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BC Historical Books

Hand-book and general guide to British Columbia. April 1893 Begg, Alexander, 1825-1905 1893

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Array  o
the Hew
Vancouver Coal Mining & Land Coy,
LIMITED.
(FORMERLY THE VANCOUVER COAL COMPANY.)
Are the Largest Coal Producers on the Pacific Coast.
J
Nanaimo   Coal.     I   Southfleld Coal.
(Used Principally for Gas and Domestic Purposes.) (Steam Fuel.)
New Wellington Coal!
o
(HOUSE AND STEAM COAL.)
These Coals are Mined by this Company Only   and by Union
Labor.
THE " NANAIMO " COAL gives a large percentage of Gas, a high Illuminating
power, unequalled by any other Bituminous Gas Coals in the world, and a
superior quality of Coke.
THE " SOTJTHFIELD" COAL is now used by all the leading Steamship
Lines on the Pacific.
THE "NEW WELLINGTON" COAL, which was recently introduced, has
already become a favourite fuel for domestic purposes. It is a clean, hard
coal, makes a bright and cheerful fire, and its lasting qualities make it the
most economical coal in the market.
The several Mines of the Company are connected with their Wharves at Nanaimo
and Departure Bay, where ships of largest tonnage are loaded at all states of
the tide.   Special dispatch given to Mail and Ocean Steamers.
SAMUEL M. ROBINS,
Superintendent. Vol. I.
No. 1.
BEGG & LYNCH'S
HAND-BOOK
 AND
GENERAL  GUIDE
TO
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
CORRECTED   AND   PUBLISHED   MONTHLY.
APRIL 1893.
Contains Railway, Steamer and Stage Time Tables, Distances, Fakes and
other General Information About the Province Easy of Reference
on Almost Every Subject Connected with British Columbia
which Tourists, General Travellers or Prospectine
Settlers May Wish to be Informed Upon.
SEE  INDEX  AT    END    OF   BOOK.
PUBLISHED    BY
THE B. C, GUIDE PUBLISHING COMPANY,
victoria, b. c.
Muntoe Miller, Printer and Bookbinder, 77 Johnson Street. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
■.-.Csna^iah Pacific Railway
■NGOWER
VAMOOUVBH,   3B-   O.
'«• i
H
wwmmm
MfrolliMfi>Sto»i'i»i^^
jr. ^Ic. VI3RTUH, Manager.
225 ROOMS
VICTORIA,    B. C. Accommodatton for 300 Gnests
Main dining hall will seat 350 persons, also a large Cafe in the English style, and
a number of handsome private dining parlors.
Heated by steam.   Lighted by electric light and- gas.   Bath with hot and cold
water in every room.
Elevator to every floor.   Wide staircases and well ventilated halls.
The only strictly first-class hotel in the city.
TUrriRIARn    0or- View and B road S ts , V r CTORIA, B. 0.
Int. L/niHniS, RE DON & HARTNAGLE, Proprietors. The Province
-OP-
British  Columbia.
BRITISH COLUMBIA, which entered
the Canadian Confederation in 1871,
is the most westerly of the Canadian
Provinces. It has a coast line on the
Pacific Ocean of about 600 miles, that is,
in a straight line. If its almost innumerable indentations and bays were measured, the coast line would extend to several thousands of miles.
The area of the Province, according to
the census measurement, is 341,305
square miles. Its position on the Amer-
can continent is one of great commercial
importance, and its resources are in
keeping with its position. If it were to
be described from the characteristics of
its climate, its mineral wealth, and its
natural commercial relations, it might be
said tojbe the Great Britain and California combined of the Dominion of Canada.
The Province is divided into two parts,
the Islands, of which Vancouver is the
principal, and the Mainland. Vancouver
is about 300 miles long, with an average
breadth of about 60 miles, containing an
area of about 20,000 square miles.
British Columbia has numerous harbours and rivers, some of which are of
importance, and all are remarkable for
their bountiful, in fact, wonderful supplies of fish. The scenery which it possesses is magnificently beautiful.
The climate on the coast is more equable »nd much milder in winter than in
any other part of Canada; but as the
mountain are ascended, greater cold prevails, with more snow, and the characteristics of greater dryness of atmosphere
which mark the climate of the interior of
the continent are found.
There is very little frost or snow. An
abstract of one year gives 201 fine days,
96 overcast, 50 rainy, and 17 on which
snow fell. Gooseberry buds opened the
middle of February ; early plants came
in leaf the 2nd of March, and native
hemp 3 inches high; catkins in full
bloom on March 7th ; buttercups in flower March 29th ; strawberries in bloom
April 13th; apple trees in bloom May
6th ; beans in- blossom May 12th ; strawberries ripe May 25th; raspberries ripe
July 9th.
The climate of Victor a and its suitability for invalids is described by a traveller in the following words :—" Victoria
has a climate unequalled anywhere,
which is specially recommended to health
seeking invalids. The atmosphere is
charged with ozone peculiar to Victoria
only. It orignates in the snow cooled
breezes in the Olympian range (about 60
miles south-west of the city), mixes with
the salt air of the Pacific, giving it peculiar health restoring and life prolonging
qualities, which are fast making
Victoria the sanitarium of the Pacific
Coast."
Every part of British Columbia is
amply and well provided with excellant
wood for construction and for other purposes. The coast region has the pre-eminence at present, owing to the greater
facility of export. The gigantic size of
forest trees is due, according to Dr. Dawson, to the mildness and humidity of the
climate.
The fisheries of British Columbia are
as yet almost untouched industrially, except the salmon fishery, which has rapidly become an important industry. Its
chief seat at present is on the Lower
Fraser, in the rich agricultural districts
of New Westminster, through which the
railway passes. Salmon fishing is carried on, also, on the rivers Skeena and
Nass, and at various places on the coasts.
Nearly all the salmon are canned and exported t© England ; a few are salted and
smoked.
Gold is known to be almost universally
distributed in the Province of British
Columbia. There is scarcely a stream of
any size in any part of the Province that
one cannot wash a few " colours," as they
say, out of, at the very least, and in 105
localities, which I catalogued in 1877,
actual mining had been carried on for
gold. The main auriferous belt of British  Columbia runs  from south-east to
99S91
Pacific il W, H^e^rDont
PROVINCIAL. LIBRARY
TOR!A, B. G. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
north-west, just inside the Pocky Mountains', and includes the mining localities
which have, been called, Kootenay, Big
Bend, Cariboo, Omineca and Cassiar from
south to north.
Coal mining is one of the most important industries in British Columbia. The
deposits are very widely spread, both on
the main land and in the islands. The coal
of Nanaimo and vicinity, on Vancouver
Island, being so far the best that has been
found on the western coast of America.
All authorities agree as to the extent and
value of the coal beds of British Columbia.
There is every indication that the silver mines of British Columbia will within the next few years prove to be the
most valuable ever discovered on the
American continent; the specimens of
ore so far assayed having given high
yields of silver. There are also deposits
of copper, iron, galena, ciannabar, platinum and other ores in large quantities
awaiting development.
• Of British Columbia as a farming, grazing and fruit growing country, the Marquis of Lome says :—Wherever there is
open land the wheat crops rival the best
grown elsewhere, while there is nowhere
any dearth of ample provision of fuel and
lumber for the winter. As you get your
colonization roads pushed, you will have
a larger available acreage, for there are
quiet straths and valleys hidden away
among the rich forests, which would provide comfortable farms. As in the Northwest last year, so this year, I have taken
down the evidence of settlers, and this
has been wonderfully favorable.   To say
the truth, I was rather hunting for
grumblers and found only one. There is
no reason why British Columbia should
not be for this portion of our territory
what California is to the States, in the
supply afforded of fruits. The perfection
attained by small fruits is unrivalled, and
it is only with the Peninsula of Ontario
that you would have to compete for the
supplies of grapes, peaches, pears apples,
cherries, plums, apricots and currants.
The most richly endowed with gifts of
material advantage of all provinces, British Columbia excels them all in beauty.
In the magnificence of her rugged mountains, the charm of her land-locked
waters, the lonely grandeur of her forests
and the quiet beauty of her prairies, she
possesses a wonderful variety—a combination of scenic beauty. Whether a traveller approaches from the east after crossing the apparently illimitable prairies, or
from the west at the conclusion of an
ocean voyage, he is filled with a sense of
relief, mingled with curiosity and pleased
expectancy. The featurs that may be
found almost beautiful must depend on
the temperament of each spectator, but
it happens that nature has so arranged
the forms and attributes of this country
that whether coming from the east or
west the traveller finds a striking contrast to that which he is leaving behind
him, and as contrast is a primary condition of excellence in that which is to
delight the eye, his assthetic sense is sure
of gratification.
. r
rHE   ARCA
IMPORTER OF
II AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS.
Largest Dry Goods Store on the Pacific Coast.
Government Street Entrance,
No. 61.
Broad Street Entrance,
opposite Driard.
VICTORIA, B. C. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SGRIPTIVE GUIDE
TO
BRITISH COLI
See Eailway and Steamer Time-table,  p. 15.
Abbotaf or d—Is on the crossing of the Mission extension of the C P. R and the New
Westminster and Yale wagon road. Daily
train from Vancouver.
A b e r d e e n—Cassiar District. Skeena Division.
In the midst of a most important wealth producing country. Steamer from Victoria twice
a month.
Agassi z—On the Eraser River. The C. P. R.
has o station, also an express and telegraph
office. The Dominion Gpvernment experimental farm is here, A. train east and west
each day.
Ainswort h—Situated on Kootenay Lake.
Steamer communication with Nelson and
Bonner'-s ferry, Idaho. There is also telephone communication with Nelson.
A1 b e r n i—At the mouth of the Somass River,
near Barclay Sound—is a rising place. It is
the supply mart of the beautiful and fertile
Alberni Valley, and already several industries
have been established here, chief of which
is a large paper mill. A rich mining and agricultural country is tributary to Alberni.
Steamer from Victoria twice a month, also
stage from Nanaimo once a week.
Albert C any o n—A station on the C.P.R.
from which a splendid view of the neighboring Canyon can be obtained. Train east and
west each day, also daily steamer from Rev-
elstoke.
Albert flea d—About 7 miles by water from
Victoria and 12 miles by land,where the Dominion Quarantine Hospital is situated. A
pleasant drive from Victoria.
Aldergrov e—About 22 miles east of New
Westminster near the boundary line. It is
in the midst of a farming country and has a
mail service twice a week and telegraphic
communication. Stage from New Westminster.
A l'e r t B a y—Is situated on Cormorant Island.
There is a salmon cannery here and steam
saw mill. Steamer from Victoria twice a
month.
Alexandri a—About 18 miles from Cariboo
in the midst of a farming and stock-raising
country.   Stage from Ashcroft 185 miles.
Alkali Lak e—On the road to Barkerville
about 90 miles from Clinton and on the left
bank of the Eraser River. Stage from Ashcroft ; change at Clinton.
Annievill e—On the left bank of the Frase
where there is a brickyard arid pottery, the
clay being of a very fine quality.   Steamer
and train daily from New Westminster.
A s h c r o f t—Is a most important station on
the C. P. R. as all the stages of the B. C. Express Co. for the upper country leave here.
It is situated on the south bank of the Thomp
son River near its junction with the Bonaparte. It is the great trading post for the
districts in the nortern interior of the Province.   A train east and west each day.
Anders 6[n C r e e k—Reached by stage from
. Kamloops.
B a 1 f o u r—Daily steamer from Nelson, twice
a week from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.
Barnston Islan d—Near Port Kells on the
Fraser River. Steamer and train daily from
New Westminster.
Barkervill e—At the termination of the
Cariboo Road on Williams' Creek, about 285
miles from Ashcroft. Gold mining is the
principal industry, and it is confidently expected that great wealth will be taken out of
the district with the introduction of proper
appliances for hydraulic mining. The Government assay office is located here. Stage
from Ashcroft, 280 miles.
Beecher Ba y—Is 21 miles from Victoria by
land, and 15 miles by water, and is at the
southern end of Metchosen, a rural settlement on Vancouver Island. Livery from
Victoria.
Beaver Mout h—A station on the C.P.R.,
446 miles from Vancouver, in the midst of a
] umbering country. The headquarters of the
Columbia River Lumber Co. A train east
and west each day.
Beaver Cree k—Nearly 12 miles from Alberni. Contains excellent farming lands and
timber, there being a saw mill in operation.
A steamer twice a month from Victoria, and
a stage once a week from Nanaimo.
Beaver Point—Is on Salt Spring Island,
about 25 miles from Victoria, and the principal industry is fruit growing and farming.
Steamer from Victoria and Nanaimo twice a
week.
Bella Bell a—A picturesque village on the
North West Coast district. Steamer from
Victoria twice a month.
Bella Cool a—A small village in the North
West Coast district. Steamer twice a month
from Victoria.
Big Bar Cree k—On the left bank of the
Fraser River. Chief industry, stock raising.
Connected by wagon road with Clinton.
Stage from Ashcroft.
Bonapart e—Near Cache Creek. Stage from
Ashcroft.
Blue Spring s—Stage from Vernon once a
week.
Bridge Cree k- Is about 83 miles north of
Ashcroft. A beautiful country for dairying
and stock raising. A large area of good government land is open near here for settlement.   Stage fj?bm Ashcroft.
Brownsvill e—Opposite New Westminster.
Ferry every hour. 6
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Barclay Sound— Steamer twice a month
from Victoria.
Basque   Ranc h— Livery from Ashcroft.
Black   Cree k—Livery from Comox.
Bloomfiel d—Steamer from Golden to Windermere and stage from latter place.
Boundary Ba y—Steamer to Ladner's Landing from Victoria or New Westminster and
stage from Ladner's Landing.
Burgoyne Ba y—On the west side of Salt
Spring Island. Steamer once a week from
Victoria to Nanaimo.
Burrard Inle t—C-P.R. trains daily, electric cars.   Pleasant drive from Vancouver.
Burton Prairi e—C. P. R. to Sicamous,
Shuswap & Okanagon R. R. to Vernon,
steamer to Mission and stage from latter.  ,
Cache Cree k—An agricultural district about
6 miles from Ashcroft, from which there is a
daily stage.
C e d a r—About ten miles from Nanaimo. connected with it by a wagon road IStage once
a week from Nanaimo.
Che ma in us—A station on the E. & N. R, R.,
in the midst of a farming and lumbering
country. It is an exceedingly picturesque
spot. There are large saw mills at this point.
Daily train from Victoria.
C h i 1 c o t e—A stock raising district connected
by trail wiih Ashcroft. Stage from Ashcroft
changing at Soda Creek,
Chilliwhac k—Bordered on the north by the
Fraser River, and on the south-west by Su-
mas Lake and Kiver, and not far from Harrison Hot Springs. It is a splendid agricultural country, and one of the most productive districts iu the Province There are
here two saw mills, a grist mill, fruit cannery and brick factory. It is a most desirable spot for the tourist and sportsman, as
well as settlers. Steamers daily from New
Westminster.
C1 a y g a d t—Horseback from Alberni.
C 1 a y t o n—An agricultural district near the
head of the Serpentine River. Daily train
from New Westminster—9 miles.
C 1 i n t o n—On the Cariboo road, about 32 miles
from Ashcroft. A Government Agent is located here, and quite a large general business
is carried on with the surrounding country
and mining districts.   Stage  from Ashcroft.
Cloverdal e—Daily train from New Westminster.
Clover Valley—Twelve miles from New
Westminster, between Hall's prairie and Surrey Centre. A fruit growing district, Daily
train from New Westminster.
C o b b 1 e H i II—A station on the E. & N. R. R.,
three miles from Shawnigan lake. There is
a large quarry of granite stone here- Daily
train from Victoria.
Col wood—Near Esquimalt harbor. A good
farming section.   Livery from Victoria.
Comox —On the east coast of Vancouver Island,
about 140 miles north of Victoria. The industries are coal mining, lumbering and agriculture, and the district around is one of the
best settled on the Island. Steamer weekly
from VictoriarVancouver and Nanaimo.
Co n8 tance (Jov e— On the E. &N. R. R. line
where there is good clay and the B.C. Pottery & Terra Cotta Works are located. Daily
train from Victoria.
C o r f i e 1 d—In the Cowichan valley. A charming spot with good agricultural land surrounding it. Small fruits are raised here
extensively. It is about two miles from
McPhersons or Koksilah on the E. & N. R.R.
Daily train from Victoria.
C o u 11 e e—In the Yale district, between Kam-
loops and Spence's Bridge. Coal and iron
are found here and the mines are being
developed. In addition to this there is a good
agricultural country. Coutlee is a distributing point for the neighboring mining districts. C. P. R" to Spence's Bridge thence by
stage to Coutlee.
C o w i c h a n—Near the E. & N, R. B.. a fertile
district with good roads and abundance of
game. Daily train from Victoria to McPhersons thence by stage to Cowichan.
Cowichan Lake- About 21 miles from Duncan's sjtation on the E. & N. R. R. A delightful spot to visit.   Stage from Duncan's
Craigellachi e—A station on the C. P. R.
353 miles from Vancouver. Train east and
west each day,
Cranbroo k—About 12 miles from Fort Steele
in the Kootenay country. C. P. R. to Golden
thence by steamer to Windermere connecting
there with stage to Cranbrook.
Cadboro Ba y—A suburb of Victoria.   Livery.
Campbell River—Steamer from Vancouver
once a week.
Canoe Pas s—Steamer from Victoria or Westminster to Ladner's Landing thence by Livery.
CapeMudg e—On Valdez Island at its southern
extremity. Near here is the Yucatus Indian
reservation with about 200 Indians living on
it.   Steamer once a week from Vancouver.
Cedar Hil 1—A suburb of Victoria.   A very
pleasant drive.
C e n t r e v ill e—On the Fraser River. Steamers daiiy from New Westminster.
C hearn—Steamer from New Westminster twice
a week.
Cherry Cree k—A station on the C. P. R.
Train east and west each day.
ClanWillia m—A station on the C.P.R.
Train east and west each day.
C i s c o—A station on the C.P.R. Train east and
west each day.
Columbia Lakes—C.P.R. to Golden,thence
by steamer to Windermer, and from the latter, stage to the lakes.
Cordova Bay—A suburb of Victoria. A
pleasant drive.
Craigflowe r—Near Esquimalt. Livery from
there. Electric tramcar to Esquimalt, or Livery from^&oCoria.
D e n m a n 1£al a n d—Near Comox with good
farming land on it. Steamers weekly from
Victoria, Vancouver and Nanaimo.
Departure Ba y—Three miles north of Nanaimo, the shipping port of the Wellington
coalmines. It has a good harbor and commodious wharves.   Stage from Nanaimo.
Dog Cree k—About 42 miles north of Clinton,
with a wagon road connecting the two places.
Stage from Ashcroft, 132 miles.
Donald—An important station on the C.P.R.,
with railway workshops, stores, etc. It is
the supply centreof the East Kootenay mining district.   Train east and west each day. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Duncan s—About half way between Victoria
and Nanaimo on the E. & N. R. R. There
are several industries here; saw mill, pump
factory, sash and door factory, etc., and the
place is growing rapidly. It is in the midst
of a fertile district, and is a popular resort
for visitors, owing to the beauty of the scenery surrounding it. Daily train irom Victoria.
Duck & Pringl e—On the South Thompson
river about 300 miles from Vancouver, near
the line of the C. P. R. Stage from Duck
Station.
Duncan's   Ba y—Livery from Comox.
Douglas Lak e—C.P.R. to Kamloops, stage
from there to Quilshena and thence by steamer to Douglas Lake.
D r y n o c k—A station on the C.P.R., train east
and west each day.
Duck s—A station on the C.P.R., train east and
west each dav.
East   Sook e—Stage from Sooke.
East Wellingto n-On the E. & N. R. R.
about six miles from Nanaimo and close to.
the Wellington coal mines. Daily train from
Victoria.   Livery from Wellington.
E 1 g i n—On the Nicomekl river, on the road to
Blaine and distant from New Westminster
about 13 miles. Stage and steamer from
New Westminster.
Empire Valle y—On west side Fraser, having
mail communication with Dog Creek once a
week. There are two mills here, a grist and a
saw mill. It is ninety miles from Ashcroft,
and is surrounded by a splendid stock raising
country. Stage from Ashcroft to Dog Creek
thence livery 18 miles.
E n d e r b y—In the district of Yale, on the Shuswap River about 26 miles from Sicamoos,
surrounded by the finest of wheat producing
land. Here is a large flouring mill capable
of grinding: 100 barrels per day. Pork packing
and brick making is also carried on. It is a
station on the Shuswap and Okanagan Rail-
. way. C, P. R. to Sicamous, Shuswap and
Okanagan R. R. to Enderby.
Erringto n—About 24 miles northwest of
Nanaimo. Weekly steamer from Nanaimo.
Stage from Comox.
Esquimal t—About 4 miles from Victoria
where the graving dock and the Imperial
naval station are located. The graving dock
is 457 feet long, 57 feet wide with a depth of
27 feet. Esquimalt harbor is a picturesque
spot and several English men-of-war are
usually lying at anchor in it. Esquimalt is
connected with Victoria by the Electric tram
car line and the E. & N. R. R. and the drive
by road is an exceedingly pleasant one.
Tramcar hourly and train from Victoria
daily.
Eighty-Three Mile House—Stage from
Ashcroft, 68 miles.
Elk   Lak e—Livery from Victoria.
English   Ba y—Livery from Vancouver.
Fairmoun t—In the Kootenay country, in east
Kootenay, in the midst of a wealthy mining
district. C.P.R. to Golden, thence steamer
to Windermere, and stage from there to Fair-
mount.
F ield—A station on the C.P.R., 500 miles from
Vancouver. There is a large saw mill here.
Train east and west each day.
Fort Simpson—On the north west coast.
Steamer from Victoria twice a month-
Fort S t e e 1 e—In east Kootenay. C.P.R. to
Golden, thence steamer to Windermere, and
from there by stage to Fort Steele.
French Cree k—About 28 miles from Nanaimo. Stage and steamer from latter place
once a week, also from Comox, and stage
from Alberni.
Findlay Cree k—C. P. R. to Golden, thence
steamer to Windermere, and from there stage
to Findlay Creek.
Fort Georg e—Stage from Ashcroft, change
at Quesnelle.
Fowl B a y—A suburb of Victoria, a pleasant
drive.
Gabriola Islan d—In the Gulf of Georgia,
and is an island about 9  miles long and 3
miles wide, ferlile  and very productive.   It
* is situated near  Nanaimo.   Steamer once a
week from Victoria and Nanaimo.
Galen a—On the Columbia River, 45 miles
from Golden, and 40 miles from Windermere.
Steamer to Windermere, stage from latter.
G e n o a—In the district of Cowichan. Is about
35 miles from Victoria, has a fine harbor, and
possesses large lumbering interests. Weekly
steamer from Victoria.
Georgetown—On the north west coast.
steamer twice a month.
Glacier Hous e—A station on the C. P. R.,
surrounded by some of the finest mountain
scenery on the line. Train east and west
each day.
G o 1 d e n—On the 0. P. E. line, about 438 miles
from Vancouver. Mining is the principal industry, with lumber manufacture. The
steamers of the Upper Columbia start from
here. There iB an excellent assay office and
laboratory in this town. Train east and west
each day.
Goldstrea m—On the E. & n. e. b. , about 11
miles from Victoria. It is quite a summer
resort.   Daily train from Victoria.
G o r d on H e a d—A point in the Haro & Ros-
airo Straits, where there is a small farming
community. The drive from Victoria to Gordon Head is a delightful one.
Grande Prairi e—In the Kootenay district
about 36 miles from Kamloops with which it
is connected by waggon road. Stock raising
and agriculture the principal industries. C.
P. R.  to Duck's thence stage.
Granite Cree k—Nine miles from the mouth
of Tulameen river in the Yale district in the
midst of a mining country, o. p. k. to
Spence's Bridge thence stage to Granite
Creek.
G r a n t h a m—In the Comox district connected
with Comox by wagon road 7 miles. Livery
from Comox.
GriffinLak e—A station on the o. p. E. 365
miles east of Vanco uver. T rain east and west
each day.
G u i c h o n—About 13 miles from New Westminster and one mile from Ladner's Landing. It
is surrounded by a splendid agricultural
country. Daily steamers to Ladner's Landing.
Galbraith Ferry—o. p. e. to Golden
thence steamer to Windermere and stage
from latter place.
Galiano Island—Steamers weekly from
Victoria and New Westminster. 8 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
■
Ganges Harbo r—On the east side of Salt
Spring Island. Steamer weekly from Victoria and Nanaimo:
Halls Prairie Eighteen miles from New
Westminster in the midst of a fine farming
district. Stage from New Westminster 19V6
miles.
H an c e v i lie—In the district of Cariboo*
< 'attle raising and general farming are largely
carried on in the neighborhood. Stage from
Ashroft change at Soda creek distance 220
miles.
Harrison Hot Springs—On Harrison
Lake about 5 miles from Agassiz station.
The springs are noted for their medical properties and curative qualities. The spot is
one of the loveliest in British Columbia. A
small steamer plies upon the lake and there
are also a number of small boats for the use
of pleasure seekers, hunters and fishermen.
The scenery in the neighborhood is grand and
a large number of tourists visit the springs
each summer. Train east and west each day.
Stage from Agassiz station to springs.
Hartley Ba y—On the north west coast.
There is a large saw mill here. Steamer twice
a month from Victoria.
•Hatzic Prairi e—An agricultural district
6 miles from Matsqui. c. p. R. to latter place
thence stage. Dally steamers from Westminster.
Hop e—In the district of Yale, and the head of
navigation on the Fraser River. Fanming
and mining are the chief industries, c. p. R.
train east and west each day. Eortnightly
steamer from New Westminster.
Hope B a y—On Pender Island where there is
an extensive blue freestone quarry. Steamer
weekly from Victoria.
Hornby Islan d—East of Denman Island.
It is a fertile and beautiful island. Steamer
fortnightly from Victoria and Nanaimo.
Hundredand Fifty Mile House—On
the Cariboo road where there is also a sawmill.   Stage from Ashcroft235 miles.
Hundred Mile Hous e—Another stopping place on the Cariboo road. Stage from
Ashcroft.
Huntingdo n—At the junction of the 0. P. E.
Seatile, Lake Shore and Eastern and Belling-
ham Bay railways on the,International boundary, o. p. E. from Vancouver to Mission
Junction thence train to Huntingdon.
H a m m o n d—Station on o. p. E. 24 miles from
Vancouver. Train east and west each day;
also daily steamers from New Westminster
Han ey—Station on c. p. b. 26 miles from Vancouver.   Train east and west each day.
Happy   Valle y—Livery from Victoria.
Harrison—A station on o. P. E. 62 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day.
H a s t i n gs —Four miles from Vancouver on
the o. P. B. trains daily.
Hat   Cree k—Stage from Ashcroft.
H e c t o r—A station on the o. P. E. 517 miles
from Vancouver.   Train east and west each
day.
H i g h 1 a n d—Livery from Victoria.
Horse   F 1 y—Stage from Ashcroft, change at
150 mile House.
Howe   Soun d—Steamer    from    Vancouver
twice a week.
Illecillew ae t—A station on the o. P. R.,
407 miles from Vancouver. Silver and lead
are found near here. It bids fair to become
an important mining district. Train east
and west each day.
Invernes s—On the west coast. Steamers
twice a month from Victoria.
James Island—Stage from Victoria to
Prairie Tavern, thence by boat.
Johnson's Landin g—-A station on the
o.p.e., called Nicomen, 53 miles from Vancouver. The soil is fertile around here.
Trains east and west each day.
Kamloop s—Is the largest town in British
Columbia on the o.p.b. east of Vancouver.
It is situated at the junction of the North
and South Thompson Rivers, and is in the
midst of a large ranching country. There
are also minerals in the neighborhood, but
the mines are as yet undeveloped. The town
is growing rapidly in size and importance,
and several industries have been started.
The climate is dry and healthy. Train east
and west ea<5h day.
Kaslo C it y—At the mouth of the Kootenay
river. It is the centre of the great Kootenay
mining district and has every prospect of
becoming an important place. The great
Kaslo and Slocan silver mines are from 15
to 20 miles from here. Steamer from Nelson.
Keefer s—A station on the o. p. B. 140 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west every
day.
Keithley Creek—In the Cariboo country
about :18 miles from the Quesnalle Forks.
Hydraulic mining is carried on in the vicinity. Stage from Ashcroft, change at 150
Mile House.
Kensington Prairi e—A farming section in the New Westminster district (P.O.
Address. Nikomekel.;
Kettle Rive r—o. p. b. to Sicamous. s. &
o. R. R. to Okanagan, and thence stage and
livery.
Kings   Islan d--On ,the north-west coast.
Steamer twice a month from Victoria.
K a t a m a h—At the head of Douglas Channel
on the north-west coast.    Steamer twice a
month from Victoria.
K i 11 u p e—At the head of Gardiner's Channel,
on the north-west coast. The scenery about
here is grand in the extreme, mountains
and waterfalls. Prices cannery is located
here.  Steamers twice a month from Victoria.
K o k s i 1 a h—A station on the k. & n. b. b., in
the Cowichan Valley. It is a lovely spot
and offers inducements to the farmer sportsman and tourist.
K uj? ajp Islan d—Steamer weekly from Vic-
tdKa.
Lac La Hach e—In the district of Lill-
loet on the wagon road between Barkerville
and Lillooet. Farming, dairyiug and stock
raising are the principal industries. Stage
from Ashcroft 100 miles.
Ladner's Landin g—Ahout 13 miles from
New Westminster on the Fraser River. The
steamers from Victoria, Vancouver and New
Westminster and Nanaimo all call here.
The district in the neighborhoed is one of
the most important agricultural sections of
the Province. The soil, of which there is
40,000 acres in the settlement, is exceedingly HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
9
rich, and large crops of roots and cereals
are produced. There are no less than
eight salmon canneries in the vicinity of
Ladner's so that it is an important shipping point. Daily steamers from Victoria,
New Westminster and Vancouver.
L a n g 1 e y—On the Fraser River near the
boundary line. It is in the midst of a rich
and beautiful agricultural district the settlers being of a superior class. The soil is
Well adapted to fruit culture and the growth
of hops. Steamers daily from New Westminster.
Lansdowne —In the Spallumcheen valley,
Kootenay district, o. p. e. to Sicamous
thences s. & o. B. B. to Enderby and from
there stage.
L i 11 o o e t—On the Fraser River about 60
miles from Ashcroft. Near here is Seat on
Lake. The scenery arround is superb. There
is a fine bridge crossing the Fraser at this
point. The surrounding country which is
Very fertile, is devoted chiefly to grazing
and agriculture. Stage from Ashcroft, change
at Clinton.
Little Qualicu m—About 24 miles.northwest of Nanaimo, where farming and fishing are the chief industries. Weekly steamer from Nanaimo and stage from Comox.
Loch Enoc h—Nearest station, Harrison, on
c.p.b.   Train east and west each day.
Lowe Inlet—A small fishery on the north
west coast, where there is a cannery capable of turning out 1500 cases of salmon per
annum. Steamer twice a month frein Victoria.
Lower Nicol a—In the district of Yale,
72 miles from Kamloops. c. P. E. to Kamloops or Spence's Bridge. Stsge from either
place.
Lulu Islan d—On the south arm of the
Fraser- A farming district carrying on a
good trade with Victoria, Vancouver and
' New Westminster. Steamer tri-weekly from
Victoria. Daily steamer from New Westminster.   Daily stage from Vancouver.
L u n d—Weekly steamer from Victoria.
L y 11 o n—At the junction of the Fraser and
Thompson Rivers, a station on the o.p.b.
Mining and farming carried on in the vicinity. Its position makes it a busy place.
Train east and west ehch day.
Lak e—Stage from Victoria.
Langford   Plain s—Livery from Victoria.
Langley Prairi e—Stage from New Westminster.
Leanchoi 1—A station on the o. p. b., 495
miles from Vancouver. Train east and west
each day.
Maple Bay-Is a pretty place on the eas*
coast of Vancouver Island, with a commodious harbor. Steamer weekly from Victoria.
Maple Ridg e—A large district on the Fraser, devoted chiefly to dairying. If dyked,
it would be splendid agricultural land. The
c.p.B. runs through the district. Station
at Hammond.   Train east and west each day.
M a s s e 11—A small place on the north west
coast. Steamers twice a month from Victoria,
M a t s q u i—Distant 44 miles from Vancouver,
and 35 miles from New Westminster. The
St. Mary's Mission is located here, and the
o.p.b. crossing the Fraser at this place
makes it a central point. Station called
Mission.   Train east and west each day.
Mayne Island—Situated at almost equal
distances from Victoria, New Westminster
and Nanaimo. Indications of coal exist.
Steamer from Victoria twice a week.
Mamette Lake—o. p. B. to Kamloops
thence stage to Coutlee.
McPherson's Statio n—In the district
of Cowichan and a station on the e. & n. e b.
Like most of the places along this line of
railway it is a beautiful bpot. surrounded
by farms.   Daily train from Victoria.
Metchosin—A beautiful district about 15
miles" from Victoria, where picnics, hunting
and fishing can be enjoyed during the summer months. Fruit, hay, grain and root
crops are raised here in large quantities
and the whole district contains many places
of interest and beauty which are dealt with
elsewhere.   Stage from Victoria.
Menzies Bay—Steamer weekly from Vancouver.
Metlakahtl a—A beautiful village on the
north-west coast. Steamers twice a month
from Victoria.
Millsicam—e. & n. b. e. to Goldstream
daily,
M i s s i o n—See Matsqui.
M i s s i o n—See Okanagan.
M o b e r 1 y—A station on the 0. P. B. 468 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day.
Moodyvill e—About three miles from Vancouver with which it has communication
by 4 trips daily ferry. There is a large saw
mill here and there is an excellent harbor.
Mount Lehma n—On the Fraser river
about 30 miles above New Westminster.
Splendid farming country. Daily steamer
from New Westminster.
Mount Pleasan t—A suburb of Vancouver.
Mount Tolmi e—A suburb of Victoria,
where a splendid view of surrounding
country may be obtained.   A pleasant drive.
Mud  B a y—A.t  the  junction   of   Semiamho, .
Kirklaud   and McLellan roads with  good
bottom lands in the vicinity.   Stage from
New Wesminster.
N a k u s p—Steamer from Robson.
N a n a i m o—For description see cities of British Columbia. Daily train on e. & n. b, b.
from Victoria.
Nanoose Ba y—Eight miles north of Nanaimo and five miles from Wellington
mines.    Stage and Livery from Nanaimo.
Napier Lak e—o. p. E. to Kamloops thence
stage.
N e 1 s o n—On the Columbia and Kootenay E. B.
and within VS miles of Kootenay Lake. It
is the distributing point for West Kootenay.
Steamers ply regularly from here to Bonner s
Ferry, Idaho, Ainsworth, Balfour, Nelson
owing to its proximity *to the great Kootenay mining district and its central position
is destined to become a very important
place and railway centre, c. p. B. to Revel-
stoke thence by Columbia and Kootenay B. B.
and Navigation Co. rail and steamer.
New Donver—Steamers from Makusp and
Nelson, also from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.
I
/ f
I
10
HAND-BOOK TO BEITISH COLUMBIA.
New  Westminster—For description see
cities of British Columbia.     Daily train on
' O.P.E.     Electric  tramcar  from Vancouver
hourly and steamers daily from Victoria.
Nicola Lak e—In the district of Yale, about
60 miles from Kamloops. It has a flour,
saw, shingle and planing mill. o. p. E. to
Spence's Bridge and Kamloops, thence
by.sta.ge.
Nicomen—A station on the c.p.b. and a
steamboat landing on the Fraser, 53 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day, and daily steamer from New Westminster.
North A r m—A settlement in the New Westminster district, including part of Lulu
Island. Industries, farming, market gardening, and there are also two canneries in
operation. Steamer daily from New Westminster.
Northfiel d—On the E. & N. E. e. A coal
mining town, the Northfield mine being in
the neighbourhood. The coal from this
mine is said to be the best in the province.
Daily stage from Nanaimo.
North Saanic h—About 18 miles from Victoria. A fine farming district. Stage from
Victoria.
North Ben d—A station on the o. P. E. 129
miles from Vancouver. Train east and west
each day.
Notch Hil 1—A station on the o. P. E. 300
miles from Vancouver. Train east and west
each day.
Oak B a y—A suburb of Victoria, reached by
tramcar.
O k a n a g o n—Terminus of the 8huswap &
Okanagan R. R. c. p. e. to Sicamous connecting there with s. & o. e. e. Dailyjtrain
to Okanagan.
Okanagan Miss ion—c. p. B. to Sicameus.
s. & o. B. E. to Enderby thence stage.
O s o y o o s—On the lake of the same name
which is the most southerly lake in British
Columbia. It is a beautiful spot and the
chief industry is stock raising. Livery
from Okanagan Mission.
11 e r    Point—Stage   from  Victoria  once  a
week.
O tter tail- A station on the 0. P. B., 501
miles from Vancouver. Train east and west
each day.
Oyster Bay—On the E. & N. B. B. Daily
train from Victoria.
Oyster   River—Livery from Comox.
O w a y Ken o—A small place at the head of
Rivers Inlet, where there is a large cannery. Steamers twice a month from Victoria.
P a 11 i s e r—A station on the c.p.b., 487 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day.
Parksvill e—24 miles north west of Nanaimo, the chief industry being farming. Stage
from Nanaimo, weekly steamer from Victoria.
Parson's   Bri'dg e—Livery from Victoria
Pavillion Mountain—23 miles from
Clinton. A fine grazing and farming district. Stage from Ashcroft, change at Clinton.
Peace Rive r—Stage from Ashcroft, ohange
at Quessenelle.
Pemberton Meadow s—On the right
bank of the Fraser, and is the only part of
the. Lillooet district where irrigation is unnecessary. The land is very fertile. Connected by trail with Lillooet.
Pender Islan d—About 35 miles from Victoria, on the route to the Fraser River.
There is excellent building stone on this
island, and much good agricultural land.
It also seems destined to become a favorite
pleasure resort, owing to the good bathing,
boating and fishing to be had. Steamers
from Victoria and New Westminster twice a
week.
Penny' s—A station on the C.P.B., 219 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day.
Penniesto n—0. P. B. to Savonas, thence
livery.
Pentictq n—At the foot of the Osoyoos
Lake, distant from Vernon, 85 mile with
which place it is connected by steamer.
o.p.e. to^Sicamous, thence s. & o. e. b. to
Vernon, and from there steamer.
Perry Creek—c.p.b. to Golden, thence
steamer to Windermere, and from there
stage.
Pilot B a y—Steamers daily from Nelson,
also steamers from Bonner's  ferry, Idaho.
Pitt Rive r—In the municipality of Maple
Ridge, where there are large meadows, only
good however for dairying, as the land is
subject to annual overflows from the Fraser
River. 0. p. e. to Hammond, the nearest
station,
P 1 u m p e r Pas s—86 miles from Victoria.
Fruit growing, general farming arid fishing
are the industries of the place. Steamer
from Victoria, New Westminster and Vancouver, almost daily.
P o p c u m—Daily steamer from New Westms'r.
Port Essingto n—On north-west coast.
Steamers twice a month from Victoria.
Port Hane y—Is a station on the 0. P. B.,
about 26 miles from Vancouver, and a
steamboat landing for Fraser River steamers. There (are several large brick yards
here. Fruit growing and farming are also
carried on largely and salmon freezing for
shipment in winter to the east is an important industry of the place. Trains east and
west. See fianey—Also steamers daily from
New Westminster.
Port H a m m o n d--24 miles from Vancouver, in the municipality of Maple Ridge.
where a town site has been laid out. Train
east and west each day. Also daily steamers from New Westminster.   See Hammond.
Port Kells—On the Fraser river about 10
miles from New Westminster, where there
-ifl^an immense deposit of iron ore not yet
c^w^loped. Steamer from New Westminster
and daily train £on the New Westminster &
Southern R. R.
Port Mood y—On the 0. P. B. about 12
miles from Vancouver. It was at one time
the terminus of the c. p. e. and in consequence property advanced greatly in value
and the town was growing rapidly when the
railway company changed their headquarters
to Vancouver. This gave Port Moody a set
back but it is still a thriving, place and a
large lumber business is carried on. It is
also becoming a favorite health resort owing to the good bathing there. Daily O.P.B.
trains. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
11
Port Simpso n—An important place on
the north-west coast. There is a shingle
mill there a sash and door factory and the
Hudson's Bay Co. have a large store and
wharf. It has one of the finest harbors in
British Columbia. Steamers twice a month
from Victoria.
Prevostlsland-Steamer twice a week
from Victoria.
Quamicha n—About a mile and a half from
Duncan's on the e. & n. e. p.. It is essentially a farming district. A branch of St.
Ann's convent is established (here. Daily
train from Victoria to Duncan's
Quatheski Cov e—Between Cape Mudge
and Gowlland Harbor on Valdes Island. A
stopping place for steamers. Steamer once
a week from Victoria.
Quadr a—Steamer once a week from Victoria.
Quesnell e—In the Cariboo district at the
junction of the Quesnelle and Fraser Rivers
230 miles from Ashcroft. It is a supply
mart of farm produce for the miners around
Barkerville. There is also a flour mill in
the neighborhood.     Stage  from  Ashcroft.
Quesnelle Forks—In the district of Cariboo. There has been gold mining since 1859,
and with hydraulic works the industry will
be largely increased and made more valuable. There is a pack trail irom 150-Mile
House to this point. Stage from Ashcroft
to 150-Mile House.
Q u i 1 c h e n a--In the district of Yale connected with Kamloops by stage. It is an agricultural district.
Queen Charlotte Islan d---On the
north-west coast due west from Port Simpson. Coal has been discovered and there
is a good deal of rich land but there is as
yet little settlement of whites. Steamer
twice a month from Victoria.
Read Islan d--East of Valdez Island, containing a number of good farms. Steamer
once a week from Victoria.
Bevelstok e—On the o. p. b. 387 miles
from Vancouver and the centre of supplies
for the West Kootenay district. The Columbia is navigable to this point to about 200
. miles southward to the international boundary. It is a thriving place. Trains east
and west each day.
Richmond Islan d—Steamer and Stage
from Vancouver.
Risk e—Stage from Ashcroft, change at Soda
Creek.
Rivers Inlet—Steamer from Vancouver
and Victoria.
Riversid e—On Matsqui Prairie, near the
Mission extension of the c. p. e. and the
New Westminster and Yale wagon road,
o. p. e. to Mission, and steamer to New
Westminster.
R o b s o n—The river terminus of the Columbia & Kootenay B. B. c.p.b. to Revelstoke,
thence Columbia & Kootenay E. E.
Rock Cree k—Is in Yale district. 210 miles
from Spokane and an old mining camp.
c.p.e. to Sicamous, thence by s. & o. b. e.
to Enderly, stage from thence to Mission,
and thence livery to Rock Creek.
Kockf or d—In Yale district on the road
leading to Kamloops. Stock raising, farming and mining are carried on largely.
Stage from Kamloops 35 miles, or from
Spence's Bridge 75 miles.
Rocky Point—A pituresque point between
Albert Head and Pedder Bay. Stage from
Victoria, 22 miles.
Roger's Pas s—A station in the mountains on the c p. e. Train east and west
dai.y.
Ross Peak Sidin g—A station on the
o.p.b.   Train east and west daily.
Ross B a y—A suburb of Victoria. A pleasant
drive.
Royal O a k—At the junction of the East
and West Saauich roads. A stoyping place
for hunters and pleasure seekers. A pleasant drive from Victoria.
Ruby Cree k—A station on the 0.  P.  E,  81
miles from Vancouver.   Train east and west S
each day.
Russels—A station on the E. & N. E. E.
daily train to and from Victoria.
Salmon Ar m—A station on the 0, P, B. 316
miles from Vancouver; a farming district.
Train east and west each day.
Salmon   Rive r—c.   P.   e.   to   Kamloops'
thence stage to Quilchena and from there
to Salmon River on horseback.
Salt Spring Islan d—In the electoral
district of Islands. The island separates
Stuart channel from Trincomolie and Swan-
son channels. There are salt springs on the
island and farming is carried on largely.
The scenery on parts of the island is grand
and the lands are generally fertile. Steamer
once a week from Victoria,
Samuel Island—Near Plumper Pass.
Steamer from Victoria twice a week.
San d.w i c k—In   Comox   distaict,   about   65
miles from Nanaimo. A fine farming district. Livery from Comox. Weekly steamers from Vancouver and Nanaimo.
Sapperto n--23 miles from Vancouver on the
Westminster branch of the c. p. B. Trains
daily.
S a r d i s—About 50 miles from New Westminster. A splendid farming country. Communication by steamer from New Westminster to Centreville.
gangster's Plain--12 miles from Victoria, a beautiful plain.   Livery.
Saturna Islan d—Near Plumper Pass.
Steamer twice a week from Victoria.
S a v o n a s—Situated on Kamloops Lake at
mouth of Thompson river. It is also a
station on the c. p. R. There is fine scenery in the neighbourhood and hunting and
fishing are good. Train east and west each
day.
Sander's Harbo r—On the north-west
coast. Steamer twice a month from Victoria.
S a y w a r d—Steamer twice a month from
Victoria.
Sea   Islan d—Stage from Vancouver,
Seventy Mile Hous e—On tne Cariboo
road.   Stage from Ashcroft.
Shawnigan Lak e—A station on the E. &
n.e.e. The lake is very beautiful and a
fayorite summer resort. There is a comfor-r
table hotel for tourists and visitors, and
boats are provided for guests. A saw mill
is in operation near the station. Daily train
from Victoria.
S h u s w a p—A station on the c.p.b., 284 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west eacli
day, . ■- i
T
12
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
'
Shoal Harbor—In North Sannich, where
there is a large flour ^mill and fine wharf.
Livery from Victoria,
S h o p 1 a n d—About 4 miles from Duncans, on
the e. & n. b. B. Daily train to Duncans
from Victoria.
Short reed—About 18 miles from Lang-
ley, in district of New Westminster. Fruit
growing and farming being largely carried
on. Steamers daily to Langley from New
Westminter.   Stage from Langley.
S i c a m o u s—In the district of Yale at the
north end of Mara Lake, and is a station
on the O.P.B. Lumbering is the chief industry. It is destined to become a most
important point, owing to it being a railway junction of the 0. p. B. The Shiswap
and O'Kanagan B. B. connects here with
the O.P.B.   Trains east and west each day.
S i d n e y—Weekly steamers from Victoria.
Six Mile Cree k—A station on the c.p.b.
441 miles from Vancouver. Train east and
west each day.
Silverdal e--Daily stmrs. from New Westminster.
Skeena River—A great cannery locality
on the north-west coast, there being no less
than seven large concerns located here,
having a capacity of from 12.000 to 15,000
cases per annum. Steamers twice a month
from Victoria.
Skidegat e—On Queen Charlotte Island,
north-west coast, where! there are large oii
refineries. Steamers twice a month from
Victoria.
Soda Cree k—A village in Cariboo on the
Fraser river. It is the shipping point for
part of the Cariboo district. There is
steamboat communication with Quesnelle.
The scenery around here is grand. Stage
from Ashcroft 165 miles.
S o m e n o s—A sub-division of the Cowichan
district, on the e. & N. e. e., and is purely
a farming section. Daily trains from Victoria to McPhersons.
S o o k e—23 miles from Victoria. Is a thriving
agricultural settlement possessed of. a fine
harbor. It is a very fertile district and all
kinds cereals, fruit and vegetable- thrive
well. There is also good hunting and fishing.   Stage from Victoria
South Saanich—In the electoral district
of Victoria. The whole Saanich district is
very picturesque, the numerous small lakes
in it teeming with fish and the woods with
game. It is also a fine agricultural country.
Tourists and visitors in Victoria enjoy a
trip to Saanich and the many beautiful
drives in the district.
South Westminste r—Connected with
New Westminster by a ferry running hourly.
Spallumee n—This valley situated in the
district of Yale and is termed the garden of
British Columbia owing to its fertiHty,
genial climate and thriving settlements. It
is also a paradise for sportsmen and is
without doubt the richest agricultural
section in the interior of the province,
o. P. E. to Sicamous thence by Shuswap
and Okanagan R. R. to Vernon.
Spotsnm—A station on the 0. P. B. 190
miles from Vancouver. Train east and
west each day.
Spences Bridg e—On the Thompson
River on the c. p. e. 173 miles from Vancouver.   Train east and west each day.
Sproats Landing—Now known as Robson.
See Robson.
S p r i z z u m—A station on the o.p.b. 114 miles
from Vancouver. Train east and west each
day.
Squamis*h Valley—At the head of H owe
Sound, about 85 miles from Vancouver, and
is well adapted to hopgrowing, which is
likely to become an important industry
there. Hard coal has also been found in
that locality. It is a good agricultural district. Steamer from Vancouver once a week.
St.   Elm o—o. p. B.   daily   trains   to   Ruby
Creek Station.
St.   Mary's   Mission—See Matsqui.
Stamp   Harbor—The extreme eastern end
of Alberni Canal.    Steamers from Victoria
twice a month.
S t a n 1 e y—Is a mining  town in the Cariboo
district, distant   from Ashcroft   280   miles.
Stage from Ashcroft.
St.   Eugene   Mission—Stage.
Steve ston—On the north bend of the south
arm of the Fraser River, at its entrance to
Gulf of Georgia. It has a fine harbor, and
indeed the gateway to the great Fraser River
Valley. It has also a great farming country
behind it. There are two large canneries at
this point. Steamers from Victoria twice a
week, and daily from New Westminster.
S t e p h e n—A station on the 0. P. B. 519 miles
from Vrncouver. Train east and west each
day.
Stump Lak e—o.p.b. to Kamloops, thence
by stage.
Stuarts Lak e—Stage from Ashcroft change
at Quesnelle.
S u m a s—In the district of New Westminster,
surrounded by a fine agricultural and dairying country. The settlers are generally prosperous. Daily steamers from New Westminster.
Surrey Centr e—At the junction of the
coast meridian and the McLennan roads.
Watered by the Serpentine. Daily train
from South Westminster.
Tappen Sidin g—A station on the o.p.b.
309 miles from Vancouver. Trains east and
west each day.
Terra Ros a—Stage from Vancouver every
day except Sunday.
Texada Islan d—An island to the north of
the Gulf of Georgia. Mining is the chief
industry. Steamer from Vancouver once a
week.
T r adhl p r e e k—The distributing point for
T»*41*Creek and Sheep Creek about 23 miles
from Robson. o. P. a. to Revelstoke thence
by Columbia  & Kootenay b. B. to Robson.
Tumbo Islan d--Near the International
boundry 'line in the Gulf of Georgia. The
Tumbo Island Coal Company is operating
here.   Steamer from Victoria twice a week.
T u r g o o s e—Livery from Victoria.
Tatla Lak e—Stage from Ashcroft change
at Soda Creek.
Tranquill e--A station on the C. p. b. 242
miles from Vancouver. Trains east and
west each day, HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Twin   Butte—A station on the c. p. B. 891
miles from Vancouver.   Train east and west
. each day.
U|ni o n—A coal mining section in Comox, the
coal being mined is of good quality and
finds ready market. The Onion Colliery Co.
ship large quantities.    Livery from Comox.
Upper Sumas—In the New Westminster
district, noted for dairying, stock raising
and fruit growing.
Valdese Island—Separated from Vancouver Island by Discovery passage. At its
most south-westerly point are the Seymour
Narrows, which at spring time is a dangerous spot for small craft, and grand sight to
view from the Bhore. The climate is good,
and the country is suitable for stock raising and small farming. Steamer from Victoria once a week.
Vancouver—For description see cities of
British Columbia. Daily c. P. R. trains to
and from the east. St2amers to and from
Victoria and all ports on Vancouver Island
and Mainland.
Van Winkle—A village
district, about 280 miles
Stage from Ashcroft.
V e r n o n—Is the centre point of   the largest
and richest agricultural district in the interior of British Columbia. It is the distributing point for the Osoyoos division of
the Yale district. It is owing to its position, destined to become a great railway
centre. It is the principal station now on
the Shuswap & O'Kanagan Railway. There
are thriving settlements all round Vernon,
and tributary to it. 0. P. B. to Sicamons,
thence by s. & o'k. e. e. to Vernon.
Vesuvius Bay—Steamer once a week from
Victoria.
V i c t o r i a—For description see cities of Bri
tish Columbia. Connected by daily steamers with Northern Pacific E. B. atTacoma
and Seattle and o. P. E. at Vancouver and
New Westminster also all ports on Vancouver Island and mainland, and E. & N. E. B.
to Nanaimo, Wellington and intermediate
points.
in   the   Cariboo
from   Ashcroft.
Was a—o. P. B. to Golden thence by steamer
to Windermere and from there stage.
Wades Landin g—Daily steamers from
New Westminster.
Websters Corners—o. p. e. daily to
Haney.   Drive to Websters Corners ty% miles
Wellingto n—The terminus of the e, & N. R.B.
and about 6 miles from Nanaimo- It is a
coal mining town, the great Wellington mines
of R. Dunsmuir and Sons being here.
Daily train from Victoria.
Westham Island—At the mouth of the
south arm of the Fraser river. Chief industry, farming. Steamers from Victoria
twice a week and daily steamer from New
Westminster.
Wells Landin g—Daily steamers from
New Westminster.
Westminster—For description see cities
of British Columbia. Daily c. p. B. trains.
Hourly tramcar to Vancouver. Steamers to
and from Victoria and Vancouver daily, and
steamers to ports on mainland and Vancouver Island.
Westminster Junction—A beautiful
and thriving village on the c. p. b., and a
junction station for Vancouver and New
Westminster. Daily o.p.b. trains east and
west.
Westholm e—A flag station on the E.& n.b.b.
near Chemainns. Some fine farms in this
neighborhood.
W h a r n o c k—A flag station on (the 0. P. B.
33 miles from Vancouver. A farming district.
Windermer e—A fine farming district in
East Kootenay. p. p. e. to Golden thence
by steamer to Windermere.
Y a 1 e—One of the principal stations on the
o. p. B. 102 miles from Vancouver. The
scenery around it is very beautiful and it
is a favourite stopping place for tourists.
Train east and west each day.
Y o m u g—Stage twice a week from Victoria, I
14
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
^SSkjS^.
4f
^-^kV&X^s.
H. DEMPSEY, RROP.
THE TOURIST HOTEL OF NANAIMO,
Commanding a Fine View of the Harbor.
.CHURCH   STREET.
NANAIMO, B. C.
c
ANACflAN
C RAILWAY.
THE ONLY TRANS-CONTINENTAL LINE,
Gives a Greater Chance of Routes than any other   Railway
Leaving* the Pacific,
Rates $ 10 and $5 Lower than any other Road.
Luxurious Drawing* Room and Sleeping* Cars.
Magnificent   Dining    Cars—Upholstered   Tourist    Cars—Free
Colonist Cars.
No Change of Cars between Vancouver and Montreal.
The line passes through 600 miles of the grandest Ifemaery in the world, embracing
the wildest canyons, the highest mountain peaks, and greatest glacier.
Fares $10 First-Class and $5 Second-Class LESS than any other
Route from San Francisco.
or to
For information as to Kates, Time, Etc., apply to any Agent of the Company,
GEO. McL. BROWN, Dist. Pass. Agent,
VANCOUVER. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
15
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY.
ALLAN CAMERON, JAS. SCLATER,
Ticket Agt., Victoria. Ticket Agt., Vancouver.
Office, cor. Government and Eort Streets.
GEO. MoL. BROWN, Dist. Pass. Agent,
Vancouver, B. C.
Read Down.
Read Up.
-V3
to
ctf
m
200
14 20
14 32
14-52
15 07
14 25
15 26
15 32
15 47
16 20
16 38
16 58
17 18
17 38
17 58
18 26
18 56
20 10
21 00
21 43
22 12
22 32
23 49
24 37
1 34
2 38
2 52
3 35
3 43
4
4
5
6
6
7
7
18
58
36
26
50
07
57
8 40
9 11
9 3D
10 16
10 51
11 21
11 48
13 15
13 35
14 25
14 45
16 30
16 57
17 15
18 00
21 55
18 48
19 20
20 35
20 43
21 00
21 22
21 40
22 05
22 25
220
10 00
to _ P
flag
Daily  Continental Express.
tn
t-t
a
0
rg
o
01
W«t-I
t>
0
4
12
17
25
24
26
33
43
53
62
70
81
89
102
114
129
140
149
156
171
178
190
203
219
225
226
242
251
268
284
300
309
316
335
351
362
370
379
391
400
407
422
427
441
446
458
468
475
487
495
501
508
517
519
525
535
543
553
559
641
821
Victoria	
Vancouver 	
Hastings	
Port Moody	
Westminster Jen
W estminster	
Hammond	
Haney	
Wharnock	
Mission	
Nicomen	
Harrison	
Agassiz	
Ruby Creek	
Hope	
Yale	
Spuzzum	
North Bend	
Keefers	
Cisco	
Lytton	
Drynock 	
Spencer's Bridge
Spatsum	
Ashcroft 	
Pennys	
i^avonas	
Cherry  Creek...
Tranquille	
Kamloops	
Ducks	
Shuswap 	
Notch Hill	
Tappen Siding..
Salmon Arm	
Sicamous	
Craigellachi	
Griffin Lake	
Clan William...
Revelstoke	
Twin Butte	
Albert Canyon..
Illecillewach	
Glacier House..
Rogers Pass	
Six Mile Creek.
Beaver  Mouth..
Donald	
Moberly	
Golden	
Palliser	
Leanchoil	
Ottertail	
Eield	
Hector	
Stephen 	
Laggan	
Eldon	
Castle Mountain
Cascade 	
Banff	
Calgary	
Medi'ne Hat {{J
$ 3
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
00
80
90
10
70
20
65
10
60
00
70
70
6 45
7 00
7 50
7 80
8 60
8 90
9 50
10 25
10 95
11 25
11 90
12 10
12 50
13 35
14 15
14 95
15 40
15 80
75
55
16
17
33 10
18 50
18 95
19 50
20 00
20 35
21 10
21 20
22 05
22 30
22 90
23 40
23 75
24 35
24 75
25 05
25 40
25 80
25 95
26 25
26 75
27 15
27 65
28 95
32 10
10 1st
00 2d
18 00
12 50
12 38
12 19
12 11
12 40
11 47
11 41
11 26
10 53
10 35
10 15
9 55
9 85
9 15
8 45
8 15
7 30
6 10
5 25
4 56
3 46
3 19
2 31
1 34
24 37
24 15
23 43
23 25
23 00
22 10
21 32
20 05
19 48
19 00
18 25
17 54
17 32
17 02
16 17
15 47
15 20
13 55
13 35
12 40
12 20
12 35
12 08
11 52
11 08
10 43
10 25
10 00
8 50
8 39
8 15
7 47
7 28
7 00
6 45
2 30
18 45
Read Down.
Read Up.
SI
it
g
Miles
from
Van'r
Daily Continental Express.
so d M
* 3*_
HOB
c3 U cS
to
1
21 55
10 00
17 45
3 45
13 15
4 30a.
2 45p,
0 00a,
8 00a,
3 OOp.
8 50p,
7 00a,
1 40p
11 lOp.
1083
1349
1481
1614
1913
2772
2992
27861
2906
3078
3246
3387
3664
Moose Jaw.
Brandon...
Winnipeg..
Rat Portage
Port Arthur
Toronto	
Detroit	
Ottawa	
Montreal...
Quebec ....
Boston	
New York..
St. John....
Halifax....
J50 00
|35 00
5 50 35
|35 00
5 50 00
t 35 00
5 50 00
|35 00
I 50 00
i 35 00
169 30
154 30
69 30
54 30'
\ 76 20 12
1 59 00
j 76 20
1 59 00
S 77 70
161 00
5 77 00
(61 00
(78 00
60 50
85 50
67 00
90 20
69 00
10
25
30
10
00
30
OOfp.m
45p.m.
25a.m
40p.m
15p.m
00a.m
25p.m
45p.m
30p.m
Canadian Pacific Navigation Company, Limited.
Office—C.P.N.Co., Wharf St., Victoria.
VICTORIA TO VANCOUVER, CONNECTING
WITH C. P. R.
Leave Victoria daily (except Monday) at 2 a.m.
Leave Vancouver daily (except Monday) on arrival  of  C. P. R. Eastern train 13  o'clock.
City oe Kingston.
Connecting with Northern Pacific Railway at
Seattle and Tacoma.
Ticket Office, Victoria,
E. E. BLACKWOOD, Agent,
79 Government Street.
VICTORIA TO TACOMA.
Leave Victoria, 8:30 p.m. except Saturday.
"     Port Townsend, 12 p.m.
|     Seattle, 3:30 a.m.
Arrive Tacoma, 5:15 a.m.
TACOMA TO VICTORIA.
Leave Tacoma, 8:00 a.m. except Sunday.
%    Seattle, 10:15 a.m.
"     Port Townsend, 1:30 p.m.
Arrive Victoria, 4:30 p.m.
m 16
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
■*=» »='
SHELF Al
IMPORTERS OF
,VY HARDWARE,
Paints, Oils and Glass
000000000000
Leather and Rubber Belting,
Saw Mill and Mining Supplies,
Agricultural Tools,
Bar Iron, Steel.
Picks, Shovels, Axes.
-AGENTS FOE-
Tudson Powder & Dynamite.
ORDERS BY MAIL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
Vancouver and New Westminster, HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
IT
Northern Pacific Railroad.
direct line to all poitts east.
E. E. BLACKWOOD,     A. D. CHAKLTON,
Victoria Agent,      Asst.
79 Government St.
Gen. Pass. Agent,
Portland, Oregon.
TACOMA TO  PORTLAND.
Leave Tacoma daily at 9:30 a.m. and 11:25 p.m.
Arrive Portland daily at 5:35 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.
Leave Portland daily at 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.
Arrive Tacoma daily at 4:30 p .m. and II :10 p.ml
Portland to Chicago.
Read down.
Bead up.
Leave.
Stations.
Arrive.
5 00
6 15
7 55
11 30
5 50
12 40
6 35
2 30
11 40
12 15
7 15
p.m.
a.m.
a.m.
a.m.
p.m.
p.m.
p.m.
a.m.
a.m.
p.m.
a.m.
 Portland ...
. . Ellen sburg.
.North  Yakima
... Pasco	
.... Spokane ...
 Helena....
.... Bismarck ...
... Moorhead ..
.. Minneapolis .
....St. Paul...
....  Chicago ...
00
00
45
11 25
10 45
a.m.
p.m.
p.m.
a.m.
a.m.
p.m.
a.m.
a.m.
p.m.
p.m.
p.m.
GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY.
TO SEATTLE.
STEAMER  TO   NEW   WESTMINSTER   OR VANCOUVER.
FROM YICTORIA.
Through Trains. Daily.
Read down.
Read up.
10 05 a.m
11 30 a.m
1 05 p.m
1 35 p.m
3 OOp.m
4 18 p.m
5 40p.m
.Soath Westminster.
 Blaine ....'...
...New Whatcom...
 Fairhaven	
...Mount Vernon...
 Everett	
 Seattle	
5 15 p.m
3 50 p.m
2 15 p.m
1 45 p.m
12 20 p.m
11 03 a.m
9 40 a.m
FAIRHAVEN & SOUTHERN RAILWAY, NEW WESTMINSTER &
SOUTHERN RAILWAY.
North
Bound.
Distance
from
Seattle.
*Flag Stations.
South
Bound.
Daily.
Daily.
9 30 a.m
11 03 a.m
12 18 p.m
12 45 p.m
1 45 p.m
2 05 p.m
2 15 p.m
3 50 p.m
8 53 p.m
4 03 p.m
4 06 p.m
4 19 p.m
4 38 p.m
5 02 p.m
5 10 p.m
5 15 p.m
0
33
68
79
95
97
98
119
120
123
124
128
133
140
142
144
 Lv. Seattle Ar	
 Everett	
 Mt. Vernon^	
..F. & S. Junction..
..Lv. Fairhaven Ar..
B.B. & H.(;. Crossing
 New Whatcom....
 Blaine	
....Douglas, B.C	
.. Royal City Spur ..
 Port Kells	
 Bon Accord *....
1... S.  Westminster...
5 50 p.m
4 18 p.m
3 02 p.m
2 36 p.m
1 40p m
1 30 p.m
110 p.m
11 45 a.m
11 27 a.m
11 17 a.m
11 13 a.m
11 00 a.m
10 42 a.m
10 18 a.m
10 10 a.m
10 05 a.m
VANCOUVER, NEW WHATCOM AND
FAIRHANEN.
THROUGH TO SAN FRANCISCO.
Canadian Pacific, Northern Pacific and Southern
Pacific.
Read down.
Read up.
Daily.    Dis
Fares   Daily.
9 00
11 06
11 22
11 36
12 05
12 20
13 00
6 05
11 OOp.m
7 OOp.m
9 18 p.m
10 23 p.m
10 50 a.m
4 35 a.m
8 15 a.m
_ancouver	
Mission Junc'tn
Abboi-sford	
Huntingdon....
Sumas City	
Everson	
New Whatcom.
Seattle	
Take N.P.R.R.
Tacoma	
Portland	
TakeS.P.R.R.
Salem	
Albany 	
Ashland	
Sacramento
SanFrancisco.
18 08
16 17
15 40
15 30
15 15
15 00
14 20
9 30 a.m
3 40 p.m
8 00 a.m
5 26 a.m
4 23 a.m
10 50 p.m
7 OOp.m
ESQUIMALT & NANAIMO RAIL.
WAY.
DUNSMUIR, JOS.
President.
HUNTER,
Gen'l Supt.
H. P. PRIOR, Freight and Passenger Agt.
North Bound.
(Read Down.)
South Bound.
(Head Dp.)
cS p
*°
^ 00
3Q0Q
a..
O 03
>>
^ o
cfl
oo+>
fi
—H'H
£»
§
00
M
CD
-H
03
5
Er
M
a.0
™ 03
m
odoq
P.M
2 30
2 34
2 44
6 14
6 26
A.M.
8 00
8 04
8 14
8 39
9 14
9 34
9 44
9 57
10 07
10 12
10 22
10 48
11 09
11 50
11 59
P.M.
12 14
.. Victoria...
1 Russel's	
4 Esquimalt
lljGoldstream  	
20 Summit Siding	
28 8hawnigan Lake	
31 Cobble Hill	
35 McPherson's	
38Koksilah	
40 Duncan's	
43 Somenas	
52|Chemainus	
59TOyster Bay	
de.} Nanaimo.]^
73
78 Wellington.
P.M.I
12 24
12 20
12 10
A.M.
11 45
11 10
10 50
10 40
10 27
10 17
10 12
10 02
9 36
9 15
8 34
8 25
8 10
P.M
5 58
5 54
19
50
24
14
45
49
44
34
12
55
2 14 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIH.
Victoria & Esquimalt Mail and Express,
Leave Post Office daily, except Sunday, for Esquimalt, at 8 and 11 a.m., 2 and 5 p.m.
Returning—Leave Esquimalt 9,12 a m 3, 6 p m.
For Parcels, call at Queens Market, cor. Johnson and Government sts., and B. C. Cattle Co.,
cor. Government and Yates Streets.    VICTORIA.
GEO.  S.   RUSSELL'S
tft     SHAYING PARLORS,
48 Yates Street,     VICTORIA.
Porcelainlined baths. Hot and cold water
CEO.    MARSDEN,
Agent for San Francisco, Portland, Taco -
ma and Seattle Newspapers.
Will deliver to any part of the town.   Orders
may be leEt at Frank Campbell's Cigac
Store, or 138 Yates street, Victoria, B. C
William   Lindley,
Practical   Taxidermist.
Birds, Animals, Deer Heads, Stuffed and Mounted
to order from fresh specimens or dry skins.
First-class work guaranteed.    Cases, Heads and
Horns cleaned.   No. 7 Oriental Alley.
P. O. Box 605. Victor, B. C.
After years of experience I am prepared
to shoe horses in a practical manner.
Interfering and Tender Feet a Specialty.
17 Broughton  St., near   Transfer   Co's
Stables.       Victoria, B. C.
'\7%r* x>xj3srcJj9Lisr
92 Douglas St., Victoria,. B. C.
SADDLE & HARNESS-MAKER
Dealer in Whips, Curry-Combs, Valises.
Repairing Promptly Attended to.
JNO. FAULKNER,
27 & 27a Gov. St., Victoria, B. C.
East India Art "Ware and Curios.
. Pure Ceylon and Indian Teas.
Japanese   Store,
Importers of all kinds of
JAPANESE    MERCHANDISE
Direct from Japan.
150 Gov'ment St., DeCosmos block, Victoria,B.C *
Brown
Cor. Gov. and
Fort Sts.
Choicel in-
ported Wines,
Liquors and Cigars.   Commercial Lunch
from 11 a. m. to 2 p. m.
M. POWERS, Prop.     VICTORIA, B.C.
Architect,
Office over Spencer's Arcade, Gov. St.
VICTORIA, B   C.
129 Douglas St., Victoria.
Misses WOOLDRIDHE,
Millinery and Dressmaking.
T. W. FLETCHER,
TtiLxJLtslc   Store.
American and Canadian Pianos and Organs from the Leading Makers.
Also Sewing Machines.
37 Fort Street, VICTORIA, B. C.
LEWIS HALL, D. D. S.,
DENTIST.
Special attention given to frail and diseased teeth.
Gas and Ether administered for the painless, extraction of teeth.
Jewell Block, cor. Yates and Douglas Sts.
HERBERT   CUTHBERT & CO.,
Auctioneers  and   Produce   Brokers.
Furniture, Real Estate, Farm Stock
and General Auctioneers.
Offices, Salesrooms and Worehonses, cor. Broad
St. and Trounce Ave. and City Market. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
19
SHUSWAP & OKANAGAN RAILWAY.
C. P. R.
Trains South.
Read Down.
Trains North.
Read Up.
Okanagan
Mixed.
Miles from
Sicamous
Junction.
Stations.
00
®
Shuswap
Mixed.
8 05
8 44
0.0
12.9
23.4
31.7
38.0
46.1
51.0
de. Sicamous Junction ar.$
18 50
18 00
9 15
 Enderby t
—
17 30
9 45
17 00
10 05
16 40
10 30
10 45
11 00
de.} Vernon...4] fe-
ar. OkanaganLanding.de.
—
16 15
16 05
15 40
COLUMBIA   &    KOOTENAY  RAILWAY AND NAVIGATION CO.
Going North.
Kead Op.
W. & Sat. 15.00
Tu. &Fri. 21.00
M.Tu.T.F.16.00
M.Ta.T.F.14.00
Tu.&Fri. 18.20
Tu.&Fri. 12.30
Tu. & Fri. 7.00
Stations.
„„. Revel stoke . A„
ar....bv6tr....de
 Nakusp	
de...Rob8on	
Robson. C. &j.
arK. Railway.de
de... Nelson	
de... Nelson	
de.LittleDalles ar
rt ..Spokane..
de.... Falls....ar
Going ISouth.
Read Down.
M. & Thu. 4.00
M. & Thu. 8.00
M.Tu.T.F.18.00
M.Tu.T.F. 20.00
Tu.
Tu.
&Fri. 5.00
&Fri. 9.00
Tu. & Fri. 17.00
C. P. N. Co.
Office—C. P. N. Co., Wharf Street, Victoria,
VICTORIA    TO     NEW     WESTMINSTER
WAY     PORTS.
AND
Leave Victoria for New Westminster, Ladner's
Landing and Lulu Island. Wednesday and
Friday at 7 o'clock, Sunday at 23 o'clock
Sunday's steamer connects with C. P. R.
train Monday, going east.
Leave Victoria for Plumper Pass Wednesdays
and Fridays at 7 o'clock.
Leave Victoria for Morseby Island at 7 o'clock.
Leave Victoria for Pender Island at 7 a.m.
RETURNING:
Leave New Westminster for Victoria at 13 o'clock
Thursday and Saturday at 7 o clock p. m.
JOAN.
VICTORIA TO NANAIMO AND COMOX E.& N.R.R.
Office—E. & N.Depot, Victoria.
Leave Victoria every Tuesday at 5 a. m.
"     Nanaimo for Comox Wednesdays at 7 a.m.
1    Comox for Valdez Island every Thursday
at 7 a.m.
returning to Comox same day.
"     Comox for Nanaimo every Friday at 7 a.m.
"    Nanaimo for Victoria every Saturday at 7
a.m. arriving at Victoria about 3p.m.
same day.
C. P. N. Co.
Office—C. P. N. Co. Wharf Street, Victoria.
victoria to alberni.
Steamer Maude.
Leaves Victoria for Alberni and sound ports the
1st and 15th of each month.
VICTORIA TO FORT SIMPSON AND NORTHERN
POINTS.
Steamers leave Victoria and if sufficient inducements offer they call at points on West Coast
and Queen Oharlotte Islands. Enquire at
office, Wharf Street, Victoria.
FRASER RIVER STEAMERS.
C. P. N. CO.
Office-C. P. N. Co., Wharf street, Victrria.
Steamer William Irving.
Leaves New Westminster' for Chilliwhack and
Way Ports Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at 7 a. m Returning leaves Chilliwhack
Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays at 8 a. m.
Steamer Gladys.
Leave Westminster for Hammond, Haney, Langley, Mount Lehman, Mission, Sumas and
Chilliwhack, on Mondays, Wednesdays and
Fridays at 7 a. m. Returning leaves Chilliwhack Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays
at 7 a.m. j
Steamer Delaware.
Leaves Westminster for Hammond^Haney, Langley, Mount Lehman. Mission, Sumas and
Cnilliwhack, on Mondays, Wednesdays and
Fridays at 7 a. m.
Steamer Bon Accord.
Leaves New Westminster every day on arrival of
1.20 car from Vancouver for Langley.
Returning arrives at New Westminster at 8 a. m.
NEW WESTMINSTER TO STEVES-
TON.
Steamer Telephone.
Leaves New Westminster daily at 3 p. m. for
Ewen's Cannery, Brodie's Cannery, Wood-
wood Slough, Ladner's Landing, Guichon's
Landing, Canoe Pass, Westham Island, Lulu
Island, Duncan and Bachelor's Cannery,
English Cannery, Steveston and Garry Point
Cannery.
VANCOUVER TO NANAIMO.
R. M. S, S. Cutch.
Leaves Nanaimo daily at 7 a. m.    Returning
leaves Vancouver at 1 p, m.
NANAIMO, VANCOUVER AND NEW
WESTMINSTER.
S. S- City of Nanaimo.
Leaves Nanaimo for Vancouver and Westminster
Tuesdays and Saturdays at 7 a. m.
Leaves Nanaimo for Vancouver only on Thursdays, and Fridays at 7 a. m.
Returning, leaves New Westminster Mondays at
6 a. m., and Wednesdays at 7 a. m.
Leaves Vancouver Mondays at 2 p. m., Tuesdays
at 12 noon. Thursdays at 2 p. m, and Saturdays at 11 a. m. 20
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
D. R. HARRIS, J. P.
Notary Public.
N. P. SNOWDEN, J. P.
Notary Public.
Lowenberg, Harris & Co.,
Financial and Real Estate
Agents.
41 GOVERNMENT STREET.
( Victoria, British, Columbia.
Offices } New Westminster.    [England.
( No. 22 St. Mary axe., London,
AGENCIES :
Commercial Union Assurance Co., Ltd.
London Assurance Corporation.
London and Lancashire Life Assurance
Co.
North China Insurance Co. Ltd., (.Marine)
Northern Counties Investment Trust, Ld.
Bradford, England.
Cable address—" Lowenberg, Vancouver
Island." Al and Slaters Code used.
Nicholles & Renouf,
Importers and Dealers in all kinds of
HARDWARE !
> • ■<
Bar Iron, Steel Tubing, Paints and Oils,
Farm Implements, Sawmill, Gristmill  and    Mining   Machinery,
Leather and Rubber Belting.
AGENTS FOR THE
Massey-Harris   Manfg.  Co., Harvesting
Machinery.
Waterous Engine Works Co., Brantford.
J. C. McLaren Belting Co., Montreal.
P. O. Box
Victoria, B. C.
J. C. LEASE & CO.
FASHIONABLE
TAILORS,
86 Government Street,
Victoria,     -      -      -      B. C.
ALSO   FOR
The Hartford Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn., and
The Scottish Union and National Assurance Co. of Edinburgh.
Poodle   Dog    Hotel
estaurant.
LOUIS   MARBOEUF,
PROPRIETOR
Yates Street, between Government and
Broad,
VICTORIA,
B. 0. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH CFLUMBIA.
21
HOWE    SOUND   AND   SQUAMISH
RIVER.
Steamer Saturna.
Leaves Vancouver Tuesdays and Fridays at 9
a. m. for Howe Sound.
Returning Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Leaves Vancouver Mondays for Squamish River.
Returning same night.
VANCOUVER TO COMOX.
S. S. Comox.
Leaves Vancouver every Monday at 11 a. m. for
Comox and Way Ports via Malaspina Straits.
REVELSTOKE TO LITTLE
DALLES.
Steamers Lytton, Columbia and Kootenax.
Leave Revelstoke on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturdays (one of the above steamers each
day) at 4 o'clock for Robson.
Returning   Wednesday,    Friday   and   Monday
mornings.
VANCOUVER   TO   CHILLIWHACK.
Steamer Sunbury.
Leaves Vancoaver for Chilliwhack via North
Arm, calling at New Westminster Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Returning, leaves Chilliwhack Tuesdays and
Fridays.
OKANAGAN LAKE STEAMER.
S. S. Penticton.
Leaves Mission for Vernon Tuesday 10 a. m. and
Thursday 1.30 o. m.
Returning leaves Vernon Wednesday 8.30 a. m.
and Friday at 6 p. m.
Leave Mission for Penticton Wednesday 1.30 p m
Returning leaves Penticton Thursday 8.30 a. m.
GOLDEN TO WINDERMERE.
Steamers Hyak and Duchess.
Leave Golden for Saw Mill, Carbonate, Hog
Ranch, Jubilee, Spallumacheen Galena. Sinclair, Windermere, and Adela Tuesdays and
Fridays.
Returning, leaves Adela Thursdays and Sundays.
Connection at Windermere with stage line
for Fort Steele, Cranbrook, etc.
NEW WESTMINSTER FERRY.
Leaves New Westminster-6 30, 7 00, 8 00, 9 00,
10 30, 11 25, a. m., 1 00, 2 00, 3 00, 4 00,4 50, 5 35
and 7 00 p. m.
Leaves South W estminster—6 40, 7 30,8 30, 9 30,
10 50,11 50, a. m., 1 30, 2 30, 3 30, 4 25, 5 15, 5 50
and 7 30 p. m.
SUNDAYS.
Leaves New Westminster—9 30,10 30, a. m., 4 50
p. m.
Leaves South Westminster—10 00,10 45 a. m. 5 25
p. m.
WESTMINSTER AND VANCOUVER
TRAMWAY COMPANY.
Daily [Except Sunday.]
Leave Westminster—7, 8, 9,10,11,12 a. m.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10 40. p.m.
Leave Vancouver—7 20, 8 20, 9 20,10 20,11 20,12 20
a. m.
1 20, 2 20, 3 20. 4 20, 5 20, 6 20, 7 20, 8 20, 9 20
10 55. p. m.
I
./ 22
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
P. O. Box 104.
Telephone 95.
The B.C. Land & Investment Agency
(LIMITED.)
NANAIMO OFFICE, GREEN BLOCK.
W. K. LEIGHTON, Manager.
-AGENT FOR-
Royal, Guardian, London  and Canadian
Union, North British and Mer-
chantile Insurance Co'ys.
Western    Investment   and    Savings
Company, Dominion Building
and Loan Association.
Hawthornthwaite & Co.,
i      MINING
—AND-
Real Estate
BROKERS,
NANAIMO & WELLINGTON,
yfYW^
Mineral Claims,
Coal and Timber Lands.
A Large List of Improved Farms.
VANCOUVER
Furniture 0 Warehouse !
Established 1873.
Bastion, Wharf and Front Streets.
JOHN HUBERT
Manufacturer and Direct Importer of
FURNITURE !
DEALER IN
Carpets,    Bedding,
—AND —
General House Furnishing Goods.
Undertaker & Embalmer.
Agent New Home Sewing Machines.
Telephone J 0ffice'   Na 5(X
leiepnone j ReBidence) 10L P> 0 Box 16
NANAIMO, B. 0. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
23
Tariff «f  Fares.
STEAMER.
Victoria to Nanaimo	
do       New Westminster
do       Port Townsend	
do       Seattle	
do       Tacoma	
do       Vancouver	
do       San Francisco	
Vancouver to Bowen Island	
do Gambie Island	
do Nanaimo	
do Squamish	
New Westminster to Chilliwhack..
do do Steveston ...
Revelstoke to Little Dalles	
do Port Sheppard	
do Robson	
do Trail Creek	
Golden to Windermere & Adela(r.t)
STAGE.
; 3 oo
3 00
2 00
3 00
3 50
3 00
20 00
1 00
1 50
2 00
2 00
2 00
0 50
9 00
8 25
5 00
8 25
8 00
Ashcroft to Alexandria $33
do       Alkali  15
do       Barkerville  42
do       Bonaparte Valley     3
do       Bridge Creek  13
do       Cache Creek     1
do       Clinton     5
do       83 Mile House  11
do       Hanceville  35
do       Hot Creek     2
do       Lac La Hache  16
do       150 Mile House  22
do       Pavillion     5
do       Quesnelle  37
do       70 Mile House     9
do       Soda Creek  28
do       Stanley  41
Agassiz to Harrison Hot Springs..    1
Cowichan to McPherson     0
Clinton to Lillooet     5
Enderly to Lansdowne     0
do       O'Kanagan     2
do       O'Kanagan Mission...    6
do       Vernon     3
Kamloops to Lower Nicola     5
do Coutlee     5
do Quilchena,     5
do Rockford     3
Mission to Burton Prairie     1
Nanaimo to Beavtr Creek     3
do        French Creek     2
New Westminster to Aldergrove....    2
do do       Clayton......    0
do do       Clover Valley.   1
do do       HalJs Prairie..   1
00
00
50
25
50
00
00
oo
00
25
00
50
50
00
00
00
00
00
50
00
75
00
50
00
00
00
00
50
50
00
00
50
75
00
25
New Westminster to Langley Prar.   1 00
do do       Mud Bay     0 45
do do       Surrey Centre   0 75
Savona to Duck and Pringle     3 00
Spence's Bridge to Coutlee     5 00
do do         Nicola Lake...    5 00
do       do Rockford     7 50
Vancouver to Richmond Island...   0 50
do Sea Island     1 00
do Steveston     1 00
Victoria to East Sooke     1 50
do        Prairie Tavern     1 50
do        Lake     0 50
do        Metchosin     1 00
do        Rocky Point     100
do        Saanich     0 50
Windermere to Crankbrook     3 00
do Fort Steele     7 00
do Wasa     8 00
RAILWAY.
Vancouver to Ashcroft $10 25
do Agassiz     3 10
do        Albert Canyon  20 00
do Abbotsford     2 00
do Beaver Mouth  22 30
do        Banff.  28 95
do Brandon  50 00
do Boston, Mass  77 00
do Cisco     7 50
do Cherry Creek  11 90
do Craigellachi  17 55
do Clan WiUiam  18 50
do Castle Mountain 27 15
do Cascade  27 65
do Calgary  32 10
do Drynock     8 60
do        Ducks 13 35
do Donald  22 90
do        Detroit, Mich  69 30
do Everson     2 40
do        Eldon  26 75
do        Field  25 40
do Griffin Lake  33 10
do Glacier House  21 10
do Golden  23 75
do Hastings        20
do Hammond         80
do Haney        90
do Harrison     2 65
do Hope     4 00
do        Hector  25 80
do Huntingdon     2 15
do        Halifax, N.S  90 20
do Illecillewaeh  20 35
do        Keefers     7 00
do Kamloops  12 50
do Lytton     7 80
do        Leanchoil 24 75 24
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
E, G, PRIOR & CO,,
LIMITED   LIMITED.
Importers of Iron, Hardware, Agricultural
Machinery and Vehicles of all Kinds.
Sole agents for the Planet, Jr., Farm and
Garden Implements.
Warehouses at Victoria and Kamloops
Write for special catalogue and prices.
P.A.Nicolle&Co.
JAPANESE   MERCHANTS,
95 Yates Street,        -        Wilson Block,
And at Higio, Japan.
We carry the largest and most varied
stock of Oriental Goods in British Columbia. Imported direct from our firm
in Japan.
Box 76.
Established 1858.
Telephone 418.
Phillips Bros.
SODA WATER,
Syrup, Sarsaparilla,  Ginger  Beer
and Cider Manufacturers.
LOWER YATES ST.,
Near Wharf St.        -        Victoria, B. C.
Thomas Roarke
RUBBER STAMP MANUFACTURER
—AND—
GENERAL  COMMERCIAL
ob Printer I
28 Broad St., Victoria, B. C.
P.O.Box 98.      Established 1862.   Telephone 118
CHAS. E. REDFERN,
Watchmaker and Jeweller
43 GOV'MENT ST., VICTORIA.
Watches, Clocks and Jewellry Repaired
and Satisfaction Guaranteed.   Optical    Goods  in   Great  Variety.
Chronometers rated by transit observations.
PIONEER
Steam Coffee & Spice
1    MILLS,
STEMLER & EARLE.
Established 1875.
Manufacturers of Coffee, Spices, Cocoa,
Cream Tartar, Mustard and
Baking Powder.
Pembroke st., between Government and Douglas
VICTORIA, B. C.
Victoria Steam Bakery
MANUFACTUREKS   OF
CRACKERS AND BISCUITS,
Wholesale and Retail.
M. R.SM1TH&CO.
57 FORT STREET.
P. O. Box 289. Telephone 121.
CASH   GROCERY
81 DOUGLAS STREET*
Disher & Campbell,
Dealers in Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Fruits, Flour, Feed, Cigars,
Tobacco,  Etc.
We blend our own Teas and grind our
own Coffee.
Cash Paid for Country Produce.
Clarence Hotel Building, Victoria, B. C. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
25
Vancouver to Loggan. 26 25
do Mission Junction...    1 65
do        Mission     1 70
do        Moberly  23 40
do        Medicine Hat  41 10
do        Moose Jaw  50 00
do        Montreal, Que 76 20
do New Whatcom, Wash   3 30
do Nicomen     2 20
do        North Bend     6 45
do        Notch Hill  14 95
do New York  78 00
do Ottertail 25 05
do Ottawa, Ont  76 20
do        Palliser  24 35
do        Port Moody        60
do        Pennys  10 95
do Port Arthur  50 00
do        Portland, Ore  13 30
do Quebec  77 70
do Ruby Creek     3 60
do        Revelstoke  18 95
do Rogers Pass  21 20
do Rat Portage, Man. .<. 50 00
do Spuzzum     5 70
do Spence's Bridge     8 90
do Spatsum     9 50
do Savonas  11 25
do        Shuswap  14 15
do Salmon Arm,   15 80
do Sicamous  16 75
do Six MiUe Creek .... 22 05
do Stephen  25 95
do Sumas City     2 15
do St. Johns, N. B 85 50
do San Francisco, Cal.. 33 30
do Seattle, Wash     6 30
do        Tacoma     |         7 05
do        Tranquille  12 10
do Tappen Siding  15 40
do        Twin Butte  19 50
do Toronto, Ont  69 30
do Westminster Junc'tn       80
do Westminster     1 00
do        Wharmock     1-20
do Winnipeg, Man  50 00
do Yale     4 70,
Victoria to Cobble HiU     1 75
do        Chemainus     2 50
do        Duncans     2 25
do        Esquimalt         25
do        Goldstream        75
do        Koksilah     2 00
do        McPherson's     2 00
do        Nanaimo     3 00
do        Oyster Bay     2 75
do        Russells        25
do        Shawnigan Lake     1 50
do        Summit Siding     1 00
do        Wellington     3 25
The publishers would feel obliged if
managers of railway, steamer and stage
lines will send in a further list of fares
and corrections on or before the 15th of
each month.
SLEEPING CAR TARIFF. '
Vancouver to Montreal
Ottawa $20 00
Winnipeg  12 00
St. Paul  13 50
Halifax  24 00
Quebec 21 50
Portland 22 00
.$20 00
Toronto 18 00
Port Arthur 15 00
Boston 20 50
St. John's, N. B. 22 50
New York 22 00
Chicago  15 50
PACIFIC
AST   STEAMSHIP CO.
E.   P.   KITHET   &   CO.,
Agents, Wharf Street.
SAILINGS FOE APRIL FOR SAN FRANCISCO
From  Victoria:
Walla Walla  April 1
Umatilla         " 9
City of Puebla         ® 14
Walla Walla         " 19
Umatilla          " 24
City of Puebla         " 29
Arrive Victoria :
Umatilla  April 3
City of Puebla	
Walla  Walla         " 13
Umatilla          " 18
City of Puebla         " 23
Walla WaUa         | 28
CHINA   STEAMERS.
SAILINGS FOR APRIL, 1893.
Empress  of India  leaves Victoria, April
3rd; arrives at Yokohama about i-pril 17th;_
Shanghai April 21st, and Hong Kong April 25
Empress of Japan,  leaves Victoria April
24th; arrives at Yokohama about May 8th,
Shanghai May 12th   and Hong Kong about
May 16th.
Empress   of  Japan   leaves  Hong  Kong
March 22nd; arrives at Victoria about April 12 26
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
u
Information regarding Tickets & Baggage,
Sates at which tickets may be sold are fixed by
the management of transportation companies,
and cannot be changed by the ticket agent.
Unlimited first class ticket entitles the holder to
ride in first-class coaches. They are good for
an indefinite period, and allow stop-overs at any
point subject to the regulations of the line or
lines over which they read.
Limited first class ticket entitles the holder to
every privilege accorded to an unlimited ticket,
but must be used within a specified time from its
date of sale. It is usually limited to two or three
days longer than the actual time required to
reach destination. Stop-overs may be had within such limit.
Second class ticket entitles the holder to ride in
a second class coach. It does not allow stopovers at any point.
Children 5 years of age, and under 12, are
charged half fare; those under five, free.
Contract Tickets—If you attempt to travel on
a ticket bought for another person and usually
marked "Not T.ansferable, ' it is the duty of the
conductor to take it up and collect full fare, of
which the passenger cannot expect a refund nor
the return of the lifted ticket.
Unused tickets are generally redeemed by the
company as an act of courtesy. Unused tickets,
or parts of tickets, should be forwarded to the
General Passanger Agent of the issuing line,
with an explanation of why they were not used.
The retnrn portion of a round-trip ticket is generally redeemable at a differance between the
amount paid for it and the regular trip rates
between the points for which sold.
Stop-Overs—If you wish to stop off atany point
and your ticket allows it, you must ask the conductor for a stop-over check, without which you
will be obliged to pay fare on resuming your
journey.
Lost Tickets—If you lose your ticket you are
out of pocket the value thereof. Give notice of
your loss to the conductor, pay your fare to him
taking a receipt for the amount ] aid. Then
write the General Passenger 4gent on the road,
enclose receipt, and explain the circumstances.
The railway company will adjust the matter.
BAGGA.GE.
Baggage to the Amount of 150 Pounds is allowed on each full ticket; 75 pounds on half
tickets.
A single piece of baggage weighing over 250
pounds will not be checked, but must be shipped
by express or as freight.
Baggagemen are not allowed to check baggage
until they have examined your ticket.
Baggagemen are not allowed to check to a
point short of the destination of your ticket, unless such ticket allows stop-over privileges.
Baggagemen cannot knowingly check anything
but personal apparel and travelling effects; all
other articles must be weighed and charged for
as excess baggage.
As a matter of precaution, have your name and
address plainly marked on your trunk; and make
a note of your check number, for in case of losing
your check you will be called upon to prove your
property.
These rules are based on judicial decisions and
are therefore beyond dispute.
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CO HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA
GEO. R RAYMOND, Proprietor.
First-Class in Every Respect.       Fire-Proof Building in Centre of City.
Head Quarters for Commercial Travellers.
THE PIONEER.
DUNLAP BEOS. & CO., AMHERST, N. S.
DUNLAP, M'KIM & DOWNS. WALLACE, N. S.
DUNLAP, COOKE & CO., AMHERST, N. S.
Linoleum, and House Furnishings of Every Description.
Undertaking in all its Branches.   The Largest Establishment of its kind on the
Mainland.
12-23 CORDOVA STREET, - VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. Box 2.   Telephones :—Office 52, Factory 75, Residence 259.
THOS. DUNLAP.
CLOTHIERS AND IMPORTERS OF
or'M
HATS   A'ND   CAP8. 28
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Leading Hotels in British
Columbia.
The Ainsworth.
Queen's Hotel.
Agassiz—The Bella Vista.
Ainsworth—The "Vancouver.
Ashcroft—Ashcroft Hotel.
Ashcroft Station   Ashcroft House.
Beaver—Homestead Hotel.
Bnrrard Inlet—Brighton House,
Balfour—The Balfour House.
Blue Springs—Rams Horn.
Beaver Point -Kerman's Hotel.
Beaver Creek—Alberni Hotel.
Brownsville—Punch's Hotel.
Chemainus—Louisville Hotel.
Chilliwack—Harrison Hotel.
Coutlee—Ooutlee's Hotel.
Clover Valley—Star Hotel.
Cloverdale—The Starr.
Clinton—Clinton Hotel.
Cobble Hill—Station Hotel.
Cedar—Cranberry Hotel.   Wheat Sheaf
Duncan's  Station—Quamichan Hotel.   Aderlea
Hotel
Dog Creek—Dog Creek Hotel
Duck & Pringle— Brunswick House
Esquimalt—Howard's Hotel
Elgin—Samuel Clay Hotel
French Creek—Hirst's Hotel
Fort Steele—Levett's Hotel
Fairmont Springs—Brewer's Hotel
Fort Simpson—Fort Simpson Hotel
Goldstreani—Coldstream House
Golden—Kootenay House.   Queen's Hotel
Galena—Spillmachene Hotel
Hatzec—Mrs. Woodside's Hotel
Heal-^-Steven's Hotel, Mount Newton Hotel.
Huntingdon—American Hoiel
Hope—Fort Hope Hotel.   Columbia Hotel
Harrison Hot Springs—St. Alice Hotel
Illecillewaet—Maple Leaf.   Merchants
Kamloops—Grand Pacific.   Cosmopolitan
Ladner's Landing—Delta, Hicks
Lilloet—Pioneer
Lulu Island—London's
Lund—Hotel Malaspina
Mission City—The Albion
Moodyville—Moodyville Hotel
North Bend—Webb
Nicola Lake—Driard
New Westminster—The Colonial, Queen's, Hotel
Douglas
Nanaimo—Windsor House, Wilson
Nakusp—Hotel Nakusp, Leland, Madden House
Northfield--Wall's, Roger's
New Denver—Slocan
Penticton—Penticton
Port Hammond —Dale's
Pilot Bay—Blan chard, Clark
Port Haney—The Cosmopolitan
Parksville—Parksville, The Errington
Riverside—Riverside
Robson—Robson
Revelstoke—Victoria
Rogers Pass—Queens
Rockford—Rockford House
Sidney—Sidney Hotel
Savanas's Ferry—Lake View
Steveston—Commercial
Sandwich—Courtenay House, Riverside Hotel
Salmon Arm—Balmoral
Sicamous—Lake View
Surrey Centre—Boothroyd's
Salt Spring Island—Stevens House
Trail Creek—Trail House
Twigoose—Truly Rural
Vernon -Kalemalka, Coldstream, Victoria, Vernon, O'Kanagan.
Van Winkle—Cottonwood, Stanley
Vancouver—Vancouver, Manor, Leland
Victoria—Driard, Dallas, Victoria. Wilson, Balmoral, Occidental, Metropole, Brunswick,
Oriental
Wellington—Wellington, Wren
Westholme—Chemainus Hotel
Windermere—Stoddert's
Wasa—Hansen's HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
29
British  Columbia   Post  Offices
and Postmasters.
Abbotsford, Frank Monroe.
Aberdeen, W. H. Dempster.
Agassiz, L. A. Agassiz.
Ainsworth, Robt. Green.
Alberni, Agnes Erickson.
Aldergrove, J. P. Alport.
Alert Bay, S. A. Spencer.
Alexandria, Alex. D. Mclnnis.
Alkali Lake, John Bowe.
Armstrong, Danl. Rabbitt.
Ashcroft, M. J. Cornwall.
Ashcroft Station, Wm. B. V. Bailey.
Balfour, Chas. W. Busk.
Barkerville, Jas. Stone.
Beaver, W. Neilson.
Beaver Creek, Chas. F. Bishop.
Beaver Point, Alex. McLennan.
Big Bar Creek, Philip Grinder.
Blue Springs, Alex. McDonell.
Brownsville, James Punch.
Burgoyne Bay, Saml. Maxwell.
Burrard Inlet, Geo. Black.
Cache Creek, Jas. Campbell.
Cedar, John Hill.
Cheam, C. S. Ryder.
Chemainus, E. J. Palmer.
Chilcoten, Gerald Dester.
Chilliwack, Saml. Mellard.
Clayoquot, John L. Penny.
Clayton, C. C. Cameron.
Claxton, A. S. .Robertson.
Clinton, A. Le Bourdais.
Cloverdale, Geo. Campbell.
Clover Valley, D. McKenzie.
Cobble Hill, John T. Porter.
Colwood, Arthur H. Peatt.
Comox, J. B. Holmes.
Coquitlam, R. B. Kelly.
Corfield, Geo. T. Corfield.
Cortez Island, M. Manson.
Coutlee, Gilbert Blair.
Cowichan, Q. B. Ordano.
Cowichan Lake, A. C. Fraser.
Denman Island, R. T. Swan.
Departure Bay, Jas. Harper.
Des Rochers, Ernest D. Rochen.
Dewdney, John Barker.
Dog Creek, Jno. S. Place.
Donald, R. W. Patmore.
Douglas Lake, J. B. Greaves.
Duck & Pringle's, Wm. Seely.
Duncan's Station, W. P. Jaynes.
East Sooke, Jas. Keill.
East Wellington, W. S. Chandler.
Eburne, W. H. Eburne.
Elgin, C. F. Roland.
Empire Valley, E. J. Boyle.
Enderby, Oliver Harvey.
Errington, J. A. McCarter.
Esquimalt, Wm. S. Goodwin.
Fairmount Springs, Saml. Brewer.
Fairview, T. Elliott.
Field, H. G. Parson.
Fort Simpson, C. W. D. Clifford.
Fort Steele, Chas. Clark.
French Creek, Wm. H. Lee.
Gabriola Island, Jas. Gray.
Galena, Geo. McMillan.
Genoa, W. B. Baker.
Glenwood, Wm. Beavis.
Golden, Chas. A. Warren.
Goldstream, Jas. Phair.
Grande Prairie, R. M. Clemitson.
Granite Creek, W. T. Thompson.
Grantham, Margaret Grieve.
Hogan, Jas. Hogan.
Hall's Prairie, D. W. Brown.
Hanceville, O. T. Hance.
Harrison Hot Springs, Jno. R. Brown.
Harrison River, C. W. Menton.
Hatzic, F. T. Lazenby.
Hatzic Prairie, vacant.
Heal, Frank Heal.
Hope, Jas. Wardle.
Hornby Island, Geo. Ford.
Howe Sound, G. W. Gibson, Sr.
Huntingdon, T. F. Truswell.
Illicillewaet, A. C. McArthur.
Kamloops, E. H. Jones.
Kaslo,  S. B. Green.
Keithley Creek, G. A. Veith.
Kelowna, Thos. Spence.
Keremeos, Thos. Daly.
Kettle River, Ernest Spraggett.
Koksilah, Chris. Crosier.
Kootenay, David Griffith.
Kuper Island, G. T. Donekels.
Lac La Hache, Wm. Abel.
Ladner's Landing, Thos. McNeely.
Langley, Jas. M. Drummond.
Langley Prairie, Wm. Murray.
Lillooet, C. A. Phair.
Loch Enoch, Tom Wilson.
Lower Nicola, R. M. Woodward.
Lulu Island, W. H. London.
Lund, C. A. Thulin.
Lytton, Arthur Stevenson.
Mamette Lake, L. Guinville.
Maple Bay, Walter Morley.
Metlakatla, John Cunningham.
Millstream, Jos. Wriglesworth.
Mission City, Jas. Tretheway.
Moodyville, A. N. C. King.
Mount Lehman, E. J. Thompson.
Mount Pleasant, T. R. Morrow.
Mount Tolmie, Thos. Nicoll.
Mud Bay, Thos. Welsh. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
McPherson's Station, Annie Nightingale.
Nass Harbor, A. J. McLellan.
Naksup, W. S. Thomas.
Nanaimo, A. H. Home.
Nanoose Bay, Wm. Roberts.
Nelson, J. A. Gilker.
New Denver, Wm. Hunter.
New Westminster, Jno. O. Brown.
Nicola Lake, A. Carrington.
Nicomele, R. Ludlow.
Nicomin, Wm. Brown.
North Bend, Jno. Webb.
Northfield, Wm. Crossan.
North Saanich, T. J. Forfar.
Notch Hill, C. Castle.
Okanagon, Corn. O'Keefe.
Okanagon Mission, B. Lequime.
150 Mile House, R. Borland.
Osoyoos, Theo. Kruger.
Otter Point, Ed. Gordon.
Parksville, And. Hirst.
Pavilion, Wm. Lee.
Penticton, Thos. Ellis.
Pender Island, Wash. Grimmer.
Pilot Bay, vacant.
Plumper Pass, W. T. Collinson.
Port Guichon, Thos. Sherman.
Port Hammond, A. L. Lazenby.
Port Haney, D. Docksteader.
Port Kells, John Latta.
Port Moody, Jos. Tays.
Princeton, J. F. Allison.
Quamichan, C. F. Jaynes.
Quesnelle, Arch. McNaughton.
Quesnelle Forks, Wm. Stephenson.
Quilchena, R. Charters.
Revelstoke, F. B. Wells.
Revelstoke Station, H. J. Bowrne.
Riverside, E. A. Morrisy.
Rivers Inlet, H. J. Kicoland.
Robson, N. Levesque.
Rock Creek, M. McCuaig.
Rockford, Robt. Scott.
Roger's Pass, Wm. Cator.
Salmon Arm, Emily McGuire.
Salt Spring Island, Joel Broadwell.
Sandwick, Eric Duncan.
Sapperton, Thos. Johnson.
Sardis, A. S. Vedder.
Savona's Ferry, J. H. McNab.
Shopland, J. S. Shopland.
Shortreed, R. Shortreed, Jr.
Shuswap, Alex. McBryan.
Sicamous, W. F. Wood.
Sidney, L. Dickinson.
Sxlverdale, Robt. Law.
Skeena, R. Cunningham.
Sluggett, John Sluggett.
Soda Creek, Robt. McLeese.
Somenas, Mary J. Kier.
Sooke, John Muir.
South Vancouver, Wm. Danels.
Spallamacheen, Geo. J. Wallace.
Spences Bridge, John Murray.
Squamish, Wm. Mashiter.
Steveston, W. H. Steves.
St. Elmo, N. Yerex.
St. Eugene Mission, Nicholas Coccola.
Sumas, D. McGillivray.
Surrey Centre, John Churchland.
Tappen Siding, W. T. Smith.
Terra Nora, Jas. Mellis.
Trail Creek, E. S. Topping.
Turgoose, Fredk. Turgoose.
Union, J. L. Roe.
Upper Sumas, Wm. Fadden.
Vancouver, Jonathan Miller.
Van Winkle, La ira M. Dodd.
Vernon, Robt. McDougall.
Victoria, Noah Shakespeare.'
Victoria West, Alex. Watson, Jr.
Webster's Corners, J. M. Webster.
Wellington, Theo. Bryant.
Westham Island, T. S. Adsett.
Westholme, Ed. Barkley.
White Valley, A. M. Seed.
Whonnock, G. A. Smith.
Windermere, Jas. Stoddart.
Yale, D. J. Creighton.
Young, Henry Young. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
31
JPOSTAIi    fciCIDE.
List of Principal Articles
transmitted by Mail,
with Bates of Postage.
Canada
Rates.
Bank Pass Books
Bank and Broker's Quotations 	
Blank Forms
Books	
Book or Newspaper MSS
by type-writer
Botanical & Entomological Specimens	
Bulbs	
Cards (Xmas & Visiting
Circulars (printed)	
Circulars by cyclostyle
or multiplying process
City Letters   (drop)	
Commercial Papers
Customs Manifests.
Cuttings	
Deeds	
Drawings	
Drop Letters	
Engravings	
Examination   Papers
(School and College)
Exhibition entry Tickets
Eyeglasses	
Fatty Substances...
Graff	
Handbills 	
Insurance Policies.
6c.
1
1
i
LegalPapers  ]
Letters	
Letters, Registered, 5 cts
in addition to postage
Liquids	
Lithographs	
Maps (with or without
mountings)	
Manuscript (of Books or
Newspapers & Music
Merchandise (open to inspection).... 	
Microscopic Slides	
Militia and Municipal
Returns   	
Music	
Music Instruction o. k.
Newspapers (transient)
Oils	
Parcels.
Pamphlets	
Patterns   - - -	
Pass-Books	
Periodicals	
Photographs	
Policies of Lisurance...
Post Cards	
Post Cards in bulk	
Prices Current (printed)
Printed Forms (stationery	
Roots	
Samples	
Seeds	
Stationery	
Voters' Lists, printed or
written	
Rates
to
United
States
Rates
to all
other
Countries.
oz.
4,
2
2
4
2
4
2
4
2
1
4
1
2
2
2
2
I
1
4
4
2
4
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
1
1 each
1      2
1      4
4
4
4
4
2
2
H   oz.*
lc.   2
I      2
1       2
1      2
$f   oz."
lc.   2
P. Post
do
1      2
1      2
1      2
1 P. Post
2 12
2    1      2
2
4
4
4
2
1
1
1
2
2
2 *
1
2
2
2
4
1
none
sealed
allowed
2
2
2*1
P. Post
do
do
1      2
2
1      2 *
5     %
P. Post
1      2
P. Post
1 2
1 2
1       2
rts. v'ry
do
4
2
2
1 each
2
2
1
2
1
2t
1
2
2
2f
2 *
2
2
2 *
2 each
1      2
1      2
1      2
P. Post
1      2 *
P. Post
1      2
Postal <iiiide—Continued.
5e is required,
2c is required,
*  A minimum prepayment of
covering rate of 10 ozs.
t  A minimum  prepayment of
covering rate of 4 ozs.
§  Except for British Bechuanaland, Orange Free
State, and other more remote places^ in the
interior of Africa, the rate for which is lOcts.
per % oz.
t  See rate for merchandise to U. S. when open
to inspection.
Newspapers and Periodicals.—Transient
Newspapers for any place in Canada or United
States, 1 cent per 4 oz; but a papt r not more than
1 oz. will go for Y<iO. Local newspapers and
periodicals not weighing more than 1 oz., for
delivery in the city %c each.
Books, etc. . and Miscellaneous Matter.—The
postage on Books, Pamphlets, Circulars (wholly
in print), occasional publications, etc., addressed
to Canada is lc per 4 oz.; to the United States.
Newfoundland, Great Britain, and all European
countries, lc per 2 ozs. The postage on Printer's
Proof sheets, Maps, Pr'nts, Drawings, Engravings. Lithographs, Photographs, Sheet Music,
(whether printed or written, including music
books, whether stitched or bound), etc. addressed to Canada, the United States, Newfoundland. Great Britain or any European country is
lc per 2 oz. No package must exceed 2 feet in
length by 1 foot in width or depth. The limit
of weight for Canada and United States is 5 B>s
for other postal union countries 4 Sbs.
Seeds, Cuttings, Bulbs, Roots and Scions or
Grafts can only be sent to the United States as
5th class matter; when posted for delivery in
Canada, the postage is 1 .ent per 4 oz., and the
limit of postage 5lbs.
Commercial Papers and Legal Documents
may be sent to Great Britain, Newfoundland,
United States, and all Foreign countries, except
Orange Free State. British Bechuanaland, and
other more remote places in the interior of Africa
served by the way of Cape Colony or Natal, at 5
cents for the first 10 ounces and 1 cent for every
additional 2 oz. These papers when posted for
delivery in Canada, must be prepaid at Letter or
Parcel Post rates—but Deeds and Insurance
Policies may be sent if prepaid 1 cent per 2 oz.
Patterns and Samples.—Bona fide Patterns
aud Samples of Merchandise, not exceeding 24
ounces in weight, may be sent to any place in
Canada, at 1 cent per 4 oz. Must be put up so as
to admit of inspection. Goods sent in execution
of an order, however small the quantity may be
or articles sent by one private individual to another, not being actually Trade Patterns or
Samples, are notadmissable. The limit of weight
to United Kingdom is 13 oz.; dimensions, 12 in.
m length, 8 in. in width and 4 in. in depth; postage, 2c for the first 4 oz. and lc for every additional 2 oz.
The limit of weight to all countries in Europe
Newfoundland and United States is 8 oz.; dimensions, 8 in. in length, 4 in. in width, and 2 in
in depth; postage, 2 cents for the first 4 oz. and 1
cent for every additional 2 oz.
Fourth Class Matter—Closed Parcels.—
Parcels for Canada must be prepaid 6 cents for 4
oz., and must not exceed 5 lbs. in weight, nor 2
feet in length, by one foot in width or depth;
No correspondence must be enclosed.
Fifth Class Matter.—Comprises such articles of general merchandise as are not entitled to
any lower rate of postage. Postage, 1 cent per
ounce or fraction of an ounce. Limit of weight
5 Its.; of size, 2 feet in length, by one foot in
™- 32
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
li '   !
I
width or depth. Matter claimed to be 5th ClaBS
must be open to inspection and there must be no
correspondence enclosed.
Parcel Post with the Uuited Kingdom Japan
Newfoundland Barbadoes and certain other countries.—Closed parcels may be sent to places in
Newfoundland, Jamaica, the United Kingdom.
Japan, Barbadoes and all other countries and
colonies with which tne United Kingdom maintains a Parcel Post. No correspondence must
be enclosed. A Customs declaration of the contents and value of each parcel must be filled up
at the Post Office, or one of the branches by the
sender.
Parcels for Newfoundland must be prepaid 15
cents per lb. or fraction of a fi>. and must not exceed 7 K>s. in weight, nor 2 feet in length by 1 ft.
in width or depth.
Parcels for Jamaica and Barbadoes must be
prepaid 20c. per B> or fractiou of a B>., and must
not exceed 7 lbs in weight nor 2 feet in length by
1 foot in width or depth
Parcels for Japan must be prepaid 25c. per lb.
or fractton of a lb. and must not exceed 5 lbs.
in weight, nor 2 ft. in length by 1 ft in width or
depth.
Insufficiently prepaid letters posted in or addressed to Canada are charged with double the
amount of postage due thereon.
When posted wholly unpaid, they will be sent
to the Dead Letter Office.
Insufficiently prepaid letters to and from the
United States are charged with the deficient
postage on delivery. Letters for the United
States must be prepaid at least one full rate, 3c.
Wholly unpaid letters for or from the United
Kingdom or other countries are charged double
postage on delivery, and insufficiently prepaid
letters double the deficiency.
Letters addressed to mere initials, to ficticious
names, will not be delivered unless a street address, the number of a box or some other definite
direction is added.
Letters bearing mutilated stamps or stamps so
soiled tind defaced as to make it impossible for
the sorting clerks to decide whether they have
been used before or not will be sent to the Dead
Letter Office.
Postal Cards.—-Nothing whatever may be attached to a postal card, nor may it be cut or altered in any way. A previously used post card,
bearing a one cent stamp will not be accepted as
a post card.
Useful Hints about Mailing Letters.
Register all valueable letters, and use, except
on those for hot countries, sealing wax for letters
containing money.
Transmit money by money orders.
Mane complaints and enquiries in writing.
Preserve and requestjcorrespondents to'preserve
envelopes of mis-sent or delayed letters.
Bend to Postmaster envelopes of letters about
which you seek information or make complaint.
Business men should be careful to authorize
but a limited number of persons to receive their
letters and only those in whom they have full
confidence.
Report promptly to the Postmaster or at the
Enquiry Office undelivered letters or other mail
matter.
Letters and papers should be addressed to the
street and number at which they are to be delivered.
Notice of change or residence should be promptly given to the Postmaster in writing, and renewed at the end of three months or it will then
apse.
In addressing letters, add the name of the county in which the Postoffiee addressed is situated
if to a city, add street and number.
Letters to the United States should be addressed to the State as well as the Postoffiee'
A letter addressed to a particular street will be
taken out by the letter carrier and not delivered
at the wicket unless returned by the letter carrier
A letter or packet once posted becomes the
proper.y of the persen to whom it is addressed,
and must be forwarded to its destination. On
no application, however urgent, can it be delivered bock to the sender.
Telegraph Offices in B. C. and
Rates.
Between offices in the same section, 25c and
2c from offices in section 9 to those in section
10, and vice versa, 40c and 3c.
Sec.   Office.
10   Agassiz   Sec. 10   Ashcroft.
..   Alberni, by mail Nanaimo.   9 Albert Canyon
..    Alder Grove, by mail New Westminster
Barkerville, 76 5 Day, 50 3 Night, more than
sec. l.<)
9   Beavermouth.    Bear Creek.
Bridge Creek, 25 2 Day, '2.6 1 Night, more than
• sec. 10.
10   Chemainus.   Sec. 10. Brownville.
Cashe Creek, by mail Ashcroft
Cedar, by mail Nanaimo
Chilcoten, by mail Soda Creek
Clover Valley, by mail New Westminster
Coutlees, by mail Spence's Bridge
Cowichau, by mail Koks
Cranbrook, by mail Golden
Chilliwack
Clanwilliam
Clinton, 25 2 Day, 25 1 Night, more  than section 10.
Cobble Hill
..   Departure Bay, 10 0 Nanaimo
..    Dog Creek, by mail Clinton
9   Donald
9 >Ducks
10   Duncans
..   East Wellington, by mail Nanaimo
..    Elgin, by mail New Westminster
9   Enderby.
..   Esquimalt, 25 0  special delivery, or by mail
Victoria.
9   Field
..    Fort Simpson, by mail Nanaimo
..    Gabriola Island, by mail Valdes
9   Glacier Hotel
9   Golden City
/..    Granite Creek, by mail Spence's E ridge
9   Griflin Lake
..    Grohman, by mail Golden
10   HUmmond
•.   Harrison Hot Springs, 10 0 Agassiz
9   Hector
10   Hope Station
..    Hot Springs Mining Camp, by mail Revelstoke
9   Hie cille-waet
9   Kamloops
10   Keefers
..   Keremeos, by mail Sicamous
10    Koksilah
..    Kootenay. bv mail Golden
..   Ladner's Landing, 25 2 New Westminster
..    Lac La Hache, by mail Bridge Creek
.   Langley
..   Langley Prairie, by mail New Westminster
..    Lillooet, by mail Clinton
..   Lower Nicola, by mai Spence's Bridge
10 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
3a
c. c. Mckenzie,
Land  Agent,
Conveyancer and Accountant.
Office :—Front Street, Nanaimo.
Town Lots and Farms for Sale.   Money
to Loan on Mortgage at Low Rates.
AGENT FOE  THE
City of London Fire Insurance Co.
CITY MARKET
HEMANS & WAMSLEY,
Wholesale & Retail Butchers !
Beef, Veal, Mutton, Pork & Sausages.
Commercial Street,
Te&on^f- ., §\      Nanaimo.
CHAS. R. HARDY & Co.,
REAL   ESTATE
—AND—
Financial Brokers
Notaries Public, Conveyancers,
Nanaimo,      -        -        -.     B. C.
P. O. Box 380. Telephone 7-6
CHAS. DEMPSTER & CO.,
Land, Insurance and Financial Agents,
Auctioneers and Valuers,
also
General Commission Merchants.
Commercial Street,       NANAIMO, B. 0.
THE   NANAIMO  PHARMACY,.
W. E. McCartney, Manager.
A full line of Drugs, Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Perfumery and Toilet Articles.
Prescriptions  Made   Up.
P.O.Box 325.
P.O.Box  90.
Telephone 21.
Telephone 20.
organ &O
The Leading Merchant Tailors.
New Fall Goods, Latest Novelties in Suitings, Coatings, Pantings and
Overcoatings,
Commercial St. Nanaimo, B. C.
FOE THE   FINEST
BOOTS AKD SHOES H TOWN
 GO TO	
Whitifield's,
Victoria Crescent, Nanaimo, B.C..
Nanaimo Fishing Co
Commercial Street Bridge, Nanaimo.
FRESH GOODS ARRIVING DAILY.
P. O. Box 327.
Marcus WolfeSffSSJ*,?^
Life, 42 Commercial Street, Nanaimo, B.C.
Agent for—The Great West Liie Assurance Co.
Scottish, Union & tsational Eire Insurance Co.
Hartford Fire Insurance Co. [of Edinburg,Scot.
London Guarantee and Accident Co.
Commercial and all kinds of risks taken at current rates. Money to Loan on approved security. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
10
10
9
10
9
10
'9
9
9
io
'9
9
io
10
0
0
9
10
10
io
Lulu Island, by mail New Westminster
Lytton
Maple Bay, by mail Koksilah
Matsqui.   (P O Riverside
Metchosin, by mail Victoria
Mission
Moodyville. 25 2 Vancouver
Mount Lehman, by mail .New Westminster
Nanaimo
Nelson Mining Camp, by mail Bevelstoke
New Westminster I'M)
Nicola Lake, by m&il Spence's Bridge
North Arm, by mail New Westminster
North Bend
North Saanish, by mail Victoria
Okanagan
Okanagan Mission, by mail Sicamous
150-Mile House, by mail Bridge Creek
Osoyoos, by mail Sicamous
Palliser
Pavilion, by mail Clinton
Plumpers Pass, by mail New Westminister or
Victoria.
Port Moody
Port Hanev. by mail Hammond
Princeton, by mail Sicamous
ljuamichan, by mail Duncan's
Quesnelle.  50 3  Day, 3C 2  Night, more than
seciion 10.
Quilchena, by mail, Sicamous
Bevelstoke
Biverside   (See Matsqui)
Kock Creek, by mail Sicamous
Borer's Pass
Boss Peak
Salmon Atui
Salt Spring Island, by mail Victoria
Savonas
Sea Island, by mail New Westminster
Shuswap
Sicamous
Skeena, by mail Nanaimo
Soda Creek, 50 3 Day, 30 2 Night, more than
section 10.
Somenos, l y mail Duncan's
Sooke by mail Victoria
SpaHumchene, by mail Sicamous
Spence's Bridge
Sproat's Landiugi by mail Bevelstoke
Stanley tariff same as and check Barkerville
Sumas, by mail ChiUiwack
Surrey Centre, by mail New Westminster
Toad Mountain Mining Camp, by mail Bev
elstoke
Trail Creek Camp, by mail ReVelstoke
Twin Butte
Upper Sumas, by mail Chilliwack
Vaides .
Vancouver (M)
Vernon
. Victoria (M)
Wellington
Westminster Junction
Yale
Note—M Money transfer offices.
RATES FROM VICTORIA TO POINTS  OUT
SIDE   THE PROVINCE.
Manitoba $1 M) and
Ontaria and Quebec  1 00  "
Nova Scotia and .New Brunswick  I 00  "
Washington  0 75  •
Oregon  0 75  "   1
Californ-a  0 75  "
BATES VIA MACKAY-BENNETT CABLE.
B. C. to  Great B'tn,  France and
Q-erany 10 37 per word
Australia (via Eastern)   1 53 to 2 68 " "
(viaNorthern) ... 3 27 to 3 hi " "
Austria  46" "
Belgium  42" '
Denmark  47' '•
Gibraltar  55 "
Holland  44" "
India (via t astern)  1 35  ' "
Italy.."  44" "
Japan (Hakodadi, Higogo,  Nagasaki, Osaka,) Tokio  (Yeddo)   and
(Yokohama) via Northern  2 33 '• " '
Java (via Eastern)  1 84 •' "
Norway  47" "
Portugal  61" "
Russia in Europe  55" "
Spain (via Eartern)  52" •'
Sweden  51" "
Turkey in Europe (via France)  49 " "
Turkey in Europe (via Eastern)  55" "
DIFFERENCE   IN   TIME
Between the Principal Cities of the World and
Victoria..
H. M. Slower
Amsterdam ,    8 19 "
Athens ".'    9 35 "
Auckland  19 37 "
Berlin    8 63 "
Berne     8 29 "
Bremen     8 35 "
Brussels     8 17 "
Bombay  12 51 "
Christiania     8 43 "
Constantinople     9 56 "
Copenhagen    h 50 "
Oalcntta  13 54 "
Cairo  10 05 "
Chicago    2 00 "
Hamburg    8 39 "
Hongkong  15 37 "
Honolula    2 31 Faster.
Lisbon    7 24 Slower
London    8 00 "
Madrid     7 46 "
Moscow  10 30 "
Munchen     S 48 |
Montreal      3 00
Melbourne  17 40 ''
New York    3 00 "
New Orleans    2 00 "
Paris  8 09 "
Panama     2 38 "
Home     8 50 "
Rio de Janeiro    5 08 "
St. Petersburg  10 01 "
Stockholm    9 12 |
Stuttgart    8 37 "
Shanghai  16 06 "
Singapore  14 56 |
San Francisco 	
Sidney   18 04 "
Toronto     3 (JO '
Vienna    9 05 |
Winnipeg    2 00 |
Yokohama  17 19 "
TELEGRAPH OFFICES.
Victoria.—Canadian Pacific--William Christie,
Agent.
Vancouneb.—C. P. R.—F. W. Dewling, Agent.
New  Westminster.—C P. R.---H. A. Wilson,
Agent.
Nanaimo.—C. P. R.--J. A. Callaghan, Agent. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
MESSENGER SERVICE.
Victoeia—B. 0. District Telegraph and
Delivery Co.. Five Sisters Block, Fort
street, Fred White, Manager.
Vancouver—Vancouver District, Telegraph and Delivery Go. (L'td.), 305 Abbott street,
EXPRESS   OFFICES.
VICTORIA.
Dominion Express—Agent, F. Oliver,
Office, 383^ Yates street. Office hours,
9 a.m. to 6 p.m.   Closes 6 p.m.  Arrives
7 p.m.
North Pacific Express—Office, corner
Government street and Treunce avenue.
Agent, E. E. Blackwood.   Office hours,
8 a.m. to 6 p.m.   Closes 4 p.m. Arrives
4:30 p.m.
WeltjS Fargo Express—Corner Government st. and Trounce ave. Office
hours, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agent, F. H.
Worlock.
VANCOUVER.
Dominion Express Co.—C.P.B. Station.
Great Northern—Corner Carrol and
Hastings street.
NEW WESTMINSTER.
Dominion Express Co.—J. B. Johnson,
Agent.
Great Northern Express Co.—Wright
Bros., Agents.
nanaimo.
Dominion Express Co.—Wm. Dennison,
Agent, Commercial street.
British Columbia Express—Ashcroft,
B. C. Headquarters.
TELEPHONE   SERVICE.
Victoria—Victoria & Esquimalt Telephone Co. (L'td.), E. Crow Baker, Sec,
Office over Bank of B. C.
Vancouver—New Westminster &" Bnr-
rard Inlet Telephone Co. (L'td.), H. W.
Kent, Manager. Office, Le Fevre
Block, Hastings street.
New Westminster—New Westminster
& Burrard Inlet Telephone Co. (L'td.),
G. C. Hodge, Manager. Office 707
Columbia street.
Nanaimo—Nanaimo Telephone Co., G.
E. T. Pittendrigh, Manager.
Steveston—New   Westminster
rard Inlet Telephone Co., J.
long, Local Manager.     Office,
avenue.
& Bur-
C. For-
Second
Health and. Pleasure Resorts.
B a n f f—On the C.P.R. main line. Celebrated
for its hot springs, Splendid mountain scenery and superior hotel accommodation. A
favorite stopping place for tourists on their
way to the Pacific coast.
Burrard Inlet.—This resort near Vancouver is popular in winter and summer, owing to its superior hotel accomodation and
attractions for visitors.
Duncan's—Is recommended by the leading
medical faculty in Victoria as a fine health
resort, and during the summer many families
from Victoria reside here.
Groldstrea m—A pleasant pleasure resort with
good hunting and fishing, and a comfortable
hotel.
Harrison Hot Springs—About five miles
from Agassiz station with regular stage meeting each train. These springs are celebrated
for their curative powers, especially for rheumatism, sciatica, etc. There is an ezcellant
hotel (The St. Alice), good boating and fishing on the lake. Splendid scenery and hunting This resort is becoming more popular
each season.
Hop e—A most desirable spot for all wishing to
spend a quiet and restful holiday, or those
fond of hunting.
Oak B a y--On the outskirts of Victoria, is a
most charming spot, where a splendid hotel
will be, ©pened this summer. Ii is a lovply
spot where tourists and others may visit with
much pleasure to themselves.
Pilot Bay—This whole district with its pure
air and water, lying some 2000 feet above sea
level, is most healthful and invigorating.
No more striking or enjoyable trips can be
taken through the whole length of this section of country.
Shawnigan Lak e—On the e. &. n. k. r. '
A delightful spot for camping, fishing and
hunting, with excellent hotel accommodation
and pleasure boats on the lake.
Westham Island —There is good accommodation at the beach—a pleasant place to visit
in the summer.
There are many reports for the sportsman as
may be seen by referring to " Hunting" and
"Lake and River Fishing." Other_ healthtand
pleasure resorts will be added from time to time. 36
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
i
HUNTING.
Where and When to Find  Game in
British Columbia.
EXTBACTS ebom game protection act 1892.
NONE of the following animals or birds shall
be hunted, trapped, taken, killed, shot at. wounded or injured, at all or at any time, viz.: —Cow
wapiti (commonly known as elk), cow moose,
English blackbird, chaffinch, hen pheasant, linnet, skylark, thrush, robin, Virginia quail and
partridge, or any bird known here by any of these
names, except as regards robin, as is provided
below.
No person shall in any one year kill more than
two bull wapiti or elk, and two bull moose.
No person shall at any time buy or sell, or offer
or expose for sale, any pheasant or doe of any
age, or any deer under the age of twelve months.
CLOSE SEASON FOB CEBTAIN ANIMALS.
Caribou, deer, wapiti (commonly known as
oik), moose, hare, mountain goat, mountain
sheep, or reindeer, from the first day of January
to the fourteenth day of September, inclusive:
Grouse, meadow lark, partridge, prairie fowl,
quail, or any bird known in this Province by any
of these names, from the first day of February to
the first day of September, inclusive; provided
that the birds known in this Province as "robins"
may be destroyed in an orchard or garden at any
time between the first day of June and the first
day of September:
Cock pheasants, from the first day of February
to the thirtieth day of September, inclusive; wild
duck of all kinds, from the first day of March to
the ihirty-first day of August, inclusive.
None of these animals or birds shall be hunted,
taken, killed, or shot at during ANY NIGHT
throughout the year.
No person shall buy or sell, or have in his or
her possession, any of the said animals or birds,
or any part or portion of such animals or birds,
during the period in which they are so protected:
Provided, always, that if lawfully killed and obtained they may be exposed for sale for three
days, and no longer, immediately after the commencement of such periods of protection; but
in all cases the proof of the time of killing or
•taking shall be upon the party in possession.
It shall not be lawful at any time of the year to
shoot at any gull in the Victoria Harbor, Esquimalt Harbor, New Westminster Harbor, Nanaimo Harbor, or Vancouver Harbor, or in any
arm, lagoon, fiord, river or creek extending from
or flowing into either of the said harbors, or within half a mile of any wharf.
It shall be unlawful to kill deer at any time for
their hides alone, in any portion of this Province.
Nothing in this Act shall be construed into presenting any resident farmer from killing at any
time Deer that he finds depasturing within his
cultivated fields.
On the Mainland it shall be unlawful for any
person to shoot, trap, capture, or by any means
destroy. Cock Pheasants or Quail.
It shall be lawful for any constable or peace
officer to search any person in any highway,
street, or public place whom he shall suspect of
having in his possession any animals, birds, eggs
or fishes unlawfully obtained, and also to stop
and search any cart or other conveyance in or
upon which he shall suspect that any such animals, birds, eggs, or fishes are being carried by
any such person, and to search the premises of
any person engaged in selling, buying, or trading,,
or any steamer, sailing vessel, or boat, or any
hotel or restaurant, and should such constable or
peace officer discover any such animals, birds,
eggs, or fishes as aforesaid, he shall thereupon
take possession of the same, and otherwise proceed as authorized by law.
Any person found committing any offence under
this Act may be apprehended without a warrant
by any constable or peace officer, and be forthwith taken before a Justice of the Peace, to be
dealt with according to law.
Any person giving information leading to the
conviction of any person under this Act; shall be
entitled to receive one-half of any pecuniary penalty inflicted under this Act.
Game Found in British Columbia.
LARGE GAME.
Deer
Mountain Goat
Mountain Sheep
Cariboo
Bear
Land Otter
Porcupine
Wolves
Panthers
Elk
Mink
Coon
Wild Cats
Cougar
Beaver
Moose
Martin
Where to Find Game.
In the neighborhood of the following places :
Agassi z—Deer,    grouse,    duck,    snipe,  etc.
Guides can be procured here.
Ainsworth—Deer,  mountain goat, cariboo,
bear and small gams.
SMALL GAME.
Grouse
Duck of all kinds
Snipe
Prairie Chicken
Geese_
Partridge
Rabbits
Swan
Hare
Pheasant
Pigeons
Quail
Crane
A s h c r o f t—Deer, grouse, prairie chicken, etc.
Alkali   Lak e—Grouse, ducks and other small
game but very few deer.
A 1 b e r n i—Deer, elk.
Alert   B a y—Beaver, land otter and deer generally abundant.
B e a v e r—Ducks, geese, partridge, etc.
Big    Bar    Cree k—Numbers   of   mountain
sheep, deer, rabbits, wild geese, ducks, etc.
Burrard   Inle t—Bear, deer, ducks, grouse,
geese, etc.
B a 1 f o u r—Cariboo, mountain goat, black bear,
ducks, geese, swan, etc.
Blue   Spring s—Deer, hare, bear, porcupine,
wolves, mountain goat, grouse in abundance.
Beaver     Poin t—Deer,    grouse,    pheasant,
ducks, geese, etc.
Beaver   Cree k—Deer  p'entif ul, bear, panthers, wolves and elk.
Ohem ainu s—Deer plentiful, grouse, etc.
C 1 a y g a d t—Deer, ducks, geese, mink, coon, etc.
Chilliwhac h—Deer,   bear,    snipe,    ducks,
grouse, etc.
C o u 11 e e—Deer aburdant, grouse, prairie chick. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
J!
KgJ.-rfM£KS»rei.-tWgJl^gft.,t:nJltinMttgi-jjc-^ ncmrcjgwr-ntT.ip.'-.TOynm pjw i-. nr^t. #s-r%
rm-.rvr.Tr7-;j ,■..>■.. ■vur^u^&f.wrewj
u vj.yj. Land and Investment Agency, Ld.
(SUCCESSORS  TO  ALLSOP  & MASON.)
Paid up Capital, $250,000. Reserve, $80,000.
In view of the low rate of interest ffiven by the Dominion Sav-
ings Bank Department, and the restrictions imposed as to the
amount to be deposited, this Company is now prepared to receive
money on deposit, m large or small amounts, at interest at the rate
of 5 PER CENT PER ANNUM, and on favorable terms as to
notice, etc.
rm
THE LEADING
urniture Manufacturers !
AND DEALERS IN
CARPETS,. LINOLEUMS,	
 CROCKERY. &. GLASSWARE,
.. ..AND.GENERAL HO USE. FURNISHINGS	
Bar   JPisztruLiress  &>
66-68 GOVERNMENT STREET,
VICTORIA, B. C. 38
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
en, bine grouse, duck and geese. Parties or»
eanize and start from here for sheep and goat
hunting.
Clover Valle y—Bear, deer, grouse, rabbits, etc.
Cloverdal e—Grouse, ducks, pigeons, bear,
deer, etc.
C1 i n t o n—Black bear, mountain sheep, deer,
blue grouse, prairie chicken, geese, ducks,
rabbits, etc.
(Jobble Hil 1—Deer, bear, panthers, grouse
etc.
C e d a r—Deer, bear, panther, grouse, etc.
C 1 a y t o n—Bear, deer, wild cats, coons, grouse,
ducks, etc.
Duncan's Statio n—Deer and grouse
abundant.
Dog Cree k—Ducks, prairie chicken, grouse,
rabbits, deer, bear, etc.
Duck & Pringl e—:Deer, prairie chicken,
grouse, duck, etc.
E 1 g i n—Bear and deer plentiful, wild cats and
cougar frequently. Beaver, mink, ducks, exceedingly plentiful. A favorite duck shooing place.
Empire Valle y—Deer, mountain goat, bear,
grouse, ducks, prairie chicken, etc.
East Sook e—Deer, grouse, pheasants, quail,
ducks and geese.
French Cree k—Deer, elk bear, geese, duck,
grouse, snipe, widgeon, teal, etc.
Fort Steel e—Bear, cariboo, dee'*, mountain
goat and sheep, etc.
Fairmount Spring s—Deer, bear, mountain goat and sheep, etc.
Fort Simpso n—Bear, mountain goat and
deer very plentiful, ducks, geese, etc.
Goldstrea ax— Bear, deer, grouee, pheasants,
quail, etc.
Grande Prairi e—Deer, bear, prairie chicken, grouse and rabbits, but not numerous.
G o 1 d e n—Bear, mountain goat and sheep, cariboo, grouse, ducks geese, etc.
G e n o a—Grouse, pheasants, ducks, deer, etc.
Galen a—Bear, deer, mountain goat and sheep.
Hornby   Islan d—Deer and blue grouse.
H a t z e c—Bear, deer, coon, wild cat, panther
grouse and duck, abundant.
Howe   Soun d—Bear, deer, grouse, etc.
Huntingdo n—Good duck shooting.
Hop e—Headquarters for the f anion's Smilkaman
& Asholia hunting grounds. Bear, deer, big
horn mountain goats, etc.
H e a 1—Deer and all kinds of birds of B. C.
Illicellewae t—Cariboo, bear, mountain
gcat.
Kettle River—Cariboo, deer, sheep, bear,
grouse and prairie chicken.
Eamloop s—Deer, bear and birds generally.
Keitley Creek—Det-r, cariboo, ducks and
gees9.
Kuper Islan d—Grouse, partridge, and a
few deer.
Ladner's Landin g—Deer, bear, grouse,
ducks, geese and snipe.
Lower Nicol a—Prairie chicken, willow
grouse, deer, etc.
partric
je,   bear,
and
Loch     Erroc h—Grouse,
deer.
L i 11 o o e t—Deer,   bear,   mouuiain   goat
sheep, grouse and ducks in the fall.
Lulu   Islan d—Ducks, geese, snipe, grouse,
etc.
Lac   La   Hach e—Deer, bear,  geese,   ducks,
grouse and prahie chicken.
L u n d—Deer, bear, grouse, ducks and geese.
Mission Cit y—Good duck, grouse and deer
hunting in autumn and winter.
Millslica m—Deer, bear, panther and pheasants and sometimes bear.
Mount   Pleasan t—Ducks and geese.
North Ben d—Deer, bear, moun'ain goat and
sheep.
Nicola Lak e—Deer, bear, grouse and prairie chicken p'entiful.
McPherson's Statio n—Panther, deer,
bear, willow and blue grouse.
NakiiB p—Silver tips, bear, cariboo, deer, beaver, martin, mink, otter, duck, geese, grouse,
etc.
Northfiel d—Deer, bear, partridge, grouse,
etc.
New Denve r—Deer, cariboo, mountain goat
and sheep, bear, geese, duck, swan, grouse, etc.
O ' K a n a g a n—Deer, bear, mountain goat and
sheep, geese, ducks, gronse and partridge.
Penticto n—Dee-, mountain goat and sheep.
Plumpers   Fas s—Deer and grouse.
Port   Hammon d—Deer, bear, grouse, duck.'
Pilot   B a y—Cariboo, bear. deer.
Pender Islan d—Deer, grouse, quail, duck,
etc.
Port Hane y—Deer, bear, mountain goat and
sheep, geese, <~'uck. grouse.
Parksvill e—Elk, deer, bear, panther, beaver,
grouse, partridge.
Port Kell s—Grcise, deer, bear, duck, beaver,
etc.
Riversid e—Grouse, duck, geese. Large game,
deer, bear, etc., in abundance.
R o b s o n—Deer, bear, car boo, partridge, duck,
grouse, geese.
Revelstok e—Cariboo, black, brown and cin-
amon bears, mountain goat.
Rivers   Inle t—Mountain goat and bear.
Roger's   Pas s—Mountain goat, bear, etc.
R o c k f o r d—Deer, grouse, prairie chicken, partridge, a few bears and wolves.
Silverdal e—Deer, black bear, grouse.
S i d n e y—Pheasant, grouse, duck, geese and
deer.
St.   Eugene
beaver.
Missio n—  eer,   bear   and
F e r r y—Deer,   prairie  chicken,
S a v a n a ' s
d' ck, etc
Stevesto n—Ducks and geese.
S q u a m i s h—Duck,    grouse,  bear,   deer   and
mountain goat, wolves and panthers.
S a n d w i c k—Grouse,  duck,  geese,   deer, elk,
panther, bear and wolves
Salmon   Ar m—Deer,    bear,    grouse,    duck,
geese, prairie chicken, swan, snipe, rabbits.
S u m a s—Geese, ducks,  swaD,   crane.   The two
former being very plentiful. SPENCER & PERKINS,
'M
•CASH ONLY
ZOXIO-ZHSOT*   IMPORT
o:f*
lily
On
Bry
§•©©;
lllillm©:
UNION STEAMSHIP CO.,
■ »
HEAD OFFICE AND WHARF, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Vancouver and Nanaimo—SS. Cutch. leaves C. P. R. wharf
daily at 1 p.m., returning from Nanaimo at 7 a.m. Cargo at Company's wharf until noon.
Vancouver and Comox—SS. Comox leaves Company's wharf
every Monday at 8 a.m. for Comox direct, returning on Tuesday.
Vancouver and Northern Logging Camps and Settlements—
SS. Comox leaves Company's whari every Wednesday at 11 a.m.
for Gibson's Landing, Sechelt, Welcome Pass, Lund, Cortez and
Read Island, returning the same route; and to Port Neville and
way ports every alternate week.
JUgf Steamers and Scows always available lor Excursion, Towing and Freighting Business. Ample storing accommodation on
Company's wharf.    Particulars on application to office.
WM. WEBSTER, Manager.
Telephone 94. P. 0. Box 21T. 40
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
goo ke—Grouse, quail, blue grouse, duck, goese,
wolves, bear, panther, coon.
S i c a m o u s—Deer, bear, cariboo, grouse, duck,
geese, swan.
St.   Elm o—reer, bear, mountain gnat, grouse,
ducks, etc.
Surrey   Centr e—Grouse, deer and bear.
Shortree d—Deer, duck, grouse, bear, wild
cats and panthers.
Salt Spring Islan d—Deer, grouse, quail,
pheasant, land otter, mink, coon.
Tanpen   Sidin g—Grouse  and deer plentiful.
Trial   Cree k—Grouse, pheasant and deer.
Terra Rosa—Ducks, geese and snipe. Mr.
Buxton and Lieut. Hewett of H. M. S. ^ ar-
spite, on 21st Oct., '92, shoi 104 snipe and a few
ducks at this place.
Turgoose—Pheasant, grouse, quail, pigeon,
geese, duck, deer, bear, panther, etc.
Vernon—Cariboo,* deer, mountain goat (big
horn), prairie chicken, grouse, duck, geese.
Van    Winkl e—Grouse, bear, deer, cariboo.
Wellingto n—Deer, bear, wolves, grouse.
Westham Islan d—All kinds of ducks,
mallards, pintails, wigeon, canvasbnck, teal,
and geese.   Deer and bear not plentiful.
Webster's   Corner s—Deer, bear.
Westholm e—A few, deer and grouse.
Y o u n g—Deer, grouse, quail and pheasant.
The above will give some idea of the kind of
game in British Columbia, and where it is to be
found. Other districts and further information
regarding hunting in the Province will be given
in subsequent issues of the Hand Book.—Ed.
LAKE      FISHING.
Alphabetical list of lakes in  British Columbia,
where good fishing can be enjoyed :
Anderson
Arrow
Big
Beaver
Beautiful
Boundary
Big Bar
Brown
Cariboo
Cushion
Central
Coquislam
Chemainus
Chilco
China
Christina
Cameron
Columbia
Copeland
Comox
Diver
Dick's
Elk
Fish
Fish Hook
Foords
Green
Glide
Harrison
Hemers
Horn
Hatzec
Jick of Clubs
Kootenay
Kelly's
Kennedy'
Kamloops
Little Shawne-
gan
Long
Lillooet
Mammet
Minnie
Michael's
Moser
McKenzie
Matheson
Nilson
Nikhomekl
Nicola
Nimkish
O'kanagan
Pitt
Prospect
Quesn lie
Robert
Starks
Sproat
Somenos
Summit
Sumas
Squakim   or
(Loch Erroch)
Seatcn
Salmon River L
Slocan
Stump
Stave
Shuswhap
Swan
Tatla
How to Reach tlie  Lakes.
A.lphabe'it al list of p'ajes nearest to them.
Agassi z—Harrison lake, good fishing.
Ainswort h—Kootenai lake, best of fishing.
A 1 b e r n i—Sproat lake, good fishing,
Alert   B a y—Nimkish lake, good fishing
B e a v e r—Fish lake, fine fishing
Big Bar Cree k—Big Bar lake, teeming with
trout as heavy as 1% pounds ,
Balfour—Kootenay lake, 70 miles long by 3
miles wide, west arm 20 milesjong by J6 wide,
good trout fishing and land-locked salmon up
to 18 pounds, fly and troll.
Beaver Poin t—Cushion, Brown and Roberts
lakes, best of fishing
Beaver Cree k—Central Jake, full of trout
and s tlmon in season
Browns vil i e—Pitt, Coquislam and Anderson lakes, abundance of fish
Chemainu s—Chemainus lake, fine fishing
Coutle e—Nicola, Mammet and Minnie lakes.
C 1 i n t o n—Kelly's lake, renowned for its trout
Chilco te n—Up the Chilcoten river is Chilco
or Tatla lake, where there is good fishing
Cobble Hil 1—Little Shawnigan lake, good
trout fishing
C e d a r—Mic ael's, Stark's, Fish Hook and He-
mer's lake, all have excellent trout. The last
two named are especially a'tractive to visitors.   Boats and good board obtainable
C 1 a y g a d t—Kennedy lake, great quantities of
salmon
Dog Cree k--Moser Lake, finest quality of
trout, large and plentiful.
Duncan's Statio n—Somenos lake, good
fishing
Duck & Pringl e—Summit lake, 3 miles
long, 1 mile wide, trout
E 1 g i n—Nichomekl lake, good fishing
Empire Valle y—China lake, very fine fishing
East Sook e—Dick's, McKenzie's and Mathe-
son's lakes, good fishing
French   Cree k-»-Cameron and Home lakes,
full of trout
Fort   Steel e—The Columbia lakes, good fish-
shing
G o 1 d e n—Lower and Upper Columbia lakes,
good trout fishing
G e n o a—Somenos lake, good fishing
H a t z e c—Hatzec and Sumas lakes, good salmon
and trout fish'ng
Huntingdon—Sumas and Boundary lakes,
full of fish
H e a 1—Prrspect and Blk lakes, good fishing
Kettle River- Christina lake, all kinds of
fish
K a m 1 o o p s—Kamloops lake, good fishing
Keithly   Cree k—Cariboo lake, good fishing
Lower Nicol a—Mammet lake, best of fishing
Loch Erroc h—Squakim lake (now Loch Erroch), good fishing
L i 11 o o e t—Seaton and Anderson lakes, good
fishing HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
41
o~THE-o
anor
H House,
C. EDWARDS, PROP.
!       Cor. Howe & Dunsmuir S ts.
VANCOUVEE,      -      B. 0.
TS  A MODEL HOTEL.
It is heated with hot air throughout, supplied with all modern conveniences.
The rooms are large and so arranged as to be used in suit or
singly.
Good Sample Rooms either in the
house or down town, will be furnished Commercial Travellers.
Best Conducted Hotel on the Pacific Coast. Polite Porters with
covered carriages and baggage wagons meet all trains and boats.
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HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mission   Cit y—Hatzec lake, good fishing
Moodyvill e—Lake beautiful, trout fishing
North   Ben d—Salmon River lakes, very large
trout
Nicola   Lak e—Nicola lake, good fishing
N a k u s p—Upper Arrow and Slocan, lakes, good
fi?hing
Northfiel d—Long lake, good fishing
New   Denver—Slocan  lake, 30  miles  long,
2Jg miles wide, good fishing
Otter   Poin t—Glide lake, trout fishing
O ' k a n a g a n—O'kanagan and Long lakes, good
fishing
Penticto n—O'kanagan lake, good trout fishing
Port    Hammond—Pitt   and Lilloot  lakes,
good fishing
Pilot B ay—Kootenay lake, 90 miles long, 3}g
miles wide. Fishing wit the noil yields admirable sport in the season, and the fly sometimes takes, i he numerous brooks in the
neighborhood are fall of small barred trout,
and heavy baskets can be made
Quesnell Fall s—Que3nell lake, 90 miles
long, good Ashing
Revelstok e—The Arrow lakes, 25 miles
south, only fair fishing
R o c k f o r d—Stump and Nicola lakes, good fishing in the latter
Silverdal e—Stave la>e, trout
Savona's   Ferr y—Kamloops lake, good fish-.
ing
S a n d w l c h—Comox lake, good fishing
Salmon   Ar m—Shuswap lake, good fishing
S u m a s—Shuswap lake, salmon and sturgeon
S i c a m o u s—Sumas and Mara lakes
Salt Spring Island—Cushion's,Brown's,
Robert's, Foord's. Nilson's and Copeland's
lakes, all good fishing
Tap pen Sidin g—Shuswap, only fairly good
fishing
V" e r n o n—O'kanagan, Long and Swan lakes,
good fishing
Van Winkl e—Jack of C nbs and Beaver Pass
lakes, gocd fishing in both
W e 1 1 i n g t o n—Diver, Long, Big and Green
lakes, very good fishing in last two named
Webster Corners—Lillooet la'te, excellent fishing
Westholm e—Chemainus lake, good fishing
Additional lakes and further information about
lake fishing in British Columbia will be given in
subsequent issues of the Hand Book.—Ed.
RIVE IE   FISHING.
Alphabetical 1
Columbia, wher
Anderson
Bonaparte
Bear
Columbia
O quitlam
Chemainus
Coldwater
Chilcoten
Cowichan
Coquahalla
Chase
Clearromisht
Coartenay
Englishman's
Elk
Eagle
Fraser
1st of river3 and creeks in British
e fishing may be obtained.
BIVEHS.
Goldstreatu O'kaaagan
Harrison i itt
Isolum Quesnelle
Jordan Swift
Kettle Squamish
Kicking Horse sta' e
Koksilah Slocan
Kootenay Swamp
Little Qualicum Salmon
Lillooet Skeena
Beaver
Bonsell
Bear
Coffee
Campbell
Chum
Oayuse
Capilano
Carpenter
Deer
Dog
Fish Trap
Lardo
Muir
Nimpkish
Nicomekl
Nicola
■Nanaimo
Naas
CHEEKS.
Freds
French
Georgetown
Ha'zic
Joh
Kanaka
Lake
Lightning
Morning Star
Milk
Miil^tream
St. Marys
Sqoke
Siima*
Serpentine
Stamps
Shuswap
Thompson
Willow
111 Mile
Peter
Pedder
Perry
Quartz
Ruby
Seymour
Sand Hill
Skuzzie
Woodbury
Wo.f
Nicomen Slough Wilson
How to Reach the Rivers..
Alphabetical list of places nearest the above
rive s and creeks:
Agassi z—Ruby creek, very fine trout
Ainsworth—Coffee and  Woodbury   creek,
finest trout fishing in Kootenay district
A1 b e rn i—The Sumas, good fishing j
A s h c r o f t—The Thompson river, very good
trout fishing with fly, the same in the Bonaparte.
Alert B a y—-Nimpkish river %Y% miles distant,
very good fishing
B e a v e r—Columbia river and Quartz creek,
very good fishing
Big   Bar   Cree k—The Fraser river salmon
• m season
B a 1 f our—Mountain streams with brook trout,
and the lower Kootenay river about 80 miles
distant with fine trout
Blue Springs—Shuswap river, plenty of
fish
Beaver Cree k—Stamps river, good salmon
and trout fishing, Beaver and Deer creeks
also afford good trout fishing
Brownsvill e—The Fraser, Coquitlam, Serpentine, Nicomekel and Pitt rivers, all contain abundance of fish
C 1 a y g a d t—Bear river 18 miles away, plenty
of salmon and trout
Chemainus—Chemainus river and Bonsell
creek, good fishing
C o u 11 e e—Nicola and Coldwater rivers meet
here, the latter of which affords good trout
fishing
■"v HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
43
THE LEADING GROCERS,
ERSKINE, WALL &,
[Ell5rI5rL5a5rI5rI5rI5rI5^E5H^^
FINEST ASSORTMENT OF
IFAIW3Y & STAPIA OMOCBMIKS9
UVines and. Liciuors.
58 GOVERNMENT STREET,
VICTORIA, B. C.
FACIF
□
.10
m
121 KEEFER STEET, VANCOUVER, B. C,
ZUE.A.Xa'TTX'.A.C TTJFL JES
Best- :-Soaps- :-in- :-British- :-Colu mbi a.
P. O. BOX 575.
TELEPHONE NO. 195.
Reid & Currie Ironworks Company, Ld.,
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
Brass and Iron Founders, Machinists, Engineers, Blacksmith, &c
Agents for the best makers of Marine, Stationary and Mill Machinery.   Importers
and Manufacturers of Machinery.
 IN STOCK:	
Carriages, Buggies, etc., by John Campbell, of LondoD. Wagons by Bain
Bros., Brantford. Imported Iron, Steel, Chain, Smithy Coal, Steel Shafting,
Marine Engines, Etc 44
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
-Nicomekl river, very good
Serpentine, ex-
Clover   Valley-
trout fishing
Cloverdal e—Nicomekl and
cellent boating and fishing
Chilcote n—The Chilcoten river is full of
trout during the fall of the year, and following it up 80 miles every tributary is full of
fish
.Cobble Hil 1—TheKoksilah about 8miles
distant, has good fishing
C 1 a y t o n—Serpentine river, good trout from
lto 4 pounds
C e d a r—Nanaimo river runs through district,
trout and salmon fishing
Duncan s—The Cowichan river, some of the
finest salmon and trout fishing in  British
Columbia
Dog   Cree k—The Fraser and Dog creek, the
fishing here is exceedingly good
Duck   &   Pr ingle—The  Thompson   river,
salmon and trout
E 1 g i n—The Kicomekl and Serpontine,finest of
trout fishing,  salmon, etc.   Campbell and
Johnson creeks also afford good fishing
Empire     Valley—The    Fraser,    salmon.
Chum creek also has good fishing
East Sook e—Sooke river, with plenty of
trout and salmon fishing
French Cree k—Englishman's river, Little
Qualicum, French creek, and Morning Star
creek, all afford good trout fishing
Fort Steel e—The Kootenay, St. Marys and
Elk rivers, all good fishing
Fairmont Spring s—Columbia river,
affords good trout and other fishing
Fort Simpso n—The Skeena and Naas
rivers, Georgetown and Milk streams, the
latter affording splendid trout fishing
Goldstream—The Goldstream, good trout
fishing
Grande   Prairi e—The Salmon river flows
through the prairie, but there is no fishing of
any note
Golde n—Kicking Horse, Columbia and Kootenay rivers, Wolf creek and several smaller
streams, all have good fishing
Geno a—Cowichan river, good fishing
Galen a—Columbia river, good fishing
Eatzi c—The Fraser, Sturgeon and Salmon
rivers. The Hatzic and other small streams
well stocked with trout, chub and salmon
Huntingdo n—The Sumas river, full of fish
Hop e—The Fraser and Coq.uh.aila rivers, some
of the best trout and river fishing in the
Province
K am loop s—-Junction of the North and South
Thompson rivers, good fishing
Keithley Cree k—North Fork and Swamp
rivers, good fishing
K e<t t 1 e Rive r—Kettle river, fine mountain
trout and salmon
Ladner's Landin g—The Fraser, plenty
of salmon and sturgeon
Lower Nicol a—Nicola river affords good
fishiug
Loch E n o c h—The Harrison river 3 miles
off, good fishing, and at Nicomen slough,
first rate-trout fishing.
L i 11 o o e t—Cayuse   and   Lake  creeks,  good
P
P
Pi
trout fishing
Lulu Islan d—The Fraser, only salmon, no
trout
Lac La Hach e—111 mile creek, good fishing
Mi s s i o n--Fraser and Hatzic slough, good
fishing in the autmn
Millslica m—Millstream, trout fishing
Moodyvill e—Fishing to be had in Freds,
Seymour ana Capilano creeks
North Ben d—Fraser river, salmon fishing
with dip nets. Anderson and Skuzzie creeks,
trout fishing
Nicola Lak e—Nicola river close at hand
with good fishing
McPherson s—Koksilah river, trout and
spring salmon
Nakusp— Fine trout caught here daily
N o r t h f i e 1 d—Mill stream half way to Nanaimo, trout.   Chase river has also good sport
New Denve r—Slocan river, Carpenter and
Wilson creeks all afford good fishing
Otter Poin t—Muir and Jordan rivers, both
afford good fishing
ent ic t o n—O'kanagan, good trout fishing
ort   Hammon d—Fraser, Lillooet and Pitt
rivers, fine trout fishing in the Lillooet
lot B a y—The outlet of Kootenay lake is
just opposite Pilot Bay ; it is the Kootenay
river, and supplies salmon and trout fishing
in perfection, trout average 1 to 1^4 lbs., and
salmon run up to 18 lbs. Trout take both fly
and minnow and are very gamey.
Fort Hane y—Fraser and Lillooet rivers and
Kanake creek, good fishing in the latter two.
Parksvill e—Englishman's river and French
creek, splendid for trout and salmon
Port K e 11 s—Fraser and Serpentine, good
fishing
Quesnell Fork s—North and south forks
of Quesnell river, good fishing during July,
August and September
Riversid e—Fraser river, and good trout
fishing in streams on Matsqui prairie.
RobBo n—Columbia river, salmon and trout.
Kootenay river, trout in abundance
Revelstok e—Columbia, Kootenay and Lar-
do rivers, good fishing •
Rogers Pas s—Bear creek, very good for
fish
R o c k f o r d—Nicola Lake river, very good fishing
Silverdal e—Stave river two miles away, and
Fraser river one-half mile, good salmon and
sturgeon fishing
S a v o n a s—Thompson river, excellent fishing
Stevesto n—The Fraser, salmon
S q u a m i s h—Squamish river, good trout fishing from middle of October to first of April.
Chearromisht river, good fishing most of the
year, trout very large, frequently weighing
10 lbs. each. Salmon take spoon bait during
November
S a n d w i s k—Isolum and Courtenay rivers,
trout and salmon
Salmon   Ar m—Salmon river, good fishing
S u m a s—Sumas river and Pedder creek, good
trout fishing HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
45
FSLIi <£ COMPANY,
-4.
^_-'JCLJB
chants,
<v&mii t£oJii
IB   LIQUORS,,
49 FORT STREET,
VICTORIA, B. C.
COR. HASTINGS AND GRANVILLE STREETS,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
#s
One Block from Railway Station
and Steamship Dock.
WM. HAMILTON,
Proprietor.
C. D. RAND, President.       H. A. BERRY, Manager.       F. G. BELL, Secy-Treas.
Vancouver Gurney Cab and Delivery Co., Ld.
PASSENGERS, BAGGAGE AND FREIGHT "flf
Transferred to and from all Trains,  Steamers, etc., or Delivered to any Part
of the City.
Special Attention given to the handling of Machinery, Safes, and all freight
requiring extra care.   Moderate Rates and Uniform Charges.
Office : No. 234 Abbott St., - VANCOUVER, B. C-
Telephones : Office 68, Stables 192. 46
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
S.ook e—Sooke and DeManual rivers, good fishing
Sic a m o n s—Eagle river, fishing good
St. Elm o—The Fraser and half mile distant
a beautiful stream with tront in abundance
Snrrey   Centr e—Nicomekl and Serpentine
rivers, good tront fishing
Shortreed—Fish Trap creek and   salmon
river, good fishing
St. Engene Mission—St. Marys river
and Perry creek, good fishing, generally
salmon trout
Trail Cree k—Columbia, very fine trout fishing
Terra Ros a—North Arm Fraser river, plenty
of salmon fishing
Tur go o s e—Sand Hill creek, trout fishing
Y e r n o n—Shuswap river and several creeks
with fish
Van    Winkle—Swift   and Willow rivers,
Lightning and Peter creeks, fish in all
Well ington—Englishman's river, 20 miles"
away on road to Alberni, where there is fine
fishing
Westham   Islan d—Fraser river and Canoe
Pass, plenty of salmon
Webster's      Corner s—^Kanaka    creek,
trout fishing
West holm e—Chemainus, fishing rather uncertain
Additional rivers and creeks where
good fishing may be enjoyed, will be
given in future issues of the hand-b ook
MINES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The following list will be added to as
particulars of mines are received. See
mining notes.
Agassi z.—Ledges have been discovered, and there is every appearance of
large mineral deposits at Harrison
Lake.
Ainsworth. — A   mining   country.
> The following are in the neighborhood:
Syline, No. 1 United, Neostro, Highlander, Krao,Blue Bell, Sam, and others.
A s h c r o f t.—A coal mine in the Hat
Creek valley, a little placer mining on
Thompson and Bonaparte.
Alkali Lak e.—Only Chinamen on
the Fraser.
Alert B a y.—The coal measures extensively seen. Drilling for coal in
operation at Port McNeill, 5 miles distant.
B e a v e r.—The Quartz Creek Mining
Co.
Big Bar Creek.—Hydraulic and
placer mining.
Burrard Inlet. — Several mines
have been discovered and a few worked.
B a 1 f o u r.—The Ainsworth mines, silver and lead, 8 miles distant, with many
promising claims. Galena and iron in
process of development.
Blue Spring s.—Placer mining at
Cherry and Kettle creeks, and quartz
in the vicinity.
Beaver    Point
Indications  of
gold and silver, and there is coal in the
■ neighborhood.
Chilliwhac k.—Coal and limestone
near here, but not worked at present.
copper  pros-
C o u 11 e e.—Coal here, but only mined
for local use.
C 1 a y g a d t.—Iron and
pecting at Bear River.
Cobble Hil 1.— Quartz silver mine
12 miles distant, granite quarry 4 miles
distant.
C e d a r.—The Southfield coal mine, successfully worked by New Vancouver
Coal Co.
Dog Creek —Chinese work at placer
mining along the Fraser, and make fair
wages-
Empire Valle y.—Churn Creek is
a mineral section. Chinese at placer
mining on the Fraser make from $1 to
$2 per day, no white miners.
East Sook e.—Iron in the neighborhood.
Fort Steel e.—A mining country
with large deposits of mineral only
waiting for capital to develope.
Fairmount Springs.—Windermere copper mines. Thunder Hill,
copper, gold and silver. Good prospects around here.
Fort Simpso n.—Nearest mining,
the Omneica gold mine up the Skeena
river.
Goldstrea m.—Some good quartz
ledges in this vicinity, but undeveloped.
Grande Prairi e.—One ledge being worked at each erd of prairie by
tunnel.
Golden.—The Thunder Hill mine.
Carbonate Mountain district contains
several mines. HAND-BOOK TO BEITISH COLUMBIA.
District
•*m5S
Duncan City, situated on upper Kootenay Lake, the distributing point for the
mines on Duncan and Lardeau Rivers.
Argenta, situated at the north end of Kootenay Lake, and the shipping point
for Duncan City.
Trout Lake City, situated at the north end of Trout Lake, about 15 miles
from Lardeau,—this town is situated in the heart of the rich gold and silver
claims lately discovered in the Lardeau country.
Lardeau, situated on Upper Arrow Lake, and the outlet for the Fish Creek and
Lardeau River mines.
Saanichton, situated on the Victoria and Sydney Railway, in the centre of the
rich agricultural district of Saanich, The Railway Co. have contracted to
erect their South Saanich Station on this property. Hotel, store and other
buildings have already been erected.   Lots and. acreage.
Money to loan on improved farm and city property to any amount. Coal Timber and Farming Lands.   Mining Claims.
HENRT CROFT,
Assoc. M. Inst. C. E., M. I. M. E.
Real Estate, Mining and Financial Broke, Insurance Agent,
Branch Office at Nelson. VICTORIA, B. 0.
«   BL   1,
*
Its
1
toperty I
'OHi  SJLXiB*
 HOMES   TO   RENT   AND   FOR   SALE.
44 Fort Street,
VICTORIA, B. C
CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. 48
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Galen*—Spillamachene mountain is
within three miles, and is a mountain
of mineral of low grade galena, also
Jubilee mountain within five miles, has
about 20 claims (all doing assessment
work), copper and lead.
H a t e z i c .—Explorations and assays
now going on in the Stave Valley, 8
miles from here, and north of Mission
City 3 miles.
Hop e.—The " Eureka " silver mine and
the " Hope " copper and silver mine,
also the Granite Creek and Skagit
placer mines, 65 miles from town.
lllecillewae t.—A number of ex-
cellant silver claims located here.
Lanark is the only developed mine as
yet.
K a m 1 o o p s.—The Glen Iron Mining
Co. are shipping magnetite (iron ore) to
Tacoma and Portland, the mine being
in full swing. Two coal mines opening
up. Copper, cinnebar and gold placer
mining in the immediate neighborhood.
Keith ley Cree k.—Hydraulic and
placer mining.
Kettle Rive r.—The Spokane and
Northern Mining Co. are here, Lincoln,
London and Eagle mines, and the Volcanic Mining Co., besides a number of
other mines.
Lower Nicol a.—Coal mining within 6 miles of here.
L i 11 o o e t.—The quartz mines of importance near here are the Bonanza,
Mayflower, Sugar Loaf and Mountain
Sheep. The placer mines are Lillooet
Hydraulic Mining Co., the Great
North American, and on Bridge River
the Mina Mining Co., the Victor Hydraulic Co., and the Scum Scum Mining Co.
Lund.—A rich iron mine within 20
miles of here.
Mission City. — Several nickel
mines assay about $20 per ton on surface. The owners are Lane, Elliott &
Wright.
North Ben d.—Three large hydraulic
placer mines about to start up here.
Nicola Lak e.—Coal here but not
yet developed.
Nakusp.—Galena ore, Freddy Lee
mine, Slocan Star, Lucky Jim, Orphan
Boy, Democrat and several other mines
located near here.
Northfield.—The New Vancouver
Coal Co's, the East Wellington and
Wellington mines are near here.
New Denver.—The mines in the
vicinity are rich silver bearing galena,
they are as follows :—The Vancouver
group, Alph group, Reid group on 4
mile creek, the Idaho, Queen Bess,
Slocan Star, Freddy Lee and Canadian
groups on Carpenter creek, several
other good mines in vicinity of lake.
Penticton. —The O'Kanagan mine
and another not named.
Pilot B a y.—The old an celebrated
Blue Bell mine is near here, and contains an enormous body of low grade
galena, yielding a very high percentage
of lead. On this mine about $200,000
have been expended, and an immense
quantity of ore is already in the dump.
This will now be handled, by the smelter in course of erection at Pilot Bay,
very rich strikes are being made back
of this point at the head waters of
Crawford creek. The Helen, Douglas,
Mary Gray, Marian, Marietta, Virginia
and Carry Shields, are all located in a
very rich vein of antimonial silver.
Port Haney .—Indications of gold,
silver, iron and coal near here.
Parksville. —Indications of coal
about here
Plumper Pass. —A coal mine being opened at Tumbo Island 12 miles
distant.
Quesnell Forks. —The Victoria
Hydraulic Mining Co., the South Fork
Hydraulic Mining Co. and others, are
operating near here.
Rivers  Inle t.—Indications of iron
Riversid e.—Mining prospects good
here.
Revelstok e.—At present the Ille-
cillewaet mines are the nearest, 22
miles east. The Big Bend 50 miles
north is. attracting attention, several
fine gold quartz claims having recently
been located. The " Lardo " which is
reached by 35 miles of water, and 10
miles overland is the camp of the future, over 75 mineral locations having
been recorded within the last few
months, assays running as high as
$1,200 per ton.
R o c k f o r d.—The Nicola Milling and
Mining   Co's mines.   The   quartz   of HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
49
NORTHERN
PACS
GfHR
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo
^ROM Terminal or Interior Points, the
Northern Pacific Railroad is the line to
take to all Points East and South. It
is the Dining Car Route. It runs Two
Through Vestibuled Trains every day in the
year to St. Paul and Chicago, (no change of
cars). Composed of Dining Cars, unsurpassed. Pullman Drawing Room Sleepers
of Latest Equipment. Tourist Sleeping
Cars, best that can be constructed and in
which accommodations are both free and
furnished to holders of first and second-class
tickets.
ELEGANT DAY COACHES.
A Continuous Line connecting with all
lines, affording direct and uninterrupted
service. Pullman Sleeper Reservation can
be secured in advance through any agent of
the road. Through Tickets to and from all
points in America, England and Europe can
be furnished at any ticket office of this
company.
Full information concerning rates, time
of trains, routes and other details furnished
on application to any agent, or
A. D, CHARLTON, Asst. Gen'l Pass. Agt.,
121 First St., Cor. Washington,
Portland, Oregon.
■B*     "R
^W^f^s
79 Government Street,
LlA, B. C» 50
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
these mines are composed of copper,
galena, gold, silver, lead, etc.
Silverdale. —Indications of coal
and iron.
S a v o n a s.—" The Rosebush," a cinnabar mine, and the Tenderfoot copper.
S a n d w i c k.—The Union Coal Mines.
S o o k e. —Copper, iron and coal indications here, but undeveloped.
Sicamous .—Mining prospects good
here.
Salt Spring Island. —^Gold
mine at south end of island being worked. There are also copper and coal,
but undeveloped.
St. Eugene Missio n.—A lately
discovered mine near here was sold by
Joseph Bourgeois for $4.0,000.
Tria^l Cree k.—Copper, gold, silver,
lead and free milling gold. The chief
mines are Le Roi and Centre Star.
Van Winkl e.—The following mining companies are in operation :—South
Wales Co., Timon Creek Co., Slough
Creek Co., Davis Creek Co., Rushion
Creek Co., Moonraker Co., Snowden
Co., Chisholm Creek Co., Bashford
Creek Co., Dunbar Flat Hydraulic Co.,
Chisholm Creek Hydraulic Co., Burns
Mountain Quartz Co., Van Winkle
Creek Co. There are on Nelson Creek
five hydraulic companies, on Slough
Creek two, on Burns Creek three, on
Coulter Creek one. The " Big Bonanza Mining Co." is situated on Lower
Lightning Creek. Most of these claims
are paying well. There are numerous
prospectors out around here.
Websters Corners—Strong indications of coal along Kanaka Creek.
Wellingto n.—The celebrated Duns-
muir coal mines are here.
Other mines and fresh discoveries will
be given under this head from time to
time.
Coal   Output.
TONS.
1860    14,247
1861    13,774
1862    18,118
1863    21,345
1864    28,632
1865    32,819
1866    25,115
1867    31,239
1868    44,005
1869    35,802
1870    29,843
1871-73 148,459
1874    81,547
1875 110,145
1876 139,192
1877 154,052
TONS.
1878  170,846
1879  241,301
1880  267,595
1881  228,357
1882  282,139
1883  213.299
1884  394,070
1885  365,596
1886  326,636
1887  413,360
1888  489,301
1889  579,830
1890  578,140
1891 1,029,097
1892  826,335
Coal Output for 1893.
NUMBER OF TONS.
Nanaimo CoUiery 433,386
Wellington Colliery 290,370
East Wellington Colliery  33,650
Union CoUiery  68,928
826,334
Coal Exported*
NUMBER OP TONS.
Nanaimo 307,623
Wellington 238,400
East Wellington  28,000
Union  66,556
640,579
Coal Miners .Employed.
Nanaimo 1367
Wellington  815
East Wellington  152
Union  520
2854
Miners' earnings per day during 1892,
ranged from $3.00 to $5.00. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
51
Green, Worlock
Successors  to  Garesche,  Green &  Co.
(Established 1873.)
€?o«9
VICTORIA, - - B. C.
Deposits received on liberal rates of Interest.
Drafts, Orders, Telegraph Transfers and Letters of Credit issued on the principal cities in the United States, Canada, Europe,
Mexico & China.
Collections made at every point.
PRINCIPAL CORRESPONDENTS.
United States.—Wells, Fargo & Co., New York and San Francisco ; Continental
National Bank, Chicago, 111.; Ladd & Tilton, Portland, Or.
Canada.—Merchants Bank and Canadian Bank of Commerce and Branches.
AGENTS FOR
V|BB-WELL, FARGO & COMPANY.
P. O. Box 867
m
liijj
EAN
n
\j
w
u
Telephone 140.
Sn
MBIAN CO'Y, LTD.,
OF LONDON, ENGLAND.
VANCOUVER BRANCH, 32 WATER STREET,
GENERAL IMPORTERS  OP
Hardware, Liquors, Teas, Groceries, Flour, to., to.
G. D. MACKAY, Managing Director. 52
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
COAL MINES AND COAL MINING COMPANIES.
The New Vancouver Coal Mining and Land Co. (L'td.)
The mines and works of the New Vancouver Coal Mining and Land Company,
Limited, are the main resources of Nanaimo, the whole population being directly
or indirectly dependent upon the coal industry. Forty years ago coal was discovered at Nanaimo, and from then on mining operations have been continually
carried on, though it is only recently that the production has assumed its present
gigantic dimensioas. In 1884, when Mr. S. M. Robins took over the management
of the company, the output rose to over one hundred thousand tons and now the
annual foreign export reaches half a million tons annually. The company has at
present five mines in operation: No. 1 Esplanade, No. 2 Southfield, No 5 South-
field, Northfield shaft, and Protection Island shaft; another mine, No. 3, South-
field, is all but worked out.
No. 1 shaft (Esplanade) is the largest mine in operation in British Columbia.
The depth of the shaft is 650 feet, size 18 feet in diameter.
No. 2, Southfield is worked by slope, 800 yards in length.
No. 5, Southfield, has a depth of 508 feet, the shaft being of rectangular shape
8x18.
The depth of the Northfield shaft is 440 feet, size 8x18 feet.
The Protection Island shaft is a new undertaking and one that promises to
prove the most snocessfpl of any in operation. It is the outlet for coal mined
fr<">m two seams, the upper one 5 feet thick, and the lower one, 4 feet. The depth
of this shaft is 740 feet, rectangular in shape; size, 12x19 feet.
This company employs 1,500 men. The rates of wages being: For miners, $3
to $5 per day; to other hands, from $2.50 to $3.50. The present daily output is
1,900 to 2,000 tons. San Francisco takes most of the coal exported, other shipments being made to the Hawaiian Isles, Portland, Ore., and to Alaska.
The head office of the company is in London, England, J. Galsworthy, Esq.,
President. The company's land property covers some 30,000 acres and is being
rapidly improved and settled up. Their city property is of course very valuable
and is sold on monthly payments.
THE EAST WELLINGTON COLLIERY.
The East Wellington Colliery, of which Mr. W. S. Chandler is superintendent,
is situated about three miles to the Northwest of Nanaimo. There are the shafts
No. 1 and No. 2, but the latter is the only one in operation. The coal produced is
of a hard bituminous nature. The colliery is connected with Departure Bay by a
narrow guage railway. Mr. Richard C. Chandler, of San Francisco, the principal
owner of the mines and a large dealer, controls the output, which generally averages 150 tons per day.
The "longwall" system of working is followed in this colliery. No. 1 shaft is
270 feet deep; No. 2, 200 feet deep.   About 150 men are employed.
THE WELLINGTON   MINES.
Consisting of 6 pits, and the Alexandra Mine are owned by Messrs. Dunsmuir
& Sons.   The May number of the Hand Book will contain a description of them.
TUMBO ISLAND COAL MINING COMPANY.
This Company having made considerable exploring and boring on this Island
are continuing to energetically prospect their seam.
UNION COLLIERY.
The Union Coal Mines are situated near Comox, about 60 miles from Nanaimo, the principal owners being the Dunsmuirs. There are four shafts and tunnels in operation. No. 1 aud No. 2 tunnels being adit levels, no machinery is
required. The mode of working is on the longwall system. These levels are now
in: No. 1, 700 feet; No. 2, 1200 feet.
In connection with the colliery there are 13 miles of railway. Coal from these
mines is shipped to San Francisco.
A steam sawmill with a daily capacity of 20,000 feet is run in connection with
the colliery,    F. I). Little is general manager of the mines. m
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
53
G. R. MAJOR.
C. C. ELDRIDGE.
JMajor d£ EldrMg©,
Produce and Commission Merchants,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Hams, Bacon, Lard, Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Flour, Grain, Feed, etc.
125 Water Street, - VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. BOX 316. TELEPHONE 74.
I BAKER <£ LEESOM,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Grain, Butter, Cheese, Eggs, Poultry & Green Fruits
CONSIGNMENTS. SOLICITED.
121 and 123 Water Street, I   C.
Agents for Bateman & Co.'s Celebrated Biscuits and Confectionery.
j-. :m:. bu:
o NOTARIES  PUBLIC, o
NING, FINANCIAL AND REAL ESTATE A&ENTS,
GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.
3a
137 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B. C.
»dk>
iarraesss manufacturer,
HORSE CLOTHING, TURF GOODS, ETC.
TRUNKS  AND VALISES.
Repairing Neatly and Promptly Done.   Commercial Travellers' Sample Cases a
Specialty.   Special attention given to mail orders.   Note address.
D. WILSON, 137 Cordova Street,
P. O. Box 384. VANCOUVER, B. C.
P.II
/ 54
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Gold. Yield from '58 to '92 inclusive.
1858 (6 months) § 520,353
1859  1,615,072
1860  2,228,543
1861  2,666,118
1862-3  4,246,266
1864  3,735,850
1865  3,491,205
1866  2,662,106
1867  2,480,868
1868  2,372,972
1869  1,774,978
1870  1,336,956
1871  1,799,440
1872 •  1,610,972
1873  1.305,749
1874  1,844,618
1875  2,474,904
1876  1,786,648
1877  1,608,182
1878  1,275,204
1879  1,290,058
1880  1,013.827
1881  1,046,737
1882  954,085
1883  794,252
1884  736,165
1885  713,738
1886  903,651
1887  693,709
1888  616,731
1889  588,923
1890  494,436
1891..  429,811
1892  399,525
Total..... $53,512,652
Yield of Gold from   Districts,  1892.
Cariboo,—
BarkerviUe $ 76,600
Lightning Creek  41,500
Quesnellemouth  23,500
Keithly Creek  52,400
Additional  10,000
Cassiar  28,950
East Kootenay  29,700
Lillooet  39,763
Minor Districts  97,112
Total $399,525
Number of Gold Mining'  Companies
Working in B. C. in 1892.
Cariboo 159
Cassiar  26
Kootenay  34
Tale 158
477
In West   Kootenay,   the   following
claims Avere recorded in  1892*
Revelstoke  71
Big Bend  4
Illecillewaet  98
Slocan  750
Ainsworth  470
Trail Creek  67
Nelson  244
1704
Mining1 Notes.
Record during 1892 of the Great Slocan and Ainsworth districts of West
Kootenay.
SLOGAN.
Three hundred and forty transfers and
bills of sale were recorded in 1892, aggregating $550,000, and it is estimated that
the sum of $201,000 in cash changed
hands by reason of transfers during the
year.
To illustrate the activity in mining in
this district, the following statistics,
which have been kindly furnished by Mr.
J. L. Retallack (whose accuracy and
sources of information may be safely relied upon), may be of interest:
On the Noble Five group of claims,
situated on Carpenter Creek, the sum of
$6,000 has been expenned, principally in
driving a tunnel 150 feet, and a trail
seven miles long. Only samples of ore
have been shipped from this camp, but a
large body of ore has been exposed.
On the Slocan Star claims, situated on
Sandon creek, development work, consisting of 180 feet of tunneling has been done
and a trail two miles long has been built.
Extensive machinery will be put on this
group during the spring, when the output is expected to reach 300 tons of concentrates per month.
On the Payne group of claims, situated
on Carpenter Creek, upwards of $4,000
have been expended in development work
and trails. No ore has been shipped at
present.
On the Blue Bird claim upwards of
$10,000 have been expended on 600 feet
of tunneling, and also six miles of trail.
One hundred tons of ore from this mine
have beeu shipped via the Kaslo wagon
road.
On the Freddy Lee, situated on Cody
Creek, upwards of $20,000 have been expended in development work, and $4,500 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
55
ID
Ni
►
Ni
Ni
Best Collection of Japanese Goods and Curios
JIN & TAMURA, 72~Cordova St., VANCOUVER, B. C.
S.T.T
!:     Booksellers, Stationers
I . —AND—
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GUIDE FOR SALE AT ABOVE BOOKSTORE.
11 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B. C.
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WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
116 CORDOVA STREET,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
TELEPHONE 144.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOEESALE DEALERS IN
Fine British ColumbiaCedar Lumber &Shingles
DOORS, SASH, ETC.
P. O. BOX 387. It?
-
56
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
on trails, etc. Over 400 tons of ore have
been shipped from this mine.
On the Washington, situated on Carpenter Creek, 200 feet of tunnels have
been driven, and good mountain trails
have been built. It is estimated that
1,500 tons of ore has been shipped from
this claim.
On the Dardenelles group, situated on
McGuigan Creek, about $4,500 have been
expended on development work, and a
trail four miles long has been built.
About ten tons of ore has been shipped
ed from this camp, showing satisfactory
returns.
On the Best Claim, situated adjacent
to the Dardanelles, over $10,000 have
been expended on development work, and
a trail three miles long has been built.
About fifteen tons of ore have been shipped from this claim.
On the Idaho Claim, situated between
Four-Mile Creek and. Hansen. Creek,
about $2,400 have been expended on development work, and a trail, costing
about $1,000 has also been built. About
fifteen tons of ore have been shipped
from this claim.
On the Great Western group, situated
about one mile east of the Washington,
200 feet of tunnels have been driven, and
three miles of trail have been built. No
ore has been shipped from this group.
On the Queen Bess, situated on Cody
Creek, the sum of $5,000 is at present
being expended on development work,
and a trail costing $500 has been built.
No ore has been shipped from this claim.
On the Lucky Jim and Roadley group,
situated on Seaton Creek, about $10,000
have been expended on development
work and trails. No ore has been shipped from this group.
Of other claims in this district, on
which considerable developme t work
has been done, may be mentioned :—
The Northern Belle, on Jackson Creek.
This claim has been bonded for $45,000.
The Slocan Boy, adjoining the Washington. On this claim there is a large
quantity of ore in sight.
The Reco and Wonderful, situated between the Noble Five and Blue Bird.
There is a large amount of ore in sight
on these claims. . Thirteen men are steadily employed developing.
The Silver Glance group, situated two
miles'north-west from the town of Watson.   Development work has been going
en for some time, and the claims have
been bonded for $45,000.
The sunset claim, near the Blue Bird,
has been bonded for $20,000.
The R. E. Lee, situated about three-
quarters of a mile south of the Washington, has been bonded for $20,000.
The Chambers group, situated on Cody
Creek, has been bonded for $50,000.
The Big Bertha, an extension of the
Dardanelles, has been bonded for $45,000
The Utica, on the same creek, has been
bonded for $30,000.
AINSWORTH,
Immediately in vicinity of Ainsworth,
rich strikes have been made, among
which may notably be mentioned the
Mile Point claim, assaying as high as
400 ounces in silver per ton.
On the Skyline silver claim it is the
intention of the owners to erect a stamp
mill.
On the Highlander claim considerable
development work has been done.
On the Lady of the Lake group of
claims, it is estimated that $25,000 will
be expended during the coming season
on development work and general improvements.
KASLO  PORTION OF AINSWORTH.
On the Solo group, situated on Lyle
Creek, extensive development work has
been done, and good trails built. There
is a large body of ore in sight.
On the Wellington claim, situated on
Whitewater Creek, steady work has been
done, exposing large bodies of ore. It is
the intention of the owners to put extensive machinery on this property. Ten
tons of ore have been shipped from this
mine, showing good returns.
On the claims of the Brennand group,
situated on Lyle Creek, about $2,000 have
been expended on development work and
a good trail has been made.
On the Whitewater claim, situated on
Whitewater Creek, about $2,500 have
been expended on development work.
About eight tons of ore have been shipped
from this claim.
The Beaver group of claims, situated
fifteen miles north of Kaslo, have been
bonded for $75,000.
On the Mbntesuma and Mexico claims
about $3,000 have been expended in getting in supplies, and erecting buildings
preparatory to developing the property,
which is now bonded for the sum of
$20,000. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
57
mr?m
■-C&—T&-
"V
Will be open for the reception of Guests on or
about the 20th May, 1893. §;'
OAK BAY is one of the most delightful
pleasure resorts in British Columbia.
Within easy distance of Victoria by
tramway to the heart of the city.
The Hotel will be under the able management of
J.   A.   VIRTUE,
Late of th-e Canadian Pacific Hotel Vancouver. ft
58
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The Twilight, situated on Twelve-Mile
Creek, has been bonded for the sum of
$20,000.
The Fourth of July and Viola claims,
situated on Spring Creek, have been
bonded for the sum of $50,000.
The Yosemite, Homes take and Eureka,
in the Brennand camp, have been bonded
for the sum of $65,000.
The aggregate sum of the above, and
bonds given for smaller amounts on other
claims, amount to nearly $334,000.
A wagon \ oad has been built from
Kaslo to Bear Lake by private subscription, costing in the neighborhood of
$20,000.	
Mining:   Laws.
FREE MINERS.
" Free Miner " only can have right or
interest in mining claims or ditches. A
I free miner " must be over 16 years of
age. His certificate may be for one year
($5), or three years ($15), and is not transferable.
RECORD, ETC., OP  CLAIMS.
Claims must be rocorded ($2.50), and
re-recorded ($2.50). Time allowed for
record is three days after location, if within ten miles of office—one additional day
for every additional ten' miles, or fraction thereof. Transfers of claims or mining interests must be in writing and
registered. Free miner's certificate (for
each year) $5.00, may hold aoy number
of claims by purchase, but only two by
pre-emption, except in certain cases. A
free miner can, by record, get a fair share
■of water necessary to work claim. A
claim is deemed open if unworked for 72
hours on working days, unless for sickness or other reasonable cause.
NATURE AND   SIZE   OF   ORDINARY   MINING
CLAIM.
Claims, as far as possible, are rectangular and must be staked by post or tree.
Sizes are, " bar diggings," 100 feet wide
at high-water mark, and thence extend
into the river at lowest water level.
" Dry diggings " 100 feet square. " Creek
claims " 100 feet long, measured in the
direction of the general course of the
stream, and shall extend in width from
base to base of the hill or bench on each
side, but when the benches or hills are
less than 100 feet apart the claim shall be
100 feet square. " Bench claims" 100
feet square. " Hill claims," base line
fronting a stream 100 feet—parallel side
lines at right angles thereto at summit
of hill. Posts 100 feet apart. Measure
m'ents horizontal, irrespective of surface
inequalities.
discoverers' claims.
To one discoverer, 300 feet in length.
To two discoverers, 600 feet in length.
To three discoverers, 800 feet in length.
To four, 1000 feet in length, and to each
member of a party beyond four in number, a claim of the ordinary size only.
Creek discovery claims shall extend
1000 feet on each side of the centre of
the creek, or as far as the summit.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE.
On discovery of a new lode or vein containing minerals, six months. On proving expenditure, in cash, labor, or machinery, $1,000 an each full interest (without reasonable return) one year. Under
other conditions Gold Commissioner has
option.
mineral claims.
" Mineral claims,"—that is claims containing, or supposed to contain minerals,
precious or base (other than coal), in
lodes or veins, or rock in place—shall be
1,500 feet long and 600 feet wide, and, as
nearly as possible, in rectangular form.
To lawfully hold a Crown grant for a
mineral claim, it must be surveyed by a
surveyor approved by the Land Office ;
notice of application for the grant must
be posted conspicuously on the land and
on the Government office of the district,
also inserted for sixty days in the Government Gazette and a newspaper, if any,
circulating in the district, and proof must
be given to the satisfaction of the Government officers that $500 have been
bona fide expended in money or labor
upon the claim, exclusive of all houses,
buildings and other like improvements.
Or a Crown grant may be got by paying
$25 per acre to the Government in lieu
of representation and expenditure on the
claim.
COAL PROSPECTING LICENSES.
A twelve months' prospecting license
for 480 acres of vacant coal land in one
block, may be granted by the Government on payment of $25.00. The licenses
may be extended for another year if the
licensee has actually explored for coal on
payment of $50.00. The license is not
transferable without notice being given
to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works. If a licensee wishes to purchase
the coal lands, he may do so under the
land Act for $2.50 per acre. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
59
Robert   Ward   &  Co.,
Limited Liability
Victoria, B. C.
Royal Swedish and Norwegian ConsuJate.
Represented in London by
Messrs. H. J. Gardiner & Co.
1 Gresham Buildings,
Bashinghall, si, E. C.
ROBERT WARD & Co.
Merchants and Importers.
Execute Indents for every description of British and Foreign Merchandise, Lumber, Timber, Spars, and other products of British Columbia.
Shipping and Insurance Agents.
CHARTERS   EFFECTED
General Agents :
Royal Insurance Company.
London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Company.
Standard Life Assurance Company.
London and Provincial Marine Insurance Company, L'td.
London Assurance Corporation.
Western Assurance Company.
Risks Accepted.   Policies issued and losses promptly adjusted in Victoria.
Managers and Agents
British Columbia Corporation,   Limited,
Sole Agents :
Mortgages, Land Debentures, Trusts, Etc.
Curtis's and Harvey's Sporting and Blasting Powder.
John Kirman & Son's (Gold Medal, Inventions Exhibition, 1885), pianofortes.
J. and W. Stuart's Patent Double-Knotted Fishing Nets, Twines, Etc.
A. Rodriguez, Havana Cigars.   Messrs. Kynoch L'td.
Agents for the follcwing brands of British Columbia Salmon.
Ewen & Co., " Lion," " Bonnie Dundee." Bon Accord Fishery Co., " Bon
Accord," "The Consuls." A.J. McLellan's "Express." Canadian Pacific
Packing Co., "Flagship."   Boston Fishing & Trading Co., Alaska, "Sea Lion.
Agents for Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing Co., Chemainus.
Hughitt & Mclntyre, Genoa Saw Mills.
Limited Liability
76 Wharf Street, HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
A Reminiscence of the Gold Mines, British Columbia.
The history of the gold mining industry of British Columbia is an interesting
one. Although discovesies of the existence of gold in several parts of the country were made as far back as 1850; it was not until 1856 that Governor Douglas
officially reported to the Colonial Office that the precious metal was to be found
in paying quantities. In 1857 James Cooper testifying before a committee of the
British House of Commons predicted a rush of people at an early day into .the
colony to search for gold. This prediction came true, for in 1858 between thirty
and forty thousand people flocked into British Columbia attracted by the gold
mines. The utmost excitement prevailed in California over the reported discoveries in British Columbia, and thousands of prospectors and miners left the former
to try their fortune in the latter. During six months of 1858 over half a million
dollars constituted the yield of the newly discovered mines. In 1859 the yield
amounted to $1,615,072, and in 1863 it had risen to $3,735,850 from which year it
gradually decreased owing to the lack of proper appliances for working the mines
and the absence of suitable means of transportation to and from them. Since
1858, however, the total yield of gold has been very considerable, amounting altogether to $53,512,652.
• Probably no institution has been more closely identified with the gold mining
of British Columbia than the banking house of Green, Worlock & Co., formerly
known as Garesche, Green & Co. In the arly days, up to 1873, Wells, Fargo
<fc Co. of which Mr. F. Garesche was then agent, took an active part in the
purchase and export of gold from British Columbia. In 1873 Garesche,
Green & Company took over the business form Wells, Fargo & Company the latter confining themselves to handling express matter between Victoria
and San Francisco in connection with their immense system throughout the
United States. The banking house of Garesche, Green & Co. grew in wealth and
importance until the name of the firm became a household word in British Columbia whenever the gold mines were mentioned.
In 1892 Mr. F. H. Worlock became a member of the banking house and since
then it has been known as Green, Worlock & Co., the interest of the late Mr.
Garesche having been purchased from the trustee of the estate.
At the present time there is no banking establishment more popular or more
flourishing than Green, Worlock & Co., and the high position they now hold is
due in a large measure to their connection with the gold mining interests of
British Columbia.
Although the yield of gold has been chiefly from the mainland of the Province it is believed that Vancouver Island is also very rich in the precious metal,
and at Leech River where there are a number of white miners, good wages are
made and with improved appliances the yield of this district will be very large.
Green, Worlock & Co. handle most of the gold from Leech River which they
declare to be of a'very fine quality, and for which they pay almost the highest
price of any produced in British Columbia. The cross presented to Bishop Hills
on his departure for England lately, was made from Leech River gold furnished
by this firm.
Another pleasing incident in this connection with gold mining in this Province is that the key to be used by Her Majesty Queen Victoria at the opening of
the Imperial Institute in London, England, was made from British Columbia
gold.
It is expected now that proper machinery and appliances are being introduced into the mines of Cariboo and Cassiar that the annual gold product will
rapidly increase and the purchase and shipment of the precious metal will become
more and more important. Mr. F. H. Worlock is now the agent for Wells, Fargo
& Co., and the facilities for handling gold thus afforded to Green, Worlock & Co.
will keep them in the front rank as purchasers and shippers. The connection
therefore between the great Express Company and the banking house in Victoria
has been a long and close one for over thirty years. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
61
P. O. Box 167.
Telephone 21.
A.
LANTA & CO.,
Real Eestate and Ini
:ts.
Farm Property on Vancouver Island a Specialty.
New York Life Assurance Society.
Commercial Union Assurance Company.
Accident Assurance Company of North. America.
! Canadian Mutual Loan & Investment Company.
Loans Negotiated, Interest Collected.
Office: 46 Commercial Street, Nanaimo, B. C.
WILSON BROS.,
waoijEis^.rjEi
©ro
and Importers.
Headquarters for California and Tropical Fruits.
Our Stock will be found well assorted at all times, as it is our aim.
to meet competition at all times.
8-10 Yates Street,
VICTORIA, B. C. 62
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Farming.
Although the general surface of British
Columbia is rugged and mountainous,
*here are thousands of acres of valley
^and, as fertile and productive as any the
sun shines upon in its daily round. This
land is of three classes—the alluvial bottoms lying along the water courses ; the
more level portions of the uplands of the
islands and coast, and the mountain districts of the interior, now covered with
timber, but possessing excellent soil and
yielding largely when cleared and cultivated; the treeless benches and tablelands of the interior, which are highly
productive when watered by irrigation.
These embrace a total of not less than
ten thounand square miles of arable soil,
so diverse in character, climatic conditions and location, as to be suitable for
the production of every fruit, cereal,
vegetable, tree, plant and flower known
to the temperate zone.
General Farming Districts.
General farming, the raising of grain,
roots and vegetables, dairying and stock-
keeping is carried on in the following
districts:
Agassiz.
Alberni.
Ashcroft.
Big Bar Creek.
Burrard Inlet.
Blue Springs.
Beaver Point. •
Beaver Creek.
Brownsville.
Chemainus.
Chilliwhack.
Coutlee.
Clover Valley.
Cloverdale.
Clayton.
Cedar.
Duncans
Dog Creek.
Elgin.
Empire Valley.
East Sooke.
French Creek.
Grande Prairie.
Golden.
Genoa.
Huntingdon.
Hope.
Heal.
Kamloops.
Ladner's Landing.
Seymour Creek Val.
& Capilano Val. near
Moodyville.
Nicola Lake.
Nakusp.
Northfield.
Okanagan.
Port Haney.
Parksville.
Plumper Pass
Port Kells.
Robson.
Rockford.
Silverdale.
Steveston.
Squamish.
Sand wick.
Salmon Arm.
Sidney.
Sumas.
Sooke.
Sicamous.
Surrey Centre.
Shortreed.
Salt Spring Island.
St. Eugene Mission.
Tappen Siding.
Terra Rosa.
Turgoose.
Vernon.
Lower Nicola. Westham Island. ,
Lulu Island. Webster's Corners.
Mission City. Westholme.
Young.
More districts to be heard from, and
will appear from time to time.
Yield of Farm Products.
Wheat    30 to"   40 bush, per acre.
Oats     50 "     75   do       do
Potatoes  150"   200   do       do
Turnips     20 "     30 tons     do
Hay      2 "       3   do       do
Hops 1200 " 2000 lbs.       do
Orchards will return from $250 to $300
per acre.
Stock Raising.
There is one branch of farming peouliar
to the grass ranges of the interior, where
excellent facilities are afforded for its
prosecution. The rolling hUl-sides of
the eastern slope of Coast range, and the
many similar table lands found throughout this elevated region, are clothed with
a natural grass of the most nutritious
qualities. This, the famous | bunch
grass" of the stock-raiser, provides a better feed than any pasture known. Unfortunately, in those districts which have
been longest occupied, this invaluable
grass has been in many places destroyed
—eaten out by overstocking. Where
this has taken place it has been generally
superseded by the sage bush, which although a tolerably good food, does not
compare with the grass. Bunch grass is
not found muoh to the north of latitude
53 °, where it yields to red top, blue joint
and other natural grasses. There are,
however, excellent facilities for stock-
raising even so far north, for these
grasses make good fodder, and grow to a
height which makes it profitable to out
them for winter feed.
Stock-raising is pre-eminently the
farming of the rich man. It cannot be
engaged in successfully without considerable capital, and though the profits are
large the risks are usually greater than
those undertaken by the small farmer.
Yet in none of its forms can farming be
regarded as a risky occupation in this
province. There are, of course, the vicissitudes of the seasons to expect, as
elsewhere, but it is questionable whether
any other country could be pointed out
having greater immunity from the terrors of the farmer—drought, storm, and
destructive pests. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
63
FOR SALE
On Vancouver Island and the Mainland of British Columbia
Some of the finest Farms and Farming properties in British Columbia, ranging from 40 acres up to 7000 acres, situated
in the most favorable farming localities.
PEMBERTON *S£ SON, |
Real Estate and Financial Agents.
o
P. 0. Box 246.
VICTORIA, B. O.
TELEPHONE 488.
P. O. BOX  505
Dalby & Claxton,
v4 HSL PI I <o j
The Great West Lite Assurance Co., Victoria & "Winnipeg.
The Yorkshire Guarantee & Securities Corporation, England.
The Alliance Assurance Company (Fire), England.
The British Columbia Fire Insurance Company, Victoria, B. C.
The Royal Canadian Packing Co., Claxton & Skeena.
64 YATES STREET,
VICTORIA, B, O. 64
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Stock Raising Districts.
Stock-raising is carried on in the fol-
lowing districts :
Ashcroft.
Alkali Lake.
Big Bar Creek.
Burrard Inlet.
Bine Springs.
Brownsville.
Chilliwhack.
Coutlee.
Clover VaUey.
Clinton.
Chilcoten.
Cedar.
Dog Creek.
Duck & Pringle.
East Sooke.
French Creek.
Fairmount Springs.
Grande Prairie.
Golden.
Genoa.
Galena.
Hornby Island.
Hatizic.
Huntingdon.
Kamloops.
Kettle River.
Lower Nicola.
Lac La Hache.
Lund.
Mission.
Nicola Lake.
McPhersons.
Otter Point.
Okanagan.
Penticton.
Pender Island.
Parksville.
Plumper Pass.
Rockford.
Savonas
Salmon Arm.
Sumas.
St. Elmo.
Surrey Centre.
Salt  Spring Island.
St. Eugene Mission.
Tappen Siding.
Turgoose.
Vernon.
Westholme.
Young.
ed by the sea breezes, where the atmosphere is humid and the climate genial,
grapes c an be raised in great abundance,
such early and hardy varieties as the
Warden, Moore, Concord, Brighton, Delaware and Niagara being especially recommended. Peaches, prunes, apricots,
filberts and, in fact, any fruit grown in
the temperate zones attain here their
very highest perfection, and some of the
finest specimens exhibited at eastern
fairs have been the production of this
section of Canada.
Other districts to be heard from.
Dairying Districts.
Dairying is a special feature of the following districts :
Blue Springs.
Beaver Creek.
Chilliwack.
Cloverdale.
Clayton.
Hatizic.
Ladner's Landing.
Lulu Island.
Lac La Hoche.
North Bend.
McPhersons.
Okanagan.
Port Hammond.
Port Haney.
Riverside.
Robson.
Steveston.
Sandwick.
Salmon Arm.
Sumas.
St. Elmo.
Surrey Centre.
Fruit   Growing.
Not only is the richness of the soil of
British Columbia an important factor in
its admirable adaptability for fruit culture, but its greatest advantage lies in
the humidity of the atmosphere and the
mildness of the climate, modified and
tempered as it is by the Japan currents,
so that even on the seemingly poorest
and lightest soil fruits grow and yield
the most magnificent returns.
Here, where the land is directly affect-
Fruit of British Columbia.
Apples.
Pears.
Plumbs.
Peaches.
Prunes.
Apricots.
Nectarines.
Grapes.
Cherries.
And berries of every description.
Hops yield from 1200 to 2000 lbs. per
acre, and are of the finest quality.
Fruit Growing; Districts.
This industry is largely on the increase,
the soil and climate being specially adapted in many parts of the Province to fruit
growing. Fruit growing is now carried
on successfully in the following districts:
Ashcroft Station.
Big Bar Creek.
Blue Springs.
Beaver Creek,
Chilliwhack.
Clayton.
Cedar.
Duck & Pringle.
Elgin.
Empire Valley.
East Sooke.
Golden.
Genoa.
Hornby Island.
Hatizic.
Howe Sound.
Huntingdon.
Hope.
Heal.
Ladner's Landing.
Lower Nicola.
Loch Enoch.
Lillooet.
Lund.
Mission City.
Mount Pleasant.
North Bend.
Nicola Lake.
Northfield.
Otter Point.
Okanagan.
Penticton.
Port Hammond.
Port Kells.
Riverside.
Robson.
Steveston.
Salmon Arm.
Sumas.
Sicamous.
St. Elmo.
Surrey Centre.
Shortreed.
Salt Spring Island.
Turgoose.
Vernon.
Westholme.
Young. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
65
JOHN HENDRY,
President.
DAVID McNAIR, C. M. BEECHER
Land Commissioned Vice-President.
ibor &, I racling I/O,,
-■W2JOLE SiLLB-
Lumber Manufacturers and Merchants,
Head Office, Hastings Saw Mill, - - VANCOUVER.
HASTINGSSAW MILL,
BURRARD   INLET.
Vessels Chartered  for all  the  Usual  Lumber  Ports.    Cargoes  of
Rough   and   Dressed   Lumber.     Timber  and   Spars
Supplied   with   Utmost   Despatch.
Lumber Yard, North End of Dunlevy Avenue.
RICHARD H. ALEXANDER, - Local Manager.
Roy
aning Mills Branch,
Wholesale & Retail Lumber Yard, False Creek,
Foot of Carrall Street.
R. C. FERGUSON, - - Local Manager.
Hastings Mill Store,
North End of Dunlevy Avenue,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
.   O-
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Hand-Loggers' and Camp Supplies—a full range always on hand.
Snips' Stores in Bond.      Inspection Invited.
TOWING STEAMERS—Active, Comet, Belle.   15 Scows & Barges.
oya
NEW WESTMINSTER BRANCH,
PI        ■ ft!8!!
IdMiriM  lYSlllS
Wholesale and Retail Lumber Yards, Richard St.
R. JARDINE, - - Local Manager. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
B. C. HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY &
FRUIT GROWERS ASSOCIATION.
Vancouve r.—President, W. J. Harris. 1st Vice-President, T. Cunningham. 2nd Vice-President, N. Butchart.
Secretary-Treasurer, A. H. B. Mac-
gowan.
AGRICULTURAL   ASSOCIATIONS.
B. C. Agricultural Association,
V i c t o r i a.—President, W. H. Ellis.
Treasurer, G. A. McTavish. Secretary,
W. H. Bambridge.
Vancouver
President, W. T.
Association.—
Salsbury. Vice-Presi
dent, H. F. Ceperley.   Secretary, A. H.
B. Magown.
Chilliwhack Association.—
President, G. W. Gillanders. Treasurer, S. Willard. Secretary, G. W. Chad-
sey.
Land Regulations.
Any person, being the head of a family,
a widow or single man over 18 years of
age, being a British subject, or alien purposing to become a British subject, can
pre-empt 160 acres at $1.00 per acre ; but
no Crown grant can issue until the pre-
emptor or his family shall have bona-fide
occupied the pre-emption not less than
two years ; and further, in the case of an
alien, until he has become a British subject. Two months leave of absence under
the Land Act, and an additional four
months for sufficient cause, when applied
for to the Chief Commissioner, can be
had in each year till Crown grant is obtained. A certificate of improvement,
showing that the claim has been improved to the extent of $2.50 per acre, is
necessary before Crown graDt can be
issued.
Timber and hay lands can be leased
from the government, the former for not
more than twenty-one and the latter for
not more than five years. Timber lands
pay a yearly rental of ten cents per acre,
and a royalty of 50 cents per 1,000 feet on
all logs cut. Leases of land for other
purposes may also be granted by the
Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council.
British   Columbia Timber.
PRINCIPAL   TREES.
Alder.
Arbutus.
Birch.
Cedar.
Crab Apple.
Cypress, Yellow.
Fir, Red.
Hemlock.
Maple.
Oak.
Pine, White.
Spruce.
White Thorn.
Yew.
QUALITIES OP A PEW VARIETIES.
Douglas Sprue e.—Good for lumber, planks, framing, bridging, ties,
masts and spars.
Western Hemloc k.—Of great
height, makes good lumber, bark for
tanning.
Englemann Spruce. — Tall,
straight, good wood and durable.
Menzies Sprue e.—A very large
tree, wood white, and used for general
purposes.
Balsam   Spruce. — Building, etc.
White and Red Pine. — Also
used for building and general purposes.
Black   Pin e.—Only for rough work.
Western Cedar. —Valuable for
shingles.   Is very durable.
Yellow Oeda r.—Fine grained, used
in boat building, etc.
Western Larch (Tamarac). —
A large tree—strong durable wood.
TIMBER   LICENfoES.
Unlicensed persons, except for farm or
mining purposes, etc., are not permitted
to cut trees on Crown lands. A timber
license may be granted for 1000 acres for
four years on payment of $10 annually,
and 15 cents for each tree (except hemlock) felled, payable half-yearly. No person can hold more than one license at the
same time, and it is not transferable.
Mill-owners cannot saw logs taken from
Crown lands (in which are included lands
leased at less than 10 cents an acre) until
the timber dues of 20 cents per thousand
feet, board measure, are paid.
Any person desirous of obtaining a
special timber license, shall comply with
the following provisions :—
(a.) He shall first stake out the land
sought to be included in such special
license in the manner prescribed by
the law relating to the purchase of
land from the Crown: HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
67
ITHOGRAPHING AND ENGRAVING, BOOK k JOB PRINTING,
Salmon and Fruit Label Printin
li
In every style of the art are executed on The Colonist Presses at fair prices. The
best of material, j he most capable workmen and careful attention
to work has earned for the product of The Colonist Presses a provincial reputation.
THE COLONIST PRINTING & PUBLISHING COMPANY, LD.
VICTORIA, B. C.
o-
-THE-
-o
The Weekly edition of the Times is a 16-page paper; containing all the news of
the week, general, provincial and city.   It is the only independent political paper in British Columbia, and has a very large circulation
within the Province.
Subscription, $2 per annum in advance ; postage in addition to foreign countries.
THE TIMES P. & P. CO., Victoria, B.C.
LAMGLI
oil
Wholesale and Retail Druggists,
21 & 23 YATES STREET,
n
. -   W. S. SANTO & CO., \
importers and dealers in
I»x»oT7"ijsioj3LJS etixc3L Farm   Produce,
Fancy Groceries and Provisions, Cheese, Hams, Bacon, Fruit, Fish, Teas,
Coffee, Sugar, Spice, Pickles and a General Assortment of Fancy Groceries.
THE TRADE AND FAMILIES SUPPLIED.
Capitol and other Popular Brands of Flour on Hand. 68
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
(&.) He shall, after making the application
for the special license, publish for a
period of thirty days in tbe British
Columbia Gazette, and in any newspaper circulating in the district in
which the lands lie, notice of his application for such license, and shall in
such notice give the best description
of the land applied for, specifying
metes and bounds and such further
particulars,if any, as maybe required
by the Chief Commissioner.
A special timber license is not granted
for a larger area than 1,000 acres of land,
or for a longer period than one year.
The license is not transferable, and may
be surrendered at any time. No person
is entitled to more than one special
license at the same time. The licensee is
required to pay to the Chief Commissioner, for the use of Her Mrjesty, the sum of
$50.00 for said license ; payment to be
made upon the granting of the license.
Leases of surveyed unpre-empted
Crown timber lands may be obtained for
a period not to exceed 21 years, to eny
person, persons, or corporation duly
authorized in that behalf, for the purpose
of cutting spars, timber, or lumber, and
actually engaged in those pursuits, who
have tendered the highest cash bonus,
subject to the payment of an annual rental of 10 cents per acre, and of a royalty of
50 cents per thousand feet on the scaled
measurement of the logs cut on the leased premises. The lease shall contain
provisions binding the lessee to erect in
such part of the Province, as may be approved by the Chief Commissioner of
Lands and Works, a lumber mill appurtenant to the limit, and capable of cutting
not less than one thousand feet of lumber in inch boards per day of twelve
hours for each and every four hundred
acres of land inclnded in such lease ; and
any such lease is subject to any general
stipulations which the Lieutenant-Gov-
ernor-in-Council may see tit to impose.
Any tender which may be made by any
person who is not the owner of the properly equipped saw mill in some part of
the Province appurtenant to the limit
desired, will not be considered unless accompanied by a certified cheque equal to
10 oents per acre for each and every acre
contained in the limit tendered for, as a
guarantee for the erection of a suitable
mill within two years.
Tbe Climate.
The climate of the Pacific Province is
spoken of by all who visit this coast as
one of its great attaactions; it can hardly
fail to please since there are several climates to chose from. The person who
cannot stand cold weather and shudders
at the sight of ice, can find ample space
for enterprise or temptation to idleness
in a land that might have suggested
"The Lotos Eaters." On reaching Vancouver Island or the coast line of the
mainland, like them, he need "no longer
roam," for there he will find a climate
such as he desires.
"What strikes an Englishman most
about the climate is its serenity, the absence of the biting east winds, and the
less need than in England of an umbrella during the spring, summer, and
the prolonged autumn. He notices, also,
with surprise and pleasure, that rainy
weather here does not tend to depress
the spirits as it does in England. The
invigorating quality of the climate remains throughout the year.
"The cool nights in Vancouver Island,
and in all parts of the Province, freshens
the heat-worn, denizens of California and
the Atlantic States. Such visitors linger
before leaving the Province, and long to
return."
Opinions of residents :
The climate is very good, only one man
has died near Ainsworth in 5 years.
Robert Green, Ainsworth.
Splendid climate and very healthy.
Mrs. H. P. Cornwall, Ashcroft.
The climate is somewhat humid. In
summer however, the weather is delightful.   Good health reigns supreme.
S. A. Spencer, Alert Bay
Cannot be beaten—we have no doctor-
and need none.
Philip Gindkr, Big Bar Creek.
The climate cannot be beaten for tourists and health-seekers.
Alex. McDonnell, Blue Springs.
Good for health.    Dry winter and summer here.   Attractive for pleasure seek-*
ers. Gilbert Blair, Coutlee.
Best in the whole world.
Jos. S. Place, Dog Creek.
, As healthy as any in the world.   The
finest climate for consumptive people.
J. R. J. Brown, Empire Valley. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
69
GEO. H. WILLIAMS, Prop.
COLUMBIA  STREET,
Tourist Hotel of Westminster.
FEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
«LJSLJL\3 JLJL>>
HULL BROS. & CO.'S BRANCH SHOPS,
Victoria Crescent, NANAIMO, B. C.
Calgary, Canmore, N.W.T., Anthrasite, N.W.T., Banff, N.W.T., Golden, N.W.T.
Donald, B.C., Revelstoke, Nanaimo, Wellington, Kamloops.
PURVEYORS   OF  MEATS,
English Cured B. C. Bacon, Lard, Home Rendered Lard.
ALL STALL FED CATTLE. Telephone No. 7-9.
THE REMINGTON
tandard
Typewriter
The Best Machine in the World.
Hi    M. W, WAITT & CO.,
64 Government St.,   .
Agents, VICTORIA.
W. MUNSIE.
N
§
III
E. MORRISON.
I        ,
Ju   JJU1U
u
JJII.
T. ELFORD
u
w
Uoug
Ewen Morrison, Manager.
MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF
T
1 (j
ressed ueciar
Rustic Clapboards, Flooring, Mouldings, Lath, Shingles, etc., kept in Stock
or Cut to Order.
Yard : Discovery Street, between Store and Government St.,
Address all communications to P. O. Box 98.
VICTORIA, B. C.
i HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Dry and healthy. Plenty of hot springs
here. S. Brewer, Fairmont Springs.
Excellent for persons in poor health
who will give it a fair trial.
Chas. A. Warren, Golden.
Climate unexcelled.
Geo. Ford, Hornby Island.
Very fine climate for health.
T. F. Frtjswell, Huntingdon.
Climate mild all through the year.
Sickness practically unknown here.
Jas. Wardle, Hope.
Could not be better for health seekers.
A. C. McArthur, Hlecillewaet.
No sickness has ever appeared here.
Ernest Spraggett, Kettle River.
The climate is good, I don't think it
can be beaten anywhere.
C. M. O'Keepe, Okanagan.
Climate perfect. Very healthy. Much
sought after by invalids and pleasure
seekers.
W. T. Collenson, Plumper Pass.
Could not be excelled.
John Latta, Port Kells.
The climate is exceedingly good, and
is very suitable for health-seekers.
Robt. Scott, Rockford.
Climate excellent, dry and healthy.
J. H. McNab, Savonas Ferry.
During the two years I have been here
the health of the place has been excellent. Wm. Mashiter, Squamish.
None healthier.
John Muir, Sooke.
Best of climate and healthy.
R. Shortreed, Shortreed.
Healthy except for the doctors,
Nicholas Cocola, St. Eugene Mission.
The climate is very healthy, and there
is very little sickness here.
Jas. Mellis, Terra Rosa.
The climate is unexcelled for invalids.
Laura McDodd, Van Winkle.
Fresh evidence in regard to the climate
of British Columbia will be published
each month.
INDUSTRIES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Agassi z.—Saw and shingle mill.
A1 b e r n i.—Paper mill and saw mill.
Ashcroft. — Flour mill, carriage
works.
Alert   B a y.—Saw mill.
B e a v e r.—Two saw mills.
Big   Bar   Cree k.—Two flour mills,
one saw mill.
Burrard Inle t.—Saw mill, sash
and door factory and shingle mill.
B a 1 f o u r.—Three saw mills and one
smelter.    *
Blue   Spring s.—Saw mill.
Beaver   Poin t.—Two saw mills.
Beaver   Cree k.—Saw milL
Chemainu s.—Saw mill.
Chilliwhack .—Three saw mills,
carriage works, flour mill, brick yard,
fruit cannery and cheese factory.
C o u 11 e e.—Two flour mills, two small
saw mills.
Clover   Valle y.—Logging.
Chilcote n.—Saw mill and two flour
mills.
Cobble   Hil 1.—Lime kilns.
Duncan s.—Carriage works, saw mill
and pump factory.
Dog   Cree k.—Saw and flour mill.
Esquimal t.—Dry dock and ship repairing.
Empire   Valle y.—Saw and flour
mill.
E n d e r 1 y.—Flour mill.
French   Cree k.—Making dog fish
oiL
Fairmount     Springs. — Saw
mill.
Fort   Simpso n.—Saw mills.
Goldstrea m.—Saw mill.
G o 1 d e n.—Two saw mill and smelter.
G e n o a.—Saw mill.
Hornby Islan d.—Saw and shingle*
mill.
Huntingdon .—Saw   and   planing
mill.
Kamloops. —Carriage  works,   saw
mill, tannery and soda water works.
Kettle   Rive r.—Flour mill.
Ladner's Landin g.—Oil factory
and saw mill.
Lower   Nicola.—Flour  and  saw
mill.
L i 11 o o e t.—Flour and saw mill. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
71
McLE]
& McFEEDf,
Cor. Government & Johnson Sts.,
VICTORIA, - - B. C.
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN
Mantels, Grates and  Hearth Tiles,
House Furnishings, Hard-ware.
Sole Agents for the Celebrated
Jubilee   Range.
JOHN LECKIE §
531 Granville St.,    |        VANCOUVER, B.C.
—IMPORTER   OF—-
Fishing Supplies.       Cotton Ducks.      Twines.      Oiled Clothing.
. Ropes.       Blocks.       Flags.       Bunting, Etc.
A Full Stock Always on Hand.
AGENT—For W. and J. Knox's Celebrated double Knot and Cured Salmon
Nets, Twine, Etc.
TheOCClDENTAL
Cor. Wharf and Johnson Sts.,
R. H. BERRYMAN, Proprietor.
This Hotel is in the very center of the
business portion of the city. The travelling public will find this to be the most
convenient as well as the most comfortable and respectable in the city.
Rates: $1 to $1.50 per day, according to
room.
Hot and cold water baths.   Bar and Billiard room attached.   Bass' xxxx 8
year old Ale  on   Draught.
P. O. BOX 465. VICTORIA, B. C.
532 Hastings St., Vancouver, B.C.
WHOLESALE IMPOBTERS OF
WINES&SP1RITS
AGENTS FOR
Gonzalez, Byass & Co., Jerez de la Fron-
tera.
Hunt, Raspe, Teage & Co., Oporto.
Barkhoueen & Co., Bordeaux.
W. J. ORR.        P. O. BOX 67.     ED. RENDBLIi.
Orr   &   Rendell, §§
BOOT AND SHOE EMPORIUM
Commercial St., Nanaimo.
Repairing neatly and promptly executed.
W. VanHouten. A. E. Randle.
VanHouten &  Randle,
HARDWARE    MERCHANTS,
Stoves,   Tinware,   Paints,   Oils,
Varnishes, Etc.
Tel. 3-2. Commercial St., Nanaimo. 72
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mis/sion City. —Sash and door
fa/tory.
M/unt Pleasant. —Lager beer
/orewery, nail and bolt factory and tannery, soda water factory.
ew Westminster. — 6 boat
builders, 1 book bindery, 1 box factory,
2 iron works, 1 brick yard, 5 carriage
works, 1 cigar factory, 3 cornice works,
3 foundries and machine shops, 2 furniture factories, 1 galvanized sheet iron
works, 1 marble works, 3 lumber mills,
3 shingle mills, 1 woolen mill, 2 planing
mills, 2 sash and door factories, 1 soda
water factory, 1 tannery.
N a n a i m o.—2 boat builders, 1 boot
and shoe factory, 1 brick yard, 1 candy
factory, 2 carriage works, 1 cigar factory, 3 coal mines, 2 foundries and machine shops, 1 iron works, 1 marble
works, 1 Lumber mill, 1 shingle mill, 1
pottery, 1 sash and door factory, 1 soap
factory, 2 soda water factories, 1 tau-
nery, 2 brewries.
Nicola Lak e.—Roller flour mills,
shingle, planing and saw mills.
Northfiel d.—Powder and dynamite
factory.
New   Denve r.—Two saw mills.
Pilot Bay. — Extensive smelter
works, 1 brick yard.
Port   Hane y.—Large brick yards.
Rivers   Inle t.—Saw mill.
Riverside. —Sash, door and blind
factory.
Revelstok e.—Lumber mills, smelter, and 1 brewery.
Rookf or d.—Saw mill.
Silverdal e.—Saw and planing mill.
S a n d w i c k.—Saw and planing mill.
S i d n e y.—Saw mill.
S a m a s.—Saw mill.
S o o k e.—Saw mill.
Shortree d.—Saw mill.
St. Eugene Missi on . — Saw
and flour mill.
Tappen   Sidin g.—Saw mill.
Vernon.—Brewery, brick yard, saw
mill, jam and fruit canning factory.
V i c t o r i a.—Coffee and spice mills,
15 boat builders, boot and shoe factory,
2 box factories, brass foundry, 5 breweries, 5 brick yards, brush factory, 5
candy factories, 11 carriage factories, 8
cigar factories, 2 clothing manufactories, 1 cooperage, 2 cornice factories, 2
engine and boiler works, 4 foundries
and machine shops, 2 furniture factories, 1 jam factory, 4 marble works, 9
lumber mills, 2 flour mills, 1 shingle
mill, 1 planing mill, 1 pottery, 1 powder
factory, 6 printing offices, 2 sail lofts, 5
sash and door factories, 2 soap factories, 3 soda water factories, 1 tannery, 1
vinegar factory, 2 book binderies, 1
fruit cannery, 1 match factory.
Vancouve r.—5 boat builders, 2 boiler works, 2 book binderies, 3 breweries,
2 brick yards, 2 candy factories, 4 carriage factories, 1 cigar factory, 1 clothing manufactory, 1 cornice factory, 3
foundries and machine shops, 1 fruit
cannery, 2 furniture factories, 2 iron
works, 1 marble works, 11 lumber mills,
4 shingle mills, 1 sail loft, 6 sash and
door factories, 3 soap factories, 1 soda
water factory, 1 sugar refinery.
Wellingto n.—Saw mill.
Y o u n g.—Saw mill.
The Fish of  British Columbia.
FOOD  ETSH.
1 Halibut,
3 BltKss2^^' i <*>mmonly called
4 Cod )      Bo0'k Cod
5 Cod'(2 kinds),
6 Cod—kelp Trout,
7 Black Cod,
8 Whiting,
9 Tom Cod,
10 Hake,
11 Flounders (3 kinds),
12 Herring,
13 Oolachan,
14 Smelts (2 kinds),
15 Anchovy,
16 Capelin,
17 Shad,
18 Skate (2 kinds),
19 Salmon (5 kinds),
20 Trout (2 kinds),
21 Sturgeon,
22 Prawns,
23 Crabs (2 species),
24 Lobsters (small burrowing kind of no
econonic value),
25 Clam (3 kinds),
26 Cockle,
27 Whelk (3 kinds),
28 Oysters (3 kinds),
29 Mussels. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SHEL jL ON
Co.,
518 and 520 Hastings St., VANCOUVER, B.C.
DEALERS IN
CARPETS, LINOLEUMS, BLINDS & PICTURES.
Largest and   Best Assorted Stock in the City.
FURNITURE AND CARPETS
Just received a Large Stock of
CARPETS   AND   RUGS !
We still continue the cost Cash Sale of
Everything in Stock.
Call and Be Convinced.
 P.  PEEBLES,	
o-
•o
Of Eighth (Douglas) Street.
THE TORONTO SHOE STORE,
New Westminster, B.C.,
The place for all kinds  of reliable Footwear, Leather and Rubber Goods,
At Prices heretofore unknown in
British Columbia.
A call solicited.
M. W. MINTHORN.
McColl's old stand, Columbia St.
CRESCENT STORE,
Importers & Dealers in
Staple & Fancy Dry Goods
Millinery, Mantles and   Gents'
Furnishings,
NANAIMO,        -        S        B. C.
-N ANAIMO-
STEAM DYE WORKS
Frank Charlton, Prop.
Nevil Street. NANAIMO.
Cleaning, Scouring and Dyeing in all its branches,
Gents' Clothing Cleaned, Dyed andBepaired.
Ladies' Dresses and Curtains cleaned by our n ew
process.   Feathers cleaned dyed and curled.
Gloves cleaned.
Strangers Should Not Fail to Visit
Summerset House,
The Pleasure Resort of Wellir. gton,
About two miles out, along a beautiful
drive.
J. D. DIXON, Proprietor.
H
1US
BOAT BUILDERS.
All Kinds of Pleasure Boats to Hire in
Yachts, Pic-Nic, Single and Double
Scull,   Out-Riggers,   Etc.
Boats of Every Description Built to Order
Boat House, Foot of Cambie Street,
Next to Lumber Yard.
P. O. 187.
VANCOUVER, B. C. 74
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
OIL-PRODUCING FISH.
1 Dog-fish,
2 Tope Shark,
3 Rabbit-fish,
4 Basking Shark,
5 Whale (2 kinds),
6 porpoise,
7 Seal (2 kinds),
8 Sea Lion,
9 Sea Otter,
10 Lutra Canadensis, or Land Otter.
SA I i U ON PACK.
YEAR. CASES.
1876  9,847
1877  67,387
1878 113,601
1879  61,093
1880  61,849
1881 177,276
1882 255,061
1883 196,292
1884 141,242
1885 108,517
1886 161,264
1887 204,083
1888 184,040
1889 414,294
1890 409,464
1891 314,893
1892 228,470
British   Columbia    Canneries  and
Canning'   Companies.
eraser river. Agents.
B.C. Packing Co.. Bell-Irving & Patterson
Bon Accord Fishing Co... R. Ward & Co.
Bon Accord Fishing Co. No. 2        ' \
Ewen & Co  "
Laidlaw fe Co R. P. Rithet & Co.
Delta Canning Co  "
Harlock Packing Co.. "
Wadhams, E. A...Bell-Irving & Patterson
Canadian Pacific Pkg Co.. R. Ward & Co.
Hunt & Costello Dalby & Claxton
Wilson & Co Turner, Beeton & Co.
Short & Co.
Lulu Island Canning Co.
Terra Nova Canning Co.
Beaver Canning Co J. H. Todd & Son
Phoenix Pkg Co.. Bell-Irving & Patterson
C. G. Hobson & Co.. Turner, Beeton & Co.
Canoe Pass Canning Co	
 A.B.F. Pkg Co., Vancouver
Duncan Batohelor & Co.
Wellington Pkg Co.... R. P. Rithet & Co.
British Am. Pkg Co Bell-IrviDg & P.
SKEENA RIVER.
British Am. Pkg Co Bell-Irving & P.
R. Cunningham R. P. Rithet & Co.
North Pacific Pkg Co...Dalby & Claxton
Standard Pkg Co R. P. Rithet & Co.
Balmoral Can'g Co.. Turner, Beeton & Co.
Royal Canadian Dalby & Claxton
Richmond Pkg Co J. H. Todd & Son
B.C. Fishing Co	
 Findlay, Durham & Brodie
Inverness Can'g Co.. Turner,Beeton & Co.
NAAS RIVER.
R. Draney.
Victoria Packing Co... . Findlay, D. & B.
Wannuck Packing Co.. R. P. Rithet & Co.
Rivers Inlet Canning Co.. Findlay, D. & B.
Alert Bay Canning Co T. Earle
Price's Preserving and Canning Co.,
Gardner's Inlet.
SALMON  PACK,  1892.
Pack by Canneries.
ERASER RIVER. Cases.
Ewen & Co  7,800
Bon Accord Fishery Co  7,960
Anglo-British Columbia Pkg Co.. 31,917
British Columbia Canning Co.... 1,758
Victoria Canning Co  14,313
Richmond Canning Co  3,483
Beaver Canning Co  9,039
Terra Nova Canning Co  3,945
SKEENA RIVER.
British Columbia Canning Co.... 11,680
Inverness Canning Co  11,181
Balmoral Canning Co  11,255
Victoria Canning Co  10,766
Skeena Packing Co  11,073
Anglo-British Columbia Can'g Co. 22,500
Royal Canadian Packing Co  11,325
ALERT   BAT.
Alert Bay Canning Co     3,598
NAAS RIVER.
A. J. McLellan  11,000
British Columbia Canning Co.... 7,022
Victoria Canning Co     7,412
RIVERS INLET.
British Columbia Canning Co.... 10,248
Wannuck Packing Co     4,'8 /8
LOWE INLET.
Lowe Inlet Packing Co     8,161
Gardner's inlet.
Price's Packing Co     6,156
Total pack 1892 228,470
"        '    1891 314,893
"       "    1890 409,464 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
75
For the Finest and Best Footwear in the
City, go to
Mills & Bethune,
20 Cordova Street, VANCOUVER, B. C.
SIGN OF THE BIG BOTTLE.
o—J. C. DOUGLAS,—o
Wine and Spirit   Merchant, Wholesale
and Retail, 242 Cordova Street,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. Box 245. Telephone 258.
D. CAMPBELL & CO.
The Leading Government Street
Three doors from the Post Office.
The Largest and Best Assorted Stock
West of Toronto.   Remember
the Place and Number.
•88 Government Street,       Victoria, B. C.
H. E. Croasdaile & Go,
LAND AND FINANCIAL
AGENTS,
Properties Bought & Sold
42 FORT STREET,
VICTORIA,       -       B. C.
DEPOT HOTEL,
Opposite C. P. R. Depot,
Columbia St., New Westminster, B. C.
First-Class Accommodation. Charges Moderate.
P. O. BILODEAU, - PROPRIETOR.
52 Rooms—lighted by gas and electricity
All modern conveniences.
Rates from $1 upwards, according to room
P.O. Box 127.
The Leading Boot & Shoe Store.
Dealer  in   Ladies', Gents',  Misses'
and Childrens'
Boots   and    Shoes,
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Custom   Work   and    Repairing
Neatly Done.
13 Cordova St., Vancouver, B. C.
The Japanese Bazaar !
Great Variety ol  Porcelains,
Curios, Ivory, Sandal Wood, Silks,
Dressing Gowns, Etc.
TEAS,    RICE,    MATCHES,
CIGARS.
T.  S.  FUTCHER,
41 Fort Street,       Victoria, B. C.
C, A. LOMBARDS CO..
Pioneer Music Store of B. G.
DIRECT IMPORTERS OP
Pianos, Organs and Musical
Instruments.
71 GOVERNMENT STREET,
Victoria, B. (\ If"
76
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Pack
:by Districts.
1892
1891
1890
Fraser River..
80,215
178,954
241,889
Skeena River.
89,780
78,135
90,995
Naas River....
. 25,434
10 323
23,906
Rivers Inlet...
15,126
34,924
32,961
Lowe Inlet....
.    8,161
8,031
6,087
Gardner's Inlet   6,156
3,876
3,719
Bute Inlet....
2.627
Alert Bay	
3,598
650
7,280
Total ...
.228,470
314,893
409,464
Salmon Shipments in Detail.
England—
1892
1891
1890
London	
61,864
122,850 )
97,911 j
• 293,393
Liverpool...
.101,447
Canada	
. 59,350
60,950
78,566
Australia	
.    1,498
23,534
29,162
United States.
350
50
Orient	
350
Local Sales and
Stocks on hand   4,311
8,948'
314,893
8,293
Total...
.228,470
409,464
Salmon Fleet, Season 1892.
Sailed
Martha Fisher. .Oct. 18... .34,002
Glengarry Nov.   3... .37,352
Chili Dec. 15... 30,093
Liverpool direct  101,447
The Frederick. .Dec. 18... .32,403
Riyer Ganges.. .Dec. 19... .29,461
London direct  61,864
Total shipments per sailing
vessels  163,311
Seal  Hunting-.
Sealing Fleet of 1891.—49   vessels-
tonnage 3,342 tons, 16 canoes, 384 boats,
696 whites, 356 Indians.
CATCH.
Lower Coast  4,127 Skins
Upper Coast 17,443     "
Behring Sea 28,847     "
Indian canoes  1,549     "
Catch off Kurile Islands....     399     "
52,365
Sealing Fleet of 1892:—Victoria—64
vessels, tonnage 4,465 tons, 244 canoes,
275 boats, 957 whites, 488 Indians.
Sealing Fleet of 1892:—Vancouver—6
vessels, tonnage 274 tons, crews 111 men.
Education in British Columbia.
STATISTICS EOR 1892.
Total number of pupils enrolled. .10,773
Average daily attendance  6,227
Total number of teachers employed    228
Number of schools in operation...     149
CLASSIFICATION.
High Schools     4
Graded Schools  14
Ward Schools     7
Rural Schools 124
149
Expenditure for the year-
Teachers'   Salaries $148,377 22
Incidental Expenses—
Rural Schools       5,205 76
Education Office       7,044 82
$160,627 80
An average of $25.79 for each pupil based
on average daily attendance.
Statement   of   total   expenditdre for
Education during 1892.
School Houses :$ 43,497 20
Furniture, repairs, &o, rural
districts       3,695 38
Educatian   proper
as above $160,627 80
Less refund from
city districts....    34,441 85 126,185 95
$173,378 53
COMPARATIVE    STATEMENT.
1872.       1882. 1892.
Number of schools 14.         48 149
Pupils enrolled...412       2,653 10,773
Teachers employed 16          62 228
Expenditure—1872,     $11,575.12; 1882,
$49,268.63; 11892,  $160,627.80.
Average per pupil—1872,$57.20 ; 1882,
$36,26; 1892, 25.79.
TRADE AMD SHIPPING.
The report of the British Columbia
Board of Trade for 1892 says:—"The
short pack of salmon, followed by exceptionally low prices ; the peremptory
closing of sealing in Behring Sea in the
middle of the hunting season of 1891;
the collapse of the South American
lumber markets, and the slackness of
the California coal trade, have all combined to injuriously affect the trade of
the year under review. However, notwithstanding snch adverse conditions it HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
77
JOSEPH SEARS,
Established 1876.
PAINTER,
GLAZIER,
PAPER HANGER.
—DEALER IN-
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Brushes, Window
Glass, Plate Glass and Wall Papers.
J.
CHEMISTS
Co,
114 Yates Street,
Victoria, B. C.
Shawnigan  Lake Hotel,
Shawnigan Late. Vancouver Island, E.&N.R.R.
The best fishing and hunting to be found on the
Island. A.)so furnished cottages to be let by the
week or moDth. Skiffs and pleasure boats for
hire at Victoria rates; charming scenery; the first
station on the line for refreshments; every train
stops at the door of the hotel. Geo.Koentg, Prop
European and American Plan.
THOS. GUINEAN,   -   Proprietor.
E5£& Seatt I e, W n.
All modern improvements. First-class in every
 respect.	
Estimates   Given   on   Shortest  Notice.
H. HATCH,
PRACTICAL
Tin,   Sheet  Iron and   Copper
Worker.
Chimney Tops and Ventilators, Roofing,
Hot Air Furnaces and Stove Repairing.
All kinds of Jobbing   Promptly  Done.
Copper Smithing and Ship Work a
Specialty.
34 Powell St.     Vancouver, B. C.
 AND	
DRUGGISTS,
68 Douglas Street, Victoria, B. C.
ZEE.   -A..   IjITaT.BY,
Ice Cream Parlors and City Candy Factory.
Manufacturer of all.kinds of Plain and Fancy
Candies, also Importer and Dealer in Foreign
and Domestic Fruit, Nuts, Cigars, etc.
105 Douglas St., bet. Johnson & Pandora.
o—B.   F.   HENEY,—o
HARNESS,
Saddlery, Trunks, Valises, Etc.
326 Cordova Street,
VANCOUVER,
B. C.
-o—BAILEY    BROS.,—o—
Booksellers & Stationers. Picture Frames
and Mouldings.     Landscape Photographic Views of C. P. R. from
Ocean to Ocean.
ES
D   S
304  CORDOVA ST.,
Vancouver,      -      -      B. C
ARTISTIC TAILORS,
62 Yates St. Victoria, B. C.
158-162 Cordova St.
Vancouver.
Established 1862.
THOMAS SH0TB0LT,
^TTTji/rTnrn o TYnnnmnm
jiiljlL
59 Johnson Street,
p. o. box 212.
VICTORIA, - B. 0. '8
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
-
is satisfactory to find that the Customs
returns for the Province exceed those of
the previous year, which were the most
favorable on record."
Reference to the export and import
returns will show the steady and satisfactory growth of trade in the Province.
The heaviest imports in the shape of
agricultural products into British Columbia are as follows:—Horned cattle,
horses, sheep, lard, bacon and hams,
mutton, pork, flour, canned goods,
butter, cheese, malt, poultry, eggs, potatoes, wheat.
Out of a total annual import value of
$1,792,970 of agricultural products, on
which an amount of $178,411.19 was paid
in duty the above articles represented
the sum of $1,414,441 in value and
$143,111.83 in duty, showing the need of
an increase in the farming population—
British Columbia is capable of raising
her own food supplies instead of importing them so largely as at present.
The exports of British Columbia in
1892 were as follows:—
The Mines $2,979,470
The Fisheries  2,351,083
The Forest      425,278
Animals and their Produce      390,854
Agricultural Produce        25,018
Manufactures      117,942
Miscellaneous       31,976
Not the Produce of the Province    253,368
$6,574,989
Imports.
1882 Total imports into B. C..
1891 do do   ..
1892 do do   ..
Exports.
1882 Total exports from B. C.
1891
1892
do
do
do
do
.$3,348,991
. 5,478,883
. 6,495,589
.$3,080,841
. 6,257,158
. 6,574,989
BOARDS OF TRADES  IN   BRITISH
COLUMBIA.
V i c t o r i a.—President, Thos. B. Hall.
Vice-President, A. C. Flumerfelt. Secretary, F. Ellworthy.
Vancouver. —Geo. E. Bertaux, President. T. J. Salesbury, Vice-President.
A. H. B. Macgowan, Secretary.
Kanaim o.—President, J. H. Pleace.
Vice-President, W. H. S. Perkins. Secretary-Treasurer, M. Wolfe.
New Westminster .—President,
T. J. Trapp. Vice-President, Wm.
Wolfenden. Secretary-Treasurer, D.
Robson.
BANKS   AND   BANKERS.
V i c t o r i a.—Bank of British Columbia,
Bank of Montreal, Green, Worlock &
Co., Bank of British North America.
Vancouve r.—Bank of British Columbia, Bank of Montreal, Bank of
British North America, Wulfpohn &
Berwick, Casement & Creary.
New Westminster. — Bank of
British Columbia, Bank of Montreal.
Nanaimo .—Bank of British Columbia.
Kamloop s.—Bank of British Columbia.
Nelso n.—Bank of British Columbia,
Bank of Montreal.
BANK   HOLIDAYS.
New Years, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Queen's Birthday, Dominion Day,
Thanksgiving Day, Christmas, also any
day appointed by proclamation for a
general fast or thanksgiving.
SAVINGS   BANKS.
V i c t o r i a.—Dominion Savings Bank.
POST     OFFICE     SAVINGS    BANKS.
Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster,
Nanaimo, Kamloops, Ashcroft Station,
Chilliwhack, Comox, Ladner's Landing,
Nicola Lake, Port Hammond, Quami-
chan, Wellington.
MONEY ORDER OFFICES.
BEITISH COLUMBIA.
Agassiz, Alberni, Ashcroft, Barkerville,
Burgoyne, Bay, Chilliwack, Chemainus,
Clinton, Comox, Corfield, Coutlee, Donald, Duncan's Station, Enderby, Esquimalt, Field, Golden, Hope, Kamloops,
Ladner's Landing, Lulu Island, Langley,
Lytton, Mission City, Nanaimo, New
Westminster, Nicola Lake, Plumper
Pass, Port Hammond, Quesnelle, Revel-
stoke, Soda Creek, Spence's Bridge,
Sumas, Union, Vancouver, Vernon, Victoria, Wellington. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
79
Innes & Richards,
REAL ESTATE,
Financial and Insurance
VANCOUVER
THE WILSON
90-92-94 Yates Street.
Sixty rooms, single and in suites.
Baths with hot and cold water on each
floor.
Electric bells and Electric lights throughout the house.
The Restaurant in connection with
the hotel
IS EXCLUSIVELY FIRST-CLASS.
OFFICE TEL- 256.
RESIDENCE TEL. 342.
SAM.    GINTZBURGER,
TOBACCONIST,
Holland Block, Junction of Water and
Cordova Streets,
Smokers supplies in every branch.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Telephone 408.
-THOMAS  VEITCH,
519 Homer St., Vancouver.
-O
All kinds of Teaming done. Heavy Work
a Specialty.
Heavy Draught Horses for Sale.
A. Murray Beattie,
Real Estate and General Auctioneer,
Appraiser and Notary Public.
Lessee of the Market and City Waigh Scales,Sales
conducted in the City or District, Real Estate and
Cattle Sales a Specialty, Advances made on all
kinds of Goods, regular Fruit and Produce Sales,
on Fridays, the Market day appointed by the City,
also General Auction Sale, same day. a Register of
Farm Lands for Sale in the Province kept.
P. O. BOX 392.
Westminster Avenue,    VANCOUVER. B.C.
WATSON & GEIGER,
Plumbers, Gas, Steam and Hot Water
Fitters.
ESTIMATES FURNISHED.
69 Pandora Street, Victoria, B. C.
W. COLLIER, Prop.
Centrally Located.   Newly Furnished.   Choicest
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
CORNER  COLUMBIA AND ALEXANDER STREETS,
P. O. Box 101. New Westminster.
r>. j. Mclean & co.,
DEALER IN
Clothing, Hats, Caps and Gents'
Furnishings.
18 Cordova Street.
VANCOUVER. 80
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
FOR£IGN   CONSULS.
United State s.—Levi W. Meyers,
Victoria. F. Pierce, Counsular Agent,
Vancouver. W. B. Dennison, Counsular Agent, Nanaimo.
German y.—Carl Lowenberg, Victoria.
Franc e.—1ST. P. Snowden, Victorio.
Norway   &   Swede n.—E.   Ward,
•Victoria.     B.    Spring,    Vice-Consul,
Moodyville.
J a p a n. Kito, Vancouver.
H a w a i i.—E. P. Bithet, Victoria.
BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
Messrs. Heisterman & Co., E. P. Bithet
& Co., L'td., Turner, Beeton & Co., Findlay, Durham & Brodie, Eobert Ward &
Co., Thos. C. Nuttall, B. Hall & Co., B.
C. Land and Investment Co., Lowenberg,
Harris & Co., Mcholles & Eenouf, H. E.
Crasdaile, W. Monteith, Jno. J. Austin,
Henry Croft, H. Dallas Helmcken, Dalby
& Claxton, Beaumont Boggs, Jones &
Bridgman, Kobert Irving, H. M. Yates,
A. W. More & Co., F. G. Bichards, jr.,
Holland & Co., J. E. Kinsman.
Executive Committee.—E. -Hall, H.
F. Heisterman, J. C. Maclure, F. G.
Richards, jr., N. P. Snowden. Chairman,
R. Hall.   Inspector, J. G. Elliott.
LEGAL  GUIDE.
Supreme Court.
Chief Justice, Sir Matthew B. Begbie,
Victoria.
PUISINE JUDGES.
Hon. H. P. P. Crease, Victoria.
Hon. G. A. Walkem, Victoria.
Hon. J. F. McOreight, New Westminster.
Hon. W. T. Drake, Victoria.
County Court.
Nanaimo, His Honor, Eli Harrison, Jr.
New Westminster, His  Honor, W. Norman Bole.
Yale, His Honor, W. Ward Spinks.	
Stipendiary   Magistrates.
Donald, A. C. Cummins.
Esquimalt, E. B. Reid.
Kamloops, W. W. Spinks, G. C. Tunstall,
Laketon, Jas. Porter.
Nanaimo, J. P. Pianta, Eli Harrison.
New Westminster, N. W. Bole.
Bevelstoke, N. Fitzstubbs.
Vancouver, J. H. Hallett.
Vernon, M. Lumby.
Victoria, S. Y. Wootton.
Sheriffs.
County of Victoria, J. E. McMillan.
County of Westminster, W. J. Armstrong.
County of Yale, A. G. Pemberton.
County of Cariboo, John Stevenson.
County of Kootenay, Stephen Redgrave.
County of Nanaimo, Samuel Drake.
CLUBS.
y i c t o r i a.—The Union Club (established 1879), cor. Courtney and Douglas
Streets. Victoria Club, cor. Fort and
Broad Streets. Anglo-American Club,
cor. Government and Yates Streets.
Vancouve r.— Vancouver Club, Lef-
ever Block, cor. Hastings and Seymour
Streets.
New Westminste r.—Westminster Club, Columbia Street.
Associations.
British Columbia Rifle Association.—
President, Lt. Col. Prior ; Secretary,
Capt. Fletcher.
Vancouver Rifle Association.—President,
R. H. Alexander ; Secy-Trea., J. Duff
Stuart.
New Westminster Rifle Association.—
President, Capt. Townley ; Secy-Treas.,
H. R. Townsend.
Provincial Exhibit Association.—President, David Oppenheimer ; Secretary,
W. D. Burdis, Vancouver.
Marine Engineers' Association.—President, James A. McArthur.
Poultry Association.—President, C. E.
Benouf ; Secretary, R.  P.  McLennan.
British Columbia Pioneer Society .--President, J. B. Lovell; Secy-Treas., J. J.
Austin.
National History Society of British Columbia.—President, Ashdown Green;
Secretary, C. F. Newcombe.
Societies  in   BBrilisii Columbia.
Agassi z.—Y. M. 0. A.
AinsVort h.—Miners' Union.
Brownsvill e.—Odd-Fellows, Temperance Society, Orange Lodge.
Chemainu s.—I. O. G. T.
C h i 11 i w h a c k.—I.O.O.F., A.O.F., A.
O.U.W., I.O.G.T., L.O.L.
Clover   Valle y.—I.O.O.F., A.O.U.
W., I.O.G.T. HAKD-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
81
J'
^d
Established in 1817.
Incorporated by Act of Parliament.
Capital all paid up $12,000,000
Reserve Fund 6,000,000
Undivided Profits 506,371
HEAD OFFICE, - - MONTREAL.
Sib Donald A. Smith, President.      Hon. Geo. A. Drummond, Vice-President.
E. S. CijOuston, Manager.
Drafts aNd Letters of Credit issued, available in all parts of the world, and
Telegraphic Transfers made.
Collections   made  at all accessible  points  at   lowest rates and promptly
remitted for.
Gold Dust And Bullion purchased.
Every description of banking1 business transacted
Savings Bank Department—Depositis of of $4.00 and upwards received and
interest allowed at the highest current rates.
British CotjUmbia Branches—Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster, Vernon
and Nelson, (Kootenay District).
OTHER  BRANCHES
London, England; New York, Chicago, and in the principal cities in the Dominion of Canada.
CORRESPONDENTS
Principal banks in all the leading cities of the world.
Pet<
"i
O&jeb^     5&W
PactiliM, Sailin
Canoes are fast gaining popularity in British Columbia, and special sizes are made
for exploring and huuting parties.
Send for Catalogue.    Prices of Steam  Launces   also furnished in
Catalogue.
P. O. Box 803. 82
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Cloverdale .—I.O.O.F., A.O.U.W.,
I.O.G.T.
O e d a r.—Agricultural Society.
Duncan s.—I.O.O.F.
JSsquimal t.—Blue Ribbon Club.
H ajl i z i c—Masonic, I.O.G.T., I.O.O.F.
H e a 1.—Canadian Order of Odd-Fellows.
K a m 1 o o p s.—Masonic, Odd-Fellows,
Forresters.
^Ladner's    Landin g.—Odd-Fellows, United Workmen, Orangemen.
Mission Cit y.—Masonic, I.O.G.T.,
Forresters.
Mount Pleasant.—Odd-Fellows,
Foresters, K. of P., United Workmen.
N a n a i m o.—Masonic, Templars of
Temperance, I.O.G.T., K. of P., A.O.F.,
I.O.O.F., U.A.O.D., Sons of England,
Miners' Protective Association, United
Workmen, Knights of Labor, C.O.O.F.,
American Legion of Honor.
New Westminste r.-—I.O.O.F.,
C.O.O.F., I.O.R., Royal Templars, Foresters, K. of P., C.O.F., Masonic.
N a k u s p.—Masonic.
N o r t h f i e 1 d.—I.O.G.T., K. of P., M.
&M.L, K. of L., C.O.O.F. M.U., A.O.
of Druids.
Port Hane y.—Masonic, Odd-Fellows, Temperance Society.
P arksvill e.—Band of Hope.
Port   K e 11 s.—I.O.G.T.
Revelstok e.—Masonic, I.O.G.T.
Steveston.— Odd-Fellows, Good
Templars.
S a n d w i c k.—K. of P., United Workmen, Good Templars.
S u m a s.—I.O.G.T.
Surrey Centre.— Odd-Fellows,
Orangemen, Good Templars.
Shortree d.—I.O.G.T., C.O.O.F.
Terra Rosa.—Good Templars, W.
C.T.U.
T u r g o o s e.—North and South Saan-
nich Agricultural Society, L.O.L.
Vancouver. —Orangemen, K. of P.,
I. O. O. F., Masonic.
V i c t o r i a.—B. C. Pioneer Society, St.
Georges, Sons of Erin, C.O.O.F., CO.
F., Foresters, Canadian Order of Odd-
Fellows, K. of P., Masonic, I.O.G.T.,
Orangemen, St. Andrews, A.O.U.W.,
I.O.O.F.,Y.M.C.A.
V e r n o n— I.O.O.F.,A.O.U.W.,LO.G.T.
W e 11 i n g to n.—I.O.O.F., I.O.G.T., A.
O.F.
Y o u n g.—Orangemen, Agricultural Society.
Sec retaries of Societies will please notify
us of any omissions in above.
The Indians of British Columbia.
.    POPULATION by agencies.
Cowichan           Agency  2048
West Coast            do       2864
Kwawkwelth          do       1732
Dower Fraser         do       4338
Williams Lake       do '    1803
Kamloops               do       2401
Okanagon               do       878
Kootenay               do       696
N. W. Coast          do       4001
Babine and Upper Skeena River
Agency  2645
Total  23406
COMPARATIVE      STATEMENT      OP     INDIAN
INDUSTRIES.
Value of
Indians. Industries.
British Columbia....23,406 $684,995
Manitoba & N.W.T... 24,210 240,283
Ontario  1,708 176,783
Quebec  6,638 166,507
New Brunswick..... 1,531 23,210
Nova Scotia  2,076 31,717
P. E.   Island      314 6,400
AVERAGE OP ABOVE PER   INDIAN.
British Columbia  $ 29 27
Manitoba and N. W. Territories.       9 90
Ontario     109 50
Quebec      25 08
New Brunswick       15 16
Nova Scotia       15 28
P. E. Island      20 38
It will thus be seen that the value of
the industries appertaining to the Indians of British Columbia exceeds that
of all the other provinces and territories
of the Dominion combined, and the
average per Indian is next to Ontario
the largest.
The Indian schools of British Columbia
by the last returns to hand have 685
pupils attending them, HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
83
INDIAN   AGENCIES.
A. W. Vowell, Superintendent, Victoria.
P. O'Beilly, Indian Reserve Commissioner, Victoria.
H. MofFatt, Superintendent's assistant,
Victoria.
W. H. Lomas, Agent, Cowichan.
H. Guillod. Agent, West Coast.
R. P. Pidcock, Agent, Kwawkewlth.
P. McTiernan, Agent, Fraser.
J. W. MacKay, Agent, Kamloops.
M. Phillips, Agent, Kootenay.
C. Todd, Agent, North West Coast.
W. L. Meason, Agent, Williams Lake.
R. E. Loring, Agent, Babine.
INDUSTRIAL INDIAN SCHOOLS.
Metlakahtla—Principal, J. R. Scott.
Kamloops—Prinoipal, M. Hagan.
Kuper Island—Principal, Rev. G. Done-
kele.
Newspapers   and  Periodicals    Published in British   Columbia.
V i c t o r i a.—Colonist (morning), daily
and weekly. Times (evening), daily
and weekly. Commercial Journal,
weekly.   Monthly Recorder, monthly.
Vancouve r.—News Advertiser (morning), daily and weekly. World (evening), daily and weekly. The Institute,
monthly. Home Cheer, monthly. B.
C. Commerce and Maritime Review,
semi-annually, The Monitor, weekly,
The People's Journal, weekly.
New    Westminster. British
Columbian, daily and weekly. Churchman's Gazette, monthly. Commonwealth, weekly.
Nanaimo .—Free Press, daily & semi-
weekly. St. Alban's Church Monthly,
monthly.
Kamloops.—Inland Sentinel, weekly.
Revelstoke.—Kootenay Star, weekly.
V e r n o n.—Vernon News, weekly.
Stevesto n.—Steveston Enterprise,
weekly.
N e 1 s o n.—Nelson Miner, weekly.
G o 1 d e n.—Golden Era, weekly.
MILITARY   CilTI»E.
Victoria is Headquarters of Military District
No. 11, Province of British. Columbia.
Deputy-Adjutant General, Lieutenant Colonel
J. G. Holmes, R. C. A. District Paymaster and
Superintendent of Stores, Capt. A. W. Jones;
(foreman of Stores, Chas. Ireland.
PERMANENT CORPS.
C Battery, Regiment Canadian Artillery—Stationed at Artillery Barracks, Work Point.
Commander, Lieut.-Col. J. G. Hoknes; Major, James Peters; Lieutenants, Benson, T.
Bvt, Captain; G. Ogilvee Bvt, Captain; Surgeon. J. A. Duncan, M. D.; Quartermaster,
E.  Palmer, Bon. Captain.
LOCAL CORPS.
B. C- Brigade of Garrison Artillery—Lieut-Col.,
E.;G. Prior, M. P. A. D C, commanding,
' Major, John Nicholles, Adjutant; Cant. P.
M. Irving; Surgeon, E Hasell; Paymaster.
W- Shears, Hon. Captain; Quartermaster, W -
H. Dorman, Hon. Cap ain.
No. 2 Battery—Captain, vacant; Lieutenant, A.
G ■ Sargison, commanding; Second Lieutenant, Ross Munroe
No. 3 Battery—Captain, W- Quinlan; Lieutenant, B. Williams; Second Lieutenant, vacant.
No. 4 Battery- Captain, W. B. Smallfield; Lient.,
C. S. A- Pearse ; Second Lieutenant, vacant.
All the above are stationed at Victoria.
AT NEW WESTMINSTER
No. 1 Battery is stationed- Captain, T- O.
Townley; Lieutenant, E H. Port; Second
Lieutenant, vacant. And at Nanaimo there
is an inf anry company lately organized.
CHURCHES.
Chubch oe England—Alert Bay, Cariboo, Cedar, Chemainus, Chilliwack,
Comox, Cowichan, Esquimalt, Kamloops, Metchosin, Nanaimo, New Westminster, Northfield, Saanich, Salt
Spring Island, Sooke, Trenant, Vancouver, Victoria, Wellington, Yale.
Methodist—Agassiz, Aldergrove, Ainsworth, Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Cheam,
Chilliwack, Delta, Donald, Howe
Sound, Langley, Maple Ridge, Maple
Bay, Mission City, Naas, Nanaimo,
New Westminster, Northfield, Nicola,
Nelson, Port Essington, Port Simpson,
Queen Charlotte Island, Bevelstoke,
Richmond, Salt Spring^Island, Saanich,
Salmon Arm, Similikameen, Sumas,
Surrey, Union, Upper Skeena, Vancouver, Victoria, Wellington.
Presbyterian—Alberni, Chilliwack, Comox, Kamloops, Kaslo, Ladner's Landing, Langley, Nanaimo, Nelson, New
Westminster, Nicola Lake, Northfield,
Revelstoke, Spallumcheen, Spence's
Bridge, Sooke, Surrey, Vancouver,
Vernon. Victoria, Warnock,Wellington.
Baptist—Nanaimo, New Westminster,
Vancouver, Victoria.
Reformed Episcopal—Abergeldie, New
Wessminster, Victoria. 84
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Roman Catholic—Alberni, Clayoquot,
Comox, Cowichan, Hesquiat, Kuper
Island, Kamloops, Kyuquot, Kootenay,
Nanaimo, New Westmigster, Okanagan, Matsqui, Stuart's Lake, Vancouver, Victoria, Williams Lake.
Jewish—Victoria.
OF
PROVINCIAL,      GOVERNMENT
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Lieutenant-Governor:    The   Honorable   Edgar
Dewdney.
Private Secretary:   Herbert Stanton.
EXECUTIVE   COUNCIL.
The   Hon.   the   Attorney-General:      Theodore
Davie, Q.C.
The Hon. the Minister of Finance and Agriculture:   J. H. Turner.
The Hon. the Chief Commissioner of Lands and
Works: F. G. Vernon.
The Hon.. the Provincial Secretary and Minister
of Mines:   J. Baker.
The Hon. the President of the Executive Council:
M E. "Pooley, Q.C.
Clerk   of   the Executive Council:    Theodore
Davie, Q. C.
THE   LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
Anderson, G W, Lake District, Victoria.
Baker, Hon J Cranbrook, Kootenay, East Kootenay.
Beaven, Hon R, Victoria, Victoria City.
Booth, J P, Salt Spring Island, The Islands.
Brown, J C, New Westminster, New Westminster
City.
Cotton, E C, Vancouver, Vancouver.
Croft, Henry, Victoria, Cowichan.
Davie, Hon T, Victoria, Cowichan.
Eberts. D McE, Victoria, Victoria.
Fletcher, T, Alberni, Alberni.
Foster, T C, New Westminster, Nanaimo.
Grant, John, Victoria, Victoria City.
Hall, R H, Fort Simpson, Cassiar.
; Higgins, Hon D W, Victoria, Esquimalt.
Home, J W, Vancouver, Vancouver.
Hunter, Josep'i, Victoria, Comox.
Keith, Thomas, Kanaimo, Nanaimo City.
Kellie, J M, Revelstoke, West Kootenay.
Kitchen, T E, Chilliwack, Westminster,
Martin, G B, South Thompson River, Yale.
Milne, G L, Victoria, Victoria City.
McKenzie, C C, Nanaimo, Nanaimo.
Nason, I B, Barkerville, Cariboo.
Pooley, Hon C E, Victoria, Esquimalt.
Punch, J, Brownsville, Westminster.
Rogers, S A, Barkerville, Cariboo.
Semlin, C A, Cache Creek, Yale.
Smith, A, Wellington, Lillooet.
Stoddart, D A, Clinton, Lillooet.
Sword. C B, Matsqui, Westminster.
Turner, Hon J H, Victoria, Victoria City.
Vernon, Hon F G, Victoria, Yale.
Watt, Dr., Cariboo, Cariboo.
DEPARTMENTAL OFFICES.
Attorney-General's Office:
Attorney-General, Hon. Theodore Davie, QC
Deputy Attorney-General, Arthur G Smith.
Crown Solicitor, Gordon Hunter.
Clerk, E J Thain.   Stenographer, R E Brett.
Provincial Secretary's Office*
Provincial Secretary and Minister of Mines,
Hon. James Baker.
Deputy  Provincial Secrelary, A Campbell
Reddie.
Clerk   J Fortescue Foulkes.   Inspector of
Mines, A Dick
Printing' Branch:
Queen's Printer, R Wolfenden.
Treasury  Department:
Minister of Finance and Agriculture, Hon J
H Turner.
Auditor-General,  J McB  Smith; Assistant
Auditor, J A Anderson.
Deputy Treasurer, A Flett.
Clerks. HAS Morley, Chas B Nairne.
Lands and Worlis :
Chief Commissioner, Hon F G Vernon.
Deputy Commissioner, W L Gore.
Surveyor-General, T Kains.
Draughtsman, E B McKay.
1st Asst Draughtsman, E M Roberts.
2nd Asst Draughtsman, T Bamf ord.
Clerk of Records, S Phiops.
Book-keeper, T E Woodridge.
Clerk and Typewriter, H Cathbeart.
Clerks, T C Boulton, G V Cnppage.
Supreme Court:
Registrar, J C Prevost.   Deputy, A Keast.
Clerk. A R Robertson; Asst Clerk, J C Dock-
erill; Official Stenographer, J Gilbert.
County Court:
Registrar, H W H Combe;   Deputy, A Keast.
JLancl Registry Office:
Registrar-General, J. C. Leggatt.
1st Clerk. EM Fort; 2nd Clerk, S Y Wooton;
3rd Clerk, M G Phipps; 4th Clerk, W B
Charles; 6th Clerk, G E Simon; 6th Clerk,
F H Lang; Book-keeper, Geo Cruick-
shank.
Assessor and. Supervisor of the Rolls
C Booth; Assistant, C W Jenkinson; Clerk,
W O Carter.
Museum:
Curator, J Fannin.
Superintendent of Police:
F Hussey.    Sergeant, John M Langley.
Constables,    Jas   Mellon,   Wm McNeil,  J
Hunter.
Provincial Timber Inspector:
Inspector, R J Skinner; 2nd Inspector, D
McRae.
Assay Off!ce:
Ass'Byer, Herbert Carmichael.
British Columbia Senators:
For Cariboo, Hon James Reid, residence,
Quesnelle.
Eor Westminster, Hon T R Mclnnes; Residence, Victoria.
For Victoria, Hon W J McDonald; Residence, Victoria. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
85
Canadian Pacific
Navigation Co.,
TEAMER ISLANDER,
On the Alaska Route from Victoria and Vancouver.
B,a»l> l-Tra.-j.TMi f»J
Office: Wharf Street,
G. A. CARLETOX,
General Agent.
VICTORIA, B. C.
JOHN IRVING,
Mi
Manager. 86
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
British Columbia Representatives: I
Cariboo, F S Barnard; Residence, Victoria.
New Westminster, G E Corbould; Residence,
New Westminster.
Vancouver Island, vacant.
Victoria, T Earle: Residence, Victoria.
Victoria, Col EG Prior; Residence, Victoria.
Yale, J A Mara; Residence, Kamloops.
DOMINION GOTEMJfflENT OFFICES
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Customs.
Victoria—Collector A. R. Milne.
Vancouver—Collector J M Bowell.
New Westminster—Collector J S Clute.
Nanaimo—Collector B H Smith.
JIariue:
Victoria—Harbor Master, Capt W R Clarke.
Nanaimo—Harbor Master, E Quennel.
Vancouver—Harbor Master, M W Thain.
New Westminster—Harbor   Master,   J  W
Draper.
Indians:
Victoria—Superintendent, Arthur Wellesley
Vowell; Chief Clerk, Hamilton Moffatt.
Inland Revenue:
Victoria—Inspector,  W Gill;   Collector, R.
Jones.
Vancouver—Collector, J E Miller.
Nanaimo—Deputy Collector, W K Leighton.
New Westminster—Deputy  Collector,   Wm
Wolf enden.
Kamloops—Deputy Collector, E H Jones.
Nelson —Deputy Collector, R Blundell.
Revelstoke— Deputy Collector, J Kirkup.
Steamboat Inspecttrn:
Inspector, J. A. Thomson, Victoria.
Inspector of Hulls:
R Collister, Victoria.
Dominion Lands: - .
Superintendent of Mines, W Pearce, MLB,
New Westminster.
Agent, John McKenzie, D L S.
Crown Timber Agent, T S Higginson.
Inspector of Homesteands, J S Macdonell.
Marine and Fisheries:
Agent, Capt Jas Gaudin, Victoria.
Public Uorks:
Resident Engineer. F C Gamble, Victoria.
Quarantine:
Quarantine    Officer,    Dr   W   McNaughton
Jones, Victoria.
Savings Bank:
Victoria—Manager, J H MacLaughlin.
Weiglits and Measures:
Viotoria—Inspector, R Jones.
Nanaimo—Assistant Inspector, W K Leigh-
ton,
GOLD  COMMISSIONERS.
For the  Province—The  Hon F G Vernon,
Victoria.
Cassiar  District—James   Porter   Laketon,
Cassiar.
Lillooet District—Frederick Souee, Clinton.
East Kootenay District—A P Cummins,
Donald.
West Kootenay District—N Fitzstubbs, Nelson.
Yale District—M Lumby, Vernon; J C Tun-
stall, Kamloops; W Todd, Yale.
GOVERNMENT     AGENTS:
Alberui—G A Smith.
Cariboo—J Bowron, Barkerville.
Clinton—F Soues.
Cowichan—H O Willburn, Duncan's.
Comox—S Creech.
Cassiar—James Porter, P 0 Laketon.
East Kootenay—A P Cummins, Donald.
Fort Simpson—J Flewin.
Kamloops—G C Tunstall, Kamloops.
Nanaimo—M Bray.
Nelson- Capt Fitzstubbs.
New Westminster—C Warwick.
Nicola—John Clapperton.
Quesnelle—Wm Stephenson,Forks Quesnelle.
Revelstoke—J Kirkup.
Vernon—M Lumby.
Yale—W Dodd.
JOHN   BARNSLEY &   CO.,
119 Gov. St., near Jonson, Victoria, B.C.
Gunsmiths and Machinists,
Headquarters for Sporting Goods.
Correspondence attended to.
H. MOREY & CO.,
(-BOOKSELLERS & STATIONERS,-)
New Westminster, B. C. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
87
XjOHXTZOOT^T    I3C CD IT S ES.
$J J^&s
DIRECT IMPORTER OF
Dry Goods, Mantles, Millinery and House
Furnishings. 1
RIBBONS, FEATHERS, FLOWERS, FANCY-WEAR.
Douglas & Elliott Block,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
46 PORT STREET.
P. O. BOX 46&
tf1
LIN
VICTORIA. B. C.
Conveyancers, Insurance and Financial Agents.
HAVE A CHOICE LIST OF
City and Suburban • Properties.
Give them a call before investing. tr
THE CITIES OF BRITITH COLUMBIA.
VICTORIA.
Situated at the southernextremity of
Vancouver Island, is a city of nearly
24,000. It is remarkable for its delightful situation and the beauty of
its surroundings. In addition to its
inner land-locked harbor, extensive docks
have been constructed at its entrance,
capable of accommodating a large fleet of
ocean steamers and sailing vessels. Victoria enjoys a very large wholesale trade
with aU parts of the Province, and being
a favorite resort for tourists who visit the
Pacific coast, considerable retail business
is transacted with these visitors, making
the general trade of the city very large.
Victoria is well laid out, and in the business portion of the city there are numerous handsome business blocks and public buildings. It is the seat of government in British Columbia, and the new
government buildings about to be erected to take the place of the present structures will be very handsome. Victoria is
celebrated, for its beautiful parks and
drives and the splendid scenery surrounding it. It has a perfect water system,
gas and electric light, the streets being
.lighted by the latter—electric tram-cars
run on the principal streets. Victoria is
connected by daily steamers with Vancouver, New Westminster and the Puget
Sound cities, Seattle and Tacoma. By
this means the city is in direct connection with the Canadian Pacific, Northern
Pacific, Union Pacific and Great Northern railroads. The Pacific coast steamers
to San Francisco have their northern
headquarters here. It is also the terminus of the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway, and there is a regular tramway service to Esquimalt. A large fleet of steamers run between Victoria and aU the
mainland and island ports. It is the
headquarte rs of the sealing fleet and of
the cannery interest, most of the trade of
the latter being held by Victoria merchants. It is therefore an important commercial centre, as weU as a favorite tourist resort. For places of interest in and
around Victoria, see " Places of Interest
in British Columbia."
CIVIO   OFFICERS.
Beaven. Aldermen—
Baker, Munroe Mil-
Centre  Ward—S.   T.
Styles,   A. L. Belyea, Wm. MoKILlican.
South Ward—Anton Henderson, G. A.
McTavish,  H. A. Munn.     City Clerk-
Mayor—Robert
North Ward—Jas.
ler,   Ed.   Bragg.
W. J. Dowler, B. A. Treasurer—Chas.
Kent. Auditor—J. L. Raynur. City
Surveyor—E. A. Wilmot. Sanitary Engineer—E. Mohun. Librarian—J. McGregor, L.L.D. Building Inspector—W. W.
Northcott. Police Magistrate—F. Mac-
Rae. Chief of Police—H. W. Sheppard.
Chief of Fire Department—Thos. Deasy.
VANCOUVER.
s Vancouver is the Pacific terminus of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, and
although its existence only dates
back a few years, it is already the
next city in size and population to
Victoria. Its population to-day is estimated at between 17,000 and 20,000.
There are many handsome and substantially built blocks along the business
streets of Vancouver, and its streets are
regularly laid out. It hasgas, electric
fight, water works and an excellant tramway service. There are quite a number of
industries established in the city amongst
which may be mentioned, a sugar refinery, foundries and machine shops, tanneries, canneries, soap works, breweries, saw
mills, planing and shingle mills, etc., etc.
The C.P.R. workshops are also stationed
here, so that the local trade of Vancouver
is large. It enjoys an extensive
wholesale trade, and is a strong rival to
Victoria in this respect. Daily steamers
connect Vancouver with Victoria, Nanaimo and New Westminster, and a large
fleet ply between it and the smaller ports
of British Columbia. The C.P.R. line of
steamers to China and Japan has4ts head
quarters here. The Northern Pacific
Railway expect soon to gain an entrance
into Vancouver, and when this takes place
it will be the British Columbia terminus
of two great transcontinental lines. In
fact it will also have close connection via
New Westminster with a third important
road, the Great Northern. Owing to its
superior position, Vancouver will undoubtedly become one of the most important commercial and shipping ports
on the North Pacific coast.
CTVIC   OPPICEES.
Mayor—F.   Cope.     Aldermen—Ward
1—W.  F.  Salisbury,   R.  A.   Anderson.
Ward 2—Hy. Collins, Jas. W. Hackett.
H. P. McCraney, Wm. Cargill.
J. L. Franklin, Geo. W. Hobson.
0.   L.    Brown,  Wm.   Towler.
McGuiean.   Treasurer
Ward 3
Ward 4
WardS
City Clerk—T. F.
—Geo.   Baldwin.
City
Engineer-
-Thos. HAND-BOOK TO BJUTISH COLUMBIA.
89
n Marche
CAPS, AND
i
|   CL0Timm       HATS
ENQLTSH AND FOREIGN   5
STAPLE  AND FANCY     JJ
DRY GOODS S MEN?S FURNISHINGS, Etc.
—:o.— #
«»
H. B. Shadwell & Co., | H. B Shadwel! & Co.,
624 Columbia St., g 626 Columbia St., |.>
NEW   WESTMINSTER, B. C. % NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
it
Letter Orders receive prompt and careful attention.
o THE     LEADING o
DRY GOODS AND MILLINERY HOUSE.
.... LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTED STOCK....
 IN THE CITY	
GOEDON   DIIYSUALE,
150 Cordova Street,
VANCOUVER, B. C. 90
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
H. Tracy. City Solicitor—A. St. George
Hamersley. Health Officer—Dr. McGui-
gan. Auditor—J. Leask. Street Inspector—T. Stevenson. Comptroller—C. Tet-
ley. Police Magistrate—Geo. A. Jordan.
Chief of Police—John McLaren.
NEW WESTMINSTER
Called the Royal City, is situated on
the north bank of the Fraser river,
fifteen miles from its mouth, and has
a population of nearly 9,000. It is the
distributing point for all the commerce
along the Fraser river and adjoining
country and is the fresh water terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and the western terminus of the
Great Northern, which reaches it over
the New Westminster Southern. It is
also connected with Vancouver by electric tramway. Several Provincial public buildings, the penitentiary, lunatic
asylum and central prison are located
here. The city is well laid out, and contains a number of handsome buildings,
business blocks and numerous beautiful
private residences. It is provided with
good systems of waterworks, gas, electric
light, telephone and Iram car service. In
addition to the large trade done by New
Westminster with the canneries along
the Fraser, it has also a fine agricultural
country tributary to it, so that commercially it has a very substantial footing.
CIVIC  OFFICERS.
Mayor—D. S. Curtis. Aldermen —
Ward 1—James Beer, Thomas Levi.
Ward 2—A. M. Herring, W. A. Duncan.
Ward 3—T. R. Pearson, M. Sinclair.
Ward 4—T. G. Gifford, H. Elliott. Ward
5—Geo. McKenzie, Jas. Rousseau. City
Clerk—D. Robson. Treasurer—W. T.
Cooksley. City Engineer—Wm. Noot.
City Solicitors—Corbould, McColl, Wilson & Campbell. Auditor—C. G. Mayor.
Police Magistrate—T. C. Atkinson.
NANAIMO
Incorporated in 1871, has now a population of nearly 7,000. It is delightfully situated on rising ground, overlooking one of the finest harbors in
British Columbia. Its trade is chiefly
with the miners employed by the New
Vancouver Coal Co., and with the numerous vessels calling there for coal. It
has also large lumbering mills, owned
by Mayor Haslam, which do an immense   local    and  foreign  trade,   ma
chine shops, foundries and other industries which serve to swell the trade of the
city. The New Vancouver Coal Co. have
mines at Nanaimo, Southfield, Chase and
on the Nanaimo river, as well as at North-
field, and have about 150,000 tons of shipping chartered to carry their coal, in addition to the numerous vessels chartered
by the buyers. The company employs
about 1,500 hands, so that their trade is
of great importance to Nanaimo. The
city has excellent systems of waterworks,
gas, electric light and telephone. The
streets are well laid out and kept in good
order, and the class of buildings erected,
especially some of the business blocks
and public buildings, are of a high class
order. Nanaimo is the most important
station on the E. &'N. R. R. north of Victoria, and has connection by steamer
with Victoria, Vancouver, New Westminster and nearly all ports on the main
land. There are a number of excelent
hotels in the city, the Windsor being one
of the most comfortable in the Province.
CIVIC   OFFICERS.
Mayor—A. Haslam. Aldermen—North
Ward—R. Craig, R. Nightingale, W. Ked-
dy. Middle Ward—E. Quennel, J. Gan-
ner, W. Hilbert. South Ward—J. H.
Cocking, G. McKennill, J. Frome. City
Clerk and Treasurer—Samuel Gough.
City Surveyor—Roly. Heyland. Street
Superintendant—B. Baker. Police Magistrate—J. P. Planta, J. P. Chief Constable—Thos. O'Connell. Health Officer—
E. A. Praeger, M. D.
STREET CAR, SERVICE.
Victoria—National Electric Tram and
Light Co., 11 miles of track, Hon. D.
W. Higgins, President; Major Dupont,
Secretary.
Victoria & Esquimalt—The cars of the
National Electric Tram and Light Co.
make hourly trips between Victoria
and Esquimalt.
Vancouver—Vancouver Electric Railway & Lighting Co. (L'td.), Barnard
street, Westminster avenue, W. E.
Browne, Business Manager.
New Westminster—Westminster and
Vancouver Tramway Co. (L'td.), 16^
miles of track connecting with Vancouver, D. Oppenheimer, President; L. N,
Smith, Sec.-Treas.; G. F. Gibson, Traf-
, fie Manager. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
91
KAII.WAY AND STEAMER TICKET
OFFICES.
victoria.
C. P. R.—Corner Government and Fort.
Agent, Allan Cameron.
N. P. R.—Corner Government & Trounce
avenue.   Agent, E. E. Blackwood.
C. P. N. Co.^-Wharf street. Capt. John
Irving, Manager. Gen. Pass. Agent,
C. S. Baxter.
E. & N. R. R.— Broughton street. H. K.
Prior, Gen. Freight and Pass. Agent.
Union Pacific—100, Government street.
Agent, R. Hall.
VANCOUVER.
C. P. R. Co.—Geo. McL. Brown.
C. P. N. Co.—Geo. Sclater.
Union SS. Co.   Wm. Webster.
Northern Pacific R. R.—Frank V.
Bodwell.
NEW WESTMINSTER.
C. P. R. Co.—J. B. Johnson.
Northern Pacific R. R.—A.   B.   Mc-
Kenzie.
Great Northern—C. Cline.
Westminster-Vancouver Tramway Co.
G. F. Gibson.
C. P. N. Co.—T. L. Briggs.
Mainland & Nanaimo S. N. Co.—T. L.
Briggs.
Steamers—Delaware, Bon Accord, Telephone & Edgar—Brackman, Ker & Co.
Steamer Courser—J. E. Wise.
nanaimo.
C. P. R. ) Wm. Dennison,   Agent,
Union SS. Co.)    Commercial street.
: E. & N. R.R.—At Station.
Northern Pacific R. R.—W. A. Wood.
HACK   AND EI VERY   RATES.
VICTORIA HACK RATES.
Hacks $1.50 per hour, so long as required.
Driving one or two persons any place
within the city Unfits. 50 cents. For
every passenger over two, 25 cents
each. To or from any steamer or train,
50 cents per head, not including special
orders.   Trunks taken from any wharf,
train, or house to any point within the
city limits, 25 cents each; baggage carried ia the hand of a person being conveyed in a licensed vehicle free.
LIVERY RATES.
Per day $2.50 to $5. Sundays and holidays, $3.50 to $5.50 per day.
VANCOUVER HACK RATES.
Driving by the hour $1.25. Callin g by
the hour $1.00. Theatre and return,
4 persons or less, $2.00. One or two
persons to ball and return, $2.00, Three
or four persons, $3.00. From C. P. R.
wharf or station, one person, 25 cents.
No charge for ordinary hand baggage.
LIVERY RATES.
Per day, $2.50 to $5.00. Sundays and
holidays, $3.50 to $5.50.
NEW WESTMINSTER HACK RATES.
Conveyance of passengers from station
or ferry to hotels, 50 cents. Hack,
$1.50 per hour. After 1st hour, $1.00
per hour. Hack, $7 per day. Saddle
horse, $3.50 p6r day.
LIVERY RATES.
Single horse conveyance, $1.50 per hour-
Single horse conveyance, $5.00 a day
ordinary driving.
NANAIMO LIVERY   RATES.
Single rigs per day, $3.50. Single rigs half
day, $2.50. Double rigs per day, $7.00.
Double rigs half day, $5.00. No regular hack rates.
ROAT RATES.
VICTORIA.
Rates—Per hour, 25- cents. Per day, from
$1 to $7, according to boat.
VANCOUVER.
Per hour, 25 cents.   Per day, from $1 to
$7, according to boat.
NEW WESTMINSTER.
Per hour, 25 cents.    Per day, from $1 to
$7, accordidg to boat.
NANAIMO.
Per hour, 50 cents for sailing boats.   Per
hour, 25 cents for row boats. 92
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
■■■
TRANSFER COMPANIES.
Victoria—Victoria Transfer Co., 21 and
23 Broughton street, Frank S. Barnard,
President; Alex. Mouat, Secretary; A.
Henderson, Superintendent.
Vancouver—Vancouver Gurney Cab &
Delivery Co., office, 231 Abbott street,
C. D. Rand, President; F. G. Bell, Sec.
& Treas.; H. A. Berry, Manager.
Nanaimo—City Transfer Stables, W.
Reddy, Proprietor, Chapel street.
Population.
According to Dominion censns of 1891:
Victoria j 16,849
Civic census same year j 23,153
Vancouver 13,685
New Westminster  6^611
Nanaimo  4,595
British Columbia .92,767
NAVIGATION GUIDE.
Prominent Points, Direction and Distance from each other, Compiled from Coast Survey.
Cape Flattery to Race Island	
Cape Flattery to New Dungeness	
Dungeness to Point Wilson	
Point Wilson to Marrowstone Point...
Point Wilson to Point Hudson	
Point Hudson to Port Townsend Bay..
Point Marrowstone to Hood's Canal...
Foul Weather Bluff to Port Gamble....
Mid channel abreast Port Gamble to
Brown's Point	
Brown's Point to Hazel Point	
Hazel Point to Seabeck	
Marrowstone Point to Double Bluff...
Double Bluff to Point-no-Point.	
Point*no-Point to Apple Cove Point...
Apple Cove Point to Point Jefferson...
Point Jefferson to West Point	
West Point to Four-mile Bock	
Four mile Rock to Seattle	
Point Jefferson to Point Madison	
Point Jefferson to Restoration Point..
Point Restoration to Colvos Passage...
Point "Vashon to Point Command	
Point Command to Point Sandf ord—
Point Sanford to Point Richmond	
Point Richmond to Point Defiance	
Restoration Point to Robinson's Point.
Robinson's Point to Da^h Point.	
Dash Point to Brown's Point	
Brown's Point to Tacoma	
Point Defiance to Evan's Point	
Evans Point to Day Island	
Day's Island to Stefiacoom	
Day's Island to Point Fox Island	
Fox Island to Point of McNeil's Island.
McNeil's Island to Balcb's Passage... .
Course through Balch's Passage	
Balch's Passage to Devil's Head and
clear of Park Point	
Park Point to Moody Point 	
Moody Point through Dana's Passage.
clear of Doihemire's Point..,	
Doinemire's Point to Olympia	
EbyN 152
E3-4N 70
E1-2N    16
ESE    H
SEbySl-2S  2
ss w	
SEbyS 1- S 10
SEME....   5
4W
SbyWl
S3-4E	
88W	
S E	
E S E-.	
SE1-2S	
SEby S	
S BE	
SE1-2E	
E12S	
8 W	
S by E 3-4 E.
S1-2E	
S1-4W	
SbyE 1-2 E.
S S E 1-2 E ..
S1-4E	
S E 1-2 S   ..
Sby W1-2W
8 by W	
S1-2E	
SE3-4S	
S1-4W	
8 1-2E 	
S1-2W	
8SW1-2W-
SW1-2 w..
West	
SS w..
WbyN.
SWbyS....
S by E 1.2 E
9
o
o
4
9
4
7
4
5
2
4
5
10
4
4
3
1
3
12
5
1
2
2
2
4
1
3
1
1
3
3
4
5
m'le
1-2
1-4
1-4
1-2
1-4
1-4
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-4
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
3-4
1-4
1-2
1-2 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
9'3
Tables of General Information.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES,
MEASURES OF LENGTH.
Ins.   Ft.   Yds. Pis Chs Fur
Foot         12      1
Yard  36       3        1
Rod, pole or perch     198    VoVz     ty%   1
Chain         792     66      22      4      1
Furlong      7,920   660    22o     40     10
Mile    63,360 5,280 1,760   320     80     8
M ile, Geographical 6,082 ■ 66 feet.
PARTICULAR MEASURES OF LENGTH.
A hand, 4 inches. Link, 7"92 inches. Cubit, 18
inches. A pace military, 2 ft 6 in. Pace geometrical 5 ft. Fathom, 6 ft. Cables length 120 fms.
League, 3 miles. Admiralty knot 6,080 feet. De.
gree, 69% miles, equal to 60 nautical knots or
geog miles.
SQUARE OR SURFACE MEASURE.
Ins.     Ft.    Yds. Pis Cs Rs
Square foot  144       1
Square yard        1,296        9 1
Rod.pole or perch     39 204     272Ji   30M   1
Square chain     62?,2o4 4,356    4a4 lo   1
Rood 1,568,16010,890  1,210 40   214 1
Acre  * 6,272,640 43,560 4,840 160 10     4
A square mile contains 640 acres=2,560 roods,
6,400 chains, 102,4U0 rods, poles or perches, or
3,097,600 szuare yards.
A sqare acre is 209 feet (nearly) or \%% rods on
each side.
CUBIC OR SOLID MEASURE-
1728 cubic inches =1 cubic foot.
27 cubic feet  |== 1 cubic yard.
40 cubic ft of rough, or 50 of
hewn timber  =1 ton or load.
42 cubic feet of timber  = 1 shipping ton
108 cubic feet       = 1 stack wood.
128 cubic feet 4x4x8   = = 1 c'rd of wood
40 cubic feet merchandise.. -= 1 ton shipping
FLUID MEASURE.
60 minims = 1 fluid drachm.
8 drachms  =1 ounce
20 ounces  =1 pint.
8 pints  = 1 gallon
APOrHERCARIES' WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
20 grains  = 1 scruple  =     20 grains.
3 scruples = 1 drachm  ==     60      „
8 drachms ==^1 ounce  =   480*     „
12 ounces  = 1 pound lb... = 5760*     „
* The avoiedupoise ounce of 437J4 grains, and
the pound of 7,00J grains are the weights named
in the London Pharmacopoeia, and the drugs are
purchased by Avordupois weight.
TROY WEIGHT.
3*17 grains (U.S.3'2)  =1 carat.
24 grains        1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights  =1 ounce
12 ounces  = 1 pound.
AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
27M grains = 1 drachm =27.34375 grains.
16 drachms = 1 ounce (pz.) == 437-5 grains.
16 ounces = 1 pound (lb) = 7900 grains.
25 pounds = 1 quarter (qr.).
4 quarters, = 1 hundredweight (100B))..
Wheat per Bushel 60 lbs.
Indian Corn  „ 56 ,,
Peas  „ 60  „
Barley  „ 48 ,,
Malt  „ 36  I
Oats  ,, 34  „
Beans  „ 60  ,,
Clover Seed ^  ,, 60 ,,
Timothy  „ 48.,,
Buckwheat  ,, 48  ,,
FlaxSeed  ,. 56 „
HemD Seed  „ 44  „
Blue Grass  „ 14  „
Roots, Potatoes, Turnips, Carrots,   Parsnips,   Beets   and
Onions  ,, 60  „
HAY.
A ton—when settled in stack—8x8x8 = 512 feet.
When hay is measured 7 ft. and 1Y% ft. square to
a ton.
COAL.
Anthracite (broken) 54 lbs to cubic ft.
Bituminous 49 tt>s to cubic ft.
. '•  70 B>s to bushel.
One ton loose occupies 43 to 48 cubi« feet.
A CAR LOAD.
The standard C.P.R. cars hold 40,090 TJ)s. The
maximum load of grain carried is as follows:—
Wheat, 666 bushels;   Oats, 1100; Barley, 800; Flax
Seed   ;   Potatoes, 666;   Apples, 180 barrels;
Sugar, 130 barrels.
ENGLISH CURRENCY.
The  pound (sovereign, 20s,   gold  piece),
equals about 15 00
Tbe Yz pound (}/% sovereign, 10s. gold piece),
equals about   2 50
The 5 shillings crown (rare) silver about   1 25
The 2 shillings and 6 pence, half-crown,
silver, equals about      62
The 2 shillings, silver, equals  50
Thel      I " I             " 25
The 6 pence " "             " 12
The4      " '• "             " 08
The 3      " " "               " 06
Thel       " copper   "              "
The*/2     " " "             "
and Bank of England notes for 5,10, 20, 50,
100, 500, and 1,000 (and may be more) pounds
respectively.   A guinea is il shillings.
FRENCH CURRENCY.
A Napoleon (20 franc gold piece) equals
 about $4 0
Yz Napoleon (10 franc gold piece)      " 2 0
J4      "              5      ....     " 10°
5 franc, silver      f, 10°
2     I          "           " 4°
1 I          I            " 2^
Y%   "      50 centimes, silver.      " 1°
1-5 "      20      "             "           " 0^
2 sous,    10      " copper      " 0°
1     " 5       S "       " 0'
o
1 m
94
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
ENGLISH VALUE OF FOREIGN CURRENCY.
Eng. value about e. d.
America—1 dollar or 100 cents  4 2
Austria—1 florin or 100 cents  1 11
France, Belgium, Switzerland, or Italy -
1 franc or 10U centimes  0 9%
German Empire—100 pfennings or 1 marc 1 0
20 marcs or 1 gold piece 20 0
Greece—Drachma or 1 0 leptas  0 8
Holland—1 florin or 100 cents  1 8
Portugal—1 Milrei or 1,000 reis  4 6»4
Russia—1 silver rouble or 100 kopeckB.. 3 2M»
Spain—1 dollar or *0 reals  4 2%
FACTS FOR BUILDERS.
One man can lift with both hands 236 B>s.
One man can support on his shoulders 330 fi>8.
A single load of sand, earth, rubbish, or a
measure or hundred of lime = 1 cubic yard.
A single load of square or hewn timber, deals,
etc. = 50 cubic feet.
A single load of unhewe timber = 40 cubic ft.
A single load of bricks == 500 bricks.
A single load of tiles = 1000 tiles.
15& cubic feet of chalk weighs 1 ton.
18 "        " clay
21      "        "        earth     "
19 "        " gravel    " "
21      "        "         sand
A bricklayer can lay about 1,500 or 1,600 bricks
in a day of 10 hours, where the joints are left
rough; about 1,000 per day when both faces have
to be worked fair, and not more than 500 a day
when carefully jointed, and faced with picked
bricks of a uniform color.
"A cubic yard of rubble masonry will, as a rule,
require 1-5 cubic yard of mortar and 11-5 cubic
yard of stone.
According to experiments made by Tredgold.
the adhesive force of fresh-made glue, cementing
together two pieces of dry ash after being left
for twenty.four hours, was found to be 715 lbs.
to the square inch.
Ordinary London bricks are called 9x4;4x2V£
inches, though as a rule they only run 8%x4M
x2$4 inches.
It requires 1 cubic yard of clay" to make 460
bricks.
1,000 stock bricks stacked = 56 cubic feet.
1,' 00 old bricks cleaned and stacked     70 cu. ft.
306 cubic feet, or 11 yards 9 feet = = 1 rod of
brickwork.
272 feet superficial
walls iy<i brick thick.
498 feet superficial
1 rod of brickwork in
1 rod of brickwork in
walls 1 brick thick, called in London the standard thickness, to which all brickwork, of whatever thickness, is reduced.
4,350 stock brick to l'rod reduced, 4 courses 1
foot high.
A rod of brickwork requires 1% cubic feet of
chalk lime, and 3 single loads or yards of road
drift or sand, or l cubic yard of stone lime, and
8vi yards of sand, or 36 bushels of cement, and 36
bushels of sharp sand.
A rod of briokwork containing 235 cubic feet
of bricks, with 71 cubic feet of mortar, will,
upon an average, weigh 15 tons.
16 brioks to one foot of reduced brickwork.
7 bricks to one foot of superficial facing.
Plain Tiles.—A square of 100 feet superficial
will require, if laid to an 8-incb gauge, 600 Plain
tiles, 1 bundle of laths, l 1). of 4d. nails, 1 peck
of tile pins, and 3 hods of lime and hair mortar.
4,300 stocks, or 4,500 place bricks, are sufficient
■ for a rod of reduced brickwork, which will re-;
quire about 180 hods of mortar.
A load of mortar = 27 oubic feet, and require*
9 bushels of lime and 1 yard of sand.
A bricklayer's hod will hold 20 bricks; the
ordinary load, however,*is 16 walling, or 18
facing bricks, or nearly *4 a bushel of mortar.
Amount of Barbed. Wire for Fences.
Estimated number of pounds of Barbed Wire
required to fence space or distances mentioned,
with one, two, or three lines of wire, based upon
each pound of wire measuring one rod (WA feet):
ILine.
1 Square Acre     50%
1 Side of Sq. Acre..   12%
1 Square Half-acre.   36
1 Square Mile 1280
1 Side of Sq. Mile.. 320
1 Rod in Length... 1
100 Rods in Length 100
100 t eet in Length 61-16
lbs.
2 Lines.
101M B>s.
25% "
72     |
2560     "
640     "
2     "*
200     "
12*6
3 Lines
152 lbs.
38 "
108 •'
3840 "
960 "
8 "
300 "
183-16"
Names of the Months.
January.—The Roman Janus presided over
the beginning of everything; hence the first
month of the year was called after him.
February.—The Roman festival Februs was
held on the loth day of this month, in honor of
Lupercus, the god of fertility.
March.—Named: from the Roman god of war,
Mars.
April.—Lat. Aprilis, probably derived from
aperire, to open; because spring generally begins, and the buds open in this month.
May.—Lat. Maius. probably derived from
Mala, a feminine divinity worshipped at Rome
on the first day of this month.
June.—Juno, a Roman divinity worshipped-s-s
the Queen of Heaven.
July.—Julius Caesar was born in this month -
August.-—Named by the Emperor Augustus
Caesar, B.C. 30, after himself, as he regarded it as
a fortunate month, being that in which he had
gained several victories.
September (septem, or 7).—Spptember was the
seventh month in the old Roman calendar.
October (octo, or 8).—Eighth month of the old
Roman year.
tov
lflh.
mntn month in the old Roman year.
December (decern, or 10).—December was the
tenth month o f the early Roman year. About the
21st of this menth the sun enters the Tropic of
Capricorn, and forms the winter solstice.
Days of the "Week.
Sunday. (Saxon) Sunnandseg, day of the sun.
Monday, (German) Montag, day of the moon
Tuesday, (Anglo-Saxon Tiwesdaeg, from Tiw,
the god of war
"Wednesday, (Anglo-Saxon) Wodnesdaeg, from
Odin, the god of storms. i§PI
Thursday, (Danish) Thor, the god of thunder,
Friday, (Sax^n) Frigedaeg, the day of Freya,
the goddess of marriage.
Saturday, day of Saturn, the god of time.
The names of the seven days of the week originated with the Egyptian astronomers. They
gave them the names of the sun, moon and five
planets, viz., Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Yenus and
Saturn.
Th6 Chinese and Thibetans have a week of five
days, named after iron, wood, water, feathers
and earth. HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
103
Pemberton & Sons 63
H. E. Croasdaile & Oo 75
Flint & Williams 87
A. W. More & Co 108
Furniture:
Sehl & Co 37
Grocers:
Fell & Co 45
Henry Saunders 100
Disher & Campbell 24
Erskine, Wall & Co 43
Hotels:
Driard   2
Poodle Dog 20
Mount Baker Hotel, Oak Bav. .57
The Occidental "... 71
The Wilson 79
Hotel Dallas 105
Shawnigan Lake Hotel  77
Grrind Hotel, Seattle  77
Brunswick Hotel 101
Hotel Victoria 98
Colonial Metropole 100
Horse Sheer:
B. Bay 18
Harness & Saddlery:
Wm. Duncan 18
* Hardware:
Nicholles & Benouff 20
E. G. Prior & Co 24
McLellan  & McFeely 71
W.H.Perry 107
Marvin & Tilton Cover
India Curios:
J. Faulkner 18
Insurance:
Lowenberg, Harris & Co 20
Hy. Croft 47
B. Ward & Co 59
Dalby & Claxton I 63
A. W. More & Co 108
Japanese Goods:
Japanese Store - 18
P. A. Nicolle & Co 24
T. S. Futcher 75
Lunch Rooms:
Brown Jug 18
Lumber Mills:
Shawingan Lake Lumber Co.. .69
Millinery and Dressmaking:
•The  Band Box 18
Music Stores:
T. W. Fletcher 18
C. A. Lombard & Co 75
News Agent:
Geo. Marsden 18
Newspapers:
The Colonist 67
The Times 67
Plumbers:
Watson & Geiger 79
Painters.
J o^eph Sears 77
Printers:
T. Boarke 24
Railways:
Canadian Pacific By 14
Northern Pacific BB 49
Real Estate:
Lowenberg, Harris & Co  .20
Hy. Croft 47
J. H. Brownlee 47
. Pemberton & Son 63
H. E. Croasdaile & Co 75
Flint & Williams 87
A. VV. More & Co '. .108
Restaurant:
Poodle Dog 20
Stage to Esquimalt:
W. J. King 18
Soda Water:
Phillips Bros  .24
C. Morley 98
Sporting Goods
J. Barnsley 86
Steamers
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. 85
Taxidermist
Wm. Lindley 18
Tailors
J. C. Leask & Co 20
D. Campbell & Co 75
A. Gregg & Son 77
Typewriters
M. W. Waitt & Co 69
Undertakers
C. Hayward 18
Watchmakers
C. E. Bedfern ' 24
Wholesale Importers
B. Ward & Co 59*
Wilson Bros 61
Hudson's Bay Co Cover
Turner, Beeton & Co 108 104
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
VANCOUVER.
Auctioneers page
A. Murray Beattie .' 79
Boat Builders
Hayden & Mylius 73
Booksellers & Stationers
S. T. Tilley & Son 55
Bailey Bros 77
Boots & Shoes
Mills & Bethune   75
G. L. Allan 75
J. A. Pyke 77
Commission Merchants
Major & Eldridge  .53
Baker & Leeson 53
Clothing
D. J. McLean & Co 79
Crockery
Clark's Toronto Variety Hall. .101
Druggists
T. B. Morrow 55
Dry Goods
Gordon Drysdale 89
Financial Agents
J. M. Buxton & Co 53
Innes & Bichards 79-100
Fish Dealers
A. Fader & Co 55
Furnished Rooms
The Secord House 98
Furniture
Shelton& Co 73
General Dealers
Anglo-Columbia Co 51
Hardware
Thos. Dunn & Co 16
Harness & Saddlery
D.Wilson 53
B. F. Heney 77
Hotels page
Hotel Vancouver  2
The Manor House 41
Leland House 45
House Furnishings
F. W. Hart 27
Insurance
Innes & Bichards 79-100
Japanese Goods
Sun Ban 55
Lumber Dealers
Geo. Cassidy & Co 55
Boyal City Mills 65
Men's Furnishings
Dunlap, Cooke & Co 27
Real Estate
Innes & Bichards  79-100
J. M. Buxtou & Co 53
Railways
Canadian Pacific Bail way 14
Steamship Companies
UnionS. I Co 39
Soap Makers
Pacific Soap Works 43
Sheet Iron Works
H. Hatch 77
Ships' Supplies
John Leckie 71
Transfer Companies
Vancouver Gurney Cab and Delivery Co 45
Tobacconists.
S. Ginfczburger 79
Teaming
Thos. Veitch 79
Wine Merchants
J. Colcutt&Co 71
J. C. Douglas 75
NANAIMO.
Boots & Shoes page
Whitfields 33
Orr & Eendell 71
Butchers
Hull Bros.. *...69
Hemans & Wamsley 33
Booksellers and Stationers
Baper, Baper & Co	
Chemists
Nanaimo Pharmacy ,
Candy Factory
Mason 98
PAGB
...98
...33 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
105
Dye Works page
Nanaimo Steam Dye Works 73
Dry Goods
Spencer & Perkins 39
J. S. Stannard & Co 73
Financial Agents
W. B. Leighton 22
Chas. R. Hardy & Co 33
C. Dempster & Co 33
Marcus Wolfe 33
Furniture
J. Hilbert 1 22
Fish Dealers
Nanaimo Fishing Co 33
Grocers
W. S. Santo & Co 67
Hotels
Windsor Hotel 14
Summerset House, Wellington. .73
Hardware
VanHouten & Bandle 71
Insurance
W. K. Leighton 22
A. E. Planta & Co 61
Marcus Wolfe 33
C. C. McKenzie 33
C. Dempster & Co 33
Lumber Mills
A. Haslam Cover.
Coal Companies
New Vancouver Coal Co... .Cover.
Real Estate
A. E. Planta & Co 61
CC. McKenzie 33
Chas. B. Hardy & Co 33
C. Dempster & Co 33
W. K. Leighton 22
Hawthornthwaite & Co 22
Tailors
Morgan & Comerford 33
NEW WESTMINSTER
Boots & Shoes
Toronto Shoe Store 73
Booksellers
H. Morey & Co 86
Carpets & Rugs
P. Peebles 73
Dry Goods
J. W. Harvey 87
H. B. Shadwell & Co 89
Hardware
Thos. Dunn & Co 16
Hotels
The Colonial 27
Depot Hotel 75
The Queen's 69
Hotel Douglas 41
Central Hotel 79
Iron Works
Beid & Currie, Iron Works 43
Lumber Mills
Boyal City Mills 65
Brunette Saw Mill Cover.
The Hotel Dallas
DALLAS    ROAD,   VICTORIA.
The   TOURIST'S   HOTEL
B^M.g>rcVE-trJ3'i
.^Mg^BliB
sg^ap
Ejgggll;
OF VICTORIA.
BSKf
»■
Commanding; a splendid view of the Straits
of San Juan de Fuca and entrance to harbor.
The Hotel is conducted on the American plan.
RATES, PER DAY, FROM $3 to $5.
T7\T3Vl,  JEIESraiESIN",        -        Proprietor. 106
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
ABC Descriptive Guide  5
Agricultural Associations  66
Associations  80
Addenda  103
British Columbia  3
Boards of Trade  98
Board of Underwriters  80
Banks and Bankers  78
Bank Holidays  78
B. C. Senators  84
B. C. Bepresentatives  86
Boat Bates  91
Business Directory  102
China Steamers	
Coal Statistics	
Coal Mines and Mining Companies.
C.imate	
Churehes  	
Clubs 	
Cities	
25
50
52
68
83
80
88
Difference in Time  34
Dairying Districts'  64
Dominion Government Office^  86
Express Offices  35
Exports and Imports  78
Education   96
Fish	
Fishing, flake)	
Fishing, (river)	
Farming and Farm Districts	
Fruit	
Fruit growing Districts (see addenda)
Foreign Consuls
Game, where to find it	
Gold and S.lver Mining Statistics.
Gold Commissioners	
Government Agents.
Hotels, Leading	
Health and Pleasure Besorts...
Hunting	
Horticultural Society	
Hack and Livery Rates	
Height of Western Mountains.
72
40
40
62
64
64
80
36
54
86
86
38
35
36
66
91
96
Industries   70
Indians  82
Lakes, how to reach them  40
Land Begulations  66
Wal Guide  80
Messenger Service ...
Mines ,.
Mining Notes	
Mining Laws	
Money Order Offices.
Military Guide	
Mountains	
PAOB
. 35
. 46
. 54*
. 58
. 78
. 83
. 95
Newspapers and Periodicals.
Nanaimo, City of	
Navigation Guide	
Notes, General	
New Westminster, City of...
Pacific Coast Steamship Co	
Post Offices and Post Masters	
Postal Guide	
Population	
Provincial Government and Departments 	
Places of Interest	
Rivers, for fishing	
Bailway and Steamer Ticket Offices.
Reminiscence of the Gold Mines....
Sleeping Car Tariff	
Stock Raising	
Stock Raising Districts	
Salmon Pack	
Salmon Shipments	
Salmon Canneries   	
Salmon Canning Companies.
Salmon Fleet	
Savings Banks	
Street Car Service	
Stage Distances	
Seal Hunting	
Stipendiary Magistrates	
Sheriffs	
Societies .',
Tariff of Fares.
Time) Tables—
C. P. B	
C. P. N. Co	
City of Kingston	
N. P. BB	
Great Northern Br	
Fairhaven & Southern BB	
Vancouver to San Francisco	
Esquimalt & Nanaimo BB	
Shuswap & Okanagan BR	
Columbia & Kootenay R. & N. Co.
Victoria to New Westminster	
And Addenda	
83
90
92
96
90
25
29
31
92
84
•99
42
91
60
25
62
64
74
76
74
74
76
78
90
95
76
80
80
80
15
15
15
17
17
17
17
17
19
19
19
103 HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
107
1
PAGE
Victoria to Nanaimo & Comox.... 19
Victoria to Alberni - ~... 19
Victoria to Northern Ports  19
And Addenda   103
Fraser Biver Steamers  19
Westminster to Steveston  19
Vancouver to Nanaimo  19
Nanaimo,Vancouver& Westminster 19
Howe Sound & Squamish Biver... 21
Vancouver to Comox  21
Bevelstoke to Little Dalles  21
Vancouver to Chilliwack  21
Okanagan Lake Steamers  21
Golden to Windermere  21
New Westminster Ferry  21
Westminster & Vancouver Tramway Co  21
PAGE
Tickets & Baggage (Information)... 26
Telegraph Offices & Bates  32
Telegraph Offices (in cities)  34
Telephone Service  35
Timber of British Columbia  66
Timber Licenses  66
Table of Distances  95
Trade and Shipping  76
Transfer Companies  92
Tables of General Information  93
Vancouver (city of)  88
Victoria (city of)  88
Westminster (city of)  90
1     E
SwsssassJ
DEALER  IN
WHOLESALE TJ/
j
I      A-
1     X
H
7>
LJ
RETAIL
Builders' Hardware.     Stoves.     Tinware and Graniteware.
Metal Works.    Cornice Work.    Sky-Lights.
Sheet
Roofing.
42 Johnson Street,
VICTORIA,       -        -
B. C
p. o. box 665.
TELEPHONE 228* I
108
HAND-BOOK TO BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TURNER, BEETON & CO.,
Wharf Street, Victoria, B. C.
MER
EETON & CO.,
33 Finsbury Circus, London, Eng.
IMPORTERS.
Agents:   North British and Merchantile Insurance Co.
Guardian Assurance Co.
La Fonciere Marine Assurance.
Inverness  and  Balmoral  Salmon Canneries,   Skeena
River.
Terra Nova, Lulu Island and Pacific Coast Canneries,
Fraser, River.
€>
f®
LATE OF-
The Clydesdale Bank, Limited, St. Andrews and Glasgow.
The Chartered Bank of India, Australia & China, London.
The Bank of British Columbia, Victoria and Nanaimo, B. C.
AOOOUNTA.NTS
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, EXCHANGE AND MORTGAGE BROKERS
70 Douglas Street. VICTORIA.
AGENTS FOR
The Scottish Union and National Iusurance Co. (Fire.)
The British America Assurance Co. (Fire.)
The Federal Life Assurance Co.
The Dominion Building and Loan Association.
The Matsqui Land Company, Limited.
Investments made for non-residents.    Money  Lent  on First
Mortgage at 8 per cent.
CORRESPONDENCE   SOLICITED.
Bankers :—The Bank of British North America, Victoria, B. C.
2F"ox*   Sale
Farms and Farming Lauds in all parts of the Province,
Residences and Residence Lots in Victoria.
(Some Fine Business Properties in Victoria,
«5L NANAIMO SAW MILL
-AND	
SASH AND DOOR FACTORY
A. HASLAM,        -       PROPRIETOR.
Office: Mill Street,   -   NANAIMO, B. C.
P. O. Box 35. Telephone Call 1-9.
A COMPLETE STOCK OF
ROUGH & DRESSED LUMBER,
SHINGLES, LATHS AND PICKETS,
DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, MOULDING, TURNING,
SCROLL    SAWING,
AND ALL KINDS OF WOOD FINISHING,
Cedar    White   Pine.    Redwood.
Harbor and Outside Towinp; done at Reasonable Rates. 

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