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Sustainable Paint Heisler, R. Sean; Wong, Larry; Lu, Jason Nov 18, 2009

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         SEEDS Student Reports    1  UBC Social, Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Reports            Sustainable Paint R. Sean Heisler Larry Wong  Jason Lu  University of British Columbia  APSC 261  November 2009            Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or the SEEDS Coordinator about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report.”       SUSTAINABLE PAINT R. Sean HeislerLarry Wong Jason Lu  November 18, 2009    ii  1.0 ABSTRACT The new Student Union Building (SUB), scheduled to be completed in 2014, bring about many changes and upgrades to the University of British Columbia (UBC) campus. In compliance with UBC’s sustainability policies, this paper evaluates sustainable paints according to its triple-bottom-line comparison based on social, economic and environmental issues. The challenge is to categorically compare these headings and objectively recommend a sustainable paint to the Alma Mater Society (AMS) in hopes that it can contribute to the well being for every occupant of the new SUB. The three interior paints studied include: Horizon Interior zero VOC paint, Bioshield solvent free wall paint, and the Interior Latex paint from Rona as the baseline paint.  Environmentally and socially speaking, the Horizon and the Bioshield paints release significantly less VOC than a conventional paint without the Green Seal, Green Wise or Eco Logo. The Zero VOC paints release below 0.1 grams per liter, and use more natural ingredients than their synthetic counterparts. Judging from the ingredients used, the production process could not have been as toxic for natural paints. The paints shared common disposal storage methods involving drying or hardening for disposal and clear labeling and proper sealing for storage. It is worth noting that conventional paint like RONA paint has existing reuse and recycling programs where as a sustainable paint company does not have the capacity to do so. In terms of cost, the Rona paint was slightly cheaper than the Zero VOC paints at $32.99 per gallon. But factors like durability, coatings, and spread coverage were also considered, and showed that the Zero VOC paint can be cost competitive in terms of cost per square feet coverage. After due considerations, Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint was evaluated to be the best given its low cost and strong certifications. It is highly recommended that the AMS adopt this paint for its cost-effectiveness and low odor over the other paints based on the aforementioned triple-bottom-line assessment.    iii  CONTENTS 1.0 Abstract ............................................................................................................................................. ii 2.0 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Glossary ............................................................................................................................................. 1 4.0 Social Implications............................................................................................................................. 2 4.3 RONA Interior Latex Paint ............................................................................................................. 2 4.2 Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint ....................................................................................................... 2 4.3 Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint ...................................................................................... 3 5.0 Financial Implications ........................................................................................................................ 4 5.1 RONA Interior Latex Paint ................................................................................................................... 4 5.2 Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint ....................................................................................................... 4 5.3 Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint ...................................................................................... 5 6.0 Environmental Implications .............................................................................................................. 6 6.1 RONA Interior Latex Paint ................................................................................................................... 6 6.2 Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint ....................................................................................................... 6 6.3 Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint ...................................................................................... 7 7.0 Cross Comparison ............................................................................................................................. 8 8.0 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................... 8 9.0 References ........................................................................................................................................ 9  Table of Tables Table 1 – Bioshield Paint Ingredients and Associated Health Concerns ....................................................... 3 Table 2 – Cross Comparison .......................................................................................................................... 8  1  2.0 INTRODUCTION The new SUB will require paint in some areas of the building and the old SUB will be renovated and will also require repainting.  One of the goals for the new SUB and renovating the old SUB will be sustainability, so we have decided to focus on three different types of interior paints that could possibly be used for the project.  The first paint, Interior Latex Paint RONA, is a typical interior latex paint that is commonly used.  The second paint, Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint, is a natural paint.  Natural paints are paints which are made from organic material such as plant oils, natural minerals or milk protein.  The last paint, Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint, is a paint that is marketed as sustainable and is used where health and air quality are high priority.  The “Interior Latex Paint RONA” will be used as a baseline paint to compare against the more sustainable paints to see what the tradeoffs are when selecting a sustainable paint instead of a common paint.  Each type of paint will be scrutinized using the triple bottom line approach and a recommendation for which paint to use for the new and old SUB will be given in the Evaluation section. 3.0 GLOSSARY Eco Logo – A certification given to products which meet a certain environmental standard set by that organization. Green Wise – A certification given to paints which have been tested and meet environmentally determined performance standards established by Coatings Research Group Incorporated ISO- accredited facility. (CRGI 2008, About) Threshold Limit Value, Time Weighted Average (TLV- TWA) – The maximum acceptable amount of exposure allowed during an eight hour work period around certain chemicals or substances. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) – Vapors that are released from solids or liquids that contain organic compounds that may affect air quality and health. Generally measured in grams per liter, a lower number is ideal.  Some possible side effects from exposure to VOC’s are eye and upper respiratory irritation, nasal congestion, headache, and dizziness Zero VOC Paint – Paint which contains less that 0.1 gram per litre of VOCs.    2  4.0 SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS In considering the social implications of each of the paints being considered, a few main factors will be considered. Firstly, where available, the production location will be stated, as well as the conditions typical of that region. While exact factory conditions would be the ideal data to consider, a company would not readily admit or display any poor conditions. The second main social aspect considered will be the health effects, be it in harmful chemicals, VOC levels, or strong odors which many people are sensitive to.  4.1 RONA INTERIOR LATEX PAINT This paint is actually produced by Sico, for which Rona is a retailer, and is manufactured in North America. With fair stringent regulations on working conditions, and unionized benefits, it is reasonable to assume the paint is manufactured under very humane conditions.  Since the Eco Logo is absent from this product, the product must have VOC levels above 150 grams per liter, which may cause eye irritation, headache or similar problems.  Latex paint typically also has fewer odors than traditional oil based paints, though exact values were not supplied by the producer.  Also, latex paint is water based and is considered non-toxic though ingestion may not be recommended.   4.2 BIOSHIELD SOLVENT FREE WALL PAINT  Similar to the previous paint, the Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint is produced within North America, and thus the conditions of the workers are considered humane. The MSDS for Bioshield matte paint attached in the Appendix shows that the paint has little in terms of hazard cautions other than direct ingestion. Clearly, Zero VOC paints are favourable for painters and occupants of the rooms to which the paint are applied. For the painters, they can enjoy easy application from lack of paint drips and splashes, as well as reduced exposure. Although the paint is Zero VOC, since the TLV- TWA is unknown, ventilation during painting is still highly recommended. Low-odour release is also a positive feature for both painters and the occupants of the vicinity.  Once the paint dries, occupants well also enjoy the decreased long term exposure from paint evaporates. The carnauba wax keeps the wall anti-static, that is to say, it repels fine dust particles, allowing the painted wall to look more aesthetic longer than conventional synthetic paint, as well as reduce the amount of dust collected on wall surfaces which is preferable for those with a dust sensitivity. Since the ingredients are mostly non-toxic and naturally produced, there should be little social concerns in the life cycle of the paint from production to disposal.  3  Table 1 below shows the ingredients and the corresponding health risk associated with these ingredients. TABLE 1 - BIOSHIELD PAINT INGREDIENTS AND ASSOCIATED HEALTH CONCERNS Ingredient Comment and Known Health Concerns Water Not a health concern Chalk  Calcium Carbonate, not a health concern Talcum(asbestos free) With Asbestos, it is known to cause lung, skin and ovarian cancer, non-asbestos talc are recognized as safe ingredient. Titanium Dioxide Pigment Common ingredient for any paint. Used as white pigment. It has been known to be carcinogenic, but no exposure limit was ever set. Carnauba Wax Wax off palm leaves, mainly ester and fatty acid (not hazardous) Polyphosphate Water softener used for water-based paints Cellulose An organic compound with no known health risks. Used in many industrial applications for water soluble adhesives. Soy Standoil Another natural product. Sodium Hydroxide Strong base; its use in industries are limitless.  Food-Grade Preservative A synthetic ingredient. Respiratory and health risks, but generally inconclusive. Needed to keep the organic paint from spoiling.  4.3 HORIZON INTERIOR ZERO VOC SUSTAINABLE PAINT  Horizon Interior paints are manufactured by Rodda Paint which has been producing paints in the Pacific Northwest since the 1930s. Again these working conditions are expected to be humane to comply with national regulations. For health effects, once the paint is dry it is completely non-toxic, though it is not as favorable in liquid form. Though the liquid is still non-toxic, it may cause irritation, nausea, etc. if ingested (See Appendix for MSDS). The harmful ingredients listed on the MSDS include many of the same ingredients as the Bioshield Paint, such as Titanium Dioxide and Sodium Hydroxide, and though the other ingredients are not natural, they are not hazardous. A major health benefit to this paint, however, is the degree of odors within the product and released during application – low odor. Similar to the Bioshield paint, ventilation is still recommended, though the product is marketed with no offensive odors (See Product Specifications in the Appendix). A last social benefit comes with the stain resistant finish, which provides a more lasting aesthetic, resulting in fewer touch-ups and a more lasting color.     4  5.0 FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS The new SUB is still in the early design phase so the amount of painting required is still not known.  To estimate the possible cost we will look at the cost of a 3.78 liter (1 gallon) bucket of paint and consider how often we would need to repaint instead of trying to estimate the surface area that requires paint for the new SUB. 5.1 RONA INTERIOR LATEX PAINT  The cost of a single gallon of this paint is $32.99.  This paint has an estimated coverage rate of 12 square meters (130 square feet) per liter, which leads to $2.749 dollars per square meter of coverage.  Interior latex paint is designed for low traffic areas, however many areas of the new and old SUB have high levels of foot traffic. Under ideal conditions, late paint should last 10 to 15 years.  If this paint were to be used, the life expectancy of a single coat of paint will be much lower than for the ideal case which will require more touch ups and repainting.  There is also a bit of preparation work that needs to be done before applying latex paint.  Latex paint adheres best to a clean surface, while this may not affect painting for the new SUB, the old SUB will require the walls to be cleaned which will require additional labor. 5.2 BIOSHIELD SOLVENT FREE WALL PAINT  The cost of Bioshield paint is $42 per gallon of satin paint and $34 per gallon of matte paint. This pricing is considerably more than conventional paint prices but there are other advantages to Bioshield paint other than the environmental and social benefits. First of all, Bioshield paint only needs 2 or 3 coats and does not need extra primer. This paint can be “used on dry wall, plaster, brick and concrete. It can even be used on top of existing flat paint” (EHC, 2009). The first coat can be used as the primer and after 24 hours, a second and occasionally third coat can complete an evenly covered paint job. Each gallon of the paint can cover about 300 to 400 square feet (32.52 square meters) per coat depending on the surface and temperature conditions. This works out to be about $2.923 per square meter, which is not too bad, considering its inherent benefits.  Secondly, the naturally produced soy oil and the carnauba wax enhance the durability of the paint, allowing for longer periods before repainted, though no exact number for comparison was given.   5  5.3 HORIZON INTERIOR ZERO VOC SUSTAINABLE PAINT  Each gallon of the Horizon Interior paint regularly costs $39.99, though web discounts and sales exist. From the product data sheet in the Appendix, Rodda reports a spread rate or coverage rate of 400 ft/gallon. This leads to a cost of $1.076 per square meter, which is the lowest of all three paints. The other extreme advantage comes with the product’s warranty, guaranteeing a 25 year lifecycle. Considering the 70 year plan for the new SUB, only two repainting cycles would need to be performed, again decreasing the cost. Unlike the RONA paint, though, the manufacturer has not indicated the strength of the paint in a high traffic area, and the touch-ups which may or may not need to be performed. A major setback to this otherwise very economic paint is its need for a primer, which would double the cost of the complete paint job to $2.152 per square meter.     6  6.0 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS In considering paint’s environmental implications, production and the chemicals included therein, disposal and additional required chemicals to apply and clean the paint were considered. 6.1 RONA INTERIOR LATEX PAINT  Since latex paints are non-toxic, they can be disposed of by drying/hardening any remaining amount of paint and taken out with regular garbage (rules and regulations vary between municipalities).  Also, as an alternative to disposing unused latex paint, there are recycling programs that let people send in unused paint which is then resold or given to others that may want to use it. Any tools used to apply the paint can be cleaned with water and soap as well, special chemicals are not required. Though this initially speaks to a minimal environmental impact, the production and manufacture of the paint is not disclosed by the producer. Latex paints are primarily created with a water solvent, which is much less hazardous and impactful than the toxic, flammable, and environmentally hazardous alternatives used in other paints. However, because this paint doesn’t bear an environmental seal of any kind, it is evident that there are a number of chemicals used in its production  6.2 BIOSHIELD SOLVENT FREE WALL PAINT  Needless to say, Bioshield paint was considered because they are certified by various third-party agencies for their Zero VOC emissions. A Zero VOC paint must satisfy the requirement of less than 0.1 gram per litre VOC, which means at the most Bioshield paint would have 0.1 gram per litre, much lower than the legislated VOC intake recommendation.  For most paints, colorants are the main cause of VOCs. To counter this restriction, and to provide more options to their customers, Bioshield claims to use ultra-low VOC, non-toxic water-borne tints that contains only 1 gram of VOC per litre tint. The tints can be bought separately, and applied to the white paint later for minimum VOC release. While the water-borne colorant is effective, most of the colours are relatively pale compared to conventional paints. Fortunately, for a student oriented building like the new SUB, light colours are probably a good choice to reduce the energy of the building through increased light reflection. For disposal it can similarly be let dry and taken out with standard refuse.  Lastly, no indication was given by the suppliers as to how the product should best be applied, using chemical thinner or not, nor were recommendations given for cleanup afterwards.   7  6.3 HORIZON INTERIOR ZERO VOC SUSTAINABLE PAINT  One of the highlights to this “Sustainable Paint” is its Green Wise certification. This certification indicates that in addition to meeting VOC requirements, it also does not contain the chemicals indicated by the Coatings Research Group Incorporated as hazardous to humans or our environment. Some of these chemicals are as follows: methylene chloride, 1,1,1 trichloroethane, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, vinyl chloride, naphthalene, 1,2 dichlorobenzene, di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, butyl benzyl phthalate (CRGI 2009, Performance). This alone lends a great degree of credence to the claim of a sustainable paint, and to further exceed the minimum specification by additionally incorporating a Zero VOC rating is exceptional. Disposal is again not a problem, and if let dry becomes an inert, non-toxic solid that can be disposed of with regular waste. Cleaning can be completed with standard soap and water, and no thinner is ever recommended with the paint. With all of these combined, Horizon Interior appears to have a very minimal environmental impact when compared to regular paints.     8  7.0 CROSS COMPARISON In this section the three paints, RONA Interior Latex Paint, Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint, and Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint will be compared, with highlights listed for social, economic and environmental implications, and ranked against each other in each category. TABLE 2 - CROSS COMPARISON  RONA Interior Latex Wall Paint Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint Social - Humane manufacturing conditions - Water solvent  3 - Humane manufacturing conditions - No solvent - Zero VOC - Low odor - Dust repelling - Minimal hazardous ingredients 1 - Humane manufacturing conditions - Water solvent - Zero VOC - Low odor - Stain repelling - Minimal hazardous ingredients 2 Economic - $2.794 / m2  - < 10 year lifecycle 2 - $2.923 / m2 - Unknown lifecycle 3 - $2.152 / m2 - >25 year lifecycle 1 Environmental - Clean disposal - Water solvent - Harmful chemical additives - Soap and water washable -Recycling and reuse program 3 - Clean disposal - Zero VOC - Low tinting - Natural ingredients 2 - Clean disposal  - Zero VOC - Green Wise certified - Safe ingredients - Soap and water washable 1 Overall Rank  3  2  1  8.0 CONCLUSION Overall it appears that the most sustainable paint by the factors identified above is the Horizon Interior Zero VOC Sustainable Paint, for its Green Wise certification, its Zero VOC and low odor, and it’s comparatively low cost. It is important to remember, however, that these comparisons did not take into account production energy or chemical, or transportation distances for further carbon emissions. If this data is made available in the future, it would be important to re-weigh the ranks against the new data to see if the paint still remains the most sustainable option.    9  9.0 REFERENCES Super Pages (2009) Paint Disposal- Do it Right. Retrieved November 10th, 2009 from <http://www.superpages.com/supertips/paint-disposal.html> Household Hazardous Waste (2009) Paint Disposal. Retrieved November 9th, 2009 from <www.dec.ny.gov/docs/materials_minerals_pdf/paint.pdf> Environmental Home Centre (2009) Bioshield Solvent-Free Wall Paint. Retrieved November 5th, 2009 from <http://www.environmentalhomecenter.com/shop.mv?CatCode=PRODUCT&ProdCode=BS_SOLFREE_WALLPNT> Green Building Supply (2009) Bioshield Solvent-Free Wall Paint (180) Matte. Retrieved November 5th, 2009 from <http://www.greenbuildingsupply.com/utility/showProduct/?objectID=368> Bioshield Paint (2009) Why Bioshield? Retrieved Nov 5th, 2009 from <http://www.bioshieldpaint.com/index.php?main_page=why_bioshield> Rodda Paint (2009) Zero VOC, Sustainable Paint. Retrieved Nov 7th, 2009 from < http://www.roddapaint.com/product/products/horizon-interior-zero-voc.aspx> Coatings Research Group, Incorporated (2008) Performance Standards. Retrieved Nov 12th, 2009 from  < http://www.greenwisepaint.com/performance-standards.aspx> Coatings Research Group, Incorporated (2008) About GREEN WISE. Retrieved Nov 12th, 2009 from < http://www.greenwisepaint.com/about-greenwise.aspx> Rona (2009) Paint - "Semi-Gloss Finish" Interior Latex Paint RONA. Retrieved Nov 4th, 2009 from < http://www.rona.ca/shop/~paint-semi-gloss-finish-interior-latex-paint-rona-178690_!interior-latex-paint_shop >  Rona (2009) Choosing Your Interior Paint. Retrieved Nov 4th, 2009 from  < http://www.rona.ca/content/choose-interior-paint_drywalling-painting-finishing_renovation >       APPENDIX  Bioshield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180 MSDS Horizon Satin – White Base MSDS Horizon Satin Product Specifications Interior Acrylic Latex Paint – Pearl Finish – Super Latex Technical Data  18MSDS.doc Page 1 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.031 SectionChemical Product and Company IdentificationMSDS Name: Solvent Free Wall PaintProduct Group : Surface Treatment insideCatalog Numbers : 180 & 171Synonyms : Solvent Free Wall Paint #18, 19, 171, 172, 173, 180, 181,182, 183Company Identification : Eco Design Co. 3215 Rufina Street Santa Fe, NM 87507 Phone : +1-(505) 438-3448 Fax : +1-(505) 438-0199 e-mail: info@ bioshieldpaint.com2 SectionComposition, Information on IngredientsDispersion of  chalk and other mineral fillers, and inorganic pigments in a watery solutionHazardous Ingredients: None3 SectionHazards PossibilitiesDoes not require a hazard warning label, but the normal safety precautions for handling ofchemicals must be observedAppearance: .Labelling: NoneEye:Skin:Ingestion:Inhalation: .Chronic:18MSDS.doc Page 2 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.034 SectionFirst Aid MeasuresGeneral Information: NoneEye : Immediatelyflush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.Skin: Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls ofmilk or water..Inhalation: NoneNotes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively.5 SectionFire Fighting MeasuresGeneral Information:  Product is non-combustible non-flammable.Extinguishing Media: None6 SectionAccidental Realease MeasuresGeneral Remarks: Forms slippery layers with waterMethods for Cleaning up / Taking up :  Vacuum up spilled product. Rinse away rest with plenty of water.Environmental Precautions: Do not allow to enter drains or waterways  Dry up leftover contents and remove withhousehold garbage.Additional Remarks :18MSDS.doc Page 3 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.037 SectionHandling and Storage: Keep in a dry, cool environment. DO NOT FREEZE.Hints on safe handling : Open and handle containers with care.Storage Conditions: Keep dry and above 0°C.8 SectionExposure Controls, Personal ProtectionExposure Limits: N/APersonal Protective Equipment:Eye: Use safety glasses when spraying.Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.Respirators: Provide adequate venlitaion during application and drying time.9 SectionPhysical and Chemical PropertiesAppearance: Viscous Liquid EmulsionPhysical State: LiquidOdor: nonepH: N/AVapor Pressure: n.a. DIN 51 562Vapor Density: n.a.Evaporation Rate: n.a.Viscosity: n.a. DIN 52 211Boiling Point/Range: n.a. DIN 51 751/51, DIN 52 211Freezing / Melting Point: n.a.Autoignition Temperature: n.a.Flash Point: NO DIN 51 755/51 758NFPA Rating: not publishedExposure Limits, Lower: n.a.                              Upper: n.a.Decomposition Temperature: n.a.Solubility:Specific Gravity/Density: DIN 51 75718MSDS.doc Page 4 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.0310 SectionStability and ReactivityConditions to avoid: None reportedIncompatibilities with Other Material: NoneHazardous Decomposition Products: NoneHazardous Polymerization: None13 SectionDisposal ConsiderationsProduct: In accordance with the necessary technical regulations, may be dumped, when solidified, with household waste, after consultation with site operator and with the responsible authority.Packagings: Completely emptied packagings can be given for recycling.RCRA P-Series: none listedRCRA U-Series: none listed12 SectionEcological InformationGeneral Remarks: Because of ist consistency the product cannot be dispersed in the environment. Adverse ecological effects are therefore unlikely on the basis of current knowledge.11 SectionToxicological InformationAcute Toxicity: None reportedCarcinogenity: None reportedSensitization: None reportedOther Studies:Experiences made in Practice: No negative results reportedAdditional Remarks:18MSDS.doc Page 5 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.0314 SectionTransport InformationLabeling: No dangerous goods, no labelling necessaryUS DOTUN-No. : N/AHazard Class: N/APacking Group: N/ACanadian TDG: N/AIMDG + GGVSee: N/AClass: N/APacking Group : N/APage : N/AIATA :Class :Page :German Regulations:ADR/GGVS, RID/GGVE:Kemmler-No.: N/A.EMAC N/AGGSV: N/AKlasse: N/AZiffer : N/AAnhang B.8: N/AGefahrzettel: N/A.15 SectionRegulatory InformationEuropean / international regulationsEuropean Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives:The product does not require a hazard warning label in accordance withEC directives/the relevant national laws.Although this product does not require a hazard warning label,we recommend that the safety advice should be observed.Risk Phrases: R 41, Risk of serious damage to eyesSafety Phrases: S 2, Keep out of the reach of childrenWGK (Water/Danger Protection):Exposure Limits:18MSDS.doc Page 6 of 6MSDS BioShield Paint CompanyBioShield Solvent Free Wall Paint #180Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with 91/155/EEC Issued: 01.10.0316 SectionAdditional InformationThis Information above is believed to be accurate and represents the bets information currently available to us.However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect tosuch information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their owninvestigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no way shall thecompany be liable for any claims., losses, or damage of any third party or for lost profits or any special,indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if the company has beenadvised of the possibility of such damages.Hazardous Ingredients / SARA III Information N/A This product is believed not to contain toxic materials subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of Title III and of 40 CFR 372.  + Indictates material(s) listed as a NTP, IARC, or OSHA carcinogen. This product may contain small amounts of materials known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm.  This product is believed not to contain materials listed in Section 112(b) of the Clean Air Act.  Physical / Chemical Characteristics  Fire and Explosion Hazard Data Extinguishing Media: CO2, dry chemical, foam, or water fog.Special Firefighting Procedures:  For fires involving this material, do not enter any enclosed or confined fire space without proper protective equipment. Self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece operated in pressure-demand or other positive pressure mode to protect against the hazardous effects of normal products of combustion or oxygen deficiency. Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards:  Product may spatter if temperature of liquid exceeds the boiling point of water. If solids ignite, toxic and irritating gases can be emitted. Thermal decomposition of this product will produce carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide gases.  Reactivity Data Conditions to Avoid:  Excessive temperatures, poor ventilation, and corrosive atmospheres. Avoid all heat sparks and sources of ignition. Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid):  Strong oxidizing agents (Nitric Acid, Permaganates, MEK Peroxide, Etc.).  Hazardous Decomposition or Byproducts:  Normal combustion forms carbon dioxide and water vapor; incomplete combustion can produce carbon monoxide.  Health Hazard Data Inhalation - Health Risks and Symptoms of Exposure:  Use only with adequate ventilation. If adequate ventilation is not possible, such as in a closed room or other situations where air flow is minimal or nonexistent, see section VIII for information reguarding respiratory portection. Do not breathe dust or spray mist. Ensure fresh air entry during application and drying. For spray application, sanding, abrading, and dust cleanup, wear an appropriate properly fitted respirator (NIOSH/MSHA TC21C approved). Follow respirator manufacturer's directions for respirator use. If affected, remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If breathing has stopped, give artificial respiration. Get medical attention. Skin and Eye Contact - Health Risks and Symptoms of Exposure:  Exposure may cause drying of the skin with mild irritation. Symptoms may include: redness, burning sensation, drying and cracking. Exposure with material may cause moderate eye irritation. Symptoms may include: tearing, redness, and stinging sensation. Corneal involvement or visual impairment is not expected to occur.  Material Safety Data Sheet Last Update: 02/18/09HEALTHFLAMMABILITYREACTIVITYPERSONAL PROTECTIONHORIZON SATIN - WHITE BASE 523501 Manufacturer: RODDA PAINT COMPANY 6123 N MARINE DRIVE PORTLAND, OR 97203 Name of preparer: Rick Barnard Information Phone: (503) 521-4300 Emergency Phone: (800) 424-9300 Reportable Components CAS NumberVapor Pressure mm Hg @ TempWeight Percent+ TITANIUM DIOXIDE 13463-67-7 10 - 20PEL (OSHA) : 15 mg/m3, TOTAL DUST, 8 HR TWATLV (ACGIH): 10 mg/m3, TOTAL DUST, 8 HR TWABoiling Range: N/A  Vapor Density: Heavier than air.  Solubility in Water: Complete.  Appearance and Odor: Color/tinted liquid, low odor.  Coating VOC: 0.00 lb/gl  Material VOC: 0.00 lb/gl  Specific Gravity: 1.34  Evaporation Rate: Slower than Butyl Acetate.  Flash Point: N/A  Method Used: N/A  Flashable Limits in air by volume: Upper: N/A Lower: N/A  Stability: Stable  Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur  Page 1 of 2Skin Absorbtion - Health Risks and Symptoms of Exposure:  Prolonged exposure limit may result in the absorption of harmful amounts of material.  Ingestion - Health Risks and Symptoms of Exposure:  Excessive breathing of vapors can cause nasal and respiratory irritation, dizziness, weakness, fatigue, nausea, headache, possible unconsciousness, and even asphyxiation. Can cause gastrointestinal irritation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Aspiration of material into lungs and cause chemical pneumonitis which can be fatal.  Health Hazards (Acute and Chronic):  Not considered a carcinogen by IARC, NTP or OSHA. Health Hazards of Previous Coatings:  WARNING! If you scrape, sand, or remove old paint, you may release lead dust. LEAD IS TOXIC. EXPOSURE TO LEAD DUST CAN CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS, SUCH AS BRAIN DAMAGE, ESPECIALLY IN CHILDREN. PREGNANT WOMEN SHOULD ALSO AVIOD EXPOSURE. Wear a NIOSH-approved respirator to control lead exposure. Clean up carefully with a HEPA vacuum and a wet mop. Before you start, find out how to protect yourself and your family by contacting the National Lead Information hotline at 1-800-424-LEAD or log on to www.epa.gov/lead.  Carcinogenicity: NTP Carcinogen: No IARC Monographs: Yes OSHA Regulated: N/AThis material is not listed as a human carcinogenic. Medical Conditions Generally Aggrevated by Exposure: None known. Emergency and First Aid Procedures: SKIN- Wash exposed area with soap and water. EYES- Flush with large amounts of water.  Precautions for Safe Handling and Use Steps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled:  Persons not wearing protective equipment should be excluded from area of spill until clean-up had been completed. Stop spill at source, dike area of spill to prevent spreading, pump liquid to salvage tank. Remaining liquid may be taken up on sand, clay, earth, floor absorbent, or other absorbent material and shoveled into containers. Prevent run- off sewers, streams, or other bodies of water. Waste Disposal Method:  Destroy by liquid incineration. Material collected on absorbent material may be deposited in an approved landfill in accordance with local, state, and federal regulations.  Precautions to be Taken in Handling and Storing:  Store in a cool, dry area. Keep away from heat, sparks, and open flame. Keep containers closed when not in use. Use only with adequate ventilation.  Other Precautions:  Containers of this material may be hazardous when emptied. Since emptied containers retain product residues (vapor, liquid, and/or solid), all hazard precautions given in this data sheet must be observed. READ AND OBSERVE ALL PRECAUTIONS ON LABEL!  Control Measures Respiratory Protection:  If TLV of the product or any component is exceeded, a NIOSH/MESA jointly approved self-contained breathing apparatus with a full face piece operated in pressure demand or other positive pressure mode is advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other NIOSH/MESA respirators under specified conditions. (See your safety equipment supplier). Ventilation:  Provide sufficient mechanical and/or local exhaust to maintain exposure below TLV(s).  Protective Gloves:  Wear resistant gloves such as: BUNA-N Eye Protection:  Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised, unless full facepiece respirator is worn.  Other Protective Clothing or Equipment:  To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.  Work / Hygienic Practices:  Wash hands thoroughly after handling this product. Disclaimer This information provided as a resource only. It should not be taken as a warranty or representation for which Rodda Paint Co. assumes legal responsibility. The information contained is believed to be accurate and compiled from sources believed to be reliable, it is the responsibility of the user to investigate and verify its validity. The user assumes all responsibility of using and handling the product in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local regulations.  Page 2 of 2Product Data Sheet Properties Dry Times At 77º Fahrenheit and 50% Relative Humidity. Prep & Prime  Application  Description AN INTERIOR PIGMENTED COPOLYMER LATEX EMULSION PAINT, low odor & solvent free523501x White  523502x Midtone  523503x Deeptone  523504x NeutralThis product manufactured to meet all requirements of LEED-NC credit EQ4.2 low emitting materials - paints & coatingsBasic Use Horizon Interior Satin provides a durable, low odor / low VOC finish for interior walls and woodwork that is easy to apply. Horizon can be used without typical complaints in occupied areas because of very low odor during application, dries quickly and leaves you with a stain resistant finish.Colors tintable white to blackVOC gr/L 0.00 Volume Solids ±2% 38.00 Odor No offensiveVOC lbs/G 0.00 Weight Solids ±2% 53.00 Thinning None recommendedMPI # 144 Spread Rate 400.0 Weight 11.10Gloss 60° 8-12 Wet Film Thickness 4 mils Viscosity 98 - 102 Krebs UnitsSheen 85° 25-35 Dry Film Thickness 1.5 mils Resistance GoodTinting Type universal Toxic Properties Non-toxic as dry film Cleanup warm soapy waterLocal Harvest 33-45% Light Reflectance white 90%, less on colors Packaging single & five gallonspH Pigment Solids Flash PointHAP Content Pigment Volume H2O VaporDry To Touch ½ hour Dry To Sand Tack FreeDry To Recoat 2 hours Dry To Topcoat Dry To HardConcrete Block New: Use 501901 Smooth Block FillerMasonry Use 503501 Horizon Primer SealerWallboard Prime with 503501 Horizon Primer SealerWood New Interior: Prime with 502001x Unique II 100% Acrylic Enamel Undercoater.Brush No thinning recommended. Use a nylon/polyester brush is recommended.Roller / Pad No thinning is recommended. Use 3/8" to 3/4" nap synthetic roller cover.-No thinning is recommended. Use a synthetic pad.Airless Spray No thinning is recommended. Recommend pressure 2000 to 2500 psi, using .015" to .021" tip orifice.HVLP Reduce up to one pint with water per gallon. Accuspray 24K.Conventional Spray Reduce up to one pint per gallon with water. Recommended air pressure 40-60 psi; fluid pressure 20 psi; tip size .0042" to .0045" with matching cap.Horizon SatinCorporate: 6107 N Marine Drive Portland, Oregon 97203 - Rodda Paint Co. - Regional: 3838 4th Avenue South Seattle, Washington 98134 Last Modification Date: 11/9/2009 - Please contact us at 800.452.2315 for additional information or questions Disclaimer - All technical advice, recommendations and services regarding this product are rendered by the Seller gratis. They are based on technical data which the Seller believes to be reliable and are intended for use by persons having skill and know-how, at their discretion and risk. Seller assumes no responsibility for results obtained or damages incurred from this product use by Buyer whether as recommended herein or otherwise. Such recommendations, technical advice or services are not to be taken as a license to operate under or suggest infringement of any patent.  SICO INC. guarantees the high quality of its products; they are conform to the description given in the technical data and on the labels, and appropriate to the use for which they were intended, accordingly to the written instructions given by the company. Nevertheless, since the manufacturer can not exert any control over the circumstances, the methods and conditions of use, this guarantee only covers the high quality of the SICO CLASSIC products.   TECHNICAL DATA  TD-1367 PRODUCT NAME         PRODUCT NO.  INTERIOR ACRYLIC LATEX PAINT – PEARL FINISH – SUPER LATEX. 176-XXX  DESCRIPTION  Interior latex finish suitable for walls, woodworks and doors of any room of the house. Subdued reflection when viewed straight on and semi-gloss when viewed at a grazing angle.   INTENDED USES  Interior. New or maintenance work. Primed materials: gypsum or fibre wallboards, wood, plaster, metal, concrete, concrete blocks, acoustical tiles, wallpaper. Walls, woodworks, doors, cabinets. Any room in the house, institutions, schools, hospitals, commercial and public buildings.  ADVANTAGES  Ultra washable and long-lasting. High viscosity and ultra hiding. Ready for use and easy to apply. Non-spattering. Dries rapidly with a minimum of odour. Excellent resistance to washing, scrubbing and yellowing. Complete range of colours. Soft, smooth, glare-free finish. Ecological product containing neither lead nor mercury and featuring the Canadian Environmental ECOLOGO as approved by the Canadian Standard Association (CSA).  SURFACE PREPARATION  PROPER SURFACE PREPARATION IS IMPORTANT PARTICULARLY IN KITCHENS AND BATHROOMS. The surface must be dry, clean and free from dust, oil, grease, soap, wax, mildew, rust, loose paint, etc. Before painting, wash the surface well with a concentrated solution of trisodium phosphate (T.S.P.) POLYPREP 771-137. Rinse well with clear water.  Mildew: Wash with bleach water. (1:3 bleach water: water) Glossy surfaces: Sand lightly. Bare wood: Seal knots and sap streaks with transparent shellac POLYPREP 205-112 or white-pigmented POLYPREP 2 (145-022). Loose paint: Scrape, then sand. Prime bare spots with recommended primer. Repair cracks and loose joints. Rust: Remove with CORROSTOP ULTRA 635-104 metal conditioner and rust remover. This technical data sheet was edited on December 1, 2002 and replaces any previous publication. To know the most recent data and recommendations on SICO products, consult your SICO representative.  TD-1367 TECHNICAL GUIDE  VISCOSITY: Ready for use. COLOURS: Titanium white 176-510, natural white 176-501, medium base 176-502, neutral base 176-503, yellow base 176-504 and red base 176-505. FLASH POINT: Non-flammable. TINTING: Can be tinted to Sico 4000 colour system. GLOSS (60°): REFLECTS (85°): 22 to 30% 60 to 70% COMPOSITION: Modified acrylic latex (binder), titanium dioxide and inert extenders (pigments), water (volatile matter), surfactants (agents) and others. DRYING TIME: RECOATING: 2 to 4 hours. 4 to 6 hours. Vary according to temperature and relative humidity. STORAGE: Keep between 4°C (40°F) and 26°C (80°F) in a safe and well-ventilated place.  Avoid freezing. SPREADING RATE: 11 to 13 square metres (120 to 140 sq. ft.) per litre depending on porosity and texture of the surface. THINNER/ CLEANER: Water. SIZES: 18.9 litres for 176-501. 3.78 litres and 946 ml for all products. APPLICATION TOOLS: Brush, roller or spray gun. Preferably a roller for large surfaces and a synthetic bristle (nylon/polyester) brush for cutting in and trim. SPECIFICATIONS: None.  Wash tools in warm soapy water immediately after use.  RECOMMENDED PRIMER  Bare wood: Apply one coat of alkyd primer SICO CLASSIC 180-110 or latex 170-125. Gypsum board, dry new plaster, concrete and concrete blocks: Apply one coat of latex primer CLASSIC 170-125. Previously painted surfaces and plaster repairs: Apply one coat of alkyd primer CLASSIC 180-110 or latex 170-125. Old plaster: Apply one coat of alkyd primer SICO CLASSIC 180-110. Ferrous metal: Apply one coat of CORROSTOP ULTRA anti-corrosion primer 635-260 or 635-785.  APPLICATION  Ready for use. No thinning required. Stir thoroughly before using. Apply generously and evenly. Provide adequate ventilation during application and drying. Allow to dry completely before recoating. Two finishing coats give a better durability and appearance. Application temperature: Minimum 10°C (50°F), maximum 32°C (90°F). Washing instructions: Allow to dry fourteen (14) days before washing. Soil and most household stains can be removed using a soft cloth or sponge and a concentrated solution of trisodium phosphate (T.S.P.) POLYPREP 771-137.  RESTRICTIONS  Do not use for exterior work. Do not use on floors.  SAFETY PRECAUTIONS  Do not swallow. Do not get in eyes or on skin. Wear safety glasses. FIRST AID TREATMENT: If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. If in eyes or on skin, rinse well with water. Keep out of reach of children. Paint disposal: Contact your municipality about proper paint disposal procedure.  

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