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Role of Abigail Williams in Robert Ward's The Crucible Krueger, Melanie Erin 2001

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ROLE OF ABIGAIL WILLIAMS IN ROBERT WARD'S THE CRUCIBLE by MELANIE ERIN KRUEGER B.Mus., W i l f r i d Laurier University, 1998 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF MUSIC in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES (School of Music) We accept this thesis as conforming to the required standard THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Ap r i l 2001 © Melanie. Erin Krueger 2 001 In presenting this thesis in partial fulfilment of the requirements for an advanced degree at the University of British Columbia, I agree that the Library shall make it freely available for reference and study. I further agree that permission for extensive copying of this thesis for scholarly purposes may be granted by the head of my department or by his or her representatives. It is understood that copying or publication of this thesis for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. Department The University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada DE-6 (2/88) UBCMUSIC The Crucible An opera in four acts based on the play by Arthur Miller Music by Robert Ward Libretto by Bernard Stambler W i l l i The UIK: Opera r.ii.scnible & The U B C Symphony Orchestra Conductor - Jesse Read Stage Director - Nancy Hermiston Musical Director - Richard Epp Set & Costume Design by Alessia Carpoca Light Design by Jeremy Baxter ITicrc will be one twenty-minute intermission Chan Shun Concert Hall March 1, 2, 3,4, 2001 THIS PRESENTATION IS MADE POSSIBLE BY GENEROUS ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE CHAN ENDOWMENT FUND OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA The Crucible An opera in four acts based on the play by Arthur Miller Music by Robert Ward Libretto by Bernard Stambler with The U B C Opera Ensemble & The U B C Symphony Orchestra Conductor - Jesse Read Stage Director - Nancy Hermiston Musical Director - Richard Epp Set & Costume Design by Alessia Carpoca Light Design by Jeremy Baxter There wil l be one twenty-minute intermission Chan Shun C o n c e r t Hall M a r c h 1, 2, 3 , 4 , 2001 THIS PRESENTATION IS MADE POSSIBLE BY GENEROUS ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE CHAN ENDOWMENT FUND OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA A Message from the Conductor and Director of the U B C School of Music Welcome to a memorable night of opera! I hope you will savor this evening, the ideal kind of theatre experience, an opera based on a great piece of dramatic art-Arthur Miller's striking play, a score from a legendary composer who has graced us with his pres-ence, a sharply-defined visual and theatrical setting which com-pliments and supports the story, all performed by the singers and musicians from what is emerging as the most exciting opera train-ing program in Canada! We are proud of this production, excited that U B C , the School of Music and the Department of Theatre, film and Creative Writing can collaborate again to bring you into its midst. As the Director of the School and conductor ol tonight's performance, I share your excitement, enthusiasm and sense of appreciation for the talent and dedication necessary to give birth to such a mov-ing and dramatic production. Thank you tor joining us. Warm wishes, Jesse Read - Conductor, Director U B C School of Music A Message from the Head of Theatre, Film and Creative Writing The Performing Arts are too often assumed to be just enter-tainment. Theatre in all its forms, has been a crucial part of our societal development, with an importance far beyond the merely diversionary. The Crucible is a case in point. In 1950, the play was Arthur Miller's response to a social injus-tice, and it gave us a picture of how we behave in the throes of political hysteria. Robert Ward's operatic work makes this picture even more poignant and more accessible to an even broader audience. The De-partment ol Theatre, f i lm and Creative Writing is proud to join with the Opera Program to present this classic, relevant and important story. Ron Fedoruk - Head of Theatre, Hi!m and Creative Writing, U B C About theComposer Robert Ward was born in 1917 in Cleveland, Ohio . H e studied with Howard Hanson and Bernard Rogers at the Eastman School of Music; with Frederick Jacobi, Bernard Wagenaar, Albert Stoessel and Edgar Schenkman at the Juilliard Graduate School, and with Aaron Copland at the Berkshire Music Center. He has served on the faculties of Queens College, Columbia University, and the Juilliard School of Music where he was also Assistant to the President from 1952 to 1956. He was the Director of the T h i r d Street Music School Settlement from 1952 to 1955. He was Executive Vice-Presi-dent and Managing Editor o f Galaxy Music Corporation and Highgate Press until 1967 when he became President of the Nor th Carolina School of the Arts. Unt i l his retire-ment in 1987, he was the Mary Duke Biddle Professor of Music at Duke University. M r . Ward's large and distinguished musical creation has, in large measure, been com-missioned by the New York C i t y Opera, Broadcast Music. Inc., the New York Philhar-monic, the Friends o f Dumbarton Oaks, the Juilliard Musical foundation, and many others. His opera, The Crucible, based on the play by Arthur Mil ler , won both the 1962 Pulitzer Prize for Music and the New York Music Critics Circle Citat ion for the same year. A Message from the Director Robert Ward's opera The Crucible gives us pause to think of our own human strengths and weaknesses. We have chosen to give the piece no fixed period as the issues addressed by this very moving work arc ones which have remained with us long before and long after those Puritan days of Salem. One needs only to look into our history books, listen to the 6:00 o'clock news, enter some schools, universities, colleges or even some courts and churches to sec that mass hysteria, mob mentality, persecution, jealousy, hatred, sexual repression, and the darker sides of power and love are as present now as they were in Salem or in Miller's 1950 U.S society. Through this most disturbing and inspiring work both Mi l l e t and Ward provide us with the opportunity to find, as does John Proctor, "that shred of goodness" in ourselves. When asked what the opera has to say to modern audiences, Robert Ward re-plied: "We think events like the Salem witch trials or the McCar thy hearings can't happen again, but as we look around us in the world, we see the same conditions recur again and again." It is a great honour and privilege to have the composer with us for this produc-tion. Nancy Hermiston Director UBC Opera Ensemble UBC OPERA ENSEMBLE The Opera Ensemble and 1 would like to thank you for your continued sup-port and interest. The 2000/2001 season has been a most exciting and active one. O u r collaboration with the Opera blouse in Usti nad Labcm, Czech Republic, was a most successful and rewarding venture. A highlight of our European sched-ule was our performances o f Giirtnerin aus Liebe in the Stovosky Theatre, Prague, where Mozart premiered his Don Giovanni. A further consequence of this venture was the collaboration between the Usti Opera House and the Opera Ensemble in this production of The Crucible. O n Sept. 21, 2001 the Opera House in Usti wil l present the Czech premiere ol The Crucible with this production featuring a C z c c h / U B C Opera Ensemble cast. We return to Usti in M a y and June to perform three operas, Gounod's, Faust in French, Janacek's The Cunning Little Vixen in Czech, and Mozart's Gdrtnerin aus Liebe in German, internationally renowned conductor David Aglcr will con-duct the Faust performances while Usti's General Music Director; Norbert Baxa wil l lead the Vixen and Gdrtnerin. The Ensemble wi l l complete its tour at the International Festival for Young Opera Singers in the University town of Erlangen, Germany with a performance of Gdrtnerin aus Liebe on July 1, Canada Day. Along with their colleagues from Usti the Ensemble wil l share this Festival with singers from Italy and Germany. O u r season has also included the annual David Spencer Memorial concert, our Christmas production o f Hansel and Gretel, many community concerts and a tour ro Cranbrook, B . C . with our shortened school version o f Hansel and Gretel, where approximately 1500 children attended our performances. In addition, we participated with Italy's Ruggiero Ensemble in a production of Monteverdi's / / Ritorno d'Ulisse di Patria. After The Crucible we will join the Choral Union and W i n d Symphony for Operatic excerpts Mar. 23 & 24 and present three evenings of Operatic Bon Bons on Apr. 20, 21, & 22 in the O l d Auditorium, featuring excerpts from Faust, Olcllo, Romeo and Juliette, Hamlet and Sir John ln Love, with guest directors, Irving Guttman and M a r i Hahn. - Nancy Hermiston T H E O P E R A E N S E M B L E E X E C U T I V E R H O N W E N A D A M S M E L I S S A B E N C I C N E E M A B I C K E R S T E T H R H O S L Y N J O N E S J A N E T V A N D E R T O L A L E X I S B A R T H E L E M Y K A T Y B O W E N - R O B E R T S J E A N I N E F Y N N R I L E Y M C M I T C H E L L J U S T I N W E L S H The Crucible by Robert Ward Cast March 1 & 3 March 2 & 4 Betty Parris Katy Bowen-Roberts Dory Haylcy Reverend Parris Russell Robson Phillip Grant Tituba Beverly McArthur Katherine Landry Abigail Williams Melanie Krucger Mari Flalin Ann Putnam Shauna Martin Cindy Koistincn Thomas Putnam Elio Catana Krzysztof Biernacki Rebecca Nurse Jeanine Fynn Suzanne Abbott Francis Nurse Joel Klein Pierre Hungr Giles Corey Craig Johnson Neil Wright John Proctor *Gil Anderson *Andrew Greenwood Reverend Hale David'Jefferies Shae Apland Elizabeth Proctor Alexis Barthelemy Sandra Stringer Mary Warren Maaike deBruyn[March lst| Sheila Christie [March 3rd] Neema Bickersteth Ezekiel Cheever Ian Paul Alex Good Judge Danforth Neil Wright Philippe Castagner Sarah Good Elaine Lee _ Elizabeth Cushnie Ruth Putnam Jinny Park Rhoslyn Jones Susanna Walcott Mia Harris Paula MacNeil Mercy Lewis Soula Parassidis Alexandria Beck Martha Shelton Charis Vanelst Rosa Nam Bridget Booth Rhonwen Adams Katie Cross *by permission of Canadian Actor's Equity Association Chorus Stephen Bell Jerome Dubois Jeannette Gibault Andrew Jameson Amy LaFroy Michael Mori Steven Rathjen Mark Sampson Janet Vandertol ORCHESTRA i VIOLIN 1 BASS +Alycia A u 'Leanna Wong Ruth Huang Peggy Tong Evet Bo-Kyoung K i m Jennifer C h u Adrian Dyck Jessy Giammarino Amanda Hsueh James Wei FLUTES Angela Hodgson *Tara Whittaker A m y Pei Greg Kirczenow (piccolo) Amelia Mor i Jenny Atkinson OBOE & ENGLISH HORN Ruth Houtman Marisa Chang VIOLIN 2 CLARINETS 'G i l l i an Mott 'Eileen Walsh Brooke Day Jennifer M c E n h i l l James Hi l l Amanda Beatty (bass clarinet Denisc Ng Jessica Wan BASSOONS Trevor Pearce Meghan Dahl Vincent Wong Phyllis Ho HORNS 1 leather Liau 'Megan Smith Jack Tsai David Quackenbush VlOI.A TRUMPETS 'Beth Schaufcle 'Meghan Turner Aaron Butler Chris Mitchell Szabolcs Kabok Suzanne Schwciklc-Davey BASS TROMBONES Gillian Hunter Peter Waldkirch CELLO ' C o l i n Giles Diederik van Dijk Anne Davison Seung Young Song Lucas Wong Sarah Tippett Alexandra Sia Hsin-Pei L iu TIMPANI & PERCUSSION Bruce Henczel LIBRARIAN Peggy Wong MANAGER Col in Giles + CONCERT MASTER * SECTION LEADER 9 PRODUCTION F O R T H E O P E R A D E P A R T M E N T MUSIC DIRECTOR RICHARD EPP REPETITEURS DANIEL C H O W D O N N A FALCONER BRETT KINGSBURY TECHNICAL DIRECTOR CAMERON M C G I L L TECHNICAL COORDINATOR JASON BOSHER W I G S ELKE ENGLICHT HEAD OP PROPERTIES VALERIE MOFFAT PROP BUILDER M A K E - U P N E I . VOLRICH LIGHTING ASSISTANT M I K E INWOOD LIGHTING BOARD OPERATOR JEREMY BAXTER PAINTERS GENNIE W I LLOUGH BY-PRICE COSTUMES OPERA HOUSE , USTI NAD LABEM, CZ E C H REPUBLIC COSTUME COORDINATOR LYDIA HIEBERT Media Sponsors C B C <;§»> radio5S*? Cimcs. AND Bnoml P R O D U C T I O N STAGE MANAGER PEGGY JAMESON* ASSISTANT STAGE MANAGERS APRIL LAWRENCE MAYA SANDERS STAGE CREW LAURA PARSON STACY LANDERS FOR T H E THEATRE DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL DIRECTOR IAN PRATT PRODUCTION MANAGER ROBERT EBERLE PROPS SUPERVISORS JANET BICKFORD L Y N N BURTON COSTUME SUPERVISORS JEAN DRISCOI.I.-BEI.I. STAGE CARPENTERS JIM FERGUSSON D O N GRIFFITHS JAY HENRICKSON BUSINESS MANAGER MARIETTA KOZAK COMMUNICATIONS JOAN WELLWOOD POSTER DESIGN JAMES A . G L E N Box OFFICE GERRY BRATZ OFFICE SUPPORT G . VANDERWOUDE PROGRAM LAYOUT MARYKE FLAMELING A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S The Chan Family, Michael Noon The Vancouver Opera, The Vancouver Playhouse, The Arts Club Theatre, Valerie Moffat, School of Music Office Staff, Phyllis Lavalle and The Friends of U B C Opera, David Spencer Endowment Encouragement Fund, Enchanted Florist, Ian Pratt, Thomas Thompson, U B C Opera Ensemble, The Moving Guys, and Jim Wright General Director of The Vancouver Opera A Special Thank You to the Vancouver Opera Guild for their donation to this production. II) The Crucible - Synopsis Act I The curtain rises on the Reverend Samuel Parris kneeling distraught at the bed of his daughter Betty. She lies immobile and scarcely breathing, as she has lain since Parris came upon her and her cousin Abigail dancing in the woods the night before. I ituha comes to ask about Betty but is angrily sent away. Abigail enters to say that the town is whispering of witchcraft and that Parris should go out to make denial. He bitterly turns on her to question her about the dancing and about her mysterious dismissal from the service of the Proctors. As she vehemently denies any wrongdoing, attributing her dismissal to Goodwife Proctors arrogant de-sire for a slave, the Putnams enter to tell that their Ruth was stricken at the same time as Betty Parris and that they have sent to Beverly for the Reverend Hale, known for his skill in discovering witches. While Parris, fearful of any suspicion of witchcraft in his own household, is anx-iously doubting the need for Hale, Rebecca and Francis Nurse enter with Giles Corey. Rebecca is comforting, old Giles is flippant about the illness of the girls. When Putnam insists that witches are at work in Salem, Giles accuses him of using a witch scare to defraud his neighbors of their land. John Proctor's entrance only brings this quar-rel to a higher peak. (Abigail, though silent in the upper room, visibly reacts with excitement to John's entrance.) Rebecca reprimands the men for this un-timely squabble in a house of illness, and calls them back ro their senses. Giles departs with John. They sing a psalm to beseech God's help. As the psalm proceeds, Betty begins to writhe on the bed and then with an unearthly shriek tries to fly out of the window. They rush to her side. In the midst of the commotion the Reverend Hale enters. H e calms them with his air of authority and then methodically sets an inquiry under way. He'soon learns that Tituba has played an important role in what has been happening, having also been present at the dancing. Ann Putnam asserts that Tituba knows con-juring. Tituba is sent for; at her entrance, Abigail, who has been under severe inquisi-tion by Hale, lashes out to accuse Tituba of compacting with the Devil . Tituba, over-whelmed by the sternness of Hale and the malevolent intensity of Parris and the Putnams, finally confesses that she has been visited by the Devil , but denies that he has persuaded her into any wrongdoing-for a few moments she frightens Parris and the Putnams with a heartfelt fantasy of the hellish power to bring them harm that the Devil had offered her. Wi th Tituba's confession the spell over Betty is broken. A l l return to the psalm in great thanksgiving, while Abby envies the attention now being given to Tituba, hys-terically repents her own compact with the Devil, and visibly receives an answer to her prayer for forgiveness and for a call to mark out others of the Devil's crew. Act II John Proctor returns from a day's planting to find Elizabeth listless and moody. In her mind the witch trials have become an aggravation of her domestic troubles, with Abby at the center ofboth. She insists that John expose Abby's fraud to Judge Danforth; his reluctance to do this convinces her that he still has a warm spot in his heart for Abby. John's self-defense is double: that he has no witness to what Abby told him, and that she will avenge herself by revealing John's adultery with her. And he is fed up with Elizabeth's sitting in condemnatory judgment upon him. She gently denies this but regrets the van-ished sweetness of their love. Abby, she says, will not confess the lechery lest she damn herself. And what of those who suffer in jail because of John's silence? No, John must teat the last feeling for Abby out of his heart, or she will never give up hope of some day having him for her own. Mary Warren enters furtively from her day at court as one of Abby's crew of witchfinders. She tells, breaking into tears, that the number of those atrested has tripled-and that Goody Osborn has been condemned to hang! She is truly troubled by this, and by her own part in it, but demonstrates how the mob excitement of the courtroom procedure turns her into an hysterical accuser even against her own will. When John threatens to whip her if she ever returns to that court she blurts out that Goody Proctor herself has been mentioned in court and that only Mary's defense of her prevented an outright accusation. Elizabeth is sure that Abby is behind this and is once more pleading with John to got o the court when Reverend Hale and John Cheever enter with a warrant for her arrest: that very evening Abby has charged Elizabeth with employing a witch's poppet to kill her. John makes Mary acknowledge it is her poppet, but Hale, although deeply troubled by these new directions of the witch-hunts, feels that he must arrest Eliza-beth for examination. John is about to burst out wildly to prevent their taking Elizabeth away, but in-stead turns with intense but controlled passion upon Mary: she will tell her story in court even though it may provoke a charge of adultery from Abby and ruin both Abby and John completely-anything rather than that Elizabeth should be in danger for his sake. Act III Scene 1. Abby, with a mixture of scheming but passionate love for John and a mystical belief in her mission, tries to persuade John to abandon Elizabeth and to join her in the holy work of cleansing the puritanically corrupt town. He will not listen to this, but instead pleads that she free the town from the curse of her foolish wickedness, and then threatens to expose her fraud. She defies him: now any dire fate that descends on Elizabeth will be of his doing. 12 Scene 2. Judge Danforths invocation in court reveals the strength and fervor of his con-viction that Gods will is working through him to cleanse the land of a plague of witches. As court opens, Giles Corey accuses Thomas Putnam, in his greed for his neighbors' land, of having bragged of his role in the charges of witchcraft. Judge Danforth sends Corey to jail and torture for refusing to name his witnesses for this accusation. There is a great hubbub as Giles leaps at Putnam as the man responsible for the arrest of his wife and himself, and of Rebecca Nurse as well. John Proctor presents Mary Warren's deposition that the entire crying-out against witches started only as an exciting game for the girls-and is a complete pretense and fraud. Rut Abby, he says, has continued the game in an effort to dispose of Eliza-beth. Her encouragement to this arose from the adultery that took place between Abby and himself, which he is now confessing. When Elizabeth, ordinarily incapa-ble of a lie, is brought in and fails to confirm John's confession; Abigail counterat-tacks, charging that Mary herself has turned witch. Mary, helpless and then hysteri-cal, turns on John Proctor-accusing him of being the Devil's man who has forced her into trying to confuse and overthrow the court. A l l but the Reverend Hale close in on John Proctor with sadistic vindictiveness. Act IV Tituba and Sarah Good, crazed by the rigors of imprisonment, sing of the Devil and his broken promises to them. Abby comes into the prison courtyard; she has bribed the jailer to permit Proctor to escape. John, although broken by the months of prison and torture, scornfully rejects the freedom and love she offers him. Abby runs off weeping. Hale, and then Parris, try to persuade Judge Danforth to postpone the execu-tions of Proctor and Rebecca Nurse scheduled for that morning: Salem may break into open rebellion at the execution of such respected citizens. Danforth indig-nantly refuses, but agrees to ask Elizabeth to persuade her husband to confess. John is brought in and left alone with Elizabeth. She tells him that Giles Corey has 4ied, pressed to death rather than say aye or nay to the charge of witchcraft, but that many have confessed in order to save their lives. John reluctantly brings out his own wish to confess-if it will not make her think ill of him for lying. Passionately she" answers that it was her lie that doomed him-and that she wants him alive. Exultant, he shouts that he will confess to the charge of witchcraft. Danforth, Hale, and Parris rejoice-for their vari-ous reasons-over John's confession, and Parris tries to persuade Rebecca, who has been brought in on the way to the gallows, also to confess. She refuses to damn herself with the lie. John is asked to sign his confession, that it may be exhibited before the town. But this is too much: he has deeply shamed himself by confessing, but he will not set his hand to the destruction of his own name-and the eternal shame of his sons. He tears up the document. In fury Danforth orders John and Rebecca to he led out to execution. Hale pleads with Elizabeth that she change John's decision while there is yet time. She refuses: "He has found his name and his goodness now-God forbid I take it from him." Images-and Texts about the Salem Witch Trials A Modeft Enquiry I«to the Nature of Witchcraft, A N D How Pcrlbns Guilty of that Crime miy be CtmvilUJ And the meant uled for their Diic»vcry Dilcafled, both Nr^atively and Affirmdtruely^ a^ccording to SC H If IVRE and ' B'Xt ER/E\ Nc E. * By Joljn $ale, Piftor of (hs Church of Chiiil in Jtvtrttj, Aon* Dcmiai i I 9 7 , IX'hn' thty ft* ttatejca, jttk. thtm fiat hsr-f F*rt"'/t*r Spiri'i tmtt rnntt tVi^4rthflbdl peif£i% Te ti* t*w **J te lb* Ttffime*Ji '{ thty fftak mat *cat*iim£ *<• /hit wwd^ it it btcafft there it m'-light imi'itmt Haiah Vftl. 19, t o . i Thst which i./rt net ttaeh thtm me% Jub 3 4 O STO N im N. £. B. Gnm, and J. AUm, for iet under the Town H n a f c i"?o2 W A R R A N T F O R T H E A R R E S T O F E L Z A B E T H P R O C T O R A N D S A R A H C L O Y C E ( A P R I L 4, 1692): There Being Complaint this day made (Before us) by capt Jonat Walcott, and Lt Natheniell Ingersull both of Salem Village, in Behalfe of theire Majestiesfor themselfes and also for severall of their Neighbours Against Sarah Clqyce the wife of peter Cloyce of Salem Village; and Elizabeth Proctor the wife ofJohn Proctor of Salem farmes for high Suspition ofSundry acts ofWitchcraft donne or Committed by them upon the bodys ofAbigail Williams, and John Indian both of Mr Sam parris his family of Salem Village and mary Walcott daughterofthe abovesaid Complainants, And Ann Putnam and Marcy Lewis of the famyly of Thomas Putnam of Salem Village whereby great hurt and dammage hath beene donne to the Bodys of ' s'd persons above named therefore Craved Justice. You are therefore in theire Majest's names hereby required to apprehend and bring before us Sarah Cloyce the wife ofpeter Cloyce of Salem Village and Elizabeth proctor the wife of John Procter of Salem farmes; on Munday Morneing Next being the Eleventh day oj this Instant Aprill aboute Eleven of the Clock, at the publike Meetinghouse in the 1'owne, in order to theire Examination Rclateing to thepremesis aboves'd and here of you are. not to Jaile Dated Salem Aprill 8'th 1692 To George Herick Marshall of the County ofessex John Huthornc Jonathan Corwin Assists Above: "The Trial of George Jacobs, August 5, 1692" byT.H. Matleson, 1885 Left; the inside cover of a book written by Rev. Hale on the examination of witches. The I Vpos i l ion of Sam P.ii lis, Nathaniel Ingcrsoll, and Thomas l'liinain [pictured below] The Deposition of Sam: Parris aged about.39.years, & Nathanael Ingersol aged about fifty & eight years, & Thomas Putnam aged about fourty years all of Salem -testifyeth & saith that John Indian, A n n Putman & Abigail Wil l iams & others o f the bewitched persons were severall times & grcivously tortured at the Examination of Elizabeth Proctor wife to John Proctor ot Salem Farmes before the Honoured Magistrates the. If'th Apr i l . 1692 . & particularly that Eliz: Hubbard was in a Trance during the whole examination unable to speak a word tho often called upon by s'd Magistrates, & also the said Abigail Will iams & A n n Putman then testifyed that they saw this I ' l i / : P I C K (or & I K T husband |ohn P I C K lor severall times afflicting of Baihslnia Pope the wife of Joseph Pope of Salem Yeoman, at which times the said Bathshua Pope was seized with violent fits: & farther that the said Abigail Will iams & A n n Putnam, both of them mack oiler to strike ai said Eliz, Proctor, but when said Abigails hand came near to said Eliz: Proctor il opencl (whereas it was made up into a fist before-) eV came clown exceeding lightly as ii drew near to said Proctor, & at length with open & extended fingers touche said Proctors hood very lightly, & immediately said Abigail cryed out. O h ! my fingers, my fingers, my fingers burne, & A n n Putman look on most greviously of her head, & sunk down, as far as she could being held up by such as tended her. - Nath: Ingatson and thorn. Putman did on their oaths owne this their testimo-nies to he the truth be fore the Juriors of lnques this 30 of June 1692. A / W i r ^ tf | / W v »o~t ttttlL . J«. «*»*». St- Sbu**mJLi**mj.C-"*"*• fff * ^ y « - c 9* fl+rtW / o W f o-t»^ OJBJAS / « w f « 4 of J<Jk*~ - _ — -* ' '— — i^fjML V Kmt- f~it*. T^U.-, n J^~\^t ff-Zft^ftU v'Jtwi U lUtu of •f tl**&U / W - ">"/' ' " f'£~ fiu^' if- <M~to Hvtwu*,' ffl+yifiw'tl lt*/a // t»fh*^' H'ft. • if f w - r tV . ' *Cu / '~ lu**- iU.-.fh^'tai^ V&4 >f iv r:«>i<<- ,Uv*ny I/., 4i_{Ullinal^rf tvni 'Wx lo rptu,* a atolU 1/-.H ' 4, z'-'r/W;W</, v ,au ll, * u . * //(..<><c" U . cUorv K . J l T H . " ( ' • / , • • ' i i - j IU, (Ci <(,,• / W " • h * « • /"C-/V-</i •4(.jK*.l,-jiUtp„^ yy,. u, - r ' ' / -if- ty* f (,» f J• j"-* (f\,U,f{^..K 'V " " ' ' U l " ^ •'-<i-' l'1'.' . | r > , IK ' I ' I . . IW V .1"- <• ! « • • . . - , IM III.,.. , , , „ . • . , ,lff. i -lU til f..f.t*,n/ \L„-n, ,«AJt "fl tl •• '•* •'•'••»• I •' '"i", <<"••">' ,„ . ,„•.•».•>• i. - / W * " ' " ' '•• f - ' ' -... 4-** < - c*»4 • • * - ^ ,1 „ : . , > jji^f-A « > ^ T -3 A | , v ; . , m ^ 'tn/Aw '"in L+**.qrt ,9-To learn more about the Salem Witch Trials, visit the website http://etext.virginia.edu/salem/witchcraft SIEGFRIED JERUSALEM (tenor) IN CONCERT R e n o w n e d in Bayreuth circles for his masterful interpretat ion of German opera and art song, the great Wagner ian tenor makes a rare recital appearance at the Chan . SATURDAY MARCH 17, 8:00pm Tickets avai lab le at Ticketmaster [280-3311] or call the Chan Centre Box Off ice at 822-2697 Upcoming Events UBCMUSIC Masterclasses witl i Siegfried Jerusalem March 12-14 O l d Audi tor ium March 15 Recital Ha l l Student Concert Admission: $5.00 lor each class and student concert Masterclass Pass: Admission to all Masterclasses and the Student Concert: $20.00 U B C music students: Free admission A Concert o i Operatic Excerpts March 23 & 24 8:00pm Chan Centre for the Performing Arts U B C Ensemble, U B C Choral Un ion , U B C Symphonic W i n d Ensemble Admission by donation U B C Symphony Orchestra Apr i l 5, 12:30pm Apr i l 6, 8:00pm Chan Centre for the Performing Arts Free admission Masterclasses with Dawn Upshaw Apr i l 12, 12:00pm-2:00pm Chan Centre for the Performing Arts Admission: $10/$1 5 at the door Opera Bon Bons Apr i l 20 & 21, 8:00pm Apr i l 22, 3:00pm O l d Audi tor ium Excerpts from Othello, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliette, Sir John in Love, and Faust Guest direcrors: Irving Guttman and M a r i Hahn Admission by donation For more concert information visit The School of Music website at: w w w . m u s i c . u b c . c a o r p h o n e 8 2 2 - 5 5 7 4 

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