Open Collections

BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

BC Historical Books

Protocol signed at Washington on the 10th of March 1873, defining the boundary line through the Canal… Great Britain. Parliament 1873

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcbooks-1.0222304.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcbooks-1.0222304.json
JSON-LD: bcbooks-1.0222304-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcbooks-1.0222304-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcbooks-1.0222304-rdf.json
Turtle: bcbooks-1.0222304-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcbooks-1.0222304-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcbooks-1.0222304-source.json
Full Text
bcbooks-1.0222304-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcbooks-1.0222304.ris

Full Text

Array 
NORTH AMERICA.    No. 10 (1873).
PROTOCOL
SIGNED-AT WASHINGTON ON THE 10th OE MARCH, 1873,
DEFINING THE
BOUNDARY  LINE
THROUGH THE
CANAL  DE  HARO,
IN ACCORDANCE "WITH THE
AWARD I0F THE EMPEROR OF GERMANY
OE
OCTOBER 21.1872.Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty.
1873.
[C—735.]   
LONDON:
PRINTED BY HARRISON AND SONS.  Protocol signed at Washington on the 10th of March, 1873,
defining the Boundary Line through the Canal de Haro, in
accordance with the Award of the Emperor of Germany of
October 21, 1872,
WHEREAS it was provided by the 1st Article of the Treaty between Great Britain
and the United States of America, signed at Washington on the 15th of June, 1846, as
follows:—
" ARTICLE I.
I From the point on the 49th parallel of north latitude, where the boundary laid down
in existing Treaties and Conventions hetween Great Britain and the United States
terminates, the line of boundary, between the territories of Her Britannic Majesty and
those of the United States, shall he continued westward along the said 49th parallel of
north latitude, to the middle of the channel which separates the Continent from Vancouver's
Island ; and thence southerly through the middle of the said channel, and of Fuca's
Straits, to the Pacific Ocean ; provided, however, that the navigation 'of the whole of the
said channel and straits, south of the 49th parallel of north latitude, remain free and open
to both Parties."
And whereas it was provided by the XXXIVth Article of the Treaty between Great
Britain and the United States of America, signed at Washington on the 8th of May, 1871,
as follows :—
P^^^&^%#^ .'"'.'!i"? ARTICLE XXXIV. -^>''<'vr &«i»  —> wf|j    ^.
" Whereas it was $)tipulated by Article I of ^he Treaty concluded at Washington on
the 15th of June, 1846, between Her Britannic Majesty and the United States, that the
line of boundary between the territories of Her Britannic Majesty and those of the United
States, from the point on the 49th parallel of north latitude, up to which it had already
been ascertained, should be continued westward along the said parallel of north latitude to,
the middle of the channel which separates the Continent from Vancouver's Island, and
thence southerly through the middle of the said channel and of Fuca Straits to the Pacific
Ocean, ancLwhereas the Commissioners appointed by the two High Contracting Parses
t^. determine that portion of the boundary which runs southerly through the middle
of the channel aforesaid were unable to agree upon the same; and whereas the
Government of Her Britannic Majesty claims that such boundary line should, undej the
terms of the Treaty above recited, be run through the Rosario Straits, and the Government
of the United States claims that it should be run through the Canal de Haro, it is agreed
that the respective cloiiftS of the Government of Her Britannic Majesty, and of i$L$
Government of the United States shall be submitted to the arbitration and award of His
Majesty the Emperor of Germany, who, having regard to the abovementioned Article of
the said Treaty, shall decide thereupon, finally and without appeal, which of those claims
is most injaccordance with the true interpretation of the Treaty of June 15, 1846."
And whereas His Majesty the Emperor of Germany has, by his award dated the
21st of October, 1872, decided that "Mit der richtigen Auslegung der zwischen den
Regierungen Ihrer Britischen Majestat und der vereinigten Staaten von Amerika
geschlossenen Vertrages de dato Washington den 15ter Juni, 1846, steht der Anspruch
der Regierung der vereinigten Staaten am meissten im Einklange, dass die Grenzlinie
zwischen den Gebieten Ihrer Britischen Majestat und den vereinigten Staaten durch den
Haro Kanal gezogen werde.5'
[306| B2 The Undersigned, the Right Honourable Sir Edward Thornton, one of Her Majesty's
Most Honourable Privy Council, Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of
the Bath, Her Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to
the United States of America, and Rear-Admiral James Charles Prevost, Commissioner of
Her Britannic Majesty in respect of the boundary aforesaid, and Hamilton Fish, Secretary
of State of the United .States, duly, authorized, by their respective Governments to trace
out and mark on charts preparea for that purpose the line of boundary in conformity with
the award of His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, and to complete the determination of
so much of the boundary line between the possessions of Great Britain and the territory of
the United States, as was left uncompleted by the Commissioners heretofore appointed to
carry into effect the 1st Article of the Treaty of 15th June, 1846, have met together at
Washington, and have traced out and marked the said boundary Jjne on fou£)charts,
severally entitled "North America, West Coast, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Channels
between the Continent and Vancouver Island, showing the Boundary Line between British
and American Possessions, from the Admiralty Surveys by Captains H. Kellett, R.N.,
1847, and G. H. Richards, R.N., 1858-1862 ;" and having on examination agreed that the
lines so traced and marked on the respective charts are identical, they have severally signed
the said charts on behalf of UHeir respective Governments, two copies thereof to be retained
by the Government of Her Britannic Majesty, and two copies thereof to be retafared by
the Government of the United States, to serve with the " Definition of the Boundary
Line " attached hereto, showing the general bearings of the line of boundary as laid down
on the charts, as a perpetual record of agreement between the two Governments in the
matter of the line of boundary between their respective dominions, unde'Mhe 1st Article
of the Treaty concluded at Washington on the 15th of June, 1846.
In witness whereof the Undersigned have signed this Protocol, and have hereunto
affixed their seals.
Done in duplicate at Washington, this 10th day of March, in the year 1873.
EDWD. THORNTON. (L.S.)
JAMES C. PREVOST. (L.S.)
HAMILTON FISH. (L.S.)
Definition of the Boundary Line.
wo*
The chart upon which the boundary line between the British and United States'
Possessions is laid down is entitled "North America, West Coast, Strait of Juan de Fuca,
and the-Channels between the Continent and Vancouver Island, showing the Boundary Line
between British and American Possessions, from the Admiralty Surveys by C^mata!
H. Kellett, R.N., 1847, and Gi H. Richards, R.N., 1858-1862."
The boundary line thus laid down on the chart is a black line, shaded red on the side
of the British Possessions, 'and blue on the side of the Possessions of the United States.
The boundary line thus defined commences at the point on the 49th parallel of north
latitude on the west side of Point Robarts, which is marked by a stone monument, and the
line is continued along the same parallel to the middle of the channel which separates the
Continent from Vancouver Island, that is to say, to a point in Iongi&ide 123° 19' 15" west,
as shown in the said chart.
It then proceeds in a direction abcrtit south 50° east (true) for about fifteen geogra^iSeSi
miles, when it curves to the southward passing equidistant between the west point of Patos
Island and the east point of Saturna Island un$l the point midway on a line-drawn between
Turn Point on Stewart Island and Fairfax Point on Moresby Island bears south 68° west
(true), distant 10 miles, then on a course south 68° west (true) 10 miles to the said point
midway between Turn Point or Stewart Island and Fairfax Point on Moresby Island^
thence on a course about south 12° 30' east (true) for about 8§>miles to a point due
east 1 mile from the northernmost kelp reef, which reef, on the said chart, is laid
down as in latitude 48° 33' north and in longitude 123° 15' west; then its direction
continues about south 20° 15' east (true) 64-' miles to a point midway between Sea Bird
Point on Discovery Island and Pile Point on San Juan Island, thence «in a straight line*
south 45° east (true) until it touches the north end of the middle bank in between 13 and
18 fathoms of water; from this /point the line takes a general south 28° 3u we6tJ^Krecti®ji
^i*ue) for7 about 10 miles, when it #e&efe$fe the centre of the fairway of the ^Slrait of
Man de -Fuea^^whieh by the chart-^^ in the latitude of 48° 17' wOrth-^and Iftlig^tude
123° 14' 40" west.
Thence the line runs in a direction south 73° west (true) for 12 miles to a point on - —
a straight line drawn from the light-house on Race Island to Angelos Point midway between
the same.
Thence the line runs through the centre of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, first, in a
direction north 80° 30' west about 5| miles to a point equidistant on a straight line between
Beechey Head on Vancouver Island and Tongue Point on the shore of Washington
Territory; second, in a direction north 76° west about 13J miles to a point equidistant in
a straight line between Sherringham Point on Vancouver Island and Pillar Point on
the shore of Washington Territory; third, in a direction north 68° west about 30f miles to
the Pacific Ocean at a point equidistant between Bonilla Point on Vancouver Island and
Tatooch Island lighthouse on the American shore, the line between the points being nearly
due north and south (true).
The courses and distances as given in the foregoing description are not assumed to be
perfectly accurate, but are as nearly so as is supposed to be necessary to a practical definition of the line laid down on the chart and intended to be the boundary line.
(Signed) EDWD. THORNTON.
JAMES C. PREVOST.
HAMILTON FISH.
M
< 

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcbooks.1-0222304/manifest

Comment

Related Items