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A Space of Mind : Mapping Spatial Usage at the University of British Columbia Kanyamuna, Hyunsoo; Antkiw, Jessica; Bunton, Claire; Gullaci, Marisa; Salvino, Nicola; Smirnova, Anastassiya Nov 26, 2015

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 UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student ReportAnastassiya Smirnova, Claire Bunton, Hyun Soo Kanyamuna, Jessica Antkiw, Marisa Gullaci, Nicola SalvinoGEOG 371November 26, 201513371951University of British Columbia Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS Program provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or a SEEDS team representative about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report”.SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECT A Space of Mind: Mapping Spatial Usage at the University of British Columbia  UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Hyunsoo Kanyamuna  Claire Bunton   Nicola Salvino Jessica Antkiw  Marisa Gullaci   Anastassiya Smirnova     November 26, 2015 University of British Columbia GEOG 371: Research Strategies in Human Geography Instructor: Dr. Siobhán McPhee    !1UBC SEEDS SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTTABLE OF CONTENTS  Acknowledgements 3 ...........................................................................................................Executive Summary 4 ..........................................................................................................Introduction 6 .....................................................................................................................Methodology  8 ....................................................................................................................Literature Review 12 ............................................................................................................Analysis  17 ..........................................................................................................................Significance of Research 20 .................................................................................................Future Research Directions 22 ............................................................................................References 24 ......................................................................................................................Appendix 27.........................................................................................................................!2SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to extend our most sincere thanks to everyone who has contributed to the success of the Social Mapping Project. It is our hope that the findings of this report will serve to the betterment of the University of British Columbia’s public realm.  UBC Campus + Community Planning (C+CP): • Scot Hein, Urban Designer UBC SEEDS (Social Ecological Economic Development Studies) Sustainability Program: • George Patrick Richard Benson, Project Coordinator • Liska Richer, Manager UBC Department of Geography, GEOG 371 — Research Strategies in Human Geography: • Dr. Siobhán McPhee, Instructor  • Debolina Majumder, Teaching Assistant  
!3SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTEXECUTIVE SUMMARY  Situated on the western extremity of the Point Grey peninsula, the University of British Columbia’s Vancouver campus is a distinct community that weaves world-class academics with a population whose diversity rivals that of the country it rests upon. The Social Mapping Project is a new initiative that aims to understand the intricate relationships that exist between the materiality of campus space and the lived experiences of its users. Conducted in partnership with the Social, Ecological, and Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) program, the purpose of this research is to assist UBC Campus + Community Planning (C+CP) in assessing and understanding social vibrancy and community building on the UBC Vancouver campus.   The product of the Social Mapping Project is a comprehensive matrix that categorizes the features of individual outdoor public spaces on the UBC Vancouver campus. A combination of visual and textual descriptors provides information in a standardized manner, allowing for accurate comparisons to be made between different spaces. The data organized in the project’s matrix was accumulated over a three-month period which began in September, 2015. Within this timeframe a variety of methods were employed: narrative analysis through participant observation, contextual analysis, and an online survey. The information obtained from these sources was transferred onto layers atop a map of the UBC Vancouver campus, creating a visual-spatial supplement to the matrix.  As represented in the Appendix B, the campus is segmented into six areas that frame the findings of the Social Mapping Project. An analysis of the accrued data displays trends relating to land use, revealing areas A and D to be the most frequented among survey respondents. A gradient exists in this regard, evidenced by the low usage of sections C and F which are situated on the opposite extremity of the map. The directions of these findings are studied in conjunction with the survey’s results for potential uses of campus spaces. Food trucks, public art, and live music are the three dominant programming recommendations, followed respectively by a desire for more rain cover, seating, lighting, bike racks, and tables. !4SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECT Several limiting factors may be revised in future iterations of the Social Mapping Project. For one, the timeframe of the project does not allow cross-seasonal observations to be made. Due to the reduced amount of sunlight and cold weather conditions at the time of this study, the data may not be reflective of the land use habits that people display in milder weather. The study may also benefit from the use of focus groups. This approach would expand upon the survey, producing detailed inputs that will strengthen its results. Focus groups may also yield a more representative sample population because we can select a proportionate number of representatives from different social groups.  The Social Mapping Project matrix will be made accessible to the public, inviting future researchers to add new spaces to the dataset. In doing so, the limitations of the study may be alleviated as information is corrected and modified in subsequent editions. This continuity will accomplish the project’s goal of evaluating social vibrancy and community building on campus as UBC Vancouver evolves over time.  
!5SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTINTRODUCTION  The UBC campus has been described by Scot Hein, the University of British Columbia’s (UBC) Urban Designer, as a living organism that is in constant motion. The university is constantly changing and developing to adapt to the needs of those who experience it, whether they be a student, faculty member, neighbourhood resident or a visitor. Alongside our community partners, the Social, Ecological, and Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) program, we assisted UBC Campus + Community Planning (C+CP) in assessing the social sustainability of UBC’s campus community. Accordingly, the focus of our study is on the outdoor public spaces within UBC’s Vancouver campus that have the capacity for social engagement. We conducted a study of the spaces through narrative analysis, an online survey and contextual analysis. By narratively analyzing a total of 60 individual spaces we aimed to understand their urban framework, establish the real and potential social uses of each specific space, and develop a cataloguing tool that places the various attributes of spaces into an accessible format. Through the distribution of an online survey we were able to provide context to our observations and analysis of outdoor spaces on campus. Given both the survey and narrative information, we contextually analyzed the spaces for the purposes of future campus planning. Throughout the study we sought to explore the public realm of UBC through the lens of geographical research, to address the problem that we lack a strong understanding of the outdoor public spaces on the UBC Vancouver Campus. Therefore, our study’s primary objective is to answer the question of how individual outdoor spaces and places within UBC’s public realm are used and defined by their physical, social, environmental, cultural, and historical attributes. Based on our findings we provide future programming recommendations to improve the social capacity of outdoor spaces on the UBC Vancouver campus.  By conducting a study of this nature, we provide the groundwork for a variety of future projects that may be implemented through SEEDS and other UBC organizations. With the information provided in this study, future projects have the potential to improve the social sustainability of UBC’s campus. For example, through the observation of 60 spaces on campus we !6SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTwere able to recommend tangible and sustainable changes that could improve a space’s social capacity, such as displaying student artwork, outdoor concerts, food trucks, and increased lighting in certain spaces. Another example is that, through the descriptions of spaces, we have located areas on campus that have drainage issues. This information will now be used by SEEDS to help advise a future drainage project on the UBC campus. However, though not all of the information collected through our observations, survey, and contextual analysis will be used, the information will provide a base from which future UBC campus planning can stem. In addition, the cataloging tool we have created in cooperation with SEEDS provides a framework for other university campuses and city planning agencies to use for conduct similar research. Finally, because the catalogue is dynamic, it allows for diverse applications to various future projects that involve collecting large quantities of data for individual spaces within a larger context. 
!7SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTMETHODOLOGY   The methodology for our research project was developed in conjunction with our community partners through the UBC Social, Ecological, and Economical Development Studies (SEEDS) program. The timeframe for this project was three months in the Winter Semester of 2015. The study area consists of the UBC Vancouver campus, as seen in Appendix B, with the six subsections of that space. The project’s methodology consists of three primary methods. These involve both secondary and primary data collected through narrative analysis, contextual analysis, and a survey distributed to UBC students, faculty, staff and neighbourhood residents. Our primary data was obtained through both our survey and participant observation.  First, the narrative analysis was conducted through participant observation, including the use of written descriptions of the physical, social, environmental, historical and cultural aspects, aerial and oblique photographs from Google Earth, and diagrams of individual spaces on UBC’s campus. Physical descriptions are comprised of aspects such as the hard environmental features (e.g. trees, vegetation), lighting, topography, slope, adjacencies, and tangible services that the space may provide. Social descriptions denote information pertaining to the audience of a space, how they utilize it, and how they are experiencing the space. Environmental aspects address the variability of sun, shade, weather, and temperature changes within the space. Finally, the historical and cultural descriptions aim to determine if there are significant historical or cultural dimensions to the space that have been neglected in previous analyses. This was done primarily by conducting research on the history of the space and its preceding functions. Narrative analysis was chosen as a method as it helped us to determine our unit of observation, primarily which spaces we planned to further observe. We chose a space on the conditions that it had features that invited social activity (ex. a bench), was an outdoor area, if it was on UBC’s Vancouver campus, and if it was a ‘contained’ space. A space was considered contained if it was in between buildings, sidewalks, trees or other features that created a presence of a separate space within the surrounding area. In addition, narrative analysis through participant observation allowed us to understand the attributes described above !8SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTthat make up a space. This was important as our next step was to provide programming recommendations to improve social activity within these spaces based on said attributes.  A primary goal that we aimed to achieve through the employment of our methodology was to cover the entire area of the UBC Vancouver campus and to provide information on the social potential of outdoor public spaces. Therefore, each researcher was designated with one of six specific areas on campus and observed 6-12 spaces within their designated area, as illustrated in Appendix B. Each researcher spent approximately 1 hour in total at each space to complete their narrative analysis of the area. We aimed to collect data during the following time increments: 8:00-12:00, 12:00-4:00,  4:00-8:00pm, and 8:00pm onwards to determine the volume of people and environment attributes, measured at each space throughout the day.  Second, the contextual analysis aims to extrapolate upon the data obtained through the narrative analysis to make pragmatic suggestions and commentary on what works to cultivate a larger and more engaged social presence within the individual spaces. This serves as an informant for improvements to the social experiences that the space provides. For example, the analysis may include researching a particular space and discovering historical and cultural significance that had not been previously recognized, thus recommending a name change for that space based on the newly acknowledged history. Through contextual analysis we sought to understand the strengths and issues a space had in creating an effective social environment. Further, this may contribute to future programming improvements within the observed spaces. Both the programming recommendations and the attributes were given a category within a spreadsheet and expanded upon within each cell. A spreadsheet (Appendix A) was used as it is a medium that allows one to understand each space within the context of the stated categories alongside photos and programming suggestions.  Finally, we administered our survey online to students and faculty through UBC-affiliated groups, including the following: • Geography Students’ Association [Facebook] • UBC Class of 2019 (Official Group) [Facebook] !9SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECT• UBC Engineering [Facebook] • Our personal social networks and Facebook timelines • Twitter (Retweeted by @UBCGeog, the Department of Geography’s official Twitter account) Further, we engaged students, faculty and neighbourhood residents through the use of our personal online social networks. We used stratified sampling and obtained a total of 55 responses. Our survey included both multiple choice questions that we could measure quantitatively and qualitatively through open-ended questions. Once all of the data was collected, the qualitative data was codified in order to enable a quantitative analysis. Therefore, we could accommodate a wide range of responses while still obtaining a uniform form of measurement. In addition, we had a section of our survey where respondents could click on an interactive online map of UBC Vancouver and place a marker on the outdoor spaces they used on campus. This feature allowed us to see the exact spaces used, including the social spaces we did not take into account in our own observations for the study. Throughout the entire research project we actively reviewed and amended our methodology with the advice of our community partners. We chose an online format as we felt it opened us up to more respondents through our online social networks and it was more time efficient than if we asked people individually in person. The layout of the survey consisted of our most comprehensive questions at the beginning (i.e. what areas do respondents use and why?) and our simplest questions (i.e. what is their year level and affiliation with UBC?) at the end. This was done to reduce the chance of having people forfeit the survey part way through. This method was chosen as it provided context to our observations and a variety of different perspectives about which spaces people chose to use and how. In addition, the online survey provides a supplementary layer of context for which outdoor spaces on campus are experienced by UBC students, faculty, and neighbourhood residents. Finally, we chose the UBC campus as it was relevant to our own interests as students at UBC and to our community partners at SEEDS.  For this project we chose to use the methods of narrative analysis through participant observation, contextual analysis, and an online survey for several reasons. Firstly,  it allowed us to !10SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTuse and obtain a mixture of quantitative and qualitative data. The mixture of methods was important as the qualitative responses allowed us to gain in depth information from our narrative analysis and survey responses. Additionally, quantitative measurements of the spaces and responses in the survey were optimal as they allowed us to obtain comparable empirical data. However, although there were many strengths of our data, there were also limitations. Limitations of the data included the inability to determine the sequence of a respondent's answers. Therefore, we could not view a respondent as a whole, rather, we could only view their different answers as separate entities. For example we may know that 60% of respondents were art students, but we don’t know that one arts student respondent is also in 3rd year and uses Martha Piper Square for its food trucks. Finally, a limitation of our qualitative data is that it is highly subjective to the researchers who observed each space and respondents who answered our survey. !11SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTLITERATURE REVIEW  The concept of urban social space is understood by many theorists as the indissoluble combination of a built environment and its living occupants, who infuse the space with life and meaning. For example, Haas and Olsson see the urban realm as a collection of “buildings, squares, streets, landscapes, and ecosystems, as well as processes, mindscapes, and people that make up and shape any environment,” (2014). What follows from this is the intimate dual relationship between the built space and the body of the individual experiencing it; the body acts on the built environment and infuses it with meaning, while the built environment also acts on the body as a reference system, dictating how it should act and think within the space (Archer 2005). This notion of dual relationship is extremely important to our field research, as we put ourselves inside a space in order to analyze it, and must therefore practice reflexivity in order to understand how the space is capable of deploying power (Archer 2005). Additionally, it is vital to note what Pugalis refers to as activity programming. Seeing as a social space is only made social through the presence of individuals, it is the job of our research team to understand what activities occur within various social spaces of UBC, and how these social activities may be ‘programmed’ (i.e. modified, eliminated, added) in order to maximize their vibrancy and use factors (Pugalis 2009). Additionally, Pugalis’ research showed that the use of plans (i.e. aerial or AutoCAD representations of space) can reduce the “life of space from something to be experienced and lived to a passive space of detachment,” (2009). Since we are using plans as part of our research, it is vital that we keep track of our own perceptions of these spaces to ensure that we do not cognitively remove bodies from them.  Synthesizing these academic theories with previous studies conducted by the University of British Columbia enables a deeper understanding of the context in which our research is taking place.  The work of theorists such Haas and Foucault provide a philosophical framework that guides our observations and analysis in an empirical direction.  Comparing these philosophies of “space” and “place” alongside reports such as the Vancouver Campus Plan or Public Realm Plan (UBC Planning, 2009; 2010) illustrates what research has already been done on this topic.  These documents !12SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTproduced by department of the University of British Columbia’s Campus and Community Planning Department focus on the built form of the Point Grey Campus. Our project is set to expand upon these pre-existing categorizations by exploring the dynamics of spaces on campus and gaining an understanding of how these locations are experienced by individuals.  These sources are of particular importance as they display the priorities of our SEEDS community partners while also serving to exemplify the application of Urban Design theories in the “real world”.  Other projects produced by the University that stand to benefit our research include The University Boulevard Land Use Plan as well as the Library Gardens Values and Revitalization document.  In particular, the source on the re-imagining of the public space outside of Koerner Library is of importance to our project as it recognizes the Musqueam First Nations peoples that are often neglected from research conducted on campus.  Given that our study area falls upon the ancestral land of this nation, our research must be respectful of the veiled histories that may exist across the University of British Columbia.  Our project has the potential to increase awareness of the issues surrounding aboriginal rights by recognizing the stories of the Musqueam people in locations beyond just the library.  Exploring philosophical theories alongside urban design projects will keep our project grounded in academia while simultaneously ensuring that our results are relevant to our SEEDS partners.  Furthermore, incorporating spatial analyses that have been conducted at other academic institutions will serve to enrich our understanding of how our project fits in with past research.  It seems as though a new construction site is popping up daily on the UBC campus, and the Campus Plan Synopsis includes further ideas to be implemented in order to meet the university’s prospective needs (UBC Planning, 2014). These plans are written in order to serve the estimated future growth of undergraduate enrolment and to increase sustainability and environmental awareness on campus. Other universities in British Columbia - namely the University of Victoria, Simon Fraser University, and the University of British Columbia’s Okanagan campus – have plans put in place to suit their estimated growth and sustainability as well. SFU’s campus plan includes rezoning areas to better suit specific needs (SFU Development Plan, 2010), whereas UVIC and UBCO !13SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTboth focus more on building a more sustainable campus for the future (UVIC Campus Planning, 2015; UBCO Planning, 2015). The theme of change is exemplified in a multitude of ways on college and university campuses (Lidsky, 2002), and research shows that trends are constantly fading and new ones are gaining popularity. It’s for this reason that universities have to embrace change in their plans and must be focused on the day-to-day, complete with alternatives to suit their needs (Lidsky, 2002).  The focuses on sustainability as well as respect for the history of campus are growing trends in campus planning (Turner, 2015). In this vein, UBC’s plan includes a focus on the “valuable open space network” (UBC Planning, 2014) and emphasizes the natural elements of the Vancouver campus’ space. If UBC Vancouver continues to grow in a sustainable direction, the frequency of use of public space by patrons will likely increase and could shift towards more of a focus on outdoor learning spaces (Vredevoogd, 2014). However, according to research done by both Turner and Temple, new construction is a fading trend due to budget or funding issues by some universities (Temple, 2008; Turner, 2015).  So what does this mean for the future plans of British Columbia’s universities? Perhaps UBC could take note of SFU’s rezoning plan instead of creating additional floor space (UBC Planning, 2014) while still maintaining focus on increased sustainability in public spaces.   At the intersection of the social, environmental, and the economic facets of geography lies the abstraction that is sustainability. As sustainability gains traction as “a pressing global issue,” (Finlay & Massey, 2012) there has been a growing interest in developing university campuses with these three measures taken into account. Isolated from the materiality of the urban core, the campus model has,  since its origin, aimed to foster an enclosed space that allows for the development and dissemination of knowledge. Equipped with institutions necessitated for autonomous function, the university campus is analogous to a proper city. Forsyth and Crewe (2010) bring light to the historical continuity of this objective, pointing to evidence of the campus model’s existence in late 18th century Rome. Martius, an enclosed community situated in the heart of the Italian capital, is largely thought to have been the inspiration behind the urban design of higher education institutions that followed. At the turn of the 20th century, the spatiality of this design found itself at the core of the Ebenezer !14SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTHoward’s ‘Garden City’ and the ‘City Beautiful movement’, emphasizing “ordered and comprehensive planned campuses” (Forsyth & Crewe, 2010) that integrated the natural environment with expansive, aesthetically pleasing built landscapes. Using urban design as a conduit for social, environmental, and economic sustainability, campuses aspired towards the “park style” (Su, 2012) which is characterized by low-density and large-scale spaces. This planning technique effectively expanded public space, a result that has not risen without criticism. Su (2012) accuses the campus model of fabricating monotonous environments, instigated by the “lack of the necessary humanity and communication atmosphere” that are conducive to forming a captivating public space. On a local level, recent efforts to centralize campus activities around the AMS Student Nest and other departmental nodes have sought to counter such structural repercussions.  Outdoor design elements influence how people use different spaces and make meaning from those places. It has been well defined that the relationship between, outdoor spaces and buildings, have a significant impact on the level of social activities taking place (Lawson & Zhang, 2009). Not surprisingly then, a common theme in urban design and planning is social behaviour (Trancik, 1986). Supporting this theme, theorists such as Robert Trancik, Clare Marcus and Carolyn Francis provide us with a basis for conducting hands on research for spatial analysis of the University campus. Specifically, Tranciks Place Theory emphasizes the historical, cultural, and social values attached to spaces around the University campus we will be observing and surveying (Trancik, 1986)). Tranciks theory is significant to our research because we will be recommending programming and opportunities to different spaces based on social, cultural and historical attributes. By applying Tranciks theory to the University, we will be introducing a much needed exploration into,  not only a spatial analysis on a university campus,  but also a deeper understanding of how human behaviour shapes specific campus spaces. Connecting with the theme of social behaviour, Marcus and Francis (1990) have identified twelve characteristics that are central features in successful outdoor social spaces. Their analysis is of particular importance for our research because it provides a guideline for interpreting specific public outdoor features. These design guidelines will allow us to identify and !15SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTanalyze opportunities in different spaces around UBC Campus while also allowing us to make recommendations for redesign. Our research is capable of providing valuable information associated to University planning that is non existent in current design guidelines based on a spatial analysis focusing on a theme of social behaviour.  !16SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTANALYSIS  Data Coding and Common Themes  The primary concept of our research is outdoor space. For our spatial analysis of the survey, this primary concept was further broken down into six categories that respondents identified as desirable attributes of outdoor spaces. The six categories that we found were most desirable include environment, utility, convenience, social, sound, lighting and temperature. By reducing the data into these six categories, we were able to identify that outdoor spaces which contain features in all six categories were the spaces which are most used on the University Campus. A common theme that emerged from this breakdown is that there is a strong preference for well furnished outdoor spaces located in between buildings and Lecture Halls.   The survey provided six areas on UBC campus for respondents to designate as spaces they spend most of their time (areas A, B, C, D, E, and F as indicated in Appendix B). The outdoor areas that the survey found to be most used are A and D.  Our data found that location of outdoor spaces used by respondents is connected to their role within the university and the faculty they are associated with. For example, 90% of respondents identified themselves as students of which 59% are in the Arts Faculty. This is significant because areas A and D house the most desirable student amenities that respondents marked. Faculty is also an important factor because the areas that the survey found most popular (A and D) are in close proximity to Arts Faculty classrooms. Students relax, eat and study in outdoor spaces that are near their classes. The survey found that the least used areas were C and F. Both of these regions do not include the amenities that students identified as important to them in outdoor spaces, specifically, they are not located in between or within close proximity to Lecture Halls and do not contain the environmental, social, utility, sound, lighting and temperature features that they seek out in courtyard spaces.  !17SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAttractive Attributes of UBC Social Spaces  The use of social spaces on campus is based on a number of factors, the main one being utility (i.e. availability of seating, tables/desks, and electrical outlets). One of the main space uses by students being studying and working on group projects, people tend to choose their spaces based on the utility attributes rather than environmental or aesthetic aspects. For example, 7% of respondents have chosen the Irving Library Garden as the main space they regularly use for studying purposes, and they have mentioned that the availability of tables and the ample amount of seating is extremely useful to them (Appendix C, Appendix D).  Another major use factor is convenience. We have found, through the use of our survey and personal observations, that well used spaces are those which are located near food vendors/restaurants, are in 5-minute walking distance away from the bus loop, and those in close proximity to students’ classes. For example, central locations such as the University Square outside the AMS Student Nest and the Money & Raymond M.C. Lee Square (area outside the UBC Bookstore) are heavily used due to their proximity to restaurants and bus stations; these spaces are also well-known meeting spaces for students.  We also found that the overall environment-related attributes (such as greenery, rain shelter, and scenery) also contributed significantly to the attractiveness as spaces, as 21% of survey respondents mentioned these attributes as their preferences (Appendix C).  Essentially, the campus environment relies heavily on its aesthetic and weather-resistant characteristics and an open, green space with appealing scenery (such as the Rose Garden) appeals greatly to UBC students for the purposes of relaxation and leisure. Other categories, such as sound preferences (i.e. running water), amount of sunlight, and temperature levels also affect social space use, however the opinions are divided between respondents as to what they prefer, and further research such as extensive shadow studies must be conducted to determine how the ratio of sunlight to shade correlates with space use. !18SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTProgramming  Through our personal observations of spaces across campus, we have determined that lack of easy access to food (specifically food trucks) in specific parts of the campus has played a major role in the use rates of various spaces. The response of the online survey has furthered this notion, with 24% of the respondents mentioning that they would like to see more food trucks in specific parts of the campus, such as the spaces near Engineering buildings (Appendix E). As students and faculty are often busy, it is important for them to be able to receive nutrition and relax between classes/research without having to move too far from where they reside, and thus food trucks should be available in more remote areas of the campus rather than the most central locations.   Interest in the Arts (including performing arts, public art, local art, First Nations art, live and instrumental music performances, or simply speakers) is another popular programming suggestion by survey respondents, and our research team alike, with 42% of the survey participants asking that there be more visual and auditory expressions of creativity around campus in order for the institution to become more lively and vibrant through colour and sound.   Finally, rain cover (10%), additional seating and tables (13%), and lighting (6%) were found to be significant potential areas of campus improvement. Seeing as outdoor space becomes less usable for social purposes whenever precipitation strikes the Point Grey region, either temporary or permanent covers from rain (particularly along Main Mall) are likely to drastically increase space use throughout the late fall and winter seasons. Improvements in lighting and, consequently, safety of specific spaces (such as the courtyard between Chemistry Blocks B & C) would allow for social use during a wider time range, particularly during the winter season. 
!19SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTSIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH  The results of the research conducted through this social mapping project have the potential to be significant for several different stakeholder groups.  Academics, university administrators, and community planners represent some of the many individuals that would find this socio-spatial exploration to be of particular relevance.    From an empirical perspective, this project is of significance as the examination of the University of British Columbia’s public realm serves as a case study that can inform the field of urban geography as a whole.  Several theories on place are further validated through the completion of this project.  For example, the influences that a physical space can have on the individual as described by Haas (2014) are seen through this project.  The results of our project also serve as an illustration of  Trancik’s “place theory” (1986) as the emotive elements attached to a physical space are unveiled through this socio-spatial analysis.  By incorporating these theoretical concepts of place into a real world spatial analysis, this study serves to help bridge the gap between theory and practice that exists across the social sciences.    Conducting this research project in conjunction with the planning department of the University of British Columbia ensured that the results of this spatial analysis would be significant from a practical perspective as well as academically.  Through participation in the SEEDS program, the Campus and Community Planning Department was provided with a better understanding of how spaces are currently used by the people of this university.  The results of this project will better enable UBC to meet its goals of creating an environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable community by exploring the social dimensions of the public realm at the Point Grey Campus.  Dozens of recommendations regarding future uses of public spaces were made based analysis of qualitative and quantitative data gathered for this project.  In addition, the results of our observations and survey unveiled the desires of the campus community for expanded programming across UBC’s public realm.  This demand for more programming including food trucks and live music illustrates the appetite for a more vibrant UBC.  Through our research, the concerns about safety that are !20SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTpresent within the student body were unveiled through the expressed desire for increased lighting at night.   The customizable matrix created for this venture will allow the university to continue to gather data on social spaces and better understand the concerns and desires of the UBC community.  This can then be used to help inform the creation  of a vibrant campus that embodies the social elements of sustainability.      This research project could also prove to be of significance to urban planning departments beyond the University of British Columbia.  The importance of outdoor public spaces in the lives of individuals are highlighted through the results of research conducted for this social mapping venture.  Furthermore, the creation of a matrix that has the ability to be customized serves as an example of one method of ensuring that any member of a community can be engaged in the planning process.  In conclusion, the partnership between students and the Campus and Community Planning Department of UBC through the SEEDS program illustrates the potential for participant action research that is relevant from both a practical and empirical perspective. !21SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTFUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS  Our project has the ability to grow into an important aspect of UBC’s social spaces. The research we have done has the ability to expand alongside future collaborations with students, staff, and faculties. Through our research, we were able to capture 58 outdoor spaces on UBC’s Vancouver campus, with many being left out due to the sheer size of the campus and time constraints. Also, we were only able to observe the usages of these spaces at three times of day during a three-month period. It is highly likely that the use and concentration of people in these spaces varies seasonally. For example, there are likely more people spending recreational time in outdoor spaces such as athletic fields, around fountains, and in other open areas during the warmer months of the regular academic year (likely April or May), rather than the beginning of the year. For this reason, it would be interesting to conduct the same observations if this course were to be taken in the spring semester. If future researchers were able to somehow observe all of the listed spaces for a longer period of time during the day, and over all four seasons, they could synthesize their results and find more precise evidence of how the average space on campus is used, and when. For completeness sake, it would be imperative for future researchers to look at more open spaces on campus, specifically the areas not included in the boundaries of our map.  Another aspect that would improve the quality of our research would be to develop deeper thought on reasons why and how spaces on campus are used by conducting focus groups and interviews with a random sampling of people. This could be done by randomly selecting people who wrote the survey, and interviewing them to further develop their points, or by approaching people who were already using the spaces. Due to UBC’s campus being on unceded Musqueam territory, future research projects on the use of space on campus should incorporate the viewpoints of the local First Nations communities. This would be beneficial in order to further investigate the historical and cultural aspects of space and place on campus. This could include focus groups and interviews with members of these groups. Additionally, most of our respondents were art students (approximately !22SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECT60%), as our own social networks are made up of mainly students in that faculty. It would be imperative to focus research on members of other faculties.  Once research on the Point Grey campus is exhausted, it may be beneficial and interesting to look at the use of spaces at UBC Okanagan’s campus, as it could give insight on the similarities and differences between the students, staff, and visitors between the two campuses. Additionally, this research could be applied further to cities as a whole such as Vancouver in order to conduct comparisons between the usages of outdoor space by people in the general population of cities as opposed to citizens of university campuses. !23SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTREFERENCES ARCHER, JOHN. 2005. Social Theory of Space: Architecture and the Production of Self, Culture, and Society. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 64 (4). University of California Press: 430–33. CANADA. (2015). Brimingham & Wood. ‘Growing UBC Okanagan’. Kelowna. University of British Columbia. CANADA. (2015). Brimingham & Wood. ‘Library Garden Values + Revitalization’. Vancouver. University of British Columbia. CANADA. (2010). University of British Columbia Campus and Community Planning. ‘Land Use Plan’. Vancouver. University of British Columbia. CANADA. (2009). University of British Columbia Campus and Community Planning. ‘UBC Public Realm Plan for the Vancouver Campus’. Vancouver. University of British Columbia. CANADA. (2004) University of British Columbia Campus and Community Planning. ‘University Boulevard Neighbourhood Plan’. Vancouver. University of British Columbia. CANADA. (2014). University of British Columbia Campus and Community Planning.  Vancouver Campus Plan. Vancouver. University of British Columbia.  FINLAY, J, MASSEY, J. (2012) ‘Eco-campus: Applying the ecocity model to develop green university and college campuses’, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 13, pp. 79-92 FORSYTH, A, CREWE, K. (2010), ‘Suburban technopoles as places: The international campus-garden-suburb style’, Urban Design International, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 165-182 FRANCIS, C., MARCUS, C. (1990). People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space. New York, N.Y. : Van Nostrand Reinhold. HAAS, TIGRAN & KRISTER, OLSSON. (2014). Space and culture: Transmutation and reinvention of public spaces through ideals of urban planning and design. 17, (1): 59 !24SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTLIDSKY, A. J. (2002) ‘A perspective on campus planning’, New Directions for Higher Education, 119, pp. 69-77, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 30 October 2015. PUGALIS, LEE. (2009). The culture and economics of urban public space design: Public and professional perceptions. Urban Design International 14 (4): 215-30. SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY. (2010). Burnaby Mountain Campus Development Plan. [Online]. Available from: http://www.sfu.ca/fs/files/Campus_Planning/SFU_Site___Guidelines.pdf. [Accessed: 2nd November 2015]. SU, P. (2012). ‘Study on Urban Design Methods of Currently Campus Planning’, Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 174, pp. 2457-2460 TEMPLE, P. (2008) ‘Learning spaces in higher education: an under-researched topic’, London Review of Education, 6, 3, pp. 229-241, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 1 November 2015 TRANCIK, R. (1986). Finding Lost Space: Theories of Urban Design. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold. TURNER, M. L. (2015) ‘Campus space-shapers’, University Business, 18, 1, pp. 44-46. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 1 November 2015. UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. (2010) Vancouver Campus Plan. [Online] Available from: http://planning.ubc.ca/sites/planning.ubc.ca/files/documents/planning-services/policies-plans/VCPUpdate2014_Part1.pdf. [Accessed: 2nd November 2015]. UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA OKANAGAN. (2015) Okanagan Campus Plan. [Online] Available from: https://cdn.ok.ubc.ca/_ubc_clf/_clf7_assets/sites/campusplanning/assets/Final-Campus-Plan_Sept_2015_Low_Bookmarked_Desitinations.pdf#page=8. [Accessed: 2nd November 2015]. !25SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTUNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA. (2015) University of Victoria Campus Plan. [Online] Available from: http://www.uvic.ca/campusplanning/assets/docs/Campus-Plan-Update-2015/Draft.Campus.Plan.Oct.14.2015.pdf. [Accessed: 2nd November 2015]. VREDEVOOGD, J. (2014) ‘The case for space on campus’, University Business, 17,3, pp. 24-24. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 30 October 2015. ZHANG, W. & LAWSON, G. (2009). "Meeting and greeting: Activities in public outdoor spaces outside high-density urban residential communities", Urban Design International, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 207-214. !26SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAPPENDIX Appendix A: Matrix template Appendix B: UBC Campus Map demarcations (UBC Planning, 2009) Location Space Aerial Oblique Attributes ProgrammingIndex Physical Social Environmental Histori-cal and Cultural Recom-menda-tionsDiagrams!27SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix C: Pie chart describing the attractive attributes of UBC social spaces based on survey responses Appendix D:  Table explaining the categories in Appendix C Utility Environment Convenience & proximity Social SoundLighting & temperatureSeating Openness Classes People-watchingQuiet SunlightTables/desks Greenery Food Food Sound of running waterShadePower outlets Scenery Bus loop SportsRain shelterCleanlinessBeach!28SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix E: Bar graph describing recommended programming statistics, obtained via the online survey responses Appendix F: Additional recommended programming • Bake sales • Food trucks: poutine, tacos/burritos, east Indian, Italian  • Music: live music, faculty of music performances  • Public art: B.C first nations art, interactive art, art exhibits, sculptures • Performances: dance, talent show • Temporary/permanent rain cover  • Bake sales • Green spaces • Seating & Tables • Swings • Sporting activities  • Movies • Giant chessboard • Outdoor market • More bike racks  • Better drainage  • Improved Lighting • Native B.C vegetation  • More flowers
!29SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix G: Mapped Spaces: (in green, all 60 spaces studied within the six campus subdivisions) LINK: https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=zvTjKY03jYEc.kH2CItRW5fhU     !30SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix H: Demographic profile of all 55 survey respondents    !31SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Social Mapping Project Matrix (1/9)  LINK: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/127lRz2BCZBAU6zKLrCkvxeg-25q0aMT6b7QOdzq85a8/edit#gid=0&vpid=A1  !32LocationSpaceAerialObliqueProgrammingDiagramsIndexPhysicalSocialEnvironmental (e.g., natural qualities)Solar Effects at the Equinox@10:00am Solar Effects at the Equinox@12:00pmSolar Effects at the Equinox@2:00pmHistorical & Cultural SignificanceRecommendationsLegend:Music = YellowFood = GreenFirst Nations = RedAthletics = purpleRain cover = blueMarkets/Booths = PinkArt = WhiteOrange = Student Services & ClubsBrown = SeatingMartha Piper Plaza:Intersection of UniversityBoulevard and Main MallLarge: 36m x 37m, 1332m²- Bench at seat height surroundslarge fountain in the middle of  aconcrete square - Spacecontained by the corners of fourbuildings - The fountain hasdifferent settings depending onthe time of day to display water ina variety of ways - There are largetrees on the corners of theconcrete square - Main pathsalong Main Mall continue throughthe square uninterrupted by thepresence of the fountain - Whenlooking Northwest from thefountain one can view the waterand looking South East one cansee Main Mall continue toAgronomy Rd. - Grass rectanglesmeet the square between theprimary pedestrian pathways. -Lighting features on each cornerof the square- Area of high foot traffic atmost times throughout the day- Many people sit on the benchthat surrounds the fountain -The fountain is a commonlyphotographed UBC featureattracting tourists and visitors -At around 12:00pm until before4pm there is a food truck thatopens on the Western side ofthe square and one on theEastern side of the square. -Events, such as the recent BigLove Ball also occur in thisspace due to its centrality andfame.- due to the openness of the spacewind and weather conditions arestrong within the square - this seemsto make people stay for a less amountof time at the square in unfavorableweather - however, it is a high foottraffic area at all times of the day mostdays due to its direct pathway throughcampus - shadow doesn't seem toimpact this area due to the opennessof the space- continued use of food trucks -more seating within the areapossibly on the sides of thegrass -better lighting at night asthe lights on the square areslightly hidden behind treesKoerner Plaza: Plaza infront of Walter C. KoernerLibraryLarge: 88m x 25mSymmetrically open spacedemarcated by a set of poles oneither side to separate it from theMain Mall walkway, whichidentifies it as a formal space.Bike racks located on either sideof the main library entrance,heavily used (14 bikes standing at5:30pm). Benches are placed in acurved pattern along the borderopposite to the library facingLower Koerner gardens and Irvinggardens. There is no centrepieceto the plaza, which allowed theclock tower to become the focalpoint (despite being external tothe plaza). Greenery frames theperiphery (8 trees, shrubs on theside by the benches). Concretetile flooring and the blue/greenglass facade of the librarycontribute to the overall cool tonesof the space. The see throughglass of the building also providesa sense of duality (can see intothe building, two waycommunication with the inside,extension of the plaza), andallows the space to appear biggerthan it actually is. 8 lamp postsplaced strategically on theperiphery to light up the treecrowns at night. Garbage cansare located near the Koernerentrance.The primary use of the space ismovement (in all directions). Asthe plaza is located in a centralplace of the campus, a largenumber of students use it aspart of their route betweenclasses, or to enter and exit thelibrary. Very few people use theplaza for social & relaxationpurposes after 5:00pm (2people from 5:00-5:30). Somepeople prefer to sit on theconcrete blocks that frame theentrance to the library ratherthan using the benches on theopposite side (could be aconvenience issue).Temperature and weather play asignificant role in the use of the plazafor social purposes (as the space isentirely open, unheated, anduncovered from the rain), however theamount of traffic between classeswould remain stable at all times.People would be more likely to preferthe inside of the library in the instanceof bad weather.A rain-resistant cover/pavillioncould be placed over parts ofthe plaza for students toconvene under in warm, rainyweather. Additionally, temporaryheating devices could be placedthroughout the plaza for coldweather. Festivities and events(both recreational - Christmasmarkets, beanbags, facultyevents, and educational - bookreading or a public lecture) canbe held at the plaza.W. Robert Wyman Plaza:Located on the intersectionof Main Mall and MemorialRoadLarge: 28m x 33mPlaza is defined by a largedecorative centrepiececommemorating UBCdonors/world of opportunitycampaign (their names are carvedin stone all along the centrepiece).The centrepiece has a ceremonialfeel, with a piece similar to analtar in the middle, surrounded byconcrete benches/sitting places.The space surrounding thecentrepiece is a intersection ofwalkways (7 walkways leadingaway from the centrepiece inradial formation), with grasspatches separating the left andright sides of this portion of MainMall. The plaza is framed on twosides by grey buildings. The focusof view is on the Canadian flag byPeter Wall Institute.  Bike racksand garbage cans are located onthe periphery near Buchanan Abuilding. The space is well lit atnight. Carriage art piece/display inthe distance, framed by trees isalso visible from the sitting area ofthe centrepiece. Two *Temporaryhammock chairs hang off thetrees by Buchanan A.The space is adjacent to theKoerner Plaza and is usedprimarily for class routingpurposes. The centrepiece iswell used forstudying/relaxation/socialpurposes, with 4 peoplemaking use of it at 6:00pm.The plaza is unlikely to be used forsocial purposes in rainy weather orcold temperatures, as the space is fullyopen and the seating is concrete.Large white tents (possibly withheating inside) are currently beingused on the far side of the plaza,which could be a possible solution forusing the place in cold, rainy weather.World of Opportunity CampaignA temporary rain cover/tentcould be placed over themonument during the rainyseason for students to convenethere. Food trucks could alsofrequent the area more oftenand live music would be a goodway to lift up student spiritsduring their breaks. World ofOpportunity Campaign andhistory of the memorial could bedescribed in an artfeature/temporary heritagedisplay of some sort.Rose Garden: Located onthe far end (north side) ofMain Mall, adjacent toPeter Wall InstituteMedium: 53m x 46mGeometrically designed gardenspace in a remote location, awayfrom the main traffic areas of thecampus. Consists of a fewelevation 'layers', cascading in astep-like formation. Cleardirectional view of the water andmountains (along with the roses)are the main focus of the garden.The space has very few seatingareas inside the garden itself,however a row of benches islocated at the viewpoint rightabove. Concrete balcony-like areaon the furthest side of the garden.The garden is concealed fromview by elevation differences withthe rest of the campus. Framedon four sides by Peter WallInstitute, a forested space, theCanadian flag, and theocean/mountain view.   "TuumEst" sign gives the garden aceremonial atmosphere.Primarily used for relaxationpurposes by students, apopular tourist attraction.Couples frequent the place forits romantic atmosphere (view,rose's, privacy). Few people gointo the garden itself, mostremain in the viewpoint area.10 people present at 6:30pm (2couples, rest werefaculty/visitors).Open, uncovered space with nocovered areas would reduce trafficduring rainy season & lowtemperatures, however less so thanother social spaces, as it is usedmainly for a brief visit of the viewpoint.Rose garden has a ceremonialatmosphere, so various formalevents (i.e. graduation afterparties) and book/poetryreadings could be carried outthere. During Christmas time,the garden could be turned intoa miniature Christmas lightfestival (similar to the one heldat Van Dusen annually).Benches could be placed at thefar end of the garden (at themoment it is simply an emptyconcrete balcony).Geography Courtyard:Located near the backentrance to the GeographybuildingSmall: 15m x 36mSemi-enclosed space framed bythe grey walls of the geographybuilding. Middle of the courtyard isgrassy, surrounded by concrete.Wooden "picnic" table close to thewall of the building. Vegetableplots are located on both sides ofthe grass lot (3 on each side). 4benches line the closest boundaryof the courtyard (along theconcrete divider). Bike racks andgarbage bins are located by theside entrance of the geographybuilding, both heavily used duringpeak hours. Garbage bins oftenoverflowing.Space is mainly used bygeography students and facultyin between classes for studyingand relaxation purposes.Students often lie in the grassarea during sunny weather.The wooden table is often usedfor studying or eating.Vegetable plots (recentlyinstalled) are being taken careof by students (???).Courtyard is rarely used in rainy orcold weather.The vegetable plots within thespace could be better explainedto the public through plaques &signs, as very few individualsknow what purpose these plotsserve. Additional seating andtables would also be beneficialto students.AttributesSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (2/9) !33Klinck Courtyard: Locatedoutside Leonard S. KlinckbuildingMedium: 20m x 38mOpen courtyard, away from themain walkway, framed by fourgrey buildings. Rectangular grasspatch twice dissected diagonallyby concrete pathways. 4 bencheslining one side of the courtyard.Bike racks located near theentrance of the Klinck building(well used: 3 bikes at 7:00pm).Poorly lit at night.Courtyard mainly used as awalkway by students andfaculty with classes in theKlinck and Geographybuildings. The bench space isheavily used for relaxationduring the day, however thegrass area is very rarely usedat all. Adjacency of thecourtyard to Koerner Libraryalso directs traffic flow throughthe courtyard walkways.Uncovered, rarely used in rainy or coldweather. Poor drainage on the grasspatches.Drainage could be improved onthe grass patches, as they tendto cause muddy roads andpuddles. Food trucks (or coffeestations) could also appear inthe area to divert some trafficaway from the Triple O's andTim Hortons near Sauder.Sauder/Triple O'sRestaurant Plaza: Locatedoutside Triple Os, adjacentto Henry Angus BuildingMedium: 70m x 22mConcrete plaza outside arestaurant/food court. Largenumber of tables available allthroughout during warm weather.Boundaries demarcated by theTriple Os & Henry Angusbuildings, Main Mall, and a glassfence & concrete ledge.The site is heavily used allthroughout the day, as manystudents and faculty make useof the food court (particularlyTim Hortons & Triple Os), andlineup often leads out the dooraround noon on weekdays.Most people use the plaza forrelaxation and nutritionalpurposes.Seating is only available in warmweather, however the plaza is stillused during the rainy season bythrough traffic and people lining up tobuy food in one of the restaurants.Live music in or near the spacewould entertain those standingin long lines to get food from thenearby restaurants. Someadditional seating under raintents would also contribute tobetter space use.Chemistry Block B&CCourtyard: Located in anopening between B & CChemistry blocks off ofMain MallSmall: 32m x 17mConcealed in a shady areabetween two blocks of theChemistry sector, the courtyard isleveled at approximately 1mbelow the Main Mall walkway. Theboundaries of the courtyard areclearly defined by the surroundingbuildings and the hangingwalkway between the B & Cblocks. 3 wooden bencheslocated along the left side of theconcrete walkway, with a largetree on either side of the benches.A concrete bench is located alongthe back fence. The metal fenceprovides a view beyond into theloading bay, which gives theillusion of a larger space, but notnecessarily appealing. Short, butdense bushes are located oneach side of the walkway, whichconceals visibility and poses asafety issue at night. Twolampposts located to the right ofthe walkway, not enough to fullylight up the space at night. Theability to see inside the chemistrybuilding through the windowsvisually extends the space beyondits physical boundaries. Colourfulglass mosaic on the walkway hasappealing qualities.The courtyard is used primarilyby students walking to andfrom class, but none actually sitdown on the benches or usethe space socially - which mayhave something to do with thecold time of the year. In thesummer, the courtyardprovides refuge from the heatand is probably used more forsocial purposes.Sun does not directly reach thecourtyard at any time during the Fallseason, as the buildings surrounding itcast heavy shadows (perhaps the sunrays reach the space when the sun isdirectly above it during specific timesof the year). Due to lack of sun, theenvironment is almost always dampand cool (especially during rainyseasons).Visibility would be greatlyimproved by changing thelayout of the space to get rid ofthe dense bushes and addingsome additional lights to thespace to make it more safe forstudents.First Nations LonghousePlaza: Located along WestMall across fromGeography buildingSmall: 25m x 25mCircular, paved rooftop plaza witha large wooden centrepiecewhich, upon close inspection,turns out to be a staircase leadingdown into the hollow centre of theXwi7xwa Library. The plaza islocated away from any highbuildings, so the only shadowfalling on it comes from thecentrepiece itself. The woodenrod in the centre of the installationis slightly tilted, which gives theimpression that the centrepiece ismeant to represent a sun clock.Two wooden benches are locatedalong the perimeter of the circle tothe right of the main plazaentrance. Two sets of bike racksare located on either side of thecircle, both heavily used bystudents.The plaza is not heavily used atany point during the day (inearly November), perhaps dueto the fact that it is out of theway for many students (notlocated in the central area,separated from main campusby Lower Mall road). The placeis rarely used by anyone otherthan those wishing to enter/exitthe library.The sound of running water is veryaudible on the plaza, however it is verydifficult to pinpoint where the sound iscoming from (people are likely to thinkthat it is a recording) unless theindividual descends the stairs to lookat the concealed waterfall below. Thespace is very open and not shelteredfrom wind or rain, which makes itdifficult to use socially during the rainyseason.Excerpt from the UBC Librarywebsite: "Chief Simon Baker ofthe Squamish Nation gave thename to the library at the FirstNations House of LearningOpening Ceremonies on May 25,1993. The mandate of theX̱wi7x̱wa Library is to “echo” thevoices and philosophies ofAboriginal people through itsservices, collections, andprograms."Various First Nations festivalsand educational activities couldbe carried out in the space.Better explanation of thecentrepiece through aplaque/written comment wouldbe an asset.Buchanan AC Courtyard:Located between the A &C Buchanan blocksLarge: 162 m x 28mRectangular, mainly concretecourtyard with Buchanan buildingsframing it on the sides, asculpture/fountain/water featuremarking the far end of the space,and the hanging walkwayconnecting blocks A and Ccompletes the frame. Woodenbenches located along the rightside of the courtyard. Stir It UpCafe puts out seating and tablesfor its customers along BuchananA. One large tree is located in thearea near the Cafe, obstructingthe walkway and directing humantraffic. There is no centrepiece, sothe middle of the space is open,however the water feature and thetree act as focal points. Whenlooking at the sculpture from theother end of the courtyard, onecan see all the way through thespace. Bike racks are locatednear the entrances to Buchanan Aand Buchanan D. The waterfeature provides the sound ofrunning water when in use (mainlyduring the summer).The space is heavily used bystudents walking to and fromclass, relaxing in the courtyardand outside the Cafe, as wellas the concrete ledgesurrounding the tree and thebenches surrounding thesculpture/fountain. Thecourtyard is heavily used allthroughout the day due to thelarge amount of Arts classes,the Arts Co-op program offices,and the Arts Advising Officebeing located within theBuchanan buildings.The hanging walkway and the centraltree (as well as the lower trees behindthe benches) in the courtyard alwaysselectively cast shadows on the space(the entrance to Buchanan A is nearlyalways in shadow). The trees castshadows on the area all throughout theday, however the shadowing onlycovers a minor part of the space,which is useful in warm, sunnyweather when people choose to siteither in the shade or in the sun (bothtypes of seating are always available).The wide hanging walkway provides acover from the rain (but has noseating), however the rest of the areais open to the rain, and is rarely usedfor anything other than traffic in coldand rainy weather.Some additional seating andtables (temporary orpermanent) would allow forbetter use of the space. Artsinformational fairs (for potentialstudents) and Arts graduateschool information booths couldalso be set up in the area. Sincethe space is surrounded by alarge amount of classrooms,live music would not be anappropriate added attribute.SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (3/9)
!34Library Garden (IKB):Garden and plaza in frontof Irving K. Barber buildingLarge: 84m x 158mThe Library garden is framed byMemorial and Agricultural roadson either side, as well as the footof the Koerner extension to thefoot of Irving K. Barber learningcentre. The rectangular areaconsists within it a number oflandscapes including concreteand vegetated areas. The maincentrepiece of the garden is asmall fountain located directlyacross from the Learning Centreentrance. Another major focalpoint of the space is the LadnerClock Tower off to the side of thearea. Its non-central locationprevents it from entirelydominating the garden with itssize and height, also preservingthe scenery & cohesiveness of thespace (especially when looked atfrom Main Mall/Koerner Plaza).The sound of the fountain,availability of seating and tablesalong the concrete area in front ofthe Learning Centre and theseating around the fountain itselfare attributes which contribute touse and aesthetic factors of thespace. The rest of the space isseparated from its centre by largepatches of vegetation. A set ofstairs leads inhabitants of the areainto a seemingly different spacealtogether - one that is more wildand 'natural' than the formalplaza.The rest of the space isdissected by small concretepathways and thus divided intosmaller spaces (such as the tinygarden on the intersection ofAgricultural Road and Main Mall).The space is heavily used bystudents, faculty andvisitors/tourists of the universitydue to a) its proximity to theKoerner Library and the IrvingK. Barber Learning Centre forstudying purposes; b) itscentral location and proximityto the bus loop and theBuchanan buildings; c) itsunique aesthetic qualities(tourists often come in tophotograph the space), andsounds (fountain = sound ofrunning water); d) availability ofseating and desks wherestudents can study, relax, andeat lunch; e) availability ofgrass patches and greenery isuseful during warm. dryweather for recreation andrelaxation purposes (i.e.engineering students often runevents there). There is also alot of traffic through the space,and some people enjoy people-watching in their spare time.The Ladner Clock tower does notcontribute much to shadowing on thespace throughout the day (shadowsare mainly cast on the forested area).The space is very open to weatherconditions, especially due to the factthat much of this area is grass & getssoggy when wet.Food trucks in this area wouldbe beneficial to students as theywould not have to venture farfrom the learning centre toacquire food. As one of thecentral spaces on campus, FirstNations events would also bebeneficial to the public.UBC Life Building SouthPlaza: North End of Oldstudent Union BuildingMedium: 29m x 56m, 1624m²- concrete square - unpowered -unsheltered from rain -largenumber of bike racks -providesaccess to AMS bike kitchen- food carts - high degree offoot traffic - location ofinformational booths by variouscampus clubs, the AMS, andthe University.- little vegetation  -close proximity togreen spaces  - poor drainageThis area could serve in asimilar capacity as theUniversity Square. Creation of afood truck festival held in thisarea would be popularUniversity Square:University Commons areaframed by oak bosque,AMS Nest, and AlumniCenterLarge: 104m x 44m, 4576m²- Large concrete and wood basedpublic square - seating areas -basketball court - public artinstallation - bicycle racks -uncoveredhigh pedestrian traffic -restricted automobile usage -popular gathering place forstudents at all hours - benchesprovide popular eating area -frequent usage as music venueby campus radio - use by greekcommunity for recruiting -location of food truck - used foradvertisement ex evo car shareand got milk - diversity in ageof users of squaremanicured lawn on hill with some trees(the knoll) -framed by evergreen largetrees -few green spaces within square-moderately lit - easy access foremergency vehiclesAs all of UBC is located on theunceded territory of theMusqueam people, this spacecould hold the potential to unveilthe traditional culture of this groupThe central location ofUniversity Square makes it anideal candidate for several newand expanded types ofprogramming. Allowing pre-existing campus groups to takecontrol of this space wouldenable the creation of a vibrantsocial hub fitting for the centreof the University. Potentialprogramming includestraditional First Nationsceremonies, more live musicand food trucks, as well as openpractices on the basketballcourt by athletic teams.Law Lawn: Field in front ofLaw SchoolMedium: 42m x 70m, 2940m²movable seating - concretepathways surrounding lawn -seating built into concrete -metallic quotes built withinconcreteuse as meeting place - use aseating area - movable tablesand chairs used forsocialization - no automobile orbicycle usage - used forinformal games of frisbee andhacky sacktree lined grass surface -closeproximity to other green spaces -limited automobile accessThis building and surroundingspaces are named after PeterAllard, graduate and benefactor ofthe UniversityArea should remain open tofacilitate the continued use ofspace as a picnic and casualsporting areaSchool of EconomicsLawn: South lawn in frontof Iona BuildingMedium: 36m x 88m, 3168m²manicured green space surroundsthe Vancouver school ofeconomics - mix of evergreen anddeciduous trees - no built ormovable seating - concretepathways intersect lawns - Britishgardens - uncovered - automobileaccess on north sidelittle pedestrian traffic - quietspace even on sunny day -some socializing occurringduring lunch hour - fewbicycles, automobiles, andpedestrians throughout daymixture of vegetation types includingtree, gardens and lawns - fewshadows throughout dayThe former Vancouver School ofTheology constitutes a newaddition to the University of BritishColumbia after its purchase by theVancouver School of economicsArea could benefit from bothincreased seating in addition tomore rain coverGage Complex PublicRealm: Square partiallyframed by Gage studenthousing complexMedium: 35m x 45m, 1575m²primarily concrete space - somebuilt in seating - bicycle racksmoderate pedestrian traffic -heavy use of bike racks - littlesocialization or activitiesoccurring within space even inideal weatherheavily shadowed - some cover fromrain - little vegetation - someevergreen trees - garden area in southend -Area would be good candidatefor setting up student serviceinformation booths - Food truckcould also be profitable andpopular here - moveableseating would increase vibrancyand use of areaOak Bosque: Tree Stand inbetween Old SUB andIrving LibraryMedium :150m x 48m,7200m²Heavily vegetated - no pathways -Poor drainage  - little lighting atnight - benches throughout areaHeavily trafficked in betweenclass hours - diverse variety ofun programmed andprogrammed activities includingtight rope walking and campusclub booth displaysHeavily shadowed grass surface - littleother forms of vegetation - grass hasbeen nearly completely eroded as aresult of activities taking place in thissquareArea is not in major need ofadditional programming as it isalready in heavy use by diversenumber of groups - could usemore lighting to increase senseof safetyUniversity Boulevard:Section of UniversityBoulevard in betweenMoney Square andWestbrook MallLarge: 30m x 300m, 9000m²Trolley bus loop - many seatingareas in close proximity to retail -tree lined boulevard - areapartially framed by medium risebuildings (this will changefollowing the completion of thenew developments on north sideof road- High levels of bus,automobile, and pedestriantraffic. This continuousthroughout much of the dayand into the night - socializationoccurs in seating areas andbalcony restaurants - littleorganized programming takesplace here despite high levelsof usage by campuscommunity- easily accessed by emergency crews- well lit - effects of shadowing tochange as construction in area framesspaceThis heavily trafficked spacerepresents a location withuntapped potential in regards toprogramming.  Food trucks aswell as club booths could livenspaceSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (4/9) !35AMS Nest South Wing:Covered area at south sideof AMS nestSmall: 18m x 27m, 486m²- covered concrete area - built inseatinglittle used space despite beingin a heavily populated areas atcentre of campus - this shouldchange as soon asconstruction is completed insurrounding areas - usagepeaks at night (especially onWednesday during Pit Nights atthe Pit Publittle vegetation - well lit -easilyaccessed by automobiles - will be inclose proximity to future public fieldProgramming here would not bedependent on whether a spaceis covered. This space could beused as location for raisingawareness of mental andphysical health servicesavailable on campus by settingup displays.Frank Buck Field: Incluster of fields off ofThunderbird Boulevard(Thunderbird Park)Large: 120m x 68mSituated within Thunderbird park,surrounding the other fields, it is alarge grass Rugby Field.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Frank Buck and Arthur Lord fieldswere recently upgraded. As ofNovember 2015, the fields are stillfenced off and will reopen for playSpring 2016.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.Arthur Lord Field:  Incluster of fields off ofThunderbird Boulevard(Thunderbird Park)Large: 120m x 68mSituated within Thunderbird park,surrounding the other fields, it is alarge grass Rugby Field.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Frank Buck and Arthur Lord fieldswere recently upgraded. As ofNovember 2015, the fields are stillfenced off and will reopen for playSpring 2016.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial. These could be placeat the North-West side of thefield, as it is in close proximity tosurrounding fields as well.Chris Spencer Field: Incluster of fields off ofThunderbird Boulevard(Thunderbird Park)Large: 110m x 60mSituated within Thunderbird park,surrounding the other fields, it is alarge grass Rugby Field.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Home to the UBC Varsity RugbyProgram.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.Wolfson Field (West &East):  In cluster of fieldsoff of ThunderbirdBoulevard (ThunderbirdPark)Large: 240m x 136mSituated within Thunderbird park,surrounding the other fields, theyare two large grass Rugby Fields.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Wolfson Field was created in1960. Through a grant from theUK Playing Fields Association andBC Playing Fields Association.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial. An outdoor seatingpavilion or more seating optionswas also mentioned by surveyrespondents for this area. Thiscould be placed between Lordand Wolfson field in order toaccomodate themostspectators.Wright Field: In cluster offields off of ThunderbirdBoulevard (ThunderbirdPark)Large: 100m x 60mArtificial, water-based turf surface.It is used for field hockey. Itcontains full lighting for playing atnight.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsWright Field is uncovered, however,there are 4 seated areas for teams thatare sheltered from sun. The bleachersfor spectators are not covered and arein direct sunlight.Wright Field is named after HarryWright, an alumnus of UBC FieldHockey. It was built in 2001 and isa world-class field hockey turf. It ishome to Field Hockey Canada,two CIS Championships, andCanada West Championships.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.Harry Warren Field: Incluster of fields off ofThunderbird Boulevard(Thunderbird Park)Large: 110m x 71mmArtificial turf surface. It is used forsoccer. It contains full lighting forplaying at nightAll fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Home to the UBC Varsity SoccerProgram.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.Varsity Field: In cluster offields off of ThunderbirdBoulevard (ThunderbirdPark)Large: 120m x 75mArtificial turf surface. It is used forsoccer. It contains full lighting forplaying at nightAll fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Home to the UBC Varsity SoccerProgram.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (5/9) !36Baseball Field: In cluster offields off of ThunderbirdBoulevard (ThunderbirdPark)Large: RF - 102M, CF - 122M,LF - 102MArtificial turf baseball field.Consists of a FieldTurf surface.Contains a batting cage practicearea. It is primarily used forbaseball, however, the outfield(made of grass) is also used forsoccer and ultimate.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).The batting cage is covered.Finished in 2009. The first artificialturf baseball diamond in BritishColumbia.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial. The food cart couldbe placed east of the diamondin order to serve the most fanseasily.Rashpal Dhillon Track &Field Oval: Beside UBCSports Medicine CentreLarge: 115m x 71m field;400m trackConsists of an 8 lane, 400m track,300 seat grandstand, long jumppit, shot put area & steeplechasearea.The track is used by varsityathletes (with scheduled times),locals, and students to keep fitThe track, oval, grandstands and otherareas are uncovered. The field insidethe oval is grass and the track itself isall-weather.Finished in 2009, named inmemory of Rashpal Dhillon.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial.Whit Matthews Field: Eastof Thunderbird StadiumLarge: 120m x 100mSituated within Thunderbird park,surrounding the other fields, theyare two large grass Rugby Fields.All fields are used by varsityteams and local clubs forpractices, tournaments, andgames. They are also used byfans, parents, and otherspectators of the various sportsThunderbird park is mostly open,uncovered space. The fieldsthemselves do not have protectionfrom sunlight (as they are outdoors).Home of the UBC Varsity RugbyProgramProgramming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial. Live music andcommunity programs were alsosuggested by students at thissite.Thunderbird Stadium: Eastof UBC Botanical Gardens,off of West 16 AveLarge: 150m x 74.5m fieldLarge stadium with bleachers onthe east side and grass seating onthe west sideThe stadium is used duringvarsity games or concerts. Thestadium has a large capacityfor spectators.The field itself is uncovered, surroundby trees on the west side. The seatedareas on the east side are undershelter.Opened in 1967. The cables thatthe roof is suspended on aresuspended from 12 concretestructures that each have aThunderbird on top.  Designed byarchitect Vladimir Plavsic. It is thehome of the Thunderbird Football,Rugby and Soccer teams, andhas also played host to  variousinternational teams, musicfestivals, and has been used as abackdrop in movies.Programming here would bedependent on the AthleticProgram requirements. Foodcarts for spectators could bebeneficial. Live music andcommunity programs were alsosuggested by students at thissite.Entrance to ThunderbirdPark:  Entrance toThunderbird Park, off ofWest 16 AveSmall: 21.71m x 6.62mSmall entrance with 4 benchesand an archway to ThunderbirdParkThough the entrance hasmultiple benches for seating,this space is seldom used.Multiple trees around the spaceprovide cover from the sun and wind.The Park has undergone recentupgrades, to better the existingfields and introduce new FieldTurffields. It is home to many UBCVarsity Teams.Totem ParkLarge: 118.13m x 111m,13112.4m² Cedar treesThe primary use of this spaceis recreation and leisure time. Itis located within studentresidence and serves as aspace for taking short walks,meeting friends, sitting andenjoying the park atmosphere.The park has more foot trafficon clear, sunny days. There isno park lamps to light the parkwhich deters people going tothis space in the afternoonsand when the weather is notclear.This is a forested area consisting ofcedar and fir trees.The tall trees arewithin close proximity of eachother.Park includes a walking path.Little sunlight penetrates the denseforest in the morning, lunch andevening. Park consists of lots ofnatural brush/forest growth throughoutand looks authentic and notmanicured. The tall not only block outa lot of sunlight, but sound as well. It isa quiet space all throughout the day.Walking path is situated within the parkand connects to the roadside for easyaccess.Totem Park is named in honor ofIndigenous people in BritishColumbia. Chief of Fort RupertKwakiutl recruited to restore oldKwakiutl Totem poles. By 1949,UBC had 22 totem poles incollection. Totem park wasselected for a site during this time.1949-1950, land was cleared, andtotem poles were placed in thearea along with other carvings.The official opening of Totem parkwa son May 16, 1951. The Haidasection of Totem Park opened inJune 1962. In 1976 all thecarvings from Totem Park wereremoved and transferred to theMuseum of Anthropology.Gazebo and Community BBQArea, Interactive Art withSeating, Displays of Native ArtWorksRhododendron Wood ParkLarge: 152.77m x 95.77m,14630.8m²Cedar and Fir TreesThe primary use of this spaceis recreation and leisure.People of all ages use the parkfor walking and riding bike.Little to no foot traffic on rainydays, more people using thepark on clear days. Little to nousers after 5pm due to nonatural light and no lamp lightswithin park.Consists of cedar and fir trees, very tallin height. The close proximity of thetrees along with their height block outsunlight throughout the day-morninguntil evening. Numerous walking pathsand bike trails located within the parkand connect to one another.The word Rhododendron refers toan evergreen or deciduous shrubor tree. These plants are acommon theme throughout ubccampus.They thrive in temperateconditions. Rhododendronspecies are significant to UBC asthe university has been nursingthis plant species for over 60years.Gazebo and Community BBQArea, lamplights throughout thewoods and along paths, picnictableSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (6/9) !37Main Mall GreenwayLarge: 427m x 5m, 2135m²Concrete Tile WalkwayThis long corridor is used forscenic walks and commuting.Very low pedestrian traffic inthe morning and afternoon.Peak traffic is at noon.Cedar trees line the entire corridor. Afew maple trees are also present. Theentrance on both Thunderbird Blvdand Stadium Rd include the samewalkthrough structure that is acommon theme throughout the entirecampus. The structure of stone andwood, these natural elements blendinto the surrounding environment.Little sunlight in the morning andafternoon hours. Best sunlight at noon.Tall trees and apartment buildingssurrounding corridor block out eastand west views. Quiet atmosphere.Benches and lamplights are situatedalong the corridor.The Main Mall corridor is knownas the Jim Taylor Park . Taylor isa UBC Alumnus, graduated fromUBC Law in 1968, taught Law andwas also a founding chair of theUniversity NeighborhoodAssociation.Community Market- FarmersMarket, picnic tables, anddrinking water fountainTotem FieldLarge: 408.7m x 109.52m,44760.8m²Consists of Totem Field studios,Plant Sciences Garage, PlantScience Field Station, ClimatologyStation, Radiation InstrumentsTotem field is gated.  when gate isclosed there is no access. Largegrass area that consists ofresearch garden area, and hybridtrees ( Populus trichocarpa ) forresearch purposes.Used by ubc faculty andstudents for researchpurposes. Very quiet fieldsolely used for research. Thefield contains a fence aroundthe perimeter to designate theresearch area. The socialaspect of the field includesgathering research and studentand faculty working together toget data from the space. Nopedestrian traffic permitted onpremise.expansive field, mostly grass, somesmall shrubs and bush area.  Fieldconsists of two distinct farmingpractices including a garden and treefarm used for research purposes. Fieldis good location for sunlight in themorning, noon and afternoon. Manydifferent bird species are attracted tothis space including eagles.Totem field is identified within theUBC Green Academic designationas a space that needs to be keptfree and clear of intensive buildingrelated developments. It isidentified within the academicmandate that Totem Fieldfunctions as a green academicarea to support land basedteaching and research.Climatology station has beenmeasuring atmospheric variablessince 1957. Historically, manualreadings taken, since 1990 data iselectronically logged. Radiationinstrument is used to quantify partof energy balance of a flat surfacenearby.No programmingrecommendations for Totm fieldas it is within UBC mandate tokeep this space free ofdevelopment because it is usedfor research purposes.N/ATotem Outdoor TennisCourtsMedium: 65.63m x 36.66m,2405.9m²Synthetic material coveringconcretePeak times of use is based ongood weather conditions andtime of year: little to nopedestrian traffic during winterseason. Primary use forrecreation.Outdoor tennis court is located inquiet, low traffic, secluded area besideTotem Field. A few tall trees aroundSouth and North perimeter of thecourt.  Good location for Sunlight in themorning and noon. Tall wooded areawest of the Tennis court blocks sun inthe afternoon. 4 tennis courts arewithin this space.Transform 1 tennis court intobeach volleyball, provide cafestyle seating around the courtsfor spectators, lighting installedaround perimeter of the courts,include a drinking waterfountain as wellRhodo Community GardenSmall: 43.31m x 20.81m,901.3m²Six wood plot rowsCommunity garden space thatfacilitates social interaction byopen location to public andpedestrian traffic. Peak times ofuse is dependant on the time ofyear (season). Winter seasonis quiet with no gardeninginteraction.Benches and walkways surround thecommunity garden space. Tall cedartrees are located on the eastside of thegarden, blocking out sunlight in themorning hours. Best sunlight is noon.Afternoon hours no sunlight due toRhododendron woods west of thegarden. Variety of plant and flowerspecies grown in the garden. Gardenis situated within multiple wood plots.UBC began planning for asustainable community oncampus during the 1990's,creating live-work options for ubcfaculty and staff that would raisemoney. University NeighborhoodsAssociation was established in2002 to support this mandate.University NeighbourhoodsAssociation designated Rhodogarden as the second communitygarden area at UBC. UNA isorganized and managed by theuniversity community gardencommittee. This associationactively works with gardeners andcommunities to deliver goodgardening experiences.Community gardens consists ofvolunteer gardeners. UNA workswith the UBC Waste Managementand UBC Gardening Team. Thecommunity gardens receivescompost deliveries straight fromthe UBC in vessel compostingfacility.No recommendation for thisspace. Should be kept the wayit is for community gardeners.N/AJames Taylor ParkLarge: 67.75m x 41.41m,2805.5m²Concrete Tile Walkway, Childrenplay area with sand, A fewbenches, Cedar TreesSocial atmosphere in this parklargely dependant on weathercondition and season. Winterseason has low pedestriantraffic. Primary use in winterseason is for commutingthrough the space. Situatedwithin a quiet, residential area,main users are communityresidents.Park features a child play area withapparatus. Walking paths on theperimeter of the park. Large grassarea located in the center of the park.Low lying shrubs around the perimeterof the park along with medium heightcedar trees. Many large rocks withinthe the shrub areas give a natural feelto the well manicured surrounding.East mall greenway is connected tothe park and easily accessible. Manybenches along the perimeter of thepark (grass area is kept open). Distinctrock and shrub pathway marked withsmall pebbles and small rock to guidewater flow. Currently no water, thiscould possibly be used to manage rainrunoff (This is a common themethroughout the university campus).Space receives ample sunlight in themorning, noon and afternoon.This park area is dedicated toJames Taylor, professor of UBC,to honor the ongoing contributionshe made to the academic andresidential community of UBC.Park was honored in his name in2008.Outdoor Cafe Seating SomeTables with shade cover but notall, Display Area for local artists,Art and crafts area for kids,Adult Fitness ParkHawthorn Place CorridorLarge: 147.05m x 50.34m,7402.5m² Concrete Tile WalkwayVibrant community corridor.Walkway serves as a space forcommuting through. Primaryusers are local residents andubc community.Corridor features identical rock/woodwalkway structures at both entrances-These structures are a common themethroughout ubc campus. The rock andwood material blend well into theenvironment. Corridor is wellmanicured. Corridor path connects toresidences. Cedar trees line theperimeter of the walkway along withlarge rock boulders. Area is easilyaccessible from the correspondingstreets, but the narrow entrances andtall cedar trees make the corridor asecluded area. Tall cedar trees blockmorning sunlight. Best sunlight isduring noon. Afternoon sunlight isweak due to tall trees and condos tothe west.In the 1990's UBC began to builda sustainable town. Land leaseproceeds contribute to manydifferent endowments on ubccampus. Funds support ubcacademic mission. Policy that ubcland cannot be sold, it is leasedfor 99 years and property of ubc.No recommendations forcorridor pathway as it isfurnished with trees and rocksN/ASOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (7/9) !38Hawthorn Place Park AMedium: 46m x 31m, 1426m²Grass area, Cedar trees,Concrete Tile walkwayPrimary users are localresidents of surrounding condocomplexes. Many youngchildren using the park all yeararound. Bustling communityarea with many families.Approx 1500 people live in thiscommunityExpansive low lying grass area. Cedartrees around perimeter of the grassypark, along with benches and awalkway. Park is oval in shape. Slighthill. Small shrubs and large rockboulders designate with small pebblesdesignate an area for water runoff- acommon theme around the campus.The water pathway is currently empty,possibly used to manage rainwaterrunoff. Best sunlight at at noon. Talltrees and residence around theperimeter of the park block out sun inthe morning and afternoon.residential area was completed in2007.Adult Fitness Park Area, HalfBasketball Ball Court,Community Gardening AreaHawthorn Place Park BMedium: 39.33m x 30.5m,1199.6m²Long Concrete Walkway, Sand,Cedar Trees, grassMany families using the space.Children using the parkfacilities all year around.Community residence meetingspace. Space is primarily usedfor leisure.Space consists of children aparatusand sand box. Tall cedar trees aroundthe perimeter. Various walking pathsthroughout, Low lying shrubs clusteredtogether with large boulders. This parkarea is slightly elevated making betterspace for morning sunlight, noonsunlight. Afternoon is shaded due totall trees on west side of the park.residential area was completed in2007.Rock Climbing Wall forChildren, Water ParkHawthorn Place CorridorEastLarge: 137.66m x 1.46m,200.9m²Long Concrete Tile Walkway,Cedar Trees, grassPrimary use is for commutingthrough the space. Mainly usedby ubc residents andcommunity, many children inthe area.Little corridor lighting and benches forsitting. Corridor is connected to nearbyresidences.In the 1990's UBC began to builda sustainable town. Land leaseproceeds contribute to manydifferent endowments on ubccampus. Funds support ubcacademic mission. Policy that ubcland cannot be sold, it is leasedfor 99 years and property of ubc.Along this corridor is spaciousgrass areas that are vacant. Amini golf course would get thecommunity using the space andinteracting while also providinga different amenity to theneighborhood. More Lighting isalso recommended.Hawthorn Place Park EastMedium: 29.36m x 49.86m,1463.8m²Grass, Cedar Trees, ConcreteTile WalkwayPrimary users are residents ofsurrounding condo complexes,many families and children.Space of leisure.Expansive grass park consisting ofmany low lying shrubs and cedartrees. Grass area is circular, walkwayrunning through it. Tall cedar treessurrounding perimeter making asecluded area. Peak hour is at noon,best sunlight at noon. East end of parkis shaded in the morning due to talltrees and condos, west side of parkshaded in afternoon due to tall cedartrees.residential area was completed in2007. Community Movie Nights,Gazebo, Outdoor CommunityLibrary Shelving Unit for sharingbooks within the communityGreenspace within BeatyBiodiversity Centre and theAquatic Ecosystems LabLarge: 56m x 43m, 2408m²-Larged, staggered steps on theside of the Aquatic EcosystemsLab (similar to those foundoutside the Knoll at The Nest) -large, grassy square enclosedwithin the Beaty BiodiversityMuseum - only one pathwaythrough which one can enter (fromboth sides).-Primarily frequented by visitorsand staff of the museum, rarelyused by students - the absenceof classrooms makes this placerelatively quiet as it is not anarea through which studentsfrequently cross-The place is very 'sanitized', thoughnatural elements have been integratedinto its design to compensate for itsindustrial atmosphere (e.g. grass lawn,garden) - water garden lines the large,staggered steps, creatively reroutingrainwater for irrigation and drainagepurposes-Markets and booths along themain pathway that is connectedto Main Mall. This is an optimalarea for advertisement andpromotion of the museum aswell as for educationalopportunities pertaining tobiodiversity - Expand theseating areas within the spacePatient ParkMedium: 66m x 47m, 3102m²-Numerous benches and tablescreate an inviting atmosphere forpeople to occupy for long periodsof time - Enclosed in a forestedarea - Waterfall infrastructure -Cement surface, no organicmaterial - Few access points(either directly from UBC Hospitalor from one pathway along theHealth Sciences Mall)-Primarily frequented byhospital patients, hence thename "Patient Park" - Ambient,quiet setting that is conduciveto a relaxed and positive stateof mind - Clear emphasis onmental health considering thelocation and demographic ofvisitors for this area-Patient Park is enshrouded by tall anddense vegetation, making itimperceptible to pedestrians walkingalong the nearest street (HealthScience Mall) - A natural themepredominates the ambience of theplace, created by the dense forestationand waterfall apparatus-Stage for instrumental andacoustic music, contributing tothe calm ambience of the spaceGreenspace within D.H.Co-Op Building andWoodwardMedium: 45m x 45m, 2025m²-Currently under construction -Square-shaped layout with twocement pathways crossingdiagonally across the grass -Surrounded by benches that linethe perimeter of the square -Space is 'enclosed' by buildings,gives it its shape.-Currently undergoingrenovations, likely a deterringfactor for potential visitors -"Hidden" away, not likely to beknown by many on campusbesides those who passthrough the area-Seating areas mark the perimeter ofthe courtyard and are lined by tall treecover - Grass field is bordered andlocated at the centre of cementedwalkways-Increased seating around thecourtyard, emphasizing thesymmetry of the space. Tablesas opposed to benches maycreate a more socialenvironment, encouraging moreindividuals and groups to makeuse of this outdoor space.Lightly forested seatingarea between J.B.Macdonald Building andWoodwardMedium: 65m x 55m, 3575m²-Tree-covered seating area. Doesnot follow a geometric structurebut instead appears to have beenbuilt around the naturaltopography - Numerous benchesline the path - Multiple accesspoints. L: 65m W: 55m A: 273m²-Primarily used for socializingwith others or resting/sittingalone - fairly popular due to itsproximity to Woodward library,food services, the hospital -demographic: sciencestudents, engineering students,public health/medical students,medical patients-Dense and tall tree cover createsshade for the seated area locateddirectly underneath, paved pathwaysleading to this seating area are narrow,emphasizing the natural elements ofthe place - surrounding terrain is verynatural (i.e. land has not been leveledfor development purposes, spaceappears to be built around theenvironment rather than superimposedonto it)-Placing tables as opposed tobenches may create a moresocial environment,encouraging individuals andgroups to make use of thisoutdoor space. This may beviewed favourably by studentswho frequent the Woodwardlibrary and would like to studyoutdoors instead.SOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (8/9) !39Plaza in front of thePharmaceutical SciencesBuildingMedium: 50m x 30m, 1500m²-Provides a seating area,benches, and tables - No greenspace: exclusively concrete(perhaps aligning with the themesof the Pharmaceuticaldepartment?) - Open space,scarcely used (distance, univitingaesthetic qualities[?]) L: 50m W:30m A: 164 m²-Primarily used for socializingwith others - quiet space,scarcely frequented due to itsisolated location relative tocampus amenities (e.g.restaurants/cafés, classes,)-A small grass-covered hill existsopposite the Pharmaceutical Sciencesbuilding - With the exception of twosmall garden plots, the space displaysvery few natural/environmentalqualitiesRain cover along overtopbenches - Stage in vacantgreen area beside thePharmaceutical Sciencesbuilding. The orientation of thepre-existing seating and theshape of the space directs yourattention to this area.West of ThunderbirdParkadeMedium: 40m x 23m, 920m²Concrete skatepark featuresThe skatepark is the first of itskind on a university campus inNorth America. It is usedprimarily by local teenagersand students. It was busiestduring my afternoon visit.The skatepark is west of Thunderbirdparkade. It is surrounded by trees onall sides, however, these do notprovide much shade coverage fromthe mid afternoon sun. It consists of ahalfpipe, and multiple rails and jumpsfor skateboarders, rollerbladers, andBMX bikers to use on campus.A food truck or permanentconcession stand on the grassbetween the skatepark and thebasketball field - A soundsystem for the skate park andnearby basketball field, allowingfor commentary of sports eventsor the playing of musicthroughout the day - Anundercover area to shieldoccupants from rainMoney & Raymond M.C.Lee Square (UniversityBoulevard & East Mallintersection, continues upUniversity Boulevard untilMartha Piper Plaza)Large: 180m x 25m, 4500m²-Large, expansive boulevards thatdivide flows of people -Intersection is a pivotal point oncampus: there is the SUB on onehand and the bookstore on theother, on the other end is the"centre" of campus, Martha PiperPlaza - Seating areas alongUniversity Boulevard - "Green"divider with vegetation and afluvial stream that splits UniversityBoulevard in two - Intersectiondirectly leads to the large plazaoutside the SUB - Large flows ofpeople from campus and busloop: entry and exit point.The intersection of UniversityBoulevard and East Mall is anarea of high traffic, making ithighly desirable fororganizations to set up boothswhere they can reach a largenumber of people - Seatingarea is a popular place forcasual social activity (e.g.meeting a friend for coffee atthe bookstore, buying/sellingtextbooks, eating)-University boulevard has patches oftrees that line its grass-covered longedge - The dividing feature at themiddle of University Boulevardcontains many marsh-like naturalfeatures, including tall grass, waterflowfollowing the down-sloping topography,etc.The square was named followinga $5,250,000 donation from UBCalumni Raymond Lee and hiswife, Money Lee.-Merchant stations alongUniversity Boulevard (e.g. bakesale, food trucks, community-service agriculture [CSA]) -Concert stage for live music atthe centre of the Money &Raymond M.C. Lee SquareMain Mall from the southwest side of BeatyMuseum to Martha PiperPlazaLarge: 270m x 29m, 7830m²Large boulevard area covering thelength of the 'middle of campus',marked by the intersection atMartha Piper Plaza - two parallelwalkways divided by a grass field- Diagonal walkways cross overthe grass, creating a pathway tocross over to the other side ofMain Mall L: 253m W: 39m A:580m²Several benches are locatedon both sides of Main Mall,giving people a place to sit andsocialize - Grass-covereddivider is a popular place forsocializing andrelaxing/reclining in warmerweather - Main Mall primarilyserves as a walkway used bypeople to walk to their classesand other destinations. Itscentral location makes it easilyaccessible from many points oncampus-Trees line both sides of Main Mall -Grass cover divides the two sides ofMain Mall - No protection fromprecipitation-Merchant stations along MainMall - Food trucks/stands (e.g.bake sale, food trucks,community-service agriculture[CSA]) - Display student art ingreen space (weatherpermitting)Earth and Ocean ScienceBuilding CourtyardLarge: 85m x 60m, 5100m²large grass rectangle surroundedby concrete path - on the southwestern side of the grass there isa concrete rectangle with 3 levelsleading up to benches, tables andthree smaller rectangular patchesof green space positioned in themiddle of the rectangle - there aremultiple sets of wooden benchstyle seating and a picnic table -stone feature in middle ofconcrete area  -raised concretebench that stretches along thewestern corner of the pace inbetween the grass area and theconcrete rectangle - thin grassarea runs through the middle ofthe concrete area parallel to theconcrete bench divide - squareconcrete feature on the southerncorner - six street lights surroundthe concrete area -bike racks onthe western side of the space -twoconcrete paths cross that leadfrom main mall to one end of thegrass rectangle crossing over inthe north eastern side of the grassarea - large trees outline the northeastern side of the grassrectangle  - on the north side ofthe space there is a cafe attachedto the Earth and Ocean ScienceBuilding with outdoor seats andtables that are sheltered from rain-Fire hydrant on the south side ofthe concrete rectangle- medium amount of foot trafficin the area - large grass spaceis used infrequently for socialactivities and only used onsunny days - the seating area'sare often fully occupied onwarm sunny days - benchesand tables are all used forstudying, group discussions,eating and reading -seatingconnected to the cafe areundercover so they are alsoused on rainy days when it isn'ttoo cold - it is an adequatepathway for pedestrians atnight due to the lights- can be used at night because of thelights - rarely used in the rain and coldweather due to exposure to theelements except for undercover cafeseating -shadows from the EarthScience Building fall on the seatingnorth side of the space in the eveningsun-Outdoor Concerts dues to largegrassy area and raised levelsare adequate for the presenceof a stage or seatingEducation Road CourtyardSmall: 30m x 23m, 690m²-grass semi-circle beside aconcrete square separated by aconcrete path - small concrete artpiece of books in the middle of thegrass area- south eastern sidehas a wooden wall of Haidaartwork in between two hedges -two concrete plaques are on theeast side and s.west sides of theconcrete square - table and sixchairs are in the middle ofconcrete square - a concretebench surrounds half of the grasssemi-circle with a concrete circleand plaque on the top - individualconcrete plaques that look as ifthey were made by children linethe outside of the concrete square- flag pole in the western side ofarea - the area has greatacoustics - the south side of thespace consists of plants and trees- this area also includes beehiveswithin the green area - there iswheel chair access from bothsides of the space - man madedrainage stream that runs throughthe north eastern side of thespace- little amount of foot traffic as itis off of the main pathway - ithas privacy for social activities- used for studying -used tomaintain the bee hives-used in warm and sunny weather butnot in wet and cold weather as itprovides no cover or warmth - shadeon the eastern side of the space in themorning due to tall building on theeastern side of the spaceHaida Carving exhibited in thespace: Bernard Kerrigan Haidacarved BEd (NITEP) 1990. LLB1993; Brian Den Hertog AssistantCarver BEd 1987, Med 2005."This carving, completed in winter1986/7, depicts a legend thatcomes from the Northwest Coastof B.C. in some AboriginalCultures. The legend tells of thetime when the earth was incomplete darkness. Raven flewthrough a hole in the sky and tookthe sun in his beak. He thenbrought it back through the hole togive light to the earth."- Student engagement andeducational discussions on thebeehives, -Poetry Readings -intimate area with excellentacoustics and seating space -Educational Centre with FirstNations art could attract aneducational component to thespace -creating an cover for theoutdoor table and bench tomaintain a social presence onrainy daysSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix I: Completed matrix (9/9)
!40Marine Drive ResidenceCourtyardLarge: 109m x 80m, 8270m²large grass rectangle surroundedby concrete -the space is lowerthan the n. western concrete pathand has 3 concrete stairs thatlead down to the grass andstretch across the n. western side- other smaller grass spacesaround the concrete are on aslope leading up to the MarineDrive residence on the s. easternside - there is another grassrectangle that is smaller on the s.western side of the larger grassrectangle with several little treesspread out around the grass - onthe n. western side of the largestgrass field there are two areas -one area is a grass areasurrounded by concrete paths andthe other is a gravel spacesurrounded by concrete paths andwooden benches - there are smalltrees spread out in the gravelspace - on the south side of thecommunal Marine Drive buildingthere is a rectangular grass spacethat slopes up higher than theconcrete path on the building sideof it. - on the western side of thisgreen space there are littleconcrete squares spread out inthe grass - low lights surround thepaths that run through the space- this area is primarily used byresident students - high area offoot traffic along the pavedpathways - students can gatherin the grass field and engage inrecreational activities - benchesare occupied on sunny warmdays - students have to crossthrough the area to get to thecommon building and toclasses from their residences- used at all times of day and night dueto large amount of people in the areabut mainly for foot traffic - is exposedto cold and wet weather -Shadows arecast on the eastern side of the spacein the morning and the southern side inthe afternoon due to high residencebuildings- provide access to movablesoccer nets and balls forstudents to engage inrecreational sports within thelarger grass rectangle - unusedgravel area could be convertedto a community garden in whichresidence students couldcontribute intoStone Road CourtyardMedium: 81m x 34m, 2754m²- large green space with a widerconcrete running west to eastthrough the space and a thinnerconcrete path looping through thespace in various directions- largetree on the north western cornerof green space - water pipe underthe most western pathway - fourlarge trees in the eastern side ofthe green space - green space ison an uneven slope with the lowerside at West Mall rising easttowards Main Mall - street lampsalong wider concrete path -firehydrant on the north western sideof the wider concrete path - Thewide concrete path is lined with 3concrete bench-like structuresthat run perpendicular to it -Widerpath is also an emergency FireLane -in the middle of the spaceon the south side there is a smallbridge that goes over the waterpipe- pathways are walked on andit can be a high area of foottraffic as it connects Main Mallto West Mall - green spacesare not used to lounge orengage in recreational activitieson a common basis most likelydue to slop and uneven terrain- more of an aesthetic areathan social-used for foot traffic primarily at mosttimes in the day and night due to thelights along the footpath -also exposedto rain and cold weather - shadowsonly affect the north side of the spacein the evening due to CIRS building-More concrete benches alongthe wider path as they are oftenoccupied on sunny daysThunderbird CrescentMedium: 84m x 76m, 6384m²-oval grassy area surrounded by aconcrete path on the southeasternand southwestern sides andconcrete steps surround the northeastern corner - historical plaquesand archway are on the northeastern side of the crescent- fruittrees line the outside of thewestern side of the oval - there isa slope that is along the north,and.east, and n. west sides of theoval dipping into a flat smalleroval of grass space. - benchesfacing the crescent are on then.eastern side -apple trees linethe south western side of thecrescent- Students walk through hereoften along the path on theoutside of the oval - the stepsand benches provide a niceplace to sit on warm and sunnydays- the path on the outside of the grassoval is used at all times for foot traffic -the grass oval is only used infavourable weather - Shadows do notaffect the area as it's an open area- A tribute plaque dedicated toJulius Juhasz - a tribute plaque toHarvey Reginald Macmillan(1885-1976) who was a pioneerconservationist, industrialist andphilanthropist -  A gate oftraditional Hungarian Folk art fromTransilvania donated byMacmillan Bloedel Limited- Outdoor concerts orperformances with the stairsused for the audience and theopen grassy area can be usedfor the performance - line thesouth side of the crescent withbenches that face Main Mall -Open grass are could be usedfor community events such asfarmers marketsUniversity Boulevard &West Mall intersection(continues up UniversityBoulevard until MarthaPiper Plaza)Medium: 162m x 33m,5346m²-Two large rectangles of grass inthe middle of University boulevardseparated by education road -bothgrassy rectangles are in themiddle of wide concrete pathwayswith thinner concrete pathscrossing through it - bothrectangles are on a slope goingdown from Martha Piper Squareto West Mall - on the n. easternrectangle there is a large Orangebox-like feature that takes upabout 1/5 of the grass space thatsays it "reduces greenhouse gasemissions every month"  -- high traffic area - grass areasare used for social activitiesincluding lying down andreading - n. eastern rectangleis primarily taken up withorange feature that there islittle room for recreationalactivities- path used for foot traffic - grass areasare used for social activities in dryweather but not as common in wetweather, day or evening - shadowsdon't impact the experience of thisspace in a major way- Food Truck at the base of thegrassy area on West Mall -benches at the base of thegrassy area on West MallGreenspace in betweenEarth Science Building andWest MallLarge: 83m x 43m, 3569m²this space is a large rectanglewith 2/3rds of the space a grassyarea and 1/3rd a wide concretepathway that runs on the southside of the green space with stairsto compensate for the slope. -Theentire space is on a slope fromthe back of the Earth ScienceBuilding down to West Mall. -within the grass space is 6 thinpaved pathways and one pathwaymade by people walking on it -these pathways are runningthrough it in a fashion that makesit easier for foot commuters tonavigate the space -the lowersection of the grass space has 3large trees in a row and two setsof bush-like areas within the grassspace. - there are several lightfeatures that line the thin and widepaved pathways -The wideconcrete path is lined withconcrete bench-like structuresthat run perpendicular to it andare on the grass space. - in thehigher part of the grassy areathere are patches of tall grassesand little trees. - in the top northcorner there are two loading zoneparking spaces-high traffic area for peoplegetting around ubc- largeamounts of trees and bushes,with the slope, likely retractfrom social uses of space- high traffic of people are at all timesdue to its use as a primary pathway -not used for social activities inunfavourable weather conditions -lighting provides adequate pathway atnight -during favourable weatherpeople use the grass areas to studyand relax - the concrete benches arealso used by people to study and read- Shadows affect the edges of thespace at different times throughout theday but it doesn't seem to take awayfrom the experience of the area-Use open grass areas todisplay student art workSt, John's CollegeMedium: 74.1m x 38m,2815.8m²Medium rectangle of grasssurrounded by concrete path andthe low brick buildings of St.John's College. - Anotherconcrete path crosses parallelwith the width of the rectanglethrough middle of the rectangleand runs between two trees withtwo benches inside them - twobenches and a garbage bin are inthe north corner of the space-small trees outline the grassrectangle with low hedges on theoutside of the concrete path.-Wooden pergola over the easternside of the concrete path - Onelow level light is in the middle ofeach side of the rectangle withinthe hedges -- quiet place to sit and study -clean cut grass area for peopleto engage in small scalerecreational activities -observed people playingvolleyball on the grass- pergola provides some shelter fromthe rain - may be used occasionally onrainy days -It is still a navigable spaceat night due to the lights around therectangle - favourable weather is whenit is most used - No shade frombuildings as they are very low down.- more benches as seen in theNorthern corner placed in thesouth, east and westerncorners. - Create an undercoverarea in the above the trees andbenches that are in the middleof the grass rectangleMain Mall from the southwest side of BeatyMuseum until ThunderbirdCrescentLarge: 365m x 39m, 14235m²- long stretch of green area withtwo wide concrete pathways onthe outside of it with thinnerpathways crossing through it -trees and benches line the outsideof the concrete pathway - bikeracks on the eastern side of MainMall - light features are along theoutside of the wide pathways allalong Main Mall - uniform tree,light and bench pattern - to thenorth west you can view theocean and to the southeast youcan view a flag pole andAgronomy rd. -the buildings alongthis part of main mall have footpathways that lead to the widerpathways. - Posters on the streetlights advertising social activities -in the middle of the Main Mallspace there is a white structure onthe grass with the letter 'E' on it  -- high foot traffic area during alltimes of the day and often atnight - direct pathway from oneend of the university to theother - benches are used bystudents on any sunny daywhether it be cold or warm- shadows always affect at least oneside of the area due to the large treesthat line the space - people inhabit thespace for longer periods of time ondays when there is not wet weather -flat space- Farmers markets along thewalkway - grass areas alongMain Mall could exhibit studentart workSOCIAL MAPPING PROJECTAppendix J: Programming Map LINK: https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=zvTjKY03jYEc.k7czxADojF90 !41

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