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Life Cycle Analysis Study of the EOS Main Building at the University of British Columbia Moayedi, Ferya 2010

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UBC Social, Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report  Life Cycle Analysis Study of the EOS Main Building at the University of British Columbia Ferya Moayedi University of British Columbia CIVL 498C March 2010  Disclaimer: “UBC SEEDS provides students with the opportunity to share the findings of their studies, as well as their opinions, conclusions and recommendations with the UBC community. The reader should bear in mind that this is a student project/report and is not an official document of UBC. Furthermore readers should bear in mind that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research persons mentioned in a report or the SEEDS Coordinator about the current status of the subject matter of a project/report.”  !  $  "  "  "  !  #  ! #  "  % !  " %& "  "  $() * ) + /)  *,$, ,  -* .( / ) )., 0 $+  + $2)3,$ * .( 3$ $,/  4( ( 4 $2 567 8 -  40  .  $ -$+ 1  0 $  0 ) '68 '9 9  '  ) .( .+ )+ ,  1. .( , -*  ;  , . ) .( , -*  7  9  <).((,  $  .( 0  =  )3$ ,  ,. 3 ), .( + )3 $+ *  '9  ,)+ ,$ $2$ * + *,$,  '  ! " # $ (  %  &  #  #  '  )  *  ! !  :  $, .(  !  ),  >  ,  ! '>  0  ! :>, " " ! 5>  ?  ""  ! =>  ? 0  ! ,  '9 ,  '  '9"  ! ?> ! ;>  ,  '' %  ':  @  ':  ! 7> ! 6>  '5 "  >  '=  $, .( ($1 3),  (  '>  "  ';  5  , 3 " "! "  C  $  !  "  ! !  !  " "  H"  "  "  #  9E $ A'9 0  .@  0FG #  "  !  "  !  "  !  " !  "  "  ,  D  8  "  !  " "  B "  "  "  "  "  "  : 6E  "  5E  !  "  "  ;= ; < G # I )., 0  8  !  >! %  !  8  "  ""  )., 0  > >  "  #  B  "  8 " )., 0  "  A  ! "  H"  I!  " !  ';9  " " !  =  $+ 3.-  $.+ )  .  2  ,  "  3  A).,B 0  !  !  !  )  "  ! !  1  0  6;  J' 7: "  !  "  -  "  8!  8  K"  "  6;:  ! A/ ,,B  "  !  K  "  )., 0  !  "  !  D  "  !  C  "  " "  "  A.L,FB  " C  >  @  )., 0  ! " 8  "  ! " 8  "  3  !  8  ,  6;9  "  "  3 )  8 +  ,  !  ?::6 ,  8  C  " 8 !  D "  Building System Structure Floors Exterior Walls  Interior Walls Windows Roof  Specific Building Characteristics Concrete and Steel. Basement: concrete columns and concrete block walls; first, second and third floor: HSS columns with OWSJ and aluminum cladding. Basement: Concrete slab on grade with polyethylene (6mil) as vapour barrier; first, second, and third floors: open web steel joists with concrete cover Basement: sand blasted concrete blocks with 2" fibreglass batt insulation, Polyethylene (6mil), and drywall finish with latex water based paint. First, second, and third floors: steel studs and aluminum cladding with 2" fibreglass batt insulation, Polyethylene (6mil), drywall finish and latex water based paint. Basement: concrete block; first, second, and third floors: steel studs with gypsum board and latex paint on both sides. First, second and third floor windows have glazing (low E tin), double pane, and basement windows have standard glazing, single pane. The roof envelope is commercial steel; open web steel joists, overlain by concrete cover; 2" rigid insulation (expanded polystyrene) and Polyethylene 6mil as vapour barrier.  ?  1. 1.  +- , . ) .( ,  -*  A  B  )  .  "! "  ,  A)., 0  C  "  "  >  "  !  " "  ! )., 0  >  " C " "  !  L  !  8  "  "  "  !  "  !  8  "  !  "  8  ( )., 0  " " %  "  !  " )., 0  !  "  " "  !  B  !  #  8  !  8  !  "  !  "  " %  "  " !  "  " % "  8 %  C  8  8  "  .  ! "  "  .  "  @  " "  !  !  8 8  ,  !  "  8 "  "  @  ;  ,  . ) .( ,  -*  " ! 0  !  ).,  #  "  " "  C  8  "  !  !  $  > >  8" )., 0  !  "  8  !  @  8  .. ,8 0 ) / .-. .1* + - -  " .  D . ,  $"  % .  ) "  A$)B  "  A., B  ,  K  !  0  8  !  "  "  8  #  "  D  "  : ? ' '=  D  ! %  %  $  "  8 . ,  8  % .  " "  %  ! "  8  % "  "  " "  #  %  "  !  % !  $  8  5 9 ?5  "  #  "  $)  8  "  )., 0  ! " %  $) !  C  !  8 !  2  $) "  !  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"  "  "  !  67:  "" "  67= C  " "  2  3  "! 8  "  "  8  ! 8  "  %  +  8!  8 "!  !  ! %  ,  ! "  ,  "  "  8  !  "  "  %  K" 8  "  !  "  !  "  "  "  "  %  "  "  @ "  !  "  !  "  "  $) 0.-)  $+ 1 + -  ,, 0  "  $.+ ,  !  $)8  "  "  !  4  8 "  "! 8  "! " (. + -  ""  !  $"  ) "  8  "  ! " 8  "  D  $.+ ,  "! K  !  8  " 8  !  ! !  "  )., 0 ) "  =I  5I  !  %  "  %  !  !  "  "  $"  $)  " %  " C  )., 0  !  8  A ' 5  ' =B8  A ' ?B8  C  C C  "  !  "  " !  "  "  A ' ;B  "  "! %  " +  $)  >,  )  ,  >L  C  )  .,  (  )., 0  "  !  "  59'>9;>99 %  8  59'>9;>997 $ " 6;  "  8 $"  %  ) "  "  !  "  "" "  8 %  "  "  C "  "  !  $) !  A ' :B !  $)K !  !  M;  M?  "  $)D L  ,  )., 0 A' ' B  ! A' :  ! ' : =B  L  "!  % A'  '  'B8  "  $)  C  '  ! !  %  !  % / "  8  C  7I  %!  %  %  $"  $)  9I D  !  C  % !  " 'I !  " @  " %  8  ) "  C  "  C  "  59'>9?>9 5  !  !  8 ! !  7I  "  ! % "  7IC7I %  $)D  "  !  ?"  !  "  !  8  $)D  %  59'>9?>996  "  )C !  "  $"  !  !  ) "  8  C  )., 0  !  "  $)  %  'I 3 !  !  M=  ., $) !  M5 "  "  "  !  C  % 8 ' : =B  ! $"  "  $)  @ "  ) " '5  D  " ,  8 "  A' :  "  "  .,  ! '9  !  "  C "  !  "  % =G7I C ?I !  %  A'9 1 B  A'= 1 B  K  "  " !  =G7I C 7I  ! %  C  C  "  %  $)  :  ! " "  "  "  "  A' : 5B !  ) "  >  0+ , + -  " $"  "  !  "  $"  @ "  "  "  A:  !  B  / ,, A: '  " "  "  % !  ! @  @B  "  )., 0  $)D  "  "  ""  A  @  "  / ,, 7C7C:;= !  ! "  !  ) "  !  "  "  >  ) "  )., 0  !  D  ) 0,  L  : ' :B  !  ""  $"  N A G'IB .  C  "  .,  59  C 8 !  @  "  59 8  @  ( ..3,  )., 0  K  ! B8  A  "  !  "!  "  ! A5 !  @ "  "  B  A.L,FB  A5 '  5 ' 'B  ! .,  59'>9;>99'K  @  !  59'>9;>99: @  !  " !  !  $"  ) " 8  8  "  ! ;=  5  3 "  ""  !  A.L,FB  59'>9;>99= @  !  "  "  K  "  D  " :=99  "  5999  $)D  "  "  "  ! ;=  "  )., 0  " C "!  "  !  "  " C  "  !  !  59'>9;>99;8 59'>9;>997 " " O  59'>9;>9 9  ! 8  " $)O$  "!  !  !  "  O-  "  "  "!  $)8  8  !  A  C B  "  " "  " " $)O$  O-  %  %  "  "  A  !  !  "  ! C B  ! $)O$  O  "  O"  $)O$  O  C  "  O-  "  8 $  8  A  "  C B ""  D  "  " %  "  " K  " "  $  .( 0  )3$  $"  "  ,  " 8  8  ! ) "  " !  "  A  "  !  0B  "  "!  =  )., 0 "  !  !  '  0  !  !  "  " "  Material 1/2" Fire-Rated Type X Gypsum Board 5/8" Regular Gypsum Board 6 mil Polyethylene Aluminum Batt. Fiberglass Commercial(26 ga.) Steel Cladding Concrete 20 MPa (flyash av) Concrete 30 MPa (flyash av) Concrete Blocks EPDM membrane Expanded Polystyrene Galvanized Decking Galvanized Sheet Galvanized Studs Hollow Structural Steel Joint Compound Low E Tin Glazing Modified Bitumen membrane Mortar Nails Open Web Joists Paper Tape Rebar, Rod, Light Sections Screws Nuts & Bolts Small Dimension Softwood Lumber, kiln-dried Solvent Based Alkyd Paint Standard Glazing Water Based Latex Paint Welded Wire Mesh / Ladder Wire Wide Flange Sections  ! C" "  "  "  " !  $"  Quantity 190.4066 12577.389 7629.577 9.7544 4318.3387 2081.821 1449.9416 456.4569 14789.924 642.7415 4557.162 64.7207 13.5023 33.3427 17.408 12.7425 565.3382 1862.0619 47.094 1.2038 50.0832 0.1462 121.8349 21.2679 1.5811 145.724 35.2809 1682.7441 2.6413 369.8732  ) "  SI Unit m2 m2 m2 Tonnes m2 (25mm) m2 m3 m3 Blocks kg m2 (25mm) Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes m2 kg m3 Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes Tonnes m3 L m2 L Tonnes Tonnes  !  "  #  ! "  "  )., 0  !  "  " ?  ! !  ! " !  "  8!  C"  9I  !  % A'  "  0  $)  ! %!  :?6 6  %  8  K  ! 8  "  ! "  0  !  !  0 !  "  " % !  " 8  %  # #  "  !  7I  "  L  $  C  %  B  !  #  " %!  !  %  "  #  8  !  0  )., 0  "  K  !  !  C  %  "  0  %#  "  58;69 ! !  %  $)  ! "  !  "  "  #  0 #  0  #  '=;; :76 " '  " )., 0  "  $)D  "  !  8  C "  "  "  K  59'>9?>99=  !  "  !  "  C  !  0  !  "  !  0 C  !  8  )., 0  A'9 0  556 6 " :  ! 8  "  + 8  "  " 0#  0  "  !  ! 8  B  ! "  8  .L,F  "  8 "  ;  ""  #  C  "  "  "  !  8 C 8  $"  !  ! ) "  C  "  0  D  "  "" "!  !  A' :  )., 0  "!  #  ' : 'B  !  !  , 00 3* 0) , 3), $" !  ) "  ""  (  "  !  ,  )., 0  !  "  " "  !  " >  "  ! 8  $" !  > "  8  8  8  "  "  # !  "  "  "  #  %  "  ) "  8  "  " 8  "  8"  ) "  8  !  $  8  $"  %  8  8  A ! #  $" $"  ) " ) "  " !  %  " P8  C  !  C "  % " Q 0(  (  B  "  P  3  !  "  A  " R 9S0  " "  R = S 0$  )C  .  $" #  R' '= S 0  ) " C  R' '= S 0L  " B L  4 (!  7  R' =  1 !  "  "  ""  !  !  #  !  P  !  "  "  A+ .CB  C  A,.'B  " "  ! " "  "  !  "  "  "  %  " 8  " )  @  !  L  " #  "  #  " #  $)  "  A+ B ! "  A 8  "  "  "  "  "  @  A . "  C  ""  "  ! !  !  8  8 A+ .CB  $)  C  $)B  8  !  /S #  !  / " , "  "  C  " C  C  " P .' #  "  !  .'  "  " B L  @  " "  A2. B  C  #  + .C !  A  ! $)  )., 0  !  $)B  4  6  8  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,)+ ,$  $2$ *  +  *,$,  , "  "  #  "  "  ,  ! #  !  (  )., 0  ""  8  .00)3 $  ,  ))  !  8  %8  "  "  '90 8  4  )  @  "" "  7' 6?" '  8  --$+ 1  , #  "  9E  9E "  #  .@  : 5E  "  ?E  ""  " "  "  " ""  ""  "  Impact Category Primary Energy Consumption Weighted Resource Use Global Warming Potential Acidification Potential HH Respiratory Effects Potential Eutrophication Potential Ozone Depletion Potential Smog Potential  %  "  "  ""  #  @  #  % Difference 0.44% 0.13% 0.43% 0.57% 0.40% 0.39% 3.35% 0.37%  '  .+ 3) ) '90  9E "  A'9 0  "  "  ! "  .@  =E  : 6E  "  " A'90 #  "  #  A'90 "  B -  !  #  " % "  B  K  "  "" "  %  #  #  Impact Category Primary Energy Consumption Weighted Resource Use Global Warming Potential Acidification Potential HH Respiratory Effects Potential Eutrophication Potential Ozone Depletion Potential Smog Potential  .+ 3) )  "  % Difference 0.75% 4.91% 1.70% 2.08% 2.06% 0.77% 3.85% 2.97%  . <  ! !  B  %  !  C  "!  )., 0  !  %8  9E  " "  .@ # "  '9 0  K  9 :E !  % "  " "  A  B  ''  8  "  $  #  Impact Category  % Difference  Primary Energy Consumption  0.11%  Weighted Resource Use  0.02%  Global Warming Potential  0.19%  Acidification Potential  0.25%  HH Respiratory Effects Potential  0.23%  Eutrophication Potential  0.07%  Ozone Depletion Potential  0.33%  Smog Potential  0.26%  .L )0$,,$2$ * $+ 1  T)- L$+ -.L,  "  @  C  8  C  8  9 ?E ! "  $  #  "  "  "  %  &  %  "  " 8  " %  Impact Category  "  " 8  "  "  #  % Difference  Primary Energy Consumption  0.02%  Weighted Resource Use  0.03%  Global Warming Potential  0.09%  Acidification Potential  0.15%  HH Respiratory Effects Potential  0.55%  Eutrophication Potential  0.06%  Ozone Depletion Potential  0.04%  Smog Potential  0.18%  ':  L$-) (  + 1) ,)  $.+ ,  9E 5 'E .  "  "  5E  "  ! .@  " %  "  !  !  "  $  %  "  "  #  "  " "  ! "%  #  Impact Category  % Difference  Primary Energy Consumption  4.15%  Weighted Resource Use  1.51%  Global Warming Potential  3.29%  Acidification Potential  2.36%  HH Respiratory Effects Potential  2.01%  Eutrophication Potential  4.05%  Ozone Depletion Potential  0.02%  Smog Potential  1.06%  !  8  #  "  !  L  ! "  "  $  "  "  " % "  "  "  !  $ -$+ 1 )3(.30 + ) (  8  ) "  ! "  #  )., 0  3  "  !  "  6;9 )  "  "  "  ! "  B  $"  C  " D A3) 3>2  "  A "  B  " # '5  "  !  3)  "  D  "  ! )., 0  !  D  'I ! 5  !  'I  % C  A  3>  : 5  K  "  8  "  3> "  59'>9?>9 5B ( ! C  3> !  %8  % 3>  "!  %!  !  !  ; 9:  D  3>  "!  3>  7  3>  8  8  " @  ! 3>  3>  96  3>  ! '9  59  "!  : :K !  3> : 9 !  3)  D  3> "  !  ! ?I  !  "  !  #  Assembly Type Exterior Wall Window Roof Weighted Average  " #  !  "  "  B  )., 0  "#  Total Area (ft2) 29011.17 6401 23445 58857.16667  %  @  : 6= A 3>  'I8 9I  ,  3>  ! "  %  "  8  !  8  %  C "  8  R-Value (ft2.degF.h/BTU) 'Current' Building 'Improved' Building 7.03 20 3.00 3.97 8.00 40 6.98 26.20  '=  !  ! !  !  3>  /  4  4U Q  AV BG3  8 8 "  " >! % "  !  # /  L 8 U4 4 C V 4 34  "  A "  !  "  ! K  %  "  !  "  !  "  B8  D  8 "  !  ! !  " "  " K  >! %  !  C"  A(  = 9B  "  '?  "  "  "  !  "  79  ! =7E "  !  !  "  1  !  "  "  !  !  "! ! %  "  8  "" "  %  $  "  "  "  ! C  " "  ! "  " 3  8  ! "  8 K  !  8 !  8  ! !  ';  .+  ,$.+ > >  )., 0  "  #  "  "  "  "  "  8  ""  " 5E  .@  !  " "  "  D  B  : 6E  " "  D  A  A'9 0 B "  ) "  ! !  8  "  "  9E #  "  8  $"  "  "  !  " !  8  ! ';9 0FG,#  ;= ;  < G,# )., 0 % !  !  " K  "  "  !  "  "  " $  ! "  "!  "  )., 0 !  "  " 3)  D  8  =9E  '7  $  $.13  A'99?B  /* +,  -. / )  A'99?B  #  +,  -. /  * * 0 12 $ % ! 0  0 A  6 4GG  ,  !  8 3  ! A  G  B 4-7  %8 3 A'9 9B $  4+  8. B  3  G! 8  3  3 ")  3  ,  * **0 12 $ %  4 5  0  8.  3 ")  4+  ,  0  '98 '9 98  0  '=8 '9 98  "  4  G 3  "  )  +  '6  4  + + )N  Assembly Group 1 Foundation  $) $+  , -.  0)+ Input Values  Assembly Type  Assembly Name  Input Fields Known/Measured  EIE Inputs  1.1 Concrete Slab-onGrade 1.1.1 SOG_5" Length (ft)  146.77  177.37  Width (ft)  146.77  177.37  5  4  3000  3000  -  average  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Envelope  Category Material  Vapour Barrier 4 mil Poly  6 mil Poly  -  -  Thichness (in)  1.2 Concrete Footing 1.2.1 Footing_TypeA  Length (ft)  18  18  Width (ft)  4.5  4.57  Thickness (in)  20  19.7  3000  3000  -  average  Rebar  #6  #6  Length (ft)  11  11  Width (ft)  5.5  6.70  Thickness (in)  24  19.7  3000  3000  -  average  Rebar  #6  #6  Length (ft)  66  66  Width (ft)  6  7.92  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % 1.2.2 Footing_TypeB  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % 1.2.3 Footing_TypeC  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar 1.2.4 Footing_TypeD  :9  26  19.7  3000  3000  -  average  #7  #6  Length (ft)  20.835  20.835  Width (ft)  4.167  5.08  24  19.7  3000  3000  -  average  #6  #6  4  4  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar 1.2.5 Footing_TypeE Length (ft) Width (ft)  4  4.00  18  18  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Length (ft)  80.01  80.01  Width (ft)  2.667  2.667  12  12  3000  3000  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar 1.2.6 Footing_TypeF  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar  -  average  #5  #5  8  8  1.2.7 Footing_TypeG Length (ft) Width (ft)  3  3.00  12  12  3000  3000  -  average  Rebar  #6  #6  Length (ft)  50  50  Width (ft)  5  5.58  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % 1.2.8 Footing_TypeH  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar  22  19.7  3000  3000  -  average  #6  #6  1.2.9 Footing_TypeJ Length (ft)  3.67  3.67  Width (ft)  3.67  3.67  18  18  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar  :  1.2.10 DeepFooting_1'x1'_Concrete Length (ft)  22.38  22.38  Width (ft)  22.38  13.63  Thickness (in)  12.00  19.7  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Length (ft)  39.12  39.12  Width (ft)  39.12  23.83  Thickness (in)  12.00  19.7  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Length (ft)  65.91  65.91  Width (ft)  65.91  40.15  Thickness (in)  12.00  19.7  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Length (ft)  20.78  20.78  Width (ft)  20.78  12.66  Thickness (in)  12.00  19.7  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  #5  #5  Length (ft)  64.00  64.00  Width (ft)  4.167  4.167  11  11  4000  4000  -  average  #4  #4  Length (ft)  64.00  64.00  Width (ft)  4.167  4.167  Rebar 1.2.11 DeepFooting_2'6"x1'_Concrete  Rebar 1.2.12 DeepFooting_2'x1'_Concrete  Rebar 1.2.13 DeepFooting_3'x1'_Concrete  Rebar 1.2.14 Stairs_Concrete_No1/West_64'/11"  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar 1.2.15 Stairs_Concrete_No2/NorthSide_64'/11"  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  :'  11  11  4000  4000  -  average  Rebar  #4  #4  Length (ft)  100.00  100.00  Width (ft)  4.167  4.167  11  11  4000  4000  -  average  #4  #4  Length (ft)  23.30  23.30  Width (ft)  4.167  4.167  1.2.16 Stairs_Concrete_No3/Core_100'/11"  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar 1.2.17 Stairs_Concrete_No4/East_23.3'/11"  Thickness (in) Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  2.1 Concrete Block Wall  11 4000  -  average  #4  #4  Length (ft)  667  667  Height (ft)  3.667  Door Type  Steel  3.667 Steel exterior door  3  3  35 standard glazing  35 standard glazing  376  376  #5  #5  Insulation  Insulation Fiberglass Batt  Rebar 2 Walls  11 4000  2.1.1 Wall_External_ConcreteBlock_Basement_10"  Number of Doors Number of Windows Type of Windows Total Window Area (ft2) Rebar Category Envelope  Material  batt Insulation  Thickness Category Material Category Material  2" Vapour Barrier Poly (6mil) Gypsum board drywall  Category  Poly (6mil) Gypsum Board Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Latex Waterbased  paint Latex water based  Length (ft)  779  779  Height (ft)  13.67  13.67  Material  paint  2" Vapour Barrier  2.1.2 Wall_Internal_ConcreteBlock_Basement_8"  ::  Door Opening 2.2 Cast In Place  Rebar  #4  #4  Number of Doors  15  Door Type  Internal doors  15 hollow core wood interior  Length (ft)  616  616  Height (ft)  13.70  13.70  2.2.1 Wall_CastInPlace_Core_AllFloors  Thickness (in)  12  12  4000  4000  -  average  #4  #5  Door Type  4 wood dorrs with glass  4 Hollow core wood internal  Thickness  -  -  Length (ft)  1318  1318  Height (ft)  13.5  13.5  7 Steel frame doors with glass  7 Steel exterior door  165 Low E tin  165 Low E tin glazing  4152  4152  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash % Rebar Number of Doors  2.3 Steel Stud  2.3.1 Wall_External_SteelStud_First and Second Floors_1'7"  Number of Doors Door Type Number of Windows Type of windows Total Window Area (ft2) Sheathing Type Stud Spacing Stud Weight Stud Thickness Envelope  Category Material Thickness Category  -  -  20'  24oc  -  Heavy (20Ga)  8x8  1 5/8 x 8  Paint Latex Paint drywall  Material Thickness Category Material Thickness (in) Category Material  Insulation  Latex water based Gypsum Board Gypsum Regular 5/8" -  Vapour Barrier  Insulation Fiberglass Batt 2 Vapour Barrier  Poly (6mil)  6 mil  Rigid Insulation 2  :5  Polyethylene Thickness (in) Category  Material Thickness (in)  -  -  Cladding  Cladding Steel Cladding Commercial (26 ga.)  Aluminunm panles -  -  2.3.2 Wall_External_SteelStud_ThirdFloor_1'7" Length (ft)  660  660  Height (ft)  13.29  13.29  2 Steel frame doors with glass  2  Number of Doors Door Type Number of Windows Type of windows Total Window Area (ft2)  76 Low E tin  76 Low E tin glazing  1873  1873  Sheathing Type Stud Spacing Stud Weight Stud Thickness Envelope  Category Material  -  -  20'  24oc  -  Heavy (20Ga)  8x8  1 5/8 x 8  Paint Latex Paint  Thickness Category  drywall  -  -  Insulation  Insulation Fiberglass Batt  Material  Material  batt Insulation  Thickness (in) Category Material  Latex water based Gypsum Board Gypsum Regular 5/8"  Thickness Category  steel exterior  2 Vapour Barrier Poly (6mil)  Thickness (in)  2 Vapour Barrier 6 mil Polyethylene  -  -  Cladding  Aluminunm panles  Cladding Steel Cladding Commercial (26 ga.)  -  -  Length (ft)  3773  3773  Height (ft)  13.7  13.7  None  None  Category  Material Thickness (in) 2.3.3 Wall_Internal_SteelStud_Type2  Sheathing Type  :=  Stud Spacing  -  16oc  Stud Weight  -  Light (25Ga)  1 5/8 x 6  1 5/8 x 6  103  103 Hollow core wood internal  Stud Thickness Door Opening  Number of Doors Door Type  Envelope  internal doors  Category  drywall  gypsum board Gypsum Regular 5/8"  2"  -  paint Latex Water based  paint Latex water based  Length (ft)  68  68  Height (ft)  13.7  13.7  Sheathing Type  None  None  Stud Spacing  16 oc  16oc  -  Light (25Ga)  1 5/8 x 3 5/8  1 5/8 x 3 5/8  fire-rated drywall  gypsum board Fire-rated gypsum type X 1/2"  2"  -  paint Latex Water based  paint Latex water based  Length (ft)  75  75  Height (ft)  13.7  13.7  Sheathing Type  None  None  Stud Spacing  16 oc  16oc  -  Light (25Ga)  Material  -  Thickness Category Material 2.3.4 Wall_Internal_SteelStud_Type3  Stud Weight Stud Thickness Envelope  Category Material Thickness Category Material  2.3.5 Wall_Internal_SteelStud_Type4  Stud Weight Stud Thickness Envelope  1 5/8 x 6  1 5/8 x 6  drywall  gypsum board Gypsum Regular 5/8"  2"  -  paint Latex Water based  paint Latex water based  0  0  Category Material Thickness Category  3 Columns and Beams  Material  3.1 Concrete Column 3.1.1 Column_Concrete_Basement Number of  :?  Beams Number of Columns Floor to floor height (ft) Bay sizes (ft) Supported span (ft) Live load (psf)  3.2 Steel Column 3.2.1 Column_Steel_FirstFloor_HSS  Number of Beams Number of Columns Floor to floor height (ft)  14.5  47.00  40.00  16.17  19.91  100  100  33  33  30  30 13.5 40.00  16.67  23.04  100  100  33  33  37  37  13.5  13.5  47.00  40.00  19.17  35.94  100  100  33  33  37  37  13.29  13.29  47.00  40.00  19.17  35.94  100  100  1,037.50  1,037.50  Span (ft)  16.67  16.67  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  Number of Beams Number of Columns Floor to floor height (ft) Bay sizes (ft) Supported span (ft) Live load (psf) Number of Beams Number of Columns Floor to floor height (ft) Bay sizes (ft) Supported span (ft) Live load (psf)  4 Floors  14.5  13.5  Live load (psf)  3.2.3 Column_Steel_ThirdFloor_HSS  62  47.00  Bay sizes (ft) Supported span (ft) 3.2.2 Column_Steel_SeocndFloor_HSS  62  4.1 Concrete Suspended Slab 4.1.1 Floor_ConcreteSuspendedSlab_FirstFloor Floor Width (ft)  :;  Live load (psf)  -  75  4.2 OWSJ 4.2.1 Floors_OWSJ_SecondFloor Floor Width (ft)  1,224.45  1,224.45  Span (ft)  19.17  19.17  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  -  75  1,224.14  1,224.14  Span (ft)  19.17  19.17  Concrete (psi) Concrete flyash %  3000  3000  -  average  Live load (psf)  -  75  Roof Width (ft)  1,223.00  1,223.00  Roof Span (ft)  19.17  19.17  Decking Type Decking Thickness  1/2' Steel deck  -  1/2'  5/8  Insulation  Insulation Fiberglass Batt  Live load (psf) 4.2.2 Floors_OWSJ_ThirdFloor Floor Width (ft)  5 Roof  5.2 OWSJ 5.2.1 Roof_OWSJ  Envelope  Category Material  Rigid Insulation  Thickness Category Material  2" Vapour Barrier 6mil Poly  Thickness Category  SteelRoof System -  Material  :7  2" Vapour Barrier 6mil Polyethylene SteelRoof System Commercial  + + )N Assembly Group  1 Foundation  $) $+ Assembly Type  , ,, 0  $.+ , -.  Assembly Name  0)+ Specific Assumptions  The Impact Estimator, SOG inputs are limited to being either a 4” or 8” thickness. Since the actual SOG thicknesses for the EOS Main building were not exactly 4” or 8” thick, the areas measured in OnScreen required calculations to adjust the areas to accommodate this limitation. The Impact Estimator limits the thickness of footings to be between 7.5” and 19.7” thick. As there are a number of cases where footing thicknesses exceed 19”, their widths were increased accordingly to maintain the same volume of footing while accommodating this limitation. Lastly, the concrete stairs were modelled as footings (ie. Stairs_Concrete_TotalLength). All stairs had the same thickness and width, so the total length of stair was measured and were combined into a single input. 1.1 Concrete Slab-on-Grade  1.1.1 SOG_5"  The flyash used is assumed to be average. The area of this slab had to be adjusted so that the thickness fit into the 4" thickness specified in the Impact Estimator. The following calculation was done in order to determine appropriate Length and Width (in feet) inputs for this slab; = sqrt[((Measured Slab Area) x (Actual Slab Thickness))/(4”/12) ] = sqrt[ (25167 x (5”/12))/(4”/12) ]  1.2 Concrete Footing  = 177.37 feet 1.2.1 Footing_TypeA The width of this slab was adjusted to accommodate the Impact Estimator limitation of footing thicknesses to be under 19.7”. The measured length was maintained, thicknesses were set at 19.7” and the widths were increased using the following calculations; = [(Cited Width) x (Cited Thickness)] / (19.7”/12) = [(4.5’*4) x (20”/12)] / (19.7”/12) :6  = 4.57 feet 1.2.2 Footing_TypeB The width of this slab was adjusted to accommodate the Impact Estimator limitation of footing thicknesses to be under 19.7”. The measured length was maintain, thicknesses were set at 19.7” and the widths were increased using the following calculations; = [(Cited Width) x (Cited Thickness)] / (19.7”/12) = [(5.5’*2) x (24”/12)] / (19.7”/12) 1.2.3 Footing_TypeC  = 6.7 feet The rebar used in building is #7 but in Athena there's only #4,5,6, therefore rebar #6 was chose. The width of this slab was adjusted to accommodate the Impact Estimator limitation of footing thicknesses to be under 19.7”. The measured length was maintain, thicknesses were set at 19.7” and the widths were increased using the following calculations; = [(Cited Width) x (Cited Thickness)] / (19.7”/12) = [(6’*6) x (26”/12)] / (19.7”/12)  1.2.4 Footing_TypeD  = 7.92 feet The width of this slab was adjusted to accommodate the Impact Estimator limitation of footing thicknesses to be under 19.7”. The measured length was maintain, thicknesses were set at 19.7” and the widths were increased using the following calculations; = [(Cited Width) x (Cited Thickness)] / (19.7”/12) = [(4.167’*5) x (26”/12)] / (19.7”/12) = 5.08 feet  59  1.2.7 Footing_TypeH  The width of this slab was adjusted to accommodate the Impact Estimator limitation of footing thicknesses to be under 19.7”. The measured length was maintain, thicknesses were set at 19.7” and the widths were increased using the following calculations; = [(Cited Width) x (Cited Thickness)] / (19.7”/12) = [(5’*10) x (22”/12)] / (19.7”/12)  1.2.10 Deepfooting_1'x1'_C oncrete  = 5.58 feet The area of this was measured and multiplied by the cited thickness to get the volume. Then the calculated volume was divided by the square root of the measured area and then divided again by 19.7" to get the width of the footing at 19.7". This was done using the following calculations; = [[(Measured Area) x (Cited Thickness)] / sqrt(Measured Area)] / (19”/12)] = [[(501 ft2) x (12"/12)] / (501')^(1/2)] / (19.7”/12)  1.2.11 Deepfooting_2'6"x1'_ Concrete  = 13.63 feet The area of this was measured and multiplied by the cited thickness to get the volume. Then the calculated volume was divided by the square root of the measured area and then divided again by 19.7" to get the width of the footing at 19". This was done using the following calculations; = [[(Measured Area) x (Cited Thickness)] / sqrt(Measured Area)] / (19”/12)] = [[(1530 ft2) x (12"/12)] / (1530')^(1/2)] / (19.7”/12) = 23.83 feet  5  1.2.12 Deepfooting_2'x1'_C oncrete  The area of this was measured and multiplied by the cited thickness to get the volume. Then the calculated volume was divided by the square root of the measured area and then divided again by 19.7" to get the width of the footing at 19.7". This was done using the following calculations; = [[(Measured Area) x (Cited Thickness)] / sqrt(Measured Area)] / (19”/12)] = [[(4344 ft2) x (12"/12)] / (4344')^(1/2)] / (19.7”/12)  1.2.13 Deepfooting_3'x1'_C oncrete  = 40.15 feet The area of this was measured and multiplied by the cited thickness to get the volume. Then the calculated volume was divided by the square root of the measured area and then divided again by 19.7" to get the width of the footing at 19.7". This was done using the following calculations; = [[(Measured Area) x (Cited Thickness)] / sqrt(Measured Area)] / (19”/12)] = [[(432 ft2) x (12"/12)] / (432')^(1/2)] / (19.7”/12)  2 Walls  = 40.15 feet 1.2.14 The thickness of the stairs was calculated to be 11 Stairs_Concrete_No1 inches based on the cross-section structural /West_64'/11" drawings and details. Lengths were calculated by multiplying the stairs length by 2*number of floors on which they extend The length of the concrete cast-in-place walls needed adjusting to accommodate the wall thickness limitation in the Impact Estimator. It was assumed that external steel stud walls were heavy gauge (20Ga) and interior steel stud walls were heavy gauge (25Ga). 2.1 Concrete Block Wall 2.2.1 Athena's concrete blocks are standard 200mm x Wall_External_Concr 200mm x 400 mm (8" x 8" x 15"), so the 10" eteBlock_Basement_ concrete block wall is modeled as 8". No sanblast 10" finish available in IE so no finish was selected for the walls. Doors were set to steel exterior doors. 2.2.1 In Athena, doors were selected as hollow core Wall_Internal_Concr wood interior. Drywall was not an option for wall eteBlock_Basement_ finish in IE so gypsum wallboard was selected 8" instead of drywall for all wall types. 2.2 Cast In 5'  Place 2.2.1 Wall_CastInPlace_C ore_AllFloors 2.3 Steel Stud  3 Columns and Beams  Doors were set to hollow core wood.  2.3.1 Wall_External_Steel Stud_First and Second Floors_1'7"  Because 1st and 2nd floors have the same assembly and same floor to floor height, the length of wall and all openings were added up to represent one assembly. Doors (entrance and exit) were steel framed with glass, however, Athena does not have such doors therefore, steel exterior doors were selected. Entrance and exit doors (2 side doors) were counted twice to compensate for the smaller "door size" in Athena 2.3.2 Exterior walls are covered with aluminum panels Wall_External_Steel on the outside, however, Athena does not have Stud_ThirdFloor_1'7" aluminum panels as wall cladding therefore commercial steel cladding was selected. Also, steel exterior doors were selected in Athena. 2.4.3 Stud spacing was assumed to be 16 o.c. Wall_Internal_SteelS 2" thick drywall was used on both sides but Athena tud_Type2 does not have that type of drywall as part of wall assembly, therefore regular gypsum 5/8" was selected. All walls have Latex water based paint. 2.4.4 Stud spacing was assumed to be 16 o.c. Wall_Internal_SteelS Firerated drywall was used on both sides, Athena tud_Type3 does not have that drywall as part of wall assembly, therefore Fire Rated Type X Gypsum 1/2" was selected. Paint is on both sides and latex water based is selected 2.4.5 Stud spacing was assumed to be 16 o.c. Wall_Internal_SteelS 2" thick drywall was used on one side, Athena tud_Type4 does not have that drywall as part of wall assembly, therefore regular gypsum 5/8" was selected. Paint is on one side and latex water based is selected The method used to measure column sizing was completely depended upon the metrics built into the Impact Estimator. That is, the Impact Estimator calculates the sizing of beams and columns based on the following inputs; number of beams, number of columns, floor to floor height, bay size, supported span and live load. This being the case, in OnScreen, since no beams were present in the EOS Main building's basement and first floor, concrete columns were accounted for on each floor, while each floor’s area was measured. The number of 5:  beams supporting each floor were assigned an average bay and span size in order to cover the measured area, as seen assumption details below for each input. The hollow structural steel (HSS) columns in the EOS Main building were modelled in Athena as HSS columns with the given live load of 100 psf. Basement contains concrete columns of different shapes and sizes (some 3.1 Concrete circular and some square). The most common type was chosen to model Column the building's basement. 3.1.1 Because of the limitation of bay size (up to 40ft. ) Column_Concrete_B in Athena, the area was recalculated based on bay asement size 40ft. The new span size is calculated as shown: = (Original span)/ ( Origianal floor width) * (Measured Supported Floor Area) / (40 ft. * 2) = (16.67ft) / (181 ft) * ( 17,292 /80 ) 3.2 Steel Column  = 19.9 ft 3.2.1 Column_Steel_FirstF loor_HSS  Because of the limitation of bay size (up to 40ft. ) in Athena, the area was recalculated based on bay size 40ft. The new span size is calculated as shown: = (Original span)/ ( Origianal floor width) * (Measured Supported Floor Area) / (40 ft. * 2) = (19.17 ft) / (width/50*2) * ( 17,292 /80 ) = 23.04 ft The area used for first floor is less than second and third floor becuase not all of it is OSWJ, there is also a slab used in first floor (due to different elevations in footigns) which is calculated as part of the concrete SOG. Beam type is selected WF Gerber.  55  3.2.2 Column_Steel_Seco ndFloor_HSS  Because of the limitation of bay size (up to 40ft. ) in Athena, the area was recalculated based on bay size 40ft. The new span size is calculated as shown: = (Original span)/ ( Origianal floor width) * (Measured Supported Floor Area) / (40 ft. * 2) = (19.17 ft) / (area/50*3) * ( 23,469/80 )  3.2.3 Column_Steel_Third Floor_HSS  = 35.94 ft Because of the limitation of bay size (up to 40ft. ) in Athena, the area was recalculated based on bay size 40ft. The new span size is calculated as shown: = (Original span)/ ( Origianal floor width) * (Measured Supported Floor Area) / (40 ft. * 2) = (19.17 ft) / (area/50*3) * ( 23,463 /80 )  4 Floors  5 Roof  = 35.94 ft The Impact Estimator calculated the thickness of the material based on floor width, span, concrete strength, concrete flyash content and live load. The only assumptions that had to be made in this assembly group were setting the live load to 75psf. Second floor, third floor, and roof structures all have concrete slabs covering steel material which is included in Athena IE. 4.1 Concrete Suspended Slab 4.1.1 To calculate the floor width, divide the floor area Floor_ConcreteSusp by span size of 19.17ft. endedSlab_FirstFloor = 17292 sq ft/ 19.17 ft = 1037.53 ft. 4.2 OWSJ 4.2.1 To calculate the floor width, divide the floor area Floors_OWSJ_Seco by span size of 19.17ft. ndFloor = 23469 sq ft/ 19.17 ft = 1224.45 ft. 4.2.2 To calculate the floor width, divide the floor area Floors_OWSJ_Third by span size of 19.17ft. Floor = 23463 sq ft/ 19.17 ft = 1224.14 ft. The live load was assumed to be 75 psf and the concrete strength was set to 4,000psi instead of the specified 3,500psi.  5=  

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