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UBC Theses and Dissertations

The manipulation of architectural data Desbiens, Arthur Roger 1976

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THE  MANIPULATION  OF ARCHITECTURAL DATA  by  ARTHUR ROGER DESBIENS B.Arch. U n i v e r s i t e  Laval  de Quebec, 1973  A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL THE  REQUIREMENTS MASTER  FULFILLMENT OF  FOR THE DEGREE OF  OF ARCHITECTURE in  THE  FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School  We  accept to  THE  of A r c h i t e c t u r e  this  thesis  the r e q u i r e d  as c o n f o r m i n g standard  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH April, (o)  1976  Arthur R o g e r Desbiens  COLUMBIA  In presenting this thesis in partial  fulfilment of the requirements for  an advanced degree at the University of B r i t i s h Columbia, I agree that the Library  shall make it freely available for  reference and study.  I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this  thesis  for scholarly purposes may be granted by the Head of my Department or by his representatives.  It  is understood that copying or publication  of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission.  SCHOOL OF Department of  ARCHITECTURE  The University of B r i t i s h Columbia 2075 W e s b r o o k P l a c e V a n c o u v e r , Canada V6T 1W5  29  APRIL, 1976  i ABSTRACT  This  thesis presents  to  achieve  is  demonstrated  spirit steps  of  a l t e r n a t e schematic  the  of  procedure  i s devoted  and  with  extended approach,  and  on  thematical Planning mation  and  a procedure  the  the  computing  f o r the  s t r a t e g i e s . A part  cons-  of  this  of  each  types,  room  performance  based  on  activity  a set  of  Functional  Unit  Functional  i n Sequence, 2 ) i t has  5)  i t has  Project  i t takes  a Reference a Cost.  Strategy to  the  has  to be  Point  The  Constituents  i n f l u e n c e the first  schematic  v a r i a t i o n s can  i n d i c a t e d the  defined  most  be  place and  a Direcperformed  essentially so,  a  regarding  the  site  design  developed  Constituents. plan, and  ma-  Site infor-  Having  a s e r i e s of  evaluated  proposal.  In  in a  4)  operations are  Units  Constitu-  doing  Project  appropriated  5 Project  has  c o m p u t a t i o n s . However b e f o r e  established propriate  a language  In  each  those  likely  context.  process  A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme.  site,  to d e t e r m i n e  The  c o n s t i t u t e s the  Volume, 3 ) the  proposals.  data  others.  hierarchy  l) i t i s place  specific  to  architectural  housing  to e v a l u a t i n g  respect  data  programme  ents:  to  design  a t t r i b u t e requirements,  created  tion  an  systematic  a triple  types,  this  within  a l t e r n a t e programme  alternative  is  to m a n i p u l a t e  have been d e t a i l e d a l l o w i n g  truction  From  a way  in  ap-  order  ii  This to  thesis  does  be a p p l i e d  used puter  not p r e s e n t  to t h i s  manually before program  the f i n a l  system but i n s t e a d further  ting  Center,  mentioned  port  f o r the d a t a m a n i p u l a t i o n  programme  formulates  investigation.  c a l l e d "INFO", a v a i l a b l e has been  computer  i t t o be  An e x i s t i n g  com-  a t the U.B.C. Compu-  as t h e p o t e n t i a l and m a i n t e n a n c e .  main  sup-  i i i  TABLE  OF CONTENTS Page  List  of T a b l e s  v  List  of Fi gures  vi  Chapter  1:  Introduction  1  Statement  o f the P r o b l e m  Theoretical  Framework  Application  Chapter  Chapter  2:  3:  The  Data  The  Functional  Site The  Unit  Composition  Scheme C o m p o s i t i o n Matrix  Priority  P l a n n i n g Module  The S t r u c t u r a l The  Site  12 12  Planning Strategy  The A f f i n i t y  The  Programme  Base  The Ground  8 9  The A r c h i t e c t u r a l  The  5  35 35 39  Matrix  41  Description  44  Module D e s c r i p t i o n  Planning  31  51 64  iv  TABLE OF CONTENTS  (continued) Page  Chapter  Chapter  4:  5:  The S c h e m a t i c D e s i g n The  Project  The  Sequence  The  Volume C o m p u t a t i o n  81  The  Reference Point  84  The  Direction  The  Cost  6:  Constituents  Composition  Computation  Computation  86  Computation  88  Computation  Control  92 Parameters  Composition  92 99  The C o n c l u s i o n Limitations  75 79  The P e r f o r m a n c e The  Chapter  75  o f the S t u d y  99  References  l y  2  Append i c e s 104  A.  A Project  B.  The H e i g h t R e q u i r e m e n t  C.  The A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t  D. L i s t  Example  of A c t i v i t y  with  Chart  per C a p i t a Associated  127 Chart  129  Room  137  V  LIST  OF TABLES  Page  TABLES I  List  of A c t i v i t y  B l o c k & Component  16  II  List  of A c t i v i t y  Code 6* H i e r a r c h y  I  III  List  o f Room B l o c k & Component  20  IV  List  o f Room Code & H i e r a r c h y  21  V  List  of A t t r i b u t e  B l o c k & Component  23  VI  List  of A t t r i b u t e  Code & H i e r a r c h y  24  VII  The F u n c t i o n a l  VIII  List  of Planning  IX  List  of S t r u c t u r a l  X  Site  Planning  Analysis  XI  Site  Planning  General Assignment  XII  Site  Planning  Assignment  XIII  General D i r e c t i o n  XIV  Unit  XV  The Sequence C o m p u t a t i o n  XVI  The Volume  XVII  The R e f e r e n c e P o i n t  XVIII  The D i r e c t i o n  XIX  The C o s t C o m p u t a t i o n  XX  The P r o j e c t  Constituents  XXI  The C o n t r o l  Parameters  Unit  7  C o m p o s i t i o n Form  34  Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s  46  Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s  2  6  8  *  7  72  Assignment  Cost Assignment  Computation  5  Steps  Computation  3  7  4  80  Steps  Computation  7  Steps  Steps  Steps Computation  Computation  Form  Form  8  3  8  5  8  7  9  0  91 9  8  vi  LIST  OF  FIGURES Page  FIGURES 11  1  The  System  Diagram  2  The  Data  3  The  Functional  4  The  Scheme C o m p o s i t i o n  5  The  Affinity  6  The  Ground  7  The  Planning  8  Planning  9  Structural  10  Site  Planning  Analysis  1 1  Site  Planning  General  12  The  Project  Constituents  13  The  Control  Parameters Composition  Base  14  Diagram Unit  Composition  Diagram  38  Diagram  40  Matrix  Priority  43  Matrix  & Structural  Module  Module  45  Grid  48  Configuration  Module  33  53  Configuration  67  Grid Assignment  70  Grid  Composition  Diagram  Diagram  78 94  •a  1 CHAPTER There  l : INTRODUCTION  have  different defined  been  attempts  each  programme  project  a stratified  to  elaborate  of  architecture  ture in  a new  (.13) d i r e c t o r  other  style.  without  precisely  aspects . The time  This  by  opposition  design  justifica-  structure. of  of  architecture  endeavour  of the  custom  Department  at the U n i v e r s i t y  Tradi-  an o c c a s i o n  any s t r o n g  f o r a standard  (1971) t h a t  design  form  was each  o f the Abucus  Science  Glasgow, mentioned from  the unique  architectural  by  community,  and p r o c e d u r e s .  building  has c o n t i n u e d  and B u i l d i n g  terms  approach  to s e a r c h  architectural  architecture  reflected  analysis  or r a t i o n a l e  guished  used  by a d i s t i n g u i s h e d  to  W. Maver  to d e s c r i b e  and c o n s i s t e n t l y  tionally  tion  i n the c o n t e m p o r a r y  Thomas  Architec-  Stratchclyde is distin-  t h r e e main  characte-  ristics: a)  the m a g n i t u d e  b)  the t n u l t i - v a r i a t e n a t u r e  c)  the temporal  One  of t h e " s o l u t i o n  variation  i n t e r e s t i n g observation  tics  i s that  the i n a b i l i t y  space"  o f the p r o b l e m , and  in requirements. by Maver t o come  about  those  t o terms w i t h  characteristhem has  necessitated: a)  a retreat  b)  a hierarchy  into  stylism,  of p r i o r i t y  weightings  t e c t , and c)  an i n f l e x i b l e  monumentali t y ,  personal  t o each  archi-  It  i s the  intention  of  this  thesis  designed  to o b v i a t e  The  f o r each  architect  First  need  need  obvious.  facilitate at  the  a l l levels  planning,  the  need  and  room w i t h We  learn  project The  and  and  required track  of  them items  the  the  system  present  One  of  has  been  med  in  matical  them,  1966 and  tion  f o r the  tion  of  not  the  very  information,  programme, the d e s i g n . We  f o r a wide  having  have  field  of  experimental  i n an  to be  and  also  prefe-  scheme project  objective  explained  site  activity  o f v a r i a b l e s from  to o t h e r s  will  format.  and  interfaced  to  justisystem,  in turn r e q u i r e s a p r e c i s e o r g a n i s a t i o n . time  development  issue is  in d e s c r i b i n g  requires a structured, flexible this  more  the  of each  performance  transmit  the  do  the  process: and  this  s t r u c t u r e which  of more and  versatility  t o keep  about  reconsider  design,  attributes  have  to  articulate  design  schematic  l a r g e number  fied  an  for increased  rences. and  the  a mechanism  shortcomings.  manipulation of  the  At  we  these  to o u t l i n e  of  some c o n s u l t a n t the  CCB  active  to o f f e r  manipulation  (Consultants during  of  architectural  Computation  past  undertaken  few  analysis,  design  years.  i n d u s t r y , with  digital  computer  intervene  i n the  techniques. preparation  and  emphasis As of  I t was  project on  the  consultants, the  data.  Bureau)  c o n s u l t i n g s e r v i c e s in research,  engineering building  the  g r o u p s have  (5) formatheevaluaapplica they  architectural  concept. Their  role  i s to  ques each  scheme done by  intervene  at  toward  this  between of  the  the  the  tects  link  n a g e d . The their  CCB  neers,  CRS  (Caudill  in  development  data  base  the  level,  a)  room  and  b)  people  and  c)  materials  d)  weather putation  These phases by  data of  building  of  evaluation  building  per-  of  this  nature  product,  has  and  to  be  in a housing  schools,  Scott) systems  (4)  archiwell  project,  h o s p i t a l s and  has  also  approach,  ma-  and  public Engi-  contributed  e s p e c i a l l y at efforts  data:  characteristics,  between  data  which  of  thermal  b a s e s were  grouping  the  gap  interactions,  flow  the  the  for hospital projects. Their  departmental  flow  important  and  on  do  organized  of A r c h i t e c t s , P l a n n e r s ,  this  were r e l a t e d t o U a r e a s  base  i f they  are  i s an  involved  to  Rowlett of  data  techni-  " a r c h i t e c t u r a l performance".  social been  group  course  i s based  the  i s devoted  Another  the  of  never  buildings.  sophisticated  the  data  consultants  for  has  the  evaluation  between  experience  the  of  i s a part  responsible  level,  However, t h e r e  construction  formance w h i c h Yet  programming  scheme. T h i s  with  a r c h i t e c t s . Of  evaluation.  the  evaluate  was  departments, used  analysis  and  com-  loads. used  to  p r o j e c t . These  them  f o r energy  generate reports  for evaluation  configurations.  of  reports  can  best  "candidate  through a l l be  discussed  schemes"  or  The  l e a d i n g School  tectural  data  Building  Science  gow.  They  i n the m a t t e r  seems t o be t h e Department  have d e v e l o p e d  evaluation  For  instance  for  1ocation - a 11ocation  and  local  or more the  distance  from  may  approach  what  we  call  Computation,  in  the a v e r age,  in  t o d e t e r m i n e the  or the  of  basic  opt imum " b e s t " may  pobe  furthest,  l i m i t s may which c a se  be p i atranspor  a 1 l o c a t i ons;  fixed, i . e . already  some  ex i s t i n g .  program i s s i m i l a r i n n a t ur e t o  i n the p r e s e n t o r more  this  i t sd emand" po i n t s  of the c e n t r e s ,  this  l o c a t i o n s f o r one  solves  t h e c e n t r e ; u pper  be con s i d e r e d used  to  designed  and the a l l o c a t i o n  f e a t u r e s : the  either  a n a l y s i s i s used  centres The  travelled  on the c a p a c i t i e s  tation  or f a c i l i t i e s  relative  analysis.  a t r e g i o n a l , urban  the " b e s t "  t o them. The program  as m i n i m i z i n g  defined  and d e s i g n  achieve  1ocation - a 11ocation  in planning,  the f o l l o w i n g  to  " L o c a l " has been  a n a l y s i s . The  I t i s to f i n d  of each cen t r e  sition  ced  points  with  called  frequently  service centres  problem  archi-  o f A r c h i t e c t u r e and  programs  of b u i l d i n g p e r f o r m a n c e ,  levels.  demand  many computer  one program  occurs  of  a t the U n i v e r s i t y of S t r a c t c h c 1 yde i n G l a s -  the  problem  of m a n i p u l a t i o n  t h e s i s the P r o j e c t  specifically  the Reference  Constituents Point  Compu-  tation. Those  three  examples  of C o n s u l t a n t s ,  mic  contexts  contribute  the  t h e s i s and t h e n a t u r e  ofthesubject.  to s i t u a t e  A r c h i t e c t s , and A c a d e -  the b a s i c  r e f e r e n c e s of  o f the f u n d a m e n t a l  preoccupation  5 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The  systems  schematic lution  approach  design,  concerned  elements  as a p p l i e d  i s a method with  to the development  of problem  the i n t e r a c t i o n  i n the l a r g e r  context  of the t o t a l  the t r a d i t i o n a l  design  p r o b l e m s by s u b j e c t i n g the d a t a  tailed  analysis.  elements each  design  Usually  significant  level  started.  analysis  treatment  interactions  of  t o de-  i s on i n t e g r a t i n g a l l  their  positive  architectural of d e t a i l  lier  phases  before  e f f e c t s on  systems  limit  the l e v e l  should  c a n be  i s developed  be made  to a  design  after  i s e-  a detailed  requirements,  are often  d e c i s i o n s made  t h e use o f a l t e r n a t i v e  i m p l i e s a change  o f the d e s i g n  of d e t a i l  ring  the schematic  part  o f the programming  there  work.  in ear-  design  solu-  phase  phase design  are value  i n the t i m i n g of t r a d i -  It requires analysis c l o s e  of the d e s i g n  design  of a l t e r n a t i v e  Naturally,  another  they  phases.  approach  phasing  i n that  engineering  phases. T h e r e f o r e ,  unduly  in later  ractions  design  o f t r a d e o f f s among programme  in d i f f e r e n t  tional  are s e q u e n t i a l  of one phase b e f o r e  D e c i s i o n s which  made  tions  procedures  the c o m p l e t i o n  initiated.  to  to optimize  problem  other.  require  The  emphasis  and s o -  project. It  methods o f i n d e p e n d e n t  of i n f o r m a t i o n  Conventional  ven  definition  among t h e many  avoids  The p r i m a r y  o f the  development  as w e l l  phase du-  as d u r i n g  to p r o p e r l y  evaluate  the l a t t e r the i n t e -  solutions.  judgements  to be made, many f a c -  tors  enter  natives  into  for  each  e x a m i n e d . The and  include  engineer, perts  and  ideas  In  of  fact,  the  following: each  part  evaluate each In  tives a)  ifwe of  the  build  toward  an  an  c)  elaborate  d)  the  develop  processing  able  how  the  the  the  of  concept  use  practice,  In  exinfor-  i t s pre-  becomes a  and  its  inte-  thesis  of  the  the  has  been  the  applicable  potential  project  but  to  to re-  also  understanding.  approach  the  general  objec-  to:  organize  the  information  available  programme, i t to  a procedure  a coding  architect  fragmented.  have  and  of  substantial  information  we  project  solution.  this  the  view  systematic  and  to  the  approach  be  possible  maintenance  a building  than  alter-  the  team  and  final  of  layout,  have been  project  full  of  them must  to  concerning  systems  led  overall  level  to  compared  provide  a  rather  which  project  thesis  a l l of  the  to  toward  architectural  describe  of  of  of  i t s view  inventory  b)  ding  as  idea  only  spirit  be  know p r e c i s e l y  the  and  Decisions  be  is global, main  not  of  must  is a variety  owner, o p e r a t i n g  leading  tool  particular  the  decision  alternatives,  system  There  participation  whom w i l l  working  grated  of  evolved.  contractor,  sentation great  level  the  a l l of  mation  analysis.  preferential  a synthesis  must  any  of  perform changes  requirements system,  a  schematic  for  a better  toward  compatible  to memorize  every  the with  design, understan-  scheme  selection,  automatic  single  word  data  used.  7  A  set of d e t a i l e d  be  summarized  a)  provide  the  t h e Data  Base may  as f o l l o w s :  a name  attributes,  objectives regarding  f o r a l l types  within  preparation  a housing  of a c t i v i t i e s ,  rooms and  context,  can a l l o w  of many a r c h i t e c t u r a l  which  programmes on t h e  same b a s i s , b)  allow  aggregation  o f a l l measurements  every  s c a l e and s t e p  and q u a n t i t i e s at  i n the computation  of the P r o j e c t  Constituents, c)  allow  aggregation  tectural gramme d)  allow to  of q u a n t i t i e s i n u n i t s r e l a t e d  c o n s i d e r a t i o n s and p r o v i d e  rapid  to archi-  response  t o pro-  changes, r e - o r g a n i s a t i o n o f the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t  more d e t a i l e d  awareness  i n response  o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e and o t h e r  non-architectural constraints, e)  provide and  an i n t e r f a c e  rooms,  optimize  according  these  data.  f o r a l l data  describing  to d i f f e r e n t  attribute  activities requirements,  8  THEORETICAL  FRAMEWORK  To  most  gain  the  examples, a)  study  the  link  b)  definitions  and  see  system  of the  the  the  use  and  study  links  Overall  the  given  i s recommended:  among  them. For  System  38),  the  Project  tuents  Composition  Diagram(Page  78),  and  the  meters  Composition  Diagram(Page  94),  using  the  coding  Data Base  s y s t e m , compose  and  the  Unit  Consti-  Control  a Functional  Functional  the  Diagram(Page l l )  Diagram(Page  Unit  Composition  Para-  with Form(Pa-  34),  from  this  using and  e)  the  Scheme C o m p o s i t i o n  ge  d)  of  f o l l o w i n g order  comprehension  the  c)  the  benefit  the  the  from  Functional Project  described  the  Project  meters  using  ge  and  98)  simulate  Constituents procedure  Control  (chapter  Constituents  Form(Page  91)  4),  compute  i n the  schematic  Project  Computation  procedure  somewhere  i n the  the  Parameters  described  a change  transformation  compute  Constituents,  the  the  Unit  the  Control  Computation (chapter process  design  Form(Pa-  5) to  (not  Para-  see  done  the in  the  thes i s ) , f ) come back ges  i n the  planning (not  to  done  the  Site  scheme c o m p o s i t i o n Planning  strategy i n the  plays  Assignment a role  thesis).  items t o see  i n the  and  make  how  schematic  the  chansite  design  APPLICATION  The  methodology  ciated  with  Most  of  pare  the  model  the  the  time  sign was  We  have the  handling be  "Day  Care"  the  developed  have  the  composed  needed  one  been  stages needs  activity shown;  of  of  the  the  F u n c t i o n a l Unit  process.  people  are  Selection  Programme. On  the  same t i m e ,  c o n s t r u c t the  Site  we  Site  Information  next  operation  essentially  and  by  the  i s to p r e p a r e  a computation  the  Form  of  Diagram  other  the  Schematic using  system, de-  program  VII.  within a  Day  Care  illustrates  will  hand  Ex-  a Functional  sense  i n the  Planning  procedure  ar-  schematic  Table  In a g e n e r a l stored  the  manipulation  Data  the  the  archi-  Base  perhaps  Strategy  and  the i n the  from  Procedure.  Design. the  in  construct  and  Scheme A s s i g n m e n t the  the  to C h i l d "  Procedure  Architectural  of  example,  i t i s a part  the  A a "Project  real  "Reading  System  build  i f a computer  Composition  a working  F i g . 1 The  A.  to p r o d u c e  only  pre-  f o r p r o j e c t s under  application  the  data,  discourages  Appendix  that  asso-  project.  the  format,  process  the  computation,  of  housing  to c o l l e c t  i n the  show  as  urban  proposals  to remember  thesis,  has  Appendix  tectural  design  alternative  to  any  is directly  presentation  Functional Unit  Unit  different  of  thesis  needed  the  whole  aims  the  the  Throughout  the  energy  q u a n t i t y of d a t a  p l a n . We  would  the  to e x p r e s s  ample" w i t h the  the  in t h i s  stages  develop  start  planning.  and  early  forms,  and  chitect  presented  the The  This is  programme  and  10  site  informations  Having its  done  a  first  Performance  cedure. for  a  list  a library  hierarchy  with  piece  assignment  SCHEMATIC  the  :  a  Computation a high  Pro-  performance  i t becomes  by  compa-  t o F i g . 1 and  t o the whole  thesis.  organized  following a  Components and p r o p e r  l  i  s  t  o  grouped a  of land,  DESIGN:  w  a  y  f  Names.  limitations  activities,  into t  o  using  the r e s u l t formulated  of the d e c i s i o n  regarding  associated  functional  units.  organize  a response  the s i t e  information  to a a n d schie-  of the p r e l i m i n a r y in quantity  making  process  assessment  and r e l a t i o n s h i p as  at the beginning  of  process.  ZJI^Z21i^l^H££  :  tic  measure  procedure.  t h e programme part  then  transformation.  i  a  we  is related  a set of appropriate  and a t t r i b u t e s ,  particular  respect  of Blocks,  ^Il^_Zi;^MIIi£_ll{i liH£Xi  of  show  plan,  of i n f o r m a t i o n  ^5.£liII££12Mt_Z2.25.5.^!l^£  me  design  of d e f i n i t i o n s  be u n d e r s t o o d  site  rooms,  plan,  Parameters  parameters  schematic  S_ J_TE_ IN FORMAT I O N ^ the  design  Constituents.  proposal.  DATA_BASE: triple  schematic  the c o n t r o l  following  should  the 5 P r o j e c t  by t h e C o n t r o l  a particular  rison The  When  to produce  design  ments  a  m e a s u r e m e n t by k e y i n d i c a t o r s , o f  accuracy  and t h e s i t e  t h e schema-  i n r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e programme planning  strategy.  require-  11  Figure  p ATA  1.  THE SYSTEM DIAGRAM  5-TTE IN FORMAT 10$  BASE-  FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECT ION PROCEDURE  SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE  H :  ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMME  ISITE PLANNING [STRATEGY  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  12  CHAPTER  THE  2:  DATA  THE  ARCHITECTURAL  BASE  Architectural requires  an  and  defines  which  the  major  vides  data  in  and  the  design  a data  A data  base  not  information ture,  as  the  a  complex  and  will  Effective and  This  based.  of  with  tasks,  possibility  but of  be  information  in a  using  out  consistent i s what  unstructured  also  pro-  compared  structure  facilitates carrying  on  It also  this  structured  logical  informa-  requirements  be  use  project,  This  a l t e r n a t i v e s can  contrasted  only  of  information.  rooms  organized  processing  offers  which  fashion.  base  of  decisions  of  i t be  interrelated  ates  amount  evaluated.  that  design  activities,  terms  solutions  requires  engineering  extensive  tion  and  PROGRAMME  cre-  information.  predictable  because  of  i t s struc-  information  in  new  ways. The  data  (2)  has  base been  developed a  general  by  CCB  (5)  reference  f o r the  f o r the  specific  present  project  housing  database. The mat,  Data  Base  using  contains records  a  is structured triple  hierarchy  Components, called  the  and  Data  is usually  Block,  3  and  Names.  hierarchy Base  associated  f o r the  to  the  achieve of  a  precise  information  Components  to  i n the  Component,  is a  a code.  The  form  I digit  and  of 4  whereby  contain  A l l information  code  letters  or  input  as  some part  a  this  i n the  for  numbers  Block  specific of  used  letter  for-  the  f o r the  13  Name. In with  the  present  a total  Activity divided Each  of  22  in  room  17  is defined  in  activities  of  by  an the  Tables  formation ample  of  one  Base  the  and  complete  Table  VII  a Functional "Reading  The  following definitions  Name b e i n g are  of  55  and  from  125 Blocks Names.  Attribute Names.  in F i g . 2 is  the  presented  to use  Unit. This  a "Day  31  Base  shows how  to C h i l d "  Room  Attribute  Data  of  this  i s a simple  i n the  room  inex-  "Dayroom"  Care".  Fig.2  and  apply  to  the  thesis.  DATA_BAS_E: a l i b r a r y hierarchy  BLOCK_: a g e n e r i c same  of  Blocks  Blocks,  i n 6 Room  is illustrated  Functional  triple  place  for a l i s t  5 Attribute  the  whole  for a l i s t  Data  activity Unit  take  6 Activity  number  I to VI  to compose  are  unlimited  Base D i a g r a m . A l s o  the  there  Components,  Room Components,  Structure  Data  Activity  Names. These  Components h a v i n g The  Data B a s e ,  of  information  of B l o c k s , category  organized  Components, of  grouping  and  following a  proper  information  Names. under  the  label.  COMPONENT: an me  subject  by  a specific  NAME_: the  and  intermediate attached  to  of  a Block;  information the  under  component  the  sa-  is  followed  more  specific  Name.  lowest  information  level  level  included  of  the  i n the  hierarchy  Data  Base.  and  the  14  Figure  2.  THE DATA  BASE  BATA  DIAGRAM  &A*E  BLOCK  BLOCK  COM I ON ENfT C O N  COMPONE PONENT  BLOCK  BLOCK  COM CON VONEItT  NAME NAME  NAME NAME  NAME NAME  ONEHJT COM 'ON ENT  15  The  lists  Base  of a c t i v i t i e s  (Tables  gists. Scheu  I and I I ) have  The f i r s t (14) from  reference  the U n i v e r s i t y  is  from  and of  edited  been  developed  by A l e x a n d e r  Activity  by u r b a n  Data  sociolo-  of A n t r o p o l o g y and S o c i o l o g y  Columbia.  of i n f o r m a t i o n  and s u b u r b a n  this  i s a s t u d y done by S .Me i s and J .  of B r i t i s h  a collection  o f urban  t o compose  t h e Department  at  ties  used  The second  regarding  populations  Szalai  daily  i n twelve  (10) under  reference activi-  countries  the t i t l e  "The Use  Time".  The  information  III  and IV) i s from  list The  was d e v e l o p e d  bles  to prepare a working  used  project groups  i n Vancouver.  and used  the A t t r i b u t e  the r e f e r e n c e  some l i s t s  (Tables  it  to  categories.  to prepare  V and V I ) i s from  Base  e x p e r i e n c e (2) where a s i m i l a r  with consultant  the requirement  information  t h e Room Data  f o r a new h o s p i t a l  team was w o r k i n g  generate The  used  Criteria.  Also  reference  (17) The A r c h i t e c t u r a l  Data  Base ( T a -  (7) The P l a n n i n g D e s i g n  of A t t r i b u t e  Names a r e from t h e  Graphic Standards.  Table  I  L I S T OF ACTIVITY BLOCK 6. COMPONENT  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  H  Home and P e r s o n a l  CHL EAT FOD HKG HYG LEI MAT SLP  C h i l d Care Eating Food P r e p a r a t i o n Homemaking Personal Hygiene L e i s u r e and S o c i a l Maintenance Sleep  W  Work  TRA WOR  Travel Work  B  Recreation  OUT IND OUD WAT  Outdoor S p o r t s Indoor S p o r t s Outdoor A c t i v i t y Water-based S p o r t s  E  Education  EVE FUR SCH  Evening Further School  S  E n t e r t a i nmen t  CLU GAT ENT  Club Gatherings Public F a c i l i t i e s  M  Miscellaneous  SER SHO  Services Shopping  a t Home  f o r Job  Classes Education  17 Table  II  LIST  CODE BLOCK Home and Personal  OF ACTIVITY  CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  CHL  Child  BABY BABS BATH DRES FEED HEAL HELP INDO REAC  EAT  Eatini  BREA B r e a k f a s t DRIN D r i n k s EVEN E v e n i n g D i n n e r LUNC Lunch SNAC Snack  FOD  Food P r e p a r a t i on  FBRE FDR I FEVE FLUN FSNA  B r e a k f a s t Prep. Drinks Prep. E v e n i n g D i n n e r Prep. Lunch P r e p . Snack P r e p .  HKG  Homemaking  ANCA BMKG FIRE GARD IRON LAUN SEWG VACU WASD  Animal Care Bedmaking Fireplace Gardening Ironing Laundering Sewing Vacuum C l e a n i n g Washing D i s h e s  HYG  Personal Hygiene  DRES M ED I OTHE GOUT MAKU SHAV BATH WASH WAHH  G e t t i n g Dressed Personal Medical Personal Others P r e p , t o Go Out P u t t i n g Make-up Shaving T a k i n g a Bath Washing Body Washing H a i r  Care  Baby Care Babysiting Child Bathing Child Dressing Child Feeding Child Health H e l p Homework Indoor P l a y i n g Reading to C h i l d  id  IB  Table  II  LIST  OF ACTIVITY  CODE & HIERARCHY  (continued)  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  H  LEI  Leisure Social  CLUL CRAF VISI GAME HOBB LETT LISM LIST MAKM READ RELA PHON WATC  MAT  Maintenance  DECO D e c o r a t i n g R EPA R e p a i r s  SLP  Sleep  ASLE NSLE DOZG REST  W  Home and Personal  and  Club/Meeting Crafts Entertain v i s i t o r s Games Hobbies Letter writing L i s t e n i n g Music L i s t e n i n g Radio Making Music Reading Relaxing/Dozing Telephoning W a t c h i n g T.V.  A s l e e p Day Asleep Night Dozing R e s t i n;  Work at Home  WOR  Work  SECD Second Job  TRA  Travel for Job  B ICY BUSE CARS FOOT MOTO  Recreation  OUT  Outdoor  IND  Indoor  Travel Travel Travel Travel Travel  by by by on by  bicycle Bus Car Foot Motor  S p o r t s ARCH A r c h e r y ATHL A t h l e t i c s BASK B a s k e t b a l l CRIC C r i c k e t RUGB Rugby SOCC S o c c e r TENN T e n n i s Sports  BADM B a d m i n t o n WRES B o x i n g / W r e s t l i n g FENC F e n c i n g GYMC G y m n a s t i c s JUDO J u d o / K a r a t e TABL T a b l e t e n n i s TENP T e n p i n Bowling  19 Table  II  LIST  OF ACTIVITY  CODE & HIERARCHY  (continued)  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  B  'OUD  Outdoor Activities  CAMP- Camping CYCL C y c l i n g PICN P i c n i c k i n g RAMB R a m b l i n g  WAT  Water-based Sports  SAIL S a i l i n g SWIN Swimming WATE Water S k i i n :  EVE  Evening  FUR  Further Education  LECR L e c t u r e / C l a s s e s  SCH  School  ASSE EXAN FREE HOMN LESS POLI REAL LECT TUTO  Assembly Exam P e r i o d Free P e r i o d Homework Lessons Political Courses Read t o L e a r n Special Lecture Tutorial  CLU  Club  CIVI COMM R EL I SPOR WORK  Civic Activity Community C l u b R e l i g i o u s Organi Sports Club Work/Social  GAT  Gatherings  PART  Parties  ENT  Public Facilities  CINE Cinema CONC C o n c e r t DANC D a n c i n g DISC D i s c o t h e q u e SKAT I c e / R o l l e r / S k a t e  SER  Services  BANK B a n k i n g CIRC C i r c u l a t i o n GARG Garage R e p a i r HA ID H a i r d r e s s e r POST P o s t O f f i c e  SHO  Shopping  Recreation  Education  Entertainment  M  Mi s e e l 1 aneous  C l a s s e CLAE C l a s s e s  MARK M a r k e t i n g SHOP S h o p p i n g at L a r g e  20 Table  I I I L I S T OF ROOM BLOCK & COMPONENT  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  R  Res i d e n t i a l  BED H YE R EL  Bed Space H y g i e n e Space R e l a x a t i o n Space  C  Commercial  COM OFF RET VAU  Commun i c a t i on Office R e t a i l Space Vault  D  Institution/ Treatment  EXA TRE WOR  Exam i nat i on T r e a tmen t Workroom  U  Educat i onal  TEA LAB  Teaching Laboratory  I  Industrial  MAI PRO STO  Maintenance Processing Storage  CIR OPE  Circulation Open S p c e  T  Transportation  a  Table  IV  L I S T OF ROOM CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  R  BED  Bed  BEDS Bedroom CUBL C u b i c l e  HYE  Hygiene  Residential  REL  Commercial  Institution Treatment  Space Space  Relaxation Space  BATR Bathroom CUBL C u b i c l e DRER D r e s s i n g TOIL T o i l e t  Rm.  DAYR LIVI LOUN PLAY SOLA SUND WAIT  Dayroom Living Rm. Lounge Playroom Solarium Sundeck W a i t i n g Rm. Computer Rm. M u s i c Rm. Projection Rm. T e l e p h o n e Rm.  COM  Communication  COMP MUSC PROJ TELE  OFF  Office  Space  OFFI  Office  RET  Retail  Space  BARS CHAP DINN SHOP STOE  Bar Chapel Dining Shop Store  VAU  Vault  BANC Bank STOR S t o r a g e  EXA  Examination  EXAM  TRE  Treatment  WOK  Workroom  Rm.  Special  Examination  OPER O p e r a t i o n GYMN Gymnasium POOL P o o l SONA Sauna  Rm.  Rm.  Table  IV  LIST  OF ROOM CODE & HIERARCHY ( c o n t i n u e d )  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  U  TEA  Teaching  CLAS CONF LIBR MUSE REAR SEMI STUD STYD  LAB  Laboratory  DARK Dark  I  T  Education  Industrial  Transportation  Classroom C o n f e r e n c e Rm, Library Museum R e a d i n g Rm. Seminar Rm. Studio S t u d y Rm. Rm.  HOUK H o u s e k e e p i n g WORK Workshop  MA I  Maintenance  PRO  Processing  GARA KITC LAUM  STO  Storage  LOAD L o a d i n g Dock LOCK L o c k e r s  CIR  OPE  Circulation  Open  Space  BALC CORR ELEV ESCA MALL PARG STAI VEST  Garage Kitchen Laundry  Balcony Corridor Elevator Escalator Mall Parking Stairs Vestibule  GARE Garden OPEN Open Rm. PARK Park PLAG P l a y g r o u n d  23 Table  V  L I S T OF ATTRIBUTE BLOCK & COMPONENT  CODE BLOCK  CODE COMPONENT  Space  SA SC SF SH SR SS SM SW SO  Area Requirement per C a p i t a A c c e s s t o t h e Room Floor Finishes Height Requirement Number o f Rooms Number o f Room S i d e s Room P e r i m e t e r R e q u i r e m e n t Wall F i n i s h e s Window R e q u i r e m e n t  Equipment  EE EF EM EP  E l e c t r i c a l Requirement F i x t u r e Requirement M e c h a n i c a l Requirement Plumbing Requirement  People  PT PQ  Type o f P e o p l e Number o f P e o p l e p e r Room  Site  IX IF 10 IL IN IP IS IT IA IR IV IW  Existing Buildings Soil Capacity Land O w n e r s h i p Land Use Noise Contours Special Features Surface Condition Topography T r a f f i c Condition T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System Vegetation View  Time  TW TD TP TU  Week Day Period Occurrence  24  Table  VI  CODE BLOCK Space  L I S T OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE COMPONENT SA  A r e a Requi r e ment p e r C a p i t a  SC  Access Room  to t h e  CODE NAME See  0 1 2 3 4 5 6  7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  the Appendix C  Unspec i f i ed From a n o t h e r Room From a Main Corridor From a C o r r i d o r From O u t s i d e From a n o t h e r Room and a C o r r i d o r From a n o t h e r Room and a Main C o r r i d o r From a n o t h e r Room and O u t s i d e From a C o r r i d o r and Out s i d e From a Main C o r r i dor and O u t s i d e Unspec i f i ed Carpet Ceramic Tile C u s h i o n Sheet V i n y l Cemen t Top i ng Epoxy V i n y l Neoprene T e r r a z o Semivitreous T i l e Seam l e s s V i n y l Vinyl Asbestos Tile  SF  Floor Finishes  SH  Height R e q u i rement  See t h e A p p e n d i x B  SR  Number o f Rooms  Number g i v e n by the Archi tectural P r o g r amme  SS  Number o f Room S i d e s  0 1 2 3  Unspecified A specified M i n i mum Max imum  number  25 Table  VI  LIST  CODE BLOCK Space  OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  SM  Room Per ime t e r  0 1 2 3  Unspecified A s p e c i f i e d Number M i n imum Maximum  SW  Wall Finishes  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Gypsum B o a r d Plywood P l a s t i c Laminate Vinyl Fabric Flat Latex Epoxy P a i n t Eggshell Alkyd Vinyl Acrylic Wood  SO  Window Requ i rement  0 1  Unspecified P r e f e r r e d with l e s s than 257. o f t h e l o n g e s t wal1 R e q u i r e d w i t h a 7. of t h e l o n g e s t w a l l Undesirable Non-Essential Special Features  2 3 4 5 Equipment  (continued)  EE  Electrical Requirement  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Power f o r l i g h t i n g Power 110 v o l t Power 220 v o l t S p e c i a l Power . Special Lighting Emergency Power L i g h t i n g Emergency Power and L i g h t i n g A l l o f them  FX  Fixture  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspec i f i ed Disposable Consumable Furnishing B u i l d i n g Systems D i s p o . /Cons urn ,-• e Dispo. / Furnisi t» C o n s . / D i s p o . / F u;n. A l l o f them Furnishing/Systems  26  Table  VI  LIST  CODE BLOCK Eq'u i pmen t  People  OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY ( c o n t i n u e d ) CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  EM  0 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified A i r Cond i t i oned Heated Only V e n t i l a t e d Only Special Temperature Special Pressure Conditioned/Heated Heated/Vent i 1 a t e d A i r F i 1 t r a t i on Heating/Filtration  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Water C l o s e t Lavatory S o f t Water Vac uum Gas Shower/Bath Closet/Bath/Lavat. Water and Vacuum Vacuum and Gas  Mechanical  EP  Plumbing  PT  Type  PQ  N umb e r of People  of People 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 . 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified A l l Alone A l o n e i n a Crowd C h i l d r e n Only C h i l d r e n and P a r e n t Family Adul t Ret i r e d Friends/Relatives Youth Unspecified One P e r s o n Two P e r s o n s Three Persons 4 to 7 Persons 7 t o 15 P e r s o n s 15 t o 30 P e r s o n s 30 t o 50 P e r s o n s 50 t o 7 5 P e r s o n s A s p e c i f i e d number of P e r s o n s  27  Table  VI  CODE BLOCK Site  L I S T OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE COMPONENT • IX  IF  1 0  IL  Existing B u i l d ings  CODE NAME 0 1 2 3 4 5  Unspecified Incompa t i b1e Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y Medium Compa t i b i 1 i ty Full Compatibility Physical Link  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7  Unspec i f i ed 10 t o 30 l b s / s q f e e t 30 t o 40 l b s / s q f e e t 40 t o 50 l b s / s q f e e t 50 t o 100 " " 100 t o 150 " " 150 t o 2 50 " " Over 250 l b s / s q f e e t  Soil  Capacity  Land  Ownership 0 1 2  Land Use  (continued)  3 4 5 6 7 8  Unspecified Individual Non-Profit Corporation P r o f i t Corporation Institution L o c a l Government S e n i o r Government Lease Co-Op  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13  Unspecified Single/Duplex M o b i l e Homes M u l t i p l e Family T r a n s i e n t Lodging School/Church N u r s i n g Homes Auditorium Spectator Sports Playground Water R e c r e a t i o n O f f i c e B u i Id i n g s Retail P u b l i c Right-of-Way  28  Table  VI  CODE BLOCK Site  L I S T OF  ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  (continued)  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  IN  Noise Contours  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  IP  Special Features  IS  Surface Condition  Unspecified 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s 8 t o 10 D e c i b e l s 10 to 15 D e c i b e l s 15 to 20 D e c i b e l s 20 to 30 D e c i b e l s 30 to 40 D e c i b e l s 40 to 50 D e c i b e l s 50 to 60 D e c i b e l s Over 60 D e c i b e l s See p a r t i c u l a r Site  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10  Unspec i f i ed Turf Natural S o i l Gravel Sand/Gravel/Clay Stone Paving Block Precast Concrete Flagstone Bituminious Concre. Cork A s p h a l t P o r t l a n d Cement Concrete  IT  Topography  0 1 2 3  Unspecified E x i s t i n g Topography L a n d s c a p e d Topo. B u i l d i n g Topography  IA  Traffic Cond i t i on  0 -1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10  Unspecified Truck Access Car A c c e s s S p e c i a l Machinery Motor A c c e s s B i c y c l e Access P e d e s t r i an Only Emergency A c c e s s Car/Motor/Bicycle No A c c e s s Handicapped Access  29 Table  VI  CODE BLOCK Site  L I S T OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  CODE COMPONENT IR  IV  Time  CODE NAME  Transportation 0 1 System 2 3 4 5 6 7 Vegetation  (continued)  Unspec i f i ed Clean M a t e r i a l Interior/People Interior/Good Exterior/People Exterior/Good Garbage Heavy T r a n s p o r t .  0 1 2 3 4 5 6  Unspecified Ground c o v e r l"tolO Knee H e i g h t 1.5ft. Waist Height 3 f t . Eye L e v e l 6 f t . Screen 8 f t . Above 8 f t . i n t o the Sky  IW  View  0 1 2 3 4  Unspec i f i ed Incompa t i b1e Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y Medium C o m p a t i b i . Full Compatibility  TW  Week  0 1 2 3 4 5  Unspec i f i ed Week-end O n l y Week-end Sunday Saturday B e g i n n i n g of the Week End o f t h e Week Week Wednesday A specified day  6 7 8 9  -  30 Table  VI  CODE BLOCK Time  L I S T OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY  (continued)  CODE COMPONENT  CODE NAME  TD  Day  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Morning Afternoon Evening Night Morning/Afternoon Evening/Night Afternoon/Evening Morning/Night Morning/Evening  TP  Per i o d  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Under 3 M i n u t e s 3 to 5 Minutes 5 t o 10 M i n u t e s 10 to 15 M i n u t e s 15 t o 20 M i n u t e s 20 t o 30 M i n u t e s 30 t o 120 M i n u t e s 2 t o 5 Hours Over 5 Hours  TU  Occurrence per Week  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  Unspecified Under once 1 t o 4 Times 4 t o 7 Times 7 to 10 Times 10 t o 15 Times 15 t o 20 Times 20 t o 25 Times 25 t o 30 Times Over 30 Times  31  THE  We  FUNCTIONAL  have  defined  tivities, tional the  an  room  will  is  concept  the  identify  the  to  be  used  and  used  to  integrate  vities  associated  with  a room  Base  and  Fig.  3  the  The  Data  Functional  how  we  the  selection  with  store  the  input  people, form  tectural  and  programme  with  inside  sequence  activities,  site the  and use  time of  those  then  Functional data  the  are.  of  acti-  selec-  structure.  Unit  with  selection  room  and  VII  s y s t e m . The many  i s composed  of  one  list  or  many a c t i v i t i e s  starts  space,  coding or  parti-  illustrates  a t t r i b u t e s . Table  the  a l l of a  attributes  Diagram  of  func-  questions  list  a determined  the  into  which  is a  31  Composition  p r o c e d u r e . The of  and  ac-  requirements to  Unit  following  Unit  for  answers  of  programme,  room  Functional  information  selection  equipment, the  the  this  the  a list  grouped  activities  the  Unit.  from  A  of  what  Functional  as  attributes  sources  the  ted  Programme  rooms, and  Whatever  questions  The  Architectural  associated  units.  cular  is  UNIT COMPOSITION  shows  archi-  functional  units. FUNCTIONAL_ UN IT: with  a room  and  a  with  of  31  one  attributes,  selected  from  associated the  Data  Base . ARCH J.T E C T UR AL_PR OGR AMM E : a l i s t rooms,  and  attributes  of  those  of  activities,  rooms,  grouped  associated into  functional  units. A£ZJLY-.LEX  :  r onme n t .  a  particular  action  requiring  and  specified  envi-  32  ROOM: a s p e c i f i e d  and  limited  volume where  an  activity  is  per f o r m e d . an  ATTRJ[B_UT_EJ_  attribute  activity  blocks,  I f A£E_A^TRJ.BJJTEj_ mits  of  requirement  Space, a  1  Equipment,  information  1  a room, where  qualifier; People,  there  Site,  d e s c r i b i n g the  particular  activities  physicall i -  are  performed.  describing  cal  requirements  perform  plumbing  particular  and  fixture  involved  i l i Z i i — f ments needed  in p a r t i c u l a r  to  perform  for  particular  The  Functional  the  Project  De s i gn.  Unit  particular  needed  to  to d e f i n e  the  peo-  site  require-  activities.  to  s p e c i f y an  average  timing  activities.  Data w i l l  Constituents  needed  d e s c r i b i n g the  TIME ATTRIBUTE: a l l i n f o r m a t i o n schedule  electri-  activities.  information  :  the  activities.  PEOPLE ATTRIBUTE: a l l i n f o r m a t i o n ple  5  Time.  EQUJ.PM E N T _ A T T R _I B U T E : a l l i n f o r m a t i o n mechanical,  are  in  be  order  used  for  the  to d e v e l o p  computation the  Schematic  of  33  Figure  4>ATA  3.  THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  SITE  & A S E  FUNCTIONAL UNITJ SELECTION  ACTIVITY BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  INFORMATION  SCHEME ASSIGNMENT P R n r E m i R R  ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  ATTRI3UTE COMPONENT  NAME  EQUIP. ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT BLOCK  NAME  PEOPLE ATTRIBUTE COMPON ENT BLOCK  NAME  SITE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  TIME BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  SPACE BLOCK  ARCHITECTURAL  |SITE PLANNING STRATEGY  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION .PROCEDURE  PERFORMANCE  DIAGRAM  34 Table  VII  Stage  1  Activity Room  THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  Phase  1  Scheme I  Name Name  CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT SPACE BLOCK Area per C a p i t a SA A c c e s s t o t h e Room SC3 Floor Finishes SF1 Height Requirement SH9 Number o f Rooms SR2 Number o f Room S i d e s SS3 Room P e r i m e t e r SM2 W all F i n i s h e s SW2 Window Requirement S03 EQUIPMENT BLOCK E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EE8 F i x t u r e Requirement EF3 M echanical Requirement EM 7 P lumbing Requirement EP4 PEOPLE BLOCK Type o f P e o p l e PT4 PQ10 Number o f People/Rm. S I T E BLOCK Existing Buildings 1X2 S oil Capacity IF3 Land Ownership 102 Land Use IL5 Noise Contours INI Spec i a l F e a t u r e s IPO Surface Condition IS2 T opography IT1 T r a f f i c Cond i t i on IA6 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IR2 V e getation IVO IWl View TIME BLOCK TW 7 Week Day TD2 Period TP4 Occurrence/Week TU5  Functional  Unit  FORM Name DAY  CARE  H,CHL,REAC: R e a d i n g t o C h i l d R,R EL,DAYR: Dayroom ATTRIBUTE NAME 10.9 s q f e e t A p p e n d i x C From a C o r r i d o r Carpet 9 feet 2 P l a n n i n g Modules Maximum M i n imum P1ywood Undes i r a b l e Power and L i g h t i n g Furnishing Heated and V e n t i l a t e d Vacuum C h i l d r e n and P a r e n t s 10 P e r s o n s Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y w i t h Day Care 40 l b s / s q u a r e f e e t Usually Non-Profit Corporation School 6 t o 8 d e c i b e l s from O u t s i d e Unspec i f i ed I f Ground L e v e l N a t u r a l S o i l I f Ground L e v e l E x i s t i n g Topo. P e d e s t r i a n Only Interior/Peop1e Unspecified I n c o m p a t i b l e w i t h Day C a r e A l l t h e Week Mainly Afternoon A v e r a g e 15 M i n u t e s 15 Times p e r Week  35  CHAPTER  THE  At  3:  THE  SITE  PLANNING  SCHEME COMPOSITION  this  ral  stage  of  programme  Composition  the  has  Form, and  be  done  ment,  i s to d e v e l o p  formation Site  at  the  the  Data  the  how  Site be  b)  construction techniques,  c)  site  assignments,  d)  cost  assignments..  At  the by  Affinity  the  relationships  and  Structural  signments  are  Site  Planning  ment  and Unit  Planning of  the Cost  and  of  the  General  Strategy  i n f o r m a t i o n , and  a  exprescover  f u n c t i o n s . The  the  Site  trying  a  Planning  of c o n s t r u c t i o n  Planning  Assignment.  for another  in-  Dia-  to  e q u i p m e n t . The  Site  In  is  Matrices,  and  i s adopted.  produce  information  material  Assignment. A f t e r  site  equipment,  integration  Direction  develop-  functions,  Priority  Assignment,  which  this  to  Unit  developed:  this  the  stage  From  show the  i n t e g r a t e d by General  Functional  programme  m a t e r i a l , and  Ground  architectu-  Scheme C o m p o s i t i o n  is  level  the  next  Information.  among a r c h i t e c t u r a l  Modules  the  the  among a r c h i t e c t u r a l  sed  use  with  a Scheme  relationships  techniques,  using  F i g . 4 The  Scheme p r e p a r a t i o n  that  prepared i n o r d e r  a)  the  assume  B a s e . The  same time  Strategy.  illustrates  we  determined  a Scheme w i l l  Planning  gram,  process,  been  might  the  STRATEGY  site  Analysis,  Planning Finally  few  asthe  assignwe  schemes f o r one  have a  Site  fact  we  have  a set  a set  of  scheme c o n s t i t u e n t s  36  which ment  we use t o a s s i g n P r o c e d u r e . These  Constituents  information assignments  Computation  through a r e used  Procedure  the Scheme  Assign-  in the P r o j e c t  to d e v e l o p  the S c h e m a t i c  Design.  HII_IIiZ22.?lAII£ii the  site  :  a  s  e  C  o  appropriate  f  lationships  a theoretical  between  relationships  :  theoretical  a  to support  PLANNING_MODULE:  STRUCTURAL_UNIT:  planning  the s m a l l e s t  attribute  structural  t  used :  a  h  e  built.  units having  toget-  using a  p o s s i b l e assignment of  assignment  o f r e l a t i o n s h i p s among  assignment.  of c o o r d i n a t e s the same  sho-  attribute  com-  on the s i t e .  attributes likely  tional  being  for further planning  n  2I^H^I:_2Ilii:£lI2Ii_lli^I2il!li:!iI some  together  a s s i g n m e n t s , and a s e t o f c o o r d i n a t e s .  on t h e s i t e  a concept  could  characteristics.  lIII-ZLMm^-^HISHMHl  ponents  u n i t s having  amount o f s p a c e  lliJLJ^NIilN^^^  wing  that  activity.  ANALYS IS ; a d e s c r i p t i o n o f a s i t e ,  L  coordinates  of v e r t i c a l  characteristics.  a s e t of p a r t i c u l a r  of s i t e  assignment  amount o f s u r f a c e  NODULE: one o r many  SIlg_P. AN^ING list  an  one or many  a set of p a r t i c u l a r  STRUCTURAL  of h o r i z o n t a l r e -  between Room Components.  PL ANN J.NG_UN I T ^ i s the s m a l l e s t assigned  assignment  A c t i v i t y Components.  2^2£H^_Z5.I£2.I1I_!1^1£I^  her  regarding  transformation.  A J£J^ I^N_I T Y_M AT T_>(j^  be  limitations  unit.  :  a  n  assignment  of d i r e c t i o n  to  to i n f l u e n c e the D i r e c t i o n of the func-  37  UNIT_COST_ ASSIGNMENT: equipment unit  and m a t e r i a l ,  likely  of u n i t  to i n f l u e n c e  cost  t o some  the f u n c t i o n a l  cost.  S_C H EM E: and  an a s s i g n m e n t  one p a r t i c u l a r  being  evaluated  proposal  in r e l a t i o n  f o r the S i t e with  others  Information  use  f o r the same  data. S I T E PLANNING particular  STRATEGY: a way  piece  Scheme A s s i g n m e n t  of l a n d ,  to organize  using  Procedure.  the s i t e  a response information  to a and t h e  38  Figure  4.  THE SCHEME COMPOSITION  Slie  DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECTION PROCEDURE ACTIVITY BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  DIAGRAM  ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  SPACE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  EQUIP. BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  PEOPLE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  S ITE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  TIME BLOCK  ATTR IBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMME  INFORMATION  SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE AFFINITY MATRIX  GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX  PLANNING MODULE  STRUCTURAL MODULE  S ITE PLANNING ANALYSIS  SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASSIGNMENT  S ITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT  GENERAL DIRECTION ASSIGNMENT  UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT  SITS  PLAN!N IHC  S T R A T - S a y  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  PERFORMANCE  39  THE  AFFINITY  The  concept  planning  MATRIX of A f f i n i t y  technique  relationships component site ber  and  to e x p r e s s  distance  the same  6 i s introduced  then  ships  to measure  position  column  ment. T h i s tituent  ranges  t h e maximum  plan  clued  i n the F u n c t i o n a l  tivity  possible  horizontal  the num-  Unit.  6 in abstract  sum  figudistance  with  An  and  terms,  a door  Affinity  the f i r s t  regard  to  row  Require-  Project  Cons-  to remember t o the whole  for a c t i v i t y example  The  of each m a t r i x  It i s important  not o n l y  "Eating"  the-  time,  i s an a b s t r a c t  Component  to determine  i n the F i g . 5 and  component  at a  i s minimal,  of the b u i l d i n g  the A c t i v i t y  list,  a  or i n the p r o j e c t .  0 and  is established  component  i s shown  Unit,  t e r m s . The  the S e q u e n c e .  the sequence  the num-  the e f f i c i e n c y o f o t h e r r e l a t i o n -  length  i s to be used  on the  i s done. A s p e c i f i c  between  in concrete  presents  called  activity  trix  design  activity  considers  Components  If this distance  i n t h e same F u n c t i o n a l  between  that  2 Activity  Each  locations  Matrix  as a  horizontal  to b r e a k down  i n the m a t r i x . T h i s  a schematic  door d i s t a n c e and  floor.  assigned  possible and  has many p o s s i b l e  between  ber  is  Components.  l o c a t i o n s . The A f f i n i t y  on  until  a s e t of p r e f e r r e d  a set of r e l a t i o n s h i p s helps  and  re  (4) has been d e v e l o p e d  among the A c t i v i t y  of the p r o j e c t  of those  oretical  Matrix  components i n -  of the A f f i n i t y  i t is indicated  needs a 6 i n d i c a t i n g a  r e l a t i o n s h i p to the a c t i v i t y  that  Ma-  the a c -  close-ascomponent  40  Figure  5.  THE A F F I N I T Y  CODE/ACTIVITY  CHL , C h i l d  MATRIX  COMPONENT/AFFINITY  3 ! /  Care  EAT , E a t i n g  34 y  FOD , F o o d  36 /  Preparation  H K G, Homemnki ng  38  H YG , P e r s o n a l  6 ! y  Hygiene  ,  LET , L e i s u r e / S o c i a l .  37  J  MAT , Ma i n t c n a n c e  56  J  S L P , S 1. e e r>  22  J  TRA , T r a v e l  for  Job  1.4 >  WOR , W o r k Spo rt 5  OUT , O u t d o o r IND ,  Indoor  WAT , W a t e r  R y  Sports Sports  2 1> 37 13  EVE , E v e n i n g  Classes  25  FUR , F u r t h e r  Education  35  SCH , S c h o o l  34  CLU , C l u b  37  GAT , G a t h e r i n g s  46  ENT , P u b l i c  39  F a c i l i t i e s  J  S ER , S e r v i c e s  35  SHO , S h o p p i n g  23  REQUIREMENT  41 "Food  P r e p a r a t i o n " . Another  "Evening  C l a s s e s " needs  location  of  one  Spaces with tralized  Affinity  position  Hygiene"  THE  GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX  The  concept  a planning  technique  relationships of  tion.  With  cal  Affinity  of Ground  priority the  to e x p r e s s  level, has  between  t o be  on  the m a t r i x .  the  same f l o o r  This  i s an  the  ranges  ween  total  t e r m s . The  between number  sum  the Room Component be  used  quence.  of  tablished  of  the  regard  to  be  given  of  been  i s then  i n the  to  row  Priority  and  the  activity  and  the  entire  de-  possible  floor  column  the  in  compared  and in  betconcre-  represents  Requirement. T h i s  that  ground  a schematic  The  a  theoreti-  Project Constituents called to remember  case  determina-  is introduced  same  as  vertical  I f the  assigned  the  "Perso-  consider a  until  cen-  developed  rational  project.  and  a  is  6 i n a b s t r a c t terms,  floors  matter.  It i s in t h i s  at a time. 6  the  61.  position  number  each m a t r i x  i s important with  0 and  Ground  to d e t e r m i n e It  floor  relationships  position  we  abstract figure  with  other  the  not  preferred  a complete  2 Room Components  i s done. A s p e c i f i c  te  a s e t of  Matrix  that  example  has  i.e. a relative  sign  the  than  Priority  associated floor,  A good  with  does  will  Room Components.  rather  Ground  other  Matrix  Care"  meaning  Requirement  Priority  among the  the  project.  nal  matter  an  with  Requirements  i n the  with  is "Child  a 0 relationship  in r e l a t i o n  high  example  the  sequence  room component  i s to Se-  i s es-  list.  42  An example It  o f t h e Ground  i s indicated  giene  Space"  vertical  floor  meaning  rations  with  i t i s shown  that  "Hygiene  with  Priority  t o t h e ground could  Space"  regard  with  Space"  t o t h e ground  "Relaxation could  be on  i s a degree of level.  be l o c a t e d  On t h e o t h e r  as-clo-  hand t h e  w i t h o u t t o o much level.  floor  t h e ground  should  level.  "Hy-  i s c o n c e r n e d . The  Requirement  be l o c a t e d  i n F i g . 6.  than a n o t h e r  t h e Room Component  the " T r e a t m e n t  Space"  i s shown  t h e Room Component  f o r the Room Component  possible  "Teaching  for instance,  a 5 or not f u r t h e r  o f the Ground  instance  se-as  Matrix  as f a r as the " S t o r a g e S p a c e "  association For  needs  relationship  Space". A l s o any  that,  Priority  conside-  Figure  6.  CODE/ROOM  T H E GROUND  COMPONENT/  GROUND  Space  26  BED,  Bed  HY E ,  Hygiene  REL,  Relaxation  COM,  Space Space 3  Communication  OFF,  Of f i c e  RET,  Retail  VAU,  Vault  EXA,  Spa c e  Examination  TRE,  Treatment  WOR ,  Workroom  TEA,  Teaching  LAB,  Laboratory  MAI,  Maintenance  PRO,  Processing  STO,  Storage  C IR , OPE,  Circulation Open  PRIORITY  Space  3  MATRIX  PRIORITY  REQUIREMENT  44  THE  PLANNING MODULE DESCRIPTION  There we  i s always  have  ding.  to d e f i n e  What we  geometric Fig.  7.  Bay  have  This  of  i s a 45  grid  grid  the  stricly  developed  allows  a small  the  (A),  very  system,  forms w i t h idea  a moment d u r i n g  i s that  the  design  degree  responsible  angle  grid,  proportional  regardless of  of  Module  Configuration  F i g . R)  units  remain  the  small  ner  of  the  Bay  connection  time  dimension  the  30  feet, subject  gineer  present  and  process. feet,  ce  of  From  and  Planning  dimension  the  Planning  Unit,  p r o j e c t , we by  one  Fig. 8  of  the  or  defined  between the  the  as  on (C)  Modules with  on  configurations.  the  each  i s 30  cor-  the  feet  by  structural  (B)  of  useful  Module  as  en-  the  is 9  S t a r t i n g with  U n i t s . Table  their  of  S t r u c t u r a l Modules,  smallest  Module  The  triangular  triangular unit  the  in  geometrical  a c e r t a i n point  Module U n i t .  many P l a n n i n g  shows t h e i r  at  by  a  arrangements  Bay  e s t a b l i s h a Planning  Planning  shown  dimension  square  of  buil-  f o r such  as  based  of more c o n s i d e r a t i o n s  this  Module  shows a l i s t and  the  selected material  called  the  composed  the  same. The  becomesa  At  the  constraints.  some t y p i c a l  (Planning (B)  of  where  c o n s t r u c t i o n o f many  of  representation  process  dimensions  to be  the  number  the  sq. this  surfabeing VIII  characteristics  45  Figure  7.  THE PLANNING  6< STRUCTURAL MODULE GRID  Table  VIII  PLANNING MODULE NUMBER  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 I 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3 I 32 33 34 35 36 37  LIST  OF PLANNING MODULE CHARACTERISTICS  NUMBER OF PLANNING MODULE UNITS 2 4 4 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 I 1 11 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14  GROSS AREA SQ.FEET  18 36 36 45 45 54 54 54 54 63 72 72 72 81 81 90 90 90 90 99 99 99 99 108 108 108 108 108 117 1 17 117 11 7 1 17 126 126 126 126  PERIMETER FEET  NUMBER OF SIDES  17 36 25.5 26.5 3 1.5 29 34 29 34 3 1.5 34 37.5 37.5 40 40 41 41 37.5 41 40 43 . 5 43.5 43.5 48 41 41 42.5 46 43.5 43 .5 43 .5 48 . 5 48. 5 46 46 46 51  4 4 4 5 7 6 6 5 4 5 4 7 6 7 6 6 7 5 6 5 7 8 7 4 6 5 4 8 6 5 7 9 8 8 6 5 8  MAXIMUM LENGTH SIDE FEET 4.25 6 8.5 6 6 6 8.5 8.5 12.75 8.5 8.5 8.5 12.75 12.75 12.75 12 12 8.5 12 12.75 12 8.5 8.5 18 8.5 12 12.75 8.5 12.75 12.75 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 17 12.75 " 8.5  Table  VIII  L I S T OF PLANNING  MODULE CHARACTERISTICS  (contin  PLANN ING MODULE NUMBER  NUMBER OF PLANN ING MODULE UNITS  GROSS AREA SQ.FEET  PERIMETER FEET  NUMBER OF S IDES  MAXIMUM LENGTH S IDE FEET  38 39 40 41 42 43 44  15 15 16 16 16 18 18  13 5 13 5 144 144 144 162 162  48.5 48. 5 51 51 48 51 54.5  7 6 6 4 4 4 5  12.75 12.75 12.75 17 12 12.75 17  49 8.  PLANNING MODULE CONFIGURATION  (continued)  50 8.  PLANNING  MODULE CONFIGURATION  (continued)  51  THE  STRUCTURAL MODULE DESCRIPTION  The  Planning  feet ral in  gives  Unit  of 900  i s defined  the amount  A S t r u c t u r a l Module Module  Units.  Table  Configuration.  different  Module  its  Reference  the  Project  ted  to allow  then  414  that.  The  amount cal,  Point;  IX g i v e s  unshaded  this  and  areas  of U n a s s i g n e d  We  t o be  of the Bay,  split  between  the Bay  Also  will  o f one  or many  Structu-  of S t r u c t u r a l Moduthe S t r u c t u r a l  be e x p l a i n e d  the S t r u c t u r a l Module ( F i g . 9) r e p r e s e n t  the  later  a link  i s shown between  shaded a r e a s  is also  shown  with  trunca-  a multiple  the  of  relative mechani-  in Table  IX,  2 connec-  represent  in Table  A,  Unit i s  the s t r u c t u r a l , ratio  to a l l o w  ; the r a t i o  with  o f the p o i n t  S t r u c t u r a l Module  spaces. This  450  i n 2 parts  the t r i a n g l e has been  The  build  2 S t r u c t u r a l Modu-  t o the n o r t h  notion  or s t r u c t u r a l m o d u l e s . The Space  30  Structu-  can see i n F i g . 9 t h a t  Space meaning  has'been e s t a b l i s h e d  Assigned  by  T h e r e a r e 17 S t r u c t u r a l M o d u l e s  close-packing. feet  space  part  the l i s t  feet  f e e t , The  Fig. 9 illustrates  Constituents.  square  t o have  (A) i s l o c a t e d  and c i r c u l a t i o n  tions  the h a l f  of s p a c e  characteristics.  Structural  of 30  square  i s composed  C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , also  Module  Grid  as the s m a l l e s t  f e e t . The major r e a s o n  to d e c r e a s e  ral  and  surface  the p r o j e c t , r e p r e s e n t i n g  les.  le  S t r u c t u r a l Module  a total  Module  square is  and  IX.  the  52 Table  IX  LIST  OF STRUCTURAL  MODULE  STRUC. # OF # OF P E R I . STRUC. STRUC. MODULE STRU.SIDE METER MODULE MODULE TYPE UNIT FEET LENGTH WIDTH FEET FEET A  1  3  87  34  17  B  2  4  138  55.25  2 1.25  C  2  3  138  54  27  D  2  4  106  30  30  E  3  4  189  76.5  2 1.25  F  3  5  189  42 . 5  38.25  G  3  4  157  57  30  H  4  4  170  42 . 5  42.5  I  4  6  208  55.25  42 . 5  J  4  3  208  76.5  38.25  K  4  4  176  60  30  L  5  5  189  59. 5  42 . 5  M  5  4  2 59  76.5  59.5  N  6  4  246  90  30  0  6  6  246  60  60  P  7  5  263 .5  60  60  Q  8  4  246  60  60  CHARACTERISTICS  UNASSIGN SPACE PLANNING UNITS 180 20 324 36 324 36 252 28 486 54 486 54 432 48 648 72 576 64 576 64 504 56 738 82 738 82 756 84 756 84 9 18 102 1008 112  ASSIGN TOTAL SPACE_ GROSS PLANN. PLANN. UNITS UNITS 234 26 504 56 504 56 576 64 756 84 756 84 8 10 90 1008 1 12 1080 120 1080 120 I 1 52 128 1332 148 1332 148 1728 192 1728 192 1980 220 2304 256  414 46 828 92 828 92 828 92 1242 138 1242 138 1242 138 1656 184 1656 184 1656 184 1656 184 2070 230 2070 230 2484 2 76 2484 .2 7 6 2898 322 33 12 368  54  57  59  Figure  9.  STRUCTURAL  MODULE  CONFIGURATION  (continued)  60  62 Figure  9.  STRUCTURAL MODULE CONFIGURATION  (continued)  64 THE SITE In  PLANNING  the c o n t e x t  all  of t h i s  information  influence tially first  thesis,  u s u a l l y coming  the l o c a t i o n  a Reference part  Point  Planning  ning  Analysis Grid. This  of  coordinate  ment  new  site  assignment  the number  b) t h e f i r s t c)  (factor  should point  with  division  between ranges ranges  d) the number  2 ranges  between  grid  ning and  represents  Analysis located  Grid.  Also  fashion,  a Site  t h e same  2.4  this  i s the Noise  record  the S o i l  as t h e  the a s s i g n is a multiple  grid  where the p l a n o f  will  computation  number,  be used  then  the  as f o l l o w s :  .84 t o 1.16  1.84  1.16  t o 1.48  1.48  Contours from  which  reason  1.84  etc...  o f the S i t e  Plan-  is differentiated  the S i t e  t h e Land  to  to 2.16  An example  f o r the same  Capacity,  Plan-  of p o s s i b l e a s s i g n -  be a d e c i m a l  between  acres.  by 2 c o o r d i n a t e s we  90 f e e t  of  the Bay) and has been s e l e c -  between  division  Planning  from  be u n d e r n e a t h . A f t e r could  The  a list  that  to  i s essen-  using  o f 3) the number  the second  The  This  p o s i t i o n s o f the g r i d 1 ranges  which  i s the S i t e  is basically  p o i n t s . F i g . 10 i l l u s t r a t e s  2 intermediate a)  grid  i s one by 90 f e e t .  down  a particular the  process  and c o o r d i n a t e s  ( t o be c o m p a t i b l e  to break  Planning  and l i k e l y  Unit  and S t r u c t u r a l Module G r i d , e x c e p t  30 f e e t  ted  the s i t e  I t i s a d e s c r i p t i o n of the s i t e  A t t r i b u t e Assignments  ment  from  by S i t e  and a D i r e c t i o n on t h e s i t e .  Site  Planning  understand  o f the F u n c t i o n a l  of the S i t e  Analysis.  we  Planning  and w i t h  Analysis  the same  Use, the T r a f f i c  Condi-  65 tion, ly  the  the  View. T a b l e  Having to  recorded  a l l of  assignment  these  the  areas  Each  where  area  where  has  the  some  called  is essentially  an  the  different ple  of  number  the  point  attributes  Site  Planning  an  Assignment  The  part  the  ning  A s s i g n m e n t . The  vels  of  With  respect  the  Site  Site  the  Planning  (related  General  are  between  Points  on  the  site.  signed  coordinates  Week and  the the  General  used  P e r i o d . A l l of  us  for  i s one  to  Fig.  build.  circle, particular  more time points.  XI  Assignment  the  to The  impact  shows an using  the  of  examSite  11.  is called  the  Site  Plan-  concepts  to  Components).  particular  Blocks  the  what  the  i n terms  Blocks  Type  System,  those  selection  of R e f e r e n c e  Activity  Transportations  Assignment.  indicating  allow  Table  start  i s to develop  concept  same c o n s i d e r a t i o n s about  Contours,  be  Assignment,  f o r the  we  describing a  coordinates  Activity  This  will  final-  r e g u l a t i o n s , in  ( s c a l e ) of  Planning  previous  tionships  the  Grid  idea here  understanding to  idea  General  General of  zoning  here  together.  Planning next  site,  p o s s i b l e assignment  radius gives  site  the  and  assignment.  coordinates  (coordinates) will  of  the  of  coordinates  the  this  Planning  of  break  of  Site  of  about  attributes  main  length  data  site  l a t e r . The  Vegetation,  internal  the  assignment down  the  example  assignment  a list  center  System,  X shows an  i n t e g r a t e them w i t h  a new It  Transportation  of the  by l e -  called  "best" of  rela-  Reference  Point  or  as-  is followed People,  the  Vegetation,  assignments  will  by Noise the  play  an  66  important the  For  an example  the n e x t  tion  pect the  to t h a t south,  tribute ship,  Functional shows  which  on t h e s i t e  on t h e s i t e .  we  assign  Table  the G e n e r a l than  a d i r e c t i o n with  the Land  Use, the View, and t h e Day. T a b l e  t o some Unit.  Direction  some l o c a l items We  an example  call  this  to i n f l u e n c e the U n i t  of the Unit  res-  north,  Owner-  XIII  shows  Assignment.  considerations,  likely  a  use the f o l l o w i n g A t -  the Window R e q u i r e m e n t ,  o f the G e n e r a l  Direc-  assign  d i r e c t i o n s are the  and t h e w e s t . We  XII  Assignment.  is called  The p o s s i b l e  the e a s t ,  following  Cost  Unit  to d e t e r m i n e  do t h e same, b u t r a t h e r  point.  t h e Land  Finally  we  Component:  example  Unit  assignment,  point  procedure  o f the S i t e P l a n n i n g  Assignment,  reference  XIV  i n the c o m p u t a t i o n  l o c a t i o n of the F u n c t i o n a l  shows  an  role  Cost  Cost  we  assign  the c o s t  of the  Assignment.  Assignment.  a  Table  67 Figure  10.  — i 7S \7  /^ \7  SITE  PLANNING ANALYSIS  h  >—<  7s \7  /  *i  7  >—i  GRID  )—<k  > — <  )—<  >—<  7Y •••7 \  7\ \7'  7\ \7  \7  \7  \>  c\  7\ \7  s \\ 7  \ 7 \7  7\ \7  7> \  7 7S  /S \  7  7\ \7  \  /S  /\  /  *c  7^ \7  / s/ \ \  7 >7  o  /  \  S  /\  7\WmM 7 \S7  % 7  S  /K  s  \7  \7  \/  /\  /\ \7  7\ \7  /\ \7  /\ \7  7> \  \ 7  7\ \  7\{  7\ J* /  /\ \7  /\  7\ \7  7\ \7  7 ^>  co-7 S  7  /\ \ 7  7\ \7  7 \  / V  \7  S\\ 7  /\ \7  /> \  /  \  /> \  /  ^  / V  7\ \7  \ { \/  /s \/  s  s?  \>  7^) \7  ( s/ \  7) \7  7s \7  N  1  7  Is  17 /  J\  \  s  1  -J  \7 •  \7  7s \/  k>—i  >  V  \7  s  >s  s7  7  \ 7  /s V  7  /s  /\ V  /\ \7  7  \7  \  /\ \7  s 7s7  s\  /  /  \7  /k  \7  \7  >  i>  ro  — <  S  7/S \ 7s S7  \7  /\ \7  7\ \7  /\ \7  7\ V 7  \ 7 \7  \7  /\  7  \7  /\  /\ \>  /\ \7  /\ \7  7\ \7  \7  /\  /\ \7  /\ \7  V  /\  \  \r  /\  \7  \7  > — <  >—< r\i  > — <  >—<  /\  >  > — <  /  Sr /  \> /> \ 7 '  68  Tabl-e CODE  X  SITE  PLANNING ANALYSIS  INFORMATION  EXISTING  REFERENCE POINT ( C o o r d i n a t e s X-Y from  Site  BUILDINGS  IXAi  IFA1 2 3 4 5 6 7  SOIL CAPACITY 10 t o 30 l b s / s q f e e t 30 t o 40 l b s / s q f e e t AO t o 50 l b s / s q f e e t 50 t o 100 " " 100 t o 12 5 " 125 t o 250 Over 250 l b s / s q f e e t  ILA1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I 1 12 13  LAND USE Single/Duplex M o b i l e Homes M u l t i p l e Family Transient Lodging School/Church N u r s i n g Homes Aud i t o r i urn Spectator Sports PI a y g r o u n d Water R e c r e a t i o n O f f i c e B u i l d ings Retail Public Right-of-way  INA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  NOISE CONTOURS 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s 8 to 10 D e c i b e l s 10 to 15 D e c i b e l s 15 t o 20 D e c i b e l s 20 to 30 D e c i b e l s 30 t o 40 D e c i b e l s 40 t o 50 D e c i b e l s 50 t o 60 D e c i b e l s Over 60 D e c i b e l s  1-2  2-2  5-4  1-2 1-2 4-2 4- 1 4-1 3-3 3-3  1-2 1-2 5-2 4-2 4-2 3-2 3-2  2-1 2-1 5-3 5-2 5-2 3-1 3-1  5-2 5-2 4-3 1-2 1-2  5-3 5-3 4-4 1-3 1-3  4-4 5-4 5-3 5-3 4-2 4-2  2-2 1-2 1-2  2-2 5-4 5-4 5-4 5-1 5-1 4-2 1-1 1-1  5-4 5-4  5-4 5-4  Grid)  69  Table  X  SITE  PLANNING  ANALYSIS ( c o n t i n u e d )  CODE INFORMATION  IAA1 2 3 4 5 6 7 R 9 10  TRAFFIC CONDITION Truck Access Car A c c e s s Special Machinery Motor A c c e s s B i c y c l e Access P e d e s t r i a n Only Emergency A c c e s s Car/Motor/B i c y c l e No A c c e s s Handicapped Access  IRA1 2 3 4 5 6 7  TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM Clean M a t e r i a l Interior/People In t e r i or/Good Exterior/People Exterior/Good Garbage Heavy T r a n s p o r t a t i o n  IVA1 2 3 4 5 6  VEGETATION Ground C o v e r Knee H e i g h t Waist Height Eye L e v e l Screen Above 8 f e e t  REFERENCE POINT ( C o o r d i n a t e s X-Y  1 - I 1-2 5- 1 4-1  2-1 3-1  Site  2- 1  1- 1  5-1 4- 1 3-1 2- 1 Al 1 c o o r d i n a t e s  1- 1  4- 1 5- 1  4- 1  3-1  2- 1  1- I  5-4 5-4 1-3 1-3 3-4  2-2 2-2 3-3  3-2 3- 1 3-2  4- 2  4- I  5- 1 1-3 3-2 3-1  5-2 2-4 4-3 3-2  5-3 2-2  5- 4  3-1  4-2  5-3  4- 1  VIEW IWAl  from  3- I  Grid)  Figure  11.  SITE  PLANNING  GENERAL  ASSIGNMENT  4>——0—^—6—————0 <M  GRID  7 1  Table  SITE  XI  SITE  PLANNING  BOUNDARIES  GENERAL  Coordinates  ASSIGNMENT  X = 1 to 5 Y «» 1 t o 4  GENERAL REFERENCE POINT  SUB-REFERENCE POINTS ( C o o r d i n a t e s X-Y  2-3  1 .7-2.4 2 -2.7 2.4-2.7  1.7-3 2 -3 2.4-3  1.7-3.4 2 -3.4 2.4-3.4  3-3  2.4-3 2.7-2.7 3 -2.4 3.4-2.7 3.7-3  2.7-3 3 -2.7 3.4-3  2.7-3.4 3 -3 3.4-3.4  •3*4  -3.7  3-4  2.7-3.7 3 -3.7 3.4-3.7  2.7-4 3 -4 3.4-4  4- 1  3.7-1 4 -1 4.4-1  3.7-1.4 4 -1.4 4.4-1.4  4-2  3.4-2 3.7-1.7 4 -1.4 4.4-1.7 4.7-2  3.7-2 4 -1.7 4.4-2  3.7-2.4 4 -2 4.4-2.4  • 2.4  -2.7  4.7-1.7 5 -1.7  4.7-2 5 -2  4.7-2.4 5 -2.4  5-2  from  the S i t e  Grid)  72 Table  XII  SITE  PLANNING ASSIGNMENT R.P  CODE  INFORMATION  R.P.  CODE INFORMATION  HS WS BS ES SS MS  A C T I V I T Y BLOCK Home and P e r s o n a l Work a t Home Recreation E d u c a t i on Entertainment Miscellaneous  2-3 5-2 3-3 4-2 3-3 2-3  IVS1 2 3 4 5 6  VEGETATION Ground C o v e r Knee H e i g h t Waist Height Eye L e v e l Screen Above 8 f e e t  5-2 2-3 3-3 4- 1 4-1 4- 1  PTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  TYPE OF PEOPLE A l l Alone A l o n e i n a Crowd C h i l d r e n Only Children/Parents Family Adul t Ret i r e d Friends/Relatives Youth  5-2 3-3 3-4 4-1 4- 1 5-2 5-2 2-3 4-2  TWS1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  WEEK Week-end O n l y Week-end Sunday Saturday Week b e g i n n i n g Week end i ng Week Wednesday  3-3 3-3 3-3 3-3 5-2 3-4 4-1 4- 1  INS1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  NOISE CONTOURS 6 to 8 Decibels 8 t o 10 D e c i b e l s 10 t o 15 D e c i b e l s 15 t o 20 Dec i b e l s 20 t o 30 D e c i b e l s 30 t o 40 D e c i b e l s 40 t o 50 D e c i b e l s 50 t o 60 D e c i b e l s Over 60 D e c i b e l s  5-2 5-2 4-2 4-2 4- 1 4- 1 3-4  TPS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  PERIOD Under 3 M i n u t e s 3 to 5 Minutes 5 t o 10 M i n u t e s 10 t o 15 M i n u t e s 15 t o 20 M i n u t e s 20 t o 30 M i n u t e s 30 t o 120 M i n u t e s 2 t o 5 Hours Over 5 Hours  2-3 2-3 2-3 3-3 3-3 3-4 4-1 4-2 5-2  IRS1 2 3 4 5 6 7  TRANSPORTATION Clean M a t e r i a l I n t e r i o r People I n t e r i o r Good Exterior People E x t e r i o r Good Garbage Heavy T r a n s p o r t .  R.P.  - Reference  Point  —  •  2-3 2-3 5-2 3-3 4-2 3-4 4- I on t h e S i t e  (coordinates  X-Y)  73 Table  XIII  GENERAL DIRECTION ASSIGNMENT  CODE INFORMATION  DIREC CODE  INFORMATION  WINDOW REQUIREMENT P r e f e r r e d Window R e q u i r e d Window Undes i r a b l e Non-essential Special Features  DIREC  IOS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  DAY South TDS 1 M o r n i n g South 2 Af t e r n o o n North 3 Even i ng West 4 Night West 5 Morning/Afternoon 6 Even i n g / N i g h t 7 Afternoon/Evening LAND OWNERSHIP 8 Morning/Night South Individual 9 Morning/Evening N o n - P r o f i t Corp. East P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n West North Institution North L o c a l Government North S e n i o r Government Lease West Co-op  ILS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13  LAND USE South Single/Duplex South M o b i l e Homes West M u l t i p l e Fam i 1 y East T r a n s i e n t Lodging School/Church North East N u r s i n g Homes North Aud i t o r i urn Spectator Sports West PI a y g r o u n d East Water R e c r e a t i o n South North Office Buildings North Retail P u b l i c R i g h t - o f - W a yWest  IWS 1 2 3 4  VIEW Incompa t i b1e Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y Medium C o m p a t i b i . Full Compatibility  SOS 1 2 3 4 5  East East West North East West West North West  -  North North South South  D i r e c t i o n from t h e R e f e r e n c e P o i n t site orientation.  (4 q u a d r a n t s )  and t h e  74 Table  XIV  UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT  CODE INFORMATION  COST CODE INFORMATION  ROOM COMPONENT 10. SFC 1 B ED 1 Bed Space 15. 2 HYE1 Hygi ene Space 3 10. R EL 1 R e l a x a t i o n Space 18. 4 COM1 Commun i c a t i on 13 . 5 OFF1 O f f i c e 6 20. RET1 R e t a i l Space 7 30. VAU1 Vault 8 20. EXA1 Exam i n a t i on 60. 9 TRE1 T r e a t m e n t 55. Workroom WOK1 22 . SWC1 TEA 1 T e a c h i n g 90. 2 LAB I L a b o r a t o r y 30. 3 MAI 1 M a i n t e n a n c e 25. 4 PROl P r o c e s s i n g 5 10. STOl S t o r a g e 15. 6 C IR 1 C i r c u l a t i on 7 20. OPE1 Open Space 8 ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENT 9 1 . EEC I Power f o r L i g h t i n g 1 . 2 Power 110 V o l t 10. SOC I 3 Power 220 V o l t 10. 2 4 S p e c i a l Power 15. 5 5 Special Lighting 12. 6 Emergency Power 10. ISC1 7 L i g h t i n g Emergency 8. 2 Power and L i g h t i n g 8 MECHANICAL REQUIREMENT 3 30. 4 EMCl A i r Cond i t i oned 20. 5 2 Heated O n l y 6 10. 3 V e n t i l a t e d Only 7 50. 4 S p e c i a l Temperature 75. 8 5 Special Pressure 25. 9 6 Conditioned/Heated 15. 7 Heated/Ventilated 12 . Filtration 8 Air H e a t i n g / F i l t r a t i o n 10. 9 PLUMBING REQUIREMENT 200. EPC 1 Water C l o s e t 75. 2 Lavatory 75. 3 S o f t Water 35. 4 Vacuum 25. 5 Gas 80. 6 Shower/Bath 7 Closet/Bath/Lavatory200. 105. 8 Water/Vacuum 105. Vacuum/Ga s 9  FLOOR FINISHES Carpet Ceramic T i l e C u s h i o n Sheet V i n y l Cement T o p i n g V i n y l Epoxy V i n y l Neoprene T e r r a z o Seraivritreous T i l e Seamless V i n y l V i n y l Asbestos T i l e WALL FINISHES Gypsum Board P1ywood Plastic Laminate Vinyl Fabric Flat Latex Epoxy P a i n t Eggshell Alkyd Vinyl Acrylic Wood WINDOW Pre f e r r e d Required Spec i a l F e a t u r e s SURFACE CONDITION Turf Nature S o i l Gravel Sand/Gravel/Clay Stone P a v i n g B l o c k Precast Concrete Flagstpne Bituminious Cork A s p h a l t  COST $ V 2 . 3. 1 . 3 . 3. 10. 8. 5. 1 . .5 .8 1.2 1.5 .1 .2 .5 .3 1. 5 2 . 2. 50. .2  -  .1 .1 . 5 1 . .8 I . 1.5  75  CHAPTER  4:  THE  SCHEMATIC  DESIGN  THE  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS  The  n o t i o n of P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s  what  we  matic the  Volume,  the  to express  design  Having  se  need  level. the  stage  the  and  design  tionships  has  and  beginning  ents  of  Composition  are  used  with  Sequence w h i c h  between  i s the  wing  the  given  to  one  unit  sequence  of 2  will  F i g . 12  Ground  The  placed The  Cost. and  of  thesis  tho-  the  a Sche-  at  rela-  process  this  at  happens i n  Requirements t o compute  c o n s t i t u e n t . The unit  to be  there  units.  In  the  and  the  sequenplaced  is a  a different  Planning  of  Project Constitu-  Priority  when  in  the  essentially  making  where  functional  functional  priority.  the  to combine  Room Components  important  be  and  i n q u a n t i t y and  decision  project  the  sche-  a p r e l i m i n a r y assessment  the  and  first  of  formulated  and  Activity  location  as  illustrates  It i s e s p e c i a l l y  the  "overlap"  the  context  of  the  Sequence,  composition  the  process.  Affinity  the  is a priority site.  the  i n the  have  be  Programme,  of  some F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s  operation will  a part  at  Direction,  Scheme, we  been d e f i n e d  Diagram  p r o c e s s . The  the  the  assignments  being  the  ce  P o i n t , the  In  project  5 c o n s t i t u e n t s : the  composed  Procedure.  Architectural  the  are  C o n s t i t u e n t s . The  Computation matic  There  stage  is a simplification  architectural  composed  2 selections  Project  an  Reference  in a f i r s t  second  COMPOSITION  on  conflict  case  level  Structural  of  an  follo-  •6  76 Modules butes The to  a r e used  t o compute  Site  with  the second  Planning  compute  the Space  i s used  the Reference  A t t r i b u t e s and P e o p l e  Project Constituent,  with  the S i t e  Point  and the D i r e c t i o n , t h e t h i r d  f o u r t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . The U n i t  the  Space  ject  Constituent. Also  pute  the Time  the  Schematic  Computation The  Cost.  apply  and be used  :  a  w  a  of land,  Scheme A s s i g n m e n t  £5.2if £ I _ £ 2 m i U M m i l express  i n the C o n t r o l  a list  grouped  ffTRftlggY  the  will  Pro-  t o comcompose  Parameters  i t s Performance. i s from  t h e F i g . 12 and  thesis.  rooms, and a t t r i b u t e s ,  piece  with  the f i f t h  Constituents  t o measure  ARCHIIFCTURAL_PROGRAMME:  particular  Project  of d e f i n i t i o n s  t o t h e whole  i s used  t h e Time A t t r i b u t e s a r e used  Procedure,  following l i s t  Cost  A t t r i b u t e s t o compute  Those  Design  t h e Volume.  and Time A t t r i b u t e s  and  and Equipment  Attri-  :  y  t  o  of a c t i v i t i e s , into  functional  organize  using  associated units.  a response  the s i t e  to a  i n f o r m a t i o n and  Procedure. simplification  a  an a r c h i t e c t u r a l  o f what we need t o  p r o j e c t at the schematic  design l e -  vel. SECJJE_N£E: t h e f i r s t to  Functional  V OL UM E_: le  Units,  the s e c o n d  composed  one c o m i n g b e f o r e  Project  by s e v e r a l  REFERENCE_P0 I NT: 2 coordinates assignments  Project Constituent  Planning  the t h i r d  from  Constituent  the s i t e  and a p r i o r i t y  given  another. and a S t r u c t u r a l Modu-  Modules.  Project grid,  Constituent used  to l o c a t e  o r f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s on t h e s i t e .  and a s e t o f attribute  77  D I^R J£ C T I_0_N : t h e f o u r t h that  takes  from  At t h e r e f e r e n c e  point  there  tions:  the n o r t h ,  COST:  a cost this  S CH EM AT IC of  the south,  express  DES_ I_GN •* t h e r e s u l t  beginning  or d i r e c -  t o the F u n c t i o n a l  Constituent.  formulated  assessment  i n q u a n t i t y and  o f t h e d e c i s i o n making  process  at t  of the p r o c e s s .  PERFORMANCE: a measurement  of t h e S c h e m a t i c  r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e programme  planning  on t h e  and the w e s t .  of the p r e l i m i n a r y  t h e a r c h i t e c t u r a l programme as a p a r t  Point  are 4 quadrants  the e a s t ,  Project  and a d i r e c t i o n  a Reference  i n d o l l a r s given  i s the f i f t h  relationships  in  Constituent  a functional unit  site.  Unit;  Project  strategy.  Design  requirements  accuracy  and t h e s i t e  Figure  12.  THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPOSITION  SITE  DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECTION P R O P FOUR E ACTIVITY B T. OC K COMPONENT NAME  ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  SPACE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  EQUIP. BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  PEOPLE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPON ENT  NAME  S ITE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  TIME BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT  NAME  ARCHITSCrURAL FRO CHASMS  DIAGRAM  INFORMATION  SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PR n r FOUR F. AFFIN ITY MATRIX  GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX  PLANNING MODULE  STRUCTURAL MODULE  SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS  SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASS IGNMENT  SITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT  GENERAL DIR ECTION ASSIGNMENT  UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT  S I T E PLANNING STfcATECY  ferr: PROJECT  CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  •SEQUENCE  VOLUME  REFERENCE PT.  DIRECTION  SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE  PER FORMANCE  COST  79  THE We  SEQUENCE COMPUTATION describe  priate the  here  information  Site the  a) We  have  ber  to  could  used  have  as  to  just  by  al  Unit  itself  on  an  Form  Table  appro-  description  and  Consti-  add  Scheme one.  the  Unit  Functional  hierarchy  by  the  Ground  Priority and  and  Ground  the T o t a l  f o r each  Affinity  from  the h i g h e s t  C a r e " . The  might  be  could  Function-  Unit  the  and  number  Unit  the  Compo-  come  of  and  the  Priority Unit  lowest.  back  5-and.  Require-  Functional  Priority  Sequence,  to the  can  Priority  Affinity  Ground  Functional  Functional  of  activity  we  Matrices-Fig*  Ground  the A f f i n i t y  another  111  Component, Name,  Room Components,  room  with  This  Functional  and  give  a num-  like  Name w h i c h  of B l o c k ,  name l i k e " D a y  and  to determine  together  or combined  activity  e) A l l the T o t a l  Scheme by  number.  the A f f i n i t y  Requirements  and  VII.  and  f o r each  together  add  the  Project  Phase,  and  is described  the A c t i v i t y  then  rity  first  separately one,  appriate  to determine  d) We  Unit  identification  a triple  the A f f i n i t y  ments,  Phase  identify  or  6  read  a plan  based  to  the  the S t a g e ,  be  one,  be  c) H a v i n g  utilizing  Functional  to d e t e r m i n e  identify  means S t a g e  sition  the  steps  Sequence.  which  also  from  Planning,  tuent  b) We  the c o m p u t a t i o n  Unit.  Requirements Ground  Prio-  Functional  Unit.  Requirements  Sequence; the o r d e r  compared comes  80 Table  XV  Stage  1  THE SEQUENCE COMPUTATION  Phase  1  Scheme  1  STEPS  Functional  Unit  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  H CHL REAC R R EL DAYR  CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED  COMPUTATION  CHL  Activity  Component  Select  SA1  Affinity  Requirement  Horizontal relationships (see A f f i n i t y M a t r i x )  5 A 3 2 1  x x x x x  Select  SG3  Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement  - 33  SU  T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i rement Functional Sequence  Unit  R e a d i n g to C h i l d Dayroom  C h i l d Care  6 x 2  Room .Component  ST  CARE  3 1  REL  Vertical relationships (see Ground P r i o r i t y Matrix)  Name DAY  6 5 A 3 2 1  =  0 •» 2 C3 2 = 2 = 1 £3  12 0 8  6  A I  Relaxation  0 A 1  0 1 7  -31+33  Space  0 20 4 0 2 7  6A  6A U s u a l l y we add a l l A c t i v i t y T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t .  THE  VOLUME  We  describe  priate the  COMPUTATION here  the c o m p u t a t i o n  information  Site  t h e Volume.  a) We  have  to determine  partitions).  This  Requirement  Number  (Appendix  i n the room  (Gross Area)  first  Area  which  d e s c r i p t i o n and Project  Consti-  (without  o f the a c t i v i t y C) and the a v e r a g e  to perform  this  we v e r i f y  P l a n n i n g Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s  n i n g Module  the appro-  Requirement  i s to be the p r o d u c t  the Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t ,  Gross  Unit  the second  t h e Net A r e a  per C a p i t a  of People  b) H a v i n g of  the F u n c t i o n a l  P l a n n i n g , to determine  tuent  Area  from  steps u t i l i z i n g  activity.  with  Table VIII,  the  list  which  Plan-  i s c o n v e n i e n t . It i s u s u a l l y the  i s greater  than  the Net A r e a  Requi-  rement . c) We have This  to determine  have  to determine  the G r o s s  Unit.  Area  by P l a n n i n g Module w i t h i n the Gross  Structural  Structural  Assigned  Module  Module  the c l o s e s t  We  to v e r i f y  ready  Assigned  Space  Space  the F u n c t i o n a l we v e r i f y  gross area)  one, more o r  the H e i g h t  i n the F u n c t i o n a l  f o r one  i s t o be t h e t o t a l  Characteristics  (Total  usually have  This  Area  of P l a n n i n g Modules  Functional  e) H a v i n g  f)  and the Number  tire  of  by P l a n n i n g M o d u l e .  i s t o be t h e p r o d u c t o f the G r o s s  n i n g Module, d) We  the Gross Area  Unit  required.  f o r t h e enof Gross Unit.  with  (Table  Plan-  the  list  I X ) , which  i s convenient. It i s  less.  Requirement  (Appendix  Composition  Form..  B)  al-  82  We  have  tion  to prepare  Plan.  This  a Functional  i s a proposal  Unit  Interior  of P l a n n i n g  Organiza-  Modules  arran-  gement, w i t h i n  the computed  Structural  M o d u l e . The  sal  i s done  the i n t e r n a l  Functional  Unit  the  requirements  tion  Form.  Project  by  An  definded  example  Example.  by  the F u n c t i o n a l  i s given  propo-  s e q u e n c e and Unit  Composi-  i n the A p p e n d i x A w i t h  the  83  Table  XVI  Stage  1  THE VOLUME COMPUTATION  Phase  I  Scheme 1  STEPS  Functional  Unit  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  H CHL REAC R REL DAYR  CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED  COMPUTATION  S 112 A r e a p e r C a p i t a Number o f P e o p l e PQ 5  ta  10.9 s q u a r e 10 P e r s o n s  -  10.9  VN  Net  Area  Requirement  VG  Gross Area Module  SS3  Number o f Room Requirement  SM2  Room P e r i m e t e r R e q u i rement  by P l a n n i n g  Sides  VR  Gross  Assigned  Space  VT  T o t a l Gross Space  VF  Total  Unassigned  VL  Total  Gross  VYA  STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE  VP  The F u n c t i o n a l U n i t Interior Organisation  Assigned  Space  Area  Reading Dayroom  DAY  CARE  to C h i l d  feet  x 10 = 109 s q . f e e t  o  117 s q . f e e t ( f r o m the P l a n n i n g Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s Table VIII)  m  Maximum (used t o s e l e c t the PLANNING MODULE)  -  MR 3 1 PLANNING MODULE NUMBER  Name  -  Minimum (used t o s e l e c t the PLANNING MODULE) Number 31 see o t h e r C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s Table VIII/ F i g . 8 VG:117  s q f . x SR:2 -  234sqf.  ss  2 3 4 s q f . ( s e l e c t e d from t h e S t r u c t u r a l Module L i s t T a b l e IX)  n  VL:4l4sqf. I80sqf .  •a  -  - VT:234sqf.  414sqf. (from the S t r u c t u r a l Module L i s t T a b l e IX) Type A see t h e T a b l e F i g u r e 9) see  an example  IX and  Appendix A  84  THE REFERENCE POINT We  describe  priate the  here  the c o m p u t a t i o n  information  Site  COMPUTATION  from  Planning,  steps  the F u n c t i o n a l  to determine  the R e f e r e n c e  a)  We  have  to i d e n t i f y  what has been  al  Unit  Composition  Form T a b l e  ple,  Vegetation, fy  b)  We  This  of  a Reference  the p o l y g o n  o f each  on the same  by t h o s e  means o f t h e X and Y c o o r d i n a t e s . sentation  point  items. Activity.  surface  o f t h e i n f l u e n c e o f each  then  point  center  i s given have  by a c -  being l o -  the g e o m e t r i c a l  We  to v e r i -  i n the S i t e  coordinate  3 points,  o f Peo-  System, the  f o r each  assigned  of 2 c o o r d i n a t e s , formed  the Type  Then we have  Point  Function-  used t o  X I I , f o r the p r e v i o u s  I f we have 3 p o i n t s  by 3 s e t s  items  on the s i t e :  as a r e f e r e n c e  Table  i s t o be t h e mean  cated  and  Consti-  i n the  the T r a n s p o r t a t i o n  assigned  to determine  tivity.  Project  selected  t h e Week and t h e P e r i o d .  Assignment  have  description  V I I , under  Point  Contours,  what h a s been  Planning  the a p p r o -  Point.  the R e f e r e n c e  the N o i s e  Unit  the t h i r d  tuent  determine  utilizing  by t h e  the r e p r e -  on t h e whole s i -  tuation. c)  Having  the R e f e r e n c e  Functional mine  Unit,  we  the F u n c t i o n a l  reference  o f each  Point repeat Unit  f o r each  activity  the same o p e r a t i o n  Reference  Functional  Unit  Point,  w i t h i n the and  which  on the s i t e  deter-  i s the  Grid.  85 Table  XVII  Stage  1  Activity  THE REFERENCE POINT COMPUTATION  Phase  1  Scheme 1  Functional  Name  CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED  Unit  STEPS  Name  H CHL REAC  Reading  R REL DAYR  Dayroom  DAY CARE to C h i l d  COMPUTATION  H HS PT4 PTS4  A c t i v i t y Block S e l e c t Home and P e r s o n a l A c t i v i t y B l o c k A s s i g n m e n t 2-3 ( c o o r d i n a t e s X-Y S i t e P e o p l e Type C h i l d r e n and P a r e n t s P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t 4-1  INI INSl  Noise Noise  Contours Contours  Assignment  6 to 8 5-2  IR2 Transportation IRS2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n  Assignment  Interior 5-2  IVO Vegetation IVSO V e g e t a t i o n  Assignment  Decibels People  Unspecified Unspecified  TW7 Week TWS7 Week A s s i g n m e n t  A l l t h e Week 4-1  TP4 Period TPS4 P e r i o d  Average 3-3  RA  Assignment  A c t i v i t y Reference Point Coordinate X Coordinate  RU  Y  FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT  Grid;)  15 M i n u t e s  - 2 + 4 + 5 + 5_ + 4 + 3 - 24 6 6 - 3_+_l_+_2_+_2_+_1_+ 2 " 12 6 ~ 6 - 4 - 1.6 I f we have o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s , we r e p e a t t h i s o p e r a t i o n RA t o det e r m i n e I RU.  For  Assignments  see T a b l e X I I  86  THE We  DIRECTION describe  priate the  COMPUTATION  here  the c o m p u t a t i o n  information  Site Planning,  tuent  from  the F u n c t i o n a l  to determine  tional  to i d e n t i f y Unit  Unit  the f o u r t h  rement, the  what has been  Composition  to d e t e r m i n e  the a p p r o -  d e s c r i p t i o n and Project  the Land  Day. Then  have  Consti-  we have  dominant often  most  the Land  to v e r i f y  items  t h e Window R e q u i -  Use, t h e View, and  what has been  f o r the p r e v i o u s  assigned  Unit  by making  d i r e c t i o n s . The dominant  as  items.  the G e n e r a l D i r e c t i o n of each  the F u n c t i o n a l  used  the t o t a l  activiof the  d i r e c t i o n i s the most  used.  c) We make and  i n the Func-  Form T a b l e V I I , under  Ownership,  to determine  within  selected  t h e D i r e c t i o n on t h e s i t e :  a D i r e c t i o n Table XIII,  ty  utilizing  the D i r e c t i o n .  a) We have  b) We  steps  finally  the t o t a l  f o r the whole  e s t a b l i s h the F u n c t i o n a l often  used.  Unit  Functional  Unit  D i r e c t i o n by t a k i n g the  87  Table  XVIII  Stage  1  THE DIRECTION  Phase  1  Scheme 1  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  Functional  STEPS  Unit  H CHL REAC R REL DAYR  COMPUTED  COMPUTATION  Requirement Assignment  Undesirable North  CODE HAS TO BE S03 Window SOS3 Window  COMPUTATION  Reading Dayroom  102 Land O w n e r s h i p I0S2 Land O w n e r s h i p As s i gnmen t  Non-Profit East  IL5 Land Use ILS5 Land Use A s s i g n m e n t  School North  IWl  View  Incompatible North  IWSl  View  TD2  Day  *  DAY CARE to C h i l d  Corporation  w i t h Day C a r e  Assignment Usually East  TDS2 Day A s s i g n m e n t GG GU  Name  General D i r e c t i o n FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION  For Assignments  see T a b l e  i n the A f t e r n o o n  3 North  North I f many a c t i v i t i e s t h e d i r e c t i on i s t h e n t h e most o f t e n used at the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n level. XIII  88  THE We  COST COMPUTATION d e s c r i b e here  priate the  the computation  i n f o r m a t i o n from  Site  Planning,  tuent  the Cost.  a) We  have  by b)  c)  the Gross  We have  to determine  Unit  utilizing  the f i f t h  Project  t h e Room Component Cost  Assigned  to determine  Assignment  Space  Cost  Table  (Volume  which  is  the  Computation)  the E l e c t r i c a l  Cost  Table  which  Unit Cost  Assignment  the  total  perimeter  o f a l l P l a n n i n g Modules  the  F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition than  Consti-  XIV, m u l t i p l i e d  lectrical  Same p r o c e d u r e  the appro-  t h e F u n c t i o n a l U n i t d e s c r i p t i o n and  to determine  Room Component  steps  i s t h e E-  XIV, m u l t i p l i e d  by  required in  Form.  number b) t o d e t e r m i n e  the Mechanical  Cos t . d)  We have bing ber  e)  U n i t Cost  Floor  g)  Assignment  Module  the p r e v i o u s  We have  tal  the Plumbing Table  of appropriate f i x t u r e  The S t r u c t u r a l all  f)  to determine  Net A r e a  The W a l l Table  Requirement Cost  XIV, m u l t i p l i e d  n i n g Modules  i s t h e Plum-  XIV, m u l t i p l i e d  requirement  by t h e num  (plumbing).  i s the t o t a l  the F l o o r  Unit Cost  Finishes  which  by a c t i v i t y o f  costs.  to d e t e r m i n e  Finishes  Cost  Cost  Table  Finishes  Cost  which  XIV, m u l t i p l i e d  (Volume  computation)  i s the  by t h e by  to-  activity.  i s the Wall  Unit Cost  Assignment  by t h e t o t a l  perimeter  of a l l Plan-  required for this  activity,  and m u l t i p l i e d  89  by  the Height  tion  Requirement  Window C o s t  XIV,  multiplied  ning  Modules  the  Height  The  Planning  finishes  by The  Composi-  by 2 57. of t h e maximum  Module  cost  Finishes  within  Assignment  length  activity,  Module  Finishes  Finishes  Time C o s t  Functional  Table  of a l l P l a n -  and m u l t i p l i e d  p e r week.  i s the t o t a l  Cost  Cost  Unit  by  within  i s the P e r i o d  b u t by  expressed Form),  of a l l Unit.  i n minutes  multiplied  by 60 m i n u t e s .  i s the t o t a l  t h e same F u n c t i o n a l  Activity.  the F u n c t i o n a l  Composition  Time C o s t  of a l l the  i s the t o t a l  p e r week and d i v i d e d  Unit  within  Cost  the F u n c t i o n a l  Module  the O c c u r r e n c e  hours  for this  the Funct i onal JUnit  Time C o s t  Cost  Requirement.  Activity  (from  i s t h e Window U n i t  required  Structural  Planning The  Unit  Form.  The  The  of the F u n c t i o n a l  Unit  of A c t i v i t y expressed  by  90 Table  XIX  Stage  1  THE COST COMPUTATION  Phase  1  Scheme 1  Functional  Unit  H CHL REAC R REL DAYR  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name CODE HAS TO BE  STEPS  Unit  DAY CARE  Reading to C h i l d Dayroom  COMPUTATION  COMPUTED  REL Room Component REL 1 Room Component As s i gnment RCC Room Component  Name  Cost  Cost  Select Relaxation - $10. s q f e e t -  Space  $10. x 234 s q f ,  $2340.  EE8 ELECTRICAL R e q u i r e m e n t EEC8 E l e c t r i c a l U n i t C o s t EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost  Power and L i g h t i n g - $8. l i n e a r f o o t - $8. x 4 3 . 5 f e e t x 2P.M.-  EM7 MECHANICAL R e q u i r e m e n t EMC7 M e c h a n i c a l U n i t C o s t EMC M e c h a n i c a l Cost  H e a t e d and V e n t i l a t e d = $15. 1 i n e a r f o o t - $15. x 4 3 . 5 f e e t x 2PM - $1305.  EP4 PLUMBING R e q u i r e m e n t EPC4 P l u m b i n g U n i t C o s t PIumb i ng C o s t EPC  Vacuum - $35. pe per - $35. x  CB  STRUCTURAL MODULE COST  Floor SF1 SFC I F l o o r Floor SFC Wall SW2 SWC2 W a l l Wall SWC  Finishes Finishes Finishes Finishes Finishes Finishes  Plumbing • $35.  $696.  Fixture  - $2340.+  Requiremen t C a r p e t Unit Cost - $ 2 . s q . = $2. x 2 Cost P1ywood Requirement - $0.80 s Unit Cost - $0.80 x Cost  Window R e q u i r e m e n t S03 SOC3 W i ndow U n i t C o s t W i ndow C o s t SOC CM  STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST  TP4 TU 5 CT  Period Requirement Occurrence Requirement A c t i v i t y Time C o s t  CF  FUNCTIONAL  UNIT TIME COST  Undes i r Ni 1 Nil $436. + 15 M i n u t e 15 Times 15 x 15 - 225/60 - 3.7 Hours/W 3.7 Hours/Week ( I f many A c t i t i e s , s h o u l d be added t o g e t h e r )  91  Table  XX  Stage  1  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION  Phase  1  Scheme  1  Functional  Unit  FORM  Name  DAY  Act i v i t y REAC Room DAYR CODE COMPONENT  NAME  AF AG AT AS VN MR VG VR VY ABS PTS INS IRS IVS TWS TPS RA RU SOS IOS ILS IWS TDS GG GU RCC EEC EMC EPC CB CT SFC 3WC SOC CM CC CI CF  31 33 64 64 109 s q f e e t MR3 1 117 s q f e e t 234 s q f e e t VYA 2-3 4-1 5-2 5-2 Unspecified 4-1 3-3 4-1.6 4-1.6 North East North North East 3 North North $2340. $ 696. 51305. $ 35. $4376. $4376. $ 436. $ 626. nil $1062. $1062. 3.7 Hours/Week 3.7 Hours/Week  A f f i n i t y Requirement Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i r e m e n t Total Affinity/Ground FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t PLANNING MODULE NUMBER G r o s s A r e a by P l a n n i n g Module G r o s s A s s i g n e d Space STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t Noise Contours Assignment T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment V e g e t a t i o n Assignment Week A s s i g n m e n t Period Assignment A c t i v i t y Reference Point FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT Window A s s i g n m e n t Land O w n e r s h i p A s s i g n m e n t Land Use A s s i g n m e n t View A s s i g n m e n t Day A s s i g n m e n t General D i r e c t i o n FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION Room Component C o s t E l e c t r i c a l Cost M e c h a n i c a l Cost Plumbing Cost P L a n n i n g Module C o s t STRUCTURAL MODULE COST F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost Wall F i n i s h e s Cost Window C o s t P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s C o s t STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST A c t i v i t y Time C o s t FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST  CARE  92 CHAPTER  5:  THE  PERFORMANCE  THE  CONTROL PARAMETERS  The  Control  Parameter  performance Planning site  could  what we  the  and  to  the  Diagram, From  Ratios.  the  From  ral  Module  the  Reference  the  Circle  the  Assigned  from  the  sign  as  ning  Strategy  to  In o t h e r  Planning  words  Strategy  Programme  C o n t r o l Parameters this  has  happens  by  Compo-  i n the  pro-  Volume we  compute  the  Planning  and  Structu-  and  the  and  compute t o be  Parameters or  the  Unassigned  compute  Variation.  a proposal  whole  design  Ground  following l i s t the  changes  and  Direction  or  schematic  conse-  Affinity  Center  Control  course  and  the  the  Some d e c i s i o n s have these  where  Site  compute  P o i n t we  we  place  Architectural  the  the  Programme. W i t h taken  Site  to  the  we  Accuracy,  Cost  respect  Of  each  the  F i g . 13  to e v a l u a t e  requirements.  the  illustrates  the  but  i s how  Sequence  have  computation.  meets  Design.  with  Architectural  programme  to v e r i f y  Schematic  cess.  developed  Design  programme  i t s assumptions,  sition  The  the  i n the  i n the  have  been  Schematic  interfered  occur  has.,  s t r a t e g y judgements  correspond  with  the  Strategy  planning  quently  to  of  COMPOSITION  From  the  the  the  Distance the  Structural  made about in order  to determine Architectural  to  Variation  Direction  Direction  of d e f i n i t i o n s  thesis.  Space R a t i o . From  we  Modifier. Module  the  select  changes  one  compute Finally  Budget  figures  and  given  Ratio. by  Schematic  i n the  Site  De-  Plan-  Programme. i s from  F i g . 13  and  apply  93 AFFINITY_RATI0:  the  within  Functional  the  same  total  SElZHiiFi-f i i I 2 ! i I l X _ ! i ^ l I 2 ments on  :  t  Unit  Ground  Priority  M  Area  available  :  t  Requirement  i n the  Gross  within  h  Gross  Module  Area  and  Space  the  and  available  of  the  2I£lii^££_XMI^lI2!i Unit in  Reference  the  :  and  Unit  Reference  £SSIGNED_DIRECTION: within  the  each  :  t  h  a part  of  I2™£_IIii£_li£lI2 tional  Unit  on  Module  Area  Point  :  t  the  h  e  Unassigned  on  Space  Space  final  of  the  on  the  To-  the  grid.  between  the  by  :  t  n  e  Total  Budget  total  time  c  t  t  Point.  o  f  h  e  on  the  Functional  Unit.  Functional  Allowance.  spent  possible  Func-  assignments  direction the  s  final  Reference  within o  with-  quadrant.  of d o m i n a n t  assignments  Point  site  of a l l d i r e c t i o n and  Functional  Reference  i t s General  Unit,  total  total  the  Activity  and  total  the  the  Assigned  between  system.  distance  e  same F u n c t i o n a l  of a l l d i r e c t i o n  as  Unit  between  of c o n v e n i e n c e  Total  between  £I5.H£lH^t_ll22£^_il£2£lI_]i^lI2 Unit  Planning  degree  i n the  measured  the  DIRECTI0N_M0DIFIER: total  same F u n c t i o n a l  S t r u c t u r a l Module.  £I5.£tI_££IiI£i_^iiI^li£E Unit  assign-  of c o n v e n i e n c e  Gross  the  distance  a  Point  Functional  tional  priority  the  degree  e  S IG N ED_S P A £ E_R AT 10 : the T o t a l tal  ground  Requirement.  system.  Assigned  Structural  the A f f i n i t y  of  STRUCTURAL _ ^MODULE .ACCURACY: the the  Components  Requirement.  ZtimiiI^£_ -22Ht£_^££M5.^£I Net  for A c t i v i t y  on  total  e  f o r the Room Components  the  the  h  affinity  time  in a p a r t i c u l a r during  the  Func-  week.  94 Figure  13.  THE CONTROL PARAMETERS  COMPOSITION  SITE  DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNI-TJ SELECTION PROCEDUR E ACTIVITY BLOCK COMPONENT NAM E  ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT NAME  SPACE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME  EQUIP. BLOCK  ATTRI BUTE COMPONENT NAME  PEOPLE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME  SITE BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME  TIME BLOCK  ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME ARCH ITECTURAL PROGRAMME  DIAGRAM  INFORMATION  SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE AFFINITY MATRIX  GROUND PRIORITY MATR IX  PLANNING MODULE  STRUCTURAL MODULE  SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS  SITE PLANNING GEN ERAL ASSIGNMENT  S ITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT  GEN ERAL DIRECTION ASSIGNMENT  UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT  SITE PLANNING STRATEGY  "•J  ________  PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE SEQUENCE  VOLlJME  REFERENCE PT.  CONTROL AFFINITY/ GROUND LOCATION RATIO  DIRECTION  COST  PARAMETERS  PLANN ING/ UNASS . DIST . / ASSIGN . / STRUC. TOTAL CENTER MODIFIER MODULE TIME SPACE STRUC. BUDGET COST DIRECVARIA. RATIO MODULE RAT TO ACCURACY  95  THE  CONTROL  PARAMETERS  We d e s c r i b e priate to are  here  the c o m p u t a t i o n  information  determine used  COMPUTATION  from  steps  the P r o j e c t  the C o n t r o l  to d e m o n s t r a t e  utilizing  Constituents  Parameters.  the approcomputation,  The C o n t r o l  the Performance  Parameters  o f the P r o j e c t  Cons-  tituents. a) We  have  total trix  to determine  r e l a t i o n s h i p s already between  tional b) Then  Activity  Location  defined  Components  which  i s the  i n the A f f i n i t y  but w i t h i n  the same  MaFunc-  Unit.  the A f f i n i t y  Affinity is  the A f f i n i t y  this  Ratio  Requirement. activity  i s the A f f i n i t y  This  ratio  Location  i s showing  i n the F u n c t i o n a l  Unit  how  on t h e important  and i n the e n t i r e  project. c) We do t h e same p r o c e d u r e and  the Ground  d) We have  Ratio,  to determine  to determine  Grid. This  on  the p l a n n i n g  ge  between  e) We  have  Location  f o r t h e same r e a s o n . the P l a n n i n g  how c o n v e n i e n t a r e t h e d i m e n s i o n s ning  t h e Ground  Module  Accuracy  o f the s e l e c t e d  to see Plan-  i s the r a t i o  o f t h e Net A r e a  module  A r e a . The p o s s i b i l i t i e s  Gross  Requirement ran-  I and 1.5 .  to i d e n t i f y  the T o t a l  total  of square  feet  minus  the T o t a l  Assigned  Space  f o r the F u n c t i o n a l  Gross  A r e a , which  i s the  a v a i l a b l e i n t h e S t r u c t u r a l Module Space Unit.  t o g e t the T o t a l  Unassigned  96  We  have  ding  to d e t e r m i n e  the  Total  the  Unassigned  Unassigned  Space  The  S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  the  Planning  The  next  ce  Module  Control  Parameter  V a r i a t i o n which  Reference This  distance  measured ate  Point  Accuracy  i s the  and  the  i s taken  directly  s c a l e . The  assignment  objective.  The  Center  Circle  Fonctional  Unit  ment R e f e r e n c e te  Planning  between son  i s to  site  total  General 2 points  and  to d e m o n s t r a t e functional  the  i t has  the  2 points  and  than  importance  and  to make  from  between  those  the  the  Assign-  from  the S i directly  s c a l e . The  is related  rea-  to  the  is  the  build.  D i r e c t i o n which the  and  appropri-  measured  north,  Functional of  are  Point. Plan  the  i s taken  to  D i r e c t i o n s by i n the  using  appropriate  decided  Activity  Design  f a r we  Unt  Distan-  Reference  i t s General  Grid,  Assigned  in order  Area.  each  distance  Functional  the  Gross  i s the  between  show how  the  been  west,  the  unit,  computed  distance  using  divi-  same p r o c e d u r e  Schematic  Point  This  this  a l l Assigned  east,  the  Assignment  to d e t e r m i n e  of  from  in  (d)  to be  i s to  Point.  Total  Functional.Unit  Reference  where  i s the  V a r i a t i o n i s the  show how  area  We* have  the  the  the  distance  between  reason  by  Space R a t i o  the  south,  Unit. This  d i r e c t i o n s for  changes.  is this  97  We  have  to d e t e r m i n e the D i r e c t i o n  number  of dominant  within  the F u n c t i o n a l  ce  o f the computed  The  Total  that The  the  the c l i e n t  plus Total  Unit.  has Unit  Budget  the  have  Activity Planning  week  (7 x 24  forecast Budget  Ratio  Direction.  Cost  Module, 168  and  amount  Finishes reason by  the T o t a l  multiplied divided  hours/week).  of money  project.  i s the S t r u c t u r a l  development  to compute  i s the  of d i r e c t i o n s  f o r the e n t i r e  Module  which  i s to show the i m p o r t a n -  Unit  A l l o w a n c e . The  Time  -  the t o t a l  Allowance i s a c e r t a i n  the S t r u c t u r a l  we  on  This  Functional  to show the budget  Finally  by  Budget  Structural  Cost  is  directions  Modifier  by  by  Cost,  divided  for this  Unit.  Ratio,  the number  the maximum  by  parameter  Functional Time  Module  which i s of p e o p l e  time per  98  Table  XXI  Stage  I  THE CONTROL  Phase  1  PARAMETERS  Scheme  1  COMPUTATION  Functional Activity Room  DAY CARE  REAC " R e a d i n g t o C h i l d " DAYR "Dayroom"  0 0 0 0  PA PI PO PB  Affinity Location A f f i n i t y Ratio Ground Location Ground R a t i o  PR VL VF PU PG  P l a n n i n g Module A c c u r a c y T o t a l Gross Area T o t a l U n a s s i g n e d Space U n a s s i g n e d Space R a t i o S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  PV PC  Distance Variation C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n  GA PS  Assigned D i r e c t i o n Direction Modifier  CO VC PM  T o t a l Budget A l l o w a n c e S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget T o t a l Time R a t i o Assignments  Name  NAME  CODE COMPONENT  Final  Unit  FORM  .93 414 180 .43 1.0  sqfeet sqfeet  0 30 f e e t 3 North .60  Ratio  SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION COST VP # Plan # Elevation # Model # i  - 2 East  $20,000.00 .27 .22  1 VYA 4-1.6 North $5438.00 i HI 111 l l  99 CHAPTER  6:  THE  CONCLUSION  LIMITATIONS OF This  thesis  sition tions Also  of  displayed  to  the  a procedure  wide as  range  has  of  Planning  been  i t s Performance  having  on  a determined  the  U majors  informa-  composition.  shown  to prepare  should  not  thesis  should  a defined  be  structure.  to manipulate  procedure  compo-  a  evaluation. Obviously  whole  way  t o the  a s e t of  Strategy  has  i n s t e a d the  related and  s u b j e c t s mentioned  put  are  Base  Programme  computation  document  been  There  1 Data  Site  and  completed,  through plan.  of  Design  a working  phasis  STUDY  Architectural  related  tood as  has  an  Schematic the  THE  to a c h i e v e  areas  which  could  activity  type,  room  the  u n d e r s «* •. be  seen  The  em-  information  a Schematic be  Design  improved  as f o l  1 ows : a)  the  i n f o r m a t i o n on  tes,  should  particular tory  of  when we ny  prepare  stage  such  be  as  as  a concensus  and  involved present  a Space A t t r i b u t e  attribui n each the  inven-  Component,  we  more e l a b o r a t e d ,  the  have  horizontal  Components w i t h i n  certainly  specialists  a Scheme, we  among  a b o u t . Knowing where will  by  f o r i n s t a n c e , when we  finishes  i t could  aspects  Activity  proceeded  field;  floor  know t h a t b)  be  type,  the  the  and  facilitate  to make judgments relationships  Affinity  people  how the  to  intervene  users  i n the  ma-  between  M a t r i x . At  i n v o l v e d has  on  this  to come process  comprehension,  100 c) one  of  the  the  system  system tion  different  cal  use  of  as m e n t i o n e d  allow  dure.  For  might have  ed  within  introduce  an  the main The  tenance  steps.  a  the  time  program  of  practiof  with  ap-  specific  system,  a Fortran saving  one  the  sophistica-  i n the  contacts  program  a l l the  proce-  computations  Assignment,  we  for a l l a c t i v i t i e s  involving the new  computer  for r e t r i e v a l  Direction  the c o m p u t a t i o n  Components  the  of  the a c c u r a c y o f  issue  h a v i n g done  direction;  figures  with  instead  will  be  display-  second.  the c o n s t r u c t i o n existing support  program  and  earlier,  after  analysis  increase  In f a c t ,  life"  i s a v e r y wide r a n g e  improve  d e c i d e to change to s t a r t  i s the " s h o r t  i s a key  There  of t h i s  computer  computer  program  which  program,  could  f o r t h e d a t a m a n i p u l a t i o n and  program  written  at the Computing  to add  edit  to  instance,  "INFO"  available  and  certainly  a tremendous  the computer  stimulate  data,  help  Attributes  study  methodology  finally,  with  ce.  for this will  the  as  system.  projects  then  To  will  measurements  the  would  the  procedure. A close  o f the c o m p u t a t i o n  the  we  of  computation  performance  plication  d)  limitation  Center  enables a user  elements  to t h i s  t h e s e d a t a , and  by  John  Campbell  file,  a file  data of  to i n t e r n a l l y  to r e c o v e r any  portion  used  maintenan(3)  at U.B.C. T h i s  to c r e a t e  be  we  of  and main-  structured manipulate the d a t a  101 in  a printed  to meet  the needs  information large  form. H i s t o r i c a l l y , o f the F a c u l t y  retrieval  sons. A p a r t i c u l a r a b s t r a c t  that  Data  of Pharmacy  for a on-line  on  base  developed  involved  was a  1500 t o 2000 h o u s e h o l d p o i -  ( p o i s o n ) had to be l o c a t e d  f o r any one o r more o f a number  o f keywords  by within  abstract.  Although the  was  s y s t e m . The d a t a  amount of i n f o r m a t i o n  searching  t h e program  developed  program's Base  troduced  that  f o r that  special  p o t e n t i a l usage we  to t h i s  have  that  i s more w i d e s p r e a d . A l l the  developed  program  purpose, i t i s c l e a r  in this  following  thesis could  t h e program's  be i n -  rules.  102  REFERENCES Anderson, 1968 (!) Arthur 1974 (2)  T h e o d o r e and Z e l d i t c h M o r r i s A basic course in s t a t i s t i c s : a p p l i c a t i o n s . New Y o r k : H o l t , Winston, Inc.  Erickson Architects C o n c e p t u a l d e v e l o p m e n t p l a n : B.C.M.C. S h a u g h n e s s y s i t e , L i m i t e d D i s t r i b u t i o n . V a n c o u v e r Canada Arthur Erickson A r c h i t e c t s .  Campbell, 1971  Caudill 1975 (4)  with s o c i o l o g i c a l Rinehart and  John I n f o : An i n t e r a c t i v e i n f o r m a t i o n r e t r i e v a l program. 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Henry D r e y f u s s A s s o c i a t e s , Cambr i d g e M a s s .  Edited 1969 (9)  by  Meadows. P a u l and M i z r u c h i , E p h r a i m U r b a n i s m , u r b a n i z a t i o n and c h a n g e : c o m p a r a t i v e p e r s p e c t i v e s . Don M i l l s , O n t a r i o : A d d i s o n W e s l e y p u b l i s h i n g Compagny.  Edited 1972 (10)  by  S z a l a i , Alexander The Use of T i m e : D a i l y a c t i v i t i e s of urban and suburban p o p u l a t i o n in twelve c o u n t r i e s . P a r i s , Mouton The Hague.  103  REFERENCES  (continued)  Fr i edman, Yona 1970 L ' A r c h i t e c t u r e M o b i l e : v e r s une c i t e c o n c u e par (11) ses h a b i t a n t s . Mutations-Orientations, Belgique: Cas t e r m a n . 196" (11)  Les mecanismes u r b a i n s : c a h i e r s du c e n t r e a r c h i t e c t u r a l e s ( 3 - 1 , 3-2) Bruxelles: Paul Mignot.  Jantsch 1968 (12)  Erich P r o s p e c t i v e et P o l i t i q u e . O r g a n i s a t i o n de c o o p e r a t i o n economiques.  d'etudes  Paris et de deve1oppement  M a v e r , W Thomas 1971 S i m u l a t i o n and s o l u t i o n teams i n a r c h i t e c t u r a l (13) d e s i g n : d e s i g n p a r t i c i p a t i o n , p r o c e e d i n g s of the . design research society's conference, Manchester, England. Meis, 1973 (14)  S and S c h e u , J A l l i n a d a y ' s work: A time budget a n a l y s i s of d a i l y a c t i v i t i e s of men and women. D e p a r t m e n t of A n t r o p o l o g y and S o c i o l o g y , The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a .  1973 (14)  Murrell, 1965 (15)  the  Time b u d g e t s of m a r r i e d a d u l t s i n the V a n c o u v e r Metropolitan Region. D e p a r t m e n t of A n t r o p o l o g y and S o c i o l o g y , The U n i v e r s i t y o f B r i t i s h C o l u m b i a . K.F.H. E r g o n o m i c s : man in h i s working London: Chapman and H a l l .  environment.  Pena, M . W i l l i a m and F o c k e , W.John 1969 P r o b l e m s e e k i n g : new d i r e c t i o n s i n a r c h i t e c t u r a l (16) programming. Houston C a u d i l l Rowlett Scott A r c h i t e c t s , Planners, Eng. Ramsey, George C h a r l e s 1956 A r c h i t e c t u r a l Graphic Standards. (17) John W i l e y and Sons, I n c .  New-York  104  APPENDIX A  A PROJECT This one  appendix complete  this  introduces  by  stage  a short  "Reading  to  Child")  we  added  that  sed  4 Functional  ling,  and  the  from  of  the  Functional  Base T a b l e Care"  The  Project  following  Modules  the  the  Room  selected  by  Modules  a number used  are  For  Activity  Constituents  l o c a t i o n for  at  the  top  to of  the  to  those Computa-  Chapter  4.  Unit  Interior  the  Planning  In  specific  the  within  summarizes  a D i r e c t i o n . The  to r e f e r  info  "Access  composed  Functional  Forms  their  i s 3 meaning  i n the  as  a Dwel-  "Reading  explained  spaces,  i s compo-  instance  Form  of  example  Center,  take  sup-  activi-  Composition  S t r u c t u r a l Module.  well  major  Computation  the  been  project  to have  Project  some u n a s s i g n e d  p o i n t ) , as  identified  Planning  illustrate  is a proposal  the  i s presented (black  the  in  present  and  I to V I .  for  a l l computations  It  inside  to  Constituents  pages  Organisation.  start  the  Unit  Units,  a Corridor". After we  one  a Civic  from Units,  already  a Day  Care,  demonstrate  developed  The  Functional  "Day  of  to  activities.  room  The  Point  i s a part  for Access  r e s u l t s of  are  Unit  has  Care with  code  the  it  Units,  Data  process  the  Functional tion.  other  Example"  methodology  (a Day  which  these  the  Functional  Child", to  each  the the  a D o r m i t o r y . The  describe mations  of  example  except by  a "Project  a p p l i c a t i o n of  t h e s i s . Each  ported ty  EXAMPLE  list; form.  the  plan  Reference Room Names also  the  105  The  f o l l o w i n g page  the  Functional  shows  Units  the S c h e m a t i c  together  acres  and t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s  Table  X. F i n a l l y  maximum h e i g h t buildings model  we  environment;  are d i s p l a y e d  The  list  Day  Care  Personal Civic  also  to g i v e  of a c t i v i t i e s  R e a d i n g to C h i l d Gymn a s t i c s Games  on the s i t e . described  draw a S c h e m a t i c  of the p r o j e c t  Design The  Design  in r e l a t i o n  site  with  view. Unit:  CODE  ROOM  CODE  REAC GYMC GAME OTHE,  Dayroom Gymnasium Playroom Toilet  DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL  CRAF CLUL OTHE FLUN  Workshop Lounge Toilet Kitchen  WORK LOUN TOIL KITC  VISI ASLE FEVE BATH  L i v i n g Room Bedroom Kitchen Bathroom  LIVI BEDS KITC BATR  NSLE FBRE BREA OTHE  Bedroom Kitchen D i n i n g Room Toilet  B EDS KITC DINN TOIL  Hygiene  Crafts Club/Meeting Personal Hygiene Lunch P r e p a r a t i o n Dwe11i ng Entertain Visitors S l e e p Day E v e n i n g D i n e r Prep, Taking a Bath Dorm i t o r y S l e e p at Night B r e a k f a s t Prep B r e a k f a£t E a t i n g Personal Hygiene  2.25  Analysis  the e x i s t i n g  of the  Functional  Center  has  E l e v a t i o n of t h e  a better overall each  with a l l  i n the S i t e  some p h o t o g r a h s  within  Plan  flexible  106 THE  FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  Stage  1  Phase  1  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DAY  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  REAC GYMC GAME OTHE DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL  CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a A c c e s s t o t h e Room SC Floor Finishes SF Height Requirement SH Number o f Rooms SR Number o f Room S i d e s SS Room P e r i m e t e r SM SW Wall F i n i s h e s Window R e q u i r e m e n t SO EQUIPMENT BLOCK E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EE F i x t u r e Requirement EF Mechanical Requirement EM Plumbing Requirement EP PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type o f P e o p l e Number o f People/Rm. PQ S I T E BLOCK Existing Buildings IX IF S o i l Capac i t y Land O w n e r s h i p 10 IL Land Use IN Noise Contours Spec i a l F e a t u r e s IP IS Surface Condition IT Topography IA T r a f f i c Condition T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IR IV Vegetation IW Vi ew TIME BLOCK TW Week TD Day Period TP TU Oc c u r r e n c e  ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE 10.9 15.7 10.5 6 3 3 1 3 1 9 9 9 1 2 3 2 0 3 3 2 3 4 3 2 3 3 2  6.6 1 2 9 2 2 2 6 3  8 3 7 4  5 4 6 3  8 3 6 4  7 5 9 I  4 10  4 8  4 10  4 2  2 2 2 5 1  4 4 2 5 5  4 3 2 5 5  1 1 2 1 3  2 1 6 3 1  8 2 6 2 I 2  5 2 6 2 3 4  7 2 4 5  7 1 6 3  7 5 7 5  -  -  -  -  -  1 6 5  -  1  7 0 1 5  CARE  107  THE  FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  Stage  1  Phase  1  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name CIVIC  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  CRAF CLUL OTHE FLUN WORK LOUN TOIL KITC  CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a A c c e s s t o t h e Room sc Floor Finishes SF Height Requirement SH Number o f Rooms SR Number o f Room S i d e s SS Room P e r i m e t e r SM SW Wall F i n i s h e s Window R e q u i r e m e n t SO EQUIPMENT BLOCK E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EE F i x t u r e Requirement EF Mechanical Requirement EM Plumbing Requirement EP PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type o f P e o p l e Number o f People/Rm. PQ S I T E BLOCK Existing Buildings IX IF Soil Capacity 10 Land O w n e r s h i p IL Land Use IN Noise Contours Special Features IP IS Surface Condition IT Topography IA T r a f f i c Condition T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IR IV Vegetation IW Vi ew TIME BLOCK TW Week TD Day Period TP TU Occurrence  ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE 6.2 2 3 9 5 2 2 2 1  18 4 1 9 I 2 2 9 2  6.6 3 3 9 2 2 2 8 3  4.4 3 5 9 1 3 2 3 4  5 6 9 8  8 3 1 8  4 6 7 1  3 4 7 2  8 15  8 20  1 10  6 I5  2 4 2 3 5  3 5 3 12 5  1 2 2 4 3  1 3 2 3 3  6 1 2 7 1 3  2 2 6 3 1 4  7 1 6 3 0 1  3 3 2 4 4 1  7 5 7 2  2 3 7 2  7 9 1 5  7 2 3 3  -  -  -  -  CENTER  108  THE  FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  Stage  1  Phase  1  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DWELLING  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  VIS I ASLE FEVE BATH L I V I BEDS KITC BATR  CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a A c c e s s t o t h e Room SC Floor Finishes SF Height Requirement SH Number o f Rooms SR Number o f Room S i d e s SS Room P e r i m e t e r SM SW Wall F i n i s h e s Window R e q u i r e m e n t SO EQUIPMENT BLOCK E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EE F i x t u r e Requirement EF Mechanical Requirement EM Plumbing Requirement EP PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type o f P e o p l e Number o f People/Rm. PQ S I T E BLOCK Existing Buildings IX IF Soil Capacity 10 Land O w n e r s h i p IL Land Use IN Noise Contours Special Features IP Surface Condition IS IT Topography T r a f f i c Condition IA T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IR IV Ve ge ta t i on IW View TIME BLOCK TW Week TD Day TP Per i od TU Occurrence  ATTR IBUTE NAME CODE 13 . 5 20.8 17.0 10.4 1 1 5 1 2 1 1 2 9 9 9 9 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 I 4 1 1 2 8 3 7 0  8 3 7 0  3 4 9 2  4 4 9 7  5 8  5 5  5 5  5 5  4 2 I 3 2  3 2 1 3 1  3 3 I 3 3  2 2 1 3 3  2 2 6 3 3 4  2 2 6 3 2 3  6 1 6 I 2 3  6 1 6 3 2 2  7 6 7 3  7 4 9 3  7 9 6 7  7 0 I 9  -  -  -  -  THE  FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION  Stage  1  Phase  1  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DORMITORY  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  NSLE BREA FBRE OTHE BEDS DINN KITC TOIL  CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a SC A c c e s s t o t h e Room SF Floor Finishes SH Height Requirement SR Number o f Rooms SS Number o f Room S i d e s SM Room P e r i m e t e r sw Wall Requirement SO Window R e q u i r e m e n t EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EF F i x t u r e Requirement EM Mechanical Requirement EP Plumbing Requirement PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type o f P e o p l e Number o f People/Rm. PQ S I T E BLOCK IX Existing Buildings IF Soil Capacity 10 Land O w n e r s h i p IL Land Use IN Noise Contours IP Special Features IS Surface Condition IT Topography IA T r a f f i c Condition IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IV Vegetation IW V i ew TIME BLOCK TW Week TD Day TP Per i od TU Occurrence  ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE 42 . 77.2 20. 5 5 5 I 3 3 9 9 9 5 10 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 5 2 3 4 2 4  6.6 1 2 9 5 2 2 8 3  1 1 7 4  1 6 6 4  8 7 7 8  4 6 7 7  6 2  6 4  6 2  6 1  1 2 1 4 2  1 2 2 4 5  1 3 2 4 5  1 2 2 4 3  2 1 6 2 5 1  2 2 6 5 5 4  3 2 6 7 2 2  7 1 6 2 0 1  7 4 9 3  7 1 3 3  7 1 2 3  7 9 1 5  -  -  -  -  1 10 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS  COMPUTATION  Stage  1  I  Phase  1  Scheme  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DAY  CARE  A c t i v i t y Name R oom N ame  REAC GYMC GAME OTHE DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL  CODE COMPONENT  NAME  AF AG AT AS VN MR VG VR VY ABS PTS INS IRS IVS TWS TPS RA RU SOS I0S ILS IWS TDS GG GU RCC EEC EMC EPC CB CT SFC SWC SOC CM CC CI CF  A f f i n i t y Requirement Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i r e m e n t Total Affinity/Ground FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t PLANNING MODULE NUMBER G r o s s A r e a by P l a n n i n g Module G r o s s A s s i g n e d Space STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t Noise Contours Assignment T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment V e g e t a t i o n Assignment Week A s s i g n m e n t Period Assignment A c t i v i t y Reference Point FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT Window A s s i g n m e n t Land O w n e r s h i p A s s i g n m e n t Land Use A s s i g n m e n t View A s s i gnmen t Day A s s i g n m e n t General Direct!on FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION Room Component C o s t E l e c t r i c a l Cost Mechanical Cost Plumbing Cost P l a n n i n g Module C o s t STRUCTURAL MODULE COST F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost Wall F i n i s h e s Cost W i ndow C o s t P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s C o s t STUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST A c t i v i t y Time C o s t FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST  61 37 37 3 1 28 3 I 33 33 65 92 64 70 291 105 13 126 109 37 24 1 3 1 126 324 36 234 720 s q f e e t E 2-3 2-3 2-3 3-3 4- 1 4- 1 4- I 4- 1 5-2 4- 1 4- 1 4-2 4-2 5-2 2-3 2-3 5-2 3-3 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 2-3 3-3 3-3 3-3 4-1.6 3.4- 2 3.4 -2 4.4-2 3.7-2 N N S N E E E E N N N S N N S N E E E 3N 3N 2S-2E 2N NORTH 2340 6930 3240 540 696 765 1 1 52 340 1305 1275 3600 340 75 3 5 3 5 200 4376 9045 8027 1420 $22868.00 648 108 436 126 688 1555 626 61 72 8 14 22 7 5 169 1062 43 16. 00 3.7 3 . 5 .30. .75 38.  111 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION Stage  1  Phase  1  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name CIVIC  CENTER  A c t i v i t y Name Room Name  CRAF CLUL 1DTHE FLUN WORK LOUN 'TOIL KITC  CODE COMPONENT  NAME  AF AG AT AS VN MR VG VR VY ABS PTS INS IRS IVS TWS TPS RA RU SOS IOS ILS IWS TDS GG GU RCC EEC EMC EPC CB CT SFC SWC SOC CM CC CI CF  36 61 37 37 A f f i n i t y Requirement 33 3 1 15 38 Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i r e m e n t 51 75 70 92 Total Affinity/Ground 288 FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 66 66 93 360 Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t 13 PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 20 1 1 72 4 14 144 495 G r o s s A r e a by P l a n n i n g Module 1125 G r o s s A s s i g n e d Space K STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 5-2 5-2 2-3 2-3 P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t 4-1 4- 1 4-2 4-2 Noise Contours Assignment 4- I 5-2 5-2 3-3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 5-2 4- 1 V e g e t a t i o n Assignment 4- 1 3-3 4-1 Week A s s i g n m e n t 4- 1 4- 1 2-3 2-3 Period Assignment 3.7-1 .7 3 .7-2 3 .7-2 A c t i v i t y Reference Point 3 .4-2 FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3 .7-2 S S N W Window A s s i g n m e n t E W E E Land O w n e r s h i p A s s i g n m e n t W N E W Land Use A s s i g n m e n t S S N N View A s s i g n m e n t E W W E Day A s s i g n m e n t 2 E-2S 2W- 2.S„ 2E-2N 2 General D i r e c t i o n EAST FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION 14850 4140 2 160 1800 Room Component C o s t 696 680 375 3000 E l e c t r i c a l Cost 562 2000 2610 1020 M e c h a n i c a l Cost 75 105 200 105 PIumb i ng C o s t 19955 7 5 5 1 4060 28 12 P l a n n i n g Module C o s t $34378 .00 STRUCTURAL MODULE COST 828 144 495 2 16 F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 404 183 1440 1174 Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 54 144 Window C o s t 620 1989 2 146 327 P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s C o s t STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $ 5082 .00 8. 8. .75 1. 1 A c t i v i t y Time C o s t 17.8 FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST  -  -  -  -  1 12 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS  COMPUTATION  Stage  1  1  Phase  1  Scheme  FORM  Functional  Unit  A c t i v i t y Name R oom Name  VISI LIVI  CODE COMPONENT  NAME  AF AG AT AS VN MR VG VR VY ABS PTS INS IRS IVS TWS TPS RA RU SOS IOS ILS IWS TDS GG GU RCC EEC EMC EPC CB CT SFC SWC SOC CM CC CI CF  Name  DWELLING  ASLE FEVE BATH B EDS KITC BATR  A f f i n i t y Requirement 37 36 61 22 Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i r e m e n t 15 33 3 I 33 Total Affinity/Ground 55 51 70 92 FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 268 96 85 52 Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t 104 PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 18 26 22 9 108 54 G r o s s A r e a by P l a n n i n g Module 99 90 G r o s s A s s i g n e d Space 351 STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE A A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 4-1 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t Noise Contours Assignment 4-2 4-2 5-2 5-2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 2-3 5-2 5-2 3-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 V e g e t a t i o n Assignment 4- i 4- 1 4- I 4- 1 Week A s s i g n m e n t Period Assignment 4- 1 5-2 3-4 2-3 A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4- 1 .7 4-2 3-2 . 4 3 . FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3.7- 2 S S W S Window A s s i g n m e n t S S S Land O w n e r s h i p A s s i g n m e n t s W W Land Use A s s i g n m e n t w. w S N S View A s s i g n m e n t s N w w Day Ass i gnment 3S 3S 2W General D i r e c t i o n -3-S FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION SOUTH Room Component C o s t 990 1080 22 50 8 10 E l e c t r i c a l Cost 348 328 3 7 5 340 Mechanical Cost 652 615 375 340 Plumbing Cost 75 200 P l a n n i n g Module C o s t 1990 2023 307 5 1690 STUCTURAL MODULE COST $87 78 .00 198 F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 2 16 270 162 Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 186 184 169 153 Window C o s t 36 54 36 P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s C o s t 454 31 5 420 475 STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $ 1664.00 A c t i v i t y Time C o s t 14 3 5 12.5 I. 5 FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 63 .  -  1 13  THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION  Stage  1  Phase  CODE COMPONENT AF AG AT AS VN MR VG VR VY ABS PTS INS IRS IVS TWS TPS RA RU SOS IOS ILS IWS TDS GG GU RCC EEC EMC EPC CB CT SFC SWC SOC CM CC CI CF  I  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DORMITORY  NAME  A f f i n i t y Requirement 22 34 36 61 Ground P r i o r i t y R e q u i r e m e n t 26 32 15 31 Total Affinity/Ground 48 66 51 92 FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 257 Net A r e a R e q u i r e m e n t 42 77 20 6.6 PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 4 15 3 1 G r o s s A r e a by P l a n n i n g Module 450 405 108 90 G r o s s A s s i g n e d Space 1053 STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE H A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 P e o p l e Type A s s i g n m e n t 5-2 5-2 5-2 5-2 Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 4-1 4-1 4-2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 2-3 4-2 4-1 2-3 V e g e t a t i o n Assignment 4-1 4-1 2-3 Week A s s i g n m e n t P e r i o d Assignment 5-2 2-3 2-3 2-3 A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4-2 3.4-2 3-2 2.4-2 FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3»4-2 Window A s s i g n m e n t '.'W S W N Land O w n e r s h i p A s s i g n m e n t S E E E Land Use A s s i g n m e n t E E E E View A s s i g n m e n t N S N N Day A s s i g n m e n t N E E W General D i r e c t i o n 2N 3E 3E 2E-2N FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION EAST Room Component C o s t 4500 8100 2700 1350 E l e c t r i c a l Cost 265 157 612 850 M e c h a n i c a l Cost 3975 3925 1097 1275 Plumbing Cost 35 35 105 80 P l a n n i n g Module C o s t 8775 12217 4514 3555 STRUCTURAL MODULE COST $29061. F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 900 405 108 270 Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 238 1130 825 230 Window C o s t 12 6 P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s C o s t 1138 1661 933 500 STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $4232.00 A c t i v i t y Time C o s t 35. 1.1 .5 .7 FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 37.3  _-  1 14  FUNCTIONAL  X  UNIT  INTERIOR ORGANISATION  A  x  €  1*7  \  /  PLAN  /  x  X \ /  \  1-2 : Da yroom • 3 - 4 :Toi l e t 5 :Gymn a s i um 6-8 :Playroom \  K 1  DAY  CAREV  \  ^  1  X$\  V •.• V.*.'. 1  \ VP#  /  /  /  \ I  ?  \  X  \  115  FUNCTIONAL  UNIT  INTERIOR  ORGANIZATION  PLAN  FUNCTIONAL  UNIT  INTERIOR  ORGANIZATION  7K I - 10 '.Bedroom II- 15:Toilet 16- 18 : K i t c h e n 19 - 23 : D i n i n g room  22/'  PLAN  118 THE SCHEMATIC  DESIGN  PLAN  # 111  119 THE SCHEMATIC  ELEVATION  #111  120 THE  MODEL  THE MODEL  122 THE MODEL  123  THE  CONTROL  Stage  1  PARAMETERS  Phase  1  COMPUTATION  Scheme 1  FORM  Functional Activity Room  Unit  Name  DAY CARE  REAC GYMC GAME OTHE DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL  CODE COMPONENT 9 .3 11 .33  10 .26 1 .04  6 .16 1 I .33  13 .2 1 I .35  PA PI PO PB  A f f i n i t y Location A f f i n i t y Ratio Ground L o c a t i o n Ground R a t i o  PR VL VF PU PG  P l a n n i n g Module A c c u r a c y T o t a l Gross Area T o t a l U n a s s i g n e d Space U n a s s i g n e d Space R a t i o S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  .93 1242 522 .42 .95  PV PC  Distance V a r i a t i o n C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n  30f . 3 0 f . 3 0 f . 60f . 30f.  GA PS  Assigned D i r e c t i o n Direction Modifier  9N-7E-3S .47  CO VC  T o t a l Budfet Allowance S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget T o t a l Time R a t i o  PM  Final  Assignments  Ratio  SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION COST VP # Plan # Elevation Model  I. .97 sqfeet sqfeet  $200,000.00 . 136 .15 1.8 .22  1 E 3.7-2 North $27220.00 1 11 1 11 I 11 1  .70  .01  124  THE  CONTROL  Stage  1  PARAMETERS  Phase  1  COMPUTATION  Scheme 1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name  CIVIC CENTER  Ac t i v i t y CRAF CLUL 0THE FLUN WORK LOUN TOIL KITC Room CODE COMPONENT 9 .25 10 .26  10 .26 7 .2 1  8 . 13 1 1 .4  4 .1 I 8 . 7  PA PI PO PB  A f f i n i t y Loc at i on A f f i n i t y Ratio Ground L o c a t i o n Ground R a t i o  PR VL VF PU PG  P l a n n i n g Module A c c u r a c y T o t a l Gross Area T o t a l U n a s s i g n e d Space U n a s s i g n e d Space R a t i o S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  .87 .94 .91 1656 sq f e et 53 1 s q f e e t .32 .98  PV PC  Distance Variation C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n  30f . 30f .  GA PS  Assigned D i r e c t i o n Direction Modifier  6E - 6W - 4N - 4S .30  CO VC PM  T o t a l Budget A l l o w a n c e S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget T o t a l Time R a t i o Final  Assignments  Ratio  Of.  30f . 30f .  $200,000.00 . 197 .7 1 .95 .05  2 SEQUENCE VOLUME K R.P. 3.7- 2 DIRECTION Ea s t COST $39460.00 VP # 2 Plan # 11 1 Elevation # i l l Model # 11 I  .91  . 1  125  THE  CONTROL  Stage  1  PARAMETERS  Phase  I  COMPUTATION  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional Activity Room  Unit  Name DWELLING  V I S I ASLE L I V I BEDS  FEVE BATH KITC BATR  CODE COMPONENT 6 .3 6 .24  4 . 1 3 .2  8 . 13 8 .25  PA PI PO PB  A f f i n i t y Location A f f i n i t y Ratio Ground L o c a t i o n Ground R a t i o  4 . 1 1 1 .3 3  PR VL VF PU PG  P l a n n i n g Module A c c u r a c y T o t a l Gross Area T o t a l U n a s s i g n e d Space U n a s s i g n e d Space R a t i o S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  .96 .94 .97 4 14 s q f e e t 63 s q f e e t 0.15 1.5  PV PC  Distance Variation C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n  42 .5 f - 3 0 f .68f . 3 0 f 30 f e e t  GA PS  Assigned D i r e c t i o n D i r e c t i o n Mod i f i e r  CO VC PM  T o t a l Budget A l l o w a n c e S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget T o t a l Time R a t i o Final  Assignments  10S .53  Ratio  SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION . COST VP# Plan* Elevation# Model*  - 7W  - 2N  $200 ,000.00 0.05 .7 1. .4  3 A 3 .7-2 South $ 10442 00 3 11 1 11 I 11 1  .96  .04  126 THE  CONTROL  Stage  I  PARAMETERS  Phase  1  COMPUTATION  Scheme  1  FORM  Functional  Unit  Name DORMITORY  NSLE BREA FBR E 0THE BEDS DINN KITC TOIL  Activity R oom CODE COMPONENT  8 .36  9 .27 1 .03  9 .25 2 . 13  6 0. 1 6 .2  PB  A f f i n i t y Location A f f i n i t y Ratio Ground L o c a t i o n Ground R a t i o  PR VL VF PU PG  P l a n n i n g Module A c c u r a c y T o t a l Gross Area T o t a l U n a s s i g n e d Space U n a s s i g n e d Space R a t i o S t r u c t u r a l Module A c c u r a c y  PV PC  Distance Variation C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n  60f . 60f •  GA PS  Assigned D i r e c t i o n D i r e c t i o n Mod i f i e r  9E - 5N - 3W - 3S .45  CO VC PM  T o t a l Budget A l l o w a n c e S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget T o t a l Time R a t i o  $200,000 .00 0.166 .03 0 .20  PA PI  PO  Final  ;  Assignments  I  .OA  .95 .55 .93 1656 s q f e e t 603 s q f e e t .36 1 .04  Ratio  SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION COST VP*  Plan* Elevation// Model*  1  .36  Of . 3 0 f . 9 0 f  4 H 3.4 -2 East $33 ,293 . 00 4 11 1 ill 11 1  0  127  APPENDIX B THE  HEIGHT REQUIREMENT CHART  One  of the A t t r i b u t e  Block  i s the H e i g h t  architectural what  a  list  height  o f t h e room  of p o s s i b i l i t i e s h a v i n g a chart scale.  This housing  grades:  8 feet,  usually  a p p l i e d . The number  9 feet,  the c o m p o s i t i o n The  3 and  following list  par-  developed,  of c o n s -  with  a typical  3 different  as the most 5 with  or t h a t  have  number  dictated  o r 10 f e e t  of a l m o s t  we  in r e l a t i o n  scale  t o answer i s  for this  a minimum  Attribute  a r e p r e p a r i n g an  question  of measurements  housing  requirements.  the Space  one of the q u e s t i o n s  a c t i v i t y . To answer t h i s  traints,  allow  under  R e q u i r e m e n t . When we  programme,  i s the " b e s t "  ticular  Components  height  frequent  and  their multiples  a l l o f the c o n s e c u t i v e  height  i l l u s t r a t e s the C h a r t .  3 f e e t SB one # 3 unavailabl e 4 feet = one # 5 5 feet two # 3 6 feet 7 feet - unavai1abl e 8 f e e t o one # 5 + one # 3 9 feet - three # 3 10 f e e t - two # 5 1 1 f e e t - two # 3 + one # etc With  those  restricted  2 numbers heights.  and t h e i r m u l t i p l e s , t h e r e  are o n l y  few  THE HEIGHT REQUIREMENT CHART  129 APPENDIX C THE  AREA REQUIREMENT PER  CAPITA  CHART  The  Area  Capita  i s an A t t r i b u t e  under ly  Requirement  the Space A t t r i b u t e  designed  to  The  need  the  room used  then  Area  have  per  b)  selection  the d i f f i c u l t y  determined  2 good  of  a list these  in action  each  tion the d)  ( t h e number line)  and  a specific ord  e)  activity,  the - the  the  second  dimension  of  two  dimensions  following  a code  of  this  on  a  chart  activity.  procedure: order,  a c c o r d i n g t o the Name,  the c h a r t  i s then  associated  c o o r d i n a t e r e p r e s e n t s the and  the  of  involved  to determine  letter  «• the  is associated  sec-  p l a c e on  c o o r d i n a t e r e p r e s e n t s the  ( i n meter)  plan,  to each  co».:  inate,  a surface  per  capita  is established  2 previous dimensions This  Area  from  different  and  line  size  a group  of p e o p l e  in a l p h a b e t i c a l  has  first  or  during a particular  of a c t i v i t i e s activities  activity  the  way  the  c) a s e t of 2 c o o r d i n a t e s from to  to e s t a b l i s h  The  i s a measurement  the man  is essential-  of a P l a n n i n g Module.  the number  indicators.  Component  component  a particular  i s c o n s t r u c t e d with  have  each  Block. This  the  to p e r f o r m  Capita  list  a) we  from  Having  representing The  improve  comes  activities. we  per  Requirement  ( i n square  per  s o u r c e s but  the Humanscale  by  Capita mainly  Diffrient,  by  the  product  of  the  meter)  Chart  has  been  a Japanese Tilley,  developed  Standard  Baragjy  (8).  Graphic  LIST  OF AREA REQUIREMENT  PER CAPITA  (meters)  CODE ACTIVITY NAME  COORDINATES  DIMENSIONS METERS  AREA SQ.METERS  ANCA ARCH ASLE NSLE ASSE ATHL  A n i m a l Care Archery A s l e e p Day Asleep Night Assembly Athletics  2j - 15f 2a-10a 2g- 9g 2g- 9g 3c-12c 3n-lla  1.5 1.1 2.0 2.0 0.9 1.0  x x x x x x  0.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 i.5  1.05 1.1 2.0 2.0 0.63 1.5  BABY BABS BADM BANK BASK HAIR BMKG WRES BREA FBRE  Baby C a r e Babysiting Badminton Banking Basketball Barber Bedmaking Boxing Breakfast Eating B r e a k f a s t Prep.  7 i - 1 Id 3e-10e 3 k- 1 1 f 6k-llg 3g-14i 41-i5g 8k-l5h 4g-15g 4j-12d lb-llc  1 .2 1.2 1.3 1.4 0.4 1.4 0.8 1.5 2.3 0.8  x x x x x x x x x x  0. 75 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.8 0.9 0.85 1.2  0.9 1.08 1.56 0.84 0.20 1.82 1.44 1.35 1.84 0.96  CAMP BATH DRES FEED HEAL CINE CIRC CIVI CLUL COMM CONC CRAF CRIC CYCL  Camping Child Bathing Child Dressing Child Feeding Child Health Cinema Circulation Civic Activity Club Community Concert Crafts Cricket Cycling  3 f - 9f 7f-10i ll-15g 81-12d 7f-l5d 3d-10d 4e-llh 4 i - 9e 4i-^9c 3a-12b 3e-13e le-llc 8j-10k 3 i - 1Om  1.6 1.4 l.L 2.0 1.4 1.0 0.8 2.2 2.1 0.7 1,3 0.4 1.6 0.5  x x x x x x x x x x x x x x  1.6 0.5 1.25 0.85 0.95 0.50 0.6 1.1 0.85 0.65 1.2 1.5 0.6 1.5  2.56 0.70 1.32 1.6 1.26 0.50 0.48 2.3 1.68 0.42 1.56 0.60 0.96 0.75  DANC DECO DISC DOZG DRIN FDR I  Dancing Decorating Discotheque Dozing Drinking Drinks Prep.  5e-12b 6e-lld 2 f - 13 f 3g- 9g 4a-l4h l b - 1 Id  1.9 1.2 1.8 1.6 0.7 0.7  x x x x x x  1.0 0.75 2.5 1.0 0.7 0.7  1.9 0.77 4.5 1.6 0.49 0.49  VISI CLAE EVEN FEVE EXAN  Enter.Visitors 3d-12c Evening C l a s s e s 3b-14h Eve. Dinner E a t . 4 i - l 2 i Eve. Dinner P r e p . l a - l l c Exams 2h-14k  1.0 0.6 2.1 1.1 1.0  x x x x x  1.35 0.7 0.75 1.5 0.4  1.3 0.42 0.42 1.65 0.4  13 1 LIST  OF AREA REQUIREMENT  PER CAPITA  (continued)  CODE ACTIVITY NAME  COORDINATES  DIMENSIONS METERS  FENC F e n d i n g FIRE F i r e p l a c e FREE F r e e P e r i o d  3 i - 1 Id 6e- 15a 2g- 9g  0.5 1.0 2.0  X  GAME GARG GARD GYMC  Games Garage R e p a i r G a r d e n i ng Gymna s t i c s  2 i - 9c 6 f - 11c l h - 11a 3n- 1 l a  1. 1 1.6 0.9 1.0  X  HAID HELP HOB B HOMN  Hairdresser H e l p Homework Hobbies Home Work  41816e81-  1.4 1.9 1.0 1.9  X  SKAT INDO IRON  Ice S k a t i n g Indoor P l a y i n g Ironing  2a- 10a 6a- 12 f le- 1 la  1. 1 1. 1 1.4  X  8k- 1 5h 1 Id 14h 14h 14h 13c 13c 12d I1 f  JUDO J u d o / K a r a t e LAUN LECT LESS LETT LIST LISM LUNC FLUN  7iL a u n d e r i ng 3bLectures 3bLessons 3bLetter Writing 3cL i s t e n i n g Radio 3cL i s t e n i n g Music 4cLunch E a t i n g Lunch P r e p a r a t i o n l c -  15g 14j 1 lc 14j  AREA SQ.METERS  0.75 0.9 1.0  0.35 0.9 2.0  0.9 1.5 1.5 1. 5  0.99 2.4 1.35 1.5  1.3 0.5 1. 5 0.5  1.82 0.95 1.5 0.95  X  1.0 1.0 0.7  1. 1 1.1 0*98  0.8  X  0.7  0.56  1.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.6  X  0.75 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.2 0.85 0.7  0.84 0.42 0.42 0.42 1 .08 1.08 0.85 0.42  2.5 1.5  4.5 1.8  0.65 0.95 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 1. 5 0.6  0.42 1.26 0.63 0. 64 0.63 1.38 0.75 0. 54  2. 1 0.5 0.8 0.65 1.2 1.0 0.5  2 .73 0.45 1 .04 0.48 1.82  X X  X X X  X X X  X  X X X X X X X  MAKM Making M u s i c MARK M a r k e t i n g  2 f - 13 f 71- I5h  1.8 1.2  PART M ED I OTHE PICN POLI POST GOUT MAKU  Parties Personal Medical Per s . H y g i e n e Picnicking P o l i t i c a l Course Post O f f i c e P r e p . t o Go Out P u t t i n g Make-up  3a- 12b 7 f -I5d 5b- 14m 2k- 12d 3c- 12c 4 j - 1 5e 3 i - 10m 8h- 15e  0.7 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.9 2.3 0.5 0.9  X  RAMB READ REAC REAL R EPA REST RUGN  Rambling Reading Reading to C h i l d Re 1i g i ous Repairs Resting Rugby  3k- 12b 3c- I4j 4b- I2d 2k- 10 j 6c- I l c 3 f - 9f 3g- 14i  1.3 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.6 1.6 0.4  X  X X  X X X X X X X  X X X X X X  1.6 0.2  132 LIST  OF AREA REQUIREMENT  CODE ACTIVITY  NAME  PER CAPITA  COORDINATES  (continued) DIMENSIONS METERS 0.5  AREA SQ.METERS 1.0  SWIM SAIL SECD SEWG SHAV SHOB SNAC F SNA SOCC LECT 5POR  2g-lOg Sw imm i n g Unspecified Sai1ing Second J o b 2g- 9g 6d- 1 11 Sewing 5b-14m Shaving 71-15h Shopping 4c- 12d Snack E a t i n g Snack P r e p a r a t i o nI 1 c - 11 f 3g-l4i Soccer 3c- 12c Special Lecture 3c- 12c Sport s Club  2.0  2.0 x 1.0 1.5 X 0.9 0.9 X 0.7 1.2 X 1.5 I .0 X 0.85 0.6 X 0.7 0.4 X 0.5 0.9 X 0.7 0.9 X 0.7  2.0 1.3 5 2.0 1.8 0.85 0.42 0.2 0 0.63 0.63  TAB L BATH PHON TENN TENP B ICY BUSE CARS MOTO FOOT TUTO  Table Tennis T a k i n g a Bath Telephoning Tennis Tenpon B o w l i n g T r a v e 1 / B i eye 1e Trave1/Bus Trave1/Car Trave1/Mo t o r Trave1/Foot Tutorial  8 e - 13 c 2g-i0g 3a- I 4 f Unspecified 7n-15h 3j-lOm 3b-10k Unspecified 3 j - 10m 3 i - 10m 3c-14j  0.9 2.0 0.8  X  2.2 0.5 0.9  1.98 1.0 0.72  1.8 0.9 0.6  X  1.8 I. 5 0.5  3.24 1 .3 5 0.3  0.9 0.5 0.9  X X  1.5 1.5 0.5  1.35 0.75 0.45  VACU  Vacuum  8d-15d  1.4  X  0.55  0.7  WASH WASD WAHH WATC WATE WORK  7b-10j Washing Body 7 j - 15c Washing D i s h e s 5c-141 Washing H a i r 3d- 13a W a t c h i n g T.V. 3 i-10m Water S k i i n g Work-based 5 o c i a l 3 c - 1 2 c  1.0 0.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.9  X  0.6 0.95 1.0 1.3 1.5 0.7  0.6 0. 54 1.5 1.3 0.75 0.63  Cleaning  X  X X  X X  X  X X X X X  133 THE  AREA REQUIREMENT  PER C A P I T A  CH.AiVi'  1 3 4  135 THE AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA CHART  , B f t i 4, - I I  1  MM  b  M  r;' !  n  1  L.'-v  • i  tw-i  Si  0!  i  4:  i-  oC|"  I l l a; —'«V:::i:::  ©I —1-1—  't  111 ! @  pililsHiilli j  pjiliiiji!  llili'l H  m  !D:l!  1  Sir- ' i l l ?  r- r - i  Hi ^B  lil  0  |i;::::::::t:i  liiyi  jl !  0  J 0  0  1  S i ! ilMii Rl 'HI.::*!' v :  '-  , v  t leSI  TiTililii ^  m  f  rP  0  136  137  APPENDIX D LIST  OF ACTIVITY AND ASSOCIATED ROOM  This  appendix  tivity  could  society  has-been  developed  be a s s o c i a t e d  a tendency  to demonstrate  t o a room name. T h e r e  to s p e c i a l i z e  where each  activity  will  we go from  one room  to a n o t h e r we w i l l  we w i l l  do as s p e c i f i c  activities using  potential The  list  a) a l i s t b)  people  a particular  activity.  are u s u a l l y  time o f t h i s  have  the space  of a c t i v i t i e s  t o d e c i d e what  i n c r e a s i n g the  to the small  amount o f  t o use a room.  i s composed  by t h e f o l l o w i n g  in alphabetical  of these a c t i v i t i e s  a triple  hierarchy  c)  f o r each  of these a c t i v i t i e s  d)  f o r each  o f t h e s e rooms an a s s o c i a t e d  hierarchy  room. Thus b e f o r e  have  f o r each  triple  going to a point  t o a room,  room, due m a i n l y  presented here  i s i n our  In t h e p r e s e n t t i m e , many  associated  available  how each a c -  order,  an a s s o c i a t e d  of B l o c k , Component,  code  following  and Name,  an a s s o c i a t e d  of B l o c k , Component,  items:  code  Room Name, following a  and Name.  1 3 8  LIST  OF ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM  ACTIVITY  CODE  NAME  CODE  ROOM NAME  H B H H E B  HKG OUT SLP SLP SCH OUT  ANCA ARCH ASLE NSLE ASSE ATHL  A n i m a l Care Archery A s l e e p Day Asleep Night As semb1y Athletics  I D R R U D  MAI WOK BED BED TEA WOK  HOUK GYMN BEDS BEDS CONF GYMN  Housekeeping Gymn a s i urn Bed room Bedroom C o n f e r e n c e Rm. Gymn a s i um  H H B M B M H B H H  CHL CHL IND S ER OUT SER HKG IND EAT FOD  BABY BABS B ADM BANK BASK HAIR BMKG WRES BREA FBRE  Baby Care Babys i t i n g Badminton Banking Basketbal1 Barber Bedmak i n g Boxing Breakfast Eating B r e a k f a s t Prep.  R R D C T C I D C I  BED BED WOK VAU OPE RET MAI WOK RET PRO  CUBL CUBL GYMN BANC PLAG SHOP HOUK GYMN DINN KITC  Cub i c 1 e Cubicle Gymn a s i um Bank PI a y g r o u n d Shop Housekeeping Gymn a s i um D i n i n g Rm. Kitchen  B H H H H S M S H S S H B B  OUD CHL CHL CHL CHL ENT SER CLU LEI CLU ENT LEI OUT OUD  CAMP BATH DRES FEED HEAL CINE C IRC C IVI CLUL COMM CONC CRAF CR IC CYCL  Camping Child Bathing Child Dressing C h i l d Feeding Child Health Cinema Circulation Civic Activity Club Commun i t y Concert Crafts Cricket Cycling  T R R R D C T R R T C I R I  OPE HYE HYE BED EXA COM CIR REL REL C IR COM MAI REL STO  PARK BATR DRER CUBL EXAM PROJ CORR LOUN LOUN MALL MUSC WORK PLAY LOCK  Park Bathroom D r e s s i n g Rm. Cubicle E x a m i n a t i o n Rm. P r o j e c t i o n Rm. Corridor Lounge Lounge Mall M u s i c Rm. Work shop PIayroom Lockers  S H S H H H  ENT MAT ENT SLP EAT FOD  DANC DECO DISC DOZG DR IN FDR I  Dancing Decorating Di s c o t h e q u e Dozing Drinks Drinks Prep.  R I C R C I  REL MA I COM BED RET PRO  PLAY HOUK MUSC CUBL BARS KITC  P1 ayroom Housekeeping M u s i c Rm. Cubicle Bar K i tchen  E n t e r t a i n V i s i t . R REL U TEA Evening C l a s s e s E v e . D i n e r E a t i n g C RET  LIVI CLAS DINN  L i v i n g Rm. C l a s s room D i n i n g Rm.  H LEI VISI E EVE CLAE H EAT EVEN  LIST  OF  ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM ( c o n t i n u e d )  CODE  ACTIVITY NAME  CODE  ROOM NAME  I PRO U TEA  KITC STYD  Kitchen Study Rm.  H FOD E SCH  FEVE EXAN  Eve.Dinner Exams  B IND H HKG E SCH  FENC FIRE FREE  Fending Fireplace Free P e r i o d  D WOK R REL T OPE  GYMN LIVI OPEN  Gymn a s i um Living Rm. Open Rm.  H L E I GAME M SER GARG H HKG GARD B IND GYMC  Game s Garage R e p a i r Garden i ng Gymn a s t i e s  R I T D  REL PRO OPE WOK  PLAY GARA GARE GYMN  PI ayroom Garage Garden Gymn a s i um  SER CHL LEI SCH  HA ID HELP HOBB HOMN  Hairdresser H e l p Homework Hobbies Homeworks  C U I U  RET TEA MAI TEA  SHOP STYD WORK STUD  Shop Study Rm. Workshop Stud i o  S ENT H CHL H HKG  SKAT INDO IRON  Ice/Roller/Skate Indoor P l a y i n g Iron ing  T OPE R REL I PRO  PLAG DAYR LAUM  PI a y g r o u n d Dayroom Laundry  B  IND  JUDO  Judo/Karate  D WOK  GYMN  Gymn a s i um  H E E H H H H H  HKG FUR SCH LEI LEI LEI EAT FOD  LAUN LECT LESS LETT LIST LISM LUNC FLUN  Laundering Lectures Lessons Letter Writing L i s t e n i n g Radio L i s t e n i n g Music Lunch E a t i n g Lunch P r e p .  I U U R C C C I  PRO TEA TEA HYE COM COM RET PRO  LAUM CLAS STUD CUBL MUSC MUSC DINN KITC  Laundry Classroom Studio Cubicle Music Rm. Music Rm. Dining Rm. Kitchen  Making Music Maketing  C COM C RET  MUSC STOE  Music Store  PLAY EXAM TOIL PARK SEMI OFFI VEST CUBL  P1 a yroom Exam i na t i on Toilet Park Seminar Rm. Office Vestibule Cubicle  M H H E  H L E I MAKN M SHO MARK S H H B E M H H  GAT HYG HYG OUD SCH SER HYG HYG  PART M ED I OTHE PICN POLI POST GOUT MAKU  Pre.  R Parties D P e r s . Med i c a 1 P e r s . H y g i e n e Oth .R T Picnicking P o l i t i c a l Course U Post O f f i c e c T P r e p . t o Go Out R P u t t i n g Make-up  REL EXA HYE OPE TEA OFF C IR BED  Rm.  140  LIST  OF ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM  CODE  ACTIVITY  NAME  (continued)  CODE  ROOM NAME  OUD LEI CHL SCH LEI CLU MAT SLP OUT  RAMB READ REAC REAL RELA R EL I R EPA REST RUGB  R ambling Reading Reading to C h i l d Reading to Learn Relaxing Re 1i g i ous Repairs Resting Rugby  T U R U R C  C IR TEA REL TEA BED RET RET c R BED T OPE  BALC READ DAYR STUD CUBL CHAP SHOP CUBL PLAG  Balcony R e a d i n g Rm. Dayroom Studio Cubicle Chapel Shop Cubicle Playground  WAT WAT WOR HKG HYG SHO EAT FOD 3 OUT E SCH S CLU  SWIM SAIL SECD SEWG SHAV SHOB SNAC FSNA SOCC LECT SPOR  S w i mm i n g Sailing Second J o b Sewing Shaving Shopping Snack E a t i n g Snack P r e p . Soccer Spec i a l L e c t u r e Sports Club  D WOK c STO T OPE I MAI R HYE C RET C RET I PRO T OPE U TEA U TEA  POOL STOR OPEN WORK TOIL STOE DINN KITC PLAG SEMI CONF  Pool Storage Open Rm. Workshop Toilet Store D i n i n g Rm. Ki t c h e n PIayground Seminar Rm. C o n f e r e n c e Rm.  IND HYG LEI OUT IND TRA TRA TRA TRA TRA SCH  TABL BATH PHON TENN TENP B ICY BUSE CARS MOTO FOOT TUTO  R Table Tennis R T a k i n g a Bath C Telephoning T Tennis R Ten p i n B o w l i n g T r a v e l by B i c y c l e l R T r a v e l by Bus T T r a v e 1 by Car T T r a v e l by M o t o r I T r a v e l on F o o t U Tutorial  REL HYE COM OPE REL STO REL CIR C IR STO TEA  PLAY BATR TELE PLAG PLAY LOCK WAIT PARG PARG LOCK STYD  P1 ayroom Bathroom T e l e p h o n e Rm. PIayground PIayroom Lockers W a i t i n g Rm. Parking Park i n g Lockers Study Rm.  H HKG  VACU  Vacuum  I MAI  HOUK  Housekeeping  H H H H B S  WASH WASD WAHH WATC WATE WORK  Washing Body Washing D i s h e s Washing H a i r W a t c h i n g TV. Water S k i i n g Work-based S o c i a  BATH HOUK TOIL PROJ LOCK S EM I  B a throom Housekeeping Toilet P r o j e c t i o n Rm. Lockers Seminar Rm.  B H H E H S H H B B B W H H M H H  B H H B B W  w w w w E  HYG HKG HYG LEI WAT CLU  Cleaning  R I R C I 1U  HYE MAI HYE COM STO TEA  

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