Open Collections

UBC Undergraduate Research

The effect of ethnicity on visual language discrimination Lin, Cathy Apr 15, 2009

Item Metadata

Download

Media
42446-CathyProject.pptx [ 3.93MB ]
Metadata
JSON: 42446-1.0081271.json
JSON-LD: 42446-1.0081271-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): 42446-1.0081271-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: 42446-1.0081271-rdf.json
Turtle: 42446-1.0081271-turtle.txt
N-Triples: 42446-1.0081271-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: 42446-1.0081271-source.json
Full Text
42446-1.0081271-fulltext.txt
Citation
42446-1.0081271.ris

Full Text

Cl i c k t o e di t  Mas t e r  s ubt i t l e  s t yl e  12/10/09  The  e f f e c t  of Et hni c i t y  on  Vi s ua l  La ngua ge Di s c r i mi na t i on Ca t hy Li n 4t h ye a r  di r e c t e d s t udy s t ude nt  i n Ps yc hol ogy a nd Li ngui s t i c s Wi t h Dr s .  J a ne t We r ke r  a nd Whi t ne y We i kum  12/10/09  De f i ni t i on  Vi s ua l  l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on  di s c r i mi na t e  l a ngua ge s  us i ng vi s ua l i nf or ma t i on a l one ,  wi t hout  a ny a udi t or y i nf or ma t i on  12/10/09  I nt r oduc t i on Ta i w a n Ma l a y s i a Of f i c i a l l a ngua ge : Ma nda r i n Di a l e c t s : Mi n- na n Ha kka  12/10/09  I nt r oduc t i on Ot he r l a ngua ge s : Ma l a y Hi ndi Engl i s h Ot he r Et hni c i t i e s : Ma l a y I ndi a n Ca uc a s i a ns  12/10/09  Why?  Whe n l e a r ni ng l a ngua ge s ,  we  a r e  not onl y e xpos e d t o  a udi t or y i nf or ma t i on, but  a l s o vi s ua l  c ue s  Li p a nd j a w move me nt  Fa c i a l  f e a t ur e s !  I nf a nt s  a r e  s e ns i t i ve  t o  vi s ua l  c ue s ( We i kum e t  a l ,  2007,  Pa t t e r s on a nd We r ke r 1999; 2003)  I nf a nt s  a r e  a l s o s e ns i t i ve  t o  f a c i a l r a c i a l  c ue s  ( Ke l l y  e t  a l .  2005)  12/10/09  Pr e vi ous  St udi e s  Ot he r - r a c e  e f f e c t  ( ORE) :  monol i ngua l s pr e f e r  f a c e s  of  t he i r  own e t hni c  gr oup ove r  t hos e  of  ot he r  e t hni c  gr oups  St r ong,  s us t a i na bl e  ORE e me r ge s  a t  6 mont hs  ol d.  ( Ke l l y  e t  a l . ,  2007)  ORE c a n be  a ppl i e d t o  f a c e s  of nonhuma n pr i ma t e  ( Pa s c a l i s  e t  a l . ,  2005) a nd na t ur a l  l a ngua ge s  ( Ki nz l e r  e t  a l . , 2007)  t oo.  12/10/09  Pr e vi ous  St udi e s  Bi l i ngua l  Fr e nc h- Engl i s h i nf a nt s  a t  6 a nd 8 mont hs  c a n pe r f or m vi s ua l l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on ( We i kum e t  a l . , 2007) Monol i ngua l  Engl i s h i nf a nt s  c a n onl y di s c r i mi na t e  a t  6  mont hs  Expe r i e nc e  wi t h mul t i pl e  l a ngua ge s s i nc e  bi r t h  s us t a i ns  a bi l i t y  i n  vi s ua l l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on.   12/10/09  Re s e a r c h Que s t i on  Pr e vi ous  s t udy us e d We s t e r n l a ngua ge s a nd s pe a ke r s  of  Eur ope a n de s c e nt .  We  us e d Engl i s h a nd Ma nda r i n a s  t he t e s t  s t i mul i  Thi s  s t udy we  i nc or por a t e d s pe a ke r ’ s e t hni c i t y  a s  a  va r i a bl e  t o  e xa mi ne  i t s e f f e c t  on vi s ua l  l a ngua ge di s c r i mi na t i on.  12/10/09  Re s e a r c h Que s t i on  Ca n s i mi l a r  r e s ul t s  be  r e pl i c a t e d whe n us i ng Engl i s h a nd Ma nda r i n a s  t he  t e s t s t i mul i ?  Doe s  s pe a ke r ’ s  e t hni c i t y  i nt e r a c t  wi t h i nf a nt s ’  a bi l i t y  t o  a t t e nd t o  t he l i ngui s t i c  i nf or ma t i on on s i l e nt t a l ki ng f a c e s ?  12/10/09  Me t hods  Pa r t i c i pa nt s :  6- mont h- ol d • e t hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s • e t hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s  Te s t  s t i mul i : • Si l e nt  vi de o c l i ps  of  3  e t hni c - Chi ne s e  bi l i ngua l  Ma nda r i n- Engl i s h f e ma l e  s pe a ke r s • r e c i t i ng  s e nt e nc e s  i n  Engl i s h  a nd Ma nda r i n  12/10/09  Me t hods :  Te s t  St i mul i  Spe a ke r  1  Spe a ke r  2  Spe a ke r  3  12/10/09  Me t hods  Bi l i ngua l / Et hni c i t i e s  Que s t i onna i r e  Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm  2 pha s e s  Ha bi t ua t i on pha s e  Te s t i ng pha s e  12/10/09  Me t hods Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm Pr e s e nt a t i on Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e  12/10/09  Me t hods  Bi l i ngua l / Et hni c i t i e s  Que s t i onna i r e  Ha bi t ua t i on Pa r a di gm  60% c r i t e r i on ( 40 % de c r e a s e )  4 c ondi t i onsHa bi t ua t i o n Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Pa r t i c i pa n t s  # Ma nda r i n Ma nda r i n 16 Ma nda r i n Engl i s h 16 Engl i s h Engl i s h 16 Engl i s h  Ma nda r i n 16  12/10/09  Me t hods Ha bi t Te s t Pa r t i c i pa n t s  # Et hni c - Chi ne s e Ma nda r i n Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h Ma nda r i n Ma nda r i n 16 8 ( ? ) 8 Ma nda r i n Engl i s h 16 8 8 Engl i s h Engl i s h 16 8 ( ? ) 8 Engl i s h Ma nda r i n 16 8 8  12/10/09  Pr e di c t i ons A.   Ge ne r a l pr e di c t i on     I nf a nt s  di s c r i mi na t e c ha nge s  i f  ha bi t ua t e d t o  nonpr e f e r r e d s t i mul i a nd t e s t  wi t h pr e f e r r e d s t i mul i  ( Mc Ca r t ne y & Pa nne t on,  2005) . Et hni c - Chi ne s e Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Ma nda r i n Engl i s h Engl i s h Ma nda r i n B.    Et hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s  12/10/09  Pr e di c t i ons c .  Et hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s Ha bi t ua t i on Pha s e Te s t i ng Pha s e Ma nda r i n Engl i s h Engl i s h Ma nda r i n  12/10/09  Pr e l i mi na r y- r e s ul t s  Ri ght  now,  ha ve  r un 7 Chi ne s e monol i ngua l s  Al l  i n  e xpe r i me nt a l  c ondi t i on  Al l  a r e  Chi ne s e  monol i ngua l s ,  wi t h mi ni ma l  c ont a c t  wi t h Engl i s h a nd Et hni c - Eur ope a n f a c e s  Al l  s how r e c ove r y i n  l ooki ng t i me  a t t e s t i ng pha s e     ( p=0. 003)  12/10/09  Di s c us s i on  For  e t hni c - Chi ne s e  Ma nda r i n monol i ngua l s ,  bot h t he  f a c e s  of  t he s pe a ke r s  a nd one  of  t he  l a ngua ge s  a r e f a mi l i a r  But  f or  e t hni c - Eur ope a n Engl i s h monol i ngua l s ,  onl y one  of  t he l a ngua ge s  i s  f a mi l i a r  I n  t he  f ut ur e ,  i t  wi l l  be  i nt e r e s t i ng t o  l ook a t  how t he  i nf a nt s  r e s pond t o e t hni c - Eur ope a n Ma nda r i n- Engl i s h  12/10/09  Re f e r e nc e s Ke l l y,  D. ,  Qui nn,  P. ,  Sl a t e r ,  A. ,  Le e ,  K. ,  Ge ,  L. ,  & Pa s c a l i s ,  O.  ( 2007) .  The  ot he r - r a c e  e f f e c t  de ve l ops dur i ng i nf a nc y:  Evi de nc e  of  pe r c e pt ua l  na r r owi ng. Ps y c hol ogi c al  Sc i e nc e ,  18 ( 12) ,  1084- 1089. Ki nz l e r ,  K. D. ,  Dupoux,  E. ,  & Spe l ke ,  E. S.  ( 2007) .  The na t i ve  l a ngua ge  of  s oc i a l  c ogni t i on.  Pr oc e e di ngs  of t he  Nat i onal  Ac ade my  of  Sc i e nc e s ,  104 ,  12577- 12580. Mc Ca r t ne y,  J . ,  & Pa nne t on,  R.  ( 2005) .  Four - Mont h- Ol ds '  Di s c r i mi na t i on of  Voi c e  Cha nge s  i n  Mul t i moda l Di s pl a ys  a s  a  Func t i on of  Di s c r i mi na t i on Pr ot oc ol . I nf anc y ,  7 ( 2) ,  163- 182. Pa s c a l i s ,  O. ,  Sc ot t ,  L. ,  Ke l l y ,  D. ,  Sha nnon,  R. , Ni c hol s on,  E. ,  Col e ma n,  M. ,  e t  a l .  ( 2005,  Apr i l ) . Pl a s t i c i t y  of  f a c e  pr oc e s s i ng i n  i nf a nc y.  PNAS Pr oc e e di ngs  of  t he     Nat i onal  Ac ade my  of  Sc i e nc e s  of t he  Uni t e d St at e s  of  Ame r i c a ,  102 ( 14) , 5297- 5300.  12/10/09  Pa t t e r s on,  M. ,  & We r ke r ,  J .  ( 2003) .  Two- mont h- ol d i nf a nt s  ma t c h phone t i c  i nf or ma t i on i n  l i ps  a nd voi c e . De v e l opme nt al  Sc i e nc e ,  6 ( 2) ,  191- 196. We i kum,  W. ,  Voul ouma nos ,  A. ,  Na va r r a ,  J . ,  Sot o- Fa r a c o,  S. ,  Se ba s t i á n- Ga l l é s ,  N. ,  & We r ke r ,  J . ( 2007) .  Vi s ua l  l a ngua ge  di s c r i mi na t i on i n  i nf a nc y. Sc i e nc e ,  316 ( 5828) ,  1159- 1159.  12/10/09  Tha nk you Que s t i ons ?

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/dsp.42446.1-0081271/manifest

Comment

Related Items