Open Collections

UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Literary and ideological heritage of Peter Vasilyevich Verigin Karpoff, Theodore Matthew 1973

Your browser doesn't seem to have a PDF viewer, please download the PDF to view this item.

Item Metadata

Download

Media
831-UBC_1973_A8 K37_6.pdf [ 10.93MB ]
Metadata
JSON: 831-1.0101412.json
JSON-LD: 831-1.0101412-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): 831-1.0101412-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: 831-1.0101412-rdf.json
Turtle: 831-1.0101412-turtle.txt
N-Triples: 831-1.0101412-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: 831-1.0101412-source.json
Full Text
831-1.0101412-fulltext.txt
Citation
831-1.0101412.ris

Full Text

LITERARY AND IDEOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF PETER VASILYEVICH VERIGIN by THEODORE MATTHEW KARPOFF B.A., B.D., M.A., U n i v e r s i t y o f A l b e r t a , 1935 D.D., Union T h e o l o g i c a l C o l l e g e , 1968 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS i n the Department o f SLAVONIC STUDIES We accept, t h i s t h e s i s , as conforming to the r e q u i r e d standard THE UNIVERSITY OF June, BRITISH COLUMBIA 1973 In p r e s e n t i n g t h i s t h e s i s i n p a r t i a l f u l f i l m e n t o f the requirements f o r an advanced degree a t the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, I agree t h a t the L i b r a r y s h a l l make i t f r e e l y a v a i l a b l e f o r r e f e r e n c e and study. I f u r t h e r agree t h a t p e r m i s s i o n f o r e x t e n s i v e copying of t h i s t h e s i s f o r s c h o l a r l y purposes may be gra n t e d by the Head o f my Department o r by h i s r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s . I t i s understood t h a t copying o r p u b l i c a t i o n o f t h i s t h e s i s f o r f i n a n c i a l g a i n s h a l l not be allowed w i t h o u t my w r i t t e n p e r m i s s i o n . Theodore Matthew Ka-rpoff Department o f S l a v o n i c S t u d i e s The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h Columbia Vancouver 8, Canada Date June, 1973 i i ABSTRACT In 1839 the Doukhobors i n Russia were accused of heresy. By the decree of Tsar N i c h o l a s I, they were e x p e l l e d from N o v o r o s s i i s k p r o v i n c e to the r e g i o n beyond the Caucasus. Nineteen years l a t e r , i n 1858, P e t e r V e r i g i n was born i n a " p e a c e f u l and p i o u s " Doukhobor f a m i l y home i n the v i l l a g e o f S l a v i a n k a i n Y e l i z a v e t p o l s k p r o v i n c e . ( T h e s i s , p. 33.) Because of p e r s e c u t i o n s , the Doukhobors l e f t -Russia and migrated to Canada. From 1898 to 1902 they s e t t l e d i n Saskatchewan, and i n 1907 i n B r i t i s h Columbia. Misunderr 1'": • st a n d i n g between the Canadian a u t h o r i t i e s and the Doukhobors f o l l o w e d . Canada's o f f i c i a l r e p r e s e n t a t i v e , Johnson MacDou-g a l , i n s i s t e d t h a t t i t l e s to the homestead land c o u l d be" granted not to the commune as a whole but on l y to i n d i v i d u a l s a f t e r they had f u l f i l l e d c e r t a i n government requirements. The Doukhobors, under the l e a d e r s h i p of Peter V e r i g i n , wanted to hoQid and to develop t h e i r l a n d communally. (Thesis pp. .-. 153-155.) More s e r i o u s problems developed when a mere s p l i n t e r from the main body of Doukhobors chose t o defy w i t h v i o l e n c e both the l e g a l i s t i c approach ( t h i s i s the law!) of the government and the m o r a l i s t i c approach of Peter V e r i g i n . There were a l s o non-Doukhobor elements t h a t took the law i n t o t h e i r own hands i n d e a l i n g w i t h the Doukhobor l e a d e r . On i i i October 29, 1924, P e t e r V e r i g i n was k i l l e d by a bomb which exploded under h i s s e a t w h i l e he was t r a v e l l i n g i n a r a i l w a y coach from B r i l l i a n t t o Grand F o r k s . ( T h e s i s , pp. 16 8-170.) Peter V e r i g i n was adequately l i t e r a t e . His d e f i c i e n -c i e s i n h i g h e r e d u c a t i o n he had r e p l e n i s h e d w i t h r e a d i n g those books t h a t i n the main i n t e r e s t e d him f o r t h e i r moral, r e l i g i o u s , p h i l o s o p h i c a l and p i e t i s t i c content. ( T h e s i s , p. 116.) In a l e t t e r to V e r i g i n , Leo N. T o l s t o y acknowledged c e r t a i n of V e r i g i n ' s v i r t u e s , such as the e a r n i n g of d a i l y bread by h i s own p e r s o n a l t o i l . From V e r i g i n ' s example, T o l s t o y r e c e i v e d moral support f o r h i m s e l f . ( T h e s i s , p. 99.) In Canada, Commissioner W i l l i a m Blackmore p r a i s e d V e r i g i n f o r h i s d e v o t i o n to h i s people — i f o n l y he h i m s e l f and h i s people c o u l d be persuaded to c a r r y out the laws of the l a n d . (Note: t h e r e were oc c a s i o n s when the type of p e r s u a s i o n s used were not i n accord w i t h good laws of the land.) ( T h e s i s , pp. 155-169,169.) Another o u t s t a n d i n g Canadian, an independent Doukho-bor, was P e t e r N. M a l o f f of Thrums, B. C. (author of Doukho-b o r s : T h e i r H i s t o r y , L i f e and S t r u g g l e ) . He d e s c r i b e s Peter V e r i g i n as an i d e a l i s t and a t the same time as a r e a l i s t . ( T h e s i s , p. 167.) The course o f . V e r i g i n * s e v e n t f u l l i f e and h i s i n t e r e s t i n , and d e v o t i o n to h i s people extends over f o u r c o n s e c u t i v e i v p e r i o d s : f i r s t the p e r i o d of c h i l d h o o d and e d u c a t i o n , both l i t e r a r y and i d e o l o g i c a l , r e l a t e d to:the. Doukhobor t r a d i t i o n ; second, the p e r i o d of t r a i n i n g and the c a l l to l e a d e r s h i p ; the t h i r d p e r i o d , extending over s i x t e e n years i n e x i l e , from 1886 to 1902, d e a l s w i t h V e r i g i n ' s l e a d e r s h i p i n a b s e n t i a , h i s l i t e r a r y and i d e o l o g i c a l c r e a t i v i t y i n l e t t e r s t o h i s people and correspondence w i t h eminent persons of t h a t p e r i o d . ( T h e s i s , pp. 17, 3 3 f f , 4 0 f f , 69-148.) The f o u r t h p e r i o d of V e r i g i n ' s l i f e t e l l s the s t o r y of h i s l e a d e r s h i p i n Canada from 1902 to 19 24. The whole h i s t o r y of t h i s p e r i o d i s so complex and v a r i e g a t e d t h a t i t would take another theme to pursue i t . The Doukhobors i n  Canada would probably be the new theme. There f o r e we s e t a l i m i t t o our t h e s i s w i t h reminiscences about Peter V e r i g i n and contemporaneity which w i l l s t i l l remind us of h i s charac-t e r and h i s i d e o l o g y . ( T h e s i s , p. 148 to end.) One word f u r t h e r : throughout the t h e s i s there runs one unchanging purpose of the author: a s i n c e r e attempt t o put f o r t h a t r u t h f u l and s y s t e m a t i c r e t r o s p e c t of Peter V e r i g i n ' s l i f e and work i n g e n e r a l , and i n p a r t i c u l a r to e v a l u a t e h i s l i t e r a r y and i d e o l o g i c a l r e a c t i o n to the problems t h a t have a r i s e n i n consequence of the whole h i s t o r i c Doukho-bor movement i n Russia and l a t e r i n Canada. The author con-s i d e r s t h a t such a r e t r o s p e c t i s necessary f o r the sake of e l u c i d a t i o n of the many pages of the h i s t o r i c Doukhobor V p i l g r i m a g e and the i d e o l o g i c a l c o n t r i b u t i o n i t has occasioned. F i n a l l y , i n s o f a r as we i n Canada are p o l y g l o t i n p r i n c i p l e but o f f i c i a l l y are b i l i n g u a l , we s h a l l end our t h e s i s w i t h a b r i e f resume i n the French language. (P. 180.) COflEPKAHHE v i rJIABA CTPAHHILA ABSTRACT i i ACKNOWLEDGMENTS x •• I . BCTyiUIEHHE 1 3 H a ^ e H H e y c T H O - H f l e H H o r o M n p o B 0 3 3 p e H H H flyxo6opn,eB 2 y c T H o e n p e n a H H e O T H O C H T e J i B H O y H T e p - 0 $ H n ; e p a . . 4 Ycnex p y K O B O f l H T e j i K C H J i y a H a K o j x e c H H K O B a . . . . 5 P y K O B O f l H T e j i B H j i a p H O H IIOSHPOXHH c e x i a ropejioro . 7 P a 3 H o r j i a c H e H pacKoxt M e a g r y IIO6HPOXHHBIM H yKJieHHHIM 9 A J i e K c a H f l p I o 6 p a i q a e T BHHMaHHe H a c e K T a H T O B . . 13 flyxoSopubi H a MOJIO^HHX Bonax 1800-1840 . . . . 16 P y K O B O H H T e j i B C a B e j i H f t K a n y c T H H . . . . . . . . 16 B b i c e J i e H H e Hyxo6opu;eB B 3aKaBKa3Be 2 5 P y K O B O f l H T e j i B H H i j ; a J l y K e p b H B a c H J i B e B H a K a j i M b i K O B a 31 I I . IIETP BACHJIBEBHA BEPHrHH—EHOrPAOHqECKHH O^EPK . 3 3 I l e T p B. B e p u r H H H J l y K e p b H B. K a j i M H K O B a . . . . 35 P a c K O J i M&xajiY flyxo6opn;aMH—ccHJiKa n. B. B e p H r H H a 46 I I I . COTPyflHHKH H COy^ACTHHKH n. B. BEPHrHHA . . . . 50 J l e B HHKOJiaeBH^c TOJICTOH 50 TpHropHH B. B e p H T H H , 6paT II. B. BepHrHHa . . . 54 v i i rJIABA CTPAHHUA LTaBeji H B a H O B K M BHPKJKOB— T O J i C T O B e u . . . . . . . . . . . 57 HBaH EBceeBHM K O H K H H . 57 BacHJiHfi B. BepHTHH, 6paT cTapme II. B. BepHTHHa 60 BacHJiHfi r . BepemarHH 60 IV. riHCBMA n. B. BEPHrHHA H3 CCbUIKH—ErO flEflTEJIBHOCTB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 B 3 a H M O O T H o m e H H e Meacny BepnrHHHM H ., flyxo6opu;aMH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 IIHCBMO 1-e Ha nyTH B UleHKypcK . . . . . . . . 72 IIHCBMO 3-e Ha nyTH H 3 ItieHKypcKa B MocKBy . . . 76 IIHCBMO 4-e K TOJiCTOBuy AneKceio CeMeHOBH^y fl. . 78 IIHCBMO 5-e H 3 06n;opcKa KO BceM 6paTBHM . . . . 80 IIHCBMO 6-e H 3 06nopcKa K flyxoSopuaM EOJIBIUOH napTHH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 npHJioaceHHe 6-My nnc&My—IIcajioM 144 83 IIHCBMO 7-e, o rp'aMOTHOCTH H K H H T S X . . . . . . 84 IlHCBMa: 1-e, 14-e, 22-e, 42-e K HBaHy T p e r y S o B y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 IlepBoe nncBMo T O J I C T O T O K IleTpy BepHraHy . . . 89 BTopoe n n c B M O T o n c T o r o K IleTpy BepHTHHy . . . . 95 ILnaH CoaoKeHHH OpyacHH H e r o o c y m e c T B J i e H H e . . . 104 n o a n e f l C T B H H COXOKeHHH: H 3 T H a H K H , T O J l O f l , CMepTB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 v i i i JIABA CTPAHHIIA B o c n o M H H a H H e o BepHr-HHe n o j i H T H ^ e c K H M CCblJIBHHM . . . . . . . . . 112 IIHCBMO 19-e K E B r e H H i o H B a H O B H ^ y I I o n o B y . . . . 121 IIHCBMO 17-e K HHKOjraio T. H3K>NraeHKO . . . . . . 122 I l H C B M a : 44-e, 35-e, 59-e, 63-e, B a » H b i e O T p B I B K H 131 I l H C B M a : 45-e, 48-e, 50-e, 18-e, 52-e, B aacHB i e O T p b l B K H 132 IIHCBMO 33-e K H M n e p a T p H i j e A J i e K c a H n p e P O M a H O B O H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 IIHCBMO 34-e K flpy3BHM K B a K e p a M B AHTJIHH . . . 136 IIHCBMO TOJICTOTO K C T p a n a i o m H M flyxoCopuaM . . . 140 IIHCBMO B e p H T H H a K JlBBy H. T o j i c T O M y 142 P e m e H H H n p a B H T e J i B C T B a - — 6 e 3 B b i x o f l H H e y c n o B H H ,. . 145 flyxoeopuBi B 1898 n e p e c e J i n i o T C H B KaHany . . . . 147 V . BOCnOMHHAHHH O FIETPE BACHJIbEBH^IE B E P H T H H E ; . . 148 n. B. B e p n r H H B I l e T e p S y p r e . npo $ e c c o p r. KJIO^IKOB 148 KOMHCCHH H K o M H C C H O H e p E j i a K M o p , K a H a f l a . . . . 155 IIHCBMO T e o f l o p a B e p e H f l c e H a . . . . . . . . . . . 157 LTeTp H. M a j i O B 170 VI.., IIETP BACHJIBEBHq BEPHrHH H COBPEMEHHOCTB . . . . 172 ®HJioco$CKO-paii ;HOHa.nHCTH^ecKHH Bonpoc . . . . . 172 ix rJIABA CTPAHHILA flyxoSop^iecTBO no cpaBHeHHio c flpyrHMH flBHHCeHHHMH 173 KpHTepHH coBpeMeHHocTH II. B. BepurHHa . . . . 175 CoBpeMeHHocTB TojicToro H BepnrHHa 33BHCHT OT HX npeflaHHOCTH COBpeMeHHOCTH y^ceHHH HHcyca XpncTa 178 PE3K3ME (Resume.)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 BHEJIHOrPA(DHH . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . 186 - X ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I wish t o express my s i n c e r e thanks and a p p r e c i a t i o n to P r o f e s s o r Z. F o l e j e w s k i , the Chairman o f Graduate S t u d i e s i n the Department of S l a v o n i c S t u d i e s , f o r h i s k i n d l y and h e l p f u l guidance d u r i n g my graduate s t u d i e s a t U.B.C., and to Mrs. I r i n a Reid who i n her courses taught the val u e and u t i l i t y of Russian^, i n E n g l i s h andivice.-.yersayfsmaking t h i s one form of b i l i n g u a l i s m necessary and p o s s i b l e . T r a n s l a t i o n i s never a mere rendering-; r a t h e r - i t : - i s -the i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of the thought, i d e o l o g y and l i t e r a r y a r t of the o r i g i n a l w r i t e r . F u r t h e r , I tender my utmost thanks and a p p r e c i a t i o n t o my l e c t u r i n g and s u p e r v i s i n g P r o f e s s o r , V a l e r i a n Revutsky, not only f o r the graduate courses t h a t broadened and e n r i c h e d my knowledge of the Russian language, but a l s o f o r the time and h e l p g i v e n without l i m i t or s t i n t , and f o r the warm and f r i e n d l y a s s i s t a n c e p r o f f e r e d i n the p r e p a r a t i o n o f t h i s t h e s i s . F i n a l l y , I express e a r n e s t thanks to Mrs. Ruby Toren, the S e c r e t a r y i n the DSS, f o r her most p a i n s t a k i n g and expert performance i n p r o o f r e a d i n g , c o r r e c t i n g and t y p i n g the s c r i p t of the t h e s i s . JIHTEPATyPH.0-HflEHH.OE HACJIEflHE nETPA BACHJIBEBH^A BEPHrHHA I. BCTynJIEHHE TaK K a K jiHTepaTypHO-HfleHHoe HacjieflHe IleTpa BacHJibeBH^a BepHTHHa COCTaBJIHeT JIHUIB MaCTb, X O T H 3 H a^JH T e JIB HO B a)KHyK) ^laCTB , flyxo6op^ecKoro cjioBecHo-HfleHHoro flBHaceHHH, Haiua ypo^Han 3ana^ia no6y»flaeT Hac n o K a a a T B , *ITO BCHKOS HflefiHoe T B o p ^ i e c T B O co3Hfla-romee MnpoB033peHHe jj;yxo6op*iecKoro HCiopH^iecKoro flBHHceHHH, H C X O f l H T H3 H f l eHHO - y C T H O H H HfleHHO-nHCBMeHHOH C J l O B e C H O C T H . B M e c T e c T e M BaacHo 3aMeTHTB, mo ycTHan c j i o B e c H O C T B M o a c e T n e p e x o f l H T B B nucBMeHHyio H Hao6opoT. y c T H y w c j i O B e c H O C T B nyxo-SOpUbl Ha3bIBaK)T „5KHBOTHOH KHHrOH" , a nHCBMeHHyiO O H H Ha3b3B aK)T riHC&MOM, nHcaHHeM una, n p o d o , JiHTepaTypoft (pa3Hbix a c a H p o B ) . no flyxo6op^:ecKOMy noHHMaHHio, ycTHan c j i O B e c H O C T B („JKHBOTHan KHara") no npeHMymecTBy, CTaBHTCH He.cpaBHHTOJIBHO Bbmie nucBMeH-Hoft C J i O B e c H o c T H . noTOMy, no 6 H 6 j i H H C K O M y 3aBeTy, c J i O B a : „HanH-uiHTe BO c e p f l n a x , B03BecTHTe BO y c T a x " , npHEaiOT oco6oe 3HaieHHe y c T H O f i nponoBeflH, H B STOM C M b i c j i e OHH CXOAHTCH c KBaKepaMH. Hanie rJiaBHoe npeflHa3HaHeHHe, 3TO--oxapaKTepH30BaTB, He TOJiBKO JIH^HOCTB neTpa BacHJiBeBtma BepHTHHa, pyKOBonHTejiH nyxo-SopueB SOJIBUIOH napTHH, nepHOfl ero OTcyTCTBHH B ccfauiKe, — HO xaKsce o x a p a K T e p H 3 0 B a T B ero nncBMa, K O T o p u e conepacaT B ce6e, ero J i H T e p a T y p H O-HfleHHoe MHpoB03 3peHne nyxobop^ecKoro flBioceHHH. K 3 T O M y M U n p H C T y I T H M B n o c J i e B C T B H H , n o c j i e Haiuero n p e f l C T a B J i e H H H 3Ha^eHHa ycTHOH cjroBecHocTH ,nyxo6opLi;eB. .. 3HA^EHHE YCTHO-HflEHHOrO MHPOB033PEHHH flyXOEOPILEB Tan K a K flyxo6ppubi B H X paHHeft H C T O P H H , B 6ojiBUiHHCTBe C J i y ^ a e B , 6biJiH H e r p a M O T H U , y H H X H e o c T a j i o c B n o ^ T H HHKaKoro n n c B M e H H o r o M a T e p n a j i a H 3 c B o e r o H C T o p H i e c K o r o flBraeHHH, H O y H H X c o x p a H H J i a c B M a c c a y c T H U x nepena^: H n p e f l a H H H 0 6 H X X P H C T H -aHCKOM BepoHcnoBeflaHHH. T O J I B K O BbinaioiUHecH J I H ^ H O C T H nyxoSop-M e c K o r o flBHMceHHH o 6 j i a f l a j i H , 6oJiee H J T H MeHee, 3HaHHeM p y c c K o r o H 3 b i K a flJiH qTeHHH E B a H r e j i H H H J I H E H S J I H H , H 3 K O T O P H X O H H ^ e p n a j i n flyxoBHo-HpaBCTBeHHue p y K O B o n c T B a H noy^ieHHH J J I J I H H a p o a a . Kaac-HbiH p K f l O B O H HyxoSopeu; c T a p a n c f l 3 a T B e p f l H T B H a naMHTB n p o n o B e f l H , n c a J I M U , M O J I H T B H , C T H X H , C K a 3 a H H f l , n p e f l a H H H H p a 3 J ! H * I H b i e T O J 1 K O -BaHHH C B O H X p y K O B O J J H T e J i e H , H B C e 3 T O , B C O B O K y i l H O C T H , O H H H a 3 b i B a J i H „ K H B O T H O S K H H T O H " v 3 T a K H u r a npocTO o6o3Ha*iaeT Bee 3ayiHBaHHH, y c T H O , H 3 Secejj; H T O J i K O B a H H H p y K O B O f l H T e J i e f i H y c T H O n e p e f l a B a j i H C B H 3 po ^ a B pon: O T p y K O B O f l H T e J i n K p o f l H T e J i H M , O T p o f l H . T e j i e f t K p , e T H M . no y ^ e H H i o . z r y x o S o p u e B , n w H B o e C J I O B O " , H M e e T B ce6e 6 o j i B i u e e npenMymecTBO, ieM nncaHHoe H J I H ^HTaeMoe B K H u r e H 3 T O Bouij io B n p a B H J i o , n o H f l e p a c H B a e M o e n p H T ^ e f l : „ H a n H i i i H T e B O cepfluax, B03BecTHTe B O y c T a x " . ( P H M . 1 0 : 9 - 1 0 ) . T a K K a K y HyxobopueB S H J I O o ^ e H b M a n o n n c B M e H H o r o MaTe-p H a j i a , T O n o c n e j j p B a T e j i B H b i M n n c a T e j i n M , Byxoeop ' y e c K H M H n o c T o p o H -HHM, npHXOflHJIOCB npH6eraTB K paHHHM nOCTOpOHHHM nHCaTeJIHM, 3 KOTopbie coxpaHHJiH HeKOTopue HOKyMeHTajiBHue C B e f l e H H H o n y x o -6opu;ax paHHero nepnofla, K O H ^ H B i u e r o c H H X noceneHHeM B 3aKaB,Ka3be n p H JlyKepBH KajiMbiKOBOHf 6biBiueH pyKOBOflHTeii&HHLi,bi no 1886 r o f l a . HeKOTopbie H3 n o c T o p o H H H x nHcaTejieft paHHero nepnona, He n o H H M a f l nyxo6op^ecKoro MHP0B03 3peHHH HJIH C M O T p a c HenpHH3HBK) Ha flyxo6op^ecKyio jjjyxoBHO— HpaBCTBeHHyio 3aMKHyTocTB H „He,aocTa-T O K " npaBOCJiaBHbix o6pHflHocTeH, npeflCTaBJiHJiH H X B caMbix O T P H -IiaTe/IBHhlX y M O B 0 3 3peHHHX. OpeCT H O B H U K H H , K O T O p b l H H3,r(aJI CBOK) K H H r y nHyxoeopuH" B 1832 r o n y , 6BIJI O H H H H3 T S K H X nHcaTejieft. OH 6faIJI CBHIIieHHHKOM H nHCaJI C KpHTHMeCKOft TO^KH 3peHHH, CTa~ p a n c B noKa3aTB BepoyieHHe Hyxo6opn;eB, K a K 3a6jiyfliiiHX JiKmeJi OTnaBiiiHX O T I I p a B O C J i a B H O H D,epKBH. BaacHOCTB H O B H U K O T O C O C T O H T B A O K y M e H T a J i B H b i x n p e f l C T a B J i e H H H X r y d e p H a T o p o B H c B H m e H H H K O B , KOTopbie nejiajiH C B O H A O H O C H Ha jayxoSopueB, HO KOTopbie B n o c j i e r i C T B H H, nocne paccJienoBaHHH $ S K T O B , O K a 3 a j i H C B noacHbiMH.i flpyroft 3aMe^:aTejiBHHH nncaTejiB, Oenop B a c H J i B e B H ' y JlHBaHOB t KOTOpblH H3JJ,aJI CBOK) K H H r y , „ P a C K O J I B H H K H H O C T p O X H H K H " , B , 1872 r o f l y , B KOTopofl O H nncaji p flBHSceHHHX pa3Hbix c e K T S H T O B H npe-HMymeCTBeHHO O peJIHrH03HOM H HpSBCTBeHHOM MHpOB033peHHH Hyxo6opu;eB. Bee ycTHo-cJioBecHoe HacneflCTBO flyxoSopiecKoro H B H x e H H H , .nyxodopuhi nojiy^HJiH O T C B O H X p y K O B O f l H T e j i e f i ; " K O T o p a e co3J4aBaJiH C B O H n o y y e H H H H3 TOJiKOBaHHit o c H O B a H H b i x H a BH6JIHH H , O C O b e H H O , Ha EBaHrejiHH H, Boo6me, H3 c e K T a H C K H X BBIBOHOB H ITOHHTHH HCTHHBI. KpaTKHH 0630P TOJ1KOB aHHH H I IOHHTHH flyXOCop^eCKHX pyKOBOflHTeJieH 4 cjienyeT: 1) YcTHoe npe,n;aHHe Hyxo6opu.eB TOBOPHT O BO3HHKHOB6HHH flyxoSop^ecTBa H O n e p B O M nponoBeflHHKe B jiHu.e oTCTaBHoro ..yHTep-OtliHH.epa" npoacHBaBiuero B cejre OxoMeM Ha YKpaHHe B nepBOH nojioBHHe 18-ro CTOJieTHH. no CBeneHHio $e;qopa BacnjiB-eBH^a JlHBaHOBa, STO 6bin HOBHH nponoBeflHHK ycTHO H3JiaraiomHH cBoe HOBoe y^eHHe H yTBepaman, I T O .. . . BJiaCTH He Hy)KHbI, Bee JHOJJH paBHbl, HepapxHH H CBHmeHCTBO BUflyMKa, UepKOBb H OSpHflbl JIHIUHH, MOHainecTBo,—HCKaxeHHe ^ejiOBe^ecKOfl npHpoflbi, noMeniH^BH KaSajia—no3op HJIH JiKmeft, u,apB H apxnepen TaKHe ace JIK>HH KaK H Bee. . . (JlHBaHOB, 11 PaCKOJIBHHKH H OCTpOHCHHKH " , CTp. 681.) H a H M e H O B a H H e „nyxo6opti,H" 6BIJIO flaHO n p H B e p x e m i a M p y c c K O H ceKTbi B MajiopoccHH B 1785 rosy, E K a T e p H H O c j i a B C K H M A p x H e n H C K o n o M AMBpocneM. Te s e caMue npHBep«eHu,bi no STOTO B p e M e H H Ha3bIBaJIHCB „HKOHo6opu , a M H " , TaK KaK OHH He npH3HaBaJIH CBHTOCTH H K O H H SopOJIHCB I i p O T H B H H X . A M B p O C H H Ha3BIBaeT HX „Jlyxo6opLi;aMH", noTOMy ^ITO, no e r o M H e H H W , OHH OTBeprajiH Bee uepKOBHbie TaHHCTBa H n o T O M y SOPOJIHCB npoTHB nyxa EOJKHH. flyxoSopubi no 3 T o r o BpeMeHH Ha3biBajiH ce6n „CbiHaMH EO3KBHMH", K a K H 6biJio yKa3aHO B HX 6-M Bonpoco-OTBeTHOM ncaJiMe, B 5KHBOTHOH K H H T e : B. ^TO Tfai 3 a -^eJiOBeK? 0. H—^eJiOBeK EOHCHH. B. np^eMy TH EOKHH? 0. H Eory MOJUOCB H nomycn, TOH *e CHJIOH o^HmaiocH.. . (H TaK najiBiiie, KOH^ancB 123-M Bonpoco-OTBeTOM) 5 HaHMeHOBaHHe, „,n;yxo6opLi,bi", naHHoe AMBpocHeM B H a c M e u i K y H J T H H 3 H e n p H H 3 H H , c o B c e M He c M y T H J i o \ n y x o 6 o p u e B . O H H O X O T H O npHHHJIH Ha3BaHHe H C T e X nop HS3blB aJIH Ce6H „ HMeHOB aHHblMH flyxo6opu,aMH", roBopn: MBI J I K ) J J , H , HMeHOBaHHbie flyxoeopubi; . . . M B I saKOHa BoKBero, Bepfai HncycoBOH . . Mu flyxooopubi, noTOMy ^ I T O flyxoM C B H T B I M CopeMCH n p o T H B n j i O T C K H x HeMomefi H rpexa, n p o T H B J I » C H H H e c n p a B e f l J i H B O C T H , H 6 O T a K O B U x noK J I O H H H K O B TocnoflB Eor HmeT. (CyxopeB, „ H C T . flyx."', C T P . 8.) Co3flaTejiB 3 T H X C J I O B HecoMHeHHo cTapajicH BBicKa3aTB H X B nyxe no:yueHHH EBaHreJiHH O T HoaHHa m. 4, C T H X H 23-24: Ho HacTaHeT B p e M H , H HacTajio yxce, K o r ^ a H C T H H H u e noKJiOHHHKH 6y,n;yT n o K J i a H H T B C H OTU.y B flyxe H H C T H H C , H 6 O T a K H X n o K J I O H H H K O B Oreu, HmeT ce6e; Bor ecTB flyx, H noKJIOHHiomne EMy BOJiacHU n o K J I O H H T B C H B jj;yxe H HCTHHe. BaacHo 3jiecB 3aMeTHTB T O , * I T O c caMoro Ha^iajia flyxoSopiiu H 3 J i a r a j i H C B O B Bepy B p a i i H O H a j i H C T H M e c K O M n o p a f l K e . 3 T a C K J I O H -H O C T B K p a i i H O H a j i H3My odaeTCH no cero BpeMeHH. y .nyxoSopueB HeT MHCTHieCKHX npeflCTaBJieHHH HJIH nOHCHeHHH peJIHTHH. X P H C T O C PODHJICH OSblKHOBeHHO, KaK pOXflaiOTCH BCe JHOflH . OH CTaJI CHHOM B O S C H H M , noTOMy * I T O B O Been n o j i H O T e ero nyuiH, flyx E O X C H H o S H T a j i B HeM. KaxcjJBiH ^ e j i O B e K Ha3HBaeic3 ^ e j i O B e K O M E O J K H H M , K o r f l a flyx EoacHH npe6uBaeT B HeM. 2) ycnex j4yxo6op^:ecKoro noy^ieHHH B cejie Oxo^ieM, o6e-cne^HBajicH Boo6me, H cOcTOHHHeM y M O B nocejieHueB, H O T j j ; a J i e H -HOCTBK) 3TOH MeCTHOCTH O T UeHTpOB P O C C H H H n p a B H T e J I B C T B e H H O T O Hapofla. 3 T H oScTOHTejiBCTBa cnocoScTBOBajin pacnpocTpaHeHHio HyxoSop^ecTBa no Been TeppHTopHH y K p a H H b i . Tarae xce caMbie npntiHHbi noMorJiH pacnpocTpaHeHHio flyxo6op^iecKoro flBHaceHHH B 6 EKaTepHHOcjiaBCKOH ry6epHHH B O B T O P O H nojiOBHHe 1 8 - r o CTOJieTHH. C 1 7 5 0 ,no 1 7 7 5 rofla CHjryaH KojiecHHKOB 6 H J I nponoBeflHHKOM H poflOHa^iajiBHHKOM eKaTepHHocjiaBCKoro HyxoSop^ecTBa. O H npoHc-X O H H J I O T K a 3 a K O B , nepeceJieHHbix B O B p e M f l EKaTepHHbi I I B EKaTe-pHHOCJiaBCKyK) rySepHHio; O H 6 H J I M e J i O B e K rpaMOTHBin, I T O cocTa-BJIHJIO 60JlBIIiyK) peflKOCTB B T O BpeMH. Flo CBefleHHK J I H B aHOBa, OH n e p e H H J T ByxoSop-yecTBO y K o r o - H H b y f l B B nncBMeHax H noTOMy ero rpaMOTHocTB npHroTOBHJia ero K I T P H H J I T H K ) .nyxoSop^ecTBa. TaK roBopHT JlHBaHOB: flOM C H J i y a H a KonecHHKOBa, B cejie H H K O J I B C K O M , BCKope CflejiajiCH MecTHbiM, HapoflHbiM, OTKpbiTbiM V * I H J i H i n e M . Kojiec-HHKOBy J1HIUB CTOHJIO npHKpHTb flOTMOK) OTBepHCeHHe n y p H b l X BJiaCTeH MOCKOBCKHX, THTOTeBIOHX H a f l YKpaHHOH, p a B H O -npaBHOCTB jnofleft npen 3 B K O H O M rpaxcflaHCKHM, Ha3BaTB ijapn H a p x n e p e e B O 6 H K H O B 6 H H U M H J B O H & M H , a 6e3BJiHHTejiBHoe flyxoBeHCTBO, K a K 6 p e M H — H e H y a c H b i M , H ycnex TaKoro y ^ i e H H H M o r 6 H T B o6ecne^ e H B yKpaHHe. (JlHBaHOB, PacK. H O C T P . , C T P . 5 4 . ) KojiecHHKOB o p r a H H 3 0 B a j i B E K a T e p H H O C J i a B C K O f t rySepHHH MHoro O 6 U I H H HOBoro CBoero y ^ i e H H H , X C H J I RO r j i y d O K O H CTapocTH, K a K n a c T B i p B cpenn H O B O T O C B o e r o cTana H y c n e j i T a K rjiy6oro HacaflHTB CBoe yieHHe B cepnuax C B O H X n p o 3 e j i H T O B , I T O flyxoSop-^ecTBO n o m n o , yace nocjie e r o CMepTH, TBepnoio cTonoio no ry6epHHH H HHKorna B Hen H e npeKpai4ajio .cB, 3jj;ecB HyacHO 3aMeTHTB, I T O K o j i e c H H K O B He ^yxcflajiCH HHnjioMaTH^ecKOH HeHTeJiBHOCTH, Korna O H O cnoco6cTBOBa .no Sjiaro-noJiy^Hio flyxodoptiecKHX O 6 I H H H H coxpaHHJio H X O T n p a B H T e j i B C T -B e H H B I X H DiepKOBHO - n p a B O C J i a B H H X npecjrenoBaHHH H H a K a 3 a H H H : O H n a y ^ H J i j j ; y x o 6 o p u e B eKaTepHHOCJiaBCKHX, HapyscHO HeyKJioHHO noKopHTBCH nocTaHOBJieHHHM uepKBH H npaBH-TeJiBCTBa, B K a K O H 6BI ry6epHHH H CTpaHe H M H H cjryyiHJiocB 7 5KHTB, B riOJIBUie I I O K O p f l T b C f l B J i a C T H M n O J I B C K H M H p e J I H T H H K a T O J i H ^ e e K O H , B P O C C H H — n p a B O c n a B H O H , B T y p u H H H n e p c H H M a r o M e T a H C K O H . ( i|PaCKOJIBHHKH H O C T p O M H K H 1 1 , C T p . 692.) no TOJiKOBaHHio B. A. CyxopeBa: CH J i y H H KoJiecHHKOB coBeTOBaji BpeMeHHO npHHHMaTB BHeiUHHH OSpHB ripaBOCJiaBHOH U,epKBH i a B TaHHHKaX flyuiH CBoefl HcnoBefltiBaTB Bora X H B o r o r O T K P U T O T O H M , - - H KOrfla OHH n p H B JieKJIH B H H M a H H e H a C B O H O T K p b l T b i e co6paHHH fljiH noy ^ e H H H cjroBy B O S C H K ) , H C T a j i H noflBep-raTBCH 3 a 3 T O apecTaM H H a K a 3 S H H S M , — T O C T a j i H COBHpaTbCH SOJIbllieH qaCTBK) HO^bK). ( H C T O P H H JJyxo6opu,eB, C T p . 2 5.) H3 nocjie,n;yionHX p y K O B O f l H T e j i e f t , C a B e j i H H K a n y c T H H 3 a n p e -T H J I eKaTepHHOCJiaBCKHM J4yxo6opn ;aM I I O K O P H T B C H n o c T a H O B J i e H H H M ijepKBH H n p a B H T e j i L C T B a , Koraa O H H BbicejiHJiHCb H a Mo.no*iHbie Boflbi, „6oHCb *iTo6bi H a p y a c H o e pa3Hpax<eHHe qyBCTBa n o c p e f l C T B O M o S p H f l H O C T H He co6Jia3HHJio KaK-HH6ynb nyxoCopueB H He yBJieKJio H X K OTCTyilHHMeCTBy" . JlyKepbH KaJTMHKOBa, pyKOBOflHTeJTbHHUa 3 a K a B K a 3 C K H X flyxo6opu;eB 6bina B b i H y a m e H a B H I I O J I H H T B Tpe6oBaHHe n p a B H T e j i B C T B a I I P H H H T B y^iacTne B BoeHHOM nefiCTBHH B O BpeMH PyceKO-TypeuKOH B O H H H 1877 rofla. 06 S T H X flByx p y K O B O f l H T e j i n x , K a n y c T H H e H KaJiMbiKOBOft, B npeflHflymnx 3aMeiaHHHX t a Tenepb, C J I O B O o T p e T b e M p y K O B O f l H T e j i e : 3) P y K O B O f l H T e J i b H j i a p n o H I I O 6 H P O X H H n o H B H J i c n B c e j t e T o p e x i o M , T a M S O B C K o r o ye3na> O H 6biJi ^ e j i O B e K S o r a T H H , onTOBBiH ToproBeu, uiepcTBK) H B I U H P O K O M pacnpocTpaHeHHH Ben ToproBbie oSopoTH B y e s f l a x c o c e f l H H X ry6epHHH ; n o T O M y O H H M e j i B O 3 M O » H O C T B BecTH C B O K ) n p o n o B e f l b B o i e H b I U H P O K O M Macurraee. no BHeuiHeMy o6JiHKy O H 6BIJT HeSoJibiuoro pocTa, yBJieKaTexiBHoro xapaKTepa H 8 oSJianaJi ,n;apoM cnoBa H C H J I O K D ySexfleHHH. CpeflH Hapofla O H 6 H J I I U H P O K O H3BecxeH H J I I O 6 H J I co BC6MH paccyjKflaTB, npeHMymecTBeHHO, o jj,ejrax Bepbi. Ero rjiaBHtae noy^eHHH H florMaTH^ecKne paccyx-fleHHH: A) O H y^Hji, * I T O EoxecTBeHHaH Tpokua ecTB HepasnenbHa H B MejioBene npeSbiBaeT: B naMHra, pa3yMe H BOJie: IlaMHTbK) Mbi yno,n;o6jiHeMca Eory - O T u y , pa3yMOM Eory-CbiHy, BOJieio Eory- f l y x y CBHTOMy, X P H C T O C ecTb He n o HHoe KaK BoxecTBeHHbiH pa3yM 7 lexio ^iejiOBeKa ecTB xpawi Bora >KHBoro H yHH^TOscaTB ero HeB03MOXHo (T.e. He no 3 a K O H y EoxBeMy). (CyxopeB, H C T . flyx., C T P . 30.) B) B flyxoBHyio nnmy, no pa3MbnujieHHKi no6HpoxHHa, B X O J J ; H T yieHHe: npoTHB KpemeHHH MjiafleHueB, npHHHTHe O S H I H O C T H HMymecTBa H npH3HaHH6 HeyMecTHocTH C BeTCKHX BJiacTeK B LtapcTBe Hncyca XpHCTa. B) I 1 O 6 H P O X H H nepBHH, Bpa3pe3 C ripaBOCJiaBHOH IlepKOBbK), BBeJI nOpHflOK MOJteHHH B COSpaHHHX H oSpHflHOCTH B SpaKOCOieTaHHH H norpe6eHHH. flor-Mbi, nopnflOK H O 6 P H J J ; H O C T B y M e c T H t a RO Tex nop, n o K a O H H He npeBpaTHTCH B 3acTUBiiiHe florMbi H He nocny:KaT n p n -^ I H H O H pa3Jj;ejieHHH Meacny BepyrouiHMH J I J O H B M H . CyxopeB npeflCTaBJ iHeT IloSHpoxHHa KaK „ n e p B b i M B H C T O P H H ri,yxo6op^ecTBa, c^HTaromHMcsi O C H O B H B I M 3aKOHonojioxHHKOM B pa3-B H T H H jayxo6op^ecKoro y y e H H H " . Ero yMeHne T O B O P H T B n p o c T o , AOCTynHO H noHHTHO noMoraJTH ero nponoBeflH. H H C J I O nocJieflOBa-Tejief i H O B O T O yueHHH B03pacTaJio. Hapofl n\neHeHHbiH yqeHHeM no6Hpo-x H H a , Ha3UBaji ero npopoKOM H KopMHJibueM, nHTaioiUHH ero flyxoBHoio HccjieflOBaTeJiio c O T K P H T O H nyiuoH, jjpyKecKH pacnoJTOJKeHHOMy K HyXOSop^ieCKOMy HCTOpH^eCKOMy ,E(BH>KeHHIO , B C e T a K H n p H X O J J H T C H 3aMeTHTt HecorjiacoBaHHOCTb Me»jj;y ;qyxo6op*iecKHMH pyKOBOflHTe-J T H M H H H X nocjieflOBaTejiHMH,—H 3 T O xapaKTepH3yeT Bee ceKTaHCKoe ABHJKeHHe. Yinep6 He B T O M , * I T O ceKTaHTbi H M e w T pa3Htae B3rjrH,nbi, — cpaBHHBaTB H M e H H T b C H B3rjTHflaMH n o j i e 3 H o~-HO yiqepS B T O M , * I T O B3rjiHflbi, p a 3 H o r j i a c H H , H CHMBOJibi B e p b i , OTpasaroiUHecH B BJiacTOJiKi6HH pyKOBOflHTeJieH H noflflep^KHBaeMHe H X nocjieflOBaTejiHMH, 3aCTbIBaK)T H CTaHOBHTCH flOTMaMH H pa3flejTHK)T C e K T a H T O B ~ B TOM ^HCJie H flyxo6opu;eB, HanpnMep: pacKOJi Mexfly I I O B H P O X H H H I M H YKJieHHUM H H X nocjieflOBaTejiHMH. CeMeH MaTBeeBHi YKjieHH 6bui H3 BopHCorjie6cKoro ye3,na TaM6oBCKOH ry6epHHH, F I O P T H O H no peMecjiy. BcTpeTHBuiHCb c IloBHpoxHHHM, y^eHHe KOToporo cHJibHO noflomno K ero B3rjiHjaaM, YKjieHH coiuejiCH c H U M , noceJiHJicH B T O M »e cejie ropeJioM, x'eHHJicH Ha HO^iepH IIOSHpOXHHa, CTaJl FIOMOIUHHKOM TeCTH B X03HHCTBeHHbIX BeJiax H nponoBe«HHKOM flyxoBHoro XpncraaHCTBa. O H 6H I J I 3HaTOKOM CBHmeHHoro nHcaHHH. CnycTJi I T H T B jieT nocxre npeSuBaHHH YKJieHHa B ceJie TopeJioM, Mex^y TecTeM H 3HTeM Ha^aJiHCb pa3HorjiacHH , H B nocJieflCTBHH n p H B e j i H K n e p B O M y pacKOJiy n y x o 6 o p u e B . IlpH^HHa pacKOJia: I I O S H P O X H H , Ha O C H O B S H H H C J I O B IlpopoKa HepeMHH r j i . 31, C T . 33: „ n o c J i e Tex flHeH, r o B o p u T r o c n o f l i : BJioxy 3aKOH M O H B O B H y T p e H H O c T b H X H Ha cepxmax H X H a n H U i y ero, H H 6y,uy H M EoroM, a O H H 6y/j,yT M O H M H a p o f l O M " , flOKa3HBaeT, I T O 3 3 K O H HariHcaHHbiH B cepflue ^ejiOBena Bbime 3aKOHa HanncaHHoro Ha 10 S y M a r e . BaacHO saMeraTb, * I T O I I O 6 H P O X H H He OTBepraJi CBHmeHHoe nncaHne „ HanncaHHoe Haj6yMare" n o CBoeMy coSciBeHHOMy T O J I K O -B E H H K ) , HO C^IHTaJI , 1TO CB060Jj ;HOe T O J I K O B a f f f l e C B . I IHCaHHfl , 6 e 3 npocBemeHHbix flyxoM C B H T B I M TOJiKOBaTeJien , MoaceT T O J I B K O o c T a H o -B H T B C H H a I IHCBMeHHOM 3aKOHe HJIH H3BpaTHTb H C T H H H O e y ^ i e H H e H fleftcTBHe C B H T o r o flyxa *iepe3 cep,nij,e ^ejioBeKa. yKJieHH, B C B O K ) o^iepeflB, He OTBepraJi cymHOCTB C B H T O T O flyxa, H O y T B e p a c n a j i , I T O I I O M H M O BHyTpeHHero 3 a K O H a , H e o 6 x o n H M O B O C n p H H H T B H 3 3 K O H H a n H C a H H U H , COCTaBJIHIOmHH CBHIIjeHHOe I l H C a H H e . O H flOKa3UBaji TaKace, I T O O C H O B B I B a n c B Ha fleflCTBHH C B H T O T O flyxa * i e p e 3 c e p f l u e -qeJiOBeKa, He H a x o f l H nojrTBepacfleHHH T a K O B O M y n e n -C T B H K ) flyxa C B H T O T O B C B a m e H H O M n n c a H H H , M O X C H O TaK»ce 3a6jiyjj;HTBCfl:. P a 3 H H D ; a Meacny I I o S H p o x H H b i M H V K j i e H H U M C B O H H T C H K TOMy: IIo6HpoxHHf He O T B e p r a n C B H i n e H H o r o nncaHHH HacTaHBaeT Ha neftcT-B H H n o 3aKOHy C B H T O T O flyxa, B T O ace BpeMH^ Korjj ;a VKJieHH, He O T B e p r a n C B H T O T O flyxa H a c T a H B a e T Ha fleflcTBHH n o 3 a K O H y CBHmeH-Horo nHcaHHH. B O T S T H , S V H T O npoTHBonojioacHue B3rjiH,n;u, cTajiH npH^iHHOH nyxoSop ^ i e c K o r o pacKOJia, He T O J I B K O B E K a T e p H H o c j i a B C K O f t H T O 6 O J I B C K O H ry6epHHHX, H O H flajiBiue 3a H X npenejiaMH. 0 6 a B3r.jiHffa coflepacajiH B c e 6 e HCTHHy. C o B c e M He 6B I J I O c e p B e 3 H O H npH^iHHbi K pacKOJiy. H e s 6 b i J i o c e p B e 3 H O H n p n ^ H H U npeBpaiqaTB C B O H jiH^HHe B3rJiH,nBi B florMaTH^ecKoe S o r o c j i O B H e . OflHH H3 coBpeMeHHbix HyxoSop^ecKHX nncaTejieH nnmeT: no6HpoxHH c f l e j i a j i 3 H a^iH T e J I B H U H BKJian B M H P O B O 3 3peHHe 3Toro [jayxoSop^iecKoro] Hapona. I I P H H H B Bepy B O BHyTpeH— Hee npocBemeHHe O T E o r a - C j i O B a , o6HTaiomero B nynie Kaacjaoro ^ e j i O B e K a , 3 a HCXoxjHbiH n y H K T p a 3 y M e H H H nen B e p b i H CJTOBa E O J K H H , no6HpoxHH oTBepraji E H S J I H K ) , KaK Henorpe-uuHMoe C J I O B O Borne H Ha3Ban ee XjionoTHHueio [no cno-Bapw, nXjionoTyHBeH" ] . (MajiOB, flyxo6opiJ,bi, C T P . 16.) Ho T y T n p e f l C T O H T Bonpoc: M T O oTBepraJi no6HpoxHH, — „ B C I O E H S J I H K D " H J I H norpeuiHMbie cJiOBa B E H S J I H H ? K a K ate MosceT ] I O 6 H P O X H H o T B e p -raTB EH6J I H K> (Bee CBHineHHoe nncaHHe?) H B T O »e caMoe BpeMa CTaBHTB C B O K ) Bepy H a „ B H y T p e H H e M npocBemeHHH" O T „Bora-CJioBa", TepMHHa HcxoflHiuero H3 6 H 6 J I H H C K O H HariHcaHHOH cjioBecHOCTH, flejiaHCb OCHOBOH „CB060flH0r0 TOJIKOBaHHH" IIo6HpoxHHa H . . H O C J I O B -HOrO TOJIKOBaHHH" YKJieHHa, n p H T O M , 3Ta OCHOBa TOJIKOBaHHH c TepMHHOM „Eora-CJiOBa" H J I H „CJiOBa-Bora" HanncaHa B riepBOH rJiaBe EBaHrejiHH O T HoaHHa: B Ha^iaJie 6biJio C J I O B O , H C J I O B O 6 H J I O y Bora, H C J I O B O 6buio Bor. O H O 6bijio B Ha^aJie y Bora. Bee * i e p e 3 Hero Ha^iaJio 6biTB H 6 e 3 Hero H H ^ T O H e Ha*iajio 6E > I T B , I T O H a ^ a j i o 6biTB . . . H C J I O B O C T a j i o I I J I O T H K ) H o S H T a j i o c H a M H , n o j i H o e 6 j i a r o j j ; a T H H H C T H H H ; H M B I BHjj ;ejiH c j i a B y Ero, CJiaBy KaK EflHHopoflHoro O T OTu;a ( C T H X H 1, 2, 3 H 14) . HeCOMHeHHO IIoSHpOXHH H Y K J i e H H 6bIJIH XOpOUIO 3 H aKOMbl C 3THM $HJIO~ C O $ C K H M TepMHHOM „Eora-CJioBa" B EBaHrejiHH, H O B O 3 M O X H O , I T O H H T O T H H jxpyrofi He M O T jjaTB o HeM c o B e p m e H H O onpe«eJieHHoro n O H H T H H . M O X H O BnoJiHe corjiacHTbcn , * I T O He see CJiOBa B E H 6 J I H H M O X H O npHHHTB 3a HenorpeuiHMbie CJiOBa E O J K H H , H ecjin YKJieHH T a K y^HJi H BepoBaji T O O H HaBepHO BepoBajj . . n o r p e w H M o " . H HaoSopoT, ecjin I I O 6 H P O X H H y^JHJi H BepoBaji, I T O B E H 6 J I H H H e T H H onHoro HenorpeuiHMoro CJiOBa E O X H H , H noTOMy E H 6 J I H H nojxne>KHT O T B e p x e H H i o , KaK S T O 3aBepHJi n. H. MajiOB, T O O H TO)Ke omnbajicH. *1TO ecTB 12 norpeuiHMoro B cuoBax: „ B O 3 J I I O 6 H Tocnofla Bora TBoero BceM c e p j j ; -u;eM T B O H M , H Bceio jaymoio TBoeio, H B C S M pa3yMeHHeM T B O H M " H „ B O 3 J I K I 6 H 6JiH»cHero T B o e r o , KaK c a M o r o ce6H"? MHHMbie B3rJ[5iflbi BJTHHTeJIBHblX pyKOBOflHTeJieH 3aCTbIBSK)T B flOrMbl RJIH HX nocneflOB a-Tej i e n , a norMaTH3M qacTo npon3BOflHT pacKOJi H pa3nejieHHe. noenpoxHH CKop6eji o noJiy^HBiiieMCH.^paeKOce/- H O-HaflenjicH, * I T O jj;yxo6op^:ecKoe y^ieHHe pacnpocTpaHHTOH 3a npenejibi EKaTepn-HOCJiaBCKOft H T O M S O B C K O H ry6epHHH. B 3 T O H uaaenKRe O H He O U I H 6 C H H BCKope ero nponoBeflH npHHecjiH ycnex. Ho KaK nocJie/JiOBaTejTB-H O C T B 3Toro ycnexa, B TaMSoBCKOH rySepHHH nyxo6opu;H noTepneJTH B C H K H e npecjieflOBaHHH co C T O P O H B I npaBOCJiaBHoro flyxoBeHCTBa. riocne B C H K H X HecnpaBeflJiHBbix Ha H H X B O H O C O B , BKjno^aH O S B H H S H H H B rpaeexax H pa36oHHH*iecTBe, MHorae H3 nepenoBbix nyxoCopueB 6 B I J I H npenaHbi cyny H cocjiaHbi c fleTBMH B C H 6 H P B Ha nocejieHHe. YMecTHo 6yneT 3flecb 3aMeTHTB, I T O 3 T H npecnenoBaHHH H roHeHHH npoTHB jj;yxo6opu,eB H j j p y rnx C 6 K T 3 H T O B 6 H U T H nponoJiaceHHeM B nyxe 3aKOHa I l eTpa BejiHKoro npoTHB B c e x oTCTynHHKOB O T I lpaBocj iaBHH. no 3TOMy 3aKOHy, nocJieflOBaTeJiH B C H K O T O pacKOJia noflBeprajiHCB, ^cepe3 nocpeflCTBO BJiacTen nyxoBeHCTBa, nonpocaM H yBemeBaHHHM, a HenoKopHBniHXCH HaKa3biBaJiH, KHyTaMH, nneTBMH, OT6npaHHeM HMymecTBa H ccbiJiKaMH B C H 6 H P & H B flpyrne M e c T a . no6npoxHH , B CBoe BpeMH, HecMOTpn Ha yrHeieHHH, o6emajr C B O H M nocJienoBaTeJiHM npopo^ecKoe ocBo6oacjj;eHHe, T O B O P H : Torna B03BpaTHT TocnoflB O T njieHeHHH JiiOfleH C B O H X , H 6 O rocnoflB co6epeT pacceHHHbix H3paHJieB no eflHHOMy K eflHHOMy. Bu no3HaeTe H y B H H H T e CHJiy rocnonHioio, noMHHHTe npaBflOio Kaxcflyw acepTBy. (Cyx. H C T . flyx., C T p . 32.) 1 3 3TO MCOKHO npHHHTB 3a LT06HPOXHHCKHH CnOC06 CBOdOflHOrO TOJIKOBa-H H H E H S J I H H , n p H M e H H f l eBpeftcKHH Hciopn3M K flyxo6optiecKOMy. Ho He npHinjiocB no6HpoxHH.y flOKflaTBCH HcnoJiHeHHH CBoero npopo^iecTBa, TaK KaK, B .caMOM KOHue 1 8 - r o cToneTHH, O H 6B I J I ocyxcfleH 3a pacnpocTpaHeHne CBoeft ,qyxo6op^ecKOH Bepu H 6bin cocJiaH c C B O H M ceMeficTBOM B C H 6 H P B , rfle BCKope nocjie 3Toro O H yMep. Ho ero npopo^ecTBO C 6 B I J I O C B , Korfla B Ha^aJie 1 9 - r o BeKa, Ha npecTOJi PyccKoro rocyflapcTBa BCTynmi AjieKcaHflp 1 - H , K O T O -pblH.? 3a ero CHHCXOflHTeJIBHOCTB K flyX060pU.aM, H M H 6bIJI H 3 3 B aH „BjiaxceHHBiM". noTOMy, flyxoSopoBi, B O H M H C B O H X flyxoBHbix y6exc-fleHHH, nOCMeJIH B O C C T a T b n p O T H B UapCKOH B J i a C T H , X t e C T O K O rOHHMbl eK), BC6T3KH flOnyCTHJIH B H3JIOXCHHH C B O e H Bepfal , M O J T H T B e H H O e B b i p O -sceHHe: „ M O J I H M C H O ce6e, TaKxce H O 6xiaroBepHOM u,ape, H 6 O O H cBfaime HMeeT flap Be^iHoro dJ iaxceHCTBa". 3 T O BupaaceHHe 6 U J I O nony-meHo BBHfly cHHcxoflHiejibHocTH AJieKcaHflpa 1 - r o K nyxoSopuaM, H B TaKOM OCMblCJieHHH paCITOJIOJKeHHH TOCyflapH K H H M , OHH OCMeJIKJIHCB npocHTB 3amHTy H pa3pemeHne nocejiHTBcn H M r?jj;e-HH6yflB B C G M C B O H M oSmecTBOM, m e 6BI O H H MorjiH cjiyxcHTB Bory, He Hapyman coBecTH OKpyxcaiomero npaBoonaBHoro HacejieHHH H roBopn B cBoeM npouieHHH, * I T O : „HaM HeT cpeflCTBa X C H T B Meacfly flyxoBeHCTBOM H M H p C K H M H JlKJflBMH " . AjieKcaHflp 1 - H c caMoro Ha^axra CBoero uapcTBOBaHHH o6pa-THJT B HHMaHHe H a THXCeJIOe H C T p a f l H O e nOJTOJKeHHe C e K T a H T O B , K O T O -poe O H H TepneJiH O T B C H K H X npHTH3aHHfi flyxoBeHCTBa H npaBHTeJiB-C T B e H H O f t BJiacTH. Korfla AjieKcaHflp y3Haji „o Bcex 3 B e p c T B a x , 14 ^ H H H M B I X Han ceKTaHTaMH", O H cBoepy^Ho H3,niaji cJieflyiomHH, noHnn-caHHbiH H M , pecKpHnT : npocBemeHHOMy J I H npaBHTeJiBCTBy xpncTHaHCKOMy npn-jiH^iecTByeT 3a6jiyjjpiHX B03BpamaTB B Heapa n e p K B H xcecTO-KHMH, CypOBblMH CpeflCTBaMH, HCTH3aHHHMH, CCUflKaMH H TOMy noflo6HbiM? YieHHe CnacHTejin Mnpa, npHiiiefluiero Ha 3eMjiio B3bicKaTB H cnacTH norH6aiomero, He MoxceT BHymaeMO 6bITB HaCHJIHeM H K33HHMH , He MOXCeT CJiyjKHTB K nOTHdeJIH cnacagMoro, Koero HMewT oSpaTHTB Ha n y T B H C T H H H . HcTHHHan Bepa nopoxcHaeTCH 6jiaronaTBio rocnoflHeio ^epe3 ySeacfleHHe, noy^eHHeM, K P O T O C T B I O , ,n;o6pbiMH npHMepaMH. ^KecTOKOCTB a c e He y6exc,naeT, H O na^e oxcecTo^aeT. Bee M e p u cTporocTH, HCTomeHHbie Han Byxo6opu,aMH B nponoji-xeHHH TpHflitaTH JieT RO 1801 r . He T O J I B K O He HCTpe6HJiH cen ceKTBi, H O na^ie H na^e n p n y M H o a c H J i H ^ H C J I O nocjieno-BaTeJiefi en. (CyxopeB, „ H C T O P H H flyxoSopneB", c T p . 46-47 .) 3.aflaaa pflecB He B nepecejieH'kk Hyxo6opueB a i . O K & 3 C I H H H H M cnpaBeflJiHBocTH Ha^iaJiBCTBOM H OKpyacaiomHMH H X coceflHMH. Bee 3 T H o6cT©HTejiBCTBa noKa3biBaioT J J O B O J I B H O H C H O , * I T O He o nepece-jieHHH PBnepBHe'' AjieKcaHflp noMbnujiHJi, a 06 orpa»cfleHHH H X caMHX OT BCeX H3JIHIUHHX npHTH-3aHHH, Tfle 6H OHH HH 6HJTH , 3a H X pa3HO~ MbicjiHe B jjejie cnaceHHH H coBecTH. AjieKcaHflp noHCHaeT jjajTBiue: IlepecejieHHeM laKOBUM cyjj;B6a H X O T H T O T H T B C H CHOBa, H O H H HaKa3aHu y»ce 6y,nyT no oflHOMy noHocy, 6e:3 Hccjie-, I IOBaHHfl H C T H H H o6BHHeHHH H flOKa3aTejiBCTBa. EJiaro-ycTpoeHHoe npaBHTejiBCTBO, H H B KaKOM cjiy^ae H H H c KeM TaK He nocTynaeT H nepKOBE npaBocjiaBHan, C K O J I B He scejiajia 6BI o6paTHTB C H X OTnaniiiHX O T Hen VLan K ce6e, MO»CeT JIH OflOdpHTB Mepfal rOHeHHH, CTOJIBKO npOTHB Hbie jj;yxy r j i a B H H X , XpncTa CnacHTejin, ocTaBHBiuero nocjie-HOBaTHJiHM C B O H M CHe flOCTonaMHTHoe H3pe^ieHHe: „AiqE Bbl EblCTE BEflAJIH, <1T0 MHJIOCTH XOlHy, A HE JKEPTBbI, HHKOJIH-»E YBO BblCTE OCyJKflAJIH HEnOBHHHblX". [B coBpeMeHHOM nepeBOfle: „ E C J I H 6 H B U 3HaJiH, * I T O 3Ha^iHT: M H J I O C T H xo^y, a He acepTBH, T O He ocynnjiH 6BI HeBHHHbix". ] ( E B . O T MaT$efl r j i . 12, C T . 7; O C H H 6:6) (TaM »ce) TaK KaK H O B O P O C C H H C K H M H flyxoSopijaMH y x c e 6HJia npocB6a noflaHa Ha pa3peiueHHe H M noceJiHTBCH o T He J I B H B I M odmecTBOM, O T rocyflapn AJieKcaHJxpa nocJienoBaJi npHKa3 Ha H M H ry6epHaTopa MHKJianieBCKoro: B H H B nponieHHio O T HyxoSopiieB , B ; CnoSoflCKO-yKpaHH-C K O H rySepHHH o6HTaioinHX, H n o j i y ^ H B TaKOBbie ate O T HeKOTopux H3 H H X , B ry6epHHH BaM BBepeHHOH XHBymHX, no COeflHHeHHH H X B OHHO MeCTO H BOflBOpeHHH CKOJIBKO M O X H O OTflejiBHo O T npo^nx, H npH3Haji 3a 6Jiaro, C K O J I B K O no yBaaceHHW npeTepneHHoro C H M H J I K U U B M H pasopeHHH, CTOJiBKO H no TOMy npeflJioxeHHK), I T O TaKOBoe OTflejieHHe c^iHTaio H HaflJiexamHM cpeHCTBOM. K norameHHio H X epecn H npece^eHHB, B J I H H H H H Ha npyrnx, nepeceJiHTB H X B HoBopoccHHCKyio ry6epHHio B MapnynoJiBCKHH ye3H Ha O S H J T B H B I X nojiHX, 6e3KaiHHX no Te^ieHHio peKH M O J I O ^ I H O H . K npon3BefleHHW cero HaMepeHHH B n e H C T B H e , noBepnio BaMi: z • nepBoe, H36paB HaneacHoro SJiaroHpaBHoro H C K P O M H H X npaBHJi ^ejioBeKa, O 6 I > H B H T B *iepe3 Hero JJ,yxo6opiiaM, B O BBepeHHOH BaM rySepHHH scHBymHM, I T O C H H C X O A H Ha npo-meHHe H X H acejian B pa3opeHHOM H X C O C T O H H H H HaTB Hyxt-HyK) noMoniB, COH3BOJTHK) H nepeceJiHTB H X Ha BbHiie-03Ha-leHHoe MecTo. BTopoe, * I T O M e c T o cne CBepx njionoporiiHoro CBoero noJio»eHHH, npejj;cTaBJiHeT H M H Ty Bbirony, I T O 6y,n,yT O H H EoeflHHeHbi H pacnoJioaceHbi no crcoSoflaM c flyxoSop-uaMH B CjioSoflCKO-yKpaHHCKOH rySepHHH, H . BMeCTe c TeM, co Bcex C T O P O H 6yjj;yT oT«ejieHH O T cocencTBa H M npHTecHHTejiBHoro. TpeTBe, n o Ha Kaacflyw nepecejiKBWyiocH nyiuy H a 3 H a -^ieHO 6yjj;eT no 15 flecflTHH 3eMJiH. ^leTBepToe, Ha nHTB JieT, ciHTaa c Tenywero HbiHe rojJia, ocBoSoxflaioTCK O H H O T Bcex rocyflapcTBeHHHix xJuanoHaTeH. riHToe, npn ceM nepecejieHHH Ha noaieM BbiflaHo H M 6y.neT H3 Ka3HU no C T O py6JieK H a K a a c f l o e ceMeftcTBO--B 3 a H M 0 0 6 p a 3 H 0 . ItiecToe, B B 0 3 B p a T e fleHer C H X B Ka3Hy flaeTcn necaTb JieT JIBrOTfal, CHHTaa CO BpeMeHH H X BOflBOpeHHH . CeflBMoe, no HGTe^eHHH S T H X jiBroTHbix jieT, B3bicKaHHe c H H X cen cyMMbi p a c n o J i o ^ H T C K Ha flBaflitaTB JieT T a K , U T O Kaxcfloe ceMef icTBO He 6oJiee I I H T H py6jieH ynxta^HBaTB 6yfleT. ( H C T . flyx., Cyx. CTp. 3 8 -16 flyXOEOPIIbl HA MOJIOqHblX BOflAX 1800-1840 rOflbl. nepeceJieHHe Ha Mojio<iHbie Bo/obi npoflojracajiocb ao 1816 roaa. B 1805 rofly nepecejiHJiHCB flyxoeopabi H3 pa3Hbix ry6epHHH H BMecTe c H H M H CaBejiHil KanycTHH, TaKJKe C K H ero BacnjiHH f K O T O P B I H B O C -nHTbiBaxicH y HnKH$opa KajiMHKOBa, noTOMy H H a 3 B i B a j r c H B H C T O P H H KaJiMbiKOB. riepeceJTHHCB c pa3Hbix MecT G G B I J I O K , Hyxo6opiiBi 6 B I J I H RO K p a i l H O C T H pa3opeHbi. TaKoe n o x i o x c e H H e 3acTaBHJio H X o6Be,n;H-H H T B C H H C006ma 06pa6aTbIB aTB 3 e M J I H H ITpHOSpeTaTB Heo6XOflHMbie H H C T p y M e H T B I H CTpOHTBCH. C nOMOIUBK) 24 CTapH^IKOB , npencTaBH-Tejien O T ceji, CaBeJiHH KanycTHH B 0 3 r J i a B J i H J i H peniaji Bee nejia oSiflHHbi. flyxo6opueB oSteflHHHJia He T O J I B K O H X Bepa H O H H X S K O H O M H i e C K a H HeoSXOflHMOCTB. CaBejiHH KanycTHH 3aHHMaJi no^eTHoe MecTo H noji&30BajicH yBaxeHHeM KaK pyKOBOHHTejiB oSmHHbi „ M O J I O * I H H X B O H " . O H P O H H J I C H B 1743 rofly. B^18^3^ rojjy, I I O M H M O cBoeft B O J I H 6 H J I oTflaH Ha BoeHHyw cjiyx6y, 3acxiyxHJT I H H yHTep-ocfnijepa, B03BpaTHJicH co CJiyacSbi B 1790 roHy, H B T O M ace rony sceHHJicH. flyxoSopubi Ha3H-BawT ero nyxoB H H M C H H O M IIobHpoxHHa O T K O T O P O T O O H I T P H H H J I y^eHne jj;yxo6op^ecTBa. Ho O H Mor 6 H T B H ero C B I H O M , TaK KaK B T O BpeMH f ruin C K P B I T H H xteTen MyjKCKoro nojia O T BoeHHOH cjiyxeH, oTflaBaJiH H X Ha BocnHTaHne poncTBeHHHKaM H J I H 6e3Jj;eTHbiM J I K U T H M H 3a^HCJIHJIH B CeMBH TaKOBBIX. no B03BpameHHH co cjiyacSbi no6npoxHH. noceJiHJicn B cejie TopeJioM B TaMdOBCKOH ry6epHHH H npHHHJicn nponoBeflOBa .TB H j j e n jxyxoSop^ i e c T B a. y Hero 6biJia 3aMe^aTeJiBHan naMHTB, TaK I T O , 17 no cBH^eTejibCTBy nyxoSopueB H no nHcaHHio OpecTa HoBHUKoro, O H SyflTO „3HaJT H 3 H 3 y C T b BCK) 6 H 6 J 1H K ) H nOMHHJI Bee, ^iTO ^HTa/I c BooflyuieBJieHHeM, KOTopoe no6e»cflajto B C H K O T O K T O BHjJieji H cnbiinaji e r o " ( H C T O P H H flyxo6opiJ,eB, B. A. CyxopeBa, C T P . 4 1 ) . B cene TepneHHe HaxoflHJiocb BonocTHoe ynpaBJieHne H 0 6 -mecTBeHHbiH „ C H P O T C K H H H O M " , rjje H noMeiqajrcn CaBeJiHH KanycraH. n. H. MajiOB onHCHBaeT S T O T T J , O M : KanycTHH 6 b i J i nepBbiK ocHOBaTenb 3 H a M e H H T O r o nyxo-Sop^ecKoro yype )Kj j ;eHHH , „CHpoTCKoro floMa" . 3 T O y^pe-stfleHHe ecTB CBoero pofla oSmecTBeHHaa xacca H J T H Bcno-MoraTejiBHhiH (JjoH/a, C O C T O 3 I I I H H KaK H3 HajiH-qHoro KannTajia, a TaKxe H3 pa3Horo x o 3 H H C T B a H HMymecTBa. npn C H P O T -C K O M jj;oMe ecTB 6ojiBii]He CTa.n;a flOManiHero CKora, aMSapbi c 3epHOM, 3eMejibHbie Hanejm H B C H K O T O pofla HMymecTBa. BecB KanHTaji H HMyinecTBO CupoTCKoro «OMa c o 6 H p a e T C H H3 « 0 6 p O B O J I B H H X IIOJKGPTBOB 3HHH CaMHX flyX06opLl,eB H CJiy-xcaT H C T O ^ H H K O M noco6HH B O B c e x Hec^acTHHx c j i y i a a x , KaK najaexc CKOia, noxcapbi H s o o 6 i n e B O B C H K H X Hyxc,nax H CJiyyanx. TaM »ce HaxoflHTCH npH6e»Hine H nomnnu 3a cnpoTaMH, BflosaMH H CTapHKaMH, H e HMeioiiiHe C B o e r o yrvna H He cnoco6Hbie H O 6 H B a T B c e 6 e cyinecTBOBaHne. C H P O T C K H H BOM H B e e ^ ; T O npn HeM, CTOTaeTCH o S i n e C T B C H H U M H Haxo-B H T C H nofl ynpaBJieHneM H pacnopHKeHHeM ,n.yxo6op*iecKoro pyKOBOflHTejiH. C H P O T C K H H J J ; O M TaK«e ecTb rjiaBHan pe3H-fleHqHa pyKOBO.nHTe.neH H H X ceMeftcTB, a TaKxce u,eHTp Bcex nyxoBHbix H MaTepnaiibHbix C O K P O B H I H . ( „ f l y x o 6 o p u b i " , C T P . 23) Bo r j i a B e 2 4 npencTaBHTeJiefi, KanycTHH pyKOBOflHJi o 6 m e c T -BeHHblMH HeJTaMH fleBHTH CCneHHH: nHTH Ha MOJTO'qHOH p e K e BKJIIO^aH Borji,aHOBKy, CnaccKoe, TponuKoe, TepneHHe, H T a M 6 o B K y , a TieTBipex npn JiHMaHe T O H ace peKH: BKjno^aH PaflHOHOBKy, E$ p e M O B K y , Tope/ioe H KHpHJioBKy. Ba>KHbie H O B a T o p c T B a KanycTHHa C O C T O H J I H B T O M , ^ I T O O H , B xo3HHCTBeHHOM O T H o u i e H H H , B B e j i O 6 I H H O C T B HMymecTBa: nojiH o 6 p a 6 a -TbiBanHCb c o o 6 m a , a KaTBy xtejinxiH nopoBHy. YcTpoeHbi 6 b i x i H 1 8 3anacHbie Mara3HHbi xjieSa, Ha cjiy^af i rojiona. TydepHaTop K O X O B C K H H B CBoeM flOHeceHHH reHepajiy BH3eM CKOMy 3aHBJiHJi, H T O cyxoSopubi BejiH X C H 3 H B npHinepHO, Y K J I O H H J I H C B O T nbHHCTBa H npa3Jj;HOCTH. O H H HeycbiriHo neKJiHCB o CBoeM H O M O cTpoHTejiBCTBe H D H J I H SJiaroHpaBHbi, H HcnpaBHo njiaTHJiH rocynap CTBeHHbie noflaTH H BbinojiHHJiH flpyrne oSmecTBeHHbie I I O B H H H O C T H . O H H HeT-TepnsraH JieHocTB H I I B H H C T B O H 3apa»ceHHHx S T H M H n o p o K S M H O H H HCKJiio^ajiH H3 CBoero oSmecTBajj) ( C M . CyxopeBa: H O T . flyx., C T P . 4 1 . ) Flo 33BHCTH npaBOCJiaBHOTO CBflmeHCTBa, SblJTH 3aroBopH, ^To6bi HapyuiHTB cBoSony flyxoSopueB Ha M O J I O ^ H B I X Bonax.;. c HaMe-peHHeM BbicjiaTB H X B OTflajieHHbie MecTa HMnepHH. Ha ,n;yxo6opii.eB pacnpocTpaHHJiHCB BCHKHe HecnpaBeflJiHBbie H O H O C B I , noSyayjaioiirHe HaMaJiBCTBO, 6e3 B C H K O T O paccjieflOBaHHH H c y n e 6 H o r o npouecca, CCblJiaTB HJIH 3aKJIK)^aTB B TKipbMbl HeBHHHblX flyX060piJ,eB B MeJIHTO" noJiBCKOM ye3fle. no6ynHTeJiBHaH npn^HHa: .neHCTBHe no flOHocaM 6e3 paccjieflOBaHHH: B 1 8 1 6 rojj;y XepcoHCKHH BoeHHbiH rySepHaTop Tpa$ JlaHSCepOH flOHOCHJI MHHHCTpy nOJTHUHH, ^ I T O o6i3e3»<aH npoBHHUHH eMy BBepeHHbie, O H B ropone OpexoBe, TaBpH^jecKOH ry6epHHH, 6 H J I yBeflOMJieH, I T O MexiHTO-nojiBCKHe flyxoSopnbi, He nepecTaBan cjieHOBaTB CBoefi ceKTe, cTapawTCH erne coBpaTHTB B Hee C B O H X eocenes, P O C C H H C K O H nopoflbi, nocejiHH acHByiUHX B T O M ace ye3fle, KOTopbie npn jjonpoce H X noKa3ajin, * I T O HacTaBHHK H X , HeKTo OTCTaBHOH Kanpaji [CHJiyaH] KanycTHH. HbiHe Kanpaji KaijyGT.HH B B H T non OTpaacy; H O KaK OSblKHOBeHHO TaKHe JHOflH C^IHTaiOT XpHCTHaH CBOHMH roHHTeJTHMH, T O O H , ry6epHaTop, nojraraji nepecejiHTB 6 H B c e x flyxoSopneB B c o c e f l C T B O c T a Tapa M H , H J T H HpyrHMH KaKoro J T H S O HcnoBenaHHS KOJiOHHCTaMH, T O J I B K O He pyccKoro npoHCXoxc.ii.eHHH. ° ( C M . CyxopeBa: H O T . flyx., C T P . 4 3 . 19 noone tuecTHMecH^Horo TiopeMHoro 3aKJiKmeHHH, ojj;epxcHMbiH uiecTHMSCfl^HOH 6ojTe3Hbio, 73-x-jieTHHH CTapeu, CaBeJiHH KanycTHH 6bui npejj;cTaBJieH B c y f l , K O T O P B I H Tpe6oBan, ^ T O 6 U O H co3Ha.ncfl: B coBpaineHHH xpHCTHaH H p a c n p o c T p a H eH H H jj;yxo6opMecKOH ceKTbi. Ha 3TO O H oTBeiaji: M IIOKa)KHTe , Koro HMeHHO H coBpaTHJi?" Cyp, Tpe6oBaji, •qToSbi KanycTHH co3Ha.ncH B T O M , B ^eM O H 6biji Heno-BHHeH, HO BHJJ[H HenOKOJTe6HMOCTb erO, OH 6bIJl CHOBa OTBefleH B TiopeMHoe 3aKJiK'tieHHe. TeM BpeMeHeM, B o e H H B I H rySepHaTop JlaH-xcepoH npoe3»caj[ *iepe3 MejiHTonojiBCKHH ye3jj; H nyxoSopiibi nocMCHH nonpocHTB ero 0 6 ocBo6o»cJ4eHHH KanycTHHa H3 TiopbMb], Ha I T O JlaHxepoM B pa3jj;pas<eHHH B03pa3HJi: „Bbi He 3Haeie Bora H HMnepaTopa. E C J I H 6 H 6bin HMnepaTopoM, T O no6HJi 6u Bcex Bac H3 nyuieK H pyxcefi." npocHTejiH OTBe^ajiH, I T O nOTHTan Bora H HMnepaTopa, flyxoSopubi HcnpaBJiHioT B C H K V I O o6H3aHHocTb, njiaTHT n O f l a T H H B C H K y W n O B H H H O C T B 6e3flOHMOtiHO [T.e., 6e3 H e f l O H M O K ] . Torfla JIaHKepoH O S ' H B H J I H M , ^ T O 6yneT caM B ropofle OpexoBe H flonpocHT KanycTHHa, H ecjin O H He HMeeT 3a CO6OH HHKaKOH B H H b l , T O 6y«eT O C B O f i O K f l e H . flonpocHB KanycTHHa, JIaHxeepoH Ha3Baji ero p a c n p o -CTpaHHTeJieM flyxoSop^ecTBa H npHKa3axi eMy H T T H B cBoe MecTO, T O ecTb B TiopbMy, rne KanycTHH, HMeiomHH O T pojKfleHHH 73 rojj;a, CTpax,n.yi4HH B 6ojie3HHx Haxo-X I H J I C H . ( C M . CyxopeBa: H C T . flyx., C T P . 44-45.) B n p o T H B O f l s f i c T B H H JlaHttcepoHy, jj;yxo6opij;bi, i e p e 3 CaBeJiHH r o H ^ a p o B a H TaBpHHJia CopoKHHa, no.na.nH npouieHne HMnepaTopy AJieKcaHcpy, H 3 j i a r a n TaK: IlpHHHMaeM cMejiocTB npHSerHyTb UOR noKpoB H 3amHTy BceaBrycxeHiuero MoHapxa Hauiero, H K O ^eJTOBeKoJiK)6HBoro OTua. Bo33pii MHJiocepflHbiM O K O M BceMHJTOcepflHeHiuHH HMne-paTop, Ha cyflbSy cTpaxnymnx 6 e 3 B H H H O H co6jraroBOJiH , 20 CHpbiM B HaHOCKMbix O T MecTHoro Ha^iaxiBCTBa H nyxo-BeHCTBa o6H,aax, oicasaTb BbicoKo-MOHapwyio 3amHTy, c HepafleioinHMH »te o SJiare oSmeM nocTyrtHTB KaK Bbico^aHiiie noBeJieBaMT 3aKOHbi. (TaM we, C T P . 4 5.) no noBOfly 3Toro npomeHHH, AJieKcaHflp *iepe3 K O M H T G T MHHHCTepcTB, 1 0 - r o oKT5i6pH 1816 r o r j a , npe;n;nHcaTi BbiTpeSoBaTb O T X e p c o H C K o r o BoeHHoro r y B e p H a T o p a JlaHxepoHa o6i>HCHeHHH, no noBo^y 5Kajio6bi ,n;yxo6opiieB; a MecHU. no3xe, 9 - r o xteKa6pH 1816 r o f l a , nocjiexi;oBajT O C O 6 B I H yKa3 Ha H M H BoeHHoro r y 6 e p H a T o p a JIaHKepoHa, CJierjyioinero c o f l e p x a H H H : H3 flByx npejjcTaBjieHHH BaniHX K ynpaBJiniomeMy M H H H -CTepcTBOM noj iHijHH, K a c a T e j i B H o nocejieHHbix B Mej iHTO-noJiBCKOM ye3ri ,e, TaK Ha3HBaeMbix r±vxo6opij;eB, BHxy H , I T O Bbi HcnpaiuHBaeTe nepecejieHHe H X C HbiHeiuHero MecTo-»HTeJiBCTBa Ha . n p y r o e . K TaKOBOMy npeflCTaBJieHHio noSyacxiaeTecB Bbi flOHeceHHHMH o pa3BpaTHOH 6yf lTO-6bi HX KH3HH, 3JIOBpeAHbIX J 4 J I H 06lHeCTBa npaBHJiaX H >KeJiaHHH paccenBaTB OHbie Mescxty flpyrHMH. BcjiencTBHe c e r o H no norjaHHoH c o C T O P O H B I caMHx flyxo6opu,eB npocbSe o 3auiHTe H X O T npHTecHeHHH, noBejieji yxe K ynpoBJiniomeMy MHHHCTepCTBOM nOJIHUHH CHeCTHCb C B3MH O flOCTaBJieHHH noJ4po6HeHiUHX CBefleHHfl 06 o S c T O H T e j i b C T B a x RO nyxo-6opueB KacaioiUHXCH. (TaM >Ke, C T P . 4 5.) flanbuie Tocynapb Aj ieKcaHflp I HanoMHHaeT r y S e p H a T o p y JlaHxcepoHy, \ I T O .nvxoSopubi TOJibKO ^ T O 6bijiH nepeceJieHbi Ha M O J I O ^ I -Hbie B O J J B I B nepBtax rosax 1 9 - r o CTOJieTHH, nocjie H X pa3opeHHH H HeyMecTHbix, HanpacHbix npHTH3 aHHH c o C T O P O H B I j jfyxoBeHCTBa H Ha^aJIbCTBa Ha yKpaHHCKOH C J I O B O f l C K O H OKpyXHOCTH H Hpyrnx rySepHHHx. CnpaBe,n,JiHBO-JiH H O B T O P H T B S T O CHOBa? TaK O H npofloxDKaeT: npnceM H npH3Haio 3 a HyatHoe oSpaTHTB Bauie BHHMaHHe ocoSeHHHM o 6 p a 3 0 M Ha Ha^ajio H npH^HHy nepecejieHHH c e r o po i ja jnoxtefi H3 CJioeoflCKO-yicpaHHCKOH H n p y r n x r y S e p H H H B MeJiHTonojibcKHH ye3 f l r y 6 e p H H T a B p H ^ i e c K O H Ha MojioMHbie Bofltj. Cne nepecejieHHe H X nocjierjOBaJio (KaK BB I H3 noBejieHHH Moero, jjaHHoe 6uBiueMy r y b e p H a -T o p y MaKjiaweBCKOMy 2 5 - r o HHBapa 1802 r . y s n n e T b 21 M o w e T e ) l a c r a q H O B O yBaaceHHe npeTepneHHoro H M H pa30-peHHH, ^acTHiHO ace B orpaacfleHHe H X O T HeyMecTHbix H HanpacHux npHTH3aHHH B OTHonieHHH K o6pa3y H X MBicJien o peJiHTHH. O H H O T f l e n e H b i yace TaM A O B O J I B H O O T Heno-c p e n c T B e H H o c npo^iHMH acHTeJiHMH c H o u i e H H H , T e M p a c -n p o c T p a H e H H i o cen c e K T b i noJioaceHta npenextH. H a K O H e u ; O H o6pawaeTCH B J I a H a c e p o H y , KaK K O f l H O M y H 3 M H o r n x Ha^ajiBCTByiomHx J I H H , , KOTopoMy HaflJieacaJio H C I T O J I H H T B He TOJiBKo noBejieHHH HMnepaTopa, H O H TaKace, no e r o HMnepaTop-C K O M y BHyilieHHK) 1 p y K O B O f l H T B C H HCTHHHbIM flyXOM X p H C T H a H C T B a , T J T O 6 B I j i y ^ n i e y c n e T B B flocTHaceHHH acej iaeMOH u e j i H : K O J I O H H K ) n o c e j i e H u e B H nopy^iaio oco6oMy H 6 j i H a c a H -uieMy BanieMy Hafl3opy H none^eHHio. He n o j i o r a n c b H H H Ha *ibH flOHeceHHH. Bbi He SCTaBHTe B H H K H y T b caMH 6e3 n p e f l y 6 e a c f l e H H H B O Bee M e c T H H e o 6 c T © H T e j i b C T B a HX, y 3 H a B B T O ^ H O C T H H3 0 6 p a 3 a SCH3HH H nOBefleHHH, B 3 Hp a n Ha H H X O K O M 6 e 3 n p H C T p a c T H o r o none^HTejiBHoro H a ^ a j i B H H K a nmymero nojiB3H, noJib3ta npaBHTejibCTBa B O S j i a r e lacTHOM BBepeHHbix eMy JiioneH. y ^ i a c T B C H X nocejieHu,eB noj iacHa 6biTb ycTpoeHa 6 e 3 o n a c H O . Hajj;o6HO *IT06 OHH MOrJIH IIOMyBCTBOBaTb, *ITO OHH COCTOHT nOfl O'XpaHeHHM H n O K p ©BHTejIBCTBOM 3 3KOHOB ; H T O r f l a TOJIBKO HafleacHee MoacHO oacHjjaTb O T H H X J I K ) 6 B H H npH3HaTejiB-H O C T H K n p a B H T e j i B C T B y H B 3 b i c K a T B H c n o j i H e H H H n o 3 a K O H a M e r o , K O H C T O J I B R-JJK H H X 6 J i a r o T B o p H U . ( T a M ace, C T P . 47.) BaacHO 3 3MeTHTB ryMaHHOCTb H j i H 6 e p a j i H 3 M A j i e K c a H f l p a I , K O T o p b i e O H oKa3biBan c p a B H H T e j i b H O M a j i e H b K O H r p y n n e x j ; y x o 6 o p -w e c K H X p a c K O J i b H H K O B H nau,H<i>HCTOB, Ra eine B TaKne B p e M e H a , KaK BOHHbi c l i l B e u H e H 1808 r . , c OpaHuneH 1812 r . H n o J i H T H ^ i e c K H e xtBHaceHHH, Beflymne K B O o p y a c e H H O M y BoccTaHHio fleKaSpncTOB. A j i e K -caHflp I c o B e T y e T J IaHacepoHy B M e c T O npHTH3aHHH nocjie H e c n p a B e f l -J I H B M X TaHHbix flOHOcoB, y n o T p e S j i H T B y 6 e a c f l e H H e nocjie T O ^ H B I X p a c c j i e f l O B a H H H . no S T O M y O H B b i p a a c a e T C H T a K : ECJIH© OTKpblTO 6bIJIO BaMH He no OflHOMy H3BeTy [ T . e . , H3BemeHHK>] ^ B e M y J I H 6 O , H O flencTBHTejiBHO Ha 22 caMOM flejie, M T O y nocejieHneB C H X yxpuBaioTCH j j e s e p T H p b i , 6 e r j i u e JHORK ,—ecJiH6 H a i n j i o c b H C C O M H S H H O , M T O O H H n o n y -n i a i o T C H OTBJie^B .npyr-HX O T oSmen u e p K B H K CBoeMy o6pa3y MUCJien H peJiHTHH, Torjj ;a o6paman C H J i y 3aKOHa Ha TaKOBbie npoTHB03aKOHHbie n o c T y n K H , HaflJiexcHT I T O J T O K H T B H M n p e -r p a f l y . Ho H Torna H e j i b 3 H flonycTHTb, -qToSbi 3a oflHoro, H J I H HecKOJiBKo B H H O B H H K O B , y j i H M e H H b i x B npeCTynJieHHH , OTBe^iaJio H 6 H J I O HCTH3yeMO Bee o6mecTBO C H X nocejieHueB He yqaCTBOBaBIHHX B O H O M . l l p H flOHOCaX H 0 6 B H H e H H H B n o f l o 6 H b i x cjiyqanx Tpe6yeTCH BHHMaTeJibHbift pa3 6op, O T Koro O H H flOHocu npoHcxof lHT H KaKHe Morj iH 6 U T B no6yflH-TeJibHbie n p H ^ H H b i K OHbiM. TaK H y n o M H H a e M b i e B npeflCTa-B J i e H H H BanieM flBoe H 3 nyxoSopueB , K O H n o o6pameHHH B npaBOCJiaBHOH u e p K B H noKa3ajiH Ha c n e o6mecTBO pa3Hbie n p e c T y n j i e H K H H CBH^eTejibCTBOBaJiH o pa3BpameHHOH X C H 3 H H B O H O M , M O r J I H y M H H H T B C H e no 3Jio6e H J I H MmeHHK), H 6 O j i e r K O MoxceT 6biTb, M T O O H H OTBepr-HyTbi SbiJiH caMH O T oSmecTBa 3a .nypHbie nocTynKH, H J I H O C T 3 B H J I H OHoe H3 ccopbi H J I H B p a s c f l H . O J J H H noKa3aHHH TaKOBbix , eflBa J I H BHHMaHHH 3 aCJiy)KHB aiOIItHX / He flOJDKHbl C J I V J K H T B OCHOBaHHeM K H a p H X C e H H K ) T O T qaC C T p O T H X C J i e f l C T B H H , K C O S H p a H H K ) n o f l CTpascy , saKJiwqeHHio B T I O P B M H H H C T H 3 a H u r o j n o . n e H , H e H3o6jiH-qeHHbix eme H H B KaKOM 3 J T O M y M b i c j i e H J I H n p o c x y n K e . CaMoe H c c j i e f l O B a H n e n o f l 0 3 p e B a e M o r o npecTynxieHHH B O J D K e H -C T B y e T n p O H C X O f l H T b TaKHM 0 6 p a 3 0 M , '^TOSbl HH B KaKOM cjiy^iae HeBHHHbiH He nocTpajiaji O T oHoro. (H3Jio»c. UHTaT H3 H C T . flyx. CyxopeBa, C T P . 47.) IlocJie Bbime H3Jio» : e H H o r o H M n e p a T o p c K o r o y K a 3 a , n o c j i e f l o -BajiH paccjieflOBaHHH H n p o T H B o n o J i o x c H b i e .n.OKJia.nbi. TySepHaTop JlaBHHCKHH, . H O C T O B J I H H COCpaHHbie H M CBeneHHH B M H H H C T e p C T B O BHyTpeHHHX fleji, n o j i a r a j i c CBoeft C T O P O H H H e o S x o f l H M U M ocTaBHTB nocejieHiieB H a n p e x c H e M M e c T e . K a c a T e J i b H O o6pa3a n y x o S o p^ e c K O H XCH3HH, O H C B H f l e T e j I B C T B O B a J l , * I T O O H H TpyjJ|OJIK)6HBbI H He T O J I B K O Boo6me C M H P H H I , noSpu H n o p H H O ^ H b i , H O H He T e p n H T Mexcny C O S O H H H KaKoro nppo^Horo. XepcoHCKHH BoeHHbiH ry6epHaTop JIaH»cepoH 6biJi HenoBOJieH paccJieflOBaHHeM JIaBHHCKoro. O H H a 3 H a ^ H J i cBoe paccjie^OBaHHe H no npH6bITHH B ropofl OpexoB, HJIH C B O H X flOHeCeHHH npoTHB 23 flyxo6opu;eB, M H O T O noJiaraJicn Ha flOHeceHHH B a e B a H E a 3 H J i e B C K o r o , H O B o - o 6 p a m e H H b i x H3 j j ; y x o 6 o p ^ B C T B a B npaBocjiaBHe. 20 HHBapH 1818 r . TaBpH^ecKHft rpaxc,naHCKHH r y G e p H a T o p . J I H T J H O no6HBaji Ha M O J I O M H H X Bcmax, BHHKan nojj ;po6HO B jj;ejra n;yxo-6opn.eB, H noTOM MHHHCTpy BHyTpeHHUx nen. coo6fflHJT cjienyioinee: 1. M e j i H T n o j i B C K H e Hyxo6opu;bi B e n y T c e 6 n K P O T K O H BeCBMa B03J4ep»CeHHO, y HHX C T p O r O B 3 b l C K H B a e T C H c T e x , K O T o p e e BnaaaioT B I I B H H C T B O . HeKOTopbie S B I J I H B c y n a x e j j j H H C T B e H H O no flejiy O T C T y n H H ^ e c T B a O T npaBOcnaBHoft Bepbi . 2. MejiHTnojiBCKHe nocejieHiibi BecBMa Tpyjj;ojiio6HBHi, 3aHHMaK)TCH 06lUHpHbIM 3 eMJief leJ IHeM H H M e B T 6oJiBiuoe C K O T O B O f l C T B O , BblfleJIbIBaiOT . C y K H O , T K y T XOJ1CT , fleJTaiOT K y m a K H H n p y r n e Benin J J ; J I H co6cTBeHHoro y n o T p e 6 j i e H H H . C o f l e p s c a T rpoMaflHbie H x o p o m e r o K a ^ e c T B a K O H C K n e 3aBOflfai . 3. Ha c i e T yKpbiBaTexiBCTBa jj;e3epTHpoB, S B I J I O c j i e f l -CTBne: 6 B I J I H flonpomeHbi 40 ^ei iOBeK nocejieHueB, no no,n;o-3peHHio, T I T O O H H SescajiH O T BoeHHOfi cnyscdbi—no yjiH^ieHHio' [ T . e . H 3 0 6 J i H ^ i e H H K ) ] B a e B a H B a c H J i e B C K o r o - - O K a 3 a j i o c B J I H I U B flBa noBJieacamnx p e K p y T C T B y B 1808 H 1812 r o f l a x . 4. HejiB3H CKa3aTB , T I T O j j ;yxo6opLibi 3aHHMaJiHCB p a c -n p o c T p a H e H H e M o 6 p a 3 a H X M b i c n e n Memny J I I O J J ; B M H j j p y r o r o HcnoBeaaHHH. y H H X KasgibiH T O J J ; Haxo.zi.HTCH J J ; O 60 TjejiOB eK p a S o T H H K O B , H H H K T O He nepeiuexi B H X c e K T y . Cejio H O B O -AJieKcaHHpoBKa HaxoflHTCH cMexcHO H B S@e|iBe@^aHHOMr/i c H o m e H H H c j j ; y x o 6 o p i J , a M H , OHHaKO, H H K T O H3 H a 3 B a H H o r o c e j i a He n e p e u i e j i B jj;yxo6opTiecKyio c e K T y . 5. floHocHTejiH BaeB H BacHJieBCKHH, no eflHHorjiac-II^MT/HOMV-aH©K3.3aHHK) .nVXOSopTJKCKHX CTapH^IKOB , 6bIJIH HCKJTKDTieHbl H3 H X o6mecTBa, nepBbiH 3a yTafiKy xjie6a, a B T O P O H n p o c T O 3a B O P O B C T B O ; HCKJiHTieHHbie H3 o6mecTBa, O H H cfleJiajiHCB "3JieHiuHMH B p a r a M H C B O H X onHocejiBMaH. ( C M . C y x o p e B a H C T . flyx., C T p . 48-50.) TaKHM o6pa30M ,MMeJiHTonoJiBCKH,eyByxo,6 .opnBi7°no:. npoujeHHK) n o f l a H H O M y H M H AJieKcaHflpy nepBOMy onpaBflaJiHCB e o B e p u i e H H O , H O HenajJ iOJiEO^ ' y3HaB o ,no6poM O T H O U I G H H H K n y x o b o p u a M H3 flOKJiajJia TaBpHTiecKoro TpaacflaHCKoro F y 6 e p H a T o p a K M K H H C T P Y B H y T p e H H H X 24 n e j i , XepcOHCKHH BoeHHbiH ry6epHaTop JlaHscepoH H apxnenHCKon EKaTepHHOcjiaBCKHH H O B , CTapaJiHCB BCHiecKH O ^ I G P H H T B n y x o 6 o p u.eB. JIaHjKepoH nHcaxi: CeKTy nyxoSop^iecKyio H c^HTaio c a M o i o onacHOio RJIK X p H C T H d H C K O H peJIHTHH H B O O g l l i e HJIH H p a B C T B eHHOCTH , TaK K a K nocjienoBaTeJiH en ne pacKOJiBHHKH, npnnep>KH-B a i o i n H e c H xpncTHaHCKHx npaBHJi, H O J H O H H H e HMeioiuHe HHKaKOH peJIHTHH , He HMeWIUHe HH UepKBH, HH CBHlTjeHHH-K O B , H HenpHeMrnoiuHe T 3 H H C T B , H noTOMy KaK H H n p e x f l e HOHOCHJI, T a K H HbIHe OCTOIOCB npH C'BOeM M H e H H H , n o H X cJienyeT nepeceJiHTB Ha npyroe MecTo, rne »cHByT HexpHCTHaHe; Hbrae »e no 6 J I H 3 0 C T H HaxoflHTCH Ka3eHHbie H noivieinH^bH nepeBHH, XHTeJiH K O T O P U X jierKO M o r y T S U T B yjiOBJieHbi B Hyxoeop^ecKyw epecB, TeM 6 o j i B i u e , * I T O nyxo-6 o p u b i CTpeMHTCH K ee pacnpocTpaHeHHio. (TaM ate.) ApxHenHCKon H O B nncaji K TaBpH^ecKOMy rpascnaHCKOMy ry6epHaTopy Eopo3HHHy, o I I P H H H T H H cpeflCTB K nepecejieHHio nyxo-GOpIieB H 3 MOJIO^HHX BOH, *IT06b3 H 3 6 a B H T B OKpy>KaK>mHX HX HapOH O T BpenHOH HymerySHOH epecn: B Te^ieHHH uejioro rona H H ^ e r o cflejiaHO He 6 H J I O , no^ i e M y npouiy J l x e-y - y H T e J i H KanycTHHa H 6JiH5KaiomHX K H e M y n p i i B e p x e H u e B c o c J i a T B B oTHajieHHbie M e c T a , H J I H npece-VLGHHH CTOJIb SOTOnpOTHB HOH H BpSHHOH epeCH H y K H b I M nocTaBJiHio: 1. Bcex 0 6 ' H B J I H I O I U H X c e 6 n Hyxo6opiJ,aMH, HHKyfla O T HacTOHiiiHX H X > K H J I H I H H e OTCTynaTb H na^y H M npoe3fla nacnopTOB npeKpaTHTb. 2. HaHHMaTbCH y H H X B paSoTbi H ycJiyxcHBaHHe non KaKHM 6bl T O HH 6bIJIO npeflJIOrOM HHKOMy H3 COflep>KaiHHX 3aKOH TpeKO-PoccHHCKoro HcnoBSflaHHH J I W H H M H e flony-C K a T b . 3. Bcex Tex K O H , S H I B cfaiHaMH npasocJiaBHOH TpeKO-POCCHHCKOH UepKBH, B C T y n f l T B * I H C J I O H y X 0 6 o p i I , e B , H B TaKOM H J I H C a M H npH3HaK)TCH, H J I H H306jIHMeHbI 6 y f l y T , noflJieacaT cTporOMy no 3ai<OHy cywfleHHio. 4. noeJiHKy nyxo6opij,bi C H H Bcerna HinyT cjiy^an 3aBOHHTb Ha c^eT xpncTHaHCKOH pejiHTHH cnopbi, TO C O 25 BCeMH TclKOBblMH , HKO HapyiUHTeJIHMH oSniecTBeHHoro cnoKOilCTBHH nocTynaTB no Been C T P O T O C T H 3 S K O H O B B npHMep H X coSpaTBeB. (TaM ace.) Bee 3 T H Bhniie-H3JToaceHHbie paccJieflOBaHHH X O T H H onpaBJjBi-BaJiH xtyxoSopaeB B flOHeceHHH Ha H H X B C H K H X HecnpaBeHJiHBbix o6BHHeHHH, TaK n o c noMoinBio HMnepaTopa AneKcaHjjpa H ero 6JiarocKjioHHOCTH K flyxo6opu,aM, KOMMyHaJiBHoe H X X O 3 H H C T B O npo-flOJiacaJio npouBeTaTB, X O T H He 6e3 3aTpy,n;HeHHH, RO 1839 roaa, Ha Mojio^Hbix BOflaxs - B T O ace BpeMH, BCHKne HBHaceHHH HenpHH3H H H HeHaBHCTHHiecTBa npoTHB nyxo6opu;eB co C T O P O H B I Ha^iajiBCTBa H flyxoBeHCTBa, KOTopue AjieKcaHflp J T H I U B Mor T O J I B K O 3 3 T O P M O 3 H T B H 3aMenJIHTB, OH He MOT H3MeHHTB H X HanpaB JieHHH HJIH COBCeM OCTa-H O B H T B . 3 T H HenpHH 3 HeHHbie CHJTbl flBHaceHHH JIHUIB BbBKHHaJIH H C T O " pn^ecKoro MOMema nJiH nocTHaceHHH cBoen u,ejiH. CMepTB AneK-caHflpa nepBoro B 1825 rofly npeflCTaBHJia S T O T HCTopH^ecKHH MOMeHT. BblCEJIEHHE flYXOEOPIIEB C MOJIO^HblX BOJJ, B 3AKABKA3BE no cMepTH AjieKcaHflpa I, Ha ero MecTo c i a j i ero 6paT HHKOJian I, H nojioaceHHe ceKTaHTOB Boo6me H HyxoSopueB B *iacT-HOCTH pe3KO H3MeHHJIOCB . B 3TO BpeMH nOHBHJTOCB CHJIBHOe RBVi-aCeHHe B B O H C K e flOHCKHX Ka3aKOB / K O T O p b i e O T K a 3 aJIHCB CJiyaCHTB B apMHH 1 H npocHjiHKnepeceJiHTB H X K C B O H M SpaTBHM Ha Mojio^Hbie SGiflbi.- nepecejieHHe 6 H J I O BHco^aHiiiHM yKa30M 3anpeineHO. MeJiHTO-noJiBCKHe jj;yxo6opii,bi O 6 B H H H J I H C B B pacnpocTpaHeHHH jj;yxo6op^ecKOH epecH H HHKOJiaH I, B 1830 rony, cynoM TaKOBBix Bep6oBaJi B 2 6 co j inaTbi , e c u H S T O M y 6tajTH ro / jHfai , a HeroflHbix K B O S H H O H cJiy>K6e OTOCJiaJI 6 e 3 B 0 3 B p a T H O B 3 a K a B K a 3 C K H S n p O B H H U H H . B 1 8 3 9 roxjy S H J I O n3flaHO Baco^aHiuee FtOBeJieHHe rocyxjapn, M : T O 6 B I Bee rtyxoeopixbi 6biJiH nepecej ieHbi H3 M O J I O M H H X B O X J ; H B O H B O -peHbl B 3 a K a B K a3 C K H e npOBHHIIHH TIOR CTpOTHM H S ^ a J I B C T B e H H O M Haxi;3opoM. 3 T O noBej ieHHe 6 M J I O oBBHBJieHO jayxo6opiiaM q e p e s TeHepaJ i-rySepHaTopa HoBopoccMcKoro, K H H . 3 H BopoHiioBa, CJieiiy-KJIUHMH CJIOBaMH: Bee j j e f t cTBHH, ocyKflaioiuHe npaBocjiaBHyio I lepKOBb H J I H npoTHBHbie 6Jiaro^cecTHio H o6mecTBeHHOMy cnoKOHCTBHio , CTporo 3anpemeHbi 3aKOHOM r o c y n a p c T B a . 3aKOHbi S T H HCXOrjHT OT BJiaCTH yCTOHOBJieHHOH E o r O M H BCJieflCTBHe H X dcoKecTBeHHoro npoHcxoKxjeHHH, B C H K H B C S o6fl3aHU B TO^HOCTH H C n O J I H H T B H X , H60 „ npOTHBHLOHHCH 3TOH B J i a C T H TeM caMbiM npoTHBHTCH BejieHHHM Bora". (3Ta noBeJiHTejiB-Han iiHTaTa B 3 H i a H3 n o J i H o r o TeKCTa A n o c T O J i a naBJia M nOCJiaHHe K PHMJIHHaM T J I . 1 3 , C T H X H 1 , 2 , 4 H 5 : " ) ( T a M ) K e , C T P . 5 3 . ) n B C H K a f l flyma na 6y,n.eT n o K o p H a B W C I U H M B J i a c T H M : H 6 O HeT BJiacTH H e O T Bora, cymecTByioiuHe 5Ke BJiacTH O T Bora ycTaHOBJieHbi . I l o c e M y npoTHBHinHHcn BJiacTH npOTHBHTCH B05KHK) yCTaHOBJieHHK) ; a npOTHBHIUHeCH caMH HaBJieKyT H a c e 6 n ocyxcjaeHHe. . . H6o Ha^iajiBHHK e c T B B O X H H c j i y r a , Te6e H a n o 6 p o . E C J I H xe flenaewb 3Jio, 6 O H C H , H 6 O O H He HanpacHo H O C H T Me*i: O H E O X C H H c j i y r a , OTMCTHTejiB B HaKasaHHe flejiaioineMy 3 J I O . H n o T O M y H a f l o 6 H O noBHHOBaTBCH H e T O J I B K O H3 „ c T p a x a " H a K a 3aHHH, H O H no „ c o B e c T H " . [3aM. aBTopa.] BaiKHO 3aMeTHTB, n o r jyxoSopirbi , no H X n o H H M a H H W , n o c T y -n a M T no „coBecTH", K o r x j a O H H rjeHCTByiOT no n o B e j i e H H i o B o r a H e r o 3anoBeflH „He y 6 H H " H no y^eHHio X p n c T a H e r o noy^eHHio: N B O 3 B p a T H Men T B O H B ero M e c T o , H 6 O Bee, B 3 H B H J H M e i , M e i e M n o r a 6 H y T " . ( E B a H . O T M a T $ e n r j i . 2 6 C T . 5 2 . ) npoflOJUKan noBej ieHHe HHKOJian I: 27 Bbi, Hyxo6opiJ,Hi, o T B e p r j i H nor-MaTbi . . . HcnoBeflyeMbie rocyflapcTBeHHoto uepKOBbio H no HeBexcecTBy H 3a6Jiy»c,neHHK> C O C T a B H J I H O C 0 6 o e BepOBaHHB, H e C O B M e C T H O e C B H y T p e H H H M MHpOM UepKBH . . . KaK npOTHBHHKH BepXOBHOH B J i a C T H , BB I flaBHO y»ce 3acJiy»CHJiH cypoBoe HaKa3aHHe, H O n o ^ i H B I U H H B Bore HMnepaTop AjieKcaHflp I , HaneHJicn B e j i H K O f l y u i H e M H KPOTOCTBK) B03BpaTHTB BaC Ha nyTB flOJira H HCTHHbl. B CBoen oTe^iecKOH 6JiarocTH H CHHcxoflHTejibHOCTH O H npo-C T H J I BaM Bee BauiH B H H H , H36aBHJi Bac O T 3acjiyaceHHoro B 3 M H HaK<a3aHHH, . . . nOBeJieJI COeflHHHTB BaC B OflHO OSmeCTBO H HafleJIHTB 3 H a^ IH T e J ! B H H M KOJIH^ieCTBOM 3eMJIH . . . TOJIBKO 6bl Bbi )KHJIH B MHpe H CnOKOHCTBHH H He Hapy-iuaJiH 3aKOHOB rocynapcTBa. ( C M . CyxopeBa H C T . flyx., C T P . 53-54.) nocjie o6BHHeHHH flyxo6opn.eB B cKpbiBaHHH y ce6H 3JiofleeB H npe-CTynHHKOB, npOTHBHIItHXCK 3aKOHaM 602CeCKHM H TjeJIOBeMeCKHM, 3a KOTopbie C K P B I T H H caMH jj;yxo6opiJ,H S H J I H 3aKJiKmeHbi B TiopbMy, nofl-B e p r a s ce6n yroJioBHOMy HaKa3aHHio, noBejieHHe Tocyflapn HHKOJiafl I npoHOJUKaeTCH: no BauiHM neJiaM Bbi cflejiajincb HeflOCTOHHtiMH . . . Bbi H C T O U I H J I H TepneHHe npaBHTejiBCTBa . . .Bbi . H O J U K H H 6 H T B nepecejieHbi B OTjjajieHHbie CTpaHH, rne 6 H B H He MOTJIH BpeflHTB BaiUHM 6J1H5KHHM, BaiUHMH 3JIOfleHHHHMH B H oSpaTHJiH Ha c e 6 n HaKOHen, BHCo^iaHiiiee BHHMaHHe Tocy-flapn, KOTopbiK noBeJieJi: Bcex npeHanJiexcaiqHx K nary6HOH ceKTe nyxoSopneB n e p e c e j i H T B B 3 a K a B K a 3 C K H e npoBHHUHH, npn ieM Ero BeJiH^ecTBo O K a 3 H B a e T BaM oflHaKose CJieflyiomHe M H J I O C T H : 1) B 3aMeH 3eMJiH, K O T O P O H B H TenepB noji3yeTecB O T K a 3 H b i , BaM flaHbi SycyT cooTBeTCTBeHHbie Haflejibi B Tpy-3 H H O HMnepHTH^iecKOH ry6epHHH B AxajiKaJiaKCKOM y e 3 n e . BMecTe c C H M flaeTCH BaM 3HaTb, * I T O nepeceJineMbie 3a K a B K a 3 He 6yflyT as-bmu O T peKpyTCKOfi I I O B H H H O C T H . . . 7) Ha 3eMJiH ocTaioinHecH B MeJiHTnoJiBCKOM ye3n;e, nocjie BbicbiJiaeMbix 3a KaBKaa ,nyxo6opu.eB, ce j iHTb rocynapcTBeH-HblX KpeCTBHH npaBOCJiaBHOTO HCnOBeflaHHH . ( H C T , flyx., C T P . 54-55.) TaKOH XCeCTOKHH npHTOBOP Jj;yX06opiJ,bI npHHHJIH CnOKOHHO. Hx nepBan peaKUHH Bbipa3HJiacB B neHHH ncaJiMa: „IIOMHJiyH Hac, 28 BJiajjbiKo; Borne Ha Bcex B O 3 3 P H . . . " ( „ l H B O T H a f l KHHra" BJTaxjHMHpa EoHu-EpyeBH^ia, C T P . 216.) Y X O f l H C MOJIO^HHX BOJ2, flyXOSopiTbl O n p a B H J I H MOTHJIBI C B O H X BoacfleH H n o K O H H b i x 6paTBeB H c e c T e p , H Ha O J J H O M H3 naMHTHHKOB Ha'qepTaJiH cJierjyioinHH ncanoM: „Bor ecT& nyx C B H T , c a i n ce6e C B H T o e MecTo..." B E B a H r e j i H H O T HoaHHa, r j i . 4, C T . 24, T O B O -P H T C H : nBor ecTB jxyx: H noKJioHHioinHecH EMy A O J I X C H H H O K J I O H H T B C H B rj;yxe H HCTHHe:. ( I I P H M ^ B. B.-B.: „ I H B O T . K H .", CTp. 87.) C O K D H H a H H e M aCHTeJIBCTBa Ha MOJIO^HhlX B O f l a X , 3aKOH^CHJiaCB snoxa 150-jieTHero rx.yxo6op^iecKoro BepoHcnoBertaHHH, nocTpoeHHan, B 6oJiBiiiHHCTBe, Ha noy^eHHH CBHmeHHoro IlHcaHHH, ocoSeHHo, Ha noyieHHK Hncyca XpHCTa, H cBogoJJHoro T O J I K O B a H H H H X p y K O B o r r n -Tejiefi no nepe/xa^e ycTHOH cjioBecHOCTH, B TaK Ha3biBaeMyK3 H X „)KHBOTHyio KHHry". , Flo npoHcxoscjieHHio O H H Bbixoxmu H3 cpeflu pyc-CKoro Hapofla, B 6ojiBUiHHCTBe, K p e c T B H H C K o r o . B Ha^ajie O H H Bbiri,ejiHJiH ce6n H3 npaBOCJiaBHH B ceKTaHCTBO, a noTOM H3 ceK-TaHCTBa B rryxo6op*iecTBo. flyxo6opirbi HaxorrnjiHCB B paccenHHH B pa3Hbix ry6epHHHx P O C C H H . HMnepaTop AJieKcaHHp I noMor H M c o S p a T B C H BMecTe, — ,,noe,erjHHOMy K eflHHOMy"—B O H H O o6mecTBo, Ha M O J I O ^ H H X Bonax, rne O H H npoacHJiH O K O J I O 4 0 -Ka JieT. I I o c p e r t C T B O M KpaTKoro H3JioaceHHHJi 6y,neT y M e c T H O , J I H U I B BKpa"T^ i,e,- ynoMHHyTB nocjiertoBaTeJiBHbix nyxoeop^ecKHX pyKOBorrHTe-Jien, nocJie C a B e j i H H KanycTHHa. Bee O H H H M e H O B a j i H C B „KajiMbiKOBbi" : a) BacHJiHil C a B e j i B H ^ i —C B I H CaBejiHH KanycTHHa, 6B I J I Bocnn-TaH B ceMBe KajiMBiKOBbix, noTOMy H 6B I J I HMeHOBaH KajiMBiKOB. Bo rjiaBe 2 4-x CTapiieB O H ynpaBJiHJi jj;yxo6op*iecKHM obinecTBOM Ha M O J I O ^ H B I X BOflax c 1820 no 1837 roxja. 6) JIapHOH KaJIMBIKOB CBIH BaCHJIHH KaJIMBIKOBa H B H y K CaBejiHH KanycTHHa, conpoBoacxtaji xryxodopiieB B nepecexteHKH B 3aKaBKa3Be, rjje H yMep O T HCToineHHH. B ) IleTp JlapHOHOBH^I KaJIMBIKOB CBIH JIapHOHa KaJIMBIKOBa, BHyK BacHJiHH KaJIMBIKOBa H npaBHyK CaBSJiHH KanycTHHa, He xjojiro 6B I J I ynpaBHTeJieM flyxoSop-qecKHM o6mecTBOM. B 1857 rojjy O H aceHHJicji H a JlyKepBH TyBaHOBOH, H O BCKope yMep B 186 4 rojjy, He OCT3BHB HaCJieJJCTBa. r) B 1864 roj - r y , B , n o B a JlyKepBH BacHJiBeBHa KaJiMHKOBa CTaJia, B O B e e n rjyxo6op*iecKOH H C T O P H H , e x t H H C T B e H H O f i aceHioHHOH pyKOBOflHTejiBHHiieH oSmecTBa jj;yxo6opiieB B 3aKaBKa3Be. IleTp JIapHOHOBHM, yMHpan, ocTaBHJi 3aBeinaHHe B noJiB3y aceHU, JlyKepBH: E H H nopy^aio Bee, c j i y m a H T e c B , He o 3 e M H O M H 3a6o^ : y c B , H O nyxoSopiiaM eme npextCTOHT 6opB6a c T B M O K ) C B e T a , 1T06H OHH He y T e p H J I H C B . ( H C T . flyx., C T P . 6 1 1 ) C nepecejieHHeM 3a KaBKa3, OTKpujiacB H O B a n snoxa H J I H xiyxoSop^ecKoro Hapoxja. 06mecTBeHHbiH o6pa3 5KH3HH, Ha^iaBiiiHHCH eme nojj p y K O B o r r H T e J i B C T B O M CaBejiHH KanycTHHa, Bceiiejio 6B I J I yKpenJieH B O K p y r CnpoTCKoro flQMa, K O T O P B I H cTaJi iieHTpoM jj;yxo-dOp^eCKOH KOMMyHaJIBHOH HCH3HH. ripaBHTejibCTBo, nepeceJiHB H X B H O I T H A 3 H 3 T C K H H Kpaft, npexj;cTaBHJio H X caMHM ce6e, — cKopee Ha npoH3BOJi cy,iiB6bi—oxcHflan, I T O a3H3TCKHe pa3 6oHHH^BH HaSern H JiHxopaflo^HHH KJiHMaT noMoryT C H C T e M a T H i e c K O M y HCTpeSJieHHio H X MajieHBKoro oSmecTBa rryxoSop-3.0 MecKHX ceKTaHTOB—KaK 3 T O y>Ke cjiynajiocb c .npyr-HMH ceKTaHTaMH. Ho KaK HCTopHH n o K a 3 H B a e T , 3Toro He CJiy^HJiocb. Jj;yxo6opTiecTBo, B O BpeMH CBoero npeSbiBaHHH B 3aKaBKa3te, H H C K O J T B K O He yTepn.no CBoero flyxoBHoro p a 3 B H T H H . Hx yiacTKH 3eMjiH o6pa6aTbiBajiHCB O S U J H M H cHJiaMH H floxoflH c ypoxcaeB OTCbijiajiHCb Ha cymecTBeHHbie Hy>KflbI CHpOTCKOTO flOMa. Byfly^iH oTflejieHbi O T HeHTpajTbHOH P O C C H H ijenbio KaBKa3CKHX rop, H HaxoflHCb cpenH nojiya3HaTCKoro HacejieHHH, flyxo6opn;bi B TeieHHe 35 JieT K H 3 H H 3a KaBKa30M, He HMexiH 6 O J I B I H H X C T O J I K H O -BeHHH HH C npaBOCJiaBHOH IlepKOBbK), HH C UeHTpaJlBHblM npaBHTeJIB-C T B O M H H H C MecTHbiMH nocejieHuaMH 3aKaBKa3bH. O H H HMejiH B03MOKHOCTB CnOKOHHO OSCTpOHTbCH H OS3aBeCTHCb X03HKCTB0M H npOBeCTH CBOK) flyXOBHyK) )KH3Hb nO CBOeMy y6e>KfleHHK). OflHO HX TpeBOJKHJIO: OHH He 6HJIH CB060J4Hbl OT peKpyTCKOH nOBHHHOCTH. 3anoBejj;b: „He y 6 H H " , 3anpemajia H M npHHHMaTb yyacTHe B BoeHHbix flefiCTBHHX. O H H CTajiH npHHHMaTB S T O T nepnofl 3a KaBKa30M, KaK nepnofl cnoKOHHoro OTflbixa. Ho S T O cnoKoncTBHe H THim-iHa npefl-3HaMeHOBbiBajiHf He CTHXHHHyio 3aKaBK33cKyw 6ypio f a CKopee HeecTecTBeHHoe SecnoKOHCTBo H qyBCTBO THacecTH HajioweHHbix Ha OBlHeCTBO, TiaCTBK) CO CTOpOHbl Ha^aJIbCTBa H flyXOBeHCTBa H *iaCTBK> co C T O P O H M codcTBeHHoro BHyipeHHero p a 3 p u B a , ~M e x ( f l o y c o 6 H D , u H pacKOJia. npeAbiflymne CTpaHHUbi nocny>KaT BCTyruieHHeM B TaKHe noJioxceHHH flyxo6opn,eB. 31 JiyKEPBH BACHJIbEBHA KAJIMBIKOBA IIOJib3yHCb odiiiHpHHM flOBepneM ,n;yxo6opiieB, JlyKepbH BacHJibeBHa y n p a B J i n x t a ,iryxo6op^ecKHM o6mecTBOM H HMyiqecTBOM o6mecTBeHHoro C H P O T C K O T O HOMa, B O rjiaBe cTapuiHHbi H aTaMaHa flOMa. nepecejieHHHe nyxoSopixbi B 3aKaBKa3be noMemajiHCB B Tpex r y 6 e p H H H X : 1) B T H $ J I H C C K O H ry6epHHH: A. AjixaJiaKCKoro ye3Jja—8 ceji: TponiiKoe, EcppeMOBKa, Topejioe, CnaccKoe, OpjioBKa, EornaHOBKa, PaflHOHOBKa, TaM6oBKa. E. EarJianioBCKoro y e 3 n a — 3 cejia: BauiKH^eT, OpManieH, KapaKJiHc. 2) B EjiH3aBeTnojiBCKOH ry6epHHH: CnaBHHKa, TponiiKoe, K H P H J T O B K a. 3) B KapcKOH o6JiacTH: KapcKHe. Bcex rryxoSopiieB Hac^HTUBajiocb B - ^ T O BpeMH 20,000 n.yiu. no o6pa3y C B O H X O T U O B , H o6pa3y X C H 3 H H B M O J I O ^ H B I X Boixax rj;yxo-6opiibi pacceJiHJiHCB B cejiax, n o n y^HB Haxtejibi 3eMJiH, xtaHHue H M B 3aMeH OTo6paHHOft Ha M O J I O ^ H H X BOflax. Bo BpeMH p y K O B o r t H T e J i B C T B a J l y K e p B H K a x i M b i K O B O H , flyxo6opu,bi HcnbiTBiBaioT K p y T O H H o n a c H U H nepeBopoT B pasBHTHH H X oSiuecTBa. ^To6bi He noTepHTB CBoero flyxoBHoro HanpaBXteHHH, O H H floxtxcHbi SblJTH npHHHTB HOBblH 3aBeT O T H O B O T O p y K O B O J T H T e J I H , C n O C O d H O T O o6i>erj;eHHTB H B H O X H O B H T B H X RJIH BHnojiHeHHH caMoro caMOOTBep-5KeHHoro nocTynKa B O BceM jjyxo6op^ecKOM r rBHaceHHH. flo S T o r o BpeMeHH jjyxobopubi HepacaxiHCb Hfleana HeconpoTHBJieHHH 3Jiy Hacn-jiHeM. flyxo6opirbi Bcerxta OToagiecTBJiHJiH BOHHy, B o e H H o e jieHCTBHe, HacHJine, — co 3 J I O M . FIOTOMy, H X Heyqa'CTHe B flencTBHHX B O H H H H HaCHJIHH H B J I H e T C H , C B O e T O pOfla, flyXOBHO-HpaBCTBeHHblM n p O T H B O -jj;eHCTBHeM 3Jiy,--H S T O BnoJiHe coBnaflaeT c noy^eHHeM Hncyca X p n c T a . C caMoro Ha^aJia ,n.yxo6opqecKoro flBHKeHHfl H J J O KOHn.a p y K O B O f l H T e J I B C T B a JlyKepBH KaJIMblKOBOH , TOJIBKO enHHHIJ,H H J I H MajieHBKHe rpynrm M O J I O A B I X jnoflen, Kor,u.a H X Bep6oBajiH Ha BOeHHyw cjiyxcSy, ocMejiHBajiHCB H B H O nociynaTb no Hyxobop^ecKOMy Hfleajiy H O T K a 3 b I B a T B C f l O T y^iaCTHH B B O H H C K O H nOBHHHOCTH , 3a *ITO OHH 6 H J I H x c e c T O K o Ha.Ka3aHbi n b i T K a M H , TiopeMHbiMH 3aKjiK)TieHHKMH, pac-CTpeJiaMH H ccbuiKaMH. MHorne H3 ,n,yxo6opu,eB OT6faiBajiH BoeHHyw cjiy»c6y, BKJiKmaH pyKOBOflHTeJin CaBeJiHH KanycTHHa. CaMO ByxoSopTiecKoe HBHxceHHe 6pocaJio B H S O B , He T O J I B K O H30JiHpoBaHHbiM enHHHuaM H3 H X cpejJBi, H O naxce H BceMy nyxo6op-TiecKOMy ©SinecTBy, T I T O 6 H yBHfleTb H n p n 3 H 3 T B pyKOBOHHTejiH H BOSCflH, K O T O p b l H 06Be,nHHHJI 6bl BCeX DyX06op^ieCKHX C T O P O H H H K O B MHpa, B H X H B H O M o6iqecTBeHHOM OTKaae yqacTBOBaTb B BoeHHBix fleHCTBHHx. J l y K e p B H B a c H J i B e BHa c o 3 H a B a J i a c B , n o OHa He Morjia 6 H T B TaKHM pyKOBonHTeJieM, H O cBHj ieTej iBCTBOBaj ia H npH3HaBajia noHBJieHHe TaKoro B O S C H H H pyKOBOflHTeJin,—,n;axce 6HJia ynocToeHa 6 B I T B BocnHTaHHHiieH H npeflTe^efl TaKoro B O X C J J ; H — B Jinne n e Tpa B a c H J i B e B H^ia BepHr -HHa. 33 I I . nETP BACHJILEBH1 BEPHTHH — EHOrPAOHqECKHH O^EPK nHCATEJIH KaK Haiua nnccepTauHH B 3aiuHTy H3SpaHHOH TeMbi, cocpeflo-T O^HBaeTCH 6ojiee Ha J I H ^ H O C T H neTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ a BepnrHHa, TaK xce H HauiH H H T e p e c H BHHMaHHe 6ynyT cocpenoTOMeHbi H a onncaHHH ero K H 3 H H , x a p a K T e p a H ero HneHHo - J i H T e p a T y p H O H neaTejibHOCTH, —Ha^HHan c fleTCTBa, B O c n H T a H H H B nyxe nyxo6op^ecKoro noyqeHHH H ero nocjieflOBaTejiBHofi neHTejibHOCTH B cpene nyxo6opu,eB H O H X nepeceJieHHH B KaHany, B KOHn.e 19-ro H Ha^cane 20-ro C T O J i e T H H . JJ , J IH 3Toro oimcaHHH M M npH6eraeM, B caMOM Ha^axie, 3a noMombio K JiHTepaTypHOH neHTeJibHOCTH TpHropHH BepurHHaf MJiafl-mero 6paTa FleTpa B a c n j i b e B H ^ a BepnrHHa. B C B o e n KHHre: „He B CHJie Bor a B ripaBne", rpHropnft BepnrHH nnnieT n p o c T O H 6e3bicKyccTBeHHO: FleTp BacHJibeBH^i P O H H J I C H B 3aKaBKa3Be, B Ejra3aBeT-noJibCKOH r y 6 . B cejie C x i a B H H K e , B 1858 rony 29 H I O H H , B neHb C B H T H X AnocTOJiOB neTpa H riaBna, B M H P H O H H Sjiaro^iecTHBOH ceMbe B e p n r H H H X [ S T O ^ H C J I O no^eTHO npa3flHyeTCH nyxo6opii.aMH H O c e r o BpeMeH H ] . 3 T O Ha3BaHHe npoHcxoflHT O T cnoBa I I B e p n r H " , (uenH — HaneBaBiiiHecH H a T e . n o c p e j i n r H 0 3 H O - a c K e T H M S C K H M n o S y K f l e H H e M — B 3 H a K n o K a H H H H ) . H a c K O J i b K o I I O H H T H O , Hame poHOCJiOBHe 6epeT H a ^ a x i o O T n p e f l K a <£enopyuiKH, H 3 C T a p O B e p O B , K O T O p b l H SblJl HOCHTeJlb BepHT. O H poflHJiCH no nosHaHHK) XpncTa B T O P U M poxfleHHeM c B b i i u e O T nyxa cBHTa, KpemeHHeM B O H M H OTua H CbiHa H C B H T O T O flyxa, CbiH OenopyuiKH—IIpoKO$bioiiiKa. C U H IIpoKocJbioiiiKH— J l y K b H H y u i K a . C B I H JlyKBHHyuiKH—BacHjibK ) i i iKa--3TO y x e H a m poHHTejib. MaTb Haaia AHacTacnn B a c H J i B e B H a npoHcxoflHJia H 3 pona KanycTHHa. BepwrHH OTeu 6biJi CTpororo H 34 cnpaBextJTHBoro xapaKTepa, ^jyacoro He JIK>6HJI a ua ^yacoe He 3aBHflOBaji . Bcerxta H HaM T O B O P H J I : „ C M O T p n T e , neiu, ecxiH a c e j i a e T e 6oraTCTB, T O HOCTHraftTe S T o r o ^ecTHBiM H cnpaBextJiHBUM n y i e M O T C B O H X J I H ^ H B I X TpyxtoB. ^yxcoro H H ^ i e r o He xcejiaftTe... C M O T p H T e , fleTH, X O T B MeJiOBeK ro,2i, 74a n p a B . riBHHCTBa o b e r a f t T e H K Q H,n;a." MaTB-Hce SbiJia K P O T K O T O H MnpHoro x a p a K T e p a , O T H O -CHJiacB K O BceMy J I K > 6 O B H O ; B ceMBe Bexta pacnopHHOK x p H C T H a H C K H H , Bcerjxa y n o M H H a j i a Bora H MoryiqecTBO Ero. E C J I H Korfla Mbi ee H He cj iyiuajra, OHa HHKorna Hac He 6paHHJia, B o c o S e H H O C T H He 6HJia H ecriH JiejiaJia KaKne J I H 6 O Hajj; HaMH y c n j i H H , T O S T O SbiJia ee KpoTKan npocB6a H MOJiHTBa. HHorrj;a M B I H 3Toro He cJiymajiHCB, B TaKOM cjiy^iae OHa HaM roBopmia: a T O H 06 S T O M BanieM HenocjiyinaHHH rtojioacy BauieMy n a n a m e . C J I O B O „ n a n a i i i a " C H J I B H O jjeHCTBOBajio Ha Hac H Bcerzia M B I ycMHpjuiHCB. ( C M . TBB: „He B CHJie Bor..."./ C T p . 20 Bcex neTeil y BacHJina H AHacTacHH BepHrHHbix 6 B I J I O : ceMB CBiHOBeft H RBB flo^epH. Hx HMeHa no CTapuiHHCTBy: H B a H , <J>e,nc>p, A H H a , JlyKBHH, npoKO$HH, B a p B a p a , BacHJiHH, I l e T p , H rpHropufi• Bee xi;eTH 6 B I J I H KpenKoro TejiocjioaceHHH , H O H 3 0 Bcex, IleTp BacHJiB e B H i BBirjejiHJicH C T P O H H O C T B I O Tejia H KpacoToft jiHiia; O H T a r a e BHxtejiHJicH HpaBCTBeHHo H flyxoBHO. H 3 B c e x H e T e H , MJiartniHe Tpoe BacHJiHH, IleTp H F p u r o p H H , oSyqaj iHCB B u i K O J i e , — B n p o c T O H , nepe BeHCKOil uiKOJie B J40Me B e p u r n H b i x . 06 S T O M r p u r o p H H BepwrHH nHiueT: B HayKe, IleTp BacHJiBeBH^i ineji BnepenH; H3yCTHBie ypoKH O H cflaBaji Jiy^ine Hac; pncoBaHHe y Hero B B I X O H H J I O npaBHJiBHeH Hainero H jjHJjeHBKa y^HTejiB n o u n Bcerria HaM jj;ejiaji aaMeiaHHH H yKa3UBaji Ha Hero: „ B H nocMo-TpHTe KaKoe npHJieacaHHe HMeeT I leTpynia, KaK y Hero Bee B B I X O J T H T a K K y p a T H O H xopomo, a T H rpHiua--roBopHJi O H MHe, — T e 6 e 6H T O J I B K O SpiouiKO HaSHBaTB" . . . ApH<J>-MeTHKy H3y^:ajiH xopomo, a T a K x e qniaTB H i r a c a T B H T O J I B K O npouuiH rpaMMamKy, uiKOJia Hauia 3aKOH*iHJiacB, T . e . , M B I nepecTajin o6y*iaTBCH H nocTynHJiH B X O 3 H H C T -BeHHBie j j e j i a . (TaM ace.) 35 BpeMH uuio, IleTpy B a c H J i B e B H ^ y HacTynHJi 2 1 - H ron;. O H aceHHJICH Ha ABflOTbH T p H r O p b e B H O H K O T e J I B H H K O B O H . O f l H O B p e M S H H O , eme B roflbi ero p o c i a H pa3 B H T H H , ynpaBHTejiBHHoa JlyKepBH BacHJibeBHa l a c T O nocewajia flyxo6opu.eB B E J T H 3 aBeTiroxiBCKOH ry6ep-H H H . B 186 5 rony OHa n o c e T H J i a BepHrHHbix B ceJie CnaBHHKe, T a K KaK MaTb neTpa BacHJiBeBH^ia npHXOflHJiacB TeTKOH n o K O H H O M y Myacy JlyKepBH BacHjibeBHbi. Ha S T O T p a 3 O H a no3Bajia 7-jieTHero neTpa H M n a j j j u e r o rpnropHH B KOMHaTy H 3acTaBHjra H X *iHTaT& ncajiMbi. no npo^iTeHHH OHa H X noxBajiHjra, H noTOM oSpaTHBUiHCB K H X Maiepn, npH6aBHJia: HacTioiiia, B H neTioiiiKy acajrefiTe, jiioSHTe H BOCHHTbiBaHTe ero B flyxe x p H C T H a H C K O M , 3 H a f i T e , I T O O H npHHaflJ ieacHT MHe. npH.neT BpeMH H ero Bo3BMy .- K ce6e. O H 6yn;eT MHe HyaceH H J I H „Eoacbero flexia" . ( C M . law ace, C T p . 2.4.) TaK onHCbiBaJi S T O T 3nH3on rpnropHH BepnrHH, poflHoii 6paT neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a, H3 *iero M O X C H O 3aKJiio^HTB, * I T O JlyKepBH H36pajia ero c neTCTBa H 3aKJno^:HJTa P O A C T B O (ycfaiHOBHJia) H J I H BOcnnTaHHH e r o B flyxe xpncTHaHCKOM H J T H Eoac&ero neJia. HecKOJiBKO BpeMeHH nocjie n e p B o r o nocemeHHH JlyKepBH B CJiaBHHKe, neTpy BacHJibeBH^iy cny^HJioct 3a6oxieTB ropn^KOH H ero MaTb nepBHM flojiroM nocjiaxia r o H u a K JlyKepBe BacnjiBeBHe, ^ T O S B I H3BecTHT& ee o eepBe3HOH ero 6oJie3HH. Korfla O H CTaJi nonpaB-J I H T B C H , 6H J T nocJiaH flpyrofi roHeu, K O T O P H H 3acTajr JlyKepBK) BacHJi&eBHy npHTOTOBJiHioiiiyiocH K B b i e 3 f l y B CnaBHHKy. Bjiaroflapn H3BeCTHK) O eTO BfaI3flOpOBJTeHHH , O H a OCTaJiaCB B TopeJiOM. no cjiy^aio flaBJieHHH MHJiHTapH3Ma Ha nyxo6op*iecKoe oSinecTBo B 3aKaBKa3be B 1877 rofly, JlyKepBH co3HaeTCH B cjia6ocTH, KaK 36 xcemiiHHa p y K O B O f l H T e j i B H H u,a, He 3Han K a K H36eacaTb oflHoro 3Jia B BbiMor -aTejibCTBe n p a B H T e J i b C T B O M n p H H H M a T B y q a c T H e B B O H H e H B T O »ce caMoe BpeMH, K a K c n a c T H flyxoSop^ecKoe obmecTBO O T npyroro 3Jia, O T 3Jia HacHJTHH H B K p a H H e M c j i y ^ i a e O T paspyuieHHH. 3 T O 3acTa-B J i n e T ee C H O B a nonyMaTB o neTpe B a c H J i B e B H ^ i e B e p n r H H e , KOTopoMy y»e HacTynmi 20-bift ron O T pony H KOToporo .ponHTejiH oSewajiHCb nocBHTHTB Ha Eoscne neJio n o n p o c b S e JlyKepBH B a c H J i b e B H H . 3 T O CJiy^HJiocB TaK. B 1877 rony pa3pa3HJiacB PyccKO-TypeuKan BOHHa. B 3aKaBKa3be nyxoSopnbi, no C B O H M 3aBeTaM, OTKa3bIBaJIHCB O T BOeHHOH C J i y » 6 H . HO KHH3B MHXaHJT P O M a H O B , HyscjjaHCB B BoeHHHx 0 6 0 3 a x , oSpaTHJicH J I H ^ I H O K JlyKepBe B a C H J l B -eBH'e. O H n p n e x a j i K H e n H a K B a p T H p y B cejio TopeJioe H 3 a H B H J i : Beflb B H , JlyKep& H B a c H J i B e B H a , co C B O H M H nyxoSopnaMH nepBbie cTaHe-Tee MHmeHBio B TypnHH, H e c j i H T O J I B K O T y p e u . -K H e B O H C K O Ha necHTB B e p c T noflBHHyTCH Bnepejj, T O B H nepBbie nocTpanaeTe. Benb H HennpHrSiaiuaio Bac 6paTB py»c&H H BcTynaTB B P H J J B I BOHCKa, Benb H n p o m y TOJibKo $yproHbi BaniH H J I H nepeB03KH B O S H H O H aMyHHUHH. . . A caMoe rjiaBHoe, n o ecTB B BameM noHHTHH y i e H H H X p H C T a —TjToSbi BaMH Hyxo6opu;aMH H e 6H J I y 6 H T ^ e j i O B e K , T O 3Toro y)Ke H e MoaceT cjiy^HTBCH HHKorna. ( r . B e p e r H H , „He B c n j i e Eor a B npaB,ne"t? C T P . 29.) B CHJiy TaKofi HeoexonHMOCTH JlyKepBH BacHJibeBHa noJDKHa 6bijia ycTynHTB e r o npocB6e. HeMenJieHHo OHa co6pajia ci>e3Jj; H n p e n j i o s o u i a S T O .nej io H J I H oSmero o6cyacneH H H Bcex flyxo6opu,eB. ^eTbipecTa c p y p r o H O B n p H S b u i H B c e j i o TopeJioe K JlyKepBe B a c H J i B e B H e . nocjie ee coBeTa Bee BbiexaJiH B AjieKcaHflponojib H J I H T O T O , noSbi BbinoJiHHTB npocbSy K H H 3 H Mnxanjia. Korna Bbie3acaJiH, JlyKepbH BacHJibeBHa HaBaJia H M Heo6xonnMbie coBeTbi: Bbi e n e T e , X O T B H K o c B e H H O , n o M o r a T b B o e H H O M y 37 neHCTBHK). IIpeflKH HauiH O T SToro yKJioHHJiHCb, a B Hanie BpeMH MBI BOB Ce flOJPKHbl npOTHBOCTOHTB npOTHB 3TOrO. HO no H3B6CTH b l M npH^HHaM H , K a K XCeHIlTHHa, C H J I B H O H e HacTaHBaio H H e npoTHBOflencTByio S T O M y . Ho npenynpeac-HaK) Bac, n o S T O MoaceT 6 B I T B , 6y , n e T nocneflHHH He3aKOH-HbiH nocTynoK B H C T O P H H .nyxoSopiieB, S T O cxryaceHHe Baajiy. npouiy Bac H e 3a6biBaHTe 3Toro H Bcerna noMHTyftTe o Bore. noMHTOBaTB o Bore 3HaiHT He T B O P H T B xyj^ux jj;eji. (TaM ace, C T P . 29 .) n o S T O 6 U J I „nocJieflHHH He3 a KoHHHH nocTynoK 1 1 K O T O P H H ^ HCTopntiecKH He noBTopHJicn T O J I B K O no BO3nencTBHio neTpa BaCHJIB-e B H ^ i a BepHTHHa H ero nocJieflOBaTejieil .ii.yxo6opii.eB „ B O J I B U I O H nap-T H H " . O H 6biJi T O T , KOToporo J l y K e p B H BacHJibeBHa BocnHTbiBajia H J I H H e n o B T o p e H H H nyxo6opu , a M H , B O B c e M 6 y n y m e M , K a K o r o 6BI T O HHSobin© y y a C T H H B BOeHHblX fleHCIBHHX. neTp BacHJiBeBHM c MajiojieTCTBa U3y^.an B C K » H C T O P H K J nyxo-6op^;ecTBa, npo^eji B e e ncaJiMbi, B K O T O P H X TaKoe y i a c r a e B BoeH-H b i x neftcTBHHX OTpHuaeTCH, H TaK ace npo^eji Bee EBaHrejrae, ySeflHBiiiHCb, n o X C H 3 H B H y i e H H e XpncTa OTpnuaeT TaKoe yiacTHe. B OTKa3e O T yiacTHH B BoeHHOM nejie neTp BacHJiBeBH^ BH.ii.eJi y^acTHe B EoacbeM nejie. X P H C T O C T O B O P H J I : „ K T O J I I O 6 H T o m a H MaTb 6ojiee HeaceJiH MeHH, T O T HenocTOHH MeHH". neTpy BacnjiB-eBH^iy npencTOHJio Bbi6HpaTB O J J H O H3 HByx: nocjiyuiaHHe npaBHTeJib-c T B y H J T H cjrysceHHe Eory. O H p e n i H J i HaBcerfla CJiyacnTb Eory. Korfla Ha^aJiacb ExceKO-TypeuKan BOHHa noa KapcoM B 1877 rofly, neTpy BacHJiBeBH^y Sbijio O K O J I O 20 JieT O T pony. O H eme He 6bin n p H 3 B a H JlyKepben B C H P O T C K H H H O M H J I H BbinoJiHeHHH Eoacbero jj;ejia no ee H a 3 H a ^ e H H i o . O H H e npHHHMaJi HHKaKoro coneHCTBHH B PyccKO-TypeuKOH BOHHe H BHyTpeHHe ocyamaji JTyKepbio BacHJi& e B H y 38 3a ee nocTynoK, Korr ta O H a , X O T H H C coacaxieHHeM, c o r j i a c H J i a c b HcnoJiHHTb npocb6y K H H 3 H MuxaHJia HHKOJiaeBH^a P o M a H O B a . neTp B e p n r H H no3ace Bbipa3HJi S T O ocyscxteHHe B e r o 1 7 - M n H C B M e K T O J I -c T O B i i y H . T . H3K)ivpieHKO H3 OSxtopcKa, K y x t a O H 6B I J I cocnaH 3a e r o conpoTHBJieHHe B O H H C K O H I I O B H H H O C T H , K O T o p o e O H pacnpocTpaHHJi M e a c x t y r tyxo6opi ieB 6 O J I B I U O H napraH. ( I I H C B M O 17 S H J I O H a n e M a i a H O B „ A p x H B e JlBBa HHKOJiaeBH^ia T o x i C T o r o 1896 r . " ) B n H C B M e , M a c T B K ) O H n H i u e T npoTHB y ^ a c T H H B B o f t H e H i a c T B M ocyacflaeT JlyKepBio BacHJiBeBHy H x (yxo6opi ieB 3a T a K o e y^iacTHe: nocjieflHee BpeMH H a K a B K a 3 e— O H n H i u e T — B cpexte HaniHX 6paTBeB , B O 3 6 y x i H . n o C B xiBHaceHHe. EnaBHbiM O C H O -B a H H e M cjryacH.T T O , ^ T O 6 B I H e y i a c T B O B a T B B O BpextHBix flejiax jiKuieft (Trjer.. nepeB03HTB M a c c b i jnoxteft c n p o T H B O -n o j i o x c H B i x C T O P O H H J I H y H H ^ T o a c e H H H xtpyr x t p y r a , „ B 3 H B I I I H M e ^ O T M e i a n o r H 6 a T b " ) , npn c y m e c T B y i o i n e M nopHxn<e, a I T O T O M BBipa6aTHBaTB H C T H H H B I X , no B O 3 M O » C H O C T H , xpnc-T H a H . H xtepacycB T a K o r o xteBH3a: „npeacxte * i e M I I P H H O C H T B nojiB3y, He HyacHo xtejiaTB B p e . n a " . . . . YnoMHHaeMoe B ra3eTax, * I T O H a n i H MHoro noMorjiH p y c c K o f t a p M H H B n p o n i - . Jiyio BOHHy ( B 1877 r . ) , S T O 6 B I J I O B neftcTBHTeJiBHOCTH. Ho 3 T O 6 B I J I O caMoe Mep3Koe xteHHHe H3 6BiTa HaniHX, K a K xpHCTHaH. y^acTBOBaTB B H e f l o 6 p o M xtejie, X O T H H K O C -BeHHo, Bee paBHo, He xopouio. I I O X ( B O 3 H cyxapH, H B o e H H B i f i MaTepHaxx noxi; c a M B i e c T e H B i K p e n o c T H r o p o f l a Kapca, B nponijiyio BOHHy, HaniH Bee paBHo y^acTBOBaxiH B Heft. CTapHKH H xteftcTByiowHe J i H i i a ( T . e . Y n p a B H T e J i B -HHLta J l y K e p & H BacHJiBeBHa c o cTapniHHaMH) B T O BpeMH CMOTpeJIH H a 3TO CHHCXOXtHTeJIBHO, O S l j f l C H f l H O T l a C T H T e M , I T O Bee paBHo HeJiB3H H B H O HcnoBef lOBaTB y^ieHHe X p H C T a . Mbi ceft^ac n p o i e c i y e M npoTHB T a x o r o B03 3pe-H H H H TOBOPHM, ^ITO 3TO B B l f t f l e T JIHIieMepHe . . . ( II IIH CBMa" B. B. B., CTp. 4 0.) Bo B p e M H P y c c K O - T y p e i i K O f t B O H H H , Korxta neTp BacHJibeBH^ 6B I J I yace B 6paKe c EBHOKHeft rpnropBeBHOH KOTejiBHHKOBOft, a ceMeftCTBa BepurHHbtx H KoTeJibHHKOBbix, 6buiH yace Torxta caMbiMH B j i H H T e j i B H B i M H ceMeftcTBawtH B 3 T O M CeJie . 39 ycJibniiaB o T a K O M 6paKe, JlyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H a , n o c j i o B a M rpnropHH BepuraHa, Sbijia oieHb B3BOJiHOBaHa H B nocJiextcTBHH Buexaxta B c e j i o C j i a B H H K y . no3 , n e p o B a B i i i H C B c HapoinoM H C BCTpe-^awmeH ee MaTepBio neTpa BepnraHa, K O T o p y i o OHa n p n r j i a c H J i a B C B O K ) K a p e T y , I T O 6 H exaTB B e e H O M , H Ha nyTH d a j i a c n p a u i H B a T B : HacTKiiia, H ace Bac n p o c n j i a B o c n H T b i B a T B neTpa J J ; J I H B o a c B e r o nejia H npexi ;ynpeac ,n ;aj ia , n o B H a s H a i e H H o e M H O I O B p e M H H e r o B O3BMy K cede. H a ce j ia j ia I T O S H O H 6H J T HHieM a C H T e H C K H M H e C B H 3 3 H . flaace OH flOJIHCeH CIHTaTB O T i i a H M 3 T B B T o p o c T e n e H H H M xtexiOM. O H flOJiaceH ce6n n o a c e p T B O B a T B Bory H c J i y a c n T B E M y , ~ H n o f l y M a B u i H n p n -S a B H J i a — O T H O c H T e J i B H O pa3Bona S p a K a , S T O B a m e JiH^iHoe flejio: ecjiH c O 6 O H X C T O P O H 6yjj;eT corjiacHe O H H MoryT p a 3 0 H T H C B . ( C y x o p e B , H C T . flyx. (? • C T P . 66.) norocTHB H e flOJiro OHa y e x a j i a B ropejioe H S o j i B i u e H e npHe3acajia B C j i a B H H K y - - H O H e c o M H e H H O JlyKepBH n p e f l n o^HTaJia O T neTpa KaKyio-HH6yHB p e a K U H i o c e r o C T O P O H B I . O f l H O B p e M e H H O , n o 6 b i p a 3 p e n i H T B Bonpoc B b i M o r a T e j i B C T B a B c o y^acTHH jjyxo6opij;eB B B o e H H O M neHCTBHH, JlyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H a c o 3 B a J i a c T a p n i K O B c o B c e x e e J i e H H H H o6bHBHJia H M : C Hac Tpe6yK>T coxtnaT B apMHK) H J I H n o f l B 0 3 a npoBH-aHTa Ha $ P O H T noxi; Kapc. To H j j p y r o e n e j i o npoTHB B O J I H Bora. MBI H e HOJiacHbi 6 H I I P H H S T B H H T O H H flpyroe, H O noJiacHbi ciHTaTBCH c o6cTOHTejibCTBaMH n o j i o a c e H H H . H aceHmHHa H H e B C H J i a x BbiBecTB Bac Ha TaKyio 6opB6y npoTHB rocynapcTBa; K o r i i ; a npH .neT CHJibHbiH Boac , n B , KaK o6emaJi n o K O H H b i H neTp JlapnoHOBH^ (ee y c o r m i H H Myac) , O H BaM c K a a c e T n o c x t e J i a T B . E C J I H Mbi He flaflHM corjiacHH H a KaKyio-HH6yHB n o M o m B , pyccKHe cojixtaTta n p o x o f l H HaniH cejieHHH, 6yjj;yT T P Q M H T B H a n i H acHJinma H 3a6npaTB Bee n o nonaneTCH. HaniH c e c i p u MoryT 6biTb HacHJiyeMbi H HCTH3aeMbi. T a K O B n o p n x t O K B o e H H b i x ri,eHCTBHH; a e c j i n M B I p e n i H M B B i c T a B H T B n o f l B o r i b i B 0 6 0 3 flJiH n o , n . B 0 3 a n p o -B H a H T a , T O HaniH c e j i e H H H o 6 e m a i p T o c T a B H T B B n o K o e . (CyxopeBa H C T . flyx., C T P . 63.) B C H J i y T a K O H Heo6xoflHMOCTH JlyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H a n p o c n j i a 40 jjyxoSopiieB ycTynHTb npocB6e K H H 3 H MnxaHJia. flo 4 0 0 $ y p r o H O B BBiexajiH, n o S u xiextaTB T O , Ha I T O 6 B I J I H n p H r j i a n i e H b i . Korfla Bue3)KajiH, CHa^ajia Bee flOJiacHBi 6 B I J I H npH6biTB B cexio ropejioe K J l y K e p B e B a c H J i B e B H e . OHa Bcex H X H a n y T C T B O B a J i a H naBajia HeoSxoJJHMbie coBeTBi: BB I exteTe, X O T H H K O C B G H H O , noMoraTB B o e H H O M y flSHCTBHB . . . a B Hailie B p e M H Mbi H BOBCe flOJiaCHbl n p O T H B O C T O H T B ITpOTHB 3 T O r O . HO n O H S B e C T H b I M n p n -IHHaM H , KaK MteHIUHHa, CHJIbHO He H a C T a H B a K ) H He n p o T H B O x t e H C T B y w 3 T O M y . . . E C J I H K O M y H3 Bac npn-fleTCH y i a c T B O B a T B B n o f l S H p a H H H MepTBBix Text, 6y,nB S T O p y c c K H e H T y p e i i K H e , H e c j i n O K a a c e T C H S C H B O H ^ e J i O B e K , noMorHTe eMy KaK MoaceTe T O J I B K O . Eoace B a C COXpaHH O O B I C K H B a T B K a p M a Hbl MepTBBIX TeJIii) H H nojj; K a K H M B H J J ; O M 3Toro He x t e J i a H T e : BextB J H O J J H acH3HB C B O K ) n o j i o a c H J i H , a B B I , He jjyMan 0 6 S T O M , CTaHeTe o S b i c K H B a T B H X K a p M a H b i , co6Jia3HHBiiiHCB p y G j i e M HJIH RByMH. K T O M y ace, B O B p e M H T a K o r o Bamero y a c a c H o r o nocTynKa, MoaceT n p H J i e T e T B He H3BecTHO O T Kyxia nyjin H cpa3HTB Te6n. Torxta, n o H J I H Te6n 6y,n,eT n o p o a c e : T B O H acH3HB H J I H Te flBa p y S j i H ? npomy H npesynpeacxfaio Bac, Bee CKa3aHHoe M H O I O coxpaHHTe B T O I H O C T H H 0 eyxieTe 6 J i a r o n o j i y^HBiMH. no cKa3aHHK> XpncTa, H B O J I O C c r o j i O B H BaineH He y n a n e T . (T. B e p H T H H , „He B CHJie Bor a B npaBJj;e"v C T P . 29) Meacxty J l y K e p B e n B a c H J i B e B H O H H neTpoM B e p n T H H B I M C O C T O H J I C H KaK 6 B I x t H a j i o r : . J l y K e p B H B a c H J i B e B H a BBixtejiHJia neTpa B a c n j i B e B H ^ a H 3 cpeflH nyxoSopiieB H J I H BocnHTaHHH Ha n o n p H m e n o c j i e x t O B a T e x c B -Horo pyKOBOJjHTejiBCTBa — nocjie CBoero. OHa no B.peMeHaM n o c e -majia ero c xteTCTBa B cexte CJiaBHHKe, B 1 5 0 - B e p c T H O M p a c c T O H H H H O T C B o e r o MecToacHTeJiBCTBa B ceJie TopeJioM. OHa xtoacHnaJiacB ero B n o j i H e c o 3 p e B u i e r o B03pacTa, noSbi B S H T B ero K ce6e H J I H 3aBep-niaiomero BocnHTaHHH H o6y*ieHHH B xtejie BoacBeM B K a i e c T B e p y K O B O f l H T e J I H . neTp B a c H J i B e B H a , no aceJiaHHio C B O H X p o j x H T e J i e H H no npocb6e 41 JlyKepbH BacHJibeBHH, yxce 6H J I BocriHTaH B nyxe nocBHmeHHH ce6n EcoKbeMy flejiy. O H scflaji O T JlyKepBH BacHJiBeBH H Bbi30Ba « TaKOMy flejiy. Ho Korjj;a O H flocTHr 20-JieTHero B03pacTa, O H cTaji T I O H H -MaT&, n o B J I H Eoacbero nejia, B Ha3 Ha^ieHHOM BoroM BpeMeHH, O H HOJixceH BornepBbK npHHHTB BH30B O T Bora, a noTOM O T JlyKepBH BacHJibeBH H ecjTH ee Bbi30B coBna,naji c ero noHHTHeM B ieM COCTOHJIO BOHCHe fleJTO. Ho JlyKep&H BacHJiBeBHa B S T O BpeMH 6ujia *iepe3^yp 3aHHTa c flejiaMH PyccKO-TypeuKOH B O H H H . A B O H H H c H C I T O K O H BeKOB, BOo6iqe nepeeeKaioT pa3,n.yMBH o EoacbeM HeJie. E H 6bur Heflocyr, M T O S H noflyMait o C B o e M H36paHHHKe H J I H Boxcbero flejia. H36paHHHK J J ; J I H Eoxcbero flejia ycjibniiaji H y3HaJi o pacnopnxceHHH JlyKepBH BacH-JibeBHbi OTHOCHTejiBHO „KOCBeHHoro" ,n;yxo6op*iecKoro y^iacTHH B BoeHHbix fleHCTBHHX, B noJiHOM co3HaHHH, no. ee cjioBaM, n o : „ B Hatue BpeMH Mbi H B O B ce H O J I S C H E J I I P O T H B O C T O H T B npoTHB 3Toro". neTp BacHJiBeBH^c He corjianiajicn c Hen H He onobpnji ee pacnopnxceHHe noSbi K O C B C H H O y^acTBOBaTB B BoeHHOM neHCTBHH, Bbipaacancb 06 S T O M OTpHuareJibHO: „ 3T O bbuio caMoe Mep3Koe fleSHHe H 3 6bITa HaiUHX, KaK XpHCTHaH. y^iaCTBOB aTB B HeflOdpOM nejie, X O T H H KOCBeHHO, Bee paBHO He xopoino" ( C M . U H T a T y , C T P . 38 Hai i ien flHccepTaiiHH) . neTp BacHJiBeBHa, MO»ceT 6 H T B , B pa30^apoBaHHH no O T H O -iiieHHio pyKOBOflHTeJiBCTBa JlyKepBH BacHJibeBHbi, aceHHJicH Ha E B H O K H H rpnropbeBHe K O T 6 J I B H H K O B O H , c o*CH,naHHeM npHHHTB B H 3 0 B Ha Boxcne nejio, He O T JlyKepbH BacHJiBeBHbi, a O T Bora B Ero Ha3HaieHHoe 42 BpeMH H no Ero BOJie H nxtaHy. Ho Korfla O H y3Haji O T CBoeft M a T e p H , H T O JlyKepBH noceTHJia ee H ocTaBHJia c Hen BH30B eMy, . . . M T 0 6 b l OH BblJI H H ^ e M >KH3HeHHHM He CBH3 SH . flaxce O H .noxDKeH c^HTaTb .oma H M a T B BTopocTeneHHbiM fleJiOM. O H .nojixceH ce6n noxepTBOBaTB Bory H cjiyxcHTB E M y , — H noflyMaBiiiH npH6aBHJia— o T H O C H T e j i b H O pa3BOfla 6paKa, S T O Bauie jni^Hoe neno: ecjin c O 6 O H X C T O P O H 6yjj;eT corjiacHe O H H MoryT p a 3 O H T H C B • ( C M . i^HTaiy C T P . 39.) HeM we K O H ^ H J I C H S T O T HeBbicKa3aHHbift, H e H C T B e H H M H flHanor? O H K O H ^ H J I C H fleHCTBHeM. 29-ro $eBpajiH 1880 rofla, B conpoBox-jjeHHH rpnropHH BepnrHHa, CBoero MeHbinero SpaTa, I l e T p BacHJibe-B H M ocTaBHJi cejieHHe CjiaBHHKy, H npo6biB Tpn RHH B nopore, npHSbui B C H P O T C K H H J J ; O M B cejie TopeJioM. 3aBHJ_;H caHKH, no/Tbe3}KaioiijHe K ee flOMy, H y3HaB B H H X neTpa BacHJibeBHMa, OHa 3anJiaKaJia O T panocTH. OHa HartenjiacB, y.TO B HeM HM6HHO OHa M O K e T B O C n H T a T B B e J I H K O T O BOJKJJIH flJIH B03-po5KJj;eHHH HCTHHHoro ,nyxo6op*iecTBa cnoco6Horo B B I I I O J I H H T B 3anoBe,nB „He y 6 H H " H „He y^acTByfi B ySHHCTBe"... ) K H 3 H B neTpa BacHJibeBH^a npn JlyKepbH BacHJibeBHe, npo-flOJiwajiacb nnTb JieT. npn Hen O H 3aHHMajicn neHHeM EBaHrejiHH, npn i e M JlyKepBH BacHJiBeBHa BXcnHJia B 6ece,ny H .nejiajia C B O H noHCHeHHH. CaM neTp BacnjibeBHM CBH,neTejibCTByeT, n o : Jlyuae^Ka co cjie3aMH Ha rjia3ax npocnjia MeHH nepe-jj;aTb .nyxoeopijaM, M T O O H H J J I O J D K H H ocBoSoflHTbcn O T KpoBonpoJiHTHH H ySHHCTBa MeJioBeKa ^ e j i O B e K O M , KaK flejia Hexopoiuero H BoenpemeHHoro BoroM. OHa He-C K O J I B H O pa3 c n p a i u H B a j i a M e H H , BBinoJiHio J I H H ee weJiaHHe. E H HaiiJiewaJio S T O c,nejiaTb H nepe^aTb MHe, H H flaJi en Ha S T O o6emaHHe. (CyxopeBa H C T . J]yx. , crp. 66-67) BaHHo 3aMeTHTB H T O , M T O C M O J I O J J ; O C T H H nepen TeM BpeMeHeM, Korna O H peniHJi J I H H H O yiacTBOBaTb B flejiax JlyKepBH KanMbiKOBOH, neTp B a c H J i b e B H i H3y ^ H J i B O O HCTopHio /j;yxo6opiJ,eB H H X HCTopHTCCKoe flBHJKeHHe, npo^eji Bee ncajiMH H EBaHrejine,— » H 3 H B H noyieHHe Hncyca XpncTa. B OTKaae O T yvacTHH B BoeHHOM nejie, neTp BacHJiBeBHa BHfleJi CJiyxceHHe Bory. EMy npencTOHJio BbiSnpaTB oflHO H3 flByx: n o o n y u i a H H e npaBHTejiBCTBy H J T H CJiyxceHHe Bory. O H Bcerna H36Hpaji CJiyxceHHe Bory. JlyKepBH p a f l O B a j r a c b 3TOMy e r o Bu6opy, H O BMecTe c TeM, no C J T O B a M TpHropHH B e p H T H H a , C H J T B H O njiaKajia H TOBOpHJia: n o Te6e n p e f l C T O H T BnepeflH, S T O BeflaeT O J J I H H T O J I B K O Bor. Te6n MoryT nocaflHTB B TiopBMy. T H SyfleniB oTjryveH O T P O H H H X H B c e x nyxoSopneB, T H 6yjj;euiB jiHiueH TejiecHoft C B O S O A H . H O TBepno 3Han H noMHH, ecJTH T H HcnoJiHHiiiB BOJiK) Bora. . . O H noce-T H T Te6H B TBpBMe, O H 6y,neT XpaHHTB Te6H H TBOe 6Jiaronojry^iHe, O H 6y,neT noMoraTB 3?.e6e Be3jj;e H B O BceM. T O J I B K O T H He OTCTynan O T Hero H B c e r f l a cjiy-uiaH Ero r o j i o c . . . („He B CHJie Bor CTp. 3 0 ) 1 5 - r o fleKa6pn 1 8 8 6 ro,na JlyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H a K a j i M H K O B a cKOH^aJiacB H c 3Toro J J I H H npoHCxonHT y Hyxo6opn.eB S O J I B U I Q H nepe-B O P O T 3KH3HH. BojiBiuaH iacTb nyxoSopneB noscejiajia, ^ T O 6 H neTp B a c H J i B e B H a ocTaBajicH B C H P O T C K O M flOMe H 6 H J I 6H T 3 M ynpaBHTe-jieM, KaK 6HJia n o K O H H a a J l y K e p B H BacHJiBeBHa, K O T o p a a 3aHHMaJia 3 T O T nocT 2 3 r o f l a H C K O H ^ i a j i a c B Ha 4 7 rony O T pony. Ho H e 6 o j i B -m a H r p y n n a , uiecTan ^acTB flyxo6opiJ,eB, o c o B e H H O ee poncTBeHHHKH, He noxceJiaj iH S T O T O : P O J J ; H O H 6paT JlyKepBH, MnxaHJi TySaHOB, flBe cecTpn, — napacKOBBH H TaTBHHa, j jHflH HrHaT Ty6aHOB H jjpyrne, npOTHBOCTOHJIH STOMy. B T O BpeMH CTapilTHHOH 6H J I AjieKCeH 3y6KOB, 3aHHMaBiiiHH 3Ty H O J D K H O C T B yxce 2 5 JieT H Bee oJiHXcaHiuee napcKoe 44 n p a B H T e J i b C T B O 6bi.no eMy 3 H a K O M O . A T a M a n o M B T O B p e M H 6bui HBaH B a c H J i B e B H a B a T y p H H H B e e O H H 6biJiH n p o T H B H e T p a B a c H J i b e -B H i a . K H H M n p H M K H y j i a H e 6 o J i b u i a H - q a c T b Hapon;a: H T a n c p e f l H nyxo6opueB o 6 p a 3 0 B a J i H C b n a p T H H . OflHa, K K O T O P O H n p H H a f l n e x c a . n o 6 o J i b u i H H C T B O Hyxo6opu;eB, 3 a K O H H O HacTaHBajia, no6bi y n p a B H T e j i e k nyxo6opiJ,eB 6biJi LTeTp B a c H J i B e B H a H T p e d O B a j i a eMy Bpy^eHwe B c e x fleJi. OHa jj,OKa3UBaJia, n o HMeHHO c S T O H ueJiBio O H H 6biJi npHrjiauieH JlyKepbeH BacanbeBHOH B S T O T A O M H n p O M B T a M l e C T H O n H T B J i e T f 03HaK0MHBIUHCB CO B C e M H n o p H f l K a M H flOMa, n.a H B H p a B C T B S H H O M nene O H BnoJiHe 3 a c j i y » H B a e T S T O M e c T o . (B T O H xce KHHre r . BepnrHHa, C T P . 31) JJpyran xce napTHH, M e H b i u e H C T B O , 6 e 3 3 a c j i y r nepen. 0 6 -mecTBOM, H M e j i a J I H I U B K o p H C T H b i e H a M e p e H H H . OHa 3 a x B a T H J i a B C B O H p y K H fleHeKHbifi K a r i H T a j r H o 6 p a T H J i a c b 3a noMombio K n p a B H T e x i b C T B y , c T a j i a B O H O C H T B B C H K H e K j r e B e T b i , n o Bee S T O H a c j i e f l C T B o n p H H a n -jiexcHT poflcTBeHHHKaM JlyKepBH B a c H J i b e B H H . 3 a noflnepxcHBaHHe H X C T O P O H H , M e c T H o e npaBHTejibCTBo 6bi j io noflKynjieHo. no noKa3a-TejibCTBy rpnropHH B e p H T H H a , AxaJiKaJiaKCKOMy y e 3 , n H O M y H c n p a B -HHKy, KHH3W C y M 6 a T O B y p,ann 10,000 p y g j i e f i , 3aMecTHTenro nc n p a B -H H K a , JtbH-^KOBy-TapacoBy najin 5,000 pyejieft, THcJmHccKOMy r y 6 e p -H a T o p y 3 n c e p M a H y n o n a p H J i H n a p y B o p o H e K K H x x c e p e 6 u , e B , p b i c a K O B , C T O H M O C T b K ) B 2,000 pyejieft. nocjie S T O T O B J i a c T H c x a j i n flepaaTt C T Q p o H y M e H b i u e H n a p T H H H n o f l n e p x c H B a J i H B C H K y r o HenpaBfly B H X flOHocax. H 3Haio H X 3Jioft y M b i c e J i ; — roBopHJi neTp BacHJibeBHH HenyiiiKe BaHe MaxopTOBy - - e c j i H O H H H 3aBJianewT BceM HMymecTBOM, T O O H O He noH^eT H M B n p o K . £[ naji o6e-maHHe c n y x c H T b Tocnony H p a c n o j r a r a i o c b Ha Ero B O J I K I ; a eCJIH O H H X O T H T C H J I O H O T H H T b HMVlHeCTBO—HX fleJIO, X O T H xcajiKo T p y n a 6e,n.Horo Hapona; H O flnn ,n;yxo6opiieB n p e f l C T O H T 6oJiBiiiHe 3af la iH, K O T o p u e M H coBMecTHo 6 y n e M nenaTB. (CyxopeBa, H C T . flyx., C T p . 68) 4 5 3 T H „6oJiBiiiHe 3 a f l a ^ H " O H npeflBHfleJi B C B O H X nncBMax H3 C C B I J I K H . 26 $eBpaJTH 1887 ro,na, B fleHB noMHHOK JlyKepBH BacHJiB-eBHbi, flyxo6opiiBi co6pajiHCB y ee M o r H J i b i . Kor,na JiHTyprHH K O H -^ H J i a c B , Bee npH6bijiH B C H P O T C K H H J J O M , me OHa xcHJia. JJ J I H Bcex r o T O B H J i c H o6e,n. Ho OKOH^aHHH o6e,o;a, HBaH <E>a,n.eeBH^  MaxopTOB B B i n i e j i npo^ i e c T B „OT^e Ham" H , no cfopMe nyxoSopueB , c f l e j i a T B T P H n o K J i o H a , „OTU.y H CbiHy H C B H T O M y flyxy". n e p B U H n o K J i o H cxteJiajiH Tocnofly Bory 3 a TeKymyio C B O I O > K H 3 H B , B T O P O H I I O K J I O H 3a y n o K o ^ -eHne jayniH JlyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H B i H npHHTHe ee B O iiapcTBHe He6ec-Hoe, H TpeTHH noKJTOH H O 3eivuiH c noMceJiaHHeM n e T p y BacHJiBeBH^y 3aHHMaTB B C H P O T C K H M flOMe MecTo J lyKepBH B a c H J i B e B H B i . Korxna 6OJIBI1IHHCTBO C-UTeJiaJIO TpeTHH nOKJIOH, T y 6 a H O B 3 aHBHJI Ha^iaJIBHHKy s c a H f l a p M O B : „ 3 T O O H H no^iHTaioT BepnrHHa 3a Bora, B03.BMHTeeero, no6bi O H He CMyiuajr y M B i juoxteH". K H H 3 B CyMSaTOB n p H c y T C T B O B a j i Ha S T O M c o d p a H H H . TaK K a K O H 6B I J I nonKynjieH, O H peniHJi coBepuiHTB apecT H noTpe6oBaJi O T IleTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ i a nacnopT. no 3 a r o B o p y , nacnopT y H e r o 6bin noxHineH MapBeft T H X O H O B O H , c J i y a c a H K O H CnpoTCKoro noivia. Korii;a n a c n o p T a H e O K a 3 a j i o c B , C y M 6 a T O B npennoacHJi n e T p y BacnjiB-eBH^iy BbiexaTB c H H M BMecTe B AxaJiKajiaKCKoe ye3flHoe YnpaBJieHHe H J I H paccjieii;oBaHHH BeJia. 06 S T O M rpnropHH BepnrHH nHiueT: nHTB JieT OH npO)KHJI B CHpOTCKOM flOMe, HHKOrfla H H K O T O H e o6HfleB H H H K O M y H e cflejiaB 3 J i a . OTCicma Ha^HHaioTCH M B i T a p c T B a flBaxmaTH-BOCBMH JieTHero K H O I I I H , H H B ^ e M HenoBHHHoro K a K nepen EoroM, TaK H nepefl JIWflBMH, KOTOpbie CTaJIH THaTB e T O paJJjH 3 a B H C T H CBOeH, c TeM yMHcjioM, I T O C H Bee nocTOHHHe nonajio B H X p y K H , flOCTOHHHe, KOTOpOe SblJIO WepTBOnpHHOUieHHeM Bcex jj;yxo6opueB. ( r . BepnrHH, He B CHJie Bor..., CTp. 3 3 - 3 4 . ) 46 rpuropHH BepHTHH flajibine noKa3BiBaeT, n o : CyM6aTOB n p o f l e p x c a J i neTpa BacHJ[BeBH*ia Tpn H H H , noTOM npeflCTaBHJi ero ry6epHaTopy HaKaniHfl3e B E J I H -3 a B e T n o j i B C K e , K O T O P B I H 3anpeTHJi e M y B03BpamaTBCH B C H P O T C K H H H O M B cejie ropenoM, H O no3BOJiHJi, Ha BpeMH, B03BpaTHTBCH B CJiaBHHKy B p O J J H T e J I B C K O H flOM. ( r . BepnrHH, „He B C H J i e Bor C T P . 33-34) PacKOJi Me»cjj;y S O J I B U I O H H M a j i O H napTHHMH yrjry6JiHJicH. BoJiBiuaH qacTB ,n.yxo6opiJ;eB acejiaxia, no6bi neTp BacHJiBeBHa 6bm 3aMecTHTejieM JlyKepBH B C H P O T C K H M flOMe. npoTHBonoJioxcHan C T O -p o H a o6BHHHjra ero B cocTaBJieHHH HapoflHoro B03MymeHHH, a nyxo-B e H C T B O H Ha^axtBCTBO c H X C T o p o H H c^iHTajiH ero 3 a onacHoro n p o n a r a H f l H C T a n p o T H B npaBOCJiaBHH H MHJiHTapH3Ma. n e T p B a C H J T B e B H ^ I B C K O p e SHUI B3HT H3 C e J i a CJiaBHHKH H O T n p a B J i e H B TncJijiHccKyio nepecbiJiBiHyio TiopBMy KaKr-noJiHTHHecKHH nponaraHflHCTa C B O H X Hjj;eH, H C SToro BpeMSHH Ha^HHaiOTCH MbiTap-CTBa HBajmaTH-BocbMH j i eTHe ro I O H O H I H H ero iiiecT Ha,n ,iiaTHJieTHHH » H 3 H B B 3 T a n H b i x nepexo,nax, H3 qapcKHX TiopeM O T ropona TnOJiHca (HbiHeiiiHero T S H J I H C H ) B 3aKaBKa3BH no flajieKOH K O J T B I B ApxaHreJib-C K O H T y 6 e p H H H , Ha Seperax JlenoBHToro oKeaHa. E C J I H onHcaTB Bee HcnbiTaHHH B 3 T H X S T a r i H B i x nepexonax H MyKH TKipeMHblX 3aKJIK)^eHHH H CCBIJIOK, p a C C K a 3 B I KOTOPHX naMHTHbl noiTH Ka»cnoMy H3 ,nyxo6opiJ,eB no cero BpeMeHH, T O nojiy^HJicn 6bi SojiBuiOH T O M HHTepecHOH H Ha3HnaTeJiBHOH, X O T H cTpanHOH H repo-H ^ e c K O H , J i H T e p a T y p b i , o n n c b i B a i o i n H H 3K30THMecKHe O K p a a H b i P O C C H H -C K O H HMnepHH, peflKO o6HTaeMofl H Maxto n p H r o f l H O H H J I H S C H J I B H . Bee S T O neTp BacHJiBeBHa onncuBaeT, KaK 6 B I M C J I B K O M Serjio, B C B O H X riHCBMax, a B caMOM n.ejie O T H K U I B He OTpeKancB O T CBoero CBHTOTO Ha3HSieHH3 H flOJTra K a K H 3 SpaHHfalH pyKOBOflHTeJIB H npH-HTejiB jj;yxo6opueB 6 O J I B U I O H napTHH, K KOMy O H nncaJi. O H TaKxce nepenHCbiBajiCH c J T H ^ I H O C T H M H He,nyxo6opuaMH, B oco6eHHOCTH c J I . H. TOJTCTBIM H C TOJICTOBUaMH . B JIH I^HOM OTCyTCTHH OT BCeX 6paTBeB H flpy3en O H J K H J T C H H M H B jjyxe H B CHJie CBoero pyKOBO-flHTejlBCTBa KOTOpOe 06l>eflHHHJIO H X B flaJlBHeHUIHX npeflnpHHTHHX CBoero HcnoBenaHHH, BKJiio^aH coacsceHHe opyxcnn, nojiHog^oTpe^eHHe ' O T B O H H H I , H nepecejieHHe B KaHany. HyxcHO 3aMeTHTB, n o BJiacTHbie H HeycTynMHBHe OTHoiueHHH npaBHTejiBCTBa K jj;yxo6opuaM, B O BpeMH uapcTBOBaHHH HHKOJian I , B c e r j i a noflflepscHBajiHCB HanexcnoH, n o HeSjiaroTBopHTejTBHBie H J T H »CHTejIBCTBa nOJIOHCeHHH B TJTyXOM H flHKOM 3aKaBKa3Be, B KOHUe KOHUOB, 3 aCTaBHT flyXOSOpUeB OTpeiUHTBCH OT OTCTynHH^ieCTB a OT npaBocjiaBHOH uepKBH H O T HenoBHHOBeHHH caMOflepacaBHOMy npaBH-TeJiBCTBy H B03BpaTHTBCH B n p a B o c j i a B H e H B 3 a K O H H o e rpaacflaHCTBO pyccKoro HacejreHHH, H J T H , coBceM norn6HyTB O T HenjrofloponHOH n o i B H , c y p o B o r o H 6ojre3HeHHoro KJiHMaTa, H H H K H X BOopyxceHHbix 3 a K a B K a 3 C K H X T,y3eMueB. Ho H H Toro H H flpyroro c flyxo6opu;aMH He cjry ^ H J r o c B ; IIpaBH.TeJiBCTBo 6biJio BHHyxcfleHo hpHHTB>, ,^TOoHaB,e»cjjBi-:HaaH3MeHeHHe H X Bepbl H J T H yHHHTOXCeHHH H X B r\nyxoM 3aKaBKa3Be He onpaBnaJTHCB, a Hao6opoT, flyxo6op^ecTBO OKpenjro, ycHJiHJiocb H o6pa30Bajro oco6oe o6mecTBo, eflHHCTBeHHan C B H 3 B K O T O P O T O c rocynapcTBOM Sbijia ynjiaTa noflaTefi. (KecapeBO Ke.capio, MaT$. 22:2.1;.) 06 S T O M CyxopeB T O B O P H T : 48 I l O H B J i e H H e C H J I B H O T O H C T O H K O T O BOJKflH neTpa B a C H J I b — e B H ^ a , 6bmo HeaceJiaTejibHO npaBHTeJibCTBy H n o s T O M y , Bocnojib30BaBiHHCb flyxoeop^iecKHM pacKOJiOM, O H O nocTa-pajiocB H30JiHpoBaTb ero O T jj;yxo6opiJ,eB, H cocnajio ero Ha flaxieKHH ceBep 6e3 KaKOH J I H 6 O B H H M H 6e3 cy,na. 3 a T e M 3TH C p O K H CCblJIKH B C e yEJIHHHJIHCB C T e M , •qToCbi CJiOMHTb flyx ero C H J I B H O H Bepta B 3 a B e T b i X p n c T a . ( H c T o p H H flyxoSopiteB, C T p . 70.) B C e 3TH BbIU]eH3JIO>XeHHbie 3 a n H C H H C T O p H T O C K H X M O M e H T O B xiiyxoSop'yecKoro .nBHxeeHHH BaxHbi, T a K KaK O H H 6pocaioT C B e T Ha TpyflHbie nojioweHHH X C H 3 H H B iiapcKOM H npaBocnaBHOM rocynapcTBe, 3anpemaioineM CBo6o,ny M B I C J I H B noJiHTH'mecKHX pa3MbiinjieHHHX H C B 0 6 0 f l y C O B e C T H B H y X O B H O - H p a B C T B e H H O M p a 3 B H T H H X p H C T H a H C K O H B e p b l . JlHtlHOCTH K O T O p b i e OCMeJIHB a J l H C B 6blTb CB060Jj;OMbICJlHmHMH B n O J I H T H K e HJIH B e p O H C n O B e f l a H H H n e J i a J I H C B p a C K O J I B H H K a M H H O C T P O X C -HHKaMH H ^ a c T o pa3jj;ejiHJiH oflHHaKOByio y ^ a c T B B TiopBMax H ccHJiKax. Ho cypoBbie, n o f l B e p r a w i U H e roHeHHHM B p e M e H a , *iacTO nopo»,naJiH B e J IHKHX H CMeJIblX JIHU., K O T O p b i e HapOflOM n p H H H M a J I H C b 3a p y K O B O J J j H T e j i e H flBHXCeHHH B e f l y i U H X K BOCCTaHOBJieHHB CB060JJbI MblCJIH H C O B e C T H . r iOflOSHbie J IH^ H O C T H B H C T O p H H , H a n p H M e p , SblJIH H H T y c , M a p T H H JIioTep, J leB H. T O J I C T O H , M o x a H r i . a c FaHRH H flpyrne. Bo MHoroM, neTp B a c H J i B e B H a B e p H T H H 6bui c x o f l C T B e H c H H M H n o xapaKTepy, CMejiocTH, C T O H K O C T H H caMooTBepweHHocTH, 3a M T O H O H nocTpa,naji He M e H b n i e H X . B e p H T H H H e 6bui jiH^HbiM pyKOBoflHTeJieM flyxo6op^iecKoro o 6 m e c T B a . O H 6biJi B O T c y T C T B H H , — n o C M e p T H J l y K e p b H K a j i M H K O B O H OH 6bIJI COCJiaH H H a X O f l H J I C H , B n p O f l O J U K e H H H 16 J i e T , B C K H T a J I B -^ e c T B e n o T w p b M a M , S T a n a M H c c u j i K a M B o T , n a j i e H H b i x , c y p o B U X H Heo6HTaeMbix MecTHocTnx Ha ceBepHbix oKpaHHax pyccKOH HMnepiiH. Ho 3arjia3HO, nocpeflCTBOM nnceM nocJiaHHbix no n o n e noii; nceB,no-H H M O M H J I H ycTHBix HacTaBJieHHH nepe,naHHbix ^epe3 noceTHTejien, O H 6B I J I, HecoMHeHHO, jjyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHBiM p y K O B O f l H T e J i e M flyxo6op-MecKoK o6mHHbit 60JIBHIOH napTHH, 3a H H M nocJieflOBaBiueH, B 3aKaBKa3Be. 50 I I I COTPyflHHKH B JIHTEPATYPE , COTPyflHHKH B flEHTEJIBHOCTH H COy^ACTHHKH B HflEHHOCTH IIETPA B. BEPHrHHA Ilofl H f l e H H O C T b i o BepnrHHa Mbi no,npa3yMeBaeM ero HfleajiorHio T e c H O CBH3aHHyio c ero M H P O B O S 3 p e H n e M . Ero coTpynHHKaMH M H npHHHMaeM T e J I H M H O C T H , K O T o p u e c o 3 e p i i a j i H H J I H no3HaBaJiH B ce6e M H p O B 0 3 3 p e H H e 6jIH3KOe HJIH nOH06HOe MHpOBO3 3peHHI0 BepnrHHa. KaK BepnrHH TaK H ero coTpynHHKH pa3flejiHJiH OHHHaKOBoe j j ; y x o B H o ; - t H p a B C T B e H H o e MHpoB033peHHe, X O T H KaacflbiH B H H C H H J I S T O n o C B O e H C n O C O S H O C T H H n p e e M C T B e H H O C T H . n o 6bIJIO B C e M C B O H C T -B e H H O , S T O 6bino T O , n o O H H B e e C T a p a j i H C B H3o6pa3HTb B ce6e jnyxoBHO -HpaBCTBeHHoe M H p o B 0 3 3 p e H H e no n p e e M C T B y O T noyieHHH, H no npHMepy, Hncyca XpncTa. IIpencTaBHM 3flecB HeKOTopHX, H3 C a M b l X BblflaiOIUHXCH, C O T p y f l H H K O B H C n O f l B H W H H K O B B e p H T H H a : 1) JleB HHKOJiaeBH^: T O J I C T O H . no xynoacecTBy H e MoaceM CpaBHHBaTb T O J I C T O T O H BepHTHHa. I lepBblH 6bIJI BeJIHKHH xynoacHHK j i H T e p a T y p b i , a B T O P O H nncaji 6e3bicKycTBeHHO. Ho xynoxcecTBO c j iyacHT JiHiii'B c n o c o S o M H J I H CTHJieM JiHTepaTypbi, a H e npe/jMeTOM n o y i e H H H . JJyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHbie I I O H H T H H H noy^ieHHH T O J I C T O T O H BepnrHHa, KOTOpbie O H H BocnpHHHJiH H3 n o y i e K H f i H npHMepa Hncyca XpncTa, 6 B I J I H 3aMe*iaTeJibHO cxoxtcTBeHHbi. IlosTOMy O H H MorjiH ^gjjT^H c o T p y f l H H K S M H O H H H j j p y r o M y . BepnrHH, pyKOBOflHTejiB xtyxoSopueB, 6 H J I npenaH noy^ e H H i o XpncTa H n p H M e H H J i S T O noy^ieHHe H a npaKTHKe, KaK B CBoen H C H 3 H H , TaK H , no ero c o B e t y , B > K H 3 H H ero n o c j i e f l O B a T e j i e n . T a K o e npuMeHeHne noy^ e H H f t X p H C T a Ha n p a K T H K e uuio B p a 3 p e 3 c ycTaHOBjieHHbiMH H y3aKOHeHHbiMH nocTa-HOBjreHHHMH p y c c K o r o caMonepxcaBHH H npaBocjiaBHoro flyxoBeHCTBa, K O T o p b i e He noacejiajiH, a MosceT S B I T B H He M O T J T H , ocTaHOBHTB „ p a c K O J i B H H^ecKyio" n p a K T H K y B e p n r H H a n p y r - H M cnoco6oM, K p o M e TIOpeMHBIX 3aKJTK)MeHHH H CCblJIOK B OTflaJieHHbie O K p a H H b l HMnepHH. T O J I C T O H se, B C B O K ) o^epe,n.B, H 3 o 6 p a)Kaji C B O B npeflaHHOCTB K T e M xce caMBiM flyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHHM noy^eHHHM Hncyca XpHCTa, H O nepeflaBaa H X nncBMeHHo H H,neHHO-xy,n;o»cecTBeHHO B oiHTepaType. TaKHM cnoco6oM O H M O T pacnpocTpaHHTB S T O B 6ojree O 6 U I H P H O M M a c i u T a 6 e , K K a K B pyccKOM rocynapcTBe, TaK H 3a rpaHHiieft. O H 6HIJT MHPOBBIM XyflOaCHHKOM J T H T e p a T y p b l H H B T O XCe C a M O e B p e M H MHpOBBIM (flHJTOCOOOM flyXOBHO- H p a B C T B e H H b l X n o y i e H H H X p H C T a . Co 3 HaTeJTBHO H H e C O 3 H a T e J T B H O OH CTaJT C O T p y f l H H K O M H CnOflBHXCHHKOM n e T p a B a c H J T B e B H ^ a B e p n r a H a , — T a K K a K H ero noy^eHHH I U J I H B p a 3 p e 3 c y c T a H O B J i e H H B i M H n o c T a H O B j r e H H H M H p y c c K o r o caMOflepxcaBHH H n p a B O -C J r a B H o r o n y x o B e H C T B a . KaKHM xce cnoco6oM M O T T O J I C T O H H 3 6excaTB noflo6HHix roHeHHH HCnblTaHHblX BepHTHHbIM, KaK H a n p H M e p ! TKipeMHblX 3 aKJIIO^ieHHH H C C H I J I O K n o 3Tany B O T n a j i e H H b i e , H e o S H T a e M t a e OKpanH B I pyccKOH HMnepHH? H e c o M H e H H O 6B I J T H HeKOTopue neHCTBeHHHe $aKTopH, KOTopne cnacjTH ero O T n o j j o S H O H y ^ a c T H : B o n e p B b i x , O H npoHcxonnji H 3 BHcmero r p a $ C K o r o C O C J T O B H H , ^ T O H, B ^aCTHOCTH, flaBaJTO eMy COCJIOBHyK) HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTB f B O - B T O P H X , OH 6bIJI B C e M H p H O — H 3 B e C T H b l H n H C a T e J T B - X y H O X C H H K 52 peaJTHCTH^ecKHX poiviaHOB, KaK „BofiHa H M H P " , ,, A H Ha KapeHHHa", „BocKpeceHHe" H pp., KOTopue najin eMy BceMnpHyio H 3 B G C T H O C T B H npeHMymecTBO. npecjie ,noBaHHe ero KaKon 6BI T O H H 6bmo BJiacTBio BH3BaJIO-6bI BCeMHpHyK) KpHTHKy. B-TpeTBHX, eTO Cf)HJTOCO(|)CKHe H3Jio>KeHHH .nyxoBHo-HpaBCTBeHHbix noy^eHHH Hncyca XpHCTa B npoH3Be,n,eHHHX / HanpHMep: ..BocKpeceHne" , „HcnoBeflB" , „BJiacTb TbMbi", ocoSeHHO „IJ,apcTBO BoxHe BHyTpH Bac" H HP., no MOpaJIb-HOMy COflepWaHHK) 6bIJTH CXO,nCTBeHHbI C 6e3MCKyCTBeHHO H3JIO>KeHHbIMH noy^eHHHMH Hncyca XpncTa B nHCbMax BepnrnHa. CneflOBaTejibHO, Bee 3 T H Bbiiue yKa3aHHbie npoH3BejjeHHH, K a K BepnrnHa TaK H T O J I -CTOTO IUJIH CXOflCTBeHHO Bpa3pe3 C y 3 aKOHeH HHMH nOCTaHOBJieHHKMH caMonepwaBHH H nyxoBeHCTBa, nocTaBHJin H X (BepnrHHa H T O J I C T O T O ) B COBCeM HeCXOHCTBeHHbie nocjiencTBHH. CaMOflepxcaBHan BJiacTb,—noone coMeHHH ,nyxo6opLi,aMH opyacHH nop. pyKOBOflHTejiBCTBOM BepnrHHa—He Morjia ocTaHOBHTB flyxoeop^ecKoe flBnxceHne non pyKOBOHHTejibCTBOM BepHrnHa, npyrsiM cnoco6oM, KpoMe TiopeMHtax 3aKJiio*ieHHH H ccbijioK H J I H Tex, KOTOpbie HaXOJ-JHJIHCB B 3TOM flBHKeHHH H OTKa3aJlHCB nOBHHOBaTBCH BJiaCTH , Korfla OHa noBejieBaJia H M nocTynaTB npoTHB noy^eHHH Hncyca XpHCTa. B 3TOM flBHKeHHH TOJICTOH nOKa3bIBajI MOpaJIBHOe H aKTHB-Hoe B03r;eHCTBHe. 06 S T O M n. H. BnpioKOB, caM TOJicTOBen,, nHiueT: T O J I C T O H , pafloCTHo nopaweHHbin H 3 B e c T n e M o coraeHHH opyxtHH H o BceM flBnweHHH jj;yxo6opij,eB Ha KaBKa3e, nopy^nji MHe nccjiextoBaTB S T O neJio. H noexaji T y n a , co6paji Bee CBe,neHHH o coBepwnBiueMCH H BnepBbie BbiBe3eHHbin M H O K ) MaTepnaji ( B 3arpaHHii,y) , 6bin Hane-l a i a H B AHTjinncKon r a 3 e T e „TaHMc", c nocnecjioBneM TojicToro. K TojiCTOMy npncoejJiHHHJiHCb K B a K e p u n 6 H J I O opraHn3 0 BaHo nepecejieHHe. 53 no^eMy, KaK T O B O P H T B H P K I K O B : „ B b i B e 3 e H H b j H M H O I O MaTepnajr B AHrjiHio" H Hane^iaTaH TaM?—noTOMy n o 3anpemaJiH pacnpocTpa-HeHHe B POCCHH KaKHX 6bl TO HH 6blJIO CBefleHHH O TOM, KaK Ha^aJibCTBO nocTynajio c ,nvxo6opij,aMH. 3 T O T 3anpeT npoTHB TOJTCTOrO H TOJTCTOBH.eB , KOTOpbie UIJIH B p a 3 p e 3 C CaMOflepJKaBHeM H nyxoBeHCTBOM, flaJiBiae noflTBepxcflaeTCH TeM xce TOJicTOBueM, BnpiOKOBbiM: Ha CBHflaHHH c npyroM T O J I C T O T O EBreHHeM HBaHOBHMeM nonOBEJM B MOCKOBCKOH 6yTfaipCKOH nepeCblJIb HOH TWpbMe neTp BacHJiBeBHa y3Haji, n o y Hero ecTb M o r y ^ H H copaTHHK no SoxcbeMy nejiy JleB HHKOJiaeBHM T O J I C T O H . O H npo^eji „IIapcTBo Eoxcne BHyTpn Bac", nepeflaHHoe eMy J I B B O M HHKOJiaeBH^eM H C Tex nop Ha^ajiHCB y H H X nHCBMeHHbie CHOUieHHH. [0 nHCBMeHHblX CHOIIieHHHX T O J I C T O T O c BepnrHHbiM—B qeTBepTOH ^acTH HauieH B H C -cepTan.HH, II IlHCBMa neTpa BacHJibeBH^ia BepurHHa" . ] (IlHTaTbi: C M . npeflHC. „He B cHJie Bor", C T P . 14.) CnejiaeM 3n;ecB 3aMe^aHHe, n o „L],apcTBO EoKHe BHyTpn Bac" H Macca npyrnx C O I H H S H H H HanHcaHHbix T O J I C T H M nocjie 1881 rofla, HanpHMep: „BJiacTB T B M H " , „CMepTb HBaHa HjibH^a", „H3Jio-xceHHe EBaHreJiHH", „BocKpeceHHe", „Xa,nxcH MypaT", H MHoro flpyrnx, KOTopbie 6biJiH 3anncaHbi BjianHMHpoM ^epTKOBHM non; W 70 „noJiHoe coSpaHHe C C I H He H H H J I . H. T O J I C T O T O , — 3anpetneHHbix pyccKOH u,eH3ypoH". 3 T O nocnyxcHT H B M 3a O T B e T — X O T B ^acTH^HO --Ha Bbiuie nocTaBJieHHbiH HaMH Bonpoc: „KaKHM xce cnocoSoM M O T T O J I C T O H H36excaTB noflo6Hbix roHeHHH HcnbiTaHHtax BepnrHHHM?" T O J I C T O H He npen.BHn.eJi H He npenno^HTan TaKoro cnoco6a. CaMO-AepxcaBHaH n.eH3ypa Hauuia cnoco6: ocTaBHBUJH T O J I C T O T O „jj;HnJioMa-THiecKH" J I H ^ H O HenpHKOCHOBeHHMM, O H O 3anpeTHJio eMy onySJiHKO-BblB aTB H paCnpOCTpaHHTb B POCCHH ero flyXOBHO-HpaBCTBeHHOe TBop^iecTBO H TaKHM o6pa30M BHCJiajio S T O TBopiecTBO 3a npe,nejibi P O C C H H . B Hyxe HCKpeHHero caMoco3HaHHH, T O J I C T O H BbinpauiHBaJi npomeHHH y Tex nyxoSopueB, K O T O P H X ero CJioBa H noy^ieHHH noBejiH K CTpaflaHHHM, Kor.na O H caM He ynocTOHJicH nocTpajjaTB 3a X P H C T O B O flejio: E C J I H T e , — O H roBopHT—KOTopbie caMH cTpaflawT 3a X P H C T O B O flejio, npocHUH npomeHHH y Tex, KOTopbie He BbuiepscajiH roHeHHH 3a Te cTpajjaHHH, KOTopbie O H H noHecjiH no npHMepy H Hay^eHHio 6paTbeB, T O KaK see MHe, HeynocTOHBineMycH npcTpajj;aTB 3a X P H C T O B O flejio, Haflo BbinpaiiiHBaTB npomeHHH y Tex, K O T O M O H onoBa H nncaHHH noBejiH K CTpaflaHHHM? (CyxopeBa „ H C T . flyx.", C T P . 1 0 8 . ) He B xynoxcecTBe, B K O T O P Q M T O J I C T O H 6bijr HCKJiio^HTeJiBHO H cBoeo6pa3Ho BbwejieH, a B flyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHOM npeeMCTBe Hncyca XpHCTa, O H 6B I J I coTpyflHHKOM H cnonBHJKHHKOM neTpa BacHJibeBH^ia BepnrHHa. 3 T O najiee 6y,neT B H B H O B „nncBMax" BepHTHHa. 2) . rpnropHH BacHJi&eBH^: BepnrHH, P C I I H O H H MJianiiiHH 6paT neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a. B CBoeM coipyflHHMecTBe O H HanncaJi 06 S T O M B CBoefl KHHre: ;, nHe B CHJie Bor, a B npaBne". 3Ta KHHra Stajia nocBHmeHa neTpy BacHJiBeBH^iy, KaK „nepBOMy ^eJiOBeKy Hamero BpeMeHH", ero X C H 3 H H , ero 1 6 - T H jieTHeMy cTpaaaHHio B TiopBMax H ccujiKax H ero Tpar^ec^OHAasffipTH ffl BpHTaHCKOH K O J I Y M 6 H H , B KaHan;e. 06 3 T O H KHHre, o ee aBTope H O ero coTpynHH^ecTBe B pyKOBO-HHTejiBCTBe CBoero 6paTa, nnmeT B n p e n n G J T Q B H H TOJiCTOBeu; naBexi HBaHOBHi E H P K J K O B : TeMa 3TOH K H H r a—Bepa B no6en;y 3Jia no6poM H noJiHoe OTpnuaHHe HacHJiHH—npeKpacHO pa3pa6oTaHa B 55 6e3HCKyccTBeHHOM, n o p o i o TporaiomeM p,o ane3, n o p o i o yMHJiHioineM paccKa3e o J I K U X H X , KOTopue c M e J i o I T P O H B H J I H 3Ty B e p y .nejiaMH, He no6oncB H H K a K O H xecTOKOCTH: H H j i H i n e H H H CBoero HMymecTBa, H H pa3JiyKH c ropn^io J I I O 6 H -M B I M H H JHOSHIOHMH POnHblMH , H H TKJpeM, H H HHCH,HTIJIHHap-H B I X 6aTaJiBOHOB c H X r j i y M J i e H H e M H a j j ; J i ioflbMH, C H X 3BepHHOH H3fleBaTeJlBCKOH X C e C T O K O C T B K ) . (IlaBeJT H . B H P K 5 K O B ; > ) n p e n H C J i O B H e K „He B C H J i e Bor..." r . BepnrHHa", C T p . 10) 3Ta . K H H r a o n H C B i B a e T flBe C T O P O H U : oflHa C T o p o H a - - 3 T O n p a B H T e J i H r o c y n a p c x B a H HcnoJiHHTeJiH H X B O J I H , . n p y r a n C T o p o H a - -S T O 6e3rpaMOTHbie M y a c H K H , 3eivuiejj;eJiBLi;Bi, BCTpe*iaioiii.He co C I I O K O H -H O H nyiiiOH H .naace panocTHbiM q y B C T B O M , C T p a f l a H H H H C M e p T b . A B M e d e c H H M H n p e K J i o H H e T C H nepefl O H H O H H T O H ace H,neeH H e n p o -T H B J i e H H H 3Jiy HacHJiHeM M H P O B O H r e H H H T O J I C T O H . . . . H nyxoeopubi, cjj;ejiaBiiiH T O , * I T O H H K T O RO H H X He Bep3aJi flejiaTb, H T O J I C T O H H a Becb M H P npH3biBaBuiHH jiiozteH C B O H M M o r y ^ H M napoM C J i O B a c J i e n o B a T B S T O H HCTHHe, He cKa3ajiH HHiero H O B O T O . . . ( T a M ace, C T P . 11) H H i e r o H e C K as a J I H H O B O E O , , no.TOMy HTO S T O SbiJio CKa3aHo jj;Be T H C H ^ H JieT T O M y Ha3an, K o r f l a B najiecTHHe I I O H B H J I C H K a K o f l -T O CblH nJIOTHHKa H CTaJI a C H T b B T e C H O M 0 6 l H e H H H C H a p O f l O M , ^yjj;e'cHbiM cpe j j ; c T B O M - - T O e c T b , J I I O S O B B I O HcaeJinn e r o nymeBHHe H H p a B C T B e H H u e H e f l y r a a c n 3 H H H B03BemaH C J I O B O M H neJioM H O B H H 3 a K O H . O H B3BOJiHOBaJi r j i y S H H O H C B o e H npaBflbi cepniia I I O H H B I I I H X e r o y u e H H e , K O T o p o e 6buio o i e H b n p o c T O : H e H a f l o ^ e J i o B e K y j j e j i a T B H a c H J i H H HBR tieJioBeKOM. 3 T O y^ieHHe I I O H H J I H H 3anoMHHJIH jj;yxo6opiJ,bi. „ CyillHOCTB 3TOrO y^eHHH B p e M H O T Bp.eMeHH BCUHXHBaeT B ^ e j i O B e K e H e r o HHieM HejiB3H 3 a T y u i H T b ,— O H O HOJiacHo B O C T o p a c e c T -B O B a T B . ,Bce M H H y e T — n p a B , n a ocTaHeTCH'". (TaM ace, C T p . 11.) Hiieajr neTpa BacHJibeBH^ia 6 H J I T O T >Ke HneaJi T O J I C T O T O . 06a n p i i 3 H 3 B a j i H H BepHJiH, n o y^ieHHe X p H C T a B O J D K H O c n a c T H MHp . n o s T O M y 6 B I J I O Hy>KHo: H e c o 3 j j ; a H H e B e j i H K O J i e n H b i x x p a M O B H n o 3 0 -Jio^eHbix H K O H , H e K y p e H n e $ H M H a M a H C J T O X C H O H opraHH3au,HH CB>imeHHOcJiy>KaTeJieH, a H y x c H O T O J T B K O I T O H H T B H n p H H H T B KaxcnoMy ^ e j i o B e n y Ero yqeHHe TaK, K a n O H caM Bbipa3Hji e r o Hapony: 3anoBeflb HOByio naio BaM: na JiK>6HTe n p y r .npyra, KaK H B O 3 J T K ) 6 H J T Bac, TaK H B B I na jrio6HTe npyr npyra. Bbi cJTbiuiajTH, n o C K a 3 a H O : O K O 3 a O K O H 3y6 3a 3y6, a H BaM r o B o p i o : H e n p o T H B b T e c b 3JTOMy H K T O ynapHT Te6n B n p a B y i o meKy, o6paTH K HeMy H flpyryw. ( E B . O T HoaH. 1 3 : 3 4 ; O T MaT, 5 : 3 8 . ) Bbijio H ecTB M H O T O Jnojj;eH, HcnoBen.yK)mHX S T O y i e H H e . Ho 3HaMeHaTeJTBHO T O , n o c p e n n nyxo6opu,eB, oco6eHHO non P Y K O B O -H H T e j T B C T B O M B e p H T H H a , O H O BnepBue 6bIJTO n p O H B J i e H O MaCCOH B H e C K O J T b K O TblCHM M e J T O B e K , K p e C T b H H C K O H M 3 C C O H , p O X C n a i O I H e H C H H yMHpawmeH 3 a C B O H M njryroM, 3a C B o e n noBceflHeBHOH pa6oTOH, r,ne 6 H O H H H H HaxonHJTHCb. O H H X C H J T H T a K H X C H B Y T T a K no c e r o BpeMeHH. npaBjj;a, 6biJTH H ecTb OTnaneHHH, H O B ,nyxo6op^ecKOM noyieHHH HeT H3MeHeHHH. B K H H r e : „He B CHJie Bor, a B n p a B n e " , r p n r o p H H B e p n r H H p e a j i H C T H ^ e c K H o n n c b i B a e T B C B H C T O P H I O jayxo6op ^ e c K o r o nBHxeeHHH co B p e M e H p y K O B O f l H T e j T b C T B a J l y K e p B H K a j i M b i K O B O H B 3 a K a B K a 3 b e c 1 8 8 6 rofla no c a M o r o n e p e c e j r e H H H jj;yxo6opii.eB B K a H a,ny B K O H u e 1 9 B e K a H no c M e p T H T a M n e T p a B a c n j i o e B H ^ a B e p n r H H a , B 1 9 2 4 T . K O M y O H , K a K JIK)6HMbIH H JTK)6HmHH e T O 6paT, C O T p y j J [ H H K H C n O f l B H X H H K , nOCBHTHJT 3Ty K H H T y . 3) naBeji HBaHOBHi B H P I O K O B 6B I J I coTpynHHKOM T O J I C T O T O , a T O J I C T O H OTpeKOMeHflOBaJi ero B coTpynHHKH H IleTpy BacHJieBH^y BepnrHHy. Korfia flouura no T O J I C T O T O BecTB o coxcxceHHH ,nyxo6op-u,aMH opyxcHH,— a S T O 6H I J T O no coBeTy BepnrHHa,—H O xcecTOKOCTH Hafl H H M H n p a B H T e j i b C T B a , T O J I C T O H nopy^HJi IlaBJiy H. EnpioKOBy Cbe3nHTB Ha KaBKas H pa3y3HaTB Bee KaK S B I J I O neJio. B H P I O K O B pa3BicKaji H noBHflaJicH TaM c .nyxoSopnaMH, nojjpo6Ho pa3y3Haji 060 BceM npoHciuenuiHM, H y6eflHJicH 06 H X 6e3BBixonHOM nonoxceHHH. B o 3 B p a T H C b OTTyfla, O H H a n H c a n B033BaHHe „IIOMOrHTE!", ojj;o6peH-Hoe J I B B O M HHKOJiaeBHtieM. Ilofl BO33BaHHeM TaK xce noflnHcaJiHCB H BJiaflHMHp ^epTKOB, HBaH MHxaHJiOBH^; TperySoB H IlaBeJi H. B H P W K O B —Bee T O J T C T O B U B I . Bo33BaHHe S T O 6bijio pa3ocjiaHo napio AJieK-caHflpy I I I H BceM C T O H W H M 6 J I H 3 K O y BJiacTH. 3a S T O ^lepTKOBa BucjiaxiH 3arpaHHny, a Tpery6oBa H EnpioKOBa cocjrajiH Ha n a T t JieT B npHSaJiTHHCKHH roponoK, H O ^epe3 roil EnpiOKOBa Toxce BUcjiaJiH 3arpaHHuy. 0 nepenncKe BepnrHHa c E H P I O K O B B I M H Enpio-KOBa c flyxoSopuaMH H TojiCToro c B e p n r n H H M M U npeflCTaBHM B 11 IlHCBMax11 jjByx noonenHHX. 4) HBaH E B c e e B H ^ K O H K H H , 6 B I J I xceHaT; HaneecT-perneTpa BaCHJIbeBH^ia, TpyHe, H KaK 6JTH3KHH pOXtCTBeHHHK H CHJlbHeHIUHH C T O P O H H H K ii;yxo6op^ecTBa, noceTHJi neTpa BacHJiBeBH^ia B ccujiKe 189 3 r . 3 T O nocemeHHe 6B I J I O BbinonHeHO c BejiHKHM TpynpM H 60JIBU10H xteHexcHOH C T O H M O C T B I O , TaK KaK nacnopTOB ,nyxo6opn,aM 6e3 noflaTKOB O 6 B I K H O B e H H O He BbinaBajiocB - EMy neTp BacHJiBeBH^i nepeflaBaJi nopyieHHe, KOTOpoe O H coBeTOBaJi nyxo6opu,aM BbinojiHHTB a) B Hanie BpeMH n p H M O H . n o j i r npeflCTOHT BceM ,nyxo6opiiaM O C B O 6 O , I I H T B , K a K ce6H, a P O B H O H noTOM-CTBO CBOe O T M H J I H T a p H 3 M a , TO eCTB H e H T T H B cojiflaTH. 06 3 T O M Bonpoce, H o6emaJiCH npHBecTH ero B HcnojiHeHHe. . . ( r . B e p n r H H , „He B CHJie Bor.. . C T p . 5 6) A T a r a e ynoTpe6jreHHe c n n p T H b i x H a n H T K O B , aJiKoroxiH H KypeHHe TaSaKy. Benb S T O . He T O J I B K O H e C B O H C T B e H H o x p H C T H a H a M y n o T p e d J i H T B 3 T H B e m e c T B a B C B O H opraHH3M, H O S T O .neJtaTB .naace H e n p H c y u i e H B C H K O M y Heco3HaTeiiBHOMy ^iexioBeKy, K O T O P H H He npn-3 H a e T H p a B C T B e H H o r o 3 a K O H a , H O K O T O P H H B e e ace HOJiaceH npH3HaBaTB H noHHMaTB B p e f l n p n ^ i H H H S M B I H ero TeJiy. A 6y,ny^H . . . X P H C T H 3 H H H O M . . . T O S T O T O fleJiaTB H H B KaKOM c j iy-yae H e j i b 3 H , n o T O M y S T K M * i e j i o -BeK r j e j i a e T Bperj; ce6e c a M O M y . . . npejiKH HauiH 3Toro He y n o T p e S x i H J i H , a M B I n o c T e n e H H O noHeMHory BBejiH S T O B rrpHBbi^iKy, a MnpHBbniKa K x y r i . O M y — o n a c H e e axoro H e T " A Mbi, n O T O M K H HX, He T O J I B K O CTaJIH onacaTBca S T O H n p H B H M K H , H O BBejiH .naace B o6biMaft H nocTaBHJiH e e H a BHcoKoe MecTo, npn Tpanese nHtt iH. HyacHO 6bi Ha ^ H H a T B c xjie6acoJiH, a M B I Ha^HHaeM c S T O T O Hjj,y, BbiriHTb n o p t O M o ^ K e , no6bi BO36yjj|HTB a n n e T H T , a n o T O M erne, H Tpane3a eme H e O T O i u j i a , B e e y a c e I I L H H H , K O T O p b l M „ M O p e C T a H O B H T C H nO K O J i e H O " H HM MOaCHO neJiaTB B C H K i i e 6e3o6pa3HH. [ T . e . , c T O T K H 3peHHH HyxoBH O -HpaBCTBeHHoro noyneHHH S T O cocTaBJineT p e r p e c c H a n y T H ,nyxo6op* iecKoro .nBHaceHHH. ] (TaM ace, C T P . 58-59f.) B ) A TaKace n o p y ^ a i o Te6e, K O H K H H , .aoBeflH no cBefleHHH Bbiciuero H a - q a j i b C T B a , B n j i O T B no M H H H C T P O B , H a i H H a n c n p n c T a B O B , Bee H X He3aKOHHbie n o c T y n K H , ^ C H H H M b i e Han H a M H . Te6e B e f l b x o p o m o H S B e c T H o , n o MeHH COCJiaJIH TOJIbKO *iepe3 B3HTKH, fleHBTH . HaflO M H O H B e r j ; b HHKaKoro cyfla He npoH3Borj;HJiocb, noTOMy n o He 3a n o 6 H J I O H H He n o f l j i e a c y cy,ny, a n o c j i e M e H H H Bac Bcex npHTecHHioT BbicniHe n p a B H T e x i b C T B a . H a n p H M e p o n a c n o p T a x . Korria B H xoTej iH OTJiyqnTBCH no nejiy X O S H H C T B a H BaM He pa3peniHJiocb n a c n o p T a , H O Korfla B H BMecTO oflHoro py6jin copoK I I H T B K o n e e K — 3aKOHHan u,eHa--,naBJiH n H T B R e c H T H J I H C T O py6jieH, BaM naBajiH nacnopTa. 3a TaKoft n a c n o p T - - ( K O MHe B 0 6 f l o p c K ) — T H y n j i a T H J i 200 p y 6 j i e H--pa3Be S T O 3 a K O H ? HyacHO S T O H O B G C T H no c B e f l e H H H M H H H C T P O B . . . npaBxiy r o B o p n , H e c i e c H H H C H H He 6 O H C H HHiero, S T H M Tbi 6ojibuie pa3o6jia^Huib H X HenpaBr iy , H MHorne j i i o r i H jjaace noftMyT H C K a a c y T Te6e, n o K O H K H H c T p a -flaeT 3a H C T H H y , BeflB 3a H C T H H y H e K a w f l b i H MoaceT 59 C T p a f l a T b , a T O J I B K O M y a c e c T B e H H b i H H JiK>6HtJiHH e e . (TaM w e , C T P . 62.) K O H K H H oS-bexaji Bee nyxoeop^ecKHe cej ia , p a 3 H o c n B c i o n y BecTB o npeflJiosceHHHX neTpa BacHJiBeBHJia. H l a K a n c H J i a y6eac-fleHHH 6buia B e r o nepe ,na*ie , n o Bee, cJiymaBiiiHe e r o , c p a x j ; o -C T B K ) H c 60JIBLUHM yMHJieHHeM peuiajiHCB HcnojiHKTB B e e coBera BepnrHHa. nocjie 3 T o r o , — n o CJiOBaM rpnropHH BepnrHHa—nyxo6opLiH peuiHJiH coBceM ocTaBHTB iiHTB B O f l K y H K y p H T B Ta6aK , K a K H e H y x c -H b i e H Bperj,Hbie flBe n p H B b m K H . TaKHe n p H B b r q K H S B I J I H 6ojiee ycBoeHbi cTapniKaMH, K O T O P B I M O T^acTH TpyriHo npHiujiocB ncKope-H H T B H X ? H O B C e T a K H flyXOSOpiIBI M y X C e C T B e H H O 3 T O c n e J i a j i n . B c K o p e nocjie B T O T O , K O H K H H H a n n c a J i pa3BHCHHTeJiBHoe n n c B M O M H H H C T p y BHyTpeHHHX rieji, B K O T O P O M H 3 J I O ) K H J I Bee nofl-P O S H O o B S H T K a x 3 a nacnopTa H O .npyrnx nocTynKax H O T n p a B H J i e r o n o n o n e . nocjie H e K O T o p o r o B p e M e H H M H H H C T P n p e n n H C H B a e T EJIH3aBeTnoJiBCKOMy ry6epHaTopy H e M e f t n e H H O a p e c T O B a T B K O H K H H 3 H n O C a f l H T B B T I O p B M y . nOTOM e T O BBI3BIB aHDT B M e C T H y K ) a f l M H H H -CTpaiiHio n o n p H K a 3aHHio y e 3 n ; H o r o H c n p a BHHKa, K O T O P B I H caM ace 6 H J I 3aMeLH'aH'B S T O M riejie. rpnropHH BepnrnH onncbiBaeT rinajior Honpoca: HcnpaB HHK B H ^ H T B l B a e T K O H K H H y e T O n H C B M O K M H H H -C T p y H cnpaiiiHBaeT: „ 3 T O T B I nHcaJi?" K O H K H H oTBeiaeT: „ f l a , H nHcaji". — „H MOxceniB eme n o r r T B e p x x H T B o i e M n n c a j i ? "— „ C y y r j p B O J i B C T B H e M noflTBepacnaio, n o Bee 3flecB H a n n c a H H o e M H O B — c y m a n n p a B r i a . TaKOMy-TO C T O J I B K O flaJI, T O M y-TO C T O J I B K O , a BaM B O T C T O J I B K O - T O J-iaJI, noMHHTe, H J I H M o a e T H 06 S T O M eme 6yjj,eTe c n p a B K H HaBoxiHTB?11 H c n p a B H H K y 6B I J I O 6oJiBme Heiero xiejiaTB, O H 6oJiBme He C T a n .nonpaniHBaTB, S T O S B I J I O 6BI K p a f l H e 60 SeccoBecTHo c e r o C T O P O H B I H O H Ha^aji npenjiaraTB KoHKHHy C B O H coBeT. „ f l c o B e T y w Te6e, K O H K H H , Jiy^niie B c e r o o T K a a c H C B O T S T O T O n H C B M a H Te6e S y n e T Jiy^uie, Te6n B C K O P O M B p e M e H H O C B O 6 O J J ; H T H3 T K J P B M U H T U 6yfleiiiB Ha cBo6o,ne, a ecjiH T B I S y n e u i B n o f l i B e p -K f l a T B cBoe I I H C B M O , T O Te6n MoryT c o c j i a T B jjaace naJiBiiie, Kyfla cocjiaJiH n e T p a BepHr-HHa". K O H K H H O T -Ka3ajicH O T e r o n p e n J i o a c e H H H H HacTaHBaji H a CBoeM. ( T . B e p n r H H , T a M ace, C T p . 6 6.) CaM rpnropHH B e p n r H H npH6aBJineT K 3TOMy n n a j i o r y nonon-HeHHe H3 H C T O p H H , K O T O p y K ) O H C a M nepeaCHBaJI C C B O H C T B e H H b I M e M y l y B C T B O M : nocj ie 3Toro e r o n p o n e p a c a j i H B T i o p B M e erne nBa M e c H u ; a H BbicjiajiH no 3Tany a n M H H H C T p a T H B H U M n o p n f l K O M Ha n H T B J i e T B A p x a H r e j i b C K y i o ry6epHHK), B ropojj; MeaeHb. 3 T O 6 U J I O 1 8 9 4 r o f l a 2 0 - r o ceHTH6pn. H T a K K O H K H H 3a cnpaBenjiHBOCTB HeceT nHTHJieTHee H a K a 3 a H H e , y n a j i e H H e O T P O D H H U H O T p o n H u x . B O T n o TBopHTca H a S e J i o M CBeTe H B EoacBeM M H p e . r n e ace npaBna, r n e ace cnpaBenjiHBocTB? npaBna c T p a n a e T , c n p a B e n J i H B O C T B HeceT KaHnaxtu, a JioacB T o p a c e c T B y e T . KaK ace T o r n , a B o6meM. J I I O J J [ H M 6yn .eT X C H T B C H x o p o m o . ( T a M ace.) T a K o e pa3o^apoBaHHe H c n u T U B a e T H naBexi H B a H O B H i B H P I O K O B : HBaH K O H K H H 6 U J I a p e c T O B a H H cocnaH B Me3eHB H o c B o S o n H J i c H H3 C C U J I K H y a c e n o c j i e neTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ i a B 1 9 0 3 r . B K a H a f l e O H 6 U J I e r o B e p H b i M npyroM H n o M o i U H H K O M . E r o n e p y n p H H a n j i e a c a T M H o r n e a a n a c n H B u p a a c e H H H o6 inero M H O H H H . * I H C T U H H T B e p n u n B C B O H X y S e a c i i e H H H X *ieJiOBeK. Jia c o x p a H H T c a cBeTJian n a M H T B o H e M c p e n n r p H n y m n x noKOJieHHH. ( B H P I O K O B , n p e n n c n o B H e K „ H e B c n j i e B o r . . . " , C T p . 12.) 5) HejiB3H He CKasaTb anecb o n p y r n x nByx c o T p y n H H K a x H c n o f l B H a c H H K a x n e T p a B a c H j i & e B H ^ a — o e r o c T a p m e M 6 p a T e BacHJiHH B e p n r H H e H B a c H J i H H B e p e i n a r H H e . 0 6 a , no npHrjiaiueHHio n e T p a B a c H J i B e B H ^ a , n o c e T H J i n e r o no3flHen o c e H B i o 1 8 9 4 r . H npoacHJiH c H H M ABe H e n e j i H , He3aflOJiro nepejj; T e M , K a K eMy Ha3Ha-yHJiH H J T H 61 S T a n o M H3 UleHKypcKa ApxaH. ry6ep. B OOnopcK T O S O J I . r y 6 . — paCCTOHHHe HeCKOJTBKO TblCH^I BepcT. Bo BpeMH HX npeSblBaHHH T a M n o T p e 6 o B a j i a c B co B c e r o H a p o n a npncnra HHKOJiaio A j i e K c a H -xtpoBH^y P o M a H O B y B BepHonoxwaHCTBe. 3Ta n p H c a r a K O C H y j i a c B n e T p a BacHJiBeBH^a H B c e x C T S P H M K O B H B e e O H H Ha ocHOBaHHH yqeHHH Hncyca XpHCTa, OTKa3ajiHCB npHHHTB ee. neTp BacHJiB-eBKM noBHHJi pa3roBopfai c n o c e T H T e J i H M H , SpaTOM BacHJiHeM H BepemarHHHM: nepBbiH pa3roBop OH Ha^caji c Toro, n o „3TO He xopomo 6buio 6bi HSM, K a K xpncTHaHaM, npnHHMaTB npn-c a r y cMepTHOMy l e J i O B e K y . X P H C T O C B C B o e M yyeHHH BoenpemaeT naBaTB npncnry H MBI, ecjiH BepHM B Hero, T O HOJIXCHbl 3TO flOKa3HBaTb, H B T a K H X C J i y ^ a H X , ecxiH 6bl 3TO TOJIBKO n O T p e S O B a J I O C B , Mbi HOJlXCHbl S C e p T B O B a T B , C06010. B O T X O T B T a K O H n e p e x o f l , K a K Ha3Ha^iHJiH MHe [H3 UleHKypcKa B 06nopcK] . 3TO 6yneT TBICHM: HecKOJibKO BepCT H npOHTH Hy»CHO S T a n H b l M n O p H H K O M B 3HMHee B p e M H H n e p e S b l B a T b B H e C K O J I b K H X T K J p b M a X , Bbi, K O H e i H o , 3 T H TiopBMbi— 3 T a n H H K a K H e T a M o d p a m e H H H , He HcnbiTbiBajiH H He 3HaeTe, HO H y»ce no3H a K O M H J i c H c HHMH. 06pameHHe Be3fle o^eHi. nnoxoe H C apecTaH-TaMH Sojibuieio ^acTbio o6pamaK)TCH He K a K c JiionbMH, a KaK C JKHBOTHblMH, H O T TaKOTO O d p a m e H H H MOSCHO 3 a 6 0 ~ JieTb H yMepeTB, H Bee STO n o n y c K a i o H HHa^ie He Mory xionycTHTB, XpHCTa o c j i y n i H B a T B C H o^ceHb Hexopomo, OH nocTpanajr H yMep Ha rope rojirocfe, Ha K p e c T e . . . BenB T y T nejio HneT o npncnre, K O T o p y i o X P H C T O C B C B o e M y y e H H H BoenpemaeT . . . ( r . BeperHH, TaM see, C T p . 69.) 3 n e c B n p e n c T a B J i n e T C H T O H K H H B o n p o c : n o i e M y B e p n r H H OTKa3biBaeTCH npn HHMaT b n p n c n r y c c b i J i a n c B Ha yyeHHe X p H C T a ? X P H C T O C He roBopHT o npnenre, a o K J i H T B e . Ho T a K K a K B e p n r H H noHHMaji, n o n p n c n r a BUMorana O T npHcnraiomero K J i H T B y , T O OH SbiJi n o j i H O C T b i o B n p a B e , c c b u i a n c b Ha y i e H H e X p H C T a , H3JioxceHHoe B E B a n r e J i H H O T M a T $ e a 5 : 3 3 - 7 : 62 Erne CJ ibnuaJTH BH, n o c K a 3 a H O i x p e B H H M : „ H e npecTy-nan K J i H T B H , HO HCITOJIHHH n p e x i rocnorjiOM KJIHTBH TBOH". A H. roBopio BaM: H e KJIHHHCB BOB c e : HH He6oM . . . HH 3eMJieK> . . . HH HepycaJTHMOM . . . HH rOJIOBOK) cBoeio . . . HO s a SyrieT CJIOBO Bauie: „JJa , r i a " , „ H e T , HeT" a n o C B e p x STOTO, TO OT j i y K a B o r o . BTOPOH pa3roBop B e p n r H H npoHOJiacaji B 6oJiee cepBe3HOM H c o c p e r J i O T O ^ e H H O M H naace B 3 B O J i H O B a H H O M x x y x e , — Tpe6yioiiiHH B H H M a -HHH, BHyinaH nocj ief lCTBHH H xiaace onacHocTB fljiH e r o c j iymaTeJieH, TaK K a K p a 3 r o B o p Kacaj iCH B o n p o c a o BoeHHOH cJiyac6e: IleTp BacHJiBeBHa CTaj i n o p n i i a T b T a K o e 3a6Jiyac,neHHe: „JIioxtH, HXIH Ha BoeHHyio cjiyac6y, 6oJiBiueio ^acTBio TOBO-P H T , n o OHH 3aHHGnHK)TCH B XpHCTOJIK)6HBOe B O H H C T B O . 3TO y^ieHHe nonoB H caMHH 6OJIBIUOH obMaH c o CTOPOHH H X , KOTOpHM OHH a C H B y T . TaKOH o6MaH, OCOSeHHO B Hame B p e M H , H e y M e c T H H H B X P H C T H a H C T B e H BCHKHH •qejiOBeK, XOTB HeMHoro 3HaioiiiHH »CH3HB H yveHHe X p n c T a , ne jJOJraceH 6H cor j ian iaTBCH c STUM OSMSHOM, HO JUOJJ;H H HHHeuiHero BpeMeHH TaK jierKO n o r i r t a i o T C H STOMY H n p n -HHMaioT 3a npaBHJiBHoe y^ieHHe. T o r r i a KaK XPHCTOC B CBoeM y i e H H H o6jiH*iaji H pa3pymaji BoeHiiiHHy, K O T o p a n CJiy>KHTSCJIHHIBuflJIHrOHHOr.OTHaCHJIHH ,:^ H , 3 a 3T.03er03TOJIBKO T S K i i e ace cojiriaTH p a c n n j i H H npexiajiH CMepTH. H B HHHeniHee BpeMH, ec j in 6H TOT ace XPHCTOC npnnieji H 6JiaroBecTBOBaJi TOT ace MHP, H T e n e p B , H y B e p e H , TaK 6H nocTynnjiH c HHM, KaK nocTyriHJiH 1900 JieT TOMy Ha3aJJ. H STO JIH MOaCHO CMHTaTB 3a XpHCTOJIK)6HBOe BOHHCTBO? C K o p e e B c e r o 3TO MOaCHO CMHT3TB BOHHCTBOM HHKOJian I I H noxoflHT OHO Ha 6oJiBUiyio uiaftKy pa36on-HHKOB, B O TJiaBe K O T O p O H CTOHT HHKOJiaH , H HaCKOJIBKO B03MOaCHO TaK H ITOHHMaiO aCH3 HB H y i e H H e X p H C T a — HyacHO OCBOSOXTHTBCH OT T a K o r o 3a6jiyacjjeHHH H H e y q a c T B O B a T b B T a K H X n e j i a x . H yM eCTHO 6HJIO 6H jxyxo-6opiiaM, KaK xpnCTHaHaM H a m e r o BpeMeHH, coBceM oTKa-3 a T B C H OT BoeHHOH cJiyac6Hr;) . . Opyacne K a K o e e c T B y jiyxo6opiieB, HanpHMep pyacBH, peBOJiBBepu, ca6jiH, KHH-a c a j i H , K O T o p e e npHo6pejiH OHH , y x i a J i H H C B OT y^ieHHH X p H C T a , Bee co6paTB B OJJHO MecTo H B 3HaK HenpoTH-B J i e H H H 3Jiy 3JIOM, H BO HcnoJiHeHHe 3 a n o B e x i H : He y 6 H H , npexj;aTB Bee STO coacaceHHio, OTHIO, naMHTyn CJiOBa X p n c T a : B3HBHJHH Men, OT M e i a riojiaceH H n o r n S H y T B . ( r . B e p H T H H , TaM ace, CTP. 70.) T a K o e nopy^eHHe SHJIO He J ierKO BHIIOJIHHTB o6uiecTBOM 63 nyxo6opu,eB B 3aKaBKa3Be. )KHTB 6e3 opyacnn 3Ha^HJio: — npenaTB ce6n n p o H 3 B O J i y 3aKaBKasCKHX B O o p y a c e H H U x , BOHHCTBeHHbix H 6ec-nomaxtHbix Ty3ei»meB. Ho HJTH SpaTa BacHJiHH H BacHJiHH BepemarHHa He 6biJio JTH^IHOH onacHocTH npencTaBHTB CBOHM 6paTBHM nopy^eHne H coBeTbi OT neTpa BacHJibeBH^a. npHMyT JIH OHH T a K H e coBeTbi HJIH HeT , B 3TOM OHH He ^yBCTBOBaJIH JIHMHOH OTBeTCTBeHHOCTH . Ho neTp BacHJiBeBHa He ocTaHaBJiHBajicH TOJIBKO Ha STOM nopy^ieHHH Ero p a 3 T O B o p Beji HX K jiH^HOMy ITPHHHTHIO BbiaoBa Hncyca XpHCTa: ,IBO3BMH KpecT CBOH H cnenyH 3a MHOK)" (EB . OT MapKa 8:34) : „KoTopue ace,— TOBOPHJI neTp BacHJiBeBHa,— Haxo*-; flHTCH B pa3pHJj;aX B O H C K a , H C O B e T y i O HM C f l a T B Bee opyacne no npHHanjiexcHocTH naace no MyHxmpa H O6I>HBHTB Ce6H, ^TO OHH XpHCTHaHe H HM B C e 3TO He npHJIH^ieCT-ByeT, H c 3Toro JIHH, OHH 6oJiee H e MoryT y^iacTBOBaTB HH B KaKHX HaCHJIBCTBeHHBIX fleJiaX B O e H H O H apMHH; BceMy 3TOMy npOTHBOpe^HT HX C06CTBeHH3H COBeCTB H y^eHKe Hncyca XpHCTa". (TaM ace, CTP. 71.) 3TH HBa BacHJiHH yace Ha^HHawT no HHMaT B , n o neTp BacHJiB eBHM KOMaHflHpyeT HX C n o p y ^ e H n e M He TOJIBKO K CBOHM 6paTbHM B o6mecTBe, HO H K SpaTBHM B cojinaT^HHe H y r o B o p H T B cjiyacawHX coJixnaT citejiaTB TaKOH CMenbiH H caM03a6BeHHbiH nocTynoK pann Sjiara npyrnx: „Bu nepenaftTe HM: ecjiH OHH npHMyT H nocTynHT cornacHO MoeMy 6paTCKOMy coBeTy, B KOTOPOM 3aKJiK>-l a e T C H y ^ e H H e XpHCTa, TO n y c T B Ha^HHaioT 6e3 BCHKOTO CTpaxa, noMHTyn y^ieHHe XpHCTa: Tena HauiH y6BK)T HO ByuiH H e MoryT KOCHyT&cn H Hafleacny nycTB nonaraioT Ha Bora. . . OH H noMoaceT HaM BHHTH Ha cTe3io npaBflbi H HCTHHBI. . ." (TaM ace, CTP . 71-72. no coBeTy neTpa BacHJi&eBH^ia, coJinaiaM npenJiarajiocB Ha^HHaTb cxi;aBaTB HX opyacne Ha nepBBin neHB nacxn 1895 r . , a HJIH coacaceHHH opyacHH oflHOBpeMeHHO BO Bcex Tpex rySepHHHX 6BIJI 64 H a 3 H a t i e H rieHb H a 29 HKOHH 1895 r o f l a B r t e H B C B H T H X a n o c T o x i o B n e T p a H n a B J i a , B 12 * i a c o B HO^IH. 3 T O T r t e H B 6BIJT Tarae x iHeM p o w f l e H H H n e T p a B a c H J i b e B H ^ a . no c x t O B a M a B T o p a S T O H 3 a n H C H , TaKoe H e o a c H x t a H H o e nopy-i e H n e neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a 6paTy B a c H J i H i o H B a c H J i H i o B e p e n i a r H H y , CMyTHJTO H X , n O T O M y n O OHH H e SblJIH n p H r O T O B J i e H b l K T a K O M y c a M O O T B e p w e H H O M y nonBHry, H B S T O T MOMGHT He 3HajiH n o jienaTB: npHHHMaTB JIH S T O nopy^ieHHe H a ce6n HJIH OTKa3BiBaTBCH. Hac 3rj;ecB y x t H B J i H e T H caM aBTop, rpnropHH B e p n r H H , KOTOPBIH B o g n i e M nopnjJKe n H i u e T 6 e 3 b i C K y c c T B e H H O . Ho H a S T O T MOMOHT, KaK 6BI BXOJJ;H B HejioBKoe nojioweHHe C B o e r o SpaTa B a c H J i H H H jjpyra B a c H J i H H B e p e u i a r H H a , K O T O P H X O H JIIO6HJI, MOxeT 6BITB He MeHBine neM neTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ a , OH H caM, HecoMHeHHO, CTaji BXO,H.HTB B H X nojioweHHe, H H c n b i T B i B a T B B ce6e MyBCTBa, K O T O p b i e OH y r a x i b i -BaJI B HHX'5 Mo»CeT 6BITB, COBCeM HeC03HaTeJIBHO OH npHXOflHT K xyno»ecTBeHHOMy BBiMbicj iy , . n p a M a T H ^ e c K H o n H C B i B a n H X ^ l y B C T B a K O T o p u e OH H c n B i T b i B a J i B ce6e: 3TO 6BIJI MOMeHT 6OPB6H r i y x a c. n j iOTBio H n J i O T B H X H H H C T a j i a S e c n o K O H T B C H 3a ce6H, noTOMy . n o TeM, KOMy O H H nepextariyT nopyieHae, K o r x t a - . n o 6yjjeT HJIH HeT, a H M n e p B b i M HOJIXCHO 6 H T B . H IUIOTB JIH^IHO CTajia 3 a j j a B a T B ce6e BonpocH, a T a K s c e c a M a H p e m a T B H X , n o 3a 3TO flOJDKHO S b l T B . T a K O H H O C T a B a J I H C B H e K O -Topoe B p e M H B H e p e u i H M O C T H . neTp BacHJiBeBHa c e H ^ i a c ace 3a M e T H J i H X cJia6ocTB xtyxa H T O B O P H T HM: „9L BHacy, n o Bbi c M y n i a e T e c B " . H O H H B CHJiy c n p a B e j j j i H B O C T H flOJiacHbi 6ujiH CKa3aiB T O , n o y H H X npoHcxoxtHJio B c e p x n i a x H cKa3aJiH: iifla, S T O BepHo". neTp B a c H J i b -eBHM roBopHT H M Torxta: „ H He Mory c B3MK nejiaTB T a K H X nopy^eHHH. nopy^ a n S T O , H B O nepBHX xtoxtxceH 6biTb yBepeH c KeM S T O H nejiaio S T O n o p y q e H n e , H B O BTopux, H xtoJiaceH 6biTb B Hajjeacjje, n o Bbi Bee TIOCJIOBHO 6 5 nepenaflHTe B C S M .nyxoSopiiaM, n o H nopyyaio c B S M H , a HHa^ie, H noBTOpnio, H H e Mor'y c B S M H .nejiaTb 3Toro n o p y ^ e H H H . flaro BaM OTcpo^ K y Ha O H H H rieHb, 3a K O T O p u H BM M o x e T e p e u i H T B ce6e na HJIH H e T . " (H 3ri.ecb O H cJiexi;yeT noy^ e H H i o XpncTa, He TpeSyn O T H H X H X K J I H T B H : „He K J I H H H C B BOBce, HO Ra 6yrj;yT cnoBa BaniH: ,Ha,. fla' HJIH ,HeT, HeT'".) „TOJIBKO B pemeHHH — neTp BacHJibeBHbi nponojDKaeT -- B U He 3a6HBaiiTe caMoro rjiaBHoro. npn B 0 3 6y>K,neHHH I U I O T C K H X BonpocoB B U jaaBaHTe 6oJiBUie MecTa neJiaTB pemeHHH flyxy, raBy-u i e M y B Bac H Torxiia, H yBepeH, *ITO BBI no6e , H H T e B ce6e njiOTCKHe HeMomH H c paflOCTBio BBI TJOJOKHH 6yjj;eTe npHHHTB Moe nopy^eHHe". H O H OTirycTHJi H X . O H H BHUIJTH . TaKoe pemeHHe HeJTB3H 6B1JTO OTKJiaXJblBaTB H a CyTKH : „KOVRa OTKpbl-BaeTca no6ejj;a flyxa H a r t nJTOTBio--3TO n p o f l O J O K a e T C H T O J I B K O MOMeHT, 3 K C T a 3 n y X O B HBIH , B KOTOpOM BCe coBepuiaeTCH. H O H H <iepe3 flBa l a c a npHmjin 6on .pbiMH H B e c e j i b i M H H 3a TaKHe nopy^ r e H H H O H H roTOBbi 6HJIH T e n e p b cMorpeTB B r j i a 3 a caMoft CMepra, H e H M S T B H H K a K o r o C T p a x a , a H M e T B T O J I B K O TopacecTBo nyxa. neTp B a c H J i b e B H ^ : 6bui 3 T O M y o^reHb pan; H CHOBa cTajr H M noBTopHTB cBoe nopyqeHHe, KOTopoe O H H yace n p n -HHMaJTH H 3 a n H C b l B a J T O C b 3 T O y H H X Ha C K p H J K a j T H X c e p f l e u ; H X H H X " . (TaM a c e , CTp. 72-73.) 3a TaKoe c o y^acTHe B BbinojiHeHHH n o p y i e H H H neTpa BacHJibeBH^a, H X cocjiaJiH H 3aKJH0^HJiH B KapcKyio TiopbMy Kapanax, 06 H H X 6BIJTO flOHeceHO rjiaBHOHa^rajiBCTByiomeMy LdepeMeTBeBy, KOTopuK HajioacHJi Ha H H X pe30JiioiiHio: „ O 6 O H X H X npenaTB BoeHHO-noJieBOMy cyny, noSta 3 T H M ycTpaniHTB H ocTaJTbHbix" coJinaTOB OTKa3bIBaK)mHXCH O T B O e H H O H I I O B H H H O C T H . 3 T O T O He cJiy^HJiocb T O J I B K O n o T O M y , *TTO LUepeMeTbeBy rtHcaJiH npoTHB 3 T o r o Tpoe H 3 TOJicTOBu,eB: BjianHMHp ^ e p T K O B , HBaH f-toxaHJTOBHM TperySoB H oco6eHHO c C H J I B H H M npoTecTOM, TeoprHH AJieKcaHxiipoBHq flannaHH. K T O 6biji JJ,anHaHH? O H SBIJI n O T O M C T B e H H b I M K H H 3 e M H3 pORa T p y 3 H H H ron. TOMy Ha3axi 6bui 66 a f f b M T a H T O M U l e p e M e T b e B a . T a K K a K O H yxce JIH^EHO 3 H a j i B a c H J i H H B a c H J i B e B H ^ a O H c T a j i TOJicTOBiieM H x p n c T H a H H H O M . H K o r n a 3Ta p e s o j i i o i i H H n o n i j i a A O e r o CBeneHHH, T O O H c e n ^ a c xce Harnicaji I T H C B M O L t l e p e M e T B e B y , B K O T O P O M T O B O P H J I T a K : J Jp M e H H flomjio yxcacHoe H3BecTHe, I T O B H HajioxcHJiH pe30Jiioij,HK) Ha B e p e m a r H H a H B e p H r n H a n p e n a T b H X O S O H X BoeHHO nojieBOMy cyjj;y, .ne j io o c T a e T C H T O J I B K O 3 a Bauieft nonnHC&io. K a K S T O yxcacHO. K a K S T O 6 e 3 -HpaBCTBeHHO. K a K 3TO HH 3 KO. P a 3 B e 3TH BpeMeHa He nponiJTH. MBI nepexcHBaeM 2 0 - H B G K O T poxcfleHHH H yxcacHOH cMepTH BejTHKoro y^HTejin H C T H H b i H n c y c a X p H C T a , xcejiaBineff:p BceMy ^eJiOBe^ecTBy 6 p a T C K O H M H P H O H X C H 3 H H , n o c p e n c T B O M q e r o B O H B O P H J T O C B 6 u irapcTBHe Boxcne H a 3eMJie, K a K H Ha H e 6 e . H B H 3 a S T O c B H T o e y^eHHe p e m a e T e c b nyCJIH^THO paccTpejTHTB S T H X HeBHHHbix n e p e n . B a M H J i i o x i e H . T e M SoJiee, n o Bbi H c a M H B e p H T e B S T O y ^ e H H e , B H c i H T a e T e c b x p H c m a i f f l H O M . Bbi n y M a e T e TaKHM XCeCTOKHM ITOCTynKOM KaK T ipOJIHTHeM KpOBH H e B H H -HblX JiKmen, B H y c T p a u i H T e Jiioxi;eH, HCITOJIHHIOIUHX B O J I K EOXCHK), BHpaXCeHHOH H H C y C O M X p H C T O M , 3 a KOTOpyK) O H Ii naji xcepTBOH H S T O 3 a B e m a j i n o c j i e f l O B a T e j i H M C B O H M . H MoxceT B H n y M a e i e T a K H M n y T e M y c T p a i i i H T B S T H X H B y x 6:opa;"o-BB 3 a HCTHHy. ToBopio B a M K a K apyry npoumoro B p e M e H H HHHe H CTOK) B p H f l a x X p H C T a — B H S T H M T O J I B K O HaJIOXCHTe I T H T H O H e B H H H O H K P O B H He TOJIBKO H a c e 6 n , H O H Ha B O O CTpaHy pyccKoro Hapona. EoJi&maH -yacTB S T O T O H a p o x t a T a K HJTH H H a * i e B e p H T B O X p n c T a , a B H S T H X jnoiteH y M e p T B H T e 3 a X p n c T a . n o xce K a c a e T C H B e p e m a r H H a H B e p n r H H a , T O KaK H JIH^IHO 3Haio B a c H J i H H B a c H J i B e B H ^ a , O H H BaM He ycTynHT H C p a x t o c T B i o nonxtyT Ha B a m y Pe30J i io i j ,Hio . A ocTajiBHue , n y x o 6 o p i J , H , K O T o p n e yxce npHHHJiH Hyx X p n c T a , He T O J I B K O He y c T p a u i a T & c n , H O jj;axce 6oJiBiue oflyxoTBopHTtca. noTOMy . n o S T H X JIKUieH, K O T O p H X B H K33HHTe , O H H I T p H n y T K CBHTHM. H HeHCTBHTeJIBHO 3TH JIKJflH 3 aCJiyXCHB aWT S T O T O HMeHH, noTOMy n o yMnpaiOT 3a y i e H H e X p n c T a H 3a oSinee 6 p a T C K o e B c e H a p o x i ; H o e neJio. H caMH noHnyT Ha B a m y pe3OJTI0IJiHK) . 3fleCb T p H T O p H H B e p H T H H npH6aBJiHeT: T a K r i H c a j i r e o p r H f t A J i e K c a H j j p o B H^i flannaHH, c n o n -J1HHHHM BepHO. KOHe^IHO, T a K H e JHOHH HMeiOT 6OJlBUiyi0 C H J i y B nejie B o x c n e M , MoxceT S T O H nocjiyxcHJio K c n a c e -HHK), H H X OCTaBHJIH He KaSHeHHHMH. (r. B e p H T H H , T a M xce, C T p . 85-86.) 67 3,necB TaKKe 6yrteT y i v i e c T H O j i o S a B H T B , n o B a c H J i H H . B e p H T H H H B a C H J I H H B e p e f f l a r H H B b i n O J I H H J I H 6yKBaJIBHO, $H3H^ieCKH H n y x o B H O nopy^ieHHe neTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ i a H noy^ieHHe H n c y c a X p n c T a : H B C H K H H , K T O O C T a B H T H O M b l , H J I H 6paTBeB , H J I H O T I i a , H J I H M a T B , H J I H X C e H y , H J I H fleTeH, H J I H 3eMJIH, paxxn H M e H H M o e r o , n o j i y ^ H T B O C T O K p a T H H a a n e r i y e T M3Hb Be^cHyio. . . . . ( E B . O T MaT<|>. 1 9 : 2 9 . ) B a c H J i H H B a c H J i B e B H a c o c T a B H J i T O T 3 H a M e H H T H H n c a j i O M c K O T o p b i M MHorne 6paTBH B b i c T y n a j i H Ha K p e c T H b i H nyTB, K o r x t a H X , H 3 6H T B I M H , m a j i H Ka3 a K H K r y S e p H a T o p y , n o c j i e coacaceHHH opyacHH 2 9 - 3 0 HIOHH 1 8 9 5 r o f l a : Te6a paflH, rocnoflH, BO3 J IK)6HJ I s p a i a TecHbie. Te6n paflH, r o c n o f l H , ocTaBHJi O T i i a H M a T e p B . Te6n p a f l H , rocnoflH, ocTaBHJi 6paTa H c e c T p y . Te6n paflH, r o c n o f l H , ocTaBHJi B e c B p o x ( - n j i e M e H B C B O H . Te6n p a f l H , r o c n o f l H , ocTaBHJi Bee acHTBe S b i T B e . Te6n paflH, rocnoflH, x o x c y B TecHOTe r o H e H H H . Te6n p a f l H , rocnojJH, T e p n j i i o x y j i n H noHouieHHH. TeSn paflH, rocnoflH, xoacy a j r q y n i H H H a c a a c x j y u i H H . Te6n paflH, r o c n o f l H , 5KHBy 6e3 n o K p o B H i o a . B o r y H a m e M y c J i a B a . ( B . B O H t i - B p y e B H ^ ( p e r t . ) , ' i H B O T H a f l  K H H r a , Regehr's P r i n t i n g , Winnipeg, Canada, C T P . 1 5 0 . ) BacHJiHH B e p H r H H B e p H y j i c H H3 C C B I J I K H B K a H a f l y yxce n o c j i e O e T p a B a c H J i B e B H ^ a B e p n r H H a H c K O H ^ a J i c n . B 1 9 2 9 r o r t y , p a 3 6H T B I H n a p a j i H ^ e M . B a c H J i H H B e p e i n a r H H y M e p Ha n y T H B H n y T C K B ye3flHOM r o p o r t e K n p e H C K e B T i o p B M e . H e n o j i r o n e p e f l c M e p T B i o O H nnineT n p o m a j i B H o e n n c & M o K c B o e n xceHe H x t e T H M , K O T o p o e ^ a c T H t i H o 3 f l e C B B O C n p O H 3 B O r t H M : flbporan M O H xo3HK>niKa H a c T i o i i i a H He3a6BeHHHe B .', flyine Moefi r t e T H l noflpodHocTH Moero n n c B M a M o r y T o n e ^ i a j i H T B Bac, H O H n p o i n y B a c H e n e^aJiH . T B C H , 68 6yjJBTe Soflpbi flyxoM B O K H H M , npH3biBaHTe rocnofla B noMOiHB H OH MHJiocepflHbiH ynpenHT Bac... no npH6biTHH B AneKcaHxtpoBCK cnycTH HeKOTopoe B p e M H H C T a x i l y B C T B O B a T B 6OJIB; HaBepHO 3TO OTpa-3HJICH neuiHH nyTB, O T KaHCKa flo AJieKcaHflpoBCKa 800 BepcT IUJIH n e n i K O M . TaM HaBepHO H H nepeyTOMHJi ce6n. B p e M H K a K pa3 SBIJIO oceHHee: JJOKJJB, CHer H HeBbijia3HaH rpH3B.. . . TenepB y M e H H KauieJiB B rpynn H CHJIBHBIH acap... nHiiiy S T O nHCBMO BaM, jjoporan HacTWiiia H MHJibie MoeMy ceprtiiy neTH, B K O T O P O M xo^iy noroBopHTB c BaMH, KaK C 6JIH3KHMH MOHMH pOflHBIMH , H MOJKeT 3TH C T P O K H 6yriyT ywe nocJieflHHMH CTPOKaMH B HameH 3eMHOH 5KH3HH. TOCnOJIB fla SyfleT TBOH CB3T33 BOJIH Ha Te6n ynoBaio... Euie npouiy Bac, ecjiH H n p H f l e T C H MHe yMepeTB, He ne ^ i a j i B T e c B *rpe3BBi-q:aHHO 060 M H e , ocodeHHO coxpaHH Bac rocnortH flyMaTB, n o JTHSO T a K o e , n o H y M e p B C T p a H e • y y w o H H 6e3 npnCMOTPa p o f l H b i x . CipaHa Ann MeHH B e e p a B H o , B C H 5KH3HB Hama Ha 3eMne e c T B nyTB cKop6en, H Korfla ^eJiOBeK OKaHiH-B a e T S T O T n y T B , T o r f l a TOJIBKO OH n e p e c e J i n e T C H B CTpaHy B e i H o c ™ , C O K P H T O H O T Haiiiero p a 3 y M e H H H . flocMaTpHBaic-T we MeHH 6 p a T B H , H e ocTaBJiHK>T :6e3 flOCMOTpa, a ewejiH H npHuuiocB 6BI o f l H O M y , T O H Torfla H flOJiaceH ocTaBaTBCH flOBOJiBHHM C B o e H cyflB6oH, no-T O M y n o H no B O J i e H36paJi TaKOH nyTB flJin flocTHaceHHH flyuiH cnaceHHH H HafleiocB, n o aHreji MOH x p a H H T e j i B He ocTaBHT MeHH... Eme iiejiyio B a c Bcex H a c e j i a w O T Tocnofla B c e r o x o p o m e r o B BameK HCH3HH. npomaHTe H npomaHTe, floporan HacTioma H MHJibie fleTH H Bee poflHBie, n o c J i e f l H H H pa3 npomaHTe. OcTaiocB c ynoBaHHeM Ha Bora H JIIO6OBBIO KO BceM BaM. HcKpeHHO JIIO6HIHHH H noMHHiUHH Bcex Bac HaBcerfla: cynpyr, poflHTejiB H flenyniKa. BacHJiHH TaBpHjioBH^ BepeniarHH. 15-ro anpejiH 1898 rofla. (BacHJiHH r . BepemarHH, „IIHCBMO H3 TIOPBMBI", 3anHcaji BacHJiHH A.. CyxopeB, „HcTopHH flyxoSopiieB", C T p . 99-102.) 69 IV riHCbMA IIETPA BACHJIBEBH^A BEPHrHHA ErO flEflTEJIbHOCTb BO BPEMH CCblJIKH IlHCbMa neTpa BacHJiBeBH^ia BepnrHHa He TOJIBKO HHTepecHbi, HO H noy^HTeJiBHBi, K a K rj,yxo6opiiaM, KOTOpbie, KOHe^HO, riopowaT BCeMH riHCBMaMH C B O H X CCBIJIBHBIX 6paTBeB, HO Tame H BOo6nie B c e M ^HTaTeJiHM HHTepecyioiiiHM.GHr.. jjyxo6op^:ecKHM JXBHaceHHeM B IiapCKOH POCCHH H B n O C J i e f l C T B H H B KaHaXie. IlHCbMa OCOdeHHO H H T e p e c H b i TeM, n o O H H H P K O xapaKTepH3yioT caMo6biTHyio JIH^IHOCTB BepnrHHa, jxaioT acHoe noHflme 06 ero o6pa3e MCH3HH H MBICJIH, O 3aMe^aTejiBHOH ero JjyxoBHOH C H J i e H C T O H K O C T H xapaKTepa Ha pnxiy c jjyuieBHOH M H T K O C T B I O H periKHM JioSpoEceJiaTejiBCTBOM K JHOXIHM, BMeCTe C KpOTKHM C03HaHHeM C B O H X HeflOCTaTKOB H cjiaSocTeft. no CBejjeHHK) H3jjaTejien nnceM neTpa BacnjiBeBH^a: HecMOTpn H a T O , n o O H H3BecTeH non HineHeM „rj;yxo6op^ecKoro pyKOBoriHTeJiH" c p e i i H pyccKoro oSmecTBa, 03 HaKOMHBiuerocH c jj;yxo6op'yecKHM j jBHxee-HHeM no ra3eTaM H npaBHTejiBCTBeHHBIM cooSnieHHHM, — O H c a M c e 6 n TaKOBBiM HHKorxna He c ^ H T a j i H c y x i H no ero cKpoMHOMy I H C T O 6paTCKOMy OTHouieHHio K * u i e H a M jjyxo6op^:ecKOH OSIIIHHH, BbipaacaioineMycH B nncBMax, O H H H K o r j j a H e M o r npeTeHxioBaTB H a P O J I B , KOTopyio e M y MHorae npHnncbiBaiOT. (B. H A. ^epTKOBBi, H3JjaTeJiH nnceM, C T P . i v . H3jj;aHHe „CBo6ojJHoro CJiOBa", C h r i s t c h u r c h , Hants, England.) 3 T O x(OKa3biBaeTCH TeM cfaKTOM, n o X O T H OH enie MOJIOJJ,HM ^ejiOBeKOM Sbiji H36paH pyKOBOflHTeJiBHHiieH JlyKepBen BacHJiBeBHOH KaJiMUKoBOii C B O H M noMouiHHKOM B C H P O T C K O M floMe, nocjie ee CMepTH B 1886 rojjy OH 6BIJI apecTOBaH npaBHTejiBCTBOM H CHa^iajia 70 3aKJiwqeH B TiopBMy a noTOM cocJiaH. HecoMHeHHO OH nojiB30BancH orpoMHbiM yBaseHHeM H HOBepneM 6OJIBUIOH ^acTH jj;yxo6opiJ,eB, B O nepBbix no 3 a B e T y J l y K e p B H H BO^BTppbix, 6Jiaro,napH C B O H M BBICOKHM HpaBCTBeHHBIM Ka^ieCTBaM, BBinaiOIIIHMHCH yMCTBeHHblMH CnOCOSHOCTHMH H yMeHHio O6XOII;HTBCH C JIIOBBMH H BecTH xo3HHCTBeHHBie xnejia B C H P O T C K H M flOMe. CflenaeM KpaTKoe noBTopeHHe no B3SHMOOTHouieHHio Mexcxty IleTpoM BacHJiBeBH^ieM B ccbixiKe H 6OJIBIUOH napTnefi ,nyxo6opiieB O C H O B a H H O e H a C J i e j j y K M U H X OSCTOHTeXtBCTBaX, BOrTnepBBK C O C T O p O H b l oSmecTBa H B O B T O P H X , co cTopoHbi IleTpa BacHjiBeBH^ia BepnrHHa: A) Co CTopoHbi xi;yxo6opbiecKoro oSmecTBa: 1) )KexiaHHe HcnoxiHHTb 3aBeuiaHHe JlyKepBH BacHxtBeBHta— BceMH y B a s c a e M O H pyKOBOBHTeJiBHHUbi—KOTopaa BOcnHTbiBajia neTpa BacHJiBeBHta B nponoxDKeHHH nflTH j i e T H ySeHHJia B c e x B ero cnocoSHOCTH 6BITB H X pyKOBOflHTeJieM. OHa xtana H M TaKoe 3aBe-maHHe. 2) no CMepTH JlyKepBH BacHJiBeBHH, H a BceoSmeM coGpaHHH BO BpeMH noMHHOK , nocpencTBOM xteMOKpaTH^ecKoro noKJioHa xjo 3eMxtH,—no OopMe xtyxo6op^:ecKoro rojiocoBaHHH 3a pyKOBOflHTeJin— KJIaHHtoniaJicH 6oJiBinaH napTHH H36pana neTpa BacHJiBeBHta 3a CBoero p y K O B O f l H T e J i H . TOJIBKO M a j i e H B K a n r p y n n K a „ry6aHOBneB" He noKJioHHJiHCB,—noflKynHBiiiH H a^ i a j i B C T B O a p e c T O B a T B ero, n o H 6bijio cnexiaHO B T O T ate M O M e m IIOMHHOK . 3) Cxi;eJiaBiiiH ne.Tpa BacHJiBeBHta C B O H M H 3 SpaHHHKOM-pyKOBOflHTeneM, 6ojtBuiaH n a p T H H nponoxDKaxta npn3H a BaTB ero TaKO-BBIM nocxie ero apecTa H Korna OH 6BIJT B H 3 r H a H H H , B TiopBMax H 71 HaKOHeii 16-JieTHeH ccujiKe, no^HTan ero 3a MyqeHHKa H cTpanajiBiia 3a flyxo6op'yecKHe y6e»cjjeHHH H 3a noy^eHHe HHcyca XpHCTa. IIOTOMy OHH npH HHMaJlH H3 CCHJIKH eTO IIH CBMe H Hbie COBeTbl—He yKa3bi, a coBeTbi--6pajiH H X C O BHHMaHneM H C 6OJIBUIHM yBasceHHeM, noTOMy n o O H H c^HTaxiH, n o OH 3acJiy»cHJi S T O ero npenaHHOcTBio jjyxoSop^iecKOMy nBHSceHHio. B) Co CTopoHbi IleTpa BacHJiBeBH^a BepnrHHa: 1) Eyny^iH eme MOJIOXCBIM ^eJioBeKOM O H SBIJT BBiSpaH JlyKepBen BacHJiBeBHOft no BU30By nocBHTHTB ce6n Ha „Bo»CHe ,nejTo":',< 2) OH peiuaeT npnHHMaTB S T O T BBI3OB B neftcTBHTeJiBHOCTH, B Jjyxe noy^eHHH Hncyca XpncTa: „KTO JIKJSHT OTiia HJTH MaTb, CBiHa HJIH no^B, Myxca HJIH »ceHy donee, HeaceJiH MeHH, T O T He H O C T O H H MeHH". (OT MaT$. 10:37.) TaKofl B H 3 0 B OH yxce npnHHMaeT He O T ynpaBHTejiBHHiibi JlyKepBH a O T Bora, TaK KaK OH y»ce peiuaeT flejiaTB „Borae nejio". OH 6yKBajiBHO BbinoJiHHeT BH3OB XpncTa. 3) C co3HaHHeM cnyxcHTB Ha „EoxcHeM nejie", O H npHHHMaeT HOJiacHocTB npocToro anyrn B C H P O T C K O M flOMe non pyKOBonHTejiB-CTBOM JlyKepBH BaCHJTBeBHBI. CO3HaTeJTBHO HJTH He C03HaTe.JIBHO OH HcnojiHHeT noyyeHHe XpncTa: „BOJIBIIIHH H3 Bac na SyneT BaM CJiyra: . . . K T O yHHxeaeT ce6n, T O T B O 3 B H C H T C H " . 4) Hepe3 nHTB JieT cJiyacSbi H BocnHTbiBaHHH B C H P O T C K O M HOMe, no 3aBeiqaHHio pyKOBOflHTenBHHiiBi JlyKepBH H no xcenaHHio jjyxoSopiieB SOJIBIUOH napTHH, neTp BacHJiBeBHa npoB03rjiamaeTCH pyKOBOflHTejieM C H P O T C K O T O noMa. 5) CnpaniHBaeTCH, 6biJi JIH HJIH He 6BIJT neTp BacHJiBeBHM BepHTHH jxyxobop^ e c K H M p y K O B o n H T e x t e M ? OH He Mor 6BITB JIH^IHO n p H c y T C T B y r o m H M p y K O B O f l H T e x t e M C H P O T C K O T O flOMa, n o T O M y I T O O H 6BIJI a p e c T O B a H H cocjiaH na 16 JieT B a p x a H r e j i B C K O H H C H G H P C K O H oSjiacTHX. Ho O H , nocpencTBOM nHceM, Mor OBITB H 6UJI coBeT-H H K O M HyXOSOpiieB 60JIBIUOH napTHH. B 3TOM H 3aKJIK)^aeTC5I o r p o M H a a B a s c H O C T B n n c e i v i n. B. BepnrHHa. OHH c o c T a B J i n i O T ero j iHTepaTypHo-Hf le f tHoe H a c j i e j j H e . n e T p BacHJiBeBHa, B O B p e M H C B o e n CCBIJIKH, H a n n c a j i CBbnue 70 nnceM. 3TH nncBMa H H3BecTHH o ero ccbiJiKe, no6yn.HJiH MHOTHX HMeKimHX pa3Hbie n O J T H T H^eCKHe H OHJIOCOCjCKHe B3rJIHnbI, B CBOK) o^epenB, nncaTB BocnoMHHaHHH o H e M H n n c B M a e M y J I H ^ H O — n n c B M a O T 3 HaKOMbix e M y H O T npy3eH TOJicTOBneB B K J i i o^aH caMoro JI. H. ToJiCToro. IlojiHoe B o c n p o H 3 B e f l e H H e n n c e M c K O M M e H T a p n e M — H e B O -o6pa3HMan 3ari ;a^a HJIH Haiueft orpaHH^ i e H H O H n.HccepTan ,HH. JIHUIB H3SpaHHBie, caMBie c B O H C T B e H H b i e B j i H H T e j i B H O M y xapaKTepy neTpa B a c H J i B e B H^ia H CTHJIIO> ero j i H T e p a T y p b i , l a c r a ^ H O BOcnpoH3Be-H e H H b i e nHCBMa, M o r y T 3,nec& 6BITB HauiHM orpaHH^eHHbiM n p e n n p H -H T H e M . H S T O coBceM He MajieHBKoe sanaHHe. 1) nHCBMO nEPBOE n. B. BepHTHH 6biji cocnaH B IiIeHKypcK, ApxaHrejiBCKOH ry6epHHH, 6 MapTa, 1888 rona. Ha n y T H B ccbiJiKy, OH HanncaJi C B O H M 6paTBHM 60JIBIUOH napTHH nHCBMO, C O B e T y H H M 6bITB CBO6OJJ ; -HBIMH: n y c T B K a x c n b i H 6e3HacHJiBCTBeHHO H36npaeT n y T B no CBoeMy ycMOTpeHHio. IlpHTOM riaeT H Bpyrne COBeTbi. 3aMeTHM, K a K S T O n H C B M O noxieHCTBOBajio H a o 6 m e c T B o : K xryxoSopiiaM 6OJIBIUOH napTHH. 1 8 8 8 rojia, 6 MapTa. B03Jrio6JTeHHbiM SpaTiiaM H cecTpniiaM xiyxoBHbiM . . . Bo nepBbix CTpoKax cero nHCBMa H H 3 K O H HH3KO B a M , MHJibie SpaTLibi H cecTpHiibi, KJiaHHiocB H wejiaw BaM OT rocnofla Bora Bcero xoponiero H xiy^mero B M H p e . . . Bo3JHo6xieHHbie . . . MOweT S H T B BBI yTpaTHJiH co3-HaHHe KaKoe SHJIO y npexiKOB H cKaweTe: MrocnoriH, KaK Mbi pa3JIH^IHM 3TH n y T H H n o f i x i e M BpaTaMH, 3a KOTOpblMH pacCTHJiaWTCH nOJIH B e i Horo nOKOfl [T.e., rryiiieBHoro noKon] H npecBeTJioro D,apcTBHH rocnoxia? B S T O M nHCBMe, SpaTiibi H c e c T p n i i b i , H BaM CKawy, ViTO JierKO H C B 0 6 0 X I H O p a S J I H ' y H T b H 3 H a T b K a X f l O M y MeJioBeKy; T O J i b K O HysHO C H J I B H O H ropn^o H KpenKO BepoBaTB H Jno6HTb rocnofla Bora Hainero, K O T O P H H XIJIH cnaceHHH Haniero He norHyuiajicn e c H TieBH-yecKoro •ypeBa H xiawe n o c T p a x i a j i 3a Hac. ncqeMy we H HaM He JHOSHTB E r o . . . O T B e e n xtyuiH H B c e M cepxtueM C B O H M . . . ecjiH y Hac 6yrieT O 6 K T 3 T B MHP, H c o r j i a -C H e , H JIK)6OBB flpyr K xtpyry . . . nocjie SToro M H F K O T O H yMHJiHTejibHoro ofipaiueHHH, neTp BacHJibeBH^: nepexoriHT K 6oJiee rxejioBOMy, H BMecTe c TeM, K 6oJiee cepbe3HOMy CTHJIW ero BbipaweHHH, wextan BucKa3aTbca o T O M , n o ero TpeBOWHJio B JKH3HH rj[yxo6op^:ecKoro xtBHweHHH. Ho ero C T H J I B BbipaweHMH H e 6HJI B rryxe BUMoraTeJitcTBa HJIH yKopa flOJiWHOCTHoro JiHiia, HO KaK rtpywecTBeHHoro H 6paTCKoro coBeT-HHKa K rj,py3bHM H S p a T b H M flyxo6opiiaM, c KeM O H pa3xieJiHJi H X Bceo6niyK) y^acTb . npojioJiweHHe nHCbMa c j i e x i y e T : )KeJiaio H npouiy Bac, SpaTiibi H cecTpHiibi, no3a6oTHTBca 06 S T O M H ecjin B H S T O cxtejiaeTe, T O cepjnie Moe CHJIBHO H C H J I B H O 6y.neT p a r ( O B a T B C H o Bac H BocxBaJiHT J j y u i a MOH OTiia Moero He6ecHoro O T K p a n 3eMJiH H JJO K p a n He6ec. Eme npouiy Bac, xtoporne, H e ccopbTecb H He oSnwaHTe oSHwaKDinHX Bac, a MOJiHTecb H 3a H H X Eory, 74 noTOMy n o O H H He BeijaioT, n o T B O P H T . 0, rocnojXH! HaBepHoe cyacneHO 6BIJIO coBepi i iHTBCH, n o 6 b i nyxoSopiibi pa3.fleJiHJiHCB. X O T H H CTpauiHO, npyra, H yacacHO, n o cpejiajiocB, HO na 6y,neT Ha Bee BOJIH OTiia Haiuero HebecHaro. Ho H 3a M H O T H X H3 Bac, SpaTiiu H c e c T p H i i b i , 60KICB H CTpaiUHT MeHH BaUI CJia6blH H XOflHIllHH Tyna H ciona flyx H, MoaceT, M H O T H M H3 Bac, eme npHneTcn nocTynHTB, KaK n o c T y n H J i a a c e H a JIbTOBa; H OIIHTB cKaacy B a M , Hpyrn, MoaceT, K O T O H3 Bac, npaBija, KOJie6JieT nyx coMHeHHH, T O acejiaio BaM O T n y n i H noxtKpenHTBCH B Bepe OTua HenocTnacHMoro. OIIHTB CKaacy B a M , n o B CTajje OTiia cjiOBecHBix OBeu, He 6BIJIO H He eyneT H H ^ e r o HacHJiBHoro, H MoaceT H3 Bac B C H K H H H3SpaTB nyTB no cBoeMy ycMOTpeHHio, noTOMy n o TenepB O H M o a c e T ii;yMaTB TaHHO B cepnue CBoeM, He Bepn, n o HH^ero HeT TafiHoro, no6bi He cneJiaj iocB HBHBIM. 0 C H P O T C K O M HMymecTBe, M H J i b i e Hpyrn, H H Torna eine CHJIBHO H e acejiaji, H T O n e p e n a T B e r o cyxiHJiHiny K e c a p e B y . . . H TenepB nofloacipiTe yace H O K O H i i a , *ieM Bee S T O KOH^IHTCH, a KpoMe eme H H^iero H e H a^HHaHTe—nycTB BJianeiOT n o K a , KOTopue jj;ep3HyjiH H a T a K o e C B H T O T a T C T B O . 0, rocnojjH, nojioacHM S T O He nepBbiH c J i y q a f t B nyxoSop-i i a x , HO Bepio H Bepio, n p y r n , n o co6paHHoe HMH c e p e -6po H 30J10T0 6yxi;eT H M B norH6eJiB. .. . . H npomy Bac, MHJibie SpaTiibi H c e c T p H i i b i , n o SojiBiue M H e ciona HH^ e r o He npncujiaHTe. y MeHH Bcero M H O T O 3flecB, H e a c e M H H y T H O 6jiarojj;apio rocnona Bora Moero H Bcex no6pbix jironeH, c n a c n B a c rocnoflH. npomaHTe, npomaHTe, H npomaHTe, ocTaiocB acHB H 3xjopoB, cJiaBa Bory. flo6poacejiaTejiB Bam H JTIOSHIUHH Bac H a B c e r n a y n e T p BacHJiBeBHa B e p n r H H . no nojiy^eHHio cero n n c B M a , — n n m e T CyxopeB ( H C T O P H H flyxodopiieB, C T P . 73)—H ycTHbix nepena'y: O T fleneraTOB, 6BIBIUHX y neTpa Bacnj iBeBH^ia , B UJeHKypcKe, nepBHM nojiroM OHH peniHJiH cflenaTB pa3xteJieHHe cpeBCTBaMH H X O 3 H H C T B O M C TeMH,> KOTopbie 3a S T O BpeMH odHHmajiH; H TaK KaK HMyiqecTBO C H P O T C K O T O noMa. n e p e -mjio B pyKH n a p T H H rySanoBBix, T O T e KOTopue noJiy^HJiH nojxnepacKy ocTaj iHCB 6e3 T a K O B o n ; nosTOMy flyxo6opii.bi 6OJIBIHO.H n a p T H H cneJiaJiH 75 n o r o j i o B H o e ypaBHeHHe H n o M o r n H npyr npyry.... TaKHM o6pa3 0M BCe CTajIH ejJHHUM 6paTCTBOM. 2) nHCBMO BTOPO.E Biopoe I I H C B M O , n o n n n c a H H o e B. oe-beflKOBBiM, n c e B f l O H H M O M neTpa BacHJiBeBH^ia—noTOMy n o B S T O B p e M H 3a HHM 6HIJIH y^HHeHbi o^ieHB cTporne nojinneHCKHe Han.3opbi—6BUIO nocnaHO H3 UleHKypcKa 14 O K T H 6 P H , 1894 r o n a . 3TO n n c B M o c o o 6 i i i a e T , n o n. B. Bepn-rHHa nepeKjno-qaioT H3 UleHKypcKa B Eepe30B, TO6OJIBCKOH rySepHHH, c npHSaBKOH flByx J i e T K cpoKy CCBIJIKH. TaK K a K p a c c T O H H H e n y T e i u e c T B H H 6bi.no C B e p x n o j i T o p b i TBICH^H B e p c i , OH peuiHJi e x a T B Ha C B O H c i e T , HHave HJJ;TH no a i a n y . Ho TaK KaK O H He M O T CJiaflHTBCH c Ha*ia.nBCTBOM H a c q e T C T O H M O C T H , e M y npHiujiocB H B T H S T a n o M . 06 3TOM, n o H C H e H n e 6y.neT B TpeTBeM nncBMe, a 3necB jiHuiB 3aMeTHM ero ^yBCTBO Hey,no6cTBa: K o H e ^ H O , 6y.neT HeMHoro He TaK ynobHo, na H 6oJiBine BpeMeHH n p o i i n e T , — 6BITB B nyTH, — HO n o see nejiaTB? rocnojxb Bor H H C V C X P H C T O C CKa3aji, n o HejiB3H c n y a c H T B jjByM rocnoii;aM:—Bory H MaMOHe, T O e c T B C B o e n n n o T H i . . . B nncBMe OH cnpaniHBaeT 6paTa HBaHa: 3a n o a p e c T O B a j i H BaHioiiiy KoHKHHa. E C J I H H eine 6y ,nyT a p e c T O B B i B a T b — S T O H H i e r o , T O J I B K O , n o 6 u 6HJTO 3a HCTHHy H B O cnaBy Tocnona Bora. C a M o e maBHoe n p O C H T B a c 6BITB CMHpeHHBIMH H K p O T K H M H BO BCeX flenax H cjiy^anx, a B ocTaJiBHOM TocnoxtB Bor noMOxceT HaM Ha H C T H H H O M n y T H . HBaH EBceeBHi K O H K H H , O H H H H3 caMbix nepenoBbix nyxo-6opneB, 6BIJI apecTOBaH, c qerapBMfl C B O H M H TOBapniiiaMH B 189 4 rony, H cocnaH B ropoxi; Me3eHB, ApxaHrejiBCKOH ry6epHHH, 76 OTKyria 6bin nepeBefleH B ropoxt OxreKMHHCK, H K Y T C K O H oSjiacTH. n o T O M O H acHJi H a YcT-HaTope, T O H ace oSxiacTH, B M e c T e c flpyrHMH cocJiaHHbiMH Tyjja rryxo6opiiaMH. 3) IIHCbMO TPETBE, K „H. H." (H3 JionoJiHeHHH K TlHC'B'MaM C T p . 1 4 6 ) 3TO IIHCBMO 6BIJIO HanHcaHO B „ApxHBe JlBBa HHKOJiaeBH^ia ToJiCToro", t* 8, 1896 roxia. YKa3aHue ,„H. H.", HaBepHO o6o3Ha-^;aeT oflHoro H3 T O J i c T O B i i e B , K K o i v i y O H O 6BIJIO HanHcaao. IIHCBMO KpaTKO onHCbiBaeT npoflOJiaceHHe nyTeiuecTBHH neTpa BacHJiBeBHxia, no 3Tany, H3 UleHKypcKa po MOCKBH. B MocKBe BepurnH HaxojiHJicH n H T B x i H e H B n e p e c B i J i B H O H T i o p B M e : 2 8 H O H S P H 189 4 rofla, C T a H . OjiapeBCKaH. 3 r t p a B C T B y H T e noporofi x i p y r ! HaKoneii - T O H Hjjy B Baiuy MocKBy . . . H KaK 6BI B H JxyMajm? no 3Tany, — rojiyS^HK MOH, c coxtxiaTaMH . . . flexto B T O M : n o no n p e x t n i i c a H H i o M H H H C T p a H nepe-BerieH H3 UleHKypcKa B Eepe30B, TO6OJIBCKOH rySepHHH. no S T a n y ace B O T no^ i e M y H Hrry. npaBHTeJIBCTBO H T y T BHrpaxto co MHOH L U T y K y . no oSBHBjreHHK), MHe cpa3y 6HJIO npexiJioaceHO noexaTB H a C B O H cpejJCTBa (c O H H H M npoBOjiHHKOM) , Ha n o H H jjaxt corjiacHe. ^aHZtapMCKHH UieHKypCKHH p O T M H C T e p , y3HaB 06 3TOM, CTan HOHOCHTBf „ n o TaKoro oriacHoro ^ejioBeKa, KaK BepHTHH, B HHKaKOM CJiy^ae HeJIB3H OTlXpaBHTB C OflHHM n p o B o a c a T H M r a Ha,no c psyMH H HenpHMeHHO naace c aceHxiapMaMH ". H n o ace? UextHH CJIHUIKOM MecHii no 3TOMy xiejiy BejiacB n e p e n n c K a , H Brrpyr MHe O6BHBHJIH , . n o HyacHO B3 H e C T H neHBTH 3a J X B y X n p O B O f l H H K O B , T y x i a H o6paTHO, — H n o e z t y T a c a H f l a p M H . 77 K o H e ^ H O , S T O M e H H n o c T a B H J i o B K p a f i H e e H e n o y M e H H e 1 , H e y a c e x c H M H H H C T P MOT H3MeHHTb cBoeMy c j i o B y ? H K o r r i a H y 3 H a j I , n o X t e H C T B H T e J I B H O O H T a K H n o c T y n H J T , T O HaoTpe3 OTKa3ajicH exaTB Ha C B O H c p e x i c T B a . TeM 6ojiee H M a T e p n a j i B H O BuxojxHJia r p o M a x i H a H pa3HHLia. no nepBOH CMeHe xio To6oJi&CKa M H e HyacHO 6BIJIO B 3 H e c m 220 py6jieH. n O T O M y : pa3 C OJ2HHM npOBOJJ iHHKOM, B T O p O e Mbi MOrJIH eme 3axBaTHTB o c e H H e r o nyTH, T O e c u . Ha napoxonax.— no B T o p o M y »ce npexiJioaceHHio 450 py6jieH. O T K y x t a r . M o r neTp B a c H J i B e B H a nocTaTB j r eHe r , I T O 6 H 3anJiaTHTb 3a noe3rn<y H He H H T H S T a n o M ? no B p e M e H a M , nocema-Kmine e r o J 2 y x o 6 o p i r b i , n e p e x i a B a j i H e M y O T 6 p a T B e B He6oJ iBUiHe cyMMbi fleHer Ha BCHKHe HyacflH. Ho OH He 6biJi C K o n n x t o M O M HJIH C K y n i i O M . OH B c e r a a y n o T p e 6 J i H J i B e e C B O H c p e f l C T B a H a H y s c f l b i 6exi;Hbix jnoxten . H3 n p o r i o j r a c e H H H SToro 3,necb nncbMa M O T H O y6e-x i H T b C H , n o M e M y OH peuiHJi HXITH S T a n o M : O n a c a n c B oKaaaTBca cpe6pojiK>6HBbiM B S T O M M S C T H O M c j i y ^ a e , H Kynnji H a 450 py6. KaTaHOK H oxtexxtbi; H pa3xiaji HHiiiHM L U e H K y p c K o r o y i a c T K a , a caM n o m e j i n o S T a n y r . i . . y j j j H B H T e J i B H o e B n e ^ a T J i e H H e n p o H 3 B e J i S T H M H a i u e H -K y p c K H X BooSme o 6 b i B a T e J i e H, a B o c o 6 e H H O C T H Ha *IHHOB-H H K O B . — T a K K a K y xaHjjapMCKoro 6HJIH x i a x c e Ha3Ha*ieHbi JHOJXH, K O T o p b i M n o e x a T b c o MHOH H B J j p y r , T a K HeoacH-, : j j a H H O ocTaTBCH Ha 6o6ax . . . [ T . e . , ocTaTBCH c n x i e T B Ha 6o6ax HJIH ocTaTBCH HH n p n t i e M ] . IlpH^HHa n e p e B O J j a T a , n o HecKOJiBKO pa3 H n o j i y ^ a j i n p e x t y n p e a c j j e H H H , H e K O P M H T B HHHIHX, a Tarae He n o M O -r a T & HeHMymHM. Ha n o H B nocjiejjHee B p e M H OKOirca-TejibHo o T B e T H J i : „ n o H e Mory c j i y i u a T B C H B a c 6ojiee, i e M rocnona Hncyca X p n c T a . I l o T O M y H S T O x ie j ia io , n o OH npH3BiBaeT nocTynaTB TaK." BTopoe s e e , — n p e j j S T H M H nocjiaji M H H H C T p y npocBSy, B K O T O P O H yKa3BiBaJi H a rpySoe B S H T o^iHHiecTBo 3aKaBKascKKx ^ H H O B K H K O B c M y a c H K O B , O T Kyxia H POXIHOH. KonHio c S T O H npocB6H H nocjiaji n o c j i e , KaK MHe O6BHBHJIH nepeBon,—B p e r x a K i i H i o „HerieJiH" H n p o c H J i 0 6 p a T H T B BHHMaHHe H a rpySblH n p O H 3 B O J I . 78 flo BOJIOTIIBI ocTajiocb nyTH eme OXIHH xieHb. Bee S T O paccTOKHne npomeji neniKOM, noTOMy rtaxi CJIOBO enie H3 UleHKypcKa. H rocnoiiB noMor MHe. X O T H nepBbin CTaHiiHH 6BIJIO oieHb THHcejio. Ha Horax o6pa30BajiHC& xiaace M030JIH. HO noTOM CKopo C B B I K C H . IIpHXOHHTe, T O J i y 6 ^ H K , yBHIIHMCH B MOCKBe. IIpocHTe T O J I B K O CMOTpHTeJIH, ^T06bl n03BOJIHJI CBHJJaHHe B K - a H i i e j i n p H H . B MocKBe npejjnojiaraio 6BITB flHen *iepe3 nHTb H 6y,ny, KOHeMHo, B nepecujiBHOM 3aMKe. Co MHOH exieT BCJiejj H BacHJiHH HBaHOBH^ [06BeriKOB: Toace OT6biBaH C P O K ccbiJiKH B ropo/je ApxaHrejiBCKe] . Bee S T O BpeMH npomeji 6oirpo H BeceJio. Bcero O T UleHKypcKa nyTH JJO BojiorjjBi 28 HHeft. . . norojja xopomafl . . . TOJIBKO B T O p O H JJ.eHB CHJIBHBIH M O P 0 3 . Ho n e u i K O M H T T H c a M o e xopomeei D,eJiyio Bac KpenKO. 3JJOPOB, cJiaBa Bory. BpaT Bam n. BepnrHH. 4) IIHCbMO ^ETBEPTOE-, K A. C. JJ. A. C. fl. (AjieKcen CeMeHOBH^ fl.) no3HaKOMHJicn c n. B. BepHTHHUM B MOCKOBCKOM ByTBipCKOM nepeCBIJIBHOM 3aMK6. A. C. JI. HanncaJi H H T e p e c H B i H JJHGBHHK 3a BpeMH CBoero TiopeMHoro 3HaKOM-CTBa c neTpoM BacHJiBeBH^eM, KOTOPBIH B nocJiexicTBHH nepenHCbi-BajicH c HHM nocjie npe6BiTHH B cejio 06,nopcK, T O 6 O J I B C K O H rySepHHH: 6 MapTa, 189 5 r . CeJio OSiippcK. 3xipaBCTByHTe, jjoporoH i r p y r AjieKcen CeMeHOBHi! HaKOHeii-TO H jjonieji JJO MecTa HOBaro XCHTGJIBCTBa H MeHH nocejiHJiH He B Bepe30Be,—KaK 6BIJIO o6i>HBJieHO, --a B 06xiopcKe. B T O S O J I B C K napTHH npH6bijia 8 $eBpajiH H MeHH H3 TKJPBMBI CeH^aC Xe OTIipaBHJIH B nOJIHIieHCKOe ynpaBJieHHe. Ha TpeTHH jjeHB BbiexajiH Ha 3eMCKHX 79 jioinajjHX, — c npoBoxtHHKOM H3 ropoxtoBbix, B Bepe30B. FIOBepCTHblX 3 H S K O B H e T , H O CMHTaiOT, K a K H 0 6 0 3 H a M e H O B KaneHnape, 1000 c JIHUIKOM BepcT . . . Ha B T O P O H H e H B OTnpaBHJTHCB B OSnopcK . . . 3jj;ecB npoexann y x c e H a o n e H H X , paccTOHTHe 500 B e p c T . . . 0 6 f l O p C K - - O C T H T C K O - 3 K p H H C K O e C e J I O . X \ H T e J I H SOJIBIUe pyccKHe ToprauiH: CKynaioT pbi6y, MHCO, niKypbi H OTnpa-CJIHIOT B TO6OJTBCK H nanee . . . B 06x(opcK napoxoiiu n p H X O i i H T o^eHB H o^ i e H B pei ( K O . . . cooSmeHHe cpoq-H o e H a JionKax B n B e H e n e n H pa3 . . . no 06,nopcKa. . . fla, .noporoH npyr AneKceH CeMeHOBH^i, B n y T H Haxo-HHJTCH Bcero T P H Mecflua H nBaniiaTb Ruen. fla H T O , CJiaBa Bory, npouiext cKopo, HHrne nononry He 3anep>KH-BajiH. Ha H B nyTH Bee KaK T O pa3Hoo6pa3Hee H BeceneH. BooSpaxcaio, KaKOBO BaM Sbuio cnneTb iienyio 3HMy B TiopBMe. lTpoiiiy, nocKopee OTBe^aHTe MHe . . . nocjie 3Toro, HaMH coKpameHHoro, onncaHHH H H T e p e c H o r o CBoero nyTemecTBHH, BepnrHH nepeiiaeT CBoeMy npyry C B O H BneiaTJieHHH 0 T i o p e M H O H XCH3HH B O o 6 m e : OTHOCHTejlBHO T O T O , n o B TKpBMaX M O X C e T CJiy^HJIOCB n o JTH6O BbinaioiiieecH,—HH^ero. T O J I B K O B Tyne o^eHB H o^ieHB MepaKaa T B p B M a H H a c T a M ^ y T B 6HJIO He 3 a M O -P 0 3 H J I H . ITpeiiCTaBTe ce6e, nonn caMaa c e p e n n H a 3HMBI, a O H H OTanjiHBaioT O H H H pa3 B uenemo. H S T O , H a CKOJIBKO 6bl n O K a 3 a J T O C B H e BepOHTHblM, H O K C O X C a J i e H H K ) , —<J>aKT. B T O P O H K a 3 y c : - - „ y H H X He cnenaHbi napauiKH1', — KaK O6BHCHHJIH Han3HpaTenH, c T a p u e xce coBceM „pacxyflHJiHCB" . TiopBMa H a 3anope H H3 BepxHHX KaMep B HHXCHHH I l O C T O f l H H a H T e ^ i B . MHe TaK HeBOJIBHO BKpaJiaCB M b l C J T B , n o K a 3 H a , 6bIB B C O C T O H H H H n O C T a B H T B TpeXb-3 T aXC HblH 3 3MOK , BepOHTHO C T O H I U H H JjaJieKO 3a C T O TblCHM, H e B C O C T O H H H H nepxcaTb K p e n K H X „ n a p a i u e K " . Ha B T O P O H xce xteHB H nonpocHJi flOKTopa H o6paTHJi ero B H H M a H H e , K O T O P H H TyT xce H a K p H*iajT Ha CMOTpHTenH, c TeM, „ n o O H HeMejj;jieHHO flOHeceT M H H H C T P Y o T S K O M 6e3o6pa3HH n . EHJIH MBI JJ;HH ^eTbipe H K a M e p u y x c e T o n n j i H C B K a x c n b i H neHB. „Te^ B " xce T a K H ocTanacb T e ^ B i o . He 3Haw, y c T p a H e H o JIH S T O T a M HJIH H no ceft Mac T a K . . . 3 a M e T H B i i i H BKpame rpygbie O T H o m e H H H K ccbuibHbiM B ^ i e J i H -6HHCKOH H EKaTepHH6yprcKOH TiopbMax, noTOMy n o H a f l 3 H p a T e n H 6BIJ1H MJ4paVyHbl" H H3 6HJIH TpeX CCblJIBHblX K a K T O J I B K O OHH BOUIJ1H 80 B B C - p O T a , BepHTHH 3aKJTK)-qHJI H 3 3 T O T O , n o y n p a B H T e J I H SblJIH MJieHaMH HcnpaBHTexiBHbix P O T . OH eme He 3Han, n o O H 6y , n e T x t e j i a T B B 06iiopcKe: pbi6Hbin npoMfaicen,—BPHJI JTH—MoweT S U T B oropojJHH^ecTBo B napHHKax... OTBe^can neTpy BacnjiBeBH^y B nHCBMe, AxieKcen CeMeHOBHM, B CBOH) o ^ e p e i i B , onncbiBaeT B „riHeBHHKe" C B o e TiopeMHoe 3aK.mo-•qeHHe B M O C K O B C K O H iieHTpaxtBHon nepecbuibHon TiopBMe. OH TaM 6bixt 3aKJiwqeH no noBoiiy ero 3anpeineHHoro 3 H a K O M C T B a c n. B. BepHTHHBiM. Ero pyKonHCB „H3 TiopBMbi"--6biJia Hane^aTaHa B 7 „ApxHBa JIBBa H. TojicToro" 1896 r . Ho TaK KaK cortepwaHne X I H e B H H K a XOTH O ^ t e H B H a 3 H J J a T e J l B H O — JIHLOB noBTopaeT p a 3 T O B O p BepnrnHa B ero nncBMax, n n c a T B 06 S T O M 3 i i e c b 6y;aeT n3JinniHe. 5) nHCbMO nHTOE n n c B M O nHToe 6bijio HanncaHO H 3 OSxiopcKa 30 M a n 189 5 r. KO BceM 6paTBHM n cecTpaM B 3aKaBKa3Be, K KOTopbiM BepnrnH i u j i e T M n p n SxtaroxiaTb n cjreriyiomnn c o B e T TIJIH JTH^HOH I H S H H : fljlH J i n ^ H O H JKH3HH H e J I O B e K a , no n O H H T H H M K O T O p O T O „ H a 3eMJie Bee ecTB co3flaHHe rocnoxia Bora" n cneiio-BaTejiBHo „ B M n p e H e H a B n r t e T B H e j i B 3 H HH^ero, K p o M e H e x o p o u i n x n o c i y n K O B " , — HeoSxoxiHMO TBepiio 3 H 3 T B F n o xopoiiio, n o xiypHO, n o Hy>KHO eMy xieJiaTB n n o HeT. A ^iTo6bi y 3 H a B a T B , n o xopoiuo n n o xtypHO, HaM r i a H a coBecTb n p a 3 y M , ToxibKO Ha/jo 6biTb C T p o r o BHHMaTeJIBHblM K C B O H M JjeJiaM. . . 6) nHCLMO IilECTOE, KO BceM xtyxoSopiiaM 6OJIBLUOH napTnn. 3TO nncBMO SHJIO HanncaHO n. B. BepnrnHbiM B 06xiopcKe n nocJiaHO KO BceM i r y x o e o p i i a M SOJIBLUOH napTnn. no ero conepwaHHio 81 3 T O nHCBMO nOJ!B3yeTCH rpOMaflHOH, TaKOH-)Ke H 3 B e e T H o c T B i o c ncajiMOM 144 B „5KHBOTHOH KHHre", „H3 o6mnx B3rjiH,noB xpncTHaH-C K O H O6IHHHBI BceMnpHoro 6paTCTBa". B „5KHBOTHOH KHHre", nHCBMO UJECTOE Ha3biBaeTCH „PaccKa30M" H Ha^HHaeTCH CJIOBaMH: „Bo3JiK)6-jieHHbiH SpaTeii..." a ncanoM 144 conepacHT B ce6e necHTB C T H X O B HJIH 3anoBeneH H iHTaeTcn ^uieHCTBOM Ha H X MoneHHHx H oKaHiHBa-e T C H cnoBaMH: „Bory HameMy cJiaBa". no CBeneHHio BJIaijHMHpa BoH^-BpyeBH'qa, o6a npoH3Be,neHHH n p H H a n n e a c a T nepy pyKOBOHHTenn xiyxoeop^ecKOH BOJIBUIOH n a p T H H , neTpy BacHJiBeBH-qy BepnraHy. Mu nOJIHOCTBK) CTaBHM BMeCTe 3TH flBa HaHBaHCHeHIIIHX npOH3BefleHHH BepnrHHa. OHH BnoJiHe onpeneJiniOT jjyxo6opqecKoe MHpoB033peHHe: nnc& M O m e c i o e : „Bo3JiK)6jieHHUH 6paTen, B rocnofle, Hncyce XpncTe, a c e j i a w no6ecex(OBaTB c T O 6 O H , noporon 6paTeii! B ^ e M 3aKJiio* iaeTCH T B O H Bepa?"—HcnoBenyio 3aKOH rocnona Moero Hncyca XpncTa H noHHMaio o H e M H e B H e n m e , a BHyTpeHHe. Korea MU acHBeM B B o n e OTna, rocnona H a m e r o , T O H rocnonB a c H B e T B Hac, OSCHBOTBOPHH Hac, npocBemaeT jiy^e3apHUM CBeTOM pa3yM Ham. )KejiaioinHe HcnojiHHTB BOJiK) OTLi.a HeSecHoro, nonacHu noKopHTB cepjxua C B O H nojj BjracTB rocnona. rocnonB.rnaroneT HaM: „Bu KynneHH noporoio ue .HOH, H e nenaHTecB paSaMH l e J i O B e K O B . no3HaHTe HCTHHy H HCTHHa OCB060HHT B a c " . [OT HoaH. 8:32.] npHHHMancB 3a S T O BenHKoe nejio, MU HOJOKHU co3HaTb, I T O H a m a H C K p e H H O C T B M o a c e T 6UTB nonBeprHyTa acecTOKHM HcnuTaHHHM. 3Ta 3aiiaia M o a c e T H a B j r e ^ B H a Hac OCKO.P-S j r e H H H , O S H H U , CTpanaHHH, n a a c e CMepTB. Hac oacHnaiOT: HenoHHMaHHe, noacHue T o n K O B a H H H , K J i e B e T a ; npoTHB Hac nojiacHU n o f l H H T b C f l noacB, 6ypn ropnocTH, <I>apHceHCTBa, ^ecTOJiioSHH, acecTOKHe npaBHTejiH, B j i a c T H—Bee S T O MOXCeT COejJHHHTBCH, M T O 6 U y H H M T O a C H T B Hac; T a K H M o6pa30M nocTynHJTH c HaiiMM rocnonoM BoroM HncycoM X P H C T O M , KOTopoMy MU cTpeMHMCH nonpaacaTB no Mepe CHJI C B O H X . Ho Hac He n o j r a c H u n y r a T B S T H yacacu; MU HaneeMCH He Ha jnoneH, a Ha BceMoryniero rocnona. 82 ECJIH MU OTKaaceMCH O T ^ejiOBeMecKoro 3acTynHHiecTBa, n o MOxeT nofljiepacaTB Hac, KaK He oxtHa B e p a , no6eac-riaioinaH Becb M H p . MH He 6yn;eM yjJHBJiHTBCH TeM ncnu-TaHHflM, KOTopbiM MH n o i i B eprny T H , a 6yxieM paflOBaTBCfl T O M y , n o yiiocTOHJiHCb pa3JjeJiHTB C T p a f l a H H H Tocnofla Hamero Hncyca XpHCTa. „BcJieiicTBHe Bcero 3Toro MU nepeiiaeM x i y i i i H C B O H Bory H BepHM TOMy, n o cKa3aHo, n o T O T , K T O ocTaBHT flOM C B O H , 6paTBeB H cecTep, OTlia HJIH MaTB , HJIH IieTeH, HJIH HaMCHTOe cBoe paxiH Tocnofla, T O T noJiy^HT B C T O p a 3 6oJiBiue H B napcTBHH HeSecHOM HacjieiiyeT acH3HB B e ^ H y i o . " 3ii.ecB BaacHO 3aMeTHTB, n o IleTp BacHJibeBH-q; MacTO B CBoeM noyieHHH napa$pa3HpyeT CMBICJI noyieHHH Hncyca XpncTa, K a K H B HacTOHiqeM cjiy^ae, HanpHMep: E B . O T MaTcJ). 19:29; O T MapKa 10:29-30. npojjojiweHHe cJ i e i ryeT: H T a K T B e p j i o Bepyn, He C M O T P H H a T O Bee, n o MoaceT BoopyacHTBCH ITPOTHB n a c , - - B HecoMHeHHoe Top-acecTBO n p a B j j b i , MU HaiieeMCH Ha p a 3 y M H coBecTB ^ c e J i O B e ^ e c T B a , a 6ojiee B c e r o H a c H J i y EoacBio, K O T O P O H H O J B K H H Bpy^HTB ce6H. XpncTHaHHHy oSeuiaTBCH B I I O B H -H O B e H H H JIKXIKM HJIH 3 a K O H a M JIKDXICKHM, BCe p a B H O , K a K HaHHBIIIHHCH X 0 3 H H H y paSOTHHK o6eniajicH 6u BMeCTe c TeM HcnojiHHTB Bee T O , n o eMy npnKaacyT ewe H \cyacne jnop,n% HeJiB3H cJiyacHTB JJByM rocnoriaM. XpHcmaHUH ocBo6oacflaeTCH O T -qeJioBe^ecKOH BJiacTH T e M , n o npn-3 H a e T H a i i , CO6OH orcHy BJiacTB—Bora H 3 a K O H , K O T O P H H 'eMy O T K P U T rocnoxtOM HncycoM X P H C T O M . OH co3HaeT ero B c a M O M cede H noxi^HHHeTCH TOJIBKO e M y . )KH3HB •yejioBeKa 3aKjiK_maeTCH B T O M , n o 6 u T B O P H T B He CBOKJ BOJIK ) , a BOJIIO Bora. XpHCTHaHHH MoaceT OBITB n o f l B e p -• r t i y T B e ^ H O M y H a c H j i H i o H • MpaceT 6UTB jiHineH TejiecHon CBo6oxtbi H BMecTe c T e M MoaceT 6HTB CBo6o;neH O T C B O H X CTpacTen. JiejiaioiiiHH rpex ecTB pa6 r p e x o B . XpHCTHaHHH CMHpeH H KpOTOK , H H C -KSM He CnOpHT, H H Ha K O T O He HanartaeT, HH npoTHB K O T O H e ynoTpe6jineT HacHJiHH, a HanpoTHB T O T O , caM nepeHocHT, H e n p n K O -' ~ .-CjioBHO, HacHJiHH H TeM noSeaqiaeT 3Jio. CJIOBO o ncajiMe 144 B „)KHBOTHOH KHiire", H3 O6HIHX B 3 T J I H -flOB XpHCTHaHCKOH OSlIlHHH BCeMHpHOrO SpaTCTBa: nO CBefleHHIO B. BoH'q-BpyeBH^a, S T O T ncaJiOM, K a K H npefluxtyuiee n n c B M O u i e c T o e , 6HJIH HanncaHH nepoM neTpa BacnjibeBH^a BepnrHHa B 1895-96 83 ronax. flyxo6opeii H . E . K O H K H H B C B o e M n n c B M e O T 12 xieKa6pH 1896 r . nniiieT: „3TH n e c H T B nyHKTOB MU c^HTaeM KaK 6u H O B U M npaBHJioM xpHCTHaHCKOH 5 K H 3 H H , HJIH H e c H T B 3anoBe,n.eH ^ . H o B a r o 3aBeTa". B . EoHq-EpyeBH^: nnineT: B 1896 r . H npocHJi jxyxoSopiia H . n. 06pocHMOBa OTBeTHTB MHe Ha Bonpoc: „B qeM 3aKJiwqaeTCH e r o Bepa?" OH O T B e T H J i M H e H M e H H O S T H M IIHCBMOM neTpa BacHJiBeBH^ia. („nncBMa" p C T P . 12.) flaJiBiue nnnieT B . EoHq-BpyeBH-q: 3TH OEIIIHE B3HJIHJJB1, npH3HaHHue Byxo6opn.aMH 3a nCaJIOM, CIHTaiOTCH HMH CaMbIM rJiaBHUM pyKOBOflCTBOM B H X TenepeniHefl »CH3HH. (npHMe^aHHe 88, „nHCBMa", CTp. 93, B . B . B . ) n 'GAJIOM 14 4: H3 OE IUHX B3rJIHflOB X P H C T H A H C K O H OBIUHHbl A / / B C E M H P H O R O B P A T C T B A — „ > K H B O T H A H K H H R A " . C T P . 153. 1. ^JieHu OSIUHHU yBaacaioT H JIK)6HT Bora, KaK Ha ^ a j i o BceMy cymecTByiomeMy. 2. YBaacaioT H O C T O H H C T B O H ^ecTB ^eJiOBeKa, KaK B caMOM cede, TaK paBHO H B ce6e ITOXI;O6HUX. 3. ^jieHu OGHIHHU C M O T P H T Ha Bee cymecTByiomee JIK)6OBHO H c BocxHmeHHeM. B S T O M HanpaBjieHHH cTaparoTCH Bocr iHTUBaTB jj;eTeH. 4. non CJIOBOM Bor ^JieHU O6IHHHH pa3yMeK>T: cHJiy JIIOSBH, CHJiy » C H 3 H H , KOTopafl xtajia Ha^ajio BceMy :y cymecTByiomeMy. 5. MHp COCTOHT H 3 HBH*eHHH; BCe CTpeMHTCH K c o B e p m e H C T B y H qepe3 S T O T npoiiecc CTapaeTCH coeflH-HHTBCH CO CBOHM Ha^aJIOM, KaK 6u B03BpaTHTB C03peBUIHH r u i o n ceMeHH. 6. Bo BceM cymecTByiomeM Hamero MHpa MU B H H H M nepexoflHue CTyneHH K coBepmeHCTBy, KaK HanpHMep, na^HHaeTCH c K S M H H , nepexonHT K pacieHHHM, noTOM JKHBOTHUM, H 3 KOTOpUX C 3 M H M KpaHHHM MOWHO CTHTaTb •qejiOBeKa B C M U c n e JKH3HH, B CMbicJie MucJininero co3,naHHH. 7. yHHMTOKaTb, pa3pymaTB I T O 6U HH 6UJIO, qjieHU OSIUHHH c^HTaioT npeflocyflHTejiBHUM, B KascnoM OTitejTB-HOM npeflMeTe ecTB »CH3HB, a cjienoBaTeJiBHO H Bor, B oco6eHHOcTH see B MejiOBeKe. JIHUIHTB >KH3HH qejio-Bena H H B KaKOM cjiyq:ae Heno3BOjrHTexiBHO. 8. ^xieHu O6UIHHU B CBoeM ySewneHHH nonycKaioT noJiHeHuiyio cBo6on.y BceMy cymecTByiomeMy, B T O M •qncjie H cymecTBOBaHHH HejioBeKa. BcHKaa opraHH3aiiHH, ycTaHOBJieHHan HacHJineM, ciHTaeTCH He3aKOHHOH. 9t TJiaBHOH O C H O B O H cymecTBOBaHHH qexioBeKa cjiyxcHT SHeprHH MUCJTH, pa3yM. I l H m e H BemecTBeHHOH cJiyxcaT: B03flyx, Bona, $pyKTu H OBOIUH. 10. flonycKaeTCH o6mHHHan >KH3HB B qexiOBeKax, nepxcamancH Ha 3aKOHe HpaBCTBeHHOH C H J I U , npaBHJioM KOToporo cjiyacHT: Mero ce6e He xo^iy, Toro He nonKeH aceJiaTB flpyroMy. Bory HAiiiEMy C J I A B A . [IIpHM. : cjioBa „Bory H a m e M y cxiaBa", npH6aBJieHH n.yxo6opn .aMH, K a K n p n 3 H a K B 0 3 B e n e H H H „o6mHX B 3 r a n n o B " Ha CTeneHB „ncajiMa". 3aMeqaTejiBHbiH n.yxo6open. H. E. K O H K H H , B 1896 rony, nnineT: „3TH necHTB nyHKTOB MU CIHTaeM K a K 6 U OCHOBHUM n p a B H J IOM X p H C T H a H C K O H 5KH3HH, HJTH flecHTb 3anoBexi;eH „HoBoro 3aBeTa". ( „ F l H C B M a " , C T p . 9 4.)] LTHCbMA: 7, 14, 22, H 42, n. B. BepnrHHa, K ToncTOBiiy HBaHy MnxaHJioBH-qy TperySoBy—H 3SpaHHue \iacTHixu Ha TeMy „rPAMOTHOCTH" 7) B n H C B M e cenBMOM, n. B. BepHTHH BUCKa3UBaeT CBoe MHeHHe O rpaMOT H O C T H H KHHTaX. XOTH OH C a M HOBOJIBHO rpaMOT H U H , HO eMy KaaceTCH,' n o rpaMOTHOCTB He coBceM nojre3Ha HJTH OTfcJCKHBaHHH H C T H H U H 3flpaBOTO CMUCJia XCH3HH. OH ITHUieT : B T a K O M I T O B e p H T B C H n o T O M y n o flejie, KaK HCKaHHe H C T H H U , He cnextyeT KHHre. Kaxcnan KHHra He coBepmeHHa, KaK $ o p M a HJTH HeoflymeBJTeHHan Beinb. 85 H XOTH . . . K H H T H M H o r o n o M o r a i o T B p a 3 p e u i e H H H B O n p O C O B , HO TaKace HHorxta H MH O T O 3 a T p y j j H H i o T. Torxia K a K Bam co6cTBeHHHH r o j i o c npH3HBa, H H K o r f l a Bac He o S M a H e T , JIHUIB 6BI BauiH a c e n a H H H 6BIJIH H C K p e H H b i , T O e c T B no6bi n o j i H o c T B K ) n p H c y T C T B O B a x t a rryiiia [HJIH c o B e c T B ] . ECJIH 3 a M e i a B T C H K O J i e S a H H H , He HyacHO Ha'iHHaTB jjencTBOBaTB. 14) B nHCBMe ^eTHpHaiiiiaTOM B e p n r H H He c o r j i a i u a e T C H H C T e M , ^ T O r p a M O T H O C T B CJiyaCHT BaaCHBIM n O C O S H H K O M B pa3 BHTHH H p a B C T B e H H o r o H y M C T B e H H o r o ^eJiOBeKa. no e r o MHeHHio, S T O offlH6oMHO: BcnOMHHTe, CKOJIBKO 6BIJIO HpaBCTBeHHO -pa3yMHBix jiioneH coBepmeHHo HerpaMOTHBix, n a MoaceT cen^ac ecTB HecKOJiBKO MHJIJIHOHOB; HaoSopoT, BCMOTpHTecB B r p a -MOTHBIH JIK)JJ, H 6e3 n p H C T p a c T H H MoacHO CKa33TB , n o oieHB H oieHB rpoMax(HbiH npoiieHT H3 H H X MOIUSHHHKH H m y j i e p a . ( C T p . 28.) HO H3 3 T O T O O T p H I i a T e J I B H O T O OTHOIIieHHH K COBpeMeHHOH n o c T a H O B K e o6pa30BaHHH, K O T o p o e n a e T „ r p a M O T H O C T B " , n o n p e -H M y m e c T B y , B pyKH S K c n j i y a T a T o p o B , BOBce He cjieiryeT rieJiaTB T o r o saKJiio ^ e H H H , n o n e T p B a c H J i B e B H a c o B e p n i e H H O He n p H 3 H a e T nOJIB3BI O T K H H T , rpaMOTHOCTB H 06pa30BaHHH . B nHCBMe COpO" K O B O M ( K I laBJ iy HBaHOBH^y E n p i O K O B y ) , O H nnmeT: 40) 9L XOTH H npOTHB r p a M O T H O C T B , HO rpaMOTHOCTB, H C ^ H T a i O K a K l a C T B I l H B H J T H 3 a i I H H , K O T O p y K ) , T O eCTB IIHBHJIH3aiiHK), KaK O H a c e i i q a c ecTB,—H c^HTaio He3aKOH-H O H , B T O M ^ H C J i e , KOHe^IHO, H r p a M O T H O C T B . HO JIH^ IHO npoTHB rpaMOTHOCTB H H H i e r o He HMeio. fla H n p n T O M , B03MOaCHO-JIH npH HHMaT B T3KBe l a C T H b i e HBJieHHH „Heco-rjiacHH 1', nojj;o6HO MoeMy? 3TO p a B H o c H J i B H O Kamre B Mope. BBI He npHMHTe TaK,— [ O H nnmeT T p e r y 6 o B y ] — n o H He npH3Haio K H H T , 3 a K O T o p u e B T O P H ^ H O Bac 6jiaroxiapio . . . I IpHCBiJiaHTe H "eme, e c j i n n o 6yxieTe H3JjaBaTB, TOJIBKO no6BI 6B1JIO ^BCTO X p H C T H a H C K O e . ( I lBCBMO 7.) 86 B nocjieflHee B p e M H BepnrHH CTaxt O T H O C H T B C H K „o6pa30-BaHHOCTn" MeHee OTpniiaTenBHO. 3TO n p o H 3 o u i j i o , HecoMHeHHO non B J i H H H u e M n n c e M J l B B a HH« O J i a e B H q a TojicToro (flBa riHCBMa ToncToro K B e p H T H H y o KOTOPBIX MBI cKaxceM HHHte) , a eme H n o T O M y I T O O H , 3aityMaBiUHCB Haxi; S T H M B o n p o c o M JJ;XIH CBoefi jj;yxo6opq:ecKOH o6mHHH, B cJiy^aH ee n e p e c e n e H H H B KaHaxty, nprnneji K 3aKnioq:eHHio, n o B C B O 6 O B H O H CTpaHe, rne H e T TaKoro nary6Horo BJIHHHHH CBHiqeHCTBa H r o c n o f l C T B y i o m e H iiepKBH, rxte SyneT MOSCHO n o c T a B H T B BiroJiHe CBOSOflHO H p a 3 y M H O , n rpaMOTHOCTB" H o6pa30BaHHe, KOTOpbie 6H SblJTH He TOJIbKO nOJie3HbI, H O H Heo6XOHHMbI . B n H C B M e copoK B T O P O M K Tpery6oBy, neTp B a c H J i b e B H q n n i u e T : 42) 3a ce6n CKaxcy: c a M O H r j i a B H O H Heo6xojJHMOCTBio c^HTaio y c B O H T B flyx XpHCTa, xtyx M H p a , J B O 6 B H , — a B T O M , n o Hac p a c c e x i H T HJIH BbieeJiHT Kyna J I H 6 O — n e j i o 6e3pa3JiHqHoe .. .. . ECJIH BHceJiHT Hac Kyna JIH6O B OX(HO M e c T O , T O H Ha^HHaw yxce n p e n c T a B J i H T B Ty B O 3 -M o x c H y i o »CH3HB. Mbi ee Ha^iajiH 6bi, c noMomBio Bora, H a c o B e p i u e H H O oSIIJHH H H X , 6paTCKHX ocHOBaHHHX. Vcr YcTpoHjiH 6BI n i K O J i b i r p a M O T H O C T H , nocTapaxiHCb 6bi y c T a -H O B H T B n p a B H J i B H H e O T H O i u e H H H K 3eMne, n o O T i i e j i y ceJiBCKoro x o 3 H » c T B a H T O M y n o f l o 6 H o e . ( C T P . 1 0 7 . ) B nnc&Me u i e c T H n e c H T O M ( C T P . 1 3 2 ) K H3K)MqeHKO, neTp BacHJiBeBHa n n i i i e T : 6 0 ) MHe nHUiyT, n o B AMepHKe Boo6ine o6y*ieHHe rpaMOTHOCTH o6H3aTejiBHO. 3TO TeM J i y q m e , noTOMy n o n p o c T a n rpaMOTHOCTB HeoSxoflHMa, K a K noco6ne B »CH3HH, HanpHMep: n o 6 n yMeTB npo^HTaTB H HanH-caTB. He H a n o noHHMaTB, n o rpaMOTHOCTB nojioxcn-TenBHo npocBeTHT ^enoBeKa, HO noBTopnio, O H a MoxceT 6HTB noco6neM H q e n o B e K , ^HTan K H H T H , MoxceT n p n -o6pecTB cBefleHHH, a TaKxce MHOTIB ero oyneT pa3BH-B a T B C H . . . EcnH HaiUHM Bor flaCT y C T p O H T B C H B AMepHKe, T O o6y^:eHHe rpaMOTe naxce Heo6xoHHMO. KTO 6Hn H3K)M^eHKO? HHKOJiaH TpO$HMOBHM H3MOTeHKO, 8 7 TOJICTCBeil, OT 6bIB 3.H BOHHCKVK) n O B H H H O C T B , „ 3 a HeHCnOJIHeHHe npHKa3aHHH" poTHoro KOMaHjjpa He -yHTaTB K H H T , 6UJI B 1 8 9 1 r . npnroBopeH cyjjOM K 5 0 yiiapaM po3or. Y3HaB 06 S T O M npHroBope O H y6eacaji H3 nojina H npHweJi K x r p y r y CBoeMy E. H. JJpoaoKHHy, HaxoxiHBiiieMycH B T O BpeMH B roporie Cynace,' XapbKOBCKon ry6epHHH, ^epe3 HeKOTopoe BpeMH O H , no coBeiy C B O H X xi;py3eH, B H O B B Bep-HyxtcH B nojiK, OTflaJi pywBe H 0TKa3ajrcH O T BoeHHOH cjiyacobi. BoeHHbie BJiacTH HeMejjJieHHO apecTOBaJiH H3K>ivraeHKO, noca-JJHJIH cHa^ajia Ha raynTBaxTy, a noTOM B ceKpeTHyio KaMepy Ha 1 5 MecHiieB. IlepenaHHbiH BoeHHOMy cyxiy no BBico^aHuieMy noBejieHHio, H3K)M^ieHKO 6BIJI npacyxfleH Ha JjBa roxta iiHciiHnJiHHapHoro SaTajiHOHa. nocjie .... no JiH^HOMy npHKa3aHHio AjieKcaHxrpa I I I , O H 6HJI BbicjiaH Ha TpH rofla B To6ojiBCKyio r y 6 . , HO S T H „ T P H roxta" T H H Y J I H C B JJO 1 8 9 8 r. (IlpHM. : ,,IlHCBMa" B. B. B. , C T p . 3 4 ) . Maccbi iiyxo6op-u,eB, BKjno^aH n. B. BepnrHHa, nepeTepneJin 6ojiee rpy6ue H CTpaxiajiB^iecKHe HcnbiTaHHH. Mu yace 3aMeTHJiH, n o B nncBMax 7 -M, 1 4 - M , 2 2 - M H 4 2 - M , nocxiaHHUx K HBaHy M. Tpery6oBy, neTp BacHJiBeBHa BupaacaxtCH, xto c T e n e H H , OTpni iaTe j iBHo o KHHrax H O rpaMOTHOM o6pa30BaHHH. Tpery6oB ace, B CBOIO o^epexcb n e p e n H C U B a j i c n c JI. H. T O J I C T H M , nepecujian eMy B u m e yKa3aHHbie nncBMa BepnrHHa O T H O C H T S J I B H O ,IrpaMOTHOCTH". T O J I C T O H He coBceM corjiaiuaJiCH c BepnrnHUM, n J I H ^ H O HanncaJi eMy 06 S T O M nepBoe n n c B M O . BaacHOCTB S T O T O nncbMa 3aKJiiOMaeTCH B T O M , n o X O T H O H O He c o B c e M nepeMeHHJio B3rjiHJju BepnrnHa no OTHomeHHK) K rpaMOTHOCTH, o6pa30BaHHOCTH 88 H 6H,6jIHO$HJIBCTBy, OHO BCe-TaKH 3 Ha^IHTeJIBHO CMflr^IHJIO H , B H e K O T O p B I X O S C T O H T e J T B C T B a X , C O B C e M H3MeHHJIO e T O O T p H l i a T e J I B H H e B3rjiHJjbi no n o B O J i y „ r p a M O T H O C T n " . no6bi HCHee n o H H T B , n o no6yiiHJio JlBBa H. T o J i C T o r o HanHcaTB BTopoe IIHCBMO B e p n r H H y , HyacHO npejJCTaBHTB npn^HHy. B e p H T H H n e p e n H C U B a J i C H c Hs io iv r aeHKO, a H3K>ivra:eHKO B CBOIO o^epe/jB n e p e n n c u B a J i C H c TOJICTBIM H n e p e c B i J i a J i e M y n n c B M a B e p n r H H a . OflHO H3 nepecBijiBHbix nnceM SBIJIO n n c B M O 1 7 - e , B K O T O P O M B e p n r H H , 3 H 3 H O TOJICTOM JIHUIB n o HaCJIBUlIKe, B b i p a 3 H J I C H C K p H T H K O H n p O T H B HeKOTOpBIX, 6yjJTO T O J I C T O B C K H X , n O H H T H H O IIHBHJIH3;aiIHH H T . n . T e w a x . B n H C B M e B e p n r H H n n i i i e T : 17) flojKHBaH nepBbifi cpoK B A p x a H r e J i B C K o i i ry6ep-HHH, Ha B03BpaTHOM nyTH H x o T e x i HenpeMeHHO no6uTB y JI. H. T o J i C T o r o . 3TO He y i i a j i o c B . B *ieM 3aKJiK>-.• a••-aaesECH eE03$Hxioco$HH;? ^ ^ H p o H S B e H e H H H ero.-jr«He-:a*iHTaJi. TOJIBKO noEHa'CTiBiiiKe 3Haio, n o OH OTpniiaeT 3 aKOHHOCTB coBpeMeHHofi H I I H B H J I H 3 a i i H H " , T O e c T B n p o r p e c c b i e n . ECJIH e r o n x i e a j i o c T a H O B H J i C H Ha uiHTBe c a p o r . , — H S T O H roBopw c e p B e 3 H O , — H TOMy n o x i o S H O H o B c T a H O B K e 6biTa ^eJiOBeKa, T O S T O , K O H G H H O , BBIHIJIO 6BI o^eHB H o i e H B H e n o c j i e x i O B a T e J i B H O , n o T O M y n o , •no6bi IUHTB c a n o r n , HyaCHBI UIHJIBH, UIHJIBH ace , K a K H 3 B e C T H O , BBipa6aTbIBaH)TCfl H a $a6pHKax, a cJienoBaTejiBHO H e j i B 3 H 3 a K p b i T B - pyjJHHKH, r x i e M y ^ a i o T C H JIKIXIH, O T K y n o B a x t o o b i B a e T C H p y i j a . ECJIH ace JleB HHKOJiaeBH'y: jjyMaeT nocjie / j O B a T e J i B H O—OT npocTBix c a n o r o6yTB B JianTH, T O O T jianTen •^ejioBe'^ecTBO jjojiacHO JIH Jiajiee nporpeccnpoBaTB K coBepuieHCTBy? OJIHOH HpaBCTBeHHo-MopajiBHOH nponoBerrn HeflocTaTOTHO, n o T O M y n o H a m a MopajiBHan cncTeMa c o n p n a c e H a c BemecTBeHHOH, T O e c T B n o T O M y , n o jjyx coexiHHeH c nJioTBio, i i y i i i a Hama o c j j i e^eHaBBunJ ioTB. ( C T P . 45.) 3T,O. 1.7-e'' n n c B M O B e p n r H H a K H3K)M^eHKo oie.Hb H J i H H H o e H, n o OTHOUieHHK) K HpaBCTBeHHO-<J>HJIOCO<I)CKHM pa3Iv !blIIIJieHHHM T O J I C T O r O , O H O saKJUo^aJio B ce6e ^pe3*iyp CJToacHbie n n p e i i n o J i o a c H T e j i B H B i e apryMeHTH. 89 nepe^HTHiBaH S T O nepecujiBHoe nHCBMO BepnrHHa K H3K>M-i e H K O , KOTOpoe 3auenH.no T O J I C T O T O JIHMHO, O H ySennncH, n o BepnrHH 6BUI HenpaBHJiBHO ocBeflOMneH o ero ( T O J I C T O B C K H X ) pa3-MbmineHHHx, a caM, BepHTHH, OUIHSOMHO TOJiKOBaji TeMbi rpaMOT-HOCTH, nporpeCCa COBpeMeHHOH UHBHJIH3aUHH, CpH3HqeCKOH H WpH-B3CTBeHHO-flyXOBHOH HeHTeJIBHOCTH MeJIOBeKa H pOXtCTBeHHbie TeMbl. BaacHO 3flecB floSaBHTB, n o c 1894 no 1896 r . , T O J I C T O H , no CBeneHHK) C B O H X nocJienoBaTejien ToncTOBueB, 3Han BepnrHHa nyqnie, ^eM BepHTHH 3Han T O J I C T O T O . TOJIBKO no nponeHHio pyKo-nncH T o j i d o r o : ..IJapcTBO Bome BHyTpn Bac" („IlHCBMa", C T P . 162), BepHTHH y3Han o BejiHiHH xapaKTepa T O J I C T O T O H O cxoncTBeHHocTH ero: CTpeMJieHHH co C B O H M H . T O J I C T O H , B CBOH) o^epenB, BBICOKO oueHHBaji xapaKTep BepurHHa H ero caMOOTBepsceHHyio fleHTenBHOCTB H noTOMy CHJibHO y^acTBOBaji B nejie ocBoboacneHHH n.yxo6opueB, H caMoro BepurHHa, H3 C C B I J I K H — O T THeTa HajioseHHoro na H H X pyCCKHM npaBHTeJIBCTBOM H flyXOBeHCTBOM. IIHCBMA JI.- Hv TOJICTOrO K n. B. BEPHrHHY a) nHCBMO nEPBOE [EBIJIO HaneqaTaHO B „ C B O 6 O H H O H MBICJIH", H 11, 1900 r . , l e H e B a . ] floporoH 6paT! H. M. TperySoB npncjian MHe Bame nHCBMO K HeMy H H o^eHB paHOBancH, iHTafl ero, pano-Bancfl TOMy, n o y3Han npo Bac H KaK 6y.ii.TO ycjiBixan Bam rojioc, noHHJi, o ieM BBI nyMaeTe H ieM xcHBeTe. Bn»cy H3 nHCBMa Bamero, n o BBI s c H B e T e B nyxoBHOM MHpe H 3aHHTBi xtyxoBHBiMH BonpocaMH. A HJIH 6jiara •qenoBeKa S T O rnaBHoe, noTOMy n o T O J I B K O B flyxe 90 •qejiOBeK cBo6oxieH H T O J I B K O n y x o M T B O P H T C H neno Eoacne H T O J I B K O B xtyxe ^ e j i o B e K ^iyBCTByeT ce6n B en.HHeHHH c EoroM, T a K KaK „Bor e c T B n.yx". MHCJTH B H C K a 3 H B a -eMBie BaMH B rracBMe o npeHMyaiecTBax acHBoro o6ineHHH Hajj; MepTBoa K H K P O H [nojxqepKHBaHHe Moe — T.K. ] , M H e o i e H b n o H p a B H J i H C B H H p a 3 f l e j i H K ) H X . H n n m y KHHra H n o T O M y 3Haio B e c B T O T B p e H f K O T O P H H O H H n p o -H 3 B O J J H T , 3 H a K ) f K a K JEOHH He SteJiaiOIUHe n p H H H T B HCTHHy, yMeioT He ^HTaTB HJIH He noHHMaTB Toro, I T O H M n p o T H B u i e p c T H H o 6 j i H q a e T H X , KaK nepeTQjiKOBBiBaioT H H 3 B p a -maioT, KaK O H H nepeTOJiKOBajiH E B a H r e J i n e . Bee S T O H 3Haio, HO Bce-TaKH cMHTaio B Hauie BpeMH K H H r y H e n 3 T -SeacHOK). H roBopio: B Hauie BpeMH, B n p o T H B o n o j i o a c -H O C T B BpeMeHaM eBaHrejiBCKHM, Korfla He 6BUIO ne*ia-TaHHH, He 6bino K H H T , H cpextcTBO pacnpocTpaHeHHH M u c J i e S 6BIJIO T O J I B K O ycTHoe. Torna MOSCHO 6HJIO 06x0-J J H T B C H 6e3 K H H T H , n o T O M y n o H y B p a r o B H C T H H H He 6HJIO K H H r a : T e n e p B ace H e j i B 3 H n p e f l C T a B J i H T B OHHHM BparaM S T O MorymecTBeHHoe Qpynne HJIH oSMaHa H He nOJIB30BaTBCH HM flJTH H C T H H H . He n O J I B 3 0 B a T B C H K H H T O H HJIH n H C B M O M fljifl n e p e n a ^ H C B O H X M H C J i e n HJIH B o c n p n -H T H H MHCJieft n p y r a x raonen Bee paBHO, n o He n o J i B 3 0 -BaTBCH CHJIOH CBoero ronoca JjJiH n e p e n a ^ H c p a 3 y M H O T H M JIIOJXHM T o r o , n o HMeeniB CKa3aTB, H C B O H M c nyxoM HJIH Toro, n o 6 H IIOHHTB T O , n o r p o M K O roBopHT n p y r o n M e J I O B e K , a npH3 H a B a T B B03MOaCHOCTB H BOCnpHHTHH M U C J i e H TOJIBKO OJXHH H a OJJHH H J I H UIOnOTOM. IIHCBMO H ne^aTB T O J I B K O y B e j i n^HJ iH B T H C H M H , C O T H H T H C H I p a 3 •qHCJio m o n e H , K O T O P H M MoaceT 6HTB c j i H m e H BHpaacaiomHH C B O H MHCJIH, HO O T H O i u e H H e Meacny BHpaacaiomHM H B o c n p n -v • •':aHHMaiofflHMaocTaeTCH>KT.o ace: KaK B ycTHOH 6ecen.e cjiyma-HDIUHH MOXCeT B H H K H y T B H n O H H M a T B H J I H MOXCeT T O M H O TaKace n p o n y c K a T B MHMO yiueft T O , n o e M y T O B O P H T C H , T O ace H B n e ^ a T H ; K a K M o a c e T ^ H T a r o n n i H K H H r y B K P H B B H B K O C B n e p e T O J i K O B H B a T B ee, TaKace H c j iyiiiaiomHH y u i a M H ; K a K B K H H T a X MOSCHO K a K Mbi S T O H B H f l H M MHO T O I I H C a T b jiHiiiHero H nycToro, T a K T O T H O MoacHO H T O B O P H T B . Pa3-H H i i a ecTB, HO pa3HHiia HHorna B nojiB3y ycTHoro, HHoriia B noJiB3y ne^aTHoro oSmeHHH. 3necB n p H X O H H T C H ^ n o c T a B H T B p n p H M O H O B p n p o c : - = T x a T © Bepw-U H H nonpa3yMeBaeT noxt n n p e H M y m e c T B O M a c H B o r o o6meHHH H a n M e p T -B O H K H H T O H " ? H.OJX „aCHBHM 06lIieHHeM" OH n O J X p a 3 y M e B a e T y C T H H H pa3roBop Meacfly JJBYMH JIKIJJBMH, ycTHyw 6ece,ny Meacny MHOTHMH HJIH pe^ B oziHoro B n p H c y T C T B H H M H o r a x cjiyiuaTeJieH. Eton. „ M e p T B O H 9 1 K H H T O H " O H nojjpa3yMeBaeT ne^aTHoe HJIH nncBMeHHoe CJIOBO HJIH i T e H K H r p a M O T H b i x jironeH. 3,necb MOXCHO c o r j i a c H T B C H c T e M , n o MejiOBeK He MoxceT pa3roBapHBaTB TaK H H T H M H O c K H H T O H t v.Kco C B O H M flpyroM HJIH npyraM ^ejioBeKOM. Ho **epe3 KHHry HJIH 3anncB HJIH n H C B M O O T npyra,' ^ ejiOBeK Bee xce MoxceT B O C I I P H H H T B xcHBoe oGmeHHe c npyr-HMH n i o n B M H . noTOMy, „npeHMymecTBa", 3,necB, B S T H X flByx o 6 c T O H T e J i B C T B a x , s a H H M a e T c o B c e M nepexoflHyio cfyHKiiHio HJIH B B i r o f l y . 0 6 S T O H nepexo.ii.HOH B B i r o n e T O J I C T O H n a n B i u e , TaK H P K O O H y6e,n,HTejiBHO, nniiieT: Bbirona ycTHOH n e p e n a ^ H Ta, n o cnyiuaTejiB •qyBCT-ByeT flymy r-OBopHiuero, HO TyT xce H HeBbirona Ta, n o O ^ O H B ^acTo nycTbie roBopyHbi, KaK HanpHMep anBOKaTH, o n a p e H H B i e n a p o M e n o B a , y B J i e K a i o T j n o n e H H e pa3yMHOCTBio pe-qn, a M a c T e p c T B O M o p a T o p c K o r o H C K y c c T B a , ^ero H e T npn K H H r e ; Bbirona npyran ycTHOH n e p e n a ^ H T a , n o HenoHHBiiiHH MoxceT nepecnpocHTB, 3aTo HeBHroaa Ta, n o HenoHHMaioiuHe, i a c T o Hapo^Ho HenoHHMaioiiiHe, JTKWH MoryT c n p a u i H B a T B T O , n o He HyxcHO, H nepeSHBaTB xon; MbicJiH, Mero Toxce HeT npn KHHre. HeBBironfai KHHra Te, n o B O 1-x 6yMara Bee TepnHT H MOXCHO n e i a i a T B BCHKHH B3JI.OP, CTOK>mHH T3KHX O r p O M H b l X TpyflOB paSOMHX 6yMarn H THnorpacpmHKOB, *iero HejiB3H nenaTB npn y c T H O H nepena^ie, noTOMy n o He cTaHyT cjiymaTB B3,n,op; B O 2-x Te, n o O H H ( K H H T H ) p a 3 p a c T a i o T C H B O T P O M H O M K O J i H ^ e c T B e H xoponiHe T e p H i o T C H B Mope r n y n b i x , n y c T b i x H BpeflHBIX K H H T . HO 3aTO BbirOnbl n e ^ a T H TOXCe BeJIHKH H C O C T O H T r n a B H o e B T O M , n o Kpyr c J i y i u a T e j i e n p a 3 -flBHraeTCfl B C O T H H , TBICHMH pa3 npoTHB CJiyiuaTeneH y C T H O H pe^H . T O J I C T O H npenaeT 6onBiuoe 3Ha^eHHe yBenH^HBaHHio Kpyra xiHTaTenef i ; JierKO HafiTH npHMep: no nponeHHio npoH3Be.ii.eHHH T o n c T o r o — B M H P O B O M MacuiTage—3aKmoqaKmiHX B ce6e xyxi;oxcecT-BeHHbie H xiyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHbie noy^eHHH XpncTa,—UHTHpyn E B . O T MaT$. 5 : 3 9 , o „HeconpoTHBneHHH 3 n y HacHJineM"—o6pa30Ba-nacB HfleHHo-HpaBCTBeHHaa corjiacoBaHHocTB Mexcny ToncTOBiiaMH, 92 H y x o 6 o p i i a M H , ' n o c j i e x t O B a T e J T H M H r a H r t H vs. fl. K e H H y o p T H , K B a K e p a M H — M H p o B a n corjiacoBaHHOCTB naiiH$HCTOB P O C C H H , HHJJHH, AHTJTHH, A M e p H K H H M H o r a x npyrHX C T p a H — H 3Ta c o r x t a e o B a H H O C T B He o c i a -B a j i a c B 6e3JjeficTBeHHOH, HHa*ie JJJIH x t y x o d o p ^ e c T B a i r p y r o r o B B i x o j j a He 6BIJIO 6BI, KpoMe B03BpameHHH noxi cTporyio BJiacTB c a M o i i e p a c a B H H H nofl B e p o H c n o B e x t a H H e n p a B O C J i a B H o r o flyxoBeHCTBa HJIH nocTeneH-Hoe pa3o6weHHe H rnGeJiB B XOJIOIIHOH CH6HPH. C nojiHHM co3HaHHeM n o j j o 6 H O H x i e H C T B H T e J i B H O C T H , T O J I C T O H n p o j j O J i a c a e T : H S T O y B e J i H ^ i e H H e K p y r a ^ H T a T e j i e i i B a a c H O H e n o T O M y , n o H X cTaHOBHTca MHoro, H noTOMy, n o cpexiH MHJIJIHOHOB jnoneH pa3Hoo6pa3Hux H a p o r j O B H n o J i o a c e H H H , K O T O P H M j j o c T y n H a K H H r a , O T 6 H p a i O T C H c a M H C O 6 O H exiHHOMbiiiijieHHHKH, H S j i a r o x i a p H KHHre, H a x o f l H C B 3a j j e c H T K H TBICH^I BepcT x i p y r O T j j p y r a , He 3 H a n flpyr j j p y r a , c o e x i H H H i O T C H B OJJHO H a c H ByT eflHHOH jjyiuoH H nojiyqaioT jjyxoBHyio paflOCTB H 6OJJ;POCTB co3-H3HHH Toro, n o OHH He OJJHHOKH . TaKoe o S n i e H H e TenepB H HMeio c BaMH H C M H O T H M H H MHOTHMH JHOJJBMH, J j p y r H X HailHH, HHKOrjja He BHXieBIIIH MeHH, HO KOTOpbie M H e 6JIH3KH 60JIbIIie MOHX CHHOBeH H 6 p a T B e B n o K P O B H . TJiaBHoe »ce coo6paaceHHe B nojiB3y K H H r a T O , n o n p n H 3B e C T H O H C T e n e H H pa3BHTHH BHeillHHX y C J I O B H H MCH3HH, KHHra, ne^iaTB BooSnie :<gtieJiajiacB cpeijCTBOM o 6 u i e H H H jnorteii Mexcjjy C O 6 O H H n o T O M y H e J i B 3 H npeHedperaTB 3THM C p e f l C T B O M . C T O J I B K O B p e f l H b l X KHHT H a n H C a H O H pacnpocTpaHeHo, n o npoTHBOiieHCTBOBaTB 3TOMy Bpexiy MOaCHO TOJIBKO KHHTOH ace . KJIHH B b l S H B a T B KJIHHOM, X P H C T O C CKa3aji: „ n o H roBopio BaM H a y x o , T O ". J ' S y n e T e T O B O P H T B C KPBIHI" . 3TO caMoe npoB03rjiaiueHHe c K p B n i i H ecTB ne^iaTHoe C J I O B O . Ile^aTHoe CJIOBO ecTB T O T ace H3BIK , TOJIBKO x B a T a i o i i i H H o s e H B B a J i e K O , H n o T O M y K ne^aTHOMy c j i o B y O T H O C H T C H H B e e T O , n o CKa3aHO 0 6 H3BiKe: H M ace 6 j i a r o c J i O B J i H e M Bora H H M ace n p o K J i H H a e M ^ e J i O B e K O B , c o T B o p e H H b i x n o no,no6Hio EoacHio; H noTOMy H e j i B 3 H H e 6 H T B j j o c T a T O^HO B H H M a -T e x t B H b i M K TOMy, n o roBopHUiB H cjiymaeiiiB, TaK ace KaK H K TOMy, n o ne^aTaeuiB H ^HTaeuiB. H a K O H e i i T O J I C T O H i r p y a c e c K H H a n o M H H a e T B e p n r H H y 0 6 H X C X O J J C T B e H H O C T H B nOHHTHHX 0 6 H C T H H e , K O T O p y K ) OHH 0 6 a B O C n p H -93 HHMCUOT H 3 n o y ^ e H H H XpHCTa. Ero 3 a K J i K ) ^ e H H e nortTBepjKrtaeT H X x(HBoe eiiHHortyuiHe B S T O M noy^eHHH: IlHiiiy Bee 3 T O H e noTOMy, no6bi r i yMaTB, n o BBI HHa^e flyMaeTe ( H 3 Bauiero nHCBMa B H x y , n o B H TaK H n o H H M a e T e S T O ) , HO n o T O M y , n o 3 T H MHCJTH n p H i m i H MHe B rojioBy H 3axoTejiocb n o x i e j i H T b C H HMH C B a M H . B OCOSeHHOCTH nOJIK)6HJIOCB MHe B n H C B M e BauieM T O , n o B H roBopHTe o T O M , n o „ecjiH 6H ML-J c o x p a H H J i H Bee, r c a H H o e yate CBbime H a M , T O B n o J i H e 6bi 6HJIH C^aCTJIHBbl . A T O , n o H e o S X O f l H M O H 3 a K O H H O , T O HenpeMeHHo HOJUKHO 6BITB B KaxcrioM H nojiyMaeTCH Heno-c p e f l C T B e H H O C B b i m e HJIH O T caMoro c e 6 n . - - 3 T O coBep-u i e H H O c n p a B e i i J i H B O , H H TO^IHO T a r a e n o H H M a i o ^ e j i O B e K a . B C H K H H H e J I O B e K H e C O M H e H H O 3HaJI 6 H B O B H C T H H y B O X H B , Bee T O , n o eMy H y»Ho 3H 3 T B IIJIH T O T O , n o xo^eT O T Hero Bor, ecJiH 6BI T O J I B K O S T O o T K p b i T a n ^ e j i O B e K y HCTHHa He 3 aTeMHHJiaCB 6bl JIOaCHblMH TOJIKOB aHHHMH ^ejIO~ B e ^ i e C K H M H . H nOTOMy IIJIH n 0 3 H a H H H BOJKeCKOH HCTHHbl ^ej iOBeKy HyacHO npeacite B c e r o O T K H H y T b B e e jioacHbie TOJIKOBaHHH, H Bee co6Jia3Hbi MHpcKHe, BJieKymne ero K n p H H H T H B 3THX T O J I K O B a H H H , H T O r f l a O C T d H e T C H O X I H a H C T H H a , xiocTynHa M J i a n e H i i a M [ O T JlyKH 10:21], n o T O M y n o O H a C B O H C T B e H H a xryiue ^ e j i o B e ^ e c K O H . T p y i i H o c T b ace rJiaBHan B T O M , no6bi, OTKHIIBIB a n Jioacb, He O T K H -H y T b BMecTe c Hen H ^ a c T B H C T H H U , H B T O M , n o 6 a pa3BHCHHH HCTHHy H e B H e c T H HOBbix 3 a S j i y a c r t e H H H . EjiarojjapK) Bac jno6e3HbiH 6paT, 3a noKJioH, K O T O P H H B H npKCJiaJiH MHe. I lHiiiHTe MHe, ecjiH H H n o 3 T O M y H e noMemaeT, B M o c K B y . He M o r y JIH ^ e M HH6yxib c j i y a c H T b BaM? Bbi MeHH o ^ e H b oSpajjyeTe, ecJiH . n a i i H T e K a K o e JIHSO nopy^eHHe. B p a T C K H 0 6 H H M a B B a c . J l e B T O J I C T O H . 21 HOH6PH 1895 r . MBI 3xtecb nojiHocTbio n p o i i H T H p o B a J i H nepBoe n n c B M O O T T o J i C T o r o K B e p n r H H y , H e noTOMy T O J I B K O , noSbi i i o K a 3 a T b OUIH6O^.-H O C T B B e p n r H H a B i i a H H O M c j i y ^ a e H 3 a M e T H T B n p a B H J i b H y i o H e c o r n a -C O B a H H O C T B C HHM T O J I C T O T O . HO BeJJb, KaK H BHJJHO H 3 IlHCBMa 94 T O J I C T O T O , B03pa2ceHHH e r o He 6HJIH T a K c e p s e s H H , B x t a H H O M c j i y i a e , KaK H B3rjiHJJH BepHrHHa He c ^ H T a j i H C B H M coBceM Heno-rpeiiiHMHMH, OTpHuarai#!MH B C f l K o e J i o r H ^ e c K o e B03paxeHne,— i i a x c e JTH^IHOCTBK), nOflObHO H M e H H JI. H. TOJICTOTO . BCe I l H C B M a Ha 3Ty TeMy neTp BacHJiBeBHa: He c^HTaxi 3a B O T M H . OH HHrxie He npn-rtHCHBaeT H M noxmyio HenorpeniHMOCTB. B H H X O H CTaBHT apryMeHTH BH3HBaiomHe JIHUIB rtpyacecTBeHHHe oxioSpeHHH H 6paTCKHe B03paxceHHH ToJiCToro. MH iiHTHpyeM T O J I C T O T O H BepnrHHa BMecTe, y6eii.HBiiiHC&, n o O H H cxoBCTBeHHH no H X xapaKTepy, no H X xryxoBHo-HpaBCTBeH-HOMy HanpaBJieHHio B nnc&Max, B JiHTepaType, no H X CJIOECHOCTH B a p r y M e H T a x . 06a n n c a i e j i H He C K J I O H H H K M H C T H I I H 3 M y , — coBceM He cjTHByT 3a M H C T H K O B , o6a no TeMnepaMeHTy—npne HHjjHBHjjya-JTHCTH B o6pa3e MHCJien H no j j e H C T B H i o , o6a npecjjejjiyioT.'yjiHH'Hyio He3aBHCHMocTB non npaBHJiaMH J J V X O B H O H p a B c T B e H H H X npHHiiHnoB, o6a cTapawTCH K H T B no J-iyxy H noy^eHHK) Hncyca XpncTa,-—ero C J i O B a OHH He T O J I B K O HeyCTaHHO BOCnpOH3BOJJHT B naMHTH , H O H JIH^HO npnHHMaioT H X 3a n p a B H J i a ; HH T O T , HH jjpyroH He npHHHMaeT pejiHTH03HHe npyneHHH 3a Bepy cjieno, B H e KpHTHiecKoro y M C T B e H -Horo paiiHOHajiH3Ma. (nort paiiHOHajiH3MOM MH nojipa3yMeBaeM yMCTBeHHoe HanpaBJ ieHHe, co r j i a cHo KOTopoMy, TOJIBKO T e j j o r M a T H B e p n npneMjieMH, KOTopue pa3yM npHHHMaeT corjiacHHMH c J I O T H K O H H c ecTecTBeHHHM cBeTOM pa3yMa). 95 6) IIHCBMO B T O P O E JI. H. T O J I C T O T O K n. B. BepHTHHy 3xi;ecB T O J I C T O H B X O I I H T C BepHTHHBiM B ecTecTBeHHhiH, T . e . HopMajiBHBiH H oSycjioBJieHHbiH apryMeHT HJIH paccy>K,neHHe o C B O H C T -BeHHHtx, JJJIH O6OHX, TeMax. B S T O M nHCBMe T O J I C T O H o6pauiaeTCH K BepnrHHy 3a npncKaMH HCTHHBI, B jjaHHOM ecTecTBeHHOM c j i y ^ i a e , c p a i i H O H a j i H C T H ^ i e c K O H TO^IKH 3peHHH. IleTp BacHJiBeBHa, 6yiiy*iH CaM C K J I O H H B I M K paiIHOHaJTH3My , H H a ^ i e O H OTKa3aJICH 6bl 6paTB S T O B O BHHMaHHe,—npHHHMaeT SJiaronpHHTHo o6pameHHe ToJiCToro H B nocJieiicTBHH, ecJiH H e coBceM H3MeHflei, T O n o KpaHHeft M e p e , C M H r^iaeT pe3KOCTB C B o e r o yMCTBeHHoro HanpaBJieHHH. nocjie LIHTHpOBaHHH nOJIHOCTBK) 3 T O T O nHCBMa, T a K K a K O H O H a 3 H X i a T e J I B H O , H e T O J I B K O COBpeMeHHO, H O H JJJIH B C H K O T O BpeMeHH,— HaM B n p e j j B 6yjj.eT H C H e e yBHiieTB, K a K O H O H3MeHHJio yMCTBeHHoe HanpaBjieHHe n. B. BepnrHHa. IIHCBMO T O J I C T O T O c j i e x r y e T : floporoK j j p y r ! B^epa nojiy^HJi Bauie n n c B M O H e n e m y OTBe^aTB. IlHCBMa JJO Bac H O T B a c XOJJHT X; flOJITO, a JKHTB MHe O C T a e T C f l He J J O J I T O . B B a i l l H X H O B O I i a X n p O T H B KHHTH O i e H b M H O r O e C T B c n p a B e f l j i H B o r o H o c i p o y M H o r o — c p a B H e H H e c $ e j i B J j -m e p o M H B p a ^ e M , . [ T . e . cpaBHeHHe $ejiBJjmepa, K a K JiHiia C O CpeXIHHM MextHLIHHCKHM 06pa30B3HHeM C B p a ^ e M , JIHIIOM BBicmero MejjHiiHHCKoro o6pa30BaHHH] ,' HO Bee O H H He o c H O B a T e J i B H b i , r j i a B H o e n o T O M Y , n o BBI cpaBHHBaeTe K H H r y c SCHBBIM o6meHHeM TaK, KaK 6yjjTO KHHra HCKJIIO-*iaeT scHBoe oSmeHHe. B jjeHCTBHTiejiBHOCTH see OXIHO He H C K J i M M a e T jjpyroro H OIIHO noMoraeT xrpyroMy. no npaBxte CKaxcy B a M , n o Bauie ynopHoe B03pa)KeHHe n p O T H B K H H T H n O K a 3 a J I O C B M H e H C K J I W ^ H T e J I B H U M c e K T a H -C K H M npHeMOM 3aiIIHTBI pa3 npHHHTOTO H BBICKa3aHHOTO MHeHHH. A TaKafl HCKJIKJ^HTeJIBHOCTB H e C X O J J H T C H C TeM 96 npextcTaBJieHHeM, KOTopoe H cocTaBHJi ce6e o BameM yivie H rJiaBHoe BaiueK cepne^HOCTH H HCKpeHHOCTH. Bor BeneT jnonen K ce6e H K ncnonHeHHio CBoen BOJIH BceMH nyTHMH: H co3HaTejiBHBiM, H decco3 HaTejiBHHM: C03HaTejiBHBiM, Korria JHOXTH CTapaioTCH HcnoJiHHTB Ero :? BOJIK); 6ecco3HaTenBHbiM, Korria O H H nenaioT, KaK -HyMaiOTyjicBOK) BOJTIO. fljiH coBepnieHHH BOJIH Bora, RJIH. HcnoJiHeHHH Ero LiapcTBa H a 3eMne, HyacHo enHHeHne jnoneH Meacny COSOH, MTOSbl BCe 6bL7IH e j X H H b l , KaK XpHCTOC C03 H a B a J T ce6n en,HHBIM c OTIIOM. JJJIH 3Toro »ce enHHeHHH HyacHo: OJIHO BHyTpeHHee cpencTBo: no3HaHHe BBipaaceHHH H C T H H b l , TaKOe KaK TO, KOTOpoe SblJlO CfleJiaHO XpHCTOM, KOTopoe coeflHHHeT Bcex monen H npyroe BHeuiHee cpencTBo: pacnpocTpaHeHne BbipaaceHHH S T O H HCTHHBI, KOTOpoe COBepiIiaeTCH CaMblMH pa3HOOOpa3HbIMH nyTHMH'| H TOprOBJteH, H 3aBOeBaHHHMH, H nyTemecTBHHMH, H K H H T O H , H Hcejie3HbiMH noporaMH, H T e n e r p a c p a M H H enie M H o r H M H x i p y r H M H cnoco6aMH, H3 KOTOpblX HeKOTopue, KaK 3aBoeBaHHH H floraeH OTpnnaTB, HO npyrne, K a K KHHry H 6 b i c T p b i e cnocoSbi coodmeHHH H He HMeio O C H O -B a H H e OTpnaaTB, H e c j i H ne xoqy JiHiuaTB ce6n yno6Horo opynHH cnysceHHH Bory, H e Mory H e nojiB30BaTBCH. To ace B 0 3 p a a c e H H e , I T O HJIH K H H T H a c e j i e 3 H b i x nopor HyacHo ne3TB non 3eMJno 3a pynpH H B noMeHHyw ne^B, T O S T O ace HyacHo n e n a T B H HJIH couiHHKa, JionaTbi, KOCH. B TOM, MT06bI J i e 3 T B nOJJ, 3eMJIB 3a py.II.OH HJIH pa6oTaT& y noMeHHOH ne^H H e T HHiero HypHoro H H Korna 6BIJI MononbiM, na H T e n e p B B C H K H H q e J i o B e K O X O T H O nojie3eT non 3eMjno H3 MOJiorie*iecTBa H 6yjieT pa6oTaTB a c e n e 3 0 , ecjiH T O J I B K O S T O He byneT n p H H y x i H -T e j i B H O H 6yrj,eT nponojracaTBCH He B O O acH3HB ero H 6yneT o6cTaBJieHO B c e M H y,no6cTBaMH, KOTopue npHny-MawT HaBepHO JIIOJIH, ecjiH Bee 6yrj,yT paSoTaTB, a He OX(HH HaeMHHe pa6bi. B O T TaKoe paccyaceHHe T O J I C T O T O MBI H npnHHMaeM 3a paiiHO-H a J I B H H H nOflXOfl K HpaBCTBeHHOH H flyXOBHOH a C H 3 H H qenoBeKa. T O J I C T O H coBceM He CTaBHT S T H C B O H yMCTBeHHHe 3aKJiicqeHHH 3a HenorpeuiHMbie r i o r M b i . E O I H 6bi BepnrHH, HJIH K T O HH6y,n& npyroH, paiiHOHajiBHO ySeriHJi T O J I C T O T O B HenocJienoBaTenBHOCTH ero apry-MeHTa, B ieM 6BI T O HHSBUIO, OH 6BI O X O T H O nepeMeHHJi HanpaBJieHHe 97 CBoero yMCTBeHHoro 3 a K J H 0 M e H H H . OH coBepuieHHo xj , O K a 3 b i B a e T C B O B n o x t a T J i H B O C T B B y e e a c r i e H H H x , B riHCBMax K BepnrHHy. T O J I C T O H nponojixcaeT: Hy, He 6yneM SojiBiue T O B O P H T B 06 S T O M , HO TO J I B K O BepBTe M H e , n o ecjiH H nniiiy BaM T O , n o nniny, T O S T O He noTOMy I T O H r i H c a j i M H O T O K H H T H eme rrauiy,— B TOM, n o caMan npocTan xoponian >KH3HB nopoxce caMbix npeKpacHbix K H H T , H Been nyniOH corjiaceH c B S M H — H He noTOMy xtaxce, n o enaronapn KHHraM H Bxoxcy B odmeHHe—KaK HbiHeuiHeH oceHBio c H H j r y c o M , pa3nejiHK)inHM C O B e p i I i e H H O H a U J H XpHCTH3HCKHe B03 3 p e H H H H n p H C J i a B U I H M MHe aHrJiHHCKyio K H H r y CBoero cooxeiecTBeHHHKa, H 3 J i a -raiouiyK) y i e H H e 6paMHHOB, coBnanaioinee c cymHOCTBio y q e H H H XpncTa, H eme B o u i e j i B o b m e H H e c n n o H n a M H , HcnoBeflyioinHMH H nponoBexiyioinHMH I H C T O xpHCTHaHCKyio HpaBCTBeHHOCTB, H3 KOTOpblX flBOe Ha TIHHX nOCeTHJIH M e H H . He S T O no6yxcrj,aeT M e H H H e cornauiaTBCH c B a M H H H e OTpniiaTB KHHrone^ a T a H H e TaKxce, KaK xcejie3Hbie floporn, Tejie<J)OHH H T O M y nonodHoe, a T O , n o K o r n a H BH»cy H a J i y r y M y p a B B H H y i o K O M K y , H HHK3K , H e Mory xtonycTHTB, n o M y p a B B H OUIHSJIHCB, B3pHBan 3Ty K O I K Y H flejian B e e T O , n o O H H nejiawT B H e f t . TOMHO TaKace r j i H r i H Ha Bee T O , n o B M a T e p n a j i B H O M OTHomeHHH cnejiajiH JOOXIH, H He Mory nonycTHTB, n o Bee S T O O H H cnejiajiH no ouiH6Ke. KaK l e n o B e K , [a He M y p a B e f t ] , H B l e j i o B e i e c K O H K O ^ K e BH*cy HeflociaTKH H H e M o r y He xcenaTB ncnpaBHTB H X , — B S T O M C O C T O H T Moe y i a c T H e B oSineft p a 6 o T e , - - H O acejiaio H He y H n n o x c H T b B C B KO^Ky q e j i O B e ^ e c K o r o Tpyna, a T O J I B K O npaBHJiBHee pa3MecTHTB B Hen Bee T O , n o pa3MemeHO B H e n H e n p a B H J i B H o . H HenpaBHJibHo p a 3 M e i q e H o B qejioBe^ecKoft Ko^Ke o i e H b M H o r o , o i e M H nncan H nnuiy, Sojieji H 6oJieio H C T a -paiocB, no Mepe: CHJI, H 3 M e H H T B . nncBMO S T O o ^ e H B BascHO noTOMy, n o O H O SBIJIO no6y3KJj,eHO nncBMaMH n. B. BepnrHHa, c K e M T O J I C T O H B O M H O T O M cornaiuajicH. n n c B M a B b i p a x c a K i m H e T B o p ^ e c K y i o H n y x o B H O r r C H p a B C T B e H H y i o j i e H T e n B -H O C T B BepHTHHa n O C J i y X C H J I H TOJICTOMy flaJTH eMy nOBOXt B b T p a 3 H T B C B O K ) MBICJTB H , B M e C T e ~ C \ i TeM^ "'CBOIOnCnOCOSHOGTE - nOMOMB pa3peiIIHTB flyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHBie npo6neMu nperj;cTaBJieHHbie ; e M y - B e p H r H H b i M . 98 T O J I C T O H jjaJiBiue nportojixcaeT: H e n p a B H J i b H o B H a m e H 5KH3HH B o n e p B B i x H npesyie Bcero T O , n o cpeiicTBO nocTaBJieHo iiejiBio, n o T O , n o JJOJUKHO 6HTB iiejiBio—Sjiaro 6JiH»CHero—nocTaBJieHo cpeflCTBOM, T O ecTB n o 6Jiaro ^ejiOBeKa, caMaH »CH3HB ero, s c e p T B y e T C H JJJIH npoH3BeiieHHH opyjJHH HyacHoro HHorna BceM JIBOJJHM, a HHoriia HyacHoro TOJIBKO HJIH n p H X O T H ojJHoro ^lejioBeKa, KaK S T O nponcxoflHT, Korrta SCH3HH •yeJiOBeBiecKHe ry6HTCH JJJIH npoH3BOiicTBa H y s c H E i x T O J I B K O HeKOTopBiM, a HHoriia HHKOMy He HyxcHBix H flaxte JBpejiHbix n p e x t M e T O B . HenpaBHJiBHO T O , n o JIIOJJH 3a6bi-BaioT, 3a6HJiH, HJIH He 3H a i O T, n o He TOJIBKO JJJIH np:oH3BoxicTBa 3epKajia, HO HH JJJIH TaKHX caMbix B a s c H B i x H HyacHux npextMeTOB, — KaK COUIHHK, Koca, — He MosceT H He flOJiacHa 6HTB nory6jieHa He T O J I B K O *CH3HB, HO He M o a c e T SBITB HapyuieHo c^iacTHe HH oxtHoro, caMoro KascymHMCH H H n o a c H U M , -qexcoBeKa, noTOMy n o CMHCJI SCH3HH *iejioBe^ e c K O H T O J I B K O B 6Jiare Bcex juoxten. HapyuiHTB »CH3HB H 6jraro KaKoro HH6yjjB ^ejiOBeKa JJJIH 6jiara JiiojjeH Bee paBHo, n o JJJIH 6jiara JKHBOTHOTO OTpe3aTB y Hero OJJHH * u i e H . B S T O M CTpauiHaH oiiiHSKa Haiuero BpeMeHH; He B T O M , n o ecTB KHHrone^aTaHHe, xcejie3HBie xtoporn H T O M y noxto6Hoe, a B T O M , n o JHOJJH c^HTaiOT no3BOJiH-TeJiBHHM n o x c e p T B O B a T B GJiaroM X O T B ojJHoro ^ ejioBeKa HJIH coBepuieHHH KaKoro 6BI T O HH 6BIJIO jjejia. KaK T O J I B K O JIIOHH n O T e p H J I H CMHCJI H L i e J I B T O T O , n O HejiaioT :j [iiejiB TOJIBKO onHa, 6jiaro 6jiH5KHero] , KaK T O J I B K O peillHJIH, n o MOSCHO n O J K e p T B O B aTb 5KH3HBK) H 6JiaroM acHByiqero BceM B T H T O C T B CTapHKa HJIH X O T B HflHOTa, T a K MOXCHO IIOXCepTBOB a T b H M e H e e C T a p b I M H MeHee rjiynBiM H HeT npenejia, MOXCHO B C S M H x c e p T B O B a T B JJJIH jjejia. B O T S T O H e n p a B H J i B H O H C S T H M Harto BoeBaTB... no noHHTHK) ToJiCToro, iiejiB »(H3HH ^ e j i O B e^iecTBa ecTB 6Jiaro Bcex. noTOMy, iiejiB XCH3HH K a w x i o r o ^eJioBeKa ecTB 6jiaro SJIHHC-Hero. noTOMy 6jiaro H C X O J J H T H3 B3aHMHOH 3aBHCHMOCTH JiiorteH. Cnoco6 HJIH cpertcTBO 6Jiara--Jiio6oBB. 3TO noHHine C B O J J H T B M e c T e ToJiCToro H BepnrHHa, TaK KaK S T O noHnrae H C X O J J H T H3 noy^ieHHH Hncyca XpHCTa: „BO3JIIO6H 6JiH»CHero TBoero, K a K caMdro ceSn", 99 ( E B . O T MaTc]>. 22:39). T O J I C T O H o n p e n e n n e T, I T O HyxHO RJIK 6Jiara: J4JIH 6Jiara x.e T e n e p B JKHBVIUHX J i r o n e H H y x c n o T O , noSbi 074HH j i i o f l H H e My^HJiH H He yrHeTaJiH npyrnx, H e j i H i u a j i H 6bi H X n p o H 3 B e n e H H H H X TpyHa, He n p H H y x c n a j i H 6H H X paSoTaTB H e H y x c H b i e H M Benin HJIH T a K n e , KOTOPBIMH O H H He MoryT nonB30BaTBCH, rnaBHoe, He c^HTaJiH 6BI B 0 3 M 0 3 K H H M H 3aKOHHbIM, BO H M H K S K O T O 6bl TO HH 6BIJIO flejia HJIH MaTepnajiBHoro ycnexa, H a p y u i H T B X H 3 H L H 6jiaro 6jiH>KHero HJIH, I T O T o x c e caMoe c n p y r o H c T o p o H b i — H e HapyiuaTB JIIO6OBB. B a x c H O 3necB 3 a M e T H T B H T O , I T O X P H C T O C He ocTaHaB JIH— B a J I C H n H U I B Ha J I I 0 6 B H B3 a i l M H O H , HO B b I 3 b I B a n C H J I b H H X nynioH K nio6BH caMOOTBepsceHHOH: „JlK)6HTe BparoB Bauinx, 6JiaroTBopHTe H e H a B H f l H i U H X Bac . . . 6yriBTe M H J i e c e p n b i , K a K H OTen. B a m MHJIO-c e p r j , " (OT J l y K H 6 :27, 36). B e p H T H H n p o H B j i n e T B ce6e H T a K y i o JIK)6OBB, o ieM T O J I C T O H c o 3 H a T e J i B H O nnmeT: O^ieHB M H e SBIJIO p a n o c T H O T O , I T O BBI nnuiHTe o cBoefi * H 3 H H H o T O M , K a K B b i , n p H J i a r a n K H e n T O , I T O H c n o B e n y e T e H B T e x T H x c e j i b i x y c j i o B H H X , B K O T O P H X H a x o x i H T e c b , T p y x t o M noSbiBaeTe n p o n n T a H H e . HH B i e M , K a K B S T O M , H e no3HaeTCH H C K P G H H O C T B M e J i o B e K a . H o^ i e H b njiox B 3 T O M O T H o m e H H H CTan T e n e p b : TaK OKpy->KeH H B C H K O H p O C K O U I B K ) , K O T O p y K ) H e H a B H X y H H3 K O T O p O H He HMeio CHJI B b i 6 p a T b C H , IIoSTOMy Bam npHMep noryiep-s c H B a e T M e H H H H B c e T a K H c T a p a i o c b . CnacnSo, n o n p n c j i a n n B b i n n c K y H3 n H e B H H K a . [ y r o j i o B H b i H A. C. JU K O T o p b i f i c j i y q a H H O nonaji B O f l H y K a M e p y c n. B. B e p H T H H H M , B M O C K O B C K O H i i e H T p a j i b H O H nepecbiJiBHOH T i o p b M e H HanncaJi 06 S T O M r i H e B H H K „H3 TIOPbML]". nocjie H3 C H S H P H , B e p n r H H n e p e n H C f c i B a n c n C H H M , nOJiy^HBIUH OT HeTO 3 T O T flHeBHHK, BepHTHH nepecjiaji ero K ToncTOMy. CM. n n c B M a : 4-e, 6 5 H 66]. no cjiyMaio B b i p a x c e H H b i x T a M B a u i n x MbicJien, xoTe-JlOCb nOfleJIHTBCH C B aMH H e K O T O p b l M H C006pa>KeHHHMH B 3TOM-»ce H a n p a B J i e H H H . Cnejiaio 3TO B npyroft pa3. n p o m a H T e n o K a ; n o > K a n y n c T a , H e n o 3 B O J i b T e ce6e Hexi.o6poMy l y B C T B y noflHHTbCH npoTHB M e H H 3a 100 B03paa<eHHH MOH H a Baura MHCJTH, BHpaaceHHHe He T O J I B K O B nHCBMe K O MHe, HO H B nHCBMe K E B . HB. [EBTeHHH HBaHOBH^i IIonoB, KOTopbiH HanHcaji n p e i i H C J i O B H e K pyKO-n H C H „H3 TiopBMbi"]. BBI M H e o^eHB jjoporn H H C T a p a i o c b KaK MOXCHO npHMee, no 6paTCKH, O T H O C H T B C H K BaM. JIIOSHIIIHH B a c JleB T O J I C T O H . 14 O K T H 6 P H 1896 r . TenepB 3aMemM 3iiecB, KaK n o B J i H H J i H S T H r t B a nncBMa O T T O J I C T O T O H a n. B. BepnrHHa, H e T O J I B K O OTHOCHTeJiBHO K H H T , r p a M O T H O C T H H o 6 p a 3 0 B a H H H , HO H B i r p y r n x HJ4eHHbix H a n p a B J i e -HHHX, H a n p H M e p : nepejj n e H H e M S T H X , npejJBwyiiiHx nnceM O T TOJI-CToro, BepnrHH B C B O H X nHCBMax nHcaJi: B T a K O M jjejie, K a K HCKaHHe HCTHHBI, He cjienyeT flOBepHTbca KHHre. Kaagzan KHHra H e c o B e p m e H H a . . . * l H T a T B K H H T y BO BpeMH flOCyra, 3 T O 3 Ha^IHT TpaTHTB BpeMH c o B e p m e H H O 6ecnojie3HO, n o MH H jjejiaeM M H O T O B acn3HH . H S T O C K a 3 a H O 6e3 oroBopKH. (IIHCBMO 7 - e K HBaHy MHxaHjioBH^y TperySoBy, C T p . 1.5.) B nHCBMe 14-M, K T O H ace J I H ^ H O C T H : n o r p a M O T H O C T B cJiyacHT B a a c H H M noco6neM B pa3-= B H T H H yMCTBeHHoro H HpaBCTBeHHoro x o r t a ^ e j i O B e K a , no MoeMy MHeHHio, S T O OUIHGO^HO . . . Hao6opoT, B C M O T p H T e C B B T p a M O T H H H JIIOJJ, H 6e3 n p H C T p a C T H H MOaCHO C K 3 3 a T B , 1TO O i e H b H O^eHb rpOMaJJHHH npoi ieHT H3 H H X M o m e H H H K H H niyjiepa. (CTp. 28.) B n k c B M e 22-M , / T o a c e K TperySpBy: JJa, S T O n o n n npoBepeHHHH MHOB B3rJiHxx, n o J i y ^ u i e 6H 6HJIO, ecjin 6H He 6HJIO r p a M O T H O C T H . . . Bee Te MHoroTOMHHe co^HHeHHH c H X npocJeccopcKHMH KaOenpaMH, — K a K y S H H C T B e H H o O H H HacHJiyKT ^ejioBeKa! MajiB^HK HJIH ^ejioBeK n e p e a c H B a e T o 6 H O B J i H e M o e B p e M H ; yMCTBeH-Han e r o cncTeMa, K a K TejiecHan jjojiacHa 6H pa3BHBaTBCH caMa no ce6e. H e T ! e r o IInH^KaBT".-.-a H H o r x t a H B6H-B a i o T , - - j j B y x - T p e x T H C H ^ H H M nepnoiiOM JieT npouiexfluero BpeMeHH. . . H a y K a - r p a M O T H O C T B B l a c T H O c r a , MoacHO C K a 3 a T B , TOJIBKO T O P M 0 3 H T P 3 3 B H T H S ^ e J I O B e K a , p a 3 B H T H e 3 H a H H H H C T H H H . . . fla, 3 T O n O n H n p O B e p e H H H H MHOK) B3TJIHII: 1 0 1 jiy-quie 6u 6UJIO, ecjiH 6u He 6UJIO rpaMOTHOCTH. TaKyio rpaMOTHOCTB, KaK S T O nncbMo, B nepenatie MBICJIH H a paccTOHHHe, H eme nonycKaio, X O T H B nocjieiiyioineH nepenHCKe H HaMepeH T O B O P H T B 06 S T O M Bonpoce, B K O -T O P O M nocnenyioT onpoBepaceHHe H S T O H HeoSxonHMocTH. HanpHMep, H 3 S T O T O nncBMa BBI MoaceTe HSBne^ib n o JTHSO nojie3Hoe, HO r i o n y c K a T b , I T O 6 H OHO MOTJTO cny-acHTB Ha3Hjj;aHHeM qepe3 flBe-Tpn JUHCHIH J i e T , — S T O aScypxu H noxiaraio, n o qepe3 nBe-Tpn T U C H M H J i e T M 0 3 T H y ^ejioBeKa 6yriyT H H a ^ e ccpopMHpoBaHU, H cjie-B O B a T e j i B H o MUCJTB, KOTopan HMena 3aKOHHOCTB B H a u i e BpeMH, H e Morna 6u BKnanuBaTBCH B T e paMKH. . . B O T Bame nncbMo [T.e. n n c B M O TperydOBa] BH3BaJio MeHH Ha KaKoft p a 3 r o B o p . Bbi roBopHTe: „ n o MU TffleTHO HIIjeM B KHHTaX H C T H H y " , BUXOXtHT, n o H C T H H U Haxio pasbicKHBaTB. LTo HameMy ace B O 3 3 p e H H i 0 OHa npn-X O H H T caMa, „A3 C T y q:y y nBepn, K T O npHMeT MeHH, H Bonny K HeMy". [ O T K P . CB . HoaHHa. ] Ee TOJIBKO HaflO BOcnpHHHMaTB. ( C T P . 6 6 - 6 7 . ) LTO npO^TeHHB BUUie IIHTHpOBaHHHX—ropjiMHX, n o j i o a c H T e j i b -H U X H BecBMa y 6 e x ( H T e n B H U x — x t B y x n n c e M O T T O J I C T O T O , B3rnHflu BepnrHHa n o c T e n e H H O T e p n i O T H X OTpHnaTenbHOCTB K rpaMOTHOCTH, K KHHre H Boodme K o6pa30BaHHOCTH H T.n. OH nocTeneHHO nejiajicH TOJiCTOBneM, K a K H T O J I C T O H B HeKOTopux ero pa3Munuie-HHHX, 6HJI BepHrHHueM,—H B S T O M H e MOTJIO 6UTB OUIH6KH. CoBpeMeHHue .riyxodopubi, —BepHrHHiiu-TojicTOBUbi. B nncBMe 40-M K naBny HBaHOBH^iy EnpiOKOBy, 10 neKBdpH 189 6 r . , neTp BacHJibeBH^ n n n i e T : H X O T H H n p O T H B r p a M O T H O C T H , HO r p a M O T H O C T B H CMHTaiO KaK qaCTB nHBHJTH3aUHH , K O T O p y K ) , KaK OHa TenepB e c T B , — H c^HTaio He3aKOHHOH, B T O M ^ Hcne, K O H e ^ H O , H r p a M O T H O C T B . [ T.e. H e3 aKOHHOCTB r p a -M O T H O C T H H C X O H H T H 3 He3aKOHHOH I I H B H J I H 3 a i l H H , a STO yac no T O J I C T O B C K H ] HO JIHMHO npoTHB rpaMOTHOCTH, H HH^iero He H M e w . Ha n p H T O M , B03Moacno-nH n p H H H — M 3 T B T a K H e ^ a c T H u e H B J i e H H H , noxi;o6HO MoeMy? ( C T P . 1 0 1 . ) B nncBMe 42-M, K H. M. TperydoBy, 23 neKadpn 1 8 9 6 r . , BepHTHH nniiieT: 102 ECJIH B H c e j i H T Hac Kyria JIHSO B OJJHO MecTo, T O H yace Ha^iHHaio n p e x i c T a B J i H T B T y B03MoscHyio >KH3HB. MH e e Ha^iajiH 6H C noMoniBio Bora, Ha c o B e p m e H H O O6UIHH-H H X , 6paTCKHX O C H O B 3 H H H X . Y C T p O H J I H 6H IIIKOJIH r p a -M O T H O C T H , n o c T a p a j i H C B 6H y c T a H O B H T B n p a B H J i B H o e O T H o m e H H e K 3 e M j i e , n o O T J j e j i y c e j i B C K o r o x o 3 H H C T B a H T O M y noiio6Hoe. [ T . e . co3,naHHe 3aKOHHOH IIHBHJIH-3 a i I H H n 0 3 B O J I H e T 3 aKOHHyK) r p a M O T H O C T B . C 3 T H M T O J I C T O H BnojiHe corjiacHJicH 6H.] ( C T P . 107.) B nHCBMe 60-M, O T 6 H H B a p n 1899 r . , n o - a i r p e c y BceM rryxoSopiiaM SOJIBIUOH napTHH: M H e n H U i y T , n o B A M e p H K e Boo6nie o6y*ieHHe r p a M O T -H O C T H o6H3aTejiBHO. 3TO TeM J i y ^ m e , noTOMy n o n p o c T a n r p a M O T H O C T B Heo6xoiiHMa K a K noco6ne B WH3HH, HanpHMep: I T O 6 H y M e T B n p o ^ i H T a T B H HanncaTB. He Hajj;o noHHMaTB, n o rpaMOTHOCTB n o j i o a c H T e J i B H o n p o -CBeTHT ^ e j i O B e K a , HO OHa MoaceT 6HTB nocoSneM, H ^ e j i O B e K , ^iHTaK K H H T H , MoaceT npno6pecTB CBejjeHHH, a TaKace H MHCJIB e r o Boo6uie 6y.neT pa3BHBaTBCH. ECJIH HauiHM Bor riacT y c T p o H T B C H B A M e p H K e , T O o6y-*ieHHe r p a M O T e jjaace Heo6xoxj,HMO. [ n o x i a T J i H B O C T B n. B. B.] ( C T P . 132.) B O f l H O M H 3 nooneiiHHX C B O H X miceM K jj.yxo6opiiaM, B e p n r H H n H i u e T ( n o a i r p e c y n o H O M a p e B a , 6 H H B a p n 1901 r . ) , n o „MoacHO MOJIOJJHM JHOJJHM nocTynaTB Ha T e x H H^iecKHe Kypcn" . B cyuiHocTH, c caMoro H a v a n a H O HacTonuiero BpeMeHH, rj,yxo6opiJ,H B K a H a j j e — X O T H SHJIH He^pa3yMeHHH Meacjjy HHMH H n p a -B H T e J I B C T B O M H e 6HJIH n p O T H B rOCyflapCTBeHHHX I U K O J i : Ha^ a J I B H H X , C p e f l H H X , B H C I U H X , B K J T K V q a H y H H B e p C H T e T C K H X 0 6 p a 3 0 B a H H H . Came OTJiH^HTejiBHHe C B O H C T B a x a p a K T e p a neTpa BacHJi&e-B H ^ a O T p a a c a i o T C H B e r o nncBMax H3 CCHJIKH B r o r r u e r o C K H T 3 H H H n o nepecHjiBHHM TiopBMaM, n o n e p e x o x i H H M 3 T a n a M H B n e p e a c H B a H H H X B O T J j a j i e H H H X , Heo6HTaeMHX O K p a H H a x c e B e p H O H P O C C H H . 103 B r O f l b l C C b l J T K H II. B. BepHTHH He M O r SblTB JIHWHbIM p y K O -B O f l H T e j i e M i r y x o d o p i i e B H H X j j B H w e H H H . Ho nocpeflCTBOM n n c e M OH B C e T a K H p y K O B O X t H J T H X flyXOBHO-HpaBCTBeHHHM H a n p a B J i e H H e M B 3aKaBKa3Be. no nncBMaM. OH nepextaBaJi B c e M y oSuiecTBy ero co6cTBeHHoe nojioxceHHe, KaK CCBIJIBHBIH 3a iryxo6op*iecKHH Hiieaji. B n H C B M a x O H BBipawaJi C B O H M 6paTBHM H e T O J I B K O no6pBie noxceJiaHHH, HO H ropnwyio JIK>6OBB, 6yjJB O H H B o6uiHHe HJIH B paccenHHH, B TiopBMax HJIH B iiapcKOH cojin.aTWHHe. Ho B xtyuie ero 6biJio H e n o CKpuToe H * r p e 3 B B r q a H H O BaxHoe, o ieM OH He M O T rracaTB B ITHCB-Max, TaK KaK nHCBMeHHbie nocjiaHHH n o n o a O T nojj;o3pHTejiBHOH J I H W H O C T H , K a K H M O H C W H T a j I C H H a ^ a J I B C T B O M , n O J J B e p r a j I H C B B C K p b l -THK) iieH3opoM. H y w H o 6UJIO HaftTH n p y r o i i cnoco6. KaKoft w e S T O 6biJi ceKpeT? neTp BacHJiBeBHa petuaeT n p e r t J i o x c H T B BceM nyxo6opiiaM 60JIBIUOH napTHH t rjje 6BI O H H HH 6BIJIH, OTKa3aTBCH O T B C H K O T O j r e H C T B H f l , KOTopoe H a p y i u a j i o 3 a n o B e r i B „ H e y6HH" , — O T K a 3 3 T B C H O T B O e H H O H n O B H H H O C T H H O T BCeTO, W T O n p O T H B O p e W H J I O HCTHHHOMy noy^eHHK) XpncTa, Koxopoe jjyxo6opiibi HcnoBejjbiBaJiH. OH 3axiyMaJi n O C O B e T O B a . T B H M B b i n O J I H H T B B e J I H K H H , H O THXCeJIblH n O f l B H T , K O T O p b l H O H WyBCTBOBajI, WTO OHH C3MH WeJiaJIH BBHIOJIHHTB , H O He 3HaJIH K a K H c i e r o HaiaTB,,-—KOTOPBIH noiiBHr B 6yjjyuieM, M o r 6BI H3MeHHTB Bec& XOJJ H HanpaBJieHHe Bcero jjyxo6opwecKoro riBHweHHH. 3 T O T noflBHr—TafiHoe cJjejiaTB HBHBIM——T a H H O e cneJiaTB OTKPBITBIM H H a r J I H J J H b I M O T p e ^ e H H e M O T B O e H H O H n O B H H H O C T H H O T y n o T p e 6 j i e H H H B C H K O T O y 6 H H C T B e H H O r O o p y w H H . 104 HJTH Toro, *ITO6U onpenejiHTB SHa^eHHe T a K o r o n o c T y n n a , HyxcHO noHHTB 3Ha^eHHe o p y x c u n Ha KaBKa3e. no cxiOBaM C y x o p e B a : H o r u e H H e o p y x c H H H a K a B K a s e e c T B He T O J I B K O o S u q a H H y C J I O B H e n p H J I H M H H , HO CIHTaeTCH H e o 6 X O f l H M O C T B K ) flJIH BCHKoro q e x i O B e K a . C opy)KHeM XOTXHT H no ropony H B T O C T H , c opyxneM OTnpaB JIHMTCH B nopory H 3aiD,HmaK>TCH O T HananeHHH 3Bepen H pa36oHHHKOB. H noTOMy yHHMTO-x c e H n e opyxcHH H M e n o HJIH Tj,yxo6opiJ,eB BaxcHoe 3Ha^eHHe. 3TO SbiJi nocTynoK Bupa>KawuiHH Ha Tiene T O T O B H O C T B n p n -HHMaTB B C H K H e n O C J i e X I C T B H H H e n p O T H B J i e H H H 3Jiy HaCHJIHeM, - - T O ecTB TepneTB B C H K O T O p o n a n o c n r a T e j i B C T B a H a M3HB, ieM no3BOJi3Tb ce6e H a c H J i H e Han. npyrHM qeno-BeKOM. ( B a c H J i H H A. CyxopeB, „ H C T O P H H flyxo6opu,eB", C T P . 87-88.) I l n a H n n n yHHMTOxceHHH opy)KHH 6biJi o6flyMaH n. B. Bepn-rHHbiM H n p e H C T a B J i e H nyxo6opn.aM K ero ocyinecTBJieHHio no ycTHOH n e p e f l a ^ e i e p e 3 n o B e p e H H b i x eMy n B y x J i H ^ H O C T e f i : 6paTa B a c H J i H H B a c H J i b e B H i a H B a c H J i H H B a c H J i b e B H ^ a B e p e m a r H H a , B O BpeMH H X n o c e m e H H H n e T p a B a c H n b e B n q a B a n p e n e M e c n n e 1895 r o n a . nJIAH O C03K5KEHHH OPV)KH5T H O ETO OCyiHECTBJIEHHH nEPEflABAJICfl yCTHO nETPOM B. BEPHrHHbIM H n p H r j i a c H J i Bac n p n e x a T B cio,n.a no BaxHOMy neny, q;To6bi BBI B e e S T O n e p e n a n n BceM n.yxo6opiiaM. H a M 3 n e c b nperj j ioxcHJiH n p H H H T B n p n c n r y H H K o n a i o A n e K c a H -j j p o B H q y P o M a H O B y B B e p H o n o f l i i a H C T B e , H MU c C T a p H M -KaMH OTKa3anncB n p H H H T B ee Ha o c H O B a H H H y q e H H H H n c y c a X p H C T a . 3TO He x o p o m o 6UJIO 6u HaM, KaK x p H C T H a H a M , n p H H H M a T b n p n c n r y C M e p T H O M y q e n o B e K y . X P H C T O C B CBoeM y i e H H H 3anpemaeT r iaBaTB n p n c n r y H MU, eCJIH B e p H M B H e T O , T O nOJDKHU 3 T O X i ; O K a 3 U B a T b , H B T a K H X c n y q : a H X , ecjiH 6u S T O T O J I B K O noTpe6oBa-J I O C B , MM npnJKHbl JKepTBOBaTB CO6OK). B O T X O T H 6U TaKofi n e p e x o j j , KaK H a3H a ^HJ iH MHe. 3TO 6y,neT H e C K O J I B K O T b I C H I B e p C T H n p O H T H HVJKHO S T a n H U M nopHflKOM B 3HMHee BpeMH H n e p e S u B a T b B HecKonbKHX TK>pBMaX--BW K O H e ^ H O 3 T H TMpBMU, 3 T a n U H K 3 K H e T a M oSpatueHHH He H cnuT a JIH H He 3Haexe, HO H yxce n o 3 H a -KOMHJICH c HHMH. . . C apecTaHTaMH oSpamaioTCH He 1.05 KaK C JTIOJJBMH, a KaK C WHBOTHHMH , H OT T d K O r O 06pa~ meHHH MOWHO 3a6oj ieTB H y M e p e T B . . H B e e S T O iionycKaio, HHawe He Mory iionycTHTB, XpncTa ocjiymHBaTBCH o w e H B He xopomo. ( I ^ H T a T B i : H C T . flyx. CyxopeBa, C T p . 80-83; „He B CHJie Eor. :.." r . B e p n r H H a C T p . 69-73.) nocjie 35EOUO pasEOBOp n epe i i i ex t Ha Bonpoc o BoeaHofi c j iyw6e. neTp BacHJiBeBHw H e c o M H e H H O HanoMHHaji C B O H M noceTH-T e j i H M o KpecTHUx noxojjax H3 cpe/JHeBeKOBOH H C T O P H H , KOTOpbie BepSOBaJIHCB SyjJTO B O H M H XpHCTa, KaK XpHCTOJTK)6HBbie BOHHCTBa, HO B cyniHOCTH 6BIJIH no6ywiieHbi JTOWHBIMH n o y w e H H H M H 3ana,nHoro H B O C T O W H O T O conepHHwecKoro x t y x o B e H C T B a , c OJJHOH CTOPOHBI H aJIWHBIM 3 a X B a T H H i e C T B O M B H 3 a H T H H C K O H 3eMJIH e B p o n e H C K H M H KOpOJIHMH, C II ,pyrOH C T O p O H H . B e p H T H H , B CBOH) OWepeJJB, CWHTaeT B C H K a e B O H H H BextHKHM 3 a d J i y w j j e H H e M H r p y S b i M npoTHBopewneivi y w e H H H Hncyca XpncTa: JIIOIIH HJJH H a BoeHHyio cJiyw6y, 6ojiBUieH wacTBio /.a r O B O p H T , WTO OHH 3aWHCJIHIOTCH B XpHCTOJTK)6HBOe B O H H C T B O . 3 T O yweHHe n o n o B H c a M H H 6OJTBUIOH o6MaH C O CTOPOHBI HX, KOTOpHM OHH XCHByT. T a K O H o6MaH, OC06eHHO B H a i l i e BpeMH, HeyMeCTHBIH B XpHCTHaHCTBe H BCHKHH WeJIOBeK, XOTB He M H O T O 3 HaKHlIHH SCH3HB H yweHHe XpncTa, HerwojiweH 6u c o r j i a c H T B C H c S T H M oSMaHOM, HO JIWJJH H HBiHeuiHero BpeMeHH T a K j i e r K O noruiaioTCH 3 T O M y H n p H H H M a i o T 3a n p a B H J i B H o e yweHne. Torjja K a K X P H C T O C B CBoeM yweHHH o6jiHwaji H p a 3 p y m a j i B O e H H I H H y , KOTOpaH CJiyWHT JIHUIB JJJIH OJJHOrO H a C H J I H H , H 3a S T O ero,, T O J I B K O TaKHe we cojiiiaTbi, pacnnjin H n p e r i a J i H CMepTH. H B HBiHeuiHee BpeMH, ecjin T O T we X P H C T O C npHUieji 6BI H SjiaroBecTBOBaJi T O T we MHP, H T e n e p B , H y B e p e H , TaK w e 6H nocTyrtHJiH c HHM, KaK n o c T y n n j i H c HHM 1900 J i e T TOMy Ha3ar i . H S T O MOWHO-JIH c w H T a T B 3 a XpHCTOJiK)6HBoe B O H H C T B O ? CKopee Bcero 3TO MOWHO CWHTaTB BOH H C T B O M HHKOJiaH H nOXOJJHT OHO H a 6ojiBLuyio uiafiKy p a 3 6oHHHKOB, B O r j i a B e K O T O P O H C T O H T HHKOJiaH, H HHaCKOJIBKO B03MOWHO TaK H IIOHHMaiO WH 3HB H yweHHe X p n c T a —H y w H O O C B O 6 O J J H T B C H O T T a K o r o 3a6jiywii.eHHH H He y w a c T B O B a i b B T a K H X jjejiax. H yMecTHo 6u 6HJIO ,nyxo6optiaM, K a K xpncTHaHaM HBiHeuiHero 106 BpeMeHH, COBCeM O T K 3 3 S T b C f l OT BOeHHOH CJTy)K6bl . H CIHTaH) C B O e K ) 06H3 a H H O C T B K ) CKS3 a T B H M S T O , noTOMy I T O H Bceiiejio COCTOK ) n e p e j j H H M ^ e x i O B e K O M B nyxoSop-• q e c K O M oSmecTBe H, H e C K a 3 a B H M S T O T O floracHoro— H Mory OTBe^aTB 3a S T O nepext BoroM H noTOMy npnMOH MOH xtojir neperi. B O T O M H xtyxoeopiiaMH c K a 3aTB H M S T O , *ITO6BI OHH, c o r j r a c H O y q e H H i o Hncyca XpncTa H Moero JTHMHOrO COBeTa OTK a 3 aJIHCB O T BOeHHOrO HeHCTBHH,— He HflTH B COJTflaTBI H He y^aCTBOBaTB H H B KaKHX BOeHHBIX JJieHCTBHHX, X O T H 6bl KOCBeHHO. [HaiTOMHHM: BepHTHH ocyxcnajT JlyKepBio KaxiMbiKOBy, npenuiecTByioinyK) pyKOBOflHTejiBHHiiy nyxoSopiieB, 3a ee corxiacne nencT-B O B a T B nKOCBeHHO" , B BOeHHBIX fleHCTBHHX, C T p . 38.] Opyscne K a K o e ecTB y nyxodopiieB, HanpHMep p y a c B H , peBOJTBBepbl, Ca6jTH, KHHSCaJTbl, KOTOpbie npHoSpejiH O H H , yjjjaJTHHcB O T yieHHH XpncTa, Bee co6paTB B ORHO MecTo H B 3HaK HenpoTHBjreHHH 3Jry 3JTOM, H B HcnojiHeHHe 3anoBexiH: „ H e y6HH H, nnpenaTB Bee S T O coscsceHHio, OTHK ) , naMHTyn, cjroBa XpncTa: BSHBHIHH Me^ :, O T Me^a xtoJraceH H n o r a 6 H y T B . (CM. CHOCKy BBHue; TaM s e e . ) Bbiuie, nepenaHHbie Jiyxo6opnaM 6OJTBUIOH napTHH coBeTbi BepHTHHa, q T 0 6 b I OHH OTKa3aJTHCB O T B C H K O T O HMH npH06peTeHHOTO o p y i t H H H n o H B e p r x i H ero KO Bceo6meMy O T K p u T O M y c o x o i c e H H i o H MT06BI OHH OTKa3aJlHCb BO BCeyCJTBUliaHHe O T y i a C T H H B BOeHHBIX fleHCTBHHX, HenOCpeXtCTBeHHBIX HJTH K O C B e H H H X . 3TH COBeTH B O -n e p - B H x O T H O C H J T H C B K nyxo6opiiaM B oSinecTBe H H.yxo6opiiaM B pacceneHKH. neTp B a c H J i b e B H q nyMaji, I T O no H X see coScTBeHHOMy ySescneHHK), O H H MOTJTH 6BI S T O cnenaTB, TaK KaK O H H npHo6pejTH opyxene, B npoTHBope^ne noyqeHHio XpncTa, 3a C B O H C O 6 C T B eHHbie cpencTBa, X O T H T a x o e coxcxceHHe n o c q H T a J i o c B 6BI Ha^ajTBCTBOM KpafiHe n p e i t o c y j j H T e n B H U M . Ho KaK O H M O T nocoBeTOBaTB TaKoe coaoKeHHe opyxcHH H OTpe^eHHe O T B o e H H O H cnyacSbi TeM nyxo6opiiaM, KOTopue 6HJIH cojiflaTaMH H cjry»cHJiH B pa3HBix oTpniiiax rocynapcTBeHHoro BOHCKa 107 no paHHeMy HaSopy H KOTopue SBIJIH orieTbi H o6yTbi H HOCHJIH BoeHHbie opyrtHH, onjiateeHHBie rocyrtapcTBeHHOH Ka3Hofi? C T O I K H 3peHHH BoeHHoro HawajiBCTBa, S T O nocwHTajiocB 6BI 3 a H3MeHy H, B O BpeMeHa BOHHBI, 3 a npertaTejiBCTBO HHTepecoB poztHHbi H nepexort Ha CTopoHy Bpara. ITPHTOM, S T O 6BI SHJIO He3aKOHHoe pa3pymeHHe rocynapcTBeHHoro opyacHH, orteacrtBi H o6yBH KOTopue He 6HJIH npHo6peTeHbi cojinaTaMH 3a C B O H cpertcTBa, a 3a K a 3 e H H B i e . B O T KaK O H npe/jcTaBJiHeTCH,—STOT KpecT c j i e r t o B a H H H 3a XpHCTOM: ECJIH K T O xoieT HJJTH 3a MHOKO, OTBeprHHCB cebn H B03BMH KpeCT CBOH H CJieflyH 3a MHOM. H6O K T O xoweT rtyiuy [ M 3 H B ] CBOKJ cGepewB, T O T noTepneT ee; a K T O noTepaeT rtyiuy [JKHSHB] C B O B partH MeHH, T O T o6peTeT ee. (EB. O T MaT.cJ. 1 6 : 2 4 - 2 5 . ) BepnrHH jjaeT cjiertyioiiiHe coBeTBi cojiJjaTaM HaxortHBiiiHMCH B pa3HBix pa3pnjiax BOHCKa: TeM, KOTopue ace cenwac HaxortHTCH B pa3pnriax BOHCKa, H coBeTyio H M cjjaTB Bee opyacne no npHHart-JieacHocTH, naace no MyHxinpa, H O 6 B H B H T B ce6K, WTO O H H xpncTHaHe H H M Bee S T O He npHJiHwecTByeT, H c S T o r o JJHH, O H H SoJiee He MoryT ywacTBOBaTB HH B K a K H x HacHJi&CTBeHHBix rtejiax BoeHHOH apMHH; BceMy s STOMy npOTHBOpeWHT HX COSCTBeHHaH COBeCTB H yweHHe Hncyca XpHCTa. (CM. CHOCKy BBime; TaM see.) fleHB BJIH coacaceHHH opyacHH, ojJHOBpeMeHHO B O Bcex Tpex ry6epHHHX—B THOJIHCGKOH-, B EjiH3aBeTnoJiBCKOH H B KapcKOH—6BIJI Ha3HaweH Ha 29 HIOHH 189 5 rofla, B rteHB CBHTBIX anocTOJioB neTpa H naBJia, B 12 wacoB HOWH. 3 T O T rteHB 6BIJI Toace rtHeM poacrteHHH neTpa BacHJiBeBHwa BepnrHHa. OnncaHne flencTBHTejiBHoro coacaceHHH opyrtHH, MoaceT 6 H T B 1 0 8 B H e HaiueH 3aflaiH paccjie,noBaHHH, X O T H 6yneT yMecTHO 3aMeiHTb, OHO coGTOHJiocB B Tpex ry6epHHHX HacejieHHbix irtyxoSopLiaMH SojTBiiioH n a p T H H B 3aKaBKa3&e. B AxaxtKajiaKCKOM ye3,ne (TH$JTHC-C K O H rySepHHH) , HanpHMep, S T O coxoiceHHe BBi3Bajio BoeHHO-ax(MHHHCTpaTHBHoe n p e c x t e r t o B a H K e , KOHWHBuieecH CTpaniHbiM KpoBaBbiM H36aeHHeM (HHKBH3HiiHeH) jjyxoSopiieB. nocjie TaKoro n 3 6 n e H H f l f n p a B H T e j i B C T B O peuiHJio BbicJiaTB jjyxoSopiieB,— cBHtnie 4 0 0 0 ceMeHHBix W H T e j i e H , - - H 3 H X M e c T o a c H T e J i B C T B , H 3 6 J i a r o y c T p o e H H b i x H i i B e T y n i H X jjepeBeHB, H pacceJiHTB H X no j j ax teKHM a y j i a M B cperte rpy3HH H oceTHH. OHH B KKopoTKoe B p e M H cnejiajiHCB s c H T e x t H M H B pacce-jieHHH. H e K O T o p u e 6BIJIH cocjiaHBi B C H 6 H P B , B HKyTCKyio oSxtacTB H M H O r a e 6B1J IH 3 a K J I K ) W e H U B T i o p B M a x . B KaBKa3CKHX TiopBMax flyxo6opuBi COJJepXCaJIHCB B BeCBMa M y w H T e J i & H U X ycxtOBHHX. H e c K O J i B K O C O T rtyxo6opiieB, ywacTByioiiiHX B COXOKeHHH OpyHCHH , BCHWeCKH HCTH3aJlH f a nO B b l X O J i e H 3 TKJpBMbl, no jJOHeceHHio CCBIJIBHUX: Hac p a 3 o c j i a x t H no pa3HbiM TaTapcKHM ayjiaM E x t H 3 a -BeTnOJIBCKOH, EaKH HCKHH H 3peB a H C K O H rySepHHHM. B K a a c f l o e oSniecTBO H3 2 0 0 flym Ha3HawnjiH Hac no x ( B a wejiOBena. . . KpoMe T a i a p , HH K a K o r o H a p o x i a K H a M H e nonycKajiocB. . . TepnHM H y a c j j y O T p a 3 H B i x 6 o J i e 3 H e H , a 6 o j i e e T O T O O T rojiona. MojiOiHueMftyxogopLj^ HapHbie.a.6aTajiBOHBi sar©TKas-iOTaBoeHHOH.-iCJiyscgu HJiHc.co .GJiaHbi H a nocejieHHe B BoeTOHHyjo^CH6HpB7<jnepewHBaJiH ^ rpy6He;..HGTH3aHHH. OnH.caHHe; TaKoBBIX-T3 aMe W e H B • ^  e p T. K< © B H M O T S pyKonHCH, .„rrte BpaT T B O H ? " - • • • -'" 109 Te HcriHTaHHH KOTOPBIM O H H n o f l B e p r a j T H C b B 6aTajiBOHe, He n o f l f l a B a j i H C B HHKaKHM onHcaHHHM. HaqaxiBCTBO 3arj;a-JIOCB iieJiBio npHHyxj;HTB H X cJiyacHTB. Hx 3an.Hpa.riH B Kapuep; ceKjin ny^iKaMH CBH3aHHbix TepHOBHX npyTBeB, yroman npn S T O M nana^en B O H K O H ; H a c H J i B C T B e H H O KHnajiH q :epe3 H K a 6 b u i K y " ; 3 a r o H H J i H B iiepKOBB peMHHMH H uiaiiiKaMH; O T K a 3 f a i B a B i i i H X C H, no C B O H M pejiHrH03HbiM Bepo-BaHHHM, 3aCTaBJlHJIH KpeCTHTBCH H CTSHOBHTBCH Ha KOJieHH , — — TyT »te B CaMOH UepKBH, H 3 6 H B a J I H flO KpOBH; Bpaq 3aCTaBXIHJl HX npOTHB BOJIH eCTB MHCO H BCH^eCKH Han. HHMH HaflpyrancH; H S S H T H X H O nojEycMepTH po3raMH He npnHHManH B 6onBHHiiy. . . 3aieM OTnpaBJiHJiH H X STanHBiM nyTeM B HKyTCKyio o 6 J i a c T B Ha 18 neTHioio ccbuiKy... (BnaflHMHp ^epTKOB, „rne BpaT T B O H ? " England, 189 8, C T P . 57.) Bojiee 400 ceMefi HJIH npH6nH3HTeji&HO 4 4 0 0 n.yiii Sann H3rHaHBi H pacceneHBi B y e 3 r i a x , cMesceHHbix c T H O J I H C C K H M . OHH HenpecTaHHO cTpanann O T rojiona H BceB03MoxcHbix j i H i r t e H H H . I I O I T H noroJiOBHO 6ojiejiH O T H3HyPHTenBHBIX JinxopanoK, U H H T H H xtpyrnx 6ojie3HeH ( O T HenocTaTKa B H T 3 M H H O B ) . MHorne H 3 H H X , B oco6eH-H O C T H JieiH, ocjienjiH O T caMoro yscacHoro npoHB JICHHH IIBIHTH, npn K O T O P O M rna3a Bocnannic-TCH H BBiTeKaioT. no CBeneHHHM nyxo6op-neB, O T 6 0 0 no 1 0 0 0 neTen BbiMepjiH. Ho caMoe MyiHTejibHoe y c n o B H e H X nojiosceHHH 6HIJIO B T O M , I T O OHH He M o r j i n npen.BHn.eTB npencTomneH H M cyriB6bi: O H H He 3Hajin 3 a n o npHHHMaTBCH, y HHX He 6bUIO 3eMJlH HJIH 06pa60TKH, HH OTXOXCHX 3apa60TKOB, HH neHescHBix epencTB HJIH nponHTaHHH. OHH IUJIH K rjiaBHOHa^ajiBcT-ByioineMy, I T O 6 H y 3 H a T B , B KaKOM n o j i o x c e H H H H X n e J i o H ero OTHOUieHHe K HHM OHH OnHCblBaiOT TaK: KHH.3B TOHHIIBIH Hac npHHHJi H 3 a q a n Hac cnpaniHBaTB: — Hy n o SpaTiiH, xoTHTe?—MBI eMy T O B O P H M : X O T H M y3H&TB Ha KaKOM ocHOBaHHH Hauia BbiceJiKa?—OH HaM roBopHT: Bauia BbiceJiKa Bripeflb flo noKaHHHH.--MBI eMy roBopHM: B qeM KaHTBCfl?.—OH T O B O P H T : B H He noBHHy-e.Te.CB npaBHTejiBCTBy.—MBI eMy T O B O P H M : MBI B O BceM 110 n O B H H V e M C H , TOJIBKO He M O S C e M 6bITB connaTaMH.—A OH ceSqac roBopHT: B O T S T O T O H r j i a B H o e . TaK B O T H cTpaiiaHTe. HeT B a M 6ojiBiue H H ^ e r o , noTOMy B H nocTa-B H J I H Ha C B O e M . KaK X O T H T e , TaK H K O p M H T e C B . H BaM noKa He acejiaio 3Jia, a acenaio Bcero xopomero.— nOKJIOHHJICH H nOIIieJI. T a K B H f l H O 6HJIO, n o OH He xoTeji O T Hac M H O T O c n y i i i a T B . (TaM ace.) B c y i q H O C T H , no cnaBaM B. ^ l e p T K O B a , T O , n o T O B O P H J I r o n n i i H H , 3Ha^ :HJio H H I T O H H o e , K a K cneriyiomee: npaBHTejiBCTBo RO C H X n o p Bac y M e p n i B j i H J i o nyTeM roJiona H HacHJiBCTBeHHoro j iHiueHHH Bcero HeoSxorxHMoro RJIR acH3HH. H H , TenepeuiHHH npextCTaBHTeJiB BHcnien npaBHTejiBCTBeHHOH BJiacTH Han: BaMH, Syjxy npononacaTB Bac y SHBaTB,— y 6 H B a T & He TOJIBKO Tex H3 Bac, KOTopne O T K a s a j i H C b O T BoeHHOH c n y a c d H , HO H H X CTapHKOB-poflHTeJien, H cecTep H aceH H ManbixnneTeii, jjfloceHX nop H3 B a u i e r o nepBOHa^ajiBHoro qncjia, 4000 nyni, ySHTa HaMH n o n n o x t H a T b i c n q a , T O e c T B , OKOJIO q e T B e p T H B c e x B a c . TenepB H 6yny JJ,OBOJJ;HTB H O c M e p T H nocpen -C T B O M B e j i H ^ a n i u H X H C T H 3 a H H H H ocTajiBHbix, eme OCTaB-HIHXCH B XCHBBIX, H 6yny npononacaTB Bee S T O nenaTB no Tex nop n o K a He norndHeT nocJiextHHH pedeHOK, HJIH ace n o K a BaniH M y a c B H , CBIHOBBH, OTIIBI H 6 p a T B H He corji a -C H T C H n o c T y n a T B n p o T H B c B o e f l c o B e c T H . ( T a M a c e , C T p . 59-60.) 1 iGoBeTEHeipaaBacHJifieBHsa O T K a s a s E C H TeoJinaT-aMHOT-HBoeHHOH cjiyac6bi H BceMy odciecTBy n y x o 6 o p n , e B npenaTB ormo Bee H X o p y a c n e B 3 H a K H e n p O T H B J i e H H H 3ny 3JIOM, H e MOTJTH 6bITB o c y m e c T B H M H 6e3 H X oSoioflHoro c o m a c H H H H X cornacoBaHHoro ueHCTBHH:. B C O B O -KynHOCTH rj,yxo6opiiBi B H n o j i H H J i H coBeTbi BepnrHHa H B coBOKynHOCTH n o c i H r J i H H X T a K H e y a c a c H H e n o c n e n c T B H H , K O T O p H e MBI HHIUB q a C T H M H O 3 aMeTHJIH B B U l i e H K O T O p b i e CfleJ ia j IH n O J I O a c e H H K H X aCH3HH c o B c e M 6e3BBixori .HHMH, B npenejiax pyccKOH 3 e M J i H . Kor\na neTp BacHJiBeBHa y3Han 0 6 H X nonoaceHHH> o.H:. y B H f l e j i , n o KpoMe MyqeHHiecTBa, KOTopoe OH H caM H C I I B I T H B a n , I l l H M y r p o a c a j i o noriHeBOJiBHoe pa.3•beflHHeHne H MoaceT 6BITB cMepTB BceMy jjyxo6opq:ecKOMy riBHaceHHio. OH xtyMaxi o c p e n c T B a x K Bbixojiy H3 3jrorx3 nojioaceHHH H M e n a J i o BbicejreHHH, — HO Kyxta H K S K H M 06pa30M. B TaKoe CTpaflHoe BpeMH neTp BacHJiBeBHa c^HTaJi C B O H M jjojiroM nocbuiaTB BceM ero 6paTBHM nncBMa, B KOTOPBIX O H H Haxo-XTHJIH n y x o B H o - H p a B C T B e H H y i o noflflepacKy H nonKpenj ieHHe CHJT, MTOSBI BBixiepjKaTB no KOHiia H X 6e3Ha,neacHoe nojioaceHHe acH3HH. flajiBine, BepnrHHa TpeBoacHJia MUCJIB O HenocTaTKe MaTepn-a x i B H H x epencTB XJ;JIH nepecejieHHH, Kyna HH6y,nB, MHoroMHCJieHHoro jj;yxo6opq:ecKoro HacejieHHH. npn T O M , Ha K O T O MOT 6BI O H pac-CMHTBIBaTB Ha MOpaJIBHyK) H MaTepHaJIBHyK) n O M O M b I T O 6 H xoxtaTaHCT-BOBaTB 3a HHX, KOTfla CaM OH 6bIJI H30XIHpOBaH OT HHX B CH6HPH nou, C T P O T H M Han3opoM HaqaJi&CTBa. OH c a M HaxojjHJicH B 6e3Bbi-x o f l H O M noxioaceHHH, HO He rryMan o ce6e OH CTapaJicn nncaTB BceM KOMy MOT, -qacTO nojj nceBflOHHMOM, MTO6BI oSecne^iHTB nncBMa O T B CKpblTHH IieH30pOM. B H a n i e n pa6oie 3 , n e c B 3 a T p a r H B a i o T C H He TOJIBKO n o H H m e c o n e p a c a H H H JIHMHHX n n c e M n e T p a BacHJiBeBH^ia, HO T a K ace, MoaceT SBITB npeHMymecTBeHHO, noHHTHe oco6eHHOcTeH ero x a p a K T e p a . CnejiaeM K p a T K y w o r o B o p K y : JIHUIB TOJIBKO n e p e i H T H B a H JiHMHbie n H C B M a BepurHHa, M H T a T e j i B H e M o a c e T B B n o J i H e n p o H H K H y x b B ero xtyniy H o n p e x i e j i H T B B e j i H^HHy ero x a p a K T e p a , X O T H ero nncBMa o c B e m a i O T c n o c o 6 H O C T B e r o p a 3 M B i u i j i e H H H. HaM o n e n y e T o n H O B p e -M e H H O c n H C B M a M H n e p e^HTaTB HeKOTOptae M O M e H T b i ero SnorpacpHH, 112 6 y j J b O H a H3o6paxceHa OXIHHM HJIH M H O T H M H 6 H o r p a $ a M H , K O T o p u e M O T J I H 6bITb J I H H H O 3 H a K O M b l C J I H W H O C T b K ) H xapaKTepoM neTpa BacHJibeBHwa B e p n r H H a . B H o r p a $ H w e c K H H o w e p K x a p a K T e p a MoaceT xtawe xtaTb H a M 6oJiee n o j i H o e n o H H T H e o c o f l e p x a H H H e r o JIHWHHX n n c e M , H a n H c a H H b i x H M noc j i e c o M e H H H .nyxo'SopiiaMH o p y x c H H 29 HIOJIH 189 5 r . IIpencTaBHM B O nepBbix CKoro owepKa: „BocnoMHHaHHe n o J i H T H w e c K o r o ccbuibHoro, no Ha CBo6oJj;e H WHJI B 06flopcKe OTKyrta O H n n c a j i C B O H nncbMa KpaTKyK) BbiJiepwKy H 3 SHorpacJiHwe-o n. B. BepHrHHe", H 3 3anncoK HMeHH „H. P.", Korxta OH eme 6HJT Kyria 6biJi cocJ iaH n. B. BepnrHH H H 3 CCblJlKH. ABTOP „BOCnOMHHaHHH" B O nepBbix onncbiBaeT pacnojioxceHHe H KawecTBO Hacej ieHHH OSrtopcKa: KapTbl, B H HO / H C n J i e T H H HBJIHIOTCH nOWTH e f l H H C T B e H " HbiM pa3BJiew:eHHeM wHTeJieH 3axoJiycTHbix pyccKHX ceji H ropoflKOB, a B oco6eHHocTH C H 6 H P C K H X . THeTymaH TOCKa H c K y K a H o c T H r a i o T T a M KyjibMHHaiiHOHHoro n y H K T a B JJ;HH BeceHHeft H oceHHeft p a c n y T H i i b i , Korrna K oSbp-iHbiM ycjio-B H H M T a K H X M e C T , npOH3BOJ4HUIHX x a H f l p y H C K y K y , n p n -coex(HHHioTCH eme: n o J i H a n 6e3 ,neHTejibHOCTb H HeB03Moxc-HOCTB H M e T B , KaKOe~6bI TO HH 6bIJIO OSweHHe C MHpOM. B npo.noJDKeHHH HecKOJibKHx MecHiieB, — 2 - x , a T O H 3 - x — o6biBaTejiB T a K o r o 3axojiycTbH ly'BCTByeT ce6n coBep-IIieHHO OTOpBaHHbIM OT SCH3HH H HCaXCJia K aKOTO HHSyrtb B H e u i H e r o B n e w a T J i e H H H , i e r o H H G y j j B H O B O T O , i e r o HHSyjJB T a K O r O , MTO MOTJIO XOTH Ha MH H y T y B C K O J I H X H y T b w e J i o B e K a , npo6y,n.HTb O T r toj iron c n a i K H , B T&Kne MOMeHTM flocTHraeT y Hero K p a H H e f t C T e n e H H HanpnieHUH. nosTOMy, K o r r i a y c T a H a B J i H B a i O T C H .noporn H BO3O6HOBJIH-e T C H coo6meHHe, T O B C H K H H nepBbifi 3 K n n a » , HJIH n e p B o e cyjJHo, — C M O T P H no BpeMeHH r o x t a , - - B C T p e w a K)TCH w y T b JIH He norojioBHO BceM HacejieHneM, 3a6pouieHHoro Ha caMMH KpaH nj iaHeTU M e c T e w K a , a BecTB o B H O B B n p n -6biBL0HX pa3HOCHTCH no BceMy cejiy C SblCTpOTOH 3JieK-TpnwecKOH H C K p u . CaMue TpyrtojiioSHBue H riOMOBHTbie X 0 3 H H K H B T 3 K H X S K C T p a O p f l H H a p H U X CJiyWaHX 6pOCaK)T 113 caMbie H e o T J i O K H b i e nena C B O H H 6eryT K cocexiKe none-J J H T B C H CBejKefi HOBOCTbK). TaK me T O M H O cny^HJiocb H B O K T H 6 P C K H H Beiep 1894 rofia, Korfla B OSnopcK npn-exaxi neTp BacHJTBeBHM BepnrHH co C B O H M TOBapHineM, <|)aMHJiHK) KOToporo TenepB He Mory npnnoMHHTB , — H a i n -HanacB OHa Ha 0. [ S T O 6bin nyxoSopeu, B. H. 06benKOB, npHM. B. B. B . ] . . . (B. EoHM-BpyeBHM: „3anHCKH noxiHTHMecKoro CcujibHoro H. P." npHJioxceHHe K nElHCBMaM" n e T p a BepurHHa, C T p . 201-202.) B 3 T O H B C T y n H T e j i b H O H qacTHiKe K 6Horpa<|)HH n. B. Bepu-rHHa, aBTop „BocnoMHHaHHfl" HOKa3biBaeT, n o OH xopoiuo BnaneeT x y n o x c e c T B O M J i H T e p a T y p H o r o cnoBa H npoHHiiaTeJTBHOCT&io y M a K o6o3peHHK> ciieH H ocoSeHHO moneH n o o6xiHKy H xtencTBHio H n o jjyxoBHo—H p a B C T B e H H O M y H $Hnoco<|)CKOMy p a 3 M b n u n e H H K ) . OH n o K a -3 b i B a e T , n o H M e e T x o p o m y i o y M C T B e H H y i o H jTHTepaTypHyio cnoco6-H O C T B , n o 6 b i HanncaTB peajiHCTHiecKHH o ^ e p K x a p a K T e p a BepnrHHa 3 a Bee B p e M H CBoero JiniHoro 3 H a K O M C T B a c HHM B OSnopcKe. OH nponanxcaeT H O B O C T B 3Ta [ n p H e 3 J i a B e p n r H H a ] M e H H c p a 3 y KaK T O BCKonb ixHyna . n o n H T H ^ e c K H X K HaM n a B H o y»ce nepecTaxiH nocbinaTB. I I o c j i e j i H H H H3 H H X n p n e x a n B 06nopcK rona 3 a nBa nepe . i i . S T H M H TenepB noxcHBan y»ce nocnenHHe H H H c p o K a CBoen C C H J I K H . XOBHJIH c n y x H, n o n o J T H T H M K C K H X B HauiH Kpan 6oJiBuie nocbinaTB yxce H e SynyT H .neficTBH-T e J I b H O , neTp B a C H J l b e B H ^ 6bIJl n O C J i e f l H H H H 3 a f lMHHHCTpa -THBHBIX, nOCXiaHHblH K H a M RJ1H. OXJTaXCfleHHH peBOJIIOlIHOHHOrO nHJia npn Haiirnx 60 rpanycHHX M o p o 3 a x . M H e n o x i o K H T e x i b H O He C H f l e n o c b flOMa H x o T e n o c b ceftiac me yBHrieTB H O B H X jiioneH, H O B H X HeBoxibHHX o6uBaTeueH Hainero y6ororo ceneHHH. 3itecB TOBOPHJIO, K O H e i H o , H e o n H O T O J I B K O npa3XHHoe j n o S o n t J T C T B O, X O T H H Ha H e r o y M e H H , KaK y Kascnoro o6nopHHHHa,— B p e M e H H o r o HJIH nocTOHHHoro,— 6bIJIH B n O J I H e 3 aKOHHHe O C H O B a H H H . B O S M O K H O C T B yBHJJeTb HOBoro HHTennHreHTHoro lejioBeKa, noroBopHTB c HHM, y c n b i i u a T b O T H e r o p a 3 H b i e H O B O C T H , K a c a r a i n n e c H H a m e r o o6mecTBeHHoro H nojiHTHHecKoro nBHxeeHHH, npoHHKaBWHH K H a M oieHB C K y n o H p e n K o , — H Bee S T O nono>KHTenbHo He no3BOJTHno MHe ocTaB a T B C H i ( O M a . nocjie M H H y T H o r o KOJie6aHHH, H peuiHJi IIOHTH K SHBmeMy Torna y Hac, y»:e 114 ynoMHHVTOMy Bbittie noJiHTHwecKOMy ccbuiBHOMy B. , BnojiHe ocHOBaTejiBHo npaxiFiojiaraH, WTO B H O B B npHexaBiiiHe ocTa-HOBHJIHCB y TOBapHwa. X O T H S T O coo6paweHHe H He onpaBBajiocB, HO H TeM He MeHee 3acTaji neTpa BacHJiB-eBHwa y B. 0Ka3ajiocB, WTO O H C O C B O H M cnyTHHKOM ocTaHOBHjicH y ojJHoro 3BipHHHHa, cojjepwaBiuero, Kasteicfl, 3eMCKyio KBapTHpy, HO cenwac »ce pa3HCKaj i KBapTHpy B. H npHnieji K HeMy; cnyTHHK we ocTaJicn Ha KBapTHpe • Korfla H npHiueji, T O 3acTaji cnop ywe B pa3rape. BBICO-K H H , cyxon, Ha JIJIHHHBIX TOWHX, Horax ojjeTux B nHMbi [BaJieHKH] H3 ojreHBHX Jian, B. , HepBHO, KaK MaHTHHK, MeTaxtcH B3ar( H Bnepext no KOMHaTe pa3MaxHBan pyKaMH H XCUMH nannpocoH a Ha jieBO, y C T O J i a 3aBajreHHoro KHHraMH H BCHKOH JjpHHBK), Ha npOCTOM flepeBflHHOM CTyjie CO CIIHHKOH , CnOKOHHO BblTHHyBlUH Hora, O6JIOKO-T H C B Ha K p a n C T O J i a , CHJjexi oweHB njiOTHHH H COJIHXIHUH MywWHHa , KOTOpOMy Ha BHJJ MOWHO bblJIO flaTB OKOJIO T p H -fliiaTH, H caMoe 6oJiBiuoe TpHfliiaTB JieT. C TOJIOBBI ero, na Ha JIO6 H Ha 3aThuioK naxtajiH ewe He oweHB OTpocniHe, npHMBie H coBepmeHHo wepHBie BOJIOCBI, pa3rtextHBuiHecJi npHMbiM npoSopoM Ha flBe paBHBie wacTH. KpynHoe, MycKyxtHCToe, HecKOJiBKO nportojiroBaToe JIHIIO C XIOBOJIBHO n p a B H J i B H U M H, HO r p y 6 o B a T b i M H w e p T a M H , 6BIJ10 o 6 p a M J i e H O He6oJiBiiioH wepHOH 6opoj iKOH. Tnn ero HejiB3H 6BIJIO 6BI Ha3B3TB WKCTO CJiaBHHCKHM. Y3KHH p a 3 p e 3 TJTa3 H HecKoxtBKO 6oj iee oSHKHOBeHHoro pa3BHTbie CKyjiBi y K a 3 B i -B ajiH Ha HeKOTopyw npHMecB KaK OH HHSyxiB rrpyroft pacbiii Ha MeTaBuierocH no KOMHaTe B. HacMeuijiHBO CMOTpe/iH npoHHiiaTeJiBHBie Kapne rjia3a, OKaHMjieHHBie ryiHHHbiMH wepHBiMH we pecHHiiaMH. BbipaweHHe ero cMyrjioro jiHiia 6bIJIO COBepiIieHHO CnOKOHHO C WyTB 3aMeTHBIM OTTeHKOM npoHHH. npenMeTOM cnopa 6HJI Bonpoc 0 HenpoTHBjieHHH 3Jiy. B. c ropHWHocTBio j J O K a 3 H B a j r , WTO S T O wenyxa, WTO S T O BBirtyMKa ToncToro HH Ha weM He ocHOBaHHan H npHTOM jjaxteKO ne*rHOBanj WTO C S M H nocJienoBaTeJiH S T o r o npHHLiHna I I O C T O H H H O npoTHBOpewaT eMy, T O H jjejio OTCTynaioT O T Hero H WTO Jiawe naccHBHOe conpoTHBJieHHe, KOTopoe O H H Bee we oKa3BiBaioT 3 J i y — B c e - T a K H conpoTH-BJieHHe. (TaM we, C T p . 202-204.) 3rtecB wHTaTeJiio HajjjiewHT ocTaHOBHTBCH H nof lyMaTB, KOMy H3 flByx copeBHyiomHX, B nocTaBJieHHOM Bonpoce, JiHWHOCTen, HaM npHfleTCH npncyx(HTB 6oji&niee npeHMyuiecTBO. KaK BHJJHO, B. cTa-paeTCH BBinrpaTB B a p r y M e H T e , rtejian He noJiHoe nocTaBJieHHe Bonpoca, — n H e c o n p o T H B J i e H H H 3 J i y " . Ho noJiHBiH Bonpoc nocTaBJieHHbiH 115 T O J I C T H M , xtaBHO 6HIJI n o c T a B J i e H X P H C T O M H n o T O M y , nocjienoBa-TeJIBHO C T 3 B H T B C H H BepHrHHBIM, „ HeCOnpOTHBJieHHe 3 J i y 3JIOM" a IIconpoTHBJieHHe 3Jiy rtoepoM11. 3TO „HeconpoTHBjieHHe" H S T O „ conpoTHBJieHHe" E . Ha3biBaeT naccHBHBiMn, KOTopue B cyuiHocTH c a M H e a K T H B H b i e c n o c o 6 u B wejioBewecKHX rteHCTBHHX B nyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHOM CMBicJie. P a c u m p H H rjiySwe S T O T apryMeHT, E . OIUHSOWHO nponojrscaeT: naccHBHocTB »e conpoTHBxteHHH wauie Bcero HBJineTCH H C T O W H H K O M H O B O T O 3 J i a , C T a H O B H T C H n O I B O H RJIK e r o npoHBJieHHH H 6ecnpenHTCTBeHHoro npoiiBeTaHHH H T.R. neTp BacHJiBeBH-q, B cyuiHocTH roBopn, He CIIOPHJI, a T O J I B K O IIOJJ-jjepscHBaji pa3roBop, O T BpeMeHH no BpeMeHH, noxtaBaji cnoKOHHbie p e n J I H K H , TOJIBKO C 6OJIBIUHM O T T e H K O M H P O H H H , WeM TOT K O T O p b l H O T p a a c a j i c H Ha e r o o6jiHKe H B r j i a 3 a x . nocjie Moero npHxona [npoflojraaeT H. P.] pa3roBop npoxtoJiwaJiCH euie He 6ojiee l a c a . BcKope, yTO M J i eHHBIH rtoporoH IleTp BacHJiBeBHw cTaji nponiaTBcn. Korrta O H nojJHHjicH, T O e r o M o r y i a s , 3JJopoBaH cjinrypa, He TaK 3aMeTHaH, Korrta O H CH,neJi, TenepB 6 p o c H J i a c B n p H M O B TJia3a. OH 6bIJI OWeHB BblCOK POCTOM, Heo6blKHOBeHHO nJIOTHO H npOMHO CJIOSCeH, HO 6e3 BCHKOrO BHflHMOrO HapyiueHHH n p o n o p i i H O H a j i B H O C T H w a c T e n . npncyTCTBHe 60JIBI110H $ H 3 H q e c K O H CHJIH w y B C T B O BaJiocB B O BceM ero c y n i e c T B e ; K a 3 a j i o c B OH OJJHHM mej iwKOM Mor 6BI yHHWTO-X H T B HJIH CTepeTB B nopouioK o6biKHOBeHHoro cper tHero w e j i O B e K a , a T e M 6ojiee T u i e J j y i i i H o r o B., acajiKan <J)Hrypa K O T o p o r o npejJCTaBJiHJia pa3HTeJiBHBiH KOHTpacT c Kpen-K O H , M O W H O H , 3JJ|OpOBeHHOH, HeCKOJIBKO HeyKjnoscef t , MeflBe » c e o 6 p a 3 H O H cpnrypoH neTpa B a c H J i B e B H w a . Ho, BMecTe c TeM E C H O n p e x t c T a B J i H j r o c B, WTO S T O T w e J i o B e K , B e p o H T H o , H H K o r r t a He 6biBaji rHeBHBiM HJIH npocTo pa3-flpa»ce«HBiM, RO T a K O H CTeneHH B e H J i o M H P O M H C I I O K O H C T -BHeM O T Been ero KpyrmoH, HO B BBicuieH C T e n e H H rjoSpo-xtyuiHOH $HrypH, B H y m a B U i e H 6ecKOHeiHoe B O B e p n e BCHKOMy npHXoriHBiiieMy c HHM B K a n o e HH6yjj;B conpHKocHOBeHHe. HHKOMy H 3 3HaBuiHX ero H jrasce BHHeBUiHx e r o B riepBHH pa3, HHKOHM o6pa30M He M o r j i a I i p H H T H MBICJIB, WTO OH 116 npHMHHHT KOMy HHdyrib, xoTb KaKoe HHdynb, X O T B caMoe He3Ha^iHTejiBHoe, X O T B 6ecco3HaTejiBHoe HJIH HeBOJiBHoe 3Jio. fljifl SToro He HVXCHO dbijio cjifanuaTB O T Hero 06 Hjj;ee HenpoTHBJieHHH 3Jiy; HJIH 3Toro coBepmeHHO nocTa-T O I H O 6buio T O J I B K O MHMOJieTHO B3rjiHHyTB Ha Hero. E C J I H 6bi K T O HHdynb nonpo6oBaJi cKa3aTB, n o I l e T p B a c H J i B e B H a cneJian K .aKOH HHdy,n,B He xopoixiHH nocTynoK HJIH npHqHHHJI K O M y HHdynb XOTH ;,3bl CaMblH HHMTOXCHblH Bpe f l , 3TOMy HHKTO 6bl, H3 3HaBJUHX HJIH BHIieBlIIHX e r O , He noBepHJi dbi HH H a onHy MHHyTy. TaKOMy 3aHBJieHHio He noBepHJiH dbi naxce odnopHHe—Hapori, Boodme, oieHb jierKOBepHbiH, MoryaiHH noBepHTB K S K O H yronHo BbinyMKe, Koro dbi O H a He KacaJiacB H KeM dbi He BbicKa3biBaJiacB. H O 3TOTO H e MOrJIO CJiy ^ H T B C H C I l e T p O M BaCHJIbeBH^eM, TaK KaK, n O B T O p S B , B HeM Hflefl HenpOTHB JieHHH dblJia BonjiomeHa H O H Ka3axicH e e oJinueTBopeHHeM. B n o c n e n -CTBHH n e T p BaCHJIBeBKM rOBOpHJI MHe, 1 T O 3Ta pOBHOOTB x a p a K T e p a , M H p o j i i o d H e H C H H C x o n H T e n B H O c T b He T O J I B K O K H e n o c T a x K a M n p y r n x , HO H K o c K o p d J i e H H H M , H a n p a B -j i e H H b i M n p o T H B H e r o , r j ; o c T a j i H C B e M y H e n a p o M [ T . e . S T O He dbuiH naccHBHbie CBOftcTBa xapaKTepa, HO aKTHBHbie nOCTHXCeHHH ] H dblJIH CJieriCTBHeM xionroH, ynopHOH BHyTpeHHeft padOTbi, dnaronapH K O T O P O H O H „nodexi;HJi B c e d e 3Bepn H n o B O 3M O > K H O C T H npndJiH3HJicfl K H V X O B -HOMy THny ^enoBeKa" . (TaM xce, C T P . 204-205.) flanBUie, H. P. aaMeiaeT n p H B e p x e H H O c T b B e p n r H H a K Bere-TepnaHCTBy H HeKOTopbiM nor-MaM H n o y i e H H H M T O J I C T O F O H B T O xce caMoe BpeMH e r o OTpniiaTenBHoe OTHomeHHe K KHHre, odpa30BaHHio, rpaMOTHOCTH H K yMCTBeHHOMy Tpyray,--KOTopoMy OH n p e n n o^HTaeT $H3HiecKHH Tpyxt. Ho B e e S T O dbijio npexcne e r o J I H I H O H nepenncKe c ToncTBiM o K O T O P O M B S T O BpeMH O H 3Han nHiub no HacnbnuKe. Ho BMecTe c TeM, H. P. 3 a M e i a e T ero yMCTBeHHyw c n o c o d H o c T b B pa3MbmineHHHX, B cnopHbix p a c c y x c f l e H H H X H K a K O H nonoJiHHJi C B O H HenocTaTKH Bbiciuero o6pa30BaHHH: B cnopax C B O H X n e T p B a c H j i b e B H M npoHBnnji M H o r o 11 H e x y s o x c H H H o r o y M a " [Bbinaiomerocn xtocTOHHCTBaMH] H ecjiH d u O H nojiyqnn cooTBeTCTByioinee odpa30BaHHe, TO HeT COMHeHHH B TOM, MTO 3TO dbin dbi OHHH H3 3aMe-^ a T e j i B H e H u i H x n e H T e n e n HJIH M b i c n H T e n e H H a m e r o BpeMH... 117 IIpo6eJiH CBoero o6pa30BaHHH O H nonoJiHHJi wTeHHeM K H H T , rJiaBHBIM 0 6 p a 3 0 M flyXOBHO-HpaBCTBeHHoro H OHJIOCOC JJCKO-nHSTHiecKoro [nHeraiecKoro] co,nepxcaHHH. *lHTaji O H C p a B H H T e J I B H O He O C 0 6 e H H O M H O r O ; JlK)6HMbIMH aBTOpaMH e r o 6BIJTH: T O J I C T O H , HeKpacoB, <Dappap, H3JjaHHH „rtJiH HHTejiJiHreHiiHH" H ;njiH Hapona „ n o c p e j J H H K a " H—caMO CO6OH p a 3 y M e e T C H —EBaHreJine, K O T o p o e O H 3Haji nowTH H a H 3 y C T B . H 3 nepHOflHWeCKHX H3JJaHHH IleTp BaCHJIBeBHW nojiywaji Torxta „He,neJiio" H „HoBoe C J I O B O " (pejjaKLiHH KpHBeHKH)". (TaM xce, C T P . 2 0 5 - 2 0 6 . ) flaJiBiue/ H. E. onHCBiBaeT o6pa3 HCH3HH BepnrHHa B 06flop-C K e . KaK O H B O n e p B b i x , noceJiHBiiiHCB B OJJHOM H3 J i y w i U H X AOMOB TOpOJJKa, He MOr BBITepneTB nOJJCJiyiUHBaHHH K^apT.HpH0H:>XO3'HHKOH pa3roBopu neTpa BacnjiBeBHwa c spy3BHMH H noceTHTej iHMH, H nocjie, noBceMecTHo, pacnpocTpaHHH 3TH pa3roBopbi B BecBMa HCKaweHHOM B H j j e , yrposcan B e p n r H H y noJiywHTB B C H K H e H e n p H H T -H O C T H c o CTOPOHBI, H e B M e p y 6r(HTeJiBHoro, HawajiBCTBa. Bo H36e»caHHe 3Toro, OH apeH/JOBaji nycTyw ocTHiiKyio i o p T y H TaM o63aBeJicH C T O J I H P H O H M a c T e p c K O H , H 3 a p a S o T O H KopoTaJi B p e M H H OflHHOwecTBO, HO paooTa, X O T B no MHHHMaJiBHOH CTeneHH o6jierwaJia e M y HeBOJiBHoe npe6biBaHHe B c y p o B O M ceBepHOM K p a e . H. P. rtajiBiue o n n c u B a e T 3xtecB xapaKTep B e p n r H H a , ocyacjjaH e r o 3a ero npocTOTy B TOM, WTO OH JierKO OKa3biBaji BCHKyio noMowB—BCHKOMy BCTpewHOMy H nonepewHOMy—SKcnnyaTH-pyionieMy e r o CTHTVIO menpocTB. ct>H3HwecKH CHJIBHBIH, OH noMoraji TacKaTB KnpnnwH H y w a c T B O B a T B B TKaceJion pa6oTe. MaTepnajiBHo, O H pa3JjaBaji Bee HywjjaioiiiHM H TeM KOTopfeie JIHUIB npeTeHnoBaj iH H a Hyacjjy. D,ejiB nocjiexiHHX SbiJia,—B f a i M a H H T B y npocTaKa HecKOJiBKO cepe6pHHHX HJIH 6yMa»cHbix py6Jien. no BpeMeHaM OH nojiywaji 118 neHexcHhie nocbuiKH, qepes noceTHTejien, O T C B O H X SpaTbeB B 3aKaBKa3Be, H 3 ^ e r o , KpoMe pacxona Ha rrporiHTaHHe, O H H3BOJ4HJI Ha HyxcflarornHX, B O T 3 T O - T O H n o K a 3 b i B a x i o c B eMy 6e3paccynHOH 6jraroTBopHTejiBHOCTBK). Ho S T O , B cymHOCTH, 6biJi ero npHHiinn nocBHineHHH ce6n, KaK npSpbin CaMapHHHH B npHT^e XpncTa, HyxflawinHM. 3TO MU y»ce 3 a M e q a x i H H 3 ero nHceM, Korna O H OTKa-3ajicH nnaTHTB 4 50 p. 3 a ero nepeB03Ky O T IHeHKypcKa B OSnopcK, Kyria O H 6HJI cocxiaH,—paccTOHHHeM Sonee noriTopH T H C H T O BepcT, O H peniHJi HflTH no 3Tany, a Hann^Hbie neHtra H 3 B e n Ha Hyxcnbi HHUIHX H 6exj;Hbix nioneH. 06 S T O M H. P . n n u i e T : noKa xce y neTpa BacHJibeBH^a 6buiH rteHBra, ocTa-H O B H T B ero B ero SxiaroTBopHTenbHbix noxiBHrax He 6bmo BO 3MOXCHOCTH . CaMBie BonHiomHe $aKTbi 3JioynoTpe-6neHH5i ero nodpoToio H ero neHbraMH, 6 e 3 y c n o B H O AOKa3aHHbie, He npHBonnnH H H K MeMy H Ha Haurn ynpeKH O H HeH3MeHHO OTBe^an cBoeft H3Jiio6jTeHHOH Teopneft HenpoTHBjreHHH 3 n y . TeopHW 3 T y , KaK HanSonee ona6yio, OH O T C T B a H B a n npoTHB HauiHX Bbina30K co Bceio cnnoio H HeHcqepnaeMOCTBK) C B o e r o yMa, co Bceio cTpacTHOcTBio Ha. KOTopyio TOJTBKO 6bin cnocoSeH, co Bceio H 3 B O P O T J I H ~ B O C T b K ) CBOeH OgblKHOBeHHO O^ e H B npHMOJTHHeHHOH MblCnH . H TaK HaniH noBonbi npoTHB ero 6 e 3 p a c c y x i H O H Snaro-TBopHTejibHOCTH, iaine Bcero B b i n a n a B i u e H Ha norao TaKKX jiwneH, KOTopbie ee p e u i H T e n b H o He 3acnyxcHBanH, He HyxcnajTHCB B Hen H 3 n o y n o T p e 6 n H x i H e i o,--He n p H B O f l n x i H HH K qeMy B O Tex nop, noKa eMy 6bixio n o pa3flaBaib HecKOJibKo ycneuiHeft Sbinn BJTHHHHH ynpeKOB, nexiaBiuHXCH H 3 M H eMy B flpyroM HanpaBxieHHH, X O T H , Hano C K 3 3 a T B , n o ecxiH 6bi Mbi n p e n B H n e n n H X nencTBHH, H T O , n o O H H 6yxi;yT H M e T t neHCTBHTexibHbiH ycnex, T O Mbi, KOHeiHo B03Jaep»cajiHCB 6bi O T H H X . YnpeKH 3 T H Kaca-JTHCB o 6 p a 3 a >KH3HH ITeTpa BacHJibeBH^a, K O T O P U H 3 H a -iHTenbHO npoTHBope^nn ero C O 6 C T B S H H U M B3mHnaM Ha > K H 3 H b . HecKOJibKo nepBbix MeCHIieB OH X H J I , KaK H roBopHn yxce, HH^ieM He saHHMancb, ecnn He c^HTaTb n e H H H „Hej4ejiH" H npyr-HX nepeMHcneHHbix Bbiiue H3Jj;aHHH. HMen B CBoeM pacnopnxceHHH KpynHue cpen-C T B a [ n p n y B e j i H^HBaHHe?] , O H He c T e c H H J i c H B pacxoflax 1 1 9 H X O T H n p H J j e p x c H B a j i c H B e r e T a p H a H C K o r o C T O J i a , HO C T O J I 3 T O T O6XOJJHJICH eMy He jjemeBo. Ha STO MU oflHaKOr-xc He ocoSeHHo CHJIBHO ynnpajin, HO 3a TO nocTOHHHO yKa3UBajiH e M y Ha o6HJiHe HMeBiunxcH y Hero coBepnieHHO H e HyxcHux H jioporax Bemeft Bpone: K H H x e a n o B , p e B O J i B B e p o B , rpynu nopororo n n a T B H , oflexcnu, K O B P O B H T.JJ,., pa3Hux BeiiieH H 3 6naropon-H U X MeTajuiOB H npoiee. nocjie T S K H X cTu^ieK c T S K I I M H yKaaaHHHMH, neTp BacmiBeBnq B OJIHO npeKpacHoe BpeMH B 3 H J I na ^acTBio p e a j i H 3 H p o B a J T , - - H O 3a 6eciieHOK— 60JIBUIHHCTB0 C B O H X Bemen, a tiacTBio pa3nan napoM pa3HUM npnxjieeaTejiHM [napMoeriaM] . nocnenHHM O 6 C T O -HTextBCTBOM MU Bee SujiH nopaxceHH H B03MyiHeHU flO nocnenHen CTeneHH. (TaM xce, CTp. 2 0 8 - 2 0 9 . ) 3TOT 06pa3 X C H 3 H H , neTp BacHJiBeBHa npOHBJIHJl B 06nopcKe nocne CBoero 3HaKOMCTBa c T O J I C T U M JIHIUB no HacnuniKe, T.e. nepexi; TeM BpeMeHeM B K O T O P O M OH nojiy^HJi xjBa JTHMHUX nHCBMa O T JI. H. T o J i d o r o . Ho H. P. HecoMHeHHO n p o n p j i x c a j r CBoe 3 H 3 K O M C T B O c BepHTHHUM nocjie ero n o n y q e H H H n e p B o r o n H C B M a O T T O J I C T O T O 2 1 HOH6PH 1 8 9 5 r . H. P. nnuieT CBoe 3aKJiio*ieHHe: MHe ociaeTCfl CKa3aTB eme TOJIBKO H e c K O J T B K O CJIOB o T O M , KaKHM o6pa30M neTp BacenBeBHq C T a n noKjiOH-H H K O M T O J I C T O T O . TaK KaK MHoroe H 3 Toro n o MHe npHxoflHJioc& cjiuiiiaTB no 3TOMy noBoxty O T neTpa Bacn-jiBeBH^a, y j i e T y^HJiocB yxce H 3 Moeft naMHTH,—H 6OK>CB B i e M HH6yrj,B npoBpaTBCH H orpaHH^ H B a i o c B no 3 T O M y C a M U M H OrpaHH^eHHHMH M e C T a M H . neTp BaCHJIBeBHM roBopHJi MHe, n o M e x c n y TeM p e j i H T H 0 3 H U M B 0 3 3 p e H H e M , KOToporo flyxoSopnu npHjiepxcHBanHCB no caMoro nocnen-Hero ( T . e . , B O 1 8 9 5 rona) BpeMeHH H yqeHHeM J l B B a HHKOJiaeBH'qa ToncToro 6uno oieHB HeMHoro O6HJ,HX To^eK conpHKocHOBeHHH. Ho B O BpeMH CBoero nepee3xia H 3 UleHKypcKa B OSnopcK (3HMOH 1 8 9 4 - 5 r . ) , — neTp Bacn-JiBeBHH no3HaKOMHJicH c np y r o M J IBBa H H K O n a e B H i a ((:crn.H. BHPWKOBUM) B ByTUpCKOH nepecBUiBHOK TiopBMe, K y j J t a nocneflHHH npHxoxxHn cneiinanBHO 3a TeM, no6u yBHnaTB neTpa BacnnBeBHia H noroBopnTB c HHM. H TaKxce He Mory CK33aTB TenepB HaBepHoe, 6HJTO JTH y HHX OflHO TOJTBKO C B H f l a H H e HJTH OHH BHJjeJTHCB HeCKOJTBKO pa3. [HeT, no cnoBaM EnpiOKOBa, O H HH pa3y He y B H n e n BepnrHHa B T i o p B M e , TaK KaK B S T O T caMUH Beiep, nepejj, CBHflaHHeM, BepHTHH OTnpaBHJicH 3TanoM B C H 6 H P B . 120 T O J I C T O H c EHPIOKOBBIM y B H n e j i H C B c TpeMH .iiyxoSopiiaMH, --c BacHJineM B a c H j i B S B H M e M 6paTOM B e p u r H H a , c B a c H -J i H e M raBpHJiOBH^ieM BepemarHHbiM H c BacHJineM H B a H O -BHieM 06i>eflKOBhiM--He B TiopBMe a B rocTHHHiie. T O J I -C T O H Bpy^HJi TpeM xtyxo6opn,aM C B O S npoH3Berj;eHHe: „Li;apcTBO BojKHe B H y T p n Bac" HJIH nepenatiH neTpy Bacn-JiBeBHMy. 06Berj,KOB exaJi c HHM B C H 6 H P B B Ka^ecTBe n p o B O J K a T o r o H n e p e r i a n eMy 3 T y K H H r y . ] flocTOBepHO 3 H a i o T O J I B K O T O , n o c S T H X n o p , no CJIOBaM caMoro MOJiojioro flyxoSopqecKoro BOXCHH, O H C T a J i n p n c T a j i B H O 3 H 3 K O M H T B C H C MHPOB03 3peHHeM J l B B a HHKOJiaeBH^a, K O T O p o e O H H ycBOHJi ce6e cqeHB SbicTpo, oieHb npa-BHJIBHO, O i e H b nOJIHO H K O T O p O T O CTaJI npHHepXCHBaTBCH o^eHB nocJiexiiOBaTeJiBHO. [H. P. nan S T H 6Horpa<J>HMe-C K H e coo6m,eHHH BjiaflHMHpy BoHM-BpyeBHqy, „ I l n c b M a " , C T p . 201.] (TaM see, C T P . 209-210.) BnorpacSiHiecKHe 3aMeiaHH3 B 3 a n n c H X rpnropHH BepnrHHa H B. A. CyxopeBa, xapaKTepH3ywmHe neTpa B a c H J i B e B H ^ a , ^acTHMHO 6buiH npericTaBJieHbi Ha H a n i n x H a q a x i B H b i x H n o c n e n o B a T e j i B H b i x cTpaHHiiax. Bee 6Horpac|)fai c^HTaJiH Bepnr-HHa pyKOBonHTeneM xiyxoSopiieB 60JIBI110H n a p T H H . O H 6bin HMH H36paH H noTOMy O H CaM CVHTaJI C B O H M flOJirOM HaHTH BblXOJJ, C B O H M nOCJiejlOBaTeJIHM H3 T p y f l H o r o H H e B b i H O C H M o C T p a H H o r o n o n o s c e H H H . H a x o n n c b B c c b u i K e , TOJIBKO n H C b M a JjaBaJIH e M y B 0 3 M O » H O C T b H C n O J I H H T B CBOH p y K O B O -flHTeJiBCKHH n o n r , H a n p H M e p (B 18-M n n c B M e KO „ B c e M S p a T b H M H c e c T p H i i a M " B p a c c e j i e H H H ) : 91 CHJibHo oneianeH, I T O paccTpoHJin Bamy X O S H H C T -BeHHyio M 3 H B , HO panyiocB, n o Bbi Sonpbi H B e c e j T b i r i y x o M . . . B ra3eTax 6buio n n c a H O , n o Bac pacce-JIHJIH n o H B a n o T P H B KaxcnoM a y n e , HO 3 T O H H i e r o ; Bee BenB JUO,H.H—6paTBH, Bee oriHoro Eora-OTiia flera; CTapaHTecB sacJiyKHTB JHO6OBB B OKpyxcaioiueH Bac c p e n e . . . E C J I H Mbi eyneM jiio6HTb, T O H c a M H SyneM Jiio6HMbi 3 T O 3 3 K O H n p H p O H b l , 3 3 K O H Bora, TOJIbKO H a n O nK)6HTb H C K p e H H O , xiyiiieBHO, a n e H a p y x t H O . . . ( C T p . 54-55.) neTp BacHJibeBHM npertJiaraji, C K o p e e n p e n n H C b i B a j i — q e p e 3 n n c B M a , T a K y i o JIIO6OBB, K O T o p a n y c T p a H H J i a 6bi p a c n s M O T leJiOBe-wecKoro oSniecTBa. B 1 9 - M nncbMe, H 3 06flopcKa 8 HHBapn 1 8 roxia, O H n H i u e T K T O J I C T O B I I V E B r e H H K ) HBaHOBHwy IlonoBy: Jj;o6pbiH 6paT EBreHHH H B H H O B H M . . . npouiy T G 6 H , ecjiH H a f t x i i e i i i b B O S M O K H O C T B , co6epHCB H n o e 3 x c a i i K MOHM SpaTBKM H a KaBKa3 . . . H n o w e M y - T O x(yMaio, n o BBI 6buiH 6BI floporHM wextoBeKOM, XCHBH B cpexte H a n i H X H a KaBKa3e . . . O T M S H H 6BI BBI HMeJiH nopyweHHe: coBe-ToBaTB TaM BceM, KTO 3 H a e T M e H H , — M T O S H O H H H e cepxtHxtHCB H H e p o n T a x i H H a n p a B H T e x i B C T B O , n o O H O H X n p H T e c H H e T . . . BextB X O T B npnnoMHHTB T O : X P H C T O C , a noTOM H anocTOJiH n o nepeTepnejiH 3a H C T H H y ? BaxcHo T O : n o 6e3 ponoTa nepoHocHTB yKO-p H 3 H y 3a H C T H H y . Ho BaxcHee H T O : n o 6 a X O T H H c T p a f l a T B , T O Haflo 3 a H C T H H y . A n o T O M y H H nyMaio, n o BBI SbuiH 6bi noxie3Hbi TaM. — npexiJiaraio: nocoBeTyn-Tecb c xteflyuiKOH JIbBOM HHKOJiaeBHweM. KpoMe T o r o , npouiy Te6n, noe3xcan HapowHO K HeMy H nepextaJi O T MeHH XiyilieBHblH HCKpeHHHH npHBeT. . . MHe KasceTCH n o Mbi 6paTbH X O T B MOXCeT H e C T b HeCXOflCTBa, H O 3 T O XIOJIXCHO BejIB CTJiaXCHBaTBCH. Ewe Sbijio y M e H H MHeHHe, xjoporon EBreHHH HBaHOBHW, WTOSbl H 3 H T H XyflOXCHHKa H HanHcaTB K a p T H H y , — X O T B B MocKBe, HJIH 3 a r p a H H i i e f i . KapTHHa xiojixcHa npejxcTaB-J I H T B T O : B b i B O f l H T HByx HJIH Tpex wenoBeK, BOopyxceHHbie j i i o x t H , H nperiJiaraioT p y x c b H , WToSbi oSywaTbcn npneMaM. Te O T K a 3 b i B a i o T C H H T O B O P H T , n o O H H He MoryT K T O M y , KOTopoe B e x i e T K HexopomeMy xtexty. 3acTaBJiai3mHe 6BIOT HecorjiauiaioiqHXCH; BbiBcnHT B xtpyron p a 3 , - - T O T xce p e 3 y j i B T a T . B T p e T H H p a 3 H X yxce p a c c T p e J i H B a i o T 3 a T O , n o O H H He c o r j i a c H J i H C B CTpeJiHTB j n o x t e H . K a K BHflHTe, B 3TOH $aHTa3HH n p o r j i n x i b i B a e T TaKxee ponoT H J I H CTponTHB 3 3 M b l C J I b , . Ho H flyMaiO, W T O 6bIJIO 6bl y M e c T H O , noTOMy WTO B o n p o c TaK H n o c T a s j i e H na/j HauiHMH ,6paTBHMH Ha KaBKaae. Hx n p H 3 b i B a i o T K p y x c b i o , O H H O T K a 3 b I B a i O T C H . H B O C 0 6 e H H O C T H H e o 6 b I K H O B e H H O TeM, WTO npecjiexiyioT iieJiBHbie T U C H W H JiioxieH. . . H coBeTyw Te6e H T T H K HauiHM K a K 6bi paSowuM, RJIH. T o r o , .npporoH EBreHHH H B S H O B H I , H H a w e T a M , H x i y M a i o , He n 0 3 B O J I H T X C H T b . A H a t U H B a c y 3 H a K)T K a K 6bl T O HH Sbijio. OTTyjja 6yneTe nncaTb HaM. MOXCHO X O T B H a HHKOJiaH TpocfJHMOBHwa [H3K)MweHKo] . H x t y M a i o H a ero K o p p e c n o H x i e H i i H K ) T o x c e C K O P O HaxioxcaT KOHTPOJIB. . . . ( C T P . 5 6 - 5 9 . ) H TaK, X O T H neTp BacHJibeBHW He Sbiji npHcyrcTByiowHM p y K O B O J J H T e j i e M n.yxo6opqecKoro o6mecTBa B 3aKaBKa3BH, OH Bce-T S K H , nOCpeflCTBOM n H C e M , B C y H I H O C T H 6bIJI H X B O K f l e M H HanpaBJIHJI H cJiextHJi 3a x b f l O M J4yxo6opq:ecKoro jxBHxeeHHH. OH TaK»ce nncan MHoro nnceM npyroMy ToncTOBiiy,— HHKOJiaio Tpo$HMOBH*iy H3WMieHKO KOTOPHH, OT6BIBaH BOHHCKyK nOBHHHOCTB , „3a HeHCnOJIHeHHe npHKaaaHHH poTHoro KOMaHflupa He ^HTaTt K H H T " , 6un npHroBopeH K 5 0 - T H ynapaM po30iP. Y3HaB 06 S T O M npnroBope O H y6excan H3 noxiKa. ^epe3 HeKOTopoe BpeMH, no coBeTy C B O H X npy3eH, OH B H O B B BepHyjicfl B nonK, oTnan p y x c B e H OTKa3axtcH O T BoeHHOH cny»6bi. Ero apecTOBann H nocannnH Ha 1 5 MecniieB B ceKpeTHyio KaMepy. OTCHneBiiiH S T O T C P O K , OH Sun npncyxcneH H a H B a rona flHcuHiTJiHHapHoro SaiajibOHa. nocne S T O T O no j i H M H O M y npHKa3aHHio AneKcaHnpa I I I , O H 6un BUcnaH H a T P H rona B To6onBCKyK> rySep-HHK), HO 3TH TPH rOHa flJIHJIHCB MHOTHe JieTa. H3 CCHJ1KH , X O T H non. c T p o r H M Harj;3opoM, eMy ynanocB nony^ H T B HecKonBKO n n c e M O T BepHTHHa H oTBeTHTB eMy Ha HHX. TaM OH Tosce Hanncan K H H r y : „}KH3HB H CMepTB EBflOKHMa HHKHTHHa flpOMCHCHHa" CllHCBMa" CTp. 34). H3 nxiHHHoro 1 7 - r o nncBMa neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a K HHKonaio Tpoc^HMOBHqy H3joMHeHKO,MMUnflenaeMKKp.aTKywrBunHGKy: IIocjieflHee BpeMH Ha KaBKa3e, B cpene nauiHX SpaTBeB, B 0 3 6 y f l H n o c B j j B H x e e H H H . T n a B H U M o c H O B a H H e M cnyxtHT TO,. n o 6 u H e y q a c T B O B a T B B O B p e j j H u x nenax moneH, npn cymecTByiomeM coBpeMeHHOM nopnnKe, a noTOM BupaSaTUBaTB H C T H H H U X , nO B03M05KHOCTH, XpHCTHaH. H Xtep»CyCB TaKOrO Mx(eBH3a": ..npexcne, ieM I I P H H O C H T B nonB3y, H e Hano nenaTB B p e j j a " , a TaKace, ..npexcne i e M noMoraTB, He HyscHO oSnpaTB" , H TaK jjanee... vnoMHHaeMoe B ra3eTax, n o HauiH MHoro noMorjiH pyccKOH apMHH B npoimiyio B O H H y 123 [c TypiineH 1878 r . ] , STO 6HJIO B rteHCTBHTejiBHOCTH. Ho STO 6HJIO caMoe Mep3Koe neHHHe H 3 6HTa HaniHX, KaK XpHCTHaH [npH JlyKepBH KajIMHKOBOH, pyKOBOHHTeJIBHHIle nyxo6opiieB ] . YwacTBOBaTB B Her (o6poM xtejre, XOTH H KocBeHHO, Bee paBHo He xopoiiio. IIOHBO3H cyxapn B npoiujiyio BOHHy, HaniH Bee paBHo ywacTBOBajiH B Hen. CTapHKH HJIH j j e H C T B y w n i H e JiHiia [ i . e . , ynpaBHTejiBHHiia J l y K e p B H co C T a p u i H H S M H ] B TO BpeMH CMOTpenH Ha STO COBCeM CHHCXOflHTeJIBHO, OSbHCHHH OT WaCTH TeM, WTO Bee paBHo HejiB3H HBHO HcnoBex(biBaTB yweHHe XpncTa.. MBI cefiwac npoTecTyeM npOTHB TaKoro B033peHHH H roBopHM, WTO STO BbifijjeT JiHiieMepne, a no BO3MOXCHOCTH , HaflO rtepacaTBCH CJiOBa Ha xtejie, TO ecTB npHBoriHTB B »CH3HB TO, WTO wejiOBeK HyMaeT H roBopHT. Corjia-maTBCH Ha pee T p e 6 o B a H H H „KecapeBCKOH" opraHH3 an,HH 3HawHT y w a c T B O B a T B B HX nejiax, a xiejia, MH BHJJHM, H X He XOPOLUH. fleHBrH Mbi CWHTaeM 0 6 H 3 a H H b I M H ce6n OTjjaBaTB HM, cKOJibKo 6H OHH He noTpe6oBajiH , noTOMy WTO S T H 3HaWKH HMH BblflyMaHHbie . XopOUIO 6 H OBIJIO He npHCTpauiaTbCH K HHM, TO ecTb K fleHBraM-TO, Torxta 6 H H O T S T O H OTJJaWH Mbi CWHTaJIH 6bl C e 6 H CBoSOJJHblMH . Tenepb ace Hario corjiamaTbCH c H3peweHHeM: „OT,naHTe KecapeBO Keeapio, a Boacee Bory" [EB. MaT$, 22:21], TO ecTB a c H T B H nocTynaTB Hajjo TaK, K a K npH3HBaeT rocnoflb. (CTP. 40-41.) Mbi BOCnpOH3BOflHM H3 S T O T O 17 - T O nHCBMa Te WaCTHIIbl, B KOTOPHX BepHTHH C T a p a e T C H yCTaHOBHTB npHHIIHlTbl C O B p e M e H H O T O AeHCTBeHHoro rtyxoSopwecKoro nBHaceHHH. He TOJIBKO T O B O P H T B : „rocnojj;H, rocnoflH H He HcnojiHHTB ero BOJUO Ha flejie". B TaKOM nyxe OH j j a j i B i u e n H i u e T : TJiaBHbie O C H O B b I p e J I H r H 0 3 HBIX HJIH, TaK CKa33TB, aCH3HeHHblX B033peHHH HailieH 06I1IHHH 3aKJIK)Wai0TCH B cjienyioineM: „JIK>6HTB Tocnojja Bora BceM cepxoieM CBOHM H Bceio xtymeio cBoeio, H JIMGHTB 6jiHacHero C B o e r o , KaK caMoro c e 6 H " . Bora ace Mbi n p e r i C T a B j i n e M , WTO OH ecTB JIK)6OBB, c noMOfflbK) KOToporo flepacHTCH Bee cyme-C T B y i o i i i e e . 3JIO pa3pyuiaeT, JHOBOBB c o 3 H f l a e T . JIK)6H SjinacHero, MH ocyuiecTBJiHeM JHO6OBB K Bory. MH pa3y-MeeM, WTO wejiOBeK, ycBaHBan JIIOSOBB, npnodpeTaeT Bora B cepxaie CBoeM. OTOOJja BHBOJJHTCH B3 rjiHxtH H a Bee O K p y a c a i o u i e e , Ha BOO a c H 3 H B : cocTpaxiaTeJiBHOH, n O K p O B H T e J I B C T B e H H O H , JH06OBHOH . B WaCTHOCTH MH CTapaeMCH H 3 6eraTB pa3pymaTB acH3 HB, rxte, BHBHM OHa 124 ecTb, — a OHa Be3Jje ecTb, — B ocoSeHHOCTH jrauiaTB HCH3HH weJiOBeKa. WejiOBeK ecTB xpaM HJIH B o r a scHBoro, H pa3pyniaTB e r o Hexopomo. Mbi Ha3HBajiHCB „flyxo6op-iiaMH". CJIOBO flyxo6opeii Haxto noHHMaTB, WTO MH B „,nyxe H rryraeH HcnoBexiyeM B o r a . JJyxoM CBHTHM 6opeMCH npoTHB njioTCKHx HeMomeH H r p e x a " . IIoMHHTe BCTpewy XpHCTa C CaMapHHKOH, WTO H C T H H H H e nOKJIOH-H H K H nOKJIOHHIOTCH OTliy flyxy B HCTHHe. A MOXCHO CKa3aTB 6e3 npncTpacTHH, WTO B Hauinx coxpaHHJiocB M H o r o n f l e B C T B e H H o r o " , K a K 3 a B e u i a j i X P H C T O C , TO e c T B WHCTOTa E r o y w e H H H . BoacecTBOM y H a c ecTB H C T H H a , KOTopyio, KOHewHo, HejiB3H cxtejiaTB HJIH BHrteTB opraHH-wecKHMH rJia3aMH, a TOJIBKO JXVIIIOK). H He HHawe, Haxto 6HTB, jjejiaTBCH ,no6pHM, Torxia TOJIBKO MOJKHO BHjjeTB B o r a , KOToporo MH HcnoBertyeM. flaxce TSKHe non;po6-HOCTH H3peweHHfi: „HanHiiiHTe B cepruiax, B03BecTHie BO H3HH.ax", y Hac coSJiiojjeHH. y Hac HHwerooHeTT nncaHHoro BemecTBeHHO, a Bee MHPOBO33peHHe nepe-flaeTCH ycTHO H3 porta B P O J J . — C o o n p a H C B BriB.eeMfyi,, . BTppeMM HJIH 6ojiee, MH npeflCTaBJiHeM iiepKOBB Xpnc-T O B y . ECJIH 6H n p n i u j i o c B H O f l H O M y rrte JIH 60 6HTB, wejiOBeK ocTasTCH yBepeHHHM, WTO H ero noceTHJi TocnortB E o r , K a K JIHWHO EMy npeHaflJiescaiiiHH xpaM. Ha 3 T o r o B H T e K a e T TO, WTO MH C BoroM H H K o r / j a H e MosceM 6HTB pa3benHHeHH.—npn npowTeHHH 3Toro n n c B M a npouiy npowecTB B EBaHrejiHH 4, 5, 6, rJiaBH nocjiaHne K KopHH(J)HHaM IJaBJia. JlK)X(H »Ce CO CTOPOHH J_iyMaK)T O Hac HHawe. Ho H a m a 6paHB He npoTHB KPOBH H njioTH. 6 rjiaBa K EOecHHaM naBJia we. (CTP. 41-43.) nperiHflymaH iiHTaTa nperiCTaBJiHeTCH 3 r t e c B MajieHBKOH wacTHLieH H3 njiHHHoro iiHCBMa BepnrHHa K HHKOJiaio Tpo<|>HMOBHwy H3K)MweHKO. Ho ee BaacHOCTB COCTOHT B TOM, WTO OHa BO MHOTOM HcwepnHBaeT rjiaBHHe CHMBOJTH B e p n , KOTopue IleTp BacHJiBeBHW BHp'a.6oTaJi BJIH ce6n H T e n e p B peuiaeT npeflJioacHTB H X HJIH ncnoBe-xtaHHH He TOJIBKO CBOHM nocjiertoBaTejiHM xtyxo6opiiaM, HO H npyrHM npy3BHM BKJiiowaH H3K)MweHKO. flpyran ee BaxcHOCTB 3aKJiiowaeTCH B TOM, WTO B HCnOBeflaHHH 3THX CHMBOJIOB BepH, IleTp BaCHJIBeBHW HaxoflHT ce6e T B e p r r y i o onopy B noyweHHHX XpncTa, KOTopne BO-nepBHx 6HJIH nepejjaHH ycTHO H JIHWHO caMHM XPHCTOM, HO> 125 p a 3 y M e e T C H , OHH coxpaHHJiHCB no H a m e r o B p e M e H H n n n i B n n c B M e H H O — O H H 6HDIH HanncaHU eBaHrexiHCTaMH H anocTOJiaMH B C K o p e nocjie Ero KpeCTHOH CMepTH. I l O S T O M y , XOTH I l e T p BaCHJIBeBHM H r O B O p H T , I T O „ y H a c [nyxoSopneB] HHiero HeT nncaHHoro BemecTBeHHo, a B e e MHpoB033peHHH n e p e n a i o T C H y c T H O [ a y c T H o e , rj,yxo6opn,bi Ha3biBaK>T „XHBOTHOH KHHTOH"] H3 p o n a B pofl", Bee see STH y c T H b i e n e p e n a ^ H HJIH TOJiKOBaHHH 6BIJIH no6yxc,neHbi nHCBMeHHbiMH opnrHHa-jiaMH ycTHBix noy^eHHH X p H C T a . K a K nperjjjHymHe n.yxo6opq:ecKHe pyKOBOxtHTejiH, T a K H neTp BacHJi&eBHq;, B CBOHX ycTHBix H nncB-MeHHBIX n e p e n a ^ a x , ccbiJiaJicH H a IIHcBMeHHBie o p H r H H a j t B i noyqeHHft Hncyca X p n c T a . OH 3Haji HaH3ycTB noiTH Bee E B a H r e n n e . B STOH qacTH^Ke 17- ro nHCBMa neTp BacHJiBeBHa iiHTHpyeT H3 caMbix OCHOB-HBIX noyqeHHH X p n c T a H anocTonoB, B3HTbix nocjienoBaTenBHO H3: 1. E B . OT M a T$ea, r x i . 22, C T . 21. 2. " " " " " C T . 22, 39. 3. 1 -e nocji. H o a H H a TJI. 4, C T . 7, 8, 12, 1.6. 4. E B . OT H o a H H a T J I . 4, C T . 23 H 24. 5. nocji. n a B J i a K E B p e H M T J I . 8, CT . 1.0. 6. E B . OT MaT$en TJI. 18, C T . 20. 7. 2 -e nocji. n a B J i a K KopHH<J)HHaM r j i a B b i 4, 5, 6. 8. nocji. naBJia K E$ecHHaM r j i . 6 H L I U . . B STOM, 17-M nHCBMe Toxce 3aMeqaTeJiBHbi B3rjiHjj;u neTpa BacHJiBe-BHia Ha He3JJopoBbie H noTOMy HeHpaBCTBeHHBie (HerHrneHH^Hbie H noTOMy 6e3HpaBCTBeHHbie) ynoTpe6JieHHH nnmn, ITHTHH H Boo6me Bcex BperjHtix npHBBraeK. B e r e T a p n a H C T B o „nocTHHHecKOH" n a p T H H ,n.yxo6opiieB BO3HHKJTO, HecoMHeHHo, n o npenjioaceHHio neTpa Bacn-JibeBHqa. Ero cpHnoco$cKHe BHBOHH 6HJIH HanpaBneHBi K yMeHBiueHHio n o T p e B H O C T e H H K STHiecKOMy OTHouieHHio KO BceM B o n p o c a M . nepe-naBan coBeTbi CBOHM S p a T B H M , eme B KOHiie 1893 r o n a , * i e p e 3 126 BepHyBiiiHxcfl OT Hero T P O H X iryxo6opiieB, OH y n o M H H a e T o TOM, WTO HeT B flyxo6opwecKOM yweHHH, ria H Ha nexte He iiaBajiocB, WTO6BI 6paK, p o a t J i e H H e HJIH cMepTB conpoBoatxtajiHCB IIBHHCTBOM H oSwopcTBOM, KaK STO i i e J i a e T C H TenepB H 3a HeBecTy WTO6BI BbiKyn n j i a T H J i H , K a K 3 a C K O T H H y K a K y i o . flajiee OH ynoMHHaeT o TOM, WTO KaK p a 3 c o B n a x t a e T c TeM, WTO OH nHcaJi H. T. H3K)MweHKo H3 06flopcKa ewe 14 jjeKaSpn 1895 r . B 16-M n H C B M e , HMeHHo: OKOJIO Tpex J i e T ecTB BpeMeHH, KaK H He ynoTpe6JiHK> coBceM MHca, H e nBio B H H a , H He K y p i o Ta6aKy, H CKaaty BaM H C K p e H H O , flOporOH HHKOJiaH T p O $ H M O B H W , B O MHe n p o H 3 0 i i i J i a 6ojibiiiaH nepeMeHa... JJajiee BepnrHH npojiojiacaeT: P a H B i u e H 6BIJI HHCTHHKTHBHO K p O B O a t a J j e H ; HaflO 6BIJTO ecTB, a npeagie w e k ecTB, Haxto y6HTB, JIHUIHTB »CH3HH. TenepB see, KaK 3Toro HeT B $ a K T H w e c K O H n o T p e S H O C T H , e c T e c T B e H H O H p a B o x j i a j j e B a e T H JjeJiaeTCH M a r i e . BHHO ate H T a S a K BJIHHIOT K a K w p e 3 M e p H o e n m a H H e . 3 T o r o Bcero H H36eraio, a cjiejjOBaTejiBHO H ocBo6oaciiaio ce6n OT 6ecnojie3Horo Tpyna, TO e c T B 6OPB6BI C njiOTBK), KaK MBI npHBBiKJiH B B i p a a c a T B C H . . . XOTH H H C K a 3 a j i , WTO npH JJVXOBHOM C O B e p m e H C T B O B a H H H HeObXOJJHMBI C n y T H H K H , —nojie3HBIH T p y j j H B03flepataHHe. (CTP. 39.) Ero jjajiee B03MymaeT, WTO . . . n o w T H Bee jj;yxo6opiiBi, cTapBie H MOJioxcbie, Myac-WHHBI H ateHuiHHbi H naate flera, — K y p H T ; He oweHB STO nojie3HO JJJIH r t y u i H , a JJJIH T e j i a H coBceM BpejjHo . . . Bee jjyxo6opiibi e j j H T MHCO H pbi6y. A WTO6BI e c T B MHCO H pbi6y, H y a t H o y6nTb a t H B o e cymecTBO,—JIHUIHTB e r o atH3HH, a atHBOTHOMy ero atH3HB iippora, KaK H w e J i o B e K y CBOH. (CTP. 38-39.) ConocT.aBJiHH 3TH BBinkcKk H3 nkceM BepnriHHaV HaM 6yjjeT 6pjiee n o H H T H o , r i o n y c T H M , n o w e M y o6pa30BajiacB „ n o c T H H w e c K a H napTHH", TO ecTB Ta n o J i O B H H a jj.yxo6opiieB, K O T o p a a BBijjejiHJiacB 127 H3 60JIBHI0H napTHH H peuinna CTporo HcnojiHHTfc Bee 3TH coBera C B o e r o p y K O B O f l H T e j i H . 3TO pemeHne o 6 p a 3 0 B a n o c B HecoMHeHHO non. H e n o c p e f l C T B e H H H M BJIHHHH6M n e T p a B. B e p u r H H a . n e T p BacHJTBeBHq: c ^ H T a n HHKonan T p o i J i H M O B H^a H 3 K M i e H K O 3a 6nH3Koro xipyra H npHHTenn no nyxy. O'H Hanncan eMy He MeHee ceMH AJIKHHUX nnceM. OnncbiBaTB HX coriepxaHHe H 3Ha^eHHe He 6yneT B npeflexiax Hamero orpaHH^eHHoro Tpyna. AOBOJIBHO H H T e p e c H O SyneT ciaeJiaTb JIHIUB 2-3 BbinncKH H 3 ero H B y x n n c e M , — H3 20-ro H 2 8 - r o — K H3K)MqeHKO, B KOTOPHX OH nposBJiaeT, no c T e n e H H TOHKHH, HO x a p a K T e p H o BSPHTHHCKHH KJMOP, H a n p H M e p noSyacneHHHH pa3HomacHHMH H e c o r j i a c o B a H H b i x IIOH3THH O TOM, n o HyacHo npHHHMaTB H ITO O T p H i i a T B H noieMy. TaK B 28-M nncBMe OH nnmeT o nncaTennx KHHT „n.JiH HHTennnreHTHbix iHTaTejien": 3HaeTe, B STOM CMbicne e c T B rjaace H e o o n B u i o f t a H e K -flOTHK, I T O B coBepmeHHOM ,,HHTennnreHTHOM oSmecTBe" — K p y r y HX—HeJib3H BbipaacaTbCH, n o ^IHHOBHHK y K p a n Ka3eHHbie fleHbra, a „p a c T p a T H n". noTOMy, CJIOBO MyKpan" CHJibHO pesceT „TOHKHH HHTennHreHTHbift" o n y x , HO TOJIBKO c j i y x , a H e n e f t c T B H e . . . . HanpHMep, B3HTB nonTopbi-nByx Konee^Hbie SpouiiopKH o COKpaTe, flnoreHe, BnHKTeTe H BOo6we B STOM c M b i c n e H KHHXCKH n p e f l H a 3 H a q:eHHbie HJIH „HHTeJiJiHreHTHbix" i H T a i e j i e H , — SoJibinaH p a 3 H H i i a . . . H MHTan KannTaJibHoe—10 pySne-Boe—cOTHHeHne „Oappapa", o XpncTe, H, KoHe^Ho He n o j i y q a e T C H , n o BHHOCHTCH H3 EBaHrenHH. . . TaK H 3jj;ecB B nonTopbi-nsyx Konee^Hbix 6ponuopKax 6onee BbiHocHTCH HpaBcTBeHHoro Ha3Hrj,aHHK, noTOMy n o HCTHHa BbipaataeTcn n p o d o H npaBnHBo. ( C T P . 75-76.) TyT OH o c y a c f l a e T c n o a t H O C T B , TaK KaK, Mepe3 STO H H o r f l a n p o n c -xonHT TO, n o KaK 6H B3HTB y,no6Hoe Kpecjio H pasoSpaTB ero c j i o x t H O C T b , B pesyjibTaTe OKa3anocB 6bi TO, n o He Ha ieM n p n c e c i b . BaM, B e p o H T H O , H 3 B e c T e H a H e K f l O T o n y i n K H H e : H a 128 O J J H O M 3H C I T H O M SaJiy, B ITeTep6ypre, o6paTHJiHCB K HeMy xiBa o$Hiiepa ..iunopHHKH11, 3anort03peB B HeM nTHiiy He H X H e r o nojieTa, npHHHB e r o 3 a c e j i B C K o r o ywHTejiHumy, n o e r o K O C T i o M y . X O 3 H H H O M >Ke Sajia, O H 6HJI n p H r j i a i u e H OCpHIIHaJTBHO. H B O T , K a B aJiepHCTbl, XteJiaH HCnblTaTB riyuiKHHa, o6pauiaiOTCH K HeMy c BonpocoM, Kan H M n p a -BHJiBHee no3BaTB c j i y r y : „ 3 H , lenoBeK, noriaH C T S K S H B O J J H ! " , HJIH „ 3 H , wejiOBeK, npHHecH CTanaH B O J J H ! ' 1 n y u i K H H o c T a H O B H J i C H n e p e i i . H H M H , C M e p r t B H X B S T J I H I I O M , 3aMeTHJi: „ 3 a w e M ,— B H MoaceTe npaBHJiBHee BHpa3HT&cH: , 3 H , wejiOBeK, T O H H H a c Ha B O / j o n o n ! ' " K C T a T H , H X O T e j I n O r O B O p H T B C T060H, H H K O J i a H T p O $ H M O B H W , O T H O C H T e j I B H O „BH" H „TH". l I p O H C X O a C I i e H H e „ B H " H He 3Haio. Ho MOJKHO nojiaraTB, W T O w e j i O B e K , K O T O P H H B H i r y M a J i „ B H " y B J i e w e H 6HJI 3T O H 3M O M H ce6n-jiiogHeM B K p y n H O H $opMe, TaK W T O , n o BceMy BepoHTHW, acejiaji B M e u i a T B B ce6e JiernoHH pa3JiHWHHX jnorieH. ( C T P . 7 6 . ) y MeHH 6HJI OJJHH 3HaKOMBlH „HHTeJIJIHreHTHHH" , H M H C H H M OflHaaCJJH 6HJIO paCCOpHJIHCB B OTpe3 . fleJIO B T O M , y H e r o 6HJia n p n c j i y r a , npeMHJian C T a p y u i K a A p x H n o B H a ; H B O T Korjja H 6HJI y Hero, Bcerjja 3jjopo-B a j i C H H c A p x n n o B H O H , n o x H M a H e f t , riaace K p e n K o p y K y , 6e3 pa3JiHWHH, X O T H 6H M H B C T p e w a j i H C B B 3ajie H n p n TOCTHX; ecjiH ace e n JJOJITO npHXOJJHJiocB He B H X O J J H T B B KOMH3TH, H n p O C T O O T n p a B J I H J I C H Ha KyXHK) H O C B e J J O -MJIHJ ICH o e e 6JiaronojiywHH. Erop H B a H O B H W — H M H 3 H a K O M o r o--saMewaeT MHe, W T O H K O M n p o M e T H p y i o e r o nepef l o S m e c T B O M , 3flopoBaHCB c e r o npHCJiyron, — H CTaBJUo e r o Ha poBHe c Hen! M H 3aroBapHBaeM c e p B e s H O 06 S T O M B o n p o c e . K o H w a e T C H TeM, W T O O H , B 3 K C T a 3 e , BHpaacaeTCH: „j\a 3HaeTe-JiH BBI T O , W T O W T O S H c p a B -H H T B C H C O MHOH MHe HyaCHO T3KHX y M O B THCHWy, KaK Hama A p H H a ! " — K a K BHiiHTe, y B J i e K a T e J i b H O . . . H n o c j i e 3Toro, e c j i n TaKoro wejioBeKa HasHBaTB „ T H " , K a K ace eMy He o S n a c a T B C H ? ( C T P . 7 6 - 7 7 . ) B 20-M n H C B M e n e T p B a c H J i B e B H W 3 a M e w a e T KOMOP B e r o npexiJioaceHHH B e r e T a p n a H C T B a HeKOTopbiM H3 „HHTeJiJiHreHTHHx" acHTejien 06rtopcKa: X a p a K T e p H O [ O H nHiueT] H a O J J H O M 3JjecB Bewepe y MeHH 6HJI pasroBop c O J J H H M n p e / j C T a B H T e J i e M , n o o6nopcKy, „iiH6yJiH3aLiHH". flOKa3HBan eMy cnpaBexi-J I H B O C T B B e r e T a p H H a c K H X B033peHHH, H e r o KaK 6H 1 2 9 o ^ a p o B a j i A O B o r i a M H ; co6ece,n.HHK MOH, n o c j i y u i a B , n p o -r o B o p H J i : „3TO-TO T a K , HO B e n b T o r x i a 3aHeM-xce cymecTByioT oneHH? " KaK BHr ieTe , neHCTBHTenbHO, xapaKTepHo. no flapBHHy, neHCTBHTenbHo, oneHH c y m e c T B y i o T x y i n Toro, no6bi c HHX c n n p a T b u i K y p y , MHCO e c T B HJTH, B e p H e e , x p a T B ; H 3 u i K y p UIHTB „rycH" [MOKacHHfai] , K a K MenoBeK, HJTH napoflHH Meno-BeKa j j e j i a e T . Ho Torna H riyMaio, noieMy 6bi H e nonpo6oBaTB H C ^ e J i o B e K a c o f l p a T B u i K y p y ? ABOCB 6BI H3 e r O KOSCH TOSCe, MO>KeT 6 b I T B „ q ; T O - J T H 6 o " BbJUDlO „nojre3Hoe", H Bxtpyr STO caMoe „ n o - n H 6 o " Bbmuio 6fcJ j i y q n i e 3 a M u i H . nperiCTaBTe ce6e, q e n o B e K nasce H B T a K O f t MejTO^H H TO HecnpaBeflJTHB: — HanpHMep, no flapBHHy, K a K H y n o M H H y n , OH c i H T a e T H ce6n JKHBOT-HBIM pa3BHBUJHMCH, a c r r p y r o f t »ce C T O P O H H — ( 6 o n e e B b i r o x t H O H x y i H ce6n)—BbiropaxcHBaeT AJIH ce6n „ n p H B H -JierHio". OH TOJIBKO MoxeT TecHHTB H y6HBaTb, ero }Ke HeT. nonOJKHM H C T U e TiapBHHHCTbl H e CTeCHHIOTCH H c qenoBeKa j i p a T b u i K y p y , TOJIBKO „ 6 n a r o p a 3 y M H b i M " o6pa30M, y H a c Ha KaBKa3e 6nn H e n a B H o pa36oftHHK K y n H-Seft:, OH q a c T O , HenoKopniomHXCH e r o Tpe6oBa-HHHM, p a c c T p e j i H B a J i H B e u i a n B r o p a x . ( C T p . 61.) CKasaBiiiH 3TO, OH B f l p y r n e p e M e H H e T TOH H jj,py»;ecTBeHHO o 6 p a m a e T C H K HsioM-qeHKo: floporoH KOJIH, x t a B a H CTOBOPHMCH H H a n H i u e M n p o u i e -H H e M H H H C T p y HJIH c a M O M y H M n e p a T o p y , - - n o K o p H y i o r o n o B y H e c e K y T , H e p y g H T , — M T O 6 B I H a c nocej iHJ iH, rue pacTeT xne6 H Boo6me m e npHpona no6ora^e p a C T H T e j I B H O C T B K ) . Mbi T a M 6bl 3a»CHJIH C M H P H O H Tpy,IIC— BOH M 3 H B W . n p a B O , M H e ^ a c T O flyMaeTCH, ueyyaesm H a AjiTae HJIH B MHHycHHCKe H e T T a K H X xce moneft B p e x t H b i x , K a K Mbi? A BenB n o 3 B o n H i o T xce HM >KHTB T a M , a H a c 3anpoBonHnH B K a K y i o — T O K p a H H O c T B . H a n p H M e p , H ypoxceHen, caMoro KpaftHero lora,—oTHocHTenBHo X O T H , — H Bxjpyr H a caMbiH ceBep. Heyxcenn H, BbipomeHHUH B B H H O r p a f l H b l X p O I H a X , flOJDKeH C K H T a T b C H npOMUIUJIHTb 6ejioro Mer iBenH. XOTH S n H K T e T H T O B O P H T , I T O „Mbi He nojixcHbi KejiaiB Toro, n o OT H a c H e 33BHCHT", HO B e j i B MM He Mynpeiiu. floporoft HHKonan TPO$HMOBH^, H a n H i i i H T e M H e , K a K B a i u e M H e H H e ? . . . ( C T p . 6 1 - 6 2 . ) 23 n n c B M O neTpa B a c H J i B e B H^a noKa3biBaeT, n o M H e H H e H3MMqeHKo (KOJIH) , no noBony c o B M e c T H o r o npomeHHH MHHHCTpy HJIH HMnepaTopy, 6bmo CHHcxoiiHTejibHo, HO OTpHiiaTenBHo. neTp 130 BacHJibeBH^: caM pemaeT, JTHMHO nncaTB npouieHHe, HO H e no noBony CBoero co6cTBeHHoro nonosceHHH, a no noBony HeBBiHocnMoro H CTpaxtHoro nonosceHHH , n y x o 6 o p i i e B Ha KaBKa3e H B pacceneHHH, H MHornx cKHTaioinHXCH no TWpBMaM H B CCUJIKaX Ha BOCTOMHHX Kpanx CH6HPH. OH p e m n n nncaTB ripoiiJeHH'e., HO He M H H H C T p y HJIH HMnepa-Topy, a HMnepaTpniie AneKcaHnpe OenopoBHe PoMaHOBOH. 06 STOM n p o m e H H H — B C K o p e , a Mexcny TeM o 6 p a T H M C H K npyrHM nHCBMaM. Bee nncBMa, — a H X 6bmo MHoro—Ileip BaeHJibeBHi nocbinaji CBOHM por(HTeJiHM H riyxo6opiJ,aM, KOTopbie 6binH B oSinecTBe, B ccHJiKax no CH6HPH, B jiHciiHnnHHapHbix 6aTanBOHax H B TiopBMax— OH nncaji, KaK npn3H a HHUH HMH pyKOBon,HTejiB, XOTH JIH^IHO B O T C y T C T B H H O T H H X , C IieJIBtO flaTB HM J j y X O B H O -HpaBCTBeHHOe nojjKpenneHHe B H X CTpanaHHHX—OTIHHOKHX, ceMeftHbix H o6mecT-B e H HBIX O T B C H K H X y r H e T S H H H H a J I O X e H H b l X H a H H X H a i a J I B C T B O M . 3Ta C H J i B H a a jiyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHaH nonjiepxcKa neTpa BacnjiBeBH^a nana ero SpaTBHM noBciony, C T O H K O C T B , MTO6H no KOHiia ocTa-B a T B C H BepHbiMH nyxo6opq:ecKOMy j j B H x e e H H K ) , H cnacjia H X OT H e H 3 -6e»HOH fl:eMopajiH3aiiHH, HO Tex nop n o K a He n p e n c T a B H J i c H BBIXOTJ, H 3 HecHOCHoro H cTpan.Horo nojioaceHHH. neTp BacHJiBeBHM, HaKOHen., pemaeT HafiTH STOT Bbixon.,— 6yflB OH BHyTpn HJIH BHe pyccKOH HMnepHH. MHorae H3 ero nnceM xi;oKa3BiBaioT ero p e u i H T e J i BHOCTB K nocTH»ceHHK> 3Toro BBixona: nHCBMa KO BceM nyxo6opiiaM noompHH H X K TepneJiHBOcTH c H a n e x c -J I O H H a BblXOfl; n H C B M O K B e J I H K O H n H M H O C T H (K HMnepaTpniie) c n p o c B 6 o H K B b i x o n y B H y T p n p y c c K o f i H M n e p H H ; n H C B M O K 6onee 131 3HaWHTeJlBHOH JIHWHOCTH (K TOJICTOMy) JJOdHBaHCb C O B e T a HJIH coBeuiaHHH no noBoiry B b i x o i i a H3BHeppyccKOKt HMnepHH. B KpaTiie npertCTaBHM S T H nHCBMa H H3 HHX BBirjejiHM r J i a B H b i e , OTHOCHIUHGCH K 3 T O M y fleJiy, BBinHCKH: a) 44 n n c B M O K c o c J i a H H B i M B C H S H P B , 20 $ e B p a J T H 1897 r . : Mnp B a M , MHJibie SpaTBH! TocnojiH nouiJiH B a M T-ep-neHHH H o c e H H Bac nonpoBOM n p e c B H T a n EoropoiiHiia. He newajiBTecB M H J i b i e i i p y 3 B H , WTO JJOJIOT n y T b , — jjajieKo TOJibKO c n a c e H H e OT rpeuiHHKa. TpyjjHbiH n y T b B e r i e T K BewHOH M 3 H H . r o c n o f l B Bor o6JierwHT Hame nojioaceHHe; nro Ero HOKaaceTena jierKHM H 6y , n e T 6jiaro. fla npHTOM MH nperrynpeaciieHbi CnacHTeJieM-XpncTOM, KOTopbifi c K a 3 a J i npeii anocTOJiaMH: „MeHH r H a j i H — 6 y i r y T m a T B H B a c " . MyacaHTecB H KpenHTecB: cKopo nocjie-jjyeT H36aBJieHHe X P H C T H 3 H OT roHeHHH. „He 6oHTecB y d H B a i o i a H X n j i O T B , n y u i H ate Bauien H e M o r y w H X K O C H y T B c n " . J J a , — H C T H H H H Bee H 3 p e w e H H H XpHCTOBbi! . . . Korxta BCMOTpHiiiBCH B OKpyacaioinyK) a c H 3 H B , TO wyBCTByeuiB ce6n, K a K BO CHe H BHJJHO iiapcTBHe Boacne 740 Tex nop H e BoiiBopHTCH Ha 3 a M J i e , n o K a MU coBepmeHHO He H3TOHHM r o p f l o c T B H3 cepjieii H a i u n x , noTOMy WTO CnacHTejiB TOBOPHT: „ u , a p c T B H e Boacne B H H T P H Bac:... [BHJJHO, WTO OH nepewHTaji „II ,apcTBo Boacne B H y T p n Bac", p y K o n n c B ToJiCToro] . (CTp. 111.) 6) 35 n n c B M O K poiiHTeJiHM, 2 c e H T H b p H 1896 r . : MHJibie H jjoporne cTapnweK H HHHioiiiKa! . . . npouiy rocnojja Bora o BatoeM CIIOKOHCTBHH . . . npouiy B a u i e r o p o x j H T e J i B C K o r o 6 J i a r o c J i O B e H H H H a n p e j j 6 y r i y i i i H e J i e T a MOeH XCH3HH. . . KjiaHHKDCB BceM 6paTiiaM H cecTpHiiaM. . . . H H a n n c a J i n n c B M O H M n e p a T p n i i e H nocjiaji yace [nHCBMo 33] . KonHio npncujiaio. Eme, B03Jiio6jieHHue 6 p a T i i b i H c e c T p H i i H , nperyiaraio H a B a m c o B e T , WTO6BI HaM Ha3BiBaTBCH c cero BpeMeHH M X P H C T U H H C K O H 06HIHHOH BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa". 3 B S H i i e „ x p H C T H a H C K a H o 6 w H H a B c e M H p H o r o 6 p a T C T B a " , 6yjjeT TOBOPHTB H C H e e 3a TO, WTO MU H a Bcex J i i o j j e H CMOTPHM, KaK H a 6 p a T B e B , no 3aBeTy rocnona Hncyca XpncTa. C cero BpeMeHH 6yjjeM H a 3 B i B a x B C H BO c J i a B y r o c n o j j a . H „ X p n c T n a H C K O H OOUIHHOH BceMHpHoro B p a T C T B a " . OnoBecTHTe B c e x SpaTBeB H cecTep... (CTP. 92) OTPBIBOK H3 59 n n c B M a , 1898 r . : 13 Ajjpec c o a n a H H b i x 6 p a T H H , B H K V T C K , M H e H 3 B e c T e H , TOJIBKO n H C B M a c T p y j j p M IIOXOJIHT. . . H a n H u i H T e HM j j y u i e B H M H npHBeT OT MeHH. He nojiywaeTe JIH BBI nnceM H3 AHTJIHH HJIH A M e p H K H , — O T 6 p a T B e B ? ECJIH nojiywajiH — c o o S u i H T e M H e . ( C T P . 131.) JJpyrofi OTPBIBOK H3 62 n H C B M a K M a T e p H , 3 M a p T a 1899 r M H J i a n HHHIOLUKa! . . . IIHCBMO Bauie nojiywHJi. . . C n p H C K o p S n e M npoweji o KOHMHHe p o x i H T e j i H . . . T e j i e -rpaMMy Baniy o KOHWH He c T a p n w K a a n o j i y w H J i . . . o Bbie3fle HaiiiHX 3a rpaHHiiy MHe H3BecTHo no,npo6Ho H T a M n p H H H M a i o T y w a C T H e B H X H e M n o J i o x c e H H H MHOTO rio6pbix JiiorieH, TOJIBKO TaKyio noMoniB Ha.no noMHHTB H 6BITB 6Jiaroii.apHbiMH B o r y . . . . npnnHCKa: CJiyxn ecTB, WTO B c e x Hac o T n y c T H T H3 C H S H P H 3 a r p a H H i i y , Torxta MU H e M e j j J i e H H O K a K JIH6O BbiSepeMCH. H3 n H C B M a 63 K Maxepw: 51 c w y B C T B O M 6 J i a r o r o B e H H H acxty Toro XIHH, K o r r i a y B H a c y c B c B a M H . JIK)6HUIHH B a c HaBcerxia CUH. B) H 3 n n c e M 45, 48, 50, K j j y x o S o p i i a M 6OJIBUIOH n a p r a n K p a T K H e B B i i i e p a c K H : Enie H e M H o r o T p y j j a H r o c n o f l b H3 S a B H T H a c OT B C H K o r o H C K y m e H H H [ T . e . c o B p a u i e H H H c HCTHHHOTO n y T H x i y x o S o p w e c T B a ] . X P H C T O C TOBOPHT K O B i i a M O T i i a He6ecHoro: „He 6OHCH MaJioe cTarto, H6O T O C -n o i r b 6jiaroBOJiHJi M T B B Bac" [EB. OT J l y K H r j i . 12 C T . 3 2 ] . . . ( C T p . 113.) Bbi n H U I H T e , W T O H M e H y e T e C b „ X p H C T H a H C K O H OSIUHHOH B c e M H p H o r o S p a T C T B a " . H T a r a c e w e J i a w n p H H a x t J i e w a T B K 3TOH o 6 u i H H e H n p o u i y Tocnorta, WTO6BI E o r y K p e n H J i Bac c M O T p e T b H a Bcex J i i o i i e H, KaK H a d p a T B e B . noTOMy H Ha c a M O M JieJie, B e e JIIOJJH B e r i B o i i H o r o O T i i a r o c n o x i a B o r a . . . n y c T b H a c o 6 n » c a K ) T , HO MH n o c i a p a e M C H H e nOMHHTb 06HJJbI, n o T O M y WTO C n a c H T e J i b X p H C T O C 6oJiBiiiHe n e p e H o c H J i 0 6 H J 4 H , HO MOJIHJICH 3a J n o i i e H , KOTO-pbie E r o K a 3 H H J i H . . . MeHH n e w a j i H T , 6paTiiu H cecTpHiibi, WTO B H c p e j j H 6OJIBL0OH 6 o J i e 3 H H c M e p T e J i B H O H ; S J i a r O I i a p K ) , WTO B H C T e p n e H n e M n e p e H o c H T e n o c T H r u i H e H a c H c n H T a H H H . TocnoriB X P H C T O C c a M T e p n e j i H n e p e H o c H J i B c s K H e ocKop6jieHHH 3a H C T H H y , WTO6H noKa3aTB npHMep M H p y 133 rpHxiymeMy; naxce npenan ce6a H a K p e c T H y i o cMepTB H T a K H M c a M o n c o K e p T B O B a H H e M C M e p T B nonpaxi; CBOHM BOC-KpeceHneM flyxa HCTHHH n o K a 3 a n BepyioiiiHM, n o CMepTB TejiecHan He HMeeT HHKaKoro 3 HaqeHHH. Ha TexiecHyio CMepTB MOXCHO cMOTpeTB T a K , n o ecnu 6u floporofi noHMajiH 'qejioBeKa PS36OHHHKH, CHHJTH 6H c Hero o,n.exc,n.y H TOT qeJiOBeK cTan 6bi TOCKOBaTB H n e ^ a j i H T B C H H .naxce nonyMaj i 6bi, n o nocjie STOTO OH H e M o x e T c y m e c T B O B a T b H nojixceH y M e p e T B . Hepa3yMHOCTB TaKoro cTpaxa o^e-BHflHa, noTOMy n o , Ha caMOM nene, • q e x i O B e K y TOJIBKO Haflo flOHTH no 6 n H x c a H i u e r o cejia (HJIH nonoxcnaTB np6poro c a M a p H H H H a ) H n o n p o c H T B n o 6 p H X rnojieH ( H e MHMO npOXOflHIUHX CBHWeHHHKOB H JieBHTOB) , KOTOpbie CHa6jj;HT onexcrioH c H3 6BITKOM. a e n o B e K , JiHiuaiomHHCH JKH3HH TeJia, JIHUIB 6bi HMeJi B e p y B B e ^ H y i o X C H 3 H B , — OflejKxiy T e J i o , B3aMeH H3HocHBuieHCH, OH nojiy^HT; K B K H M 3TO nyTeM $ O p M O H COBepiJJHTCH , 06 S T O M , TO eCTB 3arpo6HOH XCH3HH, o $opMe ee H MaJio n.yMaio, noTOMy n o STO e c T B TaflHa SoxcecTBeHHan, OXIHO T O J T B K O , — ^yBCTByw. . . JlHiiiB 6BI nronH, oKpyxcawiuHe Hac, He yMHpajiH no npHMHHe Haiuefi He6pexcHOCTH, a e c u H no B o n e rocnona, TO BCTIB MBI H Bee nepefljjeM B Be^ H y i o XCH3HB, TOJIBKO C O B e p i I i a e T C H S T O H e B OflHO B p e M H . )Kenaio BaM BceM c n a c e H n e nyni Bauinx. ( C T P . 116-117.) TaK xce H nony^nn n H C B M O OT SpaTBeB, HaxonHBUiHXCH B HyXHHCKOH T e M H H I i e . . . H OT H O B O a p e C T O B a H H b l X 2 3 - x lenoBeK H3 EjiH3aBeTnojia . . . nepenaHTe HM BceM OT M e H H cepne^HbiH n p H B e T . HanniiiHTe MHe non-POSHO, K a K conepxcaTCH H a u i H 6paTBH B T HO J I H C C K O H T i o p B M e ; flonycKawT JIH K HHM C B H f l a H H e ? H SpaTBH MOH TpHiua H BacH H BepemarHH, H a x o n H T C H c n p y r n M H HJIH O T f l e n B H O ? H n n c a j i HM n n c B M O , HO OTBeTa He nojiyqaio... (CTp. 119.) r ) I l H C B M a 18 H 52 K p a c c e n e H H U M H .yxo6opiJ ,aM: H CHJIBHO oneqaneH, n o p a c c T p o H J i H Bamy XO3HHCT-BeHHyio XCH3HB, HO panyiocB, n o B U 6OJJ,PH H Becejrbi nyxoM: nan rocnonn B a M nepeHecTH nepeMeHy XCH3HH c CMHpeHHeM; npocHTe rocnona, H Bor o6ner*iHT B a m e n o n o x c e H H e . KaK BH xcHBeTe B pacceneHHH? B r a 3 e T a x 6uno nncaHO, n o Bac paccejiHJiH no r j B a HJIH no T P H B KaxcflOM ayjie, HO STO HH^ero; Bee BexiB J i i o n H — SpaTBH, Bee OflHoro 6ora-0Tiia neTH; C T a p a n e c B 3acnyxcHTB nio6oBB B OKpyxcaiomeH cpene, TO Bee 6yneT xopomo; ecjiH MH 6yn.eM nio6HTB Bee OKpyxcaiomee, TO H caMH 6yneM nio6HMH—STO 3aKOH npnponbi, 3aKOH Bora, TOJIBKO HaflO nK)6HTB H C K p e H H O , jjyiueBHO, a H e HapyxcHo; STO BHXonHno 6H o6MaH. . . (CTP. 54-55. ) 134 MHP BaM H 6narorj;aTB , B c e M SpaTuaM H c e c T p n u a M paccejieHHbiM 3 a HMH rocnona Hncyca XpHCTa. flaBHO H He nncaji BaM, B03nio6neHHHe 6paTiiBi H c e c T p H i i b i ! KaK Bac rocnonB Bor MHJiyeT? BecTH HOXOXTHT, I T O cpenn B a c MHoro 6oneioT H yMHpaioT; H a n o ynoBaTB Ha Bora, OH C M H r i H T H a u i e n o j i o x c e H H e . . . H 3nppoB H 6naro-noxiy-qeH, cxiaBa Bory . . . 3rj ; e c B TOJIBKO 3HMa oieHL x t O J i r a n ; JieTO Bcero 3 HJIH 4 Mecnua. H K a a e T C f l y»ce nncaji BaM, n o MHe O6BHBHJTH eme H a n n b JieT n p o x c H T B 3rj,ecb... (CTp. 120.) H3 S T H X B c e x n n c e M K c c b u i b H b i M , oSmecTBeHHbiM, pacceneH-HblM H TK)peMH03 a K j n C q e H H b l M , M O X H O J ierKO flOraflblBaTBCH, 1 T O H e C M O T p H Ha HX C T O H K O C T b H O I T T H M H 3 M HX C C H J I b H O r O pyKOBOflHTeJIH, coScTBeHHoe H X nojioxceHne 6buio naneKO He S j i a r o n o j i y ^ H O , - -T o q H e e CKa3aTB— 6 e 3 B u x o n H O. neTp BacHJibeBHbi nony^aeT B C H K H e CJiyxH o a c e c T O K o c T H X , o r p y 6 u x npecjienoBaHHHx H ITPHTH 3 a H H H X, co CTOpOHbl Ha^aJIBCTBa H HeBUHOCHMOH 5KH3HH, OSpe^eHHUX H a TOJIOXJ, H XOJIOfl CCUJTBHUX B TopHHCKOM, THXOHeilKOM H CHTHaXCKOM ye3flaX H B r p y 3 H H C K H X ayjiax, r\n,e K T O M y BpeMeHH BUMepno 6oJiee TBICKMH riyxoeopiieB. neTp BacHJibeBH^, HaKOHeii, pemaeT HaftTH BHXOH. B ero JIHMHOM nHCBMeHHOM o6pameHHH K HMnepaTpnue AJieKcaHjjpe Oerj;opoBHe POMaHOBOH. OH nnmeT (IIHCBMO 33, CTp. 8 9 . ) : K H M n e p a T p n u e AneKcaHnpe OenopoBHe P O M a H O B O H rocnoxj,B Bor xpaHHT riyuiy TBOK, KaK B cefi KH3HH, T a K H B 6yjj,ymeM B e n e , cecTpa AjieKcaHnpa. H, pa6 rocnona Hncyca XpHCTa, JKHBy B nocnaHHH H 6naroBecTBOBaHHH Ero HCTHHH. Haxoxcycb B c c u n K e c 1886 r . H 3 3 a K a B K a 3 C K O H riyxo6opqecKOH OSIUHHH. CJTOBO „JTyxo6opejj," H a n o n o H H M a T b , n o MU B flyxe H r i y m o K ) HcnoBextyeM Bora [CMOTPH EBaHrenne B C T p e ^ i a XpHCTa c CaMapHHKOH y K o n o n i i a . HoaH. 4 : 2 3 - 2 4 ] . yMonaio Te6K, cecTpa BO XpHCTe rocnone--AneKcaH-npa, ynpocn cynpyra C B o e r o , HHKonan, nomajj,HTB OT 135 roHeHHH x p H C T H a H H a KaBKa3e. K Te6e H o6pauiaiocB, noTOMy WTO j j y M a i o : TBoe cepjjiie 6ojiee odpanieHO K Bory. TaM we cenwac 6oJiee CTpajiaioT weHUiHHU H / j e T H : COTHH Mywen H ponHTeJieH 3aKJiioweHH B TIOPBMBI H TUCHWH ceMeii p a c c e n H H no ropcKHM ayjiaM, rije B JiacTHMH BHymaeTCH WHTGJIHM o6paniaTBCH rpy6o. B oco6eHHOCTH H a sceHuiHHax x p u c r a a H K a x STO OTpascaeTca THwejio! HexiaBHo cTaxtH can . H T B H weHiiiHH H jjeTen B 3aMKH. BHHa C HailieH CTOPOHBI Ta, WTO M U , nOBBO ,3MOWHOC.TH, ' • CTapaeMCH C T a T B x p u c T n a H a M H . B HeKOTopux nocTyn-Kax, MoweT, H HefloyMeBaeM. Te6e, BepoHTHo, H3BecTHO yweHHe BereTapnaHCTBa; MBI CTOpOHHHKH S T H X ryMaHHTap HUX B 3 r J I H J J O B ; HeJJaBHO ocTaBHJiH ynoTpeSjiHTB B r i H i i i y MHCO, IIHTB BHHO H MHoro Tanoro, WTO Be.neT K pa3BpaTHOH WH3HH H 3aTBMeBaeT CBeTJiocTB jjyuiH w e x i O B e K a . He y6HBan WHBOTHOTO, MU w e j i O B e K a J i H i u a T B WH3HH HH B KaKOM c j i y w a e H e cwHTaeM B 0 3 M O W H U M . YSHBan npocToro w e x i O B e K a , xtawe XOTH 6U H pa3SoHHHKa, HaM KaweTCH, WTO MU p e u i a e M C H y d H T B XpHCTa, H BOT B STOM rjiaBHan npHWHHa. rocyjjapcTBO Tpe6yeT H a u i n x 6 p a T H H oSywaTBCH n p n e M a M pywBH. Xpnc-T n a H e H a STO He corjiawaioTCH; H X eawawT B TIOPBMU, 6BK>T H MOPHT ronoiioM. Hart cecTpaMH we H MBTepHMH rpySo noHOiuaioTCH, KaK Han. weHiiiHHaMH; oweHB w a c T O T a M we c HacMeuiKaMH BSbiBan: nrne we B a m Bor? noweMy OH Bac H e cnacaeT?" Bor we H a m H a HeBecax H H a 3eMJie H TBO P H T OH Bee, WTO xoweT [ncaxiMu flaBHJja 113-114] . H n e w a j i B H e e 6ojiee noTOMy, WTO B e e STO npoHcxoiiHT B x p n c T H a H C K O H CTpaHe. OdmHHa H a m a Ha KaBKa3e COCTOHT H3 OKOJIO 20 TUCHW w e j i O B e K . HeyweJiH TaKoe Maxtoe KaJTHwecTBo MoweT O K 3 3 B T B Bpejj rocyjjap-C T B e H H O M y opraHH3My, ecjin c HHX He SpajiH 6u cojiiiaT? Ceftwac XOTH H SepyT, HO 6ecnojie3Ho; 30 w e j i O B e K H a X O J J H T C H B EKaTepHHOrpaJJCKOH KpenOCTH B flHCITHnJIH-H a p H O M 6aTajiBOHe, rjje Hart HHMH TOJIBKO M y w a w T C H , npoH3BOJJH n u T K y . WejiOBeKa MU cwHTaeM xpaMOM JJJIH Bora WHBoro H TOTOBHTBCH K ySHHCTBy ero, HH B K a K O M cjiywae He MoweM, XOTH 3a STO yrpawajiH HaM c M e p T B i o . CaMoe yjjo6Hoe nocejiHTB H a c B OJJHOM M e c T e w K e , rf le MU H WHJIH 6u n o K O H H O , 3 aHHMajiHCB TpyjJOM. Bee rocyjjap-BeHHbie n O B H H H O C T H , B $opMe no.na.TeH, MU BHeceM, T O J I B K O He MOWeM 6UTB COJIJjaTaMH . ECJIH Ha STO npaBHTejiBCTBO COWJIO 6u HGBO3MOWHUM corjiacHTBCH, TO nycTB 6u jjaJio HaM npaBO BuceJiHTB CH B OJJ.HO H 3 eBponeHCKHX r o c y f l a p c T B . Mu OXOTHO nomjiH 6u B AHTJIHIO, HJIH caMoe yjjp6Hoe, B AMepHKy riie Maccy HMeeM 6paTBeB B rocnojje Hncyce XpncTe. 1 3 6 OT nojiHOH rtyiuH npouiy rocnoiia o 6JiaroiieHCTBHH B a l l ien c e M B H . Pa6 XpHCTa—IleTp, xcHByuiHH B ccbiJiKe B TO6OJTB-CKOH r y 6 e p H H H . H e T npHMbix B O C T O B e p H H t x CBefleHHH no noBorty STOTO nncBMa, nocjiaHHoro neTpoM BacHJiBeBnweM, K HMnepaTpniie AxieK-caHiipe PoMaHOBOH. 06 STOM ecTB HaMeKH, WTO nncBMO neTpa BacHJiBeBHwa 6BIXIO j j o c T a B J i e H O na pyKH HMnepaTpnne, HO KaKoe 6bijio ee BnewaTjieHHe H nocjiextoBaTejiBHoe coiieHCTBHe B ,%pocB6e Bepn-r H H a , 3TOTO J J O C T O B e p e H H O He B b i p a 3 H J I O C b . B CBOK) owepeflB, neTp BacnjiBeBnw, n p H C J i y u i H B a H C B K TOJIO-caM CBOHX S p a T B e B HaxojJHBIIIHXCH B 6 e 3 B U X O J J H H X noxtoaceHHHX, B TO we caMoe BpeMH npHCJiyuiHBajiCH H K rojiocaM H3 3 a r p a H H i i b i , HaMeKaBiiiHM eMy Ha BBIXOJJ JJJIH j j y x o 6 o p i i e B, o KOTOPOM OH JIHWHO MewTaji H cTapajicH HaftTH. 3TH rojioca HecoMHeHHO, OH cJiHiTiaji OT npy3eH K B a K e p o B , H3 AHFJIHH. B nHCBMe 34-M OH HM nnuieT (nncBMO 3 4 , CTp. 9 1 ) : JIio6e3HBie BpaTBH! Mbi xpncTHaHe, WHByniHe Ha KaBKa3e H HaJJ K O T O P U M H , B H e J j a B H e e BpeMH, n O C T H T J I O HCEblTaHHe, J jyi l ieBHO T p O H y T b l BaillHM npHBeTCTBHeM. Mbi BepHM, WTO JJO6PHX juojjeH MHOTO B MHpe, KOTopue jjoJDKHbi r o p e T b KaK CBeTHJiBHHKH B OKpyscaioiiieM Hac M p a K e . 9L C T O P O H H H K y W e H H H HHCyca XpHCTa H SCHBy B CCblJIKe — CKOPO 6y.neT xtecHTB J i e T , 3a 6jiaroBecTBOBaHHe flyxa H C T H H b l . flo cero B p e M e H H Hama o6uiHHa Ha3biBajiacB „flyxo6op-Libi"; nojj CJIOBOM „jjyxo6opeii" pa3yMeJiocB: „Mbi B i i y x e H jjymoio H c n o B e f l y e M Bora" [EB. HoaH. TJI. 4, C T . 23 H 24] . HHKaKHX BemeCTBeHHBIX 3 H S K O B He 6oroTBopHM; C T a p a e M C H n p H B O f l H T B B W H 3 H B yweHHe Hncyca XpncTa, B mnpoKOM cMbicne ero 3 H a w e H n n . 137 HeriaBHo B Hauieft cpene B03 6yn.HJiocB H B H x e e H H e B nOJIB3y K COBepUieHCTBOBaHHK) XteHCTBHTeJTBHOH K H 3 H H H Mb! peillHJIH HaHMeHOB aTb CBOK) 06lHHHy: nXpHCTHaHCKaH oSinHHa BceMHpHoro 6paTCTBa" . 0 qeM c panocTBio H3BemaeM Bac H C JHOSOBBIO c^ H T a e M 6paTbHMH. ^IxieH BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa n. BepHTHH. 3rj;ecb o^ieHb BaxcHo saMeTHTb 3HaieHae H BaxHocTb B nepeHaHMeHOBaHHH rj,yxo6opiiaMH cBoen o6m,HHbi Ha „XpHCTHaHCKyio OSmHHy BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa". 3TO 6HJIO crienaHO no coBeTy BepurHHa. IleTp BacHJibeBHM B CBoeM 34-M nncbMe K ripy3bHM B AHrjiHH, flaeT CBOKD n o n n n c B , KaK uieH BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa H KaK SynTo npHrjiamaH H X 6UTB c HHM B TaKOM dpaTCTB e/ n n u i e T : Mb] peillHJIH HaHMeHOB aTb CBOK) OSlIIHHy: „XpHCTHaHCKaH OSmHHa BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa" o qeM c p a x j o c T B i o H3Be-tuaeM Bac H C JBOSOBBK) CTHTaeM SpaTbHMH. 3TO HaHMeHOBaHHe, caMo no ce6e, XOTH oieHb SnaroBHyuiHTenbHO, HO RJIH. npHrnaiueHHbix BepHTHHUM xj,py3eH B Taxoe BpaTCTBO, 6bi.no 6bi He BnoJiHe onpeneneHHo. n o cnenano 6u KBaKepoB npaBo-MO^HblMH H K B a n H $ H I I H p O B a H H b J . M H M J i e H a M H T a K o r o 6paTCTBa? 1TO6H flaTb OTBeT Ha S T O T Bonpoc, HyscHO 3artaTb npyroft: KaKHe KBannc|)HKaiiHH Tpe6oBajiHCb OT 6paTBeB, 6ynB OHH KBaKepta HJIH Jlyxo6opiib], no6bi no npaBy OHH MOTXIH 6biTb vjieHaMH T a K o r o 6paTCTBa? neTp BacnjibeBHi B 35-M nncBMe npHrnawaeT K T a K O M y 6paTCTBy B c e x riyxo6opneB 6onbinoH napTHH, coBeiya HM: C cero BpeMeHH 6yn.eM Ha3biBaTbCH BO cnaBy J7oc-noria XpHCTHaHCKOH 06JHHHOH BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa. . . MHe nepecJiaHO H3 MOCKBU nHCBMO, npncjiaHHoe H3 AHrjiHH OT o6mecTBa, TaK Ha3biBaeMoro „U,epKOBB BpaTCTB a" [o6mecTBo STO 6bino ocHOBaHO fl. KeHHyopTH, OXIHHM H3 aHrjiHHCKHX nocnen.oBaTeneH JI. H. ToncToro; CMOTPH CHOCKy CTp. 9 2 ] KOTopoe OMeHB co6one3HyeT, WTO Hac n o c T H r j i o Tanoe HcnbiTaHHe H c o B e T y e T Kpenno HepwaTbCH xpHCTHaHCKOH Bepbi. . . ECJIH n o w e n a e T e [OH o6pauiaeTCH K riyxo6opiiaM] HanMeHOBaTBCH TOH, K a K Bbiuie C K a 3 a H o , TO nepeiiaHTe B c e M , MTO6U B Poxc-riecTBO X P H C T O B O , nocjie MOJISHHH cwHTaTB ce6n T a K O -B b l M H H B fleHB 3TOT np a 3II H O B 3TB P O X C f l e C T B O XpHCTa, H MHpa H 6 J i a r o B O J i e H H H B wenoBeiiax. ^TO6U flaTB OTBeT Ha Bonpoc: WTO KBaJiH(|)HiiHpyeT iiyxo 6opiia CT3TB J j e H C T B H T e J I B H b l M WJieHOM XpHCTHaHCKOH 06UIHHBI BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa, IleTp BacHJibeBHW nocTaBJineT STO B npn jioxceHHH K 35 nHCBMy, CTp. 93, B $opMe: H3 06I1IHX B3TJIHII.OB XpHCTHaHCKOH OSlIlHHbl BceMHp-HOTO BpaTCTBa: 1. ^ i J i e H b i 0611IHHBI y B a x a i o T H JIK)6HT Bora, KaK H a w a n o BceMy cyuiecTByioiiieMy. 2. YBaxcaioT JJOCTOHHCTBO H w e c T B weJiOBeKa, KaK B c a M O M ce6e, TaK p a B H o H B ce6e non.o6Hbix. 3. ^JieHbi OSUIHHBI CMOTPHT Ha Bee cyuiecTByioinee JIK16OBHO H C BOCXHUieHHeM. B 3TOM H a n p a B J i e H H H CTapaioTCH BocriHTbiBaTb jjeTeft. 4. nojj CJIOBOM Bor w n e H b i pa3yMeioT: CHJiy JIIO6BH, C H J i y 5KH3HH, K O T o p a H nana Hawano B c e M y cyuiecTByiomeMy. 5. MHp C O C T O H T H3 XtBHXCeHHH, B C e C T p e M H T C H K coBepmeHCTBy H wepe3 STOT npoiiecc d a p a e T C H coejiH-HHTBCH CO CB OHM HaWaJIOM, KaK 6bl B03BP3THTB C 0 3 p e B ~ UIHH nnoii. ceMeHH. 6. Bo BceM cyuiecTByioiiieM H a m e r o MHpa MM BHIIHM nepexoiiHbie C T y n e H H K COBepiiieHCTBy, KaK HanpHMep, HawHHaeTCH c K a M H H , nepexojJHT K p a c T e H H H M , n o T O M XCHBOTHbIM, H3 KOTOpblX C a M b l M K p a H H H M MOKHO C W H T a T b wenoBeKa B C M b i c n e >KH3HH, B cMbicne MbicJiHuiero C03IiaHHH . 7. YHHWTOwaTb, pa3pyuiaTb WTO6U TO HH 6HIJIO, wneHbi o6mHHbi cwHTaioT npeiiocyiiHTeJibHbiM. B KaxcjioM cj i e j i a H -HOM npertMeTe e c T b WH3Hb, a cjienoBaTeJiBHO H Eor, B oco6eHHOCTH we B wenoBeKe. JIHUIHTB WH3HH wejiOBeKa HH B K a K O M cnywae Heno3BOJiHTejiBHo. 139 8. *IneHbi o6m,HHbi B CBoeM ySexcneHHH npnycKaioT noJiHeHiuyio cBo6oriy BceMy cywecTByioiiieMy, B TOM ^ncjie H cymecTBOBaHHe ^ejioBeKa. BcHKan o p r a H H 3 a i i H H y c T a H O B J i e H H a n HacnnneM, CTHTaeTCH H e 3 a K O H H O H . 9. TJiaBHOH ocHOBOHCBymeca?BOBaHHHq^eji©B'eKac:cjiy»caT S H e p r n a M b i c j i H , p a 3 y M . riHineft BemecTBeHHOH cnyxcaT: B 0 3 f l y x f Bona, OpyKTbi, OBOMH. 10. flonycKaeTCH oSmecTBeHHan >KH3HB B qexioBekax, nepxcawaHCH H a 3 a K O H e HpaBCTB e H H O H CHJIBI, npa BHJIOM KOToporo c x i y s c H T : n o c e 6 e He xoqy, Toro He nonaceH jjeJiaTB flpyroMy.— BOry HAUJEMY CJIABA! BOT, — CTOJI6IJ,BI Ha xtopore: H a Hopore xtyxo6opqecKoro j X B H x e e H H H , — H a jjopore „XpHCTHaHCKOH 06IHHHH BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa". fla, — 3 T H „06fflHe B3rjiHnbi XOBB" He TOJIBKO 6BIJIH IIPHHHTBI j j y x o 6 o p u ; a M H B 1896 rony, HOOSBLJIH B03BeneHbi H a C T e n e H B 144 ncanMa B „ )KHBOTHOH K H H r e " H C T e x nop C T a n n caMBiM r n a B H U M p y K O B O f l C T B O M nyxoSopiieB B H X nocnextoBaTenBHOH »CH3HH. BcHKaa CJIOBecH O C T B b (ycTHafl HJIH J i H T e p a T y p H a a ) B03Berj,eHHaH Ha C T e n e H B „ n c a j i M a " , KOH^ a e T c s CJIOB3MH „Eory H a i u e M y c J i a B a " . 3 a M e T H M 3jj;ecB TaKace npHMeqaHHe BnanHMHpa EoH^-EpyeBH^a (IlHCBMa, C T p . 9 4): OH roBopHT: Mbi npHBOiiHM 3JJ,ecb MHeHHe 0 6 S T H X „06UIHX B3rjiHflax" H. E. K o H K H H a , oflHoro H3 3aMe^:aTenBHbix j j y x o 6 o p n e B . OH B n n c B M e CBoeM OT 12 neKa6pH 189 6 rona, nnineT: „3TH necHTB n y H K T O B Mbi c^ H T a e M K a K 6 u OCHOBHHM n p a B H J i o M x p n c T H a H C K O H acH3HH, HJIH flecHTB 3 a n o B e n e H HoBaro 3aBeTa". TeM BpeMeHeM, K Komiy 1897 rona, nonosceHHe rjyxo6opiieB Bee 6ojiee H 6onee yxyniiianocB Ha KaBKa3e H B ccbuiKax H STO B o i n n o BO BHHMaHHe M H o r a x HyxoBHO-HpaBCTBeHHbix neHTenen, 140 ocoSeHHO JIbBa H H K O J i a e B H w a ToJiCToro H e r o i r p y 3 e H , BKJiiowaH K B a n e p o B B AHTJIHH . TOJICTOH JIHWHO n o c j i a j i ysHaTB o nponcxoiiHBiiieM Ha MecTax ccbiJioK, CBoero coTpyflHHKa IlaBJia MnxaftjioBHwa TperySoBa, a nocjie, flaBJia HBaHOBHwa EnpioKOBa, KOTOpbie oSbexajiH MecTa ccbiJioK B r o p H H C K O M , C H r H a x c K O M , THXOHCKOM H flyuieTCKOM ye3iiax, H y6eii . H J i H C B , WTO RO 4000 jjyxo6opiieB C H C T e M a T H w e c K H B U M n p a i o T OT r o j i o f l H O H c M e p T H 6JiaroxtapH p a c n o p H x e H H H M n p a B H T e n B C T B a . 3TH j J B a nocna B KOHiie 1897 r o f l a , c i i e J i a j i H 06 STOM JJOKJiajJ JlBBy HHKOJiaeBHwy, H OH HeMeii;jieHH0cHanHeajipAyxo6oppaMMCJieiiyjpiiiee IIHCBMO : . JIio6e3HHe 6paTBH, c T p a i i a i o i u H e 3a y w e H H e X p n c T a ! E p a T Ham [Tpery6oB] 3aexaji n o j j o p o r e KO MHe, H MHe 3axoTejiocB HanncaTB BaM TO, WTO He H OJJHH, HO MHoro H MHoro Jiio/jeH y Hac H 3arpaHHiieH, 3HaioT H H y M a i o T o Bac H 6OHTCH 3a Bac. ECJIH Eor BejiHT, TO Mbi npHUJJieM BaM, BaiUHM J j e T H M , XCeHUlHHaM H C T a p b l M JIK)JJHM, 6ojibHHM, nocHJibHyio noMouiB;J4Hyx©BHyK)»c»ceTin©MomB Mbi H MHorne, 3 i i e c B H 3a rpaHHiien, n o j i y w a e M OT Bac H npOCHM B a C He O C T a B J I H T B Hac S T O W nOMOmbK). IIOMOIIIb 3Ta B TOM, WTO Bbi nepBbie noKa3biBaeTe n p H M e p x o x c n e H H H n o nyTH X p H C T O B y ; 3 a f l H H M J i e r w e , weM nepertHHM. Bbi Hii,eTe nepenHHMH, H MHorae S J i a r o i i a p H T Bac 3a S T O . X P H C T O C CKa3aji: MeHH r H a j i H , S y n v T r H a T B H Bac", TaK H c6biBaeTCH; xcajiKO MaJibix H c T a p b i x , a eme xcaJiBwe r o H H T e j i e f i : BejjB OHH yace 3HaioT T e n e p B , WTO OHH TOHIOT He B a c a X p H C T a , Toro caMoro, KOTOPHH n p n i i i e j i c n a -c a T B H X . OHH BHJJHT CBOH r p e x , HO T a K 3 a B H 3 J i H B HeM, WTO He M o r y T O T C T B T B OT H e r o . OHH nejiaioT cBoe H y p H o e . I l o M o r H HM Bor o n O M H H T B C H H npncoejiHHHTBCH K HaM. rieperiaBaji H. n. [HBaH I lapaMOHOBHW 06pocH-MOB, CM. e r o n y T e u i e c T B H e K n. B. B e p n r H H y , C T P . 173f>'< IIriHCBMa" ] MHe paccKa3bi, KaK BauiH SpaTBH, cTpa-jjaiomHe 3a O T K a 3 OT y w a c T H H B i i e j i a x B B H B O J i a , B y S H H C T B e , nocTynajiH c TeMH, KOTopue He BbinepscajiH r o H e H H H H c o r j i a c H J i H C b cJiyxcHTb. ECJIH Te, KOTOpbie caMH c T p a j j a i o T 3a X P H C T O B O i i e n o , npocnjiH npomeHHH 141 y Tex, K O T o p t a e H e BbinepxcaJiH r o H G H H H 3a T e cTpariaHHH, K O T o p u e OHH noHecriH no npHMepy H H a y q e H H i o 6paTbeB, TO KaK » e MHe, H e y n o c T O H B u i e M y c n nocTpanaTB 3a X P H C -TOBO Reno, Hano BbinpauiHBaTB npomeHHe y Bcex T e x , KOTO MOH c n o B a H n n c a H H H noBenn K CTpanaHHHM? TOT KTO cTpaxnaeT 3a X P H C T O B O n e n o He no H a y q e H H i o jironeH, a noTOMy n o H e MO>KST nocTynnTB HHaie nepen. BoroM, He HyacriaeTCH B JBOACKHX yTeuieHHHX H noompeHHflx, a TOT KTO nocTynaeT He JJJIH Bora, a HJIH cnaBH mo,n.cKOH, T O M y Tfl»ce.no H ero Haflo yTewaTB H n o j x r i e p x c H B a T b H npocHTB y Hero npomeHHH, e c r a OH nocTpaijaeT H 3 - s a Hac. H noTOMy, 6paTBfl, He ynopcTByHTe B CBoeM oTKa3e OT rocynapcTBeHHOH cnyxcSbi, ecnn BBI uenaeTe STO JJJIH Toro, no6bi He yKopnnn Bac B cna6ocTH. ECJTH MoxceTe xtenaTB T O , n o OT Bac Tpe6ywT—nenaHie, H3SaBBTe 3 T H M Bauinx cnaSbix »ceH, ueTeH, donBHbix, cTapbix OT MyieHHH. Ecnn H e BceuHJicfl B leuoBeKa Ryx X P H C T O B , TO B C A K H H H 3 Bac nonxceH paflH nio6BH K CBOHM OTK a— 3aTBCH OT npexcHero H noKopnTbca; HHKTO ne ocyflHT B a c 3a 3TO. TaK nojixcHbi BBI n o c T y n a T B , ecnn M O s c e T e . Ecnn see ri.yx X P H C T O B B c e J i n j i c n B qenoBeKa H OH x c H B e T He Rnn. ce6n, a HJIH ncnojiHeHHH BOJIH Bora, TO OH H pan 6BI corjiacHTBcn c n e n a T t B e e BJIH C B O H X c T p a u a i o i i i H X ennxcHHx, jj,a Hen&3H eMy ciieJiaTB SToro, KaK HeJib3H o r i H O M y l e J i O B e K y nonHHTB 100 n y n o B . A ecnn T a K , TO X p H C T O B TjyX, K O T O p b l H n p O T H B H T C H fleJiaM flbHBOJia, Hay^HT KaK nocTynaTB H yTeuiHT B CTpanaHHHX, H C B O H X 6J1H3KHX . MHoroe xoTen 6BI H CKa3aTB BaM H y3HaTB OT Bac. ECJIH Bor BejiHT—CBHHHMCH. noKa npomane, 6paTu.bi. D,enyK) Bac. BpaT B a m cnaBbiH, HO rao6ni4HH Bac. JleB TOJICTOH. (CM. „HCT. flyx." CyxopeBa, C T P . 108.) 3 T O n H C B M O OT JlBBa HHKonaeBH^a K n.yxo6opiiaM, KaK H nHCBMa OT npyrnx jiHiHocTen, 6bino nepecnaHO IleTpy BacHJibeBHiy, H a KOTopoe OH oTBeTHJi 15 a B r y d a 1898 r . , H 3 OSnopcKa. no noBony nepecejieHHH nyxo6opu .eB 3 a rpaHHuy, XOTH neTp BacHJibe-BHM H caM npexiBHrjien S T O , OH x j i y M a n 06 STOM c H e K O T o p u M Kone-SaHHeM. OH nnmeT K ToncTOMy B n n c B M e HHTbnecHT ceijbMOM, C T P . 125: 142 15 aBrycTa 1898 r . , ce.no OSnopcK yBaacaeMbiH JleB HHKonaeBHn nocbijraio B a M cepne^HBiH npHBeT c noacenaHHeM nojiy-I H T B OT Bora Bcero xopoiuer.o. H 3xtopoB H 6xiarono-j i y q e H , cJiaBa Bory. nocjie aKKypaTHofi nepenHCKH Meacjiy HSMH , H nncan B a M eme flBa-TpH nncBMa, HO BepoHTHO, „n,eH3ypa" HX He nepecxiajia no aixpecy, n o T O M y OT B a c H T o a c e He nonyqan nncBMa. no6bi noroBopHTB c BaMH no nyiue, Ha6panocB Bcero T a K MHOTO, n o n p H x t e T C H y p e 3 U B a T B . . . . . Hen.aBHO B „PycH M npoieJi B a m oiepK o roJioflOBKe jiwneH; 3TO xpoHH^ecKoe roJiOflOBaHHe oieHb H oieHb ne^ajibHoe nonoaceHHe Hapona, HO eme ne^anBHee TO, n o H e no3BOJiflH)T nof laBaTB xjieSa r o u o f l H O M y q e J i O B e n y . Torna KaK, OTHHMaHHe HacymHoro xneSa, OTKPHTO AOnycKaeTCH H BceB03MoacHo noompaeTca! . . . H a c e n a n 6BI 3 H a T B Bame M H e H H e , yBaacaeMbiH J l e B HHKOJiaeBHq n o n e n y BBiceneHHH nyxo6opiieB 3a r p a H H i i y . H JIH^HO, n o n H n o n o a c H T e n B H O n p o T H B nepeceneHHH, noTOMy JHOHH HaiueH o6mHHBi TpyacnaiOTCH [nxtyT c TpynoM] B caMoycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHH H, cjiejioBaTejibHo, Kyjia 6u MBI H e nepeceJiHJiHCb, noHeceM CBOH cjiabocTH c CO6OK>; a n o 3a rpaHHnen cBo6oi(Hee XCHTB JIHIHOCTH BOoSme, H nyMaio, pa3HHLi,a, MoaceT 6BIT& HebonBiuan. l e J i O B e -q e C T B O B C M n y O f l H H a K O B O . ECJIH n e p e c e n e H H e H MoaceT COCTOHTBCH, TO n p n ycJiOBHHX: n p a B H T e n b C T B O npnacHO B03BpaTHTB Bcex paccejieHHHx rj,yxo6opLi.eB KO CBOHM ceM&HM, j j a T b H B y x -T p e x J i e T H K H ) j i B r o T y ann BtaceneHHH. 06mHHa MoaceT n o c n a T B T p n - q e T H p e l e j i o B e K a flOBepeHHbix ocMOTpeTB MecTHocTB, xr,a eme Bonpoc, ecTB nn B AMepHKe CBo6on-Hbie MecTa, no6bi HaceneHHe HHiero H e H M e n o npoTHB 3aceneHHH. HaKOHen, MBI Mornn 6BI apeHHOBaTB 2-3 aMepHKaHCKHx n a p o x o n a H cpa3y n e p e e x a n n 6bi, Hann-iiiHie MHe noacanyncTa, JleB HHKOJiaeBHi, H e BeneTe JIH BBI n e p e n H C K H c aMepHKaHCKHMH 3HaKOMBIMH no noBony nepeceneHHH nyxoSopqecKOH OSIUHHBI? IIonHiiHH coBceM He nepenaeT M H e n n c e M , a TaKace H OT M e H H HHKOMy He n e p e c H J i a e T . MoacHO n n c a T B — K a K ry6epHaTop M e H H npenynpennn—poflHTejiHM, na H TO no6bi n H C B M O He HMeno „cJ)Hnoco$Hq:ecKHX paccyacneHHH1'. [BbipaaceHHe ry6epHaTopa] . . . 143 KaK aBTop 3TOH HHCcepTaiiHH, ciHTaw yMecTHbiM 3iiecB npH6aBHTb OJJHH naparpa$ H3 MOHX JIHWHHX KDHbix BOcnoMHHaHHH no noBOJj.y cnopoB HJIH pacnpeft „MHCcHOHepoB" npaBocjiaBHOH UepKBH C C e K T a H C K H M H npOnOBejJHHKaMH . B K O H I i e P y C C K O - H n O H C K O H BOHHbl 1905 r . , MOH oTeu, IIO3BOJIHJI MHe, 12-TH jieTHeMy M a J i b W H K y , n O H T H C HHM Ha Cnopbl MeXfly „ M H C C H O H e p O M " B b l l l i e y n O M H H y T O H L i e p K B H K n e p e f l O B H M H w j i e H a M H H e 6 o J i B i i i o r o oSmecTBa „ J 4 y x o B H b i x XpHCTHaH", T a K H a 3 b i B a e M H x „MojiOKaH". MojioKaHe 6biJiH BO MHOFOM cxortcTBeHHbt c jjyxoSopiiaMH H B H X p a H H e n H C T O P H H CBIJIH nocjie-HOBaTejiHMH ORHoro H TOTO see pennrH03Horo n B H x c e H H H . Ha 3TOT p a 3 , y n o M H H a e M b i e MHOKJ cnopbi, HJIH, C K o p e e , jje6aTbi, npoH30uiJiH Ha nJiouiaiiH B03Jie IIpaB ocJiaB HOH UepKBH, H co C T O P O H H nMHccHOHepa" nepeiiiJiH B nojieMHKy. XOTH H Majio nOHHMaJI O T O H K O C T H X S O r O C J I O B C K H X a p r y M e H T O B , H, BCeTaKH noBepHJi OTiiy H j j p y r H M B3POCJIBIM cJiymaTejiHM, WTO MOJiOKaHCKHe TOJIKOBaTeJIH OWeHB JIOBKO OTJJeJiaJIHCB OT B C H K H X npeTeH3HH „ M H C C H O H e p a " Ha H e n O r p e i U H M O C T H C B O H X S O T O C J I O B C K H X H3JIO)KeHHH. IlojJoSHbie cnopbi npoH30iujiH B coceiiHeM ceJieHHH no HMeHH CaJiaMaTHHKa, B KOTOPOM npecBHTep 6ojibuioro oSuiecTBa MOJioKaH, KaK H a M H3BecTHJiH, eme rpoMwe O T J j e j i a j i c n OT M H C C H O H S P C K H X npeTeH3HH, HO He JJOJITO nocjie 3Toro, Hamero TopwecTByromero npecBHTepa cocjiajin Ha 5 J i e T , H3 CapaTOBCKOH, B jjpyrHe O T i i a -j i e H H b i e ry6epHHH. B npojJOJraeHHH 5 J i e T e M y yiiaJiocB n o B H J j a T B C B O K ) JKeHy C JjeTBMH H C B O H X Jjpy3eH B K p a T K H e MHHyTbl r J i y 6 0 K O H HOWH . 144 TOJIBKO CeMB K p d T K H X J i e T nepeJJ T e M H MOMeHTaMH, o KOTO-pbix H 3iiecb BcnoMHHaio, nepewHTBiBan STO (57-e) IIHCBMO neTpa BacHJiBeBHwa K JIbBy HHKOJiaeBHwy TancTOMy, B KOTOPOM OH nniueT o noiio6Hbix MOMeHTax, TOJibKo HecpaBHHTeJiBHo 6ojiee 3HawHTeJiB-Hbix HJIH jj.yxo6opwecKOH O6IHHHH. BepnrHH npoBOJiacaeT: B 06iiopcKe HaxoflHTCH npaBOCJiaBHan iiepKOBHan M H C C H f l H B 3TOM rOJjy ClOJja KOMaH/JHpOB a J I H JJByX MOHa-XOB : — O J J H H H 3 neTep6ypra; OHH MHoro p a 3 TOBOPHJIH B iiepKBH nponoBeflH o jjyxo6opwecKOH o6uiHHe, o ee 3Jie f onacHOCTH JJJIH rocyjjapcTBa H TOMy no/Jo6Hoe. H npeii.ynpejj.HJi MOHaxoB, ecjin OHH erne 6yjjyT npoxtoji-w a T B , TO BbiHyscjjeH 6y/j;y 3aMeTHTb HM O HeKOTopbix HecnpaBeilJIHBblX TOJIKOBaHHHX 06 06lH.HHe. B OJJHO BocKpeceHBe OHH j j a j i H M H e n p a B o TOBOPHTB B iiepKBH. noJieMHKa B b i u u i a ropnwan; 3JjecB we B Hapone MHorae npHHHJIH MOK) CTOpOHy. nonaMH 6biJi nocTaBJieH Bonpoc 06 OTpHiiaHHH HaMH HKOH. 51 O6TI>HCHHJI: Mbi Bora I T H M , KOTopoMy noiiBJiacTHO Bee cymecTByioinee, He TOJIBKO 3eMJiH H WTO Ha Hen ecTb, HO H Bee, WTO HaxojjHTCH BO BcejieHHofi. Bor ecTB WH3HB H n p n c y T C T B y e T BO B c e M c y m e c T B y i o i i i e M H paBHO npHcyTCTByeT—noKpoBHTejiBCTByeT, KaK wejiOBeKy, T a K H caMOH MajieHBKOH nTHWKe HJIH HaceKOMOMy, H noTOMy --CKa3aji a , ~ B o r , KOTOPOTO MM WTHM, 6e3MepHO B e j i H K H oSuiHpeH H BMecTHTB Ero B K a K y i o JIH6O p a M K y HeB03-M o a t H O , a TeM M e H e e H3o6pa3HTB Ero. Bora BO3MO»CHO TOJIBKO ouiyniaTB nyuioK), cepjjiieM H BMpawaTB Ero CBOHCTBO JI1060BBI0 KO BceMy scHBynieMy, B KOTOPOM MM BpamaeMCH. nonoB SMJIO iiiecTb w e j i O B e K ; TOBOPHJI co MHOH OJJHH, HO non KOHen. OHH Bee 3 a r o B o p H J i H ; H o6paTHJi H X BHH-MaHHe Ha UiyM ITpOH3BOJJHMHH HMH; CO MHOH COTJiaCHJIHCB H cjiyiuaTejiH JIWJJH. nonbi JJOUDIH jja T a K o r o BOJIHGHHH , WTO OJJHH H3 HHX Bbipa3HJicH: „noKa#cH HaM CBoero Bora HJIH JIK)6OBB!" Ha TaKOH Bonpoc, HeKOTopue H3 JiwiieH Hawe paccMenjiHCB. 51 oTBeTHJi Ha STOT Bonpoc: „BM noBTopneTe CJiOBa <I>apHceeB, KOTopue 6MJIH npejjJioweHM XpncTy; HO H yBepeH, WTO BH noHHMaeTe, WTO 3HawHT „jiio6oBb", HO TOJIBKO He xoTHTe HcnoBejjHBaTB ee, a T a K x c e , H3 3 a BHrojjH MaTepnajiBHOH, r i e p w H T e B T e M H O T e H JIIOJjeH" . .. . 145 HextaBHO OT ponHbix npHe3»caJT KO M H e qenoBeK. Ycnen BOHTH B KBapTHpy H noSbin He 6oJiee IIHTH M H H y T , Ha6e-acann n o j i H i i e n c K H e H yBejiH norj; apec.T. ^epe3 noji^aca O T n p a B H J i H no 3Tany. IlacnopTa y Hero He 6bmo. JJ,yxo6opii.aM He BBixtaioT n a c n o p T O B . . . TaKne noe3flKH H Haxoacy coBepmeHHo nniuHnMH. Ho MaTb MOH cTapyuiKa, CHJibHo SecnoKOHTCH H He HOBe p H e T name n n c b M a M , n o H SCHBOH. 3TOT qenoBeK, XOTH no 3Tany n He CKOPO nonneT, HO cKaaceT en, n o Bnnen MeHH. .. . B „Mnpe EOKBHM" 6fain noMemeH OTieT o Ka3aHCKOM Cbe3ne MHCcnoHepoB nonoB. XapaKTepeH Bonpoc, nocTaBJieHHHH HMH, n o 6 u oT6npaTB OT ceKTaHTOB neTen! Ton&KO 3a T e M neno H ETajio, n o H e T noMe-meHHfil BcHKHe TOJiKOBaHna no STOMy noBOfly H3JIHIUHH. JKypHan „MHP EoacHH11 B 06jiopcKe n o j i y ^ a e T C H . fi Torna nocjiaji B p.eflaKiiHio nncBMo, oTHOCHTen&HO CBe3fla. Konnio npHCBinaio B a M . . . BalUH CO^IHHeHHfl HaUIJTH B Cbe3fle O q e H B BpeXtHBlMH! . . . fla H npaBxry CKa3aTB Haxco: BBI MHOTO 3a STO BpeMH pa3o6jiaiHJiH HenpaBnbi. B ocoSeHHOCTH norm CHJibHo Ha Bac cepflHTbi, na n HMeioT npaBO, noTOMy n o Bbi CBOHMH „ManeHBKHMH BpounppKaMH" H e no3BOJifleTe 6onee BOJiKaM npHKpbiBaTBCH OBe^ben uiKypoH. . . n e p e f l a f i T e n y i u e B HHIH n p u B e T B c e M o p a T B H M H c e c T p a M no nyxy. JKejiaio BaM Bcero xopoiuero. neTp BepnrHH. K TOMy ace BpeMeHH, SnaronapH JIH nncBMy neTpa BacHJib-eBH^a K HMnepaTpnue AjieKcaHflpe POMaHOBOH, HJIH He npeKpama-IOIIIHXCH xoflaTaficTB pa30cnaHHbix ,nyxo6opneB, 6bino nepenaHo qepe3 B a c H J i H H noTanoBa cnejjyiomee p e m e H n e npaBHTeJibCTBa: no noBony xoxtaTancTBa ee HMnepaTpH^ecKoro Benn-ie c T B a TocynapHHH HMnepaTpHiibi AneKcaHnpu <E>enopoBHU, jjyxoSopuaMH-nocTHHKaMH, BbiceneHHux B 1895 rony H3 AjixajiaKCKoro H xtpyrnx ye3xi;oB TH$nHCCKOH rySepHHH, o crpynnHpoBaHHH 03HaieHHbix n y x o S o p n e B - n o c T H H K O B Ha acHTejiBCTBO B OHHOM nocejieHHH c OCBOdOaCTJ,eHHeM OT BOHHCKOH noBHHHocTH HJIH ace o pa3penieHHH BCeM HM 146 BHcexiHTbCH 3a rpaHHiiy nocJiejjpBajio pacnopnweHHe: 1. OcBoSowiieHHe HX OT BOHHCKOH IIOBHHHOCTH Heyno-BJieTBOpeHO . 2. J 4 y X 0 6 0 P L I b I - n 0 C T H H K H , 3a H C K J I I O W e H H e M K O H e W H O , HaxoiimiiHXCH B npn3HBHOM BospacTe H He HcnojiHHBuiH BOHHCKOH n O B H H H O C T H , M o r y T 6HTB y B O J i e H b i 3a rpaHHiiy npn ycjiOBHH: a) nonyweHHH 3arpaHHWHoro nacnopTa B y c T a H O B x t e H H O M n o p n j j K e , 6) Bbie3iia H3 npeiiejioB POCCHH Ha coScTBeHHBiH cweT H B) BHfla^H npn Btae3iie n o j j n H C K H o HeB03BpaiiieHHH BnpejJB B npenejibi KMnepHH, HMen B BHJJV, B cjiywae He HcnojiHeHHH cero nocJieiiHero nyHKTa, BHHOBHblH nOJJBepraeTCH BblCblJIKe B OTJJaJieHHHe M e C T H O C T H -XoflaTaHCTBO w e H X O crpynnnpoBaHHH Ha WHTGJIBCTBO B OJJHOM cejieHHH He yBaxceHo. ( B . A . CyxopeB, „HCTOPHH flyxoSopiieB", CTp. 1 0 9 . ) H3 TaKHX ycjiOBHH HejiB3H n p e j j B H J j e T B SjiaronpHHTHoro B b i x o r t a H3 3 a T p y j j H e H H H , — n p e / 4 B a p H T e j i B H O pa3opHB H X RO ocHOBa-HHH, pyccKoe n p a B H T e J i B C T B O peuiHJio pa3peuiHTB jjyxo6opiiaM BblCejIHTBCH „Ha CBOH CpeflCTBa", HJIH We O C T a T B C H Ha MecTax WHTeJIBCTBa, H O „C npHHHTHeM BOHHCKOH nOBHHHOCTH". flpyrHMH CJIOBaMH, XiaJIH HM 6e3BHXOJJ.HbIH BHXOJJ.. K cwacTHio JJJIH Bcex cTpajjaioiiiHX xryxoSopiieB, eme 3a Mecnii nepe/4 TeM KaK JleB HHKOJiaesHw nojiywHJi nocneiiHee n n c B M O OT IleTpa BacHJiBeBHwa H He cnpaLUHBan y npaBHTeJiBCTBa HH KaKHX JiBroT K npHTOTOBJieHHio JJJIH BbiceJieHHH, JleB HHKOJiaeBH'w ciiejiaji Bee HapoflHoe o6paweHHe, KOTopoe UIHPOKO pacnpocTpaHHJi nor* B 03 3 BaHHeM „ nOMOrHTE ! " , B KOTOPOM OH HpKO OCBeTHJI nonoweHHe j a y x o 6 o p i i e B 3 a KaBKa30M H npocHJi Bcex cocTpajjarouiHX HM, O K 3 3 3 T B HM noMoniB H HeMeiiJieHHyio BO3MOWHOCTB K nepecejieHHio. Ha STO o 6 p a T H J i H BHHMaHHe KBaKepbi B AHTJIHH, H TaK KaK OJJHH H3 Jjpy3en ToJiCToro, BJiajjHMHp rpnropBeBHW ^ l e p T K O B , HaxojJHJicn B AHTJIHH, 147 TO y Hero H opraHH30Bajicn KOMHTGT no OKa3aHHio noMoinn iryxo-6opiiaM. H TaK Ha npH3BIB JlBBa HHKOJiaeBHwa ToJiCToro nocTynHJiH cpeiicTBa, — KBaKepbi noMorjiH BbicextHTB, B aBrycTe 1898 roii a , Ha Knnp 1126 jjyxoSopiieB H3 a 3 H a T C K H X ayjioB, KOTopBie no3JJHee nepeexaxtH B KaHany. 3.000 rcyui H3 EjiH3aBeTnojiBCKOH rySepHHH BbiexajiH B KaHaxty Ha CBOH cpejjcTBa. 4.000 flyui nepecejiHxtHCB B KaHaxty B 1899 roiry. Bcero, 8.000 xiyiii nepeceJiHjiHCB B KaHany. 148 V BOCnOMHHAHHH 0 BEPMTHHE COBPEMEHHO C nOCJIEflOBATEJIBHOH ErO PAEOTOH B KAHAflE no nepeceJieHHK) nyxoGopiieB B KaHany B 1899-1902 r r . H BepurHHa K HHM B 1902 r . , HCTOPHH jiyxoeopiieB npononxcaeTCH norj, xteHTejTBHocTBH) jTH^Horo pyKOBOflHTexiBCTBa neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a. nonpo6Hoe onncaHHe pa3BHTHH STOH HCTOPHH, nbSynHBineHBcBOHCT-BeHHyio eft xiHTepaTypy, noTpeSyeT nenyio HHCcepTaiiHio. 3necB MOJKHO JIHIUB BOCnpOH3BeCTH BOCnOMHHaHHH O JieHTeJIBHOCTH BepH-rHHa B KaHane, o ';neflTenBHocTH nyxoeopiieB non ero JIHMHBIM pyKOBOJj;HTeJIBCTBOM--X(yX06opq:eCKHMH H nOCTppOHHHMH ITHCaTeJIHMH: 1) B 1906 rony, BepnrHH H conyTCTByioiUHe c HHM MononBie nyxoSopnu—npoacHBiiiH B KaHane eeMB JieT—npH6bijiH B neT.ep6ypr. no KaKOH npn^HHe? ClHTaflCB C OSCTOHTeJIBCTB aMH H 3 - 3 a 3 e M e j i B H o r o -Bonpoeav-2oSH3:aHHOCTH IIPHHHTHH npHCHTH.?::^iT©6bi BnaneTB 3eMjreK) (He OSHIHHHO) H xrpyrHMH BonpocaMH (KOTopbie p a 3 j r a r a j i H oSniHHy) BCTpeTHBiiiHMHCH B KaHane, neTp BacHJiBeBHa HMeji HajieMCBy flOCTurHyTB p a 3 p e m e H H e Ha B03BpameHHe Bcex nyxoSopiieB B POCCHM. (HCT. flyx. CyxapeBa, CTp. 132.) KaK »ce OH ocMejiHBaJicH cnpauiHBaTB B03BpameHHH B POCCHIO, KOTopaH ceMB K O P O T K H X JieT TOMy Ha3ajj BbicejiHJia jjyxoSopiieB 6e3B03BpaTHO Ha CBOH C i e T H 3 pyCCKOH 3eMJIH? 06 3 T O M nnuieT npocpeccop r . KJIOMKOB: neTp BepHTHH B neTep6ypr?e PeBOJiioiiHH 19 0 5 rona M e n n e H H O yxonHna B r i a n B . . . MaHHCfecT 17-ro anpenn o CBo6onax npo3Byq:aJi no BceMy 149 ivmpy. 3Ta 6naran BecTB npoH3Bena rpoManHoe Bne^aT-jieHne B H y T p H POCCHH H 3a e e npenenaMH. CBoSona coBeeTH, npoB03rjiameHHaH MaHHcfecTOM, nana BO3MO»C-H O C T B M H O r H M B3flOXHyTB CB060HHO, BCefi JjyiUOK) X O T B Ha KopoTKoe BpeMH. IIpeKpaTHJiHCB npecj i er iOBaHHH, no CKHTSM CTaJlH IipOHBJIHTb „OKa3aTeJlBCTBa" , 3aKpbl-JIHCB cy3JjanBCKHe TiopeMHbie-norpe6a, 6epnHHCKHe SecnonoBiibi oTopBann npHKaJio^eHHyio nBepB MoneHHOH. Bepywinne raonn noBepnnH, n o HacTynnna nopa, Korjia MOHCHO MOJIHTBCH no-coBecTH, B iiyxe H HCTHHe. noBe-pnnn STONT/ H pyccKne H3rHaHHHKH 3a p e n H T H 0 3 H b i e ySeac-RBHHH. c T p a n a B i u H e B POCCHH H 6e»caBiiiHe 3a r p a H H i i y H C K 3 T B CB060fly. noBepnnH H Hyxo6opu,H, H3rHaHHBie B KaHariy. IIOBe-PHJI H IleTp BepHTHH. IlOCOBeT.QBaJICH C SpaTBHMH H SnHMCHHMH H noexaji B POCCHH), B ponHyio c T p a H y . npnexanH B IleTepSypr. . . HaiaJiocB xoscneHHe no pasHHM KaHriejinpHHM H BJIHH-TenBHBiM moxtHM. MeHH IleTp BepHTHH noceTHJi H no C T a p U M HaillHM O T HOIIieHHHM H n O T O M y , 1 T O H 6bUI co-pejaaKTopoM „C I I e T e p 6 y p r c K H X BeflOMOCTeH", H3flaTen& KOTOPBIX KHH3B <I>. Cj>. YXTOMCKHH 6bin KOTfla T O O ^ e H B 6JIH3KHM K HHKonaw I I lejioBeKOM, n y T e u i e c T B O B a n c HHM KpyroM cBeTa, H a n n c a n SonBiune KHHTH 06 STOM nyTeniecTBHH H c^HTancn eme npcTaTO^HO c n n B H b i M npHJIBOpHBIM. B n e f i C T B H T e n B H O C T H STO 6BIJIO H e coBceM T a K . Ha flpyrofi fleHB no npHe3,ne neTp BepHTHH cnuen y MeHH 3a CTOJIOM H B Secene 3a ^ a n i K O H ^ a a roBopHJi o CBOHX 3anaq:ax. OHH 6unn o ^ e H B cnoscHbi. OH TOBOPHJI: . .„BepHeMCfl Mbi B POCCHK) HJIH H e T ? Bee 3 a B H C H T O T T O r O , H a C K O J I B K O MOKHO n O B e p H T B B TO, 1 T O M a H H C j e C T o CBo6oxj,ax coBeeTH 6yrj,eT p e a J i B H O C T B . " H peKOMeHHOBan H e B03JiaraTB 6onBiiiHX Haneacn. Ha fleficTBHTejiBHoe sHaieHHe MaHH<f>ecTa, TaK K a K Hano OJKHnaTB CHnBHeHUierO n p O T H B O X i e H C T B H H CO CTOpOHbl oqeHB BJiHHTeJiBHofl rpynnbi nnii, BHAHIUHX B M a H H $ e c T e „peBOJiioiJ,HK)". n. BepHTHH y*ce ycnen CHJIBHO nponn-TaTBCH aMepHK a H C K H M H CBOSOHaMH H aMepHKaHCKHMH COIIHanBHblMH HaBblKaMH . — i,To, n o naHO,—yBepeHHo r o B o p n n O H , — T O OTHHTB HejiB3H. 3TO naHO CTpanaiomeMy Hapony H HyxcHO eMy. 150 A TO, WTO Haporiy HyacHO, TO IJOJDKHO 6BITB yjjoBJieTBopeHO. MaHHcJecT He cnoco6cTByeT peBOjnoiiHH, a npejjOTBpawaeT ee. 3TO cnacHTeJiBHHH MaHHc&ec.T. OH HMGHHO npoTHB peBOjnoiiHH, a He JJJTH Hee." H 3 peweii n. BepnrHHa 6BIJIO HCHO BHJJHO, WTO OH npeirwyBCTByeT HaiiBHraioiiiyiocH 6ypio B POCCHH . . . H C H O C T B H W H C T O T a M b l C J I H 6bIJIH O T J I H W H T e J I B H O H W e p T O H Bcex ero BBicKa3BiBaHHH.. .. . OH MHOTO TOBOPHJI O n o J i o s c e H H H j j y x o 6 o p i i e B B KaHajje. . . ^ y B C T B O B a J i o c B , WTO c y j J B 6 a poflHOH O6WHHBI rjiy6oKO Tporana ee pyKO-BOflHTejia. . . H3 KaHaflBi Ha/jo 6BIJIO yexaTB. . . IleTp BepHTHH yJJHBHTeJIBHO X O p O L U O TOBOPHJI Ha 3Ty TeMy. HCHO, rjiy6oKo — npoHHKHOBeHHo, cepjjewHo xapaK-TepH30BaJI OH 6e3BBIXOJJHOCTB nOJIOateHHH . . . CJiOBa „BparH" H He cjiBimaji y Hero. . . TJiaBHbiH Bpar 6BIJI 6e3JiHweH. . . OH jjaBHJi cBoen rpoMaflOH, cBoen HJJQ-BHTOH pa3JiaraiomeH 3apa30il, c KOTOPOH HHKaK HejiB3H 6opoTBCH. 3TO SbiJia HHOeKiiHH aMepHKaHCKOH K y j i B T y p b i H rocyjjapcTBeHHOCTB, He T a K a a rpySan KaK B POCCHH, HO H e M e H e e C T p a u m a H . . . flOKa3aTejiBCTBa 6BIJIH H a JIHIIO. H H X B H j j e J i HCHO. CHMnTOMBi HeKoero n e p e p o a q i e H H H neTp BepnrHH npHBe3 c C 0 6 0 1 0 , — c HHM npnexajio HecKOJiBKo wejiOBeK jjyxo6op-w e c K O H MOJiojj.excH. OHH w a c T e H B K O BBIXOJJHJIH B KyxHio H H K O p p H f l O p n O K y p H T B ! O J J H H H3 H H X T O B O p H J i : — ,,H c j i y a c y H a »cejie3HOH flopore. MHe H e nxioxo. Xoponio 3 a p a 6 a T b i B a i o . HH B w e M H e H y a c j j a i o c B . " --„A jjyMaeTe 0 nepee3Jje B POCCHIO?" — „H... He 3Haw! TaM KaK 6yjjTO 6ojiBuie 3HaKOMO, w e M 3 j j e c B . MHe, n p a B i r y C K a 3 a T B , n o - M o e M y , TO ec.TB, no KaHaflCKH H TOBOPHTB Jierwe, weM no B a m e M y , no 3JjeiiiHeMy. " — „Pa3Be BBI nopBajiH c iiyxooopiiaMH? 1 1 — „HeT. Ho H yace npHBBiK K npyroH acH3HH. " — „A ecjin npHfleTCH BepHyTBCH Ha3a/j. B oSmHHy?" — „KaK BaM cKa3aTB?.. He 3Haio, He rtyMaji. nojiaraio, W T O aCHTB MOXCHO H T a M H TaM." Bcex MOHX pa3roBopoB c MOJiojjeacBio . H He Mory nepeiiaTB. 151 0 HHX MCOKHO norariaTBCH. TopoflCKaH KyjiBTypa KaHarra Bonura B ruiOTB H K P O B B MOJIOJJBIX jjyxo6opiieB H npoBeJia B H X p y i u a x pa3iiejiHTeJiBHyK> JIHHHIO. OHH 6BIJIH yxce He KpenKHe, n o n H cpaHaTHqHbie nocjieflOBaTexiH onpeflejreH-H O r O MHpOB033peHHH, a JIWJJH nOJIOBHH^aTBie , KOJie6JIK)-iHHecH, paciieHHBaioiuHe o6e CTOPOHH. . . npn n. BepnrHHe MOJione>KBoo.6biKHOBeHHp,>flMOJj:q:ajia_:HJiH orpaHH^HBajiacB K P A T K H M K pemiHKaMH. OH OTHOCHJICH K HHM T e p n e j i H B O , HHorjja c o ^ y B C T B e H H O , HHorfla c 6JiaroflyiiiHOH u p o H H e f i , HO 6BIJIO HCHO, n o STO Bee SBIJIO roBopeHo H n e p e r o B o p e H O , cyxceHO-nepecyxceHO. OflHaacjjBi Bonpoc KocHyjiCH jieHer. ORHH H3 MOJIOBBIX ByxoSopiieB 3aHBHJi: — MEBIJIH 6 JieHBrn! C jieHBraMH B ce MOXCHO . " „ K p O M e n p a B H J I B H O H M S H H " , O T B e T H J I I I . B e p H T H H . — n^eM xteHBTH MemaioT? BeaB jxyMaeM ace . . . K y r i H T B H 3eMJTK) f H O p y j J H H , H C K O T . " — „y Hac Bii6aHKe XIHTB MHJIJIHOHOB,— 3aHBHJi xtpyroH. — 3 T O KanHTaJi. Ha Hero MBI H B Epa3HJiHH H B Coerxn-HeHHBIX UlTaTaX yCTpOHMCH." „B Epa3HJlHH KJlHMaT HenOflXOflflBlHH", 3 aMeTHJI n. BepHTHH. — „KaHaxta xyace KaBKasa, a BOT acHBeM ace. H B HpyroM MecTe 6yrj,eM acHTB" [CKJIOHHOCTB MOJioneacH K CBo6oflHH^ecTBy.—T.M.K.]. PaaroBop npHHHMaji HenpHHTHbift y K J i O H . . . OH 6UJI npoflOJiaceHHeM H OTTOJTOCKOM itpyrnx paH&uiHX 6ecerj,, H e npHBOflHBiiiHX HH K ^eMy onpeneJieHHOMy, HO ceHBiiiHX HextOBOJiBCTBo H MOCTHBUIHX rj,opoacKy K pas/saity,. neTp BepHTHH HCKaJi nyTen K yKpenjieHHK) jj;yxo6op-•qecKoro SBiTa, Ha HcnuTaHHbix,. jjyxo6opq:ecKOH HCTopHefi, o6pa3ax a c H 3 H H . OH caM SHUI co3.naTe.neM yxce OKpenmnx TpaxtHLiHH. MononexcB, noBHflHMOMyf 6ecco3HaTeji&HO pa3pyniana S T H TpannnHH H npnqHHHJia n. BepnrHHy ~ TJiy6oKyK) xtymeBHyio 6OJIB. . . B KpaTKOH 3aMeTKe HeB03MoacHo nepenaTB Bee SecenBi C n. BepHTHHblM H eTO CnyTHHKaMH. KHH3B $ . <J>. YXTOM-CKHH npHJIOaCHJl MHOTO yCHJIHH f 1 T 0 6 H yjJOBJieTBOpHTB 3anpoc neTpa BepHTHHa. EBIJIH yKJIOHIHBbie odeinaHHa. 152 C B H T e H L U H H CHHOJ4 KOHeWHO peUJHTeJIBHO BbICK 3.3 aJICH npoTHB. MaHH$ecT He noMoraJi. . . B npOmaJIBHBIH BH3HT II. BepHTHH 6bIJI 3 3MeTHO nojJ3BjieH. . . — „B weM see jjejio? n o Bac 03a6owHBaeT?" — „MHoroe." BepnrHH 6e3HajjexcHO pa3BeJi pynaMH. . . — „BepHee OJJHO: Bepa Bepoft, peJiHTHH peJiHrneft, a nojiHiieHCKHH ycTaB ocTaeTcn cTeHoft HepyuiHMOft." — „Mox<eT 6HTB, H OH noiiBeprHeTCH SBOXOOLIHH." „HH 3BOJII0IIHH, HH peB OJIKDLIHH . MHe CKa3 3JIH: flJIH BaC Mbi He MOXCeM MeHHTB HHCTpyKIIHK) JJJIH HCnp3BHHKOB . " „fl B3M 3TO TOBOPHJI. nOJJOWJJHTe . " — „ n o Jjeji3TB? JKxtaTB H He Mory. fl3 H He BH5Ky HeoSXOJJHMOCTH. ECJIH Mbi nOCeJIHMCH B CH6HpH, 3TO 6yjj;eT HCXOJJ Ha 1^"^ r o r l a / a noTOM n p H n e T C H H C K S T B HOByK) 3aMJIK) H HOBbie nOpHJJKH . " — „OweHb r p y c T H O , WTO BH He B e p H T e B Hauie 6yxry-uiee. JlywuiHe WSHHHH pyccKHX xopomnx jnojjen nocTeneHHO 6epyT Bepx." — „Koriia OHH BO3BMyT Bepx, MH, MoxceT 6HTB, H npneneM B POCCHIO. A nona". . . OH noxcaji njiewaMH. PaHBiue MH y»ce TOBOPHJIH O peBOjnoiiHH H ee BO3MO»C-HOCTHX . H WyBCTBOBaJI, WTO IleTp BepHTHH 6HJI xtaJieK OT MHCJieH o peBOJiKHJHH. fla OHa, BepoHTHO, SHjia eMy He no xryuie, TaK KaK npoTHBopewHJia BceMy TeweHHio ero J J V X O B H O H HaCTpoeHHOCTH . PeBOJIKDIIHOHep JJ.yXOBHHX BHCOT , OH 6HJI WyXCJJ. nOJIHTHWeCKHX peBOJlKJIIHOHHHX HH3HH H 60JIOT. ,,3eMJiH JKHJieii 3eMHoro wyw/j.." MH npocTHJiHCB. MHe 6HJIO THweJio, H H xoTeJi C K a -3aTb eMy, WTO TO yTeuiHTeJibHoe Ha npowaHbe: „BepbTe B POCCHK). OHa XOpOUiaH H B C e X n p H K J T H T . " — „H Bcerjja o Heft MOJIIOCB." npocj). r . KJIOWKOB, n. BepnrHH B n. (^ 3 „flyxo6opuu", n. H. MajiOB, CTp. 571-576.) 153 2) B 190 3 r o j j y iiyxobopiibi n p n HHJIH B K a H a n e 3eMJU0, 2025 ctapM, 3anJiaTHBUiH 20.250 /JOJinapoB— n o 10-H j J O J i n a p o B rocyiiapcTBeHHoro HaJiora H a KajKJjbift y w a c T O K . OHH coxtepwajiH 3 T y 3eMJTK) B o6nieM noJiB30BaHHH. nocjie TpexJieTHero BJiajjeHHJi 3eMneH, jjyxo6opiibi o6pa30BajiH Ha Heft COPO'K pyccKnx rpoMaiiHbix c e J i . BHIJIH BbicTpoeHbi xopouiHe jjOMa, aMdapbi, KOHKILUHH. OWHCTHJIH H pa3pa6oTajiH 3eMJiio. IIOCTPOHJIH weTbipe n a p o s b i x MextBHHii K npHo6pexiH weTtape n a p o B 0 3 a c M O J i o T H j i K a M H . >KHJIH KOMMyHajiBHBiM o6pa30M H pa6oTajiH c o o 6 u i a . Bee STO HanoMHHaeT o coBpeMeH-HOCTH BJIHHHHH I I . B. B e p H T H H a , TaK K a K OH J j a B a J I C O B e T B l H Ha6jiiortaji XOJJ Jiyxo6opwecKoro flBHseHHH. Ho B TO see caMoe BpeMH 6biJiH H ripena TCTBHH : BO nepBbix, OT BHyTpeHHero xtaBJieHHH c o CTOPOHBI „cBo6ojJHHwecTBa" HeKOToptax WJieHOB B OSfflHHe H BO BTOpHX, OT BHeUIHerO J-iaBJieHHH H a o6uiHHy c o CTopoHbi KaHaxtcKoro H a w a j i B C T B a . B e p H y B i i i H C B H3 POCCHH B 1906 r o i r y , B e p n r H H yBH/jeJi KaK j j e f t C T B O B a j i H 3TH TopM03a Ha oduiecTBeHHbift XOJJ jjyxo6opwecKoro j j B H w e H H H . K a H a j j c K H H I H H O B H H K HJKOHCOH M a K - f l y r a j i yxce y c n e j i o S t e x a T B s e e jj.yxo6opwecKHe ceJia H BpywHTB B c e M wjieHaM o6uiHHbi S j i a H K H T p e S y i o u i H e OT K a w j j o r o wjieHa, WTO6BI OH n o j j npHcnrof t BnHcaJi CBoe HMH, c T a j i S p H T a H C K H M no/j.jjaHbiM, npHHHJi CBOH ywacTOK (160 aKpoB) 3eMJiH H, JIHWHO o6pa6aTbiBaH e r o , JKHJI Ha HeM. IIOBHJ4HMOMy, KaK STO noHHMajiH j j y x o 6 o p n . b i , IieJIB coBpe-MeHHoro KaHaxicKoro npaBHTejiBCTBa 6biJia flBOHKan: npHBJiewB Bcex j j . y x o 6 o p i i e B K H X r p a x i i a H C K H M o6H3aHHOCTHM n p n H H T H S M n p n c H r n - -1 5 4 O T K O T O p O H O H H OTK3.3 3J1HCB B P O C C H H H, B I T O XCe C a M O e BpeMH, nOfldBHTB B H H X 3apOJJBIffl KOMMyHajIBHOH 5 K H 3 H H , K O p H H K O T O p O H 6bMH nocaxceHBi BepHrHHBiM B 3aKaBKa3Be, Koxopue OHH npHBe3JiH c CO6OH B KaHaxty. HTO6HI 3anojiHHTB KaxcnuM -qj ieHOM 6naHK non npncHroH, nocnocoScTBOBano 6BI STOH K y^Ke pyccKHX ceKTaHTOB, no onHHO^Ke, a C C H M H J I H p O B a T b C H C XCHTenHMH C T p a H b l , no 3 a K O H y C T p a H B I, a n e no n p H H u n n a M H n o y q e H H i o Hncyca XpncTa, K a K OHH STO n o H H M a n n . flyxoeopuBi O T K a 3 a j i n c b 3 a n o n H H T b 6naHKH H n o H B e p r n n c B ^nHuieHHio npaB Ha B J i a n e H H e 3 2 0 . 0 0 0 a K p o B 3 e M J i H . B H a i a f t e 1 9 0 7 rona, n e T p BacHJibeBHi B c o n p o B o x c n e H H H c C e M e H O M PBI6HHBIM n o n b i c K a n H H, BO HMH O6IHHHBI, Kynnnn 3 e M n i o y q a c T H H X JIHIJ H 3 e M e j i b H b i x BnaflenBueB B B p H T a H C K O H KonyMSHH, H flpyrnx M e c T a x . 3 a T e K y m n e 1 2 neT Sbino K y n n e H O B BpHTaHCKOH KonyMgHH, B AjTBgepTe H B CacKaieBaHe 6 7 . 3 4 0 a K p o B 3 e M n n Ha $ 4 , 4 5 0 , 8 2 0 . B B p H T a H C K O H KonyM6HH c BenHKHM TpynoM 6bina pacqnmeHa s e M J i H OT n e p B o 6 b i T H o r o J i e c a , 6bino n o c a s e H o 5 0 . 0 0 0 c f p y K T O B b i x flepeBbeB H 6bina nocTpoeHa K O H c e p B H a n OaSpHKa CTOHMOCTBK) B $ 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 . Bo B c e x T p e x MecTax n o f l B H J i n c b : n o c T p o H K H , XCHBOH H MepTBBIH H H B e H T a p B , T O p T O B O - n p O M B H i m e H H B i e npeiinpHHTHH, M e J I b H H U H , J i e c o n H J i K H , T o p r o B B i e M a r a 3 H H B i , <J>a6pHKH, s n e B a T o p b i , c a n t i , O r o p O J I H SonBIUHe n O C T H X C e H H H p a 3 B H T H H 0 6 m H H H O - K O M M y H a J I B H O r O XO3HHCTB a SbinH flocTHrHyTH q e p e 3 6onBiiiyio Bepy rnoflen B Hen JKHBymnx. TaKOH ycnex MOXCHO n p H n H C B i B a T B TOJIBKO SonBiuon B e p e r j , y x o 6 o p q e c K o r o Hapona, n o OHH c T p e M n n n c B He T O J i b K O K 155 MaTepnaxtBHOH HastHBe, a K JJVXOBHOMV coBepweHCTBy B 6 p a T C K O H JKH3HH B c e x jnoneft Ha 3eMne. „Tpyn H M H p H a n K H 3 H B " cjiywHT jio3yHroM iryxoSopiieB H B Hauie B p e M H . Bee H M y n i e c T B o — 3 e M j i n H Bee T B o p w e c T B O nyxo6opwecKoro Tpyjja ou,eHHBaxtHCB B $6,410,822. CHCTeMa npn neTpe BacHJiBeBnwe 6bina nocTaBJieHa TaK: KawrcbiH TpynocnocoSHbiH weJiOBeK--My»cw:HHa--onpe-jjejiHJicH Ha 3aHHTHe no HanoSHocTH B obWHHe HJIH o 6 p a 6 a T K H c a n o B , 3eMeJiB, no o 6 o p y n o B a H H i o 3 a B O f l O B H $a6pHK 7 3a CBOH Tpyjj nojiywan Heo6xoiiHMbie cpeacTBa ) K H 3 H H Ha O f l H O M ypOBHe HJIH BCeX WJieHOB, H Te, KOTOpbIM He 6BIJIO 3 aHHTHH B OSlIIHHe, nOCBIJiaJIHCB Ha nOCTOpOHHHe, TaK H a 3 b i B a e M b i e pa6oTbi BHe o6niHHbi, H HOJUKHBI 6HJIH B H O C H T B CBOH 3ap060TKH B KaCCy OSffiHHbl, OTKyfla nojiy-waJiH cpeflCTBa K JKH3HH Ha TaKHX see y c J i O B H H X , KaK H wjieHbi pa6oTaioiiiHe BHyTpn o6taHHbi. (HCT. flyx. CyxopeBa, C T P . 137.) npaBHTeJIBCTBO BpHTaHCKOH KOJiyMbHH B 1912 TOny, BblCJiaJIO K O M H C C H K ) BO3rJiaBJIHeMyi0 KOMHCCHOHepOM EJiaKMOpOM, K O T O p b l H noHPo6Ho BXOHHJI KaK B nyxoBHoe yieHHe, TaKnce H B SKOHOMHWS-CKoe pa3BHTHe nyxo6opiieB. XOTH OH HCHO BHneJi H noHHMaji p a 3 J i a r a i o[iiHe BJIHHHHH Ha oSuiHHy (OT nyxo6opiieB, KOTopue IIPHHHJIH noflflaHCTBO H OTfleJiHJiHCB OT oSuiHHbi; OT „CBO6OJHHHKOB " KOTOpbie C H J I b H O TpeBOXCHJIH OSlIlHHy CjaHaTHWeCKHMH B e p O J I O M C T B a M H ; na H OT caMoro KOMHCCHOHepa K O T O P U H npoHBJiHJi w e j i a T e J i B H O C T B cKoporo pacnaneHHH oSuiecTBeHHOH cncTeMBi) , OH B c e T a K H HMSJI B cede HOBOJIBHO SJiarOpOHCTBa, WT06bl flaTb npaBHHBblH H $aKTHieCKHH HOKJian o xapaKTepe H nenTejibHOCTH neTpa BacnjibeBnwa BepnrHHa: He n O H J i e s c H T HHKaKOMy c o M H e H n w [ T O B O P H T K O M H C C H O H e p ] WTO IleTp BepnrHH HaMepeBaeTCH BOccTaHOBHTB aflecB Ty o6uiHHHyw CHCTeMy >KH3HH, KOTOPOH cTporo noHriepxcHBajiHCB HyxoSopubi B POCCHH. 3Ta 3anawa TpyHHO ocymecTBHMaH, 156 H o6cToHTexibCTBa He npeflBemaroT y c n e x . . . C Maiepn-aJlBHOH T O M K H 3peHHH IjyXOSOpiIbl B BpHTaHCKOH KOJiyiVlSHH yxce J40Ka3axiH, n o npn OSUIHHHOH c H C T e M e OHH B COCTO-H H H H O^HmaTB H K y J I B T H B H p O B a T B 3eMJIH , pa3BHB3Tb npoH3BOJJCTBO H HaKonjiHTB 6 o r a T C T B a B CojTBUieH nponop-I I H H , MeM JJOCTynHO OTJienBHblM JIHUaM. Ho Bonpoc B TOM: KaK n o n r o 60JTBLUHHCTBO SyneT npononxcaTB HaKanjiHBaTB cocTOHHHe nnn o6mHHbi, a He AJIH ce6n [no flyxo6opiecKH: o6fflHHa cymecTByeT paBHO JIJIH Kaxcnoro B H e n ] . H STO ecTB Kxnoq: K TenepeuiHeMy nonoxceHHio. KoMHCCHOHep OTjj;aeT cnpaBef lJ iHBOCTB neTpy BacnnBeBH^y, B ero HCKpeHHen npH3HaTenBHOCTH K nneany oSiUHHbi H T O B O P H T : TyT xce cnenyeT npH3HaTB, n o neTp BepnrHH npejiaH H H T e p e c a M cBoen O6IUHHBI, H KaK BHJIHO . . . OH HHKorjja H e C T a p a n c H n p e c n e n o B a T B CBOH j i H ^ H H e HCTepecbi, K p o M e ynpoq;eHHH CBoero nonoxceHHH KaK maBbi o6iqHHbi. 3TO nocjiejiHee oScTOHTenBCTBO npHBOflHT Hac K oScyxciieHHio Bonpoca o ero JTHMHHIX O T H o m e H H H x c nyxoSopiiaMH, ocoSeHHo H X nenoBbix O6OPOTOB, p a c n o p n x c e H H H H X K a n H T a n a M H . K o M H C C H O H e p xtanBine ynoMHHaeT, n o neTp B e p H T H H 6bin oieHB a K K y p a T e n no O T H o u i e H H i o K HOBepeHHBIM eMy $HHaHcaM, H B ero K O H T o p e BenacB O T i e T H O C T B : H Ha caMOM j j e j i e TpynHO noBepHTB, no6bi T a K O H flenoBHTbifi qenoBeK, KOTOPHH CTOJIBKO nyTyiuecTBOBan H CTOJIBKO B H f l e n , H KOTOPBIH ycnen xopomo H3 yMHTB y C J I O B H f l XCH3HH B KaHane H X a p a K T e p K O H C T H T y i l H O H H O r O p e x c H M a Mor 6bi j j o n y c r a T B , n o o6m,HHHaH CHCTeMa MoxceT no CT OHH HO cymecTBOBaTB B HameH cpene. HecMOTpa Ha x c e n a T e n B H O C T B CKoporo pacnajjeHHH O6UJ,HHHOH C H C T e M b i , K o M H C C H O H e p YHJIBKM EnaKMop 3aKaHiHBaeT CBOH noKnan., B n O J I H O M C03 H3HHH C n O C O G H O C T H , l e C T H O C T H H npenaHHOCTH Hfleajiy K o M M y H a j i B H O H XCH3HH neTpa B e p n r H H a . B 3aKJIKjqeHHH OH n n u i e T : Ho cpeiiH Bcero STOTO CTOHT JIH^HOCTB neTpa BepHTHHa B e j i H i a B O H BceMoryuie. TepneT JIH OH CBoe BJIHHHHe, K a K MOXCHO C y j J H T B no H e y H O B O J I B C T B H K ) M n a n -mero n o K O J i e H H H OSUIHHH, HJIH xce I H C J I O HenoBonBHbix T a K He3HaiHTejiBHO, n o Ha HHX He;iB3fl C M O T P C T B K a K Ha 157 n p e r t c T a B H T e j i e H o6uiHHbi, cbaKT ociaeTCH, WTO nejia o6niHHhi HaxoflHTca B p y K a x weJioBeKa, 3Haioinero C B o e nejio; weJiOBeKa, KOTOPHH Ha caMOM nejie HBJineTCH OTIIOM HJIH 3THX JTEOHSH OH HX yWHT , HaiTpaBJIHeT H o6oHPHeT, KOTopbiH coeHHHHeT B ce6e peflKoe 3HaHHe Hyxo6opiieB, H X H C T O P H H , H X BepoBaHHH H H X xapaK-Tepa, neJTOBbie CnOC06HOCTH H TeXHHWeCKHe 3 H a H H H B c e r o , WTO K a c a e T C H 3 e M j i e f l e J i H H HacTOJiBKO, WTO STO oSecnewHBaeT npeycneBaHHe H Sjiaronojiywne B c e x JKHeH, HaxoHHiiiHXCH non e r o Han3opoM, ecjiH 6bi TOJIBKO MOJKHO SblJIO „CKJIOHHTB HX K BbinOJIHeHHK) 3 3KOHOB CTpaHbi" . HacTOHiiieH n p o 6 j i e M O H—OH TOBOPHT npeny-npenHTejiBHO—RJISI npaBHTeJiBCTBa BpHTaHCKOH KojiyMSHH HBJIHIOTCH He nyxoSopiibi, a H X BOXCHB—neTp BepHrHH. TaK 3aKJiiowaeT BnaKMop B 1 9 1 2 rony CBOH noKJian n p a B H T e j i B C T B y BpHTaHCKOH KojiyMSHH. (CM. „ H C T . JJyx.", C T p . 1 2 3 - 1 3 9 ; „He B CHJie Bor", CTp. 1 9 2 - 2 5 7 . ) HcTopHwecKH roBopa, nojiHan x p H c r a a H C K a n CBoBona—T.e. cBoSoflHoe y c T p o H C T B O H n o c T a H O BJieHHe W H 3 H H B nyxe noyweHHH Hncyca XpHCTa—penKO, rne-HH6ynB, BnojiHe ocy i i i ecTB j i n e T C H B II3aKOHHo"—nocTaBjieHHOM nojiHTHwecKH-opraHH30BaHHOM oSmecTBe, naace B . T e x HaiiHOHajiBHbix o6wecTBax KOToptae X B a j i H T c n , WTO OHH CJieHyiOT TpaHHLIHHM npOnHTaHHblMH C B 0 6 0 f l O M b I C J I H e M K C B 0 6 0 H O J I K ) 6 H e M . Mepta npHHHTbie HJIH H C K J I O H S H H H nyxoSopiieB K BbinoJiHeHHKD 3aKOHOB CTpaHbi" (B P O C C H H , B KaHane) He corjiacoBbiBaJiHCB c npHHLiHnaMH xpHCTHaHCKOH CBoSoflbi. H STO TaK H noKa3biBaJiocb x p H C T O J i i o 6 H B b i M nyxo6opiiaM. Ho H-nn 3aKOHHoro" o6uiecTBa H STOTO 6HJIO HenoBOJibHo: 6bIJIH H nOnblTKH K „ CK JIOHeHHHM1' , KOTOpbie H 6 TOJIbKO He 6bIJIH XpHCTHaHCKHe, HO H 6bIJIH COBCeM H e 3 a K O H H b i e . noHodHbie npHMepbi HOKa3biBaioTCH TeonopoM BepeHflceHOM, acHTejieM BpHJiJ inaHTa, B. K. B nncBMe K penaKTopy ..HejicoH H103", 1 9 1 3 r . : 158 Cyrtapb: Ha CTpaHHiiax nocjieiiHHX HOMepoB BameH ra3eTU 6BIJIO MHoro CKasaHO o nyxoSopiiax. EyxtywH cocextOM S T H X jno/jeH, co BpeMeHH HX IIPHSHTHH B EpHTaHCKyio KoJiyMbHK), H wyBCTByio CBOHM HOJiroM onn-CaTB CBOH OnBIT f KOTOpblH H HMeJI B COnpHKOCHOBeHHH C STHMH JIIOJJBMH, H TeM OKa33TB CnpaBeilJIHBOCTB BCeM, KOTO 3TO MQXeT KacaTBCH. H posciieH B TojiJiaHflKH, WHJI B TepMaHHH H xtpyrnx wacTHX EBponbi. IIOTOM 6BIJI 3a6pomeH B CoeJJHHeHHBie UlTaTBi, noSuBaB noHeMHory no BceMy 3TOMy 3anaiiHOMy MaTepHKy, H HaKOHeii 3a6paxicH ciojja, riie. H scHBy BOT y»ce wecTHaiiiiaTB JieT. ^eTbipe rojja TOMy Ha3ajj 3/j.ecB 6bijia coBepiueHHan nycTHHH, HeaSbijio pacwHuieHHoro MecTa KpoMe Mecie^Ka Moero cocena JISHJJHca H Moero, HO H STO SBIJIO TOJIBKO MajieHBKHe njiouiajjKH. HeMHoro doJiBuie weTBipex j i e T TOMy Ha3ajj ciojja npHxajiH jj;yxo6opiiBi H TenepB OHH HMeiOT caMBie 6ojibuiHe iuiaHTaiiHH B EpHTaHCKOfi KojiyMSHH. C BeJIHKHM BOCXHUieHHeM H MOry CKa33TB , WTO OHH eCTB HaHJiywuiHe coceflH, KaKHX H HMeji B CBoefi *CH3HH. H Haxoxcy/STHX JiwrieH w ec THBIMH H jjo6pbiMH, H roBopio H STO noTOMy, WTO 3a weTBipe r o j j a K He BHjjeJi cjiywan me OHH OTHecjiHCB 6bi rpy6o xtpyr K xrpyry, Ka>KjjbiH CTapaeTCH anejJOBaTB npHMepHoil XCH3HH CBoero BejiHKoro ywHTejin: „BO3JIIO6H SJiHxcHero KaK caMoro eedH". *ITO eme M o r y cKasaTB? IIpH6jiH3HTejiBHO pa3 B MecHii H npoxoxcy no H X m i a H -TailHHM H BCHKHH pa3 yjJHBJIHIOCB , CMOTpfl Ha pe3yJIBTaTBI H X SHeprnwHoro Tpyjja. yjiywuieHHH jjeJiaioTCH BO B c e x HanpaBJieHHHx H MOXCHO C yBepeHHOCTBio cKa3aiB F WTO wepe3 HecKOJiBKO JieT BPHJIJIHam CTaHeT paeM, KOTOPBIM c a M Bor noropxtHJicH 6BI. PaHBiue weM jjyxo6opiiBi npnodpejiH KOHcepBHyio <|)a6pHKy H HMeji MajieHBKyK) nJiouiajjKy Kjiy 6HHKH , KOTopyio n cpbiBaJi H wacTB ee HOCHJI 3a ii.Be MHJIH, H SojiBiue, WTO6U npo-jjaTB no OJJHOMy jjojuiapy 3a Beirpo. H HawaJi pa30wapo-BHBaTBCH H x o i e j i Sfaijio B cnaxaTB g i y nJiouiajjKy. A KorJxa jjyxo6opiibi OTKPBIJIH CBOB $a6pHKy, OHH caMH cpu-BaioT MOH Hroixbi H nj iaTHT MHe no jjonjiapy 3a Benpo. TenepB MHe HyscHO TOJIBKO KyjiBTHBHpoBaTB nowBy jja CBe3TH COpBtaHHbie HrOJJBI JJO SJIHHCaHUieH 5K.JJ.. CTaHII.HH . H TaK H cTaJi yBejiHWHBaTB CBOK> nJiouiajjB Kjiy6HHKH c 159 c K a a c n b i M ronpM H H a x o a c y BO3MOJKHOCTB J i e r K o 3apa6a-TblBaTB fleHbrH. MHe roBopflT, I T O H npyrne KpoMe MeHH, oco6eHHo xcHTeJiH Hail 03epoM KyTHetl 6UJIH TaKace o c q a c T J i H B j r e H U H TaM 3aMe^aeTCH 6OJIBIIIOH npHpocT K J i ySHH^HBIX n n a H -TaiiHfi. BxiarojiapH Byxo6opiiaM CTOHMOCTB 3eMJiH B STOH O K p e C T H O C T H n O B H C H J I O C B O T 100 no 50 0 n p o i j e H T O B , H H cjibmiy, n o HeKOTopbie 3eMejiBHBie areHTBi c BocTOKa, c uejiBK) npoxiaacH 3eMJiH B BpHTaHCKOH KonyMSHH npo6yK>T H C I I O J l B 3 0 B a T B B p H J T B H H T flJlH n e M O H C T p a i l H H , MOJI „ B O T H a n o cnoco6Ha sra CTpaHa." . 3TO He K a a c e T C H M H e , n o 3 T H J i i O f l H „yac o^eHB HeacexiaTeJiBHBi". CaMbiM 6OJIBIUHM c^acTBeM flJiH M e H H 6BIJIO nocexceHHe nyxoSopneB B MoeM cocencTBe. KaaceTCH, MOH coceii JISHBHC nouien HO K O H i i a C B o e r o T e p n e H H H , cynn no ero C T a T B e , H H coacaneio o H e M , n o np-MiinocB eMy BOHTH B ccopy c K y ^ K o n r p H 3 H b i x KJieBeTHHKOB, KOTopbie CTOHT Hnace caMoro nnoxoro Byxodopiia. Bam KoppecnoHjjeHT T H P C T 6OHTCH, n o B TeieHHe H e c K O J i B K H x JieT n.yxo6opiJ,Bi B O 3 B M y T OpyKTOByw H H n y c -T p n i o B CBOH p y K H . Ha STO H o c M e n i o c B C K a 3 a T B , n o ecnn OHH H e B d p e T H T SonBUien K O M n e T H U H H i e M r - H T H P C T , TO OHH H a B e p H o e Bo3BMyT. Ho 6yjj,eT JIH K a K a n pa3HHij;a OT STOTO nnn r - H a TnpcTa, TaK K a K H H e n y M a i o , noSbi OH K o r n a nn6o B 0 3 p a i u a n ( B b i p a n i H B a n ) 6onBme ieM XB 3THJIO 6BI K 0 3 e Ha H O I B . H 6BI nocoBe-B T O B a j i eMy nepeciaTB K J i e B e T a T B Ha moneH, HJIH ace o G p a T H T B C f l B noM y M a n H i i i e H H b i x , npeacne *ieM y Hero nony^HTCH KOHByn&cHH M 0 3 r a . H3 Moero J i H ^ H o r o 3HaKOMCTBa c S T H M cySteKTOM H 6H c K a 3 a n , n o OH nonaceH TOBOPHTB noanenHHM o KOM 6BI TO HH Sbino. Bo BCHKOM cjiyiae H cMHTaio nyxoSop-iieB 6onee acenaTenbHHMH cocennMH y.eM ero, H H ncnpo-6oBaji O6OHX. BBI HMeeTe eme oxiHoro KoppecnoHneHTa, r-Ha Pnr6H, KOTopbif t K a a c e T C H o i e H B a c a f l H b i H no n p e n n o n o a c e H H H . OH nniiieT, n o ecnn-6u repMamibi, aHrjin^aHe H $paHij,y3bi nepecejiHJiHCB oona BMecTO nyxoSopiieB, TO BBI CMOTJIH 6bi p a c c M H T b i B a T B H a 2000 HOBHX nonnnc^HKOB [ H a HejiBCOH Hioc] . MHe K a a c e T C H , r - H pextaKTop, n o H BHacy KaK cnioHa HanojiHaeT Bam POT H BbideraeT Ha Kpan. Ho, r - H p e n a K T o p , T e H e TTPHUUIH. H ecnn 6bi riyxo6opiibi H e n p H i m i H TO H npyrne T o a c e He n p H i m i H 6H. flyxoSopiibi H e 160 nperiHTCTByiOT npHSbiTHio Tex 7000 $paHu;y30B, HeMiieB H aHrxiH^aH. no^eMy ace OHH He npnexaj iH paHBiue nyxooopiieB? HJIH eme JiyMuie-.-no^eMy ace OHH H e en.yT TenepB? MecTa MHOTO: nycTB e r i yT , qeM 6onBine TeM Becenen. H H e nyMaio n o npnGBiTHe rj,yxo6opiieB yMeHBiunno M H C n O B a i U H X nOJjnHCMHKOB , H J i e H C T B H T e J I B H O H e 3H a w KOMy noBpejj,HJin nyxoSopiifai CBOHM npnGbiTHeM B 3 T y cTpaHy. HaoSopoT, H nyMaio, n o HaceneHHe CTpaHbi B o o 6 m e H 3 B J i e K J i o H 3 S T o r o 6 o n B i u y K > nojibay. 9L 6e3 cTecneHHH Mory CKa3STB , n o no MoeMy MHeHHio nyxo-6opiJ,Bi ecTB acenaTenBHHe ( a c e n a H H H e ) JHOXIH H K p e n n fljifl K a K o f i yroflHO C T p a H B i . n o KacaeTCH BepnrHHa, TO H B fleBHTB pa3 CKopee p a c n o n o a c y c B Ha ero MHJIOCTB, MeM H a MHJIOCTB Tex, KOTopBie p y r a K T e r o . H Ha cTopoHe TOH, n o 6 u naTB Byxo6opn,aM paBnue npHBHJiernH co BceMH npyrHMH JIKABMH. Bam BepHBiH, Teonpp BepeHflceH. (nepeBoxi c aHrjiHficKoro. CM. n. H. ManoB, „flyxo6opnbi", C T P . 586.) flJifl noflpoGHoro onncaHKH J I H I H O C T H , xapaKTepa H HeHTenBHOCTH neTpa BacHJiBeBH^a BepnrHHa noTpe6yeTCH B HecKOJiBKo pa3 6onBiiiHe ycHJiHH qeM MU y a c e nonoacnjiH B STOH Been H a u i e f t rj,HCcepTaiiHH. 3 n e c B n n u i B 6 y n e T IIOCHJIBHO H yMecTHO n a T B orpaHH^eHHoe Jio6aBJieHHe B OopMe BocnoMHHaHHH o HeM ,nyxo6op-l eCKHMH H nOCTOpOHHHMH nHCaTenJIMH . neTp BacHJiBeBHa, HecoMHeHHO, SBJineTCfl OJJ;HHM H 3 caMbix HpKHX H BHrj,aK)iUHXCH n e n e n e H , He TOJIBKO B HCTOPHH nyxoSop-l e c K o r o jiBHaceHHH, HO H BO BceM pyccKOM ceKTaHCTBe. HneiiHaH corjiacoBaHHOdB Meacny ToncTBiM H BepnrHHUM B H X q;pe3BbraaHHOM H CMenoM BbicTynneHHH n p o T H B M H J i H T a p H 3 M a CHJIBHO n o m a T H y j i a TPOH pyccKoro caMonepacaBHH H npno6pena HM MHpoByio H3BecTHOCTB 161 H C J i a B y , K a K OJJHHX H 3 CaMblX C H J I B H b l X K p H T H K O B H B H J j a i O I I l H X C H n p O T H B H H K O B B O H H b l . C p a H H e r o j j e T C T B a n e T p B a c H J i B e B H W O T J i H w a J i c n BHJjaioiiiHM y M O M , SOJIbLUHMH C n O C O d H O C T H M H H CKJIOHHOCTBK) K 3peJIHM pa3MbHlI-JieHHHM. npHTOM OH HMeJI C epBe3HblH H n p a K T H W e C K H H B3rJIHJJ Ha SCH3HB H 6OJIBIIIOH HHTepeC K X03HHCTBeHHbIM JjejiaM. 06pa3OBaHHe OH nojiywHJi cpaBHHTejiBHO He6ojiBiuoe. IilKOJia S H J i a H O M a u i H H H . B 3TOH uiKOJie H3ywactH 3JieMeHTapHBie npejjMeTbi H K o r / j a K O H w a j i H r p a M M a T H K y , ii iKOJia 3 a K p B i B a j i a c B H H a w H H a j i H C b 3aHHTHH no xo3HficTBeHHbiM JjejiaM. B K)HoiiiecKHe roflbi OH nac T e J i H T f K O P O B , OBeii, naxaJi 3eMJiio, ynpaBJiHJi MejiBHHiieft H pa6oTaji B JiaBKe. BCHKHe 3 aHHTHH OH CWHTaJI BajKHblMH. B 1 8 8 1 r o x t y J l y K e p B H B a c H J i B e B H a , j j . y x o 6 o p w e c K a H p y K O B O -jjHTeJiBHHLia, B3HJia e r o K ce6e B C H P O T C K H H JJOM JJJIH B o c n H T a H H H H H 3 y w e H H H x t y x o S o p w e c K H X T p a i i H i i H i i . O H a y3HaBaJia B HeM 6OJIB-IUOH TanaHT, p e j j K y i o cnoco6HocTB e r o no xo3HHCTBy H n p e n n o w n a ero KaK 6yjj .yii iero p y K O B O J J H T e J i H n o c j i e ce6n, H j j a j i a Ha STO 3:a'B,ema'H'H.e. flyxo6opiiBi npH3HaJiH e r o T a K O B b i M nocjie ee KOHWHHH. M e H B i u H H C T B O H 3 jjyxo6opiieB He n p H 3 H a j i H ero 3a pyKOBOJJHTeJiH H JjeHCTBOBaJIH BCHieCKH npOTHB H e r o . O j J H a W J J b l OHH CKenTHWeCKH Bbipa3HJIHCb C HenpHH 3 H BIO K H6My H T O B O p H J I H eMy t BOT Mbi B H J J H M , WTO M H O T H e JJ.yXO60piI.bI C W H T a i O T Te6H 3a oco6oro wejioBeKa, 3a npopoKa HJIH XpncTa, H T H , K a s t e T C H , H e o T p H i i a e u i b STOTO. Ho MU He BepHM STOMY . ECJIH y Te6n e c T B oco6an c H J i a , HJIH C B H T O C T B , TO noKa»CH HaM e e . Co3jjaH XOTB O J J H y MaJieHBKyio K 0 3 H B K y , Torxta y B e p y e M B Te6n. 162 HMeH qpe3Bbi-qaHHyio Haxon^HBocTb B apryMeHTax, KOTopyio OH H BITPSJJB npOHBXIHJI , BepHTHH H H C K O J I B K O He C M y T H J I C H H n p H ~ C T a x i B H O n o c M O T p e x t H a C K e n T H K O B H c e p B e 3 H O CKa3ajr: „CKa>i<HTe M H e , KSKOH H M e H H O K 0 3 H B K H H e T H a C B e T e , H H C 0 3 n a M . " (IT. H. MaxiOB, C T p . 163.) HaM 3necb H e Hy>KHO BXOIIHTB B nonpobHOCTH o TOM, I T O anyMHJiocB c xtyxoSopiiaMH nocjie cMepTH JlyKepBH BacHTiBeBHBI—06 BTOM MBI yxce HanncajiH B npyroM MecTe. 3aMeTHM JTHUIB TOJIBKO TO, VITO no H3MeHe M e H B i n e H napTHH rj;yxo6opiieB, KOTopbie OTK.a-3anncb n p H H H T B neTpa B. BepnrHHa 3a pyKOBOflHTeJia H no B M e i u a -TeJiBCTBy noflKynjieHHoro HaiajiBCTBa, OH 6bin cocnaH Ha 15 JieT, CHa^ana B EUeHKypcK a nocjie B 06iiopcK—Ha caMue O T f l a n e H H b i e M e c T a c e B e p H O H P O C C H H . HO a p e C T b l , T W p B M H , 3 T a n b I H CCbinKH, K O T O p b i e OH HCnblTbl-Ban, TOJIBKO Cojiee y B e J i H ^ H B a j i H e r o BJiHHHHe H aBTopHTeT cpen.H flyxo6opu;eB 6onbuiOH napTHH—OHH naxce 6onee noMoraJiH BepnrnHy ocyinecTBJiHTB 3HaqHTenbHbie pe$opMU B nepeycTponcTBax nyxodop-q e C K O H JIH^HOH H K O M M y H a J I B H O H XCH3HH . B roxtbi cBoeft ccbuiKH y neTpa BacnjiBeBH^a CHJIBHO p a 3 B H -B a j i H C B B3rnHnbi Ha penHrH03Hbie H K O M M y H a n b H u e MHpoB03 3peHHH. KaK nocJieflOBaTejiB n.yxo6opMecKHX TpanHiiHH, OH He OTnennn CBOKJ JIH^HOCTB OT o6me-jj,yxo6opqecKoro noyieHHH, HO OH 6bin Sonee nonnHHHbiM Bbipa3HTeneM nyxo6opq:ecKoro Hfleajia, KOTOPHH OH ocHOBbiBan H a noyqeHHH H nioSBH Hncyca XpncTa: „Bo3njo6H rocnona Bora BceM cepniieM CBOHM H Bceio nyiuoio cBoew H BceM pa3yMeHHeM 163 CBOHM H S J i H W H e r o CBoero, KaK caMoro c e b H . " I l e T p B a C H J I b e B H W O T H O C H J I C H C K e n T H W e C K H K i i H B H J i H 3 a i i H H , O Spa 3 OB aHHK) H r p a M O T H O C T H , n O T O M y WTO OHH HBJIHJ1HCB opyjJHeM S K c n j r y a T a L i H H T p y n n i U H X C H M a c e ; H a y K a , B w a c T H O C T H , TOJTBKO TOPMO3HT pa3BHTHe w e j i O B e K a , pa3BHTHe HCTHHBI, Ho nocxte, n o BHyuieHHio J l B B a H. ToncToro, OH jjonycKaxi nojie3HocTB rpaMOT-HOCTH H HayKH, Koriia OHH cJiyjKHJin nocoSneM K H p a B C T B S H H O H H M H P H O H X C H 3 H H H e B p a 3 p e 3 C H e H . npn B C T y n j i e H H H Ha n o c T p y K O B o r t H T e J i H , neTp B a c n j i b e B H W j j e j i a e T 3aMewaHHe iiyxo6opiiaM 3a H X onJioniHOCTB H MopajiBHyio O T C T a J T O C T B , n O T O M y WTO OHH H a p y i U a J l H OJJHH H3 C a M B I X TJiaBHUX C B O H X npHHIIHIIOB H nOIUJIH C J i y W H T B B a p M H H . B c n o M H H a n 06 y w a c T H H iiyxo6opiieB B pyccKO-TypeiiKOH B O H H e B 1877 r o j j y , OH roBopHT: 3TO SBIJTO c a M o e M e p 3 K o e jjeHHHe H3 6biTa HaniHX K a K x p H CTH a H . Y w a c T B O B a T B B HefloSpoM jjeJie, XOTH KOC-B e H H O , B e e p a B H o H e x o p o w o . n o j j B 0 3 H c y x a p n H o p y x e n e B npouj j iy io B O H H y , HawH B e e p a BHO y w a c T B O B a J i H B B O H H e . neTpy BacHjiBeBHwy Ka3aJiocb, WTO HacTynHJio BpeMH, Kor/ja jjyxo6opn.aM Hajjjiescano BHHTH H 3 TOTO K p y r a B KOTOPOM OHH H a x o -j j H J i H C b n o c J i e j j H H e 50 J i e T . H a c T y n H J i o B p e M H j j y x o B H o r o n o j J b e M a H o S n o B J i e H H H . B p e M H OCBO6OJ4HTBCH OT rocyxrapcTBeHHoro c T e c -HeHHH H paScKOH 3 a B H C H M O c T H B 6opb6e n p O T H B TornawHero 3 J i a — M H J I H T a p H 3 M a . HO 3 T O T B p a r M H J I H T a p H 3 M 6blJI He T O J I b K O B H e i U H H H , HO H BHyTpeHHHH. KaxflbiH ,nyxo6opeii jJOJiweH 6bui n e p e p o j J H T b c n — 164 • pOflHTBCH C B b l l l i e , pOJJHTbCfl OT Jjyxa. I l e T p B a C H J l B e B H ^ : npOHBJIHJI B ce6e 3 a M e q a T e n B H y K > M S C T H O C T B B STOH 6opB6e. OH H e T p e S o B a n OT Jironefi 6onBiue, ieM OT ce6n. Bo3po»cneHHe T p e S o B a n o B03jj ; e p -s c e H H O C T B OT Bcero, I T O SbiJio B p e j j H O ffriH ce6n H BpeflHO H HecnpaBextJiHBo RJIH S n H x c H e r o . Korna K H e M y B ccbuiKe npnesxcajiH Hyxo6opiibi H T O J i C T O B i i b i n o c e T H T B e r o , OHH 3 a M e n a n H , ^TO OH yxce flaBHo nepecTaji ynoTpe6JiHTB MHCO, n e p e c T a n n n T B c n n p T H f a i e H a n H T K H H 6POCHJI KypHTB T a S a K , H HM C O B e T O B a j i TaK c x t e j i a T B . 3TOT OaKT n o f l T B e p x c i t a j i H p e B o n i o i i H O H e p b i cocjraHHbie B C H 6 K P B H H a X O H H B U I H e C K B COCeflCTBe C H H M . n e T p B a C H J I B e B H M OTJIH^aJICH JTHMHOH CKpOMHOCTBK) B TOM, n o OH n e p e x t a B a n H3 CCHIJIKH CBOH nopyieHHH nyxo6opiiaM B $opMe coBeTOB H y6excrj;eHHH, a He KaK npHKasaHHH HJIH noBeneHHH. OH 6ojree p a c n o j i a r a j i c n Ha noSpyio BOJIIO c o f i p a T b e B n o y S e x c n e H H H M . OH coBeTOsan HM He n H T B ajiKoronb H He KypHTB T a 6 a K , noTOMy n o 6bin J I H I H O y6e»cfleH OHH IIPHIHHJUIH Bpen l e n o B e K y . OH coBe-TOBaji HM cxce^B y S H H C T B e H H b i e opyxcHH H o i f l a B a j i HM C B o e pyxcBe n j i H coxcxceHHH, noTOMy n o 6BUI y6e»cneH, n o OHH H a p y m a n n BOXCHIO 3anoBeflB H y ^ t e H H e Hncyca X p n c T a . H nyxoSopiita 6 o n B i u o H napTHH B 3TO BpeMH 6bUIH TaK H a C T p o e H b l , n o JJ.O C T a TOM HO SbUTO O f l H O r O cjiOBa OT H e r o , n o 6 b i OHH c 6onBiueH caMOOTBepxceHHocTBio B3Hracb BBinonHHTB B e e ero c o B e T b i H nopyieHHH, He CMHTancb c nocnencTBHHMH. B KaHane neTp BacHJibeBHM OTHOCHJICH qyTB He O T p n i i a T e n B H O K iiHBHnH3aiiHH H KO BceM r o c y n a p c T B e H H b i M y q p e x c n e H H H M . OH He 165 JIK>6HJI SwpoKpaTHqecKyio KaHiienHpiiiHHy. OXIHH pa3, B conpoBoxc-fleHHH MHxaHJia Ka3aKOBa, OH noexaji B OTTaBy no o6mecTBeHHBiM nenaM. TaM OJIHH HS I H H O B H H K O B , oieBHjiHo, sejiaa y j i H B H T B ero, noBen ero B 3 a n y BBICIUHX cyneSHbix HJIH rocynapcTBeHHBix 3acena-HHH. B 3ane Bee CTeHBi, c H H 3 y HO noTOJiKa, 6binH ycTaBJieHbi TBlCHMaMH KHHT. yKa3BlBaH H a K H H r a , M H H O B H H K C rOPflOCTBK) CKa3aJi: „BOT, M-p BepHTHH, STO H a n i H 3 a K O H U pjin B e e n KaHanbi." iifla, n e f i c T B H T e n B H O , MHOTO 3 a K O H O B , — c K a 3 a n BepHTHH—A n o , ecjiH 6bi cnyqaHHO, STH KHHTH noBa-J l H J I H C b Ha KOTO-HH6yjJB H 3 JBOfleH . BeflB O H H M O T y T 3aiiaBHTB lejiOBeKa. He npaBjia J I H ? " ^HHOBHHK H e n o H H J i K y n a BepHTHH CKJIOHHH p e M B H c K a 3 a n : „JJ,a, n a , neiicTBHTenBHo OHH MoryT 3ajj ; a B H T B ^ejiOBeKa HacMepTB." „fla x o p o u i H BaniH 3 a K O H b i , ecnn OHH MoryT 3anaBHTB i e j i o -BeKa H a c M e p T B " ~ x i o 6 a B H n BepHTHH. („flyxo6opn,fca", n. H. M a J i O B , C T P . 168.) B KaHane OH npononscan pa3BHBaTB CBOH Hnen H a MHorae B O n p O C B I 3KH3.HH . O H 6bin n e p B B I H H3 n y X 0 6 o p M e C K H X p y K O B O J J H T e J i e H , KOTopbifl BBeji o6BiMaH 3anHCBiBaTB CBOH pe^H—BOoSme nHKTOBan HX KOMy HHSynfc. HanSonee H3BecTHBie H3 HHX cnenywiUHe: „Pa3yMeHHe o XpHCTe", „0 3HaieHHH flyxo6opiieB ", „0 BeneTBHHX HaponHbix H Bo3MO»CHoe CnaceHHe Mepe3 y^eHHe Hncyca XpncTa", „MHeHHe o BOHHe", n H C T H H H O e npHUieCTBHe XpHCTa", „TaHHBI MHpOBblX 3aKOHOB", 11 npnenra nBHBony", „0 PoacneHHH, )KH3HH H CMepTH Hncyca XpncTa" H npyrne. (CM. HCT. flyx. CyxopeBa, C T p . 228-253.) 166 BepHrHH cwHTajr, WTO H 3 Bcex JUOJJCKHX 3aHHTHH, Han6ojiee 6JTaropojJHHM H ecTecTBeHHbiM HBJineTCH 3eMJieiiejiH.e. ropo / J C K y i o JKH3HB OH CWHTaJT H e e C T e C T B e H H O H flJIH JIIOJieH : MJIlOJJH He C03JJ . a H b l JJJIH ropojjcKOH XCH3HH"--OH roBopHJi. „Tpyjj H MnpHaa >KH3HB" — 6biJi e r o XCH3HeHHBIM Jio3yHroM. 3Ty MBICJIB OH npeKpacHO oxapaK-T e p H 3 0 B a J I B C B O e M B033BaHHH K paSOWHM H COIIHaJIHCTaM, rjje OH nHcan: OnOMHHTeCB, paSOWHe H COLIHaJIHCTbl, H B 0 3 BMHTeCB opraHH30BaTB pa6owne apTeJiH H a Hawanax yweHHH XpncTa—Ha ocHOBe ryMaHH3Ma. npHo6peTaftTe HeSoJiB-uiHe KJIOWKH 3eMJiH, ceftTe xjie6, cTpoftTe 3JieBaTopbi, MyKOMOJIBHbie MejIBHHIIU. . . CTpoftTe HebOJIBLUHe $a6pHKH, flaHTe 3eMJiejjejiBiiaM rieiiieBbie nnyrn, K y j i B T H -BaTopu, xjie6oceHJiKH H rrpyroe. CTpoftTecB Ha Hawanax oSniewHTHH, 6paTCTBa. B03JJBHraftTe He6oJiBLUHe Jieco-nHJiKH, KHpnHWHbie 3aBOJJbi . . . xiocTHraftTe oSMeH Beuieft nepBoft Heo6xoriHMOCTH H 3 nepBbix pyK. y j j a j i n f t T e aJiKorojiB, Ta6aK ; 3 a K p b i B a f t T e nyji-pyMbi, 3 a K p b i B a f t T e $a6pHKH K O H $ e T ; BbiHjjftTe H 3 ropoiiOB. IIoweMy Bbi, paOowne, cKonjineTecb B ropoiia H cjiyxcHTe pa6owHM CKOTOM fljiH 3KcnjiyaTaTopoB? He HjjHTe B cojiriaTbi HH noii KaKHM 06M3HOM, XOTH 6bi Bac npHrjiaiiiaji aHren c 3OJIOTblMH K p b l J I b H M H . IlOHMHTe , WTO ySHHCTBO jnorieH ecTB BeJiHwaftmee 3jio H HecnpaBejJJiHBocTB. He cjiyuiaft-T e c B npH3UBaK)iiiHx K y6HHCTBy. BeperHTe BatuH w e c T H b i e pyKH OT nawKaHbH K P O B H ; OHH HywHbi BaM HajJOJiro JJJIH wecTHoro T p y j j a . fla 3irpaBCTByeT Tpyjj H MnpHan !KH3HB. (CM. „HoBoe PyccKoe CJIOBO", 24-ro HOHSPH 1922 rojja.) (n. H. M. 169.) HaHSoJibuiyio H3BecTHOCTB neTp BacHJiBeBHW npno6peJi KaK ocHOBaTeJiB 11 XpHCTHaHCKOH 06niHHbi BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa" . CymecT-BOBaHHe OClIlHHbl O H CWHTaJI EOSBHM JjeJIOM H nOCBHTHJI BCK) WH3HB CBOK) ee cTpoHTeubCTBy. OH cwHTan jjejia o6mHHbi B ,*Hee oTxtenbHbix wenoBewecKHX HHTepecoB. OH o6bHBHJi Hapojjy, WTO C S T H X nop OH HMeHyeTCH neTpOM rocnO / J H H M , nOHCHHH, W T O O H BCeiieJIO OTpeKCH 1 6 7 O T CBOHX JIHMHblX 3eMHbIX HHTepeCOB H n O J I H O C T B K ) nOCBHTHJl CBOK) >KH3HB Ha CJiyxceHHe rocnoriy. OH BnojiHe onpaBnan STO HaHMeHo-B a H H e . Ero TparnqecKafl C M e p T B cnyxcHT j3.0Ka3aTeJiBCTB0M, n o OH no caMOH c M e p T H He H3MeHHJi CBoeMy BejiHKOMy xtejiy H y M e p Ha CBOHM nocTy. 0 H e M neTp H. ManoB nHineT:-KaxceTCH, n o IleTp B a c H J i B e B H M 6biJi co3naH npHpouofi 6bITB BOXCfleM. HeOSblKHOBeHHOrO pocTa ( O K O J I O CeMH (JpyTOB BblLUHHbl) , O H SblJI a T J i e T H M e C K H CJIOXCeH H I I O B H f l H " M O M y 06jiaJJ,aJI Heo6blKHOBeHHOH (])H3HMeCKOH CHJIOH H S H e p r a e H . . . OH SHUT rjiy6ono p e j i H F H 0 3 H B I H M e n o B e K , HO He $aHaTHMecKoro rana, o^eHB ypaBHOB e m eHHUH H c n o K O H H B i H r peiiKO nepexonnrnHH B pa3,n,paxceHHe. B HeM O T M e T J I H B O npOHBJIHJIHCB HBe CHJTBHfaie X a p a K T e p H C T H K H : OH 6bijr Hjj,eaJiHCT, MenaTeJiB H OTMacra MHCTHK, H B TO xce BpeMH 6UJI peaJiHCT, MenoBeK npaKTHiecKHH, H 3aMe-qaTejiBHbiH opraHH3aTop, H S T H , KaK 6BI npoTHBonojioxcHtae qepTbi xapaKTepa c o n e T a J i H C B B HeM c yijHBHTejiBHOH nponopiiHOHajiBHOCTBio H y p a B H O B e u i e H H O c T B H ) . OH H H K o r n a He yBJieKajiCH MaTepnajiH3MOM H a c T O J i B K O , noSbi 3a6biBaTB CBoe jjyxoBHoe Ha^ a j i o H c^HTaJi, n o MaTepHajibHbie npeuMeTbi n o J i x c H b i c j i y x c H T B unn XCH3HeHHKIX noTpeBHOCTeK H HJIH nojib3bi MejioBeKy, HO HHKorria He HOJIXCHBI nepe-XOHHTB B npenMeT o6oxcaHHH. B TO xce BpeMH O H BepHJI, n o B C H K H M HaniHM Hjj;eHM H ySexcrieHHHM n p n x c H b i 6HTB pa3yMHbie O C H O B 3H H H , HHJIH oSmecTBa njiaH XCH3HH rionxceH 6 U T B ; 6e3 njiaHa see paBHO, n o 6e3 r j i a 3 n — OH TOBOPHJI. (CM. ,,HyxoSopiibi", IleTp H. MajioB, C T P . 1 6 6 - 1 6 7 . ) Bojiee O K O H ^ a T e J i B H O , MajioB B 3aKJiKmeHHe O T n a e T HH 3KHH n o K J i o H IleTpy BacHJibeBH^y BepnrHHy: 3ri.ecB H xoMy CKa3aTB, n o CKOJIBKO 6H MBI HH TOBO-PHJIH o T a K H X JUOHHX, K3KHM 6biji noKOHHbiH neTp BaCHJIBe-BHM, H a u i H cjiOBa B c e r n a 6 y n y T 3 B y i a T B cjia6o H Hey6e-AHTejiBHo, noTOMy n o TaKHe JIIOJIH He noxyiaioTCfl HHK3KHM M e j i O B e M e c K H M c j i o B a M H onHcaHHHM. . . MHorae xtyxo-6opnbi cMHTajiH, a HenoTopue H no C H X n o p [ 1 9 48] CMH-TawT neTpa BacHnBeBHMa BonjioiqeHneM XpncTa. H He C T a H y HHKOMy H a B f l S b I B a T B 3Ty M b l C n B , T a K K a K 3 T O B c e u e n o 3 a B H C H T OT B H y T p e H H e r o p a 3 y M e H H H K a x c n o r o H3 Hac. Ho H TBepuo y S e x c j i e H B TOM, n o e c n n BepHTB B n e p e B o n n c m e H H e flyxa X p n c T a , TO HHKTO H3 BbiriaKiiiiHXCH nOUBHXCHHKOB nOCneilHHX 19 BeKOB He AOCTOHH 3 T O H MeCTH 1 6 8 Gojibnie, ieM IleTp BacHJibeBHM rocnoiiHHH——BepHTHH. ( T a M see , C T P . 1 7 1 . ) Ho T a K H x raoneH, K a K BepHTHH, BonJiomaiomHx B ce6e xtyx XpncTa—roBopa B nepeHocHOM c M B i c n e — B HameM MHpe qacTO p a c n H H a j i H Ha K p e c T e Meatfly flByMH p a 3 6 o H H H K a M H . B STO BpeMH—OT 1 9 1 7 - r o flo 1 9 2 4 - r o roita—flyxo6opu , b i H c nBiTbiB a JIH TH»cejibie H c n b i T a H H H B KaHane H BCH 3 T a T H S t e c T B naflana Ha rojioBy BepnrHHa, rjraBy XpncTHaHCKOH 06IHHHBI BceMHp-H o r o B p a T C T B a . OH SBIJT n p H H y a c j j e H OTTHTB n o f l y M a T B o B 0 3 B p a m e H H H Ha poHHHy. B T a K o e c T p a x t H o e B p e M H , c n p a B e f l J T H B O C T B 3 a c T a B J i n j i a BepurHHa H flyxoSopneB B KaHane nonyMaTB, n o nocjre n o p a a c e H H H i i a p c K o r o caMOflepjKaBHH B POCCHH, peBOjnoiiHOHHBie n p a B H T e J i B C T B a j ryquie B c e r o MOTJTH 6BI H C K y n H T B B H H y c a M O f l e p s c a B H H nepefl flyxo-SopiiaMH H j j a T B HM p a 3 p e n i e H H e B e p H y T B C H Ha p o f l H H y c n o 3 B o n e -HHeM JKHTB COOTBeTCTBeHHO C B O H M npHHIIHnaM M H C T O T O X p H C T H a H C T B a nO H X n O H H T H K ) . HO HeCMOTpH Ha T O , MTO flyXo6opiIBI C B O H M naflHCtrHCTCKHM n y T e M c f l e n a n n ( B M e c T e e ToncTBiM H T O J i c T O B n a M H ) nep.Bbie u i a r n K nopaHceHHK) H e c n p a B e j j J i H B o r o flyxoBeHCTBa H c a M O f l e p a c a B H O H B J i a c T H B POCCHH, nocjie p e B o r a o i i H H , HH , , B p e M e H H o e " HH „CoBeTCKoe" H a p o f l H B i e n p a B H T e j i B C T B a — n o n c H H H c y T B flejia c n o B a M H ropHflH^ecKHX K O M H C C H H He C M O T J I H C O T f l a C H T B C H flaTB flyXOSopliaM H C K J T I O M e H H e OT BOHHCKOH n o B H H H O C T H H n o T O M y , p a 3 p e n i e H H H H a n o c e n e H H e H a poxuHHe flyxodopiiaM H e n o c n e x t O B a n o . 1 6 9 H 3TO B C e 6bIJIO B TO BpeMH KOTfla BepHTHH H C K a J I H36aB-j r e H H H cBoeK XpHCTHaHCKOH O611LHHB1 BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa— c e 6 n OT pacnHTHH Mescjiy j i B y M H pa36oHHHKaMH—OT nepeKpecTHoro orHH, OT HananeHHH Ha o6niHHy c JIByx CTOPOH: C OflHOH CTOpOHbl, BCHKHe „nOXOXCJieHHH" OTKOJIOBUIHXCH OT 06U1HHBI CBO6OIIHHKOB BOOpyaceHHblX y p O J I J I H B O H OopMbi „O6PHJIOM" — rOJIOBCTBOM--H ypOJiyiOIIIHMH Ce6H H X t p y r H X „ TaHHCTB aMH" n O J J X C H -raTexiBCKHX H B3pbiBwaTBix 6OM6; C jrpyroH CTOPOHBI, BCHKHe „ n o x o j j B i H nonxoiibi" coJiiiaT, B03BpaTHBiiiHXCH B KaHajry noone IlepBOH MHPOBOH BOHHBI H Tpe6yioiiiHX OT BepnrHHa nojrnHcaTB floroBop JJJIH n e p e x i a w H jryxoOopwecKOH 3eMJiH BO BJiajieHHe B03Bpa-T H B U I H M C H C B O H H B I COJIJJaTaM. 3Ta 3eMJIH 6BIJia KynJieHa B BpHTaH-C K O H KojtyM6HH B 1 9 0 7 roiiy, 6biJia pa3pa6oTaHa c B e n H K H M TpyjtoM, Ha Hen 6BIJIH nojiH H oropojjBi, jiOMa O K p y s c e H H b i e $pyKTOBBiMH cajiaMH, SBIJIH BCHKHe npejinpHHTHH: KOHcepBHan $ a 6 p H K a , M e j i B H H i i b i , JieconHJiKH, ToproBbie Mara3HHBi , s n e B a T o p u , SCHBOH H MepTBBiH HHBeHTapB H T.n. BCe 6BIJIO n O J I B HHMaHH eM I^'KOMMyHaJIBHOrO X03HHCTB a. n p o T H B O j t e H C T B y H B C H K H M n o c H r a T e j i B C T B a M H a 6 J i a r o n o j i y w H e x p H C T H a H C K O H o6uiHHBi H 3 a n i H u i a H ojiHO jiyxo6opw:ecKoe n p e H M y u i e c T B O HCKJIKJWeHHe OT BOHHCKOH nOBHHHOCTH H J106HBaHCB OJIHOH CBO6OJJBI nTpyjJ, H MHpHaH SCH3HB", IleTp BaCHJIBeBHW rocnojjHHH-BepnrHH nan xcepTBOH H e c n p a B e j i J i H B O C T H H npecTynjieHHH. B nojiHOWB nojj, cpejry 1 9 - r o OKTH 6PH 1 9 2 4 rojia 3aKOHWH— jiacB TeJiecHan XCH3HB 3Toro HjieaJiHCTHwecKoro xpHCTHaHCKoro r e p o H C B o e r o BpeMeHH. Ero Tejio H e MOTJIH coKpyiiiHTB SecwHCJieHHbie TiopBMbi H STanHbie nepexoiibi B cctajiKax i i a p c K o r o npaBHTejiBCTBa B POCCHH. Ero Hiieaji o KOMMyHajib-HOH XpHCTHaHCKOH KH3HH H yweHHe „He—y6HH" He MOTJIH O C T a H O B H T B H H K S K H H n p H T e C H e H H H , JIHUieHHH , OToSpaHHe 3eMJiH, noxuKorn HMyuiecTBa H . j j p y r o e , H Bpar HJIH Bparn, COWJIH jiHiueHHe ero >KH3HH e f l H H C T -BeHHbiM cpexiCTBOM c i i e j i B i o pa3rpoMHTB XCH3HB ero H ero n o c j i e j J O B a T e J i e H jjyxo6opiieB. ( H C T . flyx. CyxopeBa, C T P . 155.) HAJTTPOEHAH PEqb CEMEHA B. BEPELUArHHA B n o j i H o w B nojj cpexty 29 OKTH6PH 19 24 r o i j a BeJiHKHH BOJKJI& H 6Jiaron , e T e j i B IleTp rocno / J H H H , Heno6eJJHMbiH 6opeu, 3 a B e p y XpncTOBy H 3 a CBoe Hyxo6opwecTBO, naji xepTBOH Ha ropax KaHajJCKOH n y c T b i H H . TaM ero nopa3HJia BHe3anHan c M e p T B OT CMepTOHocHOH 6OM6H. PyKa 3JioiieH H e c o x t p o r H y j i a c B nepexi npaBeriHHKOM. Ero M o r y w e e TeJio SBIJIO Bbi6pomeHO H3 BaroHa H jiexcajro Ha 3eMJie. Jlewajio OHO oflHO, H e npn Hac STO anywHJiocb. MnpHbie Jieca 6biJiH cBHJieTejiHMH ero POKOBOH CMepTH. OHH xoTejiH CKa3aTB: „TBI CBIH BOMCHH. TBI BSJTHKHH 6opeii MHpa c e r o , noMep TyT BO M p a K e HOMHOM H JiewHuiB pacnpocTepTbifi H a 3eMJie, O6JIHTBIH CBHTOK KPOBBKD. TBOH SoJiBHbie paHbi BOITHIOT K He6y, H C K a w y T T a M , WTO TBI 3 a HCTHHy noMep." He o c T a j i o c B TenepB H a 3eMJie TaKoro BejiHKoro w e j i o B e K a K a K OH. OH 6biji n o c J i a H c He6a cKasaTb JTOIIHM n p a B n y . nepen. HHM H e MorJiH y c T O H T B KpenKHe nperpajibi. OH nopa3HJi MeweM ycT CBOHX TPOHBI CHJIBHHX iiapeft. OH c M e p T O -H o c H o e opyjKHe nperjaji OTHIO, WTO6BI Sojiee He n p o J i H B a T B w e j i O B e w e c K y i o K P O B B H a 3 e M J i e . OH CHJIBHO 3 a n o B e i i a j T iiyxoSoptiaM He ySHBaTB H H w e r o >KHBoro B nHiny. OH noriHHJi 3HEMH MHPHOTO IJapn BBICOKO. OH 6biJi H a 3eMJie MHPOBOH 6opeii, n y T e B o j J H a H 3 B e 3 J j a , o c B e u i a i o i i i a H M p a K . MHP H noKOH ero CBHTOH n x r o T H , a BewHan Hama naMHTB o H e M , H Hamero rpHiiyuiero noTOMCTBa ociaHeTCH Ha 3eMJie H 6yiieT penTB KaK roJiySB H a r t ero CBHTOH MorHJioH. HapcTBHe e M y He6ecHoe. HeT CMepTH, HeT ! )KHBe M CBOH j j e H B , 3 a T e M O T X O I T H M , KaK 6bl TeHB 171 KoHTpacTa, ccopu. Mnpa HHH HaM OopMHpyiOT SCH3Hb OHH. JJ[o6pa MacTHiiy n o T B O P H M — Bo BeK OCTaHeTCH >KHBBIM. l a C T B H B I U I H O H , C J i a B H O H n O J I H O T B I BceBe^HOH rocnoria HVHIH. BpWHO neTiueJTBT [nepeBeji c aHrJiHHCKoro r . M. HeproycoB.] („Hyxo6opiiBi", n . H. MajioB, CTp. 2 8 5 . ) 172 VI BEPHrHH H COBPEMEHHOCTb 3Ta TeMa n p e x t c T a B J i H e T CO6OH cpHJiococJcKHe B o n p o c u B n O H C K a X $HJ10C6<|)CKHX HJIH p a U H O H a J I H C T H M e C K H X H a H H X O T B e i O B . H c T H H H a n x p H C T H a H C K a n peJiHTHH, JXJIH neTpa B. B e p n r H H a , o6o3HaqaeT MHpoB033peHHe; B KOTOPOM npHMepHoe BonjiomeHHe n y x a H BOJIH Hncyca X p n c T a HaxoflHT ocymecTBJieHHe B JIHMHOH H 06meCTBeHHOH 5KH3HH MeJIOBeKa. 3HaHHe noyieHHH H n p H H i i n n o B Hncyca X p n c T a MOJKHO Ha3BaTB x p n c T H a H C K O H $HnococI>HeH (HJTH TeonorHefi) , HO TOJIBKO n p H M e H e H H e S T H X n o y i e H H i i H n p H H i i n n o B H a n p a K T H K e , B HCTHHHOM H y x e Hncyca X p n c T a , B JIHIHOH H obmecTBeHHOH HCH3HH ^ejioBeKa, MOJKHO H 3 3 B a T B X p H C T H a H C K O H p e J I H T H e H . B e p H T H H H, npHHHBiiiHe e r o 3a pyKOBonHTenn, n.yxo6opiiBi Sbinn H e c T B n p H B e p s c e H i x b i KOMMyHajiBHoro, penHrH03HO-HpaBCTBeH-Horo yqeHHH Hncyca X p n c T a . 3TO OHH noKa3BiBaioT n p nHJITHSM H a ce6n, n o c o B e T y B e p n r H H a , H a H M e H O B a H H H : „ X p H c r a a H C K a H o6in,HHa B c e M H p H o r o S p a T C T B a " . (3TO 6BUTO B nyxe HHTepHaiirioHanBHOH conHflapHOCTH—„Berj ;& n i o H H Bee 6paTBH, nan p y K y M H e 6paT H.) n p H M e H e H H e n<§yqeHHH H n p H H i i n n o B Hncyca X p n c T a Ha npaKTHKe (pejiHrH03HHH n o i i c T y n ) n e n a n n x n e H C T B H T e n B H B i M H B JIH ^ H O H H O S l H e C T B e H H O H 3KH3HH H n p O T H B O f l e H C T B y H BCHKHM y 3 a K O ~ H e H H b i M , HO H e c n p a B e n j i H B b i M , n o c T a H O B J i e H H H M c a M o n e p j K a B H H H nyxoBeHCTBa H BCHKOTO j j p y r o r o y3aKOHeHHoro, HO HpaBCTBeHHo 173 HecnpaBefljiHBoro, sKcnjiyaTHpyioiiiero wejioBeKa wextoBeKOM, nopHHKa - - B O T B 3TOM H C O C T O H T B e i H a f l , H e n p e X O J J H I I i a f l : C O B p e M e H H O C T B HHcyca X p n c T a , — n no npeHMyniecTBy, JIBBa H. TOJICTOTO H neTpa B. BepnrHHa, HMeiomnx c x o x t c T B e H H u e B3rjiHX(Bi no O T H o m e H n i o K JjeHCTBHTeJIBHOCTH COBpeMeHHOCTH XpHCTa. KcTaTH, onpejJtextHM caMonepacaBne: STO flopeBoxaoiiHOHHaH HopMa npaBJieHHH, B KOTOPOH BepxoBHaH BJiacTB rocynapH onnpaxiacB Ha rocnojJCTByioiiiHe KJiaccBi nBopHH-noMeiiiHKOB H a p H C T O K p a T H H . COBpeMeHHO C JjyXOSOpweCKHM IIBHSCeHHeM H C JJeHTeJlBHOCTBK) B e p n r H H a , 6UJIH H r t p y r n e H a p o f l H u e H B n a c e H H H , no6y« i i e H H b i e SKOHO-M H W e C K H M H H C O L I H O - n O J I H T H W e C K H M H H H T e p S C a M H , HMeiOIUHS. I i e J T B ocBoSoflHTB o6e3flOjreHHbix xtioneH HH5KHHX C O C J I O B H H O T SKcnxiyaTH-p O B aHHH BBICUIHMH C O C J I O B H H M H B pyCCKOM COlIHajIBHO—HepaBHOnpaBHOM caMoxtepscaBHOM oSniecTBe, HanpHMep: j J B H a c e H H H BOJiHyiomHe pyccKHH Hapojj, H a w H H a n c B O C C T a H H H iieKa6pH3Ma B H a w a x t e 19-ro CTOJieTHH H KOHwancB peBOJiioiiHOHHBiMH BoccTaHHHMH B 1905-M (kpoBaBoe BocKpeceHBe) H 1917-M (OKTHSpBCKan peBOJiroiinH) . Bee 3TH J J B H W e H H H n p O H C X O J J H J T H C O B p e M e H H O C J j y X O d O p w e C K H M J J B H H C e H H e M — COBpeMeHHO C pyKOBOflHTeJTBCTBOM IleTpa B. BepHTHHa. B 3THX j j B H x c e H H H x y w a c T B O B a j i H rpynnbi JjeHTejieH H3 COCJIOBHH HHTejura-reH i iHH, KpecTBHHCTBa H pa6owHX n o Bbnue yKa3aHHbiM no6y»cii.eHHHM, KaK H flyxo6opwecKoe rtBnaceHHe, HeHacnxiBCTBeHHoe, n o oco6on npHWHHe, noii pyKOBOJXHTejiBCTBOM BepnrHHa, no6yscxieHHOH yweHneM Hncyca XpncTa. flBHxeHHe n.yxo6opiieB n TOJiCTOBiieB MOSCHO 174 npHHHTB B M e C T e n o HX C X O H C T B y B H V X O B H O - H p a B C T B e H H b l X (HenpoTHBneHHH 3ny HacHJineM) no6yacj(eHHHx. Bee S T H JXBHXCeHHH UU1H Bpa3pe3 C y 3 a K O H e H H B l M H nOCTaHO-BneHHHMH rocyjiapcTBa H r o c y n a p c T B e H H O H H i i e p K O B H O H B J i a c r a , nosTOMy Bee nonnexcanH ojjHHaKOBHM roHeHHHM H HaKa3aHHHM co CTOPOHBI caMOJiepscaBHH H jiyxoBeHCTBa. noTOMy, He 6yneT ynHBHTeJiBHO 3aMeTHTB, n o , KaK flyxo6opMecKHe neHTejiH— BepnrHH caMBiH n p e n a H H H H H3 H H X , — T a K H neHTenn npyrnx jjBHxeeHHH BCTpeiaJiHCb BMecTe, Korfla UUIH TBICHMH BepcT no S T a n y B OTflaneHHbie MecTa B CH 6HPH HJIH OT6biBajiH BMecTe B 3BepcKHX XJ,H CIIHI1J1H H a p HB1X B a T a J l b O H a X HJIH OTCHXCHBanHCB B HeBBIHOCHMblX TIOpeM HblX 3aKJlH)qeHHflX. Pa3HHii,a Mexcfly rj;yxo6opq:ecKHM (H TOJICTOBCKHM) n B H x e e H H e M UOR p y K O B O f l H T e J l b C T B O M B e p H T H H a H COU,HO~IIOJIHTHMeCKOM JJBHXCeHHeM npyrnx C O C J I O B H H — B STO BpeMH -—B pyccKOM n o J i y - K p e n o c T H H ^ e c K O M H n o n y - K a n H T a n n c T H M e c K O M r o c y n a p c T B e , c o c T O H J i a B H X n e n n x H npHHiinnax H cnocoSax K nocTHxeeHHK) S T H X n e n e n . Bee STH JZBHXCeHHH n p O T H B O C T O f l J I H y 3 a K O H e H H B T M I I O C T a H O B J i e H H H M I i a p C K O T O c a M O f l e p x c a B H H H BceMy, n o nonnepxtHBano e r o . Ho nyxoSopnBi, Snaronapn BJIHHHHK) BepnrHHa, p a 3 f l e n n n H C B c npyrHMH B TOM, n o j j e j i b H cnocoS r j y x o 6 o p M e c K o r o nBHxeeHHH HMenn B BHrry o 6 p a 3 0 -BaHHe KOMMyHanBHoro oSmecTBa no npHHiinny nHenpoTHBJieHHe 3J iy H a c H J i n e M " , n p e x t n o M H T a n ..Tpyn. H MHpHyio >KH3HB" H n o c T p o e H H e q e j i O B e^ecKOH >KH3HH Ha nyxoBHO— HpaBCTBeHHOM yqeHHH Hncyca X p n c T a . 175 flo C H X nop MU nuTaeMCH x t a T B cpHJiococpCKne HJIH paiiHOHa-jiHCTHwecKHe (He MHcraiecKHe) OTBeTbi Ha Bonpoc BepnrHHa H ero coBpeMeHHocTH, He TOJIBKO no O T H o m e H H K ) K n,yxo6opwecKOMy o6mecTBy H H X jjBnxeHHK), HO H no O T H o m e H H W K jjpyrnM oSmecTBaM H jjBHweHHHM. Hama 3a,nawa 3/jecB—ynasaTB o6pa3eii HJIH K p H T e p H H COBpeMeHHOCTH BepHTHHa HMeWUIHH C B H 3 B C CaMblMH nepeflOBblMH, TBOpweCKHMH, HeH3M6HHMbIMH H HenpeXOJJHUIHMH HfleHMH H npeHMymecTBaMH xapaKTepa, KaK HanpHMep: CTpeMJieHHe K oSuieMy 6jiary, wejiaHne iio6pa JJJIH Bcex, IIOCTOHHHOH B3anMonoMOuiH H nOTpeSHOCTH B JjyXOBHOM 06lIieHHH, B MHPHOH H TBOpieCKOH J j e H T e J I B H O C T H , KOTOpbie C T a H O B H T C H J j y X O B H O H H H p a B C T B e H H O H OCHOBOH B JIHWHOH H OSmeCTBeHHOH 7KVS 3 HH WeJIOBeKa. BCe 3TH TBopwecKHe nojioscHTejiBHue HOPMBI, BeiHo coBpeMeHHbi, noTOMy WTO OHH BeiHO BCTynaioT Bpa3pe3 H B npoTHBopewne co BceMH j j p y r H M H OTpHIiaTeJIBHblMH „ HOpMaMH" COSCTBeHHHWeCKOrO o6iqecTBa, SKcnJiyaTaiiHH, MHJIHTapusMa, wejioBeKOHeHaBHCTHHwecTBa, 3 3 B H C T H , BJiaCTH C n03HLIHH CHJTbl, H T.n. yen o6pa3eii nojioxcHTeJibHon c o B p e M e H H o c T H H3o6pa>KaJi CO SOH IleTp BacHJibeBHW BepnrnH? Co Been K p e n o c T B i o nJiOTH, y M a H iiyxa, CTOHKOCTBIO xapaKTepa vs. nojiHOH peuiHMOCTbio BOJIH, BepHTHH H3o6paKaJi 3TOT o6pa3 cjioBaMH anocTOJia IlaBJia (nocji. K $HJI. 1:21): „JJJ1H M e H H 5KH3HB XpHCTOC" . CBOeft 5KH3HBK) IleTp BaCHJIBeBHW CTapaJICH H306pa3HTB B CBOeH MVS. 3 HH xapaKTep H yieHHe XpncTa, K a K B e w H o r o nojiowHTeJibHoro j j y x o B H O - H p a B C T B e H -Horo coBpeMeHHHKa. 176 MojioflOH ero mieMHHHHK, H3 TMPBMBI, nnnieT BepHTHHy nHCBMO: . . . ecTB cjiyxH, MTO Hac Bcex paccejiHT no onHHOMKe, HO MBI B STOM SyneM BHfleTb npoMucen EoacHH , nOTOMy, ecjiH B b i c b i n a T B Mepy nuieHHiibi B OAHO Medo, oco6eHHO cyxoe, TO OHO—3epHO, TaK H nponeacHT 6ecnnonHO, ecnn se pa36pocaTB no seMJie, TO nony^HTCfl 6onBHiofi npHpocT. BepHTHH nnuieT njieMHHHHKy: . . . H3 HauieH O6IHHHBI npjw.no BBIHTH XOTB HeMHoro HCTHHHbix xpHCTHaH. TenepB ace nponcxoHHT nepHoxt 6 p o a c e H H H . . . 3a ce6n CKaacy: caMofi rnaBHOH Heo6-XOJXHMOCTBIO CMHTaio ycBOHTB n,yx XpncTa, nyx MHpa, JIK>6BH, a B TOM, n o H a c pacceJiHT HJTH B b i c e n H T K y n a nn6o—jjeno 6e3pa3nHMHoe. . . noacenaeM x t p y r npyry B03pOflHTBCH OT XpHCTa, CT3B erO COOdmHHKaMH B CMHpeHHOH H flOSpOH JKH3HH. (CM. „IlHCBMO 42".) Cnenyn „0riHOMy" ejJHHCTBeHHOMy, nojioraiejibHOMy n y x o B H O -HpaBCTBeHHOMy ,iBeMHOMy COBpeMeHHHKy", TOJICTOH B xynoacecTBeH-HOM T B O p ^ e C T B e H BepHTHH B XpHCTHaHCKOH JieHTeJIbHOCTH BepHJIH, VLTO B KaqecTBe enHHCTBeHHo B03MoacHoro cnocoSa npeononeHHH oSmecTBeHHoro 3Jia, napnioero B Mnpe, HyacHo 6Hno BbinBHHyTB penH TH03 HO - HpaBCTBeHHbie COBepiIieHCTBOB aHHH niOfleH H H X 6paT-cKoe, x p n c T H a H C K o e extHHeHHe nroSBH H xi.yxoBHoe cornacHe Meacny HHMH . TOJICTOH BHxi.BHran 3Ty n o n o a c H T e n B H y i o , uyxoBHo-HpaBCTBeH-Hyio coBpeMeHHocTB, KaK xynoacHHK cjiOBa, coeflHHHH xynoacecTBo c nponoBejiBK) p e j i H r H 0 3 H 0 - H p a B C T B e H H o r o y^eHKH, o c o 6 e H H o n o c n e nepenoMa B ero MHpoB033peHHH 80-x H 90-x ronax, 19-ro C T O -jieTHfl, HanpHMep: HapojJHBie paccKa3Bi neqaTaHHbie B ero „nocpe,ii.-HHKe", 3anpemeHHHe iiapcKOH iieH3ypoH: „rne JIK)6OBB, TaM H Eor", n^eM JIIOJJH acHBBi", „CKa3Ka 06. HBaHe nypaKe",. H MHOTO npyrax; 177 • noBecTH: „OTeii CepreH1',- „J lbHBOJi", H poMaH „ BocnpeceHHe", KOTopbie SbiJiH HaneqaTaHbi H n p o n a H b i MKaK MOJKHO riopoxce" H neHBTH 6biJiH nepejiaHbi B KOMHTGT (^epTKOBy) p,nn nepeceneHHH Jiyxo6opiJ,eB B KaHajJiy; n o B S C T H : „XaxpKH-MypaT" , MCMepTB HBaHa HjiBH^a" ; HaportHan JipaMa: „BJiacTB TBMU"; KOMeiiHH: ^.nnoribi npocBemeHHH", ..HHTHJIHCT" ; nponoBeflH: „HcnoBeflB" , „KoMMeHTapHH EBaHrejiHH " , „0 >KH3HH" H ocoSeHHo „IJ,apcTBO EoKHe B H y T p H Bac", K O T o p o e npoH3Bejio HeH3MepHMoe Bne^aTJieHHe H a neTpa BacHxiBeBH^a BepHTHHa. 3TOT CnHCOK HeMHOrHX, npHMepHO H36paHHbIX n p O H 3 B e j i e H H H , noKa3biBaeT cxoncTBeHHOCTB TOJICTOTO H BepurHHa B H X p e J i H T H 0 3 H O -HpaBCTBeHHbix y M e H H H x , XOTH Ka>KxibiH H3Jiaran STO y^eHne no CBoeMy , x a p a K T e p H O pa3nHMHBIMH cnoco6aMH. TOJICTOH BKnanbiBan CBOH p e n n r n o 3HO - H p a BCTBeHHbie np,en B nHTepaTypHO-xyAOKecTBeHHbie npoH3BefleHHH c HaMepeHHeM pacnpo-CTpaHHTB H X B 6ojiee o6uiHpHbix MHpoBbix MacuiTaSax—qado 3 a n p e -meHHbix uapcKon iieH3ypoH, OHH TeM 6onee pacnpocTpaHHJTHCB 3arpaHHiJ,eH ToncTOBuaMH, HanpHMep: naBnoM EHPIOKOBBIM, Bnan.HMHpoM ^epTKOBBIM, AHHOH ^ e p T K O B O H H J jpyTHMH. fleHTeJIBHOCTB TOJICTOTO 6bina npeHMymecTBeHHO J ieHTeJiLHOCTb n n c a T e n n . BepHTHH, B CBOK) oqepenB, nepenaBan CBOH pennrH03Ho-HpaBCTBeHHbie yMeHHH H coBera B n n c B M a x , nepecHJian H X i a c T o no n o n e non. nceBxtOHHMOM, BO H3 6esaHHe napcKOH iieH3ypbi. HacTo B p y^ian nncbMa nocemaBiuHM ero 6paTBHM H xtpy3BHM, HJIH ycTHO nepenaBan nopyqeHHH H coBera n/iH HcnonHeHHH 178 xpucTHaHcKHX yieHHH. UapcKan iieH3ypa pejJKo nepeceKajia Tarae c n o c o 6 b i coo6meHHH. KaKHM ace cnocoSoM BepnrHH H Maccbi H3 jjyxo6opiieB OWyTHJIHCB B C C B I J I K a X , B T K i p B M a X H flHCLIHnJIHHapHBIX 6 a T a j i B O H a x ? Cnocod HJIH npHWHHa 6BIJIH OJJHH JJJIH Bcex ii.yxo6opiieB—no coBeTy BepnrHHa H no c B o e M y ySeayieHHio OHH peuinjin, Ha CBMOM jjejie, oTKa3aTBCH OT Bcex Tex „3aKOHHbix" noBejieHHH HawajiBCTBa, KOTopue npoTHBopewHJiH yweHHio Hncyca XpncTa. 3anoBejjn JJJIH jj.yxo6opn.eB HMejiH npeHMyniecTBO Hafl wejioBewecKHMn 3aKOHaMH. no coBeiy BepnrnHa, c j i e j j p B a T B yweHnio Hncyca XpncTa, C O J I J j a T B I O T J j a J I H pyjKBH H a w a J I B C T B y H O T K a 3 a j I H C B O T B O H H C K O H nOBHHHOCTH H cjiejjyn HM, TaK we no c o B e T y BepnrHHa, Bee .nyxo-Sopiibi 60JIBU10H n a p T n n c o a c r j i n Bee ySnncTBeHHbie opyiinn, BKJUOwaH pyscBe BepnrHHa. 3TH peweHHH HcnoJiHHJiHCB HecMOTpn Ha n o c j i e n -C T B H H . TOJICTOH, K a K x y j j o s c H H K nncaTeJiB, MopajiBHO n o j j j j e p x c H B a j i BepnrHHa, KaK peaJiHCTnwecKoro jjeHTejin yweHHH Hncyca XpncTa, B C B O H X n p O H 3 B e j j e H H H X H 11H c BMax. B KaHajje jjyxo6opiiBi 6OJIBIUOH n a p T H H flepscaicH 3Toro p e u i e H H H JJO cero BpeMeHH. OHH He H3MeHHK)T CBOHX HaHMeHOBaHHH: n X p n c T H a H C K a H 06niHHa BceMHpHoro BpaTCTBa" H MCOK>3 flyxoBHbix O6111HH XpHCTa". flyxoBHo-HpaBCTBeHHan coBpeMeHHocTB BepnrHHa TecHO CBH3aHa c jj.yxo6opwecKHM flBHweHHeM. flyxo6opiiBi T e p n e J i n O T C T y n H n w e c T B O co C T o p o H b i JiHWHOcTen H rpynn. BBIJIH pa3JjejieHHH H pacKOjru, HO HeT H3MeHeHHH c p e j J H JJ.yxo6opwecKHX p y K O B O J J H T e j i e H , B H X npejja:HHOcTH y i e H H K Hncyca XpHCTa—caMBiH npejjaHHbin nocjienoBaTejib 6biJi neTp BacnjiBeBHW. ECJIH riyxoSopiiBi 3a6y,n,yT neTpa BacHJiBeBHwa BepnrHHa B ero n p e i i a H H O C T H yweHHio Hncyca XpHCTa, nyxoSopwecTBO MoaceT JJVXOBHO H HpaBCTBeHHO H C C H K H y T B , HO He wnsHeHHaHocoBpeMeHHoeTBHneT.pa-iBaenpBeBHHa BepHrnHa. RESUME 180 Un resume1 e s t un abr£g£. A l ' g g a r d de notre thdse, de q u o i e s t - c e un abr6g£? L ' i n t e n t i o n p r i m o r d i a l e de n o t r e thdse £tant d ' i n d i q u e r 1'importance du developpemehtpprogres-s i f , d'abord o r a l e n s u i t e l i t t e r a i r e e t i d g o l o g i q u e de l a t r a d i t i o n c h r e t i e n n e des Doukhobors; t r a d i t i o n q u i au cours de l ' h i s t o i r e d e v i n t , non seulement independante, mais a u s s i en c o n t r a d i c t i o n , avec 1'enseignement e t l e deploiement de luxe de l a chrgtient£ C a t h o l i q u e Grecque Byzantine, l a p l u s ancienne de tous l e s temps. De ce mouvement n a q u i r e n t p l u s i e u r s s e c t e s d i s t i n c t i v e s de l a t r a d i t i o n c h r e t i e n n e , l'une d ' e l l e s d e v i n t c e l l e du groupe h i s t o r i q u e des Doukho-b o r s . C e t t e d i s s e r t a t i o n e s t l e p r i n c i p a l e t l'int£ret c o n t i n u de n o t r e these. Tout d'abord, c e t t e t r a d i t i o n des Doukhobors f u t i n t r o d u i t e par des p r o f e s s e u r s r e l i g i e u x , l e t t r e s e t capables de l i r e e t t r a d u i r e l ' E c r i t u r e S a i n t e , par contre l e u r s c o n v e r t i s , paysans, s e r f s e t t r a v a i l l e u r s de f o r c e 6 t a i e n t , pour a i n s i d i r e , illettr£s. Ne sachant n i l i r e , n i E c r i r e , i l s ne se f i a i e n t qu'a" l e u r memoire pour se s o u v e n i r de 1 *enseignement de l ' E c r i t u r e S a i n t e . C'est a i n s i que n a q u i t une etude r e l i g i e u s e o r a l e q u i a t t i r a e t p l u t aux gens du peuple pauvres e t humbles, a" cause de sa s i m p l i c i t y de 1'en-seignement moral e t s p i r i t u e l . En p a r l a n t de ces g e n s - l a , 181 j£sus ne d i s a i t - i l pas: "B£nis s o i e n t l e s pauvres d 1 e s p r i t , c a r l e royaume des cieux e s t a eux". Poss^dant c e t e s p r i t c h r ^ t i e n dans l e u r coeur e t l e u r ame, i l s penserent q u ' i l s pouvaient se l i b e r e r e t s ' e l o i g n e r des r i t e s pompeux de l ' E g l i s e Orthodoxe Russe. Bi e n entendu, nous ne nous sommes pas £loignes des d o s s i e r s h i s t o r i q u e s q u i e x p l i q u e n t comment ce mouvement e s s e n t i e l l e m e n t de t r a d i t i o n o r a l e g r a n d i t , se developpa, e t un j o u r d e v i n t l i t t e r a i r e , malgre t o u t l a coutume d'enseigner oralement a s u b s i s t ^ meme jusqu'S nos j o u r s , e t e s t rest£e encore t r d s e f f e c t i v e dans l a facon dont l e s Doukhobors perp^tuent l e u r l i t u r g i e ; l e u r pensee: "Que toute p a r o l e s o i t S c r i t e dans v o t r e coeur e t d i f f u s e d par v o t r e bouche", e x p l i q u e que 1 1enseignement o r a l d o i t se p e r p ^ t u e r , meme s i l e s gens deviennent i n s t r u i t s e t l e t t r e s . Pour a s s i s t e r a l e u r s e r v i c e r e l i g i e u x l e s Doukhobors n'ont n i b e s o i n d'un m i s s e l , n i meme d'un simple morceau de p a p i e r . I l s con-n a i s s e n t tous l e s r i t e s par coeur. E t maintenant, nous v o i c i a r r i v e s au resume, a l'abreg£. Les t r e n t e premieres pages de notr e th^se presente 1 ' h i s t o i r e des 'Doukhobors pendant c e t t e epoque, ou l a t r a d i -t i o n o r a l e f u t pr£dominante. Apr^s que c e t enseignement o r a l f u t c o l l e c t i o n n e e t r e c u e i l l i par l e s o c i o l o g u e Russe V l a d i m i r Bonch-Bruyevitcli en 1909, e t groups dans un l i v r e i n t i t u l e "Le L i v r e V i v a n t " , i l d e v i n t a l o r s l i t t e r a i r e . Les 182 guides r e l i g i e u x des Doukhobors pendant c e t t e epoque d'en-seignement base" sur l a p a r o l e f u r e n t , par or d r e chronologique: un a n c i e n o f f i c i e r de 1'armee, e t absolument inconnu; Sylvan K o l e s n i k o v ; I l a r i o n P o b i r o k h i n ; Savely Kapoustine e t LpuJceria Kalmykova. L'e n r i c h i s s e m e n t l i t t e r a i r e de l'enseignement par l a p a r o l e f ut cornirienc^e par l e p l u s grand mai t r e des Doukhobors, P e t e r V a s i l y e v i c h V e r i g i n , de t r e n t e ans p l u s jeune que L6o N. T o l s t o y e t ne" en 1858 dans l e v i l l a g e de S l a v i a n k a au d e l a du Caucase. Nous deVouons l e s pages t r e n t e a cinquante de not r e these a sa b i o g r a p h i e , s o n i i n s t r u c t i o n e t son Education dans l a t r a d i t i o n de l a c u l t u r e o r a l e des Doukhobors, t r a d i t i o n q u ' i l d ^ f e n d i t , meme aprds e t r e devenu un homme l i t t e r a i r e e t un §crivain. La c a r r i d r e l i t t e r a i r e de V e r i g i n cornmenga pendant son e x i l , d'abord dans une v i l l e appel£e Shenkursk dans l a p£ninsule K o l a , de l a p r o v i n c e d'Arkhangelsk e t pl u s t a r d a Obdorsk, dans l a p a r t i e n o r d - e s t e i o i g n e e de l a p r o v i n c e de Tobolsk. C'est durant son e x i l q u ' i l r6v£la a ses amis e t c o l l a b o r a t e u r s son i d e o l o g i e l i t t e r a i r e , basee sur l ' e n s e i g n e -ment c h r e t i e n . Les a r c h i v e s de ses s e i z e annees d ' e x i l occupent l e s pages cinquante a soixante-neuf de notr e these. I I eut de nombreux c o l l a b o r a t e u r s , avec que i l r e s t a , grace a ses l e t t r e s , en e t r o i t e s r e l a t i o n s . C ' e t a i e n t Leo T o l s t o y e t ses adeptes P. I . Biryukov, Evgeny Popov, Ivan M. Tregubov, -183 N i k o l a i T. Izumtchenko e t quelques a u t r e s . A c e u x - l a l ' o n peut a j o u t e r p l u s i e u r s f r e r e s Doukhobors, q u i l u i r e n d i r e n t v i s i t e durant son e x i l , souvent secr^tement e t auxquels i l c o n f i a quetques taches a a c c o m p l i r . Parmi ces d e r n i e r s i l y a v a i t ses f r e r e s V a s i l y e t G r i g o r y , ce d e r n i e r , p l u s t a r d , §crivit un l i v r e i n t i t u l e "Dieu, non en p u i s s a n c e , mais en v e r i t e " . Cependant, l a c o n t r i b u t i o n l a p l u s importante de V e r i g i n a l'ltd£ologie c h r e t i e n n e a 6t6 sesll>ettEes-pp±us Ide s o i x a n t e - d i x — e t p l u s t a r d , p l u s i e u r s autres M e r i t s e n r e g i s -t r e s par des hommes l i t t e r a i r e s auxquels i l a v a i t e c r i t . Toutes ces l e t t r e s , pendant s e i z e annSes d'exil, r:,f.ureht envoySes par l a poste ou, pour e V i t e r l a censure des autorit£s s i v i g i l a n t e s , c o n f i n e s a des amis e t des f i d d l e s venus l e v i s i t e r . L'Stude des l e t t r e s de PierreVVeriginocouvare^plus de q u a t r e - v i n g t s pages de n o t r e these (page soixante-neuf a cent q u a r a n t e - h u i t ) . Ces l e t t r e s f u r e n t c o l l e c t i o n n e e s , groupies e t comment^es sous l a m a i t r i s e de V l a d i m i r Bonch-Bruyevitch e t p u b l i ^ e s , en A n g l e t e r r e , par V l a d i m i r e t Anna Tchertkov. Ces l e t t r e s £taient adress^es a une m u l t i t u d e de gens, a des f r d r e s Doukhobors emprisonnes, dans des regiments d i s c i p l i n a i r e s , d'autres en e x i l ; quelques unes f u r e n t envoy^es a u s s i a L £ O T o l s t o y e t a beaucoup de ses amis e t c o l l a b o r a t e u r s ; meine £ des s o l d a t s , e t el des f o n c t i o n n a i r e s , a des Quakers en A n g l e t e r r e , e t s u r t o u t a 1' T m p e r a t r i c e 184 Aleksandra Feodorovna Romanova, femme de N i c h o l a s I I . . Ces . l e t t r e s d ^ c r i v e n t toutes des sentiments e s s e n t i e l l e m e n t h u m a i n s — a n g o i s s e , i n t e r e t , d e t e r m i n a t i o n , e s p r i t de s a c r i -f i c e , h u m i l i t e , . e s p o i r , amour, c h a r i t e e t q u e l q u e f o i s meme humour—mais jamais r e s s e n t i m e n t , f i e r t e , exigence ou commande, c o l o r e ou revanche, d ^ s e s p o i r ou abandon. A p a r t i r de l a page cent q u a r a n t e - h u i t e t jusqu'a l a page cent s o i x a n t e dix-heuf de n o t r e these, nous avons assemble l e s s o u v e n i r s de Pierre••/Verigin,sso.uvenirsddes personnes q u i l ' o n t connu dans d i f f e r e n t s passages de sa v i e , avant q u ' i l ne s o i t a s s a s s i n e au Canada en 19 24. Ceux que l e connurent e t e c r i v i r e n t a son s u j e t f u r e n t : P r o f e s s e u r G. Klotchkov de Russie, 1906; Commissionaire W i l l i a m B l a c k -more de Canada, 1912; f e r m i e r Theodore Berendsen de B r i l l i a n t , B. C , e t quelques a u t r e s . Le r e s t e de n o t r e thdse essaye soigneusement d'evaluer l a v i e e t 1 ' i d e o l o g i e de P i e r r e H / e f i g i n , s e t s s a ^ s i g n i f i c a t i o n par r a p p o r t ci n o t r e v i e morale e t s p i r i t u e l l e contemporaine. 185 EHEJIHOrPAOHtf BHPIOKOB, naBen H. nonoaceHne flyxoSopiieB Ha Ka_BKa3e. H3ii.aHHe B. ^epTKOBa. CBodoflHoe CJIOBO » 4, 189.7. AHIVTHH. EOHM-EpyeBHM, BnajiHMHp. teBOtHaa KHHra. MaTepnaJibi K H3y-leHHK pyccKoro ceKTaHCTBa. TnnorpacpHH BHHHHner, KaHana, 1954. BepHTHH, rpnropHH B. He B Cnxie Bor, a B npaBiie. C npexiH-cjioBHeM n. H. EnpiOKOBa, 19 31. OHS, IlteeHiiapHH. BepHTHH, neTp BacHJiBeBHa. BncBMa. non. periaKiiHeH BjiaxtHMHpa EoHM-BpyeBHMa. C npejxHcnoBHeM B. H A . ^epTKOBbix, 1901. H3JiaHHe CBOSOJIHOTO CJiOBa, TaHTC, AHTJIHH. 3n6apoB, H. CoaoKeHHe OpyacHH flyxoSopiiaMH. PaccKa3. 3ann-caHHHH B. H A . ^epTKOBBiMH, 1899. H3JiaHHe CBO6OHHOTO CJiOBa 28. PaHTC, AHTJIHH . H3K>NrqeHKO, H. T . B flHciiHnjiHHapHOM EaTaJiBOHe. HsrjaHHe CBoSoflHoro CJiOBa. nojj p e J i a K i i n e H B. ^epTKOBa N* 7.9. TaHTc, AHTJIHH. JlHBaHOB, CpeflOP B. PaCKOJIBHHKH H OCTPO?KHHKH. O^epKH H paccKa3Bi, TOM 2. CaHKTneTepGypr, 1872. MajioB, neTp H. flyxo6opii,bi, H X HCTOPHH , ?KH3HB H Eop_B6a. K 50-JieTHK) n p e 6 B i B a H H H flyxoSopneB B KaHane. P r i n t e d by J . Regher, North Ki l d o n a n , Manitoba, Canada. HOBHTCKHH, OpecT. JJyxoSopnbi. nepBoe H3naHHe, 1832; BTopoe H3iiaHHe, 1882. KneB, YKpaHHa. CyxopeB, B. A . HCTOPHH JIyxo6opneB. 1944. P r i n t e d by J . Regher, North K i l d o n a n , Manitoba, Canada. TojicT.oft// JleB HnkoJiaeBHH. BeJiHKka Fpex. O 3eMenBHOH CO6CT-BeHHOCTH. H3JiaHHe CBO6OXJ,HOTO CnoBa N* 98. non penaKiiHeft B. lepTKOBa. TaHTC, AHrjms. . nHCBMO .HaqajiBHHKy J jHci iHnnHHapHoro EaTajiBOHa. H3 npoH3BeneHHH B. lepTKOBa nJJyxodopnbi B fluciinnjiaHapHOM EaTaJiBOHe", C T p . 4.1. H3,naHHe CBO6OTJ,HOTO CJiOBa, 190 2. \$ 53. TaHTC, AHTJIHH. . HapcTBo Eoacne BHyTpn Bac. C H3naHHH CBOSOHHOTO CnoBa 9, non. penaKiiHeH B. r . lepTKOBa, 1908. TaHTc, AHTJIHH . 186 rjje EpaT TBOH? 06 OT Home HHH p y c c K o r o n p a B H T e j i B C T B a K JIIOIIHM He MoryuiHM 6BITB y6HHiiaMH. H3iiaHHe l e p T K O B a , 1902, TaHTC, A H r j i H H . Ha BOHHy. 3anHCKH npH3biB.Horo, 1904. H3flaHHe C B o 6 o i i H o r o CJiOBa, W 94, non penaKiiHeH B. * l e p T K O B a , TaHTC, AHTJIHH. ^ l e p T K O B B i , B. H A . Jjyxo6opiiBi B flHClIH n J I H H a p H O M EaTajiBOHe. H3jj,aHHe C B o 6 o i i H o r o CJiOBa. PaHTC, AHTJIHH, 1902. Evalenko, A. M. The Message of the Doukhobors. The I n t e r -n a t i o n a l L i b r a r y P u b l i s h i n g Co., New York, 1913. I s k r a . P u b l i s h e d Weekly by The Union of S p i r i t u a l Communi-t i e s o f C h r i s t . Box 760, Grand Forks, B r i t i s h Columbia, Canada. Stooc h n o f f , John P h i l i p . Doukhobors As They Are. The Ryerson P r e s s , Toronto, Canada, 19 61. T c h e r t k o f f , V l a d i m i r . C h r i s t i a n Martyrdom i n R u s s i a . With chapter and l e t t e r by Leo N. T o l s t o y . The Free P r e s s , Maiden, Essex, London, 1900. Woodcock, George and Ivan Ivakumovic. The Doukhobors. Toronto/New York. Oxford U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 196 8. 

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/dsp.831.1-0101412/manifest

Comment

Related Items