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BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

The British Columbian and Victoria guide and directory, for 1863, under the patronage of His Excellency… Howard, Frederick P.; Barnett, George, active 1868 1863

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Array  The University of British Columbia Library
THE
CHUNG
COLLECTION

JOHN T. LITTLE,

IB
AND DEALER IN
9
AND
GENERAL   MERCHANDISE,
CITY  WHARF.
§T@K&@g &N© WHARFAGE AT ©«RREfoT R&TiS.
E. DEYILLERS,
MERCHANT,
(J) QMS
3t> JQ3
9
AND
GENERAL   IRONMONGERY,
88 GOVERNMENT STREET,
Opposite St. Nicholas Hotel. 3S5S"
VICTOEIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
ARDWARE SH)RE
FELLOWS & EDSCOE,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
H
STOYES AND TIN WARE,
Oixtlery   and    UPlatecl   Ware.
This Capacious and First Class Hotel, is now
open for the accommodation of the public.
There is connected with the Hotel
A LARGE PUBLIC RESTAURANT,
And  A  LADIES'  ORDINARY.
PEIVATE KOOMS AND SUITS OF KOOlll
^ | J^";.ylH ;Z:____::u_^c__
IEON and STEEL, of all descriptions and sizes.
No. 7, COMMERCIAL ROW,
Wharf Street, Victoria.
N. C. MATHIESSEN.        P. MATHIESSEN.        II. VALENTINER.
ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL,
No. Ill Government Street.
m.
4
Wm ■!
■'■i»&J'C\'
mm1 VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
fc£? PIEKCE & SEYMOUK,
JBIRCXA-iD Ji.l&JD^rJ^'T ES STREETS,
ff YKTOWA, 9 X«
Keep constantly on hand and for sale a large and general Assortment of
ANI>    BEDDING,
faM Maw, P^ and Mtt,
38
Hal
11 ii & iyijs>Ji'J
•7^3   Government   Street,
-m. OPPOSITE  BANK OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA.
LEWIS DAVIS,  -   -   - Proprietor.
rat uraim siitii
AND
BILLIAEM*   SALOON.
P, MANETTA, Proprietor.
<Ck<^      "iJP,.£X Co-^>5~sR
©^H^liSm
1 ;-»-*~---    -■■ VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
IIP
mmi *a & m
BIW
View Street, between Broad and Doug-las Streets,
VICTORIA, TT.   I.
This elegant Brick Hotel is now open for the accommodation of the Public.
)3@=.The Proprietor having engaged the services of a
superior French Cook, the Culinary department cannot
be surpassed.
Breakfast from 7 A. M., to 1 P. M.
Table D'Hote, 5 to 7 P. M.
■er SUITS   OF   ROOMS   AND   SINGLE  ROOMS
ON reasonable terms.
JDLJ
ifP
E
P 1
uf1!*?
63   Government   Street.
JOHN BIGNE & CO.,
Proprietors.
33 Government Street, South, Victoria, V. I.
Jggg'KBest Burton Ale and London Porter in Bottles and on
Draught, (Imperial measure.)
Private Sitting Rooms, Single and Double-bedded Rooms comfortably furnished.
An Ordinary daily at 5.30 P. M.
J. H. HESSELTINE, ) Prom,ietorg
A. M. HARRIS, J -fropr|©iors.
2§yp p# •
m
/
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
EBEKHARDT'S HOTEL,
LA.ISTGTLEY   STREET,
VICTORIA, V. I.
I. EBERHARDT, Proprietor.
WW
JUL liNTD HOTEIii
129  GOVERNMENT  STREET,
Between Yates and Johnson, adjoining Pattrick's,
Victoria,   "V.    I.
BOARD by the Day, Week or Month.   Accommodations for
Seventy-five Lodgers.
BROWN & CRASWELL, Proprietors.
.&»
M
m
|feg  ESQUIMALT,   V. I.
The above HOTEL, conducted on the most improved principles, is situated immediately adjoining the Wharf, from which all
the California and Mail Steamships arrive and depart.
The Lodging apartments are Handsomely Furnished.
WILLIAMS & SELLECK, Proprietors.
Corner Johnson Street and Oriental Alley.
THOS. J. BURKES, Proprietor.
N. B. First Class Ales, Wines and Spirits, to be had at the Bar.
>€* VICTORIA   ADVERTISEMENTS.
TUB
VANCOUVER COAL MIIIM CO.,
LIMITED.
Incorporated under the Joint Stock Companies' Acts, 1856 and
1857, whereby the Liabilities of the Shareholders are limited
to the amount of their Shares.
CAPITAL, £100,000 in 10,000 Shares of $10 Each.
DEPOSIT   £1  per  Share on application,  and £1   10s.  on Allottment.
DIRECTORS.
Hon. Mr. JUSTICE HALIBURTON, M.P., Chairman of the
Canadian Land and Emigration Company.
GEORGE CAMPBELL, Esq., (H. N. Dickson & Co., London;
Dickson, Campbell & Co., Victoria, V. I.; Dickson, DeWolf & Co.,
San Francisco.)
Hon. C. W. WENTWORTH EITZWILLIAM, M.P., Alwal-
ton, Peterborough.
JOSEPH FRY, Esq., (Messrs. Trueman'& Fry, Gresham
House) Director of the Canada Agency Associations.
JAMES V. H. IRWIN, Esq., F.R.G.S., 7 Hereford Square,
South Kensington.
PRIDEAUX SELBY, Esq., 4 Lowndes Street, Director of the
Canada Agency Association.
Solicitors—Messrs. Fresheields & Newman, Bank Buildings.
Bankers—Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock & Co., London; The
Chartered Bank op British Columbia and Vancouver Island,
Victoria.
Broker—C. W. Price, Esq., 54 Threadneedle Street.
Secretary—H. Winfield Grace, Esq.
Offices—16 Gresham House, Old Broad Street.
Resident Manager at Nanaimo—C. J. NICHOL, Esq.
MCKSOIV, CAMPBELL & CO., Agents, Wharf St.
DICKSON, CAMPBELL & CO.,
WmM
PP
STORE   STREET,   VICTORIA.
H. N. DICKSON & CO., 3 George Yard, Lombard Street, London.
DICKSON, DE WOLF & CO., San Francisco.
4 Wk'
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
THOMAS GOLDEN,
V   ^^L  >&   J
Corner Government and Fort Streets,
VICTORIA,  V. I.
Til IDENTICAL SALOON
MASON & BALLS, Proprietors.
COR. WHARF AND YATES STREETS,
VICTORIA,   'V-   I.
THE  BEST OF  LIQUORS CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
T. B. WILLIAMS,
&
AI
<K\W
^tit i
No. 19 FORT STREET,
VIOTOEIA,   "V.   I.
PERRETT & TIGHE, Proprietors.
Cor. Yates and Waddington Streets,
VICTORIA,  V. I.
^5
DS^A Large Assortment of ALES,   WINES and   SPIRITS,   of  the best
Brands, constantly on hand.
-sa. VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
I BILL'S HIA® TA¥I1] .
YATES   STREET.
JACOB FRANCIS, Proprietor.
CEp-This well known Establishment still holds its reputation for keeping the
best brands of
ALES,   WIFE8   AIB   SPIHITS
IMPORTED  TO   THE   COLONY.
HUGH FOSTER,
MM
Corner of Johnson and Store Streets.
MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT EVERY EVENING "FREE."
WI¥ES,  LIQUOBS  AM). CIGAK8
Of the Choicest Brands, at the Bar.
EUGENE   THOMAS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
HI
W.
mik & m&h
> a a a v*f «».
YATES   STREET.
G. W. BOARDMAN,
^ciA&a ?
K\*C
Ml
*»
YATES   STREET. mWlW'LI»>,-Wm.!V'Mgp,^-%
10
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
THOMAS PATTRICK & CO.
Importers and Dealers in
®sn
SfSHfl®, IIFlBlIfi
AND MALT LIQUORS,
Corner Government and Johnson Streets.
fir Ml ®Jm TO J" JIL    85 JRk J?U kvj W TO
ESTABLISHED   IN   l®S8.Jw»     1 V-
&tl   f^   /A The Undersigned informs his numerous patrons
^v      and the public generally that he has received by recent
?yr?p arrivals direct from England, a selection of CHOICE
•%"*
Irish & Scotch Whiskey, Alsopp's Ale on draught,
BYAS and HIBBERT'S PORTER, in Bottles;
Also, a Choice Article of BOURBON WHISKEY direct from San
Francisco, Cal.
IRISH and SCOTCH HOT WHISKEY PUNCHES and TOM AND
JERRYS Made to Ordek.
Every honest working man who may favor me with his patronage, may depend
upon getting a glass of good Liquor in my Saloon.
ERESH OYSTERS direct from Sooke always on hand.
T.   II.   MoCANN,   Proprietor.
sas8s
JSL
I>.    LENETEU,
Wharf  Street   and   Rousset's  Wharf.
Jbnr. Whart Street, Reid's Block,
IMPORTERS OF
Dt JB>flD
<&
.i
:cbi
I  WINES   AND   SPIRITS,
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Agents for Brands of the Choicest Champagne, Wines and Cognac.
G±.   VIGNOLO.
HE LOUDON BAKERY
AND
COFFEE SALOON.
m   ENGELL   &  YOUNG-,
11
C3-0"VEItlsr3Sw*IElSrT   STREET.
All kinds of Gakes and Confectionery supplied.
Wedding Cake made to Order at a Reasonable Rate.
BREAD DELIVERED TO FAMILIES IN ALL PARTS OF THE TOWN.
-it
Corner Government and Broughton Streets,
VICTORIA,   im   I.
Importers and  Manufacturers   of  all  kinds  of
m
J|% J*
kw
e h   W*^
Show Cases always on hand and made to order at San Francisco.
I i
12
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
cJ".      XL*a
DEALER IN
tS3GE3E!3E!,,X11   XRONf
And Manufacturer of Tin and Sheet Iron Ware,
YA.TES    STBEET,
^@°*Next Door to Webster Bros. Boot STORE.^jgg
WiGOI AID.
CARRIA0E
YATES SHEET, VICTORIA, V. L
opposite a. c. bailey's grocery store.
The Subscribers would intimate to their friends and the Public that they are
building and are prepared to manufacture every description of WAGONS and
CARRIAGES of the very best material.
[^REPAIRING done with Neatness and Dispatch.
HOESE-SHOEING promptly attended to.
BUINTTTTSrO   M   DODD.
WILLIAM H. H. TUCKER,
DEALER IN
gig W1MJ&5 & Sir ij
JNo.  >7&   YATES   STREET.
II
N. B.—All Liquors obtained at Tucker's Saloon can be depended on for quality.
A fine Bagatelle Table kept for the use of Guests.
THE    EIsJIFinB
i
in
GOThETfcNIMEINrT    STREET.
RANDALL 02ESAR, Proprietor. VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
13
Yates St., Victoria, Y. I.
Mpwte aii Beater m Iiglink ail Amerioan
SADDLERY,
Concord and Pennsylvania Harness, Aparejos,
Leather and Enameled Cloths always on hand.
E.   STEMMLEE.
J.  WEILEE.
Ac   OO.
ptflli SHADES, OIL CLOTH, CARPETS,
. wV^
Matting, Paper Hangings,
SPRING,   HAIR,   MOSS   AND   PULU   MATTRESSES,
Kept on hand and made to order.
Government   Street,   near   Fort.
St I
W.    JL .    o o o i* El ir, i
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Hi
A
IS^TEHOKC^^nSTT.
51  Government   Street,  Yictoria.
W
Corner of Port and Douglas Streets, Victoria.
Will always keep on hand, at Wholesale and Retail, a good supply of Fresh.
Beef, Mutton, Pork, Venison, and. all kinds of Game and
Vegetables, at  the Lowest Rates, Delivered EREE OE CHARGE
TO ALL PARTS  OF THE  ClTY.
SHETTLROE  & SHAW.
rrfilntr—- •    1
1
14
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
DEALER IN
Gentlemen's  Fashionable f,
CLOTHIFG-,    B
Shirts, Cravats, Gloves and Hosiery, French
and English Hats and Caps, Water-Proof
Clothing, Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings and
Tailor's Trimmings.   Clothing made to Order.
GOVERNMENT   STREET,
ffi^*Next Door to the Bank of British Columbia..^
WALLACE & STEWART,
MASS F©WI®I1S
AND   CAS   FITTERS.
Dealers in Gas Fittings, &c.       ^^H^B
Manufacturers of Gas, Steam and Water Cocks, Force Pumps, &c.
BRASS CASTINGS executed with Dispatch.
LANGLEY  STREET,  VICTORIA.
■EL J^n
^f^TWIBffi)
FAi    r IMF mIP IP ITU
GILDER,   &c.
106   YATES   ST.,   VICTORIA.
ai
mrs.  Mcdonald,
1!
m
AND
OYSTER^SALOON,
Government Street, -   - Opposite the Theatre.
HI! SUPPERS AT ALL HOURS OF THE NIGHT. VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
UEUftE.
WM, BURLINGTON SMITH,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
jfmip mil §mwtk Q$>xmxk%, § wfej<m&
AM® GEMMAE* ©l^SSM'l  STO&KI,
Purveyor to H. E. the Governor and to H. B. M. Navy,
Grovernmeiit  Street,   -   -   -  -  Victoria,  V.  I.
Office of SHOOL'S VICTORIA and ESQUIMALT EXPRESS.
EEHTassengers and Miners' Luggage Stored in our Fire-Proof Brick Building, at the low
charge of from 50 cts. to $1 a package for the period of six months. Insurance effected if
required.
THE COLONIAL RESTAURANT,
DiSlHOl BBIARD, Froprietor.
95  GOVERJSTMElSrT    STREET.
N. B.—ROOMS FOR PRIVATE DINNER PARTIES.
Government Street,
DEALER IN NEW AND SECOND HAND
CLOTHING,
Iiglslk Watc&es, Jewelry, ins, Pistols,
And a Variety of other Articles, which he offers at the Lowest
Prices for Cash.
AND WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
m&mii ami Giti»3 M t$,
69   GOVERNMENT   STREET,   VICTORIA. - - —— r~~-
*!
16
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
BB8  i»
liil OiWUi
EP<
If
ROPER    &    CO.
VICTORIA,   "V-   I.
THE LARGEST STOCK OP
ENGLISH HARDWARE
R:w KENT   &   PEOST'S,
Fort Street, corner Broad Street.
O.    J±.   BAYLEY,
HBSI1T 111 Fi«8I STOSS,
IRE3D   HOUSE,
CORNER BAYLEY AND YATES STREETS,
YICHrOBJA,   YATO0W3IE   IlE^TO.
f
*na saKery
MILLEK, YOGEL & CO.
M&&&Y MIS ttWSl SALOOH,
SO  GoTernment   Street,
OPPOSITE  ST.  NICHOLAS   HOTEL.J||§3
m VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
17
MRS.  F. PARKINSOF,
IMPORTER OE
WEI' Hill Mff
y&9
Corner  of Broad  and Yiew Streets,
VICTORIA,   "V.   I.
DEALER IN
$mmm mmumm mm, &«u
WHOLESALE  AND  EETAIL,
Government Street, between Yates and Fort Sts.
H. W. A. keeps always the best brands of Cigars and the finest Meerschaum
Pipes on hand.
WT\
IMPORTER OF
1
m
FISHING   TACKLE,   AMMUNITION,
And Sporting Articles of every Description,
1=1-   3F>.   V^HESAR,
wmMt^m&MT "&&&&&&,
No.  1 Wharf Street, Yictoria, Y. I.
GENTLEMEN'S CLOTHING MADE TO OEDEE
WITH LATEST  ENGLISH  STYLES.
Cleaning, Dyeing and Repairing promptly and neatly executed.
|@-CHAEGES   MODERATE. «®»
Z^g-.Vi     iO'~     •        '    "■' 18
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
r
w I
m
'9
70 Yates Street, (third door below Government,)
Has constantly on hand a large Assortment of
CLOTHS, CAS3IMEBJES & YESTINfiS,
Which he is prepared to make to order in the most approved Styles.    Also, a large Assortment of
Custom-made Clothing and Gent's Furnish'g Goods
ALWAYS  ON  HAND.
FGALLERY,
Victoria Theatre, Government Street.
Visiting Cards, Stereoscopic Views and Portraits,
Ambrotypes, Melaineotypes, Photographs
and Tinted Pictures
Executed in the BEST STYLE, and Artistically arranged.
ALL   WORK   GUARANTEED.
Albums, Frames and Cases in Great Yariety.
BBIDGE   WHARF
:\ rOL
#4
KAYANAGH & CO.
Beg to inform the inhabitants of Victoria that they have constantly
on hand
OAK AND PINE CORD WOOD
AND  THE
BEST NANAIMO COAL,
Which they will deliver Free op Charge to any part of the City. VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
19
THE REGENT
"KMMBf,
Fort   Street,    Victoria,   "V.   I.
GOOD SINGLE AND DOUBLE-BEDDED EOOMS
AT   MODERATE  CHARGES.
Gentlemen Boarded by the Week or Month.
CIGARS OF THE FINEST BRANDS.
J» TOT"*  X£L3E2a^rSI3E23E-t.*,
Yates Street, Yictoria,
hot a» iai i
IQi
TENTS apd BAGS always on hand.   MINERS'
HOSE made to order.
^"MATTRESSES, PILLOWS, and all kinds of  BEDDIXG,
SHEETS, PILLOW SLIPS, always on hand.
Hotels and Steamboats fitted up at short notice, and at reduced prices.
^m: woo,
THE LOID NELSON RESTAURANT
Travelers can  depend upon finding a good Meal at all
hours, and at the shortest notice.
^^ *
m
m
m
mmm
k\Mm
©
Proprietor of the SAMICH ROAD BRICKYARD.
Established   in  1858.
jf^r BUILDING AND PEESS BRICKS FOR SALE. 20
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL
BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE.
CIBCULATIl^G     LIBRARY
@F BStGMSH AH© FEBTOHi WQBKS.
Yates Street, opposite Bank of B.  N.  A.
Ifc.   BRODRICK,
COAL AND COMMISSION MERCHAt
ONION WHARF,-YICTOHIA, Y. I.
Jgggf0 Vessels' Cargoes discharged with accuracy and dispatch.
Goods Stored at Moderate Rates, and a GENERAL COMMISSION and FORWARDING BUSINESS TRANSACTED.
Ho. 6 ©rieatal
Cjjtap Jto0r ^wnfo-janfc €kt jtng,
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, REVOLVERS, KNIVES,
Watches, Chains, Rings, Pins, Brooches, <$-c.
Jggr-Go to E. Anderson's Miscellaneous Store where Articles
of almost every kind can be bought at the Lowest Price.
RICHARD LEWIS,
W   til
M
Ki
GOVERNMENT   STREET.
VICTORIA, V. I. Qi&i&t & Qt
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
21'
-ufi
1
Pliiff STIlS
WADDINGTON ST., VICTORIA, 1 I.
ESTABLISHED    1858.
The undersigned would most respectfully inform his numerous
patrons, and the public in general,, that by recent arrivals from
England he has received large additions to his extensive Stock.
rre
H
PLATED   'W.A.iR.IB,
H
Garden Utensils, Cross-Cut Saws, Axes, Hatchets, If ails,
Frying Pans, Curry Combs, Bolts, Lanterns, Brushes,
Tinware, Stoves, Tubs, Buckets, Washboards,
AND A GENEHAl A830BTMEKT "OF B^KLWABE
Also, a variety of Second-hand Goods too numerous to mention. AU of which will be sold in quantities to suit purchasers, CHEAP FOR CASH.
JggpHouse, Hotel Keepers and Miners fitting out for the winter
will find it to their advantage to give me a call before purchasing
elsewhere.
N. B.—Second-hand Goods Bought and Sold.
Persons breaking up housekeeping will find it their interest
to call on me before disposing of their wares.
JtglfOrders from British Columbia and Puget Sound promptly
attended to.
T.    I».   FREEMAN. ■f^fififififi^fifiH
22
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
Importer and Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Ladies' Furnishing Goods, Carpets, &c.
43 YATES STREET, NEXT TO BANK OP B. N. A.
QUARLES    Sc    OO.
ttiMiAM gM
St. Nicholas Hotel, 111 Government Street.
WINES, SPIKITS AND CIGAKS.
jr.  coiaiiiM,
.A^racl    Stationer,
35  FORT   STREET,  VICTORIA.
PETER McQUADE & CO.
L
41 Wharf Street, Victoria. VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
ST.   NICHOLAS
III
ST. NICHOLAS  HOTEL,
109 Government Street, Yictoria, Y. I.
S.   Gk   ERO^WIN".,  - PROPRIETOR.
MAH31 (DOTMN^ & SHAVEK®,
Shampooing* and Hair Dyeing*,
DONE   IN   THE   BEST   STYEE.
A_t  NESBITT'S
Corner of Yates and Broad Streets,
ind the Largest and
City, consis
BOSTON. B
Will be found the Largest and Freshest Assortment in the
City, consisting of
Water   and   l?io-BJio   Crackers.
Navy and Pilot Bread sold, Wholesale and Retail, Cheaper
than at any other establishment in Victoria.
SAMUEL   NESBITT.
Wl B. BOLTON,
=  w   W   S  se
BUM.
MAST AND SPAR MAKER,
Indian   Reserve,   "Victoria,   "V.   I.
[SI*WAYS capable of taking Yessels under
500 Tuns.   Contracts Taken. mm-	
24
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
ACADEMY FOR YOUNG LADIES.
MRS. WILSON BROWN, lately from England, has established
a School where Children may have the advantage of a thorough
English Education, combining the care and comforts of home with
the useful and ornamental parts of tuition.
FRENCH, GERMAN AND ITALIAN LANGUAGES.
Also, the usual accomplishments of
Music, Dancing, Drawing, Use of Globes, &c,
will be taught by efficient instructors.
Mrs. Wilson Brown begs to refer the parents and guardians of
children to the following gentlemen, under whose patronage her
School has been established :
Dr. HELMEKEN, M. P., Speaker; ALLEN FRANCIS, Esq., U. S. Consul; THOS. G.  WILLIAMS, Esq., Registrar of Supreme Court.
For Terms, apply to
MRS. WILSON BROWN,
Church Bank House, Victoria, V. I.
J. B. TIMMERMAN,
ms, i»f i ffli in
mm m
93 Government Street, between Yates and Johnson.
PROPERTY BOUGHT, SOLD OR LEASED,
AND   RENTS   COLLECTED.
Loans Negociated and. Money Invested.
GJ?"Conveyances, Leases, Mortgages, Power of Attorney, &c., prepared with care.
i J. W. DAVIES, L,. S. A.
M. E. C. M Lond., Eng.,
srasioi and AeeoieiitJi*.
Late Resident Surgeon to the Eoyal Infirmary, Margate, Kent.
OFFICE r
Cor. Yates and Langley Sts., over Messrs. Curtis § Moore's Drug Store,
ENTRANCE, FIRST DOOR IN LANGLEY STREET. VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
25
POWELL, M. I>.
Graduate of the University of McGill College, Montreal; Member of the College
of Physicians and Surgeons, Lower Canada; Licentiate of the Medical
Board, Upper Canada; Late resident Surgeon of the Montreal
General Hospital.
CM
rpctan, j&trpn anlj Jcamcjratr,
Rooms and Residence, No. 1 Fort Street.
n
Office—Corner Yates and Langley Sts.
VICTORIA,   "V-   I.
&&t
m m
;nieel|
Cor. Broughton and Government Sts.
THOMAS   HARRIS,
Wholesale and Retail Butcher,
And NAVY CONTRACTOR,
WHAEF   STREET,  VICTORIA,  V. I. 26
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
I
I
2 Commercial  Row, Wharf Street,
■VTOTORIA,  'V. I.
JAMES ALMON,
WHARF   STREET,  VICTORIA.
Eefers to Messrs. MACDONALD & CO., Bankers, Victoria, V.I.
m STEWART, MELORUM & GO.
COMMISSION MERCHANT
VICTORIA, V. I.
GAIBE & GBANCI1I,
'»
Ml
Iron, Crockery and G-lass Ware,
8 WHARF STREET,  YICTORIA, Y. I.
Orders from the Country promptly attended to.
S3SS& >k
VICTORIA   ADVERTISEMENTS.
27
SELIM FRANKLIN & CO.,
AND
LAND  AGENTS,
76  GOVERNMENT   STREET,  VICTORIA, V. I.
WALFORD  A. HARRIES,
Estate, House, and General Agent.
PROPERTY, HOUSES, AND BUSINESS
Disposed of on favorable terms.
Loans negotiated and moneys  invested.     Deeds and
agreements of every description prepared
and engrossed.
OFFICE, 36 GOVERNMENT STREET,
VICTORIA, V.  I.
GLADWIN,  TARBELL &  CO.,
IMPORTERS,
»
And Wholesale Dealers in
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS,
FIRE-PROOF  WAREHOUSE,
WHARF STREET, OPPOSITE H. B. CO.'S WHARF,
VICTORIA, "V- I.
GEO.   S.  GLADWIN, FRANK  TARBELL.
W. H. GLADWIN, AGENT, SAN FRANCISCO.
A. F. MAIM.
H,
Mil
T^H^I*^   STREET,
VIOTOEIA,   "V.   I-
& - "W^W     -	
28
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
LOWE BKOTHERS,    S
COMMISSION IEIGHANTS,
VICTORIA, V. I.
OFFICE, Corner Yates and Langley Streets,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
CUIUS Ml TOBACCi
3
"VIOTOrtl-A.*,   "V.   I-
J. BOSOOWITZ,
IMPOETEE AND DBALEE IN
Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes, Matches,
Playing Cards, etc.,
BETWEEN MACDONALD'S AND SCHLOSS & LIVINGSTONE'S BANKING-HOUSES.
I IT ¥ A¥iTIiM EOiMI
*>}>
FORT AND WHARF STREETS.
• >
Auctioneers and Commission Agents.
iwb-iY i *rw T^-ny-; VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
29
auroaa
¥E&MM^$ JB
MERGHANT ft G0MII8SI0N AGENT,
36 Government Street,
Between Fort and Broughton,
VICTORIA,    "V.   X-
LEOPOLD LOWENBERG,
Ii JWEI
GOVERNMENT   STREET.
1111
•Kfaj^-MgaJQ      ^mb'i
iJLll JLi«
m
m jiL\
42 GOVERNMENT STREET.
&   Co.,
ippiog ana rassenger Agents.
tiinii iiiitiiii! iioiif no sin®
VieAV Street, near the Police  Court.
«*a»
- ':>.y r^^a
59l\» o4V»,N5%l     cw^k    t*Os*
i
-A.   3ST   ID
88I0N  AGENTS, s
30
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
R. C. JANION,
THE  ALBANY, LIVERPOOL
■}
("JANION, GREEN & CO.,
( HONOLULU,  SANDWICH  I.
JANION, GREEN & RHODES,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
FIRE-PROOF  BUILDING,
Store Street and. Wharf Street,
VICTORIA, V.L I
Agents for the Liverpool Underwriters' Association.
Agents for the Northern Assurance Company, London.
J. A. McCREA, e:*
Hi W §0 m
m>
mm
m
mm
AND
MM
r-JagpI
A*j
Fire-Proof DBricls: Store,
WHARF   STREET.
Cash Advances made on Consignments,
REFERENCES.
Messrs. Janion, Green & Rhodes • Dickson, Campbell & Co.; Henderson &
Burnaby; J. J. Southgate & Co.; Guild, David & Co.; G. Vignolo & Co.;
Wells, Fargo & Co.
ANDERSON & CO.,
m
m «•
n m
Ml
AND
n
3
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
WHARF   STREET,
VICTORIA,   V.   I.
ass VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
31
Slllltl'SMt BROS.
GENERAL DEALERS,
AND
fitommissiott Pm|ante.
A FULL ASSORTMENT AT ALL TIMES ON HAND
OF
BOOTS IND SHOES
WSSL MW W S3   Hff ffi-iOTjfil J
%
OREGON PRODUCE, &c. &c.
Particular attention is called to the Trade.
Goods sold cheap for Cash.
jgt REMEMBER THE ADDRESS,
SHIRPSER    BROTHERS,
3 YATES  STREET,
T7TIOTOIII-A., "V. I. I ;
mgm
QO
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
INCORPORATED BY ROYAL CHARTER, 1862.
Capital, $1,250,000, in 12,500 Shares, of $100 each,
(Wilh power to increase.)
HEAD OFFICE:   80 LOMBARD ST.,  LONDON.
DIRECTORS:
T. W. L. McKEAN, Esq., Chairman.
ROBERT GILLESPIE, Jun., Esq., Deputy Chairman.
JAMES ANDERSON, Esq. ; DUNCAN JAMES KAY, Esq. ;
JAMES BONAN, Esq.; ALEXANDER McKENZIE, Esq.;
EDEN COLVILLE, Esq. ; HENRY McCHLERY, Esq. ;
LEWIS FRASER, Esq. ; MARTIN RIDLEY SMITH, Esq.
VICTORIA OFFICE:   GOVERNMENT  STREET.
Current Accounts opened, and every facility granted to traders and others
for the transaction of business.
Deposit Receipts issued for money lodged for fixed periods, bearing the
following rates ot Interest:
On money lodged for I month certain, at the rate of 2 1-2 per cent, per
annum.
On money lodged for 3 months certain, at the rate of 3 per cent, per
annum.
On money lodged for 6 months certain, at the rate of 4 per cent, .per
annum.
On money lodged for 12 months certain, at the rate of 5 per cent, per
annum.
No partial payment made on these receipts. Interest payable half-yearly, and
the principal not due until the expiry of the period for which the money is lodged.
Discounts and Advances.—Approved Bills discounted, and advances made
upon Bills of Lading, (accompanied by Policies of Insurance,) for goods shipped
to or from the Colonies.
Drafts and Letters op Credit issued on Great Britain and the Colonies,
also on New York and San Francisco, and bills on these places purchased or sent
for collection.
.Credits issued on Great Britain, San Francisco, and New York, authorizing
payment for Goods shipped from those ports to the Colonies ; all such shipments
to be insured, and hypothecated to the Bank.
Government and other Securities received for safe custody, and 1 per cent.
Commission charged on withdrawing the same. Interest and Dividends collected
on account of constituents, at the rate of one half per cent, on the amount collected, if payable in Victoria.
Gold Dust and Bars purchased, or advance made upon the same.
OFFICE HOURS, 10 to 3.   Saturdays, 10 to 1.
JAMES D. WALKER, Manager. h ——   —»-
VICT0RIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
BANK OF BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.
ESTABLISHED   IN   1836.
Incorporated   t>y   Uoyal   Oliarter.
PAID UP CAPITAL,. . . $5,000,000.
HEAD OFFICE, St. Helens Place, London.
VICTORIA BRANCH, Yates Street.
ESTABLISHMENTS IN THE COLONIES :
MONTREAL, HAMILTON, BUND AS,
QUEBEC, BRANTFORD, ST JOHNS, N. B.
KINGSTON, LONDON, C. W, HALIFAX, N. S.
TORONTO, OTTAWA. VICTORIA, V.I.
Agents and Correspondents :
NEW YORK. .    .    .   E. C. FERGUSON, J. H. GRAIN, and J. SMITH.
SAN FRANCISCO B. DAVIDSON & MAY.
AUSTRALIA UNION BANK OF AUSTRALIA.
BILLS OF EXCHANGE AND GOLD PURCHASED.
IDZR-A-IFTS    ISSUED    OlST
LONDON, NEW YORK, SAN FRANCISCO, CANADA, NEW BRUNSWICK, NOVA SCOTIA, and on all the Branches op the NATIONAL BANK OF SCOTLAND, and the PROVINCIAL BANK
OF IRELAND. 	
CREDITS  0-H-A.ISrTEID  OUST THIS OFFICE
BT THE
Union.   Baiilc   of Australia,
AT
MELBOURNE,      SYDNEY,
HOBART TOWN,   ADELAIDE,
LAUNCESTON,
DUNEDIN, N. Z.
The Bank receives Monet and Gold Dust on Deposit, returnable on demand,
undertakes the Purchase and Sale of Stock, the Collection of Bills, and other
money business, in the United States and British Provinces.
J. G. SHEPHERD, Manager,
VICTORIA, V. I. •'
'4;
34
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
MACDONALD & CO.,
YATES   STREET, VICTORIA, Y. L,
SELL    EXCHANGE,
Drawn at sight or on time, on
COUTTS & CO LONDON.
BANK OF STATE OF NEW YORK . . . NEW YORK.
id:r,a:fts oisr
SAN FRANCISCO,  CALIFORNIA;   PORTLAND, OREGON.
GOLD DUST AND BULLION PURCHASED
At the highest rates.
Advances  made   on  G-old  Dust
Left for Assay at Government Assay Office, New Westminster; or if sent for
Assay or Coinage to United States Mint, San Francisco.
Collections made on Reasonable Terms, and a General Banking
Business Transacted.
ROYAL,   MAIL
STEAM    PACKET   CO/S
AGENCY,
For British Columbia and Vancouver Island.
OFFICE: MACDONALD & CO., BANKERS, YATES STREET.
The attention of Shippers and Passengers is particularly directed to the superior
facilities the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's Line affords for the speedy
conveyance of Treasure, Goods, and Passengers to and from England to British
Columbia and Vancouver Island, in connection with the
Pacific Hail Steamship Company's Vessels and the Panama Railroad.
The superiority of the accommodation and entertainment on board the Royal
Mail Steamers, together with the time occupied on the passage between England
and Aspinwall DIRECT being so much shorter than by any other route, and the
moderate rate of passage-money, render this Company's Steamers the
CHEAPEST AND MOST EXPEDITIOUS MEANS OF TRANSIT
for Passengers, or for the forwarding of Goods and Treasure from Aspinwall to
Europe.
Under an arrangement with the PACIFIC MALL STEAMSHIP COMPANY, Specie and Bullion can be conveyed to London and Havre in Prance.
Further information on the subject of Freight and Passage-Money will be furnished by the undersigned.
ALEX. D. MACDONALD, Agent.
3& VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
Ill
n
MPANY
FOR
Fill AHB MFI Ifflm
CAPITAL,   #10,000,000.
HEAD OFFICES: LIVERPOOL AND LONDON.
Agents for Vancouver Island and British Columbia,
WHARF   STREET.
ERIAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
OF   LOISTDOISr.
ESTABLISHED, 1803.-—CAPITAL, $8,000,000.
AGENTS    IN   VICTORIA,
Jk..   Tl.   GKREEiN"   Sc   CO.,
CORNER    FORT   AND    LANGLEY   STREETS.
WT3&.-
AND
AEOHITECT,
Having left the Land Office, is now prepared to make
SUKVEYS IN TOWN AND COUNTRY.
Also, PLANS OF BUILDINGS, &c, on the shortest notice.
Office next to Nagle's Shipping Office,
BASTION   STREET.
-J--.
"ff
Or
■%J 36
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
SITH11ITISI III IIIHITII
asiMiei c
i
Incorporated by Royal Charter and Special Acts of Parliament.
ESTABLISHED,   1809.
Capital, £3,000,000.   Accumulated Invested Funds, £1,374,000.
OFFICE : 58 THREADNEEDLE STREET.
LONDON   BOAED:
Chairman—JOHN WHITE CATER, Esq., (Messrs. J. W. Cater,
Son & Co.)
Deputy   Chairman—CHARLES   MORRISON,   Esq.,   (Messrs.
Morrison, Dillon & Co.)
ANSELMO De  ARROYAVE, Esq.,  (Messrs. A. De Arroyave
& Co.)
EDWARD COHEN, Esq., (Messrs. Drake, Kleinwort & Cohen.)
JAMES DU BTJISSON, Esq., (Messrs. Henkell, Du Buisson & Co.)
PASCOE DU PRE GREUFELL, Esq., (Messrs. Pascoe   Greu-
fell & Co.)
ADOLPHUS KLOCKMAN, Esq., (Messrs. Klockman & Fesser.)
JOHN MOLLER, Esq.
JUNIUS SPENCER MORGAN, Esq., (Messrs. G. Peabody & Co.)
GEORGE GARDEN NICOL, Esq., (Chairman Mercantile Bank
of India, London, and China.)
JOHN HENRY WILLIAM SCHROEDER, Esq., (Messrs. J. H.
Schroeder & Co.)
GEORGE YOUNG, Esq., (Messrs. Begbie, Young & Begbie.)
Secretary—F. W. LANEE, Esq.
Manager of Fire Department—G. H. WHITING.
Manager op Life Department—W. F. BERKMYRE.
General Manager—DAVID SMITH.
• Agents for Fire at Victoria, V. I.,
SIFFKEN BROS. & CO.,
CORNER   OF   WHARF   AND    JOHNSON   STREETS.
i-t*
Hf^££2£3Sii2Siki»i£K23i H~«?i
-•'
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS. 37
SUBSCRIPTION IS INVITED
TO   THE
EXCHANGE 1M1IK All NEWS RUM,
Which is now open, next to the St. Nicholas Hotel,
G-OVEIR^MIEISrT   S TDK BET,
With an entrance both from the street and the Hotel.
LATEST   NEW8PAPEE8,
And News from all parts of the world.
SHIPPING AND MERCANTILE INFORMATION.
MINING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE CARIBOO COUN*, ETC.,
Throughout the season.
SMOKING   AND   CHESS   ROOMS,   ETC.
Terms of* Admission :
ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION, . ' $24 00, PAYABLE QUARTERLY;
FOR ONE MONTH ONLY,  $3 00;
FOR ONE DAY,  25 cents ;
ALL PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
The Rooms are open every day, from 8 A. M. till half-past 10 P. M.
H. F. HEISTERMAN, Proprietor.
VICTORIA BAKERY,
FORT   STREET.
WILSON   &   MURRAY,
PEOPEIETOES.
tombs from private families,
HOTELS, AND  RESTAURANTS,
Attended to with care and dispatch. VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS
BROKER AND
"if'
A.
WILLIAM JEFFRAI
WHARF AND GOVERNMENT STREETS,
Buys and forwards Goods to British Columbia.
Buys and sells Stocks of all kinds.
Advances made on Goods consigned.
MES.   JEFFEAY,
GOVERNMENT STREET,
f mptler of |pllitterg H grg mate.
Families and Hotel-keepers can always be supplied at reasonable rates with all descriptions of Dry Goods.
Orders from British Columbia and Washington Territory promptly
attended to.
*BAI10aAL
kw?
rami
SALT SPMIG ISLAIB,
DEPOT, FORT STREET, VICTORIA.
The Proprietors of this well known Nursery have now ready for the
market a very choice assortment of
©Y(prP     Jl TOFtf    AIDHAWVII1
ROSES,   SMALL   FRUIT,   &c.
Also, Garden and Field Seeds and Plants, all of which will be warranted true to name and of the best quality.
fgir A Depot has been opened in Fort Street, in connection with the
above Nursery.
Country Produce received and sold on Commission. A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
FROM   PARIS  AND  LONDON.
DEESSES   IS^EAJDE   TO   ORDER,
Under the personal supervision of Mrs. Shoolbred.
whotik ra»n§ HI«^I»
A.   HOFFMAN,
MOORE'S   BRIOK   BUILDING,
74  YATES  STREET.   w£
Wjf -» JL-J9 JCJS. C9 Jfc^fc
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
Kin
AND
DRY   GOOD
K^ISS
UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF MRS. LASH,
99 GOVERNMENT STREET. 40
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS
COLONIAL LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY.
CAPITAL,   $5,000,000.
GOVERNOR:
The Right Hon. THE EARL OF ELGXX A3VD KINCARDINE,
GOVERNOR-GENERAL   OP INDIA.
HEAD OFFICE: 5 ST. GEORGE STREET, EDINBURGH.
Actuary—WILLIAM JOHN THOMSON.
Secretary—D. CLUNIE GREGOR.
Was established in 1846, for the purpose of extending to the Colonies of Great
Britain and to India the benefits of Life Assurance, and for the purpose of giving
increased facilities to persons visiting or residing in foreign countries. The general management of the Company is under the direction of persons who have been
long practically acquainted with Life Assurance institutions. The Company have
established Branch Offices and Agencies in all the British Colonies, where premiums may be received and claims paid.
LOCAL  BOARD,  VICTORIA, V. I.
THOMAS   HARRIS,  Esq., Mayor;   JAMES YATES, Esq.;
KENNETH McKENZIE, Esq.
CRAIG:   FLOWER:
ROBT. BURNABY, Esq., M. R.; G. M. SPROAT, Merchant.
The Local Board has power to pass proposals without reference to Head Office.
Rates for Assurance of £100, with or without Profits.
Age.
Amount per Annum without Profits.
Amount per Annum with Profits.
15 £1 14
20	
25	
30	
35	
40	
45	
50	
55	
60	
1 14 4	
 £1  17 5
1 18 7	
  2 2 2
2 3 8	
  2 7 6
2 9 8	
  2 14 3
2 17 1	
  3 2 2
3 6 0	
  3 12 1
3 17 10	
  4 5 1
4 13 9	
  5 2 3
5 16 11	
  6 7 7
7 8 5	
  8 1 10
Every information regarding the rates of premium, and generally as to the
Company's terms of Assurance, may be obtained on application to
J. G. SHEPHERD, or
JOHN J. COCHRANE,
"Victoria, V. I. -     ^^Sl
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
41
STEAM
SASH, DOOR AID BLIID
D. O. STEVENS, - - - Proprietor.
SASH made in any style or shape required.
BOORS of any size or style.
MOULDINGS of any pattern.
tkv        Sp m® cm> SNtR w cr&t ff<Wa
»J2*i2«
;MWIK
,DE   TO   ORDER.
PACKING   BOXES   I
All kinds of Finish for building, such as Architraves,
Doors, Jambs, Bases with Mouldings
on the edge, &c. &c.
Also, Ceiling, Tongued and Grooved Flooring, Planing,
Sawing, Sidings.
\i  ww'V-ji 'fil -ffil ''UiMu '"EuJ 'wu 'fiw   'ijiiuu WiU Nit   'imoiyu W'-ot '-jmU 'luim Itl
Boards   and   Planks   split,  Furrings,  Battens,  &c.
All materials for building in the above line furnished in a manner
to save one-half the work and expense to the contractor.
nuns ii push in itiiiiiit I'iiii
The Proprietor, having much experience in the business, and
having the
LATEST IMPROVED MACHINERY,
is confident in informing the pubhc that he can supply any of the
above articles at the shortest notice, and at
S-AdN"   FRANCISCO   PRICES,
less Freight and other charges.
A full assortment of Lumber and articles for the Trade kept on
hand, and sold cheap for cash.
D. O. STEVENS,
Corner Government and Wharf Streets,
(NEAR   JAMES   BRIDGE,)
VICTORIA, V. I. 42
VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS
HIBBEN ft CAHSWELL,
IMPORTING
BOKSfiLLHS&IIB'STi
CONSTANTLY   SUPPLIED,
mwmx
stationershalD
JUUUlWUUUUUUDDffOUUiJUUUl.llLJUUullllufl ==■
AND   RECEIVING,
I From England and Eastern
markets,
SCHOOL,
©TAN)®^®*-
AND
MISCELLANEOUS
AND  STAPLE AND FANCY
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES,
37 Yates Street, cor. Langley,
VICTORIA, V. I.
BERRIN BARNETT,
taanmsim memrar,
AND
IMPORTER OF ENGLISH MERCHANDISE,
60 YATES STREET, VICTORIA, V. I.
E. C.  HOLDEN,
ANGLO-AMERICAN HOTEL
I
COR. DOUGLAS AND YATES STREETS.
This House has been newly furnished, and all the
Departments will be found conducted in the best style.
The Table will be supplied with the best the market
affords. VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
43
ill
[¥> ill
mi mmmmm
'9
I M M O R T E H S|
iCTsrep ra ^»a M   *g> -«.
lif ilO s a a
aTRIi
1H
jA.3xrr>
fill IN3UBANCI AMMTl
F   STREET,
VICTORIA,  Y. I.
I]
illll iiCIATIOI.
UNITY  BUILDINGS,
CANNON   STREET,   CITY,   LONDON.
CAPITAL,   £2,000,000   STERLING*
The Shai*eholders of. this Association number about Four Thousand,
representing a subscribed Capita] of £1,027,971 sterling.
Annual Income, £120,000, moderate Premiums, and popular features.    Claims settled with promptitude and liberality.
The Premium Income in 1861 exceeded that of 1860 by upwards
of £30,000.
CORNELIUS WALFORD, F. S. S., &c,
The undersigned, having been appointed Agent in Victoria for the
above-named Association, is now prepared to issue Policies insuring
against Fire, and to settle all claims here, with as little delay as
possible.
J. J. SOUTHGATE,
WharfStreet, "Vietoz-ia, "V. I.
4. VICTORIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
ALEXANDER D. BELL,!
HUSSION MERCHANT,
WHAKF   STREET,
VICTOEIA,   "V.   I_
EDWAED COKEB,
AND STEAMBOAT |lif IIf
QILEH ifAKEB8 ETC., f
VICTORIA,  V.  I.
Iron Doors and Vaults, for Fire-Proof Buildings, manufactured to order.
MISS FLORENCE WILSON,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
STATIONERY
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
js> m
ST. NICHOLAS BUILDING,
GO"VEE,2Sr3VTB3SrT   STREET.
WALTER SHAW BLACK, M. D.,
M. R. C. M   L. s. A.,
1856,
EBEEHAEDT'S   HOTEL, LANGLEY STREET.
^      ,T—«.^l-T>.       .,   —■    t    _~UJ^-_ ,  'HWU "
"^
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
45
ion Italian
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
COMMERCIAL ROW, WHARF STREET,
VICTORIA,   V.   I.
Agents "Merchants' Line" of Packets between San Francisco and
Victoria.
Office in San Francisco: 225 Front Street, corner of Sacramento.
^mm
^|/v
\ AV*
TO
.a. :jsr ID
^##»f'lfl^
^m®
LOANS   NEGOTIATED
RENTS AND DEBTS COLLECTED.
LIVE STOCK BOUGHT AFB SOLE.
OFFICE :   BRICK  BUILDING,
CORNER YATES AND LANGLEY STREETS,
TJ3P    STAIRS,
VICTORIA,   "V.    I. 46
VICTORIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
i e
2GI1UND ZINN
IMPORTER  OF
illili P1I1I1 fc III!
BASKETS Al WILLOW WARE,
OANE AND WILLOW CHAIRS,
Ladies' Workstands. Children's Carriages, Hobby Horses,
All Rinds of Toys, Fancy Goods, Beads, China
Vases, etc., Ladies' Reticules, etc.,
AT  WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL,
Government Street, near the Hotel de France,
VICTORIA, "V.  I.
A. MARTIN, Sak Francisco. S. MARTIN, Victoria.
MARTIN  BROTHERS,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
biCMSEiK & PROVISIONS
WHARF   STREET,
VICTORIA,   "V-   I.
SIf
ea\
US
-A.IsT3D
OH
WHARF   STREET,
"VIO T10 HI .A.,   T7".   I.
~js- THE
5EITISH COLUMBIAN
#Wt0
&
18 63,
UNDER   THE  PATRONAGE   OF
His Excellency GOVERNOR DOUGLAS, MB
AND     THE
(Sutntivt 0f both (S>$UniH:
COMPILED   AND   PUBLISHED   BY
FREDERICK P. HOWARD and GEORGE BARNETT.
FIRST   YEAR   OP   PUBLICATION.
£k
VICTORIA,   V.   I. :
OFFICE OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIAN and VICTORIA DIRECTORY,
No. 23, Yates Stkeet.
18 63.
)opy Right applied for.]
#irp4T, PREFATORY  REMARKS.
In submitting the British Columbian and Victoria Directory for 1863 to the public, the publishers have to confess that
the work is far from being so complete as could be desired. This
is more especially the case with that portion devoted to the Colony
of British Columbia—the time allowed for the appearance of the
book having been found too limited to admit of the travel and
research necessary to embody a comprehensive work on the condition and prospects of that rising country.
The publishers, however, are sanguine that their present attempt
to place a detailed account of the British colonies on the Pacific
before the world, will meet with such encouragement from the
community as will induce them to spare no means in their power
in rendering the next edition of the Directory a more complete
and better expositor of the position and importance of both
Colonies.
Victoria, March 1, 1863.
TOWNE & BACON, PRINTERS,
EXCELSIOR OFFICE,
536 Clay Street, San Francisco. CONTENTS.
Page.
Descriptive Sketch of Victoria .... 49
Table of Distances  52
Directory of Victoria  53
Directory of Esquimalt  84
Government of Vancouver Island . 85
Executive officers  85
Legislative Council  85
Judicial and Magisterial officers 86
Government of the City of Victoria 86
Municipal authorities  86
Educational officers  87
Police Department  87
Abstract of  Cases before the
Police Commissioner  88
Statement of Prisoners  88
Fire Department  88
H. B,. M. Ships, Pacific Station ... 89
Foreign Consuls at Victoria  89
List of Legislative Acts, Session of
1860  90
Act to incorporate City of Victoria 94
Land Proclamation  109
Ordinances and By-Laws, City of
Victoria  119
On Nuisances  119
To regulate construction of
Footpaths  121
For protection against Fire ... 123
Duties  of Fire Wardens  and
regulations at Fires  124
Port Dues, City of Victoria  126
Pilot Dues, City of Victoria  127
Number, Tonnage, and Crews of
Vessels cleared at Victoria . 127
Imports : Victoria and Esquimalt,
1862  128
Exports : Victoria and Esquimalt,
1862  128
Revenue of Vancouver Island .... 130
Colonial Estimates for 1863..,  132
Churches :   Vancouver Island and
British Columbia  133
Schools : Vancouver Island  134
Page.
Societies, Companies, etc   140
Descriptive Sketch of New Westminster and Fraser River...  161
Directory of New Westminster ...  164
Hudson Bay Stations and the officers thereof   166
Colony of British Columbia   167
Executive officers      167
Judicial and Police officers ...  168
Municipal Council   168
Fire Depai*tment   168
Revenue of British Columbia.. 169
Customs Duties   169
Liquor and Trade Licenses ...  170
Tonnage and Pilot Dues   170
Rates of Postage   171
Royal Hospital   171
Colonial Bank of B. Columbia 171
Churches, Societies, etc   173
Laws of British Columbia   174
Settlement   and   Purchase   of
Lands    174
Relating to Mining    179
Rules in conformity with the
Gold Fields Act of 1859 ...  184
Naturalization of Aliens   190
Bute Inlet Wagon Road Company.  191
Meteorological Observations,British
Columbia   192
Descriptive Sketch of Douglas   194
Directory of Douglas   194
Descriptive Sketch of Lillooet   195
Directory of Lillooet   195
Descriptive Sketch of Yale   196
Directory of Forks of Quesnelle ..  197
Directory of Antler   197
Directory of Richfield   198.
Historical and descriptive Sketch of
Cariboo   199
Historical and descriptive Sketch of
the Peace River Mines  204
Historical and descriptive Sketch of
Sticken  206 ■   I.
■
NAMES OF ADVERTISERS.
PAGE.
Alexander, H.W  W
Almon, James  26
Anderson & Co  30
Anderson, E  20
Balmoral Nursery  38
Bank of British Columbia 32
Bank of B. N. America.. 33
Barnctt, Berrin  42
Bayley, C A  16
Bell, Alexander D  44
Bigne&Co  5
Black, Walter S., M.D.. 44
Boardman, G. W  9
Boltou, W.B  23
Boscowitz, J  28
Brodrick, Ii :  20
Brown & Craswell  6
Brown, S. G  23
Brown, W. Mrs  24
BruDn,A.J  14
Buler, A  15
Bunting & Dodd  12
Burnos, J  6
Cassar, R  12
Caire & Grancini  26
Cochrane, John J  29
Coker, Edward  44
Colonial Life Ins. Co— 40
Cooper, W. A  13
Corrin, J  22
Crowther, R. A  14
Davies, J. P  46
Davies, J. W  24
Davis, Lewis  4
Devillers, E., front cover.
Dickson, Campbell & Co. 7
Driard, M  15
Ebcrhardt, 1  6
Engell & Young  1
Ex. Reading andNews R. 37
Fellows & Roscoe  3
Foster, Hugh...  9
Francis, Jacob  9
Franklin, Selim & Co.... 27
Freeman, X. F  21
Gambitz,K  22
Gentile & Co., back cover.
Gillard, H. & Co., cover.
Gilmore, A  18
Gladwin, -Tarbell & Co.. 27
•VIOTOIRIA--
PAGE.
Golden, Thomas  8
Green, A. R. & Co  35
Green, Fred. Walker  25
Harries, Walford A  27
Harris, Thomas  25
Heisterman, H. F  37
Herre, W. F  20
Hesseltine & Harris  5
Hibben & Carswell  42
Hoffman, A  39
Holden, EC  42
Hotel de France  5
Huston, Guy  17
Imperial Fire Ins. Co.... 35
Island Hotel  6
Janion, Green & Rhodes 30
Jeffray, William  38
John Bull Hotel  5
Kavanagh & Co  18
Kelly, J. L  12
Kent & Frost  16
Keyser, J. W  19
Langley Brothers, back
cover.
Lash.J  39
Leneveu, D  10
Lewis, Richard  20
Little, J T., front cover.
Lowe Brothers  28
Lowenberg, Leopold.... 29
Macdonald & Co  34
Main, A. F  27
Manetta, P  4
Martin Brothers  46
Martin, D  13
Mason & Balls  8
Mathiessen & Valentiner 3
Mayers, R., back cover.
McCann, T. H  10
McCrea, J. A  30
i McDonald, Mrs  14
McQuade, Peter & Co. .. 22
Miller, Vogel & Co  16
Nagle, J. & Co  29
Nathan, Henry  26
Nesbitt, Samuel  23
North British and Mercantile Insurance Co. 36
Oriental Hotel  4
I Parkinson, F. Mrs  17
PAGE.
Pattrick, Thomas & Co.. 10
Perrett & Tighe  8
Pickett & Co  45
Pierce & Seymour  4
Porter, A  19
Powell, J. W., M.D,... 25
Quarles & Co  22
Regent Saloon  19
Roper & Co  16
Royal Insurance Co.... 35
Royal Mail S. Packet Co 34
Sam Woo  19
Scott, Webb & Co  28
Searby & Moore,  front
cover.
Sehl, J  11
Shettleroe & Shaw  13
Shirpser Brothers  31
Shoolbred, W   C. Mrs.. 39
Shotbolt, T., front cover.
Siff'ken Brothers & Co. .29,36
Smith, Win. Burlington 15
Southgate, J. J. & Co  43
Star & Garter Hotel  4
Steamboat Exchange  6
Stemmler & Co  13
Stevens, D. 0  41
Stewart, Meldrum & Co 26
St. George Hotel  5
St Nicholas Hotel  3
Sutro, G. & Co  28
Thomas, Eugene v.. 9
Timmerman, J. B  24
Tucker, Wm. H. H  12
Unity Fire Ins. Associa'n 43
Vancouver Coal M. Co.. 7
Vaughn,   18
Vignolo & Co  11
Wallace & Stewart  14
Walton & Barnett  45
Weissenburger, F  29
Whear, R P  17
Wilcox, James, back cover.
Williams & Selleck  6
Williams, T. B  8
Wilson, Florence, Miss.. 44
Wilson & Murray  37
Wilson.T  15
Wright & Sanders  25
Zinn, Siegmund  46
1ST&-W   "WrEST3VEI3STSTER,-
Allan, James 150 I
Blackman, M. J 151
Brown, Ebenezer  148
Cafferty, Edward  148
Colonial Bank,
Colonial Hotel,
Crain, S.E	
B. C
149
147
153
Cunningham & Ashwell 146 I
Edmonds, Henry V 147
Gawley, Robert  152
Grelley Brothers 147
Hannah, R  150
Hardie's Hotel  147
Holbrook, Henry 152 J
Homer, J. A. R  151
Jones, McNaughton, M.D 146
Lewis, R  148
Lyons, J  152
McLeese, Robert 151
Ramage, John 146
... 148
I Traufleld, George
IMISCELLANBOUS.
Adler & Barry  145 I
Bowie, Wm.  156
Briley, Samuel  153
Foster, F. W    155
Griffen, Edward  159
Herkimer, J 154
Pemberton House  155
Pinchbeck & Co  158
Poineer, N. H      157
Sellers & Dunlevy 157,160
Smith & O'Brien  158
Smith, P. & Co  155
Teas & McKeon	
Tompkins, Samuel.. ■.
Woodward, Jim	
Wright, G. B. & Co.
160
153
156
154
Barrett & Sherwood, cover.
Coffey & Risdon  212
Eastman & Keith  213
Graves, H. T  209
Hallidie, A. S. & Co.... 209
S.AJXr  FBAKTCISCO.
Jacobs, N. B. & Co 211
Mayers, Robt, cover and 214
Oregon and San Diego S.
Line .    210
Pecqueux & Waterlott.. 214
San Francisco and Pacific
Sugar Company 216
San Francisco N's Letter 212
Squarza, V 213
Vulcan Iron Works 215
,j~^-- nrn THE CITY OF VICTORIA.
At no time since the excitement attending its first settlement in
1858, has Victoria made greater strides, or her prosperity so materially
increased, as during the past year. Her true position as the center
and headquarters of commerce north of the Columbia, has been placed
beyond a doubt. The influx of capital and immigrants from Europe,
and the rich and extensive discoveries of gold-fields on the main-land,
are the principal causes to which the present prosperity of the town
may be attributed.
Since the commencement of the past year her population has at
least doubled itself, and the increase of buildings and improvements
has been almost in proportion. During the winter season the town is
thronged with strangers from British Columbia and elsewhere, who
migrate in the spring. Apart from these, the number of inhabitants
may be set down at six thousand.
Victoria contains about fifteen hundred buildings — some of them
very creditable to the size of the town. Among the public ones are
the Government Offices and a Jail. There are several commodious
brick hotels, the principal being the St. Nicholas, the St. George, and
the Royal. Substantial warehouses and stores are also becoming very
numerous.. The city is adorned with five Churches, two belonging to
the Church of England, one Roman Catholic, one Wesleyan^and one
Congregational. A Jewish Synagogue and a Presbyterian Church are
in course of construction. There is also a Theater and a Hospital, the
latter being chiefly supported by voluntary contributions. The sittings
of the Legislature and Law Courts of Vancouver Island are all held in
the city. There are two joint stock Banks, and three private Banking
Houses.
Until recently Victoria was without a Corporation, but during the
past year an Act to incorporate the town was passed by the Legislature. The authorities consist of a Mayor and six Councilors. Effective and speedy measures will now be adopted to complete the grading
of the streets, and the laying down of side-walks.
The water frontage of the town has, since the removal of the old
5
3 /is
50
THE    BRISISH    COLUMBIAN
bridge, been greatly extended, and several wharfs are now available
for shipping above the point where that obstacle to navigation existed.
A company has been formed to build' a Railroad connecting Victoria
with the capacious harbor of Esquimalt, distant four miles. Among
other institutions the town can boast of its Gas "Works. A company
has been also organized to supply the town with water from Elk Lake,
a distance of eight miles.
The value of Real Estate in the town of Victoria has increased, in
many places, over seventy-five per cent, during the past nine months.
Frontage on the best business streets commands a rental of from two
to six dollars per foot per month.
The city is a Free Port, and therefore not troubled with customs,
duties or bonded warehouses. Vessels drawing fourteen to fifteen feet
of water may, under ordinary circumstances, cross the bar of the harbor at high water, and ships drawing seventeen feet have entered, though
only at the top of spring tides. A sum of £10,000 has been devoted
by the Legislature to the improvement of the harbor.
Steam communication is carried on three times a month between San
Francisco and Victoria by the vessels of the California S. N. Company.
Every alternate trip is made via Portland, Oregon. A steady and
increasing trade is carried on with San Francisco, the Sandwich Islands,
Oregon, Washington Territory and the coast of British Columbia. The
inhabitants of the latter Colony obtain nearly all their imports via
Victoria. The goods exported from Victoria and Vancouver Island
•are trifling in comparison with the imports ; but the amount of gold
obtained from the mines of British Columbia goes far to maintain the
balance of trade. The exports of the Island consist chiefly of coal
from the Nanaimo Mines, lumber from the west coast, furs, skins and
fish oil.
The coal measure extends from Nanaimo a long distance north, both
along the east coast of the Island and the main land; and several
places have lately been found by practical coal miners where capital
could be advantageously invested in opening up beds of this mineral.
Steam lumber mills are worked at Alberni, a Port of Entry on the
west coast, by a British company, and some more mills are about to be
erected a little further north of that place by parties who have made
application to the Government for the purchase of seven thousand
acres. It is probable that the timber trade of the Island will shortly
assume great importance, as the spars for ship building have attained
an European celebrity.
The fisheries of the inland waters of both colonies have up to the present time been greatly neglected, as it is impossible that the immense"
numbers of salmon, herring and halibut which exist in them can be
jga*»   ,r-■■-■ii
<-&£. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
51
valueless for export whilst in such close proximity to the South
American and China markets.
The statement of imports for 1862, which will be found elsewhere,
shows a very flattering increase when compared with the preceding
year. The amount of direct shipments from Great Britain form a
respectable figure, and leads one to hope that the time is not far distant
when Victoria will become the distributing point of home manufacture
for the whole North Pacific Coast.
A somewhat surprising impetus has been given to the development
of agriculture in the colony by the number of newly arrived immigrants,
who have settled in the most fertile districts in the neighborhood of
Victoria. With land at the low figure of four shillings, two pence
per acre, and time allowed for payments, together with the improved
state of communication between Victoria and the back settlements, we
may reasonably hope that the inhabitants of the town will not in future
be so dependent on neighboring countries for their supplies of produce.
For a more detailed notice of the trade and institutions of Victoria
and Vancouver Island the reader is referred to the statistics hereinafter
contained. - ■'■
TABLE OF DISTANCES
FROM VICTORIA TO THE FOLLOWING PLACES.
Ctaa
No. miles.
Victoria to New Westminster.  70
" Nanaimo, by the inner channels  66
" Nanaimo, by the outer channels ,  86
" the Comax Settlement  110
" Fort Rupert  270
I Alberni  130
" Socklaee Harbor, Queen Charlotte Island  430
" head of Bute Inlet  130
" head of South Bentinck Arm  310
" head of North Bentinck Arm  305
" mouth of the Skeena River  500
" Fort Simpson  570
" mouth of the Sticken River  780
" Sitka (or New Archangel)  830
| San Francisco  770
To the Cariboo Mines.
Victoria to Yale by Steamer 160 miles.
Thence by road to Lytton   63
From Lytton to William's Lake via the New Wagon
Road 195
From William's Lake to the Forks of Quesnelle...  53
From the Forks of Quesnelle to William's Creek or
Richfield.  50
Total 521 miles.
Victoria to Lillooet, via Douglas and the Portages 287 miles.
From Lillooet to William's Lake, via the New
Wagon Road 165
From William's Lake to  Richfield, via Forks of
Quesnelle 103
Total 555 miles. THE BRITISH COLUMBIAN
VICTORIA DIRECTORY FOR 1863.
Abbott, J. R., clerk with Dickson, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
Acklan, Francis, laborer, Quadra.
Acklan, Thomas, carpenter, Quadra.
Adams, I. W., Grovernment.
Adams, Moses, 16 Government.
Adolphus, Edward, builder, Johnson.
Adanis, D. F., Douglas.
Adanis, J., Douglas.
Adanis, Robt., blacksmith with Duck & Co., Fisguard.
Adamas, Levi, Quadra.
Adder, John, Superior.
Aime*, , (Edgar & A.) provision merchant, Wharf.
Akerman, Jno., Cormorant.
Akers, J. P., (A. N. Sayers & Co.) fruit dealer, 5 Johnson.
ALEXANDER, H. W., tobacconist, Gov'nt bet. Yates and Fort.
Alges, J., Pioneer Hotel, Yates.
Allan, Alexander, with R. Brodrick, dwl Broughton.
Allatt T. Smith, contractor and builder, Fort.
Allen, Chas. W., reporter | Colonist," 47 Fort.
Allen, E., lodging-house, Fort.
Allen, Henry, Market Alley, Johnson.
Allen James, blacksmith with H. B. Co., 16 Government.
Allen, John, dentist, Quadra.
ALMON, J., commission merchant, Wharf.
Alport, Chas., Yates.
ANDERSON & CO., agents Royal Insurance Company, Wharf.
Anderson, A. C, Vice-President Agricultural Society, Fort.
ANDERSON, ELIJAH, variety store, Oriental Alley.
Anderson J., Government.
Anderson, J. R., clerk with Dixon, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
i 54
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Anderson, Simon, ship carpenter, Rae.
Andrews, Elijah, drayman, Yates.
Andrews, Richard, Yates.
Andrews, J., Cormorant.
Andrews, J. A., Meares.
Anthony, Lewis, clothier, etc., 5 Johnson.
Arnold, Thomas, carpenter, Herald.
Ashworth, James, Superior.
Atwell, Robert, Cormorant.
Atwood, T. W. Humboldt.
Austin, James, carpenter, Quadra.
Austin, R. H., merchant, Fort.
Ault, Thomas, Cormorant.
Ayre, Charles, blacksmith, Government.
13
Backus, P. M., auctioneer, 6 Commercial Bl'k,Wharf, dwl Langley.
Bailey, U. F., mason, Meares.
Baillie, M. Mrs., private boarding-house, 47 Fort.
Baker, Samuel & David, boot and shoe store, 9 Yates, dwl Herald.
Baldwin, John, variety store, Cormorant, dwl Fisguard.
Baldwin, H., grocer, Maifret Alley.
Bales, J. C. (Kavanagh & ,Co.) dwl Humboldt.
Balls, George, (Mason..#.)fe^lls) Identical Saloon, 2 Yates.
Banelli, K. (Banelli & Meyer) 97 Government.
Bankart, E. H. (Cleal, Hastie & B.) baker, 5 Fort.
Banks, B. C, 108 Yates.
Banks, John, painter and glazier, 51 Yates.
Banks, Jno. H., blacksmith and wheelwright, Yates.
Barber, Robt., shoemaker, Fisguard.
Barbetta, F., provision store, Store.
Barker, S., Cormorant.
Barley, Wm., with J. W. Williams, Johnson.
BARNETT, BERRIN, importer, 60 Yates.
BARNETT, GEORGE, (Walton & Barnett) general agent, over
Curtis & Moore's, cor Yates and Langley, dwl Meares.
Barnett, J., clerk with Macdonald & Co., Yates.
Barnswell, James, Johnson.
Barron, D. F., cabinet store, 3 Government.
Barry, John, boot and shoemaker, Blanchard.
Barry, Thomas, tinsmith, 44 Fort.
Baubeanyau, Ambrose, fishmonger, Oriental Alley.
Baucus, James, Government.
Bauman, Fred., confectioner, View.
Bawden, Alfred, builder and contractor, 108 Yates.
Baxter, Patrick, Johnson.
ymrhirrr Baxter, Wm. (Evans & B.) blacksmith and wagon-maker, Johnson.
BAYLEY, C. A., wholesale and retail grocer, 86 and 88 Yates,
dwl Broad.
Bayley, Leslie, (Briscoe & B.) St. James Hotel, 31 Government.
Bayley, Thos., Bayley.
Beale, F. W., Yates.
Beattie, Alexrv Herald.
Beattie, John, stonecutter, Humboldt.
Beatty, Walter, bricklayer, Fisguard.
Beavan, Robert, (B. & Evans) commission agents, Fort.
Beegan, Frank, boot and shoemaker, Langley.
Belascoe, Abraham, tobacconist, 4 Yates.
BELL, A. D., commission merchant, Wharf.
Bell, John, with John Coles, Broad.
Bell, Thomas, physician, Oriental Alley.
Bell, William, stonecutter, 51 Fort.
Benrimo M. & Co., groceries, Johnson.
Berry, Moses, mason, Herald.
Biggs, John, Major, Yates.
Bigne, Jno., Lyceum Saloon, Government.
BIGNE, JOHN & CO., Hoteldf France, 63 Government.
Bishop, -John S., collector and accountant Government.
Bishop, Robert, solicitor, 40 Government, dwl Broughton.
Bissell, John, tinsmith^ Michigan.
■ Bissett, F., Superior.
Bissett, James, clerk Hudson Bay Co., Wharf.
Black, F., (Turner & B.) surgeon, Broad.
BLACK, WALTER SHAW, M.D., M.R.C.S., L.S.A., Langley.
Blackburn, Jos., shoemaker, Maclure.
Blackman, Abraham, (B. & Marks) hardware dealer, 13 Yates.
Blaguire, Ed. (Glynn & B.) bakers, Cormoranf.
Blake, Jno., tinsmith, 10 Fort.
Blanc, L. A., jeweler, 96 Government.
Blanchard, Dr., physician, Fisguard.
Blinkhorn, Mrs., 19 Broad.
Blum, Leopold, merchant, Langley.
BOARDMAN, GEORGE, Bank Ex. Saloon, 33 Yates, dwl View.
Bogan, Chas., office | British Colonist."
Bollard, Alex., shoemaker, Quadra.
BOLTON, W. B., ship builder, Indian Reserve.
Bond, Willis, contractor, View.
Booth, E., 54 Fort.
Booth, Geo., builder, 19 Government.
Booth, John, 7 Fort.
BOSCOWITZ, J., tobacconist, 7 Yates.
Bossi, Carlo, liquor and provision dealer, corner Johnson and Store.
Boswell, Geo., shoemaker, Cormorant. - li.T.   ■     "■ !■-,..     '
56
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Botsford,
Chatham.
Botterell, Matthew & Co., Island Market, 33 Government.
Bowed, Madame, French laundry, Chatham.
Bowers, J., Yates.
Bowland, J. (B. & McKenzie) Overland Restaurant, Broad.
Bowman, S., 57 Yates.
Bowman, W. G. (B. & Halsey) livery stables, 57 Yates, dwl
5 Broad.
Brackin, Jno., carpenter, Cormorant.
Brackin, Wm., laborer, Quadra.
Brackman, H., warehouseman with Janion & Green, Wharf.
Bradley, Jno., shoemaker, Pandora.
Bramwell, Jacob, engineer, Johnson.
Braverman, Isadore, (B. & Lewin) tobacconist, 72 Yates.
Briggs, Wm., contractor, Trounce Alley.
Briscoe, Wastell, (Bayley & B.) St. James Hotel, 31 Government.
Brockaway, Thos., carpenter, Chatham.
BRODRICK, R., wharfinger and coal dealer, Union Wharf, dwl
Langley.
BROWN, C. B. (B. & Craswell) Island Hotel, 129 Government.
Brown, C. H. & Co., fish market, 9 Waddington Alley.
Brown, E. Mrs., seamstress, Fort.
Brown, Ed. (Johnson & B.) boot-black, 89 Government.
Brown, Godfrey, cashier with Janion & Green, Wharf.
Brown, H. H., Meares.
Brown, J., tailor, 45 Fort.
Brown, Jas., Red House Restaurant, Yates.
Brown, J. J., Yates.
Brown, Jno., Yates.
BROWN, STEPHEN G., hair-dresser, 109 Government.
BROWN, W., Mrs., Church Bank School, cor Rae andBlanchard.
Brown, Willson, corner Rae and Blanchard.
Brown, Wm., Bayley.
Brpwn, Wm., ship carpenter, Cormorant.
Brown, Wm., baker with R. Dougherty, Johnson.
Brown, Wm. (B. & Matthews) clothiers, 5 Waddington Alley.
Brundage, Ed., Rae.
BRUNN, A. J., draper and clothier, 58 Government.
Bryant, Chas., Government.
Buckley, J., boarding-house, Johnson.
Budddivent, P. L., clerk, Fort.
BULER, A., clothier, etc., 77 Government.
Bullock, Jas., bootmaker, 54 Fort.
Bullock, Wm., carpenter, Pandora.
Bunster, ^Vm., Colonial Brewery, Johnson.
Bunster, Jno., builder, Quadra.
BUNTING, C. E. (B. & Dodds) carriage builder, 55 Yates.
& AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORT
Burnaby, Robt., (Henderson & B.) commission merchant, 4 Com
mercial Block, Wharf.
BURNS, T. J., Pioneer Saloon, cor Johnson and Oriental Alley.
Burrage, W. K., grocer, 33 Fort.
Burrell, Robt., accountant at Bank British North America, Yates.
Burson, Jno., carpenter, Blanchard.
C
Cahn, Wolf, dry goods and clothing, 23 Johnson.
CAIRE, J. (C. & Grancini) wholesale hardware, 8 Wharf.
Caldwell, Jas., Fisguard.
Cameron, David, Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
Cameron, Duncan, boot and shoemaker, Superior.
Cameron, Thos., (C. & Hunt) blacksmith and carriage builder,
Cormorant.
Camp, J.. Pandora.
Campbell, F., tobacconist, etc., 23 Johnson.
Campbell, Wm., Douglas.
Canning, Jno., Rae.
Carman, Jno., carpenter, Johnson. •
Carswell & Co., importers, etc., Langley.
CARSWELL, JAS. (Hibben & C.) bookseller, 37 Yates.
Cary, Geo. Hunter, Attorney-General, 62 Government.
Cary, J. W., Kane.
Carslin, Oliver, Park Street, James Bay.
Carter, Paris, Fort.
Carveth, J., with Mansell & Co., 75 Government.
Carville, J., tobacconist, Yates.
Csesar, Randall, hair-dresser, 79 Government.
CASAMAYOU, A., provision dealer, 13 Wharf.
Castello, Marvin, Chelsea Bakery, Store.
Caulier, H. (C. & Lissett) builder, 27 Fort.
Chadwick, Thos., International Hotel, 67 Yates.
Chambers, A. J., Douglas.
Charity, C. H., bootmaker, 98 Government.
Charles, W. B., blacksmith, Store.
Charlton, Jos., (J. C. & Co.) cabinet-maker, Pandora.
Cheda, J. B., milkman, Government.
Chielovich, E., Lyceum Hall, dwl 69 Yates.
Childs, Henry, clerk with Hudson Bay Co., Government.
Chipp, Dr., M.R.C.S., surgeon, 76 Government.
Christie, Andrew, carpenter, Government.
Christopher, A., porter with Dickson, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
Chung Wa, Chinese boarding-house, Cormorant.
Clark, Wm., cutler, Government.
Clarke, F. C, carpenter, James Bay.
i I.J
58
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Clarke, G. D., butcher, Colonial Market, 52 Johnson.
Clarke, Wm., carpenter, Yates.
Claverea, Pierre, tobacconist, Yates.
Clayton, Jno., Kane.
Cleal, D. (C, Hastie & Bankart) restaurant, 5 Fort.
Clelman, Edmond T., artist, Rae.
Clerjon, Dr., Broad.
Cline, J. P. (Mansell, C. & Co.) butcher, 75 Government.
Clinton, Anthony, tailor, Fisguard.
Clyde, Hiram, engineer, Chatham.
Cochrane, J., carpenter, Michigan.
COCHRANE, J. J., real estate agent, 42 Government.
COCKER, W., M.P.P., withMcadonald & Co.,bankers,Broughton.
Coffin, George, blacksmith, 16 Government.
Cohen, H., tobacconist, 21 and 68 Yates.
Cohen, Henry Moses, clothing store, 27 Yates.
Cohen, H. M., dwl Broughton.
Cohen, Mike, Cheap John, 6 Yates.
COKER, ED., general blacksmith, Victoria, V. I.
Cole, C. H. (C. & Lane) barber and hair-dresser, 32 Johnson.
Cole, George, Humboldt.
Cole, G. W., Park.
Coles, John, livery stables, Broad, dwl Broughton.
Collins, John, Capt., cor Broughton and Douglas.
Colquhoun, Jno. C, City Inspector, Pandora.
Compton, Pym W., clerk Hudson Bay Co., Vancouver.
Cool, G. W., dentist, over Curtis & Moore's store, Yates.
COOPER, W. A., retail grocer, 51 Government, dwl Michigan.
Copeland, , machinist, Quadra.
Copland, Jno., M.P.P., commission merchant, Langley.
Coppold, James, Louisiana Restaurant, 40 Johnson.
Corbineau, M. Michigan.
CorbuH&re Prospdre, grocer, Yates.
Coding, J. H. & Co., assayers, 15 Yates.
CORIN, JOS., stationer, etc., 25 Fort.
Costello, Jno., boatman, Humboldt.
Cotsford, Thos., Chatham.
Couch, Jno. P. (S. Vignolo & Co..) Broad.
Courtney, H. 0., solicitor, 76 Government.
Cowan, Francis, drayman, Government.
Cox, George, painter, Herald.
Cox, John, between Cormorant and Pandora.
Coxon, George, merchant, Kane.
Coxten, Gustavus, laborer, Fisguard.
Cranney & Grennan, lumber merchants, cor Humboldt and Wharf.
Cranford, , with Dickson, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
CRASWELL, W. (Brown & C.) Island Hotel, 129 Government. — -•—--_—$$
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
59
Crespel, M., tailor, Market Alley.
Cridge, Edward, Rev., Rector of Christ Church, Humboldt.
Crosson & Co. provision dealers, Yates.
Crough, J. S., Johnson.
Crowther, John, painter, 106 Yates.
CROWTHER, R. A., painter, 106 Yates, dwl Pandora.
Cruickshank, George, accountant at Bank B. Columbia, Governm't.
Cullen, M., feed-store, 110 Yates.
Culverwell, Wm., general agent, 52 Yates.
Cummings, Wm., shoemaker, Chatham.
Cunningham, Jas., builder, Quadra.
Curtis, C. (C. & Moore) druggist, 39 Yates.
Curtis, Wm., blacksmith, Herald.
Cushman, C. C, produce dealer, 15 Wharf.
Cuthbert, Wm. R., Hudson Bay Co., Wharf.
r>
Dandridge, John, Johnson.
David, Jas., drayman, Government.
David, Jules, (Guild, D. & Co.) merchant, Wharf, dwl St. Nicholas
Hotel.
Davis, H. F., Collinson.
Davis, Jr., H. L., Fort.
Davis, John, plasterer, Humboldt.
Davis, John Chapman, surgeon, etc., 38 Governm't, dwl Michigan.
DAVIS, J. W., M.R.C.S., surgeon and accoucheur, cor Yates
and Langley.
DAVIS, LEWIS, Star & Garter Hotel, 73 Gove'nt, dwl Pandora.
Davis, Wm., blacksmith, Cormorant.
Dawson, Henry, blacksmith, Johnson.
Dawson, Jos., printer, Pandora.
DeCOSMOS, AMOR, editor g British Colonist," Government.
Devi, Chas., shoemaker, Cormorant.
Delany, Jas., molder, Pandora.
Delbit, Thos., engraver and designer, Fisguard.
Demers, Right Rev'd Dr., Roman Catholic Bishop, Humboldt.
Dennes, Geo. Edgar, solicitor and commissioner of deeds for California, 66 Government.
Derham, Bartholomew, grocer and baker, 13 Johnson.
DeSt. Ours, J. F. (St. Ours & Co.) commission merchant, Wharf.
DeVILLIERS, EDWARD, hardware dealer, Gov'nt, dwl Quebec.
De Wolfe, C. H. Dr., bath-house, corner View and Douglas.
Dexter, H. T. (D.-& Heenan) British Amer'n Saloon, Cormorant.
De Young, N. N. & Co., provision dealers, 19 Wharf.
Dickens, W., bootmaker, 73 Fort.
Dickson, Campbell & Co., merchants, Store.
Dickson, Chas., Fisguard.
rJP 60
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Dickson, Jas.,* M.D., coroner Vancouver Island, 54 Government.
Dickson, Jno., stoves and tinware, 17 Johnson.
Dies, John, 82 Yates.
Dietz, Frank, bootmaker, Yates.
Dietz, G. (D. & Nelson's Express) at Wells, Fargo & Co's, Yates.
Dillon, Andrew, tailor, Fisguard.
Dillon, E., cabinet-maker, Humboldt.
Dillon, Michael, Government.
Dix, T. (Whymper & D.) London Coffee-House, Cormorant.
Dixon, Wm., carpenter, Cormorant.
Doane, Jos. H, Rae.
Dobreu, M. E., clothier, 11 Johnson.
DODD, Mr., (Bunting & D.) carriage-maker, 55 Yates.
Dodd, Francis, grocer, 44 Government.
Dougherty, John, Fisguard.
Dougherty, Richard, baker, 46 Johnson.
Douglas, Jno., blacksmith, Yates.
Douglas, Wm. P., drayman, Blanchard.
Dougall & Sons, iron foundry, Indian Reserve.
Dougall, Jno., molder at iron foundry, Indian Reserve.
Doyle, Michael, stone-mason, Fisguard.
Drake, M. W. T., solicitor commissioner of deeds for State of California, 64 Government.
Driard, J., Colonial Restaurant and Colonial Market, 95 Johnson.
Drummond, J. S., hardware, 53 Yates, dwl Rae.
Duck, S. & Co., carriage-makers and blacksmiths, Fisguard.
Ducorrin, G. Mrs., 41 Fort.
Duggan, Wm., laborer, Pandora.
Dumas, C, Market Alley.
Dunn, Jno., stone-cutter, Humboldt.
Dunn, R. D., commission merchant, Wharf.
Dwyer, Jno., porter with J. J. Southgate & Co., Wharf.
Dwyre, Patrick, laborer, Pandora.
Dyers, Wm., general jobber, Fisguard.
E
Earles, E. B., Colonial Hotel, 93 Government, dwl cor Douglas
and View.
Easton, G., carpenter, Pandora.
Easton, J& physician, Heal's Boarding-House, 26 Fort.
..Easton, Wm., Government.
Eastwood, Thos., blacksmith, Johnson.
EBERHARDT, J., hotel-keeper^ Langley.
Eckstein, , (Leneveu & E.) wholesale feed store, 24 Wharf.
Eddy, Geo. Jno., shoemaker, Pandora.
Eddy, James, Royal Hotel Tap, Johnson.
■Sia AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
61
Edgar, D. A. (E. & Aime") wholesale provision mcht, 20 Wharf.
Edwards, David, furniture dealer, Yates.
Edwards, John, carpenter, Government.
Edwards, John, Kane.
Edwards, J., hair-dresser, Yates.
Edwards, Walker, book-keeper at Dickson, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
Ehrenbacher, Jacob, tobacconist, 50 Yates.
Eichoff, Henry, tobacconist, 44 Yates.
Eller, H. B., purser steamer Enterprise, Broad.
Elliott, Andrew, contractor, Fisguard.
ELLIOTT, A. T. (E.  &  Stuart) brewer, Lion Brewery, The
Springs.
Elliott, W. A., engineer steamer Labouchere, Quebec.
Ellswood, R. F., Fisguard.
Elving, W. (Charlton & Co.) cabinet-makers, Pandora.
Ely, Wm., laborer, Pandora.
Emerson, Thos., carpenter, Fisguard.
Emery, James, Fisguard.
Endit, Wm., molder, Quadra.
Engell, F. (E. & Young) baker, 83 Government.
Enghsh, John, laborer, Quadra.
Enias, Geo., 85 Government.
Ernest, Peter, Cariboo Hotel, 6 Wharf.
Esdaile M. (E. & Windsor) grocer, 12 Fort.
Estall, Thos., plasterer, Fort.
Evans, Chas. (Beavan & E.) commission merchant, Fort.
Evans, E., D.D., Wesleyan minister, Broad.
Evans, Jas. (Baxter & Co.) blacksmith and wagon-maker, Johnson.
Evans, Miss, Douglas.
Eyre, J. Carpenter, View.
m
Fardon, G. R., photographer, 68 Government.
Faujas, J., painter, 50 Johnson.
Fawcett, R. W., Kane.
Fawcett, T. L., 92 Yates, dwl Kane.
FELLOWES, ALFRED, hardware dealer, 19 Yates.
FELLOWES, ARTHUR, (F. & Roscoe) hardware dealer, 7 Commercial Block, Wharf.
Fiedeman, H. 0., civil engineer, Bastion.
Fielding, John, carpenter, Cormorant.
Finlayson, Geo. James, Rock Bay.
Fmlayson, Roderick, factor Hudson Bay Co., Rock Bay Cottage.
Fitzefian, John, meat market, Johnson.
Fitzgerald, John, 42 Fort.
Flagil, Adam, shoemaker, Cormorant. - ■■■
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Flasket, Alexander, carpenter, Chatham.
Fletcher, W. H., with Hardy, Gillard & Co., 85 Government.
Flett, Jno., Broughton.
Flint, Jeremiah, carpenter, Quadra.
Flint, John, compositor, " British Colonist" office, Government.
Flynn, Jas., bricklayer, Cormorant.
Fogelski, J., Pandora.
Foley, Frank, Fisguard.
Force, M. Miss, milliner, 63 Yates.
Force, W. M., 63 Yates.
Forbes, Adam, tanner, Government.
Forbes, Henry, Pandora.
Forbes, Thomas, watchmaker, Cormorant.
Forton, J., coffee-dealer, 52 Johnson.
Fortune, Jno., laborer, Pandora.
Fortune, Wm., stone mason, Cormorant.
Foshay, J. W., Yates.
FOSTER, HUGH, lager beer saloon, corner Johnson and Store.
Foster, Jas., Cormorant.
Forsyth, (Jacques & F.) shoemaker, Johnson.
Fossier, Antoine, watchmaker, 102 Government.
Fox, Archibald, hair dresser, 89 Yates.
Francis, Jacob, Bulls Head Hotel, Yates.
Franklin, Lumley, auctioneer and real estate agent, 76 Government, dwl Meares.
FRANKLIN, SELIM, auctioneer and real estate agent, 76 Government, dwl Meares.
Fraser, Alexr., saddler, 102 Yates.
Franchette, Jno., Miners' Restaurant, 18 Waddington Alley.
Francis, Allen, U. S. Consul, Wharf, dwl View.
Francis, Arthur, shoemaker, Yates.
Frayne, Thos., wood carver, Fisguard.
Freedy, Jonathan, Quadra.
Freeman, Jno. H., dry goods store, 12 Johnson.
Freeman, Jno., Chatham.
Freeman, Marcus, bootmaker, 53 Johnson.
FREEMAN, T. P., Variety Store, 26 and 28 Waddington Alley.
Friedenheimer, S. G. & Co., paper hangers, 28 Wharf.
FROST, J. P. (Kent & F.) hardware store, 15 Fort.
Fuillet, Surruier, locksmith, 48 Johnson.
•&
Gallagher, Anthony, laborer, Fisguard.
GAMBITZ, KADY, dry goods store, 43 Yates.
Gant, W. M., teamster, Fisguard.
Gardner, Fras. H, Johnson AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY
63
Gardner, Wm. pilot, James Bay.
Garrett, Thos., plasterer, James Bay.
Gaskell, W. P. (Roper & Co.) clothier, 14 Fort.
Gaskin, Jno., shoemaker, Herald.
Gaspard, T., 3 Market Alley.
Gastineau, Jno., surveyor and civil engineer, Humboldt.
Geiger, Thos., hair-dresser, 74 Government.
GENTILE, G., merchant and importer, Fort.
George, Robert, with P. M. Backus, Rae.
Gera,' Adam, tanner, Johnson.
Gerow, C. (Marvin & G.) carriage-maker and blacksmith, Gov'nt.
Gerrold, Jno. F., carpenter, Fisguard.
Gibbs, J. W. (Lester & Co.) grocer, 20 Yates.
Gibbs, R. A., lodgings, 91 Fort.
Giffin, T. H, barkeeper at Boomerang Inn, Langley Alley.
Gildersleve, Wm., Fisguard.
Giles, Henry, Cormorant.
Giles, Jno. G., cabinet-maker, Fisguard.
GILLARD, HARDY & CO., clothiers and outfitters, 85 Gov't.
Gilligan, Patrick, grocer and fruiterer, 59 Johnson.
GILMORE, ALEXANDER, clothier, 79 Yates.
Gilslaw, Wm., carpenter, Johnson.
Girard, Thos., carpenter and builder, Fisguard.
GLADWIN,
(G., Tarbell & Co.) commission merchant,
Commercial Block, Wharf.
Gladwin, George, Johnson.
Gleede, Thos., Orleans Boarding-House, Cormorant.
Glyde, Hy. (Plaskett & Co.) livery stable, 34 Johnson.
Glynn, J. W. (G. & Blaguire) baker, Cormorant.
Godfrey, Jno., 26 Government.
Goldberg, H. & Co., clothiers, 78 Government.
GOLDEN, THOS., Brown Jug Saloon, 45 Government.
Goldsmith, Isaac, dry goods, 34 Yates.
Goldstein, Chas., merchant tailor, 117 Government.
Goldstone, Saml., general merchant, 34 Wharf.
Gombaud, Hy., 7 Waddington Alley.
Good, Charles, Bird-Cage Walk, James Bay.
Goodwin, James, saddler, Market Alley.
Goodwin, W. G., painter with J. Faujas, 50 Johnson.
Gorrie, Thos., grocer, 65 Fort.
Graham, Geo., Pandora.
Graham, Jas., confectioner, Cormorant.
Graham, Jno., Johnson.
Graham, Wm., shoemaker, Fisguard.
Grahamslaw, — (G. & Morris) builder and contractor, 90 Yates.
Grancini, G. E. (Caire & G.) hardware merchant, 8 Wharf.
Granhoin, W. H, restaurant, 24 Johnson. 64
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Grath, Jno., Market Alley.
Gratton, Wm., blacksmith, Johnson.
Green, 1 with F. W. Green, Broughton.
GREEN, A. R-, agents Imperial Ins. Co. and commission agent,
Langley.
Green, Edward, with S. Price & Co., Wharf.
GREEN, F. W., surveyor and civil engineer, dwl Broughton.
GREEN, J. (G. & Rhodes) commission merchant, Wharf.
Green, Samuel, Herald.
Greenbaum, T., Humboldt.
Greenwood, G., with Hudson Bay Co., dwl James Bay.
Greenwood, T. R., with Hudson Bay Co., Yates.
Grennan, , (G. & Cranney) lumber merchant, cor Humboldt
and Wharf.
GRIFFIN, BENJ. P., Boomerang Inn, 2 Langley Alley.
Grimslaw, James, Pandora.
Grover, Mrs., private boarding-house, Yates.
Grunbaum, Julius, Miner's Saloon, 36 Johnson.
Guest, Thos., Wharf.
Guild, , (G., David & Co.) provision merchant, 1 Commercial
Block, Wharf.
Gumbunier, J. L., importer, etc., 22 Wharf, dwl Park.
Gunbaum, J., Wharf.
H
Hagerman, Jno. C, Quadra.
Haggin, J. B., doctor, 47 Yates.
HALL, A. J. G., physician and accoucheur, Trounce Alley.
Hall, D. R., teamster, Blanchard.
Hall, P., Hall Saloon, 85 Fort.
Hall, Richd., agent, Chatham.
Hallowell, Wm., shoemaker, Johnson.
Halsey, C. (Bowman & H.) livery stable, 37 Yates.
Hamilton, A., Fort.
Hamilton, Christopher, Fort.
Hang Lee, laundry, Cormorant.
Hannah, James, Government.
Hanson, Wm., teller Bank British N. America, 41 Yates.
Hardisty, Jas., cashier Hudson Bay Co., Fort.
HARRIES, W. A., real estate and general agent, 36 Government.
Harris & Co., Leadenhall Market, 61 Johnson.
HARRIS, A. M. (H. & Haseltine) John Bull Hotel, 23 Gov't.
Harris, Jno. (Woolf, H. & Co.) 60 Johnson.
HARRIS, THOMAS, mayor of Victoria, office Police Court, and
butcher, 103 Government, and Wharf, dwl Douglas.
Hart, David, with Shirpser Bros., Yates.
Harvey Bros., commission merchants, 3 Wharf, dwl Fisguard.
■•X
«- AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
Harvey, E. H, manager of Music Hall, Yates, dwl View.
Harvey, Thos., carpenter, Herald.
Harvey, Wm., blacksmith, Johnson.
Harvey, Wright, Herald.
HASELTINE, J. H. (Harris & H.) John Bull Hotel, Governm't.
Haster, Jas., Johnson.
Hastie, Robt. (Cleal, H. & Bankart) restaurant, 5 Fort.
Hatch, Jno., carpenter, Yates.
Hay, Jno., baker, Yates.
Hayes, Mrs., Johnson.
Hayne, J., Fort St. Bakery, Fort.
Haynes, A. C, bootmaker, Cormorant.
Heal, Jno., private boarding-house, 26 Fort.
Heanville, P., fruit-dealer, 57 Johnson.
Heath, Thos., book-keeper with Janion & Green, Wharf.
Heathome, Wm., bootmaker, Cormorant.
Heaton, G. W., 66 Government.
Heenan, Wm. (Dexter & H.) British American Saloon, Cormorant.
Hegele, C, barber, 74 Government.
Hein, Mrs., milliner, 67 Government.
HEISTERMAN, H., Exchange Reading Room, 111 Government.
Helgesson, H. L., Fort.
Helsmartel, L., grocer, Store.
Henderson & Burnaby, commission merchants, 4 Commercial Block,
Wharf.
Henderson, R. W. J., tinsmith, 13 Fort.
Hensley, Albert, clerk to Attorney-General, Yates.
HERRE, W. F., newspaper agent and stationer, Yates.
Hewston, Wm., tanner, Johnson.
Hewston, Wm., Quadra.
Hey wood, Joseph, butcher, 18 Fort.
HIBBEN, T. N.  (H. & Carswell) bookseller and stationer, 37
Yates.
Hicken & Co., meat market, 21 Johnson.
Hickey, Chas., carpenter, Johnson.
HIGGINS, DAVID W., publisher | Chronicle," Government.
Hill, Jno., carpenter, Kane.
Hill, Dr., Right Rev. Bishop, British Columbia, Church Reserve.
Hind, W. G., painter, Douglas.
Hines, E. (Alges & H.) Pioneer Hotel, Yates.
Hing Wah, laundry, 15 Government.
Hinton, Jno., machinist, Johnson.
Hinton, Jno., machinist, Chatham.
Hobbs, Wm., Johnson.
Hocter, Jas., Johnson.
Hodgens, E., watchmaker, 105 Government.
HOFFMAN, A., dealer in dry goods, 74 Yates.
6 ~1
66
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Hoffman, S., View.
Hogan, H., Herald.
Hogan, J. S., millwright, Fisguard. -
Hogan, W. J., Herald.
HOLDEN, E. C, Anglo-American Hotel, cor Douglas and Yates.
Holden, Jno., book-keeper with J. Rueff, Wharf.
Holland, G., Yates.
Holland, Jas., Fisguard.
Hollingsworth, T. C, with Wm. Culverwell, Yates.
Holmes, Miss, Douglas.
Homfray, R., surveyor and civil engineer, Trounce Alley.
Hop Wa, boarding-house, Cormorant.
Horsier, Thomas, plasterer, Johnson.
Horton, Abraham, Johnson.
Hosking, J., grocer, etc., Store.
Hosteller, Jas., Johnson.
Howard, E. Capt., Kane.
HOWARD, F. PRESTON, office " Victoria Directory," Yates.
Huff, John, barber, Herald.
Hughes, Jas., bootmaker, Government.
Hughes, R. W., carpenter, Fisguard.
Hunt, J. M.   (Cameron & H.) blacksmith and carriage-maker,
Cormorant.
Hunter, James, Market Alley.
Hunter, J. (Jackson & H.) pork butcher, 3 Fort.
HUSTON, GUY, gunsmith, 17 Yates.
Huung Chong, laundry, Douglas.
Hypolite, N., hair-dresser, 97 Government.
Ibbitson, John, grocer, Humboldt.
Iliffe, Chas., surgeon dentist, Government.
Riffe, George, 77 Government.
Irvine, Alexr., Fisguard.
Irvine, Thos., machinist, Fisguard.
Irving, Jas., Johnson.
Irving, Wm., capt. steamer Reliance, Broad.
Isaacs, C, clothier, Yates.
Israel, A. (Martin & I.) Indian trader, 13 Johnson.
Ivey, W. H, laborer, Fisguard.
Jackson, E. H, tailor, 20 Johnson.
Jackson, J. (Hunter & J.) pork butcher, 3 Fori.
Jackson, J. G. (W. E. Stronach & J.) lumber merchant, Wharf.
Jackson, Jas. S., with Anderson & Co., Fort.
-- -"-""-' AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
67
Jackson, Jno., provision merchant, 101 Fort.
Jackson, Thos., drayman, Johnson.
Jackson, Mr., surgeon, etc., Store.
Jacobi, David, restaurateur, 48 Yates.
Jacobs, A., cleaner and dyer, 22 Waddington Alley.
Jacobs, L., Tuolumne Restaurant, 41 Johnson.
Jacques, (J. & Forsyth) bootmaker, Johnson.
Jamieson, C. 0., grocer, 72 Government.
JANION, GREEN & RHODES, commission merchants, Wharf.
Jedding, Robt., Johnson.
Jedding, Rufus, Johnson.
Jeffery, James, carpenter, James Bay.
Jeffrey, Henry, cabinet-maker, Pandora.
Jeffray, Henry, cabinet-maker, Cormorant.
Jeffray, John, with Pierce & Seymour, Broad.
Jeffray, T., carpenter, Yates.
Jeffray, T. W. C, painter, Douglas.
JEFFRAY, WILLIAM, broker, 26 Wharf.
JEFFRAY, Mrs., dry goods and millinery, 57 Government.
Jefts, Mrs., dressmaker, Courtney.
Jelly, Jonathan, Johnson.
Jend, H. M., provision dealer, Store.
Jersey, Wm., laborer, Government.
JESSOP, T. C, Central School, Fort.
Jewil, Henry, carpenter, Pandora.
Joel, Saml., Pandora.
Johns, M., carpenter, Cormorant.
Johnson, E. Mrs., seamstress, 43 Forfc.
Johnson, H. C, baker, 3 Waddington Alley.
Johnson, R. B., with G. Pearkes, solicitor, Government.
Johnston, Adam, waterman, View.
Johnston, D. B., carpenter and builder, Yates.
Johnston, Isaac, (Brown & J.) bootblack, 89 Government.
Johnston, James, Johnson.
Johnston, J. J., waterman, Fort.
Johnston, Wm., blacksmith, Waddington Alley.
Jones, Charles, carpenter and builder, Yates.
Jones, Columbus, Johnson.
Jones, D., Douglas.
Jones, Jas. Capt., Pandora.
Jones, T., clerk Hudson Bay Co., Queen's Avenue.
Joshua, Chas., Cormorant.
Juneson, Peter, tinsmith, Johnson.
Jungerman, T. L., watchmaker, 55 Yates.
Juslin, W., Broad. 68
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Kaufman, D., tailor, View.
KAVANAGH, DENIS, (K. & Bales) dealer in wood and coal,
Humboldt.
Keegan, Adam, carpenter, Cormorant.
Keegan, Luke, Johnson.
Keenan, J. C, Fashion Hotel, 21 Yates, dwl 7 Langley Alley.
Keithley, Louis, bricklayer, Quadra.
Keller, Augustus, (K. & Plummer) San Francisco Restaurant, 43
Johnson.
Kellogg, Adam, carpenter, Quadra.
Kelly, Chas., Cormorant.
KELLY, J. L., hardware dealer, Yates.
Kelly, Saml. L., tinsmith, 32 Yates.
Kemp, Misses, Maclure.
Kempton, F. G., 16 Government.
Kennedy, John, with P. M. Backus, dwl Rae.
KENT, J. C. (K. & Frost) hardware store, 15 Fort.
Kerr, Robt., Superior.
KEYSER, JAS. W., tent-maker, 12 Yates.
King, J. H, barkeeper, Mousquetaire Saloon, Johnson.
King, Robt., Cormorant.
King, Wm., restaurant and bakery, 35 Johnson.
King, Mrs., Superior.
Kirby, Jno., Quadra.
Kirk, W. H, provision dealer, 92 Yates.
Kirline, Patrick, (K. & Seitz) furrier, etc., 26 Johnson.
Kirston, Francis, shoemaker, Cormorant.
Knapp, H, builder, Langley.
Knox, Jonathan, blacksmith, Quadra.
Koshland Brothers, dry goods and clothiers, 1 Yates.
Krimler, John, (St. Ours & Co.) commission merchant, Wharf.
Kun Lee, laundry, Quadra.
Kuper, Wm., carpenter, Quadra.
Kwong Lee & Co., commission merchants, Cormorant.
Kwong Sing, Sacramento Restaurant, Waddington Alley.
Labrie, Louis, Quadra.
Lacy, Gilbert, M.R.C.S., surgeon, Yates.
Lagrange, Mrs., boarding-house, Store.
Lambert, E. (L. & Reed) grocer, Yates.
Lane, Benjamin, (Cole & L.) barber, View.
Lang, G., Scotch baker, Bastion.
Lang, , shipbuilder, Laurel Point.
Lang, G., Herald. AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
69
LANGLEY BROTHERS, druggists, 31 Yates.
Langley, Edward, carpenter, Johnson.
Langrick, Charles, carpenter, Johnson.
Larman, James, boot and shoemaker, 10 Yates.
LASH, ISADORE, milliner, 99 Government.
Latham, James, carpenter, Courtney.
Laumeister & Gowen, brewers, Government.
Launders, Charles, Government.
Lavarretia, Manuel, Yates.
Lawder, M., shoemaker, Johnson.
Lawrence, Geo., Kane.
Lawson, Chas., View.
Lawson, W. (L. & Steede) restaurant, Fort.
Ledlow, painter and builder, Yates.
Ledrier, A., Mousquetaire's Saloon, 72 Johnson.
Lee Song, Pandora.
Lee, William, James Bay.
Lee-y-shang, Dr., Chinese doctor, Cormorant.
LENEVEU, DAVID, (L. & Eckstein) wholesale feed store, 24
Wharf.
Lennie, C, Market Alley.
Leonard, C. E., Blanchard.
Leopold, Chas., blacksmith with Duck & Co., Fisguard.
Lerritsen, John, grocer, Humboldt.
Lester & Gibbs, grocers, 20 Yates.
Letaire, A., California Restaurant, 19 Johnson.
Lettier, Robert, carpenter, Pandora.
Levi, John, Globe Hotel, 36 Government.
Levi, Jno. J., jeweler, 40 Yates.
Levich J., clerk Hudson Bay Co., Government.
Levison, John, carpenter, Fisguard.
Levy, Bros., L. & N., Cheap John Store, 25 Johnson.
Levy, Charles, importer, 21 Wharf.
Levy, J., tailor, Johnson.
Levy, John, Broad.
Levy, Louis, clothier, 1 Johnson.
Lewin, Slerman, (Braverman & L.) tobacconist, 72 Yates.
Lewis, H. C, Hudson Bay Co., dwl James Bay.
Lewis, J., merchant tailor, 71 Yates.
Lewis, John, Johnson.
Lewis, John Richard, architect, Government.
Lewis, Lewis, clothier, 42 Yates.
Lewis, Philip, tobacconist, 62 Yates.
LEWIS, R., undertaker, 29 Government.
LEWIS, RICHARD, architect, Government.
Lindsay, Daniel, China and glass ware, 23 Fort.
Lissett, Jas., (Caulier & Co.) builder, 27 Fort. 70
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Little, James, Pandora.
LITTLE, JNO. T., coal merchant, Wharf, dwl Rae.
Littler, Fredk. & Co., muffin bakery, Pandora.
Livingstone, E. (Schloss & L.) banker, Yates.
L'L'Hotelier, wine merchant, 7 Wharf.
Loat, Christopher, clerk Anderson & Co., Wharf.
Loewown, Joseph, lager beer saloon, 84 Government.
Lohse, F. W., game-dealer, 90 Government.
Lomas, W. H., commission agent, 21 Fort.
Lonan, J. J., View.
Lonard, W. H, Johnson.
London, William, gardener, Michigan.
Long, Thomas, news reporter, 41 Fort.
Loncks, Edward, furrier, Johnson.
Loson, James, Johnson.
Lovell, J., clerk with S. Price & Co., Wharf.
Lowe, Charles, dwl Herald.
LOWE, JAMES, (L. Bros.) commission agent, 39 Yates.
LOWENBERG, LEOPOLD, real estate agent, 39 Government.
Lung Lung, general packers and grocers, Cormorant.
Lyne, Henry, printer " Chronicle " office, Yates.
Ml.
MacAlister, J. C, clerk with Greeman & Crawney, Wharf.
MACDONALD &. CO., bankers, 5 Yates.
Macdonald, A. D. (M. & Co.) dwl Springfield.
Mack, E., clerk with Anderson & Co., Humboldt.
Mackie, John, clerk to S. Franklin & Co., 76 Government.
Magee, Mrs., boarding-house, Yates.
MAIN, A. F., broker, 26 Wharf.
Malatesta & Co., grocers, cor Johnson and Oriental Alley.
Mallandaine, R. D., Yates.
Malowanski, J., dwl Fisguard.
Malowanski, M., tobacconist, 45 Yates.
Malster, William, laborer, dwl Douglas.
Mancret, J., at Hotel de France, dwl Broad.
MANETTA, P., Oriental Alley, 46 Yates.
Mansell, George, grocer, 59 Fort.
Mansell, H., bootmaker, 87 Government.
Mansell, Jas. (M., Cline & Co.) butchers, 75 Government
Mansell, Thos., blacksmith, Herald.
Manson, Phineas, Humboldt.
Manson, Thomas, wheelwright, James Bay.
Manuel & Lyons, clothiers, 15 Johnson.
Marks, Elias, watchmaker and jeweler, 30 Yates.
Marks, , (Blackman & M.) hardware, etc., 13 Yates. AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
71
Marks, Simon, View.
Marsh, Charles J., clerk Hudson Bay Co., Oak Farm.
Martin & Israel, Indian traders, 53 Johnson.
Martin, Abram, merchant, Johnson.
MARTIN, J. D., saddler, 38 Yates.
Martin, John, grocer, Humboldt.
Martin, T. P., book-keeper, 44 Wharf
Marvin, Edgar, hardware merchant, Fort.
Marvin, E. B., sailmaker, 42 Wharf.
Marvin & Gerow, carriage-makers and blacksmiths, Government.
Mason, , (Spence & M.) plumber, Bastion.
MASON, GEORGE, (M. & Balls) Identical Saloon, 2 Yates.
Mason, Richard, (M. & Green) blacksmith, Government.
Masterson, J. A., blacksmith, Fisguard.
Masterson, Wm., Cormorant.
Masure, John, watchmaker, Cormorant.
Matthews, G. H. (Brown & M.) clothier, 5 Waddington Alley.
Matthews, Jno. G., Quadra.
Matthie, Alexr., carpenter, Broad.
MATTHIESSEN, P., St. Nicholas Hotel, 111 Government.
MATTHIESSEN, N. C, St. Nicholas Hotel, 111 Government.
Mattocks, C. D., compositor, "British Colonist" office.
Maud, Henry, machinist, Fisguard.
Maxwell, Adam, tanner, Fisguard.
Maxwell, John, ship carpenter, Cormorant.
Maxwell, Thomas, Quadra.
May, Enoch, Government.
McCANN, THOS. H, Phoenix Saloon, 16 Yates, dwl 55 Fort.
McCarty, Dennis, Cormorant.
McCaskell, K., "British Colonist" office, Government.
McCrea, A., with Fraser & Co., saddler, 102 Yates.
McCREA, J. A., auctioneer, 25 Wharf, dwl Douglas.
McCredy, John J., builder, View.
McDonald, J. W., carpenter, Store.
McDonnell, J., tailor, 1 Government.
McDONNELL, R. T. Mrs., restaurant, 49 Government.
McDougall, George, Maclure.
McHardy, , 17 Wharf.
Mcintosh, A. K., carpenter and builder, 100 Yates.
McKay, J. G., wine merchant, Bastion, dwl Rae.
McKay, J. H., James Bay.
McKenzie, D., book-keeper "British Colonist" office, Government.
McKenzie, J. (Bowland & M.) Overland Rest, Broad.
McKenzie, Kenneth, James Bay.
McKean, Wm., Wharf.
McKeon, Wm., bar-keeper at P. Manetta's, dwl Broughton.
McLean, Alexr., bootmaker, 9 Fort. 72
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
McManus, J., carpenter, Douglas.
McMillan, Alexr., Chatham.
McMILLAN, JAMES E., publisher " Chronicle," Government.
McQuade, James, ship chandler, 41 Wharf.
McQUADE, PETER, ship chandler, 41 Wharf, dwl Fort. ;
McTavish, Dugald, chief factor Hudson Bay Co., dwl Bastion.
McTernan, P., general dealer, 3 Johnson.
Mebius, Charles, cooper, Fisguard.
Medina, P., merchant, Fort.
Medrold, Henry, tailor, 27 Johnson.
Meldrum, George, ship carpenter, View.
MELDRUM, N. K.  (M., Stewart & Co.) commission merchant,
Langley.
Melertich, Saml., Adelphi Saloon, 45 Yates.
Merrett, H. J., Rudolph Saloon, 15 Waddington Alley.
Meyer, Arnold, (Charlton & M.) cabinet-maker, Pandora.
Meyer, M. (M. & Trieste) clothier, 29 Yates, dwl Pandora.
Meyer, M. (Banelli & M.) hair dresser, 97 Government.
Middleton, Robt., Herald.
Milby, W., grocer, 18 Johnson.
Miles, Walter, (Wilson & M.) Australia House, 5 and 9 Gove'nt.
Miller, Ernest, shoe findings, 28 Johnson.
Miller, J. (Vogel & M.) baker, 86 Government.
Miller, J., waterman, View.
Miller, Wm. (M. & Phelps) Miner's Restaurant, 68 Johnson.
Minis, John, Fisguard.
Mitchell, T., groceries and provisions, Store.
Mitchell, Thos., What Cheer House, Yates.
Moles, W., Douglas.
Molitor, S. & Co., assayers, 11 Yates.
Monaghan, Terence, Cormorant.
Monet, , (Morris & M.) tobacconist, 71 Government.
Monitz, M., Yates.
Montabio, Giovanni, fishmonger, 17 Waddington Alley.
Moody, J. A., newsman, 105 Yates.
MOORE, JAMES, (Searby & M.) druggist, 53 Government, dwl
Gordon.
Moore, M. (Curtis & M.) druggist, 39 Yates.
Moore, N. & Co., dry goods, 58 Yates.
Morris, H, Fisguard.
Morris, H. J. (M. & Co.) Yates.
Morris, John, surveyor, Superior.
Morris & Monet, tobacconists, 71 Government.
Morris, Thomas, carpenter, Rae.
Morris, , (Grahamslaw & M.) builder, 90 Yates.
Morrison, Chas., Snug Restaurant, 38 Wharf.
Morrison, John, Broad:
h^». AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
73
Morrison, M. G., clerk, Park Cottage, Humboldt.
Moses, Fredk., Dr., Kane.
Mouatt, Wm., capt. steamer Enterprise, James Bay.
Moulton, Archibald, blacksmith, Douglas.
Mqutori, Auguste, Park.
Mouttet, L., produce merchant, 22 Johnson.
Muir, William, commission agent, Langley.
Munro, Alexander, accountant Hudson Bay Co.
Munson, James, carpenter, Herald.
Munson, Thomas, Fisguard.
Murphy, Peter, laborer, Fisguard.
Murray, James, Yates.
Murray, Jno. R., baker, 66 Johnson.
MURRAY, N. (Willson & M.) baker, 29 Fort.
Murray, Simon, blacksmith, Gordon.
Mustrove, Robert, Government.
Muxley, Joseph, carpenter, Fisguard.
1ST
NAGLE, JEREMIAH, (J. N. & Co.) shipping agent, Bastion,
dwl James Bay.
Nathan, Alexander, merchant, Wharf, dwl Government.
NATHAN, HENRY, Sr., merchant, 2 Commercial Block, Wharf,
dwl Government.
Nathan, Henry, Jr., merchant, Wharf, dwl Government.
Nathan S., Temple Saloon, 36 Yates.
Neal, W. R., carpenter, Johnson.
Neelan, Michael, 97 Fort.
Neely, Aaron, stone-cutter, Herald.
Nelson, James, Johnson.
Nelson, , expressman Wells, Fargo & Co., Yates.
Nesbitt, Jno., shoemaker, Johnson.
NESBITT, SAML., biscuit bakery, 59 Yates.
Neustadt, N., Yates.
Newberger, Wm., Chrysopolis Saloon, 45 Johnson.
Newman, Isaac, Rae.
Nias, Mrs. E., Michigan.
Nicholls, Jno., Johnson.
Nicholls, William, painter, Pandora.
Nicholls, William, carpenter, Broad.
Nicholls, Dr., Grove Lodge between Douglas and Blanchard.
Nicholson, A. N, family grocer, 32 Fort.
Nicholson, J. C, clerk with Dickson, Campbell & Co., Wharf.
Ninas, Salva, private boarding-house, Trounce Alley.
Noldermier, M., Yates.
Noltemeier, August, bootmaker, 102 Yates. Nowlan, , Humboldt.
Nuttall, Thos. C, book-keeper with J. J. Southgate & Co., Wharf.
O
O'Byrne, Felix, 53 Fort.
O'Dwyer, P., baker, 43 Government.
Oldham, W., Kane.
Oliver, W. H, groceries, etc., 10 Johnson.
Oliver, W. H, bowling saloon, 11 Waddington Alley.
Ollard, Wm., gas-fitter, Johnson.
Ormiston, Jno., shoemaker, Quadra.
Orr, Robert, carpenter, Quadra.
Oughton, W., " British Colonist" office, Government.
Page, William, Fort.
Palmer, Juan, Humboldt.
Parke, Thos., drayman, Government.
Parker, Jno., Maclure.
PARKINSON, F. Mrs., milliner, cor Broad and View.
Parmenter, Thos., Fisguard.
Passerard, H, 70 Johnson.
PASSMORE, E. J., James Bay.
Patch, C, wheelwright, Cormorant.
Patterson, John, laborer, Cormorant.
Patterson, Wm., shoemaker, Fisguard.
PATTRICK, THOS. & CO., liquor dealers, 131 Government.
Peaggio, Juilio, Johnson.
Pearce, Isabel, baths and restaurant, 91 Government.
Pearcy, Alexr., Pandora.
Pearkes, Fredk., Fort.
Pearkes, George, solicitor, public notary, 64 and 70 Government.
Pearson, Edward, Pandora.
PENDERGAST, E. C, agent for Wells, Fargo & Co., 25 Yates,
dwl Langley Alley.
Penrice, Misses, Collegiate School, dwl Rae.
Pepper, Robert, Herald.
PERRETT, FRANK, (P. & Tighe) Albion Saloon, 14 Yates.
Perry, Peter, shoemaker, Cormorant.
Petchlear, Gustave, grocer, 29 Johnson.
Petro, Jno., carpenter, Herald.
Phelps, Ed. (Miller & P.) Johnson, dwl View.
Phelps, R. M., Pioneer Lunch, 11 Johnson.
Phillips, Alexr., soda water manufacturers, house 71 and 77 Port.
Phillips, S., watchmaker, 83 Government. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
75
PICKETT & CO. (R. & H. A. P.) provision merchants, 3 Commercial Block, Wharf.
Pickles, J. C, 7 Fort.
Picot, Julia, View.
Pidwell, J. T., secretary Horticultural Society, Humboldt.
PIERCE & SEYMOUR, furniture dealers, 49 Broad.
Pigott, J., Meares.
Pitts, J. H, 55 Government.
Plaskett, Wm. (P. & Glide) livery stables, 54 Johnson.
Plummer, Wm. (Keller & P.) 43 Johnson.
PORTER, A., brickmaker, Sannich Road.
Posey, T. R., corner Fort and Government.
Post-Office, Victoria, 46 Wharf.
Poston, James G., merchant, Broughton.
POWELL, J. W., physician, 1 Fort.
Poynter, Nathan, hosier, 60 Government, dwl Johnson.
Prag, Martin, hardware dealer, 28 Yates.
Preston, Robt., Fisguard.
Price, Saml. & Co., merchants, 4 Wharf.
Price, Thomas, waterman, Fisguard.
Price, Thos. G., Kane.
Prindle, E. J., Rae.
Prior, Jas. K., gas-fitter, 6 Johnson.
PRITCHARD, Thomas, horticulturist, Mount Pleasant, Meares.
Promis, G., groceries and provisions, 62 Johnson.
Pryce, K. Campbell, 66 Government.
Q
QUARLES, FREDK., St. Nicholas Saloon, Government.
Quick, , compositor, | British Colonist " office, Government.
Quon Hah, washing and ^oning, Store.
X£
-, Government.
Raggazoni, -
Raggazoni, J. & Co., provision dealers, 75 Yates.
Ramous, Samuel, Temple Saloon, 36 Yates.
Randall, Philip, Yates.
Rapalja, Wm., blacksmith, Government.
Ratigan, Edward, stone-cutter, Humboldt.
Raymond, Jno., carver, Government.
Read, Edward, tailor, 58 Fort.
Reed, R. D. (R. & Lambert) grocer, Yates.
Reid, J. N. C, merchant, Humboldt.
Reid, W. H., watchmaker, 73 Fort.
Reinhart, Simon, Humboldt. ■MWWUr-W"
76
THE    BRISISH    COLUMBIAN
Reppon, Wm., candy manufacturer, 96 Yates.
Reynolds, Fredk., butcher, London Market, 112 Yates.
RHODES, HENRY, (Janion, Green & R.) Wharf, dwl Herald.
Richard, Fortune, carpenter, Fort.
Richards, Henry, Superior, James Bay.
Richards, Wm., painter, Fisguard.
Richardson, Geo., Victoria Hotel, 21 Government.
Ridge, Josh. Chas., commission merchant, 46 Government.
Ridge, J., Quebec.
Rillesley, Chas. Johnson.
Ring, D. B., barrister, corner Douglas and Fort.
Ringo, J., Yates.
Ringo, Samuel, Verandah Hotel, 9 Johnson.
Roberts, Timothy, drayman, Yates.
Robertson, Andrew, merchant tailor, 8 Fort.
Robertson, Fredk., cabinet-maker, 80 Johnson.
Robertson, J. M., View.
Robinson, A. W., merchant, Government.
Robinson, J. B., merchant, Government. . «»
Rodgers, A. W., clerk, Collinson.
Rodgers, L. S. (R. & Winter) grocers, 82 Government.
Rolland, Jno., Herald.
Rolland, Adam, painter, Johnson.
Rollings, E., bootmaker, 42 Johnson.
Rondo, Matt, carpenter, Fisguard.
ROPER, S. (R. & Co.) clothier, 14 Fort.
ROSCOE/P. J. (Fellowes & R.) ironmongers, Wharf.
Rose, A., at "British Colonist" office, Government..
Ross, G., bootmaker, 48 Johnson.
Rossiter, Samuel, laborer, Chatham.
Rossiter, James, plasterer, Fisguard.
Rothwell, Chas., carpenter, Johnson.
Rowe, Leonard, painter, Blanchard.
Rowen, Robert, Quadra.
Rueff, Jules, provision merchant, Wharf.
Ruff, Martin, shoemaker, Humboldt.
Rushton, Henry, clerk Bank of British Columbia, dwl Humboldt.
Rusland, William, tinsmith, Johnson.
Russell, Edwin, clerk Bank of British Columbia, dwFFort.
Rutherford, Robt., Johnson.
Ryan, Patrick, Humboldt.
S
SALES, WILLIAM, laundry, Kane.
Sampson, George, carpenter, Broad.
SAM WOO, Lord Nelson Restaurant, Store: AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
77
Sandove, Stephen, with S. Duck & Co., blacksmith, Fisguard.
Sandrie, G., fruit and tobacco, 81 Government.
Sarrel, Robt., mason, Broad.
SAUNDERS, , (Wright & S.) architect, Broad.
Sayers, A. N. & Co. (Akers .& Co.) fruit dealers, 5 Johnson.
Sayers, H. A., Blanchard.
Sayward, W. P., lumber merchant, corner Wharf and Port.
Schloss & Livingstone, bankers, Yates.
Schloss, F. (S. & Livingtone) bankers, Yates, dwl Cormorant.
Schofield, A. J., contractor, Fisguard.
Scott, Chas., Broad.
Scott, George, Government.
Scott, Jno. A., Fisguard.
Scott, Webb & Co., City Auction Rooms, corner Fort and Wharf.
Scully, M., painter, Blanchard.
SEARBY, W. M. (S. & Moore) druggist, 53 Government.
Secombe, William, machinist, Cormorant.
Seelie, H. P. (H. P. S. & Co.) Government.
Seelie, J. P. (H. P. S. & Co.) Government.
Sehl, D., Market Alley.
SEHL, JACOB, furniture dealer, 35 Government, dwl Broughton.
Seitz, Julius, (Kirline & S.) furrier, Johnson.
Shanks, Hugh, carpenter, View.
Shannon, Solomon, tobacconist, 10 Yates.
Sharpes, Chas. H., carpenter, Johnson.
Shaw, James, Government.
Shaw, James, Johnson.
SHAW, JAMES A. (S. & Shettleroe) butcher, Fort.
Shearsmith, A., Maclure.
Sheldan, John, tanner, Fisguard.
Shepherd, Guy L. (Tilly & S.) manuf. washing machines, Yates.
SHEPHERD, J. G., manager Bank of B. N. America, Yates.
Sheridan, John, piano-forte tuner, Johnson.
Sherwood, Thos. J., clerk Hudson Bay Co., James Bay.
Shettleroe, J. (Shaw & S.) butcher, 39 Fort.
SHIRPSER BROS., Cheap John store, 3 Yates, dwl Pandora. •
SHOOLBRED, W. C, milliner, 4 Fort, dwl Quebec.
Short, Henry, gunmaker, Government.
SHOTBOLT, THOMAS, chemist and druggist, 55 Johnson.
Sickler, J. L., Pony Saloon, 100 Government.
SIFPKEN, A. E. (S. Bros. & Co.) merchant, 2 Johnson.
SIFFKEN, W. C. (S. Bros. & Co.) merchant, 2 Johnson.
Silva, John, fruit-dealer, 27 Johnson.
Simpson, Chas. E., Hudson Bay Co., Ross Bay.
Simson, Aaron, dealer in camphene, 114 Yates.
Sires, David, James Bay.
Skinner, Robt. clerk with J. J. Southgate, Wharf. THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
A
Sloamen, Benjamin, Wharf.
Smith, John, carpenter, Meares.
Smith, Josh., tailor, 42 Johnson.
Smith, T. P., Kane.
SMITH, W. B., grocer, 80 Government.
Smith, W. B., cabinet-maker, Broughton.
Smithie, Fielding, Port.
Solomon, M., Broad.
Solomon, Nathan, clothier, 18 Yates.
Sommerville, Alexr., Johnson.
SOUTHGATE, J. J. (J. J. S. & Co.) merchant, 12 Wharf
Sparrow, J. M., clerk in post-office, Pandora. ^^ <m»~-> HloJ.
Speede, John, Fort. ^ j0 L^ j-faj ^ff-turL
Spence, John, carpenter, Pandora.
Spence, J. (S. & Mason) plumbers, Bastion.
Sporburg J. (Friedenheimer & Co.) paper-hanger, 28 Wharf.
Sporburg, W. L., merchant, Wharf.
Spotts, J., cooper, Herald.
Spregel, David, Trounce Alley.
Sproat, Gilbert M. (E. Stamp & Co.) merchant, Wharf.
Stagg, Philip, carpenter, Cormorant.
Stagg, Silas*, Cormorant.
Stahlschmidt, Thos. Lett, with Henderson & Burnaby, Wharf.
Stamjrehl, August, 119 Government.
Stapleton, Wm., with Langley Bros., dwl Douglas.
Stark, R. R., clerk with J. A. McCrea, Wharf.
Steede, , (Lawson & S.) restaurant, Fort.
Steele, P., at Royal Exchange, 19 Fort, j
Steele, R. W., Douglas.
STEMMLER & CO., upholsterers, 47 Government.
Stenhouse, Alexander, with A. F. Maine, Wharf.
STEVENS, D. 0., steam saw-mill, corner Government and Wharf,
dwl Gordon.
Stevens, Edwin, surveyor with F. W. Green, Broughton.
Stevenson, Wm., carpenter, Quadra.
STEWART,  , (Wallace & S.) brass founder, 3 Langley
Alley.
Stewart, James, with J. D. Little, Kane.
STEWART, R. (S., Meldrum & Co.) merchant, Langley.
Stockham, Fredk., with R. Dogherty, Johnson.
Stockwell, Frederick, carpenter, Blanchard.
Stoddart, George, Pandora.
Stone, Robert Sly, Hudson Bay Co., dwl Ross Bay.
Storey, Thos. E., carpenter, View.
Stott, M. Miss, Superior.
Strachan, James, spirit dealer, 23 Wharf.
Stronach, A. N, clerk with W. E. Stronach, Wharf.
WkAO-L 4.,iijii,!.i,iJ,,.ilU.U.i|pi4.,,.,Jl)M,:'.	
mm
k
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
79
STRONACH, W. E. (J. G. Jackson & Co.) lumber merchant,
Wharf.
Stuart, J. B., Superior.
Sturgeon, Robt., blacksmith, Herald.
Staskes, Richard, carrier, Kane.
St. Ours & Co., commission merchants, Wharf.
Summers, John, blacksmith, Blanchard.
Sutherland, Arthur, with Searby & Moore, Government.
Sutherland, John, baker, Broad.
SUTRO, EMIL, (G. S. & Co.) tobacco merchant, 24 Yates.
Sutro, Gustav, (G. S. & Co.) tobacco merchant, 24 Yates.
Swan, William, bricklayer, Fisguard.
Swannick, T. F., general agent, Bastion.
Swanson, John, capt. steamer Labouchere, Chatham.
Sychal, John, game-dealer, Johnson.
Sykes, William, builder, Chatham.
Sylvester, Chas., carpenter, Johnson.
T
Tait, Jno., clerk Hudson Bay Co., dwl James Bay.
Talisman, John, Fort.
TARBELL, FRANK, (Gladwin, T. & Co.) merchant, 5 Wharf
Taylor & Willson, restaurant, 56 and 64 Johnson.
Taylor, J., Scotch Bakery, Bastion.
Taylor, James, Broad.
Taylor, Robert, shoemaker, Herald.
Tephill, J. P. (T. & Tibbs) oyster saloon, Oriental Alley.
Thain, John, James Bay.
Thain, J. M., Humboldt
Thain, M. W., Humboldt.
Thain, R. A., clerk, dwl Humboldt.
.Thain, W. H, Humboldt.
THOMAS, EUGENE, wine and spirit merchant, 8 Yates.
Thomas, M. D. Mrs., dressmaker, Port.
Thorne, Cornelius, clerk, dwl Fort.
Thornhill, Richard, 50 Fort.
Tibbs & Tephill, oyster saloon, Oriental Alley.
Tiedemann, H. 0., civil engineer, Bastion, dwl Superior.
Tierney, John M., " British Colonist" office, dwl Fort.
TIGHE, THOS. F. (Perrett & T.) Albion Saloon, 14 Yates.
Tilley, Arthur, (T. & Shepherd) machinist, dwl Broad.
TIMMERMAN, J, B., real estate agent, 92 Government.
Tobias, P., liquor dealer, 48 Government.
Todd, R. D., clothier, 125 Government.
Todd, J. H. (T., Turner & Co.) Victoria Produce Market, Langley.
Todd, W., clothier, 125 Government. ■s**«i«**«w"*.^^»w^**"»**ps*w*i
Hi
1
80
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Toleson, Seth B., tailor, Johnson.
Toles'on, W. B., tailor, Johnson.
Tolmie, W. F., trader Hudson Bay Co., Clover Dale,  j
Tompkins, David, with Mansell & Co., butcher, dwl Trounce Alley.
Trainer, A. Mrs., laundress, Collinson.
Travers, Augustus, drayman, Yates.
Travo, Lawrence, coffee-roaster, 13 Johnson.
Trieste, S. (Meyer & T.) clothier, Yates.
Trimble, Dr., Broad. U\M
Tripp, P. F., Herald.
Trounce, Thomas, contractor and builder, Superior.
Tucker, William H. H, saloon, 78 Yates.
Turner, J. H. (Todd, T. & Co.) Vic'a Produce Market, Langley.
Turner, , (Turner & Black) surgeon, Broad.
Tuzo, H. A., wharfinger Hudson Bay Co., Bastion.
XJ
Unan, Jno., wheelwright, Park.
Upsher, Jno., boarding-house, Humboldt.
Vaenberg, E. H, jeweler, 66 Yates.
VALENTINE, HENRY, St. Nicholas Restaurant, 111 Gov'ment.
Varicas, Horatio, land agent, 17 Government.
VAUGHN, , photographer, Victoria Theater, Government.
Vereydhen, C. H., corner Douglas and Fort.
VIGNOLO, G. (G. V. & Co.) merchant, 27 Wharf.
Vincent, E., View.
Vinson, Alexr., Store.
Vinson, Hy., Sr., bakery, Store.
Vinson, Hy., Jr., Store.
Vogel, John V. (V. & Miller) baker, 86 Government.
Vogan, Henry, Johnson.
Vowell, Arthur, Meares.
TV
Waddell, John, Yates.
Waddington, E. 0., Johnson.
WAGNER, PHILIP, Sr., sausage-maker, 30 Port.
Wagner, Philip, Jr., sausage-make^ 30 Fort.
Wahlschmidt, Thos. Lett, Hudson Bay Co., Ross Bay.
Waincott, Jno., shoemaker, Government.
Waitt, J. W., produce dealer, Cormorant.
Waitt, Marshall, with Hibben & Carswell, dwl Cormorant.
Waitt, R. W., dwl. Cormorant.
A
Mi
e*is«
Ru-^a^ AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
81
Waitt, J. Capt., produce dealer, 65 Yates.
WALFORD A. HARRIES, real estate and general agent, 36
Government.
WALLACE, ROBT. (W. & Stewart) brass-founder, etc., 3 Langley Alley.
Wallace, C. W., with Dickson, Campbell & Co.) 16 Wharf.
Wallace, Stephen, with S. Duck & Co., Fisguard.
Wallace, D., Pioneer.
Waldron, I. Mrs., laundress.
Walker, Thos., surgeon and dentist, 3 Fort.
WALKER, JAS. D., manager Bank British North America, Government.
WALTON, HY. (W. & Barnett) general agent, over Curtis &
Moore's, corner Yates and Langley.
Ward, Barton, agent, Government.
Ward, B. W., with W. E. Stronach, Wharf.
WARD, M. (Gillard & Co.) clothiers, 85 Government.
Warner, J., baker, 31 Johnson.
Washington, Thomas, carpenter, Yates.
Watson, A., boiler-maker and blacksmith, Langley Alley.
Watson, Edward, watchmaker, 42 Wharf.
Watson, Ernest, cigar dealer, 54 Government.
Webster & Co., boot and shoe-dealers, 30 Yates.
Wegner, Fredk., restaurateur, 69 Fort.
WEISSENBURGER, F., merchant and com'n agent, 30 Gov'ent. z
Welch, A. J., auctioneer, 9 Wharf.
Welch, Geo., messenger at Bank of British Columbia, Government.
etc., 33 Johnson.
Welcher, Benjamin, grocer, . * ..
r, W. T., civil engineer,
Welche
Wells,
■"drayman, Collinson.
X
Wells^Allan & Samuel, Cormorant. _, o>-
WELLS, FARGO & CO. (C. C. Pendergast, manager) bankers
and express, 25 Yates.
Whartly, Jas., Humboldt.
WHEAR, R. P., tailor, 1 Wharf.
Whear, Samuel, clothier, 55 Government.
Wheeler, A. H., View.
White, E. (W. & Johnston) bakery, 3 Waddington Alley.
White, Robt., boarding-house, 49 Fort.
Whitley, Stephen, laundry, Douglas.
Whymper, F. (W. & Dix) London Coffee-House, Cormorant.
Wigham, G. C'., with Anderson & Co., Wharf.       fes
WILCOX, JAS., Royal Hotel, 5 Wharf. > <**,
Williams, Jno., chimney sweep, Market Alley.
Williams, J. W., livery stables, cor Johnson and Government.
Williams, Robert, clerk Hudson Bay Co., James Bay.
Williams, Robert M. A., 40 Government. *;
82
THE    BRITISH   COLUMBIAN
(tUlJ^^
Cu*n/W%
WILLIAMS, T. B., Royal Exchange, 19 Fort, dwl Douglas.
Williams, T. G., Fisguard.
Williams, Thos., baker, Johnson.
Willson, Alexr., messenger at Bank of British N. America, Yates.
Willson, Edward, Chatham.
Willson, Jno., bootmaker, Cormorant.
Willson, Jno. (W. & Miles) Australian House, cor Humboldt and
Government. •    ff
WILLSON, ROBT. (Murray & W.) bakery, 29 Fort, f"
Wilson, Edward & Co., grocers, 79 Fort.
WILSON, Thos., importer of dry goods, 69 Government.
Wilson, T. S., cabinet-maker, Broughton.
Wilson, W. (Taylor & W.) restaurant, 56 and 64 Johnson.
Wilson, Z., blacksmith, Store.
WILSON, Miss, stationery depot, 107 Government. | aUd^^U*
Wilson, Mrs., Johnson.
Windsor, , (Esdaile & W.) grocer, 12 Fort.
Wing Yan Lung, doctor, Cormorant.
Winkle, Adam, carpenter, Blanchard.
Winter, R. (Rogers & W.) grocer, 82 Government.
Wiseberg, L., cigar-maker, 61 Johnson.
Wolf, L., clothier, 26 Yates.
Wolff, Louis, with J. Rueff, Cormorant.
Woodcock, W. H., Bayley.
Woods, Richard, clerk in Registrar's Office, Johnson.
Wootton, H. M. Harbor and Postmaster, Wharf, dwl Raj}.
Work, Jno. M., with Hudson Bay Co., Wharf.
Workman, Adam, Broughton.
Wrigglesworth, John and Jas., London Hotel, Johnson.
WRIGHT, AUGUSTUS & T. S., Jr., cor Fort and^Ljagley, up
WRIGHT, T. (W. & Saunders) architect, Broad.
Wright, Mr., Pioneer.
Wulf, T. (W. & Harris) Cahfornia House, 60 Johnson.
Wyndham, G., laborer, Blanchard.
Y
Yager, Frank, Cormorant.
Yales, W. T., Cormorant.
Yang Wo, Sang & Co., Chinese merchants, Cormorant.
Young, Alexr., drayman, Yates.
Young, Benjamin, carpenter, Herald.
Young, Chas. B., merchant, 4 Johnson.
Young De, N. N. & Bro., provision merchants, 61 Wharf.
Young, D. provision store, Port.
Young, W. A. G., Colonial Secretary, dwl James Bay. AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
83
Zabel, Julius, sausage-maker, 41 Yates.
Zabel, M, sausage-maker, Yates.
Zelner, Wm., chemist and druggist, 101 Government.
Zinn, Ferdinand, toy store, Government, dwl Douglas.
Zinke, S., professor of music, 94 Government,
Zinke, Mrs., millinery, 94 Government.
ML
mm —■ -
84                            THl    BRITISH
COLUMBIAN
RESIDENTS OF ESQUIMALT.
Allan, James, boot and shoe
Nicolson, Thomas.
maker.
Arthur, William, Ship Inn.
Partridge, Thos. John.
Battle, S. F., baker.
Rabson, Thomas, groceries and
Beach, William, seamster.
provisions.
Booker, Louis.
Rodgers, Manuel.
Burris, John.
Rothwell, Wm.
Clemins, John.
Smith, W.  & Co., All Serene
Colter, David.
Restaurant.
Colter, Alfred.
Shoat,   Mr.,  Exchange   Livery
Crowley, Jno., police officer.
Stables.
Cusheon, J. D., Railroad House.
Smith, J. P., groceries and pro
visions.
Darragh, Jno.
Smith, J. E.
Dempster, Alex.
Smith, S. B.
Dunstan, John.
Smith, W. R., bakery.
Dunstan, Jas.
Shoat, Ed., Original Esquimalt
Express.
Fabre, F., soap manufactory.
Skuttell, H.
Hawkins, Geo. F., Royal Hotel.
TlLLEWOOD, S. M.
Howard, J. T., Royal Oak.
Terrence, David, boot and shoe
Holsworth, Hy., butcher.
maker.
Irving, C, baker.
VOGLE,  .
Keehler, Chas., carpenter.
Wakeman, P.
Wakeman, W.
Leeman, H. S. D., miner.
WILLIAMS, F., Steamboat Ex
change Hotel.
Man Sing, washing and ironing.
WILLIAMS & SELLECK,
' Millington, Wm., bricklayer.
Steamboat Exchange Hotel.
Mills, Jas., cook.
Williams, Peter.
Moore, Geo.
Wilby, Hy. Ed., express carrier.
McCandlish, Dr.
Wung Chung, washing and iron
McKinnon, John, waterman.
ing. AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.
85
GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT.
OFFICIAL  LIST FOR  VANCOUVER'S  ISLAND.
EXECUTIVE.
Salary.
His Excellency James Douglas, C.B.
Cfovernor and Commander-in-Chief.	
William A. G. Young... Colonial Secretary £500
(Acting) Half Salary.
Joseph Porter Chief Clerk £300
George Hunter Cary. .. .Attorney-General... £300 and practice.
A. Hensley Clerk £200
Alexander Watson Treasurer     500
Jos. Despard Pemberton. Surveyor-General     500
Benjamin W. Pearse. .. .Assistant Surveyor-General     350
Robert Ker Auditor    150
(Acting j	
Thos. R. Holmes Clerk      75
(Acting}	
Edw. Graham Alston.... Registrar- General of Deeds    400
Chas. G. Wylly Assessor of Real Estate, etc     500
Henry Wootton Postmaster and Harbor Master...    300
J. M. Sparrow Clerk     200
LEGI SLA Tl VE.
Legislative Council.
Hon. Roderick Finlayson Nominative.
Hon. Donald Fraser	
Hon. David Cameron	
Hon. Alfred J. Langley	
Hon. Edw. G. Alston	
Hon. Alexander Watson	
Joseph Porter, Clerk.    (Acting.) THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Legislative Assembly—Elective for three years.
J. S. Helmeken, Speaker 	
G. H. Cary Victoria Town.
Selim Franklin :     " "
William Cocker Esquimalt Town.
William F. Tolmie, M.D Victoria District.
Joseph W. Trutch       " "
James Trimble, M.D       1 |
George F. Foster Lake District.
William J. McDonald Lake District.
J. J. Southgate Salt Spring Island and Chemanio District.
D. B. Ring Nanaimo District.
John Coles Saanich District.
Robert Burnaby Esquimalt and Hutchison District.
E. J. Nesbitt, Clerk.    Salary £250.
JUDICIAL AND  MAGISTERIAL.
Salary.
His Honor David Cameron. Chief Justice £800
Thos. G. Williams Registrar of Supreme Court...    250
Richard Woods Clerk of the Writs     200
William Brooke Naylor Sheriff.     200
Augustus P. Pemberton.... Stipendiary Magistrate at Victoria and Chief Commissioner
of Police .*:.     350
Horace Smith. Superintendent of Police     200
William Hales Franklyn. .. .Magistrate and Govern''t Agent
at Nanaimo.     150
Edward Stamp Justice of the Peace at Barclay
Sound and Collector of Shipping Dues None.
Commander J. W. Pike, R.N. ) Holding Commissions as Jus-
Lieut. E. N. Verney, R.N.     )   tice of Peace Coast Service .'None.
MUNICIPAL  AUTHORITIES.
Thomas Harris Mayor.
John Copland Councilor. V
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY. 87
James M. Reid Councilor.
Richard Lewis         "
W. M. Searby         "
Michael Stronach         "
Nathaniel M. Hicks         "
Algernon 'Austen Town Clerk.
J. C. Colquhoun City Inspector.
Richard Lewis, John Copland, Michael Stronach... Fire Wardens.
EDUCATIONAL.
Salary.
Henry Claypole. .Schoolmaster of District School at ( £150 and
Craigflower ( allowanc%.,
W. H. Burr         1 Victoria  "
Cornelius Bryant.        " Nanaimo  "
POLICE DEPARTMENT, VICTORIA, V. I.
Aug. F. Pemberton, Esq Commissioner of Police.
Horace Smith Superintendent of Police.
Preston Bennett Storekeeper and Acting Clerk of the Court.
George Blake .Sergeant of Police.
Fred. Hall Constable.
John Michaels Constable.
Jas. McMillan       |
William Dodd       "
Francis Page       "
John Walker       1
John Crowley, stationed at Esquimalt. ...      "
Stephen Re'dgrave Cook and Steward.
Wm. Richmond.
Prank Hill	
Matthew Ford. .
John Carrington
F. Thompson..
Aug. F. Pemberton, Esq Acting Governor of the Jail.
George Newcomb Jailer.
David B. Reid Assistant Jailer.
Edward Trurau Superintendent of Convicts.
Sam. Baker Convict Guard.
James Hooper	
Edward Dumphy	 ~—— ~
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Abstract of Cases tried before the Police Commissioner, A.  F. Pemberton, Esq., at Victoria, V. I., during the year  1863.
Committed for trial, various offenses   23
Petty larceny summarily dealt with .22
Assaults, disturbing the peace and carrying deadly weapons... 193
Imprisoned for vagrancy   42
Fined or imprisoned for selling liquor to Indians   35
Arrested on a writ of capias for safe keeping, etc   14
Applied at the gaol for lodgings     2
Cases dismissed 206
Seamen of H. M. Fleet handed to their own officers   54
Arrests and summons for nuisance *."   46
Contempt of Court • ..     2
Sent" ashore for imprisonment from on board H. M. Fleet     8
Merchant seamen refusing duty   15
Summons for wages 'and trade licenses, etc   27
Drunk and disorderly 368
-Indians'fined or imprisoned for various offenses 108
Stowaway     1
Malicious injury to property      1
Inducing desertion from H. M. vessels..      3
Fines imposed for breach of Passenger Act   16
Committed for trial for murder     1
Absent from employment '      1
Attempt at suicide     3
Statement  of Prisoners, etc., in Caol at Victoria, V. I., Dec. 31st, 1862.
Number of Prisoners  42
Insane   2
Debtors  3
On bail  2
Total ' 49
FIRE   DEPARTMENT.
Officers.
John Dickson Chief Engineer.
John Malovanski Assistant Engineer. AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY. 89
Charles Gowan President Board of Delegates.
J. S. Drummond., Secretary Board of Delegates.
T. A. McCrea Treasurer.
Organization of Companies.
Union Hook and Ladder Co Nov. 22d, 1859.
D. A. Edgar Foreman.
Deluge Engine Co., No. 1 March 5th, 1860.
J. S. Drummond Foreman.
Tiger Engine Co., No. 2 March 23d, 1860.
S. L. Kelly. .^ .. v*. Foreman.
H.   M.   SHIPS   ON   THE   PACIFIC   STATION.
Principal Naval Depot, Esquimalt, V. I.
Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Maitland, C. B.. Commander-in-Chief
Vessel.
Bacchante, (Flag Ship)
Camelion	
Chary hdis	
Clio	
Guns. Where last. 'Ps'U Commissioned.
 51 Valparaiso 1860	
. ..17 Mazatlan 1861	
.. .21 Acapulco 1860	
...22 Acapulco 1859....
Devastation  6 Esquimalt 1861	
Forward 3 Esquimalt 1859	
Grappler   3 Esquimalt 1859	
Hecate  6 Esquimalt, (ordered home). .1860....
Mutine 17 Panama 1859	
Naiad   6 Callao 1860....
Nereus, (Store Ship)  6 Valparaiso 1860....
Tartar  20 Valparaiso 1860	
Termagant 25 Panama, (ordered home) 1859	
Topaze 51 Esquimalt 1859....
Tribune 23 Mazatlan 1862	
Sutlej 51 .Flag ship of Admiral Kingcombe, on way out.
CONSULS   AT   VICTORIA.
Prance.—P. MSne, Esq., (Vice).
United States.—Allen Francis, Esq.    Office of the Consulate,
on Wharf street.
Sandwich Islands.—Henry Rhodes, Esq., (Janion, Green &
Rhodes).    Offices, Wharf and Store streets. THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
ABSTRACTS OF ACTS
PASSED BY THE LEGISLATURE SINCE THE FIRST SESSION, BEGINNING MARCH 1st, 1860.
Administration of Oaths Act—Provides for administration of oaths
in the House of Assembly, and the production of evidence before
Committees of the same.—July 9th, 1860.
Vancouver Island Joint Stock Companies Act—Extends the provisions of the Joint Stock Companies Acts, 1856, 1857 and 1858, to
Vancouver Island and its dependencies.—Aug. 27th, 1860.
Act to improve the Streets of Victoria—Authorizing the collection
of a tax to be called the Victoria Street Fund. Said tax to be five-
eighths of one per cent, on property assessed.—Aug. 28th, 1860.
Indian Liquor Act—For preventing the sale or gift of spirituous
liquors to Indians.—November 2d, 1860.
Road Act—Provides for the repair, improvement and regulation of
roads in Vancouver Island and its dependencies.—November 24th,
1860.
Act to amend Imperfect Titles—Confirms certain persons in the fee
simple of the real estate they now hold.—December 10 th, 1860.
Real Estate Tax Act—Levies an annual tax of one per cent, on all
real estate.—December 10th, 1860.
Victoria and Esquimalt Harbor Dues Act.—December 19th, 1860.
Minor Offenses Act—For rendering the administration of justice in
minor criminaftcases more speedy and certain.—Dec. 19th, 1860.
Limitation of Foreign Actions Act—Declaring the limitation of certain causes of action and suit.—Dec. 19th, 1860.
Annual Registration of Voters Act—Amends the Registration of
Voters Act of 1859.—Dec. 19th, 1860. -   -
Victoria Gas Company Act—Incorporates the Victoria Gas Company. Gives exclusive right to supply the town with gas for five years
from the date of passage. Price not to exceed thirty shillings per one
thousand cubic feet. Streets to be supplied at a rate not exceeding
twenty-five shillings per one thousand cubic feet.—Dec. 19th, 1860. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
Act for confirming Titles from the Hudson Bay Company-—December 10th, 1860.
Land Registry Act—To facilitate the transfer of real estate and to
provide for the registration of titles. Five years' registration renders
registered titles indefeasible. Priority in point of registration gives
priority of title, where the same land is registered in favor of two or
more persons. Five years' registration of a charge renders the interests thereunder indefeasible.—January 18th, 1861.
Powder Magazine—Grants certain privileges to the builder or builders of a powder magazine.—February 6th, 1861.
Vancouver Island Land Proclamation by the Governor, with Supplements to the same.
Victoria Harbor Act—Authorizes the raising of a loan of ten thousand pounds upon the security of the dues and moneys levied by virtue
of the Victoria and Esquimalt Harbor Dues Act, 1860.—July 16th,
1861.
Liquor License Act—Provides for and regulates the sale of wines,
spirits, malt and other liquors. Licenses to sell wines and spirits, etc.,
by wholesale £25 per annum. Licenses to sell wines, etc., by retail
£60 per annum. Licenses to sell wines, etc., by retail three miles
from any town £12 per annum. Licenses granted by the Justices of
the Peace for one year or not less than three months.—July 18th, 1861.
Proclamation by the Governor—Establishing Albernia in Barclay
Sound as a port of entry. *
An Act to Extend and Amend the provisions of the Fireman's Protection Act, I860.—Sept. 10th, 1861.
Act to enable Aliens to hold and transmit Real Estate—Aliens may
hold and transmit real estate as fully as British subjects.—Oct. 28th,
1861.
Supplementary Street Act—Authorizes the continuation of certain
streets in Victoria.—Oct. 29th, 1861. £
Vancouver Island Civil Procedure Act—Amending the procedure in
civil cases.
Alien Act, 1862—Provides for the naturalization of aliens. Aliens
resident for three years within the Colony, who shall take the oaths of
residence and allegiance, shall have all the rights of British subjects.—
Nov. 14th, 1861.
An Act for preventing Frauds upon Creditors by secret Bills of Sale
of Personal Chattels.—All bills of sale to be void unless the same, or
a copy thereof, be filed within twenty-one days in like manner as warrants of attorney.—Nov. 28th, 1861.
■ 92
THE   BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
• Pawnbrokers' Act—Regulates the business of pawnbrokers.—Nov.
28th, 1861.
Summary Procedure on Bills of Exchange Act—Facilitates the remedies on bills of exchange and promissory notes by the prevention of
frivolous or fictitious defenses to actions thereon.—Nov. 28th, 1861.
Victoria Gas Company's Extension Act, 1861.—Dec. 9th, 1861.
Trade Licenses Amendment Act—Amending the Act of 1860. Casual traders to pay annual license of five pounds, and the half yearly'
assessment to be shown by schedule A.—Dec. 9th, 1861.
£
Under
£    100
100 arid under
250
250
it
500
500
II
1,000
1,000
le
2,500
2,500
it
5,000
5,000
a
10,000
10,000
a
20,000
20,000
it
30,000
30,000
61
40,000
40,000
ii
50,000
Above 50,000
100 half yearly £ 1 00 0
.£  1 10 0
2 00 0
3 10 0
6 00 0
9 00 0
15 00 0
25 00 0
35 00 0
45 00 0
55 00 0
50 00 0
Extension of Limitation of Foreign Actions Act—Extends provisions of the same.—Dec. 24th, 1861.
Swine and Goat Act—To prohibit swine and goats running at large
in Victoria and goats in certain districts.—Jan. 15th, 1862.
Bankruptcy Act, 1861—The law relating to bankruptcy and insolvency in Vancouver Isfend and its dependencies.—Feb. 1st, 1862.
Act authorizing Loans for temporary Purposes.—May 29th, 1862.
An Act confirming the Appointment of Members of the Court of
Revision—Under the Real Estate Tax Act, 1860.—June 12th, 1862.
Gas Company Extension Act.—July 3d, 1862.
Act authorizing the Chief Justice of Vancouver Island and its
Dependencies to make certain necessary Appointments.—July 9th, 1862.
Act establishing Fire Limits within the Town of Victoria.—July
9th, 1862.
Act to protect the Property of a Wife deserted by her Husband—July
10th, 1862.
Sanatory Commission Act—Appoints a commission for the Town of
Victoria and defines their powers.—July 19th, 1862.
Act authorizing the closing of Part of the Old Saannich and Burn-
side Road.—Aug. 5th, 1862.
Victoria and Esquimalt Harbor Dues Act—Amends the scale of
fees.—Sept. 2d, 1862.    (Appended in full.) AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
93
Act to Incorporate the City of Victoria.—Aug. 2d, 1862. (Appended
in full.)
Loan Act—Authorizing the Governor of Vancouver Island to borrow the sum of forty thousand pounds on the security of the General
Revenue of the Colony.—Sept. 6th, 1862.
Loan Act—Authorizing the Governor to borrow the sum of fifteen
thousand  pounds  for  public works to be repaid out of the   Forty k
Thousand Pounds Loan.—Sept. 6th, 1862.
Vancouver Island Land Proclamation by the Governor—Repeals
former proclamation.—Sept. 6th, 1862.    (Appended in full.)
Game Act—Amends an Act for tbe Preservation of Game.—Sept.
5th, 1862.
Currency Act, 1862.
Act to increase Number of Representatives for Victoria City.
Powder Magazine Act, 1862.
Trade Licenses Amendment Act, 1862.
Real Estate Tax Amendment Act.
Stamp Act, 1862.
I
m
 '->•*->»*■<'■
.  iif™"1 94
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIAN
AN ACT
TO INCORPORATE THE CITY OP VICTORIA.
Whereas, it is expedient that the District commonly known as Victoria Town should be incorporated—
Be it enacted by the Governor, on Her Majesty's behalf, by and with
the consent of the Legislative   Council and Assembly of Vancouver
Island and its Dependencies:
I. That from and after the passage of this Act, the tract of land
specified in the first part of the first schedule hereto shall be incorporated as a city, to be called " The City of Victoria;" the said city shall
be divided into three Wards :
The Johnson Street Ward, the Yates Street Ward, and the James'
Bay Ward.
The Johnson Street Ward shall include the tract of land specified in
the second part of the said first schedule.
The Yates Street Ward shall include the tract of land specified in
the third part of the said first schedule.
The James' Bay Ward, the tract of land specified in the fourth part
of the said first schedule.
II. That the government of the city shall, subject to the provisions
. of this Act, be placed under the control of a Council.
The Council shall consist of a Mayor and six Councilors, possessed
of the qualifications and subject to none of the disqualifications hereinafter specified, namely:
QUALIFICATIONS.
III. Being a male British subject of full age.
Having resided within the Island of Vancouver and its dependencies
for a space of six calendar months previous to election.
Being at, and having been for three calendar months next preceding AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
95
the time of election, rated on the Municipal Assessment Roll of the
same city in respect of freehold to at least the value of £50, or in
respect of leaseholds to at least the value of £150:
Provided always, that at the first election of a Mayor and Councilors, the qualification of such Mayor and Councilors shall, as to property, be as follows:
Possession in his own right of real property within the city to the
market values, of freehold, £50, if of leasehold, £600.
DISQUALIFICATIONS.
IV. Being a minister of any religious denomination.
Being a Sheriff, or a Sheriff's officer.
Being a Member of the Legislative Council or of the House of
Assembly.
Being a bankrupt, insolvent debtor, felon or outlaw.
Having taken the oath of allegiance to or having become the subject
or citizen of any foreign state or nation, unless he shall subsequently
thereto have taken the oath of allegiance to Her Majesty, Her Heirs
and Successors, before the Chief Justice of Vancouver Island, six
months at least before the time of election.
Having directly or indirectly any contract with the corporation.
Being naval or military officers on full pay, or the Judge of any
Court of criminal or civil jurisdiction, or being in receipt of any allowance from the corporation.
MANNER   OF  ELECTING-   COUNCILORS.
V. The candidate for the Mayorship (being duly qualified therefor)
who shall obtain the greatest collective number of votes shall be Mayor.
There shall be two Councilors elected, in manner hereinafter mentioned, in each of the said wards.
The two candidates in each ward (duly qualified) who shall obtain
the greatest number of votes in the ward for which they may stand
"shall be Councilors. '
Every person possessed of the qualifications, and under none of the
disqualifications hereinafter mentioned concerning electors of the said
corporation, shall have one vote only in the election of a Mayor, and
in addition to his vote in the election of a Mayor, shall also have two
votes in the election of Councilors for each ward wherein he has property qualifications ; but in voting for Councilors, he shall only vote once
in the same ward, and may either split his vote between the candidates
or vote for one only, and if he shall vote for one only, his vote shall
only count one.
The voting for Mayor and Councilors shall be open, and no person
shall vote by proxy. 96
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
DURATION   OF   OFFICE   OF  MAYOR  AND   COUNCILORS.
VI. The Mayor and Councilors shall be elected for one year: provided always, that if the Mayor, or any of the Councilors, or any person on his or their behalf, or any person in partnership with him or
them, shall enter into or obtain any interest, directly or indirectly, in
any contract entered into by or with the corporation, such Mayor or
Councilor, having any interest in any contract as aforesaid, shall immediately be disqualified from continuing Mayor or Councilor, as the case
may be.
Provided always, that if any Mayor or Councilor shall vote at any
meeting of the Council, or shall not resign his office within the space
of one calendar month from the time when he shall have entered into
or obtained any interest in any such contract as aforesaid, such Mayor
or Councilor shall forfeit to the corporation a sum of £500, and all
interest in the contract—and as to the said sum, the same may be
recovered by action, to be brought in the name of the corporation of
the City of Victoria; but all votes given under such circumstances
shall be valid.
TIME   OF  ELECTION   OF  MAYOR  AND   COUNCILORS.
VII. The nomination shall be on the eighth day of November in
each year, and the polling (if any) on tbe day following: provided,
that if either of the said days shall fall on a Sunday, the nomination or
election shall take place on the following day.
The nomination and poll at the first election shall be held on the
fourteenth and fifteenth days next subsequent to the passage of this
Act: provided, that if such days, or either of them, shall fall on Sunday the nomination or election shall take place on the following day:
provided, that the persons elected at the first election shall retain office
until the eighth day of November in the next year.
PLACE   OF VOTING.
VIII. The poll shall be held in such place in each ward—not being
in or in the immediate vicinity of a Fire Department establishment or
in a place licensed for the sale of liquor—as shall be in that behalf
appointed, namely: at the first election as appointed by the Sheriff;
and at every election after the said first election, as. the outgoing Council shall appoint, or in default thereof, as the Sheriff shall appoint.
The Sheriff, or outgoing Council, as the case may be, shall give at
least seven days' notice of the place of nomination and poll in each
ward by advertisement thereof in one or more newspapers published
in the city.
The vote for Mayor shall be given in Yates Street Ward and no
other. •
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
NOMINATION  AND   POLL.
IX. The Sheriff shall appoint the returning officers, if any, for the
first election ; after which, the Council shall appoint the same previous
to any ensuing election.
The Sheriff shall on the day of nomination, in Yates Street Ward,
at noon, nominate such persons as shall be put in nomination, in that
behalf, by some qualified voter, as candidates for the office of Mayor
or Councilors, as the case may be; a show of hands shall then take
place, and the Sheriff shall thereupon declare which of the candidates
has or have been elected by the show of hands.
Any candidate or voter, on his behalf, may thereupon demand a poll,
which shall be taken on the day of election; and the Sheriff shall,
within twenty-four hours after the close of the poll, publicly declare
the number polled for each candidate, and who has or have been elected
by the greatest number of votes.
In case of a poll being demanded, the poll books and lists of voters
for each ward shall be supplied at the first election by the Sheriff, and
at every subsequent election by the Council to the Returning Officer.
The polls shall be kept open between the hours of eight o'clock a.
M. and four o'clock p. m. At the close of the poll, the Returning
Officers shall immediately deliver to the Sheriff the poll books sealed.
In the election of Councilors, if there be an equality of votes, the
Sheriff shall have a casting vote, to be given at the time of the declaration of the poll.
In case of the number of votes for Mayor being equal, the Council
shall, at their first sitting, elect a Chairman pro tempore, who shall have
a casting vote in cases of equality, and the Council shall select between
the candidates having such equality of votes.
All expenses attendant upon any election under this Act shall be
borne by the candidates in equal proportion; such expenses in any
ward shall not exceed twenty pounds.
QUALIFICATION   OF  VOTERS.
X. The qualification of voters shall be as follows:
Being a male British subject of full age.
Having resided in Vancouver Island or its dependencies for a space
of three calendar months preceding the election at which he tenders
his vote.
Being at the time of tendering his vote rated on the Municipal
Assessment Roll of the said city for freehold or for leasehold estate to
the amount of twenty pounds. . ——
98
THE   BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
DISQUALIFICATION   OF  VOTERS.
XI.   Being a bankrupt, insolvent debtor, felon or outlaw.
Having taken the oath of allegiance or become the citizen or subject
of any foreign state or nation, unless one month previously to the
election at which he tenders his vote he shall have sworn allegiance to
Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, before the Chief Justice of
Vancouver Island:
Provided always, that at the first election of Mayor and Councilors
the votes, shall be the persons at that time registered on the List of
Voters for the election of Representatives for the Town of Victoria;
and at such election each voter on such list shall have a vote for each
Councilor and one for the Mayor, such votes to be given at one time
and place.
Every person tendering his vote at any election of a Mayor or
Councilor shall, before voting, take such of the following oaths as may
be required by some other qualified voter :
I, A. B., do hereby swear that I am a British subject, born at (place
of birth) and that. I have never taken the oath of allegiance to or
become the citizen of any foreign state or nation:
Provided always, that any voter called upon to take the oath lastly
hereinbefore contained may, if he so choose, in lieu thereof take the
oath next hereinafter contained.
I, A. B., do solemnly swear that I was born at (place of birth) and
that I was formerly a British subject, and that I, on the day of
 , before the Chief Justice of Vancouver Island, took the oath
of allegiance to Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, and have not
since that day taken the oath of allegiance to or become the citizen or
subject of any foreign state or nation.
I, A. B., do solemnly swear that I am the same A. B. who is mentioned in the List of Voters, (or Municipal Assessment Roll, as the
case may be) and that I am in my own right possessed of, or tenant
of, (statement of qualification in respect of which I have been entered
the said List of Voters or Municipal Assessment Roll, as the case
may be).
I, A. B., do solemnly s^srear that I have not received or been promised, or to my knowledge has any other person on my behalf, or for my
benefit received or been promised, any money, gift or advantage, place
or consideration for or for the purpose of influencing the vote which I
now tender.
OATHS   OF   CANDIDATES.
XII. At the nomination, or at any time before the close of the poll,
any duly qualified voter may require the oath first above set forth to be AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
99
administered to any candidates, and in default of the candidate taking
such oaths within twenty-four hours after the personal receipt of the
same, or in default of the candidate taking such oaths within five days,
at all events, and likewise the following:
I do solemnly swear that I am possessed of the property qualification required by the Act of Incorporation, and that the said property
is situated at  and is of at least the value of £  (either £50
if freehold, or £600 if leasehold).
If the candidate shall not be present, the Sheriff or Returning
Officer shall forthwith cause a notice to be left at the usual place of
abode of the candidate, calling upon the said candidate to take the
oaths within twenty-four hours from the time the aforesaid notice was
left at such place, and in default, all votes given for such candidate
shall be null and void.
The Sheriff, or Returning Officer, or Poll Clerk shall have power at
elections to administer the oaths required by this Act.
POLL   BOOKS.
XIII. The Sheriff shall deliver a certified copy of the poll books
to the Clerk of the Council within forty-eight hours after the close of
the poll, and shall also, after the expiration of the said forty-eight
hours, permit any of the Council to examine the poll books.
It shall be the duty of the Clerk of the Council to permit any reasonable inspection of such certified copies of the poll books by any
duly qualified voter.
Any person may obtain a certified copy of any of the poll books
from the Sheriff aforesaid, upon payment of one shilling per folio.
The Sheriff shall immediately after the election, or in case of a poll,
immediately after the declaration thereof, file a certificate in the
Supreme Court of Civil Justice of the result of such election or poll.
OATHS   OF   OFFICERS  AT  ELECTIONS.
XIV. The Sheriff, Returning Officer and Poll Clerk shall, before
entering upon their respective duties, take the oath following, before
some Justice of the Peace for Vancouver Island:
I solemnly swear that I will faithfully fulfill the duties of my office
without fear or favor, and that I have not received, nor will receive,
any bribe to influence my conduct.
OATHS OF MAYOR AND COUNCILORS.
XV. Every person who shall have presented himself for nomination,
and who shall have been elected Mayor or Councilor, must serve, or
in default pay a sum of £50 towards the Municipal revenue, such sum
to be recoverable with costs summarily before any Justice of the Peace 1 : 1
100
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
aforesaid; and every Mayor and Councilor shall, within six days after
election, and before taking his seat, take the following oath before the
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Civil Justice:
I am a British subject, possessing the requisite property qualification,
which is [statement of qualification] and have not nor will have any
interest, directly or indirectly, in any contract connected with the
corporation.
I have not, by myself or any other person, knowingly employed any
bribery, corruption or intimidation to gain any election, and I will
faithfully perform the duties of my office, and will not allow any private interest to influence my conduct in public matters.
Every member of the Council shall, before taking his seat at the
Council, produce a certificate from the Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court, stating that the necessary oaths have been taken by such
member.
VACANCIES.
XVI. In case of the death, bankruptcy, insolvency, resignation or
permanent absence for the space of three consecutive calendar months
from the Colony of the Mayor for the time being, or in case the Mayor
shall decline to accept office or neglect to take the necessary oaths, the
Councilor who shall at his election have obtained the greatest number
of votes shall preside at the meetings of the Council and shall have the
same powers, duties and privileges, and be subject to the same liabilities
and responsibilities which the Mayor would have had and been subject
to, if presiding, until the day of election.
In case of the death, bankruptcy, insolvency, resignation or permanent absence aforesaid of any one or more of the Councilors, or in case
of a Councilor filling such vacancy in the office of Mayor as aforesaid,
a new Councilor shall be elected to fill the vacant office until the next
election.
XVEL The Mayor or presiding Councilor shall, within three days
from such vacancy, notify tbe Sheriff thereof, who shall, within six
days from the receipt of such notification, fix the day for the nomination and election of such new Councilor, and the nomination and
election shall be held in manner aforesaid.
VALIDITY   OF  ELECTIONS.
XVIII. The validity of all contested elections shall be tried before
the Chief Justice in manner following: Any voter or candidate may
present a petition to the Supreme Court, praying that the election of
any Mayor or Councilor may be avoided on either of the following
grounds—by reason of bribery, intimidation or undue influence; by
•oa-M-a •
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
101
reason of such Mayor or Councilor not having obtained a majority of
the votes of the duly qualified electors; by reason of such Mayor or
Councilor not possessing the requisite property qualification, or being
under some disqualification as aforesaid.
The petitioner shall in each case give such security for costs as the
Court shall direct.
The order of the Chief Justice on the said petition shall be final and
conclusive, and may contain all necessary directions for the holding
new elections or otherwise as may be requisite.
The Chief Justice may from time to time make rules for regulating
the trial of such petitions and the matters and things connected therewith.
The Council shall hold its ordinary meetings openly, and no person
shall be excluded except for improper conduct. A special meeting
may be opened or closed, as in the opinion of the Council, expressed
by resolution in writing, the public interest require.
The Mayor (or in case of equality of votes the Sheriff) shall, within
seven days from the day of election, summon the Council to meet on a
day not more than fourteen days after the day of election, at some place
to be mentioned in such summons.
PROCEEDINGS   OF   COUNCIL.
XIX. All acts whatsoever authorized or required by virtue of this
Act to be done by the Council, and all questions of adjournment, and
others that may come before the Council, may, save where otherwise
expressed, be done and decided by the majority of the members of the
Council, who shall be present at any meeting held in pursuance of this
Act, the whole number of members present at such meeting not being
less than four; at such meeting the Mayor, if present, shall preside,
and the Mayor, or in the absence of the Mayor such Councilor as the
members of Council then assembled shall choose to be the Chairman
of that meeting, shall have a second or casting vote in all cases of
equality of votes ; the minutes of the proceedings of all such meetings
shall be drawn up and fairly entered into a book, to be kept for that
purpose, and shall be signed by the Mayor or Councilor presiding at
such meeting, and the said minutes shall be open to the inspection of
any person, who may also make copies thereof and extracts therefrom,
at all reasonable times, on payment of a fee of one shilling.
Previous to the introduction of any business at any meeting of the
Council, a notice in writing of any business proposed to be brought forward by any member shall be publicly exhibited for twen,ty-four hours
previously to such meeting in some public place to be agreed upon by
the Council. —»
102
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Previous to any meeting of the Council, other than adjourned meetings, a notice of the time and place of such intended meeting shall be
given three clear days, at least, before such meeting by fixing a copy of
the said notice at the Post-Office, and such notice shall be signed by the
Mayor, who shall have power to call a meeting of the Council as often
as he shall think proper.
In case the Mayor shall refuse or neglect to call a meeting within
forty-eight hours after a requisition for that purpose, signed by three
members of the Council, at the least, shall have been presented to him,
it shall be lawful for the said three members to call a meeting of the
Council by giving such notice as is hereinafter declared in that behalf,
such notice to be signed by the said members instead of the Mayor,
and stating therein the business proposed to be transacted at such meeting, and in every case a summons to attend the Council, specifying the
business proposed to be transacted at such meeting, signed by the Mayor
or the members, as the case may be, shall be left at the usual places of
abode of every member of the Council, or at the premises in respect
of which he is placed on the Municipal Assessment Roll, three clear
days, at least, before such meeting, and no business shall be transacted
at such meeting other than the business which is specified in the notice.
The Council may, out of their own body, from time to time, appoint
such and so many committees and consisting of such members, as they
may think fit, for any purposes which in the discretion of the Council
would be better regulated and managed by means of such committees,
but all proceedings of such committees shall be subject to the approval
of the Council.
POWER   OF  COUNCIL.
XX. The Council shall have power to make ordinances for any of
the following purposes:
1. The prevention and removal of nuisances within the city.
2. The regulation of the traffic within the city.
3. To regulate the maintenance, repair and construction of the highways, footpaths, public wharfs and bridges situated within the said
city.
4. To provide for the inspection of diseased and unwholesome cattle,
meats, poultry, fish and vegetables, and to prevent the sale or exposure
of the same.
5. To accept, purchase and hold such real estate, as may be required
for corporate purposes, and to erect such buildings thereon as may be
requisite for corporate purposes.
The Council shall also have power to pass By-Laws for any of the
following purposes: AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
103
1. To regulate the public market.
2. To regulate and provide for the drainage and sewerage of the
said city.
3. To make regulations with regard to the preservation of the said
city from fire, and to regulate all matters affecting the liability of the
said city to fire.
4. To regulate the public lighting of the said city, and to regulate
the public lights in the said city, but no streets shall, be lighted with
gas if one-half of the resident property holders in that street object to
the same.
5. To establish and maintain landmarks in the said city.
6. To establish a general grade in the said city.
7. To regulate the sanitary condition of the said city.
8. To regulate the use of weights and measures in the said city.
9. To appoint an inspector of gas-meters.
10. To regulate the sale, carriage or storage of gunpowder.
11. To accept, purchase and hold land for public cemeteries beyond
the limits of the municipality, and to lay out, improve, and manage
and convey every part of the same.
If holders of seven-tenths in value of the lots on any street of the
City of Victoria shall sign a requisition calling upon the Council to
grade, macadamize, pave, drain or otherwise improve the said streets,
the said Council shall be empowered to make a rate upon the lots
abutting on such street in order to carry out such improvements, and
may apply the rate when collected according to the prayer of such
requisition; the Council approving such requisition in such manner as
they may appoint by By-Laws.
Every Ordinance passed by the Council shall be reconsidered not
less than three days after the original passage, and if confirmed, shall
come into effect and be binding on all persons after seven days from
the publication of the same in some one or more of the public papers
published in the city, unless otherwise postponed in such Ordinance.
Every Ordinance and By-Law shall be passed by the vote or resolution of at least three members of the Council, and at a meeting where
at least four members of the Council shall be present.
The By-Laws, unless disallowed in writing within seven days by the
Governor for the time being of Vancouver Island and its dependencies,
(or the person for the time being administering the Government) shall
be published in manner aforesaid, and shall within seven days from
such publication have the force of law, unless otherwise postponed in
such By-Law : provided, that the Governor for the time being may,
instead of vetoing any By-Law, refer the same to the municipal vote, 104
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
and the said municipal vote shall be taken in manner hereinbefore
prescribed for the confirmation or disallowance of a resolution anticipating future revenue of the said municipality.
The penalty by which any By-Law or Ordinance may be sought to
be enforced may be stated in the By-Law; and if no penalty is therein
mentioned, the breach of any By-Laws or Ordinances shall be punished
in a summary way by a fine not exceeding £10, or by imprisonment
for any term not exceeding three months, either with or without hard
labor, at the discretion of any Justice or Justices of the Peace having
jurisdiction within the municipality.
In the event of any By-Law or Ordinance being passed wherein no
specific penalty is inserted, or in case a specific penalty is inserted and
no means for its recovery specified, any Justice or Justices as aforesaid
may, in case of a fine, adjudge that such offender shall pay the same,
either immediately or within such period as the said Justice or Justices
shall think fit; and in case such sum of money shall not be paid at
the time so appointed, the same may be levied by distress or sale of the
goods and chattels of the offender, and for want of sufficient distress
such offender may be imprisoned as aforesaid at the discretion of such
Justice or Justices, with or without hard labor, in the common jail, for
any term not exceeding three months, the imprisonment to cease upon
payment of the fine and costs.
The Mayor shall be deemed head of the Council, and the head and
Chief Executive Officer of the corporation, and shall, ex officio, be a
Justice of the Peace, and it shall be his duty to cause the law for the
improvement of the city to be duly executed and put in force; to
inspect the conduct of all subordinate officers in the government thereof,
and far as may be in his power, to cause all negligence, carelessness
and positive violation of duty to be prosecuted and punished, and to
communicate from time to time to the Council all such information and
recommend all such measures as may tend to the improvement of the
finances, health, security, cleanliness and comfort of the city.
The jurisdiction of the Council shall be confined to the municipality,
except where authority beyond the same is expressly given.
The Council may make regulations not specially provided for in this
Act, and not contrary to the provisions hereof, and not contrary to law,
for governing the proceedings of the Council and the conduct of its
members.
The Council may, by resolution passed in manner hereinafter provided, devote any portion of the municipal revenue, not exceeding in
the course of the year one-third part, towards defraying the ordinary
expenditure of the corporation in the conduct of its general business, AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
105
and by a resolution passed as aforesaid may devote the unappropriated
portion of the revenue, and any accumulations of past revenue, to any
of the purposes to which the Council is authorized to pass By-Laws or
Ordinances, and also to any of the purposes following:
The supply of said city with gas^and water.
The improvement of the approaches to the city, including bridges
across Victoria Arm from Point Ellis.
The maintenance of hospitals.
XXI. A copy of every By-Law shall be transmitted to the Governor by the Clerk of the Council within forty-eight hours of the final
passage of the same, signed by the said Clerk, and countersigned by
the Mayor or presiding Councilor.
XXn. A resolution devoting any portion of the municipal funds to
any of the purposes aforesaid shall be passed by the vote of at least
four members present at a meeting where at least five members shall
be present; such resolution shall be afterwards confirmed by a like vote
at some meeting summoned after the lapse of seven days from 'and
before the expiry of one calendar month at least from the original
meeting, and summoned also for the specific purpose of confirming the
resolution:
Provided always, that the Council, save as hereinafter mentioned,
shall have no power to incur any personal liability or any liability
beyond the municipal revenue for the current year :
Provided always, that the Council may, by resolution passed as aforesaid, if confirmed by the electoral vc-te hereinafter mentioned, bind one-
third or any less part of the municipal revenue for the space of three
years from the date of the final passage of a resolution in that behalf,
for any of the purposes following:
The improvement of the highways, footpaths, bridges and public
wharfs within the said city and the improvement of the approaches
thereto aforesaid.
The supply of the city with gas or water.
XXin. Every resolution anticipating any portion of the municipal
revenue shall receive the confirmation of the municipal electors in manner following:
A. The Council shall, by public notice,.fix the day, hour and place
for the taking votes of the electors thereon at every place in the city
at which the election of the members of the Council is held, and also
name a sufficient number of Returning Officers to take the votes at
every such place, and such day shall not be less than seven nor more *-^—— ■ 'H-I..JIW,11
106
THE    BRITISH   COLUMBIAN
than twenty-one days after the second passage by the Council of the
proposed resolution.
B. Every voter shall have a vote, either confirming or negativing the
said resolution, in each ward where he has a vote for Councilor.
C. The Council shall, for at least three clear days before the voting
day, publish a copy of such proposed resolution in some newspaper published within the municipality, and also post up a copy thereof in at
least one public place within each ward.
D. Appended to each copy so published and posted shall be a notice,
signed by the Clerk of the Council, to the effect following:
Take notice, that the above is a true copy of the proposed resolution
upon which the vote of the municipality will be tak^en at [place, day
and hour of the day].
E. The poll shall be taken ojn the question, aye or no, whether the
resolution shall be confirmed; and the poll shall be kept open on the
day named between ten o'clock, a. m. and four o'clock, p. m.
F. Every Returning Oflicer shall, immediately after the closing of
the polls, return his poll book to the Clerk of the Council, sealed
and verified, and a solemn declaration annexed that the poll book contains a true statement of the votes.
G. The Clerk of the Council shall unseal the poll book at the next
sitting, and in the presence of the Council add up the number of votes
for and against the resolution, and shall certify to the Council, under
his hand, whether the majority have approved or disapproved of the
purposed resolution, and shall keep the poll books among the records
of his office.
In case any proposed resolution shall be negatived by the votes of
the electors, no such resolution, or one of a similar nature, shall be
brought forward or considered during the same municipal year.
The poll books shall be open to inspection on payment of a fee of
one shilling to the Clerk of the Council.
No more than one-third of the municipal revenue shall be made liable
or devoted prospectively for any of the purposes aforesaid at the same
time: provided, that no loan effected by the Council on the prospective
revenue aforesaid shall be effected at a higher rate of interest than
twelve per cent, per annum at par, and that if the same be effected,
directly or indirectly, at a higher rate of interest than twelve per cent,
the principal moneys and interests shall not be recoverable.
XXIV. The Council may, subject as hereinafter contained, by a
By-Law passed and confirmed as aforesaid, direct in what manner the
funds required for the municipal purposes shall be raised: AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.        107
Provided, that not more than one-half of the proposed annual
revenue shall be raised by an assessment on freehold and leasehold
property within the said city:
Provided always, that the rate of assessment shall not exceed one
per cent, upon the Government assessment of the said property under
the One Per Cent. Tax Act, or any assessment Act to be passed in
lieu thereof:
Provided, also, that no part of the said annual revenue shall be
raised by any tax in the nature of a tax upon personal estate, upon
ships, shipping or passengers.
XXV. The Council shall be capable of holding real estate, and have
entire control of all corporate property.
An Assessment Roll shall, between the first day of January and the
first day of June, in each year, be prepared by or on behalf of the
Council, and the freehold and leasehold property situate within the said
city shall be therein specified, together with the names of the persons
occupying the same, and the names of the persons owning the same,
and together also with such other matters and things as may be required
by any By-Law passed and confirmed as aforesaid in that behalf.
TO   KEEP  HIGHWAYS  IN   ORDER.
XXVI. The Council shall provide means for keeping highways,
roads, paths and bridges within the corporate limits in an efficient state
of repair.
APPOINTMENT   OF   OFFICERS.
XXVII. The Council may appoint such officers, not being a Magistrate or Police Officer, as may be absolutely required for the conduct
of the corporate business, and may pay the same out of the corporate
revenue set apart for the ordinary expenditure of the corporation:
Provided, that it shall be incumbent upon the Council to appoint a
Clerk to the Council.
All officers shall, however, give security in such manner as the Council shall determine for the due performance of their services.
SEAL.
XXVIH. The City of Victoria shall have a Corporate Seal; and
the Council shall enter into all contracts under the same seal, which
shall be affixed on all contracts by virtue of an order of the Council.
POWER   OF  LEASE.
XXIX.  The Council may absolutely lease any of the corporate
J0' ■— 1
~~~~w~"~'
108
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
property for any term not exceeding fourteen years, receiving thereupon the best rent that can reasonably be obtained, to be paid in
advance, and without taking any fine or premium, or other money in
the nature of a fine or forgift: provided always, that every lease made
by the corporation shall be executed under the Corporate Seal, and
there shall be therein contained a proviso for reentry on nonpayment
of the rent, or nonobservance or nonperformance of the covenants and
provisos therein contained.
XXX.   This Act may be cited as " The Victoria Incorporation Act,
1862."
Passed the House of Assembly June 9th, 1862.    Council amendments agreed
to July 31st, 1862.
E. Bowers Doggett, Clerk of the House.
Passed the Council July 22d, 1862.
Joseph Porter, Acting Clerk of the Council.
Received my assent this second day of August, a. d. 1862.
JAMES DOUGLAS, Governor.
1:
SCHEDULE.
First Part.—All that Tract of Land inclosed within the Red,
Black and Dotted Lines drawn on the Plan marked "A."
Second Part.—All that Tract of Land inclosed within the Red
Lines aforesaid.
Third Part.—All that Tract of Land inclosed within the Black
Lines aforesaid.
Fourth Part.—All that Tract of Land inclosed within the Dotted
Lines aforesaid. f™
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AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY
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109
LAND  PROCLAMATION.
By His Excellency, James Douglas, Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Governor and Commander-in- Chief of Vancouver Island and its Dependencies, Vice-Admiral of the same, etc., etc.
Whereas, I have been authorized by Her Majesty's Government to
take such steps as may tend to promote the settlement of country
lands in the Colony of Vancouver Island and its Dependencies,
and to reduce the upset price of country land to four shillings and
two-pence per acre; and, whereas, it is expedient to make public
the methods by which land may be acquired in the said Colony;
be it therefore known unto all men:
REPEAL OF PREVIOUS LAND PROCLAMATIONS.
I. The proclamations issued by me under the public seal of the said
Colony, dated respectively the nineteenth day of February, 1861, the
twenty-first day of March, 1861, and the ninth day of May, 1861, save
so far as the rights and interests of any person who may have sought
to acquire land thereunder are concerned, are hereby repealed.
LAND   TO   BE   SOLD   AT  AUCTION,  IF  REQUISITE.
II. Whenever the public requirements are such as to render the sale
of any tract of land expedient, whether a town site, suburban land, or
otherwise, the same land will be put up or sold at auction, at such upset
price as may be from time to time determined on—not, however, in any
case exceeding the sum of four shillings and two-pence per acre for
country land, and in the event of any land not fetching the upset price,
it shall be lawful for the Surveyor-General to sell the same by private
contract at such upset price. 110
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
FORFEITED   LANDS  TO  BE   SOLD  AT  AUCTION.
*HL All country land forfeited for nonpayment of installments shall
from time to time be put up for sale at public auction, at an upset price
of four shillings and two-pence per acre. '  ..
POWER  TO   BRITISH   SUBJECTS, AND  ALIENS   WHO   TAKE  THE  OATH
OF  ALLEGIANCE,  TO  ACQUIRE  LAND.
IV. That from and after the date thereof, British subjects, and aliens
who shall take the oath of allegiance to Her Majesty and Her Successors, above the age of eighteen, may acquire the right to hold and purchase in fee simple, unsold, unoccupied, and unreserved Crown Lands
in Vancouver Island and its Dependencies, not being the site of an
existent or proposed town, or auriferous land available for mining purposes, or an Indian Reserve or Settlement, under the following conditions.
*»
THE PERSON DESIROUS  OF ACQUIRING LAND, TO ENTER  INTO POSSESSION AND RECORD HIS CLAIM.     QUANTITIES TO BE RECORDED.
V. The person desiring to acquire any particular plot of land of the
character aforesaid, shall enter into possession and shall record his
claim with the Surveyor-General, paying to him the sum of eight
shillings for recording such claim. The person recording may record
his claim to the following quantities pf land: If a single man, one hundred acres; if a married man, whose wife is resident in the Colony, one
hundred and fifty acres; if the parent of children resident in the Colony, and under the age of eighteen, ten additional acres for each such
child.
POWER  OF  ACQUIRING ADDITIONAL LAND   ADJACENT  TO   THE PREEMPTED   CLAIM   ON  PAYMENT   OF  AN  INSTALLMENT.
VI. Any person in possession of land so recorded as aforesaid, may
acquire the right to hold and purchase any further tract of unoccupied
land aforesaid, over and above the quantities aforesaid, and contiguous
thereto, upon payment to the Surveyor-General of the sum of two
shillings and one-pence per acre for the same, as and by way of installment of the purchase money, to be ultimately paid to the Government
upon the survey of the same land.
EMPTION.
VII. Any person so paying such deposit, shall enter into possession
and record his claim to such last mentioned tract of land in manner
hereinbefore prescribed.
MOD£   OF  RECORD.
VIH. The claimant shall, in all cases, give the best possible descrip-
mtm AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
Ill
tion of the land to the Surveyor-Geperal, together with a rough plan
thereof, and identify the plot in question by placing at the corners of
fthe land four posts, and by stating in his description any other landmarks of a noticeable character.
SHAPE   OF  LAND   CLAIMED.
IX. Every piece of land sought to be acquired under the provisions
of this proclamation, if in a surveyed district, shall be selected according to the lines of the survey; and if in an unsurveyed district, such
piece of land shall (save as hereinafter mentioned with respect to lands
abutting on roads, rivers, lakes, or the sea-shore, or bounded by natural
boundaries) be of a rectangular shape, and the shortest line thereof
shall be at least two-thirds the length of the longest line.
FRONTAGE   OF  CLAIMS   ON   ROADS,  RIVERS,  ETC.
X. Wherever the piece of land sought to be acquired in an unsurveyed district abuts upon a road or highway, river or sea-shore, the
frontage on such road or highway, river or sea-shore, shall not exceed
thirteen hundred and twenty feet in length.
NATURAL  BOUNDARIES  MAY  BE   TAKEN.
XL Where the land sought to be acquired in an unsurveyed district
is in whole or in part bounded by mountains, rocks, lakes, swamps,
roads, highways, or the margin of a river, or by other natural boundaries, then such natural boundaries may be adopted as the boundaries of
the land sought to be acquired; and in such case it shall be sufficient
for the claimant to show to the satisfaction of the Surveyor-General
that the said form conforms, as nearly as circumstances permit, to the
provisions of this proclamation.
IRREGULAR  LINES   OF  OTHER   CLAIMS  MAY  BE  TAKEN.
XII. If the land sought to be acquired be bounded by a claim, the
line of such claim may be adopted by the person so seeking to acquire,
notwithstanding any irregularity in such line which has been occasioned
by the adoption of a natural boundary, or other cause, by the claimant
of the adjacent claim.
PIECE  OF LAND  INCLOSED  BETWEEN TWO   CLAIMS   MAY BE   TAKEN
OF  WHATEVER   PROPORTIONS.
XIII. Where a piece of land is partially or entirely inclosed
between two or more claims, the claimant may acquire such inclosed
piece, notwithstanding any irregularity of form or disproportion in
length of any of the sides.
DIRECTION  OF BOUNDARIES.
XIV. The boundaries shall run as nearly as possible by the cardinal m'h
112
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
points of the compass, or if the claim be in an unsurveyed district and
front on a road, lake, river, or sea-shore, the boundaries shall run back
from such road, lake, river, or sea-shore as nearly as may be at right?
angles to the frontage.
THE   GOVERNOR  MAY  GRANT   LEASES   OF   THE  INFERIOR  MINERALS
NOTWITHSTANDING  ANY  PRE-EMPTION.
XV. Until the conveyance of the land, in respect of which a claim
is recprded, it shall be lawful for the Governor of Vancouver Island
and its Dependencies, for the time being, to grant leases of all or any
minerals lying under the same for any term of years, and with such
rights of entry, and such powers of raising and working metals and
metallic substances, and such privileges of using the surface ground for
the necessary mining operations as may be deemed necessary by the
said Governor.
COMPENSATION TO BE MADE TO THE OCCUPANT.
XVI. Provided that if any lessee enter and work any minerals upon
or under any land previously preempted, or in respect of which any
installment has been paid, the preemptor or payer of the installment
shall be entitled to full compensation from such lessee for the surface
land occupied, the diminution in value occasioned by such right of
entry, and the damage sustained by such means of raising, mining, and
working of the minerals aforesaid, such damage to be ascertained as a
question of deterioration to the land in question in an agricultural point
of view only.
POWER  TO   PURCHASE   IN   SURVEYED   DISTRICTS.
XVII. Where the land is situate in a surveyed district, the claimant
who has entered upon the said land and recorded his claim as aforesaid,
his heirs and devisees, shall be entitled, after two years permanent
occupation, or after the issuance of a certificate of improvement (whichever shall first happen) to purchase the land so acquired, or in respect
of which such deposit shall have been paid as aforesaid at such rate as
may for the time be fixed by the Government of Vancouver Island and
its Dependencies, not exceeding four shillings and two-pence per acre.
PERSON IN POSSESSION MAY PURCHASE AT THE RATE OF FOUR
SHILLINGS AND TWO-PENCE PER ACRE WHEN THE LAND IS SURVEYED.
XVIII. When the Government survey shall extend to the land
claimed, the claimant who has entered into possession of and recorded
his claim as aforesaid, or his heirs or devisees, or in the case of the
grant of a certificate of improvement hereinafter mentioned, the assigns
of such claimant shall, if he or they shall have been in continuous occupation of the same land from the date of the record aforesaid, be enti-
■B AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
113
tied (subject to any such mineral leases as aforesaid) to purchase the
land so acquired, or in respect of which such deposit shall have been
paid as aforesaid, at such rate as may for the time being be fixed by
the Government of Vancouver Island and its Dependencies, not
exceeding the sum* of four shillings and two-pence per acre.
POWER  TO   SCRVEYOR-GENERAL   TO   ISSUE  A   CERTIFICATE   OF
IMPROVEMENT.
XIX. When the claimant, his heirs, or devisees, shall prove to the
Surveyor-General by the evidence of himself and of third parties, that
he or they has or have continued in permanent occupation of the claim
from the date of record, and has or have made permanent improvements thereon to the value of ten shillings per acre, the said Surveyor-
General shall grant to the said claimant, his heirs, or devisees, a certificate of improvement in the form marked A in the schedule hereto
annexed.
POWER TO SELL, MORTGAGE, OR  LEASE, GIVEN  TO   OCCUPANT WHO
HAS OBTAINED A CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENT.
XX. Upon the grant of the certificate oMmprovement aforesaid, the
person to whom the same is issued, may, subject to any unpaid install-'
ment and to the terms of occupation under which the same land was
originally acquired, sell, mortgage, or lease the land in respect of which
such certificate has been issued, but no interest in any plot of land
acquired in either of the methods aforesaid shall, before payment of
the purchase money, be capable of passing to a purchaser, unless the
vendor shall have obtained such certificate of improvement as aforesaid.
TIME OF PAYMENT OF THE PURCHASE MONEY.
XXI. The purchase money, except as otherwise provided in the case
of a person desirous of acquiring a contiguous portion of land, shall be
payable for land acquired in manner aforesaid by installments at the
rate of one shilling per acre, such installments to be paid once in every
year until the purchase money is paid in full; and the first installment
is to be paid within twelve months after the survey of the land is made,
or in case of the land being surveyed within twelve months, after the
record.
GjttANT   OF  THE  LAND.
XXII. Upon payment of the purchase money, a conveyance of the
land purchased shall be executed in favor of the purchaser, reserving
the precious minerals with a right to enter and work the same in favor
of the Crown, its assignees, and licensees, and subject to such mineral
leases as may effect the land conveyed. -»V».ummf
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
COMPENSATION  TO   PERSONS   WHOSE  LAND  IS   TAKEN  BY  THE
GOVERNMENT.
XXIII. In the event of the Crown, its assignees, or licensees availing itself, or themselves, of the privileges (other than the taking of land
required for roads) mentioned in clauses thirty-one and thirty-two, a
reasonable compensation for the land taken, wasted, or damaged, shall
be paid to the person whose land shall be taken, wasted, or damaged
as aforesaid.
PRIORITY   OBTAINED   BY  REGISTRATION  WITH  POSSESSION.
XXIV. Priority of title shall be obtained by the person who, being
in possession, shall first record his claim in manner aforesaid.
REGISTRATION TO BE RECORDED WITH LAND RECORDER.
XXV. Every person who shall have recorded -his claim with the
Surveyor-General aforesaid, shall within thirty days from such record,
record with the Land Recorder of the District or Settlement (when
appointed) a copy of the record made with the said Surveyor-General,
and all maps or plans accdfhpanying such record.
SURVEYOR-GENERAL   MAY    CANCEL    CLAIMS     WHOSE     OCCUPATION
HAS   PERMANENTLY   CEASED.
XXVI. Whenever any person shall permanently cease to occupy
land acquired in either of the methods aforesaid, the Surveyor-General
may in a summary way, on being satisfied of such permanent cessation,
cancel the claim of the person so permanently ceasing to occupy the
same, and record the claim thereto of any other person satisfying the
requirements aforesaid.
TWO    MONTHS'   ABSENCE,    AS   A   RULE,   SUFFICIENT   EVIDENCE    OF
CESSATION   OF   OCCUPATION.
XXVII. As an ordinary rule, two months' absence from the land
acquired shall be sufficient evidence of permanent cessation of occupation.
MEANING   OF  " OCCUPATION."
XXVIII. The "occupation" mentioned herein shall mean a continuous personal residence of the claimant himself.
SURVEYOR-GENERAL    MAY   GRANT   A   LICENSE   TO    ACT  AS    SUBSTITUTE   FOR  THE  PRE-EMPTOR.
XXIX. If'any claimant shall show good cause to the Surveyor-
General, he may grant him a | License to Substitute " in the form contained in Schedule B hereto, and the continuous personal residence of
the person named in such license (such person not being or becoming
subsequently to the date of the license a claimant of land under this
or any previous proclamation) shall, during the continuance of the '-«wip#!e •
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
115
license and after record with the Land Recorder, be as effectual as the
continuous personal residence of the claimant himself.
ON   CANCELLATION ALL   DEPOSITS  AND IMPROVEMENTS FORFEITED.
XXX. All deposits paid in respect of such forfeited claims, shall be
forfeited; and all improvements, buildings, and erections thereon, shall
(subsequent to the appeal hereinafter mentioned) be open to settlement
by any other person.
APPEAL   FROM THE   DECISION   OF   THE   SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
XXXI. The summary decision of the Surveyor-General may be
appealed by either party to the decision of the Judge of the Supreme
Court of Civil Justice, in such manner as may be provided by any Act
of the Legislature.
SAVING  OF  RIGHTS   OF   FREE   MINERS.
XXXII. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as giving a
right to any claimant to exclude licensed miners from searching for any
of the minerals aforesaid, or working the same upon the conditions
aforesaid.
GOVERNMENT MAY TAKE LAND REQUIRED FOR ROADS OR PUBLIC
PURPOSES.
XXXIII. The Government shall, notwithstanding any claim, record
or conveyance aforesaid, be entitled to enter and take such portion of
the land acquired in either of the methods aforesaid as may be required
for roads or other public purposes.
SAVING   OF  THE  RIGHTS   OF MINERS   TO   CARRY AND   LEAD   WATER.
XXXIV. Water privileges and the right of carrying water for mining purposes may, notwithstanding any claim recorded, be claimed and
taken upon, under or over the said land so preempted or purchased as
aforesaid, by licensed miners'requiring the same, and obtaining a grant
or license from the Surveyor-General, and paying a compensation for
damage to the person whose land may be wasted or damaged by such
water privilege or carriage of water, to be ascertained in case of dispute in manner aforesaid.
FORFEITURE   OF   OLD   BY  REGISTRATION   OF  NEW  CLAIM.
XXXV. If any person, being already registered as a claimant, register a claim to any other land not being contiguous thereto, the land so
previously claimed shall ipso facto be forfeited, and shall, with all improvements thereon, be open to settlement by any other person.
POWER OF REFERENCE TO THE SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
XXXVI. In case any dispute shall arise between persons with
regard to any land so acquired as aforesaid, and one of the parties in ■
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIAN
difference may, before ejectment or action of trespass brought, refer
the question in difference to the Surveyor-General, who may proceed
in a summary way to restore the possession of any land in dispute to
the person whom he shall deem entitled to the same, and to abate all
intrusions, and award and levy such costs and damages as he may think
fit.
THE   GOVERNOR  MAY  APPOINT  LAND   RECORDERS.
XXXVII. The Governor may, from time to time, appoint, remove,
and reappoint a person resident in any District or Settlement to be
I Land Recorder " for the same District or Settlement, and may, from
time to time, appoint a deputy to act in his place during his absence.
DUTIES OF THE LAND RECORDER.
XXXVIII. The duties of the " Land Recorder " shall be to keep a
book to be called the | Occupation Record," in which he shall enter, at
the request of .any person who has acquired land, a memorandum of
the presence of such person in the District or Settlement on the date of
such memorandum, and in the event of such person ceasing to occupy
land acquired as aforesaid for a temporary purpose, the name of the
person (not being a person registered as a preemptor) occupying for
him, such person to appear and be identified before such Recorder at
the time of the record.
THE   SURVEYOR-GENERAL   TO   TRANSMIT  MAPS  AND   COPIES   OF
REGISTRATION  TO  LAND  RECORDER.
XXXIX. The Surveyor-General shall, from time to time as Land
Recorders are appointed, transmit to each Recorder copies of all maps
of the District or Settlement to which such Recorder is appointed, and
also copies of the Registration Record of the said District or Settlement (if any).
RECORDER SHALL ENTER COPIES OF FRESH RECORDS.
XL. The Land Recorder shall also record, in a book to be supplied
to him for that purpose, the copies of the Records made with the Surveyor-General, and of the maps and plans aforesaid, and keep them
for the inspection of the public.
PERSON OCCUPYING IN THE PLACE OF ANOTHER WHO RECORDS FOR
HIMSELF TO CEASE REPRESENTING THE OTHER.
XLI. Any person occupying land in the place of a person temporarily absent, who shall record any claim to any land, shall be deemed
from the date of such record to have ceased to occupy on behalf of
the person temporarily absent.
recorders' reports.
XLII. The Land Recorder shall report to the Surveyor-General AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
117
once every six months the state of his District or Settlement, particularizing as far as possible the number of settlers who are resident on
recorded claims, and the number of claims recorded which have been
vacant for two months or longer.
STATEMENT  OF  RECORDER   AS   TO   CERTIFICATE   OF   IMPROVEMENT.
XLIII. A statement of the Land Recorder, signed and addressed
by him to the Surveyor-General, shall be prima facie evidence of permanent improvements to the value therein mentioned.
EXTRACTS  FROM  "OCCUPATION  BOOK"  TO  BE EVIDENCE.
XLIV. An extract from the " Occupation Record," signed by the
Land Recorder, and proved to have been so signed by a competent
witness, shall be, prima facie evidence of the occupation by the person
therein named as personally present on the date therein mentioned,
and an extract made, signed and proved, as aforesaid, of the record of
the name of the person occupying as substitute for another, shall be
prima facie evidence (until rebutted by evidence of absence or registration as aforesaid) of occupation in lieu of the preemptor registered.
OMISSION TO ENTER THE LAST DATE, WHEN PRESENT, TO BE PRIMA
FACIE EVIDENCE OF ABSENCE FOR TWO MONTHS PREVIOUS TO THE
APPLICATION FOR CANCELLATION.
XLV. In the event of any application for the cancellation of a claim
on the ground of permanent cessation of occupation, if the person
whose claim shall be sought to be canceled shall be shown to have
quitted the District, without recording the date of his last presence in
the District or Settlement as "aforesaid, the date of his absence shall
prima facie be taken to have been more than two months previously to
the date of the application for cancellation.
THE  SURVEYOR-GENERAL  MAY REQUIRE  NOTICE TO BE SERVED ON
PARTY WHOSE CLAIM IS SOUGHT TO BE CANCELED.
XLVI. In the event of the Surveyor-General requiring the attendance personally of the person whose claim is so sought to be canceled,
he may require that notice to attend at the Land Office, Victoria, at a
time to be fixed by the Surveyor-General, shall be served on such
person.
NOTICE  MAY  BE   SUBSTITUTED   ON  THE  RECORDER.
XLVII. In the event of such person not being found and served
with such notice, the Surveyor-General may order such notice to be
left with the Land Recorder for tbe District or Settlement where such
contested claim is situate.
COSTS   OF  SERVING   SUBSTITUTED  NOTICE.
XLVIII. A sum, not exceeding one pound, to be fixed by the Sur- R*t«P
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
veyor-General, aud noted on the notice, shall be paid to the Land
Recorder to meet the expenses of serving the said notice, by the party
requiring the same to be served.
SERVICE   OF  SUBSTITUTED   NOTICE AND RETURN BY THE RECORDER.
XLIX. The Land Recorder shall, if the person upon whom the
said notice is to be served can be found in the said District or Settlement, cause the same notice to be served upon him, and as soon as the
Land Recorder has served the said person, or ascertained that he cannot be found in the said District or Settlement, shall certify the same
under his hand, and remit such certificate by the earliest communication
to the Surveyor-General.
THE SURVEYOR MAY PROCEED EX PARTE.
L. The Surveyor-General, upon the receipt of the said certificate
and after such postponement and advertisements (if any) as he may
think necessary, may determine the question on such evidence, whether
ex parte or otherwise, as he may think proper.
FEES PAYABLE TO THE RECORDER.
LI. The Recorder shall be entitled to the fees of four shillings and
two-pence on recording copies of any preemption record from the Land-
Office, and to a fee of one shilling on recording any other matter or
thing, and the said fees shall be paid and payable by the person requiring the record to be made, and the Recorder of each District or Settlement shall also be entitled to the amount of record fees paid at the
Land Office for the registration of claims in his District or Settlement.
RECORDER  TO   SIGN  RECORDS.
LII. The Recorder shall sign his name at the foot of every entry in
the | Occupation Record."
SHORT   TITLE.
LIII. This proclamation may be cited as the | Vancouver Island
Land Proclamation, 1862."
Given under my hand and the public seal of the said Colony, at
Victoria, Vancouver Island, the sixth day of September," A. d., one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and in the twenty-sixth year of
Her Majesty's reign.
JAMES DOUGLAS.
By His Excellency's command.
William A. G. Young.
God Save the Queen! —
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
119
I hereby certify that-
SCHEDULE A.
-has satisfied me by evidence of [nam
ing the witness and detailing any other evidence upon which the Surveyor- General has come to his judgment] that of has
made improvements to the extent of ten shillings an acre on acres
of land, situated at .
Signed this-
-day of-
SCHEDULE B.
I hereby license-
-of-
months, the claim recorded No.-
ord Book, in the stead of	
Dated this day of—
 to occupy for the space of	
page of the Preemption Rec-
Surveyor- General.
CITY ORDINANCES AND BY-LAWS.
Ordinance on Nuisances.
We, the Mayor and Councilors in Council convened, by virtue of
the power and authority vested in us by an Act entitled " An Act to
Incorporate the City of Victoria," passed the second day of August,
A. D., 1862, and in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Her Most
Gracious Majesty, Queen Victoria; and whereas, it is expedient for the
good government of the city.
Section 1. Therefore be it ordained, that from and after the passing of this ordinance, no slaughter-house, tannery, distillery, or other
offensive trade or occupation, shall be conducted in any premises situated within the limits of the said city, under a penalty not exceeding
one pound sterling for each offense.
Sec. 2. That no person shall ride or drive through the public streets
at a pace exceeding eight miles per hour, under a penalty not exceeding one pound sterling for each offense.
Sec. 3. No person shall. lead or drive any horse or cattle on any
sidewalk or footpath not proper therefor, under a penalty not exceeding one pound sterling for each offense.
f
J' :  ~       1
■it|pft|lM.!^i*P|J,.
IffWitJUi-.lff,
120
THE   BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Sec 4. All pigs and goats found at large within the city limits shall
be deemed a nuisance, and impounded, and the owner shall forfeit for
each and every offense a sum not exceeding one pound sterling, and in
default of payment of the said penalty, the pigs and goats so impounded shall, after the expiration of seven days, be sold by order of
the presiding officer.
Sec. 5. No person shall wantonly fire or set off, or discharge, any'
guns, pistols, cannons, squibs, crackers, or fireworks of any kind or
description, nor shall wear or carry on the person any loaded fire-arms
or dangerous weapons about the person within the city limits, under a
penalty not exceeding five pounds sterling for each offense.
Sec. 6. No person shall interrupt any of the footpaths or sidewalks
by placing thereon any boxes, bales, barrels, merchandise, or articles
of any description, beyond a period of six hours, under a penalty not
exceeding one pound sterling for each offense.
Sec. 7. During the erection or repair of buildings no person shall
occupy more than one-third of the width of the street, or fail to put up
a fence round the works, and keep lights burning at night in the street
near such buildings, under a penalty not exceeding five pounds sterling
for each offense.
Sec. 8. No person shall throw or deposit on any of the footpaths,
sidewalks, highways, thoroughfares, or any public place within the city
limits, any rubbish, filth, ashes, or offal of any kind, under a penalty
not exceeding one pound sterling for each offense.
Sec. 9. No person or persons shall interrupt any highway or public
thoroughfare within the city limits, by erecting thereon any fence,
building, barricade, or obstruction of any nature or kind, under a penalty not exceeding ten pounds sterling for each offense.
Sec. 10. No person shall be allowed to dump any ashes, dirt, rubbish, stones, or filth, of any kind whatsoever, into the harbor, or place
the same in such position that it may be washed into the harbor, under
a penalty, for the first offense, a sum not exceeding five pounds sterling;
the second offense to be fined or imprisoned at the option of the Mayor
or presiding officer.
Sec. 11. Every person who in any thoroughfare shall beat or shake
any carpet, rug, or mat, except door-mats, after the hour of eight in
the morning, or throw or lay any dirt, litter, or ashes, or any carrion,
fish, offal, or rubbish, or throw, or cause any such thing to go into any
sewer, pipe, or drain, or into any well, stream, or water-course, or put
the same in such a position that it may run into the harbor, or any
pond or reservoir for water; or cause any offensive matter to run from
any manufactory, brewery, slaughter-house, butcher-shop or dung-hill,
or any uncovered place, whether or not surrounded by a wall or fence. AND   VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
121
Every person who shall empty, or begin to empty, any privy within
the hours of six in the morning and twelve at night, and who shall
move along any thoroughfare any night-soil, soap-lees, ammoniacal
liquor, or other such offensive matter, between the hours of six in the
morning and eight in the evening, and who shall at any time use for
such purpose any cart or carriage not having a proper covering, or who
shall willfully or carelessly slop or spill any such offensive matter in
the removal thereof, or who shall not carefully sweep or clean away
tiich place in which any such offensive matter shall have been placed,
spilled, or slopped; and in default of the apprehension of the actual
offender, the owner of the cart or carriage employed for any such purpose shall be deemed to be the offender.
Sec. 12. No person shall injure any highway or public thoroughfare
by running large bodies of water on to the same, so as to interrupt the
travel thereon, under a penalty not exceeding one pound sterling for
each offense.
Sec. 13. No person shall sink any privy, vault, or cesspool nearer
than two feet to his neighbor's premises, and not less than twenty feet
from the street, under a penalty not exceeding one pound sterling for
each offense, and to be compelled to abate the nuisance under such
penalty as the Mayor or presiding officer may direct.
THOS. HARRIS,
Mayor of the City of Victoria.
This twenty-third day of September, 1862.
Algernon Austen, Town Clerk.
Ordinance to Regulate the Construction of Footpaths.
We, the Mayor and Councilors, in Council convened, by virtue of
the power and authority vested in us by an Act of Incorporation, entitled " An Act to Incorporate the City of Victoria," passed on the second
day of August, a. d., 1862, and in the twenty-sixth year of the reign
of Her Most Gracious Majesty, Queen Victoria.
I Section 1. Be it ordained, that from and after the passage of this
ordinance, all owners of real estate fronting on the streets hereafter
named, shall construct footpaths of wood, stone flagging, tiles, or-bricks.
The width of the footpaths shall be one-sixth the width of the street,
and shall have an incline of not more than one-quarter of an inch to
the foot, from the frontage of lots towards the street, and to be of uniform grade.
Sec. 2. If the footpaths are constructed of wood, the planks shall 	
122
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIAN
not be less than one and a half inches thick, and securely nailed to four
by four inch or three by six inch joists.
Sec. 3. Provided always, that three-fifths of the owners of subdivisions of any blocks between streets and street may petition the
Council to have the footpaths fronting their property reduced to any
width not less than six feet.
Sec. 4. Footpaths already constructed shall be made to conform to
this ordinance as the Council may direct.
Sec. 5. All footpaths shall be kept in good repair by the owners of
the property fronting the same.
Sec. 6. Footpaths to be constructed on the following named streets,
and on all streets within the limits of the same: commencing at the
corner of Fisguard and Store streets; up Fisguard to Douglas street,
along Douglas to Yates street; along Yates street to Blanchard street;
along Blanchard street to Rae street; along Rae to Douglas street;
along Douglas to Humboldt street; up Humboldt to Rupert street;
from Douglas, on Humboldt, to Government street; along Government
to Fort street; along Fort street to Wharf street; along Wharf street
to Store street; along Store street to place of beginning; and along
the front street in James Bay; from the bridge to St. John street.
Sec. 7. Parties failing to comply with this ordinance within sixty
days from the publication of the same, the Council shall advertise in
the public newspapers for five days, soliciting tenders for the performance of the work, and shall let out the same to the lowest responsible
bidder, who shall execute a bond with two or more sureties for the
faithful performance of the work.
Sec. 8. After the contractor shall have performed his contract satisfactorily, the Council shall make the assessment to cover the amount
due, in conformity to the preceding provisions. The assessment shall
briefly refer to the contract, the work performed, show the amount due,
the rate per foot front, the amount of each assessment, the name of the
owner of each lot, and the number of each lot or portion of lot assessed.
Sec. 9. The assessment thus made shall have attached to it a warrant signed by the Mayor. Such warrant shall authorize the contractor, his agents, or assigns, to demand and receive the several
assessments, and on this warrant the contractor may sue the parties so
assessed at any time after thirty-five days in any Court having jurisdiction of the amount.
THOS. HARRIS,
Mayor of the City of Victoria.
This twenty-third day of September, 1862.
Algernon Austen, Town Clerk. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
123
Supplementary Ordinance.
Any person or persons who shall interrupt the travel on any highway, by opening or excavating any portion of the roads or footpaths on
the.same, without first obtaining consent of the Council, shall be deemed
guilty of committing a nuisance, and fined not more than five pounds,
or imprisonment at the discretion of the Mayor or any Justice of. the
Peace.
THOS. HARRIS,
Mayor of the City of Victoria.
This twenty-seventh day of October, 1862.
Algernon Austen, Town Clerk.
By-Law, No. 1.
For the Protection of the City against Fire.
We, the Mayor and Councilors, in Council convened, by virtue of
the power and anthority vested in us by an Act entitled " An Act to
Incorporate the City of Victoria," passed the second day of August,
a. d., 1862, in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty, Queen Victoria; and whereas, it is expedient for the
good government of the city.
Section 1. No person or persons shall make a bonfire in any public street or thoroughfare at any time, nor have any fire burning out of
doors after sunset within the limits of the city.
Sec. 2. No person or persons shall use a burning candle, lamp, or^
taper, in any stable or place containing hay, straw, shavings, or any
combustible material, within the limits of the city, unless such burning
candle, lamp, or taper, be inclosed in a lantern or other safe covering.
Sec. 3. No person or persons shall fix or pass any stove-pipe
through the walls, ceilings, or roof of any wood building. j
Sec. 4. No person or persons shall pass any stove-pipe through any
lath and plaster, or wood partition, except there be a free space of not
less than three inches round the same, which may be covered with perforated iron, zinc, or tin plate.
Sec. 5. All chimneys, stove-pipes, and flues shall be kept clean;
and if any chimney or stove-pipe take fire, the person or persons using
the same shall be subject to the penalty hereinafter mentioned.
Sec. 6. No person or persons shall build, set, or place any stove,
furnace, range, fire-place, or vessel, in which fire may be kept, in such
manner that the back thereof be less than sixteen inches from any
wood work; all stoves, ranges, etc., built in brick chimneys shall be BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
provided with a stone or brick hearth projecting not less than twelve
inches from the fire front. Iron stoves, furnaces, etc., detached from
tbe walls of any building shall stand upon stone, brick, zinc, or other
incombustible material, which shall project not less than one foot from
the front or door of the same.
Sec 7. The walls of all chimneys adjoining wood work shall not be
less than six inches thick. No joists, bond-timber, or wood of any kind
shall be allowed to enter or rest upon any chimney.
Sec 8. It shall be the duty of the Fire Wardens, in their respective
wards, or upon complaint made to the said Fire Wardens (in writing)
by the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department or his Assistant, or by
any Police officer, to notify any person or persons failing to comply
with the provisions of this By-Law, stating the alterations or amendments required, and all persons so notified shall alter, remove, amend,
or destroy whatever obstacles may exist to the proper carrying out of
this By-Law, within forty-eight hours after the receipt of such notice.
Sec 9. The Fire Wardens may, and are hereby authorized to enter
any building or tenement within their respective wards, individually or
in company with either the Chief Engineer, his Assistants, or any
police officer, to inspect any flues, chimneys, stove-pipes, stoves, furnaces, ranges, fire-places, or other vessel in which fire is kept, and if
in his or their opinion the same is constructed, erected, or placed con-.
trary to the provisions of this By-Law, he shall give notice and order
the alteration or removal of the same as hereinbefore stated.
Sec 10. Any person or persons failing to comply with any of the
provisions of this By-Law, shall be subject to a penalty not exceeding
five pounds sterling for each offense.
THOS. HARRIS,
Mayor of the City of Victoria, j
This third day of October, 1862.
Algernon Austen, Town Clerk.
By-Law, No. 2.
Defining the Duties of Fire Wardens, and Regulating the conduct of
the Inhabitants at Fires.
Section 1. It shall be the duty of the Mayor and Council, at their
first meeting after the passing of this By-Law, and thereafter annually,
to appoint one Councilor to act in each ward as Fire Warden.
Sec 2. The duty of the said Fire Warden shall be to attend at all
fires within their respective wards; and they shall have chief com- m
finsfc
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
125
mand in all things pertaining to the preservation of goods and other
property that may be endangered. They shall have power to arraign
any person or persons at or near the fire in such manner as may be
necessary to assist the Fire Department the more effectually to discharge their duty.
Sec 3. It shall be the duty of the Mayor and each member of the
Council to attend such fires, to assist the Fire Warden, and afford him
their counsel and cooperation ; .and for the more effectual extinguishing
of fires, it shall and may be lawful for the said Fire Warden, with the
concurrence of the Mayor or either of the Councilors present, and the
Chief Engineer of the Fire Department, or his Assistants, if present,
(and they are hereby authorized and empowered so to do) to cause to ■
be demolished, cut down, or removed, any building, erection, or fence,
for the purpose of checking the progress of any conflagration.
Sec 4. In the absence of the Fire Warden, at any fire in his ward,
either of the other Fire Wardens, or the Councilor who shall first
arrive at the place of fire, shall discharge the duties of Fire Warden
until his arrival.
. Sec 5. All persons, not being members of the Fire Department,
shall pay implicit obedience to the orders of the Fire Warden, the
Mayor, or any member of the Council, who shall, during the absence
of the Fire Warden, assume the authority of directing at fires.
Sec 6. For the better distinguishing of Fire Wardens, each shall
be provided, at the expense of the corporation, with a speaking trumpet painted white, having in red letters thereon the words " Fire
Warden," and the number of the ward. These trumpets shall be
given over to their successors at the expiration of their term of office.
Sec 7. The Fire Wardens shall hold office until their successors
shall have been appointed.
Sec 8. The owner of every house or block of buildings shall provide and keep constantly on the premises a good strong ladder, long
enough to reach the whole hight of his principal building.
Sec 9. Any person or persons convicted upon information before
the Mayor or any Justice of the Peace of this city, of raising a false
alarm of fire, shall be subject to the penalty hereinafter mentioned.
Sec 10. No person shall oppose or interfere with any Fire Warden
in the discharge of his duty as such, or oppose any Fireman or Constable specially or otherwise engaged in protecting property or in aiding the Fire Department.
Sec 11. Any person or persons violating any of the provisions of
this By-Law, shall be subject to a penalty not exceeding ten pounds
sterling, or imprisonment not exceeding one month. "H
126
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Sec 12. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to give the
Fire Wardens, or any member of the Council acting in their stead,
any authority to interfere with the working of the fire engines or other
apparatus of the Fire Department that may be under the direction of
the Chief Engineer or his Assistant.
THOMAS HARRIS, Mayor.
Algernon Austen, Town Clerk.
: ■
PORT DUES.
Fees for entrance and clearance for vessels entering and clearing
the Ports of Victoria and Esquimalt:
SCHEDULE A.
All vessels under 15 tons burden £0*  4 0
" of 15 and not exceeding 30 tons burden    0   6 0
1 30        " " 50 "     0    8 0
I 50        " "        100 "     0 12 0
1 100        I "       200 "     10 0
I 200        " "       300 "     15 0
I 300        | |       400 "     1  13 0
I 400        " "       500 "     2 ' 1 0
I 500        1 "       600 "     3    2 0
And an extra charge of £1 on every 100 tons above 600 tons.
SCHEDULE B.
Half-yearly Licenses for Coasters under 10 tons £1 0 0
" " "       "       of 10 and not exceeding 30 tons burden.  2 00
" " "        | 30        " " 50 tons burden.  3 0 0
" " "       " 50 tons and upwards    4 0 0
SCHEDULE C.
Boat under 16 feet in length, per quarter £1    0 0
"  of 16 feet and not exceeding 10 tons burden, per quarter    1 10 0
Lighters and Scows under 10 tons burden, per quarter    2   00
"       "       "    of and not exceeding 10 tons, per quarter    25 0
For every additional ton    0    1 0
SCHEDULE D.
For each invoice under £100 in value £0   4 o
" "     of £100 and not exceeding £250    0   60
I 1 250        I I 600    0    8 0
I 500        " " 1000    0 12 0
For every additional £100 in value    0   2 0 	
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
127
PILOT  DUES,  ETC.
Two pounds per foot draught.    (It is not compulsory to take a
pilot.
Licensed Pilots.
Capt. Gardiner, Capt. Pike,
Mr. John Titcombe.
NUMBER, TONNAGE AND CREWS OP VESSELS
Entered and Cleared at the Port of Victoria,  Vancouver Island, during the Six
Months ending June 30th, 1862.
Entered. Cleared.
Nation.
Colonial..
British
American.
Danish....
German..
Hanover .,
No.
Ton. •
Crew.
180
24,498
1,617
3
1,295
65
330
68,034
3,040
1
351
14
1
■346
11
1
516
363
12
94,887
4,759
Nation.
Colonial..
British ...
American
Danish ...
German ..
Hanover..
No.
234
6
313
1
1
1
556
Ton.
24,788
2,400
67,943
351
346
363
96,191
Crew.
1,856
105
2,921
14
11
12
4,919
Entered and Cleared at the Port of Victoria,  Vancouver Island, during the  Six
Months ending December 3lst, 1862.
Entered. Cleared.
Nation.
No.
i
Ton.     Crew.
Nation.
No.
Ton.
Crew.
Colonial	
British
234
11
398
1
32,283   1,889
7,130,     265
64,689   2,035
261        13
223
7
367
7
30,694
4,538
64,224
261
1,833
170
American	
Prussian	
2,866
12
644
104,363
5,101
598
99,717
.4,881
RECAPITULATION.
No. Ton. Crew.
Total of vessels entered the Port of Victoria in 1862....  1,160.. 199,250.. 9,860
" "       cleared       " " i ....  1,154.. 195,908.. 9,800
mv.
!k 128
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE PORTS OF VICTORIA AKD ESQUIMALT.
IMPORTS
Total of imports for first six months of 1862:
From San Francisco $1,292,736
England. "	
Oregon	
"Washington Territory.
British Columbia	
New Zealand	
Sandwich Islands	
168,825
43,845
115,608
6,550
2,505
96,643
Total $1,724,712
Fr.
Total of imports for last six months of 1862.
om San Francisco $1
England •	
Washington Territory	
Oregon	
Sandwich Islands ,	
China	
British Columbia.
Australia	
Valparaiso	
,272,422
527,407
86,561
33,032
49,768
26,616
15,640
32,170
17,000
Last half of 1862 $1,954,616
First half of 1862   1,724,712
Grand total I $3,679,328
Total imports for 1862 $3,679,328
Total imports for 1861   2,335,298
Increase in favor of 1862 $1,344,030
EXPORT S .
The principal exports are Gold Dust from British Columbia, and
Coal from the Nanaimo mines. A small quantity of British manufactured goods have been sent to San Francisco during the year,
and found a profitable market. This trade will ho doubt increase,
but at present much care and judgment is required in selecting
suitable goods. The other articles exported are chiefly Furs, Hides,
and Fish Oil. Several large vessels have also taken in cargoes of
Spars and Lumber at the Alberni Mills, on the West Coast. r
•
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
129
Exports of Gold during the year 1863.
(From the Daily Chronicle.)
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express and Bank.
January $ 12,053 83
February  76,399 00
March  25,986 09
April  85,624 89
May ,  82,973 00
June  72,338 89
July  110,971 89
August  119,560 45
September  112,081 04
October  238,105 60
November  436,304 12
December  200,697 38
$1,572,096 18
Hudson Bat Compant.
March 2—Per " Princess Royal"  $50,208 00.
Bank of British Columbia.
Not included in Wells, Fargo & Co.'s statement     21,500 00
Schloss & Livingston.
Not included in Wells, Fargo & Co.'s statement   187,000 00
Macdonald & Co.
Not included in Wells, Fargo & Co.'s statement  335,379 00
Total shipment for 1862* $2,167,183 18
RECAPITULATION.
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express.
1858 $  337,765 17
1859      823,488 41
1860    1,298,466 00
1861   1,340,395 72
1862   1,573,096 18
Total v $5,373,211 48
Macdonald & Co.
From 1858 to December 31st, 1862 $1,207,656 00
1862, not included in W., F. & Co.'s statement      335,379 00
Total amount sent below since 1858 by Macdonald & Co.
on their own account $1,543,035 00
Export of Coal during* the~year 1863.
(From the British Colonist.)
Tons. cwt.
January l»26 1
February   709   5
March  747
* The above figures do not include the amount sent below in private hands, which, if correct data
were obtainable, would, it is believed, swell the total of this year's shipments to $3,000,000.
10 I!
i
»*■
130 THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Tons. cwt.
April 1272 16
May   646 11
June   738 14
July 1361 13
August 1142 14
September 1372   1J
October 3886 14
November 1777   4
December 2595 10
Total 18,177 17£
Of the above, 7,471 3-20 tons we're shipped for Victoria and
Esquimalt; 7,398 tons for San Francisco; 2,529 4£-20 tons for the
consumption of H. M. ships and other steamers that have visited
this port; 462 tons shipped for Portland Gras Company; 3l7i tons
for New Westminster, B. C.
It may be well to state that the above quantity was shipped on
board 47 steamers, 1 ship, 14 barks, 3 brigs, 131 schooners, and
35 sloops—altogether 231 vessels.
REVENUE  OF VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Receipts for the year ending 1861 £25,291
Expenditures 1 |         22,835
Principal Items op Expenditures.'
Establishments £9,971 15
Roads     5,057    0
Police and Jail     1,394    0
Light Houses     1,508    0
Abstract of the Revenue received during the year 1862.
HEADS OF REVENUE.
Civil.
Real Estate Tax  £6,683 11 11
Land Sales  3,950   7 11
Land Revenue  92   4 1
Liquor Licenses  3,553   5 0
Trading Licenses  2,840 10 0
Victoria Street Tax (arrears)  64 13 8
a ^
«tf  AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
133
CHURCHES.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND—ANGLICAN CHURCH.
British Columbia and Vancouver Island were constituted a Colonial
Diocese by the British Government in 1858, on the offer of Miss A.
Burdett Coutts to provide in the new See endowments for the Bishopric
and two Archdeaconries. Of the latter, one only as yet as been
filled up.
Right Rev. George Hills, D.D Bishop.
Rev. Henry Press "Wright, M.A Archdeacon.
CHURCHES, DISTRICTS AND CLERGY IN VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Victoria.—Christ Church.
Rev. E. Cridge, B.A Rector.
Rev. A. C. Garrett, B.A Lecturer.
[Prior to the Bishop's appointment, this- Church was the Government District Church for Victoria, and the clergyman was the Colonial
Chaplain, supported by Government grant. This is now wholly discontinued, and the Anglican Church, like all other religious bodies in
the Colony, is disconnected with the State.]
St. John's Church.
Rev. R. J. Dundas, M.A Rector.
Rev. C. T. Wood, M.A ; Lecturer.
Nanaimo.—St. Paul's Church.
Rev. J. B. Good Rector.
Saanich District Chapel.
Rev. B. Lowe, B.A.
Craigiiower aud Esquimalt.
Rev. C. T. Wood, M.A.
Cedar  Plains District Chapel.
Rev. A. C. Garrett, B.A.
Barclay Sound.
Rev. C. Knipe, M.A.
m ——
134
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
CHURCHES AND CLERGY IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
STew Westminster.—Trinity Church.
Rev. J. Sheepshanks; M.A Rector.
Sapperton and Royal Engineers Camp.
Rev. H. P. Wright, M.A.
Oope.—Christ Church.
Rev. A. D. Pringle, M.A Rector.
Douglas.—St. Mark's Church.
Rev. J. Gammage Rector.
Lillooet— St. Mary's Church.
Rev. R. L. Brown, M.A Rector.
Yale.
Rev. H. Reeve, B.A.
CHURCH SCHOOLS.
Victoria.—Collegiate School for Boys.
Rev. C. T. Wood, M.A Principal.
Rev. D. Reece, B.A Vice-Principal.
Robert Williams, Esq Vice-Principal.
Mr. Digbt Palmer Teacher of Music.
Mr. Vincent Teacher of Drawing.
Collegiate School lor Girls.
Mrs. Wood Lady Principal.
The Misses Penrice Assistant Teachers.
S. Saanich.
Rev. R. Lowe.
STanalmo.—School for Oirls.
The Misses Joyce.
Yale School.
Miss Evans.
INDIAN MISSIONS.
Victoria.
Rev. A. C. Garrett  . Principal.
STanaimo.
Rev. J. B. Good, Mr. C. Cave, Catechist.
Fort Simpson, 15. C.
Mr. W. Duncan, Mr. Cunningham. AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
135
HOURS OF DIVINE WORSHIP.
Christ Church.
Sunday Morning 11a.m.
H      Afternoon   3 p.m.
"      Evening   6i  |
Wednesday Evening  7     |
Sunday School  2     |
St. John's Church.
Sunday Morning 11 A. M.
"      Evening   7 p.m.
Special week-day services at various times.
Sunday School 2| p. m.
ROMAN CATHOLIC.
St. Andrew's K. C. Church.—Humboldt Street.
The Right Rev. Modeste Demers, Bishop of Vancouver Island and
British Columbia.
The Revs. F. F. D'Hercomez, Baudre and Lejacq, Oblates of
Mary Immaculate, Assistant Priests.
Service on Sundays at 8 and 10^ o'clock a. m., catechetical instruction from 3 to 4 o'clock p. m., followed by vespers and benediction.
Service at the Convent at 8 o'clock a. m.
Female School.—View Street.
Under the superintendence of the Sisters of St. Anne. General
branches of education taught, Music included.
Boy's School.—Humboldt Street.
Under the patronage of the Right Rev. Bishop and management
and superintendence of the Oblate Fathers. Course of Instruction:
English and French, etc., etc.    N. B.—No extra charge for French.
WESLEYAN METHODIST MISSIONS.
The Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada, in connection with the
British Conference, occupied Vancouver Island and British Columbia
as a Mission District by sending four ordained clergymen of their body,
who arrived at Victoria in February, 1859, since which period another
has been .sent. The Missions are under the superintendence of the
Rev. E. Evans, D.D., as Chairman of the District, and the ministers
are at present stationed as follows: I
HP
I
fe
is
&
136
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Victoria.
Rev. E. Evans, D.D., Rev. D. V. Lucas.
A beautiful and commodious church has been erected, with a spacious
school and lecture room. Also a parsonage on Broad Street, where
the pastor resides. Public services are held every Sabbath at 10 1-2
o'clock a. m. and 6 1-2 o'clock p. m. A Sabbath School and Bible
classes at 2 1-2 o'clock p. M A circulating library has been formed
in connection with this Church.
Wanalmo.
Rev. E. Robson.
A neat church and a parsonage have been built in the town, and a
building for church and school purposes on the Indian Reserve. Services are held twice each Sabbath in the town, and a Sabbath School
assembles in the afternoon. The Missionary pays occasional visits to
Salt Spring Island, Cowichan and Comax.
Bfew 'Westminster, JS. C.
Rev. E. White.
Here a church and parsonage has been built.    Public services and
a Sabbath School are held every Sabbath.    Several adjacent places
are furnished with religious instruction by the resident minister assisted
by local preachers.
Hope and Yale, IS. C.
Rev. A. Browning.
The minister resides at Tale, where a church has been built.   Services are held at Hope and Yale and adjacent places.
Cariboo
Was occupied by the Chairman and Rev. A. Browning during four
months of the mining season last year, a temporary supply being meanwhile furnished for Hope and Yale.
CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH—PORT STREET.
Rev. Mr. Macfie Pastor.
Morning services at 11 o'clock.    Evening services at 6 1-2 o'clock.
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Rev. A. Hall Pastor.
Morning services at 11 o'clock.    Evening services at 6 1-2 o'clock.
S V AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
137
CONGREGATION EMANU EL.
David Shirpser President.
S. Hoffman Vice-President.
II. Hoffman Secretary.
A. Blackman .Treasurer.
David Kaufman Trustee.
A. J. Brunn        "
M. Moritz        «
Number of Congregation, 44.
SCHOOLS,  ETC.
Central School, Victoria, Vancouver Island.
- This Institution is located on Fort street, between Douglas and
Blanchard. The building, which is neat in appearance, most commodious in its internal arrangements, and well furnished, is capable of
accommodating one hundred and fifty pupils of both sexes. It was
erected and opened in the autumn of 1861 by the Principal, in order
to meet the urgent requirements of the city for such an establishment,
at the cost of about $3,000. The school is conducted entirely and
exclusively on non-sectarian principles, and on the admirable Common
School system of Canada West, both the Principal and First Assistant
being first class graduates of the Toronto Normal and Model Schools.
The fees are very low, and the English course embraces a wide field
of study. French and Fancy Work, under the supervision of M'dme
Petibeau, is also included in the curriculum. The Institution, in fact,
was designed, and does, so far as is practicable, supply the pressing
need of a Public Common School in Victoria.
The staff* of Teachers is as follows:
J. Jessop, Esq Principal.
Mr. D. B. Chisholm First Assistant.
M'dme Petibeau French and Fancy Work.
Mr. E. Vincent Drawing Master.
«5
d
m*
^
d( 138
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
COLONIAL   SCHOOLS.
Rev. E. Cridge.   Acting Superintendent.
I.   Victoria School.
Teacher, Mr. W. Burr.    Salary, £200 per annum. - Number of
pupils on the books at examination in July, 1862, 44.
II.   Craigflower.
Teacher, Mr.  Claypole.    Salary, £200 per annum.    Number of
pupils on the books at examination in July, 1862, 27.
III.   STanaimo.
Teacher, Mr. C. Bryant.    Number of pupils on the books in July,
1862, 27.
The buildings are all in good repair.
A sound Enghsh education is given in all the schools.
The schools are open to all classes at the rate of £5 per annum.
COLLEGIATE SCHOOL FOR BOYS, VICTORIA, V. I.
Established, 1860.
The Right Reverend The Lord Bishop Visitor.
The Rev. Chas. T. Woods, M.A., T.C.D., and Oxon Principal.
Robert Williams, M.A., Cantab Second Master.
(Wrangler and Member of Senate of Univei*sity of Cambridge.)
Mr. E. Vincent Drawing Master.
Mr. Digbt Palmer Professor of Singing.
Course of Instruction.—The Greek and Latin Classics. Mathematics—Arithmetic, Geometry, Algebra, Trigonometry. The English
Course comprises Geography, History, Book-Keeping, Astronomy,
Natural Philosophy, etc. Modern Languages—French and Spanish.
Drawing and Singing.
School Hours—9 to 3 o'clock.    Recess, 12 to 1 o'clock.
Terms.—Under twelve years of age, $5 per month; under sixteen,
$6; and over sixteen, $8.    No extras.    Fees, payable in advance.
The Collegiate School is conducted on the principles of the old
established English Grammar Schools, a religious education being the
recognized basis of all instruction.
Eighteen years' experience as a teacher on the part of the Reverend
The Principal, and considerable experience, in their several branches,
on the parts of the Assistant Masters, together with University degrees,
Ft
>«P
% AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
139
etc., are a complete guarantee of the thorough efficiency of the Collegiate School staff.
As soon as the necessary buildings can be erected, it is intended to
make the Collegiate School an institution for the reception of a large
number of boarders as well as day pupils. Meanwhile the Principal
is prepared to receive a few boarders in his own house.
The present school buildings (comprising a large well-lighted and
ventilated school-room, class-rooms, etc.) stand on the most elevated
part of Victoria, adjoining the Church reserve, and are admirably
suited for their purpose, being fully supplied with all necessary educational appliances.
LADIES' COLLEGE, VICTORIA, V. I.
It is the object of this Institution to provide careful religious training, in combination with a solid English education, and the usual
accomplishments.
The Lord Bishop of British Columbia and Van. Island Visitor.
Mrs. Woods Lady Principal.
Miss Penrice )    T   ,.      .    . .     ■
co;      TSm >-    Ladies Assistants.
Miss A. Penrice )
The course of education includes Religious and Moral Training, in
conformity with the principles of the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church of Amei*ica. English in all its branches,
including Grammar, Geography, History (Ancient and Modern), Arithmetic, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Latin. Modern Languages—
French, German, Spanish, and Italian. Music and Singing; Drawing
and Painting; Needle Work, etc.
Terms (inclusive of French) per Month.—Under ten years of age,
$5; above ten and uftder fifteen, $6; above fifteen, $10. The only
extras are Music and Singing, $2 ; Drawing and Painting, $2.
School Hours.—9| to 2 o'clock.    No recess.
For terms for boarders, and other particulars, apply personally or by
letter to the Lady Superintendent at the College.
N. B.—Boys under seven years of age will be received at the lowest rates mentioned above. Two vacations in the year. All fees to be
paid in advance. 140
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
SOCIETIES, COMPANIES, ETC.
MASONIC.
Victoria Lodge, STo. 1085.
Robert Burnaby W. M.
Thos. Harris S. W.
Richard Lewis J. W.
M. Sporborg Treasurer.
W. H. Thain Secretary.
Kady Gambitz S. D.
Lumley Franklin J. D.
John Malowanski I. S.
George Creighton O. S.
J. J. Southgate Past Master.
George Pearkes  "
Lodge room over Hibben & Carswell's book store.    Meetings every
Thursday night at 7 1-2 p. m.
The Vancouver Lodge, No. 4L£X.
J. W. Powell W. M.
Hon. David Cameron :.... D. M.
R. T. Smith S. M.
S. Goldstone S. W.
J. Kane J. W.
J. Couch Secretary.
George Cruickshank Treasurer.
R. McDonnell | Tyler.
ST. ANDREW'S SOCIETY.
This Society was originally constituted in the year 1859, and its
projectors, a few benevolent and spirited Scotchmen, being animated by
a sincere desire to do good, placed before them as its objects the relief
and assistance of any of their countrymen who, while unwilling to
cast themselves upon the charity of the general public, might be, by
■ N—> AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.        141
- -       -
force of sickness, accident or other untoward circumstances, rendered
proper recipients of aid, conferred in a kindly manner and in a spirit of
delicacy, or who might be in want of information and advice upon their
arrival in this new colony.
The Society, although at first it felt all the effects of the limited and
changeable nature of our population, has gradually and constantly
progressed till at the present time the number of its members has
reached over one hundred; and amongst those who are interested in
its welfare are enrolled the names of many of our most respectable
inhabitants—all of whom, more especially its late President, Captain
Reid, have contributed largely to place it in its present prosperous condition. Subjoined is a list of the present office bearers ; and it is well
for Scotchmen to know that upon their arrival here they may, by calling upon any of the officers, obtain reliable information regarding the
land they have come to live in, kindly advice as to their future plans,
and all the assistance in their power towards obtaining employment, or
if need be, temporary relief of present necessity:
HONORARY  PRESIDENT.
His Excellency Governor Douglas, C. B.
HONORARY  VICE   PRESIDENTS.
Hon. Chief Justice Cameron, V. I.
Hon. Chief Justice Begbie, B. C
Gilbert M. Sproat, Esq President.
James D. Walker, Esq Vice President.
James Duncan, Esq Vice President.
Rev. R. J. Dundas Chaplain.
Dr. Trimble Physician.
A. D. Macdonald, Esq Treasurer.
Mr. Thomas Gorrie • .Warden.
Archel Matheson  Secretary.
COMMITTEE   OF MANAGEMENT.
Captain Irving,
J. Robertson Stewart, Esq.,
Thomas Lowe, Esq.,
Charles Wm. Wallace, Esq. .-■»
142
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE AMATEUR DRAMATIC ASSOCIATION OF
VICTORIA.
His Excellency Governor Douglas Patron.
Robert Burnaby, Esq President.
Selim Franklin, Esq Vice President.
W. A. Harries, Esq Hon. Sec.
George Cruickshank, Esq Treasurer.
A. M. Harris, Esq General Manager^
COMMITTEE.
Hazlerigg Bell, Esq., Lumley Franklin, Esq.,
Godfrey Brown, Esq., A. B. Fry, Esq.,'
H. C. Courtney, Esq., Captain Layton,
P. S. Dowson, Esq., H. Rushton, Esq.,
Edward White, Esq.
CHEBRA BIKUR CHOLIM UKEDISHA.
Organized in the month of Seva, 5621, corresponding with June,
1862.
John Malowanski President.
Emanuel Levy Vice President.
David Shirpser Treasurer.
David Hart Secretary.
TRUSTEES.
i J. W. Keyser, Lewis Davis, Lewis Levy.
THE  VANCOUVER COAL  MINING AND LAND  COMPANY, LIMITED.
This Company's property at Nanaimo embraces an area of more
than 6,000 acres, one-half of which is available for mining purposes.
The quality of the coal, already beyond question superior to any on
the Pacific coast, would seem by every year's experience to be greatly
improving; each new shaft sunk invariably developing coal of a much
finer description.
The new Douglas vein in particular, both as regards steam and
stowage qualities, is acknowledged by most competent judges to be surpassed only by the best Welsh coal, and that merely by about two per
cent. — .    .
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
143
Through the improvements and additions to machinery, plans, etc.,
the productiveness of the Nanaimo coal fields has been greatly increased
of late; the yield of the last quarter being fully one-third in excess of
any previous one.
With the ample provisions made in the matter of wharfs, jetties and
barges for loading vessels at all times of the tide, the possession of a
good and commodious harbor, and the successful working of the Dong-
las, Newcastle and Dunsmuir veins, the Company are now enabled to
supply vessels with return cargoes of coal suitable for every purpose ;
and as a large sum has been expended in the purchase of new and
more powerful machinery, (now on its way from England) and a further
sum of from $40,000 to $50,000, set aside for sinking additional shafts
and making tramways to the harbor, the Company will be prepared to
meet that demand which the superiority of the Nanaimo coal is daily
calling forth.
The large and increasing exportation of coal to California and elsewhere and the growing demand for it in our midst is a sure guarranty
that the investment of capital in the Nanaimo Coal Mines will not
prove unremunerative.
Bank of British North America.—The Victoria branch of
this establishment was formed in 1859. The Bank itself was established in 1836, and has branches in most of the principal towns in
British America. The paid up capital is $5,000,000, and the head
office is in London. J. G. Shepherd, Esq., is the present Manager of the
Victoria office.
Bank of British Columbia.—This association was formed during the past year, by parties of influence and position in London, in
consequence of the extensive gold discoveries in British Columbia, and
the want of banking facilities in that Colony. At present, only a branch
exists in Victoria, but as soon as circumstances justify such a step it is
contemplated by the Directors to establish branches in the neighboring
Colony. Its capital is $1,250,000, in 12,500 shares of $100 each.
The head office is in London. James D. Walker, Esq., is the Manager
of the Victoria branch.
Macdonald & Co.—This private banking house has been carried
on since the establishment of Victoria in 1858, by its present Manager,
Alexander D. Macdonald, Esq.    Office, Yates Street.
Wells, Fargo & Co.—Bankers and Express Agents.
of the Victoria office, C. C. Pendergast, Esq.
Manager ■■ - —~
 "
144
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Hudson Bay Company.—Dugald McTavish, Esq., Chief Factor;
Roderick Finlayson, Esq., and Dr. Tolmie, Factors; Alex. Monro,
Accountant.
Vancouver Coal Mining Company.—Works at Nanaimo. C.
S. Nicol, Esq., Manager. Dickson, Campbell & Co., Agents at Victoria.
Victoria and Esquimalt Railroad Company.—Charles G.
Wylly, Esq., Secretary.    Office, Langley. Street:
Victoria Gas  Company.—C. W. R. Thompson, Esq., Secretary.
British Columbia and Victoria Steam Navigation Company.—J. T. Wright, Esq., Manager. Office, corner of Fort and
Langley Streets.
Bute Inlet Wagon Road Company. — A. R. Green, Esq.,
Secretary.    Office, corner of Fort and Langley Streets.
Victoria Water Works Company. — J. J. Cochrane, Esq.,
Secretary.    Office, Government Street.
Queen Charlotte Copper Company.—Robert George, Esq.,
Secretary.    Office at Gladwin & Tarbell's, Wharf Street.
-a, ■"■ _--- * -     --
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
145
A
&   IliBMf
) fl i n f& f^
i
sriSialB. I     $s>
ACROSS THE SOUTH FORK OF
UESNELLE   RIVER
This is the only practicable route to the Cariboo Mines during the
Spring and Fall. Also, the only road by which animals can be taken
to Cariboo without swimming rapid and dangerous streams, by which
many animals were drowned during the past year.
The Proprietors have spared no expense in making this not only
THE FINEST BKTOQE IK THE COUNTRY,
but also the strongest and most secure ; and they keep a number of men
constantly employed in keeping the roads to and from the Bridge in
a thorough state of repair.
ABLER & BARKY,
II in m
9
FORKS OP QUESNELLE RIVER, B. C.
THE   CHOICEST BRANDS OF
WINES,  LIC-fcTJORS and &gH§jfiBs
ALWAYS ON HAND.
ALSO, TWO FIRST-CLASS BILLIARD TABLES.
ADLES, & BARRY, Proprietors.
11 ~     " "" — - r■*■■>■ ' •'""■
146
BRITISH  COLUMBIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
JOHN EAMAGE,
WMIMU'S A BWltll
uw ima i^miMamilm^m^    W?    Wm yy mmMmw
A large and splendid assortment of
WATCHES   .A-IVI}   JEWELRY,
Of the finest workmanship and the latest styles.
DR. McNAUGHTON JONES, M. D„
w mm
■ Gff .0
TO  THE
ROYAL HOSPITAL OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
mi"V-A-TE   JS^EEIDIO-A-Ij   OFFICE r
Columbia Street, IVew Westminster,
THOMAS CUNNINGHAM.
GEORGE R. ASHWELL.
IVEW FURNITURE AND STOVE EMPORIUM;
The subscribers would announce to the ig^^^rrr^
inhabitants of New Westminster, and British Columbia generally, that they have removed their
Zj£
UMIflK Ml fflfl llllllfll
To their new Building,
COLUMBIA   STREET,
And,  having made  arrangements for DIRECT IMPORTATION
from the BEST MARKETS, are prepared to sell
all articles in their line at the
LOWEST   POSSIBLE   PRICES.
Orders are respectfully invited from all parts of the Colony, and will
receive prompt and careful attention.
CUNNINGHAM  & ASHWELL. BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
147
*! IS W/
fU      fflH
irnw
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
MESSRS. GRELLEY BROTHERS
Have added to their comfortable
HOTKL AND 1ISTATOAIT
&w
A SPLENDID
In which will always be found the best
ZDIEUIlKriKZS   .AJSTID    CIGARS.
In connection with the above they have opened a Store, stocked with
the choicest Brands of
Wines, Liquors, Ales, Porter, Brandies, Rum, Cider, Syrups,
<20~RI>TAJL.i&,  BITTERS,   &c,
Which they will sell by the Bottle, Gallon, or in Case.    Also, the
best Brands of
Havana,   Manila,   and  Cheroots.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
HENRY V. EDMONDS,   :   .   .   .   PROPRIETOR.
This House offers accommodation equal to any in the
Colony, at extremely moderate prices.
SQUARE   MEALS,   FIFTY   CENTS,
Good Beds, and MCeals at all Hours,
1 148
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
!9§>tJ
v^mW&ti&SS.
• fir ^4e g^l
ZD\T:E"W*   "W^STIMIIIISrSTEIR,-
R.   ff^EWIS,
o • •> • i
The Traveling Public are notified that the Table of the above
Hotel is constantly supplied with the best the market affords, and that
every attention will be paid to their comfort.
TS
IXrZB^r   WESTMINSTER.
EBENESER  BROWN,   .   .   .   PMOP1
Always on hand, a large and well assorted stock of
English Ales and Porter, Wines, Liquors, and Cigars,
of the choicest quality.
EDWARD CAFFERTY,
GT
s
AY WAY, NEW WEST3IINSTER.
THE CHOICEST BRANDS OF
WINES, LIQUORS, ALES, PORTER and CIGARS,
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
GEORGE TRAUFIELD,
COMMISSION
:e>e.axiE:r, i3sr
lmh.s ®knnm®s asndl (Sksimcsimll 3Pir©dhni
QUAY WAY, NEW WESTMINSTER. BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
149
Under the Acts 1857 and 1858, limiting the Liability to the Amount Subscribed.
CAPITAL,    $250,000,
In Twenty-five Hundred Shares, of $100 Each,
WITH POWER TO INCREASE.
The want of Banking accommodation by the Merchants, Miners, and general
public of British Columbia has long been severely felt, and it is thought that the
time has now arrived when the business of the Colony calls for a permanent Bank
of its own; and the promoters of this scheme, having full confidence in the public
spirit and commercial enterprise of the inhabitants of British Columbia, beg as a
remedy to propose:
That a Bank under the above title be established in New Westminster;
That the Capital be $250,000, in 2500 shares of $100 each, a deposit of $10 to
be paid on each share on the 1st of February, 1863, $10 on the 1st of August,
1863, and $10 on the 1st of February, 1864; the remainder to be at the call of
the Directors—but no call at any one time to exceed 10 per cent, of the amount
subscribed, nor to be enforced without three months' notice, nor more than two
calls to be made in any one year;
The aifairs of the Bank to be managed by a Board of Directors, chosen annually, at a general meeting of the shareholders ;
Subscription books to be opened at once, and whenever a sufficient number of
names shall be subscribed to fulfill the requirements of the existing laws, a general
meeting to be called for the election of Directors, the making of By-Laws for the
government of the Bank, and the transaction of such other business as may be
deemed necessary.
The business of the Bank would embrace the usual transactions of such establishments, and, in addition, the purchase of Gold in Dust and in Bars—which last
branch would prove a very great benefit to Miners and Traders, and, in return,
yield a handsome and legitimate p*jj5fit to the shareholders.
The operations of the Bank wouldj in the first instance, be confined to the General Office at New Westminster, and, in due course of time, as the extension of
business should warrant, branch offices would be established in the different up-
country towns.
It would be almost useless to lay before the public of British Columbia the
many advantages afforded by having in the Colony a Bank of its own, where the
Head Office and subsequent branches would be'in the Colony, where the share-list
would be composed of its own Colonists, and where the profits arising therefrom,
instead of being remitted to Foreign Shareholders, would be handed over to residents, and be again placed in circulation in the Colony.
The profits arising from the establishment, under somewhat similar circumstances, in the Colonies of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, have been large;
and the promoters of this purely colonial undertaking earnestly beg the co-operation and assistance of the inhabitants of the Colony, convinced that, by so doing,
they will at the same time promote the public good and their own interests.
Applications for shares to be made to the Provisional Managing Committee,
New Westminster, and will be received up to the 5th of January, 1863, when the
lists will be closed. BRITISH  COLUMBIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
rplWKp'W
m
AND
5SJ ra*^
OOI^FEE    S-AJLOOHX.
The undersigned begs to inform his friends and the public generally,
that he has removed to his new and commodious establishment on the
Corner of Columbia and Hall Streets,
where he hopes to receive, from a generous and discriminating public,
an extended patronage, commensurate with his increased facilities for
accommodating them.
E,   TEA,  CHOCOLATE,
PIES   J^HTID   O-A-ZKES.,
Supplied at all hours, and
AT   REDUCED    RATES.
Orders for Weddings and Parties promptly attended to.
JAMES ALLAN.
f^r
Begs leave to call the attention of the inhabitants of New Westminster, and the pubhc generally, to his new. and well selected Stock of
Groceries and Proflslor
LAMPS,   COAL   OIL.
All of which he offers
CHEAP   FOR   O-A.
COLUMBIA  STREET,
NEXT DOOR TO S. T. TILLEY'S BOOKSTORE. -—: '-
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
151
CONSTANTLY ON HAND, IN THE
NEW WESTMINSTER LUMBER YARD,
A  LARGE  ASSORTMENT   OF
ROUGH AND  DRESSED LUMBER.
ALSO,
DOOES   .AJXTID   ^V"I3STnDO"\^7"S
OF ALL SIZES.
Bills of Lumber cut on the shortest notice, and orders from the
interior promptly attended to.
J. A. R. HOMER.
M. J. BLACKMAN,
MANUFACTURER OF
TIN, COPPER, AND SHEET IRON,
AND DEALER IN
STOVES, TINWARE, HARDWARE,
aUCllil MB «USS¥iRS.
JOBBING done in a neat manner, and with dispatch.
LEADERS and GUTTERS made on short notice, and at reasonable prices.
T McLEESE,
Carpter, §rakrt anb Contractor,
COBNER OF COLUMBIA AND MABY STREETS,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
in pi^lff^.WIJ'M.iiipipflliPo  ~
152
BRITISH COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
BONDED   ^TIT'.A.IS.IEHOTTSDEJ..
HENRY   HOLE? ROOK,
%
^
LIVERPOOL   WHARF,
NEW   WESTMINSTER.
Bonded and Free Storage for 600 tons Goods.    Every accommodation given to Goods landed on the Liverpool Wharf, for
shipment up river.    A large assortment of
GOODS FOR SALE AT VICTORIA PRICES,
WITH   THE   DUTY ADDED.
G-XJrVS,   KEVOLVERS,
AND
PIRE   ARMS   OP   EVERY   DESCRIPTION,
CLEANED    AND    REPAIRED,
AND   KEPT   ON   HAND   FOR   SALE.
The Subscriber begs to inform the Public that he has commenced
business as a
€3r xj ra ggg JS/L ITH,
On Columbia Street, opposite Mr. Holbrook's Store,
where he is prepared to execute, with neatness and dispatch, any work
in his line.
^gp" Orders from the interior will at all times receive prompt attention, and charges will be moderate.
ROBERT   GAWLEY.
g^+
W4THI 41! (MM IA1I1
Next Door to the Ottawa Market,
COLUMBIA   ST.,    NEW  WESTMINSTER.
Watches ami Clocks cleaned and repaired.    Jewelry neatly
repaired.
Orders from the interior will receive prompt attention. u,„ —	
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
153
•      JL/9
S. E. GRAIN,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
DRUGS AND MEDIGIiES,
FBRFUHBRY,
OILS, PAINTS, COAL OIL, AND CAMPHEIVE,
COLUMBIA  STREET,
NEW   WESTMINSTER.
SAMUEL TOMKINS,
LTOAfMTO -WHO   f kWW   Wi^WMW
im3wall ollto uiL&m StJuSffi*
On the Lightning Creek Trail from Williams Creek.
Every accommodation for TRAVELEES.
iEALS   AT   ALL
i%3"**
THE BAR SUPPLIED WITH
"WXTSTES, LIQ,UORS and CIG-AJEL&,
OF THE FINEST QUALITY.
SAMUEL BRILEY,
Eight miles above Keithley's Creek, on the Direct Route
to Antler, Williams, and Lightning Creeks.
Every accommodation for TRAVELERS.
MEALS   AT   ALL    HOURS.
The TABLE supplied with  everything the  market
affords.
WINES, LIQ,TJOIfcS and. CIGS-AJEtS,
Of the very best quality, to be had at the Bar.
&£-r BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
DOUGLAS
ALEXANDRIA.
J. HERKIMER,
mm ong
LILLOOET,   B.   O.
G*X9Z    C*m
This House is furnished in the very best style,, and
the Table is supplied with the choicest viands.
Stages, connecting with the Steamers for New Westminster, leave daily. "SiMWW-    _    -!Viip
....4JHPHPP.....I. ''^"oft
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
155
THE   LILLOOET   K.OUTE.
STOP   AT   THE
«a«r^<*
WHERE
TRAVELERS CAN MEET WITH EVERY COMFORT,
AT   REDUCED   RATES.
P.  SMITH  &  CO.
©
M
DOUGLAS   AND   LILLOOET,
WILL  FORWARD  ALL  GOODS
INTRUSTED TO THEIR CARE,
WITH   ALL   POS#BLE   DISPATCH.
If. w. foster,
IflSIlIl
AND
G0IIIS8I0N IEECHAIT,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
»rn
If If
™f-i
.11
LILLOOET,   B-   O.
I - - —— ■-— "	
156
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
Mil
BRITISH    COLUMBIA.
This Ranch is situated on the RIYER TRAIL, on
the DIRECT ROUTE to CARIBOO, within an easy
day's ride of WILLIAMS LAKE.
The very best accommodation for TRAVELERS.
The BAR well supplied with
WINES,   LIQUORS,   AND   CIGARS.
Constantly on hand, large quantities of
SI HAY AND GRAIN.
JIM WOODWARD,
THE WILLIAMS CREEK SALOON,
WILLIAMS CREEK, CARIBOO.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND, A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
WINES, LIQUORS, ALE, PORTER,
AND   CORDIALS.
OSCARS   OF   T
ST   BRA^SS
GOME AFB TAKE A SMILE. h     • —-~—mmmw
"       ■■■V**"v]*r»J,J
BRITISH  COLUMBIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
157
I rift vbH h0 8-ftimii raft I
SITUATED ON THE DIRECT ROAD
TO   THE
PEACE   RIVER   A2TO   CARIBOO
MINES.
The accommodation for TRAVELERS is not surpassed
by any House in the country.
•mm niiii ii|iiiif in inula
The Cooking Department is under the superintendence of the best COOK in British Columbia.
J. SELLERS,
P. DUNLEVY,
Proprietors.
N.   H.   POINEE
y^%
U.      a   H Li ifia
Isy pa f&i $g      |%8| H 1 n pa pp Lj-S
I3SJ"   CARIBOO
IS XIV CONSTANT RECEIPT OF
•    CATTLE  AND  SHEEP,
DIRECT   FROM   OREGON. k	
158
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
WILLIAMS LAKE, B. CL LOWEE HOUSE.
PINCHBECK'S
<n
The accommodation  for TRAVELERS  unsurpassed
by any Hotel in the country.
The TABLE is constantly supplied with every delicacy that money can purchase.
A  LARGE   STOCK  OF
Miners' Supplies, of Every Description,
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
til iiisiist iiiiii if mus® ii|iinf
-A-1ST ID    CIGARS,
TO BE HlD AT THE BAR.
PINCHBECK & CO., Proprietors.
TTTT/IEl T.ATHnra P1^"1
III JLJU
J3U£UEA M
Situated eight miles from the Forks of Quesnelle
River, and sixteen ' from Beaver Lake, on the Direct
Route to CARIBOO.
First class accommodation for TRAVELERS.
. JI ililiilf WI1ES, Uflilii 111 lilllii
S®@) Ml
AND
Grood   Feed,  for   ^eVnimals.
SMITH & O'BRIEN, Proprietors. ——   • -m'- - :—   -
BRITISH COLUMBIA ADVERTISEMENTS.
159
PROPRIETOR OF THE
ALSO,
G-HIFFIN & OOE,
PROPRIETORS OP THE
II
RI
THE MILL WILL CUT
1,000   it-eist   fei*,  HOUR,
AND WILL BE KEPT
SSS9G   NIGHT  AND   DAY,
Until the immense demand for the ensuing season is fully supplied.
« - --          —— —
160
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  ADVERTISEMENTS.
fcferfr
iwm*»
I'lWl
lUNIEVY,
EB LAKE, B. C,
A.3ST3D
This is one of the finest Ranches in British Columbia.
A TABLE kept unsurpassed by any in the Colony.
The finest Wines and Liquors to be obtained in the
market always on hand.
DRY GOODS, WEARING APPAREL, &e.
Accommodation on the Ranch for an unlimited number of animals.
A large quantity of FEED for the Spring Trade.
as
^0, n n ft ft
I® i m
KEITHLEY'S   CREEK.
GEORGE  TEAS  &  D.   McKEON
The Choicest Brands of Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
^EALS   AT   ALL   HOURS.
PIES, BBSAD, GAOS, MB (MMTOMEY, -fSB
NEW WESTMINSTER AND FRASER RIVER.
New Westminster, the capital of British Columbia, is situated on
the north or right bank of the Fraser River, just above the junction of
the north fork and fifteen miles in a general north-easterly direction
from the entrance proper; it occupies a commanding and well chosen
position, being within an easy distance of the entrance, and having
great facilities for wharfage, and along its water front a good depth of
water and excellent anchorage.
The river bank in some places is somewhat steep, and the country at
the back is like all the lower parts of the Fraser River (unless in the
immediate vicinity of the entrance, where it is swampy grass land, subject to inundation during the freshets of summer) covered with a dense
growth of magnificent pine and cedar; the soil, however, is well adapted
for agricultural purposes, and considerable clearings have already been
made in the vicinity of the city. There are, also, some large tracts of
open grass land on Pitt River five miles east of New Westminster,
which, however, is sometimes partially overflowed during six weeks in
the summer months.
New Westminster is the only port of entry in British Columbia, and
is admirably fitted by its situation to command the trade of the Fraser
River. This river in point of magnitude and present commercial
importance is second to none on the north-west coast of America. In
its entire freedom from risk of life and shipwreck, it possesses infinite
advantages over anv other river on the coast; and the causes of this
.immunity from the dangers and inconveniences to which all great
rivers emptying themselves on an exposed coast are subject, are sufficiently obvious : a sheltered strait, scarcely fifteen miles across, receives
its waters, and the neighboring Island of Vancouver serves as a natural
breakwater, preventing the possibility of any sea arising which would
prove dangerous to vessels even of the smallest class. To the same
causes may be attributed in a great measure the fixed and unvarying
character of the shoals, through which this magnificent stream pursues
its undevious course into the Straits of Georgia; and there can be little
doubt that at no distant period it is destined to fulfill to the utmost the
purposes for which Nature ordained it—the outlet for the products of a
12 T—""
162
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
great country, whose riches in mineral and agricultural wealth are daily
being more fully discovered and developed.
The river, with its numerous tributaries, has its rise in the Rocky
Mountains, between four hundred and five hundred miles from the coast
in a northerly direction; from whence it forces its way in torrents and
rapids through one of the many great parallel valleys which intersect
this region, confined by gigantic mountains, with large tracts of country
rich in agricultural resources on either side, until it reaches the town of
Hope, which is about eighty miles from the mouth of the river. At
Hope the river assumes the character of a navigable stream; steamers of light draught reach this point and the town of Yale, fifteen
miles above it, during from six to nine months of the year. In June,
July and August the melting of the snow in the mountains causes so
rapid a downward stream that vessels even of high steam power are
required to stem'- it; but at Langley, sixteen miles above New Westminster, the river becomes a broad, deep and placid stream, and except
during three summer months the influence of the flood stream is generally felt, and vessels of any draught may conveniently anchor.
The river boats connect with the gulf steamers at New Westminster,
and run to Hope and Yale, on the Fraser River, and also to Douglas,
situated at the head of Harrison Lake, which empties through the Harrison River into the Fraser midway between Langley and Hope.
These are the two main avenues of travel to the Upper Fraser. By
the Harrison Lake route, a communication has* been established through
a long chain of lakes connected by wagon roads to Lillooet, a thriving
town on the Upper Fraser, and the main depot for supplies for the
upper country. From Yale a substantial and well constructed* road connects with Lytton at the confluence of the Thompson and Fraser rivers,
(fifty-five miles above Hope) and runs from that point up the Thompson and Buonaparte rivers till its junction with the main wagon road
from Lillooet to Fort Alexandria.
The first house in New Westminster was erected by Mr. W. J.
Armstrong, on the thirteenth March, 1859, and since that period the
growth of the city has fully kept pace with the local requirements and
the general development of the country; it now comprises about three
hundred buildings, many of them being of a most substantial character,
including some fine churches, warehouses, hotels, stores and private
residences of the citizens; the engine house belonging to the Hyack
Fire Company, a fine Court House and other public buildings are
worthy of notice. Columbia Street is the principal thoroughfare, and
is a magnificent street, ninety-nine feet in width.
The first wharf was constructed by Mr. J. T. Scott, of the P
loneer
Saloon, in the Spring of 1859, and since that time the wharfs have AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
163
been largely extended along the whole business portion of the city
front, and substantial sheds and warehouses erected thereon.
The direct trade with Portland and San Francisco is at present limited in extent, but will, doubtless, assume larger proportions as New
Westminster increases in importance.
A joint stock bank, called | The Colonial Bank of British Columbia," has just been formed by some of the leading citizens. Capital,
$250,000, with power to increase. Directors pro tern.: Messrs. Hol-
brook, Cooper and Claudet.
A Government Assay Office has been established for some time; and
the machinery for a mint has also been erected and only awaits orders
from the Home Government before being put in operation.
New Westminster is the residence of the Government officers, with
the exception of the Governor and Colonial Secretary.
The societies of New Westminster are numerous, and comprise a
Masonic Lodge, Albion Club, St. Andrew's, debating and temperance
societies; there is, also, a hospital, supported by voluntary contributions.
There are three churches—Episcopalian, Wesleyan and Presbyterian—having commodious places of worship, affording ample accommodation for the population, which now numbers from 1,200 to 1,500
persons.
The only newspaper in British Columbia—" The British Columbian "—is published at New Westminster every Wednesday and Saturday,
and is ably conducted by the proprietor and editor, John Robson, Esq.
A Municipal Council was established, by proclamation of the Governor, in New Westminster on the sixteenth day of July, 1860, and the
city divided into four wards, returning seven Councilors. This act was
extended on the twenty-second day of October, 1861, and the city is at
present divided into five wards, returning nine Councilors. Since the
passage of .these acts, the most energetic measures have been taken by
the Council for the improvement of the city, and authority given them
to raise loans and levy taxes on real estate for that purpose.
The military establishment or camp of the Royal Engineers, a mile
above New Westminster, is a most picturesque spot, commanding an
uninterrupted view of the Queen's Reach, a broad, deep and magnificent
sheet of water. From the Camp to Port Moody, an excellent, harbor
at the head of Burrard's Inlet, is four miles in a northerly direction.
A o-ood wagon road has been constructed to the outer harbor of the
inlet, which is a most important work, enabling the inhabitants of New
Westminster to communicate with the outer world in the event during
a hard winter of a temporary blocking up of the river with ice. 164
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
The water on the bar at the mouth of the Fraser River, according
to the charts, has an average depth of twenty-two feet, and vessels
drawing that amount can ascend the river to New Westminster. At
this point the river is from 1,200 to 1,500 yards wide, and much
•deeper than at its junction with the sea.
It has been asserted that the town site for New Westminster was
selected for its military advantages only, which is evidently a mistake.
As a commercial position it is beyond a doubt the best that could have
been selected, combining as it does all that could be desired, either in
a naval, military, or mercantile point of view.
RESIDENTS OF NEW WESTMINSTER.
ALLAN, J. H., City Bakery.
Armstrong, W. J., provision merchant.
Bacon, Charles A., Government Assay Office.
Baptiste, , hair dresser.
Barnston, J. G., barrister.
Begbie, Matthew B., Judge of the Supreme Court.
Bell, J. E., contractor.
BLACKMAN, M. J., hardware.
Bousfield, F., Government Assay Office.
Brew, Chartres, Police Magistrate.
Brounlee, Thos. (Flook & B.) butcher.
BROWN, EBENEZER, Liverpool Arms.
Burr, Hugh, Columbia Hotel.
Busbbey, Arthur T., Registrar General of Deeds.
Calder, Alexander, clerk in the Treasury.
Clarkson, W., New Westminster House.
Claudet, F. G., Chief Assayer in the Government Office.
Clute, J. S., clerk with J. A. Webster.
Conn, H. D., tailor.
Cooper, Captain, Harbor Master.
Cooper, John, Chief Clerk in the Treasury.
CORMACK, W. E., merchant.
CRAIN, S. E., drugs and medicines.
Crain, S. E., surgeon.
Crease, H. P. P., Attorney-General.
CUNNINGHAM & ASHWELL, hardware dealers. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
Davis, W. F., tinsmith.
Dickenson, R.
Drassaud, P., French Bakery.
EDMONDS, H. 0, Hardie's Hotel.
Fernandez, G., grocer.
Finlaison, , clerk in the Customs Office.
Fitzgerald, Jacob, hair-dresser.
Flook, W. (F. & Brounlee) butcher.
Francisco, Olmedo, hair-dresser.
Gassett, William D., Treasurer of British Columbia.
GAWLEY, ROBERT, gunsmith.
Gillett, William, dry-goods.
Graham, John, clerk in the Treasury.
GRELLEY, D. F., Colonial Hotel.
Grieve, W.
Hamley, Wymond, Collector of Customs.
Hall, V., Town Clerk.
HANNAH, R., grocer.
Harris, F., butcher.
Hayden, C., Columbia Saloon.
Hernandez, J., hair-dresser.
Hicks, Philip, grocer and baker.
Hitchcock, W., melter Government Assay Office.
HOLBROOK, HENRY, merchant.
HOMER, J. A. R., lumber merchant.
Hooper, George, auctioneer and commission merchant.
Jamieson, Robert, Rev., Free Church.
JONES, McNAUGHTON, M.D.
Johnstone, D.
Johnstone, W., boot and shoemaker.
Lambert, J. W., " British Columbian" office.
L'Ecuyer, A., Colonial Hotel.
Lewin, H., tobacconist.
LEWIS, N. R., Oro House.
Lindsay, S. (Polley & L.) Polley's Saloon.
Lyons, Isaac, watchmaker.
Moody, Richard C, Colonel Royal Engineers, Commissioner of
Lands and Works, etc.
Mathew, Greville C, Registrar of Supreme Court.
Manson, A. H.
1
1 —=*5- j"*?
166
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
McCrea, W. H., Chief Clerk in the Customs Office.
McLEESE, ROBERT, builder and contractor.
Mead, R. P., painter.
Murray, John, (Smith & M.) grocer.
Nelson, C, general dealer.
Peacock, W. G., commission merchant.
Polley, William, Polley's Saloon.
Pool, Robert, clerk with J. A. Webster.
Pritchard, Captain, Superintendent of Jail.
RAMAGE, JOHN, watchmaker.
Reid, John, gunsmith.
Robson, John, editor || British Columbian."
Rose, W.
Scott, J. S.
Seddall, J. Vernon, M.D., Royal Engineers.
Sheepshanks, Rev. John, Episcopalian Church.
Sing Lee, laundry.
Smith, John, (S. & Murray) grocer.
Spalding, W. R., postmaster.
Sullivan, J. D., "British Columbian" office.
Thomas, S., book-keeper with Henry Holbrook.
Tilley, S. T., stationer.
Webster, J. A., dry-goods.
White, A.
Wilcox, James, boards at the Oro House.
Wolsey, John, clerk in the Treasury.
Wright, H. P., The Venerable Archdeacon.
NAMES OF THE HUDSON BAY CO.'S STATIONS
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, AND THE GENTLEMEN IN CHARGE.
W. H. McNeill, Esq Fort Simpson.
Mr. W. H. Newton Fort Langley.
Mr. W. Charles Fort Hope.
Mr. 0. Allard Fort Yale.
Mr. J. W. McKay Thompson River.
Mr. William Manson Alexandria.
Mr. Thomas Charles Fort George. ■■h9^-"A."-->*
AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.        167
Mr. Peter Ogden Fort St. James.
Mr. Ferdinand McKenzie McLeod's Lake.
Mr. William Tod Connolly's Lake.
Mr. J. Moberly Fraser's Lake.
Mr. Gavin Hamilton Fort Babines.
Mr. A. McDonald Fort Shepherd.
The foregoing are all the Stations now held by the Hudson Bay
Company in British Columbia.
COLONY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Salary.
His Excellency James Douglas, C.B.
Gov. and Commander-in-Chief'.. £1,800
Private Secretary  300
Col. R. C. Moody, R.E.. Officer in command of Troops and
Commissioner of Bands $ Works
(and military pay and allow's) 1,200
William A. G. Young... Colonial Secretary  800
Charles Good Chief Clerk  350
John Connell ,. .. Clerk  250
J. Judson Young ...'... Clerk  220
William D. Gossett, R.E.Treasurer '... 750
(Absent on leave.)
Charles Brew (Acting'),	
John Cooper Chief Clerk and Cashier  350
John Graham Clerk  250
Alexander Calder Clerk  220
John Wolsey Clerk  200
F. S. Claudet Chief Assayer, Assay Department 500
Charles A. Bacon Chief Melter       |            1 500
F. Brushfield Assistant Assayer "            | 350
W.Hitchcock Assistant Melter  I            | 300
H. P. P. Crease Attorney-General.. .. £500 and practice.
Wymond Hamley Collector of Customs  650
W. H. McCrea Chief Clerk  300
I 168
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Finlaison Clerk.
  250
Charles L. Wylde Revenue Officer  350
W. S. Haynes Revenue Officer at Rock Creek... 250
William A. G. Young.. .Auditor General (Acting')  None.
Robert Ker Chief Clerk >-   300
T. R. Holmes Clerk  200
James Cooper Harbor Master  400
Arthur T. Bushby Registrar General of Deeds  500
W. R. Spalding Postmaster  350
JUDICIAL   AND   POLICE   ESTABLISHMENTS.
Matthew B. Begbie . .. Judge	
Greville C. Mathew.. .. .Registrar of Supreme Court. .. .
Chartres Brew Chief Inspector of Police	
Peter O'Reilly High Sheriff	
J. B. Gaggin Police Magistrate of Douglas .. .
E. H. Sanders ........ .Assistant Gold Corner and Police
Magistrate at Yale	
H. M. Ball. ...
William G. Cox.
A. C. Elliott. . .
P. O'Reilly	
Thomas Elwyn..
1
at Lytton	
at Kamloops	
at Lillooet	
at   William's  Lake
Cariboo (each).
P. H. Nind (Absent on leave),
£800
300
500
Fees.
300
350
400
400
400
500
500
Henry Holbrook, President
E. Brown,
W. Clarkson,
John Cooper,
D. Johnston,
MUNICIPAL   COUNCIL.
W. C. Cormack,
William Ross,
R. Dickerson,
A. H. Manson,
Valentine Hall, Town Clerk.
FIRE   DEPARTMENT.
Robert McLeese Chief Engineer.
R. Ash well Assistant Engineer. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
169
REVENUE   OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
Customs.
Comparative Statement for the years ended December 31st, 1861
and 1862 respectively.
1861. 1862.
£37,468   0   5 £58,584 11 11
37,468   0   5
Increase in 1862 £21,116 11    6
Total receipts in 1861 £60,656
Total expenditure §        67,668
Principal items of expenditure :
Establishments £23,089
Roads and Works     32,371
N. B.—The amount of expenditure for 1861 does not include the Military
Establishment, which, comprising both Colonial and Regimental pay, amounts to
about £20,000.    Half of this sum will have to be borne by the Colony.
Approximate revenue for 1862 ; £85,000
Amount raised by loans     50,000
Total £135,000
The expenditure for 1862 has not yet been made up ... .
Approximate amount spent in Roads and Works £70,000
Customs  Duties.
An ad valorem duty of ten per cent, is levied on all goods entering British Columbia, with the exception of the animals and articles
mentioned in the following tariff:
£  s. d.
Bulls, Cows, Oxen, Horses, Asses, and Mules, per head  0 4 2
Sheep and Goats  0 2 1
Proof Spirits, per the Imperial gallon calculated by Sykes'
Hydrometer, (and so on in proportion according to strength). 0 6 3
Cigars and Cheroots, per 100  0 4 2
Tobacco, Snuff, etc., per lb  0 0 6J
Elour, per barrel  0 3 1£
Bacon, Salt and Dried Pork, per lb  0 0 1
Beans, per 100 lbs  0 1 3
Barley,       "          0 1 3
Butter, per lb  0 0 2£
Candles,   "      0 0 2£
Lard,       "      0 0 1 170 THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
£ s. d.
Rice, per 100 lbs  0 3 l£
Tea, per lb  0 0 2£
Coffee, 1      0 0 4
Sugar  0 0 1
Ale and Porter in bottles, per dozen  0 1 8
Ale and Porter in wood, per gallon  0 0 7
Wine in wood and bottle,       "          0 2 1
Bitters, per gallon  0 2 1
Blankets, per pair  0 2 1
Cheese, per lb  0 0 2£
Opium,    "       0 2 1
Dried Eish, per lb  0 0 1
Salt Eish,        "       0 0 0£
Chinese Medicated Wine, per gallon   0 3 1 J-
Dried Vegetables (Chinese) per lb  0 0 1
Salt I I I       0 0 0£
The following are admitted free:
Coin, fresh meat, fresh fruit, fresh vegetable, poultry (alive or dead), machinery
for agricultural purposes, seeds, bulbs, and roots of plants to be used for agriculture and not for food, salt, printed and manuscript books and papers, and the baggage and apparel, household furniture and professional apparatus of passengers.
And also all goods, animals, and articles whatsoever imported for the public service,
or Tor the use of Her Majesty's forces by sea or land; provided always, that all
articles so exempted from duties are bona fide the property of passengers and not
intended for profit or sale.
Liquor   and  Trade   licenses.
Each person trading in Spirituous or Fermented
Liquors by retail, if in a town £25 per annum.
Retail license for a rural district     10 "
Each person trading in Spirituous or Fermented
Liquors -by wholesale     10 "
Any person carrying on any other trade.     1 every 3 mos.
Any person occupying Crown Lands by making erections thereon
and carrying on trade in the same, to pay ten shillings per month
in addition to the above licenses.
Tonnage and Pilot Dues Collected at the Port of Sew Westminster.
On sailing vessels above thirty tons register, entering or
leaving, per ton £0    0    3
On steam vessels, entering or leaving, per ton     0    0    2
On vessels of and under thirty tons register, entering or
leaving, each     0    7    6
For every passenger on board conveyed to or from parts
beyond the seas     0    4    0 ■ ■   '
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
171
JTiilaiitf  STavlgjation.
Every steamer trading on Fraser River, and not beyond the seas,
two shillings per ton register per annum.
Pilot Dues.
Vessels drawing less than six feet £5    0 0
Vessels drawing six feet and less than seven     5 10 0
For every additional foot up to twelve feet     0 10 0
For every additional foot above twelve feet     0 15 0
Vessels refusing to take a licensed Pilot on board, are compelled
to pay half pilotage, with the exception of those drawing less than
seven feet of water.
Kates of Postage  between the undermentioned Places, In all cases to be
Prepaid.
I
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ROYAL   HOSPITAL.
SUPPORTED BY VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS.
Captain James Cooper President.
McNaughton Jones, M.D Physician.
Robert Holland Secretary.
COLONIAL  BANK   OP  BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Capital $250,000, in 2,500 shares of $100 each.
Directors, (pro tern.)
Henry Holbrook, F. G. Claudet, John Cooper.  ■"""        -   -;—-■— ,1^
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY.
Col. Moody, R.E President.
W. G-. Peacock 1st Vice President.
 McMuephy 2d Vice President.
John Eobson Treasurer.
D. Rahage Secretary.
J. S. Scott Committee.
W. Grieve         I
John Murray         |
Corp. Rogers, R.E         |
THE ALBION  CLUB
[Officers not yet elected.]
DEBATING  SOCIETY.
A. White President.
D. Robson Secretary. 174
V.
■ppwpppi
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
I A W
RELATIVE TO THE SETTLEMENT AND PURCHASE OP LAND.
Proclamation by His Excellency Governor Douglas on the twenty-
seventh August, 1861:
I.  The Proclamation issued by me, under the Public Seal of the
said Colony, dated the fourth day of January, 1860, and the Preemption Amendment Act, 1861, and the Preemption Purchase Act, 1861,_
are hereby repealed.
H. All purchasers of unsurveyed land in British Columbia, who
shall have made their purchases subsequently to the twentieth day of
June, 1861, and previously to the twenty-seventh day of August, 1861,
shall hold the land purchased under precisely the same terms and conditions of occupation and improvement as are mentioned in the said
Proclamation of the fourth of January, 1860, with regard to lands preempted without purchase.
III. That from and after the date hereof, British subjects and aliens
who shall take the oath of allegiance to Her Majesty and Her Successors may acquire the right to hold and purchase in fee simple,
unoccupied and unsurveyed and unreserved Crown Land in British
Columbia, not being the site of an existent or proposed town, or auriferous land available for mining purposes, or an Indian reservation or settlement, under the following conditions:
IV. The person desiring to acquire any particular plot of land, of the
character aforesaid, shall enter into possession thereof, and shall record
his claim to any quantity, not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres
thereof, with the Magistrate residing nearest thereto; paying «fo the
said Magistrate the sum of eight shillings for recording such claim. -SSrWr I —        I
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
175
V. Any person in possession of one hundred and sixty acres of land
as aforesaid may acquire the right to hold and purchase any further
tract of unsurveyed and unoccupied land aforesaid, over and above the
quantity of one hundred and sixty acres aforesaid, and contiguous
thereto, upon payment to the nearest Magistrate of the sum of two
shillings and one penny per acre for the same, as and by way of installment of the purchase money to be ultimately paid to the Government
upon the survey of the same land.
VI. Any person so paying such deposit shall enter into possession,
and record his claim to such last mentioned tract of land in manner
hereinbefore prescribed.
VEI. The claimant shall in all cases give the best possible description
of the land to the Magistrate with whom his claim is recorded, together
with a rough plan thereof; and identify the plot in question by placing
at the corners of the land four posts, and by stating in his description
other landmarks of a noticeable character.
VLH. Every piece of land sought to be acquired under the provisions of this Proclamation shall, save as hereinafter mentioned, be of a
rectangular shape, and the shortest line thereof shall be at least two-
thirds the length of the longest line.
IX. Where the land sought to be acquired is, in whole or in part,
bounded by mountains, rocks, lakes, swamps, or the margin of a river,
or by some other natural boundaries, then such natural boundaries may
be adopted as the boundaries of the land sought to be acquired, and in
such case it shall be sufficient for the claimant to show to the satisfaction of the Magistrate that the said form conforms.as nearly as circumstances permit to the provisions of this Proclamation.
X. If the land sought to be acquired be bounded by a claim, the line
of such claim may be adopted by the person so seeking to acquire, notwithstanding any irregularity in such line which may have been occasioned by the adoption of a natural boundary by the claimant of the
adjacent claim.
XI. Where a piece of land is partially or entirely inclosed between
two or more claims, the claimant may acquire such inclosed piece, notwithstanding any irregularity of form or disproportion in length of any
of the sides.
Xn. The boundaries shall run as nearly as possible by the cardinal
points of the compass.
XIII.   When the Government survey shall extend to the land —^	
r~
176
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
claimed, the claimant who has recorded his claim as aforesaid, or his
heirs or devisees, or in the case of the grant of a certificate of improvement hereinafter mentioned, the assigns of such claimant shall, if he or
they shall have been in continuous occupation of the same land from
the date of the record aforesaid, be entitled to purchase the land so
acquired, or in respect of which such deposit shall have been paid as
aforesaid, at such rate as may for the time being be fixed by the Government of British Columbia, not exceeding the sum of four shillings
and two pence per acre.
XIV. When the claimant, his heirs or devisees shall prove to the
nearest Magistrate, by the evidence of himself and of third parties,
that he or they has or have continued in permanent occupation of the
claim from the date of record, and has or have made permanent
improvements thereon to the value of ten shillings per acre, the said
Magistrate shall grant to the said claimant, his heirs or devisees, a
certificate of improvement in the Form marked "A" in the Schedule
hereto.
XV. Upon the grant of the certificate of improvement aforesaid,
the person to whom the same is issued may, subject to any unpaid
installments, sell, mortgage or lease the land in respect of which such
certificate has been issued; but no interest in any plot of land acquired
in either of the methods aforesaid shall, before payment of the purchase
money, be capable of passing to a purchaserj unless the vendor shall
have obtained such certificate of improvement as aforesaid.
XVI. Upon payment of the purchase money a conveyance of the
land purchased shall be executed in favor of the purchaser, reserving
the precious minerals with a right to enter and work the same in favor
of the Crown, its Assignees and Licensees.
XVn. In the event of the Crown, its Assignees or Licensees availing itself or themselves of the privileges (other than the taking of land
required for roads) mentioned in clauses twenty-five and twenty-six, a
reasonable compensation for the land taken, wasted or damaged shall
be paid to the person whose land shall be taken, wasted or damaged as
aforesaid; and in case of dispute, the same shall be settled by a jury of
six men, to be summoned by the nearest Magistrate.
XVOT. Priority of title shall be obtained by the person who, being
in possession, shall first record his claim in manner aforesaid.
XTX. Whenever any person shall permanently cease to occupy land
acquired in either of the methods aforesaid, the Magistrate resident
nearest to the land in question may, in a summary way, on being satis- ___.—
"' ,"■"-**'
AND VICTORIA DIRECTORY.        177
fied of such permanent cessation, cancel the claim of the person so
permanently ceasing to occupy the same, and record the claim thereto
of any other person satisfying the requisitions aforesaid.
XX. All deposits paid in respect of such forfeited claims, and all
improvements, buildings and erections thereon, shall, (subject to the
appeal hereinafter mentioned) on such cancellation, be absolutely forfeited; and such claims, improvements, building and erections shall
(subject to the appeal hereinafter mentioned) be open to settlement by
any other person.
XXI. The decision of the Magistrate may be appealed by either
party to the decision of the Judge of the Supreme Court of Civil Justice
of British Columbia.
XXII. Any person desirous of appealing in manner aforesaid may be
required, before such appeal be heard, to find such security as may be
hereafter pointed out by the Rules of Orders hereinafter directed to
be published.
XXIII. The procedure before the Magistrate and Judge respectively
shall be according to such Rules and Orders as shall be published by
such Judge with the approbation of the Governor for the time being of
British Columbia.
XXIV. Whenever a person in occupation at the time of record
aforesaid shall have recorded as aforesaid, and he, his heirs, or (in the
case of a certificate of improvement) his assigns, shall have continued
in permanent occupation of the same land since the date of such record,
he or they may, save as hereinbefore mentioned, bring ejectment or
trespass against any intruder upon the same land to the same extent as
if he or they were seized of the legal estate in possession of the same
land.
XXV. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as giving a right
to any claimant to exclude free miners from searching for any of the
precious minerals, or working the same, upon the conditions aforesaid.
XXVI. The Government shall, notwithstanding any claim, record
or conveyance aforesaid, be entitled to enter and take such portion of
the land acquired in either of the methods aforesaid, as may be required
for roads or other public purposes.
XXVII. Water privileges and the right of carrying water for mining purposes may, notwithstanding any claim recorded, be claimed and
taken upon, under or over the land so preempted or purchased as aforesaid by free miners requiring the same, and obtaining a grant or license
from the Gold Commissioner, and paying a compensation for waste or
13
L. -- ;
178
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
damage to the person whose land may be wasted or damaged by such
water privilege or carriage of water, to be ascertained in case of dispute in manner aforesaid.
XXVIII. If any person, being already registered as a claimant,
register a claim to any other land not being contiguous thereto, the land
so previously claimed shall, ipso facto, be forfeited, and shall, with all
improvements made thereon, be open to settlement by any other person.
XXIX. In case any dispute shall arise between persons with regard
to any land so acquired as aforesaid, any one of the parties in difference
may, before ejectment or action of trespass brought, refer the question
in difference to the nearest Magistrate, who is hereby authorized to proceed in a summary way to restore the possession of any land in dispute
to the person whom he shall deem entitled to the same, and to abate all
intrusions, and award and levy such costs and damages as he may think
fit.
XXX. This Proclamation may be cited as the " Preemption Consolidation Act, 1861."
Issued under the Public Seal of the said Colony, at Victoria, Vancouver Island, this twenty-seventh day of August, a. d., one
[l. s.]   thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and in the twenty-fifth
yeau of Her Majesty's reign, by me,
JAMES DOUGLAS.
By His Excellency's command.
William A. G. Young.
God Save the Queen!
SCHEDULE.
I hereby certify that has satisfied me by evidence o
[naming the witnesses and detailing any other evidence upon which the
Magistrate has come to his judgment] that of
has made improvements to the.extent of ten shillings an acre on
acres of land, situated at
[Signed]
this day of --_ „   ..      ■     JiipupiMi*,
'
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
179
V.
A B S T I A C T
OF LAWS  RELATING TO  MINING.
The mining laws at present in force in British Columbia were made
to suit the river diggings on the Fraser, and are not altogether adapted
to those since discovered in the Cariboo country. Great discretionary
powers are, however, left to the resident Gold Commissioners in the
various districts to regulate the size of claims, etc. In the Cariboo
district all claims are one hundred feet square. It is believed that the
Government intend framing a new Act to regulate the Gold Fields,
which will come into operation the ensuing season. The following sections are taken from the " Gold Fields Act, 1859," and subsequent
regulations published in conformity with that Act:
III. It shall be the duty of every Gold Commissioner, upon payment
of one pound sterling, to deliver to any person applying for the same
a Certificate, to be called a Free Miner's Certificate, which may be in
the following form :
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
FREE    MINER'S    CERTIFICATE
{Date)
No.
Not transferable.
VALID   FOR  ONE  TEAR.
This is to certify that of   has paid me this day the
sum of One Pound Sterling, and is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a
Free Miner for one year from the date hereof.
Countersigned)      A. B.
(Signature of Free Miner)
G. B.
(Signed)
(Signature of Chief Gold Commissioner, or Assistant Gold
Commissioner, or Justice of the Peace, as the
case may be.)
IV. The Free Miner's Certificate 'shall continue in force for twelve
calendar months from the date thereof, including the day of issuing the 180
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
same, and no longer, and shall not be transferable or capable of conferring any rights upon any other person than the person therein
named, and only one person shall be named as a Free Miner in each
Certificate.
Such Certificate must be countersigned by the Free Miner therein
named before being produced by him for any purpose. And where
such Certificate shall be issued to the Free Miner therein named in
person, the Gold Commissioner or the person issuing the same shall
cause the same to be countersigned by the applicant before himself
signing or delivering the same.
V. Every Free Miner shall, during the continuance of his Certificate, have the right to enter without let or hindrance upon any of the
waste lands of the Crown, not for the time being lawfully occupied by
any other person, and to mine in the land so entered upon.
VI. All persons who shall at the date of this Proclamation coming
into force, or previous to the 27th of October, 1859, hold any claim,
ditch, or water privilege, must on or before the first of November, now
next, and all persons who shall at any time after the twenty-sixth of
October, now next, hold any claim, lease, ditch, or water privilege,
must within such space of time after first taking possession thereof, as
shall be fixed by the rules, regulations, or by-laws for the time being
in force in the place or district in which such claim, lease, ditch, or
water privilege shall be situated, register the same at the office of the
Gold Commissioner, who shall record in a tabular form in a book or
books to be kept by him, the name of the holder, the dates of his Certificate, of his taking possession, and pf his recording the claim, the
name of the mine, and the distinguishing number of the claim, and all
such further particulars as shall from time to time be required by any
valid by-law for the place or district. And such registration shall be
valid for the space of one year and no longer.
Four shillings shall be taken by the Gold Commi.-sioner for the use
of Her Majesty, her Heirs and Successors, upon every registration or
re-registration of any claim. And no person, not being a Free Miner,
shall be entitled to record a claim or any interest therein.
VII. Every Free Miner shall have, during the continuance of his
Certificate, the exclusive right to the soil and gold in any claim for the
time being duly registered and worked by him according to the regulations and by-laws hereby authorized to be issued, and for the time
being in force, in relation to the locality or district where such claim is
situated.
No person shall be recognized as having any right or interest in, or —
IPWifi
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY
181
to any claim or any of the gold therein, unless he shall be, or in case of
any disputed ownership, unless he shall have been at the time of the
dispute arising, a Free Miner.
VIII. In case of any dispute, the title to claims, leases of auriferous
earth or rock, ditches and water privileges, will be recognized according
to the priority of registration, subject only to any question which may
be raised as to the validity of any particular act of registration.
XI. Leases of any portions of the waste lands of the Crown may
be granted for mining purposes, for such term of years, and upon such
conditions as to rent, and the mode of working, and as to any water
privileges connected therewith, and otherwise in each case, as shall be'
deemed expedient by his Excellency the Governor.
XVL All disputes relating to the title to any mine or claim, or to
any part of the proceeds thereof, or relating to any ditch or water privilege, or to any contract for labor to be done in respect of a ditch or
water privilege, mine, or claim, or relating to the mode of carrying on
the same, or any of them, and all disputes concerning partnerships in
any mine or claim, may be investigated, in the first instance, before the
Gold Commissioner having jurisdiction as aforesaid, without any limit
to the value of the property or subject matter involved in such dispute.
XVII. Provided always, that no Gold Commissioner shall have
jurisdiction in civil disputes between partners, unless it shall, in the
first place be shown to his satisfaction, that the joint stock of the partnership is under the value of two hundred pounds sterling.
XVIIL Any person convicted under this Proclamation of any offense
against the same or any by-law, rule, or regulation hereby authorized,
and sentenced to any term of imprisonment beyond thirty days, or to
pay any fine beyond twenty pounds sterling, over and above the costs
of summary conviction, may appeal to the next assizes to be holden for
the district or place wherein the cause of complaint shall have arisen;
provided, that such person, at the time of such conviction, or within
forty-eight hours thereafter, enter into recognizance with two sufficient
sureties, conditioned personally to appear at the said assizes to try such
appeal, and to abide the further judgment of the Court at such assizes,
and to pay such costs as shall be by such last-mentioned Court awarded.
And the convicting Gold Commissioner may bind over any witnesses
or informant, under sufficient recognizances, to attend and give evidence at the hearing of such appeal, and the costs of such witnesses
shall be allowed and paid by the Colonial Treasurer in the first instance,
and, if such appeal be dismissed, shall be repaid to the Colonial Treasurer by the appellant.
I ffl
182
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
XX. If either party, in any civil cause where the subject matter in
dispute is more than twenty pounds sterling, shall be dissatisfied with
the determination, he may appeal from the same to the Supreme Court
of Civil Justice in British Columbia ; provided, that the appealing party
shall, within four days of the determination appealed from, give notice
of such appeal to the other party, and also give security, to be approved
by the Gold Commissioner, for the costs of the appeal, and also for the
amount payable by the appealing party under the judgment appealed
against. And the said Court of Appeal may either order a new trial
on such terms as it shall think fit, or order judgment to be entered for
either party, or try the cause de novo, and may make such order as to
the costs of the appeal as such Court shall think proper, and such
appeal may be in the form of a case settled and signed by the parties
or their attorneys ; and if they cannot agree, the said Gold Commissioner may settle and sign the same upon being applied to by the parties or their attorneys.
XXI. In any case of any cause relating to a mine, claim, or ditch,
being brought in the first instance before the Supreme Court of Civil
Justice of British Columbia, wherein the sum of damages sought to be
recovered shall be less than fifty pounds sterling, it shall be lawful for
the Court after issue joined, to direct the cause to be tried before any
Gold Commissioner whom the Court shall name, and upon such terms
as the Court shall think fit.
XXII. The Gold Commissioner alone without a jury shall be the
sole judge of law and fact.
XXIII. The Gold Commissioner shall have the power to cause such
parties and witnesses as he shall think proper to attend on any proceedings before him, and to compel the production of documents on any
such proceedings.
XXV. It shall be lawful for a Gold Commissioner, in case of any
dispute between partners in any claim, ditch, mine, or water privilege,
where the joint or partnership stock shall be shown not to exceed the
value of two hundred pounds sterling, but not in other cases, to decree
a dissolution of partnership and a sale, or valuation, or division of the
partnership stock, and to direct the partnership account to be taken
before himself, and declare what amount, if any, is due on the whole
account by one partner to another, and generally to make such order
and give such directions therein as he shall think fit, and to take such
steps (if any) as he may deem expedient in the way of taking security,
or appointing a Receiver, or otherwise for securing the partnership
property in the meantime. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
183
XXVI. It shall be lawful for any Gold Commissioner, upon complaint made of any wrongful encroachment on a claim, mine, ditch, or
water privilege, and deposit made of two pounds sterling in his hands
by the complainant, to proceed forthwith to the place at which such
alleged encroachment has been made, and there and then to demand
the like sum of two pounds sterling from the party complained of, and
thereafter, on view of the premises, and on such evidence as to such
Gold Commissioners shall seem sufficient, to hear and determine the
dispute in a summary way, and whether all parties in difference shall
appeal* or not, and in a summary way to cause such encroachment to
be abated, and to restore to the person who shall appear to be entitled
thereto, full possession of the claim, ditch, or other matter encroached
upon, or alleged so to be, and also all gold or other property (if any)
which may have been unlawfully taken or removed; and also to award
such damages as the nature of the case shall seem to require. And if
each party shall have deposited the said sum of two pounds sterling
he shall restore the said sum of two pounds sterling to the party whom
he shall judge to have been in the right, and retain the other two pounds
sterling as for costs of Court; and if either party make default in appearance the Gold Commissioner may make such order as to costs as
shall seem to him proper.
Provided, always, that it shall be lawful for the Gold Commissioner,
if in his discretion the matter shall not be made clear for a final determination, to take such steps as he shall then think necessary for the
preservation of the matter in dispute, and to adjourn the final decision
of the case until such time as he shall think proper.
XXVII. It shall be lawful for the Gold Commissioner to mark out
for the use of any registered Free Miner in his district a space of land
not exceeding five acres, to be occupied as garden ground or for a residence. The right conferred by such occupation shall only endure so
long as the occupier shall be a registered Free Miner of the district,
and for such further period as shall be requisite for the enjoyment of
any crop standing thereon at the period when he shall cease to be a
registered Free Miner.
And for attending and marking out such land, whatever be the size,
the Gold Commissioner shall be entitled to demand the sum of ten
shillings for the use of her Majesty, her Heirs and Successors.
XXVIII. It shall be lawful for the Gold Commissioner to mark out
for the use of any person intending to carry on temporarily any trade
on or near a mine, a plot or plots of waste Crown land convenient for
that purpose, and also for garden purposes, not being larger than one
acre.    There shall be thereby conferred enjoyment for so long as such
i
i 184
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
trader shall pay all license duties in respect thereof, and also the right
to any crop standing thereon at the last payment of license duties.
Provided always, that the land on or near any mine so marked out
for any of the purposes mentioned in this or the last section, shall
always be resumable by the Crown and applicable to general mining
purposes, on six months' notice thereof given by the Gold Commissioner to any occupier thereof.
XXXIX. Any person who shall willfully and maliciously damage
or destroy any Free Miner's Certificate, or fraudulently fill up, or post,
date, or alter any name, or date, or particular, in a Free Miner's Certificate, or in any document purporting to be a Free Miner's Certificate,
or who shall falsely pretend that he is the person named in any such
Certificate or document, or who shall willfully and maliciously damage,
destroy, or falsify any of the records and registers hereby directed to
be kept, shall be guilty of felony, and being duly convicted thereof shall
be liable, at the discretion of the Court, to penal servitude for not more
than ten years.
Rules and Regulations issued in Conformity with the Gold
Fields Act, 1859.
I. In the construction of the following Rules and Regulations, unless
there be some contrariety, or repugnancy thereto in the context, the
words " Governor," " Gold Commissioner," " Mine," | to mine," shall
have the same meanings as in the Gold Fields Act, 1859. The
expression " bar diggings " shall mean every mine over which a river
extends when in its most flooded state. " Dry diggings" shall mean
any mine over which a river never extends. " Ravines " shall include
water courses, whether usually containing water or usually dry.
I Ditch " shall include a flume or race, or other artificial means for conducting water by its own weight into or upon a mine. " Ditch head "
shall mean the point in a natural water course or lake where water is
first taken into a ditch.
H. All claims are to be, as nearly as may be, in rectangular forms,
and marked by four pegs at the least, each peg to be four inches square
at the least, and one foot above the surface, and firmly fixed in the
ground. No boundary peg shall be concealed or moved, or injured,
without the previous permission of the Gold Commissioner.
in. The size of a claim, when not otherwise established by a By-
Law, shall be, for bar diggings, a strip of land twenty-five feet wide at
the mark to which the river rises when flooded, and thence extending -M'U'll*"-
-
AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
185
down direct into the river indefinitely. For dry dieo-ings, a snace
twenty-five feet wide by thirty feet. For ravine diggings, a space of
twenty-five feet along the bank of the ravine and extending up to the
top of each bank. In quartz claims the size, when not otherwise established by a By-Law, shall be one hundred feet in length, measured
along the vein or seam, with power to the miner to follow the vein or
seam and its spurs, dips, or angles, anywhere on or below tho surface
included between the two extremities of such length of one hundred
feet, but not to advance upon or beneath the surface of the earth more
than one hundred feet in a lateral direction from the main vein or seam
along which the claim is to be measured. All measurements of area
are to be made on the surface of the earth, neglecting inequalities.
Every claim is to have a distinguishing number marked on its boundary pegs.
IV. If any Free Miner, or party of Free Miners, shall discover a
new mine, and such discovery shall be established to the satisfaction of
the Gold Commissioner, the first discoverer, or party of discoverers, if
not more than two in number, shall be entitled to a claim double the
established size of claims in the nearest mines of the same description,
(i. e., dry, bar, or quartz diggings). If such party consist of three
men, they shall collectively be entitled to five claims of the established
size on such nearest mine; and if four or or more men, such party shall
be entitled to a claim and a half per man. A new stratum of auriferous earth or rock, situate in a locality where the claims are abandoned,
shall for this purpose be deemed a new mine, although the same locality shall previously have been worked at a different level. And dry
diggings discovered in the neighborhood of bar diggings shall be
deemed a new mine, and vice versa.
V. The registration of claims shall be in such manner and form as
the Gold Commissioner shall in any locality direct, and shall include,
besides the matters mentioned in the Gold Fields Act of 1859, all such
other matters as the Gold Commissioner shall think fit to include.
VI. No transfer of any claim, or of any interest therein, shall be
enforceable unless the same, or some memorandum thereof, shall be in
writing, signed by the party sought to be charged, or by his lawfully
authorized agent, and registered with the Gold Commissioner.
VII. Any person desiring any exclusive ditch or water privilege,
shall make application to the Gold Commissioner having jurisdiction
for the place where the same shall be situated, stating, for the guidance
of the Commissioner in estimating the character of the application, the
name of every applicant, the proposed ditch head and quantity of
■i 186
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
water, the proposed locality of distribution; and if such water shall be
for sale, the price at which it is proposed to sell the same, the general
nature of the work to be done, and the time within which such work
shall be complete; and the Gold Commissioner shall enter a note of all
such matters as of record.
VIII. Unless otherwise specially arranged, the rent to be paid for
any water privilege shall be in each month one average day's receipts
from the sale thereof, to be estimated by the Gold Commissioner with
the assistance, if he shall so think fit, of a jury.
IX. If any person shall refuse or neglect to take within the time
mentioned in his application, or within such further time (if any) as
the Gold Commissioner may, in his discretion, think fit to grant for the
completion of the ditch the whole of the water applied for, he shall at
the end of the time mentioned in his application be deemed entitled
only to the quantity actually taken by him, and the Gold Commissioner
shall make such entry in the register as shall be proper to mark such
alteration in the quantity, and may grant the surplus to any other person according to the rules herein laid down for the granting of water
privileges.
X. Every owner of a ditch or water privilege, shall be bound to take
all reasonable means for utilizing the water granted to and taken by
him; and if any such owner shall willfully take and waste any unreas--
onable quantity of water, he shall be charged with the full rent as if
he had sold the same at a full price. And it shall be lawful for the
Gold Commissioner, if such offense be persisted in, to declare all rights
to the water forfeited.
XI. It shall be lawful for the owner of any ditch or water privilege
to sell and distribute the water conveyed by him to such persons, and
on such terms as they may deem advisable, within the limits mentioned
in their application. Provided always, that the owner of any ditch or
water privilege shall be bound to supply water to all applicants, being
Free Miners, in a fair proportion, and shall not demand more from one
person than from another, except when the difficulty of supply is
enhanced. Provided further, that no person, not being a Free Miner,
shall be entitled to demand to be supplied with water at all.
XII. A claim on any mine shall, until otherwise ordered by some
valid By-Law, be deemed to be abandoned and open to the occupation
of any Free Miner, when the same shall have remained unworked by
some registered holder thereof for the space of seventy-two hours,
unless in case of sickness, or unless before the expiry of such seventy-
two hours a further extension of time be granted by the Gold Commis- AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
187
sioner, who may grant further time for enabling parties to go prospecting,
or for such other reasonable cause as he may think proper. Sundays,
and such holidays as the Gold Commissioner may think fit to proclaim,
are to be omitted in reckoning the time of non-working.
XIII. Whenever it shall be intended, in forming or upholding any
ditch, to enter upon and occupy any part of a registered claim, or to
dig or loosen any earth or rock within [4] feet of any ditch not belonging solely to the registered owner of such claim, three days' notice, in
writing, of such intention shall be given before entering or approaching
within four feet of such other property.
XIV. If the owner of the property about to be so entered upon or
approached, shall consider three days' notice insufficient for taking
proper measures of precaution, or if any dispute shall arise between
the parties as to the proper precautionary measures to be taken, or in
any other respect, the whole matter shall be immediately referred to
the Gold Commissioner acting in the district, who shall order such
interval of time to be observed before entry, or make such other order
as he may deem proper.
XV. In quartz claims and reefs, each successive claimant shall leave
three feet unworked to form a boundary wall between his claim and
that of the last previqus claimant, and shall stake off his claim accordingly, not commencing at the boundary peg of the last previous claim,
but three feet further on; and if any person shall stake out his claim
disregarding this rule, the Gold Commissioner shall have power to
come and remove the first boundary peg of such wrong-doer three feet
further on, notwithstanding that other claims may then be properly
staked out beyond him, so that such wrong-doer shall then have but
ninety-seven feet. And if such wrong-doer shall have commenced
work immediately at the boundary peg of the last previous claim, the
Gold Commissioner may remove his boundary six feet further on than
the open work of such wrong-doer; and all such open work, and also
the next three feet of such space of six feet, shall belong to and form
part of the last previous claim, and the residue of such space of six feet
shall be left as a boundary wall.
XVI. Every such boundary wall shall be deemed the joint property
of the owners of the two claims between which it stands, and may not
be worked or injured, save by the consent of both such owners.
XVII. In staking out plots of land for Free Miners and traders for
gardening and residential purposes, under the powers in the said Gold
Fields Act, 1859, contained, the Gold Commissioner is to keep in view
the general interests of all the miners in that locality, the general prin- n^!»r" "
188
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
ciple being that every garden benefits indirectly the whole locality, and
also that the earlier application is to be preferred; but where the eligible spots of land are few, or of scanty dimensions, and especially where
they are themselves auriferous, it may be injudicious that the whole or
the greater part should fall into the hands of one or two persons; and
therefore, in such cases, the Gold Commissioner may, in the exercise
of his discretion, allot small plots only to each applicant.
XVIII. Any person desiring to acquire any water privilege shall be
bound to respect the rights of parties using the same water, at a point
below the place where the person desiring such new privilege intends
to use it.
XIX. Any person desiring to bridge across any stream. Or claim, or
other place for any purpose, or to mine under or through any ditch or
flume, or to carry water through or over any land already occupied by
any other person, may be enabled to do so in proper cases, with the
sanction of the Gold Commissioner. In all such cases the right of the
party first in possession whether of the mine or of the water privilege
is to prevail, so as to entitle him to full compensation and indemnity.
But wherever due compensation by indemnity can be given, and is
required, the Gold Commissioner may sanction the execution of such
new work on such terms as he shall think reasonable.
AS   TO   LEASES   IN  LARGER  PROPORTIONS   THAN   CLAIMS.
XX. Applications for leases are to be sent in triplicate to the Gold
Commissioner having jurisdiction for the locality where the land desired
to be taken is situated. Every such application shall contain the name
and additions of the applicant at. full length, and the names and addresses of two persons residing in the Colony of British Columbia or
Vancouver Island, to whom the applicant is personally known. Also
a description accompanied by a map of the land proposed to be taken.
XXI. Leases will not be granted in general for a longer term than
ten years, or for a larger space than ten acres of alluvial soil, (dry diggings) or half a mile in length of unworked quartz reef, or a mile and
a half in length of quartz, that shall have been attempted and abandoned by individual claim workers, with liberty to follow the spurs,
dips, and angles, on and within the surface, for two hundred feet on
each side of the main lead or seam, or in bar diggings, half a mile in
length (if unworked) along the high water mark, where the same shall
have been attempted and abandoned by individual claim workers.
XXn. Leases as above will not in general be granted of any land,
alluvium or quartz, which shall be considered to be immediately avail- AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
189
able for being worked by Free Miners, as holders of individual claims.
Nor will such a lease in any case be granted where individual Free
Miners are in previous actual occupation of any part of the premises,
unless by their consent.
XXIII. Every such lease shall contain all reasonable provisions
for secui-ing to the public rights of way and water, save in so far as
shall be necessary for the miner-like working of the premises thereby
demised, and also for preventing damage to the persons or property of
other parties than the lessee. And the premises thereby demised shall
be granted for mining purposes only; and it shall not be competent for
the lessee to assign or sub-let the same, or any part or parts thereof
without the previous license in writing of the Gold Commissioner. And
every such lease shall contain a covenant by the lessee to mine the said
premises in a miner-like way, and also, if it shall be thought fit, to perform the works therein defined within a time therein limited. And also
a clause by virtue whereof the said lease and the demise therein contained may be avoided in case the lessee shall refuse or neglect to observe and perform all or any of the covenants therein contained.
XXIV. Every applicant for a lease, shall at the time of sending in
his application, mark out the ground comprised in the application by
square posts firmly fixed in the boundaries of the land, and four feet
above the surface, with a notice thereon that such land has been applied
for, stating when and by whom, and shall also fix upon a similar post
at each of the nearest places on which miners are at work, a copy of
such notice.
XXV. Objections to the granting of any such lease shall be made in
writing, addressed to His Excellency the Governor, under cover to the
Gold Commissioner, who shall forward all such objections, together
with his Report thereon.
XXVI. Every application for a lease shall be accompanied by a
deposit, of twenty-five pounds sterling, which shall be refunded in case
the application shall be refused by the Government; and if the application shall be entertained, then such sum of twenty-five pounds shall
be retained for the use of Her Majesty, her heirs and successors,
whether the application be afterwards abandoned or not. 190
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE  NATURALIZATION OF ALIENS.
Law enabling Foreigners or Aliens to acquire the Rights and Privileges
of British Subjects whilst residing within the Colony of British
Columbia.—From the "Aliens Act, 1859."
1. Every alien now residing or who may hereafter come to reside in
the said Colony with intent to settle therein, and who shall have actually resided therein, or in the adjacent Colony of Vancouver Island, or
partly in the one Colony and partly in the other, for a continuous period
of three years, without having been, during any portion of that time,
a stated resident in any foreign country out of Her Majesty's dominions,
shall be entitled to procure himself to be naturalized in manner hereinafter described.
2. Every alien desirous of becoming so naturalized shall procure a
.declaration of residence and character, to be made and subscribed by
some British subject. Such alien shall, in the next place, make and
subscribe a declaration of residence, and shall also take the oath of
allegiance to Her Majesty and Her Successors.
3. Every such declaration and oath may be taken, made and subscribed before any Justice of the Peace, acting in any part of the Colony
of British Columbia, or before any person appointed by Her Majesty
to be a Judge in British Columbia. Every such declaration and oath
shall be forthwith delivered to such alien, with the certificate at the
foot thereof, signed by such Justice of the Peace, or by the Registrar
of the said Judge, stating the compliance on the part of the said alien
with the regulations hereinbefore contained.
4. It shall be lawful for the said alien to present all the said documents, properly subscribed and filled up as aforesaid, in open Court, on
the first day of any Assizes or general sittings of the Court of British
Columbia, in any place in the said Colony. And all such documents
shall be then read aloud in open Court; and it shall be lawful for the
said Court, on the last day of the said Assizes or general sittings, to
order all the said documents and proceedings to be entered as of record
in the said Court. And thereupon, such alien shall be admitted and
deemed, while within the said Colony of British Columbia, to be thenceforth a British subject, to all intents and purposes whatever, and to hold,
enjoy and transmit all property, rights and capacities, in the same manner as if born within Her Majesty's dominions.
8. Every alien shall have the same capacity to take, hold, enjoy,
recover, convey and transmit title to lands and real estate of every
description, in this Colony, as if he were, at the time of the passing of AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
191
this Act, a natural born British subject; and no person shall be disturbed in the possession or precluded from the recovery of any lands or
real estate in this Colony by reason only that some person from or
through whom he may derive title was an alien.
BUTE INLET WAGON ROAD COMPANY, LIMITED.
REGISTERED JANUARY 2d, 1863.
DIRECTORS.
Alfred Waddington, Esq Chairman.
Alexander D. Macdonald, Esq Banker.
Dr. Tolmie Hudson Bay Company.
R. Burnaby, Esq Merchant.
D. Leneveu, Esq   Merchant.
H. Nelson, Esq Lillooet, B. C.
A. R. Green, Esq Secretary.
Bank of British Columbia Bankers.
Capital, $60,000, with power to increase the same to $220,000.
This Company is established under a promise of charter granted
March 28th, 1862, to Alfred Waddington, Esq., of Victoria, in consideration of the discovery of the above route and of its practicability,
and conveying the right of levying a toll, not exceeding five cents per
pound, on all goods and merchandise, and a duty on all animals or cattle for a period of five years from the completion of the first fifty miles
of wagon road, together with the right of preempting ten lots of ground
of ten acres each at ten different stations on the road, which is to be
finallv,completed before the first of July, 1864.
. The Bute Inlet Route is thought by its projectors to be by far the
shortest and easiest road to the mines. It passes for forty miles through
the mountains of the Cascade range, at an apparently dead level, and
thence through a fertile plain to the Fraser above the junction of either
the Quesnelle or Swift Rivers. The lower part of the river, which is
called the Homathco, is at present obstructed by drift wood, but which
when removed will render it navigable for about twenty-five miles, and
on reaching the plain above the mountains forty miles from the head
of the inlet the river becomes again navigable together with the lake
from which it flows (and which is thirty miles long) for ninety miles
more. The proposed town at the head of the inlet is situated on a dry
flat of 1,200 acres or more, about a mile from the mouth of the river,
with a water frontage from twenty to twenty-two feet deep and accessible for vessels drawing less than twelve feet; besides which, a road of 192
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
about a mile in length connects with the head of the inlet, where ships
of any burden can unload in safety. The town site is to be laid out
by the Government and sold in the Spring. The valley itself is in
general heavily timbered, but presents several square miles of prairie
ground and patches of good cultivable soil.
The main features in favor of the road by Bute Inlet are: its shortness (one hundred and eighteen miles of land travel against two hundred
and thirty-five miles by the Fraser route) ; the absence of all mountains
or even eminences worth mentioning; the comparative small number
of loadings and unloading* (five against fourteen) ; its dry soil and the
absence of swamps; the comparative mildness of the climate; and the
facility of approach (one hundred and eighty-five nautical miles) and
safety of navigation from Victoria. Twenty-three miles of the road
from tbe head of the inlet were opened last autumn, and the remainder
of the route through the Cascade mountains surveyed and partially
cleared. The Company will be able to open a trail for pack mules
before the month of June.
METEOROLOGICAL   OBSERVATIONS.
The following interesting Meteorological Observations were taken
at the Royal Engineers Camp, New Westminster, during the year
1862, by order of Col. E.. C. Moody, R.E., commanding the troops.
Latitude 49° 12' 47" 5 N.     Longitude 122° 53' 19" W.
Inches.
February 9.. The highest reading of the Barometer, corrected for temperature, was  30 * 517
1          ..Mean hight at 9 30, a. m  29*983
..     "        "          3 30, P. M  29*963
January 22.. The lowest  29 *071
August 29.. .Maximum temperature in Sun's rays (black bulb)	
"        ...        " " of air in shade	
July 23         " | 9 30, A. M	
August 28...        " " 3 30, p. m	
Mean temperature of air in shade at 9 30, a. m	
" " I 3 30, p. i 	
Jan. 15, b. z. Minimum temperature of air in shade at 9 30, a. m	
I        " •' " 3 30, p. m	
Jan. 16, b. z. " " on the grass	
Greatest amount of humidity	
Mean " " at 9 30, a. m.
" " " 3 30, p. m.
January 3.. .Least " " "
Degrees.
104
O
88
5
73
■9
86
0
46
8
51
5
2
0
6
0
15
0
1*000
•84
■2
'7'
2
■320 	
-  • -    —
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
The cistern of the Barometer is about fifty-four feet above the level
of the sea. All the observations were made at 9 30, a. m., and 3 30,
p. m., daily, throughout the year.
There were slight frosts nearly every night in the month of April,
and once in May, (16th) ; they did not recommence until the ninth of
October. The severe frosts of January and February have been unknown for many years.
Thunder and lightning occurred on the twenty-fourth of May, twenty-
fourth of July, and twenty-second, twenty-ninth, and thirtieth of August.
TABLE
Showing the depth of Rain, the Number of Days on which it fell, the Mean Humidity,
Mean Temperature of the Air in shade, and the Lowest Temperature on the Grass
in each Month.
MONTHS.
Inches.
Days.
Humidity.
Thermometer
9 30, a. M.la 30, p. M.lMin. grass
1
February	
3*480
5'727
5*830
2*345
3*415
2*760
2*709
2*930
1*625
4*605
4*050
7*990
9
8
17
14
13
10
12
8
9
10
8
17
•855
•815
•862
•767
•718
•712
•713
•787
•451
•869
•938
•948
19-0
30-3
38-0
45-5
57-1
23-0
34-2
41-7
51-3
62-1
15-0
2-0
March	
23-0
April	
26-0
May	
31-5
Jane	
62-7         67-1
40-0
July	
63*2
67-7
44-0
August         ,,
63*5
58-4
49-3
37-9
36*7
69-8
62-7
52*9
41*7
43-0
September	
33-5
November	
23-0
22-0
December	
39-7         18-5
Total amount of rain, 47 -466 inches ; number days of rain, 135.
Rain fell on eight days when the wind was south • eight when southwest ; three when west; five when north-west; eight when north-east;
forty-three when east; twenty-six when south-east, and thirty-eight
when calm. The greatest fall of rain in twenty four hours measured
2 • 260 inches, and was on the twentieth of March. The average fall
for every day of the year was 0 • 130 inches, and for each wet day was
0 • 352.
Rain was more equally distributed throughout all the months this
year than in 1860 or 1861.
In the winter months, January to March, and October to December,
31-682 inches of rain fell in 1862; in 1861, 41-230, and in 1860,
40-586 inches. In the remaining months in 1862, 15-785 ; in 1861,
19-255, and in 1860, 13-834 inches.
The prevailing direction of the wind during rain in each year was
east and south-east. The absolute limiting nights of frost in the three
years were nearly the same.
14 194
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE FRASER RIVER AT NEW WESTMINSTER.
Tear.
Highest Level.
Lowest Level.
Difference of Level.
1860
1861
1862
12th of June
8th of June
14th of June
4th of March
17th of March
19th of April
10-5 feet
9-5 feet
10-5 feet
DOUGLAS.
The Town of Douglas is beautifully situated at the head of Harrison Lake, and does a large business in forwarding goods to the interior
via Lillooet. Several firms doing an extensive forwarding business
have establishments there. Steam communication is carried on with
the Fraser and New Westminster via Harrison River. Stages run on
the wagon road between Douglas and Lillooet, and steamers ply daily
on the lakes, thus enabling an easy and expeditious route for travelers.
The distance between Douglas and New Westminster is about ninety
miles.    The following are some of the principal residents:
Baar & Tesch, packers and merchants.
Baccagillupi & Co., packers and merchants.
Coxon & Co., packers and merchants.
Dodge, E. T., & Co., packers and merchants.
Farrell & Co., packers and merchants.
Florence, Charles, Hotel de France.
Franklin, J., trader.
GAGGIN, J. BOLES, Magistrate.
Lamberton & McKinnon, blacksmiths.
McDonald, Wm., hotel and saloon.
Miller, James, Constable.
Nelson, Uriah, & Co., packers and merchants.
NUNN, Capt., Postmaster.
Prager & Davis, packers and merchants.
Pumphrey & Beid, restaurant and saloon.
Smith Bros., Douglas Hotel.
SMITH, P., & CO., packers and merchants.
Stott Brothers, wheelwright and wagon makers.
White, K., Boad ToU Collector.
Wilson, B., general store.
WBIGHT, G. B., & CO., packers and merchants. ir   -^msm
 ■ iU!l!lil)HBlJ,l»l - —
AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
19£
LILLOOET.
Lillooet is a place of some importance on the Fraser, about two
hundred and twenty miles from its mouth. A wagon road has been lately
made by G-. B. Wright & Co., under a charter from the Government,
from Lillooet to William's Lake, a distance of one hundred and sixty-
five miles. Lillooet is connected with Douglas by a chain of lakes on
which steamers are plying, and by wagon roads on the portages. The
town has, during the last twelve months, rapidly increased in population
and importance. A bridge will shortly be constructed across the river
to Parsonville, where the wagon read commences. There is good
grazing and a small quantity of farming land in the vicinity of the
town.    The following are among the inhabitants:
Coney, V.,   Superintendent of l Kennedy, Alex., M.D.
Government Tolls. _
Connor, ., packer. Lossack, G., Constable.
Coxon & Elmore, merchants.        Matthibson & Crawford, Parsonville House.
Dodge, E. S., merchant. Maxfield. , packer.
Mesereux & Miltz, L.Beer Sal'on.
Edmondson & Co., butchers.
Edwards. ., merchant. Nelson & Parsons, merchants.
ELLIOT, A. C, J.P.,postmaster I Nelson, Chas., restaurant.
Newfelder, , merchant. •
Farrill, J., merchant.
Featherstone, H„ drug-store.        Parker, J., saloon.
FOSTER, F. W., apothecary and Praeger & ]
)avis, merchants
—, merchant.
commission merchant.
Fellowes, Frank, packer.
Flynn, , ferry.
Fritz, Mr., tailor.
GlLLINGHAM, C. F., M.D.
Hank, , packer.
Haskell, , packer.
HERKIMER, J.,B.C.Stagel
Hickson, W., merchant.
Hutchinson,(Sr.and Jr.)packers. | WRIGHT, G. B. & CO., mchts
Praeger,
Reed, R. & Brown, B. A., mchts.
Reed, J. B., Deputy Sheriff.
Salise, , merchant.
Towers & Thompson, packers.
Wallace, , blacksmith.
I Warden, C, merch'tand packer.
White, Fred., packer 196
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
IALE.*
This place is the head of steamboat navigation on the Fraser, and
is situated at the mouth of what is known as the Little Canon, 105
miles from the entrance of the river. Since the Frazer River excitement of 1858, Yale has always been a bustling, busy little town, and
notwithstanding the competition of the Douglas route, that via Yale
has always retained its popularity. The great Government Works,
which have been carried on in the valley of the Fraser above Yale,
during the past summer, have had a very beneficial effect on the prosperity of the place, and caused a considerable rise in the value of lots
in the town. By the middle of next May a road, passable for wagons,
will have been completed from Yale to William's Creek, a distance of
at least two hundred and sixty miles. The road from Yale to Lytton,
(sixty-three miles) which goes through the precipitous channel of the
Fraser known as the Big Canon, has been constructed at a great cost
to the Colony. From Yale to Pike's Riffle, a distance of six miles and
six chains, the road was built by the Royal Engineers; from Pike's
Riffle to Chapman's Bar, a distance of eight miles, by Mr. Trutch for
$47,000 ; from Chapman's Bar to Boston Bar, eleven to twelve miles,
by Messrs. Spence and Trutch for $75,000; from Boston Bar to Lytton, thirty-two and a half miles, by Mr. Spence for $88,000. The
engineering difficulties encountered in carrying out the above work
have been considerable, and a bridge has yet to be thrown across the
river before the chain of communication is completed. There is no
doubt that this will always be one of the main roads into the interior
of the country.
* Owing to the list of inhabitants of Yale not having come to hand in time, we are
unable to give their names to the public. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
FORKS OF QUESNELLE.
197
Abbott & Co., restaurant.
ADLER   &  BARRY,  Bridge
House.
Beedy & Co., merchants.
Boas & Levi, merchants.
Davis, , merchant.
Edney, J.
Gbiffin, E., tinsmith.
Hamburger,
Levi.
with Boas &
Harris Bros., merchants.
Houch, G., saloon.
Lang, , blacksmith.
Lawlees, Mrs., restaurant.
McLaughlin & Co., merchants.
POINEER, W. H., butcher.
Schultz & Trickey, merchants.
Spinks, John, restaurant.
Ulman, Chas., bakery.
AN T L ER.
Beedy & Co., merchants.
Kelly, D. & Co., merchants.
Kimball & Co., merchants.
Lyons, J. H. & Co., merchants.
Loskey, David, merchant.
Morrissey & Copeland, billiard
saloon.
Winkler & Marks, merchants. ■"■"  '"«wp	
198
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
RICHFIELD.
(LATE   WILLIAM'S    CREEK.)
Beatty, H, tinsmith.
Beedy & Co., merchants.
Black, Fred. & Co., merchants.
Boas & Levi, merchants.
Cameron, J., restaurant.
Cameron, , saloon.
Cameron & Co., blacksmith.
Cunningham, W., saloon.
Cusheon, J. D., saloon.
Davis,
merchant.
Fenton, Chas. & Bro., Fenton
House.
GRIFFIN, E., tinsmith.
Houser, John, butcher.
Maloney, Thomas, saloon.
Rumsey, R., M.D.
Smith & Co., merchants.
Straus & Co., merchants.
Toomey,
butcher.
Wilkinson, J. B., M.D.
Wilkinson, Dad, commission merchant.
WOODARD, JAMES, Wood-
ard's Saloon. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
199
CARIBOO.
The district known as Cariboo was first discovered to be auriferous
in the latter part of the year 1860.
To some miners, who were amongst those who arrived in 1858 at
the earlier diggings on the Fraser River, the discovery of gold in large
quantities is to be attributed. These men, undeterred by unusual difficulties and hardships consequent on the extremely rugged and mountainous character of the country through which they had to pass,
succeeded in following the course of the Fraser a distance of three
hundred miles, there arriving at the mouth of the Quesnelle River,
which flows into the Fraser thirty miles above Fort Alexandria, a trading post of the Hudson Bay Company. Having ascended that river
and finding gold on the bars and flats they reached the forks of Quesnelle ninety miles above its mouth. Both the north and south forks
take their rise in extensive lakes, which are themselves the reservoirs
of numerous streams draining an immense extent of country. Gold
has been found on the south fork of Quesnelle and also on Horsefly
Creek, which runs into the South Fork Lake.
The latter creek was deserted last season, owing to the miners being
unable to get down through the blue clay, but it is the intention of several companies to return with larger-resources and better mining appliances during the ensuing season, as they entertain great anticipations
of success. The gold-bearing formation has not been traced in the
section of country immediately to the southward of Horsefly Creek
and the south fork of Quesnelle River ; it appears, however, that the
ran^e of gold-bearing hills crosses the north fork of the Columbia
River near to its head; and from the quantity of float gold found in
the tributaries of that river, which comes in from an easterly direction,
it is probable the gold-bearing range.continues its course south parallel
with the main chain of the Rocky Mountains into a district similar in
its geological features to the Cariboo country south of the Thompson
River; it is very evident that the Columbia must be crossed, and the
country to the eastward of it explored, the ground between the Fraser
and Columbia Rivers having been already prospected.
Some rich specimens of gold-bearing quartz were brought to Victoria
from the head waters of the Kootanie River near the foot of the Rocky 200
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
Mountains by some members of the British Boundary Commission,
and all the parties who have traversed these districts agree that the
indications of a rich gold-bearing formation are very palpable.
Gold has been taken out of the north fork of Quesnelle River in
large quantities, and during the Spring of 1862 preparations on a large
scale were made by wing-damming the stream in many places to
abstract the auriferous deposits from its very center; owing, however,
to an unprecedentedly early rise of its waters from the thawing of the
snow on Keithley's Creek and the numerous streams which discharge
their waters into Cariboo Lake (the source of the north fork of Quesnelle River) the wing-dams and waterwheels of the miners were all
swept away and with them the results of several months' arduous labor
during the most severe portion of the winter. Three miles from the
head of the north fork of Quesnelle River across Cariboo Lake is the
mouth of Keithley's Creek, and here commences the district which is
now known all the world over as the Cariboo country ; this creek, with
Harvey and Goose Creeks also running into Cariboo Lake, were partially worked during the Fall of 1860. The striking of these creeks
was the consummation of the hopes and labors of the hardy men who
since 1858 had with never failing energy followed the golden course of
the Fraser in search of the rich primitive deposits which a ripened
mining experience had assured them existed in some part of the country through which that river pursues its course.
During the month of January, 1861, rich prospects were discovered
on Antler Creek, twenty miles from the mouth of Keithley's Creek,
across a portion of the range of Bald Mountains which are situated in
a large bight or bend of the Fraser River, which rising in the Rocky
Mountains runs in a north-west direction until a point above Fort
George when its course is to the southward and westward. The main
features of this country consist of a large range of mountains, generally
heavily timbered, but some of them are remarkable from being only
partially covered with timber and form the highest points in the range.
The highest point yet explored was found to be 8,400 feet above the
level of the sea, the general altitude being about 5,000 feet. This
range forms the watershed of Bear, Swift, Quesnelle and other of the
largest tributaries of the Fraser. Antler Creek, a tributary of Bear
River, formed the main point of attraction during the Summer of 1861;
but in the fall of that year the heavy deposits found on Williams,
Louhie and other creeks, and the promising prospects obtained on
Lightning Creek, one of the largest tributaries of Swift River, gave an
immense impetus to the naturally energetic efforts of the miners, and
the country was traveled over, if not thoroughly prospected, for a distance of fifty miles round* Antler Creek. AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
201
About 1,500 miners were in the Cariboo country during the.season
of 1861j and the yield of gold has been estimated at $2,000,000.
During the early part of this season provisions were packed in from the
forks of Quesnelle to Antler Creek by Indians, and the price ranged
from eighty-five cents to one dollar per pound; but by the month of
July trails were constructed and pack trains brought in, and during the
latter part of the season the provisions were sold at from fifty-five cents
to sixty-five cents per pound. Beef, which in the early part of the
season was fifty cents, was reduced to twenty cents in the latter part of
the season. In the early part of the year 1862, a large emigration
from California, Canada and Europe, attracted by the results of the
mining season of 1861, flocked to the mines; and it is estimated that
10,000 persons started for Victoria, one-half, however, of whom,
deterred by the difficulties of the way, did not succeed in reaching the
mining country. This immense crowd coming after an unusually hard
winter, during which the transportation was much impeded, almost
caused a famine at the mines, and a large quantity of provisions, which
in an ordinary year would have reached their destination, was consumed
on the road by these unfortunate adventurers. This was a great drawback on the labors of the experienced miners, many of whom lost
much valuable time during the already too limited season in traveling
after provisions, which ranged in price, up to the beginning of August,
from one dollar to one dollar fifty cents per pound, and were often
almost unobtainable. Many hundreds of claims were thus prevented
from being worked during the season, but general confidence in the
resources of the country remained unimpaired. Notwithstanding all
these drawbacks, the country was still further prospected, and many
more new creeks struck. It has been estimated that 5,000 persons
were in the mining section of the country; many of whom, however,
owing to inexperience and other causes, did not contribute any quota
towards the yield of gold, which, at a moderate computation, amounted
to upwards of $3,000,000. The yield of gold on Antler Creek last
season was not so great as was anticipated; and Keithley's Creek, with
the exception of the tunnel and hydraulic claims at the mouth of the
creek was worked with indifferent success.
On William's Creek the rich deposits found in 1861 in the bed of the
creek were found to hold out, and many new claims, both in the creek
and banks adjoining, were opened and yielded rich returns. All
previous discoveries were eclipsed by the finding, towards the close of
the season, of very rich diggings in a large flat below the canon at a
depth of from fifty to sixty feet from the surface. Old channels were
struck, and the lead has been traced a quarter of a mile along the flat;
from two hundred to three hundred ounces per day have been taken ^
202
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
out of some of the rich claims above the canon during the last two
years, but it is anticipated that even this yield will be exceeded during
the coming season, and that these diggings will vie in richness with any
yet discovered in California or Australia. The late discoveries in William's Creek resemble in character the Ballarat diggings to a greate
extent than any yet discovered on this coast; and it is expected that
this creek will give employment to 4,000 or 5,000 miners during the
coming season. Hill diggings were struck in the early part of the
season on Last Chance, a tributary of Lightning Creek; and Van
Winkle, Davis, Anderson and other gulches on the same creek paid
well during the season.
Lightning Creek, during the greater portion of its course, runs
through wide and deep flats, and from its size and sudden freshets to
which it is liable, presents many obstacles to speedy and successful
working; in those parts of its course, however, where it runs through
canons, and owing to its comparative shallowness from the surface to
the bed-rock, it presents fewer obstacles, and the result has been highly
successful and many rich claims have been opened. Besides these,
many other creeks were worked, and with great success, amongst whieh
may be mentioned Burns, Lowhie, Nelson, Sugar, and Willow Creeks.
Most of these creeks head in the range of Bald Mountains, and these
are remarkable for the vast number of quartz veins which they contain,
which will undoubtedly be found to contain auriferous deposits when
the country is sufficiently developed to allow the mining capitalists to
undertake enterprises having other results than the exigencies of the
moment in view.
The greatest drawback to the general progress of the country and
the individual success of the miner hitherto, has been owing to the
want of cheap and unfailing communication between the sources of
supply and the mines, but during the last season energetic measures
have been taken by Government to inaugurate a different state of
affairs. Upwards of $350,000 have been expended in the construction
of wagon roads, which, on their completion during the ensuing season,
will reflect credit both on the Government and the hardy pioneers whose
early hardships and struggles have rendered such magnificent undertakings a'possibility. These roads start from two points, viz: Yale
and Lillooet, on the upper Fraser. . The road from Yale to its junction
with the main trunk road from Lillooet, has been constructed under the
immediate supervision of Capt. Grant, of the Corps of Royal Engineers, and is probably the finest public work on the Pacific Coast.
Vast sections of the road have been blasted along the face of precipitous rocks, where five years ago the construction of even a mule trail
was a matter of speculation.    Thirteen miles above Yale the road will AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY.
203
cross the river, and a contract for the construction of a bridge at that
point has been taken and will be completed early this season; from
thence it runs to Lytton at the confluence of the Thompson and Fraser
rivers (passing along the face of the canon so famous in the early days
of Fraser river adventure), and after passing up the Thompson and
Buonaparte rivers, forms a junction with the main road about fifty miles
from Lillooet.
The road from Lillooet (which is the terminus of what is called the
Harrison Lake or Douglas route) will be connected with Parsonville,
on the east side of the Fraser, by a bridge, and runs along the Fraser
about twenty miles to Pavilion Creek; thence over the Pavilion
Mountain, and after its junction with the road from Lytton, proceeds
through Cut-off-Valley and a generally level country to William's Lake.
At this point the old and most generally used trails pass via Beaver
Lake to the Forks of Quesnelle ■ from thence up the north fork via
the mouth of Keithley's Creek into the Cariboo country. It is considered, however, that the best route is by Fort Alexandria, and the wagon
road will probably be constructed to that point during the coming
season. A steamer was constructed last year at Fort Alexander to ply
between that point and the mouth of Quesnelle River • and trails run
from thence to the mouth of Lightning Creek, and up that creek to the
head of the Cariboo country. The construction of these works will,
without doubt, so reduce the cost at tbe mines of all kinds of supplies
as to enable the country to be thoroughly explored and prospected, the
results of which will probably surpass tbe most sanguine expectations. 204
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE PEACE RIVER MINES.
At the present moment, when these new gold fields are attracting so
much attention among the mining population of the Pacific Coast, a
short statement of what has been discovered there, and of what is
known respecting that portion of the country, will doubtless prove
interesting to the public.
The Finlay Branch of Peace River forms the northern boundary of
British Columbia, and is situated in about latitude fifty-six degrees
north. It flows east through the Rocky Mountains, and empties its
waters into the Mackenzie River via the Great Slave Lake^ The
route which has hitherto been traveled by the few miners who have
penetrated there from Cariboo, is from the mouth of Quesnelle River
up the Fraser to Fort George, a distance of one hundred miles; thence
up Stuart's River by water to Fort St. James, one hundred and fifty
miles; from Fort St. James a portage of eighty miles over a good
Hudson Bay Company's pack trail, brings the traveler to Fort McLeod,
on McLeod's Lake; on descending McLeod's River for twenty-five
miles, the Peace River is reached, one hundred miles above its junction
with the Finlay branch, which comes in from the north-west in the
immediate vicinity of the pass in the Rocky Mountains through which
the river flows in a due east course. This would give a distance of
three hundred and fifty-five miles from Quesnelle to Peace River, and
four hundred and fifty-five miles to the Finlay branch, on which the
best diggings have been struck. With the exception of the eighty
miles portage, the entire route.is by water; it is, however, asserted on
good authority that a much nearer road can be taken, and McLeod's
Lake reached from the Fraser without going round by Fort Stuart.
In the year 1861, Edward Carey and W. Cust, two miners from the
Quesnelle River, descended Peace River for two hundred miles. The
descent was made in a canoe during high water, which is in the month
of June. They returned as soon as the water fell low enough to enable them to prospect the bars, and prospected the entire journey back.
Gold was discovered in paying quantities on all the bars, with the
exception of those situated within the pass in the Rocky Mountains.
Owing to the want of provisions they had to return to McLeod's Lake,
bringing with them the sum of $1,000.    This was obtained by working AND    VICTORIA   DIRECTORY
20L
for a day or two on those bars which presented the least difficulties to
get at whilst on their way back.    The highest day's work made was
f Sixty-five dollars to the hand.
Messrs. Carey and Cust. wintered that year at the mouth of the
Quesnelle, but before the winter set in they took the precaution to
return to McLeod's Lake and store at the Hudson Bay Fort a sufficient
quantity of provisions to last five men for the ensuing season. In the
month of June, which they consider much too late, they reached the
Peace River again, in company with three others, named Peter Toy,
Joseph Oates, and Ezra Evans. They did fifty days washing, and
spent the rest of the season prospecting, returning in the month of
October with $1,200 each. They found scarcely a single bar which
did not pay from ten to fifteen dollars to the hand for a fair day's work.
After working fifty days on the main river, they ascended the Finlay'
branch for a distance of twenty miles from its junction with the former
stream, and found still better prospects than ever. They intend returning to the Finlay this spring, some of the company having returned to
Fort McLeod and stored a quantity of provisions.
During the latter part of the season of 1862 five more men made
their appearance on Peace River. Four were in one company
and did about twelve days' washing, taking out nearly $1,000. The
remaining prospector arrived just in time to return in search of winter
quarters, and, consequently, did not make much by his expedition.
The gold found is somewhat heavier than that on the Fraser, and is
what is known as scaly surface gold.
The main Peace River has a very similar appearance to the upper
Fraser at Alexandria, with the exception that the banks are generally
lower. The gravel appeared to the prospectors much firmer and better
looking. There is some good agricultural land along the river on both
slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Plenty of moose, cariboo and beaver
were seen by the miners, who unfortunately had no weapons with them.
This is up to the present time all that is known of what promises to
become one of the best and most extensive mining districts in British
Columbia. Only two miners were there in 1861, and but ten in 1862.
Of the truth of their reports there can be but little doubt, as the gold
they brought down was seen by many citizens in Victoria. The mining season on Peace River will be longer than in Cariboo, as, although
some distance further north, yet the elevation must be considerably less.
Should the season of 1863 prove by its results that Peace River is
indeed the rich country it is at present thought to be, surely the Government will not allow its discoverers, Messrs. Carey & Cust, who penetrated five hundred mile's into a comparatively unknown country, to
go unrewarded. 206
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIAN
THE TERRITORY OF STICKEN.
In consequence of the discovery of gold on the bars of a large river
emptying itself into the Pacific Ocean, in latitude fifty-eight degrees
north, flowing through the belt of land (thirty miles in breadth) which.
the Russians own on the coast, north of fifty-four degrees, forty minutes,
the Home Government determined to found a new Colony north of
British Columbia, to be known as the Territory of Sticken. The
boundaries of the Territory, as defined by the Order of the Privy
Council, are, the Finlay branch of Peace River and the boundary of
British Columbia on the south; the sixty-first parallel of latitude on
the north ; the Russian possessions on the west; and the one hundred
and twenty-fifth meridian of longitude on the east. The Governor of
British Columbia is empowered to administer justice and to make laws
within the Territory.
The discovery of gold on the Sticken River was first made by a
French Canadian, named Choquette, in the Autumn of 1861, who
ascended the river with the Indians a distance of one hundred and
ninety miles. The reports that he circulated in Victoria caused a rush
to that district in the following spring; and during the season, at least
eight hundred adventurers left Vancouver Island for the mines; of these,
numbers were unused to the hardships of a mining life, and did not
proceed any further than the mouth of the Sticken. The number of
men who reached the mining district, which commences one hundred
and fifty miles up the river, did not amount to more than five hundred.
The river has two or three mouths, and its greatest breadth at the
principal outlet is about half a mile. For the first one .hundred miles
the stream has many sloughs and bends, and in some places the water
runs with great rapidity. It is navigable for steamers of light draught,
for four months in the year, for a distance of one hundred and eighty
miles, and the " Flying Dutchman," Capt. Moore, made several trips
to Shakesville, a mining town situated on the north bank of the river;
one hundred and seventy miles from its mouth. Twenty miles above
Shakesville, what is termed the Great Canon commences, and the river
from that point is no longer navigable for canoes, except at very low
water, and is even then attended with great risk.
The diggings below the canon are of the same character as those on AND    VICTORIA    DIRECTORY.
207
the Fraser—the gold being very fine and difficult to save. The bars
did not turn out as good as was at first anticipated, only one paying
from ten dollars to twenty dollars per day to the rocker. Carpenter's
Bar was the best locality struck, and two or three claims yielded about
three ounces a day to the rocker. From twenty miles below Shakesville up to the mouth of the Canon gold is found on the surface of all
the bars in small quantities, and the color can be obtained all over the
valley and at an elevation of 2,000 feet above the river. In the Canon
and in a small stream known as the North Fork, coarse gold is found
on the bed-rock in places, and by some companies ten to fifteen dollars
a day was made to the hand. Prospecting parties who packed round
the Canon, which is estimated to be from eighty to one hundred miles
long, report a good looking mineral country at the head of it. The
river there is deep with a steady current, and the country undulating
and covered with luxuriant grass. Enough and suitable timber can be
had for boat building. Gold was found on all the bars, and in many
places in paying quantities, but as no provisions could be had, no work
was done. Cariboo, bear, beaver and grouse were numerous. The
geological features of the country most remarkable above Shakesville
and around the Canon are the washed gravel hills, which are quite
destitute of timber and of great hight, and also the masses of lava
and basaltic rocks which are every where met with. This section of
the country is very dry and arid during the summer and bush fires are
of frequent occurrence.
The upper Sticken Indians pay periodical visits to the North Fork,
where they are met by the Indians from the mouth who trade furs from
them. A large quantity of valuable furs are annually brought in from
a long distance in the interior, and as the lower Indians are rapidly
dying off, this trade will shortly be carried on by whites and prove very
profitable. The interior Indians are a quiet and well disposed race,
but object as yet to work or pack for the whites;
There is but little doubt that the progress of the Sticken country will
be 6low for some time, as it is very improbable that anything can be
done in the way of road making during the ensuing season, or until a
revenue be collected. Without passable trails for pack animals the
country does not offer much inducement to the miner. It is stated that
the Governor will send some surveyors up this season to report on the
country, which is represented as being easily traversed. That there is
a rich and extensive gold district somewhere on the upper waters of
the Sticken is generally admitted, and about eighty miners are winter-^
ing in that northern latitude for the purpose of making further explor-*
O * **
ations next summer.    It is worthy of remark that the Finlay branch of
Peace River, on which rich deposits of float gold have been found, must -
208
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIAN   DIRECTORY.
head in the same range of mountains as the Sticken, but probably further
south. The true course of the latter river from the mouth up for a distance of three hundred miles has been found to be about north-east.
Sticken is distant from Victoria about eight hundred miles. The
Russians have shown every disposition to encourage settlements at the
mouth, and last summer promised every assistance in their power to
parties staying there. —	
SAN ERANCISCO  ADVERTISEMENTS.
209
A. S. HALLIDIE &
V
WIRE MSF1ISI0I I1I1GI BUILDERS.
AND
m ROPE MANUFACTURERS,
IMPORTERS OF
ENGLISH   AND   AMERICAN   WIRE.
SOFT AND 2IVRD IRON WIRE, (GALVANIZED IRON WI
STEBL,  BRASS,   -A.3STID   COPPER  WIRE,
CONSTANTLY  ON  HAND.
WIRE   SUSPENSION  BRIDGES.
We are prepared to contract for the erection of Wire Suspension Bridges of any
span and capacity, and would refer parties interested to the numerous Bridges,
erected by us in California, of spans varying from 200 to 350 feet.
Several years' experience in the requirements of Suspension Bridges enables us
to erect such structures economically and thoroughly.
WIBE    ROPE.
We manufacture Wire Rope of any size and length. The superiority of Wire
Rope over any other kind of rope for hoisting, standing, or general purposes, is
well understood, having been in successful use in Great Britain for forty years.
IRON AND COPPER WIRE SASH CORD, for hanging Sashes,
COPPER WIRE ROPE, LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS,
STRANDS TOR FENCING, &c. &c.
A. S. HALLIDIE & CO.,
41 £2 Olav feStareei:, San Francisco, Oal.
CALIFORNIA WIRE WORKS.
H.    T.    GRATES,
412 CLAY STREET, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.,
Manufactures and keeps constantly on hand,
1J
uu
U1
DT1
ULJ
k    SUCH   AS
Wire Cloth, Sieves, Riddles, Cages, Rat Traps, Fenders and
Fire Guards, &c. &c.
PRICES LOW-A LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO THE TRADE.
15 SAN FRANCISCO  ADVERTISEMENTS.
OlEGOi
;N DIEGO
STEAMSHIP LINE.
For PORTLAND, 0., and VICTORIA, V. I.
tiamebs
AND
M.
Luis Obispo, Santa Bar
Pedro, and San Diego,
8TSAUSB
sail
E JNT A. T O R.
SAMUEL J. HENSLEY, Proprietor,
N. W. Corner Front and Jackson Streets,
SAN    FRANCISCO.
U SAN FRANCISCO ADVERTISEMENTS.
211
OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS,
From the Celebrated Anaheim Vineyards,
Also, Proprietors of the Well Known
B
ii
AND IMPORTERS OE SUPERIOR
V
OLD   CORN  AND   BOURBON
iEsy *5rar st era sip hp is tra
3STO-   423    FRONT   S T IR E E T
SAN    FRANCISCO.
HOWARD   &   BARNETT,
SOLE AGENTS FOR
VICTORIA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA,
33   YATES   STREET,
"XT I O T O DR. I -A.9    "V-   I- SAN FRANCISCO  ADVERTISEMENTS.
Id shit iron works,
Corner Market and Bush Streets,
OPPOSITE  ORIENTAL  HOTEL,
S .A. N"    FRANCISCO.
MANUFACTURERS    OF
& T :E2 J&. 3&E    BOIIjIURS,
HIGH AND LOW PRESSURE,
OP CEXINDEB, TUBUTjAB, OB FLUE AUD SHEET-IKON "WORK;
STEAM AUD WATER PIPE,
Of a better quality, and at prices more reasonable, than any other Establishment
on the Pacific Coast.
Being PRACTICAL BOILER MAKERS, of long experience, confining our.
whole time and attention exclusively to one branch of business, and using the best
quality and'brands of Boiler and Sheet Iron, and Boiler Tubes, enables us to say
to all that are in want of any work in the above line to give us a call, and they
shall find our work to be of the best quality—prices reasonable, and warranted
according to order.
Q5?= ORDERS FROM THE COUNTRY, by express or otherwise, with a
remittance or satisfactory reference, will be promptly executed, and shipped as
ordered.   Particular attention paid to  REPAIRING OF  STEAM BOILERS.
COFFEY &  RISDON.
ESTABLISHED   JULY   £20,   1856.
FRANCISCO NEWS LET
§10
AND
DEVOTED  TO
The Leading Interests of California and the Pacific Coast.
OFFICE,   543   CLAY   STREET,
SAN    FRANCISCO.
Published every Saturday Morning*, at 7 o'clock, A. M.
PRICE   12 1-2 CENTS   PER COPY, OR   $6 50   PER ANNUM.
m!*< SAN   FRANCISCO  ADVERTISEMENTS.
213
Southeast corner California and Montgomery Sts.,
ROOMS    21   AJJSTJD   22.
HOWARD & BARNETT,   Sole Agents for Victoria.    All orders
intrusted to them will receive prompt attention.
Office: next to Wells, Fargo & Co., Yates Street, Victoria, V. I.
RUM PUNCH,
COGNAC PUNCH,
COFFEE PUNCH,
ARRACK PUNCH,
PINE-APPLE PUNCH,
TEA PUNCH,
STRAWBERRY PUNCH,
COCOA PUNCH,
LADIES TEARS' PUNCH,
WHISKY PUNCH,
KIRSCHWASSER PUNCH,
ANTI-DYSPEPTIC PUNCH,
ANTI-DIVORCE PUNCH,
APPETIZER,
NECTAR,
MORNING COMFORT.
First Premium at Sacramento State Fair, 1862.
First Premium at San Francisco Bay District Fair.
MANUFACTORY,  WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL   SALESROOMS,
J¥o.   44   EEIDESDORFF   STREET,
Between Sacramento and California, and Montgom.rj and Sansome.
SOLE AGENTS AND IMPORTERS
FOR VICTORIA, V. L, AND BRITISH COLUMBIA,
HOWARD   &   BARNETT,
23 YATES STREET,
"V X O T O H. I -A. ,    "V.    X. ^^r^iPSS*-
ROBERT MAYERS,
330  MONTGOMERY   STREET,
SAN   FRANCISCO,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
IBM
DO
qprB? ins
w
IP
^df
133 qr
mw
I
OF EVERT DESCRIPTION
TOYS,   &o.
(IS
^§>
SOLE AGENTS FOR VICTORIA AND BRITISH COLUMBIA,
HOWARD & BARNETT, 23 YATES STREET, VICTORIA, V. I.
aUEUX & WATER!
MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS OF
P
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
OTKD, GURI»ft&,
ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE.
**«■»
SOLE   AGENTS   FOR   VICTORIA,
|^ HOWARD  &   BARNETT,^
23   YATES   STREET,  VICTORIA,  V.   I. V
^BARRETT & SHERWOOD;
[ROBERT SHERWOOD, Successor,]
Manufacturers and Importers of
M9%
WATCHES
t
OF  FIRST  QUALITY, AT LONDON PRICES.
"WaMbi E&ojp&mrs ©airoiWIIly ®±®©init®dlo
517 MONTGOMERY STREET,
One  door North, of Commercial.
536 Clay Street,
•^isB
&^bkr
t
San Francisco,
&»*.
p»*i,
PROPRIETORS
tftW
B°OK BINDERS, PAPER BOI"®88
B1AKK ItSK MAMIfACTIHIS.
 ■ j. i
CtF=* Persons Residing in Victoria or British Columbia', can have their
ORDERS FILLED AT SHORT NOTICE AND AT VER| CHEAP RATES,
By sending their .orders through Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express.
B\b.V    tO>> ^ 

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