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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Resource allocation for the median peace river farm in British Columbia Holtby, Robert Gordon 1972

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RESOURCE ALLOCATION FOR THE MEDIAN PEACE RIVER FARM IN BRITISH COLUMBIA by ROBERT GORDON HOLTBY B.S.A., Univ e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, 1967 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE i n the Department of A g r i c u l t u r a l Economics We accept t h i s thesis as conforming to the required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA September, 1972 "In presenting this thesis i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l m e n t of the requirements for an advanced degree at the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, I agree that the L i b r a r y s h a l l make i t f r e e l y available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of t h i s thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the Head of my Department or by his representative. I t i s understood that copying or p u b l i c a t i o n of this thesis for f i n a n c i a l gain s h a l l not be allowed without my written permission." ABSTRACT The s p e c i f i c objective of t h i s study was to determine the most p r o f i t a b l e use of a g r i c u l t u r a l resource's for the median farmer i n the Peace River block of B r i t i s h Columbia. The t o o l to determine t h i s objective was Linear Programming. F i f t e e n a c t i v i t i e s were selected f or consideration within the program. These were: four crop r o t a t i o n s ; cow-calf; cow-yearling; four beef feedlot a c t i v i t i e s ; pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef; confinement rearing of lambs; conventional rearing of lambs; farrow to f i n i s h swine; and f i n i s h -ing swine. The r e s t r a i n t s on.these a c t i v i t i e s were 480 acres of c u l t i v a t e d land, a sum of c a p i t a l equal to $70,000 less the cost of the land, and four 780 hour labour periods. To account for d i s p a r i t i e s i n the a g r i c u l t u r e within the region, nine l i n e a r program matrices were constructed to r e f l e c t conditions documented for nine d i s t r i c t s within the Peace River. Because no consistent data base was found to e x i s t the author c a r r i e d out a l i t e r a t u r e search to se l e c t the "best data" a v a i l a b l e for the purposes of t h i s study. Once the data base was constructed and the programs run, the r e s u l t s were analysed. A l l nine programs c a l l e d f o r the f i n i s h i n g of beef c a t t l e using purchased high moisture barley e n s i l e d , purchased hay, supplement, and other f e e d s t u f f s . Five of the programs also c a l l e d for f i n i s h i n g beef c a t t l e on pasture with purchased grain fed free choice but r e s t r i c t e d with animal tallow. The Gross Margins r e s u l t i n g from these i i i a c t i v i t i e s ranged from $19,082. to $33,936. The importance of these r e s u l t s l i e s i n the fact that a l l crop a c t i v i t i e s which currently dominate the a g r i c u l t u r a l economy were rejected. Thus, i f the median farmer i s to achieve optimality, he must r a d i c a l l y change his technology. The type of change recommended by t h i s study i s the most d i f f i c u l t to achieve. I t c a l l s for a concerted e f f o r t by p r o v i n c i a l extension personnel to provide educational programs which encourage and f a c i l i t a t e the acceptance of such change. i v PREFACE The author wishes to express h i s thanks to the chairman of h i s committee, Dr. George Winter, and members, Dr. Coolie Verner and Mr. Ted Osborne for t h e i r constructive c r i t i c i s m and d i r e c t i o n , p a r t i c u l a r l y i n the e a r l y stages of preparation of t h i s paper. Appreciation i s also given to Dr. Winter for h i s continuing encouragement and support to the author during h i s academic career. Acknowledgement i s made of the many people who provided material and d i r e c t i o n during the course of t h i s study: Messrs. Jack Dobb, Werner Hooge , Gary Wendel, Jim H a l l , and Ian Came of the B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e ; and Messrs. Arnold Hennig, Ken Dawley and John Leaske of the Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . F i n a n c i a l support for t h i s study was provided by the B r i t i s h Columbia A g r i c u l t u r a l Services Coordinating Committee on recommendation of the S o c i a l Sciences Bead Committee. Appreciation i s expressed to both committees for th e i r support. A s p e c i a l thank you i s also accorded to the author's wife Margaret for her support and encouragement throughout this project and her assistance i n the many tasks required to complete t h i s study. CONTENTS Page LIST OF TABLES ix LIST OF FIGURES x CHAPTER I THE PEACE RIVER 1 Geographic Description 1 Physical Description and Climate 2 History and Economy 3 The Canada Land Inventory Study 4 Recent Developments 6 Discussion 9 CHAPTER II LINEAR PROGRAMMING 1 0 Assumption of Linear Programming 11 Simplex Procedures 13 Post-Optimal Analysis 18 The Dual 18 The Economic Interpretation of a Resource 20 Allocation Problem . . The UBC LIP Programming Package 24 CHAPTER III THE DATA 26 a) Selection of Target Areas 26 b) Selection of Production Activities 27 c) Selection of Resource Constraints 31 d) Resource Budgeting . J 37 i) Crop Rotations 37 i i ) Cow-Calf 38 vi Page i i i ) Cow-Yearling . . . 39 i v ) Beef Feeding I-IV 39 v) Pasture F i n i s h i n g of Beef 40 v i ) Confinement Rearing of Sheep . . . . . 42 v i i ) Conventional Rearing of Sheep 42 v i i i ) Farrow to F i n i s h Hog Production . . . . 43 ix) F i n i s h i n g Hog Production 43 e) The Objective Functions 43 i ) Crop Yields and Prices 44 i i ) Livestock Yields and Prices 45 i i i ) Buy Functions 46 i v ) Summary 46 CHAPTER IV THE RESULTS 47 A c t i v i t i e s Included 47 Iterations 47 Resources 53 Objective Function 54 S t a b i l i t y 54 Summary 55 CHAPTER V THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RESULTS 57 D i f f i c u l t i e s Expected i n the Introduction of Livestock 57 Suggestions for Change 60 Summary 62 BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 3 < v i i Page APPENDIXES A. A Map of the Peace River 66 B. Documents of the South Peace Feeder Association 68 C. Correspondance from A. Hennig . . . . . . . 78 D. Input Requirements 84 E. Yields and Prices 162 F. F i f t e e n Year A c t i v i t y Budgets 171 G. Linear Program Input and Output 243 v i i i LIST OF TABLES Table Page II-1 A Simplex Tableau 16 I I I - l Study Areas i n the Peace River 28 III-2 B.C. Peace River - S o i l Zones 30 III-3 Crop Rotations f or the Peace River 32 III-4 Resource Constraints and Right Hand Sides 35 IV-1 Summary of Results 48 IV-2 It e r a t i o n s i n the Peace River Linear Programs 50 i x LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page II-1 The Relationship between Input and Outputs i n a Linear Programming S i t u a t i o n 22 x CHAPTER I THE PEACE RIVER 1 Geographic Description The Peace River block i n B r i t i s h Columbia i s located i n the north-east corner of Canada's western province. I t s boundaries are the Beaton River A i r p o r t , 80 miles north of Fort St. John, on the north, the A l b e r t a - B r i t i s h Columbia border on the east, Tupper, 25 miles south of Dawson Creek, on the south, and the Rocky Mountains on the west. The Peace River, from which the d i s t r i c t received i t s name, divides the region. Fort St. John i s the main commercial center i n the northern section while Dawson Creek serves the south. The region i s connected to Vancouver by the P a c i f i c Great Eastern Railroad and to Edmonton by the Northern Alberta Railroad. P a c i f i c Western A i r l i n e s f l i e s r e g u l a r l y from Dawson Creek; Canadian P a c i f i c A i r l i n e s from Fort St. John. The area i s linked by roads to Edmonton, Prince George (the John Hart Highway) and the Yukon and Alaska (the Alaska Highway). Because access to the south and west i s r e s t r i c t e d by the Rocky Mountains, and because of common economic l i n k s with Al b e r t a , the Peace River appears to many observers to be more a part of A l b e r t a rather than B r i t i s h Columbia. I t shares the same time zones with Alberta, i t s fede r a l regional headquarters are i n Edmonton rather than i n Vancouver, See Appendix A 1 as are commercial headquarters. In short, the r e a l i t y of the geographic boundary of the Peace River i s of more consequence to residents than the p o l i t i c a l border separating the area from Alberta. 2 Physical Description and Climate The land type i s divided into two areas. The eastern area i s characterized by r o l l i n g p l a i n broken by sharply eroded r i v e r s and streams. In the west, the p r a i r i e s give way to f o o t h i l l s and mountains. The massive Peace River Dam i s located i n the western region. Total acreage i n the area i s 4.3 m i l l i o n acres of which 2.6 m i l l i o n are considered arable. S o i l orders are: the Padzolic with 1.7 m i l l i o n acres; the Chernozenius of 1.3 m i l l i o n acres; organic s o i l s i n 0.25 m i l l i o n acres; the Brumsoils of 0.16 m i l l i o n acres; and 0.89 m i l l i o n acres of rock, water and minor s o i l types. The area i s i n the Boreal Forest region and consequently the native vegetation consists mainly of aspens, balsams, poplars, white b i r c h , lodgepole pine, white spruce, black spruce and tamaracks. The region has a climate unique i n B r i t i s h Columbia. Summers are warm and winters are r e l a t i v e l y cold. Because of i t s p o s i t i o n above the f i f t y - f i f t h l a t i t u d e north, i t enjoys a r e l a t i v e l y long photo-period during the summer months. While r a i n f a l l i s low, i t s incidence during the growing season does not l i m i t the p o t e n t i a l for ag r i c u l t u r e . ^Coolie Verner, Gary Dickinson, Bruce Kloosterman, A Socio-Economic Survey of the Peace River Area, Report #4, A.R.D.A. -Canada Land Inventory Project #49009 (Vancouver : University of B r i t i s h Columbia, 1968) pp. 2-4. 3 3 History and Economy Land a l i e n a t i o n was begun at the turn of the century mainly by disgruntled gold seekers. Many veterans returning from World War One took up land following the close of h o s t i l i t i e s and consequently named many of the small communities a f t e r b a t t l e s of that war. The b u i l d i n g of the Alaska Highway during the second World War resulted i n a boom of the economy and many army and a i r force personnel returned a f t e r the war to take up farming. In 1951, o i l and natural gas were discovered, p r i m a r i l y i n the North Peace. This i n d u s t r i a l development added much to the economy, thus reducing the dependence on a g r i c u l t u r e . In 1951, the John Hart Highway was completed between Prince George and Dawson Creek. In 1958, the P a c i f i c Great Eastern Railway also connected those c i t i e s . Both of these developments were of great s i g n i f i c a n c e to the s e r v i c e , transportation and communication i n d u s t r i e s . In spite of these developments, ag r i c u l t u r e s t i l l dominates the region. Elevator companies such as the A l b e r t a Wheat Pool, the United Grain Growers, National Grains, and Federal Grains e x i s t throughout the area, with elevators i n Pouce Coupe, Dawson Creek, Taylor, and Fort St. John. A licensed stockyard i s operated i n Dawson Creek as well as a f e d e r a l l y inspected slaughter house. A slaughter house has been b u i l t i n Fort St. John but to date has not received f e d e r a l inspection. Government informational support to a g r i c u l t u r e comes from f i v e sources: a D i s t r i c t A g r i c u l t u r i s t i n Dawson Creek and i n Fort St. John; a Farm Credit Corporation advisor i n Dawson Creek; extension of research Ibid. , pp. 4-5. f a c i l i t i e s from the Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e Research Farm i n Beaverlodge A l b e r t a ; and the presence of an a g r i c u l t u r a l department at the B r i t i s h Columbia Vocational School i n Dawson Creek. Most Farm equipment companies are represented through dealer-ships throughout the area. However, no parts depot e x i s t s closer than Edmonton. To date, there are no private a g r i c u l t u r a l consultant firms operating l o c a l l y , although one accounting f i r m with branches throughout the area s p e c i a l i z e s i n farm accounting. The Canada Land Inventory Study In 1967, a survey team from the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia observed the r u r a l area under the d i r e c t i o n of Dr. Coolie Verner with funding from the Canada Land Inventory operating under the A g r i c u l t u r a l and Rural Development Act (ARDA). The summary of t h e i r r e s u l t s indicate serious d i f f i c u l t y i n the economics of the a g r i c u l t u r a l community. Of the 203 household heads of r u r a l land holdings who were interviewed, 113 (55.7 per cent) were c l a s s i f i e d as farm and 90 (44.3 per cent) were c l a s s i f i e d as non-farm since the value of t h e i r saleable products did not exceed $250.00. The median age of farm respondants was i n the 45 to 54 year class while the median age of the non-farm group was i n the 35 to 44 year class. The l e v e l of l i v i n g of both groups was considered adequate but many homes lacked a telephone and piped-in water. Both groups t r a v e l l e d a median distance of eleven to f i f t e e n miles f o r e s s e n t i a l goods and services and an average of t h i r t y miles for medical care and twenty miles for food and clo t h i n g . Farm residents had a generally higher s o c i a l p a r t i c i p a t i o n score than non-farm 5 residents. The median educational l e v e l was at grade eight. 1.5 per cent of the respondants possessed u n i v e r s i t y degrees while 10.3 per cent were f u n c t i o n a l l y i l l i t e r a t e . Few of the farmers had taken a s p e c i a l i z e d a g r i c u l t u r e course. The farm group reported a less favourable attitude toward change than did the non-farm group. Of the farm group, 45.1 per cent reported off-farm work as a source of employment. The majority of off-farm jobs were i n the u n s k i l l e d or s e m i - s k i l l e d categories. The p r i n c i p a l a g r i c u l t u r a l product sold by the farm group was f i e l d crops. Beef c a t t l e was the next highest product sold but reported much less frequently. Only 7.1 per cent of the farmers maintained more than eighty animal u n i t s . The farmers who received less than f i f t y per cent of t h e i r t o t a l family income from farming reported a median land holding i n the 320 to 639 acres group with the median improved acres i n the 100 to 159 acre group. Those farmers who received more than ha l f t h e i r t o t a l family income from farming reported a median land holding of more than 640 acres while the median improved acres was i n the 320 to 639 acres group. The median estimated value of farms for the smaller farm income group was i n the $20,000 to $29,999 group while the median estimated value for those more dependant on ag r i c u l t u r e was i n the $50,000 to $69,999 group. In 1966, the average t o t a l income for farm f a m i l i e s was $4,006 and f i f t y - f i v e f a m i l i e s (48.7 per cent).were below the poverty l i n e . T otal farm family income tended to decrease as the proportion of income derived from a g r i c u l t u r e increased. Nearly s i x t y per cent of those who did no off-farm work were c l a s s i f i e d as poor. 6 Recent Developments In an attempt to raise farm income by increasing the competence of the farmers to farm their land, and to present viable alternatives to the high dependance of farmers on f i e l d crops, five developments of significance have taken place in the area. Because of the density of the uncleared bush lands, summer range which is of c r i t i c a l importance to beef and sheep producers is in scarce supply. The British Columbia Forest Service has recently sought to correct this problem through the development of community pastures throughout the region. Once cleared, these pastures are either allowed to naturally reseed in native grasses, or are seeded to tame grass. Overall supervision is supplied through the Forest Agrologist located in Dawson Creek. Local personnel are used to supervise while on the range. Through this development, farmers who wish to diversify with beef cattle are no longer forced to use their limited cleared land for summer pasture. Recent interest has also been shown in the development of specialty crops such as a l f a l f a dehydration. Investigations as to the v i a b i l i t y of this enterprise have been carried out by local producers and o f f i c i a l s of the British Columbia Department of Agriculture. The availability of low pressure "sweet" natural gas and economically feasible freight rates to Vancouver indicate the possibility of such crop processing becoming a reality. In the f a l l of 1970, feeding t r i a l s using high moisture barley ( at 25 per cent moisture ) were conducted through the cooperation of the B.C. Department of Agriculture, the B.C. Vocational School, and the Canada Department of Agriculture. I n i t i a l results from these 7 demonstrations have proven successful and the t r i a l s are being repeated i n the 1971-72 feeding period. The major purpose of these tests i s to demonstrate the v i a b i l i t y of early harvest of barley r e s u l t i n g i n reduced f r o s t or snow r i s k and the marketing of the crop through beef production. In order that farmers may improve t h e i r competence i n the feeding of c a t t l e and sheep and subsequently f i n d the financing necessary to engage i n such operations, feeder associations have been organized i n both the North Peace and South Peace. The feeder associations contract with t h e i r members to purchase c a t t l e owned by the association but fed and managed by the member under supervision. Upon sale of the c a t t l e , the a s s o c i a t i o n deducts i t s investment and fees and forwards the balance to the member. Although j u s t organized i n 1970, these associations have already proven successful and are expanding to meet 4 the increase i n i n t e r e s t . Based on research works conducted at the Fairview A g r i c u l t u r a l and Vocational School i n Fairview, A l b e r t a and on the perceived demand for lambs i n the Vancouver market, the Peace River Lamb Ass o c i a t i o n has recently been formed. This a s s o c i a t i o n i s composed of o f f i c i a l s of the B.C. and A l b e r t a Departments of A g r i c u l t u r e , the B.C. and A l b e r t a Vocational Schools, the Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e and l o c a l producers. I t s aim i s to investigate the f e a s i b i l i t y of providing a supply of lamb carcasses to Vancouver on a f i f t y week per year basis. While t h i s a s s o c i a t i o n i s s t i l l i n the i n v e s t i g a t i v e stage, and although no formal report has yet been made on i t s progress, i t s early r e s u l t s See Appendix B. 8 appear encouraging to the observer. In February 1971, a series of short courses aimed at the upgrad-ing of farmers' s k i l l s was i n s t i t u t e d . These courses were held at the B.C. Vocational School at Dawson Creek and s t a f f e d by various u n i v e r s i t y and government personnel under the coordination of the l o c a l D i s t r i c t A g r i c u l t u r i s t s and Vocational School s t a f f . Funding was provided by Canada Manpower. Two courses, one f o r l i v e s t o c k and one for crops, were held covering a range of topics such as production techniques, farm management and marketing of products. Interest i n these courses was high and plans are presently underway to repeat them on an annual basis. Other events have also occurred which are of s i g n i f i c a n c e to the farmer i n the Peace River. U n t i l the summer of 1971, the B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e located an Information O f f i c e r i n Dawson Creek. However, because of departmental readjustment and d i f f i c u l t i e s with the radio s t a t i o n t h i s service was terminated. His major respon-s i b i l i t i e s included production of d a i l y radio reports broadcast at noon and a half hour t e l e v i s i o n show broadcast i n prime time on a week day. The ARDA survey which reported that 54.9 per cent of their respondants often heard the radio program and 32.7 per cent sometimes l i s t e n e d provides i n d i c a t i o n of the s i g n i f i c a n c e of t h i s p o s i t i o n i n a g r i c u l t u r a l extension work."* Consequently, the removal of t h i s radio and t e l e v i s i o n communication service w i l l have a negative e f f e c t on the farm community, p a r t i c u l a r l y i n l i g h t of the f a c t that 73.3 per cent of the farmers 6 report no personal contact with t h e i r l o c a l d i s t r i c t a g r i c u l t u r i s t . -'Verner, e t . a l . op.cit p.61. 6 I b i d . , p.60. 9 Discussion The results of the ARDA survey clearly demonstrate the c r i t i c a l nature of the problem of low farm income in the Peace River d i s t r i c t . Recent developments in the area however, also demonstrate the willingness of government and many farmers to deal with the problem and search out possible solutions. The conclusions of the ARDA survey recommend improved sources of information and improved methods of disseminating information as possible solutions to the low income problem.^ However, i t does not deal with the question of whether the high dependence on f i e l d crops provides the most economic use of the scarce resources of land and capital. The purpose of this study is to search out an answer to the question: "What is the most economic use of the scarce resources currently held by the median Peace River farmer?" The tool to be used to answer that question is linear programming as described in Chapter II. 7Ibid. , p.93. CHAPTER II LINEAR PROGRAMMING Linear Programming i s an empirical t o o l developed i n response to l o g i s t i c a l needs perceived during the second world war.' In 1947, the "simplex computational method" was developed by George Dantzig and others and the technique spread widely as an increasing range of problems were found to be solved through the l i n e a r programming technique.''" Like other economic models, l i n e a r programming involves d i s t i l l i n g r e a l i t y to a series of mathematical equations which represent r e a l i t y and, when solved, w i l l provide solutions to r e a l problems. A l i n e a r program has three quantitative components: an objective, alternate methods by which the objective can be achieved, and r e s t r i c t i o n s 2 on the alternate methods. Mathematically, i t i s "the analysis of problems which a l i n e a r function of a number of variables (the alternate methods) i s to be maximized or minimized (the objective) when those variables are subject to a number of r e s t r a i n t s (the r e s t r i c t i o n s ) i n 3 the form of l i n e a r i n e q u a l i t i e s . See also: Dantzig, G.B., Linear Programming and Extension, (Princeton:. Princeton University Press, 1963), pp. 12-31. ^Heady, E.O. and Chandler, W., Linear Programming Methods, .(Ames: The Iowa State U n i v e r s i t y Press, 1958), p.2. 3 Dorfman, Samuelson, Solow, Linear Programming and Economic  An a l y s i s , (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1958), p. 8. 10 4 A l g e b r a i c a l l y , the problem can be represented as: Max. Z = I e x . (1) j = l J 3 subject to n • Z a..x. < b. ( i = 1, ..., m) (2) J = l and x. > o (j = 1, ..., n) (3) J where x = set of possible products c = u n i t net revenue for each product a = input-output c o e f f i c i e n t b = the f i x e d supply of inputs. If we consider a problem where m = 3 and n = 3 the format would appear as follows: Maximize Z = c ^ x ^ + C2K2 + °3 X3 Subject to: + a l 2 x 2 + a13 x3 " b i ( 5) a 2 1 x l + a 2 2 x 2 + a 2 3 x 3 ^ b 2 a 3 1 x l + a32 x2 + a33 X3 ~ b3 and x l t x 2, x 3 > 0 (6) Assumptions of Linear Programming Four assumptions are i n t e g r a l i n the l i n e a r programming model. These are p r o p o r t i o n a l i t y , d i v i s i b i l i t y , f i n i t e n e s s , and single-value Spivey, W.A., Linear Programming, An Introduction, (New York: The McMillan Company, 1963), p. 95. 12 expectations. a) P r o p o r t i o n a l i t y - "In a l i n e a r programming model, the quantities of flow of various items into and out of the a c t i v i t y are always proportional to the a c t i v i t y level."-' In economic terms, t h i s i s re f e r r e d to as "constant returns to scale". I f the inputs i n an a c t i v i t y l e v e l are doubled, the r e s u l t i n g output i s also double. This assumption causes d i f f i c u l t i e s when phenomena such as r o t a t i o n a l e f f e c t s of crops are observed. In such cases, i t i s better to aggregate the a c t i v i t i e s and allow the single a c t i v i t y to be included i n the model. b) D i v i s i b i l i t y - I t i s assumed i n the model that the factors used and the products produced can occur i n f r a c t i o n a l u n i t s . While i t i s possible to provide a f r a c t i o n of an acre of land or a f r a c t i o n of a ton of f e r t i l i z e r , i t i s somewhat d i f f i c u l t to produce a f r a c t i o n of a head of c a t t l e . "Rounding o f f " , however, can e a s i l y sidestep t h i s d i f f i c u l t y . c) F i n i t e n e s s - I t i s assumed that there i s a l i m i t to the alternate a c t i v i t i e s and to the r e s t r i c t i v e resources which need be applied. Otherwise, the program could never be properly programmed. d) Single-Value Expectations - Perfect knowledge i s assumed i n the a l l o c a t i o n of the resource r e s t r i c t i o n s , the input-output c o e f f i c i e n t s , and p r i c e s . While t h i s assumption can never be t r u l y r e a l i z e d , as Dantzig, op . c i t . p. 32 i Heady and Chandler, op.cit. p. 18. Dantzig so aptly states: I t i s important to r e a l i z e i n trying to construct models of r e a l l i f e s i t u a t i o n s , that l i f e seldom, i f ever, presents a c l e a r l y defined l i n e a r programming problem, and that s i m p l i f i c a t i o n and neglect of ce r t a i n c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of r e a l i t y are as necessary i n the a p p l i c a t i o n of l i n e a r programming as they are i n the use of any s c i e n t i f i c tool i n problem solving. Simplex Procedures As mentioned e a r l i e r , i t was the development of the simplex procedure by George Dantzig i n 1947 which brought Linear Programming into common usage. B a s i c a l l y , the simplex procedure involves the introduction of a "slack v a r i a b l e " representing an unused quantity of each resource r e s t r i c t i o n . Consequently, the i n e q u a l i t i e s i n the input-output matrix become e q u a l i t i e s . A simplex format of the i n e q u a l i t i e s i n matrix (5) would appear as: a i l X l + 312 X2 + a13 x3 + XA = b l <7> 3 2 1 X 1 + a22 X2 + a23 X3 + *5 = b2 a 3 1 X l + a32 x2 + a 3 3 X 3 + X6 = b3 where x equals the unused portion of b , x the unused portion of b„ 4 1 5 Z and x the unused portion of b 0. 6 3 Dantzig, o p . c i t . p. 7. 14 This equation set then becomes the basic f e a s i b l e s o l u t i o n as i t s a t i s f i e s the non-negativity c r i t e r i a . To i l l u s t r a t e the movement of tne simplex procedure from tne basic f e a s i b l e s o l u t i o n to tne optimum f e a s i b l e s o l u t i o n , i t i s best to borrow an example from Boulding and Spivey.^ Suppose the problem i s to maximize Z = 2x-^  + 5x 2 subiect to x < 4 1 x 2 < 6 X-. + x„ < 8 1 2 and xj_ > 0 , x s 0 Introducing slack v a r i a b l e s , the equation system becomes: x, + 0x„ + x n + Ox. + Ox = 4 1 2 3 4 5 0 x l + x2 + ®K3 + x4 + Ox^ = 6 x, + x„ + 0x n + Ox, 4- x c = 8 J. z 3 4 J which can be written i n vector form. 1 0 1 0 0 4 0 x + 1 x + 0 x., + 1 x + 0 x = 6 1 1 1 2 0 3 0 4 1 5 8 P, P P P P P 1 2 3 4 5 C The l i n e a r programming problem i s then to maximize Z = 2x^ + 5x 2 + Ox^ + Ox^ + Ox^ subject to V l + P 2 X 2 + P 3 X 3 + V 4 + P 5 X 5 = P0 and x > 0 ( i = 1, .. ., 5). ^Boulding, K.E. and Spivey, W.A., Linear Programming and The  Theory of the Firm, (New York: The McMillan Company, 1960), pp. 90-93. 15 The Simplex Tableau is represented in table ( I I - l ) . The order of the vectors has changed so that the appears in the f i r s t column, the basis vectors (P^, P^, P ) are in the next three columns, followed by the structural vectors (P^ > P 2)-Within the tableau the coefficients are noted as "a ". Z is i j 0 the profit per enterprise. Z^  (j = 1, ..., n) is the opportunity cost to the program incurred by entering one unit of P "c " is the net price of each P^ . The test for the optimal solution i s as follows: (i) i f a l l Z - C j s 0, an optimal solution has been J reached. ( i i ) i f Z - c. < 0 then j J (a) the solution is infinite i f a l l the a.. in that column are non-positive, or (b) i f some a in that column is non-negative, further iterations are necessary. If a new iteration is required some structural vector w i l l replace a base vector. This "replacing" vector is noted as "k" in the iteration and the replaced vector is noted as " r " . The k vector is that one with the largest negative Z. - c value. The replaced vector P is J J r determined from the rule a. 6 = min. i _ , a 0> (i = 1,2,3) which means to divide the components of the P^ vector by the corresponding components of the replacing vector. By following this procedure, the replaced vector is the one which places the largest restriction onto the introduction of the replacing vector. TABLE II-1 Simplex Tableau c. J 0 0 0 0 2 5 Vector p o P3 P4 P5 P l P2 0 P3 4 1 0 0 1 0 0 P4 6 0 1 0 0 1 0 P 5 8 0 0 1 1 1 Z. J 0 0 0 0 0 0 z r c j 0 0 0 0 -2 -5 0 P3 4 1 0 0 1 0 5 P2 6 0 1 0 0 1 0 P 5 2 0 -1 1 1 0 Z. J 30 0 5 0 0 5 Z -c j J 30 0 5 0 -2 0 0 P3 2 1 1 -1 0 0 5 P2 6 0 1 0 0 1 2 P l 2 0 -1 1 1 0 Z . J 34 0 3 2 2 5 Z r c . 34 0 3 2 0 0 In the example under consideration, the 0 values are; a 30  a32 = not defined ^0 = _6_ = 6  a42 1 a50 = 8 = 8 a52 1 Therefore, i s chosen as the replaced vector as i t w i l l only allow 6 units of P to be introduced. P_ would have allowed for 2 5 8 units of P . 2 Thus i t i s possible to move to the second i t e r a t i o n of the simplex tableau. F i r s t , the vectors are renamed to allow for the i n t r o -duction of P^. The elements of the P row are determined by the formula The elements of.the remaining rows are determined by the formula a a f . = a - - — a., = a. . - (a ) (a.. ) . L J L J a r k l k i j kj i k ' The r e s u l t s of these c a l c u l a t i o n s are seen i n i t e r a t i o n two of the tableau. Again, a f t e r the second stage has been completed, the optimality c r i t e r i a are applied. In t h i s case P^ i s chosen as the replacing vector (P ) and P as the replaced vector (P ). v k 5 r Once the t h i r d section i s completed using the above formulae, the c r i t e r i a are again applied. In t h i s case no Z. - c, values are negative and optimality i s achieved. The Z. values are achieved by summing the products of the c. J value i n each row and the corresponding c o e f f i c i e n t i n the column. Thus, at the point of optimality the Z. - c value i s - J J (2) (0) + (6) (5) + (2) (2) = 34 Post-Optimal Analysis Once the optimal s o l u t i o n i s reached, information other than the optimal values of the variables can be read or derived. The p o s i t i v e Z. - c. values i n the optimal tableau indicated J J the reduction i n the value of the objective function by the introduction of one unit of P.. However, they can also be seen as the amount the objective function would increase through an extra unit of P being made j a v a i l a b l e . Following optimality, ranging i s possible. Ranging provides a range f o r each a c t i v i t y l e v e l of the objective function and each r i g h t hand side ( l e v e l of resource). From the range, i t i s possible to under-stand the s e n s i t i v i t y of the program; whether a s l i g h t change i n an element w i l l cause the components of the optimal program to change. The Dual For every primal l i n e a r programming problem, there i s a corresponding "dual" problem. The r e l a t i o n s h i p between the primal and Q the dual may be characterized as follows: 1. The dual has one variable for each constraint i n the primal. ^Dorfman, e t . a l . o p . c i t . pp. 40-41. The dual has as many constraints as there are variables in the primal. The dual of a maximizing problem is a minimizing problem and vice versa. The coefficients of the objective function of the primal are the constraints of the dual. The primal constraints are the coefficients of the objective function of the dual. The coefficients of a variable in the primal are the coefficients of a constraint in the dual. The sense of the inequalities in the dual is the reverse of the sense of the inequalities in the primal except the non-negativity inequalities which are the same in the dual and primal problems. Thus, the primal problem was represented as: n Max. Z = E c.x j = l J j n subject to: £ a..x ^ b (i = 1, ..., m) j=l L J J 1 and X j ^ 0 ( j - 1, . . . , n) The dual problem is represented as: m Minimize Z = £ b-U. i - 1 J m Subject to: E a U > c (i = 1, n) i - 1 J i and U > 0 (j = 1, ..., m) j The dual of example 1 would be set up as follows: Minimize Z = 4U + 6U„ + 8U„ Subject to: lU^ +U3 > 2 + U +1U * 5 2 3 U > 0, U > 0, U > 0 1 2 3 and solved accordingly. The v a r i a b l e "U." i s the marginal revenue product of the " j t h " resource. The Economic Interpretation of a Resource A l l o c a t i o n Problem The c o e f f i c i e n t s which define a resource constraint also define an iso-resource l i n e . I f a resource i n e q u a l i t y for land i s : i x + 2x 0 < 480 1 2 S where x^ i s one acre of barley and x^ i s the one head of beef, then the iso-resource l i n e i s defined as: x 1 = 480 - 2x 1 , 2 the marginal rate of s u b s t i t u t i o n (or slope of the l i n e ) of beef for barley i s 2. S i m i l a r l y , i f the resource i n e q u a l i t y for c a p i t a l i s : lOx + 6.67x < 3000 1 2 the iso-resource l i n e i s defined as: lOx = 3000 - 6.67x„ 1 2 x = 300 - .667x0 1 2 with a marginal rate of s u b s t i t u t i o n of beef for barley of .667. These iso-resource l i n e s , representing the f u l l use of the resource constraint, are represented i n Figure II-1. Since these l i n e s represent the outer l i m i t s of production, i t i s obvious from the figure that barley cannot exceed 300 acres because of the constraint of c a p i t a l . S i m i l a r l y , beef production cannot exceed 240 head because of the land constraint. The area which allows for f e a s i b l e solutions i s shaded on the graph. Three "corner points" are depicted as possible optimum solutions, Optimality i s achieved when: t&l Px 2 A* 2 Fx 1 where Px^ = Net Return of Barley px 2 = Net Return of Beef. Ax ^ ^ P x £ X 2 PI If the condition i s such that — i - <- 2 then we should 1 substitute x 2 f o r x^ u n t i l optimality i s achieved. In Figure II-1, the point B i s located where barley and beef are equivalent i n both functions. Thus, i t may be defined as: 480 - 2x„ = 300 - .667x 2 2 - 1.33x = -180 x 2 = 135 x ! = 2 1 0 • The marginal rate of s u b s t i t u t i o n i s such that: ,667 s: MRS < 2. 22 BEEF ( Head) x 2 FIGURE I I - l : The Relationship between Inputs and Outputs in a Linear Programming Situation 23 Thus, i f the return f o r barley i s $25 per acre and beef i s $30 per head the pri c e r a t i o i s : Px 2 = 30 = 1.20 P x l 2 5 Optimality i s thus achieved at point B. At that point, neither land nor labour i s i n excess. At that point, the value of the objective function i s : Z = x^Px ) + x 2 (Px 2) = 210(25) + 135 (30) 1 = 5250 + 4050 = 9300 ' Further, i f we increase the amount of ei t h e r land or c a p i t a l a v a i l a b l e , i t i s possible to obtain the marginal value product for each resource. Marginal value product i s defined as the marginal phy s i c a l product of a resource times the marginal revenue of the product. M.V.P. = MRyX MPP^ = p y Ax If an a d d i t i o n a l unit of c a p i t a l i s supplied to the program, the optimal point w i l l move to point E on Figure II-1. Values for x, and x are: 1 2 480 - 2x 301 - .667x„ 2 2 x 2 = 134.25 x x = 211.5 The increase i n revenue i s : ^ c = to  = ^1  + M Z (Px 2) Ac Ac = 1.5(25) - .75(30) = 20 S i m i l a r l y , i f land were increased by one u n i t , the optimum program would s h i f t to D. The values for x-^  and x 2 would be: 481 - 2x 2 = 300 - .667x2 x 2 = 135.75 x = 209.5 and the change i n revenue M ^ l = If = __L 0* ) + AX2 (Px.) AL AL = -.5(25) + .75(30) = 10 Consequently, the problem i s solved, optimum revenue i s achieved, and the marginal value products are known. The r e l a t i o n s h i p of the above to the simplex tableau i s that the optimum l e v e l s of production are l i s t e d under the P^ column, the optimum revenue are opposite the Z -c. row i n the P column, and the j J ' 0 marginal value products, or "shadow p r i c e s " of scarce resources, are l i s t e d under t h e i r respective P column i n the Z -c. row. j J J The UBC LIP Programming Package In 1970 the Computing Center at the Un i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia developed a packaged l i n e a r program known as UBC LIP. 25 The input to LIP i s distinguished by the automatic entry of a l l "slack v a r i a b l e s " by the program. Its maximum allowable matrix i s 300 x 300. On c a l c u l a t i o n of the data, LIP provides the following output : an i t e r a t i o n log recording the process of entries and e x i t s as the program proceeds; the optimal value of the objective function; the primal s o l u t i o n vector; the reduced costs (shadow costs) of a c t i v i t i e s not i n the primal s o l u t i o n vector; the dual s o l u t i o n vector; the objective function c o e f f i c i e n t ranging; and the r i g h t hand side ranging. Because of i t s s i m p l i c i t y i n entry and f u l l n e s s of output, t h i s program was chosen as the computer to o l i n the study. CHAPTER III THE DATA In the discussion of the data used to form the matrices for the linear programs, the following outline is to be used: a) selection of target areas, b) selection of production a c t i v i t i e s , c) selection of the resource constraints, d) the derivation of the budgets of each resource for each activity and e) the derivation of the objective function. a) Selection of Target Areas An early investigation by the author on the economics of agricultural production in the Peace River d i s t r i c t resulted in two observations. The f i r s t was that there were disparities in the area. Land prices were found to vary, land productivity varied, and variance was found in production techniques. The second observation came in the lack of any empirical data available on the costs and returns of production. Consequently, the author chose to f a l l back on what l i t t l e empirical data was available. The prime source of this data was a survey conducted in the summer, 1971, on A l f a l f a production costs by the Farm Economics Branch, Br i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture. This study was divided into nine areas of the region and covered a sufficient number of areas to account for the disparities which exist within the region. 26 Therefore, i t was decided to do nine l i n e a r programs within the region. Each program was to account for the resource and production differences i n each of the areas and provide information as to differences i n production programs r e s u l t i n g from the regional v a r i a t i o n . The areas selected are described i n Table I I I - l along with factors which create v a r i a t i o n such as: geographic l o c a t i o n , s o i l type, land cost, taxes and p r o d u c t i v i t y c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . This table i s followed by Table III-2 which provides a further d e s c r i p t i o n as to c r i t e r i a f o r the a l l o c a t i o n of land to a p r o d u c t i v i t y c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A map of the Peace River d i s t r i c t can be found i n Appendix A. b) S e l e c t i o n of Production A c t i v i t i e s In consultation with o f f i c i a l s of the B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e resident i n the Peace River area, the follow-1 2 ing production a c t i v i t i e s were selected f o r i n c l u s i o n i n this study: ' ( i ) 4 crop rotations ( i i ) cow-calf ( i i i ) cow-yearling (iv) 4 feeder beef (v) pasture f i n i s h e d beef (vi) confinement rearing of sheep ( v i i ) conventional rearing of sheep ( v i i i ) farrow to f i n i s h hogs (ix) f i n i s h i n g hogs A l l a c t i v i t i e s except the crop rotations and the pasture Statements by Jack Dobb, personal interview, September 21, 1971. 9 Statements by Werner Hooge, personal interview, September 22, 1971. TABLE I I I - l Study Areas i n the Peace River Area Location S o i l Type Average Improved Land Costs Land Taxes Productivity C l a s s i f i c a t i o n (1) (2) (3) $/acre (4) $/acre/year (5) (6) R o l l a -Boundary 15 of miles north Dawson Creek Landry: black s o l i d 100. 1.75 B Doe River 25 miles north Arras: dark-grey-wooded solod s i l t loam and s i l t y clay loam. 80 1.50 C Progress 20 of miles west Dawson Creek Devereau: dark grey-wooded s i l t loam and s i l t y clay loam. 80 - 1.70 D Groundbirch 30 of miles west Dawson Creek Beryl-Bisequa; grey-wooded fine sandy loam and s i l t loam. 100 1.25 D Sunset P r a i r i e 30 miles north-west of Dawson Creek. Sloane: or t h i c grey-wooded fine sandy loam and s i l t loam. 80 1.25 D Baldonnel Two-Rims 15 miles south-east of Fort St. John. Kathben: ort h i c greywooded s i l t loam and s i l t y clay loam. 75 1.25 C C e c i l Lake 15 miles north-west of Fort St. John. Donnelly: greywooded solod loam and clay loam. 70 1.00 C 1 TABLE I I I - l (Continued) Area Location S o i l Type Average Improved Land Costs Land Taxes Productivity C l a s s i f i c a t i o n (1) Montenay (2) 30 miles north of Fort St. John (3) Murdale: dark grey s o l i d loam and clay loam. $/acre (4) 90 $/acre/year (5) 2.00 (6) B Halfway River 40 miles west of Fort St. John Lynx - B r u n i s o l i c : greywooded fine sandy loam and clay loam. 100 1.75 Sources: Column 3: L. Farstad, T.M. Lord, A.S. Green and H.S. Hortie, S o i l Survey of the Peace River  Area i n B r i t i s h Columbia, Report No. 8 B r i t i s h Columbia S o i l Survey (Ottawa; Queen's P r i n t e r 1965) Columns 4 and 5: "Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay", ( V i c t o r i a : B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , 1971) mimeographed. Column 6: "B.C. Peace River - S o i l Zones, Grain Crop Insurance", ( V i c t o r i a ; B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture) undated mimeograph. See also Table III-2. 30 TABLE III-2 B.C. Peace River - Soil Zones Classification Description B Degraded black and best types of grey wooded soils. Classes I and II agricultural land. C Average grey wooded. Class III agricultural land. 1 C Average grey-wooded. Class III agricultural land with some climatic limitations. D Grey wooded soils. Class III agricultural land with limitations concerning s o i l structure, f e r t i l i t y - moisture or salinity. E Class IV agricultural lands. Source: "B.C. Peace River Soil Zones, Grain Crop Insurance" Victoria; B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture undated mimeograph. 31 finishing of beef were deemed to be constant throughout the region since they are basically unaffected by climatic or productivity variation. This variation, however, did result in selecting the four rotations on the basis of what production programs are generally recommended for each area. The breakdown of the rotations can be found in Table III-3. The l i s t of productive activities was expended by the inclusion of nine "buy" activities which would allow for the purchase of resources. These "buy" activities are: (i) Buy Barley ( i i ) Buy Rapeseed ( i i i ) Buy Oats (iv) Buy Hay (v) Buy Wheat (vi) Buy January - March Labour (vii) Buy April - June Labour ( v i i i ) Buy July - September Labour (ix) Buy October - December Labour c) Selection of Resource Constraints The three main factors of production, .capital, land and labour were selected as the principal resource constraints. Added to them were five crops brought in at zero levels to tie together the possible crop production in the rotation activities and the possible crop use in the livestock enterprises. The selection of the "right hand sides" or the maximum level of the resources was made using the following guidelines: the level of capital available in each linear program was the i n i t i a l capital less TABLE III-3 Crop Rotations for the Peace River Year of Area Rotation Rotation 1 Rotation 2 Rotation 3 Rotation 4 Groundbirch 1 Barley and e s t a b l i s h Barley and e s t a b l i s h Barley and e s t a b l i s h Barley and establ: Sunset Brome A l f a l f a Brome A l f a l f a Brome A l f a l f a Brome A l f a l f a P r a i r i e 2 Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Progress 3 Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Halfway 4 Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay Brome-Alfalfa Hay River and fallow and fallow and fallow and Fallow 5 Barley Barley Barley Barley 6 Wheat Oats Barley Rapeseed Baldonnel-Two Rivers 1 Barley underseeded Barley underseeded Barley underseeded E s t a b l i s h Brome C e c i l Lake to A l s i k e to A l s i k e to A l s i k e A l f a l f a 2 Alsi k e Seed Alsike Seed A l s i k e Seed Brome-Alfalfa Hay 3 Alsik e Seed and Alsi k e Seed A l s i k e Seed Brome-Alfalfa Hay fallow and fallow and fallow 4 Oats Rapeseed Oats Brome-Alfalfa Hay 5 Barley Oats Oats Brome-Alfalfa Hay 6 Barley Barley Barley Doe River 1 Fescue Seed Fescue Seed Fescue Seed E s t a b l i s h Brome-A l f a l f a 2 Fescue Seed Fescue Seed Fescue Seed Brome-Alfalfa Hay 3 Fescue Seed Fescue Seed Fescue Seed Brome-Alfalfa Hay and fallow and fallow and fallow 4 Rapeseed Barley Rapeseed Brome-Alfalfa Hay 5 Barley Barley Barley Brome-Alfalfa Hay 6 Barley Oats Rapeseed TABLE III-3 (Continued) Year of Area Rotation Rotation 1 Rotation 2 Rotation 3 Rotation 4 R o l l a -Boundary 1 Wheat Rapeseed Rapeseed E s t a b l i s h Brome-A l f a l f a Montenay 2 Wheat Wheat Wheat Brome-Alfalfa Hay 3 Wheat Wheat Wheat Brome-Alfalfa Hay 4 Wheat Wheat Barley Brome-Alfalfa Hay 5 Barley Barley Barley Br.ome-Alf a l f a Hay 6 Fallow Fallow Fallow — — Source: Based on personal correspondence between A.A.F. Hennig, S o i l Management, Canada Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e Research Station, Beaverlodge, Alberta and the writer. See Appendix C CO 34 the cost of the land. Labour for each labour period was set as an equal portion of the National Research Council Standard. Verner's study indicated that the median gross c a p i t a l available 3 was from $50,000 to $69,000 and the median number of improved acres was from 320 to 639 a c r e s 4 for those farmers who earned more than 50% of t h e i r t o t a l income from farming. The s t a t i s t i c s f o r t h i s group were selected to eliminate those i n part-time farming and those who were s t i l l i n the developmental stage of farming. The study also revealed a median holding of from 160 to 319 acres i n uncleared bush or timber. For the purposes of this study, i t was decided to ignore the uncleared land as i t s dense nature would not allow any d i r e c t benefit to accrue from i t . The writ e r a r b i t r a r i l y selected the figures of $70,000 as the gross c a p i t a l a vailable and 480 acres as the improved land a v a i l a b l e . Labour was divided into four sections: January to March, A p r i l to June, July to September, and October to December, a l l groups i n c l u s i v e . These d i v i s i o n s were selected as they corresponded to the normal d i v i s i o n s i n crop and l i v e s t o c k production. The National Research Council standard of 312 - 10 hour days was taken as the maximum amount of labour a v a i l a b l e and divided into four 780 hour periods. Crops selected to enter the program were barley, rapeseed, oats, hay and wheat. Each crop was l i s t e d at zero l e v e l s assuming no holdovers of crop supplies. The resource constraints and the " r i g h t hand sides" f or the program can be found i n Table III-4. Verner, op. c i t . pg. 57, Table 42. I b i d , pg. 82 - Table 58. TABLE III-4 Resource Constraints and Right Hand Sides Resource Constraints Right Hand Sides Rolla-Boundary Doe River Progress Groundbirch Sunset Baldonnel- C e c i l Halfway P r a i r i e Two Rivers Lake Montenay River (1) (2) (3) (4) Ca p i t a l ($00) 220 316 316 Land (Acres) 480 480 480 Labour I a (Hrs.) "' 780 780 780 Labour I I 3 (Hrs.) 780 780 780 Labour I I I 3 (Hrs.) 780 780 780 a Labour IV (Hrs.) 780 780 780 Barley (Tons) 0 0 0 Oats (Tons) 0 0 0 Rapeseed (Tons) 0 0 0 (5) 220 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 (6) 316 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 (7) 350 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 (8) 364 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 (9) 268 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 (10) 220 480 780 780 780 780 0 0 TABLE II1-4 (Continued) Right Hand Sides Resource Constraints Rolla-Boundary Doe River Progress Groundbirch Sunset P r a i r i e Baldonnel-Two Rivers C e c i l Lake Montenay Halfway River (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) Hay (Tons) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Wheat (Tons) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 •0 Labour I Labour II Labour III Labour IV January to March A p r i l to June July to September October to December d) Resource Budgeting Determining the resource budget i n Linear Programming terms i s to define the c o e f f i c i e n t s of the Linear Programming matrix. The c o e f f i c i e n t s f o r the matrices involved i n the present problem were most d i f f i c u l t to obtain because of lack of consistency i n the data available and the lack of s u f f i c i e n t resources to determine them with any more accuracy than presently e x i s t s . Consequently, i n the l i t e r a t u r e search to determine the c o e f f i c i e n t s the following approach was.taken: that data which was deemed "the best data a v a i l a b l e " , i n the opinion of the writer and those from whom he sought advice, was selected as the data used i n the matrices. Hopefully, then, the data i s an accurate r e f l e c t i o n of r e a l i t y . ( i ) Crop Rotations Because cropping practices and y i e l d s varied from d i s t r i c t to d i s t r i c t , i t was necessary to define i n d i v i d u a l c o e f f i c i e n t s f o r each crop r o t a t i o n f or each d i s t r i c t . M a t e r i a l for these c o e f f i c i e n t s was obtained from two budget 5 6 studies undertaken by the B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . ' A 1971 study on a l f a l f a production provided information on the labour, c a p i t a l and material inputs and costs f o r s o i l t i l l a g e , seeding and other c u l t u r a l p r a c t i c e s . I t was assumed that a farmer would use the same basic methods for grain or forage seed crops as he would for the B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Bar lev, ("Victoria, 1969). p a r t i c u l a r forage crops under study. A 1969 study on grain production was used to provide information on the harvesting labour, c a p i t a l and material inputs and costs. The l a t t e r study was not extended to cover the e n t i r e region as i t was f e l t that i t was lacking i n i t s d e f i n i t i o n s of the differences between d i s t r i c t s . Differences i n farming practices are much more l i k e l y to be found i n crop preparation rather than crop harvest as differences i n s o i l type have less e f f e c t on the l a t t e r than the former. In the case of rapeseed, material from The Grain Grower^ was used to determine the inputs and outputs. The material was assembled i n Tables 1 to 62 which can be found i n Appendix D. From these Tables, the labour c o e f f i c i e n t s were derived while the cost data was held over f o r use i n deriving the objective function. Crop Yields were determined for each area from material provided by the Crop Insurance Branch, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e f o r oats, barley and wheat. These y i e l d s are found i n Appendix E. ( i i ) Cow-Calf Data for the cow-calf enterprise budget was taken from The Grain g Grower . A 90 per cent c a l f crop with 16 per cent replacements was assumed. I t was also assumed that the cows and calves would be on summer range i n a community pasture at a cost of 60 cents per 'Forrest Hetland, "How I Grow Quality Rapeseed", The Grain  Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1970), p.143.125. 8 " E n t e r p r i s e Budgets for Three Cow-Calf Systems", The Grain  Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1969), p.420.818. animal unit month. Any grazing past the community pasture period was assumed to be on stubble and therefore free to the cow-calf a c t i v i t y . A s i x month winter feeding period was further assumed. ( i i i ) Cow-Yearling Data f o r this enterprise was taken from the same source as the Cow-Calf enterprise. A d d i t i o n a l costs, feed and labour inputs were added to the cow-calf budget to provide the relevant c o e f f i c i e n t s . (iv) Beef Feeding I-IV I Data for these enterprises were taken from a report made on 9 feeder demonstrations i n Dawson Creek during the winter of 1970-71. Each feeding enterprise d i f f e r e d only with regard to the rations fed the steers. These rations consisted of: low q u a l i t y barley (41 pounds per bushel) and rapeseed; high moisture; barley (30 per cent) e n s i l e d ; dry barley (14.5 per cent moisture); and high moisture barley (20 per cent moisture) treated with v o l i t i l e f a t t y acids (VFA) of 70 per cent a c e t i c acid and 30 per cent propionic acid added at 1.2 per cent by weight. The steers on test at th i s demonstration had not been treated with d i e t h y l s t i l b e s t r o l (DES), a growth promoting hormone which i s a common practice i n beef feeding. Consequently, these budgets were adjusted to assume increased d a i l y rate of gain through use of D.E.S. An Alber t a B.C. Vocational School and B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report, 1970-71, Beef Feeding Demonstration, (Dawson Creek, 1971. ) study 1- 0 indicated that D.E.S. increased average d a i l y gain by 0.40 pounds. Thus, the average d a i l y gains reported from the demonstration t r i a l s of 2.41 pounds, 2.32 pounds, 2.20 pounds, and 2.28 pounds were raised to 2.81 pounds, 2.72 pounds, 2.60 pounds, and 2.68 pounds for Pens 1,2,3, and 4 r e s p e c t i v e l y . These revised gains were then m u l t i p l i e d by 119 days to determine the t o t a l gain for each pen of steers i f the steers had been implanted with D.E.S. The requirements for barley were expressed i n terms of low moisture barley. I t was assumed that there would be three "runs" of c a t t l e i n the feedlot during the year. I t was assumed that there would be no problem i n obtaining s u f f i c i e n t c a t t l e throughout the year. Each run would l a s t 119 days with extra days allocated to clean up and preparation for the new run. Data on equipment and buildings were derived from The  Grain Grower.^ The existence of Feeder Associations has reduced the amount of c a p i t a l which the farmer was required to a l l o c a t e to the purchase of steers. Since the Associations require 10 per cent of the cost of the livestock to be submitted as a deposit from the farmer, that amount was considered the c a p i t a l requirement for the holding of steers. (v) Pasture F i n i s h i n g of Beef Raising beef to f i n i s h e d weight on pasture i s a r e l a t i v e l y new •^Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Pasture Fattening of Beef  Cattle,[by A.W.N. ErichsenQ,(Edmonton, 1971), p. 6 •^"Equipment Costs for D i f f e r e n t Size Cattle Feedlots", The  Grain Grower, (Winnipeg : The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1965) p. 420.824. program i n a g r i c u l t u r e and as such, no budgets are available which r e f l e c t actual farm experience i n this enterprise. However, i t appears to be an upcoming program which merited i n c l u s i o n i n this project.. The main source of budget information was an Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e 12 p u b l i c a t i o n which summarized current research. A d d i t i o n a l information was supplied by Mr. Ken Dawley, Superintendent, Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Experimental Farm, Prince George. The A l b e r t a study indicated that the most p r o f i t a b l e pasture f i n i s h i n g program was one i n which the steers were fed grain with 10 per cent animal tallow added to r e s t r i c t the amount of grain intake. Consequently, t h i s r a t i o n was used i n the present study. Information from Prince George supplied the amount of pasture i n hay equivalents required by steers i n this program. This hay -equivalent requirement was compared to hay y i e l d s i n the nine target areas to determine the hay land requirement for each area. I t was further assumed that s i m i l a r to the crop rotations for hay, a pasture stand had a l i f e cycle of f i v e years from the time of planting. The c a p i t a l requirements apart from land were determined by use of the data c o l l e c t e d for hay i n the crop rotations and r e s t r i c t e d to that machinery required to e s t a b l i s h the forage stand only. This input was converted from a per acre basis to a per head basis. I t was also assumed that financing arrangements s i m i l a r to those for feedlot f i n i s h i n g would also be available for pasture f i n i s h i n g . That i s , the c a p i t a l requirement for steers was 10 per cent of the cost of the steers. •^Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , o p . c i t . 42 (vi) Confinement Rearing of Sheep The rearing of lambs i n confinement i s a recent development i n the a g r i c u l t u r a l industry. Much of the research work for this program has been c a r r i e d out at the Fairview Vocational School at Fairview Alberta i n the Al b e r t a block of the Peace River and consequently i s relevant to t h i s study. Budget data for t h i s program was accumulated, from two Alberta 13 X ^\ Department of A g r i c u l t u r e p u b l i c a t i o n s . ' Since one of the p r i n c i p a l objectives of t h i s program i s to spread the marketing of lamb throughout the year, i t was assumed that the "three lamb crops i n two years" program would be followed i n this study. Lambing would occur i n January, May and September with one-half the f l o c k lambing during May and the other half lambing i n January and September. Lamb crops of 150 per cent, 170 per cent, and 100 per cent were assumed f o r the three respective periods. A f t e r lambing, the lambs would be fed a creep feed u n t i l weaned at 30 to 80 days. As soon as the lambs were weaned they would be placed on r a i s e d , s l o t t e d f l o o r e d pens and f i n i s h e d to market weight. ( v i i ) Conventional Rearing of Sheep Budget data f o r conventional rearing of sheep was also gathered from an A l b e r t a Department of Agriculture publication-. s-A l b e r t a Department of Agriculture , Sheep Production Budgets -1970 Cby V.M. Gleddie],(Edmonton, 1970). l^ALberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report on  Confinement Sheep Production,(Edmonton, 1970). I t was assumed that lambing would occur during A p r i l and May with a lambing percentage of 150 per cent. The lambs and ewes would be turned out i n t o community pastures on tame grasses at a rate of 4 ewes per acre. Any further pasturing was assumed to be on grain stubble and therefore at no cost to the enterprise. ( v i i i ) Farrow to F i n i s h Hog Production. Farrow to f i n i s h hog enterprises are common i n the Peace River but there i s no budget data available to date p a r t i c u l a r to t h i s region. Consequently, budget data for general hog production i n the p r a i r i e s was taken from The Grain Grower.^ I t was assumed that each sow would produce two l i t t e r s per year and each l i t t e r would produce 8 weanlings. The hogs would be sold at 200 pounds l i v e weight and a 3 per cent death loss was assumed. (ix) F i n i s h i n g Hog Production The input data for the f i n i s h i n g hog operation was taken from the same source as the farrow to f i n i s h operation. Again, i t was assumed that the hogs would be sold at 200 pounds l i v e weight and sustain a 1.5 per cent death l o s s . (e) The Objective Functions Once the a c t i v i t y budgets were derived for the p h y s i c a l and c a p i t a l inputs, deriving the objective function was a straightforward procedure. -^Costs to Use f o r a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1967) p.440.818. 44 Because of the large number of assumptions made i n deriving the a c t i v i t y budgets and because l i t t l e was known about the nature of the fi x e d costs facing farmers i n the Peace River, the de c i s i o n was made to maximize the objective function i n terms of the gross margin of each a c t i v i t y . Thus, only one assumption, that the gross margin was d i r e c t l y proportionate to net income, was required rather than a number of assump-tions dealing with the nature of f i x e d costs (depreciation rates, i n t e r e s t on long term l i a b i l i t i e s , taxes or rents). It was assumed that at any given year, a farmer would be faced with y i e l d s and prices which would vary from year to year. It was also assumed that some r e l a t i o n s h i p existed between pr i c e s and between y i e l d s and p r i c e s which was not known. Consequently, tables were derived f or each a c t i v i t y f o r each target area which produced a gross margin r e s u l t -ing from y i e l d s and prices f o r that year. The mean of these gross margins was then entered into the objective function. Yields and prices from the years 1951 to 1965 i n c l u s i v e were used i n t h i s study. Other costs, such as the cost of f e r t i l i z e r , v e t e r i n a r i a n services, r a t i o n supplements, labour, were assumed to be constant throughout this period. ( i ) Crop Yields and Prices Estimates for the barley, wheat and oats y i e l d s f o r each area for each year were derived from material available from the Crop Insurance Branch, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Information was available on the actual average y i e l d f o r the region for each year and on the expected y i e l d of each area i n the region for any given year. Thus, by assuming that the y i e l d s i n each area varied each year i n d i r e c t proportion to the average y i e l d for the region, estimates were derived 45 for the yearly y i e l d f o r each area i n the region. These estimates can be found i n Appendix E. In a s i m i l a r manner, yearly hay y i e l d s were derived. In this case, however, the yearly average y i e l d f o r the region was found through S t a t i s t i c s Canada information and expected Sample Costs data provided by the Farm Economics Branch, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . L i t t l e production data was available on rapeseed. Consequently, the expected y i e l d was assumed to vary d i r e c t l y with the expected y i e l d of barley. Annual v a r i a t i o n and expected prices were taken from S t a t i s t i c s Canada information. A l s i k e and Fescue seed production information was also scarce. However, by assuming an expected y i e l d of 300 pounds per acre for each crop i n the three areas i n which they were budgeted, and assuming that t h e i r y i e l d s varied d i r e c t l y with hay, annual y i e l d figures could be derived. Price s t a t i s t i c s were available from S t a t i s t i c s Canada i n the relevant years. ( i i ) Livestock Yi e l d s and Prices In the case of l i v e s t o c k , i t was assumed that the y i e l d (that i s , the average d a i l y gain) was constant and only the price varied from year to year. The p r i c e base f o r l i v e s t o c k i n the Peace River was considered to be the Edmonton market. Transportation costs to t h i s market were not considered to vary between d i s t r i c t s i n the region. The source for these pr i c e s was the Livestock Market Review, Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Livestock Branch. 46 ( i i i ) "Buy" Functions In order that the l i n e a r programs be f e a s i b l e , i t was necessary to impute a cost to the "buy" functions ( i . e . buy barley, buy rapeseed, buy oats, buy hay, buy wheat and buy labour). The cost of purchase of these inputs does not include the cost of the input i t s e l f . That cost i s considered i n the a c t i v i t y i n which the input i s used. The general formula f o r the a l l o c a t i o n of extra cost for the purchase of feed was to assume a 60 mile round t r i p to purchase the feed, a cost of 10 cents per mile, and an average of 5 tons c a r r i e d each t r i p . Thus, a figure of $1.20 was used i n the objective function for the purchase of a ton of feed. For the purchase of labour, i t was assumed that each labourer would t r a v e l 60 miles per day at a cost of 4 cents per mile to work a 10 hour day. Thus, the purchase of an hour of labour would cost the program 24 cents. i (iv) Summary While there are a number of d i f f e r e n t sources of data for the crops and l i v e s t o c k functions and there are some derivations of y i e l d estimates, i t i s s t i l l f e l t that t h i s data most accurately r e f l e c t s the r e a l i t y of the prices and y i e l d s faced by the Peace River farmer,. The c a l c u l a t i o n s required to a r r i v e at the objective functions of the gross margins for the target areas can be found i n Appendix F. Appendix G provides a copy of the matrices used i n the l i n e a r programs i n this study. CHAPTER IV THE RESULTS Once the data was formulated i n t o appropriate matrices for the l i n e a r program, i t was then run on the I.B.M. 360 computer at the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia Computer Centre. The r e s u l t s of these c a l c u l a t i o n s are presented i n Appendix G and are summarized i n Table IV-1. A more d e t a i l e d discussion of these i s appropriate. A c t i v i t i e s Included A l l l i n e a r programs c a l l e d f o r the i n c l u s i o n of Feeder Beef 2 (feedlot f i n i s h i n g using high moisture barley e n s i l e d ) , the purchase of barley and the purchase of hay. Five of the programs (Rolla-Boundary, Doe River, Progress, Sunset P r a i r i e , and Halfway River) also included the pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef. Those areas which did -not include pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef (Groundbirch, Baldonnel - Two Rivers, C e c i l Lake and Montenay) held land as a "slack" a c t i v i t y . I t e r a t i o n s The i n t e r a t i o n s by which the l i n e a r programs achieved optimality are summarized i n Table IV-2.^ The p r i n c i p a l observation from Table IV-2 •'•It should be noted that some "Buy" functions were entered into the optimum so l u t i o n at such a low l e v e l that they can safely be ignored. Further i t e r a t i o n s would substitute a slack resource variable f o r these buy functions but would have no e f f e c t on the objective function. 47 48 TABLE IV-1 Summary of Results Value of A c t i v i t y Resources Objective Area Recommended Level Used Value Function (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) R o l l a - Feeder Beef 2 457 Hd. Ca p i t a l $86.74 $20,804.69 Boundary Pasture Beef 407 Hd. Land 3.59 Buy Barley 798 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 182 Ton Hay 1.2.0 Doe Feeder Beef 2 700 Hd. Cap i t a l $86.74 $33,955.35 River Pasture Beef 407 Hd. Land 13.59 Buy Barley 1081 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 202 Ton Hay 1.20 Progress Feeder Beef 2 754 Hd. Cap i t a l $86.73 $27,995.15 Pasture Beef 325 Hd. Land 1.22 Buy Barley 1091 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 218 Ton Hay 1.2.0 Ground Feeder Beef 2 798 Hd. Ca p i t a l $86.74 $19,082.32 Bi r c h Buy Barley 930 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 230 Ton ' Hay 1.20 Sunse t Feeder Beef 2 772 Hd. Cap i t a l $86.74 $30,915.92 P r a i r i e Pasture Beef 325 Hd. Land 7.30 Buy Barley 1112 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 223 Ton Hay 1.20 Baldonnel- Feeder Beef 2 1269 Hd. Cap i t a l $86.74 $30,360.40 Two Rivers Buy Barley 1479 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 366 Ton Hay 1.20 C e c i l Feeder Beef 2 1320 Hd. C a p i t a l $86.74 $31,574.77 Lake Buy Barley 1539 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 381 Ton Hay 1.20 49 TABLE IV-1 (Continued) A c t i v i t y "Resources Value of ; —~- Objective Area Recommended Level Used Value Function (1) (2) (3) , (4) (5) (6) Montenay Feeder Beef 2 972 Hd. Ca p i t a l $86.74 $23,247.35 Buy Barley 1133 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 280 Ton Hay 1.20 Halfway Feeder Beef 2 406 Hd. Capi t a l $86.74 $27,237.36 River Pasture Beef 488 Hd. Land 16.99 Buy Barley 791 Ton Barley 1.20 Buy Hay 117 Ton Hay 1.20 i 50 TABLE IV-2 Ite r a t i o n s i n the Peace River Linear Programs Value of I t e r a t i o n Variable Variable Objective Area Number In Out Function (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) R o l l a -Boundary 1 Rotation 1 Slack Ca p i t a l 3441.18 2 Beef Feeding 1 Slack Rapeseed 3441.18 3 Buy Rapeseed Slack Hay 3441.18 4 Rotation 4 Slack Barley 9029.92 5 Buy Barley Rotation 1 15378.50 6 Buy Hay Rotation 4 18490.20 7 Pasture Beef Slack Land 20464.90 8 Beef Feeding 2 Beef Feeding 1 20804.69 Doe River 1 Rotation 1 Slack C a p i t a l 9549.58 2 Pasture Beef Slack Land 13855.10 3 Cow-Yearling Slack Hay 13855.10 4 Rotation 2 Slack Barley 14251.60 5 Hog-Farrow-Finish Slack Oats 14251.60 6 Buy Oats Slack Wheat 14251.60 7 Buy Wheat Rotation 4 14740.10 8 Slack Hay Cow-Yearling 14740.10 9 Buy Barley Rotation 1 22526.30 10 Beef Feeding 1 Slack Hay 22526.30 11 Rotation 4 Slack Rapeseed 22526.30 12 Buy Rapeseed Hog-Farrow- 28095.90 F i n i s h 13 Buy Hay Rotation 4 32745.90 14 Beef Feeding 2 Beef Feeding 1 33935.35 Progress 1 Cow-Yearling Slack Barley 0.0 2 Rotation 3 Slack Hay 0.0 3 Beef Feeder 1 Slack C a p i t a l 1832.76 4 Buy Barley Cow-Yearling 11667.20 5 Buy Hay Rotation 3 27409.10 6 Pasture Beef Slack Land 27995.10 51 TABLE IV-2 (Continued) Value of I t e r a t i o n Variable Variable Objective Area Number In Out Function (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Ground B i r c h 1 Cow-Yearling Slack Barley 0.0 2 Rotation 3 Slack Hay 0.0 3 Beef Feeding 2 Slack Ca p i t a l 1305.63 4 Buy Barley Cow-Yearling 7588.02 5 Buy Hay Rotation 3 19082.30 Sunset 1 Rotation 1 Slack C a p i t a l 2629. ,98 2 Pasture Beef Slack Barley 4874. ,33 3 Buy Barley Slack Land 9817. ,00 4 Cow-Yearling Slack Hay 12256. ,80 5 Beef Feeding 1 Slack Rapeseed 12256. ,80 6 Buy Rapeseed Cow-Yearling 19305. 00 7 Buy Hay 1 Slack Wheat 29603. ,50 8 Buy Wheat Rotation 1 29603. ,60 9 Beef Feeding 2 Beef Feeding 1 30915. ,92 Baldonnel-1 Rotation 1 Slack Ca p i t a l 9077. ,59 2 Beef Feeding 1 Slack Rapeseed 9077. ,59 3 Buy Rapeseed Slack Hay 9077. ,59 4 Rotation 4 Slack Barley 11673, ,60 5 Buy Hay Rotation 4 12352. ,60 6 Buy Barley Slack Oats 28203. ,90 7 Buy Oats Rotation 1 28203. .90 8 Beef Feeder 2 Beef Feeder 1 30360. ,40 1 Rotation 1 Slack C a p i t a l 8358. ,68 2 Beef Feeding 1 Slack Rapeseed 8358. 68 3 Buy Rapeseed Slack Hay 8358. ,68 4 Rotation 4 Slack Barley 10703. ,40 5 Buy Hay Rotation 4 11421. , 70 6 Buy Barley Rotation 1 29332, .10 7 Beef Feeding 2 Buy Rapeseed 31574. ,80 8 Slack Rapeseed Beef Feeder 1 31574, ,80 52 TABLE IV-2 (Continued) Value of It e r a t i o n Variable Variable Objective Area Number In Out Function (1) (2) (3) (A) (5) Montenay 1 Rotation 1 Slack Ca p i t a l 3073.58 2 Feeding Beef 1 Slack Rapeseed 3073.58 3 Buy Rapeseed Slack Hay 3073.58 4 Rotation 4 Slack Barley 3864.00 5 Buy Barley Rotation 1 14361.80 6 Buy Hay Rotation 4 21596.10 7 Feeding Beef 2 Buy Rapeseed 23247.40 8 Slack Rapeseed Feeding Beef 1 23247.40 Halfway 1 Rotation 1 Slack C a p i t a l 2389.07 River 2 Pasture Beef Slack Barley 3624.55 3 Buy Barley Slack Land 15678.30 4 Cow-Yearling Slack Hay 17443.30 5 Feeding Beef 1 Slack Rapeseed 17443.30 6 Buy Rapeseed Cow-Yearling 21874.30 7 Buy Hay Rotation 1 26547.40 8 Feeder Beef 2 Feeder Beef 1 27239.36 53 i s that no two programs achieved optimality i d e n t i c a l l y (although C e c i l Lake and Montenay merely reversed i t e r a t i o n s 5 and 6). This lack of uniformity leads one to conclude that the regional d i s p a r i t i e s observed i n the Peace River might be accounted for by the input for the li n e a r programs even though the r e s u l t s were s i m i l a r . The d i v e r s i t y of the i t e r a t i o n log also removes questions regarding bias of the a c t i v i t y budgets within the program. That i s , most groups of a c t i v i t i e s (excluding sheep) were considered by the program before r e j e c t i o n . Resources The spent resource common to a l l programs was c a p i t a l . In the fiv e programs which c a l l e d f o r pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef c a t t l e , a l l land was used. I t i s i n t e r e s t i n g to note that the " c u t - o f f " for the in c l u s i o n of pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef and therefore the use of the land resource was within the areas achieving a hay y i e l d of 2 tons per acre. Of that group, two areas, Progress and Sunset P r a i r i e included this a c t i v i t y while Groundbirch did not. Areas achieving less than a 2 ton per acre y i e l d held land slack while those above the 2 ton per acre y i e l d included pasture f i n i s h i n g of beef. No formal c o r r e l a t i o n , however, was made to underscore t h i s observation. Of i n t e r e s t too, i s the fact that a l l areas held labour as a slack resource. Neither the f u l l u t i l i z a t i o n of a labour period nor "the purchase of labour was included i n the i t e r a t i o n s used to derive the optimum so l u t i o n . The s e l e c t i o n of the most r e s t r i c t i n g resource can be made by comparing the marginal value products (M.V.P.) of the resources. These M.V.P. can be found i n columns 4 and 5 of Table IV-1. The M.V.P. for c a p i t a l i s constant at $86.74 per $100 (with allowance for rounding errors of one cent). The constant nature of the M.V.P. for c a p i t a l i s , of course, due to the previous assumption that the budgets for the beef feeder a c t i v i t i e s were constant throughout the region. S t i l l , t h i s value i s much higher than the M.V.P. f o r land which ranges from $1.22 to $16.99 per acre with a mean of $8.34 per acre f o r those areas which used the land resource. The M.V.P. for barley purchase and hay purchase i s $1.20 i n both cases. This value i s the extra cost a t t r i b u t e d to the purchase of these feeds compared to the use of home grown feeds. Objective Function As can be seen from column 6 of Table IV-1, the value of the objective function ranged from $19,082.32 to $33,935.55 with a mean of $27,239.28. I t i s impossible to predict what f i x e d expenses would have to be subtracted from the gross margins determined by the objective function to acquire an. estimate of net farm incomes. S t i l l , one could assume that this income would be a d e f i n i t e improvement over the t o t a l family farm income of $4,006. as reported i n Chapter I. S t a b i l i t y The use of the UBC-LIP l i n e a r program package has provided objective function c o e f f i c i e n t ranging and r i g h t hand side ranging. These rangings provide the range within which the c o e f f i c i e n t s or the 55 r i g h t hand side estimates can move without f o r c i n g a change i n the so l u t i o n of optimal a c t i v i t i e s . As such, ranging indicates the s t a b i l i t y 2 of the f i n a l s o l u t i o n . The objective function c o e f f i c i e n t s which f a l l within the close s t range are those f o r a c t i v i t i e s considered complementary to a c t i v i t i e s included i n the program. S p e c i f i c a l l y , these a c t i v i t i e s are beef feeding 1, 3 and 4. I t i s safe to assume that there would be l i t t l e l i k e l i h o o d of a change i n the c o e f f i c i e n t f o r beef feeding 2 without a si m i l a r change occurring f o r the c o e f f i c i e n t s of i t s complements. The c o e f f i c i e n t s f o r a l l other a c t i v i t i e s f a l l w e l l within t h e i r range, p a r t i c u l a r i l y the crop rota t i o n s . Most of the r i g h t hand sides also f a l l well within t h e i r ranges. The exception, here, i s Montenay where the supply of c a p i t a l i s at i t s upper l i m i t . S t i l l , i t i s safe to assume that the optimal solutions are stable. Such s t a b i l i t y allows f o r small errors i n the c o e f f i c i e n t estimates to e x i s t without concern as to whether they would have any e f f e c t on the f i n a l s o l u t i o n . This point i s important i n th i s study because of the lack of complete data and the necessity f o r a large number of assumptions which were made i n determining the c o e f f i c i e n t s . Summary These r e s u l t s , then, lead to the conclusion that given the resources that the median l e v e l farmer has at hand, and given the d i s p a r i -t i e s which e x i s t within the Peace River region, the median l e v e l farmer See Appendix H. would f i n d the most economical use of his l i m i t e d resources i n the production of l i v e s t o c k and purchase of feed. S p e c i f i c a l l y , the l i v e -stock enterprise deemed most economic i n each of the areas studied i s the f i n i s h i n g of beef using e n s i l e d high moisture barley as a r a t i o n base. Some areas would also f i n d economic use of t h e i r resources by combining that a c t i v i t y with the f i n i s h i n g of beef c a t t l e on pasture with grain free choice but r e s t r i c t e d through the i n c l u s i o n of 10 per cent animal tallow. However, such a conclusion must be seen i n the l i g h t of current p r a c t i c e s . The s i g n i f i c a n c e of these findings to the current s i t u a t i o n and the complications which they involve s h a l l be the subject of the f i n a l chapter. CHAPTER V THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RESULTS Perhaps the most important aspect of the findings of this study i s not that a recommendation was reached regarding the employment of a s p e c i f i c l i v e s t o c k a c t i v i t y , but that i n every case, crop production was rejected as an economic use of resources for the median l e v e l farm. However, these findings cannot be construed as a program of change but as data to be used i n planning with i n d i v i d u a l farmers. When planning for change, the change agent must consider the needs and objectives of the farmer and then make the necessary adjustments to the optimum program. D i f f i c u l t i e s Expected i n the Introduction of Livestock This writer finds no reason to concur with the statement i n the ARDA report that:"1" "The Peace River i s generally unsuited f o r liv e s t o c k production because of severe winter weather conditions which necessitate a long feeding period, poor natural grazing conditions, and great distances to markets." The present existence of li v e s t o c k operations, the existance of l o c a l slaughterhouses, and the economic v i a b i l i t y of li v e s t o c k as demonstrated 2 i n t h i s study make th i s statement no longer true. ^Verner, e t . a l . , op. c i t . , pp. 53-54 op.cit. 2B.C. Vocational School and B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , 57 58 I f , then, there are no c l i m a t i c or economic b a r r i e r s to a viable l i v e s t o c k industry for the median l e v e l farm, what d i f f i c u l t i e s can be seen to e x i s t i n the transformation from f i e l d crops to livestock? The answers to t h i s question l i e i n the nature of change. The more complex a change i s , the more d i f f i c u l t y there i s i n i t s adoption. The gradient which r e l a t e s the type of change to the speed 3 of adoption i s presented as follows: (1) Change i n materials and equipment only, without a change i n techniques or operations (e.g., new v a r i e t i e s of seed); (2) Change i n e x i s t i n g operations with or without a change i n materials or equipment (e.g., change i n r o t a t i o n of crops); (3) Change involving new techniques or operations (e.g., contour cropping); (4) Change i n t o t a l enterprise (e.g., from crop to l i v e s t o c k farming). rates. Further, c e r t a i n generalizations can be made about farm adoption 4 (1) Practices involving large c a p i t a l outlay w i l l be adopted more slowly then those requiring small amounts of c a p i t a l ; (2) The more compatible a practice with e x i s t i n g farming operations, the more l i k e l y i t w i l l be adopted; (3) T r a i t s or practices r e a d i l y communicated by conventional methods used by farmers w i l l be adopted more r e a d i l y than those which are not; (4) The more d i f f i c u l t i t i s to r e t r a c t a decision and the sub-sequent consequences, the slower adoption i s l i k e l y to be; (5) Costly and complex practices that can be taken a l i t t l e at a time w i l l l i k e l y be adopted more quickly than where th i s i s not possible. Herbert F. Lionburger, Adoption of New Ideas and Pra c t i c e s, (Ames : Iowa State Un i v e r s i t y Press, 1960), p. 104. 4 I b i d . , p. 105. 59 The change ( f i e l d crops to l i v e s t o c k ) recommended by t h i s study for the median l e v e l farm i s the c l a s s i c example of a type 4 change (change i n t o t a l e n t e r p r i s e ) , the slowest and most d i f f i c u l t to achieve. Further, when compared to the generalizations about change made e a r l i e r , this change involves large c a p i t a l outlay i n buildings and l i v e s t o c k ; i t i s incompatible with the e x i s t i n g f i e l d crop dominated operations; conventional, "across the fence" communications w i l l not a s s i s t the change; and i t i s d i f f i c u l t to r e t r a c t the d e c i s i o n to convert once i t has been made. Perhaps the only ge n e r a l i z a t i o n which t h i s change does f i t i s that i t i s possible to begin with a few head of l i v e s t o c k and increase the number as competence increases. There are a number of socio-economic ind i c a t o r s which have been used to demonstrate a r e l a t i o n s h i p between c e r t a i n f a ctors and education and consequently change. Generally, the older a person i s , the less income he has, the lower his educational l e v e l , the less exposure he has had to continuing adult education, the less l i k e l y he i s to p a r t i c i p a t e i n the adult education required for change to take place.^ The following c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s from Chapter I indicate the nature of these factors i n the Peace River: the median age l e v e l of the farm population was i n the 45 to 54 year c l a s s ; the average t o t a l income of farm f a m i l i e s was $4,006; the median educational l e v e l was grade eight; 73.3 per cent of the farmers reported no personal contact with t h e i r D i s t r i c t A g r i c u l t u r i s t ; and the farm group reported a less favourable attitude toward change than did the non-farm group. Further 48.7 per cent of the farmers were below the poverty l i n e and 10.3 per cent were f u n c t i o n a l l y i l l i t e r a t e . None of these s t a t i s t i c s gives evidence that Coolie Verner and Alan Booth, Adult Education, (New York: The Center for Applied Research i n Education Inc., 1964) pp.26-29. 60 the Peace River farmer w i l l r e a d i l y acquire the education necessary for the recommended change to take place. More simply stated, t h i s i s the dilemma facing the median l e v e l farm i n the Peace River: on the one hand, the current enterprise (crops) has been rejected as an uneconomical use of resources while on the other, the recommended target ( l i v e s t o c k ) i s one of the most d i f f i c u l t to implement. In order to e f f e c t the change from crops to li v e s t o c k a most c a r e f u l strategy f o r change must be constructed. Suggestions f o r Change The problem of change i s a problem of education. A g r i c u l t u r a l education i n Canada l i e s within the j u r i s d i c t i o n of the p r o v i n c i a l government or i n th i s case the B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e (B.C.D.A.). The present s t a f f of the B.C.D.A. i n the Peace River consists of two D i s t r i c t A g r i c u l t u r i s t s , two Ass i s t a n t D i s t r i c t A g r i c u l t u r i s t s , and an A g r i c u l t u r a l Engineer. The development of the required educational program would necessitate that the s t a f f be increased by a Regional Live-stock S p e c i a l i s t , a Regional Economist, a number of Farm Management Technicians and a corresponding increase i n s e c r e t a r i a l s t a f f . Further, the p o s i t i o n of Information O f f i c e r should be returned to the Peace River. Once t h i s p r o f e s s i o n a l s t a f f i s assembled, i t should be trained s p e c i f i c a l l y to e f f e c t the change i n farming and organized i n t o s e l f d i r e c t i n g units so that time consuming authority c o n f l i c t s would be removed. The present separation of f i e l d personnel within the various branches of the B.C.D.A. creates f a r too many authority c o n f l i c t s and consequently reduces the effectiveness of personnel. A c l i n i c i s organized 61 so that a l l personnel report to the head of the c l i n i c . He, i n turn, reports to head o f f i c e i n V i c t o r i a . Consequently, i n t e r n a l c o n f l i c t s can be resolved at the l o c a l l e v e l . The Canada Manpower short courses, which have proved t h e i r e f f e c t i v e n e s s , should be further encouraged and developed. The advantage of these courses appears to be that by paying the p a r t i c i p a n t s to take the course , farmers who would not normally e n r o l l i n such a course v o l u n t a r i l y do so when they receive an allowance f o r enrollment. The feeder associations i n the north and south Peace River should be encouraged and supported. Care should be taken that a farmer i s able to develop his own means of financing a feeder operation once he passes the maximum l e v e l allowed by the associations. The feeder t r i a l s which have been carried out by the B.C.D.A. and the B.C. Vocational School i n Dawson Creek have proven successful. Expansion of these t r i a l s should take place moving them away from the Vocational School farm and onto a number of farms i n the area. By doing so, farmer recognition of the value of the t r i a l s would be increased. If the Peace River farmers are to move from a f i e l d crops enter-prise structure to a l i v e s t o c k enterprise structure, they w i l l need to transform the nature of the i r assets. S p e c i f i c a l l y , they would s e l l much of t h e i r machinery and use the recovered cash f o r the ere c t i o n of suitable l i v e s t o c k s h e l t e r s . Government p a r t i c i p a t i o n might become necessary at thi s point to ensure a f a i r price f o r h i s disposed assets and a minimum cost f o r h i s additions. Whether government should be involved i n a "buy-back" program could be the subject of some debate. The above suggestions are, of course, incomplete but do point i n the d i r e c t i o n of the climate required f o r successful change. Change w i l l , of course, only come i f the extension personnel are able to accurately perceive the needs of the area as well as t h e i r own role as change agents and act accordingly. Summary This study has been directed toward defining the most economical use of resources f o r the median l e v e l farmer i n the Peace River region of B r i t i s h Columbia. In doing so, i t has developed a recommendation for a complete conversion of enterprises. The d i f f i c u l t i e s that implementing such a recommendation would encounter have been noted and suggestions f o r a s o l u t i o n have been made. A more d e t a i l e d outline of a strategy f o r change i s , of course, scope for further research. However, i t i s the opinion of this writer that unless action i s taken on these recommendations, the problems facing the median l e v e l farmer i n the Peace River w i l l i n t e n s i f y . BIBLIOGRAPHY Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . 1969 Alberta Beef Feeder Enterprise  Analysis,. [by R.G. Wiens] . [Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 821-422-1, 1970. Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Alberta Hog Enterprise Analysis, [by B.A. Hackett and A. Reddon]. [Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. '816/440-2, 1966. Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [by A.W.N. Erichsen]. [Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 420-62-1, 1971. Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Progress Report on Confinement Sheep  Production. [Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 430-23-1, 1970. ' Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Sheep Production: Budgets-1970, [by V.M. Gleddie]. [Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 430-90, 1970. "Barley - B.C. Peace River". V i c t o r i a , Crop Insurance Branch, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . (Mimeographed) Boulding, Kenneth E. and W. A l l e n Spivey. Linear Programming and the  Theory of the Firm. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1960. B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Sample .Costs to Produce  A l f a l f a Hay. [ V i c t o r i a ] : 1971. B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Sample Costs to Produce  Wheat, or Oats, or Barley. [ V i c t o r i a ] : 1971 "B.C. Peace River S o i l Zones, Grain Crop Insurance". V i c t o r i a : Crop Insurance Branch, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . (Mimeographed) B.C. Vocational School and B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . « Progress Rep,or-t._ 1970-1971-,j Beef Feeding Demonstration. -[Dawson-Creek]: 'n.n., '1971. ' Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . The Economics of Beef Production, * [by I.F. Furniss and V.W. Yorgason]. [Ottawa]: P u b l i c a t i o n No/1356, 1971. Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Machinery Costs on P r a i r i e Wheat  Farms i n West Central Saskatchewan, [by L.M. Johnson]. [Ottawa]:-.. P u b l i c a t i o n No. 71/1, 1971. 63 Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Swine Production: Feeding, [by J.M. B e l l and B.D. Owen]. [Ottawa]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 1442. Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Swine Production: Routine Care and Management, [by L.A. B l a i r and A. C a s t e l l ] . [Ottawa] Pub l i c a t i o n No. 1442. "Costs to Use f o r a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Grower. Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1967. Dantzig, George B. Linear Programming and Extensions. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1963. Dorfman, Robert, Paul A. Samuelson, and Robert Solow. Linear Programming and Economic Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., 1958. "Enterprise Budgets f o r Three Cow-Calf Systems", The Grain Grower. i Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1969. "Equipment Costs f o r D i f f e r e n t Size Cattle Feedlots", The Grain Grower. Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1965. Farstad, L., T.M. Lord, A.J. Green, and H.J. Hortie. S o i l Survey  of the Peace River Area i n B r i t i s h Columbia. Report No. 8 of the B r i t i s h Columbia S o i l Survey. Un i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , and Research Branch, Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . Ottawa; 1965. Gale, David. The Theory of Linear Economic Models. New York: McGraw H i l l Book Co. Inc., 1960. Heady, E a r l 0., and Wilfred Chandler. Linear Programming Methods. Ames, Iowa: The Iowa State U n i v e r s i t y Press, 1958. Hetland, Forrest. "How I Grow Quality Rapeseed", The Grain Grower. Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1970. Lionsberger, Herbert F. Adoption of New Ideas and Practices. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State U n i v e r s i t y Press, 1960. Nisbet, Thomas George. A Study of Resource Use on a Selected Farm i n the Peace River Area of B r i t i s h Columbia Using the Simplex' Method of Linear Programming. Unpublished Graduating Essay, U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, 1962. "Oats - B.C. Peace River". V i c t o r i a : Crop Insurance Branch, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . (Mimeographed). Rapeseed Asso c i a t i o n of Canada, Rapeseed - Canada's " C i n d e r e l l a " Crop, [by R.K. Downey, S.H. Pawlowski, and J. McAnsh]. [Saskatoon]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 8, 1970. Spivey, W. A l l e n . Linear Programming: An Introduction. New York: The MacMillan Co., 1963. "Spring Wheat - B.C. Peace River". V i c t o r i a ; Crop Insurance Branch, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . (Mimeographed) Verner, Coolie and Alan Booth. Adult Education. New York: The Center for Applied Research i n Education Inc., 1964. Verner, Coolie, Gary Dickinson, and Bruce Kloosterman. A Socio-economic  Survey of the Peace River Area. Report #4, A.R.D.A. - Canada Land Inventory Project # 49009 [Vancouver]: Univ e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, 1968. APPENDIX A A Map of the Peace River 66 APPENDIX B Documents of the South Pe Feeder Asso c i a t i o n 68 69 CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS GOVERNING THE SQUTH PEACE FEEDERS' ASSOCIATION AS SET FORTH IN SCHEDULES A AND B OF THE SOCIETIES ACT CONSTITUTION 1. The name of the Society i s the South Peace Feeders' Association. 2. The object of the Society i s to borrow money for the purpose of promoting the feeding and f i n i s h i n g , i n the South Peace River D i s t r i c t , of c a t t l e and lambs for the slaughter market. 3. The operations of the Society are to be c h i e f l y carried on i n an area bound on the North by the Peace River and the South shore of W i l l i s t o n Lake; on the West by the Parsnip River; on the South by the 55th p a r a l l e l ; and, on the East by the A l b e r t a -B r i t i s h Columbia boundary. BY-LAWS Here set f o r t h i n numbered clauses the by-laws providing for the matters ref e r r e d to i n Schedule B. A. 1. Membership i n a Feeder Association s h a l l only be made avai l a b l e to a bona-fide farmer and the loan s h a l l only be made to members who have suitable feed for l i v e s t o c k feeding operations. 2. A bona-fide farmer i s a person 19 years or over, who i s i n possession of a farm and whose p r i n c i p a l income (over 50%) and occupation consists of farming such a farm. 3. A wife of a bona-fide farmer i s not e l i g i b l e to obtain a loan through an Association. 4. A l l members applying f o r c a t t l e or lambs must be approved by the Supervisor and the majority of the board of d i r e c t o r s . B. A d i r e c t o r to hold o f f i c e must have made settlement i n f u l l with the A s s o c i a t i o n for any previous year's operations. C. The Feeder Ass o c i a t i o n s h a l l upon 'organization and annually thereafter p r i o r to commencement of each year's operation, appoint a l o c a l supervisor, and a secretary-treasurer, s a l a r i e s and expenses of such appointees to be paid by the Association. D. The Feeder Ass o c i a t i o n s h a l l consider only applications from members who are authorized to feed i n a custom fee d l o t , or have a surplus of suitable feed for l i v e s t o c k feeding operations, and a l l such a p p l i c a t i o n s s h a l l be accompanied by deposit i n lawful money of Canada, calculated as 10%, of the amount of the loan a p p l i c a t i o n . The minimum deposit w i l l be $200.00. 70 2. Membership ceases when a member states i n w r i t i n g that he no longer wishes to a v a i l himself to the services of the A s s o c i a t i o n and requests the return of his deposit. The amount of the returnable deposit w i l l depend on the extent of overdue accounts that have been charged on a pro-rata basis against the deposits of a l l members. This amount w i l l be paid i n s i x months a f t e r written a p p l i c a t i o n . 3. The annual general meeting w i l l be held i n September. Notices of the annual general meeting s h a l l be by mail to the members at least 7 days p r i o r to the meeting date. A l l other general meetings s h a l l be by 7 days notice by mail. Special meetings s h a l l be by 48 hours notice. At a l l general meetings a quorum s h a l l consist of 307o of the members. A quorum for d i r e c t o r s ' meetings s h a l l be 4 d i r e c t o r s of the 7 d i r e c t o r s . The r i g h t to vote the f i r s t year i s r e s t r i c t e d to persons who have paid a $5.00 membership fee. The r i g h t to vote at a l l meetings a f t e r the f i r s t year w i l l be r e s t r i c t e d to members who have availed themselves to the Services of the Association and have a loan deposit with the Association. 4. F i r s t d i r e c t o r s were elected at a general meeting. A f t e r the f i r s t year d i r e c t o r s w i l l be elected at the annual general meeting, 4 of which w i l l be elected for a two year term and 3 elected for a one year term. A l l second year and subsequent d i r e c t o r s s h a l l be people who have availed themselves to the services of the A s s o c i a t i o n and have a loan deposit with the Association. A d i r e c t o r may be removed by unanimous vote of a l l other d i r e c t o r s f o r conduct considered derogatory to the organization. Ten days notice of a meeting which w i l l consider such a vote s h a l l be given to said d i r e c t o r to give him time to prepare a defence. 5. At the annual general meeting the membership w i l l authorize by a two-thirds majority the maximum amount of money that the d i r e c t o r s may borrow on behalf of the Association. 6. An auditor w i l l be appointed each >year by the d i r e c t o r s who w i l l make a report at the annual meeting. The auditor's report being a v a i l a b l e to a l l members and the Bank from which the money i s borrowed. 7. The seal s h a l l be i n custody of the Secretary-Treasurer for use on a l l l e g a l documents and contracts on the authority of the majority of the d i r e c t o r s . 8. A l t e r a t i o n of by-laws by extraordinary r e s o l u t i o n at one annual general meeting s h a l l be voted on at the following annual general meeting and w i l l require two-thirds majority to carry. REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE SOUTH PEACE FEEDERS' ASSOCIATION 1. Upon approval of the member's a p p l i c a t i o n f o r a loan f o r c a t t l e or lambs by the Ass o c i a t i o n , to the member, the deposit accompanying the said a p p l i c a t i o n s h a l l form part of the c o l l e c t i v e s ecurity account which w i l l be i n deposit i n the bank with which the Ass o c i a t i o n i s financed. 2. The Feeder Association s h a l l apply within 12 months of the date an account becomes overdue the whole or any part of the deposit of the c o l l e c t i v e s ecurity account proportionately on any one or more of i t s unpaid overdue accounts, a f t e r f i r s t applying the f u l l deposit of any member (or members) whose account i s overdue. 1. The maximum loan of c a t t l e or lambs f o r a f i r s t year member s h a l l be $5,000.00 except i n s p e c i a l circumstances at the d i s c r e t i o n of the Directors where the f a c i l i t i e s and previous feeding experience are evident t h i s can be increased to $7,500.00. 2. The maximum loan of c a t t l e or lambs f o r a second year member s h a l l be $10,000.00. 3. The maximum loan of c a t t l e or lambs f or a member i n good standing who has completed more than two years "shall be $15,000.00. 4. The d i r e c t o r s may l i m i t the amount of a loan of c a t t l e or lambs to a member to less than the maximum. 1. A l l sales of Assoc i a t i o n l i v e s t o c k s h a l l be authorized by the l o c a l Supervisor. 2. The Assoc i a t i o n may s e l l at any time l i v e s t o c k , which, i n the opinion of the l o c a l Supervisor, i s not being properly cared f o r . 1. The Assoc i a t i o n s h a l l not purchase cows, or h e i f e r s over 1 year of age. 2. Minimum number of li v e s t o c k f o r which a loan may be requested s h a l l not be less than 50 lambs, or less than 10 head of c a t t l e . 3. The Feeder Asso c i a t i o n s h a l l obtain a registered c a t t l e brand r e g i s t e r e d i n B r i t i s h Columbia, i n a l l six p o s i t i o n s , and a l l c a t t l e purchased by the Assoc i a t i o n and loaned f o r feeding to members s h a l l be branded i n a permanently l e g i b l e manner with t h i s brand. 73 4. Notwithstanding any other regulations, an Assoc i a t i o n may purchase feeder l i v e s t o c k from a member, to be fed by such member i f : Purchase price of such l i v e s t o c k does not exceed 75% of the estimated value of the liv e s t o c k at time of purchase. A l l c a t t l e l i s t e d i n the contract are d i s t i n c t l y and permanently branded with the Assoc i a t i o n brand before they are paid f o r by the Association. 5. : An Assoc i a t i o n may purchase feeder l i v e s t o c k for loan to a member to feed i n a custom f e e d l o t , i f : That member agrees to pay a l l yardage incurred and a l l feed consumed on a monthly basi s . A l l c a t t l e l i s t e d i n the contract are d i s t i n c t l y and permanently branded with the Assoc i a t i o n brand before they are paid f o r by the Association. The custom feedlot operator s h a l l submit to the Secretary-Treasurer of the Assoc i a t i o n not l a t e r than the 10th of each month a statement covering the previous month's operation. 6. The Assoc i a t i o n s h a l l obtain completed copies of the Feeder Agreement signed by the feeder at the time he receives livestock. One copy of the agreement s h a l l be retained by the Association and one copy s h a l l be forwarded to the bank with which the Associ a t i o n i s financed. 7. The Ass o c i a t i o n s h a l l obtain a vendor statement or b i l l of sale f o r each l o t of c a t t l e or sheep purchased. 8. Notices giving d e t a i l s of the registered brand w i l l be f i l e d by the As s o c i a t i o n with a l l livestock markets and private bonded li v e s t o c k dealers. Notices s h a l l consist of a statement giving d e t a i l s of the brand and i n d i c a t i n g that a l l payment f or c a t t l e must be made payable to the Feeders' Association unless the consignee has a l e t t e r of authorization from the Feeders' Association allowing d i r e c t payment. 9. This Feeders' Association s h a l l not supply l i v e s t o c k to a member who i s indebted to any other Feeders' Association. THIS AGREEMENT made on the day of , A.D. 19 at the City of Dawson Creek, i n the Province of B r i t i s h Columbia. BETWEEN: SOUTH PEACE FEEDER'S ASSOCIATION, a Society formed pursuant to the Laws of B r i t i s h Columbia with i t s head o f f i c e at Dawson Creek, B.C. and having a postal address at Box 993, i n the Cit y of Dawson Creek, Province of B r i t i s h Columbia. (hereinafter c a l l e d "the Assoc i a t i o n " ) . OF THE FIRST PART AND: of i n the Province of B r i t i s h Columbia, (hereinafter c a l l e d "the Feeder"). OF THE SECOND PART WHEREAS the Association i s the owner of c e r t a i n l i v e s t o c k s p e c i f i c a l l y described as follows: Livestock Location Total No. Kind Brand of Brand Cost (hereinafter r e f e r r e d to as "the said l i v e s t o c k " ) . NOW THEREFORE THIS AGREEMENT WITNESSETH that i n consideration of the Assoc i a t i o n having caused the said l i v e s t o c k to be deli v e r e d to the Feeder (the rec e i p t whereof the Feeder does hereby admit and acknowledge), the Feeder does hereby covenant and agree as follows: 1. To feed the said l i v e s t o c k and make the said l i v e s t o c k ready f o r market under the d i r e c t i o n , supervision and advice of the l o c a l supervisor appointed by the Association. 2. To maintain the health of the said l i v e s t o c k and to f u r n i s h veterinary services at his own expense. 3. To n o t i f y the l o c a l supervisor immediately concerning any si c k , dead, or cripp l e d animals so that necessary health precautions may be taken. 4. Forthwith on obtaining possession of any l i v e s t o c k hereunder to have a l l of the said l i v e s t o c k branded with the Asso c i a t i o n brand at h i s own expense and i f the said l i v e s t o c k has been branded with the As s o c i a t i o n brand before de l i v e r y to him, he further covenants and agrees to pay the cost of the said branding done under the d i r e c t i o n of the Association. 5. To cause the said l i v e s t o c k to be dehorned, inoculated or vaccinated, i f required by the l o c a l supervisor, a l l of which s h a l l be done at h i s own expense. 6. To d e l i v e r f o r marketing the said l i v e s t o c k p r i o r to the day of , A.D. 19 7. To arrange that the t o t a l sum r e a l i z e d from the sale of the l i v e s t o c k be paid d i r e c t l y to the Association. 8. To pay upon demand to the A s s o c i a t i o n any loss that may be sustained by the Association as a r e s u l t of a sale of the said l i v e s t o c k , and the amount of such loss s h a l l be calculated by subtracting the t o t a l sum received from the sale of the said l i v e s t o c k from the sum to which the Asso c i a t i o n i s otherwise e n t i t l e d to receive pursuant to the terms of t h i s Agreement. 9. To waive and hereby does waive any l i e n or charge for agistment f o r the said c a t t l e . 76 THE ASSOCIATION HEREBY COVENANTS AND AGREES to pay to the Feeder out of the sums i t receives as a r e s u l t of the sale of the said l i v e s t o c k the surplus sum remaining a f t e r the Association has retained the sum of ($ ) D o l l a r s , together with i n t e r e s t thereon at the rate of ( %) per cent per annum from the date of t h i s Agreement u n t i l f i n a l Settlement i s made between the Ass o c i a t i o n and the Feeder and any ad d i t i o n a l sum which the Assoc i a t i o n i s e n t i t l e d to charge the Feeder i n accordance with this agreement and the by-laws of the Association. IT IS FURTHER UNDERSTOOD AND AGREED BY THE Assoc i a t i o n and the Feeder as follows: 1. Where, i n the opinion of the l o c a l supervisor, the said l i v e s t o c k are being improperly cared f o r or fed by the Feeder, or the Feeder has not complied with paragraph 6 above, then the Feeder s h a l l permit the Ass o c i a t i o n to take d e l i v e r y of and s e l l the said l i v e s t o c k , at the sole expense of the feeder, and i n such case the Feeder s h a l l pay on demand to the Assoc i a t i o n any loss that may be sustained by the Ass o c i a t i o n and such loss s h a l l be calculated by subtracting either the value of the said l i v e s t o c k arranged by the A s s o c i a t i o n from the sum to which the Assoc i a t i o n i s otherwise e n t i t l e d to receive pursuant to the terms of t h i s Agreement. 2. Where the Feeder refuses to permit the Assoc i a t i o n to take d e l i v e r y of the said l i v e s t o c k , then the Ass o c i a t i o n may enter upon the land i n question to remove and s e l l the said l i v e s t o c k and the 77 Feeder does hereby covenant and agree to assume the f i n a n c i a l obligations as set out i n the preceding paragraph hereof and the Feeder does further covenant and agree to save harmless the Assoc i a t i o n from any and a l l manner of action and actions, claims, and demands, whatsoever at law or i n equity that may ari s e as a r e s u l t of the said removal. 3. This Agreement and everything contained therein s h a l l ensure to and be binding upon the successors and assigns of the Feeder. 4. The Assoc i a t i o n s h a l l not be bound by any verbal representation of any agent or employee concerning the terms of this Agreement. 5. This Agreement s h a l l be subject to every regulation established by the South Peace Feeders' Association. The A s s o c i a t i o n has hereunto a f f i x e d i t s corporate seal attested to by the proper o f f i c e r s on i t s behalf the day and year f i r s t above written. SOUTH PEACE FEEDERS ASSOCIATION Per: President Per: Secretary IT WITNESS WHEREOF THE Feeder has hereunto set his hand the day and year f i r s t above written. SIGNED, SEALED AND DELIVERED ) i n the presence of: ) (as to the signature of the Feeder) Feeder APPENDIX C Correspondence from A. Hennig 78 i C O P Y CANADA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE / MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE DU CANADA Research Station Box 29 Beaverlodge, Alberta October 5, 1971 Mr. R.G. Holtby Department of Agri c u l t u r e Economics U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia Vancouver 8, B.C. Dear Mr. Holtby: In reply to your l e t t e r received September 27 re cropping systems f o r nine s o i l areas we have grouped the areas into 4 groups namely: Group 1 - Groundbirch; Beryl - Bisequa, Gray wooded, F.S.L. & Si.L. Sunset P r a i r i e : Sioane - Orthic Gray Wooded, F.S.L. & Si.L. Halfway: Lynx - B r u n i s o l i c Gray Wooded, F.S.L. & Si.L. Group 2 - Two Rivers: Kathleen - Orthic Gray Wooded, Si.L. & Si.C.L. C e c i l Lake: Donnelly - Gray Wooded solod L. & C.L. Group 3 - Doe River: Arras - Dark Gray Wooded solod s i l t loam & Si.C.L. Montney: Murdale - Dark Gray solod loam & clay loam These groupings are a r b i t r a r y and may not be according to family groupings but more or less f a l l i nto textured and the broad s o i l r a t i n g groups. For each of these groups we have proposed a workable r o t a t i o n with suggested alternates. The Kathleen solod could be grouped.with Group 1, the Donnelly with Arras i n Group 3 and the Murdale with Landry i n Group 4, thus reducing the number of groups by 1. We trust that our proposals w i l l be of some assistance to you i n your economic study. Yours t r u l y , A.M.F. Hennig S o i l Management AMFH:es 80 ( C O P Y ) CROPPING SYSTEMS October 1, 1971 Group I Year 1 - Barley underseeded A l f a l f a or Brome A l f a l f a 2 - Hay - 2 cuts 3 - Hay - 2 cuts 4 - Hay - 1 cut and break &. p a r t i a l fallow 5 - Wheat, oats or barley or rape 6 - Barley or f l a x Where c l i m a t i c conditions are more severe barley could be the sole cereal crop i n such a 6-year r o t a t i o n with barley and A l f a l f a or Brome-Alfalfa. Rape would be a good crop a f t e r Brome-Alfalfa breaking. Flax should be seeded i n grain stubble preferably f a l l worked -sprayed f o r weeds i n spring. Could also be seeded a f t e r rape -again f a l l worked stubble and sprayed. I f barley i s used i n year 6 then e i t h e r wheat, oats or rape should be used i n year 5, i f rape i s used as the companion crop then barley, wheat or oats should be used i n year 5. A l f a l f a or Bromegrass-Alfalfa gives stronger stands i f seeded alone i n e a r l y spring and may possibly be cut for hay by f a l l . The hay f i e l d could then be broken a f t e r the second cut i n year 3 and cropped to f l a x or barley i n year 4. Thus i n the above r o t a t i o n you have a number of d i f f e r e n t p o s s i b i l i t i e s . 81 Group II Year 1 - Barley underseeded to A l s i k e 2 - A l s i k e seed 3 - A l s i k e seed & breaking 4 - Oats or rape 5 - Barley, oats or f l a x 6 - Barley Where c l i m a t i c conditions permit wheat could be substituted for barley i n years 5 or 6. The r o t a t i o n for Group I could be substituted f o r the above p a r t i c u l a r l y f o r the Kathleen s o i l type. Group I I I r o t a t i o n could be used for the Donnelly s o i l area. Group III Year 1 - Fescue spring seeded without companion crop 2 -Fescue seed 3 - Fescue seed & breaking 4 - Flax ( f a l l c u l t i v a t i o n when possible) 5 - Barley, rape or oats 6 - Rape or barley or oats ( f a l l c u l t i v a t i o n - s t u b b l e ) Where c l i m a t i c conditions permit wheat could be used i n year 5 or 6. , Fescue w i l l r e - e s t a b l i s h when broken i n the f a l l and may come back quite strongly i f not c u l t i v a t e d out i n the f a l l of year 4. If l e f t to come back 2 a d d i t i o n a l years could precede breaking & fallow - cropped to grain f o r several years and reseeded to fescue. 82 Where occasional fallowing i s required fescue could be seeded on Fallow i n Year 1 followed by 2 years of seed - f a l l broken, Flax 2 years of grain and fallow i n year 7 for a 7-year r o t a t i o n . Another v a r i a t i o n could be: 1 - Fescue with companion crop of f l a x , early barley or rape 2 - Fescue seed (maybe) 3 - Fescue seed 4 - Fescue seed and f a l l break 5 - Fallow 6 - Rape, wheat or barley 7 - Oats, wheat or barley Group IV Year 1 - Wheat or rape on fallow. Return a l l crop residues and f a l l work. 2 - Wheat 3 - Wheat 4 - Wheat, barley or f l a x 5 - Flax or barley 6 - Fallow We have on s i m i l a r s o i l at Beaverlodge continuously cropped to wheat for 12 years without any reductions i n y i e l d where f e r t i l i z e r s were used. There may, however, be d i f f i c u l t i e s with a build-up of weeds although with annual spraying and f a l l c u l t i v a t i o n of stubble t h i s could probably be overcome. The above 6 year r o t a t i o n could be extended to 10 by following the 6th year fallow with seeding to bromegrass-alfalfa for hay, taking 3 years of hay and breaking a f t e r the f i r s t hay crop i n the 3rd year and p a r t i a l l y fallowing before going back to year 1 of the above r o t a t i o n . Another v a r i a t i o n would be to seed to fescue a f t e r fallow with 2 years of grass and a p a r t i a l fallow a f t e r the second seed harvest, then back to 1 for a 9 year r o t a t i o n with 1 fallow year. A.M.F. Hennig APPENDIX D Input Requirements 84 85 TABLE 1 Crop Labour Costs Area S k i l l e d Labour Unskilled Labour (per hour) (per hour) Rolla-Boundary $3.50 $2.00 Doe River 3.50 2.00 Progress 4.00 2.50 Groundbirch 3.50 2.00 Sunset P r a i r i e 3.50 2.00 Baldonne1-Two Rivers 5.00 2.00 C e c i l Lake 3.50 2.00 Montenay 4.00 2.50 Halfway River 3.50 2.00 Source: B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) TABLE 2 Machinery Requirements For Crop Rotations R o l l a Boundary Machinery Replacement Acres Cost per Fuel Costs Repair Costs Rotations' Cost Acre per hour per hour Used (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Tractor 50 H.P.D. $7000 480 $14.58 $ .71 $ .70 1,2,3,4 Disc 10' 1500 480 3.13 .72 1,2,3,4 Harrow - 4. Sect. - 20' • 500 480 1.04 .24 1,2,3,4 Seeder Attach. 200 480 .41 .17 1,2,3,4 Swather Conditioner - 12' (PTO) 3600 480 7.50 1.44 1,2,3,4 Rake 800 480 1.66 .32 4 Baler 2800 480 5.83 .90 4 Wagon 500 480 1.04 .10 4 Front End Loader % 500 480 1.04 .12 4 Sprayer 45' 650 480 1.354 .52 1,2,3,4 F e r t i l i z e r Spreader 200 480 .417 .20 1,2,3,4 Combiner 14' S.P. 1500 480 31.20 1.00 4.05 1,2,3 Auger 500 480 1.04 .05 1,2,3 Truck 5000 480 10.41 (10c /mile) 1,2,3 Machinery Cost - Rotation 1,2,3 = 71.08 per acre Rotation 4 =38.00 per acre Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay— R o l l a Boundary, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971)-Br.itish Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 3 Storage Requirements For Crop Rotations R o l l a Boundary Rotation Crop Expected Cost per Cost per Cost f o r Number Y i e l d Unit Item Rotation (1) (2) - (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 46 bus. $ .30 $ 13.80 Wheat 116 bus. .30 34.80 $•$48.60 2 Barley 46 bus. .30 1.3.80 . Wheat 87 bus. .30 26.10 Rapeseed 19.5 bus. .30 5.85 45.75 3 Barley 92 bus. .30 27.60 . Wheat 58 bus. .30 17.40 Rapeseed 19.5 bus. .30 5.85 50.85 4 Hay 10 ton 10.38 103.80 103.80 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971 Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4) Column 6: Subtotal of Column (5) TABLE 4 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and -Costs Rolla-Boundary • Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Disc 2 1/2 2 .800 $2.80 $.57 $.56 $.58 $ 4.51 Harrowing 4 3 .390 1.37 .28 .27 .09 2.01 Seeding & F e r t i l i z e r .5 1 .170 .70 . 12 .12 .06 $4.81 $2.75 8.56 Spray 3 .57 .066 .23 .05 .05 .03 2.57 2.93 Swathing 2 1/2 1 .400 1.40 .29 .28 .58 2.55 Combining 6 1 .120 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Trucking 5.7 M 1 . 120 .24 .57 .81 Auger .094 . 188 .035 .045 .27 Sub Total $22.67 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.13 2.160 Hrs. To t a l $23.80 Source: B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Rolla-Boundary, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 5 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Ro l l a Boundary Barley. A c t i v i t y Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs 3 Repairs Cost Disc ih 2 .800 $2.80 $.57 $.56 $.58 . $ 4.51 Harrowing 4 3 .390 1.37 .28 .27 .09 2.01 Seed & Fert- 5 . 1 .170 .70 .12 .12 .06 $2.50 & 4.80 8.30 Spray 3 .57 .066 ' .23 .05 .05 .03 . 2.57 2.93 Swathing ih 1 .400 1.40 .29 .28 .58 . 2.55 Combining 6 1 .120 .42 .12 .49 - 1.03 Trucking 6.8 M .120 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 2.160FHrs. Sub To t a l $22.52 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.13 Tot a l $23.65 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia. Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - R o l l a Boundaryj ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) 0 0 VD TABLE 6 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs R o l l a Boundary Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials Total Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Disc 2h. 2 .80 $2.80 $.57 $.56 $.58 $ 4.51 Harrowing 4 3 .39 1.37 .28 .27 • .09 2.01 Spraying 3 1 .11 .39 .09 .09 .06 $4.50 5.13 Seeding & F e r t . 5 1 .17 .70 .12 .12 .06 $2.75 + 1.50 5.25 Swathing 2h 1 .40 1.40 .29 .28 .58 2.55 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Trucking 6.8 M 1 .12 .24 .68 .92 Augering .05 .10 .03 .01 .14 2.16 Hrs Sub T o t a l $21.54 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.08 T o t a l $22.62 Sources:. B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - R o l l a Boundary, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) V O o TABLE 7 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs R o l l a Boundary Fallow A c t i v i t y Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Total Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Disc 23s" 2 .80 $2.50 $.57 $.56 $.58 $4.51 Harrowing 4 3 .39 1.37 .28 .27 .09 2.01 1.19 Hrs. Subtotal $6.52 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .33 Tot a l $6.85 Source: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture,' Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - R o l l a Boundary, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) TABLE 8 Machinery Requirements f o r Crop Rotations Doe River Machinery Replacement Cost Acreage Cost per Acre Fuel Costs per Hour Repair Cost per Hour Rotations Used Tractor 70 H.P.D. 9800 480 $20.42 $ .89 $ .98 1,2,3,4 Disc 10' 1500 480 3.13 .72 1,2,3,4 Harrows 20' 500 480 1.04 .24 1,2,3,4 Seeder Attach 300 480 .63 .25 1,2,3,4 Fert. Spreader 200 480 .42 .20 1,2,3,4 Swather 12' SP 5000 480 10.42 .51 2.00 1,2,3,4 Baler 3000 480 6.25 .96 4 Bale Stooker 350 480 .73 .07 4 Front End Loader 1000 480 2.08 .24 4 Wagon 400 480 .83 .08 4 Bale Elevator 300 480 .63 .06 4 Combine 14' SP 15000 480 31.25 1.00 4.05 1,2,3 Auger 500 480 1.04 .05 1,2,3 Truck 5000 480 10.41 10c /mil e 1,2,3 Sprayer 50' 650 480 .52 1,2,3 Machinery Cost: Rotations 1,2,3:=-78.76 per acre Rotation 4 =46.58 per acre Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Doe River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 9 Storage Requirements For Crop Rotations Doe River Rotation Crop Expected Cost per Cost per Cost For Number Y i e l d Unit Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4). . (5) (6) 1 Barley 88 bus. $ .30 $ 26.40 Rapeseed 18r58 bus. .30 5.57 $ 31.97 . . 2 Barley 88 bus. .30 26.40 Oats 56 bus. .30 16.80 43.20 3 Barley 44 bus. .30 13.20 Rapeseed 37.16 bus. .30 11.15 24.35 4 Hay 10 Ton 10.38 103.80 103.80 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix'E Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971 Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4) Column 6: Subtotals of Column (5) TABLE 10 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Doe River E s t a b l i s h Fescue A c t i v i t y Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $.59 $.65 $.48 $ 4.03 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .70 .18 .20 .05 1.13 Seeding & Fert. 4 1 .21 .74 .19 .20. .05 $2.25 +2.00 5.43 1.07 Hrs. Subtotal $10.49 Overhead (5% of Costs) .53 T o t a l $11.12 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Doe River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 11 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Doe River Harvest Fescue Seed A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost F e r t i l i z i n g 4 1 .130 $.46 $.13 $.13 $.03 $2.00 $2.75 Swathing 6.5 1 .130 .46. .07 .26 .79 Combining 5.5 1 .130 .46 .13 .53 1.12 Trucking 6.8 M .130 .2.6 .68 .94 Augering .094 , .188 .035 .045 .27 .614 Hrs. Subtotal $5.87 Overhead (5% of Costs) .29 Tot a l $6.16 Sources: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, September 21, 1971 TABLE 12 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Doe River Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement - Materials T o t a l Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .660 $2.31 $.59 $.65 $.48 $ 4.03 Harrowing 5 2 .200 .70 .18 .20 . .05 1.13 Spraying 3 1 .066 .23 .06 .07 .04 $4.50 4.90 Seed & F e r t . 4 1 .210 .74 .19 .20 .05 $2.75 + 1.50 5.43 Swathing kh 1 .190 .67 .10 .38 1.14 Combining 6 1 .120 .42 . .12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 M .120 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 1.660 Hrs. Subtotal $18.85 Overhead (5% of Costs) .94 Total $19.79 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Doe River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B r i t i s h Columbia Department, of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) VD ON TABLE 13 Per Acre Activity Requirement and Costs Doe River Barley Activity, Miles per Times Hours per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials Total Hour Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .660 $2.31 $.59 $.65 $.48 $$4.03 Harrowing 5 2 .200 .70 .18 .20 .05 1.13 Seed & Fert. 4 1 .210 .74 .19 .20 .05 $2.50 =4.80 8.48 Swathing 4^ 1 .190 .67 .10 .38 1.14 Combining 6 1 .120 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 M .120 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 1.594 Hrs. Subtotal $17.00 Overhead (5% of Costs) .85 .Total $17.85 Sources: . British Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Al f a l f a Hay - Doe River, (Victoria, 1971) British Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs, to Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, (Victoria, 1969) TABLE 14 Machinery Requirements For Crop Rotations' Progress Machinery Replacement Cost Acres Cost per Acre Fuel Cost Repair Cost per Hour per Hour Tractor 60 H.P.D. 8400 480 $ 17.50 $ .79 $:. .84 Disc 10' 1500 480 3.125 .72 Harrows 20' 500 480 1.041 .24 Seeder Attach 200 480 .416 .17 Swather PTO 12 * 3600 480 7.50 1.44 Rake 700 240 2.92 .28 Baler 3000 240 12.50 .96 Stooker 200 240 .83 . . 06 Front'End Loader (%) 500 240 2.08 .12 Wagon 400 240 11.67 .08 Elevator 250 240 1.04 . 05 P l a s t i c (2.4 R o l l s ) 48 240 .20 .00 Spray 45' 650 480 1.354 .52 Fert. Spreader 20 200 480 .417 .20 Combine 14' SP 15000 240 62.50 1.00 4.05 Auger 500 240 2.08 .05 Truck 2T 5000 480 10.416 10c /mile Total f o r Rotations' 1,2,3,4 127.59 Sources:' B r i t i s h Columbia Department ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Progress, Produce Wheat, Oats and Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 15 Storage Requirements for Crop Rotations Progress Rotation Crop Expected Cost per Cost per Cost f o r Number Y i e l d • Unit Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 46.5 bus. $ .30 $13.85 Wheat 20 bus. .30 6.00 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 $82.13 2 Barley 46.5 bus. . .30 13.85 Oats 41 bus, .30 12.30 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 88.43 3 Barley 77.5 bus. .30 23.25 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 85.53 4 Barley 46.5 bus. .30 13.85 Rapeseed 13.16 bus. .30 3.95 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 80.08 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971 Column 5: Column (3) mul t i p l i e d by Column (4) TABLE 16 F i f t e e n Year Budget f or Rotation 4 Groundbirch Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Rape Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17. 20 $77. .17 $5. ,02 $13. 90 $16. 68 $129. 97 $45.45 $28.32 $120.35 $194. 12 $64.15 1952 17. 20 77. 17 5. .02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 50. 22 :.2i:56 99. 90 171. 68 41. 71 1953 17. 20 77. .17 5. .02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 39. 38 25. 70 92. 63 157. 71 27. 74 1954 17. 20 77. ,17 5, ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 31. 59 19.93 79. 38 130. 90 .93 1955 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 29. 63 15. 72 142. 56 187. 91 57.94 1956 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 42. 12 25.69 87. 42 155. 23 25.26 1957 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 26. 91 18.69 77. 85 123. 15 - 6.52 1958 17. 20 77. 17 5, ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 27. 30 12.60 86. 43 126. 33 - 3.64 1959 17. 20 77. 17 5, ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 21. 42 28. 76 90. 09 140. 27 10.30 1960 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 36. 00 20.26 92. 16 148. 42 18.45 1961 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 54. 72 24:26 105. 00 183. 98 54.01 1962 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 49. 63 27.63 101. 99 173. 75 43. 78 1963 17. 20 77. ,17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 30. 71 37.95 93. 60 162. 26 32.29 1964 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 51. 46 36.55 104. 88 192. 89 62.92 1965 17. 20 77. 17 5. ,02 13. 90 16. 68 129. 97 57. 00 31.64 115. 68 204. 32 74.35 Average Net Return = $33.58 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) r- ' o o TABLE 17 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Progress Barley A c t i v i t y Mi les per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Total Materials Cost Disc 3 2 .660 $2.64 $.52 $-55 $.48 $ 4.19 Harrow 5 2 .200 .80 .16 . 17 .05 1.18 Seeding & F e r t i l i z e r 6 1 .110 .44 .09 .09 .04 $2.50 + 2.75 5.95 Spray 3 .57 .042 .17 .03 .04 .02 2.57 2.83 Swathing 2.33 1 .400 1.60 .32 .34 .58 2.82 Combine 6 1 .120 .48 . 12 - .49 1.09 Truck 6.8 M .120 .30 .68 .98 Auger .094 .235 .035 .045 .32 Sub Total $19.36 Overhead (5% of Costs) .97 1.756 Hours Total $20.33 Source: B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Progress, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 18 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Progress Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Disc 3 2 .660 $2.64 $.52 $.55 $.48 $ 4.19 Harrow 5 2 .200 .80 .16 .17 .05 1.18 Seeding & F e r t i l i z e r 6 1 .110 .44 .09 .09 .04 .$4.81 + 4.51 9.98 Spray 3 .57 .042 . . 17 .03 .04 .02 2.57 2.83 Swathing 2.33 1 .400 1.60 .32 .34 .58 2.82 Combine 6 1 .120 .48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 5.77 .120 .30 .57 .87 Auger .094 .235 .035 .045 .32 Sub Total $23.28 Overhead (5% of Costs) 1.16 1.746 Hours Total 24.44 Source: B.C. Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Progress, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 19 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Progress Oats Miles Hours per per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Total A c t i v i t y Hour Times Acre Cost Cost Repairs Repairs Materials Cost Disc 3 2 .660 $2.64 $.52 $.55 $.48 $ 4.19 Harrow 5 2 .200 .80 . 16 . 17 .05 1. 18 Seeding & F e r t i l i z e r 6 1 . n o .44 .09 .09 .04 $7.30 7.96 Spray 3 .57 .042 .17 .03 .04 .02 2.57 2.83 Swathing 2 .33 1 .400 1.60 .32 .54 .58 2.82 Combining 6 1 . 120 .48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 6, .8 M 1 . 120 .30 .68 .98 Auger .094 .235 .035 .045 .32 Sub Total $21.37 Overhead (5% of Costs) 1.07 1.746 Hours Total $22.44 Source: B .C. Department of A; j r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Progress, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B .C. Department of A; j r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 20 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Progress Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Disc 3 2 .660 $2.64 $.52 $.35 $.48 $ 4.19 Harrow 5 2 .200 .80 . 16 . 17 .05 1.18 Spray 3 1 .074 .30 .06 .06 .04 $4.50 4.96 Seeding & F e r t i l i z e r 6 1 .110 .44 .09 .09 .04 4.25 4.91 Swathing 2.33 1 .400 1.60 .32 .54 .58 2.82 Combine 6 1 .120 .48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 6.8 M 1 .120 .30 .68 .98 Auger .094 .235 .035 .045 .32 Sub Total $20.45 Overhead (5% of Costs) 1.02 1.778 Hours Total $21.47 Source: B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Progress, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 21 Machinery Requirements for Crop Rotations Groundbirch Machinery ' Replacement Cost Acres Cost per Acre Fuel Costs per Hour Repair Costs per Hour Tractor - 70 HPD 10,400 480 21 .875 .96 1, ,05 Disc - 10' 1,500 480 3 .125 - , 72 Harrows - 4 Section 20' 500 480 1 .042 - ,24 SP Swathers - 12' 4,000 480 8 .333 .51 1, ,60 Mower 7' 900 240 3. . 75 - .54 Rake 800 240 3 .33 - ,32 Baler 2,800 240 11 .667 - .90 2 Wagons (@ 400) 800 480 1 .667 - , 16 Tractor - 50 HPD 7,000 480 14 .583 .69 , 70 Bale Elevator 700 240 2 .917 - , 14 F e r t i l i z e r Spreader 20' 200 480 .417 - .20 Spray Attach 45' 650 480 1 .354 - 52 Seeder Attach 200 480 .417 - , 17 Combine - 14' SP 15,000 240 62. ,50 1.00 4. 05 Auger 500 240 2, ,08 05 Truck - 2T 5,000 480 10. ,417 (lOc/mi) Total f or Rotations 1,2,3,4 = 149.47 Source: B.C. Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) 106 TABLE 22 Storage Requirements for Crop Rotations Groundbirch Rotation Expected Cost per Cost per Cost for Number Crop Y i e l d Unit Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 46 . 5 bus $ . 30 $13. ,85 Wheat 20 bus 30 6. ,00 Hay 6 Ton 10. 38 62. ,28 $82.13 2 Barley 46 . 5 bus 30 13. ,85 Oats 41 bus 30 12. ,30 Hay 6 Ton 10. 38 62. ,28 88.43 : 3 Barley 77 . 5 bus 30 23, ,25 Hay 6 Ton 10. 38 62. .28 85.53 4 Barley 46 . 5 bus 30 13, ,85 Rapeseed 13 .16 bus 30 3, ,95 Hay 6 Ton 10. 38 62, ,28 80.08 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971 Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4) TABLE 23 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Groundbirch Barley and E s t a b l i s h Brome-Alfalfa Miles Hours A c t i v i t y per Hour Times per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Discing 4.5 2 .440 1.54 .42 .46 .32 $ 2.74 Harrowing 5 2 .200 .70 .19 .21 .04 1.14 Seeding 1 .170 .60 .03 10.35 10.98 Swathing (12*) 4.5 .5 .085 .333 .049 .152 - - .53 Combine (14') 6 .5 .060 .21 .06 .24 - .51 Truck 2.85 M .5 .060 .12 .285 - .405 Auger .025 .05 .015 .005 - . 707 Sub Total $16,385 Overhead (5% of Costs) . 819 1.040 Hours To t a l $17.20 Source: B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 24 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Groundbirch Barley A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Disc 4 1/2 1 .220 .77 .21 .23 . 158 $ 1.36 Seed & Harrow 4 1/2 1 .110 .385 .106 .116 .045 5.25 5.902 Spray 3 .57 .036 .133 .036 .04 .02 2.57 2. 799 Swather (12') 4 1/2 1 . 19 .665 .097 0 .304 1.066 Combine (14') 6 1 . 120 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 M 1 .120 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .21 Sub Total 613.237 Overhead (5% of Costs) .663 .892 Total $13.90 Source: B.C. Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 25 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Groundbirch Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials Total Cost Disc 4 1/2 2 .4400 1.54 .42 .46 .32 $ 2.74 Harrowing & Seed 4 1/2 1 .1100 .39 .11 . 12 .05 9.40 10.07 Spray 2 1/2 1/4 .0375 ..1312 .036 .039 .0195 1. 17 1.40 Swather (12') 4 1/2 1 .1900 .665 .097 .304 0 1.07 Combine (14') 6 1 .1200 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Trucking 5.7 M 1 .1200 .24 .57 .81 Augering .0500 .10 .03 .01 . 19 Sub Total $17,310 Overhead (5% of Costs) .866 1.0675 Total > $18,176 Source: B.C. Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 26 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Groundbirch Oats A c t i v i t y Miles per Hour Times Hours per Acre Labour Cost Fuel Cost Tractor Repair Implement Repair Materials Total Cost Discing 4.5 2 .440 $1.54 $.42 $.46 $.32 - $ 2.74 C u l t i v a t i n g 4.5 1 . 166 .58 .159 . 17 . 12 - 1.03 Harrow 5 2 .200 .7 .192 .21 .048 - 1.15 Seed 1 .100 - - - .03 5.25 5.28 Spray 3 .57 .066 .23 .06 .069 .03 2.57 2.96 Swathing 4 1/2 1 .190 .665 .097 .304 - 1.07 Combine 6 1 .120 .42 . 12 - .486 - 1.03 Truck 6.8 . 120 .24 .68 - ,92 Auger .094 .329 .07 - .09 - .49 Sub Total $16.67 Overhead (5% of Costs) .83 1.496 Hours Total $17.50 Source: B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) TABLE 27 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Groundbirch Rapeseed Miles Hours per per Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Total A c t i v i t y Hour Times Acre Cost Cost Repair Repair Materials Cost Discing 4.5 2 .44 $1.54 $.42 $.46 $.32 _ $ 2.74 Spray 3 1 .11 .39 . 11 . 12 .06 $4.50 5. 18 Harrow & Seed 5 1 .11 .385 .01 . 116 .045 4.25 4.81 Swathing 4.5 1 .19 .665 .097 - .304 - 1.07 Combine 6 1 .12 .42 . 12 - .486 - 1.03 Truck 6.8 M 1 .12 .24 .68 - - - .92 Auger 1 .05 . 10 .03 .01 . 14 Sub Total $15.89 Overhead (5% of Costs) . 79 1.04 Hours Total $16.68 Source: B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Groundbirch, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats , Barley ( V i c t o r i a , 1969) 112 TABLE 28 Machinery Requirements f or Crop Rotations Sunset P r a i r i e Machinery Replacement Cost Acres Cost Per Acre Fuel Repair Costs/Hr. Costs/Hr. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Tractor 60 HPD $8400 480 $17.50 $ .794 $ .84 Cu l t i v a t o r ( l l 1 ) 1100 480 2.29 .53 Harrows (20') 400 480 .83 .19 Seeder Attach. 200 480 .41 .17 Fert. Spreader 200 480 .41 .20 Swather (12') 4000 480 8.33 .51 1.60 Baler 3000 240 12.50 .96 Stooker 200 240 .83 .06 Wagon 500 240 2.08 .10 Front End Loader (^ ) 500 240 2.08 .20 Spray Attach. (45') 650 480 1.354 .52 Combine (14'-SP) 15000 240 62.50 1.00 4.05 Auger 500 240 2.08 .05 Truck 2T 5000 480 10.417 (lOc/Mile) T o t a l for Rotations 1,2,3,4 $123.61 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , 'Sample Costs to  Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). 113 TABLE 29 Storage Requirements f o r Crop Rotations Sunset P r a i r i e Rotation Crop Expected Cost Cost Cost f o r Number Y i e l d Per Unit Per Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 46.5 bus $ .30 $13.85 • Wheat 20 bus .30 60.00 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 82.13 2 Barley 46.5 bus .30 • 13.85 Oats 41.0 bus .30 12.30 . Hay 6.0 ton 10.38 62.28 88.43 3 Barley 77.5 bus .30 23.25 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 85.53 4 • Barley 46.5 bus .30 13.85 Rapeseed 13.16 bus .30 3.95 Hay 6 ton 10.38 62.28 80.08 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E. Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4). TABLE 30 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Sunset P r a i r i e Barley and E s t a b l i s h Brome - A l f a l f a A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour, Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs Total Cost C u l t i v a t i n g hh 1 .20 $ .70 $ .16 $ .17 $ .11 $ 1.14 Harrowing 2 .22 .77 .18 119 .04 1.18 Seed & Fert. kh 1 .18 .63 .07 $9.08 9.78 Swathing 4% .5- .085 .333 .049 .152 .53 Combining 6 .5 .06 .21 .06 .24 .51 Truck 2.85 .06 .12 .285 .41 Auger .025 .05 .015 .005 .07 .830 hrs Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) T o t a l 13.62 .68 14.30 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). Barley, ( V i c t o r L ^ i g e g f f P e P a r t m e n t o f A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, TABLE 31 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Sunset P r a i r i e Barley on Fallow Land A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs Total Cost Harrowing 4% 1 •11 $ .38 $ .09 $ .095 $ .02 $ .59 • Seed & Fert. 4% 1 .18 .63 .14 .15 .07 $5.25 6.24 Spraying 4*2 1 .066 .23 .05 .06 .03 2.57 2.94 Swathing 4*2 1 .19 .665 .097 .304 1.07 Combining 6 1 .14 .49 .14 .57 1.20 Truck 6.8 1 .14 .28 .68 .96 Auger .094 .19 .07 .09 .35 .920 hrs Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) T o t a l 13.35 .67 14.02 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). i - 1 B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  B a r l e y , ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 32 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Sunset P r a i r i e . Barley on Stubble A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs T o t a l Cost C u l t i v a t i n g 4% 1 .20 $ .70 . $ .16 . $ .17 $ .11 $ 1.14 Harrowing 4% 2 .22 .77 .18 .19 .04 1.18 Seed & Fert. 1 .18 .63 .14 .15 .07 $5.25 6.24 Spraying 4*s .58 .066 .23 .05 - .06 .03 2.57 2.94 Swathing .19 .665 .097 .304 1.07 Combining 6 1 .14 .49 .14 .57 1.20 Trucking 6.8 1 .14 .28 .68 .96 Augering .094 .19 .07 .09 .35 1.230 hrs Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) Total 15.08 .75 15.83 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  B a r l e y , ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 33 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Sunset P r a i r i e Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs. Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost C u l t i v a t i n g 4% 1 .20 $ .70 $ .16 $ ,17 $ .11 $ 1.14 Harrowing 4% 2 .22 .77 .18 .19 .04 1.18 Seed & Fert. hh 1 .18 .63 .14 • .15 .07 $9.40 10.39 Spraying 2% h .038 .13 .03 .03 • .02 1.17 1.38 Swathing 4% l .19 .665 .097 .304 1.07 Combining 6 l .14 .49 .14 .57 1.20 . Truck 5.7 l .14 .28 .57 .85 Auger .094 .19 r°3 .01 .23 17.44 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .87 1.232 hrs. T o t a l 18.31 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE-34 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs. Sunset P r a i r i e Oats A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs To t a l Cost C u l t i v a t i n g 1 .20 . $ .70 . $ .16 $ .17 $ .11 $ 1.14 Harrowing 2 .22 - .77 .18 .19 .04 • 1.18 Seed & Fert. 1 .18 .63 .14 .15 .07- $7.30 8.29 Spraying 2k .57 .086 .30 .07 .07 .05 2.57 3.06 Swathing 4% 1 .19 .665 .097 .304 1,07 Combining 6 1 .14 .49 .14 •57 1.20 . Truck 6.8 1 .14 .28 .68 .96 Auger. .094 .19 .03 .01 .23 1.250 hrs Overhead ( [57o of Cash Costs) T o t a l 17.13 .86 17.99 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 35 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Sunset P r a i r i e Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs . Repairs Repairs Cost C u l t i v a t i n g 4Js 1 .20 $ .70 $ .16 $ .17 $ .11 $ 1.14 Harrowing 4% 2 .22 .77 .18 .19 .04 1.18 Spraying 3 1 .11 .39 • .09 .09 .06 $4.50 5.13 Seed & Fert. 4% 1 .18 .63 .14 •15 .07 4.25 . 5.24 -Swathing 4% 1 .19 .665 .097, .304 1.07 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 .12 .486 1.03 Truck 6.8 1 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .05 .10 .03 .01 .14 15.85 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .79 1.19 hrs. T o t a l 16.64 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Sunset P r a i r i e , ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). 120 TABLE 36 Machinery Requirements for Crop Rotations Baldonnel - Two Rivers Machinery Replacement Acres Cost Cost Fuel Per Acre Costs/Hr. Repair Costs/Hf Rotations Used (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Tractor 70 HPD $9000 480 $18.75 $ .89 $ .90 1,2,3,4 Swather (15'-SP) 5000 480 10.41 .62 2.00 1,2,3,4 Disc (10*) 1500 480 3.12 .72 1,2,3,4 Harrows (20') 500 480 1.04 .24 1,2,3,4 Seeder Attach. 300 480 .62 .25 1,2,3,4 Fert. Spreader 200 480 .41 .20 1,2,3,4 Mower (7') 900 480 1.87 .56 4 Rake 800 480 1.66 .32 4 Baler 3000 480 6.25 .96 4 Bale Stooker 350 480 .72 .07 , 4 Wagons (2) 800 480 1.66 .16 4 Bale Elevator 200 480 • 41 .04 4 Combine (14*-SP) 15000 480 31.25 1.00 4.05 1,2,3 Auger 500 480 1.04 .05 1,2,3 Truck 5000 480 10.41 (10c/Mile) 1,2,3 Rotations 1,2,3 = $77. 05/acre Rotation 4 = $46. 92/acre Sources: Bri t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Baldonnel -Two Rivers, (Victoria, 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs.to  Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, (Victoria, 1969). TABLE 37 121 Storage Requirements f or Crop Rotations Baldonnel -r Two Rivers Rotation Crop Expected Cost Cost Cost f o r Number Y i e l d Per Unit Per Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 132 bus $ .30 $39.60 Oats 56 bus .30 16.80 56.40 2 Barley 88 bus .30 26.40 Oats 56 bus .30 16.80 Rapeseed 18.58 bus .30 5.57 48.77 3 Barley 88 bus .30 26.40 Oats 112 bus .30 33.60 60.00 4 Hay 6.5 ton 10.38 67.47 67.47 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E. Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4). TABLE 38 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Baldonnel - Two Rivers Barley Underseeded to A l s i k e Clover A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre . Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $3.30 $ .59 $ .59 $ .48 $ 4.96 Harrowing 5 2 .20 1.00 .18 .18 .05 1.41 Seed & Fert. 1 .12 - .60 .11 .05 • $6.25 7.12 Swathing 2 1 .53 1.65 .20 .66 2.51 Combining 6 1 .12 .60 .12 .49 1.21 Truck 6.8 1 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 •27 18.40 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .92 1.644 hrs. 19.32 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Baldonnel - Two Rivers, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). r o B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, M Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 39 Per Acre Activity Requirements and Costs Baldonnel - Two Rivers Als i k e Clover Seed A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs T o t a l Cost Swathing 3.5 1 .19 $ .95 $ .12 $ .38 $ 1.45 Combining 2 1 .36 1.79 .36 1.45 • 3.60 Trucking 6.8 .36 .72 .68 1.40 Augering .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 6.72 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .34 1.004 hrs. 7.06 Source: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, September 21, 1971. TABLE 40 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Baldonnel - Two Rivers Barley A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials Total Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $3.30 . $ -5? - • $ .59 • $ .48 $ 4.96 Harrowing 5 2 .20 1.00 .18 .18 .05 1.41 Seed & Fert. 5 1 .12 .60 .11 .11 .05 $7.30. 8.17 Swathing 2 1 .53 1.65 - .20 . .66 2.51 Combining 6 1 .12 .60 .12 .49 1.21 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 18.24-Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .91 1.844 hrs. T o t a l 19.15 . Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs.to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Baldonnel - Two Rivers, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs i o Produce Wheat, Oats, fo Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). " : ~ ; ^ TABLE 41 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Baldonnel - Two Rivers Oats A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour' Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs . Repairs Repairs Cost Disc i n g 3 2 .66 $3.30. $ .59 , $ .59 $ .48 . $ 4.96 Harrowing 5 2 .20 1.00 .18 .18 .05 . 1.41 Seed & Fert. 5 1 .12 .60 .11 .11 .05 $2,50 + 2.57 5.94 Swathing 2 1 .53 1.65 .20 .66 . 2.51 Comb ini n g 6 1 .12 .60 .12 .49 1.21 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 1 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 16.01 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .80 1.844 hrs. 16.81 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Baldonnel - Two Rivers, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 42 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Baldonnel - Two Rivers Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs T o t a l Cost Discing 3 2 .66 .20 $3.30 $ .59 $ .59 $ .48 $ 4.96 Harrowing 5 2 1.00 .18 .18 .05 1.41 Spraying 3 1 .11 . .55 J .10 .10 .05 $4.50 5.30 Seed & Fert 4 1 .12 .60 .11 .11 .05 • $2.75 + 1.50 5.12 Swathing 2 1 .53 1.65 .20 .66 2.51 Combining. 6 1 .12 .60 .12 .49 1.21 Trucking 6.8 1 .12 .24 .68 • .92 Augering .094 .188 1 .035 . 045 .27 1.954 hrs Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) T o t a l 21.70 1.09 22.79 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs, to Produce A l f a l f a H a y -Baldonnel - .Two Rivers, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 43 127 Machinery Requirements f o r Crop Rotations C e c i l Lake Replacement' Acres Cost Fuel Repair Rotations Machinery Cost Per Acre Costs/Hr. Costs/Hr. Used (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) <7) Tractor 60 HPD $8900 480 $17.50 $ .79 $ .84 1,2,3,4 Disc (10') 1500 480 3.12 •72 1,2,3,4 Harrows (20') 500 480 1.04 .24 1,2,3,4 Seeder Attach. 200 480 .41 .17 1,2,3,4 Fert. Spreader (20') 200 480 .41 .20 1,2,3,4 Swather (15'-PT0) 3600 480 7.50 1.44 1,2,3,4 Rake 700 480 1.45 . .28 4 Baler 3000 480 6.25 .96 4 Stooker 200 480 .41 .06 4 Wagon 400 480 .83 .08 4 • Combine (14'-SP) 15000 480 31.25 1.00 4.05 1,2,3 Auger 500 480 1.04 .05 1,2,3 Truck 5000 480 10.41 (lOc/Mile) 1,2,3 Rotations 1,2,3 = $72-68 Rotation 4 = $38.92 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay - C e c i l Lake, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to  Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). Rotation Number TABLE 44 Storage Requirements f o r Crop Rotations, C e c i l Lake Crop 128 Expected Cost Cost Cost for Y i e l d Per Unit Per Crop Rotation (1) (2) Barley Oats (3) 102 bus 46 bus (4) $ .30 .30 $30.60 13.80 (6) $43.40 Barley 68 bus Oats 46 bus Rapeseed 14*4 bus .30 .30 .30 20.40 13.80 4.32 38.52 Barley Oats 68 bus 92 bus .30 .30 20.40 27.60 48.00 Hay 4 ton 10.38 41.52 41.52 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E. Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20,, 1971. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4). TABLE 45 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs C e c i l Lake Barley Underseeded to Als i k e Clover A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $ .52 $ .74 $ .48 $ 4.05 . Harrowing 5 3 .30 1.05 .24 .25 • .07 1.61 Seed & Fert. 4 . 1 .21 .74 .17 .18 .08 $6.25 7.42 Swathing 3 1 .25 .88 .20 .21 .36 1.65 . Combining 6 1 .12 .42 • 12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .025 - .27 16.95 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) , .85 1.754 hrs. T o t a l 17.80 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -C e c i l Lake,(Victoria, 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 46 Per A c r e , A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs C e c i l Lake Alsike Clover. Seed A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre' Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs T o t a l Cost Swathing 3.5 1 •19 $ .67 $ .15 $ .16 $ .27 $ 1.25 Combining 2 1 .36 1.26 .36 1.45 3.07 Truck 6.87 .36 .72 .68 1.40 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 5.99 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .30 1.004 T o t a l 6.29 Source: Statement by J. Dobb, personal interview, September 21, 1971. TABLE 47 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs C e c i l Lake Oats A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs Total Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 . $ .52 $ .74 - $ .48 • $ 4.05 Harrowing 5 3 .30 1.05 .24 .25 .07. 1.61 Seed & Fert. 4 1 .21 .74 .17 .18 .08 $5.07 6.24 . Swathing 3 1 .25 .88 • .20 .21 .36 1.65 Combining 6 1 .12 . -.42 .12 .49 • 1.03 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 .68 •92 Auger .094 ,188 .035 .025 .27 1.744 hrs. Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) T o t a l 15.77 .79 16.56 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay  C e c i l Lake, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs, to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 48 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs C e c i l Lake Barley A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs Total Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $ .52 $ .74 • $ .48 $ 4.05 Harrowing 5 3 .30 1.05 .24 .25 .07 1.61 Seed & Fert. 4 1 .21 .74 .17 .18 .08 $4.80. 8.47 Swathing 3 1 .25 . .88 .20 .21 .36 1.65 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 .12 1.03 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .27 Overhead ( [5% of Cash Costs) 18.00 .90 1.744 hrs. T o t a l 18.90 . Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - C e c i l Lake, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 49 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs C e c i l Lake Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $ .52 $ .74 ,$ .48 $ 4.05 Harrowing 5 2 .30 1.05 .24 . • 25 .07 1.61 ^Spraying 3 1 .14 • .39 .09 .09 .05 • $4.50 5.12 Seed & Fert. 4 1 .21 . .74 .17 .18 .08 -. 4.25 5.42 Swathing 3 1 .25 .88 .20 .21 .36 1.65 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 .12 .49 , 1.03 Truck .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger. . 094 • .188 .035 . 045 .27 20.07 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.00 1.864 hrs. Total. 21.07 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - C e c i l Lake, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 50 134 Machinery Requirements for Crop Rotations Montenay Machinery Replacement Cost Acres Cost Per Acre Fuel Costs/Hr. Repair Costs/Hr. Rotations Used (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Tractor 50 HPD $6000 480 $12.50 $ .57 $ .60 1,2,3,4 Disc (10*) 1500 480 3.12 .72 1,2,3,4 Harrows (20 ' ) 500 480 1.04 .24 1,2,3,4 Seeder Attach. 400 480 .83 .33 1,2,3,4 Swather (12'-SP) 5000 480 10.41 .50 2.00 1,2,3,4 Fert. Spreader (20 ' ) 200 480 .417 .20 . 1,2,3,4 Sprayer (45') 650 480 1.354 .52 1,2,3,4 Rake 700 480 .41 .28 4 Baler (PTO) 3000 480 1.45 .96 4 Bale Stooker 250 480 .52 .05 4 Wagon 400 480 .83 .08 4 Bale Elevator 300 480 .62 .06 4 Combine (14'-SP) 15000 480 31.20 1.00 4.05 . 1,2,3 Auger 500 480 1.04 .05 1,2,3 Truck 5000 480 10.41 (10c/Mile) 1,2,3 Taxes = $2.00/acre Sources: British Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Montenay, (Victoria, 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to  Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, (Victoria, 1969). TABLE 51 135 Storage Requirements f o r Crop Rotations Montenay Rotation Crop Expected Cost Cost Cost f o r Number Y i e l d Per Unit Per Crop Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Wheat 116 bus $ .30 $34.80. Barley 46 bus .30 13.80 $48.60 2 Barley 46 bus .30 13.80 Wheat 87 bus .30 26.10 Rapeseed 19.5 bus .30 5.85 45.75 3 Barley 92 bus .30 27.60 Wheat 58 bus .30 17.40 Rapeseed 19.5 bus .30 5.85 50.85 4 Hay 4 ton. 10.38 41.52 41.52 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E. Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4). TABLE 52 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Montenay Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles Times. Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs . Cost Discing 2k 2 .80 $3.20 $ .46'. $ .48 $ .58 $ 4.72 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .80 .11 .12 .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 .07 .28 .04 • .04 .04 $7.56 7.96 Spraying 3 .57 .066 •26 .04 .04 .03 2.57 2.94 Swathing 2 1 .42 • 1.68 • .21 .84 2.73 Combining 6 1 .12 .48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 5.7 • 12 .30 ^1 .87 Auger .094 .24 .035 .045 .33 21.72 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.07 1.820 hrs. T o t a l 22.81 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Montenay, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 53 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Montenay Barley A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Discing 2k 2 .80 $3.20. $ .46 . $ .48 $ .58 $ 4.72 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .80 41 .12 - .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 .07 .28 .04 .04 .04 $2.50 + 4.80 7.70 . Spraying 3 .5? , .066 .26 .04 .04 .03 2.57 2.94 • Swathing 2 1. .42 1.68 .21 .84 2.73 Combining 6 1 .12 .48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 6.8 .12 .30 • .68 .98 Auger .094 .24 .035 .045 .33 21.57 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) 1.08 1.890 hrs. T o t a l 22.65 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Montenay,, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) . B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  B a r l e y , . ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE- .54 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Montenay Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs Cost Disci n g 2*2 2 .80 $3.20 $ .46 $ .48 $ .58 $ 4.72 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .80 .11 .12 .05 1.08 Spraying 3 1 .11 .44 .06 .07 .06 $4.50 . 5.13 • Seed & Fert. 6 1 .07 .28 .04 .04 .04 2.75 +1.50. 4.65 Swathing 2 1 .42 1.68 .21 . .89 2.73 Combining 6 1 .12 • •48 .12 .49 1.09 Truck 6.8 .12 .30 .68 .98 Auger .094 .24 .035 .045 .33 20.71 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .1.04 1.934 hrs. T o t a l 21.75 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Montenay, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 55 139 Machinery Requirements f o r Crop Rotations Halfway River Machinery Replacement Cost Acres Cost Per Acre" Fuel Repair Costs/Hr. Costs/Hr. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Tractor 60 HPD $8400 480 $17.50 $ .79 $ .84 Disc (10') 1500 480 3.12 .72 Harrows (20') 500 480 1.04 .24 Seeder 200 480 .41 .17 Swather (12'-PT0) 3600 480 7.50 1.44 Baler 3000 240 12.50 .96 Stooker 200 240 .83 .06 Wagon 500 240 2.08 .10 Elevator 500 240 2.08 .10 Front End Loader (h) 500 240 2.08 .12 Sprayer (50') 650 480 1.354 .52 Combine (14 1-SP) 15000 240 62.50 1.00 4.05 Auger 500 240 2.08 • .05 Truck 5000 480 10.417 (IOC/Mile) T o t a l f o r A l l Rotations $125.50 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs, to  Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to  Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). 140 TABLE 56 Storage Requirements f o r Crop Rotations Halfway River Rotation Number Crop Expected Y i e l d Cost Per Unit Cost Per Crop Cost f o r Rotation (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1 Barley 40.5 bus $ .30 $12.15 Wheat 16 bus .30 4.80 Hay 9 ton 10.38 93.42 $110.37 2 Barley 40.5 bus .30 12.15 Oats 34 bus .30 10.20 Hay 9 ton 10.38 93.42 115.77 3 Barley 67.5 bus. .30 20.25 Hay 9 ton 10.38 93.42 113.67 4 Barley 40.5 bus .30 12.15 Rape seed 11.46 bus .30 3.44 Hay 9 ton 10.38 93.42 109.01 Sources: Column 3: See Appendix E. Column 4: Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 20, 1971. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4). TABLE 57 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Barley and Establishment of Brome A l f a l f a A c t i v i t y Miles Times Hours Labour Fuel Tractor Implement Materials T o t a l Per Hour Per Acre Costs Costs Repairs Repairs . Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $ .52 $ .55 $ .48 $ 3.86 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .70 .16 . .17 .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 .11 .39 , .09 .09 .02 $7.84 6.59 Swathing 4 .5" .125 .438 .10 . .105 .09 .73 Combining 6 .5 .06 .21 .06 • 24 .51 Truck 2.85 .06 .12 .285 .41 Auger .025 .05 .015 .005 .07 13.25 . Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .66 1.240 hrs. T o t a l 13.92 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway.River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 58 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Barley on Summer Fallow A c t i v i t y , Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per. Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Materials Repairs Total Cost Discing 3 1 .33 $1,155 $ .26 $ .275 $ .24 $ 1.93 Harrowing 5 1 .10 .35 .08 .085 .025 .54 Seed & Fert. 6 , 1 •11 .39 .09 .09 .02 $5.25 5.84 Spraying 3 • 57 .066 ,231 .05 .055 .034 2.57 2.94 Swathing 4 1 .25 .875 .20 •21 .18 • 1.46 . Comb i n i n g 6 1 .12 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 1 .12 • 24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 •27 . 1.190 hrs Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) T o t a l 14.93 .75 15.68 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agr i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). £ B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 59 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Barley on Stubble A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost Discing 3 2 .66 $2.31 $ .52 • $ .55 $ .48 $ 3.86 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .70 .16 .17 .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 .11 .39 .09 .09 .02 $2.50 + 4.80 . 7.89 Spraying 3 • 57 .066 .231 .05 .055 .034 2.57 2.94 Swathing 4 1 .25 .875 .20 .21 .18 1.46 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 • 1 2 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 • .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs 19.45 .97 1.720 T o t a l 20.42 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway.River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, i o Barley, (Victoria, 1969). TABLE 60 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Wheat A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs •.. Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost Disci n g 3 2 .660 $2.31 $ .52 , $ ,55 • $ .48 $ 3.86 Harrowing 5 2 .20 .70 .16 . • 17 .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 • 11 .39 • .09 .09 .02 $2.62 + 4.80 8.01 Spraying 3 .157 .066 .231 .05 .055 .034 2.57 2.94 Swathing 4 1 .250 .875 .20 . .21 .18 1.46 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Truck 5.7 1 .12 .24 .57 .81 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 19.46 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .97 1.620 hrs. T o t a l 20.43 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, £ Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). ^ TABLE 61 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Oats A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel. Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost Discing 3 2 .66 . $2.31 $ .52 $ .55 $ .48 $ 3.86 Harrowing 5 2 .20. .70 .16 • 1 7 .05 1.08 Seed & Fert. 6 1 .11 .39 .09 .09 • .02 $2.50 + 4.80 7.89 Spraying 3 .57 .066 .23 .05 .06 .03 2.57 2.94 Swathing 4 1 .25 . 875 .20 .21 . .18 1.46 Combining 6 1 .12 .42 . .12 ,49 1.03 Truck 6.8 1 .12 .24 .68 .92 & Auger Overhead (5% Of Cash Costs) 19.18 .96 1.526 hrs. T o t a l 20.14 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats,  Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). TABLE 62 Per Acre A c t i v i t y Requirements and Costs Halfway River Rapeseed A c t i v i t y Miles Per Hour Times Hours Per Acre Labour Costs Fuel Costs Tractor Repairs Implement Repairs Materials T o t a l Cost Discing 3 2 . .66 $2.31 $ .52 $ .55. $ .48 $ 3.86 Spraying 3 1 .11 .39 .09 .09 .06 $4.50 5.13 Harrow & Seed 6 1 .11 .39 .09 .09 .02 2.75 +1.50 5,65 Swathing 4 1 .25 .875 .20 .21 .18 • 1.46 . Combining 6 1 • 12 .42 .12 .49 1.03 Truck 6.8 .12 .24 .68 .92 Auger .094 .188 .035 .045 .27 18.22 Overhead (5% of Cash Costs) .91 1.464 hrs. T o t a l 19.31 Sources: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agri c u l t u r e , Sample Costs, to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Halfway - River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). : . • r - 1 B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce Wheat, Oats, Barley, ( V i c t o r i a , 1969). 147 TABLE 63 Per Head C a p i t a l Requirements Cow-Calf and Cow Yearling A l l D i s t r i c t s Item Cow-Calf Cow-Yearling Cow $240.00 $240.00 Replacement Heifer 60.00 60.00 B u l l 24.00 24.00 Sub t o t a l Livestock $324.00 $324.00 Buildings 92.38 117.38 Equipment 34.70 49.93 Total $451.08 $491.31 Source: "Enterprise Budgets f or 3 Cow-Calf Systems", The Grain Grower, (Winnipeg: The UnLted Grain Growers Ltd., 1969), p.420.818. 148 TABLE 64 Per Head C a p i t a l Requirements Feeder 1 - 4 A l l D i s t r i c t s A c t i v i t y Item Size Price Cost (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Feeder 1 Hay Storage 2.6006 sq. f t . $1.20/sq.ft. $ 3.12 Grain Storage 3 53.74 bus. .30/bus 16.12 B u i l d i n g s 3 25 s q . f t . 1.75/sq.ft. 43'. 75 [ Equipment^ - - 17.02 Total 80.00 Feeder 2 Hay Storage 3 2.4981 sq. f t . 1.20/sq.ft. 3.00 Silage Storage 1.6662 Ton 1540/350 Ton 5.13 B u i l d i n g s 3 25 s q . f t . 1.75/sq.ft. 43. 75 Equipment*3 17.02 Total 68.90 Feeder 3 Hay Storage 3 2.5492 sq. f t . 1.20/sq.ft. 3.06 Grain Storage 3 38.50 bus .30/bus 11.55 B u i l d i n g s 3 25 s q . f t . 1.75/sq.ft. 43. 75 Equipment*3 17.02 To t a l 75.38 Feeder 4 Hay Storage 2.5492 sq. f t . 1.20/sq.ft. 3.06 Grain Storage 3 42 bus .30/bus 12.60 B u i l d i n g s 3 25 s q . f t . 1.75/sq.ft. 43.75 Equipment'3 17.02 Total 76.43 Source: Columns 2-4 3Statement by Gary Wendel, personal interview, September 19. b"Equipment Costs for D i f f e r e n t Size Cattle Feedlots", The Grain Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Growers Limited, 1965) p.420.824. Column 5: Column (3) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (4) 149 TABLE 65 Per Head Feed Input Costs Feeder 1 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley Rapeseed Hay Minerals Vitamins Starter Hay Feed Costs (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 1951 37. ,839 9. ,54 3 .213 2 .57 2, ,80 55.962 1952 34. ,842 9. ,54 3 .2.13 2 .57 2. .80 52.965 1953 28, .099 9. ,54 3 .213 2 .57 2, .80 46.222 1954 30. ,346 9. 54 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 48.467 1955 29. ,597 9. 54 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 47. 72 1956 26. ,974 8. 18 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 43.737 1957 25. .850 7. 20 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 41.633 1958 26, ,225 6. 00 3 .213 2 .57 2, ,80 40.808 1959 25. ,476 9. 61 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 43.669 1960 28. ,098 7. 926 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 44.607 1961 35. ,966 8. 887 3 .213 2 .57 2. .80 53.436 1962 31. ,845 10. 165 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 50.593 1963 33. ,343 12. 202 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 54.128 1964 36. , 715 13. 211 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 58.509 1965 37. ,464 12. 010 3 .213 2 .57 2. ,80 58.057 Sources: Column 2: 1.0055 Ton x .95 x Price of Barley Column 3: .1249 Ton x Price of Rapeseed Columns 4,5,6: B.C. Vocational School, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report, 1970-1971, Beef Feeding Demonstration (Dawson Creek, 1971) Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6. 150 TABLE 66 Per Head Feed Input Costs Feeder 2 A l l D i s t r i c t s Protein Minerals Starter Year Barley Hay Supplement Vitamins Hay Total. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 1951 39.262 2.976 7, .735 2, .57 2.8 53.343 1952 36.152 2.976 7. 735 2. ,57 2.8 52.233 1953 29.155 2.976 7. , 735 2, .57 2.8 45.236 1954 31.487 2.976 ' 7. ,735 2, ,57 2.8 47.568 1955 30.710 2.976 7. , 735 2, ,57 2.8 46.791 1956 27.989 2.976 7. ,735 2, ,57 2.8 44.070 1957 26.823 2.976 7. ,735 2. .57 2.8 42.904 1958 27.211 2.976 7. ,735 2. ,57 2.8 43.292 1959 26.434 2.976 7. ,735 2. ,57 2.8 42.515 1960 29.155 2.976 7. , 735 2. ,57 2.8 45.236 1961 37.318 2.976 7. ,735 2, ,57 2.8 53.399 1962 33.042 2.976 7. ,735 . 2, ,57 2.8 49.123 1963 34.597 2.976 7. ,735 2, ,57 2.8 50.678 1964 38.096 2.976 7. ,735 2, ,57 2.8 54.177 1965 38.873 2.976 7. 735 2. ,57 2.8 54.954 Sources: Column 2: 1.1662 Ton x .85 x Price of Barley Columns 3-6: B.C. Vocational School, B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report, 1970-1971,  Beef Feeding Demonstration (Dawson Creek, 1971) Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 151 TABLE 67 Per Head Feed Input Costs Feeder 3 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley Hay Protein Supplement Minerals Vitamins Starter Hay Total (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 1951 38 .887 3.094 9 .52 2, .57 2 .80 56.872 1952 35 .807 3.094 9. .52 2. .57 2 .80 53.792 1953 28 .876 3.094 9. .52 2. ,57 2 .80 46.861 1954 31 .187 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 49.172 1955 30 .417 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 48.402 1956 27 .721 3.094 9 .52 2. .57 2 .80 45.706 1957 26 .566 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 44.551 1958 26 .951 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 44.936 1959 26 .181 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 •2 .80 44.166 1960 28 .876 3.094 9 .52 2. .57 2 .80 46.861 1961 36 .962 3.094 9 .52 2. .57 2 .80 54.947 1962 32 .727 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 50.712 1963 34 .267 3.094 9 .52 2, ,57 2 .80 52.252 1964 37 . 732 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 55.717 1965 38 .502 3.094 9 .52 2. ,57 2 .80 56.487 Sources: Column 2: .9818 Tons x Price of Barley Columns 3-6: B.C. Vocational School, B.C. Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report, 1970-1971, Beef Feeding Demonstration (Dawson Creek, 1971) Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 152 TABLE 68 Per Head Feed Input Costs Feeding 4 A l l D i s t r i c t s Protein Minerals Starter Year Barley Hay Supplement Vitamins Hay Total (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) ( ?) 1951 46. , 104 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 64.093 1952 43. ,344 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 60.733 1953 35. ,784 3.094 , 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 53.173 1954 38. ,304 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 55.693 1955 37. ,464 3.094 8.925 c 2. ,57 2. ,80 54.853 1956 34. ,524 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 51.913 1957 33. ,264 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 ' 50.653 1958 33. .684 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 51.073 1959 32. ,844 3.094 8.925 2, ,57 2. ,80 50.233 1960 35. ,784 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. .80 53.173 1961 44. ,604 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 61.993 1962 39. ,984 3.094 8.925 2. 57 2. ,80 57.373 1963 41. ,664 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 59.053 1964 45. ,445 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 62.833 1965 46. ,284 3.094 8.925 2. ,57 2. ,80 63.673 Source: Column 2: 1.071 Ton x Price of Barley Columns 3-6: B.C. Vocational School, B.C. Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report, 1970-1971,  Beef Feeding Demonstration (Dawson Creek, 1971) Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 153 TABLE 69 Per Head Cap i t a l Requirements Pastured Beef A l l D i s t r i c t s T otal Cost per Acres — . Cost per D i s t r i c t Item Cost Cost Acre per Head Head (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) R o l l a - Tractor $7,000 Boundary Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 200 Fert. Spr. 200 $ 9,400 $19.58 1.1806 $23.12 Doe River Tractor 9,800 Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 300 Fer t . Spr. 200 Progress Tractor 8,400 Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 200 Fert. Spr. 200 Groundbirch Tractor 9,800 Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 200 Fer t . Spr. 200 Sunset Tractor 8,400 P r a i r i e C u l t i v a t o r 1,100 Harrows 400 Seeder 200 Fert. Spr. 200 Baldonnel Tractor 9,000 Two Rivers Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 300 Fer t . Spr. 200 12,300 25.625 1.1806 30.23 10,800 22.50 1.4759 33.21 12,900 26.875 1.4759 39.66 10,300 21.438 1.4759 31.67 11,500 23.96 2.3614 56.57 154 TABLE 69 (Continued) Total Cost per Acres Cost per D i s t r i c t Item Cost • Cost Acre per head Head (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) C e c i l Lake Tractor 8,400 Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 200 Fert. Spr. 200 10,800 22.50 2.9519 66.42 Montenay Tractor 6,000 Disc : 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 400 Fe r t . Spr. 200 8,600 17.91 2.9519 52.89 Halfway Tractor 8,400 River Disc 1,500 Harrows 500 Seeder 200 Fert. Spr. 200 10,800 22.50 .9839 22.13 Sources: Columns 2,3: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 4: Sub t o t a l of Column (3) Column 5: Column (4) divided by 480 acres Column 6 1.25 x 2.36 Tons x Y i e l d (Tons per Acre) (Appendix E) Column 7: Column (5) m u l t i p l i e d by Column (6) 155 TABLE 70 Per Head Pasture Costs Pastured Beef A l l D i s t r i c t s Hay Equivalent Hay Hay Pasture D i s t r i c t Required Y i e l d Cost Cost (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) R o l l a -Boundary 2.36 Ton 2.5 Ton $40.49 $38.22 Doe River 2.36 2.5 21.42 20.23 Progress 2.36 2 27.03 31.90 Groundbirch 2.36 2 28.63 33.80 Sunset P r a i r i e 2.36 2 20.55 24.26 Baldonnel-Two Rivers 2.36 1.25 20.07 37.92 C e c i l Lake 2.36 1 16.17 38. 19 Montenay 2.36 1 16.71 39.46 Halfway River 2.36 3 22.53 33.80 Sources: Column 2: Statement by Ken Dawley, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 3,4: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay (Standing Crop), ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 5: Column (2) times Column (4) divided by Column (3). TABLE 71 Per Ewe C a p i t a l Requirement Confinement Sheep and Conventional Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Item Confinement Sheep Conventional Sheep Buildings and Equipment $32.20 $25.00 Ewes 25.00 25.00 Rams 1.88 1.88 Total $59.08 $51.88 Source: Alb e r t a Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sheep Production: Budgets - 1970, by V.M. Gleddie , ( Edmonton : Pu b l i c a t i o n 430-90, 1970) p.3 157 TABLE 72 Per Ewe Ration Requirements Starter Ration Confinement Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley Wheat Other Tot a l Cost (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 1951 1.348 .8859 1.128 3.362 1952 1.242 .8697 1. 128 3.'240 1953 1.001 .724 1.128 2.853 1954 1.081 . 761 1.128 2.97 1955 1.055 . 726 1.128 2.909 1956 .961 . 715 1.128 2.804 1957 .921 . 725 1.128 2.774 1958 .935 . 718 1.128 2. 781 1959 .908 .736 1.128 2. 772 1960 1.001 .859 1.128 2.988 1961 1.282 .937 1.128 3.347 1962 1.135 .899 1.128 3.162 1963 1.188 .951 1.128 3.267 1964 1.308 .881 1.128 3.317 1965 1.335 .932 1.128 3.395 Source: Column 2: Barley = 64.09 l b . x bus/48 lb x price of barley Column 3: Wheat = 32.413 l b . x bus/60 lb x price of wheat Column 4: Alberta Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report  on Confinement Sheep Production ( Edmonton : Pub l i c a t i o n No. 430-23-1, 1970) p.9 158 TABLE 73 Per Ewe Ration Requirements F i n i s h i n g Ration Confinement Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley P e l l e t s Total Cost (1) (2) (3) (4) 1951 7.00 1. 75 8. 75 1952 6.44 1.75 8.19 1953 5.20 - 1.75 6.95 1954 5.61 1.75 7.36 1955 5.47 1. 75 7.22 1956 4.99 1. 75 6. 74 1957 4.78 1. 75 6.53 1958 9.85 1.75 6.60 1959 4.71 1.75 6.46 1960 5.20 1.75 6.95 1961 6.65 1. 75 8.40 1962 5.89 1.75 7.64 1963 6.17 1.75 7.92 1964 6.79 1.75 8.54 1965 6.93 1.75 8.68 Source: Column 2: Barley = . 91 x 365.4 lb x bus/48 lb x price of Barley. Column 3: A l b e r t a Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Progress Report  on Confinement Sheep Production, ( Edmonton : Pub l i c a t i o n No. 430-23-1, 1970) p.15 TABLE 74 Per Ewe Feed Requirements Confinement Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Ewe Ewe Lamb Lamb Year Grain Hay and Straw Starter F i n i s h Total Cost (1) (2) (3) (A) (5) (6) 1951 7.78 11 89 3 .36 8 . 75 31. 78 1952 7.16 11. 89 3 .24 8 . 19 30. 48 1953 5.78 11. 89 2 .85 6 .95 ' 27. 47 1954 6.28 11. 89 2 .97 7 .36 28. 50 1955 6.09 11. 89 2 .91 7 .22 28. 11 1956 5.55 11. 89 2 .80 6 . 74 26. 98 1957 5.32 11. 89 2 .77 6 .53 26. 51 1958 5.39 11. 89 2 . 78 6 .60 26. 66 1959 5.24 11 89 2 .77 6 .46 26. 36 1960 5.78 11 89 2 .99 6 ;95 27. 61 1961 7.39 11. 89 3 .35 8 .40 31. 03 1962 6.55 11. 89 3 .16 7 .64 29. 24 1963 6.86 11. 89 3 .27 7 .92 29. 94 1964 7.55 11. 89 3 .32 8 .54 31. 30 1965 7.70 11. 89 3 .40 8 .68 31. 67 Source: Column 2: Column 3: Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 369.75 lb x bus/48 lb x price of Barley Hay: 1123 lb x Ton/2000 lb x $20/Ton = 11.22 Straw: 268 lb x Ton/2000 lb x $5/Ton = .67 Table 72 Table 73 Sum of Columns 2-5. 160 TABLE 75 Per Hog Sow Feed Requirements Farrow to F i n i s h Swine A l l D i s t r i c t s 35% A l f a l f a T otal Feed Cost Year Barley Wheat Oats Supp. Meal Bran Feed Per Hog (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 39.12 3.51 7.88 12.42 12.99 1.46 77.38 4.83 1952 36.02 3.45 6.75 12.42 12.99 1.46 73.09 4.56 1953 29.05 2.87 6.48 12.42 12.99 1.46 65.27 4.07 1954 31.37 3.01 7.09 12.42 12.99 1.46 68.34 4.27 1955 30.60 2.87 7.09 12.42 12.99 1.46 67.43 4.21 1956 27.89 2.83 5.71 12.42 12.99 U46 63.30 3.95 1957 26.73 2.87 5.47 12.42 12.99 1.46 61.94 3.87 1958 27.11 2.85 6.11 12.42 12.99 1.46 62.94 3.93 1959 26.34 2.91 7.05 12.42 12.99 1.46 63.17 3.94 1960 27.05 3.40 6.87 12.42 12.99 1.46 66.19 4.13 1961 37.18 3.71 7.28 12.42 12.99 1.46 75.04 4.69 1962 32.92 3.56 6.67 12.42 12.99 1.46 70.02 4.37 1963 34.47 3. 77 6.33 12.42 12.99 1.46 71.44 4.96 1964 37.96 3.49 7.33 12.42 12.99 1.46 75.65 4.72 1965 38.73 3.69 8.19 12.42 12.99 1.46 77.48 4.89 Sources: Column 2: 1859 lbs x bu/2000 lbs x price of Barley (Appendix E) Column 3: 120 lbs x bu/56 lbs x price of wheat (Appendix E) Column 4: 410 lbs x bu/34 lbs x price of Oats (Appendix E) Column 5-7: "Costs to Use for a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1967) p.440.818. Column 8: Sum of Columns 2-7 Column 9: Column 8 divided by 16 161 TABLE 76 Feed Costs per Hog Farrow to F i n i s h Swine A l l D i s t r i c t s 357„ Total Year Wheat Barley Oats Supp. Sugar Min. Feed Cost (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 1951 44.97 43.09 112.06 63.04 6.40 8.96 278.52 1952 44.15 39.68. 95.91. 63.04 6.40 8.96 258.14 1953 36.74 32.00 92.08 63.04 6.40 8.96 239.22 1954 38.61 34.56 100.77 63.04 6.40 8.96 252.34 1955 36.83 33.71 100.77 63.04 6.40 8.96 249.71 1956 36.30 30.72, 81.14 63.04 6.40 8.96 226.56 1957 36.80 29.44 74.87 63.04 6.40 8.96 219.51 1958 36.47 29.87 86.87 63.04 6.40 8.96 231.61 1959 37.35 20.01 100.25 63.04 6.40 8.96 245.01 1960 43.60 32.00 97.64 63.04 6.40 8.96 251.64 1961 47.55 40.96 103.55 63.04 6.40 8.96 270.46 1962 45.65 36.27 94.86 63.04 6.40 8.96 251.18 1963 48.26 37.97 90.00 63.04 6.40 8.96 254.63 1964 44.69 41.81 104.24 63.04 6.40 8.96 269.14 1965 47.33 42.67 116.41 63.04 6.40 8.96 284.81 Sources: Column 2: 96 lbs x bu/56 lb x price of wheat (Appendix E Column 3: 128 lbs x bu/48 lb x price of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: 369 lbs x bu/34 lbs x price of Oats (Appendix E) Columns 5-7: "Costs to Use for a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Grower, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1967/), p.440.818 Column 8: Sum of Columns 2-7 APPENDIX E Yields and Prices 162 163 TABLE 1 Simulation of Barley Yields Per Acre for Five Insurance Zones i n the Peace River Average Insurance Zones Year Y i e l d (bus) B C Cl D E Price (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 1951 30 45 43 33 30 26 $1.01 1952 36 51 49 39 36 32 .93 1953 35 50 48 38 35 31 .75 1954 26 41 39 29 26 22 L .81 1955 25 40 38 28 25 21 .77 1956 39 59 52 42 39 35 .72 1957 26 41 39 29 26 22 .69 1958 26 41 39 29 26 22 . 70 1959 21 36 34 24 21 17 .68 1960 32 47 45 35 32 28 .75 1961 38 53 51 41 38 34 .96 1962 35 50 48 38 35 31 .85 1963 23 38 36 26 23 19 .89 1964 35 50 48 38 35 31 .98 1965 38 53 51 41 38 34 1.00 Average 31 46 44 34 31 27 Sources: Crop Insurance Branch, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e . 164 TABLE 2 Simulation of Oats Yields Per Acre f o r Five Insurance Zones i n the Peace River Average Insurance Zones Year Y i e l d (bus) B C C L D E Price 1951 37 50.75 48. 73 38. 73 33. 73 26. 73 $.645 1952 50 63.73 61.73 51. 73 46. 73 39. 73 .552 1953 55 68.73 66. 73 66. 73 61. 73 54. 73 .53 1954 32 45.73 43.73 33. 73 28. 73 21. 73 .58 1955 35 48.73 46.73 46. 73 41. 73 34. 73 : .58 1956 53 66.73 64.73 54. 73 49. 73 42. 73 .467 1957 41 54.73 52.73 42. 73 37. 73 30. 73 .448 1958 43 56.73 54.73 44. 73 39. 73 32. 73 .50 1959 34 47.73 45.73 35. 73 30. 73 23. 73 .577 1960 45 58.73 56.73 46. 73 41. 73 34. 73 .562 1961 55 68.73 66.73 56. 73 51. 73 44. 73 .596 1962 50 63.73 61.73 51. 73 46. 73 39. 73 .546 1963 31 44.73 42.73 32. 73 27. 73 20. 73 .518 1964 48 61.73 59.73 49. 73 44. 73 37. 73 .60 1965 55 68.73 66. 73 56. 23 51. 73 44. 73 .67 Average 44.27 58 56 46 41 34 Sources: Crop Insurance Branch, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e . 165 TABLE 3 Simulation of Wheat Yields Per Acre f or Five Insurance Zones i n the Peace River Average Insurance Zones i Year Y i e l d (bus) B C C D E Price 1951 24 30.28 29.28 23.28 21. .28 17, ,28 $1.64 1952 20.6 26.88 25.88 19.88 17. ,88 13. ,88 1.61 1953 25.8 32.08 31.08 25.08 23. ,08 19, ,08 1.39 1954 19.6 25.88 24.88 19.88 17. ,88 13. ,88 1.408 1955 19 25.28 24.28 19.28 17. ,28 13. ,28 1.343 1956 24.9 31.18 30.18 24.18 22. ,18' 18, ,18 1.324 1957 19.1 25.38 24.38 18.38 16. .38 12, ,38! 1.342 1958 17.0 23.28 22.28 16.28 14. ,28 10. ,28 1.33 1959 17.1 23.38 22.38 16.38 16. ,38 12. ,38 1.362 1960 23. 7 29.98 28.98 22.98 21. ,98 17. ,98 1.59 1961 35.7 41.98 40.98 34.98 32. ,98 28. .98 1.734 1962 22.3 28.58 27.58 21.58 19. ,58 15. ,58 1.665 1963 20.7 26.98 25.98 19.98 17. ,98 13. ,98 1.76 1964 25.5 31.78 30.78 24.78 22. ,78 18. ,78 1.63 1965 25.8 32.08 31.08 25.08 23. ,08 19. ,08 1.726 Average 22.72 29 28 22 20 16 Sources: Crop Insurance Branch, B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agric u l t u r e 166 TABLE 4 Simulation of Rapeseed Yields Per Acre for Five Insurance Zones i n the Peace River Average Insurance Zones Year Y i e l d (bus) B C C A D E Price 1951 18.5 22.52 21.6 17.42 16.18 14.48 $1.75 1952 15.0 19.02 18.1 13.92 12.68 10.98 1.70 1953 16.6 20.62 19.7 15.52 14.28 12.58 1.80 1954 14.4 18.42 17.5 13.32 12.08 10.38 1.65 1955 11.3 15.32 14.4 10.22 8.98 7.28 1.75 1956 17.0 21.02 20.1 15.92 14.68 12.98 1.75 1957 14.0 18.02 17.1 12.92 11.68 9.98 1.60 1958 12.4 16.42 15.5 11.32 10.08 8.38 1.25 1959 .16.7 20. 72 19.8 15.62 14.38 12.68 2.00 1960 14.6 18.62 17.7 13.52 12.28 10.58 1.65 1961 15.8 19.82 18.9 14.72 13.48 11.78 1.80 1962 15.8 19.82 18.9 14.72 13.48 11.78 2.05 1963 17.5 21.52 20.6 16.42 15.18 13.48 2.50 1964 16.7 20.72 19.8 15.62 14.38 12.68 2.54 1965 15.9 19.92 19.0 14.82 13.58 11.88 2.33 Average 15.48 19.5 18.58 14.40 13.16 11.46 j Sources: Columns 2 and 8 D.B.S. Yearbook 1952-66 TABLE 5 Expected Hay Yields and Prices for Nine Areas of the Peace River (Tons) Ro l l a Doe Sunset Baldonne1- C e c i l Year Average Boundary River Progress Groundbirch P r a i r i e Two Rivers Lake Montenay Halfway Price (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( I D (12) 1951 1.79 2.76 2.76 2.26 2.26 2.26 1.89 1.26 1.26 3. ,26 $17.75 1952 1.75 2.72 2.72 2.22 2.22 2.22 1.85 1.22 1.22 3. ,22 15.00 1953 2.00 2.97 2.97 2.47 2.47 2.47 2.10 1.47 1.47 3. ,47 12.50 1954 1.49 2.46 2.46 1.96. 1.96 1.96 1.59 .96 .96 2, ,96 13.50 1955 1.69 2.66 2.66 2.16 2.16 2.16 1.79 1.16 1.16 3. , 16 22.00 1956 1.41 2.38 2.38 1.88 1.88 1.88 1.51 .88 .88 2. ,88 15.50 1957 1.26 2.23 2.23 1.73 1.73 1.73 1.36 . 73 .73 2. ,73 15.00 1958 1.25 2.22 2.22 1.72 1.72 1.72 1.35 . 72 .72 2. ,72 16. 75 1959 1.35 2.32 2.32 1.82 1.82 1.82 1.45 .82 .82 2, ,82 16.50 1960 1.45 2.42 2.42 1.92 1.92 1.92 1.55 .92 .92 2. ,92 16.00 1961 1.28 2.25 2.25 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.38 .75 .75 2. ,75 20.00 1962 1.52 2.49 2.49 1.99 1.99 1.99 1.62 .99 .99 2. ,99 17.00 1963 1.48 2.45 2.45 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.58 .95 .95 2. ,95 16.00 1964 1.37 2.34 2.34 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.47 .84 .84 2. ,84 19.00 1965 1.94 2.91 2.91 2.41 2.41 2.41 2.04 1.41 1.41 3, ,41 16.00 Avg. 1.53 2.51 2.5 2 2 2 1.625 1 1 3 Source : Columns 3-11 Averages: B r i t i s h Columbia Department o f A g r i c u l t u r e Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f , Hay, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971). Column 2 and 12: Dominion Bureau of S t a t i s t i c s Yearbook (Ottawa, 1952-66). TABLE 6 Prices and Yields A l s i k e Clover Seed and Fescue Seed Year Average Y i e l d (lbs) Fescue Seed Price A l s i k e Clover Seed Price (1) (2) (3) (4) 1951 350.9.7 $.50 $.40 1952 343.11 . 28>; .20: 1953 392.13 .30 .08 1954 292.14 . 15 .23 1955 331.35 .105 . 141 1956 276.45 .30 .28 1957 247.05 .19 .10 1958 245.07 .16 .14 1959 264.69 .16 .10 1960 284.31 .07 .11 1961 250.98 .12 .10 1962 298.02 .10 . 11 1963 290.19 .28 .11 1964 268.62 .32 .16 1965 380.37 .27 .08 Average 300 Source: S t a t i s t i c s Canada, Yearbook (Ottawa, 1952-1966) 169 TABLE 7 Beef Prices (per cwt) Steer Heifer Feeder Feeder Common Choice Year Calves Calve s Steers Heifers Cows Steers (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 1951 30.60 26.22 30.60 26.22 21.44 33.11 1952 20.60 17.02 20.60 17.02 13.16 24.67 1953 15.54 12.05 15.54 12.50 8.16 19.60 1954 14.95 10.85 14.95 10.85 7.96 19.39 1955 15.53 11.19 • 15.53 11.19 8.50 19.20 1956 15.10 10.86 15.10 10.86 7.79 18.82 1957 16.12 12.06 16.12 12.06 9.20 18.10 1958 25.47 21.47 21.23 16.61 13.46 22.09 1959 22.75 18.75 22.62 18.21 13.28 23.69 1960 21.09 17.09 20.16 15.45 12.10 21.68 1961 23.52 19.52 20. 75 15.94 12.47 21.65 1962 25.83 21.83 23.45 18.49 13.23 25.10 1963 24.85 20.60 22.65 18.54 14.51 22.75 1964 21.14 17.61 20.40 16.40 13.02 21.65 1965 22.29 17.25 21.40 15. 74 11.99 23.10 a A l l prices are at the Edmonton Stockyards Source: Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Livestock Market Review (Ottawa, 1951-1965). 170 TABLE 8 Other Livestock Prices and Y i e l d s 3 Grade "B" Hogs Year Price Dressed Weight Feeder Hogs Good Lambs $/cwt (lbs) $/cwt $/cwt 1951 32.70 163.09 27.00 31.45 1952 24.60 162.11 18.76 22.45 1953 28.78 161.50 21.00 20.19 1954 28.05 168.48 24.00 18.95 1955 22.20 161.08 16.00 17.70 1956 23.40 161.11 17.50 18.25 1957 27.55 163.41 30.50 18. 76 1958 24.59 163.81 18.76 19.80 1959 20.46 160.02 15.26 17.54 1960 20.63 159.09 17.62 17.33 1961 23.80 161.51 21.36 16.55 1962 25.40 160.71 21.50 17.00 1963 25.40 161.69 22.06 17.80 1964 22.85 160.70 20.06 18.10 1965 27.35 160.99 22.24 20.70 a A l l prices are at the Edmonton Stockyards Source: Canada Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Review (Ottawa, 1951-1965). Livestock Market APPENDIX F F i f t e e n Year A c t i v i t y Budgets 171 TABLE 1 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 1 Rol l a Boundary Input Costs Tot. Var. Wheat Barley Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 1951 $23.80 $77.55 $23.65 $6.85 $132.85 $198.69 $45.45 $244.09 $112.24 1952 23.80 77.55 , 23.65 6.85 132.85 173.11 47.43 220.54 • 88.69 1953 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 171.95 37.50 209.45 77.60 1954 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 145.76 33.21 178.97 47.12 1955 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 135.80 30.80 166.60 34.75 1956 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 165.13 38.88 203.97 72.12 1957 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 136.24 28.29 164.53 32.68 1958 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 123.85 28.70 152.55 20.70 1959 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 , 127.38 24.48 151.86 20.01 1960 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 190.67 35.25 225.92 94.07 1961 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 291.17 50.88 342.05 209.20 1962 23,80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 190.34 42.50 232.84 100.99 1963 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 189.94 . 33.82 223.76 91.91 1964 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 207.20 49.00 . 256.20 124.35 1965 23.80 77.55 23.65 6.85 132.85 221.48 53.00 274.48 142.63 Average Net Return = $84. 67 Sources: Columns 2-5: Appendix D Column 6: Sum of Columns 1-5 Columns 7 and 8: Appendix E Column 9: Column (7), plus Column (8) Column 10: Column (9), minus Column (6) a, "Net Return" as used' i n the above and following budgets does not include f i x e d costs. Consequently, i t would be s p e c i f i c a l l y defined as the "Gross Margin". TABLE 2 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 2 Rol l a Boundary Input Costs Tot. Var. Rape Wheat Barley Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( I D 1951 $22.62 $77.55 $23.65 $6.85 $130.67 $39.41 $148.98 $45.45 $233.84 $103.17 1952 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 ' 32.33 129.83 47.43 209.59 78.92 1953 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 37,12 128.96 37.50 203.58 72.91 1954 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 30.39 109.32 33.21 172.92 42.25 1955 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 26.81 101.85 30.80 159.46 28.79 1956 22,62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 36.79 123.85 38.88 199.52 . 68.85 1957 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 28.83 102.18 28.29 159.30 28.63 1958 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 20.53 92.89 28.70 142.12 11.45 1959 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 41.44 95.54 24.48 161.46 30.79 1960 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 30.72 143.00 35.25 208.97 78.30 1961 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 35.67 218.38 - 50.88 304.93 174.26 1962 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 40.63 142.76 42.50 255.89 125.22 1963 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 53.80 142.46 33.82 230.08 99.41 1964 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 52.63 155.40 49.00 257.03 126.36 1965 22.62 77.55 23.65 6.85 130.67 46.41 166.11 53.00 265.52 134.85 Average Net Return = $80.27 Sources: Columns 1-5: Appendix D Column 6: Sum of Columns 1-5 Column 7-r9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 7-9 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (6) TABLE 3 Fifteen Year Budget For Rotation 3 Rolla Boundary Input Costs Tot. Var. Rape Wheat Barley Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-3 Acre 4-5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) 1951 $22.62 $51.70 $47,30 $6.85 $128.47 $39.41 $ 99.32 . $ 90.90 $229.63 $101.16 1952 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 . 32.33 86.56 94.84 213.73 85.26 1953 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 37.12 85.98 75.00 198.10 69.63 1954 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 30.39 72.88 - 66.42 • 169.69 41.22 1955 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 26.81 67.90 61.60 156.31 27.84 1956 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 . 36.79 82.57 77.76 197.12 68.65 1957 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 28.83 68.12 56.58 153.53 25.06 1958 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 20.53 61.93 57.40 139.86 11.39 1959 . 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 41.44 63.69 48.96 159.09 26.62 1960 22.6.2 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 - 30.72 95 .34 71.00 197.06 70.59 1961 22.62 51.70 47.30. 6.85 128.47 35.67 145.59 101.76 283.02 154.55 1962 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 40.63 95.17 85.00 220.80 91.33 1963 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 . 53.80 94.87 . 67,64 216.31 87.84 1964 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 52.63 103.60 98.00 259.23 125.76 1965 22.62 51.70 47.30 6.85 128.47 46.41 110.74 106.00 263.15 134.68 Average Net Return = $74.77 Sources: Columns 2-5: Appendix D Column 6: Sum of; Columns 2-5 Columns 7-9: ? Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 7-9 Column 11: . Column (10) minus Column (6) TABLE 4 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 4 Ro l l a Boundary Input Costs Tot. Var. Hay - Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-5 Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) . 1951 $17.98 $93.60 $111.58 $195.96 . $ 84.38 1952 17.98 93.60 111.58 163.20. 51.62 1953 17.98 93.60 111.58 148.52 36.94 1954 17.98 93.60 111.58 132.84 21.26 1955 17.98 93.60 111.58 234.08 122.50 1956 17.98 93.60 111.58 147.56 35.98 1957 17.98 ' 93.60 111.58 133.80 22.22 • 1958 17.98 93.60 111.58 148.76 37.18 1959 17.98 93.60 111.58 153.12 41.54 1960 17.98 93.60 111.58 154.88 43.30 1961 17.98 93.60 111.58 180.00 68.42 1962 17.98 93.60 111.58 169.32 57.74 . 1963 17.98 93.60 111.58 . 156.80 45.22 1964 17.98 93.60 111.58 177.84 66.26 1965 17.98 93.60 111,58 186.24 74.66 Average Net Return = $54.66 Sources: Columns 2-4: B r i t i s h Columbia Department ,of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay Ro l l a Boundary, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 5: Appendix E Column 6: Column (5) minus Column (4) TABLE 5 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 1 Doe River Input Costs Tot. Var. Fescue Rape Barley Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre 4 Acre 5-6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $11.21 $6.16 $11.58 $19.79 $35 .70 $84.81 $350.97 . $37.80 $ 86.86 $475.63 $390.82 1952 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 192.14 30.77 91.14 314.35 229.54 1953 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81. 235.28 35.46 72.00 342.74 257.93 1954 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 87.64 28.88 63.18 179.70 94.87 1955 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 69.58 25.20 58.52 153.30 68.49 1956 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 165.87 35.18 74.88 275.93 191.12 1957 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 93.88 27.36 53.82 . 175.06 90.25 1958 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 78.42 19.38 54.60 152.40 67.59 1959 11.21 6.16 11,58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 84.70 39.60 46.24 170.59 85.73 1960 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 39.80 29.21 67.50 135.51 51.70 1961 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 60.24 34.02 97.92 192.18 107.37 1962 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 59.60 38.75 81.60 179.95 95.14 1963 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 162.51 51.50 64.08 278.09 193.28 1964 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 171.92 50.29 94.08 316.29 231.48 1965 11.21 6.16 11.58 19.79 35 .70 84.81 205.40 44.27 102.00 351.67 266.86 Average Net R e t u r n — $161.47 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-1: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 6 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 2 Doe River Input Costs Tot; Var. Fescue Barley Oats Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre 4-5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $11.21 $6.16 $11.58 • $35.70 $17.85 $82.50 $350.97 $ 86.86 $31.43 $469.26 $386.76 1952 . 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 192.14 91.14 34.07 317.35 234.85 1953 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 235.28 • 72.00 35.37 342.65 260.15 1954 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 87.64 63.18 25.36 176.18 93.68 1955 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 . 82.50 69.58 58.52 27.10 155.20 72.70 1956 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 165.87 74.88 30.23 270.98 188.48 1957 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 93.98 53.82 23.62 171.32 88.82 1958 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 78.42 54.60 27.37 161.39 78.89 1959 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 84.70 46.24 26.39 156.87 74.37 1960 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 39.80 67.50 31.88 139.18 56.68 1961 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 60.24 97.92 39.77 197.25 114.75 1962 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 59.60 81.60 . 33.70 174.90 92.40 1963 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 162.51 64.08 22.13 248.72 166.22 1964 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 17.1.92 94.08 35.84 301.84 219.34 1965 - 11.21 6.16 11.58 35.70 17.85 82.50 205.40 102,00 44.71 352.11 269.61 Average Net Return = $159.84 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7:- Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 7 Fifteen Year Budget For Rotation 3 Doe River Input Costs Tot.1 Var. Fescue Barley Rape Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre 4+6 Acre 5 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (ID (12) 1951 $11.21 $6.16 $11.58 $39.58 $17.85 $86.38 $350.97 $43.43 $75.60 $470.00 $383.62 1952 11.21 6.16 ' 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 192.14 45.57 . 61.54 299.25 212.87 1953 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.785 86.38 235.28 36.00 70.92 342.20 255.82 1954 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 87.64 31.59 57.76 176.99 90.61 1955 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 • 69.58 29.26 50.40 149.24 62.86 1956 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 165.87 37.44 70.36 273.67 187.29 1957 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 93.88 26.91 54.72 175.51 89.13 1958 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 78.42 27.30 58.76 144.48 58.10 1959 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 84.70 23.12 79.20 187.02 100.64 1960 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 39.80 33.75 58.42 131.97 45.59 1961 .11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 60.24 48.96 68.04 . 177.24 90.86 1962 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 • 59.60 40.80 77.50 177.90 91.52 1963 -11.21 6.16 11.58 . 39.58 17,85 86.38 162.51 32.04 103.00 297.55 211.17 1964 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 171.92 47.04 100.58 319.54 233.16 1965 11.21 6.16 11.58 39.58 17.85 86.38 205,40 51.00 88.54 . 344.94 258.56 Average Net Return = $158.12 -Sources:' Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10.: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 8 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 4 Doe River Input Costs Tot. Var. Hay Net Year Acre 1 Acres 2-5 Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1951 $12.85 $101.76 $114.61 $195.96 $81.35 1952 12.85 101.76 114.61 163.20 48.59 1953 12.85 101.76 114.61 148.50 33.89 1954 12.85 101.76 114.61 132.84 18.23 1955 12.85 101.76 114.61 234.08 19.47 1956 12.85 101.76 114.61 147.56 32.95 1957 12,85 101.76 114.61 133.80 19.19 1958 12.85 101.76 114.61 148.74 24.-13 1959 12.85 101.76 114.61 153.12 38.51 1960 12.85 101.76 114.61 154.88 40.27 1961 12.85 101.76 114.61 180.00 65.39 1962 12.85 101,76 114.61 169.32 54.71 1963 12.85 101.76 114.61 156.80 42.19 1964 12.85 101.76 114.61 177.84 63.23 1965 12.85 101.76 114.61 186.24 71.63 Average Net Return = $44.24 Sources: Columns 2-3: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay -Doe River, ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 4: Column (2) plus Column (3) Column 5: Appendix E Column 6: Column (5) minus Column (4) TABLE 9 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 1 Progress Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Wheat Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs . Return Return Return Return- Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $18.17 $68.58. $5.64 $20.33 $24.44 $137.16 $45.95 $34.90 . $120.35 $200.70 $63.51 1952 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 50.22 28.75 99.90 178.87 41.71 1953 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 39.38 30.93 92.63 162.92 25.78 1954 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 31.59 25.18 79.38 136.15 - 1.01 1955 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 29.63 23.21 142.56 195.40 58.24 1956 18.17 68.58 5.64 . 20.33 24.44 137.16 42.12 29.37 87.42 158.91 21.75 1957 .18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 . 24.44 137.16 26.91 21.98 77.85 126.74 - 10.42 1958 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 27.30 18.99 86.43 . 132.72 - 4.42 1959 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 21.42 22.31 90.09 133.82 - 3.24 1960 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 36.00 34.95 92.16 163.11 25.95 1961 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 54.72 57.19 105.00 216.91 79.75 1962 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 44.63 32.60 101.49 178.72 41.56 1963 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 30.71 31.64 93.60 155.95 18.79 1964 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 137.16 51.45 37.13 104.88 193.46 56.30 1965 18.17 68.58 5.64 • 20.33 24.44 137.16 57.00 39.84 115.68 212.52 75.36 Average Net Return = $32.65 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 10 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 2 Progress Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Oats Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acres 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $18.17 $68.58 $5.64 $20.33 • $24.44 $133.16 $45.45 $21.76 $120.35 $187.56 $52.40 1952 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 50.22 25.79 99.90 175.91 40.75 1953 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 . 24.44 133.16 39.38 32.72 92.63 164.73 29.57 1954 .18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 31.59 16.66 79.38 127.63 - 7.53 1955 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 29.63 24.20 - 142.56 196.39 61.23 1956 .18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 42.12 23.22 87.42 152.76 17.60 1957 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 • 133.16 26.91 16.90 77.85 121.66 - 13.50 1958 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 27.30 19.87 86.43 133.60 - 1.56 1959 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 21.42 17.73 90.09 129.24 - 5.92 1960 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 36.00 23.45 92.16 151.91 16.75 1961 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 . 24.44 133.16 54.72 30.83 105.00 190.55 55.39 1962 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 44.63 25.51 101.49 171.63 36.37 1963 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 30.71 14.36 93.60 . 138.67 3.51 1964 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.16 51.46 26,84 104.88 183.18 48.02 1965 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 24.44 133.161 57.00 34.66 115.68 207.34 72.18 Average Net Return = $27.02 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column.11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12": Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 11 F i f t e e n Year Budget.For Rotation 3 Progress Input Costs Tot; Var. Barley Hay Gross ' Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) 1951 $18.17 $68.58 $5.64 $20.33 $22.44 $135.16 $75.75 $120.35 $196.10 $60.94 1952 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 83.70 99.90 183.60 48.44 1953 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 65.63 92.63 158.26 23.10 1954 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 52.65 79.38 132.03 - 3.13 1955 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 49.38 142.56 191.94 56.78 1956 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 70.20 87.42 157.62 22.46 1957 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 . 135.16 44.85 77.85 122.70 - 12.46 1958 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 45.50 86.43 131.93 - 3.23 1959 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 35.70 90.09 125.79 - 9.37 1960 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 60.00 92.16 152.16 18.00 1961 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 . 22.44 • 135.16 91.20 . 105.00 196.20 61.04 1962 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 74.38 101.49 175.87 40.71 1963 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 51.18 . 93.60 144.78 9.62 1964 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 85.77 104.88 190.65- 55.49 1965 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 22.44 135.16 95.00 115.68 210.68 75.52 Average Net Return = $29.53 Sources: Column 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-9: Appendix-E Column 10: Sum.of Columns 8 & 9 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (7) TABLE 12 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 4 Progress Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Rape Hay Gross' Net Year Acre 1 Acres 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $18.17 $68.58 . $5.64 $20.33 $21.47 $134.19 $45.45 $28.32 $120.35 $194.12 $59.93 1952 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 . 134.19 50.22 21.56 99.90 171.68 37.49 1953 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 39.38 25.70 92.63 157.71 23.52 1954 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 31.59 19.93 79.38 130.90 - 3.29 1955 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 29.63 15.72 142.56 187.91 53.72 1956 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 42.12 25.69 8>7.42 155.23 21.04 1957 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 - "134.19 26.91 18.69 77.85 123.45 - 10.74 1958 18.17 68.:58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 27.30 12.60 86.43 126.33 - 7.86 1959 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 21.42 28.76 90.09 140.27 6.08 1960 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 36.00 20.26 92.16 148.42 14.23 1961 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 54.72 24.26 105.00 183.98 59.78 1962 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 44.63 27.63 101.99 173.75 49.56 1963 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 30.71 37.95 93.60 162.26 28.07 1964 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 51.46 36.55 104.88 192.89 56.70 1965 18.17 68.58 5.64 20.33 21.47 134.19 57.00 31.64 115.68 204.32 70.13 Average Net Return = $29.35 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10.:. Appendix E Column 11: Sum.of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 13 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 1 Groundbirch Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Wheat Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acres 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4.) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17.20 $77.17 $50.02 $13.90 $18.18 $131.47 $45.45 $34.90 $120.35 . $200.70 $69.23 1952 17,20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 50.22 28.75 99.90 178.87 47.40 1953 17.20 77.17 50.02 13,90 18.18 131.47 39.38 30.93 92.63 162.92 31.45 1954 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 31.59 25.18 779*38 136.15 4.68 1955' 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 . 18.18 131.47 29.63 23.21 142.56 195.40. 63.93 1956 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 42.12 29.37 87.92 158.71 27.44 1957 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 . 26.91 21.98 77.85 126.74 - 4.73 1958 17.20 ,77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 27.30 18.99 86.43 132.72 - 1.25 1959 17.20 77.17 . 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 21.42 22.31 90.09 133.82 - 2.35 1960 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 36.00 34.95 92.16 163.11 31.64 1961 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 54.72 57.19 105.00 . 216,91 85.44 1962 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 44.63 32.60 . 101.49 178.72 47.25 1963 17.20 77.17 50.02 . 13.90 18.18 131.47 30.71 31.64 93.60 155.95 24.48 1964 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 51.45 37.15 104.88 193.46 61.99 1965 17.20 77.17 50.02 13.90 18.18 131.47 57.00 39.84 115.68 212.52 81.05 Average Net Return = $38 1.32 Sources: . Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 14 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Rotation 2 Groundbirch Input Costs - Tot. Var. Barley Oats Hay. Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acres 2--4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17.20 $77.17 $5.02 $13.90 $17.50 $130.79 $45.45 $21.76 $120.35 $187,56 $61.73 1952 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 . 130.79 50.22 25.79 99.90 175.91 45.12 1953 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 39,38 32.72 92.. 63 164.73 33.94. 1954 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 31.59 16.16 779138 127.63 . - 3.16. 1955 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 29.63 24.20 142.56 196.39 65.60 1956 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 . 42.12 23.22 87.42 152.76 21.97 1957 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 . 26.91 16.90 77.85 121.66 - 9.13 1958 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 27.30 19.87. 86.43 133.60 2.81 1959 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 21.42 . 17.73 90.09 129.24 - 1.55 1960 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 36.00 . 23.45 92.16 151.91 21.12 1961 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 54.72 30.83 105.00 190.55 59.76 1962 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 44.63 25.51 1101449 171.63 40.84 1963 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 30.71 - 14.36 93.60 138.67 7.88 1964 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 51.46 26.84 104.88 183.18 52.39 1965 17.20 77.17 5.02 13.90 17.50 130.79 57.00 39.66 115.68 207.34 76.55 Average Net Return.= $31.39 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 15 Fifteen Year Budget For Rotation 3 Groundbirch Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Hay Total Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2). (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) 1951 $18.45 $80.92 $5.02 $13.90 $14.26 $127.55 $75.75 $120.35 $196.10 $68.55 1952 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 . 14.26 127.55 83.70 99.90 183.60 56.05 1953 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 65.63 92.63 158.26 30.71 1954 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 52.651 779?38 132.03 4.48 1955 18.45 80.92 . 5.02 • 13.90 14.26 127.55 49.38 142.56 191.94 64.39 1956 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 70.20 87.42 157.62 - 15.07 1957 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 44.85 77.85 122.70 - 4.85 1958 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 45.50 86.43 131.93 4.38 1959 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 35.70 90.09 125.79 - 1.76 1960 18.45 80.92 . 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 60.00 92.16 152.16 24.61 1961 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 91.20 105.00 196.20 68.65 1962 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 74.38 101.49 175.85 48.32 1963 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 51.18 93.60 144.78 17.23 1964 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 127.55 85.77 104.88 190.65 63.10 1965 18.45 80.92 5.02 13.90 14.26 ' 127.55 95.00 115.65 210.68 83.13 Average Net Return = $37.14 . Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of'Columns 2-6 Columns 8-9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 8 and 9 Column.11: Column (10) minus Column (7) TABLE 16 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 Groundbirch Input Costs Tot. Var. , Barley Wheat Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acres : 2--4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17, .20 $77. 17 $5.02 $13.90 $16 .68 $129.97 $45. ,45 $28, .32 $120.35 $194. ,12 $64.15 1952 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 50. ,22 21, ,56 99.90 171. 68 41.71 1953 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 39. ,38 25. ,70 92.63 157. 71 27. 74 1954 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 31. ,59 19, ,93 79.38 130. ,90 .93 1955 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 29, ,63 15. , 72 142.56 187. ,91 57.94 1956 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 42. ,12 25, ,69 87.42 155. ,23 25.26 1957 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 26. ,91 18, ,69 77.85 123. ,45 - 6.52 1958 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 27, .30 12, ,60 86.43 126. ,33 - 3.64 1959 17, ,20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 21. ,42 28, ,76 90.09 140. ,27 10.30 1960 17, ,20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 36, ,00 20. ,26 92.16 148. ,42 18.45 1961 17, ,20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 54. ,72 24. ,26 105.00 183. ,98 54.01 1962 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 49, ,63 27. .63 101.49 173. 75 43. 78 1963 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 30. ,71 37. ,95 93.60 162. ,26 32.29 1964 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 51, ,46 36. ,55 104.88 192. ,89 62.92 1965 17, .20 77. 17 5.02 13.90 16 .68 129.97 57. ,00 31. ,64 115.68 204. ,32 74.35 Average Net Return = $33.58 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 17 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 1 Sunset P r a i r i e Input Costs Tot. . Var. Barley Wheat Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-•4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre ! 6 Costs Re turn Return Re turn Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $14.30 $45.27 $1.82 $14.02. $18.31 $93. ,72 $45.45 $34.90 $120. 35 $200. 70 $106.98 1952 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 50.22 28. 75 99. 90 178. 87 85. 15 1953 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18.31 93. 72 39.38 30.93 92. 63 162. 92 69.20 1954 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 31.59 25.18 79. 58 136. 15 42.43 1955 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 29.63 23.21 142. 56 195. 40 101.68 1956 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 42.12 29.37 87. 42 158. 91 65. 19 1957 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 26.91 21.98 77. 85 126. 74 33.02 1958 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. ,72 27.30 18.99 86. 43 132. 72 39.00 1959 14.30 45. ,27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. ,72 21.42 22.31 90. 09 133. 82 40.10 1960 14.30 45. ,27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 36.00 34.95 92. 16 163. 11 69.39 1961 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. ,72 54.72 57.19 105. 00 216. 91 123.19 1962 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. ,72 44.63 52.60 101. 49 178. 72 85.00 1963 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 30.71 31.64 93. 60 155. 95 62. 13 1964 . 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. ,72 51.45 37.13 104. 88 193. 46 99. 74 1965 14.30 45. 27 1.82 14.02 18. 31 93. 72 57.00 39.84 115. 68 212. 52 118.80 Average Net Return = $76.07 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 18 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 2 Sunset P r a i r i e Input Costs Tot, . Var. Barley Oats Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre ! 5 Acre 6 Costs Re turn Return Return Re turn Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $14.30 $45. ,27 $1. ,82 $14.02 $17.99 $93, .40 $45.45 $21.26 $120.35 $182.56 $ 94. , 16 1952 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 50. 22 25. 79 99. ,90 175.91 82. ,51 1953 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 39. 38 32. 72 92. 63 169.73 71. ,33 1954 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93. .40 31. 59 16. 16 79. 38 127.63 34. ,23 1955 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 29. 63 24. 20 142. 56 196.39 102. ,99 1956 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 42. 12 23. 22 87. 42 152.76 59. ,36 1957 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 26. .91 16. 90 77. 85 121.66 28. ,26 1958 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, ,40 27. 30 19. 87 86. 43 133.60 40. ,20 1959 14.30 45. .27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, ,40 21. 42 17. 73 90. 09 129.24 35. ,84 1960 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 36. 00 23. 45 92. 16 151.91 58, ,51 1961 14.30 45. .27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 54. 72 30. 83 105. 00 190.55 97. , 15 1962 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, ,40 44. 63 25. 51 101. 49 171.63 78. ,23 1963 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, ,40 30. 71 14. 36 93. 60 138.67 45. 27 1964 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, ,40 51. 46 26. 84 104. 88 188.18 94. ,78 1965 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 17.99 93, .40 57. 00 34. 66 115. 68 207.34 113. ,94 Average Net Return = $69.12 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 19 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 3 Sunset P r a i r i e i i i y u i . w b L b T o t > V a r > Barley Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( I D 1951 $14.30 $45. ,27 $1. ,82 $14.02 $15. ,83 $91.24 $75. 75 $120.35 $196. 10 $104.86 1952 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 83. 70 99. ,90 183. 60 92.36 1953 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 65. 63 92. ,63 158. 26 67.02 1954 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 52. 65 79. ,38 132. 03 40. 79 1955 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 49. 38 142. ,56 191. 94 100.70 1956 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 70. 20 .87. ,42 157. 62 66.38 1957 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 44. 85 '77. ;<85 122. 70 31.46 1958 .14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 45. 50 46. .43 131. 93 40.69 1959 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 35. 70 90. ,09 125. 99 34.55 1960 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 60. 00 92, ,16 152. 16 60.92 1961 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 91. 20 105, ,00 196. 20 104.96 1962 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. ,83 91.24 74. 38 101, ,49 175. 87 84.63 1963 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 51. 18 93, ,60 144. 78 53.54 1964 14.30 45. ,27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 85. 77 104, ,88 190. 65 99.41 1965 14.30 45. 27 1. ,82 14. 02 15. 83 91.24 95. 00 115, ,68 210. 68 119.44 Average Net Return = $73.45 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 8 + 9 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (7) TABLE 20 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 Sunset P r a i r i e Input Costs T o t > V a r _ B a r l e y Rape Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $14.30 $45. ,27 $1.82 $14.02 $16. 64 $91. ,94 $45.45 $28.32 $120. ,35 $194. , 12 $102. 18 1952 14.30 45. ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 50. 22 21. ,56 99. ,90 171. ,68 79. 74 1953 14.30 45. ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 39. ,38 25. 70 92. 63 157. 71 65, , 77 1954 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 31. ,59 19. 93 79. 38 130. 90 38. 96 1955 14.30 45. ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 29. ,63 15. 72 142. ,56 187. 91 95. 97 1956 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 42. , 12 25. 69 87. 42 155. ,23 63. 29 1957 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 26. ,91 18. ,69 77. ,85 123. ,45 31. ,51 1958 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 27. ,30 12. 60 86. ,43 126. ,33 34. 39 1959 14.30 45, .27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 21. ,42 28. 76 90. ,09 140, ,27 48. 33 1960 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 36. ,00 20. ,26 92. ,16 148. ,42 56. 48 1961 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 54. , 72 24. ,26 105. ,00 183. ,98 92. 04 1962 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 44. ,63 27. ,63 101. ,49 173. , 75 81. 81 1963 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 30. , 71 37. 95 95. 60 162, ,26 70. 32 1964 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. ,94 51. ,46 36. ,55 104. ,88 192. ,89 100. 95 1965 14.30 45, ,27 1.82 14.02 16. 64 91. 94 57. ,00 31. ,64 115. 68 204. ,32 112. 38 Average Net Return = $71.61 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 21 F i f t e e n Year Budget f or Rotation 1 Baldonnel-Two Rivers Year Acre 1 Input Acre 2 Costs Acre 3 Acre : 4 Acre 5-6 Tot. Var. Costs Als i k e Return Barley Return Oats Return Gross Re turn Net Return (1) :(2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $19.32 $7 .06 $13. 74 $16. 81 $38.30 $95. 23 $280. , 78 $130.29 $31.43 $442. 50 $347.27 1952 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. 23 137. ,24 136. ,71 34. 07 308. 02 212.79 1953 19.32 7. .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 62. 74 108. 00 35. ,37 206. 11 110.88 1954 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 134. .38 94. . 77 25. ,36 254. 51 159.28 1955 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 93. .44 87. , 78 27. , 10 208. 32 113.09 1956 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. .23 154. .81. 117. ,32 30. ,23 302. 36 207.13 1957 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 49. ,41 80. , 73 23. ,62 153. 76 58.53 1958 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 68. ,62 81. ,90 27. ,37 177. 89 82.66 1959 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 52. ,94 68. ,36 26. ,39 147. 69 52.46 1960 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 62. 55 101. ,25 31. ,88 195. 68 100.45 1961 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. .23 50. ,20 146. ,88 39. ,77 236. 85 141.62 1962 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 65. ,56 122. ,40 33. ,70 221. 66 126.43 1963 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 63. ,89 96. , 12 22. , 13 182. 14 86.91 1964 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 85. ,99 141. , 12 35. ,84 262. 95 167.72 1965 19.32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 38.30 95. ,23 60. ,86 153. ,00 44. ,71 258. 57 163.34 Average Net Return = $142.03 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 22 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 2 Baldonnel - Two Rivers Input Costs Tot. Acre Acre Acre Acre Acre Acre Var. Barley Oats A l s i k e Rape Gross Net Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) 1951 $19.32 $7. 06 $13. ,74 $22. 79 $16, ,81 $19. 15 $98. 87 $86. 86 $31.43 $280. , 75 $37. ,80 $436. 87 $338.00 1952 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 91. 14 34. ,07 137. .24 30. ,77 293. 22 194.35 1953 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 72. 00 35. ,37 62. ,79 35. ,46 205. 57 106.70 1954 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16. ,81 19. 15 98. 87 63. 18 25. 36 134. ,38 28. ,88 251. 80 152.93 1955 19. 32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16. ,81 19. 15 98. 87 58. 52 27. , 10 93. ,44 25. 20 204. 26 105.39 1956 19. ,32 7. 06 13, ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 74. 88 30. ,23 154. ,81 35. , 18. 295. 10 196.23 1957 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 53. 22 23. ,62 49. ,41 27. ,36 153. 61 54. 74 1958 19. ,32 7. 06 13. 74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 54. 60 27. ,37 68. ,62 19, ,38 169. 97 71. 10 1959 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, .81 19. 15 98. 87 46. 24 26. .39 52. ,94 39. .60 165. 17 66.30 1960 19. .32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 67. 50, 31. ,88 62. ,55 29, ,21 191. 14 92.27 1961 19. ,32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 . 98. 87 97. 92 39. 77 50. ,20 34. 02 221. 19 123.04 1962 19. 32 7. 06 13. 74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 81. 60 33. 70 65. ,56 38. ,75 219. 61 120.74 1963 19. .32 7. 06 13. 74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 64. 08 22. . 13 63. ,89 51. ,50 201. 60 102.73 1964 19. .32 7. 06 13. ,74 22. 79 16. ,81 19. 15 98. 87 94. 08 35. .84 85. ,99 50. ,29 266. 20 167.33 1965 19. .32 7. 06 13. 74 22. 79 16, ,81 19. 15 98. 87 102. 00 44. 71 60. ,86 44. 27 251. 84 152.97 Average Net Return = $136.32 Sources: Columns 2-7: Appendix D Column 8: Sum of Columns 2-7 Columns 9-12: Appendix E Column 13: Sum of Columns 9-12 Column 14: Column (13) minus Column (8) TABLE 23 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 3 Baldonnel - Two Rivers Input Costs Tot. Var. Year Acre ! 1 Acre 2 Acre : 3 Acre ! 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Re turn Return Re turn (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) 1951 $19. 32 $7 .06 $13. 74 $16. 81 $19.15 $19.15 $95.23 $ 86, ,86 $62, ,86 $280. 78 $430. 50 $335.27 1952 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 91. , 14 68, ,14 137. 24 296. 52 201.29 1953 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 72. ,00 70. , 74 62. 74 205. 48 110.25 1954 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. .23 63. , 18 50, .72 134. 38 248. 28 153.05 1955 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 58. ,52 54. ,20 93. 44 206. 16 110.93 1956 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 74, ,88 60. ,46 154. 81 290. 15 194.92 1957 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 53. ,82 47. ,24 49. 41 150. 47 55.24 1958 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95, ,23 54. ,60 54. , 73 68. 62 177. 95 82. 72 1959 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 46. ,24 52. , 78 52. 94 151. 96 56. 73 1960 19. 32 7. .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 67. ,50 63. , 76 62. 55 193. 81 98.58 1961 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 97. ,92 79, ,54 50. 20 227. 66 132.43 1962 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 81. ,60 67. ,40 65. 56 214. 56 119.33 1963 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 64. ,08 44. ,26 63. 89 172. 23 77.00 1964 19. 32 7 .06 13. •74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 94. ,08 71. .68 85. 99 251. 75 156.52 1965 19. 32 7 .06 13. 74 16. 81 19.15 19.15 95. ,23 102. 00 89. ,42 60. 86 252. 28 157.05 Average Net Return = $136.08 Sources: Columns 2-7: Appendix D Column 8: Sum of Columns 2-7 Columns 9-11: Appendix E Column 12: Sum of Columns 9-11 Column 13: Column (12) minus Column (8) TABLE 24 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 Baldonnel - Two Rivers Input Costs Tot. Var. Hay Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-5 Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1951 $11.50 $79.36 $90.86 $134 19 $43.33 1952 11.50 79.36 90.86 111 00 20. 14 1953 11.50 79.36 90.86 105 00 14. 14 1954 11.50 79.36 90.86 85 86 - 5.00 1955 11.50 79.36 90.86 157 52 66.66 1956 11.50 79.36 90.86 93 62 2. 76 1957 11.50 79.36 90.86 81 60 - 9.26 1958 11.50 79.36 90.86 90 45 - .41 1959 11.50 79.36 90.86 95 70 4.84 1960 11.50 79.36 90.86 99 20 8.34 1961 11.50 79.36 90.86 110 40 19.54 1962 11.50 79.36 90.86 110 16 19.30 1963 11.50 79.36 90.86 101 12 10.26 1964 11.50 79.36 90.86 111 72 20.86 1965 11.50 79.36 90.86 130 56 39. 70 Average Net Return = $17.01 Sources: Columns 2-3: B r i t i sh Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Baldonne1-Two Rivers ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 4: Sum of Columns 2 and 3 Column 5: Appendix E Column 6: Column (5) minus Column (4) TABLE 25 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 1 C e c i l Lake Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Oats A l s i k e Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre ! 4 Acre 5-6 Costs Return Re turn Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17. 80 $6.29 $12.23 $16. 56 $37. 80 $90.68 $ 99.99 $24.98 $280. . 78 $405. , 75 $315.07 1952 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 108.81 28. 56 137. 24 274. ,61 183.93 1953 17. 80 6.29 12.23' 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 85.50 35. 36 62. ,74 183. ,60 92.92 1954 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 70.47 19. 56 134. ,38 224. ,41 133.73 1955 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 64.68 27. 10 93. ,44 185. 22 94.54 1956 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 90.72 25. 56 154. ,81 271. 09 180.41 1957 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 60.03 19. 14 49. ,41 128. ,58 37.90 1958 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 60.90 22. 36 58. ,62 151. 88 61.20 1959 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 48.96 20. 62 52. 94 122. ,52 31.84 1960 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 78. 75 26. 26 62. ,55 167. ,56 76.88 1961 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 118.08 33. 81 50. ,20 202. 09 111.44 1962 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 96.90 28. 25 65. 66 190. 71 100.03 1963 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 69.42 16. 95 63. ,84 150. ,21 59.53 1964 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 111.72 29. 84 85. ,99 227. ,55 136.87 1965 17. 80 6.29 12.23 16. 56 37. 80 90.68 123.00 38. 01 60. ,86 221. 87 131.19 Average Net Return - $116.50 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 26 Fifteen Year Budget for Rotation 2 Cecil Lake Input Costs i U W i Var. Barley Oats Rape Alsike Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre 4 . Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return Return ( 1 ) ( 2 ) ( 3 ) ( 4 ) ( 5 ) ( 6 ) ( 7 ) ( 8 ) ( 9 ) ( 1 0 ) ( I D ( 1 2 ) ( 1 3 ) ( 1 4 ) 1 9 5 1 $ 1 7 . . 8 0 $ 6 . . 2 9 $ 1 2 . , 23 $ 2 1 . 07 $ 1 6 . 56 $ 1 8 . 9 0 $ 9 2 . , 85 $ 6 6 . 6 6 $ 2 4 . , 9 8 $ 3 0 . 4 9 $ 2 8 0 . , 78 $ 4 0 2 , , 9 1 $ 3 1 0 . 0 6 1 9 5 2 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 29 1 2 . , 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 7 2 . 5 4 2 8 . . 5 6 2 3 . 6 6 1 3 7 . 2 4 2 6 2 . , 0 0 1 6 9 . 1 5 1 9 5 3 1 7 . 8 0 6 , , 2 9 1 2 . .23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 5 7 . 0 0 3 5 . , 3 6 2 7 . 9 4 6 2 . 74 1 8 3 . , 0 4 9 0 . 1 9 1 9 5 4 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 4 6 . 9 8 1 9 . , 5 6 2 1 . 9 8 1 3 4 . , 3 8 2 2 2 . , 9 0 1 3 0 . 0 5 1 9 5 5 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . .23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 4 3 . 1 2 2 7 . , 10 1 7 . 89 9 3 . , 4 4 1 8 1 . , 5 5 8 8 . 70 1 9 5 6 1 7 . 8 0 6 , , 2 9 1 2 . .23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 6 0 . 4 8 , 2 5 . . 5 6 2 7 . 86 1 5 4 . , 8 1 2 6 8 . , 7 1 1 7 5 . 8 6 1 9 5 7 1 7 . 8 0 6 , , 2 9 1 2 . ,23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 4 0 . 0 2 1 9 . , 1 4 2 0 . 6 7 4 9 . , 4 1 1 2 9 . , 2 4 3 6 . 3 9 1 9 5 8 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 4 0 . 6 0 2 2 . 36 1 4 . 15 6 8 . , 2 2 1 4 5 . . 3 3 5 2 . 4 8 1 9 5 9 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 3 2 . 6 4 2 0 . 6 2 3 6 . 2 4 5 2 . 95 1 4 2 , , 4 4 9 9 . 5 9 1 9 6 0 1 7 . 8 0 6 . ; 29 1 2 . 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 5 2 . 5 0 2 6 . 26 2 2 . 3 1 6 2 . , 5 5 1 6 3 . , 6 2 7 0 . 7 7 1 9 6 1 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . , 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 7 8 . 72 3 3 . . 8 1 2 6 . 5 0 : 5 0 . . 2 0 1 8 9 . , 2 3 9 6 . 3 8 1 9 6 2 1 7 . 8 0 6 . . 2 9 1 2 . . 23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 6 4 . 6 0 2 8 . 2 5 3 0 . 18 6 5 . , 5 6 1 8 8 . , 5 9 9 5 . 7 4 1 9 6 3 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . ,23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 4 8 . 2 8 1 6 . , 9 5 3 8 . 5 5 6 3 . . 8 4 1 6 5 , , 6 2 7 2 . 7 7 1 9 6 4 1 7 . 8 0 6 . . 2 9 1 2 . ,23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 7 4 . 4 8 2 9 . 8 4 3 9 . 6 8 8 5 . 99 2 2 9 . ,99 1 3 7 . 1 4 1 9 6 5 1 7 . 8 0 6 . , 2 9 1 2 . .23 2 1 . 07 1 6 . 56 1 8 . 9 0 9 2 . 85 8 2 . 0 0 3 8 . . 0 1 3 6 ; 8 6 6 0 . , 8 6 2 1 7 . , 73 1 2 4 . 8 8 Average Net Return = $ 1 1 3 . 3 4 Sources: Columns 2 - 7 : Appendix D Column 8 : Sum of Columns 2 - 7 Columns 9 - 1 2 : Appendix E Column 1 3 : Sum of Columns 9 - 1 2 Column 1 4 : Column ( 1 3 ) minus Column ( 8 ) F i f t e e n TABLE 27 Year Budget for C e c i l Lake Rotation 3 - x u F u u . i , u B i . » Tot.Var. Barley Oats A l s i k e Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2 Acre 3 Acre 4-5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $17. 80 $6, .29 $12. 33 $35.46 $18. 90 $98. ,78 $66. 66 $49.96 $280. , 75 $397.37 $306. 59 1952 17. 80 6, .29 12. 33 35. ,46 18. 90 98. 78 72. 54 57.12 137. ,24 266.90 176. 12 1953 17. 80 6, .29 12. 33 35. ,46 18. 90 98. ,78 57. 00 70.02 62, ,74 190.46 99. 68 1954 17. 80 6. .29 12. 33 35. ,46 18. 90 98. 78 46. 98 39.12 134, ,38 220.48 129. 70 1955 17. 80 6, ,29 12. 33 35. ,46 18. 90 98. ,78 43. 12 54.20 93. ,44 190.76 99. 98 1956 17. 80 6. .29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 60. 48 51.12 154, ,81 266.41 175. 63 1957 17. 80 6, .29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 40. 02 38.28 49'. ,41 127.71 36. 93 1958 17. 80 6. .29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 40. 60 44.72 68, ,22 153.54 62. 76 1959 17. 80 6. ,29 12. 33 35. ,46 18. 90 98. 78 32. 64 41.24 52, ,94 126.82 36. 04 1960 17. 80 6. .29 12. 33 35. :46 18. 90 98. 78 52. 50 52.50 62. ,55 167.55 76. 77 1961 17. 80 6, .29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 78. 72 67.62 50. ,20 196.54 105. 76 1962 17. 80 6, ,29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 64. 60 56.50 65. ,56 186.66 95. 88 1963 17. 80 6. ,29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 46. 28 33.90 63. ,84 144.02 53. 24 1964 17. 80 6. ,29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 74. 48 59.68 85. ,99 220.15 129. 37 1965 17. 80 6. ,29 12. 33 35. 46 18. 90 98. 78 82. 00 76.02 60. ,86 218.88 128. 10 Average Net Return = $114.17 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 28 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 (5 acres) Baldonne1 - Two Rivers Input Costs Tot. Var, Hay Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-6 Costs Re turn Re turn (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1951 $12.01 $44.60 $61.91 $ 89.46 $32.85 .1952 12.01 44.60 61.91 73.20 16.59 1953 12.01 44.60 61.91 73. 50 16.89 1954 12.01 44.60 61.91 51.84 - 4. 77 1955 12.01 44.60 61.91 102.08 45.47 1956 12.01 44.60 61.91 54.56 - 2.05 1957 12.01 44.60 61.91 43.80 -12.81 1958 12.01 44.60 61.91 48.24 - 8.37 1959 12.01 44.60 61.91 54.12 - 2.49 1960 12.01 44.60 61.91 58.88 2.27 1961 12.01 44.60 61.91 60.00 3.39 1962 12.01 44.60 61.91 67.32 10.71 1963 12.01 44.60 61.91 60.80 4. 19 1964 12.01 44.60 61.91 63.84 7.23 1965 12.01 44.60 61.91 90.24 33.63 Average Net Return = $9.52 Sources: Columns 2-3: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of A g r i c u l t u r e , Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Baldonnel - Two Rivers ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Column 4: Sum of Columns 2 and 3 Column 5: Appendix E Column 6: Column (5) minus Column (4) ro O O TABLE 29 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 1 Montenay Input Costs Tot. Var. Wheat Barley Gross Net Year Acre ! 1 Acre 2-4 Acre ! 5 Acre 6 Costs Re turn Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 1951 $22. 81 $74.58 $22. 65 $6, .09 $126. 13 $ 98.64 $ 45.45 $244. 09 $117.96 1952 22. 81 7.4.58 22. 65 6. .09 126. 13 73.11 47. 43 220. 54 94.41 1953 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 126. 13 71.95 37. 50 209. 45 83.32 1954 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, ,09 126. 13 145.76 33. 21 178. 97 82.84 1955 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 126. 13 135.80 30. 80 166. 60 40.47 1956 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 126. 13 165.13 38. 88 203. 93 77.80 1957 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 126. 13 136.24 28. 29 164. 53 38.40 1958 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, .09 126. 13 123.85 28. 70 152. 55 26.42 1959 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 126. 13 127.38 24. 48 151. 86 25.73 1960 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, .09 126. 13 190.67 35. 25 225. 92 99. 79 1961 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, ,09 126. 13 291.17 50. 88 342. 05 215.92 1962 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, .09 126. 13 190.34 42. 50 232. 84 106.71 1963 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6, .09 126. 13 189.94 33. 82 223. 76 97.63 1964 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 126. 13 - 207.20 49. 00 256. 20 130.07 1965 22. 81 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 .126. 13 221.48 53. 00 274. 48 148.35 Average Net Return = $90.39 Sources: Columns 2-5: Appendix D Column 6: Sum of Columns 2-5 Columns 7-8: Appendix B Column 9: Sum of Columns 7-8 Column 10: Column (9) minus Column (6) TABLE 30 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 2 Montenay Year Acre 1 Input Acre 2-4 Costs Acre : 5 Acre 6 Tot. Var. Costs Rape Return Wheat Return Barley Return Gross Return Net Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) 1951 $21.75 $74.58 $22. 65 $6. ,09 $125. 07 $39.41 $148. 98 $45.45 $233. 84 $108.77 1952 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 32.33 129. 83 47. 43 209. 59 84.52 1953 21. 75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 37.12 128. 96 37. 50 203. 58 78.51 1954 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 30.39 109. 32 33. 21 172. 92 47.85 1955 21. 75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 26.81 101. 85 30. 80 159. 46 34.39 1956 21. 75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 36.79 123. 85 38. 88 199. 52 74.45 1957 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 28.83 102. 18 28. 29 159. 30 34.23 1958 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. .09 125. 07 20.53 92. 89 28. 70 142. 12 17.05 1959 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 41.44 95. 54 24. 48 161. 46 36.39 1960 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 30. 72 143. 00 35. 25 208. 97 83.90 1961 21. 75 74.58 22. 65 6, ,09 125. 07 35.67 218. 38 50. 88 304. 93 179.86 1962 21. 75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 40.63 142. 76 42. 50 255. 89 100.82 1963 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 077 53.80 142. 46 33. 82 230. 08 105.01 1964 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125.07 52.63 155. 40 49. 00 257. 03 131.96 1965 21.75 74.58 22. 65 6. ,09 125. 07 46.41 166. 11 53. 00 265. 52 140.45 Average Net Return = $83.88 Sources: Columns 2-5: Appendix D -Column 6: Sum of Columns 2-5 Columns 7-9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 7-9 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (6) TABLE 31 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 3 Montenay Input Costs Tot.Var. Rape Wheat Barley Gross Net Year Acre i 1 Acre 2-3 Acre 4-5 Acre 6 Costs Return Re turn Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( I D 1951 $21. 75 $49. ,72 $45. .30 $6. ,09 $122. 86 $39. 41 $ 99.32 $ 90. ,90 $229. 63 $106.77 1952 21. 75 49. ,72 45. ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 32. 33 86.56 94. ,84 213. 73 90.87 1953 21. 75 49. ,72 45. ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 37. 12 85.98 75. ,00 198. 10 63.24 1954 21. 75 49. ,72 45, .30 6. 09 122. 86 30. 39 72.88 66. ,42 169. 69 46.83 1955 21. 75 49. 72 45, ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 26. 81 67.90 61. ,60 156. 31 33.45 1956 21. 75 49. , 72 45, .30 6. .09 122. 86 36. 79 82.57 77. ,76 197. 12 74.26 1957 21. 75 49. ,72 45, ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 28. 83 68.12 56, ,58 153. 53 30.67 1958 21. 75 49. , 72 45, .30 6. ,09 122. 86 20. 53 61.93 57. ,40 139. 86 17.00 1959 21. 75 49. ,72 45, .30 6. ,09 122. 86 41. 44 63.69 48, ,96 154. 09 31.23 1960 21. 75 49. ,72 45, ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 30. 72 95.34 71. ,00 197. 06 74.20 1961 21. 75 49. 72 45, ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 35. 67 145.59 101. ,76 283. 02 160.16 1962 21. 75 49. ,72 45, ,30 6. 09 122. 86 40. 63 95.17 85, ,00 220. 80 97.94 1963 21. 75 49. 72 45, .30 6. ,09 122. 86 53. 80 94.87 67. ,64 216. 31 93.45 1964 21. 75 49. 72 45, ,30 6. ,09 122. 86 52. 63 103.60 98. .00 254. 23 131.37 1965 21. 75 49. ,72 45, .30 6. ,09 122. 86 46. 41 110.74 106. ,00 263. 15 140.29 Average Net Return = $80.24 Sources: Columns 2-5: Appendix D Column 6: Sum of Columns 2-5 Columns 7-9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 7-8 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (6) TABLE 32 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 Montenay Input Costs Tot. Var. Hay Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-6 Costs Re turn Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) 1951 $12.69 $48.80 $61.49 $ 89.46 $27.97 1952 12.69 48.80 61.49 73.20 11. 71 1953 12.69 48.80 61.49 73.50 12.01 1954 12.69 48.80 61.49 51.84 - 9.65 1955 12.69 48.80 61.49 102.08 40.59 1956 12.69 48.80 61.49 54.56 - 6.93 1957 12.69 48.80 61.49 43.80 - 17.69 1958 12.69 48.80 61.49 48.24 - 13.25 1959 12.69 48.80 61.49 54.12 - 7.37 1960 12.69 48.80 61.49 58.88 - 2.61 1961 12.69 48.80 61.49 60.00 - 1.49 1962 12.69 48.80 61.49 67.32 - 5.83 1963 12.69 48.80 61.49 60.80 .69 1964 12.69 48.80 61.49 63.84 2.35 1965 12.69 48.80 61.49 90.24 28.75 Average Net Return = $4.64 Sources: Columns 2-3: B r i t i s h Columbia Department of Agriculture, Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 Sample Costs to Produce A l f a l f a Hay - Montenay ( V i c t o r i a , 1971) Sum of Columns 2-3 Appendix E Column (6) minus Column (4) TABLE 33 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 1 Halfway River Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Hay Wheat Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre ! 2-4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre ! 6 Costs Return Re turn Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $13. 92 $47. 91 $4.62 $15.68 $20.43 $102. 56 $39. 39 $173. ,60 $28.34 $241. 53 $138.77 1952 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20.43 102. 56 44. 64 144. ,90 22. ,35 211. 89 109.33 1953 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 34. 88 130. , 13 25. 56 190. 57 88.01 1954 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 26. 73 119. ,88 19. ,54 166. 15 63.59 1955 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 24. 26 208. ,56 17. ,84 250. 66 148.10 1956 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 37. 80 133. ,92 24. ,07 195. 79 93.23 1957 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 22. 77 122. ,85 17. ,29 162. 91 60.35 1958 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 23. 10 136. ,68 13. ,67 173. 45 70.89 1959 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 17. 34 139. 59 17. 54 174. 47 71.91 1960 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 31. 50 140. .16 28. 59 200. 25 97.69 1961 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 48. 96 165. ,00 50. ,25 264. 21 161.65 1962 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 39. 53 152. ,49 25. ,94 217. 96 115.40 1963 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 25. 37 141. ,60 24. ,61 191. 58 89.02 1964 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 45. 57 161. ,88 30. 61 238. 06 135.50 1965 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 20. 43 102. 56 51. 00 163. ,68 32. ,93 247. 61 145.05 Average Net Return = $105.90 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 34 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 2 Halfway River Year Acre 1 Input Acre 2-4 Costs Acre 4 Acre ! 5 Acre 6 Tot. Var. Costs Barley Re turn Oats Return Hay Return Gross Return Net Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( I D (12) 1951 $13. 92 $47. 91 $4.62 $15. 68 $50. 14 $102. 27 $39. 39 $17. 24 $173. 60 $230. 23 $127.96 1952 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 44. 64 21. 93 144. 90 211. 47 109.20 1953 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 34. 88 29. 01 130. 13 194. 02 91. 75 1954 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 26. 73 12. 60 119. 88 159. 21 56.94 1955 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 24. 26 20. 14 208. 56 252. 96 150.69 1956 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 37. 80 19. 95 133. 92 191. 67 89.40 1957 13. 92 47. 91 . 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 22. 77 13. 77 122. 85 159. 39 57.12 1958 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 23. 10 16. 37 136. 68 176. 15 73.88 1959 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 17. 34 13. 69 139. 59 170. 62 68.35 1960 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 31. 50 19. 52 140. 16 191. 18 88.91 1961 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 48. 96 26. 66 165. 00 240. 62 138.35 1962 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 39. 53 21. 69 152. 49 213. 71 111.44 1963 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 25. 37 10. 74 141. 60 177. 71 75.44 1964 13. 92 47. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 75. 57 22. 64 161. 88 230. 09 127.82 1965 13. 92 47'. 91 4.62 15. 68 50. 14 102. 27 51. 00 29. 97 163. 68 244. 65 142.38 Average Net Return = $100.64 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11; Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 35 Fi f t e e n Year Budget f or Rotation 3 Halfway River Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-•4 Acre 4 Acre i 5 Acre 6 Costs Return Return Re turn Re turn (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) 1951 $13.92 $47. 91 $4.62 $15. 68 $20.42 $102. ,55 $65. 65 $173. ,60 $239. 25 $136.70 1952 13.92 47. 91 4. .62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 74. 40 144. ,90 219. 30 116.75 1953 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 58. 13 130.13 188. 26 85. 71 1954 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 44. 55 119, ,88 164. 43 61.88 1955 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 40. 43 208, ,56 248. 99 146.44 1956 13.92 47. 91 4, .62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 63. 00 133, ,92 196. 92 94.37 1957 13.92 47. 91 4, ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 37. 95 122. ,85 160. 80 58.25 1958 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 38. 50 136. ,68 175. 18 72.63 1959 13.92 47. 91 4. .62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 28. 90 139, ,59 168. 49 65.94 1960 13.92 47. 91 4, .62 15. 68 20.42 102. ;55 52. 50 140, , 16 192. 66 90.11 1961 13.92 47. 91 4, .62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 81. 60 165, ,00 246. 60 144.05 1962 13.92 47. 91 4, ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 65. 88 152, ,49 218. 37 115.82 1963 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 42. 28 141. ,60 183. 88 81.33 1964 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 75. 95 161, ,88 237. 83 135.28 1965 13.92 47. 91 4. ,62 15. 68 20.42 102. ,55 85. 00 163. ,68 248. 68 144.13 Average Net Return = $103.13 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-9: Appendix E Column 10: Sum of Columns 8-9 Column 11: Column (10) minus Column (7) TABLE 36 F i f t e e n Year Budget for Rotation 4 Halfway River Input Costs Tot. Var. Barley Rape Hay Gross Net Year Acre 1 Acre 2-•4 Acre 4 Acre 5 Acre 6 Costs Re turn Re turn Re turn Return Re turn (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) 1951 $13.92 $47 .91 $4.62 $15.68 $19.31 $101.26 $39. 39 $25.34 $173. ,60 $238. 33 $137.07 1952 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 44. 64 18.66 144. 90 208. 20 106.94 1953 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 34. 88 22.64 130. 13 187. 65 86.39 1954 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 26. 75 17.13 119. 88 163. 74 62.48 1955 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. ,26 24. 26 12. 74 208. 56 245. 56 144.30 1956 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 37. 80 22. 72 133. 92 194. 44 93.08 1957 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 22. 77 15.97 122. 85 161. 59 60.33 1958 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. ,26 23. 10 10.48 136. 68 170. 26 69.00 1959 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 17. 34 25.36 139. 59 182. 29 81.03 1960 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 31. 50 17.46 140. 16 189. 12 87.86 1961 13. 92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. ,26 48. 96 21.20 165. 00 235. 16 133.90 1962 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 39. 53 24.15 152. 49 216. 00 114.91 1963 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 25. 37 33. 70 141. 60 200. 67 99.41 1964 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. ,26 45. 57 32.20 161. 88 237. 66 138.40 1965 13.92 47 .91 4.62 15.68 19.31 101. 26 51. 00 27.68 163. 68 242. 36 141.10 Average Net Return = $103.75 Sources: Columns 2-6: Appendix D Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Columns 8-10: Appendix E Column 11: Sum of Columns 8-10 Column 12: Column (11) minus Column (7) TABLE 37 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Cow-Calf Operation A l l D i s t r i c t s Year ' Barley Other Misc. Tot. Var. Steer Heifer Cow Gross Net Cost Costs Expenses Costs Return Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 1951 $5.05 $47.23 $1.90 $54.18 $61.97 $30.42 $34.40 $126.79 $69.61 1952 4.65 47.23 1.24 55.12 41.72 19.74 21.06 82.52 29.40 1953 3.75 47.23 .89 51.87 31.47 14.50 13.06 59.03 7.16 1954 4.05 47.23 .83 52.11 30.27 12.59 12.74 55.60 3.49 1955 3.95 47.23 .87 52.05 31.45 12.98 13.60 58.03 5.98 1956 3.60 47.23 .83 51.66 30.58 12.60 12.46 55.64 3.89 1957 3.45. 47.23 .92 51.60 32.64 13.99 14.72 61.35 9.75 1958 3.50 47.23 1.47 52.20 51.58 24.91 21.54 98.03 45.83 1959 3.40 47.23 1.34 51.97 46 ..07 21.75 21.25 89.07 37.10 1960 3.75 47.23 1.23 52.21 42.71 19.82 19.36 81.89 29.68 1961 4.80 47.23 1.35 53.38 47.63 22.64 19.95 90.22 36.84 1962 4.25 47.23 1.48 52.96 52.31 25.32 21.17 98,80 45.84 1963 . 4.45 47.23 1.46 53.14 50.32 23.90 23.22 97.44 44.30 1964 4.90 47.23 1.26 53.39 42.81 20.43 20.83 84.07 30.68 1965 5.00 47.23 1.26 53.49 45.42 20.01 19.18 84.33 30.84 Average Net Return = $28.69 Sources: Column 2: Column 3: Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 5 bushels x pr i c e of Barley (Appendix E) "Enterprise Budgets for 3 Cow-Calf Systems" - The Grain Growers, (Winnipeg: Unifed Grain Growers Ltd., 1969) p 420.818 1.5 per cent of Gross Return (Column 9) Sum of Columns 2-4 450 l b s . x .45 x pri c e of Steer Calves (Appendix E) The TABLE 37 (continued) Sources: Column 7: 400 l b s . x .29 x p r i c e of Heifer Calves (Appendix E) Column 8: 1000 lbs x .16 x p r i c e of Common Calves (Appendix,E) Column 9: Slim of-Columns 6-8 Column 10: Column (9) minus Column (5) to O TABLE 38 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Cow-rYearling Operation A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley Other Misc. Tot. Var. Steer Heifer Cow Tot. Net Cost Cost Costs Costs Return Return Return Return Return CD (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 1951 $20.00 $62.65 $2.77 $85.42 $100.52 $49.80 $34.40 $184.72 $99.30 1952 18.41 62.65 1.82 82.88 67.67 32.33 21.06 121.06 38.18 1953 14.85 62.65 1.32 . 78;82 51.05 23.74 13.06 87.85. 9.03 1954 16.04 62.65 1.24 79.93 49.11 20.61 12.74 82.46 2.53 1955 15.64 62.65 1.29 . 79.58 51.02 21.26 13.60 85.88 6.30 1956 14.26 62.65 1.24 78.15 49.60 20.63 12.46 82.69 4.54 1957 13:66 62.65 1.36 7.7.67 52.95 22.91 14.72 90.58 12.91 1958 13.86 62.65 1.84 78.35 69.74 31.55 21.54 122,83 44.48 1959 13.46 62.65 1.95 78.06 74.31 34.59 21.25 130.15 52.09 1960 14.85 62.65 1.72 79.22 66.23 29.35 19.36 114.94 35.72 1961 19.01 62.65 1.78 83.44 68.16 30.28 19.95 118.39 34.95 1962 16.83 62.65 2.00 81.48 77.03 35.12 21.17 133.32 51.84 1963 17.62 62.65 1.99 82.59 74.41 35.22 23.22 . 132.85 50.59 1964 19.40 62.65 1.78 83.83 67.01 31.15 20.83 118.99 35.16 1965 19.80 62.65 1.79 84.24 70.30 29.90 19.18 119 .'38 35.14 Average Net Return = $34.18 Sources: Column 2: Column 3: Column 4 Column 5 Column 6 19.8 bushels x pr i c e of Barley (Appendix E) "Enterprise Budgets for 3•Cow-Calf Systems" -The/Grain Growers, (Winnipeg United Grain Growers Ltd., 1969) p 420.818 1,5 per cent of Gross Returns (Column 9) Sum of Columns 2-4 730 l b s . x .45 x p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) The TABLE 38 (continued) Sources: Column 7: . 655 l b s . x .29 x price of Feeder Heifers.(Appendix E) Column 8: 1000 l b s . x .16 x price of Common Cows (Appendix E) Column 9: Sum of Columns 6-8 Column 10: Column (9) minus Column (5) to r- 1 to TABLE 39 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Feeder # 1 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year I n i t . Feed Other Labour Interest Tot. Var. Gross Net Cost Cost Cost' Cost Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $55.16 $2,27" $7.79 $4.07 . $283.49 $342.49 $59.00 1952 144.20 51.92 2.27 7.79 4.07. 210.25 255.18 44.93 1953 108.78 45.68 2.27 7.79 4.07 168.59 202.74 34.15 1954 104.65 47.18 2.27 7.79 4.07 165.96 200.57 34.68 1955 108.71 46.92 2.27 7.79 4.07. 169.76 198.60 28.84 1956 105.70 43.74 2.27 7,79 4.07 163.57 194.67 31.10 1957 112.84 41.63 • 2.27 7.79 4.07 168.60 187.23 18.63 1958 148.61 40.81 2.27 7,79 4.07 • 203.55 228.50 24.95 1959 158.34 43.67 2.27 7.79 4.07 . 216.14 245.05 28.91 1960 141.12 44.61 2.27 7.79 4.07 . 199.86 224.26 24.40 1961 145.25 53.44 2.27 7.79 • 4.07 212.82 223.95 11.13 1962 164.15 50.59 2.27 7.79 4.07 228.87 259.74 30.87 1963 158.55 54.13 2.27 7.79 4.07 226.81 235.32 8.51 1964 142.80 58.51 2.27 7.79 4.07 215.44 223.95 8.51 1965 149.80 58.51 2.27 7.79 4.07 222.44 238.94 16.50 Average Net Return = $26.98 Sources: Column 2: 700 l b s . x pr i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: Appendix D Column 4 and 5:' Alberta Department of Ag r i c u l t u r e j 1969 Alberta Beef Feeder Enterprise A n a l y s i s , [by'R.A. Wiens] ([Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 821-422-1, 1970) p 13 Column 6: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1034.39 l b s . x pr i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9:. Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE 40 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Feeder // 2 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year I n i t . Feed Other Labour Interest Tot. Var. Gross Net Cost Cost Costs Costs Costs Return Return 700 l b . ' (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $53.34 $6.43 $7.54 . $4.07 $285.58 $338.94 $53.36 1952 144.20 52.23 6.43 7.54 4.07 206.24 251.825 45.58 1953 108.78 45.236 6.43 7.54 4.07 163.83 200.64 36.81 1954 104.65 47.568 6.43 7.54 4.07 162.03 198.49 36.46 1955 108.71 46.791 6.43 7.54 4.07 165.31 196.55 31.24 1956 105.70 44.070 6.43 7.54 4.07 159.58 192.65 33.07 1957 112.84 . 42.904 6.43 7.54 4.07 165.55 185.29 19.74 1958 148.61 43.292 6.43 7.54 , 4.07 201.71 226.13 24.42 1959 158.34 42.515 6.43 7.54 4.07 210.67 • 242.51 31.85 1960 141.12 45.236 6.43 7.54 . 4.07 196.18 221.93 25.76 1961 145.25 53.399 6.43 7.54 4.07 206.46 221.62 15.16 1962 164.15 49.123 6.43 7.54 4.07 223.09 256.94 33.85 1963 158.55 50.678 6.43 7.54 4.07 219.04 232.89 13.85 1964 142.80 54.177 6.43 7.54 . 4.07 206.79 221.63 14.84 1965 149.80 54.954 6.43 7.54 4.07 214.57 236.47 21.90 Average Net Return = $25.67 Sources: Column 2: 700Hbs. x p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: Appendix D Column 4 and 5: Alberta Department of Agriculture, 1969 Alberta Beef Feeder Enterprise Analysis, [by R.A. Wiens] ([Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n NO. -821-422-1, 1970) p 13 Column 6: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 TABLE 40 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1023.68 l b s . x p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) r- 1 TABLE 41 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Feeder # 3 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year I n i t . Feed Other Labour Interest Tot.. Gross Net Cost Cost' Cost Cost Cost Return Return (1) (2) . (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $56,872 $2.27 $7.21 $4.07 $280.57 $339.21 $53.66 1952 144.20 53,792 2.27 7.21 4.07 207.47 249.02 41.54 1953 108.78 46.861 2.27 7.21 4.07 165.11 197.84 32.73 1954 104.65 49.172 2.27 7.21 4.07 163.30 195.72 32.42 1955 108.71 48.402 2.2-7, 7.21 4.07 164.59 193.80 27.21 1956 105.70 45.706 2.27 7.21 4.07 160.88 189.97 29.09 1957 112.84 44.551 2.27 7.21 4.07 166.87' 182.70 15.83 1958 148.61 44.936 2.27 7.21 4.07 203.02 222.98 19.95 1959 158.34 44.166 2.27 7.21 4.07 211.89 239.13 27.14 1960 141.12 46.861 2.27 7.21 4.07 197.46 218,84 21.38 1961 145.25 54.947 2.27 7.21 4.07 • 209.68 218.54 8.86 1962 164.15 50.712 2.27 7.21 4.07 . 224.34 253.36 29.01 1963 158.55 52.252 2.27 7.21 4.07 220.29 • 229.64 9.35 1964 142.80 55,717 2.27 7.21 4.07. 213.40 218.54 5.14 1965 149.80 56.487 2.27 7.21 4.07 • 215.76 233.17 17.41 Average Net Return = $20.64 Sources: Column 2: 700 l b s . x pric e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: Appendix Column 4 and 5:. Alberta Department of Agric u l t u r e , 1969 Alberta Beef Feeder Enterprise A n a l y s i s , [by R.A. Wiens] ([Edmonton:!: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 821-422-1, 1970) P 13 Column 6: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1009.4 l b s . x pr i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE - 42 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Feeder # 4 A l l D i s t r i c t s Year I n i t i Feed Other Labour Interest Tot. Var. Gross. Net Cost Cost Cost Cost' Cost Return Return . (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9). 1951 $214.20. $59.81 $2;27 $7.43 $4.07 $283.71 $337.36 $53.65 1952 144.20 56,. 45 2.27 7.43 4.07 210.35 251.37 41.02 1953 108.78 48.89 2.27 7.43 4.07 167.37 • 199.71 32.34 1954 104.65 51.41 2.27 7.43 4.07 165,76 197.57 31.81 1955 108.71 50.57 • 2.27 7.43 4.07 168.98 195.63 26.65 1956 105.70 47.63 2.27 7.43 4.07 163.03 191.76 28.73 1957 112.84 46.37 2.27 7.43 4.07 168.91 184.42 15.51 1958 148.61 46.79 2.27 7.43 4.07 205.10 225.08 19.98 1959 158.34 45.95 . 2.27 7.43 . 4.07 213.99 241.38 27.39 1960 141.12 48.89 2.27 7.43 4.07 ' 199.71 220.90 21.19 1961 145.25 57.71 2.27 7.43 4.07 212.66 220.60 7.94 1962 164.15 53.09 2.27 7.43 . 4.07 226.94 255.75 28.81 1963 158.55 54.77 2.27 7.43 4.07 223.02 231.80 8.78 1964 142.80 . 58.55 2.27 7.43 4.07 211.05 220.60 9.55 1965 149.80 59.39 2.27 7.43 4.07 218.88 235.37 16.48 Average Net Return = $20.58 Sources: Column 2: 700 l b s . x pri c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: Appendix D Column 4 and 5: Alberta Department of Agriculture, 1969 Alberta Beef Feeder Enterprise Analys [by R.A, Wiens] ([Edmonton]: P u b l i c a t i o n No. 821-422-1, 1970) p 13 Column 6: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 10018.92 l b s . x pr i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix, E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE 43 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Ro l l a Boundary Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot, Var. Gross Var. Net Costs Costs Costs Costs , Costs Costs Costs Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $38.22 $288.99 $349.72 . $60.73 1952 144.20 27.14 . 4.95 4.21 38.22 218.72 262.48 43.76 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 38.22 176.51 207.03 30.52 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 38.22 . 174.01 204.81 30.80 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 38.22 177.53 202.80 25.28 1956 105.70 19.54" 4,95 4.21 38.22 172.-62 198.79 26.17 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 38.22 178.94 191.18 12.24 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 38.22 214.98 233.33 18.35 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 38.22 224.17 250.23 26.06 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 38.22 208.55 229.00 20.15 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 38.22 218.68 228.68 10.00 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 38.22 234.87 . 265.12 30.25 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 38.22 230.08 240.30 10.22 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 38.22 216.77 228.68 11.91 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 38.22 224.32 243.99 19.67 Average Net Return =$25.07 Sources: • Column 2: 700 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: .6512 Ton of Barley times the p r i c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: Alberta Department of Agric u l t u r e , Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [by A.W.N. Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Column 5: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October 1971 Column 6: See Appendix D TABLE 43 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE 44 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Doe River Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) J (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $20.23 $271.00 $349.72 $78.72 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 20.23 200.73 262.48 61.95 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 20.23 158.52 207.03 48.51 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 20.23 156.02 204.81 48.79 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 20.23 159.54 202.80 43.27 1956 105.20 19.54 4.95 4.21 20.23 154.63 198.79 44.16 1957 112.89 18.72 4.95 4.21 20.23 160.95 191.18 30.23 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 20.23 . 196.99 - 233.33 36.34 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 20.23 206.18 250.23 44.05 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 20.23 190.56 229.00 38.14 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 20.23 200.69 228.68 27.99 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 20.23 216.88 265.12 48.24 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 20.23 212.09 240.30 28.21 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 20.23 ' 198.28 228.68 29.90 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 20.23 206.33 243.99 37.66 Average Net Return = $43.06 Sources: Column 2: 700 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: .6512 Ton of Barley times the p r i c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: Alberta Department of Agriculture, Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [by A.W.N. Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Column 5: Statement by.Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 6: See Appendix D TABLE 44 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8:- 1056.25 l b s . per steer times-price of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) txi TABLE 45 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Progress Year I n i t , Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot; Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs • Costs Costs Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $31.90 $282.67 $349.72 $69.05 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 31.90 212.40 262.48 50.08 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 31,90 170.19 207.03 36.84 1954 104.65' 21.98 4.95 4.21 31.90 167.69 204.81 37.12 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 31.90 171.21 202.80 31 ."60. 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 31.90 166.30 198.79 32.49 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 31.90 172.62 191.18 18.56 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 31.90 208.66 233.33 24.67 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 31.90 217.85 250.23 32.38 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 31.90 202.23 229.00 26.47 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 31.90 212.36 228.68 16.32 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 31.90 228.55 265.12 36.57 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 31.90 223.76 240.30 16.54 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.-21 31.9.0 210.45 228.68 18.23 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 31.90 218.00 243.99 25.99 Average Net Return = $31.39 Sources : Column 2: 700 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: .6512 Ton of Barley times the p r i c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: . Alberta Department of Agriculture , Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , Iby A.W.N. Erichsenl (Edmonton , 1971) Column 5: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 6: See.Appendix D TABLE 45 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 lbs. per steer times price of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) ho ro U> TABLE 46 Fi f t e e n Year Budget.For Pastured Beef Groundbirch Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $241.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $33.80 $284.57 $349.72 $65.15 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 33.80 214.30 262.48 48.18 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 33.80 172.09 207.03 34.94 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 33.80 169.59 . 204.81 35.22 1955 108.71 21.44 • 4.95 4.21 33.80 173.11 202.80 29.70 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 33.80 168.20 198.79 30.59 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 33.80 174.52 191.18 16.66 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 33.80 210.56 233.33 32.77 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 33.80 219.75 250.23 30.48 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 33.80 204.13 . 229.00 24.57 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 33.80 214.26 228.68 14.42 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 33.80 230.45 265.12 34.67 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 33.80 225.66 240.30 14.64 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 33.80 212.35 228.68 16.33 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 . 33.80 219.90 243.99 24.09 Average Net Return = $30.16 ources: Column 2: 700 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Feeder Steers•(Appendix E) Column 3: .6512 Ton.of Barley times the pri c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: Alberta Department of Agriculture , Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [ by A.W.N. . Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Column 5: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 6: See Appendix D TABLE 46 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE 47 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Sunset P r a i r i e Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs. Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $24.26 $275.03 $349.72 $74.69 1952 144.20 27.14 5.95 4.21 224.26 204.76 262.48 57.72 1953 108.78 20.35 " 4.95 4.21 24.26 162.55 207.03 44.40 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 24.26 160.05 204.81 44.76 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 24.26 163.57 202.80 39.24 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 24.26 158.66 198.79 40.13 ' 1957 112.844 18.72 4.95 4.21 24.26 164.98 191.18 . 26.20 1958 148,61 18.99 . 4.95 4.21 24.26 201.02 233.33 32.31 1959 ' 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 24.26 210.21 250.23 40.02 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 24.26 194.59 229.00 34.11 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 24.26 204.72 228.68 - 23.96 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 24.26 220.91 265.12 44.21 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 24.26 216.12 240.30 .24.18 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 24.26 202.81 228.68 25.87 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 24.26 210.36 243.99 33.63 Average Net Return = $39,03 Sources: Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5: Column 6: 700 l b s . per steer times pr i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) .6512 Ton of Barley times the pri c e of Barley (Appendix E) Alberta Department of Agriculture,. Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 See Appendix D [by A.W.N. TABLE 47 (continued) Sources: Column^: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 Lbs. per steer times p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) TABLE 48 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Baldonnel - Two Rivers Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest . Pasture Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs- Costs Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $37.92 $288.69 $349.72 $61.04 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 37.92 . 218,42 262.48 44.07 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 37.92 176.21 207.03 30.83 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 37.92 173.71 204.81 31.11 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 37.92 177.23 202.80 25.59 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 37.92 172.32 198.79 26.48 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 37.92 178.64 . 191.18 12.55 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 37.92 214.68 233.33 18.66 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 37.92 223.87 250.23 26.37 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 37.92 208.25 229.00 20.46 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 37.92 218.38 . 228.68 10.31 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 37.92 234.57 265.12 30.56 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 37.92 229.78 • 240.30 10.53 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 37.92 216.47 228.68 12.22 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95. 4.21 37.92 224.02 . 243.99 19.98 Average Net Return = $25.38 Sources: Column Column Column Column Column 700 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Feeder 1 Steers (Appendix E) .6512 Ton of Barley times the .price of Barley (Appendix E) Alberta Department of Agriculture, Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [by A.W.N. Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 See Appendix D TABLE 48 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Slim of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 l b s . per steer times price" of. Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) ro ro VD TABLE 49 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef C e c i l Lake Year I n i t . Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot. .Var, Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs . Costs .. Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $38.19 $288.96 $349.72 $60.76 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 38.19 218.69 262.48 43.79 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 38.19 176.48 . 207.03 30.55 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 38.19 173.98 204.81 30.83 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 . 4.21 38.19 177.50 202.80 25.31 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 38.19 . 172.59 198.79 26.20 1957 112.89 18.72 4.95 4.21 38.19 178.91 191.18 12.27 • 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 38.19 214.95 233.33 18.38 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 • 38.19 212.14 250.23 26.09 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 38.19 208.52 229.00 20.18 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 38.19 218.65 228.68 10.03 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 38.19 234.84 . 265.12 30.28 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 38.19 230.05 240.30 10.25 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 38.19 216.14 228.68 11.94 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 38.19 244.29 243.99 19.70 Average Net Return = $25.10 Sources: Column 2: 700 l b s . per steer times.price of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3: .6512 Ton of Barley times the pri c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 4: Alberta Department of Agric u l t u r e , Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [ by A.W.N. Erichsen ] (Edmonton, 1971) Column 5: Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 Column 6: See Appendix D TABLE 49 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sunioof Columns 2-6 Column 8: .1056.25 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) Lo TABLE 50 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Pastured Beef Montenay Year Init.. Barley Tallow Interest Pasture• Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $39.46 $290.23 $349.72 $59.49 1952 144.20 27.14 4.95 4.21, 39.46 219.96 262.48 42.52 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.211 39.46 177.75 207.03 29.28 1954 104.65 21.98 . 4.95 4.2l' 39.46 175.25 204.81 29.56 1955 108.71 21.44 4.95 4.21 * 39.46 178.7.7 202.80 24.04 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95 4.21 39.46 173.86 198.79 24.93 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 39.46 180.18 • 191.18 11.00 1958 148.61 18.99 • 4.95 4.21 39.46 216.22 233.33 17.11 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 39.46 225.41 250.23 24.82 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 39.46 209.79 229.00 18.91 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.21 39.46 219.92 . 228.68 8.76 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 39.46 236.11 265.12 29.01 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 39.46 231.32 240.30 8.98 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21 39.46 218.01. 228.68 10.67 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 39.46 225.56 243.99 18.43 Average Net Return = $23. 16 Sources: • Column 2 700 Lbs. per steer times p r i c e of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) Column 3 .6512 Ton of Barley times the p r i c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column. 4 : , Alberta Department of Agriculture , Pasture Fattening of Beef . C a t t l e , [by .A.W.N. Erichsen] (Edmonton , 1971) Column 5 Statement by Jack Dobb,. personal interview, October, 1971 Column 6 See Appendix D TABLE 50 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 l b s . per steer times price of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) ro TABLE 51 F i f t e e n -Year Budget For Pastured Beef Halfway River Year I n i t . ' Barley Tallow Interest Pasture Tot. Var. Gross Net Costs Costs Costs Costs Costs . Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $214.20 $27.41 $4.95 $4.21 $26.59 $277.36 $349.72 $72.36 1952 114.20 27.14 4.95 4.21 26.59 207.09 262.48 55.39 1953 108.78 20.35 4.95 4.21 26.59 • 164.88 207.33 42.15 1954 104.65 21.98 4.95 4.21 26.59 162.38 204.81 42.43 1955 108.71 .21.44 4.95 4.21 26.59 165.90 202.80 36.91 1956 105.70 19.54 4.95. 4.21 26.59 160.99 198.79 37.80 1957 112.84 18.72 4.95 4.21 26.59 167.31 191.18 23.87 1958 148.61 18.99 4.95 4.21 26.59 203.35 233.33 29.98 1959 158.34 18.45 4.95 4.21 26.59 212.54 250.23 37.69 1960 141.12 20.35 4.95 4.21 26.59 196.92 229.00 31.78 1961 145.25 26.05 4.95 4.2-1 26.59 . 207.05 228.68 21.63 1962 164.15 23.35 4.95 4.21 26.59 223.24 265.12 41.88 1963 158.55 24.15 4.95 4.21 26.59 218.45 240.30 21.85 1964 142.80 26.59 4.95 4.21. 26.59 205.14 228.68 23.54 1965 149.80 27.14 4.95 4.21 26.59 212.69 243.99 31.30 Average Net Return = $35.70 Sources: Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5: Column 6: 700 l b s . per steer times price of Feeder Steers (Appendix E) .6512 Ton of Barley times the pri c e of Barley" (Appendix E) Alberta Department of Agriculture, Pasture Fattening of Beef C a t t l e , [by A.W.N.- Erichsen] (Edmonton, 1971) Statement by Jack Dobb, personal interview, October, 1971 See Appendix D TABLE 51 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: 1056.25 l b s . per steer times p r i c e of Choice Steers (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) N3 Co Cn TABLE 52 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Confinement Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Feed Other Total Lamb Other To t a l Net Costs • Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) 1951 $31.78 $13.82 $45.60 $69.89 $5.95 $75.84 $30.24 1952 30.48 13.82 44.30 49.89 5.95 55.84 11.54 1953 27.47 13.82 41.29 44.87 5.95 50.82 9.53 1954 28.50 13.82 42.32 42.11 5.95 48.06 5.74 1955 28.11 13.82 41.93 39.34 5.95 45.29 3.36 1956 26.98 13.82 40.80 40.56 5.95 46.51 5.71 1957 26.51 13.82 40.33 41.69 5.95 47.64 7.31 1958 26.66 13.82 40.48 44.00 5.95 49.95 9.10 1959 26.36 13.82 40.18 38.98 5.95 44.93 4.75 1960 27.61 13.82 41.43 38.51 5.95 44.46 3.03 1961 31.03 13.82 44.85 36.78 5.95 42.73 - .2.12 1962 29.24 13.82 43 .06 37.78 5.95 43.73 .67 1963 29.94 13.82 43.76 39.56 5.95 45.51 1.75 1964 31.30 13.82 45.12 40.23 5.95 46.18 1.06 1965 31.67 13.82 45.49 46.00 5.95 51.95 6.46 Averag e Net Return = $6.54 Sources: Column 2: Table 74, Appendix D Column 3 and 6 : Alberta Department of Agriculture , Sheep Production: Budgets - 1970, [by V.M. Gleddie], ([ Edmonton] : Publ i c a t i o n 430-90, 1970) p 3 Column 4: Sum of Column 2 and 3 Column 5: 10546/Lamb x 2 .1 Lamb x pr i c e of Lamb Column 7: Sum of Columns 5 and 6 Column 8: Column (7) minus Column (4) TABLE 53 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Conventional Sheep A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Barley- Other Other Tot. Var. Lamb Other Gross' Net Costs Feed Costs Costs Costs Return Return Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $3.54 $7.48 $12.33 $23.35 $49.53 $5.95 $55.48 $32.13 1952 3.26 7.48 12.33 23.07 35.36 5.95 41.31 18.25 1953 ! 2.63 7.48 . 12.33 22.44 31.80 5.95, 37.75 15.31 1954 2.84 7.48 12.33 22.65 29.85 5.95 35.80 13.15 1955 2.77 7.48 12.33 22.58 27.88 5.95 33.83 11.25 1956 2.52 7.48 • 12.33 22.33 28.74 . 5.95 34.69 12.36 1957 2.42 7.48 12.33 22.23 29.55 5.95 35.50 13.27 1958 2.45 7.48 • 12.33 22.26 31.19 5.95 37.14 14.88 1959 2.38 7.48 12.33 22.19 27.29 5.95 33.24 11.05 1960 2.63 7.48 12.33 22.44 26.07 5.95 32.02 9.58 1961 3.36 7.48 12.33 23.17 . 26.78 5.95 32.73 10.55 1962 2.98 7.48 12.33 22.79 28.04 5.95 33.99 11.20 1963 3.12 7.48 12.33 22.93 28.51 5.95 34.46 11.53 1964 3.43 7.48 12.33 23.24 32.60 5.95 38.55 15.31 1965 3.-50 7.48 12.33 23.31 34.65 5.95 40.60 17.29 Average Net Return = $14.50 Sources: Column 2: 168 l b . x bu./48 l b . x pr i c e of Barley Column 3: . Hay: 705 l b . x Ton/2000 l b . x $20/Ton Straw: , 170 l b . x Ton/2000 l b . x $5/Ton Columns 4 and 7: Alberta Department of Agriculture , Sheep Production: Budgets,- 1970, [BY V.M. Gleddie], ([Edmonton] : Pu b l i c a t i o n 430-90, 1970) p 3 TABLE 53 (continued) Sources: Column. 5 Column 6 Column 8 Column 9 Sum of Columns 2-4 105 lbs./Lamb x 1.5 Lambs x price of Lambs Sum of Columns 6 and 7 Column (8) minus Column (5) 00 TABLE 54 F i f t e e n Year Budget For Farrow - F i n i s h Swine A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Sow Hog Med. Other Death Tot. Var. Gross Net Feed Feed Vet Costs Loss Costs Return Return (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 1951 $4.83 $17.40 $.52 $3.93 $1.60 $28.28 $53.33 $25.05 1952 4.56 16.13 .52 3.93 1.20 26.34 39.88 13.54 1953 4.07 14.95 .52 3.93 1.39 24.86 46.48 21.62 1954 4.27 15.77 .52 3.93 1.42 25.91 47.26 21.35 1955 4.21 15.60 .52 3.93 1.07 25.33 35.76 10.43 1956 3.95 14.16 .52 3.93 1.13 23.69 37.70 14.01 1957 3.87 13.71 .52 3.93 1.35 23.38 45 .02 21.64 1958 3.93 14.47 .52 3.93 1.21 24.06 40.28 • 16.22 1959 3.94 15.31 .52 3.93 .98 24.68 32.74 8.06 1960 4.13 15.72 .52 3.93 .•?98- 25.28 32.82 7.54 1961 4.69 16.90 .52 3.93 1.15 27.19 38.44 11.25 1962 4.37 15.69 .52 3.93 1.22 25.73 40.82 15.09 1963 4.46 15.91 .52 3.93 1.23 26.05 41.07 15.02 1964 4.72 16.82 .52 3.93 1.10 27.09 36.72 9.63 1965 4.84 17.80 .52 3.93 1.32 28.41 44.03 15.62 Average Net Return = $15.07 Sources: Column 2: Appendix D, Table 75 Column 3: Appendix D, Table 76 Columns 4 and 5: "Costs to Use for a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Growers, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd., 1967) p 440.818 Column 6: 3 per cent of Gross Return (Column 8) IS) u> TABLE 54 (continued) Sources: Column 7: Sum of Columns 2-6 Column 8: Dressed Weight x Hog Price (Appendix E) Column 9: Column (8) minus Column (7) 4> o TABLE 55 Fi f t e e n Year Budget For Feeder Swine A l l D i s t r i c t s Year Purchase Oat- Barley Mineral Other Death Tot. Var. Gross Net Price Cost Cost & 35% Costs Loss Cost Return Return Supp, (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 1951 $13.50 $6.64 $3.96 $3.46 $3.74 $.80 $32.10 $53.33 $21.23 1952 9.38 5.68 3.64 3.46 3.74 .60 26.51 39.88 13.37 1953 10.50 5.46 2.94 3.46 3.74 .70 26.80 46.48 19.68 1954 12.00 5.97 3.17 3.46 3.74 .71 29.05 47.26 18.21 1955 8.00 5.97 3.09 3 .46 3.74 .54 24.80 35.76 10.96 1956 8.75 4.81 2.82 3.46 3.74 .57 24.15 : 37.70 13.55 1957 15.25 4.61 2.70 3.46 3.74 .68 30.47 45.02 14.55 1958 9.38 5.15 2.74 3.46 3.74 .60 25.07 40.28 15.21 1959 7.63 5.94 2.66 3.46 3.74 .49 . 23.92 32.74 8.82 1960 8.81 5.79 2.94 3.46 3.74 .49 25.23 32.82 7.59 1961 10.68 6.14 3.76 3.46 3.74 .58 28.36 38.44 10.08 1962 10.75 5.62 3.33 3.46 3.74 .61 27.51 40.82 13.31 1963 11.03 5.33 3.49 3.46 3.74 .62 27.67 41.07 13.40 1964 10.03 6.18 3.84 3.46 3.74 .55 27.80 36.72 8.92 1965 11.12 6.90 3.92 3.46 3.74- .66 29.80 44.03 14.23 Average Net Return = $13.54 Sources: Column 2: 50 l b s . x p r i c e of Feeder Hogs Column 3: 350 lbs . x bu./34 l b s . x pri c e of Oats (Appendix E) Column 4: 148 lbs . x bu./48 l b s . x pri c e of Barley (Appendix E) Column 5 and 6: " Costs to Use for a Swine P a r t i a l Budget", The Grain Growers, (Winnipeg: The United Grain Growers Ltd , 1967) p 440.818 TABLE 55 (continued) Sources: Column 7: 1.5 per cent of Gross Returns (Column 9) Column 8: Sum of Columns 2-7 Column 9: Dressed Weights x Hog Price (Appendix B) Column 10: Column (9) minus Column (8) APPENDIX G Linear Program Input and Output . 243 244 Constraint Codes Used i n the Computer Output Codes i n Codes i n Matrix A n a l y s i s 3 Constraints 1 Objective Function (Gross Margin) 2 1 Fixed C a p i t a l ($100) 3 2 Land (Acres) 4 3 Labour - Jan. - Mar. (Hrs) 5 4 Labour - A p r i l - June (Hrs) 6 5 Labour - July - Sept. (Hrs) 7 6 Labour - Oct. - Dec. (Hrs) 8 7 Barley Available (Ton) 9 8 Rapeseed Available (Ton) 10 9 Oats Available (Ton) 11 10 Hay Available (Ton) 12 11 Wheat Available (Ton) aUsed i n : Dual Solution Vector Right Hand Side Ranging 245 A c t i v i t y Codes Used i n the Computer Output Codes i n Matrix Codes i n A n a l y s i s 2 A c t i v i t i e s 1 1 Rotation 1 2 2 Rotation 2 3 3 Rotation 3 4 4 Rotation 4 5 5 Cow-Calf (Cow) 6 6 Cow-Yearling (Cow) 7 7 Beef Feeding #1 (Steer) 8 8 Beef Feeding #2 (Steer) 9 9 Beef Feeding #3 (Steer) 10 10 Beef Feeding #4 (Steer) 11 11 Beef-Pasture F i n i s h (Steer) 12 12 Sheep-Confinement (Ewe) 13 13 Sheep-Regular (Ewe) 14 14 Hog-Farrow-Finish (Sow) 15 15 Hog-Feeder (Hog) 16 16 Buy Barley (Ton) 17 17 Buy Rapeseed (Ton) 18 18 Buy Oats (Ton) 19 19 Buy Hay (Ton) 20 20 Buy Wheat (Ton) 21 21 Buy Labour (Jan.-Mar.) (Hrs) 22 22 Buy Labour (April-June) (Hrs) 23 23 Buy Labour (July-Sept.) (Hrs) 24 24 Buy Labour (Oct.-Dec.) (Hrs) 25 Right Hand Side (Constraint Le 25 Slack 1 - Cap i t a l ($100) 26 Slack 2 - Acerage (Acres) 27 Slack 3 - Labour (Jan.-Mar.) ( 28 Slack 4 - Labour (April-June) 29 Slack 5 - Labour (July-Sept.) 30 Slack 6 - Labour (Oct.-Dec.) ( 31 Slack 7 - Barley (Ton) 32 Slack 8 - Rapeseed (Ton) 33 Slack 9 - Oats (Ton) 34 Slack 10 - Hay (Ton) 35 Slack 11 - Wheat (Ton) Used i n ; I t e r a t i o n Log Primal ..Solution Vector The Reduced Costs Objective Function C o e f f i c i e n t Ranging .-I V: o- c • si O c- o c c; c , o o '.v o c ~~-' c. O i r . I f r/\ CJ O O <> <"•> o o cv c C O.O.O o o o c c. o o o o o o c o c o 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 ' 0 0 0 <v o 0 0 ;^ rv1 O I-i". tj"\ O c • • • • • • * B o . 0 0 0 0 O O O O 0 O C O INJ o o o i". C- <x o • * * • O' o o o C> o w o 6 o o o . 1 • * * 0 -i <r C- 0 0 . >o ex.' C-if. O -Lf- r\j c* C 0 r, „ • r- r\" C CJ • 0- C- r , ""- 0 ; • • r v 0 '•' _J O < * « 0 O « O ". • c C7 * O C O ' 0 -c : » * > * r v • '' • * O ~-1 * • • « • * * % • O 0 c ; 1 c O 0 C i O I O CD 0 t—i 0 c 1 •I'- '•' .1: ' . 'S, 0 c- : u". c C3 0 0 C i O 0 O O O -"„'* \"- V-.- 0 >C; r.- 0 O O CJ '• f v O O -• 0 1 -L'"- f- c r j C.i 0 O C- 0 y> -. • « c !-• <7 c O u'» LP. t n \X\ t- ft O C ' * • » « t 0 c * .. • • _J ro U : O Ni" vj" O —•< 0 c- r v CC O c fV « r- • - * •r v * . ; « • » • 1 t • * * c- • cv -d-C O 0 c 0 O O 0 0 0 O 0 c c> O " O C- • . ^* 1 •r—i 0 U-! 0 C ' O O C ' • . • <f 0 0 CJ O 0 0 O CJ <T- O 0 ' O O O- f- v.. 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' • |T\ i T i 1ft •** r- ce « CO 0- (X C. ,~i — i o • OJ * o o o • * r * • O C O O O *> O C c* M.f !\< •JJ *- T -r- <r CO U l 1 T-•O' O J f—i « ro. * L O , I O —4 I1—1 "> ~-' O ! .~f •o "NJ • ' * O J • i 1 O i : : " - ' 7 . . , 252 V o o ' .cc O r v O 0>'o - J o O CV. o .... o . o o o I '. O O O o —• 1 . ('. O o o ' o o o c. i o ,ir. if. ir- u C. O C i O O O • i • o o o o C O O O " o c- o - o O C C O o ir. I I * u i io * • * • « C o O O O - O CO o o o o o o r- 2' o o o o •c o c O c • a r-.. c o o o IT1. O 1.1 cr-. ITS o IM • • • • • « o O o o o o - J Ci I o c- o Q o o c> o c i O O o o • o r- ' .-cr- -' • r-.j o '• o o 0-c; Q ro o o o o o ' O O i\l CN o p -.:> o o o O .O. r r ; O c. C O o j ; f ; •—t o o c* O C (T. c- I J - C: O O u> cs: ; 0 O • • •CO * Ov.1 O • •: '• _f <t- • o « • * • C ; O * O . t. C- 0 O O c 0 -• ro • '• • • • O J •' G ,—1 • • • c * « * • J V O . o c O o I 0 0 ' O 1 O O 0 . T—( O 0> | V o ' C - Ci o r j * o; o C O O 0 O 0 r_. b LT\ c -* c o c '.pl a ^, <i v£- 0 O 0 O c: r v c o • sT, —1 c 1— Lf' 0 C 0 O 0 • . •* « o o O i CM • • CJ I T . L P LP. L P ^> • O o _ l CO • c • » *' « —t — i C_J. » O __ r<; LT> v7 <I" a- C/ c: CJ c- ; c< - • O rv: • ro f* LT' « * O,' « c- • * • » 0 • « « • * • * c; ro <?• o o c; O 0 c- 0 0 0 O o o CJ (—' c- c 1 L l j -r—( rv - • <}• o r\! o O or: o O O 0 0 0 0 c- C ' c- O NC- <r o ,—1 o~ O 0 0 0 0 <• O r v r o .--« o ,—1 0 " «:;; 0 C' 0 0 0 C- 0 : r- CC . c> • * O • o„* o • r\.' L". Ll". LP. U". cv r-( » • o • o C J • • ( i r i 0 (- O - r- •—i 0 0 LP. • r v O 0 - "" C X- • • « * vi- • r—< » • r ' * «- t * • « • O , l l V: o o o 1 c; O O c 0 0 O 0 O . 0 O c II I I l l V - 1 1 <y. oo o r—t i i j •—• C-i— r—J ;> • s 1 t ~ f~ L_ ILJ i—• — ; *— ' ' :'• on O >- C CC _ o ' . r o O C ; 0 C3 C - c . co c „i i r r o ' •4' sT C: CT- c C"- cr- 0 I P . tv* 0 <f — •1 >—< C i n .—' c t-~, L P C?JJ 0 cc - p r v c. c> ~ ' h- x • C- « », !-"• * O • • 0 ir- t o « c« O C y - L_" ' ' - J o V • c o c; « - J J- LTi C - LT • O C" O ro rv.i e c l u 1.) o ' T>. Q CM rr.i • 0 * —1 » 1 * CV; •—! • » • < • • « • c t p/ ^ , >- •;'. o ' o c r 1 i . C ' ;o O O O O C": O O O 0 0 0 0 U - J ~ l C; C ' _J- r LU UL CT; > r . p.: t - L'J *> O' cr K-* <*.•• • ' "rv.' O — r~ f • r~. .-<-\ O r*~ r-- o.i 1—; i ' I t— ; u •f •—I •,*v "O ' O L P rv.; r-s :f: o (_> O <^ -> <~- •J") i~: r— ,—( ~' L U . '. • »• _o »• : P fT- 0 0 r— , p \P. . .+ m -"> - . —1 » • • C- • r-. •O » r-i _) LP c* • ( -.1-PA O L P O _ J r v 0 t r CO ' . r-;, CM - r : » r-; *• c vi.r t • • • * • I " • r . O • « o — ^ 1 C" t 1 0 O O O O O O 1 0 O Li" an x i—. i-« < o V - 1 r-< V rv r- —: O r ; 0 r~ O .—t ,—^ <7 o c. -1- .4- 1^ rr- r. C ; O (NJ r j IT" ' I A ^ \ —r r v C ' r-/ L_* CT- . «• vO < —t O ' . * • r" NJJ" CO L". , < r i _J • « • • ,'_*) • • If _ J iH . 0 • 0 i n vi^ O O O ~ J O J CJ O CJ> LL ' CM * O J • —f * « vO i 17: (O Ti • • * • « * 1 * C • * U J — J r r — i ! u ro o 1 o 1 0.1 .' P 0 CI- c; O O O O 0 O O n ' o rf! -—; 1 . 1 L U • -* I - l -" U - J I — - M ro •i~ J"I >-~ o •M . -< ' • J •v"\ •4- . r \ ' 0 r- ro •j> r-« *M ~H .VI <o J>"" i ^ --* —< ~-'• ' 1 ::> "j • 'f. 1- • u . •r • > K "<r :£ -<• "f- v. "£ "X -r; "X :^  .;T •rf ' a o 'D C.J 0 c c:- C ) ' 3 O cri O O O . C . a:. O ' X u ' if: a: cc 0*. Q: u : . - -. oi •CM O O . . 0 -_) • o o •-< • o 1 0 CO cj' T 1 O —I "• o r- o - 1 o o 1 o o c. 0 0 o c o o o c o c 0 0 0 0 o c o o. o. o o o O O O C i O C J * « . . . . . . O O O . O O C i O O O o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 * o o '. . -o -o O O O • O O C " ' I . o « o I o o •. ..... C J . - .. •'-o o D . O O t * . o 1 0 0 • O C G —1 . . . . I O O O 253 .HOW ROW KOW 33w P.CW "37 P.UW i 0 0.0ri j. i. 0,0 ROW i t 0.0 -1.0000 0.0 o.o • • • 0.0 0.0 0.0 o T o - — 0.0' -l.OOOO .0 o.o 0.0 ~o7o 0.0 - 1. 0000 0.0 -CO o.o • o.o •• 0-0 0. 0 -1 .0000 0.0 0.0 "TTo-0. c OiO-"o r r 0. 0 0.0 "o"7o" 0.0 0.0 ITg-ci T I UN LOO:-ITEHAT ION OBJ.FUN, VAR.IN 'VAR.OUT • 780.W 700.00 ' 760.OQ 700.00 0.0 - 0. 0 •. 0.0 .-. •0.0 0,0 ,' : •V. '.• I PHA3: I ! BF-OIO-IS Ft45 I OL F •1 o.o-. 6 31 £- ' " . o . o -3.- .'- 34 J' • 103 76 P. • 2 5 :; ii6 3/'. 2. •16 . • .4 .5 - 274 v ; . i . "•- 19 • 3 0 2 79; 5.1 . 11 26 . OP r i i-i A L VALUc OF TH: OBJECT IV £ F-UNC-T !Qi\S= 2799 5.15 ' '--•v 5 '. -PRIMAL 0 GLUT VA31 <\0 L? ION 7 00!''•?: • VVLUr. 7 5 4.0762 i I i ..: 2 2 L 1 0 .' 1. 1 6 j 2 17.7753 4 02 . °60 ) 14 7.2315 240. v4 2 7 l o • 1 rf- ' 2 / 23 •2?' 37" '32 3 3 32 SLACK 3 SLACK 4 •SLACK 5' ooorrrTorr ~so'r;:2—r SI A0. K 3 -SLACK 9' SLACK I I •0. 0 •0.0 0.0 :o,.o::v oo t THFKhOUCEC COSTS! V-ARi Ali LE • . - VALUE 3 5 7 ii.'-.V .' 10 7C1.4694 712.7644 706.5573_ "702.9909 3 '-• ": .34-56 395 .3614 1 .7 79 94 3 . 6. ? i " 9 5 6 7.13 5065 J-4 13 Iv' 15 17 • ib 4i . :2 : -V , .'2 1. 0,2 2 4,2' 30.05091 .3.). 167" -1 . 2 00000 1.2 COO 00' ; c if- l > cr-V- 'J u • •.)' O ' O- U< , u- U- o : ~*. • r v CM r\l r\> ( • » • • o o o ° o -J u.: r-j CM r j I\I <M r\ l\J o- r> '•U c • t'Vj • • • rc r~1 a . c . L i . o • C cr; -co - r-": if- C r'\ 0- <•• r- r- i -• o o o CT- c-! o o< o» o ? -j o o> o O 'J-i l A ,-=) CM sJ-« i-o o mm.: CM r— o o — rO CM 00 CM ;:• *~ l - I~ -<z v. it y '-• i i I I I i T . #—( < i a'. <-J ' •o c • C : * o 'J- u > o i c r C CO •O ~~~ •—( re, LO. CM * • » « C-J O J a-C O o- C- O :v c; -::;.o- -c- o I-- O-~~/ f.!' ^ I LL' o <~". c a O I- ' n"; rv r". t.v <:• r> C. I- if, . . . a-•:• o CM O z K .• : L U . 1-^  ti. i i ~r .C i s s. I I I I • I I C\i Ci C C. O C! C; '.* o o o c: ci- o-• • I l . l ' o c r-j r v I I I I I I 5 c-, cr r- C c«-; o C-C-' C o C-X CX 1 • c. CY —' o X rr t- --a 255 > v y C O -IL U. LL C >z T.: c: 2 : o o e o o o c - c > ~- 0 ;;j cc co c c:. , . , 0 C.v C -J." ""1 i-A D rv) • * I a: UJ > — '— uj r^: O O U.i l i j *~< 11. c . U-Q « . LI.1 or ci X o UJ . "DC o C: ' o o o O • C ; o A i Ci ; : o o C J 256;: cu AJ O <_"> '."^ c. r- ,AJ o c> • „• • to. "1 c .ci C- <J o • • • C J c- Cf o Cf c CA • OJ O ,"A l.A lA lA tA- 4 O -" ! —J • o C J A' 'O O o r t ' " o oj • * • • • * « • . • « • O • I t • t * • « ; .•. o "7.1 O C , o o o o . :o 1 o O c; c: o r c; Q cr 1 c r . a- o o f~: o c c Ci c< o. ~ < — —< o C » o • • • -. o —. . . . . . . cr <• C O c C c c-*• 3' c C ^ (J c; ' .O cr Aj Co o O LO L.' ti" l A o C; Af • C' C J o CM o c C : O • C"^ .' - ' - . • • - O Aj * * • • • • • • t * * : o v s * • • o o c C-O / o c* o- • 1 o o c C.J o c-- c O o ( o co o c> O o o CO C"j" *- ( o * r - o o C- C ! C O • 1—t o o A - o o o «*":• to o o y » • o cr c. — t rc • A' o • _J LA lA U O AN • o o OJ o . -J • o o o o o b • o C ) "•' • •• . a CM • » • • • ,-i « • « CJ —< • • • • • • * * • 3 o o o o o ( o o o o o o o 3 1 o •A) o o o o J". o / o •> a'; A o •o o -A C" • r-J. o r) 0s-rA C ' C"J Ci -i' C > o :r * • — i o o o c- rv o • (\» 3 . O rA LA I A * C' c-' o o o o o o • CJ o CJ rv • • • • • ' c •• • • " . - cr * * • • - • « • • * ' •' c; o o C.^  o C : C ' o : ° 1 o CJ Q o c> i o e o o O o o C J c o : o o o co rA o LA C- oo o r*4 o o •-•i LA r- \S: LA o . - CJ ! % • LA o 0s <; A- cc f <M o —I » ' • • • • c * o _J • c; o o o • o cr c o . • C • rA o • * • • e cr • • » • * o o C J o o o 1 o c> o o o I Co •o o c» * -. . ' ' cr i C - U Co C = o C"* LA c? o a o C,' o o o: to. C' o CA '3 o c* A; CJ -A c- Ci cr o o Co CM o o .— i C " 1- A C- rv- C' c* o c- a LA • * • • * .A A- o c> OJ • - • cv in 1/1 LA. LA A- • o o C G * * « • • o • o (A LA c- u I—t CJ O CM C O :' o C M ro UV < • • As. • .' o r—« • • • • • - • • c CM <* ! ;o CJ C.i o C> - .o o C V CJ C J C "J o o rj C J c <_' O •« , ' . o o • '<y C < c O c C J o O C" o c Co o o o o o •• o CO c o o o C J C-' f J.J o o <r O ' o L— o JO (J- c> o- c o o to AJ A- OJ o • * • C J A- Ai r\i C^  • ( r< LA 1/. L.A CM A" *—i ro • « o • • o * rA o • LA LA o A- A CJ c LA CM o o CO • o". 0- * r—1 • » O r~t • « . • • • * • * • • Q • o C - C- 1 O 1 o o o o o CJ o c cr CJ' o •' o o CJ h- 1 1 • o <-"_ I a; o LLi I-- ro .A Cj C J o r> C - (A o CO- o o o O o Ci V~! fj C ' C ^ C J CO f- J C' c- lA, (V o TT. r-T •\; C J A1 •0 •A C- LA C O C- '.A o O! C". O * A-'0 c rA •:o C - . * - • r-•> C J ro u> <- LA '. * <f o • _J « - • c * • o c o C LA C-Lf\ • c-; Al cr o . 1 r>.' o o . c: (O • C ^ « .-I • * vO • -  * * • • • • » •CD t >- cr o C V 1 C " o 1 O ' ci o O o o c; C J o cr. • l_> C3 1 c? o <t cr A; O , c- o o OJ c o r<-. rA o c o CM O u.i u» '.A C •o c C J C O •C* fjj '-A CM C^  <c CO -A "0 ... t~ (." ~c r- vA vU- —» • * cr;- r" • rr O A» V.'.* • •T ' * • • C A * • c s • * C O ' « l.A < J • • rA O LA C J CM o o fO * OJ -> * •0 « • O o • « i—J .—i — t • • ~» • • .CJ . . < •o o o c 1 o o O rj cr cr o o o o f 1 J* ^; o O o o '.A c O-o i—•. o A o C ' O o LA CM o ^ ; c: o •b A. l A CM o ":J ro A' O r\. —f A" Ai —< a; o r-* o CLJ * C O c: C1 Oj —1 C ' • CA •A c* C ' LA o" » Ci « ( • c o < zo Al CA « Cl UA CJ O o o _j C*J o o •' o CO 1.7S C " < ,—1 « * »A « ro « .—1 . • 0 * a * o r cr I o 1 O a o C' o o 3 o CJ c:» CJ o 1 c c_. ,~4 \J •J- uA ^ "0 —( Ai A :A o C O 7> *r» < . -i *"* —4 it :r: X :v r :.- :x 'X. - r :.<• :=e ' ' ^ :< ~< 'Z CA CT! 3 o ;r o Ci o 3 3 6 o 6 o 3 3 o o 0V5 a. rA c.< cV a' tr; if. or or or. A' a. or A'.' or f-0 * 5 O <P O i _ ' C J CO cc cv CO o o r- rr ^ • • . o o o • o ! o i o o o a «-o o » • i >—< • » t? o o i c. o c r- c. • c o cr. o o i l o o o o c * O O • o t ,—I O ( o <_J O *J> O O.CD O O o o o 7J O 6 c'. nc w o o o o o o o LA . o o O r:> O » > ..J UJ 7J o fO O O •-< UJ »—t _J CsJ .-4 -< <i <T ' UJ —« r>* rr LA. •.A .7T. IU 'JJ •cj" -z. O o X uj A. *— O. U. O rA t! y r j cc. o «7*".' I--o — i r—< ... u. UJ ;> ' ~") ro r v rA cu C' o <T* I!! C - -> • J. A 1— •—t lJ_ c i:i ~t •<. > ..J •A >" i— a. a CJ > a L>> LL: fvt -"A LT- -O ^ ^ y y O O CJ (..;. „l ~J .J _ J to L/; CA l/i c~ r~> T l >v <j' U* C- C" 0s 1 r-l ,-i > c —' •-r-. X» n"» -r. • * ^ TO - O 257 o Cj c_". O O • * • o o c> r\j ' i j CVJ M . o CA r— vo , . -d" CO r-1 -<!- PI 0- O M r- m • CM O~ O O o csj r.j CO CO CO CO • cs! o o O CM CO i •\l .O ,". o -i-l a: It.I X A -;") >- .'^  J >T .1- A I -...yK. r 20 p ! 1.2 CCO 7 COO^O1. 99 i • : It .2 3 •'• 0 .2 399 9 9'? 0. 23999 99.' > '0.239999S • . , -' } 1 I ••: i • DUAL SOLUTION VSCT03: ' ' VAR lA BL E- • VALUE; 7 .., co. 73775 . • ... • '.- 1. 2C 0030 ;"' ;: ;-:.'•-• -r-c • ' • i .2000 27 - /' AA[.-A •{:••-' ' OO J'd 0 T I VE-' • CO EFT .., FUNCTION COEFFICIENT . LOWS* 3CUNO • ,9 i N 01N ii: " 9.0 ' .-: COST/PROF IT'. .' UPPER' .'ROUND -'';' ' v ' v ' : ;-9--;-9- --.-9:;H---;i .^ >,.^ ™'..- ;^; . ; ' ! 'i " - : -INF INITY ' •' . 38.31999- .- ' :'. • R'.0'.663S - . •'-• ' '- - • • " • •' i. 5 . V • . -i.M-INI tl .. -.-'.' •' -INF I'iNj I FY - INPINITY • • '.'.-INF INI ti •'••'• '. IN I TV • .'.-(\F ! NI FY . .• 31.39000 ' '•• 37.14 000 33.57999' ';.'•;.' 2 M.'.'!' 99 9 • ' -34 - 1.7C99 '• -' • 26'.'9.W-fi ' ' '•• • a<,6.!:20K- . • ,' • ' ": ' . 0^2. 63) fc' " ;. 0^0.9 0.r-. 9 ' * ' ' ' •"• . 394 .14 05 , •.-;.'." " • ' " T T ' ' 4 30. 1^23. ..•'.'•' '• 28.799:'!/;,- ••: •'.•' ••; • b •J 13 11 . - V- 12 i i .24. 1)39". - IMF 10 I TY -1 N F I N I '! Y - I .s.! F IM I 7 r . ' •'. "•- IiMF INITY" . '-INFINI FY ' • 29. 6 />:G'J 20.6,900 0 ' •-• . '-'99 : ' •'• 3 (.!. 15 999 . , 6 -MOOOO , ' 7 1-9. o r o o o . +1NF!NI9Y . 2 7. 3;-'?7 0 '7.7.-3 9-133 6^  '•'.."."-' A"- ?C " 92. 36063 ' ' • ' ; . ' '""•;.••-• • . 49.5234R--" >::-.'.'-;:'•;:'.-- -.o:,:-,.:..-'..c,:., I:'-• ; . : f ; 9 0 ; •• i9:--9-;r:} - l-t li lO W - i. .-- H i - |.\i II ! : - I N r I "J I r •' ~6.". 99s»n - INF !i-J I F { ' . — "j i-I --IN I T ! •• - i 5. 2(2 7 J. L 9. 0 i.ru • . 13. 9 9 00 0 • -1.290000 '. -1.20(900 -1.200000 • . ' -1 .? 09000 9 9 6. 0-,'.)!;9 70732', • ' 0-30 917 9HE-04 ' o . o • ' c o o •'. : -9 -0.276565ft F-04 . . '.' ''..-_,. ... ... . . ' • 22 c> : - INF !•'-.• I FY ' -IXFINiTY - i '«."• I N \ T Y ' • .•: - INF Ifj IF' -INFINITY - r. 200900 •  -9. 2399999 ' .. •,' ; • ' -rO. 23 99999 .9 • - 0 . ~ 7 • . - . : ' . • ) • " • ' -0 .2399999 ... '<U 0'"'"9 . o . o ' • o . o ; • ' - • . 0.0 ' " . " *'••' ' : • • o . o . . •:• - ' : '•'•';. '; ". •'• •-.'"' . • -Al • "' ; , ' / *. -.. .....' ' • • -RIGHT HAN 0 SI 05 RAN01 NO: . i . •' L0WC3 EO-J'-IC ; ' . ' - ' •• '• ' .•• n H s ' • ; >• . UPPER' BOUND yX': • -'•..'• -' - ; • '• ; • '• '• • • ..; . .:. .. • • • 'v 9--' - ;-'o--." • • > . 3 -0.457762 7 5-OA." 0 . i ? 0 3. ? T 0 S -1 -2. 3 9 3. 799 3 . '•??. 0. OOOO - "'••'' '480.0990 700.0000 '•".:.'" 430..27(.;3 ' " '".'"" -UNPIN! TY-• INF IN If Y - • •'.'.-"'-• ''• '• : • ; '. :..v',9 t : 3 • ; • 6 '* " 7 • ; V ' d ' , . 393 .0371 . 3 9 3. 3C>iL ' -0 . j 16ft 5 a 3£ 19-; o . o • 0. 0 fcO.CA'jb -.-.7--0.0000 . ' .' '. 7 30 .0000 ' •'  • •' ; 0. 0 ."•'..'••' o . o • . . • . --; • •> • • : . ' o . o ' . '• + 1 N h I I'-i 1 ' Y + IN9 INI TY. ',. -•  + INFINITY •' . 930.1 ,<?-.'. '•;'••• • "'••. ' + INF IMI TY.' ..' .•• • • -+ I N F I '-; I T Y -' ' ' • « - • i-i-- - •;•';•-;•'-? i j -9.9 it3<-. :3 l - 0 9 0.0 :, o. o -. 0.0 . 239.3500 + IMF INITY.. " '•_ ': A" ••.'"' ' •' .-• •-. . .-'-.. I J 1 . oo PARA-'.ETER CARD ECHO: NU^OER OF INEQUALITIES' MJV.:3 = R OF EQUAL I T I ES = 11 0 M X 3 E R CF ACTIVITIES' :TOLERANCE•LEVFL= ' MAXIMIZING 24 C. C0C000999999 0ATA LOAOEO - o ... INPUT TABLEAU 'S « ;. FIRST ROW CONTAINS: OBJECTIVE. FUNCTION : ". N EXT 11 ROWS CONTAIN ^EQUALITY CONST R A I NT S COL • i. . -• COL. 2 - - COL . 3 ' .. COL. 4 '• ' COL. 5 .-. : CCL. 6 ' - COL ... 7 0 •-. COL . 8 COL. .'. 9. , - coi.. io . . : ROW i. 76. 0700- 69.1200- ' 73. 1900- : 71.6100 . 28. 690 34.180 26.930' 25.670 ' 20.640 •" ••' 20. 5 80 •• ' •' "r: '•• ROW 2 . s . 23 89 3.JO 19 3. 2719 8.2184. 4.5108 • .-4.9131 0.31350 0.27580 . . 0. 2981 0 . 0.3 0120 3 . 6. 0000 -•' 6 . C C C 0 ' 6. 00.00 ".'' 6. 0000 • 0.0 •' O.O o.o- " 0.0 . 0 . 0 0.0 ' ROW 4 0.0 0.0 ... 0 .0 .0.0 7.7000. ' 8. 9500 '' 0.50000 ' 0.50000 0.50000 '• ' 0 . 50000' '. ROW Z) I. 3 940 .1.3420 T 1 • 92 2 0 • 1 . 9660 3.6 750 3.6750 0.5 0000 0.50000 0.50000 • . .0. 50000** ROW £ l '• 3. 6330 .3.6? 30 . •. s . 63 80 8.5540 1.0500 1.0500 ..' 0.50000 .: ' 0.50000 ' 0.50000 0.50000 "• ROW T 0.0 0.0 0 .0 0.0 5.0750 6. 3 2 50 " 0. 50000 0.50000 C. 50000 6. 50coo • RO* 8 - i . 1160 -1.1 160 - 1 . 8600 -1.1160 0.12000 • 0.47520 - - i.005 5 - 1.1662 • 0.93180 1. 0710 •-. •:.' ROW . 9 0 .0 0.0 . 0.0 -0.32900 ' . 0.0 O.C ; ' 0.3 2490 . 0 .0 : 0.0 - . 0.0 R03 10 0.0 -C.65700 . 0 .0 O.C \ .0.0 O.C . • .. 0.0 . 0.0 0. 0 0.0 RO.-; 1 1 00 oo'' .COOO - 6. 0000 - ' -6.0000 2.2 000 " ; - 2 .8500, • 0.30070 .0.28830 . 0.29470 •'•.-. 0.29470 ' ROW 0000 . 9.0 0.0 0.0 0. 0 . . 0.0 0.0. 0.0 0.0 C .0 ROW CCL. 11-39 .030' •0.3 1670 CCL. 12 -.6 .5 400 0.59030 CO . 1 0. L,. 13 4.5 00. 513 60 COL."14 15.070 0.52900 COL. 15 13.540 . 0. 50260 COL. 16' -1 .2000 C O ' . -COL. 17 -1 .2000 0.0 COL. . 18 -1.2000 0 .0 ' _ J _ : COL.. 19. -1.2000 0.0 ; .'' o.o. o.o'-. •o.o ..-..' o. o • • o.o ••'; o.o' ' •o.o 0.0 -1.0000 0.0- '"•'• CCL. 20 -1.2000 0.0 ROW ROW ROW ROW ROW RO W 1.4759 0.0 0.79520; 0 '. 5.00 C 0. 0.3 . . 0.65 120' 1.0063 1 . ) 6 13 1 . 0 6 63. 0.4 7680 0 . 3 6 7 3 0 0. -0. - 1 0. 0. .0. 0 5 0000' .3800 ... 0 • 35500 840OOE-01 0.0 0.-75000 0.75000 0.75000 0.75000 0 .1.22 10 0.0 '0.45000 • . 0.45000 . .. 0..45000 0. 45000 0.94000E-01 0.0 0.0 0. 0 . . 0.0 0/-0.0 -1.0000-0.0 0.0 0. 0 0.0 0.0 : •0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 ROW 9 ROW lO ROW 11 ROW i.2 0.0 0.0' 0.0 0.0 0. 0 O.C 0.56150 O.C . . 0 . 0 . 0. 0 035250. 0 0.0 0.19740 : 0.0 0.51800E-G1 0.0 0.17500 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 0 0.0 . 0.0 -1.0000 o.o. • . 0.0 • o.o • 0.0 -1.0000 C. 0 . 0.0 -0.0 -0.0 ; o.o.. -,.'::. . o. o 0.0 : :: o.o ; • o.o o.o . -o.o . ,"; -1.0000 — _ ^ — : . . [.j ROW 1 ROW 2 ROW 3 CCL. '21; -0.2 4000 0.0' ; 0.0 . • COL. 22 -C.2 4000 0.0 0 .0 COL. 23 -0.24000 0. 0 0.0 COL. 24 ... -0.24000 0.0 0,0 COL..25 0.0 -316.00 480.00 U l VD • "i - rO A - 4 — - 1 . CO 0 0 — -  - cc • - o.o - - • 0ir0— — • 7P,0;00 • - — ---• — .- -ROW 5 0-0 i - -1.0 000 . 0 .0 .0 ' 780. 00 • . ., . ROW 6 o.o • ! • 0.0 • -1 .0000 0.0 780.00 P.O.-J 7 0.0 • O.C 0.0 -1.0000 780.00 ROW 3 . o.o ' •! • , 0 .0 .0.0 • 0.0 .' .... • 0.0 .-> -9 • .'. '9 - ;T '•' '• ;-' sow 9 o.o • o.o '• •- o.o •'•' CO 0 .0 Wv- i .  ^  Ru A I 0 o.o ; . 0.0 •o.o 0.0 0.0 ROW 11 0.0 J 0.0 0.0 O.C o.o • •; •'->.-.'••'• -.. -ROW 12 -.. o.o.. i':; 0.0. ... 0.0 .o.o --;----;-:-;r--;'---'' - . . "• I-Tc 3. AT HV- LOG: i TE"uT I Or- OBJ. F UN. ' • ' VAR.IN VAR.OUT ' ••••• PHAS t I I BEG INS j .1.9 — .':. FEASI SLE i •• 9.;...'2.._....,.,. • , ' • i 2629.93 ' "' 1 25 > 4374.33 i i - "-• 31-" '• ••••'• •• • •• 3 " ." - ' ' 9 61 1, 00 \b . • •'' 26 12254. 3 6 34 9 ' v ' ' •: . • - * .... - '• : ' . 9 12256.5 7. 32 : .-;.'.;.• / ...'..' ., - ; • \' • '. '• ; ...9V. . • . '. . - ' < - " v . •' S J .... / 19305 .0 - 1... 17 . 6 '; o l 1.;;..9 ;.. ; .•-.:. ' . . ; .-,, 9 -9;.- -., 9 - " . . . 9 . ...99 2 5603.5 19 35 - - i ' •' 9 ''' / ' 2 960 3.6 . 20 1 30915.9 8 7 OPTICAL."VALUE.OF! THE OBJECTIVE .-.FUNCTION '^ .. ' .' 30915.92 . : .:. o : 9 :''.:-''" -9'. o o \ - ' ' ' . ' ' /"; '•. :" ; -••:-;•.• •'-V : - S ' . ' 9.'/9.|.- . . . ' PR I M A i . SO LOT (ON VFCTOR: • . ' v -'-•? 9_ • . ; • 9 - - • VARIABLE ; VALUE • - -0 '. 772. 3C2 7 ": • 1 i •325.2244 -. ii ' :" - :: 1112.4 45 - • . " - 17 0. 106-31 159-03 ''22 3.04 0 7 • , 2J 0. 1 9.SC5 7 9E-04 2 7 . . . . • 39 3 . 64 Si SLACK 3 yr:--' ". 23 ; 135 .2295 . • SLACK -4 i .'9J.'V  , •;:•.,'''-,••••,• 9°/vi--'. .. - - ^ p i V f e : ; . ; , : ^ 1 ^ . ; ; : / ; --' '•''• • ' 29 .- -"" •'• 231.23 5 3 SLACK 5 3 J '393.3473 : ' SLACK 6 ' . '-9 . • -~ •" ..;••>.-; ^ 9 ; - ; ' • . .-. 3a o.o SLACK 9 ' THE .<EDUCEC. COSTS: VA\[Ab LS . . . VALUE 9 673.1567 • , ' ' . - .'''';.•" i ' 636. 2893 - • . . . ; 9'0-9 ' "• .3 .. .'676.7249 ' ..  . '-.-." 9 ; ' : ",.9 .*';.. '9 :•';• .--••9 - - 676.1626 . 9'.:-9;9--l.-. 9 9 • v 9 9 . %y---9 « S ' 9: •; ;.•«,;...-;>;.-. ---^o,:.-• 5 36 5 . 37 79 ''.•-•-' 5 3 35,99 12 • - ' •' • - . , • '• ro. •• • 7 ..-. • .-,1. 931 566 •• . . v . : •^-;'-9. o • •"'•••• • ' j 9 V- : ' 6. 750135 ' '•;'• "" i J . ;7. 13614 4 .; i> .'•-," ^.5. 3234 1 ' . .' ''.'.' - ' A.--" •. '-• ' 13 ' .': „••'. 9 '-• "31. 0 26 5 0. • ''.'i> ' '•  "31 . 0262 3 :' :" ; " '•' • • 15 i 30-17024 13 . 21s.- . ' • 22 . 23 24 ' 1. 20CC00 .• 0.230999 9 ' 0.2399993. ,0.2 5 9999 9 , 0.2399999 ' .... .. DUAL SOLUTION VECTOR: . . VARIANCE •1 VALUE ; . • • - - ^ •: 36. 74 3 83 ' . i - • . - . ' - . " , ' : \ '• ; ' , • • • ' • . ' ; ••• • ' . ... i ' ". .• -: :. ' ' '. ••• 2 . .: • - 7 , •: 3 :., •.  . • 1J • ' -i i :"' ; . 7. 30 1783 • . •'. 1. 2000 2 2 '. .;' \; 1.200173 .'..'. ..v/ •  -,v 1 . 1 999 73 • .; 1.20046S . :• ., . v...,„ . 0'..:;.,.^ ::-;2.,' '•'\* . - -..'.ki' -\ 'O", . . . - - " 0 '• '•'}'•' '• .',-.' - •' •'. -0'. OBJECT IVE • COE-F. FUNCTION COEFFICIENT LOWER BOUND RANGING: • COST/PROF IT ;' UPPER.BOUND . : ' ' »• 2 • • 3 -INFINITY , -Iy-INITt ; -IVFINITY , 76.06999' '•' 69.1-2000 o; ;.::.r 73.18999 " -749. 2266 . 755.4097 :' 7 51.91^0 -INF INI T/ -INFINI T Y . - INF INI TY -INFINITY . 23. 9706 7 - INF INITY 71.60999 2 8.68909 34. 17999 26.9 8000 2 5.6 7 000 747.7725 394 .0679 430.1711 28.91153 25.05493 : i J -INFINITY . 20 .57999 27.76613 i i Zi. 25230 3 9. 03COO ". - 5427853.. : 12 . ,.'..' -INFINITY 6.540000, ; ..• 5 2.36340 ' ; '.-.: ,•• . ';''[;.. .• . :• ; ' . ' . . . , : ' : - C '• "-' ' ,'. ."• ?^r ;. . ; •• U ' -INF IM TY 14 .50000 45. 52650 , '." -; ' - 'It • -INF INI TY . 15.07000 46.09622 . .' " • 13 '• • - IN F IN I T Y 13.5 400 0 43. 71024 •'• . " ' •'. . v • • • '• - •' ; ' - . •;- • lo • • • ,- 7. 234071 . -I.200000 0.2288813E-04 . . . . . . . . . -20 79.16S . -1. 200000 0. 1697540C-03 ' •' - ' " • - . . . * , ' • .. , - . •'. • • : • • ' . a j — INFINITE ... -1 .200000 .„ ,.' c. o . ; : ; : . . ; . o i j . . : . . ..... ....;.'....:.. ...::..'... .:."..•".•:".'.''....-.,;. •'.'• ... :.;0:;.; . . .... 19 -52.45779 " -1 .200000 • . :• ' -0.267028BE-04 . ••'';. ' • ' 20 . ; - i l 3 5 . 626 ;- • . -1. 200000 0 -0.468254i.F-03 -' '•• ' . Vw ' \\; ;• '.. '••'. . ' ".;.,';• .0 .-• .-. ; 2i ' ' ' -INFINITY -0. 2399999. 0. •- 0.0- .-•••'.••• ' - A •'•'" 22 -INF IM11 -0.2399999 o.o ' .' 23 - INFINITY -0.2399999 0.0 :'••;•:'. • • , . , . ' •• '• . ' • ' , ''.'";'/**'•'."."'" ' . ....'.,'. 24 ... • ..... ';.. 'INFINITY.,.., ..-0.2399999... •-...o.o../-.'.zs::X-.'..--.'..\i.-.---.'. ...' -. " .' - •. . ; . .^v:r :0v':v '-.o-:. ' : . • :^;V" A - ' .'..';.0 ••• ; - '^v'"'''^ '' ^ .RIGHT HAND S IDE RANG I NG : '-NUMdE R LOWER 3CUMD R HS UPPER 50UND .'.'.-' '•'•''.'•' : " •;•'• i • . 136.acco . 316.0000 390.5925 '• - :. •';'; '• V O o ; ; o . : , .. . 0.2197266c-02 ;.,'•. .... 480. COCO .; 138 2. 38 7 •".'•,... ' . .... .. -': ; .••?I.;„..;!..;2.-L;:!O '- i • 33 J . 1519 780.0000 • • + INF INIT'.' '. '•-,••'•..." ... • - • . •"• • • •. ; 644.77Ci 7.80. 0000 '••'.;' '.' +1MFiNITv ' •'••:•',•'• ' - -.- ,' •••'. : ' C ' . ; - ' ; ; . , - . - . • > 54 1. 7 64 4 • •• 780.00 00 ' ' + INFINITY ' •"' ' ••'..••"•• • - 0" .•:•.''.' •• ' ro - • 33 5. 1521 7 80.0000 • '+ I N F I N I T Y a>. • 7 ' -13 2 91.23 • 0. 0 1112.443 , , . '. i . . •'*"'.• . .. . .' 3 -0.93459075 0 3 0.0 o. 1C68U5E-03. '.; - :"•'.••'...•: ';'..-....' .,'.. \ .'. " 9 .0.0 .o.o .•'.•• • +INFIN ITY • "'. '•:'., .: '• : " :•' '.• ••'"''•.•'-•:- •'•'. V. <'.'..:: ••;[.'•, 0"!.. 0'. • v'' '; " = .10' -1120690. 0. 0 223 .Q'-Ol •"••.••'-• .;• H -0.1422492E 0 3 0.0 0.198O570F-04 .341 D U N N E L -TWO R I V E R S PARAMETER C A » 0 S C H ) : NLM'3Sa. 0 ? I N E O U A L I T I F S = NJ ;-13E'R O F £ O U \ L I T I E S » . .st'i.>.of Aen-vn IF.S = • T O t E R A N C C l..£Vt!. = ' • ••' ' .'MAXIM! Z I N G "', 11 • d; -jz — 0. 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 9 ' ? c i o c ? o..-W- - i - i :.,M:'9.c;; "•. 9:"9 D A T A 1 0 A 0 E 0 _ •'".-•..•'''••".• 0'-. ' 9 .. • y ' . ' -. \ - y . I N P U f T A B L E A U : " ' • • ' . ; • ' ' ' F I R S T ROW C O NT A I N 5 , 0 S3 J E C T-1V E F U N C T I O N • N 2 X 7 11 R O W S C C ' N T A I N i IN ;; 0 0 A L ! T Y C 0 9 ? T R A I.NTS ' . ' 9, :'• .,9= '• .. v.:.'.:. - y y - r 9:^990; -v. .'9 •y.' Yi}h : ; - ' , ' ' yvl : y y . ' r ROW. • i CO!. . 1 1 - 4 2 . 0 3 JO " F •. 6. 0 9 9 0 0.0 ' 3. Q2C 3 9 . 1 2 9 0 0.0 C O L . • 2 1 3 6 . 3 2 C O L . 3 1 3 6 . 0 2 5.21 15 6. OOOO: 6 .0-3 . ° 2 0 9 6. 13 4,0 0 . 0 -C O L . " 4 1 7 . 0 1 ' ' . 3.0 2 O 7 5. OOOO 0.0 ' ' ' ' 1 . 2 4 00 0.7 t f0 0 .0 C O L 2.9 6 9 0 C O L . ••' 6 3 4 . 1 3 0 ' COL - '7 9 •' 2 6 . 9 8 0 ' C O L . 9 8 . 2 5.670 COL.: 9 20.640 C O L . ,10.. 20 . 5 30  R09 ROW ROW' ROW ROW - 3 . 1 6 0 0 0 . 0 - 0 . 9 5 2 0 0 0 . 0 O . O •'•'.'• T-.iTnr 6 . 9 0 JO •V. 9 9 0 0 5 . 1 2 4 0 0 . 0 - 2 . 1 I 2 J - 0 . ' - , 6 i 5 9 - C . 9 5 2 0 0 0 - 0 :'o.o • ' 4 7 0.0 7 . ; 3. 1. . 5. ITUTT 7000 6750 0 500 0750' • 4.9131 0 . 0 ' 8 . 9 5 0 0 3 . 6 7 5 0 1 .0 5 0 0 ' 6 . 3 2 5 0 - 0 . 3 1 3 5 0 . 0 . 0 . 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 "0. 5 0 0 0 0 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 . : C . 5 0 0 0 0 0 . 2 7 5 c V 7 T . 0 . 0 ' 0 . 5 0 3 0 0 0. 5 0000'.' • 0 . 5 0 0 0 9 ": 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 . 0 . 2 9 9 5 . 0 0.9 ' 0 .50000 'Q.50000 0 . S f ' O ^ O 0.50000 ' 0 . 3 0 1 " 0 . 0 . 0 . 5 0 9 0 0 0 . 5 0 0 ^ 0 ' ' 0 . 5 " 0 0 0 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 t . o n o ' 0 . 0 0 . o. •.•••' C 2 9 - 7 0 o.o-R J W ROW ROW ROW ROW 6 9 • 1 0 i .1 1 2 . - 2. 11 2 0 n . o -1 . 9 0 4 0 ' 0 . 0 . •" 0." o . o 0 . 0 ". o .o;. - 6 . 5 0 0 0 0 . 0 . 0. 0 o.o. 2 . ? n o O 0 . 0 -0 .,4 7 5 2 0 0. 0 ' 0 . 0 . " - 2 . 8 5 0 0 0. .0 0 . 1 2 9 9 0 0 . 0 0 . 3 0 0 7 0 : 0 . 0 -• 1 . 1 6 6 2 0 . 0 •, - • . 0. 0 u . 2 8 3 8 0 .-•0.0 0. •••1''-0 0 . 0 ' - .. o.o • 0 . 2 9 4 7 0 0 . 0 9 :-• f ! 0 . " V COL. 11 •" CCL. 02. '. COL. 13 . ' ;COL. 14' COI.. i.5 . •'• " COL .' 16' C OL." 1 7 " COL. 13 ' 'COL. A 9 y ".-'•' COL. 20' " ROW 1 - •-. 25 , 3 30 6.5400 14.590" . 15.C7C y. 13.549. ' -1 .2000 •--1.2000 :••-•] .2000 ,..-1.2000 • ,:'9. -1 .2000 ROW 2 - '0.5 651 ) ' • '0.5;130 ' 0.51890. -. C 5290C 0.50290 0.0-:' • 0 0 •'• 9.0' ' •.- 0 .•.• : •. .0 .0.9 "."- ' ROW' •?•• '- 2.3614 C O • - 9.0 0 . 0 0.0 - - Co . o.o. -...-•. 0.0 - o.o .. . •• . .- 0.0 - . ROW 4 • 0.0- ' ' 1 .'.O 6 3 , 0.500 00- -0. 75000- ' Q.i--,::>:•'}• • - ' o.o '•'•-;." CO :' -0.0 •y -o.o ;•• ;-y.. '0.9 - • 9 " ;. - ROW ' 5' 91 . 0856 ' • i O9 13- 1 . 3300. • 0.750O'O•• 0.4 5.0QO .-;•'. c o - - -• "o.o •'."•.':''  •' 0...0 :.': -;"9'. n- n i '-•• 9 0' 0 999 .'. ROW .6 0"O.59O.C y '." -1. )6 5 3 '. CO 0 .750.0 0 '.'•"' 0.45-Or-o 0 o.o : ' ' '.' r:.o-.o .. .'O.O; . ,9. "•' • 0.9 9.9-"-' o.o.; ""•' ".-ROW 7 ' o .o . " '- . 0.4/ !h1 •0. 3 5500: 0.7 5000 "0 .4 5000 0.0 .-"•• ' 'O.o: . •:';• '. •-• .o •." 0 .0 I.. -,. '0.0 ' '•"• :RO-W 0 ' O.b 5120 . 0 .3 J 73.V • 0.849100 5-01 0.1220-.9 0.C40'90E-01 -1.0000 ."- 0. 0 ' '"0.0 •' 0.3 i •  ' o. •"' •-"•*-; ROW 9 U.O ' -- U. u . . O.U U.O 0.0 .-• 0.0 . .. -1.0'JOO o  u . 0. o ... . 0.0 ROW i9 . 0.0 .- - .'.' . OC ."'0.0 . , '".' 0'. 19 740 • -•-C. 17500 • o.o ;. ; -•'•' o.o •'• •'.-"•• .-1.0000: y. o - o • • ' .'O.O-'•y- .ROW i 1 .0.0 '. 9' '  ••'•'•0.-5515 0 . 0.35250 ' "•-•', .0.0 ' 0.0. o.o. '' 9'yo'.o0 o.o- -1. 000.0 -. . : ;, o.o; :•'• : "'99 ROW i 2 9 0.0 - ; c .'c. .' • • - o.o • •'".'• 0. 51-300E-01 O.C •' ;o.o "!•'"".-'•' '7"o.o"-.'••" '.'". •' 0.0- ' .'." ' "•"'•" 0.0 9 .:•'• ' • -1.0000 ROW • ROW COL . . 21-- 0 . 2^000 ' 0 . 0 0.0 C C L . 22 -0.24039 C C 0.0 C G I ' . 2.3 - 0 . 2 4:000 C O ' -. 0 . 0 • COL.,24 -6 .24O00 " O.-O' 0.0-9. C O L . - 7 5 O.C350.CO N3 N3. ROW . 9 ROW 5 ROW . o -FToboo JkJL_ o.O -1 .0000 0.0 0 ,n ^1 .00 00. "oTo" 0.0 -G-H3-ROW 7 F, OW 3 RO 9 • ROW i i ROW.i 2 0.0 0.0 0. 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 ' O.C 0.0 •C. r "T7o~ 0.0 0. r CO. 0 .n 0 .0 -1 . 0000 'CO 0 .o -. 780..00. 700. 00 —7«Q-„-0-0* 79 0,. 00 0 . o • ' 0 .0 OT" 0,0; o. n 0.0 "TTTTT 0.0 0 .0 ITERATION LOG: ITERATION 03 J. •ON, VAR.IN . VAR.CUT Pt'WSt I I . f EA 3 i 0 L F • i .2 • '• 3 3COINS 907 7.0 9 9077 .59 9CT7.59 TT7T77F 122 5,2.6 2t-2 13'. ? '2a2")'!. 9' 30 i 5 0.9 ... 1 • 7 17 32 34 1-5 16. 1 " .. u 33 ' ' • 1 ' ' 7 OPTIMAL VALUE OF TH F '• CO JEC T I VR FUt\CT!ON = PR HAL SOLUTION VECTOR: VAR 1.4 ii L F VLLU7. 2 0 3 6 0 .'* 0 3 io 17 19 19 129 9.3 3 7 14 "9.959 0 .5 103 5 169- )9 0.9-9' ; ' !9- ;4 9 9 ' - c 9 >' ->..v —Trrr; i 3 , l'(5. 14 1, 0 .0 ' '9 LACK SLACK SLACK SL ACK SLACK SI.AC K' 3' 4 ' 5 6 11 29 2 / 2o 2 J 30 3-J " ' '"rj9~ 4? 1 7 40 17 9 3 i'i ' 431 1 .THE <i.OUCFO COSTS VARIABLE •VALUE • •302.9673_ "302.8464 311.2268 237.2176 3 :; '>.')/ .3 * 395. 99 1 ') 1 . -) 3 1. z 7 \ 9 • .7-; ;^49/r :c ;9>. - 9 6. 759 17 i , . , : ' • • ' • . . ; 9 ;. • : • : • • • > • ' ' - r • •. N> . 9 •' "• 7. 1851 3 9 ' • ' • . - • ' . ' . , " : . .. • • '; •• 9 9 \- " 9 ,.. . . ? • - - . . •• .J - • , ^ V ••.-.' u ' 2 9 . 9 3 ) 9 7 -9 • '• ' ' ' 12 • 9-5 . "O • 9 ? . . . IJ ' 31 .07 55 7 . - ' • • ' • . ' '• • •' ' ' " ••' :"' ' , •"' "• I , ' / \ '  : . ' " 14 2 1. -9 19 , . : . • ' ' - , . " ' . . • ' , ' c " - ' . 9 9 : 9 . i-J 20-21 2i 23 24 39. 13035 0.2 3 555-59 0 . 2 3-3999 } 0-239995 } 0.2 3^9999 •:• -,-DUAL SOLUTION V AH I A. li L E . • VFCT01 : • , onLU'l co.744 CO 1. 199999 : i .200004 1 .200463 •1.200032 • 7 ,3 ' 9 10. ''OBJECT IV E FU.N0T ION OOF F F IC I EM T '• R ANGI MO :' re--1 CU:.r r- . • LOWER 3GJNO ' COST/PROFIT UPPER OOUND ! . . • ".' •• " '•' •••"•+ • •'.••' -INFINITY ' -; \-~ r -1 N': I Ni TY 0 - INF IN TTY ' . . 142.0300." 136.3200 '• 136.0200 -' • - iT.oiooo. • A44 . C C '7-l ': '".'439. 1663 ' • . ^ 47 -2466 ' • : '•'.' .25^.2276-•'•••V.'o •' :' ; '•: %]'' " AA^.:M ^ r A - ' A ' A ^ i :?A"A--IN-IMTY 26.60'./9- • • o •;c . . A . ;• . • • • ••"'••. • • 6 '; • - I " i .0'! 17 , 34 . !-7'-'99 - " '-30. 1719-• -INF I ''j I TY .' '" •' • 26.93000 .••'•':'••..• .. ;, 23. 9 1 1 56 • '••.; A. •*• . :AA:./ : A A • A A A „ A A . A . . . i-'z ifAAA.:,A • 3 23.9 7 }"3 • • ;>5.67000- V"-" "'"•' •""-'o. 16205300 CS -'••.--..• • -.-..'", • - '" : .-.;' ' .'•, ' :' -i ' : .>''"• •"''•••••' ••' . ' .- .':• • 9 ••-INFINITY 20. 64000 ' '• " .: . . 27.39017 .'" l i '" ' .' -IN'tN.ITY " ?.n . 57999 • •" 27. 766 3 1 i i - I N - I \ KM 2 5.3790'.; 49.HOC 46 • ••'•'., . ••'.'.. . •  ; . • ,- 12 -IN-I'NITY 6.54 COCO .- .' • 52.3^-351 '• -'.'••''•13 •• -INF IN I TY • 14.-5000 0 45.52657 - ...A'....1", , • : • . • . • ' .-. •'•:...'•"•. i " •'"• - .', ' •;••.•.• '••j.A '•:':"••'•'••-..'•' ". ':• ::'C •••':•:'! '•••.'/• '0 ••".';'"'"'"':-''. .' ' ' i;» "" :" ' - I N - I N t T Y • . 1 ' 15. 07000- """-' "-. ' " '46 . 27 0'" i ' ; A\ • • ' VJ .• ' -'INF IN [ ! y • '.' 13. 54!i00 •'•3. 92032 ' . • " . •• ' ':- '."•/•.' •' '•' :• j'. '• :• •"• ; .>':'• , i b -7.23-;:> 5•> • •; -1 .2 00-^ 00 . '. -C.9530''43F- 06 . " . l i 19 20. 21 ' -16 3.5)34 -24. 395^ 3 -INFINI TY--IN'-IN I TY -1 «N - I M T y -.IN-IN I IY -INF IN ITY - 1. 2C0CC0 -1 -2.00000 -1 . 2 0000 0 0.2399999 0 . 7 399 59 9 .0.2.3 9999 9 •0 . 2399999 46S2541F-03' 3242493E-04 0 • -n. 0 •;o :o,i h,.;r "oTo-L\ 0 . LPPER BOUND: 2 4 RIGHT. WAMD SIOE RAN ;iNG : .' . NUMBER'., . • • ".' • LOWER 30UNO ' >•...:'•- :' A A > • • . '. - • -.• ....... .,. ;:oro.'3^ r^:.'i:-^ :' .0 . . •• . . ... • -. C.O06 / 4 3 0.0. ' •634 .5 1:3 3 ' : 634.5181 ' 624.5131 63 V'.5 1 3 3 - 1 '. 61 . z. ': -32 23.54 7 -0*731562 2 E - 0. 9 7 6 7259E 0 .0 ' —3 6 0 .f:0(,O .. 4 30. 0000 •  780.0000 "'• 7 00.0000 780.0000 780.^000 TfTTT- : 0.0 •'••'. 0.0 0 .0 •. '. .430.24775 ~ +INFINITY + INFINITY ' : . • + INFINITY ""•" + I NF I NI TY +INFINITY —T4A779 6 0 . • -C. 6 1035 16E-04 0.470 5'522E-C4 366-.^9 71 . + 1 NFINITY 3 • 4 - K i -c^ • / • k ; 9 10 ' i i -03 09 ; I-j _ 1 " - . ;^ ' . ' C l O C o o (~. 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TO TO .•71 • • » LfN- ''-'"> 'VI t.M Ul -1 -.O 0- vc ^  rv. —< ,^ CO CM .-<-* 0 . > tr\ O r**. C " —< M M ^ V. s-: 1 u o o o v/_. (./; <..; t / - t ' . u : • <•<-> <-N <*-• '1 ' I t ,-•0 1:1 r- ' V K ; (NI M - A -T"\ '<\ -T) 266 r l I CO CO -•*• i.i ~-. t - O t> vj r-|-~ CO CO O I— o O r O r- r~. .j. —• • « • * . cr^  f-- o -r> i r r-.. 0> Cl> O O -JJ -> . eg CM co CM n -n —1 UJ o TJ Ul L3 —I .V -.t • I.U Ci' I- > c CM j- i T CM ao •o 1 - .-<-, ; t : ,-.J . - J \ l 7T , t -r r - c-o r r , cs. X, r- r-<r rv CJ + o o o o I.J- rj O O O O r " , y o si- • r - O Ic. c l A l < l r l O Vc • • . ^ vO ro NJ- iri j . i-=l r=l . | . - r O O' C-r-j <- I V- I'-LL 1.1 l . 'J. V ^ - >- >-I I I . I I O _ J '.f\ Tj~ cr. 3 -H "si - t ~-t M -\J -\J -\i •r, .r i t Li i r G- —< f.j c -o c ; ••)' co <r o C. .' CM <.-. .-, r— r-i i d c o :.]•• o o o e C> j . c. CJ- o o o LT ' — C '.. C ( . CJ i.'.- r-- <3- -_. * i.-. • . . r\i :r. • • <3" u" cc- -I I I I I ? -•J -.-\ <r\ ..-) O : I c c<-. o o c c_- o c o o :. o o o c- o-:• o o o c- c; "- O O *- -CC o -J cj- o r- c- Q-o c-j r~. r ^ y. I I I I c-. ~i >- >- >-... r*-l —< —< . - . I I I I I I r i T*- -"> ~ < . -J —( -4 ...» r\l CN| CJ a -I I o T. u: ' 1 — O ' U- U. U- Li. ;r x z ^ o c o c c. c c o c- o c: o c. c j o :Cj rr.. CO -.1- I- I— O r-J r- CO r-r;-o ci' cc) T. cc: ~< 'c\ ifJ ir\ :ri • • 0- -0 - 0 -< .-\! -r, i- .rv 267 > > CO >" r- 1- -C r— r-J t ~ ^ - IC. . IJ- U. cc. ^ . — rr, •_, + + + c o o o o :i° c. c- o o •~* .N: r-^  I I I n 1. -1 PARA -St TE R CARO E C H J : NUMBER OF I N E Q U A L ! TI ES = - . 11 • • J v N1 .H 8 E R OF EQUAL IT I F ? - - ••• • ••• 0 NUMBER' CF A C T I V I T I E S ' . ' •-. 24 TOLERANCE L E V E L = •. 0 . C 0 0 0 0 0 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 ..' ... , . - M A X I M I Z I N G • 9 . . .- ' . •• . ' OATA L O A D E D -p '<-., .'•' .\ . . • I N P J I T A 3 L E A U : 1 ' . FUST ROW C O N T A I N S O B J E C T I V E F U N C T I O N • NEXT 111 ROWS C O N T A I N I N E Q U A L I T Y C O N S T R A I N T S ' ROW ' i • C O L . 1 9 9 0 . 3 9 0 -•• . C O L . 2 ' • 3 3 . 8 3 0 -C O L . - 3 S O . 2 4 0 C C L . 4 4 . 6 4 0 0 C O L . 5. 2 8 . 6 9 0 C O L . 6 ;.<•: 3 4 . 1 8 0 COl . 7 -.-•'- 2 6 . 9 8 0 ' COL . - 3 -1- 2 5 . 6 7 0 ' . C O L . . 9 r-. 2 0 . 6 4 0 C C L . 10 20 . 5 80 .... ROW '';•'• ROW . , • ROW ROW 9 • ROW s - -: 6 7 6. 33 52 •' ; ' ' 6.-00 0 0 : . 0 . 0 6 . 6 3 0 0 •'. 3 . 7 7 0 0 : 0 . 0 6 . 3 1 3 ? 6 . 0 COO . , 0 * 0 ' . 6 . 7 2 40 3 . 7 7 00 ; 0 . 0 . 6 . 90 77 6. OOOO • . 0 . 0 ." 6 . 7 2 4 0 .- 3 . 7 7 0 0 - 0 . 0 2 . 0 9 0 2 5 . 0 0 0 0 . C O . •  1 . 0 7 0 0 • •• • - 1 . 4 3 00 - ' . . 0 . 0 4.5108 . . 0 . 0 : . 7 . 7 0 0 0 '.. 3 . 6 7 5 0 . •.1.0500 . 5 . 0 7 50 ' 4.9131 c o • ."--• .V:' -9 8 . 95 0 0 9. '3 . 6 7 5 0 .'•• 1 . 0 5 0 0 ' . '-6. 32 r 0 . 0 . 3 1 3 5 0 -0 . 0 ' ', .- - 0 . 50.000 - 0 . 5 0 0 C 0 ".. .':;...0 . 5 0 0 0 0 .= c ' 5 0 o o c 9 0 . 2 7 5 8 0 - o . o 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 -'.'•''•'p. 5 0 0 0 0 : • - ' 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 . •'.' 9 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 ' ; 0 . 2 . 9 8 1 C . • 0.0- ' "". •' 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 '. .' 0 . 5 0 0 - 0 0 .'• 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 0 . 5 0 - 0 0 0 0 . 3 0 1 2 0 ••• ." ' 0 . 0 ''"':9V--.. 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 • 9;;9. ^9, •-. 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 - •. o ' o • 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 .•" - ' - . '. . '. 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 '""'• .'• '-ROW R 0 W . ROW ' -• K'J W P. Of.' £ i 0 1 1 12 - 1. 0 3 2 0 , 0 . 3 . . .0.0 • i C O i . - 3 . 4 8 0 0 I • - 1 . 3 3 20 .-'•-0.4 3 7 50 • •-o.-c - 2 . 6 1 0 0 - 2 . 064 0 - - 0 . 4 8 7 5 0 ' 0 . 0 • .. .:. 0 . 0 ' : ' "•''. - 1 . 7 4 0 0 . • O .C . 0 . 0 . o . o , . •. •;.. .-' -4.0000. C O 0 . 1 2 0 0 0 0 . 0 o . o -2 . 2 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 . 4 7 5 2 0 0 . 0 ..'-;.-0 . 0 .2.3506 • 0 . 0 y ": • 1 . 0 0 5 5 -,- C I 2 A 9 0 . o . 0 ; •••:'• C . 3 CO 70 0.0- ' 1 . 1 6 6 2 . 9 C O "' ... • 0 . 2 3 3 8 0 ' : 0 . 0 0 . 9 8 1 8 0 . 0 . 0 . . •'• C O 9 9.5 •'• 0 . 2 9 4 7 0 ' 0 . 0 - •.-,' 1. 0 7 1 0 - 0,0 -y 9 . • - 0 . 0 ' .. 9.';-. C O . ". 0 . 2 9 4 7 0 .-'9-' ".'• 0 . 0 -• • . . • • . . . C Q L . 11 CCL. 12 COL. 13. COL. 14 COL. 15 COL. 16' . COL. 171 COL. 18 COL. 19 COL. ,20 9- - . , R 0 W 1 , 23. 160 , 9"' 6.5 40 0 14.500 .. 15.0 70 13.540 -1 .200.0 'C -1.2000 '•'-9 -1.2000 •: : -1.2000 ' -1.2000 •' V;-:"-"-.-:' •' • ROW '2 0 .5 2390 -- 0.590 30 0,5 1380 0.52Q00 0.50260 CO 0.0 . 0.-0 CO 0 .0 •-.•-:••'•'..  - ROW • 3 • • 2. 9519 - C.C CO • 0.0 0.0 0.0 -'•:'• 9 .0.0 ; .' - - 0. 0 •" 0.0 9- : . • o . o . •'.- o.;-'-9 ROW 4' 0.0 "•; ' ' 1 .0 063 ; •" 0. 5 0000 . 75000. 0.4 5 000 O.C ' '.- 0.0 " o . o " CO . CO- • : 9 --'•.•; ROW c 1.2317 ; i . ) 613 1.3300 0.75000 0.45000 0. 0 - o.o ,. .CO ,','0.0, ' . .-92 :'. CO 9';' J . 9 . ; : 9 - ; ' ; . . ; _ . : ' •: ;• RO w 6 . 0.50000 :'. 0 1.0663 : CO 0.7-5000 9 • 0.45000 CO' . . ' o . o - - - 0.0 , •'.-. '.-/'* c . r . '.,'-;. •-•••".9y-y" '•"' ROW 7 - 0.0 0 .473 30 90.3 5500 0.7500C 0,45000 0.0 0 .0 .'•'•  9 •90.0 " • '- 0.0 ROW 8 0.6 51 20 - ' ' .0 . 35 730 • •0.34000E-0 1 0.22 10 C94000E-'C1 O O O O " • o . o '•' • 0.0 - 0.0 - '-. '- CO 9-.-=9-9-9 -ROW-... 9 • o . o , •••}.. •' 0.0 . CO CO 0.0- 0.0 ;• 9---.-' - I.OOOO . -o . o •-,.,-.-' . 9.-9 0. 0 9;,, -.••• :o.'o•.';•-,•:• K-'- -9,-'-„.'-v-9-9 R 0 si i J " 0.0 - • :• O.C ••••' o . o 0.19740 OO 0.17500 0. 0 0- 9 r " : -,; 0.0 9 -1.0000 ' O.0'::'" "'"'•' ;.-;0;6•---""'- -::'-'. 1 i 0.0 ., 9 ,.0.5.5150 0 .35250 .9. 00 0.0 . '; -.'.'; O.C- - . . 'V ..',90.0:9'.- , 0.0 '.'..-. , -1.0000.5 ..; o.o ':• • :-• :-;-.-5,::.'. r\OW i 2 . 0.0 ..- j - CC . • . 0.0 . 0. 5180CE-01. CO 0.0 . '.9---'' '.:  o . o - . 0.0 -,, o . o •.. - '• - 1. 0000 '-: '•/'. 9 .... ' ' • • ' . ' - - - • •-• • •' . •,-* 9 "• •- •9'"- oo 9 ' ' COL . 21 C O L . 22 COL . 23- C O L . 24 ; C O L . 25 ROW 1 - 0 . 2 4 0 0 0 -; - C 2 4 0 0 0 - 0 . 2 4 0 0 0 - - 0 . 2 4 C C 0 : 0 . 0 • , . ' . .'-C . C ' ' 0 . 0 '. 0 . 0 2 6 8 . 0 0 - ' 9 - . ; . - 9 n 1 r>.ft • • • n.o ' • • •' o o o o -O'O o o • • « • o o o o 0 0 CC' CO CO o o r- r~ r- r- • . O o o . o o o O • O c • « • »-M « • O O o I o c o o o o O C • C O o • • r~l • • • O Q I O O O CJ I O Ci o c • • « . O O O C3 • o o o o « 4 • • o o o o T! 3 3 S r i ."J o o o o o> a: rv IT: a: o o o o o o o o o « • « o o o c o o • • • o o o O o o • < . o o o oo • *• O *—( o o O O o • » e _ J L U o o o c£ s: ' 2 : CJ o *— UJ . i—> _J h- ;n —i .-4 : u , :-0 ~K ::c 7fC < a ' *? • r l.U <y fr.' Or". . 1—t ^  u . i n oo . j -- c\i m m f- r-^) fO ro O i n m m * t NO c r ao o j r-< .-i ro r- i — T> o *r> r- o --,r .c i - -4- - r .n (*i ir\ r^i (M T5 vt ^ .-o m r\i r\| ou m - n r - cn- . t -o j r r i CM 2T O I— o z: 3 .CC l i . • a ::> • _ i < > i — a. O • » in or o 1~. o > > o o 0 0 l U _J _J -o <r <-r *—( « a > CJ c; <3 M ^1 r c H N n ro H ( j i o <*-r- r o s !^ O r\; . j . K j co ^ n in -o co cy* r—i -Xt. ' J U O C! U U < <- < < < <I J J . J J J J V I V ] I f l t /1 ! f l l / l .fl -o o cr c> -r .-o -j--1- i •> 17- O' OJ OJ OJ f t . 1 ^ . ~) (NI :A ,—* i OJ rs! ; \ ] OJ r n - n : n o i O O r n -T r r i H ( M u; H ir-CO O CO O- r- cr. o CM CO CXT n i — i • • • • • • C : H >fl H -n in r -O O v-1 r~ .o r> . i n i n i n r n : n ^ O o o . i u ' c> 3 cu o _ i <Y_ -1 IJ.I « o j - n J* : n . n o -69. ( A X K - O f - ( " l ( N NJ1 U \ ^ ( r-) f n vO O c f\» I V J ii. o' i p c r o t r r*- -H » i , • «- -O !A *> (NJ -f rO ^-i —1 —* : : : : : — 1 7 13 iJ . • • ". 2 1 : • ' 2 2 • .. 1 . 2 C O 0 0 2 1 1 . 2 COCO 3 1 . 3 0 O f 3 ) • i 0 . 2 } S 9 S 9 ; 0 . 2 3 0 5 9 S ; 9.:. -w; 9 0 ••••.'...,-•.•••... ':' -V •<:•'•' '.-. 2 3 • - I--.' • 2 4 ' • ; , 9 • 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 9 } ••• : 0 . 2 3 5 5 9 9 9 . - ' • ' ' • 0 . ';Jp'j;::'r . . . . . . : : - 9 > V : ' ; '. .., -": '•' 5 ' i 9 : 9 ' " : : - 9 -' • . D U A L S O L U T I O N V E C T O R : • V A R I A B L E • V A L U E ; ."59-:'* . .: /> '•>'•. ••,•••-•••• •••-:[ . - ' • • 1 •• .' 7 . . :. '•' -' ••;•' - 1 J . ; 3 6 . 7 4 3 9 0 . , : ,;• 1 . 2 0 0 0 3 7 ' - \ 1 . 2 0 0 C 2 7 . v 9 v:;,;..;.:. . •.• - :.: - . -• '•"oWyr'i; • •v-9 : : 9. . . . - 9 5 . 9 ' y ^ :-r; ;.'•:. •/ '- '/,,.".•: •'• . 9 , • : . . , , , , -9 . . , . . -.••-;.; O.i 9 • ..':••;•. • • 9.' . 7 , . . : j 9 ; 9 , ? . i . . ..;.;•; . y " . - - 9 . ^ n f l . i r " . r i v F FD NOT I ( IN 919 F 9 F T 9. T F NT R A N O T N O : ' • ' " -••.":'. • : :" ' • ' '• ' • • • •• ' •'- • •• '• • ,; ; -9" ' '•." • C 3 . . - F . • • . . • L O W E R BG'JNO ' C O S T / P R O F I T '•'.' . U P P E R B O U N D "-.' . . . ! • • " . . . • -: .' O- -2 " " 3 ': - - + . i - I N F I N I T / • •': - I N F I N I T Y : - I N F I N I M .. • •; - I N F I M T / • 9 0 . 3 9 0 0 0 ...-..' . ' : ' . 8 3 . 8 7 9 9 9 " : . 9 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 ; 4 . 6 4 0 0 0 ' • • • •' • :' 5 9 1 . 6 7 5 3 .. '•.. 5 9 0 . 2 4 1 5 . " 5 9 6 . 7 2 2 . 9 5 1 7 6 . 5 1 2 3 9 • : ....••. .-. ;...• .. xy:. • ; : 9 ' - , ' ' . ' . ' :.s..O-. £ ' - ; -'•••-•>"•• C '.-"..'••' 5 3 • . . ; C 7 '• -•• .-. 3 •'•:"•'••'- • . 9 •' ' . 1 0 ' ; - I N F I N I T Y - I N F I N I T Y ' : - I N F I N I T Y .. . . : 2 4 . 1 0 2 5 7 - I N F I N I TY 9 ' - I N F I N I T Y 2 8 . 6 8 9 9 9 • 3 4 . 1 7 9 9 9 .... . . ' . , , .• ; . 2 6 . 9 8 0 0 0 • . .. 2 5 . 6 7 0 0 0 , ' ' ; ' • ' • , . . 2 0 . 6 4 0 0 0 . " 2 0 . 5 7 9 9 9 3 9 4 . 0 6 8 4 ' 4 3 0 . 1 7 1 4 • 2 8 . 7 6 1 6 7 , . • - • . . ... + I N F I N I T Y • 2 7 . 3 9 0 1 7 - . , • 2 7 . 7 6 6 1 1 ' • •  • ' • ' • • •' ' • '•• , .o -9 9.:;-'..;.;o i i "" : - ' • ' ' • • ' • ' - 1 2 • ' • 1 3 ., . •• • IT- . H it. . - I OF I N r ; i-: - I N F I N I T Y ; - I N F I N I T Y • . '.-IN- i NT 7Y '. \. - I N F I N I 7 Y ' - 6 . 7 5 5 3 0 6 2 3 . 1 5 9 9 9 6 . 5 4 0 0 0 0 ' " 9 -• . 1 4 . 5 0 0 0 0 . .;. . ; 1 5 . C 7 0 0 0 1 3 . 5 4 0 0 0 - 1 . 2 0 0 0 0 0 4 6 . 6 6 0 2 6 •' 5 2 . 3 6 3 4 5 4 5 . 5 2 6 5 0 4 6 . 0 3 3 9 8 •' ' 4 3 . 7 1 0 2 4 . . ' : 0 . 3 7 1 0 3 5 0 E - C 4 •' ... 9 - • - ;•:' .-. . . . . : 1 7 ... a 1 9 2 i , ' • ' ' " • • ' • 2 1 ' 2 d • - I N F I N I T Y ' " - I N F I N I T / . - 3 3 . 6 3 7 7 1 . . - I N F I N I T Y • - • - I N F I N I T Y .'-[ N-I N I TY . - i . 2 0 0 0 0 0 • i • - 1 . 2 0 0 0 0 0 . • . , . - ; • ' . - 1 . 2 0 0 0 0 0 J . . ..' • • . - 1 . 2 0 0 0 0 0 ' ' .. ':. •• •"• - 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 9 9 - 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 9 9 C . l 9 0 7 3 . 4 9 E - 0 5 C. 0 -0 . 2 7 6 5 6 5 6 F - 0 4 • • C O 0 , 0 '••' • • 0 . 0 . 9 . 5 ' ' ; ' ' x C ^ - ^ X 9 - ".' 9 9 • - • - •• '••';•• ' . 5 ' " 59 •' .. • r • . Zi .-. •' .;• 2 4 . : - I N F I N I T Y ' - I N F I M TY • - 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 9 9 • - 0 . 2 3 9 9 9 9 9 • C O . 0 . 0 • , • • • :.. . . •;• ' " ' . 9 ' 0 . 9 : ;•' 9 5 •• R I G H T H A N D • . N U M B E R S I D E R A N 3 I N G : •• L O W E R 3 0 J N O ••:• R H S U P P E R B O U N D • • •7^.-.,:,: 9,9 : • • : : ' ; " ^ : ' l ' 7 v ' ' - ' 9 : ' ' : 9 : : • • -V? ' " *1 • : i i 59 ..-..•.' ' . :• •'•: •' ' ; - . . -3 "' 3 0 . 2 4 4 1 4 9 6 E - 0 3 0 . 7 5 2 4 2 1 9 E - 0 3 4 3 5 . 5 5 9 * . ; . , : ' • L 4 3 5 . = 5 5 9 " ••"-•' 4 3 5 . 3 6 0 4 • 4 3 5 . £ 5 5 4 . • 2 6 8 . 0 0 0 0 . 4 8 0 . 0 0 0 0 7 3 0 . 0 0 0 0 ' . :.,..y •. • ••' tao.coo'o .. 5-; 7 8 0 . 0 0 0 0 ' . . 7 3 0 . 0 0 0 0 2 6 8 . 0 0 0 0 + I N F I N I T Y ' + I N F I N I T Y . - . • I N F I N I T Y + 1 NF I N I TY . • I N F I N I T Y , ' • r o 7 i 9 1 j - 0 . 7 5 7 3 9 5 3 E 0 9 . . - 0 . 1 5 2 4 6 5 J E - 0 3 • • 0 . 0 • , - 2 5 6 2 . 0 5 0 . O . O • • ? • ;-• ... • • 0 . 0 0 . 0 . 0 . 0 . . . . . 0 . 0 ••'•.:.' . o.o 0 . 0 . • ' • • I N F I N I T Y . • I N F I N I T Y 0 . 0 , + I N F I N I T Y . . . O -HALFrfAY- R- TA'f. R r - 0 I S T R I £T P A R A M E T E R CARD E C H O : ' NUKSER OF IN ECU At. IT IES= .- - , 1 1 . - : . VC'-IBER OF E Q U A L ! T I F S = • ' 0 NUM 3 ER OF ACTIVITIES= . 24 . • TCLERANCE LEVEL = ,'..'' ,0 .00000099999.9 ; MA XI MI ZI KG . ';• '•; - •':'". : :.' '"  ;-OAT A LOADED INPUT TABLEAU: I < S T ROW CONTAINS OSJECTIVE FUNCTION ' ' . . • ' • • • N ;<T 11 ROWS CONT AIM INEOOALI TY CONSTRAINTS' -• COL. .1 COL. 2 . COL ." 3 COL. 4 COL. '5 .COL. 6 - COL. 7 COL. 8 • ' COL. '. 9 COL.' io . :•:"".' • ROW 1. 105.9000 100.6400 1.03.4300 103.7500 • 23..690 - - 34.180 26.930 25.670 • -20. 640 20.5 30 " ROW 2 3.7 3 50 .3.6=77 . e.66 67 6.6200 4.5103 - . 4.9131 : 0.31350 0 .27580 0.29310 0.30120 ROW 3 . . 6 . 0 0 0 0 - 6 . 0 000 6.00-0 0 6.0000 0 . 0 0 . 0 0. 0 0 . 0 0 . 0 . 0 . 0 .: ROW 4 0 . 0 0.0 •0.0 0.0 ' - ' 7 . 7 0 00 '• • 3 . 9 5 0 0 ' .' .0.50000 . • .. 0.50000 .-. , C. 50000 :.; ':"' 0- 50000 ' ROW 3 2.6120 2 . 6 120 .2.6120 ' 2.4560 ? 3.6 750 3.6750 0 .50000 0.50000 0.50000 0 . 5 0 0 0 0 . " ROW 6 7. 39 30 7. 3 " , 0 7.8980 . 7.89P.0 • 1.0-500 . • . 1.0500 0.5C000 0.50000 . 0.50OCO , 0.50000 ':] '•' '•'-" ' ROW 7V- 0.0 ' -0 .0 0.0 • 0.0 5. 0 75 0 • 6.3250 "'•' " 0.5 0000 0.50000 : 0.50000 0.50000 •"'-• ROW 8 -0.97200 -0 . 9 7 2 0 0 -1.6200 - -0.97200 . 0.12000 0.4 7520 1.0055. 1 . 1.662,- 0.93 ISO •-. 1.0710 . . ROW 9 . 0.0 0.0 0 . 0 -0.2 8 650 0.0 0.0 ' 0.12490 . . 0 . 0 ' 0.0. V o.o ' ... •• • ; ROW 10 0.0 : - 0 . 57-800 0.0 . 0.0. 0.0 0.0 . 0 . 0 .'0.0 "co : .0.0 - . . ' K'O-W L i - 9 . 0 0 0 0 ' - 9 .0 0 00 • -9.0000 -9.0000 2.2000 : - 2.3 5O0 0.30070 0.2 8330 . 0.29470 C.29 470 . • ROW 12 . - 0 . 4 3 0 0 0 0. 0 0. 0 •0.0 0 . 0 ' ;.•• 0.0 ' 0.0 •' 0.0 0. 0 o. o .-••'.:.:•': > COL . 11 . COL. 12 COL. 1.3 •" . ' COL. 14 COL. 15 COL. 2 6 ' COL. 17 ' . COL. 13 . COL. 19. . COL. 20 ", ..' . ROW 1 25,700 6 . 5 4 0 3 ' ; 14.500 15.070 1 3 . 5 4 0 ' -1.2000 . -1.2000 - '.-1.2 000 •".'• -1 .2000 • "- -1 .2000 • ROW 2 0.2 2140 0 . 59C .0 C.51880 0. 52 900 0.50 26-0 0.0 ' 0.0 C O 0.0 •0.0 • ROW j , 0.93340'.. 0.0 . • - O.n . 0.0 0. 0 •0.0 0.0 .0.0 .0.0 : , - 0.0 ..•'.'•' - ROW . 4 .' o.o ''••'.• 1 . 0 0 6 0 '•• • 0.50300 0.75000 0.45000 0.0 '..- . •o.o..: '.• o.o ".;•'. - 0.0 - " ",..0.0 .'-" ' .."-'. ' ROW 5 . , .0.6 9090 1 . 0 6 1 3 1.3800 0.750C0 0.45000 o.o .../;•.; ;o . 0 . 0 o.o ...:....:. '-. 0.0 . .: 0.0 .';'':/ ROW a . 0.5 0000 1 .066.0 . • 0.0 0.75000 0. 45000 0. 0 ' ... o.o ; - o.o ; 0.0 .. : -0.0 :.'-•. ••'•'.; ROW 7 0.0 • , C.4 7 8 30 ' 0.35500 • 0.75000 0.45000 0.0 0.0 0 . 0 0.0 ' 0.0 ROW c* 0.05120 • 0 . 3 6 7 c 0 0.840 0 0 E - 01 0.122 10 0 . 9 4 0001:-01 -1 .0000"-- 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 . 0 • '".". ' ROW 9 0 . 0 • ; 0 .0 0 . 0 •• o.o • O.C 0 . 0 - . -1. 0000 ". 0.0 0.0 • o.o • • * ROW 10 •' 0.0 ; • . 0.0 . - 0 . 0 0.19740 0.17500 0.0 - .0.0 . - -1.0000 0.0 '" 0.0 "'. ROW i l ' . 0.0 i 0.56150 . 0. 35250 .; ..... 0.0 0.0 ; ; ..-'-.• ..' O.o : . ' 0.0 ; . .0.0 . , ':.- . . .-1 .0000 '•; O.C. '.- .:. -.. ... . • '• .- . ROW • . •' • •. i I 0.0 " ' ••• i 0.0 - 0.0 ., ;•' 0.51800E-01 0.0 o.o • 0.0 C O ,, - 0.0 .-- ' - 1.0000 '-• v-' k> .... "... .• . , COL. 21 : ... CCL. 2-2 . .. COL. 2 3 . ... COL. . 2 4 -. COL. 25 .. '._ 1 . ROW • X -0.2 40 00- .. -0.24000 -C. 2 40 00, -0.240CO '.- 0.0 ROW z o.o : 0.0 : 0.0 . C O 220.00 I. • ROW • 3 0.0 0.0 0 . 0 0.0 480.00 ROW ROW ROW ROW ROW -Sow. - 4 5 6 7 3 -1.OOOO 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - O'.O -1.CCGO 0.0 0.0 o . o . ;. . 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 1.0000 0.0 • 0. 0 0 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -l.COOO ' 0.0 . 0.0 . 780.-00 - 780.00 780.00 780.00 0.0 • 0.0 0.0 0.0 . o.o ; O.C , .0.0 : 0.0 0.0.-. 0 . 0 0.0 0.0 ' 0 . 0 .. o.c ..; . '.; 0.0 ', r - 0 , ... . ... 0.0 • : . ROW 10 ROW i l ROW 12 ITERATION LOG: ITERATION OBJ . FUN . . V AR. I N VAR .OUT ' 1 . • . • ; . • . "' : ; PHASE I I BEG IMS 1 . • • • ; .....FEASIBLE . 1 : 2 38-7.07 1 .'-25 -..'.'"'.. - 2 3 6 2'-.. 5 5 \ • 11 31 ' ,. '.-;'• '.- '. .. 'I- • . • v . • • •• - . . . : • i 15573.3 16 26 •" -''••: ' ' '•• • ' . : ' • • " • ••••• '• . •• ' • . • ' • - , 4 1744 3. 3 .. 6 . . 34 . . , ; • ' . -• .. 9- . . . . . . -:- 2 • • • • ' . • : . 1 : ; ; - 5 17443.3 - 7 ' 32 21814.3 ..', .... 17 ... 6 .... '• '" . :• . 265 4 7.4 • ' 19'. 1 • ,. . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . .... • 8 272 37.4 8 . • 7 OPTIMAL VALUE OF. THE OBJECTIVE FUNCTION* 27237.36 PRIMAL SOLUTION VECTOR: VARIAbL= VALUE • 6 11 16 17 19 •406.0510 437.85 30 ' 791.22 63 0. 6 1 0 3 5 i t E - C 4 27. 23 2 7 30 3 3 _12_ 1576.9735 '239 .9 15 3 .. 33 3 .0464 • 57.6. 9739 0 .0 SLACK 3 SLACK 4 SLACK 5 SLACK 6 SLACK 9 0 .5360403E-05 SLACK 11 .THE' RLOUCc VARIABLE 0 COSTS: VALUE 746.1001 742.9192 ',: 737. 5300 •! 733. 5933 ' 26 5 . 37 7 5 •395.9912 1 '^LoOl 9 13 12 . 13 i i 6. 7 501 7 6 7.186144 45 .32333 .31. 0 2652 30.96399 30. 170 20 to 13 20 21 - 2 2 . ' 2 3 •  - • ?\ i 1. 200OCC 1.200000 0.2399999 0.2399959 :0 .2399999 0.2 199999 ' ' •'• 9;: —«--•• ' ' " . . DU AL .SO LUT ION VECTOR: . . . VARi abLE , . VALUE ..:.„•.....: ...... . .- ~ • .'.•:..: . . - i 36.74384 z • 7 •• . - 3 -, 13. .- 16..93592 5 1.200024 . 1.2CC123 1.2000 12 - no. ]- ; r i vP Fi) NC. T T nN Oficrctr T = \ T S A M G T N O : - COEE P . . ' LOilER '3 C UNO COST/PROF IT . UPPER SOUND • ' • -• '- .... " . i '•' i l •t . ..-INFINITY .-IN-INITY • •' -INF INI TY --INFINITY - • .. '105. 89999 5 100.64000 ' • • 103.42999 103.75000 "'• • .' 852.0000 „'•; ... ' '.. .'. 843.55 91 ' ' '' • 840.9600 5 '. ••' 837.3433 • • '• . '. ; • .' • 3 . , a 7 • a - " • . 9 10 --•INFINITY -TNE INITY • ' — INF I MTV ;9 . 23.9 ?0i7 •-INFINITY -INFINITY 2 8 . 6 8999 ... 34. 17999 .. . 26.93000 2 5.67000 20.64000 2.0.57999 394.06 79 430. 1711 • 1 . 28.91 159 .. '•.: 46.49007 • 27.39017• 27.76613 Ii ; .'-13 -• i i 19 i j Ii, • •• 19.9 36 5 7 -INFINITY -IN-INITY - INF INI fY • . -INFINITY - 7. 2 34 1 5 5 36.70CC0 6.540000 . 14.50000 . 15.C7000 13.54000 -1 .2 00000 : -• C 1011 474E 03 . . 5.2.26337 • 45.52652 46.03398 43.71015 5 • 0.23S4.186F-04 • : 1? - . I i ii • , Z J " "• 21 22 -25)3.324 • • -INF INI TY -45.95110 • -INF IN I TY -INF I M T Y -INFINITY - 1 .200000 -1.2 0000 0 -1 .2 OOOOO ' ' - 1 ..200CCO -0.2399999 -0. 23 99999 • C. 1230240E-03 O.C 0. 1335I44E-04 . 0. 0 . ' ..•. ; 0.0 0.0 ' ; • 2 3 21 - INFINITY -INFINITY • -0.23^9959 -0.2399999 CO' • c o • - ; 9 • < . •-" :- RIGHT HAND .. .: . NUMscR SIDE RANGING: LOWER BO.JNG RHS UPPER BOUND . -. •'.• • • :".•"'•••'•'' • •'• : ' i . ' > ''" 3 • • 1J3.0112 -0.1464344E-02 •.' . • 20 3.02 61 540.C845. " 445 .95 36 • 20 3.0261 . 220.OOOO 480.00.00 .. 780.OOOO . 780. o c c o . ' : . 780.0000 " 780.0000 352.3374 . 977.6772 . r. + INFIN!TY " .';..';:..; .: +TNF IN l"TY. ' '.'• ' +INFINITY ' + INFIN IT 7 ...•/„.•..9....: -^.;0;;.,-9 : ro r • .: 7 a • • , i i ... -0. 52403239 09 . '-0.8356362E 03 0.0 . . -0 .3.7 4 5 7 2 6 E 09. -0.5360403E-05 0.0 0.0 . 0. 0 0. 0 . • 0.0 • 791.2263 0.6103516E-04 ;. .... +INFIN:TY - ...... • 117.2675 •' ' +INFINITY , .. ,•..-,. . . . 5 . ... . . •,.••..' . 

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