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Commissioner's report, Vancouver Island riots, 1913-14 Gregory, F. B. 1916

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Array COMMISSIONER'S REPORT, VANCOUVER ISLAND
RIOTS, 1913-14.
A'ictoria, B.C., December 21st, 1910.
To His Honour Frank Stillman Barnard,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—Pursuant to the terms of a Commission issued to me on the 3rd day of August, 1910,
under the provisions of the " Public Inquiries Act," whereby I was appointed " Sole Commissioner
to inquire into—
" All claims for compensation for injury, either to person or property, arising out of
and in the course of the riots or disorders which occurred during the coal-miners'
strike on A'ancouver Island in the years 1913 and 1914,"—
I have the honour to report as follows:—
Upon receipt of the Commission, I at once published the necessary notices in the Gazette
and newspapers circulating in the county in which the inquiry was to be held, took the oath
of office prescribed by section 0 of the " Inquiries Act," and entered upon the work of the inquiry.
Mr. Harry Langley was appointed Secretary and Stenographer, and Air. H. AV. Hercbnier,
counsel to represent the Government.
Claims to the number of 380 were filed with the Commission, the great majority of them
within the time originally fixed by the notice calling for the same, but some during the sittings,
as on the opening day of the hearing I announced that any claims filed before the sittings were
closed would be heard, provided there was no unnecessary delay or expense incurred.
No claimant was refused a hearing. Sessions were held at Nanaimo and Ladysmith. The
Commission was opened at the Court-house, Nanaimo, at 2.30 p.m. on the 10th day of August,
1910, when the letters patent addressed to me were read and the scope of the inquiry explained.
Hearings were held at Nanaimo and Ladysmith from August 16th to September 30th without
any unnecessary interruption. On the latter date I had to adjourn sine die in order to attend
to my judicial duties and was unable to resume the hearings until the 22nd day of November,
when a hearing was held at A'ictoria. On November 27th hearings were resumed at Nanaimo
and continued until December 1st, when after due notice the hearings at Nanaimo were closed.
Two additional hearings were held at A'ictoria on December 14th and 15th for the accommodation
of two large claimants who had been unable to fully present their cases at Nanaimo.
Hereto annexed are two Schedules, A and B, showing the amount of each claim presented,
the amount of damage assessed by me, who represented the claimants at the hearing, and any
special circumstances which it seemed advisable that 1 should bring to Your Honour's attention.
From the evidence adduced it is quite clear that between August 12th and 16th, 1913, there
was a general disturbance amounting to a riot among the coal-miners on A'ancouver Island, and
that serious damage was done by them at Extension, South Wellington, and Ladysmith to the
person and property of many people, and that had it not been for the aid of the militia, called in
at a late hour, much further damage would have been done.
I was not required by the terms of the Commission to inquire into the cause of the riots,
nor the efforts made by the authorities to prevent them; but incidentally some evidence was
given to show that there was a general feeling of uneasiness in the communities, and very
pronounced and justifiable fears that riots would take place, and that before any actual damage
was done these fears were communicated to the Provincial police and authorities, and protection
asked for.
I am directed by the letters patent to report, inter alia, "the opinions which you (I) may
have formed in relation to the matters aforesaid "—that being my inquiry into the claims for
compensation, etc. I do not understand that this requires me to express an opinion as to
the liability of the Government to make good the losses suffered by the claimants. Neither
Mr. Herchmer, representing the Government, nor counsel for the claimants addressed any
argument to me upon this point, although I asked them if they wished to do so.    I confined F 2 Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 11)11)
my attention to ascertaining and assessing the amount of damage done to person and property
arising out of and in the course of the riots or disorders, and unless and until I first found
that the damage done was caused by and in the course of such riots or disorders, I made no
attempt to assess them.
I cannot say that I am thoroughly satisfied with the result of my labours; and it is quite
possible that I have done tin injustice to some claimants; but I carefully and conscientiously
devoted myself to the task, and I feel sure that my findings in the vast majority of cases are
reasonable and just. I did not enforce the strict rules of evidence pertaining in the Courts,
but I required claimants to describe as well and as fully as possible the different articles they
claimed for, as that was the only way I had of forming any estimate of the correctness of the
value placed upon them. Many seemed to resent this, and thought it sufficient to say, for
example, one cooking-stove, value $00, and thought that that amount should be allowed thorn,
as it would cost that sum to buy a new one to replace the one lost; apparently feeling that that
was the measure of their damage, forgetting entirely that a new stove would have a larger life,
and that they could only be allowed for the value of the article as it existed lit the time of loss,
taking into account the make, the age, and the amount of use it had been put to.
It will bo easily understood that I was greatly handicapped by the fact that the inquiry
was not held until throe years after the damage was done.
In a number of cases claimants did not appear before the Commission to present their
claims; this was particularly the ease with the Chinese. The majority of those claims wore
prepared shortly after the disturbances and presented to the Government in anticipation of
some compensation being granted, and when the Commission sat many of them had disappeared.
By reference to Schedule A it will be seen that a largo number of Chinese claimants who
appeared were allowed nothing; and I think a short explanation with reference to these might
be made.
Some fifty-odd claims, Nos. 10S to 219, both inclusive, were presented by Air. Ross, barrister.
Nanaimo, who received his instructions from one AA'o Kee. After the examination of a number
of witnesses Air. Ross decided that he could not proceed with the claims and abandoned them;
and it appeared clear to me that while some of the claimants might have lost some things, the
claims as a whole were faked and thoroughly unreliable, and that in all probability AVo Kee had
made them all up since the Commission was issued. They had never been filed with the C.overn-
inent. I allowed nothing to any of these claimants, as it would be a hopeless task to attempt io
find the small amount of genuine loss from the tainted mass; and I think Air. Ross agreed
with me.
The same remarks apply generally to the thirty-three claims, numbered from ;>10 to 372,
both inclusive, presented by Messrs. AIcGill & Grant, barristers, of A'ancouver. These claims
had not been filed with the Government. Jang Tick Jon and Jang Dick were the prime movers
in the presentation of these claims, which were for the loss of a lumber camp, etc. They were
both called as witnesses; but after cross-examination I was unable to believe them, and so
stated. Air. Dockerill, of Messrs. AIcGill & Grant's office, then said it would be useless to proceed.
and he withdrew all the claims. A number of the claimants were then interrogated by the
Official Interpreter as to whether they desired to proceed, without Mr. llockerill's assistance,
hut they declined to do so; and it appeared to me that they felt greatly relieved in abandoning
their claims.
From inquiries made by me subsequently it appeared that the camp had not been destroyed,
and the teamster who carted the tents and provisions, etc., claimed for back to Nanaimo was
found.
The remainder of the Chinese claims other than those specially referred to in Schedule B
may bo divided into two classes—those purporting to be presented by the Chinese Benevolent
Society and those presented by the Chinese Consul at A'ancouver; both had been prepared and
presented to the Government shortly after the riots.
The Benevolent Society claims were represented when first called at the hearing by Mr. Eli
Harrison, barrister, of A'ictoria. Nineteen of these claims were considered. There was so much
irregularity in their preparation and so many unbelievable statements made that it seemed as
if I would have to refuse to consider them, although it was evident that some had suffered
genuine loss. I therefore adjourned the further hearing of these cases and caused private
inquiries to be made with a view to ascertaining, if possible, how many of them had actually 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.
F 3
suffered loss. After receiving a report these cases were taken up again, and were represented
by Air. A'ictor Harrison, barrister, of Nanaimo. Schedule A shows how each of them was
disposed of.
From the evidence given before me it appeared quite clear that a deliberate attempt had
been made by one Lore Gune to impose upon the Government. Every claim was grossly and
fraudulently exaggerated, and in the majority of cases the witnesses had evidently been schooled
and carefully instructed as to what they were to say. I found a number of cases of personation
—cases where claimants claimed to have written with their own hand a list in Chinese of the
articles they had lost, and when put to the test were unable to write at all. One who claimed
never to have had such a list, on being asked what papers he had in his pocket, produced a list
containing the items claimed for. Others who claimed that no list of their missing goods had
been made were able to remember all the articles mentioned in their claim, reciting them in their
exact order, and giving the amounts set out with remarkable accuracy. I finally arrived at the
conclusion that the whole plan had been originated by Lore Gune, and that he was mainly
responsible for the fraud. I consequently allowed nothing to those claimants who appeared
to have been willing to assist his fraud, even though they might have suffered some loss. There
were other cases where the claimants were ignorant and appeared to have been deceived themselves; to them I made an allowance generally of $25, feeling sure that that was probably the
extent of their loss. 1 may add that Lore Gune did not appear when the cases were called the
second time; and, of course, I acquit Mr. Eli Harrison of any part in the attempted fraud.
Since the inquiry closed I have been informed that while Lore Gune was an officer in the Chinese
Benevolent Society, and purported to represent it, he had no authority to do so, and in reality
only represented himself.
From these Chinese claims it is a relief to turn to those presented by the Chinese Consul at
A'ancouver. These claims were carefully and honestly prepared, and with few exceptions were
allowed in full, with a deduction for wear and tear, as the values placed upon the articles were
the prices when new, and the great majority of them had, of course, been used.
The Chinese Consul was represented during the inquiry by Air. A'ictor B. Harrison, assisted
by Air. David Lew, Assistant Consul. Immediately after the riots the Consul visited Nanaimo,
Extension, South Wellington, and Ladysmith, and by notice invited all Chinese who had suffered
damage to submit claims to him for presentation to the proper authorities; and had all the
Chinese availed themselves of this offer in their behalf, no doubt they would have profited by
it, instead of suffering through association with dishonest speculators. I can call them nothing
else; for, so far as I could ascertain, they were to receive a percentage of the amount to be
allowed as remuneration for their services.
Among the claims of the miners were a number claiming for loss of time. This was
particularly the case with the Ladysmith claimants, all of whom, I think, so claimed; but
I allowed nothing on that account, feeling that such losses did not arise out of the riots or
disturbances, but solely because of the strike, and is an incident of every strike. The only case
in which I made any allowance for loss of time, and they were very few; at present I can only
recall two—AIcKinnon (No. 126) and Rennie (No. 31)—and these were cases where tbe claimant
had suffered personal injury and had to go to the hospital; and in their cases I allowed for the
time they were unable to work.
A number of claims were presented, including one of Thomas W. Gray (No. 40), for $31,000
for loss caused by fire at South AVelliugton in August, 1914.
It appears there was quite a large fire at South Wellington at that time in which Mr. Gray's
mill and a number of dwellings were destroyed. Before inquiring into the amount of the losses
I called for general evidence showing that the fire came within the terms of my Commission, as
the actual riots and disturbances had taken place long before this, although the strike was still
on. From the evidence adduced it appeared that the fire started in the neighbouring woods or
bushes, and was carried by the wind to the buildings in question. The only evidence to suggest
that it had been set by the strikers was the fact that after the fire had been in progress in the
village for some time, quite a large number of strikers had gathered and they rendered no
assistance in endeavouring to extinguish the fire and save the property endangered; but this
I considered, unfortunately, the usual attitude of strikers, who would render no assistance to
preserve the property of non-strikers, no matter how the fire originated. I asked for negative
evidence to exclude the possibility of the fire in the woods having been started in any other way F i Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 1919
than by the strikers, but none was produced. At that season of the year, when everything is
so dry, and many people possibly passing through the bush, it seemed to me not at all unlikely
that the fire might have been caused inadvertently by any careless smoker having dropped a
burning match. In these circumstances I declined to inquire into the value of the damage done,
feeling that to do so would be a waste of public money and raise false hopes of remuneration.
It is needless to say that the claimants were greatly disappointed.
The only claims for damage done in 1!)14 were those of James Ronnie (No. 31), who was
actually attacked and shot by strikers, and that of Elizabeth Berry (No. 32), who was allowed
$5S.75 for the destruction by fire on April 5th. 1!)14. of a tent, etc. Personally I made no inquiry
into the cause of the fire, because Air. Herchmer, representing the Government, stated that he
had made inquiries and was satisfied on that score; so it being a small claim and an isolated
case. I only inquired into the amount of damage done.
There are two other claims which require special mention—viz., the Canadian Collieries
(No. 3N) and the Western Fuel Company (No. 123). The former had a genuine claim for damage
by fire on August 13th at the time of the actual riots (as to which, see Schedule A), and in
addition a claim for some $300,000-odd consequential damages for injury to the underground
workings consequent upon the inability to secure miners to keep the mine working.
The AVestern Fuel Company's claim was $72,250.19, being the cost of flooding and pumping
out what is known as the South Side Aline on account of a fire which was discovered in the mine
on August 10th and 11th, 1913. There is no suggestion that tbe fire was caused by the rioters
or strikers, but it is claimed that on account of the riots they were unable to obtain men to fight
it; and so after consultation with the officials of the mine and Mr. Thomas Graham, Provincial
Inspector of Alines, it was decided to flood it, and on the 23rd the work of pumping sea-water
into the mine was actually begun. It did not appear to me that every effort to obtain men was
exhausted before this step was taken; but there can be no doubt that Air. Stockett, the general
manager, after the consultation already referred to, believed it was the only course to pursue to
save the mine. It is clear that before the necessity for flooding the mine arose the actual riots
were under the control of the militia authorities, and also that Air. Stockett had been informed
by the strikers that he could get all the men he wanted if he would recognize the United Aline
Workers of America. It is equally clear, I think, speaking generally, that the great majority of
non-striking miners were afraid to go to work lor fear of injury to themselves or their families,
notwithstanding the presence of the militia, as the strikers might find a way secretly of causing
the injury.
From the evidence adduced it appeared to me that the inability to get men to work the mine
or fight the fire was an incident only of the strike, and did not in any true sense " arise out of
and in the course of the riots or disturbances." I therefore declined to inquire into the amount
of injury suffered.
AVlien the Canadian Collieries claim for consequential damage was called, Mr. II. B. Robertson, barrister, of Victoria, who represented that company and who knew of my decision in the
AVestern Fuel Company's case, made the following statement:—
" The Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, in presenting these claims for consideration
by the Government, desires to state that it regards its claims for damages to its property caused
by actual violence as a valid and proper one for which it is entitled to compensation. But that,
as to the second claim, it was not the intention of the company to make any claim for damages
caused through the idleness of the mines until the company learned that the Western Fuel
Company, an American corporation, had made a claim for damages caused through idleness;
whereupon this company, a Dominion corporation representing British capital, feels that if the
claim of the Western Fuel Company is to be considered, then the British-Canadian bondholders
of the Canadain Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, are equally entitled to consideration. But if
the Government should decline to consider the claim presented by tbe AVestern Fuel Company
for underground or other damages caused by idleness, then the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir),
Limited, will beg the permission of the Government to withdraw its second claim which is based
upon these same grounds."
I agreed with Air. Robertson that in the circumstances it was unnecessary to offer any
evidence; and I recommend that, in case the Government decides to consider the AVestern Fuel
Company's claim, his claim should also be considered and an opportunity given of presenting
proof. 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.
F
Should the Government eventually decide to consider either of these cases. I respectfully
suggest that tbe extent of the damage done could be much more expeditiously and cheaply ascertained by entrusting the inquiry to a practical mine manager and accountant than to this
Commission, as it lacks the technical knowledge which would be required and could only be
supplied by a large amount of expert advice.
Accompanying this report I am forwarding to Vour Honour my notes taken down during
the inquiry; also all claims presented, whether proved or not. My notes are very brief, and
are contained partly on separate sheets of paper and partly in marginal notes on the particulars
of claims filed. All the notes are numbered and arranged in numerical order for convenience
of reference;   the numbers also correspond to the numbers given to the claims in Schedule A.
I am also forwarding the stenographer's shorthand notes of the full evidence taken, together
with such portions as he has transcribed for my reference and convenience.
As I followed the plan of taking the evidence during the day of as many claims as possible
and working during the evenings settling the amounts to be allowed thereon whilst the evidence
and the impression "made on me by the witness was still fresh, I have found it unnecessary to
have the full notes transcribed.    This can, however, be done if desired.
Accompanying this report is a memo, of the time occupied by the inquiry and the expenses
incurred, all of which is respectfully submitted.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. B. GREGORY.
SCHEDULE A.
In this Schedule the names of the persons through whom the claims were filed are indicated
by initials, and are as follows:—
" E. AI. S."—Elliot, Maclean & Shandley. Barristers, Victoria, B.C.
"Hodgson"—J. Hodgson, Estate Agent, Nanaimo, B.C.
" Self "—Presented by claimant personally.
"A'. II."—A'ictor B. Harrison, Barrister, Nanaimo, B.C.
" H. B. R."—II. B. Robertson (Barnard, Robertson, Heisterman & Tait), A'ictoria.
" E. AI. Y."—E. AI. A'arwood, Barrister, A'ancouver.
" C. C—Chinese Consulate, A'ancouver, B.C.
"AValkem"—AA'.' AV. Walkem, Real Estate Agent, Ladysmith.
" Cunliffe "—C. F. Cunliffe, Barrister, Nanaimo.
"II. E. P."—IT. E. Ponsford, Notary Public, Qualicnm Beach.
" Lowe "•—I. E. Lowe, Estate Agent, Ladysmith.
" Potts "—Reevor-Potts, Barrister, Nanaimo.
" J. Ross "—Barrister, Nanaimo.
" C. B. S."—Chinese Benevolent Society, A'ictoria, B.C.
" McG. & G."—AIcGill & Grant, Barristers, A'ancouver.
" S. AA'."—Means South AVellington.
" "—The dash, where it occurs in "Amount allowed" column, means that the
claim was heard and no allowance made. F G
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed.
i
8
<)
10
11
12
13
14
15
10
17
IS
10
20
21
o*>
23
24
25
26
27
2.8
2!)
30
31
;J2
33
34
35
30
37
3.X
3!)
40
41
42
43
44
45
40
47
4S
4!)
50
51
50
57
5.S
5!)
60
01
62
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Wm. Aloore	
Ezra Bramley	
AVm. Burt	
Jos. Shires	
L. Lumbard  	
AA'. Bradley	
John Campbell	
AVm. Simpson	
Evan John  	
F. Beban	
James AVhite  	
Joseph Fontaiia	
O. Schivardi	
John Giaconia 	
F. Passerini   	
Samuel Thompson
John Aliohie	
Charles Maclean   	
Arthur P. Glenn  	
James Dick	
Wilson  Goodwin   	
R.  A'alentine   	
I). Lambert	
\A'm. Cosier	
John AleLeod 	
Percy John'	
J. II. Cunningham
John De Rose	
Joseph Cuffolo   	
George Taylor   	
James Rennie	
Elizabeth Berry	
P. Hilley   	
James Sraythe  	
S. AIcKeowxi	
Thomas Smith	
Alexander McCrory   . .
Canadian Collieries .. .
J. A. Baxter	
T. A.  Gray   	
Daniel Bow	
Wm. AI. Brown .
James Kronk .. .
I). I.. Williams . .
C. Hard	
L. & W. AVright
R.  Romeo  	
V. Blito	
F. Polito  	
D. Knppnrisria   .
G. Gelonese	
A. Voriiculli   . • . .
T. Gelonese	
J. Nieifuto  	
J. Domineck . .. .
R. Polifrom ....
N. Souverini ... .
R. I'isto	
A. Brindisi  	
Nick Frento
Rappili Arcuri  . .
R. Giardini	
96 75
1.964 50
102 25
594 50
198 20
1,071 00
3.S21 20
4S0 10
477 40
1,149 90
449 00
1,872 30
1.610 35
822 20
5.31S 15
«64 40
3.000 05
2.279 40
9S8 45
519 75
579 00
1.054 00
3S0 00
934 25
595 00
185 75
5.258 25
152 25
7,500 00
6.102 30
2.055 00
75 75
67 10
142 00
81 50
31S 50
210 50
10.703 37
1.600 00
31.830 20
2S0 50
700 00
2.151 50
206 00
157 00
1,000 00
13!) 00
335
2.420
434
04!)
315
305 50
320 00
225 25
196 50
240 00
1.S55 65
358 10
258 50
427 00
252 00
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
E.JI.S.
Hodgson
Self
Self
V. H. .
H. B. R.
V. II.
E.AI.Y.
Self
E. M. S.
50 00
1,073 00
81 SO
340 75
140 70
920 35
2,152 20
275 00
314 75
922 00
400 00
958 45
SOS 15
482 00
2,S0S 30
347 50
2.412 15
1.315 50
7S2 75
403 25
538 50
007 00
263 05
679 10
502 00
130 60
2,79S 95
50 00
1,200 00
58 75
51 00
136 50
65 50
2S3 00
182 50
12.390 25
265 05
1,422 43
Hemarks.
For self and family.
For self and family.
$800 insurn nee collected.
S. AV., 1914.
S. AV., 1914.
Sec Schedule B.
Sec Schedule B.
Sec Report.
Sec Schedule B.
Sec    Schedule    B
Report.
S. AV., 1914.
and
No proof offered. The
great majority of
these men are Italians, believed to be
serving in the war. 9 Geo. 5
COMMISSIONER'S   REPORT.
F 7
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
63
64
05
06.,
07
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
7S
79
80
SI
82
.83
.84
85
.SO
87
SS
89
HO
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
10S
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
no
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
120
A. Rossi   	
A. II. Nieullo	
Ben A'alenti  	
F. Sinatto	
F. Salvati	
F. Smatto et ul. . ..
A. Ceuerilo et ul. . . .
AVing AVah Chong Co.
Sing Chong & Co. . .
Kwong Lee & Co.  . .
Hon Lang	
Chow Yick Tung .. .
Fung Chong Jlon . . .
Soo Dung Choy ....
Chow Ging Fook . . .
Chow Shee Sun  ....
Chow Nee Sun	
Chow Kum Jam
Chow AVey Hou ....
Ju Ying Dong	
.Tu Yen Kay	
bum Tan 	
Chan  Kum   	
Cliani Yick Chen  ....
Yip Sta Fun	
Chow Shee Shing . ..
Chow AA'at Yung . . .
Chow Lin Yick  	
Chow Fey  	
Chow Yow Ying  .. .
Yip Bing Sun	
Chow Fook Yung . ..
Chow Alow Fun ....
Chow AA'oy Ying . ..
Chow AVing Sun
.Tee Gum  	
Jang Ivie Dong  ....
Jung Kay   	
Jong Jam  	
Jang Hong	
Jang Ling	
Jang JIah, Quong .. .
Jan Yock	
Jan Kwan	
Hon Yim	
Yang Norn	
Jang Yip's Camp . ..
Joe Chum Chew
Jang Yen   	
Ng. Ting Ten	
Jung Yip	
Jang Hou Tai	
AA'ong .Tee Yar	
Yang Hing Young . .
Jang Hou Suen
Jang Pang Chi	
Jan Lum & Co.
Jang Lun  	
Ho Yue On	
Jang Jow Chow
Western Fuel Co. .. .
I).  Sabiston   	
A. I'reni	
A. N. AIcKinnon  . . .
271 00
280 00
193 00
314 00
157 75
161 40
90 05
0.174 00
2,177 05
3,404 72
'59 00
12S 50
150 10
43 45
47 95
71 00
67 50
SI 90
55 00
20 90
50 00
50 50
S7 75
42 25
56 30
31 25
49 10
37 45
44 50
40 50
31 00
33 00
59 75
46 00
03 75
60 25
337 05
50 15
55 15
71 SO
77
167
S9
46
S4
120
S4 90
93 20
51 45
71 60
74 65
75 00
40 SO
S3 55
64 90
75 45
83 75
00 10
110 65
1.09 40
72.250 19
238 54
48 S5
40.044 45
E. AI. S.
77 So
70
85
V. H.
c. c.
74 56
4,040 00
1.470 00
2,442 46
50 20
104 00
112 60
No
proof offered
3S 36
43 25
No
proof offered
61 50
No
proof offered
No
proof offered
No
proof offered
No
proof offered
65 65
No
proof offered
41 95
No
proof offered
39 30
2S SO
35 00
32 40
No
proof offered
No
proof offered
4S 00
No
proof offered
51 00
No
proof offered
235 75
No
proof offered
49 65
61 05
No
proof offered
No
proof offered
75 80
41 45
72 00
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
E. M. Y.
AValkem
AValkem
Cunliffe
57 30
63 45
63 75
No proof offered
No proof offered
55 15
64 15,
No proof offered
No proof offered
94 65
95 25
Sec Report.
190 S4
39 85
7.913 75
Sec Schedule B. F 8
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
127
128
12!)
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
150
157
158
159
100
Nil
162
MS
Nil
165
106
167
168
109
170
171
172
173
174
175
170
177
178
179
180
181
182
1X3
184
185
180
187
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
John Barclay \   $       152 22
Robt. Bickerton  138 25
Robt. Bonner  115 15
Est. of R. Collister  94 70
Dan. Campbell  132 87
John Davidson  159 12
John Foster    101 SD
J. P. Frauland  35 25
AVm.  Gilchrist    10S 32
James Glenn  223 42
David Gourlay    220 00
William Kerr  23 45
Patrick Aliibme    193 65
Priscilla Alarsden     30 00
Henry Mitchell     297 40
James P. Ninemo  226 67
Benj.  Rozzano  128 25
A. & J. Richards  25 50
George Smith  174 92
John McLennan    392 So
Constant Muyleast  ....      •        508 50
A. Parker    445 00
Chus. Rice    392 65
Airs. Alary Harker  219 15
Airs. ('has. Nurd  147 00
Hillis Coulter    059 25
Alexander Wright  37 15
Alary Dixon     150 00
William Ross  34 00
James B. Weir    148 95
Joseph AA'atson    149 70
Alexander McLaughlin .. 150 75
Robert Houston  76 15
Christina Houston  27 50
John Houston  79 20
J. Baxter  3S 70
James Strang . .. .'  30 SO
John Ross  S7 12
Smithson Bros  17 55
Robert Gordon  234 90
Alary Cameron  1.220 00
Wong Leu    00 75
Wong AA'ing  104 00
Kong Sing Lung    155 75
Jan AVing  142 50
bum Doi  139 65
Fong Kum   131 .SO
Wong Ho     70 35
Wong Lin  60 50
Wong Top  84 15
Wong Top Cam  140 00
Wong On     97 70
AVong Hong    106 40
Wong Chong  70 75
Wong Yok   00 75
Wong Shen  61 65
Wong Let  57 50
Fong Sing  148 10
Hou Look    142 10
Fong Lee  146 75
Chum Lui Say  67 75
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
Walkem
Hodgson
h. e. r.
Lowe
Walkem
Lowe
AA'alkem
B. Potts
J. Ross
44 00
49 35
56 90
77 20
24 30
31 25
30 00
21 40
73 15
81 00
21 45
55 75
30 00
44 90
100 00
15 00
45 45
34 35
356 75
31 05
32 00
04 25
14 35
15 45
25 00
3S 70
17 55
SO 50
Loss of time only.
Sec Schedule B.
S. AA'., 1914.
S. AA'.. 1914.
S. AV., 1914.
S. AA'., 1914.
S. AV.. 1914.
Sec Schedule B.
Loss of time onlv.
Loss of time only.
Loss of time only.
No proof offered.
Loss of time only.
S. AV., 1914. 9 Geo. 5
Comjiissioner's Report.
F 9
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
18S
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
190
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
200
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
210
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
220
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
230
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
Name of Claimant.
Chong Yee 	
Mar Along Pon	
Alar Gee	
Fui Kin 	
Alar Quick Kwong . ..
AVong Shang 	
Alah Been Shen	
Alar Yock Shen	
Chi Hing Chong	
Wong  Quong   	
Wong Don	
Wong Sen	
AA'ong Fo  	
AVong Jung 	
AA'ong So	
AA'ong Po	
AA'ong Fan  	
Wong Fan 	
Wong Linn  	
Wong Tan	
Ala Sam Sing	
Kun Chin Get	
Alar Kee	
Alah  Chum   . . . :	
Wong Kum	
Dom Chum Hi	
Alah Shew Shun   	
Cheong Poy Kee	
Quong Shew Long .. ..
Ng Chen Get	
Wong Shown. Alan
Dong Cheong Lung . ..
Chung AA'ing You   .. ..
Ng Doy June	
Alah Chong	
Low Kong Yuen  	
Ng Pack  	
Wong Lee Goom Chung.
Shin Leon	
Alah Chu Quon  	
Yee Yuk Sun	
Pong Yock Yin   	
Wong Sick Hong	
Ho Dun AA'ing	
Fong Duck Kee	
Pong AA'ing Kee	
Dong Shong  	
Fong Alow	
Ho Chow	
Mali Alin Hang	
Alah But Chong	
Chuie Lee Sing  ...:..
Chuie Lim Sam	
Chuie Yee Kay  	
Chuie AA'ong Hang
Lee AA'ah	
Tso Yun Hing	
Gee Kwong Toi	
Ng Sin Lim  	
Ng Hing Bord	
Ng Ah Tai  	
Amount
claimed.
00
37
S3
05
40
69
54
70
70
46
67
SO
55
90
ss
74
00
206
118
208
5,074
.84
G2
77
50
40
61
53
41
S4
41
S7
7S
7S
224
117
94
300
SS
2o
00
25
25
75
00
75
50
25
50
25
50
75
75
20
50
75
10
15
SO
65
25
50
25
00
00
75
00
50
25
50
30
75
So
60
30
10
45
35
101 00
124 00
138 20
182 40
115 20
104 00
110 SO
75 75
133 SO
95 00
71 00
82 50
106 00
150 90
152 90
111 25
SO S5
S5 00
117 95
91 55
139 50
1S4 55
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
J. Ross
C.B.S.
$      25 00
25 00
25 00
25 00
Abandoned by Air. Ross
after examination of
Nos. 170, 171, 173,
184, 185, 1S6, 192,
193, 208, and 215.
These claims were
presented to Air. Ross
by one AA'o Kee,
and proved to be
thoroughly unreliable.
No proof offered.
No proof offered. :
No proof offered (died
in April before the
riots).
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
25 00
15 00
No' proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered. F 10
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
249
250
251
252
25,'!
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
20.X
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
270
277
278
279
2,80
2.X1
282
28':
284
2,85
2,86
287
288
289
290
291
292
LMX'i
294
295
296
297
29X
299
300
301
302
.'SO.'!
301
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
Name of Claimant.
Chew You Kin . . .
Ny Doy Yin 	
Chew Dong Sing .
Chew Quoek Que .
Chew Bing Tew . .
Jung Kang	
Chue Jung Wing .
Ho Chat  	
Ho Yin Sam	
Chew Quon Ying .
Fong Yip Quong .
Sam You  	
Alok Yet  	
Ho AA'ah  	
Ho Choy  	
Fong Chin Kee . . .
I.ai Dong Chong . .
Alah Yuen Sun . ..
Pack Lit	
Chang Ah  Chun   .
Wong Chow   	
NA'ong AA'ing  	
Low Sung 	
Chow Yee War ...
Alah Jung Chong .
Hong Kew	
.Ting Ding	
Dong Chee  	
Lowey Gan Teoi .
Ng Ying Tip^	
Fonk Duck Kee . .
Ho Ming A'ock ...
Ho Fook Hong ..
Fong Fung Hall ..
Fong Yip Won . ..
Pong Lap Yen . ..
Fong AVing Fee . .
Fong Hack Sing ..
Fong Son AVah   ..
Ong Joy Jee	
Sam Tin  Sing  .. .
Shim  Shong   	
Ho Fook Chong . .
Liu  AA'ong   	
Foils?  Dat  Sam
Fong Yip Sing .. .
Chan Chun Tong .
Chin Sang	
Fong Chong Yong
Fong Dun Gee ...
Ho   Chung   	
Wong Gar   	
Jung Fook   	
Quoek Quon Sing
Alah Poy Jing  . . .
Alar Yuet  	
Ng Doi Sue	
Hooey Toi   	
Ng Doi Dai   	
Cheey Sai Fat . . .
Chuie Him Sing .
Chuey Lin Ping .
Tso Quon   	
Amount
claimed.
176
94
95
194
199
92
194
113
149
99
112
156
135
161
12S
146
142
85
150
73
SO
139
119
64
119
1S6
144
1,087
58
122
102
152
15S
103
92
117
91
104
.83
130
158
210
191
122
113
SI
130
109
423
95
.87
95
134
90
00
327
S7
1,030
40
ss
117
77
10
50
55
00
90
20
30
50
OS
70
55
10
40
35
33
55
78
70
95
35
70
30
80
20
70
SO-
SO
65
05
15
25
85
96
75
10
15
50
30
70
SO
20
25
OS
85
SO
31
35
20
85
75
95
50
SO
20
25
50
75
50
15
00
30
30
00
Filed by.
C. B. S.
Amount
allowed.
25
00
50 00
50 00
25
00
25
00
25
00
35
00
35
00
25
00
35
00
25
00
250 00
00
25 00
20 00
50 00
15 00
Remarks.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
Laundryman ;  for self.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
No proof offered. '9 Geo. 5
Cojiaiissioner's Report.
F 11
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Continued.
No.
Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by.
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
3.12'
$        95 50
240 25
C. B. S.
No proof offered.
No proof offered.
313
Ma Sing  	
314
Wong Chung Keet  ....
247 45
,,
$       75 00
315
10,S45 00
150 00
See Schedule B.
316
Ng Ying Ho	
98 75
,,
317
2.220 00
Sec Schedule B.
31S
5S 75
240 25
"
15 00
319
No proof offered.
320
121 70
No proof offered1.
321
Jane McMillan   	
20 00
Walkem
14 70
322
0 75
;)
6 75
323.
2.1S9 50
J. Ross
%
324
James Rutherford	
1.167 50
,,
:«5
267 50
326
257 00
M
327
Airs. Percy Turner  ....
156 35
f,
328
Airs. R. C. MacKay  . ..
240 50
Jf
329
400 00
,,
330
Airs. H. Ruckledge ....
435 00
„
S. AY. 1914.   (For South
331
44S 90
„
y     Wellington fire, 1914,
332
Airs. Elizabeth Alice  . .
985 00
„
See Report.)
333
725 00
,,
334
Robt. Jas. Arbuthnot  ..
900 00
,,
335
Thos.   Eaithwaite   	
555 00
„
336
George Richardson  ....
1,000 00
j>
337
695 00
.,,
338
I.   S.  McAIurray  	
716 50
339
Leonard Richardson  . . .
754 00
340
59 85
JIcG. & G.
^
341
75 60
,,
342
00 00
73 S5
343
344
77 10
345
56 35
,,
340
96 05
M. & G.
347
09 10
34S
07 60
,,
349
S3 35
j j
350
72 00
,,
351
GS 10
,,
352
75 35
,,
353
5.8 35
,,
354
09 00
Withdrawn   by   Mr.
355
75 10
).
Dockerell for AIcGill
356
Jang Duck AA'ah	
7S 60
,,
r    &    Grant.     (See
357
03 85
Schedule B and Re
35S
Jang AVah Goon   	
54 S5
,,
port. )
359
02 10
,,
360
62 S5
361
56 S5
302
52 60
,,
303
77 60
304
5S 60
,,
305
69 35
,,
300
67 15
„
367
07 60
?»
30S
6S 60
,,
369
71 00
j.
370
75 50
,,
371
70 35
,,
372
77 60
373
Carpenter, A. C	
Hodgson
Taken   away   and   not
filed. F li
Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-11.
1919
Statement showing Name of Claimant, Amount claimed, and Amount allowed—Concluded.
No.            Name of Claimant.
Amount
claimed.
Filed by
Amount
allowed.
Remarks.
374       Fong Chun Alun  	
$       154 25
SI 95
192 25
2S2 00
345 00
73 25
110 30
C.B. S.
A'. H.
,,
„
J)
No proof offered.
$      9G 15
100 00
377   1   Ho Qui  	
50 00
379   1   Alah Bong	
48 85
380   !   Chow Chee
Totals  	
$323,9S5 12
$56,S7S 60
SCHEDULE B.
No. 31. James Renney.
This man was not injured hy rioter* hut by strikers, in April, 1914. He was attacked and
■was shot with buckshot, necessitating an operation and three weeks in the hospital. From the
effects of his wounds he has developed varicose veins, and will have to undergo another operation.
I have allowed him for clothing destroyed, operation, and hospital charges, also for time lost
while in hospital; and similar allowances for the second operation, which is necessary to restore
his full working power.
I have made no allowance for pain and suffering, as that does not seem to come within the
scope of this Commission; but if that were allowed, I would think his claim of $2,055 most
reasonable.
No. 32. Elizabeth "Berry.
This claim was for the loss of a tent. etc.. on April 5th. 1914. I'pon my proceeding first to
inquire if the damage had been caused by rioters or strikers. Air. ITerehmer. representing the
Government, stated that the Government would admit the damage was so caused, as he had made
inquiries and had satisfied himself on that point. I therefore proceeded to assess the damages
sustained.
No. 39. James Baxter.
This man is a contractor at Nanaimo, and suffered from a gunshot wound which conlined
him to the hospital for ten days.    His claim is for:—
Medical and hospital expenses    $   100 0.0
Loss of time and suffering      1.500 00
Total       $1,000 00
The only evidence given as to expenses incurred was, hospital expenses about $30. His
evidence of damage through loss of time was most unsatisfactory, and his business was carried
on just the same. Claimant says he suffered agony, but I do not consider that compensation
fifr bodily pain comes within the scope of this Commission.
In any case, I cannot recommend, the payment of any sum to this claimant. There is
evidence that he sympathized with the.strikers, if he did not actually take part in their doings.
He mixed freely with them, and one of them had suggested to him that he take a gun. He had
no business at the time being irithin four miles of the distnrlnincc. He had heard that there
was shooting going on, and had actually been warned twice not to proceed. His wound was. I
believe, an accident which never would have happened had he not been guilty at least of idle
and foolhardy curiosity. But my opinion is that he went to the scene of the trouble and mixed
with the strikers and rioters with a view of at least leading them to believe that he was- in
sympathy with them and their doings.
No. 40. Thomas B. Gray.
This very large claim was for the loss of a sawmill at South AA'ellington, burned on August
11th, 1914.    The mill had not been running for some months previously. 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.
F 13
Before going into the details of the loss, I stated to Air. Yarwood, who represented the
claimant, that I would first require evidence that the fire was caused by strikers (the riots
had been over for a year). Air. Yarwood replied that he was unable to offer any other evidence
than that already heard with reference to the 1914 fire at South AVellington. On my stating
that that evidence had not satisfied me that the fire was caused by strikers, Air. Gray gave some
formal evidence, and the claim was not further proceeded with.
No. 126. Alexander Neil JIcKinnon.
This man has been terribly abused.    lie and his family were actually blown up by a bomb.
Fortunately his family escaped personal injury.    But he is permanently injured, as follows:—
(1.)  Right arm amputated at the elbow:
(2.)  Right eye seriously injured, only a quarter normal vision left, and sight of left eye
endangered:
(3.)  Hearing more than half destroyed; right ear practically useless; ear-drum destroyed,'
and left ear very defective :
(4.)  Private parts badly injured and deformed:
(5.) Legs in a very bad condition, witli scars and adhesions, and power of locomotion
interfered with.
Before the injuries occurred claimant was a big strong man, earning about $0 a day as a
miner. He is no longer able to perform manual labour, and he has not at present the educational
qualifications for clerical work; but he is only thirty-four years of age, has normal mental
faculties, and, strange as it may seem, after his terrible experience, his nervous system is only
slightly if at all impaired, and he can, if given the opportunity, qualify himself for clerical
employment.
No amount of money can compensate hiin for the injuries he has received;   and under my
interpretation of the scope of the Commission, I cannot allow him anything for pain and suffering.
I assess his actual damage as follows:—•
To furniture, etc   $   1.11 25
Share of injury to house (sec note to Hillis Coulter, Claim No. 152). .       302 50
Personal injuries      7,500 00
Total   $7,913 75
In estimating the personal injuries I have been governed by what I think from my experience
a jury would award; but it might easily be increased to $10,000, hut even that sum would in
my opinion be inadequate.
No. 143. Benjamin Rozzano.
This man's claim is for:—
Damage to property  $ 24 25
Loss of time and hotel expenses     104 00
Total   $12S 25
Sixteen dollars would have covered the actual damage, if he had stated that he returned
to work when the others did.    After claimant left the room I learned that he had joined the
strikers, and had not returned to work until ilarch, 1915.    I wished to examine him on these
matters, and sent word of this;  but although be agreed to return, he failed to turn up.
I cannot recommend the payment of any money to him.
No. 152. Hillis Coulter.
This claim is.for damage to the house occupied by Alexander MeKinnon (No. 126), which
was wrecked by a bomb. At the time of the explosion Air. MeKinnon had agreed to purchase it,
and had made some payments on account of his purchase. After the explosion AIcKinnou was
unable to continue his payments and surrendered the house to the claimant. At my suggestion
Air. MeKinnon and Air. Coulter came to an agreement whereby Mr. MeKinnon was to be allowed
$302.50 on the house being restored.
Air. Kent, a contractor, estimated the damage to the house at $(i59.25, and I have accepted
his figures, and therefore allow Mr. JIcKinnon the sum of $302.50, and Air. Coulter the difference
between that amount and $659.25—viz., $356.75.    This, I think, will be more satisfactory than F 14 Vancouver Island Riots, 1913-14. 1919
allowing the whole amount to either one or the other and having them make a payment back;
besides, it provides against accidents in the matter of payments.
No. 315. Hono Fung Yuen.
This claim, originally filed with the Chinese Consulate, amounted to $10,345 00
Not including repairs to buildings, fences, fixtures, and fittings, afterwards claimed at   500 00
$10,845 00
As filed with Commission         9,945 00
As amended and filed by Air. Henderson        3,995 00
This claim I believe to he absolutely fraudulent and an impudent attempt to impose on the
Commission, and I cannot recommend the payment of any part of it. It is so unreliable that
•it is open to the suspicion that the little damage done was connived at by the claimant. The
only damage done to the building, fences, and fixtures was the breaking of one window.
Aly previous pieliminary inquiries caused me to suspect, or rather believe, that the claim
was a fraudulent one, and I determined to visit the shop. ' I invited claimant's counsel, Air. Eli
Harrison, to accompany me, but he declined, and when on my return the case was called lie
declined to proceed with it and withdrew. At claimant's request the hearing was adjourned to
enable him to obtain other counsel.
The most casual observation was sufficient to enable a child to see that the claim was more
than grossly exaggerated.
When the case was eventually beard the claim had been reduced to $3,995; but even then
there was no serious attempt made to prove'the value of the stock alleged to have been destroyed.
A claim was made for the loss of $2,005 alleged to have been in the safe. But the
circumstances disclosed render it impossible for me to believe this statement. The safe was
undoubtedly broken at sonic time, and apparently by a sledge-hammer from the outside, but
the condition of the hinge-bolts, the door-bolts, and the interior woodwork make this impossible
of belief, and the combination button was absolutely undamaged. I feel satisfied that the safe
was opened in the usual way, and the damage done afterwards as a blind—which rioters would
have no object in doing.
The shelving and fixtures were absolutely untouched, and many packages of tea, drugs, etc.,
still remained on the shelves when I visited the premises. (The place had boon locked up and
abandoned, with a Chinaman living in the rear.)
I have assessed the damage at $150, but I consider it an extravagantly generous estimate,
and I only make it because Air. Mainwaring. who saw the place a few days after the riot, said
that the floor was covered with tea and rice, etc.. at that time. The only physical damage he
saw to the buildings, etc., was one broken window in the front; but claim was made for 8500
under this heading.
No. 317. Bing Kee.
Claim  was  made for  the  total  destruction  of  a  house  in  riot  of
August,  1913    '    $1 .-"00 00
And injury to other buildings at same time        720 00
Total      $2,220 (K)
Claim was also made for a number of buildings subsequently burned, amount unstated.
Air. Bing Kee was asked to provide full particulars in writing of his claim, showing the
damage done to his several buildings. AVhen his claim was called this request had not been
complied with, and he said he preferred to abandon his claim rather than do so. I informed
him through his counsel, Mr. A'. B. Harrison, that he must do so, as otherwise I had no means
of checking it.    He thereupon formally abandoned that portion of his claim.
No evidence at all was offered in support of the claim for buildings burned subsequently
to August, 1913.
I heard the evidence with reference to the claim for house burned in August, 1913, during
the riot. Bing Kee was the only witness called, and he declined to state positively that it was
burned then ; said that he was not there at the time, but that his son had so reported it to
him, etc.    The sou was present at my inquiry, but was not called.    Subsequently, when inves- 9 Geo. 5
Commissioner's Report.
F 15
tigating another claim (No. 22S), a Chinese witness stated that Bing Kee's house had been
burned in June; but Air. Alainwaring, who had made some investigations shortly after the
riots, said the place was burned at the time he was there, and he understood it had been burned
during the riot in August, 1913. In these circumstances I told Mr. Harrison he would have to
furnish further evidence, and he replied that he could get a Mr. McKay, who was an engineer
at the mine, to so testify, and I directed him to produce this witness the following morning.
This was not done, and the following afternoon the Nanaimo sittings closed. I wrote Air.
Harrison on December 5th and 9th on the subject, and asked him to obtain at least a notarial
declaration from some white man as to the date of burning. At the time of writing this report
I have not heard further from Mr. Harrison; but I am to-day in receipt of a report from Air.
AVilliam Goodwin, who was a special constable at Extension from May 2nd, 1913, to September,
1914, stating that the building was burned between June 2Sth and July 1st; and in view of the
evidence of Claimant No. 228, I have accepted the unsworn report, and allowed Bing Kee nothing
for his claim, which I am now satisfied was fraudulent and that he was a party to the fraud.
Nos. 340-372.
These claims were presented by Air. Dockerill, of tbe firm of Alessrs. AIcGill & Grant. The
claims are for the loss of personal effects and a lumber camp, with tents and equipment, alleged
to have been destroyed in August, 1913.
General evidence was heard, and some addressed to Claims Nos. 355, 3G0, and 304. The
main witnesses were Jang Yick Jon and Jang Dick, who in my opinion proved unworthy of
belief. In my preliminary investigations I had been unable to find any trace of any such loss
as claimed by these claimants, who claimed that everything, including tent, blankets, and
provisions, had been destroyed.
There were a number of suspicious circumstances connected with these claims.
Some time after I had disposed of these cases I was informed by Air. Hastings, whom I
asked to make a private investigation, that so far as he could ascertain there had been no loss,
and that all the tents, provisions, etc., had been taken to Nanaimo to a certain Chinese store,
and he had found the teamster who had hauled them in.
Victoria, B.C. :
Printed by William H. Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty,
1919.

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