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Collaborative design of an eco-district on South Campus, UBC : final report Refaei, Abdulrahman; Scott, Alexandra Zoe; Chui, Ayishah Chung Yee; Lee, Brianne Kristen; Winters, Celia Rae; Salvi, Chaitrali Manohar; Loo, Ee Jay; Boa-Brown, Erin L.; Chua, Glen Yongcheng; Ramnani, Hema Prakashbhai; Simon, Jaclyn Karling; Macdaniel, Jessica; Xie, Jiaxi; Joung, Joo Yeoun; Harvey, Joshua; Dema-Ala, Jules Ives Marion; Lorimer, Julia; Dong, Liping; Yin, Qin; Jia, Ru; Mollahajloo, Samaneh Gharehdaghi; Michak, Tory Elizabeth; Ju, Xuewei; Miao, Yinan Aug 30, 2017

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 UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student ReportAbdulrahman Refaei, Alexandra Zoe Scott, Ayishah Chung Yee Chui, Brianne Kristen Lee, Celia Rae Winters, Chaitrali Manohar Salvi, Ee Jay Loo, Erin L Boa-Brown, Glen Yongcheng Chua, Hema Prakashbhai Ramnani, Jaclyn Karling Simon, Jessica Macdaniel, Jiaxi Xie, Joo Yeoun Joung, Joshua Harvey, Jules Ives Marion Dema-Ala, Julia Lorimer, Liping Dong, Qin Yin, Ru Jia, Samaneh Gharehdaghi Mollahajloo, Tory Elizabeth Michak, Xuewei Ju, Yinan MiaoCollaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCENDS/LARC 482/582August 30, 201714012453University of British Columbia Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS Program provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or a SEEDS team representative about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report”.ENDS 482T/LARC 582T Design Charrette, Summer 2017Collaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBC FINAL REPORTDesign Charrette Conducted July 12-13 & 19-20, 2017School of Architecture and Landscape ArchitectureACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThanks to the Campus and Community Planning staff who assisted with planning and conducting this design charrette. We appreciated all of your valuable input:Doug Doyle, Krista Falkner, Bud Fraser, Dean Gregory, Scot Hein, Orion Henderson, Liska Rich-er, John Madden, Penny Martyn, Joanne Proft, Ralph WellsThanks to Tim Herron, CIRS Building Manager, for technical support.STAKEHOLDERSThanks to these stakeholders who provided valuable commentary at the charrette:Jim Hanlon and Diana Castaneda, TRIUMF, Sylvia Pendl, Metro Vancouver, Ronald Kellett, Di-rector, SALAOTHER PARTICIPANTS:Brendan Buchanan Dee, Sahar Badiei, Teena Aujla, Students, SALAFUNDING SUPPORTFunding support for this course was provided by the UBC Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund for 2016/2017.TEACHING TEAM:Professor Cynthia GirlingTatum Lawlor, Teaching AssistantSTUDENTS:Erin Boa-Brown, Glen Chua, Ayishah Chung Yee Chui, Jim Dema-Ala, Liping Dong, Samaneh Gharehdagh, Joshua Harvey, Ru Jia, Joo Yeoun Joung, Xuewei Ju, Brianne Lee, Ee Jay Loo, Ju-lia Lorimer, Jessica MacDaniel, Yinan (Scarlett) Miao, Tory Michak, Hema Ramnani, Abdulrahman Refaei, Chaitrali Salvi, Alexandra Scott, Jaclyn Simon, Celia Winters, Jiaxi Xie, Qin YinCONTENTS1. Charrette Introduction & processCharrette Design Team: Jessica MacDaniel, Hema Ramnani,Chaitrali Salvi2. Charrette Team 1: Living LabJenna Jooyeoun Joung, Liping Dong, Ru Jia, Tory Michak, XueweiJu3. Charrette Team 2: Living LinksAyishah Chui, Brianne Lee, Celia Winters, Josh Harvey, ScarlettMiao4. Charrette Team 3: Pacific Research DistrictAbdulrahman Refaei, Erin Boa-Brown, Jim Dema-ala, Julia Lorimer,Qin Yin, Samaneh Gharehdaghi5. Charrette Team 4: ReconnectedAlexandra Scott, Ee Jay Loo, Glen Chua, Jaclyn Simon, Jiaxi XieAPPENDICES1. Detailed schedule2. Floor plans3. Reference list4. Design Brief Collaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCBlank pageTHE CHARRETTE PROCESS Team : Chaitrali Salvi, Jessica MacDaniel, Hema RamnaniThe UBC South Campus Charrette was a visioning exercise, where students imagined UBC South Campus as an eco-district. Concepts of neighborhood and district scale sustainability characterize this charrette as an eco-district. The sustainability targets that were developed by the class for each charrette team to meet were based on UBC’s sustainability priorities and targets. The charrette allowed students work with the public and stakeholders to conceptualize ideas about an area of campus that has potential to grow and become more integrated with UBC North Campus.The existing land use plans by Campus Planning committee of South Campus were referred to during the charrette. The future plans for an eco-district include TRIUMF expansion, a district energy plant, new research facilities and additional services, all forming a new type of hub on South Campus. We considered the site to have potential for a new defining gateway to the campus from south-west Marine drive, and a new waste reuse, recycling and re-purposing center. Since Campus and Community Planning is working on a strategy for the development of UBC South Campus, it allowed students to design an area that has the opportunity to be re-visioned. The designs produced during this charrette may be referenced by Campus and Community Planning in the future.Collaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCWhy a Design Charrette?This class, and the overall process of the charrette gave students the opportunity to experience an intensive and collaborative-based design process, which took place over a period of four days. Students learned about the theory of design charrettes and took part in preparing for this charrette in many capacities; through research, preparing metric goals and formulas to be used by teams during the charrette, and coordination and development of the charrette itself.It was a collaborative, intensive design workshop that lasted for four days. The goal of the charrette was to produce flexible plans and conceptual ideas as a visioning design exercise. The charrette had four design teams who produced alternative solutions and goals for UBC South Campus. Students stayed in four groups throughout the duration of the charrette in order to produce a total of four well-developed visions for UBC South Campus. The public invitation posterWorking in a design charrette allows for many people to work through design problems quickly. It is also an economical way to execute designs. It is a platform where people can collaborate with others from various backgrounds. Stakeholders and the public can are also invited and have an opportunity to be heard and have their needs considered while designs are being developed. It gives people a platform where discussion is welcome and all ideas are discussed and considered.  One team from the class coordinated and developed the charrette. During the charrette they participated by working with facilitators, coordinating the schedule, set-up, outreach, and as a primary communication contact for other logistical needs. (see the appendix for the breakdown of design teams)ScalesDesign teams studied the future of UBC South Campus at a scale that includes south of 16th avenue, including Westbrook place, the UBC Farm, other green academic areas and the research triangle at the southern tip.The other scale that was focused on during the charrette is the southern tip of UBC South Campus, which includes TRIUMF, the National Research Council of Canada, Centre for Comparative Medicine, the UBC Library PARC (preservation and archives facility), and campus operations facilities such as; composting, material recovery, and the campus nursery.Charrette AgendaScale 1: 2500Scale 1: 1500The length of the charrette was determined at the start of the course and developed by the charrette team. The National Charrette Institute,  Design Charrette for Sustainable Communities, 2008 by Patrick Condon and Riddick’s, Charrette Processes helped us determine what aspects of their schedule suited our charrette. The discussion, brainstorming, and designing portions of the charrette are roughly in the same place as other charrettes schedules that we referred to. Some specific changes in our charrette reflect the best times that students would be looking for certain types of feedback depending on what stages they were at in their charrette. The decision making took place when consultation was provided at end of day discussions and also during/af-ter guests such as stakeholders and other experts were invited to give input on the designs. The ScheduleCharrette AgendaThe ideas were refined by incorporating feedback from set stakeholders, expert groups and public meetings. The feedback provided charrette teams with the information necessary to create a feasible designs. The teams were provided with set deliverables for the day in order to produce desired quality outputs.Participants of the charrette include 24 students who took part in the class and did theme background research and pre-charrette preparation. Those students helped guide invitees and the team design process as facilitators (with a new student facilitating in groups each day). There were a handful of students who attended and participated in the charrette as guest designers. The guests designers were SALA students who were invited through social media, and weekly communication newsletters. At specific times during the charrette stakeholders and experts in various, related fields on campus and throughout the city were invited to attend the charrette to give feedback on designs as they were developing. The experts provided guidance and input, while stakeholders shared feedback about the designs. Public were invited at the start of the course to hear about what the charrette was about, they were also invited to the final presentations on the last day to see the concluding design proposals. People were contacted and invited to the charrette through posters, newsletters, and e-mail outreach.Final DeliverablesScheme nameFull names of team members 1. Executive Summary of the proposal, including the principles, and other important descriptions or rationalization of the scheme. Short-term action items- what are projects that UBC could undertake in the near future? Secondly, future list of research, which other SEEDS affiliated courses or students could undertake. 2. Diagrams, which explain the main systems of the scheme aligned with principles.3. A very brief report of how the scheme meets any targets that the team has been able to estimate/evaluate. 4. The 1:1500 site plan. This can be a scanned hand drawing or a digital plan. 5. At least two “zoom” studies. These are more detailed examinations of important areas of the design.The originals might be designed at 1:500 or 1:250.6. Two to three perspective images of important areas of the design. Hand drawn sketches are fine.7. At least three cross sections of important proposed spaces on the scheme, such as across Westbrook Mall, along a green way, in a pedestrian space.Team FormationsInspired by UBC Okanagan’s Whole Systems Infrastructure Plan, we wanted designs to be planned considering valuable systems, and assets that are currently functioning, or that could be explored further. When dividing students into charrette teams we took members of initial research groups and mixed them into charrette teams in order for each charrette team to have students of various site-research backgrounds. Since students were also from various disciplines such as; Landscape Architecture, Architecture, Urban Design, Environmental Design, Engineering, and Geography we also distributed students so that there would be a range of backgrounds on each team in order for a cross-pollination of ideas.There were also a few additional design guests attendees that stayed for a portion of the charrette to work with the design teams. The team formation guide.During the charrette students took turns as facilitators. We would have morning facilitator meetings to guide students on how to direct their teams throughout the day and how to meet the deliverables. They were given information about attendee’s, how to manage the personalities and ensure that everyone has an equal chance to contribute. Students were directed on how to include guests and manage tasks such as; note taking, drawing, producing metrics etc. Facilitators were also given information on interpersonal skills that can help when leading a large group of people, this was referenced from the Facilitator Guide in the Enterprise Green Communities Charrette Tools manual.Collaboration with the UBC Campus and Community Planning and SEEDSThe decision to undertake the design of UBC South Campus as the charrette topic was developed with consideration from Campus and Community Planning. The idea for UBC South Campus to be imagined as an eco-district was based on the UBC Okanagan Infrastructure Plan, which deploys a whole systems thinking approach.Through the process of the charrette, students collaborated with various guests with areas of expertise and interest in the site as stakeholders. and design students whom attended to help develop and inform ideas. The final design proposals for a future eco-district in South Campus that were developed through the charrette were digitized and given to Campus and Community Planning. This project was a partnership between Campus and Community Planning and the SEEDS program. It was a grant provided by the Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund. A charrette team working in the early stages of the design processDuring the charrette teams were provided with; - rolls of trace paper       - two base maps (at the scale of 1:500 and 1:2500) - two A4 maps for the presentations- large sheet-paper- a toolbox with;      markers, scissors, dots, sticky notes, tape, scale rulers- legends to follow for consistency in presentation- a detailed daily schedule- a facilitator guide- a list of deliverablesStudents were also introduced to the Touch Table tool, which allowed for using cases in elements db to test out design formations, metrics, and get a sense of the site with more control.ToolsA walking tour of UBC South Campus was conducted before the background research. This allowed for students to get a sense of the area and see some of the prominent features and characteristics of the site. The tour began on Wesbrook village amidst the low-mid rise commercial and residential development and ended at the composting facility on the southern tip covering some landmarks such as the UBC Farm, Triumf, the Preservation and Archives Facility, and the Pacific Spirit Regional Park trail-heads. The walking tour took place a month before the charrette took place and in the early stages of the course.Appendix 1: Introduction to the SiteBlank pageLiving LabTeam 1: Jenna Jooyeoun Joung, Liping Dong, Ru Jia, Tory Michak, Xuewei JuGoalThe goal of Team Living Lab is to create an inviting place for residents, workers, and visitors to experience the research and reuse principles that are celebrated, studied, and practiced in the community. Principles1. A main greenway will lead through the heart of South Campus creating jumping off points that demonstrate the sustainability principles that are the backbone of the Living Lab and making visible the ways that water, materials, and energy are reused and recycled.2. New buildings, public spaces, and markets create anchor points, increase walkability and lead to a greater feeling of community.3. Greenways, smaller path systems, and a public transit will support human connectivity, especially through walking and biking, and create stronger links with Pacific Spirit Regional Park.4. Enhanced edge conditions clarify buildings and wayfinding, and increasing exposure to park entrances.5. Some of the North Campus and Wesbrook Village elements, such as street lighting, are replicated, making the unique experience of south campus coherent with the entire UBC campus.6. Sustainable treatments are exposed and explained.7. Add a greater diversity of habitat, including mixed forest, deciduous forest, and meadow, in order to enhance biodiversity and habitat corridors throughout the site.Concept Plan 1 Executive SummaryNear Term Action ItemsFarmers’ Market: The Market can be pulled out from the UBC Farm and placed closer to the center of South Campus in order to become more visible and attract more people.Shuttle Bus: A bus route along the length of Wesbrook Avenue could increase connectivity for the entire campus. Stormwater Management: A bioswale can be built along Wesbrook Avenue and act to ameliorate possible flooding in the event of a large rainstorm.Signage: Wayfinding will improve with better signage to clarify circulation routes and make the public more aware of public areas that they are welcome to visit. Building Tenants: The Opera Storage Warehouse and be converted into a museum. MT Innovations can be converted into a dormitory and gym.Triumf Improvements: Open some areas of Triumf up to the public, add corridors through Triumf into Pacific Spirit Park, and advertise that the coffee shop located within Triumf is open to the public.Triumf Park: Convert the space between Triumf and the MT Innovations building into a park for those working in the area to eat lunch and take walks. The park will additionally serve as an attractor for Pacific Spirit Park and will retain a detention pond to mitigate potential flooding in the area. SEEDS Research OpportunitiesCompost Expansion: As the composting facility is nearing capacity, how could this operation be most effectively expanded in order to respond to growing demand? How else could the compost system become more effective? How can we give the composting facility more prominence on campus and make it more visitor friendly?Mapping Biodiversity: Closely map the various habitat regions and functionality of corridors in and relating to South Campus. Reuse Art: Explore the ways in which objects can be reused to create public art. Items can come from the waste center or be found in piles near or in garbage bins across campus.Transportation Study: Look at the various ways to improve public transit, such as adding a shuttle along the length of Wesbrook Avenue, as well as increasing active transportation. Near Term Action ItemsPublic HubThis area is expected to be the most active public space on South Campus. It is surrounded by research centres with domitories and temporary residences on the top two floors. There is also an open covered space for a farmers market and yard sale. Triumf ParkThis park will be an attractive place for those working/living in the area eat lunch and take walks and will also attract people to venture further into PSRP. Several new habitats are introduced in this area as well as a retention pond to mitigate potential flooding in the area.Wesbrook Mall RetrofitThe existing condition of Wesbrook Mall is uninviting and boring with large coniferous screens on both sides. New amenities and public spaces are pushed to the roadside in order to enhance building exposure and create a sense of place.Before AfterFishponds RetrofitThe existing fishponds will be retrofitted into different public spaces. Some will feature various coverings on top including, while others will be kept for use of detention ponds in the case of a large rain event.First-floor View Exposure Habitat AdjustmentTo achieve the goal of inviting residents, workers, and visitors to experience the sustainable research and reuse principles that are celebrated, studied and practiced, large glazed windows will expose the machinery and labs on the first floor of all the new proposed research centres.The addition of new habitat zones and the transformation of others will even out the mix of habitats in this area. BiodiversityBuildings• Try to increase or at least maintain the existing green areas.• Adjust habitat levels. Increase habitat with high habitat value.• 86% walkable to ammenities in 5 minutes• Increase total 1030 peopleLegendLegendCirculationPublic Space• Renew greenway systems to enhance better connections with PSRP and UBC farm• Introduce a shuttle bus loop to take riders further into South Campus and make it convenient to enter from North Campus• Articulate the active public spaces along the Wesbrook Mall.• Enhance greenway connections between public spaces• Intensify security by increasing site lines from surrounding buildings.LegendLegendWater• Rainwater is collected, purified and reused through green infrastructure• A series of enclosed-loop systems are established to reduce the potable water use and stormwater runoff• A series of detention ponds for flood protectionThose small scale water systems in buildings and neighborhoods can link together as a whole water system on the south campus. By addressing these water actions, we assume that the stormwater utilization ratio can reach 58% and the flood risk can be eliminated.LegendGroup 2: Living LinksCollaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCCharrette Conducted July 12-13 & 19-20, 2017ENDS 482T/LARC 582T Design CharretteAyishah Chui, Brianne Lee, Celia Winters, Josh Harvey & Scarlett Miao2 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Concept DesignAt the core of our design is a vibrant central hub featuring a public plaza, transit connections and services that residents, students and employees can share. Off of this hub are spokes towards the greater UBC Community and the natural environment of the Point Grey Peninsula, supporting the ‘living’ in living lab. In addition, the spokes towards Triumf and the Experimental Ponds 2.0, serve as key examples of industry innovation and academic research, supporting the ‘lab’ in living lab.3GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Living Links believes the design of an Eco-District in the South Campus of UBC uniquely implements the University’s broader “living laboratory” vision for the campus. The goals of our Eco-District extend beyond the promotion of sustainability; our vision is for University facilities and existing research groups to extend beyond their primary use to become more open, accessible and collaborative. Our design responds to the physical and ideological disconnect that South Campus experiences from the rest of UBC Vancouver. Our guiding principles are simple yet apparent in all design decisions; to (1) promote sustainable design and use of the lands, (2) prioritize multi-use spaces, and (3) bring a public face and pedestrian vibrancy to street frontages. South Campus is a 30 minute walk for most staff, students and faculty at UBC, and hence we do not endeavor to connect the two ‘campuses’, however, our goal is to create a complete community that fosters social and physical interaction. In addition, we have given South Campus an identity that is in support of the UBC brand - one which embraces innovation and is intensely collaborative. Our design is challenged by the idea of “Leaving Landscapes”, as prompted by John Madden (from C+CP). In the quest to transform South Campus, we have aimed to preserve, restore and regenerate the natural landscape whenever possible. Concept Plan 1 Executive Summary4 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Program DiagramThe conceptual design for Living Links’ design for South Campus stems from the strong spatial adjacency of the functional purpose of each precinct. The orientation of the functional programs create the most efficient use of space, allows for expansions of commercial and institutional use, and allows for easy connection to each precinct. 5GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Old SW Marine Dr.Wesbrook VillagePacific Spirit ParkUBC FarmRhododendron NurserySW Marine Dr. Fraser River0m 50m 100m6 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT South Campus PlanProposed development along Wesbrook Mall creates a new and vibrant street wall where Triumf, UBC Farm, the ponds, and other existing research facilities can display a public ‘face’. A central research hub and plaza create a focal point from which pedestrian paths radiate to principal facilities.Number Key1. New footpath and greenway2. Preserved forest, development re-located (see #7)3. UBC Farm, production fields4. Community garden plots5. Special events field6. New UBC composting facility with interpretive kiosk7. New residential development8. Existing building converted to research/academic housing and Triumf Hotel9. New ‘gateway’ bridge over collection ponds10. New rainwater retention ponds with naturalized and accessible edges11. Restored forest area and footpaths12. New UBC Farm market13. New UBC Farm research building14. New Triumf research/administration building (future expansion)15. Existing research ponds16. New conference centre with research facilities above17. New Triumf pedestrian/bike entry18. New district energy building with research facilities above19. Bus depot20. New greenway through Triumf21. Existing Triumf research building22. Existing medical research building23. Rainwater collection bioswales24. Existing timber warehouse converted to destination pub/restaurant/special event space25. New Public plaza26. New footpath and service lane27. Existing research building28. Existing library archives building29. Future library archives extension30. New ‘gateway’ round-about31. New pedestrian bridge and lookout over Wreck Beach and Fraser River32. Restored forest area (existing uses relocated)33. Ramp down to new parkade (main vehicle entry to Triumf)34. New Triumph ball court/recreation area7GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT LegendOld SW Marine Dr.Westbrook VillagePacific Spirit ParkUBC FarmRhododendron Nursery11223456789 10 111213 253314141414341615262223263228 292710303124251819 25 172021SW Marine Dr. Fraser RiverExisting building0m 50m 100mProposed Building8 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Less Green More GreenProposed DevelopmentThe goal of ‘Living Links’ is to create a well populated, centralized, and vibrant research community  Development of new research and office facilities along Wesbrook Mall will greatly increase the number of people working in South Campus.  This population will demand basic amenities, such as cafes, a restaurant, shops, and outdoor leisure spaces.  LegendExisting BuildingProposed BuildingRelated Goal: Increase Population DensityIndicator: Employee and resident densityMeasure: Number of people per square metreNote: 0.05 people/m2 is an average of the densities observed in several precedent buildings with programs similar to those envisioned for South Campus.  It is used to estimate population based on proposed floor areas.Floor Area (excluding Wesbrook Village):Existing:  55,000 m2New:   60,000 m2 (research, office, CRU)Total:   115,000 m2Existing Condition:Living Links Plan: 0.05 people / m20.008 people / m2Target: 0.05 people / m2  9GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Related Goal: Build Community CapacityIndicator: Community Garden PlotsMeasure: Number of community garden plots available to the publicRelated Goal: Local Amenities Close To JobsIndicator: Jobs located within a 5 min. walk of servicesMeasure: Percent of buildings containing jobs within 400 m of services (cafe, convenience store, ATM)Related Goal:  LEED Gold BuildingsNew buildings are restricted to 18m - 20m wide for daylight penetration and to encourage natural ventilation.Large East and West facing facades should be designed to include vertical exterior sun shades.Related Goal:  Create Vibrant Daytime CommunityMeasure: Employee DensityIndicator: At least 1800 additional people are required to support basic amenities.Existing: 450 people, supports 1 cafeNew: +/- 3000 people (0.05 x 60,000 m2)Total: +/- 3450 people, supports at least 2 cafes and 1 convenience store.  This, plus existing Wesbrook Village, supports an additional pub/restaurant.~20m~20m10 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Green Space SystemAll existing forested areas are preserved. By moving the existing waste management facilities into a proposed new complex, the south end of South Campus is also able to be reforested. These allow the east and west portions of SPRP to be better linked in a green system.LegendConiferous ForestReforested LandRelated Goal: Diverse and Resilient HabitatIndicator: Preservation of natural areaMeasure: Area of land that is preserved as natural area or reforested into greenspaceNote: Cultivated Green Space (parks, UBC Farm, etc.)Existing 141, m2Living Links Plan: 152,000 m211GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Roads and Greenways SystemLegendHaving most proposed new buildings sited along Westbrook Mall, these buildings transportation needs could likely be met. Having the major greenway crossing Westbrook Mall also helps indicate the entry point of the Eco-District, as well as making the greenway visible to public.Arterials RoadLocal RoadMajor GreenwayMinor GreenwayRelated Goal: Connected CommunityIndicator: 5 min walk to natureMeasure: Percentage of people that live or work within a 5 minute walk of a trail head in a natural areaAchieved metric through the addition of trails on the NW part of South CampusRelated Goal: Create a fine grain pedestrian and cycling networkIndicator: Intersection densityMeasure: Intersections per hectare (number of intersection divided by total study area)12 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Rainwater Management SystemLegendGreenroofs with rainwater harvesting capacity is proposed for all the proposed new buildings. This harvested rainwater could not only replace the use of potable water for irrigation and toilet flushing, but could also reduce the load of South Campus’s stormwater management system.Potential Rainwater Harvesting Roof AreaRelated Goal: Decrease the impact on the water shed Indicator: Amount of rainwater collectedMeasure: Percent of land allocated to green infrastructure (to capture runoff at 80% utilization)Note: 36,237 m2 of green roof infrastructure from all new developments and 25% of existing developments13GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Stormwater Management SystemLegendBased in the existing stormwater flow pattern, two new concentration areas of stormwater management detention/retention ponds are proposed. These stormwater management systems are also integrated into the greenways and serve as part of the entryway marking landscape.DitchesStorm mainsProposed Stormwater Retention/ Detention PondReference: GeoAdvice Engineering Inc. (2012) UBC Stormwater Collection System TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM 2 - DraftRelated Goal: Create a resilient watershedIndicator: Stormwater retention ponds to stand up to a 100 year stormMeasure: Volume of stormwater detention pondsNote: Plan includes a pond at SW Marine Drive (2500 cubic meters of storage: 3m deep with a 1200 m2 footprint) and smaller ponds (1500 cubic metres of storage north of Central Hub14 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT View SystemView corridors and viewing points are created with the proposed building arrangement. These view corridors will allow easy wayfinding and promote the publicity of on-site research facilities. Viewing points will serve as destination points, which in turn attracts more visitor to South Campus.LegendKey BuildingsView16 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - Central HubA new research hub and public plaza are central to this scheme. View corridors and pedestrian paths radiate from the hub, connecting it directly to primary research facilities. The plaza includes a bus depot, sunny and shaded seating areas, a large rainwater bioswale, and Newton’s apple trees.Number Key1. Existing research ponds2. Rentable research/office space3. Paved sidewalks4. Rainwater bioswales5. Commercial at grade, research above6. Conference space and cafe at grade, research above7. Triumf pedestrian/bike entry8. District energy plant and cafe at grade, research above9. Commercial at grade, ponds research above10. View corridor and access to ponds11. Feature rainwater bioswale12. Bus depot13. Public plaza and seating14. View corridor and access to Triumf entry15. Existing timber warehouse converted to pub/restaurant/special event space16. Footpath and service lane17. Newton’s apple trees, relocated1 2567889102AB333444441112131313131512 25 67894131516161717171714Wesbrook MallTriumfTriumf0m 10m 20m17GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - Central Hub - Aerial ViewAt the core of our design is a vibrant central hub featuring a public plaza, transit connections and services that residents, students and employees can share creating  a focal point from which pedestrian paths radiate to principal facilities.Number Key1. Existing timber warehouse converted to destination pub/restaurant/special event space2. Existing medical research building3. New district energy building with research facilities above4. New public plaza5. Bus depot6. Rooftop solar energy panels7. Existing research ponds8. New conference centre with research facilities above9. Rooftop garden10. New research facilities and office space11. New green roofs with rainwater harvesting capacity12. Business incubator retail space / office space25483171069111218 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - Central Hub - Eye level ViewBy removing the existing roundabout, traffic conditions for pedestrians and cyclists would be improved. Having the bus depot located next to the new plaza, the plaza space is also promised to be activated by transit users.Number Key1. New district energy building with research facilities above2. Existing timber warehouse converted to destination pub/restaurant/special event space3. Bus 41 at bus depot4. New research facilities and office space5. New public plaza6. Bus depot15623419GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - Building Edge Condition - Section ANew buildings at the Central Hub is visioned to have glass glazing facades to allow better indoor-outdoor visual permeability. Visitors on sidewalks and public plaza would be able to see the indoor conditions of research or energy reclaiming facilities, hence promoting South Campus’s identity as an Eco-District.ROAD WALK BIOSWALE SEAT SIDEWALKRESEARCH / ENERGY(1.5m)(2.0m)(5.0-6.0m)20 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - Central Hub - Section BA variety of spatial conditions are visioned at the Central Hub. These conditions range from open urban hardscape plaza with immediate transit access to tree-lined pedestrian walk way. The Central Hub also has multiple stormwater mitigation features to cleanse runoff on site.0m 5m 10m 25mPEDESTRIANWALK WAYRAINGARDENWESBROOK MALLBIOSWALEPLAZA ENERGY / RESEARCHBUSSTOPBUSSTOP21GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Number KeyZoom In - UBC Farm Market PlazaAs the new public face of UBC Farm, the plaza is flanked by a Farmer’s Market, facilities for farm research, and other commercial spaces, including a corner cafe. The plaza creates a visual connection from Wesbrook Mall to community garden plots and UBC Farm beyond. The plaza is pedestrian friendly and not open to through-vehicle traffic.1. Community garden plots2. Special events field3. UBC Farm Market4. UBC Farm research building5. Rentable research/office building6. Public farm market plaza and view corridor to UBC Farm (car-free, pedestrian and special event zone)7. Footpath and service lane8. Existing research ponds9. Cafe at grade with research above10. Ramp down to new parkadeWesbrook Rd.11223344566677885991010550m 10m 20mDC22 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - UBC Farm Market Plaza - Eye Level ViewThe Community Plaza serves as a view corridor linking Wesbrook Mall and the proposed community garden plots visually. While the Community Plaza is framed by the new UBC Farm Research Building and UBC Farm Market, it allows leaves spaces for pop-up stores or festivals to take place in the Plaza, further activating the plaza.Number Key1. UBC Farm Research Building 2. Pop-up Stores in Flexible Market Space 3. Community garden plots4. Community Plaza view and circulation corridor 5. Pop-up Stores in Flexible Market Space  6. UBC Farm Market 25431623GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Zoom In - UBC Farm Market Plaza - Section CZoom In - UBC Farm Market Plaza - Section D/PlanUBC Farm Market Plaza is visioned to be flanked by a line of trees in addition to the new UBC Farm Buildings in order to create a sense a direction through the view corridor. Rainwater harvesting system is also visioned along the Market Plaza.When no festival or pop-up stores are happening in the Market Plaza, the two sides of the Market Plaza could serve as informal social space for the community or research staffs. Trees and planting beds are also visioned in the Market Plaza to provide comfortable micro climate for its users.0m0m5m5m10m10m25m25mGARDENPLOT PATIO UBC FARM MARKET PARKINGMIxED-USE / COMMERCIAL RENTAL UNITSOPEN PLAZARAINWATERGREEN ROOFGREEN ROOFSOLAR PANELSPLANTING + SOCIAL SPACEMIxED-USE/ COMMERCIAL RENTAL UNITSALLéE MIxED-USE/ COMMERCIAL RENTAL UNITSMARKETPLAZAtop viewMIxED-USE/ COMMERCIAL RENTAL UNITSMIxED-USE/ COMMERCIAL RENTAL UNITS PLANTING + SOCIAL SPACE South Market + UBC Farm24 GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT There is no single formula for a successful community, but Living Links’ exploration of a potential Eco-District on South Campus brings to life a multitude of sustainability and place-making opportunities. Our design proposes significant changes to South Campus and provides opportunities to better conserve water, soil and energy, and transform an extant part of the campus into a complete community. The Living Links design serves only as a grand hypothesis, and as such, many additional investigations must be carried out to turn vision into reality. We propose the following action items to explore Living Links’ potential as an Eco-District for South CampusBuilding:  To establish a Program for South Campus development, UBC must:• Determine the market demand for rentable research and office space• Understand the future expansion needs of existing research facilities• Assess the long term viability of existing research facilities and• Determine the viability of repurposing existing buildings Biodiversity:  To establish a Biodiversity Plan for South Campus Development, UBC must:  • Develop a comprehensive database of all relevant existing South Campus-specific biodiversity research across different faculties and disciplines, highlighting identified action items and stakeholders. • Who: SEEDS project - to support the new Biodiversity Portal managed by the SEEDS Program • Undertake a full audit of South Campus to record current ecological features and wildlife and to identify measures required to support the protection of ecological features.• Who: An umbrella of Graduate Research Projects/ThesesNear Term Action Items25GROUP 2: LIVING LINKS / CHARRETTE FINAL REPORT Transportation: To achieve the goals and targets outlined by UBC Transportation Plan, UBC should: • Undertake a traffic study that considers increasing modal splits (percentage of auto traffic versus pedestrian, cycling and transit usage) over time to determine required road and intersection designs.• Explore the potential of a bike-sharing system on campus, especially along the development of greenways.• Assess the demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging stations on South Campus. Water: To establish a Water Management Strategy for South Campus development, that aligns with UBC Targets and Goals, UBC must:• Determine the viability of new infrastructure and systems for the treatment and collection of rainwater• Develop systems and policies that will increase stormwater detention and reduce the velocity of stormwater runoff• UBC and GVRD will need to jointly address slope stability and erosion issues on the south coastal edge  Waste: To achieve the UBC Zero Waste Target, the following actions and research directions are highly recommended during the planning of UBC South Campus: • Assess the logistical and financial viability of establishing a new Waste Facility (management and education) at South Campus• Plan for the use of reclaimed building materials during pre-design phrase• Assess the possibility of establishing a district wide underground waste transporting and collecting system at South Campus as a pilot project GROUP 3: PACIFIC RESEARCH DISTRICTAbdulrahman Refaei, Erin Boa-Brown, Jim Dema-ala, Julia Lorimer, Qin Yin, Samaneh GharehdaghiSCHOOL OFARCHITECTURE + LANDSCAPEARCHITECTUREThe Pacific Research District scheme aims to accommodate UBC’s vision to bring a world class academic hub to south campus while providing amenity rich spaces that serve proposed and existing infrastructure. The scheme illustrates strategies of bringing new infrastructure dedicated to academic use, expanding the TRIUMF office spaces, and introducing a synergized district energy system.Our team has developed a list of design and guiding principles that act as the overarching objectives for our scheme, and these are:1. Create a defined research hub in South Campus.2. Improve overall connectivity to our study site.3. Develop an interconnected district energy system for South Campus.4. Introduce and enhance existing habitat and biodiversity types.5. Use water as a public activation tool.Executive SummaryOVERVIEWOVERVIEWUBC Pacific Research District PlanBlue + Solar Roof Pilot Project Precedenting Ayo Smart Home ProjectUBC South Gateway Construction of gateway design featuring stormwater detentionSERF+ Pilot Project  Temporary location near South Campus Warehouse. It may be in a shipping container or in the existing building.C18/C20 Route Extension Community Shuttles extending services south of Wesbrook Mall upto the roundabout near TRIUMF Centre stop.Near Term Action ItemsOVERVIEWOVERVIEWRESEARCH HUBResearch HubThe research hub brings together higher density academic building dedicated to accommodate UBC’s administration services and diverse faculties. These faculties would utilize the farm land for research and attract a population of researchers and atudent in South campus. The research hub also includes transient housing to host PhD students and researchers within the district. A proposed community centre offers recreation rooms and a gym for surrounding employees of the district and TRIUMF, along with a cafe in close proximity to the bus stops. Overall this research district furthers UBCs commitment to bringing world standard academic buildings to the campus and the learning experience while providing a variety of public amenities to the surrounding employees.LegendExisting BuildingsAcademic BuildingsResidential BuildingsCommercialIndustrialZoom Study - Research HubNot to ScaleTRIUMFTRIUMFTRIUMFTRIUMFSC WarehouseSERF+CommunityCentreUBCUBCUBCFacultyBuildingLecture HallsExhibit HallResearchCentreTransient Housing +MarketplaceRESEARCH HUBShort Term Residence Building, Weekend Farm Market and Research PondsTotal PeopleUBC Offices + FacultyTRIUMF OfficesTransient HousingConvention SpaceCommunity CentreRetail2,44935,450m210,200m24,950m23,000m22,240m2450m2Preserved some of the research ponds for recreational use within an open plaza.Introduced a variety of buildings types for research use by UBC Proposed a community centre surrounded with small retail/food stores to provide amenities for employeesRESEARCH HUBSection Diagram: Modified Research PondsOutdoor SeatingConnection to GreenwayShallow water featurepreserving the ponds’ appearanceStormwater storage:covered to prevent contaminationRESEARCH HUBLongitudinal Section - Research Hub / Wesbrook MallPerspective - Triumf Office Building 1 & 2Proposed 4 new office buildings as part of the extension adjacent to the roadSOUTH GATEWAYSouth GatewayThe focus for the new Southern Gateway was to define a new entrance to South Campus but also to detain 2500m³ of stormwater in the event of a 1:100 year flood. As depicted in the diagram, four areas of detention accommodate this volume of stormwater but are primarily dry ponds or sunken vegetated areas. To aid with the conveyance of water from the north, a swale runs along the road creating a more pleasant experience for pedestrians. Behind the entrance sign, a pathway allows for direct access to the bus stop as well as to give nearby workers a place to go sit and rest in the forest. LegendExisting BuildingsStormwaterTreesForestZoom Study - South GatewayNot to ScaleSOUTH GATEWAYNew UBC name marker propped on top of the water detention pondStormwaterDetention PondSwale and TrailUBC MarkerEnhanced Tree BufferExisting buffer forestSection Diagram - UBC Marker and Detention PondSection - Wesbrook Mall and Swales facing southSOUTH GATEWAYPerspective - Marine Drive corner Wesbrook MallDetention Pondwith UBC Signage,Lighting and PlantingSecond Detention PondSW Marine DriveWesbrook MallSOUTH GATEWAY Section - SW Marine Drive facing southeastCrowned Road550m3550m3550m3850m3BIODIVERSITYBiodiversityAs shown two parallel streams have been defined to achieve the biodiversity enhancement:The first is for introducing new habitat types including old field for green roofs,The second is focused on enhancing the amount of existing habitat types like mixed forest and deciduous forest for swales and green corridors.LegendGreen CorridorGreen RoofSwalesTreesBIODIVERSITYGreen RoofGreenwaySwalesTRANSPORTATION WATERLegendTransportationTo improve connectivity, the community shuttle bus route was proposed to extend to the TRIUMF area, providing better access to the north campus for people in south area. Also, the greenway system was suggested to continue in south campus. One was designed to go along the boundary between UBC farm and the new proposed hub area, promoting a connection to South Marine Drive area which is close to the seaside. Other greenways were designed to go across the TRIUMF center and connect the Pacific Spirit Regional Park. A service road was considered to loop around the compost building.49494141C18/C20C18/C20C18/C20Community Shuttle (existing)GreenwayCommunity Shuttle ExtensionSecondary RoadBus LineProposed Roadway LoopTRANSPORTATION WATERWaterWith the capacity of the research ponds, our design allows for the storage of rainwater collected from the roofs of our proposed buildings which could be reused by washroom facilities, drip irrigation systems, process cooling in labs and showers if the water is cleaned through uv filters. By replacing these potable water uses with rainwater, we would reduce potable water consumption by about 69%. Based on estimates from the water team’s research, we estimate that we meet the 80% utilization ratio for rainwater or stormwater as our blue infrastructure covers over 5% of our newly developed site.LegendFlood ZonesSubsurface PipesSwalesBlue RoofWater Detention AreasDetention Ponds,Cisterns and Water FeatureDry PondsOutfallSedimentationPondBlueRoofENERGY AND WASTELegendEnergy and WasteThe research hub will be a part of the Neighbourhood District Energy System. These buildings will benefit from the heat energy provided by the TRIUMF cooling towers and waste infrastructures, as well as return the waste heat to the district energy centre to be re-utilized.In response to UBC’s ‘Zero Waste Action Plan’ this proposal integrates two main strategies:1. Renovate the South Campus Warehouse to provide a public surplus store.2.  Install a small-scale anaerobic biodigester (adjacent to the existing composting system) to facilitate new research opportunitiesElectricty / Hydro LineWaste FacilitiesSolar RoofDistrict EnergyElectricSubstationDistrict Energy CentreIncineratorBiodigesterENERGY AND WASTEPerspective - District Energy CentreSection Diagram - Solar + Blue RoofRainwaterPV PanelsTRIUMF Cooling TowerElectricity SubstationBiodigester & IncineratorBlue Roof Infrastructure   This page is intentionally left blankGroup 4 RECONNECTEDCollaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCAlexandra Scott, Ee Jay Loo, Glen Chua, Jaclyn Simon, Jiaxi XieCharrette Conducted July 12-13 & 19-20, 2017ENDS 482T/LARC 582T Design CharretteReconnected is a design proposal that envisions a vibrant, green South Campus. The “R” in its name represents the design’s emphasis on (i) research facilities, (ii) recycling and (iii) rainwater reuse, while the “eco” reflects the creation of an eco-district. In addition, the design emphasizes connectivity for sustainable transportation modes within UBC South Campus.The design principles for this proposal are as follows:• Encourage walking and cycling through greater greenway and street network permeability• Increase biodiversity• Create a vibrant public realm• Celebrate and make visible recycling processes• Increase activity and awareness of UBC Farm and TRIUMFThe key design interventions of the proposal are summarized below:• Development of a comprehensive greenway network to enhance connectivity to UBC Main Campus and Pacific Spirit Regional Park trails• The creation of quality habitat through devoting area to natural spaces.In addition to maintaining most of the coniferous forest on site, the design proposes creating mixedwood forest, meadow, and old field habitat to enhance biodiversity.  • An expansion of TRIUMF that includes relocating the administrative facilities, adding a new physics building, and building a district energy plant.  The new administrative building would be integrated with new amenities, a bike sharing station, and a public plaza. Built in place of the relocated TRIUMF administrative building, the district energy plant will recover waste heat energy from the TRIUMF Particle and Nuclear Physics Laboratory facility in South Campus to provide thermal energy for surrounding buildings.• Development of the Commons to provide a mix of temporary accommodation for visiting researchers, student accommodation and street-oriented retail. Rainwater is captured from the roof and would flow down the columns. Captured rainwater from TRIUMF commons is transported for treatment and then stored in the existing research ponds to be adapted for this purpose. The stored water is recirculated back to the commons for usage, while excess water is transported to the detention pond at the South Campus entrance gateway through a network of bioswales.• A new facility with shared research spaces located opposite Nobel Park hat will accommodate future demand for research space on campus, as well as expand South Campus’s identity as a research hub at UBC.• Expansion and landscaping of the existing sedimentation pond near the Powerline Trail head that will function as a detention pond within the new stormwater management network, a habitat area, and an attractive landscape feature. The pond would provide wetland habitat for native species.• The relocation of the warehouse to the south-east portion of South Campus. Natural area will be restored in its place that will also provide space for forestry research purposes.• A Recycling facility and Scuplture Garden to celebrate recycling and facilitate the reuse of waste materials from campus. The building would include a store where used items from campus could be sold instead of ending up in a landfill. The park will merge green space with art and celebrate the acts of reuse and recycling, thereby inspiring users about the possibilities of waste.Reconnected Concept SummaryWithin the next 5 years, UBC could implement a few design elements, as well as conduct research on the feasibility of the larger projects that have been proposed.  The design elements that could begin construction in the shorter term are:• South Campus entrance gateway at SW Marine Drive• Relocation of UBC Farm’s Farmers Market • Sculpture Garden near the PARC Library - parts of the Sculpture Garden could be construction. The full completion will only be completed when the Plant Operations Nursery moves out of its current site. • Parts of the greenway network, such as the sections near the UBC Farm and the Sculpture Garden.  Future potential SEEDS research projects include:• Reuse of waste materials to create sculptures• Feasibility study on the rainwater harvesting system proposed for the TRIUMF Commons; and • Feasibility study of a potential recycle centre and store on campus.Near Term Action Items• A Sculpture trail leading from Wesbrook Mall to sculpture garden to draw people to the sculpture garden• A new entrance gateway at SW Marine Drive too enliven the entrance to South Campus• The relocation of UBC Farm’s Farmers Market next to Nobel Parkto facilitate a stronger connection with the community.  The space would include hardscape and softscape elements, and permanent stall structures.In terms of vehicular parking, the area of South Campus south of Westbrook Place will be primarily served by a new public parkade co-located with the new shared research facility. This parkade will also have secure bike parking that is conveniently accessible from the greenway. Some vehicular parking will also be provided at the district energy system building for TRIUMF staff. In addition, Wesbrook Mall will continue to have some on-street parking.A new local street will connect to Wesbrook Mall between the National Research Council building and the forestry research space. This would allow maintenance operation vehicles and waste collection trucks to bypass the more active spaces nearer the roundabout. In addition, lane access is provided from the roundabout to address loading and servicing needs for the TRIUMF commons, water treatment plant, rhododendron nursery and potentially UBC Farm.Concept PlanFocussing on south-South Campus, the Reconnected plan shows the overall vision for the new Eco-District, including greenways, new buildings, public space, and natural areas.Cuts for the section drawings on the last pages are shown here.LegendHabitat HubThe Habitat Hub is the interface between Pacific Spirit Park, TRIUMF, Wesbrook Mall, and proposed greenways.  It proposes a public plaza, habitat spaces, and a detention pond to increase biodiversity and help create a vibrant public realm.SW Marine EntranceTo enliven the entrance to South Campus, a gateway comprising a detention pond, an entrance sign, and a pollinator garden is envisioned.Districts BuildingsSpatial programming would be clustered into 5 major districts that contain buildings and public spaces of similar uses.LegendThis diagram shows the proposed changes made to buildings on south-South Campus.TRIUMFUBC FarmGreen AcademicLibrary + Recycle ParkSpecialized                ResearchExisting BuildingNew Building Demolished BuildingRoadsTransportation StormwaterLegend LegendThis diagram shows the proposed and existing transportation network on South Campus, and how the collector roads and greenways connect across 16th Ave. to North Campus. The variety of routes creates a fi ne-grained, walkable area.This diagram illustrates the proposed stormwater management network on south-South campus, and how the Commons connects to the water treatment facilities located in the old research ponds.GreenwayArterial Road Collector RoadLocal RoadTrail Connections to PSRPCommons BuildingStorageWater TreatmentGrey waterReclaimed waterDetention PondExcess water in bioswaleWater FeatureRoadDirection of FlowGreen Space Intersection DensityEvaluated on the amount of natural area, the design achieves a fi gure of 63%, which exceeds the 55% target.  This was achieved by preserving coniferous forest, clustering buildings and programs, and creating new habitat areas.LegendA higher value refl ects a more walkable, fi ne grained street network. In the proposed design, the intersections per hectare is 0.61, exceeding the target of 0.53 intersections/ha target corresponding to the LEED for Neighbourhood Development prerequisite standard.LegendConiferous ForestMixed Wood ForestParkMeadow/Old FieldMetric: Amount of Natural AreaGoal: 55%Actual: 63% of south-South CampusMetric: Intersection DensityGoal: 0.53 intersections/HaActual: 0.61 intersections/HaGreenwayArterial Road Collector RoadLocal RoadTrail Connections to PSRPIntersectionPowerline TrailLong TrailImperial TrailSW Marine TrailFarmer’s MarketSculpture GardenThe new Farmer’s Market is envisioned as having community garden plots, market stalls, shade structures, and spaces for people to sit and enjoy their food.The Sculpture Garden and Recycling Facility would celebrate waste on campus. Master of Fine Arts students and community members could be commissioned to build the sculptures out of waste materials.IntersectionA1A Southwest Marine Drive Sidewalk Pollinator Garden ForestedBoardwalk Detention PondTrail Sidewalk Wesbrook Mall SidewalkBB1SW Marine EntranceSectionsGreenway SectionThese drawings describe the SW Marine entrance in section view.This drawing describes the Habitat Hub in section view.  It also illustrates what a typical greenway in this scheme would look like.BioswaleBioswale GreenwayTrail Trail MeadowDetention PondC1CCommon PerspectiveThe building will include residential and street-oriented amenities. Using the concepts of modular curved roof and gravity, rainwater is captured and would fl ow down the columns.Bridges between the columns allow people to experience the sound effects of fl owing water.Commons Section LegendMix-usedResidentialRainwaterTo Water TreatmentPlant4m3m3m3m3mHeight ofeach storey*Mix-usedResidentialRainwaterTo Water TreatmentPlantMix-usedResidentialRainwaterTo Water TreatmentPlantBlankAppendix 1 : Detail ScheduleDuring day 1 students had the opportunity to meet with Campus and Community Planning and other invited experts who were able to answer questions and inform the students about considerations for the site.Appendix 1 : Detail ScheduleOn day 2 students were starting to understand which directions their designs were going and what was im-portant to them. They were required to start producing deliverables for the end-of-day discussion. In between day 2 and 3 students were required to meet to see if their designs were meeting the targets that they laid out before the charrette.Appendix 1 : Detail ScheduleOn day 3 stakeholders were invited to give thoughts and suggestions about the design decisions. Students also continued to develop their metrics and start working at a more detailed scale during the later portion of the day.Appendix 1 : Detail ScheduleDay 4 was the last day of the charrette where teams finalized their design schemes and worked towards pro-ducing work for the public presentations. The room arrangement for the final public presentations on July the 20th.The room arrangement for July the 12th, 13th, 19th, and 20th.Appendix 2 : Floor PlansAppendix 3 : References American Institute of Architects. 2004. R/UDAT Planning Your Community’s Future, A guide to the Rural/Urban Design Assistance Team Program, Washington DC: American Institute of Architects. See also https://www.aia. org/pages/2896-regionalurban-design-assistance-team-program-Arnstein, Sherry, (1969) A Ladder Of Citizen Participation, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35:4,216-224. Canada Mortgage and Housing, Sustainable Community Planning and Development: Design Charrette Plan-ning Guide, Research Highlight, June 2002. Condon, Patrick M., Design Charrettes for Sustainable Communities, Washington DC: Island Press. 2008. ( 1 copy on reserve at Ike Barber Library, 1 copy in room 279 Macmillan, and available at the Vancouver Public Library)Girling, Cynthia, Ronald Kellett, Shana Johnstone, (2006) Informing Design Charrettes: Tools for participation in neighbourhood-scale planning, The Integrated Assessment Journal, Vol. 6, lss. 4 (2006), Pp. 109-130 Girling, Cynthia, Maged Senbel, Ronald Kellett, Effects of visualizations and information rich public engage-ment in planning for energy and emissions, Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 140-158. Summer, 2016.Innes, Judith E. & David E. Booher (2004) Reframing public participation: strategies for the 21st century, Plan-ning Theory & Practice, 5:4, 419-436.Lennertz, B., & Lutzenhiser, A. (2014). The charrette handbook. The essential guide for accelerated collabo-rative community planning. Second Edition. Chicago: The American Planning Association. (On reserve at Ike Barber Library)Roggema, Rob, ed., The Design Charrette: Ways to envision sustainable futures, Dordrecht: Springer, 2014 (UBC Library has an ebook)Senbel, Maged and Sarah P. Church, (2011) Design Empowerment: The Limits of Accessible Visualization Media in Neighborhood Densification, Journal of Planning Education and Research 2011 31: 423RELEVANT WEBSITESNational Charrette Institute http://charretteinstitute.org/UBC Design Centre for Sustainability (Patrick Condon’s work) http://dcs-jtc-charrettes.sala.ubc.ca/1 DESIGN BRIEFCollaborative Design of an Eco-District on South Campus, UBCJuly 12-13 & 19-20, 2017School of Architecture and Landscape ArchitectureDesign Brief | Table of Contents + IntroductionIntroductionAgendaPrimer on: Land + Biodiversity Water Energy and Carbon Materials + Waste Transportation + Infrastructure Buildings + Public Realm... 3... 6... ... ... ... ... ... Table of Contents3 A design charrette is:“a time-limited, multi-party design event organized to generate a collaboratively produced plan....” Patrick Condon in Condon, Design Charrettes for Sustainable Communities, 2008, Page 1.“an accelerated, collaborative, design-based process that harnesses the talents and energies of all interested stakeholders to create and support a feasible plan.”National Charrette Institute, charretteinstitute.org/aboutThis design charrette is intended to be a visioning exercise, which imagines UBC South Campus as an eco-district in the future. Inspired by UBC Okanagan’s Whole Systems Infrastructure Plan, we are proposing that the South Campus area should be planned using whole systems thinking. The term eco-district is a neologism for ecological district, referring to concepts of neighbourhood or district scale sustainability. “EcoDistricts are neighbourhoods or districts where neighbours, community institutions and businesses join with city leaders and utility providers to meet ambitious sustainability goals and co-develop innovative district-scale projects.” Canada Green Building CouncilOver the four days of this design charrette, we will study the future of South Campus at two scales: The entire South Campus area, south of 16th avenue and including Wesbrook Place, The UBC Farm, other green academic areas and the research triangle at the southern tip. The second scale is the research triangle itself, currently home to TRIUMF, the National Research Council of Canada, Centre for Comparative Medicine, the UBC Library PARC (preservation and archives facility), campus operations facilities such as composting, material recovery, and the campus nursery. Pacific Spirit Regional Park forms the eastern boundary.The future plans for an eco-district include TRIUMF expansion, a district energy plant, new research facilities and additional services, all forming a new type of hub on South Campus. We will also consider the desired South gateway to campus and a new centre for waste reuse, recycling and re-purposing. Included in this Design Brief are a series of six summaries of background research conducted by the students on the topics of: land and biodiversity; water; energy and carbon; materials and waste; transportation and infrastructure; green buildings and place.Acknowledgements:We thank the UBC staff who have assisted us with this project: Catherine Alkenbrack, Doug Doyle, Krista Falkner, Bud Fraser, Dean Gregory, Scot Hein, Orion Henderson, John Madden, Joanne Proft, Liska Richer, Ralph Wells.COLLABORATIVE DESIGN OF AN ECO-DISTRICT ON UBC SOUTH CAMPUSA SEEDS Project in collaboration with UBC Campus and Community PlanningDesign Brief |A visioning exercise: design UBC South Campus as a future eco-districtTHE PROGRAM:South campus gatewayTRIUMF expansiona district energy plantnew research facilitiesmore services possibly structured parkingIDEAS:a new type of hub on South Campusa new centre for waste reuse, recycling and re-purposingemploy water harvesting and re-usegenerate renewable energy improve active transportation5 Ideas about the future of the TRIUMF campus. Sketches from a design charrette conducted in Spring 2017. UBC Campus and Community Planning.7 Design Charrette AgendaDAY 1 - July 12 DAY 2 - July 13 DAY 3 - July 19 DAY 4 - July 20  Overview   Facilitator Meet + display work   Team Meeting   Discussion   Introduction to Methods  Overview for Stakeholders  Prepare Presentation  Debrief   mid-point presentation   Debrief discussion5:00Design Charrette Schedule  Consolodate work  Lunch   Lunch  Design with advising  Design Refine Designs and metrics   Refine Design  Team discussion  Lunch   Lunch  Presentations9:0010:0011:0012:00Consult with stakeholders and refine Design  Finalize Design  Public Presentations1:002:003:004:00  Brainstorm and drawDesign Brief | Primer on Land + BiodiversityPrimer on Land + Biodiversity9 Design Brief | Primer on WaterPrimer on Water11 Design Brief | Primer on Energy + CarbonPrimer on Energy + Carbon13 The Design Charrette: Collaborative Design of an Eco-District at UBCJuly 12-13 & 19-20, 20171 of 2Policy Overview• The university of british columbia holds high values in relation to sustainability and is striving to become a zero waste campus• A Zero Waste Action Plan was developed in 2014, that set an upcoming target to divert 80% of waste from the landfill by 2020• UBC currently diverts 67% of all campus waste from the landfill - latest data from 2015/2016 fails to meet its 2016 target of 70% diversionMain waste streams at UBC• Compostables such as food and yard waste are processed at UBC’s composting facility located on south campus. Compost produced is then used in gardens around campus.• Recycling such as mixed paper, recyclable containers, and cardboard are sent to the Vancouver Transfer Station.• Reusables such as unwanted furniture and office supplies are posted on the re-useit! UBC website. Unwated reusables or those that do not make it on the website are sent to the landfill or recycling.• Landfill garbage including all unrecyclables are sent to the Vancouer Transfer Station off campus.• Construction/Building waste is either recycled and reused in other projects or sent to the landfill.• Electronic waste (E-waste) is sent to the University Services Building on the main campus. From there it is sent to external recycling facilities where materials are reclaimed.Guiding Principles• Work towards becoming a zero waste campus.• Celebrate and make visible the recycling and reusing processes.• Create an innovative and inspiring recycling and reuse center that acts as a living lab and educational facility.• Use unrecyclable waste to generate electricity on campus.• Design principles:   Waste management hierarchy http://consult.torridge.gov.uk/events/18097/popimage_d31379e8718.htmlReusables Picture: Ayishah ChuiUnwanted furniture and materials are often piled in common areas appearing unsightly.Materials and Waste - Cheat Sheet• Design buildings for user and operational convenience to encourage recycling, proper waste management practices and monitoring• Design future infrastructure to enable materials to be reused or easily disassembled at the end of their life cycle on campus• Provide space for temporary storage of reusable campus itemsThe Design Charrette: Collaborative Design of an Eco-District at UBCJuly 12-13 & 19-20, 20172 of 2Related Goal:How do we estimate this indicator?Unit of MeasurementIndicator: Waste diverted from landfilllLion’s Park Playscape, Greensboro, ALA playspace constructed of 2000 recycled 55-gallon drums (recycled mint oil barrels). Lion’s Park celebrates the spirit of recycling, creating a unique experience for children to play and explore. Part of Auburn University’s Rural Studio, the playscape is part of efforts to revitalize Lion’s Park in Greensboro. The project reconsiders the concept of waste. What materials can we reclaim and reimagine into new purposes?BRING Recycling Store, Eugene, ORAn organization in Oregon is working towards making recycling more accessible and enjoyable for the public. Everything from household items to bicycles are brought to the recycling center for a fee and cleaned up by staff. They are then organized in a convenient way for other consumers to use. BRING places emphasis on artistic approaches to re-purposing waste hoping to change attitudes and behaviors concerning waste for the better.This indicator can be estimated through tracking the tons of waste diverted from the landfill in each indivudal waste streams. Percentage of waste diverted from landfillTARGET & Existing ConditionUBC2016 Goal70% diversionUBC2020 Goal80% diversion2015-16 Data67% diversionCity of Vancouver2040 Goal100% diversionDesign Brief | Primer on Transportation + InfrastructurePrimer on Transportation + Infrastructure17 The	Design	Charrette:	Collaborative	Design	of	an	Eco-District	at	UBC July	12-13	&	19-20,	2017	 	Place:	Buildings	and	Public	Realm	-	Cheat	Sheet        Guiding Design Principles 1. Introduce an anchor building to the site that attracts people and circulation to the south campus 2. Include amenities (food, retail, gym) within a 5 minute walk from research/institutional buildings and employment hubs. 3. Connect triumf and the southern buildings to the existing residential infrastructure to create a complete neighbourhood and provide opportunities to live next to work. 4. Sustainable Building design: Take advantage of natural systems and building orientation/massing to reduce energy demands and increase operating efficiency.  Building Performance Goals • All new buildings to be LEED Gold certified • Reduce energy consumed by electric lighting • Reduce energy consumed by mechanical cooling/heating • Reduce energy consumed by mechanical ventilation  Building Orientation • Ideal:  East/West axis longer than North/South • Ideal:  Long axis within 15º of East/West • Increase exposure to useful South/North daylight • Decrease exposure to East/West glare and heat gain  Building Proportions • Narrow floor plates increase access to natural daylighting • Narrow floorplates increase access to natural ventilation  Precedent 1:  Bullitt Centre • 4,800m2 • 500 - 600 occupants • 6 storeys, mixed use:   • Commercial on first and second floor • Institutional offices on third to sixth floor • World’s largest certified commercial Living Building  Precedent 2:  NRB, Harvard University • 48,800 m2 • 800 researchers and many more graduate students, lab assistants, and staff • 4 storey podium, 10 storey tower • Medical research The	Design	Charrette:	Collaborative	Design	of	an	Eco-District	at	UBC July	12-13	&	19-20,	2017	 • Low-rise / low density• Large footprints• Few amenities within 5min walkTriumf (0.019 people/m2) Current South Campus• 0.012 people/m2• 787 approximate total workers population• Mid rise / high rise / high density• Reduced footprints• All amenities within 5min walkBullitt Centre (0.14 people/m2) In order to add a corner store• 0.05 people/m2• 1013 more people needed• 20,260 m2 gross floor area to addHow do we estimate this indicator? According to the metrics from Sustainable Urbanism by Douglas Farr, the current density of South campus needs to be increased to 1800 people in order to support a convenient store. We estimated the area of 20,260 m2 to be added from the average density of the precedents. Precedents  Density Gross Floor Area Gates Foundation       0.04 people/ m2 83,612 m2 UBC Brain Research Center       0.03 people/ m2 13,861 m2 Bullitt Centre       0.14 people/ m2 4,830 m2 UBC Ponderosa Commons        0.02 people/ m2 55,300 m2 New Research Building at Harvard 0.02 people/ m2 48,800 m2	 :  

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