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Chancellor Blvd/ East Mall/ N. W. Marine Dr. Intersection Redesign : Detailed Design Report Philip, Nicole; Lari, Farindokht; Piva, Lindsay; McIlwain, Sam; Yu, Jason; Flack, Curtis Apr 8, 2016

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 UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student ReportChancellor Blvd/ East Mall/ NW Marine Dr Intersection RedesignCurtis Flack, Farindokht Lari, Jason Yu, Lindsay Piva, Nicole Philip, Sam McIlwain University of British ColumbiaCIVL 446April 08, 201614792040 Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS Program provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or a SEEDS team representative about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report”.!!!!! !Chancellor Blvd/ East Mall/ NW Marine Dr Intersection Redesign   !! !!!!bbb!!!Report prepared for the UBC SEEDS Program Detailed Design Report 2345 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 T: (604) 778-1234 | F: (604) 778-4321 | W: redfishbluefishltd.com !TEAM 1 Nicole Philip Farindokht Lari Lindsay Piva Sam McIlwain Jason Yu Curtis Flack!!1!EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Red!Fish!Blue!Fish!Consulting!(RB!Consulting)!was!retained!by!UBC!SEEDS!to!undertake!the!detailed!design!of!the!intersection!at!Chancellor!Boulevard!and!East!Mall.!Expectations!for!the!redesigned!intersection!included:!improved!safety!and!accessibility!for!all!users,!it!would!act!as!a!gateway!to!UBC,!accommodation!of!growth,!and!a!focus!on!sustainability.!It!is!assumed!that!the!reader!has!access!to!past!reports!completed!by!RB!Consulting!related!to!this!intersection.!Enclosed!are!the!final!detailed!drawings,!along!with!all!key!information!about!the!design.!The!design!consists!of!a!singleRlane!roundabout!with!a!separated!bike!lane,!rain!gardens!in!the!medians!for!runoff!catchment,!and!a!glued!laminated!timber!(glulam)!Welcome!Archway!spanning!the!West!entrance!of!Marine!Drive.!The!consulting!team!has!completed!a!detailed!economic!analysis!of!the!project!in!order!to!provide!a!cost!estimate!of!$1.1!million!and!an!expected!contractor!schedule!of!two!and!a!half!months.!!The!angled!orientation!of!the!intersection!will!reduce!vehicle!speeds,!and!the!probability!of!collisions!by!having!fewer!conflict!points!than!the!existing!or!possible!signalized!layouts.!With!a!separated!bike!lane!and!simplified!crosswalks,!this!intersection!will!encourage!sustainable!travel!modes!and!also!increase!safety!for!those!users.!Emissions!and!noise!will!be!reduced!by!the!new!intersection!from!minimal!idle!times,!enhancing!sustainability!and!the!local!community.!Furthermore,!the!footprint!of!the!intersection!reduces!the!overall!impervious!surface,!while!the!rain!gardens!are!designed!to!capture!all!of!the!remaining!runoff!from!the!intersection.!Lastly,!the!Welcome!Arch!will!highlight!sustainability!with!locallyRsourced,!environmentallyRfriendly!glulam!material,!and!includes!additional!features!that!support!the!local!animal!habitat.!Prior!construction!at!the!intersection!the!following!need!to!be!provided!to!confirm!design!assumptions:!geotechnical!report,!survey!data,!and!exact!underground!utility!locations.!! !!2!TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST!OF!ILLUSTRATIONS! ___________________________________________________!4!1.0! INTRODUCTION! _____________________________________________________!5!2.0! KEY!COMPONENTS!OF!DESIGN!________________________________________!6!2.1.! SINGLE!LANE!ROUNDABOUT!__________________________________________!6!2.1.1.! TRAFFIC!VOLUMES!_______________________________________________!6!2.1.2.! GEOMETRY! _____________________________________________________!7!2.1.3.! SIGNAGE!________________________________________________________!7!2.1.4.! GRADING! _______________________________________________________!8!2.1.5.!!!!!!MATERIALS! _____________________________________________________!8!2.2.! STORMWATER!MANAGEMENT!_________________________________________!9!2.2.1.! EXISTING!CONDITIONS!____________________________________________!9!2.2.2.! RAIN!GARDEN!DESIGN!____________________________________________!9!2.2.3.! SELECTED!NATIVE!SPECIES!______________________________________!10!2.2.4.! CONNECTION!TO!EXISTING!INFRASTRUCTURE!______________________!10!2.2.5.! MAINTENANCE!REQUIREMENTS!___________________________________!10!2.3.! PROTECTED!CYCLING!PATH!__________________________________________!11!2.3.1.! ADDITIONAL!SAFETY!BENEFITS!___________________________________!11!2.3.2.! MAINTENANCE!REQUIREMENTS!___________________________________!11!2.4.! STRUCTURAL!PLANNING!_____________________________________________!12!2.4.1.! SUPERSTRUCTURE! _____________________________________________!12!!3!2.4.2.! SUBSTRUCTURE!________________________________________________!13!2.4.3.! STRUCTURAL!ANALYSIS!__________________________________________!13!2.4.4.! MATERIALS!AND!MAINTENANCE!REQUIREMENTS!____________________!14!2.4.5.! ARCH!INSTALLATION!_____________________________________________!14!3.0! SUSTAINABILITY!____________________________________________________!15!3.1.1.! METRICS!_______________________________________________________!15!3.1.2.! ARCHWAY!ENHANCEMENTS!______________________________________!15!4.0! CONSTRUCTION!PHASING!___________________________________________!17!5.0! ECONOMIC!ANALYSIS!_______________________________________________!18!6.0! STANDARDS!AND!SOFTWARE! ________________________________________!19!APPENDIX!A!–!REFERENCES!_______________________________________________!20!APPENDIX!B!R!SAMPLE!CALCULATIONS!______________________________________!21!APPENDIX!C!–!ROUNDABOUT!DRAWINGS!____________________________________!31!APPENDIX!D!–!WELCOME!ARCHWAY!STRUCTURAL!DRAWINGS!_________________!39!APPENDIX!E!R!CONSTRUCTION!SCHEDULE! __________________________________!44!APPENDIX!F!–!COST!ESTIMATE! ____________________________________________!45!!! !!4!LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Table!1:!Member!Contributions!__________________________________________________!5!Figure!1:!Overview!of!Key!Design!Components!_____________________________________!6!Table!2:!Path!Use!Statistics!____________________________________________________!11!Figure!2:!Cyclist!Preferences! __________________________________________________!11!Table!3:!Footing!Specifications!_________________________________________________!13!Figure!3:!Sustainability!Metrics!_________________________________________________!15!Figure!4:!Sustainable!Enhancements!to!Welcome!Archway!___________________________!16!Table!4:!Sustainable!Product!Breakdown!_________________________________________!16!Figure!5:!Construction!Phasing!_________________________________________________!17!Table!5:!Cost!Breakdown!______________________________________________________!18!Table!6:!Standards!and!Software!Breakdown!______________________________________!19!  !5!1.0! INTRODUCTION The!purpose!of!this!report!is!to!summarize!the!design!components!of!the!proposed!single!lane!roundabout.!The!main!components!include!a!description!of!the!geometry!of!the!roundabout!based!on!traffic!analysis,!stormwater!management,!the!protected!cycling!path!and!gateway!features.!Each!section!includes!design!inputs,!considerations!and!standards!used.!Lastly,!a!detailed!cost!estimate!is!provided.!The!following!is!a!summary!table!indicating!each!member's!contributions!to!the!various!tasks!as!relevant!to!the!development!of!the!report.!Table!1:!Member!Contributions!Section! Main!Contributor!Secondary!Contributor!Main!Reviewer!Executive!Summary! All! R! Sam!Introduction! Nicole! Lindsay! All!Key!Components!of!Design! R! R! R!"! Single!Lane!Roundabout!Curtis! R! Nicole!"! Stormwater!Management!Nicole! R! Jason!"! Protected!Cycling!Path! Jason! R! Sam!"! Structural!Planning! Sam/Lindsay! Farin! Farin!Sustainability! Lindsay! R! Farin!Construction!Phasing! Farin! Nicole! Curtis!Economic!Analysis! Sam! Curtis! Lindsay!Standards!&!Software! As!per!sections! R! All!Appendices! As!per!sections! R! All!! !!6!2.0! KEY COMPONENTS OF DESIGN This!section!provides!an!inRdepth!description!of!the!key!design!components,!including!a!single!lane!roundabout,!stormwater!management!through!rain!gardens,!a!protected!cycling!path,!and!structural!planning!of!the!glulam!welcome!archway.!Figure!1!below!visually!outlines!these!key!components.!!Figure!1:!Overview!of!Key!Design!Components!2.1.!SINGLE LANE ROUNDABOUT 2.1.1.!TRAFFIC VOLUMES The!traffic!volume!data!from!2013!and!2014!was!provided!by!Creative!Transportation!Solutions!Ltd.!(CTS).!It!details!the!mode!of!transportation,!the!approach!and!time!for!a!very!comprehensive!breakdown!of!the!existing!traffic!flow!which!include!vehicle!types,!pedestrian!and!cyclist!movements!at!the!intersection.!One!of!the!drawbacks!of!the!provided!data!is!its!lack!of!seasonal!variation:!both!sets!were!taken!during!Fall.!Through!technical!analysis!of!these!traffic!volumes,!the!design!team!determined!that!the!current!intersection!has!a!level!of!service!B!(LOS).!The!current!speed!limit!for!Chancellor!Boulevard!is!50!km/hr.!The!Traffic!Volume!Data!and!the!LOS!can!be!found!in!the!Preliminary!Design!Report.!Through!further!data!analysis,!both!provided!by!CTS!and!collected!during!site!visits,!Red!Fish!!7!Blue!Fish!Consulting!determined!that!the!traffic!presently!is!not!in!a!saturated!flow!state.!Therefore,!when!analyzing!the!preferred!solution,!the!main!concern!is!safety!of!users!and!not!a!question!of!serviceability!with!respect!to!volume.!!The!second!drawback!of!the!provided!traffic!information!is!the!lack!of!data!points.!The!client!only!provided!two!years,!so!the!growth!modelling!was!limited!to!a!very!rudimentary!linear!increase.!It!saw!a!75%!increase!of!heavy!vehicle!traffic,!and!a!25%!decrease!in!vehicle!traffic,!totally!a!1%!increase!in!overall!traffic.!2.1.2.!GEOMETRY As!per!MOTI!specifications!in!order!to!accommodate!the!WBR20!vehicle!type,!the!roundabout!has!an!inscribed!diameter!of!37m.!This!inscribed!diameter!consists!of!two!single!lanes!of!5.4m!in!width!as!well!as!a!concrete!apron!to!allow!larger!trucks!to!be!able!to!mount!and!maneuver!through!the!intersection!with!ease.!Along!with!the!sizing!of!the!intersection,!the!roundabout!entrances!are!angled!to!slow!vehicles!down!further,!promoting!safety!to!all!users!within!the!intersection.!See!General!Site!Plan!and!Typical!Cross!Section!–!Roundabout!in!Appendix!C!for!a!detailed!overview!of!the!roundabout.!2.1.3.!SIGNAGE In!order!to!ensure!maximum!safety!for!all!of!the!users!at!the!intersection,!Red!Fish!Blue!Fish!Consulting!examined!the!average!stopping!sight!distance!for!a!typical!driver.!From!the!calculations!it!was!determined!that!the!stop!sight!distance!is!to!be!11.8m.!!This!can!be!used!to!properly!place!signage!and!road!markings!so!that!users!are!aware!of!the!manoeuvres!they!must!execute!in!a!safe!manner.!Calculations!for!this!value!can!be!found!in!Appendix!B!R!Detailed!Calculations.!!!8!The!single!lane!roundabout!utilizes!proper!signage!standards!as!according!to!the!Ministry!of!Transportation!and!Infrastructure’s!specifications.!The!signage!and!road!markings!can!be!seen!in!the!Signage!and!Paving!Plan!in!Appendix!C.!2.1.4.!GRADING  ReRgrading!of!the!intersection!is!required!to!ensure!proper!safety!and!drainage!of!the!roundabout.!Primarily!having!an!intersection!that!has!approaches!which!are!level!to!each!other!promotes!safety!to!all!users!in!the!roundabout.!Secondly,!reRgrading!will!be!required!to!ensure!proper!drainage!of!the!intersection.!Moreover,!the!changes!that!will!be!required!for!the!intersection!can!be!seen!in!the!Surfacing!Plan!in!Appendix!C.!It!is!important!to!note!the!current!grading!plan!is!subject!to!change!because!of!the!lack!of!current!survey!information.!!The!current!design!as!per!the!preliminary!data!we!have!of!the!intersection!will!not!affect!any!of!the!trees!that!are!present!currently.!However,!there!is!one!location!on!the!east!side!of!the!intersection!that!may!be!of!concern!of!one!medium!sized!tree.!Further!survey!data!will!be!required!to!know!the!exact!location!of!that!tree!and!the!design!may!need!to!be!altered!to!accommodate!for!it,!as!one!of!RB!Consulting’s!core!values!is!the!environment.!2.1.5.! MATERIALS Keeping!on!track!with!the!importance!of!creating!a!more!sustainable!campus,!the!primary!material!that!will!be!used!for!the!roadway!will!be!reclaimed!asphalt!product!(RAP)!that!will!be!provided!by!a!local!supplier.!Red!Fish!Blue!Fish!examined!the!opportunity!of!using!recycled!asphalt!for!the!intersectionn!moreover,!from!our!findings!it!will!not!increase!the!project!price!by!an!extreme!amount.!As!well!it!provides!a!sustainable!method!to!resurfacing!the!intersection.!However,!the!one!draw!back!to!the!use!of!RAP!is!the!potential!increase!in!maintenance!costs!as!future!repaving!will!be!more!frequent.!!!!!!9!2.2.!STORMWATER MANAGEMENT 2.2.1.!EXISTING CONDITIONS The!existing!intersection!does!not!employ!any!stormwater!management!practices.!The!intersection!contains!several!catch!basins,!which!drain!the!entire!area!to!the!stormwater!main.!This!area!is!part!of!the!North!Catchment!and!the!outfall!is!the!Spiral!Drain.!!UBC!is!composed!of!a!heterogeneous!glacial!till!deposit,!predominantly!silt!and!Quadra!sands.!The!soil!at!the!intersection!has!been!highly!compacted!from!previous!development!and!traffic,!leading!to!nearly!impervious!compact!till!with!minimal!infiltration.!It!should!also!be!noted!that!the!intersection!is!near!a!sensitive!cliff!which!cannot!sustain!any!runoff.!Given!these!site!conditions,!it!was!decided!that!implementation!of!stormwater!management!was!necessary.!Rain!gardens!were!chosen!as!the!stormwater!management!system!due!to!the!limited!space,!aesthetic!appeal,!cost!effectiveness!and!minimal!maintenance!required.!2.2.2.!RAIN GARDEN DESIGN Rain!gardens!are!an!aesthetically!pleasing!way!to!protect!water!quality!by!blocking!point!source!pollution.!The!rain!gardens!are!situated!in!all!medians!of!the!intersection,!with!a!total!of!five!locations.!The!gardens!are!to!be!composed!of!surface!vegetation,!topsoil,!and!followed!by!a!layer!of!¾”!drain!rock.!A!detailed!cross!section!can!be!seen!in!the!Typical!Cross!Section!R!Rain!Garden!in!Appendix!C.!!The!capture!target,!as!per!Metro!Vancouver!Stormwater!Source!Control!Guidelines,!is!72%!of!the!2Ryear,!24Rhour!rainfall!depth.!The!drain!rock!depth!was!increased!above!the!target!to!allow!for!additional!capacity!and!to!mitigate!flow!of!the!underdrain,!which!is!situated!at!the!top!of!the!drain!rock!layer!to!allow!for!drainage!without!flooding!the!topsoil.!In!addition,!an!overflow!lawn!basin!at!a!height!of!0.10m!above!the!rain!garden!invert!is!incorporated!to!allow!for!temporary!ponding!during!high!intensity!storm!events.!!10!Curbs!will!be!discontinuous!and!notched!to!allow!flow!into!the!basin.!Following!the!curb!shall!be!a!transition!buffer!composed!of!gravel!to!keep!water!and!sediment!moving.!For!safety!of!pedestrians!and!cyclists!the!side!slopes!will!be!5%.!2.2.3.!SELECTED NATIVE SPECIES The!surface!vegetation!will!increase!infiltration!rates,!reduce!erosion,!promote!biodiversity,!and!filter!runoff.!Native!plant!species!were!selected!as!per!the!Capital!Regional!District!Guidelines.!The!rain!gardens!will!consist!of!taperRtipped!rush!and!daggerRleaf!rush.!These!were!chosen!as!per!Zone!1!species!for!areas!of!periodic!or!frequent!standing!water!and!are!able!to!tolerate!the!seasonally!dry!summers!without!extra!watering.!Both!species!are!under!2!feet!in!height!and!will!not!impair!the!sight!vision!for!the!users!of!the!intersection.!!2.2.4.!CONNECTION TO EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE In!addition!to!the!rain!gardens,!two!catch!basins!are!located!on!the!NW!and!SE!corners!of!the!intersection!in!areas!of!potential!pooling.!See!Drainage!Plan!in!Appendix!C.!These!catch!basins,!the!underdrain!and!overflow!lawn!basin!are!to!connect!to!the!existing!storm!main!at!a!sufficient!slope!to!maintain!a!velocity!of!1R3!m/s.!AsRbuilt!information!for!all!existing!underground!infrastructure!is!required!to!produce!profile!drawings!of!these!connections.!2.2.5.!MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS The!curbs!are!to!be!cleaned!regularly!to!prevent!blockage!of!the!notches!and!therefore!potential!flooding!of!the!intersection.!In!addition,!the!rain!gardens!also!allow!for!sediment!accumulation!storagen!maintenance!will!also!need!to!occur!to!remove!excess!sediments!to!prevent!blockage!of!the!overflow!lawn!basin.!!!!!!11!2.3.!PROTECTED CYCLING PATH 2.3.1.!ADDITIONAL SAFETY BENEFITS A!bike!lane!around!the!perimeter!of!the!roundabout!is!separated!from!both!pedestrians!and!motor!vehicles!by!a!raised!concrete!median.!At!a!width!of!1.6m,!and!a!0.5m!protective!barrier,!the!bike!lane!follows!relevant!guidelines!(see!Section!6.0).!When!considering!the!cyclist!infrastructure,!a!wide!variety!of!options!were!considered,!summarized!by!Figure!2.!!The!decision!to!protect!the!cycling!path!was!made!based!on!the!2009!UBC!BICE!data!where!out!of!the!683!incidents!observed,!only!3%!occurred!on!cyclist!only!paths,!versus!23%!on!dedicated!lanes,!and!21%!on!shared!lanes!as!seen!in!the!table!below.!While!preference!is!high!for!many!options,!perceived!and!actual!safety!can!be!different.!For!this!reason,!a!cyclist!only!protected!path!was!chosen.!2.3.2.!MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS A!potential!disadvantage!of!the!protective!curb!could!be!an!increase!in!maintenance!cost!through!the!restriction!of!larger!street!sweepers!and!an!additional!pass!any!street!sweeper!would!need!to!make.!!However,!the!increase!in!maintenance!cost!will!be!fairly!minimal!as!street!sweepers!are!designed!to!navigate!a!variety!of!road!widths!and!can!accommodate!the!new!Table!2:!Path!Use!Statistics!Path!Use Collisions % Cyclist!Only 23 3.4% Dedicated!Cyclist!Lanes 158 23.1% Shared!Cyclist!Lanes 147 21.5% Undesignated 355 52.0% Total 683  Figure!2:!Cyclist!Preferences!!12!narrow!path.!A!contractor!with!a!mixed!fleet!of!street!sweepers!should!be!able!to!easily!accommodate!the!1.6m!lane!width.!The!only!additional!cost!required!is!for!the!street!sweeper!to!cover!an!additional!150m!of!road!which!is!insignificant!compared!to!the!additional!safety!provided!by!the!protective!curb.!!2.4.!STRUCTURAL PLANNING The!glueRlaminated!timber!(glulam)!archway!will!be!located!at!the!West!entrance!to!the!intersection!along!Marine!Drive,!as!can!be!seen!on!Drawing!“General!Site!Plan”!in!Appendix!D.!It!will!have!sufficient!clearance!to!accommodate!truck!traffic!(minimum!5.2!m!height)!and!length!to!clear!the!road!and!sidewalks!(minimum!19!m).!The!structure!will!be!mainly!constructed!of!prefabricated!glulam!timber,!with!steel!connections!and!reinforced!concrete!spread!footings.!If!proper!maintenance!measures!are!in!place,!the!arch!will!have!an!estimated!30Ryear!design!life.!This!arch!will!act!as!an!entranceway!to!the!university!and!will!include!a!number!of!enhancements!to!meet!the!sustainability!objectives!of!UBC!SEEDS,!outlined!in!section!3.0!.!2.4.1.! SUPERSTRUCTURE The!timber!superstructure!will!be!constructed!from!structural!glulam,!with!detailed!dimensions!found!in!Appendix!D!–!Welcome!Arch!Structural!Drawings.!The!connection!between!the!timber!column!and!the!horizontal!member!spanning!over!the!roadway!will!be!an!internal!knife!plate,!utilizing!both!selfRtapping!screws!and!standard!structural!bolts.!The!connection!from!the!column!to!the!footing!will!be!achieved!using!structural!bolts,!and!have!the!steel!component!embedded!into!the!concrete!footing.!See!structural!drawings!in!Appendix!D!for!the!connection!detail.!!!!!13!2.4.2.! SUBSTRUCTURE !Shallow!spread!footings!will!be!constructed!to!transfer!axial!tension,!axial!compression,!moment!support!reactions,!and!lateral!loads!to!the!ground.!In!this!case,!the!loads!on!the!structure!are!low!enough!that!deep!foundation!or!piles!are!not!warranted.!The!footings!will!be!constructed!well!below!the!ground!surface!to!account!for!overturning,!and!connected!to!the!column!base!through!concrete!pedestals!reinforced!with!8R20M!dowels.!Based!on!information!from!surrounding!projects,!the!soil!was!assumed!to!be!silty!sand,!but!should!be!tested!prior!to!construction!to!confirm!the!bearing!pressure.!An!overview!of!the!footings!can!be!found!in!the!Table!3,!(the!complete!footing!detail!can!be!found!in!Appendix!D,!and!sample!foundation!calculations!in!Appendix!B).!!2.4.3.! STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS The!codes,!standards,!and!software!used!in!the!structural!design!of!the!arch!members,!connections,!and!foundations!are!listed!in!section!6.0!Standards!and!Software.!Loads!that!were!considered!in!the!structural!analysis!of!the!arch!were!dead!load,!wind!load,!rain!and!snow!loads,!soil!pressures,!and!earthquake!loads!Additionally,!to!account!for!the!risk!of!vehicle!collision,!the!columns!are!designed!to!ensure!the!structure!will!withstand!the!impact!of!a!standard!vehicle!driving!at!the!speed!limit,!(see!Appendix!B!Sample!Calculations!–!Structural!Archway!Loading).! !  Table!3:!Footing!Specifications!Length!!(mm)! Width!(mm)! Depth!(mm)!1750! 1300! 400!Reinforcing!(mm)!15M@200!E/W!TOP!&!BOT!!14!2.4.4.! MATERIALS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS  The!selected!contractor!will!source!the!DouglasRFir!glulam!from!British!Columbia!timber!materials.!The!outside!of!the!timber!glulam!members!will!be!coated!with!an!approved!Oil!Bourne!PCP!Type!C!sealant!to!protect!against!moisture,!rain,!and!other!adverse!weather!effects.!All!steel!components!are!to!be!galvanized!to!prevent!corrosion.!As!timber!is!susceptible!to!deterioration,!a!qualified!engineer!must!perform!periodic!inspections!to!ensure!the!structural!integrity!of!the!arch!is!maintained.!These!inspections!will!cover!all!aspects!of!the!structure,!but!will!mainly!focus!on!the!connection!points,!which!have!the!greatest!chance!of!failure.!Throughout!the!lifespan!of!the!arch,!the!reapplication!of!the!protective!coating!may!be!required!since!weathering!can!weaken!its!protection!capabilities!and!lead!to!damage!causing!structural!concern.!2.4.5.!ARCH INSTALLATION To!ensure!ease!and!efficiency!of!arch!construction,!the!components!will!be!installed!in!the!following!sequence:!!•! The!footings!will!be!poured!during!intersection!regradingn!the!column!base!knife!plates!will!be!embedded!into!the!footings,!and!will!be!protected!during!the!remaining!construction.!•! The!glulam!and!steel!components!will!be!prefabricated!by!the!contractor!offsite!prior!to!constructionn!during!prefabrication,!knife!plates!will!be!attached!to!the!beam!at!the!column!locations!using!selfRtapping!screws!•! Following!paving!of!the!intersection,!the!three!columns!will!be!installed!on!top!of!the!footings!and!bolted!to!the!embedded!knife!plates!•! The!beam!will!be!mounted!onto!the!three!columns!by!bolting!the!preRinstalled!knife!plates!to!the!columns.!The!final!installation!of!the!glulam!members!is!expected!to!be!completed!over!one!evening.! !!15!3.0! SUSTAINABILITY To!align!with!the!overall!goals!of!UBC!SEEDS,!sustainability,!community,!and!local!culture!were!highly!prioritized!in!the!intersection!design.!RB!consulting!deliberately!added!features!to!the!design!that!fully!embody!the!aforementioned!goals,!outlined!in!the!following!sections.!3.1.1.! METRICS RB!consulting!performed!extensive!analysis!to!quantify!the!sustainability!improvements!of!the!intersection!design,!displayed!in!the!figure!below.!See!Appendix!B!for!sample!calculations!for!these!sustainability!metrics.!Figure!3:!Sustainability!Metrics!3.1.2.! ARCHWAY ENHANCEMENTS Atop!the!timber!structure!will!be!a!green!roof!that!will!replace!14.8!m2!of!the!vegetation!that!the!road!eliminates.!The!arch!also!includes!a!hanging!l!bird!feeder!to!support!local!bird!species,!aligning!with!the!Vancouver!Bird!Strategy!2020.!Lastly,!the!arch!will!feature!a!“UBC”!sign!to!serve!as!a!gateway!into!the!campus.!!!16!The!green!roof!is!recommended!to!be!an!extensive!green!roof!constructed!of!Sedum!Carpet,!3R4”!of!engineered!growing!media,!a!filter!sheet,!a!drainage!and!water!storage!element,!a!water/nutrient!storage!mat,!a!root!barrier,!and!a!waterproof!membrane.!This!type!of!green!roof!is!the!simplest!to!install!and!only!requires!maintenance!checks!once!or!twice!annually.!The!bird!feeders!are!recommended!to!be!wire!mesh!as!these!are!lowRmaintenance,!easy!to!clean,!and!resistant!to!squirrel!damage.!See!Figure!4!below!for!a!visual!summary!of!the!sustainable!enhancements.!Table!4!outlines!the!suggested!brands,!suppliers,!and!costs!for!the!sustainable!materials!(considered!in!the!project’s!overall!cost!estimate).!!Figure!4:!Sustainable!Enhancements!to!Welcome!Archway!!Product! Suggested!Type! Supplier! Cost!Bird!Feeder! NO/NO®!5!Tier!Forest!Green!Wild!Bird!Feeder!www.birdfeeders.com! $29.99!per!unit!Green!Roof! Sedum!Carpet! ZinCo!(product!supplier)!and!ARCHITEK!(product!installer)!$13R$16!per!ft2!(including!plants!and!installation)!Table!4:!Sustainable!Product!Breakdown!!17!4.0! CONSTRUCTION PHASING Construction!of!the!roundabout,!rain!gardens,!arch!and!bike!lane!will!occur!simultaneously,!in!two!phases!to!allow!for!traffic!flow!at!all!times.!Implementation!of!traffic!control!will!be!required.!Each!phase!will!begin!with!removals!and!excavations.!The!intersection!will!then!be!reRgraded!to!allow!for!adequate!drainage!and!profile.!At!this!time,!the!rain!gardens!will!also!be!constructed!and!footings!for!the!arch!will!be!poured.!Information!on!utility!profiles!is!required!as!reRalignment!may!be!necessary.!In!addition,!a!topography!survey!is!necessary!for!determining!exact!tie!in!locations!and!cut!and!fill!quantities.!The!curbs!and!gutter!will!then!be!poured!and!asphalt!placed.!The!raised!concrete!median!for!the!separated!bike!lane!will!be!installed!and!road!markings!will!be!implemented.!Upon!completion!of!construction,!landscaping!of!the!rain!gardens!and!inner!circle!will!occur,!as!well!as!installation!of!signage!and!the!final!placement!of!the!glulam!arch!sections.!A!depiction!of!the!construction!phasing!can!be!seen!below!and!a!Gantt!Chart!of!the!construction!schedule!can!be!seen!in!Appendix!E.!Figure!5:!Construction!Phasing!! !!18!5.0! ECONOMIC ANALYSIS  RB!Consulting!took!on!a!detailed!cost!estimate!of!the!construction!for!the!intersection!and!the!welcome!archway.!All!expected!components!of!the!project!were!included,!as!well!as!contingencies!and!engineering!fees.!The!overall!expected!cost!including!all!items!of!the!project!is!$1.1!million.!A!highRlevel!cost!breakdown!is!shown!in!the!table!below,!and!detailed!breakdown!can!be!found!in!Appendix!F.!Table!5:!Cost!Breakdown!Item! Estimated!Cost!Site!Prep! $130,000!Grading! $176,000!Paving!&!Concrete!Works! $262,500!Landscaping! $7500!Welcome!Archway! $55,000!Miscellaneous! $87,500!Contractor!Profits/Overhead!(20%)!$144,000!Engineering!Costs!(7.5%)! $65,000!Contingency!(20%)! $172,500!Total! $1.1!Million!!!  !19!6.0! STANDARDS AND SOFTWARE This!table!below!summarizes!the!standards!and!software!used!in!the!analysis,!design,!and!drafting!of!this!project.!Table!6:!Standards!and!Software!Breakdown!! Standards! Software!Single[Lane!Roundabout!•! Transportation!Association!of!Canada!(TAC)!–!Geometric!Design!Guide!for!Canadian!Roads!(1999)!•! BC!MOTI!Supplement!to!TAC!Geometric!Guidelines!(2007)!•! Synchro!Studio!2015!–!SimTraffic!6!Protected!Cycling!Path!•! Transportation!Association!of!Canada!(TAC)!–!Geometric!Design!Guide!for!Canadian!Roads!(1999)!•! Capital!Regional!District!Pedestrian!&!Cycling!Master!Plan!!•! Synchro!Studio!2015!–!SimTraffic!6!Stormwater!Management!•! Metro!Vancouver!Stormwater!Source!Control!Guidelines!(2012)!•! Capital!Regional!District!Rain!Gardens!Guidelines!•! Microsoft!Excel!2016!Structural!Planning!•! National!Building!Code!of!Canada!(2015)!•! British!Columbia!Building!Code!(2012)!•! CAN/CSARA23.3R04!(R2010)!R!Design!of!Concrete!Structures!•! !CAN/CSARS16R09!(R2014)!R!Design!of!Steel!Structures!(10th!Ed.)!•! CAN/CSARO86R09!–!Engineered!Design!in!Wood!•! CWC!Wood!Design!Manual!•! Soil!Mechanics!in!Engineering!Practice!(2nd!Ed.)!–!for!foundation!calculations!•! SRFrame!Analysis!Software!–!Structural!Analysis!and!Design!•! Microsoft!Excel!2016!Drawings!&!Drafting!R! •! Google!SketchUp!2015!•! Autodesk!AutoCAD!2015!•! AutoDesk!Inventor!2015!!!!  !20!APPENDIX A – REFERENCES BC!MOTI.!(2007).!Supplement)to)TAC)Geometric)Design)Guide.!Retrieved!from:!http://www.th.gov.bc.ca/roundabouts/documents/740_roundabouts.pdf!BGC!Engineering!Inc.!(2009).!Regional)IDF)Curves,)Metro)Vancouver)Climate)Stations:)Phase)1.)Retrieved!from:!http://www.metrovancouver.org/services/liquidRwaste/LiquidWastePublications/RegionalIDFCurves2009.pdf!British!Columbia!Codes!(2012).!British!Columbia!Building!Code!2012.!Victoria:!Building!and!Safety!Standards!Branch.!Cement!Association!of!Canada.,!&!Canadian!Standards!Association.!(2006).!Concrete!design!handbook.!Ottawa:!Cement!Association!of!Canada.!CRD.!(2011).!Selected)Plants)for)Residential)Rain)Gardens.!Retrieved!from:!https://www.crd.bc.ca/docs/defaultRsource/esRwatershedsRpdf/plantlistfromraingarden_handbook.pdf?sfvrsn=0!Metro!Vancouver.!(2012).!Stormwater)Source)Control)Guidelines)2012.)Retrieved!from:!http://www.metrovancouver.org/services/liquidRwaste/LiquidWastePublications/StormwaterSourceControlDesignGuidelines2012.pdf!Natural!Resources!Canada.!(2015).!GeoMap)Vancouver.)Retrieved!from:!http://geogratis.gc.ca/api/en/nrcanRrncan/essRsst/76092c41Rf567R5da5R830cR277da8bbaab3.html!Preservative!Treatment!of!Glued!Laminated!Timber.!(2013).!APA!Wood.!Retrieved!from:!http://www.anthonyforest.com/assets/pdf/apa/glulam/Tech_Note_Preservative_Treatment.pdf!!21!Terzaghi,!K.!and!Peck,!R.!B.!(1967):!Soil!Mechanics!in!Engineering!Practice!(2nd!ed).!John!Wiley!and!Sons,!New!York.!Van!Der!Lugt,!P.!(n.d.)!Carbon!Storage!Utilising!Timber!Products.!Environment)Industry)Magazine.!Retrieved!from:!http://www.accoya.com/wpRcontent/uploads/2013/09/CarbonRStorageRusingRTimberRProducts.pdf!Wood!Design!Manual!(2010).!Ottawa,!ON,!Canada:!Canadian!Wood!Council.!APPENDIX B - SAMPLE CALCULATIONS STOP!SIGHT!DISTANCE!!!22!IDLE!WAIT!TIME!Average!wait!time!through!existing!intersection:!!6.4!seconds!Average!wait!time!through!one!lane!roundabout:!5.5!seconds!Average!cost!of!fuel!in!Vancouver!in!2014:!1.316!$/L!Fuel!burned!per!second!of!idle!time:!0.5!mL/s!Number!of!vehicles!through!intersection!over!a!work!day:!5,000!!! Wait!per!vehicle!Idle!peak!hour!workday!time!over!15!year!design!life!(hrs)!Wasted!Fuel!(mL)!Cost!of!wasted!Fuel!($)!Idle!time!in!Existing!6.4! 4,952! 8,914,286! $11,731,200!Idle!TIme!in!Roundabout!5.5! 4,256! 7,660,714! $10,081,500!Difference! 0.9! 696! 1,253,571! $1,649,700!%!Difference! 14.1%! 14.1%! 14.1%! 14.1%!!STORMWATER!MANAGEMENT!Description+ Classification+ Units+ Source+Soil+Composition+ Till! "! from!GeoMap!Vancouver!Soil+Type+ Silt! "! from!GeoTech!report!Infiltration+Rate+ 1.6! mm/hr! from!Stormwater!Plenary!"!for!glacial!till!!!CURRENT+DESIGN+Total!Catchment!Area! 3,140!!m2!C! 0.90!!"!Storm!Event! 1!in!2!!year!Duration! 24!!hr!Rainfall!Depth! 54.50!!mm!Rainfall!Volume! 171.13!!m3!Runoff!Volume! 154.02!!m3!!!PROPOSED+DESIGN+Total!Catchment!Area! 3,110!!m2!C! 0.90!!"!Storm!Event! 1!in!2!!year!Duration! 24!!hr!Rainfall!Depth!(72%)! 39.24!!mm!Rainfall!Volume! 122.04!!m3!Runoff!Volume! 109.83!!m3!Area!of!Medians! 310.00!!m2!Height!of!Ponding! 0.10!!m!Ponding!Detention! 31.00!!m3!Depth!of!Drain!Rock! 1.00!!m!Volume!of!Drain!Rock! 310.00!!m3!Void!Ratio!of!Drain!Rock! 0.40!!"!Drain!Rock!Detention! 124.00!!m3!Infiltration!Detention! 11.90!!m3!Total!Detention!Volume! 166.90!!m3!!23!!STRUCTURAL!ARCHWAY!LOADING!Item! Value! Units! NBCC!Clause!Width! 750! mm! !!Average!Beam!Height! 1250! mm! !!Topsoil!Depth! 101.6! mm! !!Average!Arch!Height! 6000! mm! !!Column!Cross!Section! 225000! mm^2! !!Length! 20! m! !!Topsoil!Unit!Weight! 14.112! kN/m^3! !!Topsoil!Dead!Load! 1.0753344! kN/m! !!Wood!Unit!Weight! 4! kN/m^3! !!Wood!Dead!Load! 3.75! kN/m! !!Rain/Snow!Load! IS(SS(CbCwCsCa)+Sr)! !! 4.1.6.2.1!IS! 0.8! !! 4.1.6.2.1!Cb! 0.75! !! 4.1.6.2.2!Cw! 0.75! !! 4.1.6.2.2!Cs! 1! !! 4.1.6.2.5!Ca! 1! !! 4.1.6.2.8!Ss! 1.8! !! Appendix!C,!Table!C"2!Sr! 0.2! !! Appendix!C,!Table!C"2!Rain/Snow!Load! 0.97! kPa! !!Rain/Snow!Load!per!Meter! 0.7275! kPa! !!Wind!Load! IwqCeCgCp! !! 4.1.7.1.1!Iw! 0.8! !! 4.1.7.1.1!q! 0.45! kPa! Appendix!C,!Table!C"2!Ce! h/10*0.2!>!0.9! !! 4.1.7.1.5!Ce! 0.9! !! !!Cg! 2.5! !! 4.1.7.1.6.b!Cp!"!Front! 0.75! !! 4.1.7.1.1!Cp!"!Back! 0.45! !! 4.1.7.1.1!Wind!Load! 0.972! kPa! !!Wind!Load!per!Meter! 1.215! kN/m! !!Earthquake!Load! S(2.0)MvIEW/(RDRO)!<!V! !! !!!! 2/3*S(0.2)IEW/(RDRO)!>!V! if!RD!>=!1.5! !!!! S(Ta)MvIEW/(RDRO)!=!V! !! !!IE! 0.8! !! 4.1.8.5.1!Mv! 1! !! 4.1.8.11!Weight!(W)! 79.275! kN! !!Ta! 0.05(H)*3/4! !! !!Ta! 0.225! !! !!Sa(0.2)! 0.94! !! Appendix!C,!Table!C"2!Fa!(Class!D)! 1.1! !! 4.1.8.4.b!S(Ta)=FaSa(0.2)! 1.034! !! !!RD! 2! !! 4.1.8.4.b!RO! 1.5! !! 4.1.8.4.b!Earthquake!Load!per!Meter! 0.728625333! kN/m! !!!24!FOOTING!CALCULATIONS!Input!! ! ! !Allowable!bearing!at!Ultimate! =! 1.6! ksf.!!Allowable!bearing!at!Service! =! 1.6! ksf.!!Design!concrete!strength! =! 25! MPa!!Total!footing!depth! =! 15! in.!!Footing!width! =! 4.225! ft.!!Footing!length! =! 5.74! ft.!!Column!width! =! 11.81! in.!!Column!Length! =! 29.5! in.!!! ! ! ! !Output!! ! ! !Footing!ultimate!load!capacity! =! 38.8! kips! =W*L*Fb_Ultimate!Footing!service!load!capacity! =! 38.8! kips! =W*L*Fb_Service!Effective!depth! =! 11.0! in.! =DR4!Effective!shear!depth! =! 11.0! in.! =MAX(eff_d*0.9,0.73*D)!Long!col!dim!/!Short!col!dim! =! 2.5!!=Lc/Wc!Beam!shear!capacity! =! 13.0! kips/ft.! =0.21*MIN(SQRT(Fc),8)*0.65*dv*25.4*12*25.4*0.0002248!Factored!beam!shear!R!across!width! =! 1.1! kips/ft.! =(+Over_wRdv/12)*Fb_Ultimate!Factored!beam!shear!R!across!length! =! 1.2! kips/ft.! =(+Over_lRdv/12)*Fb_Ultimate!Footing!overhang!R!width!direction! =! 1.6! ft.! =(+WR(Wc/12))/2!Footing!overhang!R!length!direction! =! 1.6! ft.! =(+LR(Lc/12))/2!Factored!moment!R!width!direction! =! 2.1! kRft/ft.! =Fb_Ultimate*((WRWc/12)/2)^2/2!Factored!moment!R!length!direction! =! 2.2! kRft/ft.! =Fb_Ultimate*((LRLc/12)/2)^2/2!Reinforcing!required!for!Mfw! =! 0.05! in2/ft.!!Reinforcing!required!for!Mfl! =! 0.05! in2/ft.!!Reinforcing!required!R!width!direction! =! 2.07! in2!!Reinforcing!required!R!length!direction! =! 1.52! in2!!!!25!SELF[TAPPING!SCREW!CALCULATIONS!!Number!of!Screws!(n)! 12!!(in!both!directions!for!shear)!Mean!Wood!Density!(ρmean)! 490! (kg/m^3)!!Embedment!Length!(lef)! 200! mm! (without!tip)!Outer!Screw!Diameter!(d)! 10! mm!!Angle!to!Longitudinal!(α)! 45!!(must!be!greater!than!30)!Ф! 0.9!! !! ! ! !ρk! 411.6!!=0.84*ρmean!faxk! 11.9531!!=0.52*d^R0.5*lef^R0.1*ρk^0.8!effective!number!of!screws!(nef)! 9.359726!!=n^0.9!Fax! 183072.7!!=Ф*nef*faxk*d*lef/(sin(α)^2+1.2*!cos(α)^2)!Restistance!F!(in!direction!of!shear)! 129.4519! kN! =Fax*cos(α)!! ! ! !Required!shear!(either!direction)! 56! kN!!! ! ! !Need!a!total!of!24!screws,!12!facing!each!side!of!member!!!BOLTED!PIN!CONNECTION!CALCULATIONS!!Axial!Load!(P)! 140! kN!!!Shear!Load!(V)! 45! kN!!!Loading!Angle!to!Grain!(θ)! 17.8189!! !!Applied!Load! 147.054! kN!!! ! ! ! !Table!A.10.1! Wood!Mean!Relative!Density!(G)! 0.49!! !10.4.4.3.3.1! Wood!Embedment!Strength!(fip)! 18.277!!=50*G*(1R0.01*df)!10.4.4.3.3.1! Wood!Embedment!Strength!(fiq)! 8.04188!!=22*G*(1R0.01*df)!10.2.1.5! Service!Condition!Factor!(Ksf)! 0.67!! !4.3.2! Load!Duration!Factor!(Kd)! 1!! !10.2.1.7! Treatment!Factor!(Kt)! 1!! !10.4.4.3.3.1!Embedment!Strength!for!Applied!Angle! 10.9416! MPa!=fip*fiq/(fip*sin(θ)^2+fiq*!cos(θ)^2)*Kd*Ksf*Kt!! ! ! ! !!Fastener!Diameter!(df)! 25.4! mm!!10.4.4.3.3.3! Fastener!Yield!Strength!(Fy)! 310! MPa!!!Number!of!Fasteners!(nf)! 16!! !! ! ! ! !!Inner!Plate!Ultimate!Strength!(Fu)! 450! MPa!!!26!10.4.4.3.3.2! Фsteel! 0.67!! !10.4.4.3.3.2! Фy! 0.8!! !10.4.4.3.3.2! Embedment!Strength!of!Steel!Plate! 1130.63! MPa! =3*Fu*Фsteel/Фy!! ! ! ! !!Is!Inner!Plate!Steel!or!Wood?! Steel! (Select!either!steel!or!wood)!!Embedment!Strength!of!Side!Member!(F1)! 10.9416! MPa!!!Embedment!Strength!of!Inner!Member!(F2)! 1130.63! MPa!!!Thickness!of!Side!(Outer)!Member!(t1)! 72! mm!(per!side!of!outer!shear!!plane)!!Thickness!of!Inner!Member(s)!(t2)! 6! mm!!!Number!of!Shear!Planes!(ns)! 4!! !! ! ! ! !10.4.4.3.2! Unit!Lateral!Yielding!Resistance!(nu)! min!of:! kN!!!a! 20.0099!! !!b! !!! !!c! 86.1536!! !!d! 19.2678!! !!e! !!! !!f! !!! !!g! 30.5317!! !! ! ! ! !10.4.4.3.1! Factored!Yielding!Resistance! 986.514! kN! =Фy*nu*ns*nf!! ! ! ! !!Note:!Group!Tear!Out!and!Row!Shear!Not!Checked!(in!Compression)!! ! ! ! !!Can!use!a!minimum!of!3!! ! !!BOLTED!MOMENT!CONNECTION!CALCULATIONS!Forces!acting!on!bolt!group!! ! !Factored!Bending!Moment!Force!(Mf)!=! 242! kNm!!Factore!Shear!Force!(Vf)!=! 45! kN!!Factored!Compression!Force!(Pf)!=! 140! kN!!Shear!Force!per!Bolt!(Vfi)!=! 1.5!kN/bolt!!Compression!Force!per!Bolt!(Pfi)!=! 4.67!kN/bolt!!! ! ! !Input!properties!(checking!30!bolts!with!2!knife!plates)!! ! !Bolt!diameter!(dF)!=! 25.4! mm!!!27!Member!width!(w)!=! 750! mm!!Effective!Wood!thickness!(t_1)!=! 72! mm!!Knife!Plate!Thickness!(t_2)!=! 6! mm!!Row!Spacing!of!Bolt!Group!(SR)!=! 139.2! mm!!Column!Spacing!of!Bolt!Group!(SC)!=! 99.6! mm!!Edge!distance!(ep)!=! 49.8! mm!!End!distance!(aL)!=! 127! mm!!Number!of!Bolt!Rows!(nR)!=! 6!! !Number!of!Bolt!Columns!(nC)!=! 5!! !Total!Number!of!Bolts!(nf)!=! 30!! !Number!of!Shear!Planes!(ns)!=! 4!! !! !! !Calculation!of!applied!force!and!resistance!for!upper!left!bolt! !!!Horizontal!Distance!from!Bolt!Group!Center!(xi)!=!R312.5! mm! !Vertical!Distance!from!Bolt!Group!Center!(yi)!=! 329.2! mm!!Radius!Squared!from!Bolt!Group!Center!(ri)!=!206028.89!mm^2! =xi^2+yi^2!Total!Polar!Moment!of!Intertia!(I_p)!=! 2992777.1!mm^2! =sum(r1^2,r2^2,r3^2…r30^2)!Horizontal!Applied!Force!on!Bolt!(Nxj)!=! 28.1! kN! =Mf*xi/I_p*10^3+Vfi!Vertical!Applied!Force!on!Bolt!(Nyj)!=! R20.6! kN! =Mf*yi/I_p*10^3+Pfi!Resultant!Applied!Force!on!Bolt!(Nj)!=! 34.86! kN! =SQRT(Nxj^2+Nyj^2)!Angle!of!Applied!Forece!on!Bolt!(Theta)!=! R36.2!degrees! =ATAN(Nyj/Nxj)*180/PI()!Cl.!10.4.4.3!Embedment!Strength!of!Bolt!at!Angle!Theta!(fi_theta)!=! 8.5! MPa!!!=(fiP*fiQ)/(fiP*(SIN(Theta*PI()/180))^2!+fiQ*(COS(Theta*PI()/180))^2)*(KD*KSF*KT)!!Cl.!10.4.4.3!Embedment!Strength!of!Steel!Plate!(fi_2)!=!1130.6! MPa!! =3*fu*phi_steel/phi_y!Cl.!10.4.4.3!Resistance!of!Bolt!(Nr)!=! 49.61! kN!=phi_y*ns*MIN(fi_theta*dF*t_1/1000,!0.5*f_2*dF*t_2/1000,!(fi_theta*dF^2*(SQRT(1/6*f_2/(fi_theta+!f_2)*fy/fi_theta)+1/5*t_1/dF))/1000,!(fi_theta*dF^2*SQRT(2/3*f_2/(fi_theta+!f_2)*fy/fi_theta))/1000)!Nr!>!Nj?! YES!! !! ! ! !(Calculations!repeated!for!all!bolts!and!Nr!>!Nj!for!30!bolts)!! ! !!! !!28!BEAM!CALCULATIONS!!Mfx! 87.1! kNm!!!Mfy! 32.8! kNm!!!V! 56! kN!!! ! ! ! !!Width!(b)! 750! mm!!!Height!(h)! 1500! mm!!!Unsupported!Length!(L)! 9425! mm!!Table!6.3! fb! 30.6! MPa!!Table!6.3! fv! 2! MPa!!6.4.1! Kd! 1!! !6.4.3! Kh! 1!! !6.4.2! Ksb! 0.8!! !6.4.2! Ksv! 0.87!! !6.4.4! Kt! 1!! !6.5.6.5.1! Fb! 24.48!!=fb*Kd*Kh*Ksb*Kt!6.5.6.5.1! Ф! 0.9!! !!Lamination!Thickness!(t)! 38.1! mm!!!Lamination!Width!(B)! 228.6! mm!!!Radius!of!Curvature! 9500! mm!!6.5.6.5.2! Kx! 0.96783136!!=1R2000*(t/R)^2!6.5.6.5.1! Kzbg! 0.74616154!!=1.03*(B*L)^R.18!6.5.6.4.3! Slenderness!Ratio! 6.94665387!! !6.5.6.4.4! Kl! 1!! !!Sx! 281250000! mm^3! =bh^2/6!!Sy! 140625000! mm^3! =hb^2/6!6.5.6.5.1! Mrx! 4474.85536! kNm! =min(ФFbSxKxKzbg,ФFbSxKxKl)!6.5.6.5.1! Mry! 2237.42768! kNm! =min(ФFbSyKxKzbg,ФFbSyKxKl)!! ! ! ! !!Combined!Bending! OK!!=Mfx/Mrx+Mfy/Mry<=1!! ! ! ! !6.5.7.2.1! Fv! 1.74!!=fv*Kd*Kh*Ksv*Kt!!Gross!Area!(Ag)! 1125000! mm^2!!6.5.7.2.2! Kn! 1!! !6.5.7.3!Shear!Load!Coefficient!(Cv)! 6.66!! !!Beam!Volume!(Z)! 24.3871875! m^3!!6.5.7.2.1! Vr! 3169.35318! kN! =Ф*Fv*0.48*Ag*Kn*Cv*Z^R.18!!!29!COLUMN!CALCULATIONS!!Mfx! 242! kNm!!!Mfy! 0! kNm!!!Pf! 1000! kN!!!V! 45! kN!!! ! ! ! !!Width!(b)! 300! mm!!!Height!(h)! 750! mm!!!Unsupported!Length!(L)! 5200! mm!!Table!6.3! fb! 30.6! MPa!!Table!6.3! fv! 2! MPa!!Table!6.3! fc! 30.2! MPa!!6.4.1! Kd! 1!! !6.4.3! Kh! 1!! !6.4.2! Ksb! 0.8!! !6.4.2! Ksv! 0.87!! !6.4.2! Ksc! 0.75!! !6.4.2! Kse! 0.9!! !6.4.4! Kt! 1!! !6.5.6.5.1! Fb! 24.48!!=fb*Kd*Kh*Ksb*Kt!6.5.6.5.1! Ф!(b,v)! 0.9!! !!Lamination!Width!(B)! 38.1! mm!!6.5.6.5.2! Kx! 1!! !6.5.6.5.1! Kzbg! 1!!=1.03*(B*L)^R.18!6.5.6.4.3! Slenderness!Ratio! 8.557647652!! !6.5.6.4.4! Kl! 1!! !!Sx! 28125000! mm^3! =bh^2/6!!Sy! 11250000! mm^3! =hb^2/6!6.5.6.5.1! Mrx! 619.65! kNm! =min(ФFbSxKxKzbg,ФFbSxKxKl)!6.5.6.5.1! Mry! 247.86! kNm! =min(ФFbSyKxKzbg,ФFbSyKxKl)!! ! ! ! !6.5.8.4.2! Ф!(c!)! 0.8!! !6.5.8.4.2! Fc! 22.65! =fc*Kd*Kh*Ksc*Kt!6.5.8.4.2! Kzcg! 0.597888406! =0.68*Z^R.13!Table!6.3! E! 12800! MPa!!6.5.8.5! E05! 11136! =0.87*E!!6.5.8.1! Ke! 1.5!! !6.5.8.1! Le! 7800! mm! =Ke*L!6.5.8.2! Cc! 26! =Le/b!!!30!6.5.8.4.2! Kc! 0.595759633!! !6.5.8.4.2! Pr! 1452.218339! kN!!! ! ! ! !6.5.12! Pe! 17147.70765! kN!!!Combined!Loading! OK! =(Pf/Pr)^2+Mfx/Mrx*(1/(1RPf/Pe))<=1!! ! ! ! !6.5.7.2.1! Fv! 1.74! =fv*Kd*Kh*Ksv*Kt!!Gross!Area!(Ag)! 225000! mm^2!!6.5.7.2.2! Kn! 1!! !6.5.7.3! Shear!Load!Coefficient!(Cv)! 6.66!! !!Beam!Volume!(Z)! 2.691! m^3!!6.5.7.2.1! Vr! 942.5519077! kN! =Ф*Fv*0.48*Ag*Kn*Cv*Z^R.18!!31!APPENDIX C – ROUNDABOUT DRAWINGS !!32!!!33!!!34!!!35!!!36!!!37!!!38!!!!39!APPENDIX D – WELCOME ARCHWAY STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS !SECTION B-BSCALE 1 /50B B1122334455667788A AB BC CD DSHEET 1 OF 1DRAWNCHECKEDQAMFGAPPROVEDLindsay PivaFarin LariSam McIlwain23/03/201601/04/201604/04/2016 DWG NOZ401TITLEArch Way at NW Marine DriveSIZEDSCALE                                                                        RB ConsultingREV11/50ClientUBC SEEDS6700.009425.00 9425.007200.006300.006000.004000.0019750.001000.00750.00300.00300.00 300.00800.001500.002000.001112.00500.00Notes:1. All glulam material to be Douglas-Fir 30-Ex2. Contractor to fabricate columns to accomodate knife plate3. Contractor to notify Consultant to review memebers minimum 72 hours prior to instalation4. Self tapping screws to have outer diameter of 10 mm minimum effective length of 200mm5. All connections shall be shop welded and feild bolted unless otherwise shown or approved. All bolts shall be A323M bolts, 25.4mm diameter minimum!40!!1122334455667788A AB BC CD DSHEET 1 OF 1DRAWNCHECKEDQAMFGAPPROVEDLindsay PivaFarin LariSam McIlwain23/03/201601/04/201604/04/2016 DWG NOZ5034TITLEArch Way at NW Marine Drive: FootingsSIZEDSCALE                                                                        RB ConsultingREV1/4ClientUBC SEEDS1300.00480.50300.00685.00104.00124.93480.50185.00167.50142.50185.00Notes:1. All reinforcing steel to be grade 400Mpa2. Concrete strength of footings to be 25 MPa3. Contractor to ensure bearing pressure to be more than 75 kPa4. Min 4" clear cover to all reinforcing!41!!1122334455667788A AB BC CD DSHEET 1 OF 1DRAWNCHECKEDQAMFGAPPROVEDLindsay PivaFarin LariSam McIlwain23/03/201601/04/201604/04/2016 DWG NOZ503TITLEArch Way at NW Marine Drive Connection: Colunm to FootingSIZEDSCALE                                                                        RB ConsultingREV1/4ClientUBC SEEDS730.00875.001075.00675.00168.15125.00134.05146.05 12.006.00138.0019.05152.4025.40730 mm 4 mm730 mm 4 mm675 mm 4 mm675 mm 4 mm6 mm PlateNelson StudsNotes:1. All connections shall be shop welded and feild bolted unless otherwise shown or approved. All bolts shall be A323M bolts, 25.4mm diameter minimum!42!1122334455667788A AB BC CD DSHEET 1 OF 1DRAWNCHECKEDQAMFGAPPROVEDLindsay PivaFarin LariSam McIlwain23/03/201601/04/201604/04/2016 DWG NOZ501TITLEArch Way at NW Marine Drive Connection: Colunm and Beam Knife Plate DrawingSIZEDSCALE                                                                        RB ConsultingREV1/4ClientUBC SEEDS750.00435.0013.00125.00150.00100.0075.00300.0075.0094.00P25.40P10.00 6.00144.00550 mm 4 mm550 mm 4 mm550.00Holes for self tapping screws shall be punched at 45 degrees anglesNotes:1. All connections shall be shop welded and feild bolted unless otherwise shown or approved. All bolts shall be A323M bolts, 25.4mm diameter minimum!43!!1122334455667788A AB BC CD DSHEET 1 OF 1DRAWNCHECKEDQAMFGAPPROVEDLindsay PivaFarin LariSam McIlwain23/03/201601/04/201604/04/2016 DWG NOZ502TITLEArch Way at NW Marine Drive Connection: Colunm and Beam Knife Plate DrawingSIZEDSCALE                                                                        RB ConsultingREV1/4ClientUBC SEEDS750.00435.0013.00125.00P10.00P1.00300.0075.0094.0025.0098°6.00150.00100.00550 mm 4 mm550 mm 4 mm80.00142.15550.00Notes:1. All connections shall be shop welded and feild bolted unless otherwise shown or approved. All bolts shall be A323M bolts, 25.4mm diameter minimum!44! APPENDIX E - CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE  !!45!!APPENDIX F – COST ESTIMATE Project(Cost(Summary(Item(#( Description(of(Work(Estimated(Quantity(Unit(of(Measure( Unit(Price(Line(Item(Total(01( SECTION(1(E(GENERAL( (( (( (( ((01.01$ General$Requirements$ 1$ L.S.$ $50,000$ $50,000$01.02$ Site$Mobilization$ 1$ L.S.$ $25,000$ $25,000$01.03$ Safety$and$Traffic$Control$ 1$ L.S.$ $40,000$ $40,000$01.04$ Survey$ 1$ L.S.$ $15,000$ $15,000$02( SECTION(2(E(GRADING( (( (( (( ((02.01$Soil$and$Asphalt$Removal$(6"$Average$Depth)$ 6000$ sqyr$ $12$ $72,000$02.02$ Landscaping$Removal$ 2000$ sqyr$ $4$ $8,000$02.03$ Structural$Fill$(12"$Average$Depth)$ 8000$ sqyr$ $12$ $96,000$03(SECTION(3E(PAVING(AND(CONCRETE(WORKS( (( (( (( ((03.01$ Asphalt$Replacement$ 35000$ sqft$ $5$ $175,000$03.02$ Sidewalks,$including$curbs$and$gutters$ 1600$ lin.ft$ $35$ $56,000$03.03$ Island$curbs$and$truck$apron$ 400$ lin.ft$ $60$ $24,000$03.04$ Line$Painting$ 1500$ lin.ft$ $5$ $7,500$04( SECTION(4(E(LANDSCAPING( (( (( (( ((04.01$ New$Landscaping$ 2500$ sqft$ $3$ $7,500$05( SECTION(5(E(WELCOME(ARCHWAY( (( (( (( ((05.01$ Glulam$Structure$Prefabrication$ 100$ lin.ft$ $400$ $40,000$05.02$ Connection$Components$ 6$ each$ $1,500$ $9,000$05.03$ Footings$ 3$ each$ $2,000$ $6,000$06( SECTION(6(E(MISCELLENOUS( (( (( (( ((06.01$ Estimated$Stormwater$Replacement$ 150$ lin.ft$ $250$ $37,500$06.02$ Relocation$of$Existing$Utilities$ 1$ L.S.$ $25,000$ $25,000$06.03$ Signage$and$Lighting$ 1$ L.S.$ $25,000$ $25,000$$$ SUBTOTAL( $718,500$900.00$ Conctractor$Profit$(10%)$ $72,000$900.01$ Conctractor$Overhead$(10%)$ $72,000$900.02$ Contingency$(20%$of$All$Contractor$Fees)$ $172,500$900.03$ Engineering$(7.5%)$ $65,000$$$ ESTIMATED(CONSTRUCTION(TOTAL( $1,100,000$!

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