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An investigation in sustainable lighting at Koerner’s Pub Parhar, Balpreet; Rambo, Connor; Anwer, Amro; Lyuh, Justin Nov 27, 2014

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UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report       An Investigation in Sustainable Lighting Lighting at Koerner’s PubBalpreet Parhar, Connor Rambo, Amro Anwer, Justin LyuhUniversity of British ColumbiaApplied Science 261November 27, 2014         Disclaimer: UBC SEEDS provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or the SEEDS Coordinator about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report.AN INVESTIGATION INTO SUSTAINABLE LIGHTING AT KOERNER’S PUBSource: <http://ubyssey.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Koerners_20130816__Mab-Coates-Davies.jpg>Submitted by Balpreet Parhar, Connor Rambo, Amro Anwer, Justin LyuhApplied Science 261 Section T1CThe University of British ColumbiaNovember 27, 2014ABSTRACTThe following report investigates how Koerner’s Pub, one of UBC’s most famous pubs situated right in the heart of campus, can become more energy sustainable through the type of lighting used in the common area. The Pub already uses the very common incandescent light bulbs as their main lighting source in the common area, but this report will delve into whether the Pub should switch to the more sustainable, yet less common CFL or LED lighting. The analysis and comparison of the three technologies in question, namely incandescent, CFL, and LED lighting, will take the form of a triple bottom line assessment.This triple bottom line assessment will measure the social, environmental, and economic impact of each of the three lighting methods. The primary research for the investigation was gathered through a personal tour of Koerner’s Pub and its energy utilities provided by our stakeholder Mr. Tim Yu. On the other hand, all secondary research was obtained through various websites, peer-reviewed papers, and books. The cumulative social appraisal conducted shows that in terms of social sustainability, LED lighting is the best out of the three options. The environmental assessment prefers the use of LEDs due to their lack of any environmentally hazardous elements and their decreased amount of waste produced in the long term. The last area of study in this triple bottom line assessment, the economical assessment, concludes that LEDs are the most cost -efficient form of lighting that can be utilized by Koerner’s Pub. In conclusion, the study shows that LEDs are indeed the most sustainable form of lighting and would be the most advantageous lighting option for Koerner’s Pub. iiTABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT iiLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ivGLOSSARY v1.0 INTRODUCTION 12.0 METHODOLOGY 23.0 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS 43.1 Incandescent Light Bulb 43.2 Compact Fluorescent Lamp 53.3 Light Emitting Diode 53.4 Cumulative Analysis 64.0 SOCIAL ANALYSIS 74.1 Incandescent Light Bulb 74.2 Compact Fluorescent Lamp 84.3 Light Emitting Diode 84.4 Cumulative Analysis 95.0 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS 105.1 Incandescent Light Bulb 105.2 Compact Fluorescent Lamp 105.3 Light Emitting Diode 115.4 Cumulative Analysis 126.0 CONCLUSION 15LIST OF REFERENCES 16iiiLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS  Figure 1 : Cost of Lighting up to 50k Hours 13  Table 1 : Economic Analysis of Lighting 12                iv GLOSSARYcurrent the flow of electric charge, often carried through a wireelectron holes the conceptual opposite of an electron, attracts electrons Hamilton 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