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Proceedings of the fifteenth annual session of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia of the Independent… Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Grand Lodge of British Columbia 1889

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Array PROCEEDINGS
-OF THE
FIFTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION
OF THE	Grand Lodge of British Columbia
OF THE
INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS,
—HELD AT-
VICTOBIA
13th,  14th and  15th OF FEBRUARY,   1889.
Victoria, B. C.
THE COLONIST" STEAM PRINTING HOUSE,
1889.  PROCEEDINGS
OF THE-
FIFTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION
OF THE-
Gran
•   i  9
FlllS
1        1 *
£*■**•, I **g*^ ^**§/**& §**%
uililil;\jl
OF THE-
INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS,
—HELD AT-
"V"IOTOE,I-A.
13th,   14th and  15th OF FEBRUARY,   1889
VICTORIA, B. C.
"THE COLONIST" STEAM PRINTING HOUSE,
1889.  IPIROCJEIEIDIlsrGi-
■OF THE-
Grand Locke of
ritish Columbia, I.
FIFTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION
Oddfellow's Hall, Victoria, B. C,
13th February, 1889.
The Grand Lodge assembled on the above date at 10.30
A. M., pursuant to notice.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
A. Phillips, P. G. M  .Acting Deputy Grand Master.
H. Waller, P. G. M      "     Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
G. H. Maynard      "      Treasurer.
W. McColl, P. G. M  " Representative.
W. H. Flewm  " Marshal.
T. C. Gray  j Guardian.
W. H. Huxtable  " Herald.
F. Carne, P. G. M  " Chaplain.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal examined all present and reported
them duly qualified.
The Grand Chaplain invoked the Divine blessing.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
opened for business.
The Chair appointed the following Committee on Credentials : Eep. Holmes, No. 1; Rep. Meldram, No. 2; Rep.
McCorvie, No. 3.
Report read from Committee on Credentials. 656
Oddfellow's Hall,
Victoria, 1 C, 13th February, 1889
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.
Your Committee on Credentials beg to report that we
have examined the Credentials submitted, and find the following accredited as Representatives to this Grand Lodge:—
FROM VICTORIA LODGE, No. 1.
W. H. Huxtable, T. J. Partridge, D. Dale,
T. R. Mitchell, W. Templeman, W. Steele,
W. H. Flewin, W. E. Holmes, J. G. Taylor.
G. Williams, R. Mcintosh,
FROM COLUMBIA LODGE, No. 2. \
R. W. Fawcett, J. H. Meldram, G. H. Maynard,
J. Pope, P. W. Dempster, A. Henderson,
J* Sears, R. P. McLennan, F. Norris.
W. Craft,
FROM NEW WESTMINSTER LODGE, No. 3.
W. McColl, J. E. Phillips, B. W. Shiles.
R. H. Baker, A. McCorvie,
FROM DOMINION LODGE, No. 4. - ]
J. E. Phillips, T. Bamford, L. Cousins,
P. A. Babington, W. Walker, J. Holland.
FROM BLACK DIAMOND LODGE, No. 5.
E. Quennell, J. Crossan, A. McGregor.
Geo. Ramsay, W. H. Morton,-
FROM HARMONY LODGE, No. 6.
R. Scott, A. Clarkson, R. Kilpatrick,
J. Thompson, J. Hoskin, B. Shearing.
G. Williams,
FROM EXCELSIOR LODGE, No. 7.
J. C. Henderson, R. Campbell.
FROM VANCOUVER LODGE, No. 8.
J. B. Henderson, T. C. Gray, W. Beavis.
W. Vivian,
FROM TATNAI LODGE, No. 9.
W. Edmunds, S. Clarke, Geo. Loney. m
Also that the following Past Grands are entitled to seats
in this Grand Lodge:—
FROM VICTORIA LODGE, No. 1.
G. W. Anderson,
J. Dixon,
C. Hayward,
J. D. Robinson,
J. Doughty,
S. T. Styles,
R. Roberts,
F. Carne,
E. Fawcett,
M. Hart,
J. M. Read,
C. Hegele,
F. Davey,
J. Weiler,
J. Davies,
C. Gowen,
A. Phillips,
A. Rome,
F. Page,
E. C. Holden
FROM COLUMBIA LODGE, No. 2.
J. Fell,
J. P. Goodhue,
J. E. McMillan
S. Adler,
W. Harrison,
W. Croft,
M. Baker,
H. Waller,
W. F. Archibald,
W. J. Pendray,
W. H. Mixer,
M. Young,
A. B. Gray,
M. Humber,
W. Shears,
J. W. Carey,
J. Hawkins,
R. Hall, Jr.
J. Partridge.
FROM NEW WESTMINSTER LODGE, No. 3.
W. J. Armstrong, H. Elliott, A. Ewan,
J. E. Insley, J. A. Calbick, H. Hoy,
S. T. Mackintosh, G. Raymond, T. J. Forfar,
L. F. Bonson, E. S. ScouUar, G. Turner.
P. J. Foulds,
FROM DOMINION LODGE, No. 4.
J. Wriglesworth, W. D. McKillican, H. Smith,
0. Warner, E. Cameron, W. Ralph,
G. Bishop, A. G. McCandless, A. J. Gray
F. T. Sherborne, E. Fletcher,
FROM BLACK DIAMOND LODGE, No. 5.
G. Norris, M. Bate, J. Mahrer,
R. Rivers, A. Galloway, B. Baker,
J. Hilbert, W. Miller, J. Wilcox,
J. Hemner, J. Phillips, H. McAdie.
FROM HARMONY LODGE, No. 6.
E. Hoskin, J. Work, J. Green.
FROM EXCELSIOR LODGE, No. 7.
J. A. Campbell, M. McSween, J, McCutcheon,
D, J. Kennedy, 658
Also that the following are entitled to the Grand Lodge
Degree:—
E. Fawcett, of Victoria Lodge, No. 1.
R. P. McLennan and W. Craft, of Columbia Lodge, No. 2.
G. Raymond and T. J. Forfar, of New Westminster Lodge, No. 3.
G. Bishop and J. Holland, of Dominion Lodge, No. 4.
J. Hilbert and W. Miller, of Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5.
R. Kilpatrick and G. Williams, of Harmony Lodge, No. 6.
W. Beavis and J. B. Henderson, of Vancouver Lodge, No. 8.
S. Clarke and G. Loney, of Tatnai Lodge, No. 9.
We find that Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, and Tatnai
Lodge. No. 9, have not attached the Seal of the Lodge to the
Representatives Certificates.
All of which is fraternally submitted.
WM. E. HOLMES, | ]
JOHN H. MELDRAmI
A. McCORTIE, J
Committee
on Credentials,
Moved, seconded and carried,—That the Report be adopted
as read.
The Grand Marshal retired and introduced the Past
Grands in attendance, and the Grand Lodge Degree was conferred on E. Fawcett, No. 1; R. P. McLennan and A. Henderson, No. 2: A. G. McCandless and J. Holland, No. 4; W.
Beavis and J. B. Henderson, No. 8; and S. Clarke, No. 9.
It was moved, seconded and carried,—That the Grand
Master be authorized to appoint Special Committees on
" Judiciary " and ;c Correspondence."
The Chair appointed the following to fill vacancies on
the Standing Committees:—
Finance—J. E. Phillips, No. 3; R. P. McLennan, No. 2.
Appeals—J. E. Phillips, No. 4.
Laws of Subordinates—W. E. Holmes, No. 1; J. H. Meldram,
No. 2 ; J. B. Henderson. No. 8; W. Edmunds, No. 9.
State of the Order—J. Holland, No. 4.
Legislation—A. Henderson, No. 2 ; J. E. Phillips, No. 3; P. W,
Dempster, No. 2; W. H. Morton, No. 5, 659
And also the following to form the Special Committees:—
Correspondence—W. McColl, P. G. M., No. 3; R. Mcintosh, No.
1; S. Clarke, No. 9.
Judiciary—W. Templeman, No. 1; H. Waller, P. G. M., No. 2;
B. W. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3.
The Grand Master read his Report of the past year:
Victoria, B. C, February 13th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0.0. F.
Representatives I—I have the honor for the second time
to extend to you my fraternal greetings, and to present my
report at this our fifteenth Annual Session and twenty-fifth
year of the introduction of Our Order in British Columbia.
The increase to our membership though not equal to that of
last year, exceeds that of every other since our institution,
and I am of opinion, that at the close of the present year, this
jurisdiction will be entitled to two representatives in the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, if my successor will energetically
devote his time, and bring to the office of Grand Master,
ability and tact in performing the duties of his position.
In reviewing the work of the past year, I am impressed
with the importance of the position of Grand Master and the
necessity, if we are to prosper, of always selecting as the
head of this jurisdiction, the best and most earnest of workers. I mention this in a spirit of candor, desiring only, that
in your choice of office bearers, you will always consider the
Welfare of the Order above every other consideration.
I hope that the work of the Session may be productive
of good, and that your deliberations may illustrate those
characteristics that Oddfellowship teaches.
DECISIONS.
1. That only one degree could be conferred on a candidate
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unless by dispensation.
2. Officers of a Subordinate Lodge, must obey the District
Deputy Grand Master's written interpretation of the laws
until reversed by the Grand Master or Grand Lodge,
3. Question—What constitutes the regular business, and
when is a motion to close in order ?
Answer—All business included in the " Order of Business," and a motion to close is only in order after the regular
business has been gone through, 660
4. What is your opinion, interpretation and application I
of Sec. 195, Digest ?
Answer—It is, that the ruling applies to any civilized
country, and that a Lodge being satisfied as to the bona fldem
of a claim for benefits, must pay such benefits in full.
6. I gave an opinion, that a candidate for initiation was
not eligible for membership who was living and cohabitatingj
with a woman and not married to her.
7. That Lodges  must direct when and how its funds
shall be drawn, and its officers and committees are only emJ
powered to transact the business as directed by resolution, orj
as governed by by-laws and only in extreme emergency, when
the Lodge might suffer loss, if immediate action is not  taken,!
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should the rule be deviated from,
8. I defined By-Law  XV of No.   5,  that  the fee of a
brother joining at the age of 58 would be—
Being over 50 $20 00
8 additional years  40 00
Total .§60 00
(VANCOUVER, NO.  8.)
9. Can a Lodge receive a second notice of motion to amend
a by-law, until the first notice of motion has been finally]
disposed of ?
Answer—Yes! I find no law placing a limit to the]
number of notices of motions to amend a by-law. You are I
governed by by-law No. 70.    See Digest 1100.
10. Having duly received such second notice of motion to]
amend, and it having been read three nights, can it be ruled I
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out of order to consider it, the first notice to amend, said by-j
law having been lost.
Answer—The time to object, if allowable, was when the
notice to amend was offered, and then according to your Rule]
of Order XXIII, opportunity would have been given to have
ascertained the Lodges wishes, and no one can be permitted]
to take advantage of his own neglect, (Digest 1099.) Sectioni
ll02 Digest, to which attention was drawn, does not apply to
a notice of motion to alter a by-law, such questions as are gov-!
erned by 1102, would in this jurisdiction, be controlled by law]
*• * »>
on page 78 ot our proceedings,  permitting two amendments) 661
to a motion, but no alteration or amendment to a notice of
motion to amend a by-law is admissable, but must be voted
upon as presented, (Digest 138a.)
WITHDRAWAL  CARDS.
In answer to questions on this subject, I drew attention
to our proceedings  on pages 604 and 605.
(COLUMBIA   LODGE.)
12. Question—A brother suspended for non-payment
of dues now seeks for reinstatement in his own Lodge, his
petition being granted, what fee should be charged ?
Answer—This case comes under 708 Digest, you would
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be governed by by-law XV.
13. What is the qualifications for Vice Grand?
Answer—Twentv-six weeks services as an inferior
officer, and in attendance at least a majority of nights of the
term, or if absence from sickness and leave granted, a brother
would be eligible to the chair, (Digest 914, 918, 924.)
However our Grand Lodge in 1882, pages 241 and 242,
in the petition of Jackson vs. Harrison, decided, that although
the brother had served but five nights, he having by the re-
cords of his Lodge been excused nine nights, entitled him to
the honors of the office, this ruling is contrary to that of the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, which must always be taken as  the
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most active and controlling law. I therefore decide, that any
officer who is present in the lodge-room a majority of the
meeting nights of his term, (unless excused from sickness) is
eligible to the position of Vice Grand, (Digest 264 and 264a.)
14. What is a non-affiliated Odd Fellow, and how does
he differ from a suspended member ?
Answer—I understand the term.of "non affiliated" Odd
Fellow to mean, a member of the order who has been deprived
of certain rights and privileges for non-payment of dues, and
over one year having elapsed. To be reinstated such brother
must present a petition in writing, pay the fee charged for
an initiate, and be voted upon as prescribed by Art. VII,
Clause 2, and Art. Ill of your constitution, and Art. XV of
your by-laws. A suspended member for non-payment of dues,
within one year, can only be asked for one years dues, and be
reinstated by a two-third vote of the members present. 662
VANCOUVER  LODGE.
15. Question—Can a visiting member who has a legal
card, but not the A. T. P. W. nor order for the same, be
admitted ?
Answer—No! The A. T. P. W. is one of the tests by
which travelling brothers are tried, (Digest 973). The right
of visiting is  clearly laid  down in section 1403 Digest; a
CT t/ CT '
brother must have proper credentials  and be  able to prove
himself in the work, (Digest 1406, 1422.)
16. Does a brother require to have his dues paid in advance for a year before he is entitled to the A. T. P. W.
Answer—No! A brother is entitled, to .the A. T. P. W.
when a card has been granted, whether the card is for a month
or a year; but he could not visit if the card is out of date
even though he has the A. T. P. W.
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There is only one conclusion to arrive at—" That mem-
bers of other jurisdictions must have legal cards, with the A.
T. P. W. or a letter authorizing its communication, before a
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Lodge can admit visiting brothers.
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(tatnai lodge.)
17. What constitutes a Past Grand and when is the
Junior P. G. entitled to the honor.
Answer—One who has filled the chair of Noble Grand
for a majority of nights or the balance of a term, the title
being given for services as officer of a Subordinate Lodge, so
OCT CT    7
soon as he surrenders the Noble Grand's chair to his successor
in office, (Digest 1001 and 1003.)
A Junior Past Grand is not strictly an officer of the Lodge,
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but he should occupy the seat of Past Grand one. term, and
deliver the Past Grand's charge at initiation, (Digest 1014.)
18. Can a brother enter or retire from a Lodge room
during an initiation or conferring of degrees.
ct Oct
Answer—No.   Digest 1204 A.
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18. Is a motion to adjourn in order before all the orders of
the evening have been called ?
Answer—A motion to adjourn a Lodge to another day
or time is never in order, but a motion to adjourn sine die is
always in order.    Digest 1202, 20. Is it compulsory for every qualified brother present
in a Lodge to vote ?
Answer—Yes.    Digest 1216.
20. Can a Noble Grand call a Past Grand to preside and
still remain in the Lodge, and would the business be legally
transacted ? Yes, if not objected to by the Lodge at any time
during the occupancy of the chair bv the Past Grand.
Digest 1209.
I. 0. 0. F. Grand Lodge of British Columbia:
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Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, July 19th, 1888
To Columbia Lodge, No. #,1. 0. 0. F., Victoria:
Sirs and Brothers,—Replying to your communication of
the 18th instant, stating that | upon motion it was resolved
that the judgment in " the case of Bone vs. this Lodge be
referred to the Grand Master, and his official opinion be asked
upon the same," and enclosing a copy of the judgment of the
Chief Justice, has been received.
In response to your wishes, I would call your attention
to pages 571 and 631 of our proceedings for the history of the
case under discussion prior to action being taken in the civil
court, and tried July 5th, before His Lordship, Sir Matthew
Baillie Begbie, Chief Justice. The amount sued for being
thirty dollars at the commencement, was, before the trial,
increased to two hundred and fifty dollars. Upon the evidence
of the plaintiff alone, the Chief Justice stated that it was
unnecessary to take up the time of the Court with examinin
witnesses. I am aware that although the judgment, pecuniarily, was satisfactory to the Lodge, the remarks made by
His Lordship, in delivering judgment, have been commented
i.  ' CT  *J CT '
upon both by members of our Order as well as non-members,
and this, coupled with the reports of newspapers and their
correspondents, prompted, no doubt, your solicitor, Bro.
Thornton Fell, to obtain the written judgment on which I am
asked to give an official opinion.
After a careful perusal of the written judgment, it has
given me quite a different impression to that created by the
verbal one delivered at the trial. I am of opinion that the
true meaning of the by-law is that " benefits " are payable to 664
a brother who is prevented by sickness or accident from
earning his livelihood at any occupation; or in other words
all occupations must be debarred him by reasons of his sickness or accident from gaining a livelihood; not that he must
have an occupation before he would be entitled to benefits;
but, that he was unfitted by reason of his sickness or accident
from engaging in any or all occupations for which he would
receive compensation. The by-law attempts to prevent imposition by those who might endeavor to take advantage of
the Lodge.
The point raised by the Chief Justice attacks the foundation stone of the Order, and although I may not presume to
question the Judgment, I can, at least, explain the law bearing
on the question which you, as Odd Fellows, are bound to
accept until reversed by the higher tribunals of our Order.
Having been present as a witness in the case, I am aware that
His Lordship, the Chief Justice, held at the trial, that the
plaintiff having no occupation to follow, no claim could be
made upon the Lodge for benefits; in his remarks he said that
one must be possessed of something before he can be deprived
of it, and having no occupation, he is therefore not prevented
from following it, and although the Chief Justice stated that
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he agreed with my decision, the reasons are entirely at vari-
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ance, and as to His Lordship's remarks as to the liability of
the Trustees of the Lodge for the payment of benefits to
Bone, the By-Laws show that this is not in keeping with the
duties of the Trustees, who have nothing to do with such
payments.
Art. IV, Sec. 2, of your Constitution now in force, reads:
3 Every member qualified, as required by the By-Laws of
his Lodge shall, in case of being disabled by sickness or bodilv
accident from following any occupation or otherwise earning
a livelihood, be entitled to and may receive such weekly
benefits as may be fixed by by-law, from the funds of the
Lodge, etc."
O     '
Art. XX, Sec. 1, of your by-laws, reads:
" A member not disqualified to receive" benefits who, by
sickness or accident may be rendered incapable of earning a
livelihood, shall receive from the funds of the Lodge (in the
case of the plaintiff) ten dollars per week for the first six
months' continuous sickness, seven dollars and fifty cents per
week for the next six months' continuous sickness, and five
dollars per week after twelve months' continuous sickness, etc." 665
Your by-laws can be- repealed, amended, suspended,
altered or annulled, by complying with certain recognized
methods, and must not conflict with the Constitution as given
vou by the Grand Lodge.
The Constitution and By-Laws of the date of the plaintiffs joining tlie Order are obsolete, and do not govern your
Lodge, but I mention them as the Chief Justice laid particular
stress upon the word usual having been changed for the word
any, in Section 22, which read usual occupation and now
reads any occivpation, the Chief Justice was, however, of
opinion that the word usual in the plaintiff's case was the
more against his contention, the judgment I herewith give in
extenso.
BONE vs. COLUMBIA LODGE, No. 2.
I think the true meaning of Rule 22 (old rules) (Art. 22, Sec. 1, new
rules) is that the "benefits" are only payable to a brother who is prevented from earning his livelihood at his usual occupation. This was the
express form of the promise in the rules when the plaintiff joined the
Order, though the epithet " usual" has been recently omitted. I think
such occupations and employments only are contemplated as are actually
followed by the incapacitated person for the purpose of a livelihood. It
is quite clear that the plaintiff was not in October, 1886, engaged in any
such occupation or employment, nor, had he been so engaged for 14 or 15
years previous to the accident. If a man's ordinary occupation be to
walk to and from his club daily, to read the newspapers and see his
friends, and he can after his accident no longer walk there so easily or
with the same activity, does Rule 22 mean that he is to receive $10 per
week for that ? The plaintiff says that at the time of the accident he was
H fact doing nothing—but that he was contemplating doing a little gardening, thinking of getting some chickens which he intended to look after
himself—" perhaps " keep a cow, and that he hoped to make some profit
out of these, but was by his fall incapacitated from attending to any such
matters. These were mere schemes in prospect entirely. He does not
say that he had a cow at the time or a single chicken, or that he had ever
been a market gardener, or kept a chicken ranch, or knew arything about
cows or chickens or gardens. It is quite clear that he might have been a
loser by each and all of these undertakings. According to my own experience he certainly would have been. At all events such speculative
and contingent possibilities of profit are not matters for which he could
recover any damages; and though that rule does not definitely and conclusively bind the rights of a brother to claim " benefits n yet is a very
fair guide to follow in considering the matter in respect of which this
benevolent) society can be taken to guarantee its members. The latter
rules omit the word "usual" and promise "benefits" to a brother if he
be incapacitated from pursuing "any" occupation. The plaintiff reads
this as entitling him to $10 a week if he can point out any avocation for
which the accident incapacitated him. It seems more reasonable to take
"any" as equivalent to "all," i. e. to take the rule as promising relief if
the disabled brother is incapacitated from all occupations, or all occupations for which he is otherwise qualified at which he could make a living;
so that a brother who knew two trades, or, who knowing but one trade, 666
yet pursued some other avocation for which his accident unfitted him,
should not be entitled to "benefits" (after the doctor left), provided
there was some trade which he knew and which he could follow notwithstanding the accident although the same accident incapacitated him for
the other trade; e. g. a man trained to be a tailor or engraver, or other
sedentary art or handicraft, who had for two or three years occupied himself in prospecting for silver leads, breaking his knee pan, he would be
entitled to " benefits " so long as he could neither prospect or work as a
tailor or engraver, but when he could resume work at engraving, etc.,
the rights to "benefits" would probably cease, though he never could go
prospecting again. And it would be a strange result if a brother, being
a barrister or physician in good practice, were to be entitled to "benefits"
by reason of an accident which did not interfere for an hour with the exercise of his profession, though it might for ever prevent him from
embracing the occupation of a rope dancer, or some other trade or occupation which he had never practised. There is nothing in the rules to
indicate that the " benefits " are intended as a compensation or solace for
pain or personal inconvenience, or for anything but money loss, including
all fees and expenses for medical attendance.
The plaintiff alleged that other brethren not more deserving or helpless than himself have been, and are now, in the receipt of benefits. This
may be so. It may even be contended that such payments, or even the
payments already made to the plaintiff, have been in excess of what the
rules contemplate. But surely that does not enable me to say that the
plaintiff is entitled to any further weekly payments under Rule 22 ; which
is what he is sueing for. All his medical expenses have been, I believe,
made good to him. I think he is not entitled to what he asks ; but as
the defendants by their conduct in paying him so long seem to me to have
given him some grounds for conceiving that he was entitled to get more—
as this is, after all, a fraternal contest, and as the question turns to some
extent upon the construction of the defendants own rules, I think, perhaps, justice may be satisfied by dismissing the action, without costs.
Such is the judgment of the Court, and will doubtless
hold good as against those who desire law and are of opinion
that they can obtain more justice in a court of law than in
the tribunals of the Order.
My remarks and opinions are addressed, now, to all Odd
Fellows in this jurisdiction, as the subject is a momentous one
and affects the Order in general.
CT
I would begin by stating that the I. 0. 0. F. is not a
charitable institution such  as understood in England, but
.^ CT '
more of a Mutual Benefit Association with a fraternal feeling
prevailing throughout its principles, lessons and workings.
The payment of weekly sick benefits to sick members is
the distinguishing characteristic of our Order, and may be
regarded as the fundamental principle of Odd Fellowship; the
benefits are a right and not a charity, being given as assistance in time of sickness and misfortune for certain stipulated
dues, which secures to its members, as a right, a certain fixed 667
sum designated by by-law to be paid to them during sickness,
which amount is left to local authorities I but a Subordinate
Lodge is compelled to pay its sick beneficiary members continuous iveekly benefits of some stipulated amount.
Again, a member suffering from a chronic complaint, but
who is able to go to his place of business, superintend it and
participate in it to a degree, is not .entitled to sick benefits;
but any member, rich or poor, in good standing in his Lodge,
is entitled to pecuniary benefits %u]tlle sich and unable to attend to his ordinary avocations, although he may have an
income sufficient for his support—the Order contemplates
paying benefits when a member is sick or meets with an accident—but a member suffering from a sickness or an accident
CT
who can reasonably obtain an occupation whereby he can
make a living, would not be entitled to benefits. Say for instance, a brother being a mechanic meeting with an accident
y CT CT
loses his hand and becomes unable to again follow his craft,
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would only be entitled to benefits until the wound was healed,
as it is presumed that every member of the Order shall endeavor to support himself by work of some kind; but if his
work was insufficient to provide |for his own livelihood, he
would be entitled to his benefits, if Our Order is a beneficial
one, and our laws require that benefits be paid in case of sickness or accident to all alike, the rich as well as the poor, and
goes so far, that even an agreement releasing a Lodge to pay
O ' O CT O 1       t/
benefits would not bind the member, even if he stipulated not
to receive benefits; fbut when a Visiting Committee reports a
member convalescent, and such member is dissatisfied, his
objection should be made at once, so as to allow the Lodge to
appoint a physician to report on the case; and when a Lodge
by-law reads that upon a certificate from one or more physicians declaring a member off the sick-list, such action would
be final, or to use the words of the Chief Justice, in giving,
judgment in this case, a member " should not be entitled to
benefits after the doctor has left"
From my long experience in the Order in this jurisdic-
tion, I have yet to learn that any member entitled to benefits
has ever been refused them, but I have to the contrary been
impressed with the idea that all really deserving have been
generously treated and often with more liberality than strict j
justice required.
The judgment of the Chief Justice will doubtless prevent,
hereafter, litigation on the question of benefits, and members 668
will probably recognize the principle, that differences should
be settled within the tribunals of the Order, where everyone
receives sympathy, liberality and justice, and will pause before invoking the law of the land, where only the strict letter
O 'J
of the law must be accepted.
| JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
John H. White, Esq.,
Grand Sire,
Albion, New York.
Dear Sir and Brother,—I enclose you copy of my opinion
upon the judgment of the Chief Justice in a law suit known
as I Bone vs. Columbia Lodge, No. 2, and shall be pleased to
have an opinion from you on the question under discussion.
I have caused copies to be mailed to every member in the
jurisdiction to prevent a misconception of our Order's laws
and rights of members.
CT
Yours Fraternally,
JOSHUA. DAVIES,
Grand Master.
REPORTS OP DISTRICT DEPUTIES.
Bro. Jos. E. Phillips, Deputy for District No. 1, decided
that a Vice-Grand could be excused from time to time, so that
with his actual service, a majority of nights would entitle him
to be eligible to the Noble Grand's chair.    Refers to Digest
O CT
915.   Not Approved.
Can a Noble Grand call a Past Grand to the chair for
the transaction  of regular  business,  the  Vice  Grand being
CT ' O
present ? Answer. — The Noble Grand had no right to do so.
If the N. G. left the Lodge (Digest 961); but if the Noble
Grand remained in the Lodge and no objection was raised,
then, yes.    Digest 1209.    Approved.
Bro. J. Edward Phillips, of District No. 2, reports that
he granted a dispensation to confer the three degrees at
once on Bro. R. Lambert—no reason given. That he installed
the Officers of New Westminster Lodge, No. 3, on July 19th,
1888, and on January 3rd, 1889.
Upon my inquiry, this District Deputy reports that New
Westminster Lodge No. 3, appeared in regalia at a funeral, 669
and that two socials under the auspices of the Order, were
held in Nov. and Dec. not in regalia, all have been held without
*CT
dispensations being asked for.
Bro. Henry McAdie, District Deputy of District No. 3,
reports that he applied for a dispensation for an excursion to
Vancouver for Black Diamond Lodge No. 5, which was
granted and proved enjoyable and successful.
On July llth, Bro. E. Quennell, Past D. G. M., installed
the officers of Black Diamond Lodge.
c^
On Sept. 16th, the members of Black Diamond Lodge No.
5 and Harmony Lodge No. 6, held a memorial service and
decorated the graves of their departed brethren.
On Jan. 4th, installed the officers of Black Diamond Lodge,
officers having passed the examination according to the law.
Bro. McAdie closed by stating that his Lodge during the
last term has progressed both financially and numerically.
District Deputy A. Clarkson has nothing of moment to
report, other than that the officers of Harmony Lodge were
duly installed.
District Deputy J. C. Henderson, reports that Excelsior
Lodge, No.  7, is in a substantial and flourishing condition,
CT     ' O '
has from $400 to $500 on hand, have purchased three
acres of land and prepared for a cemetery. That the attendance at Lodge meetings was good.    That he installed the
O O o
officers on 3rd July, 1888, and 8th January 1889, and that he
had entertained the brothers at his residence after installation,
and that the brothers were jubilant at the prosperity and
welfare of our order.
District Deputy Vivian of Vancouver, reports his Lodge
in a flourishing condition, and that he had given a decision on
a point of law.
1st. That only one proposition to amend a by-law is in
order.    Not approved.
Kamloops, B. G, January 8th, 1889.
Office of the D. D. G. M., District No.  7, of the Grand Lodge of the
Province of British Columbia.
Joshua Davies, Esq.,
Grand Master, G. L. B. C.
Dear Sir and Brother,--I beg to furnish you with a report
of my acts for your approval as your D. D. for District No. 7. 370
Received application from Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, for a dispensation to confer two degrees on two brothers of the Order
the  same night.    Brothers  leaving  for  the  East, which  I
O O g
granted.    Approved.
May 14th, 1888, granted dispensation to Tatnai Lodge,
No. 9, to confer two degrees on Bro. Batchelor the same even-
ing, the brother coming from a great distance.    Approved.
July 9th, 1888, the Officers of Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, were
i/ ^j *
duly installed by me, ably assisted by Bro. Tunstall, as Grand
Marshal.    Approved.
August 31st, 1888, special degree meeting, granted dispensation to Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, to confer three degrees on
Bros. T. N. Bain and John Serson the same night, as the
brothers were taking a trip East.    Approved.
Oct. 1st, 1888, granted dispensation to Tatnai Lodge, No.
9, to confer two degrees on Bro. J. P. Null, who lives 150
' CT *
miles in the country.    Approved.
Dec. 7th, 1888, granted dispensation to Tatnai Lodge, No.
9, to confer two degrees on Bro. J, A. Shirley the same night,
the brother leaving for the States.    Approved.
Dec. 10th, 1888, question was submitted to me for my
decision as to who was qualified to run for the office of V. G.
I referred them to Article VI, Sec. 3, of our Constitution, but
the Lodge appealed to the Grand Master for decision. Decision reversed.
Jan. 7th, 1889, the officers of Tatnai Lodge, No. 9, were
duly installed by me, ably assisted by Bro. Blair, as Grand
Marshal. It gives me great pleasure to inform you that we
have initiated this year 23 members, all of them good Odd
Fellows. I am still in communication with Donald. The brothers
are going to have a Lodge there as soon as they can get ready.
I am pleased to report that Tatnai Lodge is enjoying
general prosperity and effectually prosecuting the good work
for which we are combined.
I am, dear Sir and Brother,
Yours in F. L. and T.,
W. EDMUNDS,
D. D. G. M., Kamloops, B. C.
P. S.—May 14th, 1888, received application from Tatnai
Lodge, No. 9, for dispensation to attend church May 20th, 671
without regalia, which I granted in mistake, not knowing any
CT * O ' O «/
better at the time. •
Sept. 10th, 1888, received application from Tatnai Lodge,
No. 9, for dispensation to attend church Sept. 23rd, 1888, in
regalia, which I again granted in a mistake.
CT CT O
Oct. 5th, 1888, received application from Tatnai Lodge,
No. 9, for dispensation to hold their Annual Ball, Oct. 28th,
1888, which I referred to the Grand Master. Waited for
dispensation from Grand Master until Oct. 26th, but answer
did not come until Dec. 1st, which was too late.    Everything
7 t/ o
was arranged for the Ball, and they had made up their mind
to dance, dispensation or not, so they asked me Monday night,
Oct. 26th, to grant it, and to save any trouble I did so. Hoping
that this will meet with your approval, and I will know much
better another time,
I am, dear Sir and Brother,
Yours in F. L. and T.,
W. EDMUNDS,
Kamloops, B. C.
The action of Bro. Edmunds in granting the dispensations
in error I would recommend approved.
With reference to my answer to the application for a
dispensation for a Ball to be held on Oct. 2Sth, permission
was mailed at once, but for some reason the letter did not
reach Kamloops in time on account of the envelope having
been mutilated. Postmaster Shakespeare could not trace
where the fault rested.
Victoria, B. C, February 2nd, 1889.
To Joshua Davies, Grand Master.
Dear Sir and Brother,—In accordance with your request
as to the condition of Colfax Rebekah Lodge, I would state
that the Lodge is in a fair degree of prosperity, and although
there has been no great increase of membership during the
year, still we hope in the coming year to strengthen our position. Unfortunately, there has been very little interest taken
in this Lodge, except by the original promoters, and they
have done all in their power to contribute to the general advancement, and have at all times been ready to assist the
Sister Lodges in all their endeavors for the good of the Order; 672
showing their sympathy by joining in the decoration of the
t f "I *"1 • f¥*
graves of the Brotherhood, their helpfulness at the different
entertainments, and materially assisting at the Xmas Festival.
J o
Considering that the I. O. O. F. in this city ranks up-
^j •» *■
wards of 400. it is only reasonable to hope that in the future
our ranks will be greatly augmented, and that the apathy
and indifference shown in the past will pass away, and that
by the end of this year we will have Colfax Rebekah Lodge
in a flourishing condition, and efficiently conducting the noble
CT ' «/ O
work for which we are combined.
I remain, dear sir, yours respectfully,
•   ANNIE YOUNG,
D. D. Colfax Rebekah Lodge.
VISITATION.
Paid official visit on March 5th to Victoria Lodge, No. 1.
CJ    •*
March 6th visited Colfax Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 1.
CT O     T
March 14th visited Columbia Lodge, No. 2.
O     *
March 19th visited Victoria Lodge, No. 1.
CJ
Visited Victoria Lodge, No. 1, for purpose of Installation
of Officers, but on account of the N. G. elected resigning, not
being able to pass the examination, no Installation took place.
Wednesday, July llth, Installed the Officers of Columbia
Lodge, No. 2.
Thursday, July 12th, Installed the Officers of Dominion
Lodge, No. 4.
CT     *
Monday, July 16th, Installed the Officers of Victoria j
Lodge, No. 1.
o   *
Tuesday, July 17th, Installed the Officers of Colfax
Rebekah Degree Lodge, No. 1.
Wednesday, October 3rd, visited Columbia Lodge, No. 2.
upon invitation to witness their Team initiate a candidate,
which was very creditably performed.
January 7th, 1889, Installed the Officers of Victoria
Lodge, No. 1.
January 9th, Installed the Officers of Columbia Lodge,
v CT    '
No. 2.
January 17th, Installed the Officers of Dominion Lodge,
No. 4. 673
I was unable to visit Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, on the
regular Meeting night, and it was inconvenient for this Lodge
to call a Special Meeting for a Saturday evening, so that No.
5 and Excelsior Lodge, I regret to say, I have failed to visit.
CT     ' CT •*/  '
VANCOUVER LODGE, No. 8.
On Saturday, Nov. 17th, accompanied by Bros. Robert
Mcintosh and S. T. Mcintosh, Grand Instructors, I visited
Vancouver Lodge, No. 8. Bro. Wm. McColl, Grand Representative, kindly came from New Westminster, and honored
me by his presence and assistance. This meeting was a special
one, called at my wish, for the inspection of the Officers of
the Lodge, a candidate for initiation being in waiting. I
granted under my powers a dispensation to initiate, and a
team composed of Vancouver Lodge's own Officers, captained
by Bro. Joshua Holland, P. G. of Dominion Lodge, who had
given the Lodge instructions in the team work, performed the
work in a creditable manner. A large number of members
were present, and I addressed thft Lodge at some length, criticising, praising, and explaining  the ceremony and generally
CT*    1 CT' i- CT        ^^ ./ CT d
the work of the Order. Bro. S. T. Mcintosh exemplified the
secret work, and it was gratifying to find that both your
CT «/ CT •/
Grand Instructors, as well as our Grand Representative, were
in accord. I was pleased with the intelligence and enthusiasm
of the members, surprised at tire progress the Lodge had made,
and praised the members for their wisdom in having selected
a fine hall, centrally located, and tastily furnished. I have
to thank Vancouver Lodge for myself and visiting members
o •/ o
for their kind treatment on this occasion.
I am of opinion that Lodge No. 10 will likely be instituted at Vancouver. The increase of this city's population
warrants the thought.
CT
ONTARIO,
Cl. T. Campbell, M. D., Joseph Oliver, and Francis Rae,
M, D., Ontario's Representatives to the Sovereign Grand
Lodge, visited Victoria on September 29th, but only stayed
one day. Accompanied by our Grand Secretary and Bros.
Edgar Fawcett and R. Jones, N. G.'s of Lodges Nos. I and 2,
a drive round the city and suburbs, and a visit to the
Caroline was all the attention that could be shown them. It
was to be regretted that our most distinguished and foremost
53 Cj
representative of the Dominion, Bro. Campbell, could not stay 674
longer so as to be able to visit one of our Lodges while in
session. I afterwards met Representative Robertson and extended to him all the civilities he would accept.
COMPLAINT.
Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, conferred upon Bro. Patrick
McGlinn the three degrees contrary to my commands of 21st
January, 1888, and after receiving objections from Harmony
Lodge.    I refer you to correspondence on the subject.
I received anonymous letters referring to the incompetency of a Noble Grand of No. 5, and refer you to correspondence on the subject, as his right to a seat as Past Grand in
this Grand Lodge is questioned.    C. P. B. 288 and 293.
I have since been informed that Bro. J. Hilbert is the
Past Grand in question.
REFL-SAL
Refused Excelsior Lodge, dispensation to hold bi-weekly
meetings in lieu of weekly, no legislation having been passed by]
our Grand Lodge permitting the change, nor did I think the
CT X CT «CT     J
reason given for such change sufficient; see copy press book 278.
NEW WESTMINSTER.
I had to decline the  invitation  of New  Westminster
Lodge, No. 3, to dedicate their new Hall, owing to business
CT     * ' * O
engagements.
o   o
BONE vs. COLUMBIA LODGE, N
a 2.
On Oct. 5th I received an Appeal in this matter, which I
transmitted to our Grand Secretary."
HARMONY LODGE, No. 6.
My attention was called to the fact that this Lodge had
V ^**}
appealed without dispensation for help to the Lodges in this
jurisdiction on behalf of the ton of our late Bro. John McNeil.
I directed the notice of Harmony Lodge to Art. IV, Sec. 1,1
No. 3, of our Constitution, which resulted as can be seen by
my correspondence, that it was the wish of Harmony Lodge 675
to place such funds as might be collected in the hands of your
Grand Officers in Trust. I find ho,wever no authority given by
this Grand Lodge to its officers to assume control of. such
funds, besides which I do not approve of the precedent of
such a charge on this Grand body before provision is made by
the Lodges for the establishment of homes for the care of such
cases. The sum of seventy-one dollars was sent to me in this
matter, and which I forwarded to our Grand Secretary, Bro.
Davey, who will doubtless make mention of the matter in
his Report.
GRAND SECRETARY.
It has occurred to me during the preparation of my report,
that however onerous the duties of the Grand Master may be,
that they could in no way compare with the clerical and other
duties that our Grand Secretary is called upon to perform,
and I am convinced, that unless the emoluments of the office
are commensurate with the labor to be performed, that we may
too late awaken to the fact that we neglected to recompense
sufficiently a valuable and trustworthy officer. The Grand
Secretary will furnish you with his usual and carefully pre-
pared statistical reports.
STANDING.
I believe I am correct when I state, that numerically and
financially, as well as in the payments of sick benefits, Our
Order ranks the first in the Province.
VICTORIA LODGE
Will celebrate the Silver Anniversary of its institution
on March 10th, marking an epoch in the history of Odd Fellowship in the Province, and it may be well to review its
report and endeavor to gain wisdom by its work.
I find that this Lodge has paid to four of its members, all
now living, and still drawing benefits, the sum of $11,687.00:
that her membership is 172, whose yearly dues amount to
$2,064; that sick benefits were paid during the year amounting
to $3,004.00, equal to the sum paid by all the other Lodges
combined ; that the current expenses were $1,162.28; that her
total year's receipts from all sources were $4,563.42; and that
the rate received on her total investments was 10.8 °/' 676
I'
I find that of the 172 names on her register, that very
few have paid $300 in dues, but that four brothers havej
received nearly the whole of the twenty-five years dues of
forty members, and are to-day drawing the whole  of the
t/ ** */ CJ
yearly dues of nearly 86 members; that the benefits paid!
added to the current expenses amount to $4,166.28, being
$2,102.28 more than the dues paid by the members, and but
for the receipts from investments made by those who at an
early date controlled and exercised wise precaution in making provision for future emergency, this Lodge would have
long ago ended its career.
CT        O
The question of dues and benefits has taxed the skill of
the best and foremost members of our Order, and when the
Committee, whose Chairman is our honored Canadiap. Brother,
Representative Campbell, of Ontario, has still to ask for
further time to report to our Sovereign Grand Lodge, you
can only expect of me to give facts and such comments as
come under my observation and leave their application to
those whose duties have caused them to make thesubject astudy.
Taking the table furnished you last year, the yearly dues
at the average of 47 should be $18.36 to pay $5.00 weekly
continuous benefits. We only pay $12.00; but then comes
into consideration the fact that the Lodge has an income from
other sources than dues, initiations and degrees, amounting to
' CT * CT
$2,145.42, or the total dues of over 170 members whose age is
Zero, and on whose membership no liability attaches. This
might be likened to a membership of 342, whose age is, say
24, and whose dues according to the table mentioned should
" CT
only be $8.75 per annum to pay $5.00 weekly benefits—so
that it appears to me that the question localizes itself to each
Lodge's career—but of one thing I feel positive, and that is,
that a limit should be reached in the payment of full benefits.
If a brother can even in the most favorable circumstances be
expected only to pay during his membership say $300, out of
which nearly one half is paid in Lodge expenses, certainly
when he has received say $1,500, his benefits ought to be only
nominal, the Lodge can give in charity if needed. But it does
not appear right, that two brothers can and have drawn the
sum of $9,692, and have only contributed during that time
$328 for dues.
Another feature is observable; the assets are valued at
$17,639.27—I have taken time, and exercised my best ability
to ascertain their actual worth—excluding regalia, furniture
CT O *
and library.: 677
I find cash on hand $ 1,034 53
Value of property, all rented and* saleable, at the price named. 33,000 00
Or a total of , |34,034 53
And if the value of regalia, furniture and books, are taken at.    1,800 00
Then the assets would be -... ,$35,834 53
Showing that her assets are saleable at double their cost.
CT
Victoria Lodge's members must  feel  gratified at the large
o o o
amount of benefits paid during her career of twenty-five years
and at her present favorable financial standing.
DISPENSATIONS.
Granted Lodges 1, 2 and 4 to hold Socials on March 9th,
CT ' '
and on November 28th.
Granted dispensation to Black Diamond Lodge to hold
an excursion on July 22nd.
On Dec. 24th, 1888, granted Vancouver Lodge, No. 8,
' *     C? CT
permission   to  hold  a  ball  in  the  name  of  the Order on
January 25th, 1889.
Granted to Victoria Lodge, No. 1, dispensation to hold a
Christmas Tree Entertainment on the evening of 3rd January, 1889.
I would direct your attention to the fact that in many
cases that Lodges have announced entertainments in the name
of the Order prior to asking for Dispensations. The practice
has been too lax, and I have had to countenance infringements of this law so as not to incommode Committees. Attention was directed to the 6th clause of Art. IV, G. L. Cons.
In some instances entertainments have been held without
a dispensation having been asked for.
Granted a dispensation to New Westminster Lodge, No.
3, to hold a public Dedication, and to appear in regalia, and
to hold a Social Assembly, on Monday, Feb. llth.
GRAND LODGE REPRESENTATION.
We now number fifty-seven representatives, and at the
last session the representatives received $400, out of a revenue
of $802. A smaller number could do the business, besides
which our Grand Officers require more money to conduct the
business of an increasing membership and Lodges.    In this 678
connection I would recommend, that an amendment to our
Constitution be made giving to each Lodge one representative
*D Cj ^j *■
to every 25 members and fraction over 20. This would give to
Victoria Lodge No. 1
Columbia Lodge   "   2
New Westminster Lodge	
Dominion Lodge	
Black Diamond Lodge	
Harmony Lodge. »	
Excelsior Lodge	
Vancouver Lodge	
Tatnai Lodge	
o
4
5
6
i
8
9.
Total
LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE.
I notified the Chairman of the Legislative Committee to
<CT
the report on *jpage 636 of our proceedings, and expect that
Committee will lay before you the needed amendments to the
Constitutions of the Grand Lodge, Subordinate and Rebekah
Lodges,
RETURNS,
Several of the Retains from Subordinates at this date,
6th February, have not yet been received by the Grand
Secretary, and either the Grand Lodge must devise some
method to compel Subordinates to send their Returns by the
15th of January in each year or fix a date later in the year
for the meeting of the Grand Lodge, as your Officers find not
sufficient time is given for the preparation of their reports.
APPOINTMENT.
On the 28th of August I appointed Sister Mrs. Anna
Young, P. N. G., my District Deputy for District No. 1,
Rebekah Lodges; my reasons being that assistance was
needed towards increasing an interest in Rebekah Lodges,
CT ^n *
that the introduction of the beautified work could be better
done with the aid of such an officer, and that I could show
my appreciation of the efforts of our Sisters towards the
establishment of the Rebekah Degree, in placing one of their
number in the position.
PROGRESS.
I  herewith  submit for your  information our  progress
;ince the institution of our Grand Lodge. 679
Our Grand Lodge was instituted on 25th April, 1874.
The first report shows to have been dated June 7th, 1874,
and returned 5 Lodges with a membership of 387. Since that
date the rise and progress of this jurisdiction I present in
[tabulated form:
Ending 31st Dec.
each year.
1874	
Number
of Lodges.
 5....
 5....
 5....
 5....
Membership.
.' 408	
 459	
 492	
 500	
 496.
Increase.
Decrease.
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878	
...  51...
... 33...
...    8...
4
1879	
1880
:....5	
 509	
499
... 13...
10
1881	
1882	
 5....
 5....
 6	
 6	
 6	
 9....
.9.
 468	
 466	
 500	
 ..546	
 614	
 700	
 802	
890.
Ol
 ol
2'
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888.
...  34...
... 46...
...  68* .
...  86...
...102...
86.
REBEKAH  LODGES.
1887	
 1....
 44 Brothers.
. 28 Sisters
From this you can see that our success was varied,
reaching 509 members in 1879, it decreased in 1882 to 466 ;
from that date on our progress has been forward, and in 1886
when you honored me with this position, the returns show a
membership of 700 members, and now at the end of my term
I am gratified to report an addition to our membership of
190. This 890 I hope to see increased to 1000 members, with
ten Lodges, which will entitle this jurisdiction to two Representatives to the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
NOTEWORTHY.
Excelsior Lodge, No. 7, numerically the weakest, furnished
me a report which shows that the Lodge takes care in the
selection of its members, and that they exercise care in their
expenditures, and that all the work is done without cost, I
abstract from this return, the following:
Cash on hand |350 00
Invested in Cemetery   630 00
Number of sick members during the year    none
Amount paid for current expenses during the year     80 00
I regret that I am unable to furnish a statement of the
condition of the entire jurisdiction, but owing to Columbia JC
80
Lodge, No.  2, not furnishing replies to questions asked, a
complete return could not be prepared.
PROCLAMATIONS
1819-1888.
ANNIVERSARY PROCLAMATION:
GRAND LODGE OF THE PROVINCE OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, Februarv 27th, 1888.
To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting :
The Grand Sire having issued his Proclamation recom-
CJ
mending all Grand and Subordinate Bodies to set apart and
dedicate the 26th day of April, 1888, the sixty-ninth anniver-
sary of our Order, to appropriate exercises and to thanksgiving and praise to the giver of All Good for the many
blessings showered upon the Order and its membership,
individually and collectively.
Now therefore I, Joshua Davies, Grand Master, do
hereby request all Ledges in this Jurisdiction to observe the
above  named day,  in  the  manner  to them   seeming most
«/   '■ CJ
fitting, and a dispensation is hereby granted them to appear
in public in regalia on that occasion, providing that in case of
a procession the uniform street dress be worn.
FREDERICK DAVEY,
Grand Secretary.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
I. 0. 0. F., Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, B. C, July 12th, 1888.
To all Lodges subordinate to the Grand Lodge of B. C.
Sirs and Brothers,—I am requested by Jno. H. White,
Grand Sire, to furnish him with full information as to the
location, cost and equipment of all Odd Fellows' Homes,
Orphan Asylums, Schools, etc., completed, commenced or dedicated since the session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge at
Boston in 1886 ; also the location, cost., etc., of all Odd Fellows'
Halls and Lodge Rooms, commenced, completed or dedicated
since the time specified, where the property is owned by the
Order: also any other particulars which may be of interest
to the Order, 681
This information is desired that a general statement of
the condition and property of the Order,"in tin* above respects,
may be made to accompany his annual report to the Sovereign
Grand Lodge in September next.
In compliance with the request of the Grand Sire, I
respectfully urge on all who are in possession of the desired
information, to furnish the same on or before the oNt day of
July, 1888, directed to
Yours Fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
Memorial Day Proclamation.
Grand Lodge of the Province of British Columbia.
Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, B. C, August 10, 1888.
To ivhom these presents shall come, Greet lug :
Pursuant to instructions contained in the resolution of
the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, adopted at its Annual
Session, held at New Westminster, 1888, (proceedings 635) I,
Joshua Davies, Grand Master, do hereby request all Subordinate Lodges, under this Jurisdiction, to assemble at their
respective Lodge Rooms, on the 20th day of September, the
anniversary of the death of J. P. Davies, Past Grand Master,
and engage in appropriate memorial exercises respecting their
deceased members; such exercises to be conducted in a manner appropriate to the occasion. Should a different day be
more convenient, any Lodge is permitted to hold such service
on any day such Lodge may select.
FREDERICK DAVEY, JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Secretary. Grand Master.
I. 0. 0. F, Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sirs and Brothers,—Your attention is called to the
action of the Sovereign Grand Lodge at the session in Lbs
Angeles, California, September 17th to 21st, 1888, as follows:
DEGREE  OF  REBEKAH  CHARGE BOOKS.
Resolved, that hereafter the^ Degree of Rebekah shall only
be conferred by Degree Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah. 682
Besolved, that all laws requiring* elective officers to Subordinate Lodges to have obtained the Degree of Rebekah, be
and are hereby repealed
Whereas at the present session of this Grand Lodge the
confeiTing of the Degree of Rebekah has been taken from the
Subordinate Lodges of this Order, and
Whereas, the conferring of said degree exclusively by
the Degree Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah leaves a large
art o o
number of the Rituals of said degree in the possession of
Subordinate Lodges, both under the jurisdiction of this Grand
Body and the various Grand Jurisdictions; therefore, be it
Resolved, that all Grand Lodges are hereby directed to
take such steps as will secure from Subordinate Lodges the
Rituals of said degree in their possession. (Journal 11,363,
11,402.)
You will please forward all Rebekah Rituals in your
possession to Frederick Davey, Grand Secretary^ for which
will be remitted to you such sums as the Sovereign Grand
Lodge allows.
Tlie Grand Sire decides that the A. P. W. of the Degree of RebekaJi,^
for 1889, must not be communicated to officers of subordinate Lodges. It
is to be used only in Degree Lodges of the Daughters of Rebekah.
veteran jewel.
Whereas, the greater number of the membership of the
Order have not and cannot attain to official station, many of
whom are entitled by the years of their membership to the
honored appellation of Veterans ; and
Whereas, it  would be a great and graceful thing to
O O rt
authorize them to wear a jewel significant of the fact; therefore,
Besolved, that members of the Order in good standing,
and who for twenty-five years or more have been such, shall
be entitled to wear a Jewel to be designated " The Veteran
Jewel, I/O. 0. F."
Besolved, That the committee on Printing Supplies,
together with the Grand Sire, are authorized and directed to
prepare a suitable design for such jewel, and whenever, in
their judgment, it shall be expedient, to procure and furnish
the same to such persons as are entitled thereto and at such
price as they shall fix, and the proceeds of such sales shall be
paid to the Grand Treasurer in the same manner as the sales
of other supplies.    (Journal, 11,341 11,411.) 683
In accordance with above directions, the Committee concluded to provide the jewels, which will be furnished to Grand
Secretaries of Grand Lodges and Grand Scribes of Grand
Encampments, to be delivered by them to Subordinates, for
the applicants, on the receipt of satisfactory evidence ihat
they are entitled to wear them. When ready, due notice
will be given, with such directions as to the sale of the jewels,
as may be necessary.
VISITING   CARDS.
The Noble Grand and Secretary of a Subordinate Lodge
and Rebekah Degree Lodge, during the recess of their respec-
tive  bodies, may  issue   visiting  cards to  members  in  good
7 J o o
standing when application is made to them in writing.
history of odd fellowship.
The History and Manual of Odd Fellowship, by Theo. A.
Ross, Grand Secretary of Sovereign Grand Lodge, was recom-
mended to the brotherhood.
book-keeping.
Bro. M. Posz's system of keeping books and accounts for
Subordinate Lodges was recommended as it " greatly simplifies and harmonizes the work of the financial officers of
lodges."
DECISION.
No. 56 of Past Grand Sire White's was adopted, and
Grand Sire Underwood decides, that " A decision rendered by
" a Noble Grand upon the meaning of a part of the Subordinate Lodge Constitution, or, in fact, upon any question
arising in " the Lodge, is subject to be appealed to the Lodge,
except in matters relating to the written or unwritten work
of the Lodge."
This law makes void our local law page 215, proceedings
G. L. B. C. f     f|||
I would, therefore, recommend Noble Grands to always
defer for one week the giving of decisions of any moment,
and to have all such resolutions, especially those affecting the
Subordinate Lodge Constitution, in writing.
dues.
A Subordinate Lodge may increase its dues by the addition of any specific sum above the minimum rate now fixed
by our Grand Lodge, and may determine how a portion or all
of said increase shall be applied under authority of our Grand 684
Lodge.     Under  this  method  lodges  may  form   funds  for
O O t/
objects for which dispensations would issue which would bear
equally on all members.
PI Yours Fraternally,
FREDK. DAVEY, JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Secretary. Grand Master.
1864-1889.
Silver Anniversary Proclamation.
GRAND LODGE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, I. O. 0. F.
Office of the Grand Master,
Victoria, B. G, Feb. 8th, 1889.
To all ivJwm tliese Presents shall come, Greeting :
On the completion of so auspicious and eventful an epoch
as the Twenty-Fifth Year in the history of our Order in this
Province, it is becoming to commemorate the close of a quarter
of a century of its beneficient and vigorous existence with
fitting ceremony.
Therefore with the view of affording to every Odd Fellow
Cj «.
within our border an opportunity of expressing thankfulness
to the Supreme Giver, and of making the Silver Anniversary
of our Order an occasion worthy of especial celebration.
. Now, therefore, I, Joshua Davies, Grand Master, do
hereby request all Lodges in this Jurisdiction to observe the
10th day of March, 1889, in the manner to them seeming
most fitting, and a dispensation is hereby granted them to
appear in public in regalia on that occasion, providing, that in
case of a procession the uniform street dress be worn.
FRED'K DAVEY,
Grand Secretary.
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master
CORRESPONDENCE
Sovereign Grand Lodge of  the I. 0. O. F.
O O
Office of the Grand Sire,
Albion, New York, April 15th, 1888."
Joshua Davies, Grand Master.
I find on my table yours of January 16th, unanswered as,
I believe, I laid it one side because of other and more press- 85
liia engagements.    First, with reference to the'.expenditure of
money on public occasions and tor public display.    The S. G.
3k-has found it necess:ry to curtail the expenditure of funds
for Subordinates, otherwise the main and chief object foi the
institution of the Order would be lost sight of, viz. : the relief
of the members in times of distress.    Had you been anieuiber
of the S. G. L. the wisdom of this rule would be  apparent to
you.   'As to  anniversaries, the  decision made by myself at
last session establishes a principle which in  my judgment is
salutary.     There? doubtless  are  ways enough  by  which  a
Lodge may legally establish an entertainment fund, though I
never have formulated any scheme for that purpose.    If such
a fund lean be established there can be no difficulty in having
or celehAting Lodge Anniversaries or of paying the expenses
of a parade on the Queen's birthday, or the celebration of the
Declaration of Independence or other like occasions.    This
Canton business is, as you say, a new departure, and what the
outcome will be is vet to be seen.    There was a  persistent
attempt for many years to  merge the Encampment branch,
but it would not command a vote sufficient to accomplish the
object.    Were the attempt made now, since the establishment
ofthe P. M. degree, the result might be different.    Still things
are so ordered that none but those  who  wish need take any
of the Ornamental degrees.    The reason of the amount of legislation in reference to the P. M. degree at Denver is accounted
for from the fact that it is a new thing and  is and   was not
perfected     As to the needed legislation omitted at the last
session allow me to say that the S. G. L. is a conservative body
and goes slow.    Why Foreign Jurisdictions are allowed to
legislate on the age question comes from the peculiar condition of things there.    Australia  asked  for it  because  the
Manchester   Unity  admitted  boys,  and  it  was deemed by
them necessary to the welfare of the American Order.    As to
the color question it  is  impossible to  make  anyone  not am
inhabitant of the U. S.  see the  necessity for the exclusion.
Here we had millions of negro slaves, and now have millions
of free negroes, as ignorant and brutish as is possible, and the
founder  of  the  American Order  deemed the  safety of .the
Order   as  a moral  and  intellectual  Order,  demanded   this
restriction.    But mv good brother it is not possible without
too much waste of time to reason all these questionsion paper.
Come to the Sessions of the S. G. L. and hear the discussions
on these and other topics and probably even you may be satisfied     As for myself, I would like to see the rule relaxed as;
to the qualification for membership both as to age and  color, and the time in my judgment is soon coming when there will be
J u       o o
a change in. one or both of these  respects.    There  are  manj
civilized Indians who would make good Odd  Fellows.    As it
is now our membership is as varied, so far as the whites are
concerned, as it is possible to be.    We have from the highest
in the land,—I had almost said to the lowest.    The tendency
is to go down, as it seems to me, unless great care be had in
the selection of candidates.    Almost any member will propose
one who desires it, whom he thinks is a very  little lower  in
this moral world than he thinks himself to be, but whom he]
yet believes to be a good fellow.    This good fellow -will pro-!
pose another concerning whom he thinks about the same, and
thus the thing goes on by degrees  until the standard is not
O    O -i/O
as high as it should be.    But I must stop.    Excuse this hasty
rambling scrawl and come to the S. G. L, and believe me ever
Yours Fraternally,
JOHN H. WHITE,
Qrand Sire.
John H. White, Esq.,
Grand Sire,
Albion, Ne'w York,
9th June, 188a
j Dear Sir and Brother,—I am in receipt of your kind
acknowledgment of my letter of January 16th, and am impressed with its fraternal tone, and in reply will endeavor to
imbue you with the idea that my letter was but the impress
of my opinion garnered from a close and intimate knowledge
of our people and their characteristics ; and feeling that I owe
a duty to the Order here, of which I am the representative head,j
to do my utmost for its advancement, I will endeavor to
answer your letter, so that you can better appreciate the difficulty that has in a measure impeded our more rapid advancement.
With reference to your remarks under the head of " Expenditure of money on public occasions," you are doubtless
gauging us by your measure of knowledge of the love of display characteristic of the people of the United States, and the
legislation on this subject proves conclusively to me that a
majority of the Representatives to the S. G. L. are of opinion
that the laws on this subject must be of a stringent nature,
tt Cj
and that to relax them would probably be injurious to many
State jurisdictions. I have pictured in my mind the dread
that the patriarchs of the Order view anv radical change in 687
this matter of display expenditure, learned probably by the
desire of the younger Odd Fellows to take a prominent part
in what you aptly termed " ornamental degrees;" but when I
inform you that our members are not inclined to a personal
display, and that the progress of the Order bears heavily on a
few whose personal interest means personal expenditure, with
the result of benefit to all connected, you can readily under-
stand that interest must and does relax to the detriment of
the Order. As the workers see the advancement of their
Lodge, with concomitant accumulation of funds for the good
of all the members, but greatly at the few active members7
personal cost; and they to my mind rightly judge, that some
method ought to be legally established for expenditures where
the Lodge or Order is benefitted, allowing Lodges to set aside
o o o
and expend a per centage of their returns from their accumulated funds. This would prevent weak Lodges from impairing their treasuries, at the same time giving an opportunity
to those Lodges receiving returns from invested capital to
legally expend money for the advancement of the Order. Is
it not apparent that the law is evaded when the expenditures
of the next meeting of the S. G. L. are partly guaranteed by
the jurisdiction of California, the one that probably can best
afford to make a payment for such an object, and such expenditure will possibly receive a unanimous acquiescence of the
members. But is there not a question of its legality evad-ed ?
I hope you will formulate a scheme on this subject and
present a recommendation next September acceptable to the
S. G. L., as I am of opinion that if such power is given, that
our Grand Lodge would keep a firm hold and exercise it with
care and advantage.
The Canton innovation is to my mind a grand mistake,
and was the result of that first error the Encampment Branch.
The latter was fast dying a slow but natural death, and the
institution of the Cantons has probably only resuscitated it,
so that it might die the quicker. You have styled the Cantons " ornamental degrees" optional with those who wish to
take them; but ought not the Encampment be included in
the list, and not force a brother (who has received the highest
honor a State Grand Lodge could confer upon him .with a life
long seat in such grand body with full powers of a Repre-
sentative), to join a branch of the Order which he may not
admire nor desire to affiiliate with ; but if he seeks admission
to the S. G. L. such is the barrier raised against him/ A Past
Grand has a right of entry to his Grand Lodge, but a Past
Grand Master has no right, nor can he be elected as a Repre- 68$
sentati^e^o the S. G. L. unless he is an Encampment m&mbeii
of the Patriarchal Degree.    As an honorary; degree it might*
O «/ o o
do. but as an imperative requirement the barrier ought to be.
broken down. You have kindly invited me to seek for a
better understanding as to the wisdom of the laws bearing
upon the qfttefrtions raised, by attendance at the S. G. L. Myl
peculiar status relative to the Encampment will probably
prevent my attendance, and I regret that I cannot accept
your method to right the wrong, as I cannot  ask for favors
«/ O O*7
where I might demand a right, neither do I desire to create
O i> J
the slightest ripple of annoyance.    I expect that some day the
Order will permit any P. G. M. the right to represent a Grandf
Lodge  without demanding   his   holding  membership-   in   an
O O O L
Encampment.    Foreign Jurisdictions—The same reason the
S, G. L.  prompted its giving to Australia the advantage of I
admitting to   membership   those  of   IS years and upwards!!
O x v i.
exists here equally to our disadvantage. We have to contendi
against the Ancieni Order of Foresters, and we find the soristj
of prominent Odd Fellows join that Society long beforevtheyi:
gwould be permitted to our Order. These are irrevocably lostr
to us. And as to the color question, there .again is this jurist
diction gauges! by the peculiarities of that   of the   Unitedfi
O O t/J t
States, and the ignorant negro is the standard by .which is
rated the intelligent educated man who has some tinge of
native blood in his veins- I admit that there is a difficulty in
making laws equally favorable to the different countries
where the Order is established, and what suits the United [
States would probably work to the detriment of the Lodges
in other countries. I have not found the selection of candidates has had a downward tendency in this iurisdiction.
You mention that the S. G. L. is a conservative body and
moves slowly.-    If you allude to the question of an Insurance
or Endowment feature/ as auxiliary to the Order, together
with the qualifications for membership, then I am only giving•
you the opinion of this jurisdiction when I say that the OrderI
has lost many members by their non-adoption, and that our
present body cannot too rapidly move towards giving to its?
members an opportunity to provide for their families, in case
of their demise, and not continue to force members'to seek
other Societies for relief in this respect.    If conservatism in
either of these questions means the delay in their acceptance,
then from my point of view a doubt is raised in my mind as.
to the progressive character of our Order, as I have, for years
accepted ~as a fact, that Odd Fellowship could and ought to include every advantage to its members, that any or all similar 689
{^Societies combined could offer,j I have expressed to you ah>
opinion on many needed points of legislation, but if the*
Degree of Truth constitute the last fee degree and work of
•   ~ o
Lodges was conducted in the initiatory then we would probably havd a larger attendance in our Subordinates, and the;
V O '
members know more about the work of the Order: as it is,
one needs almost to make Odd Fellowship a profession, and'
to be continuously exercising it or he soon mixes the work if
«/ o
he does not forget it entirely." In expressing what I have
considered firm questions for debate, remember we each view
from our own standpoint, and 1 hope some day to grasp your
hand and talk the questions to# an issue. The S. G. L. legislation I hope next session will be conspicuous by its forward
movement in the direction named, and that the result will be
in the interest of Subordinate Lodges.
Yours Fraternally*
& • '   JOSHUA DAVIES,    'J  '
: Gi"ahd Master.
Sovereign GF&iid Lodge of the I. O. O. F.
o o
Office of the Grand Siee,
Albion, New York, July 22nd, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Grand Master.
Dear Sir and Brother,—Yours of 9th inst. received and I
have read it With interest, yet I do not know that I have any-
thing to add to toy former letter. Some of your views I
agree with entirely, others not. Thanking you for the Photo,
I remain, in all good fellowship, and especially Odd Fellowship,
Yours Fraternally,
' i:/\''-"'','l"'"l-r*!"/"' r'.':.!. «'V "^ .^""'"^-V/i.  J0HN H- white,
Grand Sire,
Invitation to Grand Sire White.
28th July, 1888.
iT£<3MC:
John H. W^ite, Esq.,
Gi.cfccl Sire,
Albion, New York.
Dear Sir and Brother,—Please let me know the route you
intend taking going and coming to and from the next Session j 690
of the S. G. L. If the Canadian Pacific Railway is travelled
over, Victoria can be visited without extra cost, and as this
jurisdiction has never yet been officially visited bv an officer
of the S. G. L., you might endeavor to visit us, bringing a
good delegation with you, and an effort will*be made to make
O O «/ '
your visit pleasant. Our scenery is entirely different from
that on the line of the American transcontinental lines, and
the roads and drives in and around Vict >ria are the best on
the Pacific Coast.    Come, and tell me when.
Yours Fraternally,
It ■     S      JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
Sovereign Grand Lodge of the I. 0. O. F.
o o
Office of the Grand Sire,
Albion, New York, August 7th, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Grand Master.
Dear Sir and Brother,—Yours of 27th ult. received. I
expect to go to Los Angeles by the Santa Fe route and return
by the Northern Pacific, and it will not be possible for me to
visit you, though it would afford me much pleasure could I do
so. The view taken by your Chief Justice in the Bone case
is not the one generally taken by the Order, and I hardly
think is sound,.though in accordance with the general principle of law, that no man has a right of action until he has
been injured or deprived of some right. Your remarks are in
the main correct expositions of the law of the Order. I have
just received a synopsis of the returns of membership, etc.,
from Grand Secretary Ross, which shows a net increase in
1887 of 25,442 members, a most glorious showing.    As my
' ' o o */
term of office will soon expire, and as this may be the last
official communication I shall have the privilege of addressing
IOO
Vou, I desire to express my thanks for the zeal, energy and
ability which you have displayed as Grand Master of your
jurisdiction.    With kind regard, I subscribe myself,
Yours Fraternally,
I    JOHN H. WHITE,
Grand Sire.
Victoria, November 3rd, 1888.
John C. Underwood, Esq.,
Grand Sire, Covington, Ky.
Dear Sir and Brother,—In 1882 our Grand Lodge adopted
the following:    i The law or constitution of a Subordinate 691
■■
Lodge emanates from the Grand Lodge, and the decision of
'a, Noble Grand who has obligated himself to enforce the
u same upon the Lodge over which he presides, can only be
:f set aside or reversed by the higher authority. No appeal to-
I the Lodge against the ruling of the N. G. upon a point of
"law is admissible."    Page 215 Proceedings G. L. B. (J.    De-
o o
cision No. 56 of P. G. Sire White rules otherwise. Can our
jurisdiction retain our local law, it having been found to
operate to the advantage of our Order here ?
2nd.    Can a Lodge increase its dues say one dollar a year
O €f .'
towards forming a " Management Fund/5 to be used in objects
towards the advancement of the Order ?
3rd.    What advantage has Rebekah Degree Lodges ob-
o t o o
tained by having had the exclusive rights conferred upon
them to confer the degree, when all laws requiring elective
officers in Subordinate Lodges to have obtained the Degree of.
o o
Rebekah, were repealed ?
Yours Fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master,
Sovereign Grand Lodge of the I. 0. 0. F.
o o
Office of the Grand Sire,
Covington, Ky., November 3rd, 1888.
Joshua Davies, Esq.,
Grand Master, etc.
Dear Sir and Brother,—Yours of the 3rd tilt, at hand on
my return from the Pacific slope, about the middle of October,
and has been just reached for answer, and in response to your
first query, I have to say that the decision of the last Grand
Sire, which was approved by the Sov. Gr. Lodge, standi as
the latest and most active law in the premises.
Therefore, a decision rendered by a Noble Grand upon
the meaning of a part of the Subordinate Lodge Constitution,
or in fact upon any question arising in the Lodge is subject
to be appealed from to the Lodge, except in matters relating
to the written or unwritten work of the Order.
In answer to your second query, I will state that the
subject of dues is wholly vested in State Grand Bodies, which
possess the broadest powers for legislation in the premises.
See 8 389, New Digest, etc.    Said Grand Lodge possesses the 692
fight to determine and prescribe a minimum amount to be
paid by its Subordinates for dues, leaving it for the Subordinates to provide by law for any specific sum above that rate.
See S 390, New Digest, etc.
O t O '
Therefore, it is held that a Lodge can, by law, increase its
dues by the addition of any specific sum above said minimum,
rate, fixed by the Grand Lodge of the Jurisdiction, and m^y
determine how a.portion or all of said increase shall be applied, under authority from the said Grand Lodge.
To your third query, I answer that on and after January
1st, 1889, the advantage obtained by the Rebekah Degree
Lodges from the repeal of the law, requiring certain Officers
of Subordinate Lodges to be in possession of the Degree of
Rebekah is uncertain; though it may be estimated as being
' is •/ Cj
advantageous to the Degree; 1st, by the special recognition
O O «/ X O * '■
and countenance given to it; and 2nd, through exclusive right
» O ' ' O Cj
to confer the Degree and thereby probably superinduce a
great increase in its active members.
Hoping for the continued prosperity of the Order,
I remain, truly and fraternally,
JOHN C. UNDERWOOD,
Grand Sire.
November 29, 1888.
John C. Underwood, Esq,,
Grand Sire,
Covington, Ky.
Dear Sir and Brother,—Your valued favor of Nov. 3rd
came duly to hand, and I thank you heartily for your demon-
strative reply. Your ruling upon the first question asked
you confirms my opinion upon the law under discussion. My
experience teaches me that there is danger in the law as it
now exists, and in direct conflict with what has been deemed
in this jurisdiction, a necessary safeguard to be held by our
Grand Lodge. I look upon a Noble Grand as an Officer upon
whom great responsibility is placed, and from whom we exact
promises of much moment to the Order, which this law may
interfere with his Carrying out. In fact, the real line binding
the Grand Lodge to her Subordinates is broken; and at any
time a small majority at a meeting may contrive and demand
of the Officers of a Lodge, to do what these Officers know to
be wrong, and the Noble Grand has no restraining power to 693
prevent its being carried out. A Noble Grand feels more the
responsibility of his position, the duty he owes to his Lodge
and its members, when his ruling upon law-points stand until
reversed by his Superior Officers, or the Grand Lodge, and if
I am to judge from what has occurred in British Columbia, I
must say that the Noble Grands have generally been right in
their rulings, as against a vote of a Lodge, where often party
feelings prevailed, or private interests governed. This law
takes the personality of the Noble Grand awa\, and puts into
the hands of a collective irresponsible body, the command,
with power to order the presiding Officer to do an act which
he may consider illegal, and leaves the onus of an appeal upon
an Officer who gratuitously does a large amount of work for
o •/ n
the good of the Order.
My advice to the Noble Grands in this jurisdiction' has
been to always defer for one week the giving of decisions of
any moment, and to have all resolutions affecting the Sub-
ordinate Lodge Constitution in writing.
•O Cj
This jurisdiction would prefer its own ruling upon this
v6ry important subject.
Your decision on Dues will give me power to authoritatively place the subject of legally giving our Subordinates
power to form a fund for such objects as a dispensation would
issue, and which are not now recognized as a legal expenditure.    Rebekah Degree Lodges are by the action of the S. G.
O O «*/
L. severed from Odd Fellowship. No member of the Order
need have the degree, it being complimentary.    It gives  to
O ' o *. «/ o
the ladies entitled to receive the degree a questionable benefit,
because Oddfellows may not be in possession of the degree.
A special recognition would be for it to be made not honorary,
but imperative upon all to be in possession of it. I do not
think that the existing legislation will  increase  its active
o        o
members here.
Yours Fraternally,
JOSHUA DAVIES,
Grand Master.
I furnished to Grand Sire White the following, which
was incorporated in his report to the S. G. L.:
British Columbia.—Excelsior Lodge, No. 7, at Chilliwhack, own a cemetery lot, which cost, with improvements,
$629. The value of assets throughout the jurisdiction exceeds
$80,000.    Victoria Lodge, No. 1, has paid to four of its mem- 694
bers about $11,000 since 1875. New Westminster Lodge, No.
3, at New Westminster, owns jointly with the Masons, each
owning a half interest, a lot and building, the cost of which
was, for the lot, $3,875; building, $17,500; total, $21,375.
Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, Nanaimo, hall and improvements, $500.    He remarks:
"Nothing conduces more to the healthy growth and per-
inanent prosperity of a Lodge than ownership of a piece of
real estate. When once a Lodge has acquired a home of its
own, and in which it of consequence takes pride, there is an
air of permanence about it which attracts to it outsiders, and
it conveys the idea that the institution is of the stabh kind.
My advice, therefore, is to all Lodges, buy land and build you
«/ ' o   a* • v •'
a home."
I notice in Grand Sire White's report to the S. G. L. that
he direcfly pointed to several questions which were the subject
f our correspondence, and to which I refer you to
o
SUGGESTED LEGISLATION
of
on
% The experience of the last two years in the office
Grand Sire, taken in connection with my former service
the floor of the Grand Lodge, has convinced me that the good
jof the Order requires some changes in our laws. While I havl
no sympathy with that class of minds who are constantly
quoting those unfortunate words of the venerated Ridgley,
' The institution of Odd Fellowship is progressive in its character 5—words designed simply to inform the novitiate thaf
there exists a regular gradation in the work of the Order, and
o o
that he can only attain the full measure of the institution
progressively, step by step—as an excuse for the advocacy of
every wild, Utopian scheme which they may deem of benefit
to the Order, I have as little sympathy with that other class
of do-nothings who -constantly and stubbornly oppose any and
all change as innovations harmful to the interests of the great
O O
Brotherhood. 1 am satisfied that as civilization is extended
over the world, and the field of our labor becomes enlarged.
( o
changes are essential to our well-being, and that if we would
o ■ o7
not be left behind in the race for precedence we must keep
step to the music of the nineteenth century. Toleration is a
cardinal principle of our Order, and it and no other Order can
extend so as to include the whole habitable globe so long as
o o
it is based upon the opinions, the feelings and the prejudices of
any small section of God's great universe.    To be successful
it must be in the
iifirne
ist degree cosmopolitan/' 695
QUALIFICATIONS  FOR MEMBERSHIP.
f I again renew my suggestions of last year in reference
to the admission of young men over  eighteen years of age.
«/ O O «/ O
Several communications on this subject have been received
fcom different parts of the jurisdiction, and further reflection
has not changed my opinion on the subject. The sons of Odd
Fellows are being initiated into the Ancient Order of Foresters
because they can do so under age, when they would otherwise
become membeis of our Order. If our mission is to "improve
fand elevate the character of man," no time can be so propitious as before that character has become fixed bv long years
of intercourse with the world and before the cares and responsibilities of life are thrown upon the rising generation. I have
no recommendation to make as to another mooted question,
that of
COLOR.
"It may be well, however, to have this subject in mind
and see whether, in the not distant future, the door may not
be partially opened to admit " educated civilized gentlemen,"
who may have in their veins some particle of Indian blood.
Many such exist in the west and north-west parts of North
America. The door has indeed been partially opened already.
Half and quarter-blood Indian wives of Odd Fellows may be
admitted to membership in our Rebekah Degree Lodges, but
if perchance those wives should bear offspring, such children,
though sons of Odd Fellows, could not be admitted to the
Lodges of their fathers, by reason of their having in their
O ' «/ O
veins a quarter or an eighth Indian blood, nor could their
daughter be admitted,' for the same reason, until after she had
o '
married an Odd Fellow."
SPECIAL ENTERTAINMENT FUND.
" My attention has repeatedly been called to the necessity
of providing for means whereby Subordinate Lodges may
provide a fund to be expended in celebrations, entertainments,
balls and the like, allowed by the laws of the Order. It is
urged, with reason, that if such entertainments are to be held
under the auspices of Subordinates and funds are required,
the only legal way in most cases is to call upon members for
voluntary contributions, and that, as an almost universal rule
in such cases, a few zealous, liberal members of a given
Lodge have the privilege of bearing almost the entire burden
of the entertainment. Again, it is within the knowledge of
very many of the members of the Grand Lodge that the in- 696
stances are numerous where Lodges have violated the law in
this respect by voting funds out of their treasury to pay expenses incurred in various celebrations instituted by them.
The general sentiment sanctions such expenditures, and it
seems to be our plain duty to put things in such a shape that
Lodges will not be tempted or compelled to act contrary to
the law in order to gratify a general desire on the part of
their members for some kind of a performance for the gratifil
cation and amusement of themselves, their wives and children^
Entertainment and amusement we must have, or we cannot
bear the burdens of life as become rational beings. In this
line, I suggest whether a law might not be passed authorizing
' OO O X.
Subordinate Grand Jurisdictions, by general law, to permi^
their Subordinates to set aside not to exceed, say, ten per cent.
of their future dues as a special fund, to be expended by such
Subordinates, in their discretion, in any celebration or entertainment Permitted by their Grand Body and not prohibited
by the laws of this Grand Lodge.    In my judgment, the times I
%J O «/    *) o
require that some relief should be afforded our various
organizations in this regard."
o o
DEGREES  AND  CEREMONIES.
| It seems to me that we have enough, and that it is time
to call a halt. If a member belongs to all the existing branches
o o
of our Order, including the side  degrees and organizations,
* o o o
and does his duty in attendance upon their meetings, he has
little time to devote to his family or to the amenities of social
life, especially if he is a business man. The great public has
demands upon every citizen, which cannot be shirked or
avoided without injury to himself and his family. Besides
this, the increasing expense is alarming. Our Order being
composed mostly of men whose daily bread depends upon
their labor, either in the shop, the field or the office, this question of expense is a serious one. If this state -of affairs continue, and degrees and ceremonies multiply, I am convinced
that ere long there will be an imperative demand for nierge-
ment of some of the branches. It seems to me the height of
folly to increase the number. Let us rather turn our atten-
tion to perfecting wdhat we already have."
JUDICIARY COMMITTEE.
Provision should be made in our Constitution for the
addition of a Standing Committee, to whom all decisions on
law points could be submitted. 697
ILLEGAL EXPENDITURE OF LODGE FUNDS.
Attention is called to pages 69 to 75 of letter book to this
important subject, and I would  recommend  that a law be
made regulating all expenditures.
CONCLUSION.
Representatives,—I have now given you an account of
my stewardship for the year just closed, and we have cause
for congratulations that the Order has kept abreast- with the
general prosperity of the country. A few days more and my
duties will have been transferred to another, and I bespeak
for him more aid and greater encouragement, with a more
o o t
lively interest taken generally bv the members in the work
... O «/ ** j-
of the Order. To my associate Officers, Grand Representative
McColl and all Officers and members who have in any way
assisted me in the duties of my office, I herewith extend to
them my hearty thanks.
Yours Fraternally,
I        JOSHUA DAVIES, Grand Master.
It was moved, seconded and carried,—That the Report
be received and handed to a Committee to distribute it to the
several Committees.
The Grand Master appointed the following to form the
Committee on Distribution -.—McColl, P. G. M., No. 3: Holland, No. 4; Mcintosh, No. 1.
Moved, seconded and carried,—That this Grand Lodge
adjourn to 2 o'clock, p. M.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
AFTERNOON   SESSION.
The Grand Lodge met at 2:30 p.m. pursuant to adjournment.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
R. Scott Deputy Grand faster.
H. Waller, P. G. M Acting Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
W. McColl, P. G. M     I      Representative.
W. H. Flewm      |      Marshal.
T. C. Gray      |      Guardian.
W. H. Huxtable      "      Herald.
F. Came, P. G. M      tc      Chaplain, 698
The Grand Marshal examined those present and reported
all duly qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge duly
opened for business.
The Grand Marshal retired and introduced the following
Past Grands on whom the Grand Lodge Degree was conferred :
O O    9
T. Bamford, No. 4, and B. Kilpatrick, No. 6.
The Grand Secretary read his report of the past year.
t, X X v
Office of the Grand Secretary,
Oddfellow's Hall,
Victoria, B. C, 13 February, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I.O.O.F. :
In compliance with law I beg to present you with a report
of the work of this office during the past year, and of the
condition of the Order in the Jurisdiction to the 31st December last.
The progress made during the year can best be judged by
x o O «/ «/ O «g
comparison with the preceding one, and I have therefore compiled a statement of the different items contained in the reports of the Subordinate Lodges shewing the increase or
decrease in each as compared with my last report.
I am sorry again to have to complain of the want of care
and the dilatoriness shewn by the Secretaries of some Lodges
in the preparation and forwarding of the reports, which has
prevented me from giving this report the careful consideration it requires. In many cases the reports have been sent
me incomplete in essential particulars, or manifestly incorrect
in others, necessitating their being returned, or letters sent
asking for the requisite information, and, even now, some are
incomplete. This unnecessary delay shortens the time at my
disposal for closing the books of the Grand Lodge and preparing my report, and points to the necessity of the Grand
Lodge meeting at a later period of the year. Unless the
Subordinate Lodge reports are prepared with care the information furnished is untrustworthy and their usefulness is impaired
Increase. Decrease.
No. of Subordinate Lodges  9
u   of Rebekah Degree Lodges  1
V   of Members in good standing  890 88
"   Initiated during tlie year  113 22
"   Admitted by Card  22 1 699
Increase. Decrease.
No. Admitted as an A. 0  1                 1
44   Reinstated  2
"   Withdrawn  8
g   Deceased  10                                 12
44   Ceased membership by N. P. D  31                 6
I   Expelled  2                 1
44   Resigned  1                1
44   Rejected  15                                 1
44   Degrees conferred  307
fc4   of Past Grands  141               11
Total revenue $18,087 16 $   471 10
No. of brothers relieved  116                 2
44   of widowed families relieved  3                                  4
44   of weeks sick benefits paid  786             128
Amount paid for relief of brothers $ 5,912 75" $   466 00
44     paid fur relief of widowed families  160 00                     $ 450 00
44     paid for burying the dead . . 780 00                         855 00
44     paid for educating the orphan.. 95 00         95 00
Total relief paid  6,947 75                         764 00
4k    Amount paid for current expenses. 6,29106                      1,383 48
9    Amount of assets  66,906 19    5,730 53
Average amount of sick benefits paid to
each sick member  50 97           3 20
Average amount expended for relief per
member  7 80                             1 81
Average  duration of   sickness  per  sick
. ■. *i
member 6wks 5dys        1 week
Average duration oc sickness per member       6 days
Average amount of assets per member... S      75 20 1 08
Total amount paid for relief since formation of Grand Lodge in 1874 70,344 25
FINANCIAL   STATEMENT.
Amount  of   ca^h  received   and   paid   over   to   Grand
Treasurer during the year :
From whom received.
Supplies.
|    7 50
3 85
1 00
18 25
Tax term
end'ng 30th
June, 1888.
Tax term
ending 31st
Dec'r, 1888.
McNeil
Trust
Fund.
Over-
paym 't
Total.
Vio.fopia. Lodore No. ".
|  132 75
108 00
58 50
57 75
81 00
81 00
26 25
39 75
50 25
§ 43 00
37 00
20 25
22 25
§ 183 25
Columbia Lodge No. 2 —
New Westminster Lodge
No 3	
Dominion Lodge No. 4—
Black    Diamond   Lodge
Harmony Lodge No. 6—
148 85
79 75
80 00
81 00
28 25
8 25
16 00
19 00
17100
198 50
34 50
Vancouver Lodge No. 8..
Colfax    Degree   of   Rebekah Lodge No. 1—
12 75
7 00
4 50
5 00
68 50
$12 00
88 25
4 50
500
§  59 85
§  635 25
§ 194 00
§7100
§12 00  $ 972 10 700
Orders drawn on the Grand Treasurer during the year
1888.
Feb'y 10, ;
N"o.
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March 7,
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July   31,
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Aug.
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Nov.
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Dec.
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1889.
Feb.
1,
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1, G. H. Maynard, bank draft $ 1 00
2, W. Edmunds,     Mileage  30 00
3, J. C. Henderson,        44      10 00 j
4, R. Campbell,              44  10 00
5, T. C. Gray,                  44      8 00
6, W. Vivian,                  44      8 00
7, H. McAdie,                4C      20 00
8, B. Baker,                 P&      20 00
9, R. Scott,                      44      20 00
10, G. Williams,                44      20 00 i
11, § Green,                     44      20 00
12, E. Hoskins,                 44      8 00
13, C. R. Monck, Janitor  10 00
14, J. Davies,             Mileage  15 00
15, F. Davey,                    4t      15 00
16, F. Carne,                     44      15 00
17, R. Mcintosh,              44    ...".  15 00
18, W. E. Holmes,           44      15 00
19, W. Templeman           44      12 50 j
20, R. W. Fawcett,          4*      15 00
21, G. H. Maynard,         44      15 00
22, J. H. Meldram,          t4      15 00
23, H. Waller.                   44      15 00
24, P. W. Dempster,        t4      15 00
25, W. D. McKillican,     44     #  15 00
26, J. Wriglesworth,        44      12 50
27, J. E. Phillips (No.4) kt      15 00
28, W. H. Huxtable, cleaning,  etc., Grand Sec
retary's office  10 00
29, F.  Davey, Grand Secretary, remittance  to
Sovereign Grand Lodge, for supplies, etc. 45 61
30, F. Davey, Grand Secretary, six months' sal
ary ..'      90 00
31, Grand Secretary, postage and sundries  12 55
32, Grand Secretary, for transmission to Sover
eign Grand Lodge, Representative Tax.. 75 00
33, Grand   Secretary,   remittance to Sovereign
Grand Lodge for supplies  10 40
34, Grand Secretary, three months' salary  45 00
35, Grand Secretary, postage, etc  2 75
36, J. Davies, Grand Master, postage for year
1887  10 00
37, M. Miller, printing proceedings 1888  150 00
38, Odd Fellows Union,  12 months' rent Grand
Secretary's office, to 31 Dec, 1888  60 00
39, F. Davey, Grand Secretary, 3 months' salary. 45 00
40, F. Davey, Grand Secretary, postage, etc  1 50
41, Hibben & Co., stationery  10 25
Total payments $ 958 06 701
SUMMARY.
Bala-nce in hands of Grand Treasurer per last report $   363 90
Unpaid orders last term         25 00
Total amount of cash received and paid to Grand Treasurer...      972 10
Less orders drawn
STOCK ACCOUNT.
1,361 00
958 06
Leaving a balance in hands of Grand Treasurer $   402 94
Cr.
Stock on hand per last report
Purchased During the Year:
2 Anniversary Odes, @ 5c $      10
2 Funeral Odes,  @ 5c         10
50 Visiting Cards, @ 20c   10 00
12 Dismissal Certificates, @ 20c     2-401
1 Card for Wife or Widow,. Rebekah
Degree, @ 20c         20
1 Rebekah Certificate         20
10 Books of Forms, @ 75c     7 50
5 White's Digests, @ $2.50   12 50
10 Supplemental Digests, at 50c     5 00
10 Anniversary Ceremonies, @ 20c     2 00
10 Burial Services, Degree of Rebekah.
@10c T   1 00
2 Question Books, @ $1.00     2 00
1 Bound   Journal,   Sovereign    Grand
Lodge     1 50
4 Subordinate Lodge Rituals, @ $2.00.    8 00
Postage,   Customs Duties, etc., on the
above     8 48
$  180
14
Sold During the Year:
102 Visiting Cards, @ 25c $25 50
9 Visiting Cards, Rebekah Degree,  @
3C
2 25
2 75
11 Dismissal Certificates., @ 25c	
2 Rebekah  Degree  Charge Books, @
$3.00 ;	
4 Subordinate Lodge Rituals, @ $3. . ..  1
1 California Beautified Work, D. of R.
50 Applications for Membership, @ l^c.        75
2 Order Books on Treasurer, ® $1.50. . 3 00
6 Books of Forms, @ $1.25  7 50
1 Supplemental Digest  75
1 Officers' Roll Book"  1 00
Carried forward	
98
241 12 STOCK ACCOUNT.—Continued.
Cr.
Brought forward
$ 241 12
1 Bound   Journal,   Sovereign    Grand
Lodge     2
32 Orders for P. W., @ 5c     1
Loss during the year	
66 10
45 73
Stock Still on Hand:
4 Books of Forms (new), @ 85c $ 3
48 Books of Forms (old), no value	
1 Book of Odes, with music	
400 Initiation Petitions      2
Orders for P. W     3
3 Rebekah    Degree    Charge   Books
(new)     9
5 Rebekah Degree Charge Books (old).
44 Diplomas, @ 65c  28
30 Withdrawal Cards, @ 22c     6
12 Dismissal Certificates, @ 22c     2
8 Visiting Cards, @ 22c      1
12 Visiting Cards, Rebekah, @ 22c     2
8 Vols. Proceedings Grand Lodge B. C.,
@$1.25  10
2 Subordinate    Lodge   Charters,    @
60c     1
3 White's Digests, @ $2.50     7
9 White's Digests,   Supplemental,  @
60c     5
20 Rebekah   Degree   Lodge  Odes,   at
5c     1
4 Rebekah   Degree Lodge Rituals,   @
#       $2.25     9
4 Rebekah Degree Lodge Installation
Books, (o> $2.25     9
1 Rebekah Degree Lodge Certificate. .
7 Rebekah   Degree  Lodge, Beautified
Work, @ 50c     3
17 Order Books on Treasurer, (g 90c....  15
2 Anniversary Odes, @ 5c	
2 Funeral Odes, @ 5c	
1 Card for Wife or Widow, Rebekah
Degree	
10 Anniversary Ceremonies, @ 22c     2
10 Burial Services, Daughter of Rebekah
40
00
@ 12c	
2 Question Books, @ $1.20	
Being balance Dr. to said account per
Balance Sheet	
1
129 29
$ 241 1218 241 12 703
BALANCE SHEET.
Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. O. F
February 9, 1889.
Folio.
3
28
42
44
47
49
51
53
55
01
66
70
80
Accounts.
Sovereign Grand Lodge	
Grand Treasurer	
Profit and Loss	
Furniture and Regalia	
Excelsior Lodge No. 7	
Victoria Lodge No. 1	
New Westminster Lodge No.
Vancouver Lodge No. 8....
Dominion Lodge No. 4	
Stock Account	
Tatnai Lodge No. 9	
Black Diamond Lodge No.  5
McNeil Trust Fund	
$ 40*
224
25
Q
O
25
2
25
3
60
03
2
70
129
29
28 50
$ 796 81
Auxiliary Endowment Benefit Association.
No. of members last report	
admitted during the year
deceased, .
suspended
44 in good standing
Being a loss of 23 members.
FINANCIAL   STATEMENT.
Endowment Fund.
receipts.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer, last report $    221 40
Received for assessments *       394 70
$   616 10
PAYMENTS.
1888.
Feb. 29. Order No.  2,  benefit on death of Bro. J.
McNeil $ 221 70 m
Aug. 13, Order No. 4, benefit on death of Bro. A. C.
Couves     204 75$   426 45
Balance $ 704
Management Fund.
receipts.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer, last report $ 187 71$
Interest, 'Savings Bank         6 40
Entrance Fees         5 00
Dues     183 27
$ 382 384
1888.
Feb.  10,
C i
Aua. 18,
Oct. 31,
Nov. 1,
CC
1889.
Feb. 4,
PAYMENTS.
Transfer to Reserve Fund $123 30
Order No. 1, Draft to Nanaimo       1 10
44      5, Grand  Secretary,  6 months'
salary     50 00
44      6, Grand Secretary, postage and
sundries       5 12
44     7, J. A. Cohen, printing       5 25
44     8, Giand  Secretary,   3   months*
salary     25 00
44      9, Grand Secretary, postage and
sundries       2 70*
44    10, Grand  Secretary*- 3   months'
salary     25 00
44    11, Hibben & Co., envelopes       1 50
44    12, Grand Secretary,   postage and
sundries       1 50
Bah
ance
240 00
$ 141 91i
Reserve Fund.
receipts.
Balance in hands of Grand Treasurer, last report $    98 40
Feb. 10, Transfer from Management Fund     123 30
Reinstatements
6 55
PAYMENTS.
March 3, Order No. 3, benefit on death of Bro. W. Wilks
Balance	
h oo
SUMMARY.
Balance Endowment Fund .....$ 189 65
Balance Management Fund     141 914
Balance Reserve Fund         6 55 ~
Total in hands of Grand Treasurer $ 338 114 70;
The large expenditure in the Subordinate Lodges for current expenses deserves some attention, amounting as it does
to 35 per cent, of the gross revenue, and in the case of one
Lodge reaching to 68 per cent. Bro. 01. T. Campbell, P.G.,
Chairman of the Committee on Dues and Benefits in the Sovereign Grand Lodge, states in one of his reports that where
the expenses for management exceed 40 per cent, of the receipts there is danger ahead. In the first years' experience of
a young Lodge it is to be expected that the expenditure under
this head will be much greater than in after years, but the
practice of a rigid economy in the matter of expenses of maintenance will at all times be requisite.
The receipts for per capita tax have exceeded the estimates bv $27.25, with $28.50 owing bv Black Diamond Lodge
No. 5, will make a total excess of $55.75.
The loss on stock account has been occasioned principally
by the issue by the Sovereign Grand Lodge of a new edition
of the Book of Forms, rendering 48 copies of the old edition
on hand, valued at $40.80, obsolete and valueless.
The printing of the proceedings of last session, 100 pages,
was contracted for with Mr. M. Miller at $1.50 per page,
amounting to $150.00. For printing 50 advance copies of the
Grand Master's report last session Mr. Miller charges $63.00.
As this appeared excessive I submitted the bill to the Finance
Committee and was informed by a member that the Com-
mittee could not authorize a payment larger than the sum
appropriated for that purpose. An order was accordingly
drawn in payment of the printing of the proceedings, $150.C05
leaving Mr. Miller's claim for $63.00 to be dealt with by this
Grand Lodge.
In consequence of the additional charge for printing I did
not procure the cupboard authorized last session, but as the
necessity for this article still exists I would ask for an appropriation this year for this purpose.
I am in receipt of a notice from the Oddfellows' Union
that the rent of the Grand Secretary's office from the 1st Jan-
uary last will be $100.00 per year, instead of $60.00, as formerly.
On the 7th April, last, I received the sum of $10.00 from
New Westminster Lodge No. 3, and on 13th October a further
sum of $20.00 from Excelsior Lodge No. 7, as donations, in
response to an appeal from Harmony Lodge No. 6, to a fund 706
to be held in trust bv the Grand Lodge for the benefit of
James McNeil, a minor, son of the late Bro. John McNeil, P.
G., a member of Harmony Lodge. As there is no provision
in the Constitution for the holding of such funds in trust, nor
any special legislation authorizing such, and after consultation
•/ x O O
with the Grand Master, permission was obtained from the
respective contributing Lodges for the remittance of these
amounts to Harmony Lodge No. 6, which was accordingly
done. On the 10th November, 1888, I received a cheque from
the Grand Master for $71.00, received from Harmony Lodge,
with directions to hold the same in trust for Bro. McNeil's
son. I have consequently paid the same to the Grand Treasurer and opened an account in the Grand Lodge books.
Whilst of the opinion that the case is a thoroughly deserving
one, I would recommend that this sum be refunded to Harmony Lodge No. 6, because the adoption of such a responsibility by the Grand Lodge would establish a precedent that
would be attended by inconvenience and dissatisfaction. I
have no doubt somewhat similar cases exist in almost every
Lodge, and would be readily transferred to this Grand
Lodge, because such a fund could not be efficiently adminis-
tered by an Executive scattered probably all over the Pro-
vince: and further, because the Trustees of Harmony Lodge
are constituted by the By-Laws of that Lodge the custodians
of the widows and orphans of their deceased brothers.
An appeal has been received on behalf of Bro. T. S. Bone
from the action of Columbia Lodge No 2, in expelling him
from membership for conduct unbecoming an Oddfellow.
Abstracts of the reports from the Subordinate Lodges are
submitted herewith.
All of which is submitted in F., L. and T.,
FRED'K DAVEY,
Grand Secretary.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and handed to tlie Committee on Distribution.
Report read from Grand Treasurer I
Victoria, Feb. 13, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. O. F.
Dear Sirs and Brothers;—I. the undersigned, beg leave
to present you my report as Grand Treasurer for the year
1888, which is as follows ; 707
1888. Dr.
Feb. 10,  Cash received from Grand Secretary   on  taking
office S 388 90
May 15, Cash from Grand Secretary  27 50
"18,        *'                        **                344 50
Dec. 20,        "                       "               263 75
"            "                       I                46 05
1880.
Feb.   9,        "                      I               290 30
Total moneys received f> 1,361 00
Cr.
Paid Orders 1 to 41 $958 06
Balance on hand  402 94
Total I 1,361 00
All of which is respectfully submitted,
GEO. H. MAYNARD,
Grand Treasurer.
.  ...     Victoria, B. C, Feb. 13,1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F. *.
Dear Sirs and Brothers :—I beg leave to submit my re-
port of the I. O. O. F. Endowment Association :
Endowment Fund.
1888.
Feb. 10, Cash received from Grand Secretary $ 221 40
May 15, " «      191 15
Dec.  20, ** 1      197 90
1889. 3
Feb. 11, j "          5 65
Total * | 616 10
1888.
Feb. 29, Paid Order No. 2 $221 70
May   13. Paid Order No. 4  204 75
1889. '
Feb. 13, Balance on hand ..  189 65
Total  I   616 10
Management Fund.
1888.
Feb.    8, From Grand Secretary $ 193 27
May 15,        " 1        39 25
Dec. 20,       " "       97 67
1889.
Feb. 11,        | I        5135
Total $ 381 54 708
1888.
March 3, By transfer to Reserve Fund $123 30
Aug. 18, Paid Order No. 5  50 00
"    6  5 12
Oct.   31,         "           "   7  5 25
Nov.   1,         "           "   8,9  27 70
1889.
Feb.   4,         %           *•   10, 11, .12  28 00
Balance on hand  142 17
Total  $   381 54
Reserve Fund.
1888
Feb. 10, Balance   $     98 40
March 3, To transfer from Management Fund         123 30
Dec.   20, Cash from Grand Secretary  6 55
Total  $   228 25
1888.
Mvrch 3, By Order No. 3 $221 70
Feb. 13, Balance on hand       6 55
Total e ... $   228 25
Respectfully yours,
X «/        V
GEO. H. MAYNARD,
Grand Treasurer.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and handed to the Finance Committee.
The Grand Master stated that he had an important engagement to fill and requested permission to retire.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the request of the
Grand Master be granted.
The Grand Master retired and the Deputy Grand Master
took the chair.
Report read from Committee on Distribution :
Victoria, February 13th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
Your Committee on Distribution of the Grand Master's
Report, beg to recommend that all the portions relating to
Decisions, and Reports of District Deputies contained on
pages 2 to 14;  the items marked "Refusal," page 17;  Har- 709
mony Lodge, No. 6, page 18; "Dispensations," pages 20 and
21; '' Appointment," page 22 ; and " Proclamations," pages 23
to 28; be referred to the Judiciary Committee.
The portions of the Report marked " Visitations," upon
pages 14 to 17; " Standing," page 18, 19, and a portion of
page 20; " Progress," page 22; " Noteworthy," page 23; to the
Committee on State of the Order.
The portions on page 17 marked '' Complaint;" " Returns,"
on page 21; " Illegal Expenditure of Lodge Funds," page 40;
and 1 Special Entertainment Fund, page 39 ; to the Committee
of Laws of Subordinates.
That portion referring to " Grand Lodge Representatives '
and " Legislative Committee," page 21; and also that portion
upon page 40, referring to " Judiciary Committee," be referred
to the Legislative Committee.
And to the Committee on Correspondence, from pages
28 to 39. I
The item relating to the "Grand Secretary'" to the
Finance Committee.
Fraternally submitted,
Wm. McColl,
Robt. McIntosh,    .
J. Holland,
Committee of Distribution.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the Report be received
and adopted.
Rep. McColl, P.G.M., presented his Report as Grand
Representative,   which   was  read,  and  on   motion  it   was
Resolved,   That the report be received  and printed in the
Proceedings.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F.:
Brothers,—Your Representative to the Sovereign Grand
Lodge, I. O. 6. F., has the honor of submitting the following
Report of the Proceedings of the Sixty-fourth Annual Communication of that Grand Body, which met at the City of
Los Angeles, California, Sept. 17th, 1888, and closed Friday
evening, Sept. 21st.
The Session was most successful and harmonious. 710
All Grand Bodies were represented except the  Grand
Lodges of Denmark and Switzerland.
The following Grand Officers were present:
John H. White Grand Sire.
J. 0. Underwood Deputy Grand Sire.
Theo. A. Ross Grand Secretary.
Isaac A. Sheppard      "     Treasurer.
Allen J encks Asst. Grand Secretary.
Rev. J. W. Venable Grand Chaplain.
John H. Albin      "     Marshal.
Walter G. Dye      "     Guardian.
W. H. Frazier      "     Messenger.
Also Past Grand Sires Nicholson, Sanders and Farnsworth.
REPORT  OF  GRAND  SIRE.
From the report of the Grand Sire the following extracts
are made:
The year 1887 stands out as the most prosperous in the
historv of the Order. Not onlv has the increase in members
been large but the revenue received is larger by hundreds of
thousands, and the expenditures for relief are vastly increased
over any former period. Not only this but the Order has
increased largely in wealth, power and influence. Large cities
and towns which formerly paid little or no attention to us,
now eagerly welcome us to their hospitalities. Judges and
Governors vie with each other in doing us honor, and well
may we be proud of the position the Order has attained.
THE  CONDITION
OF  THE   ORDER.
Increase.   Decrease.
54
Grand Lodges	
Subordinate Lodges     8,331
Grand Encampments  45
Subordinate Encampments     2,048
Lodge Initiations  53,331
Lodge members 555,722
Encampment Initiations   10,932
Encampment members 101,742
Total Relief $2,353,766.02
Total Revenue   6,065,091.^42
It will thus be seen that the net increase in membership
is the magnificent number of 25,422, and the current year
bids fair to outstrip the preceding one.
REBEKAH  LODGES.
Here, too, there has been an unexampled increase in
membership, resources and relief. The statistics are as follows :—
223
1
52
8,425
...
25,422
1,295
3,969
$126,441.52
405,319.05
... 711
2    _ Increase.
Lodges j  1,498 153
Members, Brothers           39,176 5,843
Members, Sisters           40,389 6,431
Assets $179,247 90 $22,955 21
Relief     17,673 91 1,383 10
Expenses     68,112,96 15,102 99
DECISIONS.
The following, a few of the decisions of the Grand
Sire, are brought forward for your consideration :—
No. 19. Question. Is it fitting that a Brother fill the
position of D. D. Grand Master for his Lodge and Recording
Secretary at the same time ?
Answer. I cannot see that the offices are what are denominated incompatible offices. The only necessary conflict
is in the installation, but that may be performed by any Past
Grand.
You class the Noble Grand, Vice Grand and Recording
Secretary together and call them executive officers. This, it
seems to me, is hardly accurate. The Noble Grand is an executive officer, and the Vice Grand may be, as the Vice Grand
mav act in the absence of the Noble Grand. I think the Re-
cording Secretary may more properly be denominated a
1 ministerial' officer, that is, an officer who acts by direction
of another or under another's authority. An executive officer
is one who executes or directs. A ministerial officer is the
directed. I therefore, as at present advised, must decide that
a D. D. Grand Master may act as Recording Secretary, but
that a Noble Grand or a Vice Grand can not.
20. The form of affirmation prescribed in the proclamation of the Grand Sire, December 23rd, 1886, is by its terms
applicable only to officers-elect, about to be installed, and
members of Grand Lodges when they present themselves for
admission, and, of course, the change in the form of the affirmation affects those only. The affirmation is to be adminis-
tered to all officers-elect and all applicants for admission to
Grand Lodges, with these words omitted, viz.: "The Patri-
archal Circle or any successor thereof, by whatever name
known, or in." The affirmation required by the second and
third clauses of the proclamation is not affected at all by the
action of the Grand Lodge, and the affirmation therein provided for applicants for membership in either Lodges or Encampments must be administered to all such applicants, and
taken by them, before they can be received in membership in 712
such Lodges and Encampments. The second paragraph of
the Grand Sire's proclamation warrants and requires the demand, by every Subordinate Lodge and Encampment in every •
Grand Jurisdiction, that each and every applicant for membership in each Subordinate shall take and subscribe the
declaration, upon his honor as an Oddfellow; " That he does
not hold membership in the Patriarchal Circle or any successor thereof, by whatever name the same may be known of;
called." This law is still in force and not affected by the ac-
tion of the Sovereign Grand Lodge at its last session, chang-
ing the form of the declaration to be administered to candidates, to officers-elect of subordinates and applicants for
membership in Grand Bodies. It is the dutv of every Grand
Lodge and Grand Encampment to require all Lodges and
Encampments to conform to this law.
No. 25. The general rule is that any scarlet member is
eligible to any office in a Lodge except that of Noble Grand
and Vice Grand, and hence a Subordinate Lodge has no right
to require service in an appointed office as a qualification for
election to any other elective office.
No. 35. Section 42 of the By-Laws of Argyll Lodge
No. 212 at Napanee, Ontario, instituted October 17th, 1878,
is as follows : :c Non-Beneficial Membership, Section 42. A
member of the Initiatory Degree of Truth may, on application, and a favorable ballot thereon, receive all the degrees for
working purposes, on the payment of one dollar, but he shall
not be entitled to or receive any additional benefits than he
would have been entitled to previous to receiving said degrees
until he shall have paid the balance of the fees, $3.00 for each
degree, and should such member die before he has paid the
full fee, and leave a widow or orphan child or children, their
benefits shall be the same as they would have been provided
the deceased brother had, not received the degrees. The
acceptance of the full fees for such degrees by this Lodge
shall be determined by ballot, and one week's notice in open
lodge must be given before such ballot can be had, and the
Lodge may demand the physician's certificate before taking
such ballot. Section 57 provides benefits as follows: Third
degree, $3.00; Second degree, $2.50; First degree, $2.00; Initiator v degree, $1.50.
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This By-Law of Argyll Lodge is a queer one. I don't
understand what is meant by "a member of the Initiatory
Degree of Truth.' It is an attempt to establish non-beneficial membership.   It provides that  an initiatory member 713
shall receive $1:50 benefits, and then authorizes the conferring
of the three degrees for the sum of $1.00, and the theory of
the By-law seems to be that a member thus situated is a non-
beneficial member. But this is not true, as he receives benefits and participates in the working of the Lodge. .There
would be no objection to the two ballots if the membership
were non-beneficial, because the second ballot, on the theory
of the By-law would simply change him from a non-
beneficial member to a beneficial member, in which case he
has to pay an additional sum of $8.00 for the degrees. The
By-Law is illegal in its whole scope and aims.
No. 37. A Lodge may invest its surplus funds in the
stock of a bank, loan and trust company, or other moneyed
enterprise which it may deem to be a good paying concern.
No. 38. A Lodge holding memorial services, pursuant
to the proclamation of the Grand Sire, may expend a reasonable amount of its funds to defray the necessary expenses
incident thereto, under the limitations and restrictions contained in the decision of the Grand Sire, No. 15, 1887.
No. 52. The Initiatory is a degree in Odd Fellowship,
but is not numbered as such. The four degrees of a Subordi-
nate Lodge are denominated, Initiatory, First, Second and
Third Degrees.
No. 56. When a Noble Grand makes a decision upon
the meaning of a part of the Subordinate Lodge Constitution,
an appeal therefrom to the Lodge is allowable, and the Noble
Grand must put the question to the Lodge as to whether it
will sustain the decision of the Noble Grand; if his decision be reversed, then an appeal can be had to the proper
authority as provided by the local law. In our order there
are no autocrats; the Lodge is superior to the Noble Grand,
the Sovereign Grand Lodge is the superior of the Grand Sire,
As a rule, the Subordinate Lodge has the jurisdiction to
decide any question which can properly come before it. To
prevent misunderstanding, let me say, that a subordinate has
no right to decide any question in reference to the Work of
the Order, written or unwritten.    Digest 962, 963.
No. 63. My attention being called by the Grand Secretary to the fact that the Grand Lodge of California had
resolved to purchase a copy of the Ritual for each of the District Deputies of that jurisdiction, I decided that it was contrary to the law of the order to furnish a copy of such Rituals 714
to those .officers.    Digest 1452 has been  construed by former
CD .       .        n •    i
Grand Sires and Grand Secretary Ridgely to prohibit furnishing Rituals to District Deputy Grand Sires, and it applies
with equal force to D. D. Grand Masters. Those, officer shave
no use for the Rituals, as all of the forms used by them are
printed in the institution and installation books, and the book
of forms published by the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
REBEKAH DECISIONS.
No. 1. No person not a member of a Rebekah Degree
Lodge, except officers expressly authorized by law, can be
allowed to be present at the conferring of the new Rebekah
Work or the exemplification thereof.
No. 10 An unmarried sister of an Odd Fellow of
another jurisdiction can acquire membership in a Rebekah
Lodge in the jurisdiction in which she resides. An application signed by her and indorsed by her brother, the Odd
Fellow, accompanied by a certificate from his Lodge of the
fact of his membership, will authorize a Rebekah Lodge to
elect her to membership. Of course, if the laws of the Lodge
to which application is made require the recommendation of a
member of that Lodge, that must be obtained also. This is a
very liberal construction of the law, but seems to accord with
the tendency of the times. The fact of relationship can be
established in any way that may satisfy the Lodge.
No. 12. The widow of an Oddfellow who was not in
good standing at the time of his death is not eligible, nor does
the fact that she had a brother who was a member, who died
during the life of her husband, make her eligible  under the
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head of unmarried sister. A woman cannot be. a sister of a
dead man. Were the brother alive she would be eligible.
Digest 335.
No. 14. A Rebekah Degree Lodge can confer the Degree of Rebekah on an Oddfellow in good standing without
his becoming a member of the Rebekah Lodge.
HOMES,  TEMPLES,  ETC.
Under this heading the Grand Sire says : " For the purpose of obtaining information as to the Homes, Temples,
Halls, etc., which had been erected or commenced  during my
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administration, I issued a circular requesting information on
the subject, but the responses have not been at all satisfactory, from the fact that less than half of the Jurisdictions
have responded at all.    In justice to those who have complied 715 Ip
with the request the substance of the replies is collated below : e—
Here follow statements from twenty-two Jurisdictions ;
amongst them British Columbia savs:
" Excelsior Lodge No. 7, at Chilliwhack, own a cemetery
lot which cost, with improvements, $629. The value of
assets throughout the Jurisdiction exceeds $80,000. Victoria
Lodge No. 1 has paid to four of its members about $11,000
since 1875.    New Westminster Lodge No. 3, at New  West-
o *
minster, owns iointly with the Masons, each owning a half
t» -i—i.. , ^
interest, a lot and building, the cost of which was, for the lot
$3,875 ; for the building $17,500 jj total $21,375.    Black Diamond Lodge No. 5, Nanaimo, hall and improvements, $500."
In regard to the figures mentioned in connection with
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New Westminster Lodge No. 3, these should be doubled in
each instance.
The Grand Sire, continuing, says: "Nothing conduces
more to the healthy growth and permanent prosperity of a
Lodge than ownership of a piece of real estate. When once
a Lodge has acquired a home of its own, and of which it in
consequence takes pride, there is an air of permanence about
it which attracts to it outsiders, and it conveys the idea that
the institution is of the stable kind. My advice, therefore, is
-Buy land and build vou a home."
to all Lodge
MAGNITUDE OF OUR ORDER.
Very few of us appreciate the importance and magnitude
of the Order to which we belong. Take the two great Oddfellow organizations, the Manchester Unity and the American
Order together, and we find that there are more Oddfellows
in the world by far than there are members of any other
secret fraternal  organization.     The oldest and greatest of
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these, according to their own authority, and it is a truly noble
institution, numbers—from the best estimates that can be
made—1,082,992, while the Oddfellows number, according to
the last actual returns accessible, as follows: Adult male
Oddfellows belonging to the American Order, January 1st,
CD CD **
1888, Sovereign Grand Lodge, 555,722; Grand Lodge of Aus-
tralasia, latest returns, 16,507; Grand Lodge of the German
Empire, 1,833; total American Order, 574,062. Manchester
Unity, 617,587 : grand total, 1,191,649, or 108,657 more than
the oldest and most numerous of jlie secret fraternal organizations.    In addition to this we must not forget that there are 716
40,426 Daughters of Rebekah, who are engaged with us in
striving to ameliorate the condition of suffering humanity.
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This is truly a proud position to occupy, especially as the
Order has been built up in the comparatively short period of
about seventy years.
NEW LEGISLATION.
That the Jewel for the Financial Secretary of a Rebekah
Degree Lodge shall be the same in size and form as the Jewel
for the Secretary, without the word underneath it.
That permission is hereby given for holding a General
Convention of the Daughters of Rebekah at the time and
place of the next annual session of the Sovereign Grand
Lodge, and the several State and Grand Jurisdictions may
o   ** «/
choose, by convention or otherwise, lady Delegates not exceeding four from each State or Grand Jurisdiction to such
General Convention.
That the Noble Grands of a Rebekah Lodge shall require
the officers and members of the same to give the sign of the
Degree, and they answer the same, prior to the Warden declaring the Lodge open.
Your committee to which was referred the resolution
asking for a change in the Rebekah Degree Ritual (relative
to emblems, see exhibit "A"), having carefully considered the
same, beg leave to submit the following:—
We find that the proposed amendment will greatly improve the instructions of the Ritual, and we therefore recommend that the proposed amendment, marked exhibit "A," be
made, and that the Grand Secretary be and is hereby authorized to have said amendment printed on a slip or leaf in size
to correspond with the pages in the Rebekah Degree Ritual,
and that the same be furnished to the Grand Secretaries of
the various Jurisdictions and by them furnished to the Re-
bekah Degree Lodges free of charge.
That it shall be lawful for Degree Lodges of the Daugh-
ters of Rebekah, whenever their regular meetings fall upon
legally established or generally recognized holidays, to omit
such session.
That hereafter the Degree of Rebekah shall only be conferred bv Lodges of the Degree of Rebekah.
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That all laws requiring elective officers in Subordinate
Lodges to have obtained the Degree of Rebekah are repealed. 717
That all Grand Lodges are directed to take such steps as
will secure from Subordinate Lodges the Rituals of said
Degree in their possession.
That a committee of five be appointed to consider the
Sovereign Grand Lodge Representation, with instructions to
formulate an amendment to the Constitution. Committee
appointed Reps. Clark, of Wisconsin ; Dilks, of New York;
Grant, of Kentucky; Maguire, of California; Campbell, of
Ontario.
That the Special Committee on Dues and Benefits be
continued.
The Committee on the State of the Order, to whom was
referred the following petitions, plans and resolutions, praying the Sovereign Grand Lodge to establish or adopt some
plan of insurance or endowment for the use of the Order, viz.:
Plan for an Endowment Rank, submitted by Rep. Graham,
from the Grand Lodge of Louisiana on page 11,239 of the
Journal. Also a resolution adopted by the Grand Lodge of
Nevada, presented by Rep. Mack and entered on page 11,240
of the Journal, and a resolution from Rep. DeMars, of South
Carolina, page 11,343, respectfully report that we have duly
considered all of these propositions as a whole, and are of the
opinion that however beneficial some equitable plan of endowment (if adopted by this Grand Body) might be to the order,
the committee believe that so important a measure should not
be too hastily drawn, as would necessarily be the case should
the committee attempt to formulate a plan at this session, but
on the contrary should be maturely considered during the
recess; and whereas the special committee on Insurance Associations, appointed at the last session, have reported as printed
in the Journal, page 11,337, recommending the appointment
of a new committee, to whom all matters referring to insurance shall be referred to report their conclusions at the next
session of this Grand Lodge; therefore be it resolved that the
Committee on the State of the Order do endorse the recommendation to appoint said committee, and recommend the
reference of all matter pertaining to the Insurance Feature
presented at this session to them, and most respectfully suggest that parties having plans or other information relating
to insurance, to submit the same to that committee for their
consideration during the recess.
Special committee appointed on the above: Reps. Hedges,
of Ohio; Stebbins, of New York; Orendorff, of Illinois: Blanks, 718
of Virginia; Jones, of Michigan-; Wright, of Pennsylvania:
O ? r**) / O ' •*
Gilford, of Massachusetts.
That the Noble Grand and Secretary of a Subordinate
Lodge, the Chief Patriarch and Scribe of a Subordinate Encampment, and the Noble Grand and Secretary of a Rebekah
Degree Lodge during the recess of their respective bodies may
issue visiting cards to members in good standing when application is made to them in writing.
The following amendment to the Sovereign Grand Lodge
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Constitution was effected:
Resolved, that Section 4, Article 1 of the Constitution of
this Grand Lodge be amended so as to read as follows :
With the consent of the Grand Lodge or Grand Encampment of a State, District or Territory, an appeal may be had
by any Subordinate Lodge or Encampment to the Sovereign
Grand Lodge ;   such  consent however, not being necessary
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when an expelled Lodge or Encampment, after having surrendered to its Grand Lodge or Grand Encampment all its effects,
appeals from such decision. Appeals may also be heard from
a member or members of a State, District or Territorial Grand
Lodge or Grand Encampment from the decision thereof; but
in all cases the decision of the State, District or Territorial]
Grand Lodge or Grand Encampment shall be final and conclusive until reversed by this Grand Lodge on a direct appeal
therefrom. All appeals to the Sovereign Grand Lodge shall
be subject to such general regulations as it may adopt.
The following amendment to the By-Laws Sovereign
Grand Lodge was passed :—
At sessions of Grand Bodies, in lieu of any regalia herein-
before described, a ribbon may be worn of the color of the
Al
highest degree  the  member  has  attained,  having attached
thereto any jewel which he is entitled or required to wear.
The following proposed amendments to the Sovereign
Grand Lodge Constitution were laid upon the table to be
dealt with at next session:—
That Art. IX of the Constitution be amended by striking,
out the whole of Sec. 2 and inserting the following:
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Sec. 2. ■, Grand Representatives shall be apportioned as
follows, viz.: To every State, District or Territorial Grand
Lodge or Grand Encampment, having under its jurisdiction 719
fifteen hundred or less members in good standing, one Grand
Representative ; to every State, District or Territorial Grand
Lodge or Grand Encampment having under its jurisdiction
over fifteen hundred members in .good standing, two Grand
Representatives; and no State, District or Territorial Grand
Lodge or Grand Encampment shall have more than two
Grand Representatives.
That Sec. 2, Art. XVI, of the Constitution of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, be and the same is hereby amended so as
to read as follows :
Sec. 2. No person shall be entitled to admission to the
Order except free white males, of good moral character, who
have arrived at the age of eighteen years, and who believe in
a Supreme Being, the Creator and Preserver of the Universe %
provided, however that when the applicant is not of lawful
age, he shall first secure and present in writing, with his
petition for membership, the consent of his father or legal
guardian; and provided, further, that in Australia, New
Zealand and other countries not on the continent of North
America, in which the Order has been or may hereafter be
established, and a Grand Lodge or Grand Lodges formed, the
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•qualification as to age shall be left to local legislation.
That Sec. 2, Art. XVI, of the Constitution be amended to
read as follows:
Art. XVI, Sec. 2. No person shall be entitled to admission to the Order except free white males of good, moral
character, who have arrived at the age of twenty-one years,
and who believe in a Supreme Being, the Creator and Preserver of the Universe; provided, however, that in Australia,
New Zealand and other countries not on the continent of
North America, in which the Order has been or may hereafter
be established, and a Grand Lodge or Grand Lodges formed,
the qualification as to age shall be left to local legislation ;
provided further, however, that a person who. sells intoxicating liquors at retail for the purpose ofiivelihood, shall not be
entitled to admission to the order.
That the Committee on Printing Supplies be authorized
to employ, at a price to be determined by them, a competent
member of the Order to prepare a complete Digest of the existing laws of the Order, to and including the session of 1888,
and that when compiled, the work shall be printed and bound,
electrotype plates made, and as many copies be issued as the
Committee may deem necessary.
m
yJLS-*"
ok 720
That a special committee of three be appointed by the
Grand Sire to prepare and report, either at this or the next
session of this Grand Body, a proper form for public installation of Subordinate Encampment officers.
Resolved, That members of the Order in good standing
and who for twenty-five years or more have been such, shall
be entitled to wear a jewel to be designated the "Veteran
Jewel, I. 0. 0. F." Resolved, further, that the Committee on
Printing Supplies, together with the Grand Sire, are authorized and directed to prepare a suitable design for such jewel,
and whenever in their judgment it shall be expedient to procure and furnish the same to such persons as are entitled
thereto, and at such price as they shall fix, and the proceeds
of such sale shall be paid to the Grand Treasurer as upon
sales of other supplies.
That the date of the death of Past Grand Sire Wildey,
as fixed by resolution authorizing Memorial Service Day, be
and the same is hereby corrected, and that the 19th day of
October be observed by the Order as the day upon which
such memorial services may be held.
That balloting for the Degrees in the Subordinate En-
campment must always be in the Royal Purple Degree.
That when a Grand Master or Grand Patriarch suspends a Subordinate Body, of which he is a member, or
withdraws its Charter, such suspension or withdrawal of
Charter shall not affect his rank or standing in the Order
during the remainder of his term of office, and for the period
of thirtv days after the close of said term.
That at the burial of a deceased Brother the accompanying ode may be sung while the grave is being filled ; see Ode*
p. 11,389, Journal.
Your Committee on Legislation, to whom was referred
the resolution of Representative Kines, of Quebec, asking for
appropriate legislation creating and instituting a Juvenile
Order of Oddfellows, beg leave to report that in their judgment such Juvenile order would not be to the interests of the
Order, and for that reason they recommend that the legisla-
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tion asked for be not enacted, and that they be discharged
v O
from the further consideration of the subject.    Adopted.
The amendment to the Constitution of the Grand Lodge
Cj
of British Columbia, as passed at last session, was approved. 721
The Charter of the Grand Encampment of South Carolina has been reclaimed.
Reports were received upon the State of the Order in
Australia, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, France,
Switzerland, Mexico, Peru, Chili, Cuba and the Sandwich
Islands, and shewed generally a satisfactory progress.
The Patriarchs' Militant movement has continued to advance steadily throughout the great number of departments
in the United States and Canada, and the enthusiasm of the
military element in the Order continues unabated; in testi-
mony of the truth of this statement attention'is called to the
fact that the 462 Cantons reported last year have been increased by the addition of 53 new bodies, through growth or
*/ CD CD
as original organizations, and decreased by the loss of four
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Components, leaving thereby a net gain of 49 Component
Cantons, and making a grand total of 511 Cantons to date.
There is a total membership of 17,482 Chevaliers, estimated
on the basis of 495 Cantons under warrant on April 26th,
1888, (three-fourths reporting, and one-fourth taken from the
reports of 1887), added to the warrant membership of 16
Cantons organized since that date, being an increase of 2,223
Chevaliers over the membership reported on Sept. 1st, 1887.
By making proper allowance for increases not reported at the
anniversary muster, and for the growth of the whole since
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April 26th last, the membership can be safely estimated in
round numbers at 20,000 Chevaliers on Sept. 1st, 1888, which,
with few exceptions, are fully officered and uniformed.
A system of Lodge book-keeping, by Bro. M. Posz, was
presented to the Sovereign Grand Lodge for their consideration and by them endorsed and recommended to the Order at
large.    A copy of this system is herewith annexed.
A History and Manual of Odd Fellowship has been published by Bro. Theo. A. Ross, Grand* Secretary. A committee
appointed to report upon the work thus recommends: ct We
find in the book little to criticise, much to commend. We
therefore recommend that the book be most cordially endorsed by the Sovereign Grand Lodge as invaluable to every
member of the Order." A copy of this work was presented
to each of the officers and Representatives of the Sovereign
Grand Lodge.
The following officers  were elected  to  serve for two
years 722
J. C. Underwood Grand Sire.
C. M. Busbee Deputy Grand Sire.
Theo. A. Ross Grand Secretary.
Isaac A. Sheppard- Grand Treasurer.
Allen Jencks..., Asst. Grand Secretary!
Rev. J. W. Venable Grand Chaplain.
J. H. Albin Grand Marshal.
C. C. Pearce -. Grand Guardian.
W. H.' Frazier Grand Messenger.
The next session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge will be
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held at Columbus, Ohio.
As will be seen in the Journal the great question of admitting members at eighteen years of age was again defeated
O O ts O <j
by a small majority, the vote standing 101 for the change and
51 against. It requires a majority of three-fourths of the
members present to change the Constitution, but great hopes
are entertained that at the next session this change will be
made.
The foregoing is a brief summary of the proceedings of
© © «/ Jl O
the last session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
Your  Representative takes  this  opportunity of again
thanking you for the honor you conferred upon him by electing him to the high station which he has endeavored to fill
. . "...
with credit to the Jurisdiction. Hoping his next report will
be more interesting to you, for at that time he will be more
accustomed to the work of the Sovereign Grand Lodge and
© ©
better able to fill the position, he wishes to say that everywhere he was received with the greatest kindness, the Grand
Sire and many of the Representatives stating that they were
glad to see British Columbia'at last amongst them.
Respectfully and fraternally submitted,
X e/ v J
WM. McCOLL,
Grand Representative •
Report read from Committee on Distribution on Grand
Secretary's report:
Victoria, Feb. 13th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F. :
Your Distributing Committee, to whom the Grand Secretary's report was referred, beg leave to suggest that the
t/ X ' o oo
matters contamed in pages 1 to 4 and the abstracts from reports of Subordinate -Lodges be referred to the Committee on
State of the Order. 723
Pages 5 to 12, except that portion referring to Lodge expenditures on page 11, to the Finanee Committee.
The item relating to P. G. Bro. McNeil's son, na^e 12, to
the Judiciarv Committee.
^
The matter appertaining to Lodge expenditure, on page
11, be referred to the Committee on Legislation.
The notice of appeal from Bro. T. S. Bone, page 13, to
the Committee on Appeals.
Wm. McColl,
Robt. McIntosh,
J. Holland,
Committee on Distribution.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
The Grand Master entered the Grand Lodge and resumed
his station.
Report read from Committee on Appeals:
Victoria, Feb. 13th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia. I. 0. 0. F.:
^D
We, your Committee on Appeals, to whom was referred
the appeal of T. S. Bone against Columbia Lodge No. 2, for
illegal expulsion, beg tb report that we find that the appellant
has not complied with Form 7, Section 4, of the Code of Procedure, Article IV of the Constitution of Subordinate Lodges,
by not furnishing the Lodge with the grounds upon which
«/ O O O L
the appeal rests; further, that the records do not contain the
date when the Lodge took action against the appellant. On
account of these irregularities your Committee cannot entertain the appeal, but in order that no injustice be done either
the appellant or respondent, we recommend that the case be
referred back with instructions to correct the ommissions and
the matter be dealt with at the next session of the  Grand
Lodge.
W. Walker,
B. W. Shiles,
T. C. Gray,
J. E. Phillips,
Fred'k Carne,
Committee on Appeals. 1
¥
724
Bro. J. E. McMillan, P. G., Attorney for the Appellant, T. j
S. Bone, requested permission to address the Grand Lodge,
which was granted.    After hearing Bro. McMillan, P. G., it
was on motion
Besolved, That the report be received and adopted, and
that the Grand Secretary be directed to notify the appellant
and respondent of the action of this Grand Lodge, in order
that thft informality may be rectified.
Report read from Committee on Correspondence:
Victoria, B, C, Feb. 13th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
Your Committee on Correspondence beg to report that
we have carefully considered the same.
We heartily concur in the views expressed by Grand
Master Davies respecting expenditure for mere .display, Encampment and Cantons, and the reception of candidates at the
age of eighteen years, and we commend these matters to the
serious attention of members.
We approve of the action of the Grand Master in inviting the Grand Sire and officers of the Sovereign Grand
Lodge to visit this Province, and regret that the same could
not be accepted.
The Report of Correspondence submitted by. the Grand
Master clearly shows the signal ability, zeal and devotion
which he has brought to bear on the affairs of the Order.
Yours fraternally,
Wm. McColl,
Robt. McIntosh,
Sibree Clarke,
Committee on Correspondence.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committe on Laws of Subordinates:
.  Victoria, B. C, Feb. 13th, 1889.       j
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
The undersigned beg to report that they have examined
the amendments to Articles XV and XVIII of the By-Laws of 725
New Westminster Lodge No. 3, I. 0. 0. F., and approve the
same.
i
H. Waller,
W. E. Holmes,
Wm. Edmunds,
John H. Meldram,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates:
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 13, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
O '
The undersigned beg to report that they have examined
the amendments to Articles XV, XVII and XX of the By-
Laws of Harmony Lodge No. 6, I. 0. 0. F., and approve the
same.
H. Waller,
John B. Henderson,
William Edmunds,
Wm. E. Holmes,
John H. Meldram,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates:
Victoria, B. C, June 12th, 1888.
F. Davey, Esq., Grand Secretary:
The undersigned, to whom was referred the By-Laws of
Excelsior Lodge No. 7, I. 0. O. F., for approval, beg to report
that we find the following errors not only in the By-Laws,
but in the Constitution also, viz.:
In Art. V, Sec. 1, of the Constitution, the Lodge can only
confer one degree at one time on the same Brother.    See Pro-
©
ceedings 1888, p. 638.
Form 7, in Code of Procedure, is the same as Form 8,
and should be as follows :— 726
Form 7.
Notice of Appeal to the Grand Lodge of British Columbia.
 18..
To Lodge No 1. O. O. F. :
The undersigned hereby gives notice that he appeals to the Grand.
O i/O XX
Lodge of British Columbia from the action of the Lodge in the matter ofi
charge and specifications preferred by « against
         This Appeal is taken on the grounds
(here state the grounds of appeal.)
Fraternally,
(Signed), 	
The amendments to Art. XX, Sec. 1 and 4, of the By-
Laws, were quite necessary, and are therefore approved.
The last paragraph of Art. XX, Sec. 1, should be amended
to harmonize with the last paragraph of Article IV, Sec.
2, of the Constitution.
The By-Laws, Order of Business and' Rules of Order
should have the date they were adopted and attested by the
Noble Grand and Recording Secretary.
We beg to report, also, on the amendments to Art. XVIII,
Sec. 1, of the By-Laws of Dominion Lodge No. 4, I. O. O. F.,
which we approve, but Sec. 2 of the same Article must be
struck out.
We would call the attention of the Lodge to  the many
Cj «/
errors in their By-Laws and Constitution.
Art. I of the Constitution should have Sec. 2. See Proceedings 1886, p. 428.
Art. Ill Sec. 1, should be amended. See Proceedings
1886, p. 472.
Art. V, Sec. 1, can only confer one degree at one time on
the same Brother.    See Proceedings 1888, p. 638.
Art. VI, Sec. 10, the Noble Grand cannot appoint the Committee on Charges. See Code of Procedure on Trials, Sec. 1.
Rule 3.    This same error occurs in Art. 3 of the By-Laws.
Art. V of the By-Laws, the letters V. G. should be N. G.
Art. XVI, Sec. 1, is in conflict with the Digest,  Sec. 740.
Art. XVII, Sec. 1, same error as Art. Ill of the Constitution. 727
The last paragraph of Art. XX, Sec. 1, should be amended
to harmonize with the last paragraph of Art. IV, Sec. 2, of
the Constitution.
Art. XXIV. Sec. 5, is in conflict with Art. XIII, Sec. 2, of*
the Constitution.
We also approve the amendments to Art. XVI, Sec. 1,
and Art. XX, Sec. 4, of the By-Laws of Harmony Lodge No. 6.
Submitted in F., L. and T.,
H. Waller,
P. A. Babington,
Chas. Hayward,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates :
Victoria, B. C.,.Nov. 19, 1888.
We, the undersigned, to whom was referred the Bv-Laws
of Colfax Rebekah Degree Lodge, beg to report that we have
carefully examined them and approve the same.
Yours in F., L. and T.,
H. Waller,
P. A. Babington,
Chas. Hayward,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates:
Victoria, B. C, Oct. 12, 1888.
F. Davey, Esq., Grand Secretary,
Dear Sir and Brother:—The undersigned to whom was
referred the amendments to Clauses 37 and 45 and the rescinding of Clauses 50 to 54 of the By-Laws of Vancouver
Lodge No. 8, I. 0. 0. F., beg to report that we approve the
same, and think the amendment to Clause 37 is a very wise one.
Fraternally yours,
H. Waller,
Chas. Hayward,
P. A. Babington,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates. 728
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee on Legislation :
Victoria, July 20, 1888.        ■
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. O. F. :
Dear Sirs and Brothers:—Your Committee on Legislation, to whom at the last session of the Grand Lodge was
assigned the duty of preparing a constitution for Rebekah
Degree Lodges, report the enclosed constitution, with alterations necessary, made to comply with the laws of our Grand
Lodge, for your approval and adoption.
J. WRIGLESWORTH,
Chairman.
[For adopted Constitution for Rebekah Degree Lodges
see Addendum.]
Moved, seconded and carried, that the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Committee "on Legislation:
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. 0. F. :
O '
Your Committee on Legislation beg to recommend that
Art. II, Sec. 3. of Grand Lodge Constitution, be made to read
as follows : " Every Subordinate Lodge shall be entitled in
this Grand Lodge to one Representative for its Charter and
one for each twenty-five members."
Respectfully submitted,
A. Henderson,
F. Carne,
J. E. Phillips,
W. H. Morton,
P. W. Dempster,
Committee on Legislation.
o *
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and laid on the table.
The Grand Secretary gave the following notice of mo
tion :— 729
I hereby give notice that I will move to-morrow that
J    o
Sec. 3 of Art. II, of this Grand Lodge Constitution be amended
as follows: Strike out the word " fifteen " where it occurs in
lines 3 and 4, and substitute the word " thirty ' in lieu thereof ; also strike out the word " ten' in line 5, and insert
1 twenty-five' in place thereof, so as to make the paragraph
read as follows:    " Every Subordinate  Lodge  shall be en-
t/ o
I titled in this Grand Lodge to one Representative for its
| members of thirty or under, also one Representative for
1 every thirty members over and above said first number of
I thirty, and one for a fraction exceeding twenty-five mem-
I bers in good standing."
© ©
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, gave the following notices of motion :—
" I  hereby give notice that to-morrow I will move the
«/       o
I following amendment to the Constitution of this Grand
" Lodge: Art. II, Sec. 1, strike out the word i February' and
I insert the word f May' in the second line."
" I hereby give notice that to-morrow I will move the
«/   o
I following amendment to the Constitution of this Grand
I Lodge : Art. II, Sec. 3, strike out from the word c one,' in
I the second line, to word ' standing,' in the fifth line, and in-
1 sert  c one Kepresentative   for every 25 members in good
standing.1
©
The Grand Secretary gave the following notice of mo-
•/     o o
tion:—
I hereby give notice that I  will move the following
«/     © o
amendment to the Rules of the Auxiliary Endowment Bene-
fit Association of this Grand Lodge to-morrow :
CD
Page 7, Article on Fees, Dues and Assessments, line 3—
after the word " Dollar !* add " and fifty cents:"
Add another paragraph to Article on Management, on
page 5, as follows: " The Executive Committee shall be em-
" powered to appoint such agents in the different Lodges in
" this Jurisdiction as they may deem advisable, who shall be 730
■
" authorized to receive applications for membership and col- ]
" lect the assessments and dues from members of this Associa-
u tion and transmit the same to the Grand Secretary, and as
% remuneration for the performance of these duties shall re-
" ceive $1 for each accepted new member and 5 per cent, for
" the collection of assessments and dues from all but new
I members, also shall be empowered to deduct the cost of re-
" mitting such moneys to the Grand Secretary."
Report read from Committee on Laws of Subordinates:
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 13, 1889.        j
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I Q. 0. F.: 5
Your Committee on Laws of Subordinates, to whom was
referred certain portions of the Grand Master's and Grand
Secretary's reports relating to insufficiency of time at their
disposal to prepare these documents, beg to report that in "the
opinion of this Committee it would be advisable for this
Grand Lodge to meet at a later season of the year in order to
afford Lodges longer time in which to submit their returns
to this Grand Body.
H. Waller,
Wm. E. Holmes,
William Edmunds,
John H. Meldram,
Jno. B. Henderson,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the report be
received and laid on the table.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That a committee be
appointed to enquire into the complaint of the Grand Master
respecting the action of Black Diamond Lode No. 5 in conferring the Degrees on a member of that Lodge contrary to
his orders, and report to this Grand Lodge.
The Chair appointed the following committee: Rep.
Henderson, No. 7, Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, Rep. Holmes, No. 1,
and Rep. Bamford, No. 4.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That-this Grand
Lodge adjourn to 8:30 p. m.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned. 731
EVENING SESSION.
The Grand Lodge met pursuant to adjournment at 8:45
o clock.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
R. Scott Deputy Grand Master.
E. S. Scoullar Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
G. H. Maynard Grand Treasurer.
W. McColl, P.G.M Grand Representative.
W. H. Flewin Grand Marshal.
T. C. Gray Grand^uardian.
J. Pope ....: Grand Conductor.
W. H. Huxtable Grand Herald.
F. Carne, P.G.M Grand Chaplain..
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal having examined all present reported
them duly qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
opened for business.
The Grand Marshal retired and introduced the following
?ast Grands on whom the Grand Lodge Degree was conferred :    W. Craft, No. 2, F. T. Sherborne and L. H. Cousins,
R4-   § ft
The hour fixed by law for the election of Grand Officers
for the ensuing Year having arrived, the following nomina-
O    V O ' CD
tions were made :—
FOR  GBAND  MASTER.
J. H. Meldram, No. 2 Nominated by J. Pope, No. 2
R. Scott, No. 6 Nominated by R. H. Baker, No  3
FOR  DEPUTY  GRAND MASTER.
W. Walker, No. 4 Nominated by F. Norris, No. 2
R. Mcintosh, No. 1 Nominated by W. H. Flewin, No. 1
E. S. Scoullar, No. 3 Nominated by J. Crossan, No. 5
FOR  GRAND  WARDEN.
W. Edmunds, No. 9 Nominated by D. Dale, No. 1 I
FOR GRAJtfD SECRETARY.
F. Davey, No. 1 Nominated by T. R. Mitchell, No. 1
FOR GRAND  TREASURER.
G. H. Maynard, No. 2  Nominated by F. Davey, No. 1
J. E. Phillips, No. 4 Nominated by J. Holland, No. 4\
The Grand Master appointed Rep.  Holmes, No. 1#  and
Rep. Clarke, No. 9, to act as Tellers.
The ballot was spread for the election of Grand Master
and the following result announced :
No. of votes cast 54
J. H. Meldram, No. 2.4 received 31 votes
R. Scott, No. 6      "       23    "
J. H. Meldram was accordingly declared duly elected as
O   v «/
Grand Master.
The ballot was then spread for the election of Deputy
Grand Master and the following result announced:
No. of votes cast 55
W. Walker, No. 4 •. received 30 votes
R. Mcintosh, No. 1      1 8    £
E. S. Scoullar, No. 3      "        17    "
W. Walker, No. 4, was accordingly declared duly elected
as Deputy Grand Master.
W. Edmunds, No. 9, being the only nominee for the of-
' ' CD %J
fice of Grand Warden, the Grand Secretary  was,  on motion,
instructed to cast the ballot for his election, which  was com-j
plied with, and Bro. Edmunds declared duly elected -as Grand!
Warden.
F. Davey, No. 1, being the only nominee for the office of
Grand Secretary, it was moved, seconded and carried, That
the Grand Treasurer cast the ballot for the election of Bro.
Davey, which was done, and that Brother declared duly
elected as Grand Secretary.
The ballot for the election of Grand Treasurer was
spread and the following result was announced ; 733
No. of votes cast 54
G. H. Maynard, No. 2 received 15 votes
J. E. Phillips, No.  4      ?4       39    "
J. E. Phillips, No. 4, was accordingly declared duly elected
as. Grand Treasurer.
Representative McLennan, No. 2, stated that he was
authorized by Bro. Jones, Photographer, Douglas street, to re-
t/ ©        JT ** ©
quest that the Past Grands in attendance would favor him
with a sitting, so that he could prepare and present to the
Grand Lodge a group picture of its members. It was moved*
seconded and carried, That the offer of Bro. Jones to photograph the members of this Grand Lodge -be accepted with
thanks.
It was moved by Rep. T. C. Gray, No. 8, and seconded
by Rep. McLennan, No. 2, That the next meeting of this
Grand Lodge be held at Vancouver.
Moved by Rep. Mitchell, No.  1, and seconded by Rep.
Dale, No. 1, That the next meeting of the Grand Lodge be
7 © ©
held at Wellington.
Resolved, That the question of the place of the next
meeting of the Grand Lodge be decided by ballot.
o o «/
Rep. Holmes, No. 1, and Rep. Clarke, No. 9, acting as
Tellers, the ballot was spread with the following result: No.
of votes cast, 50.    For Vancouver, 32; for  Wellington, 18.
j J J Cj '
The Chair announced that the next session of this Grand
Lodge would be held at Vancouver.
Report read from the Committee on Laws of Subordinates :—
f ■ Victoria, B. C, Feb. 13, 1889.   jfe
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F. j
©
Your Committee on Laws of Subordinates, to whom was
referred the matter of | Illegal Expenditure of Funds," and
" Special Entertainment Fund," beg to report as follows :
We recommend that Subordinates be allowed to create a
special fund to be called a " Contingent Fund for Special Purposes for the Good of the Order," such as entertainments. 734
celebrations, or relief in special cases, at the discretion of each
Lodge. Such fund to be formed by a certain percentage oi\
the quarterly dues, not to exceed 10 per cent., where the proportion between duvs levied and benefits paid will permit.
Where this is not the case, that subordinates be allowed to
levy a per capita tax not to exceed one dollar per year.
H. Waller,
Jno. B. Henderson,
John H. Meldram,
William Edmunds,
W. E. Holmes,
Committee on Laws of Subordinates.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the consideration   of j
this report be postponed till to-morrow.
Report read from Committee on Legislation:—
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
Your Committee on Legislation beg to recommend that a
Standing Judiciary Committee, to whom all decisions on law
points shall be submitted, be added to the list of committees,
in Art. VI, Sec. 2, of the Constitution of the Grand Lodge of
British Columbia.
J. Wriglesworth,
A. Henderson,
W. H. Morton,
J. E. Phillips,
Fred'k Carne,
P. W. Dempster,
Committee on Legislation.
©
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the report be
received and adopted.
Rep. Henderson, No. 2, gave the following notice of motion :—
Victoria, Feb. 13,1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia:
I hereby give notice that to morrow I will move the fol-
lowing resolution :    V That a Standing Judiciary   Committee
O CD v
consisting of five members to whom all decisions on points of
law shall be submitted, be added to the list of committees in
Art. VI, Sec. 2, of the Constitution of the Grand Lodge of
British Columbia,
A. HENDERSON, 735
Report read from the Committee on Legislation :—
Victoria, B. 0., Feb. 13, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. O. 0. F.!
Your Committee on Legislation, to whom was referred a
portion of the Grand Secretary's report at the. last session of
this Grand Lodge, beg to report as follows:
That the section mentioned by the Grand Secretary as
being omitted from the Grand Lodge Constitution at its last
reprint, viz., Sec. 4 of Art. 8, be inserted, and the rest of the
recommendations referred to us by last year's committee be
laid over until a reprint of the Grand Lodge Constitution is
necessary.
J. Wriglesworth,
A. Henderson,
W. H. Morton,
J. E. Phillips,
P. W. Dempster,
Committee on Legislation.
CD
Resolved, That the report be received and adopted;
Moved, seconded and carried, That this Grand Lodge do
now adjourn to 10 o'clock a. m. to-morrow.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
SECOND  DAY.
Oddfellows' Hall,
I Victoria, B. C. Feb. 14, 1889.
The Grand Lodge assembled at 10:40 a. m., on the above
date, pursuant to adjournment.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
R. Scott Deputy Grand Master.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
W. McColl, P.G.M Grand Representative.
J. E. Phillips (No. 4) Acting Grand Marshal.
T. C. Gray Grand Guardian.
W. H. Huxtable Grand Herald.
F. Carne, P.G.M Graud Chaplain. 736
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal examined all present and reported
them duly qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge]
open for business
The Minutes of the preceding day's session were read
and, on motion, adopted as read.
Rep. Mcintosh, No. 1, explained that his name had been
put in nomination for the Chair of Deputy Grand Master last
evening without his consent and much to his regret.
o o
Rep. Henderson, No. 2, moved the resolution of which
notice was given yesterday, to amend the Grand Lodge Constitution by the addition of a Committee on Judiciary to the
Standing Committees; Art. VI, Sec. 2 ; seconded by Rep.
Holmes, No. 1, and carried
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, moved the resolution standing in
his name, to amend the Grand Lodge  Constitution by alter-
*, CD ai
ing the date of meeting of the Grand Lodge from the month
© © ©
of February to the month of May: seconded by Rep. Henderson,
No. 7. On being submitted to the vote, 15 voted in the affirmative and 14 against. The resolution not having the support of
two-thirds of the Representatives present, was declared lost.
Grand Secretary Davey moved the resolution standing in
his name, to amend the Grand Lodge Constitution respecting
representation; seconded by Rep. Mcintosh, No. 1. The vote
being taken, 12 voted  for and 16 against.    The resolution
CD ' CD
was accordingly declared lost.
o   «/
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9. moved the amendment to the
Grand Lodge Constitution ot which notice was given yester-
o o */
day, reducing the number of Representatives; seconded by
Rep. Baker, No. 3.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the further consideration of this question be deferred.
Resolved, That the Grand Lodge adiourn till 2 o'clock
CD *J
this afternoon.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned, ?37
AFTERNOON   SESSION.|
The Grand Lodge convened at 3:20 p: m.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
-g, Scott Deputy Grand Master.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
W. McColl, P.G.M Grand Representative.
J. E. Phillips (No. 4) Acting Grand Marshal.
T. C. Gray Grand Guardian.
W. H. Huxtable Grand HeraW.
F. Came, P.G.M Grand Chaplain.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal, after examination, reported all
present duly qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
open for business.
The Grand Marshal retired and introduced Past Grands
Bishop and Ralph, of Dominion Lodge No. 4, and the Grand
Lodo-e Degree was conferred on them.
© ©
The Representatives of Vancouver Lodge No. 8 submitted
the following.:—
February 14, 1889.
To the Grand Lodgeof British Columbia, I. 0. O. F.:
The Representatives of Vancouver Lodge No. 8, by
authority of their Lodge, respectfully request that it may be
allowed to set aside one dollar per year from each members
dues to form a management or contingent fund tor such objects as may be for the good of the Order, it being shown
that their dues exceed the proportionate amount fixed by
your Grand Lodge in relation to benefits to be paid, and m
conformity with the opinion expressed by Grand Sire Underwood; see paragraphs 3 and 4, page 3o, Grand Masters
report.
All of which is respectfully submitted,
Jno. B. Henderson,
T. C. Gray,
Representatives Vancouver Lodge No. 8. 738
It was moved, seconded and carried,  That the proper
method for Vancouver Lodge to deal with this question is by,1
an amendment to its By-Laws.
Report read from Special Committee on complaint made
by the Grand Master against Black Diamond Lodge No. 5 :—I
j © ©
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 14, 1889.       I
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.; I
Your Special Committee to whom was referred the com-]
plaint made against Black Diamond Lodge No. 5, in the Grand!
K IT -
Master's report, have carefully examined the correspondence
on the subject and find that, on account of Black Diamond
Lodge having failed to explain satisfactorily the matter under]
O CD L %J
discussion, no other course was open to the Grand Master but
to report as he has done.
A doubt is raised in the minds of your committee as  to
whether the rights of Harmony Lodge No. 6  have not been
CD V CD
infringed and the commands of the Grand Master disregarded,
o ©
but  as  Harmony  Lodge  desires  that  the  matter may be
v O «/
dropped, and with a view of allaying any further irritation,
your committee recommend that this course be adopted.
We wish, however, to express our opinion that the Secretary should have been more careful in replying to communica-
«/ J.      «/ CD
tions from the Grand Master; further, that Lodges should
closely adhere to the law respecting the admission to membership of any person who is not strictly a resident of their district. We trust that in future the only rivalry arising between Lodges will be in the amount of good that each can
CD O
perform.
Respectfully submitted,
W. E. Holmes,
Wm. Edmunds,
Jno. B. Henderson,
Jno. C. Henderson,
Committee.
It was on motion resolved, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Judiciary Committee :— 739
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
Your Committee to whom was referred that portion of
the Grand Secretary's report in reference to the case of the
son of the late Bro. Jno. McNeil, beg leave to report that in
their opinion, the Trustees of Harmony Lodge are the proper
parties to look after the orphans belonging to their own
Lodoje, and not the officers of this Grand Lodge. We therefore recommend that the sum of $71, now in the hands of the
Grand Treasurer, be refunded to Harmony Lodge.
All of which is fraternally submitted,
Thos. R. Mitchell,
B. W. Shiles,
Committee on Judiciary.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be received
and adopted.
Report read from Judiciary Committee :—
Victoria, B. C. Feb. 14., 1889.
|   To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. *0. O. F. :
Yonr Committee to whom was referred the decisions
contained in the Grand Master's report beg leave to report
that they entirely agree with the same and recommend their
adoptior
Thos. R. Mitchell,
B. W. Shiles, I l g
Committee on Judiciary.
iMoved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
Report read from Committee on State of the Order.
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 14th, 1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. O. F. :
We, your Committee on the State of the Order, to
whom certain portions of the Grand Secretary's report was
referred, beg to report as follows : That your Grand Secretary deserves to be highly cornplimeiited on the able and
efficient manner in which he has performed the duties of his 740
office. We also congratulate the Order generally throughout
the Province on its present satisfactory condition, and hope
that it will continue to go on in the good work.
All of which is fraternally submitted,
B. W. Shiles,
F. Carne,
J. Holland,
Committee on State of the Orders
Resolved, That the report be adopted as read.
Report read from Committee on State of the Order :—
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 14th, 1889.        j
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, L O. O. F. :
We, your Committee on the State of the Order, to
whom was referred certain portions of the Grand Master'sJ
report, beg to report as follows: We approve of that portion of the Grand Masters report from | Visitation" on page 14
to "Complaint" on page 17. That portion from "Standing" on
page 18 to portion of page 20, referring to "Dues and Benefits,"
we recommend for the serious consideration of this Grand
Lodge, pending the decision of the Representatives of the
Sovereign Grand Lodge, who have the same under their con-
© © '
sideration.
The Grand Master deserves credit for the trouble he has
taken in obtaining statistics from so many sources.    Your
CD ^„^ */
Committee congratulates this Grand Body and   the   Order
CD «/
generally on the progress made by the Order both numerically and financially. We would recommend that the Secretaries of the different Lodges be impressed with the necessity
of sending in returns as early in the beginning of the term as
possible.
We approve of the action of Excelsior Lodge No. 7, referred to in that portion of the Grand Master's report as
'* Noteworthy," and would suggest that the other Lodges in
the Province take an example therefrom.
B. W. Shiles,
F. Carne,
# J. Holland,
Committee on State of the Order. 741
Moved, seconded and carried, That the report be adopted
as read.
The Grand Master presented a communication addressed
to him by Manitoba Lodge No. 1, requesting permission to
circulate a petition in this Jurisdiction asking for assistance
to liquidate the debt on their hall, which was read, and on
motion it was resolved, That the request be granted.
Rep. J. C. Henderson, No. 7, .gave the following notice of
motion:—
I hereby give notice that I wrill to-morrow move the following amendments the Constitution of this Grand Lodge;
Strike out the words " Second Wednesday in February," in
line 2 of Sec. 1, Art. II, and insert in place thereof "Third
Wednesday in April/'
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, gave the following notice of mo-
tioij:—
I hereby give  notice  that  I  will  move the  following
v        CD ^
amendment to Section 3 of Article II of the Grand Lodge
©
Constitution: Strike out the word § fifteen " where it occurs
in lines 3 and 4, and insert the words " twenty-five " in lieu
thereof; and also strike out the words " and one for every
fraction exceeding ten," in lines 4 and 5, so as to make the
paragraph read as follows: " Every Subordinate Lodge
\ shall be entitled in this Grand Lodge to one Representa-
' tive for its members of twenty-five or under, also one Repre-
c sentative for every twenty-five members over and above
1 said first number of twenty-five members in good standing."
The Grand Secretary moved the amendment to the rules
of the Endowment Benefit Association of this Grand Lodge,
© *
of which notice was given yesterday, which was seconded  by
Rep. Scott, No. 6, and carried unanimously.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the installation of the officers of this Grand Lodge take place to-morrow
evening, the Lodge being opened in the Third Degree. 742
Rep. Shiles, P.G.M., No. 3, gave the following notice of
motion to amend the Constitution of this Grand Lodge :—
Add to Clause 2 of Sec. 3, Art. II: " Each Lodge shall
e< at the same time elect one Alternate for each Representa-
" tive elected, and in case a Representative shall be unable to|
" attend the session of the Grand Lodge, then the Alternate
CD     '
" receiving the highest number of  votes may attend in hisl
" place and have all the powers and privileges of a Represen-
" tative." j
The report of the Committee on Laws of Subordinates
recommending that Lodges be allowed to create a special]
fund for entertainments, etc., the consideration of which was
deferred yesterday until to-dav, was taken from the table.
It was moved and seconded, That the report be received!
and adopted.
Moved as an amendment, That the words " a certain per-/
I centage of  the  quarterly dues not  to  exceed 10 per cent.
ci where the proportion between dues levied and benefits paid]
" will permit.    Where this is not the case that'    be  struck
out.
Moved as an amendment to the amendment, That the
matter, be deferred one year and referred to the Judiciary
Committee.
The question being on the amendment to the amend-j
ment, it was declared to be lost.
The amendment was then put and declared to be carried.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the report be
adopted as amended
It was moved, seconded and carried, Thai the report of
the Committee on the State of the Order on the Grand
Master's report be reconsidered.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the report bei
amended by the addition to the first paragaaph of the words-^
but that the portion on pages 16 and 17, from the word "can" 743
to the word " honor," be not printed in the proceedings of this
session of the Grand Lodge.
©
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the Constitution of Subordinate Lodges be amended by the addition of
CD t/
the words " which shall in no case be less than twelve dollars
I per year," after the word "by-law," in the sixth line of
Sec. 1, Art. IV.
It was on motion resolved, That this Grand Lodge pay
an official visit to Dominion Lodge No.  4, this evening at
CD ' ^J
7:30 o'clock.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That this Grand
Lodge do now adjourn to 4 o'clock p. m. to-morrow.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
THIRD    DAY.
Oddfellows' Hall, Victoria, B. C,
February 15, 1889.
The Grand Lodge assembled at 4:30 p. m., pursuant to
adjournment.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
R. Scott Deputy Grand Master.
F. Carne, P. G. M Acting Grand Warden.
F. Davey Grand Secretary.
J. E. Phillips (No. 4) • Acting Grand Marshal.
T. C. Gray Grand Guardian.
W. H. Huxtable      |      Herald.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal, after due examination, reported all
present qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
open for business. 744
The minutes of preceding day's session were read and, on
motion, confirmed.
Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, moved the resolution standing in
his name to amend the Constitution of this Grand Lodge, reducing the number of Representatives to one for each twenty-
five members in the Subordinate Lodge, which was seconded
by Rep. J. B. Henderson, No. 8, and carried.
i
Rep. Henderson, No. 7, moved the resolution of which I
notice was given yesterday, to amend the Grand Lodge  Con-
stitution as to the time of. meeting of the Grand Lodge, sec-
© CD
onded by Rep. Edmunds, No. 9, which was not agreed to ; 15
voting for and 14 against the motion.
Rep. Shiles, P. G. M., No. 3, moved to amend the Grand
Lodge Constitution, providing for the election of Alternate
Representatives, seconded by Rep. Carne, P. G. M., No. 1, and
carried.
Report read from the Committee on Finance :—
Victoria, B. C, Feb. 15,1889.
To the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, I. 0. 0. F.:
CD
Your Finance Committee beg to report that they have
examined the books, vouchers and reports of the Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer, and find the same correct and well
kept, and as the Secretary has considerable work, we recommend an increase of his salary from $180 to $225 per annum.
We would recommend that the bill of Mr. Munroe Miller
for extra printing, $63, be paid.
We would suggest that the per capita tax of Subordi-
O© IT 11
nate Lodges be $1  for the ensuing year: seventy-five cents
payable June 30, and twenty-five cents on December 31.
Estimate of revenue and expenditure for the ensuing
year:
REVENUE.
Balance in Grand Treasurer's hands, less the McNeil fund.... 3    331 94
Per Capita tax, 890 members at $1 each       890 00
Due from Black Diamond Lodge         28 50
$1,250 44 745
EXPENDITURE.
Printing $
Grand Secretary's salary	
Grand Secretary's office  . .*	
Sovereign Grand L^ore j-ax	
Cupboar \ re-vote	
Postage	
Herald	
Janitor	
Due the Sovereign Grand L'Hso	
Due the Tatnai Lodge	
,—Mileage. -^
2 Rep. from Kamloops,   @ $40	
5
H
New Westm'r,
15
5
i (
Nanaimo,
10
3
<<
Vancouver,
14
4
a
Wellington,
10
1
i
Chilliwhack,
18
280 00
225
00
100
00
75
00
20 00
15
00
10 00
10
00
8
00
12
00
80 00
75
00
50 00
42
00
40 00
18 00
$1,060 00    1,060 00
Leaving a%balance of receipts over expenditure $   190 44
Fraternally submitted,
H. Waller,
Wm. McColl,
T. C. Gray,
Committee on Finance.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the report be
adopted as read.
Moved by Rep. Waller, P.G.M., No. 2, and seconded by
Rep. Walker, No. 4, That the Printing Committee call for
tenders for printing^the proceedings of this Grand Lodge.
The Grand Master having explained that he had made
arrangements for this work in connection with the printing of
his report,
It was moved as an amendment by Rep. Henderson, No.
2, and seconded by Rep. Mcintosh, No. 1, That the motion be
amended by inserting between the words " the ' and " Print-
ing" the words  "action of the  Grand  Master in making 746
" arrangements for the printing of the proceedings of this
1 session of the Grand Lodge be endorsed, but that in future
"the—" §|| |      ' j
The question being the adoption of the amendment, it]
was carried.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the Printing
Committee be empowered to get the Grand Officers' reports
printed prior to the meeting of the Grand Lodge if they consider it advisable.
It was on motion resolved, That the Grand Lodge adjourn to 8 o'clock this evening.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
EVENING   SESSION.
The Grand Lodge met at 8 o'clock p. m., pursuant to adjournment.
Present:—
J. Davies Grand Master.
R. Scott Deputy Grand Master.
Fred'k Davey % Grand Secretary.
G. H. Maynard          "     Treasurer.
W. H. Flewin      |     Marshal.
T. C Gray      fc<     Guardian.
J. Pope      "     Conductor.
W. H. Huxtable      |     Herald.
F. Carne, P. G. M      |     Chaplain.
The Grand Secretary reported a quorum present.
The Grand Marshal reported all present duly qualified.
The Deputy Grand Master declared the Grand Lodge
opened for business.
It was on motion resolved, That the name be inserted in
that portion of the Grand Master's report wherein reference
is made to a Past Grand of Black Diamond Lodge No. 5, 747
who had failed to qualify, in order to be entitled to receive
the Grand Lodge Degree and a seat in this Grand Lodge.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the thanks of
this Grand Lodge are due and are hereby tendered to the
three Lodges in this city for the use of the hall, etc., during
this session.
It was on motion resolved. That the Grand Lodge be
now closed in the Grand Lodge Degree and reopened in the
Third Degree, for the purpose of' installing the officers elect.
The Grand Lodge was accordingly closed in the Grand
Lodge Degree and opened in the Third Degree.
■% After the admission of all qualified members in attend-
ancefthe chair appointed Rep. Waller, P.G.M., and Rep.
Shiles, P.G.M., to present the Grand Master elect for installation. ' Bro. J. H." Meldram, No. 2, was presented, obligated
and duly installed as Grand Master for the ensuing year.
Bro.   W.   Walker,  No.   4,  was  also  duly installed as
Deputy Grand Master.
Bro.  Wm.  Edmunds,  No.   9, was installed as Grand
Warden.
I   Bro. F. Davey, No. 1, was installed as Grand Secretary.
Bro.  J.  E. Phillips,  No.  4,  was  installed  as   Grand
Treasurer.
The Grand Master announced the following appointments :—
Ip Bro J E Phillips, No. 3, to be Grand Marshal; Bro.
J Crossan, No. 5, Grand Guardian: Bro. J. 0. Henderson,
No 7, Grand Conductor; Bro. W. H. Huxtable, No. 1,
Grand Herald; Bro. W. E. Holmes, No. 1, Grand Chaplain;
and  these officers  were  duly  installed  in their respective
chairs.
I   The Grand Master made the following appointments  to
form the Standing Committees;— 748
Finance.-W. McColl, P.G.M., No. 3; W. E. Holmes, No. 1; H.
Waller, P.G.M., No. 2; A. McCorvie, No. 3; G. Williams, No. 6.
Appeals.—H. Waller, P.G.M., No. 2; B. W. Shiles, P.G.M., No.
3; J. C. Henderson, No. 7; J. Holland, No. 4; J. B. Henderson, No. 8.
Laws of Subordinates. -P. Carne, P.G.M., No. 1; P. W. Dempster, No. 2: R. Mcintosh, No. 1; A. Clarkson, No. 6; G. Loney, No. 9.
State of the Order.—J. Wriglesworth, P.G. *f., No. 4; S. Clarke,
No. 9; \V. Vivian, No. 8; E. S. Scoullar, No. 3; R. Scott, No. 6.
Petitions. —G. H. Maynard, No. 2; A. G. McCandless, No. 4; W.
H. Morton, No. 5; D. Dale, No. 1.
Legislation.—J. Davies, P.G.M., No. 1; J. Hoskins, No. 6; W.
Templeman, No. 1; A. Henderson, No. 2; T. Bamford, No. 4.
Judiciary. —*Y. D. McKillican, P.G.M., No. 4; T. R. Mitchell,
No. 1; R. W. Fawcett, No. 2; R. Campbell, No. 7; J. A. Thompson,
No. 6.
Endowment Associations.—J. Pope, No. 2; G. Williams, No. Iff
L. Cousins, No. 4; R. Kilpatrick, No. 6; A. McCorvie, No. 3; W. Edmunds, No. 9; W. Beavis, No. 8; J. C. Henderson, N». 7; G. Ramsay,
No. 5.
Printing.—Grand Secretary,   Grand Treasurer,  G.  H.   Maynard,
No. 2.
Also the following as District Deputy Grand Masters:—
T. J. Partridge, No. 1, for District No. 1.
R. H. Baker, No. 3, for District No. 2.
A. McGregor, No. 5, for District No. 3.
B. Shearing, No. 6, for District No. 4.
J. McCutoheon, No. 7, for District No. 5.
T. C. Gray, No. 8, for District No. 6.
S. Clarke, No. 9, for District No. 7.
Also Sister A. Young, P.N.G., of Colfax Lodge No. 1,
for District No. 1, Degree of Rebekah Lodges.
The Grand Master also appointed W. McColl, P.G.M.,
No. 3, and W. H. Flewin, No. 1, Grand Instructors.
Bro. R. Mcintosh, P.G., No. 1, by permission of the
Grand Master, requested Bro. B. W. Shiles, P.G.M., No. 3,
and Bro. R. Scott, P.G., No. 6, to present the retiring Grand
Master in front of the Chair, when Bro. Davies, P.G.M., was 749
presented with a handsome Past Grand Master's Jewel, which
he acknowledged in suitable terms.
All brothers not qualified haviug retired the Grand
Lodge was closed in the Third Degree and reopened in the
Grand Lodge Degree.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That the appointments of the Grand Master be confirmed.
Moved, seconded and carried, That the thanks of this
Grand Lodge be given to the retiring officers for their
efficient services during the past year.
<_»J X V
The minutes of this day's session having been read, it
was on motion resolved, That the minutes as read be adopted.
It was moved, seconded and carried, That this Grand
Lodge do now adjourn sine die.
The Grand Lodge then adjourned.
FRED'S DAVEY,
Grand Secretary.
'*
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T
. 0. 0. m OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
AS   ADOPTED   FEBRUARY,   183Q.
ARTICLE I
Section 1.   -This Lodge shall  consist of at least seven
members, including one qualified to preside at its meetings
to be hailed and entitled -.Rebekah Degree Lodge,
O CD    '
No    of the  Independent Order of   Odd Fellows  of
British Columbia.    It cannot voluntarily surrender its charter
or   dissolve  so
object thereto.
long
as  seven  members   in
good  standing
ARTICLE II.
MEMBERSHIP.
Section 1. All persons who apply for membership in
this Lodge, must give satisfactory proof of, in the case of a
brother, good standing in a Subordinate Lodge, and in the
1     CD O O     '
case of a married lady, proof of her husband's good standing
in a subordinate Lodge, or present with their applications a
proper certificate in accordance with Section 1, Article III, of
this Constitution, and be proposed in the Rebekah Degree
Lodge nearest his or her residence, unless the Lodge grant
• . .. -i CD CD
permission for joining another Lodge ; provided, an applicant
may be admitted into any Rebekah Degree Lodge in the city
or village in which he or she resides. The name of any person
qualified as above offered for membership, with his or her age,
residence and occupation, with the name, number and location of the Subordinate Lodge to which the brother or the
husband, father, brother or son of the Sister belongs, or if the
husband or father be deceased, the Subordinate Lodge to (bo
which he did, at the time of his decease belong, must be proposed by a member in writing, signed by the applicant, with
the names of two persons as references attached, and entered
upon the record ; "provided, the application for membership of
an unmarried female, may be signed by the proper person,
(see Section 3, Article II) although not a member of this
Lodge. Such proposition shall be referred to a committee of
three members for investigation^ who shall report at the next
regular meeting (unless further time be granted), when the
candidate shall be balloted for with ball ballots, and if no
more than two black balls shall appear, the candidate shall be
declared elected; but if more than two black balls appear, the
candidate shall be deemed rejected, Should the candidate be
elected, he or she shall become a member on signing the Con-
stitution and paying the dues provided by the By-Laws.
Applicants for membership by deposit of card (such card having been issued by a regularly constituted Rebekah Degree
Lodge), may be admitted in the same manner as provided for
the admission of other members. Provided, that no certificate
from a Subordinate Lodge, for a Sister applying for membership by deposit of card, is necessary.
Sec. 2.    No reconsideration of an unfavorable ballot can
be had, unless all the brothers and sisters who may have cast
' t/
black balls against an applicant for membership voluntarily
make a motion for a reconsideration of the ballot; provided
such reconsideration be had within tour regular meeting
nights next succeeding such rejection; and in such case the
vote on the reconsideration shall be taken, by ball ballot, and
if all the balls cast be in favor of it, the reconsideration
shall be had; whereupon the application shall lie over until
the succeeding meeting, when another ballot shall be had with
ball ballots, and if the same be unanimously in  favor  of
if
the applicant, he or she shall thereby be elected; but if one
or more black balls appear in either ballot, the applicant shall
be rejected; and in no case shall a reconsideration be had,
except upon a voluntary motion of all those who cast blackballs ; and never more than one motion for a reconsideration
in the same case shall be allowed. A favorable balloting can
be reconsidered at any meeting prior to the admission of the
candidate, provided a majority of the members present agree
thereto.
Sec. 3. The unmarried daughters, legally adopted
daughters and step-daughters of Odd Fellows5 of the Third
Degree, who are above the age of eighteen years, are hereby to
6
made suitable candidates for admission into this Lodge, when
proposed by either parent or guardian, and the same rule shall
apply to the unmarried sisters, and half sisters of Odd Fellows
of the Third Degree, wljpn proposed by their brothers, and also
to the widowed mother of an Odd Fellow ofthe Third Degree,
when proposed by the son, or a member of this Lodge; also to
the unmarried, orphaned daughter of an Odd Fellow of the
Third Degree, when proposed by the Noble Grand of the
Subordinate   Lodge to which her father belonged, or by a
CD CD * «/
member of this Lodge, or if the said father was not of the
Third Degree, when proposed by the Noble Grand of the
Subordinate Lodge to which he belonged at the time of his
o o
death. Such proposition, when submitted, shall be acted upon
as provided in Section 1 of this article.
Sec. 4. Candidates rejected in this Lodge may renew
their application for membership therein at the expiration of
six months after such rejection.
ARTICLE III.
POWERS AND PRIVILEGES.
Section 1. Tnis Lodge shall possess the powers and
enjoy the privileges following :
Clause 1. To confer the Degree of Rebekah on such
Third Degree members, their wives, widowed mothers, unmarried daughters, step-daughters, legally adopted daughters,
sisters and half sisters, above the age of eighteen years, as
specified in Section 3 of *Article II, as present a certificate
from a subordinate Lodge certifying that he is a Third Degree
member m good standing, or in the case of the orphaned unmarried daughter of an Odd Fellow, that he was a member in
good standing at the time of his death ; also, to confer the said
Degree of Rebekah upon widows of Odd Fellows presenting
certificates from Lodges of which their husbands were Third
CD
Degree members at the time of their decease, or, if their said
husbands were not such Third Degree members, certifying
that they were members in good standing, and that it is the
«/ CD CD
desire of the Lodge that the Degree of Rebekah should be
conferred fipon said widows; provided, that a female to be
entitled to receive the Degree of Rebekah, must be a white
woman. Notice of the conferring of the Degree of Rebekah
m compliance with the said certificate, giving the date when
conferred, shall be forwarded to the Subordinate Lodge,
signed by the Noble Grand and Recording Secretary, with
the Seal of this Lodge attached. 757
Clause 2. To elect and appoint its own officers in the
manner prescribed by the By-Laws.
Clause 3.—To hold regular and special meetings as provided by the By-Laws.
Clause 4. To fix and establish dues, to be paid monthly,
quarterly, semi-annually, or annually, as the By-Laws may
provide; and to provide, by By-Laws, when those in arrears
for dues shall be suspended for non-payment thereof.
Clause 5. To pay and disburse from the funds of the
Lodge for the relief of the sick, the destitute or the distressed,
from time to time, as a majority of the members present- shall
by vote determine, or as shall be otherwise provided by the
By-Laws.
Clause 6. To establish such By-Laws and Rules of Order,
not inconsistent herewith, or with the rules, usages and gen-
eral regulations of the Order, as it may deem proper ; subject,
however, to the approval of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia.
Clause 7. To grant Withdrawal cards to members who
are clear of the books, according to law, by a majority vote,
by ballot, of the members present at a regular meeting. Members may apply in person, or by letter, for such cards. Should
the Lodge refuse to grant the card, the applicant, on tendering
a written resignation of membership, and paying all dues,
shall be entitled to receive from th6 Secretary a certificate,
under seal of the Lodge, to that effect, and such certificate
shall be sufficient evidence of good  standing at the time of
_ CD
such resignation. Visiting Cards may be granted upon application in open Lodge, or they may be issued by the Noble
Grand and Recording Secretary to members in good standing
upon application in writing, but in either case the dues of the
applicant must be paid up to the end of the time for which
the card is granted, which time shall not exceed one year from
the date of the card.
Clause 8. To try charges preferred against members for
the violation of the Constitution and By- Laws of the Lodge,
or the general rules, regulations  and usages of the Order, as
O 7 CD CD
provided in the following sections:
Sec. 2. Any member who shall violate any of the principles of the Order,  or  offend  against the Constitution, By- .758
Laws or Rules of Order of this Lodge, or the penal laws of
the land, shall be fined, reprimanded, suspended, or expelled,
as the By-Laws may direct, or the Lodge determine.
Sec. 3. All members shall be entitled to a fair trial for
any offence involving reprimand, suspension or expulsion.
Members shall not be put upon trial, unless charges duly specifying the offence, so as to fully apprise them of the nature
thereof, and to enable them to prepare for their defence, shall
be submitted to the Lodge, in writing, and signed by a mem-
O     ' CD7 CD «/
ber of the Rebekah Degree Lodge within this jurisdiction, and
CD CD *J '
a copy thereof, under seal of the Lodge, be served upon them.
Sec. 4. Such charges shall be referred to a committee
of five members, who shall, without unnecessary delay, sum^
mon the parties and try the case. They shall keep full
minutes of the evidence and of their proceedings, and report the
same to the Lodge, with their verdict.     A witness, if a mem-
CD '
ber of the Order, shall give evidence on the  honor of an Odd
' CD
Fellow; if not a member of the Order, then on oath or affirmation, and the proceedings must state that such obligation
or oath* was administered. No testimony shall be taken without notice, or opportunity for cross-examination by the oppose
ing party, Upon the report being made, notice thereof shall
forthwith be given by the Secretary, to the party against
whom the verdict is rendered, and he or she shall have two
weeks in which to file exceptions. If no exceptions are filed
within two weeks, the Lodge shall proceed to pronounce judgment upon the verdict and affix the penalty. An appeal from
the judgment of the Lo*dge may be taken at any time within
two weeks thereafter, to the Grand Lodge; and if no such appeal is taken, the judgment of the Lodge shall be final. When
a bill of exception to the report of the committee is filed, as
above provided, the Lodge may determine upon its merits,
and either sustain the report of the committee, or refer the
same back to the same or another committee, or grant a new
7 o
trial. If the Lodge deems the exceptions not well taken, it
shall proceed to pronounce its judgment and affix the penalty
Sec. 5. If the accused refuse or neglect to stand trial,
when du#y summoned, the committee shall report him or her
guilty of contempt of the Lodge which report shall be conclusive, and the punishment shall be expulsion.
Sec. 6. If a specific penalty for an offence be provided in
the Constitution or By-Laws, the Noble-Grand shall enforce
it.    If none be so provided, the  Lodge  shall decide by paper 759
ballot whether the penalty shall be expulsion, suspension ot
reprimand and fine. During the ballot, the accused shall
withdraw from the Lodge-room.     The ballot shall be first
CD
taken on expulsion, and if it shall appear that two-thirds of
the ballots are cast for expulsion, such shall be the penalty.
If two-thirds of the ballots are not cast for expulsion, then
the Lodge shall proceed to ballot for suspension, and if two-
thirds of the ballots are cast for suspension, suspension shall
be the penalty, and the Lodge shall proceed to fix the duration
of such suspension, which shall not exceed one year. If neither
expulsion nor suspension is determined as the penalty as above
provided, then the penalty shall be reprimand, tine, or both,
to be determined by a majority ballot; if fine is determined
upon, then the Lodge shall fix the amount, not exceeding ten
dollars; if reprimand is decided upon, then the accused shall
be reprimanded in open Lodge by the acting Noble Grand.
No ballot held under this section shall be reconsidered. All
fines imposed under this section shall be charged to the member's account, and considered, \ in determining his or her
standing in the Lodge, as dues; and when the fine thus
imposed, added to the dues, brings him or her under the
penalty provided in the By-Laws, he or she shall be notified,
and allowed the usual time to make payment. In all cases,
as above, if membership ceases, the member, prior to reinstatement, shall pay the whole amount of such fine and dues.
Sec. 7. When a member shall be subject to the penalty
of reprimand, he or she shall be summpned to attend at some
regular meeting, to be fixed by the Noble Grand, to be
reprimanded from the chair of the Noble Grand; and until he
or she so attend and be reprimanded, shall be suspended from
all benefits and privileges of membership.
Sec. 8. An expelled member can be reinstated only
after a proposition, reference, and election by ballot, as in the
case of a newly proposed member, permission having first
been obtained from the Grand Master. A member suspended
for any cause, may be reinstated on the removal of the cause
or the expiration of the term for which he or she ^vas suspended, without action of the Lodge, and the Noble Grand
shall declare in open Lodge his or her being reinstated.
Sec. 9. Any member intending to appeal from the action
of the Lodge, either on a decision of law, or where charges
O    ' I CD
have been preferred, shall file with the Secretary a notice of
appeal and the grounds thereof; upon which the  Secretary 760
shall forthwith send the notice or a true copy of the same,
together with a certified copy of all charges, reports, evidence,
and proceedings of the Lodge relating to the case to the
Grand Secretary, to be presented to the Committee on Appeals
of the Grand Lodge.
CD  -*jggf:
ARTICLE IV.
OFFICERS.
Section 1. The elective officers of this Lodge shall consist of a Noble Grand, Vice Grand, Secretary and Treasurer,
and if so provided in the By-Laws, a Financial Secretary and
three Trustees. Provided, that no member shall hold any two
of said offices at the same time.
Sec. 2. The appointed officers shall consist of a Warden,
Conductor, Outside Guardian, Inside Guardian, Right and Left
< * ' CD
Supporters of Noble Grand and Right and Lett Supporters of
Vice-Grand, who shall serve a regular term.
Sec. 3.    Any member of  the  Lodge  in  good  standing
J CD CD Cj
shall be eligible to any office in the Lodge provided that no
member shall be eligible to the office of Noble Grand unless
previous service is shown in the office of Vice-Grand in a
Rebekah Degree or Subordinate Lodge.
Sec. 4. All officers shall hold their offices for six months,
except the Financial Secretary, and Trustees, who shall hold
office as provided in the By-Laws.
Sec. 5. All officers shall be clear of all pecuniary charges
on the books at the time of installation.
Sec. 6. Nominations for elective officers shall be made
only on the two meetings immediately preceding that of the
t/ O v       L CD
regular election, except when the nominees for an office all
decline.
Sec. 7. Officers shall be elected at the first regular
meeting in June and December of each year, and be installed
at the first regular meeting in January and July of each year,
provided the installing officer be present; if absent, the Lodge
may, by vote, defer it until the next regular meeting, or call>l
a special meeting for the purpose, at the request of the District Deputy Grand Master.
Sec. 8. Any officer being absent from the Lodge for
three successive meetings, except in case of sickness, or any
officer for misconduct or neglect as such, may be removed by 61
a vote of two-thirds of the members voting at the next meet*
ing after a resolution therefor has been offered in the Lodge.
Sec. 9. Vacancies in any elective office may be filled by
the  Lodge by nomination and election at the next regular
CD %/ CD
meeting after nominating, and until so filled, the N. G. shall
appoint a member to the office pro tern.
Sec. 10. The duties of the various officers shall be as
laid down in the charges of office, and as specified by this
Constitution and the By-Laws of the Lodge.
Sec. 11.    The N. G.. or  member -acting as such, shall
CD 7
appoint the majority, and the V. G., or member acting as such,
the minority of all committees on candidates and charges.
ARTICLE V.
■ FUNDS AND PROPERTY.
Section 1. The funds and property of this Lodge shall
be held exclusively as a Trust Fund, to be devoted to no other
purpose than the charitable uses of the I. O. 0. F., and
expenditures legitimately made for Lodge purposes and the
advancement of the interests of the Lodge or the Order. The
funds may be invested from time to time as the Lodge shall
direct; but no part thereof, or of the Lodge property, or the
proceeds of any sales of such property, shall ever be divided
among the members, and in case of a surrender or forfeiture
of the Lodge Charter, all the funds and property of the Lodge
of whatsoever kind shall be immediately surrendered and-
delivered up to the Grand Lodge of this jurisdiction, or to its
officers or agents properly authorized to receive them.
ARTICLE VI.
TERMS.
Section 1. All terms shall commence on the first day
of January and July in each year, and end oi\ the day on
which the succeeding one commences.
ARTICLE VII.
RETURNS.
Section 1. The officers for the term about expiring
shall prepare for the Grand Lodge and deliver to the Installing
Officer the result ef the elections, and a regular report of the
work of the term, including the names of those admitted and 762
withdrawn, also, those suspended and expelled, and the cause
thereof; those reinstated and deceased; the names and numbers of those upon whom the Degree is conferred; the whole
number in membership; the amount of receipts, and the
amount of disbursements.
Sec. 2. In addition to the above, the officers of the term
expiring on the first meeting in January shall annually make
to the Grand Lodge a full return of the members of the
Lodge, and a statement of the number of brothers and sisters
relieved in the past year; the amount of benefits granted;
the number of widows relieved; the number of orphans relieved ; the number of members buried; the amount of money
applied to each of these purposes, designating the amount
paid for the education of orphans, the amount of money in
the treasury and the amount of investments.
ARTICLE VIII.
BY-LAWS.
Section L    This Lodge may make, alter or rescind such
CD «/
By-Laws, Rules and Resolutions, from time to time, as may
be deemed expedient; provided, that they do not in anywise
contravene this Constitution, or the Constitution, By-Laws, or
regulations of the Grand Lodge of the Province of British
Columbia, or of the Sovereign Grand Lodge.
Sec. 2.    The By-Laws of this Lodge shall be in force
" *^
from the time of their adoption, subject to the approval of
the Grand Lodge, and a manuscript copy of such By-Laws
shall before*being printed, be transmitted to the Grand
Secretary, to be submitted to the Committee on Laws of
Subordinates for their approval. INDEX.
PAGE.
Alternate Representatives 742, 744
Amendments Grand Lodge Constitution.728/729, 734, 736, 741, 742, 744
Anniversary of the Order 680
Appointments—District Deputy Grand Masters .678, 748
Committees 655, 658, 697, 730, 748
Subordinate Grand Lodge Officers 747
Auxiliary Endowment Benefit Association 703, 707, 729, 741
Benefits, payment of 660
Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5 674, 730, 738, 746
Bone, Thos. S., case of 663, 723
Book-keeping for Subordinate Lodges "683, 720
By-Laws, Subordinate Lodge 660
Committees—Correspondence 658
Credentials 655
Distribution 697
Judiciary 658, 696, 734, 736'
Legislation 678
Printing 746
Special 658, 730
Constitution—Grand Lodge 728, 729, 734, 735, 736, 741, 742, 744
Rebekah Degree Lodges 728, 754
Subordinate Lodges 743
Decisions—Grand Master 659
Grand Sire 683, 691, 711
Degrees—Grand Lodge 658, 698, 731, 737
Subordinate Lodge 659, 712
Dispensations 677
Dues 683, 743
Election Grand Lodge Officers 731
Endowment Rank 717
Entertainment Fund 695, 733, 737, 742
Excelsior Lodge, No. 7 679
Grand Lodge Officers, Election and Installation 731, 741, 747
Grand Lodge, Meeting of 733, 736, 741, 744
M "      Open, in Third Degree 741, 747
"      Representation to 677, 728, 736, 741, 742, 744
Gr$nd Master's Correspondence 684 11
Grand Master's Visits 672
Grand Secretary 675
History of Oddfellowship 683, 721
Installation of Grand Lodge Officers 741, 747
Manitoba Lodge, Winnipeg 7411
Memorial Day 681, 7201
Patriarchs Militant 721!
Per-Capita Tax 744
Petitions 741
Photographs 733
Presentation to J. Davies, P. G. M 748
Printing ^ fj. 705, 744, 7451
Proclamations 680, 681, 684
Qualifications for Membership 695
Rebekah Degree 681, 714, 716
Regalia. Grand Lodge 718
Reports—Committees, Appeals 723
Correspondence 7241
Credentials 655
Distribution 708, 7221
Finance 744
Judiciary 738, 738t1
Laws of Subordinates.724,725,726,727,730,733,742 |
Legislation 728, 734, 735 |
Special re Black Diamond Lodge 738
State of the Order 739, 740, 742
Reports—District Deputy Grand Master's 668
Grand Master 659
"      Officers :- \i 746
"      Representative 709 |
"      Secretary 698
"      Treasurer 706
u     Subordinate Lodges 750, 751, 752. 753
Thanks of Grand Lodge 747, 749
Trust Fund, child of late Bro. J. McN-'? 675, 705, 738
Vancouver Lodge, No. 8 737
Veteran Jewel 682, 720
Victoria Lodge, No. 1 675
Visiting Cards 683, 718 :F>^ST   GKR-A-CTID   I&ZEJfLSTIEJIRS
OF THE
Grand Lodge of British Columbia, 1.0.0.F.
*J. S. DRUMMOND 1874 Victoria Lodge,
JOHN WEILER 1875 Victoria Lodge,
tj. P. DAVIES 1876 Columbia Lodge,
R. ROBERTS 1877   Victoria Lodge,
JW. J. JEFFREE. 1878. Columbia Lodge,
CHARLES GOWEN   1879 Victoria Lodge,
J. WRIGLESWORTH    1880 Dominion Lodge,
B. W. SHILES i88i....New Westminster Lodge,
HENRY WALLER 1882 Columbia Lodge,
ALEXANDER PHILLIPS 1883 Victoria Lodge,
W. D. McKILLICAN 1884\     Dominion Lodge,
WM. McCOLL 1885 New Westminster Lodge,
FRED'K CARNE 1886 Victoria Lodge,
JOSHUA DAVIES 1887 Victoria Lodge,
JOSHUA DAVIES (re-elected) 1888 Victoria Lodge,
*Died 6th February, 1884. +Died 20th September, 1879.
JDied 18th March, 1885. ADDRESSES OF THE GRAND OFFICERS
—OF THE—
Grand Lodge of British Columbia, 1.0.0. F.
JOHN H. MELDRAM	
WALTER WALKER	
WILLIAM EDMUNDS	
FRED'K DAVEY	
J. E. PHILLIPS  	
WM. McCOLL, P. G. M	
J. E. PHILLIPS	
J. CROSSAN	
J. C. HENDERSON	
W. H. HUXTABLE	
W. E. HOLMES....	
W. H. FLEWIN f
Wm. McCOLL, P. G. M
1
Grand Master Victoria
Deputy Grand Master Victoria
Grand Warden  Kamloops
"     Secretary, P. O. Box 481, Victoria
"     Treasurer Victoria
* *     Representative... New Westminster
"     Marshal New Westminster
"  . Guardian Nanaimo
''     Conductor Chilliwhack
"     Herald Victoria
"     Chaplain Victoria
<c     T    .      .        1 Victoria
Instructors j       New Westminster
District
DISTRICT DEPUTY GRAND MASTERS.
o. 1 T. J. PARTRIDGE.... Victoria
o. 2 R. H. BAKE R New Westminster
o. 3 A. MCGREGOR Nanaimo
o. 4 B. SHEARING Wellington
o. 5   J. McCUTCHEON Chilliwhack
o. 6.    T.  C. G RAY Vancouver
o. 7  S. CLARKE Kamloops
£5TThe next Annual Session of the Grand Lodge will be held at Vancouver,
on Wednesday, the 12th day of February, 1890.
SUPPLIES.
The following rates will be charged for Supplies, all Orders for which must
be signed by the Secretary and bear the Seal of the Lodge :—
Subordinate Lodge Rituals $3 00
Ritual for Rebekah Degree Lodges only  3 00
Visiting and Withdrawal Cards and Dismissal Certificates  25
Visiting and Withdrawal Card* for Rebekah Degree Lodges  25
Books of Forms  1 25
Books of Odes, with Music    1 00
White's Digest  3 50
Additions to Digest 1882-1884, bound  75
Lodge Odes (Subordinate and Rebekah)    10
Anniversary Odes  10
Funeral Hymns with responses  10
Funeral Ceremony  30
Anniversary Ceremony  20
Burial Ceremony, Daughter of Rebekah    20
Certificates of Membership, on Plate paper  75
Rebekah Certificate, on Plate paper  30
Officers' Roll Book  1 00
Question Book •?  1 50
Order on Treasurer's Book, 250 orders  1  50
Initiation Petitions, form recommended by S. G. L (per 100) 1 50
Subordinate Lodge Degree Chart (each) 3 00
Bound Proceedings, Grand Lodge of B. C, 1874 to 1885  2 00

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