall
find most suitable to public advantage. Refers to Bathurst's difficulties and good intentions, and recommends Dalhousie to return to
London at once.
Extract from the Quebec Mercury on financial difficulties between
the provinces, including the Report of the Joint Committee of the
Legislative Council and Assembly of Upper Canada.
The Gazette, a communication on the Report of the Joint Committee which appeared in the Quebec Mercury.
Durnford to Darling, recommending purchase of building lots
adjacent to the Citadel and forwarding a plan.
December 16.
December 18.
Dalhousie
Castle,
December
Enclosure:—
Plan of properties proposed to be purchased.
The Quebec Mercury, a reply by | Denis," to an article in the
Quebec Gazette by "Martin," outlining the difficulties which for
some time past have disturbed the body politic.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, considers it desirable to separate the
Catholic See of Quebec from that of the Upper Province. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1988
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to his former letters on the
Catholic School question, and the importance of the Government \
showing its authority. i
J. Caldwell, Foreman of the Grand Jury, to the Court, recom- *
mending the use of caplin as manure.   The reformation of the militia. 1
The erection of a place of security for the public records, and that
the highways and bridges be kept up.
George Taylor to Dalhousie, stating that he has enlisted the aid c
of the Law Clerk of the House of Assembly to frame a reply to *
"Martin's" article in the Quebec Gazette.   Suggests the formation of
Veteran Companies for Garrison duties, enclosing memo, of his ideas
on the subject.
Enclosure:—
Memo, on the proposed formation of Veteran Companies for
Garrison duties.
P. Turguand to the Treasury, annual account from December c
1823 to December 1824. x
Dalhousie to Horton, approving the choice of Ward Chipman to *
be an Arbitrator in the Canadas under Act 3rd, George 4th, C. 119.     T
The Quebec Gazette. A communication from " Martin," relative i
to the Colonial Executive.
H. C. Darling. A return of the Establishment of the Military €
Secretary's Department in Canada from 25 December, 1823, tor
24 December, 1824.
Dalhousie to James Buchanan, acknowledging pamphlet on educa- r
tion, and new system for the protection of the Indian tribes. £
The Quebec Mercury, communication on | M 's " remarks in k
the Gazette of the 16th.
Judge Halliburton.   Observations upon the policy of relaxing the k
restrictions now imposed upon the commerce of the North American
Colonies.
W. B. Coltman, notes on the system of inspection of Public *
Accounts, with communications on the subject, including Royal Instructions relative to the public accounts of Lower Canada, and the
audit thereof by the Executive Council aided by the Inspector General
of Public Accounts. The modification of this system under Sir John
Sherbrooke. The enquiry of the Assembly as to the duties and
responsibilities of the Board of Audit.
Proposed Establishment of Barrack Department in Canada,     n
H. C. Darling.   Establishment for the Commissaries of Transport, n
Establishment cf the Indian Department for Upper and Lower n
Canada for the year 1824.
Dalhousie.    Notes on a book by Joseph Lowe, on the present n
state of England in regard to agriculture, trade, and finance with a
comparison of the prospects of England and France, and on a pamphlet,
by David Anderson, on the Resources of Canada, 1814.
Literary and Historical Society of Quebec. Address to the n
public with an invitation to join.
Dalhousie.   Review of domestic affairs,   The question of union, n>
and necessity of Registry Offices.   The Quebec Literary and Historical
Society and an anecdote of the two Sandie Gordons.
06020—5J PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Tralu
Barracks,
January 18.
Tralu
Barracks,
January 18.
The Quebec Gazette. Copy of an article by " Martin " on the
financial difficulties of Lower Canada.
Dalhousie to Horton, regarding the petition of John E. Greece
for compensation in connection with Grenville Canal.
Cochran to Dalhousie, advising him of the result of his discussion
of the settlement of Gaspe with Horton. Bathurst wishes to make
local Government more independent of Assembly by placing at its
disposal the Revenue of Customs which has been hitherto remitted to
England and added to the consolidated fund of Great Britain.
Darling to Dalhousie, disclosing his suspicions of Burton's d
Oglander to Dalhousie, referring to regimental matters.
Oglander to Dalhousie, regarding the  application of
Coldstream for pension, and asking his support.
Cochran to Wilmot, regarding the revenue and expenditure of
Lower Canada with statements and remarks thereon.
E. W. Durnford, Lieut. Colonel, R. E. A memo, showing the supposed value of the ground near the Citadel required for Government,,
with the proprietors' names.
Turquand to Dalhousie, enclosing his annual account current,
and referring especially to Uniacke and his voting for Papineau.
Enclosure:—
P. Turquand.
Statements of the Provincial accounts.
Governmen
Montreal,
February 1.
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. Speech opening the
k session referring to prosperous state of the finances, accounts, trade,
fisheries, roads, militia, and education in the province.
Lieut. Colonel McGregor to Dalhousie, Burton continues popular
with the Assembly.   The police much improved under Mr. Gale.
Enclosure:—
Extract from the Montreal Herald expatiating on Dalhousie's
merits.
Dalhousie to Palmerston, forwarding a Memorial from certain
Militia officers.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to the allowance of £400 a year
for a house for the Bishop of Quebec.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, considers request of the Judges in Canada
in regard to the independence of their commissions concur with the
feelings of the people at large. Recommends provision for their
retirement after a certain period of service.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending the settlement of Gaspe
on similar lines to Militia townships between Kingston and the
Ottawa River.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending the construction of a road
from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to the St. Lawrence by the
shore of the Gulf.
Dalhousie to Horton, asking for decision in affairs of Receiver
General.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, enclosing petition from congregation of
the Church of England in Montreal for aid to complete the building.
J REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988 e
Dalhousie to Bathurst, regarding the  difficulties  of financial     1825
administration in Lower Canada, requesting such authority as may February 15.
bear him out in the very serious responsibility falling on him.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, transmitting letter from Collector and February is.
Comptroller of the Customs at Quebec respecting percentage allowed
in collection of Provincial Revenue.   No enclosure.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending change in administration February is.
of Jesuits' Estates.
Dalhousie to Horton, regarding the issue of arms and ammunition February 17.
from ordnance at Montreal and asking approval for giving this encouragement to the Militia.
James Black to J. C. Scott, seeking appointment as Commissary Quebec,
Of  Transports. February 19.
Dalhousie  to   Palmerston,  referring  to  the  pay   of   his  two London,
A.D.C.'s while he is on leave. " February20.
Darling to Dalhousie, recommending Taschereau as Commissary February 21.
of Transports.
Darling to Dalhousie, informing him of the Census Bill.   Sir Quebec,
James Mcintosh nominated Provincial Agent. February 26.
Crawford to  Dalhousie,  regarding  affairs  in Gaspe,  and the Quebec,   •
necessity for the erection of Court Houses and Gaols. February 28.
The Montreal Herald, extract referring to the first Speech of March 2-
Sir Howard Douglas in New Brunswick and his recommending inland
communication with Lower  Canada.   Education in Newfoundland
referred to in another article.   A society was formed through, the
exertions of Samuel Codner for the purpose of establishing schools.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, approving the issue of arms to Militia Marchs.
in the Montreal district, and authorizing payment from the Military
Chest.
Dalhousie to Burton, objecting to his retaining £1,000 of his Coaistoun,
(Dalhousie's) salary. ' March7-
Bathurst to Dalhousie, approving expense of vessel to facilitate March 10.
communication with Gaspe.
J. J. Garden to Dalhousie, introducing and recommending Mr. March 10.
Martin, a surgeon, now residing at Sherbrooke on the St. Francis
River, who seeks employment under the Government.
Darling to Dalhousie, the Commissioners arrived at New York Quebec,
on the 26th February and proceeded to Upper Canada.    Encloses March n-
extracts from  Fisher's   and  Neilson's  papers.    Cuvilliers' financial
misstatement.   Burton still withholding Governor's salary.
Cochran to Dalhousie, regarding the Bill about to be introduced London,
into Parliament for facilitating the conversion of the SeigniorialMarchH-
tenures. Clauses are to be added to it declaring soccage lands to be
governed by English law; for re-annexing parts of Labrador to
Lower Canada, and for authorising. the surrender of the Clergy
Reserves in Sherrington. Mr. Scott petitions for a mill site near La
Prairie. The Quebec Legislature has many useful measures m progress for facilitating escheat of Crown Lands and the re-union of unsettled Seigniorial lands to the Domaine, and for compelling Seigniors
to grant their lands at the ancient low rates, and for protecting Crown
timber. Thomas Young respecting the trial of the impeachment
against Judge Foucher.   Regrets Mr. Dunn's death. 1825
Downing
Street,
March 17.
No date.
March 25.
Dalhousie
Castle,
March 25.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Bathurst to Dalhousie, Archbishop of Canterbury finds nothing
in the joint letter of Dalhousie and Kempt to alter his opinion respecting the union of Colleges in Nova Scotia.
John Simpson to Dalhousie, describing the recent proceedings in
the Assembly and Cuvillier's attempt to deceive the House.
Enclosures:—
(1) Extract from a Quebec paper on Cuvillier's motion to discontinue the salary of the Governor-in-Chief during his absence.
(2) Extract from Montreal Herald on the Governor.
(3) Memo, of expenses of Civil Government, Lower Canada,
1825.
(4) Receiver General's Memorandum of expenses of the Civil
Government of Lower Canada for 1825.
(5) Statement of cash paid into the hands of John Hale,
Receiver-General of Lower Canada, since 10th October, 1824.
Printed.
Memo, on the financial difficulties of Lower Canada.
Protest in Legislative Council on Supply Bill for 1825, signed
by John Richardson and C. W. Grant.
Cochran to Dalhousie, suggesting insertion in the Seigniorial
Tenures Bill of three subjects, the resumption of the unsettled lands
by escheat and the new subdivision of the revenue. The better
representation of the townships south of the St. Lawrence in the Provincial Assembly.
Cowper to Dalhousie, Nova Scotia Legislature having withdrawn
their guarantee against forgery, the Deputy Commissary General
has declined to receive their paper and has sailed for New York to
obtain specie to meet the demand of the service. Merchants desire a
chartered bank.
Darling to Dalhousie, discussing motives in last session and referring to Receiver General.
Enclosure:—
Extract from the Quebec Mercury, on the closing of Parliament.
H. Torrens, Adjutant General, relating to the new Infantry
Establishments.
Cochran to Dalhousie, stating that it is necessary to solve which
part of Labrador is to belong to Lower Canada and which to Newfoundland, on account of the Act to be brought in and the necessity
of making out a Commission for the Governor of Newfoundland.
Burton's claim for £1,000 of the Governor's salary untenable in view
of Governor-in-Chief's Instructions.
Dalhousie to Horton, recommending three additions to the Bill
for facilitating the change from seigniorial tenure to that of free and
common soccage in the lands of Canada. Power to resume by a
Court of Escheat old grants and neglected locations. Proposes a
new subdivision of the Province and better representation of the
Eastern Townships in the Legislature.
Cochran to Dalhousie, Bathurst willing to introduce anything
relating to Canada into the forthcoming Bill, except taxation, but will
require a public despatch giving reasons for each measure proposed.
Quoting singular instance of forgetfulness at Colonial Office. The
principal Revenue Act of 14th, George 3, is repealed in Huskisson's REPORT FOR   THE   YEAR  1938
General Repealing Act, as well as every British Act laying taxes at 1825
Quebec. It is important to learn what duties he proposes to re-enact
in his General Consolidation Act and whether left disposable by the
Crown or Legislature. Placing them at disposal of Crown would, in
an Act passed now, be a violation of the pledge given in 1778. Observations in amplification of the recommendations in Dalhousie's
desptach to Horton of 25 March.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, with reference to measures connected with Dalhousie
Bill about to be introduced into Parliament for conversion of tenure °a^Iej
in Lower  Canada.    Observations  shewing  expediency  of  inserting   P    '
them in this Bill, and the propriety of Parliamentary interference to
effect them.
Darling to Dalhousie, referring to the rate of exchange for military April e.
men abroad.   Speaks of the state of church affairs at Halifax.
Extract from the Canadian Spectator, discussing the past Session. April 6.
Lieut. Col. M. McGregor to Dalhousie, informing him that the Montreal,
Parliament of Upper Canada has refused a loan of £70,000 to build a April 7-
canal from Lake Ontario to the Rideau River.
Cochran to Dalhousie, suggesting Bathurst's attention be drawn London,
to the importance and necessity of shaping the re-enactment of all April 8.
the duties in such a way as to leave the Crown in full possession of
the power to apply and distribute the duties imposed.
Richardson to Dalhousie, referring to his nephew.    Refers to Montreal,
the late Session in respect to supplies.   An Act passed for borrowing April 9.
a further sum to complete the Lachine Canal.
Camden to the Editor of The Colonial Advocate, on the question York,
of aliens and their title to land in Canada.   The naturalization of April n.
settlers.   Asks for the printing and distribution of one thousand copies
of the British Act of 30th George III, on this subject.
The York Gazette.    The Lieut. Governor's Speech proroguing York,
the Parliament of Upper Canada.    Referring to the regulation of ^prii 13.
intercourse with the United States.   The Welland Canal Company.
Regrets Government not being afforded means to carry on the public
service.
I Senex " to the Editor of the Montreal Herald, on the political York,
situation and financial difficulties. April is.
John C. Scott to Dalhousie, recommending James Black for an 35 George
appointment. A^Tii
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding his obtaining a copy of the History London,
of the Coronation and the medal. April u.
Enclosure:—
George Naylor to Gordon, informing him the Coronation medal
was presented to the Peers who were present only.
Lieut. Colonel E. Cowper to Dalhousie, passing on the advise
of an anonymous friend to change his advisers. Refers to local church
squabbles.   The new rate of exchange.
Cochran to Dalhousie, informing him that there is no danger now
of the repeal of alteration of the Bill relating to settlers in Canada.
Mr. Hume, Solicitor of the Customs, is drawing up all the bills Mr.
Huskisson is about to introduce and on the matter being explained
to him, gave assurance those regarding Canada should certainly not
be included in the Repealing Act. Refers to affairs in Quebec, and
the question of E. Hale being appointed to the Executive Council.
College
April 13.
Halifax,
April 15.
12 Bury St.,
St. James,
April IS. Dalhousie
Castle,
April 17.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
The Assembly's demand for instructions to Governor for a permanent |
Civil List.   Sir Thomas Lawrence is painting a portrait of the King
for him.    James Stuart elected for Sorel.    The Assembly is again
addressing the Throne to get the Jesuits Estates assigned to purposes!
of education.
Dalhousie to Darling, refusing him leave on account of the
absence of both Adjutant and Quartermaster General and the neces-*
sity of his presence to discuss Indian Affairs.
" Senex " to the Editor of the Quebec Gazette, observations on
recent proceedings of Parliament, especially the exceptions in salaries
voted.
Hale to Dalhousie, seeking confirmation of his appointment as
Receiver General.
Hale to Darling, enclosing letter for Dalhousie. Opinions differ
as to the result of the last political campaign; Assembly does not;
think they paid too much for the privilege of discussing the merits of ■
every officer of the King's Government from the Governor-in-Chief
downwards.
Darling to Dalhousie, referring to Burton keeping back his
salary. Encloses extract of Montreal paper, with a letter by " Senex,"
whom he supposes to be John Richardson. The Assembly of Upper
Canada have cut down their Civil List so they have separated without any appropriation.
Cochran to Dalhousie, Wilmot Horton conceives it desirable to
have an accurate survey of the granted and ungranted lands in the
Lower Province performed by Engineer officers. Copies of the Land
Reports of the Committee of the Assembly and that in 1824 upon
Education and Jesuits Estates are being asked for by Mr. Bright,
opposition member for Bristol.
Burton to Dalhousie, declining to give up his claim to part of
the Governor's salary. Has appointed Thompson coroner, and
Taschereau sole magistrate.
List of clothing for 70th Regiment shipped on the Skipsey.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, seeking His Majesty's patronage for the
Literary and Historical Society of Quebec.
Lord Reay to Dalhousie, introducing Mr. Ross.
13 St. Jami
Square,
May 24.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending a survey of the settled
lands in Lower Canada be made by Royal Engineer officers.
Lord Liverpool. Extracts from his Speech on the Catholic
question.
Lord Blythswood to Dalhousie, introducing Lieut. Wilson Nelson
Hutchinson, 76th Regiment.
W. Brabazon Barton to Dalhousie, seeking an Ensigncy in any
Regiment.
J. Woohiche to Dalhousie, mentioning Lieut. Hutchinson, 76th
Regiment, now serving in Canada.
Darling to Dalhousie, enclosing £1500. Ordnance Commissioners
are on their way from Montreal. Sir Peregrine Maitland expected
on the 27th.
Bathurst to Dalhousie, recommending a grant of 2000 acres of
land to Captain Ogden, son of Judge Ogden of Canada. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR  1938
Hay to Dalhousie, enclosing a letter from T. D. Arland asking
an introduction for Ensign Henry Hoare, 76th Regiment. 2C
Enclosure:—
T. D. Arland to Hay, asking for an introduction to Dalhousie for J
a cousin, Ensign Henry Hoare. *
Dalhousie, memo, on the objections to the Canada Corn Bill on j
debate in the Imperial Parliament.
Dalhousie.   Notes and observations taken on a tour to Kingston, i
Paget. Thoughts on the present condition and future destiny of *
the Canadas. J
Darling to Dalhousie, informing him that the Irish settlers *
destined for Prescott have brought small pox " and other recom- J
mendations " with them.
Dalhousie to Dr. Mearns, referring to aid to Presbyterian Ministers in Canada. The Church of England and Catholic Bishops are
paid from Extraordinaries of the Army.
Lieut. Colonel M. McGregor to Dalhousie, regarding the formation of the Lower Canada Land Company.
Kempt to Dalhousie, referring to the opposition of the Archbishop of Canterbury to the union of King's and Dalhousie Universities. The Crown has given a grant to the Duke of York of all
monies and minerals in Nova Scotia with the exception of the Pictou
and Sydney coal mines. The General Assembly in its last Session
passed an Act to incorporate a Joint Stock Company to work iron
mines in the County of Annapolis which will be disallowed in
Parliament.
Gordon to Dalhousie, memo, of personal accounts.
Dalhousie to Sir H. Taylor, requesting H.R.H.'s sanction to his
retaining Major General Darling as his military secretary.
Gordon to Dalhousie, sends receipts for the pay of his servant,
Jardine.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to filling the vacancies in the
Executive and Legislative Councils. Is enquiring into the St. Sulpice
Estates.
John D. McConnell to Percival, giving a description of Gaspe,
its villages and the fisheries.
Gordon to Dalhousie, informing him of the despatch of several
boxes by the Ottawa.
The Earl of Glasgow to Dalhousie, recommending Alex. Robertson
of Ancaster, U.C, for a Commission.
Cochran to Dalhousie, enclosing copy of letter to Gordon on
finding that the two despatches referred to by Bathurst had not been
entered in the Civil Secretary's office by his predecessor, and that
some use was likely to be made of this omission.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie
Castle,
June 22.
London,
July 9.
Dalhousie
Castle,
July 10.
London,
July 11.
Gordon to Dalhousie, giving particulai
the Ottawa. 1825
September |
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding promotion for his son Ramsay, I
and his own retention of the Agency while the 26th Regiment is in I
Ireland.
Halliburton to Dalhousie, is informed that the acts regarding
commerce do not completely redeem Mr. Huskisson's pledge to place
the Colonies precisely on the footing of Ireland in everything_ relative
to trade. Opinions differ upon the practicability of establishing a
regular communication across the Atlantic by steam vessels.
H. W. Ryland to Dalhousie, proposing remuneration for Hale
if he takes the position of Procurator superintending the completion ?
of the Papier Terrier of the Seigniory of Batiscan.
Dalhousie to Ryland, declining Mr. Hale's assistance; will await
return of the other members to remodel the administration of the I
Jesuits Estates.
David Chisholm, Editor of the Canadian Review and Montreal
Herald, to Dalhousie, seeking Government employment and enclosing
recommendation from John Richardson, Roderick Mackenzie and
Henry Mackenzie.
Dalhousie to Harrison, the issue of silver and copper money for
army pay will start on 25th October, and a Board has been convened
for the purpose of revising rates of allowances.
Dalhousie to Harrison, regarding arrangements entered into by
the Agents of the East India Company for tea sent to Canada, and
that the rate of exchange for French crowns of 6 francs each will be 4/9.
Percival to Dalhousie, forwarding McConnell's original communication.
Peter Russell to his brother George Frederick, referring to the
manufactures and trade of Upper Canada.
The Albany Daily Advertiser. Addresses at Masonic Installation
at Albany.
Dalhousie to Maclean, referring to Burton's behaviour. The
financial bills he sent home have been disapproved and a despatch in
strong terms instructs all future Governors here to pass no such bills
hereafter. The difficulty is to induce the Lords and Commons to agree
on a form of Money Bill, not touching the King's permanent revenue.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to Burton's leave and amount of
salary overdrawn by him during the last year.
Dalhousie to Lieut. Colonel Drinkwater, Bathurst most distinctly
approved of the course pursued and gave most explicit orders to continue as he had begun. The shipping has increased to 700 sail. Burton
going home on leave and may never return.
John Simpson to Dalhousie, introducing Mr. Bellefeuille.
Enclosure:—
Bellefeuille to Simpson, identifying himself with the Government
policy and asking for letter of presentation to Dalhousie.
James George to Dalhousie, seeking employment. Has travelled
over 2000 miles and made an accurate survey of the St. Lawrence
River from Prescott to Montreal.
Kempt to Dalhousie, expressing pleasure at his return. The
Engineer _ Commission had passed through the province and made
an examination of the barracks and harbour defences. Mentions
the great improvement to the Windsor road. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
address on his return
Inhabitants of Montreal to Dalhousie,
from England, and the reply.
Christie to Cochran, regarding his appointment to manage the Quebec,
Jesuits Estates. O8***
Kempt to Dalhousie, informing him of the calamity at Miramichi October
with a copy of Douglas's speech to the inhabitants of that place.
Enclosure:—
A speech delivered by Sir Howard Douglas to the inhabitants of October
Miramichi on his visit to that place in consequence of the late
disastrous fire.    (Printed).
Kempt to Dalhousie, recommending the appointment of a Deputy Halifax,
Assistant Quarter-Master General for New Brunswick. October
Enclosure:—
Kempt to Douglas, approving the appointment of a Deputy Halifax,
Assistant Quarter-Master General for New Brunswick. septemb
Richardson to Dalhousie, referring to the misapprehension in the Montrea
House of Peers to the import into England of wheat from Canada, Novemb
which threatened on the one hand the loss of the whole wheat trade
of the Upper Province by a transference of it to the United States,
and on the other refused a British market for our wheat. Some Peers,
ignorant of the locality, apprehend that all the wheat of the United
States will come through Canada.   Gives statements of wheat exports.
Dalhousie to Harrison, recommending travelling allowances for Quebec,
officers at 10 per cent per diem. Novemb
Dalhousie to Bathurst, asking for John Hale's Commission as Quebec,
Receiver General, as without it he cannot call for his securities to Novemb
the Province or the Treasury nor authorize measures for the safe
keeping of the Public Chest.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending that the audit of public Quebec,
accounts by an Inspector General and an Auditor General should Novemb
be sufficient.
Dalhousie to Earl of Limerick, recommending admission of Quebec,
Canadian wheat into the British market. Novemb
Dalhousie to Bathurst, proposing a Military Post at St. Mary's Quebec,
as necessary to keep in touch with Indian allies.   The American Novemb
military establishments at Green Bay and at Michilimackinac are
designed to separate the Indians from the British Military Posts.
Simon McGillivray applies for sum due the Hudson's Bay Company.
Dalhousie to Horton, reporting unfavorably on the Irish emigrants Quebec,
and suggesting in future they be sent to Gaspe, but only after due Novem
notice to allow of preparations being made to receive them.
Dalhousie to Gordon, referring to his personal accounts and regi- &"^
mental matters. ovem
Lord Armuthnot to Dalhousie, asking him to assist Rev. Harry AAuthn.
Leith of Cornwall, Upper Canada. No^embf
J. Ferguson Winter to Taschereau, reporting on the boundaries, Q^^
divisions, interests, present and  future  of the District of  Gaspe.
(French). PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Kempt to Bathurst, acknowledging instructions to call upon
Provincial Legislature to make provision for certain parts of those
permanent and necessary expenses of the Civil Government which
have hitherto been charged upon the Revenues of the Mother Country.
Considers the present time unfavourable as next session is the last of
the present Assembly and the beneficial results hoped for from the
Acts removing the commercial restrictions have not yet been experienced.
Kempt to Horton, explaining that the Province is unable to defray
the expense of Civil Government without giving up plans for improvement. Application more likely to be acceded to when a new House
is convened and after the Acts which remove the restrictions on trade
have been fairly in operation and their good effects experienced. Is
convinced that if the King's officers of the North American Colonies
are to be dependent for their support in any way whatever upon the
local legislatures, the Department at home will have ten times the
trouble with them than they now have.
Enclosures:—
Observations on the Revenue of Nova Scotia.
Observations on the Policy of Colonies paying for Civil Establishments.
Gordon to Dalhousie, regarding the .payment of £650 for
passages to Canada for himself and his suite on H.M.S. Herald.
John Howe to Dalhousie, informing him that the post communication from Halifax to Nepasaguet at the Baye de Chaleur can be
made in five days. Is satisfied it is impossible to accelerate mail by
the present route from Fredericton to Quebec.
Kempt to Dalhousie, requesting assistance in promoting steam
navigation between Quebec and Halifax.
Dalhousie to Horton, reporting an accident to the Catholic
Bishop. Considers him the source of almost all the political violence
in the Legislature, should be guarded against in his successor.
Jean Thomas Taschereau in an address to the public, informing
them that grants of land in the Township of Cranbourne, Lower
Canada, are open for settlement in free and common soccage.
Enumerating the requirements of settlers.
J. Ewing to Cowper, seeking aid for Mortimer Ewing, a young
relative, whose object is to settle on a grant of land in Upper Canada.
Estimate of Expenses of Civil Government of Lower Canada,
1824-25.
Cochran to Dalhousie, giving his observations on the duties of
the office of Clerk of the Executive Council.
An address from the Committee of Distribution for the relief
k- of the sufferers by fire at Miramichi, New Brunswick, to Dalhousie,
thanking him for aid.
Dalhousie to Horton, announcing the death of the Catholic
Bishop, Monseigneur Plessis, and requesting that a successor should
not be appointed until he can submit papers now in preparation.
Upper Canada Gazette, an extract on the system of land granting
adopted in Upper Canada.   Summary of the regulations.
Kempt to Dalhousie, asking his assistance in obtaining a
Professor of Mathematics and Chemistry for Dalhousie College. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938 T,
Dalhousie to Maclean, informing him of the Catholic Bishop's     1825
death. Quebec,
December 15.
Kempt to Dalhousie, referring to a pamphlet Halliburton has Halifax,
published on the importance of the North American Colonies to Great December 16-
Britain.
Dalhousie   to   Harrison,   regarding   travelling
Engineer officers.
Enclosure:— 1819
Colonel E. W. Durnford to Major Bowles, stating the rate of Quebec,
pay for travelling allowances to Engineer officers. September 30.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, regarding the appointment of a successor 1825
to Monseigneur J. 0. Plessis, Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec. The Quebec,
Province is generally Catholic, the people religious and therefore December'19-
anxiously desirous that their religion may be confirmed and secured
to them under the protection of His Majesty. Proposes Monseigneur
Panet to succeed Plessis. The question of reconciling the difficulties
which exist appears to rest on such arrangements H.M.'s Government
may make with the Pope in order to satisfy conscientiously the head
of the Catholic Church in Canada, and at the same time to secure
to the Crown its undoubted right of investing him with a legal
temporal character. The Bishop should not have a seat in the
Legislative Council because his influence over the minds of his flock
is so great as to destroy the freedom of debate and conduct essential
in the constitution of Parliament. If the Priests were inducted to
their cures by an instrument under the hand and seal of the Governor, and not dependent on the good pleasure of the Bishop to
remove them, the case would be altered.
Dalhousie to Horton, recommending an order from His Majesty Quebec,
in Council to the Governor to provide for the collation of the December 19.
parochial Roman Catholic Clergy by the Crown. Bathurst's despatch,
5th June, 1817, states that at the conquest of Canada the enjoyment of
the Religion of the Romish Church was granted only in so far as
consistent with the laws of England and could not be granted beyond
that, and the Law Officers of the Crown in England in 1811 gave a
clear and decided opinion as to the power of the Crown and its right
of patronage of Roman Catholic benefices.
Judge Brenton Halliburton to Dalhousie, enclosing a pamphlet he Halifax,
has written suggesting the expediency of uniting Nova Scotia, New December a.
Brunswick and Prince Edward Island under one government.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, enclosing estimate of the presents re- Quebec,
quired for the Indian Department for 1826. December 21.
Lord Blythswood to Dalhousie, recommending Ensign Fulton, Biythswood,
79th  Regiment. December 23.
Dalhousie, memo, on the importation of Canadian wheat into Nodate.
the British market.
Dalhousie, memo, regarding Mr. Richardson and "The Holy Nodate.
Alliance."
Edward  Roberts  to  Dalhousie,  seeking  a  grant  of  land   at No date.
Granby, Quebec.
Captain W. F. W. Owen to Douglas, part of a letter recommending Nodate.
to his notice Lieut. Smith who furnished observations and plans of
a survey. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Sir James Carmichael Smyth, R. E., reflections upon the value
of the British West Indian Colonies and the British North American
Provinces. The question of the Colonies is bound up with that of the
shipping and commerce to which they have given birth.
VOLUME XI
Montreal Gazette. A criticism of the Colonial Act relating to
the restrictions in trade.
Dalhousie to Harrison, regarding the rate of exchange.
Enclosure:—
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to General Order No. 4 on
allowances at rate 4/4, with a table showing rates of pay.
The speech of the Lieut. Governor of New Brunswick to the
Council and Assembly, opening the Session. Referring to disastrous
fires, especially that at Miramichi. The prompt and liberal aid from
the sister provinces show the union of sentiment throughout British
North America. Refers to Treasury accounts, the removal of restrictions on colonial trade, ship building, fisheries and agriculture,
roads, education, militia, and savings banks. Proposes connecting
Bay of Fundy and Gulf of St. Lawrence by a navigable canal. To
attract labour and capital to the soil it is vital to acquire and
circulate a knowledge of the various capacities of the country and
provide funds for surveying, laying out and opening roads to young
settlements.
Dalhousie to Douglas, considers that much is yet required
before these Provinces can be equal to meeting their own expenses.
The boundary line, especially on high branches of the St. John River,
should be carefully guarded to prevent American surveyors overstepping it. Refers to the roads along the Gulf shore, and the meeting
of the Quebec Legislature.
J. Bouchette, prospectus for the publication of a Topographical
Atlas of the Province of Lower Canada, exhibiting by counties the
recent divisions and subdivisions.
Dalhousie to the Legislative Council and Assembly, speech
opening the Session. Calling attention to Trade Acts of Imperial ;
Parliament; the want of Register Offices and a more accurate subdivision of the province. Referring to education and charitable
institutions. Asking for special consideration of a better system for
the care of the insane.
Legislative Council to Dalhousie, reply from the House of
Assembly.
Dalhousie to Maclean, forwards his speech opening Parliament,
and referring to the political situation. The Revenue increased and
the Registrar General has acknowledged his debt to the Province.
Ship building and Trade Acts prohibit nearly all imports from
the States and therefore starve the shipping. The idleness and
ignorance of Bathurst's office hampers all public business to a degree
almost incredible.
Bouchette to Dalhousie, presenting a prospectus of his proposed
publication of a Topographical Atlas of the Province by counties. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1938
Sir Peregrine Maitland, Lieut. Governor of Upper Canada to the 1826
Legislative Council and Assembly, his speech closing the Session. J^U"H"
Refers to works of public improvement. Approves the circulation of """"^ '
British silver coinage.   Stresses the necessity of mutual co-operation.
Dalhousie to Halliburton, thanking him for his pamphlet, and Quebec,
deplores the ignorance at home in regard to the American colonies. Januaiy31'
Referring to the naval power of the United States, and their relation
to the bordering provinces. Considers the union of Provinces necessary as the Canadas must be one; shut out from the world half of the
year their affairs become peculiarly their own. All the others are
accessible in winter and should be steered by one helm.
Dalhousie to Kempt, agrees with the ideas expressed in Halli- Quebec,
burton's  pamphlet. February i.
Dalhousie to Dr. Fisher, censuring him for using money com- Castieof
mitted to his care. mteSS't
Hon. Charles F. Aylwin to Sewell, confiding to the care of the Quebec,
Quebec Historical Society the original proceedings of the Committee February 7.
of Merchants of Quebec from 23rd April, 1787 to 24 December, 1791.
Kempt to Dalhousie, asking his opinion on Bathurst's instruction Halifax,
that he propose to the Legislature during the present session that February 8-
the Colony pay the expenses of Civil Government.
The Committee of H.M's Council to Kempt, give their support Halifax,
on the regulations adopted in Upper Canada  for granting lands. February "•
Considers it is entirely inapplicable to present state of Nova Scotia.
Upper Canada is entirely an agricultural state, while Nova Scotia
is mainly  commercial.
Joseph Cary, Acting Auditor of Accounts.    Estimate of Civil Quebec,
Expenditure of Lower Canada for 1826. e mary  j
Dalhousie to Fisher,  censuring  him  for  using  public  money Quebec,
1        j    •       i_-      i        j ^   February 17.
placed m his hands.
Dalhousie  to    Fisher,   returning  Desbarat's  letter.   Considers Q^bec>
that Kemble has deceived him in his transactions as printer. ' h"    2'■'■
Dalhousie   to   Vallieres,   wishes   to   explain
Bathurst on the estimates to him.
Dalhousie  to  Papineau,  wishes  to  explain
Bathurst on the estimates.
despatch   from Castle of
St. Louis,
February 21.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, giving details  of articles issued  from Quebec,
the King's Magazine, Quebec, in aid of sufferers from the Mira- February 22.
michi fire, and requesting approval from the Treasury.
Bathurst  to   Dalhousie,   informing  him  that  the   repairs   to Downing
Government House at Sorel not chargeable to Ordnance. Febmary28.
Enclosure:—
R.  Byham to  Horton, stating  that  repairs  to  the  buildings office of
occupied   by   the   Governor   cannot   be   made   by   the   Ordnance januaryl's.
Department.
M. Bell to Cochran, acknowledging Report of Commissioners Q^jc£
of the Jesuits Estates. Explains that for those situated in the
District of Three Rivers the revenue could be increased by fixing
an average for five years. Proposes to make Papier Terrier for the
Seigniory of Cap de la Madeleine at own expense. The change of
tenure contemplated by the late act of the Imperial Parliament must
be an act of mutual consent. 1826
Quebec,
March 2.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Dalhousie to Kempt, considers the commands issued by Bathurst peremptory and unreasonable. In Nova Scotia quit rents might
be made available as one source of revenue of the Crown.
Alexander Saunderson to Dalhousie, introducing Joseph Hughes.
Dalhousie to the Assembly, laying before the House copies of
Bathurst's despatches to Burton of 28th November, 1824, and 4th
June, 1825.
A newspaper reference to the Provincial Legislature relating to
Bathurst's despatches and the attitude of Dalhousie and the Assembly.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, has hired the Brig Saguenay for £1,500
per annum to facilitate communication with Gaspe. Has been paid
for from the Military Chest and is at the disposal of Commander of
the Forces.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending a grant for salaries to
Ministers of the Presbyterian Church.
Montreal Gazette. Censuring the Canadian Spectator for unjust attacks on Dalhousie.
Dalhousie to the Council and Assembly, expressing disappointment at the result of their labours. The differences so long subsisting between the Legislative bodies on financial matters instead of
being amicably settled were only clothed in a new form and maintained. Must adhere to orders and continue to adopt the forms of
accounts and estimates laid before them this session, shewing one
branch of the revenue for their information and the other branch for
appropriation. Under the circumstances those grants of money
especially recommended by His Majesty's commands and those relating
to schools and charities are accepted. As the aid required in support
of the Civil Government and the administration of justice has not
been granted in a way in which it could be passed into a law all other
Bills of appropriation are reserved for signification of His Majesty's
pleasure.
Suggestions regarding the permanent revenue of the Crown and
expenditure thereunder.
Quebec Mercury, relating to the financial difficulties of the Legislature and defending the attitude of the Crown; drawing attention to
the example and experience of Parliament in England.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, reporting present situation. Evident
the Bill of Supply for 1825 was passed under misconception. The
despatch of 4th June was shown privately to the Speaker and leading
members with a view to influencing their deliberations in the House,
but as this had no effect it was laid before the House. The resultant
resolutions and address to His Majesty will be transmitted. The
deadlock remains.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, letters from Burton to Papineau and a
junior clerk in the Civil Secretary's office counteracted the effects
expected to have been produced by the despatch of 4th June.
The House of Assembly of Nova Scotia to Kempt, complaining
that His Majesty's Treasury Commissioners claim same control over
duties resulting from the Trade Act as they are empowered by that
Act to exercise it in Colonies possessing no local legislatures, which
is in opposition to 13th Section of the Act. REPORT FOR  THE  YEAR 1988
Newspaper extract praising Dalhousie's attitude and character.
Sewel to C. F. Aylwin, acknowledging receipt of Journal of proceedings of Committee of Merchants and others by whose efforts the
present constitution was obtained. Will lay it before the Quebec
Literary and Historical Society.
Dalhousie to McGill, thanking the Sons of St. Andrew for enrolling him as a member, and contributing £100 to their fund in
support of unfortunate emigrants.
Kempt to Dalhousie, expressing his satisfaction with the proceedings of both Houses except over the Pictou Academy Bill and the
appointment of a Provincial Agent in England. The Assembly refuse
to receive the Charter of the Agricultural Society. Quit rents might
be made available to the Crown. Asks what has been done in regard
to the application of duties received in payment of salaries of Custom
House  Officers.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, asking for double the usual number of
presents for Indians, and explaining changes he has made in the
Department. a«< '«fi
Enclosure:—
Joseph B. Clench to Darling, presenting a memorial for an increase in pay.
The Montreal Gazette. An extract condemning the House of
Assembly's behaviour in Lower Canada.
W. Smith to Dalhousie, asking remuneration for his services in
connection with the Jesuits Estates.
Dalhousie to Smith, refusing his request for remuneration for
services in connection with the Jesuits Estates.
Dalhousie to Sewell, asking him to consult Richardson about his
dissolving Parliament and refusing to accept Papineau as Speaker in
the next session.
Dalhousie to Maclean, indicating a desire to leave Canada, c
Bishop Macdonnell has succeeded at Rome in having Upper Canada A
made a Bishopric separate from that of the lower Province.
Dalhousie to Gordon, enquiring why he has not acknowledged c
£400 remitted to him. i
Dalhousie to Harrison, referring to continuing barrack allowance c
to Mr. Hall during his temporary absence on duty. A
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending sale of Seigniory of Sorel. q
Dalhousie to William Griff en, the house at Sorel is not a civil q
residence, but a military quarter. Consequent upon the severe lesson »
taught the Canadians by the American Generals Montgomery and
Arnold in 1775, Haldimand purchased the Seigniory of Sorel as an
important military station with reference to Chambly and the frontier
line; for the flank operations in defence of Montreal and for maintaining a free communication from Quebec to that Post. Regrets
that the Gardens on St. Helen's Island are to be abandoned.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending £200 charges upon terri- q
torial revenue of the Crown for the upkeep of St. Helen's Island *
Botanical Garden of American plants.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, referring to an issue of arms and equip- |
ment from Ordnance.
Dalhousie
Castle,
April 10.
Castle of
St. Louis, PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Enclosure:—
Lieut. Colonel Henry Cull to F. Vassel de Monviel, regarding
arms for a troop in his vicinity.
Dalhousie to Griffen, regarding the post of Barrack master at
Three Rivers.
Hale to Dalhousie, balance in Military Chest £27,850, but clergy
Warrant not yet issued.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, strongly advising him not to grant half
of the Governor's salary to the Lieut. Governor while administering
the Government.
Dalhousie to Sewell, as the Cathedral cannot contain the increasing population in June 1824, Bishop Mountain was promised £200
a year from the Jesuits Estates, subject to Bathurst's approbation, to
build a new chapel.
Dalhousie to Horton, describing the system for making land grants
and receiving quit rents.
Dalhousie to Horton, recommends placing Amyot on a pension
and making the position of Provincial Secretary, without salary,
connected with the department of Civil Secretary.
Hale to Dalhousie, returning "Mr. R.s" extraordinary epistle.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, refuting complaints and claims of J. W.
Greece for compensation for a certain portion of his land crossed by
the Grenville Canal.
Cochran to Dalhousie, regarding the system for conducting the
business of the Jesuits Estates in future. Refers to Ryland's extraordinary letter.
Ryland to Dalhousie, apologizing for and explaining his previous
letter on his services as a Commissioner for the Jesuits Estates.
R. Fair to Dalhousie, soliciting employment.
Dalhousie to Taylor, regarding the complaint against Captain
John Mathews, Royal Artillery.
Enclosures:—
(1) Darling to Captain John Mathews, enquiring into his conduct while in a theatre at York.
(2) Mathews to Darling, explaining and justifying his behaviour
at York. '
(3) Maitland to Darling, referring to Captain Mathews' conduct.
(4) Charles Richardson, statement as to the affair at the York
theatre in connection with Captain Mathews.
Ryland to Dalhousie, assuring him that he never wished to give
offence, never used public money, and never used his influence for
his son, who was appointed Secretary by the other members of the
Board.
Dalhousie to Rev. Mr. Roux, forwards a letter of introduction to
Bathurst.
J. Hale to Dalhousie, referring to a warrant and Mr. Ryland's
fees.
J. W. Hughes to Dalhousie, requesting employment. REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1938
Dalhousie to Taylor, enclosing copy of a letter received relating
to the affair of Captain Mathews at York. Q
Francis Schofield, Magistrate, relating some instances regarding l
the behaviour of Captain Mathews. a
Dalhousie to Bathurst, recommending the purchase of the barrack q
and store of the North West Company at St. Mary's as a matter of *
policy to keep in touch with the Indians rather than as a post of
^defence against the Americans.
Dalhousie to Bathurst, respecting the Estates claimed by the q
order of St. Sulpice.   Hitherto the Government, then treating with J'
the Assembly for a permanent grant of a Civil List,