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The effect of ethnicity on visual language discrimination 2009

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Cl i c k t o e di t  Mas t e r  s ubt i t l e  s t yl e  12/10/09  The  e f f e c t  of Et hni c i t y  on  Vi s ua l  La ngua ge Di s c r i mi na t i on Ca t hy Li n 4t h ye a r  di r e c t e d s t udy s t ude nt  i n Ps yc hol ogy a nd Li ngui s t i c s Wi t h Dr s .  J a ne t We r ke r  a nd Whi t ne y We i kum  12/10/09  De f i ni t i on  Vi s ua l  l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on  di s c r i mi na t e  l a ngua ge s  us i ng vi s ua l i nf or ma t i on a l one ,  wi t hout  a ny a udi t or y i nf or ma t i on  12/10/09  I nt r oduc t i on Ta i w a n Ma l a y s i a Of f i c i a l l a ngua ge : Ma nda r i n Di a l e c t s : Mi n- na n Ha kka  12/10/09  I nt r oduc t i on Ot he r l a ngua ge s : Ma l a y Hi ndi Engl i s h Ot he r Et hni c i t i e s : Ma l a y I ndi a n Ca uc a s i a ns  12/10/09  Why?  Whe n l e a r ni ng l a ngua ge s ,  we  a r e  not onl y e xpos e d t o  a udi t or y i nf or ma t i on, but  a l s o vi s ua l  c ue s  Li p a nd j a w move me nt  Fa c i a l  f e a t ur e s !  I nf a nt s  a r e  s e ns i t i ve  t o  vi s ua l  c ue s ( We i kum e t  a l ,  2007,  Pa t t e r s on a nd We r ke r 1999; 2003)  I nf a nt s  a r e  a l s o s e ns i t i ve  t o  f a c i a l r a c i a l  c ue s  ( Ke l l y  e t  a l .  2005)  12/10/09  Pr e vi ous  St udi e s  Ot he r - r a c e  e f f e c t  ( ORE) :  monol i ngua l s pr e f e r  f a c e s  of  t he i r  own e t hni c  gr oup ove r  t hos e  of  ot he r  e t hni c  gr oups  St r ong,  s us t a i na bl e  ORE e me r ge s  a t  6 mont hs  ol d.  ( Ke l l y  e t  a l . ,  2007)  ORE c a n be  a ppl i e d t o  f a c e s  of nonhuma n pr i ma t e  ( Pa s c a l i s  e t  a l . ,  2005) a nd na t ur a l  l a ngua ge s  ( Ki nz l e r  e t  a l . , 2007)  t oo.  12/10/09  Pr e vi ous  St udi e s  Bi l i ngua l  Fr e nc h- Engl i s h i nf a nt s  a t  6 a nd 8 mont hs  c a n pe r f or m vi s ua l l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on ( We i kum e t  a l . , 2007) Monol i ngua l  Engl i s h i nf a nt s  c a n onl y di s c r i mi na t e  a t  6  mont hs  Expe r i e nc e  wi t h mul t i pl e  l a ngua ge s s i nc e  bi r t h  s us t a i ns  a bi l i t y  i n  vi s ua l l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on.   12/10/09  Re s e a r c h Que s t i on  Pr e vi ous  s t udy us e d We s t e r n l a ngua ge s a nd s pe a ke r s  of  Eur ope a n de s c e nt .  We  us e d Engl i s h a nd Ma nda r i n a s  t he t e s t  s t i mul i  Thi s  s t udy we  i nc or por a t e d s pe a ke r ’ s e t hni c i t y  a s  a  va r i a bl e  t o  e xa mi ne  i t s e f f e c t  on vi s ua l  l a ngua ge di s c r i mi na t i on.  12/10/09  Re s e a r c h Que s t i on  Ca n s i mi l a r  r e s ul t s  be  r e pl i c a t e d whe n us i ng Engl i s h a nd Ma nda r i n a s  t he  t e s t s t i mul i ?  Doe s  s pe a ke r ’ s  e t hni c i t y  i nt e r a c t  wi t h i nf a nt s ’  a bi l i t y  t o  a t t e nd t o  t he l i ngui s t i c  i nf or ma t i on on s i l e nt t a l ki ng f a c e s ?  12/10/09  Me t hods  Pa r t i c i pa nt s :  6- mont h- ol d • e t hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s • e t hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s  Te s t  s t i mul i : • Si l e nt  vi de o c l i ps  of  3  e t hni c - Chi ne s e  bi l i ngua l  Ma nda r i n- Engl i s h f e ma l e  s pe a ke r s • r e c i t i ng  s e nt e nc e s  i n  Engl i s h  a nd Ma nda r i n  12/10/09  Me t hods :  Te s t  St i mul i  Spe a ke r  1  Spe a ke r  2  Spe a ke r  3  12/10/09  Me t hods  Bi l i ngua l / Et hni c i t i e s  Que s t i onna i r e  Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm  2 pha s e s  Ha bi t ua t i on pha s e  Te s t i ng pha s e  12/10/09  Me t hods Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm Pr e s e nt a t i on Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e  12/10/09  Me t hods  Bi l i ngua l / Et hni c i t i e s  Que s t i onna i r e  Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm  60% c r i t e r i on ( 40 % de c r e a s e )  4 c ondi t i onsHa bi t ua t i o n Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Pa r t i c i pa n t s  # Ma nda r i n Ma nda r i n 16 Ma nda r i n Engl i s h 16 Engl i s h Engl i s h 16 Engl i s h  Ma nda r i n 16  12/10/09  Me t hods Ha bi t Te s t Pa r t i c i pa n t s  # Et hni c - Chi ne s e Ma nda r i n Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h Ma nda r i n Ma nda r i n 16 8 ( ? ) 8 Ma nda r i n Engl i s h 16 8 8 Engl i s h Engl i s h 16 8 ( ? ) 8 Engl i s h Ma nda r i n 16 8 8  12/10/09  Pr e di c t i ons A.   Ge ne r a l pr e di c t i on     I nf a nt s  di s c r i mi na t e c ha nge s  i f  ha bi t ua t e d t o  nonpr e f e r r e d s t i mul i a nd t e s t  wi t h pr e f e r r e d s t i mul i  ( Mc Ca r t ne y & Pa nne t on,  2005) . Et hni c - Chi ne s e Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Ma nda r i n Engl i s h Engl i s h Ma nda r i n B.    Et hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s  12/10/09  Pr e di c t i ons c .  Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Ma nda r i n Engl i s h Engl i s h Ma nda r i n  12/10/09  Pr e l i mi na r y- r e s ul t s  Ri ght  now,  ha ve  r un 7 Chi ne s e monol i ngua l s  Al l  i n  e xpe r i me nt a l  c ondi t i on  Al l  a r e  Chi ne s e  monol i ngua l s ,  wi t h mi ni ma l  c ont a c t  wi t h Engl i s h a nd Et hni c - Eur ope a n f a c e s  Al l  s how r e c ove r y i n  l ooki ng t i me  a t t e s t i ng pha s e     ( p=0. 003)  12/10/09  Di s c us s i on  For  e t hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s ,  bot h t he  f a c e s  of  t he s pe a ke r s  a nd one  of  t he  l a ngua ge s  a r e f a mi l i a r  But  f or  e t hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s ,  onl y one  of  t he l a ngua ge s  i s  f a mi l i a r  I n  t he  f ut ur e ,  i t  wi l l  be  i nt e r e s t i ng t o  l ook a t  how t he  i nf a nt s  r e s pond t o e t hni c - Eur ope a n Ma nda r i n- Engl i s h  12/10/09  Re f e r e nc e s Ke l l y,  D. ,  Qui nn,  P. ,  Sl a t e r ,  A. ,  Le e ,  K. ,  Ge ,  L. ,  & Pa s c a l i s ,  O.  ( 2007) .  The  ot he r - r a c e  e f f e c t  de ve l ops dur i ng i nf a nc y:  Evi de nc e  of  pe r c e pt ua l  na r r owi ng. Ps y c hol ogi c al  Sc i e nc e ,  18 ( 12) ,  1084- 1089. Ki nz l e r ,  K. D. ,  Dupoux,  E. ,  & Spe l ke ,  E. S.  ( 2007) .  The na t i ve  l a ngua ge  of  s oc i a l  c ogni t i on.  Pr oc e e di ngs  of t he  Nat i onal  Ac ade my  of  Sc i e nc e s ,  104 ,  12577- 12580. Mc Ca r t ne y,  J . ,  & Pa nne t on,  R.  ( 2005) .  Four - Mont h- Ol ds '  Di s c r i mi na t i on of  Voi c e  Cha nge s  i n  Mul t i moda l Di s pl a ys  a s  a  Func t i on of  Di s c r i mi na t i on Pr ot oc ol . I nf anc y ,  7 ( 2) ,  163- 182. Pa s c a l i s ,  O. ,  Sc ot t ,  L. ,  Ke l l y ,  D. ,  Sha nnon,  R. , Ni c hol s on,  E. ,  Col e ma n,  M. ,  e t  a l .  ( 2005,  Apr i l ) . Pl a s t i c i t y  of  f a c e  pr oc e s s i ng i n  i nf a nc y.  PNAS Pr oc e e di ngs  of  t he     Nat i onal  Ac ade my  of  Sc i e nc e s  of t he  Uni t e d St at e s  of  Ame r i c a ,  102 ( 14) , 5297- 5300.  12/10/09  Pa t t e r s on,  M. ,  & We r ke r ,  J .  ( 2003) .  Two- mont h- ol d i nf a nt s  ma t c h phone t i c  i nf or ma t i on i n  l i ps  a nd voi c e . De v e l opme nt al  Sc i e nc e ,  6 ( 2) ,  191- 196. We i kum,  W. ,  Voul ouma nos ,  A. ,  Na va r r a ,  J . ,  Sot o- Fa r a c o,  S. ,  Se ba s t i á n- Ga l l é s ,  N. ,  & We r ke r ,  J . ( 2007) .  Vi s ua l  l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on i n  i nf a nc y. Sc i e nc e ,  316 ( 5828) ,  1159- 1159.  12/10/09  Tha nk you Que s t i ons ?

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