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Life cycle assessment : Center for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) Sun, Jian Nov 19, 2013

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 UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student ReportJIAN SUNLIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT - CENTER FORINTERACTIVE RESEARCH ONSUSTAINABILITY (C I R S)CIVL 498CNovember 19, 2013University of British Columbia Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or the SEEDS Coordinator about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report”.      PROVISIO This study has been completed by undergraduate students as part of their coursework at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and is also a contribution to a larger effort – the UBC LCA Project – which aims to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA). The information and findings contained in this report have not been through a full critical review and should be considered preliminary. If further information is required, please contact the course instructor Rob Sianchuk at rob.sianchuk@gmail.com  `page2 of 88  E xecutive Summary  The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) located on 2210 West Mall; is one of the greenest buildings in British Columbia at its time of construction - developed primarily in response to the challenge of creating a more sustainable society. The LCA study was completed at the request of UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) to WUDQVSDUHQWO\FRPPXQLFDWHWKHHQYLURQPHQWDOEHQHILWVRI8QLYHUVLW\¶VILUVWQHW-zero energy and regenerative building and further pave the ways for similar future ventures. Although first of its kind study of a Green Building in UBC, CIRS LCA study is a part of UBC wide academic building LCA data repository and would contribute to knowledge built up of that database.  A formulated approach as per ISO 14044 standard, was adopted to complete the LCA study as comprehensively as possible. The approach was carried off from quantity take-off using Onscreen TakeOff software, to preparing as thorough an sorting 3 level element & assemblies as was possible from the available information, modeling was done with Athena Impact Estimator which has one of the largest life cycle inventory database in North America. Assumptions and  According  to the bill of material and summary measure of each level 3 element, which of their performance  should be compared. The  output data of product stage and construction process stage of  CIRS building and each level 3 element. From the analysis it is evident that CIRS stand up to the test of being sustainable and contributing positively towards its environment. Despite the challenges of whole building LCA study we are confident that this study would be a contribution towards knowledge built up and would encourage further such studies; strengthening the process and providing knowledge based information tool for future policies.      `page3 of 88  Lis t of Figures  Figure 1   Center for Interactive Research on Sustainability Figure 2   Rendering Initial CIRS design Figure 3    Building LCA System Boundaries According to EN 15804/1597 8 Figure 4   Generic unit processes considered within Manufacturing Construction materials by                  Impact Estimator software. F igure 5   Generic unit processes considered within Building Construciton by Impact Estimator                   software Figure 6   GWP – Cause Effect Chain Figure 7   ODP – Cause Effect Chain Figure 8   EP – Cause Effect Chain Figure 9   A P – Cause Effect Chain Figure 10   S P – Cause Effect Chain Figure 11   Human health-Air – Cause Effect Chain Figure 12  CIRS Building Fossil Fuel Consumption by life cycle stage F igure 13  CIRS Building Global Warming Potential by life cycle stage F igure 14  CIRS Building Acidification Potential by life cycle stage F igure 15  CIRS Building HH Particulate by life cycle stage Figure 16  CIRS Building Eutrophication Potential by life cycle stage F igure 17  CIRS Building Smog Potential by life cycle stage F igure 18  CIRS Building Smog Potential by life cycle stage F igure 19  Comparison to class benchmark for the building GWP                       `page4 of 88  Lis t of Tables  Table 1  Information on assessment Table 2  Functional Equivalent Definition Table 3  Building Definition for the sorted level 3 elements Table 4  Material Types and Property Inaccuracies Table  Table 5  The Indicators Used for The impact categories Table 6  The bill of material for CIRS Table 7  Summary Measure Table By Life Cycle Stages Table 8  Summary Measure for Fossil Fuel  Consumption By two life cycle stages Table 9  Summary Measure for Global Warming Potential By two life cycle stages Table 10  Summary Measure for Acidification Potential By two life cycle stages Table 11  Summary Measure for HH Particulate By two life cycle stages Table 12  Summary Measure for Eutrophication Potential By two life cycle stages Table 13  Summary Measure for Smog Potential By two life cycle stages Table 14  Summary Measure for Ozone Depletion Potential By two life cycle stages Table 15   Comparison to class benchmark for the building GWP                        `page5 of 88  1. G enera l Info rmatio n on the Ass ess ment  1.1 Purp os e of the ass e s s ment 1.1.1 Intended application.  This LCA study will be used in the ways: Conduct a study as a proof of concept for the sustainability claim of CIRS (LEED Platinum) by ascertaining the environmental impact footprint of this first-of- its-kind regenerative building. Model developed for this study is intended to be a factual knowledge contribution and testing ground for newer tools of Life cycle inventory; for that will be used to create further avenues for future Green building LCA studies.  1.1.2 R easons for carrying out the study. The LCA study was completed at the request of UBC Social Ecological Economic Development StudieV6(('6WRWUDQVSDUHQWO\FRPPXQLFDWHWKHHQYLURQPHQWDOEHQHILWVRI8QLYHUVLW\¶VILUVWnet-zero energy and regenerative building and further pave the ways for similar future ventures. Secondly, the report itself is an educational asset to help disseminate education on LCA and help further the development of this scientific method into sustainability in building construction practices at UBC and the green building industry. This study, therefore, contributes to a pool of knowledge for propagating LCA understanding and practices that are gaining acceptance at all scales of sustainable construction standards and corporate social responsibility policy. 1.1.3 Intended audience The results of this study are to be primarily communicated to the public. In addition to the general public, the LCA report is intended as a knowledge benchmark to encourage researchers and practitioners to further develop LCA studies on sustainable green buildings. 1.1.4 Intended for comparative assertions The intended for comparative assertions that describes state whether the results of this LCA study are to be compared with the results of other LCA studies. There were no comparative assertion made within the study of CIRS building, however as it is a part of a larger database, the study can be used for comparative assertions with other UBC building LCA studies.  `page6 of 88  1.2 Ide nti fica ti on of bui l din g  The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) located on 2210 West Mall is one of the greenest buildings in UBC. The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) was developed in response to the challenge of creating a more sustainable society. Its intention is to be an internationally recognized research institution that accelerates the adoption of sustainable building technologies and sustainable urban development practices in society. CIRS was designed to be the most innovative and high performance building in North America at the time of its construction. Integrated building systems, comprehensively monitored and centrally controlled, are designed to meet goals of zero carbon emissions, water self-sufficiency, net-positive energy performance and zero waste. 7KHEXLOGLQJLWVHOIDFWVDVD³OLYLQJODERUDWRU\´WKDWDOORZVUHVHDUFKDQGLQYHVWLJDWLRQRIFXUUHQWand future sustainable building technologies, as well as the impact of inhabitant's actions and engagement with the systems. Partners from private, public, and non-government organization sectors share the research facility, working with dedicated CIRS researchers to identify areas for innovation in sustainable technologies and practices and to create a springboard for their development and widespread implementation. As a concept and a process, CIRS has been an ongoing venture since 1999. The project went through three different iterations, at different sites and with different owners and inhabitants over that time. Dr. John R RELQVRQSURSRVHGDQLGHDWRFUHDWHD³%&6KRZFDVH´IRUWKH&,56SURJUDPCIRS was constructed with a total cost of $23 Million and was officially inaugurated in September 2011. CIRS building is 5,675 m2 (61,085 ft 2 ) on a site area of 2,008 m2 (21,614 ft 2 ). The structure is comprised of a pair of four-storey office/lab blocks running east west, linked by an atrium which acts as building lobby and entry to a 450 -seat lecture auditorium for general campus use. The program of interior spaces contains a mix of academic office spaces, dry labs, meeting rooms, social spaces and service spaces. The basement of the building holds building services, storage facility, a locker and shower facility, and electrical, mechanical and plumbing spaces for the building systems  `page7 of 88  Figure 1 - Center for Interactive Research on Sustainability                                Figure 2 - Rendering Initial CIRS design   1 .3  Other Ass es s me nt Inf or mati on The table below is a summary of general assessment information. This help better to understand the system of the study. The project was complete reference to life cycle assessment on CIRS building completed on 2011.  Table 1  Information on assessment Client for Assessment Completed as coursework in Civil Engineering technical elective course at the University of British Columbia. Name and qualification of the assessor  Jian Sun, MEng  Civil Engineering Student  Impact Assessment method On Screen TakeOff Version 3.9.0.6                 &UDGOHWR*DWH´PHWKRG    Athena impact estimator for building Version4.2.0208  Point of Assessment 2 years  Period of Validity 5 years.  Date of Assessment  Completed in December 2013.  Verifier Student work, study not verified.   `page8 of 88  2.0 Genera l Info rma tio n on the Object of Ass essment  2.1 Funct io nal Eq ui v alen t  Functional unit  A performance characteristic of the product system being studied that will be used as a reference unit to normalize the results of the study. Definition of the functional unit or performance characteristics is the foundation of an LCA ,because the functional unit sets the scale for comparison of two or more products including improvement to one product (system). All data collected in the inventory phase will be related to the functional unit. When comparing different products fulfilling the same function, definition of the functional unit is of particular importance. One of the main purposes for a functional unit is to provide a reference to which the input and output data are normalized. A functional unit of the system shall be clearly defined and measurable. The result of the measurement of the performance is the reference flow. Comparisons between systems shall be done on the basis of the same function, measured by the same functional unit in the form of equivalent reference flows.. Table.2 Functional Equivalent Definition  Aspect of Object of Assessment Description  Building Type A space for multidisciplinary education and research Technical and functional requirements LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental 'HVLJQ*UHHQ%XLOGLQJ5DWLQJ6\VWHPŒDQG7KHLiving Building Challenge (LBC).  The Science and Technology Commons, Sustainability Edu cation Resource Centre, BC Hydro Theatre , Policy Lab, Building Simulation Software Lab, Solar Simulation Daylighting Lab , Building Monitoring and Assessment Lab, CIRS Lecture Hall (Modern Green Auditorium), &,56,QKDELWDQWV¶VSDFH Pattern of use Monday  to Friday  (0800 - 1730),  Sat/Sun/Holidays  closed Required service life 60 years or longer.   `page 10  of 88  generate a cradle- to-grave LCI profile for the building. In this study, LCI profile results focus on the manufacturing (inclusive of raw material extraction), transportation of construction materials to site and their installation as structure and envelope assemblies of the Angus Building. As the CIRS building of LCA study,  is a cradle- to- gate assessment, the expected service life of the CIRS Building is set to 1 year, which results in the maintenance, operating energy and end- of-OLIHVWDJHVRIWKHEXLOGLQJ¶VOLIHF\FOHEHLQJOHIWRXWVLGHWKHVFRSHRIDVVHVVPHQW According to the Canadian Institution of Quantity Surveyors (CIQS), the IE input document was sorted  by using of  level 3 elements with some adjustment to suit the scope of CIRS building assessment. The assemblies of the CIRS building that are modeled include footings, slab on grade, column and beams, floors, stairs, walls, roofs, interior doors and windows opening and their associated envelope. Some of the components in CIQS level 3 elements such as shoring, finishes, exterior doors and screens, and interior door frame and hardware were omitted in the object of assessment because of limitations of available data and the IE software, as well as to minimize the uncertainty of the model.  The quantity takeoffs for each element were calculated using combination of CIRS building architectural drawings and OnScreen TakeOff file provided from 2012 study. Table 3 below summarize the information for CIQS level 3 elements. Obviously,  the measurement for both A21 foundation and A22 lowest floor construction are the sum of total area of the slab-on-grade. A22 uppe r floor construction is measured using the sum of the total area of all upper floors. Sum of total area of the roofs measured from outside face of exterior wall was used for A23 roof construction quantity measurement. A31 walls below grade and A32 walls above grade were calculated using the sum of total surface area of exterior wall above and below grade. Finally, B11 partition section is measurement of sum of the total surface area of interior walls.      `page 11  of 88  Table 3 Building Definition for the sorted level 3 elements CIVIL 498C Level 3 Elements Description Quantity (Amount) Units A11   Foundation Wall and column footings . 1309  M2  A21   Lowest Floor Construction The slab- on- grade. 1439.8  M2  A22   Upper Floor Construction All upper floor(s) measured from the outside face of the exterior walls.  3635  M 2  A23   Roof Construction The roof(s) measured from the outside face of the exterior walls.  1854  M 2  A31   Walls Below Grade The exterior walls above grade.  1877.4  M2  A32   Walls Above Grade The exterior walls below grade  that include curtain walls, walls cast in place and concrete block. 6900.5  M 2  B11 Partitions The interior walls, door opening, window opening and envelope. 2543.9  M 2           `page 12  of 88  3.0 Sta tement of Boundaries and Scena rios Used in the Assessment 3.1 Sys te m Bou n dar y System Boundary- Details the extent of the product system to be studied in terms of product components, life cycle stages, and unit processes.   The ISO standards indicate that inputs to a product or process do not need to be included in an LCI if  they do not represent a significant fraction of the total mass of processed materials or product, they do not contribute significantly to a toxic emission, and they do not represent a significant amount of energy.  The selection of the system boundary shall be consistent with the goal of the study (ISO 14044); for the LCA study of the CIRS building,  we are only modeling processes from construction product manufacturing till building construction process. Any processes beyond and after our system boundary, is not part of this study and such should be well understood prior to any comparative assertions with other products with varied boundary conditions, for example, existing building/site preparation. Figure 3  inserted in the previous give a general perspective of modular information for the different stages of the building assessment based on default EN 15798 LCA standard.   For building life cycle and its' sub stages, they both have their own upstream and downstream. Upstream is towards energy and resource extraction as well as downstream is towards use and waste handling. For building life cycle, module A is upstream and modules B, C are downstream. Each module also has its upstream and downstream, like for production stage, the upstream is: raw material supply, and downstream is manufacturing. For construction process stage, the upstream is transport and the downstream are construction insulation process. 3.2 Pro d uc t Sta ge The product stage is also known as " cradle to gate" for the building products. Cradle- to- gate is an assessment of a partial product life cycle from resource extracti on (cradle) to the factory gate. The use phase and disposal phase of the product are omitted in the whole building LCA. [1]  The product stage includes three sub process: raw material supply, transport and manufacturing `page 13  of 88  modules. The LCA models developed to describe the impacts were created in the Impact Estimator software  ³$WKHQD(,´XVLQJWKHXQLWSURFHVVHVZLWKLQWKHPDLQSURFHVVHVLOOXVWUDWHGpreviously in Figure 4 .   The energy use in raw material supply include all the active in order to extract the raw resources . The development of life cycle inventory data starts here, by tracking energy use and emissions to air, water and land per unit of resource. The transportation of raw resources  For the concrete construction product of  CIRS building  After the raw material acquisition completed, the material will be either delivered to a concrete mixing plant to produce concrete for construction and then concrete will be ship to construction site to cast in place, or concrete block would be form at manufacture and concrete block will be shipped to construction site for installation.   Figure 4 - Manufacturing Construction materials by   Impact Estimator software. 3.3 Cons truc ti on Sta ge  For t he construction stage of CIRS building,  the construction material from upstream process (construction product) to construction site, and on- site construction. Athena building impact estimator  evaluate the construction stage for the CIRS building and the process of the construction stage is shown blow see figure 5 . `page 14  of 88  The transport distance should be considered from material/ component manufacture place to construction site in term of  the transportation of construction stage. The construction process stage divide the stage into two process module: transport and construction installation. Onsite construction could be considered as an additional step for manufacture that individual components are installed according to form the building structure. The individual assemblies was transported from manufactory location at the stage starts. In order to account for transport distance, an average of the transportation distance site are applied for some major cities. This is an important life cycle stages that is often omitted in LCA for the product. In addition to building product transportation, waste generation, and the energy use of machines like cranes and mixers, the on- site construction activity stage includes such items as the transportation of equipment to and from the site, concrete form- work, and temporary heating and ventilation.[2]    Figure 5 - Building Construction by Impact Estimator software        `page 15  of 88  4. Environmenta l Data  4.1 Data Sourc es   4.1.1 Athen a LCI Dat abase Athena research teams follow common building materials from cradle- to-grave to calculate the HQYLURQPHQWDOHIIHFWVDWHDFKVWDJHLQWKHSURGXFW¶VOLIHF\FOH   From the beginning, the Athena Institute has been conducting life cycle research, developing an ever- growing set of comprehensive, comparable life cycle inventory (LCI) databases for building materials and products. In fact, most of the research at Athena goes into developing, verifying and updating the databases that form the basis of the Athena software tools.  Athena experts conduct  research independently to accomplish core program objectives, and work with industry to conduct thorough life cycle inventories. For example, in its original gypsum wallboard study, Athena studied not only regular gypsum board, but also the related finishing tapes and muds as well as fire resistant, moisture resistant, shaft- liner, mobile home and gypsum fiberboard. As a result, Athena provides users of its software tools with an unparalleled level of detail and specificity.  The Athena Institute has developed data not only for building materials and products but also for energy use, transportation, construction and demolition processes including on- site construction RIDEXLOGLQJ¶VDVVHPEOLHVPDLQWHQDQFHUHSDLUDQGUHSODFHPHQWHIIHFWVWKURXJKWKHRSHUDWLng life, and demolition and disposal. [3]   $WKHQD¶VGatabases are regionally sensitive, taking into consideration manufacturing technology, transportation and electricity grid differences as well as recycled content differences for products produced in various regions. Athena databases are built from the ground up using actual mill or engineered process models and are not reliant on trade or government data sources. [3]   Maintenance of Athena materials databases is often supported by research contracts from  industry. However, updating the life cycle inventory  data for construction systems and processes, for demolition and end- of- life processes, for missing materials and systems not otherwise funded,  `page 16  of 88   and for improvements in the software tools themselves requires support from Athena membership fees and from research grants. This core support enables Athena to move its data and tools to the next generation of construction sector demands. [3]   4.1.2 US LCI Dat abase NREL and its partners created the U.S. Life Cyc le Inventory (LCI) Database to help Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) experts answer their questions about environmental impacts.   This database provides a cradle- to- grave accounting of the energy and material flows into and out of the environment that are associated with producing a material, component, or assembly. The critically reviewed LCI data are consistent with a common research protocol and with international standards. The LCI data support efforts to develop product LCAs, support systems, and LCA tools.  15(/¶V86/&,'DWDEDVHLVDFROOHFWLRQRIXQLWSURFHVVHV3(,17(51$7,21$/KDVintegrated this database into GaBi format. The result: the  NREL U.S. LCI Integrated   - available to all GaBi software users free of charge upon request.  [4]   :KHQ\RX¶UHXVHGWRZRUNLQJZLWKFUDGOH- to- JDWHGDWDVHWV WKH86/&,'DWDEDVH¶VXQLWSURFHVVHVmay present a challenge and for many they are not directly applicable in practical LCA studies.  PE INTERNATIONAL has taken these unit processes and modelled them back to the cradle using the U.S. boundary conditions for energy, upstream processes and resources, thereby adding value to the U.S. LCI Database for GaBi users . [4]      `page 17  of 88  4.2 Data Adj us t men t s and Subs ti t uti ons Table 4 Material Types and Property Inaccuracies Table Level 3 Element Geometry Measurement (ex. height, length, thickness takeoffs for wall or material, door/window counts) Type and Property Selection (ex. concrete strength, rebar size, roof/floor loading, etc.) Description of Inaccuracy (ies)  IE Input(s) Effected  Description of Inaccuracy (ies) IE Input(s) Effected A11 Foundations N/A  N/A  Unknown % flyash, thickness , and concrete, assumption must be made Concrete SoG_Mech Mat_150mm  A21 Lowest Floor Construction Inconsistent area measurement for Athena and on- screen take off Floor_F10_SLAB - ON -GRADE  Unknown % concrete flyash, thickness , and material, assumption must be made Floor_F10_SLAB -ON - GRADE  A22 Upper Floor Construction Unknown  area measurement for Athena and on- screen take off LAM INATED WOOD  Unknown  Category and Material ,    assumption must be made L AMINATED WOOD  A23 Roof Construction Unknown  area measurement for Athena and on- screen take off Green roof , Roof_R2_LAM INATED- WOOD - PAVING -STONE  The TPO was used but IE model is EPDM white. The EPDM white is basically same as TPO  A31 Walls Below Grade Inconsistent inputs of Length  between excel and Athena for  Wall of the basement Wall_Cast - in-place_E1 -SW5_Basement  Inconsistent  material of the basement wall,    assumption must be made Wall_Cast - in-place_E1 -SW5_Basement  A32 Walls Above Grade N/A  N/A  Unknown  Category and Material ,    assumption must be made Wall Steel Stud `page 18  of 88  B11 Partitions N/A  N/A  Unknown  the Sheathing Type, Stud Spacing, Stud Weight, and Stud Thickness  of Steel Stud Wall_Wood stud_Steel stud_WA7.3_   According to the information of CIRS building LCA study from table 4.  it can be obtain that the improvement strategies were applied to improve the data accuracy. For example, the construction area was recalculated for inconsistent measurement on excel input and Athena IE input, and inaccurate measurement input was corrected; Inconsistent material for wall and roof was input and in order to improve the data accuracy to replace with similar material; Some of the material data accuracy improvement strategies are suggested such as improvement on Athena LCI database and site visit to collect information. After the above improvement is completed, nevertheless, There are a number of the inaccuracy for the CIRS building and they need to be improved. 4.3 Data Qual it y Data quality describes the characteristics of the data. The five types of uncertainties in LCA study were described in the section, which are database, model, temporal, spatial and variability between sources respectively. According to the collection/allocation method used to generate data, availability or accuracy of the LCI database, uncertainty of service life of product, and differences in transport potential, the data uncertainty could be produced by the reason of above. Da ta uncertainty  also could impact LCI and LCA study.  Modeling  uncertainty could be inputted in difference between linear and nonlinear modeling, For example, the length of a specific component (wall length) for the linear assessment. it result could affect by unknown potential effect of characterization factor. Some of the simplifi ed model could be generated  by the characteristic of model uncertainty, because there may be unknown interaction between building parameters.  `page 19  of 88  Temporal uncertainty is occurred due to time difference such as waste emission rate varies in different year, or data vintage. The impact result could be affected because of different interpretation over time..  Spatial uncertainty is due to difference in regions. According to the production standard for material were generated in factories, so the factories located at different regions. Also, different region could potentially have varied sensitivity towards different environmental impact. the Athena LCI and US LCI database adapt North American standard for the its development of . Thus, the uncertainty in CIRS building LCI data source is mitigated. Variability between data sources is due to difference in technologies that the product is produced. Also, it could be caused by different human exposure pattern. (eg, high population density vs. low population density of the area. Overall, OnScreenTakeOff software were used for quantity take off to reduce the potential uncertainty in LCI data source. Also, the software used in for assessment, Athena building impact estimator is used to suit North America standard and the database include the Vancouver region. Thus, other uncertainties are decreased such as temporal, spatial and variability between sources. However, some uncertainty could be introduced  because of choices. If the building modeling is simplified, the exact cause-effect mechanism may be not captured.         `page 20  of 88  5.0 Lis t of Ind icators Used for Ass es sment and Express io n of Resu lts LCIA methodology and types of impacts- State the methodology used to characterize the LCI results and the impact categories that will address the environmental and other issues of concern.  In a Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA), essentially two methods are followed: problem-oriented methods (mid points) and damage-oriented methods (end points). For the purpose of our study we used problem oriented (mid- SRLQWPHWKRGRORJ\WKURXJK³7RROIRUWKH5HGXFWLRQDQG$VVHVVPHQWRI&KHPLFDODQGRWKHUHQYLURQPHQWDO,PSDFWV75$&,´ZKLFKZDVGHYHORSHGE\the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). In the problem-oriented approaches, flows are classified into environmental themes (impact categories) to which they contribute.   The impact categories selected and the units used to express them (i.e. category indicators) are listed below.   Table 5 The Indicators Used forThe impact categories  Characterized by Impact category Category indicator US EPA-TRACI Global warming potential  Kg CO 2  equivalents  US EPA-TRACI Ozone depletion potential  Kg CFC- 11 equivalents US EPA-TRACI Eutrophication potential  Kg N eq uivalents US EPA-TRACI Acidification potential Kg SO2  equivalents US EPA-TRACI Smog formation potential Kg O3 eq uivalents US EPA-TRACI H uman health respiratory effects potential Kg PM 2.5  equivalents Athena Institute Fossil Fuel Consumption  MJ  Athena Institute Weighted raw resource  Kg            `page 23  of 88  6.0 Model Development  CIRS building modeling information for this project is sorted based on Canadian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (CIQS) level 3 elements for input information to Athena impact estimator. The elements is reorganized from previous model as following: foundations, lowest floor construction, upper floor construction, roof construction, walls below grade and walls above grade. The above table 3 in section 2.3 provides a summary of level 3 elements and general description of each component. The sorting of the data are emphasized by the stage 3 of model improvement, and the stage 3 of model improvement fit CIQS level 3 elements requirement as well as possible improvements to the accuracy of previous model.  For the  table 4 in section 4.2 that summarized in previous section, some inconsistency in data entries were found from previous model and adjustment, which were made correct errors.  Moreover, some uncertainties  were created, which due to lack of information. Therefore, from the site visits to collection of the information, and further research and LCA study to expend the LCI database, which is recommended to improve the accuracy of inventory data. Following table summarize the bill of material generated by Athena IE software. This is an estimation of all the types of materials used for building and their corresponding values is produced. The quantities were not taken from the quantity take off documents, as they were measures of the assemblies of building products not the constituent materials. Athena IE breaks down all the building assemblies into their respective quantities through complex back ground calculation algorithms and data manipulation from its data inventory. Bill of materials for CIRS as retrieved from Athena IE is shown below: Table 6  The b ill of material for CIRS Material Quantity  Unit 1/2"  Gypsum  Fibre Gypsum  Board  36.96 m2 1/2"  Moisture Resistant Gypsum  Board  348.0 m2 1/2"  Regular  Gypsum  Board  821.915 m2 12 Ga.  Steel Roof 3131.0 m2 3 mil Polyethylene  44.123 m2 5/8"  Regular  Gypsum  Board  7016.725 m2 6 mil Polyethylene  7442.743 m2 `page 24  of 88  Aluminum 35.913 Tonnes Blown  Cellulose 576.063 m2 (25mm) Cold  Rolled  Sheet 0.207 Tonnes Concrete  30 MPa  (flyash 25%)  719.929 m3 Concrete  30 MPa  (flyash 35%)  89.78 m3 Concrete  30 MPa  (flyash av) 1066.79 m3 Concrete  60 MPa  (flyash av) 526.686 m3 Concrete  Blocks  5387.92 Blocks Concrete  Brick  1079.217 m2 Concrete  Tile 107.085 m2 Double  Glazed  Hard  Coated  Argon  361.16 m2 EPDM  membrane (black,  60 mil) 1784.762 kg EPDM  membrane (white,  60 mil) 12060.414 kg Expanded  Polystyrene  13255.059 m2 (25mm) FG  Batt R11-15 10099.976 m2 (25mm) Galvanized  Sheet 6.052 Tonnes Galvanized  Studs  6.625 Tonnes Glazing  Panel  165.666 Tonnes GluLam  Sections  464.662 m3 Hollow  Structural  Steel 121.16 Tonnes Joint Compound  8.015 Tonnes Large  Dimension  Softwood  Lumber, Green  359.727 m3 Large  Dimension  Softwood  Lumber, kiln - 4.768 m3 MDI  resin 44.186 kg Mortar 20.038 m3 MW  Batt R11-15 8151.977 m2 (25mm) Nails 1.473 Tonnes Oriented  Strand  Board  237.051 m2 (9mm) Paper  Tape  0.092 Tonnes Polyiso  Foam Board  (unfaced)  662.598 m2 (25mm) PVC  Membrane 48 mil 00  kg Rebar, Rod,  Light  Sections  98.728 Tonnes Screws  Nuts &  Bolts 1.731 Tonnes Small Dimension  Softwood  Lumber, kiln - 65.729 m3 Softwood  Plywood  3899.281 m2 (9mm) Solvent Based Alkyd Paint  21.2242 L Solvent Based Varnish  21.2242 L Water Based Latex Paint  21.2242 L Welded Wire Mesh / Ladder Wire  2.6389  Tonnes     `page 25  of 88  7.0 Communica tion of Assessment Resu lts Lif e Cycl e Res u lts According  to the bill of material and summary measure table of each level 3 element, which of their performance  should be compared. The  output data of product stage and construction process stage of  CIRS building and each level 3 element are list below.  Table 7 Summary Measure Table By Life Cycle Stages  PRODUCT CONSTRUCTION PROCESS Summary Measures Manufacturing Transport Total Construction-installation Process Transport Total Fossil Fuel Consumption (MJ) 19207080.95 629796.67 19836878 1391990.11 979026.62 2371016.7 Global Warming Potential (kg CO2 eq) 1753506.52 36516.92 1790023.4 118611.90 58615.45 177227.36 Acidification Potential (kg SO2 eq) 14009.36 226.86 14236.23 879.32 345.22 1224.55 HH Particulate (kg PM2.5 eq) 7066.1 6.36 7072.46 137.96 9.83 147.79 Eutrophication Potential (kg N eq) 770.7507519 15.86 786.62 53.52 24.25 77.782 Ozone Depletion Potential (kg CFC-11 eq) 0.01370285 1.4865E-06 0.0137043 0.000987127 2.3515E-06 0.0009895 Smog Potential (kg O3 eq) 180581.7613 8031.16 188612.92 19310.27 12205.90 31516.18     `page 33  of 88  referenc e 1. Jump up  Franklin Associates, A Division of Eastern Research Group. "Cradle- to-gate Life Cycle Inventory of Nine Plastic Resins and Four Polyurethane Precursors" . The Plastics Division of the American Chemistry Council. Retrieved 2012-10-31.  2. Athena Sustainable Material Institute, 2013 . http://www.athenasmi.org/  3. Athena Sustainable Material Institute,  2013.  http://www.athenasmi.org/  our-software-data/lca-databases/ 4.  National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), 2009 . http://www.gabi-software.com/   5. Canadian Standards Association. (2006). CSA Standard CAN/CSA - ISO 14040:06. International Organization for Standardization (ISO).  6. $WKHQD6XVWDLQDEOH0DWHULDOV,QVWLWXWH³/LIH&\FOHLQYHQWRU\RI,&,URRILQJV\VWHPV2QVLWHFRQVWUXFWLRQHIIHFWV´2WWDZD               `page 34  of 88  A nnex A -Interp reta tio n of Ass ess ment Results Benc hmark Deve lop men t Benchmark development is intended aim for this project for the LCA , and will help intended audience to make decision with the benchmark result. There are the flowing added benefit to LCA study for the Benchmark: Development of benchmark allowing intended audience to better interoperate LCA based information. Benchmark development utilize the application of LCA study incorporate to design decision-making, which before further suitable application could be formed. For the applied  the benchmark to LCA study, benchmark development should be made upon same functional unit and same goal and scope for comparative assertion to make the comparison valid. Conclusion cannot be drawn based on different scope and functional unit. According to goal and scope and modeling method. So the result comparison of the study of UBC building life cycle assessment is valid.  UBC Aca de mic Buil d ing Benc hmark The following graph was developed based on October 21, 2013 benchmark result. An average of all the buildings GWP impact was calculated use as benchmark reference. Table 15 introduces the comparison to class benchmark for the building GWP. Table 15   Comparison to class benchmark for the building GWP.  GMP  Impact    CIRS Benchmark % Difference A11 Foundations 134.03  333.04  60%  A21 Lowest Floor Construction 34.24  143.1  76%  A22 Upper Floor Construction 69.79  532.25  87%  A23 Roof Construction 186  594.47  69%  A31 Walls Below Grade 151.73  790.19  80%  A32 Walls Above Grade 105.77  159.54  34%  B11 Partitions 13.51  125.23  89%    `page 36  of 88  Ann ex B -Reco mmenda tio ns for LCA Use  Life cycle assessment is a technique developed to evaluate potential environmental impact account for all the product life cycle from manufacturing to end of life disposal. For the purpose of this project, only part of building life was evaluated in the study. Production stage and manufacturing stage are the only two components for evaluation. Usage stage includes use, maintenance, repair, replacement, refurbishment, operational energy use and operational water use are eliminated from the analysis. Also, end of life stage include demolition, transportation, waste processing and disposal were left out of the scope. However, it is essential to include all of the life stages into studies in order to draw valid conclusion for building performance, and make the recommendation to UBC stakeholder. Some of the material in construction stage could potentially have higher cost energy consumption; however, it could save reduce amount of energy required in long run. Therefore, only partial of the stage is not valid to provide conclusive result, further development on modules beyond product and construction is recommended. After a valid result is found based on LCA study, engineers, LCA practitioners and UBC stakeholders could use the impact to result to utilize the design to minimize the potential negative environmental impact not only in short period time but also take into the consideration of building operation and disposal for its expected service life. At this stage, some of the recommendation could be used based on difference in construction method and material selection to mitigate some of the potential impact. The structural and architectural drawing digitalized and most of the details are legible for the purpose of the quantity takeoff. Previous student did thorough job on tracing of the structural drawing onto OnScreen TakeOff software, very minor mistakes were existed and they are within tolerance range. However, there some lack of data issues when transferring input to Athena IE software due to availability of LCI database. Therefore some assumption must be made such as concrete capacity and flyash percentage. One of the issues associated with LCA study application is prioritizing impact categories. Some of the mitigation factors to certain impact categories might cause more serious problem to other one. For example, in CIRS building study result, choose the material that has lot eutrophication potential might increase other environmental impact such as GWP, and acidification potential. `page 37  of 88  Since some of the problems are regional sensitive and problems scales are also different, it is important to prioritizing when making design decision. A continuing development involve life cycle module beyond the production and construction is recommend to better assist decision-making. To improve data quality, all of the building drawing should be unified, digitalized, and imported to Onscreen TakeOff software for consistence, and this will also reduce temporal uncertainty. Periodical checking and updating of the database is also suggestion to improve the accuracy and availability of the data source. With the more valid result that include entire building cycle analysis, UBC could reference the result when doing further construction, and find the most utilized material selection, construction method, structural design component, and demolition and disposal method to minimize the potential impacts.               `page 38  of 88  Ann ex C -Autho r Reflect io n    Name Description Select the content code most appropriate for each attribute from the dropdown menu Comments on which of the CEAB graduate attributes you believe you had to demonstrate during your final project experience. 1 Knowledge Base  Demonstrated competence in university level mathematics, natural sciences, engineering fundamentals, and specialized engineering knowledge appropriate to the program. IA = introduced & applied LCA knowledge was introduced and applied to the final project 2 Problem Analysis  An ability to use appropriate knowledge and skills to identify, formulate, analyze, and solve complex engineering problems in order to reach substantiated conclusions. DA = developed & applied The analytical skill was further developed and applied in to completion of final project 3 Investigation  An ability to conduct investigations of complex problems by methods that include appropriate experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of information in order to reach valid conclusions. DA = developed & applied Some of the final report component required research to obtain information 4 Design An ability to design solutions for complex, open - ended engineering problems and to design systems, components or processes that meet specified needs with appropriate attention to health and safety risks, applicable standards, and economic, environmental, cultural and societal considerations. A = applied  This skill was applied to complete outline steps to operationalize LCA method  5 Use for Engineering Tools An ability to create, select, apply, adapt, and extend appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering tools to a range of engineering activities, from simple to complex, with an understanding of the associated limitations. IDA = introduced, developed & applied  Athena IE software and Onscreen TakeOff were introduced and applied for the final program, the skill was developed 6 Individual and Team Work  An ability to work effectively as a member and leader in teams, preferably in a multi-DA = developed & applied Team work mostly completed during class discussion, and completion `page 39  of 88  disciplinary setting. of benchmark  7 Communication An ability to communicate complex engineering concepts within the profession and with society at large. Such ability includes reading, writing, speaking and li stening, and the ability to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, and to give and effectively respond to clear instructions. A = applied  Written communication skill was applied to complete final report 8 Professionalism   An understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the professional engineer in society, especially the primary role of protection of the public and the public interest. A = applied   N/A  9 Impact of Engineering on Society and the Environment An abilit y to analyze social and environmental aspects of engineering activities.  Such ability includes an understanding of the interactions that engineering has with the economic, social, health, safety, legal, and cultural aspects of society, the uncertainties in the prediction of such interactions; and the concepts of sustainable design and development and environmental stewardship. A = applied  LCA study is analyzing the environmental impact of the product life cycle and associated with society aspect 10 Ethics and Equity  An ability to apply professional ethics, accountability, and equity.  A = applied   N/A  11 Economics and Project Management  An ability to appropriately incorporate economics and business practices including project, risk, and change management into the practice of engineering and to understand their limitations. IA = introduced & applied Building Cost estimate 12 Life - long Learning  An ability to identify and to address their own educational needs in a changing world in ways sufficient to maintain their competence and to allow them to contribute to the advancement of knowledge.  IDA = introduced, developed & applied   N/A   `page 40  of 88  Ann ex D – Impact Estimator Inp uts and Ass umption Element Quantity Units Assembly Type Assembly Name Input Fields Known/Measured Information IE Inputs A 11 Foundations  1309  m 2          1.1.1  Concrete SoG  1.1.1.1 SoG_Mech Mat_150mm  Length (ft)  73.79672  90.42           Width (ft) 73.79672  90.42           Thickness (in)  6  4           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  30  25           Rebar 10M  10M                        1.1.1.2 SoG_Mat_1_150mm_Auditorium  Length (ft)  10.8  13.24           Width (ft) 10.8  13.24           Thickness (in)  6  4           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  30  25           Rebar                           1.1.1.3 SoG_Mat_2_150mm_Auditorium  Length (ft)  16.2  19.86           Width (ft) 16.2  19.86           Thickness (in)  6  4           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  30  25           Rebarr                           1.1.2 Concrete Footing 1.1.2.1 Elevator_Footing_NorthWest  Length (ft)  4.27  4.27           Width (ft) 4.27  4.27           Thickness (in)  12  12           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 15M  15M                        1.1.2.1 Elevator_Footing_NorthEast  Length (ft)  4.1  4.1           Width (ft) 4.1  4.1           Thickness (in)  12  12           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 15M  15M                        1.1.2.2 PullPit_Footing_200mm  Length (ft)  3.34  3.34           Width (ft) 1.8  1.8           Thickness (in)  8  8           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000  `page 41  of 88           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 15M  15M                        1.1.2.3 Footing_F1 (Strip) Length (ft)  77.75  77.75           Width (ft) 4  4           Thickness (in)  10  10           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 20M  20M                        1.1.2.4 Footing_F2 (Strip)  Length (ft)  212.082  212.082           Width (ft) 4.333  4.333           Thickness (in)  10  10           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 20M  20M                        1.1.2.5 Footing_F3 (Strip)  Length (ft)  104.21  104.21           Width (ft) 2.1667  2.1667           Thickness (in)  8  8           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 15M  15M                        1.1.2.6 Footing_F4  Length (ft)  40.002  40.002           Width (ft) 40.002  40.002           Thickness (in)  12  12           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 25M  20M                        1.1.2.7 Footing_F5  Length (ft)  12  12           Width (ft) 12  12           Thickness (in)  14  14           Concrete (psi) 4350  4000           Concrete flyash %  50  35           Rebar 25M  20M                 A21 Lowest Floor Construction 1439.8  m 2                 Concrete Slab on Grade  Floor_F10_SLAB - ON - GRADE  Area (m 2 ) 1179  1179           Span (m) 9.8  12.2           Width (m) 120.3061224  145.15           Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8  `page 42  of 88           Category Concrete Concrete          Material  Concrete slab Concrete slab          Thickness (mm)  150  100           Concrete flyash %  0.3  0.25           Concrete (mPa)  30  30           Category Vapour barrier  Vapour barrier          Material  -  Poly           Thickness (mm)  -  6                        Floor_F11_SLAB - ON - GRADE -RAISED - FLOOR  Area (m 2 ) 260.8  260.8           Span (m) 9.8  12.2           Width (m) 26.6122449  32.1           Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8           Category Concrete Concrete          Material  Concrete slab Concrete slab          Thickness (mm)  150  100           Concrete flyash %  0.3  0.25           Concrete (mPa)  30  30           Category Vapour barrier  Vapour barrier          Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6                 A22 Upper Floor Construction 3635  m 2                  2.2.1  Concrete Columns 2.2.1.1  Column_Concrete_C1 & C4_Beam_N/A_Basement  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns 5  5            Floor to floor height (ft) 11.5  11.5            Bay sizes (ft)  24.75  24.75            Supported span (ft) 22.65  22.65            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.1.1.2  Column_Concrete_C2_Beam_N/A_Basement Number  of Beams 0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13.75  13.75            Bay sizes (ft)  45.25  45.25  `page 43  of 88            Supported span (ft) 20  20            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.1.2  Column_Concrete_C2_Beam_N/A_GroundLevel  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  2  2            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  45.25  45.25            Supported span (ft) 20  20            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.1.3  Column_N/A_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Hor (Auditorium)  Number of Beams  2  2            Number of Columns  0  0            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  71  71            Supported span (ft) 11  11            Live load (psf)  100  100                       2.2.2 Wooden Columns & Beams 2.2.2.1  Column_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Vert (Wings)  Number of Beams  23  23            Number of Columns  45  45            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.1.1Column_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Horizontal (Wings)  Number of Beams  37  37            Number of Columns  40  40            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  10  10            Supported span (ft) 8  8  `page 44  of 88            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.1.2 Column_N/A_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Vert (Auditorium)  Number of Beams  7  7            Number of Columns  2  2            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  45.25  45.25            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.1.3 Column_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Atrium  Number of Beams  1  1            Number of Columns  2  2            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  45  45            Supported span (ft) 4  4            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.1.4 Column_Beam_Glulam_GroundLevel_Connecting lobby_Hor  Number of Beams  6  6            Number of Columns  6  6            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  18.85  18.85            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.1 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_GroundLevel_Stairs  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13  `page 45  of 88            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.2 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_GroundLevel_Elev shaft  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  9  9            Supported span (ft) 5.25  5.25            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.3  Column_Beam_Glulam_Level2_Vert (Wings) Number of Beams  23  23            Number  of Columns 45  45            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.4 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level2_Horizontal (Wings) Number of Beams  37  37            Number of Columns  40  40            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  10  10            Supported span (ft) 8  8            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.5 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level2_Atrium Number of Beams  1  1            Number of Columns  2  2  `page 46  of 88            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  45  45            Supported span (ft) 4  4            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.5 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level2_Connecting lobby_Hor  Number of Beams  6  6            Number of Columns  6  6            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  18.85  18.85            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.1 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Level2_Stairs  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.2 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Level2_Elev shaft  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft) 9  9            Supported span (ft) 5.25  5.25            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.3  Column_Beam_Glulam_Level3_Vert (Wings) Number of Beams  23  23            Number of Columns  45  45  `page 47  of 88            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.4 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level3_Horizontal (Wings)  Number of Beams  37  37            Number of Columns  40  40            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  10  10            Supported span (ft) 8  8            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.5 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level3_Atrium Number of Beams  1  1            Number of Columns  2  2            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  45  45            Supported span (ft) 4  4            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.5 Column_Beam_Glulam_Level3_Connecting lobby_Hor  Number of Beams  6  6            Number of Columns  6  6            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  18.85  18.85            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.1 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Level3_Stairs  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4  `page 48  of 88            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf) 100  100                                          2.2.2.2.2 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Level3_Elev shaft  Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  9  9            Supported span (ft) 5.25  5.25            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.3  Column_Beam_Glulam_Roof_Vert (Wings) Number of Beams  23  23            Number of Columns  45  45            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                          2.2.2.2.4 Column_Beam_Glulam_Roof_Horizontal (Wings) Number of Beams                Number of Columns  37  37            Floor to floor height (ft) 40  40            Bay sizes (ft)  13  13            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  8  8                          2.2.2.2.1 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Roof_Stairs Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4  `page 49  of 88            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  32  32            Supported span (ft) 10  10            Live load (psf)  100  100                                          2.2.2.2.2 Column_Glulam_Beam_N/A_Roof_Elev shaft Number of Beams  0  0            Number of Columns  4  4            Floor to floor height (ft) 13  13            Bay sizes (ft)  9  9            Supported span (ft) 5.25  5.25            Live load (psf)  100  100                       2.2.3  Steel Beams 2.2.3.1 Column_N/A_Beam_HSS_Penthouse_Hor  Number of Beams  12  12            Number of Columns  24  24            Floor to floor height (ft) 5  5            Bay sizes (ft)  11.75  11.75            Supported span (ft) 5  5            Live load (psf)  40  40                                          2.2.3.2 Column_N/A_Beam_HSS_Penthouse_Vert  Number of Beams  26  26            Number of Columns  24  24            Floor to floor height (ft) 5  5            Bay sizes (ft)  5  5            Supported span (ft) 5  5            Live load (psf)  40  40                       2.2.4 SUSPENDED CONCRETE SLAB  Floor_F20_SUSPENDED - CONCRETE -SLAB  Area (m 2 ) 14.6  14.6            Span (m) 1.75  1.75  `page 50  of 88            Width (m) 8.342857143  8.34285714 3            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Concrete Concrete           Material 1  Concrete slab Concrete slab           Thickness (mm)  200  200            Concrete flyash %  0.3  0.25            Concrete (mPa)  30  30                          Floor_F21_SUSPENDED - CONCRETE -SLAB - EPOXY  Area (m 2 ) 33.3  33.3            Span (m) 3.5  3.5            Width (m) 9.514285714  9.51428571 4            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Concrete Concrete           Material  Concrete slab Concrete slab           Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete flyash %  0.3  0.25            Concrete (mPa)  30  30                          Floor_F23_SUSPENDED - CONCRETE -SLAB - TERRAZZO  Area (m 2 ) 580.6  580.6            Span (m) 9.8  9.8            Width (m) 59.24489796  59.2448979 6            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Concrete Concrete           Material  Concrete slab Concrete slab           Thickness (mm)  250  250            Concrete flyash %  0.3  0.25            Concrete (mPa)  30  30                          Floor_F30_SUSPENDED - CONCRETE -SLAB - RAISED - TECRETE Area (m 2 ) 435.5  435.5            Span (m) 9.8  9.8            Width (m) 44.43877551  44.4387755 1            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Concrete Concrete           Material  Concrete slab Concrete slab           Thickness (mm)  250  250            Concrete flyash %  0.3  Average            Concrete (mPa)  30  30                       2.2.5LAMINATED WOOD  Floor_F40_LAMINATED - WOOD -RAISED - TECRETE Area (m 2 ) 1778.3    `page 51  of 88            Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 181.4591837              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  89              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category Underlay Steel roof system           Material  Sheet metal Galvanized sheet           Thickness (mm)  -  12 GA                          Floor_F41_LAMINATED - WOOD -RAISED - TECRETE- SLOPED - TILE  Area (m 2 ) 45.9              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 4.683673469              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  89              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category Underlay Steel roof system           Material  Sheet metal Galvanized sheet           Thickness (mm)  -  12 GA            Category -              Material  Concrete topping             Thickness (mm)  25                            Floor_F42_LAMINATED - WOOD -RAISED - TECRETE- SOFFIT  Area (m 2 ) 288.2              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 29.40816327              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  89              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category Underlay Steel roof system           Material  Sheet metal Galvanized sheet           Thickness (mm)  -  12 GA  `page 52  of 88            Category Vapour barrier  Vapour barrier           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  150  150                          Floor_F43_LAMINATED - WOOD -RAISED - TECRETE- SLOPED - TILE -SOFFIT  Area (m 2 ) 22.4              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 2.285714286              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  89              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category Underlay Steel roof system           Material  Sheet metal Galvanized sheet           Thickness (mm)  -  12 GA            Category -              Material  Concrete topping             Thickness (mm)  25              Category Vapour barrier  Vapour barrier           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  150  150                          Floor_F50_LAMINATED - WOOD -CONCRETE - TOPPING  Area (m 2 ) 141.9              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 14.47959184              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  184              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16    `page 53  of 88            Category -              Material  Concrete topping             Thickness (mm)  50                            Floor_F51_LAMINATED - WOOD -CONCRETE - TOPPING - SOFFIT  Area  (m 2 ) 120              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 12.24489796              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  184              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category -              Material  Concrete topping             Thickness (mm)  50              Category Vapour barrier  Vapour barrier           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  150  150                          Floor_F52_LAMINATED - WOOD -CONCRETE - TOPPING - GWB - CEILING  Area (m 2 ) 85.4              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 8.714285714              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  184              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category -              Material  Concrete topping             Thickness (mm)  50              Category GWB  Gypsum Board           Material  Insulation  Gypsum Board           Thickness (mm)  13  1/2"                       2.2.6 WOOD Floor_F53_WOOD - FLOOR - JOISTS  Area (m 2 ) 89.25  89.25  `page 54  of 88  JOIST            Span (m) 9.8  9.8            Width (m) 9.107142857  3.65                3.65                1.8            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Wood joist Wood joist           Material  Wood joist Wood joist           Thickness (mm)  184  -            Decking  Plywood  Plywood            Thickness (mm)  19  19            Category GWB  Gypsum Board           Material  Insulation  Gypsum Board           Thickness (mm)  13  1/2"                       2.2.7.1 Glulam Beams Column_N/A_ Beams_ Glulam_Ground Level_38 x 286  Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    28.606                                          Column_N/A_ Beams_ Glulam_Level 2_38 x 286  Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    18.905                                          Column_N/A_ Beams_ Glulam_Level 3_38 x 286  Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    16.903                                          Column_N/A_ Beams_ Glulam_Level 3_38 x 286  Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    25.892                                          Column_N/A_ Beams_ Glulam_Penthouse_38 x 286  Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    5.317                                                                                   2.2.7.2 Stairs  Stairs_ Glulam Wooden Stingers_ all floors Volume of Glulam lumber m 3    40.74                                          Stairs_Concrete_GroundLevel_Entrance Volume of Concrete m 3    1.717  `page 55  of 88            Concrete (psi) 4350  4000            Concrete flyash %  30  25            Rebar 20M  20M                                                     2.2.7.3 Hollow Structural steel (HSS)  HSS 102x76x8.5 _ Penthouse_Skylight  Volume of Steel Tonnes   87.82                                                     2.2.7.3 Skylight Glazing  Skylight glazing  Area m 2    149.57                 A23 Roof Construction 1854  m 2                  2.3.1 Green roof Roof_R1_LAMINATED - WOOD -GREEN - ROOF  Area (m 2 ) 372.5              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 38.01020408              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  184              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  16              Category Vapour retarder Vapour retarder           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  EPDM white           Thickness (mm)  100  100            Category Roof envelope Roof envelope           Material  TPO  PVC membrane           Thickness (mm)  60  -                       2.3.2 LAMINATED WOOD  2.3.2.1 Roof_R2_LAMINATED -WOOD - PAVING - STONE  Area (m 2 ) 83.4              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 8.510204082              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -    `page 56  of 88            Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  184              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  19              Category Vapour retarder Vapour retarder           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  100  100            Category Roof envelope Roof envelope           Material  TPO  EPDM white           Thickness (mil)  60  -            Category Roof envelope Roof envelope           Material  Concrete pavers Concrete tile           Thickness (mm)  50  -                          2.3.2.2 Roof_R3_LAMINATED -WOOD - SLOPED - INSULATION  Area (m 2 ) 996.4              Span (m) 9.8              Width (m) 101.6734694              Live load (kPa)  4.8              Category -              Material  Laminated wood             Thickness (mm)  89              Decking  Plywood              Thickness (mm)  19              Category Vapour retarder Vapour retarder           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  100  100            Category Roof envelope Roof envelope           Material  TPO  EPDM white           Thickness (mil)  60  -                       2.3.3 WOOD JOIST  Roof_R4_WOOD - JOISTS  Area (m 2 ) 34.6  34.6            Span (m) 9.8  9.8  `page 57  of 88            Width (m) 3.530612245  3.53061224 5            Live load (kPa)  4.8  4.8            Category Wood joist Wood joist           Material  Wood joist Wood joist           Thickness (mm) 184  -            Decking  Plywood  Plywood            Thickness (mm)  16  15            Category Vapour retarder Vapour retarder           Material  -  Poly            Thickness (mm)  -  6            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Insulation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  100  100            Category Roof envelope Roof envelope           Material  TPO  EPDM white           Thickness (mil)  60  -                       2.3.4 Curtain Wall Wall_Curtain wall_E5.1/2_Roof  Length (m)  46  46            Height (m)  1.6  1.6            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass                       2.3.5 Steel Stud Wall_Steel stud_WA7_Roof  Length (ft)  7  7            Height (ft)  3.5  3.5            Sheathing Type None  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 152  38 x 152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  `page 58  of 88            Thickness  -  -                       2.3.6 Wood Stud 2.3.6.1 Wall_Wood stud_E3.2 -SW8_Roof  Length (m)  40  40            Height (m)  3.5  3.5          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  8  8            Total Window Area (ft2)  5.2  5.2            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing          Door Opening  Number of Doors  4  4            Door Type Hollow Steel  Steel Exterior Door                         2.3.6.2 Wall_Wood stud_E11_Roof  Length (m)  26  26            Height (m)  2  2          Wood Stud Wall Type Non loadbearing Non loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing -  400oc  `page 59  of 88            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  vapour permeable membrane 3 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category 15 ext grade sheathing -            Material  -  -            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  6  6            Door Type Hollow Steel  Steel Exterior Door                         2.3.6.3 Wall_Wood stud_E3.2 -W6_Roof  Length (m)  22  22            Height (m)  3.5  3.5          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried           Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  1.3  1.3            Total Window Area (ft2)  2  2            Frame Type Fixed, Fixed, `page 60  of 88  Aluminum Frame Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing                  A31 Walls Below Grade  1877.4  m 2                  3.1.1 Cast In Place  3.1.1.1 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -W2_Basement  Length (m)  127  127            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  -            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M  15M          Door Opening  Number of Doors  16  16            Door Type Steel Interior Door Steel Interior Door                         3.1.1.2  Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -W1_Basement  Length (m)  93  93            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  -            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M & 20M  15M          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Expanded Plystyrene            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.1.1.3  Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -SW5_Basement  Length (m)  70  81.667            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  350  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Expanded Plystyrene            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly  `page 61  of 88            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  4  4            Door Type Steel Interior Door Steel Interior Door                         3.1.1.4 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -SW4_Basement  Length (m)  36  36            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Expanded Plystyrene            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Vapour Barrier Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.1.1.5 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -W3_Basement  Length (m)  25  25            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M  15M          Door Opening  Number of Doors  4  4            Door Type Steel Interior Door Steel Interior Door                         3.1.1.6 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -SW1_Basement  Length (m)  24  24            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Steel Interior Door Steel Interior Door                         3.1.1.7 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -SW3_Basement  Length (m)  14  14            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30  `page 62  of 88            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M & 20M  15M          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.1.1.8 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -SW2_Basement  Length (m)  13  26            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  600  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M                       3.1.2  Steel Stud Wall_Steel stud_WA7_Basement  Length (ft)  45  45           Height (ft)  4.2  4.2           Sheathing Type None  None           Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc           Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)           Stud Thickness  152  152         Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board          Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"           Thickness  -  -           Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board          Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"           Thickness  -  -         Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                A32 Walls Above Grade  6900.5  m 2                  3.2.1 Cast In Place  3.2.1.1 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -SW1_Ground  Length (m)  63  63            Height (m)  6.5  6.5            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average `page 63  of 88            Rebar 20M  20M          Door Opening  Number of Doors  5  5            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.1.2 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -SW4_Ground  Length (m)  43  43            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Envelope Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  8  8            Total Window Area (ft2)  4.9  4.9            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing          Door Opening  Number of Doors  1  1            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.1.3 Wall_Cast - in- place_E3.1 -SW4_Ground  Length (m)  42  42            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 400oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete `page 64  of 88            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Paint  Paint            Material  Elastomeric paint Varnish solvent based           Thickness (mm) -  -            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  119  140            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.1.4 Wall_Cast - in- place_Wood studs_E2_Ground  Length (m)  33  33            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M & 20M  20M          Wood Stud Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type 19 solid wood slats Plywood            Study Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 89  38 x 89          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm) -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded  `page 65  of 88            Thickness (mm)  -  100            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Black out fabric -            Material  -  -            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.2.1.5 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -W1_Ground  Length (m)  33  33            Height (m)  5  5            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M & 20M  20M          Envelope Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100          Window Opening  Number of Windows  5  5            Total Window Area (ft2)  3.1  3.1            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing          Door Opening  Number of Doors  1  1            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.1.6 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -W2_Ground  Length (m)  27  27            Height (m)  2.5  2.5            Thickness (mm)  200  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M  15M                  `page 66  of 88          3.2.1.7 Wall_Cast - in- place_Theatre roundback_Ground  Length (m)  17  17            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  250  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M  15M          Envelope Category Vapour Barrier Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100                          3.2.1.8 Wall_Cast - in-place_Retaining_Ground  Length (m)  15  12.5            Height (m)  1.5  1.5            Thickness (mm)  250  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar -  15M                          3.2.1.9 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -SW5_Ground  Length (m)  16  18.6666666 7            Height (m)  5.3  5.3            Thickness (mm)  350  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M          Envelope Category Vapour Barrier Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100          Door Opening  Number of Doors  1  1            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.1.10 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -SW2_Ground  Length (m)  13  26            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Thickness (mm)  600  300  `page 67  of 88            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 20M  20M                          3.2.1.11 Wall_Cast - in- place_E1 -W1_Level 02  Length (m)  18  18            Height (m)  5.3  5.3            Thickness (mm)  300  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M & 20M  20M          Envelope Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  Dampproofing 6 mil poly            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 CT Insultation  Polystyrene Expanded            Thickness (mm)  -  100          Window Opening  Number of Windows  5  5            Total Window Area (ft2)  3.1  3.1            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing                          3.2.1.12 Wall_Cast - in- place_W1 -W2_Level 02  Length (m)  6  6            Height (m)  5.3  5.3            Thickness (mm)  200  300            Concrete (MPa)  30  30            Concrete flyash %  -  average           Rebar 15M  15M                        3.2.2  Steel Stud 3.2.2.1  Wall_Steel stud_W14_Ground  Length (ft)  14  14            Height (ft)  5.3  5.3            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 610oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 64  38 x 92          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  1" GWB X - TYP  Gypsum Moisture Resistant `page 68  of 88  1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category -  Gypsum Board           Material  -  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64                          3.2.2.2  Wall_Steel stud_W14_Level 02  Length (ft)  8  8            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 610oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 64  38 x 92          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  1" GWB X - TYP  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category -  Gypsum Board           Material  -  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64                          3.2.2.3  Wall_Steel stud_W14_Level 03  Length (ft)  8  8            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 610oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 64  38 x 92          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  1" GWB X - TYP  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -  `page 69  of 88            Category -  Gypsum Board           Material  -  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64                          3.2.2.4  Wall_Steel stud_W14_Level 04  Length (ft) 8  8            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing 610oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 64  38 x 92          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  1" GWB X - TYP  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category -  Gypsum Board           Material  -  Gypsum Moisture Resistant 1/2"            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64                                        3.2.3  Wood Stud 3.2.3.1 Wall_Wood stud_E4_Level ALL  Length (m)  880  880            Height (m)  0.7  0.7            Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type 25 ply mulple ply cedar panel Plywood            Study Spacing -  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  -  38x89          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -  `page 70  of 88            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119                                          3.2.3.2 Wall_Wood stud_E3.2 -W6_Level 02  Length (m)  43  43            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  9  9            Total Window Area (ft2)  6  6            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% `page 71  of 88  glazing                          3.2.3.3 Wall_Wood stud_Wood stud_Level 02  Length (m)  20  20            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  140            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  140          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.3.4 Wall_Wood stud_W12 -SW7_Level 02  Length (m)  19  19            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type both sides 16mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184  `page 72  of 88          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  184            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.3.5  Wall_Wood stud_Steel stud_E3.1 - W6_Level 02  Length (m)  6  6            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Paint  Paint            Material  Elastomeric paint Varnish solvent based           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119  `page 73  of 88            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  1  1            Total Window Area (ft2)  0.7  0.7            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing                          3.2.3.6 Wall_Wood stud_E3.2 -W6_Level 03  Length (m)  51  51            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  14  14            Total Window Area (ft2)  10.5  10.5            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon `page 74  of 88  Filled Glazing                          3.2.3.7 Wall_Wood stud_Wood stud_Level 03  Length (m)  20  20            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  140            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  140          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.3.8 Wall_Wood stud_W12 -SW7_Level 03  Length (m)  19  19            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type both sides 16mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184  `page 75  of 88          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  184            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  4  4            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.3.9  Wall_Wood stud_Steel stud_E3.1 - W6_Level 03  Length (m)  6  6            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Paint  Paint            Material  Elastomeric paint Varnish solvent based           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119  `page 76  of 88            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  1  1            Total Window Area (ft2)  0.7  0.7            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing                          3.2.3.10 Wall_Wood stud_WA7.1 -SW8_Level 03  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.2.3.11 Wall_Wood stud_E3.2 -W6_Level 04  Length (m)  51  51            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding `page 77  of 88            Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  14  14            Total Window Area (ft2)  10.5  10.5            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon Filled Glazing                          3.2.3.12 Wall_Wood stud_Wood stud_Level 04  Length (m)  20  20            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 140  38 x 140          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt `page 78  of 88            Thickness (mm)  -  140            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 1/2"  Gypsum Regular 1/2"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  140          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.3.13 Wall_Wood stud_W12 -SW7_Level 04  Length (m)  19  19            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type both sides 16mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  184            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  4  4            Door Type Glass Panel  Aluminum Exteror Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.3.14 Wall_Wood stud_WA7.1 -SW8_Level 04  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood  `page 79  of 88            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38  x 184          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -                          3.2.3.15  Wall_Wood stud_Steel stud_E3.1 - W6_Level 04  Length (m)  6  6            Height (m)  4.2  4.2          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 6mm Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 300oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 184  38 x 184          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Cladding Cladding           Material  90 sawn face concrete masonry Brick -  concrete           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Vapour Barrier  Vapour Barrier           Material  air, vapour 7 moisture barrier 6 mil poly            Thickness  -  -            Category Paint  Paint            Material  Elastomeric paint Varnish solvent based           Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  R20 Mineral wool Rockwool Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  119            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum `page 80  of 88  Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -          Window Opening  Number of Windows  1  1            Total Window Area (ft2)  0.7  0.7            Frame Type Fixed, Aluminum Frame Fixed, Aluminum Frame           Glazing Type  Low E Argon Filled Glazing  Low E Tin Argon  Filled Glazing                        3.2.4  Curtain Wall 3.2.4.1  Wall_Curtain wall_E7.2_Ground  Length (m)  93  93            Height (m)  5.3  5.3            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors  10  10            Door Type Glass Panel Pair  Aluminum Exterior Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.4.2  Wall_Curtain wall_W11_Ground  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  5.3  5.3            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors 2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.4.3  Wall_Curtain wall_E5.1/5.2/6/7_Level 02  Length (m)  155  155            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  0.82  0.82  `page 81  of 88            Percent Spandrel Panel  0.18  0.18            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  25mm            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type -  Aluminum Exterior Door, 80% glazing                          3.2.4.4  Wall_Curtain wall_W11_Level 02  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors  5  5            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.4.5  Wall_Curtain wall_E5.1/5.2/6/7_Level 03  Length (m)  155  155            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  0.82  0.82            Percent Spandrel Panel  0.18  0.18            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  25mm            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass                          3.2.4.6  Wall_Curtain wall_W11_Level 03  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors  5  5  `page 82  of 88            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         3.2.4.7  Wall_Curtain wall_E5.1/5.2/6/7_Level 04  Length (m)  155  155            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  0.82  0.82            Percent Spandrel Panel  0.18  0.18            Thickness of Insulation (mm) -  25mm            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass                          3.2.4.8  Wall_Curtain wall_W11_Level 04  Length (m)  10  10            Height (m)  4.2  4.2            Percent Viewable Glazing  -  -            Percent Spandrel Panel  -  -            Thickness of Insulation (mm)  -  -            Spandrel Type (Metal/Glass)  Glass  Glass          Door Opening  Number of Doors  5  5            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                B11 Partitions  2543.9  m 2                  1.1.1Wood Stud 1.1.1.1  Wall_Wood stud_Steel stud_WA7.3_Ground  Length (m)  76  76            Height (m)  5.3  5.3          Wood Stud Wall Type Loadbearing  Loadbearing           Sheathing Type 19mm wood panels Plywood            Study Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  -  38x89          Steel Stud Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  38 x 92          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  `page 83  of 88            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -                          1.1.1.2 Wall_Wood stud_Wood stud_WA7.1_Ground  Length (m)  6  6            Height (m)  2.6  2.6          Wood Stud Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type 13 Plywood  Plywood            Study Spacing 400oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 64  38 x 64          Wood Stud Wall Type Non leadbearing Non leadbearing           Sheathing Type -  -            Study Spacing 400oc  400oc            Stud Type Kiln dried  Kiln dried            Stud Thickness  38 x 64  38 x 64          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  64            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness (mm)  -  -                        1.1.2  Steel Stud 1.1.2.1 Wall_Steel stud_WA7/7.2_Ground  Length (ft)  136  136            Height (ft)  6.5  6.5            Sheathing Type None  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  152  152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  `page 84  of 88            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Insulation  Insulation            Material  Acoustic  Fiberglass Batt           Thickness (mm)  -  152          Door Opening  Number of Doors  17  17            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         1.1.2.2 Wall_Steel stud_bathroom_Ground  Length (ft)  43  43            Height (ft)  2.5  2.5            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Ceramic wall tiles (CT- 3 to 10)  -            Material  -  -            Thickness  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  2  2            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         1.1.2.3  Wall_Steel stud_WA7_Level 02  Length (ft)  44  44            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type None  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 152  38 x 152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board `page 85  of 88            Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  5  5            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         1.1.2.4  Wall_Steel stud_bathroom_Level 02  Length (ft)  10  10            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Ceramic wall tiles (CT- 3 to 10)  -            Material  -  -            Thickness  -  -                          1.1.2.5  Wall_Steel stud_WA7_Level 03  Length (ft)  44  44            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type None  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 152  38 x 152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors  3  3            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         1.1.2.6  Wall_Steel stud_bathroom_Level 03  Length (ft)  10  10  `page 86  of 88            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Ceramic wall tiles (CT- 3 to 10)  -            Material  -  -            Thickness  -  -                          1.1.2.7  Wall_Steel stud_WA7_Level 04  Length (ft)  44  44            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type None  None            Stud Spacing 600oc  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  39 x 152  38 x 152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -            Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"            Thickness  -  -          Door Opening  Number of Doors 3  3            Door Type Solid Wood Solid Wood Door                         1.1.2.8  Wall_Steel stud_bathroom_Level 04  Length (ft)  10  10            Height (ft)  4.2  4.2            Sheathing Type -  None            Stud Spacing -  600oc            Stud Weight -  Light (25Ga)            Stud Thickness  -  152          Envelope Category Gypsum Board  Gypsum Board           Material  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Gypsum Regular 5/8"  `page 87  of 88            Thickness  -  -            Category Ceramic wall tiles (CT- 3 to 10)  -            Material  -  -            Thickness  -  -                         `page 88  of 88  IE Input Assumptions Document - CIRS Assembly Group  Assembly Type and Name  Specific Assumptions  A11 Foundations dhe /mpact Estimator, SK' inputs are limited to being either a ϰ” or ϴ” thickness.  Some of the mechanical room padding is considered in Sog as it is on top of the basement SoG slab, the actual SOG thicknesses for the CIRS building were not edžactly ϰ” or ϴ” thick but 6", the areas measured in Autodesk QTO required calculations to adjust the areas to accommodate this limitation. The Impact Estimator limits the Concrete strength to 3000, 4000 & 900 0psi, we had to limit the actual strength of concrete for footings as per the Athena input i.e. 4000psi. Some of the mat footings we re missing depth, e.g. MAT 1 & 2, drawing S201. Typical mat foundation thickness was considered from other mat foundations. A21 Lowest Floor Construction Concrete Slab on- Grade  SoG_Mech Mat_150mm  The area of this slab had to be adjusted so that the thickness fit into the 4" thickness specified in the Impact Estimator.  The following calculation was done in order to determine appropriate Length and Width (in feet) inputs for this slab. SoG_Mat_1_1 50mm_Auditorium  The area of this slab had to be adjusted so that the thickness fit into the 4" thickness specified in the Impact Estimator.  The following calculation was done in order to determine appropriate Length and Width (in feet) inputs for this slab A22 Upper Floor Construction Suspended slab Floor_F30_SUSPENDED -CONCRETE - SLAB - RAISED -TECRETE All concrete was calculated as concrete masonry in the extra base materials due to Athena's limitation to model any such material  A23 Roof Construction Several roof components were excluded in the model due to modeling limitations and uncertainty. The components not included were, plant and growing medium, green roof root barrier and protection board. Green Roof  Roof_R1_LAM INATED - WOOD -GREEN - ROOF  The details of TPO were not found in Athena IE, so we used EPDM white, which is basically same as TPO  Laminated wood  Roof_R2_LAM INATED - WOOD -PAVING - STONE  Roof widths were determined by dividing the total floor area of each condition by the span of that condition   

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