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Report of the Public Archives for the year 1941 Public Archives of Canada; Lanctôt, Gustave, 1883-1975 1942

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Array ill
DOMINION OF CANADA
REPORT
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR
1941
GUSTAVE KfflCTOT
Keeper of PubUcdtecords
OTTAm
EDMOND CWDUTIER
PRINTER TO THE KING'S JMST EXCELLENT MAJESTY
Price, 60 cents  DOMINION OF CANADA
REPORT
OF THE
PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR
1941
GUSTAVE LANCTOT
Keeper of Public Records
OTTAWA
EDMOND CLOUTIER
PRINTER TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY  TABLE OF CONTENTS
Letter of Transmittal	
Report of the Keeper of Public Records	
Reports of Divisions	
List of Donations	
APPENDIX
Calendar of Series Q:
Foreword	
Calendar of State Papers composed of the official correspondence of the Governors of Lower Canada for the years
1837-39	  LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Ottawa, December 31, 1941.
To the Honourable Norman McLartv, P.C., K.C.,
Secretary of State,
Ottawa.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you herewith the Annual Report
of the Public Archives for the year 1941, to which are attached the technical
reports of the several divisions of the Department.
As an appendix, the Archives publishes this year the continuation of
the calendar of the official correspondence between the Governors of Lower
Canada and the British Government, from 1837 to 1839.
Respectfully yours,
GUSTAVE LANCTOT,
Keeper of Public Records.  REPORT
THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES
FOR THE YEAR 1941
• • Illt j6 course of the year> despite a reduction in its staff and a reduction
in its budget, both of which resulted from the exigencies of the war, the
Archives not only fulfilled its schedule of regular work, but accomplished
supplementary work in several fields.
For instance, to aid in the war effort, the Dominion Archivist has been
and is still engaged in disposing, for the benefit of the Government, of
numerous trophies of the Great War scattered throughout the country.
Following an Order-in-Council dated April 10, 1941, a total of thirty tons
of brass and steel was immediately diverted to industrial production.
Next, from April to November, 59 field guns, 4 trench mortars and 24
machine guns were also sold. From these sales, the Government received
$2,626.37. Moreover, 18 trench mortars and 39 machine guns were turned
over to various salvage committees, which sold them in aid of war services.
Thus, a total of 97 field guns, 22 trench mortars and 63 machine guns—
nearly all of German make—will be used to manufacture arms for the
Canadian army, to serve the cause of right and justice against Hitler's
hordes!
As soon as the Victory Loan Campaign was announced, the Department put at the disposal of the National Committee its collection of war
posters and war photographs. On the acceptation of its offer and in consequence of the requests that followed, the Department was able to lend
to twenty-five towns and cities from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 903 war
posters and 293 large photographs taken at the front during the last war.
These posters and photographs were displayed in exhibitions visited by
thousands and thousands of persons.
In its regular sphere of technical service, the Archives saw this year
an increase in its work, which had slightly decreased during the first year
of war, both in volume of correspondence and number of research students
using the materials of its many collections. This year, about two hundred
persons—historians, teachers, genealogists, journalists and students—spent
periods at the Archives ranging from a few days to several months. It is
interesting to note that American historians and students came in increasing
numbers to consult the documentary sources of Canadian history.
This year the Archives arranged in the museum rooms three exhibitions
comprising documents, pictures, printed materials and articles of historical interest. The first marked the centenary of the union of Upper and
Lower Canada under one government, in 1841. The second exhibition
commemorated the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Sir John A. Macdonald, in June, 1891. Finally, the third was dedicated to the centenary
of the birth of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, in November, 1841.
The Archives this year placed its rooms at the disposal of two important
organizations which held their annual conventions in Ottawa. On September 9, the Associated Country Women of the World were guests of the
Archives on the invitation of the Secretary of State, the Honourable Pierre
Casgrain. On October 16, the Ontario Chapter of the Imperial Order oi
Daughters of the Empire met at the Archives to visit our exhibition rooms. vffi PUBLIC ARCHIVES
It can be said that each month of the year, the Department was
enriched by new acquisitions either by donation or purchase. The description of them can be found in the reports of the divisions or the list of
donations, but here it will suffice to mention the more important ones.
In the Manuscript Division first place must be given to a letter from
His Majesty King George VI to Lieutenant-General A. L. McNaughton
welcoming the Canadian troops to England.   Here is the text of the letter:
Buckingham Palace
The General Officer Commanding,
1st Canadian Division.
On behalf of the people of this country, I extend the warmest welcome
to the first contingent of the Canadian Forces to reach these shores.
The British Army will be proud to have as comrades-in-arms the
successors of those who came from Canada in the Great War and fought
with a heroism that has never been forgotten.
17th December, 1939.
George R.I.
Among the other acquisitions worthy of note are four very interesting
letters by William Lyon Mackenzie, between 1844 and 1851. Included in
the documents received from Mrs. G. W. Badgley were a Journal of the
Queen's Rangers, from December, 1780 to June, 1781, a letter by Samuel
Jarvis describing the Battle of Queenston Heights (1812) and the order for
the execution of the rebel leader Nils Szoltocsky Von Schultz, captured
at the battle of Prescott, in 1837. Four new letters of Sir John A. Macdonald addressed to William Douglas, between 1884 and 1889, have been
added to the valuable collection of papers of this Prime Minister. The
new Bellemare collection contains letters of several Governors and other
important personages of New France. Attention might also be drawn to
two lengthy letters by Father Paradis, a missionary in Western Canada,
dated Lake Abitibi, June, 1882.
The Print Division received with gratitude the autographed portraits
of the Governor General and Princess Alice which Their Excellencies
graciously donated to the Archives. The Prime Minister, the Right
Honourable W. L. Mackenzie King, also presented a photograph of the
plenipotentiaries who signed, on March 19, 1941, at Ottawa, the agreement
between Canada and the United States relative to the development of the
St. Lawrence waterway. From Mr. A. E. Blount the Archives received a
full-length portrait of Sir Charles Tupper by V. A. Long, which was lent
to the House of Commons in exchange for a portrait of Jacques Cartier.
We also wish to mention an engraving of London in 1848, the gift of Mr.
Fred Landon, as well as the purchase of three original sketches by Julien
and five water-colours by W. J. Phillips.
The Division of Technical Auxiliary Services received as a gift from
the Eastman Kodak Company, of Rochester, and the Canadian Kodak
Company, of Toronto, the complete series of technicolour films depicting
the visit of Their Majesties to Canada and the United States in 1939.
As was the case last year, and with greater reason, no new acquisitions
have come to us from Europe. In the first place, the Paris office has been
closed and the members of the staff remaining in France pensioned. Four
of the staff managed to escape at the time of the invasion, get to England REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941 ix
and finally make their way to Canada. They are now working with the
Archives in Canada, where they have served to fill the vacancies sustained
during the last two years.
In spite of the air raids and difficult conditions, the London office,
now reduced to three employees, has continued its work of transcription;
but the copies will remain in England until after the war, in order to avoid
the extreme risk of loss. Also, the manuscripts and pictures, some of them
very interesting items, bought in London during the last two years cannot
be sent to Ottawa until the conclusion of hostilities. In the meantime all
these materials are stored in a safe place.
This year the Archives publishes as an appendix to its Annual Report
the continuation of the calendar of the official correspondence of the
Governors, Lieutenant-Governors and other high officials of Upper and
Lower Canada with the British Government, 1759 to 1841. Known under
the name Series Q., meaning Quebec, this correspondence forms the documentary basis of Canadian history under the British regime. The first
Dominion Archivist, Douglas Brymner, started the compiling of this
calendar, as well as its publication by instalments in the Annual Reports,
as early as 1890. After his death, the calendar was discontinued. In 1937,
the Department resumed the work on this calendar, which is now finished,
and the publication of it by instalments starts in the present appendix.
The publishing of it will be carried on as rapidly as the funds in hand,
sharply reduced since the start of the war, will permit. Heading the calendar, students will find an introduction furnishing them with all the details
necessary for the use of the calendar in its present state.
In view of possible danger, however unlikely air raids on the capital
may seem, the head of the Department has had a list drawn up of the
most valuable and most important manuscripts, pictures, maps and printed
materials in the collections of the Archives. With this information in
hand, steps are being taken to insure, at the first warning from the military
authorities, the removal of these items as rapidly as possible to a repository
outside the city. Besides, propositions are being studied which will lead
to the preparing of a repository, in the country outside the danger zone,
that will have the advantage of escaping observation and possess all the
qualifications of security against fire and deterioration.
It only remains to mention that the Military Museum, which is under
the Dominion Archivist, has been able to complete in the course of the year
the classifying and placing of the many items now on exhibition. The
museum assembles, within a rather limited space, a surprising quantity
of war weapons ranging from cannons to pistols and from torpedoes to
bayonets as well as a considerable number of war trophies and military
equipment. There is also an interesting collection of large, coloured
photographs which depict life behind the lines and at the front during the
Great War.
GUSTAVE LANCTOT,
Keeper of Public Records. REPORTS OF THE DIVISIONS
FOR THE YEAR 1941
MANUSCRIPT DIVISION
ACCESSIONS
Transcripts from Canada
JOLIETTE—
Societe Historique: Sommaire.
Montreal—
Archevgche  de  Montreal:   Carton 3.    Lettres de Mgr.  Lartigue,
1819-1839.    Carton 15.    Lettres de Mgr. Bourget, 1865.
St. Sulpice Library: Baby Collection, documents divers.
Quebec—
Archives de Quebec:  Registre de la PrevQte de Quebec, 1744-1745.
Seminaire de Quebec: Engagements de Colons pour Ville Marie, 1644.
Polygraphic XVI, No. 50 (Famille Testard de Montigny) 1743-62.
Originals from Government Sources
Ottawa—
Department of Interior.
Files re German Immigration, 1889-1893.
Department of National Defence.
Air Force recruiting bulletins, 1940-1941.
Naval Service deeds to property of the Halifax Dockyard, 1759-
1815.
Beatty Commission.
Report on Civil Service, 1929.
Vancouver—
Vancouver Archives: Pioneer reminiscences, 1882.
Nova Scotia—
Nova Scotia Customs:  Shipping Register, Maitland, 1878-1941.
Originals from Miscellaneous Sources
Autobiography of H. W. D. Armstrong, 1852-1933.
Diary of Queen's Rangers, 1780.
Warrant for the execution of Von Schultz, 1839.
List of Prince of Wales Own Regiment, 1760.
Bellemare Papers, 1679-1894.
Recueil de Cantiques de Mgr. Bailly, 1785.
Letters from Sir John Macdonald, 1884-1889.
Letters of E. Jarvis, Chief Justice, Prince Edward Island, 1850.
Letters from R. F. Paradis, O.M.I., 1882. REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941
Letters from W. L. Mackenzie, 1844-1851.
Chansons Canadiennes—Mantha Collection.
Memoir on the McWilliams Peat Bog, 1905-1923.
Memoir on the Glengarry Settlement, 1786-1861.
Memoir on Canada's great northern heritage by Elihu Stewart.
Autographs, 22nd Battalion, C.E.F., 1915.
Letters of B. Suite, 1912.
Letters of W. L. Mackenzie King, 1913.
Letter of H. G. Joly de Lotbiniere, 1899.
Letter of G. R. Nash, Dawson City, 1900.
G. T. HAMILTON.
MAP DIVISION
During the.year ending November 30, 116 requests for information
were received, and 160 students and professional men consulted maps in
the Map Division. Five hundred and eighteen photostat copies and
photographic prints of maps were supplied.
ACCESSIONS
Maps and Plans
United States
"Plan of Old Fort Carlton. Drawn on the Ground. S W D Del."
(Plan of Fort Haldimand, Carlton Island, N.Y. Photographic copy, full
size, of drawing in "Souvenir of the Thousand Islands" 2nd Edit. 1896,
by John A. Haddock, Watertown, N.Y.)    Photographic copy.
"Map Showing St. Louis, Carondelet and Their Dependencies adapted
from Hutawa's Atlas of St. Louis County—1847. U.S. Department of
the Interior—National Park Service—Jefferson National Expansion
Memorial—Dr. by F.R.L.—April 10, 1940."    Print.
Ontario
"Archaeological Map of Ontario." (Photostat enlargement from
Archaeological Report—Appendix to the Report of the Minister of Education, Province of Ontario, 1906.)    Photostat copy.
"Map of the Township of Derby. By Alex. F. McNab, Surveyor,
&c. Owen Sound. 1st January, 1877." (Inset: View of Inglis Falls.)
Photostat copy.
"Plan of the City of Ottawa. City Engineer'sOffice. 1908. Examined and Approved, Newton J. Ker, City Engineer."    Litho.
"Map of the County of Wellington, Province of Canada West. Compiled from Various Surveys by E. H. Kertland Esq. Civil Engineer & P.L.S.
1855.    Engraved by Maclear & Co. Lith. Toronto."    Engraving.
Boundary Plans
David Thompson's field maps of surveys, Cypress Lake to Lake of
the Woods, July 7-17, 1823 (76 sheets) and Fowl Carrying Place to White
and Basswood Lake, July 3-9, 1823 (17 sheets).    (Copies of originals in
Minnesota Historical Society.)    Photostat copies. ii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
National Topographic Series, Prepared by The Geographical
Section of the General Staff and Published by the
Department of National Defence
Sheet 11 E/6 Province of Nova Scotia, Truro.
"     21 E/ll Province of Quebec, Scotstown.
"    21 H/16 Province of Nova Scotia, Amherst.
"    31 C/15 Province of Ontario, Sharbot Lake.
"    41 A/1 Province of Ontario, Dundalk.
"    41 A/8 Province of Ontario, Collingwood.
I    73 B/2 Province of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.
Part of Sheets 62 & 72 Province of Saskatchewan, McLean.
National Topographic Series, Compiled, Drawn, and Printed at the
Office of the Surveyor General, Ottawa, and Received from
Hydrographic  and   Map  Service,   Department  of  Mines
and Resources
Sheet 31 N.E.        Province of Quebec, Parent-Three Rivers.
"    41 N.E.        Province of Ontario, Chapleau-Sudbury.
"    41 N.W.       Province of Ontario, Michipicoten-Sault Ste. Marie.
y    41 S.E. Province of Ontario, Manitoulin-Owen Sound.
I    41 J/S.W. |
and part of [ Province of Ontario, Thessalon.
"    41 K/S.E. j
"    42 S.W.        Province of Ontario, Geraldton-White River.
"    52 S.E. Province of Ontario, Ignace-Fort William.
"    62 N.E.        Province of Manitoba, Neepawa-Gypsumville.
General Topographical Maps
"The Northern Hemisphere. Canada, Department of Mines and
Resources, Surveys and Engineering Branch, Hydrographic and Map
Service. Compiled, drawn and printed at the Hydrographic and Map
Service, Ottawa, 1941."    (References of distances attached.)    Litho.
"Plan of Wasagaming Wholly Within Riding Mountain Park. Township 19, Range 18, West of the Principal Meridian, Province of Manitoba.
Second Edition. Department of Mines and Resources, Ottawa, 15th
April, 1941. Approved and Confirmed, F. H. Peters, Surveyor General."
Litho.
In addition to the above maps, eleven plans of Townships in the
Province of Alberta were received from the Department of Public Works
of that Province and twenty-three plans of Townships in the Province of
Saskatchewan were received from the Department of Natural Resources,
Saskatchewan.
NORMAN FEE.
PRINT DIVISION
I. Research
Number of investigations completed: 140.
In addition, much time has been taken in giving information and help
to research workers who visited the Division. REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941
II. Paintings, Drawings and Prints
Pictures received: 105.
Illustrated volumes and albums received: 9.
Pictures catalogued: 5,273.
Over 60,000 pictures have now been catalogued.
III. Photographs and Photostats
Photograph negatives prepared and indexed:  12.
Photostat negatives prepared and indexed: 252.
Photograph prints supplied:  215.
Photostat prints supplied: 463.
IV. Lantern Slides
Lantern slides loaned: 150.
JAMES F. KENNEY.
INDEX AND INFORMATION DIVISION
This Division this year has carried on actively its index work, the
utility of which cannot be exaggerated as regards the extensive research
required by the numerous requests for information. The time devoted to
this work is more than compensated for by the time the index saves, not
only to the staff but to those writing in to the Archives.
The typing of the paylists of the American Loyalist soldiers has been
completed and the cards amounting to 61,692, arranged and placed in the
index of the Military Series. In the course of this work, the names of
19,025 Loyalists who crossed over to Canada during the American War of
Independence were indexed. These lists were taken from the Haldimand
Papers.
The Division has also finished the typing of 32,000 cards taken from
the Canadian parish registers where Acadians settled after the Acadian
Expulsion. This arduous task was accomplished despite the fact that the
compiler had to decipher an almost illegible manuscript, complicated by a
multitude of difficult abbreviations. It is hoped that during the coming
year these cards will be placed in alphabetical order and incorporated into
the index of the Acadian Series.
The indexing of the French and English calendars of the official correspondence of the Governors, Quebec Series, Lower Canada, is progressing,
also that of the same series for Upper Canada, started this year. To this
series have been added more than 23,350 cards.
Owing to their deteriorated condition, it has been necessary to recopy
the index of volumes "M" and "N" of the minutes of the Committee of
the Executive Council, which deal with the concession of lands in Upper
Canada. This year, 2,400 cards have been added to the research index-
cards.
Some work has also been done in classifying the documents of various
corps of cavalry and artillery, in order to place them with the archives ol
the militia units of their respective districts before Confederation. In
this section, 444 military files relating to the Great War were borrowed and
returned; 560 are being consulted; and 727 were reconditioned, further,
following an understanding with the Department of National Defence,
419,000 files have been returned to the care of that Department. xiv PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Information
The Division received eight hundred and sixteen (816) requests for
information dealing, as usual, with the most varied questions on Canadian
history and coming from the four corners of this country and the United
States. It is interesting to note that since the inception of this service,
in 1908, 23,420 questions have been answered, an annual average of 710
requests.
These figures show that, despite the war, research students continue
their work or, at least, if there is a reduction on the part of individuals,
the war organizations fully make up the difference, j As in the past, several
federal departments have had recourse to this Division for information
on historical questions. The provincial commissions which administer the
Old Age Pensions Act have increased considerably the number of their
requests for verification of age, owing to the census returns for 1871 having
been deposited at the Archives. Certified copies of documents have been
furnished for court cases. Specialists in history—professors, students,
genealogists, and enquirers of every category—continue to use this service
to have their difficult problems solved.
LUCIEN BRAULT.
PUBLICATIONS DIVISION
In the course of the present year, the Publications Division translated
and published the Report of the Public Archives for the year 1941, which
contains the calendar of the official correspondence between the British
Government and the Governors, the Lieutenant-Governors, the Administrators and other high officials of Lower Canada, from 1837 to 1839.
In spite of the war, requests for reports and special publications—
some for free copies and some with offers to pay—continue to flow into the
Archives. The new inventory, finished at the close of last year, and also
the convenience of a modern visible index system facilitate a prompt
response to these requests.
SERAPHIN MARION.
LIBRARY DIVISION
Notwithstanding the exigencies of wartime, the routine services of
the Library Division were well maintained and all demands upon its
resources by visitors and correspondents at home and abroad were responded
to as fully and promptly as possible. The events of the War continued to
be reflected in the written and oral inquiries received during the year.
Some of these inquiries related to the significance of Canada's direct
declaration of and participation in the War. Especially noteworthy was
the evidence of a widespread interest on the part of American correspondents
in the constitutional status of the Dominion in relation to Great Britain
and the Empire and the prosecution of the War. In these respects a good
deal of information was supplied, and in certain instances bibliographical
and other memoranda were prepared to serve as basic material for articles
and addresses to be published or delivered in the United States, designed
to strengthen good will and understanding between democracies standing
side by side in the common cause of freedom.
The Library Division has continued to collect and compile printed
materials relating to Canada's war operations together with available REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941 xv
official records, white papers, and reports, which will constitute valuable
raw material for the story of Canada at War. We are adding also the
bulletins, pamphlets, magazines and other publications being issued periodically from allied legations and bureaus of information, among others those
of Belgium, Norway and the Netherlands, which contain quasi-official
accounts of the war activities of these Governments-in-exile as well as
much uncensored intelligence concerning conditions and affairs in the
conquered countries of Europe.
Appropriate titles and items were furnished for several special exhibitions of archival material arranged during the year to signalize anniversaries of historical or national significance, notably the fiftieth anniversary
of the death of Sir John A. Macdonald and the centenary of the birth of
Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Information touching a wide range of inquiries was prepared as usual
in the form of memoranda, copies of documents and researches for many
visitors and correspondents.
Grateful acknowledgment is made of books, pamphlets, reports and
photostat copies received from a large number of donors including the
Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, the Library of Congress, the Hartford Courant, Dr. G. R. Lomer,
Toronto Public Library and Emile Vaillancourt.
A. F. MACDONALD.
DIVISION OF TECHNICAL AUXILIARY SERVICES
This year the various sections of the Division accomplished much,
. each in its own particular field. The historical museum, in the first place,
arranged three exhibitions commemorating three important dates in
Canadian history. The first marked the centenary of the union of Upper
and Lower Canada under one government, in 1841. The second was in
remembrance of the fiftieth anniversary of Sir John A. Macdonald's death,
in June, 1891, and the third commemorated the birth, one hundred years
ago, of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, in November, 1841. These three exhibitions
presented to the public interesting collections of manuscripts, documents,
pictures and printed materials relating to these events.
The cinematographic section acquired the complete series of techni-
colour films depicting the visit of Their Majesties to Canada and the
United States, in 1939, the gift of the Eastman Kodak Company, of
Rochester, and the Canadian Kodak Company, of Toronto.
During the year the bindery staff bound 876 volumes, of wluch a
certain number required preliminary repair work. In addition, 5,200
manuscripts were repaired, placeu in order and bound into 17 volumes.
This section also made 107 portfolios and mounted 81 maps and pictures.
The photographic section reproduced 12,300 photo-copies and photographs in the course of the year.
C. J. DEWAR,
Acting. PUBLIC ARCHIVES
DONATIONS, 1941
For the gifts received in the course of the year, as well as for records
transferred from departments of the Federal Government, the Public
Archives wishes to express its sincere thanks.
Manuscript Division
Badgley, Mrs. G. W.: Diary of the Queen's Rangers in America from
11 December 1780 to 26 June 1781; letter from Samuel Jarvis, Niagara,
15 October 1812, relating to the battle of Queenston Heights; Warrant
for the execution of Nils Szoltocsky Von Schultz; list of the establishment of the Prince of Wales American Regiment in 1760, with a list
of casualties.
Chart, Dr.: Emigration lists of various County Londonderry parishes,
1833-1835.
Cox, John: Shipping Register for the outport of Maitland, Nova Scotia,
which was closed 1 September 1941, transferred by J. Cox, Collector
of Customs and Excise, Windsor, N.S.
Johnston, J. L.: Copies of four letters of William Lyon Mackenzie.
[Photostat.]
McNaughton, General: Letter signed by H. M. King George VI.
MacGregor, Donald: Documents prepared for a Royal Commission on
the Civil Service which was appointed under the chairmanship of
Sir Edward Beatty (20 vols.).    [Typewritten.]
Mantha, Felix: Copies of Chansons Canadiennes. [Photostats of originals
owned by the donor.]
Munro, William B.: Letter signed by B. Suite (1899); post card signed by
B. Suite (1912); letter from W. L. Mackenzie King (1913); letter
signed by H. G. Joly de Lotbiniere (1899).
Julien, Jeanne: Two photostat copies of letters from R. F. Paradis, O.M.I.,
to Henri Julien.
Naval Service, Department of:  Deeds of property in Nova Scotia.
Robertson, I. Perley: Commission appointing Sir George H. Perley Commissioner and Plenipotentiary for the Dominion of Canada in London,
1919.
Scott, W. L.: Collection of various letters, programmes, etc.; "A Scots
Catholic Settlement in Canada" from the Catholic World, Vol. 34
(October 1881).    [Typewritten.]
Seaborn, Dr. E.:  The Dr. McWilliams Peat Bog.    [Typewritten.]
Stewart, Miss Mary K.: Canada's Great Northern Heritage. [Typewritten].
White, E. G: General Index of General Orders, Nov. 1811-March 1815.
Print Division
Blount, A. E.: Portrait of Sir Charles Tupper by V. A. Long.
Fleming, Rt. Rev. A. L., Bishop of the Arctic:   five photographs of All
Saints (Anglican) Cathedral, Aklavik, N.W.T.
Girouard, Mme. Rene de la Bruere:   Collection of twenty-six regimental
posters of the Great War (1914-1919).
Gerard, R.: Wales colours and American and Canadian flags, 1685-1814.
Governor General, The Earl of Athlone:  Photographs of himself and the
Princess Alice.
Holmes, Captain L. L. H.:  Collection of thirty-one proclamations issued
in British occupied Germany during the first period of the Armistice,
and subsequent to the ratification of the Versailles Treaty. REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941 xvti
Hunter, E. R.: Photograph of an Indian tomb on the Cowlitz River, in
what is now the State of Oregon, from a drawing by Lieut, (later Sir)
Henry James Warre (1819-1898).
King, Rt. Hon. W. L. Mackenzie: Signing of the Canada-United States
agreement for the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Basin development,
Ottawa, 19 March 1941. [Photograph.]
Landon, Fred: London (Canada West) as it looked in the year 1848
[Print.]
Leeson, B. W.: Catalogue of the Leeson Collection of Indian Photographs,
Northern British Columbian Coast.
National Museum, Ottawa: Four photographs of General Brock's sash
(ceinture fleche).
Oesterreich, R. Gerard: Two pencil sketches of the colours of the 1st Batt.
Montreal Grenadier Guards; 3 photographs of uniforms and 4 postcards; water-colour of the colours of the 2nd Batt. Canadian Militia;
sketches of the flags of German troops in the American Revolutionary
War. y
Sherwood, Miss Helen: Two paintings of the first Chaudiere Falls suspension bridge; photograph of Samuel Keefer, Deputy Commissioner of
Public Works.
Shortt, George: Photograph of the Friday Club, about 1855.
Tarte, Joseph: Photograph of a ball given in the Windsor Hotel, Montreal,
in honour of Marquis of Lome (Governor General 1878-1883) and
Princess Louise.
Wilkie, Wendell: Photograph of himself.
Library
Almon, Albert: Rochefort Point—a silent city in Louisburg (1940).
Angers, Mme. Albertine Ferland-: Mere d' Youville: la Grande RSalisatrice;
Les Premieres Canadiennes Missionnaires; Pierre You et son fits Francois
d'Youville by the donor (Montreal, 1941).    [Pamphlet.]
Armour, Alexander William: Notables and Autographs by the donor (New
York, 1939).    [Privately printed.]
Barnstead, Miss Winnifred:  French-Canadian Folk Songs: a list of sources
in the libraries of Toronto by Margaret G. Bealey, B.A., B.L.S.;
Canadian Railways to 1867: a list of sources in the Libraries of Toronto
by Margaret E. Ryerson, B.A.
Belgian Legation in Canada: Leopold First: The founder of Modern Belgium
by Comte Louis de Lichtervelde (New York, 1930); LSopold of the
Belgians by Comte Louis de Lichtervelde (New York,  1929); The
Belgian Campaign and the Surrender of the Belgian Army, May 10-28,
1940; Belgium's Leopold by John Cudahy.
Bookman, Corporal, Royal Canadian Engineers: Pick and Shovel, 15 Nov.
1940-28 June, 1941.    [Mimeograph.]
British Columbia, Government of:   Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
1936 and 1938; The Trade of British Columbia 1935, 1938, and 1939;
A  Study of the Canadian Railway Rate Structure and its Regional
Influence in British Columbia (1936); Statistics of Industry in British
Columbia 1871-1934. .   .
Brittain, E. L.:   Proceedings of the Executive Committee, Canadian Patriotic
Association, and Minute Book of the same organization.
Brown, Margaret A.: Extracts from "Life of Joseph Brant and the History
of the Aeriokwa or Six Nation Indians" (yet unpublished) by the donor
(Brantford, 1941).    [Pamphlet.] tMfM     u   a
Bull, Perkins: Our Empire's Here to Stay (patriotic song) lyric by the donor
(Toronto, 1941). xviii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Bullowa, David M.: Numismatic Notes and Monographs (No. 83).
Burpee, Dr. Lawrence:  The Fate of Henry Hudson.    [Pamphlet.]
California, University of: Anthropological Records by Harold E. Driver
(University of California Press, 1941).
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation: Collection of sixteen radio addresses
(1937-1939).    [Pamphlets.]
Canadian Jewish Congress Archives: The Ansell Collection (January 1940).
[Mimeograph.]; unfinished Journal of a clerk at York Factory, Hudson's
Bay Company, 1828-1829. [Typewritten.]; Canada's Jews by Louis
Rosenburg (1939).
Canadian Legion: British Empire Service League, Canadian Legion.
Canadian Pacific Railway Company: Empress of Britain, lost in action in
the service of her country (October 29, 1940). [Pamphlet]; Lucerne in
Quebec (1930).    [Pamphlet.]
Carleton and York Regiment: Presentation of colours to the Carleton and
York Regt. and the Edmonton Regt., by H.M. the King, Caterham,
Surrey, England, 1 July 1941.
Carnegie Corporation of New York: Forty Years of Carnegie Giving
(1901-1941) by Robert M. Lester (1941).
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: Diplomatic Correspondence
of the United States Canadian relations, 1784—1860.
Carolina, University of North: Guide to the Manuscripts in the Southern
Historical College of the University of North Carolina (1941).
Caron, M. l'Abbe Ivanhoe: "Aux Origines d'un Paroisse: Notre-Dame-de
Bonsecours-de-1'Islet (1677-1723)" reprint from Mimoires de la
SociStS Royal du Canada, 1940.
Chart, D. A.: Copy of Letters and Journal of Robert Peel Dawson, 2nd
Grenadier Guards, in England, Canada, and the United States 1838-40.
[Typewritten.]
Chelsea Club: Annual Reports, (1938, 1939, 1940).
Clarke, Borden: Nine pamphlets "Canada at War" by Sir Robert Borden.
Claspy, Everett M.: European Section of Atlas of Parliamentary Government.
Colloton, Rev. F. W.: Journals and Proceedings of the Thirteenth Session of
the Diocese of Algoma (A.D. 1941).
Comite France-Amerique: L'Sducation Nationale, le Mar6chal Petain;
Appels aux Francais, le Marechal Petain; Le Paysan Francais, Henri
Pourrat; Le Nouveau RSgime Francais, le Marechal Petain; Le Nouveau-
Monde et la France, le Marechal Petain; L'armistice du 25 juin 1940,
le Marechal Petain.
Congress, Library of, United States Government: Collection of the following publications: The Constitution of the United States—an account
of its travels since 17 September 1787 by D. C. Mearns and V. W. Clapp
(Washington, 1939); George Washington the President by Sol Bloom
[Pamphlet.]; Colonial Printing in Mexico—Catalogue of Exhibition in
Library of Congress in 1939; Magna Carta—the Lincoln Cathedral
copy exhibited in 1939; Author Entry for Government Publications by
James B. Childs; Special facilities for Research; The Program of the
Dept. of State in Cultural Relations.
Democracy, Council for: Radio program script We shall live again.
Dominion Provincial Conferences: Four copies of Dominion Provincial
Conferences, 1941; two copies of Directory of Dominion Provincial
Conferences.
Dugas, Marcel: Pots defer by the donor (Quebec, 1941). —the story of the London Fire
REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941 xa
Elliot, JabezH.: "John Gilchrist, J.P., L.M.B.U.C., N P a pioneer New
England physician in Canada" reprint from Bulletin of the History
of Medicine, Vol. VII, No. 7, (July 1939).
Fairchild, Timothy Marsh: The Name and family of Fairchild
Farmer, Samuel: On the Shores of Scugog by the donor (1934).
Federal Works Agency: 283 Publications from the Director of Historical
Records Survey, (Washington, U.S.A.).
Finnish Consulate: The Finland Year Book (1939-40) and ten pamphlets
on Finland; The Development of Finnish-Soviet Relations during the
Autumn of 1939.    [French and English copies.]
Fleming, Rt. Rev. A. L.: All Saints Cathedral, Aklavik, N.W.T. (5 pamphlets). v   *^
Franco-Americaine: Les Quarante ans de la Societe Historique 1899-1939.
French Legation: Le Livre Jaune Francais: Documents diplomatiques
(1938-39).
Godfrey, Miss Doris G.:  Fire over London—
Service (1940-41).
Green, Ernest: "Frey" by the donor, reprint from the Papers and Records
of the Ontario Historical Society (Vol. XXXIII).
Hackett, Mrs. J. T.: Eleazer Fitch: the first leader of Stanstead Township
(1941).    [Pamphlet.]
Hartford Courant: 175th Anniversary edition of the Hartford Courant
(29 October 1939).
Hazen, Mrs. C. P.: John Pember: The History of the Pember family in
America.    [Pamphlet.]
Illinois Historical Collections: Illinois on the eve of the Seven Years' War,
1747-1755, Vol. XXIX (Vol. Ill French series); Papers in Illinois
History (1939).
Italy, Consul General: Documents du temps Gealeazzo Ciana.
Kansas Historical Quarterly: Vol. IX, 1940.    Collection Vol. 26.
Lanctot, Dr. Gustave: "Perspectives economiques et Militaires de la Guerre
de Sept ans au Canada" extrait de Culture (1941). [Pamphlet.];
25" Anniversaire de la Bataille de Courcelette (1916—1941); Order of
unveiling of National War Memorial at Ottawa (1939); Les IdSes (1935-
1939); Ordo Consecrationis Illumi et Rumi Alexandri Vachon (Quebec).
[Pamphlet.]
Langton, H. H.: James Douglas, a Memoir by the donor (1940).
Latchford, A. M.: The Orange Lily (January-December 1854).
Leopold, Rev. Frere:   Jean Olscamp 1902-1921.
Life, Publishers of: Life (September, 1940).
Livinson, A. J.: Program of the "Tercentenary Preview" (April 9, 1940)
Windsor Hotel, Montreal.
Lomer, Gerhard Richard: Sir Henry Ellis in France by the donor. [Pamphlet.]
Lower, A. R. M.: Edward Gibbon and the Beauharnois Canal; Democracy
and Parliament; Sir John A. Macdonald; Sir John A. Macdonald in
caricature; From Huskisson to Peel; The Trade in Square Timber;
Canada—a Motherland; The Growth of the French Population of Canada;
The Case against Immigration; Motherlands—Our Present Discontents;
Canada and Foreign Policy; Canada and the Americans; America and
the Pacific; National Interests in the Pacific—Canadian and American,
pamphlets by the donor; The Native Son, Winnipeg. [Newspaper.]
McConnell, Miss: The Examiner (Toronto, Canada West, 1845).
Macdonald, Colin S.: Early Highland Emigration to Nova Scotta and Prince
Edward Island from 1770-1853.    [Pamphlet.] t ,* rnii*
Macdonald, Frank S.: History of the Progenitors of Hon. fuSuyf.}f^r
Macdonald, late Lt.-Governor of Prince Edward Isgi^aa*tos wtje
Mary Elizabeth Macdonald by the donor (1941).    liypescnpt-j xx PUBLIC ARCHIVES
McKenna, Arthur J.:   "One Year of National Defence" from The Wall
Street Journal (May 16, 1941).
McLennan, Miss Janet:   Memories, poems by Mary Louise McLennan
(1932-1940).
Macmillan Company of Canada:  The Canadian Literature by S. Morgan
Powell.    [Pamphlet.]
Mabee, Mrs. G. E.: Pioneering on the C.P.R. by Florence R. Howey (1938).
Marquis, G. E.: Rendez a Cesar (Quebec, 1940).    [Pamphlet.]
Matheson, G. M.: The Ladies' Science of Etiquette (New York, 1847).
Michigan, University of:   Museum of Anthropology The Indians of the
Great Lakes 1615-1760 by W. Vernon Kinietz; Bibliography of Mathematical Works, printed in America through 1850 by Louis C. Kaipuiski.
Milner, S.: Europe and the German Question by F. W. Foerster (1940).
Minnesota Historical Society: The Voyageur's Highway by Grace Lee Nute.
Mitchell, Elaine Allan:   "The 'Sessional Papers' of Upper Canada, 1792-
1840" by the donor.    [Reprinted from the Canadian Historical Review
(September, 1941).]
Morrison, Dr. D. M.: Religion in Old Cape Breton by the donor.
Morse, Dr. William Inglis: Ewart Gladstone Morse 1892-1935, a Memoir
(1840);  Chronicle Mountain  Lake Number  (No.  233,  May  1941);
Chronicle 35th Anniversary Number 1906-1941 (No. 234, November,
1941).
Mullally, Emmet J.: Report of the First Annual Convention of the English
speaking Teachers, Religious and Lay, held at the Plateau Academy
Hall, November 7-8, 1930.
Mussallem, M. S.:     The Royal Visit and Fraser Valley Reeves (1939).
Nadeau, Gabriel:   "A.T.B.'s Progress:   The story of Norman Bethune"
by the donor, reprint from Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Vol.
VIII, No. 8, (October, 1940); "Indian Scalping Technique in different
Tribes" by the donor, reprinted from Bulletin of the History of Medicine,
Vol. X, No. 2 (July, 1941).
National Federation of Canada: Mackenzie King replies to Manion (8 March
1940).    [Radio address.]
National Parks:  Observations concerning the conservation of Monuments in
Europe and America by Dr. Hans Huth (Washington, U.S.A.).
Ontario Paper Company:   Fair Play cartoons from the Chicago Tribune;
No News for Sale (Thorold, Ontario).
Otis, Judge Merrill E.: Henry Collins, Soldier of the Revolution.   [Pamphlet.]
Pelletier, Col. Oscar: Memoires, souvenirs defamille et Recits by the donor.
Pender, Gordon: Autographed copy of O Canada.
Poland, Consul General of:  The Polish White Book; La Decade Polonaise
(Paris, 1 June 1940).
Purkis, Leslie S.:  The Fire Kindlers, the story of the Purkis family by the
donor.
Regan, John W.: Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1941 Souvenir Booklet by the donor.
Robinson, Percy J.: Notes on Polier's Huron Place-Names in the Vicinity
of Lake Erie, 1745 by the donor; "Meaning and derivation of Indian
site names in Huronia", by the donor, reprint from the Orillia Packet
and Times (April 10, 1941).
Robitaille, l'Abbe Georges:   "Marie de l'lncarnation et nos Martyrs" by
the donor, reprint from Le Devoir.    [Pamphlet.]
Rochester Library, University of:   Catalogue of the Autograph Collection of
the University of Rochester compiled by Robert F. Metzdorf (1940). REPORT OF THE YEAR 1941 xxi
Russell, Rev.( G. Stanley: Deer Park United Church magazine containing
sermon "The Religious War in Canada" by the donor.
Salvador, Republica de: Revista del Departmento de Historio y Hemeroteca
nacional del Ministerio de Instruccion Publica (Enero de 1940).
Sanderson, C. R.: Lt.-Col. Bradstreets Expedition to Fort Frontenac (Rouse
& Mann, Ltd., Toronto, 1940).    [Pamphlet.]
Saunders, Leslie H.:  The Story of Orangeism (Toronto:  1941).
Scott, W. L.: "Glengarry's Representatives in the Legislative Assembly of
Upper Canada" by the donor, reprint from Reports of the Canadian
Catholic Historical Association for 1938-1939 and 1939-1940. [Pamphlet.]
Secretary of State of Canada: Commemoration Service fiftieth anniversary of
the death of Sir John A. Macdonald June 6th 1891 (Kingston, Tune 7,
1941).
Shields, Dr. T. T.: Pourquoi Je ne suis pas Catholique Romain; The Gospel
Witness (16 January 1941).
Sellar, Watson: "The Historical Development of Financial Control in
Canada" an address by the donor (Ottawa, 23 October 1936). [Mimeograph.]
Smith, Herman D.:  The des Plaines River by the donor (1940).
Social Science Research Council: Annual Report (1939-1940); Decennial
Report (1923-1933).
Societe des Ecrivains Canadiens: Le Bois.
Societe Historique de Joliette: Recueil de chansons politiques.
Soeurs de la Charite, Montreal: I'HSpital General des Soeurs de la CharitS
(Vols. I-II).
Spector, Dr. Margaret M.: The American Department of the British Government 1768-1782 by the donor.
Stairs, E. G: The Crankshaft (September 1939-October 1939).
Stratford, The Normal School: The Classic: Year Book of the class of 1934;
The Classic (1924-28); The Classic (1929-33).
United States National Archives, Washington: Sixth Annual Report (1939-
1940).
United States Government, Dept. of the Interior: A Preliminary Bibliography of the American Fur Trade compiled by Stuart Cuthbertson and
John C. Ewers (1939).
Toronto Public Library: Canadian Book Printing (1940); Preliminary
Guide to the Public Libraries prepared by Florence B. Murray and Elsie
McLeod Murray (1940).
Ursulines des Trois Rivieres: Les Ursulines des Trois Rivieres (1939).
[Mimeograph.]
Vaillancourt, Emile: Contre une Cinquieme Colonne by the donor. [Pamphlet.]
Vancouver Breweries, Limited: The Future is Ours—Not Hitler's. [Pamphlet.]
Vermont Historical Society: Proceedings for 1930-31-32; 1936-37; 1938,
Nos. 1 and 4; 1939-40.
Victory Loan Headquarters: Material relating to the Victory Loan Campaign (1941).
Warner, Howard: The History of St. George's Church, South Augusta,
Ontario, 1888-1938.
Wartime Prices and Trade Board: Rent Control in Canada (1 July 1941).
Wecter, Dixon: Benjamin Franklin and an Irish Enthusiast by the donor.
Willis, I. D.: Collection of 10 leaflets concerning Canada's war effort and
its purpose by the donor and others. xxii PUBLIC ARCHIVES
Index Division
D'Entremont, H. Leander:   "Historical Genealogy of Acadian Families."
[Newspaper clippings.]
Doncaster, P. E.: Two biographical sketches of Frank Maberly 1845-1928.
Map Division
Curry, Lieut.-Col. F. C: "Old Fort Carlton [Fort Haldimand, Carleton I.,
N.Y.], Drawn on the Ground. S.W.D. Del". (Photostat copy of
map in Second Edition of Haddoch's "Souvenir of the Thousand
Islands" 1896.)
Leechman, D.: Photostat enlargement from the Archaeological map of
Ontario, Appendix to the Report of the Minister of Education, Province
of Ontario (1906).
Petersen, Charles E.: Map showing St. Louis, Carondelet and their dependencies, adapted from Hutawa's Atlas of St. Louis County (1847).
Minnesota Historical Society (through Dr. Lawrence J. Burpee): David
Thompson's field maps of surveys (photostat copies of originals in
Minnesota Historical Society), Cypress Lake to Lake of the Woods,
July 7-17, 1823 (76 sheets) and Fowl Carrying Place to White or
Basswood Lake, July 3-9, 1823 (17 sheets).
Division of Technical Services
Badgley, Mrs. G. W.: Uniform of the 68th Mississquoi Volunteers; uniform
of the Montreal Royal Regiment.
Borden, The estate of Sir Robert L.: Caskets containing addresses from
the cities of: Glasgow, 1912; Bristol, 1915; London, 1915; Cardiff, 1918;
Manchester, 1917; Edinburgh, 1917; The Worshipful Company of
Leathersellers, 1912; Memorial address, Metropolitan Borough of
Hackney in the County of London; Album of photographs: H6pital
des Municipalities Canadiennes, Paris, 1915.
Canadian Kodak Company, Toronto: Original Kodachrome motion picture
story of the visit of Their Majesties King George and Queen Elizabeth
to Canada and the United States in 1939.
Coots, W. S.: Steel dies for a medal to commemorate the War of 1812-14,
proposed by the Loyal and Patriotic Society of Toronto.
National Defence, Department of: Four Order Boards for sentries from
the Toronto Scottish and Quebec 22nd Regiments on duty at Buckingham Palace during the present war. APPENDIX
CALENDAR OF SERIES Q
A series of State Papers composed of the official correspondence of the governors, lieutenant-governors,
administrators and other officials of Quebec and Lower
and Upper Canada for the years 1760-1841.
(A continuation of the calendar the last issue of which appeared in the Report
for 1902.) FOREWORD
The State Papers calendared in the present appendix are designated as
Series Q. at the Public Archives, Ottawa, and as Series CO. 42 at the Public
Record Office, London. They comprise 431 volumes and extend from 1760 to
1840 for Quebec and Lower Canada, and from 1791 to 1841 for Upper Canada.
Vols. 1-246, covering the years 1760-1838 for Quebec and Lower Canada,
and Vols. 278-395, covering the years 1791-1836 for Upper Canada, were
calendared under the first Dominion Archivist, Douglas Brymner. As successive
parts of the calendar were completed, they were published as appendices to the
annual reports of the Archives from 1890 to 1902.
After Dr. Brymner's death, the work was discontinued and the remaining;
volumes of the series, Vols. 246, pt. 2 to 277 (1838-1840) for Lower Canada
and Vols. 395 to 431 (1836-1841) for Upper Canada, were thus left uncalendared.
The work was resumed in 1937 and is now complete. Beginning with the present
instalment the calendar will be published in the successive annual reports.
The following list is appended to indicate the periods covered by the volumes J
already calendared and also the reports in which the relevant calendars will be
found:
Quebec and Lower Canada:
Vols. 1- 57 (1760-1800) Calendared in I,
" 58- 84 (1791-1800)
I 85-106 (1795-1807)
I 107-124 (1807-1813)
" 125-148 (1813-1818)
I 149-167 (1818-1823)
" 168-186 (1824-1828)
| 187-200 (1828-1831)
" 201-225 (1831-1835)
" 226-241 (1836-1838)
|   242-246 (1831-1838)
rt for 1890, pp. 1-325.
1891, pp. 1-200.
1892, pp. 153-285.
1893, pp. 1-119.
18S6, pp. 1-252.
1897, pp. 253-395.
1898, pp. 397-580.
1899, pp. 581-712.
1900, pp. 715-912.
1901, pp. 913-1042.
1902, pp. 1043-1109.
Upper Canada:
Vols. 278-290 (1791-1801) Calendared in Report for 1891, pp. 1-177.
"   291-310 (1801-1807) " " 1892, pp. 286-399.
I   311-317 (1808-1813) " " 1893, pp. 1-50.
"   318-324 (1813-1818) " " 1896, pp. 1-79.
|   325-334 (1818-1823) " " 1897, pp. 81-179
I   335-350 (1824-1828) " " 1898, pp. 181-329.
I   351-358 (1829-1831) " " 1899, pp. 331-390.
I   359-373 (1824-1832) not calendared.*
"   374-388 (1832-1836) Calendared in Report for 1900, pp. 391-540.
I   389-395 (1818-1836) " " 1901, pp. 541-601.
The present appendix resumes the calendar for Lower Canada where it v
stopped in 1902, and begins with Vol. 242B.
*Vols. 359-373 are composed of correspondence and papers relating to the Canada Company of Upper
Canada, while Vols. 371A, 372A and 373A are letter-books containing despatches from the Colonial \
Office to the Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada.   The calendar covering these volumes will be published at the head of the calendar of the outstanding State Papers relating to Upper Canada. SERIES Q
LOWER  CANADA
Series Q. Vols. 242, pts. 1-4 and Q. Vol. 242A
These volumes are calendared in the Archives Report for 1902,
pp. 1044-1075. This explains why the present calendar begins
with Vol. 242B.
Series Q. Vol. 242B
DRAFTS OF DESPATCHES, 1837
This volume contains final drafts of despatches 1 January to
30 June, 1837, from the Secretary of State to the Governor-in-Chief
of Lower Canada. These despatches (with the exceptions calendared
below) are to be found in /Series G, Vols. 33-34, and are calendared in
the Report for 1931.
1837
Glenelg to Gosford, No.  178.    Transmits copy of a circular February v.
despatch  directing governors  of British  North America to  issue   owmng i
notice that after 1 June next no land will be sold under the present
system of instalments, but that ten per cent must be deposited at the
time of sale and the remainder within fourteen days on pain of
forfeiture of deposit.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 42
Glenelg to Gosford, private and confidential. States that he is ^Sngsi
sending by a vessel from Liverpool several papers in further explanation of his private letter of 18 February. These include a copy
of the resolutions to be moved by Russell, a minute showing what
is meant by these resolutions so far as they concern the relations of
the Legislative and Executive Councils, the Civil List, and the
regulations to be provided for matters of common concern to the
two Canadas. As plans may be changed these documents should be
considered "strictly confidential". Trusts that there will be no
serious commotion or armed resistance, but for precaution will
probably strengthen the military force by the temporary addition
of two regiments, and the Inconstant will be in the St. Lawrence as
soon as navigation opens. A public despatch on this subject will
follow. [See Glenelg to Gosford, No. 185, of 11 March and its
enclosure in G. 33, p. 154.] P- 52
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 191.    Transmits copy of a letter of %%*£st
8 August, 1836, from R. A. Light on the charges brought by Maria
Monk against the ecclesiastics of the convent of the Hotel Dieu at PUBLIC ARCHIVES Q. 242B
Montreal. Requests that he communicate with the Roman Catholic
bishop at Quebec with a view to securing a searching enquiry on the
spot; and, if the charges are substantiated, punishment of the crimes
should be inflicted.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 68
Glenelg to Gosford, private and confidential. States that since
writing his last private letter he has found that to send the proposed
two additional regiments would cause extreme inconvenience. A
demonstration might cause greater evil than these troops could
prevent. Two or three thousand troops are now in Nova Scotia and
New Brunswick. These, in case of need, could be drawn upon.
Encloses letter to Sir C. Campbell of 22 March, which he may
send if necessary. Sir Colin will then immediately despatch troops.
Sir Francis Head should be kept informed of proceedings and intentions. Consideration of the Canada resolutions will be resumed
as soon as possible after Easter.    [Enclosure not at this place.]   p. 70
Glenelg to  Gosford,  private and  confidential.    Acknowledges
private and confidential letter of 8 March with sincere thanks for
its full and clear statement of the present state of affairs.    Although
declining to act at once on its recommendations he implies not the
slightest disapprobation of their transmission.    They are additional
proof that Gosford has never left any constitutional means untried
in attempting to mitigate  conditions in the province.    The sole
ground for refusal is the necessity of considering all aspects of the I
problem at once when the full report of the commissioners had been
received.    Time   for   such   consideration   has   now   arrived.    Will
advise an addition to the Legislative Council "by a careful selection
of men of Property, character, and influence in the Province, of
liberal views and entitled to the respect or confidence of the Public". .
These should not hold to extreme opinions.    Hopes that many who
have expressed such are not really disposed thereto.    Prepared also
to sanction a reconstruction of the Executive Council when the resolutions have been passed by Parliament.    Requests the names referred
to in Gosford's postscript.    Hopes soon to be able to transmit the I
necessary authority for summoning additional members to the councils.;!
Government has regretted the necessity of seeking such Parliamentary f
action.    Has wished to concede to the Assembly whatever is not
inconsistent with the integrity of the Empire.    Trusts that it may
hereafter be possible to convince the province of the earnest desire;
of the Imperial Government to promote provincial welfare and to.;
meet the deliberate wishes of the inhabitants so far as these aref
compatible  with relations  to  this  country.    Urges  great  caution;
to avoid widening differences and relies on Gosford's continued good
judgment. p. 97
Glenelg to Gosford, private. Acknowledges despatch No. 141
of 3 April, reporting the appointment of Mr. de St. Ours to succeed
L. Gugy in the shrievalty of Montreal. Approves the selection but
unwilling to confirm it until after the passing by Parliament of the
act respecting Lower Canada. To remove grounds of complaint
Mr. de St. Ours should resign as legislative councillor. p. 108
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 220. Acknowledges despatch No. 48
of 1 May with reference to the outrage committed in October, 1835,
in the vicinity of Indian Stream Settlement, by an armed party of
American citizens.    Had already received from Lord Palmerston Q. 242B
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1941
copy of the despatch of H. S. Fox, British Minister at Washington,       1837
with its voluminous enclosures.    Trusts soon to be able to send
definite  instruction.    Meantime the  spirit  of the instructions  of
12 December, 1835, should be followed. p. 140
Glenelg to Gosford, private and confidential. Acknowledges Jxm> a.
the private and confidential letter of 6 May. Rejoices that the DoTOlin*st-
necessity for augmenting the forces is not anticipated. Agrees it is
inexpedient to make any unnecessary demonstration, and hopes that
Gosford's anticipation of undisturbed continuance of good order
may be realized. Has not yet received the list of names promised in
the letter of 8 March. This must be received before definitive
instructions can be issued. Precarious health of the King has
delayed the bill relating to Lower Canada. Cannot at the moment
add to what he wrote on 22 May. Believes Gosford exercised a
sound discretion in making a loan to relieve distress. Feels assured
that his motives will be appreciated by the Legislature. p. 142
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 228. Acknowledges despatch No. 148, June29,
of 1 May. Transmits copy of a letter sent to the Under Secretary Downul«St-
of State for Foreign Affairs in reference to the outrage committed
within the Canadian frontier by citizens of New Hampshire in October,
1835, and of a despatch by H. S. Fox to Palmerston. The former
will explain his views. Her Majesty's Government is anxious to
preserve good relations with the United States. Gosford should,
therefore, while resisting any invasion of British or disputed territory
take the utmost care that his troops should not cross the frontier.
Preferable to use regulars. Believes Gosford is fully sensible of this
need for caution. No extreme measures should be used until all
others are exhausted. Her Majesty's Government would regard
with "the most extreme displeasure" any act that might be construed
as an attack on the citizens of New Hampshire. On any question
that would seem to require the interference of the central government
of the United States he should communicate with the British Minister
at Washington. Has already given the Government's decision on
the Quebec and St. Andrews' railroad.    [Enclosure not at this place.]
p. 158
Series Q. Vol. 242C
DRAFTS OF DESPATCHES, 1837
This volume contains final drafts of despatches, 1 July to 31
December, 1837, from the Secretary of State to the Governor-m-
Chief of Lower Canada. These despatches (with the exceptions
calendared below) are to be found in Series G, Vols. 35-37, and are
calendared in the Report for 1931.
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 232. Transmits, with further reference g^ S{
to No 228 of 29 June, a copy of a letter from the Under Secretary ot
State for Foreign Affairs of 27 June and the answer returned on
3 July on the instructions to be issued to the British Minister at
Washington on the outrage of October, 1835. [Enclosure not at
this place.] 1837
July 6,
Downing St:
PUBLIC ARCHIVES Q. 242C
Glenelg to Gosford, private. Refers to his previous despatch,
No. 225 of 29 June, regretting that although the vote of credit has
been passed he had no opportunity of sending instructions arising
therefrom by the present mail. This is not yet law because the
Appropriation Act has not passed. p. 8
Glenelg to Gosford, private and confidential. States that he
has this day sent a public despatch on the Executive Council of
-Lower Canada. In spite of Gosford's extreme solicitude for an
improved composition of the Council and the urgency of the matter
he has omitted to send the list of names promised in the postscript to
his private and confidential despatch of 8 March. As Gosford has
likely forgotten he will not longer postpone his decision and sends it
in his public despatch. It may be difficult to select nine new councillors. Hopes he will select men who do not hold extreme opinions
and yet those who have liberal views and possess, if not popularity,
at least a general and well founded respect. Without receiving final
advice he cannot hazard the actual appointment of any of those on
the list Gosford has previously supplied. p. 34
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 246. Transmits, with further reference
to his despatch of 30 June, copy of a further letter from Lord Fitz-
roy Somerset [Secretary at the Horse Guards] relative to a land
claim of Private J. Costello of the 66th Foot. The principle laid
down in his previous despatch of 2 November, 1835, seems to apply.
[Enclosure not at this place.] p. 55
Glenelg to Gosford, secret and confidential. States the anxiety
with which events in Lower Canada are being watched. Recent
news more favourable. Hopes that at least there will be no armed
defiance. As time will work improvement he rejoices that the
Home Government has been obliged to postpone intended coercion
and adopt the temporary expedient of a loan. This should not imply
government repentance or misgiving on policy which it was obliged
to take. The interval should be used to alleviate the situation and
make possible a later permanent settlement. Now writes "without
the slightest reserve". Letter is intended for himself alone and is
"strictly confidential". The Assembly was to have met on
18 August and will now have decided either to vote or withhold supplies.
If the former it will be easy to offer concessions without having
motives misconstrued. Knowledge of the loan and of the change to
be made in the Executive Council, the likelihood of changes in the
Legislative Council, and the accession of the new Sovereign "under
circumstances particularly interesting and auspicious," should I
together have had a favourable effect. If the Assembly has either
refused to meet or having met have refused supplies he presumes that
Gosford will have drawn the sums necessary to pay arrears and have
dissolved the Assembly. This will have indicated British authority
and left the Governor free to adopt a conciliatory course.
Constitution of the Legislative Council will be the major problem. Neither nomination for life nor election will now suffice.
Several other courses: (1) Roebuck's scheme to amalgamate the two I
Councils, a constitutional form prevalent in other British colonies,
but to give the Council no legislative power. (2) Legislative coun- I
cillors might be appointed during pleasure. This would likely mean
tenure during good behaviour and therefore may take the present Q. 242C
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1
system. Otherwise the Government would be virtually responsible 1837
for each councillor. (3) The Legislative Council might be summoned
tor each provincial parliament. (4) Each councillor might be
appointed for a fixed term of years. As a variant of this these might
be made to retire in regular rotation with the whole membership
changed every four or eight years, as is done in the court of directors
of the East India Company. This might be advantageous if it were
understood that no reason need be assigned for failure to reappoint.
Asks for Gosford's serious consideration on these or other schemes
for improving the effectiveness of the Council. This should be considered not only in relation to abstract merits but the likelihood of
the scheme being favourably accepted, not so much by temporary
and accidental impulses of the moment as by "those abiding impressions which give a colour or bias to the national will". Gives
advantages and disadvantages of each of the above proposals. Before
taking action Parliament would need to be assured that the scheme
had the support of those persons in Lower Canada by whom public
opinion is influenced. Urges that without delay Gosford should
sound out such persons. This will be a delicate task but he trusts in
Gosford's ability and judgment. He should not pledge the Government beyond their desire for permanent improvement of the welfare
of the province. Some may be told that the principle of an elective
council is altogether inadmissible. Useless to expect much from
those who have organized the recent agitation, although even among
these there may be found some who can be approached with a view
to conciliation. The only support such can expect is the precarious
aid that may come from the neighbouring Republic. Even success
with such aid would not mean elimination. The British Government
is disposed to admit "the conspicuous and more worthy leaders of
the French party to a just and ample share in all the honors or emoluments to which the Public men in Lower Canada can aspire." He
may be able to win even men of the extreme party. Must leave
details to the Governor's judgment in this arduous and delicate task.
If, however, he judges that any move by the Government would at
the moment be likely to revive the notion of vacillation and timidity
on the part of the Government he should ignore all the above suggestion rather than throw everything again into disorder "disgusting the
English constituents, disheartening the loyal French, especially the
Clergy and emboldening the Papineau faction". p. 86
Glenelg to Gosford, private. Requesting that the bearer, gaBB
J. W. Cowell, be given assistance in becoming acquainted with the
state of the currency and of the banking establishments of British
North America, as the Government wishes to have his opinions
thereon. Mr. Cowell proceeds to the United States "charged by
the Bank of England with important duties respecting their interests
in that country." P- 121
Glenelg to Gosford, No. 269. Acknowledges despatch No. 79 JHH
of 4 August, and discusses the problem of providing remuneration
for the past and future services of the judge and other officers of the
Court of Vice-Admiralty. Present situation unchanged since June,
1832 The local legislature might be asked to establish a table of
fees or to provide salaries, or by the assumption of power vested m
the Queen in Council by 2 William IV, cap. 51. Difficulties involved
in these proposals. The establishment of a tariff of fees by British
statute was bound to be objected to as denying recent pledges against PUBLIC ARCHIVES Q. 242C
encroachment. The Order-in-Council was really objected to in a
petition of merchants. Such fees might be defended by many valid
arguments, but it would be particularly impolitic to begin such
argument at present. Should the local legislature refuse to establish
fees these might be levied ad hoc on the litigants. Otherwise the j
Court might be abolished. The British Government has no source
of revenue from which such court salaries might be secured. As
judge and officers assumed office with neither expressed nor implied ■
promise of salaries they cannot validly claim remuneration for past
services. P- 123 I
Glenelg to Sir John Colborne, private.    States that he sends
today a public despatch on the use of volunteers in case of need. I
In calling on volunteers it will be particularly important not to let the I
situation develop into an armed conflict between classes within the '..
province.    He should take care to retain command of such volunteers
and suggests that they be not used on active service, allowing the
regular force to do any necessary fighting.    Volunteers should only
be organized under regular officers.    Col. D. MacDougall, late of the
79th  has  volunteered  to  organize  such  force.    Other  officers  in
England would also give aid.    But the Commander-in-Chief advises
that this be left in Colborne's hands.    He may ask for aid of individual officers.    Pecuniary arrangements not settled, but he should .V
not delay any necessary movements for lack of funds.    Hopes he has
secured the services of gentlemen as stipendiary magistrates, p. 165
Glenelg to Colborne, private. Advises that he has placed under
cover the following: To Colborne, No. 1, and private of 6 December;
to Gosford, Nos. 281 and 285, and separate of 27 November. These
should be given to Gosford if he is still actively administering the
government. p. 169
Glenelg to Colborne, confidential. Transmits copy of a letter
from the Foreign Office with an enclosed communication from the
British Consul at Mobile, relative to the shipment of arms through
the United States to Lower Canada. Statements not yet confirmed
but all precautions are to be taken.  [Enc. not at this place.]    p. 173
Glenelg to Officer Administering, No. 292. Acknowledges
Gosford's despatch No. 107 of 23 October, enclosing a memorial from
the judges of the courts of Queen's Bench in Lower Canada relative
to their tenure and remunerations. His Majesty's Government
possesses no immediate means of complying with the requests made
but will take the earliest opportunity to aid in securing the independence of the judges and if possible retiring allowances.        p. 197
Glenelg to Officer Administering, No. 293. Transmits copy of a
letter from Mrs. Catherine Gordon charging the Deputy Surveyor
General, J. Bouchette, Jr., with a gross attempt at extortion. This
letter should be shown to Bouchette and an explanation demanded
from him.    [Enclosure not at this place.] p. 199 I 246, pt. 2
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1941
Series Q. Vols. 243 pts. 1-2
" "   244   "  1-2
I "   245   "  J-J
" "   246 pt.  1
These volumes are calendared in the Archives Report for 1902.
pp. 1075-1109.
Series Q. Vol. 246, pt. 2
EARL OF DURHAM, 1838 Ma,
Glenelg   to   Earl   of   Durham,   [Governor   General]   No.   35. Do1
[Printed.]    Requests recommendation with reference to the claim of
the B.N.A. Land Company for an alteration in their original agreement of December, 1833.    Transmits copy of the company's letter
of 3 February, 1838, and a company resolution of 6 April, 1838.
p. 359
Enclosed:
(1) G. R. Robinson, for the B.N.A. Land Company, to Glenelg,
3 February, 1838, outlining the case for the company with analytical
financial statement. p. 359 (a)
(2) Sir George Grey [Under Secretary] to G. R. Robinson,
Downing St., 30 March, 1838. The Treasury has agreed to a relaxation of the conditions imposed on the B.N.A. Land Company.
p. 361
(3) Henry P. Bruyeres [Secretary] to Grey, B.N.A. Land Company Office, 6 April, 1838, enclosing a unanimous resolution of the
company's directors. p. 361
Sub-enclosure:
Resolution of the Proprietors of the B.N.A. Land Company,
6 April, 1838. p. 361 (a)
Arthur to Durham, No. 4. Refers to his previous despatch, J™
No. 3, of 18 June expressing solicitude for the maintenance of a
respectable militia force in Upper Canada for some time to come.
Six enclosures dealing with events during the last two days on the
Niagara frontier verify his previous impressions. These describe
a rebel raid at Pelham where cavalry was quartered. Possible that
this band was made up both of returned malcontents and insurgents
who have never left the province. "The country in the rear of
Chippawa and Drummondville is known to abound with malcontents." Durham will already have received a memorandum by
General Brady. Every day brings word that "a general movement,
in numerous detached parties is intended against the Province.
Wishes the province might have some military works, larger supplies
of arms, and better artillery equipment. Believes, however, that he
can repel any hostile attempt and that he will receive all possible aid Castle of
St. Louis,
Quebec.
PUBLIC ARCHIVES Q. 246, pt. 2
from the Commander of the Forces. P.S. As a representation from
Lord Durham will come to the American Government with greater
force he has himself made no such representation. [For enclosures
see Durham to Glenelg, No. 19, of 29 June, below.] p. 191
Extract from the Quebec Gazette of 28 June, 1838, giving notice,
in French, of the appointment of the Special Council and listing
names. P- 217
Quebec Gazette of 28 June,  1838, containing "An Ordinance to
provide for the security of the Province of Lower Canada."    [Not I
transcribed, but see enclosure (1) in Durham to Glenelg, No. 18, of
29   June,   1838,   below.] p. 215
Copy, in French, of the above Ordinance.
p. 217
Quebec Gazette of 28 June, 1838, containing "An Ordinance for
establishing an efficient system of Police in the cities of Quebec and
Montreal." [Not transcribed, but see enclosure (2) in Durham to
Glenelg, No. 18, 29 June, 1838, below.] p. 216
Proclamation by Durham of 28 June, 1838.    [In French.]
p. 227
Durham to Glenelg, No. 18. [Printed.] Recounts measures
taken to deal with the cases of political prisoners and those who had
fled from the Province. Explains the considerations by which he
was governed. Transmits copies of two Ordinances, and the Proclamation which it was necessary to issue. p. 204
Enclosed:
(1) Ordinance, 2 Vict., cap. 1.    [Printed.] p. 205
(2) Ordinance, 2 Vict., cap. 2.    [Printed.] p. 205
(3) Proclamation of 28 June, 1838.    [Printed.] p. 207
Durham to Lord Glenelg, No. 19. [Printed.] Transmits
extract of a despatch from Sir George Arthur, Lieutenant-Governor:
of Upper Canada, as a result of which he has sent the 43rd Regiment to'
Upper Canada, and has despatched a vessel to Halifax to bring up
the 93rd Regiment for service in Lower Canada. p. 188
Enclosed:
(1) Arthur to Durham, Toronto, 22 June, 1838. [Printed
extract.]    [Calendared above.] p. 188
(2) Major and Colonel H. D. Townshend, to Col. F. Halkett,
[Assistant Military Secretary], Drummondville, 21 June, 1838.
[Printed.] p. 188
(3) Same to same, same date.    [Printed.] p. 188
(4) Statement by Major J. Eliot, Drummondville, 20 June, 1838.
[Printed.] p. 188
(5) Deposition by Robert Doan, Cook's Mills, 20 June, 1838.
[Printed.] p. 189 Q. 246, pt. 2
REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1941
(6) Lt. James Magrath, Jr., to Townshend, St. John. [21 June,       1838
1838.]    [Printed.] p. 18^
(7) Capt. John H. Palmer to Halkett, Queenston, 21 June, 1838.
[Printed.] p. 189
Durham to Glenelg, No. 19.    [Printed.]    Transmits copy of a Sjt*
commission of inquiry into Crown Lands and of a circular despatch      M'
to  provincial  Lieutenant-Governors  directing them to  issue  like
commissions, and discusses the need of an energetic policy of immigration, p. 234
Enclosed:
(1) Commission of Inquiry, 18 June, 1838.    [Printed.]       p. 234
(2) Durham to Lieut-Governors, Quebec, 18 June, 1838.
[Printed.] p. 235
Glenelg to Durham, No. 34. Transmits copies of addresses June so,
from Legislative Council and House of Assembly of Upper Canada owmn,St:
requesting that the surplus revenue from the post office of the province
be surrendered to the Provincial Legislature, and that 2\ per cent
ad valorem on all goods imported into Lower Canada be applied to
the interest on the debt of Upper Canada incurred in public works.
Addresses have been referred to the Treasury. The answer from
that Department is enclosed. Recommends the consideration of
addresses and Treasury report thereon. Arthur has been asked to
aid Durham by giving information on this subject. p. 239
Enclosed:
(1) Sir Francis Bond Head [Lieut.-Gov. of Upper Canada] to
Glenelg, Toronto, 12 March, 1838, enclosing two joint addresses of
Legislative Council and House of Assembly on post office revenue
and a proposed duty on imports into Lower Canada. p. 241
(2) Joint request to Head to present two joint addresses to the
Queen. p. 242
(3) Joint address on post office revenues in Upper Canada,
signed in the Assembly, 26 February and in the Council 28 February,
1838. P- 243
(4) Joint address on the proposed imposition of a duty of 2\
per cent ad valorem on goods entering Lower Canada, to help meet
interest charges on Upper Canadian debt for public works.      p. 243
(5) A. Y. Spearman [Assistant Secretary, Treasury] to J. Stephen,
Treasury Chamber, 13 June, 1838, commenting on the two joint
addresses of the Upper Canadian Legislature.    [Printed.]      p. 243 (a)
Durham to Glenelg, No. 20.    [Printed.]    Transmits memorial $*&;
from the trustees and elders of St. Andrew's Church, Quebec,    p. 246
Enclosed:
Memorial requesting a government grant to the Scottish Church
of Lower Canada.    [Printed.] P- 246 PUBLIC ARCHIVES Q. 246, pt. 2
Glenelg to Durham, No. 63. [Extract. Printed.] Acknowledges despatches Nos. 1-4, reporting his assumption of office and
subsequent events. Approves of his proclamation on assuming
office. p. 243 (a)
Durham to Glenelg, separate. Transmits a requisition- for
stationery. p. 251
Requisition.
. 254
Q,ybee' Durham to Glenelg, No. 21.    [Printed.]   States that H.M.S.
Vestal left that day with the state prisoners for Bermuda. Durham
intends leaving today with Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget for
Upper Canada. Lt.-Gen. Sir John Colborne [Commander of the
Forces], left on 2 July and will meet Durham in Montreal or Kingston.
p. 250
o,yrlo- Durham to Glenelg, N