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Thirtieth annual report of the Vancouver Board of Trade. 1916-1917 Vancouver. Board of Trade 1917

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Array Thirtieth 
Annual Report 
of the 
Vancouver Board 
of Trade 

1916-1917 
Vancouver, British Columbia 
Canada    Thirtieth 
Annual Report 
of the 
Vancouver Board 
of Trade 

1916-1917 
Vancouver, British Columbia 
Canada Vancouver Boaed op Tbade
OFFICERS
PAST PRESIDENTS
-D. OPPENHEIMER
-D. OPPENHEIMER (dec.)
-E. V. BODWELL (dec.)
-R. H. ALEXANDER
-JOHN HENDRY
-G. E. BERTEAUX (dec.)
■W. P. SALSBURY
J. 0. KEITH (dec.)
-G. M. MAJOR
-H. BELL-HAVING
-H. BELLJRVING
WM. GODFREY
WM. GODFREY
0. E. TISDALL
F. BUSCOMBE
-F. F. BURNS (dec.)
1902-03—W. H. MALKIN
1903-04—H. T. L00KYER
1904-05—h. Mcdowell (dec.)
1905-06—A. B. ERSKrNE
1906-07—r. p. Mclennan
1907-08—w. j. McMillan
1908-09—E. H. HEAPS
1909-10—H. A. STONE
1910-11—EWING BUCHAN
1911-12—A. G. McCANDLESS
1912-13—A. B. ERSKTNE
1913-14—HON. F. CARTER-COTTON
1914-15—JONATHAN ROGERS
1915-16—JONATHAN ROGERS
1916-17—N. THOMPSON
OFFICERS FOR 1917-18
B. W. GREER President
P. G. SHALLCROSS Vice-President
W. A. BLAIR -      -      Secretary
(12 marked
BARKER, W. H.
*BLArR, GILBERT
* COTTRELL, G. H.
EADIE, JOHN
•GODFREY, WM.
HALL, J. E.
*HAMBER, E. W.
•HOULGATE, R. KERR
COUNCIL
being the Board of Arbitration)
•KIDD, GEO.
•MALKIN, W. H.
•PETERS, F. W.
•SPENCER, C.
*TISDALL, C. E.
•THOMPSON, N.
•WfLSON, W. J. BLAKE
DATES OF REGULAR MONTHLY MEETINGS, 1917-18
COUNCIL
12.15 p.m. Thursday
April     5
May     3
June      7
July     5
August      9
September     6
October     4
November      8
December      6
January     8
February     7
March      7
FULL BOARD
8 p.m. Tuesday
April     10
May     8
June      12
July     10
August      14
September     11
October     9
November      18
December      11
January  8
February     12
March  18 Annual Eeport, 1916-1917
STANDING   COMMITTEES, 1917-1918
The First Name on Each List to be Convenor.
R.  K.  HOULGATE
A. E.  BECK
G. A. CAMPBELL
P.  DONNELLY
D.  DOWNIE
T. W. "FLETCHER
J.  GRIFFITH
LEGAL  AND   LEGISLATIVE
J. A. HARVEY
E. F. HELLTWELL
E.  E. HILL
J.   B.  JOHNSON
J.   K.   MACRAE
R.  L.  MAITLAND
C.  F.  MILLAR
J.   P.   NICOLLS
G. L. SMET.LTE
A.   C.   STLRRETT
W. A. TOLMTE
SIR CHAS. H. TUPPER
HARBOR   AND   NAVIGATION,   AND   SHIPBUILDING
J.   EADIE
E. H.  BEAZLEY
GBO. BUSCOMBE
G.  G.  BUSHBY
A. M.  DOLLAR
N.  HARDIE
J.   C.  IRONS
E.  LIPSETT
T.  W.  B.   LONDON
N.   McLEAN
C. H. NICHOLSON
B. G. D. PHILLIPS
H.  PYBUS
JONATHAN ROGERS
J.  FYFE  SMITH
A. WALLACE
G.  H.   COTTRELL
A.   BROSTEDT
K.  J. BURNS
E. J. COYLE
W. DALTON
A.   DAVIDSON
J. E. ELLIOTT
TRANSPORTATION
J.  E.  HALL
R. KELLY
C.   F.   LAW
W.   G.   MacKENZIE
J. P. D. MALKIN
A. W. NASE
W.  G.   PATRICK
H. PIM
H. A. PLOW
W.   D.   POWER
A.  G.  McCANDLESS     T. McE. ROBERTSON
W.   G.   MURRIN
W. H. WALSH
TRADE  AND  COMMERCE
W. H. MALKIN
G. BEVERIDGE
C. P. COLES
F. G. CRICKMAY
R. J. CROMIE
J. A. CUNNINGHAM
C. E. DISHER
F. G. EVANS
W. H. LECKIE
T. W. B. LONDON
r. p. Mclennan
j. d. mcneill
A. L. McWILLIAMS
F. PARSONS
J. RAMSAY
C. M. ROLSTON
J. FYFE SMITH
C.  SPENCER
F. W. STERLING
H.  A.  STONE
JONATHAN  STOREY
C.  E.  TISDALL
F.  F.  WESBROOK
H. G. WHITE
W.   J.   BLAKE   WILSON
C.   SPENCER
0.   B.   ALLAN"
WM.   DICK
G. DRYSDALE
RETAIL MERCHANTS
J. A. FLETT
J.  N.  HARVEY
H.   T.   LOCKYER
W.  C.  STEARMAN
W.  H.  WALSH?-J
CHAS.   WOODWARD
W. H. BARKER
H. BELL-IRVING
W.  H.   GREENWOOD   E. LTPSETT
FISHERIES
F.   J.   HAYWARD
R. KELLY
A.  L.  HAGAR
J.  B. MATHERS
F. MILLERD
A. L. RUSSELL
FOREST  PRODUCTS
E. W.  HAMBER W. H. HARGRAVE
W. B. W. ARMSTRONG T. KIRKPATRICK
F. L. BUCKLEY E.  C.  KNIGHT
PAUL DAY                        M. S. LOGAN
JOHN HANBURY J.   D.   McCORMACK
C. McRAE
J. M.  O'BRIEN
G. S. RAPHAEL
J. FYFE SMITH
W. H. WHALEN Vancouver Board of Trade
mining
N.   THOMPSON
GILBERT BLAIR
A.  B.  BUCKWORTH
C. E. CARTWRIGHT
H. K. DUTCHER
E.   P.   GILMAN
E. A. HAGGEN
G. J. HAMMOND
A.  E.  HEPBURN
C. F. LAW
E. W.  LEESON
JONATHAN ROGERS
ALEXANDER SHARP
A.   H.   WALLBRIDGE
F. WILKINSON
MEMBERSHIP
W.   GODFREY
W. B. W. ARMSTRONG
W. F.  BEVERIDGE
G.  BUSCOMBE
S.   G.   DOBSON
N.   R.   FISHER
T. W. FLETCHER
F.  J.  HAYWARD
R. K. HOULGATE
C.  F.  MILLAR
A. C. STEVEN
A. J. T. TAYLOR
N.  THOMPSON
INSURANCE
GILBERT BLAIR
J. J. BANFIELD
D.  CRAMER
A. McC.  CREERY
,C. R. ELDERTON
J. E. ELLIOTT
R. KELLY
H. T. LOCKYER
F. PARSONS
F. W. ROUNSEFELL
C.  SPENCER
A. C. STTRRETT
H. A. STONE
LAND SETTLEMENT
C.  E. TISDALL
J. J. BANFIELD
W. DALTON
T. W. FLETCHER
J. A. FLETT
GEORGE KIDD
A.  LINEHAM
C. McRAE
J. B. MATHERS
M. H. NELEMS
JONATHAN ROGERS
F. W. ROUNSEFELL
H. A.  STONE
CIVIC AND RECEPTION
GEORGE KIDD
E. BUCHAN
B. A. CUNLIFFE   •
JOHN EADIE
T. W. FLETCHER
R. H. GALE
W. HEPBURN
T. H. KIRK
T. W. B. LONDON
M. McBEATH
E. ODLUM
J. RAMSAY
F. F. WESBROOK
GRAIN
J. E. HALL
D. R. CLARK
J. W.  CLARK
C. P. COLES
G. H.  COTTRELL
J. A. CUNNINGHAM
W. H. KERR
T.  W.   B.   LONDON
a. r. Mcdonald
a. l. russell
w. j. blake wilson
BUILDING AND FINANCE
W. J. BLAKE WILSON    GEORGE KIDD
E.   G.   BAYNES
E.   W.   HAMBER
G. V. HOLT
A.   G.   McCANDLESS'
F. S. SWALES
C. SWEENEY
N.   THOMPSON
H. G. WHITE
NEW INDUSTRIES
F. W. PETERS
F. CARTER COTTON
J. R. DAVTSON
E. J. DEACON
J. B.  MATHERS
A. J. T. TAYLOR
A. WALLACE
F. WTLKIN80N Annual Report, 1916-1917
LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE VANCOUVER
BOARD OF TRADE
YEAR
NAME
FIRM
1914—
1913—
1906—
1912—
1911-
1915—
1913—
1914—
1916—
1915—
t   |
1916-
1897-
1909-
1912-
1911-
1912-
1916-
1912-
1916-
1889-
1915-
1917-
1917-
1915-
1909-
1912-
1912-
1914-
1916-
1895-
1895-
1912-
1916-
1916-
1916-
1916-
1904-
1904-
1914-
1914-.
1916-
1912-
1916-
1906-
Abernethy,   Robert—
♦Affleck, R. G -	
Akhurst, W. A	
Allan, O. B	
Allan, W. A.	
Amiss, John H.	
Andrews,  F.  T	
Armstrong,   J.   V	
Armstrong, W. B. W
Astley,  Wm	
Baird,   David	
Banfield, J. J	
Barker,  W.  H.	
Baynes, E. G.	
Beazley,  E.  H ■
Beck, A. E	
Beetham,   Edward-
Begg, F. R	
Bell, J.  N	
Bell-Irving,   H	
Berkinshaw, N. W,
B everidge,  G.  L-—
Beveridge, W. F	
Bigger, H. J	
Blair, Gilbert	
Blair, W. A	
Bland,  W.   E	
Bowman,  Richard-
Bowser, Francis	
Bowser, W. J	
Braid,   Wm	
*Brenton, H. B	
Brettell, E	
Brooks, Joseph G
Brostedt, A	
Brown, H. W.	
Brown,   W.   R	
Buchan, E	
Buckley,  F.   E	
Buckworth,  A.   B
Burke,  F.  E.	
Burke,   Stanley	
Burley, W. S	
Burns,   D	
Eburne Sawmills, Etd.
Canadian Fairbanks Morse Co.
Jeweler.
Canadian Con. Rubber Co., L,td.
The .Bradstreet Company.
B. C.  E. Ry. Co., Ltd.
B. C. Loggers' Association.
Victoria & Vanc'r Stevedor. Co., Ltd.
B. C. Packers' Association.
Baynes & Horie.
Union S. S. Co., of B. C, Ltd.
Beck & Creagh.
Can. Pacific Ry. Co., Ltd.
Begg Motor Co., Ltd.
Canadian Ingersoll Rand Co.
H. Bell-Irving-& Co., Ltd.
Bank of Nova Scotia.
Wm. Braid & Co.
H. Bell-Irving & Co., Ltd.
The American Can Co., Ltd.
Mackay Smith, Blair & Co.
Vancouver Board of Trade.
National Home Builders, Ltd
Vanc'r & Districts Joint Sewerage &
Drainage. Board.
Bowser, Reid & Wallbridge!
B. C. Vinegar Works.
Electric Supply Co., Ltd.
Hose & Brooks.
Canadian Northern Railway.
Brown, H. W. & Co.
Bank of Vancouver (Liquidator).
Wallace Fisheries, Ltd.
Pemberton & Son.
B. C. Fir & Cedar Lumber Co., Ltd
P. Burns & Co.
On Active Service. 6
Vancouver Board op Trade
LIST OF MEMBERS—Continued.
i
YEAR
NAME
FIRM
1906—
1895—1
1913—
1905—
1916—
1914—
1912—
1909—
1917—
1906—
1915—
1915—
1912—
1917—
1887—
1912—
1915—
1915—
1916—
1912—
1903—
1912—
1912—
1889—
1913--
1908--
1917—
1912—
1905—
1899—
1909—
1898—
1916—
1916—
1916—
1909—
1916—
1909—
1917—
1917—
1914—
1916—
1916—
1905—
1916—
1916-
1915—
1914—
Great Northern Railway.
Buscombe Securities Co., Ltd.
Buscombe Securities Co., Ltd.
B. C. Marine Ltd.
Pacific Dredging Co., Ltd.
Campbell Storage Co., Ltd.
Campbell, G. A. & Co.
539 Pender St. W.
Mutual Life of Canada.
Union Oil Co. of California.
Swift Canadian Co., Ltd.
Cartwright, Matheson & Co.
Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co., Ltd.
Bank of Montreal.
Cleveland & Cameron.
C. P. Coles & Co.
Cope & Son, Ltd.
Cotton Co., Ltd.
1180 Homer St.
Greer, Coyle & Co.
Cramer & Co., Ltd.
H. Bell-Irving & Co., Ltd.
Crehan, Martin & Co.
Crickmay Bros.
Bloedel, Stewart & Welch.
Rcnwick & Cunliffe., Ltd.
Northern Construction Co.
B. C. Refining Co., Ltd.
Mainland Transfer Co.
Great Northwest Telegraph Co.
Grand Trunk Pacific.
Pacific Dredging Co., Ltd.
Industrial   Commissioner.
Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Co.
Federal Lumber Co.
Deacon, Deacon & Wilson.
C. E. Disher & Co.
Buscombe, F	
Buscombe, George	
Bushby, Geo   G	
Cameron, Max. J,	
Campbell, G. A	
Campbell, J. A	
Campbell, J. H	
Campbell, N. S	
Campbell, R. C	
Cartwright, C. E	
Cassidy   Robert	
Ceperley, H. T	
Clabon   A   B	
Clark,   D.   R	
Clark, J.  W	
Cleveland,  E.  A -
Coles, C. P	
Collister, W. H. R	
Cook,  E	
Cope, F. T   	
Cotton, F. Carter	
Cotton, M. P	
Cottrell,  G. H	
Cowdry, A. N	
Coyle,   E.   J	
| Cramer,   Donald	
Creery,  A.   McC	
Crehan,   M.   J	
Crickmay, F. G	
Cromie,   R.  J	
Cunliffe,  B. A	
Cummings, C. V	
Cunningham,
Dr. H. M.
Dalton, W	
Davidson, Albert	
Davidson, J. L	
Davison, J. R	
Day, Paul	
Deeley, Fred 	
Dick, Wm. Jr 	
Disher, C. E	 Annual Beport, 1916-1917
LIST OF MEMBERS-Continued.
YEAR
NAME
I
1916—
1887—
1916—
1911—-
1911—
1915—
1910—
1903—1
1913—
1913—!
1915—
1916—
1914-
1913-
1910-
1913—
1915-
1915-
1914-
1913-
1898-
1913-
1913-
1916-
1913-
1916-
1912-
1914-
1915-
1913-
1915-
1912-
1915-
1917-
1917-
1913-
1915...
1916-
1916-
1913-
1914-
1917-
1905-
1909-
1913-
Dobson, S. G	
Doering,  C	
Dollar, A. M	
Donnelly,   P	
Dow,   A	
Downie, Donald	
Drayton, C. R	
Drysdale, Gordon—
♦DuCane, Chas.  G-
Duker, H	
Dunlop, J. R.  V.-
Dutcher, H.  K	
Dyson, H.  W	
Eadie, John 	
Eldertcn,  C. R. '
'Elkins, J. E	
Elliott,  J.   E	
Elliott,   S.   C	
Ellis, J. N	
kEndacott,   G.   M.
Erskine, A. B	
Evans, F. G. 	
Evans, W. F	
Fahay, J. T	
'Fell,  J.   P	
Fisher, N. Rigby-
Fletcher, T. W. I
Flett, J.  A	
Flumerfelt> A. C.Forbes,  A.   M	
Ford,   J.   L.	
Ford,  R.  W	
Foster,  W.   L	
Fowler, W.  G.
Frazee,  C.  W.
Gale,   R.   H	
Gall,  J.  S	
Gallowav,   James-
Gait, John   	
Gavin,   D	
Geddes,   Herbert
Geddes, J   G	
Germain e, W. L.-
Gibbs, G. M	
Gibson,  G. F	
FfRM
Royal  Bank of Canada.
The Robert Dollar Co.
Canadian Financiers, Limited.
Dow, Fraser Trust Co.
Vancouver Financial Corporation.
G. Drysdale, Ltd.
H. Duker, Ltd.
Vancouver Trust  Co.
DuCane. Dutcher & Co.
B. C. Electric Railway Co.
Dingwall, Cotts & Co.
Yorkshire & Canadian Trust Co., Ltd.
McLennan, McFeely & Co.
Ellis & Brown.
Evans & Co., F. G.
Evans & Co., W. F.
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Forbes & Van Home.
Henry Birks & Son.
Mainland Fire Underwriters Association.
Gutta Percha & Rubber Ltd.
Royal Bank of Canada.
B. C. Supply Co.
Richards, Akroyd & Gall.
McClary Manufacturing Co.
Union Steamship Co. of B. C, Ltd.
Martin & Robertson.
G. R. Gregg & Co.
Union Bank of Canada.
Northern Bond Co.
*On Active Service. YEAR
Vancouver Board of Trade
LIST OF MEMBERS-Continued
NAME
Giffen,  J.   B	
Giles,  George 	
Gilman, E. P	
Gintzburger,   S	
Glover,  F.  R	
Godfrey, Wm	
Godson,   C.  A.	
Gosse, Richard E	
Grant,   David	
Gray,  Calvin  —-
Graham,   Lome   D.~-
j Greenhow,   Thomas-
Greenwood, R. E	
Greenwood, W. H.
Greer, B. W.	
Greer, T. W	
Griffin,   F	
Griffith,   J.   H.	
Gross,  F.  D	
Gwyn,   W.  T ......
Gwynn,   G.   I.	
1911-
1897-
1909-
1911.
1916-
1890.
1912.
1916-
1916-
FIRM
R. G. Dun & Co.
Vancouver Engineering Works.
Swiss   Consul.
Bank of British North America.
Robertson,  Godson & Co.
Gosse, Millerd Packing Co.
Canadian Export & Import Co.
Barber, Ellis, Ltd.
Simonds Canada Saw Manufacturing
■   Co.
Skeena River Fisheries.
Maple Leaf Steamship Co.
Pacific Coast Fire Insurance Co.
F. Griffin & Co.
Griffith & Lee.
Mainland  Transfer  Co-
Dominion   Bank.
E. W. Hachmuth & Co.
Robertson & Hackett.
Canadian  Fishing Co.
Technical   Press   Ltd.
Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Ltd.
B. C. Mills Timber & Trading Co.
R. Hamilton & Co.
Natural Resources Security Co.
T. Hanbury & Co., Ltd.
Dodwell & Co., Ltd.
Canadian Bank of Commerce.
Bank of Hamilton.
Merchants Bank of Canada.
Wm. Harrison & Co., Ltd.
F. J. Hart & Co.
Hachmuth, E. W.
Hackett, J. W.	
Hagar,   A.   L.	
Haggen, E. A:-	
Hall, J. E	
Hamber,   E.   W.Hamilton,   R	
Hammond,  G. J.~
Hanbury, John	
Hardie,   Norman-
Hargrave, W. H.~
Harper,  j.   F	
Harrison,   G.   S	
Harrison,   Wm.   -.
Hart,   F.   J.	
Harvey,   A.   G Bayfield & Harvey.
Harvey, J.  A |Taylor,   Harvev,   Grant,   Stockton   &
vSmith.
Harvey, T. N | N. Harvey, Ltd.
Harvey, W. G.-
Dominion Creosoting Co.
Hastings Printshop.
Harvey,   W.   H	
Hastings,   Thomas—
Hayward, F. J.	
I Heaps,   E.   H	
-I Heaps,   J.   W	
Hellrfell, E. F	
Helliwell, J. F	
B. C. Telephone Co., Ltd.
Helliwell, Moore & MacLachlam Annual Report, 1916-1917
LIST  OF  MEMBERS-Continued.
YEAR
NAME
FIRM
1916—
1913—
1915—
1915—
1904—-
Henderson, E. H	
Henderson, J	
Henderson's Directories.
The Temple Patterson Co., Ltd.
1910—
1916—
1915—
1915—
1912—
1913—
1909—
1915—
1913—
Hepburn, Walter	
Hill   E   E	
Vancouver Creosoting Co., Ltd.
London & British North America Co.,
Ltd.
National   Drug   &   Chemical   Co., of
Canada, Ltd.
Hodges, W   E	
Hoee-   W   H	
Holden, W	
Holt   G   V	
H. C. Hooper & Co., Ltd.
1°13—-
Hooe.   T    A	
1915—
Horton    R    B	
1899—
1906—-
Houlgate,  R.   Kerr—
Yorkshire & Canadian Trust Co., Ltd.
McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd.
1903—-
1915—
1913	
Hunter    C    D	
Empress Manufacturing Co.
Can.-Australasian Royal Mail Line.
Irons J. C 	
1912—
1912—
Iste]    A   	
Royal Bank of Canada.
1912—
H. C. Hooper & Co.
North American Lumber Co.
1912—
1887—
1916—
1912—-
Johnson, C. Gardiner
Vancouver Pilotage Board.
Great West Life Assurance Co.
Tohnson & Reeve.
1907—
Tohnson Brothers.
1S99	
Johnson Brothers.
1915
Napier, Jones & Co.
C. H. Jones & Son, Ltd
Pither & Lieser.
1916—
1912—
Joy,  G.  N	
1909   -
1896—
1915—
1916—
1895—
Kelly  R   	
Kelly, Douelas & Co.
Kemp & Co., Ltd.
Kennedy, C. R	
Ker   W.  H	
A. R. Williams Machinery Co.
Brackman, Ker Millino: Co.
1912—
1914—-
British Columbia Electric Railway Co.
Killam   F. W	
1915—
Kirk Thos H	
1912 -
Kirkland  H   S	
Kirkland & Rose.
1903—
1916- -
Kirkpatrick,  Thos—
Kloeofer   T   C <—-
Kloepfer Hardware Co. 10
Vancouver Board of Trade
LIST   OF   MEMBERS-CONTINUED.
YEAR
NAME
FIRM
1913-
1916—
Knight, E. C	
Vancouver Lumber Co., Ltd.
S. Tamura & Co.
British Columbia Electric Railway Co.
510 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver Insurance  & Vessel
Agency,  Ltd.
Imperial Bank of Canada.
J. Leckie & Co., Ltd.
J. Leckie & Co., Ltd.
British   Columbia   Electric   Railway
Co.
Leek & Co.
Leeson, Dickie, Gross & Co.
Wood, Vallance & Leggat
Western Cloak & Suit Co.
Gurney Foundry Co.
News-Advertiser.
Livingston & O'Dell.
Hudson's Bay Co.
Balfour, Guthrie & Co.
Lucas & Lucas.
Maitland & Maitland.
W. H. Malkin Co., Ltd.
W. H. Malkin Co., Ltd.
Oscar Brown & Co.
Martin, Robertson & Co., Ltd.
Evans, Coleman & Evans.
Imperial Rice Milling Co.
Canadian  Pacific  Railway.
Mercantile Mortgage  Co.
Vancouver Nanaimo Coal Co.
British   Pacific   Engineering   &   Construction  Co., Ltd.
False Creek Lumber Co.
Warwick, Mitchell, Peat & Co.
Gosse, Millerd & Co.
\nderson & Misken.
Northwest Canadian Investment Co.,
Ltd.
)17 Granville St.
1914—
1912—
1912.-
' Law, C. F	
1917—
1917—
1 Lawson, J. H	
1917-
1917—
I
1 Lay, J. M	
1895-
Leckie,   R.   J	
1910—
Leckie,  W.   H	
1916—
Lee,  C.  A	
1903—
Leek,  W	
1908—
HI           1903—
Leggatt,   M.   H	
1913—
Lester, A	
1904—
Lightfoot,   C.   L	
1915—
1904—
Lineham,  Arthur-,	
Lipsett, E	
1913—
Livingston, S	
1896—
Lockyer,   H    T	
1915—
Logan,   M.   S	
1912—
1909—
London, T. W. B
Lucas, F. G. T	
1915—
Mahon,   C.   E	
1916—
Maitland,  R   L	
1912—
Malkin,  J.  P.   D	
1897—
Malkin, W. H	
1903—
Marpole, C. M	
1916--
Marpole, R. F	
1890—1
Martin,  Robert	
1911—
Martin, W. L	
1915--
1915—
Mather, W. A	
1909--
Mathers,  J.   B	
1911 —
1903—
Mathews, Thomas ....
Maynard, H.  W	
1912—
Meek, C. S	
1916—
Menzies,   John	
1916—
Mercer, J. M	
1916—
Miller,  C. F	
1916—
1912	
Millerd,   Francis   ■
Milne, Charles	
1911—
Misken, H	
1914—
Monro, A. S	
1897—
Morgan,  E.  B	
1917—j
Morgan, T. C < Annual Report, 1916-1917
LIST   OF   MEMBERS-Continued.
YEAR
NAME
1913-
1899-
1899-
1904-
1909-
1914-
1912-
1912-
1915-
1915-
1912-
1915-
1910-
1902-
1912-
1913-
1915-
1907-
1915-
1916-
1887-
1909-
1915-
1912-
1909-
1897-
1912-
1909-
1895-
1911-
1913-
1916-
1898-
1916-
1912-
1913-
1912-
1898-
1916-
1914-
1915-
1913-
1912-
1917-
1916-
1908-
1911-
1911-
I
Morley, H. B	
Morris, H. H	
Morrison, A	
Morrison, W. G.
Murdoff, F. L—
Murrin, W. G	
Macaulay,  C.   H.	
Macaulay,   H.   C.	
Macdonald, G. E	
Macdonald, M. A.	
Macdonald, T. D	
MacGougan, F. J.—
Mackenzie, W. G	
Mackinnon, J. M	
Maclennan, W. A.- -
Macrae,   J.   K.	
McBeath, Malcolm i
McCandless, A. G—
McCormack, J. D	
I McDonald, A. R	
McFeely, E. J	
Mcllreevy, J. E	
Mcintosh, D. A	
McKenney, A. G.	
McLean,  Norman ■
McLennan, R. P.—
McNeill, J. D	
McNeill, W ■
McPherson, W	
McRae,  C.  	
McSpadden, Geo. -
McWilliams,  A.   L
Naismith, D	
Nanson,  W.   H—
Nase, A. W	
Nelems, M. H	
Nelson, John 	
Nicol, W. C	
Nichols, J. D.~~
Nicholson, C. H.
Nicholson, L. H.
Nickson, T. R	
Nicolls, J. P	
O'Brian, C. M.
O'Brien, J.   M.
Odium,   E.   	
Odium, V. W.-
Ogilvy, John -
FIRM
Tisdalls, Ltd.
Canadian Bank of Commerce.
Armstrong, Morrison & Co.
Williams & Murdoff, Ltd.
British    Columbia    Electric    Railway
Co.
Macaulay & Nicolls.
Macdonald, Marpole & Co.
B. C. Permanent Loan Co.
B. C. Telephone Co., Ltd.
Wood, Vallance & Leggat.
Abbott, Macrae & Co.
Northern Securities, Ltd.
Canadian Western Lumber Co.
Canadian  Government Elevator.
McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd.
Crane & Co.
Letson & Burpee, Ltd.
McLean Brothers.
McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd.
McNeill, Welch & Wilson.
Western Canada Power Co., Ltd.
Alberta Lumber Co., Ltd.
Kelly, JDouglas & Co., Ltd.
Naismith & Co.
W. H. Nanson & Co.
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul.
The Vancouver Daily World.
The Vancouver Daily World.
The Vancouver Daily Province.
Grand Trunk Pacific S.S.  Co.
National Biscuit & Confec. Co.
Macaulay & Nicolls.
718 Granville St.
Brooks, Scanlon & O'Brien. 12
Vancouver Board of Trade
LIST  OF   MEMBERS-Continued.
YEAR
NAME
FIRM
1913—
1916—
1913—
1915—
1915—
1914—
1916—
1912—
1915—
1916—
1912—
1915—
1916—
1915—
1911—
1914—
1917—-j
Wienie—
1910—
1913—
1895—
1895—
1912—
1914—
1912—
1915—
1915—
1912—
1909—
1911—
1913—
1906—
1904—
1912—
1911—
Oppenheimer  Bros.
Parsons, Frank 	
Patrick   W   G   -
Wood. Vallance & Leggat.
Ford Motor Co. of Canada, Ltd.
vStandard Bank of Canada.
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Perkins,   G.   C.	
Peters    F   W	
Phenoe   T   P   	
Phillies   B   G  D	
Dale & Co.
Pike   T   W	
Canada  General  Electric  Co.
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Marwick, Mitchell, Peat & Co.
British   Columbia   Electric   Railway
Co.
Plow   HA   	
Porter   G   	
Potts   R.  T -
British   Columbia   Electric   Railway
Co.
407 ■ Seymour St.
Hudson's Bay Co.
Pratt   F   M —
Pratt   H.  V	
Ralph, Morris & Ella.
Ramsay Brothers & Co., Ltd.
Rand  E E	
Read   T   R	
Reeve  D  W	
B. C. Breweries, Ltd.
Robertson, Morris & Co.
Evans, Coleman & Evans.
Eburne  Saw  Mills,  Ltd.
Robertson, C. H. D.-.
Robertson, T. McE	
Roe, P. D.- --
Rogers, Jonathan 	
Rolston   H   S	
Rolston   C   M	
Imperial Oil Co., Ltd.
Ross, A W	
1903—
1915—
1909—
1911—
1912—
1916—
1912—
Ross, J •--
- Rounsefell, F. W	
Runkle, Gordon	
Ltd.
Ross & Howard Ironworks.
Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co., Ltd.
The    Paterson    Manufacturing    Co.,
Evans,  Coleman & Evans.
Vancouver & Prince Rupert Meat Co.
British   Columbia   Electric   Railway
Co.
J. Fyfe Smith & Co., Ltd.
Russell   P   T	
Sawers, N. C	 Annual Report, 1916-1917
LIST  OF   MEMBERS-Continued
YEAR
NAME
1917-
1904-
1916-
1912-
1905-
1912-
1916-
1912-
1912-
1914-
1916-
1915-
1909-
1916-
1916-
1916-
1915-
1917-
1912-
1911-
1915-
1912-
1915-
1915-
1895-
1916-
1916-
1902-
1915-
1912-
1916-
1887-
1912-
1907-
1916-
1909-
1911-
1911-
1916-
1912-
1910-
1912-
1890.
1912-
1912-
1912-
1915-
Shelly, W. C	
Schooley, F. T	
Seddon, H	
Seymour, G. W.
Shallcross, P. G.Shannon, R. P.—
Sharp, Alex	
Sharpies, J. W.-
Shatford, L. W	
Shaw, J. C	
Short, A. E	
Smellie, G. L	
Smith, J. Fyfe 	
Smith, T. J	
Spencer,   C.   —	
Sperry, A. H	
i Stacey, G. N	
Stephen, A. M	
Stearman, W. C.	
Sterling, F. W	
Steven, A.  C.	
Stevens, H. H., M.P.
Stevenson, A. W	
601 Tenth Ave. W.
Royal Crown Soaps, Ltd.
Lea & Perrins.
Dunlop Tire & Rubber Goods, Ltd.
Shallcross," Macaulay & Co., Ltd.
Smith, Shannon Lumber Co.
B. C. Life Assurance Co.
Canadian    Prudential    Guarantee    &
Investment Co.
Canada Permanent Mortgage Corp.
J. Fyfe Smith & Co., Ltd.
Diamond Vale Collieries, Ltd.
David Spencer, Ltd.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co.
Merchants Bank of Canada.
Paterson, Chandler & Stephen.
Stewart, Andrew
Stewart,  F.  R	
Stirrett, A. C	
Stocking, S. B.	
Stone, H. A	
Storey, Jonathan -
Stuart, J. D	
Swales, F. S	
Sweeney, C	
Swinford,  H	
Tamura,   S.
Taylor, A. J. T..
Taylor, S. S.--
Teetzel, A. L	
Tepoorten, J. A	
Tolmie, W. A	
Thompson, N. —
Thomson.  J.   B	
Thorn, J. C	
Tisdall,  C.  E	
Tulk, A.  E	
Tupper, Sir C. H.-
Turnbull, J. D	
Turquand, W. A.
Canadian Bank of Commerce.
E. H.  Heaps  & Co.,  Ltd.   (Liquidation).
Marwick, Mitchell, Peat & Co.
F. R. Stewart & Co., Ltd.
Credit Foncier, Franco-Canadian Co.
Pacific  Steamship   Co.
Gault Brothers, Ltd.
Storey  &  Campbell.
Clarke & Stuart Co., Ltd.
Bank of Montreal.
Northern  Pacific Railway.
Tapan & Canada Trust Savings Co.
The Taylor Engineering Co., Ltd.
Taylor,   Harvey,   Grant,   Stockton   &
Smith.
Macpherson & Teetzel.
J.  A.  Tepoorten,  Ltd.
Alfred Shaw,_ Tolmie & Co.
Cammell, Laird & Co.
James Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Tisdalls, Ltd.
A. E. Tulk & Co.
Tupper & Bull.
Turnbull   Bros.
Manager Hotel Vancouver. 14
Vancouver Board of Trade
LIST  OF  MEMBERS-Continued.
YEAR
NAME
FfRM
] 917	
Turnev   H   T	
Wallace Shipyards-
Mutual Life of Canada.
Vancouver Machinery Dept.
British    Columbia   Electric
Co., Ltd.
C. Gardner-Johnson Co.
Wallace Shipyards, Ltd.
W. A. Ward & Co.
Weeks & Co.
London  Grocery Co., Ltd.
University of British  Colun
B. C. Sulphite Fibre Co., L
Harrison & White.
Canadian Pacific Wine Co.,
Wilkinson Co. Ltd.
Williams & Co., Ltd.
Bank of Ottawa.
P. Burns & Co., Ltd.
R. V. Winch & Co., Ltd.
G. J. Wonder & Co.
McPhillips & Wood.
Woodward  Department  Stc
343 Water St.
Smith, Davidson & Wright,
Imperial Tobacco Co.
Webb,   Read,   Hegan,   Cafti
Co.
1911—-
Twiss   W. J.	
.
1893—
1912—
Tvtler   Wm   	
ITshtirnP    &    K	
1915—
1909—
Van   Roggen,   M.
Wa^p v r.	
A.
1916—
Walkem, G   A	
1915—
Walker, E. E.	
Railway
1916—
Walton, W  H	
1912
Wallace  A  	
1908- -
1912—
Wallbridge, A. H-
Walsh   W. H 	
1915—
1916—■
i Ward, W. A	
1903—
Watson, H. H	
1916—
Weeks, A. C. J	
1914—
Welsh, F W	
1913—
W«t    T      	
1917—
1912—
Wesbrook, Dr. F.
Whalpn    W   H	
F.
ibia.
td.
1916—
White, H. G	
1912—
Wliitplaw    P     	
Ltd.
1916—
1916—
1915—
1913 —
Wilkinson, Frank
Williams, Alfred -
Williamson, A. T.
Wilson,   a.  W	
L.
1912—
Wilson, T.  P	
1916—
Wilson,   J.   W	
1915—
1904—
Wilson,  W. J.  Blake
Winch.  P.   V	
1913—
1916—
Wilfe-Merton, B.
Wonder.   C%    T 	
G.-
1916—
Wood, H. S	
1899—
Woods, J. G	
1916—
1917—
' Woodward, Chas	
Wootten, H	
)res.
1916—
1909—
Worth ington,
Dr.   Geo.   H.
Ltd.
1916—
1913
Wyndham, T. W.	
ngham   &
1 Annual Report, 1916-1917
THIRTIETH ANNUAL  MEETING
OF the
VANCOUVER BOARD OF TRADE
MARCH  13TH, 1917
PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS
To the Members of the Vancouver Board, of Trade:
Gentlemen:
In terminating my duties as President of this Board, I
have pleasure in placing before you a brief review of the
commercial and trade conditions of Canada generally, and
of British Columbia and Vancouver in particular.
This is the third annual address of the President of this
Board to be presented since the outbreak of the terrible war
now devastating Europe, in which the greater part of the
civilized world is in deadly conflict. I believe it is the concensus of opinion that the present year will witness the
termination of hostilities and that the Allies will emerge
triumphant and that democracy and international honor will
prevail against Prussian militarism and despotic power.
Canada has demonstrated to the world at large her implicit
loyalty to the mother land, not only by freely giving her
"young manhood in her defense, but by subscribing to the
first war loan floated in Canada, which was during the past
year more than twice oversubscribed, patriotism and
national zeal causing our people to respond to the call of the
Empire in a way which could not be mistaken.
Notwithstanding this terrible war and a comparatively
small harvest; Canada has prospered during 1916. The
present struggle has created a war prosperity, the greater
share of which has been enjoyed by Eastern Canada and
the United States. It has changed at least for a time the
position of the money markets of the world. A war which
by next August will have cost over 79 billion dollars, and 16
Vancouver Board of Trade
which has prostrated to a large extent the industries of jj
some of the greatest producing nations, could not help but-
generally upset and shift the currency channels of the commercial world. Almost every department of trade, commerce and manufacture has been affected by the abnormal
demand1 made-by the Allies, not only for the products of the
farm, but for the products of the mine, and as a consequence
there has been marked improvement in the development of
III natural resources of the country. The great demand
for our copper, nickel, zinc, antimony and lead, as well as-
wool, pulp, paper, wheat and other natural resources has
generally forced development, stimulated research and en-,
hanced values, and has thereby aided greatly in enlarging
returns and producing prosperity. While Eastern Canada,
as you are aware, has been materially and beneficially affected owing to the war and hundreds of millions of dollars
have reached the coffers of Eastern manufacturers and business men, it is just possible that with the close of strife
Eastern Canada will be most detrimentally affected through
the dislocation of business, due to peace, while British
Columbia should maintain her commercial position uninfluenced by such reaction.
Speaking from an Imperial standpoint, Lloyd George,
Premier of Great Britain, with characteristic foresight and
decision, has convened an imperial conference. At this
Conference, it is expected that every arm of the British
Empire will be represented and have a voice in its deliberations.
Mr. Lloyd George, speaking of the objects of this
Imperial Conference in a recent interview, said: "I do not
wish to interfere in any way with the affairs of any great
self governing Dominion, but we took the step of urgently
inviting the Premiers of the Dominion to London in spite
of the fact that it,might cause much inconvenience locally,
because we desired their advice, aid and assistance in coming to decisions about the conduct of the war and the negotiation of peace. The people of the Dominion know that I
am not a Jingo, my record contains no journeys into flamboyant imperialism, yet I regard this conference as marking the beginning of a new epoch in the history of the
Empire. The war has changed us, Heaven knows it has
taught us more than we yet understand. It has opened a
new age for us, and we want to go into that new age to- Annual Report, 1916-1917
gether, with our fellows overseas. Just as we have come
through the darkness together, and shed our blood and
treasure together.
From the point of view of constitutional reconstruction
it is too soon to talk about what is to be done after the
war, but I can say this: Things can never be,the same after
the war as they were before it. Five democracies, all parts
of one Empire, cannot shed their blcod and treasure with a
heroism and disregard of cost, which have been beyond all
praise, without leaving memories of comradeship, and of
great accomplishment which will never die. If we see the'
war through I am certainly sanguine about the future of the
Empire. It is not to be supposed that the great combination of peoples who make up the Empire can have stood
steadfastly together with their allies, in order to discredit
and overthrow the most brutal and inhuman machine for
the destruction of human liberties which the world has- ever
seen, and not have discovered a new bond of unity, and a
new ground of friendship. We stand at this moment on
the verge of the greatest liberation which the world has
seen since the French Revolution, and the peoples who
have stood together and staked literally everything to
bring that liberation about, will undoubtedly find some
way of perpetuating that unity afterwards on an equal
basis."
This interview with the Prime Minister of England
will remain if I am not very much mistaken, as a white
milestone in the history of the British Empire. It closes
an old epoch. It opens a new, and just as the mingled
blood of Celt and Saxon made possible the British race, so
from the mingled blood of the Motherland and her overseas Dominions will spring a broader and a happier democracy.
Thus you will see that in the fiscal and commercial reorganization of the Empire after the War, Canada, Britain's
chief colony, will take a leading part, and the Boards of
Trade of Canada will, as I stated in my inaugural address
on m3r election to the Presidency, be called upon to watch
and advise in that re-organization and you will need to be
alert and ready to offer counsel where it is necessary.
Turning to the Province of British Columbia, I find
that a more optimistic feeling is abroad than during the
last year, and that business houses, wholesale and retail, 18
Vancouver Board ojf Trade
have more confidence as to the future, and are expecting
that 1917 will be a year of success and prosperity.
Fisheries.
The Fisheries of British Columbia, as far as the salmon
pack is concerned, amounted to 995,065 cases, somewhat
less than the pack of the last three years, but good prices*
were obtained for the product. This is the year of the large
run and it is anticipated that 1917 may be the banner year
of the salmon history of this country.
v The halibut catch for the year 1916 in the province of
British Columbia amounted to 26,629,395 lbs., 6,500,000 lbs.
represented the Vancouver catch, 850,000 lbs. the amount
imported into Steveston, and 18,926,395 lbs. that imported
into Prince Rupert. This industry is an important factor
in the fish wealth of our province, but has a somewhat precarious development owing to the uncertain legislation at
Washington treating with the export of halibut to the
United States through Canadian channels.
Lumber.
The lumber cut during 1916 was less than 1 billion feet,
but at the present time every operating mill on the coast is
working almost to its capacity, while during the reconstruction period after the war it seemed evident that our great
wealth of timber shall continue to be one of the best assets
of our province.
Mines.
One of the greatest developments of British Columbia
during 1916 has been made in the output of the mines. The
value of the whole mineral production of British Columbia
during 1915 was less than 30 million dollars, while the
estimated value for 1916 is over 43 million dollars, or an
approximate increase of 50 per cent. This represents an
unprecedented expansion which, I believe, can be maintained
through wise and liberal legislation at Victoria, directed to
the aid of the most important branch of our natural resources.
Agriculture.
The agricultural production of British Columbia last
year aggregated $34,000,000, or $3,000,000 more than in 1915.
Hay and grain totalled $10,000,000, as also did live stock. Annual Report, 1916-1917
19
Fruit crops in excess of consumption, totalled $2,000,000
compared with $1,642,000 in 1915. B. C. imports of soil
products still amounts to nearly $20,000,000, almost the
whole of which should be produced in this country.
Statistics.
I do not wish to inflict upon you too many statistics,
but I would like to point out to the members of the Board
that every department of trade during 1916, as far as Vancouver is concerned, shows up to advantage in comparison
with the year 1915.
Building Permits.
Our building permits during the past year totalled 434,
with an aggregate value of $2,412,543, while in 1915 there
were 612 permits, with a total value of $1,593,279.
Bank Returns.
The bank returns were $321,585,736 in 1916, while those
of 1915 were $283,603,563.
Customs Receipts.
The customs receipts at the port of Vancouver totalled
$6,085,164.07 in 1916 in comparison with $4,721,807.51 in
1915.
Inland Revenue.
The Inland Revenue collected during 1916 was $694,-
751.99 as compared with $518,966.58 in 1915.
Post Office.
The Post Office returns totalled $605,714 during 1916,
while those of 1915 were $553,056.
Shipping.
The registered net tonnage of shipping at the Port of
Vancouver in the year 1916 amounted to 10,504,918 tons,
while that in 1915 was 9,942,197 tons. In this tonnage is
represented a large increase in our sea going freight in spite
of the scarcity of vessels' owing to the war. A great deal of
this enhanced tonnage was obtained through our trade with
Russia.   This will necessarily decline when peace is de- 20
Vancouver Board of Trade
clared, but other avenues of trade will then appear .and the
tonnage entering and clearing from the port of Vancouver
cannot be much depreciated.
Shipbuilding.
My report would be incomolete if I did not make
reference to a new and apparently permanent industry
established in Vancouver during 1916. I refer to that of
shipbuilding. There are in contemplation and in process of
building six 8,800-ton steel vessels by Messrs. J. Coughlan
& Sons, and several smaller steel vessels and six wooden
schooners at Wallace Shipyards. These vessels entail an
expenditure of nearly 10,000,000 dollars which will be disbursed during the next two years, a great percentage of
which will be expended in wages.
Your Board has just passed through one of the most
successful years in its history. Eighty new members joined the organization during the year, and its finances are in
excellent condition. Its activities have been directed along
lines of great interest and value to the city and province.
ihe members of its standing committees have in many
;ases given a great deal of their time during business hours.
in treating with questions fraught with interest to our
citizens. 'Some of the principal matters which received
their attention were the increase of freight rates- on
commodities reaching Vancouver through our railways; the
establishing of smelters and refineries to treat our ores in
British Columbia; the protection of our Port from undue
taxation; the nationalization of our harbor, for which a
committee has been chosen to interview the government at
Ottawa on the Premier's return from Great Britain; the
levelopment and improvement of our highways; the expedition of.the work of our law courts; customs rulings of the'
department; the appointment of a Canadian Customs officer
at New York; the early comoletion of the Pacific & Great
Eastern Railway; the establishment of a Mining Course in
the University of British Columbia which has already
given assurance of practical usefulness and success; the
co-operation of our Board with the Faculty and Senate of
the University in establishing a faculty of Commerce and
the endowment of a chair for that purpose, the latter of
which has about reached the position of being virtually assured, and many other matters which I have not time to
discuss further, in this short address. Annual Report, 1916-1911;
Your Board has entertained many distinguished visitors during 1916 and placed its quarters at the disposal of
the Dominions' Royal Commission when on its recent visit
to our city for the purpose of investigating the natural re-'
sources of the province. Many members of your Board
gave evidence before this commission, which evidence will
be issued in Blue Book form at an early date.
I regret to have to refer to the fact that three past Presidents of the Board have died during the year, Messrs. R.
H. Alexander, John Hendry and H. McDowell, while several members of the Board have passed to the Great Beyond.-
In closing this address, I would like to make special
reference to the manner in which the Secretary and staff
have attended to the work of the Board. They are certainly
to be congratulated on the amount of work they have so
satisfactorily disposed of. I also refer with pleasure to the
excellent work of your Council and the harmony which has
prevailed at our meetings. In resigning the reins of office to
my successor after a year of strenuous but pleasant association with the Board, I bespeak for him the same earnest
support of the Council and members of the Board as I have
received, and wish him every success in dealing with the
many problems which may confront him. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, BRITISH COLUMBIA. YEARS 1916-1915
DESCRIPTION
Horses	
Beef Cattle	
Dairy Cattle	
Sheep	
Swine	
Unit
No.
Quantity
HOME  PRODUCTION
1916
1916
Total Live Stock.......
Beef and Veal	
Port and Pork Products.
Mutton	
Lard	
Meats (Canned)	
Value
$2,275,000
Quantity
Value 1
$2,247,600
3,S76,(i(jfa
2,160,0Q|
350,000
465 375
3,116,685
2,376,000
437,500
497,951
$8,703,136
$8,797 .875
It)
11,700.000 $1,263,600 14,320,000 $1,575,200
702,000 108,000 1,457,370 167,598
204,000 34,272 937,500 121,875
Total Meats  12,606,000   $1,405,872 ■ 16,714,870   $1,864,673
Poultry »    lb
Eggs Doz.
3,356,400    $   738,408
4,531,140      1,585,899
2,154,000   $   301,560
3,877,200      1,163,160
Total Poultry and Eggs	
Butter    It)
Cheese     "
Milk (as Fresh) : Gals.
Total Dairy Products	
Apples    lb
Other Tree Fruits     "
Small Fruits     "
Fruits & Vegetables (Canned) (n.o.p.)
  $2,324,307
1,811/292 $   696,116
18,000 3,960
9,113,500 2,551,780
  $1,464,720
1,760,998 $   650,540
10,000 -2,<I|
8,963,500 2,381,800
$3,251,856
$3,034,340
54,264,022 $1,286,633 39,934,337    $   944,623
7,943,622 287,520 12,207,763        334,441
3,780,694 368,529 3,35'9,9<34        363,336
  200,000 See Raw Fruit
Total Fruits, etc  65,988,338   $2,142,682    55,502,034    $1,642,300
Potatoes Tons
Other Vegetables (n.o.p.)....    "
Vegetables (Canned)     lb
72,709    $1,844,622
79,097      1,654,333
77,272    $1,643,248
72,454      1,419,844
Total Vegetables      151,806   $3,4>98,956
Hay Tons
Fodder, Corn and Kales      "
Total Fodders	
Whole Grains    Bu.
Agricultural Seeds.	
Mill Stock Feed .?..... Tons
Malt   Bu.
Flax      "
Flour - Bbls.
338,801    $5,596,094
38,987 137,742
149,726    $3,063,092
422,322   $5,791,293
22,130        107,990
Total Grains, etc	
Honey     lb
Nursery Stock     "
Hops     "
Total Miscellaneous-
Indians	
Grand Totals.
372,788
4,495,047
$5,733,836
$3,292,159
444,4521
6,585,508
$5,899,283
$3,626,330
305
793
$3,292,952
$     45,600
50,000'
260,892
$3,626,330
240,000
200,000
$    30,000
58,778
1,134,315
860,580
143,430
$   356,492
$1,549,069
$   232,208
$1,502,980
$32,259,157
$31,127,801 Annual Report, 1916-191?
23
AGRICULTURAL   IMPORTS   FROM   OTHER   PROVINCES   IN   CANADA
INTO   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.   YEARS    1916-1915
DESCRIPTION Unit
Horses  No.
Beef Cattle      "
Dairy Cattle     "
Sheep     "
Swine	
Total Live Stock	
Beef and Veal  lb
Pork and Pork Products  "
Mutton  "
Lard  "
Meats (Canned)  "
1916
Juantity Value
13,234 $1,048,140
350 28,700
13,254 122,886
60,908 1,151,194
1915
Quantity Value
No Returns
16,689    $1,297,203
800 66,288
31,333 217,498
82,197      1,368,840
  $2,350,920
5,504,367 $   799,239
7,867,132 1,538,747
338,335 65,051
2,234,2821 346,530
202,122 33,191
$2,949,829
3,255,096 $   367,466
9,736,550 1,540,287
1,221,425 176,290
1,677,498 213,249
132,975 25,630
Total Meats 16,146,188    $2,782,758    16,0'23,544    $2,322,922
Poultry    lb
Eggs - Doz.
Total Poultry Products	
1,3&9,181    $   214,046
1,682,950        798,086
1,0-93,468    $   148,129
1,474,978 683,878
$1,012,132
832,007
Butter.    lb
Cheese.    "
Milk (as Fresh) Gals.
Total Dairy Products _	
Apples  lb
Other Tree Fruits  "
Small Fruits  "
Canned Fruits & Vegetables "
7,865,360-   $2,466,611
1,674,322 484,578
'544,066        178,891
5,666,679 $1,509,554
1,384,882 307,864
1,384,783 454,039
$3,130,080
,271,457
4,273,110    $   276,435
No Returns
No Returns
No Returns
2,893,101    $   168,970
Total Fruits    4,273,110   $  276,435
Potatoes Tons          	
Other Vegetables     "   	
2,893,101    $   168,970
No Returns
No Returns
Total Vegetables	
Hay Tons
Whole Grains  Bu.
Agricultural Seeds	
Mill Stock Feed Tons
Flour * Bbls.
Flax  Bu.
Malt	
Total Grains, etc.
Honey.	
Hops	
lb
Total Miscellaneous.
Grand Totals.	
11,821
2,611,375
230,968
$1,891,334
10,316
2,274,717
175,367
$1,710,067
171,477
21,785
336,519
531,686
1,994,384
19,644
364,593
557,2169
2,110,459
160,009
197,978
169,310
208,618
$4,615,381
$       1,301
$4,757,890
5,503
94,874
2,898
$     14,786
579
$       1,301
$     15,365
$14,399,965
$13,493,807 24
Vancouver Board op Trade
AGRICULTURAL   PRODUCTS   IMPORTED   FROM   FOREIGN   POINTS
INTO   BRITISH    COLUMBIA
1916
DESCRIPTION Unit     Quantity Value
Horses  No.              104 $    10,335
Beef Cattle  "
Dairy Cattle  "                 482 17,983
Sheep  I            26,598 109,801
Swine  "      See Pork 	
1915
Quantity Value -M
24    $ 2,213
212 5,760
24,466
97,105.
Total Live Stock..
$   138,119
105,071
Beef and Veal	
Pork and Pork Products.
Mutton	
Lard	
Meats (Canned)	
lb
328,474
1,897,815
1,927,324
453,712
Total Meats-
Poultry     lb
Eggs  Doz.
Total Poultry Products	
4,607,326-
628,918
Butter    lb
Cheese     "
Milk (as Fresh) Gals.
Total Dairy Products	
Apples	
Other Tree Fruits	
Small Fruits	
Canned Fruits	
1,476,472
198,906
lb
4,884,120
2,749,887
1,037,842
2,494,083
Total Fruits  11,165,932
Potatoes Tons 330
Other Vegetables (n.o.p.)... 	
Canned Vegetables     tb      1,760,296
Total Vegetables..
Hay Tons
Whole Grains    Bu.
Malt      I
Flour  Bbls.
Total Grains, etc	
Honey	
Hops	
Nursery (Stock..
lb
Total Miscellaneous.
Grand Totals :	
2,710'
231,215
2,716
13,724
$
33,981
286,937
310,307
49,314
72,643
211,284
733,833
2,770,221
271,124
73,877
$
19,377
112,228
323,955
27,812
19,383
$
$
763,182
21,051
146,808
4,060,3319
126,521
562,399
?
502,754
17,713
119,877
$
167,859
430,885
44,533
$
$1
137,590
3,970,528
452,938
,010,723
70,940
$
476,418
99,057
99,774
62,879
143,871
$1
$
,081,6#
?
8,494,800
2,976,109
-L268,563
1,179,7531
130,297
74,502
74,681
59,610
$
$
405,581
13,248
230,617
103,062
13,919,226
416
$
$
339,090
12,4^7
156,295
096,466
46,987
$
346,927
36,966
425,586
2,497
$
215,702
$
$
4,029
528,850
44,611
479,531
14,704
$
428,083
13,932
2,372
11,268
$
$
494,235
$
90,839
19,276
7,728
3,459
9,253
$
27,572
$
20,440
$2
,703,697
$2,941,163   Annual Eeport, 1916-1917
BRITISH   COLUMBIA  FOREIGN   SHIPMENTS   FOR  YEAR   1916
Australia     2,162,657 M. Ft
New Zealand      28-6,421
West Coast      627,418
China     3,055,045
Japan    :  3,042,690
|§outh Sea Islands      9-9-1,308
U. K. and Continent 19,80-1,62-9
Africa   10,114,885
Russia        39,816
40,111,869 M. Ft.
APPROXIMATE  FIGURES OF PRODUCTION, SHIPMENTS AND
STOCKS OF LUMBER
For Year 1916—Compared With 1915.    Million  Million
Feet Feet
1915 1916
Coast Mfrs     428 630
Mountain Mfrs.      165 260
Spruce Mfrs., Alberta nad-Saskatchewan (estimated)..    140 125
Pine Mfrs. (estimated)...:.     100
823 1,015
Lumber -Shipments—By Rail—
Coast Mfrs     300 506
Mountain Mfrs     262 330
Spruce Mfrs., Alberta and Saskatchewan (estimated)..    160 145
Pine Mfrs. (estimated)     120
Local Sales, Coast Mfrs       98 112
940 1,093
Foreign Shipments—(By Water)—
Coast Mfrs .-.       36 40
1,010 1,133
Imported from the United States Into the Four
Western Provinces—
Lumber  «,       15 15
Lath          1 1
Shingles         4 1
Stocks on Hand 31st December, 1916—
Coast Mfrs.       205 177
Mountain Mfrs     136 66
Spruce Mfrs., Alberta and Saskatchewan (estimated)..     80 60
Pine Mfrs. (estimated)       75        	
496 303        Annual Keport, 1916-1917
PORT   OF  VANCOUVER, B. C.
Fiscal Year Endinq March 31st, 1916
Seagoing Vessels—Inwards with Cargoes
No.
Tons Reg.
FREIGHT
Tons Wgt.
Tons. Mst.
Crews
British	
199
560
465
444,115
801,386
497,794
128,0-64
64,871
412,980
92,049
117
53,127
14,441
29,812
16,423
Canadian	
Foreign	
Total
1,224
1,743,295
60-5,915
145,293
60,675
Seagoi
ng Vessels—Inwards in Ballast
British	
30
130
97
49,239
2-3,088
47,997
1,927
1,119
Canadian	
Foreign	
1,559
Total	
257
120,284
4,605
Seagoing
Vessels—Outwards with Cargoes
British	
' 424
116
■   27-5
694,314
163,574
300,7i2i3
78,073
24,206
106,040
100,520
11,921
27,633
32,9®8
Canadian	
Foreign	
6,202
11,090
Total	
815
1,158,611
208,3-18
140,074
50,230
Seagoir
ig Vessels—Outwards in Ballast
British	
73
142
282
11-9,152
45,357
242,0166
4,484
Canadian	
1,271
Foreign	
6,272
Total	
437
406,574
12,027
Coasting Trade—Inwards
Steamers
7,337
409
2,698,372
363,474
149,544
Barques ch..
1,948
Total
7,746
3,061,846
151,492
C
oasting Trade—Outwards
Steamers..
7,643
412
3,087,146
364,441
153,969
1,953
Barques   .
Total
. 8,065
3,451,587
155,922
Grand Tota)
18,594
9,942,197
814,233
285,367
434,951 34
Vancouver Board op Trade
PORT  OF VANCOUVER, B. C.
Fiscal Year Ending March 31st, 1917
No.
Tons Reg.
FREIGHT
Tons Wgt.
Tons Mst.
Crews
British	
205
560
463
544,878
81i2,386
521,259
197,435
83,614
532,443
161,751
33,861
82,991
258,603
21,447
Canadian
Foreign	
30,450
14,219
Total	
1,228
1,878,5122'
813,492
66,116
Seagoing Vessels—Inwards in Ballast
British	
22
133
137
46,928
'   16,2716
74,133
1,792
Canadian	
927
Foreign	
2,123
Total	
292
136,33i7
4,842
Seagoinc
Vessels—Outwards with Cargoes
British	
412
192
287
712,988
303,768
2719,061
122,082
62,108
204,852
13-6,571
31,616
63,340
37,369
Canadian..
Foreign	
11,581
10,331
Total    -
89-1
1,2,95,817
389,042
231,527
59,281
Seagoing Vessels—Outwards in Ballast
British	
45
153
30-3'
95,936
35,197
307,685
438,812
3,62©
Canadian	
1,465
Foreign	
6,166
Total t
501
11,247
Coasting Trade—Inwards
Steamers	
8,683
810
2,670,364
685,686
166,028
Barques	
3,861
Total	
9,498
3,35-6,050-
1-59,889
Coasting Trade—Outwards
Steamers.!...
8,986
810
2,944,768
685,688
158,211
Barques	
3,861
Total	
9,79>6
3/630,446
162,072
Grand Total
22,20-1
10,735,984
1,202,534
49-0,130
463,447 Annual Report, 1916-1917
35
SHIPPING
The following are the regular lines in operation:
The Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, Ltd.—Trans-
Atlantic lines comprise the Canadian Pacific and Allan Lines.
Canadian Pacific ships operating at present on the
Atlantic are the S. S. Missanabie and S. S. Metagama.
The Allan Line ships operating are the S. S. "Scandinavian," "Corinthian," "Sicilian," Pretorian," and "Carthaginian."
Trans-Pacific lines to China and Japan and Manila
with the S. S. "Empress of Russia," "Empress of Asia,"
"Empress of Japan" and "Monteagle."
The Canadian-Australasian Royal Mail Steamship
Line (operated by the Union S. S. Co., of New Zealand,
Ltd.) comprising the new steamer "Niagara" and "Makura,"
gives a four-weekly service to Honolulu (Hawaiian Islands),
Suva (Fiji), Auckland (N. Z.), and Sydney (Australia),
with connections to all other New Zealand, Australian and
Tasmanian ports. This company also operates cargo
steamers at short intervals from Vancouver and other
Pacific Coast ports to New Zealand and Australian ports.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Company's British Columbia Coast Steamship Service:
The: following are the regular lines at present in
operation :■
Vancouver-Victoria double daily mail service in connection with the transcontinental railway comprising
S.S. "Princess Adelaide," S.S. "Princess Charlotte,"
S. S. "Princess Alice," and S. S. "Princess Mary."
In connection with the three-funnel twin-screw steamers, S. S. "Princess Charlotte," and S.S. "Princess Victoria," make double daily service to and from Vancouver,
Victoria and Seattle.
The new steamer, "Princess Margaret," built for the
above lines, has been taken over by the Admiralty.
The Turbine steamer, "Princess Patricia," operates a
summer months' double daily service between Vancouver
and Nanaimo, continuing one round' trip per day during
the winter . 36
Vancouver .Board op Trade
The S. S. Charmer plies between Vancouver, Nanaimo,.
Union Bay, Comox and Powell River, making three trips
weekly.
The S. S. "Princess Alice" and S. S. "Princess Sophia"
sail every week to Skagway, calling at Alert Bay, Prince
Rupert, Ketchikan, Wrangell and Juneau. In July only,
service is increased by operation of S. S. "Princess Charlotte," which, with the S.S. "Princess Alice" and S. S.
"Princess Sophia," give a bi-weekly service, with sailings
from Vancouver every Wednesday and Saturday.
The S.S. "Princess Ena," carrying freight, makes
regular sailings between Vancouver and all coast points on
the mainland and on Vancouver Island, also making connections for Skidegate and other points on Queen Charlotte
Islands.
The S. S. "Princess May" operates weekly to Prince
Rupert and Granby Bay, calling at East Bella Bella, Swan-
son Bay, Claxton, Butedale, Port Simpson, Port Nelson
(Naas River), Wales Island.
The S. S. "Princess Beatrice" operates weekly to Ocean
Falls,   with  fortnightly  service  to   Surf  Inlet,   calling  at
Powell  River,   Campbell   River,  Quathiaski   Cove,   B'ljirJ||
Channel, Alert Bay, Sointula, Port Hardy, Shushartie Bay,
Rivers Inlet Canneries, and Nanra.
The S. S. "Princess Maquinna" makes a weekly service
between Victoria and West Coast of Vancouver  Island,,
going to end' of Island every alternate trip.
Tugs "Nanoose," "Qualicum" and "Nitinat" tow car
ferry barges, Transfers Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, conveying railway freight cars between Vancouver, Esquimalt, Ladysmith
and Newport.
The Ocean Steamship Co., Ltd., and The China Mutual
Steam Navigation Co., Ltd., (Blue Funnel Line). Local
agents, Dod'well & Co., Limited, operates a four weekly
service between Vancouver and Manila, P. I., via Japan and
China Ports. Owing to the war, the direct service between'
United Kingdom and Vancouver via Panama, has been:
temporarily suspended.
Harrison Direct Line—Local agents, Balfour, Guthrie
&r Co.—operates a direct service between United Kingdom,
ports and Vancouver via Panama Canal.    This line   has Annual Report, 1916-1917
37
been kept in operation during the entire period of the war,
the time between sailings averaging about six weeks. This
service is maintained in spite of the heavy losses endured,
the line having lost 14 vessels sunk by submarines, raiders
and mines, and also despite the heavy demand for its vessels in its Atlantic service.
Pacific Steamship Company (successors to Pacific
Coast Steamship Company and Pacific Alaska Navigation
Company).
Steamers "Admiral Dewey" and "Admiral Schley,"
calling at Vancouver every week in the B. C. Puget Sound-
California service.
Steamers "President" and "Governor," affording quick
passenger and freight service every week between Vancouver and California ports by way of Victoria or Seattle.
Steamers "Umatilla" and "Queen," affording weekly
service between Vancouver and California ports by way of
Seattle.
Steamers "Spokane" and "City of Seattle," Vancouver- \
South-eastern Alaska service, by way of Seattle.
Steamers "Admiral Farragut," "Admiral Watson" and
"Admiral Evans"—Vancouver-Southwestern Alaska service, by way of Seattle. :YC'
Vancouver to Nome, St. Michaels and Kotzebue Sound
ports, service by way of Seattle, during the open season.
Additional freight service is provided between any of
these routes when conditions require same.
Grand  Trunk  Pacific   Coast  Steamship  Co.,  Ltd. —
Operates the three-funnel twin screw 3,500-ton steamers,
S. S. "Prince Rupert" and "Prince George," speed 18>4
knots, in a weekly service between Vancouver, Prince Rupert and Skagway, and bi-weekly service to Prince Rupert
and Anyox, and Vancouver to Victoria and Seattle.
S. S. "Prince John" fortnightly service from Prince
Rupert to Queen Charlotte Island points.
Union Steamship Company of B. C, Ltd., head offices,
Vancouver. Agencies in Prince Rupert and Victoria, affords a weekly service to Ocean Falls, Surf Inlet, Swanson
Bay, Prince Rupert, Anyox, Port Simpson, Port Essington, 38
Vancouver Board of Trade
all canneries on the Skeena.and Naas Rivers, Nanaimo,
Union Bay and Comox. They also provide frequent sailings to Van Anda, Powell River, Lund and Campbell River.
Their fleet consists of the following steamers: T. S. S.
"Chelohsin," T. S. S. "Cowichan," T. S. S. "Venture," S. S.
"Camosun," S. S. "Cheakamus," S. S. "Cassiar," S. S.
"Comox," S. S. "Coquitlam."
These steamers run under contract to the Trade and
Commerce Department and also the Post Office Department for the carriage of mails to all points.
The Terminal Steam Navigation Company, Ltd., operates daily between Vancouver and Howe Sound, S. S.
"Ballena" from Vancouver to Newport and connecting ■
with the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The: S. S.
"Bowena" to Bowen Island, and the S. S. "Britannia" ta
Bowen Island and,way points.
■ East Asiatic Line—Local Agents, C. Gardner Johnson
& Company, has been temporarily suspended owing to the
war.
Halibut Fleets—New England Fish Company operate
out of the port of Vancouver in the halibut fishing, the
S. S. "Manhattan," S. S. "New England," and the auxiliary
power schooners Knickerbocker and Tyee.
The   Canadian   Fishing  Co.,  Ltd.,   operate  the   S. S.
"Celestial  Empire,"  S.S.  "Flamingo,"  S.S.  "Kingsway,"
S. S. "Canada," S. S. "Imbricaria," and the Auxiliary Power
Schooners Pescawha, Emma H., Carlotta G. Fox and Bor-
ealis.
The Robert Dollar Steamship Co. operates a monthly
service from Vancouver to Oriental ports, making calls at
Shanghai, Hongkong, Manila and Vladivostok. The
boats operated on this run comprise the "Hazel Dollar,"
"Harold Dollar," "Bessie Dollar," and two chartered boats.
Russian Volunteer Fleet.—This service has practically
ceased owing to the war.- Three vessels of the fleet visited
the port during the past year connecting with above steamers from Vancouver, with freight and passengers.
S. S. "Prince Albert," fortnightly service from. Victoria, Vancouver to Prince Rupert and the north, calling at
way ports. and cannery ports en route. Annual Report, 1916-1917
39
The Maple Leaf Steamship Company, of New York—
This service during the past year has been very irregular,
owing to the war.
Mosquito Fleet—The local fleet of tugs and barges
required to tow logs and for carrying supplies to and from
the lumber mills and logging camps, and the fleet of fishing
boats and steamers employed in the salmon and deep-sea
fishing, aggregate several thousand tons and are constantly
being increased. 40
Vancouver Board of Trade
DOCKAGE  AND  WAREHOUSE   FACILITIES  ON   SOUTH
SIDE OF   BURRARD   INLET
Canadian Pacific Railway Company:
Total length of existing wharf line     6,440 ft.
Extension Pier "D"     1,3-92
6,732 ft.
Total area of present wharves 537,720 sq. ft.
Extension Pier "D"    89,860
627,580 sq. ft.
Total area of present sheds 262,700 sq. ft.
Extension Pier "D"    76,800
Shed 1     8,250
347,760 sq. ft.
Pier "A"—T7'0 ft. long, 184 ft. wide.
••    »d»—400 ft. long, 150 ft. wide; extension 542 ft.
Total length of pier when extension completed, 942 ft.
Grand Trunk Pacific Steamship Company:
Dock 560 ft. x 100 ft.
Shed 50O ft. x  70 ft.
Capacity...". 35,000 square feet
Great Northern Railway (leased to Balfour, Guthrie & Co.):
Dock 470 ft x 127 ft.
Shed 400 ft x 100 ft.
Capacity *. 40,000 square feet
Great Northern Railway (leased to The Dollar Steamship Co.):
Dock 470i ft. x 107 ft.
Shed 400 ft. x 100 ft.
Capacity 40,000 square feet
C. Gardner Johnson & Co.:
Dock 700 ft. x 120 ft.
Shed 620 ft. x   90 ft.
Capacity 65,800 square feet
Union Steamship Co. of B. C, Ltd.:
Dock 436 ft. x 96 ft.
Capacity 66,086 square feet
New England Fish Co. and Canadian Fishing Co., Ltd.:
Main Dock 180 ft. x 140 ft.
Shed 140 x 110 ft. (Double-decker)
Total Capacity 56,000 square feet
Cold Storage Dock 210' ft. x 136 fit.
•     Shed 180 ft. x  9'6 ft. (4 stories high)
Cold Storage Capacity 6,000,000 lbs. of fish
Government of Canada:
Dock 800 ft. x 300 ft.
Shed 678 ft. x  80 ft.
Capacity 42,000 square feet
Evans, Coleman & Evans:
Pier No. 1—Oock 600 ft. x 91 ft.
Shed 590 ft. x 62 ft.
Capacity 36,680 square feet
Pier No. 2—Dock 733 ft. x 100 ft.
Shed 63'2 ft. x 75 ft.
Capacity 54,865 square feet  Vancouver Board of Trade
STATEMENT   SHOWING   THE VALUE   OF   GOODS
ENTERED  FOR CONSUMPTION AT THE PORT
OF  VANCOUVER AND   VICTORIA
DURING   THE   FISCAL YEAR   ENDING   MARCH   31st. 1916
DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver              Victoria
Ale, Beer and Porter I  $ 49,880   $     17,981
Animals, living  57,593            7,217
Antiseptic Surgical Dressings  11,628            4,069
Bagatelle Tables  499               241
Bags which contained Cement   _
Baking Powder  311
Balls, Cues and Racks for Bagatelle
Tables  135
Baskets  _  6,993
Baths, Bath Tubs, etc  9,762
Belting, all kinds, except rubber and
leather  16,052
Belts, all kinds, n.o.p  1,117
Bells   :  784
Billiard Tables  177
Blacking, Shoe and Shoemaker's Ink  : 12,267
Blinds of wood, metal or other material, except textile or paper  1,015
Blue, Laundry, all kinds  7,495
Boats  .'. '.  1,104
Books, Periodicals and other printed
matter  _  69,270
Boot, Shoe and Stay Laces  5,104
Boots,   Shoes  and   Slippers,   except
rubber and leather  12,455
Braces and Suspenders, and parts of 3,539
Brass and manufactures of   69,587
Breadstuff's, viz.: Arrowroot, Biscuits,
Rice, Macaroni, Sage & Tapioca 131,269
Grain, Flour and Meal  475,096
Bricks,  Tiles  and  manufactures  of
Clay, n.o.p  11,557
British Gum, Sizing, Cream, etc	
Brooms and Brushes „ 22,748            2,554
Buttons    1 „  11,723               993
23
3,642
1,997
3,183
265
62
737
730
50
23,421
246
3,166
968
17,781
18,131
134,800
6,696 Annual Report, 1916-1917
DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver
Candles  2,016
Cane,   Reed   or   Rattan,   Split   and
manufactures of _  1,114
Carriages of all kinds, Railway Cars,
Trucks and parts of  171,123
Carpets, n.o.p  18
Carpet, Linings and Stair Pads  88
Carpet  Sweepers  507
Cash Registers   57
Celluloid, manufactures of  1,930
. Cement   38
Chalk, prepared    927
Charcoal  _  345
Chicory   . 238
Church Vestments (  97
Cider  g .'.  78
Clocks, Clock Cases, Keys and Movements    _  -   9,259
Cloth, coated or sized for manufacture of blue or black print cloth
Clothes Wringers  272
Coal, Bituminous, and Dust  12,449 .
Cocoa Carpeting, Mats and Matting... 540
Cocoanuts   .._ .:  447
Cocoanut, desiccated  7,257
Cocoa Paste, Chocolate Paste, Shells,
Nibs and other preparations  77,322
Coffee, all kinds, n.o.p  234,122
Collars    ,  1,314
Combs, dress and toilet  1,573
Copper and manufactures of.  6,305
Cordage of all kinds. — 21,703
Corks   and   other   manufactures of
corkwood   5,533
Corsets, Clasps, etc  25,942
Costumes and Scenery, Theatrical. * 	
Cotton, manufactures of 388,591
Crape, black   142
Cuffs  -._	
Curtains, made up  3,821 .
Cyclometers and Pedometers  435
Drugs, Dyes, Chemicals, Medicines... 195,574
Earthenware and China — 56,593
Eggs  :   95,554
13
481
15
28,305
50,252
23,615 44                      Vancouver Board of Trade
DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver Victoria
Elastic    1  1,971 1,221
Electric Light Carbons and Points  3,747 562
Electric Apparatus, Motors, etc  61,981 15,358
Embroideries, n.o.p  738 107
Emery Wheels and manufactures of
Emery         8,793 775
Express Parcels   62,470 20,891
Fancy  Goods  69,107 32,986
Feathers, Bed, etc                118
Featherbone  2              	
Fertilizers     2,061               	
Fibreware, n.o.p ~. 828 27
Fireworks  2,314 883
Fish (see Free Goods) -  94,986 27,950
Flax, Hemp, Jute, and manufactures
of  1  74,961 37,979
Foundry Facings  25 38
Fruit and Nuts (see Free Goods)  507,792 117,154
Furniture, wood, iron, or other material   40,010 10,251
Furs and manufactures of furs (see
Free Goods)  5,456 998
Fuses     20,308
Glass and manufactures of  56,461 18,313
Gloves and Mitts  24,982 5,605
Gold, Silver and manufactures of  9,205 2,472
Grease, Axle   6,063 967
Gunpowder and other explosives, etc. 26,438 647
Gutta-percha, Indiarubber and manu- •
factures of  , |  195,238 25,547
Hair and manufactures of  606 477
Hats, Caps and Bonnets  81,618 20,058
Hay   9,642 20,682
Honey  5,877 j 2,228
Hops                 2,230
Ink ._ *.  7,508 1,521
Iron and Steel and manufactures of
(see Free Goods)  1,114,927 252,829
Ivory   52 66
Jellies, Jams and Preserves  23,151 7,053
Jewellery   20,423 4,516
Knitted  Goods  4,018    •       2.567
Launches, pleasure, steam, gasoline
or other motor power  533 690 DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver
Lead and manufactures of  6,678
Leather and manufactures of  215,023
Lime   	
' Lime Juice and other fruits  4,178
Lithographic Stones, not engraved  4
Machine Card Clothing.  	
Magic Lanterns and Slides therefor... 60,190
Malt  6,423
Malt Extract  2,948
Marble and manufactures of :...-  9,494
Mattresses   46
Mats,  door or carriage, other than
metal, n.o.p  	
Metals and manufactures of  73,239
Milk, Condensed and Fresh ;  5,823
Mineral Substances, n.o.p  20,927
Mineral and Aerated Waters  4,159
Mucilage     2,719
Musical Instruments  38,637
Mustard    10,802
Oils, all kinds, n.o.p  766,041
Oiled Cloths of all kinds, Cork, Matting and Linoleum _  18,855
Optical, Philosophical Photographic
and Mathematical Instruments... 9,863
Packages    .'.  100,408
Paints and Colours  17,918
Paintings  in  oils  or  water  colours
and pastels, less than $20.  39
Paper and manufactures of  183,953
Pencils, Lead .'.  8,352
Pens, Penholders and Rulers  3,282
Perfumery, non-alcoholic  15,924
Photographic Dry Plates  4,194
Picture and Photograph Frames  3,746
Pickles    9,836
Plants and Trees  10,235
Plaster of Paris  3,222
Plates, engraved on wood or metal  348
Pocket Books, Purses, etc  9,652
Polish or composition, knife or other 6,080
Pomades  	
Post Office Parcels  70,079
Precious Stones, n.o.p  142 Vancouver Board op Trade
DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver Victoria
Provisions, viz.:
Butter, Cheese and Lard  631,670 158,527
Meats, all kinds  390,871 167,305
Pulleys, Belt, for power _  4,816 253
Regalia and Badges  2,664 834
Ribbons     36,357 7,030
Sails	
Salt (see Free Goods)  15,322 4,517
Sand, Glass, Emery and Flint Paper 1,163 95
Sauces, Catsups and Soy  54,230 10,824
Sausage Casings, cleaned -  2,975 258
Seeds, n.o.p  60,916 21,434
Ships and Vessels, Repairs on  4,200               	
Signs of any material and letters for
.      signs   1,590 493
Silk ancTmanufactures of '.  196,025 27,062
Slate   I ■  719 97
Soaps  64,595 15,875
Spices  65,628 1,870
Spirits   196,895 138,035
Spirits, Wine, non-sparkling  83,980 17,634
Spirits, Wine, sparkling.  3,443 7,252
Sponges    1,297 733
Starch   4,621 2,003
Stockinettes for manufacture of rubber boots   	
Stone and manufactures of  4,800 615
Straw and manufactures of  6,471 1,072
Sugars and 'Syrups  3,188,932 20^073
Sugars, Molasses  9,545 3,351
Sugar Candy and Confectionery  40,682 8,162
Sugar   Glucose,   Saccharine,  Maple
Sugar and Syrup  7,652 117
Surgical Trusses, Pessaries and Suspensory Bandages   2,252 281
Tallow    1,351 9
Tape Lines I _ 74 21
Tea (see Free Goods)  725 250
Tin and manufactures of  32,816 2,978
Tobacco and manufactures of  58,835 5,336
Tobacco Pipes .,... 3,321 909
Trawls and Trawling Spoons  6,401 677
Trunks, Valises, Hat Boxes, etc  1,427"~ 331
Twine, manufactures of  2,354 341 Annual Report, 1916-1917
DUTIABLE GOODS Vancouver
Umbrellas, Parasols and Sunshades... 2,438
Unenumerated articles  41,347
Varnish, Lacquers, Japans, etc  606
Vegetables   156,313
Vinegar  8,803
Waste or Shoddy from cotton, wool,
or other material  8,181
Watches, Watch Cases, Movements,
Glasses, etc  3,905
Wax and manufactures of  5,402
Webbing     330
Whips, Thongs and Lashes.  1,016
Window Cornices and Cornice Poles 1,023
Window Shades and Rollers.  618
Wood and manufactures of  61,934
Wool and manufactures of  388,258
Zinc and manufactures of  230
Damaged Goods  10,330
Total Dutiable Goods $12,443,312
FREE GOODS.
Produce of the Mine.
Clay     $    389
Coal, Anthracite  18
Minerals  J  1,028
Ores  4,909
Diamonds — 	
Salt   ,  38,280
Whiting   159
Other articles .   6,554
Total   $51,337
FISHERIES.
Fish of all kinds  $        5
Fish Oil  ■    |H
Other articles   3,056
Total   $ 3,061 $ 8,458
517
$ 8,975
$    701
48                      Vancouver Board of Trade
FOREST.
Vancouver Victoria
Corkwood       	
Logs   and   round   unmanufactured
timber   $10,952
Lumber  and Timber,   Planks,   etc.,
sawn, not shaped  73,373
Other articles   604
Total   $84,929
ANIMALS AND THEIR PRODUCT.
Animals for improvement of stock  $ 3,319
Bristles   328
Fur Skins, not dressed  4,009            2,065
Grease  38,873          11,674
Hair unmanufactured & Horse Hair 343                 13
Hides and Skins, undressed  29,458               	
Silk, raw -    	
Wool  _ 10,342
Other articles   15,700            7,344
Total  I •  $102,372        $21,797
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.
Broom Corn   $ 11,664
Cocoa Beans, not roasted, crushed or
ground    182               	
Cocoanuts  _  	
Cotton  Wool  or  Raw  Cotton,  not
dyed  2,853           .   ';	
Fibres, Mexican and Vegetable  1,344      $      468
Fruits, green  1  394,712      -   98,696
Hemp and Manila Grass  28
Indian Corn  110,169          63.211
Rice, uncleaned  913,724        214,293
Seeds   2,411               864
Tobacco Leaf for Excise purposes  7,157            3,410
Other articles   9,683            3,319
Total   $1,453,02?      $384,891_ MANUFACTURED AND PARTIALLY MANU-
Asphalt 	
Bells for Churches	
Binder Twine	
Fire Brick   .._ 	
Plaits, Straw, Tuscan and Grass	
Pitch and Tar, Pine	
Coke   .'.	
Duck for belting and hose _	
Drugs, Dyes and Chemicals.	
Fish Hooks, Nets, Seines, etc	
Jute Cloth, Yarns, etc	
Metals:
Brass 	
Copper  	
Iron and Steel 	
Tin..	
Zinc  ......	
Other   	
Oakum  	
Newspapers and Magazines	
Oil Cake Meal and Cotton Seed Cake
and Meal   _	
Molasses	
Nails 	
Oil, Cocoanut and Palm	
Gasoline  .,	
Crude Petroleum 	
Rags and Waste	
Resin or Rosin	
Rubber, Gutta-percha, Crude, etc	
Surgical Instruments, etc	
Yarn, Cotton  	
Other articles  —
41,784
45,848
1,553,037
2,298
8,634
153
14,361
68,737
Total ...._ !   $3,447,264      $518,345 50 Vancouver Board of Trade
MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
Vancouver Victoria
Models of Inventions   $         630 $           82
Paintings in oil or water colours, etc.           3,085 185
Settlers' Effects         143,390 53,324
Tea (see Dutiable)     1,336,850 38,245
Coil and Bullion       265,270 3,392,573
Other articles       621,107 571,532
Total   $2,370,332 $4,055,941
Total Free   $7,513,222 $5,006,059
Total Dutiable  $12,443,312 $2,263,494
Grand Total $19,956,534 $7,269,553 Annual Report, 1916-1917
51
STATEMENT   SHOWING THE VALUE   Op   GOODS
EXPORTED  FROM  THE   PROVINCE  AT   THE
PORTS  OF VANCOUVER, NANAIMO
AND  NEW WESTMINSTER
DURING   THE   FISCAL YEAR   ENDING   MARCH   3IST, .1916
New
The Mine. Vancouver     Nanaimo     West'r
Asbestos    $       33,446    	
Coal    -     $1,764,755    $       1,119
Gold-bearing,   quartz,   dust,   nuggets, etc     2,732,738    	
Felspar 	
Metals, viz.—
Copper,  fine,   contained  in  ore,
matte,  regulus,  etc     1,457,671 16,710
Lead-pig  7,435    --	
Silver, metallic, contained in ore,
concentrates,  etc        744,727    	
Ores    - -	
Other ~  3,405    	
Sand and Gravel  -'-	
Stone, unwrought   6,631    	
Other articles    305    	
4,720
2,108
168,628
5,852
3,156
Halibut,
Herring,
Total „ $ 4,986,358
The Fisheries.  ~~
Codfish,   including   haddock,   ling
and pollock, fresh  $
Codfish, dry salted 	
smoked 	
fresh  	
fresh or frozen 	
pickled   	
canned   	
''        smoked 	
Seafish, other, fresh  ------l	
preserved  ~	
Smelts	
Fish, preserved 	
Oysters, fresh  —
Lobsters, canned	
Salmon, fresh 	
smoked 	
$1,781,465
186,090
144
3,580
984
8,281
39
135,958,
22,271
3,677
1,290
255
200
85,205
Fish,
Fish
2,366
  228
■  2,271
297
  115
  8,133
  23
canned     3,824,084
dog     14,390
pickled     23,212
other, fresh    • 361
  621
Other articles
3,965
9,134
46,764
96
1,146
1,389
18,360
1,089
76,154
70
1,011
4,889
226
1,266
15,183
~V7
58,371
155,530
23,926
193
26,480
53
Total  - $ 4,052,634   $   145,250
385,343 52
Vancouver Board of Trade
The Forest. Vancouver
Firewood 	
Logs, cedar, capable of being made
into shingle bolts $
Logs,  hemlock   	
"     spruce 	
all   other   	
Lumber, viz:—
Laths   	
. Pickets 	
Planks and boards 	
Shingles   	
Shooks 	
Staves, other and heading	
All other lumber, n. e. s.	
Masts and spars 	
Piling  	
Poles,   hop,  hoop,  telegraph  and
other 	
Shingle Bolts	
Posts and railway ties  9,363
Timber, square 	
New
Nanaimo     West'r
    $        1,350
133,968
24,200
15,584
7,146
4,660
3,140
376,647
70,753
42,493
12,008
2,095
150
11,442
4,010
$   384,611
71,084
20,549
56,680
8,757
5,678
12,896
5,575-
71,239
7,401
403,800
591,511
2,326;
940
2,133
19,739
1,564
25,176
51,161
1,191
Total     $     717,659    $   552,310    $1,193,051'
Animals and Their Produce.
Animals, horses, over 1 year old $        2,630
cattle,  over 1  year  old    	
Poultry     443
All other   707
Bones      2,062
Butter   83,295
Cheese  7,330
Cream and milk, condensed    18,442
Eggs    71
Furs, dressed   1,129
Furs,  undressed     11,128
Glue  Stock   4,248
Hair    '.  970
Hides   and   skins   other   than   fur 125,503
Horns and hoofs   913
Honey     25
Meats, viz.—
Bacon  	
Beef   644
Hams     3,218
Pork     2,229
Poultry, dressed or undressed 1,307
Canned   1,026
All other, n. e. s  136
Sausage casings  -^  3,866
Sheep Pelts   4,506
4,890
16,150
1,329
1,916
40,723
33,354
4,023
28,987 Annual Report. 1916-1911;
53
Meats (Continued)
Tails   	
Tallow   	
Wool  -	
Other articles 	
Total 	
Vancouver
438
2,166
3,688
275
Nans
Agricultural Products.
Fruits, viz.—
Apples, green or ripe I $
Berries of all kinds	
Canned or Preserved 	
All other, n. e. s	
Grain, and Products of, viz.—
Wheat 	
Bran   	
Flour of Wheat	
Cereal Foods, prepared, all kinds
Hay   	
Hops 	
Maple Sugar 	
.Seeds -	
Trees, "Shrubs and Plants	
Vegetables, viz.—
Canned or preserved 	
Potatoes 	
All other vegetables -	
Other Articles 	
Total   	
Manufactures.
Agricultural Implements, viz.:
Mowing Machines	
Harvesters   	
Hay   Rakes    ,	
All other 	
Parts   of   	
Binder  Twine  	
Books, pamphlets, maps, etc.—
Biscuits and bread 	
Brushes of all kinds 	
■ Cement    H	
New
West'r
20,717
161
282,395    $     $   152,259
87,437
868
3,243
40,720
20,969
602,210
8.728
3,633
31,850
953
198
14,916
13,638
10,191
903
14,446
9,915
17,392
808
63
10
Clothing and wearing apparel  229,884
Confectionery     1,242
Cordage, rope and twine   23,760
Cotton   fabrics     26
Cottons, other   6,255
Calcium   Carbide  1,008
Gum Chicle   2,664
Senega Root   1,739
6,000
801,771 $  $  16,377
393
94
3,664
99
8,886
227 54
Vancouver Board of Trade
Manufactures (Continued)
Vancouver
Drugs,     Chemicals     and     Medicines, n. e. s  10,737
Dyestuffs      291
Earthenware and manufactures of 1,122
Electric Apparatus   605
Electrotypes   17
Explosives and Fulminates of all
kinds   27,200
Felt,  manufactures of   411
Fertilizers    48,270
Films for photo use   208
Fur, manufactures of  3,667
Glass and Glassware, n.e.s   11,488
Guns,   Rifles   and   Firearms  92
Hats and Caps   23
Household Effects, n. e. s.   191,988
Ice  	
India-rubber, manufactures of -— 65,290
Iron and Steel and manufactures
of, viz.—
Stoves   407
Ferro-silicum  —  9,461
Wire and Wire Nails   75,669
Linotype Machines  1,650
Machinery, n. e. s -  8,153..
Sewing   Machines   —-  485
Typewriters     889
Scrap Iron or Steel   4,255
Hardware, viz.—
Tools, hand or machine-  540
Hardware, n. e. s.   1,930
Steel and manufactures of   143,715
Jewellery,  all kinds,  n.  o.  p  124
Jewellers'  Sweepings    2,642
Junk    -  403
Lamps and Lanterns   23
Leather, viz.:
Sole  B  75,561
. Upper ..- -  1,889
Leather,  n.  e.  s -  2,123
Boots  and  Shoes    2,594
Harness and Saddlery — — 374,500
Other manufactures  of -.-  31
Lime   1——- — 21,496
Liquors, viz.:
Ale and Beer  — 4,977
Whisky     ! ~- 15,684
Wines  ;———~~—~ — 75
Aluminum ~..~» ...~ 2,840
Metals, n. o. p - 19,480
Nanaimo
17
127,669
85
30
New
West'r
1,893
1,422:
4.643
1,050
562
2,334
153
131,798;
6.076
12,895
312
60
8,180
316
149
4,972 I
50
361
3,422
501
45
21
66,514
71,577 Annual Report, 1916-191
Manufactures (Continued)
Musical Instruments, viz.:
Organs 	
Pianos   	
Other    -	
Oil, Creosote 	
Oil, n.  e.  s	
Paper, wrapping	
"       printing   	
"       n. e. s	
Paints and Varnishes 	
Paintings   	
Photographs 	
Rags ; I	
Scientific Apparatus 	
Silk and Manufactures of	
Sails, Awnings, Tents, etc	
Stationery  •-	
Sugar of all kinds, n. e. s	
Sugarhouse  Syrup 	
Tin, Manufactures of	
Tobacco, Stems and Cuttings	
Trunks and Valises, all kinds-
Vehicles, viz:—
Automobiles 	
Automobile, parts of 	
Carriages, parts of	
Bicycles    -	
Bicycles, parts  of  	
Wagons  	
All other 	
Wood, viz:—
Barrels, empty	
Household  Furniture 	
Doors, Sashes and Blinds 	
Pails, tubs, churns, etc	
Wood pulp, chemically prepared  _-	
Other manufactures of 	
Woollens	
Other Articles  .-	
Va
ncouver
2,055
6,489
12,645
65,624
20,552
2.440
110
500
175
367,972
6,696
1,075
23,809
Total  $ 4,008,084    $   128,812    $   456,609
Miscellaneous Articles.
Rice 	
Rice Meal	
Other miscellaneous articles
Total   	
97,153
81,270
4,568
182,991
Grand Total  $15,031,892    $2,607,837    $2,511,269 .56
Vancouver Board of Trade
ANNUAL   DECLARED   EXPORT   RETURN
Statement Showing Quantities and Values of Declared Exports
from Vancouver, B. C., Canada, to the United States of America
during the year ended December 31st, 1916.
ARTICLES
ANIMALS—
Cattle No.
Horses    No.
Miscellaneous  I No.
Unit of
Quantity
Quantities      Values
721
91
177
77,0255!
10,448j
3,637
$91,110
ANIMAL PRODUCTS—
Furs  No	
Hides & Skins Pes. & Pounds
Wool  Pounds 	
Switches Cattle Dozen _	
Blood & Tankage Tons    	
Fertilizer   Tons   '
Miscellaneous  Pounds 	
27,618
104,864
1,832,445
368,772
308,047
123,570
2,382
821
116
12,024
470
21,533
717,422
18,099
TOTAL ANIMAL PRODUCTS    $649,683;
Antiques 	
Automobiles  No.
Bonds  -.-	
13
-Tons
BUILDING MATERIAL-
Brick,  Fire 	
Clay, Fire        §
Granite  - Cu.  Ft.
Iron   &   Steel Tons  -
Lime      "
Limestone      "
Miscellaneous     "
Tar, Coal - Galls. -
7,094
208
1,647
231
4,032
8,464
72,898
5,394
13,048
51,839|
74,092:
1,961
1,126
11,425 '
45,502
11,891
1,845,
5,198.
TOTAL BUILDING MATERIAL     $153,040
Coal  -Tons —
Coin (Gold from. Australia)	
Contractors' Outfits 	
Copra    Pounds
Drugs   &   Chemicals	
Dry  Goods  & Wearing
Apparel   	
Empties  	
Exhibit, Articles for	
Explosives  Pounds
2,314
222,916
191,075
12,799'
19,544,536
16,290
15,052
3,445
1,201*
14,203':'
2,188
48,107 Annual Report, 1916-1917
ARTICLES Unit   of
Quantity
FEED—
Grits,   Brewer Pounds 	
Feed,   General	
FISH—
Fresh  Unfrozen—
Halibut  ...Pounds 	
Miscellaneous        "        	
Salmon        "        	
Fresh Frozen—
Cod     " 	
Halibut   I
Herring    j  " 	
Miscellaneous   " 	
Salmon   " 	
Sturgeon     " 	
TOTAL FRESH FISH 	
Fish, Preserved—
Haddies    ,	
Herring	
Kippered    Pounds 	
Pickled         "
Salt          1
Total  Herring  	
Miscellaneous 	
Salmon—
Canned  Pounds 	
Pickled & Salted  *-      1
Total  Preserved  Fish  	
GRAND TOTAL FISH '-	
Fish Lines & Nets Pounds 	
FOOD PRODUCTS—
Breadstuff s—
Flour  Barrels  	
Rice    Pounds 	
Rye & Wheat  Bushels 	
Canned Goods:
Coffee  Pounds 	
Cheese         "        	
Eggs Dozen   	
Quantities
4,764,800
1,002,986
16,600
13,302,674
424,691
1,475,355
490,264
14,448
934,666
24,582
66,855
51,760
378,525
537,660
20,057
301,692
818,561
12,367
8,460
2,386,989
399
12,012
1,530
8,250
57
Values
jf'NJj*-. ;
140,535
50,785
113,334
245
238,415
25,871
117,567
6,421
802
57,719
5,140
$565,514
$ 5,124
3,117
21,531
28,078
52,726
2,014
22,440
73,386
155,690
721,204
19,681
51,499
91,505
253
1,718
396
1,253 58
Vancouver Board of Trade
ARTICLES Unit   of
-Fruits, Fresh— Quantity
Apples  Bushel	
Oranges Boxes  	
Preserved:
Currants  Pounds   	
Olives Gallons 	
Quantities       Values!
9,830
2,504
91,809
600
Total Fruits
Marmalade    Pounds
Meats—
Beef       "
Turkey       "
Preserved:
Miscellaneous       "
Total Meats 	
Miscellaneous 	
Molasses    - Gallons
Nuts—
Cocoanut (dessicated)  Pounds
Miscellaneous  Pounds
Olive Oil  Gallons
Spice   Pounds
Tea      I
Vegetables—
Beans    Bushels
Cabbages \ Pounds
Onions    Bushels
Peas       I
Potatoes        a
Turnips        "
Total   Vegetables   	
TOTAL FOOD PRODUCTS	
10,752
61,505
■4>998
883
20,9081
876"'
14,6441
448
36,876^
1,795,
7,3843
1,652*
284.^
$ 9,320
2,654
110,364
12,676
10,790
1,309
152,160
10,424
1,008
2,052
96,379
15,062
172,222
501,867
28,322
115,855
280,412
5,471
2,444
3,409
10,069
21,921
117,864
113,703
6,323
2,750
Furniture
HARDWARE—
Electrical ---	
Furnaces No.
Miscellaneous 	
18
263,109.:
552,768
2,324s
458
3,616
9,918
TOTAL HARDWARE     $ 13,992-
HOUSEHOLD  GOODS and
Personal Effects Pkgs.
10,682
257,422.i Annual Report, 1916-191
ARTICLES Unit of
Quantity
JUNK—
- Bone, Black Tons  	
Metal  .- -     "      	
Paper        "      	
Platinum Ounces 	
Rags, Rope & Bones — Tons  	
Rubber      "      	
TOTAL JUNK  I	
LEATHER & MANFRS. OF—
Novelties  Damaged  	
LIQUOR & WINES—
Sparkling  Doz. Pts. ...
Still Gallons
TOTAL LIQUOR & WINES |
MACHINERY—
Electrical  -	
Miscellaneous  -
TOTAL MACHINERY 	
MINERALS, Bullions-
Gold  --Ounces 	
Silver  -- Ounces 	
Total Bullions	
Jewelers'  Sweeps  	
Magnesite    Tons
Quantities
Values
60
1,504
4,998
201,253
485
6,021
143 y2
10,097
310
15,863
110
17,138
1,778
6,159
Ores-
Antimony
-Tons
.Copper—
Blister  -Tons
Matts   "
Ore   i
Gold   "
Zinc   I  "
Concentrates—
Gold     I
Zinc  -  1
177,446
1,172,207
19,463 10,967,361
4,149 l,833i032
70,494 3,572,773
3-13/20 2,524
212 14,949
5,198
480
535,066
24,040 60
Vancouver Board of Trade
ARTICLES Unit of       Quantities
Quantity
Ore Contents—-f-
Copper    Pounds   60,167,012
Gold  Ounces   142,652
Lead    Pounds   18,900
Silver  Ounces   743,859
Zinc   Pounds   609,578
Values-*!
Total  Ores       $16,952,911^
Platinum    -'- Ounces   ,
22
1,560
TOTAL MINERALS     $20,672,176
MISCELLANEOUS—
Nursery Stock ...I	
Skates  Pairs  —
Soap    *. Pounds
Tobacco  Pounds
Miscellaneous 	
61
40,270
10,178
TOTAL MISCELLANEOUS
1,435 i
190
1,632
1,678
6,245
11,180:
-—Value of Ore Contents are included in Ore Values.
OILS—
Bean    Pounds
Fish    Gallons
Lubricating       §
Petroleum  -      "
278,720
$ 18,689
58,779
23,498
107,824
25,382
38,660
9,797
TOTAL OILS  -	
RAILS, Steel  Tons
1,049
$ 77,366
22,396-
Tin & Mrfs. of—
Cans, Salmon (Damaged)-No. 	
Pig  Pounds
381,600
33,712
5,015
13,175
WOODS & Mrfs. of—
Logs   M. Ft.
62,060
79,218
LUMBER—
Ceiling   	
Flooring —
518
1,904
11,059
49,171
J Annual Report, 1916-1917
Unit of
Quantity
ARTICLES
MISCELLANEOUS—
Cross Arms  No	
Lath  M.	
Miscellaneous 	
. Moulding  Lin. Ft.
Pickets No	
Staves & Headings  Sets 	
TOTAL  MISCELLANEOUS -
Cottonwood    M- Ft. •
Rough and Dressed       "
Siding  	
Silo  Stock       I
Ties         1      .
Quantities
l,662,ffg
177,273
3,540
2,203
18,339
21,557
647
377
TOTAL LUMBER  $1,127*.
Paper    Pounds   57,055,778    $1,209,466
Piling Lin. Ft  298,589            19,147
Poles          1           805,190
Pulp  Pounds   14,199,509
Shingles   M    1,236,427
Shingle Bolts  Cords   f  2,082
Total Woods & Mfrs. of    7,666,461
TOTAL  $51,145,336  m
msmm
a
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Annual Keport, 1916-1917
63
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r-l    Annual Report, 1916-1917
CANADIAN TRADE COMMISSIONERS
Argentine Republic.
B. S. Webb, Acting Canadian Trade Commissioner, Recon-
quista No. 46, Buenos Aires.    Cable Address, Canadian.
Australia.
D. H. Ross, address for letters—Box 140 G. P. O., Melbourne.
Office—Stock Exchange Building, Melbourne. Cable Address,
Canadian.
British West Indies.
E. H. S. Flood, Bridgetown, Barbados, agent also for the
Bermudas and British Guiana.    Cable Address, Canadian.
China.
J. W. Ross, 13 Nanking Road, Shanghai. Cable Address,
Cancoma.
Cuba.
A. T. Quilez, Acting Canadian Trade Commissioner, Lonja del
Commercio, Apartado 1290, Havana.    Cable Address, Cantracom.
France.
Philippe Roy, Commissioner General, 17 and 19 Boulevard des
Capucines, Paris.    Cable Address, Stadacona.
Japan.
E. F. Crowe, Acting Canadian Trade Commissioner, P. O. Box
109, Yokohama.    Cable Address, Canadian.
Holland.
Ph. Geleerd, Acting Canadian Trade Commissioner, Zuidblaak
26, Rotterdam.    Cable Address, Watermill.
Newfoundland.
W. B. Nicholson, Bank of Montreal Building, Water Street,
St. John's.   Cable Address, Canadian.
New Zealand.
W. A.  Beddoe,  Union  Buildings,  Customs  Street, Auckland.
Cable Address, Canadian.
Russia
C.  F. Just, Canadian Government Commercial Agent,  Alex-
andrivskaia, plosch 9, Petrograd, Russia.
L.   D.   Wilgress,   Canadian   Government   Commercial   Agent,
Bukhgolza Ulitza No. 4, Omsk, Siberia. 66
Vancouver Board op Trade
South Africa.
W. J. Egan, Norwich Union Buildings, Cape Town. Cable
Address, Cantracom.
United Kingdom.
Harrison Watson, 73 Basinghall Street, London, E. C, England.    Cable Address, Sleighing, London.
J. E. Ray, Central' House, Birmingham. Cable Address,
Canadian.
J. Forsyth Smith, Acting Canadian Trade Commissioner, 87
Union Street, Glasgow, Scotland.    Cable Address, Cantracom. •
F. A. C. Bickerdike, 4 St. Ann's Square, Manchester. Cable
Address, Cantracom.
J. Forsyth Smith, Century Bldgs., 31 North John St., Liverpool.    Cable Address, Cantracom.
N. D. Johnston, Sun Building, Clara Street, Bristol. Cable
Address, Canadian.
CANADIAN COMMERCIAL AGENTS.
Australia.
B. Millin, The Royal Exchange Building, Sydney, N. S. W.
British West Indies.
Edgar Tripp, Port of Spain, Trinidad.    Cable Address, Canadian.
R. H. Curry, Nasseau, Bahamas.
Norway and Denmark.
C. E. Sontum, Grubbeged, No. 4, Christiania, Norway.    Cable
Address, Sontums.
Spain.
J. F. Roberts, care British Consulate General, Barcelona. Annual Report, 1916-1917
67
BANKS  IN VANCOUVER
The fifteen Chartered Banks established-
have, in addition, 30 branches, making a total
are:
Bank Capital
Bank of B. N. A $ 4,866.666.66
Canadian Bank of Commerce... 15,000,000.00
Dominion Bank      6,000.000.00
Bank of Hamilton      3,000,000.00
Imperial Bank of Canada    7,000,000.00
Merchants Bank of Canada    7,000,000.00
Bank" of Nova Scotia     6,500,000.00
Bank of Ottawa  -4,000,000.00
Royal Bank of Canada.,.  12,900,000.00
Union Bank of Canada     5,000,000.00
Molsons Bank    4,000,000.00
Bank of Toronto     5,000,000.00
Northern  Crown   Bank     1,428,797.00
Standard Bank of Canada     3,333.242.14
Bank of Montreal  16,000,000.00
in Vancouver
of 45.    These
Reserve
$ 3,017,333.33
13,500.000.00
7,000,000.00
3,300,000.00
7,000,000.00
7,250,984.00
12,000,000.00
4,868,179.64
14,300,000.00
3,400,000.00
4,800,000.00
6,000,000.00
715,600.00
4,333,242.14
16,000,000.00 Vancouver Board oe Trade
BANKING   RETURNS
VANCOUVER CLEARING HOUSE
Comparative Statement of Clearings for Years  Ending
March 31st, 1914, 1919, 1916, 1917
1913-1914
1914-1915
1915-1916
1910-1917
April	
$ 54,383,263
54,445,095
49,389,201
51,411,870
47,435,329
51,812,940
51,891,335
47,711,848
47,810,95O
41,353,351
34,054,576
41,714,259
$ 39,900,365
38,089,799
37,467,108
38,574,409
33,59:8,185
34,324,654
31,165,702
2,8,519,737
25,189,573
24,842,677
19,489,666
21,833,220
$369,995,095
$ 21,296,868
2:2,669,043
22,500,450
2i3,712,162
24,246,716
24,360,842
24,596,929
26,324,641
25,703,746
21,974,554
21,002,20,8
26,216,415
$2«3,603,5 63
$ 21,859,400
May	
26,080,473
June	
27,124,891
July	
27,481,846
August	
218,550,714
September.   ..
October ....
29,690,373
31,476,214
November   ..
December	
January	
February	
March	
31,158,064
30,021,584
28,767,111
24,628,127
29,080,730
Totals	
$573,414,017
$335,908,527
COMPARISON   OF   BANK   CLEARINGS   IN   FOURTEEN   CfTIES
1913, 1914, 1915 and 1916, January to December      74
Vancouver Board op Trade
If
CITY OF VANCOUVER—Continued
Land as per Foregoing Details, brought forward $ 7,2i80,300.00
Buildings as per Foregoing Details, br't forward 4,461,350.00
Water Works, Supplies and Equipment:
Capilano Creek: Cost of clearing right-of-way,
making road, dam, tunnels, etc., settling basin
and intake, steel mains, wooden mains and
land connected with system	
Stanley Park:   Mains, Reservoir and Standpipe
City of Vancouver: Mains, Hydrants, Meters,
services, etc., submerged mains, valves, telephone line.
Seymour Creek: Cost of lands and right-of-way,
making road, steel bridge, settling basin, intake, C. P. R. crossing, steel mains, wooden
mains, valves, water record, clearing reservoir
site, wharf and warehouse, and land' connected with system.
Little Mountain Reservoir $5,104,639.99
Supplies on hand, valves, hydrants, fittings,
tools, and general equipment        '51,897.11
$ 5,156,337.10
F
No.
ire
1
2
3
4
5
■6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
16
Hall Apparatus Equipment and Supplies:
Fire Hall '.	
Machine Shop	
Spare Auto Parts..
41,416,71
46,569.&6
21,727.21
20,321.70
15,942.34
8,892.93
13,0-35.44
10,924.64
1,4,11.2.82
6,937.22
4,495.04
4,860.01
3,8'86.93
8,127.34
m     2,949.35
$   223,199.64
3.&S5.50
§§      8,948.10
Fire Alarm System
$   236,833.24
T9,7®6.00
Ornamental Street Lighting $    90,990.00
Police Department:
Equipment    I $     28,712.80
Patrol Signal System        47.61S.0i01
315,619.24
90,990.00
71,325.88
Carried Forward $17,375,922.14 Annual Eeport, 1916-1917
75
CITY OF VANCOUVER-CONTINUED
Brought  Forward .- $17,375,922.14
School Apparatus and Equipment:
Aberdeen  $ 2,720.25
Alexandra   3,746.67
Bayview   1,582.27
Beaconsfield   _  1,919.08
Britannia High  13,109.85
Cecil Rhodes   3,662.51
Charles Dickens  2,065.10
Children's Home   758.75
Central   3,725.00
Dawson     5,812.05
Fairview     2,822.47
Florence Nightingale   3,912.76
Franklin     954.80
General Gordon   2,229.09
Grandview  .■  2,803.44
Hastings     3,070.90
Henry Hudson   3,525.71
King Edward" High  19,530.30
King George  1  4,796.04
Kitsilano    1  2,686.96
Laura Secord   2,095.02
Livingstone     2,024.68
Macdonald     3,035.03
Model    3,737.67
Mount Pleasant   4,292.22
Nelson     3,906.82
Roberts     5,742.02
Igeymour     4,667.48
Simon Fraser  :  3,997.29
Strathcona (New)  3,572.6>3
Strathcona (Old)     1,608.36
Tennyson     5,867.48
Office Building   5,946.20
Manual Training   16,000.00
Domestic Science   10,000:00
Scientific Equipment   12,000.00
Automobiles   2,500.00
Stocks on Hand   5,656.30
        182,082.19
Sewers, Etc.:
Sewers and Septic Tanks. $3,547,731.01
Basement Drains   65,312,37
 —      3,613,043.38
Carried Corward ~.~ $21,171,047.71 76
Vancouver Board oe Trade
CITY OF VANCOUVER—Continued
Brought  Forward $2,1,171,047.71
Streets and Lanes:
Wood Paved, Asphalt and Bitulithic \  $4,487,368.60
Macadam Streets   716,737.69
Cleared and Graded Streets  2,352,77'3.i80
Stone Paved Streets  11,382.74
Stone Paved Lanes ,  114,512.74
Concrete Paved Lanes  5,332.82
Macadam Lanes  -  63,613.24
Plank Roadways  .... 273,504.59
Cleared and Graded Lanes  122,283.06
Hassam and Granitoid Pavements  181,474.47
Asphalt Macadam Pavements  7,377.50
Street Extensions   1,007,188.00
      9,343,539.25
Sidewalks:
Cement Walks and Curbs $1,255,844.80
Wooden Sidewalks  i>>      104,911.188
      1,360,756.68
Bridges, Wharves, Etc.: .f&m
Bridges and Viaducts $2r148,518.73
Heatley Avenue Wharf  7,440.18
Gore Avenue Slip  478.31
Balsam Street Slip  3,435.56
Bidwell Street Slip  262.44
Rock Crushing Plant, Wharf and Bunkers        18,758.89
Ferry Subway         37,870.01
     2,216,764.12
Sundry Assets:
City Hall Furniture and Law Library $    11,500.00
Board of Works Tools, Equipment, etc  ■ 23,680.59
Street Cleaning Tools and Equipment  17,919.36
City Stables Equipment, Horses, etc  36,588.30
Rock Crusher, Rollers, Steam Shovel, etc  17,550.00
Scavenging Tools and Equipment  6,207.50
City Garage Equipment and Autos  7,410.00
City Analyst Equipment  1,561.60
Poundkeeper's Horse and Rig  272.00
Furniture and Book Stacks in Free Library  2,800.00
Books, Free Library  42,000.00
Furniture, etc., in Old People's Home  2,200.00
Furniture, etc., in Creche  2,400.00
Furniture, etc., in Isolation Hospital  1,250.00
Ambulance Rig, Horses and Supplies  1,095.66
Electrician's Department, Instruments, etc  1,559.00
Industrial 'Commissioner's Office Furniture  300.00
Furniture, etc., in Juvenile Court  2,000.00
Park Tools, Roller, Crusher, Seats, etc  11,120.52
Park Office Furniture  502.50
Health Office Furniture  500.00
-      190,316.81
$3.4,282,42457 Annual Report, 1916-1917
77
STATEMENT OF DEBENTURES AND STOCK
31st December, 1916
Showing Amount of Fixed Charges (Sinking Fund and Interest)
Extinguished Each Year by Maturity of Debentures
Year
1917
1918
1919
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
P'027
1928
1930
1932
1931 |
1933 j
1934 ;
1935]
1936|
Ipe?
1938 |
1939 j
194.0 j
1941|
1942 j
1943 j
19441
1945 [
1946 |
1947 \
1948 |
1949|
1950|
19511
1952
19531
1954 |
1955]
1956
General
City's Proportion of Local
Improvements
r,336.78| $
49,392.01
33.868.81j
 I
6,782.491
15,458.40
11,485.76
8,775.40
9,380.60
28,798.30
29,808.88
3,546.00
546.30
11,730.00
3,740.00
3,760.00
7,396.00
11,735.27
17,389.66
29,823.85!
61,263.91|
29,566.25
107,766.60
70,581.32
111,550.80
142,375.23
324.239.54i
262,503.96
% 1,3-90,590.80
3,136.12
9,857.20
887.95
561.83
2(1,763.68
110,901.38
78,996.23
12,474.69
3-1,634.03
26,753.68,
37,247.58
5,787.681
1,224.05
1,769.25
174.55
13,478.34
3,243.91
304.45
1,332.01
1,116.65
730.77
283.00
168.18
473.94
3,500.85
530.50
Total
Property Owners'
Proportion
of Local
Improvements
Grand* Total
10,471.90
9,857.20]
887.96-1
561.83J
21,763.68|
160,293.39|
112,865.04
12,474.69|
38,416.52|
42.212.08j
48,733.33]
14.563.08J
10,604.65
29,983.23|
30,557.55]
13.478.34j
3,243,911
304.461
1,332.01
3,546.00;
1,6 62.85 j
12,460.77|
4,023.00;
3,760.00
7,5'64.18|
12,209.21|
17,389.56]
33,324.701
51,263.91]
30.O86.75j
107,766.60
70,581.32|
111,560.80]
142,375.23|
324,239.641
262,503.95
2,984.65
14,933.76
5,066.48
1,578.97
34,124.77
163,273.48
100,640.15
16,999.65
35,512.22
28,077.30
48,456.87
7,847.89
6,918.28
1,367.98
11,692.09
67,004.51
14,921.46
608.90
2,244.62
2,233.30
1,208.86]
496.09
311.82
947.91
1,787.42
1,061.00
11,335.12
23,843.67
9,172.84
$ 1,768,903.20 $    £16,641.06
13,456.55
24,790.96
5,943.43
2,140.80
55,888.45.
323,566.87
213,505.19
29,474.34
73,928.74
70,289.38
97,190.20
22,410.97
17,522.93
31,351.21
42,249.64
80,482.85
18,165.37
913.35
3,576.63
3,646.00
3,896.15
13,669.63
4,519.09
3,760.00
7,876.00
13,157.12
17,389.56
35,112.12
51,263.91
31,147.75
107,766.60
70,581.3i2
111,550,80
142,376.23
324,239.54
262,503.96
11,335.12
23,843.67
9,172.84
$ 2,375,544.26 78
Vancouver Board of Trade
STATEMENT OF DEBENTURES AND STOCK
31st December, 1916
Showing Amounts Maturing Each Year
«.-«
Year
1917
1918
1919
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1920
1927
192®
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1984
1936
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943i
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1964
1965
1966
General
City's Proportion of Local
Improvements
$        59,500.00
385,000.00
264,000.00]
 I
90,000.00]
230.000.00j
165,000.001
145,000.00|
155.000.00j
589,769.20
569,592.00
70
12
250
80
80
155
244
360
572
990
585
2,133
1,397
2,207
2,818
6,417
4,727
,000.00
,000.00]
,000.00]
.ooo.ooj
ooo.ooj
,500.00!
ooo.ooj
ooo.ooj
500.00]
ooo.ooi
ooo.ooj
ooo.ooi
ooo.ooj
900.00|
000.00]
600.00J
800.00
$25,743,151.20
29,432.76
58,000.79
8,333.40
5,317.10
177,096.46
868,958.07
625,097.78
151,861.96
372,018.77
299,999.62
396,839.66
62,874.19
16,635.0.6
2,372.12
23,909.69
171,523.00
41,155.87
5,264.56
22,724.22
22,100.00
14,288.35
4,893.56
3,328.25
9,333.00
62,782,08
10,500.35
$ 3,466,639.71
Total
Property Owners'
Proportion
of Local
Improvements
88,932.75
58,000.79
8,333.40
5,317.10
177,095.45
1,253,968.07
889,097.78
151,861.96
462,018.77
529,999.62
561,839.66
207,874.19
171,635.06
592,131.32
593,501.69
171,523.06
41,155,87
5,264.56
22,724.22
70,000.00
34,100.00
264,288.35
84,893.56
80,000.00
168,828.25
253,333.00]
350,000.00|
636,282.08]
990,000.00]
596,500.36
2,133,000.00'
1,307,000.00
2,207,900.00'
2,818,000.00
6,417,600.00
4,727,800.00
$29,209,790,91
28
79
30
14
277
1,279
804
200
415
315
514
96
94
18
158
852
189
10
36
,011.25
,707.86]
,948.981
,002.08]
,915.18;
566.10]
715.62]
,230.53]
745.371
429.98j
109.821
,572.21}
021.89J
591.22]
898.05]
674.07]
883.62]
529.11].
737.18
44,200.00
23,576.65
8,578.33
6,171.76
18,667.00
133,958.45
21,000.70
204,150.00
429,433.57
165,207.10
$ 6,374,643.24
Grand Total?
j     116,944.00|
137,708.66
39,282.30
19,319.18
455,010.63
2,533,514.07
1,693,813.40
352,092.49
877,764.14!
845,429.60
1,076,949.48
304,446.40,-
265,656.95
610,722.54
752,399.74
1,024,197.13
231,039.49
15,793.67
59,461.40
70,000.00
78,300.00
287,865.00
93,47iJ|I
80,000.00
165,000.00
272,000.00
360,000.00
769,240.53
990,000.00
616,501.05-
2,133,000.00
1,397,000.00
2,207,900.00
2,818,000.00
6,417,600.00
4,727,800.00
204,150.00
429.433.1pl
165,207.10
$35,584,434.15
«tS Annual Eeport, 1916-1917
79
CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF VANCOUVER.
General Balance Sheet as at December 31st, 1916.
Capital Assets.
Sundry Properties $34,282,424.57
General Hospital, Advances to 31©t December, 1916..
Advances upon Capital Account for Local Improvements, etc., in anticipation of Debenture
Issues  $   431,882.45
Advances to Revenue covered by Revenue
Assets Outstanding     1,366,666.68
912,384.17
1,788,539.13
Local-Improvement Taxes Assessable, being that portion of
I Sinking iFund to be contributed during term of By-laws by
property owners benefitted towards repayment of Local
Improvement Debentures     3,356,480.99
! Sinking Fund Assets      5,082,270'.05
Current Assets.
Treasurer's Cash Balance	
Bank of B. N. A. (Special Account, "Contractors'
I  Deposits"  : :
Treasurer's   Cash,   Special  Account,   ".Contractors' Deposits"	
Revenue Receivable:
Gen'l Taxes, Arrears to 1912 $   106,428.43
Gen'l Taxes, Arrears for 1913      216,3.12.37
Gen'l Taxes, Arrears for 1914      867,540.40
Gen'l Taxes, Arrears for 1916   1,126,916.25
Gen'l Taxes, Arrears for 1916    1,362,281.76
Local Improvement Taxes:
Pav't Taxes, Arrears to 1915 $   202,368.40
Pav't Taxes, Arrears for 1916      215,498.11
Sewer Taxes, Arrears to 1915..
Sewer Taxes, Arrears for 19.16.
3,421.98
';fp8.30
Cement Walks Taxes, Arrears to
1915  $     65,509.52
Cement Walks Taxes, Arrears for
|p916          51,568.31
Street Widening Taxes, Arrears1
to   1916  $     22,047.34
for 1916        46,233.818
6,822.09
445.00
$45,4212,098.91
$       10,969.87
7,267.09
.,477,478.21
507,866.61
6,320.28
117,077.83
67,281.22 Vancouver Board oe Trade
Street Sprinkling Taxes, Arrears
to   1916  $       4,777.87
Street Sprinkling Taxes, Arrears -
for 1910   3,797.60
 8,575.47
Ornamental   Lighting   Taxes,
Arrears  to   1916 $     10,685.64
Ornamental   Lighting   Taxes,
Arrears for 1916         14,926.17
        34,611.81
      4,219,211.33
Water Rates Arrears (Net) $    51,862.52
Scavenging Fees Arrears  1,717.00
Incinerator Fees Arrears  346.86
Electrical Inspection Fees Arrears  14.86
B. C. E. R. Company's Percentages  8,573.11
B. C. E. R. Company's Bridge Rentals.  2,000.00
Cemetery Fees Arrears  .,  226.50
Government Grants Arrears   '    42,090.00
        1O0,820.83":
Advances and Emergency Funds:
Ornamental Lighting (Local Improvement).... $    12,229.41
School Trustees Emergency Fund  3,000.00
Relief Department Emergency Fund  360.00
  15,570.41'
Accrued Interest on Delinquent Taxes        244,870.90
Reserve Fund for Redemption of Treasury Notes (1916 Issue)        189,044.38
Reserve Fund for Redemption of Treasury Notes (1916 Issue) 72,713.54
Sundry Debtors         169,313.93^
Stores on Hand, as per Inventory        128,064.60.;
Insurance Unexpired  7,001.80
$50,682,965.59;. Annual Report, 1916-1917
81
CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF VANCOUVER.
General Balance Sheet as at December 31st, 1916.
Capital Liabilities.
General Debentures  $ 9,571,851.20
General Registered Stock    16,171,300.00
$25,743,151.20
Local Imp'm't Debentures (City's Proportion)..    3,466,689.71
$29,209,790.91
Local    Improvement    Debentures    (Property
Owners' Proportion)     6,374,643.24
 $35,684,434.15
Advances for Expenditure on Local Improvements, etc., repayable upon issue and sale of Debentures        431,882.45
Capital  Surplus   (including increase  of valuation  of Real
.Assets as per report of Assessment Commissioner, 31st
December, 19.16)      9,405,782.31
$45,422,098.91
Current Liabilities.
Sundry Creditors:
Warrants approved' for payment $    209,201.29
Amounts withheld on contracts, etc  71,507.58
 $     280,708.87
Bank of British North America     1,002,784.10
Water Consumers' Deposits  $ 65.00
Cemetery Fund Reserve  25,359.76
Cemetery Fund Interest   881.90
•Interest on Debentures due (Coupons not yet"
presented)   32,750.35
Interest on Treasury Notes due (Coupons not
yet presented)   2,610.00
Tax Sale Fund   6,102.92
Land Redemptions   1.35
i Tax Suspense Account   3,568.27
Water Rates Suspense Account  771.85
Suspense Account, General   799.83
• Street Widening Taxes Refundable  12,973.78
Reserve   against   Scavenging   Fees   Arrears
(Contra)     300.00
^License Fees (1917) collected in advance  6,200.00
Salary War Assessment Fund   1,650.02
 — 94,035.03
Park Board Capital Account .  746.25
Contractors' Deposits    7,267.09
Advances from Capital, as per contra     1,356,656.68
Treasury Notes, 1916 Issue        482,000.00 82 Vancouver Board Of Trade-
Treasury Notes, 19.16 Issue     1,464,000.00
Revenue Surplus:
Water,   after  Adjustments   as  at   31/12/16,
Surplus    $    710,039.27
General, after Adjustments as at 31/12/15,
Deficit           367,047.81
$     342,991.46
General Revenue, 1916 (Surplus).... $67,966.99
Water Works Revenue, 1916 Sur- HHB
plus)       61,722.21
Surplus for 1916         129,678.20
        472,669.661
$50,582,965,591  84
Vancouver Board of Trade
SCHOOLS
ENROLMENT  AND   AVERAGE   ATTENDANCE   FOR   1916.
Enrolment
January     12,754
February     13,565
March   13,564
April    13,034
May   13,063
June     12,690
September     13,625
October     13,805
November    13,762
December     13,356
Average
Vttendance
Percentage
10,327.82
80,97
11,716.79
86.37
12,071.33
88.99
11,886.66
91.12
12,040.46
92.17
11,802.72
93.00
12,716.69
93.33
12,793.92
92.67
12,699.22
92.27
12,124.37
90.77
Enrolment for the Month of-October for Each Year Since 1899.
Year Enrolment I
1908      7,984
1909      8,845
1910      9,942
1911   11,385
1912   12,393
1913  -  12,990
1914   13,313
1915  -  13,183
Year Enrolment
1899   3,117
1900   3,393
1901   3,710
1902  -  4,087
1903   4,416
1904   4,994
1905   5,609
1906   6,437
1907   7,370
1916   13,805
Number  of Teachers   on  the   Vancouver   Staff
Each Year Since 1904.
Males
December, 1904   30
December, 1905   29
December, 1906   38
December, 1907   47
December, 1908   58
December, 1909   65
December, 1910   71
December, 1911   72
December, 1912  -  93
December, 1913   91
December, 1914   102
December, 1915   88
December, 1916  -  85
in   December   for
Females
Total
71
101
83
112
92
130
103
150
115
173
128
193
^155
226
181
263
220
313
246
337
260
362
266
354
254
339 Annual Beport, 1916-1917
Special Instructors Employed by the Board, 1916.
Instructors of Manual Training  15
Instructors of Domestic Science  10
Music Instructor  -  1
Cadet Physical Drill and Musketry Instructor  1
Teachers in Night Classes  17
Special Officers Employed by the Board.
Municipal Inspector of Schools  1
Medical Health Officers   2
Dentist   '  1
Nurses    -  4
Attendance Officers   2
Number of Teachers Holding the Different Grades of
Certificates.
University Graduate in Arts or Science  95
Academic Certificate  10
First-class Certificate     112
Second-class Certificate   108
Third-class Certificate   6
Commercial Specialist —--  2
Drawing Specialist   1
Oral     -  1
Blind   1
Temporary     3  SUMMARY  EXPENDITURE IN  PARK SYSTEM,
1887 to December 31st, 1916.
Dand Purchases $   894,045.79
Improvements:
By-law  $403,100.00
Transfer from Park Purchase Acc'nt, 1915   19,331.75
General  Account  130,804.30
Dominion    Government   Grant,    Brockton
Point Improvement Scheme, 1915    12,000.00
Special Fund (Relief 1915)     48,388.63
 •      613,624.58
Maintenance and Operation—General Account      529,522.26
$2,037,192.63
Balances in hand Decemlber 31st, 1915:
Park Improvements—By-laws I	
Park Purchases—'By-laws  $3i80,45.2.7»
-- - -      380,452.73
Grand Total $2,417,645.36
SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS FROM  PARK UTILITIES SINCE
DIRECT OPERATION BY PARK BOARD, 1916.
Prior to 1916 '.  $67,73,6.32
Receipts, 1916:
Bath Houses-  :  $8,304.85
Refreshment Pavilion   :  12,160.70
20,465.55
Grand Total   $88,201.87
SUMMARY OF EXPENDITURE, 1916.
Total Expenditure  $72,935.70
Classified as follows:
Civic Funds.
General Revenue Account $41,596.96
Operations  of   Parks   Utilities   (Offset   by
Earnings)      22..119.26 88 Vancouver Board oe Teade
Capital Account:
By-law No. 882 1  $   567.89
By-law No. 994     1,094.05
Anticipated By-law consolidating unexpended balances under By-laws Nos.
795, 883 and 995     7,557.54
  $9,219.48
  $72,935.70
Grand Total  $72,935.70
Summary.
Improvements:    Capital Account  (Bylaws)    $9,219.48
Improvements:   Civic Funds    3,746.31
 $12,965.79
Maintenance and Operation, Civic Funds  $59,969.91
Grand Total _  $72,935,70   Axxtjal Report, 1916-1917
91
CHURCHES IN CITY OF VANCOUVER AND DISTRICT
CHURCH   OF  ENGLAND
Archdeacon   of   Columbia,   Diocesan   Executive   Officer—
Ven. Archdeacon Heathcote.
All Saints'—Rev. H. C. Lewis Hooper—-Victoria Drive and Pandora
St. Saviour's—Rev. S .Fea 1st Ave. and Semlin
Christ—Rev. C. C. Owen Georgia and Burrard
St. James'—Rev. H. A. Collins Gore and Cordova
Holy Trinity Pine and Gore Ave.
St. Mark's—Rev. A. H. Sovereign 2nd Ave. W. and Larch
St. Paul's—Rev. H. G. King Jarvis and Pendrell
St. Luke's—Rev. O. J. Nurse River Road
St. Peter's—Rev. G. F. Caffin Westminster Ave. and 29th Ave.
St. Margaret's— Agnes Road, Cedar Cottage
St. Michael's—Rev. G. H. Wilson-Broadway E. and Prince Edward
St. John the Divine—Rev. Wm. Thomas Johnson Central Park
St. George's—Rev. Marcus H. Jackson Cor. 14th W. and Laurel
St. Mary's Rev. Owen Bulkeley
St. Augustine's—Rev. L. M. J. D'Arcy Eburne
UNDENOMINATIONAL
Salvation Army—Brigadier W. H. Green Hastings and Gore
Scientist, First Church of Christ-! 1166 Georgia
Scientist, Second Church of Christ 421 Granville
First Unitarian—Rev. G. C. Sharp-.I.O.O.F Hall, Pender & Ham'n
First Christian (Disciples)—Rev. W. A. Moss—Woodland and 13th
London Mission to Seamen Next to St. James', Gore Ave.
Central Mission Abbott St., near Waterfront
Central Christian Rev. S. B. Calvert, A.R Fir and 11th W.
METHODIST CHURCHES
Wesley—Rev. Ernest Thomas Burrard and Georgia
Central—Rev. A. E. Roberts Pender and Dunlevy
Grace—Rev. A. N. Miller Burns and 16th Ave. East
Dundas Street—Rev. E. D. Braden Dundas St.
Grandview—Rev.  F.  W.  Langford	
Japanese Methodist—Rev. K. Kanazawa 502 Powell St.
Kitsilano—Rev. J. G. Brown 3rd Ave. and Larch St.
Mountain View—Rev. C. R. Sing Venables, cor. Victoria
Collingwood—Rev. W. E. Jones r>	
Mount Pleasant—Rev. W. J. Sipprell Ontario and 10th
Robson Memorial—Rev. E. Manuel Cedar Cottage
Scandinavian Methodist—Rev. Mr. Nanthrop	
Sixth Avenue—Rev. W. E. Kerr 6th Ave. and Fir
Trinity—Rev. O. M. Sanford 7th Ave., bet. Com'l and Victoria
Chinese Mission—Rev. Fong Dickman 529 Beatty
South Kitsilano—Rev. W. Gordon Tanner	
Ferris Road—Rev. B. C. Freeman	
Wilson Heights—Rev. W. P. Ewing 1340—43rd Ave. E.
River Avenue—Rev. W. E. Mawhinney East of Fraser
Kingsway—Rev. R. Wilkinson	 92
Vancouver Board op Trade
METHODIST CHURCHES-Continued
Kerrisdale—Rev. Robert Hughes 45th Ave., cor. Yew
Fourteenth Ave.—Rev. R. F. Stillman 2205 14th Ave. W.
Eburne—Rev. J. N. Wright Montcalm and 73rd Ave.
BAPTIST CHURCHES
First—Rev. Dr. J. L. Campbell Nelson and Burrard
Jackson Avenue Mission Jackson and Pender
Mount Pleasant—Rev. A. F. Baker 10th Avenue and Queebc
Fifth Avenue—Rev. H. F. Waring 5th Ave. and Arbutus
Grandview—Rev. David Long 1st Ave. and Salisbury Drive
Central—Rev. Geo. R. Welch : 10th and Laurel
Collingwood—Rev. David Long East Collingwood
Cedar Cottage—Rev. J. W. Leitch 22nd Ave. and Prince Albert
Broadway West—Rev. F. G. West—Cor. Broadway & Waterloo St.
South Hill—Rev. W. H. Redmond 52nd Ave. and Frederick."
Eburne—Rev. M. Vansickle Eburne
North Vancouver—Rev. A. J. Prosser North Vancouver
Ruth Morton Memorial—Rev. J. W. Litch 27th Ave. E.
■ CONGREGATIONAL
First—Rev. A. E. Cooke Thurlow and Pendrell
Knox—Rev. A. K. McLennan Cordova, bet. Columbia and Main-
Kitsilano:—Rev. G. D. Ireland Cor. llth Ave. W. and Columbia
Grandview—Rev. W.  P.  Goard—~* Woodland Drive
PRESBYTERIAN
St. Andrew's—Rev. R. J. Wilson Richards and Georgia
First—Rev. H. W. Fraser Hastings and Gore
St. John's—Rev. W. H. Smith Comox and Broughton
Chalmers'—Rev. E. A. Henry 12th and Hemlock
Mount Pleasant—Rev. A. E. Mitchell 10th & Quebec
Kitsilano—Rev. A. D. Mackinnon Vine St., Cor. 3rd Ave.
Cedar Cottage—Rev. J. H. Miller Victoria Rd., near Lakeview
Robertson—Rev. David James Salisbury Drive and Napier
Dundas—Rev- A. Macaulay Dundas and Garden Drive
Westminster—Rev. J. R. Craig Sophia St. and 26th Ave.
Central Park—Rev. T. R. Peacock Central Park
ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHES
Holy Rosary—Rev. W. P. O'Boyle, O.M.I Dunsmuir and Richards
St. Patrick's—Rev. Maurice Power Quebec and 12th Ave.
Sacred Heart—Rev. J. F. McNeil Campbell and Keefer
St. Augustine's—Rev. A. Tavernier, O.M.I 7th and Arbutus
St. Joseph's—Rev. M. W. McKinnon Cedar Cottage-
St. Paul's Chapel—Rev. Father Larent St. Paul's Hospital
St. Andrew's—Rev. L. A. Lamontagne—-49th Ave., near Fraser St.
Our Lady of Sorrows—Rev. A. M. Mayer 2676 Pender E.
LUTHERAN CHURCHES
Church of the Redeemer—Rev. B. A. Sand—Pr. Edward cor. 8th E.
Evangelical Chrich Church—Rev. O. T. Just 369—10th Ave. W.
Swedish Evangelical—Rev. Carl G. Zaar 435 Princess Ave. Annual Report, 1916-1917
CONSULAR AGENCIES IN THE CITY
•   AMERICAN CONSUL GENERAL
George N. West
VICE CONSUL GENERAL
G. Carlton Woodward., 744 Hastings Street West
BELGIUM CONSUL
J. M. Whitehead, 779 Thurlow Street
BRAZIL CONSUL
S. J. Emanuels, 411 Pender Street West
|§Pfc CHILEAN CONSUL GENERAL POR .CANADA
Honv M. P. Morris, 850 Hastings Street West
CHINESE CONSUL
Lin Shih Yuan, 402 Pender Street West
DANISH VICE CONSUL
.     W. A. Ward, 207 Hastings Street West
ECUADOR CONSUL GENERAL
Hon. J. MacQuillan, 1028 Barclay Street
PRANCE—ACTING CONSULAR AGENT
E. Chevalier, 470 Granville Street
HONDURAS CONSUL
R. R. Maitland, 470 Granville Street
ITALIAN CONSULAR AGENT
Nicola Massi, 208 Union Street
JAPANESE CONSUL
S. Ukita, 525 Seymour Street
MEXICAN VICE CONSUL
Hon. M. P. Morris, 850 Hastings Street West
NETHERLANDS  CONSUL
M. A. Van Roggen, 318 Cambie Street
NORWEGIAN CONSUL
C. B. Stalschmidt, 739 Hastings Street West
PERUVIAN CONSUL
Harold G. White, 319 Howe Street
IMPERIAL  RUSSIAN  CONSUL
Constantine Ragosine, 719 Jervis Street
SWEDISH VICE CONSUL
R. V. Winch, 739 Hastings Street West
SWITZERLAND  CONSUL
for the Province of British Columbia and Alberta
S. Gintzburger, 122 Hastings Street West  Annual Report, 1916-1917
95
BUSINESS   FAILURES   IN   CANADA   AND   NEWFOUNDLAND BY PROVINCES—AS REPORTED
BY BRADSTREETS, 1916.
So far as failures indicate, Canada in 1916 had apparently recovered from the shock caused to business by the
war, because the failures, 1,772, showed a decrease of not
only 32.5 per cent, from 1915 and of 38 per cent, from 1914,
but also of 3 per cent, from 1913. Liabilities, which aggregated $15,747,175, were less than half those of 1915, 48 per
cent, below those of 1914, and 54 per cent, below those of
1913. Of the causes of failure in 1916, the individual was
charged with 71 per cent, of the responsibility,, as against
64.7 per cent, in 1915 and 73.4 per cent, in 1914, considerably
lower percentages than ruled in the United States. Lack of
Capital was the leading cause, with a percentage of 38.9, as
against 30.1 per cent, for Specific Conditions, which.fell to
second place after occupying the first position during 1915,
owing to conditions growing out of the war. In 1915 the
percentages were only 30.3 for Lack of Capital and 35.9 for
Specific Conditions, while in 1914 the respective proportions
were 35.8 and 24.4. Incompetence, the third most fruitful
cause of failure, accounted for 13.4 per cent, in 1916, 17.9
per cent, in 1915 and 18.7 per cent, in 1914. Inexperience
and Unwise Credits showed smaller percentages in 1916
than in the preceding year, while Neglect, Speculation and
Fraud were more hurtful. Lack of Capital caused 39 per
cent, of the liabilities, Specific Conditions 23.31 per cent.,
Speculation 13.7 per cent, and Incompetence 11 per cent., the
important increases over 1915 being shown in Lack of Capital and Speculation, while Specific Conditions lost heavily
in importance.
The information upon which the foregoing data art
based was procured and distributed by The Bradstreets
Company while acting in its capacity as an authority
through whose instrumentality credit is not only determined
but fostered and its extension promoted wherever commerce
engages the activities of men. It should not be forgotten,
however, that the source of that information is the business
community itself, without whose co-operation the results
attained could not have been achieved; and the nature and
extent of that co-operation reflect in a striking way the confidence of the commercial community in the integrity of 96
Vancouver Board oe Trade
purpose of the institution, in the character of its administration and in the discharge of the functions which have been
assumed (by it in relation to the business world. That confidence and that co-operation have grown with the growth
of this organization itself in the sixty-seven years of its
existence, until the offices of The' Bradstreets Company,
once confined to a few large eastern cities of the United
States, at present extend not only throughout the territory
of the great republic, but into the Dominion of Canada.
Mexico, Cuba and other island's, the United Kingdom and
Australasia. In a word, this institution exercises its functions as a guardian of solvency and disseminator of commercial information wherever a condition of settled order marks
the secure extension of the sphere of civilization, of law and
of commercial credit.
SUMMARY—DOMINION OF CANADA, NEWFOUNDLAND AND
ST. PIERRE AND MIQUELON.
|  NUMBER
ASSETS
LIABILITIES
Failures
due io
1916
1915
1916
1
1915               1916               1915
1                       1
Inexperience	
Lack of capital. . .
Unwise credits. . . .
Failures of others.
Specific conditions.
238
60
689
28
10
10
34
3
533
35
132
470
94
796
48
41
12
37
4
942
32
150
$713,555
144,039
2,368,147
61.562
153,825
23.671
134,273
12,014
1,694,281
842,778
232,543
$1,424,010
365,312
4,575,240
460,966
408,400
24,120
86,085
3,300
5,739,550
752,520
515,190
$1,751,840!
365,744
6,146,253
159,590
340,985
72,054
258,870
16,412
3-,652,750
2,162,716
819,961
$4,065,450
951,844
10,145,325
926,357
1,023,377
58,526
221,551
7,075
11.212,850
1,581,008
2,187,138
1,772
2,626
$6,380,688
$14,354,692|$15,747,175
1
$32,380,501   Annual Report, 1916-1917
97
PRELIMINARY REVIEW AND  ESTIMATE
& OF	
MINERAL PRODUCTION FOR THE YEAR 1916
This bulletin has been prepared before the receipt of
the official reports for the year 1916 of the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders of the Province, and the customary returns of mineral production annually made by
managers of mines and reduction-works; consequently, it
must necessarily be regarded as being simply a preliminary
review of the progress of the past year, together with an
estimate of the quantities and value of the several mineral
products of the province, which it is believed will prove to
be approximately correct.
The accompanying table shows an estimated mineral
production during 1916 of a total value of $42,970,555. It
will be seen that the total value of the production of 1916
as estimated is some $1.3,523,047 greater than that of 1915,
equivalent to an increase of about 45.9 per cent., which must
be regarded as a very encouraging showing, particularly
when it is remembered that the output for 1915 was only
exceeded in amount by those of the years 1912 and 1913 in
the history of mining in the province. The value of the
output in" 1916 is larger than that of 1912—the previous
record year—by an estimated amount of $10,529,755, or 32.5
per cent.
Had it not been that the Crowsnest Collieries, through,
a series of mishaps—accompanied by a serious shortage of
labour due to the war, followed by a labour strike—was
unable to make as large an output as expected and intended,
the coal and coke production would have been much greater;
but, as it was, there resulted such a shortage of coke as to
partially close the copper smelters, and these in turn compelled the copper-mines to very much curtail their outputs.
But for these untoward circumstances it is certain that
the output for 1916 would have approached the $50,000,000
mark, an amount which a few years ago would have been
considered visionary. 98
Vancouver Board of Trade
Taken in the aggregate, our mineral production and
development in the year 1916 and the future prospects of
the industry are conditions for congratulation at this time.
The continued enormous demand for shells of all sorts
for the Allies has continued the great consumption of
copper, lead, and zinc, and the prices of these metals have
continued very high.
In 1914 the average price of copper for the year was
13.6 cents; in 1915 it was 17.3 cents; while in January, 1916,
it was 24 cents, and at the close of the year it was 32 cents;
the average for the year being 27.2 cents.
The result of this great increase in price of the metal
caused those prepared to make an actual production to
increase their outputs to the limit, and in many instances
enabled them to mine and smelt lower-grade ores which at
the normal prices of the metal would not have been possible
commercially.
The output of copper for the year 1916 is estimated
to have been about 67,757,075 lb., which is about 19 per
cent, greater than the previous year. The value of the
product was $18,429,924, an increase over last year of
$8,594,424, or 87 per -cent., and amounts to about 56.3 per
cent, of the value of the metallic minerals produced this
year.
The rise in the price of lead, while very considerable,
has not been so phenomenal; the average price in New
York for the year 1915 was 4.567 cents, while for 1916 it
was 6.777 cents, the year closing with an average for the
month of December of 7.4 cents.
Silver is always associated with lead ores in British
Columbia, and the price of this metal also had a great rise;
the average price for the year 1915 was 49.68 cents, while
for the year 1916 it was 65.66 cents, and for the closing
month of the year it was over 75.75 cents.
The combined rises in the prices of lead and silver very
greatly helped the silver-lead mines of the Slocan. The
provincial output of lead this past year is estimated to be
about 52,242,183 lb., worth $3,186,773, and that of silver was
3,366,205 oz., worth $2,099,838.
Zinc in 1916 sold at an average price in New York of
12.8 cents, while in 1915 the average price was 13.23 cents, Annual Report, 1916-1917
99
which is a seeming decrease; but it must be borne in mind
that the normal price of the metal is between 5 and 6 cents,
and that the prices of 1915 were due to a "corner" and the
shutting-off of the usual sources of supply, so that the
present prices must be very acceptable to the producer.
Preliminary figures would indicate that the output of
zinc in 1916 was more than two and a half times what it
was in 1915, the previous record year. Increased production has been nearly general in all the zinc-producing
districts.
The various metals and their production are reviewed
in detail later in this report, but it might be noted here that
the following table shows the gross value of the metallic
minerals recovered in 1916 as being 32,754,353, which represents an increase over the year 1915 of nearly $12,000,000,
a percentage increase of about 57.8 per cent., which is certainly a matter of congratulation.
It might further be pointed out that the metalliferous
output for 1915 was the greatest in the history of mining in
the province up to that date, being more than 10 per cent,
greater than in the former record year of 1912.
There seems to have been an increased production this
year in all the metal values except gold.
There are also increases in both the coal and coke productions as compared with the year 1915.
As far as can be ascertained as yet, there is a slight
decrease in the item of building materials, due to the cessation of building operations in the larger cities.
As might be expected with a large increase in the
amount of metalliferous minerals produced, the tonnage of
ore mined in the province in 1916 also constitutes a record,
amounting to about 3,200,000 tons, as compared with 2,690,-
110 in 1915.
Mineral Production for Two Years, 1915-1916.
The following table shows the quantities and value of
the several minerals produced in the year 1915, and the
estimated production in 1916. It may here be explained
that the prices used in calculating the estimated value for
1916 of silver, lead, copper, and zinc are the average prices
for the year, as published in The Engineering and Mining 100
Vancouver Board of Trade
Journal, New York, less a deduction of 5 per cent, off silver,
10 per cent, off lead, and 15 per cent, off zinc.   |
Gold, placer
"     lode.. .
Total gold
Silver     oz.
Lead     lb.
Copper "
Zinc I
T'l value of metalliferous
Coal    tons, -2,240 lb.
Coke	
Building materials, etc...
T'l value of production.
PRODUCTION, 1915
Quantity
Value
250,021
3,366,506
46,503,590
56,918,405
12,982,440
1,611,129
246,871
770,000
5,i67,934
$  5,937,934
1,688,991
1,939,200
9,835,500
1,460,524
$20,762,149
5,638,952
1,475,226
1,571,181
$29,447,508
ESTIMATED PRODUCTION,  1916i
Quantity
Value
Increase
Decrease
I                      II I
 |$      575,000    1 $196,000
232,9091     4,814,229||      353,705
I
3,366,205
52,242,1831
67,757,075|
33,534,829
-
5,389,229|
2,099,838
3,186,773,
18,429,924|
3,648,589
2,026,672
270,476
$32,754,353
7,093,352
1,622,850
1,500,000
. I$42,970,555|
I I
510,847
1,247,573
8,594,424
2,188,065
$11,992,204
1,454,400
147,624
J13,523,047
$548,705
71:181
Production of Various Minerals Briefly Reviewed.
In order to indicate in a general way the sources of the
various minerals mined in the province and to give an idea
of some of the conditions that affected their production,
and, incidentally, brief information concerning the larger
known mineral deposits occurring in British Columbia, the
next following comments are submitted.
Gold.
Placer Gold.—The recovery of placer gold for 1916 is
estimated at $575,000, of which practically all is obtained
in the Cariboo and Cassiar Districts, only about one-tenth
of the total coming from the other districts. An approximate apportionment is as follows: From Cariboo District,
$180,000; Atlin Division of Cassiar District, $320,000; Stik-
ine and Liard, $30,000; remaining parts of the province,
$45,000. It may be that a larger yield will be shown, but
this cannot be definitely stated until after the final returns
of the season's operations shall have been received.
While it is expected that the placer-gold output for
1916 will prove to be considerably less than that of the preceding year, it is, nevertheless, greater than any other year.
since 1907.
In hydraulic placer-mining, from which about 90 per-
cent, of the placer gold obtained in British Columbia is Annual Report, 1916-1917
101
derived, it has been pretty well demonstrated that the gold
output is in direct proportion to the number of days in
which water was available for piping.
The summer season of 1916 was particularly dry in the
northern placer-fields, with a consequent small supply of
water for mining, which accounts for the lessened placer-
gold output.
The Gold Commissioner of Atlin, the principal placer
camp, writes regarding the smaller output: "For this decrease in output various causes may be advanced, but the
-principal one was the shortage of water, and another was
the scarcity of labour."
The scarcity of labour was due to the number of men
who had left the district with the recruiting officer to enlist
for active service abroad.     fj§||
, The enormously increased cost of high explosives—due
to the war—formerly used for loosening the ground and
for "bulldozing." necessitated a curtailment of these.
These same conditions also prevailed in the Cariboo
District, producing "the quietest season that this district
has experienced for a long time."
These adverse conditions are not permanent and will
be gradually removed; the mining companies are becoming
impressed with the advisability of putting in reservoirs for
the conservation of the spring freshet water, and such works
are now under way, so that the future will see the industry
less dependent on a favourable or rainy season.
The supply of labour and explosives will right themselves as soon as our world becomes normal again.
Lode Gold.—The quantity of lode gold produced seems
to have been less than in any of the last three years. The
output is estimated at $4,814,229, as compared with $5,167,-
934 in 1915, a decrease of $353,705. The chief reason for
this decrease is a decline in the output of the Nelson Division
and a lessening of the outputs in the Boundary and Rossland Districts.
One encouraging feature is a large increase from Lillooet Division, which produced 2,625 oz., as compared with
31 oz. in 1915. 102
Vancouver Board of Trade
M
The gold production of the various districts is estimated
to have been approximately as follows: Oz.
Rossland  t -.- _:.-... 129,790
Boundary   82,731
Nelson  7,477
Skeena  .:.... 4,401
Coast  - I :...... 3,148
Lillooet  _ - -  2,625
All others  .   |  2,737
The production in the Rossland District shows a decrease of 12,805 oz. as compared with 1915, which is accounted for by a decrease in the tonnage shipped.
The Boundary District shows a decrease of 5,039 bz.
as compared with 1915, which is accounted for by the lower
grade of ore smelted.
The Nickel Plate production is expected to have been
about the same as the previous year—viz., 38,000 oz. The
other properties in this district only contribute small
amounts, and of these the Carmi and Divident-Lakeview
were not operated during the year.
A reduction of about 1,756 oz. is estimated for the
Nelson District, due to no production having been made
from the Mother Lode mine on Sheep creek, which was idle
all year. The mine is at present closed and the future
plans of the company are not known.
The Queen mine, on Sheep creek, made about the same :
output as the previous year, and it said that development-
work on the lower levels is proving satisfactory in snowing
the continuation of the ore-shoots.
The Second Relief, near Erie, milled more ore than in
1915, and the Granite-Poorman, near Nelson, which again
entered the list of producers in 1915, is expected to have-
made a larger output than in the previous vear.
The Yankee Girl mine, at Ymir, has not shipped any
ore for two years, but a low-level tunnel has been driven
into the vein and drifting was commenced on it. This
work is now progressing and good ore is being found. It
is probable that a mill will be erected on the property in the
near future. Annual Report, 1916-1917
103
The production of gold from the Skeena District is
practically all from the Hidden Creek mine at Anyox.    Less
-gold was produced than in the previous year, due to the ore
" being lower in gold-tenure; the ore is primarily a copper
ore with very  small  gold  contents;  so  that  fluctuations
from year to year are to be expected.
The Coast production shows an increase, due to the
larger output from the Britannia mine, from 2,490 oz. to
3,148 oz.
The Omineca production comes almost entirely from
the Rocher Deboule mine, near Hazelton, which is a new
property that only commenced shipping last year. The
ore is a high-grade copper ore, carrying low gold and silver
values.
In the Bridge River camp of Lillooet Division several
fgold-quartz properties, all of which were worked in previous years, were reopened and results are said to be very
encouraging. The main producers were the Pioneer, Lome,
and Coronation, all of which are equipped with mills.
About 21 per cent, of the gold production of the province comes from the milling of auriferous quartz ores and
79 per cent, from the smelting of copper ores carrying gold
and silver.
Silver.
The quantity of silver produced is estimated to have
been about 3,366,205 oz., worth $2,099,838, a decrease from
the production of 1915 of 301 oz., but, owing to the higher
market value of silver, an increase in value of $510,847.
The increase in the market price of silver which commenced
.in the last months of 1915, continued throughout 1916, the
price rising gradually from 56.77 at the beginning of the
year to 75.76 cents an ounce at the end of December; the
average price for the year was 65.66 cents, as compared with
49.68 in 1915 and 54.81 in 1914.
Approximately the output was the same as in 1915.
Increases occurred in Fort Steele, Ainsworth, Omineca,
Nelson, Boundary, and the Coast Districts, and decreases
occurred in Slocan, Skeena, and Trail Creek Divisions.
The approximate production of the various districts is
estimated to have been as follows: 1
104 Vancouver Board of Trade
Oz.
Slocan and Slocan City ._ 1,608,800
Fort Steele I   509,450
Ainsworth   321,476
Boundary    316,128
Skeena      167,379
Trail Creek     132,080
Coasf :    114,071
Omineca  j j    106,397
All others     90,424
Total 3,366,205
The Slocan. District again leads all others in the production of silver, although this year's output of that district
was apparently about 200,000 oz. less than in 1915.
The largest producer in the Slocan was again the
Standard, at Silverton, with an output estimated at about
680,000 oz., followed by the Rambler-Cariboo and the Galena
Farm. The production of the Slocan District would have
been considerably greater but for the destruction, early in
the year, by fire of the mill where the Surprise ore was
treated. The mine, therefore, only made a small output as
compared with about 300,000 oz. in 1915. A new mill has
been erected and is in operation, so this property will contribute substantially to the silver production in 1917. The
total number of shipping mines in the district was about
thirty.
The larger production in Ainsworth is due to increased
production from the Highland, owned by the Consolidated
Company,, and the Bluebell, both of which were operated ,
continuously throughout  the year.
In East Kootenay the main production is from the
Sullivan mine, which is expected to have produced about
500,000 oz., which is a slight increase over the 1915 production of 474,253 . oz. Small amounts come from the St.
Eugene, Monarch, and Paradise mines.
Over 55 per cent, of the Boundary production of silver
comes from the Granby. Company's mines at Phoenix.
Other mines contributing are the Mother Lode, Sally, Horn
Silver, and Union.
The silver production from Trail Creek comes from
the smelting o.f the gold-copper ores of Rossland camp,
which carry about J^-oz. of silver to the ton.
J Annual Report, 1916-1917
105
The Skeena production comes almost entirely from the
Granby Company's Hidden Creek mine, at Anyox.
The Omineca production shows an increase of about
34 per cent, as compared with the previous year, largely due
to an increased production from the Silver Standard mine, at
Hazelton.
The coast production of silver comes from the smelting of copper ores carrying low values in the precious
metals. As a larger tonnage of copper ore was smelted, the
silver output shows an increase.
About 82.5 per cent, of the total provincial output of
silver comes from the treatment of silver-lead'-zinc ores and
the balance mainly from the smelting of gold-copper ores
carrying silver.
Lead.
The total amount of lead produced in 1916 is estimated to have been 52,242,183 lb., valued at $3,186,773. This
represents, as compared with the previous year, an increase
in quantity of 5,738,593 lb., and in value of $1,247,573. This
is the greatest production of lead since the y)iar 1913, and
the value of the 1916 output, by reason of the high market
price for lead, is the greatest in the history of mining in the
province. The previous record year was in 1900, when 63,-
358,621 lb. was produced, valued at $2,691,887.
The market price of lead remained at a high mark all
year; the average price for January, 1916, was 5.921 cents,
the December price 7.51 cents, and the average 6.858 cents
a pound.
The following table shows the estimated -production of
lead according to districts:
Lb.
Fort Steele  : W 26,782,053
• Slocan _ 14,434,585
Ainsworth  -... 8,689,839
Nelson ..-4,176,780
Windermere-Golden     616,000
Omineca        254,983
All others j     287,943
-Total  12,242,183 106
Vancouver Board of Trade
The large production in Fort Steele Division comes al-j
most entirely from the Sullivan mine, owned by the Consolidated Company; the 1916 output of the mine was nearly the;
same as in 1915.
The figures for Slocan show a slight decrease from the
output of the previous year, due principally to the temporary withdrawal of the Surprise from the shipping-list.
The heaviest contributor was again the Standard, at Silverton, with an output of about 6,500,000 lb., followed by
the Galena Farm, with 1,900,000 lb., the Rambler-Cariboo
with 1,300,000 lb., and the Slocan Star with over 1;000,000
lbs.
The production from Ainsworth shows an increase ofo
5,253,655 lb., or 153 per cent. This large increase was
due to the return of the Highland to the shipping-list with
| production estimated at 2,580,000 lb., and to the operation
of the Bluebell mine for a full year instead of one-half year
as in 1915, with a corresponding doubling of production of
nearly so.
Nelson Division produced about 200,000 lib. more lead"
than in 1915.     i he principal shipper is the Emerald, but
the 1916 production was augmented by shipments from the
H. B., Molly Gibson, and Spokane mines.
The Windermere-Golden District produced about three
times as much lead as in 1915.    The Monarch, at Field,
made about the same output as in 1915, but a number of
properties were worked in the Windermere District which'
had been idle for some years.    Of these, the Paradise was ;
the most important and the Lead Queen the next biggest
shipper.    In all, seven or eight properties are reported to.
have shipped from the Windermere Division.
The Omineca production of lead was about the same
as in 1915, and' the greater portion of it came from the
Silver Standard mine, at Hazelton, which produced 193,000
lb.  of lead.
Copper.
The amount of copper estimated to have been produced
during the year 1916 is the largest in the history of copper-
mining in the province, amounting as it does to 67,757,075
lb., worth $18,429,924; the highest previous production was
made in 1915. Annual Report, 1916-1917
107
The production as estimated for 1916, compared with
that of the previous year, shows an increase in quantity of
10,838,670 lb., and in value of $8,594,424, or 87.4 per cent.
Owing to the heavy demand1 for war purposes, principally for brass to be used in shells, the market price of
copper increased steadily during the year. The year opened with copper at about 24 cents a pound in the New York
market, and at the end of December it was 31.9 cents; the
average price for the year was 27.2 cents, as compared
with an average price of 13.6 cents in 1914 and 17.275 cents
in 1915. This higher market value of the metal assisted
materially in raising the value of the copper produced,
thereby greatly stimulating production.
The large increase in quantity of copper produced this
year is due to a greatly increased production from the
Granby Company's Hidden Creek mine, at Anyox, on Observatory Inlet, to a return to a nearly normal output from
the Boundary District, and to a nearly doubled production
from the Britannia  mine.
The Rossland District is expected to have made a
slightly decreased output, due to a smaller tonnage from the
Rossland mines, which, in turn, was due to a coke shortage,
preventing the Trail smelter from operating throughout the
year at full capacity.
The copper production from the several districts is
expected to have been approximately as follows:
Lb.
Skeena Division    26,056,005
Southern Coast District 18,853,916
Boundary District 16,618,284
Trail Creek Division  4,081,500
Omineca Division  1,262,730
All other districts      884,640
Total  67,757,075
The big mine and smelter of the Granby Company at
Anyox were operated continuously throughout the year,
imd the tonnage treated was gradually increased, until, at
the end of the year, 2,200 tons a day was being smelted.
The Granby Company this year produced from its mines in
Skeena and Boundary 59 per cent, of the Province's copper
production. 108
Vancouver Board of Trade'
Another important producer of copper in the northern
portion of the Province is the Rocher Deboule mine, near
Hazelton. The production of this mine in 1916 was about
10,000 tons, containing over 1,250,000 lb. copper.
In the Boundary District the Granby Company's mines
at Phoenix and smelter at Grand Forks were operated to
nearly full capacity throughout the year, but were slightly
handicapped by the coke shortage. A larger tonnage of ore
was mined and smelted than in 1915, but the production of
copper was slightly less. This was due to handling a considerable tonnage of ore from which a recovery of only 10
lb. to the ton was made, which, owing to the high market
price of copper, it was possible to handle at a profit and
thereby increase the ore reserve of the mine. A lot of this
low-grade material was handled by the electric shovel, and
the cost of mining and handling was, therefore, very low.
The   British   Columbia   Copper   Company   operated
steadily throughout the year and made a larger production
than in 1915, although this company was also affected by
the coke shortage and.for part of the year could only run:
one furnace.
The Britannia mine had a very successful year, the tonnage of ore mined and milled being about 400,000 tons, containing 18,000,000 lb. copper, 98,000 oz. silver, and 800 oz.
gold. The ore reserves at this mine are large—claimed to
be about 17,000,000 tons—and it is expected the yearly tonnage treated will increase S'till further, as the ultimate plans
of the company are to have milling capacity to handle.4,000
tons a day.
The copper-mines on Texada Island are expected to
have made a larger output than in 1914; the most important
producer is again the Marble Bay.
More small shipments of copper ore were made from
Vancouver Island and along the Coast than in 1915. The
high price of copper has stimulated the work of developing
copper-showings on the Coast, and while this has not resulted in any great quantity of ore being shipped in 1916,
it is likely that a considerable increase of production will I
take place in 1917.
The only production of copper in the Nelson Division
was from the Eureka mine, but the reopening of the old Annual Report, 1916-1917
109
Silver King mine about the end of the year may assist cop-
- per production from this Division in 1917.
Copper-mining is now the most important form of mining in the Province, and this year the value of the copper
mined exceeded the total value of all other metalliferous
minerals, and also exceeded the combined value of coal and
coke production. It formed 56.3 per cent, of the total value
of the metalliferous mines and 42 per cent, of the total mineral production.    In the working of the large, low-grade
■- copper-deposits and the subsequent smelting of the ores
produced, a great number of men are employed and a large
proportion of the money value is retained in the country
in the payment of wages and purchase of supplies.
All the copper ores carry small amounts of the precious
metals, and, therefore, any increase in the copper produc-
p tion also increases the output of gold and silver. The high
price of copper during the past year has stimulated prospecting and the development of copper claims, and there is no
doubt that the provincial output will steadily grow in
future years.
The most important metallurgical development in connection with copper-mining during the year 1916 was the
establishment of a copper-refinery at the Trail smelter.
Until this year all copper produced in the Province was shipped to Eastern points as blister-copper and there refined,
but with a start at refining having been made, it may be
expected that an increasing amount of the copper-output
will be refined in the Province.
The plant at Trail has a capacity of 10 tons of refined
copper a day, but is being increased to 15 tons a day; it
treats blister-copper from the Trail smelter and part of the
blister-copper produced at the Greenwood smelter of the
British Columbia Copper Company.
The smelting plant at Ladysmith owned by the Tyee
Copper Company, which has lain idle since 1911, was sold
near the end of the year, but no announcement has yet been
made as to who has bought it. It is said that the purchasers
intend to enlarge the smelter, equip it with converters, and
possibly to erect a copper refinery to refine the- blister-copper produced. It is said that a supply of ore to keep the
smelter going steadily has been secured or is controlled,
and in addition the smelter will be in the field for custom ore. 110
Vancouver Board of Trade
Zinc.
The quantity of zinc estimated to have been produced
in 1916 amounted to 33,534,829 \b., having a value of $3,-
648,589. These figures are very much higher than those
of 1915, which was itself a record year. While the years
1915 and 1916 show great increases in production as compared with previous years, the very high prize of zinc ih
those two years makes the value of the production still
higher in comparison with previous years.
The following table illustrates the great increase from
1914 onwards:
Lb. Value
1913   6,758,768       $  324,421
1914   7,866,467 346,125
1915  12,982,440 1,460,524
1916  33,435,829 3,648,589
It is interesting to note that in 1916 the value of the zinc
production was greater by $461,816 than the value of the
lead produced, which latter itself was a record.
The market price of zinc dropped somewhat in 1916 as
compared with 1915, but it still remained over twice the
normal before-the-war price and still remained sufficiently
high to greatly stimulate production. The average price
for the year was 12.804 cents and the average for the
month of December 10.66 cents.
An important event during the year was the commencement, in the spring, of the production of refined zinc
at the new electrolytic zinc plant at the Trail smelter. This
plant, which has a capacity of 25 tons a day of refined zinc,
uses a new process which takes in the raw ore and turns
out refined zinc. This is the first time that zinc ore has
ever been treated in a commercial plant in British Columbia,
and therefore adds a new industry to those which centre
around mining. The plant was designed and built to treat
ore from the Consolidated Company's Sullivan mine, but
towards the end of the year some zinc concentrate was
bought from the Lucky Jim mine and treated.
The following table shows the districts from which the
zinc production of the Province is made: Annual Report, 1916-1917 111
Lb.
Slocan  18,059,887
Fort Steele  12,000,000
Nelson   _  2,800,000
Windermere-Golden       312,000
Ainsworth       194,326
Omineca  168,616
Total  33,534,829
In the Slocan District the heaviest shipper is the
Standard with approximately 9,530,000 lb., followed by the
Slocan Star, the Galena Farm with about 2,500,000 lb., the
Lucky Jim, and the Rambler-Cariboo. The Slocan production consists largely of concentrates, which is all shipped to United States smelters for treatment.
The Fort Steele production comes entirely from the
Sullivan mine; the ore is shipped to the Trail electrolytic
refinery.
The Nelson production is a zinc-carbonate ore shipped
to United States smelters for treatment, and comes from
the H. B. group of mines, near Salmo.
The output of zinc from Windermere-Golden is all
made by the Monarch mine, at Field, and is produced as a
concentrate.
For the first time a production of zinc was made from
the Omineca Division. This came from the Silver Standard mine, and was hand-sorted ore averaging about 40 per
cent, zinc and 60 oz. silver.
Other Minerals.
No iron ore has been actually shipped during the past
year, but some development and prospecting has again
begun, stimulated by the demand for iron and steel which
has been emphasized by the war having monopolized all the
usual outside sources of supply, while the high freight
rates have only made the lack of local production more
pronounced.
The consequent strong agitation in favour of a local
iron-smelting plant and the hope that such may materialize
in the near future has led the owners of iron claims adjacent to the Coast to expect a market for their ores. 112
Vancouver Board of Trade
As is well known, there is on the Coast, in the aggregate, an adequate supply of magnetite-iron ore quite sufficiently free from impurities as to be within the "Bessemer
limit."
A small quantity of crude platinum is obtained from
placer-mining operations in the Similkameen District, but,
although such platinum occurs with the placer gold in the
Dease Lake country, no effort has been made this last
} ear to save any appreciable amount.
The urgent demand for war purposes for antimony and
molybdenum caused the Dominion Government Munitions
Resources Commission to detail two ex-members of the
Geological Survey, W. F. Ferrier and J. C. Gwillim, to
spend the best part of the season in British Columbia in
search of any available ores of these metals.
It has not yet been learned what success attended
these efforts as far as antimony is concerned, though it is
understood a small shipment was made from Three Forks.
The drop in the price of the metal from 40 cents to 12 to 14
cents later in the season discouraged production.
As regards molybdenite ores, Mr. Gwillim reports that.
he has secured the following shipments:
Molly Mine 15 to 20 tons ore running about 12 p.c. MoS2.
Index Mine, Texas Creek, 9 tons ore running about
16 per cent. MoS2.
Alice Arm, 383 tons ore running about 2 p.c. MoS2.
Keremeos, 2 tons ore running about ^30 p.c. MoS2.
It is understood that these ores were shipped to Ottawa to be there concentrated in the government mill up
to the required commercial grade of about 85 per cent.
MoS2 for which payment is to be made at the rate of approximately $20 a unit, less a nominal charge for concentrating.
At the Molly, the Index, and at Alice arm there are considerable tonnages of lower-grade ore, and if these mines
were equipped with small but suitable concentrating mills
a regular production could be maintained.
Structural Materials, Etc.
The output during 1916 of all structural materials, such
as cement, lime, building-stone, sand and gravel, brick, and
other clay products, will probablv show a slight decrease Annual Report, 1916-1917
113
from that of previous years. This is due to the cessation
of building operation, especially in the coast cities, which
commenced to decline early in 1914 and was almost entirely suspended during 1915; to a large extent this
depression in the building trades is owing to the conditions
brought on by the war.
The output for 1916 is estimated at $1,500,000, as
against $1,571,181 in the preceding year, $2,852,917 in 1914,
and $3,398,100 in 1913.
During the years 1915 and 1916 a large amount of
rough building-stone in the shape of large granite blocks
was used in the building of the government breakwater
and piers at the Outer Wharf, Victoria. The outputs of
Portland cement, sand, gravel, and of brick are expected
to have been about the same as in the previous year.
As far as can be learned, none of the gypsum companies or marble-quarries made any appreciable output.
About 90 per cent, of the output of structural materials is made in the Coast District, and practically all of this
i.s used in the Coast cities.
Coal and Coke.
It is estimated that the gross production of coal was
2,495,893 long tons, of which 439,221 tons was made into
coke, leaving the net production at 2,026,672 tons. These
figures show an increase, as compared with 1915, of 513,313
tons gross and of 415,543 tons net. The quantity of coke
made was about 270,475 tons, which is an increase of about
24,604 tons as compared with 1915. For purposes of comparison the following table is shown:
Est. 1916
1915
1914
1913
1912
1911
pial,  gross tons, 2,240 lb.
Less made
into coke         "
2,495,893
439,221
1,972,580
361,451
2,166,428
355,461
2,570,760
433,277
3,025,709
396,905
2,297,718
104,656
Coal,  net             "
2,026,672
1,611,129
1,810,967
2,137,483
2,628,804
2,193,062
Coke made             " '
270,475
245,871
234,577
286,045
264,333
66,005
In these figures for 1916 the output for the month of
December has had to be estimated, consequently the final
figures may vary from them slightly. 114
Vancouver Board of Trade
Summarizing the Provincial production of coal, the following table shows the estimated output for 1916:
■ Tons of 2,240 lb.
From Vancouver Island collieries  _ 1,510,456
From Nicola and Similkameen collieries     104,548
From Crowsnest District collieries   880,889
Total quantity of coal mined 2,495,993
Less made into coke (calculated)   439,221
Net quantity of coal produced 2,026,672
In addition to the above net production of coal, there
was made the coke production shown in the following
table:
Tons of 2,240 lb.
From Vancouver Island collieries     28,044
From Nicola and Similkameen collieries.  Nil
From Crowsnest District collieries    242,431
Total    1  270,475.
As will be seen by the above figures, the net coal production this year is expected to be some 415,543 tons (2,240
lb.) greater than it was in 1915, and again about reaches the
figures prevailing before the war began.
This output would have been considerably greater had
not the Crowsnest Collieries met with a series of misfortunes
during the year that interfered with production, and in addition to this there was a serious shortage of labour—partly
caused by the heavy enlistment of the younger men—and
in the fall there were labour troubles.
All these contributed to occasion a shortage of both
coal and coke, when the demand was most keen.
Coke.—The production of coke in 1916 was about 270,-
475 tons (2,240 lbs.), which is 24,604 tons greater than the
preceding year, and, with the exception of the year 1913, is
greater than any year since 1905.
The high market price of the metals, particularly copper, kept the copper-smelting plants, both of the Interior
and the Coast, running to full capacity, or as the coke-
supply would permit. Annual Report, 1916-1917
115
Of this gross coke production 242,431 tons was made
by the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company in East Kootenay,
and the remaining 28,044 tons was made by the Canadian
Collieries at Comox, V. I.
Vancouver Island Collieries.
The Vancouver Island Collieries made a gross output of
1,510,000 tons of coal, or about 489,000 tons more than in
1915.
Western Fuel Co.—This company mined this past
year about 560,000 tons of coal, an increase over the previous year of about 144,000 tons.
The Nanaimo Colliery, in the City of Nanaimo, is
entered by No. 1 or Esplanade shaft, which is connected
by underground workings with a shaft on Protection Island
and also on Newcastle Island. The workings are at a
depth of from 600 to 1,200 feet, and are very extensive,
including a large submarine area. On the north side both
the Douglas and Newcastle seams are operated; on the
south side only the Douglas or Upper seam is worked.
This property has been in operation since 1881, and is still
the largest producing coal mine in the province.
The Reserve Colliery is situated about five miles from
Nanaimo; the Douglas seam is reached through two shafts
950 feet in depth. This property became a producer in
1914; development has been much retarded owing to
faulted and much-disturbed condition of the seam. It gives
promise of being a large producer in 1917.
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Ltd.—This company
operates two collieries—Comox, situated at Cumberland,
seventy miles north of Nanaimo, and Wellington Extension,
at Extension, six miles south-west of Nanaimo.
The mines of the Comox Colliery are situated around
Cumberland, and are connected by a standard-gauge railway with the seaboard at Union Bay, where are situated
the loading-piers, a coal-washery, and a battery of 100
coke-ovens.
The mines operated during the year are Nos. 4 and M
slopes and No. 6 shaft.
Little change has been made at the colliery during the
year.    The larger demand for bunker coal during the year 116
Vancouver Board of Trade
is reflected in the output of 453,122 tons, an increase of
192,000 tons over the previous year.
The mines of the Wellington-Extension Colliery are
situated around Extension, and are connected by a standard-gauge railway with tide-water, and the E. & N. Railway
at Ladysmith, where a coal-washery, bunkers, and loading-
piers are situated.
Four mines were operated during the year, Nos. 1, 2,
and 3, entered by a tunnel 5,000 feet in length, and No. 4
entered by shaft. The output for the year was 262,377
tons, an increase of about 95,000 tons over that of 1915.
Pacific Coast Coal Mines, Ltd.—This company operated
the South Wellington and Morden Collieries; these are situated about six miles south of Nanaimo, and produced during
the past year 155,000 tons, an increase of 25,000 tons over
the previous year.
A new slope was driven at the Morden shaft, and the
shaft-bottom reconstructed at a point 13 feet lower than the
t.ld temporary shaft-bottom; this improvement should make
possible a larger output from this mine during the present
year.
•No work was done during, the year on the Suquash
Colliery, owned by this company, and situated on the northern part of Vancouver Island.
Vancouver-Nanaimo Coal Mining Co.—This company
operates the New East Wellington Colliery, situated two
miles west of .Nanaimo, and is working the Old Wellington seam. • The output for the past year was 79,000 tons,
an increase of 31,000 tons over that of 1915, reflecting, in
common with other companies on Vancouver Island, the
general improvement in the business over the previous
year.
Nicola and Similkameen Coalfields.
These coalfields produced in 1916 about 104,000 tons
an increase over the previous year of 5,000 tons. Here, as
on Vancouver Island, the demand exceeded the output,
which was hampered through shortage of labour.
In the Nicola District two companies produced coal in
1916, viz., Middlesboro Colleries, Limited, and the Inland
Coal and Coke Company. Annual Eeport, 1916-1911;
117
The Middlesboro Colliery is estimated to have produced 49,000 tons during the year, an,increase of 1,000 tons
over that of 1915. . ,
The Inland Coal and Coke Company produced 30,000
tons, being 4,000 tons less than the previous year.
The Pacific Coast Colliery Company produced no coal
during the past year.
Near the end of the year a new organization known as
the Merritt Collieries, Limited, took over the holdings of the
former Diamond Vale Company, situated at Merritt. This
property will likely be a producer in 1917.
In the Similkameen section the Princeton Coal and
Land Company, situated at Princeton, was, as in the former
year, the only producer; the output is estimated at 24,500
tons, being an increase of 9,000 tons over the previous year.
East Kootenay Coalfield.
There were only two companies producing in this field
in 1916—the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, operating
collieries at Coal Creek (Fernie) and at Michel, and the
Corbin Coal and Coke Company, with its colliery at Corbin.
There was mined in this district in 1916 some 881,000
tons of coal, an increase of 28,000 tons over 1915.
Of this tonnage, about 365,000 tons was used to make
coke and yielded 242,431 tons of that commodity, an increase
of 2,000 tons over that of the previous year.
Owing to high prices prevailing for metals, and the
consequent activity, of the- metal-mines and smelters, the
demand for coal and coke from this district far exceeded
the output.
The early portion of the year gave promise of a much
larger production than that realized. The output was
seriously affected in the latter half of the year through
labour troubles; also an explosion in No. 3 East mine, Michel
Colliery, early in August, which cut off the production of
this mine for the remainder of the year; and the "bumps",
in No. 1 East mine, at Coal Creek, which seriously curtailed
the output of that colliery during November and December.
In addition to this, operations were seriously hampered by
• the scarcity of labour, and despite the active demand for
coal and coke the district showed but a very small increase
over the previous year's operations. 118
Vancouver Board of Trade
Of the seven mines operated at Coal Creek in 19) 5; No.
1 East, on the south side of the tipple, was by far the
largest producer. This mine was producing 1,500 tons a
day up to the early part of November, when a series of
"bumps" wrecked the greater portion of the mine, cutting
the production to 500 tons a day.
A new fan was installed at No. 1 North mine during
the year, and work started on the foundations for a similar
installation at No. 1 South mine.
Michel Colliery had three mines in operation during
the year, the largest producer being No. 3 East, which was
wrecked on August 7th by a disastrous explosion, cutting
off production for the remainder of the year.
Shortage of labour interfered with the opening of two
new mines in the upper seams on the south side of Michel
Creek.
Corbin Coal and Coke Co.—The output of this company for the year was 69,000 tons, an increase of 6,500 tons
over that of 1915.
The major portion of this production was from the
open-cut or surface workings of No. 3 mine, or "Big
Showing." -
The operations at this mine, which is reached by a
switchback railway, the motive power being locomotives
of the Shay type, are carried on entirely on the surface, the
coal being loaded by steam>-shovel direct into hopper-bottom or dump cars.
With a view to removing impurities from the coal, a
cleaning plant was installed during the year. This plant is
situated at Corbin; the coal from the "Big Showing" is
hauled in dump-cars to the cleaning plant, passed through
the plant and loaded into the railway-carts for shipment.
No. 4 mine was closed down during the early part of
last year, but was reopened in August. The operations at
this mine are all underground. Annual Report, 1916-1917
119
MEMORANDUM   TREATING   WITH   THE   IRON
RESOURCES   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
SUBMITTED TO THE   DOMINIONS  ROYAL COMMISSION   BY
N.  THOMPSON.   PRESIDENT   BOARD   OF
TRADE, VANCOUVER
1916
One of the great object lessons which the nations of
the world should learn from the great war now being waged
in Europe, is the intrinsic value of Whatever mineral resources they may possess; and this is especially true so far
as the British Empire is concerned—an Empire, on which
the sun never sets, that possesses one-fifth of the surface of
the globe, and which controls greater mineral resources than
any other nation. This Empire ought to be .commercially
supreme and independent in times of peace, and industrially
independent and wholly self-reliant in times of war.
That Great Britain was not in this position at the. outbreak of the war, is now common knowledge; and to remedy
this defect, and' make her more secure in the future, should
be the aim and object of every business man and1 statesman
throughout the Empire.
Industrial supremacy depends on the natural resources
of coal, iron and other minerals which a nation may possess.
In the transition from wood to iron, in the shipbuilding
and structural iron business, Gr^at Britain possessed fche
monopoly of the raw material in the shape of iron, stone,
coal, coke and lime, but in the subsequent evolution or
transition from iron to mild steel, consequent on the introduction of the Bessemer and1 open hearth processes of steel
manufacture, Great Britain lacked the necessary raw material in the shape of hematite iron, and naturally had to
take her place as a competitor for the world's markets in
iron and steel manufacturers. Consequently, she had at the
outbreak of the war dropped from first place in the manufacture of pig-iron to fourth place, the United States,
Germany and France having passed her in the race for
supremacy.
We are now on the eve of another transition in the
manufacture of iron and steel in which the carbonate ores
and iron stone of Great Britain, as well as the hematite ores
of Spain and the United States, will be succeeded by the 120
Vancouver Board of Trade
high-grade magnetic ores of Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Africa, and I take it that the object of this Dominions'
Royal Comjmission is to collect data and information upon
which to build the superstructure of an industrially and
wholly self-reliant nation or Empire.
Canada as a Factor.
Canada has a total area of 3,600,000 square miles of
territory, not more than 25% of which has been explored;
but notwithstanding this, it has been proved that her share,
of the mineral wealth of the world is enormous.
Mineral Production.
In 1886 the mineral production of Canada amounted to
$10,221,255, equivalent to a per capita value of $2.23. In
1913 the value was $145,634,812, or a per capita value of
$18.77. These figures are significant and show that some
progress had been made in the production of minerals since
the advent of the first transcontinental railway in 1885.
Nevertheless, the development has been slow and totally
inadequate to supply the domestic demand', as is evidenced
by the imports into this country of the products of the mine.
According to the annual report of the mineral production of
Canada for the year 1913, there was imported into Canada
mine products and manufactures thereof having a total value
of $252,806,046.
The Province of British Columbia has a territorial area
oPapproximately 300,000* square miles, and contains 265,-
000,000 acres of land rich in mineral, timber and agricultural
wealth.
According to the report of the Minister of Mines for
the year ending December, 1915, the total mineral production of British Columbia from 1852 to 1915 amounts to $516,-
270,253. From 1852 to 1892, a term of 40 years, the production was only $81,090,069.
The production shows a steady increase from 1893 to
1912, which was the record year in the mineral history of
the Province, amounting to $32,440,800. In 1913 the production dropped to $30,296,398, and in 1914 to $26,388,825.
The decrease in production in 1913 and 1914 is accounted
for in the reduced output of the coal mines, caused by labour
troubles in the Vancouver Island coal mines, and the adoption of crude oil as a fuel by the railways and steamship Annual Report, 1916-1917
121
owners on the Coast. The production for 1915 is $29,447,-
508, but the output of the metalliferous mines for 1915 is
the largest in the history of the Province, being about 14%
greater than 1912, and it is estimated that the output for
1916 will approximate 40 millions, or an increase of 25%.
This increase, of course, is due to a great extent to the extra
demand for copper, lead and zinc on account of the war.
Iron Ore Production.
The report of the Minister of Mines on the iron deposits
of the Province is anything but encouraging for an industry
of such importance to the welfare of the Empire. It may
be true that no material advancement has been made in the
utilization of the numerous deposits throughout the Province, and it is unfortunately true that no blast furnace
exists in the Province whereby the ore, which we know does
exist, can be red>uced to pig-iron. It is not true, however,
to say that there is no market in the Province for iron ore.
Perhaps one of the most widespread effects of the
present war upon the Canadian import trade will result from
the cutting off of the supplies of iron and steel goods that
have been coming from Germany.
For the year ending March 31st, 1914, iron and steel
goods amounted to $2,824,000, or nearly one-fifth of the
total import of German goods into Canada. In 1912, British
Columbia imported approximately 120,000 long tons of iron
and steel, valued at $2,000,000. This included 8,000 tons of
pig-iron, valued at over $100,000. The prevailing prices for
imported pig-iron in pre-war times was from $25 to $32.50
per ton; yet according to Mr. Einar Lindeman, M.E., who
reported on the iron ore deposits of British Columbia for
the Federal Government in 1910, the best grades of foundry
pig-iron could be manufactured from our magnetite ores at
$16.00 per ton, and he concludes his report by saying that it
would therefore appear that an iron industry on the Coast
of British Columbia should be fairly remunerative, provided
that the Province has a sufficient market to support such
an industry. This, however, did not seem to be the Case at
the time Mr. Lindeman made his report. The imports of
pig-iron in 1908 were only 2,282 short tons. He maintains
that with such a limited home market, an iron industry
would have to find an outlet for its surplus product outside
the Province, and he suggests further that though a profit- 122
Vancouver Board of Trade
able iron industry does not at present seem probable, there
is room for confident anticipation that, with the prospective
rapid development of the Province, the conditions will be
more favorable in the future, and that it will then be practicable to turn to profitable account the iron ore resources
on the Coast of British Columbia.
I feel quite sure that when Mr. Lindeman made the
above statement he bad no idea that his prophecy would be
fulfilled in such a short period of time, and that in 1912 the
imports of pig-iron would have increased 250% in two years.
There are several well known iron ore deposits in
British Columbia, notwithstanding the fact that less than
20% of the Province has been prospected or explored, and
the Provincial Department of Mines have given absolutely
no thought or consideration to this branch of the ore deposits. The fact that the bulk of the known ores are magnetites should not prevent their exploitation. There is a
good market for mining and other crucible steels in this
Province, and these steels are manufactured principally from
magnetite ores from Norway and Sweden; and I have it on
the best authority from Sheffield1, that high-grade crucible
tool steels can be manufactured from British Columbia
magnetites at $2.00 per ton cheaper than from the best Norway ores. This is possible on account of the high iron content and freedom from impurities of these ores.
The Future of Iron.
Whatever may have been true of the past, the future
is in the making, and the safety and continuity of the British
race depends on its control of the natural resources of coal
and iron within the Empire.
Mr. Wallace Thornycraft, speaking at one of the meetings of the Dominions Royal Commission in London, in
1912, said that Great Britain imported over 6,000,000 tons of
iron ore per year, and 5,000,000 tons of this came from Spain
and the balance from Sweden and Norway; that Cumberland and Lancashire, in the Old Country, supplied only
1,500,000 tons. It was quite plain, therefore, that Great
Britain's iron industry depended upon foreign ore supplies.
Not only is this so, but, at the present rate of consumption,
the probable life of the deposits in Spain would not be more
than twenty-five years. Annual Report, 1916-1917
123
It will therefore be easily seen that the Motherland
must look to her overseas Dominions for her supplies of ore
in the future.
In 1913, just previous to the outbreak of war, the estimated world's output of iron ore was approximately 180
million tons. The United 'States, Germany and Great Britain
accounted for seven-ninths of the worlds output of pig-iron,
estimated at 75 million tons, and for three-quarters of the
aggregate production of steel, amounting to over 55 million
tons.
The production of pig-iron in the United States increased-from 8,000,000 tons in 1896 to over 37 million tons
in 1915. The total shipment of iron ore from the mines in
the United States in 1915 is estimated to have exceeded 55,-
000,000 tons, an increase over 1914 of over 38%. Based on
the same price as received in 1914, this represents an increase in total value of about $28,000,000. The increase in
pig-iron is estimated at 6,500,000 tons, with a total increase
in value of pig-iron production of more than $120,000,000.
Yet, in the face of these figures, men talk of there being no
market for iron ores.
The Weekly Bulletin for Monday, August 21st, published by the Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa,
is a marvelous indictment of the stupidity and indifference
of the British people to their own interests. Take one item,
"Steel Blooms, Billets and Slabs." In 1915, Great Britain
imported from the United States 20,000 tons of these billet?,
valued at $11,000,000. Why cannot British Columbia do
with her magnetite what Norway and1 Sweden have done:
utilize her immense water-powers for the development of
the electro-thermic process for breaking up' these ores into
pig-iron or mild steel billets. The answer is plain. This
can only be done by the co-operation of the Imperial and
Federal Governments entering into business arrangements.
Whereby these natural resources of coal, iron, nickel, copper, silver-lead and zinc will be conserved for manufacture
within the Empire.
If any further proof of this is necessary, I will again
refer to the great war in Europe. I have always believed
the fact that the possession of Lorraine has been the
strength of Germany; that from thence she has derived her
metallurgical supremacy; and that it is the direct consequence of her grip on the few miles of Lorraine soil, taken 124
Vancouver Board of Trade
in 1871, and of those other mining districts now occupied by
her in Belgium and Northern France, that she has so far
been able to hold her own against the Allies.
A few figures will make this plain. In 1913, out of
28,607,000 tons of iron ore extracted from German territory,
21,135,000 came from the Lorraine mines alone. On May
20th, 1915, representatives of the great industrial associations of Germany declared to the Chancellor of Germany
that since the beginning of hostilities, it was the iron of Lorraine which provided 80% of the manufactured iron of the
Empire, and declared that were the mining operations in
Lorraine to receive any set-back, the war would be half lost
thereby. Annual Report, 1916-1917
125
ADDRESS   ON   MINING
BY ALEXANDER  SHARP, M.E.
BEFORE  THE VANCOUVER   BOARD  OF TRADE
TUESDAY, DECEMBER  12th, 1916
The Province of British Columbia is part of that great
mineral belt known as the Cordillaran system of mountains
that extends from far south Cape Home, north through
South America, Mexico, the western United States, British
Columbia, Yukon and Alaska. In the United States it has
a length of 1,400 miles and a width of fully 500 miles. In
Canada it has a length of 1,600 miles and a width of fully
400 miles. The United States produces $450,000,000 mineral
wealth annually from its Rocky Mountain area, and Canada
about $40,000,000. About $30,000,000 of that amount is from
British Columbia.
Development and geological conditions warrant the
assumption that in Canada the mineral area will be as productive of great wealth as that of the United States.
Iron Deposits.
- Iron ore is one of the most abundant minerals found in
the Province. It is widely and conveniently distributed over
. many districts, such as Texada Island, Campbell River,
Alberni Canal, Kamloops, etc. In all there are about thirty
known iron ore deposits, and only 20 per cent, of the Province prospected.
Those of you that are acquainted with the teachings of
such political economists as Adam Smith and John S. Mill,
know how they emphasize the question of the home production of iron and steel. An ancient Greek philosopher said
that the nation that had command of the iron of the world,
had all the wealth of the world. The iron industry is the
greatest of all industries. It is the mainspring of business
life; and wherever such an industry is established, a thousand others will spring into being.
The iron ores of the Province are mainly magnetite.
Magnetite differs from hematite, inasmuch that since the
ore was formed, it has been heated by igneous rocks. Thus
changed from hematite to magnetite, makes it more difficult to convert into pig-iron than the ordinary hematite iron
Ore. 126
Vancouver Board of Trade
It is only a matter of fluxing, however, as was proven
at Irondale smelter, Washington, where approximately
20,000 tons of Texada- Island ore was reduced to pig-iron,
and manufactured into iron and steel. The ore was mixed
in the proportion of 1,700 tons of Texada ore to 50 tons of
limonite ore. Limestone was used as a flux. There is no
question as to reducing these ores into iron and steel. Mr.
Lindeman, a Swedish expert under appointment from the
Dominion Government during 1907, reported to the Government that British Columbia iron ores could be manufactured into pig-iron at a cost of $16 per ton, while the imported pig-iron coming into the Province at that time cost
from $22 to $32 per ton.
Market for Iron.  . (^|g^
The market for our manufactured iron would be at
home, and all the countries of the Pacific Ocean. There is
an ever growing market for iron the world over. A generation ago Britain was at the head in the iron industry.
All other countries did not produce as much. Before the
Franco-Prussian war (1870), the world's production of iron
amounted to 7,000,000 tons per year, and Great Britain produced four of the seven millions. At that time our great
enemy was, to use a common saying, "a small potato." Germany only produced 500,000 tons of iron per year. Germany
has been producing and learning; Britain, content to be
quite easy in her conscience, neglecting the iron resources
of the Empire. Today Germany produces twice as much
pig-iron as Britain does—Germany, 19,000,000 tons; Britain,
10,000,000 tons; U. S. A., 32,000,000 tons; Canada, 1,000,000.
But there is no use "crying over spilled milk." We had
better get together and manufacture our own iron ores into
finished articles of trade. Canada only manufactures 27 per
cent, of the iron required in the Dominion, importing the
balance.
British Columbia, with such an abundance of superb
iron, 40,225,000,000 tons of the finest coal, and a water-
power advantage capable of developing three million horsepower of electrical energy (three-quarters of a million
horsepower within transmission distance of the city of Vancouver), ought to become a great iron and steel manufacturing country.
Precious Metals.
Gold and other precious metals are distributed over the
Province.   In almost every river and creek of importance, Annual Report, 1916-1917
127
gold is found in some quantity. With the major part of
the mountain area explored, veins of gold, copper, silver,'
lead, zinc, and other ores are discovered. British Columbia's share of mineral wealth is enormous. Although not
more than twenty per cent, of the mineral area has been
prospected, it has been proven to possess great gold, silver,
copper, lead, and zinc mines. Some of the greatest placer
gold deposits on the continent of America are within the
Province.
Production.
Fully half a billion dollars' worth of mineral wealth has
been produced to date. Minerals to the value of $30,000,000
were produced last year. This year the production may
exceed $50,000,000. About 80 per cent, of this total production comes from mines owned by ten or twelve large companies. Except the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, nearly all of these companies are
foreign.
Mineral Claims.
There are fully 12,000 unworked Crown-granted mineral claims in the Province. In the Rossland, Slocan and
Ainsworth districts there are 3,3*99 on which taxes are being
paid. These claims are not all mines by any means, but a
large number of them are, and remain unworked because of
the unfavorable conditions that exist for the smaller mining
companies getting treatment. A small company operating
a mine soon finds out it is up against a fighting proposition.
The mining part of it may be all right, but follow the
ore to a smelter and see what happens. If the ore be copper,
no less than between 40 to 50 per cent, is collected for
smelter charges, losses in smelting, and marketing. Under
no circumstances can the mining company receive more
than 50 per cent, of the value of the ore. If the ore be zinc,
see again what happens. The miner must ship his ore to
the United Stateffcfor treatment. He must first pay duty on .
the lead contents, and occasionally on the zinc ore. Then a
freight rate of from $10.10 to $14.50 per ton.
Zinc.
The principal deposits of zinc ore in Canada are in
the Kootenay district of British Columbia. The ore is a
sulphide zinc blend and is associated with other minerals.
In some instances'the zinc exists in sufficient quantity to
be classed as zinc deposit, although in most instances the 128
Vancouver Board of Trade
silver-lead ore is of primary importance, the zinc a byproduct.
Most of the zinc shipments are in the form of concentrate as a by-product of the dressing of silver-lead ores.
In 1915 there were produced in the Province 15,000 tons
of zinc ores,, sulphide blend shipped as concentrates, from
which was recovered 12,982,400 pounds of zinc. All the zinc
ores hitherto produced in Canada had to be exported to the
United States to be refined and marketed. This condition
of affairs greatly retarded silver-lead-zinc mining. However, war conditions have brought some measure of relief
by the erection of a zinc plant at Trail, B. C, by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company, capable of producing refined zinc. This plant will be kept busy treating
the company's own ores. In the meantime there are fully
twenty other mines shipping zinc ores to the United States
to be refined, which means an enormous loss to the mine
owners and the Province, inasmuch as the American smelters take as much as from 66 to 77 per cent, of the ore value.
During 1915, zinc.ores to the value of $636,204 was
exported. This ore, when reduced, was sold to the Allies
for the sum of $5,270,000. By this transaction, the Province
has an economic loss of nearly $5,000,000, or fully seven
times the amount of money received from the whole industry, owing to our lack of a refinery.
The smelter question is a very serious one, especially
to the small mining companies on the Coast and along the
line of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The intervening
distance between the Granby smelter at Anyox, and Taco-
ma, Washington, is 700 miles. These smelters are so loaded
down with their own ores, that ores from other mines are
not wanted, unless at impossible charges. The zinc mines
at Hazelton ship their ore to the State of Oklahoma, at a
freight rate of $14.50 per ton. Silver-lead ore to Trail, B. C,
freight and treatment charges $25.00 per ton. No mine can
live and pay such freight and treatment charges. A remedy
must be found to encourage the operations of small mining
companies, or the greater part of the vast mineral wealth
of this Province will flow into such cities as New York.
The Remedy.
The remedy, in my opinion, is for the Government to
become more directly interested in the mining, smelting,   Annual Report, 1916-1917
129
refining and marketing the ores of the small shippers. If
prospectors and small companies were assured their ores
would be treated as cheaply as larger companies owning
smelters treat their ores, scores of small mines would be
reopened, and that great unprospected mineral area within
the Province, an area greater than the combined area of the
States of Montana and Colorado, would soon be run over
with miners and operators.
The Government of Australia, in order to encourage
greater mining efforts and to make the Australian mining
companies less dependent on outside help, lately organized
the ore shippers into a corporation of "Associated Smelters
Limited." Only shippers can become members. The small
companies, that are unable to contribute financially, are
admitted on exactly the same terms as regards smelting and
refining as the most important members. The charges are
the actual average cost over a stated period. The mine with
a small output is placed on a better basis than one with a
large output, because it is securing for its small tonnage of
ore all the advantages and economies as the larger shipper.
In this way the Government of Australia expects to encourage the small capitalist to engage in mining, smelting,
refining' and marketing metals for the good of the Commonwealth and the Empire.
It appears to me that if some such principle of smelting,
refining and marketing ores and metals was adopted in
Canada, it would greatly increase the Canadian companies
engaged in mining.
Beneficial Results Elsewhere.
After the Civil War, the United States Congress voted
several million dollars to develop the West. As a result,
the mining and smelting business in the Western States received such an impetus at the very start that there has been
a flowing tide of prosperity in those mining regions ever
since. In this way the mineral wealth of that country has
remained at home, and is kept in the country instead of enriching foreign corporations only, as is the case in Canada.
As a result of such a policy, the United States of
America is the greatest mineral producing country in the
world today. To a lesser extent, the same thing has been
done by the Governments of New Zealand, Australia, and
the Transvaal.   It is up to Canada to do likewise.    It has 130
Vancouver Board of Trade
got to be done. Public opinion demands it. It demands
that Canada become a greater manufacturing nation, that
its metals be refined and manufactured into the finished
articles of commerce at home.
Why. is it that one generation after another of young
Canadians require to leave their native land to find employment and give their life's work and make their homes in a
foreign land? The answer is simple: it is due to the lack of
Canadian industrial enterprise.
The day of Canada's opportunity has arrived. It is up
to her sons to lay hold of it. Providence has bestowed on
us a land of great natural metals, as it were, on a thousand
hills, in addition to gold in the valleys. It is for us to awake,
mine and refine our own ores; otherwise the wealth that is
ours will flow to other lands.
Next to ending the war, there is no problem so great,
so pressing, and so urgently facing the Canadian people as
that of utilizing the mineral wealth of the country. In that
way, and that way alone, will best interests of the Dominion
be advanced, and the people of Canada become a wealthy,
strong, and industrially independent nation. Annual Report, 1916-1917
131
SYNOPSIS OF LAND LAWS
CROWN LANDS.
"Crown Lands" mean and include such ungranted
Crown or public lands as are within, and belong to His
Majesty in right of the Province of British Columbia, and
whether or not any waters flow over or cover the same.
TIMBER LANDS.
Timber lands (that is, lands which contain milling timber to the average extent of 8,000 feet per acre west of the
Cascades—Coast Range—and 5,000 feet per acre east of the
Cascades—Coast Range—to each 160 acres), are not open to
pre-emption, purchase or lease.
By Order in Council, dated December 24th, 1907, the
Government placed a reserve on all timber lands undisposed
of at that date; consequently no more licenses to cut timber
will be issued until otherwise determined.
PRE-EMPTIO'NS.
Crown lands, where such a system is practicable, are
laid off and surveyed into quadrilateral townships, containing thirty-six sections of one square mile in each.
Any person being head of a family, a widow, or single
man over the age of eighteen years and being a British subject, or any alien, upon making a declaration of his intention
to become a British subject, may, for agricultural purposes,
record any tract of unoccupied and unreserved Crown lands
(not being an Indian settlement and not being timber land),
not exceeding 160 acres in extent.
No person can hold more than one pre-emption claim
at a time. Prior record of pre-emption of one claim and all
rights under it are forfeited by subsequent record or preemption of another claim.
Land recorded or pre-empted cannot be transferred or
conveyed until a Crown grant has been issued.
Such land, until the Crown grant is issued, is held by
occupation. Such occupation must be a bona fide personal
residence of the settler or his family.
The settler must enter into occupation of the land
within sixty days after recording, and must continue to
occupy it. 132
Vancouver ! Board of Trade
Continuous absence for a period longer than two
month consecutively, of the settler or family, is deemed
cessation of occupation; but leave of absence may be
granted not exceeding six months in any one year, inclusive
of two months' absence.
Land is considered abandoned if unoccupied for more
than two months, consecutively.
If so abandoned, the land becomes waste land of the
Crown.
The fee on recording is $2.00 (8s.).
The settler shall have the land surveyed at his own
expense (subject to the ratification of the boundaries),
within five years from the date of record.
After survey has been made, upon proof in declaration
in writing of himself and two other persons of occupation
for two years from the date of pre-emption, and of having
made permanent improvements on the land to the value of
$2.50 per acre, the settler, on producing the pre-emption
certificate, obtains a certificate of improvement upon the
payment of a fee of $2.00.
After obtaining the certificate of improvement and paying for the land, the settler is entitled to a Crown grant in
fee simple.   He pays $10.00 therefor.
The price of Crown land's pre-empted is $1.00 (4s.) per
acre, which must be paid in four equal instalments, as follows :    First instalment, two years from date of record or.
pre-emption, and yearly thereafter, but the last instalment is
not payable till after the survey, if the land is unsurveyed.
Two, three, or four settlers may enter into partnership
with pre-emptions of 160 acres each, and reside on one
homestead. Improvements amounting to $2.50 per acre
made on some portion thereof will secure Crown grant for
the whole, conditions of payment being same as above.
Coal and petroleum lands do not pass under grant of
lands acquired since passage, of Land Act Amendment of
1899.
No Crown grant can be issued to any alien who may
have recorded or pre-empted by virtue of his declaring his
intention of becoming a British subject, unless he has become naturalized.
The heirs or devisees of the settler are entitled to the
Crown grant on his decease. Annual Report, 1916-1917
133
PURCHASES.
Crown lands may be purchased to the extent of 640
acres, and for this purpose are classified as first and second
class, according to the report of the surveyor.
Lands which are suitable for agricultural purposes, or
which are capable of being brought under cultivation profitably, or which are wild hay-meadow lands, rank as and are
considered to be first-class lands. All other landsyfeother
than timber lands, shall rank and be classified as second-
class lands. Timber lands (that is, lands which contain
milling timber to the average extent of 8,000 feet per acre
west of the Cascades—Coast Range—and 5,000 feet per acre
east of the Cascades—Coast Range—to each 160 acres), are
not open for sale.
April, 1911: "The minimum price of first-class lands
shall be $10.00 per acre, and that of second-class lands $5.00
per acre":
Provided, however, that the Chief Commissioner may
for any reason increase the price of any land above the said
prices.
No improvements are required on such lands unless a
second purchase is contemplated. In such case the first
purchase must be improved to the extent of $3.00 per acre.
When the application to purchase is filed the applicant
shall deposit with the Commissioner a sum equal to 50 cents
per acre on the acreage applied for. When the land is finally
allotted, the purchaser shall pay the balance of the purchase
price.
LEASES.
Leases of Crown lands which have been subdivided by
surveys in lots not exceeding 20 acres, may be obtained; and
if requisite improvements are made and conditions of the
lease fulfilled at the expiration of lease, Crown grants are
issued.
Leases (containing such covenants and conditions as
may be thought advisable) of Crown lands may be granted
by the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council for the following
purposes:—
(a) For the purpose of cutting hay thereon, for a term
not exceeding ten years; 134
Vancouver Board of Trade
(b) For any purpose whatsoever, except cutting hay
as aforesaid, for a term not exceeding twenty-one'
years.
Leases shall not include a greater area than 1,000 acres.
Leased lands may be staked by an agent.
EXEMPTIONS.
The farm and buildings, when registered, cannot be
taken for debt incurred after registration; and it is free
from seizure up to a value not greater than $500.00 (£100
English). Cattle "farmed on shares" are also protected by
an Exemption Act. Pre-emptions are exempt from taxation
for two years from date of record, and there is an exemption
of $500.00 for four years after record.      ||p|
HOMESTEADS.
The Government of British Columbia does not grant
free homesteads.
The fact of a person having a homestead in another
Province, or on Dominion Government lands in this Province, is no bar to pre-empting Crown lands in British
Columbia.
DOMINION GOVERNMENT LANDS.
All the lands in British Columbia within twenty miles
on each side of the Canadian Pacific Railway main line are
the property of Canada, with all the timber and minerals
they contain (except precious metals). This tract of land,
known as the Railway Belt, with its timber, hay, water
powers, coal and stone, is now administered by the Department of the Interior of Canada, practically according to the
same laws and regulations as are the public lands in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and' the Territories. Dominion
Government Agencies are established at Kamloops and New
Westminster. The Dominion Government also owns 3,500,-
000 acres of land in the Peace River country, lying between
the 120th and 122nd meridians.
Any British subject who is the sole head of a family,,
or any male of the age of eighteen years, may secure a
homestead of 160 acres on1 any unoccupied land within the
Railway Belt, on application to the local Land Agent, and
on payment of a fee of $10.00. The homesteader must reside Annual Report, 1916-1917
135
on the land for six months in every year, and cultivate at
least 15 acres for three years, when he will be entitled to a
free grant or patent.
HOW TO SECURE A PRE-EMPTION.
Any person desiring to pre-empt unsurveyed Crown
lands must observe the following rules:—
1. Place a post 4 or more inches square and 4 or more
feet high above the ground^—a tree stump squared and of
proper height will do—at an angle or corner of the claim,
and mark upon it his name and the corner or angle represented thus:
"A. B.'s land, N. E. corner post" (meaning northeast corner, or as the case may be), and shall post a
Written or printed notice on the post in the following
form:
"I, A. B., intend to apply for a pre-emption record
of acres of land, bounded as follows:
Commencing at this post; thence north chains;
thence east chains;  thence south chains
| thence west chains (or as the case may be).
"Name (in full),
"Date,"
2. After staking the land, the applicant must make an
application in.writing to the Land Commissioner of the district in which the land lies, giving a full description of the
land, and a sketch plan of it, this description and plan to be
in duplicate.   The fee for recording is $2.00.
3. He shall also make a declaration, in duplicate, before a Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, or Commissioner,
in Form 2 of the "Land Act," and deposit same with his
application. In the declaration he must declare that the
land staked by him is unoccupied and unreserved Crown
land, and not in an Indian settlement; that the application
is made on his own behalf, and for his own use for settlement and occupation, for agricultural purposes; and that he
is duly qualified to take up and record land.
4. If the land is surveyed, the pre-emptor must make
application' to the Commissioner exactly as in the'case of
unsurveyed lands, but it will not be necessary to plant posts.
5. Every pre-emption shall be of a rectangular or
square shape, and 160 acres shall measure either 40 chains 136
Vancouver Board of Trade
by 40 chains (880 yards by 880 yards), or 20 chains by 80
chains (440 yards by 1,760 yards) ; 80 acres shall measure
20 chains by 40 chains; and 40 acres, 20 chains by 20 chains.
All lines shall run true north and south and true east and
west.
6. When a pre-emption is bounded by a lake or river,
or by another pre-emption or by surveyed land, such
boundary may be adopted and used in describing the
boundaries of the land.
7. Sixty days after recording the pre-emptor must
enter into occupation of the land and proceed with improving same. Occupation means continuous bona fide personal
residence of the pre-emptor or his family, but he and his
family may be absent for any one period not exceeding two
months in any year. If the pre-emptor can show good
reason for being absent from his claim for more, than two
months, the Land Commissioner may grant him six months'"
leave. Absence without, leave for more than two months
will be looked upon as an abandonment of all rights, and
the record may be cancelled.
8. No person can take up or hold more than one preemption.
9. The pre-emptor must have his claim surveyed, at
his own expense, within five years from the date of record.
10. The price of pre-empted land is $1.00 per acre, to
be paid for in four equal annual instalments of 25 cents per
acre, the first instalment to be paid two years after record.
11. After full payment has been made, the pre-emptor
shall be entitled to a Crown grant of the land, on payment
of a fee of $10.00.
12. A pre-emption cannot be sold or transferred until
after it is Crown-granted.
13. A pre-emption cannot be staked or recorded by an
agent.
TAXATION.
Outside of incorporated cities, towns and municipalities;
the taxation is imposed and collected directly by the Provincial Government, and expended in public improvements,
roads, trails, wharves, bridges, etc., in assisting and maintaining the schools, and in the administration of justice. Annual Report, 1916-1917
137
The rates of taxation imposed by the latest Assessment
Act are as follows:—
On real property J^ of one per cent, of assessed value
On personal property V^ of one per cent, of assessed value
On wild land ~ 4 per cent
On coal land, Class A  1 per cent.
On coal land, Class B 2 per cent.
On timber land 2 per cent.
On income of $2,000 or under 1 per cent.
On income of $2,000 and not exceeding $3,000 1% per cent.
On income over $4,000, not exceeding $7,000 2 per cent.
On income over $3,000, not exceeding $4,000 V/2 per cent.
On income over $4,000, not exceeding $7,000 2 per cent.
On income over $7,000 Z% per cent.
Discount of 10 per cent, allowed if paid before June
30th, and the following exemptions from taxation are
granted:—
On personal property up to $1,000 (to farmers only).
Farm and orchard products, and income from farm.
On all incomes up to $1,000.
On pre-empted land for two years from date of record,
and an exemption of $500 for four years after record.
In addition to above taxes, royalty is reserved on coal,
timber, and minerals. There is also a tax on timber, coal,
coke and minerals.
SETTLERS' EFFECTS FREE.
Settlers' effects, viz.: Wearing apparel, books, usual
and reasonable household furniture and other household
effects^; instruments and tools of trade, occupation, or
employment; guns, musical instruments, domestic sewing
machines, typewriters, bicycles, carts, wagons, and other
highway vehicles; agricultural implements, and live stock
for the farm, not to include live stock or articles for sale, or
, for use as a contractor's outfit, nor vehicles, nor implements
moved by a mechanical power, nor machinery for use in any
manufacturing establishment; all the foregoing, if actually
owned abroad by the settler for at least six months before
his removal to Canada, and subject to regulations by the
Minister of Customs: Provided that any dutiable articles
entered as settlers' effects may not be so entered unless 138
Vancouver Board of Trade
brought by the settler on his first arrival, and shall not be
sold or otherwise disposed of without payment of duty until
after twelve months' actual use in Canada.
A settler may bring into Canada, free of duty, live stock
for the farm on the following basis, if he has actually owned
such live stock abroad for at least six months before his removal to Canada, and has brought them into Canada within
one year after his first arrival, viz.: If horses only are
brought in, 16 allowed; if cattle only are brought in, 16.
allowed; if sheep only are brought in, 60 allowed; if swine
only are brought in, 60 allowed. If horses, cattle, sheep, and
swine are brought in together, or part of each, the same
proportions as above are to be observed. Duty is to be paid
on the live stock in excess of the number above provided for.
For Customs entry purposes, a mare with a colt under six
months old, is reckoned as one animal; a cow with a calf
under six months old, is also to be reckoned as one animal.
EO ■jFwlgffiffini"mfrlW^
TOffimSBi^aPFST^wirinrWi^^
M
«£*.
Annual Report, 1916-1917
INDEX
139
Page
Officers of the Board    2
Standing Committees    3
Membership Roll    5
President's Address  15
Agricultural Returns  22
Lumber Industry
Coast Lumber Manufactures 25
'Foreign Shipments of Lumber   27
Production of Lumber  27
Lumber Shipments from Pacific Coast   28
Fishing Industry
Salmon Pack by Canneries-— 29
Shipping
Port of Vancouver  33
Steamship Lines  35
Dockage and Warehouse
Facilities     40
Customs Returns
Imports and Exports  41
Declared Export Returns to
the   United    States   from
B.  C  56
Enland Revenue, 1911-1917  62
Post Office, 1896-1917  63
Chart Showing Canadian Exports,  1913-1916   64
List of Canadian Trade Commissioners   65
The City of Vancouver
Banks    67
S9H                                      PaSe
Banking Returns   68
Land Registry  69
Building Permits  69
City Property  70
Statement of Debentures and
Stock   77
Balance Sheet, City of Vancouver   79
Assessment  Statement,
1886-1916     83
Schools  -'--■>  84
Parks    '•  37
Churches    £  91
Consular Agents   93
Failures in Canada
From R. G. Dun & Co  94
From Bradstreets   95
Mining
Estimated Mineral Production of the Province for
1916 from Government Report    U-  97
Memorandum submitted to
Dominions Royal Commission by N. Thompson, ex-
President of Board, treating with the Iron Resources of B. C 119
Address on Mining by. Alexander Sharp, M.E 125
Synopsis of Land Laws of
B. C 131
ILLUSTRATIONS
Frontispiece—Powell  River  Paper  Mills  and  Power Falls,
Powell River, B. C.
Great Northern Railway Depot, Vancouver, B. C -  32
Dominion Government Dock, Vancouver, B. C.  64
Vancouver Creosoting-Co., Burrard Inlet  96
Britannia Mining & Smelting Co., Ltd. —- -128 

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