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BC Historical Books

North-West American water boundary. Maps annexed to the memorial and reply of the United States' government,… United States 1873

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Array   NORTH AMERICA.    No. 8 (1873).
(F.)
NORTH-WEST AMERICAN WATER BOUNDARY.
MAPS
ANNEXED  TO THE
MORIAL AND REPLY
OF  THE
UNITED   STATES'   GOVERNMENT
SUBMITTED  TO THE
ARBITRATION AND AWARD
OF
HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF GERMANY,
UNDER THE  PROVISIONS  OE THE  TREATY  OE WASHINGTON,
JUNE  12,  1872.
Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty.
June 12, 1873.
LONDON:
PRINTED BY HARRISON AND  SONS. LIST OF CHARTS AND MAP
Q
5.
(A.) Photograph of Map of De Haro.    1790.
(B.) Photograph of Map of Eliza.    1791. §r «
(C.) Photograph of Map of Vancouver.    1798.
(D.) Photograph of Map of Galiano and Valdes.    1802.
(E.) Photograph of Map of Dullot de Mofras.    1844.
(F.) Photograph of Map of "Wilkes.    1845.    \ ,%
(G.) Photograph of Map ofW. Sturgis.    1845.
(H.) Lithograph of United States' Coast Survey Map of Washington Sound and
approaches.
(J.) lithograph of Map of De Haro.    1790. f
(K.) lithograph of Map of Eliza.    1791.
(L.) Lithograph of Spanish Chart published in 1795.
(M.) Cross Sections of Haro and Rosario Channels.
(N.) Sketch to illustrate the Route of the Vessels of the Hudson's Bay Company.
(O.) Copy of Map H, with a blue line drawn southerly from the centre of the
Gulf of Georgia in latitude 49°; with red lines to show the Channels
through Haro northwards; and a yellow line to show the so-called
Rosario Channel.
/fl . /SO   'I      ■     I     ■     I     ■     1     ■     I     I     I     I      I     I      I      I     I     ■     I     T    I".     I     I      I     I     I      !     I     I     1"!     I     I     I     I   "l     I     I     I      I     ■     I    I     I   "■     I      I     I     I     I     I   'I     l^^l     I     I     M     t
■/j .i.i .'v
If      '
. i J i &
41
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1 U * A P
*:«$ 5
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HamS'm&Sans, Photo-Litlt S1 MaMins I.ane.WC
A
MAP of DE HARO.
1790. r
P*4,SJtH*
I*'t/*,folMA9   MtfUfi
/itn-fa, ft- f'mivmo
NOTES.
This is a copy of an extremely interesting chart, preserved in the
Archives of the Topographical Bureau in Washington, among other
manuscript charts come tram Mexico. The original chart comprises
the whole of Vancouver Island. We givo here, however, only that part
of it which represents " Le Fuea Strait and the Rosario Channel,*' so as
they were surveyed and explored in the year 1791, by the Spanish Navigator Eliza. In the title of the chart, translated into English, is stated
the following;—    ! _
"A chart which contains the interior and turning of the coast
" from 48 deg. to 50 deg. N. L., scrupulously examined by the Lieu-
«tenant of the Navy Don Francisco Eliza, Commander of the pocket-
" boat of his Majesty 'San Carlos' and of the galliot' Sta Saturnina'
" (alias 'La Orcasitas1). And the lately made discovery of the
" Great Channel of Nuestra Senora del ltosario, Longitude of the
** Meridian of S. Bias, and after the newest Astronomical Observa-
"tion, made in this port of Santa Crux de Nuca (Naotate) la thin
" year of 1791, by the Captain of the Navy Don Alexander Malaspina.
« All those reconnoitrings were made in this year 1791/*
From this we see that the chart pretends to have been made in the
year 1791, and to represent the surveys and discoveries of Don Francisco
Eliza; and of the truth of this statement it le easy to convince us by a
comparison of the dates and names given on the .short with the dates
and names given in the reports on Elisa's Exploration in the Journal
of the Spanish voyage to these regions tinder Yaldes and Galiano (1793).
Everything that we learn from this report agrees with what we see
depicted on the chart, which is very accurately drawn, and which le
either the very chart made by Eliza himself, or at least a true copy
of it.  '
The chart is so very interesting and valuable because we see the discoveries of Eliza so minutely depicted on it. Eliza was the first who
penetrated into the Rosario Channel—the first who gave this and many
other names. We have no special journal of hie voyage; we possess
only the scattered allusions to bis expedition in the said work of Galiano
aud Yaldes. I have also never seen before his chart, nor ever heard it
alluded to. I believe it was perfectly unknown to all the historians of
the north-western discoveries.
Eliza penetrated nearly to the central part of the great Gulf of Georgia.
Bis names were nearly all adopted and preserved by his successors,
Galiano and Yaldes, in the year 1792; and we shall meet them again on
the chart of these navigators.    (See our collection.)
B
4-9
43°
f/7SO   //V .17+)ft■ C./OSj
MAP of DE FUCA-STRAITrv
ELIZA 1791.
Harris on & Sons. Photo -Lith: S* Martins Lane/W.
B
Mi\P of ELIZA.
179 r.
1.
i—- I V
C
f/750. f/73.   /7^J[f.O.
Harrison 8c Sons.Photo-Lith: S\ Marlins Lane,W C.
C        !   -
MAP of VANCOUVER.
1798. »-
so"
49°
48°
•47*
'arm 2
carta esfebica
de America^
votros Buquesde S.M.
D
/'/do.   t/73. tltJIJ.a W8J
Harrison & S0ns.Ph0t07I.itb: Sl Martins Lane.W i
D.
MAP of the  SUTIL y MEXICANA.
17 9 2.
Publisked iril802.
 ! '
■■sssjMS^ssssnsnssnsssssss^Masss^Msss^"
(tIJO. //7J - ?7+)[f 0. 108 j
E.
MAP of DUFLOT de MOFRAS
I 8 44.
	
	
	 50'
40
4.81
( nso. iIts . (74)^.9. lit]
F.
MAP  of   WILKES
184 5.
_
■     I G
(zooo. /hi. m)[r. a. /c»]
Hafrison& Scms.Photo Lilh: S! .Marhns Lane
G.
MAP of W   STURGIS
18 4 5.  —
,
— Carta que comprehende
P^deS^Iuis
Punfa, de Homay
P&- de Ccarvmo
los intenoresy vertl de la Costa, desde los 48°deladitud N. hasta loo\Jo°ejrammados escrupulosa
mente por el Teniente de Navio de la RlArmada D™Fran™UHza, Comandante del Pcuyuebot de
SMSnCarlos del porU 16 Canonesy ColetaS^l Saturnina {Alias la Orcatitas)
¥ deseuMertp nuevamavte el Cran Canal de Nuestra/ Senora del Rosario arreqladas sus LonyUudes
al Meridiano de S^ Blds.y a Ite ultima observation, Arhvnormras Jiedue en este Puerto de la S^ Cruz de Nuca/
en este ano de 17<91 por el Cap71 de Navio de la BrArrnada D™ Alexandra Malaespina Coinandante de las
Carbetas de J M la Descubierta, y Atrevida>, hechos ertos reeomamientos en este ano de /7<9f.
Note.
f^^ue los parages donde se denota, Anclcb indica, ser buen te-nedero  Z^Ios quadros de Cocrmin que, estcav sobre el veril de-la
Costa,' son ftancheruis de Vndzos, y Las Derrotas delmisrmo color que Oerietv los Puertos, son las aue, se deve/t/ e>xea/dar paroy
tomarlos 3^ En los Puertos que comprehende. esta, Carta, se Tut, observado sucede el flujco ijiaximo el dUv
de la Conpincioib,y Oposicion, a. las iZH de lev tarde,--
Boca de Florida Blartca<
deS^fiafal
Longitud Occidentaldel Mer.diano de San Bias
(WOO   l/l3.   I74j[f0108j
'Pta-deS*Jose^
Vj/Zcujuna. del Garzon,
M
K
'i
.49
fsy^tpdeZ Socorro
|.«
tj
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c
ton
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HARRISON it SONS,  PHOTO.  LITH., 8T.   MARTIN'S LANE, W.C jy,
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■  ■ . ■   I "  I I  I ■■■  .  . |  I I I  I | |  I I I  I  |  ,  ,  ,  ,  | Mil | , , . .  |   I  I l,t |  .  I  ■   I |>,   ,    .. |M  I  M  r,   ,   , ,  | I  I ■!  V |   ,   |  IJ#14J->JirrTr±. ■   r,_. |  ,  , ,  ,,|  I   ,  II  |   ,   , , ,  |   ^^^
CARTA ESFERICA
de losreconocimientoslieolioseii I7S£
EN LA COSTA JV*0.BE AMERICA
PARA EXAMINAR LA ENTRADA
DE JtTAJV  DE FUCA.,
ylaintemacrion de sns Canales nawgables
LEVAOTADA DE ORDEjNT
mmih miEir wiuisotm) sibIscdir
aboTdo de las Goletas
SUTIL Y MEXICAiYA
OP
^D. ^^uyriid^fO U^x£taewy^.(^^^l<ifn^rtx^
Cap>e&isi&t*a/C' tA<xi*e<>'dc>Ja, *Jl£. (^en^uia.
^^ ANO DE 17»«5-
NOTA.
Los humerus de. la Sorcda. son bntzets de dZ vamsca>tte/lafia&.
F    indictt fanal
30
40
25 4°
io to
 ,i.h"=°=a
ADVERTE'jXrCrA
Ids (peoqeafos de,
_j /«at nombne lain .aseaurado desde• swysdmeteSftpteno eocwfra el crfreclu) Ihunaidode <j4i4zndi!tjit£a,en.la. tos£a. tAC/O.fder^tnunea SPstas
Cartas demieeslian que aqurl/a aseecion esiui ekor/asi earno cMW,quef4fiye$€^wtrtfrs%d&prin&      de Atwsiycofrwftjjxtjzxyn del mar del 0 de o/biienea, eon. elnuir
Jcttaevtieo, lo qual se tkaMa sospeoha.de> uUimeimente, jEn, la narraei/>n del viaae de Zas ualetas Qtatil u tjlevcicana, ej44£ astdpom, salir d lug, vera el iy^tibU*
do aue die- orwm destos descubriniientos, el ardor uemp'enocon, quempocos matesse Aaafp^i/udo,ulasoMieu/tad?saetit^ espeaequefui /iabutj> que vetuwpaveritimrefteservicio.
Canal df 1st Salida de las droletas, vis to ad Este
5 i i r " " I I II I I " " I I I i i I  " " j i ■ I i I " " j i ■ I I I " " I ,,,,■	
JO 40 3d 20 fi»
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50 40 J> TO CO
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50 40 8lo to to
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^"1 lfiili'"r|,,i-,|Miii,,,,linil,l,,|inw,,,, 1.,,,1-rmT
4« 3» 20 to 50 40 31
Lo&eiTUD Occidental joe Cajjiz.
To W jo go w
11
51"
55
50
30
SO
.50'
55
50
35
30
H
15
10
49°
55
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35
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jo m so. sb n
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(JtCOO     lit).   I'M) [f 0.106)
HARRISON it SONS, PHOTO. UTH., ST. MARTIN'S LANE, W.C
ZHkJfutvTKMtt***,  Berlin. »msl,..sinlXJi fnfhoma o.
IN LAN
S1MIAHM O O   BAIT
o fathoms
M
CROSS   SECTION    ON    THE    PARALLEL    OF    #9°
Java HoacL
faihomso
10
VANCOUVER I?
jVz72rfOJ7JlfV>
Countchirv Har ^^^fOtc^H
JOB*.
m&WfcPrfflKS  O
100
nob
C^iV^i      DJET     HA HO
Sl'ClA  GROUP
3
ROSARIO  STRAIT
AIN LAND
BELLIITGHAM BAT
-v
\)i
.ft
CROSS   SECTION    ON    THE    PARALLEL     OF   48°^'
fathoms oi^ai
VANCOUVER  ISLAND
Saanich lnltt
SAN   JUAN   ISLAND
CYPRE S 8 A T8HAND
SeUveen S'ithutr  and
harry Islands      .   CANAL  HE   HARO
,&&£& /ja&-/ ■t.<£tfmsmlw,h
Guemes [a
MAIN        LAND
WSIiaMi'sP*-
;Jl||tIWMK/0  mTj^^lh',^^^
Jack* K
*±±£
'e,/jLjtgitn.Tti Box
falho
flk VANCOUVER    ISLAND
.  „    ,      Ssffria   VICTORIA
■mximrtU Harbor ^^°_
CROSS    SECTION    ON    THE    PiLRALLEJL     OF   4.&°:tf'
Ki»ei# v
SAN JUAN 1SLAS1
CaUl«F<
DXov^ld CANAL be HARO
Middle- Bajik .SalmonBank
Jennie F*
LOPKZ     ISLAND
JV2i«ima»itf2i Ft.
ROSARIO     STRAIT
MAIN LAND
FIDALGO    ISLAIYD
CROSS    SECTION    ON    THE    PARALLEL    OF    4*8°25
Scale of Statute Miles
fatWuis
T:
fathom.
(zocv . llu. mjjr.i
I'l. .t.. I ..Mi 5   Mi  itXso
ife-uWefrfimiiKter /
TV
U.S. CO AST   SURVEY
An.BACHl Superiut»n.dieitfc
WASHINGTON SOUND
AND APPROACHES
WASHINGTON TERRITORY
Sdale 2oodoo.
Hforth WearteritBoipuilary .	
Tfaified.
JEJBUgard
.dsecxt.CoajStSurvey
.Bt,<k*q/tpfqfic<..
Statute Miles.
Nautical Miles.
In addition, in the. rectmitaiazances and, survgir.fyr Commander JStanes
Aldm. and. Lieut JiM.Cuyer aSJT, George. Duxfidgyn. and J- J%Itawsvnjfxrart
atcts V.S.Coctfi Surrey, iJie- followingmatxAal has bta>  ased, in. -£ht emnpi
lotion, of this chart'
Charts- of the, Sritsh ^dan7traJtfbr Capti. GJCftuhard? andJbnry'Iblfeltfiir'
Map of-Qie lfoi^m'edfenvBottnddiy,Ar3aliaM,Cam>beIl., Commissiontr.
IT. S Land, Ofpce, Surrqys
Charts of/sw V'.S.IlajjloiisiglljqvditioTt/vnderecmmuaid o/'Ctytf C/uatrs
wakes asM
The adrorwrracal and, magnetic, ohterraticna were, made, try Astsutant
George Baridson/ in /SSS iSS and '<%>.
The Ihant/ulaHvn was executed/ at mtervafa helween.
Use- lbpogmyohfr A- j^dtvgmsahy. tr >
7853 and ms>
*&Hand,i856
Vfoo
0
So
40
3o
10
4S'00
II
i23*5o'
30
faoao. 1/73. /7*)/F.0.lq6
LifltxThMttLke ixt Berlin.
HARRISON & SONS, PHOTO.   UTH.,  ST. MARTIN'S LANE, W.C.

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