UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

The manipulation of architectural data Desbiens, Arthur Roger 1976

Your browser doesn't seem to have a PDF viewer, please download the PDF to view this item.

Notice for Google Chrome users:
If you are having trouble viewing or searching the PDF with Google Chrome, please download it here instead.

Item Metadata

Download

Media
831-UBC_1976_A7_3 D48.pdf [ 9.61MB ]
Metadata
JSON: 831-1.0100135.json
JSON-LD: 831-1.0100135-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): 831-1.0100135-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: 831-1.0100135-rdf.json
Turtle: 831-1.0100135-turtle.txt
N-Triples: 831-1.0100135-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: 831-1.0100135-source.json
Full Text
831-1.0100135-fulltext.txt
Citation
831-1.0100135.ris

Full Text

THE MANIPULATION OF ARCHITECTURAL DATA b y ARTHUR ROGER DESBIENS B.Arch. U n i v e r s i t e Laval de Quebec, 1973 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES School of A r c h i t e c t u r e We accept t h i s t h e s i s as conforming to the r e q u i r e d standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA A p r i l , 1976 (o) Arthur Roger Desbiens In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of Brit ish Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the Head of my Department or by his representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. SCHOOL OF Department of ARCHITECTURE The University of Brit ish Columbia 2075 Wesbrook P l a c e Vancouver, Canada V6T 1W5 29 APRIL, 1976 i ABSTRACT This t h e s i s presents a way to manipulate a r c h i t e c t u r a l data to achieve a l t e r n a t e schematic design p r o p o s a l s . The process i s demonstrated w i t h i n an extended housing context. In the s p i r i t of the systematic approach, a language and computing steps have been d e t a i l e d a l l o w i n g a procedure fo r the cons-t r u c t i o n of a l t e r n a t e programme s t r a t e g i e s . A part of t h i s procedure i s devoted to e v a l u a t i n g the performance of each a l t e r n a t i v e with respect to o t h e r s . From a t r i p l e data h i e r a r c h y based on a c t i v i t y types, room types, and a t t r i b u t e requirements, a set of F u n c t i o n a l Units i s created and c o n s t i t u t e s the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme. In t h i s programme each F u n c t i o n a l Unit has 5 P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u -ents: l) i t i s place in Sequence, 2 ) i t takes place in a s p e c i f i c Volume, 3 ) i t has a Reference Point and 4 ) a D i r e c -t i o n on the s i t e , 5 ) i t has a Cost. The operations performed to determine those P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s are e s s e n t i a l l y ma-thematical computations. However before doing so, a S i t e Planning Strategy has to be defined regarding the s i t e i n f o r -mation l i k e l y to i n f l u e n c e the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . Having e s t a b l i s h e d the f i r s t schematic design plan, a s e r i e s of ap-p r o p r i a t e v a r i a t i o n s can be developed and evaluated in order to i n d i c a t e d the most appropriated p r o p o s a l . i i T h i s t h e s i s does not present the f i n a l computer programme to be a p p l i e d to t h i s system but instead formulates i t t o be used manually before f u r t h e r i n v e s t i g a t i o n . An e x i s t i n g com-puter program c a l l e d "INFO", a v a i l a b l e at the U.B.C. Compu-t i n g Center, has been mentioned as the p o t e n t i a l main sup-port f o r the data manipulation and maintenance. i i i TABLE OF CONTENTS Page L i s t of Tables v L i s t of Fi gures v i Chapter 1: I n t r o d u c t i o n 1 Statement of the Problem 5 T h e o r e t i c a l Framework 8 A p p l i c a t i o n 9 Chapter 2: The A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme 12 The Data Base 12 The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition 31 Chapter 3: The S i t e Planning S t r a t e g y 35 The Scheme Composition 35 The A f f i n i t y M a t r i x 39 The Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i x 41 The Planning Module D e s c r i p t i o n 44 The S t r u c t u r a l Module D e s c r i p t i o n 51 The S i t e Planning 64 i v TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) Page Chapter 4: The Schematic Design 75 The P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Composition 75 The Sequence Computation 79 The Volume Computation 81 The Reference Point Computation The D i r e c t i o n Computation The Cost Computation Chapter 5: The Performance Append i c e s A. A P r o j e c t Example C. The Area Requirement per C a p i t a Chart 84 86 88 92 The C o n t r o l Parameters Composition 92 99 Chapter 6: The Co n c l u s i o n L i m i t a t i o n s of the Study 99 References l y2 104 B . The Height Requirement Chart 127 129 D. L i s t of A c t i v i t y with A s s o c i a t e d Room 137 V LIST OF TABLES Page TABLES I L i s t of A c t i v i t y Block & Component 16 II L i s t of A c t i v i t y Code 6* H i e r a r c h y I 7 I I I L i s t of Room Block & Component 20 IV L i s t of Room Code & H i e r a r c h y 21 V L i s t of A t t r i b u t e Block & Component 23 VI L i s t of A t t r i b u t e Code & H i e r a r c h y 24 VII The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form 34 VIII L i s t of Planning Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s 46 IX L i s t of S t r u c t u r a l Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s 5 2 X S i t e P lanning A n a l y s i s 6 8 XI S i t e P lanning General Assignment 7 * XII S i t e P lanning Assignment 72 XIII General D i r e c t i o n Assignment 7 3 XIV Unit Cost Assignment 7 4 XV The Sequence Computation Steps 80 XVI The Volume Computation Steps 8 3 XVII The Reference Point Computation Steps 8 5 XVIII The D i r e c t i o n Computation Steps 8 7 XIX The Cost Computation Steps 9 0 XX The P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computation Form 91 XXI The C o n t r o l Parameters Computation Form 9 8 v i LIST OF FIGURES Page FIGURES 1 The System Diagram 11 2 The Data Base Diagram 14 3 The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Diagram 33 4 The Scheme Composition Diagram 38 5 The A f f i n i t y M a t r i x 40 6 The Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i x 43 7 The Planning & S t r u c t u r a l Module Gr i d 45 8 Planning Module C o n f i g u r a t i o n 48 9 S t r u c t u r a l Module C o n f i g u r a t i o n 53 10 S i t e P lanning A n a l y s i s Grid 67 1 1 S i t e P lanning General Assignment Gr i d 70 12 The P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Composition Diagram 78 13 The C o n t r o l Parameters Composition Diagram 94 •a 1 CHAPTER l : INTRODUCTION There have been in the contemporary a r c h i t e c t u r a l community, d i f f e r e n t attempts to d e s c r i b e a r c h i t e c t u r e by p r e c i s e l y d e f i n e d and c o n s i s t e n t l y used terms and procedures. T r a d i -t i o n a l l y each p r o j e c t r e f l e c t e d the unique aspects of the programme by a d i s t i n g u i s h e d b u i l d i n g form . The o p p o s i t i o n to a s t r a t i f i e d a n a l y s i s approach was each time an o c c a s i o n to e l a b o r a t e a new a r c h i t e c t u r a l s t y l e . T h i s custom design of a r c h i t e c t u r e has continued without any strong j u s t i f i c a -t i o n or r a t i o n a l e to search f o r a standard s t r u c t u r e . Thomas W. Maver (.13) d i r e c t o r of the Abucus Department of A r c h i t e c -ture and B u i l d i n g Science at the U n i v e r s i t y of S t r a t c h c l y d e in Glasgow, mentioned (1971) that a r c h i t e c t u r e i s d i s t i n -guished from other design endeavour by three main c h a r a c t e -r i s t i c s : a) the magnitude of the " s o l u t i o n space" b) the t n u l t i - v a r i a t e nature of the problem, and c) the temporal v a r i a t i o n in requirements. One i n t e r e s t i n g o b s e r v a t i o n by Maver about those c h a r a c t e r i s -t i c s i s that the i n a b i l i t y to come to terms with them has n e c e s s i t a t e d : a) a r e t r e a t i n t o s t y l i s m , b) a h i e r a r c h y of p r i o r i t y weightings personal to each a r c h i -t e c t , and c) an i n f l e x i b l e monumentali t y , It i s the i n t e n t i o n of t h i s t h e s i s to o u t l i n e a mechanism designed to o b v i a t e these shortcomings. The need for each a r c h i t e c t to r e c o n s i d e r t h i s issue i s obvious. F i r s t we need an a r t i c u l a t e s t r u c t u r e which w i l l f a c i l i t a t e the m a n i p u l a t i o n of more and more i n f o r m a t i o n , at a l l l e v e l s of the design process: the programme, the s i t e p l a n n i n g , the schematic d e s i g n , and the d e s i g n . We have a l s o the need f o r increased v e r s a t i l i t y in d e s c r i b i n g a c t i v i t y and room with a t t r i b u t e s r e q u i r e d f o r a wide f i e l d of p r e f e -rences. We have to keep tr a c k of each experimental scheme and l e a r n about the performance of v a r i a b l e s from p r o j e c t to p r o j e c t and transmit them to others in an o b j e c t i v e format. The l a r g e number of items having to be explained and j u s t i -f i e d r e q u i r e s a s t r u c t u r e d , f l e x i b l e and i n t e r f a c e d system, and t h i s system in turn r e q u i r e s a p r e c i s e o r g a n i s a t i o n . At the present time some c o n s u l t a n t groups have undertaken the development of the m a n i p u l a t i o n of a r c h i t e c t u r a l d a t a . One of them, the CCB ( C o n s u l t a n t s Computation Bureau) (5) has been very a c t i v e d u r i n g the past few years. It was f o r -med in 1966 to o f f e r c o n s u l t i n g s e r v i c e s in r e s e a r c h , mathe-m a t i c a l and e n g i n e e r i n g a n a l y s i s , design and p r o j e c t evalua-t i o n f o r the b u i l d i n g i n d u s t r y , with emphasis on the a p p l i c a t i o n of d i g i t a l computer techniques. As c o n s u l t a n t s , they do not i n t e r v e n e in the p r e p a r a t i o n of the a r c h i t e c t u r a l concept. T h e i r r o l e i s to evaluate with s o p h i s t i c a t e d t e c h n i -ques each scheme done by a r c h i t e c t s . Of course i f they do intervene at the programming l e v e l , the data are organized toward t h i s e v a l u a t i o n . However, there i s an important gap between the c o n s t r u c t i o n of the data base and the e v a l u a t i o n of the scheme. This e v a l u a t i o n i s based on the b u i l d i n g per-formance which i s a part of the " a r c h i t e c t u r a l performance". Yet the l i n k between c o n s u l t a n t s of t h i s nature and a r c h i -t e c t s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the s o c i a l product, has to be well ma-naged. The CCB has never been in v o l v e d in a housing p r o j e c t , t h e i r experience i s devoted to s c h o o l s , h o s p i t a l s and p u b l i c b u i l d i n g s . Another group of A r c h i t e c t s , P l a n n e r s , and Engi-neers, CRS ( C a u d i l l Rowlett S c o t t ) (4) has a l s o c o n t r i b u t e d in the development of t h i s systems approach, e s p e c i a l l y at the data base l e v e l , and f o r h o s p i t a l p r o j e c t s . T h e i r e f f o r t s were r e l a t e d to U areas of data: a) room and departmental c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , b) people flow i n t e r a c t i o n s , c) m a t e r i a l s flow between departments, d) weather data which was used for energy a n a l y s i s and com-p u t a t i o n of thermal l o a d s . These data bases were used to generate r e p o r t s through a l l phases of the p r o j e c t . These r e p o r t s can best be d i s c u s s e d by grouping them for e v a l u a t i o n of "candidate schemes" or b u i l d i n g c o n f i g u r a t i o n s . The l e a d i n g School in the matter of mani p u l a t i o n of a r c h i -t e c t u r a l data seems to be the Department of A r c h i t e c t u r e and B u i l d i n g Science at the U n i v e r s i t y of S t r a c t c h c 1 yde in Glas-gow. They have developed many computer programs to achieve the e v a l u a t i o n of b u i l d i n g performance, and design a n a l y s i s . For instance one program c a l l e d " L o c a l " has been designed for 1ocation - a 11ocation a n a l y s i s . The 1ocation - a 11ocation problem occurs f r e q u e n t l y in p l a n n i n g , at r e g i o n a l , urban and l o c a l l e v e l s . It i s to f i n d the "b e s t " l o c a t i o n s f o r one or more s e r v i c e c e n t r e s or f a c i l i t i e s and the a l l o c a t i o n of the demand p o i n t s to them. The program s o l v e s t h i s b a s i c problem with the f o l l o w i n g f e a t u r e s : the opt imum "b e s t " po-s i t i o n of each cen tre r e l a t i v e to i t s d emand" po i n ts may be de f i n e d as minimiz ing e i t h e r the aver age, or the f u r t h e s t , d i s t a n c e t r a v e l l e d from the c e n t r e ; u pper l i m i t s may be pi a-ced on the c a p a c i t ies of the c e n t r e s , in which c a se transpor t a t i o n a n a l y s i s i s used to determine the a 1 loca t i ons; some c e n t r e s may be con s i d e r e d f i x e d , i . e . already ex i s t i n g . The approach used in t h i s program i s s i m i l a r in n a t ur e to what we c a l l in the present t h e s i s the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computation, or more s p e c i f i c a l l y the Reference Point Compu-t a t i o n . Those three examples of C o n s u l t a n t s , A r c h i t e c t s , and Acade-mic contexts c o n t r i b u t e to s i t u a t e the b a s i c r e f e r e n c e s of the t h e s i s and the nature of the fundamental preoccupation o f t h e s u b j e c t . 5 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The systems approach as a p p l i e d to the development of the schematic design, i s a method of problem d e f i n i t i o n and so-l u t i o n concerned with the i n t e r a c t i o n among the many problem elements in the l a r g e r context of the t o t a l p r o j e c t . It avoids the t r a d i t i o n a l methods of independent treatment of design problems by s u b j e c t i n g the data i n t e r a c t i o n s to de-t a i l e d a n a l y s i s . The primary emphasis i s on i n t e g r a t i n g a l l elements of i n f o r m a t i o n to optimize t h e i r p o s i t i v e e f f e c t s on each other. Conventional design procedures are s e q u e n t i a l in that they r e q u i r e the completion of one phase before another can be i n i t i a t e d . U s u a l l y a r c h i t e c t u r a l d e sign i s developed to a s i g n i f i c a n t l e v e l of d e t a i l b efore e n g i n e e r i n g design i s e-ven s t a r t e d . D e c i s i o n s which should be made a f t e r a d e t a i l e d a n a l y s i s of t r a d e o f f s among programme requirements, are often made in d i f f e r e n t phases. T h e r e f o r e , d e c i s i o n s made in ear-l i e r phases unduly l i m i t the use of a l t e r n a t i v e design s o l u -t i o n s in l a t e r phases. The systems approach i m p l i e s a change i n the ti m i n g of t r a d i -t i o n a l phasing of the design work. It r e q u i r e s a n a l y s i s c l o s e to the l e v e l of d e t a i l of the design development phase du-r i n g the schematic design phase as w e l l as du r i n g the l a t t e r part of the programming phase to p r o p e r l y evaluate the i n t e -r a c t i o n s of a l t e r n a t i v e design s o l u t i o n s . N a t u r a l l y , there are value judgements to be made, many f a c -t o r s enter i n t o any a n a l y s i s . There i s a v a r i e t y of a l t e r -n a t i v e s f o r each l e v e l of d e c i s i o n and a l l of them must be examined. The p r e f e r e n t i a l must be compared to the p o s s i b l e and a s y n t h e s i s e volved. D e c i s i o n s concerning the p r o j e c t must in c l u d e the p a r t i c i p a t i o n of the f u l l team of a r c h i t e c t engineer, c o n t r a c t o r , owner, o p e r a t i n g and maintenance ex-perts a l l of whom w i l l be able to provide s u b s t a n t i a l i n f o r -mation and ideas l e a d i n g toward a f i n a l s o l u t i o n . In i t s pre-s e n t a t i o n of a l t e r n a t i v e s , the systems approach becomes a great working t o o l as i t s view of a b u i l d i n g and i t s i n t e -grated system i s g l o b a l , r a t h e r than fragmented. In f a c t , the main idea which led to t h i s t h e s i s has been the f o l l o w i n g : i f w e know p r e c i s e l y the i n f o r m a t i o n a p p l i c a b l e to each part of the p r o j e c t l a y o u t , we have the p o t e n t i a l to r e -e v aluate not only the o v e r a l l view of the p r o j e c t but a l s o each p a r t i c u l a r l e v e l of concept and understanding. In the s p i r i t of the systematic approach the general objec-t i v e s of the t h e s i s have been to: a) b u i l d an i n v e n t o r y and o rganize the i n f o r m a t i o n a v a i l a b l e toward an a r c h i t e c t u r a l programme, b) d e s c r i b e how to use i t to perform a schematic d e s i g n , c) e l a b o r a t e a procedure of changes for a b e t t e r understan-ding of the p r o j e c t requirements toward the scheme s e l e c t i o n , d) develop a coding system, compatible with automatic data p r o c e s s i n g p r a c t i c e , to memorize every s i n g l e word used. 7 A set of d e t a i l e d o b j e c t i v e s r e g a r d i n g the Data Base may be summarized as f o l l o w s : a) provide a name for a l l types of a c t i v i t i e s , rooms and a t t r i b u t e s , w i t h i n a housing context, which can allow the p r e p a r a t i o n of many a r c h i t e c t u r a l programmes on the same b a s i s , b) allow aggregation of a l l measurements and q u a n t i t i e s at every s c a l e and step in the computation of the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s , c) allow aggregation of q u a n t i t i e s in u n i t s r e l a t e d to a r c h i -t e c t u r a l c o n s i d e r a t i o n s and provide r a p i d response to pro-gramme changes, d) allow r e - o r g a n i s a t i o n of the F u n c t i o n a l Unit in response to more d e t a i l e d awareness of a d m i n i s t r a t i v e and other n o n - a r c h i t e c t u r a l c o n s t r a i n t s , e) provide an i n t e r f a c e f o r a l l data d e s c r i b i n g a c t i v i t i e s and rooms, a c c o r d i n g to d i f f e r e n t a t t r i b u t e requirements, optimize these data. 8 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK To gain the most b e n e f i t of the system use and the given examples, the f o l l o w i n g order of the study i s recommended: a) study the d e f i n i t i o n s and the l i n k s among them. For the l i n k comprehension see the O v e r a l l System Diagram(Page l l ) Scheme Composition Diagram(Page 38), the P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuents Composition Diagram(Page 78), and the C o n t r o l Para-meters Composition Diagram(Page 94), b) using the coding system, compose a F u n c t i o n a l Unit with the Data Base and the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form(Pa-ge 34), c) from t h i s F u n c t i o n a l Unit compute the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s using the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computation Form(Page 91) and the d e s c r i b e d procedure (chapter 4 ) , d) from the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s , compute the C o n t r o l Para-meters using the C o n t r o l Parameters Computation Form(Pa-ge 98) and the d e s c r i b e d procedure (chapter 5) e) simulate a change somewhere in the process to see the t r a n s f o r m a t i o n in the schematic design (not done in the thes i s ) , f) come back to the scheme composition items and make chan-ges in the S i t e Planning Assignment to see how the s i t e p l a n n i n g s t r a t e g y plays a r o l e in the schematic design (not done in the t h e s i s ) . APPLICATION The methodology presented in t h i s t h e s i s i s d i r e c t l y asso-c i a t e d with the e a r l y stages of any urban housing p r o j e c t . Most of the time the energy needed to c o l l e c t the data, pre-pare the forms, develop the p r e s e n t a t i o n format, b u i l d the model and s t a r t the whole design process discourages the ar-c h i t e c t to express a l t e r n a t i v e proposals f o r p r o j e c t s under p l a n n i n g . We have developed in the Appendix A a " P r o j e c t Ex-ample" with the aims to show the a p p l i c a t i o n of the system, and the q u a n t i t y of data needed to produce the schematic de-sign p l a n . We have to remember that i f a computer program was h a n d l i n g the computation, the only r e a l m a n i p u l a t i o n would be the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form Table V I I . Throughout the t h e s i s , as a working example, a F u n c t i o n a l Unit composed of one a c t i v i t y "Reading to C h i l d " w i t h i n a "Day Care" has been shown; i t i s a part of the Day Care in the Appendix A. F i g . 1 The System Diagram i l l u s t r a t e s the d i f f e r e n t stages of the p r o c e s s . In a general sense the archi-t e c t u r a l needs of the people are stored in the Data Base and the F u n c t i o n a l Unit S e l e c t i o n Procedure w i l l c o n s t r u c t the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme. On the other hand and perhaps in the same time, we c o n s t r u c t the S i t e Planning S t r a t e g y from the S i t e Information and by the Scheme Assignment Procedure. The next o p e r a t i o n i s to prepare the Schematic Design. T h i s i s e s s e n t i a l l y a computation procedure using the programme and 10 s i t e i n f o r m a t i o n s to p r o d u c e the 5 P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . H a v i n g done a f i r s t s c h e m a t i c d e s i g n p l a n , we then measure i t s P e r f o r m a n c e by the C o n t r o l P a r a m e t e r s C o m p u t a t i o n P r o -c e d u r e . When the c o n t r o l p a r a m e t e r s show a h i g h p e r f o r m a n c e f o r a p a r t i c u l a r s c h e m a t i c d e s i g n p l a n , i t becomes by compa-r i s o n a p r o p o s a l . The f o l l o w i n g l i s t of d e f i n i t i o n s i s r e l a t e d t o F i g . 1 and s h o u l d be u n d e r s t o o d w i t h r e s p e c t t o the whole t h e s i s . DATA_BASE: a l i b r a r y of i n f o r m a t i o n o r g a n i z e d f o l l o w i n g a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of B l o c k s , Components and p r o p e r Names. S_ J_TE_ IN FORMAT ION^ a s e t of a p p r o p r i a t e l i m i t a t i o n s r e g a r d i n g the s i t e t r a n s f o r m a t i o n . ^ 5 . £ l i I I £ £ 1 2 M t _ Z 2 . 2 5 . 5 . ^ ! l ^ £ : a l i s t o f a c t i v i t i e s , a s s o c i a t e d rooms, and a t t r i b u t e s , g r o u ped i n t o f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s . ^ I l ^ _ Z i ; ^ M I I i £ _ l l { i i l i H £ X i a w a y t o o r g a n i z e a r e s p o n s e to a p a r t i c u l a r p i e c e of l a n d , u s i n g the s i t e i n f o r m a t i o n and schie-me a s s i g n m e n t p r o c e d u r e . SCHEMATIC DESIGN: the r e s u l t of the p r e l i m i n a r y a s s e s s m e n t o f the programme f o r m u l a t e d i n q u a n t i t y and r e l a t i o n s h i p as a p a r t of the d e c i s i o n making p r o c e s s at the b e g i n n i n g of the p r o c e s s . ZJI^ Z21i^ l^ H££: a measurement by key i n d i c a t o r s , o f the schema-t i c d e s i g n a c c u r a c y i n r e l a t i o n s h i p to the programme r e q u i r e -ments and the s i t e p l a n n i n g s t r a t e g y . 11 F i g u r e 1. THE SYSTEM DIAGRAM p A T A B A S E -FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECT ION PROCEDURE H : ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMME 5-TTE IN FORMAT 10$ SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE ISITE PLANNING [STRATEGY PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE 12 CHAPTER 2: THE ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMME THE DATA BASE A r c h i t e c t u r a l and e n g i n e e r i n g d e s i g n o f a complex p r o j e c t , r e q u i r e s an e x t e n s i v e amount of i n f o r m a t i o n . T h i s i n f o r m a -t i o n d e f i n e s the a c t i v i t i e s , rooms and r e q u i r e m e n t s on which the major d e s i g n d e c i s i o n s w i l l be b a s e d . I t a l s o p r o -v i d e s d a t a i n terms of w h i c h a l t e r n a t i v e s can be compared and s o l u t i o n s e v a l u a t e d . E f f e c t i v e use of t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n r e q u i r e s t h a t i t be o r g a n i z e d and s t r u c t u r e d i n a c o n s i s t e n t and i n t e r r e l a t e d f a s h i o n . T h i s l o g i c a l s t r u c t u r e i s what c r e -a t e s a d a t a base as c o n t r a s t e d w i t h u n s t r u c t u r e d i n f o r m a t i o n . A d a t a base not o n l y f a c i l i t a t e s c a r r y i n g out p r e d i c t a b l e i n f o r m a t i o n p r o c e s s i n g t a s k s , but a l s o b e c a u s e o f i t s s t r u c -t u r e , o f f e r s the p o s s i b i l i t y of u s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n i n new ways. The d a t a base d e v e l o p e d by CCB (5) f o r the s p e c i f i c p r o j e c t (2) has been a g e n e r a l r e f e r e n c e f o r t h e p r e s e n t h o u s i n g d a t a b a s e . The D a t a Base i s s t r u c t u r e d to a c h i e v e a p r e c i s e i n p u t f o r -mat, u s i n g a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of i n f o r m a t i o n whereby a B l o c k c o n t a i n s Components, and the Components c o n t a i n some s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s c a l l e d the Names. A l l i n f o r m a t i o n i s a p a r t o f t h i s h i e r a r c h y and a s s o c i a t e d t o a c o d e . The code as used i n the Data Base i s u s u a l l y i n the form of I d i g i t l e t t e r f o r the B l o c k , 3 f o r the Component, and 4 l e t t e r s or numbers f o r the 13 Name. In the present Data Base, there are 6 A c t i v i t y B l o c k s , with a t o t a l of 22 A c t i v i t y Components, for a l i s t of 125 A c t i v i t y Names. These a c t i v i t i e s take place in 6 Room Blocks d i v i d e d in 17 Room Components, for a l i s t of 55 Room Names. Each room i s d e f i n e d by 5 A t t r i b u t e Blocks and 31 A t t r i b u t e Components having an u n l i m i t e d number of A t t r i b u t e Names. The S t r u c t u r e of the Data Base i s i l l u s t r a t e d i n F i g . 2 the Data Base Diagram. Als o the complete Data Base i s presented in the Tables I to VI and Table VII shows how to use t h i s i n -formation to compose a F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . T h i s i s a simple ex-ample of one a c t i v i t y "Reading to C h i l d " in the room "Dayroom" the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name being a "Day Care". The f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s are from Fig.2 and apply to the whole t h e s i s . DATA_BAS_E: a l i b r a r y of i n f o r m a t i o n organized f o l l o w i n g a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of B l o c k s , Components, and proper Names. BLOCK_: a generic category of grouping i n f o r m a t i o n under the same l a b e l . COMPONENT: an intermediate l e v e l of i n f o r m a t i o n under the sa-me s u b j e c t and attached to a Block; the component i s followed by a s p e c i f i c Name. NAME_: the lowest l e v e l of the h i e r a r c h y and the more s p e c i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n i n c l u d e d in the Data Base. 14 F i g u r e 2 . THE DATA BASE DIAGRAM BATA &A*E BLOCK BLOCK BLOCK BLOCK COM I ON ENfT C O N PONENT COMPONE CON COM VONEItT ONEH JT COM 'ON ENT NAME NAME NAME NAME NAME NAME 15 The l i s t s of a c t i v i t i e s used to compose t h i s A c t i v i t y Data Base (Tables I and II) have been developed by urban s o c i o l o -g i s t s . The f i r s t r e f e r e n c e i s a study done by S .Me i s and J . Scheu (14) from the Department of Antropology and S o c i o l o g y at the U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia. The second r e f e r e n c e i s from a c o l l e c t i o n of i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g d a i l y a c t i v i -t i e s of urban and suburban p o p u l a t i o n s in twelve c o u n t r i e s and e d i t e d by Alexander S z a l a i (10) under the t i t l e "The Use of Time". The i n f o r m a t i o n used to prepare the Room Data Base (Tables II I and IV) i s from a working experience (2) where a s i m i l a r l i s t was developed f o r a new h o s p i t a l p r o j e c t in Vancouver. The team was working with c o n s u l t a n t groups and used i t to generate the requirement c a t e g o r i e s . The i n f o r m a t i o n used to prepare the A t t r i b u t e Data Base (Ta-b l e s V and VI) i s from the r e f e r e n c e (7) The Planning Design C r i t e r i a . A l s o some l i s t s of A t t r i b u t e Names are from the r e f e r e n c e (17) The A r c h i t e c t u r a l Graphic Standards. Table I LIST OF ACTIVITY CODE BLOCK H Home and Personal W Work at Home B R e c r e a t i o n E Education S E n t e r t a i nmen t M M i s c e l l a n e o u s BLOCK 6. COMPONENT CODE COMPONENT CHL C h i l d Care EAT E a t i n g FOD Food P r e p a r a t i o n HKG Homemaking HYG Personal Hygiene LEI L e i s u r e and S o c i a l MAT Maintenance SLP Sleep TRA T r a v e l for Job WOR Work OUT Outdoor Sports IND Indoor Sports OUD Outdoor A c t i v i t y WAT Water-based Sports EVE Evening C l a s s e s FUR Further Education SCH School CLU Club GAT Gatherings ENT P u b l i c F a c i l i t i e s SER S e r v i c e s SHO Shopping 17 Table II LIST OF ACTIVITY CODE & HIERARCHY CODE BLOCK Home and Personal CODE COMPONENT CHL C h i l d Care EAT E a t i n i FOD Food Preparat i on HKG Homemaking HYG Personal Hygiene CODE NAME BABY Baby Care BABS B a b y s i t i n g BATH C h i l d Bathing DRES C h i l d D r e s s i n g FEED C h i l d Feeding HEAL C h i l d Health HELP Help Homework INDO Indoor P l a y i n g REAC Reading to C h i l d BREA B r e a k f a s t DRIN Drinks EVEN Evening Dinner LUNC Lunch SNAC Snack FBRE B r e a k f a s t Prep. FDR I Drinks Prep. FEVE Evening Dinner Prep. FLUN Lunch Prep. FSNA Snack Prep. ANCA Animal Care BMKG Bedmaking FIRE F i r e p l a c e GARD Gardening IRON Iro n i n g LAUN Laundering SEWG Sewing VACU Vacuum C l e a n i n g WASD Washing Dishes DRES G e t t i n g Dressed M ED I Personal Medical OTHE Personal Others GOUT Prep, to Go Out MAKU P u t t i n g Make-up SHAV Shaving BATH Taking a Bath WASH Washing Body WAHH Washing Hair id I B Table II LIST OF ACTIVITY CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK CODE COMPONENT CODE NAME H Home and Personal LEI L e i s u r e and CLUL Club/Meeting S o c i a l CRAF C r a f t s VISI E n t e r t a i n v i s i t o r s GAME Games HOBB Hobbies LETT L e t t e r w r i t i n g LISM L i s t e n i n g Music LIST L i s t e n i n g Radio MAKM Making Music READ Reading RELA Relaxing/Dozing PHON Telephoning WATC Watching T.V. MAT Maintenance DECO De c o r a t i n g R EPA Repairs SLP Sleep ASLE NSLE DOZG REST Asleep Asleep Dozing Rest i n; Day Night W Work Home at WOR Work TRA T r a v e l f o r Job SECD Second Job B ICY BUSE CARS FOOT T r a v e l T r a v e l T r a v e l T r a v e l by by by on b i c y c l e Bus Car Foot MOTO T r a v e l by Motor R e c r e a t i o n OUT Outdoor Sports ARCH Archery ATHL A t h l e t i c s BASK B a s k e t b a l l CRIC C r i c k e t RUGB Rugby SOCC Soccer TENN Tennis IND Indoor Sports BADM Badminton WRES Box i n g / W r e s t l i n g FENC Fencing GYMC Gymnastics JUDO Judo/Karate TABL Table t e n n i s TENP Tenpin Bowling 19 Table II LIST OF ACTIVITY CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK CODE COMPONENT B R e c r e a t i o n 'OUD Outdoor A c t i v i t i e s CODE NAME CAMP- Camping CYCL C y c l i n g PICN P i c n i c k i n g RAMB Rambling WAT Water-based Sports SAIL S a i l i n g SWIN Swimming WATE Water S k i i n : Education EVE Evening Classe CLAE C l a s s e s FUR Further Education LECR L e c t u r e / C l a s s e s SCH School ASSE Assembly EXAN Exam Per i o d FREE Free P e r i o d HOMN Homework LESS Lessons POLI P o l i t i c a l Courses REAL Read to Learn LECT S p e c i a l Lecture TUTO T u t o r i a l E n t e r t a i n -ment CLU Club CIVI C i v i c A c t i v i t y COMM Community Club R EL I R e l i g i o u s Organi SPOR Sports Club WORK Work/Social GAT Gatherings ENT P u b l i c F a c i l i t i e s M Mi se e l 1 a-neous SER S e r v i c e s PART P a r t i e s CINE Cinema CONC Concert DANC Dancing DISC Discotheque SKAT I c e / R o l l e r / S k a t e BANK Banking CIRC C i r c u l a t i o n GARG Garage Repair HA ID H a i r d r e s s e r POST Post O f f i c e SHO Shopping MARK Marketing SHOP Shopping at Large 20 Table I I I LIST OF ROOM BLOCK & COMPONENT CODE BLOCK CODE COMPONENT R Res i d e n t i a l BED Bed Space H YE Hygiene Space R EL R e l a x a t i o n Space C Commercial COM Commun i c a t i on OFF O f f i c e RET R e t a i l Space VAU Vau l t D I n s t i t u t i o n / EXA Exam i nat i on Treatment TRE Tre a tmen t WOR Workroom U Educat i onal TEA Teaching LAB Laboratory I I n d u s t r i a l MAI Maintenance PRO P r o c e s s i n g STO Storage T T r a n s p o r t a t i o n CIR C i r c u l a t i o n OPE Open Sp ace Table IV LIST OF ROOM CODE & HIERARCHY CODE BLOCK CODE COMPONENT R R e s i d e n t i a l BED Bed Space HYE Hygiene Space REL R e l a x a t i o n Space Commercial COM Communication OFF O f f i c e Space RET R e t a i l Space VAU Vault I n s t i t u t i o n EXA Examination Treatment TRE Treatment WOK Workroom CODE NAME BEDS Bedroom CUBL C u b i c l e BATR Bathroom CUBL C u b i c l e DRER Dr e s s i n g Rm. TOIL T o i l e t DAYR Dayroom LIVI L i v i n g Rm. LOUN Lounge PLAY Playroom SOLA Solarium SUND Sundeck WAIT Waiting Rm. COMP Computer Rm. MUSC Music Rm. PROJ P r o j e c t i o n Rm. TELE Telephone Rm. OFFI O f f i c e BARS Bar CHAP Chapel DINN D i n i n g Rm. SHOP Shop STOE Store BANC Bank STOR Storage S p e c i a l EXAM Examination Rm. OPER Operation Rm. GYMN Gymnasium POOL Pool SONA Sauna Table IV LIST OF ROOM CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK CODE COMPONENT U Education TEA Teaching LAB Laboratory I I n d u s t r i a l MA I Maintenance PRO P r o c e s s i n g STO Storage T Transpor-t a t i o n CIR C i r c u l a t i o n OPE Open Space CODE NAME CLAS Classroom CONF Conference Rm, LIBR L i b r a r y MUSE Museum REAR Reading Rm. SEMI Seminar Rm. STUD Studio STYD Study Rm. DARK Dark Rm. HOUK Housekeeping WORK Workshop GARA Garage KITC K i t c h e n LAUM Laundry LOAD Loading Dock LOCK Lockers BALC CORR ELEV ESCA MALL PARG STAI VEST Balcony C o r r i d o r E l e v a t o r E s c a l a t o r M a l l Parking S t a i r s V e s t i b u l e GARE Garden OPEN Open Rm. PARK Park PLAG Playground 23 Table V LIST OF ATTRIBUTE BLOCK & COMPONENT CODE BLOCK Space Equipment People S i t e Time CODE COMPONENT SA Area Requirement per Capita SC Access to the Room SF F l o o r F i n i s h e s SH Height Requirement SR Number of Rooms SS Number of Room Sides SM Room Perimeter Requirement SW Wall F i n i s h e s SO Window Requirement EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement EF F i x t u r e Requirement EM Mechanical Requirement EP Plumbing Requirement PT Type of People PQ Number of People per Room IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s IF S o i l C a p a c i t y 10 Land Ownership IL Land Use IN Noise Contours IP S p e c i a l Features IS Surface C o n d i t i o n IT Topography IA T r a f f i c C o n d i t i o n IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IV V e g e t a t i o n IW View TW Week TD Day TP Period TU Occurrence 24 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY CODE BLOCK Space CODE COMPONENT CODE NAME SA SC SF Area Requi r e -ment per Ca p i t a Access to the Room Fl o o r F i n i s h e s SH Height Requi rement SR Number of Rooms SS Number of Room Sides 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 See the Appendix C Unspec i f i ed From another Room From a Main C o r r i d o r From a C o r r i d o r From Outside From another Room and a C o r r i d o r From another Room and a Main C o r r i d o r From another Room and Outside From a C o r r i d o r and Out s i d e From a Main C o r r i -dor and Outside Unspec i f i ed Carpet Ceramic T i l e Cushion Sheet V i n y l Cemen t Top i ng Epoxy V i n y l Neoprene Terrazo Semivitreous T i l e Seam l e s s V i n y l V i n y l Asbestos T i l e See the Appendix B Number given by the Ar c h i t e c t u r a l Progr amme U n s p e c i f i e d A s p e c i f i e d M i n i mum Max imum number 25 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK Space CODE COMPONENT SM Room Per ime t e r SW Wall F i n i s h e s SO Window Requ i rement Equipment EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement FX F i x t u r e CODE NAME 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 A s p e c i f i e d Number 2 M i n imum 3 Maximum 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Gypsum Board 2 Plywood 3 P l a s t i c Laminate 4 V i n y l F a b r i c 5 F l a t Latex 6 Epoxy Pa i n t 7 Eg g s h e l l Alkyd 8 V i n y l A c r y l i c 9 Wood 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 P r e f e r r e d with l e s s than 257. of the longest wal1 2 Required with a 7. of the longest wall 3 U n d e s i r a b l e 4 N o n - E s s e n t i a l 5 S p e c i a l Features 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Power f o r l i g h t i n g 2 Power 110 v o l t 3 Power 220 v o l t 4 S p e c i a l Power 5 . S p e c i a l L i g h t i n g 6 Emergency Power 7 L i g h t i n g Emergency 8 Power and L i g h t i n g 9 A l l of them 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 Disposable 2 Consumable 3 F u r n i s h i n g 4 B u i l d i n g Systems 5 Dispo. /Cons urn ,-• e 6 Dispo. / F u r n i s i t» 7 Cons./Dispo./F u;n. 8 A l l of them 9 Furnishing/Systems 26 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK Eq'u i pmen t CODE COMPONENT EM Mechanical CODE NAME EP Plumbing People PT Type of People PQ N umb e r People of 0 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 . 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 U n s p e c i f i e d A i r Cond i t i oned Heated Only V e n t i l a t e d Only S p e c i a l Temperature S p e c i a l Pressure Conditioned/Heated Heated/Vent i1ated A i r F i 1 t r a t i on H e a t i n g / F i l t r a t i o n U n s p e c i f i e d Water C l o s e t Lavatory Soft Water Vac uum Gas Shower/Bath C l o s e t / B a t h / L a v a t . Water and Vacuum Vacuum and Gas U n s p e c i f i e d A l l Alone Alone in a Crowd Only and Parent C h i l d r e n C h i l d r e n Family Adul t Ret i red F r i e n d s / R e l a t i v e s Youth U n s p e c i f i e d One Person Two Persons Three Persons 4 to 7 Persons 7 to 15 Persons 15 to 30 Persons 30 to 50 Persons 50 to 7 5 Persons A s p e c i f i e d number of Persons 2 7 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK S i t e CODE COMPONENT • IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d ings IF S o i l C a p a c i t y 1 0 Land Ownership IL Land Use CODE NAME 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Incompa t i b1e 2 Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y 3 Medium Compa t i b i 1 i ty 4 F u l l C o m p a t i b i l i t y 5 P h y s i c a l Link 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 10 to 30 l b s / s q f e e t 2 30 to 40 l b s / s q f e e t 3 40 to 50 l b s / s q f e e t 4 50 to 100 " " 5 100 to 150 " " 6 150 to 2 50 " " 7 Over 250 l b s / s q f e e t 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 I n d i v i d u a l 2 N o n - P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n 3 P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n 4 I n s t i t u t i o n 5 L o c a l Government 6 Senior Government 7 Lease 8 Co-Op 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Single/Duplex 2 Mobile Homes 3 M u l t i p l e Family 4 T r a n s i e n t Lodging 5 School/Church 6 Nursing Homes 7 Auditorium 8 Spectator Sports 9 Playground 10 Water R e c r e a t i o n 11 O f f i c e Bui Id ings 12 R e t a i l 13 P u b l i c Right-of-Way 28 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK S i t e CODE COMPONENT IN Noise Contours CODE NAME 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s 2 8 to 10 D e c i b e l s 3 10 to 15 D e c i b e l s 4 15 to 20 D e c i b e l s 5 20 to 30 D e c i b e l s 6 30 to 40 D e c i b e l s 7 40 to 50 D e c i b e l s 8 50 to 60 D e c i b e l s 9 Over 60 D e c i b e l s IP IS S p e c i a l Features Surface C o n d i t i o n IT Topography IA T r a f f i c Cond i t i on See p a r t i c u l a r S i t e 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 Turf 2 Natural S o i l 3 Gravel 4 Sand/Gravel/Clay 5 Stone Paving Block 6 P r e c a s t Concrete 7 Flagstone 8 Bitum i n i o u s Concre. 9 Cork Asphalt 10 P o r t l a n d Cement Concrete 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 E x i s t i n g Topography 2 Landscaped Topo. 3 B u i l d i n g Topography 0 U n s p e c i f i e d - 1 Truck Access 2 Car Access 3 S p e c i a l Machinery 4 Motor Access 5 B i c y c l e Access 6 Pedestr i an Only 7 Emergency Access 8 C a r / M o t o r / B i c y c l e 9 No Access 10 Handicapped Access 29 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK S i t e CODE COMPONENT IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System IV V e g e t a t i o n IW View Time TW Week CODE NAME 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 Clean M a t e r i a l 2 I n t e r i o r / P e o p l e 3 In t e r i o r / G o o d 4 E x t e r i o r / P e o p l e 5 Exterior/Good 6 Garbage 7 Heavy T r a n s p o r t . 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Ground cover l " t o l O 2 Knee Height 1.5ft. 3 Waist Height 3 f t . 4 Eye Le v e l 6 f t . 5 Screen 8 f t . 6 Above 8 f t . i n to the Sky 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 Incompa t i b1e 2 Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y 3 Medium Compatibi. 4 F u l l C o m p a t i b i l i t y 0 Unspec i f i ed 1 Week-end Only 2 Week-end 3 Sunday 4 Saturday 5 Beginning of the Week 6 End of the Week 7 Week 8 Wednesday 9 A s p e c i f i e d day -30 Table VI LIST OF ATTRIBUTE CODE & HIERARCHY (continued) CODE BLOCK Time CODE COMPONENT TD Day TP Per iod TU Occurrence per Week CODE NAME 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Morning 2 Afternoon 3 Evening 4 Night 5 Morning/Afternoon 6 Evening/Night 7 Afternoon/Evening 8 Morning/Night 9 Morning/Evening 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Under 3 Minutes 2 3 to 5 Minutes 3 5 to 10 Minutes 4 10 to 15 Minutes 5 15 to 20 Minutes 6 20 to 30 Minutes 7 30 to 120 Minutes 8 2 to 5 Hours 9 Over 5 Hours 0 U n s p e c i f i e d 1 Under once 2 1 to 4 Times 3 4 to 7 Times 4 7 to 10 Times 5 10 to 15 Times 6 15 to 20 Times 7 20 to 25 Times 8 25 to 30 Times 9 Over 30 Times 3 1 THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION We have d e f i n e d an A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme as a l i s t of ac-t i v i t i e s , a s s o c i a t e d rooms, and a t t r i b u t e s grouped i n t o func-t i o n a l u n i t s . Whatever the sources of t h i s programme, a l l of the questions w i l l i d e n t i f y the a c t i v i t i e s for which a p a r t i -c u l a r room i s to be used and what the room requirements are. The concept used to i n t e g r a t e the answers to those questions i s the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . A F u n c t i o n a l Unit i s a l i s t of a c t i -v i t i e s a s s o c i a t e d with a room and with 31 a t t r i b u t e s s e l e c -ted from the Data Base and f o l l o w i n g a determined s t r u c t u r e . F i g . 3 The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Diagram i l l u s t r a t e s how we s t o r e the i n f o r m a t i o n i n s i d e the F u n c t i o n a l Unit with the s e l e c t i o n procedure. The sequence of data s e l e c t i o n s t a r t s with the s e l e c t i o n of a c t i v i t i e s , then the room and space, equipment, people, s i t e and time a t t r i b u t e s . Table VII shows the input form and the use of the coding system. The a r c h i -t e c t u r a l programme i s composed of one or many f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s . FUNCTIONAL_ UN IT: a l i s t of one or many a c t i v i t i e s a s s o c i a t e d with a room and with 31 a t t r i b u t e s , s e l e c t e d from the Data Base . ARCH J.T E C T UR AL_PR OGR AMM E : a l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s , a s s o c i a t e d rooms, and a t t r i b u t e s of those rooms, grouped i n t o f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s . A£ZJLY-.LEX: a p a r t i c u l a r a c t i o n r e q u i r i n g and s p e c i f i e d e n v i -r onme nt. 32 ROOM: a s p e c i f i e d and l i m i t e d volume where an a c t i v i t y i s per formed. A T T R J [ B _ U T _ E J_ an a c t i v i t y requirement q u a l i f i e r ; there are 5 a t t r i b u t e b l o c k s , Space, Equipment, People, S i t e , Time. I f A£E_A^TRJ.BJJTEj_ a 1 1 i n f o r m a t i o n d e s c r i b i n g the p h y s i c a l l i -mits of a room, where p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t i e s are performed. EQUJ.PM E N T _ A T T R _I B U T E : a l l i n f o r m a t i o n d e s c r i b i n g the e l e c t r i -c a l mechanical, plumbing and f i x t u r e requirements needed to perform p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t i e s . PEOPLE ATTRIBUTE: a l l i n f o r m a t i o n needed to d e f i n e the peo-ple i n v o l v e d in p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t i e s . i l i Z i i — f : i n f o r m a t i o n d e s c r i b i n g the s i t e r e q u i r e -ments needed to perform p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t i e s . TIME ATTRIBUTE: a l l i n f o r m a t i o n to s p e c i f y an average timing schedule for p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t i e s . The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Data the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s De s i gn. w i l l be used for the computation of in order to develop the Schematic 33 Figure 3. THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION DIAGRAM 4 > A T A & A S E FUNCTIONAL UNITJ SELECTION ACTIVITY BLOCK ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT COMPONENT NAME NAME SPACE BLOCK ATTRI3UTE COMPONENT NAME EQUIP. BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME PEOPLE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPON ENT NAME SITE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME TIME BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME ARCHITECTURAL SITE INFORMATION SCHEME ASSIGNMENT P R n r E m i R R |SITE PLANNING STRATEGY PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION .PROCEDURE PERFORMANCE 34 Table VII THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme I F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name H,CHL,REAC: Reading to C h i l d Room Name R,R EL,DAYR: Dayroom CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT ATTRIBUTE NAME SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a 10.9 sq f e e t Appendix C SC3 Access to the Room From a C o r r i d o r SF1 F l o o r F i n i s h e s Carpet SH9 Height Requirement 9 fe e t SR2 Number of Rooms 2 Pla n n i n g Modules SS3 Number of Room Sides Maximum SM2 Room Perimeter M i n imum SW2 Wall F i n i s h e s P1ywood S03 Window Requirement Undes i r a b l e EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE8 E l e c t r i c a l Requirement Power and L i g h t i n g EF3 F i x t u r e Requirement F u r n i s h i n g EM 7 Mechanical Requirement Heated and V e n t i l a t e d EP4 Plumbing Requirement Vacuum PEOPLE BLOCK PT4 Type of People C h i l d r e n and Parents PQ10 Number of People/Rm. 10 Persons SITE BLOCK 1X2 E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y with Day Care IF3 S o i l C a p a c i t y 40 lbs/square feet 102 Land Ownership U s u a l l y N o n - P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n IL5 Land Use School INI Noise Contours 6 to 8 d e c i b e l s from Outside IPO Spec i a l Features Unspec i f i ed IS2 Surface C o n d i t i o n If Ground Level Natural S o i l IT1 Topography If Ground Level E x i s t i n g Topo. IA6 T r a f f i c Cond i t i on P e d e s t r i a n Only IR2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System Interior/Peop1e IVO V e g e t a t i o n U n s p e c i f i e d IWl View Incompatible with Day Care TIME BLOCK TW 7 Week A l l the Week TD2 Day Mainly Afternoon TP4 Period Average 15 Minutes TU5 Occurrence/Week 15 Times per Week 35 CHAPTER 3: THE SITE PLANNING STRATEGY THE SCHEME COMPOSITION At t h i s stage of the process, we assume that the a r c h i t e c t u -r a l programme has been determined using the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form, and the Data Base. The next stage which might be done at the same time with the programme develop-ment, i s to develop the S i t e Information. From t h i s s i t e i n -formation a Scheme w i l l be prepared in order to produce a S i t e P lanning S t r a t e g y . F i g . 4 The Scheme Composition Dia-gram, i l l u s t r a t e s how a Scheme i s developed: a) r e l a t i o n s h i p s among a r c h i t e c t u r a l f u n c t i o n s , b) c o n s t r u c t i o n techniques, m a t e r i a l , and equipment, c) s i t e assignments, d) cost assignments.. At the Scheme p r e p a r a t i o n l e v e l t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s expres-sed by the A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i c e s , to cover the r e l a t i o n s h i p s among a r c h i t e c t u r a l f u n c t i o n s . The Planning and S t r u c t u r a l Modules show the i n t e g r a t i o n of c o n s t r u c t i o n techniques, use of the m a t e r i a l and equipment. The s i t e as-signments are i n t e g r a t e d by the S i t e P lanning A n a l y s i s , the S i t e Planning General Assignment, the S i t e Planning a s s i g n -ment and the General D i r e c t i o n Assignment. F i n a l l y we have the Unit Cost Assignment. A f t e r t r y i n g a few schemes a S i t e P l a n n i n g S t r a t e g y i s adopted. In f a c t we have f o r one a set of i n f o r m a t i o n , and for another a set of scheme c o n s t i t u e n t s 36 which we use to a s s i g n i n f o r m a t i o n through the Scheme A s s i g n -ment Procedure. These assignments are used in the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computation Procedure to develop the Schematic Design. HII_IIiZ22.?lAII£ii: a s e C o f a p p r o p r i a t e l i m i t a t i o n s r e g a r d i n g the s i t e t r a n s f o r m a t i o n . A J£J^  I^N_I T Y_M AT T_>(j^  a t h e o r e t i c a l assignment of h o r i z o n t a l r e -l a t i o n s h i p s between A c t i v i t y Components. 2 ^ 2 £ H ^ _ Z 5 . I £ 2 . I 1 I_!1^ 1 £ I ^ : a t h e o r e t i c a l assignment of v e r t i c a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s between Room Components. PL ANN J.NG_UN IT^ i s the s m a l l e s t amount of su r f a c e that could be assigned to support an a c t i v i t y . PLANNING_MODULE: one or many plann i n g u n i t s having together a set of p a r t i c u l a r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . STRUCTURAL_UNIT: the s m a l l e s t amount of space being b u i l t . STRUCTURAL NODULE: one or many s t r u c t u r a l u n i t s having toget-her a set of p a r t i c u l a r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . SIlg_P.LAN^ING ANALYS IS ; a d e s c r i p t i o n of a s i t e , using a l i s t of s i t e a t t r i b u t e assignments, and a set of c o o r d i n a t e s . l l i J L J ^ N I i l N ^ ^ ^ t h e p o s s i b l e assignment of co o r d i n a t e s on the s i t e used f o r f u r t h e r planning assignment. l I I I -ZLMm^-^HISHMHl : a n assignment of c o o r d i n a t e s sho-wing a concept of r e l a t i o n s h i p s among the same a t t r i b u t e com-ponents on the s i t e . 2 I ^ H ^ I : _ 2 I l i i : £ l I 2 I i _ l l i ^ I 2 i l ! l i : ! i I : a n assignment of d i r e c t i o n to some a t t r i b u t e s l i k e l y to i n f l u e n c e the D i r e c t i o n of the func-t i o n a l u n i t . 3 7 UNIT_COST_ ASSIGNMENT: an assignment of u n i t cost to some equipment and m a t e r i a l , l i k e l y to i n f l u e n c e the f u n c t i o n a l u n i t c o s t . S_C H EM E: one p a r t i c u l a r proposal for the S i t e Information use and being evaluated in r e l a t i o n with others f o r the same dat a . SITE PLANNING STRATEGY: a way to organize a response to a p a r t i c u l a r piece of land, using the s i t e i n f o r m a t i o n and the Scheme Assignment Procedure. 38 Figure 4. THE SCHEME COMPOSITION DIAGRAM DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECTION PROCEDURE ACTIVITY BLOCK ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT COMPONENT NAME NAME SPACE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME EQUIP. BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME PEOPLE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME S ITE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME TIME BLOCK ATTR IBUTE COMPONENT NAME ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAMME S l i e INFORMATION SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE AFFINITY MATRIX GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX PLANNING MODULE STRUCTURAL MODULE S ITE PLANNING ANALYSIS SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASSIGNMENT S ITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT GENERAL DIRECTION ASSIGNMENT UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT SITS PLAN!N IHC S T R A T - S a y PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE PERFORMANCE 39 THE AFFINITY MATRIX The concept of A f f i n i t y M a t r i x (4) has been developed as a planni n g technique to express a set of p r e f e r r e d h o r i z o n t a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s among the A c t i v i t y Components. Each a c t i v i t y component of the p r o j e c t has many p o s s i b l e l o c a t i o n s on the s i t e and a set of r e l a t i o n s h i p s helps to break down the num-ber of those l o c a t i o n s . The A f f i n i t y M a t r i x c o n s i d e r s a the-o r e t i c a l d i s t a n c e between 2 A c t i v i t y Components at a time, and on the same f l o o r . If t h i s d i s t a n c e i s minimal, the num-ber 6 i s int r o d u c e d in the m a t r i x . T h i s i s an a b s t r a c t f i g u -re u n t i l a schematic design plan i s done. A s p e c i f i c d i s t a n c e i s then assigned to measure the e f f i c i e n c y of other r e l a t i o n -ships in the same F u n c t i o n a l U n i t , or in the p r o j e c t . The p o s s i b l e p o s i t i o n ranges between 0 and 6 in a b s t r a c t terms, and between the maximum length of the b u i l d i n g and a door to door d i s t a n c e in concrete terms. The sum of each matrix row and column presents the A c t i v i t y Component A f f i n i t y Require-ment. T h i s i s to be used to determine the f i r s t P r o j e c t Cons-t i t u e n t c a l l e d the Sequence. It i s important to remember that the sequence i s e s t a b l i s h e d with regard to the whole a c t i v i t y component l i s t , not only for a c t i v i t y components i n -clued in the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . An example of the A f f i n i t y Ma-t r i x i s shown in the F i g . 5 and i t i s i n d i c a t e d that the ac-t i v i t y component " E a t i n g " needs a 6 i n d i c a t i n g a c l o s e - a s -p o s s i b l e h o r i z o n t a l r e l a t i o n s h i p to the a c t i v i t y component 40 Figu r e 5. THE AFFINITY MATRIX CODE/ACTIVITY COMPONENT/AFFINITY REQUIREMENT CHL , C h i l d C a r e 3 ! / EAT , E a t i n g 34 y FOD , F o o d P r e p a r a t i o n 3 6 / H K G , Ho m e m n k i n g 38 , H YG , P e r s o n a l H y g i e n e 6 ! y L E T , L e i s u r e / S o c i a l . 37 J MAT , Ma i n t c n a n c e 5 6 J S L P , S 1. e e r> 22 J TRA , T r a v e l f o r J o b R y WOR , Work 1.4 > OUT , O u t d o o r S p o r t 5 2 1 > IND , I n d o o r S p o r t s 37 J WAT , W a t e r S p o r t s 13 EVE , E v e n i n g C l a s s e s 2 5 FUR , F u r t h e r E d u c a t i o n 3 5 SCH , S c h o o l 34 CLU , C l u b 37 GAT , G a t h e r i n g s 46 ENT , P u b l i c F a c i l i t i e s 39 S ER , S e r v i c e s 3 5 SHO , S h o p p i n g 23 41 "Food P r e p a r a t i o n " . Another example i s " C h i l d Care" with "Evening C l a s s e s " needs a 0 r e l a t i o n s h i p meaning that the l o c a t i o n of one in r e l a t i o n with the other does not matter. Spaces with high A f f i n i t y Requirements w i l l be given a cen-t r a l i z e d p o s i t i o n in the p r o j e c t . A good example i s "Perso-nal Hygiene" with an A f f i n i t y Requirement of 61. THE GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX The concept of Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i x has been developed as a p l a n n i n g technique to express a set of p r e f e r r e d v e r t i c a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s among the Room Components. It i s in t h i s case a matter of p r i o r i t y r a t h e r than a complete r a t i o n a l determina-t i o n . With the Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i x we c o n s i d e r a t h e o r e t i -c a l a s s o c i a t e d f l o o r , i . e . a r e l a t i v e p o s i t i o n to the ground l e v e l , between 2 Room Components at a time. If the a c t i v i t y has to be on the same f l o o r the number 6 i s introduced in the m a t r i x . T h i s i s an a b s t r a c t f i g u r e u n t i l a schematic de-sign i s done. A s p e c i f i c f l o o r i s then assigned and compared with the other r e l a t i o n s h i p s in the p r o j e c t . The p o s s i b l e p o s i t i o n ranges between 0 and 6 in a b s t r a c t terms, and bet-ween the t o t a l number of f l o o r s and the same f l o o r in concre-te terms. The sum of each matrix row and column r e p r e s e n t s the Room Component Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement. T h i s i s to be used to determine the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s c a l l e d the Se-quence. It i s important to remember that the sequence i s es-t a b l i s h e d with regard to the e n t i r e room component l i s t . 42 An example of the Ground P r i o r i t y M a trix i s shown in F i g . 6. It i s i n d i c a t e d t h a t , for i n s t a n c e , the Room Component "Hy-giene Space" needs a 5 or not f u r t h e r than another f l o o r v e r t i c a l r e l a t i o n s h i p with the Room Component " R e l a x a t i o n Space". Also i t i s shown that "Hygiene Space" could be on any f l o o r as f a r as the "Storage Space" i s concerned. The meaning of the Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement i s a degree of a s s o c i a t i o n f o r the Room Component with the ground l e v e l . For i n s t a n c e the "Treatment Space" should be l o c a t e d a s - c l o -se-as p o s s i b l e to the ground l e v e l . On the other hand the "Teaching Space" could be l o c a t e d without too much co n s i d e -r a t i o n s with regard to the ground l e v e l . F i g u r e 6. THE GROUND P R I O R I T Y M A T R I X CODE/ROOM COMPONENT/ GROUND P R I O R I T Y R E Q U I R E M E N T BED, B e d S p a c e 26 HY E, H y g i e n e S p a c e R E L , R e l a x a t i o n S p a c e 3 3 COM, C o m m u n i c a t i o n O F F , Of f i c e R E T , R e t a i l S p a c e VAU, V a u l t EXA, E x a m i n a t i o n T R E , T r e a t m e n t WOR , W o r k r o o m T E A , T e a c h i n g L A B , L a b o r a t o r y M A I , M a i n t e n a n c e PRO, P r o c e s s i n g STO, S t o r a g e C IR , C i r c u l a t i o n O P E , Open S p a c e 44 THE PLANNING MODULE DESCRIPTION There i s always a moment durin g the design process where we have to d e f i n e very s t r i c l y the dimensions of the b u i l -d i n g . What we have developed to be r e s p o n s i b l e f o r such a geometric system, i s a 45 degree angle g r i d , as shown in F i g . 7. T h i s g r i d allows the c o n s t r u c t i o n of many g e o m e t r i c a l forms with a small number of p r o p o r t i o n a l c o n s t r a i n t s . The idea of the g r i d i s that r e g a r d l e s s of the dimension of the Bay (A), the r e p r e s e n t a t i o n of some t y p i c a l arrangements (P l a n n i n g Module C o n f i g u r a t i o n F i g . R) based on t r i a n g u l a r u n i t s (B) remain the same. The small square (C) on each c o r -ner of the Bay becomesa connection between S t r u c t u r a l Modules, At the present time the dimension of the Bay i s 30 f e e t by 30 f e e t , s u b j e c t of more c o n s i d e r a t i o n s by the s t r u c t u r a l en-gineer and the s e l e c t e d m a t e r i a l at a c e r t a i n p o i n t of the p r o c e s s . From t h i s dimension the t r i a n g u l a r u n i t (B) i s 9 sq. f e e t , and c a l l e d the Planning Module U n i t . S t a r t i n g with t h i s P l a n n i n g Module U n i t , d e f i n e d as the s m a l l e s t u s e f u l s u r f a -ce of the p r o j e c t , we e s t a b l i s h a Planning Module as being composed by one or many Planning Module U n i t s . Table VIII shows a l i s t of Planning Modules with t h e i r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s and F i g . 8 shows t h e i r c o n f i g u r a t i o n s . 45 Figu r e 7. THE PLANNING 6< STRUCTURAL MODULE GRID Table VIII LIST OF PLANNING MODULE CHARACTERISTICS PLANNING NUMBER OF GROSS PERIMETER NUMBER MAXIMUM MODULE PLANNING AREA FEET OF LENGTH NUMBER MODULE SQ.FEET SIDES SIDE UNITS FEET 1 2 18 2 4 36 3 4 36 4 5 45 5 5 45 6 6 54 7 6 54 8 6 54 9 6 54 10 7 63 1 1 8 72 12 8 72 13 8 72 14 9 8 1 15 9 81 16 10 90 17 10 90 18 10 90 19 10 90 20 11 99 2 I 11 99 22 I 1 99 23 11 99 24 12 108 25 12 108 26 12 108 27 12 108 28 12 108 29 13 117 30 13 1 17 3 I 13 117 32 13 1 1 7 33 13 1 17 34 14 126 35 14 126 36 14 126 37 14 126 17 4 4.25 36 4 6 25.5 4 8.5 26.5 5 6 3 1.5 7 6 29 6 6 34 6 8.5 29 5 8.5 34 4 12.75 3 1.5 5 8.5 34 4 8.5 37.5 7 8.5 37.5 6 12.75 40 7 12.75 40 6 12.75 41 6 12 41 7 12 37.5 5 8.5 41 6 12 40 5 12.75 43 . 5 7 12 43.5 8 8.5 43.5 7 8.5 48 4 18 41 6 8.5 41 5 12 42.5 4 12.75 46 8 8.5 43.5 6 12.75 43 .5 5 12.75 43 .5 7 8.5 48 . 5 9 8.5 48. 5 8 8.5 46 8 8.5 46 6 17 46 5 12.75 51 8 " 8.5 Table VIII LIST OF PLANNING MODULE CHARACTERISTICS ( c o n t i n PLANN ING NUMBER OF GROSS PERIMETER NUMBER MAXIMUM MODULE PLANN ING AREA FEET OF LENGTH NUMBER MODULE SQ.FEET S IDES S IDE UNITS FEET 38 15 13 5 48.5 7 12.75 39 15 13 5 48. 5 6 12.75 40 16 144 51 6 12.75 41 16 144 51 4 17 42 16 144 48 4 12 43 18 162 51 4 12.75 44 18 162 54.5 5 17 49 8. PLANNING MODULE CONFIGURATION (continued) 50 8 . PLANNING MODULE CONFIGURATION (continued) 51 THE STRUCTURAL MODULE DESCRIPTION The Planning and S t r u c t u r a l Module Gr i d of 30 f e e t by 30 f e e t gives a t o t a l s u r f a c e of 900 square f e e t , The S t r u c t u -r a l Module Unit i s d e f i n e d as the s m a l l e s t space to be b u i l d in the p r o j e c t , r e p r e s e n t i n g the h a l f part of the Bay, 450 square f e e t . The major reason to have s p l i t the Bay in 2 parts i s to decrease the amount of space between 2 S t r u c t u r a l Modu-l e s . A S t r u c t u r a l Module i s composed of one or many S t r u c t u -r a l Module U n i t s . Table IX gives the l i s t of S t r u c t u r a l Modu-le C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , a l s o F i g . 9 i l l u s t r a t e s the S t r u c t u r a l Module C o n f i g u r a t i o n . There are 17 S t r u c t u r a l Modules with d i f f e r e n t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . We can see in F i g . 9 that the S t r u c t u r a l Module (A) i s l o c a t e d to the north of the point A, i t s Reference P o i n t ; t h i s n o t i o n w i l l be e x p l a i n e d l a t e r with the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . A l s o the t r i a n g l e has been trunca-ted to allow c l o s e - p a c k i n g . The S t r u c t u r a l Module Unit i s then 414 square f e e t and the S t r u c t u r a l Module a m u l t i p l e of t h a t . The unshaded areas ( F i g . 9) rep r e s e n t the r e l a t i v e amount of Unassigned Space meaning the s t r u c t u r a l , mechani-c a l , and c i r c u l a t i o n spaces. T h i s r a t i o i s shown in Table IX, and has'been e s t a b l i s h e d to allow a l i n k between 2 connec-t i o n s or s t r u c t u r a l modules. The shaded areas represent the Assigned Space ; the r a t i o i s a l s o shown in Table IX. 52 Table IX LIST OF STRUCTURAL MODULE CHARACTERISTICS STRUC. # OF # OF PERI. STRUC. MODULE STRU.SIDE METER MODULE TYPE UNIT FEET LENGTH FEET STRUC. UNASSIGN ASSIGN TOTAL MODULE SPACE SPACE_ GROSS WIDTH PLANNING PLANN. PLANN. FEET UNITS UNITS UNITS A 1 3 87 34 17 180 20 234 26 414 46 B 2 4 138 55.25 2 1.25 324 36 504 56 828 92 C 2 3 138 54 27 324 36 504 56 828 92 D 2 4 106 30 30 252 28 576 64 828 92 E 3 4 189 76.5 2 1.25 486 54 756 84 1242 138 F 3 5 189 42 . 5 38.25 486 54 756 84 1242 138 G 3 4 157 57 30 432 48 8 10 90 1242 138 H 4 4 170 42 . 5 42.5 648 72 1008 1 12 1656 184 I 4 6 208 55.25 42 . 5 576 64 1080 120 1656 184 J 4 3 208 76.5 38.25 576 64 1080 120 1656 184 K 4 4 176 60 30 504 56 I 1 52 128 1656 184 L 5 5 189 59. 5 42 . 5 738 82 1332 148 2070 230 M 5 4 2 59 76.5 59.5 738 82 1332 148 2070 230 N 6 4 246 90 30 756 84 1728 192 2484 2 76 0 6 6 246 60 60 756 84 1728 192 2484 .2 7 6 P 7 5 263 .5 60 60 9 18 102 1980 220 2898 322 Q 8 4 246 60 60 1008 112 2304 256 33 12 368 54 57 59 Figure 9. S T R U C T U R A L MODULE C O N F I G U R A T I O N (continued) 60 62 Figure 9 . STRUCTURAL MODULE CONFIGURATION (continued) 64 THE SITE PLANNING In the context of t h i s t h e s i s , we understand by S i t e Planning a l l i n f o r m a t i o n u s u a l l y coming from the s i t e and l i k e l y to i n f l u e n c e the l o c a t i o n of the F u n c t i o n a l Unit which i s essen-t i a l l y a Reference Point and a D i r e c t i o n on the s i t e . The f i r s t part of the S i t e P lanning process i s the S i t e P lanning A n a l y s i s . It i s a d e s c r i p t i o n of the s i t e u s ing a l i s t of S i t e A t t r i b u t e Assignments and c o o r d i n a t e s from a S i t e P l a n -ning A n a l y s i s G r i d . T h i s g r i d i s b a s i c a l l y the same as the Planning and S t r u c t u r a l Module G r i d , except that the a s s i g n -ment c o o r d i n a t e i s one by 90 f e e t . T h i s 90 feet i s a m u l t i p l e of 30 feet (to be compatible with the Bay) and has been selec-ted to break down ( f a c t o r of 3) the number of p o s s i b l e assign-ment p o i n t s . F i g . 10 i l l u s t r a t e s t h i s g r i d where the plan of a p a r t i c u l a r s i t e should be underneath. A f t e r computation the new assignment point could be a decimal number, then the 2 intermediate p o s i t i o n s of the g r i d w i l l be used as f o l l o w s : a) the number 1 ranges between .84 to 1.16 b) the f i r s t d i v i s i o n ranges between 1.16 to 1.48 c) the second d i v i s i o n ranges between 1.48 to 1.84 d) the number 2 ranges between 1.84 to 2.16 e t c . . . The g r i d r e p r e s e n t s 2.4 a c r e s . An example of the S i t e Plan-ning A n a l y s i s i s the Noise Contours which i s d i f f e r e n t i a t e d and l o c a t e d by 2 c o o r d i n a t e s from the S i t e Planning A n a l y s i s G r i d . Also we record for the same reason and with the same f a s h i o n , the S o i l C a p a c i t y , the Land Use, the T r a f f i c Condi-65 t i o n , the T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System, the V e g e t a t i o n , and f i n a l -l y the View. Table X shows an example of t h i s assignment. Having recorded a l l of these data about the s i t e , we s t a r t to i n t e g r a t e them with some i n t e r n a l zoning r e g u l a t i o n s , in a new assignment c a l l e d the S i t e Planning General Assignment. It i s e s s e n t i a l l y an assignment of c o o r d i n a t e s i n d i c a t i n g the areas where the s i t e a t t r i b u t e s w i l l allow us to b u i l d . Each area has a l i s t of c o o r d i n a t e s d e s c r i b i n g a c i r c l e , where the center ( c o o r d i n a t e s ) w i l l be used for p a r t i c u l a r assignment l a t e r . The main point here i s one more time to break down the number of p o s s i b l e assignment p o i n t s . The length of the r a d i u s gives an idea ( s c a l e ) of the impact of d i f f e r e n t s i t e a t t r i b u t e s t o g e t h e r . Table XI shows an exam-ple of the S i t e Planning General Assignment using the S i t e P l anning General Assignment G r i d F i g . 11. The next part of the S i t e Planning i s c a l l e d the S i t e Plan-ning Assignment. The idea here i s to develop concepts by l e -v e l s of understanding ( r e l a t e d to p a r t i c u l a r Components). With res p e c t to the previous c o o r d i n a t e s s e l e c t i o n c a l l e d the S i t e P lanning General Assignment, what the " b e s t " r e l a -t i o n s h i p s are between A c t i v i t y Blocks in terms of Reference P o i n t s on the s i t e . T h i s concept of Reference Point or as-signed c o o r d i n a t e s for the A c t i v i t y Blocks i s followed by the same c o n s i d e r a t i o n s about the Type of People, the Noise Contours, the T r a n s p o r t a t i o n s System, the V e g e t a t i o n , the Week and the P e r i o d . A l l of those assignments w i l l play an 66 important r o l e in the computation procedure to determine the l o c a t i o n of the F u n c t i o n a l Unit on the s i t e . Table XII shows an example of the S i t e Planning Assignment. For the next assignment, which i s c a l l e d the General D i r e c -t i o n Assignment, we do the same, but r a t h e r than a s s i g n a r e f e r e n c e p o i n t on the s i t e we assign a d i r e c t i o n with r e s -pect to that p o i n t . The p o s s i b l e d i r e c t i o n s are the n o r t h , the south, the e a s t , and the west. We use the f o l l o w i n g At-t r i b u t e Component: the Window Requirement, the Land Owner-s h i p , the Land Use, the View, and the Day. Table XIII shows an example of the General D i r e c t i o n Assignment. F i n a l l y f o l l o w i n g some l o c a l c o n s i d e r a t i o n s , we as s i g n a Unit Cost to some items l i k e l y to i n f l u e n c e the cost of the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . We c a l l t h i s the Unit Cost Assignment. Table XIV shows an example of the Unit Cost Assignment. 6 7 Figur e 10. SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS GRID — i 7S / ^ 7 h s / > — < *i 7 >—i Y 7 )—<k \ 7 > — < \ / >—< S / )—< \ / > > K \7 \ 7^ / 7 \ s / 7 *c o S > 7 ••• \ s c 7 \ \ 7 7' \ \ s 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 \7 \ / \ \ / 7 \ > s 7 \ % 7 7 • \ WmM 7 \ S 7 7 \ S / 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ / 7 V s / ^  J 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / 7 S \ 7 7 S \ / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ 7 > > >7 \ 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 / \ \ / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 7 7 \ s / 1 { J* / \ \ / 7 \ \ co-7 7 \ S / 7 \ \ 7 7 ^ \ 7 \7 \ 7\ { / V \ / Is s / \ / 7 \ \ 7 7 S S / 7 \ \ S 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / > > \7 \ / \ / V s / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ 7 / V s / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ / 1 1 s / 7 \ \ 7 7 \ s s 7 S \ / 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ 7 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / s? \ 7^) ( > N s / 7 s s / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / 7 V \ / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / 7 S \ / r > > 7 ' \7 \ 7s) 7 / V s / 7 \ s / r k 7 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / > \ \ / 7 \ \ / 7 \ \ / \7 \ k>—i 7 \ 7 \ > i 7 \ > — < 7 \ > — < 7 \ > — < 7 \ > — < 7 V >—< > \ > — < -J ro r\i 68 Tabl-e X SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS CODE INFORMATION REFERENCE POINT (Coordinates X-Y from S i t e Grid) EXISTING BUILDINGS IXAi 1-2 2-2 5-4 SOIL CAPACITY IFA1 10 to 30 l b s / s q f e e t 1-2 1-2 2-1 2 30 to 40 l b s / s q f e e t 1-2 1-2 2-1 4-4 3 AO to 50 l b s / s q f e e t 4-2 5-2 5-3 5-4 4 50 to 100 " " 4- 1 4-2 5-2 5-3 5-4 5 100 to 12 5 " 4-1 4-2 5-2 5-3 5-4 6 125 to 250 3-3 3-2 3-1 4-2 7 Over 250 l b s / s q f e e t 3-3 3-2 3-1 4-2 LAND USE ILA1 Single/Duplex 2-2 2 Mobile Homes 3 M u l t i p l e Family 4 T r a n s i e n t Lodging 1-2 5 School/Church 1-2 6 Nursing Homes 7 Aud i tor i urn 8 Spectator Sports 9 PI ayground 2-2 10 Water R e c r e a t i o n I 1 O f f i c e B u i l d ings 5-4 12 R e t a i l 5-4 13 P u b l i c Right-of-way 5-4 NOISE CONTOURS INA 1 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 2 8 to 10 D e c i b e l s 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 3 10 to 15 D e c i b e l s 4-2 4-3 4-4 4 15 to 20 D e c i b e l s 1-1 1-2 1-3 5 20 to 30 D e c i b e l s 1-1 1-2 1-3 6 30 to 40 D e c i b e l s 7 40 to 50 D e c i b e l s 8 50 to 60 D e c i b e l s 9 Over 60 D e c i b e l s 69 Table X SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS (continued) CODE INFORMATION REFERENCE POINT (Coordinates X-Y from S i t e G r i d ) TRAFFIC CONDITION IAA1 Truck Access 1 - I 1-2 2-1 2 Car Access 5- 1 4-1 3-1 2- 1 1- 1 3 S p e c i a l Machinery 4 Motor Access 5-1 4- 1 3-1 2- 1 1- 1 5 B i c y c l e Access Al 1 c o o r d i n a t e s 6 P e d e s t r i a n Only 7 Emergency Access 4- 1 R Car/Motor/B i c y c l e 5- 1 4- 1 3-1 2- 1 1- I 9 No Access 10 Handicapped Access TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IRA1 Clean M a t e r i a l 2 I n t e r i o r / P e o p l e 5-4 3 In ter i or/Good 5-4 4 E x t e r i o r / P e o p l e 1-3 2-2 3-2 4-2 4- I 5 Exterior/Good 1-3 2-2 3- 1 6 Garbage 3-4 3-3 3-2 3- I 7 Heavy T r a n s p o r t a t i o n VEGETATION IVA1 Ground Cover 5- 1 5-2 5-3 5- 4 2 Knee Height 1-3 2-4 2-2 3 Waist Height 3-2 4-3 4 Eye Level 3-1 3-2 4- 1 5 Screen 6 Above 8 feet VIEW IWAl 3-1 4-2 5-3 F i g u r e 11. SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASSIGNMENT GRID 4>——0—^—6—————0 <M 7 1 Table XI SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASSIGNMENT SITE BOUNDARIES Coordinates X = 1 to 5 Y «» 1 to 4 GENERAL REFERENCE POINT 2-3 SUB-REFERENCE POINTS (Coordinates X-Y from the S i t e G r i d ) 1 .7-2.4 2 -2.7 2.4-2.7 1.7-3 2 -3 2.4-3 1.7-3.4 2 -3.4 2.4-3.4 3-3 2.4-3 2.7-2.7 3 -2.4 3.4-2.7 3.7-3 2.7-3 3 -2.7 3.4-3 2.7-3.4 3 -3 3.4-3.4 •3*4 -3.7 3-4 2.7-3.7 3 -3.7 3.4-3.7 2.7-4 3 -4 3.4-4 4- 1 3.7-1 4 -1 4.4-1 3.7-1.4 4 -1.4 4.4-1.4 4-2 3.4-2 3.7-1.7 4 -1.4 4.4-1.7 4.7-2 3.7-2 4 -1.7 4.4-2 3.7-2.4 4 -2 4.4-2.4 • 2.4 -2.7 5-2 4.7-1.7 5 -1.7 4.7-2 5 -2 4.7-2.4 5 -2.4 72 Table XII SITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT CODE INFORMATION R.P. CODE INFORMATION R.P ACTIVITY BLOCK VEGETATION HS Home and Personal 2-3 IVS1 Ground Cover 5-2 WS Work at Home 5-2 2 Knee Height 2-3 BS R e c r e a t i o n 3-3 3 Waist Height 3-3 ES Educat i on 4-2 4 Eye Level 4- 1 SS Entertainment 3-3 5 Screen 4-1 MS M i s c e l l a n e o u s 2-3 6 Above 8 feet 4- 1 TYPE OF PEOPLE WEEK PTS 1 A l l Alone 5-2 TWS1 Week-end Only 3-3 2 Alone in a Crowd 3-3 2 Week-end 3-3 3 C h i l d r e n Only 3-4 3 Sunday 3-3 4 C h i l d r e n / P a r e n t s 4-1 4 Saturday 3-3 5 Family 4- 1 5 Week beginning 5-2 6 Adul t 5-2 6 Week end i ng 3-4 7 Ret i r e d 5-2 7 Week 4-1 8 F r i e n d s / R e l a t i v e s 2-3 8 Wednesday 4- 1 9 Youth 4-2 NOISE CONTOURS PERIOD INS1 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s 5-2 TPS 1 Under 3 Minutes 2-3 2 8 to 10 D e c i b e l s 5-2 2 3 to 5 Minutes 2-3 3 10 to 15 D e c i b e l s 4-2 3 5 to 10 Minutes 2-3 4 15 to 20 Dec i b e l s 4-2 4 10 to 15 Minutes 3-3 5 20 to 30 D e c i b e l s 4- 1 5 15 to 20 Minutes 3-3 6 30 to 40 D e c i b e l s 4- 1 6 20 to 30 Minutes 3-4 7 40 to 50 D e c i b e l s 3-4 7 30 to 120 Minutes 4-1 8 50 to 60 D e c i b e l s - 8 2 to 5 Hours 4-2 9 Over 60 D e c i b e l s — 9 Over 5 Hours 5-2 TRANSPORTATION • IRS1 Clean M a t e r i a l 2-3 2 I n t e r i o r People 2-3 3 I n t e r i o r Good 5-2 4 E x t e r i o r People 3-3 5 E x t e r i o r Good 4-2 6 Garbage 3-4 7 Heavy T r a n s p o r t . 4- I R.P. - Reference Point on the S i t e ( c o o r d i n a t e s X-Y) 73 Table XIII GENERAL DIRECTION CODE INFORMATION DIREC WINDOW REQUIREMENT SOS 1 P r e f e r r e d Window South 2 Required Window South 3 Undes i r a b l e North 4 No n - e s s e n t i a l West 5 S p e c i a l Features West LAND OWNERSHIP IOS 1 I n d i v i d u a l South 2 No n - P r o f i t Corp. East 3 P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n West 4 I n s t i t u t i o n North 5 Local Government North 6 Senior Government North 7 Lease -8 Co-op West LAND USE ILS 1 Single/Duplex South 2 Mobile Homes South 3 M u l t i p l e Fam i1y West 4 T r a n s i e n t Lodging East 5 School/Church North 6 Nursing Homes East 7 Aud i t o r i urn North 8 Spectator Sports West 9 PI ayground East 10 Water R e c r e a t i o n South 1 1 O f f i c e B u i l d i n g s North 12 R e t a i l North 13 P u b l i c Right-of-Wa yWest VIEW IWS 1 Incompa t i b1e North 2 Low C o m p a t i b i l i t y North 3 Medium Compatibi. South 4 F u l l C o m p a t i b i l i t y South D i r e c t i o n from the Reference s i t e o r i e n t a t i o n . ASSIGNMENT CODE INFORMATION DIREC DAY TDS 1 Morning East 2 Af ternoon East 3 Even i ng West 4 Night North 5 Morning/Afternoon East 6 Even ing/Night West 7 Afternoon/Evening West 8 Morning/Night North 9 Morning/Evening West Point (4 quadrants) and the 74 Table XIV UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT CODE INFORMATION COST CODE INFORMATION COST $ ROOM COMPONENT FLOOR FINISHES V B ED 1 Bed Space 10. SFC 1 Carpet 2 . HYE1 Hygi ene Space 15. 2 Ceramic T i l e 3 . R EL 1 R e l a x a t i o n Space 10. 3 Cushion Sheet V i n y l 1 . COM1 Commun i c a t i on 18. 4 Cement Toping V i n y l 3 . OFF1 O f f i c e 13 . 5 Epoxy V i n y l 3 . RET1 R e t a i l Space 20. 6 Neoprene Terrazo 10. VAU1 Vault 30. 7 Seraivritreous T i l e 8. EXA1 Exam i n a t i on 20. 8 Seamless V i n y l 5. TRE1 Treatment 60. 9 V i n y l Asbestos T i l e 1 . WOK1 Workroom 55. WALL FINISHES TEA 1 Teaching 22 . SWC1 Gypsum Board .5 LAB I L a b o r a t o r y 90. 2 P1ywood .8 MAI 1 Maintenance 30. 3 P l a s t i c Laminate 1.2 PROl P r o c e s s i n g 25. 4 V i n y l F a b r i c 1.5 STOl Storage 10. 5 F l a t Latex . 1 C IR 1 C i r c u l a t i on 15. 6 Epoxy Paint .2 OPE1 Open Space 20. 7 Egg s h e l l Alkyd .5 ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENT 8 V i n y l A c r y l i c .3 EEC I Power f o r L i g h t i n g 1 . 9 Wood 1 . 5 2 Power 110 V o l t 1 . WINDOW 3 Power 220 V o l t 10. SOC I Pre f e r r e d 2 . 4 S p e c i a l Power 10. 2 Required 2 . 5 S p e c i a l L i g h t i n g 15. 5 Spec i a l Features 50. 6 Emergency Power 12. SURFACE CONDITION 7 L i g h t i n g Emergency 10. ISC1 Turf .2 8 Power and L i g h t i n g 8. 2 Nature S o i l -MECHANICAL REQUIREMENT 3 Gravel . 1 EMCl A i r Cond i t i oned 30. 4 Sand/Gravel/Clay . 1 2 Heated Only 20. 5 Stone Paving Block . 5 3 V e n t i l a t e d Only 10. 6 Precast Concrete 1 . 4 S p e c i a l Temperature 50. 7 Flagstpne .8 5 S p e c i a l Pressure 75. 8 Bituminious I . 6 Conditioned/Heated 25. 9 Cork Asphalt 1.5 7 H e a t e d / V e n t i l a t e d 15. 8 A i r F i l t r a t i o n 12 . 9 H e a t i n g / F i l t r a t i o n 10. PLUMBING REQUIREMENT EPC 1 Water C l o s e t 200. 2 Lavatory 75. 3 Soft Water 75. 4 Vacuum 35. 5 Gas 25. 6 Shower/Bath 80. 7 Clos e t / B a t h / L a v a t o r y 2 0 0 . 8 Water/Vacuum 105. 9 Vacuum/Ga s 105. 75 CHAPTER 4: THE SCHEMATIC DESIGN THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPOSITION The n o t i o n of P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s i s a s i m p l i f i c a t i o n of what we need to express an a r c h i t e c t u r a l p r o j e c t at the sche-matic design l e v e l . There are 5 c o n s t i t u e n t s : the Sequence, the Volume, the Reference P o i n t , the D i r e c t i o n , and the Cost. Having in a f i r s t stage composed some F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s and in the second stage composed the Scheme, we have to combine tho-se 2 s e l e c t i o n s and assignments in the composition of the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . The o p e r a t i o n w i l l be e s s e n t i a l l y a Computation Procedure. In the context of the t h e s i s the Sche-matic design has been d e f i n e d as a p r e l i m i n a r y assessment of the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme, formulated in q u a n t i t y and r e l a -t i o n s h i p s and being a part of the d e c i s i o n making process at the beginning of the p r o c e s s . F i g . 12 The P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u -ents Composition Diagram i l l u s t r a t e s where t h i s happens in the p r o c e s s . The A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requirements are used with the A c t i v i t y and Room Components to compute the Sequence which i s the f i r s t p r o j e c t c o n s t i t u e n t . The sequen-ce i s a p r i o r i t y given to the f u n c t i o n a l u n i t to be placed on the s i t e . It i s e s p e c i a l l y important when there i s a c o n f l i c t between the l o c a t i o n of 2 f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s . In the case of an " o v e r l a p " one u n i t w i l l be placed at a d i f f e r e n t l e v e l f o l l o -wing the sequence p r i o r i t y . The Planning and S t r u c t u r a l •6 76 Modules are used with the Space A t t r i b u t e s and People A t t r i -butes to compute the second P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t , the Volume. The S i t e P lanning i s used with the S i t e and Time A t t r i b u t e s to compute the Reference Point and the D i r e c t i o n , the t h i r d and f o u r t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s . The Unit Cost i s used with the Space and Equipment A t t r i b u t e s to compute the f i f t h Pro-j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t . A l s o the Time A t t r i b u t e s are used to com-pute the Time Cost. Those P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s w i l l compose the Schematic Design and be used in the C o n t r o l Parameters Computation Procedure, to measure i t s Performance. The f o l l o w i n g l i s t of d e f i n i t i o n s i s from the F i g . 12 and apply to the whole t h e s i s . ARCHIIFCTURAL_PROGRAMME: a l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s , a s s o c i a t e d rooms, and a t t r i b u t e s , grouped i n t o f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s . ffTRftlggY: a w a y t o organize a response to a p a r t i c u l a r piece of land, using the s i t e i n f o r m a t i o n and the Scheme Assignment Procedure. £5.2if £ I _ £ 2 m i U M m i l : a s i m p l i f i c a t i o n of what we need to express an a r c h i t e c t u r a l p r o j e c t at the schematic design l e -v e l . SECJJE_N£E: the f i r s t P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t and a p r i o r i t y given to F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s , one coming before another. V OL UM E_: the second P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t and a S t r u c t u r a l Modu-le composed by s e v e r a l Planning Modules. REFERENCE_P0 I NT: the t h i r d P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t and a set of 2 c o o r d i n a t e s from the s i t e g r i d , used to l o c a t e a t t r i b u t e assignments or f u n c t i o n a l u n i t s on the s i t e . 77 D I^R J£ C T I_0_N : the f o u r t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t and a d i r e c t i o n that a f u n c t i o n a l u n i t takes from a Reference Point on the s i t e . At the r e f e r e n c e point there are 4 quadrants or d i r e c -t i o n s : the n o r t h , the south, the e a s t , and the west. COST: a cost express in d o l l a r s given to the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t ; t h i s i s the f i f t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t . S CH EM AT IC DES_ I_GN •* the r e s u l t of the p r e l i m i n a r y assessment of the a r c h i t e c t u r a l programme formulated in q u a n t i t y and r e l a t i o n s h i p s as a part of the d e c i s i o n making process at t beginning of the process. PERFORMANCE: a measurement of the Schematic Design accuracy in r e l a t i o n s h i p to the programme requirements and the s i t e p l a n n i n g s t r a t e g y . Figure 12. THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPOSITION DIAGRAM DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNIT SELECTION P R O P FOUR E ACTIVITY B T. OC K ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT COMPONENT NAME NAME SPACE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME EQUIP. BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME PEOPLE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPON ENT NAME S ITE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME TIME BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME ARCHITSCrURAL FRO CHASMS ferr: SITE INFORMATION SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PR n r FOUR F. SITE PLANNING STfcATECY PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE AFFIN ITY MATRIX GROUND PRIORITY MATRIX PLANNING MODULE STRUCTURAL MODULE SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS SITE PLANNING GENERAL ASS IGNMENT SITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT GENERAL DIR ECTION ASSIGNMENT UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT •SEQUENCE VOLUME REFERENCE PT. DIRECTION COST SCHEMATIC DESIGN CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE PER FORMANCE 79 THE SEQUENCE COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the F u n c t i o n a l Unit d e s c r i p t i o n and the S i t e P l a n n i n g , to determine the f i r s t P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuent the Sequence. a) We have to i d e n t i f y the Stage, Phase, and Scheme by a num-ber which could be read s e p a r a t e l y or combined l i k e 111 means Stage one, Phase one, and Scheme one. T h i s might be a l s o used as a plan i d e n t i f i c a t i o n number. b) We have to i d e n t i f y the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name which could be based on a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of Block, Component, Name, or j u s t by an a p p r i a t e name lik e " D a y Care". The F u n c t i o n -a l Unit i t s e l f i s d e s c r i b e d by the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Compo-s i t i o n Form Table V I I . c) Having the A c t i v i t y and Room Components, we can come back to the A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i c e s - F i g * 5-and. 6 to determine the A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Require-ments, for each a c t i v i t y and room of the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . d) We then add the A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requirements together to determine the T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o -r i t y Requirements for each a c t i v i t y of the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . e) A l l the T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requirements add together give the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Sequence; compared with another F u n c t i o n a l Unit Sequence, the order comes from the h i g h e s t number to the lowest. 80 Table XV THE SEQUENCE COMPUTATION STEPS Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name Room Name H CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d R R EL DAYR Dayroom CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED CHL A c t i v i t y Component SA1 A f f i n i t y Requirement H o r i z o n t a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s (see A f f i n i t y M a t r i x ) COMPUTATION S e l e c t C h i l d Care 3 1 6 x 2 = 12 5 x 0 •» 0 A x 2 C3 8 3 x 2 = 6 2 x 2 = A 1 x 1 £ 3 I REL Room .Component SG3 Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement V e r t i c a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s (see Ground P r i o r i t y M a t r i x ) S e l e c t R e l a x a t i o n Space - 33 6 5 A 3 2 1 0 A 1 0 1 7 0 20 4 0 2 7 ST SU T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requi rement F u n c t i o n a l Sequence Unit - 3 1 + 3 3 6A 6A U s u a l l y we add a l l A c t i v i t y T o t a l A f f i n i t y and Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . THE VOLUME COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the F u n c t i o n a l Unit d e s c r i p t i o n and the S i t e P l a n n i n g , to determine the second P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuent the Volume. a) We have to determine the Net Area Requirement (without p a r t i t i o n s ) . T h i s i s to be the product of the a c t i v i t y Area Requirement per Ca p i t a (Appendix C) and the average Number of People in the room to perform t h i s a c t i v i t y . b) Having the Net Area Requirement, we v e r i f y with the l i s t of P l a nning Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s Table V I I I , which Plan-ning Module (Gross Area) i s convenient. It i s u s u a l l y the f i r s t Gross Area which i s gr e a t e r than the Net Area Requi-rement . c) We have to determine the Gross Area by Planning Module. T h i s i s to be the product of the Gross Area for one Plan-ning Module, and the Number of Planning Modules r e q u i r e d . d) We have to determine the Gross Assigned Space f o r the en-t i r e F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . T h i s i s to be the t o t a l of Gross Area by Planning Module w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . e) Having the Gross Assigned Space we v e r i f y with the l i s t of S t r u c t u r a l Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s (Table IX), which S t r u c t u r a l Module ( T o t a l gross area) i s convenient. It i s u s u a l l y the c l o s e s t one, more or l e s s . f) We have to v e r i f y the Height Requirement (Appendix B) a l -ready in the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form.. 82 We have to prepare a F u n c t i o n a l Unit I n t e r i o r Organiza-t i o n P l a n . T h i s i s a proposal of Planning Modules a r r a n -gement, w i t h i n the computed S t r u c t u r a l Module. The propo-s a l i s done by the i n t e r n a l F u n c t i o n a l Unit sequence and the requirements definded by the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composi-t i o n Form. An example i s given in the Appendix A with the P r o j e c t Example. 83 Table XVI THE VOLUME COMPUTATION STEPS Stage 1 Phase I Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name Room Name H R CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d REL DAYR Dayroom CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED COMPUTATION S 112 PQ 5 Area per Capi ta Number of People ta 10.9 square feet 10 Persons VN Net Area Requirement - 10.9 x 10 = 109 s q . f e e t VG Gross Area by Planning Module o 117 s q . f e e t (from the Plan-ning Module C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s Table VIII) SS3 Number of Room Sides Requirement m Maximum (used to s e l e c t the PLANNING MODULE) SM2 Room Perimeter Requi rement - Minimum (used to s e l e c t the PLANNING MODULE) MR 3 1 PLANNING MODULE NUMBER - Number 31 see other Characte-r i s t i c s Table V I I I / F i g . 8 VR Gross Assigned Space - VG:117 s q f . x SR:2 - 234sqf. VT T o t a l Gross Assigned Space ss 234sqf. ( s e l e c t e d from the S t r u c t u r a l Module L i s t Table IX) VF T o t a l Unassigned Space n •a V L : 4 l 4 s q f . - VT:234sqf. I80sqf . VL T o t a l Gross Area - 414sqf. (from the S t r u c t u r a l Module L i s t Table IX) VYA STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE - Type A see the Table IX and Figure 9) VP The F u n c t i o n a l Unit I n t e r i o r O r g a n i s a t i o n - see an example Appendix A 84 THE REFERENCE POINT COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the F u n c t i o n a l Unit d e s c r i p t i o n and the S i t e P l a n n i n g , to determine the t h i r d P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuent the Reference P o i n t . a) We have to i d e n t i f y what has been s e l e c t e d in the F u n c t i o n -al Unit Composition Form Table VII, under items used to determine the Reference Point on the s i t e : the Type of Peo-p l e , the Noise Contours, the T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System, the V e g e t a t i o n , the Week and the P e r i o d . Then we have to v e r i -fy what has been assigned as a r e f e r e n c e p o i n t in the S i t e P l a n n i n g Assignment Table XII, f o r the previous items. b) We have to determine a Reference Point for each A c t i v i t y . T h i s i s to be the mean of each assigned c o o r d i n a t e by ac-t i v i t y . If we have 3 p o i n t s on the same sur f a c e being l o -cated by 3 sets of 2 c o o r d i n a t e s , the ge o m e t r i c a l center of the polygon formed by those 3 p o i n t s , i s given by the means of the X and Y c o o r d i n a t e s . We then have the repr e -s e n t a t i o n of the i n f l u e n c e of each point on the whole s i -t u a t i o n . c) Having the Reference Point for each a c t i v i t y w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t , we repeat the same o p e r a t i o n and de t e r -mine the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Reference P o i n t , which i s the r e f e r e n c e of each F u n c t i o n a l Unit on the s i t e G r i d . 8 5 Table XVII THE REFERENCE POINT COMPUTATION STEPS Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name H CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d R REL DAYR Dayroom CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED COMPUTATION H A c t i v i t y Block S e l e c t Home and Personal HS A c t i v i t y Block Assignment 2-3 ( c o o r d i n a t e s X-Y S i t e Grid;) PT4 People Type C h i l d r e n and Parents PTS4 People Type Assignment 4-1 INI Noise Contours 6 to 8 D e c i b e l s INSl Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 IR2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n I n t e r i o r People IRS2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 IVO V e g e t a t i o n U n s p e c i f i e d IVSO V e g e t a t i o n Assignment U n s p e c i f i e d TW7 Week A l l the Week TWS7 Week Assignment 4-1 TP4 P e r i o d Average 15 Minutes TPS4 Period Assignment 3-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point - 2 + 4 + 5 + 5_ + 4 + 3 - 24 Coordinate X 6 6 Coordinate Y - 3_+_l_+_2_+_2_+_1_+ 2 " 12 6 ~ 6 RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT - 4 - 1.6 REFERENCE POINT If we have other a c t i v i t i e s , we repeat t h i s o p e r a t i o n RA to de-termine I RU. For Assignments see Table XII 8 6 THE DIRECTION COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the F u n c t i o n a l Unit d e s c r i p t i o n and the S i t e P l a n n i n g , to determine the f o u r t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuent the D i r e c t i o n . a) We have to i d e n t i f y what has been s e l e c t e d in the Func-t i o n a l Unit Composition Form Table V II, under items used to determine the D i r e c t i o n on the s i t e : the Window Requi-rement, the Land Ownership, the Land Use, the View, and the Day. Then we have to v e r i f y what has been assigned as a D i r e c t i o n Table X I I I , f o r the previous items. b) We have to determine the General D i r e c t i o n of each a c t i v i -ty w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l Unit by making the t o t a l of the dominant d i r e c t i o n s . The dominant d i r e c t i o n i s the most of t e n used. c) We make f i n a l l y the t o t a l f o r the whole F u n c t i o n a l Unit and e s t a b l i s h the F u n c t i o n a l Unit D i r e c t i o n by t a k i n g the most o f t e n used. 87 Table XVIII THE DIRECTION COMPUTATION STEPS Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name H CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d Room Name R REL DAYR Dayroom CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED S03 Window Requirement SOS3 Window Assignment 102 Land Ownership I0S2 Land Ownership As s i gnmen t IL5 Land Use ILS5 Land Use Assignment IWl View IWSl View Assignment TD2 Day TDS2 Day Assignment GG General D i r e c t i o n COMPUTATION Und e s i r a b l e North N o n - P r o f i t C o r p o r a t i o n East School North Incompatible with Day Care North U s u a l l y in the Afternoon East 3 North GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION North If many t i on i s used at l e v e l . a c t i v i t i e s the d i r e c -then the most of t e n the general d i r e c t i o n * For Assignments see Table XIII 88 THE COST COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the F u n c t i o n a l Unit d e s c r i p t i o n and the S i t e P l a n n i n g , to determine the f i f t h P r o j e c t C o n s t i -tuent the Cost. a) We have to determine the Room Component Cost which i s the Room Component Unit Cost Assignment Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by the Gross Assigned Space (Volume Computation) b) We have to determine the E l e c t r i c a l Cost which i s the E-l e c t r i c a l Unit Cost Assignment Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by the t o t a l perimeter of a l l P l a n n i n g Modules r e q u i r e d in the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Form. c) Same procedure than number b) to determine the Mechanical Cos t . d) We have to determine the Plumbing Cost which i s the Plum-bing Unit Cost Assignment Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by the num ber of a p p r o p r i a t e f i x t u r e requirement (plumbing). e) The S t r u c t u r a l Module Cost i s the t o t a l by a c t i v i t y of a l l the previous c o s t s . f) We have to determine the F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost which i s the F l o o r F i n i s h e s Unit Cost Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by the to-t a l Net Area Requirement (Volume computation) by a c t i v i t y . g) The Wall F i n i s h e s Cost i s the Wall Unit Cost Assignment Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by the t o t a l perimeter of a l l Plan-ning Modules r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s a c t i v i t y , and m u l t i p l i e d 8 9 by the Height Requirement of the F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composi-t i o n Form. The Window Cost i s the Window Unit Cost Assignment Table XIV, m u l t i p l i e d by 2 57. of the maximum length of a l l Plan-ning Modules r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s a c t i v i t y , and m u l t i p l i e d by the Height Requirement. The P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s Cost i s the t o t a l of a l l the f i n i s h e s cost w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l Unit but by A c t i v i t y . The S t r u c t u r a l Module F i n i s h e s Cost i s the t o t a l of a l l P l a n n i n g Module F i n i s h e s Cost w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . The A c t i v i t y Time Cost i s the Period expressed in minutes (from the Funct i onal JUnit Composition Form), m u l t i p l i e d by the Occurrence per week and d i v i d e d by 60 minutes. The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Time Cost i s the t o t a l of A c t i v i t y Time Cost w i t h i n the same F u n c t i o n a l Unit expressed by hours per week. 90 Table XIX THE COST COMPUTATION STEPS Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name Room Name CODE HAS TO BE COMPUTED H CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d R REL DAYR Dayroom COMPUTATION REL Room Component S e l e c t R e l a x a t i o n Space REL 1 Room Component Unit Cost - $10. sqf e e t As s i gnment RCC Room Component Cost - $10. x 234 sqf, $2340. EE8 ELECTRICAL Requirement EEC8 E l e c t r i c a l Unit Cost EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost EM7 MECHANICAL Requirement EMC7 Mechanical Unit Cost EMC Mechanical Cost EP4 PLUMBING Requirement EPC4 Plumbing Unit Cost - $35. pe EPC PIumb i ng Cost - $35. x CB STRUCTURAL MODULE COST - $2340.+ SF1 F l o o r F i n i s h e s Requiremen t Carpet SFC I F l o o r F i n i s h e s Unit Cost - $ 2 . s q . SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost = $2. x 2 SW2 Wall F i n i s h e s Requirement P1ywood SWC2 Wall F i n i s h e s Unit Cost - $0.80 s SWC Wall F i n i s h e s Cost - $0.80 x S03 Window Requirement Undes i r SOC3 W i ndow Unit Cost Ni 1 SOC W i ndow Cost N i l CM STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $436. + TP4 Period Requirement 15 Minute TU 5 Occurrence Requirement 15 Times CT A c t i v i ty Time Cost 15 x 15 -Power and L i g h t i n g - $8. l i n e a r foot - $8. x 43.5feet x 2P.M.- $696. Heated and V e n t i l a t e d = $15. 1 inear foot - $15. x 43.5feet x 2PM - $1305. Vacuum r Plumbing F i x t u r e • $35. 225/60 - 3.7 Hours/W CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 3.7 Hours/Week ( I f many A c t i -t i e s , should be added together) 91 Table XX PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE Act i v i ty REAC Room DAYR CODE COMPONENT NAME AF A f f i n i t y Requirement 31 AG Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement 33 AT T o t a l A f f i n i t y / G r o u n d 64 AS FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 64 VN Net Area Requirement 109 sqfeet MR PLANNING MODULE NUMBER MR3 1 VG Gross Area by P l a n n i n g Module 117 sqf e e t VR Gross Assigned Space 234 s q f e e t VY STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE VYA ABS A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 PTS People Type Assignment 4-1 INS Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 IRS T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 IVS V e g e t a t i o n Assignment U n s p e c i f i e d TWS Week Assignment 4-1 TPS Period Assignment 3-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4-1.6 RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 4-1.6 SOS Window Assignment North IOS Land Ownership Assignment East ILS Land Use Assignment North IWS View Assignment North TDS Day Assignment East GG General D i r e c t i o n 3 North GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION North RCC Room Component Cost $2340. EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost $ 696. EMC Mechanical Cost 51305. EPC Plumbing Cost $ 35. CB PLanning Module Cost $4376. CT STRUCTURAL MODULE COST $4376. SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost $ 436. 3 W C Wall F i n i s h e s Cost $ 626. SOC Window Cost n i l CM Planning Module F i n i s h e s Cost $1062. CC STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $1062. CI A c t i v i t y Time Cost 3.7 Hours/Week CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 3.7 Hours/Week 92 CHAPTER 5: THE PERFORMANCE THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPOSITION The C o n t r o l Parameter has., been developed to evaluate the performance of the Schematic Design with respect to the S i t e P l anning S t r a t e g y and the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme. With the s i t e p l a n n i n g s t r a t e g y judgements have taken place and conse-quently i n t e r f e r e d in the computation. Of course changes could occur in the programme but each schematic design has to correspond to the programme requirements. In other words what we have to v e r i f y i s how the S i t e Planning S t r a t e g y with i t s assumptions, meets the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme by the Schematic Design. F i g . 13 the C o n t r o l Parameters Compo-s i t i o n Diagram, i l l u s t r a t e s where t h i s happens in the pro-c e s s . From the Sequence we compute the A f f i n i t y and Ground R a t i o s . From the Volume we compute the Planning and S t r u c t u -r a l Module Accuracy, and the Unassigned Space R a t i o . From the Reference Point we compute the Distance V a r i a t i o n and the C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n . From the D i r e c t i o n we compute the Assigned D i r e c t i o n and the D i r e c t i o n M o d i f i e r . F i n a l l y from the Cost we compute the S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o . Some d e c i s i o n s have to be made about the f i g u r e s given by these C o n t r o l Parameters in order to s e l e c t one Schematic De-sign as a proposal or to determine changes in the S i t e Plan-ning S t r a t e g y or the A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme. The f o l l o w i n g l i s t of d e f i n i t i o n s i s from F i g . 13 and apply to the whole t h e s i s . 93 AFFINITY_RATI0: the t o t a l a f f i n i t y for A c t i v i t y Components w i t h i n the same F u n c t i o n a l Unit on the A f f i n i t y Requirement. SElZHiiFi-f i i I 2 ! i I l X _ ! i ^ l I 2 : t h e t o t a l of ground p r i o r i t y a s s i g n -ments for the Room Components w i t h i n the same F u n c t i o n a l Unit on the Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement. ZtimiiI^£_ M-22Ht£_^££M5.^£I : t h e degree of convenience between the Net Area Requirement and the Gross Planning Module Area a v a i l a b l e in the system. STRUCTURAL _ ^MODULE .ACCURACY: the degree of convenience between the Gross Assigned Space and the T o t a l Assigned Space of the S t r u c t u r a l Module a v a i l a b l e in the system. S IG N ED_S P A£ E_R AT 10 : the T o t a l Unassigned Space on the To-t a l Gross Area of the S t r u c t u r a l Module. 2I£lii^££_XMI^lI2!i: a d i s t a n c e between the f i n a l F u n c t i o n a l Unit Reference Point and each A c t i v i t y Reference Point with-in the F u n c t i o n a l Unit measured on the s i t e g r i d . £I5.£tI_££IiI£i_^iiI^li£E: t h e d i s t a n c e between the f i n a l Func-t i o n a l Unit Reference Point and i t s General Reference P o i n t . £SSIGNED_DIRECTION: the t o t a l of a l l d i r e c t i o n assignments w i t h i n the same F u n c t i o n a l U n i t , and by quadrant. DIRECTI0N_M0DIFIER: the t o t a l of dominant d i r e c t i o n on the t o t a l of a l l d i r e c t i o n assignments w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l Unit. £I5 .H£lH^t_ll22£^_i l£2£lI_] i^lI2 : t n e c o s t o f t h e F u n c t i o n a l Unit as a part of the T o t a l Budget Allowance. I2™£_IIii£_li£lI2 : t h e t o t a l time spent in a p a r t i c u l a r Func-t i o n a l Unit on the t o t a l p o s s i b l e time d u r i n g the week. 9 4 Figure 13. THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPOSITION DIAGRAM DATA BASE FUNCTIONAL UNI-TJ SELECTION PROCEDUR E ACTIVITY BLOCK ROOM BLOCK COMPONENT COMPONENT NAM E NAME SPACE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME EQUIP. BLOCK ATTRI BUTE COMPONENT NAME PEOPLE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME SITE BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME TIME BLOCK ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT NAME ARCH ITECTURAL PROGRAMME SITE INFORMATION SCHEME ASSIGNMENT PROCEDURE AFFINITY MATRIX GROUND PRIORITY MATR IX PLANNING MODULE STRUCTURAL MODULE SITE PLANNING ANALYSIS SITE PLANNING GEN ERAL ASSIGNMENT S ITE PLANNING ASSIGNMENT GEN ERAL DIRECTION ASSIGNMENT UNIT COST ASSIGNMENT SITE PLANNING STRATEGY "•J _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION PROCEDURE SEQUENCE VOLl JME REFERENCE PT. DIRECTION COST CONTROL PARAMETERS AFFINITY/ PLANN ING/ UNASS . DIST . / ASSIGN . / STRUC. TOTAL GROUND STRUC. SPACE CENTER MODIFIER MODULE TIME LOCATION MODULE RATIO VARIA. DIREC- BUDGET COST RATIO ACCURACY RAT TO 95 THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION We d e s c r i b e here the computation steps u t i l i z i n g the appro-p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n from the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s computation, to determine the Co n t r o l Parameters. The Co n t r o l Parameters are used to demonstrate the Performance of the P r o j e c t Cons-t i t u e n t s . a) We have to determine the A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n which i s the t o t a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s a l r e a d y d e f i n e d in the A f f i n i t y Ma-t r i x between A c t i v i t y Components but w i t h i n the same Func-t i o n a l U n i t . b) Then the A f f i n i t y R a t i o i s the A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n on the A f f i n i t y Requirement. T h i s r a t i o i s showing how important i s t h i s a c t i v i t y in the F u n c t i o n a l Unit and in the e n t i r e p r o j e c t . c) We do the same procedure to determine the Ground L o c a t i o n and the Ground R a t i o , f o r the same reason. d) We have to determine the Planning Module Accuracy to see how convenient are the dimensions of the s e l e c t e d Plan-ning G r i d . T h i s i s the r a t i o of the Net Area Requirement on the pl a n n i n g module Gross Area. The p o s s i b i l i t i e s ran-ge between I and 1.5 . e) We have to i d e n t i f y the T o t a l Gross Area, which i s the t o t a l of square feet a v a i l a b l e in the S t r u c t u r a l Module minus the T o t a l Assigned Space to get the T o t a l Unassigned Space for the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . 96 We have to determine the Unassigned Space R a t i o in d i v i -ding the T o t a l Unassigned Space by the T o t a l Gross Area. The S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy is the same procedure than the Planning Module Accuracy (d) The next C o n t r o l Parameter to be computed i s the D i s t a n -ce V a r i a t i o n which i s the d i s t a n c e between each A c t i v i t y Reference Point and the F u n c t i o n a l . U n i t Reference P o i n t . T h i s d i s t a n c e i s taken from the Schematic Design Plan and measured d i r e c t l y between the 2 p o i n t s using the a p p r o p r i -ate s c a l e . The reason i s to show how f a r we are from the assignment o b j e c t i v e . The C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n i s the d i s t a n c e between the F o n c t i o n a l Unit Reference Point and i t s General A s s i g n -ment Reference P o i n t . T h i s d i s t a n c e i s taken from the S i -te Planning General Assignment G r i d , and measured d i r e c t l y between the 2 p o i n t s using the a p p r o p r i a t e s c a l e . The r e a -son i s to show how t h i s F u n c t i o n a l Unt i s r e l a t e d to the s i t e area where i t has been decided to b u i l d . We* have to determine the Assigned D i r e c t i o n which i s the t o t a l of a l l Assigned D i r e c t i o n s by the north, the south, the east, and the west, in the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . T h i s i s to demonstrate the importance of those d i r e c t i o n s for this f u n c t i o n a l u n i t , in order to make changes. 97 We have to determine the D i r e c t i o n M o d i f i e r which i s the number of dominant d i r e c t i o n s on the t o t a l of d i r e c t i o n s w i t h i n the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . This i s to show the importan-ce of the computed F u n c t i o n a l Unit D i r e c t i o n . The T o t a l Budget Allowance i s a c e r t a i n amount of money that the c l i e n t has f o r e c a s t f o r the e n t i r e p r o j e c t . The S t r u c t u r a l Unit Budget R a t i o i s the S t r u c t u r a l Module Cost plus the S t r u c t u r a l Module F i n i s h e s Cost, d i v i d e d by the T o t a l Budget Allowance. The reason f o r t h i s parameter is to show the budget development by F u n c t i o n a l U n i t . F i n a l l y we have to compute the T o t a l Time R a t i o , which i s the A c t i v i t y Time Cost m u l t i p l i e d by the number of people by Planning Module, and d i v i d e d by the maximum time per week (7 x 24 - 168 hours/week). 98 Table XXI THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION FORM Stage I Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y REAC "Reading to C h i l d " Room DAYR "Dayroom" CODE COMPONENT NAME PA A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n PI A f f i n i t y R a t i o PO Ground L o c a t i o n PB Ground R a t i o 0 0 0 0 PR Pla n n i n g Module Accuracy .93 VL T o t a l Gross Area 414 sqf e e t VF T o t a l Unassigned Space 180 sqfeet PU Unassigned Space R a t i o .43 PG S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy 1.0 PV Distance V a r i a t i o n PC C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n 0 30 feet GA Assigned D i r e c t i o n PS D i r e c t i o n M o d i f i e r 3 North - 2 East .60 CO T o t a l Budget Allowance VC S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o PM T o t a l Time R a t i o $20,000.00 .27 .22 F i n a l Assignments SEQUENCE 1 VOLUME VYA R.P. 4-1.6 DIRECTION North COST $5438.00 VP # i Plan # H I E l e v a t i o n # 111 Model # i l l 99 CHAPTER 6: THE CONCLUSION LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY This t h e s i s has d i s p l a y e d 1 Data Base r e l a t e d to the compo-s i t i o n of an A r c h i t e c t u r a l Programme and a set of informa-t i o n s r e l a t e d to the S i t e Planning S t r a t e g y c o m p o s i t i o n . A l s o a procedure of computation has been shown to prepare a Schematic Design and i t s Performance e v a l u a t i o n . Obviously the wide range of s u b j e c t s mentioned should not be u n d e r s «* •. tood as completed, i n s t e a d the whole t h e s i s should be seen as a working document having a d e f i n e d s t r u c t u r e . The em-phasis has been put on the way to manipulate the i n f o r m a t i o n through a determined procedure to achieve a Schematic Design p l a n . There are U majors areas which could be improved as f o l 1 ows : a) the i n f o r m a t i o n on a c t i v i t y type, room type, and a t t r i b u -t e s , should be proceeded by s p e c i a l i s t s i n v olved in each p a r t i c u l a r f i e l d ; f o r i n s t a n c e , when we present the inven-tory of f l o o r f i n i s h e s as a Space A t t r i b u t e Component, we know that i t could be more e l a b o r a t e d , b) when we prepare a Scheme, we have to make judgments on ma-ny aspects such as the h o r i z o n t a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s between A c t i v i t y Components w i t h i n the A f f i n i t y M a t r i x . At t h i s stage a concensus among the people involved has to come about. Knowing where and how to intervene in the process w i l l c e r t a i n l y f a c i l i t a t e the users comprehension, 1 0 0 c) one of the l i m i t a t i o n of the study i s the " s h o r t l i f e " of the system computation procedure. A c l o s e a n a l y s i s of the system performance w i l l c e r t a i n l y i n c rease the s o p h i s t i c a -t i o n of the computation s t e p s . In f a c t , the accuracy of the d i f f e r e n t measurements i s a key issue in the p r a c t i -c a l use of the system. There i s a very wide range of ap-p l i c a t i o n f o r t h i s methodology and c o n t a c t s with s p e c i f i c p r o j e c t s w i l l help to improve the system, d) f i n a l l y , as mentioned e a r l i e r , a F o r t r a n computer program would allow a tremendous time saving f o r r e t r i e v a l proce-dure. For i n s t a n c e , a f t e r having done a l l the computations we might decide to change one D i r e c t i o n Assignment, we then have to s t a r t the computation f o r a l l a c t i v i t i e s with the A t t r i b u t e s Components i n v o l v i n g d i r e c t i o n ; i n s t e a d with the computer program the new f i g u r e s w i l l be d i s p l a y -ed w i t h i n a second. To s t i m u l a t e the c o n s t r u c t i o n of t h i s computer program, we in t r o d u c e an e x i s t i n g computer program which could be used as the main support f o r the data manipulation and maintenan-ce. The "INFO" program w r i t t e n by John Campbell (3) and a v a i l a b l e at the Computing Center at U.B.C. T h i s data main-tenance program enables a user to c r e a t e a f i l e of s t r u c t u r e d data, to add elements to t h i s f i l e , to i n t e r n a l l y manipulate and e d i t these data, and to recover any p o r t i o n of the data 101 in a p r i n t e d form. H i s t o r i c a l l y , the program was developed to meet the needs of the F a c u l t y of Pharmacy for a o n - l i n e i n f o r m a t i o n r e t r i e v a l system. The data base in v o l v e d was a large amount of in f o r m a t i o n on 1500 to 2000 household p o i -sons. A p a r t i c u l a r a b s t r a c t (poison) had to be l o c a t e d by se a r c h i n g f o r any one or more of a number of keywords w i t h i n that a b s t r a c t . Although developed for that s p e c i a l purpose, i t i s c l e a r that the program's p o t e n t i a l usage i s more widespread. A l l the Data Base that we have developed in t h i s t h e s i s could be i n -troduced to t h i s program f o l l o w i n g the program's r u l e s . 102 REFERENCES Anderson, Theodore and Z e l d i t c h M o r r i s 1968 A b a s i c course in s t a t i s t i c s : with s o c i o l o g i c a l (!) a p p l i c a t i o n s . New York: H o l t , Rinehart and Winston, Inc. Arthur E r i c k s o n A r c h i t e c t s 1974 Conceptual development p l a n : B.C.M.C. Shaughnessy (2) s i t e , L i m i t e d D i s t r i b u t i o n . Vancouver Canada Arthur E r i c k s o n A r c h i t e c t s . Campbell, John 1971 I n f o : An i n t e r a c t i v e i n f o r m a t i o n r e t r i e v a l program. The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia, Computing Center. C a u d i l l Rowlett Scott 1975 A language for d e s c r i b i n g a r c h i t e c t u r a l spaces, (4) L i m i t e d d i s t r i b u t i o n . Houston C a u d i l l Rowlett Scott A r c h i t e c t s , P l a n n e r s , Eng, 1975 (4) Computer a p p l i c a t i o n s , working r e p o r t . L i m i t e d d i s t r i b u t i o n . Houston C a u d i l l Rowlett Scott A r c h i t e c t s , P l a n n e r s , Eng, C.C.B. C.C.B. s e r v i c e s , experiences and p e r s o n n e l . 1975 C o n s u l t a n t s Computation Bureau (5) San F r a n c i s c o U.S.A. C r i t c h l o w , K e i t h 1969 Order in space : A design source book (6) London: Thames and Hudson De C h i a r a and Lee Koppelman 1969 P l a n n i n g design c r i t e r i a , New York: (7) Van Nostrand Reinhold Compagny D i f f r i e n t , T i l l e y , Bardagjy 1973 Humanscale 1/2/3 (8) New York. The MIT Press. Henry Dreyfuss A s s o c i a t e s , Cambr idge Mass. Edite d by Meadows. Paul and M i z r u c h i , Ephraim 1969 Urbanism, u r b a n i z a t i o n and change: comparative (9) p e r s p e c t i v e s . Don M i l l s , O n t a r i o : Addison Wesley p u b l i s h i n g Compagny. Edited by S z a l a i , Alexander 1972 The Use of Time: D a i l y a c t i v i t i e s of urban and (10) suburban p o p u l a t i o n in twelve c o u n t r i e s . P a r i s , Mouton The Hague. 103 REFERENCES (continued) Fr i edman, Yona 1970 L ' A r c h i t e c t u r e M o b i l e : vers une c i t e concue par (11) ses h a b i t a n t s . M u t a t i o n s - O r i e n t a t i o n s , B e l g i q u e : Cas terman. 196" Les mecanismes u r b a i n s : c a h i e r s du c e n t r e d'etudes (11) a r c h i t e c t u r a l e s (3-1, 3-2) B r u x e l l e s : Paul Mignot. Jantsch E r i c h 1968 P r o s p e c t i v e et P o l i t i q u e . P a r i s (12) O r g a n i s a t i o n de c o o p e r a t i o n et de deve1oppement economiques. Maver, W Thomas 1971 S i m u l a t i o n and s o l u t i o n teams in a r c h i t e c t u r a l (13) d e s i g n : design p a r t i c i p a t i o n , proceedings of the . design r e s e a r c h s o c i e t y ' s conference, Manchester, England. Meis, S and Scheu, J 1973 A l l in a day's work: A time budget a n a l y s i s of the (14) d a i l y a c t i v i t i e s of men and women. Department of Antropology and S o c i o l o g y , The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia. 1973 Time budgets of married a d u l t s in the Vancouver (14) M e t r o p o l i t a n Region. Department of Antropology and S o c i o l o g y , The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia. M u r r e l l , K.F.H. 1965 Ergonomics: man in h i s working environment. (15) London: Chapman and H a l l . Pena, M.William and Focke, W.John 1969 Problem seeking: new d i r e c t i o n s in a r c h i t e c t u r a l (16) programming. Houston C a u d i l l Rowlett Scott A r c h i t e c t s , Planners, Eng. Ramsey, George Charles 1956 A r c h i t e c t u r a l Graphic Standards. New-York (17) John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 104 APPENDIX A A PROJECT EXAMPLE Th i s appendix i n t r o d u c e s a " P r o j e c t Example" to demonstrate one complete a p p l i c a t i o n of the methodology developed in t h i s t h e s i s . Each stage of the process has a l r e a d y been sup-ported by a short example (a Day Care with one major a c t i v i -ty "Reading to C h i l d " ) which i s a part of the present example except that we added other a c t i v i t i e s . The p r o j e c t i s compo-sed by 4 F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s , a Day Care, a C i v i c Center, a Dwel-l i n g , and a Dormitory. The F u n c t i o n a l Unit Composition Forms d e s c r i b e each of these F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s , and take t h e i r i n f o mations from the Data Base Table I to VI. For i n s t a n c e within the F u n c t i o n a l Unit "Day Care" for the A c t i v i t y "Reading to C h i l d " , the code f o r Access to the Room i s 3 meaning "Access to the room from a C o r r i d o r " . A f t e r to have composed those F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s , we s t a r t the P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computa-t i o n . The P r o j e c t C o n s t i t u e n t s Computation Form summarizes the r e s u l t s of a l l computations e x p l a i n e d in the Chapter 4. The f o l l o w i n g pages i l l u s t r a t e the F u n c t i o n a l Unit I n t e r i o r O r g a n i s a t i o n . It i s a proposal of l o c a t i o n for the Planning Modules i n s i d e the s e l e c t e d S t r u c t u r a l Module. In the plan i t i s presented some unassigned spaces, s p e c i f i c Reference Point (black p o i n t ) , as well as a D i r e c t i o n . The Room Names are i d e n t i f i e d by a number to r e f e r to the l i s t ; a l s o the Planning Modules used are at the top of the form. 105 The f o l l o w i n g page shows the Schematic Design Plan with a l l the F u n c t i o n a l U n i t s together on the s i t e . The s i t e has 2.25 acres and the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d in the S i t e A n a l y s i s Table X. F i n a l l y we draw a Schematic Design E l e v a t i o n of the maximum height of the p r o j e c t in r e l a t i o n with the e x i s t i n g b u i l d i n g s environment; a l s o some photograhs of the f l e x i b l e model are d i s p l a y e d to give a b e t t e r o v e r a l l view. The l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s w i t h i n each F u n c t i o n a l U n i t : Day Care Reading to C h i l d Gymn a s t i c s Games Personal Hygiene C i v i c Center C r a f t s Club/Meeting Personal Hygiene Lunch P r e p a r a t i o n Dwe11i ng E n t e r t a i n V i s i t o r s Sleep Day Evening Diner Prep, Taking a Bath Dorm i t ory Sleep at Night B r e a k f a s t Prep Break f a£t E a t i n g Personal Hygiene CODE ROOM REAC Dayroom GYMC Gymnasium GAME Playroom OTHE, T o i l e t CRAF Workshop CLUL Lounge OTHE T o i l e t FLUN Kitchen VISI L i v i n g Room ASLE Bedroom FEVE Kit c h e n BATH Bathroom NSLE Bedroom FBRE Kitchen BREA Din i n g Room OTHE T o i l e t CODE DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL WORK LOUN TOIL KITC LIVI BEDS KITC BATR B EDS KITC DINN TOIL 106 THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name REAC GYMC GAME OTHE Room Name DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a 10.9 15.7 10.5 6.6 SC Access to the Room 3 6 3 1 SF F l o o r F i n i s h e s 1 3 1 2 SH Height Requirement 9 9 9 9 SR Number of Rooms 2 1 3 2 SS Number of Room Sides 3 2 0 2 SM Room Perimeter 2 3 3 2 SW Wall F i n i s h e s 2 4 3 6 SO Window Requirement 3 3 2 3 EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement 8 5 8 7 EF F i x t u r e Requirement 3 4 3 5 EM Mechanical Requirement 7 6 6 9 EP Plumbing Requirement 4 3 4 I PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type of People 4 4 4 4 PQ Number of People/Rm. 10 8 10 2 SITE BLOCK IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s 2 4 4 1 IF S o i l Capac i ty 2 4 3 1 10 Land Ownership 2 2 2 2 IL Land Use 5 5 5 1 IN Noise Contours 1 5 5 3 IP Spec i a l Features - - - -IS Surface C o n d i t i o n 2 8 5 -IT Topography 1 2 2 1 IA T r a f f i c C o n d i t i o n 6 6 6 6 IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System 3 2 2 5 IV V e g e t a t i o n - I 3 -IW Vi ew 1 2 4 1 TIME BLOCK TW Week 7 7 7 7 TD Day 2 1 5 0 TP Period 4 6 7 1 TU Oc currenc e 5 3 5 5 107 THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name CIVIC CENTER A c t i v i t y Name CRAF CLUL OTHE FLUN Room Name WORK LOUN TOIL KITC CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE SPACE BLOCK S A Area per C a p i t a 6.2 18 6.6 4.4 sc Access to the Room 2 4 3 3 SF F l o o r F i n i s h e s 3 1 3 5 SH Height Requirement 9 9 9 9 SR Number of Rooms 5 I 2 1 SS Number of Room Sides 2 2 2 3 SM Room Perimeter 2 2 2 2 SW Wall F i n i s h e s 2 9 8 3 SO Window Requirement 1 2 3 4 EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement 5 8 4 3 EF F i x t u r e Requirement 6 3 6 4 EM Mechanical Requirement 9 1 7 7 EP Plumbing Requirement 8 8 1 2 PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type of People 8 8 1 6 PQ Number of People/Rm. 15 20 10 I 5 SITE BLOCK IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s 2 3 1 1 IF S o i l C a p a c i t y 4 5 2 3 10 Land Ownership 2 3 2 2 IL Land Use 3 12 4 3 IN Noise Contours 5 5 3 3 IP S p e c i a l Features - - - -IS Surface C o n d i t i o n 6 2 7 3 IT Topography 1 2 1 3 IA T r a f f i c C o n d i t i o n 2 6 6 2 IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System 7 3 3 4 IV V e g e t a t i o n 1 1 0 4 IW Vi ew 3 4 1 1 TIME BLOCK TW Week 7 2 7 7 TD Day 5 3 9 2 TP Period 7 7 1 3 TU Occurrence 2 2 5 3 108 THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DWELLING A c t i v i t y Name VIS I ASLE FEVE BATH Room Name LIVI BEDS KITC BATR CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT ATTR IBUTE NAME CODE SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a 13 . 5 20.8 17.0 10.4 SC Access to the Room 5 1 1 1 SF F l o o r F i n i s h e s 1 1 2 2 SH Height Requirement 9 9 9 9 SR Number of Rooms 1 1 1 1 SS Number of Room Sides 2 2 3 2 SM Room Perimeter 3 2 2 2 SW Wall F i n i s h e s I 1 1 1 SO Window Requirement 2 1 1 4 EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement 8 8 3 4 EF F i x t u r e Requirement 3 3 4 4 EM Mechanical Requirement 7 7 9 9 EP Plumbing Requirement 0 0 2 7 PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type of People 5 5 5 5 PQ Number of People/Rm. 8 5 5 5 SITE BLOCK IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s 4 3 3 2 IF S o i l C a p a c i t y 2 2 3 2 10 Land Ownership I 1 I 1 IL Land Use 3 3 3 3 IN Noise Contours 2 1 3 3 IP S p e c i a l Features - - - -IS Surface C o n d i t i o n 2 2 6 6 IT Topography 2 2 1 1 IA T r a f f i c C o n d i t i o n 6 6 6 6 IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System 3 3 I 3 IV Ve ge ta t i on 3 2 2 2 IW View 4 3 3 2 TIME BLOCK TW Week 7 7 7 7 TD Day 6 4 9 0 TP Per i od 7 9 6 I TU Occurrence 3 3 7 9 THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT COMPOSITION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DORMITORY A c t i v i t y Name NSLE BREA FBRE OTHE Room Name BEDS DINN KITC TOIL CODE ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT ATTRIBUTE NAME CODE SPACE BLOCK SA Area per C a p i t a 42 . 77.2 20. 6.6 SC Access to the Room 5 5 5 1 SF F l o o r F i n i s h e s I 3 3 2 SH Height Requirement 9 9 9 9 SR Number of Rooms 10 5 3 5 SS Number of Room Sides 2 2 3 2 SM Room Perimeter 2 3 2 2 sw Wall Requirement 5 2 3 8 SO Window Requirement 4 2 4 3 EQUIPMENT BLOCK EE E l e c t r i c a l Requirement 1 1 8 4 EF F i x t u r e Requirement 1 6 7 6 EM Mechanical Requirement 7 6 7 7 EP Plumbing Requirement 4 4 8 7 PEOPLE BLOCK PT Type of People 6 6 6 6 PQ Number of People/Rm. 2 4 2 1 SITE BLOCK IX E x i s t i n g B u i l d i n g s 1 1 1 1 IF S o i l C a p a c i t y 2 2 3 2 10 Land Ownership 1 2 2 2 IL Land Use 4 4 4 4 IN Noise Contours 2 5 5 3 IP S p e c i a l Features - - - -IS Surface C o n d i t i o n 2 2 3 7 IT Topography 1 2 2 1 IA T r a f f i c C o n d i t i o n 6 6 6 6 IR T r a n s p o r t a t i o n System 2 5 7 2 IV V e g e t a t i o n 5 5 2 0 IW Vi ew 1 4 2 1 TIME BLOCK TW Week 7 7 7 7 TD Day 4 1 1 9 TP Per i od 9 3 2 1 TU Occurrence 3 3 3 5 1 10 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION FORM Stage I Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y Name REAC GYMC GAME OTHE R oom N ame DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL CODE COMPONENT NAME AF A f f i n i t y Requirement 3 1 37 3 7 61 AG Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement 33 28 33 3 I AT T o t a l A f f i n i t y / G r o u n d 64 65 70 92 AS FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 291 VN Net Area Requirement 109 126 105 13 MR PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 3 1 37 24 1 VG Gross Area by Planning Module 234 126 324 36 VR Gross Assigned Space 720 sq f e e t VY STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE E ABS A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 3-3 2-3 2-3 PTS People Type Assignment 4- 1 4- 1 4- I 4- 1 INS Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 4- 1 4- 1 4-2 IRS T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 2-3 2-3 4-2 IVS Veg e t a t i o n Assignment - 5-2 3-3 -TWS Week Assignment 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 TPS Period Assignment 3-3 2-3 3-3 3-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4-1.6 3.4- 2 3.4 -2 4.4-2 RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3.7-2 SOS Window Assignment N N S N I0S Land Ownership Assignment E E E E ILS Land Use Assignment N N N S IWS View Ass i gnmen t N N S N TDS Day Assignment E E E -GG General D i r e c t ! o n 3N 3N 2S-2E 2N GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION NORTH RCC Room Component Cost 2340 6930 3240 540 EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost 696 765 1 1 52 340 EMC Mechanical Cost 1305 1275 3600 340 EPC Plumbing Cost 3 5 75 3 5 200 CB Planning Module Cost 4376 9045 8027 1420 CT STRUCTURAL MODULE COST $22868.00 SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 436 126 648 108 SWC Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 626 688 1555 61 SOC W i ndow Cost - - 72 -CM Plan n i n g Module F i n i s h e s Cost 1062 8 14 22 7 5 169 CC STUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST 43 16. 00 CI A c t i v i t y Time Cost 3.7 3 . 5 .30. .75 CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 38. 111 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name CIVIC CENTER A c t i v i t y Name CRAF CLUL 1 DTHE FLUN Room Name WORK LOUN ' TOIL KITC CODE COMPONENT NAME AF A f f i n i t y Requirement 37 37 61 36 AG Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement 38 33 3 1 15 AT T o t a l A f f i n i t y / G r o u n d 75 70 92 51 AS FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 288 VN Net Area Requirement 93 360 66 66 MR PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 20 - 1 1 13 VG Gross Area by Pla n n i n g Module 495 4 14 144 72 VR Gross Assigned Space 1125 VY STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE K ABS A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 PTS People Type Assignment 2-3 2-3 5-2 5-2 INS Noise Contours Assignment 4-1 4- 1 4-2 4-2 IRS T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 4- I 5-2 5-2 3-3 IVS V e g e t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 5-2 - 4- 1 TWS Week Assignment 4- 1 3-3 - 4-1 TPS Period Assignment 4- 1 4- 1 2-3 2-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point 3.7-1 .7 3 .7-2 3 .7-2 RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3 .7-2 3 .4-2 SOS Window Assignment S S N W IOS Land Ownership Assignment E W E E ILS Land Use Assignment W N E W IWS View Assignment S S N N TDS Day Assignment E W W E GG General D i r e c t i o n 2 E-2S 2W- 2.S„ 2E-2N 2 GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION EAST RCC Room Component Cost 14850 4140 2 160 1800 EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost 3000 696 680 375 EMC Mechanical Cost 2000 2610 1020 562 EPC PIumb i ng Cost 105 105 200 75 CB Plan n i n g Module Cost 19955 7 5 5 1 4060 28 12 CT STRUCTURAL MODULE COST $34378 .00 SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 495 828 144 2 16 SWC Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 1440 1174 183 404 SOC Window Cost 54 144 - -CM Planning Module F i n i s h e s Cost 1989 2 146 327 620 CC STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $ 5082 . 00 CI A c t i v i t y Time Cost 8. 8. .75 1 . 1 CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 17.8 1 12 THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DWELLING A c t i v i t y Name VISI ASLE FEVE BATH R oom Name LIVI B EDS KITC BATR CODE COMPONENT NAME AF A f f i n i t y Requirement 37 22 36 61 AG Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement 33 33 15 3 I AT T o t a l A f f i n i t y / G r o u n d 70 55 51 92 AS FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 268 VN Net Area Requirement 96 104 85 52 MR PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 22 26 18 9 VG Gross Area by Planning Module 99 108 90 54 VR Gross Assigned Space 351 VY STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE A ABS A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 PTS People Type Assignment 4-1 4- 1 4- 1 4- 1 INS Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 5-2 4-2 4-2 IRS T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 5-2 5-2 2-3 5-2 IVS V e g e t a t i o n Assignment 3-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 TWS Week Assignment 4- i 4- 1 4- I 4- 1 TPS Period Assignment 4- 1 5-2 3-4 2-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4- 1 . 7 4-2 3-2 . 4 3 . RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3.7- 2 SOS Window Assignment S S S W IOS Land Ownership Assignment S S S s ILS Land Use Assignment W w . W w IWS View Assignment s S S N TDS Day Ass i gnment w N w -GG General D i r e c t i o n 3S 3S -3-S 2W GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION SOUTH RCC Room Component Cost 990 1080 22 50 8 10 EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost 348 328 3 7 5 340 EMC Mechanical Cost 652 615 375 340 EPC Plumbing Cost - - 75 200 CB Planning Module Cost 1990 2023 307 5 1690 CT STUCTURAL MODULE COST $87 78 .00 SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 198 2 16 270 162 SWC Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 186 184 169 153 SOC Window Cost 36 54 36 -CM Planning Module F i n i s h e s Cost 420 454 475 3 1 5 CC STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $ 1664.00 CI A c t i v i t y Time Cost 14 3 5 12.5 I . 5 CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 63 . THE PROJECT CONSTITUENTS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase I Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DORMITORY 1 13 CODE COMPONENT NAME AF A f f i n i t y Requirement 22 34 36 61 AG Ground P r i o r i t y Requirement 26 32 15 31 AT T o t a l A f f i n i t y / G r o u n d 48 66 51 92 AS FUNCTIONAL UNIT SEQUENCE 257 VN Net Area Requirement 42 77 20 6.6 MR PLANNING MODULE NUMBER 4 15 3 1 VG Gross Area by Planning Module 450 405 108 90 VR Gross Assigned Space 1053 VY STRUCTURAL MODULE TYPE H ABS A c t i v i t y Block Reference Point 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 PTS People Type Assignment 5-2 5-2 5-2 5-2 INS Noise Contours Assignment 5-2 4-1 4-1 4-2 IRS T r a n s p o r t a t i o n Assignment 2-3 4-2 4-1 2-3 IVS Vege t a t i o n Assignment 4-1 4-1 2-3 TWS Week Assignment -TPS Period Assignment 5-2 2-3 2-3 2-3 RA A c t i v i t y Reference Point 4-2 3.4-2 3-2 2.4-2 RU FUNCTIONAL UNIT REFERENCE POINT 3»4-2 SOS Window Assignment '.'W S W N IOS Land Ownership Assignment S E E E ILS Land Use Assignment E E E E IWS View Assignment N S N N TDS Day Assignment N E E W GG General D i r e c t i o n 2N 3E 3E 2E-2N GU FUNCTIONAL UNIT DIRECTION EAST RCC Room Component Cost 4500 8100 2700 1350 EEC E l e c t r i c a l Cost 265 157 612 850 EMC Mechanical Cost 3975 3925 1097 1275 EPC Plumbing Cost 35 35 105 80 CB Planning Module Cost 8775 12217 4514 3555 CT STRUCTURAL MODULE COST $29061. SFC F l o o r F i n i s h e s Cost 900 405 108 270 SWC Wall F i n i s h e s Cost 238 1130 825 230 SOC Window Cost - 12 6 CM Planning Module F i n i s h e s Cost 1138 1661 933 500 CC STRUCTURAL MODULE FINISHES COST $4232.00 CI A c t i v i t y Time Cost 35. 1.1 .5 .7 CF FUNCTIONAL UNIT TIME COST 37.3 _-1 1 4 FUNCTIONAL UNIT INTERIOR ORGANISATION PLAN X A / \ X \ / \ x € 1*7 x \ / 1-2 • 3 - 4 : Da y :Toi room l e t 5 :Gymn a s i um 6-8 :Playroom \ / \ ^ K X$\ 1 V •.• V.*.'. 1 V P # 1 DAY CAREV \ / \ I ? / \ X 115 FUNCTIONAL UNIT INTERIOR ORGANIZATION PLAN FUNCTIONAL UNIT INTERIOR ORGANIZATION PLAN 7K I - 10 '.Bedroom II - 1 5 : T o i l e t 16- 18 : K it c h e n 19 - 23 : D i n i n g room 22/' THE SCHEMATIC DESIGN PLAN # 111 1 1 8 119 THE SCHEMATIC ELEVATION #111 120 THE MODEL THE MODEL 122 THE MODEL 123 THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DAY CARE A c t i v i t y REAC GYMC GAME OTHE Room DAYR GYMN PLAY TOIL CODE COMPONENT PA A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n 9 10 6 13 PI A f f i n i t y R a t i o .3 .26 .16 .2 PO Ground L o c a t i o n 11 1 1 I 1 I PB Ground R a t i o .33 .04 .33 .35 PR Planning Module Accuracy .93 I. .97 .70 VL T o t a l Gross Area 1242 sqf e e t VF T o t a l Unassigned Space 522 sqf e e t PU Unassigned Space R a t i o .42 PG S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy .95 PV Distance V a r i a t i o n 30f . 30f. 30f. 60f . PC C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n 30f. GA Assigned D i r e c t i o n 9N-7E-3S PS D i r e c t i o n M o d i f i e r .47 CO T o t a l Budfet Allowance $200,000.00 VC S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o . 136 PM T o t a l Time R a t i o .22 .15 1.8 .01 F i n a l Assignments SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION COST VP # Plan # E l e v a t i o n Model 1 E 3.7-2 North $27220.00 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 124 THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name CIVIC CENTER Ac t i v i ty CRAF CLUL 0THE FLUN Room WORK LOUN TOIL KITC CODE COMPONENT PA A f f i n i t y Loc at i on 9 10 8 4 PI A f f i n i t y R a t i o .25 .26 . 13 . 1 I PO Ground L o c a t i o n 10 7 1 1 8 PB Ground R a t i o .26 .2 1 .4 . 7 PR Planning Module Accuracy .94 .87 .91 .91 VL T o t a l Gross Area 1656 sq f e et VF T o t a l Unassigned Space 53 1 sqfeet PU Unassigned Space R a t i o .32 PG S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy .98 PV Distance V a r i a t i o n 30f . Of. 30f . 30f . PC C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n 30f . GA Assigned D i r e c t i o n 6E - 6W - 4N - 4S PS D i r e c t i o n M o d i f i e r .30 CO T o t a l Budget Allowance $200,000.00 VC S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o . 197 PM T o t a l Time R a t i o . 7 1 .95 .05 . 1 F i n a l Assignments SEQUENCE 2 VOLUME K R.P. 3.7- 2 DIRECTION Ea s t COST $39460.00 VP # 2 Plan # 1 1 1 E l e v a t i o n # i l l Model # 1 1 I 125 THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION FORM Stage 1 Phase I Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DWELLING A c t i v i t y VISI ASLE FEVE BATH Room LIVI BEDS KITC BATR CODE COMPONENT PA A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n 4 6 4 8 PI A f f i n i t y R a t i o . 1 .3 . 1 . 13 PO Ground L o c a t i o n 1 1 6 3 8 PB Ground R a t i o .3 3 .24 .2 .25 PR Planning Module Accuracy .97 .96 .94 .96 VL T o t a l Gross Area 4 14 sqfe e t VF T o t a l Unassigned Space 63 sqfeet PU Unassigned Space R a t i o 0.15 PG S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy 1.5 PV Distance V a r i a t i o n 42 . 5f-30f .68f . 30f PC C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n 30 feet GA Assigned D i r e c t i o n 10S - 7W - 2N PS D i r e c t i o n Mod i f i er .53 CO T o t a l Budget Allowance $200 ,000.00 VC S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o 0.05 PM T o t a l Time R a t i o .7 1 . .4 .04 F i n a l Assignments SEQUENCE VOLUME R.P. DIRECTION . COST VP# Plan * Elevation# Model* 3 A 3 .7-2 South $ 10442 3 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 00 126 THE CONTROL PARAMETERS COMPUTATION FORM Stage I Phase 1 Scheme 1 F u n c t i o n a l Unit Name DORMITORY A c t i v i t y NSLE BREA FBR E 0THE R oom BEDS DINN KITC TOIL CODE COMPONENT PA A f f i n i t y L o c a t i o n 8 9 9 6 PI A f f i n i t y R a t i o .36 .27 .25 0. 1 PO Ground L o c a t i o n I 1 2 6 PB Ground R a t i o .OA .03 . 13 .2 PR Planning Module Accuracy .93 .95 .55 .36 VL T o t a l Gross Area 1656 sqf e e t VF T o t a l Unassigned Space 603 sqf e e t PU Unassigned Space R a t i o .36 PG S t r u c t u r a l Module Accuracy 1 .04 PV Distance V a r i a t i o n 60f . Of . 30f . 90f PC C i r c l e Center V a r i a t i o n 60f • GA Assigned D i r e c t i o n 9E - 5N - 3W - 3S PS D i r e c t i o n Mod i f i er .45 CO T o t a l Budget Allowance $200,000 .00 VC S t r u c t u r a l Module Budget R a t i o 0.166 PM T o t a l Time R a t i o .20 .03 0 0 F i n a l Assignments SEQUENCE 4 VOLUME H R.P. 3.4 -2 DIRECTION East COST $33 ,293 . 00 ; VP* 4 Plan* 1 1 1 Elevation// 1 i l l Model* 1 1 1 127 APPENDIX B THE HEIGHT REQUIREMENT CHART One of the A t t r i b u t e Components under the Space A t t r i b u t e Block i s the Height Requirement. When we are p r e p a r i n g an a r c h i t e c t u r a l programme, one of the questions to answer i s what i s the " b e s t " height of the room f o r t h i s or that par-t i c u l a r a c t i v i t y . To answer t h i s q u e s t i o n we have developed, a l i s t of p o s s i b i l i t i e s having a minimum number of cons-t r a i n t s , a c h a r t of measurements in r e l a t i o n with a t y p i c a l housing s c a l e . T h i s housing s c a l e d i c t a t e d 3 d i f f e r e n t height grades: 8 f e e t , 9 f e e t , or 10 fe e t as the most frequent and u s u a l l y a p p l i e d . The number 3 and 5 with t h e i r m u l t i p l e s allow the composition of almost a l l of the c o n s e c u t i v e height requirements. The f o l l o w i n g l i s t i l l u s t r a t e s the Chart. 3 feet SB one # 3 4 fe e t u n a v a i l a b l e 5 fee t = one # 5 6 feet two # 3 7 fee t - unavai1abl e 8 fee t o one # 5 + one # 3 9 fee t - three # 3 10 feet - two # 5 1 1 fee t - two # 3 + one # etc With those 2 numbers and t h e i r m u l t i p l e s , there are only few r e s t r i c t e d h e i g h t s . THE HEIGHT REQUIREMENT CHART 129 APPENDIX C THE AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA CHART The Area Requirement per C a p i t a i s an A t t r i b u t e Component under the Space A t t r i b u t e Block. This component i s e s s e n t i a l -l y designed to improve the s e l e c t i o n of a Planning Module. The need comes from the d i f f i c u l t y to e s t a b l i s h the s i z e of the room used to perform a p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t y or a group of a c t i v i t i e s . Having determined the number of people i n v o l v e d we then have 2 good i n d i c a t o r s . The way to determine t h i s Area per C a p i t a i s a measurement of two dimensions on a chart r e p r e s e n t i n g the man in a c t i o n d u r i n g a p a r t i c u l a r a c t i v i t y . The l i s t i s c o n s t r u c t e d with the f o l l o w i n g procedure: a) we have a l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s in a l p h a b e t i c a l o r d e r , b) each of these a c t i v i t i e s has a code a c c o r d i n g to the Name, c) a set of 2 c o o r d i n a t e s from the chart i s then a s s o c i a t e d to each a c t i v i t y , the f i r s t c o o r d i n a t e r e p r e s e n t s the sec-t i o n (the number - the l i n e and the l e t t e r «• the place on the l i n e ) and the second c o o r d i n a t e r e p r e s e n t s the p l a n , d) a s p e c i f i c dimension ( i n meter) i s a s s o c i a t e d to each co».: ord i n a t e , e) a s u r f a c e per c a p i t a i s e s t a b l i s h e d by the product of the 2 previous dimensions ( i n square meter) T h i s Area Requirement per Capi t a Chart has been developed from d i f f e r e n t sources but mainly a Japanese Standard Graphic and the Humanscale by D i f f r i e n t , T i l l e y , Baragjy ( 8 ) . LIST OF AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA (meters) CODE ACTIVITY NAME COORDINATES DIMENSIONS AREA METERS SQ.METERS ANCA Animal Care 2 j - 1 5 f 1.5 x 0.7 1.05 ARCH Archery 2a-10a 1.1 x 1.0 1.1 ASLE Asleep Day 2g- 9g 2.0 x 1.0 2.0 NSLE Asleep Night 2g- 9g 2.0 x 1.0 2.0 ASSE Assembly 3c-12c 0.9 x 0.7 0.63 ATHL A t h l e t i c s 3 n - l l a 1.0 x i.5 1.5 BABY Baby Care 7 i - 1 Id 1 .2 x 0. 75 0.9 BABS B a b y s i t i n g 3e-10e 1.2 x 0.9 1.08 BADM Badminton 3 k- 1 1 f 1.3 x 1.2 1.56 BANK Banking 6 k - l l g 1.4 x 0.6 0.84 BASK B a s k e t b a l l 3g-14i 0.4 x 0.5 0.20 HAIR Barber 41-i5g 1.4 x 1.3 1.82 BMKG Bedmaking 8k-l5h 0.8 x 1.8 1.44 WRES Boxing 4g-15g 1.5 x 0.9 1.35 BREA B r e a k f a s t E a t i n g 4j-12d 2.3 x 0.85 1.84 FBRE B r e a k f a s t Prep. l b - l l c 0.8 x 1.2 0.96 CAMP Camping 3f- 9f 1.6 x 1.6 2.56 BATH C h i l d Bathing 7 f - 1 0 i 1.4 x 0.5 0.70 DRES C h i l d D r e s s i n g l l - 1 5 g l.L x 1.25 1.32 FEED C h i l d Feeding 81-12d 2.0 x 0.85 1.6 HEAL C h i l d Health 7 f - l 5 d 1.4 x 0.95 1.26 CINE Cinema 3d-10d 1.0 x 0.50 0.50 CIRC C i r c u l a t i o n 4 e - l l h 0.8 x 0.6 0.48 CIVI C i v i c A c t i v i t y 4 i - 9e 2.2 x 1.1 2.3 CLUL Club 4 i - ^ 9 c 2.1 x 0.85 1.68 COMM Community 3a-12b 0.7 x 0.65 0.42 CONC Concert 3e-13e 1,3 x 1.2 1.56 CRAF C r a f t s l e - l l c 0.4 x 1.5 0.60 CRIC C r i c k e t 8j-10k 1.6 x 0.6 0.96 CYCL C y c l i n g 3 i - 1Om 0.5 x 1.5 0.75 DANC Dancing 5e-12b 1.9 x 1.0 1.9 DECO De c o r a t i n g 6 e - l l d 1.2 x 0.75 0.77 DISC Discotheque 2 f- 13 f 1.8 x 2.5 4.5 DOZG Dozing 3g- 9g 1.6 x 1.0 1.6 DRIN D r i n k i n g 4a-l4h 0.7 x 0.7 0.49 FDR I Drinks Prep. l b - 1 Id 0.7 x 0.7 0.49 VISI E n t e r . V i s i t o r s 3d-12c 1.0 x 1.35 1.3 CLAE Evening C l a s s e s 3b-14h 0.6 x 0.7 0.42 EVEN Eve. Dinner Eat. 4 i - l 2 i 2.1 x 0.75 0.42 FEVE Eve. Dinner P r e p . l a - l l c 1.1 x 1.5 1.65 EXAN Exams 2h-14k 1.0 x 0.4 0.4 13 1 LIST OF AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA (continued) CODE ACTIVITY NAME COORDINATES DIMENSIONS AREA METERS SQ.METERS FENC Fending 3 i - 1 Id 0.5 X 0.75 0.35 FIRE F i r e p l a c e 6e- 15a 1.0 X 0.9 0.9 FREE Free P e r i o d 2g- 9g 2.0 X 1.0 2.0 GAME Games 2 i - 9c 1. 1 X 0.9 0.99 GARG Garage Repair 6f- 11c 1.6 X 1.5 2.4 GARD Gardeni ng l h - 11a 0.9 X 1.5 1.35 GYMC Gymna s t i c s 3n- 1 la 1.0 X 1 . 5 1.5 HAID H a i r d r e s s e r 41- 15g 1.4 X 1.3 1.82 HELP Help Homework 81- 14j 1.9 X 0.5 0.95 HOB B Hobbies 6e- 1 lc 1.0 X 1 . 5 1.5 HOMN Home Work 81- 14j 1.9 X 0.5 0.95 SKAT Ice S k a t i n g 2a- 10a 1 . 1 X 1.0 1. 1 INDO Indoor P l a y i n g 6a- 12 f 1 . 1 X 1.0 1.1 IRON Ironing l e - 1 l a 1.4 X 0.7 0*98 JUDO Judo/Karate 8k- 1 5h 0.8 X 0.7 0.56 LAUN Launder i ng 7 i - 1 Id 1.2 X 0.75 0.84 LECT Le c t u r e s 3b- 14h 0.6 X 0.7 0.42 LESS Lessons 3b- 14h 0.6 X 0.7 0.42 LETT L e t t e r W r i t i n g 3b- 14h 0.6 X 0.7 0.42 LIST L i s t e n i n g Radio 3c- 13c 0.9 X 1.2 1 .08 LISM L i s t e n i n g Music 3c- 13c 0.9 X 1.2 1.08 LUNC Lunch E a t i n g 4c- 12d 1.0 X 0.85 0.85 FLUN Lunch P r e p a r a t i o n l c - I 1 f 0.6 X 0.7 0.42 MAKM Making Music 2 f- 13 f 1.8 X 2.5 4.5 MARK Marketing 71- I5h 1.2 X 1.5 1.8 PART P a r t i e s 3a- 12b 0.7 X 0.65 0.42 M ED I Personal Medical 7 f-I5d 1.4 X 0.95 1.26 OTHE Per s.Hygiene 5b- 14m 0.9 X 0.7 0.63 PICN P i c n i c k i n g 2k- 12d 0.8 X 0.8 0. 64 POLI P o l i t i c a l Course 3c- 12c 0.9 X 0.7 0.63 POST Post O f f i c e 4 j - 1 5e 2.3 X 0.6 1.38 GOUT Prep.to Go Out 3 i - 10m 0.5 X 1 . 5 0.75 MAKU P u t t i n g Make-up 8h- 15e 0.9 X 0.6 0. 54 RAMB Rambling 3k- 12b 1.3 X 2 . 1 2 .73 READ Reading 3c- I4j 0.9 X 0.5 0.45 REAC Reading to C h i l d 4b- I2d 1.3 X 0.8 1 .04 REAL Re 1i g i ous 2k- 10 j 0.8 X 0.65 0.48 R EPA Repairs 6c- I lc 1.6 X 1.2 1.82 REST Re s t i n g 3 f- 9f 1.6 X 1.0 1.6 RUGN Rugby 3g- 14i 0.4 X 0.5 0.2 132 LIST OF AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA (continued) CODE ACTIVITY NAME COORDINATES DIMENSIONS AREA METERS SQ.METERS SWIM Sw imm i n g 2g-lOg 2.0 X 0.5 1.0 SAIL S a i 1 i n g U n s p e c i f i e d 2.0 SECD Second Job 2g- 9g 2.0 x 1.0 SEWG Sewing 6d- 1 11 1.5 X 0.9 1.3 5 SHAV Shaving 5b-14m 0.9 X 0.7 2.0 SHOB Shopping 71-15h 1.2 X 1.5 1.8 SNAC Snack E a t i n g 4c- 12d I .0 X 0.85 0.85 F SNA Snack P r e p a r a t i o n I 1 c - 11 f 0.6 X 0.7 0.42 SOCC Soccer 3 g - l 4 i 0.4 X 0.5 0.2 0 LECT S p e c i a l L e c t u r e 3c- 12c 0.9 X 0.7 0.63 5POR Sport s Club 3c- 12c 0.9 X 0.7 0.63 TAB L Table Tennis 8 e - 13 c 0.9 X 2.2 1.98 BATH Taking a Bath 2g-i0g 2.0 X 0.5 1.0 PHON Telephoning 3a- I4f 0.8 X 0.9 0.72 TENN Tennis U n s p e c i f i e d TENP Tenpon Bowling 7n-15h 1.8 X 1.8 3.24 B ICY Trave1/B i eye 1e 3j-lOm 0.9 X I . 5 1 .3 5 BUSE Trave1/Bus 3b-10k 0.6 X 0.5 0.3 CARS Trave1/Car U n s p e c i f i e d 1.35 MOTO Trave1/Mo tor 3 j - 10m 0.9 X 1.5 FOOT Trave1/Foot 3 i - 10m 0.5 X 1.5 0.75 TUTO T u t o r i a l 3c-14j 0.9 X 0.5 0.45 VACU Vacuum C l e a n i n g 8d-15d 1.4 X 0.55 0.7 WASH Washing Body 7b-10j 1.0 X 0.6 0.6 WASD Washing Dishes 7 j - 15c 0.6 X 0.95 0. 54 WAHH Washing Hair 5c-141 1.5 X 1.0 1.5 WATC Watching T.V. 3d- 13a 1.0 X 1.3 1.3 WATE Water S k i i n g 3 i-10m 0.5 X 1.5 0.75 WORK Work-based 5 o c i a l 3 c - 1 2 c 0.9 X 0.7 0.63 133 THE AREA REQUIREMENT PER C A P I T A CH.AiVi' 1 3 4 THE AREA REQUIREMENT PER CAPITA CHART 135 , B f t i 4, - I I 1 Si 0 01 MM • i L. ' -v i tw-i i -0! I l l a; —'«V:::i::: 111 @! pililsHiilli j pjiliiiji! l l i l i ' l H l i l |i;::::::::t:i liiyi S i ! ilMii Rl 'HI.::*!' v : ' - , v t leSI TiTililii ^ 4: b M r;'1! n !D:l! m 1 't r- r - i Hi ^ B 0 J 0 m oC|" © I —1-1— Sir- ' i l l ? jl ! f r P 0 136 137 APPENDIX D LIST OF ACTIVITY AND ASSOCIATED ROOM This appendix has-been developed to demonstrate how each ac-t i v i t y could be a s s o c i a t e d to a room name. There i s in our s o c i e t y a tendency to s p e c i a l i z e the space going to a point where each a c t i v i t y w i l l have a p a r t i c u l a r room. Thus before we go from one room to another we w i l l have to decide what we w i l l do as s p e c i f i c a c t i v i t y . In the present time, many a c t i v i t i e s are u s u a l l y a s s o c i a t e d to a room, i n c r e a s i n g the using time of t h i s room, due mainly to the small amount of p o t e n t i a l people a v a i l a b l e to use a room. The l i s t presented here i s composed by the f o l l o w i n g items: a) a l i s t of a c t i v i t i e s i n a l p h a b e t i c a l order, b) f o r each of these a c t i v i t i e s an a s s o c i a t e d code f o l l o w i n g a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of Block, Component, and Name, c) f o r each of these a c t i v i t i e s an a s s o c i a t e d Room Name, d) f o r each of these rooms an a s s o c i a t e d code f o l l o w i n g a t r i p l e h i e r a r c h y of Block, Component, and Name. 1 3 8 LIST OF ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM CODE ACTIVITY NAME H HKG ANCA Animal Care B OUT ARCH Archery H SLP ASLE Asleep Day H SLP NSLE Asleep Night E SCH ASSE As semb1y B OUT ATHL A t h l e t i c s H CHL BABY Baby Care H CHL BABS Babys i t ing B IND B ADM Badminton M S ER BANK Banking B OUT BASK Basketbal1 M SER HAIR Barber H HKG BMKG Bedmak ing B IND WRES Boxing H EAT BREA Bre a k f a s t E a t i n g H FOD FBRE B r e a k f a s t Prep. B OUD CAMP Camping H CHL BATH C h i l d Bathing H CHL DRES C h i l d D r e s s i n g H CHL FEED C h i l d Feeding H CHL HEAL C h i l d Health S ENT CINE Cinema M SER C IRC C i r c u l a t i o n S CLU C IVI C i v i c A c t i v i t y H LEI CLUL Club S CLU COMM Commun i ty S ENT CONC Concert H LEI CRAF C r a f t s B OUT CR IC C r i c k e t B OUD CYCL C y c l i n g S ENT DANC Dancing H MAT DECO Decorating S ENT DISC Di scotheque H SLP DOZG Dozing H EAT DR IN Drinks H FOD FDR I Drinks Prep. H LEI VISI E n t e r t a i n V i s i t . E EVE CLAE Evening C l a s s e s H EAT EVEN Eve.Diner Eati n g CODE ROOM NAME I MAI HOUK Housekeeping D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i urn R BED BEDS Bed room R BED BEDS Bedroom U TEA CONF Conference Rm. D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um R BED CUBL Cub i c 1 e R BED CUBL C u b i c l e D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um C VAU BANC Bank T OPE PLAG PI ayground C RET SHOP Shop I MAI HOUK Housekeeping D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um C RET DINN Dini n g Rm. I PRO KITC Kit c h e n T OPE PARK Park R HYE BATR Bathroom R HYE DRER Dressing Rm. R BED CUBL C u b i c l e D EXA EXAM Examination Rm. C COM PROJ P r o j e c t i o n Rm. T CIR CORR C o r r i d o r R REL LOUN Lounge R REL LOUN Lounge T C IR MALL Ma l l C COM MUSC Music Rm. I MAI WORK Work shop R REL PLAY PIayroom I STO LOCK Lockers R REL PLAY P1 ayroom I MA I HOUK Housekeeping C COM MUSC Music Rm. R BED CUBL C u b i c l e C RET BARS Bar I PRO KITC K i tchen R REL LIVI L i v i n g Rm. U TEA CLAS Clas s room C RET DINN Dining Rm. LIST OF ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM (continued) CODE ACTIVITY NAME CODE ROOM NAME H FOD FEVE Eve.Dinner Pre. I PRO KITC Kitchen E SCH EXAN Exams U TEA STYD Study Rm. B IND FENC Fending D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um H HKG FIRE F i r e p l a c e R REL LIVI L i v i n g Rm. E SCH FREE Free Period T OPE OPEN Open Rm. H LEI GAME Game s R REL PLAY PI ayroom M SER GARG Garage Repair I PRO GARA Garage H HKG GARD Garden i ng T OPE GARE Garden B IND GYMC Gymn a s t i e s D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um M SER HA ID H a i r d r e s s e r C RET SHOP Shop H CHL HELP Help Homework U TEA STYD Study Rm. H LEI HOBB Hobbies I MAI WORK Workshop E SCH HOMN Homeworks U TEA STUD Stud io S ENT SKAT I c e / R o l l e r / S k a t e T OPE PLAG PI ayground H CHL INDO Indoor P l a y i n g R REL DAYR Dayroom H HKG IRON Iron ing I PRO LAUM Laundry B IND JUDO Judo/Karate D WOK GYMN Gymn a s i um H HKG LAUN Laundering I PRO LAUM Laundry E FUR LECT Le c t u r e s U TEA CLAS Classroom E SCH LESS Lessons U TEA STUD Studio H LEI LETT L e t t e r W r i t i n g R HYE CUBL C u b i c l e H LEI LIST L i s t e n i n g Radio C COM MUSC Music Rm. H LEI LISM L i s t e n i n g Music C COM MUSC Music Rm. H EAT LUNC Lunch E a t i n g C RET DINN Din i n g Rm. H FOD FLUN Lunch Prep. I PRO KITC Kitchen H LEI MAKN Making Music C COM MUSC Music Rm. M SHO MARK Maketing C RET STOE Store S GAT PART P a r t i e s R REL PLAY P1 a yroom H HYG M ED I Pers. Med i c a 1 D EXA EXAM Exam i na t i on H HYG OTHE Pers.Hygiene Oth .R HYE TOIL T o i l e t B OUD PICN P i c n i c k i n g T OPE PARK Park E SCH POLI P o l i t i c a l Course U TEA SEMI Seminar Rm. M SER POST Post O f f i c e c OFF OFFI O f f i c e H HYG GOUT Prep.to Go Out T C IR VEST V e s t i b u l e H HYG MAKU P u t t i n g Make-up R BED CUBL C u b i c l e 140 LIST OF ACTIVITY WITH ASSOCIATED ROOM (continued) CODE ACTIVITY NAME CODE ROOM NAME B OUD RAMB R ambling T C IR BALC Balcony H LEI READ Reading U TEA READ Reading Rm. H CHL REAC Reading to C h i l d R REL DAYR Dayroom E SCH REAL Reading to Learn U TEA STUD Studio H LEI RELA R e l a x i n g R BED CUBL C u b i c l e S CLU R EL I Re 1i gi ous C RET CHAP Chapel H MAT R EPA Repairs c RET SHOP Shop H SLP REST Re s t i n g R BED CUBL C u b i c l e B OUT RUGB Rugby T OPE PLAG Playground B WAT SWIM S w i mm ing D WOK POOL Pool B WAT SAIL S a i l i n g c STO STOR Storage W WOR SECD Second Job T OPE OPEN Open Rm. H HKG SEWG Sewing I MAI WORK Workshop H HYG SHAV Shaving R HYE TOIL T o i l e t M SHO SHOB Shopping C RET STOE Store H EAT SNAC Snack E a t i n g C RET DINN Dining Rm. H FOD FSNA Snack Prep. I PRO KITC Ki tchen 3 OUT SOCC Soccer T OPE PLAG PIayground E SCH LECT Spec i a l Lecture U TEA SEMI Seminar Rm. S CLU SPOR Sports Club U TEA CONF Conference Rm. B IND TABL Table Tennis R REL PLAY P1 ayroom H HYG BATH Taking a Bath R HYE BATR Bathroom H LEI PHON Telephoning C COM TELE Telephone Rm. B OUT TENN Tennis T OPE PLAG PIayground B IND TENP Ten p i n B owling R REL PLAY PIayroom W TRA B ICY T r a v e l by B i c y c l e l STO LOCK Lockers w TRA BUSE T r a v e l by Bus R REL WAIT Waiting Rm. w TRA CARS Trave1 by Car T CIR PARG Parking w TRA MOTO Tr a v e l by Motor T C IR PARG Park ing w TRA FOOT T r a v e l on Foot I STO LOCK Lockers E SCH TUTO T u t o r i a l U TEA STYD Study Rm. H HKG VACU Vacuum Cle a n i n g I MAI HOUK Housekeeping H HYG WASH Washing Body R HYE BATH B a throom H HKG WASD Washing Dishes I MAI HOUK Housekeeping H HYG WAHH Washing Hair R HYE TOIL T o i l e t H LEI WATC Watching TV. C COM PROJ P r o j e c t i o n Rm. B WAT WATE Water S k i i n g I STO LOCK Lockers S CLU WORK Work-based Socia 1U TEA S EM I Seminar Rm. 

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            data-media="{[{embed.selectedMedia}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/dsp.831.1-0100135/manifest

Comment

Related Items